The common word get is a challenge for learners of English because get has many different meanings.

CONJUGARE Get is the present tense form of the verb. Got is the past tense form as well as one of the two alternatives for the past participle. The other alternative for the past participle is gotten, which is generally preferred in the United States. Infinitive: to get Participle: got; gotten (U) Gerund: getting Indicative Present I get you get he gets we get you get they get Perfect Simple I have got; gotten (U) you have got; gotten (U) he has got; gotten (U) we have got; gotten (U) you have got; gotten (U) they have got; gotten (U)


Past I/you/she/he/it/we/they got Past Perfect I/ you/she/he/it/we/they had got; gotten (U) Future I/you/etc will get Future perfect I/etc will have got; gotten (U) Progressive (Continuous) Forms Present I am getting you are getting he is getting we are getting you are getting they are getting Perfect I have been getting you have been getting he has been getting we have been getting you have been getting they have been getting

Examples: I didn't get your e-mail message. a) One common meaning is receive. to get awake. to become. by almost any means. v. or position. to obtain as a price or reward. t. to get favor by kindness. to get wealth by industry and economy. -. condition. to win. a state. You didn't get any mail today. or bring one's self into. to be increased. to gain. to obtain. to gain possession of. To make acquisition. to come by. etc. To arrive at. we get a newspaper. to receive accessions. It's delivered to our house every morning. to profit. Are you sure you sent it? Yes. Leah got many nice presents on her birthday. to acquire. There was nothing in the mailbox. to come to be. 3 . to get beaten. as. [gĕt] To procure. to get elected. as. to get sober.Past I was getting you were getting he was getting we were getting you were getting they were getting Past perfect I/etc had been getting Get. to earn.with a following adjective or past participle belonging to the subject of the verb. to get land by purchase.

We're sorry to hear that Pierre has gotten sick.We're having a party on Friday to celebrate Ricardo's good luck: he got a wonderful new job! Salim had good luck. Examples: Mary left. but I didn't get it. Special Note Get is also common in the informal question Get it? This question is a shortened form of Do you get it? and means "Do you understand?" A common affirmative ( + ) answer for Get it? is Got it! Here. We all hope Pierre gets better soon! b) A third meaning (an informal. I get it now. 4 . "Got it" is also a shortened form-I've got it ( = 'I have it' = 'I understand'). I get sleepy when I eat a big lunch. Why do we have to be there 45 minutes early? This tape isn't very clear. a) Another meaning of GET is become. too. I know you thought Bob's joke was funny. I don't get it. She got tired of waiting. Examples: Question #36 is confusing. you'll get it. Do you get it? Thanks for explaining question #36. What happened? Why did you get angry? Have you heard about Flor? She got engaged! Flor and her fiancé will get married in the Spring. He got a very high score on the TOEFL. idiomatic one used mostly in casual conversation) is understand. but if you listen carefully.

Where did you get that dress? Will you stop at the store and get some milk? I'll get lunch this time. but I can't get it just now." get can also mean answer or respond to a ringing phone or someone who's at the door. I don't get it. I'd better get them. but I can get some on my way home. can you get a box of computer disks for me? e) GET can also mean retrieve something (and. but I'm not going to get it. If I give you the money." "become. to bring or take it or them to another place or person) Examples: The letter carrier just delivered the mail. You can pay the next time. Would you please get them for me? 5 . Examples: I got my new shoes at Charlie's Custom Footwear. d) Another common meaning is buy. Get your coat. I'm almost out of gas. We're ready to leave. I think I left my glasses on the kitchen table. Can you get it? I think I left my keys in the car. Can you get it? There's someone knocking on the front door. often.The negative answer "Get it?" is "No. Can you? I hear the doorbell. I don't" or "No." and (for casual conversation) "understand. Examples: The phone's ringing." c) Besides meaning "receive. I think it's a salesman.

