[Box I. 9

U, 1J: (., X:) or gold anything Aighly prized, preceous, dauable, or [the perfume calted] (TA j.'l: excelbnt. (Mgb, Mob.) - Applied to a man, and flesh-meat and wine; as also (AA, Sbh, Az,) White (AA, Sh, As, 1) in com- in art. j :) or gold and saffron and Jdr.JI. plexion; (Az;) because ~.l might be con- (18d, TA.)_ s... l .s.lI Slaughter; (L, sidered as of evil omen [implying the meaning 1F;) because it occasions the flowing of blood: of leprosy]: (AA,Sh:) or, accord. to Th, because (TA:) and [so in the L, but in the V "or"] the latter epithet, applied to a man, was only triolent death: (S, A, L, V :) or death in which used by the Arabe as signifying " pure," or "free the sight of the mtan becomes dimn by reasn of from faults :" but they sometimes used this latter terror, so that the world appearsred and blach epithet in the sense of "white in complexion," before his cyes: (A 'Obeyd:) or it may mean applied to a man &c.: (IAth:) fem., in the same t recent, fresh, death; from the phrase next .- : the dim. of which, V ,l'_, occurs following. sense, * U(As.)_...4l_ A new, or recent, in a trad., applied to 'Aisheh. (s,0 TA.) So, footstep, or footprint: opposed to .'l. (As, a j /, .l trad., the in some, to (.8,1;) accord. SA serere year; 8 A.)-&~ ; .~lj, (TA,) i. e. I haao ben snt to tAe white because it is a mean between the .oj~ and the and the blachk; because these two epithets com- A'w: or a year of severedrought; because, in such prise all mankind: (Az, TA:) [therefore, by the a year, the tracts of the horizon are red: (TA:) former we should understand the white and the when "l.J! [the tenth Mansion of the Moon red races; and by the latter, the negroes: but (see J!1 3j,: in art. J)p)] breaks its promise some hold that by the former are meant the rain], the year is such as is thus foreigners, and] by the latter are meant the [of bringing voce ; v'A also Arabh. (TA.) One says also, [when speaking of called. (AH.n.) -See
Arab. and more northern races,] i-;3 Jb .It .~., meaning Every Arab of them, and _1 foreigner, came to me: and one should not say,

The wild as: seej;l : (, Mgh, :) J.j or a certain kind of wild aninmal: (Mgb:) [the oryx; to which the name is generally applied; and so in Hebrew: see also i.~jl gj~, in art. 4 J:] a certain best (, TA) smbling the ih. goat. (TA.) - And A certain bird. (i.) _ See also .,_l.

(AA, Aq, .) 5,_Jl, also, in this sense, hl. cal [colectildy]; ke) (. foreigners to The is applied
(f,A,,;) because a reddish white is the pre-

vailing hue of their complexion: ($:) or the Perans and Grehs: or those foreigners motly
charactrisedby whiteneu of compleion; as the

aor. , inf. n. j~, It (milk) was, or aj-, 1. became, sour, [so as to burn, or bite, the ton ue; inf. n. -1 ; (see,o , below;) and so, app., , or] in a less degree than such as is tCtnmed j1_. (TA.) - [Hence, app.,] j3., inf. n. jt.., trHe (a man) was, or became, strong, robust, sturdy, or ,pl!jjJ · , aor. , It ,* TA.) hardy. ( KS,' (beverage, or wine,) stung, or bit, the tongue: ($, I :) or it (milk, and .. ,,) burned the tongue by its strength and sharpneg. (Mgh.)- And (J,) He took U..-, or. ;, (TA,) inf. n. j., it, seized or grasped it, contracted it, or drew it , and, in like manner, ;dw .. * hl ._ TA,) and %:. (TA.) together; syn. 4, (, his sheep, or goals, in a ?ebrought lit O;iSt, e See3 ... You say, slp lean, or an enaciated, state. (A,' TA.) and A, TA,) (Lb, hit heart, saying contracted ., s S .. s (TA.) kim. pained or TA,) grieved him, (Lb, k$?.1: see .,o.I ... Also, (A,TA,) aor. as above, (TA,) and so a subst.] the inf. n., (1,) He shampened it; (A, ], TA;) .e. [an inf. n. (of '.~.) used as9e A bad kind of tanning. (Q. [For & in the namely, an iron instrument, (TA,) an arrow-head or the like. (A.) So in the dial. of Hudheyl. CI, I read j, as in other copies of the .]) (TA.)


i. q. '.-_; (V; in the CC .;...;) Gtks and Persiau. (TA.) You say, U .. e Aeritude of a thing; a q~ality, or prowhich with or stone, instrument, iron The i. e. like that of burning, or biting, (S, ~, perty, !. ,.1 Th re~ ui not among the foreigners (,aal)
some, i!9l j~.Jl means The Arabs and the [so in the TA, but foreigners. (TA.) 'lj correctly i.;,J :'Wl,] is an appellation applied to iI, Emancipated lave: and eXtia .l' meaning Son of theA female slave, is an appellalion used in reviling and blaming. (TA.) - Also A man having no weaponu with him: pl. j. .l means :,. ; _ ([.) -j~ (A, ) and one shas off the hair and dirt on the srface of of mustard: (TA:) and the like of him. (A.) And accord. to a hide, and with which one skins. (L, TA. [But TA,) such as ths taste [in like manner] ?3jl.. signifies the quality, for the last words of the explanation in those two ]) - ~.JAlso, I read e lexicons, . J, ($, TA,) in the ], [and in a copy of the A,] , which is a mistake, (TA,) A horse got by a stallion of generous, or Arabian, race, out of a mare not of mch a race; or not of generous birth; or a jade; syn. e ; ($,A, 1 ;) in ; (, V ;) as also tG..: (X :) Persian, or a horse of mean race, that resemnbles the as in his.slone of running: and a bad beast: (TA:) (TA :) and pl. ; , ($, A, TA) and rf..: accord. to the T, * 3).. signifies [not as it is ex" l.,; and plained above, as a sing., but] i. q. sighorses, to applied epithet Z explains it as an An nifying that run liske ase. (TA.) -Also ignoble, or a mean, man: (l5, e TA:) and a man who nwill not give unless pressed and importuned. (1(,' TA.) or prolprty, of burning, and sharenes; as in a ouro beverage, or wine: (TA:) and ? ];: nes in milk, with a biting of the tonge; (A;) or a sourness in milk, le~ than that of milk which is termed j).. (TA.) : ee what next precedes.

Beauty is in ; _JI lapp. fairne

of conm-

plexion; i. e. beauty isfair-complexioned]: (TA:) or t beauty is attendted by diiculty; i. e. he who lotr, beauty must bear difficulty, or distress: (1Ath:) or the lover experiences from beauty what is experienced from war. (1Sd, .)_j*~b'1 A s,irt of dates: ( :) so called becauise 'll j..a.'ml Gold of their colour. (TA.) -.. l Flesh-meat and and ilver. (TA.) And Xl

j$.a., applied to the beverage termed d;, [app. when it is in a state of fermentation,] bJ Xl i1. i Digestire. (Fr, TA.) -or guards, means Verily he is one who keep, or takes care of, pr~lently, or effectuay, what he has collected togethr. (s.) [To the explanation is added in the TA, Q tw) I'. in thc I (". o. app. a mistranscription for J J.,u and one who manage it well.]
jlj 2 l .e.

wine; ($, A, ];)

said to destroy men: (s:) so

J., and


IA snarted

. ,.s AIj. ~in the saying, ;.O.,,'l ) j.t;..I A sect of the ac.% , who olpposed the We are of the people of dates and water, not of : (TA:) a single and the ; flsh-meat and wine: (A:) or the beverage called Lb.*4 (,.K) i, and flesh-meat. (IApr.) Also Wine and person thereof was called .- : ( g:) tlhey J (Sh.) And made their ensigns red, in opposition to the ;3;-. [gar~ts of the hind caldle] ,. Gold and saffron; (Az, ISd, K;) said to de- of the Benoo-JId.,him; and hence they were thus II · stroy women; i.e. the love of ornaments and called, like as the ej were callcd 1.. perfumes destroys them: (Az:) or these are because their ensigns in war were white. (T.) (AO,TA;) and milk and water, called O lju'; j : see. ;~Lo%l; (TA;) and dates and water, O,l. l _: see jl_ rl (A, TA.) And I1;l'e.l l'esh-meat and wine and 4

man: (8, TA:) or a man who is actite, sharp or quich in intellect, clewr, ingenious, or acute in mindl, (.K, TA,) and stroAng-erted. (TA.)_ man contracted in hart. And Vthe latter, t (TA.)

ee j_.. sw:
.~.. Sour, (TA,) and burning, or biting, to the tongue, or acrid; (A, TA;) applied to beverage, or wine: (A:) and milk that bite the tongue: (A:) or milk, and J.;, that bur the tongue by its strength and sharpnes. (Mgh.)

BooK 1.] You say also 1

(14) i. _ lHard,firm, strong, strict, or rigorous,in land hard place: (A:) pl. iiL,; A pomegranatein which' L.~. religion, and in fight, (S, ,) and in courage; (TA;) You say also .. pl., meaning, the I 1 ,f¶, with t Intensa, or .) .-.-

is sourness. (A, sere, anxiety. (TA.) And j,A. jI. ((;,TA) t A wringing, or poignant and burning, pain in tle heart, such a arises from wratk Jc. (TA.) _ See also e, in two places.

_. : (S, ]:) pl. of the former, __. tA sterile, barr;e, or unfruitful, and narrow, as also t (1t.) - Hence, A pious man, who carefully ab- land: (A:) or a land in ohich is no herbage nor stainsfrom unlawrful things: because he exceeds I pasturagenor rain nor anything. (TA.) And the usual bounds in matters of religion, and is 1. .. i &I Sterile, barren, or unftuitful, . (TA.)- -' land. (., L) hard to himself; as also t_ STe nmost excellent of Sing. of .- *1l,(Mgh,) which latteris an epithet J see we,~l, second signification. _: tribes of .Kurmysh (8, A, ) and deeds is th strongest, or most pon~rful: (., ,*X applied to The Jedeeleh, (V,) i. e. Jedeelek K) and (S, Kindneh TA:) or the most painful (A, Mgh, TA) and disof Kejs, consisting of [the tribes of] Fahnm and trssing: (Mgb, TA:) from 'lh., applied to and 'Adwdrn the two sons of Amr the son ofCeys signifying " that burns the the son of 'Eyldn, and the Bentoo-'Amir Ibnmilk and to 4-, and -, (A, ],) aor. :, inf. n. j 1. tongue by reason of its strength:" (Mgh:) a ,Raqfa'ah, (AHeyth, TA,) and their followers in A ', 0(,) ]Is (a man) became slender in the trad., related by I 'Ab; (, TA;) said by Mo- the Time qf Ignorance; (J ;) or to Kureysh and ,hanks. (A, X.) _ 3L -., aor.:; l 0 --gel their coreligionists; (Mgh ;) because of the hardbmnmad. (TA.) You say also, !P ja.1l X .;L-; (accord. or they imposed upon themselves in (Msb;) and 519i ', &14 ,,.. i Such a one is in harder, or nore ships which in as matters of religion, (S, A, Mgh, s],) as well to different copies of the .;) and 1LJ.1 .;~, dfitcult, circumstances (.l A,I) thaitn such a courage, (TA,) for they used not to enjoy the (so in a copy of the A;) or ' ^. one: (TA:) or [nore] contracted in circum- shade in the days of Minc, nor to enter the houses inf. n. ,; ,) stances. (ISk, TA.) (L, '... ( by their doors, ($, Mglh, TA,) while they were in ,11, aor.;; (.;) and (TA,) a.;., and 1) (A, ,1e. n. ', inf. aor. 1, (TA,) nor to clarify butter, nor J;j A man strong in the tips, the state of l 9JI j~ The mnall bone of his shank, (Mqb,) and his egs, occurring TA:) ](, ($, or ends, of the fingers: to pick up [dung such as is called] 3U., (S, L,) (8,) and the shank (A, 0) of a woman, (A,) bein averse of Aboo-Khiri(sh: (s:) but [SM says,] or ., (TA,) [for fitel,] and they dwelt in the came slender. ($, A, Mvb, ].) And the rlke is . what I read in a poem of tlhat author is j Hjaram, (AlIcyth, TA,) and did not go forth in said, metaphorically, of the whole body. (TA.) to 'Araf6t, but halted at You say also, JI1 *'L~ .l The boo-string be.tiseJ, meaning, hard and pointed in the arrowr- the days of the- C/ (AHeytl, Megh, TA,) saying, came slender: and its being so is better. (TA.) EIl-Muzdclifch,el heads. (TA.) "We are the pcople of God, and we go not forth 10: see the last sentence above. from the I.Iarlm :" (Alcyth, TA :) or they were thus called because they made their abode in the (S) A, 1,) i:f. n. _ nor. ,(,, 1. _y, Hlaram: (Sgl, TA:) or because they betook a the next paragraph, throughout. see .': Qi. p. 2,) lIe was, or berame, hard, thenmselves for refuge to the t , (IIam and ("'.L I), firm, strong, strict, or rigorous, in religion, and which is the Kiaabeh, so called because its stones in fight, (S, A, K.,) and i,n courage, (TA,) and in are white inwlini,Ng to blicckness: ( :) the Benooan affair. (;lanm p. 2.) [See also 5.] - 1It (an Slender in the shanks, applied Chid.JA b the inaffair, or a case, TA) wax, or be(amnc, severe, 'Amir were of the ,,_, though not of ., (F, .3LJI t as also a,n;) r;goproi"t, dlistreofel, or a.ffictive: (Q, TA:) and habitants of the Hjram, because their mother was toaman; ( (TA:) and so term ,l1tJ*l also, Mgh, Mb, ,) and li,...: X it (war, or tile clamour thereof, ,i1,) wras, or of the tribe of Kureysh: the (A.) And a woman. to applied lta.*_, t ch i .- ,] is applied to those or r. of became, hot, (A, TA,) or 'vehement. (TA.)_ [pl. of t to a applied make, in Slender : WInJI ~n,__, nor. :, itnf. n. .Z~-, Ise (a mala) was, or c!f the Arabs n.lho.we wthers were of the tribe of I~. also signifies Slender, appliedl Ku,reysh. (TA.) - Also Courageous; (Sb,l, man. (TA.) became, couraoeous. (Sb, TA.) the shank: (Mb :) and so of bone the small to : (I :) pl. [of the ald t~ . a .. 3 lIe acted,orbehaved,witlhforrcedhard- (;) and so 5. and 1t ca', apa2, Vt and fem.], [the &'.~ 1 ,esx,fir, ncess, strictness, or rigour,(S,A, Mgla,) in first, masce. only,] ,_1_ and [masc. and fem.] ° to the fore arm and (3C), ~1. (TA.) plied to the shank and [of the second or third] Iiis religion. (A, Mgh, IC.)-IIe (a man)Jeigned ~

t J.~.;

G.W.($, TA.)_ lIe pro- _t_l~.~1 is also said to be applied to The tribe of disobedience; syn. to by Kurey,sh: or, accord. to some, to the Behnootected, or defended, hinself, (syn. Aj,) 'Amir, because descendants of Jureysh: the TA.) means of him. (Slh, (A, IABr. (TA.) -Hence, They vied n,it, strove to surpass, former is said by 6. Ir.dl_ A, , I,) or;i (TA . & or contended for superiority with, Ote another in TA,) strength, (l).W,) .1.I~1 ,.a, (L,) i HeJfell into distres (A, L) r;ndi trial: (A:) or into calamity: (a:) or he _-: see _.1, in three places. died: (.K:) or the latter phrase has this last in art. ~.u.) v was . firnneJ; strength: defence: meaning. (ISd, A, and TA IIardneu; ,.. people of the Arabs. a courageous of name the conflict. (TA.) [See also ,..] andfought one iunother. (TA.)

(t1;), and to the legs (~1j): and [the pie.] 1L_, (1,) applied to shanks (TA) and ;._F

, and and t , applied to a how-string; (V.,* TA;) *, the last on the authority of Ibrsheem El-Il,arbee; (TA;) and each of the last three epithets with S added, applied to bow-strings. (IC, TA.) You say also t a:L.~ j A gum having little lesh: (K:) or a thin gum. (TA.) (J,e): (I, TA :) andt J !,


(.,A,,,) and i;:L'-,

;_msVehemesnt. (TS, 1.) So in the saying (lI,) XA severe year. (S, A, I5.) They say also of Ru-beh, I tSevere years: (Jp:) the mase. t.t c form [of the epithet] being used because by i;, is meant ,l,1; or the epithet being used after [They experienced from it vehement strength]: the manner of a subst.: (ISd, TA:) and :; (TS, TA :) or, as Az says, strength and courage. signifies the same: (]:) or the latter, L~ also _a1, in two places. (TA.) -See years of hunger. (Az, TA.) - It- _ L L;t. Courage: (, l, TA:) defence: con- t Vehement [courage, or fight, &c.]. (TA.)_ flict. [8ee also _. ~...l iLC. :A hardplace: ($,V:) ora rugged

M; 1;) the former (., Mb, ,ra4 and preferred by Th, (., TA,) and by the Koofees, (Msb, TA,) and the only word of that form exand %s-.; (Fr, and ; cept vI and jj Mbr, (S,) and by TA;) the latter alone allowed this alone mentioned by 8b, (TA,) and preferred by the Bqrees, (Mlb, TA,) and said by Mbr to 81

644 l? s6! *1;;1, as though he shifted from the better of the two places to the worse thereof, by reason of preposterous desire: (TA:) as also twa..l: opposed to JUl [q. v.], (TA in art. , JL.)--cp & also signifies .t,;.eL (S, TA) in . (TAL.) - Also t The giving, or doing, little of a thing. ' (S, .) You say, W , ,.Sq.Id Yj t Such a one gave, or did, little and of a sort caUed o. . [or ~:,?]; and to u in entertaining. (S. ) Jt is also wild, and cultivated in gardens: the wild see 4 . _ 1 a;...h: see L4 smort is the hotter, and the more contracted; the 4. h'j?l *..a. .l The land became abundant nutriment ofthe garden-sort is the better; and the black is the most ponwerful in its operations: in u~ [q. v.]. (S.)_ . il j,,,.l The people, (the Minh(j, TA:) it isfiatulent, lenitive, diuretic, or company of men, lighted on, or found, i. having the property of increasing the seminal (TA.) -_ Jl - .&..l i q. . , q. v. (A, flutd and the carnal appetite and the blood: T?, 1.) _ [And hence,] *s!l ..- l !The (1]:) Hippocrates says that it has in it twvo sub- peopt, or conpany of nmen, launched into, or stances, which quit it by cooking; one of them entered upon, cheering discourse. (A, TA.) I 'Ab salt, or saline, rwhiM is lenitive; and the other used to say to his companions, I_l I [Launch sreet, which is diuretic; and it clears awayspots ye forth, or enter upon, cteering discourse]; (A, in the skin, and beautijies the complexion, and is TA;) whereupon they would begin to recite benwficial for hot tumours, and its oil is viceable for thde ringworm, or tetter; and its meal, poetry, and to relate the memorable conflicts of for the finid of foul ulcers; and the infuion the Arabs; (A;) because they then entered into thereof,for tootiache, andJbormeling of the lip; traditions and stories of the Arabs, being weary and it clars the voice: (TA:) it also strengthens of the interpretation of the ]Jur-an, [like camels . the body and tie penis; '(!;) wherefore it is betaking themselves to the pasture termed' giwvn asfodder to the stallions of horse and the when weary of that termed .. ] (TA.) [And like, and of camels; (TA;) on' tha condition of in like manner,] o.,l.. also means tThe changing its being eaten not before [other] food nor after from seriousness to jesting or joking. (HIar it, but in the midst thereof; (i ;) or, correctly, p. 10.)_-See also 2. [And see ]".] as in the MinhaJ, it should be eaten betwroen two &L;; (S,~,t) or 't , inf. n. s.._ ; meals. (TA.) (ISk;) I pastured the camels upon .~...(18k, ., .)r [And hence, as camels are pastured upon ~ after they have pastured for a time 1. ., nor. ; and ,, ($, A, Mob, ],) upon..,] ~ .;a~l, and ta.., SlIeshifted aor. , ($,) or :, (I,) or both; (TA;) and him from it [to another thing]. (TA.) be the only word of this form except jl, meaning " short," and J1., the name of a place in Syria, ($, TA,) but Iir did not know this latter form of tdie word; (Az, TA;) [The reicer arietinum; or chick-pe~a;] a ertain grain,(S, Myb, ,) well Aknown, (M#b, ],) of the description termed &UUJI: (AIn:) n. un. as and £a,.: (TA:) it is white, and red, and black,

[Boox I.

and the.1;,.u and te 4 a-nd the L3 and the Ae., and the a and and the J and th ; and the like: (L4B:) or any plant tAat does not dry up in the ; [or spring], but endura tat hot season, having in it saItncs; ohen cmes eat it, they drink upon it; and when they do nog find it, they become thin and weah: (Lth, T:) the Arabs say that the a. is the bread of camnels, and the ' is their fruit, (?, A, M,b, ],*) or, as some say, their flesh-meat; ( ;) or their ,,.': (TA in art. J.:) and they say that ficasl-meat is the , . of men: (TA :) the n. un. is with :' (Mgh:) and the pl. is -, M. (, ) [In Isaiah xxx. 24, the word rendered "clean" in our authorized version is thouight by some to mcan "salt" or "sour."]_ Hence the saying,
and the c * 4 1,s OCIW_ ,;. t They came eagerl.y desiring evil, or mischief, and found himn who cured tlwm of that which affcted them: which is like the saying of Ru-beh, * L.z jt 1 .

uch as the ·

:And hih maho cometh to us seeking to 'do. evil, or mischief, re cure of his diseas: for camels, when they are satiated with it~, eagerly desire [to cure them of the effect of the former]. (TA. [See also .t.q, in art. J.&])_ Hence, also, by way of comparison, ,. is applied to J Evil, and war: and , to ease, or repose; freedom from trouble or inconvenience, and toil or fatigue; or tranquillity; and amplenes of circumstances: (T and TA in art. J .:) and the former, to death: and the latter, to life. (Iam p. 315.)_ , ;l and .~ ;, ; mean ~ , aor.:; (1 ;) inf. n. [of the first] L6 , t A mind thiat takesfright at a thing, and hrinks 5. ',, .3 [app. signifies, in its primary accep(~, Mb, O) and [of the second or third] ' , from it, atfirst hearing it. (TA.) tation, He (a camel) betook himulf to the pasture (as in some copies of the $ and of the g,) or after eating for a time of that t Eager desire for a thing. (], .) It .; (as in other copies of the $ and of the termed termed 3... (See also 1 and 4 and 2.) -And K ;) said of a thing, ($, A, Myb,) or the third is is said in atrad., ., m , i an.. Cj11; said particularly of milk, (",) It was, or became, hence,] ! He shtfted from one thing to another (S, TA;) and in another, ,aZJJ . 'p.i SO J ,.1_ [i. e. acid, tour, sharp or biting to the thAing. (TA.) - [Hence also,] one says to a 2 b.a.; (TA;) [both meaning the same;] t 77w taste, pungent, or in taste like rinegaror like sour man when he comes threatening, J;C.. ear is wont to veect what it hears, not retaining milk: see .b_ below]; (S, Mb, g ;) as also _ 1 [Thou art disordered in temper, there- it, when one is exhorted to do a thing, or for, ,;a., iuf.n ,n z. (TA.) You say, t;. fore sooth thyself]: (S, A:) from i' and bidden to do it, rwhile the mind has eager deire to hear: (lAth:) or the ear retains not all that t.zL. j L.t aG, or t ., (accord. to different .,,i.' (p.) [See also A., in art. J&.] that it hears, while having eager desire for what it copies of the ,)5 He brought us some thick and ,4. [a coil. gen. n.] A kind of plant in deems elegant, of extraordinary matters of disvery sour milk, not to be endured by reason of which is saltnes, (A, Msb,) which camels eat course and speech. (Az.) This usage of the wQrd sourn. (.) - [Hence; or from P., q. v. as thowgh it were fruit, and after which they is taken from the eager desire of camels for ._ infra,] (A%, :l(, , A, ],) aor ' (A, drink: (A:) other plants are termed aA.: when they have become weary of .. ( .) , TA,) inf n. ,W.*. (AV, , ) and (Mb :) or what is salt and bitter, of plants; ,.. ._ and at 3)1 and (I ;) and -_l; ee (A, T$, g ;) he cameus ,2 0 - wo . (s, . ;) such as the .. j and the JU1 and the paIstured upon _ [q. v.]; (An, S, A;) or ate .oO and the like: (S :) what is sweet is called it. (s.) -[And hence, because camels become L2 . [Acidity; sourne; the quality of 3.: (S, I :) or any kind of plant that is salt, weary of eating ; 4&.,] 'fi tI disliked or sour, rising upon [teeral] being sharp or biting to the taste; pun~ y;] ~s, and having him, or it. (fgh, .) - And (because camels are the taste oj that which is termed (P Vit.. .) no [sinfle] J.~l [or stock]: (M [as cited in the eager for ~f after eating long of ".,] :... L, but I doubt whether the passage be correctly [See 1.] £/,a.Jt is also explained signifying ' t zgerly ds~ him, or it. (?gh, V.) transcribed] :) or any salt, or our, kind of trees; That which bites the toue; as tlAe t~ of havig a juicy and quivering leaf, which, whem vinegar, and of milk uch as is terwmUd jj: I. :., inf n. ,sm-.: see 1, finrt signifi- ~quezed, bursts forth with water; and having a which is extr., [if it be meant thereby that the cation. - [It seems to be also syn. with , pungent, or strong, odour; that cleanses the gar- word is thus used as an epithet to qualify a mbst., q. v.: for, _] said of a man, it signifies ,t,~ ment and the hand nhen tAey are washed with it; or as an epithet in which the quality of a mbet.

~?_nnd H_ e: ee.?.

[oorne from this &c.;)


Boox L.]

is predominant, but I rather think that it is a loose way of explainingr it as an inf.n. used as a 3 does not simple subst.,] for [the measure] ai belong [save] to inf. ns. (TA: [in which the word '1 is evidently omitted by an oversight in transcnptlion, and therefore has been supplied by me in rendering the passage.]) LC..' wb.j Land abouiding nwith ~. ; , ,bjt; (S;) and (ISh, ;) as also t sUl: (TA:) pl. of thle first, C.o,ll 1 *?tr. .: ., (uasin some copies of the .K,) or ~ (as in other copies of the same, and in the TA:) and , _ [which seems to be another pl. of the first of these epithets] is explained as signifying land possesing ,.. (TA.)

Wl... [Sorrl; or particularly the rose-flqowered sorn.e; more commonly callcd in thc prcsent day W~ l;] a certain plant haring a redflower; ($;) a herlb, or leguminous plant, of thc hind alaving a produce, or fi'uit, redl termed j1, like blood; (ylam p. 823;) a certain herb (K, TA) growing in the mountains, of herbs of the [season called] ;., (TA,) the leares of which are like those of the .JA, (.K, TA,) large and broad; (TA;) it it acid, (K, TA,) intenxely so; its Jlomer is red, and its leaves arc green: (TA: o ,..r[ini which is here added J. *. j*~1 _, inf. n. j,.3, He awribed to hitn dlay, in Egypt, this name is applied to A species 2. 2. '.,..., app. for i.JI , meaning that it day, of citron, itself, with a conical apex, and very waves much to and fro wlhen blown by the wind, [i. e.foolishne, or stupidity, &c.]. (1, V.) '. [i. and describing its fruit as contuining what re- acid pulp.] 0 ` The light seep in thefirst part aaa..jl -_aa. state semble thle grains of thle pomegranate:]) it is LS,,b~. A certain plant: not from Lb . of the night rendered him like the j..l [i.e. pleasant to tihe taste; (I, TA ;) and is eaten by (TA.) (TA.) foolish, or stupid, &c.]: so says IKh; and he men, but in small quantity: AIIn and Aboo"' . ' * ' .06,0, .06 -0, in aelb~ A confection composed of u ~ 4 of cites, from a poet, the phrase a~ · '0; Ziyiid say, it gro,ws very tall, and htas a n ide leaf, aellbt~ (a which the ., is redundant, and the noun occupies and a redjlorcer,wklich, rwhen it is near to drying the C:.M. CM. (TA.) (TA.) J.1.J jmjl: the place of one in the nom. case. (TA.) ._[And up, becomes n,hite: and Aboo-Ziy{Ld says, in our mountain-country it is abundant; and is of two [Acid; hence, sonr; sharp or biting to the taste; ~.l.. He drank rewine: ( :) or ] if correct,] ~ ' speies; one of these two is acid, [but] pleasant to pungent; having a taste like that of vinegar or lfhe he became intoxicated,so that his reason departed: ;) the taste; (TA;) and one species thereof is thatofxour?nillt;see2.b,go-;](,Msb,K;)applied explained by IAmb; but disallowed by Ezstupidity, (S, Msb,K;)applied thus that ofsournilkl; see .,.,;] bitter; (.K, TA ;) in the lonwer parts af each, (I Zejijee. (I B, TA.) Zejjjee. (IB, milk (TA)and othler thlings; (Msb;) and V when they are full grown, is a redness; and the to sifrliifies the sance, applied to a grape. (TA.)3. M steeds and leaves of the acid species are used signnilies J,d_. HIe aided him in his j [i. e. foolstibminive, submissive, [Ilcnce,] (Lild herb, or leya- [lence,] 1jl ishnoss, medicinallyl: Az says, it is a W al_ J. . :A man wvhose heart ishness, or stupidity, stupidity, &c.]. (~.) finous plant, that grows in the days of the [season or mtind, is altered and bad, (0, g,) .'&il 4. [;.e. foolHe H,.1 found him to be J 1.l called] ;, in the channels .f irater, and has a 1 l ;J t Such i$h, in anger. (O.) And ; ish, or stupid, &c.]. (S, V.) t[e also 10.] redJflowrer, amnd is of the herbs, or leguminous plants, one *4 t .!a He mentioned himn, or spoke of him, aJ .q state of mind; syn.,, : 113B says, the places of a one is in a loatMhing which are termed j: [i.e. foolisjhnes, or stucharacterized by 'k I It J$t. Camels pasturing iaractet*ed its growrth are the small channels aof nater, anel kl:l. (S.)= pidity, &c.]. (TA.) ';.;& %She (a woman) the places to which ralleyx take their courses; 1478M or pastur- brost upon 147 ; (S ;) or eating 9 it; ( ;) ghtforth that was d.[i. e.foolih, brought forth a child ing and in it is acidlity: sometlimes, alo, the people ing upon him*~ after pasturing upon ,~ " &c.]; of sttled habitations nakec it to promo in theirgar- (ISk:) . [i.e. foolish &c.]; (S ;) or broukght forth ) and t*.. (ISk:) pl. L0Lot ~.i1 : (S,:) childrm]. dens, and water it and ststain it so that it does children]. foolish, or children]. (C.)aam.I . [How Camnel.s staying among ; (An , ] ;) as stupid, not dr7y up in the ti,me when the wild herbs, or Carnelo stupid, &c., is he!] an expresion of wonder. also t a., contr. to rule: (TA:) and lenguminous plants, dry up: it is alb saidt in the alSO (TA.) Misah6j that it is both ucilI and groi'ingin gara camel camel eating w . (TA.) (TA.) 5: see see 1. dens; that the wild iu calletd j,L, [but this name is commonly applied to bete,] and in all of this b., and a.., ($,I,) the latter on the : 6. J.1.J3 le affected Il, [. ie. foolisi., there is not acidity: the garden-kind resembles authority of A'Obeyd, (S,) A place in rwhich or stupidity, &c.; meaning he fd~d it]. ('.) the ,j,, and in thits is acidity, and an excessive (S, V. ° ) camels pasture upon ,_,. 7. .m.1l: ee 1. - Abo He cted in the viscous moisture: the best is the acid, garden- 0 manneroftlo 2 manner of the l U14- [i. e.foo/i, or stupid, &.]; hind: here ends the quotation from the Minhlaj: ,i a l: see 2.he (K (Y.;) (TA:) each specie, (Q, TA,) the bitter and the (Lth,T,Mgh,.)-(IY;) and so tj.,_t. He (a man, TA) was, or became, abject, humbe, pleasant, or the garden-kind and the wild, (TA,) > W1.se ,a... or is good for thirst, and for inflammation arising or submissive, (, TA,) and impotnt to do, or L.01 !i.:i 0 ,C Mills slow in thickning. (Ibn- accomplish, a thing. (TA.) It (a ganrent) from yelloU bile; and strengthens the bowels; bocameoldlandwornow. and allays having of tAc stomach, and hot palpi- 'Abbid, became oldl and worn ot. (, Mgh, 1 TA.)_ 'Abb6d, ]g.)

pl. 64M &a]. &c.]. S) intellect livid] or M, or stupid, a neck, l &c., have him fation, !ation, and tooth-ache; and is goodl for the black staqnant, what in [or livid] jaundice; (I,* TA;) and, when cooked, 0, aor. ],) and and ., aor. ; (T, ?, Mgh, 1. _., aor. '-; and applied externally, for the leprosy; and for the clay latter, blqb, (TA:) Mb,Iband , &c.;) inf. n. (of the former, $) Itm, littlo, purse, the and the ringn,orm .qn,orm (.t&); andfor glandularsweUllings a simple subst., (Myb,) and (of (S, I~,) or this is womanj in the neck, so much so that it is aid to do good (?, says 66. -odour a (~, Mgh,0 Mqb,0 1) and _; the latter, S) t. to him wvho has thee even when hung upon the the V;) stupid; i. e., was, or became,foolish, or ( ;) He neck: explained for the mange, also, it is good liad nech: with vinegar, ,cLl or a idi ; (T, Mgh, unsound in or intellect or understanding orscab or scab; and it is astringent; and puts a stop to Ptuound Mqb;) he and malacia (;) stagnant, or dull, therein (T, Mgh;) ;ij, lit. "the longing Mqh;) malacia [so I render CLi1 ;qv citron, or or do or defective, therein; (IF, Mgh;) or deficient, for clay "]: its seeds are cold in the first degree, for or or he had little, or no, intellect or understanding; and and have an astringent prolerty, particularly ;);) as also ' jg !land t . 1I (V) and (S, Ithe whenfried: when fried: (TA:) they say that if these be hung, e.foolishnon, e.foolihum, man, J;.J. One says to (TA.) [See _, below.] · 'j.3. in a purse, upon a woman's left upper arm, she place in stupidly, a man, I. and *', [as though he were a will not becomne pregnant as long as they remain upon when hc speaksl foolishly, upon her: (1K,* TA:) they are also good for the. she-liyena, she-hyena, or a woman,] ` sting of scorpions; and if some of the seeds be or or stupidly, or says what is not like anything. swallopred beJbfore the scorpion's stinging, its sting'ng- (AZ, , (M,M,:,) voe ,.1U.). - j. -J. (AZ,TA man, ing wtill not Ahurt. (TA.) ~Also IV/tat is in the w.goi w witdh ordamm; (so in two copies of the 1;) or, as and interior interior of the [kind of citron called] C jl: in [some (TA;) and copies of] the ?, %s.; (A, .:) n. un. with ;: (A:) it is cold and drsy (A, Mgb, 1;) The t market was, or ' :...ca 1 ; (~,Mgh, in the third degree; used as a liniment, it removes became, stagnant, or dull, with respet to trajic. became freckles and the like, and clears the complexion; ($, "J(S, M, Mgh, n, TA.) And 4,J '..i t.; His and ) the yellow bile; and mti.chandim and it suppresses ( t tea, mtrchandisewas, or became, nmsalable, or diffiijtittd, gives appetite for food; and is good for hot cult &&~I of sale, or in little demnd. (TA.) palpitation; and made into a beverage, it veetens aor. palpitation; aor.:, inf. n. .L , t His beard became light, or milk the odour of the mouth; and is good for loosnets He had had the the diseae dinase scant.y. ~' ` He arising from yelloiv bile; and is suitable for scanty. (Myb.) _~ ter);wd jt;;.. (TA.) ter)med jtl;;.. thom wvho are fevered. (TA.) [In the present those

*1, is when


646 tIt (food, or wheat,) became cheap. (Az, TA.) ' A .3 . JI-_...-: see 1. 10. , 1..: see 1: and 7. *m',-:,,I lhe counted, accounted, or esteemed, him ,c.1 [i. e. foolish, or stupid, &c.]: (S, Mgll, TA:) or hefound him to be so; like :!&.1. (TA.)

J.- see 3G-.


[Boox 1.

,.. Fooli.*lne·, or stupidity; i. . unsoundnes in the intellect or understanding; (T, Mgh, M9b;) and stagnancy, or dulnes, therein; (T, Mgh;) or deficiency, or defectirenss, therein; (IF,Mgh;) or paucity, or mant, thereof; and t _ and ,i.., signify the same: (S, : [all are aid to be inf. ns.; but the last, accord. to the Mqb, is a simple subst.: (see 1 :)] the proper and primary signification of _ is [said to be] the putting a thing in a wrong place, nith knorledge of its being bad [to do so]. (TA.) [Hence,] jAll i The sleep after [the priod of the tertmoon called] the yu; when no one sleeps except one who is intoxicated, or one who is insane, or unsound in mind. (Ilar p. 223. [Sec also 3p. and ,...])-.And Deceit; or a deception. (TA.).-.[It is aid thst] g,JI also signifies Wine: (Z, g:) as being a cause of j; like as wine is called ., as being a cause of ) : (Z, TA:) but Ez-Zejj&jee disallows this: and [it is also said that] t "!l signifies the same, because wine occasions j to its drinker. forth ,m [i. e.foolish childrn]. ($,1].) (TA.) the phrase J, J because the j~. de: eeo j...I.-Also t Having a scanty ceives one at first by what he says. (TA.) Thie j _ A man [or child] affected with ,jt. sounds of wailing for the dead, and trilling, or [q. v.]. (A 'Obeyd, S.) heard. (IDrd, g.) quavering, in playing, are termed iJ~1 because O~: see ii. of the of the person from whiom they prosIl..: see ceed. (Mgh.)_ w, .J ;l.i (S, 1~) and 1. .~, aor. , inf n. ;; (Q, Mgb, Myb, jt_ (S, 15) and Jtim (1Sd, 1])and ,.:J1! a4, (I(,) the latter for l*.a .Jl - JI J&i, K, &c., in some copies of the .S . ) and -0.aL, ;) (Mghl, 1g,) He bore it, carried it, took it up and (AZ, 1O) and V t,4. (IDrd, ]O) The g~.. [or i q. a, ! [Garden purslan]; (.,ISd, stmall-.pox]: (s :) or the like thereof, (?, ]g,) which is the name applied to it by the vulgar; carriedit, conveojcd it, or carriedit off or away, ,rhieh attach a human being. (e,) and sneads in (ISd, TA;) the chief of herbs, or leguminous (MA,) ji ;J (S, MA,) upon his back, or a scattered manner upon tle body, or peron: plants: called by those names because exuding U ,pon his head; (MA;) and 9.A.;.t (1]g:) accord. to Lh, a certain thing that comes mucilage (a*d), so that it is likened to the 'I! 4.; signifies ithe same: (Mqb, V:) or the latter is forth upon chldiren. (TA.) whose slaver is flowino: IDrd says, they assert tused in relation to an object inconsiderable and that it is so called because it grows in the tracks -'~' a contracted dim. of ~O 1; or dim. of small in comparison with that in relation to which of men, so that it is trodden upon; and in water*~: [the dim. form being app. used in this the former is used; as in the saying of Encourses, so that the water uproots it: IF says case to denote enhancement of the signification: that it is so called because of its weakness: and NAbighah, (TA,) (see also ir :)] so in the prov., (TA,) .Jp it is said that some persons, hating 'Aisheh, called xx_ [A4 vry foolist, or stupid, man knew it il,t L1_; but this is one of their fanciful his camel]; i. c. he knew thus much, although assertions; for such Wvas its name in the time of to.! [Verily we have divided our two qualities betwren j~ 1: or, as some relate it, ·.. tl J;., utter paganism: so says Sgh. (TA.).[.,-[ i.e. his camel hntew him, [namely, a ~ry foolish, also signifies Mfore, anid most, foolish, or stupid, us, and thou last borne as thy share goodnes, or stupid, man,] and emboldened himself against and I have borne as my share rickedneuss]. (TA &c. Hence,] it is said in a prov., aL. e . ~.1 him; or it means that he knew his quality: (], in the present art., and ? and TA &e. in arts. t TA:) it is applied to thie case of excenive fa- [Morefoolish, or stupid, than a plant of garden- and yq.) Hence, in the lur [xx. 100], Z'} miliarity with men: (TA:) or to him who deems pur·lane: explained by what precedes]. (TA.) j.. [He shall bear, on the day jj: t a i . ] And in a a,;; a man weak, and is tnerefore fond of annoying, [See also another prov. voce i. of reurrection, a heavy burden]. (TA.) Hence J LjI or molesting, him, (g, TA,) and ceases not to act trad., j..1 1j... [TIe mostfoolish of , wrongfully towards him: or, as some say, [j.~s. foolishnes, or the most stupid of stupidness, is also, in the ]Jur [vii. 189], 4t :&; is here a proper name; and] this person had a vice, or immorality, or unrighteousne]. (A in [She bore a light burden]; ($,TA;) i.e., [as some say,] the seminal fluid. (TA.) Hence also, camel with which he was familiar, and he made art. ,..) 1 in the ]5ur [xxix. 00], 3 an attack upon him. (TA.) [See Freytag's Arab. a Zl; ! 61j Li..l is from ;. JI, like .j_.1 from Prov. ii. 85.] ijj [And how many a bast is there that does :o_JI, and 4 from ,_'JI: (TA:) it not bear its sustenaonce!], meaning, tdoe not pro: see . signifies An action, or a deed, of those that are vide its sustenance, but is sustained by God. .V_~: see a.*~1. done by the 4s [i.e.foolish, or stupid,person]; (TA.) ' 1J! ' [lit. He carr~ fir~od], I

(Mgh ;) [a foosh, or stupid, action or tod:] it is like t J_~,, which means an action, a t~ : see m and d: ~. practice, or a habit, in wr/ich is ~ [i. t. efoolisness, or stupidity, &dc.].(TA.) One says, ~$ see what next follows. J3J.t1 'I [Such a onefoU into the commission of a foolish, or stupid, action, &c.]. (TA.) a,e-., (K,) but in the Tekmileh withl teshdeed to the k, and with kesr to the same, [app. [See Ui..] 6· 1. 0~F sand iwi (1,10 A woman who brings t i_.,] (TA,) and ., (1g,) Foolish, or ,stupid, Q~t in the utmot degqee. (Ibn- .forth a child that is Sj.1 [i. e. foolish, &c.]; 'Abbad, , TA.) [It seems to be implied in thc (S;) or wrho brings forth J [i. e. foolish children]: (V1:) or, accord. to IDrd, the latter I that j_.I signifies the same: but see this has this signification; but the former signifies a word below.] man lwro begctts ; and he does not allow its j.._ (., Mgh, M,b, K, &c.) and *,,. ($, applicatiol to a -woman. (TA.) - it.i. Mgb) and tot .~' [whether with or without The ,,ights [that make a fool of one; i.e.] tenween is not shown] (Sb, TA) Foolish, or .ttuduringf the whole of which the moon is above the pid; i. e. unsoumd in intellect or understandin.q; horizon but intercepted by clouds; so that one (T, Mgh, Msb ;) and stag9ant, or dull, therein; imagines that he has arrived at the time of morning; (T, Mgh;) or deficient, or defbctive, therein; (A,O,15,TA;) because he sees light, but sees not IF, Mgh;) or lthaing little, or no, intelUect or the moon: derived from jo I. (TA.) One unders·tading: (S, g :) few. of the first ,4_.; says, .ti 1j ? [He, or it, deceird (S, Mb;) and of the second UA~.: (TA:) pl. of the first, applied to men and to wonien, (S, me wvith the deceiving of the nights thus called]. (TA.) And you say, : ° 4 ,Up. :?[we 1g,) j._, (so in two copies of the S,) or o-, journeyed during such iights]; because the rider with two dammchs, (1g,) and U~ and .t~ therein thinks that he has arrived at the time (,) and jti. (Sgh, O.) and !t_. (Ibn- of morning until he becomes weary. (TA.) 'Abbad, 1.) Accord. to some, ~..I is from the jt;La A woman who is accustomed to bring phrase j.. :JI and accord. to some, from




(A in art. .. , ) or fj MI l j..l [juicy, or or] concealed in his mind rancour, malevolence, Lr;..l Li; j tIt (a word) is tnade to accord fresh, firewood], (Er-R4glhib, TA,) means :he t malice, or spite, against such a one. (TA.) And syntactically with its meaniny: and iS; J; goes about with calsumny, or slander. (A in art. ' C i0, i. e. 1' ' [which may be JLI t It is made to accord syntactically with its .A~, and Er-Righib' and TA.*) c :, meant as the explanation of Lj '9, i. e. t Such tgrammatical character: the former is said when, a one shows (or will not conceal) his anger; and Iojl, (Mqb, TA,) aor. :, (TA,) inf. n. t, in a sentence, we make a mase. word fem., and (Mlb, TA,) [He carried him, or mounted kim, thus SM understood it; or as the explanation of the contrary, because the meaning allows us to alone, i. e. such a one will not show his (namely, a man, M,b) upon the beast; as also J~. substitute a fern. syn. for the masc. word, and a (K,) masc. syn. for the fem. word: for ex., it is said t* 1..l.] And .L. [alone] He gave him a anger]: (Az, TA:) [for] .- i. l j~., beast upon which to ride. (T, TA. [See ]lir aor. , inf. n. j.., (TA,) means ! he showed, or in the lur vi. 78, l j ~ Ji . ' l i,,;; ai ix. 93.]) '41A is not used in this sense. (T, manifested, anger. (1K, TA.) And hence, it is ii"And when he saw the sun rising, he said, said, is the saying, in a trad., J i ~ t.l !it This is my Lord :" here (by saying Ubj4) *.ll TA.)_ See also 4.-_.;S,i fr -,, aor. , (g,) :g '. ... sI, i. e. t[ V/en the water amounts to is first made to accord syntactically with its graminf. n. 0_., (TA,) : The toman became pregnant, the quantity of two veuel. of the kind called or conceived: (],TA:) and LaJ; .,a.. She matical character (LJii l Ui j.ai); and then became pregnant with, or conceived, her child: ahX,] impurity does not appear in it: (0, ,0 (by saying IU. instead of ,J.) it is made to (Msb:) one should not say, , :,.; or this TA:) or the meaning is, t it does not admit the accord syntactically with its meaning ( J'_ ~ is rare; (1] ;) or one should not say this, but it bearing of imnpurity: for one says, J. . Lyja.l), which is .~.Jl or the like: this is allowis frequently said; (IJ, TA;) [for] as J is .. 1J, i. e. t such a one refuses to bear, or submit able; but the reverse in respect of order is of syn. with -c, (Msb, TA,) and the latter is to, and repelsfrom hiirsneJ; injury. (Myb.) You weak authority; because the meaning is of more Cj0. a t lIe conceived, in importance than the grammatical character of the trans. by means of ¥, the former is thus made say also, liW consequence of that, disdain, or scorn, arisin word. (Collected from the Kull pp. 16 and 157, trns., (TA,) therefore one says, LW us : N ... WI.z. ~" 5j. I.Li, mcaning She became preg- from indignation and anger. (TA in art. %.l, and other works.)] -_~ 1~. &;. t [IlH ... Jl j t[liebore inhis nant wnit him, or conceived him, in such/ a night, from a trad.)put the bet conutruction upon it; namely, a saymemory, knowing by heart, the tradition, or and in such a place. (Msb.) :.J~ is also said ing: J.~ being here an inf. n.]. (TA in art. r of a eweo or she-goat, and of a female beast of narrative, or story; and in like manner, O l 4i t lie attributed it to, J. L , vtl)- [.I ' prey, [and app. of any female,] accord. to IAar; the Kur-6n]. (Myb in art. .21 )- t or charged it upon, the copyitt; namely, a mismeaning t She aus, or became, in the first stage and * tV;; and C.a, t He relied upon such a take. .l l I ', said of a mistake, occurs of pregnancy. (TA.) - ; .JI,, inf. n. one in intercession, and in a case of need. (TA.) in the V in art. i -i in ,i1S Jj t The e-camel was coered ~, t TIe tre [bore, or] prodiuced, or put - aL forth, its fruit. (Msb.) -, 0*, and lby a stallion. (M in art. j....) ; [as logic, means t .e predicateda thing of another thing.] -See also ' '.. a.,', inf. n jt.., t[ie see 2, in three places. _ bore, or took upon syn. with 4-]: £Imelf, the responibility, or he was, or became, ve_Jl 2;JUI 'si u t [He tasked hit 2. . 1 4l , (MNb,) and bCjjl, (,TA,) responsible, for a debt, and a bloodwit :] (Msb:) beast beyond it power in journeying, or marchking, inf. n. J, (TA,) He made kim, or constrained [for] 't _, aor. , inf. n. aE~t, signifies Ja. or in re.pect of pace]. (. in art. ,.) And him, to bear or carry [Ite thin, and the * sae; (C,'g:) And jjI.t j. and t y9. t [lIe jo1i LL , L5kt Hejaded, orfatigued, 1 and in like manner, was, or became, rponsible for the bloodwit, or himself, or tasked .J , 'J ..].- (~, hitnself beyond his power, in debt or the litke]: both signify the same: (S,TA:) journyi.ng, or malrching. (8, TA.) M b,' TA.) [And alone, He loaded Aim; h.;, 9 [See also B.] and Ov v3. tHe took it upon hkinself, or -- ~.1~ namely, a camel, &c.] You samy also, &*I °i. , 4. J ,; , in. n. ;. [which is became responsible, or anm'erable,for it: (Mqb properly an inf. n. of 1 4., inf. n. of the former J3* and j un.], (T, 8,) t Ile charqed, in art. AS:) and i' tj:.3 t He took, or or maude an assault or attack, upon himn in war, like .l., [which is of the dial. of El-Yemen], imposed, upon himself, or undertook, the main or battle. (TA.).-9 ' JU QJ; " . tI and of the latter verb °L.3 and jLt3 [like part of it: (Jel in xxiv. 11:) and tl tJ . made mischief, or I excited disorder, disagree?1 tc.], (1,) t He imposed upon Ahim the & t Ire took, or imposed, upon himnself, or under- mennt, disaeasion, or strife, between, or among, the ./.X ajfair, as a task, or in spite of dilficulty or trouble took, the thing, or ahair.; he bore, or took upon 1 4, or inconvenience, and he undertook it, as a task, himsV,/ the Inrden thereof. (L in art. %U.) You sons of such a one. (AZ, S.)_ nor.;, t He incited, excited, urged, instigated, say, . , (g, TA,) or And L. 1l "L... induced, or made, him to do the thing, or affair. &c. (Myb in art. j.i..) (TA,) t [A party bore, or took upon itself, for a (Isd,l.)_-[r t'~J t [I imposed upon him my qafair, as lki uic l;iU > , aor., party, the responsibilityfor a bloodtait, or a debt a task, &c., but he did not undertake it]. (TA.. inf. n. J.., a phrase often used in lexicology and or the like;] as also l, .J. ($.) [And j,. grammar, t He ma le, or held, a word, or an eo- It is said in the kur [xxiv. 53], ~ t. d;, t-lj C1 o~ o~ 5; t He bore, or took upon pression, to accord in form, or in meaning, or $;.Jl" :/CjW t [Upon him r;st only that himuefl, for sCh a one, the retponsibility, to such syntactically, with another word, or epression. which he hashad imposed upon him; and upon you, a one, for such a thing.] And i i*iL. at. ;.j One says, )±l l& J.~ tIt (a word) is that which ye have had imposed upon you]: i. e., 0,i t He bore, or took upon himself, the rvepon- .uuade to accord in form with those words with upon the Prophet rests the declaring of, that sibility for the bloodwits between people, in order which it may be comlpared that constitute the which has been revealed to him; and upon you, to make peace between them, whenl war had greater number: thus one says of eta2, which the following him as a guide. (TA.) And ¢ Lj occurred between them, and men's blood had is made to accord in form with words of the been shed. (TA, from a trad.) _- L . measure ,jJ, though it has not a fem. of the 4 WdoJ Lot ho i L pos toO oour Lord, t [I.e made himself chargeable with wrongdoing]. measure ;, in '.j~, preference to because and do not Thou impose upon wua burden, like (l,ur xx. 110.). [i~t.gl3.: see i;ol: accord. words of the measure ii , are more numerous as Thou imposedst it upon thos before us: 0 to some, it means t He took upon hiuself, or than those of the measure i. And j A our' Lord, and do not Thou impoe~ uponi u that accepted, the trust: accord. to others, he was .-h,i u tIt (a word) is made to accord in wvhich. we have not poeer to bear]: (lgur ii. last unfaithful to it: and t L.i ! means the same.] form with its contrary in meaning: thus jL., verse:) or, accord. to one reading, '_3, which _ i.js;l /i.~: see 8. __ Jc.: see 8._ an anomalous pl. of ,.., is made to accord. in has an intensive signification [when followed by ,9iU . 81 eW ~ ~ t Suckh a one [bLre form with o s~, a regular pl. of .~', And JS.]. (Bd.)-[- ; iL.~ tHe charged hita




048 e


[Boox T.

O l.1 ' ' gf of interpretation]. (Mqb, Kull.)._-, owith a crime, or an o,fence: see a verse of En- inconvenience, and fatigue: whence, LJU.. i. e. t Sometimes the game wilU t Anger disquieted, or lurried, him. (Mj, TA.) .'l,, jd;: NAbighah cited voce ,c.] [alone] t Be cwa disquieted, or constrain itself to fly, notwithstanding difficulty, And ji.l 3. 1_to. [He bore with him a burden]. You (T, TA:) or, accord. to the by anger: .flurried, flurried, and will fly. (Mgh.) [See also two similar J t [He &c., say, of a Wezeer, ji:,l 1 JUI Mj accord. to the 1p, followed by but 0; and M and _t3;1 is JJ#. phrases in the first paragraph.] bore with the King the burdens of the regal angry, and his colour wa t he (TA;) i,1J; dig; used as its inf. n., and also as a noun of place: qfJice]. (A in art. Ji.') [See also 4.]-Also Sithe (a woman) chaged. (., TA.) - [;!_1 IC ckmged. .. t+le re 7uited him; namely, a man: or, accord. using it as an inf. n., you say, used a drug, or the like, in the manner of a supt [There is not, in such a one, wrongL;l.. signifies the requiting with bene- i. e. Jt;3 to AA, pository in the ragina: so in the present day: a..; i doing, &c.]: and using it of a place, ficence. (TA.) and so in the 1], on the words Leri and ;j t [This is our place of rvrong-doing, or wrong4. a.l He helped him to bear, or carry, treatment, &c.]. (S, TA.) -J..Il He bought what is termed J~, &c.]_ &c.] (T, $,) that which he was bearing, or carrying: is put for c.i>] 7. .'Il , J.;.1 t ilIe was, or became, in- i. e. a thing [in the C]5 t .JI 4u.1 he helped (T, TA:) or you say, to another (1, or town one country made, frjom or carried carried induced, instigated, urged, excited, him to bear, or carry, tle load, or burden: and cited, TA) among a party of captives. (TA.) (ISd, l.) to do the thin,, or a.ffir'. O4 JIJ j;. [he did that with him]. i. o. ~., L "O' ..l JIe raised a thing upon his back. "l s JLw [i. e. 8. signifies 10. ':;'l_ She (a (M, 0, 1.) [See also 3.]Iand places: five 1, in also 41.).-See p. (lar me a beast on to give or me, carry him to I asked mnil her 0) yielded woman, ;, 5, and a camel, or endured, bore, le t places. three in 5, see t lie im4A...L.,h LZ ($.) 15.) ($, rid1e]. to which muck without being pregnant. 4 L sustained. (KL.) You say, ; L po.ted posed upon him his wants and affairs. (M, ]g.) 5. ,.Z;3 Hs took upon himself the bearing, or t [I bore, or endured, what proceeded from him, arrying,of loads, or burdens: this is the primary R. Q. 1. J.* He carried water. (Ibnor what he did or said, or] I forgave what ro[Hence, tHe bur'Abb4d, signification. (lar p. 48.) K.) 'Abbad, ceeded from him, andfeigned myself neglectJil of dened himsref with, or he became, or made ,l. [inf. n. of 1, q. v. -: Gestation: see an .;_. [inf. and chargeable with, or hec bore, or took it. (M 9b.) And 1sJ;1 ;. his~, upon himself, tse burden of, a .sin, or crime, t [I bore, or endured, his presumptuousne. occa- ex. voce jl. - And hence,] t The young that tioned by his confiding in my love]. (S.) And ix borne in the womb (M,' ) of any animal; (M, Jou say Li'....l yJ,l:] or the like; as also .1 t [lIe bore rith, endured, suffered, or TA;) and t the fruit of a tree, (IDrd, , M, meaning Z~.3. (Jel in iv. 112 and xxxiii. 58.) ; (IDrd,, M, :) or tolerated, him; or] he bore, or endured, his Mob, ,) as also * : Ja.J t He took, or imposed, upon And i, is in a belly, or on that thing the former, t the himslf a debt, or fine. (MA.)- [And hence, annwyance, or molestation, (,I1 J.m.L,) and M, Mgh, I :) and $, (ISk, a tree: of head the likewise, several other significations :] see 2, in feigned himself negleetful of what proceededfrom (M.ob, ](,) or carried, borne, thing a the latter, t him, and did not reprore him. (Ifar p. 41.) And two places: - aend 8: - and 1, in six plates. (Meb;) or burden;] a load, [i.e. bach; on the he acted Also He bound the load, or burden, [or the loads, J..!l tHe was forbearing, or clement; the head: on or back the is on that the thing or burd.ns, on the saddle, or saddles, or on the with forbearance, or clemency; he treated with burden ta the former, or g:) M-gh, M, (I S, (ISk, sig- forbearance, or clemency, him who reviled him: beast, or beasts;] (Iar p. 48;) and t*.jl that is borne internally; as the young in the (TA:) he forgave an offence; as also ,;.3: load, the placed, or he put, or] nifies [the same, belly, and the water in the clouds, and the fruit or burden, [or the loads, or burdens,] on the ([iar p. 637 :) and &;' t t he treated him l, to the J.4 of the saddle, [or saddl, or on the beawt, or beasts.] with forbearance, or clemency. (15, TA.) [And in the tree as being likened woman: and t the latter, a burden that is borne and 4' l ,.t (lar p. 66.) - [And hence,] I_. ttie bore wealth; or he had, or extertially; externally; as the thing that is borne on the jouror departed, away, wrnt They t 1tp a. exercsed, the quality of doing so; generally back: back: (Er-Rughib, TA:) or [when applied to neyed. ($, TA.) meaning, in a oecoming, or proper, manner; but fruit] fruit] the former signifies afruit that it internal: and t the latter, afruit that is external: (M, I :) 6. 4; .*t3.J [He bore, bore his roeight, also absolutely, as is shown by the phrase] ;. pressd, or pressed eavily, upon it, or him]. .;l J ;'~ t [The bea,ing of wealth ill, or in or the former,ffruit of a tree wren large, or much: an eil manner]. (Er-ItRghib voce , 1 .) And and t the latter, fruit when not large, or when .. . 'f , You say, ,~. not much and large: (Q accord. to different [He bore, bore his weight, pressed, or pressed ,a4t J B.I t lIe bore the benefit as a badge, copies:) copies:) this is the saying of AO, mentioned in heavily, upon the head of his spear, leaning upon and war thankful, or grateful, for it. (18d, 1.) jthe the T, in art. J.*;, where, in the copies of the it, in order that he might die]. (Mgh in art. - [In lexicology, said of a word or phrase or T Lt, not ,C . La: (TA:) T, is found j..Ct [I pressed, sentence, t It bore, admitted, or was susceptible and the former also occurs as meaning a burden b 4i; ' .J ,j.) And .. tw or an interpretation: and, that requires, for the carrying it, a beast or the or pressd heatily, upon it, like the squeezer of of, a meaning, a sense, admitted, or was sseptible it bore, t elliptically, hire of a porter: (Mgh:) the pl. [of pauc.] of fruit &c.]. (MNb in art. ja.) - [Hence,] t e of, two, or more, different meanings, senses, or unor wrongfully, him the latter (Mgh, Mqb, 1) and of the former (1) treated or him; mwoyed interpretations;it was equivocal.] In the coniustly. ($, Mgh, and liar p. 80.) And it is and [tbe pl. of mult.] ($, Mgh, Msb, O1) ventional language of the lawyers, and the Mus- is tL~*_ Pi l ,14 J4... lim theologians [and men of science in general], (of the former, 1,* TA) J.;~ (15? and (of the auted that one says, Y * meaning t Tine, or fortune, turned from such a (MNqb,) it is used, (Kull,) or may be used, (M.b,) latter, Me.b) iJ. (Mb, 1) and il~. (l, M, one, aNl tooA away Ahi property: and J.1m.3 as importing supposition, and admissibleness, or Mgb,8 Mgbh, gh.) Hence, (in a trad., TA) L.Jl Ij and ibid.) is intrans.: (liar it used, him. to thus and favourable allowableness; l t It became t.w t [This is thefruit: not tle fruit . J -1d- dt _[Also] t.He imposed upon him, or tasked also as importing necessary implication, and in- pf of Kheyber]: meaning that it is the fruit of him with, that which he was not able to bear, or r clusion; and tlhus used, it is trans.: you say, Paradise Paradise; and that it does not fail, or come to an *5 -- J.1, (9, I, ' . . t [It is supposalle, or end. (M, V1.)- See also what next follows. s, to do. (M,0,]) And , and. n, (M, g,) t II, e admissible, or allowable, that it may be tl,ns; or . .'1J.3 O,) or. see .:;, in five places._j, , (S, . _: ace whllichl is inponed upon Aimulf, or tasked himself with, oi r simply it may be thus; as also ., ., (M, K,) and of t,m; Mi, ;,) as pl. of jl_ t , · coutrained himself to do, the thing, or affair, , often used in this sense]: and tA,^. also, [Vehicles of the hind likewise signifies (],) [The case necessarily impliedl, or innotwithstanding difficulty, or trouble, or incon' ;pS't [pl. of ;9i], (M, V,) whether O, 1,) and fatigue. (M, TA.: cluded, many (posible) modes, or manners of caUed] caUed] E;,1 rnience, (M, M, having women or not: (M, TA:) them in t I constrained myse4 being; or admitted of being put, or explained, or j l And S, M, (AZ, or are .tl, which upon camels t r understood, in many wrays; or bore many hinds to walk, notwrithstanding dfficulty, or trouble, o, 1



Boot I.] O, ],) wrether there be in them women or not: Cl U,' agreeably with the next of the explana(AZ, , 0 :) it is not applied to camels unlem tions here following,] that is carriedfrom one (M, TA.).-See country or tow to another (!, TA) ansorg a they have upon them jj_. party of captiv. (TA.) -- A captive; because also Jm, and I,.

meaning of a pas. part. n. (f$, TA.) - Also, accord.'to the 1, The loads, or burdone, themselves: but this, accord. to the eand M [and

Mgh] and .gh, is [;lj.,

a pl. of J:.,] with

3 A lamb; i. e. the oung one of the em in the first year; (Mgh, Mb;) i. q. O.j; ( ;) or 6 asuthe .Jj; [explained in the X in art. such as has srhpkind; or male young one of the patured, and becor~e trong]: (:, and J and Myb in art. ,s. :) or such as is termed , [i. e. a year old, or from six to ten months,] of the young of the sheep-kind; and less than this [in age]: (ISd,l5:) accord. to Er-RAghib, it [borne, or carried]; and the signifies young of the sheep-kind is particularly called thus because borne, or carried, on account of its impotence, and of the nearness of the time when its mother was pregnant with it: (TA:)


(Mgb.) - One who it carried a child from his country, not born in [the territory of]J Ei-Isldm: i' .ti. q. ji and JQD: so in the laying, (Q,0:) or one who is carriedfrom hi. country ,f ': .I n tzHe is a burdn upon us; one to the country of El-dldm: or a child with a we hav to rsupport]. (0, ].) - Al,d esid wrhom woman who carme it, and says that it is her won: a, and qyn. with q. v. q, or any relation, or kiuman, in the territory of to be sing. of j;l the enemy: (Mgh:) or one that is carriedfrom ;~*: see a ,e in two placea. the territory of the unbeliever to that of ElIdgm, and who is therefore sot allowed to inj3t 1A porter, or carrierof burdeu. (M,b, herit without evidence: (Tb, TA:) or a child in .)--._.J! Ijtl.; [is applied in the gur the belly of his mnother when taken from the land cxi. 4 to a woman, lit. meaning The female carof the unbelievers. (1:.) -A foundling, or child rier of firewood: and a an intensive epithet is cast out by his mother, whom personJ carry off applied to a man, as meaning] tTAe calumniator, and rear: (1 :) in some copies of the 1], 4y is erroneously put for ._ji. (TA.)-t One whose origin, or lineage, is supected; or who claim for his father one who it not; or who is claimed as a eon by one who is not his fathu r; ($, Mqb, 1;.) - t A stranger: ( :) syn. as being likened to [the jto_ of] the torrent, or to the child in the belly. (Er-Rghib,TA.)t One who is responible, or a surety, (1, M 9 b, 15,) for (.,) a debt or a bloodwit; as also tj._.: (Mqb:) because he bears [or is burdened with] the obligation, together with him upon whom the obligation properly rests. (TA.) - t What is a nd r.a; (, i~thered and black of theo.i TA) and v& and Zi. (TA.)__tThe [thong calUed] z' [of a sandal]. (0, :.) In one copy of the 1], iA1l is put in the place of j).J,l. (TA.)

carried from one country or town to another. namm [to the C]. (TA.)

($, M, Mgh, $gh, MYb, 1) and jl1i (M, Ig.) - [Hence,] j.a.I t [The sign Aries;] a certain sign of the zodiac; (1t;) tAe first of the signs of the zodiac; ($;) the consteUllation pl.


or slanderer. (TA.)


[Bearing, carrying, taLing up and

comprising, first, the *. I, which are its two horns; then, the ' ; then, the . (T, TA.) _l. , t [We and ' One says, J.JI *' were, or hare bee, #icen rain by the auroral setting of Aries: so the pagan Arabs used to say: see :; and see . ,)j;, ;l in art. P].

(TA.) One says also, Wt U

. I,1 t [Tlis is

Aries, rising]; suppressing the Jl, but making the noun to remain determinate; and thus one does in the case of every name of a sign of the zodiac, preserving the JI or suppressing it. (TA.)

carrying, conveying, or carrying off or afiay ;] act. part. n. of 1 having for its object what is borne on the back [&c.]: (Mqb:) fernm. with i: (, Mqb:) pl. masc. ,~: (, TA:) and pl. fem. i[Tse (TA.) Henoe, 't bearers of the ~y%or empyrean, held by the vulgar to be the throne of God]. ($, TA.) And the phrue lej ;,~ 1 JCi [in the l]ur li. 2, lit. And the bearers of a load, or Amey load:] mean. ing tthe clouds. (TA.) - Applied to a woman, t Pregnant; (f, Mgh, Mtb, ], &c. ;) u also


(Q, Myb, 15:) the former as being an


signifies also t Clouds containing much , TA:) or blach clouds: (T, TA: [see also 3.4o, below:]) or, as some say, the il.q. ,A blood,,it, (?, 1, TA,) or a debt, an rain[,uppo~d to be iven] by theA [see above] of obligation, or a reponsibility, that must be paid, J;;J1. (TA.) discharged, or performnud, takem upon himelf by ':. t' A charge, or an asault or attach, in a person, (?, TA,) or tak upon themslves by a party of mn, (V, TA,)for others; (?, V, TA;) war, or battle. (T, ]5.) as also t1 ,, acord. to the T and M; or i : see what next follows. vjl., accord. to the ]g: (TA:) or a repon;j and. ; 1;' , *i._and t 'Q. Carriagefromone .b [app. sibility whicA one taka upon himelf for a debt obtain; for the Arabs say here meaning country, or town, or the like,] to or a bloodwit: pl. -,jt.: (Mb :) the pL of and S . a*nd ,&A t.!;j and that, coranother. (1i.) .- . (i.) , is, rectly speaking, 3.T and 3u and .Sand an inf. n. of ,. [q. v.]. (Mgh, .) the like are epithets maec. in form applied to aJI.. The occupation, or busine, of a porter,
water: (M, ~Also A beast upon which a premnt is borne. (M, Mgh, O, 15.) . Hireforthat which is bornm, or carrierof burdeus. (M, ].) - Alo said to and syn. with J.;a., which or carried. (Lth, Mgh, TA.) - And, as a con- be sing. of 't, see, in two places. ventional term (Mgh, O, O5)of the AiGi [or workers in gold andl silver], ($gh, K,) Adul£Jj. A camel, or hore, or mule, or an an, teratting alloy (j.A) that is addd to dirhenu, or upon wAhich burdes are bore: (Mgh, Myb:) coin (Aa;Jl .


epithet exclusively applied to a female: the latter as conformable to its verb, which is i:J,; (f, Msb ;) or as being used in a tropical [or doubly tropical] manner, meaning pregnant in pat time or in future time; (Mb ;) or as a pomessive epithet [meaning having a burden in the womb]: (TA :) [see an ex. of the latter in a verse cited in the first paragraph of art. i :] accord. to the Koofees, the former, not being applied to a male, has no need of the sign of the fem. gender: but the Bayrees y that this [rule] does not uniformly

and sometimes applied to a number of camels: and -~ Xtji Jl. (Myb :) camels that bear burdes: and any beast epithet, and the phruases [q. v.]. (,M, &c) Also pl. of ,; upon which the tribe carrie, namely, an as or oLL'jI, ee also JAl, last sentence but one.],_ n .. other animal; ( ;) or a beast upon which people .Jl. or i./: asee s.il 3i;; t[Thos. who ber in tseir memory carry, namely, a camel, and an an, and the like; the Kur-"n, Anoring it by heart]. (., TA.) s t Forbearing,or clement. (M, 1:.) (1;) wthether the loads be thereon or snot: (g, ~ iq. t~3,~ . [Born, carried, taken 1g :) or nch as are able to bear: (As, TA:) or black by reoss,of the blc) Clound ( up and carried,convyed, or carridoffor away]. particularly applied to such as hav on them the abundance of their water. (0, ]0) [(ee also j.: (ISd,TA:) aecord. to (Mob, ].)_ -Hence, (Myb,) The rubbish, or load; as a,o - A clear torrent. ( _ The T.) first rottn lma, and wcum, that are borne of a the T, not includi~g ass nor mub: applied to of anything. (:.) torrent ($, Mb,.a) -- A thing [. , accord. ou and to more than one: (TA:) a word of the a.I1,. fem. of J*. [q. v.]. (1, Myb.)3 to copies of the ] and the TA, but acoord. to the meuure J ' recoives the affix; when it hase the 82 Bk. I.
(Mgh, lgh, 1.) _

are 1; and l;and females, lie asu ·epithets fem. in form applied to males. (B.) It is also applied to a she-camel [and app. to any fe. male] in the same sene. (Mgh.) -Applied to trees (; ), tBearing fruit: (TA :) fem. with - [Respecting this - Be also abso . ;. (.)



675O JI. 3 is its pl.: and signifies Tle legs; (M, ;) because tlhey bear the man. (TA.).. And K~ The sinenws, or tendons, of the foot and of the fore ;) and the [reins called the] ,ultj arm; (M,; thereof. (M, TA. [See .jl.]) - See also [of which the primary signification is A place of bearing or caying], (S, bMghI, Msb, g,) or t .. [which prinarily signifies An instrumenntfor bearing or carrying], (M, Migh,) or the latter is allowable, (Misb,) The [Iind of re(M, J.: (MYb;) as also t* h;cle called] t^;

[BooK 1.



(Mgl :) termed i,..: ] :) or the large t. chests, oblong or panniers, or a pair of dorsers, or (O,iS,) upon a camel, in which are borne two eqvai loads, (I,) [anrl which, with a small tent use of by n ;].first made orer them, compose a El-lfajjdj Ibn-Yoonuf E:th-Thalafee: (TA:)

~jj~: see the next preceding paragraph. .. (S, TA.)Dhul-r-Rummeh applies only it to $ The root of a tree; (8, ] ;) likening this "Io Eyes haringaround their globes a white. -I s.l a. of a sword. (W.)-Sto the J.~ neJs unmixed with blacknos: [it would seem to t Th/ reim, in the root and shin of be a mistranscription for 'il a ; but perhaps it and ? c;, ) the penis. (M, -. is an epithet applied to a man having eyes of this description; for it is immediately added,] whence "La... bu A she-camnl hearily bhrdened, or ;LL. X l[app. meaning an eye having around overburdened. (TA.) it such a whitenes]. (TA.) 0 * , * .' - Also X A fortunate e J.. J_~,: man: from the riding of beasts such as are termed i, (.,* TA,) i. e. brisk, sharp, and strong. c"-: see what next follows. (TA in art. A.)_-[In logic, 'tA predicate: and tan accident: in each of these senses contr. ~: . > [or ticks]; as also t Sunil n i,, si ·. of ,4..] of first tihe As, to accord. n. un. with ;: (Ig:) a~.. A dust-coloured wheat, (K , TA,) like the pod of the cotton-plant, (TA,) haring many grainm, (], TA,) and large ears, and of much increase, but not approved int colour nor in taste: so in the M. (TA.)

the >li is termed L.UJ, when very small; then it is termed 1't~; then, >1; then, °it ; then, J;; and then, .R. (.)_Also A o.t of grapes of Et-dif,(.,) black inclining to rednas, (TA,) of ,rhich the berrie are small (.K) of the pilgrims: ( :) ~ -_ one of the j.a .~. t One who is unable to answer thee; and few: (TA:) or the small berries that are A seller of and who does it not, to preser.v thine affection. between the large berries, (.K,) so in the M, being the pl. (g.) Hence, t termed (TA.) particularly (~I.) [What is now ,..3 (TA,) among tle grapes. ($.) .- . -,. a (vulgarly pronounced J~ ) of the the J.~ A land aboundirg and '_ bj eisee ,). ga,which is borne pilgrims is an ornamented with the small j;I' terned ;Aa. (m.) by a camel, but without a rider, and is regarded ZLG, last sentence but one. ;ldl ~,~.:_: as the royal banner of the caravan; such as is see 6, last sentence. described and figured in my work on the Modern

Egyptians. (See also $)...4, in art. j..)] Its application to tThe camel that bears the J.,~ is

~. A month that brings people into ._, (S, ~Mgh, Msb, F,) like o1, orignally 'Jr.gp diffculty, or distress; (K, TA;) that is not as it ~, as is shown by its pl., which see below, tropical. (Mgh.) [See also ._. The assertion should be. (TA.) Such is said by the Arabs to o, ,) and #~, (, Mgh, Myb, (S,) and that it signifies also the silk covering that is sent be the case 1l [app. meaning G. .t jM used only as a M9b,) (S, (S Msb, K,) like W1, every year for the Kaybeh is erroneous. This wrhen a no moon face a north-east vind]. (TA.) prefixed n. governing the gen. case, except in n covering is sent from Cairo, with the baggage of (K,) and a.' [menpoetry, (S, TA,) and 4, the chief of the Egyptian pilgrim-caravan.]





(s,) or t3 .,

(M,) A basket

(J)j) in which grapes are carried to the place Q. 1. j'o , (S, K.,) inf. n. "U.;, (Har (..) p. 273,) said of a man, (, TA,) and of a lion, wrhere they are to be dried; and so J C tThere is (TA,) He opened his eyes, and looked hard: y -_Onesays also, J.. :) or he opened his eyes: and .dt jL.no ground of reliance upon such a one; syn. (., at him, or it: or he looked hard at looked He ( :) or no relying, or reliance: (MA:) .: (TA.) it. or him, or no ground (lit. place) for imposing upon such a one the accomplishment of one's wants. (Ri, and (., M, Sgh, K) and 03 >'_



; . el aJl Ji X TA.) And t[There is no ground of reliance, or no relying, upon the camel, by reason of the heaviness of the load.] (TA.) a A woman, ($, M, ],) and a she-camel, )_4 (S, M,) who yields her milk without being pregnat. (, M, I.)

a-s , in two places. - The · ~ : see M.b,* .) &c.; (Mb ;) i. e. (S, sword a aiij9 of its suspensory thong [or cord or shoulder-belt], by nwhich the wearer hangs it upon his neck; (S,TA;) a also ?1.a(,Meb,K) and Val: (IDrd, .:) and the at . of the bow is similar [Such a one came ~ '1 4j'; ; ~.~ je to that of the sword: the wearer throws it upon arm left his forth puts his right shoulder, and wearing a .WJ; nothing appearing of the beauty from it, so that the bow is on his back: (AHn, of his face except the inner edges of his eyelids, is 3Jl- : (Az, Mb :) &c.]. (.8;.)-., TA:) the pl. of 3. signifies The part, &and that of aG., (S, Myb,) or of 4-. , (Kh, or parts, upon which close the two edges, or TA,) is tj:*_* ; (Kh,$ , TA;) or, accord. to borders, of the labia majora of the vulva of the Ay, LL. hbas no proper sing., its sing. being 1woman. (T,TA.)

, l.gLA (M, ;) The inner part of the eyelids, that is blackened by the collyrium: or the portions of the white of the globe of the eye that are covered by the eyelids: (S, IC:) or the red inner part of the eyelid, the redness of which is seen when it is turned out for the application of the collyrium: (L,. :) or what cleaves to the eye, of the place of tie collyrium, internally: (M, K :) or the sides of the globe of the eye: or the part of the shin of the eyelid that is next to the globe of the eye: (TA:) pl. jJl.a; (S, K;) which some explain as signifying the portions of the flesh qf the eyelids that are newt to the globe of the eye. X ' ' L. 4. (TA.) One says,

tioned in art. tL, as well as La.], (, Mgh, Msh, K,) A woman's husband's [male] relation, (S, Mgh, Mslb, K,) whoever he be, (S, Mqb,) such as his fa.ther, (S, Mgb, ],) anld brother, (S, Msl,) and paternal u,ncle, (Mqb,) &c.: (TA:) the fem. is t i ., (K,) signifying a woman's husband's motheer; and having no dial. var.: (S, Msb:) and the pl. is o;Ln.: (S,Mgh, Is:) and Jq.JIl s..-, (M, Mb,) or Jq.. l t*s , (K) signifies the tnan's wife's father, (IF, M, Msb, K,) or tw.fe's brother, or rtife's paternal uncle; (M, Myb, K ;) so that _~ applies to a relation : (M;b:) and ._dl means on either side, like a husband's people: (Mgh:) or the h;.~ are are peculiarly of the wife; (K ;) and the OtT of the man [or husband]: (TA:) or [in other words] the to... are [the woman's relations] on the side of the husband; (As,TA;) and the ot:i.l are [the husbmand's relations] on the side of the wife; (As, S, Msb, TA;) and those of pl. both sides are included by the term [;l;;, to said of] ,<.: (As, S, TA.:) and Wi' t:L~I is mean such a woman's husband's people. (IB, TA.) a*_: see art. Lni*. , see.., ',: seosee above, in three places. in two places. _ 1 _


BooK ].J * .1_, inf. n. ;1._ and , (I,g,) And or guarded, him. (s.) I protected, defended, :)s a also l.a.. (Ks, .) ~sZl [The biting ,. ., Cj bs?. One says, ) of Also The muscle ('ai. t,.: sce_e ,.. she-camel defends her offspring]. (S.) And the j3t [wlhich means the shnnk of a hulman t,_I [Such a one defended his jB.J& being, and, properly speaking, the corresponding _,., part (commonly called the thigh) of a horse and honour, or rqputation]. (TA.) And jil the like]: (?, IC :) an elevated piece of feJsh in inf. n. z.., I aided [and defended] the people, the inner side of the jL.: (Lth:) As says, in the or party. (Mbb.) And a~,.j.l ;.4 (S, Msb, 3j, of the horse are the eIe_, which are the O1.I.JI, .s) or (,) inf. n. i Q. (. , two pieces of flesh that are in the side of the Msb) and ;:_, (S,TA,) [the latter irreg.,] I 31_, appearinglike two sinews, in the outer side and the inner side: (?, TA:) or, accord. to ISh, prohibited, or interdicted, the sick man, (Is,) or they are the trwo elevated pieces of Jles in the ordered him to abstain, (PS,) from the food, lhalf of each ,3U, in the outer side: or, accord. (PS,) or from ,,hat wrould injure him (K.) .).., sasid of the day, and of an oven, (S,) 'to ISd, the two compact pieces of flesh in the upper portion of tlhe outer side oJ eaclh , : and , said B. of the sun, and of fire, aor. -, A 3,, (TA:) pl. ;b1. (S, K) (.K,) inf. n. .. (S, ) and . (1) and 3. [in the Cl .;] The heat of the sun: (Ks, S,' L,,_: see of art. ~.. s: see

G;1 fire upon the branding-iron [and so heated it]. (Mgh.)-[Hencer,] Ji I I=l ~.l ['Heexcited Iim to ardourfor fiht]. (. in art. ,jb.; &c.) 5: see 8. 6. p#Wl IL _3. Men guarded against, were cautious of, and kept aloof from, or shunned, or avoided, him, or it. (S, !~.) 8. ._1 IHe protected, defended, or guarded, himself, [or he became protected, &c.,] from a thing. (KL)_ And He (a sick man, 1) refrained, forbore, or abstained, (J, KL,) '> .. I;I [fromfood, or thefood], ($,) or L . [from owhat mwotld injure him]; (TA;) as also ?Uam3. (a.) 'isT occurs at the end of a verse, preserving the original form, [for ;,l ] accord. to a dial. of certain of the Arabs. (S.) see 1.


._, in the second sentence [originally 59] , (Lh., .K,) It vas, or became, L.,I ehemently hot. (S, K.) And ; '1.1 l, in art.

(Ks, 8 and

1j,~ an irregular dual of t*_' TA in art. ., q. v.)
; : see te., in art.


1. l_, (S, Mgh, .K,) nor.:, (K,) inf. n. i-_ (SM M ,, K [but said in the Mob to be a simlple subst., though aftenvards tlhere mentioned as nn inf. n.,]) nrid and a°.., (T;,) lIe prohibited it, or interdicted it; or hc protectedl it, Idefended it, or iquarded it, from, or aoainst, encroachecnt, inlvasion, or attac]t. (.,$Mgh, K and inf. n. TA.) You say, £WI 5., [the last irreg.,] ile prohibited, or interdicted, &c., the herbage, or pasture. (K,0 TA.) Anid ,wcjt ;L3 thou,,gh aor. , inf. n. 5a' and -.-. [and li, here, in the Msb, said to be a simple subst.], lie prohibited, or interdicted, the place; or he protected, defended, or guardled, it; f,.om the peoplc [in general]: (M.b:) and, accord. to IB, ot.l.1 signifies the same as o.a: (TA:) or 1jtcJt tu.a.I signifies he made the place to be what is term,ed , (S, Msb, K,) not to be approached (Myl,, K) nor ventured upon, or attempted: (Ms.b:) or it signifes, (K,) or signifies also, (Ms.b,) he founad it to be what is termed (Msb, Msl: .t :) or 1 ?.,r.1 sigJL nifies he madle the ~a to be refrained from by people, aul to be achsoerledgedl as a *~ : and al.., he prohibited, or interdicted, it; or he p.otected it, defended it, or guarded it, from, or against, encroachment, inceasion, or attach: (AZ:) accord. to Sulh, in the R, t. l.~l is of weak authority; but both these verbs are chaste. (TA.) [Hence,] jJ, ~. [He prohlibited, or interdicted, his bach to be used for bearing a rider or any burden], said of a stallion-camel when he is termed .. ff,, q. v. (Fr,., 1g.) You say also,
cUwI F *l6.m and : · A .S[He protected, defended, or guarded,him from the thing]. (TA.)

ae_. and i.~k and ;.,

12. ,.-_I It (a thing, such u the night, and a collection of cloods,) was, or beame, black. inf. n. * and _, The iron nail mue, or (Lth, g.) [See ablo the part. ., '. a, below: The and see the second sentence of the first paragraph became, hot. (1~.) And LjN,JI -.-. piece of iron was, or became, vehemently hot by of art..,*~.] means of fire. (Msb.)-_ ,l L5' [lit. The '. The venom, or poison, (Lth, Lb, ., 5,) oren becamne vehemently hot ;] means t the sar, and hurt, (S,) of a scorpion, (Lth, .,) and of anyor fight, beanme vethement; (Q and B] in art. bje ;) and is used as a prov., relating to a thing that stings or bites: (Lth:) originally ; severe case or event. (As, TA in that art.)or 0,~,: (S :) and IAir mentions a~ [q. v. in [and app., accord. to art....]. (TA.) - And The sting of the hornet, s,'iJ .~s_, inf. n. u _. also], The horse was, or became, (Lth, 1!,) and of the scorpion, (Lth, IAth,) and tehc TA, the like, (Lth,) and of the serpent; ( ;) because ^-l ,) _. [I hot, and snueated. (1) the venom comes forth from it: (IAth:) so apva.s, or became, hot in anger], inf. n. ,r. (Lb, plied by the vulgar: (Lth:) pl. .I,,. and . TA.) And LtC ?i5_- [He became hot by (1.)- Vehemence of cold. (I,.TA.) 9*s_ t,2JI ;,..: reason of anger]. (A in art. 1Jd.) And see j., in art. j~. Aic, accord. to El-Umawee, [..~,] with hemz, 'b", i.v. q A..] ~bl u~..[or I was, or became, angry wtith him. (X, TA.) t,.J [or Le..JI] for .,_Jl: see ,..l., 1g.) He became vehemently angry, or And i in art. .a*. , enraged. (IAth, TA in art. J.l.) And fic. A thing prohibited, or interdicted; (., (,) or &A., (1~,) or both, (TA,) nor. , (K,) (K ;) and not to ;) asalso u $ '.m and ? 'm; init. n. a",. (S, Mgh,* M.sb,* V) and .... , ($, be approached: (S :) [and, as an epithet in which Mg61l,C,) i. q. .. w [He disdained it; scorned the quality of a subst. is predominant,] a place of it; &c.]; ($, Mgh, M.b,* K ;) he mas ashamed, herbage, or pasture, (Lth, Mgh, Myb, TA, and and he disdained, or scorned, to do it. ($, TA.) Ham p. 539,) and of water, (ylam ibid.,) proAnd WIi1 .Ml >. He ' wvas seized, oraffected, hibited to the people, [i. e. to the public,] (Lth, thereat, or by reason of that, with disdain, scorn, Mgh, and Ham ubi suprk,) o that they mnay not pasture their beasts in it, (Lth, Mgh,) nor apor indignation. (TA, from a trad.) And proach it, (Mgh, Msb,) nor venture upon it: also signifies He refused to bear, endure, or it was a custom of the noble among (Myb:) tole'rate, wrvongful treatlncnt. (TA.)~See also 4. the Arabs, in the Time of Ignorance, when he _ 3: sec 1, in two places.u alighted in a district [that pleased him], among I exerted rnmyself for my guest [in paying honour his kinsfolk, to incite a dog to bark, and to prohibit for his own special friends or dependents to him, and entertaininghim]. (S, J.) of the dog 4. .1-l: see 1, in five places. Also He the space throughout which the bark was heard, so that none else should pasture his made the sun, and fire, to be vehemently hot; beasts there; while he shared with the people in said of God: (Lh, ]i:) and in like manner, a the other places of pasture, around it: but the piece of iron; said of a man: (Msb:) [or] he Prophet forbade this: (Esh-Sbifi'ee, TA:) he heated an iron nail, (ISk, K,) and a piece of iron, said, " There shall be no ~ except for God and (ISk, S,) &c., in the fire: (ISk :) one should not for his Apostle ;" (Esh-Shdo'ee, ., Mgh, TA;) say t~, in this sense; (ISk, ,Myb, TA;) meaning, except for the horses employed in war app., in chaste speech; for otherwise one does against the unbelievers and for the camels taken say, j - ; I,; ,;, meaning He put the for the poor-rate: (Esh-Shaf'ee, Mgh, TA:) thing into the fire [and so heated it]. (TA.) afterwards, the term was applied in a general And ,A.I Um.l and ,C .- l He kindled sense: (Esh-Shifi'ee,TA:) the pl. is ofl.2 (. 82^


[BooK I.

of pain. (., TA.) -The prime, and sprightli- The circuit of the solid hoof: (Yam p. 2:) or ness, of youth; (T:) and the flush, or impetu- [the dual] e and the dual is it. and J; ; (!Sk, 9, M b, 01e_.signifies the part on the rigt ority, (tjj,) thereof. (TA.) You say, ,,hi and left of the toe of the solid hoof: (AO, Q:) TA;) the latter irreg., (TA,) beard by Ks, but or 1:) 1 JJj ;; He did tlhat in the fluth, or [the pl.] -. I. signifies the right and left dg he preferred the former. (..) You say, 'I; U*~ This is a thing prohibited, or interdicted; impetuosity,(;j.~,) and sprightlinwe, ef his youth. of the solid hoofs; (A, TA;) btwtern tLm are He is the protector, not to b approached. And : , j.b (TA.) 1.JI tV1 .. [the] ,j [orfrogs], like harddatestonu: (Aboodefender, or guarder [from encroachlment], of Dtwood, TA:) or the right and left side of the Hirbage, or paJture, that is prokibited, or interthat which he posesses, and of which he has the solid hoof. (g.)- [The pl. alo signifies The dicted. (g.) - See also l,.. superintendence, or management. (., l.) sides of a mountain. (Freytag, from the Deewin _.: see the next preceding paragraph. .1 L. [act. part. n. of s,.. And hence,] A of Jereer.)] - Also, the sing., i. q. i31A [i. e. Also an inf. n. of vI £ v.]: (Mqb:) stallion-camel that has prohibited, or interdicted, Any one of the three stones on which the eooLing[q. and of 0i .. lI ;4A [q. v.]. ($, Mqb.) Also his bach [to be used for bearing a rider or any pot is placed]. (AA, 5:) pl. as above. (TA.) The practiing abstinence; (P$ in art. .j;) means I went my own burden]; ('ji )U.; Fr, S, ];) that is not -. u*e.*'S Jk ~ [especially the abstainint from things injuriouin ridden, (Fr, S, Mgh,) nor shorn of any of his way. (gl), }) a case of sicknes;] the abstaining, or desisting, fur; (Fr, ;) that is left at liberty, not made UiI . L j ($,TA) He is mor from eating. (TA in that art.) any use of, (15,) nor debarredfrom pasturage ej (Fr, S, Mgh, l~) norfrom water: (.1:) he is one reistive than such a one. (TA.) :~1_: see ~lb. I .J fL.lor .J :.1~ i. q. that has long continued with a people: (.:) or 4U .;i [Mavy such a person, or thing, be a ran- whos offspring's offspr ing has conceited: (Fr, '' t see #t~. som for thee !] or hjl ' tQ; [meaning , i. e. S, Mgh:) or that has covered a certain number mayest thou be ransomed! or i.e. clJc, may such of times, or ten timnes: ( :) it is mentioned in the a one ransom thee!]. (q, accord. to different lIur [v. 102]. (., Mgh. [See also *Je~..]),j.. Black; applied to such a thing as the copies.) [And in like manner,] the Arabs said, .otal.JI is also an appellation applied to The lion; night, and a collection of clouds: or, applied to t ' ;lrJl,iJ iAJ [Ra,nsom, or ransoming, be and so t,.dl; (K ;) in the Tekmileh, ,.ot,JI the latter, hcaped up, and black. (Lth.) for thee!] pronouncing the former noun with the *d .*.ll [app. L.i 4 , as in a copy of the short alif when thus coupling it with 1JI. K]. (TA.)_Yousay also, 4e.JIt .; SJ (El-ltldee, TA in art. t.¢..) [Such a one is the protector, or defender, of that I 1. _, nor. , inf. n. , He eRas, or becar,e, ;$._ A sick man prohibited, or interdicted, nwhich, or those wthomn, it is neceSary for him, or affected with [a yearning, longing, or desire, or] fion;om what would ilnju't him, (IAir, g,) offood incumbent on him, to protect, or defend]; like an intense emotion of grief or of joy; as also and drink. (IAvr.) Protected, defended, or jIl.it . [q. v. in art. .]; and k.Jt . .1 guarded (S, Mgh, ], TA) from evil, &c. (TA.) [explained in the next preceding paragraph]: pl. t* ',.l and tSh.. (1..) [See an instance of its denoting an emotion of joy voce ".] You 'Asim Ibn-Tlhabit El Aneiree was called U.' te. and [coll. gen. n.] t .: (S:) this last a.', aor. and inf. n. as above, He, or jlJ; [The protected by hornets, or by the swarm word signifies a eompany, or party, protecting, say; .l sio SO,4 yearned towards, longed for, or de~ired, tf bees], (~, Mgh,) because his corpse was pro- or defendinq,thelircoin mpanion, (Ig,) or thenmselves: tected from Ihis cncrnies by large hornets, (. in (TA:) and also a man who is a protector, or him, or it. (S.) And .;j i t Om. He yearned defender, of is companions (]g) in war: (TA:) towvards, longed for, or desired, his home. (TA.) arlt. .,) or by a swarm of bees. (Mghl.) One who till not bear, endure, or tolerate, mriong- or a strenuous protector and defender of a party; And J;j1 9.;j I [She yearns towards 1 ful treatment. .(K.) And *SI y~ .1 A man for the; is to give intensiveness to the signification: herfirst, orformer, husband]. (TA.) And .;, j, mean- inf. n. as above, Sthe (a woman) yearned tomards, wr/to refutes to subm nit to vron(fjtl trieatment. (Mgh:) and you say, ...;JIi 4. _ ingIle ix the last of those who protect,ordefend,the longed for, or desired, her child, or children. (TA. [See also JA/1.]) party in their going away (K) and in their state (Msb.) So, too, one says of a she-camel, meana*_ an inf. n. of : (S, K: [see Le of defeat. (TA.) [Jlot: or rehemently hot.] ing She yearned towards, longed for, or desitd, ;:]) Disdain,scorn, or indignation; and anger; You say e _ A Ai.. piece of iron vehemently her home, or h/r young one; and in like manner, syn. LhA5, (Mgh, M?b, TA,) and ;'e; (TA;) hot by means of fire. (Msb.) And i1 j.i of a pigeon: but in most instences it means she because a means of protection: (Mgh:) care of j,4 .. Th,e people's coohing-pot is hot, boiling: (a camel) yearned vith a cry, or uttered a cry when yearning [or a yearning cry or the cry prowSat is sacred, or inviolable, or of what one is meaning tthe people are mighty, strong, or in- duced by yearning], towards heryoung one or hnr bound to reapect, or honour, and to defend, and vincible, and vehemently impetuous in valour. companions: or she uttered a cry with emotion of religion, to avoid surpicion. (KT.) (TA.) after her young one: in its primary sense, she t~ The whAemence of anger; and the comael.: see -l.. Also A great, or wide, or reiterated her [yearning] cry after her yowng mencement [or outburst] thereof: (]~:) rpi,.it, C '-,you mean grea; and nwide, mass of stone, ( K accord. one: but when you say, .I ]lg,, and anger; as in the saying, :jIl v.J-j 1I My heart yearned towards, longedfor, or desired, to the TA,) or the stones, (3j.a~., so in some [Verily he is rehement in spirit, and in anger]. him, or it, without the uttering of a cry or sound. (TA.) - The assault of wine upon tlhe head; or copies of the K,) with whlich a wnell is casd: (1 :) ;l t. _ 11 9 its rush into the head: (J :) or the beginning of pl. ol.: (TA:) or the latter signifies the stones (TA.) They said also, , ;Z l J(j1 t1 ~.A [I wIl ,.fc. not do it tuntil the witth which a well it cased, to protect its sides its assault upon, or rurh into, the head: (S:) and itsforre, or vehemence: or its intoxicating ope- fl'om becoming dir.ty and disordered: (Yam lizard called yearn aofter the camels returnration: or its overpowering influence upon the p. 62:) or great and heavy stones: and also large ing from the water; meaning I will never do head; ( ;) or upon the drinker: (Lth, TA:) or maaes of rock which are placed in the last partst it]: thisis only a prov.; for the ... has no o ;., the creeping [of the fumn] of wine [through the of the casing [of a well] if it falls out through nor does it ever go to the water. (TA.) [ind age: they dig oet hollows, and build them therein, drinker]. (A 'Obeyd, TA.) One says, 4j L, S~aor. and inf. n. as above, t The l/io so that they suffer not the earth to come near to ;J1 I~, meaning [The fume of] the cup of the casing, but repel it: (ISh:) and allthestones produced plaintive sounds: or ~ited lieWy wine mounted into his head. (TA.) And ~;. [of the casing] of a well, matching one another, emotions of sadness, or of mirth: n ~t~ And in like manner one says of a musical reed: se [originally '.:.] signifies The assault, or attack, none of them larger than another. (AA.) -

and 1 inart.




