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INDIAN NOTES

AND MONOGRAPHS

A SERIES OF PUBLICATIONS RELATING TO THE AMERICAN ABORIGINES

TWO LENAPE STONE MASKS
FROM PENNSYLVANIA AND NEW JERSEY
BY

ALANSON SKINNER

NEW YORK

E
'51

M1TSEUU

THE AMERICAN INDIAN HEYE FOUNDATION
OI*

1920

.1393 no. 3

NMAIREF

HEYE FOUNDATION Vol. No. 15. Vol. Saville. Ecuador: A Pre- liminary Report. with discussion of similar objects elsewhere. Vol. 1: No. By Marshall H. $25. 3. 50c. 50c. Reprinted from Amer. 50c. Vol. 15. 1. 4: Porto Rican Elbow-stones in the Heye Museum. 1913. No. $25. No. HEYE EXPEDITION CONTRIBUTIONS TO SOUTH AMERICAN ARCHAEOLOGY Vol. Saville. 1919. By Marshall H. Saville. printed.00. AnthropoL. By J. AnthropoL. 1907. 2 The Antiquities of Manabi. By Theodoor de Booy. with some Account of the Occurrence of the Custom in other parts of North and South America. No. 3. By Marshall H. AnthropoL. By Theodoor de Booy. Walter Fewkes. . 2: Precolumbian Decoration of the Teeth in Ecuador.) 50c. No. 15. 1913. No.00. 3: Certain Ritchen-middens in Jamaica. Vol. CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE MUSEUM OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN. 1913. 3. 15. Final 1910. Reprinted from Amer. {ReNo.Publications of the Museum of the American Indian.1 The Antiquities of Manabi. 1 Lucayan Artifacts from the Bahamas. Reprinted from Amer. Heye Foundation THE GEORGE G. Vol. Ecuador: Report. 1913. Reprinted from Amer AnthropoL.

INDIAN NOTES AND MONOGRAPHS A SERIES OF PUBLICATIONS RELATING TO THE AMERICAN ABORIGINES TWO LENAPE STONE MASKS FROM PENNSYLVANIA AND NEW JERSEY BY ALANSON SKINNER NEW YORK MUSEUM OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN HEYE FOUNDATION 1920 .

and uniform with Hispanic published Notes and Monographs.This series of is Indian Notes and Mono- graphs devoted primarily to the publica- tion of the results of studies by members of the staff of the Indian. which organization Museum in cordial cooperation. . the by with is Hispanic Society of this America. Museum of the American is Heye Foundation.

TWO LENAPE STONE MASKS FROM PENNSYLVANIA AND NEW JERSEY BY ALANSON SKINNER .

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SKINNER— LENAPE MASK -mm MSmSSKr LENAPE STONE MASK FROM PENNSYLVANIA .

a settlement destroyed by Continental soldiers under Colonel Hartley in 1778. since this feature is in imitation of a familiar type of false-face. because it place for Indian hostiles had been a rallying and Tories. was washed out by a freshet on the site of the Lenape or Delaware Indian village of Wyalusing. is lolling further evidence of historic origin. grimacing face THE mask shown in pi. with its on the Susquehanna. the well-known Iroquois INDIAN NOTES . i. The face of the having been tongue mask shows evidence of made with the aid of both and its its stone and metallic tools.TWO LENAPE STONE MASKS FROM PENNSYLVANIA AND NEW JERSEY By Alanson Skinner and protruding tongue.

INDIAN NOTES .LENAPE While the exact use has been put the is to which this object in doubt. In the annual ceremony this personage is reprc sented by a shaman wearing a heavy wooden mask. ii) was collected by Rev. Dr William R. Only a few Lenape masks or heads of The finest of these was found at Grasmere. and is now in the Museum of the Staten Island Institute of Another came from and a third from Monmouth county in the same state. Trenton. Staten Island. stone are known. Heye Foundation. New many years ago. New Jersey. York. specimens of both of which are to be seen in the Museum of the Ameri can Indian. Arts and Sciences. No doubt this object from Wyalusing represents one or the other of these deities. it is known that modern Lenape Indians still possess wooden dolls which they style ^^guardians of health" and to which annual sacrifices are made They to insure the welfare of the tribe also believe in a being called ''The Living Solid Face/' of the forest who controls the beasts and governs the chase. A crude face pecked in a bowlder (pi.

