KUSTER COMPANY Subsurface Instruments


Contents: Specifications................ Purpose of Equipment . Description and Principles of Operation Operating Instructions Operating Suggestions Tools and Accessories Clock and Maintenance Equipment Measuring Line Reels (Hoists) Bellows Repair Kit with Vacuum Pump Lubricators HP Clocks Operation and Maintenance Detailed Disassembly-Assembly procedure Drawings

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Specifications: Accuracy: Pressure Gauge: Temperature Gauge: Sensitivity: Range: Pressure Element: Temperature Element: Dimensions: Pressure Gauge: Temperature Gauge: Weight: Pressure Gauge: Temperature Gauge: Clocks, hours, jeweled: Stylus Travel : Charts: Bourdon Tube: Equivalent: Materials: Calibration Units:

+/-0.2% of full scale +/-1°C absolute 1 part in 2000 0-800 psi to 0-30,000 psi 0-56 to 0-2100 kg /sq cm 25° F to 700° F -4°C to 370°C 1-1/4" O.D. x 73-3/8 ” (38mm> 22,000 psi) 3.2 cm x186 cm 1-1/4" O.D. x 66-1/2" 3.2 cm x166 cm 15 pounds (6.8 kgs) 13 pounds (5.9 kgs) 2, 3, 12, 24, 48, 72, 120, 144, 168, 180, 360 5 inches (12.7 cm) (15 turns of lead screw) Black or Grey matte, White Standard or Flanged type Ni-Span C; temperature compensated to approximately 100°C Completely interchangeable with the Amerada RPG-3 K-Monel and Hardened Stainless Steel in contact with well fluids Psi, kg/cm², kPa


shock and temperature extremes encountered in oilfield geothermal operations. which is connected to the stylus assembly in the recorder assembly. The stylus assembly rotates within a chart carrier. The clocks are of extremely rugged design to resist vibration.KPG GAUGE (Interchangeable with RPG-3 Amerada) PURPOSE OF EQUIPMENT The KPG Pressure Recorder and KT Temperature Element were designed to provide reliable and accurate bottom hole pressure and temperature measurements under static or dynamic reservoir conditions in tubing. Fluid pressure acting on the inside of the bourdon tube causes it to rotate. The stylus assembly burnishes a mark on a coated chart within the chart carrier by means of a stylus point. They need little if any lubrication and maintenance. The most reliable materials obtainable are used to complement the rugged design. The bourdon tube rotates from pressure changes caused by heating of the liquid fill of the closed system.001" in width. The clock and lead screw assembly move the chart carrier a distance of 5 inches. lead nut and push rods. which has been in use since 1930. The mark is about . The bourdon tube rotation is transmitted to a stylus shaft and stylus assembly in a manner identical to that of the pressure element. which is temperature compensated to about 200°F. DESCRIPTION AND PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION The KPG Pressure Element is of the multiple coil bourdon tube type. A helical bimetal element is used for temperatures above 175°C. The rotation of the bourdon tube is transmitted to the stylus shaft. The bourdon tube material is a nickel alloy. For use above 200°F it is recommended that the pressure element be calibrated at the maximum temperature encountered. it can be read by means of a 5X power magnifier or by use of the Kuster 2-Way Chart Reader. The bourdon tube is a self-contained unit easily replaced in the field. 3 . Ni-Span C. The KPG Gauges are designed to meet the demand for a small diameter pressure and temperature recorder using the principle of the multiple coil helical bourdon tube. in the annulus. This rotation is directly transmitted to the stylus without any gears or springs. or in open hole. The Kuster KT Temperature Element is a liquid-vapor phase system connected to a bourdon tube. The Kuster Clocks are used to regulate the travel of the chart carrier through the lead screw.

With the inner housing held horizontally. 1. When making up the inner housing to the element. 3. 2. attaching it to the 4 . Remove the carrying plug. Assemble the inner housing to the pressure or temperature element as shown in Figure 2. To make up the gauge for a pressure or temperature survey. The use of spanner wrenches is not recommended. proceed in the following manner. See Figure 1. Remove the wood-shipping block. and lift the cover from the inner housing. and the recording assembly made up with a carrying plug. hold the inner housing nearest the threads and use the inner housing wrench supplied with your Kuster gauge. because of possible damage to the inner housing. and the clock in its case. Unscrew the carrying plug from the outer housing of the recorder unit. pull out the cover catch. the pressure element with thermometer well and oil trap. Move the chart carrier to the top of its travel then remove the stylus assembly. Remove the chart carrier by inverting the inner housing and let the chart carrier fall into the hand.OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS The Kuster KPG Gauge is shipped in three parts. loosen the stylus clamp from the carrying plug with the hexagon wrench. Install the stylus assembly by means of the clamp.

