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caring for and breeding them in captivity
By Steven ± lil_rocker_uk Common Name: Tiger Barb Scientific Name: BarbusTetrazona Family: Cyprinids Subfamily: Capoeta Origin: Indonesia, Borneo, Thailand and Sumatra. Habitat: Warm, shallow, fast flowing rivers, which are well planted. Diet: Omnivorous, they will accept most aquarium foods. But try to vary their diet like you would any other fish, to keep them looking their best. General Information: Tiger barbs are egg scatterers, which means they will scatter their eggs all over the aquarium and have no specific breeding site. Tiger barbs are a pale yellow colour with 4 black stripes running down their bodies. They have a slight ³bump´ behind the snout leading up to the base of the dorsal fin. There is another species of barb, the Pentazona Barb, which looks very similar to the tiger barb but has a fifth stripe running down its body. There are two other types of the tiger barb, the green tiger barb and the golden/albino tiger barb. Over the years there has been some debate to whether green tiger barbs are dyed. Although, there is a natural colour green tiger barb which is a metallic green colour. The better the water quality, the better the colour. My green tiger barbs when I purchased them six moths ago were a dull, light metallic green, now they are very dark blue. In some tiger barbs, the fish may show blotches of black scales as well as its vertical stripes. Sexing: When mature, male tiger barbs will show bright red noses, his dorsal fin will have a red line above the mainly black fin and his ventral fins will turn bright red. When in spawning condition or fighting for a higher ³rank´ in the shoal, the males stripes turn a slight metallic green colour. And the tips to his upper body scales turn almost black and shine bright orange in certain light. The females however, keep their pale yellow noses (may turn slightly pale red at times, which makes it tricky to determine their sex in store). They only show a small area of red at
The tank should have a heater. . Keep the water slightly acidic for breeding. Eggs that turn white can be removed as these are infertile and the fungus will spread to fertile eggs killing them! The eggs will hatch in around 48 hours. with plenty of open swimming space. They look like tiny shards of glass with 2 black dots. You can carefully take the marbles out of the breeding tank. with 5 normal tiger barbs and 3 green tiger barbs. this will excite the female. I wouldn¶t recommend anything smaller than a 20 gallon tank for a shoal of at least 8 tiger barbs (this shoal can be divided into the 3 colour varieties stated above. 27-28 for breeding. but keep them separate for two days before introducing the male. Set up a breeding tank of at least 20 gallons. The marbles also mean that you cannot tell whether you have any eggs unless you can see under the tank. When the female has filled with eggs put the male in the breeding tank in the afternoon. this can be overcome when kept in its ideal tank setup. The bigger the shoal the better. You will/should notice them instantly start to swim around each other and the male will ³head stand´ and spread all his fins right out and display to her. nipping at her anal and ventral fins. tiger barbs can grow to three inches. they will do great in a community tank (without long fins). their stripes stay black. But kept in a shoal of at least 8 tiger barbs. The actual spawning will take place the following morning. As they have a reputation as fin nippers. soon the female will allow him to catch up with her. The male will franticly chase her through plants. In females. Raising the fry: Once the eggs have hatched. Breeding: Spawning and raising the fry is a relatively simple task. often no bigger than two inches. a layer or two of marbles on the tank bottom to hide and protect the eggs. I have a shoal of 8 in a 20 gallon tiger barb species setup. it is time to remove the pair. he will force her against the plants and she will release 1 ± 3 eggs. heater and sponge filter in. Introduce the female first and condition on a variety of live. and ventral fins will stay pale red. They will keep this up until all her eggs have been released. as tiger barbs are constantly fast swimming fish. soon to add 3 of the albino variety J The tank should be well planted at the back of the aquarium. then add her to the community aquarium. After she has released all of her eggs the pair will simply loose interest with each other. the female can be added to the community tank or you can put her in a recovery tank for 2 weeks. Its best to keep them in a shoal of at least 8 so they will not harass other fish species as much and will concentrate their aggression within their own shoal. Put the male back in the community tank. frozen or freeze dried foods like brine shrimp. the eyes.the tip of the dorsal fins. Lower the temperature to 25 degrees Celsius. therefore you do not need to keep just 8 normal tiger barbs). checking to make sure there are no eggs attached to them. Then the eggs will fall into plants and in between the marbles. Size of fish: In the wild. Ideal Tank: Tiger barbs have a notorious reputation as ³fin nippers´. although it is much smaller in aquaria. should not be kept with long finned fish like bettas (fighters) and guppies. and a few live plants. which the male will instantly fertilize. However. even when kept in a large shoal. And do not keep them with highly territorial fish like African cichlids. Temperature: Anything between 24 ± 28 degrees Celsius. leave the plants. Sometimes marbles can be a bad choice as some fry may become stuck in between them. Feed the pair white worms or bloodworms to reduce the amount of falling eggs they eat. the same goes for the male. sponge filter. you will notice tiny fry stuck to plants and the tank sides. Females can hold 200-700 eggs and will release them 1-3 eggs at a time.
