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Impeller Inspection and Maintenance Procedure

TECH-TIP

Effects: All Elgin Vacuum and Regenerative Air Products Purpose: To provide maintenance and inspection instructions for Air Product Impellers
VANE BACK PLATE

BLOW THROUGH

COVER

FIG. 1

WEAR HOLES

FIG. 2

FIG. 3

FIG. 4

Impeller life varies according to the type of machine, material swept, water volume, and Impeller RPM. Because of this service life variation, it’s important to clean and inspect the impeller for debris build up and/or damage every 50 hours as directed in the operators manual and maintenance chart. Wear damage includes: Knife Edge Vanes, Blow Through and Wear Holes (Fig.1), Material Undercut (Fig. 2), Vane or Weld Cracks and Missing Weights (Fig. 4). These issues must be resolved or impeller failure may occur which can lead to damage of other components, and could cause serious bodily injury and/or death.

CONTINUED USE OF AN IMPELLER UNDER WORN OR DAMAGED CONDITIONS MAY CAUSE SERIOUS BODILY INJURY AND/OR DEATH. IF THE ABOVE CONDITIONS EXIST, SHUT DOWN SWEEPER ENGINE AND NOTIFY YOUR DEALER OR REPAIR SHOP FOR REPLACEMENT OF IMPELLER. DO NOT OPERATE WITH EXCESIVE MACHINE VIBRATION!

Clay type materials are especially prone to coating blower systems. Fast moving air and changes in spray water usage, dries material onto the systems surfaces. This coating tends to accumulate in pockets or break off unevenly and can unbalance an impeller. It is very important to make sure this imbalance does not continue. If it does, the resulting vibration may cause damage to the structure of the impeller and bearings. Weights (Fig.4) are welded to the impeller for dynamic balance. Excessively abrasive conditions may wear off these weights. If cleaning will not balance the impeller, these weights may be missing. During the first maintenance inspection, record the existence and location of these weights, also note thickness of impeller vanes. Note these conditions during all subsequent inspections. Do Not operate with missing weights, vane ends that are worn to a knife edge or those that have signs of weld undercut (see fig. 2) or issues described in this Tech Tip. During inspection, inspect impeller body and all weld areas of each vane, including Hub (Fig. 3 area W) (requires inspection mirror and light) for structural integrity. If the impeller is worn or imbalanced to the point a crack appears, REPLACE THE IMPELLER. Do not attempt repair, Do Not Re-Weld. PROCEDURE:
ALWAYS REFER TO SAFETY SECTION IN OPERATORS MANUAL BEFORE STARTING

1. Clean all air passageways including impeller thoroughly every shift. Follow all safety and cleaning instructions included in the operator’s manual. 2. Weekly or every fifty (50) hours of operation remove impeller housing inspection cover and inspect all surfaces of the impeller and its housing. Daily inspection may be required when swept materials are sticky or abrasive. 3. If excessive machine vibration occurs, shut “off” sweeper engine and take corrective action (#1 above). If vibration continues, replace impeller and repair housing with Elgin parts from your local Elgin dealer.
All operators and maintenance personnel should frequently review Elgin’s website for technical tips and updates regarding the operation and maintenance of Elgin products. (www.elginsweeper.com)

02/05

P/N 0713085-A