SKINNER — LENAPE MASK LENAPE STONE MASK FROM NEW JERSEY .

.

Heye Foundation. (1) Indians of Greater New York. Consult: Abbott. Washington. Wilson.STONE MASKS Blackie on Minisink island in upper Dela- and was presented by him to the the American Indian. 1898. Trenton. p... 52. AND MONOGRAPHS . A. Another of the same type was found also by Dr Blackie and is in the American Museum of Natural History. C. 32. p. Mass. 1915. City. 1913. 117. National Museum for 1896. ware river. Museum of New York p. Thomas. Cedar Rapids. Prehistoric Art. pi. Geological Survey of New Jersey. Skinner. C. Primitive Industry. 481. p. S. Salem. (2) Preliminary Report of the Archaeological Survey of New Jersey. 394. Annual Report of the U. Iowa. Bulletin P. 1881.

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No. 16. No. No. By Frank G. 1915.j Vol. J. 1 Exploration of a Munsee Cemetery near Montague. Vol. By Theodoor de Booy. Reprinted from Amer. 107. New Jersey. By J. 50c. Venezuela. 50c. 7: Prehistoric Objects from a Shell-heap No.00. 50c.00. 2.No. No. 2 Engraved Celts from the Antilles. By 1915. Saville. No. 9: Pottery from Certain Caves in Eastern Santo Domingo. By Theodoor de Booy. Reprinted from Amer. Reprinted from Amer. Anthropol. British West Indies. $1. By J. No. 50c. No. Reprinted from Amer.. Soc. No. Note on the Archaeology of Chiriqui. Trinidad. 46. AnthropoL. No. 50c. 1916. N(t. 1916. 8: Relations of Aboriginal Culture and Environment in the Lesser Antilles. 5: Notes on the Archeology of Margarita Island. Grant MacCurdy. Walter Fewkes. No. 15. No. Amer. Vol. No. 17. 4: The Nanticoke Community of Delaware. 1915. 1915. 1914. Geogr. : : : y 28. 50c. 5: By George 50c. . Vol. Heye and George H. 9. Reprinted from Journ. Walter Fewkes. By Thomas Huckerby. Anihropol. By George G. Amer. 1. 6: Monolithic Axes and their Distribution in Ancient America. 50c. $1. By Theodoor de Booy. Speck. at Erin Bay. Pepper. 6: Petroglyphs of Saint Vincent. Reprinted from Bull. By Marshall H. 4. 1913. 1915. No. 2 No. West Indies. Vol. Vol. 1914. AnthropoL. Walter Fewkes. 3 Certain West Indian Superstitions Pertaining to Celts. Folk-Lore Vol. 1914. 2. 16. 50c.

1917.. NY 10461 .00. Certain Archeological Investigations in Trinidad. 1919. Vol. and of the Eastern Indians in General.00. $1. Ftesearoh M01 Bfuckiw Blvd.5 No. : By No. New York By Alanson Skinner. No.) $1. 50c. 1918. Vol. 1917. New York City Heye Nattonai feftusfti^vi of the Amaricsn tocteri Branch HmHtiaonlan Inot^utkm. Reprinted from Amer. William C. 19. $1.y Bull. 50c. By George G.50.^^. with added title-page and No. City. By George G. AnthropoL. Vol.00. Address : Museum of the American Indian. Heye. F.4 The Technique of Porcupine-Quill Decoration among the North American Indians. 3: The Nacoochee Mound in Georgia. and George H. No. 2: 1916. Pepper. W. No. (Bur. Reprinted from Holmes Anniversary Volume. By E. 50c. 2 The Dieguefio Ceremony of the DeathImages. By Theodoor de Booy. Davis. No. Bronx. of Amer. Marshall H. H. 3: Certain Mounds in Haywood County. Orchard. 1916. 4. . North Carolina.3 Physical Anthropology of the Lenape or Delawares. 1 : : A Letter of 1916. Broadway at 155th St. 1919. 1 cover. 50c.SMfTHSONIAN INSTfTUTION LIBRARIES 3 9088 01528 6073 Vol. Saville. Pedro de Alvarado Relating By to his Expedition to Ecuador [1534]. Ethnol. $1. Hodge. 4: Exploration of Aborigpal Sites at Throgs Neck and Clasons Point. Heye. 62. British West Indies. 1919. By Ales Hrdlicka. Foundation. No.

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