this is just the colour of the food. The tiger barb originates in South-East Asia and are native to Indonesia and Malaysia. The average life span in a well kept aquarium is 6 years. long finned fish species. you can move on to feed them a little older brine shrimp (juvenile) or daphnia.26°C / 68 . Tiger barbs can often resort to fin nipping if they are kept in too small schools but this is seldom a problem if they are kept in large schools. or crushed freeze-dried foods. It is however still recommended to avoid keeping tiger barbs with slow moving. Tiger barbs are suitable for beginner aquariums where they are best kept in large schools. When the fry reach a size of 11mm. but not as many fry can find that food.5-3cm. Carry that on until they reach 2-2. Countries where it has been introduced includes Australia. when feeding infusoria. The tiger barb can however today be found in many waters around the world where it voluntarily or involuntarily have been introduced by man.Do not feed the fry until they are free swimming as the fry are absorbing their egg sacs. you may add them to your community tank or sell them to your LFS (although phone them up first) My comments: Tiger barbs make an excellent addition to the community aquarium. Such morphs include albino tiger barbs. The aquarium should be decorated with hiding places among plants and plenty of room for swimming. After a further 5 days. Try to keep the water temperature in the upper part of the recommended range. Rocks and driftwood will also be appreciated. this usually takes around 5 days. so start with infusoria. As soon as the fry are free swimming they will be looking for food. they will eat anything that can fit into their tiny mouths. this will sometimes turn their stomachs orange. They are omnivorous and will accept almost all food that is presented to them and they willingly accepts flake food. You can buy commercial fry food. a small amount in the morning can last all day! When the fish reach 2. ideally 23 . it won¶t harm them. you can start to feed them finely crushed tropical flakes (which you can make by crushing some flakes to powder). When the fry get a little bigger. you can start to feed them newly hatched brine shrimp nauplii. Tiger barbs should preferably be kept in aquariums no smaller than 60 centimetres (24 inches) long. . now is the time to start feeding. you don¶t need to crush up their food as much. One of my tanks is dedicated to the tiger barb and contains 27 of these lively beauties. Singapore. on the island of Sumatra and on the island of Borneo. Suriname and Colombia. Try to vary the diet of your tiger barbs as much as possible even if it possible to keep and breed tiger barbs on nothing but flake food. green tiger barbs and golden tiger barbs.26° C (74-79° F). This fish is for the intermediate hobbyist emperature range: 20 .79°F The tiger barb has long been one of the most popular and most kept aquarium fish species and there are today a wide variety of different color morphs available in the aquarium trade besides the common tiger barb. Tiger barbs are very easy to care for as long as you keep the water parameters within the ranges given in the beginning of this article. They live on the Malay Peninsula. Use this time to culture infusoria (tiny microscopic organisms that the fry can eat) and baby brine shrimp.5cm. then you can feed them regular sized flakes and foods. Then when a little older. Fry will need to be fed no more than 3 times a day. they prefer the food to swim to them. they are a mixture of all 3 colourations of the species and look their best when in a well planted aquarium.