Place the gauge in a position nearly vertical (75°). Wrap the chart around the chart mandrel with sides parallel to groove. Insert the chart and mandrel into the chart carrier. The chart carrier is replaced in the inner housing with the fingers. insert the chart carrier guide bar into the stylus carrier bearing. While inserting. see Figures 3. and 5. Flange type charts are loaded in a similar manner with the chart mandrel and saddle. 6. by first engaging the leading edges into the t-shaped guide. Hold the lower clutch with the fingers. Load the chart carrier. Disengage the clock by pushing the coupler toward the clock and then counter-clockwise to lock it in the j-slot. Tap the inner housing lightly to remove any static friction. Carefully grasp the inner housing nearest the clock so as not to twist the inner housing guide rails. The chart carrier extension should be placed in the chart carrier lift. Assemble the clock in the inner housing by first winding the clock by means of the knurled coupler in a counter-clockwise direction. a small amount of side motion and also back and forth motion is helpful. The stylus lift wire should be aligned with the engraved mark on the inner housing. then the top end. Replace the inner housing cover by first engaging the lower end. Make certain the stylus lift is in the off position. Return the chart carrier to the upper position. 4. Move the chart carrier toward the stylus assembly. Disengage the clock. This positions the stylus assembly in the correct position with respect to the chart carrier. 5 . To draw the base line. 7. Remove the oil trap plug. Move the chart carrier to its lowest position.extension of the stylus shaft from the element housing. Make up the clock in the inner housing. Push the chart and mandrel into the carrier. unlit it projects from the carrier about 1/4 inch. Remove the chart mandrel. Place the stylus lift in the off position. 5. Place the stylus lift in the on position. Move the chart carrier to its uppermost position. While moving the chart carrier toward the stylus assembly. Place the stylus in the off position. Push the chart all the way in. do not handle the chart carrier spring. Release the chart carrier and allow to move slowly to the full extent of its travel. 4. and lock in place with the cover catch.

within 0. If the base line is beyond this amount it should be checked before use. Base lines should agree within the gauge sensitivity. 10. The new Kuster Teflon coated bellows provides additional protection to the bellows from corrosive fluids. The Kuster KT Temperature Element is installed in the same manner as the pressure element. Remove the oil trap plug before placing the gauge in the lubricator. Place the stylus in the on position. i." the pressure element should be flexed several times before a run. 9. The oil trap can be filled with motor oil or equivalent. When the base line is drawn. OPERATING SUGGESTIONS Drawing The Base Line The base line drawn from a pressure element. When making-up the temperature element. The gauge should be subjected to the maximum pressure (about 80% . This is the zero position of the temperature element and the position from which the calibration is made. When clamping the stylus assembly to the stylus shaft extension. To remove the chart. which has not been in use for some time will differ from the calibrated zero pressure. 16.. The entrapped air when heated causes internal pressure.e. It is furnished as standard equipment. Make up the oil trap to the gauge. water or oil should be thoroughly removed. The base line drawn after 7-10 minutes delay will agree with the manufacturer's calibration. then pulling through. The gauge should be made up at room temperatures and any cleaning solvents. 6 . 17. place the wrench on the flats nearest to the inner and outer housing connection. the adjusting knob must be against the stop.002". Place the clock in the engaged position. 13. Install the thermometer well with a maximum recording thermometer if required. 14. the adjusting knob must be against the stop.8. Replace the outer housing. 12. 11. insert the chart mandrel into the chart carrier about 1/3. After a run is made the chart carrier is removed from the gauge and the chart removed. To correct the “zero shift. 15. grasp the chart and the chart mandrel and pull both together.of its rating) for two minutes. then relaxed. This can be accomplished with a dead weight tester or in the lubricator. Trapped Internal Pressure The position of the base line is influenced by the rise in temperature of the entrapped air in the gauge housing. Attach the wire line to the wire line socket by running through the hole and then winding on itself a few turns. Wash the bellows in clean solvent to remove any corrosive well fluids.