1,.?.I: (Yam p. 496:)







And ,bI j


as above, He charged, or made an assault or attack, and .. was cowardly, and retreated. (V, TA.) (a,) and so the inf. a., (TA,) tThe bow [trwanged, . He did not turn away from me; did or] made a sound (V, TA) when its string had U; or relinquish, me. (TA.) [And tVp'l, Iac, noti been pulled and then let go. (g.) And c; seems to have a similar meaning: for] [Th brazen basin rang when or t,., :L 1J1 it


aor. (1,)

A mark that does ; t 1', you sy,. AJi4 it was knocked, or pecked]. (TA.) And :; shin: or, accord. to Th, t~lsJI [Tlh mast creaked, or made a creaking not go awray from the (TA.)-who does not explain it, it is O. C- J; sound]. (TA in art. .) And t,.. ;_ The tree blossomed, or flo red: !+:JI t [Am arrow of thou uwed in the game called in like manner one says of a herb. and (V:) , JI produced a sound: it was iot of them]: (TA.) a provey., applied to a man who ascribes to himself 1,.JI made the boro to (twang, m.He ~s 4. a false origin, or who arrogates to himself that to whlich he bas no relation: by the t:s is meant or] give a sound, [by pulling, and then letting And j~,. He (a man. one of the arrows of the y-e; for when this go, the string.] (V.)missed is not of the same substance as the others, and TA) did wrong, committed a mistake, or 2. also is made to vibrate, it produces a sounld different [the object of his aim]. (V.) - See 5: see 1, in three places. from the sounds of the others, and is known thereby. (TA. [(See also Freytag's Arab. Proy. 8: see 1, first sentence. t [The i. .341.]) And ! 1 Zm. and V : I' I " jts l 10: see 1, in two places. perhaps a.b [Longing for his home affected him nwith inor moaning, or wind made a plaintive, a shrill, sound; made a sound like the ce. oj tense emotion]. (IB, TA.) camncls: see;.m.]: both sicnify the same. (TA.) : see 1. R. Q. 1. , (S, Msh, below.] _- , 1e, [See also A>Jl A tribe of the $ [or genii], (S, 1p,) (.S, TA,) sor. as above, (S, Msb,) inf. n. it; were before Adam; (TA;) of which are that MPh, *) and i" (Mgb, TA*) and O", (K,' A wind (C;) [that makes a plaintive, dogs: (1 :) or the lovest, or meanest, sort blackl TA,) He was merciful, compassionate, or pitiful, or perhaps a shrill, sound;] that moaning, or or the weak one thereof: towards him, or it; (S, Mqb, I,*TA;) as also of the ',.: (V:) thereof: (Fr,TA:) or makhes a sound like the epm of cames. (, ], (., g :) he oas, or became, farourably (IApr, :) or the dogs t .m3: 5w and mankind. TA.) - A woman who marrie from a motive of inclined totrards him, or it; (Mb ;) and so certain creatures betwneen the tendernes, or compasion, for her children, (4, ) t ',J 3 : (TA:) he was, or became, affectionate, (8, -. TA,) when they are young, (TA,) in order that j prov., a in or pitiful, or compassionate, towards him; (Q,* said is t;~....-It sce ;~: the husband may maintain them. (J, TA.) And ].) Az, (IAr, a>.._. t also as TA;) , and t ;_~, meaning t IL v ~t. i.U. ,e.an inf. n. of 1: ($,Mqb,]:) A yearning, &, ~J tZ 3i She (a camel, and a ewe or [The slhe-camel wiU not be without] likeness [to longing, or desire; ($ , ;) a yearning, or loggoat,) became faivourably inclined, or compas- her mother]: and one says of a man who resembles ing, of the roul: (. :) or the expremion of pain ieonate, tow'ards her young one. (Lh,TA.)_ another man, and of any one who resembles his arisingfromyearning or longing or desire: (YIam ;) 0; ( eans ., or. nor. See also 2. b;-;-; -s p. M38:) violence of weeping: and a lively emotion: father and his mother, i.~. .;1 ' or or the soundproduced by such emotion, proceeding i.e. He turned awnay from me, avoided me, camel of the colour termed L.;t (i. e. female [A rule by for from grief, or fromjoy: ( :) or a soundpoceedshunned me: so that it is anomalous; rwhite, or very wmhite, &c.,) will not be roithout mentioned not is it and be:; should the aor. ing f,om the bosom on the occasion of weping: liktenss to her mother]. (TA. [See also Freytag's among the exceptions [to the rule applying to is from the nose: (TA:) or the former is Arab. Prov. ii. 497.]) - The [grumbling cry a cose of this kind]. (MF, TA.) [But it appears A man's [a sound] without rweping and without tears: A.) termed] :.U of a camel. (S, from what here follows that ~. may perhaps nrife. (,]S.) _See also what next follows. : (R, TA:) if with weeping, it is termed ; be here meant to be understood in its trans. or the former is a yearning, or longing, or desire, ($,K;) 'IA.: see .L= .= sAlso i.q. "; sense.] _ a , (I,) [aor. t, as is shown below,] wvith affection, or pity, or compassion; as when d [In one speaks of the ,e;~ of a woman and of a shiea;_. phrase, the in so :) ( aL..: also as [He o (, (TA.) signifies . and : inf. n. turned him, or it, arway, or backh]. (], TA.) You him is demoniacal possession, or madness, or in- camel for her young one: and sometimes this is accompanied wnith a sound, or cry; wherefore it see CJ$1]. (.S.) L& ias.,inf. n. 0_, Turn thou away, sanity: ay, J.p5 is explained as a sound, or cry, indicating yearnor back,from me thy evil, or mischief. (s.) And ~,l. Mercy, compassion, or pity: ($, :) ing or longing or desire, and affection or pity or I; Thou dost not trn anway, tendernes of heart; (];) which is the same; compassion: and sometimes it is oonfined to the jI2. X 1; ;_ with kear; (Kr, TA;) for form; as in the case of the *e;. [or eaning, or or back, fr.om me aught of thy evil, or mischief (TA;) as also t i, [which , app. He was, or became,, which the vulgar say t a*;.: (TA:) and ' ;'i inclining,] of the trunk of a palm-tree .) inf. . ; the (Er-RIghib:) trad.]: a in mentitned is possessed by a demon, or by one of the tribe or r [in like manner] signifies affection, and corn in her yearning ery her is she-camel the of kind or class termed 'mJI; and hence, he was, passion. (Az, TA.) il j. 6;I., in the l]ur towards her young one (.:) or her yearning is related by towards her young one with a cry, and without I 'Ab which respecting writ 14], syn. is k[xix. d,o or became, mad, or insane: for] is ,.;d,1J, a cry; (Lth,TA;) mostly the former: originally, what not I know OJ-.; (TA as from the ]; [but not in the CgI 'Ikrimch to have said, Arabs her reiteratingher [yearning] cry fer her yo~g The TA.) (8, us. from mercy And nor in my MS. copy of the 1 ;]) whence )j~ 0 means mercy, thy and j;A.. [I beg say, . I; .i., .]. (TA.) one. (TA.) You say also, .. b I e ¥: applied to a man [as meaning ; 0 my Lord]: both signify the same; i. e. 'i,;: .tl t [A wind that has a plaintive, or.moaning, a._, accord. to modern usage ' (S:) the lattter is the expression commonly used: 3. [a ,J ocamel]. perhaps a shrill, sound, lihe the p; of or and perhaps classical also, He, or it, caused hin (A'Obeyd, in a marginal note in a copy of the ', and ; on... (6 )- ) See also to be mercifeJ, compasionate, pitiful, or Jvourwr - :) or [rather] the latter means have mercy on two namcs of [Thc JI, and me time after time, and writh mercy after mercy: and ' ably inclined, towards another.] :4, a

((], TA:) it is a dualized inf. n., of which the and 4 a.: (TA:) verb is not expresed; like J or it means let thy mercy be continuou to me;] mercy and good from Thee, ohenemer I reie Pet it not ceas, but be conjoined with other mercy from Thee: (ISd,TA:) the dual form is not to be understood as restricting the signification to duality: (8uh, TA:) the word is not used in this form otherwise than u a prefixed noun: (8h, TA:) but sometimes they sid lt;_, in the sing., without prefixing it. (ISd, TA.) They said also, 1 ~t, meaning [I extol, or clebrate, ~_ iIXl or declare, the absolute purity, or perfection, or glory, of God,] and I beg his mercy; like u they -. (TA.) And dll oL&. said, d;tI..j d4l as meaning X it~ [I seek the protction, or i.q. Xi presrvation, of God]. (.) -Also [Aieans of ubsistence, &e.]:and >ii [a bling; any good that is bestowed by God; pros&.]. (i.) perity, or good fortune; increase; · quality inspiring reverence or meneration -A or repect or honour: (El-Umawee, ]:) gravity, staidnes, or sedatenem. (V.) One says, 5,;i c 4Ua. "J T/Iwu mest him not to pomsU any quality inspiring rwevernce &c. (EI-Umawee, TA.) Evil, or mischief, long continuing. (i.)


[Boox I.

med for dyeing the extremities [i. e. te hAands and - One who hornw favour, or preents afarour- tmedfor feet and head]: (TA:) [in the present day, the able arpect, to him who turn from him, or shun. him. (lC.)-M.erciful, or having mercy. (S.) plant itself is called u'jil ;., (vulgo ",) [Hence,] 'L tJl a name of God; (1;) meaning and its leaves, used for dyeing the hands &c., are The Merciful (Aboo-Is-h.], As, IAth, O) to his enUed called Z.k:] accord. to some, it is the pl. of ;i1; ~ervants. (IAth, TA.) [or rather a coil. gen. n., of which ;.[E. is the * 8.q '1. i. q. ',L;[_Lawsonia inermnis, or Egyptian n. n.;] but it is generally asserted that ;io,1 pei._: ace what next precedes. is a more special word than o;_., [as in the 8 and privet, mentioned in art. ta.]; (I ;) a dial. var. is Msb,] and not the sing. of the latter: (TA:) pl. M9bj . - '. A dog of the tribe of the q. cakled of the latter: (Fr, Tl, TA:) and OLab is said to (K.) . issaid to be an anomalous pl. be a pl.; (TA in the present art.;) i. e. of,~., j'~.; OP) CiJI. (TA.) of t,.; ot,,-L:*.; or a dial. var. of the latter, and not a pl.: · .q-, ,, · anomalously; or a dial. var. thereof. (TA in art a,.: lees O. (TA:) and i'.L is a dial. var. of .'Cm. (Fr, Th, to..) [See also what next follows.] TA TA in art. C,~.) tL. One who yearm towards, longs for, or O.b. i. q. 3MI [The ,lower of the [.' ]: or A ia desirw, a thing, (i,) and inclines to it. (TA.) theflower of any tree (V) and plant: n. un. with jt'm jt A selletr of s,*U: pl. C L (Ip.) [Hence,] ail A woman who remembers a 3. (TA.) [See also what next precedes.] former huband with yearning (;.JI) and '; . Very gr en; int~cly gre. (, gmm i v-_ and ep.J,l: see 'e;grieving, or moaning, (4, TA,) in tendernrs for TA.) her children, when they are young, that the hutYe.. earning, longing, or desiring: (S:) or band may maintain them; like lAd: or who being affected with an intense emotion of griefor yearns towards her former husband, and inclines ofjoy. (K.) [Hence, the fem.] i*. signifies 1. 1. _.: see the next paragraph. to him: or who yearns towards her child, or A she-camel; [because of her yearning towards children, by her husband who has separatedfrom her young one;] (S, ;) us also t _;.~, (as 2. &p;, inf. n. e.3, It (old age, TA) but her: (TA:) or a woman who yearm towards him kin down. (,* TA.j [See its quai-pm:, 5.] her former husband, and griewv for him: or in some copies of the ~,) or 1 Co.., (as in 6ther bji . He built firmly a structur of tah who marries, having ben dioorced, and yearns copies of the f and in the ]g,) [both of which may - .l.ji towards him who has divorced her. (var p. 509.) be correct, as jJ;, d hind called jl, and made it curved. (i.)_is both trans. and intrauns.:] in And t A bon; (1 ;) [because of the sound or e _ [as an inf. n. of which the verb, if it have signifies one who is affected with inmade by the twanging of its string;] accord. to one in any of the following senses, is ,' ,] abo Jl Ain, as a proper name; but I8d holds it to be, tense emotion by longing for hi/ home (Hj signifies aignifies A bending, or curvng, and tenion [of ;) .. . (IB, TA.) One says, when thus applied, an epithet in which the quality the in~w] (~3,), of the backbone (,.,) and of a subst. is predominant: (TA:) or a bow that ;'I '3' i. z C He ha. not a she-caml nor a fore legs of a hore: (As, C:) or a conexity in [twangs, or] make. a owund (,1C) when its tring a, sheep, or goat. ($, TA.) [See also I.] AZ tho the shanh (t14) of each of the fore legs of a has been pulld and then let go. (S.) And j mentions the saying, 54 $j ZL. dJ l, au mean- horm, horse, (l, TA,) not being a great curvaturme, tt. t [A lute that produces plaintiee sounds: ing He has not camel that yearn [towards their (TA,) and in the bachbone (q.,): ( :) it is a or] that excites lively emotions of sadnea, or of young ones] (m!.3) nor much as carry goods, quality indicative of strength: (As, TA:) . ; mirth. (TA.) And ; '. ~.., t Clouds that or furniture and uteil, and wheat, or food. (with t) is [the same] in the hind legs: (AV, ~, hIaoe [or produce] a e'* [or moaning sound, (TA.) V:) ) or r it [i. e. . as indicated in the ]g and by their thunder heard from a distance,] like ~, applied by an to explanation a man, (8,) i q. ~. of 0_, but the same explathe ;. of camels. (TA.) And ,J tAn . [properly Posesed by a ~.; and hence, mad, nation nation is also given to .... ,] is width in the arow" that produces a sound when thou triest space ~e between the hind legs, without what is te~,l its sonorific quality by turning it round betwreen or insane]: (8, [ ee p,JI :]) or i. q. .:qj thy finger.: (AHeyth, ], TA: [in the CV, [as meaning affected with epilepy]: (]:) or [i. e. straddling], or C:m. [i. e. the having d;iA is erroneously put for a3 L:]) or that pro- one who is affected with epilepsy (t^y) and then thefore parts of the feet near together and the Aeols distant, or having the legs wide apart (like heeli duce# a sound when it is turned round (jtI revive for a time. (AA, TA.) Cao.3), Cao.), or having the thighA or the middkl of the [or IjI]) with the end. of the fingers upon the , or 'k..-4 see legs wide apart]; (so accord. to different copies legs thumbs, by reason of the excellence and compactof the .K;) which is a quality approved: (TA:) of nesm of its wood. (TA. [See ""JI,, in art. or a curving in the .jUL [here app. meaning the .O.]) And 0t ; i' : i. q. ,; t [A hurrying, hind legs, or rather the hind shanks; see ] or hard, journey in which the camels are mwtered 1. U.., aor. -', It (a place) became green, and as also , [an inf. n. of which the verb, if it only on the first and fifth days: (in the C]~ and tangled, or luxuriant, or abundant and dense, in have one, is app. ] (19:) or a curving of a MS. copy of the ], erroneously, ,^,U :)] (P1, its herbage, or plants. (v.) see tlis 3 the ribs. (TA.) [See .. : and see also TA) i. e. (AV, TA) in which there is a :e;~ [or 2s. _ t0 He lay with her. (s.) yearning of the camels] by reasonof its quicnsu; (At, 1, TA;) or in which the camel, yearn 9. L&., inf. n. e and · ;I.5 He dyed (AZ, 5. ,a.3 He (a man, S) wa., or became, $, 0)his head, (AZ, TA,) or his beard, (S,) with crooked, crooked,curwd,orbent. [towards tAeir accustomed places] (,' curred, or bent. (Q,Ig.)-[And hence,] ) by .·": (AZ, 8, ]:) and t% ,L;*. She ((a wo- 4 .. _ !He He was, or became, affected with ron of fatigw. (A,TA.) And 4 ,i. man) dyed her hand therew~ith; as also I,, ompastionfor compasionfor him. (],TA.) tA ,onspicuous road, (, V, TA,) in which the aor. . (Mob.) ;: see what follows. old caml bco. joyou (0, i.e. ): 5. L;b3 It (his head, or his beard,) was dyed or, eaoord. to the A, a road in which the~r is 0 An old man bent (C, TA) with age. [heard] a (or yearning cry] of the camel; with .4~. (AUn, V.) [ (TA.) - A horse character~ d by what it terMd 5

or .ib. isanaI~~~~ u,g.,t. and meaning a road in which is [A certain plant] well Anown; (, 8;) CS1: like ;.,t ;j (i:) [A ( or C& is a name of J3SS1 Hs>o., like a proper [heard] a e [or chiding] of camels. (TA.) [the Lawrania ineurit, or Egyptian priwt;]
name; as also _ Jl: (M, TA:) or the name 1 by which the tribe of 'Ad called j.gtl L.q~: (Ibn-El-Kelbee, in TA voce3: see' :) or, accord. to Fr and El-Mufai4al, the Arabe used to call this month .t i: (T, TA:) pl. [of pauc.] i;l.and [ofml mult] and'3.. (S.)

!.ti '


Book I.]





1. whn m h ag9 04^ [th 094 #in: (A,* ) or atga~ attained to LUO in: ;vhich (A, app. B4 :) diwbd~.cmd became [re~rddiobee~.d pnihab for] ecamne P. betwe the hind leg, without wide in the s 1.1. l,) aor. t, &bk -($A, Mqb, u Mbefor] obedience: ( :) or attained to the age * !_~~~~~~~~ : (soaccord. to different copies of M!1b, o or. th peM [of th eorwn~g ag ] began to AheM M!b, 15,) inf. n. AA.. (g,* A, Myb, V`) and num yWor to Ais acts of obediwn* and of disobdien: egister C: [see these terms explained above, conj. 2:]) L.;., (TA,) re of failed or or broke, violated, He (TA,) or f~ ittaiud attained to man. to the age of pbety: attai ittained an epithet of commendation: (.:) accord. to performitg, he MWa TA:) Myb, 1], (A, oath: his performing, of ISb,having cur ed bone: the b_,1 t ThA mare, he says, is I asho,] [Hence (TA.) ood. wod. a A he committed (6,TA:) catme his oath: in untrue I-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ termed t.9;_: and this latter, accord. to 4, is in, or crime, in his oath. (TA.) Also Here- ,Aitdrm childrem of adtdtery or fornication: ooourring tracted, or ,evoked, his oath. (TA.) - And the Una trad., acoord. to one reading: aooord. to an epithet applied to a mare curved in the ,5L. racted, is (M#b.) verb alone, He said wvhat was not true. (KbUlid mnother Perb [or shanks] of the fore legs: or, accord. to IA*r, 1 mother (L.) reading, . ,I ),l. says. he wa as what from or, inclined leg.: TA.)_-He 1bn.Jembeh, 1bn4embeh, kind the of] shanks in [the lJl;. Violating, or failing to perfom, Ahis ,!j$;. true false to rhat mw true. or from wha wvas in another place, curved in the 3L [here app. fabe Path. what was false. (1.) - [And app. t Re Path; or a violator, or wof-perorm , of his meaning the Aind shank]. (TA.) [See also ,'oto 0 a~~~~ < 4O.) which lath. ,.ommitted ommitted (M#b.) ath. [And a sin, or crime: a meaning eems to beindicated in the ]p: see :_, below.] cems see ~e.: we

0 a. : (g:) [tee j:]) accord. to A'Obeyd,


.~ 2..

A thing rpecting which pople differ, and and JL-,, [mentioned in the S and Myb in art. and vhich admits of its being rgarded in two to 9 and , ; &c.] cimilar c Jo.,] applied to a man, (, M9b,) Short: (?, iimilar diffomt itifferent ways; au also . (L) [8o colled diere~t 4. MNb, 15:) and, (1V,) a some ()I made him to Iecause f . ($,1) 9-. say, (Mqb,) large in ~~~~~~~~~~( because it may make one to be untrue in an 4. ffl the belly, (Az, lSd, Myb, 1,) and short: (Az, 2iolate, oath.] ,iolate, or break, or fail ofperforming, his oath. )ath.] "or "]Jlehy; (IS,d ISd, MIb:) and [in the C1; Such a one (, TA :) l Such oath:4 L$ (e sing.; accordL accord. to some, having *no ~l..., '6' (t: fur-garme 15;) as also J .. (-.)~A conjuremnt the to not, or consented not, uented but ;ecord. to others, its sing. is , and umted ' (A, $, :) or an old and w~orn-outfurgarment. )ff such a one; contr. . (T and TA in this s of this is app. the truth, and is agreeable with analogy; (I8d, .)- An old and wrom-out boot. (ISd, Irt.j .) (MP;) (MP;) (MF;) Placs [L . ccans] of fainginto the . c(ISd,1s .) violation violation 1o.)The sea; as also. t dfer of an oath or oaths, or tisnto sin or a.l t He put aray, or castaway, from 5. 'Za.j 5. 81 1 . (TA) and ' ednu; crime; expl. by himmlf --. t, i.e. sin, or crime: (I8d, Towseace above.-Also, (T, O,TA,) and himmlf e': ,13l (o) sbeeb, TA: it is said that there are only six (T, h0, ],) [but the latter has a more abeeb,TA:5 I h verbs of the measure of this signifying the putting verb intensive signification,] Loquacrious; a Areat away, away, or casting away, from oneself a thing, [i. e. talker. (T, O, the thing denoted by the root,] which are O^ the , here mentioned in the 1: see art. ,^ ~ Ja. also see and Ji-: ee : aJn and ~ , in which I have mentioned it U Q. Q., and and 5u-3 and , nd and_w and work mhereby toescape like the two words here following, which are (TA:) - he did a ;.g.: (TA:) mentioned in the latter art. in the $ and 1] &c. from sint, or crime: (IAr,Mqb:)theapplied himself to acts, or exercise, of devotion; (h, A, ace art. and y~. mr_ [or 1_sand t, m'.: see arts. ,,,,}ee Msb, 1o;) accord. to Ez-Zuhbree and the , Mgb, during numerous nights; but it has been shown &by the Expositors of El-Bukhiree, and others, )j:~~jm that this addition is taken from words following that ,) to wbhich the verb in the explanation of a trad., and has j~ [or jar], (, pe, A green i J~ &c.: c. ee art. j~.. 1'~ and nothing to do with the meaning of the verb itself: some add, inclining to redness: (TA:) or wine- viotlbing relinqsuished [the worship of] (MF, TA:) t jars, (A'Obeyd, Nh,) glazed, or varnisahed,green, (MF, (S;) and it may be (Nh,) which used to be carried to E;l-Afedeench, idols; ($, V;) like A_;; the m,e in this verb is interchangeable with that that 1. ,': with wine in them: (A 'Obeyd, Nli:) the use of see what next follows. Q. L j , (A,) or a substitute for J. (TA.) You say ,j, which, for preparing Jin therein, is forbidden in also, I.i Q. It (the night) was, or became, Q. 2. kfv"' He abstained from uech . a trad., because it quickiy became potent in them, a dark: thing as a in, or crime; syn. ,hU, (, A, 1, dark: (15:) or intensely dark; (TA;) as also by reason of the glazing, or varnish; or, as some * -And And He (a man) r.. ([am (yam p. 140.).. t He ougAht * .t And (A.) nd (A say, because they used to be made of clay kneaded andb feU (Cgh, :) meneak: was fell down; and to bring himelf near unto God, or to advance with blood and hair; but the former is the right to (TA.) _,.~. in art. tioned by fgh himself in God's favour, by rorks [of devotion reason: afterwards applied to any jars, or pot- himseif &c.]. (TA.) Darkss: (1:) or inte~s darkness: L Darkma: tery: (Nh:) thus some explain it as a sing.; kc.i. You say, i. :;_ The violation, orfailureof prformane, (1Im p. 140:) pl. ,?-.. (.) (Az, TA:) others, (MF;) and the pl. is a ) [They jorurnyed in tAe darAncus, as used n. inf. [an i4 TA:) J'Jl A,1, (, oath: an of as a pl. [or coll. gen. n.], of which the sing. [or as in the saying or intense darknss, of ths night]: and u/ t t is a simple subst.:] pl. 0 ; n. un.] is with : (MF:) some say that the augmentative: so says the author of the Mtb: ;p, oA b41o [He me is accountable for, or At [in the darknes, or inte~s darknm, of the A tJ1 ] chorge7ble of or failurew others, that it is radical. (TA.) [See art. violations, many wit, charge,7ble nights , q.v.]. (A, in art. ... ) nights eaUld .; as also [the pl.] performance, of oaths]. (TA.) ,;) (Az, Black clouds; A sin, a Z crime, an offene, or an act of disobedience. (, Z derives it from '1.l mening J*. ;i,. ,.1.-: (Az, g, V:) because, with the Arabs, Mme, .fe IA, Mb, h.) So in the saying [in the iur (TA. [See art. ,~ ]).. Also, a an epithet t; and A, [[tseeb w( (IS.J is [used for] 1 applied to night, (1, ,) Dark: (':? or is1 s o''s j ;, A Ivi. 45], ) or as being likened lIv,i. see also T;m; in art. l t~ t~ dark; ( ;) and so t _,%. (l[am ted in great sin]; (A;) mean- te~sey t[And they 'I' to *3" (meaning jars) filled [with water]: (Az, 1 p. ~. and l;. belief in a plurality of god. (B4, Jel.) And p.I4o.) You say TA.) n. un. with 3. (1Q)- The colocynth- ing boy) (a He eta . 45,) lvi. in (B hence, (TA.) -[Hence,] ,,IJu.JI Thrae niAhts (4, plnt; (, TA;) because of its intense greenness: hence, attained to th age hwmen h was pusbkl for TA) of the luhnuar montAh, (TA,) newt rfler the nU. u. with . (TA.) 1

a violator, 2. 1m. He pronounced him (4..) )r )r non-p~former~, of his oath: (Mb:) [a verb





i [q .].


IH ence also,] d,

. ,

a phrase like a_

[Intensely black]. (L.)

~,O.sta term applied by the people of the East to DirAem cut in pieces; which pieces they use for change, and in almsgiving: so explained by Esh-Shereshee. (gar p. 81.) , . :- see


,~,_e ~ see

in art. ~..

' 3; ,, (9, ~, &c ,) mentioned by J and egh in art. 3j.; but IB says that it belongs to the present art., the ) being a radical letter; and thus Sb mentions it as an epithet, in a sense explained below; (TA;) and * '.a/ (Sh, g) and Jo;. (TA) and t j ., (],) allowed by S9, but disallowed by J, (TA,) and t;. ' and tJ ,4 and - ' (1) and tk)- (TA;) [The herb lotus, melilot, sreet trefoil, or bird's.foot-trefoil; so in the present day;] a certain plant; (8;) a certain herb, or leguminow plant, (,) resmbling frea, or green, i [q. v.]; (TA;) i.q. !J3: (?, :) a Nabathwan name,arabicized. (;.)~Also the first, A tall man, incompact, or incongruous, in make, (Ibn-Es-Serraj, lg,) like hinm who is ij,.~ [or insane]; (IbnE.Serr6j, TA ;) or, as some say, like the 'j*m [or : see -~ Also t The intensenes, or foolish, or stupid, &o.]: (TA:) or it signifies violence, and burning, of heat. (9, L.) also i. q. ~ .. (].) And One who turns about 1 1. ,,:, (S, A, Mob, ],) aor. ;, (Msb, ,) the eyes; or who does so much, or frequently. ;5.L. t Intense, or violent, Aheat. (]r.) He hunted, sought to catlch or capture, or caught (AO, Az, Y5.) [But in this sense it belongs to or captured, (S, A, Myb, V,) such animals as are art. j~-.] t A man (TA) that weats much. (, hunted &c., (~,Msb, IC,) or such as are termed &c.: see the paragraph TA.) ,and i0 At~.l , pl. of ."m; (A;) as also t1.. (TA.) inm mediately preceding. t;., like .atli, [a proper name, indecl., with _.JI ^;a.~ The erpent bit him. (A, TA.) kesr for its termination,] t The sun. (I.) 4: see above. I;m t+eat: so in the phrase Wl. i%'~ bib. Anything that is hunted, or caught or 1. .. , saor. , inf. n. (, LA L, , &c.) and t Burning heat. (L.) captured, of birds or flying things, and of [or, ;lu~t,, [which latter is an intensive form,] He jt;a Roasted flesh-meat; as also t ; . and accord. to the Cl, this word "of" should be roasted a kid, &c.: (M, L:) or he roasted fleshomitted here, as well as where it next occurs,] · which last is an inf.n. used as an epithet: meat with Iheated stones, (T, A, L,) [in a hole dug t j, wchat are termed 1jnJl [venomous or noxious in the ground, (see ",)] in order to cook it (L:) or roasted with heated stone.s, (T, A, L,) in reptiles or the like, such as scorpions and serpents], order to be cooked thoroughly: (A:) or a sheep a thorouylly: (A:) or he roastted a sheep or goat, or goat roasted, and having heated stones put (1, A, Mgh, Myb, 9i,) and of what are termed antid put upon it helated stones to cook it thoroughly: upon it to cook it thoroughly; (, L, ;) as ~.';'l ;,1.,m. (1,) such as the hedgehog, and the (S, L, ]..:) or he roasted flesh-meat by covering [lizards of the kinds called] ,: and iJi, and it oer in fire, or burying it therein: (AZ, L:) also * j...; (TA;) which Ibn-'Arafeh explains or he roasted it to that it dripped: (M:) or he as meaning roasted by means of heated stone put the [rat called] j^', and the common rat or roasted it without overdoing it [so that the mois- upon it, so thoroughly as to fall off from the mouse, and the serpent: (TA:) or any animal he says, signifies roasted by whose head resembles that of the serpent, (Lth, ture dr;pped from it]: or he scalded a kid &c., bonew: or j., means of hot stones so as to drip: (L:) or hot, Mgh, Mqb,* ],) of chameleons and of [the lizards .o ast to remove its hair. (L.) [See also J.m; roasted, flesh-meat, of which the moisture drips: called] .,tl ..1t , and the like: (Lth, Mgh,* andl stec 4.] ...... IJI , (A, L, IK,) aor. , (Sh, L, :*) this is said by Az to be the best Msb :*) or any creeping thing, of beasts and of inf. . Jlf , (L,) ! The tun burned him, (A, L, explanation that has been given of it: (TA:) or birds orflying thingjj: (Kr, TA :*) and the serK,) namely, a traveller, and pained his brain. roasted flesh-meat not overdone: (L :) or roasted pent: (S, Kr, A, Mgh, :) or the viper: (? :) ;, )_8 ,A,L naor. , by beiag buried in the fire: (AZ, L:) or [roasted or a kind of white and thick serpent, like the ,) inf n .; (9, L) and t, (A, L,) He flesh-meat] for which one has dug a hole in the C)Q;, or larger; or the black hind thereof: urged on the horse, (A, ]g,) and made him to run ground in which it is then covered over [with (TA;) or a serpent that blows, but does not hurt: , heat or two heats, (, L, K,) and then threw fire or hAtted stones], agreeably with a well- (Ham p. 026:) and the common Jfly: (Ibn. ripon him cooerings, (, A, L, ],) one above known practice of the Arabs of the desert: (Fr, another, (L,) to the number offire or six, (T, L,) L :) or roasted in a hole dug in the ground, 'Abb.d, A, ggh, P ) pl. k.z.. (S, A, Mgh, O) in the sun, (9, K,) in order that he mightt s^eat, heated stones being put upon it. (.Har p. 20.) and OA. (A, TA.)

LWOOK I. (T, S, A, L, ]g,) to reduce hi. fat, and prevent [8ee also alo 1.-Also tHeated 1 . .]__8ee his breathing hard. (T, L.) To a horse to which water: (]C:) or Aot water. (Sh, T, L) tA this is done you apply the epithets t, and kind of oil. (.) t A perfumed preparation t , . (9, A, L, .) If the horse do not sweat, of 'Sti. [or marsh-aUowe] and the like, for you say of him, tS. (0e,L.)_ /&-: e 4. washing the head. (, TA.) 4. Jk.d He cooked flesh-meat thoroughly. (L.) Jl. v ( * t Beverage, or wi, mied with - [See also 1 ] _- Also, inf. n. L.i, t He put nmch water. (IA#r, TA.) (But see 4.] much mixture [of water] into the beverage or see M;.. wine ( ): or, as some say, the contr., i.e. he put little thereof: (1, TA:) accord. to Fr, U...: see J;~, in two placea: -and see (L,) i. q. ;l and uh.al: (T,L:) AHeyth also L disallows its being syn. with these two verbs: (L :) but in the M it is said that i . t , aor. , means the made the water for him little, and the beverayge, or wine, much; as also A&J.: !j-.. An ass of middling make (LJIl ~;4'). (L, TA :) accord. to Fr, · LA. 1 I means (g.) Also SIort andstrong: or broad: (g:) W.&1., i. e. t [mhn thou givest to drink,] make or short and broad; applied to a man: (Th,TA:) the water little, and thte se. much; (T, L, TA;) and thick, coarse, rude, or bulky, (]g, TA,) and short. (TA.) [See ?ilj, in two places.]- The or this phrase means i41, i. e. pour into cock. (6.) Also, and 1 ;_ A jfock of thy beerage, or wine, a little water: (?, L:) in [the kind of birds called] UWJ: (C :) or the male the A it is said that ,JE J ':, I means ofthe Us. (TA.) [See ... in art. ,j..]. : [nmhAn thou givest him to drinh,] givre him to And both these words, The carrot of the land drink pure [wine] that shall burn hiJ inide. ( i 'j. [see .*i.~ in art.. nj]): ( C:) n. un. (TA.) of the former with t: that of the latter is not known 10. Ja..:. I le lay upon hias ide in iAthe sun, to have been in use. (TA.) - This is [said to be] (V, TA,) and threm clothae over him there, (TA,) the proper place of these two words; [the p being in order that hA might meat. (g, TA.) You regarded as a radical letter;] (], TA;) not art. say, ,±il ,) ; i endeavoured to ,-j.. (TA.) make myself sweat by throwing clothe over me ,j see above: and see also art. .j.. in the sun. (A.)






I.] what is termed

odoriferous the


wrectly, wthat is chewed thereof disperses hu- AtndLm J.ed._ Intenselyred: (IF, I :) because c( the biteof a dog, it is coarsly wheat (i,J1 ) is called fmJl. (IF.) ours; butfor P~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ wurs; m1 pounded, ounded, and put upon the bite; asis said by the u~, bee aiathor of the "Minhaj :" and one of its wellnown properties is this; that when it is put upon known a ;j_,It pkco n. aor. , (T1g,)inf. of heated iron, and powdered, and ringpiece 1. ~., (16,) alolmcia accord. (seed-produce) attained to the time for its being ~ms the moisture ~rms ( -j) are smeared nwith 0 Tia -It (a tree of It thereof, it removes them: (TA:) pl. _. S.) reaped; asalso V 1. ( kffeof, cummis t) its and mature, became C_*) in & the kind called ]. (AIlei, TA.) the nitUfruit [lik h or it also * " 1:( 8:) leave became white; as [The colocynth; cucumis coloeynthis;] termed] snature, (li, TA,) and there L$" An eater of much ZL_m [or wheat], in a became ,vhite and a certain gcertain bitter plant; (Msb;) [and its fruit;] cameforth Upon it a dust-colouredfruit,and what rder rder that he may growfat. (]p.) - Accord. to *a *U hnown; ( ;) i. q. 5&:: (~ :) n. un. with : resembled pieces of glue appeared upon its tops; kboo-Nagp o and Aboo-Sa'eed, (TA,) Inflated, or Aboo-Nagr this (g, ] :`) [accord. to Freytag (who refers to 5, not Mqb, A and '; (]g, TA;) , aor. (TA;) asalso TA.. (1,TA) mollen roollen; syn. Avic. Lvic. and Sprengel. hist. rei herb. vol. i. 175, p. [the last, though omitted in the V";_1: (TA:) I . also to the momordica elateriumn, applied .269,) to be the most common:] or its colour U.: E, seems p UL..: see what next follows. or r :] ther~ is a malespeci, prophetarum cucumis became white inclining to yellowness, antd its nd ndaftmals; fibrou; the latter soft, theformer afemale; relates, on the authority a odour sreeet: (1Athl:) Az 1) and ?1;.. (1Ath, joyJ.Ys (8 IAth, M sb, 0ir oir r easily broken, white, and easy to swallow: and tS-I, dab, 10) of IA9r, that one says, t4Ij,,21, clyster: c [Perfume such as is termed] ;s : (9:) TA:) the choice sort of it is theyellom; (V;) TA:) dab, II -: and one says, of the - ^v: like ,r, br or odoriferous substances (IAth, M 9b, 1]) of any cor,accord. to the "Ilinoon" of the Ra-ees [Ibncome to leaves its for out ;eeni, breaks first it when 8eena, from which the description of its properties iind hind (V) that are mixed (lAth, M 9b, Ji)for a E od V and TA, is, with some slight little forth, 1.31 A3; and when it has increased .orpse, orpue, (Msb, 15,) in particular, (Msb,) or for e ad uses, in the rariations, the white, very white, and variations, taken], variations, A; and when its greenness hasc by little, &jtl ¢rave-clottes andfor the bodies of the dead, conl- ,o rave-clothes .ft 5 of ;3, or musk, or ambergris, or cam- 'oft; for the black and the hard arebad, and it increased, J;t: and when it has become white isting O' i not pluched until it becomes yellow, and the is said of a (TA:) or tL*-; and mature, L] BZ h _: 4 Indian cane, reennem namely, has completely gone from it; (TA:) substance, greennes r)hor, otiler or rphor, tree, and of a herb, meaning its fruit became tspulp its . pulp attenuates the thick phlegmatic humour gr,sandal-wood, said JL.; from derived bruised: or sandal-wood, 'j_. (Alin.) _ 4 mature; and so J_, inf. n. Aatflows that flows upon the joints ([, TA) and tendon, signifying that its colour became _ sifynifying It (leather) became red. (S, ]g.) [Thcinf. n. of 1f 1)f the ,TA,) (TA,) when swallowed (I[, TA) in the dose of white inclining to yellowness, and its odour of the verb in this sense is not mentioned.] ~See white twelre eeerdts, (TA,) or ued in tie mtannerof of twelve sweet: (IAth:) the term o_ is applied to a also 2. sweet: it is beneficial for melancholy, and a clyster: anything anything with which a corpste is perfumed, con- epileps, and the [sort of doting termned] ,.vlj., and 1g, the in TA;) (S, gMe;m. n. inf. A.., 2. 3isting and sandal-wood and and alopecia ( ; and mush of sisting He 11.1d, ;) (TA J1 .;j), and elephantiasis and ! J;_, aor. ';which is a mistake; that things other and camphor, and ambergris ambergris burial]) for e. [i. person (1p J the tumidt prepared him (a dead (1pTA,) and [the diease oqf (..I4J1), are sprinkled upon itfor the purpose ofperfuming log, [and also it (grave-clothing)] with 1 [q. v.]; are leg, termed] JSJI fo; for thae three ued by [i.e. arthritis, rubbing; rubbing; rubbing; andfor the cold ,.. (S, ];) as also t 1"a. (1I.) And [hence,] it and drying up its moisture. (Msb.) or of vipers, and the bite the andfor (TA,) with gout], a*i'ote. tJmni1 [lit. lie nas prepared for burial aiLe:.. The trade of the Joe. [q. v.]. (S, 6.) stimj ([, TA;) root; its especially scorpions, of stinj is used to sig,nify] he died. (l.) for of medi. beneficial the most being this last itio. Ltr.. A seller of ak.. [or wheat]; (S,Mgb, and 4. 1%~-1: see 1, in five places.~ -l: cines; a drachm of its root, administered to an ctnes (1m;) Msb,1 ;) as also Vt5 . a rel. n. from the Ap.ab ~..:> see 2. - Th.e former also signifies lie, or Msb,l;) Arab stung by a scor)pion in four places, being is explained said to hare cured him on the spot: that which is i pl.] [The (Mob.) former. it,made him,or it, to bleed: made him, or it, to be bloody; or smeared, befouled, or deffled, him, by the lawyers as signifying Persons wvho trans- plucked green relores [the bon'el] excessively, and l anoon:" vomiting: so in the "1 or it, ,rith blo odl: it (blood) befouled, or defiled, port wheat (1ac;~) fromn the ship to the houses. producesexcexire bene (TA:) it is also beneficial for the tooth-ache, 1,y him#, or it. (IAqr.) (SIgh (Slgh in art. Ji;.) funtigating fumigating with its seeds; andfor killirng flet., 5. S;JlIe (a (enad person) wras, or became, see the next preceding paragraph. by sprinhlin nwhat is cooked thereof; andJortlha (K.) - Also, prepared [(for butial]with Jo. sekitica, scihttica, by rubbing with what is green thereof: . ;;1 A possesor of albs*. [or n-heat]: (K1:) , (S,) lie (a man) made use of JL;. or S,-11 (1, (1], TA:) its root is cooked with vinegar, and Lj_.for- hirnselj; in his clothing: (S, TA:) so or one who posseses much tleecof. (fgh, K.) (kne one 'rinse the mouth with it for the tooth-ache; and the vinegar is cooked in it in hot ashes: whe, in v trad.: meaning, on his going fortth to battle; [A.possessive [A possessive epithet, like ,s and .. tU.] And and as though dciring thereby to prelpare himself for )9q1_ ;93 A A people ihose seed-produce hA cooked in olie-oil, that oil, being dropped [into death, asd to induce hiiimself to enedure the fight attainedto the timefor its being reaped: [in this the ear-hole], is beneJicialforringing in the ears: with patience. (TA.) sense also] a possessive epithet. (TA.) - Also, it is beneficial also for the moist and flatulent sense colic: ceolic: and sometimes it attenuates the blood: adfor prepared 1 [lit. lie desired to be [act. 10. [act. part. it. of £;., or,] accord. to Ski and I8d, ministered ministered as a suppository in the vagina, it hills and hence meaning] he (a an act. part. n. of burial with 1j 1, as applied to the thefwtus: thefatus: (TA:) nhen the plant bears a single n1an, Fr) emboldened hinself, or became ethaving and] [Mature meaning to analogy, contr. ru!t, fruit, this is very deadly. (g, TA.) [See also boldened, to encounter eatl, holditng htis lifi in its learex become white; as also t.L;; : (TA:) J...] Accord. to [many of] the leading autholight estimnation. (Fr, 19.) and, applied to a tree, and a herb, haringitsfruit rities among the Arabs, (TA,) the ~ in this Wlteat; and the grain of wheat; syn. ukature. r. mkature. (Aijn.) Also, accord. to Sh, i. q. woi.d word is augmentative; (Msb, TA;) because of Ja J;1.. [app. meaning their saying, .e1.l J)J&., meaning "the camel in the phrase and p," ; (Msb;) of rvSl, In k ) and c (e , Msb, forth its kave, of trees of the became sick from eating J ; " and J and ggh the first three of whichawords, . is the most What is putting a. but accord. to Ibn-'Abbid [and Fei and others] have mentioned it in art. ;) the werll-known giin kind called L]: sof e}setle pecin tree called JJb*.: J11m.: but ISd says that this is not an evidence calUed : (TA:) chen ed, and applied as a poul- and the V, the fruit of the kind of (g, TA.) leather. Also Red of its being radically triliteral; and that i0.' is C(TA.) ; (TA.) or, :) tice,it is good for the bite of a dog : ( 83 Bk. I.

or bitten, by _ v134 Sting, h~. (IAqr, 6-.)



[]Boor 1. I like ;; (u an epithet applied to a woman n) ey; because he was the first who ordered ts o._-A certain tree. (IAqr, ].)_ IA c~ from 1~pi,ult, wbich must be acknowledged tto make them: by rule it should be 4_. (Lth fermai dave, at one time la2 and at anotlm' brisk. (IAvr, 1~.) be radicaly quadriliteral. (TA.) L, · ) i;_ Irnclining to a right state or tendeny (Er-I(ghib, TA:) or right, or having a rig/l t i state or tendency;

1. ht~, aor.

worshipper of idols, in the Time of Ignorance, called himself thus; and when El-Islam came, they thus called the Muslim: accord. to Akb, it wa applied in the Time of Ignomnce to him who was circumcised, and who performed the pilrimage to the [Sacred] House; because the vices or eerci~ . (8.) [See iJ.] Arab* in the Time of Ignorance held nothing of J;., originally, A natural and par the amys: religion of Abraham except circumcision and ticularly an intersion of the foot, so that th& e that pilgrimage: accord. to Ez-ZeUjjjee, it wu upper side become. the lower: o says IDrd; applied in the Time of Ignorance to him who (Mgh;) or a croohdnes in tae lg, or foot, made the ypigrimage to the [Sacred] House and " o r " ) (8, O, ;) i.e., (8, O, but in the 1 a performed the ablution on account of $44 turning of one of the great toe towards tAd and otger: (8, O, :) or [a distortion that causes] wa circumcised; and when El-Islam came, it one's walking on the outer part of tAhfoot, on thAwas applied to the Muslim, because of his turning side in which is tAe little toe: (IS: [and so accord. from the belief in a plurality of gods: (TA:) also one who devotes himself to religious exercises; to an explanation of 1 ... l by IA r cited in the 8 :]) or an inclining [app. inwards] in the fore or applies himself to devotion: (Mqb :) its pre* dominant application is to Abraham: (Mgh:) part of the foot. (Lth, ].) Accord. to Ibn_ 'Arafeh and the ], it signifies also A rigAt state pl. .IU;. (AO,TA.)-[Hence,] Ji;_ or condition or tendency; and accord. to the Recent [grounds of pretension to respect or honour]; ofthe time of ElI-4m; not old (TA.) former, the epithet t I F lI is applied to him who has a wry leg, or foot, only by way of presaging ~ Short. (JV.)-Amakeraof/andal. (15.)

laore of Abraham, which i; the religion of El 1 Isddm: (TA:) or Ahe became eircumcised: or A e turned away from te worshAip ofidols; ($, ];: ) and beome, or made Aimself, a errantof God or applied, or devoted, Aimself to rgiou s

" s bo:m ( Iz p.2.[e (TA:) or one who is ofthe religion of Abraham, also ?"';~, below.])_-[Hence,] Ui A.*., (.,) in£. rn. (1, TA,) in respect a a of making the Sacred Hous ,: and .:. j;,; tL: [thus written in ,- , (],) I ,He rend d Aim, (],) or his le [iOf Medkh] his iblea, and of thes rite of circum the TA; though it seems to be implied by the orfoot, (,) .gAl. (.8, :.) cision: (TA:) [and] a Muslim; ($, Mgh,Meb;) ) manner in which the two sayings are there in8 .. m3: ee 1, in two places. - [Hence, because he inclines to the right religion: (Mqb:) ) troduced, in this art., that the verb in each ae I but in this last sense, it is a conventional term 5 , from --._1.t in the first of the senses e did according to the ~4 ; (., ;) i. e. the the professors: (Mgh:) [or,] accord. to AO, ol f is t the

or it, irclined, or declined. (, TA.) You sa3 c in like manner as ,i is applied to a crow: ) L J., (8, Msb, ],) aor. , (Msh, K,) in. n. 11 X (TA) and ,1l *t.$.3 (g) He inclined [and particularly] inclining, from ore religion ,. (I,* Mob, 1) and ( ],) iHe H., ws, or to another: (Iam p. 85:) or inclining, from to it. (g,TA.) And became, .i4 . and~ t'V.i an~erd, or enraged: (.8, Mb,]:) or any fsel religion, to the true religion: (Mgh:) ~emently an~d or enraged: (1, yIam p. 29:) He declined from it. (TA.).;j., aor.: or inclinig in a pesfect manner to El-Isdm, ' ,~ against Aim: (.8 :) or it may be from the (Mqb, 9,) inf. n. J.; (M,b;) and JA ., and continuing firm therein: (J:) and any one nor. ;i (];) He had that kind of distortio n rho has performed the pilgrimage: (Ay, g, TA) signification of "cleaving," or "sticking;" as hkicA i t red a~ explained belon,r O say I 'Ab and El-Hauan and E-Suddee; and though meaning t rancour, malwolbnce, malie (Mtb, g.) As says the like on the authority of Ed-pa1Bak: or spite, clove to his boom. (-am p. 29. [8ee

, (1,) in. n. lw., (TX(,) H,

(Akh,8, TA;) thus applied


2. at_, (],) or A

assigned to it below:] see ;~.

2: see 4. 4. .;m.. 4 t lie bore rancour,malevolence, malice, or spite, [cleaving to him, so as] not be relazed; or le Aid, in his heart, enmity, and violent hatred,

not to be relaxed. (1, TA.) See also l... It

a right state: but Er-Raghib explains ...

1..:1 i accord. to Tit and Zj, An inclining to you say of seed-produce [or corn] #.l J*._ a,!. i ~.. ~, i.e. Its a thing: but ISd says that this explanation is law of Abraham; which ears had, at the head, what reembled little comad; The persMns called in relation to the nought. (TA.) -The pact balls: then the extremities of its an, or Imam Aboo-Haneqfehc [becaue they hold his is the religion of El-Isldm: also termed beard, appeared: then the internodal portions of e.. (TA.) - See also ae". tenet].; as also t (TA.) (JTi. [is its its culns ap)peared: then [it bore farina; or] it n. un.: and] signifies [also] one who is .of the increased, and [its heads] became like the heaods NA;~t Haring that kind of distortion which is reliyion of Abraham. (Mgh. [See also ] ) of birds. (TA.) _- He angered, (8, M.b, ],) or tewred b;:. as explained above; ($, Myb, ;) enragel, another. (S, M9b.)- He made a beast .. A i$4'; [by which is here meant a esuel applied to a man: (S, Mqb:) and so [the fem.] lean, oi light ofJesh. (yHam p. 29.) tcith a tap, for the purpo~e of ablution, such as 'U;~ applied to a leg or foot: (V:) accord. to is often used in a private house; and a fountain, IAr, one wvho wral on the outer part of his ;; Anger, or rage: (., J:) or vehemence i. e. a tank with taps, for the sante purpos, in a foot, (S,) or of his feet, (Mqb,) on the side in of ar.ger or rage: (M,I, IlIam p.29:) or tanger, mosque; because person of the persuasion of whirh is the little toe: (.:) or who has one of or rage, that cleaes to one: (.arp. 173:) or Aboo-ganeefeh must perform the ablution pre- his great toes turning towards the other: (Mgh:) rancour, malevolence, malice, or spite: (gIar paratory to prayer with running water, or from its abbreviated dim. is ? 1 _ (Meb.) See p. SG8 :) pl. 02;.. (~, 1.) a tank or the like at least ten cubitr in breadth &.li;, A curved and the same in depth;] but this application is ,A;~, in two plaes - Also (S, Mqb, C) and tlj.; (ISd, O, ) staff or stick; in the dial. of Syria. (TA.) post-classical. (TA.) J , (L, ,A A bow; (1 ;) because of its curved Angered, or enraged; ($, O,M,b, V;) us also shape. (TA.) TA,) or t i4 , (so accord. to the CI,) or _-.A razor; (g ;) for the same reason. (TA.) t fj:: (S, Mb :) or rehetly angered or enraged. (s.) a.*., (so in a MS. copy of the ],) Certain smords, so caled in relation to El-Ahnaf Ibn A certain marne,fish, also caUled;%lh. (i.) - and . it-: se se ` .. :--andL^O~.

as signifying an inclining, f'rom error, to a right state or tendency. (TA.)



m: see


(the back-bone, or the back, .. JI) clave to the belly [by reason of leanness]. (l.)_It (a camel's hump) became lean and thin. (.)_ He (an ram, g, or, ua some say, a camel, and a horse or a mule or an ass, TA) became lean, or light of flesh, or slender, and lean, or lean, and lank in the belly, in consquence of much covering: (Ii, TA:) or, said of a horse or other animal, (A, TA,) or of a camel, (.ar p. 173,) his belly clove to his back-bone, or back, by reason of leannes. (A, Har p. 173.)- And .1I (a camel) became fat; had muchfat: thus it has two contr. meanings. (Az, TA.) - It (seed-produce [meaning corn]) spreadforth the awn, or beard, of its ears, after they had formed, at the head, what resembkled little compact balls; (g, TA;) as also *j:. inf. n. ' . (Ibn.'Abbid, .. ) IAqr says that

Boox L]
:. ea S

-,. ILean, or light of ,'led; or sdkder, and lean; or Lan, and lank in the belly: (AHeyth, applied to camels: T, TA:) and so the pl. j.. (Q, :) or the former, applied to an ass, (9,) or a camel, (I8d, TA,) lean, &c., as above, (S., ISd, TA,) in conseqwnee of much coering, (.,) or 1i~.e applied to from lut, or hunger: and so the sing. to imagined they hores; as though i : (I8d, TA:) or the sing., applied to a be home, (A,) and to an ass, (TA,) lean, &c., as above, so that the bellUy cleaes to the back: and applied to horses: and e.,s so the pIl. J, signifies fat; as also Qpi| (A, TA :) or j.e [pl. oft j (TA.) .]; (], TA;) both applied to camels.

wood, or stick, into his (a beast's) spper a ., or the extremity of a horn, so as to make it bleed; because of something happening therein. (Az, TA.) - See also 1, in three places. - Also He turned the piece of cloth [forming part of the grave-clothing] beneath his (a corpse's) a, i. e., the part beneath hit chin. (Mgh.) [See below.] also 'l, s,_.l He turned 4: see 1.- Also ,r ' l him back, or away, from the affair. (;,0 TA.) ; (8 ;) i.e. He turned 5. 4C3 i.q. [a portion of] the turban beneath his ~ [here meaning the part beneath hi. chin and lower jaro]. (S, I(.) - See also 8. 8. ,jJ1l 1.;J1 jL.~1 t The locusts ate what was upon the land; (., K, TA;) and consumed, or made an end of, its herbage: (S :) or gained [here the mastery over the land with the j. meaning the mouth], and ate [the produce of] it, and extirpated it: (Er-RAghib, TA:) derived from .i..I, by which is sometimes meant "the mouth," and "the beak." ('Inayeh, MF.) And eI 1 1 UI1:l tThe camel pulled up by ; the roots the [plant called] J.m.. (Az, TA.) "alI tie cropped the And ,;;_ [for ,.i1 herbage] is said of a young gazelle. (1 voce y.m.,q. v.) And i:;a_l t lie took his (a man's) property; (lSd,K;) as though he ate it with the 4.L.. (ISd, TA.) And t lie took it entirely; took the ehole of it; namely, what another possenssed. (ISd, TA.) And :lie gained the mastery over him, or it; got him, or it, in his power. (K, , in the ,;. TA.) Accord. to Akh, Kur [xvii. 64, cited, and explained on the auwill thority of Ibn-'Arafeh, above], means will .I and progeny; his a.suredly extirpate assuredly incline them [to obey me]: (TA:) or, accord. to Fr, t I will asuaredly gain the mastery over his progeny. (S, TA.) - See also 1, in the three places. _Also .- 1-I [and t j.3, latter found by Reiske in this sense, as mentioned in Freytag's Lex.,] He (a man) wa.s, or became, firm, or sound, in judgment, [by means of experience:] (S, TA:) or experienced and submissive, like the horse in lwhose mouth the rope has been put. (TA.) 10. _.;A1 t Ile (a man, TA) ate vehemently, (Sgh, K,) or strongly and vehemently, (T, TA,) after eating little, (Sgh, K,) or after eatingfeebly tThe f and little. (T, TA.)-oa\L l 'm... [trees called] oL& were, or became, pulled up by the roots. (K.)

1. 0.~ l J'A., (9, Myb, ],) aor.; and -, ($, Mqb, 15,) (Mb ;) and V , inf. n. .; inf. n. e.4A; (Mgh, Msb;) He chewed some dates, or some other thing ($,Mgh, Mb,1 ) of a similar kind, (M9b,) and rubbed therewith the L.~ [i. e. palate, or soft palate,] of the child. (S, Mgh, aor. as above, m = ,..1 Myb, l5.) -Anld put a rope in He (9, ],) and so the inf. n., (,) held by ISd (S,]i;) the mouth of the horse; to be derived from i oJI, though it is said that ; this is not the case; (TA;) as also (], ;) whichl signifies accord. to Yoo he put a rope in his mouth and led him: and thus lbn'Arafeh explains the saying of Iblees, in the Iur i. e. t I mill &.I, t [xvii. (A], assuredly lead to obey me hits progeny, except a few. (TA. [But see 8.]) -And [hence,] a.k Age rendered (1,) $ A..l., A.1, inf. n. £. and him firm, or sound, in judgment, by means of experience: (TK:) or experiences rendered him firm, or sound, in judgment; (15, TA;) as also (rTA;) and ; · .E.., (Zj, S,,) inf. n. m;._ , (Zj, s, K,) and V :.<l: (1 :) this is t said to be the case when the wisdom-tooth grows forth: and accord. to Lth, (Jisl ,) 1,tZ1 i J signifies his teeth called ,i1 ,il [the wisdom-teeth] grewv forth. (TA.) And -ZS:ZS 1 Affairs did to him what is done to the horse by putting the rope in his mnouth; i.e., rendered him experienced and submissive: or trained, or disciplined, and reformed, or im. (TA.) And a.; proved, him; as also t or proved, him, tried, fortune, or a .1l Time, him expert, or rmndered and him, and taught experienced,and well informed, orfirm, or sound,

(Zj ubi supr :) and also applied to the two jam: is the ~ (TA:) or, accord. to IAq, the . part of the mouth, [beneath the tor jaw,] and are the the _4 is the upper part: and the C$1. but TA:) Mgh, As, (Th, upper and the lower: · . is scarcely ever applied to the ~pr alone: [this art., however, shows instances in which it is thus applied :] (Az, TA:) it is msae.: (Mb :) pl. tli;, (Myb, 5,) which is its only pl. form. (TA.) Sometimes, [as is often the case in modem Arabic,] The mouth is meant thereby. ('Inayebh. MF.) And The beak: (, 'Iniyeh:) It.li or signifying the beak of the crow, or ran: of blacksas the or the blackness thereof: (V:) saythe [whence TA:) itsfeathers: (Er-RIghib, C J--. 1 40". I >J_l, (s,) or .. ing,] ,i" . (TA.).And .. /d; respecting which see t A party of men seehing after herbage in a district, or country, to pasture [their animals] upon it: (I, TA:) pl. .14. (TA.) You say, ) '.0 'tl j.,, meaning S The partie ,e 't of men passing [in search of herbage lft not in our land anything]. (TA.)



in two places c wand see .At~: see ;., -. Also t Intelligent; applied to a also woman; (] ;) and, as some say, with 5: (TA:) and to a man: (V :) so says Fr: (TA :) and pl. ., which signifies the same; (TA;) as of *l, (IAr, TA.) - Eaters: does alo Vt . applied to men, (TA.) 'a$" (Lth, S, 0) and t A', (Lth, I,) or v ,.L;., (1,) and t . , (Lth, TA,) : Firmnena, or soundnes, of judgment, (9, 1, TA,) produced by experience: (1, TA:) or age and ez~perence, (Lth, TA,) and knowledge, or skill, in affairs: (TA:) or experience, and good judgment: (W p. 176:) or mature, sound, or right, judgmetnt. and tLi. Jl and . (MA.) They say, '..l .JI a 11:lThey arepeople ofageandoxperience[&c.]. , Also the first, ($,1,) and 'V (Lth, TA.) (A'Obeyd, former, the of pl. (I,) [or] the latter is S,) [or is also pl. of the former,] A thong, (53, A 'Obeyd, S, Il, [in the CK aJJ,]) or a piece of wood, (1.,) which conjoitn the [piecesa of wood (so in two copies of the g,) or called] 1.J,,, 0 (,TA, [in the C.K .iA ahl,]) of the ,e'l9 ,(15, [sadidle called] .j : so in the T. (TA.)

- J'. A bond for the neek, with which a captive is boutnd: whenever it is pulled, it goes against, or hurts, his & [i. e., the part beneath the chin and lower jaw]. (TA.) - You say also A.! meaning He laid hold upon the ;_": see "S(., in two places. _.1~ J'L., d;a. [or part beneath the chin and lower jaw], jL..: see and the .4 [or part between the collar-bones], J.~ The part beneath the chin [and lowerjaw], of hij companion, and then dragged him to him. in judgment. (IAr,TA.)-_And ;,.JI ;. (S, 1],) inf. n. .A ., (TA,) 1He understood the (S, Mgh,) of a man &c.: ( :) or [the palate, or (TA.)_ See also itl . :...and se thing, and knew it soudly, thoroughly, or well; soft palate;] the interiorof the upper part of the ~ t A man rendered firm, or sound, in int. n. inside of the mouth, (I, TA,) of a man and of a ; (, 15, TA;) like J_ii, 1 syn. A1- l beast: (TA:) and the lower part, from the ex- judgment, by means of experience; (], TA;) U i~. (TrA.) tremity of thefore partof the two jaws, (J,) below (1) ( i 15) nd ?;L; and ?ai also these: (TA:) or the roof of the upper part of the his t rubbed le a.., inf. n. A14, 2. t (TA) and L.', q. v.: (Fr, :) and t [i.e. palate, or soft palate,] (!, TA) so as to mouth, (Zj in his "Khall el-Insn," EI-Ghooree, '...],aocord. nake it bleed: (TA:) or he stuck a piece of Mgh, TA,)from which dependsthe ;1 [or uvdula]: or J;~ [i.e. either V 'tt ort 83* 1

660 to Lth, signifies a man vwhom the management of ,.flairs has rendered experienced so that nothing that he dots it despised: and Vt Jl , a man nwhose intellect and age have reached the utmost deg.ree [onf naturity]. (TA.) - Also t An old man. (IA;r, TA.) - And t Niggardly, tenacious, or avaricious. (AA, TA.) -And ' A good eniter; epplied to a klt% [or beast]; (1;) to a Flhe-camel, and to a sheep or goat. (TA.)

[Boox I.

art. A,commencing with the second sentence ;)] of the [canerssaddle called] ., (* C/, TA,) i. e. such a one is not counted among the brethren. and of the [carmels saddle caled] Ja.: (Ci, (Th, TA.) And [hence] a poet says, TA:) each of [the curved pieces of wood called] the tj3, the anterior and the posterior, of the horse'ssaddle: (Mgh:) and a bending, curN ing, or crooednss, of anything: whence, '*' ": :" " ".. , J, 1l [the bend of the mountain]: (S:) pl. tof [Time, orfortune,bore upon them rwith its weight, and ras preging in its exactions from thee, so paneuc.] 'LWI ($, Mgh, 1) and [of mult.] t_ tlhai the finger was bent]; meaning that it took [orinL "J1 iq JJIL, 1 (S, ,) i. e. Black that the best, those that were counted [with the fingers]. [in the C/f, erroneously, .i",]and is inten.vel black. (TA.) (IAvr, TA.).._L lj., inf. n. _, (],) He ginally y., first altered to j., and then, be. xtrung, or braced the string of, a bow; because, &L.I1 (9, 0) in the saying "I.;.t ;JI cause of the kesreh, to j1, ] (i, TA.) _ [The in doing so, one bends it: (TA:) or he made a J.l Ttis camel is the most voracious of the ca- bon,. dual] O'S.. signifies The two curwed pices of (K.) --. . '. He tn,isted his arm, or IIels, (8,) or in the phrase wood, with a net upon themn, by means of which 'i ii the hand; (i in this art.;) as also "-. ' aor. :, oheat is contteyed *nore voracious of the tno camrt¢, (K,) and to the heap that is collected inf. n. La.. M( in art. U U..)also together sigin the place where it is trodden out. 3L;. JI 1 the more voraciou of the tn,o shep nifies lie peeled a braneh, or stick; or stripped (i.) - And the pl. ,i'1, i. q. ,J or goats, (TA,) is anomalous, because one does [as meanit of its bark; (ISd, TA in art. ;) and so ing tSides, regions, quarters, . not [regularly] use a word of this kind denoting or the like; and a natural attribute: (., V:) and it has no verb; sj ; (ISd and 15 in that art.;) but the former limits, bounds, or boundaries]; like '1. (·) is the better known. (ISd, TA.)i ;_ (Sb, TA;) like tl. (L in art. Cj.) The saying, ) ;.J jqJl means .l., [i.e. lSij, (S, M,b,:,) nor. ', (S, M:b,) inf. n. ,.; t Straiten thou the limnits, or bounds, of thy evity, .... . 6 ' JLM: see ., in two places. (S,1.;) and ,, aor. ;; (Msb;) Sihe (a wo- (alluding to the restraining of birds from flight,)] man) undertook the care and maintenamce bf her on the right and left, and before and behind; by L 1JI and ?j 5 ..Jl, (1:,) thle former, onlly, children, and did not marry again, after [tAe loai j,,b being meant ; and 4'. (9, TA.) mentioned by IDrd, (TA,) signalify &il 1. of] thei,'rfther: (AZ, 8:) or, (Msb, 1,) as also she acted affectionately towards .--. j.')!t:tt tDubiout affairs: (i, TA:) or, a, '.m4 (15 [so in the C.K, app. meaning The t ,.l_, (Hr, J,) string wvith which the lower j.an of a corpse ix tied her children, (Msb, 5,) and did not marny again, as some say, it means tllj3 tpl; [ttAe ends, after [the lost oJ] theirJhther. (Msb.) And and limits, or bounds, of u,p: in a MS. copy of the IS, A'; ffairs]. (TA.) · as though I was affectionate, hind, or compasthe meaning were, the string that is used as a .4. $,4; A stooping of the hmd, and bowving of the halter, put in a horse's mouth: but the former I jionate, tomards him. (S.) And ;. L 3' back, in prayer. (TA.) regard as the right reading: in the TA, ... , also, He nwas affiertionate, hind, or compatsionpate, without any syll. signs].) tonwards him; like '..3. 'tU. The desire of a ewe, and of a wild cow; (S.) Accord. to IAar, for tle male. ($.) [See also dI3 tc ;.. and ,,..l w .] arnd t , all signify : see ~. :and see also J,.i, in the same as ,j [evidently, I think, a mistrunatwo places. ,,r~: see what next follu,bs,. scription for .,.j; i. e. lie compa/mionated his A child trhose JG [i. c. palate, or soft relatio,u]. (TA.)__-, (S, M, TA,) aor. ', ;A bow; (T, S, V;) so called becaume it i palate,] hat been rubbed nvith some chewed dates, (TA,) inf. n. y. , (M, TA,) said of a ewe, and bent: (T:) pl. t._, (9,' i,) [or this is a coil. or some other thing (S, Msb, 1.) of a timilar of a wild cow, She desired the male, (S, M, TA,) kind; (M.b ;) as also * . gen. n., of which am. is the n. un.,] and tt, (S, Msb, K.) and submitted herself to him. (M, TA.) 1~ See also '... (T, S, 15,) or this may be pl. of a '- (TA.).._ 2 see 1; for each in two places. Also applied to A1 [bowed, or curved,] tructure and .aL : see ,., in three 4: or building. (M, TA.) places. 6: see 7: - and see also 1, near the end of the s;o. A state of bending, or curving. (s.) paragraph. y. and ~. Hence the saying, respecting a man in whoie 7. L..jl It (a thing, S, as, for instance, a d e [ Vcily 1. ;t (K,) first f, pers. oc, (S, Msb,) aor. -, branch, or stick, TA) nwas, or became, bent, or back is a bending, j.j Ij in him is a Jeishx bending.] (TA.) (M 9b,) inf. n. ,;_, (.1, [in the CIF, .t; is er- cu,red; ($, K;) as also V _j: and the latter, roneously substituted, as another inf. n., for 1., it (a _.:, q. v.) was, or became, crooked. (TA.) 0t. [Bending, or curving]._ [Hence,] 3l, another form of the verb,]) iic bent it, or curved [Also He bent, or bowed, himself.] And u;; .' applied to a ewe, (15,) and to a she-camel, (TA,) it; (9, Mb, 15;) namely, a branch, or stick, or That twixts her nech, writhout any disease; (i ;) piece of wood, (?, Msb,) and his back; (9;) as SIl *. [He became bent, or bowred, by reason as also t.lj., applied to a ewe or she-goat: of ase]. (Mob.) also A;., (1 in art. ;~,) first pers. ., ($, (TA:) and sometimes, the former, from a dis.: see what next follows. Msb,) aor. ;, inf. n. (Msb,) or ,,.; ease. (TA.) And ate., applied to a woman, (K in art. ,,;) but the former verb is the That undertakes the care and maintenance of her '/d ($, Mgh, K) and *y. (R) Anything in better known; (ISd, TA in that art.;) and children, (AZ, 9, TA,) or acts affectionately towhich is a bending, curving, or crookedness, (K,) ,cards thtenm, It;,., (1g and TA in this art.,) inf. n. (TA,) and does not marry again, and the like; (TA;) of the body, (C,) such as after [the loss off] their father: (AZ, , TA:) (K in art ... ) You say also, ~' j the bone beneath the eyebrowv, (K,e TA,) and the pl. . 1._ and .Aet.; the latter applied in u as meaning JHe did not bend his back for the act jaw-bone, and a rib; and of other thinrs, such as similar sense to she-camels. (TA.) And C ., of t-; [in prayer]. (TA.) And jJl 0t; the [high ground termed] Jj, and the [tract of applied to a ewe, (At, S, M,) and to a wild cow, Time bent Aim, by reason of age. (Msb.) And sand termed] hAL, (if,) and the bend of a valley (s,) Desiringthe male, (AV, 9, M,) and submitting NLoY 'A;tj L.3 ) es [Such a one is [like 4~_t &c.]: (TA:) see i.L.~: and any herself to him: (M:) and ., (],) applied to of thow at the mention of whtom thefingers are curred piece of wood, (9,) such as any of the a ewe, (TA,) ve!emently desirous of the mae. not bmt; (see a portion of the first paragraph of cnr'vedpices of wood of the horse's saddle, and (15-.) 1



Boox I.]
glU.: see what next follows.


! fectionate, kind, or compassionate,of men towards then C.1^!] and that the Koofees say .,1. thee. (8.) !; but ISd says that their usage is and tV zp ,~l._ (Mgh and 1B in this art., and Msb in the Arabs say .n~.t, like jIs , and wrong, for art. ^., and mentioned also in the Kin arts. ':~. see what next follows. do not say 3~.1. (TA.) as also A shop; (M b, c -. and 'o..) 9 I;) VIUtS and MjL.., (K,) but this last was unU. is,#t:) · ;~ A bend, or place of bendin,,, of a valley; :] known to Sb: (TA :) [see I--;L, in art. .) see 9; for each in dithree places. (S, ;) bel,ow the acclivity; (TA;) as also 13. 2a and particularly the house [or shop] of a vintner, *~"; and thi'_: (K:) pl. OJ ; (s;) in which wine is sold; as also iL. [mentioned in ,a. [A brown colour;] redne.st inclining to [pl. of t ~.] is syn: (TA:) art. Ci S]; (Msb, TA ;) called by the people of with which l;: 1 blackneu: (As, $, K:) or a colour intermixed . [in like manner] signifies ?1~tjl El-'Ir/1 ;j4t: (TA:) the first of these words and P tthe with [the blackish red termed] ·;.b, like the rust (i. e. ; .) is said to be of the measure 1;W, the [bending] part of the valley that is below acclirit?/. (TA.) _ Also, [in one copy of the V. of iron: (S :) or blackness inclining to greennes. (AAF, Myb, TA,) like fi; and 0j;; the written .;, ] A bending, or curVing, tract of (1.) In the lip, [The brownish colour termed] [of the root] being changed into I, as in :&tI mbling [thitat e.] a colour ree ground, (Sb, ISd, .K,) whether of sand or of any ;g'~; (1 ;) and .,. and the like: (Mqb:) or originally or a blackMJJI: (T, TA:) r.AOJI and termed] other kind: (Sb, lSd:) Sb says that the L5 is ;.~, and then ,;31 , like .. i,: (Mgh:) (1lam the lips; which is approved. ness in which substituted for ., because it is from ,..; 386 or it is originally tb., like i)jp: (Mgh, Mhb: shows that he did not know .) ,;c.. (ISd.) And p. [but the former is said in the Mgh to be the right over wrhich tract of sand part of a ; ';> TZhe j.1 Of the colour termed 1.' [q. v. supr]: opinion :]) or it is originally of the measure J,Ai; w,indx [a po'rtion isuch as is termed] a bm.. and also black: (K :) or black by reason of [in(M, M9b;) so says El-Fir/bee; (Msb;) fiom (TA.) - Also A milking-ressel ( , q. v.,) tense] ;lsu [by which may be here meant cither t.i..; whliat is so called being likened to the nmade of the kitns of camels [or rather of a piece greennesu, or dark, or ashy, dust-colour]: (TA:) building termed ~.; the cJ being a substitute q!' the skin o/'a camel]: sand is put into a piece applied to a horse, i. q. .5 [i. e. bay] ore,for 3, as is said by AAF, (M,) and being ori- of the shin, nwhich is then suspended, and dries, spread with blachness; (TA;) or red in the back; ginally ;, changed into ;. because of the qui- becoming like a bowl: (. :) it is more convenient (En-Nadr, TA;) or more yellow than, but nearly 3.! escent letter before it: (Msb :) Az says that the (~~jl) to the pastor than other kinds. (TA.) the same as, such as is termed .^.l, so that one C. is augnientitive: (TA:) the word is fern. and swears, of such a horse, that hlie is _.: (A0, masc.: (Mghl, MSb, TA:) accord. to Zj, when 4_; and j 3Bent, or curved. (MSb.) .:]) applied to a camel, nwhose TA: [see J masc., .mcanin,, ;: (Msb :) pl. . : see what next precedes. ;.. [here meaning dark, or ashy, duwt-colour] (Msl,, TA.)_ Also The vintner himself: (15 in is intermixed with blackness and yellowrnes: ( :) see ... art. . -:) [like la. &c.] applied to a man, having [a brownish colour such as is termed] op. in the lip; ( ;) or having a :t_. [fem. of 1_., q. v.] - The pl. ilJI blackness in the lips, which is approved; (Iam [as a subst.] signifies The longest of the ribs; what next fol5. [originally j]: see 1. a, applied to a woman, (S,) and p. 386 ;) fern. ; (. ;) four in number; tno on either side. (TA.) lows. also to a lip (ai) as meaning red inclining to , Trhe benders of the bacl oq' _- And the old man, that cause him to full prostrate. 9. t.. , (As, 8, K,) [like Lq,&{, originally blackness: (]:) applied to a plant, inclining to blacknes. by reason of its intense greennes; ( ;) (TA. [But what this means I know not.]) .! then jj.,, and then and such is the softest of plants: (TA :) the pl. .S_, of the measure See also ,_. said of a is 3, inf. n. t1 aor. .; occurring in a trad., in whilch the best J1.a. rel. n. of 4a;L., as also ?jl3.; (TA;) horse, (Am, S,) Ile was, or became, of the colour of horses are said to be those thus termred: (TA:) te,rmed i~.. [q. v. infia] ; as also 't'sjl,(AS, or of ii..; (Msb;) and some say that V5j.i. the dim. of lsg^l is t*."I, in the dial. of him



is rel. n. of let.: (TA:) and .siLa. is rel. n. of ;l; applied to a man [as meaning A shopman, or the occupant ofa shop: and particularly, as also the first and second, a vintner: see also ., last sentence; and see the next paragraph]: (Msb:) or the Arabs did not say y't.. (Fr, TA in art. ;.)

S, K,)
then inf. n.

[originally .lm_!,

of the measure


1_~!, and then t.jl.!,] aor. .s.-, -!'

,e'l [instead of .,I, dim. of j;>"]; but there is a difference of opinion as to the form
who says

(As, S,) or, accord. to ISd, cor- with idghlm : 'Eesh lbn-'Omar says L..l, decl., which Sb pronounces making it perfectly because the L changes the j [after rectly, ."..1, a mistake: 'Amr Ibn-El-'AlI, or Aboo-'Amr it] into g, as it does in .1,l [which is originally Ibn-El-'AIl, (accord. to different copies of the
.1y.1]; (TA ;) and · Lg..l, (ISd, K,) [accord.

and g in W. Wine; (~ and K in art. i, the l;resent art ;) a rel. n. from 3l. [mentioned in art. Oj_]: (, TA :) or vint,ee,s; (.K in this art.;) [from 3A... (TA.) Jst~., q. v.; or] a rel. n. from


3 see 5;&.; for each in two places.

to the pronunciation of the Koofees, as will be said by IB to be seen below, originally jj.l,] found thus written in some of the copies of the book of As, [that entitled .U .L~,] but to be a mistake, because it is agreed that there is not in the language a verb ending with thlree letters of the same kind except W. .!e [for ~..1]; 'h (.K) (An, S, K,) like (TA ;) and '5¢.,

;,) says

.1, after the manner of jm.l, which,

, and a thlis, also, Sb disallows: Yoo says . says Sb, is the regular and right form. (S.) ;j A sheave of a pulley formed [IHence,] ii. Red ants; of black wood. (TA.) And _. 0

calle:~ ;.li- ,;.

(TA.) 5

l :

.*J;I W;_ A man having a [bent, bon,ed, or] Aumped back: fern., applied to a woman, ,1,~ and · s1.: ( :) the former fem. also applied, in the same sense, to a she-camel. (].) - See )J also the former fern. voce Jf.- _ g$_.l iA* W k poI tSuch a' one is the most af- ,Jhtl, [oliginally

in the .Kur [lxxxvii. 5], means, accord. to Fr, And hath made it (the herbage mentioned before) dried up, black by reason of olinets: or it may [originally aor. .] .'inf. n. ., (As, mean and hath made it to becone [or decayed, rla S,) or j. .; (K ;) this last verb mentioned by or dried-up, leaves and stalhs,] after it has been As as used by soime of the Arabs. (S.) And grcen. (TA.) ~ ! The land was, or became, green; 1;'~ ,l. 0g.qJ rel. n. of j..1. (TA.) as also ?t:jja; (K ;) [or the latter is correctly -. .i , . -it 1 ._1 and .1.l and t.1: see ._1. ;.,.l:] IJ says that f. In.l is of the measure I.l, then




see tJ,..l

602 I. t*. The name of the Ictter t, q. v.; as also




[Boox 1. -.,o^ signifies great sin, or a grlt isn: aeord. to VatAdeh, wrong, injustice, or tyranny : thu in

4UI .i.'lt .,:) it is called l. in a case of pause, and :. when made a noun: and when it is not called a letter, [i.e. when one does not prefix to it the word iJ..p,] it is [properly] fem.: its dim. is i#., meaning a c written emalU, or indistinct: (Lth, TA ubi suprl:) and its pl. is :. and; _,*and ,_': } . , and ,A11.. (TA ubi suprL) see , ., min nve places. I . Ia · a o 1..- and .,.: f a and jle. and LS^, [a mistrnscription 66 i · a ·-. 'a : see .J. *ur e ,,. like ~, and A,] rel. n. of . and t; the names of the letter ~. (B, TA ubi j;. and _ and . (8, ) and V ,oQ supri) (]j) A cry iued for chiding a camel: (9:) or a cry by which a male camel is chiddea, (Lth, lAth, I,) to urge him on; (Lth, TA;) like as L .~., (Mgb, V,) ee. pert. ',e, (8,) aor. a she-camel is by the cry j. and J. and k: is that used by the Arabs ~ _, (9, Myb,) inf. n. .,_ (9, Myb, 1) and the first form (.,.) [in general]; but the other forms are allowable: .. and it(.., (M,, t, accord. to one copy of j.m ,,. also occurs, with the , quiescent; the V .,,,) and 4sa (TA) and '..; ( ;) 1 occurs in a trad., in the same sense: . or this lat is a simple subst.; or, u some sav, it and m. ,.nd and .' are two dial. vars.; that with damm also, .. , ,j t . and , _and ?i [On! mayest thou not walk, or mayest of the dial. of El--Iij4z; and that with fet-b, )f1., of the dial. of Temeem; (Mb ;) accord. to Zj, thou not be rightly directed; ~. &c. being syn. that with dmm signifies "sin, or crime;" and with ,/., and followed by an imprecation]. that with fet-b, the "act" of a man; [i. e. the (TA.) Hence, JIw Jo 'A .:. Urge on! "act of committing a sin, or crime;"] (TA;) Should a delay be made in bringing milk much He ainnmd; committed a in, or crime; did what diluted with water? i.e., if thou entertain with swa unlawful; ($,M9b, .;) I.4t [by such a milk much diluted with water, wherefore tardithing]. ($,].) - Also, aor. as above, [inf. n. ness? a prov., applied to him who delays the not mentioned,] He, or it, became in an evil con- fulfilment of his promise, and then gives little. dition, or state. (TA.)He dien [another]: (MF.) of the dial. of the tribe of Asad. (TA.) ~, ~.*_: see .,m, in two places: ~and see also signifies The act of chiding a male camel also 4;., in four places. - Also Grief, or [by the cry ]. (Lth, TA.) [See also 3.] sorrow: and lonelines, or solitarineu: and so f .~, min both these senses. (i.) _ Diffl ty, distres, trouble, or fatijue; syn. q... (g. He chid the camels ($, J) try the cry v .. m _ . [That s. is to be thus understood here is in(v.) [See also 1.] dicated in the TA.])-Pain. (g.)mA difficult road. (TA.) -A kind, or sort: and a 4. .,;.1 .He pursued a cour# that led him to mode, or manner. (, TA.) You say,' Ai, or crime. (V, TA.) o. for ^ t.: k.jo1 0 IM '> I heard, or have heard, of this, see 4 in art. .,~. two hinds, or modes: and ' ^ & ;.. I saw, 5. 4.;. .Ie abstained from, shunned, or or haoe seen, of it, two kinds, or modes. (TA.) avoided, sin, or crime; put it awayfrom himself: ~A Ah-camel: (Jg:) or a buUly h~-camel: so (A 'Obeyd, $, I, TA:) he applied himself to acts, called from the cry ... , by which he is urged; or ezerciss, of devotion; became devout, or a like as a mule is called ~, : (Lth, TA :) or it devotee. (IJ, TA.) Here the form ,h3 is designifies originally a he-camel, and hence, from prived of the radical signification, as in the cases its frequency of usage, the cry oj^. by which he of the syn. words .," and ; though its is urged. (g,* TA.) property is oftener to confirm the radical signi..,~., (., A, Msb, .) and .'r.,` , (Mhb, · 1,) fication. (TA. [See ': 3.])You say, _,_~said by some to be two dial. vars., (Myb, [see 1, tjb ,; He abstainedfrom such a thins as a first sentence,]) and .t.A (., ) and ? _ rin, or crime. (A 'Obeyd, S, TA. [See also (A'Obeyd, I) and I r . (A 'Obeyd, TA) and another explanation below.])-He humbled himt Al. (1) and ' a, (TA,) Sin, or crime: or se in his prayer, or supplication. (TA.) - He a sin, or a crime: (,A, Mqb, g :) accord. to expr~d pain, grief, or sorrow; lamented, or A 'Obeyd, the first and second signify any sin complained. (, t,* TA.) And I.L >e .. He was earaged, and expred painorgrief or or crime; (TA;) Las also, app., .1;] and aw_ 's-, the former particularly sorrow, or lamentd, or complained, by reaon of [i. e. 4_. and such a thing. (TA. [See another explanation mentioned in the Myb, and app. ". also], a above.]) - He cried out, expresing pain or single sin or crime: (Myb, TA:) accord. to Fr,

;.: ($ and I and TA in

grief or sorrow, or lamenting, or complaining: he cried aloud, or vehemently, in prayer, or supplication. (TA.) He mept, in impatience, or sor,om, and with loud crying: and sometimes, in a general sense, he cried out, or aloud, (TA.) - He (a jackal) cried, or howled: because his cry is like that of a person expressing pain or grief or sorrow, or lamenting, or complaining, as though he were wahing from the pain of hunger or beating. (9, TA.)

the lur iv. 2; where El-asan read V instead of 1.. (TA.) One saysP, J3 W p L% J e l.AI 3 (T,TA) i e. (0 my Lord, accpt
my repentance, and mash away] my sin, or crime. (A'Obeyd, TA.) El-Mukhabbal Es. Sadee ays,

* ·


5 a1 9L2



[Thn introduce not thau, eoer, into thy grave, a sin with which4 a recknr, or takhr of ew geauces, may one day rie up against thee]. (TA.) - -. ,,. also signifies Perdition, dstruction, or death. (s.) [Hence, app.,] , i;l AI quiv~r; syn. at1;5. (TA. (The vowel of the t is not indicated.])..Disease. (i.)_.A trial,a trouble, or an affliction. (I.) You say, j, t ;. , . [nThes are the family of thd father of trouble; i. e., of one who is in troube]. (TA.) BSee also ,.. - And see a .. $a..:see .

34^: see ,, in three places. _ Also Maternal tendernem of heart. (i.) - Anxiety;

(,V ;) and so .
indigence; ( ;)

. (TA.)_.Want; powrty;
u, also i;. and *t,..
5 ji i. e. S;t


You say, in prayer, ;"


¥;,-. (9, I,') inf. n. &

,:J ,

[To Thee I make known] my want. (TA from a trad.) And i;.l , i ;m jJ M;.ay aod bring upon kim want, or potvrty, or indignce. (, · TA.) [And hence,] tv s A 'XI man op~p by difficulty, trouble, distress, or adversity; a man in need: i. e. any man in such a state. (IAr, TA.) And tf *>tI jt [The family of a man oppresed by diffculty, &c.]. (TA.) .. A state, or condition; as also ta.a : (t:) but only used in speaking of an evil state; as in the phrases, F ', a . ;Q and . *a,.. sHe passed the night in an evil state or condition. (TA.)_[Hence also, for F_j^ ,j, and 4 $L, and y. ,jl,] A weak man; (AZ,, a u;)


ta .: ( :) and a weal woman: (TA:) and weak peron: (Q:) and [a man who can neither profit nor harmn; or] a man having neither good nor evil: (s:) pl. 4, . (AZ,@.) It is said in a trad., .Wt.JI i ,!, for ,ltjI ;Ilij, i. e. Fearye God with respect to the needy women, who cannot do without somu one to maintain them, and to tahe constant care of them. (TA.) And you say, I;i3f i' &. ;, Verily I hav a weak family to maintain. ($.) .- A person whom one is under an obligation to respect, or honour, or defend, and who may be subjected to lou, or ruin, [if abandoneud,] such as a mother, or mster, or daughter, or any other female relation within the prohibited degr"ee of marriage; u also 'a.: (ISk, :) any such relation whom it is sinful to subject to loss, or ruin, by abandoning er: (A 'Obeyd, TA:) or a motAer: (i:) by some explained peculiarly as having this meaning: (A'Obeyd, TA:) and a

BooK I.] wife; or a concbins; (s;) because both re:uire to be maintained: (TA:) and, as also V ,j, The father and mother: and a sidter: and a ;i i ! J daughter. (.) You say, 9


- c:^

me, or ~tic me, by guile, like as theifih (;-) does in the mater. (A.) - t He trove, or con tended, with him, to repel him. (,.) - tHe consulted him, or consulted rvitA him. (].) t He talked with him, consulting, or making proand ,i' (Ik, .8,1*) and V/- (1 ) I hare misr, in the case of a sale. (R.) among the sons of uch a one, a female relation ,L Fish: (M,A,1 :) or [rather] a fsh: such as any of thos above.specifed: (ISk, 9:) or one to whom I bear relationship on the aide (S, TA:) or a great fah; any great fuh: (M, of the mother: (i:) or a relation within the M9 b, TA:) of the mauc. gender: (Mgb:) pL prohibited degrees of marriage. (AZ, TA.) - A [of mult] O1t~4 (9, Mob, 1) and ja' and [of sacred, or an inviolable, rightof a person, n.hich it pauc.] ;1t1. (K..)_[Hence,] ;. 1 _1 would be siI,l to disregard; as in the saying, (in the l]ur lxviii. 48) [a surname of The prophet] y'3j 9~. '' ~ i [I did it for the sake of the Jonas. (Bd,Jel.).[Hence also,] `jl t[The sacred, or inriolable, right of suchl a one]. (A.) constellation Pisces;] a certainsign of the Zodiac. -A horse, or similar beast; syn. atl: (K:) t The coutllation (, 1g.) And SyljJI z.Jl for this, also, cannot do without some one to take (1zw &c.) And aJ,11 ., Pieis Australia. constant care of it, and to sustain it. (TA.)1 The middle ofa houes. (l~.) Perhaps the . in t The bright star [a, caUlled by European astronomers Fomalhaut,] in the mouth of Piscis this instance is a substitute for. . (TA.) Auwtralis. (~szwdc.) ;js.: see , :: ~and see also a.., in two 9.a.3 [Of, or relating to, or like, afsh, or places. _-,s J '>* .'. A bad tract of land; great fish]. You say, .AWJ'I i [(He is as alo 1 ' /. (TA.) like afiah, or greatfh, in snalloning]. (A, TA.)

(g,) inf. n. a above, (TA,) I fonooh my may in, or in rpect of, of him. (15.) 4 .,.I: ee L -It is so transitive. (Mph.) You say, % ai .j.1 I [Another made him to want,orbe in nd of, hi, orit]. (f) And Of"'o'; ^l jI;0j ,t[EviloU time, or eil fortune, made me to be in needof thee]. (A.) And u 'q;;. ' j X £ [May God not caue me to want


such a one]. (A.) And 41 L.p [I mwa caused to want him, or it]. (A.) And isq.j.1


ri [God caused him to want much a

thing]. (Mib.)

am.3 He sought an object of want, or what

he manted; (K;) or one object ofmant aJtranothlr. (TA.) And t . He went forth ceking, or seeking leisurely, or time afcrr time, what he wanted, of the means of his ssitenc. (A, TA.) And . j i! He wanted th thing, and deired it. (L, TA.)


L,: see ,,: places: and H.'

and see also a._, in six

Z.J" The mnale of the [or serpent]. (A.) [But the proper place of this is art. .]


8: see I, in five places. - Also inclined to him. (1J.)

e7.l He

t;: see 4.l. Also A certain kind of thorny plant or tree. (., 1.) See art. .

ii; (AZ,S,I ;) as ."_tJ, The soul; syn. also .. ,.: (AZ, X(:) or the soul n,hose sea L [also called the it in (Aeheart; syn. r.J1

t: see art. uJ]: AHei animnal soul, 0 le asserts, in a disquisition on the heart, that this word is formed by transcription form 'l.:


(TA.:) pl. ;gj.-. (S, .) You say, 41 ,,

[May God guard, or preserre, thy soul]. (A.)_[Also] The body, or person; in Persian J3. (KL.)
;.1A. Slaying; or a slayer: of the dial. of the tribe of Asad. (TA.)

rL;~, as an epithet applied to a man, Mlore, or most, or tery, sinful, or criminal. (S, TA. [This meaning is implied, but not expressed.]) (I., , or, accord. to some, .r,. .. ,i, (MF,) and * ' , (1,) A man wvhose ncalh passes arrayfrom him, and then returns. (l..) ,r,~_: msee what next precedes.


$1;, aor. $,

(S,) inf. n

(1,) t lie went, or circuited, .:. and i U, round about the thing; said of a bird, (, 15, TA,) going, or circuiting, round about water ,, Z s V? .-.~,l He wanted, needed, re[like a fish (._) in water]; (TA;) and of a quired, or found it necessary, to do, or that he wild animal: (1 5:) as also s, .. lb.. (TA.) 1 fs i seould do, su.h a thing.] And 3. jl1. ~ lRe strove, or endeavoured, to turn [Such a one nas wanted, or needed]. (JK in him, or to entice him to turn, syn. ;jlh, (9, L, art. J..) - Also to.., aor. and inf. n. as above, A, &c.,) in the 1g 41;, but the former is the He doered, sought, or sought after. (TA.)_ right explanation, (TA,) :*. > from a thing, And _ and t c . 1 He wat, or became, poor, as, for instance, his family, and his property; or in poverty or want or need. (TA.) (9, TA;) t he strove, or endeavoured, to beguile i q. t 2'It him (A.) You say, 3.. 4.. 34 t e ,+s pasud the day striving, or endealvouring, to turn [ThIe road led him aside]. (&.).-

.. Safety; freedom from eoil, harm, or the like: so in the phruae ,JJ1;;. [God grant safety ~,. a dial. var. ef _.., (S, 15,) of the dial. to thee]: (1 :) aid to a person stumbling. of Teiyi, (Lh, IHbsh, I,) or of that of Temeem: (TA.) (L:) some of the Arabs say :, like as some Es.. Poverty. (.) say ; (Ks, Lb.,TA;) and some say :, : .~l. (s,5, &c.) and ' '.3., (AA, Drd, is:) the (Mughnee and TA in art. *. is former is a contraction, &c.,) of which latter the is the more origcinal form; (ISd, TA;) but 4 or the latter word ia (Kb in the 'Eyn, TA,) chaste of the two forms, and that used in the unused [except as an epithet, as will be seen lKur.-n; though both forms are good. (AZ, TA.) below], and . ( l ip. , &,g, ,) are syn. words, See art... of which the meaning is well known: (S, ]*, TA:) Want; need; necessity, or necssitlude; exigency: (TA:) [whence,] ,.L. 1. one who (.,Mqb,) is constantly in want, or ned: (IIar p. 148:) 1. t._, (.,MiMob, l,) aor. tinf. n. ; (S, K;) and. , (,1, ) inf n. a.. is a more general term than Ai; or each of these terms is more general than the other in ; (a, Msb, V ;) [the ti!; (;) and t some respects, and more particular in others: second of which is the most common ;] the last, (TA:) and the former signifies also a thing irreg. [for by rule it should be L.{]; (M ;) wanted, needed, or required; an object of want, are syn.; (., M.b,' ;) and t-, aor. of need, or of exigence; a want; a ndful, or inf. n. signifies the same; (M, TA;) He, requisite, thing, affair, or busine: (A,TA:) [and a thing to be done, an affair, or a buines :] or it, wanted, needed, or required. (KL, TA.) pL to., [or rather this is a coil. ben. n., of You say, 6, t., (M, TA,) and ,1 *1 which ._. is the n. un.,] and L., [which and aA.l, He, or it, wanted, needed, or re- is of more frequent occurrence,] (?, Mb,],) quired, him, or it. (TA.) [And in like manner, and [which is of rare occurrence,] (,,)




(., Mb,K,) which is anomalous, (9, .K,) and was disapproved by Ay, and pronounced by him to be post-clamical, but he disapproved it only beoausre of its being anomalous, (S,) and he is said to have retracted his asmertion of its being post-clasical, (TA,) for it ia of frequent occurrence in the [elazical] language of the Arabs, (9,) in their verses and in the traditions: (IB, TA:) it seems a though formed from the

and .1L.,


L.s., (9, 1],)

which come ausert to have

been not used; or, accord. to some, it may be pl. 1

C-4,- -


[BooK I.

, changed from the regular form of 1., ([,,iginally ~ ~, like is, by putting the [.l:ided] k before the m, agreeably with what is often done in the language of the Arabs. (TA.) You say, s.. . [He accomplished his want]: (TA:) a phrase which signifies [also] Ae did his businu; meaning he eased nature. (lSk, TA.) And .,lJ1 F. it. 'i [Take what thou wanteat, or requirest, of the food]. (A.) And ; U;. UZ and 431._. and *.:4 . [In my mind is a want]. (AA,TA.) And .1_. YOj , J [I want a thing of such a one]. (TA.) [When the thing wanted, or not wanted, is mentioned, or referred to by a pronoun, the subst. denoting it, or the pronoun referring to it, is preceded by ,!J, as in the sayings I.. JI aqa. I have a want of such a thing, and 4.. 'l b. I have not any want

ol :.


of it, and ai iL. L What is the reason of thy want of it, or thy wranting it?] You say also, tW 'W1 Sj 1 t . >i o s t There remained not in his bosom a want but hL accomplished it. (TA.) [The dim. of :4.. is ' ti.,j: whence the saying,] * ,4 ~.. ~ R*.i j * ,- j ',1 lq.i t S I have no want, [nor any little want,] with respect to him, or it. (Lb, h, ]8.) [See also t.., below.] In the phrase JJl .. ~ [Seeh the little thing that thou nantest], it seems that the second and third radical letters of the latter word [originally J.It;'.. ] have been transposed [and that ;~. has been then changed into S1.].

assert that it has not been heard [as a classical by befriending and aiding you? (Aboo-ase4, 1. word]: (Msb:) ISd thinks that CO is pl. of L:) or did we not overcome you, and han it in t '1I_, if the latter word have been used: our power to slay you ? (B4.) AZ says that in all verbs coordinate to _1,t, the original letters (TA:) the vulgar say ; [as pi. of .:] of the root may be preserved: that the Arabs say meaning J. Ib. (Mgh.) ,,~"1 and y;l, and .1, I and $,° : and tat their doing'so is agreeable with a rule see the next preceding paragraph. constantly obtaining with them. (..) The grammarians say that he who says 1., aor. j_, says only I...l; and he who says jl, says in like manner 3. _" 4 .. (L.) _ Also 1., aor. Smi, (L,) inf. n. 3jS., (L, 1,) He guarded, 1. ;a., aor. i q , . a. . , ex- kept, kept safely, protected, took care of, or minded, [a person, or thing;] syn. j11., (L,) plained in art. ,~... (1.) inf. n. ;y.. (L, 1.) And , 31.., (L,) inf. n. 3. .J ;J .l [like .,?jW] The ferer re_~.; (K;) and tv~t, inf. n. ;1^l!; (TA:) turns to him repeatedly, or time after time. (s.) He was obsewant, or regardJfl, of it; (L, 1 ;) 5JIJwly .. _; le H visits [repeatedly, or as, for instance, of prayer: from JtIl 1_. sigtime afteia' time,] during the space of several days. nifying " he collected the camels together to drive (TA.) them." (L.) - And 1)., He did a thing, or an affair,Jfi,rnly, soundly, thoroughly, or well. (L.) -Also, aor. and inf. n. as above; and 1j.il, inf. n. 31t.; and .JI j,I ; He journeyed (S, L, 1,) He drove the camels quickly; (S, L, hard; nwent a hard, or rehement, pace. (L.)

1. ;) as also Vt?l^, (., L,) inf. n. ^1a'I: (1 :)

or violently; (M, L;) like Cjb., inf. n. j: (L:) or roughly: (B:) or he drove the camels to water; like t&jt.. (A. TA.) - Also He collected the camels together to drive them. (L.) - And ;.j t aj1 t3J., I mastered, or and gained the mastery over, the camels: two forms of the verb mentioned by Zj and IKtt and others, as coordinate to ji and J1.. (MF, TA.) And .J1 jt.JI s1. Tite he-ass gained the mastery over his she-asses, and collected them together; 21; I left not any act of disobedience to which like t&j..: (L:) [and so was enticed. (TA from a trad. [But see ': * 1:1] Lein art.]) beed says,

4. j1.I, inf. n. 31.: see 1, in four placee. _- . 3,.1 He gathered together his garment, (L, K.,) and drew it to him. (L.) t.iJl ~,.! [in some copies of the g Hie1] He (a work-

man, 1. [in some copies of the arrow termed ."I. (L.)
10. 5;i.,l and

J gL]) made

the arrow light, by scraping, or paring, it: (L,. :) a phrase used by Lebeed, in describing the

1...l: see 1, in four places.


k..~.: see -You


., in four places: say also, .


see 9 I..

'l,. ~ There is not in my bosom any doubt re-

specting him, or it. (Th,$,].) And

' ij -*r -@';





[There is not

any doubt in, or in retpect of, thine affair, or thy cas]. (S.) _ And j&.,. ) ,; L no y* , like the phrase %j 51j isi ; ,tb, i. e. I spoke to him, and he returned sme not a bad ,rord nor a good one. (ISk, S, I~.) a.: a.'t., in two places: _and see see You say also, y 2 i M Take thou a different and ninding road of the land. (1.) s: ee

o1.., in two places. - You say

also l.t;. 4.l. and V __ A great n:ant; a thing much n'ante(l. (TA.) A man in want, needy, indigent, or poor; (iM'h, TA;) [as also * ":] the pl., by rule, should be 6" because it is an epithet appili(tl to a rational being; but the pl. ued is __~...: some, however, reject tlis, and

itjl (A, L, MIb) and CAii JI. (1, L,K) L, Th/e part of the back of a hIorse that is beneath the i. [or saddle-cloth]; (S, A, L, Mqb, X(;) i. e. tle tmiddle there(f; (Mgb;) as also J.JI (Slx, A, L) and :i1j j..: (8, L:) also the line along the middle of the bach (M, L) of a man; [When they became collected toqether, and he (L;) but J.JI is more approved in this sense: gained the mastery over their flanks, or] drew (M, L:) and 1_.J! signifies also the back of a them toietlher so that not one tf them escaped hint, man; (L, K;) like Jlt.Jl: pl. ;1_1. (L.) [and brought them to the wvatering-place, gal[Hence,] I1aJl 1h. : ?A man light of back; (8, 5 loping tpon long crooked lgs; bfor] by .& he A, L, Msb;) as also Jt.Jl Jj -. ; (A;) meanmeans [crooked] legs. (S, L.) -And [hence,] ing having little property: and also having a o1, aor. and inf. n. as above; (L;) and a.l . small firmily to maintain: (L:) or having little ,i, (S, A, L, .K,*) and 31..1; (8, L;) lIe property and a small family to maintain: (L, owereame, mastered, or gained the mastery over, K :) like .JI. W.Ie (A, L, Msbh.) And ,i, . him, or it: ($, A, L, :) [like ejtm .] You say, 3.1t and 'UIJ t[lit. Io is thy bach ? meaningo IJ~j.S t?.37.~l tIe mastered such a thing; thy state, or condition?]. (Sh,L.) l.. and gained the mastery over it; gained possession ;tQl both signify tA state, or conrdition; like of it. (L.) O 1.A,e tL..7.I [in the 1gur Jd_ and jI., which are the more approved Iviii. 20] means Tihe devil hath overcome them, or gained the mastery over them: (S, L :) or hath wolrds. (TA.) You say, ;,~,l t ;1l~ gained the mnastery over their hearts: (Tl, L.:) or t They both ore in one state, or'.ondition. (.)_ hath gained the mastery orer them, and inclined .iltJIl The parts of thu backs of the two thighs them to that which he desired oJ them: (M.sb:) (of a camel, A) against vwhich the tail falls, (S, or drove them, hatring gained the mastery over A,* L, K,) on this side and on that: (L:) or the them. (B.) And °.4 _Jl [in the Kur parts qf the two thighs of a beast that face one iv. 140], Did we not ac(quire the mastery ovcr when he stands behind it: and two portions of your affairs,andgain p)o.ssession of your affection? pflesh in the outer sides of the tno thighs of a man (S, L:) or did we not gain the ma.itery orer you &c.: (lSd, L:) or the hinder part, of the tswo

BooK I.]




065 . (9, A, ]) and return (r,j tL) anything of the flour [app. for the loan of the hand-mill: see j_, below]. (S, .)i l j1.l He mallowed the thing sticking in his throat and choking him; [as though lie returned it from its place: see 1: see also 4 in art. jr.: and see an ex. voce j-..] (TA.) And l;b.1 ' Such a one is qwick in twallowing: [said to be] from what next follows.

thighs: pl. 1.I.

(yam p. 443.)

They say,


(s, A, M.b, )


jo ust;-.,j rl [The most thirstquencking of milk is that rwhich is next to the hinder parts of the two thiglh of the shite-camel]: i. e., when it is fresh-drawn, without her having been previously sucked by a young one. (TA. [But the first word, there, is C&1, which I regard as a mistranscription.])