The fry grows relatively fast and usually reaches sexual maturity in about seven weeks at what point they are 2-3 centimetres (0. Move a round female to the tank and a male to the breeding tank. here. A layer of common glass marbles on the bottom of the tank will do well for this task. They range from the Albino to the Green. and above the black part of their dorsal fins you can see a characteristic red line. This is a short version of a more in depth tiger barbs and tiger barb breeding articles available at AC tropical fish where you also can read in depth article about a number of other barb fish Coloration There are many different variations of the Tiger Barb available today. If you want to breed your tiger barbs it recommendable to setup a breeding aquarium with some kind of egg protection device in it that prevents the parents from eating the eggs. They are easy to sex as the female tiger barb is larger and have a much rounder belly. The Dorsal and Anal fins are a bright Red-Orange and the rest of the fins are a paler shade of Red. If you fish hasn't spawned in tree days a recommend trying another pair instead.Tiger barbs are easy to breed and the largest problem is usually to prevent the parents from eating the eggs and fry.2 inches). They often spawn in regular community aquariums but it is rare for any fry to survive in a community aquarium. I will describe the "original" and in my opinion the prettiest.8-1.04 inches) in length. Most often the eggs get eaten well before hatching. Counting the eye stripe there are four wide Black-Blue bands running across the body The third band starts at the Black base of the Dorsal fin and extends down to the start of the Anal fin. The dorsal fin of the female is mainly black. do not float in freshwater and are usually slightly above 1 millimetre (0. The number of eggs usually ranges from 300 to 500. Males have distinctive red noses. The rest of the body is a Brown-Orange color and the Back is almost like an . The fry becomes free swimming after about 5 days and can be fed newly hatched brine shrimp. They will likely spawn the next morning or at the very least the morning after if they are in spawning condition. The eggs are sticky. Fill the breeding aquarium with water from the main tank.
Feeding is not a problem as they will accept all types of food including flake and frozen. especially angels.5 with soft to hard water.Olive Green. Single specimens tend to be aggressive and should not be kept. don't overfeed as they are ravenous eaters and will eat all you give them. Beautiful! Maintenance The only drawback to these fish is their tendency to nip the fins of fish in the tank. The scales viewed under the right light have an iridescent Gold or Brass look to them. . The tank should be sparsely planted with plenty of open space for swimming with a sandy bottom for digging. They prefer a temperature of between 73° and 82°F and a pH of 6 to 7. Tiger Barbs should be kept in a school of at least six fish.
They breed similar to other Barb species. Breeding Male tiger Barbs are slimmer and more colorful than the females. Condition the spawners with the best food possible for a few days before .Biotope Bottom areas of slow moving and calm waters on Sumatra and its' other locals. The breeding tank should have a thin layer or no substrate and a few leafy plants and be as large as possible.
a partial water change can also induce spawning. They usually will spawn the morning after being introduced to the tank. once a little growth has taken place they are fairly easy to raise. After chasing and false matings the pair will spawn in the plants. like most Barbs are spawn eaters and should be removed from the tank right after mating.transferring them to the breeding tank. The transparent eggs will hatch in about 24 hours at a temperature of 75° and the small young must be fed the finest of food like Brine shrimp Nauplii. with the partners coming alongside each other and the male twisting around the female. The female is the more active partner and will lead in the courtship. Tigers. Learn More About Tiger Barbs Keeping Healthy Tiger Barbs . The eggs are scattered among the plants and they can be quite large in number.
Once the tank is cycled. a minimum of 6 Tiger Barbs can be placed in the tank. The tank should have an open swimming area with groups of plants around the sides. They are known for showing aggression and being fin nippers. The water should be soft and slightly acidic with the temperature between 72 and 79 Fahrenheit. It is also a good idea to . It is a good idea to keep water quality of the tank up by doing frequent partial water changes of 10% to 20%. so keeping a larger group of them is recommended for reducing the aggression. Tiger Barbs are prone to a parasitic infection called "Ich".To keep healthy Tiger Barbs in a home aquarium it is important that the tank has a completely established biological cycle before they are placed in the tank.