To change the lead screw. Stylus Carrier Assembly The stylus carrier assembly has two springs and a universal coupling which are important to instrument accuracy. The KT element may be dismantled for cleaning and inspection by removing the bull nose and housing. Remove the screws attaching the lead nut to the cup. which compares the spring tension with a calibrated mass. Pull the lead screw assembly out through the top of the inner housing. part number 10142-101. Tubing wrenches for this purpose are available from the Kuster Company. The tension can be adjusted by bending the spring. Changing Lead Screws The clock running time may be reduced one-half by substituting a fast or double pitch lead screw for the standard or single pitch lead screw supplied with the instrument. 7 . Remove the screws holding the upper lead screw bearing to the housing. Bring the lead nut to the top of its travel. will invalidate the calibration of the element. Do not break the joint between the midsection and midsection adapter. This is easily done with the Kuster Stylus Tension Tester. The stylus spring and point assembly should be checked at regular intervals for the correct tension. To install follow the above in reverse order. To do so.KT Temperature Elements Caution: do not loosen and move the adjusting knob of the KT Temperature element. remove the clock and chart carrier from the gauge.

10024-101. it will be necessary to remove the accumulated tars formed from ordinary lubricants. Clean the guide in the inner housing cover on which the chart carrier spring moves. The housing and bellows with their teflon coating are not affected. After prolonged high temperature operation. A small amount of oil should also be placed on the lead screw bearing. A change in length means a leak has developed and the bellows must be replaced. For 1. the bellows should be protected with a labyrinth oil trap. it is recommended the Kuster instrument oil 550 be used. Dry the solvent before replacing in the inner housing. again drawing a good vacuum. A small amount of Thread Lube is recommended. Lubrication The threads of the instrument should be lubricated often to prevent galling. The bellows should be replaced by first drawing a good vacuum on the bourdon tube. If this trap is filled with corrosion inhibitor the bellows is protected for long periods of time. Check the screws frequently and tighten as required. attaching the bellows. The correct tension of this spring is important. Any leakage of the bellows will affect its length. 8 . part number 10231-101. filling with fluid. Chart Carrier The accuracy of pressure and temperature surveys depends on the chart conforming to the chart carrier. Although well protected. part no. A small amount of Kuster Clock Oil should be used on stylus shaft bearing on the pressure or temperature elements. it is still good practice to wash the bellows with clean solvent after use. and sealing tight with the screw provided. For continued use at temperatures above 350°F. The inside of the chart carrier should be washed out at frequent intervals with clean solvent.OPERATING SUGGESTIONS (continued) Bellows Kuster Gauges are now assembled with an Inconel alloy bellows that will resist most well acids and alkalis for long periods of time.5” gauge the bellows length is 5”. 6” for old style (See Figure 6). The chart carrier spring should be replaced when it shows signs of wear or has been overextended. Under severe corrosion conditions. The calibration of the gauge will be changed if the chart carrier is dropped and is out of round or the guide rod is moved off center. For 1-1/4” gauge at room temperature the bellows should measure 4-3/8" from the shoulder to the end. Corrosive Conditions The KPG gauge is resistant to average oil well corrosive conditions. can be obtained from Kuster Company. filling with fluid. A specially designed coil-filling device.

10024-101 filled with corrosion inhibitor. wash the filter after each run. Remove corrosive deposits as required. Use anti-seize thread lubricant. 9 . Clean very often using a sonic cleaner and brush vigorously to remove all traces of oxidation products.003" using a steel rule graduated in 1/100ths inch and a 4-6 power magnifier.Reading Charts Charts can be read to within 0. Use a small amount of instrument oil 550 on the lead screw. Rewind and let the clock run down. Converting pressure or temperature deflections to absolute values is easily accomplished with the calibration tables supplied with your gauge. In this reader the cross hairs are Projected onto the chart eliminating all parallax. part no. Temperature Element Replace o-rings often .0001 per inch in both time and pressure directions. Use special high temperature o-rings. Viewing of the chart and cross hair is through a 5X eyepiece or a 56X microscope. part no. For lubrication use only recommended high temperature oil such as Kuster oil K-Tox. 706-077. Optimum accuracy and speed is obtained using a Kuster Chart Reader. Recorder Wipe inside frequently to remove the condensed oxidation products. If corrosion is high. Pressure Elements Replace o-rings after each run or when the elastomers got hard. Re-lubricate after the run and while the clock is heated. Accuracies are about 0. in some cases. If corrosion is low. Clock Temperatures above 175°C require more frequent lubrication and cleaning of the KPG clock. the corrosive conditions.similar to pressure element. GEOTHERMAL USAGE KPG pressure and temperature recorders for geothermal use require more frequent maintenance because of the elevated temperatures and. use the labyrinth oil trap.