*;l_ (S) and ;._, (M and TA in art. J31,) It decreased, or became defective or deficient. (q," A,* Msb, g.* [See also ;j., below.]) _ Also, inf. n. j' (TA) and *,L, (S, ,) He perisked, or died. (S,* . ," TA.) - Also, aor. ,., inf. n. j, lHe, or it, became changed from one state, or condition, into another: and it became converted into another thing. (TA.) *ij.': see jitl, in two places. 'Ž" Sj sf ' L; Such a one doe not increase nor become augmented [in his substance] s: ee e SI. (Ibn-Hani, K') is said when a person's being ._I;,j, A quick hunting. (L.) afflicted with smallness of increase is confirmed. j1 a., (TK,) inf. n. -, (IK,) ~.S~.l Quick in journeying, or in pace; one (Ibn-Hani, TA.) He wnas, or became, confounded, or perplexced, who goes a jour,ney of ten nights in three. (L.) And hence, t Quick in erwrything that he under- and unable to see his right course; syn. je.3. See also 2. takes: quick, sharp, and active in affairs: (L:) (K," Tk.) [See also art.. j~.] ~j, anor. :, inf. n. ( ;) and aj; ' active and skilful: (]:) active in a thing by reaon of his skilfulness: (AA, S, L:) applied aor. and inf. n. as above; (Mgb;) and V._.l, (as meaning active by reason of expertness] to the (K,) inf. n. jj.!; (TA;) and Z.;.n1; (S, wing of a bird of the kind called Ifi, by a poet, K ;) He, (a man, KI, TA,) and it, (an eye, 9, (9, L,) namely, gIomeyd Ibn-Thowr: ( :) quick Msb, ].,* TA,) mas, or became, characterizedby in hiJ affairs, wrho prosecutes them, or carries the quality termed ja. as explained below. (9, them on, w'ell: (L:) one mho prosecutes, or car- Msb, K, TA.) ries on, affairs in the best manner, by reason of 3 his knowledge thereof: (A:) one tvho manages 2. *a, inf. n. mm. , He made him, or it, to thlings shilftily, well, or thorotughly: (Mosb:) return. (7j, K.) -He (God) denied him, or ready, or prompt, in affairs, who masters them, prohibited him from attaining, what he desired, and to whom nothing is out of his way, or rphere, or sought; disappointed him; frustrated his enor compass; (A, , L, g;) as also t.a .: (L,* deavour, or hope; (K, TA ;) and caused him to i',:) one who overcomes, or mrasters. (L.) And return to a state of defectiveness. (TA.) ~ j,., inf. n. as above, He nihitened clothes, or g$.le signifies the same. ( andIgcc. inart.j..) garments, (S, Mob,) -and wheat, or food: (v:) It is applied by a poet to thick water (. S and tjm., (K.,) anor. , inf. n. ;, (TA,) 'S, l) uas meaning t Quick in moving the bowreL. he wrashed and whitened a garment, or piece of 8, L.) cloth; (K;) hut j1.a is better known in this sense. (TA.) __e:JI.~ jZ~, (inf. n. as above, TA,) He burned a mnark round the eye of the 1. j._, aor. ~, (S,) inf. n. - and j,. camel with a circular cauterizing-instrument, (8, (1, ]) and ;,, a contraction of the form next .,* ) on account of a disorder: because the place preceding, used in poetry, in case of necessity, becomes white. (TA.) - [He prepared skins such as are called _a: a meaning indicated, but (TA,) and ;.. (S, K) aid 3j_ .,, (K) and not expressed, in the TA. - And app. lie lined (TA,) lHe, or it, retur'ned, (S, L, ,) K I Also, to a thing, and &;,fiotn it. (L.)_ [lence,] a boot with sticA skin: see * .] (inf. n. as above, TA,) He prepared a lump of 4fi ~. It (a false imputation) retutrned to Aim dough, and made it round, ($, rith s,) a j_., [who was its author; or recoiled upon him]. (TA, from a trad.) And h.I ;a.. The thi,p (TA,) to put it into the hole containing hot ashes in which it was to be baked: (S, g:) he made it aticking in the throat, and choking, dexcended; round with a j. (A.) a though it returned from its place. (TA.)[And ,._, inf. n. j . and ;^', He rctur,nedfriom S. ju1m., (A, Mgh, Meb,) and,bl ojl., agoodstatetoabod.] You say, r b .~J. (TA in art. j, &c.,) inf. n. i6uJ ($, Mgh, (TA on the authority of 'Asim, and so in a copy .) and j1S, (A, Mgh,) lle returnedhim answrer of the 9,) lie returnedf.om a good state after he for an.nver, or answersfor answers; held a diahad been in that state: (A'Obeyd, S,* TA:) so logue, colloquy, confirenre, disputation, or debate, says 'A,im: (TA:) or L.t. ~a a.t, (TA, and with him; or bandied words with him; syn. so in copies of the S,) lHe became in a state of' jt.., (, and Jel in xviii. 35,) and . l 1;%I, defectirenesu after he had heen in a state of re(A, Mgh, Msb,) or .4,l A.1;',, (Bd in dundance: (TA:) or it is from jl., inf. n. j., RHe untrivsted his tur an: (Zj, TA:) and means xviii. 32,) or, of the inf. n., jiL1 ~!Lp. (s.) tHe became in a bad state of affairs after he had And jgt. He vied, or competed, with him, o,r been in a good state. (TA. [See ';., below.]) contended with hinm for superiority, in glorying, -,b j. .Hebecame in a defective and bad or boasting, or the like; syn. ,.@. (Jel. in state. (TA. [Here jt is an imitative sequent; xviii. 3'2.) (see ;) as a. is also ;jj in a phrase mentioned below.]) j;,., aor. as above, (MIb,) inf n. Bk. I.


l, (-, g, &ce.,) inf. n.


(TA,) He returned an answer, or a reply. (M1b, TA.) You say, C, 1 .i -i! I spok to him, and he did not return to me an anwer, or a reply. (9, A," Meb,* 1].") And in like manner, la. ;L . [He did not return a word in answer, or in reply]. (TA.) ,:jt.l She (a camel) had a young otws uch as is called

,1e. (g.)
6. jj1-., (Mb,B,tc.,) inf n. ;3t, (R,K,)
They returned one another annwer for answetr, or ane~rs for answers; held a dialogue, colloquy, conferene, disputation, or debate, one with another; or bandied words, one with another; syn. lIW3bl3, ( ,,) and lgIy,t (Jel in lviii. 1,)

or ^.l l',a-,

(Msb,g,) or .4,1



(BI in lviii. 1.) [And They vied, or competed, or contended for superiority, one mith another, in glorying, or boasting, or te like: see 3.] 9. a.9l, (95, l, &c.,) inf n. . *l., (1t,) It (a thing, ?, Mqb, and the body, TA, and the part around the eye, A, and bread, g, or some other thing, TA) was, or became, white. (9, A, MNb, -S.) ee also 1, last sentence. 10. ltI.. 4 He d~ired him to speak [or to return an ansrwer or a reply; he interrogated him]. (9, 1..) And l.1Jl j:a..l. He desired the hous to speak [to him; he interrogated the hous; as a lover does in addressing the house in which the object of his love has dwelt]. (IAr.)

ja. inf n.of . c;.. (9, A, Msb, K.) [Hence,] C;*il j..jJ C,>. A b a.', (TA on the autlio. rity of 'Anim, and so inra copy of the 8,) a trad., (TA,) meaning We have recourse to God Jlb,. preservationfrom decrease, or defectiveness, after, increase, or redundance: ( :) or ., aJ'I j.. ?.4l, (TA, and so in copies of the 8,) meaning as above: (~,TA:.) or tfrom a bad state oj' affairs after a good state; fiom "_. signifying the " u n twisting" a turban: (TA :) or fro,a returning and departing from the commnaunity [ol' the faithful] after having been therein; [fromi . "he untwisted" his turban, and] fromn L4 "he twisted" his turban upon his hend. (7zj,TA. [See also j..]) t3 ~ *,/' (S, g,) and j, ( D,) eficiency upon lefciencl,, (8, K,) and return upon return, (TA,) is a preov., applied to him whosec good fortune is retiring; (s, .;) or to him who is not in a good state; or to him who has been in a good state and has become in a bad state: (K:) or the saying ie, · ;;.- . ,,'9 [Such a one is sufferin,q " deficiency upon deJiciene~y: j. being used in the 4. 1. [lie returned a thing]. You say, sense of A., like " in the sense of ;;t]: so ..o L 1t. . She ground, and did not beard by IA0r; and said by him to be al)plied in 84

GO6 the case of a thing not in a good state; or to him who has been in a good state and has become in a bad state. (TA.) One says also, ) jWI , WhAat is false, or ain, is wraning and re0P . 21, (h,) treating. (TA.) And j or pW pV, (1 in art. ;e.,) Verily he is engaged it that which is not a skilful nor a good wvork or 6: so in performance: (,a'1 % ~ it is incorrectly said to be the third star of it~

[Boos I.

.iail ;.;

See .wl, in art.


the L: in 'the ], for $bq.l is put l;l [which is evidently a mistake]: TA:) or he is in a bad state, and a state of perdition: (TA in art. js :) in : and see j, [See J. or in error. ( art. y; where it is implied that v is here an imitative sequent of J,.]) And ; 1 ~?i j iet:see 'vln. Such a one went away in a dejl,lj; t fective and bad state. (L, TA.) - See also 1, I [q. v.]._Also A round, or j,VI. fem. of hat is beneath the [part called] J5 . circular, burn, made w7ith a hot iron; (]R;) of a turban. (V.) lThe bottom of a well or [around the eye of a camel; (see 2 ;)] so called jY because its place becomes white. (TA.) the like. (g.)- Hence, (TA,) JI ! tlie is intelligent; ( ;) deep in penetration. ;At,: see j.,. under JIt1 (TA.) j.,: see J", in two places. - Also [app. A return of flour for the loan of a hand-mill; like (a subst. from .;sl) signifying some broth which is returned with a borrowed cooking-pot:] . a subst. from ,lmt.l in the phrase -A'L 1:A ;oW1_ [q.v. supr]-. (, V.)

;t [A quarter of a city or town; generally consisting of seeral narrow streets, or lanes, of houes, and hating but one general entrance, with a gate, which is closed at night; or, which is the case in some instances, having a by-street passing through it, with a gate at each end:] a place of abode of a people, whereof the houses are contiguous: (Msb:) any place of abode of a people whereof the houses are near [together]: (]K in art. je .:) a spacious encompassed tract or (A:) pl. t;l.. 3;le:' place; syn. :tW (A, Mr.k)

One who adises, or colour: and hence, counsels, or acts, sincerely, honestly, orfaithfily: (Sh:) or a friend; or trte, or sincere, friend: (TA:) or an assistant: ($, Msb, ]:) or a strenuous assistant: (TA:) or an assistant of and select friend prophets: ( :) or a particular and assistant of a prophet: and hence the pl. is applied to the companions of Motammad also. A (Zj.) - A relation. (V.) _ And i!l_. .U ; ,nhite,or fair, woman; (A;) as also '? of j`implying without &'_., (T, Kg ;) and so t : (A:) the eye: (TA :) pl. of the first ; ,j1lj, or this pl. signifies women of the cities or towans; (K ;) so called by the Arabs of the desert because of their whiteness, or fairness, and cleanness: (TA:) or women clear in complexion and skin; because of their whiteness, or fairness: (TA:) or women inhabitants of regions, districts, or tracts, of cities, tomns, or villages, and of cultivated land: (Ksh and BO in iii. 45:) or [simply] nomcni; because of their whiteness, or fairness. (.)


jm Intensee whiteness of the white of the eye and intenJe blackness of the black thereof, (., Mqb, J,) with intense whiteness, or fairness, of the rest of the person: ( :) or intense whiteness of the white of the eye and intense blackness of the black thereof, fwith roundness of the black, and thinness of the eyelids, and w,chiteness, or fairness, of the parts around them: (v:) or blackness of the whole [of what appears] of the eye, as in the eyes of gazelles (AA, 8, Msb, 1) and of bulls and cows: (AA, $ :) and this is not found in human beings, but is attributed to them by way of comparison: (AA, ., Myb, Ii:) Ay says, I know not what is _JIl in the eye. (S.) Ied skins, - Also [simply] Whiteness. (A.) Nith which [baskets of the kind called] JSk, are covered: (S, K:) [a coll. gen. n.:] n. un. with .lj.:) (1,TA: in the C i: (Q:) pl. lj.: or (so in the TA, but in the ] " and ") a hide dyed red: (1, TA:) or red skin, not [such as are termed] aitij: pl. j;t.l: (AIn :) or skins tanned without lbi: or thin white shins, of which are made: [receptacles of the kind called] bIi or prepared sheep-skins. (TA.) [In the present applied to Sheep-skin day, pronounced )j, o tree: the people of kind certain Icather.] -A to the plane-tree 8yria apply the name of jf (.j;); but it is '_, with two fet-hahs: in the account of simples in the l]Bnoon [of lbn-Seena], it is said to be a certain tree of which the gum is (Mgh:) [by the modern Egyptians called .,-b: -) applied to the white poplar:] (pronounced a certain kind of wood, called f_kJl, (i,) because of its whiteness. (TA.) ~s; JI Te7 third star, 1',] that next the body, of the three in the tail of Ursa Major. (Mir-at ez-Zeman, &o. [In the ],

5.qf_ Wh7ite, applied to flour: (A,*]g:) such is the best and purest of flour: (.K, TA:) and in and see j^. i1$,: see Y.:-: like manner applied to bread: (A:) or whitened, (S, K, &c.,) and sometimes with kesr applied to flour; (S;) and, in this latter sense, ;:,., and see It m;1m/, (R,) but this latter is a bad form, to any food. (., ]~.) [See also ,.: (Yaql~oob,) A young camel wrhen just born: (T, ]:) or until weaned; ($, ]g;) i.e. fiom the >1? jl_ J4 A man in a defective and bad time of its birth until big and weaned; (TA;) state: (., TA:) or perishi*g, or dying. S.) when it is called je;-: (S:) fem. with ;: [See the same phrase in art jp..: see also : (IApr:) pl. (of pauc., Sj) 3j.~.. and (of mult., O) and see t, in art. j; where it is said that 53 [Its flesh is insipid: is here an imitative sequent of jl_..] _ See lje._ and XbL . (S, g' see a verse cited as an ex. of the word also ol_. of scorpion The - [Hence,] j¢.-JI ,i/ jy.l, (.K,) applied to a man, (TA,) Having winter; because it injures the lj., (Ii,TA,) eyes characterized by the quality termed ._ as i. e. the young camel. (TA.) exp)lained above: (K :) and so fi.Lj, [the fem.,] -_ and see also ;f. ;1,.: see : applied to a woman: (S,Myb, K:) pl. J,.. (S, K.) And ; 1- j^,, applied to women, .,, (S, and so in some j._ (S, R) and Having eyes like thiose of gazelles and of cows. (so in other copies (AA, S.) Az says that a woman is not termed copies of the K,) or * ;j, of the g and in the TA,) and tj;1j (, K) and 6.;. of the eyes with unless Combining j. (]., R,TA, in the C.K whiteness, or fairnes, of complexion. (TA.) ';1 . (K) and t


An [originally an See also ~1;., under 5, s ..J and A~-J1!A (TA,) An eye of pure white and black. (A.) a );-. (1) and certain star: (., K:) or (K) Jupiter. (., IC.) answrer; a reply. ($, .) You say, &i ~ Also ! Intellect: (ISk, , 1K :) or pure, or !j> , &c., He did not return to me an answer, clear, intellect; like an eye so termed, of pure or a reply. (S.) [See a verse of Tarafch cited white and black. (A.) So in the saying, voce .] : [lIe does not live by intellect: or j~ ,. t! by pure, or clear, intellert]. (ISk, S, A.) 3~-, or OLW^: see what next precedes. .) and 1' inf. n. of 3] and


5jlp,- A man (TA) white, or fair, (., ],) A 1¥. One who vwhitens clothes, or armnents, the people of the towns or villages. (TA.) of by wasAhing and beating them. (, M, M9 b,l .) Hence its pl. X,11_~. is applied to The com- [See also L.Sl.; of which the fern. is applied paniotns [i. e. apostles and disciples] of Jesus, in like manner to a woman.] because their trade was to do this. ($, M, Mqb.) ; : see ot,., in two places. [Or it is so applied from its bearing some one ; The pin of wood, or, as is sometimes the or another of the following significations.]One who is freed and cleared Jrom every vice, case, of iron, on wshich the sheave of a pulley fault, or defect: [or] one who has been tried, or turns; (S;) the iron [pin] that unites the bent proved, time after time, and found to be free piece of iron which is on each side of the sheaer ] ist ina pulley, and in which it [the . from vices, faults, or defects; from t;. "he re- of wood of a piece and itself: the sheave and serted, thing that is ntre, or turned." (Zj, TA.) -A of a large pulley ) the ~e tnsullied: anything of a pure, or an unsullied, rhich unites ('

Boo xi.] [app. witA what is on each side of fhe latter; for it seems to mean here, also, the pivot]: (l :) some say that it is so called because it turns round, returning to the point from which it departed: others, that it is so called because, by its revolving, it is polished so that it becomes white: (Zj:) pl. JA . (A.) One says, tj-. ,, meaning Z Hit circumstances, (A,) or affair, or cam, (I,) became unsettled: (A, S:) from the state of the pin of the sheave of a pulley when it becomes smooth, and the hole becomes large, so that it wabbles. (A.) - Also A thin,u (IS) of iron (TA) upon which turns the tongue of a buckle at the end of a waist-belt. (1.)- And An iron instrument for cauterizing [app. of a circularform: see 2]. (K.)_And The wooden implement ($, g) of the baker, or ,maker of bread, (a,) with which he exlands the dough, (V,) and prepares it, and makes it round, to put it into the hot ashes in which it is baked: (TA:) so called because of its turning round upon the dough, as being likened to the .~ of the sheave of a pulley, and because of its roundness. (T.)

O-],. -Ji

667 h~-au gained the mastery or his she-aes, and coUected tAhm together; as also 1lin.b. (L in Srt. ;"_) :r._ I 31_i, aor. 1j , (g, A, M9 b,) inf. n. je., (, I,) He drove the camels gently;

present day to the dorsers, or panniers, or oblong chests, which are borne, one on either side, by a camel, and, with a small tent over them, compose a f.-j]: the [ornamented t.q called the] i,:.. [vulgarly pronounced J...] of the pilgrime [which is borne by a camel, but without a rider, and is regarded as the royal banner of the caravan; such as is described and figured in my work on the Modern Egyptians]. (M 9 b.) _ I.q. J. [A line, &c.]. (..)-And i. q. [A side, region, quarter, tract, &c.]. (].)

(M, M,b, Y ;) as also tLj., aor ... ;,

(, M,b,)

inf. n. j ; (Q, TA;) and t1ji.. (TA.) Also HIe drove tAecamelst hemently; (i ;) and so tjl., aor. tLjs', (TA in art. je.,) inf. n. j,.: (IC in art. j. .:) thus bearing two contr. significations:


(g:) [as also

i;,.:_ and

see a;c:

sI. :] you my [also] L.:l, [unless this be a mistranscription for b';,] meaning, Drive thou tlmn uehently. (TA.) Also lie drore the camels to water; (A;) and so bj_; (S,A;) [and jl:] or t, (A,

j.il j,.~ The whiteneas of the froth, or of the scum, of tAe cooking-pot. (S.)- _ .;, m. . [in the copies of the 1V, erroneously, ;j~.,] A bowl whitened by [containintg] camera hump, (~, L, .K,) or itsfat. (A.)

jl.;: ee ;,

in two places. -

Also A place

that returns [like a circle]: or in which a return is made [to the point of commencement]. (g.) -A mother-of-pearl shell; an oyster-shell: ( lAth, Myb, .:) or the like thereof, of bone: (, ]:) pl. ;... and [coll. gen. n.] tj... (L.) - And hence, A thing in which water is col(IAth.) _ [Hence also,] lected; as also *,. An oyster [itself]; expl. by hjJl ,O as. (L in art.t.) - The cavity of tAhe ear; (s;) i. e. the external, deep, and wide, carity, around the ear-hole; or the i. [or concha] of the enr. (TA.) - The part of the shoulder-bladle called itst [q. v.]: (s, K:) or the small round hollow that is in that part of the shoulder-blade in which the head of the humerus turns. (TA.) -The small round cavity of the hip: and the dual signifies the two round heads [?] of the hips, in which the heads of the thighs turn. (TA.) The palate; syn. ;..: and without ;, i. e. )am.., the same, of a man: and, this latter, the place, in a beast, where thefarrier peformts the operation termed ;.~: (TA:) or the former signifies the upper part of the mouth of a horse, internally: (IAp, TA:) or the inner part of the palate: (Abu-l-'Omeythil, TA:) or, [which seems to be the same,] the portion of the upper part of the mouth which is behind the l:4h [or .j!]: and the panage of the breath to the innermot parts of the nose: (TA:) or Jl..J iLg1 signifies the part [of the palate] which is a little above the plae where the farrier performs the operation termed .f4b3. (?.) - The part betven thefrog and the eztremity of the fore part of a solid hoof. (Abu-l-'Omeythil, V.) What is beneath the j,] [q. v., app. here meaning the jtll of the hoof of a horse or the like]. (TA.) And The ... [i. e. toe, or nail, &c.,] of a canmeL (TA.)_-A thing resmbling [the kind of vehicle called] a (s;) pronounced by QC; the vulgar [;j....,] with teshdeed: pl. ;". (TA) [and y .", which is often applied in the

8, 1,) inf. n. &,,3(I,) signifies Ae drove tlsm during the first night to water, (A1, , /,) it being distantfrom the pasture: (A9 , :) because in that night they are driven gently. (TA.) [See also ja., below.] Jljlm.. .. He renoved ;j~ Dough of which tte surface has been the thingfrom its place; put it away; placed it moistened with water, so that it is shining. (TA.) at a distance. (Sh, TA. [See also 2.] _- dj ... ' , in a verse of El'AjjAj, Eyes of a clear white [in the white parts] 2. *jl.: see 1, first sentence ._and ij;.: and intensely blach in the black parts. (f.) _ ,:l msee 1, in three places. A bootlined with shin of the hind calledjs.. (s.) 4 see 1 j_.. A lpossesor of [flour, or bread, such as is termed] L5Ja.. (TA.) 5. j;.3 He, or it, writhed, or twisted, about, (n, TA,) and turned over and over; (TA;) as also jt.3: (.K:) or was retleu,or unquiet, not remaining sstill, upon the ground. (Lth, TA.) You say, 4.JI and aj;.., -,., The serpent writhed, or twisted, about. (Both in the o; 1. ;l_, (.%^A MA b,) aor. e (Msb,) and the latter in the ] in art. je..) And WJ L. inf. n .. and (.%A,Mb, A, ;) as also [aor. e:.j,] inf. n. j.e; (Mb ;) He drew, collected, or gattered, it together; (S, A, M9 b, Wherefore dmt thou writhe about like the writhIg;) and so t jl.I%, (TA,) inf. n. i · !; (I;) ing about of the sent? the latter verb, accord. and t j, inf n . 3: (TA:) he drew, col- to Sb, is of the measure , from ;.J! . lected, or gathered, it together (namely, property (S.) - He rmoved, withdrev, or retired to a or wealth &c., TA) to himself; (S, A, MCb;) as distance, (A 'Obeyd, f, ],) and drew back, (a,) [or &;.r] from him or it; (TA;) as also also *talm.I, (S,) and - &jt., (A, TA,) tA'3; (A'Obeyd, ;) and tilrl. (A.) You and i9 el_, and tJl 'y.A;.t. (TA.) You say, . '4J Take thou to the colUecting of wealth. (A, TA.) aor. o;, *j., (TA,) inf. n. .. , (], TA,) He had, held, or posessd, it; had it, or held it, in his possession; had, took, got, obtained, or acquired, possession, or occupation, of it; (AA, ], TA; [.I.jl, given aes an explanation of the inf. n. in the CI, is a mistake for 11,I ;]) he took, or received, it; he had it, or took it, to, or for, himelf. (AA, TA.) [See ;j.^, below. Hence, It comprehended, comprised, or embraced, it.] -. ;' j1 , inf. n. j*, He took for himelf the land, and marked out its boundaries, and had an excluseive right to it. (TA: but only the inf. n. is there mentioned.) .jl., aor. ., also signifies [He or] it over came, co~uered, or mastered, [a thing,] as in an instance in art. j., voce jij.M.: (Sh,]:) [as also .. ] _Also, (A, TA,) inf. n. j, (,) He compressed a woman: (A,' V, TA:) [as though he mastered her.] ._ ~;1 jtmJI jim The


to him and he did not move for him from his bed, or mattress. (T].) And EI-lCa$amee says, (1, TA,) describing an old woman of whom he sought hospitality, and who eluded him, (TA,) . 0> S · l

She (this old woman) retires and draws back from me for fear of my alighting at her abode as a gust [like as the viper turmu away in fear of a beater]: or, as some relate the verse, j;.. (p.)- He tarried, or loitered: he was slow in rising; as also ,;~,J: he desired to rie, and it was tedious to him to do so; as alsbo tj3.


AA sapys, ;:;., j ,. ,

J, [as though

meaning, He mu slow in rising like as the rising of the rpnt is diow: for he add&,] and it is low in rising when it desire to rise. (?.) 6. lp.UI _ jA 3 The two partie, or divisios,

66o turned awaoy, eachfrom the other, (., 9,) in war appears that, if this saying be the only ground upon which Az has asserted that one of the significations of >j_ is the t. of a woman, [as is 7 1j@ j..Jl The company of men left their also said in the .K,] his assertion requires conappointed station, (., 1, TA,) and place offighting, (TA,) and turned amay to another pllace. sideration; for a woman's ji is her own when (.,*IC, TA.) You sayalso, Zjb.jI He turned she has no husband; and when she is married, awrayfromhim: ($, :) and M j'_Jl he turned it is her husband's property. (L, TA.) You say ,] [and t# j_ ot',J, JL , and to, or towrards, him; and he joined himself to also, 3i;.. It became in his rpoeslion, or occupation. (L, him. (gar pp. 122 and 3'20.) You say of friends, rt,' J* t Suc a one defends, [They turned TA.) And jJ ... ljj;, ,; and ;-'l -.. awayfrom the enemy;] and of enemies, I1t,S!, or guards, from encroachmett, or invasion, or .I jl. (., TA.) Or jlt_l signifies attack, vwhat is in his ".. [or place; meaning, and lie separatedhimself from othl er# that he m,ight in his posession or occupation]. (TA.) In like be nith those who were fighting. (Aboo-ls-bAJ,, manner, a poet says,

[Boom I. tains thereto, (Meb,) of the j;--- (8, Mb, TA) (TA) and 1; (Mqb;) [i.e., of the and t.i convenience thereof, suck as the privy and the hitchen and the like, and other parts or apartments;] such are termed collectively jlljlsl; (Msb;) and each part or apartment (4.t;), by itself, is termed '.. (TA.) - [Hence the may.j.. .il i [I am in his quarter ing,] .ij hence also and protection]. (A, TA.) -[And I I n the manner, and the saying,] .l;JI je. place, of [that kind of transmission which is termed] J31jJ1 [which is "transmission by such a number of persons as cannot be supposed to have agreed to a falsehood :" as explained in the

or battle. (..)

TA.) And .4I

same as *' 1'i.3 [The mtnan turned, removed, nwithdrew, or retired,or he joined himelf, to the company of men]. (Myb.) See 5, in two places. J1 J.S jtl,J [for p, in the TA, I have -c: substituted L, as the former is apparently a mistranseription] lie drew himnelf together, and " aA ' fell to the thing; expl. by ; (TA.) -,I.

Mz, 3rd e ]. (Mgh.)-And -;I.: [And j_ UL By hIm or see . He guarded from mcnroachment his tracts of itself.] pasture-land [wso that they were left deserted]. ~ (Fr, TA.) And it is said in a trad., ;.j, ~ill ~ jl_ l : ace j!;~, in art j,; . - - a.. , a 4,L 1: And he defended, or protected, or w. Jl ; '7 ' ,f, in the ]ur [viii. 16], signiguarded, from encroachment, or invation, or attach, the limits, [meaning, rwhat the limits com- fies Or turning aside to a different company of prised, i.e., thite territoryj,] and the tracts, or the Muslims: (Mgh, Msb :*) or the meaning is, reqions, of El-Idlidn [meaning, of the Mluslims]. or separating themselves from others to betah (TA.) djkl i;. signifies [in like manner] themselves to [a different company of] thos en8. *j.ll: see sjl., in four places, first sentence. &z,b [i.e. The seat of regal power: or the gaged in fighting. (Aboo-I-lui4, TA.) The ori. '~~' J -- a-(TA.) is.j_,a. ginal form of Q. Q. 2. 3e [originally j,]., of the mea- heart, or principalpart, of the hingdon]. (,.) or s;ire ,h,, (Sh,S, TA,) [from ;.., originally - t Nature; or natural disposition, teonper, 2 a1' [.4 potion of the ;,em.^ lIe turned asidle to a "e [or place, &c.]. other quality or property; (1K, TA;) whether earth, or of land, comprehended within certain jj',] good or evil. (TA.) linits]. (M and K in art. ,.) (Mgh.) You say also jl.l j/m3 [The property, ,,a., (~, Algh, Ms,b) of the measure J.e, or the camels or the like,] became dranwn, collected, (S,0 Mgh,) as signifyor gathered, together; or drew, collected, or ga- (Mgh, Msb,) from jJI, collecting, or gathering, ing "the drawing, (Msb.) thered, themeires together; to a j'.. together," (Mgh,) originally j3^_, (TA,) and - See also 5, throughout; and see 7. and ,,m., (TA,) He came around inf. n. . , also contracted into .. , (S, Mb, TA,) like j,. inf. n. of 1 [q. v.].4....j_ o: see is". and C., and >j and CeJ; (S,TA;) [The thc chaxe, or game, to turn it towards the mnare; - A place of which a man takes possession, (, ],) continent, or container, or receptacle, of any- (S, A, 1. ;) as also Va.,;1a and f .. (TA,) and around which a dam (;.L) is made: thing; like a] j, q.v.:] any inf£ n. L:l..1 and ; as also El (TA.) _, . see place in which a thing is: (Mgh:) in scholastic .'1t 4i I aided him to hunt, or catch, the j.: (I, TA:) pl. jl_.d. (TA.) -,1jt, .I4 The first night during wrhich theology, thie imaginaryportion of space occupied s'-1, and ,s, chas, or game; as also %. g, when by a thing having extent, as a body; or by a amelb repair towardJ the nwater (AS, 1) of Th: *I b 1, on tlhe authority ,4, and it is distantfrom the pasture: (A, 8 :) because thing not having extent, as an indivisible atom: in philosophy, the inner surface of a container, (TA:) and ', 1 ,t ... l.e scared the chasue, which is contiguous [in every part] to the outer or guame, towards hiim, and drove and collected it surface of the thing contaiLed: and [henice,] to him; as also t1_I. (TA.)_ 'Q - ,A.I aeJl jeJl [the proper natural ptlace of a 'JI The *volf drove along the sheep or goat. b,l. ]lI collected together, and thing;] that in which the nature of a thing (TA.) -Jtl requires it to be. (KT.) - A quarter, t,act, drove, the camels. (.q, , ) , inf. n. region, or place, considered relutively, or as part also signifies [simply] lie collected it; drew it of a whole; or a part, or portion, of a place; together. (TA.) [See also 2.]__l, J',. J t[Such Os v 'S;i' S AJlJ ,j (A,) inf. n. A., (I,) He eatX fromn the sides a one was prolix, or tedious, to us with this and syn. ae ; (S, Mgh, Msb;) as also 1j: that dicursionbefore coming to the point]. (TA.) (S, MSb, I:) so the authors on practical law of the food so as to consu,ne it: (A, I:) fromn .j is also used as an epithet; though pro- mean by 'j.; such, for instance, as a room, IF. (TA.)_[See also 7.] _~. . [A gentle or an apartment, of a house: (Mgh:) pl. jile.l, perly an inf. n.: you say, j ( Hg,) , 2. ".. , (TA,) inf. n. .sL, *($,Myb, TA,) which is extr., (TA,) being from driving: or a vehement driving]. (TA.) collected several things: or collected mnuch. (,* 4s.. the contracted form [jJ]: (Msb:) by rule it TA.) [See also 1.] $jj~ i.q. je?., as pointed out in two places ,lIjI, pl. should be jl^1, (As, Msb, TA,) like below. (., MSb, &c.)- [Hence,] tA thing that 3. . 1 A,6. He turned aside from the place or by rule [if . [and ]: (As, TA:) of is in one's possession or occupation; a thing that of the rain of the lightning, wrhichever way it is one's property: so in the aying of a certain from the uncontracted form je'] it should be turned. (Ibn-'Abb;id, I.) Hence, (TA,) ,...lj t And I guard from ;.t_, with hems, accord. to Sb; or jgl.., with woman, a.W a LJ-., (A,) in£ n. i:jl;., (TA,) He circumecroachment the property of the absent: mean- , aeoord. to Abu-l-Jjasan. (TA.) JlJa0l , vented him: or he endeavoured to induce him w, hich was the property of her (S, Mb, TA,) as also g1lt tj1 ing her j., (TA,) signifies to turn, or incline, or decline; or endeavoured husband by the marriage-contract: whence it What is antneed to the Aouse, (g, TA,) or apper- to turn him by deceit, or guile: syn. ""ll: (A, they are driven gently that night: but when their faces are turned towards the water and they are Icft to pasture that nighit, the night is called AIL !i. (TA.) One says to a man, when he * holds back respecting an affair, t [Let me alone and cease fiom this and i'i thatdiscursionof thine]. (TA.) And one says also,

J1 j4.

jlmj signifies the

Boox 1.L




669 diposition; or the quality of not miwing with others; in a man. (!.)
:~_. Encompasd, or msurromnsd

TA:') in war, and in litigation or contention blood about the uterus previously to mendtrmaW tion.] [&c.]. (TA.) You say, ,."1j A.s4-.l should not say ;.. One O ,u S1 i.q. [I continued duing the day to c;ri or to endcavour to induce him to £i5 ~, cmnmnt imm, (1, ].) and U ;ii;. but ,t'b, turn, &c., and to deludo Aim, or act towards explained in art. .1--.] these phrases [See him with artiflce, like a fh in the water, until he did what I desired: see also what next k^S A thing resembling [the lind of enclosure, I made of trees or of wood, &c ,for camels or sheep follows]. (A.)-[And hence,] AJ& 1jt.. excited, incited, urged, or instigated, him to do or goats, called] a ;'Ji.: a word of the dial. of it. (Ibn-'Abbad, A,* 8gh, K.) [It is indicated in El-'Irkl. Applied by the people (Sgh, K.) the A that in the ex. immediately preceding this, of Egypt to The court (.W) of a house: (TA:) 4Z;m. may also be rendered agreeably with this [and to any court, or enclosure, surrounded by explanation.] dwellings or the like, or by these and walls, or and A.j.1: see 1, in five by walls alone: pl. of pauc. ,15,Iand of mult. 4. %' ,l,6.lI, places.






(A,TA,) sor. ,,~',

(A,g,) inf n.

(A,TA,) ]le ve_ (~, A, Mgh, 1) and L1*, sewed it, or semed it up or together; (.,0 A, Mgh,' 1], TA;) namely, a garment, or piece of cloth: (A, TA:) or he sewed it with titches far apart: (IB, TA:) or he semed it without a patch; and only said of a skin, or of skin, and of a camel's foot. (TA.) Hence the prov., i 1 i 1 l,Ij [Verily the remedy for the s~.j , rent is that thbou se it up]. (A,I.) [And (8, A) hence the saying,] _ 3.#,.. " . , The people, or company , 5. La ., : and nmjlJ : see the next pararaph, , t I will assuredly mar what they have repaired: of men, reoved, withdrewm, or retired to a dis- in four places. (A:). or I will assuredly make a hole in what they A1 tance, from me. (8, k*`') And ..4 . i Yizld; untamed; undomesticated; un- haw sewed up, and I mill assuredly mar what t.jsi He remanod, &e., from the people, or company 1 Lf s they have repairod (?,IB.) OrJi_ q,Myb.) . ( M. She became civilized; unfamiliar; syn. -- *.. of men. (TA.)-...,j. [so (sgh, :.) -Applied to a man, ? Wild; uncivilized; un- { I will asuredly circm~ nt thee, (i.,t.;.b forlorn of her htuband; syn. . with not mix that does in the (A;) unsociable; but in the TA, familiar; ], and of the copies in He felt, or had a sense of, or uas - ,.9 to a camel, or other CV, erroneously, ,ii,4',]) and I ilauwsredly moved with, shame, or shynecu, or bashfitlneu. others. (S, A.) -Applied epitbet thus applied labour for thy destruction. (AZ,I4.) And it is [or] the (1I:) Wild: [animal], (AA, K.) is tropical; (A, TA ;) and what are thus called, uP DL ,g said in a prov., i;j * 6: see 8. (K,) or Aa.J 4l1 [the camels termed a13$], (Yoo, . and.l r,-,j took .fi'lght, and fled from (8, A, Msb,) are so named from ', I lIe Ilojkt 7. " JI, the ap- :c, (V,) andv.l *~, him; or ans averse friotn hitm; and shrank friom pellation of certain stallions of the camels of the .K,) t He laboured at that whleA he eotuld not do him; (S,' I ;) and t'as .figihtened at him; and jinn, or ge,ii, which covered some of tie she-camels well, and tasked himsef to do that with which he woas moved by him. (TA.) [In the TA it is here of Arabs, (IKt, S, A, Mob, V,) as they assert, (S, had no concern. (ISh, k.) Or . . ,. ", added, that thlis verb is quasi-pass. of _"JI in K,) namely, of the she-camels of Mahrah, (1,) ;: .l -'j i Thou hast spoken of a u ' but this seems to indicate that meaning the Benoo-Mahrah-Ib!--Heydin, (TA,) thing writh rhich thou hast no cocern. (A.) the sense of Jll; .o.JI a copyist has written jiJl by mistake for .Ul, and the offspring were the camels called 4 ,1 j i j.. WI. You say also, .,whlich is u syll. of the inf. n. of 1 in a sense ex- {,..jl, (Mob, TA,) which scarcely ever become . t Before I penetrate into the case of o.,r.. above: so thalt .Wt,il signifies lHe tired; and the like of this is said by AHeyth: the people, and test them, I am ambitious of plained 1 becamne scared, or the liike.] Ihr mentions this (TA:) it is also said that tu, J1, (S, .K,) from smiting them. (A.) And .. U °. verb in art. .e_; but it belongs to the present which the epithet above mentioned, thus applied, t Thou hast not attained the object of thy desire t- ;j j is a rel. n., (TA,) is the country of the jinn, art. (IAth.) You say, o-4.j,i [with respect to him or it: or perhaps the right He chid him (menninig a wolf or other animal) (., ~,) beyond the sands of Yebreen, which no reading is i.;.*., in which ee the addition but he did not talke fright and flee, &c., at his man inhabits: (S :) or an appellation of certain which I have made should be omitted]. (IB, u , sons nf the jinn, whose country is called : . v chiding. (TA.) And *, . ! . quoted in the L and TA.) ,.i , (TA,) Such a ,._l by Ru-beh: (TA:) or it is like A_l.l: (1, A,') and :;J, and C; , (A,) aor. a above, and inf. n. (.,)or )ai one is not moved by, and does not care for, or (Msb:) or ac . ~I means camels of tie jinn: of both the forms mentioned above, (g,) [He regard, anything, (8, A, TA,) and tsch a one. or wild camels; (TA;) as also t,^.: (S:) seeled the falcon, or hawk; elosd its eye by Il The camels became col- or camntels not completely broken or trained, because running a thread through their lid..] ,l ,..J (TA.) lected together. (Igar p. 190.) of their unyielding spirit. (TA.)_Hence, (A,) .;tl He closed a rent in his sAin for mter ) or milk by inserting into it two pice~ of 8(. , (A,) or Al2t _ J . · ;.il , ($, Myb, g,) and, more !I jI ',.JI 8. commonly, gJ,p, (1W#b,) The people, or company J A man acute, or sharp, in intellect. (?,* A, K,* stich or wood; not having a ,.. with which to Strange, sew it. (TA.) :-* say also, ",jo.also signifies The making of men, encompassed, or surrounded, the chase, TA.*) -You or game: (M.b :) or scared it, one, or one party, uncouth, unusual, extraordinaryj, or unfamiliar, a coarctation between two things; (?, ;) and ,.m t(e co You say ' (.) .-. to another: (S, I :) the j remaining here un- speech; jsuch as is difficult to be understood; so two me ning then; between space the tracted (, A ;) [opposed l (Msb, K, TA;) i. q. -; 1. (f.) And changed as it does in l ! aor. Mb,) (A, :.. things]. (TV.).m ' %i' (A, TA) They encompasosd, or surrounded, to .. iJ a and in like manner, a:] such a one: (A:) or they matd such a one to be word, or phrase, that is strange, uncouth, un- ..W_, inf n. ., , (Mtb,) His *ye w, or in the midst of them; (TA;) us also l,~d. became, narrow, or contracted, in its outer gle. and (A, Mqb.) [But see , - a'*, and 44, usual, &c.; as also ., below.] And 0 in (M and lsal, 1($,,) [and 4Jl' ,;., 13th . (Mz, . to '2.c' all opposed ; L,; 1 (., :,) aor. ,..p , (TA,) mid of a mn, (P,) .p,m.3. ()I, , j, at J,-,)] and
.m. A night that is dark He had, i his eye, or eye, what is tm~ ,w _ , -n.).And .l I j, (TA.)...Hence the phrase j. lIl TA.) (A, and terribl. [See also V.) (A,]) (Q, below]. [as explained t [Th blood invaded from every quarter the sate of pureness]; u though the blood encomand the like; the q~ty of I ; a.*j ['ildness; pred the purenes, and enclosed it on either look# at sch a ow r.U ; j; 1 ,H of u-_:] unscables is termed which that side. (MXb.) [Alluding to the collecting of the




[BooK I. [ copies.) _ J""Il ,,, [T7h pool of the Ap e, meaning Mohammad;] that of which the Apo~s . poople ill give to drink on the day of r~e rection: [or] i. q. 2;l, q. v. (TA.) AZ mentions the saying Js,Jl ai jilL (A,* TA) land ,..4. Cp (TA) [May God give tmhe to drink from the pool of the Apostle]. _,. jtlaJI is an expresion of revilement, signifying t:j.l .i$' [lit. Deprrsed in the breast, or bosom; app. meaning narrow-minded; or illiberal; or niggardly]. (9gh, 15.) -_ ~ .,JI i. q. -;a [app. meaning The place where death is met; where thes raught therof is drunk]: so termed by way of simile: pl. as above. (TA.)_, l.iJl 4joi^ l and tw. i[The resreoir of the clouds, and the reservoirs thereof, poured for'th upon them]. (A, TA.)

from the outer angle of his eye, concealing [his Mgh, Myb, 1 :) or having a narrowness, or condoing] tIwt. ($.) [See also 6: and see j.t..] traction, in his eyes: (Az, TA:) femrn. : (9, Msb:) pl., when it is used as an epithet, B· i'l j! , -W i-g. iv- ,q [app. Us..~.; but when it is used as a [proper] name, He blinked at the' sun; or looked at it contract, for S.a..j, is ing his eyelids]. (A in art. C.ij.) [See also 3: .~Tjl.i: (Msb:) and used as syn. with ,~, meaning kaving small and see _l . j.] ey/es. (TAar.) The fern. is also applied to the eye 8. C;~.ll Her (a camel's) vulva waJ, or itself, (A, TA,) signifying, Nar,,ro in its slit, became, impervious to the virga, or nervus, of the 7waether it be sunken or prominent. (TA.,2 stallion: you should not eay Jo.~.. (TA.) For anotller application of the fern., sce ve And J lI 1 o Icr . (a camel's) E.m.,l . j..o .. ,A narrow #ell. (A, TA.) vulva was rende·red impervious to the virga, or nervus, of the stallion, by her having a ring tied sec in two p,l;ces. over it, i.e., over her vulva. (L, g,* TA.*)-;;t lie was prudent, andl gnardded himself. u~ (ggh, ~.) L .WI (A,K,) aor. .o_, inf n. ,0b j. slyn. with .m.: see 1. (TA,) lIe collected the mater: (A, 1k:) anud, as u.j^ N'arrowness, or contraction, of th outer also t-.4, inf. n. ,iu.^a_, he guarded it, or angle of the eye, (9, Mob, and so in some copies took care ef it: (TA:) and t tle latter, he mnade of the t],) or eyes, (as in some copies of the I [q. v.], or place in which to collect. and in the TA,) as though they were sewed up; for it a ,.b (S, TA,) or L,.- . (TA;) or one of them: (V,:) or narrowness, or (TA.) -_Also ,,., contraction, of one of the eyeJ, (Lth, 9, Mgli, (A, 1~, [unless by this be meant tat lmt. is the TA,) exclusively of the other: (Lth, Mgh, TA:) inf. n.,]) aor. as above, (S, TA,) and so the inf. n., or, as Az says, accord. to all of them, narrowness, ($,) He made a .. ; (S, A, g;) as also or contraction, in both of the eyes: (Mgh, TA:) ,.a.., inf. n. as above; (TA;) and t,,.al, or in the slit of the eye. (TA.) - See also inf. n l;. (Th, TA.) Yousay, * [He made a


t uej




filled the concha (ai~) of his ear with the abundlance of his speech. (A, TA.)
,A·. A thing lit/a s.b, nuate to a palmtree, ttat it may imbibe thierefrotm; (, ];) a thing that is made aroutnd a tree, in tIheforrm of the ,£,, q. v. (M, TA.) See also ,s..

syn. with


and _,_: see 1. Ahid4 one (A.)

~?lj._ jb

.;._fi)r his camelis]: and also [T£hey made fl. o J; j.J. l ;UI

L &

;t., aor.


see 4, in three ples.

,.l~ A wooden implement with sew. (Fr, $gh, I:.)

2: se 1, in four places. _

a1sam., originally LIc., ([, &c.,) A strip, or jl: thong, of leather, in the girth: or a long strip, care, that thing, or offi,ir; expl. by ,. or thong, of leather: (TA:) or a strip, or thong, (S, A, O, L, K :*) like 1_: mentioned by of leather, with which the girth of a hore'st Yaeoob: from ,,o., explained below: (S :) saddle is tied: (1:) 'or the girth of a beast. in the KI, [l.1* is put in the place of lJl, and] (T, TA.) This is the primary signification: and (TA.) You say sometimes it is used to signify.-Anything with 41 is erroneously put for J... also, &W J3 A C$ ?Such a man has which a man binds his waist: [particularly, in within his power and care such afemale, (j.N modemrn usage,ra kind of girdle, zone, or waistbelt, wrhich is fastered round the waist with a ye..,) and toys, dailies, wantons, or holds amorous buckle or clasp; sorn byj men and by women; converse, with her. (A, TA.) and when worn by wealthy women, generaUy 5: see 1. adorned with jewls c.c., and having two plates 8: see 1. of tiler or gold, also ge~ ally jewlled, which clatp together: in earlier post-classical times, it 10. - l It (water) collected, or became is described as being of silver, and of gold: (see collected: (S :)or made for itself a ... (0, Dozy's "Diet. des Noms des VAtements chez les L, .) Arabes," pp. 145.7:) pl. J 1.'l. :] of the dial. e. ,m [A watering-trough or tank, for beasts of Syria. (TA.) _ [See also another application ,5.c., generally constructed of stones cemented and of titis word voce ,,.] plastered with mud, and made by the mouth of a ;';., applied to a she-camel, Whose vulva is well; and any similar receptaclefor water;] a place in which water collects, or ix collected: impervious to the virga, or nerus, of the stallion; (Mgb, TA:) accord. to some, from ;Owl ,.l.; (, TA;) like fW, applied to a woman; (Fr, (K, TA;) [see art. p.e;] because the watcr ,;) as also Li . and tL,., : (TA:) flows to it; for, says Az, the Arabs put j in the and t ~SUk ., applied to the same, t having a place of j, and U. in that of : (TA:) accord. narrow, or contracted, vulva: (1Apr, TA:) and to others, from ;ll ., explained above: (, t ;fii, applied to the same, also signifies having her vulva rendered impervios to tih TA:) and t,..,e . signifies the same: (TA:) virga, or ncvus, of the stallion, by its havi:ig a pl [of pauc.] of the former, wito.l and [ofmnlt.] rming tied omer it. (L, g,*TA.*) ~,e~., (~, M#b, g,) originally ,l.., (Mgb;)

($, Msb, :,) aor. as above, (~, M,b,) (, M,b, 1) and 34_ and LU., 'I : have within mfy compass, or power, and (9, V, TA, [the second and third, in the C¢,
erroneously, withl fct-l to the C, the former of them being expressly said in tihe and TA, and the latter also in the TA, to be with kesr, and both being shown in the g to be originally with ., i.e. l , and a,]) nd £t_ is used in 3 poetry for the last of these; (TA;) and tbI.,

-s.', inf n. n.

(V,) inllf. n. n


; (TA;) and ' ;_J;


TA; [omitted in the C] ;]) lie guarded, kept, kept safely, protected, or took care of, Aim, or it; (9, Myb, ], TA;) Ae defended hi,m, or it; (TA;) he paid frequent attention to him, or it; (V, TA;) he minded, or mu regardfel of, the things that werefor his, or its, good. (TA.) You say, #11 A1.. )j ' y Mayest thou not ceao to he in the protection of God. (TA.) And s;S




There is with suck a one compasion andt

affectionfor the: you should not say 4,1i. (S.) And [I guard, or defend, or take care of, my honour, or reputation]. (TA.) And ;j.. 'V J 5 .J ie takes care of, orpays frequent attention to, hisj brother; and undertakes, or superintentds, or manages, his affairs. (TA.) And .,.; . ,>t. and ,LkI He fought in their defence. (TA.) [But this is generally meant ironically.] When an afliction befalls tliee, and thy brother does not guard thee, or defend thee, and does not aid thee, one says [to thee], .iJl ,/tJ. [so in the TA, app. a mistranseription for t"_;l or t=il, with which, (TA; and in a copy of the $ in the however, it is nearly syn.,] which is used ironi.,-.l A man having in his eye, or eyes, what and o.. iJ termed 'j~. [as exphlained above]: (9, A, place of .o-t., which is the form given in other cally; i. e. He guarded thee, or defended th, in 1

BooK I.] a distant quarter; meaning, 'he did tnot guard say, .-4e ..;1 bip.1, inf. n. lIm_.; and I_LL4 . surrounded, encompansed, envithee, or defend thee; for he who guards, or de- &0; The ~peopl fends, his brother, draws near to him, and supports roned, encirced, or beset, the sides of the town. (S, TA,) and 't_.1., him, or aidbs him. (A, TA.) [See also 1 in art. (M9 b.) And Oj4 J1 LaI, or (s,) . .Lt ;;l Z also, say ".] You (TA,) and q t-,:.J*1, , (v,) The -t,L., in TA the in correct be to saia are (TI,) [both horse, or horsemen, surrounded, encompassed, art. .Ja, on the authority of lbn-Wellad,] in environed, eneircled, or bect, uch a one. (S, some of the copies of the V with j and ,o, and TA.) [And 44 .C e lpbtm.l, meaning They in some with J and we, the lattcr unpointed, and surrounded him on all his sides; lit. on his two so in [a copy of] the A, (TA,) IT/iCy rettred to sides: see is said in the ]Lur ]- .. _It a distanceftomn us, they being around us, and 7re t Vtrily thy Lord .2 I!j; not being dixtant from them, head thelC desred to [xvii. 62], v.,4 tot (Bd, TA:) or power: or grasp, his in men com to ts. (K, TA.) And LaUJ ijlJo `lRetire hath (B1.) ]ureysh. meaning them; thou to a distance from nc; (Ibn-Wclllad, and thath destroyed X( in art. yai;) as also,;Cjl. (Ibn-Wellhd,and You say also, 0ij J_-l, meaning tSuch a one was detroyed. or t his destrtuction drew near. a1j lI TA in that art.) And saying in the Kur [xviii. 40], GJI,, in cach case with the short 1, meaning (TA.) And hence the tAnd itsfruit became rmitten by that 1 t ie-1 I wcili auredly eare titee, aned nut go near thee; led it: (TA:) or this ad oand destroyed [and I will assuredly go against thee tofig¢ht tAee which wilt the staff.] (Ks, TA in art. jal) £ .. poxesuions became dletroyed: from .U1l d oIa.I means Talke thou care of the tie of kindlred, and [the enenmy surrounded him]. (Bd.) [Hence preserve it. (IAyr, 5.0) It also signifies Deck also, in the same, ii.75,] Z'; tAnd . d-.l4 j the girl]) over nihom his sin hath gained the mastery, afth4ou the boys (4d .It [in the C1; 11 [for preservotionfro thte evil 'eJ]. fecting all the circumstanees of his ease, so that with tthe L-,jUj_-Dectkye your boy he hath become as though he were entirely encom(IAp,l .) And ,Q paxsed ttereby: (Bd :) or twho hath died in the lct _JI mith the L_.. (AA.) belief of a plurality of Gods. (TA.) You also Mmb, g,) nor. ns above, (S, MCP,) inf. n.., todlrew or say, yj. 1 d4lJot l1 The thing beset him on ever (Msb,) The [wild] he-au collecteI, gether, ($,* Myb, s,0) and guardIed, or took care side, so thait e had no place of escape from it. of, (TA,) his i. [app. meaning his herd of wild (TA.) And &X b1Jl~1 tHe took it entirely to asses: or the plrase may mean the hc-ass drew hidnself, debarring others from it: [see also 2.] towardsI himself, or comnpresedI, and guatlded, his (TA in art 4 b,., - b., (1K,) or )- .. she-a.s: Frtytag here renders Zl&by " pubem;T (S, Msb, TA,) and ;41 ,W1.I, ($, TA,): [He and Golius, by "veretrum"]. (S, Mb, J.) ie surroundedit H inf. n. J4a.., . tu Make thJi to as so earth, as thing sich by some 10_, inf. n. 1 And encomnpau it. (M9 b.) as above, He built a 1a.. [or wall] around his r' Ut 1 JAJ vine. (S.) Hence, 2.


ing in like manner tHe took the course pre scribed by prudenee, &c., in affairs, or in the (TA.) ]. , affairs: as is shown below: see
10: se 8. 10 A iAtisted string of two cotours, back and A. red, red, (IApr',,) called ,MJ~ (IAr,) upon which a are beadt and a cresaen of iler, which a wman are binds upon her waist, [and which is bound upon a boy, (see 1,)] in order that the evil eye may not smite her [or him]: (ITAr,] :) and also the mite cro~ cresent aboe mentioned; as well as the string with it. (TA.) [See also I3 .]


L;i;;i;: see 8.
li4l- : see what next follows.

`An enlosure (S m.)madefor wheat: bL b _ XC:) or it signifies a thing which one soon ]:) (X, quits, or relinquidhes, orfrom which one soon abas occurring stains; and so tl, stains; 0 [.ccord. to (L.) one one relation] in a verse cited voce ,J. L:,[o,igindlycither _s,]like .. , [originally either Jor [, L A man who guards, protectsu, or defe , (..,) hisfamily his family and his brethren. (TA.)
[L19_ A monopolizer: so in the present day.]

1JC. 1J. A wall. (Mqb,' 1, TA:) or a aUl of enclsure: (Msb,* TA:) or one that surrounds enclosure: a garden: (Mgh :) [often applied to a fence of wood, or sticks, or of reeds, or canes :] so called because it surrounds what is within it; (TA;) and ' ;, though but it is a subst., like ; SI hare within my compass, or polrer, and care, (IJ,TA:) surrounding: of meaning the implyiner implying - q. v.;] syn. tJat thing, or affair; [like or is an act. part. n., from £1.: (Myb :) pl. it l^, in the ~ I ;. (S, TA.) [Hence also, .L& IX have knorn in all its ILL*t, t ILLt., ($, Msb, k,) in which the is changed present day, is used to signify tiHe monopolized ci,rcumstanees, or modes, that which thou hast not into ~j because of the kesreh before it, ($,) but m, (1V,) inf. n. as so known. (TA.) And you say also, .. l °j, it. See also 4.] - tL 14 3~~~~~ (Sb, .;) and Lt. by rule it should be X l.j; above, (TA,) lIe made a Jlt. [meaning either 1 .1! t He kne it in aU its circumstances, or (Mgh,) A garden, hence, And -].) (lAr, (IAe,r, a walled garden or a wall; app. a waU of enclo- modse; nothing of them escaping him. (TA.) or a gardm of palm. general: in V,) Myb, (Mgh, sure]; (s, TA;) as also tVh . (IDrd, TA.) - 6ee also 2. trees, surrounded by a n.all: (TA:) pl. 3l..' - See also 1. 5: see 1, in two places (Mqb, (Myb, TA.) aife endeavoured to induceAuch 3. bo t S.Je 8. btal: see 4._ Also tHe took the course 30i1l a one to turn, or incline; or endeavoured to turn precwribed by prudence, precaution, or good judg- . 11"19 JF1 t Do thou that wlich is most colapmhondve in relation to the principles of the in a matter that ment; he used necuaution; he took the sure compehensive hin. by deceit, or guile; (beld,;) "* him: refused he ordinance* [aplying to the case], (~ 1 A L he desired of hin, and which for himself; (S, ordinances .i.;I course; (,' ],* TA;) ' r (n:) as though each of them were gularding, or TA;) [and .r, ; , agai'ntthe thing :] he sought .At J, ) and furtht from the sophistiACl 'l ,) the other. (K: and so in the most succerful meaus, and took the surest ctions taking care of, not according to the interpretation of cation the A, in illustration of what next follows.) ) method; ;Ji for [the accomplishment, or at- obv~u ob~ meanings. (Msb.) And I4; 1& th7is indre to thou :.Endeavour (.u, om g ~U tainment, of] the thing. (Mlb.) The subst. [de- is more, or most, conduciw to put [o3e] in a him to turn, or incline; or endeaourthou to tran noting the abstract signification of the inf. n., poition ~ion of Jb '~I [or taking the course pre~ribd hin by deceit, orguile; [for he will relent to thee,] ] 1,] is ,.h.., (M,b,) i. e. *t.;. and *?n_., by prudence, precaution, or goodjudgmewnt; &c.: (TA,) ;1. (A, TA.) il.., syn. originally is latter (1,;TA,) which see 8]. (Mgh.) The word 1). is from the phrue Z10. JL.JI !,.; not from Lt.l; phrase , % f,~-. and ;e signify the ame [i. e. [and is also an inf. n. of 1,] ase 4. a o, and eIs.. art. to belong to LjYbecause the )ail of exes is not formed from a It, or h, srruded, enompassd, enar ed, TA.) Some hold verb of five letters: (Mb :) or it is anomalous, [mean- verb Vl S I tsL.;.I anclod, or hemmed in, it, or hiin]. (TA.) You (Myb.) You say also

comprchended it, or knew it altogether, in all its modes or circumstances;] he knew it extrinsically and intrinsically; (Mb ;) or he attained the utmost particularthereof, and had a compreheni~ve and complete knowledge thereof: or he attained everything [relating to it], and the utmost knowledge thereof. (V, accord. to different copies. [In is put, erroneously, for .i. thle Ci, 4t.. It is said in the JIur [xxvii. 22], l.. s CI.])

or managers, of an affair. (1, TA.) [See a verse cited voce ,,p.]

rill iJSThe undertakers, supe rill^



[BooK r. like °;~ from ;t~"*J. (Mgh.) [It may be 2. 4,, (],) inf. n. j,, (TA,) He put (Mqb;) and so Vt .: (TA:) , signifyrendered More, or most, prudent: or more, or him, or it, on the It.., (, ,TA,) i. e., the aide. ing the two side of a valley (1, M ]) &c.; 9 b, most, oure.] (TA.)_ - It (the [rain called] surrounded s..) (]g ;) i. e., of any other thing: (TA :) pl. .,ii. S and S l &c.: see what next follows. it; namely, a place; (s;) as though it took its (Mob, ) and A,, which is irregular, and A., M1~.. [tor sides]. (TA.)-_.,l. '.., which is regular, and j13l;j which is extr., like L_3 and 1 L,. (ISk, T, 1) and L., and ,, 1tJ~; , occurring in a trad., means [A .l^,, and changed by transposition to J1s. , .. 3; and ti*J. (T?, ) and Vt,l l, and pestilence war made to overcome them] turning (TA in art. J.w) and [coll. gen. n.] ? Ji. !'J l (L, ) and I ' and (men. the hearts [of those witnessing its effects] from (lam p. 150.) It is said in a trad., C. tioned, with the third and fourth, in Freytag's confiden, and inclining them to remooal and A. l ; [Keep ye (O women) to thl sides Arab. Prov., ii. 803, as on the authority of Fr,)] flight therefron; (I(,0 TA ;) from iit signify- Ji1 nf the ing road]. the "side" (TA.)_Also, of a place: (TA:) of the ,j.li [or but some : The year of dearth, scorcity, or straitnesa, that bulls or cows that tread wheat or other grain] destroys the beasts, (Fr, ,* TA,) or men: (A, relate it otherwise, saying ? j,, like j34: TA:?) L. [or wheat &e. collected .ja; and thus A'Obeyd (g,TA) in the ,. being from & S. iui the sense of (I :) and some say togetlher in the place where it is trodden out], Sl_l; or it is used as a term of good omen; affirms it to be. (TA. [See 2 in art. LJ^.]) (TA,) Such as is, or are, at the extremiay, eaccord. to the A. (TA.) You say, y. I.i. 5. J_~ He took its aia. [or side]: and he ceeding the others in going round. (K, TA.) m 4J., &c., [the last word being a noun im- took from its ail.: as also J8.L3: (TA:) or Want: (.K :) and iardnenu, or difficulty, of life; perfectly decl., : Theyfell into the affliction of a he took by little and little friom it, namely, a (g, TA ;) as also VJ.. (TA.) year ofdearth, &c.] (ISk, TA.) thing, (., ],) or from its .Ult. [or sides]; (8 . Do. Bordered with herbage. (TA in art. lraj " A thing that is hung upon a boy to in art. As.;) as also [ ;i3 and] 'hm3. (S 3 .~.) repel the evil eye: of the dial. of El-Yemen. and 1 in that art.) Abd-Allah 1bn-'Ajlan EnNahdee says, (TA,) or some other poet, (L in (TA.) [See also /...] art. J3..,) 1.. A place behind the camels or other beasts 1. ,E, nor. , (S,) inf. n. j, (S,K,) and the people [to whom they belong], tur-oundHe swept a houise, or chamber (S.) _ He rubbed and sinoothened (g, TA) a thing. (TA.) ing and protecting them: (l :) some say that * ~ JJ..*1 1 .. . -He sharpened a spear-head. (Ham p. 177.) ;.. ",jI signifies land surrounded by a rall: [Her saddle abradledfrom a long and high, comn~ '31.., (TK,) [nor. as above,] inf n. , if not o surrounded, it is termed '~a. (TA.) pact hump; like as tht piece of shin used fur (g,' [likse , O1., aor. , inf. n. It i] 4; b, * S tSuch a one is slai; is de- smoothing arrows has abradedfr(om the rod of surrounded, encompawsed, encircled, or beset, him, the tree called a1.]. (TA.) [See also 5 in art. atroyed. (TA.) or it. ( K,T .) J_i., where another reading of this verse is L [act. part. n. of 4; Surrounding, en- given.] o^': see j., in two places. - Also i. q. compa~ing, or enclosing: &c.]-_It is said in W_ZJ. [npp. as meaning A soft, or weak, peni, J ,_: see a.it_.. -A certain vein, of a gren the lur [lxxxv. 20], WIS. tAnd colour, or of a darkh, or an asly, dust-colour, u,h an that of an old man]. (TA.) God, behind thlem, includeth them altogether ,p. The [corona or] surroundingedges of the (j * l,) beneath the tongue: (0,Msb :) there writhin his powrer; not one shall escape Him. glant qf the penis; (S, K ;) us also V.3o., (Ibnare two veins of this description, called the 'Aa.: (TA.) And again, [xi. 85,] J ,,)lJ 'Abbid, K,) which is a rare dial. var., (TA,) ( :) accord. to some, the j is with teshdeed. t TIu punixAment of a day which Mall beot on (TA.) and t ', : (Ibn-'Abb6d, TA:) or V.;_, (1, every side o that thAre shall be no place of escape TA,) with fet-h, (TA,) [in the CgK -JJ,] sigJfrom it: (TA:) or of a deatructive day; mean.,..: see i.., first and last significations. nifies a roundness in the penis. (Th, .) ing the day of resurrection or the punishwment Ablso A shin that is slit [in sevtral place., [of a day] of extermination: the epithet, which into a number of thongs or strips,] of a form 0^_: see what next precedes. is that of the punishment, being applied to the like that of the J.j'! [or ivaist-nirapper], worn a7lp. Sweepings. (S, .) -_ And i q. .AJ day because it includes it. (Bd.) And agmin, [round the hips] by one who is in men.atruis, and [(written in the TA with ,., which is evidently (ii. 18,] titb l L,_ 1,1 explained by MujA- by boyj; (S,g;) i.e. a J -j: (s:) pl. Ja.;t: a mistake, a result of an oversight,) What is bad bid as signifying t And God will collect together (TA:) accord. to lA;r, a skin that is slit into of anything ; or nwhat is collected hence and the unbeliever on the day of resurrection. (TA.) thongt or strips: or, as he says on one occasion, thence; or amall partiles, or fragments, of anyL,.. j.b ine having a alaU built around a j, i. e., (TA,) a LL of skin or leather, slit thing; or small rubbisd, or broken particles of into strips of the width of four fingers each, things, on the mrface of the groundl]. (KH, TA.) it. (.) (IAr,], TA,) or a span, (IApr, TA,) vorn by _~1.I A penis (TA) hacing a la,rg, glans; as .,! ~ and a, L~ [Ho it a young gir.l before she has attained to puberty, also t, (], TA.) And:* i L. () taking the courn precribed by prudence, pre- (IAr, K, TA,) and rorn by her in mernstruis; caution, or good judgment; or uing precaution; of the dial. of EI-Hijaz; in the dial. of Nejd and li~. 3,. (TA) A large (, TA) and or taking the nure courte; or seeking the most called l4;: (IA~r, TA:) or rcd skhin or leather, ptrominent (TA) glans ,f a penis. (lI, TA.) nwc~fsd mtua, and taking the surest method; cut in the form of thongs or strips, upon which '3,j [Swept. -And hence, t Shaven.] It in hi affair: see 1]. (TA.) are put [ornaments of the hind termed] j,>J; is said in a tmaad.,. a ajj - , C t They rorn by a girl orer her garmtnents: (]g:) [see prostrate them.elves having the middle ,..: asee what next precedes. of their also a. d] to IAth, i q. acord. "; i e heads shavetn: the removal of the hair from that a garment without leeves. (TA.) A thing, part being likened to sweeping. (TA.) [Hence (J~,) i.e. a kind of vehicle in which a 7woman also] U,.. ,bj t Land having little, (J,) or ride upon a camel, (TA,) raeembling, but not the very little, (TA,) herbage; by reason of paucity amrne as, the ri: (Y:) of the dial. of the of rain; (., TA;) as though it were swept. 1. &k., [aor. J.-,] inf n. J.., He, or it, people of El-Howf [in 'Omin], and of the people (TA.).-,.lubbedandatoothened; as also ? .. wsa in, or on, the [or side] of it; i.e, ol of Esh-Shi4r. (. (TA.) (], TA) and t . (TA.) a thing. (TA.) - He uisited him. (TA.)_ See also L A_. A side of anything; originally .,.; see :see . I ,

13- - j3_




and seaed himself firmly, utpon the back of his beas; as also Yjad.: (Y,TA:) and i 1Ai Jim, TA,) he sawted hP1jI (TA,) inf. a. Lip.,0( himself firmly upon the Aorse. (V, TA.)-. *** & 0 1, ~,W599 A UAe A9vJ JIm., Tkir morning-draught and their eveing-draught became one, in maid of people sulTering from drought, and scarcty of milk. (TA.)JW.., (Mgh, Mqb, V,) aor, as above, inf. n. Jp,(Mqb,) said of a year (,.Pm.), (Mgh, VCJ It passd: (Mqb:) or it revolved antd passed: (Mgh:) or it became completer. ( ; You may, J;.jt ZU. Ji-., (MI,) inf. n. and Jjj_t.., (VJ)The year pasd oveir him, or it; [or he, or it, became a year old;] ($, 1 ;) as also *JIm.t. (?.) And Ji., alone, (Myb, TA,) T/se year~pse and ?JI..I and tj.,(Mqb,) over it. (Myb, TA.) And Jim.I ($, V) and tj t(,TA) and *JUm.I (IC) A year passed 1 over it; [or it becamne a year old;] (?, V, TA;) said of wheat, or food, and of other things: (I TA:) and so cJIm. and l.JmIand or jW *Zband said of a ltj [or house]: t.J..1andt~.jI. an ,t1t Js.yaspse

It (a thing) became A broom; a thting wit/h which one Er.Rhghib) [and alterd,transmuted, or changed, (?, Mgb, Myb, Er-Rhghib, TA,) from its stat, or condition, (?, i":see 3j^1. Mgb,) or from itsr ratural slate or conditici, and J1m,..; (Mqb;) i.q. its constitution; mas lso V 03 :see J~ t,j;..3; (1~) which [here] signifies [as above; or] it became altered, transmuted, or chianged, whether esseniall or substantially, or in respect of predicament [or state or condition], or by say3iU.. &c.: swe art. jj-. ing; (Er.IRcgliib, TA;) and * jt.l signifies the

same: (V~:) or this last is said of a man, meaning 1.~~~o.



I4..,( S,) M9b, K) and 1)e.(l.) and [which last see also below,] He move ti/se piece of 1ot/a. (g, 1g.) [See alsio art. .tAkm.]-K...ence, t:He wov ObJl.wl., aor, as above, inf. n. )1JIt poetry. (Mbr, TA.) - And ,, jJj.d [The rain frets the surface of t/se inf. n. ..I.. ground; makes rippling lines upon it.] (TA.) .i%m. j 1:)inf. n. Jj.,or, accord. to Az, the aor. of the verb in this case is .A5.. , (TA,) [and the iuf. n. is .1iu,., (see art. Aij1 0 .)] t Thte thing became fixd in my mind. (1i.) [See also jIl.. 6. , t),3 (Az in art. 4L~ andr t 1 (AV, a.,(Au, I 5k, ]p in ar. zA-,) i. q. ev drew. his iSk, lg in art. &.., and TA,) i. o.lIe~ legqs against hsis bellj, with t/s# garmtent, or piece of icloth, conflhinpg them therewith, together mit/h his back, and biukdhag it, or mnaking it tight, utpon 1/iwin, xo as to irsvehin *fromn falling, [wehen he sat,] like a Yvall. (1Ath, TA in art. .. ) [See 1 in art. 4.a.]

inf. n. of 1 [q.


(g, Myb,


' ;,1a t This is like this ins [Hence,) I .1 3 ... age, and in aspect, appearance, or person. (A, t, tM'en I,J TA.) And j.;)i who do not resemble K~ureysh. (A, TA.)

.AIa. as used in the saying ~.Ia.~& meaning t Thies are chtildren that ai'e lean., or
emaciated, or slender in the bonex, and smnall in, the body, has no sing. form. (0, TA.) see A5;.The art of nea rinq. (Ltli, Myb.0) to See also 1, of which it is said in the g and 1LC Mean inf. n.] .iASI.. A ,veaver: [femn. with :](,:)pl. nasa L&Q. and i 4 t.., (~, Mglh, Meb, Ki,) the ormer regular, (TA,) and the latter anomalous, ~, TA,) like Lj;&. [pi. of j,5%i.J; (g in art. ,jj;) and pl. femn. .lI~- ~ £b...A place of weaving. (M g.)


[he shifted, or turned, 4~', tj.3 fr.om one thting to another]: (TA:) and hence, (TA,) he became a Muslim: (1Aqr, k5, TA:) for J in this case one says of a man, Ist 4 .. e.~l~,ii ;I [he utuned fi.om that which he was tworshippling to El-lI en (IAVr, TA.)[Hence, also,] jI.., inf. n. jt~ and IL^.. i. q. jt:..1, q. v. (R.am p. 652.)-...And ~jl.. and t JIm..I It (anything) shifted, or ~m,oved, or went, or became shi.fted or transfere; syn. J_:or it moved; syn. 1!.i)a.: so accord. to different copies of the lV: or, accord. to the 0, the former verb has both of these significations: (TA:) or it has the latter of these signification., otver the house: (i>:) or the house became alteredl, said of a ajaaL [i. c. a man, or person, or the or changed, and years passed ocer it: and in like (TA.) And figrure of a thjing seen from a distance]: (g:) or manner one says, %:ii and both verbs signify it (anything) became altered, jim. said of a boy, A year passed over him; [or or chtanged, (M, ]~,) from sttraightnes, or even he became a year old;] (~;) as also 'PJ"l.t news, (1~,) to crookedness, or unevenness. (M, ]~.) (K.) And 01~" lr 'tJi anid (K9,~, Mqb, IXC) 7zJt.. h bow became crooked V You say, IJh j,;Z (Ks, ?, P) He remained, stayed, abode, (Is, TA) ii. the portion betwee the p7art grasped or dwelt, a yeoar in the place: (Ks, Q,Myb, C: by the hand and the curved extremity; or in the or, as some say, a long time. (TA.)c.urred extremtity: (TA:) or reverted from the inf. n. 3i.(,Myb, ]g) and Li.and srtate into whiich it was broughit by pressure [with ?~.I.,and .;.; ()and ~ the ..A%I], and became crooked in the portion be~) &c., (V,) Shte ]p maid of a she-camel, twreen the part grasped by f/se hand and the curved or becuome pregnant, during a did not conceive, 0:) and in 0~ extremity; as also l,..J1m..t year, or two years, or sme years: (V:) or she, "I C>&-,~) *,s,zf)l like manner, ji havying been covered by the stallion, did not become ~:.Jl [Thte ground becamne'altered, or chtanged, pregnant: (~, XC:) or, said of a woman, and of a or [simply] she-cael, she did not becomet pregant. (Myb.) fr.om ewenness to uwevenness]: V%:.J"I.. it becamie uneven: (Mqb:) [and And z.iim., (?, Mgh, Myb, TA,) and Ir.ZJblm, bore one app. sigrnifies (Mgh) maid of a palm-tree (1),It ,pj*9I tVitj.1 (1( in art %.* t or didi year: (Mgh, TA:) year, and not another thec same:] or J"..... signifies it (a thing) was (?) havingbeenfcundated. not ber,($,Myb,) disposed, or was about, to becomet altereid, or -J.' *' Jim., (?, Eir-Bhghib,) or ii~ chtanged. (Er-R&gbib, TA.) And ;aiJ5 jI.. its






11,,.b lelrf them [eng.nged] in
(1~ TA.)

colour altered, or chaniged, and became black. ($.) And ~Jt.. It (a thiing) s/4ftoed from its way, . or manner, or directia.n. (TA.) And 1?.0, it Te strinig of the bow sit fIed from its place on the occasion of shiootisng: and .4i t&,j [the bo,v shffited from its setring.] (TA.) And &;t ~A Jim., imif. n. J,a.., (0, TA,) or this is a simiple stnbst., (~, M, K~,) lle, or it, sthi.fted, or ,iemorcdl,fi.om his, or ity, place. (0, TA. [See Jy;., bclow.]) And jm.I CiK* JIm.i q. fJ,I.J [i. e. l-Ie, or it, shift;d, or re',nored, or bserame shifYt.d or trasesferred, to another lc] (5.) And ".ii ~ Jim., inf. n. Jjjs..q








(&c.], (Mgh,) L~J~., (Mgh, M9b,) like tpi "' (Er-Rhghib, TA,) adJ&i . (Mgh) and 1 The thing intervened as a separation, a partition, a fenc, a barrier,or an obstacle, or obstructioe., ($,JV, Er-Rhgib, TAJ)between mes and thee, (8, Er-IRAghib, TA,) or between the two things. (15.) 4 You say, Q ; ;p.i J6.. Th4e river intervend as a separtwtion, or an obstacle, betwee us, prevenitng conjunction, or communication. (Myb.) And


U(,Ii ~Ji.

[The thing intervee as


voce an obstacle in the way to thse thing]. (Q W&:0 It is maid in the gur [viii. 24], I"01

Myb, Er-MRghib,) inf. n. Bk. I.

JX.. and


.,JLI[i. e. Hle wi-thdrew, or receded, from the eel; " ' J3 a.. X; J, [And know ye that cocenonit, compact, agrement, or engagement]. God interr'eneth, or interpaseth, betwe the man and his heart, or secret thougqhts, or desire): inleaped, and rode, *pon the bark of his. htorse; as dicating that He turns hbim from his desire: (Er*. helepd ort;Q%1 p6J (1~,also jt al.l: Righib, TA:) or that He possesse his heart, and 85



674 turns it as He wills: (0, TA :) or theata man cannot believe nor disbelieve unless it be God's will: (Jel :) or, u some say, that God destroys a man; or reduces him to the vilest condition of life, in order that he may not know, after knowing, anything. (Er-RAghib, TA. [See other remote interpretations in the Ksh, and the Exlpc. of Bd.]) And in the same [xxxiv. bM], ' j : IL [And an obstacle shall be made to intervene bgtween them and that which they shall eagerly desire]. (TA.).-And :IJl JI_. The thingporedout, orforth. (TA.) [See also 4.]


[Boox I.

a. Jt, ($, , .K,)in£ n. Lij. (M,g, manner one says of anything by which one KL) and J11., (M, , TA, [in the Ci, erro- becomes fat. (AA,TA.)_And Jl_l He did, [i. e. absurd, inconsisneously, Jlj,]) He desired it: ($,KL:) he or said, what was Jla sought it: (M, 1, KL:) or he sought it by an tent, self-contradictory, unreal, or impossible]. (., Sgh, .') - And His camels did not conartful contrivance or desice ; or by artful, or skilceirve, or become pregnant, (AA, ,,],) during ful, management; by turning over, or revolving, a year, or two years, or some years, (1,) haring thoughtt, ideas, schemes, or contrivanecs, in his been coorved. (S.) As a trans. v.: see 2, in mind, so as tofind a way of attaininghis odject; three placeLs --.. jl Jl.l He referred the syn. &e.. W , (A,) or aeJ4. (Har p. 326.) creditor,from hinumself, [for tlhe paymctnt of what Aboo-.Heiyeh En-Numeyree say;, was due to him,] to another. (M, K.) And ;4 'i l I transferrod his debt [i. e. the debt - i; .J?,. (' :,.) Uand iJLinf. n. n, j , [And who will seek to get a thing in the mouth of due to him from me] by making another person (15,) the latter, of the dial. of Temeem, accord. to the lion?] (Freytag's Arab. Prov. ii. 714.) And than myself responsible for it. (Mqb.) And Ltl, (TA,) [but see what follows,] inf. n. j.; j J1 ZI L tISi lw i lJ. I referred, one says, ttL I . J,l. [CHe deuired,or ought, .;1;JjS (i,M,Mgh, .;) and v-jm.^1, (?,],) inf. n. of hcr, copulation, using blandishment, or artiicfe, or turned orer, Zeyd, for the payment of what t.jj.!; (];) Hi eJe s C[quinted; i.e.] hadthe for that purpose]. (T in art. .j.) J,qr 4, ru due to him from me, to a certain man, transferringthe responsibility for the debt to the wAite apparent at the outer angle, and the black occurring in a trad., means J.Jl .I [app. By latter: in which case, I am termed came.,_; and next the inner angle: (M, K :) or had the black turning towards the nose: (Lth, M, ]1:) or had means of Thee I seek, or demarnd, that which I Zeyd is termed t,,j ; and the oth;er man, one of the two blacks turned towards the nose, and want]. (Ax, M, A, TA.) One says also, A,Jt.. 4s; tJ{ and cb l J& ;, and the other towards the temple: (Mgh:) or had its j'l j .he,1 [I sought, or endeavoured, to inand the property, , tjt .: (Mglh:) andt, black next the outer angle: or his eye was as duce him to do the thing], and .-. j01 [to leave [originally .i- or 3j",] also, is alplied to him tiough it looked towards the .A [or suprait]. (A 'in art. j.) And, of water, IJlto whom the reference is made; and to him who orbital bone]: or had the black inclining towards (L and 1; in art. o tIt I) was aboutto accepts the reference; bothl together being termed the outer angtle: (M, ]:) the first of which congeal, orfreeze; w at the point of congealing, O'j;. (Aboo-Sa'eed, TA.) And you say, Jl.l meanings is that commonly known: but some say orfreezing. (T15 in that art.))-_ dJ CJj . that .JI. signifies it was turned from its proper · , &:U [He r.ferrd a person to him for the I looked sharply, or intently, at him; I cast mny state: or it is anomalous: (TA:) the epithet appayment of his debt]. (S.) And Jl.I [alone] eyes at.hit,. (ISd, 1].) plied to the man is tj;l, ($,Mgh, 1,) and He tranferred the debt for which he was re4. Jla,s as n intrans. v.: see 1, in eighteen sponsible to the reponsibility of another. (Har -: and tbhat applied to the eye is [the fern. "3t", [lIe nithdrew p. 59).) And l.j s.,sojl J.Jm. [I turned over of the former of these, i. e.] t,a.-: (s:) the pl. places. 'j .;; from a meadowp, and set to running,] is a prov., the affair to .Zeyd;] I mnade the performance of which, and of the mase., is *j.. (/Iar meaning he forsook abundance of herbage, or of of the affair to be required rextricticely of Zeyd. p. 412.) the goods and conveniences and comforts of life, ,- JI J.tl lIe poured out the 2. inf. n. , lIe altered it, tran.. and preferred to it straitness, or difficulty. (S.) (MBb.)_ 1 -si Jllt He set upon him with thi water upo# it: (1 :) or i, > ;1 Jt..I he &t muted it, or changed it, whether essentially, or substantially, or in respect of predicament [or wrhip, (S:NA, A ,) ,y, [strihing him]: (S:) poured forth the water from the buchet, and L il Jl_. state or condition], or by saying; (Er-Raghib, or he desired to strike him with the nwhip: or he turned orer the latter. (S.) ;J_.JI [God made the year to tpass over him, TA;) [as also tfIlI._ [Hence, Hle turned it struck him with the whip: (MA:) and ,L or it]: (Lh, TA:) or j._oJI all Jl..! God made over, or about, in his mnind, considerinig irhat ;l, and 5,Jtt, [if &a:6l be not a mistranmtight be its results, anl so managed it; namely, the year complete. ( , TA.)-- j. JI Jl_m1., in the MS. from which ,fQI [The man made his she-camels to pas the an affair; like ·4J.] You say, J!' .j scription for I take this, as it may be inferred to be from what year wrvithout becomning pregnant; or] the stallion ,4'1 [A man who is knowring, skilful, or intelhere precedes and fillows,] I aimed at him with did not cover the man's she-camels during the ligent, in turning affairs over, or about, in his the whip, and ivith the spear, and set upon him year. (Lh, TA.)- " J.l, (Ks, Lh, S,) or ,ind, &c.]. (9, TA.) And ', )l tjt.ml with it: whence the saying, of him who has 0~1t, and tH L , (1,) le made his eye to lie altered, or changed, his opinion respecting struck one at the point of death, and killed him, [i. i.e. . tsuinting, &c.]. (Ks, Lbh,8, .) the thing, or affair. (MA.)He shifJtled it, 1 uic ; , ,i. e. tie makes death be ; Jlt.l He made remored it, or transferred it, from one place to [as it were] to hang upon, and leareto, striAing; [See 1, last sentence.] _. his speech Jt [i. e. absurd, inconsistent, or another: (s,* Mgl, 0, Mh, TA :) or 4 1" like as the spear is made to cleave to the J,._ he slifted it, removed it, or transferred it, to it, &X, who is the person thrust, or pierced. (Msb.) self-contradictory]. (S. [Sec also 2.])1 jj. tb ;m. lionm fluctuating, and shifting, and varyor hin: (1K:) and Jtl.1 signifies the same. EI-Farezda] says, (S, TA,) addressing Hubeyreh ing, are thy evasions, miles, artiJiceax, or artful (Mib.) [Hence,J ';.1 J;~, (Mqb,) inf. n. as Ibn-Damdam, (TA,) eontrivances or devices! (Har p. 309.) And above, (Mgh,) Ie paut the right side of the [gari--ed nuent called] .l.D on the left: (Mgh :) or he shifted iaJl..4 Hown surpassing ix he in the practice eaich extremity of the obj to the place of the other. of evasions, shijls, wiles, artifices, or artful con(Msab.) - lie transferred, or transcribed, what trivances or devices; or in turning over, or renas in it, namely, a book, or writing, to another, i. e. [And thou mast like the mickehd wnolf: whien vrolving, tilwughts, ideas.*, schemes, or contrivances, nithout doing arway with the oritgtinal form. he sam blood upon his companion, one day,] he in his mind, so as tofind a way qof attaining his (TA.) -He made it, or pronounced it to be, set upon the blood. ($, TA.)_[Hence, perlhaps,] ol?ect! (Fr,.8, K;) as also A .1 La. (Fr, $ in Jl_. [i. e. absurd, inconsistent, self-contradictory, &cl Jlt. He reckoned him, or esteemed him, art. k,.-, and .K.) l unreal, or impossible]. (]. [See also 4.])weah. (K..) 1 U I J _1 Night poured uplon 5. jJ.3: see 1, first sentence, in three places. the earth; (g;) and came on;, (TA.) [See Ja.: see 4. - See also 5, in two places._ [Hence,] J .3 [He turned innovator]. sid of a she-camel &c., i. q. ,;.: (1 :) also 1, last entence but one.] .. 'JI CJ Ot.l The bread fattened sch a one; and in like (0 and Ii in art. ea.) - It shifted, or re~ovd, seal. 1



Boox I.] or ,~nt, or became hifted or tran.fcrred, (S, Mlb, 1],) from one place to another, (S,) or from (S,*Msb, 1!) its place; (Msb;) as also tJ. 1t, as shown above: see 1, near (and Jm. and Jt the beginning.] You ay, ,iu '; J;..1 It jfted, &., from its place. (Msb.) And J_ . It shifted from it to another. (g.) And l J,.; i. q. jt;, q. v. (s.) And ma.i ,. The Milky Way became in the i,~);1 't midst of the sky; which it does in the summer, (Sh, !5, TA,) when the season of heat comes also 8, in two places.=on. (Sbh, TA.) -See (TA,) lie carried Also, ($, g,) or '. J;3., a bundle upon his back. (S, K, TA.) And J;" *U"1lie put a thing in the [ar,nentcalled] .L , and then carried it on his back. (M,. 1.) a4k J 3J Hie sougAt to avail hi,mself of the state in which he *night be rendered lrrompt, or willing, to arcept admontition. (AA, 1g.)

3l,l He looked at it, (S, M, I,) TA.)[i. e. a man, or person, or the a vm" namely, at a distance], (S,) to see seen thing figure of a if it moved: (., M, K :) as though he sought, or desired, its motion and change. (TA.) And .JI Jl.;l .tie looled at [the waterless clouds, or the clouds that lhad poured forth their water, to see if they clhanged or moved]. (TA.) - lie [i. e. absurd, inconsistent, &c.: reckoned it J.. see above]. (KL)

675 a bundle, or bundle of clothes, (jtb,) rwhich is carried on the back (S, Ham ib.) by a man: ( :) or a thing that a man carries on his back, (ISd, O, Ii,) whatever it be. (ISd, TA.)- A [garment of the kind called] I L in which one collects, or seeks and collects, d-ry herbage: (0, or a garaient, or ypiece of stu,t; of which :) o two ends are tied in a anot behindlthe fluasa, and the other two ends orer the head; in nrhich one collects dry herbage; also called 1S. (TA A A child's go-cart, by means vo in art. .) ~ vawhich he practises walking; (S, a, TA;) 'e(i;) also called mmbling a smaUll ; [q. v.]. (S, TA;) The part of a horse that is the place of the .J [or raddle-cloth]: or the line along the middle of the back: (.K, TA:) or i!f the buchk jl' signifies the ,nidile O ~,,I of thek.horse; the place of the a. (S.) [See also its syn. 1..] Jl.Jl %I. signities the

11. ,j

J...., 'l


TA, [in the CK

inf. n. J, _l., (TA,)

Tlte land

became green, and its he"rbage stood erect, or bccame strong and erect. (K, TA.) [See 9.-.] The state, condition, or case, (iho,) of a jl. thing; [considered as subject to change;] (Msb, Er-Rtlghib, TA;) as also t JI*l.: (Msb:) or the quality, or manner of being, and state, or condition, of a man, (.K, TA,) in respect of good or (K:) or the parevil; (TA;) as also *tia.: ticular case, or predicament, of a man &c., in respect of changing events, in the soul and the body and the acquisitions: (Er-Raghib, TA:) and in the coventional language of the logicians, a fleeting, or quichly-transient, quality, such as accidetntal heat and cold and moi.sture and dry(TA:) anything changing: nWss; as also till.: (.Ham p. 288:) the tine in which one is; (Ltih, K ;) [the present time;] the end of the past, and the beginning of the futu,re: and as a conventional term, [in granmmar, the present tense: and the future: and also] a denotative of state of the agenct or of the objective complement; [the and the latter, j ,jI.l; former termed JW1

Jl1;l [meaning He was re' b;; 41 8. ferred, or turned over, to him7 for the payment (.,TA.) You say, of thedebt] is from '>Jt.Jl. t b .e b.j J\;_.l Zeyd reas e F 1 CjJ JOi referred, or turned over, for the u,/)m,e,nt of ime, to a ret,in man, what was dee to hiiU from to wilwn the responsibility fjbi. the dflebt was tranfjr'red. (Mgh.) JU;.I said of a year; see 1.MJl.I (, MA, Msb, K, KL) and tJd_ (,]~) and J. (1~) signify the same, (S, K,) (Ham a;) and t j., [q. v.]; ( from '1.Jl p. 652,) inf. n. Jl_.- and ", , (yam ib. and K,) also signifies the same as J;._l; (.Ham ib.;) whlich means lIe practised 4~ [i. e. an evasion or elusion, a shift, a wile, an artifice, or an artful contrircanee or derice, a machination, a tritl, a plot, a stratagem, or an expedient, &c.] (MA,KL:) or he exercised art, artt;ice, rutnning, ingenuity, or shill, and excellence of considerationor deliberation, and abililty to min,ge according to his own f,ee mill, (.K, TA,) with i.e. [means subtilty: (TA:,, or hesomught'i_1 of evading, or eluding, a thing, or of effecting an object, bly] the exercise of art, art'cie', cunning, ingenuity, or skill, in the management of affairs; by the turning orer, or revolving, thoughts, ideas, schenmes, or conatrivances, in his mind, so as to find a way of attaining his object. and tJ_.j (Msb.) You say, ;.'1 ui Jl.l [&c., Ie practisedi an evrason or elusion, &c., Jt-..i TIe in the affair]. (K.) [And 4 practised an artifice, or an ariful contrirance or d~ice, &c., againut him. And *3tai JIt.. lie exercised art, artifice, cunning, ingenuity, or skill, in the mnanagement of affoirs, Jbr his Thry encomfamily, or householdl.] e, pased, or surrounded, him; or made himn to be in the midag of tiem. (M, 0, 1.)

., (A in art. ^.,) which the same as l .JI means I A man lig/hlt of bach; (S, A, L, Myb, all i.e. having little property: and in art. ^.;) also having a small family to maintain; (L in that art. ;) or having little proplerty and a small family to maintain; (L anid ]. in that art. ;) WI1 Jki.. (A, L, MSb, all in that art.) like liWack ,nudt: (S,J:) from jt. "'it became altcred, or chianged." (TA.) It is said in a trad. thiat the Jlt of EI-Kowthar is musk: (TA :) and in another, that Gabriel took of thie Jl. of the river [Nile] and put it into the mouthi of Pharaoh; (S, TA ;) but here it bas the meaning next following. (TA.) Black f.litid mud; syea. to-. (K, and Ham p. 288.) Antd Soft ea:th. W Feaknesas, (1K, and Hain ib.)_And hlence, and softness. (Ilam ib.) - Stinking Jflesh-meat. _ aand eachl said to be c> Jl; dvJI (Ham ib.) I ot ashes (IAar, K,and .lam ib.) a denocase as oct.s. in the pnt , i. e. JlJI [acacia, or mimosa, The leavex of the , tative of state, unless expressed ly a complete gtumianifera,] beaten and shaken off into a y/,r. proposition ;] as [tlJ] in the phrase ) .0%jnent, or piece o'f cloth. (1K.) - Milk. (M, K.) In the dial. of IHudieyl, (IAsr, TA,) A niJe. l.tU gll; [Zeyd is in the houise, standing], and (IAar, K.) , [I beat Zeyd standing]: (Ibnin I. UI~.j .. J_ A year; (S, M,b, I, Er-RAglib, &c.;) El-Kenial, TA:) it is fem., like J_.; (M.sl;) and masc. ; (Mtb, K ;) but mostly fen. : (TA:) so termed in consideration of its chianging, and the pl. is J_1 anid aW?l, (K,) [both properly of the revolttion of the sun in its places ot' rising and setting; (Er-Raghib, TA ;) or as being tihe pls. of pauc., but the former often used as a pl. period in which [certain] plants attain their cownof mult., and often signifying circumstances,] lIlete strengthi : (El-Harnllee,TA:) and even if the latter anomalous: (TA:) the pl. of t jt. it has not passed; because it will be [properly is z')t.l : (TA:) or t all, is the n. un. or sing. speaking] a J;.: an inf. n. used as a simple relation used in .], . [and of jl. and jl^.l subst.: (Msb:) pl. [of pane., but also used as ,_ . and to a man. (S, O.) You say (MI, Msb, K) and [of a 1l). of mult.,] J1 (M, K,) the former 4.J. and J., [A good state or condition &c.; as also' t mult.] Strentgth, with . and theIlatter with .. (TA.) and n.. d. 11 _..]. (Msb.) And ., 1 t (., TA;) an ); syn. or force; might, or for.tune. power, time of or ricisitude, The changes, ;. 1.l and J.JI & Do thou also t a;e- [originally .l.] (TA) and *. ,, (K.) [And In (IK, TA,) or this last is a n. un. from Jm: s And J immediately. it now, or any case: a phrase of fiequent occurrence. The (TA:) it is in the soul and the body and the [,:.i. 9. f ,.J.l: see1,last sentence. phrase JIJI C;jCJ JU t Thte tongue of the case acquisitions: and hence the saying, in a trad., j_ a) [There is said, (often used by late writers,) means the case _.Clb.a3l j I;i ,.dmjl: see ll.] A load, or burden: (Ham no strength nor power but in, or by meant oJ; 10. J01. l: see 1, in six places. - Also It seemed to say.] (speech, or language, ., Msb, or a thing, TA) p. 29 :) [whence, perhaps, Jl.JI A..J (which God, the High, the Great]: (Er-RgPhib, TA :) [i. e. absurd, inconsistent, self- see in what follows) as meaning t taving a small or it here signifies motion; [see also ZJi. ;] and became J... contradictory, unreal, or impouible]. (S, Msb, family to maintain:] and hence, (Ham ib.,) the meaning is, tiere is no motion nor power, 9 85'*

[BooK J. or ability, but by the will of God: (AHeyth, TA:) or, as some say, the meaning is, there is no J". [i. e. changing, or turning, or receding,] from disobedience, nor $y [i.e. power] to obey, but by the accommodatiny, or disposing, of God. (Myb.) -See also ;ie .~;uS The lateral, or adjacent, part to which a thing may shift, or remove: (Er-Rlghib, TA:) or the environs [of a thingo. (Mgb.) You say, I13' .. , (8, S, e) or dJ. U.i, the noun being in the accus. case as an adv. n. of place, i.e., [They .at, or we sat, around him, or it, or] in his, or its, -nvirons; (iMb;) and ?*Ji1-, and 9 ., (S, sny, J L.J, C. , 1 T,hi is of the wonders it]. (8.) 8ee also j. ndeeAndsee : _ of the age, or of time, or fortune; as also > and J,_Jt . The swience of meand 'u tpl. of t_'], j, -d),js. chanics.] (S, TA: the last, in one copy of the ], V ,.;, i.j : see j.., in two places. and in the C tAS] ..).._An evil, or aborminable, eveont or accident; (O, TA;) a calaAS. A solid-hoofed animal in his rs year: mity, or misfortune: pl. J,.: as in the saying, (S, O :) or a solid-hoofed animal, rc., a year old; oJj l > 'i,. ;J It is a calamity of cealamities. a yearling: ( :) it is applied in this sense to a (., TA.) It is also used as an epithet; so that camel: and also to a plant: (TA:) and so and ttj'. aypplied to whcat, or food,. one says, s Jav r..j [He did, or brought to ljtJ. dc.: (S, 0:) and 't)~ applied to a boypasu, an eril, or abominable, thing]. (M, TA.) child: (S:) or, as some say, tlhis signifies in the !i., (,8, M, Myb, K, ec.,) originally J., state of childhood; not limited to a year old: (Er-i,bihib,TA,) [said to be an inf. n., (see 8,)] (TA:) the fem. of J^ is 1a .: pl. [muc. and t J. (., M, 1) and Jm. and j.., (M, A ,.. ... . 1;,'; and] fem. ZW . (8, K.) L 'IlI S,) whiel is also a pl. of the first, (SI,) and Young trees of the kinl called Lib. (TA.) tij.. (K) and ta?J4 (Ks, TA) and tj; (M, ) and tl l.. (yam p. W4) and *~tL see J~. (, ]) and Jt 3 , (M, S,) [said to be an inf. n., ,fj4. and £9", the latter like :'I and Jf., (see 8,)] and tfi.,~, (gla, TA,) i.q. jt l wlich are the only otlher worls of this measure, and j_3J and j.3; (M,S; [see 8;]) [or (8r, S,) accord, to Kh, (8,) [The membrane that A mode, or manner, of changing from one state encloses the she-ca,ners fwtns in the womb;] to to another, or of xhiJting from one thing to the she-camel, like th (S, TA) to the another; aie. being of the measure ii from woman; (TA;) i. e., (S,) a skin (g, V) of a ),fullof mater, jl., like 'l.- &c. from ,J4. &cc.; or from dlark, or an ashy, dnst-colo(ar ( (S,) which comNes J;rth with the fntus, contain. d, as syn. with Jl.; (see what follows;) a ing ,,..,Z [pl. of h,.p, q. v.], and harting line., mode, or means, of evading or eluding a thing, or or st,real, which are red, and .f a dark, or .an of effecting an object; an ernsion or elusion, a ashy, dust-colour (J.): (, S:) or it comes shift, a mile, an artiJice, or artful conttirance for.th after the fetst, in the Jirst OilZ; onl or device, a machination, a trick, a plot, a stratagem, or an exyedint ;] a means of effecting is the first thing that comes forth therefron: one's tramdtionfrom that which he dislikes to that so says 1Sk: and the word is sometimes used whichA e likes; (KT, in exlbanation of the first in relation to a woman: (TA:) or, accord. to word;) art, artiJie, cunning, ingenuity, or skiU, AZ, the water that cores fm'.th utin the head of (M9 b, ,) in the management of affaiir; i. e. theJbetus, [i. e.] at the birth: (S:) or a memtbrane the turning over, or revolving, thoughts, ideas, like a large bwCket, which is Jil tof water, and schemea, or contrivances, in the mind, so as to ind bursts rchen it flls tupon the ground: then comes a tray of attaining one's object; (Mb ;) and ex- forth the U"; and a day, or two days, Jtcer cellence of consideration or deliberation; and that, the i;,. (TA.) Hence thle saying, i,ji ability to manaoe accordingto one's own free will, SJWI ctt , QCJ and .,)-" J*) (g, TA,) With subtilty: (TA:) accord. to EruJ1, (TA,) : They alighted amid abundance Rhghib, L,e. signifies a means of attaining to of water and green herbage. (.K, TA.) And some state contealedly; and it is mostly used of JZ Lt t I an7 land having dark that in which is sin, or offence, or disobedicince; *'^,.J1 . but sometimes of that in the exercise of which is green herbage. (TA.) - Soe also wisdom; and hence God is described as .. Z s,. and and : see ej~. t Jtl_l, meaning strong in attaining,concealecily ,_: see J1.~, in four place. fromn men, to that in which is ~isdom: accord. to Abu-l-Babl, it is from JLa..; because by it jdMy see j.a , in two places. one shifts from one state to another, by a species l The changing, or varying, of time, or of forecast, and gentleness, or delicacy, so as to change a thing from its outward aplperance: fortune. (i.) _ -, and &il., and lii., (TA:) the pl. of li,~ is J. and j' [whicli and 4 see m.: J-.latter is the most common form, and also, as well see J , in two places. as J., said to be syn. with the sing.,] and ,i5*.. (g.) One says, ii ~ [He ,has no jtO.. [in the CV, erroneously, Jte] The mode,or means, of evading &c.]. (TA.) [And front of a thing, as meaning the part, place, or ai $.. to I have no mode, or means, Iof location, tilat is over against, opteo,facing, 5 evading 5c.j. And t* 1 ;.) ;4 :I, [Man fronting, or in front; syn. tJI. (9, and Mgh becomes impotent: ther is no avoiding it]. (S.) in art. J,...) You say, l.. ~ stood in ~;. ,ig.. ,) means * 9 [Thero is so avoiding front of him; in thei part, place, or loeation, it, or scaping it]. (ff, ].) One says, '; .; that was over against him, oppoite to him, &c.; tLji_ ' [Death comes: there is no avoiding syn. &43. (Myb in art. Je..) And ,.-

k;,) dual of J

, (TA,) and V&l'.,

(8, Msb,

1i,) dual of JOl., (TA,) and JI;,. (ISd, ,) pl. of J, and used to give intensiveness to the meaning: (ISd, TA:) but you should not say aslJm. (,.gh.) And UJ. i , *t? 1 [ O God, be Thou around s as our protector, and not against w,] occurs in a trad. respecting prayer. (TA.) It is said, in the Expos. of the ex. cited as testimonies by Sb, that one sometimes says t ,11f and Ji., meanling Around thee, in every direction; dividing the surrounding parts into two; like as one says, , . 4L1~ ~&, not meaning that any of the surrounding part remained vacant. (TA.) [See also an C. voce cO.Q.]



inf n. of;.

';.. (8,


[See 1, last


See also ~?,.


ee J..:


and see also 1, last


see J;.: _-and JPl:



j_. Removal from one place to another, in a passoi sense; a subet. from j,m3: (6,O, :) and in an active e~ ; a subet. from £,.; ( ;) accord. to ISd, it is the latter [only]; (TA;) as also tJi,l... (S.) Hence, in the Sur [xviii. 108],
-0. . . . .


1; 4_ [They shaU not desire renmoalfrom it]:-(, M, O, S :) or, as some say, it here means t'Ae~; i. e. they shall not [deire to] practie, or seek to practise, any eovasionfomn it to another abode. (TA.) - See also ai,. [of which it is said to be both a syn. and a pl._ And ee LJj. _- Also A furrow, or trench, in the ground, in which palmtrees are planted in a row. (ISd, S.)

.it,.; pl. ,1.

