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A Brief overview of the region
By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science . Department Of Computer Science Sir Syed University Of Engineering And Technology Karachi Mohammad Sharif Wali Baltistani Brief Introduction: Student Department Of Computer Science SSUET Karachi GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi.2 GILGIT-BALTISTAN Research and Composed By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Baltistani.
was formerly known as the Northern Areas . or the Line of Control as it later came to be called. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science . China to the northeast.000. as different from the disputed areas of Kashmir. the Baltistan District of the Ladakh Wazarat.It is the northernmost political entity within the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. The territory became a single administrative unit in 1970 under the name "Northern Areas" and was formed by the amalgamation of the Gilgit Agency. The Pakistani Govt. one year after the independence of Pakistan and called the Pakistani Govt. The Pakistani parts of Kashmir to the north and west of the cease-fire line established at the end of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. Jammu and Kashmir. History: Before the independence of Pakistan and the partition of India in 1947. The territory.174 mi²) and has an estimated population approaching 1. Maharaja Hari Singh extended his rule to Gilgit and Baltistan. the people of the region has been demanding their basic rights. which does not constitutionally form part of Pakistan proper.971 km² (28. in its entirety. has been failed to take proper action over the situation of this remote region. After the partition. the Pakistani-administered state of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) to the south. but the Pakistani Govt.000. It borders Afghanistan to the north. the people of this region got the independence from the Dogra Raj in 1948. to take control of the region.971 km²) in the north and the Pakistani GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi. and the states of Hunza and Nagar. but couldn’t give proper citizenship rights to the people.3 Gilgit-Baltistan is a non-self-governing territory under Pakistani control. With its administrative center at the town of Gilgit. Gilgit-Baltistan covers an area of 72. remained an independent state. took control of the region. were divided into the Northern Areas (72. and the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast. After more than sixty years.
in turn. China's Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang to the northeast.297 km²) in the south. Geography Gilgit-Baltistan borders the Wakhan corridor of Afghanistan to the northwest." by creating. It granted self-rule to the people of the former Northern Areas. Astore. and the five Gilgit districts of Gilgit. The government of Pakistan accepted the request took control of the territory's administration as its first appointed political agent. Diamer. fails to give proper seats in the National Assembly and Senate. The new state asked the government of Pakistan to provide it with necessary assistance with which to conduct its affairs. Amongst the highest mountains are K2 (Mount Godwin-Austen) and Nanga Parbat. Ghizer. and Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province to the west. among other things. The region is home to some of the world's highest mountain ranges—the main ranges are the Karakoram and the western Himalayas. was passed by the Pakistani cabinet and later signed by the President.4 state of Azad Kashmir (13. But the govt couldn’t provide particular attention to the region. The Pamir mountains are to the north. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science . Gilgit-Baltistan was a major destination for foreign tourists. Autonomous status and present-day Gilgit-Baltistan On 29 August 2009. and Hunza-Nagar. But it will be another big joke to the local people if the Govt. the latter being one of the most feared mountains in the world. because it is home to five of the "eight-thousanders" and to more than fifty peaks above 7000 meters. Subdivisions: Gilgit-Baltistan is administratively divided into two divisions which. GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi. The name "Northern Areas" was first used by the United Nations to refer to the northern areas of Kashmir. including the two Baltistan districts of Skardu and Ghanche. are divided into seven districts. The main political centers are the towns of Gilgit and Skardu. Until the war in North-West Pakistan. as it did not have the necessary administrative infrastructure of its own. The people of this remote region were liberated from the Dogra regime of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir on 1 November 1947 without any external assistance and then became citizens of a self-liberated and very short-lived independent state. Gilgit and Skardu are the two main hubs for expeditions to those mountains. the Indian-controlled state of Jammu and Kashmir to the south and southeast. the Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order 2009. an elected legislative assembly. Several political parties has been ruling the country. the Pakistani-controlled state of Azad Jammu and Kashmir to the south. especially serious mountaineers. but still this region is far beyound the other parts of the country. now renamed "Gilgit-Baltistan. and the Hindu Kush lies to the west.