10 . Part number is 10130-402.Charts For temperatures above 350°F (177°C) the use of Hi-Temperature Stainless Steel Charts is recommended.

Pressurize the third time: allow to relax for 7 minutes. 1000 or 2000 psi. Allow 30 minutes for 11 . Pressurize again to the maximum pressure. When a pressure recorder is to be used at temperatures above 200'F.. Elevated Temperature Calibration Follow preliminary steps of room temperature calibration. Polish all pivots bearing surfaces to remove oxidation products.OPERATING SUGGESTIGNS (continued) Mainsprings are dry lubricated and should not be oiled unless the coating is lost. it is necessary to calibrate at the maximum temperature to be found in the well. 200. If the pressure level is passed in error. i. Draw the base line as described on page 6. If declining pressures are run in the well. Mainsprings may need replacement when used for long periods of time at elevated temperatures. for accuracies consistent with the instrument. Allow to relax for two minutes. which must be corrected before proceeding. The Kuster Company can perform this service and provide necessary corrections. the pressure should be decreased 500. 500. The chart carrier is moved manually about 1/4 inch for each pressure level. Maintain the pressure for two minutes. it is necessary to calibrate the pressure element downward if the same accuracies are essential. the gauge rapped with a sharp blow. Decreasing pressures will only repeat from the same maximum pressure and corresponding time intervals. CALIBRATION The calibrations of KPG Pressure Recorders by the manufacturer are with increasing pressures. Apply pressure in about 5 or 6 steps in equal increments.e. and the chart carrier again moved 1/4" at the same pressure level. psi and the pressure level correctly re-established. Allow to relax for two minutes. This procedure will show static friction in the instrument. Each calibration pressure level should be reached by increasing the pressure applied to the element. Pressurize the gauge to the maximum pressure of the element. Make up to the calibration sub and connect to the tester. The package escapement assembly is replaced as a unit and can be done in the field with a minimum of tools. Room Temperature Calibration Assemble the pressure element and recorder as described on pages 4-6. Install a 3-hour clock and a double pitch lead screw or use an outer housing with an external chart carrier advance (available from Kuster Company). The recorder should be in a vertical position and the bellows on the same level as the dead-weight tester.

Allow 3-4 minutes at each pressure level if the clock is used to advance the chart carrier. Atm. The scribed line may not return to the base line. and a new calibration table made. The table is prepared by using a "constant modulus" between each calibration level. Other users calibrate at regular intervals of once each six months or thirty runs. The temperature recorder must be calibrated with increasing temperature levels. kg/sq. Apply pressures in the same manner as for room temperature calibrations. 12 .2% (0. the instrument should be repaired. The calibration of the KT Temperature Gauge must be done in a controlled temperature bath. At each temperature level. using the same chart for both the calibration and the run. The table is supplied in any of the following units: psig. If during the check calibration at any pressure level the deflection is beyond 0. this is eliminated with the manual advance. whichever occurs first. the instrument should be allowed to "soak" for 30 minutes to reach equilibrium with the bath. FREQUENCY OF CALIBRATION The frequency of calibration of pressure recorders is dependent upon use. Some users calibrate before and after each run. This is caused by an increase of internal pressure of the fluid in the pressure element (which is a closed system with the bellows) when subject to elevated temperatures. Attach the tubing connection to the dead weight tester. The chart carrier is moved after temperature equilibrium is reached by using the manual advance or by means of a 3-hour clock.004") of a previous calibration. The gauge is assembled as described on pages 4-6 of the operating instructions and pages 8-9 of this section. kPa. because the calibration tables are made from a base line drawn at room temperature. cm. Temperatures at each level should be verified for accuracy by means of a portable potentiometer or calibrated glass thermometers. The Kuster pressure and temperature gauges are supplied with a direct reading calibration table. This base line shift is not significant to the pressure information.the gauge to reach equilibrium with the bath temperature.