: see Jlt., in seven places.

aJ5.3. Motion, or removal, (J..3 or _j, accord. to diferent copies of the S, the former being the reading in the TA,) and change of state. (s.) [See also J0_. And see ,o.M i jl. of which it is the inf. n.]_See also al.. *0*~~~~~O~ Amid see J-Z, a meaning ;E1. see


J..: -

and li.. _

Also A

condor, or wonderful thinf: pl. J.. (g: [bit probably this should be J3 , as below.]) - [It is also used as a pl., signifying WVonders.] You

Boo 1.]


and dJlm;. He sat in front of himn, oer againt ingenuity, or shill, and excellence ofconsideration seems that in this case 0J and J1.. are inf. ns., his, porite to kim, facing or fronting him; or deliberation, and ability to manage according or that the latter is a subst. having the sense of
· rn. .lj, (, .) And :4j1 j0S. I&

Thu it opposite to tAy oying; syn. yl£.C; in the orua. se, a an adv. n. of place: thus related by IAr from the Arabs: but one may also my " iAb1 J,. [the opposite of thy saying], making the phrase to consist of an inchoative and an enunciative: so says ISd. (TA.) It is originally with 3 [In the place of the kS]'
_ i (f, O.) -... S. l [.y himselfor itself; inde-

to his own free will, with nubtilty; &c.; ee the an inf. n.: see 1, and ee abe Li,.]: (TA:) is the part. n.]: ($:) and t3J?~ signifies the ame as ~3.. (].) verb (8) of which Jl.. or J_ and V_" and 'tiy, and · AJ "nd Also A palm-tree (Msb, O) that bears one year, ?tkj., [in the CV, erroneously, J-,] like and not another year: (V,:) or not bearing. (Mqb.) The femnale young one of a camel, ~IS, [in the CV like ;CL,1] and j1.l. and at the time of her birth: the male is termed V~tl .and cVO., sgnify J0I;' ,., [i. e. .a.: (, V:) pl. J,. and J, 1 .. (TA.) one rwho eserseugreatart, artifice, &c.]: (fgh, One says, L.~ 3 IJI J. 4 [The she 1]:) all of these forms are mentioned by 18d, camel brought forth a beautifl fe le young except and ,..': (TA:) accord. to some, J^. .U signifies ~eperiened, or expert, in affairs; or one wheo las been tried, or proved, and strengthened by experience in affairs: ( Iar (IIam p.312:) and tj.i signifies the same asJ'; liCt, p. 34;) having much a'l,. [i.e. art, art &c.]: accord. to analogy, it should be [Jt.,] like JlG and .LA, as epithets applied to a man: (Idem pp. 530 and 531:) JIg., also, [in like manner,] signifies * .. ,l [i.e. one who · as above]; and so ezxrcisc art, a,rtie , e.,
g.. [from

la 1 .Jb j1; pendntly]. You say, ; d1 . Give tlou to oeery one of tl:e;n by himsrf; or ep&Ak. oa-;) 'yn. 4.J. .L.s ; (g in art.


one]. (s.) And ,:. ,.'





L ;,


,l, j.


(Mgh in art. J..)
(M' b in art. J..)

And oi:


J64 -

AJl~b 1 did everything by itslf; syn. a J;l'~.

Also A string that is tied

frt .the camera CJt [or belly-girth] to hit .JM. [or hind girth], to prevent tke .i_ from oin9g against the sheath of his penix: (i :) so, too, in the M: but in the O, as on the authority

of AA, VJ. like ;,_, signifies the string that and thb eth. (TA.) it bete the

[I will not do tat as long as a mother of a female young camel utters her gentle yearning ,]. (s.) - Also, (Lth, Mgh, , TA,) and tJl_ (Lth, 1) and t3j and 'JA, (],) A thing that interenesas a separation, a partition, a fence, a barrier, or an obstacle, or obstruction, between two other things. (Lt, Mgh,M O, ]) One says, L;: tj' * l', i.e. J5. [This is a thing interening as a separation, &c., beteenn them two]; like jt4. and'.~l.. (Lth, 0, TA.) 3i1.: see ase ..

'_, pL of, or syn. with,


[mentioned above (in the see 1, last sentence. Jy-l; and its fem. .: )] sig[More wry than the ,. 3 J.;AI J.' J graphb. [Hence,] One who is responsildle, or nifies also cunning, or intelligent, or skilful and it does not come the he-caml]: because urine of m erable. ;(s.) - And A ritness. (K.) - knowing; and quick and sharp or vigorous or and] inclining to but [backwards, forth straight, 8ee alo ;..: and '... - Also [Desire: effertire; syn. A;r. ',"; (K, TA;) applied e u one side: a prov. (TA.)-- . j_' or a eeing: or a seeking by an artful contri- to a man. (TA.) artifice, more i_. [meaning art, one who has vance or device, or by artful or skilfil manageJ '.: see 4, in the latter half of the para- running, ingenuity, or skhill, in the management ment, to find a way of attainingan olject :] a graph. of affairs, &c.,] than thou; (Fr,~,];) as also subet. from L.. (f, O, :.) ].) t1 V)g.l an [He is the And tJ.l.I. ( in three places. . see J., The effecting a transition qf one river, most artful, cunning, ingeniow, or skilfidl, of or rivulet, to another. (M, ].)' [This is what see Jly,.: see J lm.I. (MF in art. j: men]; originally is meant by the OIlj in tljIjt, mentioned in J5:. Altering, or being transmuted,or changing; the Mgh, as "eustoniary in the cases of certain plants, a rio, and the jl.jl,Q, and in plant- or altered, or transmuated, or changed; [in any I: see the next preceding paragraph, in ing."] -The tranfer of a claim, or of a debt, manner; and particularly] in colour; (I, TA;) two places. by hlting thA responsibilityfrom one persn to and becoming, or become, black; applied to a &_ ollb#~ SIJ means j Anything another: (Mgh:) the transfer of a debt by bone, and any other thling. (TA.) shifting the rewpontibility q/ him reto transfers [hifting, or moving, or] that has shifted, or S_,, (0, q,) i. e. The leaving the land unown it to him to wrhom it is trmt.ferrred: (KT:) [a tored, in (f) [app. a mistranscription for ,.. one year, and sonwing it another year: whereby she-camel, and the land is strengthlened. (T].) refern~ made by a debtor, of his creditor, to from]) its place. (TA.) -A or not beconing iregfemale, not conceiring, any .a debtor of the former, for the payment of what see Fee .: le., in two places: -and (M, K,) or two years, (K,) nant, during a year, an order to the latter: the former is owed by also l..., in three places. for the payment ofa debt, or of a sum of money, or some years: (M, l5 :) or a she-camel not and & l_.; an d £ Jl. : see 4, Jt; gien by one person, iuon another, to a third pregnant (8, Mob, k) after having been covered by the stallion; (, K;) because denoting a in the latter half of the paragraph _- j ipmon: so in the present day:] a subst. (S,) also change from what is usual; (Er-Rhghib, TA ;) signifies [Absiurd; inconsistent; self-contradicfrom 4 sa *X j;f.t, (m,)or from ,a ;, and in like manner applied to a ewve, or she- tory;] comprising two contradictories; as when (Mb,) or from jl jl. ' (4 ) [See 4.] goat; (TA;) and to a woman: (Mb ') pl. Jlt_ one speaks of one body in two places in one A responsibility; acountablenes. (K.) and J" (, ) and J,-*, (.S,) and t3i- (M, case [or time]: (Er-R~ghib,TA:) that cannot next paragraph. J,1 and Bt^: see the V) is a quasi-p!. n.: eXM, TA:) [whence,] jSlt. bc conceived as e#witting in reality: (TA:) i. q. bti [as meaning untrw, or unrea/]; (Myb, used as intensive epithets: or J,. and *,15. J., applied to a man, signifies J TA;) impossible; that cannot be: (M 9 bs) per(K, verted; turnied from its proper way or manner Arlt [i.e. Knovring, skilful, or inielligent, in 51- signifies not conceiring in one year, TA,) when stC has been covered: (TA:) and of being; (I ;) applied to speech; (1, I as a;) turning affairs over, or about, in his mind, conJ,A ~ and ?JJ_, not conceiving during also ,. (].) sidering what may be their results, and so matwo years; ( ;) not conceiving in the first yeqr ;. J3., nagig them]; (., TA;) as also see s_: and e also ,., in after haring been covered, nor in the next followo1 , and .Ls and Ss and J .,: two places. ing yewr; like JP (TA, and so in copies of the $,) (TA:) and


;'; asee 4, in the latter half of the para- CK, erroneously, in this instance, J


(TA, and so in a copy of the


,'j-.; (TA;)

and t

[i.e. one who erieart,

-..& i' (~ in art. J, :) one says also, J s: ee 4, in the latter half of the parconeived after [app. meaning Shie and t*J. graph. -Also A woman that bring fortA a boy signifies ,: nCt after a girl; or tAe reerse: and in like years; for it to do so for two havaing failed arte, cunnin, I 1

and a,)




[BozO l.

manner applied to a'she-camel; as also tSV`: (S, Msb, K) and *L, (S, s,) said of a bird, have mercy upon our beasts that are going about : .. (Ks, Sgh, l :) and accord. to some, or flying thing, (S, Msb, IS,) &c., (S,) It went, the nater and not finding any to vhic they may and tj [or hovered,] or circled, (S, Msb, K,) round come to drink. (TA.) You say also i;a.; 1*i or tVjr [if not a mistranseription for J.~ about the water, (Q, MIg,) by reason of thirst, A thirst!y head: (TA:) or a head of mhich the J_.. signifies a she-camel that brings forth (TA,) or round about the thing: (].:) and in brain is thirsty. (T, TA.) - Also t Desiring, or #a, one year a male, and another year a female. like manner ~t, said of camels. (I, TA.) seehingl: pl. ., (pK,TA,) [in the C.K a, but (TA See alo . C> in a trad., j. .t_. [Hence,] it is said _ (TA.) - See also (TA.) it is] like j.. , I1;meaning t Ie who J01 ,.5 aJ.: see L..~, in four places. _ Also A approaches acts of disobedience is near to falling machine (i,;j_, Ltl, K) over which [pan.ses o4. therein. (Msb.) And you say, j . - ~.., the rope whereby] water is drawnn: (Lth, TA :) A place wrhe'e wine is sold; (Myb and if. WJ ,ip I [He hovers about an object o' aim, or [or and, (K,) or as some say, (TA,) a great ;j and S and .g in art. ep m;) tile in this art., TA 1 desire, that he has]. (TA.) And . s O' l .t sheave ofa pulley], (. in art. ~.., and K,) by [or shop ] place of the vintner; (Kr;) the t; jl (1K, TA,) neans of twhich camels draw wnater: ($ ubi t)1~ , inf. n. .,. and .t.e and .j, of the vintner: pl. ,EI;.: ($, Mb :) thought by supra, and TA:) [see a;L:] pl. j... and the second with kesr [to the C, and therefore AHn to be from the Persian dl. (TA.) 'vertebra.; with j in the place of j, but written in the CK [coll. gen. n.] *J (K.)-The (. ;il_.: see art. j. as also tjt~, : (K: [in the CK, .M1 is erro- with fet-li], (TA,) Such a one desired, or A91. .. i; neously put for 2Ui1 :]) or the latter has this sxoulht, the thki,g. (K, TA.) And and , ;j,l_t., mentioned in the g in arts. ; meaning; and the former signifies a sinigle rer- lie qf#ected, or inclined tomnarls, his relations, im. and ;~: see iC., above; and see also art. tebra: and the .A may be radical: (M,TA:) like one going round about the water. (TA.) y. [to which several words allied to this are to (T in art. CL.) - The mniddle . pl. i be regardetl as belonging]. It is mase. and fern.: t [npp. as nmcan.4m.--i. q. ... 2. ,) (kyLt, as in the M and 0; in the g, erro- ingu t lle paused, and acted nvith deliberet;on, or and is [said to be] originally l._, like 5;o,j: neously, ti.lj, TA) of the bach; (M, O, K ;) in a pattient or leisurely manner, or he wa,ited and its pl. is , it .: (, :) or, accord. to 113B, is in expectation, in the a.fftir, or case, like one is originally ,.im.; thcn, but accord. to sonime, the as also tjt:..: .; and then, who hovers about a thing]. (I;, TA.) radical. (TA.) yto... (TA in art. 4,'..) '.~: see 'd_. [lit. The army *f IHam, tllc.son of ,.;i ~ Noah; meaning, because of its blackness,] t the niglt. (TA.)

see J ;.: -and




see art.


A la,,ge herd of eamelx, ($, M, K,) .e. 1Jtl A man who says much that is Jl~ [or abs.urd1, inconsistent, self-rontradictory, un- amonnting tto a thouuzsand : (M, K:) or an indefinite nlmber; (1K,* TA;) i. e. many: a quasi. .') real, or inmpossible]. (Lthl, 3JU~ : see 4, in the latter half of the para- pl. n.; or, as sonic say, a pl. (TA.) grmph.- _ ;J ~ jl Land upon tvhich rain .A^, applied to wineC, (TA,) That circulates [or producesex a sensation of circular motion] in has not fallen. (TA.) - See also j_. the head. (C.) - Accolrd. to As, so applied, Also] an it signifies lIu ch in quantity. (TA.) [pass. part. n. of Ja.-J,m. irif. n. of .j_. (l.am p. ":503.) Arid A p,lace 4. The main part or portion, ($, .,) of to ,'hirkh one shtifs, re,noces, or becones trants- water, ($,) or of the sea, (1K,) and of sand, and fe,rred. (Idem ib.) of a figlht, &e.: (S, . :) the par.t where is mnost

1t. WVine; (S and K in art. d*., [in the CK, erroneouisly, ail.,] and K in art. j~;) a rel.n. from i1_.: (8, TA:) or vintners; (1 [fiom ~1; in art. ;;) ;ts.. (TA in art. .. ) or] a rel. n. from

se J,a.
~J.' A lIc that is crooked in the two a.t e.rtremities of its shan,k. (M, O, TA.) In the K, j,- is erroneously put for j.'P, and 4Li for .L3. (TA.) Avid t "



(IS) A bow, that is crooked (S, K, and iJl.~; TA) in the portion between the part grasped by the hand and the curved extremity, or in its curvred Uneven ' ,zxtrenit. (TA.) And f i

water, of the sea; (.latn p. 329, and TA;) tihe deepest part thereof: (TA:) and in like manner, of a watering-trough: (Itamn ibid., and TA:) or a copious, or deep, part of water: (Lbh, TA :) and lhe,ee, tite re,heNence of war orfight: (.Hami p. 32 :) or a place of fight; because the ol)posing parties go round about it: (Ham p. 42:) or the most vehement part [or the thickest] of a fight: (,* TA:) pl. ZG_;- (.lam p. 32.) [See also ;.L, last signification.]

yt A black, or iegro, boy or young man, , (1K,) which gr,ound: (S, TA:) or i. q. ($, K,) or slave: (S:) so termed in relation to menns land that has been left [unsown, or un.a.e. [or IIam, the son of Noah], the father of 3 (Mn,.) cultivated,] a year, or years. the blacks, or negroes. (S, K.) Jew.Z_* ; fem. with;: see the paragraph next Thirsty, and going, [or horerintg,] or .3l.. and see also Jl. preceding, in two places: circling, round about the water: (Ham p. 753:) Also Full. (K.) anid hence, (Id. p. 317,) whatever is thirsty: (Id. ibid., and K:) [fer. with 3: pl. mase. (Ilam p. 317.) You .. ag:] pl. fen,. ._.)1J. Q. Q. 1. l_, inf. can. : see Q. Q. 1 in say .. y. t Thirsty camels that go round about art. Jud.. the irater: (As, TA :) or, as also ASl_ A, thirsty camels: (1 :) or very thirsty camels (M,N.b,) or (TA.) And it is said in a trad., respecting the (s, M.b,g,) ,;1 j_, 1-. ;t .t . i O 0 God, ts-;. prayer for rain, A~.JJl tSj;, (K,) aor. ^w,(;)itif.

or.:., (., Msb, K,) inf. n. ' 1.~L.,Dl or ils^., (Msb,) or both, (11,) le collected it; brought it, drew it, or gathered it, together; (5, Msb, K ;) as also 1tjllaJ: (TA :) he grasped ;t; got, or gained, posseion of it: (Mqb, ]:) and t1,.; signifies the same; (S, M9b, ] ;) as also 1 gt.l_1: (Mob, g:) or this last, he took, or got, poxxsession of it; took it, got it, or l,.ld it, within his gr,ixp, or in his poSsession: (S:) and l_. sig,,ifies also he possesed it: (Mb :) and, said of a place [&c., as also t*s:&.l &cl and to!f..l] it comprised, comprehended, or contained, it. (TA.) - lie turned it round, made it to turn round,or wound it. (Har p. 230.
Ie made [Sec in art. .s.]) .3 a~? a vehicle for a woman such as is called A .. see art. . .? [originally j-]: (TA.) -k [inf. n. of ,S;.] signifies The act of 2. id. drating together, or contractittng: and dithe state of drawing together, or contracting; or being drawn together, or contracted; as also _3 [inf. n. of k~,.i]: (Lh, X(:) or, in the opinion of ISd, L i3 has the former signification; and ta., the latter. (TA.) A woman of the tribe ofdKelb, being asked what she did in the rainy . l [I (I draw mysef night, 0answered, U7A, JP-,9

BooK I.]

US D*le



-see ,: .- , in two places bs,1;; /,' (S;) but td1. and ~'..t- is [said to be] :. Wil .L 31, occurring in a trad. of Safeeyeh, means IB savys that this latter pl. is not held to be alin art. 1.. 1: see j_, round lte lowable by Sb, and that YlA is the pl. of all the Site used to wind an LU or a ,Lh hurmp of the coniel, behind him, and then to ride three sings., [originally] of the measure j5iW as [meaning A serpent] is said by some to be t.. and second the of pl. as jl.si and first, the of pl. _.]) e upon it. (IAth. [Sec from $i.3, because what is so termed gathers Sd,* third [though in these two cases it should be by itself together, and winds, or coils, itself; (18 .3, (1,) It assumed rule inf. n. (3, (,,) 6. Lq -]: AlHeyth says that .1. as pl. of 1,0 TA ;) and to be originally 4.; (TA in art. a round, or circular,.fnin; or coiled itself: (K :) it-? is like ! as as pl. of !i'lj: and ISk men- ,0 ;) and their opinion is strengthened by the or it galthered itrlf together, and coiled itielf, or and nJl ,'c? l, [in forms and meaning of the words oi.. and jt._ ;t*lI as pl. of l asumed a round, or circuiar,form. (S.) You tions fTA) [and hy the form and meaning of the word (S, K) 71Te serpent gathered the latter ease like l.oa..l as pl. of '~U,] and ($ say, £Jl 19..Y]: or the 3.. ii so called because of the it,sef toyethir, and wound, or coiled, itxelJ; cxllains it as signifying .eUI . [app. meaning length of its life (yt. JQL). (~. [8See the (TA;) whence, as some say, the word La: the s,nall guts, or intestines, in which originate next art.)) (K:) and in likc manner one says of the intes- the lacteals]. (TA.)_-Also sing. of tja. sig. Sec also 2, in two places. tines. (Is.) nifying 1Vinding exrcavations or hollowns, which I ,r ; see art. _. the rainfills, and in owhich it remains a long time 6: see 1. becauxe the soil at the bottom thereof is cohesire ife . 5_ 8: see 1, in fonr pllaces. z and hard, retaining the water: the Arabs call ]: see ; [alPp. kS£ LS.made a small n utering-trough, or tank, for.his them [also] Atl, likening them to the l2.21 of camels. (TA.) [or the belly: accord. to AA, the pl. signifies i. q. ';.; ,jI A land abounding withA :. also as serpents; earth containing collecting or Iy (TA:) m,ade , serpents]: of [pl. The e1h (K,) , or 5i_; (Az, ID, TA,) haring, or asuming, a round, or eirciatr, or anil stones ulpon smooth and hard rock, to confine si.... (Ibn-Es-Sarrij, . in art. 0..) coiled,form; or roundness or circnlarity [or the theri,'ly reater: accord. to ID, on the authority . (M,b.) pass. part. n. of u$. Jtateof being roiled] ; of anything; (Az, K, TA;) of I Kh, icells thst are dug in the district of Kelb, as, for instance, of a serpent; (Az, Iii, TA ;) and in hard groundl, whereby is confined the water of -- : se :et.· of certain asterisms, which appear regularly dis* the torrents, wthich they drinh throughout the posed in a round, or circular, form. (Az, TA.) /cear: accord. to Nasr, a certain construction . [app. ui$° ]: see $iS... wcith mases qf roirh in theformn of a pool, on the [See 8.] vway to ]t-.Te'/libeeyeh, near Ood: accord. to :T.. A place that com.prrises, comprehends, or I Sd, the sing. signifies a smooth and hard rock or O and j u,.: coniains, a thing: for instance, the belly [or irhieh is sroundtled with stones and earth, in (i, 1,) (, Mgb, Myb, $,) and ., 1. o? womb] of the mother is a J^ to thc child [or ,vhich toater collects. (TA.) - Also A [garment i,) [like (Fr, common, more is the latter which (;f fcetus]. (TA.) - A collection of tent# or stuffed [writh A of the lind rolled] ,.J, (Fr,) ,/ and t., t ,,, originally J63;,] dual r5,_: (K :) or a collec- the like], nwhich is wound round the hump of the near togethler; as also V ofpeople,rnade of cameltfur: canmel; (., .K ;*) i. q. a".., except that theformer pi. I., (Fr, 8,) like Ij. , (~,) and le~., (Fr, tion of tents (;A) !ef) ofpeople, at *t is onlyfor camnels, and ithe latter is tometimesfor ,) as some say, ($,) aor. e.., ($, Mqb, ],) and or a collection of tents ( water: (TA:) pt. aq~t: (S,TA:) and V originally jlL,] oc(Fr, K,) [like J, other aniotal: pl. Cla.: (S:) a subst. from 2 I.5~, signify a in the last of the senses assigned to it above: curring in poetry, but improper, and disallowed by j] and V~S. [app. j 5 [app. of a tribe are col- (IAth:) [the same is app. meant by what here thi BDarees, (Fr,) iif. n. e [q. v. infrk], (Il, place in which the tents (jj") lected together: (Lth, TA :) the last is of the dial. follows:] a cert;ain thing that is preparedfora Mgh, M.sb,) or tea., (1],) and j./ and l, of El-Yemen, where it is applied to *i fer small woman to ridle upon. (TA. [But it was also (IB,) which last has an intensive signification, tents collected together in a trnct, or region, of used by men.]) 'Omeyr Ibn-Wahb El-Jumahee like its contr. IC;., (M:b,) He, or it, lired; fruitful, or produectire, Innel: (TA:) anvd its pl. said, on the dlay of Bcdr, when he computed the or nwas, or became, in the state termed *.., ext .. [or, more probably, 3t_?; with the numiber of the companions of the Prophet, J.1i plained below. ($, 1I.) [The inf. n. o1s. (q. v. is Lqj5 article, Lq.gt-Jf. (Lth,TA.) A tent o!f [ygats'] I. [meaning I sotn the 1.. with infrt) suggests the supposition that '.gs .:1I_1 may be hair, and of [camels'] fur, of the Aralbs of tlii the men of courage upon theM.]: (S:) [for] originMally '..; hut I find no authority for thlis dert. (KL.) ;,: [sing. of IJU.] means t " a man of courage supl)position; nnd if it be the case, this verb preseits the only instance of a root of which the 5a. Posesing, after deserriiig, or after be- upon his saddle." (TA.) inmedial radical letter is g and the final .] ivatering. xstall A K.) (1A;r, coming entitled. . [a dim. of t.-]: see what next follows. · Ily., said of a people, or company of men, t They trough, or tank, (Ii, TA,) nbhich a mnn inahesfor were, or becamne, in good condition: (AA, :) or (;lc-) serpents collects n'ho m,an A . j J;, : (TA.) [Sce alsc his camel; called also tnu. and so )tI.: [whiicl latter, vulgarvly pronounced t/ey were, or berame,fat, by havring the means ot the next paragraph.] Jlj [after leanness]. (AZ. [See r- 51, is also now applied to a serpent-charmer; ubsistence, windiang, or Also A say also, ;W _ , inf. n. : asee d L^. h 4.])_-You also and a juggler i,ho perfuorms rarUions tricks with circling, or coiled, gut or intestine; and s and lm-, t[TIe fire naJ, or became, alire, or (1t :) [also called serpents J.c. :] (1. in art. h.-:) or tbe latter, 'Ct §ate and t.L_.: .t4. (AHn.)_ (S in that art.,) or both, (T in that art.,) an burning,] like as you say, as um or the [kind of gut, or intestine, ter.nedo] owner of serpents; (T, 8;) and so kt.: (T:) t.QtI Le- tTne road, or ray, was, or became, li (TA.)_ [lIence,] apparent, or di,tinct. (K.) One says, U f the heneep or goat; as alcw the pl. of l.s. is ol.. h iiin JWJAI iM t [When the road, or way, tand oa t tl ?1 ..: (lAr:) Lan i,, t The cot,stelations Serpentarius *, ' L,aJ1 I a'1l1 or distinct, to thee, take to the apparent, becomes t*4? G all signify the same: ) and Serpes. (Izw.) and *91 ,., aor. , and right]. (TA.).-theip. isId .; (S ;) or this is the pl. of .: see what next precedes. inf. n. 1".: see 10, in two plaes. signifying the a.I [or intestines into which thu 9. see 1: a ,.. in three places. f 1-.: see food pae from tAe stomach]; and the pl. oA I

together]. (Lh, TA.)-L_ow





2. 1 , inf. n. 4.3J, (Mgh, Myb, .,) in its [simply] Ae remained awahe during the night. 9on aceount of it, or ashamed to do it, or hy of primary sense, i. q. ttls.t. (Mgh.) You gay, (W p. 9.) And Z1) tl.Il He pased his night doing ddng it; [generally meaning a foul thing;] Ae was asamwedfor himeelf, or of himelf, or was bashAbl .1, (l., 9,) meaning May God presme awahe. (MA.),- ~J31I I. The shecamel had was fid, or shy, with respect to it, or irn; h swa thee alivy; prolong thy life; or mahe thee to eon- licing of0sprin; (, ;) her offspring seldom, fid, abashed at, or shy of, it, or him; (];) he shrank or never, died (g.)-__*. l l.l The people, or abashed tfue in life; syn. jiil; (Fr, Selemeh Ibn- . fmm it, or him: (Msb, :e) and company of men, Aad their cattle living: (V:) from '~ U .;r.. 'Aim, ] ;) u abso t?J.l; (Selemeh Ibn-'Aim, ti.b [or k~.twt] He disdained, or scorned, such or Aad their cattle in good condition: (AA, , t,ib TA;) or 4Jj: (Aboo-'Othm&n El-Mazinee :) or had rain, so that thir beats obtained a thing; abstained from it, or refused to do it, Mgh, TA :) or may God save thee; or make thee herbage to sch a degree that they became fat: by reaon of disdain and pride; he didliked, or to be free from eil, or harm, or the like: (Fr, hated, it, and his soul was abors it; he shunned (AZ:) or they (themselves) became in a state hated, TA:) or may God make thee to hlave dominion: it, aoid~ it, or kept himsel far f'om it; syn. of abundance of herbage, or plenty. ($, V. [See it, (Fr, , ] :) or moy God honour thee, and benefit also 1.]) . jiAi. (TA.) thee. (Uam. p. 489.) And JQ .9.0 [ex5. .. Q.. t He A,rano from it: taken from plained in art. ,]. (TA.) And i;. a verbal noun, (., M, Mgh, TA,) and dr 1. 5. , therefore immediately followed by isk, (M,TA,) [May God preserve thyface: see t...]. (yam ;c.Jl [or ;lJI]; because it is of the nature of therefore used as an imperative [addressed to a single p. 23.)_-Also He said to him i1 Jk., explained the living to shrink: or it is originally 5s'; person, male or female, and to more than one]; above: (Mgh :) originally, he prayedfor his life: the a being changed into US; or [in other words] person, (g;) ( ;) used in calling, or summoning, or inviting, and then, he p~rayedforhim, absolutely: (Mqb:) from ,.Jt "the act of collecting," [inf. n. of and urging; (Lth, T, TA;) and having no verb he saluted him; (V, TA;) and so ie_3 ta. ,*l .,] like j,3 from ji_.JI. (TA.) [See derived from it [alone, for j;'. is derived from I,pl: (L4, TA:) as used in the language of also 10.] a LO, _ and s. toggether]; (Lth, T, Myb, TA;) the law, he maid to him, j4.;k.. (Msb.).&c.:) [8. t.; as quasi-pass. of 3, He quicened, meaning Come: (S, M, Mgli, Mob,, TA,TA, [See also 1.a_, below.] _ & 1;. [in the enlivened, or rtvived, Aly: or hasten. (Mgh,TA.) Hence, himself. See an ei. voce or come quickly: a CV (erroneously) t ] He aplroached ;'j.1 6 I . 0a (in the Oilji, TA) Come to prayer: (I]t, S, M, Msb, lg:) or come ye to prayer: (the age of ] if7y. (IAr, V, TA.) 10. &k.uI He spared him; let him live; or prayer: praygr: or come ye quickly: orhasten ye. (TA.) L.:.. . and ~ [I wrote a beautifful ] a' left him alive; (S, Mqb, ], TA;) did not slay And E i11 UL .s [in the same: see art. (TA in 4 ;l .Ul " ,I.) him; (Msb;) in which sense the verb has but k]·. (Mgh, TA.) And 0 I,Jil i. [Coo m one form: (Mqb, TA:) or he left him; let him emi. 3. jl _., (inf. n. t_, TA,) i. q to the morning-meal]: and ,I:.Ul ,I [to the alone; orforbore from him. (Mgh.) Hence, V't 1 [i. . t I gave life to, enlivened, or eming-meall: (Mb :) and .?iJ L a [(to' the es o. A il eming-meal]: revived, the fire] by blowing. (].) [See also 2 as some say, (11,) .. ,, cp.umbled crumbled bread moistened with broth]: (S:) in art. ,,J; where a similar meaning is assigned ~L;, (,, 9,) in the ]ur [ii. 24], i. e. k , and j*w.JI U, [(to good, goodfortune, prosperity, to the former verb; but perhaps it is there a [meaning Verily God will not spare to propound, and msnistranseription.] &lQ".; also signifies Nourish- or refrain from propoundinj, a parable, or as a &c.]. (Lth, T, TA.) The saying of Ibn-A!mar, t;ii went (,.. [which is properly speaking a subst., parabkc]. (S.) [Hence, abo] 0 j -e ; I * JUAi, l L91b, a ibut seems to be here used as an inf. n.,]) for, or s 1.. ;La J- ! rt 2: q j i.e. [YVrily means Keep thou to the loads [for the riders of, a child, (K, TA,) with that whereby is his God] forbe;rsfrom punishing upon the camncl have gone]. (TA.) - In the [the hoary M,u- upon a li.;fe, or, as in the M, because thereby is his life. lim]. (Er-Raghib.) phmse jl", and *i k' -[U l, or I...,l, which phrase followed by s (TA.) a. latter is the more proper mode of writing it, also I 114 i& and .i&j1, and j Le., (;,) which 4. :.l, (;, Myb, p, ce.,) inf. n. : ,(TA,) signifies He felt, or had a sene of, or he was, last is used in a case of pausation, but is bad in said of God, (,, Mqb,) He made him alive, to or became, moed or affected with, shame, shy- other cases, (S in art. J,) and >ja a, and lire, or b a living being; quickened, endued with nces, or bashfulness; and particularly, but not Jn., [so in the copies of the j,] with the e life, vivified, [revivifed, revived, or remscitated,,] always, honest shame, or pudency, or modesty; e quieemnt, quiescent, (1.,) and a* a . lapp. 'JO , him. (.,* M9b, .) Hence, in the ~ur [lxxv. or his soul shrank from foul things; as also t-!; ' and d 'n forO ' perliaps , ;a, inf. or n. perhaps .. a ] mistransription tl. is for last vce], ". J.PJ 1 ot-i U o k.--.l-. '. s JLSk ou,r JJJ3 hp-ell, .s_1, with a ,) [the most common rendering (8, TA,) i. e. IJ not Tlhat Doer of these things of the dial. of Ei-Hijaz; and k.~u '_], (TA,) single U., is of the dial. of Temeem; (Akh,S, (Jel) [able to quickean the dead?]. _- See also 2, is of ,& .uI&c. is like that of ,._ alone, namely, in two places..._ t ]e (God) endued him with Mb ;) the former being the original, (Akh, .,) Come: or] t.~ signifies hasten thou; and [^s tie intlectual faculty: as in the saying, in and that which is used in the l[ur: (Mb :) in the or] 'j., come to it, or reach it; [so that the latter, the first j5 [of the original] is suppressed, the 5ur [vi. 122], oi;; ,it ;sL5 [and its vowel is transferred to the :,] to facilitate meaning is hasten thou: come to such a thing :] t [And is he who was intellectually dead and signifies come; and [>( or] 3*s, quickly the pronunciation, because of the occurrence of or j whom e Aa enw dued with the intellectual or (1'), ,or be thou quick; [so that the meaning facdty . . . ?]. (Er-Righib.)_ 8See also 3. the two g.s together: this is the opinion of Sb; in and with it agrees that of Aboo-'Othmain [El- is come quickly to such a thing:] or [,, or] ..-.. j t I.I t He (God) revived the earth, or MNzinee]: the opinion ascribed to Sb in the S, '9& 'is signifies be thou quiet; and the meaning land, by the rain, so as to produce in it plants, namely, that ;1 is changed from , i is #;;aLd 1 j.. j$.eI, ;,b) Ms Si,te1 ,t.1 [Speed pt - .5 or rbage. (TA.) And ; c,fl I 1 tThe in like manner as -u ; .i. is changed from thou at the mention thereof, and be quiet land as tilled, and made productiive. (AgIn.) ;-,1~I, is that of Kh, and is disallowed by until it is finished]. (].) Accord. to Abu-luntil And Ij.J! ls.1 I He turned to me the unowned El-M6ainee. (IB.) You say, ;a L.j Sil .. , (S, Khatgb, Khattb, the Arab umed to say, i L".uiI ,' and umsed and uncultivated land by walling it V, [in the Cg, erroneously, ;e,]) or t.. . meaning I, Come thou to prayer. (TA.) And one round or so~ing it or building upon it and the like. ,A (., says, says ;iy. j u., (IA#r, and o in the CV,) (TA.) - Also t He (a man) found the land to (Mgh, Mb,) and &_L..&l, and l,l, be fruitfl, or abundant in herbage, (?, V,) witA Msb, ], TA,) and 1tm..L.; (TA, [and so in the and O, * ,," (IAyr, and so in MS. oopies a ;]) as asg.,! also &;.. . , of the [,) and I fresh herbage. (V.) ji e-m1 t He passd CV in the place of JA j. u, meaning Hasten the nighAt in religious srvice, worship, adoration, (8, Mgh, Myb, l,) nor. w, (8,) inf. thou with such a one: (IAyr:) or keep thu to chA n. .; or devotion, abltainingfrom le: (TA:) or (8, Mgh, M{b, 1;) He was arlamecd of it or a one, and caU him. (V.) It is sid in a trad.,


[BooK I.





Boox I.]


[A tribe] of the Arabs: ( :) the because of the sharpne of its sight: and rewrongul in conduct than a [ (m , (TA,) i.e. [When the good, children, or descendants,of onefather or ancestor, 4 . J&,) o compriing and a a or fero: it oomes to the burrow of the many owhetAer t]; beamue ep d, the,"] kep thm to or righteou, ar m , and eats its young one, and 'Omar, and call 'Omar, (. ubi supri, and TA,) J3ii: (Az,TA:) or a i4 of the Arab: (Mb :) [lird called] and begsin with him, and be quick in mentiosing or a .;>L of the CI oi the Arab: (1, TA:) takes up its abode in its burow. (TA.) And him; (TA;) for he is of such. (. ubi supra.) pl. :t..1. (., Myb, 1.)_ The rulva, or ex~rnal give Mim to drink God6 3;(Ma [ ZJlj; Accord. to some of the grammarians, (TA,) when portion of the organs of genration, of a woman. the blood of the e~rptl; i. e., destroy his you say , U with tenween, it is as though rpet [he T 4 1t j is also (TA.) And t i.. (Az, I. Bee also ~.., of which you said iL; and without tenween, it is as era little am forth anything applied by does not bring aid to be a pl.) Henoe, ,Jl ,, though you said .,1.JI;the tenween being made of a pent]: a prov. applied to the ounning and misan Arab of the desert to TIe paraphernalia a sign of indeterminateness; and the omission ej;i mea. " t , chievous, or malignm t. (TA.) And .)_ of it, a sign of determinateness: and so it is bride. (Az, TA jl or ,; 1 t uc a ou or or l, in all compounds of this kind. (15.) [See also (Ks, ],*) i. e. [There is no forbiddance of him; or malignant, (IAr, aod ihow, is cunning art.J] or] nothing is forbidden him. (Fr.)~ J degree: (IAqr:) the utmost in and intelligent, V,) 8. 1 ;" ', JI He kno,ws not, or vill not k,nom, . Living, having l/fe, alive, or quick; contr. such a oe is meanm m u)J t (or] SJl$3l or [;. 'A]; (., Mghb,* Mb,* ;) and what is true fro mAwhat is false; (IApr, K, gar strong in resiting, a dfendr of his pos ions. of atora. tOf (TA:) or the > ,jt: ,JI p. 236;) and so uas meaning having [ l i is also an appellation (TA.) And St?l ,c W is oyn. with the tisting of c,] from min g gut, a., [or TA;) beeause of his TA lion; (1, applied to t animal l/ift]: (ID:) dim. of the former t the rope: (1:) or overt speech from covert: or cunning, or cramftines. (TA.) One says also, (Mb:) and pl. *i . (MNb,l.) When you the living from th dead: or th act of turning , meaning tTAy are cnning, wi'l . ,.Z, you mean that he say of a person, , round, or winding, [see 01,. (in art. k^.',) guileful, malignant, or micAhiesow, and strong, ,, is dead: (L b:) but t.. of which ua is an inf. n.,] from the act of not neglbting to take bbod-rn~g: so in a (Lb, ,) [in the C] 4., and] in (some of] twisting. (gar ubi suprL) _ The act of collect- saying of Dhu-l-Iba' El-'Adwhn cited voce ,, (TA,) ing. (TA. [But in this and some other senses it is .,L.. (TA.) And the copies of the 1g, erroneously, TAb tSucA i (,TA) . mes [He was strutk a blow] in cotsequence an inf. n. of .. : see 1 in art. $."]) .ti a one is courago and strong. (TA.) And of which he will not live: (Lh, g:*) like as the as pl. of' i: see art. 1a. w ; acute, .- ' '" bit He is clr, or ingnio means Thou i * *.aLWaU l,i >L ^t. u And (TA.) intlligent. or sharp; see etl, of which it is said to be a syn.: wilt be sick if thou cat such a thing. (Lb, ].) .;A. t I saw in his letter danders, or 41U; and and of which it is also said to be a pl.: Accord. to ISh, one says, j. t._ UIUI, meanto th ruling power, in order addressed cahlunies, a pl. see :a, of which, also, it is said to be ing Such a on cae to w in hil life [-time]: to cause the object thereof to fall into embarrau#. Qau., meaning I je) and l a*. [A ~erpnt;] a certain thing eU known: mentfrom which escape od be di.t~. (TA.) heard such a one wsy thus in his l;fe [-time]: (1g, TA:) [improperly explained in the Msb ,-ia Jl is also a name of t [e constellation ·*1[ (TA:) [or the former may mean Such a one as syn. with .oai :] applied to the male and the Draco; commonly called jl i;] certai stars hisfel canme to us: and the latter, I heard such female; (S, Mb ;) the a being added to denote [or .8 and r of Urs [partly] betaen thae Ql,iai a one himlf may thus: for] k_ [i.e. ~. as one of a kind, as in ii: and 4 .t;; [although [meaning tAe dars in the Z.1 Minor] and .a; a prefixed noun] is sometimes redundant, like as a coll gen. n.; and] although tail of Ursa ffajor]: (1 :) so alled by way of used . is not A (5~m p. 308:) [andl] IB says that Ji nd): mZd, t meaning tI comparison. (TA.) - And 4 aiso signifies 'l. the saying % t.PU meams Such a one himslf. (TA.) saw] a male [serpent] upon a female [serpent], t A certain marh made with a hot iron upon C5, i.e. How And they say, JU; 'P'A is related as having been heard from the Arabs: th neck, and upon the thigh, of a camdl, t~sting, art thom, and thos remaining alive of thy [properly o caled]. (Ibnis also applied to the male; or winding, like the family? (TA.)-. Applied to God, Deathleu. (S:) but ' the for being auymentative; the ;. , ;) (Az, al gabeeb, TA.)m See also (Er-Bhghib. )-. Ponm~thefarulty of growth,


,i ji


($ in art sentence.




m an animadl, and as a plant: (Er-RlAghib:) and, applied to a plant, freh,juicy, or succul~t, and groming tall. (TA.) - [Sensitively alive;] powi~g the faculty of uamtion. (Er-Rhghib.) aUy alive;] possessing thefaculty of -[.In~ct (Er-Rhghib.) [Hence,] tA Muslim; i~ct. means an unbeliever. (TA.).-tLively, like as u meaningrwfromgriefor sorrow. (Er-Rhghib.) ound, or unbroken. (L and TA -tWhob, in art.~d.).-ao. *~# bb1 tFruitful land; or _a in art.. land abounding miath herbage; (g, TA;) like means unfruitful land. (TA.) l;;rj1 .1... b,,tJI T7 nm is, or was, of a clkarcolour, ltmdm~ by approaching the place of setting; s though its setting were regarded as death: (TA :) or still bright and white: or still hot and pm rfl: but the former of these two meanings

word is originally je [ or j..]: (Az, TA:) it is said that it does not die unless by an accident: , and they say of a long-lived man, ;. and in like [tHe is none other than a ~erpent] manner they say of a woman; u though it were called 4. because of its long life: [for] some, including 8b, say that it is derived from $t., as


Rain; (8,Myb, V;) as also t4i.: (i:)


or much rain: (1ar p. 185:) as being the means
of giving life to the earth: (TA:) and tplety;

or abundance of herbage, ($, J,) and the meam
ofgiving life to the earth and to men; as being (TA:) or caused by the rain; and so ti.: [simply] herbage; because produced by the rin: and fat, and fatnes; because produced by the

the rel. n. is 5.,


and to him who ajj.:

objects that one says im 3'j [meaning "a man and pL f (i... (TA.) .! 1. means The rain who collects serpents"], it is replied that 0, [caUld d.O, or of the sason tahu called,] that See also the next and C1C. are of different roots, like JjiY and J', gieJs lif to th crth. (TA.) paragraph. of its .¢3,sbecause &c.: but it may be from winding, or coiling, itself; and some say that afi n inf.n. of e in the first of the senses it is originally aOe; some, that it is originally explained in this art. (i.) - [Hence,] y. with ;..:

herbage: (yam p. 662:) dual. QCI~;: ( :)

:] the pL is Ie, in two senses: ee the next preceding para(TA:) [the dim. is V (80 graph, in two places. .Aso inf. n. of (O) and ,j , (],TA,) or ..Al.. as U, in some copies of the V [agreeably with the dial. syn. with i. q.. ];) &uo ; (.8, Mgh, Myb, . jp 'J-, tAn appar~t, or a ditinct, road or way: of Hudheyl].) Hence the prov. 4_ Ahgof shame; mns a (W;) Shame; ~sp t]; than a sharp-~ghted is mor [He not but particularly, [and ss, or basfitlns; .- first See also (TA.)(,:) pl. 1il. ;t [ is the more probable (Mgh.) - I"_.;U e , lie, or hburning, fire. (AUn.) 01,



fi. l;

Bk. I.


682 always, Aonst shame, or pudeney, or modesty;] syn. 1J~ ; (i;) a ,hinkingof the soul from foul conduct, (Bd in ii. 24, and Er-R6ghib,) through fear of blame; (B4 ibid.;) a langwor that affects the animal faculty, (Bd ibid, and Mgh,) and tsur' it ba/rom its actions: (Bd:) and rs~petance; syn. Aj. (t.) - And hence, as being a thing that should be concealed, and of which one is ashamed to speak plainly, (TA,) The mulva, or externalportion oJ thefemale organs of generation, ( EI-Farabee, Mqb, ], or.._, [which here means the same,] $,) of a camel, (El-Fsrsbee, 1, M,b, 9,) or an animal having feet like those of the camel, and of a cloven-hoofed animal, and of a beat of prey: (] :) accord. to AZ, the ;; [here meaning the same au A'] of any of these and of other animals: (Myb:) accord. to IAr, it is of the ewe or she-goat, the cow, and the gazelle: (ISd, TA:) and [sometimes] the p of a girl, (EI-FArAbee, Mqb,) or of a woman: (Zj in his "Khal ] el-Insan :" [see a. also a :]) and t ,._ signifies the same; (] ;) but accord. to Az, this is not allowable except in poetry, in a case of necessity: (TA:) pl. 'l 1

[Boox I. water of] wthich touche nothing but it lives, by o-Jl, accord. perminsionof God. (TA.) iI.i to I 'Ab, explaining xvi. 99 of the lur, (TA,) means Laowful means of sbsistence (8, TA) in the present world: (TA:) or Paradise. (], TA.) -Also tAdvantage, or profit; or a cause, or means, thereof: whence the saying, ~ i1 s;1. There is not, in such a one, profit, nor good: and so it is said to mean in the ]ur [ii. 175], ;~- .e'llJt ~. jj t[And ther is to you, in retaliation,an advantage]: (TA:) or this means that the knowledge of the law of retaliation restrains from slaughter, and so is a cause of life to two persons; and because they used to slay one who was not the slayer, retaliation upon the slayer is a cause of saving the lives of the rest: or the meaning is life in the world to come; for when the slayer has suffered retaliation in the present world, he is not punished for his act in the world to come. (Bd.) _, l Atle means tThe remaining of the light and whiteness of the sun: or the remaining Of its heat and powner: but the former of these two meanings is the more probable. (Mgh. [See A ,.Jl, l. voce ... ])

.; (Sb, g, TA;) the j which is the final radical letter being changed into j because the occurrence of two js together is disliked: (8b, TA:) Aboo-'Othmin [EI-M4sinee] holds the j to be a radical letter; but his opinion is said to be not admissible, because it is aserted that there is no instance in the language of a word of which the medial radical is ., and the final . (TA.)
jI1". [Of, or relating to, an animalor animals].-It is [also] particularly applied to A stUer of birds. (TA.)

originally is(

[;Ilem. Animality; or animal *ature.]
. A. c..

;js.e: see ik.. 51t., of the measure

st4, [said to be] ori-

ginally l., is syn. with ,t1. and ,1* , belonging to art. LS. [q. v.]. (Az: TA.) a 1 3.1i .k' ' u.l and .O.1 and s_: see art.

_1,.: see art.


t..l in the saying X u04. . ; [More long. .: see dthe next preceding pa- lived than a ,,,, a kind of lizard, which is supcontraction, *., posed to live seven hundred years,] is from *JI. be preferable, (TA,) and [quasi-pl. n.] and e ; [Mor H aring ot. [i. e. shame, shyneu, bash- (TA.) - In the sayings ' '5. [which two have been mistaken by Freytag fulneu, pudency, or m:odesty]; (v ;) part. n. of shy, or bashful, than the bride] and o; for syns. of As,3, immediately following them in '. as syn. with g,.-l; of the measurce : ,.*. [More shy, or bashful, than a girl kept the ]]. (Sb,*.) (Msb:) fern. a e (TA.) The saying of I 'Ab, behind the curtain] it is from .IJl. (TA.)

(AZ, IJ, g) and a,.i (A, Sb, 1, O) and, by

;~ and (Sb, IB, TA,) which is said to ragraph.

(., or f s, (as in different copies of thel], in the latter manner in copies of the S,) written with · in the lur, to show that j follows j. in the pl. [,. like .;41], or because the sound of the I is inclined towards that of , (ISd, TA,) and t ;., with sukoon to the · , (]5,) which is substituted for the 1 of e., as is done by the people of El-Yemen in the case of every I that is changed from · , as in ~ and ]h, though the final radical letter of the verb of tm. is , (TA,) an inf. n. of . in the first of the sense explained in this art.; (TB, Mgb, Mqb;) Life; contr. of (S, ];) X; as also ' Iem.. and

.s. X;, means God is one who acts with others : sec the next paragraph. in the manner of him who has le_; for os. in its proper sense is not ascribable to lIim: (Mgh:) i.4.JI The two stars in the foot and before or one who leaves undone eil deeds, and does good thefoot of the foremost of Gemini: (lzw:) or deeds. (Er-RaIghib.) three stars over against a.;JI [which is the Sixth Mansion of the Mloon]; (IIt,.K;) and some: see s., of which it is the dim. times the moon deviates from 3a;jI, and makes te.e.: see As, (of which it is the dim.,) in its abode in &.stJl: (I]t:) they are betwe two places. - And dim. of 1., q. v. in art. . the AMilky Way and the start that follow jmwl (Lth, TA in 't)JAI 'd)! .'1,.) [or Capella]: Aboo-Ziyad EI-KilAbee used to my a .that this name means 1aa;JI, and is also pronounced ~._ea. [Of, or relating to, the erpent;] rel. n. j.t1J, with .: but AHn says that the moon of aes.. (S.)m [And rel. n. of s.: see t . in makes its abode in these stars, and not in a;nJI t ~., (],) or this last is asserted to be a pl. of art. ;..] itself: (TA:) its sing. is V 3%.J; (11t,Ahin, TA ;) if so, of the measure a.3, like .1.i3,not , an inf. n. of L,"/, like ., (IB,) but ;~., (S,) and as also 'G ., (s,* lar pp. 25 and 350,) of which the pl. is .,: (p:) ;w having an intensive signification: (Mqb:) see e'~,, like ;t4., because there is no such root as signifies the faculty of growth, as in an animal, ;e., in two places. - See also [here , first sen- Ls_.; derived from ts.JI, because its meaning its auroral setting, in midwinter,] is atand in a plant: and the faculty of sensation: tence. -Also Any thing, or thingjs, possessing ., with ., is and tthefaculty of intellect: and tfreedomfrom animal life, (Myb, 1,*) whether rational or ir- tended with much rain: but ·3 . grief or wrro: and eerlasting life in the world likened to a word rational; [an animal, and animas;] used alike irreg.; as thouigh pl. of *t~ to come; to which one attains by that 3;S. which of the measure a.A. (lB.) as sing. and pL, because originally an inf. n.; is intelligence and knowledge: and the ;tl. that (M,b;) contr. of X,1; [q. v.]. (?.) [?..s is an attribute of God. (Er-RAghib.) ~ 'aIa inf. n. of 2. (Mgh, M,b, g.) - Also is used as its p1. of pauc. And hence,] £t~le,J! A salutation, or greeting, (A'Obeyd, AHeyth, , ~.J, in the gur [lxxxix. 25], means A:,JI [Thefiveanimals] is applied to what may Mgh, Msb,) pronouncedby one person to anotAher [O, mould that I had prepared, or laid up in be killed by a person in the state of.sl, and on their meeting; (AHeyth;) particularly the store,] for my everrlasting state of existene. (Erby one engaged in prayer: (Msb in art. j :) saying a. ;ej~ .; (Mgh,' M9 b ;) and the like; Righib.) And V l' ~. . J.-1 ;111 ' , these are the rat,or mouse, and the bitinj dog, and (Mgh;) the most comprehensive form thereof, in the l[ur [xxix. 64], means [And oerily the lat used by the believer [to his fellow-believer], being abode is] the abode of everlating lifSe: (TA:) or either the serpent, tha crow ternmed l, and the d i, /.; ,4: kite, or the mlnt, the scorpion, and the kite, or the saying ~35 X Is.JI here means the life that wiU not befollowed by d~ath: or much life; like as . the serpent, the wcorpion, and the crorw, or the (AHeyth:) hence it is pluralized; the pl. being . and lQQ.. (Mgh.) - Also Continuanc, signifies much death: (Mb :) and it is also the scorpion, the crow, and the kite. (E~sSuyootee, i It is or endurance; or ~ , or 'yrla sting, ecitentw: name of a ecrtain f utain in Paradie, [the in "El-Jimni' es-agheer," vooe -.*.) 9 1


Boox I.]

.j - d,~"

m83 ".l may be rendered by I1;, and so may govern the accu. case. (Mughnee.) Accord. to rule, (Mughnee,) in every instance, (i,Mughnee,) it is prefixed to a proposition, ($, Mgb, Mughnee,) nominal, or verbal, but in most cases the latter; (Mughnee ;) as in * .&j i j 1 [I will stand cwhere Zeyd shall stand]; and .i 4 ,;pfl [Where thou shalt be, I will be]; ($;) and

act. part. n. of 9; fem. X_: (S, (lAy, Mqb, X, &c.:) and so it is said to mean in the following verse of Zuheyr Ibn-Jcnub El- TA:) for in every noun in which three U$s occur Kelbee; who wu a [kind of] king among his together, [the last of them being the final radical, and ending the word,] if it is not formed from a people: verb, the final radical letter is elided from it, as in ; the dim. of ,;l, and in 1 the dim. of [And ind~ed ero~thing that the young man has gS_;.: but if it is formed from a verb, that letter attained, I have attained it, except endless xistenee]: or, as some say, it here means security remains, as in uh. from U.s. (a.) from death and from erils. (TA. [But more tk li.ql i. q. , i. e. A land containin probably the meaning is that next following: for wrlnmts: (Ibn-Es-Sarr.j, S :) or abounding witr in the Mz, 49th p, where this verse is cited, but serpents. (TA in art..S^' ) with .j '~ in the place of $j., he is said to uby Iy Death. (TA, Har p. 218.) have been (not a king, but,) "a nobleman." See also, respecting him, p. x. of my Preface.]) And SDominion, or kingshiip: (Fr, AA, S, Mgh, lsb, c, .a :) because the people of the Time of Igno*~._, (S, Mob, Muglnee, K,) indecl., (S, Mfb,) ranoe used to greet kings [or rather those of with dainm for its termination, (S, Mfb, MughRimyer] by the saying 'L> 2 ', which they uce,) as being likened to final words [such as nddressed to none other than a king; so that when any one of them became a king, it was said of j.' and . ending a proposition], (S, Mughnee,) because it does not [regularly] occur otherwise him, 14 jl ;j. [meaning t Such a one has than prefixed to a proposition, (S,) for the being attained the kingship]. (Mgh: in which, and in prefixed to a proposition is like the not being prethe ~I,the foregoing verse is cited as an ex. of this fixed to anything, as the consequence of being last meaning.) -means Endless ex- prcfixed, which is the sign of the gen. case, is not istence belongs to God: (Lth, Mab, TA:) or apparent: (Mughnee :) and ._, (S, Mughnee, dominion, or kingship: (Lth, Yaakool,, S, Msb, .K,) also indecel., (S,) with fet-b, (S, Mughnee,) TA:) or freedom, or security, from all evils, to render the pronunciation more easy, (Mughnee,) (Khblid Ibn.Yezeed, AlIcyth,) and from all because damm with t. is deemed difficult to procauses of the cesation of existence: (AHeyth:) nounce: (S :) and 4m-, (Mughnee, ]p,) with or endless e~istence, and security from evils, and kesr, accord. to the general rule observed to dominion, and tih like: (Fr:) or the expressions prevent the concurrence of two quiescent letters: [of prais] that indicate and imply the ascription (Muglhlee:) and in like manner, ,4_. and 'm of dominion and enlless exiJstenef: (Kt :) or salu": (Mughnee, TA:) of which forms, tations and benedictions are Gobds, and at his and .±.i is asserted to be the original; (L;) though diepoal. (Mgh.) [..,.JI is also a term ap_ is more chaste than t._,, and is the form plied to the following form of words repeated in used in the Kur-in: (Az and TA in art. "t^ :) the ordinary prayers: it.' j t; Ah;,e.'I but some of the Arabs make Zm. decl.: (Mughnec :) it is an adverbial noun of place, (S, Msb,) a vague adverbial noun of place, (L,) [signifying *. l 4| ir w3 1Aht d lelre,] like e~ with respect to time: (9, V:) or it is a denotative of place, by general consent: ~..Jj, or (instead of ,.J, .. c) iil O : see but accord(l. to Akh it sometimes occurs as de5 in art. .Z.] _ The assigning to thlis word, as noting time, [sign ifying when,] as in the following used in the ]~ur iv. 88, the meaning of A gift is verse, (Mughnee, TA,) which is the strongest evidence of its use in this sense: (TA:) a mistake. (Mgh.) Sec also l& 7l. see of life. (TA.)

I;t l,Zj 4


[I sat rhere I a Z&yd],

the accus. case being preferred in an instance like this; (Mughnee;) and .;. il t[o [ G thou ewhither thou wilt.] l(Mb in art. OP'.) You

should not say ,j


[alone]: (a:) or it oc-

cur prefixed to a single word in poetry; (Mqb, Mughnee;) as in the saying,

[And me pierce them beneath the kidne*js, after smiting them, mith the sharp snords, whAer the turbans are wound]; (Mughnee;) but this is irregular; (Myb, Mughnee;) though Ks holds it to be regular. (Mughnee.) Ll! relates, on the authority of Ks, that some make t. to govern a noun in the gen. case, as in the saying,

[Sent thou not where Canop:s is, rising?]: but he says that this is not of respectable authority: (L:) some write Jo . .: and some, e Je.', [which is the common reading, Jg~ being an inchoative, and] the enunciative, ;> , being suppressed. (Mughnee.) Abu-l-Fet-h says that he who prefixes _ to a single word makes it declinable. (Mughnee.) [Accord. to Fei,] BenooTemeem say .e. when it occupies the place of an accus., as in the phrase, . , . [Stand thou where Zeyd shall stand]. (Msb.) Ks says, I have heard among Benoo-Temeem, of

Benoo-Yarboo, and Tuheiych, those who say
_ in every case, when it occupies the place of a gen., and that of an accus., and that of a nom.;






[ lhrAence they hnow

-,..Also A time, and a place, aplplied to a shle-camel,


~0Jl J,n




not], and d'i"l O; [Where we met]: and he says also, I have heard some of Benu-l-IArithIbn-Asad-Ibn-El-lfrith-lbn-Thaalabeh, and all

Benoo-Fal'as, say


when it occupies the

. r~

and 'Z..,

Haring liring offspring; vhose offspring seldonm,
or never, die. ('.) t,_ The face (S, I, Ham p. 23) of a man, because it is specified in salutation; [sece 2;] (i.nm ubi soprk;) a term used only in praise; (I.am p. 640;) i.e. the face altogether: or the of the face [i.e. the ball of the che,ek; or what appears of the celevated port thereof; or wvhat fronts one, of thefare, &c.]. (1K.) - Ofa hlorsc, it is The place where the flesh is separated (, .,* I1J.fl) beneath theforeloch. (Ham p. 23.) And l.;;jl ;~l. , in a horse, [The feather in] the place of sparation [of t),e hair] beneath thefore. lock, in the upper part of tleforehead. (TA.)

place of a gen., and :e, when it occupies the ' 'e ~ ~, [ I'hencver thot shalt pursue a right course, God place of an accus.; saying O, 3 will decree t/hec success in the time to come]: and t. 7.! 4.. (L.) Sometimes the proposition (MIughnee, TA:) but in most instances it occupies after .#. commences with 1, as in i .! the place of an accus., as an adverbial noun of 1 l.cj ;j [Sit thou here Zeyd is sitting]. place; or of a gen., governed by X, and sometimes by anothler prep., as in the saying (of Zuheyr, (K in art. Oj, and IAk p. 92.)._ It sometimes comprises the meanings of two adverbial nouns of TA in art. .;), place, as when you say,.t .. Uj blc.l o, LI . J .*t * -* .- :; .., YO. ,: i ~ .. [ Vhere 'Abd-Allah is sitting, there Zeydis stand[At the place nwhere Calamity, or Fate, has put ing]. (AHlIeyth, L.) - The restrictive L. (L do*va he.r saddllle, i. e., made her abode]: and aiLe) is sometimes affixed to it, and in this case sometimes it occurs as an objective complement, it implies a conditional meaning, [signifying ns it is said to do in dk1. J~ .. A.l di JVhe*rever, or wheresoever, and, accord. to Akh, [in the .Kur vi. 124], i.e. God is htowing: He ,thencser, or n,hensoerer,] (Mughnee, TA,) and knows where to be4to*v his alpostolic commissions; renders two verbs mejzoom, (Mughnee,) as in the . '±.being sulppressed, as imnplied by A..I; or saying, ... l ' [l7herererthou shalt 86 *


684 sit, I will sit], (f,) and in the first of the verses and


ie. (1) and (, ,) which last sel-concited person. (B )-,S MJ), ).m. (6 cited above: (Mughnee, TA:) it is not [properly, is originally ;j., with the U moveut; this and V,,, (],) each occurring in a vere of though it is sometimes improperly,] used as a letter being afterwards made quiescent; for there is [Umeiyeh the son of] Aboo-'Aidh El-Hudhalee conditional without t*. (8.) - [It is also used, not in the language any word of the meaure accord. to different relations thereof, (L, [(ee

in scientific and other post-dclical works, in .J~L, except ( [.ai; [see e; the remarulks sense different from those explained above. on 2LJ, voce E ;]) He dwclined, or tund 1 Thus, A " _. is used to signify As to, or in re- aside or away, from it; (f,A,];) rmoed, spect of: so in the phra.se i l i e vent amay, or went far away, from it; (MNb ;) As to, or in repect of, the word and the meaning. namely, a road, (9,) or a thing: (Mb :) he
gp jO p.: , As, or considred as, uch, absolately, or abstractedly; and y* -) L.ll l..J1 Man, as, or conidered as, man, abholutely, or abstractedly. And As, meaning considered merely or only or simply as: so in the saying,
-4 j


j,]) An as tat turat r aidefrom, or kies at, his sado~, by reasonof Air brirkns~,lieline, or prightlinms: (9, ]:) or that i mwont oftn to tur

asidefrom things, or to thy at them. ($.) L5.js. in also applied as an epithet to a she-am. (IA§r.) Also As, or considered as, absolutely, or ab- shunned, or avoided, it, from fear, or from It is [said to be] the only masc. epithet of the. stroctedly: so in the pbruse j& ' >, or' disdain. (Az, L.) [See also A.] You my, measure .i, (], g,) except kii; a man "who my
;ii ' . There %~, if not,forthe,aya~oiding that. (L.) And £j..l . TAh beastbecane scared, or skied, and quitted the middle of the road. (L.)-at 1 , and Vkld, Heremoed, thrusts vehemently," (IJ,) and .qj3j [but this

is written in the V Uij] "a pastor of a nj, or flock of sheep," and U.h vir "multum coiens," and * j-. ",quick" ass. (MF.) But

took amay, or took far away, kin, or it; [t; probably ** is the only correct word of the :i5 from a thing;] similar to 't ,.a and two above mentioned. (L) [Or Sm.t; - is .@. ... ^. ,4 .. .- ... --- Jo. e.. CI. J for ms j1j ;% : seevoce ] '.h;; Man, as, or considered merely or a;eJ. (Mgb.)
5 1I,~ Pebbles that become thrown asidefrom

only or simply as, being healhy and eeasing to be 2. J .JI a1 He cut, or cut lengthise, healthy, is the object of tLmrapentics. And As, the thong, or strip of skin or lather, and mad meaning since, or becaue: so in the saying, it to have parts projecting beyond th .res ;L;J1 C .. S;. JWl Fire, as, or (L, J.) since, or becaue, it is hot, Aheats water. I 3. ;.t., inf. n. . and ;1 ., He wnt, is also vulgarly used in this sense. And correctlyas or turned, aside from, or away fro, or Ae meaning So that; to as that; in such a state, or avoided, or he nnt, or remoted, to a distane condition, that: often y. with ! .] from, him, or it: (9, L, i:) [see also 1:] or, accord. to the A, he inclined upon, or against, him, or it. (TA.)

the leg o a beast ashe goe a.) aslo.


se .

1.;;, like .tjAU, (L,) indecl., with kesr for its termination, [and of the fem. gender,] occum in the phrase (TA) 1 k$4a, similar to O.., (f, L, ,) meaning Turn thou aside, or away, [from me:] (A, L:) said by one when

4: ee1.

the time for fighting is come, (L,) and by one fleeing. (Ibn-Abi-l.Hadeed.)

knob, or protuberace, of a stick or branch; [as 'Alee to worldly prosperity (lQ.Jl). (L.) 4. bj81 C..~1., (1,) irregular, like , also ~---: (Aln, TA voce I, q.v.:)] a ,~ an inf. n. of j.. ( _ [It I.) may also part of a strap, or thong, projecting beyond the be used, agreeably with analogy, as a noun of (TA,) and The land produced tate thorny T,hq.., plants, or trees, called (i :) or abounded rest: (L:) any rib, (L, J,) or other bonw, (L,) place, signifying A place to whAich one turs that curv~e much [and is therefore prominent]: aside or away; to which one remove, 9goes away, therewith. (TA.) (L, ]:) [see an ex. voce 1., in art. j"e:] or goes far away.] t., a coll. gen. n., n. un. with 5, (TA,) A a knot in the horn of a mountain-goat; (A,* certain kind of thorny plant, or tree; (9, ;) a L, ];) or this is termed V~'. : (?, L:) a J_, plat of the sour kind (W._JA '.) accord. to twisted part of a horn: a twisted internodal portion of a horn: (L:) any prominmce in a ISd, a hind of thorny plant or trvee, i. q. , but this is a mis. [or caper]: or' a certain pl~t different from horn, and in a mountain, (9, L, J,)&c.: (9, L:) Mgb, K,) and some may take, (MF,) inf. n. Z,. (9, A, Mgh, ]) and jm. a prominent and curved part of a mountain: that just named: or a certain hind of trw: ac(T:) a projecting portion, or edge, of a moun(9, Msb, I) and '_ and Jt', (K,) He was, cord. to Agn, an evergreew, of which the roots extend far into tahe ground; wAich, cooked, is tain, re~mbling a wing: (?,M,L,::) pL (of or became, dazzed by a thing at which he looked, ued as a.mdieine; having slender and long the former word, O) ;1;..l [a pl. of pauc.] and (T, Myb, I,) so that he turned away Ais leav, ming as numerou as th thorn: (TA:) (of both words, O) ;.:. and (of the latter, ) .from it: this is the primary signification: (T, Mb :) and so Vj.%. (A,* Mgh,* ) and Vj"-t, [apargo tsylvestri similis: (Ooliu, from Ibn- 0.~,: (f, :) the Jt of a camel are such Beyir :) this name, and JJt;, are now applied parts u the hips, or hauwnchAs, and thighs. (L) (,) and _ j,. (A, TA) and e,~ ,s* . by the Ambe to the plant caled by European (Mgh, and $ and A and V in art. .. , &e.)-You say , :) J; and ; , meaning A And hence, (T, Mb,) He was, or became, conbotists hAdysrum ahagi: see J~ and mountain having proecting e~ in its lomer founded, or perpl~ , and unable to e Ais ·s',qJ3:] dim. ' :P ; therefore its medial parts, not in its upper parts. (O.) And C'Jright course; (T, M9 b, ],*TA;) u also t,mJ

'~ A rising, or protuberant, or prominent, (TA,) i. q. il. , aor. L.~: (Kr,l g:) extr., jM. [That declines, or goes away, much, or part of a side of a thing: (L, V:) so of the frequently]: becaue the I of q.l. [which is its logical root] an intensive epithet, applied by head; (Lth, L ;) as also t ',.: (A:) a knot, is [originally] . (TA.)


rmdiel letter isj; (V;) and to a te .. JI , .3 I sat benath the part of the (M;b, 1) and jt,bl. (1.) And j_., (, A,) dial. var. of this dim., agreeably with a usage mountain that projected like a wing. (A.) or , M jl., (M,b,) i. gq. . *_ ;.3 (Hg obsrved in similr casus [when the medial radical was, or became, confonmd, &o., in Ais affair, 5m.z : see a in three place.. Alo Theo letter is S]. (TA.) r~gged part of a road. (A.)....An il look, or cas]. (f,A.) And [z1tm. (see its part. n. and se n: what next precedes. (A, :,) with a turning aside. (A.) You ay, ;5t) and] tV,3 [and tjl".I] He ered, or lt hisAy. (TeA.). Also, aid of water, (A, '1t1Jl 3 uji& C, (A,) or jJ , M b, ,) and t, (, A, ]) and tV.:.t, 9 (TA,) He looked not toward me save with an (A, ]) t It becarm c~c (, A, ,) and evil look, it a turning aid& (As TA.) an L (A, Mvb,J,) aor. inf n. tayed, (A) or roud, ($, ]L*) or et to .b" and L~. (C,Mgb, JO) ando'd 's1d US'.; The manner of ~ing of a prod and and fro, or lctua (M,b,s,) ia plce,

obt~, BooK 1.] no The land becamu gren ,m..;_ with with plantu or Aerbage, (5,) by reasonof much coUwtin colle~ting and continu~e of water threin. 2. & . He, or it, causd him to become con- (TA.) (TA.) founded, or perplexed, and unable to see his 0 Lqjb. rigAt court. (9,*M;b, KL.) - [Accord. to 5JI.Made in the town of El.Heereh: applied Golius, as on the authority of the KL, ,., said to a sword, and a eamel' saddle. (TA.) And of water, means t It was rowhirled round in an A kind of leathn Aousings, made in El-isreAh, eddy: but to have this meaning, which I do not witis camed' saddles are ornam ted. (TA.) withwhich seep~. find in my copy of the KL, the verb should be noJwhat next jm: see tlm.and i, L#. foll;wa. follows. though it Akm not wAhich rway to run. (A.)_ em aso f.


· · if,e

- -4.

wrong: it is disallowed by Ann, notwithstanding its being mentioned by A 'Obeyd; but he mentions it only in one place, and it is not found in every copy of his work: (18d:) pL !;s.o(f, n Ibn-Thibit 1_. (9,1.) A, 5) and 31. [in a verse which I uses the phrase4 ll have cited in the first paNmgrph of art. ,,. app. as meaning t The depthof the sa; or part of the sea in which is a conem i of tAo water, and nwhre it goes round, or to and fro]. (TA.)_ Also Greas; oily animal matter, that flows

#a fromJahorfat. (V.) 4. 1ml [He, or it, caused a thing to descend ~ J eS.1 , j (Ibn-'Omar,,* Sh, )and --- * *.0 a as ja eadly down the tAroat: or it transmitted food LS,,(8b,Akb,IA*r,IK) j$ ^*, [More confounded, __ j:-.l, and S (8b, Ak., IAr, ) and i Ss to the stomach': see 10: and see also 4 in art. or perple;ed, and unable tosem his righAt coure, jjma]. (f and V voce , , q. v.) M) or e.b ii , (C¢ ,) or ii LS-, (f, than a dabb, and than a waral,] are two proverbs; (8,) TAJ with the lt letter quiescent, (5,) and TA,) 0, a- - a0, (Meyd;) accord. to ljamzeh El-9fiabinee, said 5. ,1.3: see 1, in six places. -Also ! It (a i&> ,h LSj, or h k.qs., (accord. to different because the dabb, [a kind of lizard, as is alo cloud) continued witAout motion, pouring forth (ISh, ]) and the waral,] when it quits its hole, is confounded, its rain, and not being driven by the wind: copies de~of the 5,) and ji * 5,.. and cannot find the right way to to it; and the (IAp:) or went not in any direction: (5:) Ut (IAP, ( 5r,],) ,J! j. (ISh) and ii; jgl"' like is said of the waral. (lar p. 166.) Also t It con- [I .] [and so tj",tu: see [I will not comne to him, or it, or I wi not . --O.d,. * .. tinud; said of time; (TA;) and in like manner do it,] whib timu las; (A,' ,* TA;) or eer: s: ee C)! '.' ,in two plaes_f15 (ISh, :) or it may mean while time retur; , id · t 1 [if (18h, it is id of a man. (MF.) And 1 ;,sA1J t [TAs erratic stars; i. e. the planets;] which te *or. is u . (A,TA.) tAe stars that [at one time appear to] retrograde from; . of not a mistranscription for lI".] occurs u mean- fromiof .1 ing t Rmin ye thAen; referring to a place. Also , 1 Lq,,., or a,Jl k tFor $S, an in- and [at another time to] purnse a direct [and tsHe alighted and calculablepe t.l l tC' (TA.) And ww of time. (Ibn-'Omar, Sh,IAth.) forward] course; also cadled ;JI. (f in art. abod some days in a plae& (TA.) - .,tJl ;_.3 ) - ..,A..... tCIoude continuing wit-. (T, t (T, A, 1) and (T. T , , A, 1) and tIt (a place, f, ]5, and land, TA) became full not driven out motion, (TA) A pouringforth rasi, andaj of water; as also 9* :.. (9, ]5, TA.) _- t *'1, (TA) A man in a state of confusion, or pe;ploxity, celouds perplexity, and unable to see his right course: by the wind: (IAr:) and tV'. tThe bowml became full of grease "L,JI ;J5 (V,* having lot his way: (T, ( l._A.)heavy, and moving to andfro, ($,V) not erring; (V,'TA:) andfood; (],TA;) like as a watering-trough or (Lb, having any wind to drive them along: (C:) and .' (Lb, T) and .r,: also TA:) fern. [of the first) i tank becomes full of water. (TA.) -See (A, 1 :) and pl. [of the same] L5tlA (., A, 1) Vje~ cloud/, or cod, covring tAe Ay, qyn. what follows. *S;., like the fern. sing. ,~, (AZ, l, TA,) rising nwitA rain, and con10: see 1, in four places :..-and 5, in three and ;tsA' (O) and · 'O. - £5f-·. tinuing witthout motion, or moving to andfro, (LI.) - Jl -.. jt.:!l ($, IB, A, K) and tj~.3 (Lb.) You say, ~S J L.. JM3 j,*a * [Do not but plaees. remaining, in the sky: (AZ,TA:) or this thou that: may thy motAhr become in a state of last signifies t clouds (Am.o ) raining,and eo( :) Tite sap [or vigour] of youth (..,JI .b) iMm ' , J iJts , .]: and L,,,..., confui~ flowed: (TB :) or became complete, and filled con~ tinuing without motion, or mo~ing to and fro, the body of a woman: (A:) or completely occu- [Do not ye that: may your mothers become &c.]. but remaining, in the sky. (A, TA.)- See also pied the body: ( :) or .filled it to the utmost: (Lb.) (Lb.) And ;51i t;1_3a. J A man who eoa what follows, in two places. (TA:) or collected, andJlomwed to andfro, in the not apply himuelf rigltly to an affair; (f, TA;) a..A way leading across a d.sert, oJ 'A. / ,i wito body of a woman. (As, $.) ~-,, wrho knows not the right course to purse in Ais the place of egress is not knorm (5.) which 7e beverage, or wine, was made to descend easily affair See t Anything )d 9. . (TA. 18ce affair; as also Anything (TA) continuing endlessly: (IAr, dowm th throat. (g.) c. - j also the same phrase in art.-])- . . TA:) or haradly,or never, ending; as alseo ,' [An enclosure] like a bel_: or a place 1 is (Sb, TA.) See also this latter word. _-L4 SA meadow full of water. (TA.) .- [tS, of pasturage in which it is prohibited to the also applied as an epithet to the midday sun of ;,.. 1A full bowl: (A:) or t a bowl conpIblic to pasture their beasts. ($, ]5.) - See summer: see a verse cited in the second parataining much grease. (g.) And 'C.3. - i, taining graph of art. .. ..5 '. [erroneously written by Golius gmph also t Broth containing much grease. (TA.) c., je: _:see _


.~. : ~,.:* .,~

&M, an ,.ike lid t; ace A , in two places. -Also se ce: i. e. Verily h is in a bad state, and a state of p&c'e in which water collects (9, 5, TA) and goes perdition: or in error. (TA.) [See also art. place to to and fro: (TA:) a watering-trough, or tank, jsm.] to to whAich a stream of rain-water flow: ( :) ,-or what resembles a matering-trough, or tank, in J :.see what next follows. rwhich the rain-atercollecs and remains: (A:) which ( IAp, ) and *`s. (IB, ]) Much pro- a depresed place (5, TA) in which water collects perty, or many cattle; and a numerous family: and and remains, or goes round, or goes to and fro, ; W"may cattle. (TA.) C;tb not pausing forth from it: (TA:) or a place in (5:) and theaground d~essd in the middle and haring t'q. [app. for,,. 1I ltYb] is expl. by Th as tA #located (Aln, TA,) in which meaning H-e w sa pomsor of much property, levated edges or borders, 0 j 6, is rooeoo:) wad hence, (TA,) water: (TA and of a numrrow Aousehold and family. (TA.) 8 a . a,--4 (5;) which is the a garden; U abso 9J.; jh JJ no a . m: &JA form used by most persons, and by the vulgar; like as they say 4 for 3,3: or this form is 8 )..: se e art . ~,

1. ., aor. ;.& , inf n. ,me.: see 1 in art. jy, in three places. Quasi 5. Jr6: see 5, and , and Q. Q. 2, in art.jj,.; the first in six place.
l ,...5


and je.: see art. jja..

., He mied in£ U. L . 1, aor. m ,ia. [a thing or things]. (A, A, ]; but in this sense, made, or only the inf. n. is mentioned.) -He (,M#b, ]:) prepared, what is called k,,:


[BooK I.

and ,_., inf. n. , he h.:.mized and pre- desiringj!fight: or, accord. to one relation, W.At and L~ L., (ISk, and 1p ubi supra,) with pai,ed what is so called. (TA.) ;L.~, which means the same. (TA.) ,~ also fet-h to each, and 1 L~, with kesr to each, signifies The retiring, or going back, from a thing. not compounded, (IS1, and TA ubi supra,) Ye 2: see above. (S, TA.) [Sec also ,~,, below.] have straitened [tle earth, or land,] to him, (8 s,'Z, originally an inf. n., (Msb,) Dates mixed and V1ubi suprk,) o that ha may not act as he with clarified butter and [the preparation of 3. 1._., (1K,) inf. n. a ..., (TA,) Ile pleams please therein: ( :) or so that he may not dried curd called] iki, ($, A, Mgh, 1,) and ated ton;ards him with artifice, or gpile; ( ;) travel travel theren in seuarch of nsstenance, nor employ kneaded (A, ) vehemently, (A,) or rubbed and vied writh him; (TA;) and strore to oreroome himsdf hinmlf as he would to make gain. (Nb.) And & pretsed with the hand until they mingle together, him. (K.) Hence the saying of Mutarrif, rebwjJI bwJ e;l _ Jij, or, aU some lated in a trad., when he was asked respecting his (MIgh,) whereupon their stones comeforth; (V;) say, .hJ £,fJl . say,.C %-, . [i.e., e.p or ~t ,e, and sometimes ji [or meal of parched barley going forth from the pestilence, ~ Jj, may be interpreted as meaning, [It is meaning, Verily thou thinkest the carth to be 'd~ or wheat] is put into it; (A, K;) and a little crumbled bread instead of tlhe Ji: (TA:) or death :] we are eager topfeefrotom it [though there straitened to me, so that I may not act as I plca~ therin: &c.] (..)-themn: -~-~ also ignifies dates, of the kind called Ui', and Jil, bruised is no avoiding it]. (AO, TA.) The hole of the rat or mouse. (TA in arLt. ) together, and kneaded vehemently with clarified 6: see 1. butter until the stones come forth f'om it one A~ aoeg.: see 1, 1, in two plame. places. 7: see 1. by one, and then made like .kJ: it is the same ,~e, A beast (li;) that taees fright, and as j,, except that ~,_ sometimes has j 9. le U, . ~U.l Cij: see what next follows. runs away at random; (1 ;) turning awayfrom runtawayagrandom; put in it, but ,lbs has not: (L:) or dates of that which its master desitns: (TA:) a mule evil which the stones hate been taken out, bruised C,:(AA,S, A, and 15 in art. ~,) and 1.j, in dix~tion. disposition. (TA.) n,ith Jil, and then kneaded, and rubbed and 0 1 LS,) ~ (8, A, and K ubi supra,) and preued with the hand until the whole belomes t(,) uat L ,po~ ,so~ [an in. n.: (see 1:) and also a n. of ~ j...., (S in this art. and in art. '~; and like ,dj ; and sonmetitmes i" is put with it: signifying A place to which one turns place, (Meb:) accord. to Ibi-VWa.dd b El-Andalusee, so in the CK ubi supri., and in a MS. copy of the away, away, or aidel; to rwhich one .fleet;a place of dates of vwhich the stones ave been taken otut, 15, [though app. contradicted by whlat follows in 'efSge:] syn. j( . 1 and (Mb, ) refuge ,,. mixed rrith b,; ; but this is not known, (MF, that work, as will be seen below,] or , j () and a...n . (., IC.) You say, and TA,) because of the deficiency of the ingredients: (1K ubi suprx, accord. to some copies, and so in (TA:) Hr is related to have described it a a the TA,) and ta ,e. , (K ubi supra,) with a [There is no turning away, &c., or cornpounded, .tjj composed of ,j.l [or various mixtures]. fet-h to the first [letter] of each and to the last of no plare to wihich to turn away, &c., from (TA.) A rijiz says, each, (i ubi suprl,) and withl kesr to the first of it]. (..) each, (S in art. ~,) or to both, and with fet-h * bs1s's - I~~~~j ; (S to the first of each and kesr to the last of each; . * ,a , .1 a ..... i and sometimes each of the two [vars., namely, 0 -4 *S1 *), Wi 1. V ,..h , (1; A, Myb, 1,) nor. a 3, inf. n. ~ W,~ and e..,] j, is made perfectly and . (. , M b, pK) and J.,.a, atid [Dates and clarified butter together, then Jil, decl. in the second [wor(l], (K ubi suprh,) [so (Aboo-ls-h.lik, K,) said of a woman, (S, A, Myb, (Aboo-Is-h.'ik, are ~.., except that it is not yet nmixed]: (f, that yon say also e... , and sae', 1:,) Slte ine,struated; i. e. her blood fowoed; MF, TA :) from which it might be understood, and to .; (thoulgh the colie;s of tie ig that these components, when mixed, are not (A;) or [rather] blood camne forth from her differ in respect of these forms, two, for instance, , : but this is the contrary of what is meant: womb; tvomb; (Mgh;) [not in consequence of dia~ , beut (MF:) the meaning seems to be, that these giving one form, which is written , nor of childlbirth, uor before she had attainedto isor and one adding c ;) for it is said,] the puberty; tlhree tlings, -vhen bro-ught, are virtually o,, as explained in the law-books of the poiberly; as being the materials thereof, though not mixed. whlole make six dial. vars.; anl, accord. to MF, Muslinvaj straiteud Muslims;] as also t -.. > : or dthis latter sigeach of the two [vars.] is sometimes made per- nifies xhe likened hertlfto the (TA.) (TA.)_. (m1. fectly decl. in thle first [word] also, [so that you Also Shle attainedtfle age of menxitruation. (TA.) say , ~ , and s] hole but this he [E3c¢ ,,i1_.] _*,.JI ;41;, (8, A, Ms,) aor. [800 may fiave infcrred fiom' what wifl be afterwards 1. ,o ' 1, aor. ~, inf. n. 0~" and as inf. n. s, (. , Msb,) ITie as above, (Mqb,) [There mentioned on the authority of ISk, (TA in art. ;j... [or gum-acacia-tree] Jlowed with, (8,) or gj~ s,~,. and 4~ and .t.l (S, Msb, 1) and pare ,.~,) and , *4, (] ubi sul)r,) emitted, emitted, (A,) a matter re~embling blood; (8, A;) Las._ (S,]a) and .m. e.. (TA) and *~, indeel., with kcsr for the termination, the I being .flowed flowed with its gum: (Mb :) the matter which (I,) [or the last is an inf. n. of un.,] lie turned [originally] kS; (TA ubi suprl;) le fell, ($, is called j; and is applied to the head away friom him, or it: (S, A, Myb, 1K:) and the K,) and they fell, (S,) into confu[ion in rexpert it emits gAeMn infant to sare away the jinn, or returned, or went back, and fed,Jfomn him, or it: of their case, or affair, fromn n,hich there was no of a new-born vvhkh ubiTA: [but in a copy of the A, and in (TA:) and & t,;3 Jl signifies the same; (S, escape f,r them: ($ and K ubi suprit ) or into genii. (A, 15,TA;) and so does Zr t ,w,am: , (TA:) or is put in the place straitnesx and d.ifficulty: ($:) ~ e and one instance in the TA, ;'Jl (1K) one says of friends, (S, I o1,) ., (19,) or of with .J, app. by mistake.]) [I have marked this ,,a ,t are each two nouns made into one, each, Mqb, _qU ;,'J, b I,,, [tley turned away fropm the and made indecl. with fet-h for their termination, signification signifieation as tropical on the authority of the A and instance TA; but the author of the Myb has comenemy]; ($;) [and in like manner, IjL.l ;] and as in the instance of ; ; k,l..: or, as meneed the art. with it; and shows that he held menced of enemies, l,4j;l; (S, 1 ;) [and in like manner, some assert, they are two nouns, from its ~ . Wl9..] You say also, Jlt;il i p. , . He meaning the "turning away," and "retiring," the opinion, which some others have shared with him, TA; Itim, that it is the primary signification.] turned anway from the .fight: (A.) And t. a0.1 themin: or "going back," and ., meaning the "out- j-JI ,.l as tThe 7 gum: torrent overflowed; or potred opinion, .JI C He turned away from the truth; he stripping," and "fleeing ;" and jo is altered to je-JI app. out, or forth, from fulnes; or ran; sn. ,. ovt, in and the meaning is, an (TA.) deriatedfrom it. (Myb.) And. 1Jl i .o. assimilate it to ~.; the He turned awayfrom the thing, and became safe affair, or a case, of any kind, from which one emits but that as the above, 2. ;,.iJI paem [or menfron it. (TA.) And it is said in a trad. re- retires, or goes back, and flees. (?.) You say by He attributed s. or (MCh:) also, &*A& e. , .la, (S and stt.uation]tot/temoman. .K, struation] to the woman. (Mb.)-...4j ~,, specting the bttlde of Ohod, . h.lat art. tropical the (TK.,) inf.. n.,,d, mistake.]) or , t i.. -, (S ubi suprit,) (TI.,) And the lMuslimn made a wheel away, both in art. ,a,) TA, (.gh, 1V,) Tempore Menforth, itwhich qf with a is author or tLIO~ The S' :] inr;tstruated;


Boot T.] [1 e%.Menstrual; of, or relating to, men. struorum inirit a,cillam suam. (Sgh, K, TI.) struation.] tHe -_ ;1JI b5. , (TJI,) int. n. as above, (.,) made the water to flow. (lg, TA.) b,I: see ae.. 5. --.4,;: see 1. - Also She abstainedfrom a,51., applied to a woman, [Jfenstrvating;] prayer (;i.&1) during the days of her e. [or M_.; Msb, I ;) (S, Mgh, part. n. from act. for waiting TA;) K, Msb, (S, menstruation]; epithet of paran it is ;,] because [without thlus, the stopping of the blood: (TA :) or she abstained, (Msb;) and a female]; [to application ticular does: (A,* Mgh:) or shte and did as the u1, L &c.; (TA;) with ., being like I&.3 and % reckoned herself Slit., and did as the .iL. does. (TA.) [because the &S in its verb suffers alteration;] _I.t.also, (S, Mgh, Msb, and in like manner S,MSgh, Msb,) in the pass. ( 10. 'gi, « Fr: (S:) pl. (of the of authority the on K,) form, (UIsb,) with damm to the ZP, (Mgh,) [as eiD M,, Msb, K,) like as (S, Mgh, though originally signifying She was reckoned to former, M.sb) of and i.iL., like as (Msb,) handwriting the 1;, in of is pl. . be menstruating,] found .. 1l,(TA,) [which I hold -51b. Aboo-ZekereeylL ; (TA,) and of the latter, '1 is pl. of ,_, to be a mistake, as being at variance with general jL$ i., (Msb,) or j.la . (S,MgL,K.) - In usage,] She continued to have a Jflow of blood ($, which it is said that God will Migh) after her doy/s [of menstruation]: ($:) or a certain trad., in hite had an e.ubertrareof blood [.flowingfrom the not accept the prayer of a ,1m. unless she be : (Mb :) or [attired] with a 1.. [or head-covering], this does vagina]; not what is termed , her blood flowed withont stopping, not on certain not mean one who is menstruating while actually dotays, norfrom the vein [or veins] of menstruation, occupied by prayer, (Msb, TA,*) but t One who has attained to the age of menstruation; (TA;) (TA.) but from a reint called j 3ll. or one who has attainedto womanhood: (Mgh:) bda_ [an inf. n. of 1: explained in the KT as or it has not this meaning; for if it had, one would applied to The menstrualbllod itself; wbich seems understand that a girl not arrived at puberty .. and might pray with her head uncovered, which is not to have 'been more properly called and .J~1: though what here follows the case; but it means : [one of] the menstrnuating _a may be considered as rendering it probable that kind, whvether she have attained to puberty or was also used in this sense in the classical not; as though the tenn female had been used in ,,. ,].. _ j._ l s .ea tA thing its place. (Mob.) times, for


Q. Q.L Jaj.,

(S in art. J,)

inf. n. ii.;.,

(s,) He (a

&U' said, .a, s;)

l J

Il. iL: (1, TA:) composed of two words, l ( ubi supra, and TA.) like ,.

, (S, M.b,) inf. n.1. Jla, aor. J~.', , ,) lie (a judge, or any other person, ( Mb, Msh) acted n,rongfully, unjustly, injuriously, or tyrannically, (S, Mob, K,) AL; against hint: (S:) or, as some say, he inclined [to that which was wrong], or declined [from that which was t,1I rig.ht], in his judgment. (TA.) rild,ena means A man's giving to certain qf hit e rely of others: he should treat thern 1czlua. equally, and not prefer some before others. (T, TA.)


2. J.,_J The taking a thinJ, or something, from the sid: and dimiHnishing [from the side]. (KL) . A sides; ( 3 I took by little and little from its (S.) a, also L.. s;)as

(;) (4; A side, or lateral part: pl. which is likewise pl. of lt;.. (TA.) [See also s'1,, below.]

t_.. Acting wrongfuUy, unjustly, injuriously,
or tyrannically: (Lth, Msb, .: [in some copies of the 1, .3I.. is erroneously put for .l. :] pl. (1, Mb*) and ail_ (Msb, 10 and (TA.) - An arrow declining from the right direction. (TA.) - And, as being likened thereto, tAn impotent man, who does not attain the object of his want. (TA.) - The side of a mountain. (1K, TA.) [See also ;4.]

wrhich.flows from the ~_ [or g,m-acacia-trees],
I... resembling [nhat is called] J;jil [See.also 1.]

W&~~ is a simple subst. as well as an inf. n.: (Mgh.) (Zj, 1K ) as the former, it is a n. of place; and as such it is [said to be] used in the l5ur ii.222; mean(Zj;) Aher ;j3; (Mgh ;) beA ingle time, or turn, of menstruation, ing A wroman's 1j; a~ · or of the flow of the menstrual blood: (S, A,* cause it is the place of lJI. (Zj, Mgh.) Some (A, Mb ;) like as j Mgh, Msb:*) pl. ,_; say that U . is hence derived; because the ctl, A district or the A.d1. d;i, and 't.4 and"a of.e_ water flows to the , ^: (Az, l:) forthe Arabs of, and is pl. of that of 3. like, and a land, upon wAhich rain has not fallen: though by rule it should be put j in the place of , and L in and,.f. of a..; (Ibn-'Abb&d, ]:) as though the rain treated it [signifying of time a n. (Az, TA.)- It is also wrongfully. (TA.) &A.J4 (Mob.) You say, m~. iJ- . ~ also -See (TA.) mensctuating]. of time The [She menstruated one single time ofmenstruation]: pl., a -_ When it is a simple subst., it has and g.gl ia,. [a long single time thereof]: namely u ;.i;. (TA.)


and .~"

[threesingle times thereof]. (A.)

- As used by the professors of practical law, The acctstomed days thereof. (Mgh.) -Also . tA single flow [of water &c.]: pl. ;

evil; (Bd in xvi. 36;) of blood after her days [of menstruation]: (v:) only used in relation to ;] and so , in£f. 3 3 aor. 3'.., d also [as or having an exuberance of blood [floring from in the gur So 1I.) (Ibu-'Abbid, tP1_,.. e . [Mesutruation;] the subst. from ; · her agina]; not ,hatistermed,i tJl: (Mgb:) Ij.,J: (, ], TA:) or a mode, or manner, or or having her blood jlowing without stopping, not state, of ,4. [or menstruating]: (Myb:) or on certain days, nor from the vein [or veins] evil artifice shall not beset any save the authors thereof]: (f;:) or this means shall not befall: the state (Mgh, TA) of the .A;5.,(TA,) 7rhich of menstruation, but from a vein called j lWI. (Msb:) [for] e, 31_., (Ibn-'Arafel, Myb,,*) is one of avoidance (Mgh, TA) of prayer and (K,*'TA.) aor. as above, (Msb, TA,) inf. n. _ and jth., (, fasting and the like: (Mgh:) pl. h.~. (TA,) signifies [also] it clam to him, and became The mentrual blood; the blood MUb.) -Also his due, (Ibn-'Arafeh, ]g,) and befell him: (Ibnof mneutrnation; and so t _u.- and t 'Arafeb, Myb, K :) and thus it is said to mean in (TA.) [See also C.]---Also The piece of 8. Jb.t-1: 3 jL . t the Kur [xi. 11, &c.], o l.L (, binds omer her vulva; . rag which the 6;'~e' [And that at swhich they usd to mock see art. Ib..l shall cleave to them, or be their due, or befall (S:) which Mgh, MUb,* 1 ;) and so ' a.': ,-J.1: and 4a: ni and a them; namely, the punishment at which they latter also signifies ta piece of rag thrown away: mocked.] (TA.) You say also, ,ijdl .. 31. T. TA.) (S, ' (TA:) pl. of the latter, )~ a:

and n. 1. e J_., aor. e (., 1,) inf. n eand (1,) It zUsu,, surrounded, encomor it; (f}, i;) him, beset, or encircled, passed, 1;.1~.~ A woman continuing to hare a flow



4: a.,

688 Punidhment bet them, and befell thm. ($.) Th4 [Anife calld] tp cut; u also , : b1.. 4. :; 1 a dial. var. of And /."'t , jm. Trial, or trouble, bet him. (V.A) See 4 (luast sentene) in art. J.. And.,m i.jl 14i 1 [TAe butcher' (TA in aLr, ;j.) -3 , (W,) inf.£ n m, kife doen not cut thedihmea-t],nnddd d J L: 5. J;.3: see 8 in art. J .. (TA,) i q._. a .). ' both signify alike. (EI-Amidee,TA.)..._Hence,]


[BooK i. t I..e (Fr,.)

, ., (AA, g,) inf. n. .. , (AA, TA,) (p. J.m A cry with which goats are chidd. 1 u jUI1 1_i., inf n. Je, t Th saying He ned Ahim, and ated Aim. (AA, ].) took effect upon tAe heart; (8h, 8,, TA;) and (8) 4: aem ~A , W, 31.1 God made became fji#d therein. (8h, TA.) And e,/ Ui ,;. Water tAat reain, or rtagnates, and thir artifice to beset tAem: (Lth, TA:) or made r4.i1 e. t Blame doe not mak any impresio colCe, or that rmain long, andbome aered, upon hin. (8.) And fjM ) Ji iJ il it to befa them. (Th, I,* TA.) or tat beom yellow and alted, in the bootto tt j31. Vkemence of hunger. (TA.) See t ThAy pecA doe not make any impre.ion upon of a l: pl. [of pane.] jl; and of mult.] uch a one. (TA.) And it is samid [in a trad., as also Ol., in art. jo.. J.-:. (i,.) Also a subct. from 31) t; some read it], .tj ~ WAat b~wt a man, ('Eyn, ],) and be-,1% i t 4,Sin ir tAat which makes an (%, ;) and so t Mio, with keer; ( ;) or ta.; JaiUs him, ef artifee, ('Eyn, TA,) or of an eil impression upon thy mind, and becomeJ fixed [perha a mistake for *ii.]; ( ;) and 'i;i, ded, lthat Ahe ha done. ('Eyn, I..) [terein, and witA which thou dislikbt that mm and *J.. . (AZ, .) [See 4 in art. Jm ) * .. StreC t, power, might, or for; should become acquainted]. (Az, TA. [See also ya i; j3,d: se art. J3,.. s also J .; (TA;) of which it is a dil. vr. .; and see, j.]) (e,Mb.) o80 in the saying, 41 'j; 4: see 1, in five places. e 4A. (st, Mb, TA. [See ..]) So, too, in L £1., aor. 4 , inf. n. 1 and J;; and : aseel. the phrase, in a form of prayer, ,Jl Il., £1;r.I, accrd. to Lth, signifies Re woe a piece ^41i [0 God, Poeor of great might]: 8. sJAZ.l, mentioned in this art. in the 1]: ee of cloth: [and it is said in theo , in art..0j, perverted by the relators of traditions into 1S that the root of the verb in this sense is with j 5 in art. .0.. J.,Jt, with ,.r. (TA.) If it be a oontraction and with S :] but As says that this is a mistake; u4 and;C: see kti. and that tbhe verb is only ^I. having for its of ;., originally J4m., its proper place is art. aor. ii.t, inf. n. (TA. [See, however, (T.. ;14 and i. eand ii: see J .. The J·o: otherwise, this is its proper phae. (TA.) what follows.])~JA., ($,],) or 4 Z J1..d, first ao signifies A man who walu, witA Ai. lgs Li. A large number of goats: (?:) or a (TA,) or. lia?, inf. n. 14.) (, ]) and parted as though taere were omtking between herd of goats: and a 1ock of shmp. (].)_A;; (V) and ;, ; (Mbr,TA) [and iLb;,., them. (TA.) And A buly [lizard such as is Stone rolled down from th e ie of a monta which ee in what follows], He (a man, TA) ealled] 4.; that move about its houlder-joints, to its bottom until they bmee many: (V :) or nalked wtA an e~gat and a proud and sef. and parts its leqgs widely, in gqoing along; (S ;) an over/anging mass of roch that falU dow us lso the second and third. (Ibn-'Abb4d, TA.) conceited gait,


wt am affcted inclining of the

bdy from sid to side, or with a titi*ig of the bach: or he moved a t Ahis somd .jonts and Ahi body in malking, (], TA,) having uch flAl; which manner of walking in women is commended, but in men it is discommended; for the woman walks ths by reuon of the lg ne of oher thighs; but the man, when his thighs, or legs, are wide apart: or, s some say, it signifies he trod thae ground vehemently: (TA:) or he mowd about hiS shoulder-joints, and parted his leg. wdly, in walking, [a short po~ do:

: see art. J*g.

from the head of a mountain to its bottom. (Abu-l-Mekirim, 0.)m Se_ e also m..


44 Short, and

thicAk and compact in body;

applied to a woman. (Ibn-'Abb6d,

°a_: see j;., above; and see art J. :see its syn. J3 . , in art. ji.
Jii;. an in. n. of jl, [aor. 3 ,] (Mgh and Mqb in art. J_.,) like '; [&c.]. (Mgh in that art. [See 1 in that art.])

ib~. and £tb .: see J5..; for the former, in two plaees. -_ The latter also signifies A femaln ostrich; as being likened to the 131. in
her [manner of] walking. (TA.)

[In the present day, ; aend and Wi a.n : and iA for]) l. signifies the manner of walking t .Jt. signifies the same; i. e. A weaver.]m see art. J_. of him who i short: (f:) or a malking in Also, and ,.., applied to a man; and t= Ahich a man move about AiS posteriorw: all and V 3jtg and ' £4_. and ' Ztg;, (]~, TA,) if.: see 4 in art. J.., in the latter half of which meanings are borrowed from the action and, accord. to the A, ( t ,;, but this is an the paragraph. of the 131. [or weaver, who straddles when at in£ n., and is here a mistake for t9j,., originally a. e its syn. , in art J.. work]: iL&I., likewise, signifies a oalking with k.0, mentioned by Sb, (TA,) applied to a : ee art. Js.. an elegant and a promud and self-conceited gait, woman; Walking, or whov waaU, in the mamur
with an affected inclining of the body from ide to side, or mitk a twisting of the back, and in a !apging ~mnnr. (TA.) And you say alo, * " .4., and 'V iAt , meaning He came deoted nby the erb .1.1, i. e., with an elegant see I" : jlu art.

jU*.1 :

ee art.


and a proud and adf~coneited gait, &c. (V, TA.)m And the first, i. e. 4.11o., Becoming fJed in the hAeart, and disquieting one. (Az,

N., above; and me i,m. in

walking with hi legs parted as though there were TA in art. · Io..) [See 1.] something betwen thm. (TA.)m.~.0*., (K,) nor. £,.4, inf. n. (TA,) said of a sword, (T, L ,, (M,b, or ". _, (S,) aor. (a,) and of an axe, (TA,) It made an impresrion, ~~,, (Q,Mqb,) l. jl_., aor. J, [inf. n. a in the eas. following,] inf. n. J It became 1c. or had effect; usalso tPJl.l. (],TA.) d. .01. It, (M b, K,) or it. time, or seao, (I,) was, altered, or Ahanged: (K:) a dial. var. of Jlm., 9 (O) and d, tV0.1 (., ]) and t Vb1_', ) or bteame, or drmw, near; or am at hand: (f,


aid of a sword, signify the same: (~, :) one aor. as above, 7The water remained, or stagnated, says, ..is *. 9 4. t .6, i. C. [le strvck and collected; or remained long, and became him, but the word] made no impramion, or had altered; or beame yelow and altered; in the no effect, upon him. (f, TA.) And ,Jt 1 _bl. bottom of a valley. (TA.)

