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Erickson's Theory of Identity Development

2. Loevinger's Theory of Ego Development
3. Levinson's Theory of Seasons of Adulthood
4. Life-Course Theory
5. Baltes's Life-Span Theory
6. Pearlin's Stress Process Framework
7. Super's Theory of Career
8. Gutmann Gender Crossover
9. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
10. Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development
11. Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
12. Fowler's Theory of Faith Development
13. Kegan's Synthesizing Idea

Donald E. Super Fellowship for the Support of Dissertation Research on

Career Development
1996 Maria Gomez, University of Maryland, Advisor: Ruth Fassinger, Title: The career development of notable
1997 No award
1998 Naomi Dogan, Pennsylvania State University, Advisor: Kathleen Bieschke, Title: Towards a theory of sexual
harrassment: Giving voice to victims’ experiences
Kathryn A. Foley, University of Notre Dame, Advisor: Naomi Meara, Title: Predictions of vocational identity of rural
1999 Luis Rivas, Southern Illinois University, Advisor: Jane Swanson, Title: Career maturity, exploration and
identity Foreclosure of student athletes and student Non-athletes
Sherry Vidal Brown, Texas A & M University, Advisor: Bruce Thompson, Title: The career assessment diagnostic
inventory: A psychometric study
2000 Bianca Schaefer
2001 Krista Gragg, University of Oregon, Advisor: Ellen McWhirter, Title: Women, Domestic Violence, and Career
Counseling: An Empirical Investigation of the Efficacy of Two Career Intervention Programs
2002 Yuli Liu, University of Southern California, Advisor: Ruth Gim Chung, Title: The Roles of Acculturation,
Gender, and Family in the Career Decision Self-Efficacy of Asian American College Students
2003 Christa Schmidt, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Advisor: Johanna Nielson, Title: “The Effects of
Simultaneous Developmental Processes: The Prediction of Career Development Outcomes for Lesbian, Gay,
and Bisexual Youth”
2004 Rachel Navarro, University of Missouri-Columbia, Advisors: Roger L Worthington and Lisa Y Flores, Title:
Examining the Career Development of Mexican American Middle School Students: A Test of Social Cognitive
Career Theory
2005 Catalina D’Achiardi


The following is a brief review of several theories of career choice that

can be found in the recommended text authored by Jack L. Rettig,
Careers, Belmont, California: Fearon/Janus/Quercus 1986, pp. 1-8 You
may wish to consult the references listed in the bibliography in the
back of the text or consult other online references.

1. Early Childhood, ( Roe) Anne Roe, The Psychology

of Occupations
This theory states that how the original family behaved toward
the child (warm or cold) is directly related to how a person
chooses a career either person or non-person directed. Such
careers as astronomy, engineering, and accounting would be
classified as non person directed careers.
2. Self-Concept Donald E.
Super, Career Development: Self-Concept
Theory. 1963
The self-concept theory hypothesizes how a person,
consciously or unconsciously, defines oneself in
terms of self-concept predisposes one to seek that type of
career choice.

3. Personality (Holland) John L. Holland, Making Vocational Choices; A Theory of

Careers, Englewood Cliffs, N. J: Prentice, Hall, 1973

I am Joe\Jane College!
What kind of person are you?
Personality theory classifies persons into types: The basic assumption is that people select a
career similar to their type of personality fit. (Resource "Self-Directed Search "(SDS)
Specimen Set, John L. Holland)
4. Chance (Fate) Jack Rettig, Careers, Belmont, California: Fearon & Janus Quercus,
1986 p.4

Many people believe that they have selected their career in a random manner. Much as
winning the lottery they believe that had little to say about their
career choice. Others think their fate is cast in the stars.

5. Complicated (Ginzberg) Eli Ginzberg and others,

Occupational Choice: An approach to a General Theory, New York:
Columbia University Press, 1951
This theory is classified into three
Choices take place over a 8 to 10 year
period. A fantasy stage occurs between
years 10-12. A tentative period occurs
between 12-17. A realistic period occurs
between 17-20.
2. During these periods a person makes a
series of decisions that gradually reduce
the number of choices left.
3. Every choice ends up being a