Jagged trace on chart while gauge is not moving. -Gauge was tightened after baseline was drawn. Suggest special calibration with declining pressures by factory. b) Leaking O-ring allowing gas to leak into gauge during survey. Different deflections for identical depth points because the gauge is stopped on the way out of the well. Check bellows length immediately after run. -Due to hysteresis effect of the bourdon tube.SOURCES OF ERROR Several exaggerated examples of charts from malfunctioned gauges: 1. 6 13 . -Dirty lead screw and lead screw nut. Check stylus shaft bearing. etc. Check stylus spring. Sloppy fit of chart carrier. 4. Trace does not start or stop on baseline. Misalignment. a) Pre-pressure before each use. 3. 2. b) Gas leaking into the bellows. 1 2 3 5 6. a) Bourdon tube leak resulting in shortened bellows. Crooked base line. Trace fails to return to baseline. improper adjustment. A slight blow when the gauge is opened can be detected. -Friction due to dirt. Trace returns below baseline. c) Temperature expands fill fluid causing deflection. Check lead nut bearing. 4 5.

10315-101 Standing Valve Shock Absorber 14 . black (25) 9. 10130-101 Charts. 150-001 Calibration Tables 15.TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES KPG Tools and Accessories with each pressure recorder 1. 10003-001 Wire Line Socket 2. 150-001 Calibration Table KPG Tools and Accessories with each temperature element 1. 10320-101 Instrument Slide 10. 10128-001 Chart Mandrel 8. 150-001 Calibration Table KPG Recorder Accessories (optional) 1. black. Hi-Temp. 915-001 Thread Lube 11. black. 10008-001 Stylus Shaft Guard 2. 10162-101 Inner Housing Wrench 12. Stainless (25)-optional 7. (25) 6. 951-006 Stylus Arm Hex Wrench 13. 120-001 Instruction Manual KPG Tools and Accessories with each temperature recorder 1. 751-006 Stylus Arm Hex Wrench 10. 11213-003 Universal Joint Sub 5. 706-077 O-Rings (10) 3. 10130-402 Charts. 10128-001 Chart Mandrel 5. 10130-101 Charts. 10011-001 Oil Trap 4. 10230-001 Calibration Adapter 6. 150-001 Calibration Table 12. 10003-001 Wire Line Socket 2. 10010-001 Bellows Guard 3. 10162-101 Inner Housing Wrench 8. 120-001 Instruction Manual KPG Tools and Accessories with each pressure element 1. 10016-101 Carrying Plug 4. 959-075 Outer Housing Wrench (2) 11. Hi-Temp. 915-001 Thread Lube 14. 10130-402 Charts. 10011-004 Oil Trap Plug 5. 770-001 Steel Rule (6 inch) 7. 10016-101 Carrying Plug 7. 8011-103 Time Scale (plastic) 8. Stainless (25)-optional 10. 10013-001 Thermometer Well 6. black. 959-075 Outer Housing Wrench (2) 9. 706-077 O-Rings (10) 3. 10254-001 Carrying Case 9. 10024-101 Labyrinth Oil Trap 2. 11150-102 No-Blow Tool 11. 10325-00’7 Recorder Housing (calibration) 12. 10142-101 Stylus Tension Tester 4. 10008-001 Stylus Shaft Guard 2. 10041-004 Tandem Sub 3.

919-101 Clock Rinse Solution ½ oz.092 dia. 2 961-001 Pin Vise 1 978-001 Pliers 12 775-001 Polishing Paper 2 938-001 Oilers 1 1996-002 Optivisor 1 1996-001 Optiloupe 4 984-001 Brushes 3 875-001 Files 1 1099-104 Mainspring Winder 1 gal. .060 dia. d) type of wire. standard. 910 –101 Instrument Oil 550 Ultrasonic Cleaner Part # 1992-101 1992-102 1992-103 1992-202 1992-203 Description____________________ 5-3/8” x 5 3/8” x 3 Small 110V 6” x 5-3/8” x 4 Medium 110V 9-3/8” x 5-3/8”x 4 Large 110V 6” x 5-3/8” x 4” Medium 220V 9-3/8” x 5-3/8”x4 Large 220V Measuring Line Reels Wire Line Hoists Rugged and dependable wire line hoists designed to match the petroleum industry requirements. feet or meters h) weight indicator. 15 or 20hp (nom) c) wire size: . 10. Options available are: a) offshore or land type: skid or trailer mounted b) gasoline or diesel: 7. kilograms or pounds 15 .000 to 24.082.000 feet (. 917-101 Clock Cleaner Solution 1 gal. direct or three speed gear box transmission g) measuring device. galvanized.060.) f) hydraulic or mechanical linkage. 4 oz.Clock Maintenance Equipment Q-ty Part # Description____ 3 966-001 Screwdriver Set 1 968-002 Screwdriver 2 983-001 Tweezers 1 10245-001 Vise 2 973-001 Hammer. 072. stainless e) reel capacity 10. .5. Brass 1 971-002 Hammer.