Meb, :) and its time came. (Mqb, ].*) You say, l1b j.ql a il1 4 ii., aor. as above, inf. n. '.m [and as in the next ex.], The timu came, or drew near, for Aim to do, or tAat eAshowud I

Boox I.1 5. es:&.3, .. 3,said of a spunger ( j'.), He watched i. ($.) And %. do, such a thing; syn. for the time of eotin, in order thlat he might and e.. and a i, (Mob, TA,) inf. n. enter. [He matchedfor enter. (S.) And ~t1l c _... 3;, ThA time of prayer came: (Mb :) or the And ',,..) the prayer was, or became, or drew, near. (TA.) the time of the food]. ( voce r time of w atched for the .3 : ;; . I <fO j j Ci . . Th ears of cors became dry, i ; c d41 eeing suoh a one. (TA.) And (1, TA,) so that tlh time of the reaping th~of Zoing
3 came, or dew nmear. (TA.) - _ hil ;ep. Jt. He sought [to know] the time of prayer. (TA.) has a (TA.) - And ;b., [And accord. to Freytag's Lex., t i ... ouD died, or per~ 7li similar meaning; i. e. He waited for the just inf. n. eft-, He (a man) died, or perjbd. (f.) gime time of a thing; delayed a thing till the fit time.] ·- 3 - He eperinced a trial, or trying afliction. t3WIej3J: see 2. - See also 1. - As (1: a meaning indicated therein, but not ex- meaning _*!, it is a vulgar word. (TA.) meaning pressed.) - Also, (Az, .K,)aor. as above, inf. n. L$! (As,TA,) It (anythling) was not accomo-

nd a, [see also an ex. in a verse cited vooe the remarks there subjoined:] and one may well employ in its place i and t1! (MSb, TA) and
(TA) and "j (Mob, TA) ;1 and .; and J, and the like; but not, as many have said, t"; for this is an adv. n. of place. (Mqb.) - When

they make the two times to be distant, the
one from the other, [i. e. the time of epeak-

ing and the time spoken of,] they do so by means of 1 , and thus, (J,) they say .:.4 [meaning At that time; thn]: (f, ]:) and sometimes tihey supprem the ., substituting for

see - Sometimes, also, thley prefix ;. it &. (TA.) c., ', meaning to jeu; (?,TA;) and say '. 10: see 5. dated, adapted, or disposd, to the right way It is not, or mua not, a time [of such a thing; ex Death; a state oj destruction or peror course or direction; (Az, g,TA;) as also exdition: (S, K, TA:) or the time of the appointed but this is generally written *" t.,~]; as in , t.~. (V..)-And i.q. ,1 [It happned, term term [of life]; or time of death. (.Har p. 322.) the ]ur xxxviii. 2 [respecting which see art. e&c.]. (gar p. 382.) ]. (TA.) Aboo-Wejzeh Es-Sadee says, - A trial, or trying affliction. (1V)

· [Time; or a time; or a space, · ' appointed, for him, or it, a time. (5.) lja. or orperiod,of time; &c.]: (i:) or, accord. to Esh.,b~ and V.d&k1 have the ame meaning Shifi'ee, Shidfi'ee, time, from the beginningof the world [The perso~uwho return to the attack when there [app. T'hey aigned, or appointed, a tim for to yabj: (Az voce . :) or a is none other that returns to the attack, (as is to its end; as also J^.b C;. re appointed time, (As, S, Mgh, Myb, 1,) in a vagu senu, -J.WlI thir gut]. (TA.)_ said in the C and L in art. bJds,) or it may mean for the se-camel a time in ewry day and night (Mgh, 1],) applicable to any time, (As, V,) little who act affect'ionatgel in the time when there ix in which Ahe hould milk Aer; ($,];) as also or mWuch, (Mgh, M9b,) long or short, that may or none other that acts affectionately; as is said in (15;) said when one milks her in the he * l;ii; be a year and more: or [in some cases] par- the L in that art. ;) and tAhe .~drs in the time i is ficularly day and night once: A, says that I. ticularly meaning forty years: or seven years: when it is said, Where is the fe~der?]: (C :) ISd [the milking a camel but on'e i the or two years: or six months: or two montla: says that O is thus prefixed to Xpm. like as it like ,. cours of each day and night]; but is only after or any morning and eoening: ( :) also a space i3 in ~i53 meaning ~j l: but lB says that Ibnshe has shown herself to be pregnant, and her of time; ($,V;) as in the .Kur lxxvi. 1, (S,) Es-Seerafee cites the former hemistich thus: and in the l5ur xxxvii. 178: (1 :) and a conmilk has become little in quantity. (TA.)a- * .4 . *ii t W t tinuous time: (lam p. 381:) and the day of Jle (God) made him, or it, to bl not accommo- tinww remrrection; (] ;) or the coming to pan of the [with the s of pausation]: and some say that Ilthe dated, adopted, or disposed, to the right way or remmction; resurrection; as in the ]ur xxxviii. last verse: a of pausation is likened to the fern. , and is tlihci rmur~ion; See also 4. cour.s or direction. (K.) (Mgh,TA:) or it has two meanings; namely, made movent With fet- h. (TA. [See more in art. (Mgb,TA:) a time of unknown limit, and also, as in the ]ur and '~4. [are the inf. n. of .t.] 3. &l. ,Z4.1) ,.])_. -See also °'a, in two places. xiv. 30, sixz montha: (Fr, Myb:) accord. to Er(Lb,TA) Rdghib, You say, L j... Li.;. (,]1g) and C1_. Raghib, the time of a thing's arriving,or coming, see art. _. l.: [He bargained or contracted with him for work and happening; having a vague meaning, and a;.: see what next follows. (], . ;) from rendered particular, or special, by that to which for a certain time]; like .jl.; applied in that it occurs some say is prefixed: it ll. (Lb, TA.) And in like 'JI meaning a;e. [The time appointed for a sie-camel to dilTerent different ways: to an appointed term; as that # e^.lai (TA) and Ulx. (Lb, to manner, to which God makes one to live: and a year; be milked in every day and night;] a subst. TA) [He hired him, or took him as a hired man as in the ]ur xiv. 30: and to the time when from hiWI C -; as also t ie_: you say, ui or a hireling,for a certain time]. an event takes place; as in the JIur xxx. 16: JaiU 4L., meaning When is the time of the and to time absolutely: accord. to EI-Mun&wee, mnilhing of thy she-camel? and 1t4;.... , mean[i. e. Time, or a long time, in the [genuine] language of the Arabs, it is 4. oIl i. q. ing How many times is she milked ? (15.) One passed over him, or it; he, or it, endsred, or con- applied to [the time of] a glance of the eye, and and : , (8,) ".4Ij. tinued, for a time, or for a long time]. (TA.) more than that, to time wvithout end: (TA:) says also, of a man, . . ~.g$· meaning He eats once in the day and the night: -p sIe r~nained, stayed, abode, or dwelt, the pl. is O ,, (S,Mqb,]l,) and pl. pL jeWtQl; (g, 1]:) or, accord. to Aboo-'Amr Ez-Zahid,
L. ;,.., [inf n. H,.,] Ae asie~ , or
s cq. q. )q



(.,V5,)for a time in a place. ( . )

,'4 j aiL&-I is used as meaning a man's eating once in 1t.1 'J (,1 ]g,) ;) as in the saying, The time came, or drew near, for the camels to and C the day, and &.;JI as meaning a she-camel's times, I [Such a one does so at . .b be milked: or for the camel to hIave'their loads being milked once in the day. (IB, TA.) And or sometimen]. (S.) In the 1ur [xiv. 30], "P bound upon them. (AA,J. [In the CId, ";j G, i.e. ;' 41 ' 'aJ L,. one says, a. ji j.5 14;bl means [Wtich yieldeth its The ._-])-- *.M,; is erroneously put for ? I ~i [I do not meet him save time after fruit] every six months: (Fr, Mob, TA :) or t , time of what they desired, or sought, came, or fv.uit] ee erening: or, morning and or every er~ry year: time; meaning, oecaionally]. (1.) dre near, to the company of men: (V:) the accord. season, uninterruptedly. Az, in every to time of their attainment of wohat they lomped for 'Ute.. ;t.: we art. j,.. came, or drem near, to them. (IA , TA.)_ * * 1 , also, means "4': [The (TA.) O UZ As a trans. verb: see 2. - ZX ^;.1 God caused time, or sason, of a thing]. (g.) [You say, 8 arta y. and ;_.. , .*w.:_am j11 him to die, or detrojyed him; (s;) as also °4.., . ~J1 For a time, or s4ajon.] And W._ 1 At '.3 (KL: but only tbhe inf. n. is one time; sometime; at some time; awhile. inf. n. ,' a.: see art.. ;. (Mgh.) Xr in the phrase X i [1 him there given.)- God tried him, or afjlicted with a trial. (]K: a meaning indicated therein, stood in the time when tholu stoodest, or I stood Ze;t: see arts. OJ*' and _._.. mhm rwhen thoustoodest,] is an adv.n. of time; (Mqb;) but not expressed.) 1 Bk. I.


[Booi 1.
with the vowel of the ~nestanding. (IC.)

~~ Stupi; foolish; or ha,ving little, or no,
intellect, or Z3.A deadly, or destructitve, calamity that biall. o,1: (V, TA:) a calamity in which iu jhigr.i: (TA :) PI.~ 3Ii..&( ) [in the CIC it is, in one place, erroneously substituted for 1,.. as meaning "11wine."]

Jtrnanserred to the a.

Jwo (En.NaorAljn,IC) and J*go and J*~~ Jm and J. and CO, and *.Ag. and (KC) A certain shrub of the smaller hind of hatving no leave.: (En-Nadr,' Aljn, ]g :) or the j"~g. words used in inciting, or urging on: mee spcie. of (]g;) and in art. J&. (TA.) t~ri,dj4: (AA, TA:) a colL more in art .^; gen. n.: (TA:) n. un. with.*5: (IC:) so called because, when rainfall.upon it, it grow quickly; [i... mentioned in the ]K in art. C~n.] is and when the camsl eat it, and do not speily voi their excrement, they die: (AA, TA: [see For words that might perhaps be correctly fr.om C%J or L"t.. (TA.)

(AKIn, IC.)




the next paragraph:]) at the end of a verse of mentioned under this head, see the art. headed Ilomeyd Ibn-Thowr, the namne is written &"1 urn.: or i.9 and"jr..

[BooK I.]

The seventh letter of the alphabet: called N.1 [and t. (respecting which latter see the letter .~)]. It is one of the letters termed , [or non-vocal, i. e. pronounced with the breath only, without the voice]; and of those termed a . [i. e. faucial, or guttural]: its place of utterance is the same as that of t [which differs from it in being vocal]. (L.) [As a numeral, it denotes Six hundred.] R. Q. 1. ' ' . Hle (a man, TA) acted perthe pace, or in the manner, denoted by 4 .e as fidiously, unfaithfully, faithley, or treaeheexplained belom; said of a horse; (S, A, ];) as rowuy. (].) ~ He Nt, or became, lax,.Jlaccid, also t (Th, Til: K :) and in like manner said or flabby, in th belly. (a.) [See also i , of a man. (TA.) You say, 3 lj.1 below; and ee R. Q. 9.] _ ,.L1i . $1j3lW [Tley came, the beasts going with them He stayed until the mid-day heat had become tihe pace, or in the manne., termed ,-.]. (A.) assuaged, and the air was cool: (i]:) or the And .l , aor. ', inf. n. r., He phrase is X (TA.) [Hence, 1 ll t hastened to begin the affair. (Msb.)-[Hence,] in a trad. relating to the postponement of the a. &J3, a 1 ,,&, (aor. , TA, [inf. n. ,]) said of the noon prayers,] ,, l ... L, (',) sea, t It was, or became, agitated, or in a state of or ,j! W , (JK, [but the former is more commotion; (T, S, A, KI,TA;) the waves dadhing together, and tie winds whi-rling; (T, A, probably the correct phrse,]) Stay yo until the TA;) such being the case at a certain period, mid-day hat hall hav become auwaged, and when the ships make for the shore, for safety, the airbe cool: (JK, :) it is originally t1"i, A · · ). . g and is altered therefrom for the purpose of disor cast anchor. (T, TA.) You say, ,.Jl ,rtLl tinction: (S in the present art.:) or originally t Agitation, or commotion, of the sea, with a (0 in art. .) whirli?g of the winds, befeU them: (T, A, TA:) lyeif'u.. or tI&. ~*WLl, i. e. vI _ 7 sea The became agitated, or in a state of commotion, with them. (S, TA.) - Also, said of the dust, t It rose high: (JK, TA:) and Sit ran along. (TA.) -And said of a plant, or of herbage, tIt became tall. (JK, ?, A, .) like l-i,k., R. Q. 3. -' ' It was, or became, law, flaccid, or flabby: said of a thing in a state of commotion, moving to and fro, quivering, or the like. (Q) [See also °4 , below; and see R. Q. 1.]I He was, or became, empty [in the belly], after repletion. (JK.) And ;. - ---- lHe came hungry. (JK.) . a a.J, (JK,) or *, (K~,) He became lean !I/?tr having been fat, (JK, IC,TA,) so tiat his shin became lax, flaccid, or flabby, (TA,) and a sound was heard to proceed from him [when he moved], (JK, TA,) by reason of his leanness. (TA.)_...1l ' Tie heat became allayed, or assuaged, (K,TA,) tomevhat, (TA,) in its vehemence. (IK, TA.)

and and


see the letter t, and arts.


and U..
X&1.~ : see art.


U;~If. and

see art. .;&. sei1.:

L .i, ;-, aor.

(A, L, 1,) sec. pers. ., inf.n. ,] aor.

s. , (JK, S, A, K,) inf. n. ,-, (JK, s; (;,L,;*) or TA,) He doreived another; (S, l ;) namely,

(?:) or deceived like ,L , another's you.: man, or slave: much or greatl/: (Har p. 59 1:) and he corrupted inf. n. ; (Mob; [in which .. is regarded another; (JK, A, TA;) namely, another's male s a simple subst.; but I doubt the correctness or female slave. (TA.) You say, vl of this, and of the verb's being like ;ij ;]) He 4.,, (Aboo-Bekr, TA,) and ;., and , (a man) was, or became, deceitful, (Myb, ], TA,) (A,j Ie corrupted, and rendered disaffected to wicked, dishonest, or dissimulating, (1(, TA,) and him, (Aboo-Bekr, A,) his friend, (Aboo-Bekr,) a mischief-,naker: (TA:) [or] hi wva.,, or became, a great deceiver, or vcry deceitful, (I,,A, L, K, and his male slare, and his weife. (A.) -He TA,) wicked and deceitful, and a mischief-,naer. bound his arm, or hand, with a L.!, i. e. a piece It (one's flesh) (,* A,* L, TA.) [In the K and TA, neither of rag like a fillet. (A, TA.) wasted so thAat there appeared streaks upon the the aor. nor the inf. n. of.. as signifying " he skin. (TA.) See also RI Q. L was, or became, a great deceiver, or very deceitful," is specified; nor the sec. pers. of the pret., 3. Z.A.: see [It seems that 41s., if [I.. which indicates the form of the nor.] - [Hence, used, signifies lIe acted treachowusly towards


[sec. pers.

app.,] s signifies also lie alighted and abode in a depressed tract of ground, in order that his place might be unknown, fi;omr a motive of nig-. gardlines [to avoid claims upon his hospitality, thus deceiving pasurs by]. (}i, TA.) - And lie denied, or refused, rwhat he posse.ssed. (L.) _n,.s., (S, A, ].,) aor. with d(amm, (S, A,) deviating from a general rule, accord. to which an intrans. v. of this class [of the measure

him, and took Aim unamares.] And [the inf. n.] 4,'L. signifies The being heavy, or sluggish, and holding back from a tking. (JK.) 4. $.l HIe tmade a horse to go the pace, or in the manwnr, denoted by as explained belo,u. (S, A, K.)



see 1.



or, a*i., and 4sj, ,l, (JK,) He took forth ,Ja] should be with kesr, (MF,) inf. n. & [or, app., tore] from his garnent a piece of rag (S, D)and L and ., (, A, Al,) He went like a fillet. (S.)

", (JK, $, A, L, MNb, K) [said in the Msb to be originally an inf. n.] and Vt s, (L, L,) [originally an inf. n. accord. to most authorities] and ' t,, (MF,) applied to a man, (?, A, L, Msb,) fem. it, [which casts doubt upon the assertion that ,. is originally an inf.n., for were it so the masc. and fem. accord. to a general rule would be the same, as well as the sing. and pl.,] applied to a woman, (JK, A,) A grat deceiver, or verny deceitful; (JK,0 S, A, L, Mqb,* K wicked i;) and deceitful; a mischief-maker; (, A,' L, 1,* TA;) deceitful, guileful, artful, crafty, or cunning; syn. ;L. (HIam p. 37, in explanation of the first and second.) Also the first of these words, A long, elevated tract ()-, in some copies of the k erroneously written J'', TA) of sand, clearing to the ground. (I4, TA.) - And A plain, or soft, 87*

692 tract, between tnwo itigged tracts, in wnlich (i.c. ;j [q. v.]: and accord. to Sh, the 3. thereof is in the former of which) are trt its ;,b. (TA.) And ;. [so in the TA] signifies 1 les. (AA, K.) A piece of rag nhich a woman wears, cotvering See also a.'. Hence .'_ ,. : see ,.. her head with it: erroneously written by Lth ,.i. L. l Tle _. (Az, TA.) ;&..1: see, again, La..l and its two Also, i.e. '. t 1d1 [or winding guts, or intesti,ne into ,clich vars., and V0- , of which the pl. is .. c/., the food pases from the stomach]: (1.:) thus A streak of the fesh aptpearing in the skhin, occaused in the pl. form, as though pl. of s.. (TA.) tioned by the loss of fesh. (TA.) _Also The bark (I_,J) of a tree. (JK, ].)Also A kind of run, (8 ~,. : see And Low, or depresed, land: (JK, K :) pl. [of wide steps, butfalling short with K,) Msb, Mgh, (TA.) pauc.]. .lt.l and [of mult.] 5 e. of that termed ;a; (Mgh, Msb;) i.e. a quick ;) wickedness; dis- pace: (TA :) or a certainpace which is not quick: ". Deceit; (JK, Mqb, K honesty, or disimulation; (g, TA;) mischief- (Har p. 157:) or i. q. jILj; [q. v.]: or a pace of (TA:) guile, art, craft, a horse, (.K,) and of a camel, (TA,) in whiich he V .,: making; as also t - remores both his right legs together and both his or cunning. (1yam p. 567.) _ See also .. :A ritsng, or state of agitation and commotion, left legs together; i.e. an amble: (K, TA:) or of the sea; (JK, ], TA;) as also *;,%. in which a horse rests on his right and lejf fore 1, , ,, TA,) and legs alternmately, (^, ' ,' (Apr, I.) in like manner on his hind legs: ($, TA: [app., &4: see az&. as thus explained in the 8 and TA, meaning the _ ... Also A place same as the explanation next before it:] and see A.. and i 2: hthere water collects and remains or stagnates, (accord. to some, TA) quicknes. (K.) (AA, g, TA,) and around which g,rom herbs, see or leguminous plants: (TA:) a tract of land ,,eittherfruitful nor unfruitful, bet'reen tn.o othler A trench, or furrow, (..,) in the (Aljn:) a tract of ground. (..) tracts of land; pl. 4.: land between that which abounds with herbage see a.., in five and that which is unproductire: (Ru-beh:) a ' , and its pl. ,l..: marrow tract of toft land abounding nith herbage, places. It is also said to signifyA fllet,orbandage. not rugged nor plain, but inclining to be plain; (TA.)-Also I A long strip, or slice, of flesh, or (ISh;) but ADk disapproves of this explanation: flesh-meat; (JK, 8, .K ;) and so tVae; (A, TA;) (TA:) or a tract producing herbage betn'cen tro pl. of the former as above: (JK :) or any com: pact and long portion of jflesh: any such portion long and elevated tracts of sand; as also t '. (Ibn-Nujeym :) and, accord. to A A, also pasture, is also termed iLL.a.: either in tlhe arm or eleA_,: (accord. to where: (AO,TA:) or a [portion such as is or herbage. (TA.) Also, or (lifferent copies of the K, or both, TA,) and termed] thereof, intermixed with [sinews, The bottom (C, ) of a talley. (1.) ~t 'a,, (TA.) or tendons, such as are termed] .. of tlhe two corresflesh The .;411 And · a and *. and ti.A A narroav tract, or portions extending along the twvo side of streak, of sand; [in one copy of the A, I find ponding His (TA.) [Hence,] .Al I backbone. the 5 .J mthus explained; but in another, .a. and i (TA.) pieces. cut in flesh is disundered, or · -- is written in the place of the former of See also *^, in two places. - Also The wool of a, also these two words ;] or of clouds; ( K ;) as a J; [or sheep in its thirdyear]; (., L;) which t : (As:) or, of sand, Nhat resembles a 2.. is better than that termed ;_'_,i. e. the wool of jiJU [or depressed tract betn.een two hills], except a 4. [or sheep in or before its second year], in its being wt'ider and more spreading, and not hreing abrupt sides; so says AHn in explaining and cleaner, and more abundant: (ISk, 8:) so (TA:) or accord. to most of the leading lexicologists; ·L.: 3.. [thus in the TA] and though said in the g to be a mistake of J, for all three signify a piece of rag lice a fillet; as ',. (TA.) (Ih:) or the also t3e.i- (E,K) and V: last two ( .-. and .. ) signify a piece qf ray [by rule an inf. n. of R. Q. 1:] Lax.a fiom a garment, witLh aichi. one binds his arm nem,fltccidity, orflabbine.."; and a state of comne t y, ,tl, or hand. (JK, TA.) [llincc,) motion, moving to andfro, quivering, or the like: ,. (Lh, JK, (S:) or laxness, jlaccidity, or flabbines, of a (L,b, Ik,) [like v,,] and . to and fro, like tlhing in a state of commotion, moving .;..$ , (JK,) and t g,) like 4, quivering, or the like; (TA;) as also t*. t ,.ln,; (S ;) [the latter word in ihe first of these (JK, ~, TA.) [See also R. Q. 2.] that in the second, pl. phroses being p]. of ,; t,,t : see what next precedes. and that in the third, pl. of L.a.' ;] A of i.; , 1 garnment, or piere of cloth, rent in pirces, rayged, .,i.., ( S , K, TA,) in one copy of the K corthe more is former but the C15,] in the [as , or tattered. (Lb, J K, S, K.) [See also . ... below.] It is also said tht thate L ofa garment, rect, (TA,) RelationAship; (S, I ;) and a.[inity, (.,.) ;lj.. You say, (S:) pl. or piece of cloth, is [A portion tlereof] like the syn. J*:

[Boox 1.
> j [I hare tiaes of rclatioiship, YId I.j* or ajonity, to such a one]. (S.)


: see lae: ~and see also iLe.

as though from V,6., One who acut nl, treacherously towards another, and takes Aim unawares. (TA.)

(S, Mgh, M,b, K,) aor. , (Msb, !,) 1. ,[, (1, Msb,) He hid, or concealed, it; inf. n. :, (Mgh, Msb, I;) as also t,&., [but app. in an intensive sense, or applying to a number of things,] (,) infn. . ;n 3; (TA.;) and ;°ii.I. (J9.) - lie kept it, preserved it, guarded it, or took care of it: and t -4. he did so much; and well, or carefully. (Myb.) [ile laid it up; stored it, or reposited it, in a place of safety.] J.* t. 2: see 1, in two places. [Hence, HIe kept a girl carefully conceacled from view: bee the pass. part. n., below.]

3. ,ikb

utt., (1$,) inf. n. ;1 ... , (TK,)

I proposed to him as an enigtna, IYhat is such a thing? syn. · 41_. (]. [See also8.]) 8. '.WI It was, or became, hidden, or concealed: (Mgh:) he hid, or concealed, himself. It is also trans.: see 1. - [Hence,] (S.) °..l He expressed a thing enigmatically 't :L. to hitn, and then asked him respecting it. (IDrd, Ig. [See also 3.]) (TA) and );l, *i. (S,Msb,0)and t .. of the measure &J from L.Ji [or rather .. a.Jl], .il,(Har from ,.iu1 and u like a.ii and li (K,) of (8, 1) and ai, p. 426,) and *', which last the pl. is .ti1., (TA,) A thing that is hidden, or concealed, (.,0 Msb, IC,) and absent, ._ The rain. * or unseen. (I.) [Hence,] :,..JI (Th,$,K .) And ;b'l $.s The plants, or *¢.1 Thse seed ~;j* herbage. (S,K.) And which the sower has hidden in the earth: or what God has hidden in the mines of the earth. (TA, ~i kg1' Slj~cJ ;1i . l from a trad.) 'jv;, in the lur [xxvii. 25], is held by Az to mean Who knometh what is unseen in the heamens and the earth; agreeably with an explanation of :, 0 .j by Fr. (TA.) :4,,: see the next preceding paragraph. (I,TA. [In the ?~ A daughter; syn. . *t 1is put for " Ij.]) Hence the prov., CK, *i . i;4 [A daughter is better than i,a: 4 a grorwn-up boy of evil deedx]. (TA.) [In Freytag's Arab. Prov., i. 438, the first word in this prov. is written ;U, and followed by y..] Aboo-Zeyd Sa'eed Ibn-Ows El-Anbee entitled because he comone of his books '. ,S menced it by mentioning li.e in the sense of ,-;., quoting the foregoing prov. in confirmation thereof. (TA.)

Boox I.] ;as:ee m.
;ll A woman who shows herselfand then (Ksh and Bd in xi. 25, and TA,) or] from , ,.l, (9, M9b,) (L,) inf. n. r) or from became, lowly, or was, TA) Msb, man, (a H:Ie Aumble, or submisire, (S, Msb, .K,TA,) in heart, (Msb,) and obedient, (TA,) ~ to God. (S, TA.) And in like manner, in the [ur [xi. 25], (TA,) means IAnd who have become ?' Jl 1i;, lowly, humble, or nbmissuie, [and obedient,] to their Lord; or have lorered, humbled, or abased, themselves to theirLord; or have trusted to their Lord: (A,* TA:) for the Arabs put jO in the place of J. (TA.)


bad,foul, or abominable]. (A.) And or nauous]. (A.) And U

!i. His soul


t [Its taste was, or became, bad,foul, abominable, [or stomach] became heavy; (TA;) it heaved, or became agitated by a tendency to vomit; syn. ±~J: (A and TA in the present art., and g and ] in art. j;b: [see also -L ,yls, in rt. jJ :]) a phrsee forbidden by Mobaummad to be used; as though he disliked the word %L. : ' ,* (TA.) One says of certain food, ,.;1 : [The soul, or stomach, beeome weay, or heamws, or becomes agitated by a tndency to vomit, in _., (H,A,As,) conuence of it]. (TA.) -

hides herse: ($,O, TA:) [like izi:] or a
woman who heeps to her houW, or tent. (.K.)
Lt.d. A well-known kind of structure; (J;) [i. e. a hind of tent, (Mgh, TA,) made of wool,

(Mgh, Mqb,) or of camels fur, or sometimes of
[goats'] hair, sometimes upon two poles, or three; what is above this kind being termed Jl: (Mgb:) or a tent haeing one pole; that which (AZ, bhas more than one pole being termed %: [or TA in art. j:) [or] also applied to a ~ , voce TA tent] of any kind: (Towsheeb, (Mpb:) it is q. . :) pL a.&l, (TA,) or 4.d: from ;. "he hid it," or "concealed it :" (Mgh:) or it belongs to art. eu : ( :) most of the lexicologiats hold that its radical letters are is*: IDrd asserts that they some, that they are ,: (TA :) [Sce also art. ,i..] - A mark ame t, made roith a hot iron upon some secret part of an

c..& A low, or depressed, tract of ground: inf. n. 4, ($, K,) said of a man, signifies [in (TA:) or a low, or depressed, (S,) or concealed like manner] He was, or became, , (9, A, and lorw, (TA,) tract of ground, in which is sand: (g, TA:) or a wide, or spacious, low tract of ground: (IAsr, A, V :) or a plain, or soft, tract of ground in a [stony tract such as is termed] ;u_: (TA:) and a wide bottom, or bed, or interior, of a valley: (A:) or a deep lalley, easy to be wallked or ridden through, extended [to a great lngth], and in which grow varieties of the

e~celent le-camel: pl. 7..LZI. (Lth, .) see :: and see also 8.

1,) meaning bad, corrupt, base, or abominable; miched, deceitful, guileful, artful, crafty, or cunning. (S, K,TA. [See also 4.]) [Hence,] He committed adultery, or fornica~ X I tion, with her. (A, Mgh, M 9b, .) - [It is also said of a venomous reptile and the like, meaning It was, or became, maliynant, or nozious; im-

#L&: (TA:) pl. [of pauc.]


and aA; [of

:.4.'', and its pl. Qi': see :,, places.

..: (A, K:) it is a genuine Arabic mult.] ; in two word. (TA.)

pure, unclean,foul, orJilthy.] (TA,) or , d C iA1 8.


&1,A ;b An artiJ:cte,or a stratagem, resulting in disappoitmnunt; i. q. .q1i.; (AHei, 1;) formed [from the latter] by transposition. (Agei.) .lt~, Ias sometimes pronounced, (Msb,) or .. iL, with the . suppressed, (S, Msb, .K,)because of frequent usage, (Msb,) i. q. _ [q. v.]; (S, , (i. c <;) i. e. A large jar: pl. iel [ie. "he i hid it," or "conor ,1wl], ('IA:) from ; cealed it." (S,Myb.)- [Hence,] ait4 JI

t Wine. (HIar p. 305.)
Le..*A place, or chamber, for hiding or concealing [anything]; a secret place or chamber:



$T~ ... ; so in the [S nnd] 0, and in some of the correct copies of the l; in other copies of the Y 3.ta..; (TA;) [and thus in the CK ; A girl that is [(ept in the htose, or tent,] concealed from view; or that econceal herself; (S;) that is kept behind, or nithin, the curtain; (I, TA ;) not goingforth: or (TA) that is not yet married. also applied 'to a man; meaning as above; or Bad, corrupt, vitious, or deprared. (TA.) (Lth,.g, TA.)
"C ..~ t Still; motionless: as also One r'ho conceals himself in order that ".I~he may sea without the knon'ledge of him wcho is (TA in art. .) sn. (Mgh.) *.

,.&ll, (so in a copy of the A, [but the fo;mer I believe to be the right,]) This is of the things :.In him is lowliness, humility, or sub- that cause the soul [or stomach] to become heary, or to heave, or become agitated by a tendency to missieness. (S, TA.) vomit. (TA.) A thing that is contemptible, or despi4. 1! lie (a man) was, or beanme, characcable; (.K, TA;) bad, corrupt, abomninable, vile, terized by (Mqb, TA) and $(M,b) [meanbaxe, or disapproved; [&Ce. ;] (TA;) and [thus] ing badnem, wichednes, deceit, &c.: see also (Aq, 1].) The Jew of Kheyber says, 4b.]. _-Iie had bad, wicked, or deceifild, i. q. .i. conpanions or friends, and a bad, wicked, or . a deceitful, family: (L:) or his companions, or ~C 0 friends, becamne bad, wicked, or deceitful: (: in art. l :) or he took to himself bad, wicked, [Tthe lawfiul, but small, supply of the means of sub- or deceitful, companions or friends ($, L, ]) or sistence is beneficial, but the large and unlawful is connex;ions or assistants. (TA.) m.l He not beneficial].. (TA.) Kh asked As respecting taught him to be bad, ickehd, or deceitful: and in this verse; and the latter replied that rendered him bad, corrupt, vitious, or depraved. ,1i.L the poet meant ,Jl. ; the former word being of ($.) - See also 2. 5: see what next follows. the dial. of Kheyber: but Kh rejoined, "If so, it behooves you W3 (A, TA) He made a show of being, the poet would have said je;l: 6. only to say that the people of Kheyber change .. or pretended to be, bad, wicked, or deceitful. [either in the (TA.) And you say also Vt 3 into ,; in some words :" AM thinks that ,;J Jl, same sense, or as meaning He affected, or enin this verse is a mistranscription for l which means the thing that is " contemptible and deavoured, to be bad, wicked, or decitfi(; or (TA.) - It is to do that which mas '. , or bad,&c.]. (A,TA.) bad," and is syn. with o..l.




311 3 "


10. '.

[HIe deemed, or esteemed, ,


i. e; bad, &c.].




.r;anI [Tle Arabs used to deem impure, unclean, foul, or filthy, such as the serpent and the scorpion]. (Mob.)- 1 He deemed bad, or corrupt, a word, or a dialectic variant. (A, TA.) .: (O, Mgh, Mb, i :) an inf. n. of [used as a simple subst., it means Any of the q. v., q., qualities denoted by the epithet signifies the j.i. i. e. badness, &cc.:] and mean. same: (g :) or this is a subst. from l ing " he had a bad, wicked, or deceitful, fimily;" (TA;) and signifies the state of /haing bad, or wiched, or deceitf, companiou or ~fi connesion, : (L:) taih., also, is sy. wita

aor. ', (Mhb, c, &c.,) ,, ($, Mgh, Msb, 1. b The mention of him, or it, was, 1. :, former being the c,,, (S,) oit, or n. inf. li,) or became, concealed: (L:) [app. meaning li, or a simple subst., (M.b,) or both, (Mgh, ], [the it, wsu, or became, obscre; or of no reputation, latter word erroneously written in the CK ,]) accord. to Z, i. q. ', or repute.] and .ad., (K1,) said of a thing, ($, Mgh, Meb,) [q.v.]: occurringinatrad. (TA.) [Seeo. ,..] . [q. v., meaning bad, It was, or became, [Hence,] ($,Mgh,Myb,g.) d.I He became in what is tenmed C,r &c.]; contr.offU.. 4. i [Its, or its, odour was, or became, .4a5a1; [q. v.]. (A,TA.)--And,(H, Mb, ,TA,)[hence,


[Boo 1.

[.~L, and so is] v ZI , (1,) [for] this last ful, guileful, arful, crafty, or cunning; (, , or dispositions! [app. addressed to a woman, as (QC:) and an adulterer, the context seems to show; and agreeably with is another inf. n. of , like !4,, (, Mgh, TA;) as also t ,c4:
],) or it is a simple subat. (M,b.) [Hence,] the first particularly signifies Adultery, or for, in three nication. (JI, TA.) See also places. or a fornicator: (Msb :) and a blamer, or censurer: or a slanderer, or calumniator: (Har p. 611:) [and, applied to a venomous reptile and the like, malignant, or noxious; as well as impure, unclean,foul, orflthy :] the fem. is 'l.':

an assertion in .Iamp. 810, that Ud.. is sometimes used in speaking of an old woman]. (L, means t Having the sotl [or % t. ~ TA.) 1 stomachk] eavy, [or heaving, or agitated by a tendency to womit,] and in a disagremble sate. The dross of iron, (8, TA,) and of silver, applied to a lie occurs (TA.) And t X. ., (A,TA) and when they are molten. (TA.) [Hence the say- (Msb:) the pl. masec. is . . app. in an intensive ,V accord. in a trad. as meaning ' .W [lit. Pure gold is not for which it is allowable to say t 2;1 ing,] 1J. (TA.) In the abominable]. Very e. [i. sense A, (S, like drousl; meaning : the good is not like tAs to the dial. of Temeem, (Msb,) and , ,·I i3- dl or 3;; (Mgh,) il, . Adulterating alloy in gold and Myb, TA,) like :.j, [pl. of O,], (Msb,) and saying, bad. (A, TA.) iron .jc. (klar p. 135.)- A thing lherein is .jtlX, like .,1F [another pl. of J .], (Msb, (Mqb,l 1,*TA,) (Mgh, X, JIj JI " no good. (TA.) ! Excrement, or ordure: im- MF, TA,) and .4L, (Kr, Myb, MF, TA,) like Msb, TA,) or t - 1 >, (Myb,K, t purity, or filth. (Mgh in art. Ji, and TA.) a%. pl. of a,, (Msb, MP,TA,) two instances TA,) a form of words which Mohammad directed Il! WIt "1 > lIence the saying in a trad., 'E of which the like can scarcely be found, (Msb,) his followers to pronounce on entering a privy,. (Mgh .1 [explained in art. ''_]. '. 1 or is not found among so,rnd words, for e! pi. or place of retirement for the relief of nature, ubi supra, and TA.) of kS is an unsound word, (MF, TA,) and because devils are in such a place, (Mgh, TA,) %4J I is pl. of . I, (Mgh, Mqb, TA,) and 1,,4, (AZ,TA,) which is also extr., (TA,) so is .L.JI accord. to the dial. of Temeem, (Msb, is a pl. of XJ.,) , (like as Ij. ith respect to [and ill. 4: see (Mgh, TA ;) TA,) and ,;l.JIl is pl. of i,JI; pl. and the meaning is, I seek protection by God, to t;, a slave signifies t Unlanful capture; capture applied in the A, in art. .. , from a peoplb whom it is unlawful to make of i,] ,i. [applied only to rational or O God, I seek protection by Thee, from the and i daves, (Mgh,O , TA,) by reason of a treaty, beings]: (Mgh :) and the pl. fem., i. e. of 4,., male devils and the female devils, (lAth, Mghi, or league, made nith them, (Mgh,TA,) or of J.lI Myb, 1g, TA,) of the genii and of mankind: some sacred, or inviolable, right, originally be- is ,' . (Msb,TA) and'.l: .. (Mgh.) (Mgh:) or, reading V " 1, [as a subst,] from longing to thAn. (TA.) You say of a slave, ,I.e~l, mentioned in the lKur [xiv. 31], (TA,) infidelity and the devils: (Aboo-Bekr, TA:) or, [There is no un- means The colocynth: or the . S. 6 4 , , , (.K; TA,) [so reading, and regarding 3,~Jl as. .j 0! as pl. of lawful capture in his cau, from having run a. ay, which is a certain plant that clings to the branches t .4.i; used as a subst.,] from infidelity and of trees and has no root in the earth; (8 and K arts of disobedience: (Myb, TA:) or, from nor from having been stolen]. (A.) -_ Xj [a species of cuscuta, or dodder;] wicked, or unrighteous, conduct, such as adultery 4i.J is like the saying a i' t[Such a one is in art. ^*;) that cling to trees: (TA in the and the like, and cullrxble actions and evil qualij3y0 or yellow (S.) fornication]. or tie oispring of adultery, occurring in a trad., as mean- ties or dispositions: El-Khat.bee asserts that also :) art. present And '.a J XjL oJ means S Such a one was the garlic-plant; and the onion; and the the reading ing 1,JI, with the ,o quiescent, is a born 4;u;iously. (A,* L.) leek; because of their disagreeable taste and mistake of the relaters of traditions; but. Eu~.~1~: see the next paragraph, in two places. odour. (IAth, TA.) It is said in a trad. respectNawawee rejects this assertion. (TA.) 1,1 slain at Bcdr, t ' .. .t the ing (, Mgh, M; Mb, ;) contr. of ~d. VTe7y were cast into a n)ll co'rupt, and corruptapplied to objects of the senses and to those of ,- (Msb.) 1 . fern. of the epithet , . the intellect; (Kull p. 177;) to sustenance, or ing what fell into it. (TA.) 1 , ' or deeitwicked, bad, A a subst.,] as [used Also, victuals, and to offspring, and men, and to other (, L,) or. (1:,) and V. and , action: culpable a and or disposition; quality ful, TA:) things: (TA:) Bad; corrupt: (Msh, a man, to applied K,) (S, L, , : and (TA) ;) TA (Msb, abominable; disapproved, hated, or -A t[TIhe pl. a .l. (L, TA.) [Hence,] himself bad, wicked, this, accord. to IAar, being its primary signifi- signify One who takes to wrine. (T meaning] &c.; qualities bad of mother (S, L, K, TA) cation: (TA :) or so in respect of taste, and of or deceitful, conlmpanions or fiiends last senttence._ in art. .) See also .. , , odour: (Mgh:) [nasty, nauseous, loathsome, or or connexions or assistants: (TA:) or t 3V which the things Those signifies 1 1 also disgusting:] impure, unclean, foul, or filthy: as a determinate noun, [withlout the article Jl,] Arabs deemnedfoul, orfilthy, or unclean, and which (Mgh, Myb, TA :) unlawful; (Mgh, Msb ;) ap- is only used in calling to, or addressing, a person: and scorpions, 't t..;: they did not eat; such as vipers, plied in this sense to certain food: and, applied (]g :) you say, ;) (S fem. a '; i , or W.,], and the to certain beverage, injurious: (TA:) applied and to a man and woman together, c)c 1;l tz: and the t.o [i. e. either or mouse. (L) rat, the and beetles, and J, certain in a to medicine such as is forbidden , the (L,TA:) and in the phrase V .- '.. such unlawful, and impure trad., it means either applied to a man, (TA,) signifies ' ,, former word signifies bad, wiched, or deceitful, am wine &c., or nauseous to the tasts: (lAth, in himself; and the latter, karing bad, wicked, '~1. [i.e. Very bad or wicked or deceitful; or in taste, TA:) you say that a thing is ~ or deceitJul, companions orfriends and assistants. much addicted to adultery or fornication]: pl. [and in odour,] and in colour: and you apply (A 'Obeyd, TA.) One says also, , t . l, meanthis epithet to adultery, or fornication; and to [0 bad or wviccld or deceitful man!]; A property unlawfully acquired; and to blood, and ing U•: Besee . to the like things which God has forbidden: and to a woman, * .:.t _, (S, K,) indecl., with (TA:) also to such things as garlic and onions kesr for its termination, (S,) and i' . I,. (K in two places. see ',-, .. ~: (M;b, TA) and leeks, (TA,) which are disagree- [accord. to SM: so in all the copies in hIishands; ib.: see &i.. alble in taste and odour: (TA:) and to such but not found by him in any other lexicon: not things as the serpent and the scorpion: (Mb :) in the C1g, nor in my MS. copy of the .K.]) pl. [compar. , ,. and superl. of ]: a: applied to language, it means toppnobrious, or t o1. also occurs, in a saying of El-Hasan, qf a reviling nature; (TA;) and tbad or corrupt 4,l.1t.. [They ,11 addressed to the present world, le,Jt. (L.) And 1tS.I. (TA.) You say, lin respect of authority; or of a bad dialect]: or deceitfdl, wicked most the by El-I1ajjj to Anus, as are the torst, or (A, TA:) applied to religion, tinjidel, or of the · a:*. t was said 4 & 1 [le is of U: and is also used as meaning of men]. (TA.) And l.! nature of infidelity: (TA:) applied to a man, meaning IJ TA.) And is (A, men]. of &c., worst, the budl, corrupt, base, or abominable; wicked, deceit- 0 [thou of] bad, wicked, or deceitful, qualities 1






BooK I.]

... e-, 0 g.

I.a. in (S, l,) O*' &-' It is the worse, or more corrupt, [in Htence the phrase, (8,) ; JJI so in the (TA, [and J;je, lexicons some good or dialectic repect of authority,] of the two words, mistake, suggested to be a this 1 think CI, but (A, TA.) - Q.jA.lt Urine and dung var iants. !g:) by the explanation, which is not literal,]) i. q. M sb, A, Mb, g) of a human being: (S, (~, [which properly signifies I will or womit and human ordure or thin human JJi& C~lj thy knowledge, or what thou know assuredly and mouth, ordure: (Fr,TA:) or fetor of the here means, as is shown by the but knowvest, of disquietude and sleeplesnes, or sleeplesse: by reason of grief. (].) It is said in a trad., manner in which the phrase that it explains is mind mentioned in the S, I will assuredly tryj, prove, Jj i.l0,Lia '9 [T hte man , ~Lhit ~se# 1)t or test, thy state, and so know what thou knovest]. shall not pray whilehe is striving to suppress the (S,l.) [Hence, also,] the saying of Abu-durine and ordure]. (TA.) ; , (s,)or , pi .el Dardk, .l/ to be persons of whom the people the I:found (A,~,) which in *TA,) (, j : .. or test, them, or [Tryj, prove, thus: it is said 3, is imperfectly last word, also pronounced 1 i. e. there or him:] hate them, thou wilt him, and decl., (TA,) is similar to '*.S . 3J L) when is hated but his conduct [of them] is; not one [rad means He fell into a state of things that when (1 :) or or tested: or proved, is tried, it TA.) mwabad, corrupt, disapproved, &c.]. (.K, thou triest, provest, or testest, them, thou wilt to be bad, ichked, hate them: the imperative form being used, but _ One who teaches others or dceitful: and some allow it to be applied to the meaning being that of an enunciative: (S, A, one who attributes, or imputes, to others what L, B:) [,. ~ is a verb of the kind called l also . is bad, wicked, or the like. (TA.) -See objective two 1, ttyw which govern a. ea,.p comple3 a 0. #.-# , in four places. and &W ei are for ments; therefore. ',;.i

; (1;) are syn. (A, g,,) inf.n... . [as signifying He informed him, told him, or -19-0 acquainted him]. ($, A, ].) You say, e .1 1,., (s, M,b,) [and 1.b ' ,] and V, e^ (s,) [I informed him, or told him, of such a thing; or acquainted him with surch a thing; or made him to know the internal, or real, state of such a . '0t [He ;1, i. e. .'~. thing.] And Vt#j'.
informed Aim, or told him, of what he had, or 1 is knew]. (]. [Whether it be meant that .M&doubly trans. without a particle, in this instance, be a quasi-iun. n ,is like .,t, or whether : not explained.]) One says also, dJ,pq... C · 1:I[Hisapect acquaintsone with his unhnonn state or qualities]. (A.) [And ; je..1 He pre-


tfound I JI ';J dicated of him, or it.] the milch camel to be aboundin;g with milk. (]s. [See 1, last sentence.]) and see 10, in four 5: see 1, in two places: (m,)They l-j, 3, (1,) or ;° 3 places. - ~ bought a sheep or goat, ($, 1,)for different sums, (TA,) and dlaughteredit, ($, g,) and divided its .flesh among themselves, ($, TA,) each of thm +11~e C"*I. and. 91 :) ?";, tA canse of evil or corruption: (S, receiving a share proportionedto the sum that he (TA.) So in the saying of 'Antarah, ~9,l) .&., [and, as appears from a passage in had paid. (TA.) pl. :'1. the L, ttys., (see j.e,)] He furrowed, or j W 8: see 1, in three places.- L i; ploughed, the land for sowing. (Msb.) * : $b.. e- ·, What k., or flesh-meat, hast thou boughtfor $ .1.JI, (i,) aor. ', inf. n. .e., (TA,) He made thyfamily? (TA.) a the food grea.y; or put grease to it. (., TA.) 10. .q_l,(A, 1) and *.3 (1) He asked, [I have been told that 'Amr is not thanlhful.for mnyi -,.' jZa. It (a place) was, or became, rlhat is termed sought, or desired, of him information, or news, --or beneficence: and ingratitudeis a cause of evil to the (S:) 1. lote-tr,es]. [or j. with abounded or (S:) '.1-: (A, 1:) or he asked hinm respecting tidings: or '69 sonlof the benefactor]. (S.) One says also, &. -And inf. n. , (],) aor. .,J , ,;, -TA.)-And and desiredthat he should inform or tidings, nemw, qI.&.. [In him, or it, are many causes of j.., with abounded ground, land, or The _.., (TA,) and *J.3, (S,) ~_... And (TA.) him thereof. ,se evil or corruption]. (A.) And ; [npp. 3]. (g.)soft soil: see meaning j. [napp. and t; ' , (TA,) He asked, or j.~ or '..J, S Food that is a catue of heavines to the soul [or [probably ~ ., like .jj~&c.,] inf. n. inquired, after the news, or tidings, ($, TA,) that s .j., [probably stomach]; or of heaving, or becoming agitatedby a tendeny to vomit: or that is unlanful. (TA.) :S/te(acamel)aboundedwitl&milk. might knowe the same: (TA:) and tj ?, She (a camel) aboundedwith milk. (L , he -. 5e TA. He searched after the news, or tidings, j .L:a [Sec °e.]) , ;...: see ~L and L Ji: and U diligently, or time after time. (A, TA.) 2: see 4, in two places: and see L in four places. esee ,.. - Also Trees of the hind called 3. (TA,) inf. n. ,AeL.., (., A, Mgh, 3. ,l~, Msb, &c.,) [He made a contract, or bargain, ., &, Msh, [or lote-trees], (Lth, g,) and at;l, with with him to till and sow and cultivate landfor a abundant herbage around them; (Lth;) as also (TA;) and share of its produce:] the inf.n. signifies i.q. L j.., nor. , (1i,) inf. n. j;.; V# t °~: (Lth, 1 :) [both coll. gen. ns. :] ns. un. t or had, or a&A." hknew; (p; (.e;). K; ,, and ,. a&l. [i. e. the making a contract, or bargain,with possessed, hnowledge; :.e [of a thing; gene- another another to cultivate land for a share of its pro- '":e and h'.^. (TA.) _ Seed ducc (e.). _ duce], (AO, Lb, $, A, IAth, Mgh, M9b,) for A place where water rests, or stagnates, in a or rally meaning, with respect to its internal, sonmewhat of its produce, (?, Msb,) orfor a third mountain: (1 :) a place where water has fallen, Msb,) soinewhat - (&S,A, , real, state]. (~, TA.) . at.[per(Msb, MS;') or a quarter, (AO, Mgh,) or for a determined such as the water-courehasfurrowed (.' ; aor. , (Msb, M$,) inf. n. share, such as a third or a quarter or some other lialis the summits in for 'i]) a mistranscription halps ;) and je; (TA inf. n. ., [aor.: ,] (A,) and portion, portion, (lAth,) or for half or the lihe: (so in (,.~j) [of mountains], and tArough which one .;il.l, andt a;.; (TA;) He hnerw it; syn. some some copies of the ]~ and in the TA:) or the motles. large [leathern water-bag of wades. (L.) ~A ,..J.; ($, A, Msb;) [generally meaning, with tiUin .9 the ground for half or the like: (so in tilling the hind called] ;j.. [q.v.]; (f, ;) as also respect to its internal, or real, state; like ?,p other ,pies of the J:) and i. q. I,VI: ( :) other copies (V:) (g :) but this last is 1 *1e&- (Kr, 1) and t .: from distinguished as subst., its t, simple see s and a and t o. is syn. with e .l: (S, g:) it is a disallowed, in the sense above-explained, by e o, -a--' I '" ! d -/ A l" l its inf. n.] You say, , forbidden practice: (A, Mgh, TA:) it is from AHeyth; and others say that the first word is 0 (so in a copy of the $,) or ;* , (so in another J&-,& . signifying " a tiller, or cultivator, of land :" better (,J .)_ better: (TA:) pl. of the first... copy of the S, and so in the A, where it is ex. (,Mgb:)orfromj.&. (S,Mgh:) or from j. "he furrowed, or ploughed Hence, by way of comparison thereto, (1,) A presly said to be with kesr,) Whence knewnest thou (land) also: (Msb :) she-camel abounding nith milk; (f, ];) as also ;" whence (land) for sowing !#% (S,],) aor. L, this thing? (S, A.*) - And j., or from er'l "the land abounded with vJ-d. ';,J booi ;j _ [JU]. (TA.) .y, (],) and V ,) or the latter is jt;eL:" (S, X, ($,) inf. n. ~ and because j'.et :" or from [the fortress of] J.tL, i-ed. a simple subst.; (Mqb;) and t,.&..l [which is the . . (S, A, .) and and t",,. an ( the Prophet made it to remain in the possession the more common in this sense]; (q, Msb, I ;) of its inhabitants for half of its revenue; and inf. n., (Msb,) and .d., also an inf. n., (TA,) 4.6.0 H'e tried, made trial of, made experiment of, . (TA.) therefore it was said, .t. and ;j . and ti ,)nowoie e, and teted, prowved, assayed, proved by trial or experi[of a thing]: 4. 9b, g,) : [inf. n. & ;] ($, A, Myb, ] ;) and sy..4, (, A, Mi 4. 6JJ. *'., m~ or experience, him, or it. (S, Msb, '.) 1

buys for hisfamily; as also t,a: (]:) accord. Mqb;) Msb;) 08also * j: (A[n:) or pos~si uam to some, (TA,) JliAh-mat (g, TA) rwhich one knowmldge rwitlh r~pct to internal things; like tnOmk48 buys for his family. (TA.) _ Food, (g, TA,) .1cb with respect to external things: (L in art. .1c conting of fleh-meat and other kinds.. (TA.) I.s :) or po~sseing knowle,dge of matter of in-- A thing brouyht forward or offered [for en- -he!:) fornation, news, tidings, accounts, narratios, tsrtainment]. (L!4, X.) So in the saying, fornsation, or stories; of uhat is termed .; (;) or of .df3,,. ~;i. l,a.! [They congreyated over what what whAat are termed j%lli; (TA;) as also tei he had brought forward, or offered, for their entertainment]. (L.) - A mes of crumbled, and Vt c&, (],) which last is thought by I8d to or broken, bread, moistened with broth, large, be a possessive [as distinguished from a verbal] (, TA,) and greasy. (TA.) - A borl in which epithet, (TA,) [or it is from ', a form which ' .. ... are breadandflesh-meatforfour orfie [personx]. 18d ISd may not have known,] and t.s, (1],) which j.,/: seev d.:mand see also 3:mand see (g.) -Food which tlu traveller carries in his iis is an intensive epithet: (TA:) also informed; 0.. .,d., in two places. journey, (.,) andprovides for himself. (TA.) _- posessing posJessing information. (TA.) You say, ti i Sasoning, condiment, or savoury food; as also e. [originally] an in. n. of I have knoaledge of it. (A.) And [hence] : see. ; l; l (TA.) - Also Information; a piece of infor- tjed..: whence the saying, t;0lt Jj je.o.JI oJIl is a name of God, meaning He who knaoa mation; a notifcation; intellgenrce; an an- ~ [He brought us a cake of bread, but he efli elA whhat hath been and what is or will be: CTA:) nonncement; news; tidings; a piece of news; brought us not any seasoning]. (TA.) - Hence, or lIc who n.ell knometh the inte.rnl qualities of an account; a narration,or narrative; a story; by the Karaj, whose land is adjacent to 'Ira]5 things. (Sharh Et-Tirmidhe.).Also Ponesring thin.qx. syn. (T, V;) that comes to one from arrson el-'Ajam, applied to A date; and by some of them knowledge of God, (K, TA,) by being acquainted pronounced 'Ls.. ,vith his an,oes and his attributes. (TA.)..A ivith (TA.) of whom he asks it: (TA:) or , . and U are lawycsr; otie one skilled in the law, or practicalrenot synonymous; for, accord. to Er-RAgliib and ak.&. Trial, proof, or test; (S, Msb, 1 ;) and Uyion. l;yion. (TA.) A head, or chief. (TA:) , A others, the latter relates to a thing of great imtiller, or cultivator, of land. (q, Mgh, Msb, 15.) tillop.' so as in the saving, j J . portance: and accord. to the leading anthorities Fir,or soft hair, syn. j, (S, ],) of camels, proof, or test, veffried the information]. - Fitr, in lexicology and the science of conventional lan- [Thte trial, and tof the wild ass. (TA.) (S.)_ Hair that has See also ., in three places. guage, the former signifies properly, and in its fallen: fallen: and with ;, a portion theeof. (5.) common acceptation, what is relatedfromn another Wi&., (Lth, S,l,) and i. .,, (S,) and [See also ;.e below.] tPlants, or herbage; or others: to which authors on the Arabic lanto;, (Lth, 1, [in the CK ;i,]) or ,o f. (S, ]g, ,.TA ;) fresh herbage: (]k, TA:) likened to guage add, that it may be true orfalse: (MF:) thle j of camels, because growing like the latter: or rw/tat is related from another or others, and (%,) A plain, or level, tract of land, that produces tiae j.b. [or laote-trees]: (9, 1 :) or a tractabounding and seed-produce. (TA.) It is said in a trad., talked of: (M,b:) pl. L4., (., Mb,) and with trees, in the lon,er part of a meadow, in tJI -t -11 : t We cut ($, TA) with the pl. pl. .. 1. (1.)- By the relaters of trawhich nwter remains until the hot season, and in reaping-hook, (TA,) and eat, the plants, or ditions, it is used u ryn. with 4 *_ [signifying lwhich grow trees of the kinds called 1j and lterbage. herbage. (S, TA.) - Froth, or foam: (TA :) A tradition; or narrativerelating, ordeasribing, lijl, with abundant herbagearoundthem: (Lth :) or the fm.oth, or foam, of the moutlu of catels. a saying or an action ,Jc.of AfMohamnad]: (TA:) and ,j;c S (;, K, TA.) - Seasoned, or made savoury. or this latter term is applied to what comes from the pl. of Iis. is 5;1 and ; (TA.) - See also ;a. the Prophet; and j., to what cones f'omN(S, 1[) and ;1.; (K;) and the pl. of >; is another than the Prophet; or Jrom hinm or te; i- (TA;) [or this see see 4. is neither a pi. nor a another; and ,l, to what comes from a Com- quasi-pl. n.: it may be a coll. gen. n.: but it is ;>ez: see ;.r, in two places. -Also Good panion of the Prophet; but it may also be applied probably only an epithet, of which j6. is the wool, of tlefirst shearig. (1.) . [See also,.] to a sying of the Prophet. (Kull p. 152.).._ fem.; for] one says also -C? p4, (t,TA,) ~An g..,. ~An invitation to tie ; [q. v.] of a boy. [In grammar, as correlative of 1-;, An enun(TA.) meaning a place abounding with j,.. (TA.)_ciatire: and as correlative of ,1, the predicate :l.' also signifies A place where rowater collects .Hl.: see . .Also One who tries, proves, of the non-attributive verb Si, and the like, and and stagnates: (TA:) or wihere water collects Dr or tests, things; having ewperi~nce. (TA.) of j, &c.] - Also A man's state, or case; antl stagnates at the roots of trees of the kind 6 ;j_i. A certain plant: ( ::) or a kind of tree, j_WU. called j../: (K, TA:) or a round low tract of Fiavipig having a bloxsswm beautiful and bright, yellow, 0. ·. a.. level ground in rvirct water collects. (T.) S_ee m: see jo., in two places. iznd and See also '., of goal oldour, with which gardens are also jL.. ~And see e... 0..,.. 4 . 4.. adorned: MF says, I do not think it to be found adorneti: or t. and il; . , and ;ti. $,ftp land or soil, (IAr, $, A, Mgh, I.,) in the East. (TA.) , alone: s: .ee . in which are burrontws (IAr, ?, A) and hollows; .c.jl, (15,TA,) in some copies of the 15 5..JIl, · *a 0·* (IAar;) as also ?:I'i: (A:) or soft land or written jt.: see .&., in two places. - Also A p/or(TA,) soil, in which beasxts sink and are embarrassed: wRritten t.iJI, "*' The bIlack sepent. (.) tion, or share, (A'Obeyd, S, A, Mghl, K,) which go or cr,umbling ground, in which the feet o beamts So in the saying, t .e. ..Ji, gi l - [Afay God one takes, of flesh-meat or fish. (A 'Obeyd, S, afflict 3 ajfliet him, or it, with the black serpent]: app. xink. (TA? ) It is said in a prov., _ q C ].) - A seep. or goat, which is bought by a because a ruined place becomes the resort of ;UIt i*1 j.i4Jt [He whIo avoid soft ground in n,aber of persons, ($, .(,) foil J;.erent ums*, deadly serpents (TA.) One says also, sA (TA,) and dlaughtered, (S, ]5,) dhd of ,hieh the which thefeet sink will be ecure from stumbling]. l .C& .Ck.&.i Jt. JI [May perdition befaUll im, flh is tien diridsd by them among themselves, (A, 1..)-Also Ileaps of earth, or dust, coland jthe fCver of Kheyber: IS.0JI being app. (g,) each of them receiving a shareproportioned lected at the roots of trees. (1, TA.) And and Q.a to te sum that he ham paid; (TA; [see ;]) as Burrows of i). [or large jield-rats]: (1 :) an inf n., syn. with jiJlI, which is used in a abo *L,~ : (15:) ad*;, similar 3 a sheep, or [a coll. gen. n.:] n. un. with L. (TA.) mentioned in the the phrase (G,j l 41) goat, divided among several persons; thought by TA in art. , and a J.0*. d being altered to , L,JI The lion. (5 .) 18d to be formed by rejection of the augmentative as is indicated in the $, in order to assimilate it letter [in its verb &3]. (TA.) -_ What on ~' Knowing; having knowledge; ($, A, in form to S.j1Jt]: (1, TA:) the fever of a a -See

(A, ]:) or, accord. to some, `i signifies An,ld of te ~eret interna state: and tV". and t jh signify knowedg of the oternal and in. 1fnal state; or, U some say, of scret intenal cirmmtitane or properties; but this necesmarily involves aequaintance with external things. (TA.) You say, j e and 5. [&c.] I have knowledge of it. (TA.) And ' f i [&c.] I ham not lanourtdg of it. (A.) -See also I have not kowl A?_edg -_. And see , : *and ',"..

[Boox r.

BooK I.]
there i a Aind t~ereof tAat turn with twe sn. Kheyber is ;ft- [i.e. a fever "against which lexicons, mith hisforefeet. (TA.) And ,:'3 (TA.) people arn one another," because it is generally 'Jl'Jll &'~1t TAh camels beat the [herbag~ mith their legs. (TA.) called] jt,. .] , [See also ml].'(TA.) 5: see 1, latter part, in two place. no the next preceding ara ph. hisotiacn: a rel. n. formed from the &t<J 8: see 1, first sentence, in four places. 1j;t (TA.) and >M.l pl., like j'. a word of well-known meaning; (s;) [or bjt~: (¢9:) A man po~ sin j. that which is eaten. (S.) It is said [Bread;] (m, and i-: , 'i;:. (8) and tposesing dates] and j [pos~ ing like pU M) The internal state; an internal, or intrinsic, in a prov., -. b i'JI ;11 Jib [All the i,.J quality; the intrinsic, or real, as opposed to the apparatusof bread is in my posssion emcept it, milk]. (9.) apparent, state, or to the aspect, of a thing; namely, the bread itself]: the origin of which (M and V in ~ Ans own; syn. ,V. [whether pleasing or displeasing; but when used was this: a company of men demanded hospi- art. i.) absolutely, meaning the former;] opposite of tality of a certain man; and when they sat down, ,. A place here bread is made: pl.3t. [q. v.]. (v.) See also he threw down a [piece of leather such as is ,I,5.~: and of; (Meyd, in Golius.) called] CL, and put upon it a mill-stone, and 0 ,.. adjusted its pivot, and covered it [with the upper ~. -j Also stone]: and the presence of his apparatus made and see ~:am i~.n: see [A piy ;] a place where c~crement, or ordure, the company to wonder: then he took the handle , 1. -.- , aor. ;, (A, M0b, ],) inf. n. is oided (i.) and began to turn (MCb,) He mised it. (A, M9 b, .) -_, of the mill, (j.1 ; 5i ,) ; lIe turned it: whereupon they said to him, What doct thou? aor. ;; and *t P ., inf.n. ' l~,: see .e. and he answered in the words of this proverb. over and mized and made [ q.v.]: and q., A man of goodly internal, or (.) -- [Hence,] J l1'." a.JI,I[smceg herb. t,.;3(1j) and ,. j. e made, or (A,g) , 1hI, ,.U and lt of camels: the bread age is (,* TA.) 3; like _ propared,for himnelf . intrinsic, qualities; syn. ' or 't 1, sour herbage is their fruit, orfleha meaning ^ 9. (TA.) meat]. (A, TA.) haring much L~.d#Well seasoned; (s1;) a3h,: see .. 1, last sen- F~ i. q 'iL; (s, A, ;) meaning Douglh 8: ) l grease. (TA.) put in a Ua, until it is thoroughly baked, (S, tence. Their ~guet asked for, or .h : 10. TA,) i. e., in ashes, and earth, in wiich fire [q. v.]. (A, TA.) offal' a mess KL,) demanded, t A camel haring muchflesh. (TA.) is kindled; (TA;) a cake of bread, (MA, [or in (KL) [or lump of dough,] baked in ashes (TA.) - A J'Mined; syn. , o (I in art. and Leo. any 'way]; i. q. ,. kind offood, (Mqb,TA,) mnst, (TA,) ell known, .3 .)__Also A large ;&.j [or me of crumbled ($, Msb, TA,) made of dates and clarifiedbutter, o., ,(,) or (s,,) inf n ;., or brolfen bread moistened with broth]: or, as (A, k, TA,) mixed together: (TA:) [Golius ,, < 1. v.~ jL (9, :,) lie made [or hneatded arid braked] 'j. some say,.fled-meat. (TA.) [See also m.'.] adds, on the authority of Ibn- Maroof, "aut amylo et defruto;" app. meaning, or of starch [or bread]; (P,TA;) as also t4sJl: (Sb,S, (8, and baked], [or kneaded aude Bread 'ji and of new wine of which half or a third part [or he made TA:) or the * the latter signifies (TA.)_Also be. it grain whatever of TA,) hat been boiled away: and one kind, called or (l.:) himself: it for kneaded and baked] 0 a.J, jja.I signifies he kneaded jlour, and made i. q. .j. [Bread crumbled or broken, and mois- jr~. L~', ,wu made wvith coarse lmour: (see dough of it, and then baked it in a 'L [see tened with broth]. (Sgh, ].) [See also *i.] in the sense of $.' : )] of the measure Je (Esh-Shereeied below] or in an oven: (T, TA:) [and - Also a vulgar term for ia... is a more (MSb:) L, the measure Jy t"11q signifies it is made into bread: see S shee, in HIar p. 21.) (s.) i]. of a men particular term [signifying , aor. (I,A,) , l : i.]..-. and V roece The trade, or occupation, of the jls. ;4 , L.. lA spoon, or thing like a poon, with (TA,) inf. n. i., (A, ,) He fed the people, or ($.) is made; (?, as in two different which oompany of men, wuith jo. [or bread]: (9, A, LSjCL : see jA. i/ stirred copies;) a spoon with which ~ :*) like u- .q signifies "he fed them with 0 1· l .e A maker of bread; one whose ofiire it is about, or turned over, (A, L, I,) ian teu [eel :" 0 (A :) but Lb quotes the saying of certain J (QI:) or the tAk called] : 9 in wAichA , U4 :-i to make bread: (TA:) a baker; syn. k.~. 1j-1 of tbhe Arab, (L, TA.) over. turned or about, stirred is meaning [I came to the so of ruch a (Msb in art. OjJ.) ,i1s, and jils (IDrd, S, ) and t., and -e (g,) [or the one, and] they fed me with the n. nn.,] latter and the n., gen. is a coll. former & L-i is 1 j*.j Ir1: he does not say ; L 4 ., aor. :, (Myb, 1, TA,) inf. n. ~, (lDrd, ~, I) [whichl last is the (I,) and t j (TA.)-' J-, aor. , (T~,) inf. n. . (Mlb, TA,) or when (Myb, TA, &c.,) He struck, or beat, tHe beat him, or it: (1,0 TB:) accord. to most common form] and *t 5jtie., (s1,) anything: (TA:) or he struck, or beat, it, or some, with the hand: or with the two hands: with teshdeed dithe tS is elided, (IDrd,) and eje, him, vehemently: (M, J4, TA:) or ;i. signifies [or bread] is (K,) [falva, or mallowr;] a certain plant, rell a camel's striking, or beating, a thing witA kAi (TA:) and some say that ' thus called because they beat it with their known, (q, K, TA,) of the legumintous kind, forefoot: (T,TA:) or in the cases of beats, having broad leates and a round fi'uit ; [whence hands: but this assertion is not valid: (TA:) [generally meaning horses and mules and perhaps its name;] accord. to the Minhaj, a (;,1;, 4 ~, and !j :,d-, and you say also, asses,]) the striking, or beating, with the fore [corchorus olitoriowu, or species of the 4i,. and in the case and Jecw's nmallow]: or, as some say, the a1,.L. is feet; not with the hind feet: si [He beat me with his foot,] and of the camel, with the fore foot and the kind (T,) the garden-kind, and the UjL. is the wild kind: foot: or vehement treading; or of the fore feet , (A, TA.) And Jejl ,t,.j^ aI4, [sonheAs, or of beasts (.1i,): (TA:) or, accord. to the inf. n. ',., (1, ],) S The cnnel beat the ground some also say that ite ~ with his fore foot, (,,*[,*TA,) or, as in some !so-tIhistle,]is one of the species of .jL'.; and Keslhahf, the act of striking, or beating, in a wa/y 88 Bk. I.




[Bool I. that is not rigAt: or, u some say, the going, or jouneying, upon what is not tha middle, or main part, of tAe road, or waat is not tae nain road, or upon a road not open to viem: or continuous, or consecutil, striking, or beating, in diferent ways: and afterwards tropically applied to any I beating,or striking,that is not approved: or originally, the striAing, or beating, with tAe rood. (TA.) - [And hence, perhaps,] ;;i. .t Ie asked of him a benefit, or favour, without any tie of relationship; (Ia TA;) as also A t t. : (IB,Ig:) or this is from·4 l ,j, . [explained in what follows]: (Har p. 425:) or the latter, [or both,] he came to him seeking his benefic~nce without any such tie: (S :) or Ahcame to him seeking a gitl; because he who does so must beat the ground with his feet: (IF:) and you also say, dijja t1.l. (Aboo-Malik, TA.) [The latter verb is the more common. See also 10.]_ And tHe conferred a brecfit upon him without there having been any acquaintancebetieen them, (g, K, TA,) and without there being anything to draw them near, and nithout there being any relationship: (TA :) and 4 d' signifies the same: (TA:) or he beatorned on him a benefit, (K, TA,) being asked: (TA:) and you say also, I.C tL : (AbooM6lik, TA:) and , J 1. . signifies tlHe benefited them. (TA.) '.Allameh Ibn-'Abadch says, (S, TA,) praising El-Iftrith Ibn-AbeeShemir, (TA,) its author's recompense, like the beating off the leaves of the 'i44h, without cutting them down and extirpating them; for the leaves will grow again. (TA.) [See also art. 4J.] _ Hence, (A, TA,) .a .. iol ai' J1Re struck the people wits Ais swrord (A, ]g, TA.)__ 'LL .i TA touceAd him with a hurt, (K, TA,) so as to eor. rupt him, or dirorder. him, and render Aim insane; (TA;) as also J*qT.5: (K, TA :) or the latter, [which is the more common,] the devil corrupted him, or disordered him: (9, Mgh, Mgb:*) lit., strueh him: (Mgh, Mgb:) or prostrated Aim, and sported with him: or trampled upon Aim, and pIoStratedhim. (TA.) It is said in the lur

for foot or the Aind foot, and the like: (MF,
TA:) with the fore feet or legs, it is like . with the hind feet or legs. (TA.) You say, of

a camel, .i L;, (M;b,) or # v.b ; i;;, (9, ],) inf. n. as above, ($,) He strucA, or beat,
the ground with his fore foot: ($, Myb :) or he struck, or beat, vehemently tAhe ground with Ais fore foot; and * ;i. and t1 ,i1 signify the same: (1 :) it is said in the 0 that '; . signifies he struch him with his fore foot, or hand,

[ii 276', i


1 a


and prostrated Aim, u also t'J.3: and tla.,.l,
said of a camel, is syn. with ;: and in the T, that .'; is syn. nwith is.

(TA.) Hence the trad.,

,!.1 L.

[lit. Ye shall not beat the ground as tle camel does with Ahiforefoot in rising]; meant to forbid a man's putting forward his foot in rising from

prostration [in prayer]. (TA.) And .i.,


TA,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) signifies also He trod Aim, or it, vehemently, (];,TA,) as tAe tam~l doerwith his fore foot. (TA.)

Henoe, (8,) ;l±° £4..


.j: ( ,*TA)

I [Such a one goes at random, in a headstrong and reckleu manner,] liA the wcak-nighted shecamel that beats the ground with her fore feet (L4 ) as the goes along, not guarding herself from anything. ($, TA.) It is a prov., applied to him who turns away from a thing as though he were not cognizant of it: or to him who is continually falling into a thing. (.Har p. 239.) Zubeyr says,

, *,,







_,Ok"JP i*%


,-.i A.4


I saw thefates [treading mankind] like the treading of the wea-sigihted tlhe-camel: twhom they smote, him they killed: and whom they missed, he nas made to continue in life so that he lived to extreme old age. (TA, and EM p. 132.) In like manner you say, ;ts L1 :. a 1; ' lSuch one undertakes what he undertakeswith ignorance. (TA.) And ;s. * ,A 'al [ t[He prosecuted his affair without mental perception, or writhout certainty]. (S in art. .t, q. v.) And ... ikv U!;ej HXe goes in the night without a lamp, and so becomes confounded and perplexed, and unable to see his right course, and errsfrom the way, and perchance may fall into a well. (TA.) And $Jl".., (1g, TA,) aor. and inf n. as above, (TA,) tlie wrent, or journeyed, in the night without direction. (], TA.) And ,tt ;°.]Jl 'dL It [He paed the night traversing the darhness without direction]. (TA.) l is said to signify tThe act of journeyingt, or going, withoat direction: or ripon what is not the middle, or main part, of the road, or what is not the main

t[And upon every tribe thou hlaxt conferred be- (,, L, K) wietre he was, (S, L,) to sleep, (?, I) nefit, app. meaning rithout being related to them]: or and slept. (L.) And tlIe (a man) spt. (?, TA:) but it is said in a marginal note to the (A' Obeyd, TA.) In the K, jU is erroneously ?, that 4;. would be better; and so it is accord. put for-*U. (TA.)_ .. ,tJ ohL L He t. hknocked to one relation: in the L, however, it is said that upon the door, or at the door. (TA.)_..-" would be more agreeable with analogy. j. l The trein beat, or pul.sated. (TA.) (TA.) Accord. toAZ,J OjA,.JIt,inf. n. ., 2: sec 1, near the end of the paragraph. signifies tI held loving communion, commerce, or intercourse, with the man. (TA.)- [In respect 5. 3..3 It was, or became, in a state of comof the places which I have given to the above- motion, agitation, contrul.ion, tumult, or dismentioned significntions of asking and conferring turbance; syn. , L! . (Az, TA in art. a 1 ..) a benefit, I have followed the opinion of IF; but It is also trans.: sec 1; second sentence, in it is said in the TA, and, I think, with greater probability, that they are from what here next three places; and again, near thc end of the paragraph, in two places. follows.] _ I.C);. jS !l , aor. , (M9 b,) inf. n. J", (Lth, T,Msb,) lie made the leaves 8: see 1, in six places. You say also, itlI to fall from the trews: (Msb :) or he beat the .JI . tTThe she-camel eats the thorns. Ieares of the trees, (Lth, T,) meaning large trees ( (Th, TA.) of the kind called 5", [acacia, or mimosa, gum10. ' Il tHe nahed of him a means of mifera,] with a strff, or stich, (Lth,) so that they fell off, or became scattered,(Lth, T,) after which l iee.ss, nearness, intimacy, or ingratiation. (TA.) he gave them as food to camels; (Lth;) refrainWhat is beaten by beasts, (.K, TA,) with from injurintg thereby the trunks and branclas t heir feet, (TA,) and broken. (], TA.) _ of the tres: (T:) and L j. t'Lit signifies .Leares (Msb, O) of any hind (V) that have been the same as 'a . (TA.) And ;'l Je., (9, X made toJllfiom a tree; (Mqb, ]g;) by its being I,) aor. as above, (TA,) and so the inf. n., (8,) lbeaten with a staff, or stick; (I.,*TA;) used as He beat the tree with a staff, or stick, in order food for camels: (TA:) and leaves that hare that its leaves might fall off: ( :) or he bound Peen beaten off with staves, or sticks, then dried, the tree, and then made its leaves tofall, (V, TA,) cand ground, and mixed with flour or other subby beating it with a staff, or stick, to give them stanee, and beaten with the hand, and moiOtened as food to camels and other beasts. (TA.) The in a basin, with frater, until they hav become leaves are stored up for the camels; and in winter- 1iscoUs, or cohesive, when they are put into the time are bruised, or broken up, for them, and 1, mouths of camels. (Al-n, I.) The word is of the moistened with water, and given to them as neasure Ji. in the sense of the measure J, fodder. (Har p. 218.) Mohammad was asked, l ike many other instances that have been heard, Does Jlai [i. e. "the wishing for a blessing on ( M9b,) as h~ and .. ,. (TA.) the condition that it shall not become transferred from its possessor"] injure [its author] ? and he '1s IA touch, or stroke, of diabolicalpos. esnion, or insanity. (TA.) You say also, dJi answered, /bI ol I L4 '3[No, save J as the beating off tAe leaves injures the trees called I. [It such a one is a touch of dia. 'iildh]i i. e., it only diminishes, without annulling, biolical posesion, or insanity]. (TA.) - tA

1 eU.%.JI t[They shall not rie sawahuA riseth whom the de~il prostratetAi by reason of possession, or insanity]; i. e., as he who is affected by diabolical possession rises, in his state of possession, when he is prostrated, and falls: or it means, whom the devil corrupts, or disorders, by rendering himn insane. (.,* TA.) [You eay also, of a drug, J~ial I . tIt diLsordered the intellect: see the act. part. n., below.]also signifies tlIe (a man) threw himnself down



Boo I.] ingle act of a tallioncamers coering of the fEmuJi (TA.)

609 (,) (TA.) You say, jJI u also jkl. 1 i. c. e. a I, or j,t, (., 5;) I ent him the p, in order that o might ride hr camd caml ( ~") (TA) or in order that he might mab as qf hAr m;iU and her fur, or the horse i order that Ahe m;Lk mi.qht might go ot a hostile, or hostile and plundering, expedition m (h , , TA.) And t j , l, expedition upon hei and Ai, He ent him camels, and heep or goats. (M, TA.) See also 10. - Also The dividing Pu's on's camels into two halvers, that one Aalf might breed breed in each year; like au one does in land and sowing. (Ibn-'Abbid, ].*`)

";a^: see ':i.. iA; a certain malaWy, (V,) like diabolical - Also Plump in body; see :. ",.": on, or insanity, (?, V,) but not identical po and plump, in body; thin-skinned, sofi, fat, or theroewith: (., TA:) the word is also related with any animal]. (.S.) to [i. e. thing any applied to t. (TA.) [See also .] Big and strong; (AO, BAJ, ; , and tL d. horse that strikes, or 'i~i, like (in like manner, bats, with his Aindfeet: (V:) or with his fore S, K;) applied to a man; and :, (S, ],) as in TA) a lion; (K ;) and so t fet. (T, TA.) iJl ';,a. [big and strong of make]; the phrase £,; fA watering-trough beaten by the feet of : ( :) the first is applied (AA, S ;) and :,;; the carels,andto demolished: ( :) or a watering8.. 8: see 1, in two places:-and see 4. an epithet to a lion by Ahoo-Zubeyd Et-Ta-ee: ouygh; o called because its clay is beaten with as IZ 3 by El-Farezdak, to camels. ail.01 The beast remained not in it ac,-I JL& i.lodl the feet at its construction: (TA:) or a small and [the pl.] l, (Lth, ISd, gi.) ru31omedplace. place. customed (.80 tig-trough: (Aboo-Mklik, TA:) pl. k . 8See also (1.) io. He sought to corrupt, kJi j s ,i, 10. disorder, some of tAe or vitiate, render unsound, hi,l,., determinate, [and imperfectly decl.,) 1. Ji., aor. ', inf. n. Jte (JK, K, TA) and camels of such a one. (Er-RAghib.) - [And applied to "the sea." .*., (TA,) He was, or became, corrupted, un- camels tThe stupid: like ;j,. l R He asked of him the bencej bence,] allj ' ' . (TA.) sound, ritiated, or disordered, [in an absolute or the like, until camels, of his loan of some sense; and particularly] in his reason, or intellect: ~.,t~ ~L.. tOne who [frequently] goes in (JK,O,' herbage. of the abundance of time (TA:) [or he was, or became, in a corrupt, an the night without a lamp, and so becomes conasked He L., or ,Lh-l , TA.') And i6l unsound, a vitiatred, or a disordered, state, occa- TA.*) founded and perplexed, and unable to see his sioninrg himxn agitation like that of posession or of me the loan of a she-camel (], TA) in order right course, and errs from the way, and per- insanity, by disease affecting the reason and that he might ride her (TA) or in orderthat he chance mayfall into a well: occurring in a trad. below:) and hence,] he was, might make use of her milh and er fur, or a thotught: (see 3., of'Alee. (TA.) or became, possessed, or insane. (JK, K, TA.) horse in order that he might go on a hostile, or hostile and plundering, expedition upon him. ,)] Ito.,ttile Et11. Going, orjourneying, without direction: -_ And L.", [inf. n. ., (q. v. voce He Hi, asked (.K, TA.) And .4 a.l-.-l, and or one who beats the ground vith his foot, andt He was, or became, affected wvith [the pal.yI (1, or goats. sheep and camels, of loan the of him beeither going; knows not in wrhat land he is His termned] .&U. (JK.)-And ,. ,-#.J says, Zuheyr (M, TA.) cause of the darkness or because he is blind. arm, or hand, becanme corrupted, unsound, vitiA u jl L5s ;, ated, or disordered,so as to be rendered motionleu; S ,l 4 (lar p. 55.) You say, a jQI 'A!-E-d a '00 hn ' S .9, was or TA;) (]., lost; became or up; dried or not s1 know (TA,) LS, JM. (@, TA,) and A t;JI [There, if they be asked to lend cattle, they lend]. !'d., , (JK, S, Msb, K,)aor. ;, " dJ t, cut off. (TA.) iw J (S, TA. [See also 10 in art. J ..]) what man he is. ($, TA.) - olu ($,g,) (Msb,) inf.n. J.; (TA;) and V;, t He has not a camel nor a bull; meaning he has J.*': see jLeL,, in four places. -Also Cor(, I ;) It e.l; inf. n. je.. ; (TA;) and also signifies A not anything. (TA.) unsoundness, or a vitiated or disordered ruptness, (grief, JK, K, and love, JK, T, TA, and time, or beating, or throbbing, in the head. (TA.) limbs or members, (M, V,) of a man, of the state, fortune, and the ruling power, and disease, T, knows not how to walk; (Az, TA ;) one that so ; Timtat strikes, or beats, (K., TA,) the TA) rendered him possessed, or insane: (JK, .K, tji.; (l8;) which likewise signifies so and viutuound, ground, (TA,) with hisfeet: (J., TA:) by poetic TA:) and it corrupted, rendered &-el or intellect; legs of a beast. (JK, K.')or th in reason, same his the tiated, or disordered, (K.) license written J.. l: (TA:) 1pl. °kde(grief) it or ]:) ($,K member: or limb, his And The [paly tennd] .J; as also t'0. Le,.. Still; motionless; like "..e : (TA in prived him of his heart: and he corrupted, ren- (K.)Also The cutting off of arms or hands, art. .:) or i. q. J , [ilent; not speahing: dered unsound, vitiated, or disordered, one of his and legs or feet: (JK, Az, ISd, :) pl. Jje. or lowering his eyes, looking towards the ground]. limbs or members: or depivetd him of his reason, (K.) So in the saying, ij' oS' i I .I J and aor. J., de And (Mob.) or intellect. (JK, g, TA. [In the Cg, 1.-]) and [My people, or party, prosecute the , : , It (love) corrupted, or rendered unsound, his .'j a , .. _ See also ' a one for blood (lit. bloods) and the such of sonm Such a heart. (JM.) And Oji i :. j armt or hands, and legs or feet]. f off cutting A staff, or stick, wtrith which the leaves one corrupted, rendered unsound, vitiated, or disof trees are beaten off: ( :) and 2' , also, ordered, the arm, or hand, of such a one, so that (JK.) And so JO..- in the saying, I , [We have a claim, upon the :'*? ,) signifies a staff, or stick; and a rod, or twig: it became motionless; or caused it to dry tup; or to blood (lit. bloods) and the mne, a such of sons (TA,) -. (]K, TA.) tlepriced him of it. (JK.) - Also e, (TA:) pl. of the former, (S.) - And WFounds: &c.]. atrm o.j of cutting [aor. ,] inf. n. k., (K, TA,) ie restrained, a ound: and is so .: see what next precedes. i' withheld, or debarred, him: (K,0 TA:) and (JK:) and t'.i- signifies tI .l~ likewise signifies he restrained, wvithheld, explained as used in the saying, Wej.fL;Li [Disordering the intellect; said £ [The sons of such a one pros u u or debarred. (TA.) You say, U& "U.." t. W}Vhat ^ ) of a drug]. '( in art. withheld, or has rithheld, thee from us? (TA.) a wound]. (TA.)_ And i.q. 3. mnd t. · .;, :One who asks [a benefit or favour] of And ,iS. Je' ° , aor. and inf n. as above, [i. e. Trial, punishment, slaughter, civil mar, ion, &c.. anotherwithout there being anything to draw him Hle prevented, or hindered, him from doing such con.fict and faction, discord, di of a demand JJ. Hefell (TA.) mAlso A loan: and a --l Ja. near,and without acquaintance. (JK, TA.* [In a thing. (],* TA.) (TA.) anything. to relating loan: (K, TA:) the latter, m.L., which is doubtless a mistake short of the doing of his father. (JK, g.) An addition which os gives, beyond SOne as signifying place one in is explained 2: see 1. what the jl4. [i. e. owner, or attendant, of a who seks a gift without any previous acI signifies The act of Icnding; (JK;) camel or camels (in the C]~ JL~ i. e. porter)] 4. quaintance.]) 88'

!1 lua







impo on ou by atipultion. (M, ], TA.) See abo the next paragraph. J.g6.: ee Ja _ s , j It came into my mind; (JK, V ;) a phrase like the saying, iSg.$tj1 :; (JK,]V:* [in the V, meaning the same s this saying:]) and sometimes (JK) one says also 1IlL ui. (JK [and so in the 1 ] aoord. to the TA, but not in the C], nor in my MS. copy of the ](].) O&: no ;in four places:_-and see s in three places. Also The jinn, or genii; (IAyr, Fr, , ];) and so ? jt.: (JK, ]:) or the latter hu this signification; and the formner is a quui-pl. n. of the latter, or, as some say, a pl., u is also J.,.: (TA:) and tj1. signifies also a devil, or the devil. (K.) One says, 4'.", meaning In him is somehat of [the jinn,


(Boox I.


or genii, calld h J5J ,J. ($. [See


near the end of the paragraph: and see other explanations of J.. voce Ji., which may apply in this case.]) _ Accord. to IAy and Fr, it is also applied to Mankind. (TA.) Ablso A certain bird, that cries all the night, with one cry, re~ bling J .. I' . (M, I, TA.) Also A i.4. [or leathern water-bag]. (Fr, 1A.)-. And A full a [or water-hin]. (Fr, l.) 3' and t JU2. (1I, TA) Corrupted, unsound, vitiated, or disordered, [in an absolute sense; and particularly] in his reason, or intellect; as



(TA:) [or in a corrupt, an un-

tI, Corrupting, renderingunsound, vitiating, or disordering, [in an absolute ene;] (M,. ;) and particularly in the reason, or intellect. (TA.) -See also 0.).., in two places._ It is also added to Jd. to give intensiveness to the sig9,0j as.z The doubled upper border of the trouser, having ino heatt; (JK;) as also ?Jje (JK, nification. (TA.) (lAth, TA,) n~t the bach, in which one hide, Meb:) or tifs last, hariig one of his liAnbs, or '0.1: see . or concealis, [or earrie,] a thing; (IAr,TA;) memtbers, corrupted, rendered unjound, titiated, the '^ being [similar to it, but] in the waistor disordelred: (Myb:) and d and .a 'j~ : see J., in four places. wrapper, (IAth, TA,) next the belly: (1Ar, sirnify also a beast corrupted, rendered unsound, TA:) or the raised shirt, or lorwer part, of the J . ;_a [proper] name of Time. (S, K.) vitiated, or disorderod, in the leks, so as not to garment, in which one cartrins a thing: pl. ;. . know how to walk: (JK:) or t ka' signifies see ,k in two places. (.lar p. 427.) And What one carri~ in the a man who is as teough his exztremities ~re amputat& ( C [or part betwen the armpit and thMflank, .)-. ,; ; A tine dfficult L-: see L N k -. The legs of to the people thereof; (T, , ~, TA;) in which a beast. (JK. [But ths I do not find in any &c.]: (, 1 :) or what one carrie beneati the armpit, (JK, Mb,) and in the sleve: (JK:) they sm not happines. (T, TA.) other lexicon; and I doubt its correctness.]) 0.*.0 or what it put, of food, and carried nder LL. Corruption from a wround. (TA.)the armpit or in the sleeve. (.ar p. 427.) It See also , last signification. -1 0,1p dis said in a trad. of 'Omar, Jl . I' .c Cormpentess, unsounidness, or a vitiated ·. ,. . & ., , .·d* , ' 1. ,., nor. ;, inf. n. C. (S, Myb, 10) and . ;. ' .;,4 dL=JU [When any one of or disordered state, [in an absolute snse;] ($, '% (S, ]~) and ,i (S, ISd,) He folded it, you passes by a garden of palm-trees, let him eat Myb, TA;) said in the O and the Mufradit [of namely, a garment, ($, Myb, ],) &c., thereof, (, ]g,) but not make, or take for himuelf, a Er-Righib] to be the primary signification; in its shirt, (Msb,) and sewed it, (S, V,) in ;n.]. (?,*TA. [See another reading voce (TA;) as also , C (Ham p. 542) and t , order thiat it might become shorter; (S, Msb, of whlich last the pl. is Jvpd.: ( :) [and par- ] ;) he contracted it [in its length], and sewed ~ticularly in tlh reason, or intellect: (see J.', of it; (M, TA;) he raised its (a garment's) shirt, -, ..';,; : see 1. which it is an inf. n.:)] and in actions, as well as or lower part, and sewed it higher up, in order in bodie and in minds: (TA:) or, primarily, that it might become contracted and shortened, · l,. [applied to a she-camel, or to a number such at is incident to tan animtal, occasioning him at is done with the garment of a child; (Lth, of camels,] t Whose interval betw two wateragitation like that of posseaion or insanity, by TA;) [he made a tuck in it, to shorten it;] i. q. ings has been shortened. (IAr.) tOne who pe diseas affecting the reason and thloughlt; as also .-. (S in art. ,.) - [Hence, tHe shortened parewfalsehood. (JK, ,I TA.) Z . q. t' ,. and t' .: (Er-RIghib, TA:) or t . it; namely, a period.] You say, [of a she-camel, [Strong, &c.]. (JK, 4~.) 1

sound, a vitiated, or a disordered, state, occasioning him agitation like that of posateion or insanity, by disease affecting the reason and tiwught: (see .t, below:) and hence,] posse~d, or inane; (I, TA;) as also t ). and CA:) or t. (Ti signifies a man

sinifies pos ion, or inaanity; (] ;) and so ?JO. (JK, Mqb, O) and .; (1O) and 3X .; (Mqb;) or tlj.' signifies an affection, in the heart, resembling pousuion or insanity; (Az, TA;) or ~regiou stupidity or foolishnesc, without pos~sesion or insanity; (TA;) and ts also signifies a state, or quality, re~smbling poesmion or insanity, uch as stupidity, orfoolishAsu; and hedlsnme, or weakne of intellect, and the like. (Mtb.) 'j 4}. , L, in the ]ur [ix. 47], means They had not added to you aught save corruption and evil. (Bd, TA.), And .ijd '., in the same [iii. 114], They wiU not fall short, or flag, or be remiss, in corrupting, or vitiating, your affairs. (TA.) - Hence, (TA,) Los, or a state of diminution; syn. OLt,L: (0, I, Er-R4ghib:) or this is the primary signification. (TA.) -And hence, (TA,) A state of perdition or destruction: (0, ]5, Er-Righib:) or a thing's going, passing, or nwating, away; or being consumed or destroyed. (Zj, TA.) Also The condition of a well uhen it is hoUollmoed in the sides, and old, so that sometimes the buckhet enters into its hollorredpartand becomenus lacerated. (Fr, ].) - And Fatigue, weariness, disttes, embarrawnent,affliction, trouble,or difficulty. (JK, S0, O,1.) So in the saying, ^ .t 3 i Cs! 61 [Such a one is a cause of fatigue, &e., to his family]. (JK,' ?, O.) - And A deadly poison. (IAy, ].) - And Thefluid squeezed, or wrung, (IA#r, TA,) or ./floning, (S, 1g. TA,) from the inhabitants of Hell, or from their skins. (IAr, S, 1g, TA.) [See also a.j;.]

,or of camel,] '4 J,L . C', meeaing
t The length of the inral tee hr, or th ,
two wateringJ was shortened. (TA.).. Also, (Mqb, TA,) or. 9, (Mqb,) [or. ,] He kid it, or concealed it; (Mqb,TA;) kept it, or prerved it; or stored it; namely, a thing. (TA.) You say, .jll i . He hid, or conceod, kept, or pre~ed, or stored, ($,],) and p~repared,

(S,) wheat, or food, for [a time of] dearth, or adversity. (S, - .SJI '4.) S44 tHe pparsfalsehood. ,* TA.)_ tC.& ^;: [a
though signifying t Death hid hin, or perhaps death shortened his f~itece,] is a phre like

""i 4 , memning Ae died. (V. [In copies of the ]~, ' s. and .. :,: but both ae imperfectly decl., as fem proper names of more than three letteras.]) 4. C.&1 He (,a man, TA) hid, or neaed, a thing in the ii L [q. v.] of his trounsers, (V, TA,) next the bach: p.'J1 signifies "he hid, or concealed, [a thing] in his aZi, next the belly." (TA.) [See also what next follows.] 8. ; C-J! '.1 He took [and carrid] the thing beneath the part extending ftwm hit arm pit to his flank. (gIar p. 552.) [See also what next precedes.]


The part of a 3>j.

[or leather


bag that is hung on either side of a camel] mwAike is bet,een its .j4, [or loop at either of its pr corneOs, whereby it is s~ (in the CV .~,, which may signify the same,)] and its mouth [which is in the middle of the upperpart]: (JK, V:) [thus] there are two such parts, [on either side of the mouth,] together called 'lt4. (JK, TA.)

BooKx 1. The hush of a grainof heat, and of a grain state; and thatpas aay,and come I :of barley, in the ear. (, TA.).And f4'11 (8, :) or that ha no real ewistn signifies Certain round starn, [or stare in a circle,] (V, TA,) forming one of the Mansion of the Moon, [namely, the TwnUy-fifth,] also caled ..e [or i , ace.. 0 ]. (TA.) ad.L, originally s.: ee art. l..

701 to nought ; (IAth.) -The mirage; smn. , ,ly: (.,!:) or what remains of the latterpart of the mirage, wmen it becommes dirpersed, and delays not to pans amay and come to nought. (Kr, L.).-[Goan r; i e.] what decends from the air in a time of intesu heat, like piders' webs; ( ;) a thing lihe spiders' webs, which appears in a time of heat, (I,) descendingfrom the sy, (TA,) reembling thread, (],) or white threads, (TA,) in the air. (].) [See :.,IJ! Wj, in art. J .] The preent world or life. (1.)__The deil: (Fr, :) or the devil of the 'Aa,be/, called l 1!. (IAth.) _ The [imaginarycreature alled] J : (.8, :) because it changes its appelanoe. (TA.) -A certain inteet, (V,) of a blac colour, (TA,) that is upon the surface of water, and tAat doe. not remain in one place (K.) sawt as long as the time of the winking of an eye. (TA.)..A perfidious, or an unfaithful, man. (TA.) - A woman whose ajfection does not last: (TA:) a woman evil in dispdtion: (V:) likened to a J inumuch as her love does not lat. (TA.) - The wolf: (., ]:) beeau of his unfaithfulness. (TA.) - The lion: (]:) because of his perfidiousnesa. (TA.) - A calamity; syn. L o [A point towards 1p v. (@,]) which one journeys] that is not in a right direction; syn. . -e 1 ji: s (L:) or far di-

inf. n. (JK,B , () Trhefie became allayed; (i., n idd; (19;) becam extinguished; (, g;) th jfming, or blaing, of the fire ceased, or beamMeal~or etin~gued. (JK,Mqb.) [The verb i used, in this ense, of Hell, in the ]ur vii. 99.]_ [Hene,] .,.JI L The war be~as a,llayed, auoagerd, or ape~aed; (JK, ], TA;) cam eutinguished. (1, TA.) And ;,WI .. g; d 1 The sharpnes, or irascibility, of th sa mel became allayed, asuaged, or appea (JK,V,;TA.) And ,j 1 . rThe heat, or emence, of Ais anger became allayed, asouaged, or ap~sd. (TA.)
. ;j3I

L Wl b, ,]) ad

no. j.#, 0;,

. HRe ,rtinguished the fire; (.,

.;) he allayed, or extinguished, the flaming, or blaing, of th fire. (JK, Mb.) _- And [hence,] * 1 .Ir t 1 He tctinguiKd [or alayed] the fire of the war. (V, TA.) And 4 . .1 t He extinguished [or al/ayed] ;iai the harpne, or irascibility, of the she-camel.

1. ; Qsju. His soul [or stomach] became heavy; or heamed, or became agitated by a tendency to voomit; syn. : (IA'r, :) and became in a corrupt, or disordered, state. (I..) _.-*j , (8, l~,) aor., and t, (V,) inf. n. 'fJ (?, A, I~) and ~j, (V,) He acted, or behased, towarder him with perfidy, treachery, or unfaithfulness: (8, ] :*) or with the foulest perfidy or treachery or unfaithfiulne : (A, I :) or with deceit, guile, or eircumvention: (V:) or in a bad, or corrupt, manner. (Ibn-'Arafeh.) And




j;.. [lIe was unfaitful, &de., to the

compact, or corenant]. (TA, from a trad.) 2. i., inf. n. ; said of wine, or beverage, It corrupted, or disordered, his soul [or

s accord. to some belongs to this art. (TA in art. C..) See arts. t.- and .

stomach], (Ibn-'Arafeh, l,) and rendered him
relaxed. (Ibn-'Arafeh.) 5. 4J. He (a man, TA) was, or became, languid, ( "W,) and relaxed, and heavy, or sluggih, 4. d.&, inf. n. *,ll; (Ks,TA;) or'· .. ;eJ; and fevered: ( :) he was, or became, languid (.,];) and ' i3 (Ks,TA,) or 1t. ; in body, in conseluence of disease ,tc.: (TA:) and his intellect became confused, from drinking (],g;) and f(. %g.., (,,) inf. n.a; milk and the like. (V.) And . z2f . HiS (.;) HIe made a [tent such ats is called] .Al.: soul [or stomaeh] was, or became, languid. (TA.) (Ks, , ]:) and he set it up. (K.) [See also - He walked with the gait of him who is heavy, 10.] 1 And s . I made my [arment or slugg90h. (s.) called] :L.b to be [as] a *4.. (TA.) 2: see what next follows. (TA,) that betides on the occasion of drinking medicine or poison, (V, TA,) such as weaken. 10. ', He Hla., set up a [tent such as is and intoxicates. (TA.) called] ol., and entered into it. (S, .) [See also 4.] 5: see4.

tant. fP)


' (

M,, ,Ic.,)C aor.,; (M, gh$, 4)


Languor (;),

(,) or the like thereof,

. A kind of structure; (V ;) [i. e.] one of
the ;-i [or hinds of tents] of the Arabs, (lAth, TA,) peculiarly of rool, (Ya4oob, Th,) or of camel&' far, or of wool, (IA9r, ,IAth, I,) or of [goats'] hair, (](,) or not of [goats'] hair, (S,) [except in cold countries and in fertile regions, where the goats have abundant hair, for the goats of the Arabs of the desert have s/ ort hair, not long enongh to be Tpun, (see ,)] smaller than the AJ", (TAqr,) upon two poles, or three; what is above this kind being termed 'i; (S;) or a tent having one pole; that which has more than one pole being (AZ, TA in art. : :) pl. 4.s, termed (., TA,) without.: (TA:) most of the lexicologists hold that its radical letters are .. (TA in art. l'., q. v.)- Sometimes, t A dwelleUing, sch as is in a city. (TA, from a trd.) - Also ! A receptaclefor oil or ointment. (1C, TA.) And t The calyx of a flower. (TA.) - And

see what follows.


jl. (.K) and [in an intensive sense] t;1e. (¢,A, Ag) and t . and *tI and t ()P One who acts, or behaves, wvith perfidy, treachery, or unfaitfulneu: (8, :) or rrith the foulest perfidy or treachery or uifaithfeiln:ss: (A, .s:) or with deceit, guile, or circumvention: (Y:) 6. JUai.3 i.q. p.3.. [as meaning The de[or in a bad, or corrupt, manner: (see 1:) the ceiving one anotlher; thus explained in the KL: second and following epithets signifying one who and app. also a meaning the pretending deceit, does so much, orfrequently, or habitually.] &c.; or the pretending to be deceived, &c.: ac, cord. to the P?, the being dceiwvd; but for this I know not any other authority]. (..) You say, I~t,3, meaning [j Thy deceived, deluded, Q. 1. , inf. n. a, It paosed away, and beguiled, circumvented, or outwitted, one anotAer]. came to nought: (J4: but only the inf. n. is there (51.) And U 'o ~ i [app. meaning Be mentioned:) said of the mirage. (sr.) pretended deceit &c., or pretended to be deceived ~2~ Anything that does not remain in one &c., unaares]. (TA.)

and ', (M, ],) inf. n. JI. and ", (]g,) i.q. 'Sd, or Zsti ; (so accord. to different copies of the .;) and * &Ut. signifies the same: (?:) or thc former, i. q. . (Mgh, 4, TA) [i. e.] He deceived, deluded, beguiled, circumvented, or outwitted, him, (KL, P$,) unamare: (TA:) and t'U.., (Xg,) in£ n. ", (TA,) i.q. zsZ [which means the same a £5.36.; or he practised with him mutual deceit, delusion, &c.; or he strove, endeawvored, or de~ired, to deceive, deude, beguile, circumvent, or outwit, him]; (J, TA;) and 43lj [which means he endeaoured to turn him, or to entice him to turn, to, or from, a thing, &c.]. (TA.)_ - .. LJ1 j. means The sportsman's going along by little and little, stealthily, lest he should make a sound to be heard. (M.) And t J j;I, (1,) inf. n. n ., (TA,) said of a wolf, lie concealed himself to seize the prey. (C.) 3: see 1, in two places.