Please get it before your father comes home. you left your bike in the driveway. do something after delaying it It's late. Here's one group: get along: manage (especially with finances) I don't know how Bill is getting along since he lost his job. Sarah gets along with her co-workers very well. Can you get them? f) Get is also challenging because it's used in many idiomatic expressions--particularly phrasal verbs and verb + preposition combinations. The rest of the groceries are in the car. but escape the blame or the negative consequences How did Bob get away with cheating on his exam? Didn't anyone see him? get back: return I know you're leaving on Thursday. take time off from one's normal routine or surroundings The police didn't catch the bank robbers. When are you going to get around to your homework? I'm really tired. get around to: finally do something. I didn't invite Jerry to the party. They got away. Look at the time! I'd better be getting along! get along (with): have a polite / friendly relationship (with someone) No. get away with: do something that usually results in blame or negative consequences. be on one's way. I'm going out of town for the weekend. get along: leave. I didn't get around to doing my homework until 3:00 AM. I really need to get away for a while. get away: escape.Jimmy. When will you get back? get back at (someone): take revenge on someone 6 . He and I don't get along.

etc. but they'll get by. get into: become very interested and involved in a topic or activity Since Martha got into body building. ship. etc. Jane. get back to (someone): contact someone again. She got in her car (her truck. She got back at him by refusing to take his phone calls.): escape a serious penalty 7 . a boat. but we'll do it tomorrow for sure. bus. she's been spending at least two hours a day at the gym. but I'm really busy and can't talk just now. get in: arrive I thought Bill's flight would be here by now. etc. Sheila isn't here. the verb is an -ing form: I didn't get around to doing my homework until 3:00 AM. get by: manage / survive under difficult circumstances Yes. I'll get back to you in about 15 minutes.Judy was very angry because her boyfriend forgot about their date. When are you going to get around to cleaning your room? We didn't get around to finishing the report today. When does it get in? get in: enter a small.)? get off (lightly. the taxi. Bob and his wife have been having a hard time since he lost his job. enclosed vehicle I hope you haven't been waiting long. enclosed vehicle No. Special Note Notice that when a verb is used with get around to. When did you get off the plane (train. cheaply. get off: leave a large. respond to a message Thanks for the call.) and left.

He got on his horse (donkey.00. get out of: not have to do something that was scheduled or required. bicycle. so we can get on with our work.) and rode quickly away.The bank robbers got off much too lightly: the judge sentenced them to only a year in prison. camel. in my opinion.) about 10 minutes ago. enclosed vehicle You just missed Bill and Frances. She got out of having to take the written part of her driver's license test. resume The computer network is functioning now. etc. I thought your speeding ticket would be much more than $30. etc. You got off very lightly. bicycle. bus. get on: mount (get on top of) a horse. motorcycle. end When do your classes get over? get over (someone): forget. get on with: continue. the verb is an -ing form: He got out of submitting a report on his trip. Jones told you it wasn't really necessary for you to make a report on your trip. Someone said that Mr. etc. enclosed vehicle Because he was lost. How did you get out of doing that? Special Note Note that when a verb follows get out of. etc. get over: finish. get out of: leave a small. ship. the boat.) and looked around for something that looked familiar. stop remembering 8 . He got out of having to pay a deposit for his telephone. get on: enter a large. he got out of his car (his truck. the taxi. They got on the plane (train.

" but stronger. but he'll get over it. so be very careful if you use them! Get real!: Be realistic! This idiom is used when someone seems naive. He says that early morning is cool and quiet and a good time to think about the day ahead. get over (something): recover from an illness. Yes.Bill thought he would never get over his first girlfriend. Some of these idioms are actually insults. "Get a life!" is like "Get real!. Do you know what the problem might be? get through with: finish. get rid of: discard Those shoes are falling apart! Why don't you get rid of them? get through: establish communication I've been trying to call Joe for three hours but I've never been able to get through. "Get real!" shows a negative opinion of another person's ideas and means something like "How could you believe that?" Get a life!: Don't be so naive! This idiom is also used when someone seems naive. Another group of idioms with get is used to show strong feelings or reactions. loss or disappointment James had a bad case of the flu. it took her several weeks to get over it. 9 . end What time do you get through with your classes today? get up: rise to a standing position Did you hurt yourself when you slipped and fell on the ice? Can you get up? get up: leave bed after waking He usually gets up at 5:00 AM. Fred is disappointed that he didn't pass the test.

