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credit: Olag Illustra1on

The exoplanet WASP-48b was observed in the Bessel-U photometric

Analysis and Results

The IDL Transit Analysis Package (TAP) was used in the analysis of the light curve1,2,5. Using the analy1c model of Mandel and Agol (2002), TAP soTware applies Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques to t light curves. JKTEBOP6 was also used in the analysis. JKTEBOP is used to model light curves of eclipsing binaries, but can also use the parameters given in the circumstance of an orbi1ng exoplanet. It is useful as it does not assume symmetry in the light curve. The TAP model and residuals are displayed in gure 1.

Searching for Asymmetry

TAP assumes symmetry, while JKTEBOP does not. To nd asymmetries, the light curve is subtracted by the mirror image of itself about the mid transit. See gure 3.

band on the Steward Observatory 61-inch Kuiper Telescope to detect a possible magne1c eld. VidoMo et al. (2011) postulated that it may be possible to detect the magne1c eld of a transi1ng exoplanet by observing an asymmetry in its near-UV light curve. The main goal of the project is to determine whether or not this method of detec1ng a magne1c eld of an exoplanet can reveal a magne1c eld of the exoplanet WASP-48b.

Why Study WASP-48b?

WASP-48b was discovered aTer the paper by VidoMo et. al. was published so it is not on the list of objects of interest. However, the calculated density of par1cles at the poten1al bow shock distance would put it at 37th on the list. Also, other parameters can be determined based on observa1ons to conrm and amend the planets mass, radius, density, surface gravity, distance, and orbital inclina1on.

The observa1ons of WASP-48b are consistent with previous op1cal observa1ons3. See Table 1.

Figure 3: The subtracted mirror image of the residuals. The model light curves from TAP and JKTEBOP are overlaid for comparison. See gure 4.

Figure 4: Best t model by TAP overlaid by that from JKTEBOP.

Conclusion and Further Study

The 1me dierence between the two is only 2.3 minutes. The STDEV of the overlay of the TAP and JKTEBOP modeled light curves is .043 mmag which is below the precision of the light curve, 1.96 mmag, so it can be concluded the light curve is symmetric about mid transit. Therefore, WASP-48b does not have an observable bow shock. There are consistencies with published op1cal observa1ons. This result is consistent with the non-detec1on of a bow-shock around TrES-3b8, an exoplanet in the top ten objects of interest complied by VidoMo et al. Future study is planned to discover whether a magne1c eld is present in other exoplanets8, using the methods of VidoMo et. al.

Observa1on and Data Reduc1on

The Bessel-U lter was used to test near-UV wavelengths for possible discovery of a bow shock. The data was obtained on October 9th, 2011 for WASP-48b. Data reduc1on consisted of IRAF prac1ces such as biasing, at- elding, aperture photometry and plo_ng a light curve. See gure 1. Figure 1: Transit model and residuals of WASP-48b.

Observing in the Near-UV

Asymmetry in the light curve is an indica1on of the existence of a bow shock. A strong magne1c eld can compress plasma enough to be observable. This eect will change the ingress 1me of the planet. See gure 2. WASP-12b is the only planet to have demonstrated such behavior4,7.

References and Acknowledgements

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Carter and J. N. Winn, ApJ 704, 51 (2009). J. Eastman, E. Agol, and G. S., in prep (2011). Enoch et. al. AJ ,142,86 (2011). Fossa1 et al., ApJ, 714, L222 (2010). K. Mandel and E. Agol, ApJ 580, L171 (2002) Southworth, MNRAS, 408, 1689 (2010) Turner et al, MNRAS, 428, 678 (2013). VidoMo et al., MNRAS, 411, L46 (2011).

Table 1: Transit parameters derived by TAP. Figure 2: Sketch of light curve obtained by observa1ons in the near-UV. Image Credit: VidoMo et. al. (2011).

We would like to thank the University of Arizona Astronomy Club, Steward Observatory, and the Associated Students of the University of Arizona for suppor1ng this research.