hose. complete: Part No. RPG-4 and K-3 gauges. The bellows repair kit is easily used to clean and refill the bourdon tube and bellows. 903-101 Lubricators Alloy steel for pressures up to 15. RPG-4 and K-3 gauges..10233-101 220V. Bellows Repair Kit and Vacuum Pump: 115V.10233-102 Bellows Repair Kit Damaged bellows must be replaced to prevent corrosion of the instrument and to maintain accuracy. line switch. 50/60hz Part #.000 psi. Includes vacuum pump with waste trap. 60hz Part # . 10231-101 with 2 spare bottles. RPG-3. 110 or 220 VAC. 50/60kz belt guard. Complete lubricator includes: a) Stuffing box b) Grease control head c) Grease injection unit d) Risers and unions e) Bleed off valve f) Blowout preventer g) Tooltraps 16 . Use with good vacuum pump. RPG3. 2 sets o-rings. Bellows Repair Kit. Bellows and Bourdon Tube Fluid Part No.Bellows Repair Kit with Vacuum Pump The complete equipment for the replacement of bellows in KPG. connector hose. For KPG. . bellows repair kit.

IMPORTANT: 1. DISASSEMBLY-ASSEMBLY PROCEDUR FOR CLOCK CLEANING: 1. Unscrew two escapement-holding screws. 2. 3. Screw clock onto gauge 4. Never use rinse that contains a lubricant. After disassembly all components should be cleaned in an ultrasonic cleaner with L&R NOFOME cleaning solution (p/n 917-101) and then rinsed in clean denaturated alcohol. LOADING CLOCK TO THE GAUGE: 1. 3. Wind up clock ccw fully 2. The clock is fully wound and runs full duration in the oven at 400F. Tap them out on table 5. The HP KPG mainspring arbor rotates 15 times during its total elapsed clock hours. Unscrew two cross screws from the top plate 4. Other lubricants will break down at high temperatures leaving hard deposits and gum that will stop the clock and sometime be impossible to remove. Push winding knob down and turn it ccw to lock down. When the clocks are fully wound. unscrew last two screw from the top plate 17 . Unscrew two set-screws from the clock cover. NOTE: For geothermal applications we recommend to disassemble and clean clocks after each run. you will note that there will be extra turns (overwind). do not use any lubricant other than Kuster K-TOX (p/n 911-202). Holding top plate to clock frame. pushing down at turning cw Each Kuster HP Clock is tested before shipment. 2.HP Clock Operation and Maintenance. For operation over 250F (121C). Release the clutch. These lubricants are not intended for use at elevated temperatures. Clocks should always be fully wound to ensure that the train receives sufficient torque (power) to compete its time cycle accurately.

then slide on the top plate. Oil the escapement assembly top and bottom pivot points (3 points on each side) 14. Continue to hold upper plate at the frame with your left hand and holding the clutch with your right hand little finger from unwinding. counting the winds. 18. 15. clean and lubricate them before they replaced back. Clean all the parts in the ultrasonic clock cleaner for about 2 min 11. wind it up back fully. 13. Check all the gears for the end-play 20. Check the clearance on balance wheel pivots and adjust if necessary. Grease the one fork entrance pallet. That would mean that 6 winds had completely winded down and the total amount of winds you put on clock would equal 30 (see Kuster clock total winds table below). Very careful with hairspring. Coils should be evenly spaced 18 . Check all the bearings. Check all the gears with the loupe for nicks. If they do not. Assemble clocks starting with all the gears. then put two screws for escapement.6. 21. 19. Put 6 winds on upper clutch and let it run down. In ideal case the amount of additional winds you are going to get is 30 for 3-hour clock. turn the assembly 180° and tap the upper plate off the frame. Rinse them for about 2 min 12. When clock stops. (Better dry escapement assembly with the heat). 7. Check escapement assembly with a loupe for problems and replace all damaged parts 10. First 5-10 minutes of galloping is normal. Cover the top plate with the frame (bottom). Dry the parts out with low-pressure air. They should turn freely and smoothly. dings and dents 8. without touching each other. 16. 9. 17. First put four screws for the top plate. Check the condition of hairspring. put the screws in. Observe the motion of the clock and listen to it normal work.