Get to the point!: What do you really want? (Stop making "small talk" and say what you really want!) This idiom is a way of telling someone that you're tired of hearing him or her make "small talk" and want him or her to say what he/she really wants. the meaning of get to is something like arrive at. the meaning of get is difficult to explain and is best understood as part of the idioms. With friends. so leave!" Get a move on!: Hurry up! This idiom is used when someone seems to be "dawdling"--taking too long to do something. In both Get a move on! and Get the lead out!. Special Notes 1. 2. Get the lead out!: Stop delaying and do something! This idiom is like "Get a move on" but stronger. It means something like "I can't stand being with you. but it's similar to "Get real!" and "Get a life!" "Get with it!" is used as a reprimand for someone whose thinking or actions seem to be unacceptable or inappropriate. In Get a life!. Get with it!: Change your thinking or actions now! This idiom is difficult to "translate" exactly." he/she is irritated. Get lost!. the meaning of get is something like receive and in Get to the Point!." he/she is impatient. but most strangers would definitely consider these expressions to be insulting. and Get with it!. 3. 10 . "Get the lead out!. Be careful! These expressions are often used when someone is angry or irritated and can be understood as insults. "Get a move on!. the expressions are sometimes used to show strong surprise at someone's opinion or behavior. get means about the same thing as become: change from one state or situation to another one. In Get real!.It means something like "How could you be so naive that you believe that?" Get lost!: Go away! / Leave me alone! This idiom is a way of dismissing someone angrily. When someone says. When someone says.

When are you going to turn it in? ( = I haven't received = present perfect ) I haven't got your report. ( = I've received = present perfect ) I've got several letters. Examples: I've gotten several letters this week. You have got a sister. and they mean has or have. 11 >have got< I have got a brother. Affirmative sentences >have< I have a brother. ( = I don't have = simple present ) Special Note Many people think that gotten has an "ugly" sound and don't use it in present perfect tense. I've got a brother. ( = She's received = present perfect ) She's got high marks. ( = I have = simple present ) She's gotten high marks ever since she started school. received). not gotten. Instead. Also. . In American English. You didn't turn it in. but these two forms are actually used like the simple present tense. It's important to know this because has got and have got look like present perfect tense.g) Another use for GET is in the idiom has / have got. You have a sister. the preferred past participle (third form) for get is gotten when get is used in the present or past perfect tenses. they use got. they replace it with other words that have the same meaning (for example. ( = She has = simple present ) I haven't gotten your report yet. Theo. Theo.

You've got a nice room. He has got a cat. You have a nice room. You do not have a nice room. You have not got a nice room. They have got pets. He does not have a cat. She's got a dog. They've got pets. or We haven't got books. You don't have a nice room. We do not have books. He has a cat. or You haven't got a sister. It has not got Bluetooth. You don't have a sister. 12 >have got< I have not got a brother. I don't have a brother. or It's not got Bluetooth. or We've not got books. or He hasn't got a cat. We don't have books. He doesn't have a cat. We have got books. She has not got a dog. She has got a dog. or He's not got a cat.You've got a sister. . or You haven't got a nice room. or She's not got a dog. or She hasn't got a dog. We've got books. We have books. It has Bluetooth. You do not have a sister. She has a dog. She does not have a dog. have got is often used in its contracted form even in written language. You have not got a sister. It has got Bluetooth. He has not got a cat. or I've not got a brother. She doesn't have a dog. It doesn't have Bluetooth. They have pets. You have got a nice room. or You've not got a sister. or You've not got a nice room. Negative sentences >have< I do not have a brother. We have not got books. It's got Bluetooth. He's got a cat. It does not have Bluetooth. or It hasn't got Bluetooth. or I haven't got a brother.