657 10.and Domaaki.925 120. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science . Regions: The Federally Administered Northern Areas is divided into two divisions--the Baltistan Division and the Gilgit Division--which together comprise seven districts. is spoken by the entire population of Baltistan. and religious groups.300 Population (1998) 88.635 39. ethnic. The Balti dialect.848 71.400 18. spoken mainly in Gilgit.000 8.971 970.347 Area (km²) 9. Minor languages spoken in the region include Wakhi. At the last census (1998). People who live in Gilgit-Baltistan. due in part to the many isolated valleys separated by some of the world's highest mountains.666 131. a sub-dialect of Ladakhi and part of Tibetan language group.347.324 Headquarters Khaplu Skardu Gorikot Chilas Gahkuch Gilgit Demographics The population consists of many diverse linguistic. understood by most male inhabitants. throughout Diamer.5 Data About The area and Population: Division Baltistan District Ghanche Skardu Gilgit Astore Diamir Ghizar Gilgit Hunza-Nagar Gilgit-Baltistan total 7 districts 72. Khowar Burushaski . and in some parts of Ghizer. do not speak Kashmiri or any of its dialects. the population of Gilgit-Baltistan was 870.366 214. despite that region's being referred to as part of Kashmir.218 383.Approximately 14% of the population was urban. Urdu is the lingua franca of the region. The Shina language (with several dialects) is the language of 40% of the population. Baltistan Region GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi.936 9.
Askole is the last settlement in the district for all treks to Concordia (the confluence of the Baltoro Glacier and the Godwin-Austen Glacier). the Ghizar District to the north and northwest. and the Skardu District to the south and southeast. The major town is Karimabad (actually a grouping of five to six smaller villages). the Xinjiang autonomous region of (China) to the north and northeast. Hunza-Nagar District – The Hunza-Nagar District is a newly formed district which was previously part of the Gilgit District. the sub-range of the Karakoram. and to the south is the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. to the north and northwest is the Skardu District. To its east is the Leh District of Ladakh. Gakuch is the administrative center of the Ghizar District. Gilgit Division The Gilgit Division now consists of five districts: • Astore District – The Astore District was recently carved out of the Diamir District. The district encompasses the Hunza and Nagar valleys. The Astore District is bounded by the Diamir District to the west and the Skardu District to the east. northeast is Aksai Chin. Chilas is the administrative center of the Diamir District. Gilgit is one of the two major hubs in the Northern Areas for all mountaineering expeditions to the peaks of the Karakoram and the Himalayas. and by the Gilgit District to the east. by the Diamir District to the south and southeast. surrounded on all • • • GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi. The administrative center of the Ghanche District is Khaplu. to the west is the Astore District. Gilgit town is the administrative center of the Gilgit District. the Northern Areas was divided into five districts. west. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science .6 The Baltistan Region consists of two districts: • Skardu District – Skardu town is the administrative center of the Skardu District. Ghizar District – The Ghizar District is the westernmost district of the Northern Areas. and the Gilgit District to the north and northeast. It is bound by Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province on three sides (north. (China). The Hushe valleys form the gateway to the great Baltoro Muztagh. The administrative center of the Astore District is Astore town and it includes many villages in the Astore valley. Previously. • Diamir District – The Diamir District is the district where the Karakoram Highway enters the Northern Areas from Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province. A small strip of Ghizar District (roughly 35 x 12 km) is sandwiched between the North-West Frontier Province and the Wakhan Corridor of (Afghanistan). Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province to the south and southwest. and south). Skardu is the district where the Indus River enters the Northern Areas from the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir at the Kharmang Side. Gilgit District – The Gilgit District is bounded by the Wakhan Corridor of (Afghanistan) to the north. • Ghanche District – The Ghanche District is the easternmost district of Baltistan. The Diamir District is bounded by the Astore District to the east.
