Tutorial 4

Mathematics 2 MTH1022

Tutorial 4 (Topic 4 – Presenting Data)

1. Determine which of the following data a quantitative data is and which qualitative data are. State also the variable in each case: a. The number of students in a class. b. The colors of flags in a box. c. The prices of books in a bookshop. d. The brands of computers in a shop. e. The weights of ball bearings in a tray. 2. Indicate which of the following data are discrete and which are continuous: a. The number of telephone calls per day. b. The speeds of cars passing a highway. c. The heights of students in a class. d. The number of shoes sold. 3. NZ Construction Sdn. Bhd.’s current assets (RM million) from the year 2006 to 2008 are given below: Current Year 2006 2007 2008 assets Stocks 700 380 440 Cash 400 170 150 Others 200 450 210 Present the above data using a component bar chart and give your comments. 4. Find the suitable number of class intervals for a frequency distribution table with data having: a. 17 observations b. 26 observations c. 49 observations d. 88 observations

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Tutorial 4 5. 3 8 7 9 1 3 2 4 2 5 6 6 7 8 9 2 1 1 3 4

Mathematics 2 MTH1022

For the above data, a. Construct a frequency distribution table for grouped data b. Construct a relative frequency distribution table for grouped data c. Construct a histogram and a frequency polygon on the same axes. 6. The amount of money earned weekly by 40 people working part-time in factory, correct to the nearest RM10, is shown below. Form a frequency distribution having 6 classes for these data. 80 140 80 130 50 90 30 90 170 100 70 90 110 80 110 110 50 80 120 90 90 100 100 100 100 160 110 90 110 70 110 60 120 40 110 80 100 70 110 80

Hence, draw a histogram for the data above. 7. The data below are the marks obtained by 40 students in an examination. 62 54 38 33 80 66 56 60 57 71 85 47 50 71 52 76 48 68 55 49 79 41 61 65 64 58 66 59 52 43 65 48 a. Construct a frequency distribution table for the above data. b. Construct a histogram and polygon for the above data. 68 49 75 41 52 69 81 56

8. A market survey on a sample of 150 customers purchasing a brand of perfume reveals the following age distribution. Age (in years) 15 – 19 20 – 24 25 – 29 30 – 34 35 – 39 40 – 44 45 – 49 Total Draw a histogram to represent the above data. Number of customers 9 16 27 44 42 10 2 150

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Tutorial 4 9.

Mathematics 2 MTH1022

Iswara Waja 1000 Satria 500 Perdana Wira 800

A shop only sells Proton cars. The above pie chart shows the number of cars sold for a certain month according to models. The number of ‘Wira’ cars sold is 16. a. Find the total number of cars in that shop for that month. b. Find the number of ‘Satria’ cars sold. c. If the number of ‘Iswara’ cars sold is 14, find the angle of the sector representing ‘Iswara’ model. d. Find the angle of the sector representing the ‘Perdana’ model. e. Draw a line graph for the above data. 10. The frequency distribution for a batch of 50 capacitors of similar value, measured in microfarads, is: 10.5 – 10.9 2, 11.5 – 11.9 10, 12.5 – 12.9 11, 11.0 – 11.4 12.0 – 12.4 13.0 – 13.4 7, 12, 8

Form a cumulative frequency distribution for these data: ( [ ( ) ) ( ( ) ) ( ( ) ] )

11. Fahmi Enterprise sells its products online. The data below the weekly sales (in 1000 units). 23.3 21.7 24.0 25.0 22.8 22.3 22.2 23.3 22.3 24.3 22.2 22.5 21.9 20.1 21.0 21.4 24.7 23.5 22.3 22.0 23.6 24.0 23.3 22.6 22.1 23.3 23.0 21.8 21.8 22.1 20.6 22.3 23.8 23.4 22.0 22.8 24.0 23.5 23.5 24.0 a. Calculate the data range, the number of classes and class width. b. Construct a frequency distribution table containing 23.7 21.7 22.3 24.2 23.1 24.4 23.0 22.4 19.5 23.3

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Tutorial 4 i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. 12.
60 50 No of students 40 30 20 10 0 0 0.5 20.5 40.5 marks 60.5 80.5 100.5 no of students

Mathematics 2 MTH1022 Class interval Tally Frequency Class boundaries Relative frequency Midpoint

The above histogram shows the Mathematics marks obtained by x students in the first semester examination. a. Find the value of x. b. Students obtaining marks more than 40.5 passed the examination. Find the number students that failed this examination. c. Students obtaining marks above 80.5 get an A grade. Find the percentage of students getting an A grade. d. Construct a frequency polygon from the histogram.

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