8. Jg. l He (a man, TA) lijtened to the oneself rom a thing's entering it: some sy that God make hi end to be good]. . >(.)W_~ cret f a party of men. (T, e,* TA.) El-Aphb the former signifies the concealing a notificaion tHe co~red oer tae sown ed: (Az,TA:) or of a thing, [as] by putting one'sfingert ovtr it, by *a^ I Sl . tthey turned up the earth oer way of 'guarding oneself thereby. (TA.) the sown seed, and thn watered it: (Et-Tiifee, Hence, ;t;iJl.i" [The sealing of the testimoy]; TA:) or ~Jl Zi., (JK, , T,) TA r., .int n. [Nor ilt thou e her listta to the tecret of the which is thus described by El-lulwnmee: the , TA,) :he watered the d-produe, or eigbor]. (TA.) witness, when he wrote his name upon a dJ sowneld, te firs time; (JK, ], TA;) beee, [q. v.], caused his written name to be beneath a with the AL A plae of retreat,or concealmcnt. (].) piece of lead, [i. e. covered it with a piece of lead,] when it is watered, it is finished (,i) .j [app. l;, which here seems to mean the And Any similar place in which one listeno to and put upon it the impress of his signet, in order her sects [&c.]. (TA.) The form of a hare, that there might be no falsification of it or substi- " roller," as being likened to a mill-stone, though I find no authority for this meaning]; (TA;) as or burro~ of a rabbit. (s.) tution for it. (Mgh.) _ As to jlt;s _; [The .o : (V:) or .Sjj b l sealing of the nechks], the case is related, in the also ,*t 3 : see J3 and j,i. means t they at~red their sonjields~ whib t "Risileh Yoosufeeyeh," to have been this: Ii i. .1. [i. One who deceive., de- 'Omar sent Ibn-goneyf to seal the . [or un- were as yet "1;. [app. meaning clear of ~ego 6.Z Te ibets ludae, beguile, circuments, or outwits, much, or believers] of the Sawed; and he sealed five tation]. (JK, TA.) - j 1 I filled with honey the place in which they d~std often; ery deceitful kc.; asu also j;L., like hundred thousand of them, in classes; that is, he it: (JK, A, TA :) or,_; signifies bees' collecting marked them twelve dirhems, and twenty-four, e,a.]. (TA.) some thin wax, thinner than the wax of tA comb, and forty-eight; tying a thong upon the neck of 3i. and [in an intensive sense] tJ,. [like each, and putting upon the knot a seal of lead. and smearing with it the orafics of tLeir Qt. also signifies The protecting what [or hives]. (M, K, TA.) Jt'~, q. v.,] Deceiving, deluding, beguiling, cir- (Mgh.) . is in a writing by marking [or stamping] a piece cummenting, or outwitting. (l, TA.) 9. LA., inf n. . Zerealed it, stamped H3, of clay [upon it, or by means of a seal of any it, &c., much. (TA.)_ [In modern Arabic, He 0j.. Ellegant; polite; acute, or sharp, or hind]. (TA.) -And you say, of a man,';n put a .'t, or signet-ring, upon his (another's) quick, in intellect; clewr, ingenious, skilful, j.3U [He sealed his door against thee]; .finger.] knowing, or intelligent: (K,*TA:) thought by meaning ?he turned awayfrom thee, avoided thee, ISd to be, perhaps, from J.i. JI signifying "the or shunned thee. (TA.) - And , , 5. 3;, or li.. L , (accord. to different _act of deceiving" &c. (TA.) [He sealedfor thee his door]; meaning the pre- copies of the ?,) or . .,_,, (1, [agreeably ferred thee to others. (TA.) d. ii .2. with a trad. cited in the TA,]) He put on [i.e. Ul.& A stealthy wralk or gait: (O, }], TA :) put on his own .finger] a,..l' [which [or siget-ring]. may be rendered He scaled is hi eart] or a walkirng on one side. (T, TA.) Hence the means he in ade him to be such that he understood (.s, .) _ And .. a. tHe put on a turbn: saying, JLqit-3 J Lj Lq", not, and such that nothing proceeded from him; (]p, TA:) or hput A.LsA on his turban [He makes a sign to me wvith his eye, and walks or he made his heart, or mind, to be such that it in the manner of a .W [q. v.]; syn. . to me stealthily, or sidemays]. (TA.) understood not, &e. (., TA.) i _. .- (Z, TA.) The subst. [signifying the act or mode, [More, and most, dceitful, deluding, ..~3, in the l[ur [ii. 6], is like the phlrase in of doing so] is t 1J [q. v. infra]. (].)_ : guilful, &c.]. You say .,),o. Morc the same [xvi. 110 and xlvii. 18] 1 m 1 3 o A t He conceald his affair, or cas. deceitful, &c., than the wolf. (Mgh.) .WJU: (TA:) it points to what God has made (Z, ek.)- 3 tH feigned himself e~ to be usually the case when a man has ended in of him, and mas silent [to him]. (.K, TA.) believing what is false and in committing that 8: see 1, in the latter half of the paragraph. which is forbidden, so that he turns not his face to 1. '*-, (4, Mgh, Mob, I,) aor. , (Msb, ],) the trutl; this occasioning, as its result, his be. inf. n. of 1 [q. v.]. ($, Mgh, M9 b, 1.) inf. n. (0, Mgh, Myb, ) and ./, (Lb, L. coming inured to the approval of acts of disoAlso The impres produced by the engraving 1], TA,) with kesr, (TA,) [in the Cli, erro- bedience, so that he isas though this habit were neouly, .At;.,] i. q. !; [He sealed, stamped, impressed upon his heart: the assertion of El- ofa tignet. (Er-Righib, TA.) _- See also ,.. s.U, m1aeanste gave me my,.f,,ciecy, imprinted, or impresed, it]: (Myb, g:) or he Jubbaee, that it means God hath put a seal upon their hearts, as a sign, to the angels, of their put the .,. [or signet] upon it: (Mgh :) namely, or what sufffced me: because what suffiles a man a thing, ($, Mgh,) or a writing or book and the infidelity, is noughlt: (Er-Riaghib, TA:) J! is the last [or utmost] of his desire, or demand. like: and .1 ... signifies the same [or he put is explained by IAr as meaning the prevnting (TA.) _ Also SHoney. (IS, TA.)_ And: The orifices of the Qa. [or hives] of bees. (V, TA.) a seal, or the impreio n of a ignet, upon it]. of the heart from believing. (L in art. (M9 b.) Accord. to Er-RAghib, and [See also ch.] ]-; Jl, z inf. n. ,, also ;6: eee 1.-_ Also A sealed piece of clay signify The impressing a thing with the engraving signifies [as indicated above] tHe reached the [or wax]: like ,; in the sense of ,.gku, and of the signet and stamp: and thdie former [as is end of the thing. (K.) And ;.J t* :1 , in the sense of.,ej s: o in the saying of indicated, but not plainly expressed, as dis- t [I ended, or fni.4ed, the thing,] contr. oJ El-A9 shi, tinguished from the latter,] is tropically used, ;. (S,TA.) You say, ,il _ tHe sometimes, as meaning the securing onself from reacheAtd the end of thel Kur-dn [in reciting it]; a thing, and protecting [oneself] from it; in con(B, Er-Raghib;) [he recited the whole of the [And a jar of reddish-coloured wine, the Jew sideration of protection by means of sealing upon Kur-dn;] he completed [tihe -vender whereof came, and brought it out, with recital of] tAhe K.urwritings and doors: and sometimes as meaning in: (Mgh:) [and] he retained in his memory the a sealed piece of clay upon it]. ($.) [See the producing an impression, or effecct, upon a last portion of the Kur-tin; meaning he retained also ,,t..] thing from another thing; in consideration of the impre# produced [by the signet]: and sometimes the whole of it in his memory. (Msb.) It is said i.;&. [an inf. n. of un. of 1, t A recitationof the it is used as relating to tthe reaching the end [of of Suleyman El-Aamash, ,;a. a meaning a thing]: (TA:) or the primary signification of tHe used to recite the whole of the Kur-dn; at whole of the Ksvr-dn: used in this sense in the .~.. - And also] vulgarly is the act of cotering over [a thing]: (Az, one time,according to the reading of Ibn-Mes'ood; present day: pl. bd. used as meaning tA copy of thes 4ur-d": and TA:) accord. to Zj, the proper meaning of . at another time, from the edition of 'Othman. (TA.) and J is the covering over a thing, andsecuring (Mgh.) -You say also, p~. ~i 4 .- t[May so ta 1







Boox T.] ,*.: ;.i.: graph. see what next precedes. see the last senten:ce of the next param.' an

inf. n. of 1 [q. v.]. (Ll.h, g.) - And a subst. signifying The first watering of seedproduce, or of a sown jield: (JK, TA :) or the turning up the earth over sown seed, and then watering it. (Et-Tiifee, TA.) i See also . .. The clay, (JK,S,1,) and the wax, -Also (TA,) wvith which one seals, or stamps, (JK, $,],) upon a wrniting, (JK,) or upon a thing: (K:) or which is sealed, or stamped, upon a vriting. (5Msh.) [See also .--. And see an ex. in a verse of Lebeed cited in art X.5.] -S [The hymen; as being the seal of virginity; sel ;j as also *>S..] You say, +t i [She was conducted as a bride to thee with her eal of virginity], and 1) V E [nvith the seal of her Lord]. (TA.) And [hence, app.,] & .j. [if it mean, as I suppose .i .t.it it to do, Their present was sent to him with what rendered it perfect or complete, or with rohat appertainedto it]. (TA.).-.tThefurthest part of a valley. (JK, TA.) t The last of a company of men; (Lb, TA;) as also t.. and ti t [The tjls.. (s:) whence ;A1 last of the prophets], in the ]ur [xxxiii. 40]; ,t)., with damm to accord. to one reading, i.e. Mohammad; the ,:.; (TA;) or ;~l&l .l.,

generally a signut-ring; i. e.] a certain ornamet (i., M, 1) for the finger, (,) app., at the first, ued for sealing, or stamping, th~eth; so that the word is of the same class as Ul: afterwards, in consequence of frequency of usage, applied to one not used for that purpose: (ISd, of a substance TA:) or a ring having a ' different therefrom [set in it; i. e., having a stone, or gem, set in it]: if without a ,a, it is called L"S : (Mb :) or .,l.. signifies the agent [i. e. the person sealing, or stamping]: the thing that is put upon (JK, Az, Mb :),, the piece of clay [or wax, for the purpose of sealing, or stamping]: (Az, Msb, ]:) the pl. and 3?] isaly. (O) and [properly [of,

,as] of the legs (JK, ], TA) of Ar~; (JK, TA;) i. e. a dight whitness in the part newt (TA.) the hoof, les than what is te,nedi3. ;la: .. i.: also ;t., ;: see. see °,, in two plae~: and me

in five plaees see ., first sentence. in two places, in the latter half

ee..· i, ~i 1 ': of the paragraph.

of. .e l]

: (~, in which the former pl.,


saee/iL, fist sentence.

0though more common, is not mentioned, and 1 :) Sb says that those who use the latter pl. make it to be pl. of a sing. of the measure Jtl, Ji w: ee v. You my, shows language; though it be not in their 0~ ·at ·* ~ which · - ~ [How good, or beautif, is his act, or mode, of that he knew not .UI .: the pl. of..i is .aj.. (TA.)_ -. 1%.also signifies A seal, or stamp, putting on the turba I or, of ptting it on in thA and a mark: so in a trad., in which it is said, manner of the .ri, 1]. (z-Zejjdjee, TA.)

[. 1 (or Amen) is] the seal, or stamp, and the mark, [ofthe Lord of the beings of the wvole world upon his srovants the belivers,] which removes from them accidents, and causes of mischief; for the seal of the writing protects it, and precludes those who look from [seeing] what is within (s;) also called V . l and ?, l3JI. (TA.) it. (TA.) -See also. i., in seven places. [It And t The last portion of anything that is drunk is nearly syn. with .l;I, as Fr says: and thus,] '., in the l~ur [Ixxxiii. 26], it signifies also, (JK, K,) and so docs Vt [&c.]. (TA.) M,". , means t Tlh last that they will perceive tlhereof (~, K,) t The end, or last part or portion, (JK, will be the odour of mush: (S, TA :) or, accord. S, I],) and result, or issue, (]K,) of a thing (JK, to 'Alkameh and MujAhid, its admnixturc shall S, R) of any kindr (JK, V:) Vthe latter [parbe mwk : accord. to Ibn-Mes'ood, its result shall ticularly] signifies t the last part or portion (JK, U.A MIb) of a chapter of the ]ur-an, (JK,) and of . and be the taste of mush: Fr says, meanin,g; in and ;1;i. are nearly the same the Kur-an itself: (Mqb:) [and t a concluding and chapter or section: an epilogue: and an apwhence the reading of 'Alee, L t ,1.: the explanation is this; that when any one shall pendix:] and tV .. signifies [in like manner] drink thereof, lie will find the last culp thereof the contr. of .L; · as in the saying, _,..J1 to have the odour of musk: Er.Righib says ; iMa.'13 CI)5; c;-U. t [The declarathat the meaning is, the end, and the last draught, peri.e. witat shall renmain, thaereof shall be in tion of the praises of God is the opening portion fume [like] mnusk: and that the assertion that of the Kur-dn, and the prayerfor the protection it means it shall be sealed with musk is noulght. of God is its closing portion]; (A, TA;) and it Also, is a chaste word, of frequent occurrence, though (TA.) [See also .. I and .'..] (],) or, accord. to IAar, the contr. has been asserted. (TA.) One says (IAqr,.K,) and Vt, [Actions are characterized, j1l, .4 t; ,, (TA,) sings. of ., which signifies t The also, . ' as good or evil, by their results]. or to be judged, [q. v.]) of the joints places of separation( . of a mare, t The lower i. e. 1, .. (TA.) _ Also, (J.,.) oJ horses. (I Ar, K.) 7.· ring ( OJlWii.JI [app. meaning the extremity, (TA) and in which is the orifice, see ... j1" .>iJ. (JK, $, Msb, K) and .l. and t,tL, (., Myb, K,) whlich is more commonly of thea; [evidently j.oJI a.;i_, in art. j.,]) known than.l., (Mfb, [but see what follows,]) liere used as a dial. var. of u, i. e. the teat, (JK, $,1g, the last in and V;cts and t.; though I do not find it mentioned in its proper ) and t;t. (g and art. in any lexicon; unless l. ' ~ be a misthe CV and TA js]: (]g, TA:) so called (ISd, transcription for ' TA but omitted in the CK) and t_. (Ez-Zeyn El-'Ir4ee, TA) by way of comparison [to a signet or seal]. (TA.) IHsh,I) and V,L (Ibn-Milik, TA) and tV.. (Ez- _And XThe hollow (;i) of the back of the and '.j. Zeyn El-'IrA4ee,TA) and tV;1t. (g) signify neck; (JK, g, TA;) which is the cuppingj [or whitethe same; (JK, S, Mob, K, TA ;) [A signet; place. (TA.)...And t The least

, .p,

-;-WJ 1-si



i. e. 53i,·

(.,0 _;ir. Sealed, or stamped, &c.,muc. TA.) - Applied to a hone, (TA,) t Having the wahitenss of tAi legs which is term.ed .. (I, TA. [See the latter word, last sentence.])

.a , e/aled, or stamped, Ec. (,* TA.)Also The [mnesre commnonly called] l;:
(A 'Obeyd, Mgh,] :) or the /ixth part of the [measure called] ijL. (Mgh in art.b. [It is there added that the j.a is the tenth part of the but it seems that this is thej,J which is ~: a measure of land; not what is here meant in the explanation of . , which is a measure of corn and the like.]) [P1. ,3¶...]


see ,;.,

in the latter half of the

(Mob, K) 1. , , (. , Mgh, Mob,],) aor. and ', (g, TA, but omitted in the CI,) inf. n.

2. , (., Mgh, Mb, K,) He circumcisd (IS,
TA) a boy, (., Mgh, Myb, K,) and a girl also: or, as some say, Ci;& relates to men [or boys], d&.: and WM& to women [or girls]. (TA.)

see 8. -And


[which see below, app. as

an inf. n. of which the verb is as above,] signifies The making afeast, or banquet, to which people are invited, on account of a wedding, and of a circumcision also. (KL.) - [And accord. to Golius, as on the authority of a gloss in the also signifies He diminished; I. KL, '> rendered imperfect: and he acted unjautly.] [He dceivred, de. ;,b is also syn. wvith !J luded, beguiled, circumvented, or outwitted, him, is syn. with aU'i unawarsc]: and $i;l [which signifies in like manner the act of deceiving, deluding, &c.; or practising mutual deceit, &c.; or striving, endeaouring, or desiring, to deceive, &c.]. (TA.) p


3L,. He allied himlfto him by marriage; of the penis that is above, or beyond, the place of or became, moved or affected with, sAame,



'Y°* Vi2 (V.) ML: is to. mih ' [The beoming that kind of relation that is term~d j] : (ISh, Mgh :) as some say, 3;A1.e on the #ide of the wife, and on the aide of the husband: so that one says *J as meaning [I became a relation to them on the 40." side of the wife, and on the side of the husband]. (Mqb.) _ See also 1, last sentence. 8. '.L1 He (a boy) was circumeted; (TA;) syn. t or he circumcised himelf; syn. .._a (Mgh.)


i. i. q. . , (Lth, Mgh, K, &c.,) as meaning A man married among a people: (Lth, Mgh:) [such a man is said to be that people's & :] or any relation on the side of the wife; (9, IAar, Mgh, Myb, g ;) such as a man's wife's father, (Lth, lAyr, L;, Mgh, MNb, K,) and wife's mother, (Lth, Mgh,) and wife's brother, (lAir, , Mgh, Mqb, ]C,) and tie like; (f ;) so it signifies with the Arabs: ($, Mgh, Mb :) thus Aboo-Bekr was the Prophet's C;,., and so was 'Omar: (Mgh, TA:) and [it is said that] with the vnlgar it signifies a man's daughter's husband: (9, Mgh, Mqb:) but it is used in this sense by a rajiz; and, in a trad., 'Alee is called the Prophet's Cp: (TA:) accord. to Az, it signifies a man's :: see 'iz. wife's father: (Msb:) and i is applied to the female; and means a man's wife's mother: (Az, Mgb, M9b, ], TA:) the pl. is i0 1l: (Az, 1. .. , (5, Myb,K,) aor. ; (, MSb ;) and Mgh, Mgb, 1i:) accord. to As, (Mgh,) the M, a,or. , (S,A, Msb, ],) a rare dial. var.; ij;.I are [the relations] on the side of thte raise; (Fr, ;) and f.., (S, A, MSb, K,) aor. ', (Meb,) and the°h., on the side of the husband; and a form heard by Ks; (S ;) inf. n. (of the first, the j1,., on either side: (Mgh, Mb :) or a TA) s and . and (K, TA,) which Q1C, man's i&r.1 are his wife's relations; and a last is irregular, because this word does not imply woman's C;. & 1 are her husband's relations: and motion, (TA,) [but this assertion requires cona man's ,1;z.1 are also said to be his daughaters' sideration,] and (of the second [accord. to rule], husbands and isters' husbandsand paternalaunts' TA, or of the first, Msb, [or used as inf. n. of the husbands and maternal aunts' husbands, and the fitst because it is the most common form,]) husbands of any rromen whom, by reason of ;i,i. (S, A, Mgh, Msb, O) and [of the econd relationship, it is unlawfulfor him to marry, and accord. to rule] ;jt: (1K) and of the third j.;; any relations on the side of these husbands to whom marriage it unlawful, of i,me and oj' (Mb, TA;) [and probably tV 3, (mentioned by Freytag, though without any indication of his vomen. (Mgh.) authority,) as quasi-pass. of ;,..; but I have . Circumcirion, of a boy, (?,' tMgh,' more than once found it erroneously written for Msb,*', TA,) and of a girl; (TA;) a subst. .iJ, which has a different signification;] It from 1 in the first of the senses explained above; (milk, S, A, Mgh, MSb, ], and honey, and the (M, Mgh, Mqb, 18 ;) as also tis.. (S, Myb, like, TA, and a liniment or the like, A, or some ~,) You say, .? .;J1 His circumcision other thing, Msb) was, or became, thick, (f, A, Mgh, Msb, ,)and strong. (Mb.) _- [Hence,] nas made to be extirpative. (9, TA.) - And A '. (s, K,) or Z , (A,) or , .feast, or banquet, to which people are invited on - ,~ account of a circumcision. (JK, 8, TA.) You (Mgh,) inf. n. ;. and but not, as ome say, Mi e t; S .- I wa at the feat, or write it, ;5tt., (TA,) If/is soul [or stomach] Ibanqet, &c.,of uch a one. (TA.)_.See also 1, heaved, became agitated by a tendency to vomit, third sentence. -Also The part, of the male, or became heavy; (A, Mgh, 15, TA;) as also i. which is the place of circumcision; (T, S, Mgh, alone; (IA*r, TA;) became disordered; syn. I ;) and of thefemale likewise; (T, Mgh, TA ;) 'L, (S, g.)... And S.; (S;) or , the part, of the rahich i the place of cir- aor.:; (1i;) or OJt j:..; (A;) t;Herecumeision. (Myb.) Hence, in a trd., i~Ji ;61 mained among tie tribe, (S, A, K,) not going Alit.;lI [Ahen the two places of circumcision forth with people to procure wheat or corn or meet together]: (6,* Mb,aTA:) NI;LJl tL.ic other provisions, (?, ]g,) by reason of shame, or is a euphemism, metonymically denoting the of heaviness of the soul [or stomach]. (TA.) disappearing, or causing to disappear, of the part And ;'.. t Hefelt, or had a sense of, or he mat,

circumcision (Mgh,' Msb, TA) in the vulva of bashfurlMss, or honest sdame. (].) the woman. (Mgh,* TA.) 2: see4 , :... e .... 4. .. i; (Mb, ];) and tL., (A, M9 b, g,) . Circumncied, applied to a boy, (M9 b,, inf. n. ;3; (TA;) Hed thickened it; made it TA,) a also i (JK, Mb,,) and te. .4; thich, (Mob, A, ],) and strong; (Mb ;) namely, (TA ;) and to a girl likewise, (M9 b, TA,) mas also milk, (A, Mqb, 15,) and honey, and the like, *Ib4;. (Msb.) (TA,) and a liniment or the like, (A,) or some other thing. (M9 b.) _ And the former signifies tiL;: see ci,, in two place._ -Also The also He left it in a thick state; namely, fresh art, or busines, of circumcising. (JK,, TA. butter; (AV, $, I1;) not melting it. (A, g.) It [In the CK, i£tilJI .l is erroneously put for is said in a prov., j. .! M.to. [IHe hnows not wAhether to leave in a thick state or to ai_. The alliance by which one ocquires the melt]: ($, V ; in one copy of the former of which, relationship of a ;j ., (Az, Mgh,) or ofa f o; the femrn. forms of the verbs are used:) applied to (g ;) as also t C.. (Az, Mgh, 1.) And 'A him who is confounded, or perplexed, and unable man's marrying,or taking to wife, a noman. (].) to see his right course, and who wavers, or vacillates: its origin being this: a woman melts fresh '.16. A circumciser. (JK,* Malb,* TA.) butter, and what is thick thereof becomes mixed with what is thin, and she is vexed and wearied &t,;t A lady, or noble woman; a foreign by her case, and knows not whether to raise the word, (K1,TA,) used by the Persians and Turks: fire with fuel, in order that it may become clear; pl. . (TA.) fearing that, if she do so, it will burn: thus she is perplexed. (1.) · .; and its fern., with ;: see . ._ 5: see 1. 0,m .a ItA year of drought, or barrenneu, or dearth. (A, TA.) j*s and w.A . see t.


What remains upon a table of food. (S.)

,jC. What remnains ($, J) of a thling, (9,) or of milk: (] :) the dregs; lees; or thick, or tNr. bid, portion that sinks to the bottom of a thing, beneath the clear portion. (TA in art. J,,.) You say, 0ja. ; ,, . _e [The clear part of it went away, and the thick part of it remained]. (A.) .L., applied to milk, (Mgh, M.b,) and to a liniment or the like, (A,) &c., (Msb,) Thick, or thickening, (A, Mgh, Mqb,) and strong. (M.b.) _[Henoe,] .1..h )1t. iHaving the soul [or stomach] in a heaving state, agitatedby a tendency to eomit, or heavy: (TA :) or not in a good stat: (A,Mgh:) and languid: (A:) and '.Z d._ o.t (, 1K) and Z' t&jS (V) a party di~rdered [in soule or stomachs]. ($, K.) And ;jt tA woman feeling a little pain (1.) and languor; as also t ;.. [or, more probably ;'_]. , (TA.)

;1d. [fem. of , q. v. - And also, as a subat.,] IA party of men: (1g, TA :) or 1a dene body of men. (A, TA.)
see .A..


L aor... inr. n. ;, said of a beast of the ox-kind, (JK, $, Mob, 1,) or of a bull, but not [;,%.] of a cow, (A 'Obeydl, TA,) and of an elephant, (15,) He dunged. (JK, , MSb, 1.) [See also ] 4. k.,1 .I/e (a man, TA) kindled [dry dung such as is called] . (g.)

Boot I.]

705 j.h.l1 said of the kind of trees termed W;a.. 3j (JK, V.) - [And, as inf. n. of J,] also signifies The bearing richness ill; as wthen, being rich, one exults, or exults greatly or encessively, and behaves insolently and unthankfully: or the taking a wide, or an ample, (S,*:) range, or being profuse, when rich. (TA.) It is related in a trad. that he [Mohammad] said to the

applied to a garment, flies. (JK.) -Also, (I8h, 1:) or ample: or sch tWide and long: !, Mgh, Myb, ;) as also *~: (Mlb:) or of that tAe wearer is impded and clogged theirin: a bull: (IA', TA:) and of the elephant: ( :) (TA:) an4, so applied, told, and worn out: and metaphorically, of the camel; as used in a (]p:) or t much dslit, or rment, in the lower parts, trad.: or, accord. to AZ, compact dung of a beast or skhirts. (Fr, TA.)_And, applied to a J. of the ox-kind, and of the sheep or goat, and of [or hore-cloth, or covering for a beast], (Ifh, any cloven-hoofed animal, and of the camel: K,) [or] such a is put upon a camel, (I8h,) (TA:) pl. ,f'.l [a pl. of pauc.] (JK, 8, Mgb, That moes to and fro, or from side to side, Mob, ) and j:&, (C], [a quasi-pl. n. like wom en, ye ar i hn r; yj bo1, (I8h, K,) upon the camel, (ISh,) or upon the (,* TA,) i. e. When ye are hungry, ye become horse, (15,) by reason of its width. (I8h.) (1 accord. to the TA, [like ,]) or J., lo0ly, humble, or submissive, and cleave to the [originally dust, or earth; (S and TA in art. & ;) or ye '.~l~i: see 1: [it seems to be most probably kIe, q v., a' pL of j.,]) and 1 bedr poverty ill; (TA in the present art.;) and a subst. signifying Confusion, or perplexity, and , . ,],w(i,) these two from Fr. (TA.) ye are satiated, [ye bear richness ill; or] inability to see one's right course, by reason of also signifies t A number of people in a state of vhen, ye exult, or exult greatly or excessively, and be- shame: or dhanrme, and confusion, or perplsity, > disperon: (Sgh, TA:) or 6, ;lI have insolently and unthankfully. (S in the present and inability to see one's right course, in con(JK.) art.) [See also a verse of El-Kumeyt cited in the sequence of a deed that one has done: or simply,] - And An.] i. q. .. , i. q. :.' [dhame, or a sense of shame, &c.]. (&.) first paragraph of art. MrS: see the next preceding paragraph. [The being offected with disgust, loathing, or U~ , (JK, TA,) so in the Tekmileh, (TA,) see '.m;, in two places. aversion; the being vexed, grieved, disquieted by [or tL accord. to the Cg, there, with the ar- grief, &c.] (1, TA. [In the CK, .,Il is er(]p accord. to the roneously put for ..j.l.]) - And The being licle, witten U1 ,] or f TA,) The [kind ofpouch caUlled] ';a , (JK,.K,) remiss in seeking subsistence. (]K.) - And The , 1. e*;i1 olad., nor. , (.,) or e;;Jl , (JK,) being lazy, or indolent: (Az, ISd, 1 :) from the and small [bag such as is termned] ,l. (T,) (A,) [nor., if accord. to rule, ;,] inf. n. ,, of the gatherer of [wild] honey, (JK, ,) which verb in the sense explained in the second sentence He fu.rorved, or trenched, or clove, the ground; he puts beneath the part betn'een his armp;t and of this paragraph. (TA.) -And i. q. >j [The (., L;) he made a furrow, or trench, [or fur. his flank., (TA,) and in rhich he deposits the being bad, corrupt, &c.]. (M, 1.) - Also, in rows, or trenches,] in the ground. (T, A.) The a shirt, tThe being much slit, or rent, in the honey. (JK.) latter (,,fol ) ,..) is also said of a torrent, lower parts, or shirts. (Fr, K.) 1.t~ : see what next precedes. meaning It furrowed, or clare, the ground by 2: see what next follows. , (L,) inf. n. , (L, its course. (L.). s ,) 4. l·~ (S, M;b, R) i. q. *' , (Msb,* tlso signifies Hie, or it, nmarhed, scored, or im. J3a.. (TA;) He, (S,) or it, pressed, a thing: (L:) and made a mark or marks, K, TA,) inf. n. J 5 4 .; or event, (TA,) caused him to or an imnpression or impressions, upon a thing. namely, an affair, , (i , M.b, K, &c.,) nor. -, (K,) inf. n. 1. j' and unable to (L, Ig.0) You say, ,Atls_.t confounded, or perplexed, 'l ~,~ffO .become [though 3., (S, Msb, &c.,) but not j, of shame: (. in course, by reason tho see hia right The horse mnarked, or scored, [or furrowed,] authorized by the KL, in my copy of which I hint to the former:) [or caused explanation of . ground with his hoofs. (L.) And ".&.y as written by find it thus written (not become ashamed, and confounded, or perplexed, J.> I The tears mnade marks upon his cheeks. Golius),] for this is a vulgar mistake for i"4. and unable to see his right course, in consequence (L.)_-Also He (a camel) clae a thing ntith or 0;, (Mgh, [so in my copy, but correctly of a deed that he had done: (see 1:)] or he said his .,o [or tush]. (L.) - And Loe cut a thing. 1*J. (which may be either a simple subst. or (Myb. [But it is not clear (IAV.) to him ~. He H.e,]) reas, or became, an inf. n. of un.) or whether this meaning be there assigned to both confounded, or perplexed, and unable to see his 2. *j., (as in the $ and 1g,) or .. , of these verbs, or only to the latter of them.]) right course, by reason of shame: (S., 0:) or (as in one place in the L,) [both of which may See also L he was, or became, ashamed, and confounded, or be correct, for the verb is said in the K to be perplexed, and unable to see his right course, (T, J part. n. of J"; (Mqb;) [Confounded, both intrans. and trans.,] Hisflesh became con. M,1 ,) [or, simply, ashamed, (see *J),)] in or perplexed, and unable to see his right course, tracted, shrunk, or wrinkled; ($,TA;) as also conequence of a deed that he had done: (T, M, by reason of shame: or ashtamed, and con- t .. 3: (S, A,* I :) or his fljesh wasted so that has a more particular sifni- founded, or perplexed, and unable to see his right there appeared streaks upon his skin: (TA in TA:) thus j'lJI course, in consequence of a deed that he has done: art. .,:) fication than ':JI: (TA:) or it is like :L'. or he (a beast) became lan, or lankh, (Mqb.) -And He remained silent, (T, C,) or or, simply,] ashamed. ($, Myb.) - [Other or light of Jsh, or slender or lank in the belly, · tiU, (M,) not apeaking nor moring. (]g.) _ And meanings are shown by explanations of the verb.] so that his flesh became furrowed, or wrinkled : He was, or became, in a confused and dubious - Applied to herbage, X Tall, (R., TA,) and and '., ti,J his Jfesh became flaccid and * case, (JK, M,* !,*) so that he kntem not hore to tangled, or luxuriant, or abundant and dense, quivering, by reason of kleanness. (L.) And ;.4 extricate himslf from it. (M, ](.) -_ Also, said and goodly, and ISd adds, full-grown: and t It (travel) rendered him lean and wasted: of a camel, tHe went in mud, and became like ! .~ [in like manner], applied to the kind ( :) and so evilness of state or condition. him who is confounded, or perplexed, and unable of trees termed _., dense, or tangled, and (A,* TA.) to sea his right course: (JK,*M,K,TA:) or tall: or, applied to herbage, or pasturage, wide, 3. ZW. t He oppos-'d him, being opposed by he stuck fast in mire. (T, TA.) _ And in like abundant, full-grown, that detains one so that him: (A:) or iw wa., or became, angered, or manner, tHe became agitated, or convulsed, or he stays among it, not passing beyond. (TA.)enraged, against him, and opposed him in his he struggled, orfloundered, vith his load: (JK:) And, applied to a place, and a valley, tAbounddeed, or work. (g.) he was oppressed by the load, ing with tangled, or luxuriant, or abundant and or 1J 4 J" (, TA,) so that he was agitated, or convulsed, dense, herbage: (8:) or, applied to a valley, 5. .;3 It (the ground) became furrowed, (g,) : exceedingly or cleft, by a torrent. (L in art. .) or he struggled, orfloundered, beneath it. (TA.) (JK, ,) as also 3.r, See - And, said of a plant, or of herbage, tIt mas, abundant in herbage: (R, TA:) or tangled, or also 2, in two places. .. 1 i.* t The people or became, tall, and tangled, or luxuriant, or luxuriant, or abundant and dense, therewith; became divided into distinct bodies, or parties. abundant and dense; (ISd, ], TA;) mad so (JK, ], TA;) resounding nith the humming of (L in the present art) Bk. I. 89

Dung of a beast of the ox-kind; (JK,


706 ).1 1J TAe furrows, or grooves, of wellropes, in a well; made by drawing them. (L.) , ($, Mb, ]5, &c.,) of the mauc. gender - J ^z ~The mark, of whips; (1;) (Lb, 5) only, (Lb,) and t* ,, with 0amm, (:,) but the latter is rare, (TA,) The cheek; the the furrows made by whip: upon the back. (L.) jJ.dl! _a,e, (8,) or . part extending from the circuit of the eye ,,..b, (so in a (,4. l [in the C1 V1 ]) to the part copy of the A,) XA blow, or stroke, or beating, where the beard grows, on either side of the thatfurrows the ahin. (S, A,* TA.) face: (L, M9b, 1 :) or from the outer angle .! Each of the tushes, or canine teeth; the of each eye to the extremity of the side of the two together being termed the J l 1 .. (L.) mouth: or the part bordering upon the nose, *1, on either side: (L,V1:) each of the i1JUi, in ;.i..* [A pillow, or cushion]: so called because it is put beneath the cheek: (S, A, Mb:) pl. the face: ($:) pl. of the former >.jii.: (M9 b, TA:) it has no other pl. (TA.) -The former i '1. (A, M.b.) - Also An iron implement is also sing. of jj. meaning S The planhu on with which the ground is ftrrowed, trenched, or the rigAt and left of the j;ji [or two boards clef. (S, L.) that lit agains the camel' ides] of the [vehicles l . A camel having the marh called 1l.. termed] lj (A, A, TA) and ;i: (A, TA:) made upon his cheek. (S, A.) or signifies the plank (m..) of the : and the pl. is ;&iJ, (15,) [a p). of pauc., but] contr. to rule, (TA,) and (pl. of mult., TA) ;t1. and Xl.-. (1.)._Also tA side, or lateral portion, of a [tract of high and rugged ground such as is termed] JU. (A, TA.)_ And :An assembly, a company, or a congre. gated body, (15, TA,) of men: (TA:) a ranh, or clas, of men: (A, L:) and a race, or generation, of men. (L.) You say, .NL. 1l ,-J I t &amw a rank, or class, of men. (L.) And 1 , (A,) or ; , (L,) 1.miJ 1., (A, L,) t We slew, (A,) or he sleythem, (L,) rank after rank, (A, L,) and clas after class. (A.) And ,1.all . e t A race, or generation, of men passed away. (L.)IA road. (IAa, 1.)

6. 1;1.3 ! They opposed each other. (A,TA.)

A valley of who falls the object respecting

[BooK I. Khadibdt]: a prov., applied to a man into perdition; or to one who mises of hb aim, or pursuit: (A,, 15 :) mee, it, [Z", in] art. .,.. (TA.)

r'. An old man. (A,15.) Great, big, or bulky; (S, A, ] ;) applied to a man, (S,) or to an ostrich, &c.; (1;) fem. with ;, applied to a girl: (.:) great, and thick or coare or rude [in make]: (TA:) big in the aide: (1sam p. 439:) big and trong; applied to an old man: (JK:) a man, and a camel, perfect and strong in make: (A:) a camel strong and hardy (A, , TA) and big. (TA.)

34' 1 , (JK,TA,) or aq. , (TA,) A severe wound breaking the head. (JK, TA.)
spicuous road: (JK, ., 1 :) so says Esh-Sheybanee. (8.) And the latter, A way of acting or conduct: so in the saying, A i. Lj; OCj a.;JL [Such a one is follUoing a good, righteous, or just, way of actinj or conduct]. (TA.)_Opinion, jud4jnent, or cousel: (K :) so in the saying, d4oh,- ;.. [Iforsok himn and his countel]. (TA.)_ One's first, or original, a#;iir, concern, or business: (AZ, JK, S, 1 :) so in the saying, /i. U. k."l [Apply tAy self to thy first, or thine originial, affair, &c.] (AZ, JK, 8.)
.. ,i.

(8, 15,) or ,;.,

(JK,) A con-

;.G. t A man (L) lean, or emaciated; (S, L;) having little Jflesh. (L) And the fem., with 3, tA woman fat but roasted in body [so that she isfurrowed, or wrinhled]. (L.)



(8, 15,) aor. ', inf. n. , (TA,) He smote him with a sword: (~, ] :) or he cut 1. ',M.i,
him: (AZ:) or he smote him with a sword, cutting the flesh, without cutting the bone: (T, 1 :) or he smote him on the head, (JK, Y',* TA,) and the like, (JK,TA,) with a sword. (JK.) .. .,- signifies also The act of rending, or cutting open, the skin and the filh together, (J K, S, TA.) with the canine tooth. (JK, TA.) And The act of biting. (15.) You say, a.t c.J.. The rpent bit him. ($.) -And The act of lying, or saying what is untrue. (].) You say, I,.. He lied. (JK, g.)- And The act of milking much. (1.) 5. .i3


see the next preceding pagragTph.

See also ;jJ,I, in four places.
O4.1J . ..

p.!.i. (8,05) and ,.a (JK) and .,j i..-.,, (S, 15,) applied to a man, (JK,¥,) Stulpid; (JK;) characterized by t [i. c. stupidity, or taUnes comnbined with stupidity, &c.]; (S,1;) and [simply] by tallness: (1: [in which l is said to be syn. with jj :]) fern. [of the first], applied to a woman, ',.: (S :) and the first, one who cannot restrainhimself, by reason ,!f œtupidity: (TA:) and the same, (1,) or ·~ ~, (JK,) one who goes his own way, at random, or heedlessly, without any certain aim or objert, or without consideration, not obeying a guide to the right course, (JK, 1g, TA,) by reason of ignorance, (JK,) or from boldness. (TA.)_-Also [the fem.] applied to any ap.., [she-] animal, That is wont to wound, and hill, and eize its prey and break its neck. (lAr.) And ; and . [A dart,orjavelin,] that i,fiicts a wride wound. (1K.) And L' *'. (S,) and fI. i. , (K:,) [A thrut, and a blow,] with which the J [or belly, &c.,] is asaulted: (.,K :) or thc former, a wide thrust or wound with a s,Iea,o~ the like: and the lattcr, a continuous and long act of beating. (TA.)_ And t' LJ A coat of mail that is

Lm.: see ).,J, aalso j,.. ,b.: see

in four places: -and l


He went a middling pace. (AV, K1.)

.,... Stupidity; (JK;) i. q. $a [which ;1.v. A mark made with a hot iron upon the means the same; or tallnes combined with cheek t(, A, 1J) of a canel. (A.) stupidity; &c.]: (S, K1:) and [simply] taUness, ;... A furrow, trench, or channel, in the or length; (S,* K, TA;) as also t .a. (TA.) ground; (e,A,1;) u also * (A,1) and One says, a.; . ,.s gj There was, in (]5:) a deep trench in the ground; as also t i.: applied in the 1ur [lxxxv. 4] to a deep trench into which, it being filled with fire, some believers in the true God were cast by some idolaters among whom they dwelt: (TA:) a hole, hollow, cavity, pit, or the like, dug, or excavated; (Mb ;) as also t L..: (S:) pl. ~,.! : (A,M^b:) the pl. of .is is . 1 (A;) and the pl. of t~. is ;,.. (TA.)_

Na'tmeh, .t_4 [i.e. stupidity, c.-]: (~,TA:) Na'imeh being the surname of Beyhes, (TA,) who became the subject of a prov. respecting the taking of blood-revenge: (1K in art. ~.i.:) Beyhes EI-Fcz&ree, surnamed En-Na'ameh, [or simply Na'ameh,] was one of seven brothers, who were slain [in a case of blood-revenge], except himself; he being left because of his stupidity; for which he became proverbial. (TA in art. ~..) One says also, ,o . t.J A riulet, or streamlet; syn. Jj .; (Mob;) (lie is long-tongued; lit.] in his tongue is length. smooth, or pliable, (:.;J,JK, S, K,) and (so in ar also t .; (L, 1 ;) of which the pl. [of (S.) - Also The act of making haste. (KL.) the JK, but in the.K "or") wide. (JK,15:.) pauc.] is contr. to rule; and of mult. c31., ,.a;: see the next preceding paragraph. ,o. Cutting; or sharp: (IAV, 15:) applied and X ;1. a1. (L.) _ 1t and't ;i. [tLe to a sword, and a spear-head, and a dog-tooth. latter probably a mistranseription for ;, pl. (IAa.) - See also ,., in three places. ... , 4 ,, of V;~,] Tho main or middle parts, or open aa_: see .y 1. nor.: (Q, M.b, 1) and , (1,) a or obvious tracks, (,.d!,) of a road: (L:) [because · S tj. I; (E, X ,') or this is a simple subst., [They fel into the inf. n. tl.,, filrrowed by the feet of beasts and men.]1






. and see also : see : ace and any a nd t L 1-.: (A:) applied in a trad. to prayer 19, (a camel, AZ, $, M sb, (MNb,) She r i an the FiPtiah is not recited. (~, Mgh, which cloven-hoofed or solid-hoofed animal, AZ, M sb, her cast TA) female, another sometimes TA, or W) 'A.) And t, . .': in which [likewise] youg onebefore the completion of the days of e or , is an inf. n. latter word is for tL.4 . he 1. s , intranUL v.: see 4, in six 1. '. and j gestation, (AZ, Ilt, g, Mqb, V,) to which l1oot ti zed incomjletely Pilgrimage t epithet, an .1, ilaces: ilaees: -and for the former, as a trans. v.: see adds, (M#b,) en if it Pere comlpketly formed; usedas tr3. 2 a pl. of -Also p. 392.) r P performe (ar ; (Itll, Mqb;) erformeA j 1, aor. ,inf. n. ;.., (,MIb ;) u also I I, in two places. TA.) 8', TA.) as or, (TA:) ; aid a;) nd of the body, (TA,) I a. , inf. of a limb, (M sb, aid 0and t 0 1 also see -and il. : see 3 3J,&. above, ,ad and preg. her said of the leg or as above, n. wrhen inf. one ,js.u, ad young t her some say, she as comthe between c.ot, apparent, It nacy had become (, A,) and of the arm or hand, (TA,) The The young one of a camel broughtforth f fnot, a period the and affseted or Pas, torpid, or fornation benumbed, it or became, of menee the gestation], iy by b bfore the completion of the days [(of o t or laxity, (?, Myb, ],) or by a a languidnesu, ittlebefore the completion; asalso E5, ;) ( formed; ' ~erciing completely it be if even K,) (, ( teavinta, or and an impotence of (lAar,) (Mqb:) icavines, below: but seethe latter verb I"j; and ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~,i. of the also motion. notion, [ a contraction .]_See by ~. or * rule, Msb,) to (IA%r, accord. defective so, notion, a and in one young her (a camel) cast she [&c.], foot or inews; leg the of said upo)n s the (TA;) hair inews; It any respecting trad. without a in or applied time: is It the .a. R 1 1 oa4a, before blood: merely forth tbecameasleep. bringing j..)_Alsoi6,, art. in (TA miscarried, asleep. became roor-mte it: or to A calf one year old, or undler, that it por-rate tillfollow.,r nf. n. as above, t He became languid from and Thibit mentions the last but one of these till follows its mother; resembling a iCi..W. ; J iriitking as relating to a human being: (TA:) properly drinking wine or medicine. (TA: but only the significationa properly so called] in the smallness of its limbs, n£ ( and i j o t&.J. woman, a nf. n. of the v. in this sense is there mentioned.) of say or you ind Oth than a or Knd strength less having its in inld t lie was, or became, lazy, or slothfIul, and And n 1 in one and the same sense, (Aboo;: i; (TA.) languid. Wnguid. a;!.(TA.) (1K,' TA: but in this instance, also, languid. a in factux her Kheyreh, TA,) meaning she cast mly apparent: .!r 1U/: become had the inf. n. is mentioned.) And only suck a state that its form A A she-camel (or a female of another drid' A) nerely bones became feeble. (A.) And jste mixcarried, bringinfgforth and , TA) casting her young one before the conm- (S,A) His kinl, (A,) S eye inf. n. as above, (]g,) His lblood: when she has brought it forth before its Welion (A, (A,) ' .;. Wletion of the days [of gestation], (S, A, R,) I says so : her of became heavy, became anys or TA:) one (], languid: grown, became also hair has !ren if it be completely formed ; (S, A;) as cren or a was, from (A, or (A,) nsan) (a rubbing, of lIe o t reason by (A,],) of Az. (TA.) - Anid and .lj,. . of whi,) the pl. is , .i., (TA,) inf. n. mote in it. (A, .K.)- And '., became, defiident in a limb, or member. (A.) _ and : or a she-camel casting her young as . and (TA,) tIt See abo 4, in two places. day, the of said TA,) (1, above, one one in a defectire state, before the time. (TA. became intensely hot: - aind t intensely cold: 2: se L. [See 1, of which it is the act. part. n. And see (IS, and (K, TA: [see also the part. n. ·j]). :).4. ;m l She (a camel) broaojht forth hter also t 4 ]) [Hence,] 1A man deficient in : tit was, or became, calm; without wind, and also C:.MMJ) eren K,) youg one imlC;efe,etlyformed, ($, Malt, -a .]) without a breeze. (A, TA.) if the period of gestation were .omplete: (S, K ) a limb, or nmember. (A. [See also see J-?' %°see C:%.. ; l and he former, she brought or so .ljii; 2. j.-., (A, Msb,) inf. n. JAL; (V ;) and forth her youttng ine imperfectly firmed at the . 6& i L : see tj.m.l, tjml, and s.u., (A, M sb,)inf. n. jt~l; a (12;) crompletion of tlhe period: (1Ist, MAb:) or she (Meb,) formeed completcly one · . , ,(Mhb,) inf. n. ;; (1.;) ie, (M ab,) browght forth hser yoryng The The young 0 one of a camel broughtforth or they, namely, her fan:ily, (A, Myb,) made a (TA.) ofbrinygiogfoy.th. time before the proper even impelfctlyefore(l,,even if the period of gestation girl to keep herself behind, or within, tlhe curtain; llence, (TA,) hare See also 1, in two plisces. S, A,1];) as also (A, Msb, 1 ;) and kept her.from menial been completed; (iKt, hare employ0 . 4 ,*a* a;:11 ;1d, (TA*r, S,)or a 5 l, Qg,) [Te (T,,%,) (A,TA) v.] [q. . * . and (TA) .t... ments her v accomplish to out going from and ,nents promore (but &..I winter, or tlhe sprinyor summer K, (a S, She t ivants. sj.S. (IA9ir, [Hence,] (Myb.) rain. wants. litile and bably the former),] lhad : (TA:) or brought and t and of gazelle) covert in a one young her concealed forilt , (T,TA,) or TA.) And il forth completely formed before the p7o0er time trees And (TA.) hollow. in a or like, the or of liringhyigforth. (TA.) -: t A man made de(TA,) tDThe lonvreof the 7reo wooden instruments (f ttj,..1 It (a lurking-place) concealed a lion; for producingfire]failcd to emit fire. (T, TA.) ficient ficient in a limb, or member: (A:) or defective :)] and jj (seea [as also tj.: TA;) (1, a (11, in defective man in And tx&s.l tlIe rendered a .]) in make. (TA, from a trad. [Se also t t it (anything) prevented a thingfroin being seen. *imb, or member: said of God. (A.) And t lIe And in the arm, or (TA.) deficient A man .t JI1 And t It (rain) confined 1 - [And hence,] ; performed incompletely his prayer; (Es.Sara: see people in their houses or tents. (TA.) And aB. M . ]~.) , Mgh, (A, hand. hand. and :) (Mb : t &h ? so or Vuu4ce, A, M 9 b;) tjvwl Y.jj,d.1 .Mtj.1 t It (night) confined, detained, or with. in like manner, (i. e. the former verb,) t a salutaheld, nSee also 4, where it is held, a person. (TA.) aq tion: (TA, from a trad. :) and t/ke performed (TA) A she- app. R,) and ; (s, A, '~ (A) .j. formed j.~j. S he for and mistranscription a app. TA:) (A, unoundly his affair: bringingforth her young ote imperfectly uvid a limb, camel It ntade signify (10) also Vjl und (A.) opinion. his unsoundly formed, ecen if the period of gestation be com- (]g,) formed, (II,) and the body, (TA,) and a leg or foot, (A,) plete: (S, A, .K, TA:) or bringing fnoth her and W C . .. til 1. : see g: young young one completely formed beJore the proper and an arm or a hand, (TA,) to become j.m, tldm inf. n. of 1 in the first of the senses time i. e. benumbed, &c. (A, 1~, TA. [See ;..]) .]) i. time of bringi,# forth. (TA. [See also subst. You say, xU l sy., meaning Long. sitting explained above; (@, g;') or a simple and that [lit. she-camel [A '$1; his legs, or feet, to V l. therefrom; (Myb;) or a subst. from 4 in the made and *t,1 sitting-plartes] the c firt of the senses explained above. (Mgli.) Sec usually casts her young before the completion of be in that state. (A, TA.) 1, 1 hence, (Mqb,) t Dejfct, or the days of gestation, even if completelyformed: . -And also Il 3. [Hte acted covtly with me]. (A, bring. (see usually tAg a she-camel or] 1:) deficiency. (AH, A, Mgh, Myb, TA.) forth her. youtng imnperfectly drmed, (A, TA,) TA. ]) is coupled with TA. [In both, ~j, 1, (1, A, Mgh, Ii,) in wihichi the latter word even if at the proper time, (A,) or before the is an inf n. used as an epithet, (A,) or for propor 4. - ' She (a girl) kept herself behind, or proper time: (TA:) or that usually brinjsforth 4. within, Mb ;) s 1,M. ;.ll, (Mgh, TA,) Prayet incompletely Aff her young completely formed bejfore the proper within, the curtain; (Es-Sara4usee, also and .Tjj,,t-l, V and t :;9.J3, (A, TA,) time of bringingtj forth. (TA.) performed; ($,A, Mgh, ]p;) as also RQ 89*



708 j., j>jd.. (TA.) -[Hence,] tj.; [in the C] ,ij,. (app. a mistranscription)] and tj r1I t He concealed, or hid, himself; (V, 1 TA;) as also *;'., like t& [in measure]:

J.X& -


[Boo 1I. (TA:) the pl. is A.s.I; (A;) and ; ifi used as a pl.; (TA;) and [in like *j.f~~1 is a 39 manner] j. j.1l );omeans the [wild] seasses. (TA in art. ;?.')-_ ZJM1 .A certain race of horses: so called from a stallion named If,Cl.' j~.. J-%&I. (V.) 0.9 0. no jj.I: see j . j~ and;~: and j : am s e .

gazele, &c., with languideyes,] as though drowsy, (?, A,) by reason of the motionlss state of its eye, and its neaknes&. (A.) , ..e - tA day intensely hot: (Lth :)-and [intensely cold: (see j; :) or] cold and damp: (TA:) or damp: (TA:) whence the saying, . ,; *-t. ', 1 (.:) or rainy, and cloudy or misty: (Az :) and i.e. [The small isolated mountain, or the like;] becameu concealed by the mirage. (TA.) [Hence 1 ;j. &T tA night cold and damp: (TA:) or also,] jJ.l t He (a lion) kept himself in hiJ r damp. (s.)_ See also ~i'. lurking-place; ($, A, ;) as also t j,. and ·. s'; tA rain. (TA.) tjJ;, (TA,) or &. .; ;j.. (A, TA.) And ;ij. [i. q. ;J (inf. n. of ) as meaning t It (a bird) remained in its nest. ($.) And +He (a man) remained, stayed, or abode; ($, Numbness, &c., or] heainess of a leg, and ina;) gt;4 in a place; as also tJ&, inf. n. bility thereof to walk. (IAr.) - See also jw.; (] ;) and 11 ,. among his family. a-($.) And .*;., (,;) inf.n. ;j (],) t He (a S.j t A black ma: ( :) as though a rel. n. gazelle) remained behind the herd; not going with it: ($, ]:) and Ah (a beast) remained from AJ, ;'J . [The darkness, or intense darkbehind; not overtaking, or coming up with, the ness, of night]. (TA. [See also a ... 1]) others. (TA.) And IfI1 t They entered upon night [andso became concaled from view]. (TA.) .JjA-: see tI., in two places. And t They entered upon a day of rain, and of tL.q1 :A dark night; ($,A,]g;) as also clouds or mist, and of wind: (g :) or rain canme 1 upon them. ($.) -- ,~Js as a trans. V.: see 2, ,t .i (g) and f>. (A) and ' .and in four places. and ;.. t;. (L.) tA black cloud. ($.) 5: see 4, in two places. tA camer intensely black: (S, ]:) fem. with 5. 8: see 4, in three places. (S. [See also LjS..]) Black hair. (A.) ;),~ AI curtain (, A, Mqb, g) that is extendedfor a girl in a part of a howue, or chamber, or tent; as also je.I: :) and hence, (M,) any chamsber, or houe, or tent, or the like, that conceal# a person: (M, 1:) or a chamber, or houe, or tent, in which is a woman; not otherwise: (Mb :) pl. [of mult.] ],. (A, Msb, 1) and [of pauc.] 1jl,J, and pl. pl. [i. c. pl. of the latter of thee two, or pl. of .. ] j. (]s.) -[And hence, A vehicle composed of] piecs of wood set up over the saddle (%,J) of the camel, and curtained with a piece of cloth; (] ;) i. e. 4j. a (TA.)_[Hence also,] :The lurking-place of a lion. (S, , TA.) -.. See also what next follows.

J.%i~: ;-: see j also S

.:-- and je:

-^and see

i~. (,A,A,) and t,Sl- and tI.u~ (g) A girl kept behind, or within, the curtain. (O) ( A, .)-And ; M (TA) and t;lj,L; (A, TA) A curtained [vehicl of the kind caUled] t,.~. (A, TA.) - [And hence,] t;:~ and j,as~ (in some copies of the g and in the TA j~ ,s~ j and t>;,) IA lion concealed in his Itirking-place. lurking-place. (g, TA.)

.;, and ;Sj.~: see what next precedes, in thlree places.

And 'At.J aJlt&. tA black-haired girl. (A.)
- -~1 also signifies tAn eagle; (S, j;) because of its colour; (S ;) i. e. its intense blackness. (IB.) In the following verse, Ia .25I
-, I -,





[which may be rendered, As though a black eagle spread in the sky itsx wing], Th says that the poet may mean, by Utti&, the bird [so called], or a banner, or garments of the kind called t,H!, which they spread over them. (TA.)
>;s. (S A, 1) and t;a (A, TA) [originally Keeping behind, or witihin, the j,s, or curtain. And hence,] IA lion keeping, or abiding, in his lurking-place: (A,* K,* TA:) or entering into it. (S, TA.) And the former, and t, tA gazelle,emaining behind the herd; not going with it: and ta beast that remains behind; not overtaking, or coming up with, the others: and l.'u- likewise signifies t a camel that is in the rear of the other canmelr; that remains behind them, and when it sees them go on, goes on with them. (TA.) ~*;.I. signifies also tLanguid, and lazy, or slothfil. (S.)-And tA gazelle haringfeeble bones. (TA.)

1. ,l:, (Az, $,A, t.~,) aor. , (S, Mb, ,) Zo' inf. n. -%Z,., (Mgh, Mb,) He scratchedhim, or in£ it, (namely, the face, Ax, $, Mgh,) with tahe nails, so so as to caun blkeding or not; (Az, $,* Mgh, 'V TA;) i. q. & *: (Az, A, , TA:) he wounded J~. hitn in the outer shin, so as to make it bleed or not: (Msb :) he lacerated it, namely, the skin, (A,K,) little or much: or tore off its surface with a stick or the like. (].) You say, , 21.

c l,... She scratched her face with

heer nails in the upper parts of wtha4 appeered thereof, so as to make it bleed or not, on the .9*i occasion of aJfiction. (Az. TA.) 2. '...:, (S, TA,) inf n. u. , (A, TA,) [meaning He tratched him, or it, (namely, the face,) with the nails, vehmently, or much,] is with teshdeed to denote intensiveness, or muchnes.

j: ·inf. n. of>.t [q. v.]. (Mob, g.) Also, and t;., t The darkness of ni'ght: ( :) or darkneu absolutely; as also t ~: (TA:) or this last signifies intene darkneu: (, TA:) or, accord. to some, the night consists of five .divisions, ~ a. and n ' and '4 and j ' and ;,. .; so that this last signifies the last [of five divisiou] of the night: or, accord to Kr, the division next before this is called (TA.)-tA dark place: (1K:) or adark, and lom or d~epred, place. (I[am p. 234.)_ See also -l,1. t Rain: ($, 1 :) or clouds, or mist, and rain. (ISk.) _ See also 5M

(S, TA.)



IA little rain [such as scratched the ground in many places] fell upon the land. (A, TA.)

. ,1J] -,dj., inf. n. a~L.. and 5,ljm, I scratched the man's face with my nail, he cratching myface in like manner. (TA.) ,.A.,

an inf. n. used as a subot, (Mgh, M,b,)





see I


.us.l: [fem. ~,.1.: see j... follows.


j:] s.9

see 5,j&. s. -s ,A: see what next

The mark made by scratching mith the nails, (Mgh, M9b,0 ],*) whether it cause bleeding or 1 not: (Mgh:) pl. 4,, ($, A, Mgh, M,b, K,) which is syn. with 3. (;,TA.)

a, .t. (A, TA.)

In his heart is somewhat of hurt.

.%., applied to a limb, Afficted witlh. , or numbnes, &c. (].)- [Hence,] iij. ' and . 1 An eye in a languid state: or heavy, by reason of rubbing, orfrom a mote in it. (TA.) And , j. j :[A gazelle, or young

.)Od.l Awrild an: ($, 1:) so called from a certain stallion namedj4.*l1: (TA:) some say, (TA,) this was a horse, (A, TA,) belonging to 1. es.., (TA,) [aor.: ,] in. n. (Bl in Ardasheer, that became wild: (A:) and some say that he was an ass: or so called in relation to iii. 8,) He hid it, or concaked it; (TA;) as also El-'Irk, but 18d says, I know not how this is: t s,,~1, (M9 b, TA,) inf. n. 1i'Z. (TA.) _-

Boox I.] [And hence, app.,] (IM,g,) inf . as above, sult of their ?s
(Lb,) tHe doubled it, or folded it, one part upon another; namely, a garment, or piece of cloth. (Lb, g, TA.) -[And hence, also, accord. to some,] e. aor. o, ', inf n. .. (Q,Mgh, Msb, 1) and , (AZ, ?, ],) or the latter is a simple subst., (Mqb, TA,) and ia 4 ., (TA,) or this [also] is a simple subst., (Mib, TA,) like l1,

[or deceit] does not bejal any save thmselves: ( :) here, again, Aboo-.Hay/h reads X9 .: (TA:) Muiirri1 reads t ?v ,s2h, ·· meaning ci. (].) Accord. wealth, (:, TA,) and the like, (TA,) became small in amount, or little. (], TA.) Said of a time, inf. n. , lIt rain becanm little: (TA:) and of ram, lIt became little. (!, TA.) 8Said of spittle, or saliva, 5It dried: (f, 9, TA :) or it became little,anddried, in the mouth: (A, TA.) or it became deJicient; and when it becomes deficient, it becomes thick; and when it becomes thick, it becomes stinking: (TA:) or it became corrupt: (IA4r, TA:) and in' like manner, said of a thing, it became corrupt, or bad. (TA.) [See also otL, below.] -Said of

to IAir, .lt


ljJ. e [meaning ehe

[which is also an inf. n. of 3,] and like a.,


He deceivd, deludd, beguiled, circumented, or outwitted, him; syn. ;. (?, Mgh, 1 ;) and desired to do to him a foul, an abominable, or an evil, action, without his kowming whence it proceeded: (g,] :) or he dissembled [or acted de-. ceitfully) with him; pretended to him the contrary of what hi concealed: (TA:) or he made Aim to resign, or relinquish, the object that he had in view, by pretending to him something the contrary of what he concealed: 5Er-Rtghib, B :) and t as.kl, (, TA,) inf. n. (S) [and Q'


], signifies the same; (* .J1.l; and Vt .3; and

TA;) as also .,A., inf.n. (TA:) or this last signifies he deceired

preventing from discovering, or accepting, the truth]. (L.) [",He deceived him," or the like. seems to be generally regarded as the primary signification of , for rc. it occupies the first place in all the lexicons to which I have access: bat Bd says (in ii. 8) that this meaning is from E;. said of the , and that the primary signification of ;., is the act of "concealing:" the action of the ., however, as will appear in what follows, implies, and originates from, a desire of deceit; and so, often, does the act of concealing.] -[Hence, app.,] J,e I gained the mastery over him. (TA.) __ , (Lth, TA, &c.,) aor. ', inf. n. , (TA,) said of a [lizard of the kind called] ,, [as though meaning 4 either u,.11%j w. It deceived the hunter, or

a generous man, (V,) *rHe rfrained [from
giving], (, L/, /,) and rc~f . (L.) You say,
, -fij LS; Xj J b1 :[Such a one ued to give; then Ae refrained, and re.fiuse. (f.) eU;- aor. ', inf n. n.%, Hie cut, or ewerd,

his [vein called the]

(TA.) (.

him, ddeluded him, beguiled him, circumvented him, or outwitted himn, much: (KL:) [and of another of these verbs we find the following various explanations :] ~S i is syn. with eaq.' [which has the first of the meanings assigned in this sentence to ,. ; or signifies he practised with him mutual deceit, debltsion, guile, or citreumention; he deceired him, &c., being deceived, &c., by him; and this latter meaning, if not cach meaning, may be intended here by #,.dtb.; for Bd says, (in ii. 8,) that Liat l. is between two]: (TA:) or it signifies he strove, endearoured, or desired, to deceive, delude, beguile, circumvent, or outwit, him; (AAF, L;) [agreeably with what is said by Keml P&sha Z(delh, (as I find in a marginal note in a copy of the MS, and also in the Kull p. 178,) that one says of a man .&.. when he has not attained his desire, and pm. when he has attained his desire ;] for many a verb of the measure J&U relates to one only; as in the instances of ,:i J, and ;24 j.il: (L:) or it signifies, [like he te,] prctended to him something different from that irhich was in his mind. (]4.) It is said in the Kur [ii. 81], t zt l ', i (TA,) meaning 17tey pretend, to God and to those who hare belieed, something different from that which is in their minds, by concealing unbelief and pretending belief; for when they do thns to the believers, they do thus to God: (K :) and again,

2. .,, inf. n. : ee 1, third sentence. _- . He was deceited, deluded, beuiled, circumvented, or outwitted, repeatedly, o that he 't,. it concealed itself,] signifies it cntered became experienced: or he wa deceivd, &c., in war, time after time, so that he becameu skhil: into its hole; (Ltlh;) as also o . : or he becamc experienced in affairs: or he beeame (S, :) or it scented a man, and therefore enesperienced in affairs, sound in judgment, cuntered its hole, in order that it might not be caught; ning, and guileful. (TA.) as also ?tta.il : (TA:) or it entered into its 3. e1js-, inf. n. ilz. and tt.1: see 1, in hole in a tortuous manner: and in like manner, a means The cauing a gazelle into its corert: but mostly said of a five places._ .. : (Ahu-l-'Omeythil:) also said of other the eye to doubt rpe~Cting that which it sees. , l t.3.., (A4, ],) or things: (Lth:) of a fox, meaning he took to (yam p. 541.)_ going to the right and left, deceitfully, or guile- o, 1.j, (AA,) a phrase used by Er-Ra'ee, (TA,) Jilly: and of a man, meaning he hid himsey Heforsook, or relinquished, (AV, AA, Ig,) glory, from another: and he assumed a disposition not (A4,) or praie, not being worthy of it. (AA.) his own. (TA.) [See also , below.] 4. ,sl: ee 1, first signification. - He inHence, i. e. from i. said of the ,, (A, TA,) cited him to deceive, delude, beguile, circmvent, or outwit; or to desire to do to another a foul, s5 1 &. 'i t The disc of the sun set; (A, an abominable, or an evil, action, without the K,TA;) like . (TA in art. .)_ latter' s hnowing whence it proceeded; or to pre[And] a. llis eyje sank, or became tend to another something different from that dlepressed, in his head. (Lb, ]~, TA.) [Also which was in his mind. (i.) In the ]Jur ii. 8, meaning tHits eye did not sleep: for] N .ZI& quoted above, Yah yk Ibn-Yanar reads, · 1.Asignifies tlte jeye didl not sleep. (TA.) Of * (TA.) [IIence also, as indicated in the S,] :. & t 5. t..3 He constrained hiumself to deceire, a_.. L& ,. ,t[A slumbeir did not enter my delude, beguile, circumvent, outnwit, or the like. eye]: (S:) or l .; :., c L, (so in the (1.,0 TA.) m e.3: see 1, third sentence. L,) or ,, i. e. ', (so in the TA,) meaning 6. 1jst,3 They deceired, deluded, beguiled, ta sltumber did not par by his eye. (L, TA.) circumvented, or outwitted, one another; or prac[And from the same source have originated tised deceit, guile, circumvntion, or the like, one several other tropical significations, of which exs. to another. (TA.) - t.1~3 He pretended deceit, here tollow.] j'1 C.s. ?The affairs vadelusion, guile, or circumvntion, (,* Pj,) on his ried in their state; or were, or became, variable. part: ( :) or he pretended to be doeived, de-


[in iv. 141], ..*& Mj ;hi!i *I V& [They (,Ib-'Abbad, .)_ -,l 1, (.S,,) inf. n. strie, endeavour, or desire, to deceive God, or] Gj&, (TA,) :[The market varied in its state; they think that they deceive God, but lie is [their at one time being brisk, and at another time dull, deceiver, i. e.,] the requiter, to them, of their in reqpect of trafic: (see t3.., below:) or] the e;.t [or deceit, &c.]: (TA:) or the meaning is market became dull in respect of trafci; (S, ;) [they deceime] the friends of God: (S:) and as also tt..;1l; (Lb,TA;) or tj."I: (Q: [agreeably with this last rendering, and that given [but 35.. is generally fem. :]) and, as some say, in the lg,] Aboo-1layAh reads, in the former pas- it became brisk in respect of traffic: thus it apsage, ~i' ~ .: (TA:) [which passage con- pears to have two contr. significations: (TA:) 7The price became high, or dear. tinues thus :] .- l ' to, , .s [but they and °.t1 do not deceive any mae thaemelves]; i. e., the re- (TA.).. Said of a man, iM also signifies t.His I

luded, beguiled, circumvented, or outwitted, not being so; (I, TA;) as also * C,Ji. (TA.) 7. t ~,l quami-pa. of ,U. [i.e. He bcame deceived, deluded, beguiled, eircumtwented, or outwitted]: (?, Mab, TA:) or he was content to be deceied, deluded, beguiled, circumvented, or outwitted. (Lth, ].) - See as o l. See albo 1, latter half, in two places. 8. c l; l and ;a , for - . : j see 1, in the former half of the paragraph, in two places.


710 Deceit, deluson, guile, circumvention, i.,D. or outmitting; and a desire to do to another a foul, an abominable, or an evil, action, without the latter's knowroig wsAnc it proceds; (M, i;) ;) as also a subst. from .. ii.; ($, Mlb, 1t -, (M9b,TA,) or this is an inf. n.; (AZ, (TA;) , ) and ?tL.; (TA;) and which [is also an inf. n. of clt., and] originally signifies concealment: (yam p. 5 4 1 :) [and hence

[BooK I. -little good; bad years: (Sb, TA:) and jsstv l.. :Syears in which isu littlU e ae: (, aid of rain, or of spittle; !~, TA:) from and therefore doubly tropical: (TA:) or, as some say, years in which is much rain, and in also tj'. which th produce is little. (gh.) signifies t Corrupt, or bad; applied to food and

n: e bLd,

in two places.

3l;~bA ingle act of deceit, delusion, guile, circummention, or outwitting. (Mgh.) It is said 1, and t~,., .'. . in a trad., (Mgh, TA,)

(C,MgKh,M;b,],) and t a

.., (C,)and t as.,,

(AZ, Ks, , Mgh, ,) accord. to different relatens; (Th, Mgh, ;) the first being the most chaste, ($, Mgh, Mb,) said to be the form used by Mobammad; (Th, Mgh, Mb ;) the second ascribed by El-Kha#abee to the vulgar; (TA;) the last the best in point of meaning; (Mgh :) i. e., accord. to the first reading, (Mgh,) iVar is finished by a single act of deceit, &c.; (Mgh, O, ;) accord. to the second, war is a thing by which one is cdeeved; (Mgh, M9b;) or war is deceived; Ibr when one of the two parties deceives the other, it is as though the war itself were deceived; (IAth,TA;) [accord. to the third, mar is a mode, or manner, of deceiving;] and accord. to the fourth, war is a deceiver of those engaged in it (lAth, Mgh, TA) by the frequent deceits which A slumber. (TA.) occur therein. (Mgh.)

other things. (TA.) And you say, &J ;
tA d"eient, or defective, dendr. (f.) And

as above: and] also signifies prevention (i..);

U.%. A thing by which, or with which, one deceivw, deludes, beguiles, circumvents, or outmitx; (Mgh, Mb ;) like as aJ signifies "a thing with which one plays." (M.b.) 8ee 14.L - One whom people deceive, delude, beguile, cirP,) much; (]g;) like cumvent, or outwit, (V, as ;J signifies one "who is much cursed." The comparison of [See, again, Ls,.. in one sense with .J, and in another bJ.. sense with .;al,suggests that one of the explanstions above may perhaps be founded upon a mistranscription. On Ua. as the measure of a word having the sense of a pass. part. n., see a . -Ai.]-See also j remark of 1B voce


and art, artifice, cunning, or skill, in the manage- (TA.) ment of affairs; (lAv, $gh,V ;) or a making another to resign, or relinquih, the object that '..: :see itI, first sntence. [Hence,] :A. he has in view, by pretending to him something wolf that actsdeceitfully, or mischievously; or kat the contraryof what he conceals. (Er-Raghib,B.) practises artifice. (Z, egh, V. [In the Ci, tjl.])_J"~t~, is erroneously put for 1,t."; and its fem., with;: see the next paraAlso A person in whose love, or affection, no graph, in two places. confidence is placed. (.) - And hence, (TA,) mirage; (f, , 1°v~! is also applied to %The b .- [Deceiving, deluding, beguiling, circumrenting, outwitting, or the like;] act. part. n. TA;) accord. tosome. (~.) You say,t.I_JlLof e.M; Us also t j.L; (Myb ;) or [rather] SThe mirage deceived them. (TA.) - [For the this latter is an intensive epithet, signifying one same reason,] it is also applied to tThe cat. (IB.) who deceives, &c., much, or often; or very deceit- - And from the former of the last two meanings ], ful, &c.; or a great deceiver, &c.; (Mgh, ;) is derived the phrase (TA) f.h J*k (M, and t ; (Msb,TA,) and t, and 'l, TA) JS A ery deceitful, or guileful, gAhool; (V, (TA;) [but these three are also intensive epithets, TA;) so that it is doubly tropical. (TA.)_ e 6 ; in the latter partof the s .k* :0 and t .. signifies one who de;] like paragraph. ceives, &c., other men; (S;) or [rather] this last as explained above, (I,) or is syn. with , [q. v.].-Also A maU U17.. fem. of , door in a large door. (Ibn-'Abbid, 1.)- See l., fern. of c r 1o.: (Mgh:) [the pl. of


J. j S A man who brings eil upon others.



lt a.:] and the pl. of 'J


. also


[A mode, or manner, of deceiving, deaI4. hldin,,beguiliny, circumventing, or outwtitting]: sce i /.k. also a,s.. 1l.%: see ait; ,., in three places: [and see also 3.].... and see

procedure of the [lizard when it is attacked by a serpent, or hunted by a man feeling the head of its hole in order that it may imagine him to be a serpent: if the _ be experinced, it puts forth its tail to half the length of the hole, and if itfeel a erp7ent, it strikes it, and cuts it in halves; and if it be a hunter, it doe. not suffrr him to lay hold upon its tail, and so it escapes, for the hitnter does not dare to put hix hand into its hole, because it may not be freefrom a scorpion, of nhich he fears the sting, as a strong friendship subsists betr.een the ., and the scorpion, and the former makes use of the latter to defend itself fromn the hunter: or, a some say, it signifies its concealing itself, and remaining long in its hole, and seldom appearing, and being very cautious. (0, TA.)

4,?1. signifies The


· : ' see t,., in three places. _ Also tA she-camel that yields milk abundantly at one time, and withholds it at another. (i.)

b A [lizard of (Mgh.)_-[Hence,] L?;. the hind called] ,... that deceives, beguiles, or circumvents; (Z, TA;) as also tV o.. (S, ].) . t [Deceiving, or .; and t _- And 1 varying, and wery deceitful, or very variable, fortune, or time]. (TA.) [Whence, or] because JI is :a name of its variableness, (TA,) t1i for Fortune, or time. (i, TA.) - And e' ~ss51 ~S~ S Such a one remains not steadily in j t; SA varyone opinion. (TA.)_-And t ing, or rariable,diposition. (S, I, TA.)_And , %A noarket varying, or variable, in a&.%ta. its state; (S, A, O, ] ;) at one time being brisk, and at another time dull, in respect of traffic: (A, TA:) or a market dull in respect of traffwi: or a market in which one cannot obtain a thing because of its dearness. (TA.) &L also signifies t Anything unsaleable, or dfficult of sale, and in little demand. (TA.) And accord. to o"' Fr, the Benoo-Asan use the epithet t of sense in the [perhaps a mnistake for j.] : High, or dear, applied to a price. (TA.) 1 A road that appears at one And el.t. . ; as also ,j: time and ditappearsat anotlher (1 :) a road which one does not know: (TA:) a road deviating from the rigjht course; (TA;) as also V ',.; (S, , TA;) which one does not G tA water to know. (., TA.) And tt. the way. (TA.)knon, does not which one / ! Years in which is [Hence also,] s

t.,I1 [More, and most, dccitful, deluding, guileful, outwitting, or the like]. [Hence,] et; ,. '> [More deceitful, or guileful, than a dal,b]; a prov.; (?, ;) applied to a person over whom one has not power, by reason of deceit, or guile. (lAr.) They said also, .a1~



a .


[er ily thou art more ;* J deceitful, or guileful, than a dabb that I have t,A hunted]. (AZAAF,0.) [See 1..] [app. Each of the two branches of the occipital artery which are distributedupon the occiput;] a certain vein, (8, ]V,) one of a pair of emim, called the Oit;L1, (?, Mgh,M9b,) in the cuppingplace (Mgh, Msb) of the neck, (Mgh,) or in the p~ce [of the application] of the two cupping-itrumentU; being a branch from the Nj [or carotid artery]; (, ] ;) sometimes the scarification [for cupping] happens to be upon one of them, and the patient consequently is exhausted by loss of blood: ( :) the Jo~1l are two concealed wins in the place of the cupping of the necAk: Lb says, they are two veins in the neck: some say that q. v.: (TA:) the pl. is they are the O , '

t (I.)'





means Such

(A4, a one is strong in the place of the ~.I. $, O.)_-It also means t[Such a one is] a person who resists; unyielding; uncomplying. (TA.) .1.t1 eI t One who does not resit; And say also, yielding; complying. (TA.) -You G.~..ul >jj ~i I Such a one turned away, or

and bm ' (Mab.)-EI-Vuo pastern one 711 him tuhtd [as inf. n. of j,j,] in a ,. -kLence,] shanks with slendernes of the bones; as also .- -k:lence,] imbs, I;.U. in aside, and behaved proudly, or haughtily. (TA.) 1imbs, no.: ,orse, a whiteonss (, Mgh, TA) tThe having horse, and h two, in the (V:) orthese t J: Y.irn. a6 He rclinquished pride, or J And ,". home ach (., TA) surrounding 'termed , is atter of which the i is augmentative, a woman siuch as haughtines. (TA.) And to him who is proud, 1 blackness 2 i 1. ."-.g fuU fuU [or plutnp] in the shanks and fore arms. t,ke pastern of each hind foot, (9, Mgh, TA,) ., meaning t I /will one says, . 4,,j 1 AiiA abo [or extremities next the hoof], boove the 1_,' lAJI UJAL A woman round in the a'bove And (.) And assredly dipel thy pride. (lam p. 432.) the nd a l;i Her plare hank. shtank; ($, TA;) but shank. (JK.) And J nd stopping 4.*·-] who short of she tm )fofthe anklet [i.e. her ankle] is large, or big. l a-see what next follows. (., Mgh, TA.) [See also ot inthat the fore foot. [See And last sentence.] When it is in one hind leg, plump] shank: ,i., lut And * & 1 A full [or gralm -(Fr, Ya oob, 9, Mob, 0( (.) -and1 e J , (JK.) (K:) or or a round shank: pl. J 1 Z&. he he horse is termed .14. (?, TA.) - [Hlence, J sheep and t'A,.; (Msb,TA;) the first of which is also,] Iso,l . tiler husband attired her Iso,] 1l... 4-13 )and (,1)and the original form, the second being adopted and VIS.C 's (JK, , places. (TA.) vith anklet]. the a .. [or pith because the first was found to be difficult of AJ3.M" m ai made thereof. or (8, V,) AJ3.A& (V) Fulnes [or plumps], the utterance; (Fr, Yaqoob, 9;) and the first is the roundnen, do 1a. (TA.) 4. un. gave hi,na servant. (9,'] , TA. He roundness, (JK,) of the shank, (JK, IC,) or of ,9,-, thong, a only proper subst. of the measure JkL.; other the l the shanks and fore arms. (e.) [All are properlv .".*tmk.L4 in the [.,Mttb twoC]l is erroneously put for words of that measure being epithets; (8b;) in£ inf ns.: see L] &t*At I gave her a female And A closet,or smaU chamber, in wthich a thing is made in 0,0, ervant. Er-R~wendee aservant. U~ a [q. v.]. (JK, I.). -Also UJ~ fem. of J not.(Msab.) - El-.Ku kept, or perved; (MSb;) i. q. Z;js.; (Fr, A A grape that is small and worthlss by reason of eerts & A.UJ, peculiarly; erts that one says, Ya4oob, l, g ;) by which is meant a small blight, or the like, and want of moisture. (AiUt, 'I blight, [I made him a wervant to myself;] but Ibnchamber within a large chamber: (TA:) from k1, TA.) -And The stem of ' the tree calld kbi-i-gadeed k.,OTA.)-And Abi-l-lIadeed says, This is of the thiings that I .0l meaning "he hid it," or "concealed it :" .,oG, l,). which is a sort of bitter tree; know not. (TA.) [See ai..l.] .,oG, (M,K (Mb :) and [in like manner] tIc>. signifies follows, (TA;) . (M,V.0 (TA ;) aalo 8. ;) au one 8... - He served himself; (Lb, :) Er-RAghib a chamber within a chamber: 0,6,0 must 4J.1 (L.)~ has not a servant. .1 mustdo who aj~ precedes. see what next aJ: says, as though its builder made it a deceiver of IIHe He See also what (TA.) him a servant. Hle made reach, 4.,, him who might seek, or desire, to take, or next next places. follows, in two next a thing in it. (TA.) Boox I.]


~.. ,:

see the next preceding paragraph. e t.., in two places.

see J,M.. }>:sce



vant; vant vant;

He asked him to give him a ser*..J.*.-I And (V, TA.) as also t .. l. Ni.l I asked him to serve me; (Msb, TA;) 1 '. l

are syn. [as signifying and Deceived, deluded, beguiled, circumvented, outwitted, or the like: or rather, the latter signifies much deceived, &c.]. (TA.)-.And [hence] tthe latter, A man (9, L) Deceived, deluded, beguiled,

cirummented, or outnwitted, (9, L, V,) in war, (9, L,) time after time, (7, L, J,) so that he has
become erperienced, (9,1,) or so that he has become skilful: (L:) or xperien~ced in affairs: (TA:) or experienced in affairs, sound in judgmnt, cunning and guileful: (lSh:) or characterized by deceit, delusion, guile, or circumvention, in mar. (AO.) ~Also the former, One vhose

[ein called the] C.&t is cut, or seered. (,


see aa'^

" : (TA:) [or I took him as my urvant:] or I made him to serwe me. (Msb.) urvant:] Aceord. Accord. one says, El-]utb Er-IPwendee, Accord. 8. a. Ji*. to 4.1 0s AZ..Zt Z.S'...- 1and ; [I took him as a .Nh mmanifor call rvantfor myself and for another than myself: M. Large, big, or bulky; (Mgh, Myb;) or I made him to be a servant to myselif and to CJJA. applied another than myself]. (TA.) applied to the shank, (Mgh,) or to a man: anotlwr (Mqb:) (Myb:) or large, or big, in the shank, with a ,aj,&: i: =and see also L..M., in ;.4L&: see ;II goodly fulnem therein; applied to a female: four places. places. (Lth, L:) or, with ;, applied to a woman, (S, IV, TA,) juicy, (TA,)faU in the fore arms and the TA,) , (JK,) A space, or iL, (Ii,) or #, period, (L ) of the night You say C$jUl eJ,w shanks. ($I, ,TA.) ZJK, K) or of the L. u anls; day: (K :) and i . [or ,, meaning Large, or big, in respect of the meaning q. v.,] is a dial. & var. thereof. (TA.) like like J~s. (Mgh, TA.) 01 & & a subst. signifying tThe characteristic 0, 1*.AA. '.~A
ec -4.N6 1.

m m as also

and -, (Lh, ,) L j.U, inf. n. a"Jl. [and app. 'aj.3 also], inf. inf. n. wh (h, Msb,) and o, (Lbl P ,) lle was, or became, large, and fuU [or plumnp], or, as some say and the n., the in. say, the latter is in the shank and fore arm. (TA.) ~And in like former former [though generally used as the inf. n.) is a simple subst., (TA,) He served him; did service simple She (a woman) oat, or became,full, or plump, for him; ministered to him; (PS,TA;) syn. ( [He served -i in the danks andfore arms.] And ",&., in£ n. And (TA.) And 4. (TA.) 1 -a;: LJIi. [and 3J ]; (JK;) or ;J.., [in£.n. for, for, meaning in return fur, the food of his belly]. (1 and A &c. in art. J,.) - One says j,.;] (XC;).said of the shank (jt,t, JK, 0), belly]. o', shirt will 1f , o t[This It was, or became, round: (JK:) or full [or also, ; . s * ..'.' serve, or last, a year]. and p,,P]. (g.) serve, not serve, riU that garment, orflimsy, thin, th rA Full [or plump]: and large, big, or LrA or last, long; or that trill *ot be rceable]. bulky: (!g:) or large, and full [or plump], in or (TA.) the shank andfore arm or, as some say, large, (TA.)




(, Mb,t)

denoted by the epithet t&. [fern. of .. in ;.], a sheep or goat; (J K, K, TA;) i. e. whitene~ in tite the lonwer end of the shanl,(JK, ]K,) upon blacknes; Q(;) , (JK, (. ;) such whiteness resembling the l.. TA,) or being likened to .,, or anklets: (TA:) or blackness upon whiteneus: &c. (Y.) [See a ,A.MLI: .>Jl: and see also aL..] , accord. to some, an inf. n. of 1: accord. to others, a simple subst. [signifying Service]. (TA.) - [Also Pay for service: but in this 0' - ' Bense sense probab.ly post-classical.] 1 See also A0M~.


big, or bulky. TA.) You say LJ. 15.and YL.js (g,TA, [in the CV, by an omission,
the latter is made to be IJi,]) A woman thick

and round in the shanhk pl. J.ls.: [in the CG, h in the erroneously, Ji,1i:] or full of

A thong, (JK, 8, V,) plaited, (TA,) thick and strong, like a ring, (JK, g,) which is fastened upon the pastern of a camel, (JK, 9, ],) and to rehich is attachedthe a _,. [or thong] of 2. L..~s. "`;A l ~.. He occupied, or busied, him the J [or lcathern shoe with which thb foot is a lIe gave her sometimes protected], (8,) or to which are attachedl t with service. (TA.) the 1S. [or thongs] of the )a;: (u :) [it is the several, several, or many, fenale serants. (Mob.) ; as u1 below: andits pl. is [..,JIl z 1Ie HIe attached a J , meaning the n. un. of !;.: camel. of the pastern the upon caUed, thus thong in the TA, said to be tropical; but this is prothong 1


9bably a mistake: the other significations bere but the latter rare, (Mgsb,) to a young woman, &ojA" A as a subst.: see .. ua; tfollowing are all tropical:] accord. to AA, [the (, Mghl, M MRb,) or a female: also the fem. (IC:) and ;l.. 1 ji. · (Ti.) - Hence,($,) :i.q. j -

[Boo& I. of which it is

· ] .l,e . signifies shackleks, or hobbles; syn. [q. v.] is also used in the same sense ass;t.: .;i.W" J.*I,.W [lit. Serod: . and hence, A master;] [mcan- ' (TA:) the pl. of;,l. is tJ., (JK, 8, Mgh, a head, or chief: pl. ing An anklet]; (JK, ., Mghl, ]g;) because ",.. (TA.) - And A sometimes made of thongs, with gold and silver Mshb, K,) or rather this is a quasi-pl. n., (TA,) man having a srvant of the jinn, or genii. and .l!. (JK, Msb, 0) and , and vulgarly (.) (8, affixed thereon: (.:) pl. ... , ($,) and


(TA.) It is said in a trad., of 'Abd-Er[a.. -,t The The state, or condition, of a muuter: is a prov. [meaning tLike her wrho has Rahman, (TA,) .i- ... ~ j5 l .. , opposed to ZLe..] been dowered with one of her two anklets]. (JK, meaning [He dirorcedhis 7ijfe, and gave her on TA. [See also °j,~.])- [And hence, tA ringq that occasion] a blach young woman [as a slave]. J of white a little above the hoof of a horse &c.] (MgNh,TA.) In the saying IQ%a't. J Wj*,the 3. aJ.~, ( , 1,) inf. n. ~;,, (Mgh, TA,) You say of a horse, JSt .. O .- i, mean- word lo.t. is not properly an epithet: the mean[orfriend; or his ing tHe has a rhitenems [or rather a ring oj ing is, Siuch a nwontan vill be a servant to-norrow; He was, or became, his C. 3ecrel, secret, or private,friend; &e.]: (JK, 8, IC, TA:) white a little above the hoof] in his fore leg [or like as olne says 1,X i.l_.. (Msb.) lid he associated, or kept company, wvith him as a qight fore leg] and anotier in his left fore leg [&t4?I. Serritude; or the state, or condition, of fIriepad: friend: (Mgh:) or [simply] he associated, or [probably a mistake of a copyist for his lft hind le]. (TA in art. ,.A&..) [The coil. gen. n. a servant: a term in common use; and mentioned kept comp)any, with him. (TA.) - _i t also tfoi is used in the Deewhn of the Hudhalees, by Frevtag on the authority of Meyd.: opposed signifies The contracting of the eye (Mgh, JM, TA) in holding amatory and enticing talk, or as stated by Freytag, in the sense of t A place to le ] conversation, with another, the latter doing the where the colour di.jers, like an anklet, on the .L.1 i. q. t._ , ($, Mgh, i1,) as meaning, mme. sme. (Mgh, JM.) The saying of certain of foot: and a whiteness on the foot of a bull, tsurapplied to a horse, : lraving a lhitenesx (S, the lawyers, (JM,) dUWl ..,dr, L ;i j rounding it libe a circle: and 1.,l.as meaning (S) surroundingy ,~k whiteneu: or, as some say, streaks ("strim"). Mgh11) such as is termed ._. CS-.U , i mea'ns means Tle testimony, of tAe singer who has made singing to be his habihtial See also ,,. ] - [Hence, also,] tThe place the pastern of each hind foot, (S, Mgh,) above si.nqcr occupation, or means of subsistece, and thereby where each foot comes forth from the trouMrs. the parts next the hoof, and stopping short of the Occupation, (TA.)-_Also tThe shanh; (g ;) because it is shank; (8;) but tot in theforefoot: (S, Mgh: associtiles associates as a C>;. with people, and collects [see 2:]) or, so appllied, wrhose je.M encircles them to 1dim, is not the place of the aj., alorwable. (Mgh, JM.) i. e. the anklet: (TA:) pl.l,.. ; and [coll gen n.] t;l. (..) Hence, [the pa.tern] above thc .lA [or extremities next iS. ($, Mgh, Mob, 1C, &c.) and 't (., the hoof]: or the latter epithet, so applied, rrltoe in a trad. of Selm6n, k IL. s A K) friend: (S, TA:) or a secret, or pnivate, rlhiteness passes beyond the pasternsorpart thereoj Aol;, ,1, *. M; [lIe ras upon an as, and upon J;;iend; afriend in sec,erCy or privacy : (Mgh, J;.iend; [fem. of I,] applied to a Mob, and Kshl and Bd in iv. 29:) or a companion, him wrer trousers,and his xhanks were danglinpg]: (1K.) And ;,, or, as some say, the meaning here is, the parts slceep or goat, (J K, 8, KX,) i. e. to a ;l, (S, K,) or or an associate, who converses, or talks, with one: f,om twhich his tewofeet came forth, of the trou- tllavinng in the lowtetr end of her shank a wchitenes (AI, (M, TA:) or [simply] a companion, or an assoredle: (.:) but accord. to Er-Righib, mostly [or anklet], (JK,) ulon diale: sers. (TA.) And one says, C .4'JI z,.Nl (JK, 1.) like the a blachnesJ; or a blackness upon nhiteness; and in used as meaning an amorous companion or auo'S. "1. .1 ., Z[The n,ar made aplparent the like manner applied to a mountain-goat: (K:) rtate; ciate; a companion, or an asociate, affected tsanks, or the anklets, tif the gi.ls that had been or havingq *chite shanklr; (AZ, S, K];) like with nwith sen.ual apl,ptency: (TA:) the former is kept behind the curtains]; nimeaing the war became reheamenet. (A, TA.) _ Also t A rintg of · .. /a; [but see this latter word;] and so applied alike to the male and theJfinale: (Ksh applied to a mountain-goat: (S:) or and Bd in v. 7:) and tihe latter signifies also people; (Q, . ;) a compact rig thiereof: likened .t.. one nwho is thy frind, &rc, (Wn, ;, and d,) to the thong described in the first sentence of this having one tvhite shank; the rest of her being on# who paragraph. (TA.) Hence the saying of Khdlit blach. (C.) who is with thee, (TA,) in every aJai/r, or case, open and secret: (J:) pl/(of the former, ., Ibn-EI-Weleed, in a letter that lihe wrote to the [pass. part. n. of 2, q. v.]. You say i; 9 Mgh, Msb) ol,.ki (S, Mgh, M.sb, TA) and [of Satraps of Persia, (TA,) m t. l ;D_lJ O~ tr'~ A people, or party, having many ser, meaDing [Praisebe to God,]'hto hath vants and otaer deLendents. (S, P.) And in like the latter] liTj. (TA.) Hence, .l.JI l. disperud, or broken up, your cong,egation: (S,* manner [The friend, &c., of the iri]: ($ :) or he rwho ".aiis aelplied to a woman. (A, TA.) Ki,* TA:) for when the thong above mentioned converm, convewr, or talks, with the girl. (JK.) It is And *i. : A woman attired, or adorned, is broken, or parted, the .l, [or thongs of the said in the Kur [iv. 2!)], ,j.i. .$ l' ij 9j, (8,) wnith anklets. (A, TA.) - See also j~, in leathern shoe] become loosd, and the shoe falls meaning [Nor taking to tlemsteles] friends [or And ;,* and t" (L , K) assoriates] off: so says lAthi, and A'Obeyd says the like. two places. assoiates] to commit fornicatioms with them iu The place of the thong [called d,>.] (], TA) secret. (TA.) secret. (Jel.) Oj.l t. .i is a metuphorical in the leg of the camel: (TA: [there said to be expression, used by a poet, [meaning t Lover of A thoang: (1i:) or a plaitedl thong. above the ,.; but this is a mistake:]) and oniinence,] (TA.) (TA.) t the place if the anliet [so called] (1, TA) in eniinence,] like 1 JI c'. the dhank of a o,man: (TA:) the place of the .tJm: see wihat next follows. Zj& One w:ho asociates with men as their a *1l. in the thank : (s :) the place of the ;.. ; C>mL i>S [orfriendl, or secret friend, &c.,] (e.jbi4 .;l.1& One who does much service; (TA in thc like as j is the place of the 1j.. (M in expresent art.;) as also t L. (TA in art.., tl) inuelt. euch. s, i-.) ) planation of the former, in art. j.) - And the And also applied to A ,.tl. [q. v.]. (TA in the sm see M, former : The band of the trousers, (JK, .K,TA,) in three places. present art. [It is commonly used in the latter at the lo,0er part of the leg of a wooman: (1, J O sO1 lr/aving ,!1.a1 sense in the present day: inm. with e.]) [or Jriends, or secetl TA:) or the band at the lower part of the leg of friendir, friends, &c.]. (TA.) the trousers: (M, TA:) the woman seems to be .I i. A oeroant; (,,*Mgh,* Msb,* K,0 TA;) applied to a young maia, (Q, Mgh, Mib,) or a specified in the K because women generally tie tie legs of the trousers upon the middle [or upper · ale: (I :) and, (., Mgh, M.b, .Z,) as also part] of the slhank, and then make them to fall Q. 1. . , (,) inf. n,J n. a., (TA,) He !.iz, (M.b, J~,) each in chaste Arabic, (TA,) down over it. (TA.) hastet:ed, liasto..ed, sped, or went tquickly. (K.) And

gen. n.] t

. (sam p 612. j





Boat I.]

Doox. -


713 thing into which stone4 are put, and with which they are thrown at birds 'c., likb a. . (ISd.) [In the TA in art. :., it is mid (in my opinion erroneously) to signify a bullet.] See also

(.) i

said of a [wild] she-ass, Site hastened, 3 ji.:d j'. ~ A man of good naturaldisposised,. or wsnt quickly, and threw out her legs. tion. (TA.) (TA.) And, said of camels, They threw the pebble with their feet by reason of quickness.

,~ . He cut o.ffhi (a man's) extremi-

ties with a sword. (]I.) lie sharpened it; 1. JIL, (Mgh, M.b,) aor. , (8, Mgh, Msb,) namely, a sword. (1.)_ He filled it; namely, inf n. Jj., (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) trans. without a a vemeL (Ibn-'Abbid, JI.) particle, (Msb,) and by means of , (8,) He threw a pebble, (8, Mgh, M,,) Myb, or a dateQ. 2. Jj;W.3 It (a garmnnent, or piece of cloth,) stone, (Mgh, ],) or the like, (Mgh, Mqb,l ,) became rent, or pierced with holes. (TA.)wvith the fingers; (8;) or by taking it betwren LS 1! J.i .3 [The place which was the object his two fore fingers; (Mgh, K ;) or with the exof ajourney] caused him to goforth, or depart; tremity'qf the thumb and that of the fore finger, (L, g, TA;) as also 2jd. .3. (TA.) (Mgh, Mqb,) by putting the extremity of the tiJ.l inf. n. of Q. 1. Also Rounduss of thumb upon that of tnhe fore finger [and then jerking the latter forward]; (Mgh ;) or with a the legs of an animal, or quadruped. (TA.).;i... of wood. (Lth, K~.) The doing this was And A piece of a garment or cloth. (TA.) forbidden by Mohammad, because game cannot 31;,I A certain plant of the spring, which be taken thereby, nor an enemy defeated, but a dri es p Ahen it feels the [heat of] nummer: tooth may be broken, and an eye put out. (TA.) (Lth, ] :) or a species of the [kind called] al-, J'..1lt t. [properly] Pebbles that are throwtu (AJIn, S, K,) having a mnll leaf, and rising to [in thue manner described above], (Msb,) is used the height of a cubit: (AIin :) the latter is said as meaning t nnall pebbles. (Mqb, TA.) by Az to be the correct explanation: the former [Hence,] . sjj.i He emitted his urine and then stopped it. (TA.)- And i'I J.I. The .id [(A hind of rhirling plaything;] a emitting of the spe;na genitale into the midst of thing which a boy turns round l,y tean.s of a the womb. (TA.) - And t j.i, aor. and thread, or string, in his ltands, causing it to mnke inf. n. as above, t lie broltke wvind wvith a sound. a sound such as is termed .p;:(S, :) or a (TA.)- And J.1JI The uhastening, speeding, smnall piece of wood, or a slit, or split, reed or cane, in the niddle of which is cut a notch, and or going quickly, of camels. (TA. [See also which is then tied writh a thread, or string, wtvich v.iJ.])_ And The act of cutting, or cutting being pulled, it turns ronnd, and is heard to make ,,: (Kr, TA.) a sound such as is terned _ic. : boys play with 6. [l.~1i~ app. signifies They vied with each it; and it is also called 3k.: (Lth, TA: [in the latter of whiiclh, in art. j., tihe ;f,t is said to be a piece of wood like the luf o l'a sandal, tied with a thread or string, which, beiig put in motion, draws along tuhe piece of wood and causes it to mane a sountd:]) or a .mall, round, 7p;ec of shin, attactJed to nhich arce tnwo connected threads or strings, whic h being pulled by a boy, with his fingers, it turns ro(und, cauMsiny a sound to be hearl such as is termted kI.: (EM p. 43:) pl. other in throoing in the mnanner described in the frst sentence above. - And hence,] tsit l.3 . ?,t i. q. 1,1 [app. a mistranscription for ,U~.l, i. e. lis (TA.) eyes shed tears]: so in the A.

1. ij.I, ($, Myb, ,) and
1) and



,, (Mb,
.. is a

K,) aor. ', (JK, Myb,) inc n. .ŽJ&. (JK, 8,


(JK, MYb,*,) or V

simple subst.; (Mqb;) and ZJ.I; (TA;j He abstained from, or neglected, aiding him, or auistinghim; (JK,' 8, Myb, 1 ;) and held back from him: (Mb:) and ~i. he left, forsook, or delsrted, him: (MA:) and, accord. to AZ, ,. Ji-, aor. ', inf. n. J3., he lft him, and held back from going with him. (T in art. j.) And t V,j&. signifies God's failing to preserv a man; aecord. to As, from an evil action; so that he falls into it. (TA.) It is said in the Jlur

[iii 154],

eSsl 1)S

X ' j

he disapproves: (TA:) n. un. with ;. (S.)

