Colegiul National “Elena Ghiba Birta” Arad

Atestat la limba engleza World trade center

pg. 25 4.………………….1.………………….………………….. pg. LEASE ………………….. HISTORY………………….1. pg.. 4 CHAPTER 1: PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION…………………………………………… pg. pg. CONSTRUCTION …………………………………………………………………. 15 2. ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN ……………………………………………………. 18 2. OTHER BUILDINGS …………………………………………………….2. pg.………………….…………………. 24 4.………………….4. FEBRUARY 13.…………………. 10 1.……………… pg.…………………. 52 CONCLUSION …………………. NORTH AND SOUTH TOWERS…………………………………………………. AFTER MATH ………………….………………….3. 19 CHAPTER 3: LIFE AND EVENTS…………………………………………………….…..………………….…………………. 55 .…………………pg. 1975 FIRE ………………………………………………………. 15 2.3.…………… pg. ATTACKERS AND THEIR BACKGROUND ………………….…… …….………………….………… pg.3.4.…… pg.……………………….2.pg. CRITICISM………………………………………………………………………….………………….………………….……………… pg. 48 5. 2 INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………………… ………pg. pg. 20 3. 48 5. 17 2. 54 BIBLIOGRAPHY………………….…………………. ATTACK…………………. 32 4.……….…………………. 51 CHAPTER 6: WTC AMERICAN FLAGS ………………….………………………… pg.1. 38 4.. WINDOWS OF THE WORLD RESTAURANTS …………………………. 1993 BOMBING .4. 44 CHAPTER 5: REBUILDING ………………….………………….. TOP OF WORLD OBSERVATION DECK …………………………………..pg.………………….………………….………………….…………………. FEBRUARY 26..…………. pg.Contents FOREWORD ……………………………………………………………………………………………….pg.2. LONG-TERM EFFECTS ………………….1.……. pg.3.…………………. 23 CHAPTER 4: DESTRUCTION – SEPTEMBER 11 ATTACKS …………………. pg.…………………. pg. 21 3. CONTROVERSY AND CRITICISM …………………. 6 1. 12 1. 14 CHAPTER 2: COMPLEX ……………………………………………………………………………… pg. pg.………………………….1. STRUCTURAL DESIGN ……………………………………………….2.2. 21 3.. pg. pg. 8 1.…………… pg.

neither the reasons the attacks were planned and I also did not understood the reactions that the attacks brought together. the towers restored confidence and helped bring a halt to the decline of lower Manhattan. All in all. They were proof of New York's belief in itself. and grand. I have chosen the topic WORLD TRADE CENTER for my project in order to be able to elucidate a few things that did not remain too clear for me.Foreword The twin towers of the World Trade Center were more than just buildings. his need for individual dignity. his ability to find greatness. for example. “The World Trade Center is a living symbol of man's dedication to world peace. Built at a time when New York's future seemed uncertain. his beliefs in the cooperation of men. I did not know exactly the architectural details of the tower.” Minoru Yamasaki . a representation of man's belief in humanity. they quickly became symbols of New York. and. glitzy.. this project truly helped me to clarify my thoughts about this subject and to understand better the american life before and after the attacks.. Brash. through cooperation.

Memory Foundations.200.753 deaths. To gain approval for the project. 1973.Introduction The original World Trade Center was a complex with seven buildings featuring landmark twin towers in Lower Manhattan. the Port Authority decided to privatize the World Trade Center. The first new building at the site was 7 WTC. The complex was designed in the early 1960s by Minoru Yamasaki and Associates of Troy. Other World Trade Center buildings were built between 1975 and 1981. The complex opened on April 4. The Center experienced a fire on February 13. The second King Kong was filmed in 1976 with some scenes mentioning and showing the World Trade Center. established in November 2001 to oversee the rebuilding process. The North Tower was completed in December 1972 and the South Tower was finished in July 1973. with the attacks on the World Trade Center resulting in 2. United States. which was later used as landfill to build Battery Park City on the west side of Lower Manhattan. organized competitions to select a site plan and memorial design. 2001. followed a half-hour later by the North Tower. The Windows on the World restaurant was located on the 106th and 107th floors of the North Tower while the Top of the World observation deck was located on the 107th floor of the South Tower. New York City. Al-Qaeda-affiliated hijackers flew two 767 jets into the complex. the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey agreed to take over the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad.000 in 2012 dollars). which became the Port Authority Trans-Hudson. Groundbreaking for the World Trade Center took place on August 5. in a coordinated terrorist attack. The site is being rebuilt with five new skyscrapers and a memorial to the casualties of the attacks. were the tallest buildings in the world. although they did not collapse. The cost for the construction was $400 million ($2. only one skyscraper has been completed. In 1998. The construction project involved excavating a large amount of material. The twin 110-story towers used a tube-frame structural design. the original 1 and 2 World Trade Center. The final building constructed. The complex was located in the heart of New York City's downtown financial district and contained 13. known colloquially as the Twin Towers. 1993. and was destroyed in 2001 during the September 11 attacks. and a bombing on February 26. On the morning of September 11. 7 WTC collapsed later in the day and the other buildings. As of November 2011. leasing the buildings to a private company to manage.000. with four more expected to be completed before 2020. Michigan. 1975. which opened in May 2006. A sixth tower is still awaiting confirmation to be built. 7 WTC. One World Trade Center will be the lead building for the new complex and is expected to be finished by 2013. had to be demolished because they were damaged beyond repair. and Emery Roth and Sons of New York. the South Tower collapsed. The process of cleanup and recovery at the r site took eight months. and awarded the lease to Silverstein Properties in July 2001. After burning for 56 minutes. was built in 1985. 1966. At the time of their completion. designed by . one into each tower.4 million square feet 5 | P age of office space. The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation.

.Daniel Libeskind. three other high-rise office towers. and the National September 11 Memorial & Museum. The new World Trade Center complex will include One World Trade Center. was selected as the master plan. but this went through substantial changes in design.