China. once a minor Silk Road route. flights are often delayed by several days. and is the last major town along the Karakoram Highway before entering China. are subject to weather clearance.Home to some of the World's highest mountain peaks. but mostly the 4wd jeeps are used. Hunza is approximately 100 km from Gilgit. glaciers. and the flight is one of the most scenic flights in the world. connects Islamabad to Gilgit and Skardu. as its route passes over Nanga Parbat. The journey from Islamabad to Gilgit takes approximately 20-24 hours. • Skardu . lakes. and the peak of the mountain is higher than the aircraft's cruising altitude. Get in: By plane Arrive in Islamabad. By road The Karakoram Highway. and.397 feet). The flying time is approximately 50 minutes. which are the two major hubs for mountaineering expeditions in the Northern Areas.7 sides by glorious mountain peaks. The Nagar Valley and the Hoper Glacier are situated a dizzying 40-minute drive from Karimabad. in winters. however. but bulldozers usually clear the road in a short time. and the valley lives up to that reputation. The KKH connects Gilgit to Taxkorgan and Kaxgar in Xinjiang. GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi. PIA also offers regular flights on Being 737s between Skardu and Islamabad. Pakistan International Airlines offers daily flights between Gilgit and Islamabad. Karimabad . foremost amongst which is Rakaposhi. Get around By Bus NATCO (the Northern Areas Transport Corporation) offers bus and jeep transport service to the two hubs and to several other popular destinations. via Sust (the customs and health inspection post on the Pakistan side of the border) and the Khunjerab Pass.693 metres (15. forts.supposedly the setting for James Hilton's Shangri-La. and glaciers in the area. museums and resorts. Landslides on the Karakoram Highway are not uncommon. Cities: • • Gilgit is the major town along the Karakoram Highway before entering China. All flights. nestled below Golden Peak. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science . By Car: The visitors can use local vans. the highest paved international border crossing in the world at 4. jeeps and car for visiting different areas of the region.
Katzura Tso Lake in Skardu . several high-altitude lakes in Gilgit Baltistan: • Sheotsar Tso Lake in Byarsa Thang/Deosai Plains Baltistan • Satpara Tso Lake in Skardu . there are few places in the world that could compare with Gilgit. the Karakorams and the Hindukush K2 (Mount Godwin-Austen) . Pre-historic men and animal figures are carved on rocks along Kachura Lake. Himalayas.world's secondhighest mountain peak. There are. Rama A lake in this region offers an awe-inspiring view of the eastern side of Nanga Parbat. Karakoram and Hindukush Deosai National Park and Khunjerab National Park • • • • • • • • Lakes: Three of the world's longest glaciers outside the polar regions are found in Gilgit-Baltistan — the Biafo Glacier.8 Other destinations: • • Fairy meadows is a point where world's three famous mountain ranges meet .the Himalayas. 8126 meters high. Shangrila Resort in Skardu Valley is a place of bliss. Singal This spot in the Punial valley offers ideal trout fishing opportunities. delight and peace Shigar Fort in the shigar valley of Skardu district. Rock carvings Dating back to 8th century AD. angler. a huge Buddha figure surrounded by small Buddhisatvas is carved on a rock. hiker. Also visit K2 Museum located in the Skardu near K2 Motel.Baltistan • • Gangchie Tso Lake in Kharmang Valley –Baltistan.Baltistan GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi. Some rock carvings and diagram of a monastery near Perkuta (Mehdi Abad) Nalah are also found. For the adventure-loving tourist. Punial Sher Qila is the main village of the picturesque Punial valley. three kilometres from Skardu across Sadpara Nullah on Skardu-Sadpara Road. in addition. and the Batura Glacier. art-lover. mountaineer or polo enthusiast. the Baltoro Glacier. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science .