not with have. >have got< Have I got time? Have you got pets? Has he got a computer? Has she got a mobile phone? Has it got mudguards? Have we got ketchup? Have you got a yellow car? Have they got nice teachers? Haven't you got a brother? Be careful! 1) The contracted forms 've or 's are only used with have got . They don't have pets. . Be careful when using negations. 13 incorrect Do you have got a garden? Have you a pet? They haven't a house. incorrect I've a new mobile phone. correct Have you got a garden? Do you have a pet? They haven't got a house. Questions >have< Do I have time? Do you have pets? Does he have a computer? Does she have a mobile phone? Does it have mudguards? Do we have ketchup? Do you have a yellow car? Do they have nice teachers? Negations in questions: Don't you have a brother? They have not got pets. correct I've got a new mobile phone. 2) Do not use an auxiliary with have got .They do not have pets. He's got a new car. or They haven't got pets. He's a new car.only with have. or They've not got pets.

have I have a brother. Brown at 5:00 PM. You can only substitute >have< with >have got< when you talk about possession and relationships. They can also be used with to. Your grades aren't very good.3) >have< cannot always be substituted with >have got<. incorrect: I had got an accident. I had an accident. they mean the same as has to and have to ( = "must" or "be required to"): It's late! I've got to leave! John can't come to the party. We had lunch. Special Note Has got to and have got to are almost always contracted to 's got to and 've got to. Tell Angela she's got to be ready in 10 minutes. He's got to work. When they're used in this way. have got I've got a brother. incorrect: We had got you might hear something that sounds like "I gotta go" or "You gotta help me" or "We gotta hurry. We've got a problem." Important: "Gotta" is for speaking. Also. -> We got a problem. The "got to" part of each combination is pronounced something like "godda" in everyday speech. You've got to work harder. the 've is often not pronounced or pronounced very weakly. Don't forget that we've got to meet Mr. The combinations has got and have got are idioms that mean has or have. not for writing! 14 . Note In American English >have< is dropped in informal speech like in the following example.

” If you say you haven’t got any money. if I say. you’re stressing the fact that you’re broke. So if I’m running late.” For example. “I have a really big TV.” These two are 15 . so in other words. “I gotta go now. I might tell my friend. we might leave out the “have. “have” and the British tend to say. In American speech. “have got. “must”. If you want to talk in the past tense about your enormous TV. For example. In American English.” I’m placing more emphasis on my possession of the TV than if I say. “he has.” I don’t think Spike considered calling it “He Has Game.” it is perfectly idiomatic. it’s perfectly fine to say.” with the emphasis on the word “got. “I have got to go now.” Even less formal than “have got”—and probably considered objectionable by most grammarians—is simply “got” by itself. It simply adds emphasis.” And my friend might tell me. “You have got to stop being late so often. according to The New Fowler's Modern English Usage.” as in “I got to go now.Further explanations Added Emphasis The phrases “has got” and “have got” are somewhat informal and are often contracted.” You would probably use expressive intonation to add emphasis. You might have heard of the Spike Lee movie “He Got Game. “Do you have this book in stock?” would be more common. you would say. Note that you can use “has got” or “have got” only in the present tense. Saying. “I had a really big TV. as in “He’s got” and “They’ve got. Americans tend to say.” When we’re speaking to friends. you’re more likely to hear the question “Have you got this book in stock?” whereas in America. “have got” is a little stronger than saying. “I’ve got a really big TV. though it is less formal than plain old “have.” We might even say.” Obligation “Have got” also has another meaning: to indicate necessity or obligation.” “He got” is a very colloquial way of saying. American English Versus British English How often you use “have got” instead of “have” depends on where you’re from. in Britain. “have got” if you’re in America. “have got” is an intensive form of “have” . “the form without ‘got’ is used more than in the UK” (3). As I’ve said.” Although this expression has long been criticized as an unnecessary substitution for the verb “to have.