Most probable problems are: a) Escapement wheel teeth worn out b) One of the jewels on the escapement is broken In both cases escapement replacement is required. and no further lubrication is necessary. In this case you need to troubleshoot escapement more than anything else.Clock hours Total Winds. 19 . wipe off thoroughly and run in ultrasonic cleaner. Grease ratchet (2-3 dabs on ratchet teeth). having 4 unwinds on it. arbor flats (one very dub on each flat) and thrust washer in barrel cap (2-3 dabs). they run only 2 winds and then stopped. If clock is ever flooded remove mainsprings from tandem shells. average 3 30 12 30 24 25 72 22 120 20 360 18 Note: Any KPG gauge needs only 15 winds for full lead screw travel. that would mean that after you put 6 winds on the clock. Just prior to reassembly they should be wiped with a clean rag and alcohol. 23. They have a special low friction coating on them. let the clock completely run down and put them aside for a new survey. If everything is normal. 24. 22. If you don’t get nominal winds but for example 26.

7. Pull the carrier-stylus assembly from the inner housing Pull the stylus assembly from the carrier-stylus assembly. 5. 10. Move carrier assembly back to clock. Remove the plastic or paper cover from the chart Connect inner housing to the pressure element housing and tighten it up 2. Put inner housing in horizontal position and take the inner housing cover off Remove the transportation wood block from the inner housing. Put recording section cover back 14. In vertical position fill oil trap with oil and connect it along with thermometer well to the pressure element section. 13. Load the chart. 12. 20 . Release stylus (put in “on” position) 16.Detailed Assembly-Disassembly procedure: Gauge Assembly: 1. 6. Slide carrier assembly to the clock side until it stops 15. Put carrier-stylus assembly into the inner housing 11. (if you look from the element section) Adjust it if needed. 8. unscrew carrier-stylus assembly from the transportation plug. 3. Install stylus assembly onto the end of stylus shaft and tighten it up. Draw the base line. Plug oil trap (don’t forget to take it off at the well site) and put aside. 9. sliding carrier assembly towards element section until it stops. Slide carrier assembly back to the clock side and be sure that the stylus is just (within 1/16”) on the right side of the center. 17. 4. Put stylus in “off” position 18.

19. clean it and put aside 10. lock it and unscrew clock from the inner housing. Inspect carrier and stylus assembly. 23. Remove inner housing from the gauge 9. Connect clock to the inner tube 21. Unscrew stylus assembly from the shaft 7. Remove recording section outer housing from the gauge 3. Unlock the clock clutch (engage with carrier assembly) 22. Install outer housing onto recording section and tighten it up. Remove chart from the chart carrier. Wind up the clock and lock the clock clutch 20. 15. and clean it 21 . If it is dirty clean it and dry it 13. It is supposed to be 4-3/8” for 1-1/4” gauge and 5” for 1-1/2” gauge. Put protective caps on pressure terminal section and put aside 14. Put gauge in the vise (preferably vertical vise with gauge protective inserts) 2. 5. Remove carrier-stylus assembly from the inner housing 8. Remove oil trap and thermometer well from the gauge 11. Disconnect clock clutch. Check the length of the bellows. Inspect. Remove cover from the inner housing 6. Put stylus in “on” position and fix it in that position by turning the lockring. 12. Gauge Disassembly: 1. Put stylus in ‘off’ position 4. Check the bellows for leak and damage.

Install transportation plug on inner housing 18. Slide carrier assembly towards pressure element and install transportation wood block into the inner housing 20. 22 . Install inner housing cover back. Tight stylus assembly on transportation plug 19.16. Put carrier-stylus assembly into inner housing 17.

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