Gilgit Kromber Lake In Kromber Pass .Gilgit Mountains Eighteen of the fifty highest peaks in the world are located in the Northern Areas.047 m. • 1 K2.Baltistan Bara Tso Lake in Gangche . 5 Gasherbrum II. 13th-highest in the world at 8.821 m. 11 Batura Sar. 10 Masherbrum . 11th-highest in the world at 8.9 • • • • • • • • Zharba Tso Lake in Shigar .Gilgit Rush Lake near Nagar . 15 Chogolisa 36th-highest in the world at 7. 4 Broad Peak.795 m. 17th-highest in the world at 7.611 m. 7 Gasherbrum VI.Baltistan Borith Lake in upper Hunza .884 m. 9 Khunyang Chhish. • 2 Nanga Parbat. 8 Distaghil Sar. 2nd-highest in the world at 8. .932 m. 27th-highest in the world at 7.946 m.788 m.Baltistan Byarsa Tso Lake in Gultari .760m. 14 Saltoro Kangri 31st-highest in the world at 7.26th-highest in the world at 7.21st-highest in the world at 7823 m.Gilgit Rama Lake near Astore . 12 Kanjut Sar .22nd-highest in the world at 7. 15th-highest in the world at 7. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi. 9th-highest in the world at 8. 12th-highest in the world at 8. 19th-highest in the world at 7. 13 Rakaposhi.080 m.125 m • • • • • • • • • • • • • 3 Gasherbrum I. 25th-highest in the world at 7.742 m.035 m 6 Gasherbrum III.Baltistan Phoroq Tso Lake in Skardu .498 m.
Karakoram and Hindukush.39 sq km. Jasmine tours Concordia Expeditions Summit Karakoram Baltistan tours PIA Holidays • • • • • Glaciers: Three of the world's seven longest glaciers outside the polar regions are also in the Northern Areas. has a surface area of 1291. Sports: Polo is the favourite game of the people of Gilgit. Skardu: GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi. Chilas. Every year.611 m. fed by some 30 tributaries. is 58 km in length. and volleyball are also played. the Baltoro Glacier. and the Batura Glacier. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science . many tourists visit to enjoy polo in Gilgit Baltistan. gulli danda. too.10 • • • 16 Shispare 38th-highest in the world at 7. Hunza.577 m. Astore. The Batura.910 ft) to form an ice corridor 116. and the surrounding areas.87 km (72 mi) long. the Biafo Glacier. Tours: • • • Karakoram Treks & Tours Hindukush Trails Karakoram Explorers offers tours to Himalayas.16 meters (16. The Hispar (53 km) joins the Biafo at the Hispar La (5154. 17 Trivora 39th-highest in the world at 7. kabbadi. The Siachin Glacier is 75 km.545 m. Other games such as cricket. The most outstanding of these rivers of ice is the 62 km Baltoro. 18 Skyang Kangri 44th-highest in the world at 7. This large glacier.
etc.11 Skardu is the principal town of the region Baltistan and the capital of Skardu District. Nagholispang etc. due to the close proximity of Baltistan to the respective regions. The town is surrounded by greybrown coloured mountains. to the right hand side is the older Purana Bazaar. Skardu appears remote. Khache-drong. with hundreds of shops offer almost everything (trekking supplies. the quarter behind Naya Bazaar.000 metre peaks of the nearby Karakoram range. which hide the 8. many other ethnic groups are present in Skardu including Shins. Pashtuns. Sher-thang. Kushu-bagh. Due to this strong presence. To the west one finds Yadgar Chowk (with local monument) and from there. The crowded streets are mainly populated by Balti Tibetans and many of the local neighbourhoods (mohallahs) have names that reflect this too (i. but the mixture of people here make it colourful and ethnically diverse. Olding. Skardu is situated at an altitude of nearly 2. Kazmi Bazaar. Pakora. However. souvenirs. Since the creation of Pakistan people of various ethnicities from various regions of Pakistan have emigrated here. Hunzakuts and even Uyghur.200 feet). The Skardu District include. at the confluence of the Indus river (flowing from near Kailash in Tibet and through neighbouring Ladakh before reaching Baltistan) and the Shigar River. one of the districts making up Pakistan's Northern Areas. Khar-drong.). • • • • Subdivision Kharmang Subdivision Shigar Subdivision Rondu Subdivision Skardu The town and the local people: The town has developed along the main road passing through it and to either side of this road is situated the New Bazaar (Naya Bazaar). Skardu is located in the 10 km wide by 40km long Skardu Valley.). Travelling west from Naya Bazaar is a polo ground and next to that. Thsethang. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science . local goods. Skardu has sometimes been referred to as the little Tibet of Pakistan. GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi.e. dusty town at first glance. Punjabis.500 m (8.