I got two cars. while "have gotten" is the US English version. have got or have can be used for possession and have got to and have to can be used for the modal of necessity. The forms that include got are usually used in informal contexts and the forms without got in contexts that are more formal. (=I have a lot of friends) I have got to go now. Colloquial AmE informally uses got as a verb for these meanings—for example. AmE does not allow • *I've gotten the answer. In American speech the form without got is used more than in the UK. although the form with got is often used for emphasis. Unless you're speaking informally and using got for emphasis. Usually where you feel like saying "I have got" you could substitute the simpler "I have" and no one would be the wiser. but uses I've got as in informal BrE. Gotten is used in such contexts as • • • They've gotten a new boat. I have got and I have gotten? In general." although if you want to speak more formally 16 . You shouldn’t write these two sentences in a formal English essay.considered colloquial English. I got to go. (= become) He's gotten off the chair. even in US English. I see no harm in using it informally in sentences like "I have gotten quite good at archery. You can use “must” or “have to” instead. The availability of gotten does however mean that AmE can make such distinctions as the following: • They've got to leave (they must leave) • They've gotten to leave (they've managed to leave). (= moved) But it is not used in the sense of possession (= have). (= obtain) They've gotten interested. (=I have to go now/I must go now) In BrE. "have got" is used in certain instances. • *I've gotten plenty. However. As for gotten. namely to mean present tensehave (in the sense of possession. as in "I have got to get out of this place." you can usually just drop that got. I try to avoid the "have got" constructions whenever possible. or to mean must): • • I have got a lot of friends. "have got" is the present perfect form of "to get" in UK English.

The buses in this town are awful and I prefer to use my mountain bike to … . That fat kid always…. in time." Still. of doing sport for some reason or could say "I have become quite good at archery. 3. 2. Over On Out Around Through Across Away with Around to By On Up Down 1. 17 . Can we finish this tomorrow? I am really tired and it's… . I was late for work because I didn't…. use the verb Get (in the correct tense) with one of the prepositions from below. 4. who would use the latter when boasting about archery prowess in a bar? EXERCISES I) For each space in each sentence.

7. She never …. I don't know how you convince your children to clean up their rooms. 6. Maybe then. 1. 9. she will change her mind about the divorce. You need to …. 2.5. Weather like this really … (me). We have to look at those stupid pictures every time we go to her house. 12.there's no signal in this building." "have. I can't believe she … you look at her vacation pictures again last night. 11. We will find it easier to … once you get that part-time job at the supermarket. I couldn't …. 10. I think! 8." and "get”. but his parents wouldn't… him have a pet." "make. He didn't … with his boss and finally decided to leave the company rather than stay there working for him. He is lazy. I can't …to Tom on this phone . I asked him to look for that report but he said he never had time to … doing it. Sam really wanted a your wife how terrible life would be without her. II) Complete the sentences below using the correct form of the verbs "let. The killer … his crime because the police couldn't find any evidence. 18 . my children to clean up their rooms if my life depended on it. losing that dream job of hers and has been depressed ever since. It is raining again. 3.

Debbie's husband hates the opera. Professor Jones … each of her students write an essay describing their future goals in life. Levine… his secretary call Ms. 9. so I… the courier take one over to her last week. me drive his new BMW. How did you… the doctor to make a house call? I haven't heard of a doctor actually going to a patient's house in years. 12. pick up his dry cleaning and buy presents for his wife. Professor Jones… her students use a dictionary while they were taking the test. Rebecca Smith requested a copy of that expense report. 8. 11. so she won't… her children watch TV. 5. Mr. I couldn't believe how quickly it picked up speed. Sally… me take off my shoes before I went into her house. She said she wanted to keep the carpet clean. He can't do anything by himself! 19 . 10. Marcus…. Diane thinks television is a waste of time. she finally … him to go see the new production of La Boheme. Jackson and reconfirm their meeting on Thursday.4. My boss… me get him coffee. 6. 7. 13. But after days of nagging.

18. The interview with the little boy who lost his family in the tragedy… everyone cry. 17. Therefore. If you ask me nicely. The contract was very detailed. That was so cool! 16. Cheryl didn't want to wash her car. but his mom… him go. and it was essential that the wording be absolutely correct. I… the translator recheck his work several times to make sure there would be no misunderstandings. Tommy didn't want to go to his cousin's birthday party. Jackson… the nurse monitor the patient's condition overnight. 15. so with a little smooth talk she… her boyfriend to wash it for her. I'll … you lick the bowl after I make the cookies.14. 20. The news coverage of the recent tornado was incredibly moving. 19. Dr. I can't believe the zoo keeper … you feed the snake. 20 .