J. A certain pace, or mnanner of going, of camels. ('Eyn, T, 1K. [See also 1, last sentence but oine.])

.J A horse or the like (Lth) quick in pace. ~L.jI,z.. (8.) Imra-el-leys likens to it a swift (Lth, K.) - A she-ass that throwvs the pebbles by lhorse: ( :) and it is applied as an epithet to a horse; (Lth ;) meaning S,ni;ft in his running,

(Lth, , TA,) or in going. (TA.) And one
says, J swordes the #J. ,Ul, ol J. 'l ,~.h:j3, meaning t The ;ade this head to be Ideces, each piece lihe . (S, J.) Clay kneaded, and made

lie su,ar, ( 2JI


i.?, in the C


gJi ; [the latter readillg evidently wrong, and the former I think doubtful,]) with rwhichZ boys

play. (].)- The piece of wood that i p1ut
(app. as a handle] in the hole of the ulper ' millstone. (TA.) -A herd of camels: and one separate therefrom. (1.) .Lightninggleaming, or shining brightly, in the clouds, and seplarate tihrfrom. (.) - Anything scatteredfriom, or of, a thing. (L, 0, .) The j. 1 . of the j are Ts piecasofwood (JtIu ) wit/h which


is made of a ~,are form
Bki I.

(J.) [See

reason of her quickness: (8, :) or whose navel is near to the ground by reason of her fatness: 0. a i. (1.K :) or so fat that, if a pebble is thrown at her a ...... . . . .. with the fingers, or tvith ttwofore fingers, or with $ o> !9i &c JA the extremity of titse thumb and that of the fore finger, it sinks into her fat: (Z:) and that meaning [And he is, or was, liltke the btucket in raise.s her legs to the side of her belly: (TA:) the hand of the drawer of water,] of which the pl. J . (As,TA.) cron pieces of wood have become separatedfrom iUJI,.JI t The anus; syn. -~'91; (TA;) as it [so that it has become severed from the wellrope]. (s.) also VJi .JI. (K.) 2. J., inf. n. j lie 1, incited him, or 1.3 .i-.. The loops of the elp [q. v.] with induced him, to abstainfrom, or to neglect, aiding nwhich the [quirer termed] ai is connected with him, or assisting himn; and hindered hi,m, withthe [case termed] (Ibn-'Abbid, ]K:) pl. held him, or prevented him,from aiding his com,J - . (Ibn-'Abbad.) panion, or asuisting him. (T, TA.) And Jl. ;:i..*A kind of sling; syn. , : ( g :) ae..1 ~, inf. n. as above, He incited, or induced, his companions to abstain from, or to or a thing with which one thronws: (S:) or it neglect, aiding him, or assisting him. (f.) - He signifies also a wooden instrument with which one induced him to be cowardly and neah-hearted, throws in the manner tonmed J.L.: (s :) or a and to abstainfromfighting. (Myb.) 90

[But if He fail to aid you, or to proserre you, then whlo is he that mill aid you *after Him?]: here 'Obeyd Ibn-'Omeyr read y.; ., with 4amm to the U and kesr to the ). (TA.) -And J~. He (a gazelle) held back from going with the herd; or remained behind the herd. (Ay, g.) And Sh1e (a gazelle, &c., K~, as, for instance, a [wild] cow, TA) held back from going with her female companionsu, and nmained alone: or held back, or remained behind, not orertaking [the others]: ( :) or you say, of a female gazelle, and of a [wild] cow, 'b;1.l j :., She holds back from going with her female companions, or remains behind them, with her young one, in the place of pasturage: or remains alone wvith him; as A 'Obeyd ays, on the authority of Ay. (T, TA.) And J. She (a wild animal, S, O, or a gazelle, I) remained attending to her young one [when the rest of the hlerd liad gone]; (S, O, ] ;) said by some to be inverted [as to the meaning], because she is [not the one that leaves, but] the one that is left; (.;) as also tf JW.l.3 (, , I,) and tV J.I. (K.) -_A poet says, (namely, 'Adee Ibn-Zeyd, TA,) describing a horse,


714 4: see 1, in three places. - Also JJk1, (K,) atl or &al JJ,l, (T, TA,) said of the young one of a wild animal, (Vi,) or of the young one of a .l gazelle or [wild] cow, (T,) means dJi.1 (., TA) [which may be rendered He found his mother to hold back from him; or to leave him, and hold bakfrom going n'ith him: or it means] hefound his mother to hold backhfrom going with he.f emale companions, or to remain behind them, with Aim; or to remain alone with him. (T.) 6. 13),bJ They abstainedfrom, or neglected, aiding, or assisting, one another: (S:) i. q. 1 !,3J [which has the foregoing signification accord. to the TA, but properly means they turned their backs, one upon another]: (J:) they left, forsook, or deserted, one another in trouble. (MA.) [And, accord. to Freytag's Lex., They JhiJ.3 flcd from fight, or battle.] _ , j (said of an old man, TA) His legs became weah (1, 1g, TA) in consequnce of some evil a.fection. (TA.)_.And Jlt..j He was, or became, behind. (KL.)_.See also 1. 7. [Il.:Jl, accord. to Freytag's Lex., TtheJ were destitute of aid, or assistance: they Jled.]

J.ki. -[OK

[BOOx I.

nwholly, old and nworn out. (TA.) [And in like 1manner, accord. to Freytag (who does not name (JK, his authority), *t.j.i , applied to a scabbard of a 1. s;, (S, K,) aor.;, (K,) inf. n. ., S, TA,) He cut it, or cut it off: (S, :) or he did sword, Laceratedand worn by use.] -t Quick, .,Li. and or swift of pace, applied to a horse; (JK, . ;) so quickly: (JK, Z, TA:) and Vt,;. signify the same: (K :) or tthe second, and so t.j, applied to an ostrich. (8.)_ , he A.j cut it in pieces; (., in which [And hence.] t A man (JK, S) liberal, or bountiinf. n. only the inf. n. is mentioned ;) and so the third. ful, (S,K ,) in giving; (S;) pleased, content, Hence, in a trad., or willing, (JK, g1, TA,) to be liberal or bountiI...] (TA.) [It is like J.'yJtt 19y,Mj, said of men stopping the road, ful; plenteous in gifts: (TA:) pl. ,Lrn.: and robbing and slaying passengers, They cut, (JK, 1 :) it has no broken pl. (TA.) and smote, men with the swortds. (TA.) And j.* M He cut off for him a Xr. jC ~ .,. portion of his property. (JK.) - Also, said of a hawk, He struck him, or it, with his talon, or or. :, (g,) inf. n. clam. (IA r, K.) nj, .,Js., (TIB, [as indicated in the .K by its being It became cut, said that the verb is like ,])

;1 ' A snatching away; a snatch: and a stroke, or blonw. (TA.)_A certain mark (i.) of camels: (JK, :) an Islamee term: (V:) a certain mark of sheep or goats, (JK,T, TA,) being a slit across the ear, (T, TA,) which leares tke ear dried up. (JK, T, TA. [See L.i;.]) q. v.,] A space, or period, - Also, [or aj., (V :) [or] the latter syn. ai&s, (K,) [of the night, or of the day:] or cut off; as also ?.ia3: is quasi-pass. of ,Aj. [and therefore signifies it and ia . [or 'i..&] is a dial. var. thereof. (TA.) became cut in pieces]. (TA.) And ;)j1 ,/J The [thong called] ~ [q. v.] of the sandalbeLls. [like L.] A piece cut off of a garJl.i..]) A portion cut (JK. [See also ment. , , aor. (TA.) ljn came cut, or severed. off from property. (JK.) A portion of the aJL. A man constantly abstainingfrom, or (1,) inf. n. .i. (~, TA) [and app. Oit.J, q. v. night. (JK. [See also L..M.]) A company uglhcting, the rendering of aid, or assistance. infrM]; or._.M, [so in the JK, which may be of men. (JK. [But perhaps this may be a mis(IA§r, $, ]K. [In the X(, this is not distinguished also correct, agreeably with the primary signi- take for J...]) from J31. in the first of the senses assigned to fication of this verb, though the aor. is there said to be:, which may perhaps be a mistranscription L..M A sheep or goat, ( , JK, 1,) or a this latter below. See also jj,o n.]) for -,1 inf. n. -. a [there mentioned in two places] she-goat, (S,) having the mark in the ear termed s: ee 1, in two places. and ... ; (JK;) ! He was quick (JK, 8, 1i, a*..; (JK;) [i. e.] having the ear slit acros, TA) in pace, or rate of going; (JK, 8,.TA ;) as without its being separated: (S, k:) or a ewe JjJb One who often abstains from, or ne(JK. [But this last may be erro- having the extremity of her ear cut off. (T,TA.) also .. j. glets, ekArendering of aid, or auistance: so in ., there neously taken from the phrase tC.1 ~,L.Ji [app. an inf. n. of. .s] Quicknou of the Sur xxv. 31, applied to the Devil; (TA;) because he forsakes the unbeliever, and declares immediately following; for this phrase may be pace, or of rate of going. (TA.) .., which I find in the himself to be clear of him, on the occasion of mistranscribed for e , in three places. : s. see TA.]) - [And hence,] .,,j signifies also t [The trial, or affliction. (Jel.)- See also J~l.._ Ablso A mare that, when suffering from thle pain being liberal, or bountiful; (see the part. n. j, i,1 An ear cut, or tcut off: ( :) pl. of parturition,moves not from her placte. (ISd, .J.. ;) or] the giving a gift, or making a present. (TA.) .. J! .. A man whose leg aids hiln (KL.) ]*)_ J.. a.14J. A piece cut off. (JK, K. [See also not, in consequence of nweahness, (S,0 TA,) or of 2: see 1, first sentence, in two places. some evil affection, or of intoxication. (TA.) .lt .J.l lie 4: see 1, in the latter part. = Jit.t Abstaining from, or neglecting, the ren- repaired the [thong called] t. in two places. .. .. o: see ;., of the sandal. dering of aid, or assistance. (S, K.) - And Any (AA, TA.) [Here, as in many other instances, one leaving, forsaking, or deserting. (TA.)_JI,. the I has a privative effect: see j)l Also, and VJj.., (T, K,) A female gazelle, and L (, A, g,) aor., (s, M, K) and (M, a [wild] cow, holding back from going wi,h her above.] 5, as an intrans. v.: see 1, near the middle of 1X,) [the latter of which is anomalous,] inf. a. female companions, or remaining behind them, writh her young one, in the place of pasturage: or the paragraph: as a trans. v.: see 1, first sen- 4 ., (S, A, Msb, K,) It (water) sounded; [i. e., remaining alone with him: (T:) or a female tence, in two places. murmured; rumbled; or gurgled;] ($, A, Myb, gazelle, &c., (]g,) as, for instance, a [wild] cow, (TA:) 1 ;) as also tji-.-i, (A,) inf. n. .i: , [accord. to some, seems to signify 8. ;:I (TA,) holding back from going with her female companions, and remaining alone: or holding The cutting off a thling for oneself:] accord. to or _, aor. , (IA.ar, T,) inf. n. s., (IAr,) it bach, or remaining beh;bid, not overtaking [the some, l 4v. [as meaning the being pleased, (water) ran vehemnently [so as to make a noise: as used in the present day, it ran, flowed, or others]: (sg:) or the latter si..rnifies a female content, or williWng: see .I.]. (Hamp. 703, trickled dovwn; and leaked, or oozed, out: and gazelle that has left, forsaken, 'or deserted, her q. v.) also it ran so as to make a murmuring, or similar, the former, young ones. (EM p. G0.) -And A female gazelle remainingattending to her yonng ;.kj A cutting, or sharp, sword; (1 ;) as sound]: (IAar,T :) and . it was made to run: Also also t.,j.d (JK, K.) and t.;; (IK. [See1.]) one; as also tJ.. (JK, T,S, (TA: but the subject of this verb is not men(A, g,) nor. and-', Routed, defeated, or put toflight. (IAr, 1.) ISd,TA;) the last erroneously said in the K to be tioned.) And ~, It (the wind, .JI) sounded; [i. e., . (TA.) One of the swords of Mo- inf. n. like;° see the next preceding paragraph. ac it was formerly murmured; rumbled; or rustled;] (A, 1;) hammad was named V.,1: (A,) among reeds or canes; as also 1,,. Having no aider, or assister. (Jcl in the sword of El-Hirith El.-Gbassinee. (TA.)J" the latter signifies (TA:) or n. as above: inf. xvii. 23.) A garment, or piece of cloth, altogether, or

Boox I]
it made a quick ,.Z [or rustling] among reeds Z.5y [properly] signifying ,Jil,. (TA in the or coanes or the like. (Lth.) Also It (an eagle, present art. and in art. w1.) ,,d;) made a rwtling (Je.) rvith its wings, 4. ;.Z s&.l ie made his arm, or hand, tofaU, by a stroke of the sword. (Yahoob, ., 1I.) in flying. (Lth, 15.) And &, (S,) inf. n. ~,


Myb, 1;) as also 't 1,: (M,b, TA:) and sometimes applied to the dung of the dog, and of the field-rat, and of the ant, and of the fly: (TA:) pl. ,i, (S, Mgh, M ] 9 b, .) which is also a p1. of ,pi., (Myb, TA,) and A,i., (s,) which is (1,) lle (a man sleeping) snored, or made a 7. ;l le, (a man, TK,) or it, (the belly, anomalous, and j~.; (TA;) and some say that sound in breathing; (S, ], TA;) as also . , TJ,) became lax, or flabby. (i, TIe.) [See fij, is a pl. of i. (Mhb, MF.) (S,) inf. n. .is.: (., :) and the latter, (TA,) also R. Q. 2.] inf. n. as above, (1K,) has the same signification R. Q. 1: see 1, in three places. see 1. when said of a leopard (K,*TA) in his sleep; R. Q. 2. .;L.3 It (a man's belly) quivered, (TA;) as also the former, inf. n. as above; (TA ;) and when said of a cat; (g,* TA ;) as or shook about, wvith bigness: ($, :) or by reason ofleanness. (TA.) [See also 7.] act. part. n. of 1. (TA.) also the former, (TA,) inf. n. j&. (so in the CI5 and in a MS. copy of the K1,but in the text ja and V3S. *iJ. A place nwhere exrement, or ordure, is ~ The E;J of a mill or mill-stone; of the 1fin the TA, - ,) and ji.; (TA;) i. e. the place ilnto nhich the nwheat is throrn voided; [a nirivy;] (S, ;) as also F (.,) ]p, [i. e. he made a loud purring in his sleep ;] and n,ith the hand; (S;) the mouth of a mill or mill- and V;'; (T, ., K, TA;) the last written in it is likewise significant of the sotlnd, or sounds, stone. (K.) some copies of the Kf .1d; and in one, lF. made by a person suffering strangplation. (S, j. ;S A she-cat that makes much loud (TA.) TA: but of the verb applied in this last manner, breathingor purring (20m) in her sleep. (TA.) only the inf. n., m.~, is mentioned.) And i., 6;~,;.: see what next precedes. aor. '-, It (a stone) made a sound in its descent. _o A depressed tract between two hills, (8, (TA.) - [Hence,] M*, aor.; ($, A, Msb, O1) g,) stretching along: ($:) pl. Ji.l. (., I.) and ', (1i,) the latter of which is anomalous, The pl. occurs in a verse of Lebeed, commencing 1. .~., (JK,$, A, Msb, &c.,) aor. :, (JK, (TA,) inf. n. ;,j.. ($, K) and jL, (1,) He, or aj*. ;'J3. , as Khalaf El-Ahmar heard the 1g,) inf. n. ,1,, (J K, . A, Mgh,* Mob, KL, it,fell, orfill downm: (., A, Msb, 15 :) originally, Arabs recitc it: so says A 'Obeyd: ( :) but the TA,) said of a place, (S,) or a country, (A, he, or it, fell, mahung a sound to be heard at the common rcading is s,, with C and j. (TA.) Mgh,') or a dwelling, or place of abode, (M 9 b,) same time: afterwards used in the sense offalling or a house, (T],) It was, or became, in a state absolutely: you say L i. .l The building fell .~.:see_,.. of ruin, waste, uninhabited,depopulated, daserted, desolate, uncultivated, or in a state the contrary down: (TA:) and i.~i. i b lie fell down ;Sl C.4 A sounding [i. e. murmuring or prostrating himsclf to God: (., A,* TA:) or gurgling] spring or source: (S:) or a running offlourishing: (JK, S, A,Mgh, KL,TA:) ,,4," . aor. , ^ signifies He, or it, fell from a high to a low spring or source: so called because of the ound is the contr. of j. (Mob,) inf. n. , ($, M,b, g,) It Aad in it place: (1, TA:) so in the Kur [xxii. 32], L,liZW of its water: (lAqr:) or a spring, or source, a slit, or a round perforation: (.8:) or hAe had his ;~jJ1 ~.. [lie is as though he fell from the welling forth abundantly. (Msb.) - See also ear slit, (Msb, K,) or bored with a round perfo'd .. sky]. (A,, TA.) And ,.i" lj, inf. n. ration. (Msb.) l, j.: see 4... Also, (Msb, [T7'eyfell donwn prostrate,trith their chins to the d.u. The sound of water: and of wind: and K,) aor. ', inf. n. ZAps., (Msb,) He stole: ground: see the .ur xvii. 108 and 109:] (A:) of an eagle making a rustling withI its wings in (Msb:) or he became a thief, or robber. (Q.) flying. (]K.) [See 1.] [whence the saving,] ; J I. ' a -And j ,l ,.~', (.8, A,) or ?* J$# .,,4k, jt&.& Water floming (K) vehemently, (TA,) 4OU; t [A Iind blem riolently, so that the trees (1R,) both mentioned as on the authority of Lbh, ,TA,) nor. , ($, A,) inf. n. i4j& (8, A, g) and fell, or bent themselces, down to the ground]. or copiously. (Ham p. 821.) 3ail,. and -,.A' and ~,~ (1g,) He stole the (A.) -You say also, ,_, (TA,) inf. n. _., jt1. part. n. of 1. (TA.) -;.. [is a pl. camels of such a one. (8, K.)-~., (14,) (i,) meaning t lie died: (K, TA:) because a thereof: antll signifies t Men coming from one man, whllen he tlies, fhlls down. (TA.) In the tonwn, or country, or the like, to another; as also aor. ', inf n. ,, (TA,) He bored it, perfoliur xxxiv. 1:3, it may mlean t lie died, or he ' elt: whlich latter signifies also t Men passing rated it, or made a hole through it: or he slit it: (1K, TA:) namely, a thing. (TA.). And He fell dorwn. (T1A.)_ Also (..~) lie stumbled along, or away, or by. (TA.) struck his 4j&., (15,) meaning the part hvAere after going ri;ht. (TA.) And otUi 3:_ the head of his thigh-bone nas inserted; or 4^ . His sins fell; [orfell f fiom him; q. d. fell to here has some other of the significations assigned the ground;] went awaoy; or departed. (TA, to it in this article. (TA.) from a trod.) - And .Jl , inf. n. 1. aor. , ($, Mgh, Msb, ],) inf.'n. a$.,, 2: see 4, in four places. ICe, (a man,) and it, (a stone, &c.,) rolled down e;l. (s, Mgh, 1K) and t V , (1',) which is 4..,(S, A, M.b, K,) inf. n. from the mountain. (TA.) _ And,1~91 the more chaste form, (O,) or this may be a n , (TA,) quasi-inf. n., (El-Khattabee, Myb,) and, accord. He reduced to ruin; or rendered waste, unin,s, I l ;l. or%.S The Arab, of the desert come dourn, or de.cend,from the deserts to some, * ,;j, (MF,) or this is a quasi-inf. n., habited, depopulated, deserted, desolate, uncul(Lth,* M!b, K, MF,) like .;Y for .. , or, as tivated, or in a state the contrary of flourishing; to the tonwns or rilluces. (A.) 'L.s ', _ And some say, a pl. of 1,., (Msb, MF,) and ... also (S, A, K ;) a house, (S, 1C,) or a dwelling, or place of abode, (Msb,) or a country; (A;) as (TA,) inf. n. , (1,) t They came upon us is an inf. n., (S, K,) and ',, (K,TA,) like suddenly, or unawares, from a place unknown. also t.,-, (A, Msb, 1K,) inf. n. ,j.3; (TA;) 331 i, (TA,) or o;3., (so in a MS. copy of the (1i,) [inf. n. as.', the gur asin (1,*TA.) And lji t They came from one K anid in the CK,) lie voided his excrement, or and '.js., town, or country, or the like, to anotheer. (TA.) ordure: (S, Mgh, Msb, K :) or ii. 108 :] or .,;m signifies the same, but in a B;If . signifies -And t They passed along, or anway, or by. more extensive, or a superlative or an intensive the retiring alone, and sitting down, to satisfy a 3 (TA.)- JQ - J .9), or' 4'. o. >, is 'nant [of nature]. (lAth.) sense: you say, ... ^j ,a ;[They ruined their houses; the j being doubled because the verb has a metonymical phrase, well known, meaning *.1: see what next follows. many oljects: or they demolished their houses]. 1:Mayest thou be confounded and stupified by harme; or, so as to be speechless aud motionless: tj _ wj , in the ]ur [lix. 2], .& Human excrement, or ordure: (.8, Mgh,* (., TA.).



716 means They demolishing their housas: this is the reading of AA: all others read ,e.3~ '.tIs -', meaning they going forth from their Aoues, and leaoing them; (TA;) or eacuatingtheir homes; or lawing tAem in a statse of ruin. (B!.) c. [De1l t .ij 3 ..~ [Henea the saying,] i positsentrustedto Aim become lost, or perih]. (A.) It (a building) became demolished. 5. ",&J (TA.) ! It (a skin for water or milk) be10. ,O came perforated mith many holes; becamesfuU of olokes. (A, TA.) - tHe became broken by mistI forhtem. (JK, V.) -, 't l: J amented for this ent, or cae. (JK.) ls p"i. l tHe was angry with him; or mm angry with him with the angsr that proceed·from namely, one who had j;.j) a friad; (d separated himnselffrom him: (JK:) or he yearned towards, longedfor, or desired, him. (J4.) *.4 [in the C], erroneously, Q. Q. 1. t (the canker-worm) corroded a tree: .I,] (lg, TA :) but accord. to some, this verb is [radically] quadriliteral, and as such it occure again (TA.) in the 1J [in art. s ee a, also . me -,^: see 1 ., in seven places. m Also The elevated accumulation of sand an where place Q," TA,) producing trees of tthe (JK, terminates, (TA.) kind called L'. .. The male of the [peci~of bustardcalled] ''Ia: (lE, 1:) or i. q. q;I., absolutely: And hence, (A,) or (.)-e. (TA:) pl. Ji. , (JK,) or t,jd, (TA,) and - (!,) t Cowardly; or a coward. (A,], TA.) See also ~.., near the end of the paragraph.
<d.. (1, TA) and V..!p- (A, Mqb) In a state of ruin, nwaste, uninhabited, de~populated, deserted, desolate, uncultivated, or in a state thie contrarty of flourishipng; (?, A, TA;) applied to a place, (s,) or a country, (A,) or a dwelling, or place of abode. (Mlb.) You say £J.. ,l A houe rwhic its owner has reduced to ruin, or rendered unin. l./ e Aabitd, &c. (f, TA.) [In the phrase, n..pb. ~,.h, meaning This is a deserted hole of a lisard of the kind caliled ,abb, the word ,,,& is put in the gen. case jl.Jl Lj, i. e. because of its proximity to a preceding word in that case, not being so properly.] - [Hence,] ! Jl ` ', t [He is without marrow in the bone]. (A, TA.)

[of mult.] of the former (in this and in other (Msb, ) senses here following, 1g,'TA) . and ,' , which latter is extr. [with respect to rule], and [of pauc.] J,.Il [which is irregular as pl. of the former, but regular as pl. of the lattcr]. [Hence,] a,s [j..]) (1]. [See also ,~ and .5 _.:JI The bore of the lobe of the ear, wrhen not iis: [the Sindee being particularly noted by the Arabs for his pierced ears:] when slit, it is termed 5.SJ ta.jd... (TA.) - ftidth of the hole, or perforation, of the ear; (JK;) as also f<^, (A,) and v~p, (I.,) this last (JK,) or t~,;4, The eye of a being a subst. like J1;. (TA.)_and kJs :] and the.foranen needle: [like t.. and t lp. and t,.. of the anus: as also t.L. and tf41 .; (K, MF;) in both of and '~1l. these senses, though this is not clearly shown in the 8: (MF:) and likewise, of the vagina; tie occurring in a trad., as some relate dual of *. it, applied to the fommen of the antius and that of the vagina together: (TA:) and the last, MtPL, also signifies any rerfo.ation licke the etje of a and t'4"5Jl needle. (1..). - t aJl and t, and ti4,JI Tthe hole [or socket] of the hip, (;, the ad of the thigh-bone is insmted; TA,) wherele as alsoJJjhl ao& and .i1 t43 . and t and .0jl t$i. [or, probably, Vhl,] .J:il 1 and ,Jlj t$1i: and the pl., and jJl '$1i. , also signifies the lowNer extremities of the ,t 1.Jt, (A'Obeyd, shoulder-blades. (TA.)-AAnd ao.., (A,) and , Mgh, M?b, -,) or j..l

[BooK I. (1( :) also explained u signifying a thing .,).: whereof one is ashamed: or a derived from and di[;r^, meaning] "contemptiblenes, meanmti., grace, or ignominy :" or it may be ing a single act [tf a shamefal nature, or the like]. (Et-Tirmidhee, TA.) .+: see bJ., in three places, near the end of the paragraph. - Also i.q. JJ (Baswen , vileness, c.]: (l, TA:) in one copy of the aj 3C, [a slip, lapse, fault, &c.]: (TA:) and dimgrace, or ignominy, and contemptibleness. (TA.) - And "..JIl signifies ij;11 [The part, or parts, of the person, cwhich it is indecent to expose]. (&) 4,. and its pie.: see .r , in five places.

e'. Ojlj.: see
inf. n. 4Lj.

in five places: - and see

of .' in the first of the senscs explained above. (JK, S, A, &c. [Sce 1, first [Then used as an ep,ithet:] see sentence.]) ^..- [And then used as an epithet in which , the quality of a subst. predominiates, as appears (JK, A, from what follows ;] contr. of ;!,: I :) and ' '& . signifies [the .same; or] ~lj~; (A, ~;) as also t*LA,: (Ltb,] :) [all may be rendered A ruin, or wraste; a place, coniatry, place of abode, or house, in a date oJf ruin, rwaste, uninhabited, delolpulated, deserted, desolate, unclticated, or in a state titse contrary isni.'I, (JK, of flourishin:] the pl. of K,) a pl. of paue., (JK,) and .. y, whlieh latter t3l~.Jl, and sometimes al.Jl ithout tesh is mentioned by El-Kbat.Abee, (.K,) as occurring in a trad. respecting the building of tile mosque also, (see e',)] deed,(TA,) [and perhaps *t.<Jl j i The loop of the [leathernrater-bagcalled] ;jlp; of El-Medeeneh: .,LZ% (A 'Obeyd; $, A, Mgh, Myb, K ;) because of its . jd.; [There were in it <#J~tA round form: every bl!j having two loops and the graves of theic believers in a palit.trees, [whereby it is suspended upon either side of the plurality of gods, and rins; and he gave orders eamel], each of which is thus called; and two respeeting the ruins, andi they were levelled]: but kidney-shaped pieces of leather (CXt.i) [at the j.4, may be pl. of ak., or of lAth says that two upper corners]; and the two loops are sewed [call. gen. n.] of t °ate,: or it may be t~.Lo A ,;ice, or to these. (TA. [Sec also a. ^.])J 1 fault; (lAth, TA;) as also t*4j.: (V,:) and t °a.: and accord. to one reading of the tradl., corruption, or unsoundness, in religion; (JK, the word is .!_~, meaning "a place ploughed [(like for sowing :" (TA:) [accord. to F,] the pl. of (JK, TA) and t I ;) as also ti;i. t is and the pl. of t ,aL n..: ()g) ' "2:, also, is and and



Mgh, 10)

And a;Sl3 safely reposd


in five places. JLp. i see a*, We have not seen in such a one unsoundness of reAnd see '.. (As, (As, , Mgh, ) and '.,, .,^3. ligion nor anything disgraceful. (JK, TA.) quadriliteral, radically Az as by mentioned ?, V,) ,k , %ee the next paragraph, in two places. a~', .i, occurring in a trad., means One vwio (Mgh, ,) and 1 (TA in art. J^,) -- See also w,e ith a thing desiring to appropriate it to but this last is of weak authority, (TA,) or not himself and to tahe possession of it unlanfully. allowable, (1,) a coll. gen. n.; n. un. with 5; ~. A hole, perforation,or bore; (M.b, TA;) (TA.) (TA;) A hind of tree, growing upon the mounirhether round or not: (TA:) or any round hole .1p&,in three places. ~Also The tains of Syria, having grains (# ) like those of f,~: tee or perforation or bore; (?, g, TA;) such as that (A:) pl. state, or condition, or giJe, of him who is termed the ,sre [q. v.], caUled by the children of El(Af: of the ear; (TA;) [and] so t I

[One in .homn trust is not t _ 4A. (JK,TA) and fL .,(TA,) or aki, (JK,) See also S (A, TA.)

and t,.,s.: and a quality inducing suspicion, or eil opinion: [a meaning app. belonging to all of the foregoing words:] (TA:) pl., of the first, (JK:) also, ; and of the second, .;tt: jj an evil, or bad, a the first (i. e. J4p), a crime: afoul, ord or saying: and a trial,or an affliction. (TA.) You say, at,.. & C Tiere is not in him >. L t a rce, or fault. (TA.) And Ci

[3t,s [which is [mentioned above] and . (1.) [Hence,] WJ3 anomalous] and l.A lj * [They feU into a valley of ; te f rums, or maste places, &c.]: (A, TA:) i. e., into destruction: (TA:) [a prov., of which there .] are various readings: see Atq., in art. . [Also inf. n. of ..4 as syn. with ,,, q. v.]

717 .rL - Z!p and dry, or tough, and black: signifies Holes like thoe of hornets' nests: 'Ireh 14 al 'i\, art. in ] rwax, with the holes, or cells, (prepared a certain plant, (f, (As, TA in art. .j:) honey. their deposit bees the ,) iin which yja. Mgh,) wel known: (?:) aid by some to be the (g, TA. [In the Cg, erroneously, "w3..)V [i. e. _L±.d.. kind of tree [or plant] called , Accord. to some, the m is a radical letter. (TA.) therc wvhich of trees, poppy]: (Mgh:) certain ) and Syrian ( are twoo kinds, wild (,
I foi ,)] in the formation of which Vzi,pd-p J, (see ';, th Le ; of the sing. seems to have been considered asI elided, also signifies The loops of a [leathern it is mid in wnter-bag ater-bag such as is called] ;;..: tbte he T that in the ;l$j. are its .1d1l, the loops rtmem rtween which is the ;.i; [commonly signifying zne, ane, or reed, but here app. mraning the mouth, ,hich thich has the form of a short cylinder, and is in ie middle of the upper part of the ;bj., between tihe he two loops, these being at the two upper tiic [app. referring to the ,. It] c orners], wvhereby ! t is carried [and suspended on the ride of a amel, counterpoised by another L;lp5 on the other side of the camel]: and AM adds that one illed]

(AIn, :) the former kind is also called 0-; (Agn;) and thi is thorny, (Agn, P,) wued as

fsel, rising to the height of a cubit, haring branche, (Agn,) with a fruit (A1ln, 1) black and light, like bubbles, (AHn, TA,) in the (,;) copies of the ] eAI b, but correctly tlJlb, (TA,) disagyrecable in taste, (AHn, V,) niot eaten xceept in cases of difficulty, or distress; haring are hard and lubricous: nhich wh) grainu ( (AJn:) the Syrian kind [is that to whirh tlhe

name of

carob, or locust-lree; ceratoniasiliqua; the fruit of which] is sweet, and is eaten; having grainx but lar!per; (4..) like those of the J the jIsz place. See lihe is kind this of (AHn;) the fruit 4 it and.fiom [ cania fistula], biut wide; tor : see what next follows, in two places. of] hiind [a are preparedan inspinatedjuice and 5Itsgrain .Z The perforation,bore, or hole, (S, A, K,) ..ip.c [or parched meal]. (Aljn,K.) and ,^? and of a needle; [i. e. its eye;] (S, A; [see also is used as a woight: see l a3ii ;] and of the ear, (S,) or in the ear, [but &c.; (A, K;) and of the ,,A, [i. e. Ji3,] see .Ail5: se ae^, in two places. hoe, or adz, or axe,] (S A, TA,) meaning, of the
341^: ace AU&, in four places.


is nonw commonly applied, thc

1. ;,s., (RP,) aor. ', inf. n. ;.S, (Tg,) lle prforated, bored, or pierced, (1,) the ear, (Tf,) [It or a thing. (TA.) And Q~i.i .ii perforated, or slit, (see the pass. part. n., below,) [or AU" 1 the nose of the camecl]: said of the 6 the of bone the in wooden thing that is inserted .ja. We knew camcl's nose]. (A.) =Wi1 the land and its roads. (KIs, g.) [Golius omits this; but mentions, as on the authority of IbnMaaroof, ;a , signifying He was skilful, or expert, in shoning the nway. What Ibn-Maaroof significs says, however, is that the inf. n. ;L with a and, tie being acquainteld vith a road;

ays [also]

4'5 sing. ;ljl ";' I,

[q. v.];

[" the bore of the i and in like manner, iy~l ["a ear"]; arI; with ,.: and sj;sal .*-.;i says, L ov oyv having his cars pierced, or bored"]: he 0, also, that the i, with ;j, is [the hole] in the a i of the j,o, and [the eye] of the needle; and tron he ;.i, with -,,, is in the skin: and AA says tj'.] hat ~. signifies the eye of the [kind of needle -. says , i.e. a.lled] i. the 2l.: (TA:) and Lth a round hole. (TA in art. ,.^.) it signifies 0 Cj6; 065IJI Tro stars, (,) of the stars of the Lt'on, Lion, two whips' lengths apart, [(see £bp.,) in] !he the two shordder-bladesof the Lion, (TA,) also L
tat hat called called j.1 '

the Elleenth j, (s,) [composing 0. Afansion of the MAoon: (see ;i: and see also handle thereof; (A, TA;) as also 6;; (Fr, TA ,Ifan3iin and Z5&. sig- ,M;11 .JI )j' , in art. Jj :)] the word is mentioned in art. j .;) [see angain i;> 8CC,A. ace ,j.>^ and )l ere here in the .K, as though it were of the measure pl. [of pauc.] nifics the same: (A,K:)l 1 A stcaler of canels: (/s,fi, A:) and ,"1i it is dual (8.) You say ,D .ai; but accord. to Kr and others, _ and [of malt.] (by extension of its original meaning, TA) any (, A) in which it is than the eye of li., belonging to art. , (TA:) ) ,tl .U1 X ,t .C [Narrower thief, or robber: (JK, :)dim. * :) accord. to (TA K:' the in mnentioned again 1b iLa* of the tneedle]. (A.) And JXPI Z! known, and is (JK.) form dual ,.iAI. or the only TA,) A, however, (@, 18d, ISd, $la_, pl. and [Narrow aposses lilke the eyes of needles]. (A.) ., [by whlich augmentative the and zo the radical .] [See also [also Pi. Oflatter is meant ;] are in the dual alike: (TA in 5&J, The ;s_ of a sandal is The hole, or perforation, [called art. thong the wUhich into v.], [q. the of' :) Zj asked Th respecting the XjI/d., see whiat next precedes. my in MS. Arabic and he answered, IAgr says that they are two the 6AR] enters. (An anon. per or hole round a having or [or Slit: <>5; stars, of those of the Lion; and Aboo-Nar, the posscssion.) - Also The rings at the heads the of companion of Ay, says that they are two stars in as in] '4&. CX extremities] of [cancls' plaitedfore-girths foration: (S:) [fem. 1 man (R) the ;tj of the Lion, i. e. in the midde thereof; An ear having the lobe slit. (K.) -A kind called] p_; and so [the pels.] they are two stars after [i. e. (S slit; ear his (S,) or a ram, (Msb,) hatving signifies one of but in my opinion (S, K:) and.# a;i, and l;: Zj and the ,.: the J of] M9 b,1;) us also t .. 'and " J ; (TA;: tiLese; (K;) i. e. tlhe ritg in which is [inserted to the eastrard they that say I replied, and this, of disapproved (TA.) [Hence the phrase,] signifying slit: (S:) and (so iin the end qf] the i. . e . from are tmo stars in thiat part of the breast which is hi having ") or " Msb thc in but the ? and TA, 1 S.k ZjA. jJ [lit. The rings of the fore-girtis ths stabbing-place, derived from ;!?t e* £5., "the ear pierced, or bored: when it is slit (after tii iof the camei of such a one became unsteady; the that this rejoined, Th but eye of the needle :" piercing, gl, TA), he is said to be ._1: (S, Msb meaning] th/e state of such a one becanme dual of the is word the because was an error, disordered, or perverted. (A, TA.) And similar TA: [but see this last in art. ,.wm.:]) and .,j a poet which in verses i1;.; and he cited some and 1;1; it;Z; 'AiJl ;I ;s , to this are the phrases, among e;'9l having the ears pierced, or bored: (AiM and, Lion, the in stars speaks of certain J .Zl;j, but the comand >Ij TA the [in slav .~,d.1, female re a .& and ; art. in TA (MF, TA.) the verbs should be them, of ;!1. having the lobe of her ear slit [or pierced, cir parison evidently shows that A (4Sh) they do not and ( A,. A, ],A,1) a female slave having he r >I and Qjl,,] said of a people vhen t bored]: and alights who him hospitably receive or entertain skilful, or an expert, g~ide of the way; (8h, S, ear [slit or] pierced, or bored: (TA:) and .i the on IApr says so place of abode: V;) 1V;) one who pursues the right 'cours to the a she-goat having her ear slit, but so that the sl it at their j;>. also (TA.)-See authority of Es-Saloolee. i,, i. . e. the obscure roads or ways, and the see is not long nor wide. ( -Also A smnall rib, at, or near, the breast; and ,narro passe, , of the doerts; or who puru~ the Iii. An empty bee-Aive, (1,)in whii so tZ _: (]:) pl. ;lw which Lth explains right course in a way that may be lihed to the 9 0 as meaning the ribs at, or near, the breast, col- -Z honey has not been colleted. (TA.) [or eye] of the needle: (TA:) or skilful; ,Z signi1 ;1 pl.] [the And applied to a man, and [particularly] to a guide: lectively. (TA.) m (with 3): see Dd i fem. an narrow the and ways, or roads fies The obscure (A:) pl. Zj;j!p, occurnag in a vers [perhape (A:) 1 (TA.) desert. a of passes, "j3j6" : see used by poetic licence for the regular pl. , jj.]. used


sing. of t

(TA,) which latt er

Mjd.: see


Its pl. .ll,

[also pl. of


1 - And m..j f. He made an agreement with Aim, s, +ilerebelled against the namely, his slave, that he (the latter) should pay . .. originally Perforated, bored, or pierced. him a certain impost at the expiration of everj Sulfin.] And ; . .[She I;. .1 ,? (TA.)_ Tlen, (TA,) Iaring the nose slit; month; (Mgh, L, TA;) the slave being left at becameformed lile the 'he-amel]; said of a she(1 ;) [and] so. '1 &'.., liberty to work: (L,TA:) in which case.the applied to a camel: t camel that is termed V a..r.(A, TA:) or :j (S,-A,.) And signifies halng 3 a slit lilp. slave is termed ;tI. .*. (Mgh, L, TA.) J.Ql Ji ,. t [He became foul, or obscene, in (8, g(.) I. WL, (8, Myb, g, &c.,) inf. n. [1 ;ll his language]. (L and g in art. and] l s) And JtJ , u Ae .y, inf. n. n., e ws, '~.Z, (.3, g,) He made, or caused, him, or it, to go, or became, conspicuous in science and art. (A, come, pass, or get, out, orforth; to issueY, emanate, ~,~ The utenuil and furniture of a house or proceed, or depart: [he put, cast, or thrust, him, f ., said of or tent: ($, Mgh, :) and the reftuse, or the wrorth- TA. [See also 5.]) _- t;; it, out, orforth; expelled, eetetd, or dislodged, fow, H,), good is its rst rising Aitn, or kle or mean or vik articles,tiereof; ($, A, Mgh ;) a cloud (;l it: he took, led, drew, or pulled, Aim, or thus accord. to the lawyers: (Mgh:) or badfur- from the horizon! (A.) [You say also, -, it, out, orforth: he gare it forth: he, or it, proniiture and utensils: (A:) or the tworst thereof, _.. .J1l, inf. n. , meanin-g t 7he clouds be- duced it:] as also , t .. [but it should be and of spoilb: (]s:) or [rubbish,] uch as aft.raqcane extended, or expanded: see ,..] And observed that this latter properly and generally ment of a bowml, and ashes, and [the dung that is denotes accompaniment, like ,,j ; and may termed] .at, of a house: (AZ, TA in art. .1:) bIee c. Tihe shy became cleat; after haing be literally rendered he went, came, passed, or been cloudy. (T, A.) [pl. s >.] You say, . .. s. They, got, out, orforth, with him, or it :] and C.lI, removed the nworthies articles of theirfurniture 2. ' ., inf. n. &, [sometimes resembles also, is syn. wnithk .. I; as in the saying, in a and uten.ils. (A.) - [Hencec,] in signification C_1:] see the inf. n. voce . r, . A. trad.,M C tj~. [And hle tookforth, .o.CJl I Suc/ a one hears languaqe in which is ,o [t Ile resolred, explained, or rendered, a say- or too forth fo,. aimself(accord. to a property of good. (A, TA.) And o.L p I jyi 1_. Ii. L ouJI ing. . 9 1 a t According to many .erbs of this form), some dates from a Ithis meaning &c. they hare resolved, explained, and Jl.;5i [Such a one cast .fordts the uniwater-sain]: (TA:) [so, too, is t*L-l..u; as profitable things of his tmintl snd ithe unl,'(!fitable or rendered, surh a saying, is a phrase of frequent meaning he took, led, drew, or pulled, out, or occurrence things of his speech]. (A, TA.) in thc larger lexicons &c.] tHe forth: but this generally implies some degree of educated, dixcilplined, or trained, wCell a youth: effort, or labour; as does also tcI' ..l; and likeand in lilke manncr, a horse [and a camel; for wise, desire: i. e. it means he sought, or enas is indicated in the B1 voce +, f_e, ap- deavoured, to make a thing comeforth: the former 1. , , (.S, Msb, K, d&c.,) nor. , (L,) inf. n. plied to a camcl, is syn. witil ;]. (IAar.) is also syn. with c,,l (q. v.) and 4,~1: and tl~ and d (8, M.b, K,) lIe, or it, mcent, You say, c l i ., (S,A, K,) inf.n. as both of them signify, and so does Cs1 in many came, passed, or got, out, or forth/; issued, enma.- above, IfIe educated, disciplined, or trained, him nstancces, he drew out, or forth; extracted; nated, proceeded, went, or departed; contr. of nell in lrolite accomnlishnents; i. e. a teachler, edured; produced; elicited; fetched oui by lajim.j; (TA;) 3 ,Jl1 >a. [f,om the place]. his pupil. (TA.) = [Ile, or it, rendered a thingo hour or art; got out; or extorted: this is what pl1, i. e. of tno colours, white and black: &c.] s meant by its being said that] (M9 b.) One says, CIL... 4 t lj . l is jd .. [lle, or it, ,,il C. t *.. l Th,e stars render 'ent, came, passed, or got, out, or forth, &c., You say, yn. with L; (s, K,) and so is tj~L. . tre colour [of a thing, such as an expanse of ( well: and it turned out nell]. (S.) [And . j .K.) tv .. l in the lur xvii. 82, water,] a mixture of black and white, by reason rneans ef: U. , in art. 3J 9. WWhen Cause Thou nme t go forth from Mekkeh f its blackness and their whiteness. (TA.) And ii m a good, or an agreeable, manner, so that I may means It mas disbursed, or exp,ended, the inf. n. ;l.1 .s, (A,K,) inf. n. as above, (K,) Ftle aiot turn my heart [or affections] towards it: (Jel: is J. ] i . [lit. IIe rent out, &c., wnith (a boy, A) wrote tpon part of the tablet and left [see also various similar explanations in Bgl:]) him,or it]: se 4. (TA.) , .. [T£he day t ,art of it without Nriting. (A,* K.) And . is here a n. of place, or, accord. to the 0r t qf going forth] mean. to.e day of the ,c [or l l;t. He S wrote a book leaving [blank] the places hore approved opinion, of time. (TA.)- _, rl .festival]. (A, TA, I, *m a trad.) And [as used t,~ u, t t[Ie vented that which was in his [of the titles] of the sections and chapters. (A.) in the ]ur i. 41] The day when men shall come osom, or mind]. (TA in art. r And q aJC ' (A, K,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) [p.l f/brth from their grares; ('A ;) a name of the aid of a definition or a rule or theike, or ofa por. day of resurrection. (AO, J..) - [tlt became l He made the work to be of different kinds. (A, excluded by a definition or a rule or the like, or ., TA.) And .jl aTfil , inf n. as on thereof, means t It excluded something.]_ 5 3 ., l 'j..,,. t[He exclu,ded him from parabove, The pasturing animals ate part of thl , by: portion thereof.] Ji ii is a phn'- ot the Ba,ree grammarians, said of the pasture and left part. (S,* A, K,* TA. [See tiicipation in the affair]. (TA in art. Op., &c.) objective complement of a verbl, meaning tPut a Iso 4.]) And . I l ~d;l: and ( ;) i. e. -;- t^ [intrans. ] ie paid hisx .e1; in the accus. cae as being out of the predicament is land-taz, and poll-tax. (TA.) _ He hunted .t&: s. see of the subject and that of the attribute. (TA.) ~ M41, and -. o°strichnes uch as are termed *, (9, TA, [in 3. ir.J11 iq. -O, yL. t [lie got out of, escaped fromn, , (.8,TA,) tl he CIC .,JI is erroneously put for .1,]) ext.-icated himself from, evaded, or became quit i.. e. (TA) One person's putting forth as many of PII. of .l1. (TA.)- lie married to a woman of, a affair, or a state]. (ISha, TA in art. Sj.) h lis fingers as he pleases, and th,e other's doing the ojf brown complexion, white internized with [And S1_ jl )1 >e tjd t lHe passed from Ii ike: (}1, TA :) [or the playing at the game called bJ lack, wvhose parents were, one, wrhite, and the torra; micare digitis: see .. one state t" another state. And .' You say, o0Wker, black. (T, K.) _ tHe passed a year of tjj , !1.. i He played wvith Aim at the game of morra. J sruitfulnen and sterility, (, TA,) or halffruit. t le quitted, orforsook, his religion. And.4. S [inf. n. as above,] i f a.t- OiJ, and C ,%*,t le became quit of his See also 6.]-,i, Je'ul and alf sterile. (TA.)-i1t1 1 Trie pasturing animals ate part of the pasture o,ntributed with them to the expenses of a journey debt, and of his diseae.] And a1 iM ; r an expedition againstan enemy, shar,ingequally a ad left part. (p, TA. [See also 2.]) ^.iJ tHe paid such a one his debt: a phrase rn rith each of them; like .,~U.. (L in art. Sj.) 5. t;3 [tit (a saying) was resoled, ezplained,

;*~ A strait, direct, or right, road or used in law. (TA.) .i [And . way. (V.)
and o.JL i l

[Boox I. .






tAcor rendered. 1.. J ) :j' Q" t cording to this meaning &c. is, or may be, rsoled, explained, or rendered, sucha saying, is a phrae of frequent occurrence in the larger t He was, or became, well edulexicons &e.-] TA,) in cated or disciplined or trained, (A,^ polite accomplishments, (9, ]~, TA,) or in science and art. (A. [See also 1: and see 2, of which it is quasi-passu.]) 6. taWi. q. x&t3; (S;) similar to a .; with the fingers, as explained above. (TA.) You say, I^,jW 3 , meaning I,.;3 [i. e. They played together, one putting forth as many of his fingers as he pleased, and another doing the like: or they played together at the game called morra: see * "]. (A.) - _I.j is also syn. with I),j W as meaning They contributed equally to the expenses rhiMch they had to incur on the occasion of a journey, or an expedition against an enemy; or contributed equal sitares of food and drink. (L in art. .. ) - And 1jJ They (two copartners, .C, TA, or two coinheritors, TA) became quit of claim to sharing property by one's taking the house and the other's taking the land; (1.,' TA;) or by selling the I,rolperty by mutual consent and then dic;(ing it; or by one's talhing ready money and the other's taking a debt. (TA.) 8: see 4, in three places: and sce also 10.

and artifce, or cunning; (1, TA;) Ia man who uses art, artifice, or cunning, in the dirposal, or managemvit, (A:) or l one who does management, of ajjairs: not hasten in an affair f,.om which he cannot easily escape when he desires to do so. (TA.) (S, (S,A, A, Mgh, Msb, b, R) and ' Mob, Msb, K,) both also written with damm, [i. e. andt#"p 9. j&l IHe (a ram, ]g, or an ostrichl, S, K) and t .,] (KC,) but the former mode of 6I -. I writing was, or became, j$ i. e., of two colours, white writinir C them is that which more commonly obtains, (TA,) i. q. 3j!; (S, 1 ;) A tax, or tribute, tains, l,Fl. (S, K.) and black; as also which which is tahen from the property of people; an 10. f. .. l1: see 4, in two places. You say, impost, impost, or a certain amount of the property of ',~ ''; ;i1 '"?'.j- i; 1 ! I extracted the people, which is given forth yearly; a taz upon thing from the mine, clearing it from its dust. lands 9c.: (TA:) or the revenue, or gain, derivedfi.oin rivedf,.om land, (A, Mgh, Msb,) orfrom a slave, i ,,Z4n 1 (M9 b.) And l (Mg1Q (Mgh,) or also from a slave: (A:) and then t [The eliciting of the meaning of that which iJ applied to the land-tax, which is taken by the made enigmatical is a cause offatigue to minds]. Sulfdn: (A, Mgh:) and the poll-tax paid by the (A in art. ..a.) - [Also tlIe tilled land, and Sulfdn free non-Muslim subjects of a Muslim gorernmade it productive. (See .K voc cyU.]) And - 0 $ me *01 ment: (A, Mgh, M.b:) or .lp. signifies espe$' tThe land was put into a good .a.l . j. cially a poll-tax: (IAsr:) cially a landl-tax: and * state for sowing or planting. (AHn, TA.) or the poll-tax paid by also signifies former the 4r i1 He asked him, or pe- thefi.ee 1..I and *V o. Mruslim governof a suljects non-Mluslim the f.ee titioned him, to go, or conme, out, or forth; or he ment: to a yearly wvas applied which a term it is ment: desired o!f himn that he should go, or come, out, or land-tax the people upon imposed 'Omar which laud-tax forth. (TA.) of the Sawdd [of El-'Iri]: then, to the land11: see 9. tax which the people of a land taken byconeention ,i. [originally an inf. n.] Outgoings, disburse- agreed to pay; and their lands were 'termed °,q. .l: accord. to Bd, it is a name for the proments, expenditure, or expenses; what goes out, aeq-.;.L: of land: and has then been used to signify ceeds c" or is expended, of a man's property; contr. of the theprofits arisitngfrom posessions; such as the throughout. 3,~. (S, l1.) - See also .:^, revenue revenue derived fJrom the inrease of lands, and (L,) Clouds when frcon Also, (S, L, l,) and .j1-, fron slaves and animals: accord. to Er-I.fi'ee, first rising and appearing: (S, L, J:) or the its its primary signification is an impost which the rain that co7nes forth ftom cloud: (Akh:) or master master requires to be paid him by his slave: the ji.. of clouds is their becoming extended, accord. i is an [obsolete] inf. n.: and accord. to Zj, or expanded. (TA. [See 1.]) a .l:., a name for that which comsforth: and kind he also explains the latter word by :;: well.nown kA Also and : see l.pl. (TA:) the pl. ', by ,.dy. and : of ,t&; [a pair of saddle-bags; i. e. a double 0 .g · 0 ] ($, M.b, J ;) (of bag, or doubb wack,for th ; [a pl. pl.] (of tl5 , L, TA) is Cl:-l and Cl&.! a jJIi hiaring two corre~ponding receptacle a saying vli to) 'Jl, (ER and *'; [te moutl whro of are generally closed by means and

slave, to Mobammad, (1, TA,) oceu-ring in a meribed ascribed tmd. trad. of 'Aisheh, of disputed authority, but affirmed by by several authors to be genuine, means, accord. to (TA,) The revenuederived tomost of the lawyers, 0. rrom from the slave is the property of tho purchaser becaum becauseof the responsibility which he has borne for him: (A,* Mgh,' K, TA:) for one purchases a slave, and imposes upon him the task of producing ducing a revenue for a time, and then may dis.. [The [The quality of being of] two colours, coveralso o's in him a fault which the seller had concealed; ivhito wherefore he has a right to return him and to .]) white . and blach. (S, . [See receive 0,0, receive back the price; but the revenue which he ac:p& . You say, had required the slave to produce is his lawful , a,.dI [n.un. of 1: pl. 1;Wip& lie went not, or came not, ; aj"/ 9.1 :.j. C .1Ie aproperty, property, because he had been responsible for oitt, L him; and if he had perished, part of his property out, or forth, save once: and )3"'6 had perished: (K,*TA:) in a similar manner Hom How many are thy goings, or comings, out, or IAth lAth explains it, as relating to a male or female forth forth! (A.) slave 6r to other property. (TA.)._.I . and f-j and slave @ 5 0*. 0 ..i 9 *. al!J3 and ) c. (,. .i .a' , ,ltL A remean 74 xxiii. El, as used in the lKur (TA romp~ or reward. (Fr.) Some, for *~ , A man Jfiequently compense, C C313 9,.. (T'A in art..) . going, or coming, out and in: (S, K, TA:) and in this And (TA.) 4.lj.. read instance, Cidl.. the the second phrase [and app. the others likewise] w'eel C:!j&. The taste of fruit; 1j. is also used as meaning t 1 acutenes, or ingenuity, clerernes, much man of Ia and this being likened to the .l,,. of lands &c. (TA,
of loops which are inserted one into another]: (TA:) (TA:) [also, app., a single saddle-bag; and :)] an a pair of saddle-bags: (see,e Q '&.. a et imbic Arabic word, (S,) accord. to the more cormet opinion; opinion; but said by some to be arabicized: (TA:) (S, Myb, K) and (TA:) pl. [of mult.] '.'. [of -l,l. (TA.) [of pauc.]

from from a trad.) -

See also

,in five place.

1,0d. Pimlples, or srmall swellings or putules: lf,. 'j [a coll. gen. n.:] n. un. with i: (Mgh, Mb :) or [the hind of pustule termed] J) , and the lilte, that come forth upon the body: (Mgh:) or like, purulent pustules, or imposthames, (,, K,)that purulent comeforth upon the body: (S:) or a spontaneous swelling that comes forth upon the body: or an ulcerous ulcerous swnelling that come forth upon a beast of the equine kind and ulon other animals: pl. [of *. so pauc.] .d.. (TA.)) pauc.] a,.,. and [of mult.] See also
C-1-1161 0*6


and a


_Also A horse

that outstrips in the race. (TA.) -And !A horse having a neck so long that, by reason of its length, he plucks away at unawares (J'.) evwy every bridle that is attached to his bit: (A,' L, V:*) :*) and in like manner, without ;, a mare. (TA.) -And A she-camel that lies down apart m the [other] camels: (K :) and one excellent from in the pace 0** others: termed j;, that goes before 0a 4 (TA:) , (X, TA,) [in the CKC C..., but (TA:) pl. it is] with two dammehs. xTA.) .
an inf. n. of L (S, Msb,

1y.)_ See

also ~j~.. (TA) and ' t (S, K) and t ; (55, A A certain game, (S, ., TA,) played by thie Arab youths, .: youths, (TA,) in which they say * ]g, aJ you say, to ISk, (s, K, TA:) accord. he boys played at .lj&], with [The oi l [The · 'tj t, keer to the t: Fr ays, lj. is the name of a kesr well-known well-hnown game of the Arabs, in which one of -the the players holdt a thing in his hand and says to j at the others, Elicit ye ( (Q,.~l) what is in my hand: in the T, Vtlp. and are explained hand:


el ,

by the word 4-.' [meaning micare digitis; and and hence it appears that the game thus termed, accord. to the T, is the morra, a game common 1

720 in ancient and modern Italy, and in very remote times in Egypt, in which one of the players puts fort some, or all, of hi fingers, and another is required to name instantly th number put forth, or. to do the same]; and it is there added, that it is A game of thI Arab youths: Aboo-Dhueyb El-Hudhalee says,

[Boox 1.

chief, (., ], TA,) and goes forth [firm his (so in the TA: ih the 8, 1,iq l . :) meaning party, or fellows], and become elevated, or t Yeriy we, hen te inla~ser of roars ercites ealted, (TA,) without his having noble ancestry: them, and] they (the wan) have put un, for (, I, TA:) and it is also said to signify any- death, a garment white. and red, rendered so by thing that surpasses, 6r exce its kind andfellows: being besardwith. blood: i. e., have been ren(TA:) accord. to Abu-l-'AIl, in ancient times, dered notable like a thing that is black and white. before El-Islam, it was applied to a courageous, (Q,TA.)__The [bird caUd] ;-'t; (i;) or generous, man, the son of a cowardor niggard, because of its colour. (TA.)_ ,Cq a &i * LJt, :'1 " s, . and the like: -and in like manner, to a Ajleet, (Sb, ,0 and * L| · 0. , . . a , * t 1- a or snift, horse; or one excellent in running; or (TA) and * .iA Ci.MbL)L3 ;. g d t.NJW I that outstrips others; noi the offspring of a sire (TA) t Land Aawing plants, or herbage, in one I mas dsepbl in consequence of it, (referring to and dam possessing the like qualities: [and in the place and not in another: (., ,, TA:) that has lightning,) at nightfall, as though it were ker- TA, the coll. gen. n. Q1.i is explained as been rained upon, and Aas produced herbs, in chiefs tristed for the purpose of beating with applied to such. horses :] - then, in the times of some parts and not in others: (8h:) or the them, under which rwas uttered the cry C.O.; El-Islam, it was applied to A rebel: and a heretic. second means land upon which rain uas not likening the thunder to the cry of the players: ;ll (TA) and (Iyam p. 188.) [The pl.] J.sll is the appella- fallen. (L in art. ,.) t but Aboo-'4lee says that C [thus used] is (A, TA) and * e, (8, A, I) tion of A party [of heretics, or schismatics,] of .t... but those following erroneous opinions, having a sin- and J4a incorrect; that he should have aid t j () : A year of fruitfulnes, or that the rhyme required.him to say . . (TA.) gular, or particular, persiasion: (Q( :) they are of abundant herbage, and of sterility: (., A, K, [said by some to'be] the 4kjdy [q. v.]; and the TA:) or half fruitful, or abundant in herbage, 1 . ; J Countriest suject to a [tlj. or] 2~ j&. are [said to be] a sect of them; and they and half sterile. (TA.) tax upon their lands. (MP.) consist ofseven sectJ: (TA:) they were so called .~.t&" an inf. n. of 1. (, Myb, .)-Also we: ee t Band and ^because they went forth from, (as in one copy of A place of .j [i. e. of going, coming, panning, the K,) or against, (ae in other copies,) the rest ij..b has the meaning of a pass. part. n.: of the people; (K, TA;) or from the religion, or or getting, out, or forth; a place of egress, or ] ,TA:) pi. t (. CTA.) (, :) you *ay, Cl'4 is, t He is, orhas froin the truth, or from 'Alee after [the battle of] exit; an outlet]: (8, Siffeen. (TA.) - [Also t Relating to what is You say, .been, wed educated or disciplined or trained by e I tlfound, zI in external, or extrinsic, to the mind; objective; such a one (., A,* ] ) in polite accomplishments, the affair, or case, a place [or way] of escape, reaL Hence,. acjiLJi; 1 t The things that evaion, or safety. (Msb.) And .JI ji (5, ],) or in science and art. (A.) j are esternal, or.extrinsic, to the mind; the things to · mand [in an intensive sense] t t~U and that are considered objectively; real things; a.jl j_" 1l Sucs a one knows the ways of entering into ajjhirs and those of withdrawing [in an intensive or a frequentative sense] t el, opposed to a~l. 1j . (See also W.) himself out of them. (A, TA.) -[Hence; A Going, cominj, passing, or getting, out, orforth; priry: used in this senhe in the . and K in art. 1[~ .jl.fem. of I .:-:..and also a coll. iusuing, emanating, proceedling,or departing: [the o,-, &c.- And The anus: used in this sense second signifying doing so much: and the third, gen. n., of which the u. un. is i..ti ..] in the Mpb in art. .ip_..]-Also A time of dtoing so much or frequently.] (TA.)- [Ez.~.~ [i. e. of going, &c., out, or forth; of .Tj,. A certain sort of palm-trees, (L, K,*) t~nrl; extrinsic; foreign:] the exterior, or out. egss, .or . exit]. (TA.),J.Jl X. Well hnown. (K.) side, of anything. (TA.) You say, tl ~. X )j,n31 means t Such a one is good, and laudIji [I nwas outside the houd]:, (A :) [or,] [l~pl. of aj. :1. : -and also of ,nl.. as able, in his way of acting, or conduct. (TA il accord. to Sb, mta. is not used adverbially un- an epithet applied to a man &c., not as a rel. n.] art. Jd...) les with the particle [ij]. (TA.)- [Hence, .j^. A ram, (S, R,) and (so in the S, but in .t,. an inf. n. of the trans. v. '.. (S, 1.) t.iJ as meaning t What is external, or exthe '"or") a male ostrich, (AA, S, A, R,) of [So accord. to some in a phrase in the .Kur trintic, to the mind; what is objective; reality. two colours, wrhite and black: (S, A,*1:) or a xvii. 82, respecting which see 4.] - Also pass. (See also A.Zq .) And r.,t_Jlll t In ,rhat is male ostrich of a colour in which black predomi- part. n. of the same. (., K.) - A ndl n. of place nates over rrhite, like the colour of ashes: and in of the same. (,.) And n. of time of the external, or extriutic, to the mind; &c.]. this sense also applied to a mountain: (Lth,TA:) same. (S.) a t [femrn. of V.l.t : and sing. of l used and a goat half white and half black: and a horse .:,.d*; and its fern., with ;: see . . of rwhich the belly, and the sides asfar as the back, as a subst.].,- _liJI in the phrase J;lI but not the back itself, are white, and the rest of .t occurs in poetry for .i , .J!..J b3 means The arcles,.or vaults, and niches, any colour: (TA:) fem. '.: (A, TA:) which d [A day in r/hich one goes forth ; or in rwhich in tie inner side of a wall; JbI,Jl meaning is applied to a female ostrich: (A:) gnd to a the figured 'forms, and inscriptions, upon a wall, ewe or she-goat having white hind legs andflanks: peope goforth]. (TA.) (AZ, S:) or a ewe that is black, with one hind executed with gypsum or otherwise: or J.ll4l : see 3, last sentence. LjlpJ j b means the ornamental [deprsed and] leg, or both hind legs, and the flanks, white; the a.; U'5 t A sAe-camel formed like the heprojectingformi of a building, differingfrom the rest being black: (TA:) or a ewe white in the hinder part, half of her being rwhite, and the camel: (S,A, 1, TA:) or like the male '. forums adjacent thereto. (Msb,.from a saying of other half of any colour: (T, TA :) and a small camel (TA.) See 1. Esh-Shafi'ee.)-_.. I l t The mars and isolated mountain (r,1) of two colours, (A, TA,) the female slave and the she-as. (IJ.) _,:, white and black . (A:) pl. .. (K.) Also tli . t Ilis generosity became apparett, and t.A garment rhite and red; rendered so by he applied himself to the sound management of 1. ;,,.., aor. ', (L, K,) inf. n. .&., (L,) being besmeared with blood. .(TA.) El-'Ajiij affairs, (P, TA,) and became intelligent like She was an untouched virgin; (L,, ;) as also says, others of his clan, after his youth, or ignorant tjOj.l, inf. n. ; ; (L;) and t*,.3: (L, 1 i t ., l; · and youtfiul conduct. (TA.) ·., -. --i -i R:) or she wu bashful and grave or staid or sedate, or very bashful, long silent, lorw in voice, ,h.%P&. t.,u ,^W. One who maks himself a lord, or 1I 1



BooK I.]
one wvho ,concealed herself from public view, (L, J,) and did not remain long in her parents' house, or tent, unmarried, after having attained


the ual properagefor marriage. (L.) -


He ie nwa, or became, affected rith shame, bashfulae, or pudncty; (IAr ;) as also Vts.1. - Ae was, or became, abject. (IAar.) (]) Also, inf.n. as above; and t .p.I; He kept long sence: (L, g :) and the latter signifies also he silence by reason of abjectness; not by reason of bashfulnem: so accord. to the g: but accord. to the A, he kept silence by reason of bashfulness; and )1l signifies "he kept silence by reason of abjectness:" (TA:) and so says IAy: (TA in art. s3:) or j&.l accord. to IAgr signifies he spoke little. (Ilar p. 250.) [See also ;&.]

needle, o attain two wants together, J. [n.lit, j mentioned:]) n. un. with ;. (S.)- _ j;J- tin a single seam, or thong. two Wilt conjoin thou &jlW1 is A certain plant in Egypt known by or] titch, the first word being in the titch, oryuncture? . (i.) the name of l! JI weus. case because ' is understood]. (A, accus. U.) TA.) Also tTheforamen podii : and thbe TA.). foramen foramen Aides, vtain. (TA voce ~) He semed Hj&, L jj., aor.; and , inf. n. 5;j-; ;jj&; All. pl. (Myb, g, TA) a skin, or hide, (M 1b, TA,) or a Kqb, MIb, TA.) boot, &cc. (., A, V.) You say, Ci ,j ;iL.Jl1 js.
Un. of jJ ajd1.: n. [q. V.]. ($,

;tCll j °. [TThe language of such a one is like eing is a pL of s like U being app. a pL of j, thefemale slaves' sewing of skins]; i. e., [its or- 0-6,# (1;voce IJl q. V.) namnents, lit.] its pearls, and its cowries, are far ia^]. apart. (A, TA.) sijtL The art, or occupation, of seing [sins,

[the seams of the sip: j1

He (S:) a thing that is hung [or rather things that (1 ), l (J, A.) 4: see 1, in three places.- 31 jl 1 are hung] upon the neck, made of coloured stone, (JC.) diversion. or 4,0 [and vulg. t;'A" ] The instru,ent [i. C. sport, to play, inclined jaL.. red and green: (Har p. 4 3 1:) orgems, or similar Jili.i 6: see L stones, both good and bad: (JK:) [alsofactitious the needle, or afl,l rewith which one s~s kCins, gems, arid the like: (see ' L.A5. as explained in or hides, or] boots, c. (t, .) see ;..a , in two places. .,i-: 0.1, 0 the . &c.:)] n. un. Sj',: (. , Mgb:) the latter jji.a Jj.. Any bird, (A, V,) as a pigeon cc, (TA,) signifying [a single bead;] what is strung: (I :) ltaring -, s : see the next paragrph. - .. haring upon its wings marks resmbling j,j [or A gentle roice, characterized by bashfulness, or and also, (i. e. the latter,) a gem, or precious boadr]. beads]. (A, g, TA.) stone, (1J, TA,) such [for instance] as is set in a modesty. (lApr, g.) ow ring, w1hether good or bad: (TA:) pl. of the zvirgin: (IAY4, $, A:) and a bashful, latter, ,,lj,3{j.. A (, (TA.) Hence, J.II ,j., or modest, woman: and sometimes they said K,) and sI3Jl, (S, A,) The gems of the king's meaning a girl bashful and grave crown: when the king had reigned a year, a %.', ;)I., 1. L s,- (Msb, g,) aor.:, Og,) inf. n. ., or staid or sedate; or very bashful: (S:) or ;j. was added to his crownr, in order that the signify an un- number of the years of his reign might be known: (A, A, , Mqb, V,) He (a man) mas dumb; was 5jt 4 . Band l.;Ji. and ?;i' bycofformation, preentedfom pealk. naturally, naturaUy, grave and touched virgin: or a female bashful (S, :) such is said to have been the case. (s.) [he was destitute of the faculty of ,ing; (Mqb;) ing; silent, long bashful, or very sedate, or or staid [tmean- nwh,!v .,! l .'; 1 Jlj. .a You say, am~ pench, by natural conformation, like the beat: low in voice, who conceals herseMlffiom public view, ing He reigned sixty years: lit., he received thec , or (L, g,) and does not remain long in her parents' see ;r,'i :] or he was, or became, ton~ houM, or tent, unmarried, after having attained gems of the crown sixty years]. (A.)_ withheld from speech, (A, V,) either from inawithheld tAe usual roper age for marriage: (L:) pl. C.I signifies The aJ. [or len] of the eye. bility tofind words to ezprea what he would say, (S, L, ;) (TA in art. ~*..) - And .. is also applied or by natural conformation [of the organs of ($; ,~ anud ~ ($, A,L, g) and (.* and Po and speech]. (TA.) to The small shells called .. the second' of which is contr. to rule. (L.) The jl,i.i (TA.) You say also Also SAn unbored pearl. (Lth, IAy, $,A, g.) TA in art. ,.) -- It also signifies iThe vertebrte an~ly auembly was, or becamne, mute, or peechle. (A.) IU, [inf. n., -, ;j, Silent by reaon of baJifulnes; not by of the back, (S, A, TA,) and of the neck: each usu , (Lb, lAth,) aor. (Lb,) W.1 - ;S which wj,.: latter is also explained silent by reason on.e is called reason of abjectness: and t app., bjp,L.,] .He fed the woman with what is meaning I what is between two vertebroe. of abjectneas; not by reason of bashfulness: so as on the L..; (Lb, IAth;) he fsd elwr termed te. accord. to AA: and the latter, simply, silent. (TA.) , also au oceadon occasion of child-birth; (Lb;) (L) [See also 1.] j.,., with fet-h, A single puncture [or stitch- IK,inf ($, ) and L.i . (TA.) j Is, inf n. hole, made in eing a skin or a boot; and so ; ~,~: see the next preceding paragraph. In like manner you say, t .,inf. n. , (TA.) ~jd]; syn. {j,. and tY ,S.&; [so in the TA, without any syll. ;22O i. q. Lj ;(8, R ;) A seam, or suture, in a signs to the verb;] He made for her what it , (S, L,) or (TA.) And , or hide, (KL, Pt, TV,*) or in a boot, &c.; termedA,w. (TA.) skin, j0.1 [fMustard-seed;] the grain of a certain (P$ ;) [app. made by sewing together two edges so ;,_.4, was fed with She A,) of the copy (so in a 9£,(soinecopyof.theA,)SAema3f#dwith tree, (1,) well known; (S, J;) aspecies of j. that one lops over the other: and app. also a single what on the occaa feast or (A:) so termed: is whit [q. v.]; (JV;) heating; emollient; drawing; stitch in such a seam;] what is between two .sion sion of her havin givn birth to a child was made a phlcgmagogue; lenitive; digestive; used as a punctures; i. c., every puncture witl, its thread: forher. , He dranhfrom , nor. a, lininment, goodfor the ,tpb [or gout], and [espe- (TA:) also, a puncture, or stitch-hole, in a skin for her. (., L.) (sgh, ,) i. e. ,,j, called3 of wine-jar [kind the the cially] the Cl [or sciatica], and the [nmalitlrant [&c.]: (TA voce . : [its pl. being there said the (TA.) 0~. (4,) and the species of leprosy termed] .i, and this last to be syn. with " .5&, pl. of k,.: clearingto the meaning, (for evidences of the correctness of ; ~ termed] thereof [mild species 2: see ,j., in three places. face; good for the alopecia, especially the cild which see ._1 and .. J1 and a &c.,) common 4. Ail .l. [God made him to be dumb: see .4. sort thereof; (TA;) its snohe drives amvay serperhaps bears in exs. here ! .~]: pents, or, as in the Kanoon, venomous or noxious to it and to ;.", it h.M]: (8 :) God made him to be tongetied, or (JM ) reptiles or the lihe; (TA;) its juiee, dropped, following :]) and any round perforation: ,tp;echlm, speechls, (A, 1,) either from inability to find below]. see which ;, app. [and .) ($., ,. pl. allays earache, (5,) and in like mannser its oil; words to express what he would say, or by natural fvords (TA;) and its powder, upon the aching tooth, is ,%'s". . -)*" C"!t [lit., Conjoin thou two conformation conformation [of the organs of peech]. (TA.' thongs.in a single seam, or stitch, or puncture,] extremly eclicacious, (I,) especially twhen She madefor her~lfthe foodfor the 5. ,. [or aua] has been cooked rwith it: (TA: [in is a prov., meaning accomplish thou twvo wants (A, .,) i. e., what is of child-birth, seeks who to him occasion say you And (TA.) once. at which many.other properties assigned to it are ni 1 .'J Bk..

Dr hides, or] booUt,,Jc. (A, g.) or j.,i [a coll. gen. n.,] a word of well-known A.) '2. . kida., meaning, (Myb,) [i. e., Beads;] what are strung: j,l ;1j& A sewer of [shins, or Aide, or] boots,,c.


[BooK .

called L:.

press rhat Ah mould say, or by naturalconformaHence the prov..j of pch]: (TA:) fern. C,Z: I i4_ 'li 1 (A, TA) Make thou the ood tion [of the orpans for child-birth for thyself, 0 Osf: there is no (Msb:) pl. s (Mqb,1) and -C. (i.)


maher of it for thee: said by a woman who had -,;. O r A he-camel that has no perforagiven birth to a child and had not any one to care tion to his L , for his bray to istue thArefrom, for her: alluding to a man's taking care for him- so that he reite,ates it therein: such a one they self: (g, TA:) and also related [in the A] like to send among the [she-camels in the state without the words W.; /. (TA.) in which they are tLrmed] J.?,, because in most 6. .rj3.J [Hefigned himself dumb, or .eech- instances he begets females: and 'L& ,1, a ,.ay also,* O las,] is from .jl ,S: hence 2 I1 she-camel that is not heard to utter the cry termed · ,.jLI.. (J.)_You cUAM "JS sl ep' k j ? 1 Such a one take from , .l _.e A sign of the roay, 2 JI ,.4 C> [Wlhen thou art present .Ij. (TA.) such a one thing after thing; s also t 1:,;. with, or beholdest, him who nill not understand (],) [or a mountain,] from which, (A,) or at, 3uch 0 C He has not taken anymhat thou sayest, then feign thyself dumb, or or in, nwhich, (.j, ],) no echo is heard: (A, (A.) And 1.4 s., thing. (TA.) And( ( l' " ;.J " ]g:) or a sign of the nay in the mountain whereof speechless]. (A.) no echo is heard: (Lth, T :) or [it seems to be Such a one takes and acluires rom such a one ', ,A (wine-jar such as is called] 3;; (JK, applied to a mountain where no echo is heard; the thing. (TA.) And t/' 1 ,signifies t The ;) ua also V,,*., (Kr, : s,) and ,;: for] it is said when no sound of an echo is heard taAing taking against one's will. (TA.) (TA:) pl. [ofpauc.] 1..1 (JK) and [of mult] in the mountain. (s.) _- :. atP SA cloud 0 2. d., in. n. j3 [Hse scratched him, that does not thunder: (A :) or a cloud in which 'p ( .) or it, with the nails, vehemently, or much; like is no thunder nor lightning, (9, ], TA,) and of S,;.y Food that itprepared on the occasion rvhich no sound ^:.] is (TA. heard; ) ,&jJ P which G s., inf.n. as above, is mostly in of th birth of a child; (9, A, Myb, g ;) as also t winter. (TA.)_ -,L/ The . ;e seed-produce t A rpring of the put forth the first ewtremity V','l,. (b, TA.) IJ seems to assign to it running whereof no sound is heard. (TA.)of the ear. (Ibn-'Abbd, ?gh, I.) alsoim the sense of i.L.. (TA.) -Hence, as also J ' ,..,'' . t A hard and solid rock: (Akh, Vthe second word, A feast, or banquet, that is pre3. 4,t&., inf. n. I;1 and L,, [He .;li. thard and solid bones. wratched pared on that occasion, and to which people are TA:) and scratched him with the naiL, being scratched by (Th,TA.)_X - O invited: so in a trad. of ;.Iassin, i's i.; I; jL ;;L SU sAn army, or a por- him in like manner; like ,otd.](TA.).tion thereof, without any clamour or confused (Hence,] [Hence,] / [ [._ An irritable, or a quarrelnoise: (A:) or whereof no sound is heard, by some, some,.dog]' dog]; like u,& ~As: (,1s:) IF holds adn he was invited tofood, to say, To a eddingfeast, or a feast for child-birth, or a circumcision- reason of their staidness in war: ($, .:) or that that the is a 'ubstitute for e. (TA.)_Ses is silent, by reason of thA multitude of the coats feast ?]; and if it were for one of these, he conalso 1, last signification. ofmail, rithout any clashing ofarms. (A 'Obeyd, sented: but if not, he did not consent. (TA.) 5 see 1, last sentence but one. 5: t m.)a--s , n st i. tThick milk, (9, A, t,) -i.: msee ,d. that maes no sound in the vessel, (S, ,) or that 6. Q, .:jW.3, . (A, ]x,) and 1til, (A,) does not shake about in its vessel: (A:) or thick Food for a woman who hasgiven birth The M dogs, and the cats, [scratched, or] fonght milk, of which no sound is heard rwhen it is to a child; (, A, ;) what is made for her, and and assailed, (c.L,3, V, TA,) and lacerated, or poured out: (Az, TA:) and 2 A A t a thick tort, such asM tore, one another. (TA.) and the like; as also [Lwb,] rith drauht of milk. (M, TA.)-,,.M.I . U_. ,.. (TA.) e., a.t. [IThA child-birth-food of 8: see 1, in four places. 441. Maryam], applied to dates, and occurring in a rj. [or bo ?] t He turned from me, and GAp& Gain; or earning: pl. vj. J.. (TA.) trad., alludes to verse 25 of chap. ix. of the would not speah to me. (Fr, TA.) - 'L. tA ]ur, &.JI 4f! L. qsj: and Khalid Ibn-,afwkn viper: (A:) pl. ,'r. (TA.) - Hence, (A,) The :·d. skin, (, s) or dlough, (A,TA,) .;L. l;j Hte nmote him with a calamity. of a serpent. (9, A, TA.) To this one likens a uses in the same manner the phrase V 9, thin, thin, transparent, shirt. (A, TA.) Aln applies .*/; in which aLd...3 is an inf n. used as a (A,s .) joi. ,-., ., , a a.a . subst.; or it may be a subst., like ;J. (TA.) its pl., T , metaphorically, to [the skins of] its ,, ~i..,: see L,.. all [animals of the cla termed] , :. all (TA.) .C A she-mmel that does not utter the cry -'flie - The upper covering, (9, K, TA,) which is termed .kj. (Ibn-'Abbid,sgh, ].) ace. dry, or tough, or hard, [app. meaning the shell,] · 0 (TA,) of an egg, ($, g, TA,) after it has been 1. 3, (8,s A,> ,)aor., (,1,) inf. n. ,~,. (TAJ ,.: ee, ,, in two places. broken, and what was in it, (9, TA,) of moisture, (Lth,) He, or it, (namely, a cat, A,) scratched broken, (TA,) has been extracted: ($, TA:) or the inner W,. jd A ,? [or female that has not yet him, or it, (namely, the skin, A,) rith the nails, (TAJ brought forth] in the .firt period of her preg- (Lth, ., A,' !,) in any part of the body, (Lth,) skin, (T, TA,) or inner coeing, (A,) of an egg; wancy: and (some say, 8) one for wvhom La.i. so as to cause bleeding or not; or wounded him in (T, A, TA;) also called &,i.: (TA:) pl. as is made: (8, ] :) and one having a scanty flow the outer shin, so as to make it bleed or not; or above. (TA.)- To this is likened tAnything lacerated it (namely, the akin) little or much; in which are an inflation and a bkrsting and of milk. (?gh, -. ) koks. /olea. (AZ,' g.) - The thin skin upon the su,1>.. A makher (S, TA) and seller (K, TA) of or tore off its surface with a stick or the like; face of milk: ( :) or the bubbles that rime upon syn. ; .; (8, ];) [as also dJ,,;] and so the [kind of ,winesjarcalled] , ,.. (., V, TA.) the surface of milk: (A :) froth, or foam. (P, 9 · ~,d..: (.8 ];:) and *J.Ud * ?o,.L t He - And A vintner. (JK, TA.) TA. [See an ex. in a verse cited voce .n.])_ scratched him, &c., with his nail. (TA.) You t Phlegm: (S, A, ] :) or viscous phlegm in the ,.*fL (., kc.) Dumb; pre~ented from speaheay also, tihA i.A. a [He scratched it cliest: ing by natural conformation; (Meb;) speechchest: (TA:) and what is ternmed q.v. V;J less, or destitute of the faculty of speech, by with an iron thing; and the like]. (i.),- It (A, TA.) You say, ~ O Ih. i.J 1 He cast (TA.) forth natural conformation, (T and M;b in art. .%,) (a fly) bit him; (A, TA;) as also A.. the phlegm (lit phlegms) of his cheat. (S.) :__a.I ,u., (8, I,) aor. and inf. n. as above, like the beas tat lacka the faculty of articula[See also a tropical meaning below.] And UI tion; (T ibid;) differing from .1, q. v.: (T (TA,J He dret the camel (s, I4) towards him 1 e cast forth from hAis chest h1 * ;,.; t and Msb ibid:) or tongyetied, or speechless, (I, (o) wsti thc the a e,i. e., the : hi (S, t ) TA,) either from inability to find words to ex- or As struck the camel and then dre him toward# .hat rvhat is termed I,I (Az, A, TA) and phlegm:

him ther~with; dteiring tAhreby to exdcite him to quichen his pace: and ha struck Aim with its ~. quicken tromity in the side of his neck, or [elaewAhmre] in tramity hi's his tkin, to as to crape off from him his fur. (TA.) (TA.) [See also &'w^ `---.]- Jl'; a, , aor a above, (s, K,) and so the inf. n, (TA,) t He earned earned for his family, or Aouehold; (?, ;) colketed, coUlected, and practiedartifice,forthem; (TA;) and sought sustenancefor them; (9, ] ;) as also Ilk, ~ & u~~~~~~~ ' -·.· 1





W Phlegm:


Boos I.]

BO,& -



, 1I - The of th hind calld J4j: ITA:) or the ring of a them o,ffn4th aU hiipngrs]. (TA.)_iyjl J;, (A:) or thick spittle. (15.)_., e moa of honey, and the dead bee in it: (TA:) I': (1 :) or a small ring; one of the ornaments aor. as above, (., 1, ) and so the inf. n., (.,) or the young beo, or the aings, that are upon of women0 ; (Sh,] ;) in the form of the Ib or He remnoed the bark, or peel, from the wood, or .s^.. (8, 1P.)stick, (., J,) and planed it, or made it even, (V,) some other thing: (Sh:) pl. ) _-_t1 .. honey. (M and L in art. rritA the bi , which is also called "; and L,L S The sun roe in dust; (S, A;j syn. [Hence,] C... liJ aJ Gl, meaning tSuch'a :..jd. in art. 1J,) or with his hand. (TA in the (TA woman has not in her possession anything. (A.) A , & i (J8A, present art.) - [Hence, in modern Armbic, He Such a on cast forth ohat he concealed of pje>. a subst. from ej.. as explained above; turned the rood, or stick; i. e., shaped it, or rancoursand enmitie, and of grief. (A, TA.) (S, A, Msb, 1];) Conjectural computation of made it round, with a lathe.] --. AIq JI LJj,., a1&t What fallU from a thing when it is quantity: (ISh:) or quantity computed by con- inf. n. as above, He made the iron long, like a ltjl!l. Jis He wratehmd with an iron instrumentor the like. (V.) jecture of the fruit upon palm-trees. (A, Mgh.) column, or pole, or rod. (?.) You say, iiL .j . [What is the conjec- collected the jewel in a Ijm . [q. v.]. (MF.) 1-" : ee what next follows. tural computation of the quantity, or the quantity 4. iL. Jjl He bound, or madefast, the 1y. A >q. [or stick of which the end is comfputed by conjecture, of the produce of thy lwj&J. [q. v.]; or closed it by inserting its loop. j .. [[Wrat palm-trees?]. (TA.) And JL,l naturaUy cured, or crooked]; (., 1;) [see 1;] 1.. (8, .*) sometimes written [u,u, ,] with t: ( :) a is the conjectural computation, o; the quantity one into another; syn. s of the computed by conjecture, of the produce or a stick,) had 7. .Lp.J [It (a piece of wood, stick with a curved, or crooked, head, like the See also its bark, or peel, removed, and mas planed, or palm-trees of thy land? . (S, A, 1.) as also V (TA.) . i.._ And see ,,s. (as appears from what made even, with the i.', or with the hand: see 1]. - [And here follows,) ,.,.. A man hungry and cold: (S, TA:) or 4 hence,] ~ b;sil :His body became snder; hungry in cold: (K:) and *jel. signifies the j.;i., (Q, A, Mgh, M9b,) aor. ' (A, same. (TA.) [See also j..] 1. ,j 1 Jii (8, 1], TA;) as though it were barked and planed M;b) [and-,as appears from what follows,] . (TA.) (s .) with the s inf. n. -, (., A, Mgh, Msb,) [and p.. is LjZ Foodfor a woman who has given birth 8: see 1. - [Hence,] '4-., ., (a,) or also allowable, (see what follows,)] HIe computed to a child: (J:) app. a dial. var. of ;L>.. (TA.) the fruit upon tihe by conjecture the quantity of 4.J, (Mgh, 15,) tHe drew his sword, or the palm-trees: (A, Mgh, Mb :) or he computed by sword, (S, Mgh, ,) from its scabbard. (Mgh, ,>k1&: see the next paragraph. co:tedture the quantity that was upon the palmTA.) trees of fresh ripe dates that would be dried dates. ,jri. One who computes by conjecture the L,LI, The parings, or shavings, thatfallfrom ( W.) ,,s. signifies The computing quantity by quantity of thefruit upon palm-trees: pl. j.*~.. the wvorh of the hSa.; like 5;oj; and :Ii. conjecture; (A,1],TA;) conjecturing; opining: (A,* TA.) - 5A liar; (Msb, TA;) as also (TA.) - WIhat falls from a bunch of grapes, or orforming an opinion of a thing of which one is ,,yl"Jii J,, in (S, A, Myb, TA.) *~.~I. the like, when thefruit is pulled off mith all the not certain: you say, bJMl ... , aor. and , means, Slain be the fingers. (AHeyth.) the latter said by ISh to the K5ur [Ii. 10], (TA,) . and inf. n. liars; (Fr, Zj, A, Bd, TA;) i. e., cursed be they; be like,; as inf. n. of ,o, and said by Az to (Bd ;) who say that Mohammad is a poet, and i!;&. The art, or craft, of the 1sd. (-.) be allowable because a simple subst. is put in the the like thereof, conjecturing that which they place of an inf. n., He computed by conjecture the know not: (Fr, TA:) or it may mean, they who A receptacle, (.8, 1V,) [a pouch,] or 'ls~' [the only opine, and do not ascertain; and therefore thing like a :.;. , and ; number: and hence J; [or purse], (Lth, Msb,) o! computing by conjecture the quantity of. ruit act according to that which they know not. (Zj, leather, (Lth, 8, Mgb, 1,) or of rag, (Lth,) or . ,) rohich w, is bound, or made other material, ( is TA.) - See also , upon palm-trees, and of dates,] because ,..e fast, or closed by the insertion of its loops one the computing quantity by opinion, not by hnotvw. into another, (t , Lth, 8, M9 b, V,) upon its ledge. (TA.) - . . also signifies Any speaking by opinion, or conjecture. (1.,* TA.) You contents: (Lthi, $, 15:) pl. 1Ss.. (Myb.)h3jl (, , Myb,) aor. ' and -, inf. n. 1. say, , H H.. e spoke of him, or it, by opinion, L Also A thing liened thereto, which is made for J.5, (Msb,) He rubbed off the leaves (., Msb) or conjecture. (T]5.) - And hence, (TA,) ., the letters of the sulfdn, and of prefects, or agents, from the branches, (M.b,) by grasping the upper to be sent therein. (Lth, L.) - Also A similar (., Mb, V,) aor. , (S,) inf. n. v.. , (S, Msb, :,) tHe lied; spoke falsely; said rohat was part, and passing the hand along it to the lower thing [which was formerly, in the time of pa.. J1 j., aor. as above, (K,) ganismn,] put upon the head of the She-camel [that untrue; (., Myb, ;') as also to . (S.) part. (g.)...He pulled off the leavs, was] confined [to perish] at the tomb of a dead and so the inf. n., (TA,) You say also, ,& *4,4i.3 tHe forged a lie (1K, TA,) and the bark, or peel, (TA,) from the person. (Lth.) - [Also The pod, or oblong cap. ogaintt him. (A, .K, TA.) And tJ3 jJ trees (1.,TA) with his hand [in the manner above sle or pericarp,of sesamum and the like: pl. as And t2,,Ul tlatforging a lie]. (A.) [Hesaid described]. (TA.) It is said in a prov., ^-i. above. Used in this sense by writers on botany, (A,) tIleforged r.x I [Before one can attain it he has to strip and in the spoken language of the prmsent day.] j;J, (A, ],) and t*L,', the saying. (A,J - *) o , (~, V,) aor. :, the tragacanth of its leaves by grasping each _Scc also 1j. (],) inf. .. . Jn, (S, A,) He (a man) was branch and drawing his hand down it: i. e. he pl. of hungry and cold: (, A:*) or hungry in cold. has to perform what will be extremely difficult, if [A maker, or eller, of ;i (V.) Being hungry without being cold is not not impossible]. (S, TA. [In the g and L in art. ]a ; rel. n. formed from a pl., like 1;. termed bj, : but being cold without being .. , we find a,i i .]) You say also, ; ,l I. (TA.) hungry is termed ,d. (S.) He pulled off the grapes, or the like, from th the LI_. One whose occupation is to rem bunch writh all his/ingers: (AHcyth:) or he put 5: see 1, in four places, near the end. the bunch in his mouth and drew forth its stalk bark, or peel, of wood, or sticks, and to pl it, 8: ee 1, near the end. bare; as also . l.' (15.) It is said of Mo- or make it eve, (,) wit the I,,., which is (8, V) A j.~. (., A, Mqb, 1) and ,*. bt [.He used to also called I. and ax, (TA in a. s,) or .Lt J iammad, tL .ll ring: (Mlb:) or a ring of gold, and of ilver: eat grapes by putting the bunch in his mouth and with the hand. (TA in the prsent art.)..(8, 5:)or an ear-ring with one bead, (A, TA,) draringforth its stalk bare: or by stripping [Hence, in modern Arebi,A tr of wood &e.]






,Ih' (TA in art. k,

~lThe iron instrument with wrhich the tThe point of a sword: whence,] the name of a certain sword. (1.)] performs hisr ork; also called ; and ;.

!im," I would do what thou desirest]. (TA.) _ .l.Jt j - [Hence, i~l"l -. The ' palm-tree lost the stumps of


[Booz f.

q. v.)

,.. [pasw. part. n. of 1]._ t A man (TA) having a scanty beard: (., TA:) [or you say,] ..- 1jl ; .. j.; tA mnan having a beard in which is length n,ithout breadth. (f.) And i.L, .'.J tA beard that is scanty in its side, (I,) or, correctly, in its two sides, (TA,) and lank and long in the part on and beneath the chin. (J.).- tA face in whiich is length :, TA) without breadth. (TA.) You say, 'ji a,l br+ tA man .hose face has length ,,ithout breadth. (s.) -,";. ; fi A narrow
well. (A, TA.) - [E,L and f mathematics, signify A cone.] ~ib/': see what next precedes. ., in

[t.~,9,~4, in mathematics, Conical.]

1L Q. 1.

n. .;., (Tn,) , (g,) inf nIe
[or nose, &c.]: or he

hit, or struck, his .. trwisted it. (1.)

Q. 3.. l IIe (a man, TA) elerated' hi;s noe: (g:) or twisted it, and nwas silent, in his anger: (TA:) and was proud and angry, (1, TA,) raising his head. (TA.) ,>inand ,.Lz see,Z.

Lg/. Long, or tall: (JK, 1:) or long. nosed. (TA.) And A maii haring a largenose. (1IKh, I13.) (IDrd, TA,) in the 1 s ,.which is a mistake, ';-" in its proper art. in the TA]: (. :) or he Aij,. The nose, (AZ, JK, 8, Msh, K,) [pro- (TA,) and j.., (Ibn-'Abbdd, l,) [and qunasi- otigqinated it; invented it; dlevised it; excogiperly,] accord. to Tb, of a beast of prey: (TA:) inf. n. .,., which see below,] He was, or be- tated it; innovated it; made it, did it, produced or thefore part the,eof: (. :) or a large, or an came, suiplle in the joints: (IDrd, ]:) and it it, caused it to be or exist, or brouyhlt it into exelevated, nose: (MIA :) or the part upon rwhich a (a thing, TA) was, or became, soft, yieding, istence, newly, for the first time, it not having nan contracts, or closes, the . [or upper and flaccid, fiabby, lax, or firagilc. (.) -_ , been or exited before, and sot after the similitude lower portions of the mouth;: as also ,,];; (8, 0, ,) (S, 15,) aor. , (K,) [inf. n. , app. signifies of anything preexisting; syn. ; (/.;) sometimes, by poetic license, written and ,.!,, (8, 0,) or e.!. (. ) You say, the samne as t*: (see C., below:) and also] t .,y.: 5 (TA:) or it signifies also the part He (a man, 1, IAth) was, or became, weakl, or ; i1l1 E,; .I God originated, brought into upon which contracts, or closes, the front of the infirm; (, IAth, f.;) as also t,~Ljl: (Lth, existence, or created, the things [that exist], nithlgs1.: (JK:) [and a snout: often used in this ] :) he nas, or became, weak, or infirmn, in body, out any means, or scond cause. (TA.) And sense; and so, in describing the fish termed after firmness, strength, or hardiness: (IAsr:) /; jd.:i Heforged afalsehood. (A, TA.) .a, in the ? and 1:] and the proboscis of and he (a man, Lth) was, or became, languid, or an elephant; and, as being likened thereto, of a languishing,or broken in spirit; syn. J'y l; as &A A mark in the ear of a sheep or goat; t (Lth,K :) and [in like manner] the upper part [.1I, for which we find in the flea: (Th, TA:) pl., l.~. (M 9b.) ".-0?, also ,ail: _he (a man) nas, or became, relaxed, or CS UI&,] of the animal's ears being cut ( .. ,L;.J! ts, in the ]ur [lxviii. 16], means , %[ We will brand him] upon the nose; the nose of flaccid, and nweak,.or infirm, and soqft, or tender. in the C.K I ,) lengthwvise, so that the ear a man being thus termed metaphorically: (I?d, (TA.)-tHe (a man) was, or became, r'eak becomnes three pieces,'and the middle pie~e hangs TA:) or it is like the phrase &hJ -,.c; - ) in his opinion, after beinp strong. down upon the cavity of the ear. (15, TA.)~ and means twe 'rill stigmatize him with indelible dis. (IA9r.)- Also, (Sh, IAth,) inf n. j', (Sh, Supleness of the joints: (IDrd, ]K:) and softgrace; the term ., which signifies the g,) tHe (a man, Sh, lAth) became confounded, neSS, yieldinness, flaccidity, flabbiness, laxness, "proboscis" of an elephant, being applied to his or perplexed, and unable to see his right course; or fragility, (S, .,) in a thing. (S.) [See nose because it is regarded as unseemly: (Er- or bereft of his reason or intellect, in consequence S.]-_: Cowardice; and weaknes, or feeblelPghib, TA:) or it means t [we ntill brand him] of shame, or fear, or grief, or the like. (Sh, ness, andl languor, or languidness; in a man. upon the face. (Fr, Tb, TA.) - [Hence, tA lAth, 1.) Hence the saying ofAboo-TMlib, when (TA.) [See also .] spout. You say] ,j. s i, , u ;., t [The death overtook him, [and he was urged to make Jo$ is a veel hauing a spout]. (Mgh in art. profession of EI-Islaim,] ;Sw3 j; 6 t l,-0 ) ) ,? (S, 1) and (0) Weah, or infir; &, and B! and Jel in lvi. 18.) - [Hence also, .d JI *Ap t1 [Were it not for fear that (S, i ;) applied to a man: (.:) anything weak; t The pointed toe of a boot and the like: pl. as Kureysh would say, " Confusion," &c. "put him and soft, yielding,flaccid,.flabby, law, orfragile: above: see I~.' Jid., below ..... And app. into a state 'from which there was mno escape for I (O ) also the former, applied to a young camel,

also,,] 1.i! l tle chiefs of the people or its lopped branchs [from its trunk, which thus party; (JK, 8;, , TA;) those vho are made the became comparatively smooth]. (., ~.) foremost of the people or party, in affairs, (JK, 5: see 1: _and 7. TA,) and in the militaryforces. (JK.)_Also 7. , i~ l It became cut, or divided, lengthriwe; Wine: (JK, 8 :) or wine that quickly intowicates: (K :) and the juice that first flows from the it became slit, or split; it slit, orrplit. (8.) And i8ll .. jam.il Tlhe pear-shaft split, and broke grapes, before they are trodden. (..) into pieces, or into small pieces. (4.)_I. q. , l~. A woman advanced in age. (M, ].) &.1; (1K;) a dial. var. of the latter; as in the [ 'gA.L Elongated like a snout or nos; and phrase e;S ¢l...JdI [His shoulder-blade became dislocated]. (S.) You say also, .L &;.c J, i so, app., .',_ .: see a verse cited voce .s )11The limbs qf the camel became displaced; Hence,] 4J.... j .l [in the sing. ~ ji . as also 1 :.-. (TA.) -See also two signifi(occurring in the K in art. i q. q.)].l.) cations above, voce td., in two places. t.eb,; i. e. t [Boots] having their for parts [Whence,] J J.J t1I became gentle, or pointed. (TA.) mild, to himn. (TA.) ,,3yje: see thce next preceding paragraph. 8. Z1I: see 1, first signification. - Ire Also Angry and prtoud, with his head raised: broke it off; namely a branch, or piece of wood, (S:) or angry w,hen his nose is twirted. (JK.) from a tree. (TA.) - lie cut it o.ffbr himself; [See fli, in art. y.] or took it; namely, a man's property, &c. (TA.) - lie acted treacherously towardsd him, (AbooSa'eed,K,) and took of his property; (1 ;) as also ', with j. (TA.).-He expended it; 1 , (8,) aor. ", :,(g,) inf. n. ( ,) exiausted it; caused it to pan away and come Hle cut it, or cdicidaed it, lengthwise; slit it; split to an eul, or to cease; or made an end of it. it (S, 1;) as also o.l ))_.j( (1 i (ISh, .)- I tJ, ,l He made use of, or ;LWI, aor. and inf. n. as above, IHe slit the car rode, the beast of anothrperson for some days, of the sheep, or goat: or he slit it in the middle, anl then restored it. (Ibn-'Abbid, ].) m He cutting the upp)er part thereof lengthwise, so that did it, or produced it, without premedituation; it became three pieces, and the middle pice htung syn. .3j!: (TA:) or-&"I [app. here meandown upon the cavity of the ear. (TA.) ing he constructed it, orfounded it, (Lt) without , aor. , inf. n. l. (IDrd, ) and 21D, preameditation;this meaning being one assigned to







Ij . They >j?6. (TA.) tou say,. . l remained, stayed, or abode, in their 1J,. t(or garden, or walled garden of palm-trees,] in the time of the gathering nf the fruit. (TA, from a L4.i IYe were rained upon trad. of 'Omar.) by the rain called J I. (S, .) And ,J.

neak; or, as some say, small, tldat is [or may be] t,W [I.. . I'ice, or immorality; or vitious, or raised, or lifted: and, applied to a branch, soft, immoral, conduct; &c]. (v.) tender, or supple. (TA.) Uijd. ;tl A sheep, or goat, having the mark 0 !t signifying af 8a sobsL from ;:,1 termed [q. v.] in the ear. (v.) J4.,1 [&c.; app. meaning A thing done, or produced, nithout premeditation; &c.; like -J




a syn. of

q. v.]. (TA.) caz (1) and ,L.c. (TA) and V and ~i; (I) A branch, or twig, until a year old; or of a year's growth: or fresh, or juicy, and tall: (IS, TA:) or (TA) soft, or tender, and of recent grorvth, (n, TA,) that has not yet become hard: (TA:) or t ... ~. [is an epithet, and] signifies a bending branch or twig.