Great Book on Tiger Barbs and Other Barbs The Barbs Aquarium by: Oliver Lucanus. Checker Barb Or Barbus Oligolepis Checker Barb.keep some type of Ich medication handy should an infection break out. Five-Banded Barb or Barbus Pentazona . this book covers it all.99 This is a complete guide to setting up an aquarium to keep and breed various types of barbs. Cherry Barb Or Barbus Titteya Cherry Barb. Oliver Lucanas List Price: $7. For less than 10 bucks it is a great addition to any personal library. Other Types of Barbs Here are links to some information on other types of Barbs. Barbus Titteya Profile. Barbus Oligolepis Profile. Gary Elson. More that just tiger barbs.
They can be successfully bred if tank water conditions are kept optimal and the water temperature is kept closer to 79 or 80 Fahrenheit. Barbus Pentazona Profile.Five-Banded Barb. Pairs of Tigers barbs will spawn if conditions are right and scatter their eggs over the aquarium substrate. They are also notorious for eating their eggs once they have finished spawning. One way to protect the eggs from being . Tiger Barb Breeding Tiger Barbs Tiger Barbs are egg layers that scatter their eggs over the aquarium substrate.
The fry should be fed infusoria or commercial liquid fry foods. The eggs will hatch within 36 hours of spawning. What is the Coolest Barb? Loading poll.. Please Wait.eaten is to use a substrate that has plenty of spaces for the eggs to fall into. the parents should be removed from the breeding tank. y Share this poll Stumbleupon Facebook MySpace Twitter Digg o o o o o .. Once the pair has spawned. Marbles are a good choice for aquarium substrate in a Tiger Barb breeding tank.
512MB RAM carrying controller is ..? according to the press release..2 Froyo. please stand by News about Aquarium Fish from Google Animal Planet orders aquarium. Keeping aquariums 'a fun hobby' .o Delicious Email o Great Books on Freshwater Aquarium Fish Loading content. 2011 at 12:04 pm What do you get when you cross a mildly-powered Android tablet and your fish tank? The Vertex Cerebra Aquarium controller power by Android 2.. of an aquarium builder that constructs elaborate fish prisons for high-profile clients.... family-owned business. hillbilly reality shows One is Tanked. Froyo for Your Fish: Vertex Cerebra AndroidPowered Aquarium Controller by Kevin Krause on February 22nd. . a six-episode series that introduces viewers to a ?high-decibel. This 800MHz CPU.
a report suggests.. The natural geographic range ... USB Aquarium Refit with Circulation Pump.Opting to keep an aquarium can prove to be a fun hobby. This by itself is pretty cool as we always . This funky little thang is first and foremost an honest to god fish tank that has its recirculation pump work off the 5volt line of your USB port.. LED Lights & Thermometer Take the USB Aquarium with Alarm Clock and Thermometer. Powered by Google Cool Tiger Barb Videos Loading content. It does not matter whether people simply want a small tank and . please stand by A Look at Tiger Barbs on Wikipedia The tiger barb (Puntius anchisporus)* or sumatra barb.. Local news provider This is Grimsby reports that there is something for everyone in the world of keeping fish. is a species of tropical freshwater fish belonging to the Puntius genus of the minnow family..
with unsubstantiated sightings reported in Cambodia. However. * The tiger barb was commonly named Puntius tetrazona. . Tiger barbs are also found in many other parts of Asia. definite conclusions about their natural geographic range versus established introductions are difficult. and with little reliable collection data over long periods of time. At present the tiger barb is thought to be P. Sumatra and Borneo. rather similar species with no red in the fins.reportedly extends throughout the Malay peninsula. this is a different.
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