The mountains also block out the summer monsoon and summer rainfall is thus quite low. This includes the Balti-Tibetans. Tibet. The name Kharpochhe means the great fort — Khar in Tibetan means castle or fort and Chhe means great. The lowest temperature of the year can reach -25°C. During the April to October tourist season. who converted from Tibetan Buddhism in the 16th century (the only sizeable group of Tibetans to have undergone such a conversion). India. temperatures vary between a maximum of 27°C and a minimum (in October) 8°C.was part of Ladakh province. The fort was built by Rmakpon dynasty rulers of Baltistan and it was a seven storey building. Kharphocho (Skardu) fort was built on a design similar to that of Leh Palace and the Potala Palace in Lhasa. It was burnt down by Sikhs in the 18th Century CE. However. Skardu Fort (Kharphocho Fort): Skardu Fort or Kharphocho Fort lies on the eastern face of the Khardrong or Mindoq-Khar ("Castle of Queen Mindoq") hill 15 metres or 40 feet above Skardu town.before 1948 . Weather and climate The climate of Skardu during the summer is moderated by its mountain setting and the intense heat of lowland Pakistan does not reach here. The language is a dialect of the Tibetan language. The fort provides a panoramic view of Skardu town.12 All the above ethnic groups are devout Muslims. Shia Islam has a strong presence in Skardu. in the Northern Areas of Pakistan and adjoining parts of Ladakh. The fort dates from the 8th Century CE and contains an old mosque probably dating back to the arrival of Islam in the 16th Century CE. the Skardu valley and the Indus River. Baltistan . It is mutually intelligible with Ladakhi and Burig. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science . Many of the consonants that are silent in most modern Tibetan dialects are pronounced in Balti. However. temperatures can drop to below -10°C in the Decemberto-January midwinter period. Balti dialect Balti is a language spoken in Baltistan. Kharmang: GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi. these mountains result in very severe winter weather.
The people of Kharmang took part in this war and helped the Pakistani army while supplying ammunition.northernareas.Shikh Ali Najafi (Marhoom).com http://thenews. http://www.com. food and shelter.pk/default. 5. Sheikh Ghulam Muhammad Gharvi (Marhoom). http://dailytimes.asp?id=197679 6. Its identity is that the whole region is consist of 100% from the Shiyan-e-Ali a. TRIBAL AND NORTHERN AREAS OF PAKISTAN: CASE OF CONSTITUTIONAL NEGLECT! Presentation at SZABIST.htm 7. "Cabinet approves ‘Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order 2009’" 29 August 2009 Associated Press of Pakistan 2.pk/print1. out of all Syed Asad Shah Zaidi (Shaheed).pdf. 8.tv/9-29-2009/49958. the local people classify the people in two categories i.s. The literacy rate of the Kharmang valley is also better than the other valleys of Baltistan.com. religious leaders and the rules followed by the people strictly to their faith. References: 1. By: Mohammad Sharif Wali Student BS Computer Science .jang.asp?page=2006\11\01\story_1-11-2006_pg7_28 3.geo. Tariq Hassan on 30 March 2009 GILGIT BALTISTAN SSUET Karachi. that’s why the so called Kargil war between Pakistan and India was actually fought in this valley. the lovers of Ahl-ul-Bait and their enemies. Professor Saleem are well known. Special Report on Kargil"] The Herald (Pakistan) The wikipedia.e. Islamabad Campus by Dr.pk/nassd/soed_pdf/ppe13. We feel proud that we have world class leaders. Kharmang locate with the Boundary to India. 4. The victims of the war were 95 % from this region and many small valleys wiped from the globe. http://www. Kharmang is known for its scholars.org.13 The Kharmang valley is an integral Part of the district Skardu of Gilgit Baltistan.
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