, and , and a t.n ] Also, [i. e. all the words above,] (g,) or '* .~ , (Mgb, 1,) inf.n. j .; m (., [only], (TA,) A young woman of goodly make, L, Myb, ]i,) aor. soft, or tender: (g :) or a young woman large Meb;) and J;i., aor. '; and Jji, aor. '; in body, and of goodly make: or soft, or tender, ( ;) lie (a man,8,Myb) doted; or was, or and pliant: (TA:) or fair, tender, or pliant, became, corrupted, rendered unsound, or die.ft, large in body,Jfiehy, with mmall, or delicate, ordered, in his intellect; (S, Mb, ;) in conL$5~ I; accord. to Ibn-Jezlch, the best thereof is bones: (IS :) or fair: (TA :) or soft, or pliant, sequence of old age. (Q, Mqb.) [The first of these that called ^,l I; it has the property of loosen- in the waist, and tall: (As,TA:) or large in three verbs, in the present day, is used as meanand ing lie doted; toll stories such as are termedl ing phlegqm, and it is usq/fd for counteracting the the body, and fleshy: (TA:) or t i.i.. colic and palsy and the [disease in theface called] tai.c. signify a girl slender in the bones, (., .M.U., i. e. fictions, &c.; and talked nonsense: [app. Stories 1 .At. l ,j&s.] (TA.) The TA,) having much flesh, (TA,) and soft, or as also ;U, the dose extending to a Jl.. or e. ,iJI, ; (Myb;) and J tender: (S,TA:) or a young woman of goodly such as are termed ,..1.l,i. word is of the measure J says [in the S] that there is no other word of the stature, resembling a twnig (a 4.) of a year's .fictions, &c., caused hlim to dcte, or talk nonsame mensure except ;s, whichli is the name growth. (Lth, TA.) And ,nI. signifies A soft, sense]. (JK, TA.* [Mentioned in the former immediately after ilOJ explained as meaning of a certain valley; but to this have been added or tender, body. (TA.) And A tall and flhy "a fiction that is deemed pretty." See also 4.]) ;, the name of a certain mountain; and ;, man. (K.) the name of a certain valley, and nota mistranscrip ie attributed to him ., infn. . ,., 2. . : see above, in three places. tion of ; 3 s.; and JJ ', a dial. var. of Jji. ,.; -, (81, TA,) i. e. [dotage; or] a corrupt, an see se: , in two places. - Also A (TA.)_ [Hnce also] a;&,. j.1r. A beautiful, tall and well-made camel: (S:) or a tall and unsound, or a disordered, stateqf intllect. (TA.) m See also 1, near the end of the paragraph. anid .of,or tendler, woman: and [the pl.] largeshe-camel: and one having much mila. (1..) nia)plied to women, signifies [the same, or merely] 3. Jj¶.i, (K,) inf. n. j'W. and Jl_,., (TA,) : see c , in two places.- Also A lie bargained, or made an engagement, with A .l . is likewise applied beautfifel. (TA.)-And to youth, or youthfiltness, and to life, meaning piece of a gourd, and of a cucumber, and of fat; him,for worh,for the it;j. [or autumn]; ( C;) . as in the L &c.: in the g written SJft, or delicate. (TA.) ;tl from .At ; (0, a.JI, like from J (TA.) : see &L. - Anything that quickly . (., TA) T1 and iU!: TA ;) as also breaks. (TA.) - Soft; applied to a lip (aU,): .ai. ,~. l and Ui; [He hired him, and so (TA:) andpendulous; applied to thelipofacamel. inf. n. ;,(;, Mb,) (8, Mqb, K,) aor. as a hired man or a hirsling,for the 1. J>^, or took him (, '.*) - Applied to a woman, (8, Msb, K, (Lb, TA.) a,tumn]. . and ,.. and j_p"; TA,) Youtlthid, and soft, tender, or delicate: or J-..(Mqb,lg) and beautifil: (TA:) or that wralks with an affected (1 ;) and * JJ,..; (S, Msb, I ;) He gathered, of the palm-tree, It attained, or 4. Ji,.., &said bentling of the body, and with softness, or delicacey: or plucked, fruit: (, 1k :) or cut it off. (Mqb.) nearly attained, the time for its fruit to be cut (Mb :) or that affects a bending of the body by Accord. to the M, J.1 . Jli . signifies tie cut off. (JK, K.)-And, said of a people, or ilrty, as off the fruit of the palm-trees: and accord. to They entered upon the [enason called] AJi.. K;) rea.on of softness, or delicacy; (Ay, , . also 1 ,dy. and ' i i.0: (Ibn-'Abbad,]g:) or AHn, t o said of a ewe, or s,a.i1, 1l signifies the picking up the fruit (S, 1..) See also 1. t ritious; or immoral; or an adnlteres; or a of the palm-irees, whether unripe or rite. (TA.) she-goat, She brought fforth in the [season called] .fornicatre; (., g;) but this explanation is (S,.K.)- Said ofa she-camel, She brought __ ... U~ ,.iiS, (R5,) aor. ', inf. n. J, ., (TA,) ,... disallowed by Ay: (. :) or t that doe: not repel fo.th in the like of the time [of the year] in for swh a one, dates (1J), or the hand of a feeler, or toucher; as though she lie picked up, which she became pregnant (S, ) in the preceding him; as also fruit (WJ), accord. to different copies of the 1]: year: so says El-Umawee: ( :) [or, so applied, were gentle, or mild, ( ',)to "; '> it means the same as when said of a ewe or shefrom Sh. (TA.).lwith i: or hard, or t impudent, not caring for He depastures, and eats, said of a lamb, means goat; for] the epithet applied to her in this case what is said or done, and inordinately brisk, from this place and fromn this. (Mqb, TA.*) is ,.s.; (., 1 ;) but this is more correctly lively, or pridhtly: pl. and and And jj&., said of a man, (JK, TA,) aor. , explained as signifying, applied to a she-camel i.j. (TA.) Also t One who induccs, or is an (JK,) or ', (TA,) He took of the J.> [app. and to a ewe or. she-goat, that brings forth in the object of, ~spici~ on; beeause such a person fears, meaning the choice part] of the fruits. (JK, and is therefore as though he were weak. (TA.) TA.)~j.b. also signifiet He remnained, stayed, .4;q.. (TA.) -Also, said of ;ji [or millet], It became eary tall. (JK, Ibn-'Abbbd, ].)_ [as a subst.,] A branch; because of its -Also, or abode, in the [meason called] .Ajk: (yHam AiLi Ij&l He auigned to him a palm-tree of softnm, or tendernes, and its bending. (TA.) p. 676:) and in like manner, t tW.~.l they re- which he showld cut, or gather, the fruit. (Lth, U.tL a dial. var. of u*b., which is syn. writh mained, stayed, or abode, in a place during thAeir 1g.) Also, (said of anxiety, JK, or of time, 1 0

ej. Any weak, bending plant, of whatever kind it be: (AV, $ :) any plant weak, or fragile, (..a,) and sappyJ, whether it be a tree or a herb. (TA:) a plant weak by reason of its softnen, or tenderners, and soppines. (Sgh.) [See also s. ]_l Hence, as some say, (TA,) [The ricinus communis; common polma Christi; or castor-oil-)plant;] a certain plant, (S, Msb, rell known, (s,) soft, tender, or pliant, w,) (Mqb,) not servingfor pasturage, (K,) bearing a jl berry resembling sparrows' egg., called

(S.) [Compare

e.'l,w (S,) inf. n. ;., (TA,) The land was rained upon by the rain so called. (., TA.) And .;91 jt . The beasts were rained upon by the rain so called: or had that upon which they might pasture produced for them by that rain. sj.O, aor. :, lIe (a man, TA) tra., or (TA.) ~ became; fond of, or addicted to, the eating of a., (]g,) i. e. gathered, or plucked, fruit (e, ., TA) of the palm-tree. (TA.) -~. , (S,



72C or fortune, TA,) It corrupted him, or disordered him; (4, TA;) [app., in his intellect; or caused him to dote; as is indicated in the JK ;] namely, an old man. (JK.) 8: see 1, first and second sentences.
. A corrupt, an unsound, or a disordered, J state of the intellect; dotage. (g. [See j of which it is the inf.n.])-_The [bad sort of] (:,0 TA.) dates called e.

-tpd(MIRh, TA: [see 1:]) fem. with i: (1 :) pl. (of pauc., TA) ir.i1 and (of mult., TA) XAi/. (Myb, K, TA.) The latter pl. is sometimes used as meaning t Y'oung and ignorant persons; like as A.tb is used as meaning aged and learned persons. (TA.) And hence the prov., '3j"yJlb [Like the lamb: wherever t5L he reclines, he reclines upon weool]: (JK, TA: but in the latter, %l:) applied to him who leads a soft and delicate life. (TA.). Also, (sometimes, $,) A colt; the male offspring of a mare; vwhen he has attained the age of six twnths, or seven months; ($, ]g;) a meaning assigned to it by As, in the "Book of the Horse;" but unknown to Abu-l-Ghowth: (S:) or, until a year old: (ISk, K :) it is said by some to be applied of to a horse: in the L it is said that thie .j tie [season in forth brought as is hlorses is such but Khilid Ibn-Jebeleh says that called] .. s,.: it means such oa pastures upon the [herbage of the sason called] ... ,4.: and Suh thinks that it is an epithet applied to a horse, and any beast, as meaning that depastures the trees and heriage. (TA.)

[BooK I.

.Si Corrupted, unsound, or disordered, ic his intellect, (,., Mlb, 1],) in consequence of old age; doting: (S, Mb :) fem. with U. (TA.) J). A time of going forth of camels, (Nh,) or of men, (0, 1,) to the [herbage of the season so in the saying of El-Jirood, called] i: J;4 ;I ED; [0 Apostle of God, verily thou knorest that a number such as is termed 1.3, of camelsfor riding or carriage, rherteon me conre in a time of going forth &c., is not sufficient for u]. (Nh, 0, X.)

i z ; then, the t&/'t; then, the follows the 0js.: and ; then, the then, the . ~*~; therefore the year is made to consist of six seasons: accord. to AHn, [who seems in this matter to differ from most other.,] %.ujiJIis not originally the name of the division of the year; but the name of the rain of the Jii [or summer]; and then the season was named thereby. (TA.) [See also .'.]_ [Also The herbage of th mason so calletl, or of the rain so called; like as signifies the "herbage of the season, or of the rain, so called." So in the phrase used by Khailid ), it Ibn-Jebeleh (in explaining the word .j AJji..]the oC Such as pastureaupon 1u.Jl Also, accord. to AA, (TA,) A rivulet, streamlet, or sauall channelfor irrigation. (JK, ], TA.)
iq. q. v. (Mgh, .)- Hence i.q. ii, i. .iti..meaning Stories that are deemed pretty: (Mgh :) [or] ;l. similar to iisit from i.t: (S, Mgh, l,) of [the was the name of a man, the Jinn (or whom ],) ($, tribe of] 'Odhrah, as the Arabs ]p,) Mgh, (, fascinated, Genii) assert, (Mgh,) and carried off, (TA,) and who related what he had seen, (., Mgh, 1,) of thlem, when he returned, (Mgh,) and they pronounced him a liar, and said, ($, Mgh, ,) of a thing that j,J,mm. [a story of was impossible, (Mgh,) il. it is related of but Khur,feh]: (8, Mgh, 1g:) the Prophet, that he said, o~. li&., ($, Mglh,) meaning TVAat Khlurfehs relates [as heard] from the Jinn [is true]: (Mgh:) the j is withont teshldecd; and the article Jt is niot prefixed, becamsc the word is determinate [by itself], unless one mean thereby .;AGf. as signifying fictictio,s night-stories: ($:) or 4l. signifies a Jictitiousstory that is deemed pretty: (Lth, K:) .. 1. app. signifies the same as .,.. [and t as though its sing. were ais.l, like as iLI and .iL1, which have similar moanings, are pls. of which the sings. are said to be .j.nk.,I and L~p.1j:] see 1, last signification. ~li3j: see what next follows. of A palm-tree (Ul) a4i&. and *.' rohich a man gathers, or plucks, the fruit for 1._: himself and his household; as also V (AIjn :) or a palm-tree which one takes for tie picking up of its fresh ripe dates: (8h, 0, ]:) or the latter signifies a palm-tree of which the fruit is cut off; being of the me sure i in the sense of the measure J : and the former is said to signify one that is et apart for its fruit that is [to be] gathered, or plucked: (TA:) or a selected palm-tree: (JK:) and its pl. is signifies palm. (JK,TA:) or _/0'l J!,: fruit that is of the trees wvhereof the quantity upon them is computed by conjecture. (AZ, 8, 1.]) Also, the former, [A R. [See alo palm-tree set in the manner dc~ribed in the following explanation:] one's digging, for a palm-tree, in a water-course, or channel of a torrent, in which are pebbles, until reaching hard ground, and then filling up the hollow with sand, and setting the palm-tre therein. (0, ~.)

aij.. Gathered, or pluched, fruits; (Q, Mgh, g ;) and particularly of the palm-tree: (TA:)



Fresh ripe dates, (K, TA,) or fruits [in -Zj

signifies the same. (Mgh, 1K, TA. generai], (S, TA,) gathered, or plucked; (, .K, and t 1,. (8, TA. See also j&., [See also LJ,..]) It is said in a trad., )..JI TA;) as also ?_.,j. hence, i..]) -And see S.£ [Dates are the gatheredfruit of the last sentence. [And .,tll the f.raster]; (8, TA;) because breaking the fiust upon : Fresh milk; milk recently drawn from whereof (J.j) Palm-trees TA.) (Ir, udder. them is approved: and in another, ij.i i.Jl the quantity of the fruit that is upon them is AldJI, meaning The palm-tree is that of whiclh romputed by conjecture. (K. [See also _0l" the fruit is eaten by tf efaster. (TA.) See also voce Ai/j.]) - [The autumn;] one of the dici. _, last sentence. sions of the year, (S, Mgh,) the division (Msb) &1;, &c., or C ;..>The I.t4,(i. e. ;, [ronsisting of] three months betmeen the end of accord. to different copies of the K, [see art. the k5 [or summer] and the beginning of the .1, . -,]1) a nell-known grain or seed, (AHn, K,) [or vinter], (Lth, R,*) in which the fruits are [i. c. pulse]: (AHn:) gathered. (Ltlll, S, Mgh, Mb, K.)-And hence, ft' the kind caUlled &.i an arabicized word, from ;, (AI.n, g,) which (Mgh, TA,) tA year: (Mglh, K, TA:) so in the is Persian; also called ..;. (Alln.) and ~is;* .L.: see what next follows. Oe,1 jtOl, i. e. [hVIosofasteth c;~- 1: i. a tlay in the way of God, God rill remove him from the fire of Hell] to the distance ofa journey! of forty years, or seventy. (Mgh: and similar exs. are given in the TA, from three trads.: see also an ex. voce el.) -Also The rain of the season so called: (S, I :) or the rain, (JK,) or the.first of the rain, (EL,) in the beginning of the which comes at the .1UZ [or wointer], (JK, ,) time of the cutting off of the fruit of the palm"_'.,at the coming in of trees: then follows the and the winter; then, the j; then, the ; so says As: El-Ghanawec says then, the _: that the c.. is betrreen the [auroral] rising of k$'r1! [or Sirius, which commenced, in central Arabia, about the epoch of th e Flight, on the 13th of July, O.S.,] and the [auroral] setting of UjJ0~ l [or ,1MI, the 26th and 27th of the .Mansions of the Mfoon, commencing, in the same region and period, on the 8th and 21st of Selt., O.S., and continuing thirteen days]: El-Ghowr and Rekeeyeh [? (imperfectly written)] and Ellijaz are all rained upon by the L..-; but Nejd is not: AZ says, the first rain is the ~. 3; then

Mt(S,K,) the latter a , (, Mgb, i.~j& and (Msb,) and V.I.., former, the contraction of (I,) Of, or relating to, the season called L4 ; (, M.b, g;) and applied to the rain of that season; (JK;) rel. ns. from ,..JI; ($, Mab, !i;) iI-egnlarly formed. (S, Mgb.)-The first [of sheep and also signifies The increase (t) goats] in the end of the [season called] Uii. (Aboo-Nayr, TA voce .j.,, q. v.)

Ji.- and 'SL . The time of the gathering,
or plucling, offruits: (Ks, g:) like ;l,._ and in ~;L; [&c.]. (TA.) -- Also inf. ns. of J. the first of the senses explained above. (K.) ,.t;.: see Ji, see the next preceding paragraph: and last sentence.


lamb; syn.


[q. v.]: (S, Msb :)

or the male young one of the sheep-hind: or such as has pastured, and become strong: (Lth, ]:) (Lth, TA:) so called younger than the tj.: because it depastures from this place and this:

.# I.] BooKe

~- 3 hence, 1. ( (A'Obeyd:) or theysay it means troumers reaching ijar p. 374;) called by the Arabs t.: , 1 A keeper, or wratcher, of palm-trees: ([, gar foot. (..) And u~pper part of thes lo to the 'Var [lar ( ib. :) a [basket of the hind called] JL, (V:) pL jii . (TA.) A plentiful fe0. (..)And 'Mob,) J.j, of small size, in which the bet 3you say, & M.b,) or and seeU5&; and see 1, last signifi- [ rresh fresh ripe dates are gathered: (0, ]:) pl. Also The bast of food, or of meat and drink; 1 cation. ! o V i'. and .Jk j ., (Er-Riy(mhee.) . =jl.. (A&,TA.) One says, jj.jlLgJI J94" i. e. They vent forth to the gardens .",Lt~, i. ,.sL The place of the gathering, or plucking, vith n of vith the basketU (J) [for atheringfruit]. (A, or cutting off, of fruit. (M§b.) A place rA.)rA.)_And hence, tThe basket (,K.Jj) in which I . L - *,tJK,~, Mgh,M,b,.g,) aor.: (Mglh, abode of a people, or party, during their lhe importunate beggar puts his Jbod. (var ubli i MS.b, O) nd -, (1i,) the former of which is the (TA. [It is there added, "as though formed the iuprL) ) lupra (TA,) inf. n. ;., (9, Mgh, MVb, more chaste, mp~)~-* from Iphiz, by the rejection of the augments*'.a a hole init, perforatedit, pierced He made KL,) IUJ.i.-: i..: ee _e ,in six places. tive letter :" but it is rather to be regarded as (Mb,* KL ;) eyn. °I. [in this it; bored it, or 0 _Also regularly formed, from 1i3>y: see 1]) : see _i.. ~Also Rained upon by sewe, u well as in another to be explained below], j/.t j3J.;.1U'AL_*: (S, A garden; (Mgh,TA;) and so V he .; pl., applied to men, (]9 [in the Ci-, erroneouly, e ;.,]) and 4 : t rain called or a garden of palm-trees; as alsoVJ* as to wake a holeor a (TA:)and he cut it [O ik3 &.: (TA:) [so, too, applied to a beast:] (TA:) a single palm-tree: or a and #5.: he resnt it, or tore it. and :) (Mb it]: dit in ind 9.) (A4, (k.&,l). land to ;, applied and so, with fewr palm-trees, up to ten; more than these being E ;! s., (JK, S, i~, KL.) You say, , (JK, jJW" Denied,or reused,good, or prosperity; j" or a 4a_: (El-garbee, TA:) 1i; termed a C above, (Mgh,) n. s ],inf. [and' Mgh,L,)aor. Proven wee also Ad: or a smaU collection of palm- 1 prevented, or withheld,from obtaininggood, good He[made tore, the garor rent, or] i, a hole fortune, or utenance; (R ;) i. q. Jj'm.*; (JK, fortune, trees, six or seren, which a man purchasesfor TA;) net, or piece of cloth; (JK, 1;) and JLJI (TA.) j'... the fruit that is [to be] gathered, or plucked: or TA;) as also iil.R". [tlhe boot]; and the like. (Mgh.) And ,S. any coUection of palm-trees: (L, TA:) or a r~.. He made a hole in therock; syn. : -. waUed garden of palm-trees: (lAth, TA:) or He made a [...) [And ij3_ll (A in art. palm-trea[absolutely]: (Mgh :) and an avenue o' Q. (TA,) i3.., n. inf. g,) , (L, d , Q. 1. d,q.jj hole in, or through, the rmall: see j,.., below.] between two rows of palm-trees, such that one may i. .' He made a hole in it or gather, or pluck, thefruit from whichever of them He tooh it plentifflly, or largely. (L, i.)And ,l He food, namely, hind; the best of it to be He made it, pierced it, or bored it, and, it, perforated : (Sh,I6:) through 9ii as also (1i;) he will; or or meat and drink. (Er-Riyashee.) with a drill or the like; syn. 4. (Meb in art. (S,K,) a road, ($,Mgh, g,) as also t1iJ, 4 * : see -;anand 824: (S,Mgh, K,) such as is conspicuous, clear, or Ch& .mm.) 'l. Jl ji. [He made a hole in the ship], W17 9 is It TA.) (Mgh, in the gur xviii. 70, means that he did so by 1. open: (Is:) pl. J and 8* and t81>^ [app. j: and taking out, from the ship, with an axe, (Kehb, B4, iac,.itJIlc " said in a trad., 411 s8i but Jel,) a plank, (Jel,) or two planks. (Ksh, BI.) and . and ^ if_., i. c. The visitor of the sick is as but in the C . .,,] 0~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ,)1 :j&., (JK, 9, MSb,) or [Hence,] A plentiful and pleasant state of though he rere in the gardensof Paradism until and 1t5.. CC" ,I) lIe travrsed, crosed, or (Mgh, ijki), he returns: or upon the palm-ttees of Paradise; life. life. i) (JK, $, Mgh, M.b, jour~eying, by cut through the upon gathering, or plucring, their fruits: or 0 to a 1],) applied epithet, (L, S, Myb,) or the deas an (JK, .Fat, land, or earth, the V,) some as or, TA:) (Mgh,* roads of Paradise: (JK,Mgh,];*) t*l; syn. (Mgh,1.;) sert; lamb . (L.)-SeealsoC sle.;. (TA. [See also lamb; as also' Cl... relate it, .JI t1' or the furthest reach to so as ;) Q.; (S, Mb another explanation, and other readings, in what 8.] It is Goodness also [See TA.) (Mgh, nutrior thereof part aliment, food, of i.J. follows.]) And it is said in a trad. of 'Omar, mmi, ment, or of meat and drink, with plenty. (TA.) said in the gIur [xvii. 39], wJ.j9$ ja,i.3 -Zj3, (S,) or vati* ,1 -Also _- Also inf. n. of the verb above. (TA.) meaning, For thou shalt not reach the extremi63 (TA,) i.e. [I have left you, or ye have been ties of the earth: or, accord. to Az, thou shialt see .,.:_ 5if. and see also W.77 left,] upon a conspicuous road, like the road of : see not traverse the earth in length and breadth: the camels, (An, S,0 TA,) which they have trodden (TA:) or it means thou shalt not bore tlrough with theirfeet so that it has become plainly appa·. >,A A flourishing andfreal condition, or the earth, (Jel,TA,) so as to reach the end theref': rent. (An, TA.) - Also Gathered, or plucked, tojknm, sojtness, or tenderness, of a plant, or of herbage. (Jel:) or thou shalt not make a hole in the earth fruit of palrntree4: (Ay, A 'Obeyd, IAmb, .:) (L) (L) _ See also what next follows. by thy vehement treading: (Ksh, Bd :) accord. to by a correct meaning, though IIgt 6ays that the (Ksh, TA.) - [An ,.>. see .- Also Fresh, or juicy; one reading, ,J sec *i: it is proper word in this sense is onlv .j_: cIrJ':j tThe wind passed along; and t blew: flourishing andfiesh, or soft, or tender; (L, r as meaning .flourishing ; and and like $i 0 ] ;) applied so ttt^.. and to a plant, or to herbage; for] the inf. n. js. significs tthe patsing of the and and . ; +wA and Jl. (L.) wind: and tthe blowing thercof. (KL.) [See and t8 .. may signifyfresh ripe dates gathered or pluched: and 1'5M. and also 7 and 8.] ,jJ.. :He forled, or ,JI the in So &c.) (As, above. as (lAmb, TA:) pl. [And meaning.] have a similar seems to v._. [And accord. (JI,TA.) It above 't 3;.1. as also lie; mentioned the trads. feigned, two the of former el-t says, S)] of the copy in a (so [El-Ajjaj r6jiz The interpretation this and (TA:) A'Obeyd: and As to : ,m.,, e t. is said in the gur vi. 100, ?;3 . ; · -,- ,, '. .O. · is corroborated by another reading, i. e., ,1& i.e. lAnd they have feigned Him to have, or to. # W~~o W;.; o^ Him, sons and daughters. (Mgh:) another reading is, ) Z1Z..JI falsely attributed to [app. meaning A girl that had attained to Jflou(Ksh, Bd, Jel. [See also 2.]) And i.f,. [alone, :] and another, dJ rishing, or soft, or tender, youthfulness]. [see a;1jt i2..: (s.) the object being understood], (K,) inf. n. as above, i. e. [The visitor of the sick L.1 *s 1' . w: - and (KL,) signifies IHe lied; told a lie: (~, KL, n f .... : .. and here 6Cssee shall have] gatheredfruits in Paradise. (TA.) 0 a j,..3 1he forged, or feignad, a lie. TA:) and V _9~:-and whtat here follows. *-.9- 1 inf. n. alJI :, aor. , TA.) (S, I., ase the next preceding paragraph. i. e. The sheep had in its ear a ajj, ' Ample: (I.:) applied to anything. ,-, see 4. . .. _ (Msb.)or perforation. hole rond a (TA.) It is said in a trad.,a'i.W.4 l J plJ4 or (JK,) ij$m., inf n. ]1,) ; (JK, aor. JI, J2w_- The thing in whichfriuils arcgathered; lle disliked, or disapproved of, amtple trousers:







Jj.; (Tg ;) and j.

inf. aJ. i, .

; (1 ;) Ile


[Boox J.
country, (EI-Muairrij,) in which the winds [blow, or] blow irregularly: (EI-Muarrij, ]: [see 7 :]) ISh says, the space between El-Baqrah and lafr Abee-Moosh is a 3,'., and that between En-

7: see 5, in two places.._ b. 1 J% .. 1 j,. a subst. from ., (S, Msb,) [or perhaps IThe wind blew [app. in any manner, (see inf. n. of as u. syn. with j.., (see 1,last two sent",) or] irregularly; not in one uniform tences,)] and t JP', (TA,) Roughness, unget~30 manner: (TA:) [and t.I.iL. app. signifies nes, clumsiness, or awkwardness; contr. of A; the same: for you say,] b1 d, j~ hi (JK, S,* Mgh, MSb,' ], TA;) in doing, or plexed, or amazed, [for . in the Cg, I read [tA wide country in nawhich the ninds blo,, making, a thing: (Mb :) unshilfulness in work, ;., as in other copies of the K and in the or blow irregula,rly]: (El-Muirrij, TA:) and and in the management of affairs: foolithnsu; TA,] opening hiJ eyes, and looking: (], TA:) stupidity; or unsoundness, or deficiency, in inand he remained confounded, or perplexed, and ;tj ei t3w 1 r; Ij e I [app. meaning, utnable to see his right course, by reason of anxiety, in like manner, tA wide land in which the winds tellect or und(erstanding; as also t J.3: (] :) and ignorance. (TA.) f Hence,] y TAe Th.JI &c.. (s, g.) or of hardship, or distress. (TA.) :. j blowv,V sleep of [tlhe time of morning caUlled] tAe - . 8. J,,.1l :Ie, or it, passed through, or over, [Hefell down and clave to the ground], occurring Tl'he or across. (Mgh, K,' TA.) [See also 1, in the (Har p. 223. [See also j.. and .Ld.]) in a trad., means hi fell down dead. (TA.)former first half of of these the paragraph.] words is also IHe pl. traversed, of 3j~.l' and of aor. :, (JK, $, MSb, g,) inf. n. M"'; (9, aod, M.b, ] ;') and jj&., aor. , (JK, ],) [of which or crosed, (Mgh,TA,) a desert, (Mgh,) or a [its fem.] i' . (1K.)~Also The she-camel's *#P land, (TA,) not following a road. (Mgh, TA.) vulva. (JK.) , said a, in the $ and Myb to be a simple subst., [t_le travelled a road: see an ex. voce *a.] Oa nxay be the inf£ n., like as _. is of ;] j& and 1 SLiberal, bountiful, mun.fiHe was rough, ungentle, clumsy, or awkward, IIe made a mosque, (Mgh, TA,) and a house, cent, or generous; (9, J;) as also * ,¢_.: (TA,) to be his iray, or thoroughfare. (Mgh, (9, Myb, I5,) in doing, or making, a thing: (IAr, K :) or t the second signifies very liberal (Myb :) and he was unshilful in work, and in the TA.) IfHence, qJIl 3jp;I tile entered into or bountfidl &c.: (J: [so in a later part of the managtaemnt of affairs: and he wasfoolish; stu- the mnidst of the _. [q. v.], nwithout going art. :]) or this and the first signify one who takes pid; or unsound, or deficient, in intellect or around the ._. (Mgh.) And 3.F. a wide, or an ample, range, or is profuse, in h; t,nderstanding: (4 :) or he was ignorant- (JK :) liberality or bounty &c.: (TA:) or a youth, or f - ;J ,)l o I The horses, or lhorsemen, or the latter verb signifies he know not his work young man, (JK,) excellent, or elegant, in mind, with his hand, or his handicraft. (MNb.) And pass through the midst of the intervening spaces manners, address, speech, person, and the like; i;J, ja. lHe ,w ignorant of the thing, (I, of the towrn, or villages, and the land. (TA.) or clever, or ingenious; with liberality, bounty, And .. l ',.Z.1 tI stepped into the midst of TA,) and did it not well. (TA.) munificence, or generosity, (Lth, JK, ]g,) and the people, or party. (TA.) And J j.. JI courage: (Lth, JK:) and a goodly youth or 2. a,, (S, Msb,) inf. n. . , (MSb, K,) t [The wind pastes, or blows, through the young man, [for ~.AJI in the CK, I read WI, is similar to ~J&., but has an intensive signifisignifies tThe pass- as in other copies of the K,] of generous disposication; [Ile made wholes in it; perforated it, trees.] (JK.) eA! j$! pierced it, or bored it, in several, or many, places: ing [or bloni.mig] of the winds. ($.) [See also 1, tion: (K :) the pl. (of 3.., TA) is j1!1 [a p]. he cut it so as to make holes or slits in it :] (MAsb :) in the middle of the paragraph; and see 7.] of pauc.] () and or j!,;, (accord. to he rent it, or tore it, much,'or in several, or many, ,Jt 3j.. : see 1, in the middle of the pa- difi.lent copies of the ., [both anomalous, and places: (I, TA:) namely, a garment, (S,TA,) ramgraph. perhaps it is ,j1, agreeably with analogy,]) &c. (TA.) - And (TA,) inf. n. u above, 12: see 5. and jjd.; (K];) anrd the pl. of ts. isqs4..; (s,) tHe lied much. (lg, TA.) Aboo-Ja;far no broken pl. of it having been heard. (T, TA.) ,., originally an inf. n., of 1: (., Mgh, Mob, and Nifi' read, [in the 1Kur vi. 100,] W ,j Onc says also, jdl TA:) * $ £.A A hole, or perforation, (Mgb, Msb, KL,) t [.He has e;^.t ' t [And they have rerJ falsely attiin a garment, (S, TA,) and in a wall, (Msb, a liberal hand, largely beneficent]. (TA.) And buted to iim sons and daughters]. (TA. [See TA,) &c.: (Msb:) and a round hole, or perfJ- JlJt! ;S2t3 .. H:e is liberal, bountialso 1.]) 3 ration, in the ear of a sheep: (9, Msb:) p]. fa , omunficent, or generous. (TA. [But see 4. ~.ij. He (a man, $) caused him to be con- ).~ . (S, AMghl, Myb.) Hence the saying, ja. below.])_ j.../ is also applied to a founded, or perplexed, so that he atro unable to ll e [The hole was, or became, spear, meaning t iighly estemed or prized; see his right course; or caused him to be bereft wvide to the patcher]. (TA.) _- And A part that excellent; or rare. (TA.) of his reason, or intellect. (., .) has a hole made in it, or that is rent, or torn, of, 3jo.: see j5.. 5. j,.J quasi-pass. of si.; [thus signifying orfiom, a thing. (TA.) Also A desert; and It had holes made in it; became perforated, so tV'j : (1.:) or the former, a desert far ,3. [part. n. of I'., q. v.:] A young gazelle pitrced, or bored, in several, or mnany, piaces: extending, (JK, TA,) whether Icvel or not level: weak in the legs, (], TA,) cleaving to the ground, it became cut so as to have holes or slits made in and .thelatter, a wide desert in which tie winds and not rising: (TA:) a gazelle, or young gazelle, it: it becanme renlt, or torn, much, or in several, [blow, or] blow irregularly: (TA .) and the (Ig, TA,) when hunted, (TA,)frigktened, o .as or many, places:] (,0 1 :) as also ?3IlJI; former, (EI-Muarrij, g,) as also t.-b, (i,) to be unable to rise.: (3, TA:) and in like ,(.;) [or rather the latter, as is indicated in the signifies likewise a wide land, (,) or a wide manner a bird (1, TA) frightened, (O) or 1 1

remained in the house, or tent, not quitting it. (JK,g.)_ And .i., nor. , int.n. -,--said of a gazelle, or young gazelle, (Msb, Ig, TA,) when hunted, (TA,) or when overtaken by the dog, (IAqr,) It was filghtened, (MSb, ], TA, [in thc C6, j&a is erroneously put for 1 3A/,]) so as to be unable to go away, (Msb,) or so as to be unable to rise, (Q, TA,) and c/are to tei ground: (IAqr, TA:) and in like manner said of a bird, (Msb, 1,) it became frightened, (K,) or impatient, (TA,) so as to be unable toily away. (~, TA.) _- And hence, (M.b,) the same verb, (9, Mob, ]g,) withI the same aor., (Msb, K,) and the same inf. n., (9, Msb, j,) said of a man, (M.b,) He became confounded, or perplexed, and unable to se his right course; or he became bereft of his reason or intellect, because of fear, or of skame: (S, Msb, :) or ,e wvas confounded, per-

r, is quasi-pass. of .. , and thus signifies it had a hole made in it; became perforated, pierced, or bored: it became cut so as to have a hole or slit made in it: it became rent, or torn:] and .jj.i.I signifies the same [as the former or as the latter]: all said of a garment [&c.]: (S:) and t3j.jil signifies also it became wide, or expandedd (TA.)_ [Hence,] .1" 1 . d.J He took a wide, or an ample, range, or was profuse, in liberality, bounty, or munificence; syn. ,.~3. (S, K, TA.) -See also 1, in the middle of the paragraph. -And see what next follows, in two places.

Nibsj and Dareeyeh is a (Ig.) You say also .

(TA:) (s.: pl. js,-. tWj'. A Ajl far-

extending desert. (TA.) Andl .;.4) liJ ;U.>. and fi [}Ve have travetwd, in jour. neying to you, a wide land, or a ~ide land in which the winds blow, &c.]. (TA.) ~Also A certain plant, resemnbling the L* [q. v.], (JK, Ibn-'Abbd, Ig,) having leaves. (J/(, Ibn'AbbaiL)



Boox I.] impatient, (TA,) so as to be unable to fly away : (I, TA:) fem. with ;. (1.) - And [hence,] A man (Mqb) confounded, or perplexed, and unable to see his right course; or bereft of his reason or intellcet, by reason offear, or of shame: (9, Msb, ]g:) or confounded, perplexed, or amazed, olening his eyes, and looking. (X1,TA.) See also j .lI. ~ Also Asles: because they remain [cleaving to the ground] while the people thereof go away. (C.)
see M. blows long. ( K.)

a~ L, does not continue its course: (TA:) or that 3j, A certain bird, (JK, TDrd, 1f,) smaller than the J [or lark], (JK,) that cleares to the ground: (IDrd:) or a hind of slparrow: (1K:) so says AEI.4t, in the " Book of Birds :" (TA:) 1

*te, applied to a road, means [That does i~not cause one to be confounded, or perpleed, and ,nable to iee hi right course; or] in which one is not confounded, or perplazed, so as to be unable to se Ahi right course. (IAgr in TA: but the latter word is there written without the vowel of the j.)

pl. j1,.

(JK, IDrd, g.)

lt.M': see 3d', in three places.

G ·

[act. part. n. of jp.]. -

[And hence,]

a,. A piece, (9, M.lb, .K,) or piece torn off, (TA,) of a garment, or of cloth; [a rag;] pl. j,.. (S, Msb, TA.) -[A ragged, patched, garment: and particularly one worn by a deootee; also called au.., q. v.: but this is probably posthave for their pl. &3.l and [its fem.] /Li, The devotecs.] .,1..d, classical. Hence, 3.dJI A portion of a swarn of locusts, (1, TA,) ,d... (I.) - The fem., applied to a ewe, sig_ nifies Having her ear perforated ($, Mgh, Mqb, as also aj,.. (TA.) aJ.j; les than a p) with a round hole. (S, Msb.) And, applied C to an ear, Perforated,or bored. (TA.) -And ,S^: see the next paragraph: _ and see the masc, applied to a camel, That puts his also &,. [or toe] upon the ground before [the sole _. Lk.t A womb rent by thite fetus, and that ofj his J,. [or foot]: the doing of which is a consequently does not conceive (K, TA) after. result of generous quality. (JK, Ibn-'Abbad, in the sense K.) And tile fem., applied to a shc-camel, That wards; (TA;) [of the measure J°. t , in the L ,a; ',) does not retread (.ia (K.) [wvith her lind feet] the places of her [fore] feet ;]. as also ? .... of the measure 3 - And A she-camel whose womb has been rent. (JK, L, K) utpon the g,round: mentioned by Ibn(JK.) Applied to a ell (.), it signifies ,;'l 'ALbbid and Z. (TA.) _ Applied to a man, ppli ; ... : (JK, Ibn-'AbbAd, :) (Mgh, Msh,) Ro,yh, ungentle, clumsy,, or awk(JK.) Ac ward, (JK, S, Ms,,) in doing, or tnahing, a "-..: neither of these readings [in the C] thing: (Msb:) unshilful in n'ork [and in the affords an admissible meaning: the riglit reading 1' _ management of affairs (sce 3...]; as also t I believe to be ltrt; and the meaning, Of which

31~4 Z A sh,arp, or cutting, sword: pl. j-. t [An ta. .,; (TA.) [IHence also,] i;L~ event breaking through, or infjiiujing, the usual course of nature]. (KT, in a definition of j..~, q. v.) - [In the present day, tJ. signifies also tProfound,or penetrating,in learning or science.]

,1jr A kerchief twisted for the purpose of beating therewith: (JK, $:) a genuine Arabic word: ($:) or a thing made of twisted rags, with wohich boys play: (TA:) or a twisted herchief, or an inflated [shin suc as is terned] j, or tue like, with fwhich boys play, beating one another therewith: so called because it rends (ijm.) the air when they make use of it: (iaam (, TA.) 'Amr Ibn-Kulp. 702:) pl. '... thoom says,





1s ,,




[As though our swords, ours and thdirs, trer kerchiefs twisted for beating therewith, in the hands of players]: (s :) or j2Jl.d in this verse [written with tenween by poetic license] is the pl. of ;1.. signifying a wooden sword with which boys play: the poet means, we cared not for the smiting with the swords, like as the players care not for the smiting with the 0JWl.. (EM p. 198.) [See also another ex., in a verse cited voce 'Alee is related, in a trad., to have


tit side, or lateralpart, is broken,from the water pl. ,j. (JK, Ibn-'Abbid, ],, TA) *ipwards:] and ;%.., (Ibn-'AbbMd, ]., TA, [the latter erro-

neously written in the C1. ;jS.,]) like 1 ,L., and Ox. (TA.) - A channel of water that is
not deep, and not ,v;tlout trees. (JK, Ibn'AbbAd, ]g.) - The place of expandiltg of a lowu, or ralleyj, where it ends. (JK, g.)-A depressed, tract of land, containing herbage: p1.

of the said that the lightning is the ~jot.4l angels; (, TA;) meaning thereby the instruments with which the angels chide and drive the clouds. (TA.) -Also A garment, or piece of cloth. (JK. [But this I find not elsewllere.]) (.K :) or foolish; sfupid; or un- - And t A s,ord [in the ordinary sense of the and *J.: sound, or deficient, in intellect or untderstandilnq: word]: so in the A and O and L: in the K, (Mgh, K :) ignorant : (TA:) not hnoming his .e-JI is erroneously put for ieJIt. (TA.)_tA rrork with his hand, or his handicraft: (Msb:) man goodllI in body, or person, whether tall or fem. as above. (J K, 9, Mgh, Msb, &c.) It is not tall. (JRK, .. ) - tOne who falls not into a case wnithout escaping, or extricating himself, said in a prov., (JK, S,) , UXc ~ °.J [The stupid woman is not in want of an excuse]: therefrom. (Sh, TA.) t One nho exercises a.t (JK, S, K:) used in forbidding excuses: (g:) in the management of affairs. (1..)- ! A will i. e., excuses are many: the stupid woman is bull: (As, K:) so called because he traverses skilled in making them: how then must be the far-extending districts: (As,TA :) or because the clever? (S, 1p :) applied to every one who ex- dogs pursue him and he escapes from them: said

ljjtl Jld. (TA.).o.). in the A to be called 04h~- Oc [I pa.sed bly a low tract of land, cuses himself being able. (1g in art. rwho engages in wrars, or fights, and is t A man containing her.bage, betwe,en twro plain tracts con- t,3. applied to a desert, and to a land: see 3.., also 3./. (S, K.)-See active therein. taining small pebbles and without herbage]. (Fr, in three places. And applied to a wind: see A violent j.. -- IHcncc, :i;U ;' .)_ Hard ground. (A, TA.) t A hard journey. ~j3n'i* !One who is denied good, or pros(S, K:) (Har p. 177.) wind; (A,TA;) as also t " the latter signifies t a wind that blow,s violently: or, that does not continue to blow in the same direction: (TA:) or the former signifies a 'old . wind that blows riolently; (9, K;) as also b, . ( :) [it is an epithet; for] one says which is anomalous, as by rule one shlould say


see ,6., in two places.,


perity; into nhose hand wealth falls not. (K, TA.) And ,* jd*q t A man who gains not,

%.i.: ($:) it is [also] one of the names for
:a cold wind that blows violently; (JK, T, TA;) as though it perforated, or rent; the agent ['O]

Jja,> t A passage, or place of passing. (9. it signifies also t a gentle, soft, wind; thus bearjja.. [pass. part. n. of 4; Confoun(led, &e.: in two placea.])_ [Hence,] j ing two contr. meanings: or that returns, and and hence,] silent. (JK: but there written with- [See i..., [then] continues its coutrse: (K:) or, as in the out the vowel of the j.) 3J.I hl %eW t[A country,, or district, nidle to 1 Bk. I. 9'2

being unused: (T, TA:) and (as some say, TA)

[or hinder part] of a or gets not, anything. (JK.) See also i... A stone theat is at the . natering-trough,for the pulpose of their [stand3,?j'_ One who goes round about camels, ing upon it, and] draning forth the water from [meaning who has them within the compass of his it, [i. e. the trough,] irhen they nwill. (]~.) rule and care,] (JK,I., TA,) and urges themn 36di.., though unheard by us, is the sing. of against their will, (TA,) and is actice, and xeas.. j '. signifying The orifices of the body; such cises art in his management [of then]: (JK, as the mouth and the nose and the ears and the K, TA:) mentioned by Sgh on the authority of lbn-'Abbad. (TA.) anus and the like. (Mgh.)

790 tramrt; lit,fare



[BooK r. oI)

dingin respect of th place [8ee also 8.])_.,lpl jHle hit the target _.. A prominence, or rojecting part, of a . (K.) And A., of pang]. (TA.)_.1, J; tA plcein with his arrow without perforating it. (TA.) mountain: (JK, 8, ::) pl. A bed trenched by a torrent ( -,. ri . _j~ Ji 1 0,6. t GHe (a guide) did not turn which the wind blow: ( :) and Jl 3jI. [see 1]): (JK:) so some say: (TA:) or a road a place in which the wind blows [in any manner, aside from the 'ay. (JK, $.) _;.' , (S,K,) in a [tract of high ground such as is trsnnd] aor. :, (],) inf n. (l,) said s., of a man, (., or irregularly: me 7]. (..) ],) He had the partition between his nostrils cut, JJ; or on the summit of a mountain. (JK, -,,, jp: see the last parraph in thir art.: or mutilated: or the extremity of his note, but TA.) [See also. ..] and see also _ and a: 36. not to the extent denoted by the term ;~: the ;.. The place of the bore, or perforation, of epithet applied to the man in this case is t... : a thing. (Msb.) The eye of a needle. (TA.). t ~: see . (.:) or he had the partition between his nostrils See also .Ad . (K.) -. , aor. *, j,.j [Having a hole made in it, &c.: see slit; i.e. O3 ,;Jjt The place of perforation of the ear: its ;erb]. Jl; J .. A man having his He cared notfor what he did norfor what mwa Ia.t. ( :) or the place of slitting, of the nose, in the clothing rent, or torn, (JK, X,) by long travel; said to him. (s.) partition between the nostrils [and in either of aI also J' jIl * V . (, ) Also t Quich, 2: see 1. - [Hence,] _.l. js An the ala', as appears from what here follows]. or Mnift. (TIam p. 42.) udder in which are incisions [or crackings of the (XC.) It is said in a trad., ,.JI -t-JI j hkin]; and so , j3,. (TA.) .slhA'1 '., by A.,s.JI being app. meant


5. J ,:_, : see 1, last sentence but one. 1. ,&., aor. ;, inf. n. He, fHe perforated, or jii.,Jl ,d (] , TA, in the Cl [erroneously] pierced, it; namely, a thing. (Myb.) [And so dj.. (Mgh in art. .,.j.)] - And He cut it, or ;j'JI,) The suture, or seam, of a skin cracked, or became torn without separating; quasi-pass. cut it off. (Myb.) You say, LZ ` :.d.. L; of .~,. [q. v.]. (~, TA.) t*.,t 1 [in like I did not diminish, and did not cut off, from it, manner] signifies It becamne slit; said of the bore orhim,anything. (8.) And ,.tj,. l ' . . WC of the ear. ($.) And you say also, .a1 .. ;. ;._ IlIe did not diminish [fraom the narrative, [The wooden instrument for producing fire or tradition, a letter, or a word]. (TA.) And crached, or split]. (TA.) Hence the phrase, ,j .. , .. j-t.,4s., ((,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) .Jii.3 _ .1f, mentioned by IAir, meaning .e slit the partitionbetween the nostrils of such t I seM thee to have no good in thee: for when the a one: (i:) or .. signifieis the mutilating (6) .,j craeks, or splits, ( li!,) 151 one cannot proof the nose: (JK:) or mutilation (~LJ) in the duce fire by means of it, and there is no good in partition between the nostrils and in tihe 03I it. (TA.) [Hence likewise,] .. ~jj ajd means [or two ale]; or in the extremity of the .;4; [or also Hlis anger became appeased: [or,] accord. .. o.3 has this meaning: and accord. lobule of the noxse]; not amountiling to what is to the S, ; termed pa ; (Lth, TA;) and the epithet is to the A, .a/ .,.L3 has the same meaning. v 9 .. i, fern. '.li,: (Lth, JK, TA:) and the (TA.) Accord. to IA9r, (TA,) ,. U,q.. like in the lip; or in the upper part of the 3jj .id means I Such a one came to us doing to us [app. meaning thefront edge of the lobe, which that tvwhich was arongful,or injurious, andfoolish, at its termination above forms a crena,] of the or stupid. (K,0 TA.) ~ See also 8, in two ear: (Lth,TA: [see ,^.l, as relating to the places. --- 4 3 also signifies lIe followed, or ear:]) accord. to Sb, it is both in the nose and adopted, the religion of the 4, 1 . (., 1, TA: in thl ear; but in the nose, it is the nutilation in the ClS, the a..;.) (kJ,) of the Jore part of the nostril of a man, 7. ;.J1 It became cut, or cut off. (Msb.) and the L;jl [or lobule of the nose], after the mutilation of tlhe upper lpart of this, so as to reach See also 5. Said of a writing, or book, it means the interior of the nose; and the epithet applied It became deficient; part of it went. (TA.) to the man is VtidI. (TA.) And *j,., inf. n. And said of a generation, It went away; came as above, also signifies He hit, or hurt, his to an end. (TA.) See also .i'..


~t;b.A9 I, i. e. [In the case of the mutilation of] the tno alm and the partition betrween the nostriL [the blood-wit, orfine for homicide, shall be paid]. (TA.)
5~. A lie, orfaLsehood. ($, V.) One says, d


,~g ;1. (S, TA) i. e. [Such a one

uttered] that which was a lie. (TA.) _..& One who cares not for what he doe nor for what is said to him. (K.) .. lJ The sect who held the doctrine of the transmigration of the soul, and allowed general license: (S, Ik, TA:) they were in the time of El-Moltasim: their sheykh, Babak [EI-Khurramee, i. e. of Khurram, in Persia], was then slain, and they scattered themselves in the countries; and there remains of them a remnant in the mountains of Syria. (TA.) ;.. [a pl. of which the sing. is not mentioned,] Young men (TA) such as follow the licentious ways of the 4d. [so I render I 0'". ] in acts of disobedience. (1., TA.) [See what next follows.]

.l&. [act. part. n. of .:

fem. with ;; and

8. off; as above, (g,) and so the inf. n.; (TA;) and tL 1 .~., (Is,) inf. n. .,pe.3; (TA;) lHe cracked, ( :) or tore without separating, the suture, or seam, And of a skin; syn. t.: (]g, TA, in the CI5 the decree of death, cut them off; and extirpated . :) or j .JI .,., aor. and inf. n. as above, them. (i.) And ik:JI a4Z.! Death, or the i q. 4d3; [meaning I spoiled the seing of the decree of death, [cut him off, or] took him awvay, akin, or hide; as when one use a thick instru- (JK, ]g, TA,) 4'..,~1 'teC. [from amidst his ment for seting or perforating, and a thin thong; companions. (TA. [A phrase similar to or as when one rends two stitch-holes into one]. " 1;,: see 1.]) And 4. " ( (JK,0g) [He ($.) [And J .p app. A torrent cut into it, was cut off from s by death;] he was taken or trenched it; namely, the ground, or the side away [from us by death]; (JK;) he died, (K, of a mountain: see `;.] And V,;t. ',& . TA,) and wat away [from m]. (TA.) Accord. [lit. Cuttin-off ents cut him off]; meaning to some, .l.l [as an ink. n. of.j.i] signifies The dying suddenly. (gar p. 123.) the died: like as one says, ,. 4.. (TA. (],TA, in the Cg [erroneously] gj. JI,) aor.


[q. v.]. (TA.) You say also, ij

in;., t

pl. of the latter .i ]. One says, ,-a. , 1 [explained above]: see 1. (TA.)_ Corrupting; acting corruptly; doing evil, or mischief. (i.) [See , , which is probably a pl. thereof.]Neglecting; or leaving undone [what ought to be done]. ([.) Cold, as an epithet (1.)". . Time, orfortune, cut them A cold wind: (K :) so accord. to A'Obeyd: but 2 .JI and extirpated thenm; as also * : accord. to Kr, [.,i.,] with kjg. (TA.) or destroyed them by its calamities. (Mob.) : see what next follows. a' JI ! and _*U..iJ Death, or _9^,. The end, or tip, of the nome (JK, 8) of a man: (S:) or thefore part of the nose: or the part between the nostrils. (].)- Also, (JK, IK,) as being likened thereto, (TA,) tA rock in which are holes; (JK, I;) n. un. of t;*jY.: (K:) [or] the latter has this signification. (. [But this seems to be a mistake.]) ... l [Having the nos mutilated in any of the

manners explained in thefirst paragraphof this
art.]: few. u',. : see 1, in three plaee. And Having the oar perforated, whn it is not slit:

Boox I.]
(..) or haring tAe ear dit after it has been pirmd: ($ and Mybc and TA in art. .:) *ad t likearie, i.w, aiifies haaing th ear dit; also and . (TA in that art.) And the fern., applied to a she-goat, Having her ear slit crouswi. (. [See also JL..]) Also, the few., applied to an ear, Slit, or perforated, or mutilate. (I,* TA.) _ Also A pool of water left by a torrent; because one part thereof passes away ( ) to another: pl. ;,.. (TA.) - And the fern. also signifies Any hill, or ruing ground, sloping down into a [hoUow such as is termed] ;j; (g;) and so the masc.: (TA:) or any [hill such aa is termed] 4.b havinga side whereby it cannot be ascended. (].) ,kI , A.JI The extremity of tAshe spine of the scapula: (':) or a notch, or small hoUowed place, [app. the glenoid cavity,] at the extremity of tha spine of the scapula, (JK, T, TA,) next t/he sochet: (T, TA:) pl. .;L: (JK, T, TA:) or L'i 9;91, in the ]. miswritte.n 11l L* ., signifies the heads of the two scapula, next the tpper arms: (],* TA:) or the treo extremities, or edges, of the lower portion of the two acapule, which surround, or border, the j.aS [app. here meaning the thick part next to the inferior angle] of the acapula: and a."1l the end of the spine [of the scapula]. (K, TA. [In the K is here added, accord. to different copies, ~', as in the TA; or . .. ., as in the CId; or O.. : the right reading seems to be

As. -]L73



of an oath that affords a way [or rather ways] of [Te feel of him, or it, is like te feel of thl male, evasion to the utterer thereof. (AZ, TA.) or young, Aare]. (A, TA.) t l"] also signifies .l 1..[or A4I [The pL] j,i' A eller of j. (TA.) Thfirst portios of the night. (].) It occurs jA.* &. j1 A land containing, (V,TA,) or in an instance in which some read .,l;.; [pl. of abounding with, (TA,) ; '-f, p of. (C, A~. q. v.]. (TA.) TA.) Aid : eem AL . It is said in a trad., el ot 01"1 > Jmt . r.. Heforlade the accing as an kea..l [q. v.] the animal hating the ear 1. Xs*WI'ji, aor.'-, (M,b,) inf n. D, (M, cut, or cut off, or mutilated: or having many A, Mgh, Mlb, 1],) The eye nas, or became, perforations, and slits, in its ear. (TA.) narrow and small: (?, A, Mgh, M?b, ] :) or it contracted its sight, naturally: (i :) or °, ,:;,ti.: see *-. aor. -, (1,) inf. n. as above, (?, ],) signifies he - ,~ ,: see . ;. X_:see Fz (a man) nw as though he looked from the outer angle of the eye: (S, A:*) or he looked as though on one side: or he opened and closed his eyes; -rjl(V ;) or, hAis eye: (M:) or he had a distortion " ' .5 . ' ,



: see .,.s., in art. ..


of one of his eyes: (: ) [or he had eyes

looking towards his noe; or, looking sideways; Q1,4\ j : see X.:, in art. ,. (see j.. ;) or, looking towards their outer angles; see ;j.;) see also 2, and 6, and Q. Q. L] *Api, aor. L, (TA,) inf. n. jd., (],) He looked ,/WI ;.., as in the Tekmileh, on the authority at him from the outer angle of the eye; (g, TA;) as one does in pride, and in light estimaof Fr; in the 1 and accord. to Sgh, ,.WI , tion of the object at which he looks. (MF.) A which is a mistake; (TA;) The . [q. v. in poet says, art. .;t.] of the ,1J[: pl. .1.; (Fr, Sgh, ],

TA;) like as i. has for its pl. 1;(.

[Looh not thou at the people from the outer angle of the eye, asew, sidewrays]. (TA.) j.Z [as an intrans. v.] He affected, or pretended, to be cunning; i.e. intelligent, or agacious; or intelligent with a mixture of craft andforecast; syn. v·1,. (IAyr, IJ. [See also 2.])- Also 1e Jled. (I.) 2. v.*, (TA,) iiif. n. ;eJ, (i,) He made narrow. (K, TA.) You say, ::js He (an old man) narrowedhis eyes; contracted his eyelids as though they wvresed together; to collect the light: when a young man does so, .i1 £,W.1 [i. e. he affects, or pretends, thereby, to be cunning; i. e. intelligent, or sagacious; or intelligent with a mixture of craft and forecast]. (IAr. [See also 'j: and see 6.])

."m', where itforms a kind of cleft; app. meaning where it forms the glenoid cavity. In the Cl, for .,,JI 'L .., is erroneously put ^ O JI '~:; and s is erroneously prefixed to the former noun.]) - QL,. Two cleft bones at the extremity of the interior of the uprerpart of the inside of the mouth. (K.) -J%I ., I A man reeak injudgment. (JK, TA.)


e,lO;f.Jl Two stars, (g,) mentioned [and described] in art. .;.j, (TA,) each of wMich is [said to be] called #ji.: (1 :) accord. to ISd, only the dual form of the word is known; and the radical z. and the augmentative .; [by which latter is meant i] are in the dual alike: (TA:) but Kr and others say that it is dual of 1~, and belongs to this art. (TA in art. js^..) ;j,^: see the first paragraph in this art.

;^.. ?The end of a prominence, or projecting part, of a mountain: pl. . (S .: :) or ,,. significs the prominence, or projectingpart, of a mountain: [like jf :] and J, .&., the extremity of a torrent: (] : [accord. to the T1K, of a nord; for .irJl .. o is there put in the place of )eJI .. :]) pl. as above: (TA:) and 4.1.t ~.s. and 151 . signify the place ;vhere a /ill such as is termed 4I1 ends. (f.) Also A [road such as is termed] ; , betweern two



mountains: (TA:) [or the pl.] .l, . signifies the mouths of[mountain-roadssuch as are termed] (S :) or roads in rugged tracts: (Skr, V :) or roads in mountains, and in sands. (IAth, TA.) [Hence,] .Ai cil t A n oath in which are ways of evasion. (~, TA.) And Ji s; t 6! gd. ' SThere is no good in an oath that has not ways of evasion: from ;..,' signifying "a 3: between two mounei.:

*j.. [commonly known only as inf. n. of j,i. The male of the h,Jl [or hare]: (?, A, or . ,ll :jj.]: see . Myb, :) or the offspring of the .. j,j: (TA:) tains." (TA.) And ) :,J ~ ,, .J 6. . l:-see *.A .y.~,IJI [This is an oath that has come forth in pl. [of pauc.] l'tl (O) and [of mult.] o,!-. ° expressions that admit of roays of erasion]: said (, MIb, l.) Hence the saying, J~JI , _ ;,.: me ;j. i 92*

'j A certain kind of cloth, (, A, ],) well known, (Q, TA,) woven of wool and silk: (TA:) and also a kind of cloth entirely of silk; and this is the kind which one is forbidden to ride upon and to sit upon; not the former kind,, which is allowable, and was sometimes worn by companions of the Prophet and by the next succeeding generation, as IAth has ascertained: (TA:) derived from jj.,r (1., TA,) accord. to some: (TA:) or it is the name of a certain beast [thought by Golius to be the beaver]: and afterwards applied to the cloth made of its fur: (Mgh,Msb:) pl. j3.j' (S,A,Mhb,l.) [Golius seems to derive it from the Persian 3J, meaning raw silk; and assigns to it also the meaning of a coarser hind ofspun silk.] Jsjj Mj' signifies Good cloths, or stuj, or garments. (A in arLt. i.)

6. jjl.3 He looked from the outer angl of his eye. (TA. [See also Q. Q. 1.])._ He pretended, or made a shom of, what is termed .d: [see 1.] (TA, and Ilar p. 62.) - He contracted his eyelids, to sharpen the sight: (?, Myb, 1~ :) a verb similar to W. and J^.J. (1. [See also 2.])
Q. Q. 1. ,;'. He lookedfrom the outer angles of his eyes: from the subst. . ., because the animal so called is 3j;. (A. [See also 6.])_ Also He acted like the swine. (TA in art.



J.O&- jJ.-

[BooK I.

his Cys; (i ;) or, his eye: (M :) or who As a ijj. A turning of the p#pil towards the outer an elegant, and a proud and self-conceited, gait, of one of his eyae: (V:) or with an afifcted inclining of the body fromn side distortion (j-) angle of the eye. (TA. [See 1.]) ;..JI O a and whose eyes look towards hi nose: (TA:) [or to side. (TA.) You say, i (1) A pain in t jLSj.jil He walks with a looseness of thejoints, whose eyes look towards their outer angles: (seo ;jj. (ISk, , g) and It i the back: (1s:) a pain in a vertebra of the back: &c. (A.) jjl.:)] and Ca3dl' j&l one who look ashew, ( :) a pain in the slender part of the back, in an n, epithet I 1. i or sidmays; au also I;,: (S, K, &c.,) vulgarly pronounced (TA:) the pl. [the vertebra called] j>JI : applied to an enemy: (TA:) the fem. of jj.l1 is ;lj1j, (TA,) [a coil. gen. n., The hind of cane :Ijj.-: (A, M:b:) and the pl. isL... (1.) You ,lO;.(8, TA.) of the former is called rattan; so in the present day ;] a kind of C 1 1jj. [meaniig Eyes that are narrow Indian tree, which consists of roots extending say also like i;s, o,f food kind A . wOa Js and and small: &c.]. (TA.) (.R:) or [a with .flesh-meat; ( ;) made of flesh-meat (.8, upon the ground; as also tjj4.: TA) lthat has remained throughout a night, kind of tree] not gr,owing in the country of the (TA,) cut into small pieces, and put into a cook- Arabs, but only in that of the Greeks; whence i,tg-pot with abundance of ctater, (S, TA,) and the saying of En-Nibighah El-Jasdee, jr Stories that are held to be clever, injs. snith salt; (TA;) and wnhen it is thoroughly or elegant, (IDrd, lI,) and at uwhich on /enious, 7oohed, somne flour is sprinkled upon it, (S, TA,) (IDrl.) leut#ghs. and it is stirned about with it, and seasoned with [Tlheir lands are the lands of the khep.urdn] any seasoning that the maker pleuses to add: it is a hind of plant with pliable and smooth s.,.; i. q. >1, [app. as a subst., meaning A (TA:) when there is no flesl-meat, it is called twigs: (ISd:) or a kind of tree, (S,) the roots false, or vain, saying or deed or affair or thing]; as : (, ]g, TA :) or a broth made with the of the Li [by which are app. meant the canes oJ also tj.-,.: (K :) or, accord. to El-Jarmee, (, ;. water in which bran has been soaked, (Mgh, X], which spear-shafts are made]: (S, Mb :) pl. TA,) the latter, (S,) or each, (TA,).falMe, or rais, TA,) which water is strained, and then cooked: jrJ'.. (S.)_Reed, or reeds; cane, or canes. usayings or deeds or affairs or thinigs. (S, TA.) (Mgh, TA:) this is wihat is called by the Persians (S, .)-And hence, Aftsical reeds or pipes. ~.cj ~ or it: j (accord. to different copies of (Mgh :) [see also ja..:] or ;jii. is (TA.)- Sieats: (IAgr, ]g:) because of their L~: .K) A ,wondierful thiing. (IAar, K.) And the .flour thronn upon wrater or upon milk, and pliableness: (TA:) [or because commonly made Fja~. i,dse, or rain, ./ and pls.] ; [the cooked, and thlen eaten with dates, or supled: it is of canes:] pl. as above. (TA.).....Any pliable and twig or rod; (Mbr, g ;) any piece of wood that stories. (Har p. 16.) also called L... and ,L.. and a £J,.,A: ;,@_- is thinner: (AHeyth, on the is pliable. (AHeyth.) [Often applied in the see authority of an Arab of the desert:) and a soup present day to the osier; as well as to the rattan: Y.j' A laughable thing; a thinig that makes nade of grease or grary (O.)and flour; ('TA;) n. un. with ;.] _The rod rhich hings hold in their hands, and with nwhich they amuse thenm. people laugh. (?, g.) One says, ,.N . as also t]j.: (1g.:) but no one except the author [Give mne some of thy laughable things. of the ~ mentions this last form: in the other selves (C03z) and make signs. (Ham p. 710.) i.z,4.i' lexicons, soup of grease or gravy is said only to - The pole with which a sltip, or boat, is pushed osortories]. (S.) or propelled, (Mbr, K,) when pliable, or bending; be called Xj& and Li.. (TA.) (Mbr,TA.).-Also, (AO, Mob, as also * l,. (8, Msb, g) .0. : see thle next preceding paragraplh. .{,) and with ;, (S, TA,) The OlL 1 Pottery; jars; or earthernvessels; syn. j. [meaning the A man po.sessing much eunning; i. e. of a ship, (g,) i. e. its J ..; (Lth,.S,, ; [and so in the present day;]) rudder]: (TA:) or, accord. to 'Amr Ibn-Bahr, intelligence, or sagacity; or intelligence with a and antythinig made of clay, atul bahed, so that [lit. the bridle and bit, app. meaning the .lJ ,nixture of crq/t andforecast. (AA, K.) .) or clay made into it becomes :i (IDrd, : the tiller] of a ship, by means of which the ;t ~e [The swine; the hog; the pig ;] a ce, wlhich is the .,, is directed. (TA: [but instead vessels, before it is baked; i. q. j3.. : when baked, it is calledjii. (Myb.) [See an ex. in a tain Jbul animal, (Alsb,) nwell known; (.K i) said I :Jl, read . ,*d.. o u ~L. to be forbidden [to be eaten] by every prophet: of verse cited voce 41, p. 107.] *IW-,J6 "-, .,ill.]) En-N&bighah (Myb :) [fem. with ; :] pl. j L..: (, Mlb, 1 :) ,..j .. says, describing the Euphrates in the time of its aj [Of, or relating to, pottery, or jars, : [thoughl thlis is an epithet $lot,as some say, j. 3 increase, or fuliness, &c.;] rel. n. of .ja.. (TA.)-..See also what applicable to swine :] (TA :) accord. to some, Ijllows. ; because , is not it is of the measure ~J



' [generally] added as a second letter: but accord. a I 6 1-O 1~~l' t to others, of the measure ;-a-"; because O is sometimes added as a second letter, and because [By reason of his fear, the sailIr'blreomes in a state of clearing, or Iraying fJst hold, upvon the it is held to be derived from ;j, since all yj... :lj1e., (which may here mean the pole above as it is said in the A, · s · are jj.; mentioned, or the nrdder, or the tiller,) after also signifies A well-known fatigue and distress]. (S, TA.) In a trad. it is a,l(TA.) disease; (S;) [scrofula; or glandaltr swellings said that the devil, when he had been commanded nek;] nicers, (]g,) or hard ulcers, (S,) lby Noah to go forth from the ark, mounted upon in the which arife in the nteeh: (S, X:) or ganylions, the ;blji of the ark, i. e. its CiC. (TA.) or hard or nodous lunps beneath the sin, in the ueek, nnd in so./ parts, such as the armpits; but .::. } see the last paragraph above. mostfrequently in the wneck. (Mghl.)


41 and t uj&A seller [or maker] of [or pottery, jars, &c.]. (TA.)



see what next follows, in two places.

d3jt. and t j~.3' A certain mode of walhing, with a looseness of the joints, (S, A, K,) as though the limnbs were dislocated; (A;) as also and TA:) and lJjm.: (. in art. J., tj. or a limnping, or haltiny, manner of walking : or

jd.l A man having narrow and snall eyJes: A, Mb, K:) or having eyes of which the sight is contracted, naturally: (1 :) or who looks from the outer angle of his eye: (A:) or who is as though he so looked: (.S:) or who looks as though on one side: or who openC and closes

1. j/-, aor.,, (S, MghI, K,) inf. n. ,. and Jjj., (TA,) It (an arrow) hit the target; (S, K ;) or the object at which it was shot; (ISd, [q. v.]: (TA:) or transTA;) as also t ;4 pierced, or passed through, or its extremnity pased through, (Mgh, TA,) making the blood to florw: (TA :) [and app. also it stuck fast therein: (see ~ji., below :)] or ,,lL.iI .jji it (an arrow) transpiereed, or pawsed through, tte target; or pierced it so that its extremity passed through. , , aor. , (Myb, f,) inf. n. (Msb.) -. (S, Msb,) lie pierced him [with a spear or the like]. (S, Msb, 1g.) And lie pierced him slightly with a spear. (TA.) And It (an arrow) kit him.

BooK I.]
(JK.) And J Jl, I Ait them witA the


-- j-A

733 the T, one says, ,ioj;tl w j and JjYLI,

'iii. A dart, orjavelin. (TA.)

arrow. (c.) [Whence,] ..

;. !IlIe looked

sharply at him; and rast his eye at him, or smote him with his eye: (LB, TA :) or he wounded'him with Ais eye. (Ibn-'AbbWd, Z, TA.) - Also lIe stuck it (i. e. anything sharp) into the ground (Lth, JK, TA) &e. (Lth, TA.) 7. 3jj3l He became pieoced [)vith a spear or the like]. (K.)_-It (anytlhing/sllarp, JK) became stuck into the ground [4tc.]. (JK, TA.) - Also, or t j3 .Jl, (accord. to different copies of the ], the latter in the CId,) It (a sword) becams drairnfrom its scabbard. (.1, TA.)

meaning He walks with an elegant, and a proud J'.i- Chase, or game; i. e. an olject of the and self-conceited, gait, with an affected inclining chase or tle like. (J K, TA.) of the body from side to side: or as though thorns pricked hisfeet. (TA.) jei..: see what next precedes, in two places.

Jj;. IlIaring a fracture in Aie back; as also (M,b,) He cut it off. (Mqb,]g.) inf. n. j', tJj;..: (o, g:) or having a fracture in the ' Ij., aor. ~, te . [See also 8.] -_._ (Lth, maJl t j. middle ofhi back; as also impeded, hindered, prevented, or withheld, him from attaining the olj:ct of his want. (s,0 TA.) - And A camel whse humFp has entirely gone anay: (V:) so says Lth; but Az thinks nor. -, (JK, 1~,) inf. n. j,, TA.) _ jj., or that this may be a mistranscription for j;.I; (JK,) .Jehad afractuercin his back. (JK, ].) in this case. interchangeable may be · and 8: see what next precedes. Also, (TK,) inf. n. as above; (S;) and Lame. (AA, TA.) and tJ,djI; lie walked in a heavy, or (TA.) -Also ij&. inf. n. of 1. (s,* Mb, TA.) - [I also tJ ~ . d. JI, as .ldu/ish, manner: (K :) or, as in the 'Eyn, with find in the TA, u.M t* Jl J3..j': see what next precedes, in two places. signifies A tlting that a looseness of the joints. (TA.) e'i though meaning that becomesafixed orfast: and also a thinlg that trans5: sec 1._[IIence,] rJ-I J!.3 The cloudx pierces, or paCes throughl: but these may be loose appeared as though they rere retreatiyg, by (JK, naor., (Mgh, ],) inf. n..., L s.,., explanations, intended to mean thaut ji. is said reason of the beatviness, or sluggiashne, of their it; (JK, Jle pierced it, or perforated TA,) of that which becomes fixed or fast (as an arrow motion. (M, ], * TA.) Mgh, ] ;) namely, a thing of any kind: for in the body pierced by it), and also of tlhat which 7. Jji;l It became cut off: (, Msb.)-instance, the nose of a camel, for the [ring called] of tramnpieres, or passes through: see j..., cut short, t+le f..l becane j J,' J [llence,] aL.~l [to which the rein is attached]: and the which the inf. n., ;s, is said to be used in these Jijl Drd, K.) (I in his slpech. or stopped, letter of a Kailee to another .adeoe; for such a two senses.] l.~l ' lIe cared n,ot for my answer, or r'eply. letter is pierced for the L... [or strip of paper j,. A slle-camcl ttzat pierce.s the ground wtith Sce also 1. (M, K.) with which it is bound], and is then sealed [upon her toes, (K, TA,) ,iillyi m,arks npon it: (TA :) or thatfurrows the ground nwith her toe tarned 8. dj I Ie cut it off for himcelf. ($,S M 9b, this strip]; nnd when this is done, the letter is (Mgh.) You say, 'up, as she goe. (.,,TA.) [Scc also ~,.] K.*) One says, jlJI Jj.il lie cut offfo,. him- said to be *j. .j;,l :%1i, aor. as above, (Mgh, Mqb,) and so the jjlt., al,pplied to an arrow, ]itting, or that xelf the property. (TA.) And . il' , pop arty. (.) inf. n., (Msb,) He pierced tlh noe of the camel hits, the target; (S, Mgh, K;) and (Mgh, TA) lie cut him, off f.om the people, or (Mgh:) or .. :l, tI was unfaith- (Mghb, Meb) for the Z1: 2I tranrpiercinlg, or pasin,g through, or tlat traims- _And hence, aaJ,l laJi, (S,j aor. and inf. n. as ea;J-t (8,1) piercs or passes through, or lpiercing, or that ful in res.pect of tie trust, o; ldeposit; even if above, (TA,) he put the L.j in the side of the because ore it: to res I ,refuscdI mneaniln pierces, so that its extremity pa.ses thlrotyh, ,loillgso is a cutting off, for one's self, of the pro- the nostril, (1,) or in the partition between the (Mgh, Msb, Ii,) the target [or the object shot at]; Accord. to Sb nostrils, (S,) [but the former is the more common perty of the owner. (Ms.b.) : (TA :) pi. jls.. (MBb.) (Mb ;) as also ,j. itnd the K, j:A.'l is also jyn. With 0j, l practice,] of the camel; (S, K ;) as also Vt'j; And [hence, usedl as a sublt.] A slcar-headl: [The cutting iff a thing; or cutting it so as to (1.;) [or] this signifies the doing so much, or (JK, ,]C:) and the iron head or blade of an lessen it at its extremity; &c.]: but ISd says, often. (TA.) [Hence,] ,,t .1j. tHe brought . r ' arrow &e. (TA.) Onle says, Ojl' I know not tlhis on the authority of any other him undler, or into, ndljection; rendered him sub[He is more i,enetrrating than a spea,-heaM]: tllhan Sb. (TA.)3Jl j.Jl also signifies Tthe mixxive, ,tractable, or n,anageable. (TA.) And I;, which means the same; ,eipng alone (K, TA) in opinion ; n.ith ntone to c& . (.:) and O ow .1 spitted the locusts in a .W,ii j He (a (JK, Mcyd;) or aore penetrating than a trans- shtore tIerein. (TA.) r And J;;le, series upon the [ske,ver, or] piece of stick or pierring arrow: (TA:) the latter is a prov.; man) became lanes; or n,alked lanely. (TA.) s. If e pierced and n,ood. (S.) And ' .J .l! (Meyd, TA ;) applied to hlim who is penetrating v,] of his sandal Jl [q. calied] tied the [thong see wmat next follows. i [lit. . jt.J .. in affuirs. (Meyd.) And .j [app. so as to attach to it the twro branches (I1. Verily he is a pierec,,or transpiercer,of a leaf]; J;.JI) of the strap that encompasses the heel]. [' l [i.e. the is a person wvhom meaning ~ and ~j[p, (JK, K,) or, as in the M, t4j' ]). .. [Also He cut it. (TA. [See also ; one may not hole to orercomne]: (IAgr, K :) or tJ,., (TA,) A fracture in the back. (JK, for] .ijl is snn. withil ,t. (Ffam p. 166. the is bold and shilful. (K(.) M, K.) [It is tllere also said to be syn. with .JI; i. e.

.,) 1. · ~i: (Msbh,

aor. ', (Msb,) or , (K, )


[Jjji. A stakefor impaling a man : but tllis ai.a One ,rtho impedes, hinders, prevents, or nwithholtl, annothefrfrom that which he desires to I believe to be post-classical: pl. J-jl..] do. (Az, K, TA.) j;'.. A nnall stick, (JK, K,) with a pointed 0Jj. : see j end, (JK,) or hariybg at its end a sharp nail, (V,) that is with the seller of full-'grocn unripe [Fatigue: or a fatiguing]. &Jj~. i. q. ?.LC datesfor date-stones [which are used as food for (TA.) of [l,1. . Ajl camels]: (JK, g:) he has many ljy. and .5je5 A certain mode of alking, vj'~]; and a boy comes to him witl date-stones, eitll a looseness of tRh joints; like q.J3 and which he takes from him on the condition that ;j,d..: (S:) or a heavy, or sluggish, manner of a certain numnber he shall strike with the jji. the dual of of times and have as many of the dates as become walking; *as also ?jjc.: (.:) thus transfixed for lhim, whether many or few, j;. [to which that of ,jji is similar] is but notlhing if be miss. (J.) Accord. to (IAmb, TA in art. ,3V.) 0'~'

.J;I, a .. Jl; but this is app. a mistake for meanoing assigned to it in the JK, agreeably with the 1..]) 2: seel. .jl,., (K,) inf. n. 3. .jl., (8,) or L.LJ. He HedI], (a man, .)[and ajlL (. in art. S) took a different way from his (another's) until they blth met in one place: (g,]C:) the i.n.: art. ,L., (S in doing so is also termed and TA:) it is as though it were a rivalling, or imitating, in travelling. (TA.) Ibn-Fesweh says,


[BooL I.

.Iji, is applied to A woman's nose-ring, of gold ostricbh happenr to see the eggs of another Mdriceb or other metal.] - The ljd. of the sandal is it will sit upon them, and forget its own egs.]) A slender thong nhich is pierced and tied between i. e. WAn he turns her, meaning his she-camel, [the two thongs called] the ej11,' [app. here from the right wmay, she pursues n,with him a may meaning the Oi!;b of the j.:_: see 1]. (K,' L ( (J, , MK,V,b,,) aor. ', (JK, Mb,) diennt from the wrong, so that she overcomes TA.) inf. n. Cj&L, (Mqb,) He reposited it, stowed it, or him, and takes the right way, in the early daytime of the morrow. (TA.) i.ja also signifies t.U!'~oA certain plant, (JK, Kj,TA,) called put it, (g, Mqb,) laid it up, kept it, presed it, The act of rivalling, or imitating. (JK, TA.) also Vt., (JK,) of sweet odour: (TA:) or orguarded it, (JK, ],) in o Jij, (JK, ,,) or And one uys, 1l1j. ii (JK, TA) and al. ., i. q. A [or '];.. (Mqb;) namely, a thing, JII [q. v.]; (?, MNb, 1 ;) accord. to in a l (JK,) meaning I met him face to face: (TA:) EI-FP-bee: one of the plants of the desert: said (JK, Mqb,) or property; ($, g ;) as also uj:;6., or suddenly, or unevpectedly, and face to face. by Az to be a certainherb of sweeg odour, having ($, ],) and ';j .L: or t the second of these (JK.) And aflower like that of the violet: (Msb:) [accord. signifies he did so for hinmrlf. (TA.). [hence] tile first ($, Myb) and the econd, (1,) 5. 48 ) J i>JI ..e. The tAh pierced to the book entitled .4t. ;.,7JLI . ' G, as tHe concealed it; namely, a secret. ($, Myb.) stated by Golius, a certain wild hArb, hAaing a hisfoot, or leg, and entered into it. (], TA.) : .' tHle withAhd frm Aim long stalk, small leaves, redflower, and very sweet - And ;'U' 6. 0 4Jt ,,j'i The two armies riralled, or odour:] its flower is the swetest of floes in his gift. (TA.)-'i&ji, (JK, 1,Mqb, y,) formed imitated, each other; or opposed each other; odour; the fumigation therewith dispels every by transposition from ";, ($, Mqb,) aor. :, if. n. syn. WjW. (TA.) fetid odotr; the use thereof as a suppository in ij.; (M,b;) and ,ii; and : [a, (nor. ,] ji A certain kind of trec, (JK, T, ?, M,b, the wagina promotes pregnancy; and the taking inf. n. ; . and 5j,; ( ;) s aid of flesh-meat, it internally restores to a rigilt state the liver and .,) of the bark of which ropes are made: (q, the spleen, and the brainaffected with cold: ( K :) (JK, Q, Myb, 1g,) It became altered [for the Mlb:) it is like the .ij, [or Theban palm]; ( ;) [in the present day, applied to the common la- worse] (JK, Myb, g) in odour, (MRb,) or t/ikAaving branches with small dates, wvhich becoMe ing: ($, TA:) or, accord. to Z, , mid mi of vender; lavandula rpica:] n. un.; . (TA.) black when ripe, bitter, astringent, or disagreeable flesh-meat, means it became stinAin in consand choking; not eaten by men; but the cron.s i. q. ;4 [app. as meaning both A bull quence of its being laid up, or stored: and Erare greedy of them, and come to them time after and a cow], (JK, S, /r,) in the dial. of Hudheyl; Rhghib says that :ii., in relation to flesh-meat, time: so says Al[n.I TA:) n. un. with 3. (~, (B;) or such as is advanced in age, and short: means the laying up, or storing: ind hence is (M, g :) pl. tS M,b.) See also l.Oa.. , [or rather this is a colt. gen. metonymically used as meaning its becoming stinking. (TA.) Tarafeb says, n.,] and [the pl. is] .Slj. (JK, g) and ,,)' oj: see U -. (B) and [quasi-pl. n.] tvj&.. (TA.) .,j& [a pl. of which the sing. is not mentioned] . A maker of ropes of the bark of the trec ewers of sAim or hides or boots and the like; called .,j.. (JK, S. o ) [Accord. to the ]g, A syn. O .*. (TA.) [Then the fiJexh thereof will not become stinking seller of the hind of tree calledoZ..: but this is a among us: only the flesh-meat of him who lays *L,jn. un. of .,,, explained above. (8, mistake, app. caused by an omission in the K.] it up becomes stinking]. (', TA.) Mlb.) . Also The leaves (,m ) of the J ,ji. bt A cold vind; as though it pierced 4. Oj&!t He became rich, or in a state of com [or Theban palm]; (JK, ] ;) of which are made through the extremities: so says Kr: A'Obeyd petence or sujiciency, after poverty. (g.) women's ;,UlA [i. e. receptaclesfor their pe8: see 1, in three places. -_ j, ..l He fume. and otlher similar things, pi. of Ji.]. says .jt.: accord. to the ]:, both signify the same. (TA.) took the nearest road, or way. (], TA.) (TA.) ',- ; and its fem., with; : see what follows, 10: see L in four places. k j.: see U,. :_ and see also i!js. .?: see !t, in two places. .;,j) Anythling pierced or pI?forated: (B, v A thing reposited, stowed, or put, [laid Mgh:) applied in this sense, (JK,) or as mean· 6.,. e L, ee .... *jL : s ue i. ing pierced and tied, (TA, [see 1,]) to the [thong, up, hept, prerwed, or guarded,] in a s;j.~ [or ,:!; (JK, TA;) or, thus /,,, or liL]. (Myb.) - Flesh-meat altered l$jd. 2A ring of [goat's] hair, which is put [in of a sandal, called] [for the n,orse in odour]; (5 ;) stinking. (TA.) applied, it means cut. (.Ham thi sride of the nostril (see 1) or] in the partition p. 16G.) See also 1, first sentence, for its meaning as applied to a between the nostrils of the camel, ($, Meb,* TA,) ljs. A small chamber rwithin a large chamber; and to which is tied the rein; (S, TA;) as also letter. - Any animal havinp the nose pierced. (TA in art. .m ;) [a closet; also called in the ,Jt1jmeans Camels haring *lj&L: (TA, and gar p. 73:) or a ; in the (Msb.) And present day ta;.: and a cupboard:] a place in iu whlichl things are reposited, stowmd, laid up, nose of a she-camel: (J] :) or, accord. to the K, rings such as are termed_,.J. (pl. oftj;.) a 3W which is put in the side of the nostril of the their nostr'ils; (TAar, K,'TA ;) as also tV""'. kept, preserved, or guarded; a repository; [a camel: but Lth says that when it is of brass it is (IAar, TA.) All birds, also, are said to be magazine; a store-room;] (JK, Myb, ]5, TA;) termed ;~; and when of [goat's] hair, , .j : az;., (S, K,) and * ';, (1, K,) with fet-I to thej, (v,) ',g; (.K;) because and so 'jj perforated in the partition between the nostrils: (TA:) pl. .j.lj. (JK, Myb, TA) and.1~. like (],) or V:., QI, like 1. [which (., ] :) and particularly the ostrich is said to be (Mtb.) [Hence,] 3 sl iUL;i: from a C4jAi is irreg., as the aor. of ' s is :L:] (MSb:) _),):). (~,I5*) andt,ja. (JK, K.*) One says, the former should not be pronounced with fet-i trad. of Abu-d-Dardb, in which it is said, ,,, , * · 5 " *,, ' · , J,ii i,L;i tCommand ye them · j&,11 A. til. %) I , meaning t /7ey are [i.e. ai,], (K,) as the vulgar are given to that they submit themsuelves to the judgment, or none others than stupid, orfoolish, persons. (TA. pronounce it: (TA:) the pl. of the former is is app., here, a mistranscription '1 ; (S, Mb ;) and that of' d~sion, of the Kur-dn; .Jlpj being here pl. of [But ~lS' .. is J. ,liL.: (lAth, TA:) or I' sl $ l.i 2A library; T.i for, *t.S; for the ostrich is proverbial for stu- (Msb, TA.) [Hence, 4 tRender ys to the Kur-.dn itsdue. (JK.) [In pidity: one says 3.w 'j. j 11 "More stupid and a bookcase. And _ j4 An arnmry.] the present day, vulgarly pronounced than an ostrich :" because, as Meyd says, when an v:., .And IThe heart; Q, TA;) because the



BooK I.]
secret is concealed in it. (TA.) See an ex. voce Msb, , &c.) and 5 ',; (Sb, ) and "'9 and ((MA, [or these two are simple substs.,]) jil.-.- Also The occupation, (JK, TA,) and ;~I, or became, base, aased, abject, vile, He wax, 1, TA.) act, (¢, TA,) of the ~j.. (JK, desuic able, or ignominious: (S, Mgh, Msb :) or, ~ljs and ,i1aj IVealth, or property, repo- accord. to ISk, le fell into trial, or o!ffiction: rited, stored, laid up, kept, presrved,or guarded. (S:) or he fell into trial, or affliction, (]K, TA,) (TA.) [In the present day, both signify also A and eril, (TA,) and a thing that exposedl him to disyrace, and thereby became base, abused, abject, treasury. The pl. of the former is O l..]vile, despicable, or ignominious; as also ' 5 jZl, [Hence,] r11 ,- [in the ]ur. vi. ro and xi. 33, accord. to some,] means tThe hididen thtings that (K,TA,) like is.;!: (TA:) or jj,- signifies are known of God: (TA:) or t the events decreed disjraci, or ignominy: so in the ltnr v. 37 by God: (:!l in vi. 50:) or tthe treasures of the [&c.]: (Sh, TA.:) or its primary signification is means of subsistence that are supplied by God. a state of abasement, rileness, or ignominy; of which one is ashamed: so accord. to Er-Righib (Bd and Jcle ibid.) and Bd and the Ksh: (MF, TA:) or the maniOIj& One who stores up wheat, orfood: of the festing foul actions or qualities, for the manidial. of Egypt. (TA.)-See also t'j,..AlAso, .festing of 7rhich one deserves puni.hulment: (El(AHn,) Ritp dates be- Hnarllce, TA:) or ji . signifies he became disas a subst, like 1, coming black in the interior bi. reason of some graced, and ras confoundeld, or 7erplexed, by bane: (Aln, :) n. un. with ;. (Aijn.) reason of di,grace. (TA.) _And kj/., (S, j.tiL [One riho repouits, stows, lays up, keeps, Msb, K,) aor. as above, (S, Mgh,) inf. n.'L (1,) IIe was, or presCCes, or guards, property, &c.; a trea.urer]: (., Mgh, Msb, K) and ji, with shame; (S, or affectedl, moved, became, (TA.) [The to.j.and aj. (1g, TA:) pl. see the Mg,h, Msb, K;) [as also ?.'j1: latter of these pls. is applied in thce .ur. xxxix. 73 to The keepers, or guardians, of Paradise: and part. n. of thiis latter below:] or aljs. signifies in xxxix. 71 and xl. ,52 and lxvii. 8 to those of the being nmoved, or aJfected, with much, or inj-: see the d1,p . Gi,,in the Kur [xv. 22, tense, shame. (J K.) = Hell.] ~5jl. art. j&.. l.: see paragraph. next accord. to some], means tYe are not bearing it in miild with thankhfulnets. (TA.) .. The tongue; 3. iSljli., inf. n. io, Ile ried, or cona also #l,;. (1,, TA.) Hence the saying of tended, with me'in mutOal abasing; or renderIjL ing base, abject, vile, despicable, or ignominious. tijl. it Lu]Dmin to his son, L (Ks, JK, S, L J, (Tg.) You say, t L i i.e. t[When] thy tongue [is such as keeps the g,) aor. of the latter s.jl, (Ks, JK, S,) [inf. n. I vied, or contended, with himn (JK, secret confided to thee], and thy heart [is trust- app. j,]J worthy, thou tv;ltfollom the riygt way in respect TO) in mutual abasing, &c., (TI,) and I surof thy two states, thy state in the present world passed, or overcame, him [therein]: (JK:) [or it may signify, in abasement, &c.; for] the meanand thy state in the n,orld to come]. (TA.) .* . s s. . ing [of the latter verb with its pronoun] is '* ce ci and :, j: (K: in thle C., t.: but in a l,t. t ' ol. . The nearest roads, or Nway. (l,; TA. [In the MS copy of the Is, .,-.) .]) C], htff . is erroneously put for ;j

735 that was a cause of shame, or ofabasem,nt or disgrace]. (TA.) 9. ~0~jd.: 10: see 1. se 1.

. [part. n. of Lji'] Base, abased, abject,
r*ile despicable, or ignominiout. (MA.) also i 1 ,j and .]


Ed.. A labit, a quality, a practice, or an action, (JK,) or a crime, a sin, or an offenace, or act of disobedience, (TA,) of which one is, or should be, ashamed: (JK, TA: [and Vt1 , which is coupled therewith in the JK, app. as syn. with it, properly signifies a thing, or an action, &c., that is a cause of shame, or of aba.ment or disgrace; being a noun of the clas of l. and '.-; orininally :A-l: me 4, last , of the form of an act. sentence:]) and t

signifies s.jil, [the same; or] a part. n., from bad, an evil, or a foul, habit, quality, practice, and of or action: the pl. of this last is ;j., (Myb.) Or the same [and of !'.. also] j'. the first signifies A habit, a practite, or an action, in mchich one becomes base, depicable, or ignominious. (Mgh.) - Also A trial, or an affliction, (K, TA,) into which on its made to . (]i.) fall; (TA;) and so tv

i.5. : see what next precedes. i&.- Jfored, or affected, with shame; (~,
: Msb, 1, and Yam p. 36;) as also t (iar p. 482:) or, tith much shame, (Ltb, JK, TA,) on account of a bad, or foul, deed that he has done: (Lth, TA:) or it may signify [like ] bae, abased, abjeet, tvile, de,picable, or ig9o,ninious: (Ham ubi supr&:) fem. .' (Lth, JK, ~,l) and Utgj., which is irreg.: (TA:) pl. ~llj. (Lth, JK, ~, ~.7 Rendered base, abject, rile, depicabil, *S or ignominious, by a thirig proved against him. (TA.) [See also 1. and j 4.i.] ,;f. j').b Speech, or language, that is approved, to that one says of its author, 2t #;&1. (TA.) They relate that El-FarezdaJF gave utterI,U ance to an excellent verse, and said, l. 5J'', i. e. [This is a verse sach as that,] wh it is recited, people nwill say, [or rather, ^sh as ' ' will make it to be said of me,] L a.$M 41

4. #j1.l .le (God) abased hin; or rendered him base, abjert, rile, despicable, or ignominious: or may Ile abase him ; &c.: (S, Mqb :) or le (S,)inf. n. jj, disg/raced him, or put hll to sltame: or may lie L. ;,j/, (S, R,) nor. :,;, (S, i.) He ruled, or governed, /himo; and subdued dig'race hinma, &c. (.g.) Hence, in the lur i broke, or trained, [xi. 80], the saying of Lot to his people, 'j him. ($, ].) And a'l,Jl l He Also lie withheld, or restrained, ,ge.h g j ; (TA) And disgrace ye not me the beast. (.)_ him from [indulging] his natural kesire. (]g.) in respect of my guexts : (Bd, Jel, TA:) or nake And ,.AI Ilj, inf. n. as above, lie wvithheld, or not me ashamed &c. (1Bd.) One says also, of rustrained,the soulfrom its purpose, or intention. him who bas done or said that which is approved, With- ij . & .1.l (JK.) One says, tL i - a;ll dJ C. [vWhat aikth him? May God hold thou, or restrain thIou, thy soul from its abase him, or disgrace him .!]; and so without purpose, or intention, and malhe it to endure a Lt: (K:) it is like &W, Ui S G, said of a patiently the right course of ecents, in obedience man whose action pleases: (? in art. j/U :) it is to God. (TA.)- And lie slit hix tongue [to used in lieu of praise, to charm a person against present his sucking]; namely, a young camel's. the evil eye; and means a prayer for him, not an (V.) - He posseased him, or it. (1K.) - He imprecation against him. (TA.) See also '*, treated him, or regarded him, ,withenmnit, or below. -Also He made him to be ashamedfor hostility. (.)_.And .js (JK, TA) and iejlLa. himself (.Ham pp. 114 and 397, and TA) in (JK) signify The act of piercing, or thrusting, respect of him,for his shortcoming. (TA.) [See (JK, TA,) with spears. (JK.) the citation from the Kur above.] - -Ie compelled him, or constrained him, to admit an evideuce, or a proof, wrhereby he abased him, or disHe aided him in, graced him. (TA.) -And ;1j [i. e. a thing to keep to, a and made him (?, Mgb,o L ' aor.ii·L int. n. 0 `~

*,a:l [May God abase, or ditgraee, the sayer
thereof! Hown good, or excelent, a poet it he 1].

(TA. [See 4.]) [Hence,]




ode] that is extremely good. (TA.) :a._, said in the MA to be an inf. n. of t~,:



see 3il*..


,, (M,b, TA,) sec. pers.


(Fr, ,


730 -


[BooK I.

(A, M9b, TA;) and injurious to the venereal factlty: (TA:) n. un. meaning L..I "i r[o thom awray: or go thou -,, sec. pers. , aor. W; (Myb, TA ;) with ;. (Myb.) awayfrom me]. (TA.) ), O, 4 i 4 .1, in the /ur [xxiii. 110], is expressive of removil inf. n. (Fr, ,A, 1) and Li. (Fr, 8, A, to a distance with anger; [meaning t Goye away AMyl, 0) and .. , (TA,) 11£ (a man) was, or became, lor or ignoble, base, vile, mean or sordid, ,t- .'l s ss ~ These things, or af- into it, (i e. the fire of Hell,) and peaJk not unto Mc.] (Zj.) - [And hence, tHe was, or became, fairs, are done by thenm by turns. (JF, I.) ,.cakh; (Fr, ?, A, I ;) [or, more commonly,] convik and despised and hated: so says Golius, as temptible: (Fr,^ , A, I :) and it (a thing) was, uf-A, applied to a man, and to a lot or por- on the authority of the KL; but this meaning is or became, bass, vile, or mcan; (TA;) or contemptible, paltry, or inconsiderable; (Msb,?TA;) tion or share, ($, A, If,) or a thing, (Meb, TA,) not in my copy of that work: it agrees, however, Low or ignoble, base, vile, mean or sordid, weak; with a signification of the part. n. C q. v.] v, and bad, corrupt, abominable, or disapproved. ($, A, 1;) [or, more commonly,] contemptible; 1 Also, inf n. ; and i [as above], aid a ., a .. ,s C-rA .); kja_, i., and and ,nd , and .. , tit I,i,)was, or becaeu, (A, MSb, ;) as also , and , :--; of the sight, (AZ, [liit action, and his saying, and his opinion, ( ;) and, applied to a thing, also, paltry, or in- dazzled, or conJfusd, (AZ, $, TA,) and dim. and his fortune, was, or became, low or ignoble, (g, TA.) considerable; and so V,*;e and.,; &c] (A.)-..,, aor. , It was, or became, bad, corrupt,abominablo, or disapproved: (TA:) 3. l4l4., (i,) inf. i. L;., (8,) ITCY liyht of weight, not equal to what corresponded fem. with ;: (Mgh, MSb:) pl. mase. ,L; and threw stones, one at another; (S,R;) u also with it. (Mh.)_,,, aor. ; (Mb;) ,,.L. (MNb, TA) and (g,) or ; .mJ Ij l j.M. (8.) And ;..; (A;) pl. fem. * bj-l-, 9 and tj;.., (Sk, , Mb, ,) inf. n. -. ! $t.. (Mgh, . MSb.) ', , and ;L4I.,., I ~.j4b [There nws betwnm them (ISk, ;) ? He did what mas low or ignoble, base, ril, mean or sordid, weak; [or, more com- *~., ,.~ tA low, or mean, fortune, that is not a contending in throiring, or throwing of stones]. (, TA.) [See also art. ]_And -. *g X . monly,] contmptible: (18k,* ?, MSb,' 1 :) or held in any estimation. (A.)__ - .5 J., , , means .. ti [lIe contends in a game of hazard]. the latter signifies h did something lom or ?j.,Jl ~!,Lt L [lIe oiU not enter into low,mean, (IB, TA in art..s..) ignoble, &c., in actions. (TA.).in, e v, or contemptible, affairs]. (A.) -- W is also 6: see 3. (8, A, Mgh,* If,) aor. 4; (S, TA;) and applied to A disbeliever, an unbeliver, or iinjdel. 7: see 1. t s."1; (Mgh ;) He made his lot, portion, or (TA.) share, to be low or ignoble, base, vile, mean; [or, sfl Bad wool. (O,.) i4.. fem. of &.' (Mg,h, Msb.) _- You nmore commonly,] contemytible: (S,^A, Mgh,' ] i; ' kv: God rai,ed the *~, applied to a dog, and to a swine, (j,) K:) and L1J.,1 , and t li, lie made the say also, lot, portion, or share, little, and incomplete. (TA.) condition of such a one after it had been low: and to a devil, (TA,) Driven away, repelledl, and . 1, Idid to him a ntot svffered to come near to inen. (], TA.).. - Also L ,., [and t [Z-,1] [He made (Az, TA :) or his fortutu to be low or ignoble, &c.; or con- deed whereby helibecame raised to a high con- And [hence,] t Contemnptible, de,picable, vilc, or teiptible; differing from the signification im- dition. ($, :.) ~ The teeth of a she-camel alject. (TA.) -_Applied to the sight, tDazzled, mediately preceding, being said to be tropical.] within the period of the shedding of the central or confused, (8, TA,) and dim. (TA.) So in the (A.) The Arabs say of a man without any good incisors: you say . - 3,': ejj+ .'Wl . [Thec words of the .Kur [lxvii. 4], .1 ~lh 'i fortune in dithe present life, .i. VIIT, i t[God ew-camel passed beyond the period of her LLs. I[T1he sigqht will recoil to thee dazzled, or made his fortune mean, or contemptible]; as also L...']: this is in the sixth year, when she confused, or dim]: (Q, TA:) or the meaning here is tcontetnptibl.: or vithdrawing far away: or .L,.. (AM, TA.) sheds her central incisor: she is then such as is it is of the measurc j.U in the sense of the allowable for sacrifice. (S, K.) 4. ..1: see ,,, in two places. ~ l: measure J, , [meaning repelled far away,] t, The state of him, or it, that is . see .. i W_ and what follows it, in four places. like a Lt-, in the lur [lxix. 21 and ci. 51, [i. c. low or ignoble, &c.]. (TA.)~ A foul, or - Also Hefound him to be low or ignoble, base, for (TA.) rile, mtean or' ordid, weak; [or, more commonly,] an ugly, woman. (TA.) [See also ,..] contemptible. (S,^ ].) v.1 [More, and most, , i. e., low or 6. ,sjA TThey did it by turns: or they 1. -, (, A, Mob, K, &c-,) aor.-; (g ;) hastened together, or vied in hastening, to do it. ignoble, &c.]. You say, ' ,*.. .l . t, I have not seen any more low or ignoble, or, more com(Ugh, g.) and ', aor. ; (i ;) but the latter is an unmonly, contemptible, than he, or it]. (A.) usual form [except in the sense of ,-]; ,B, 10. &...L.ul .He reckoned, accounted, or A man made, or renderd, low or TA;) inf. n. p,. esteemed, him low or ignoble, base, vile, mean or (, A, Mob, K) and .. sordid, weak; [or, more commonly,] conterptible. ignobl, &c., and weak. (TA.) - See also (8, Msb, K) and oL j (Moh, f) [which are the ,.,T-s., in two places. only forms assigned in the TA to the verb when (8,'if.)--'.JL. t[aH accounted his fortune low or ignoble, &c.]. (A.) used with reference to traffic] and .A and i. ~,~L.. and se c: ,. - Also, and j.i and ;jL..; (ig ;) He lost, or guffered ,. [Lettuce; lactuca;] a certain plant, (8, both words, A foul, or an ugly, face: fem. with lom or diminution: or hc was deceived, cheated, Mlsb, ],) of the kind called J, (8, R,) well ;. (I, TA.) [See also L.l..] beguiled, or circumvented: (i:) 1.1 .I in known, (MSb, ]Z,) of the description termed selling; (8;) or z. . in his selling; (A;j)or jl.l, [i. e., that are eaten without being cooked, "j~qJ 3 in his tra; c: (M9 b, K: [see also 4:]) or that are slender and succulent, or slender and former is the original signification: (TA:) soft,] with broad leavres: it increases the bloold: 1L .2, (S, K,) aor. ', (,) i.f.n... (s,O the he suffered diminution of his capital; he lost part the wild hind has the property of the black poppy : and :, (1.,) He drore anway a dog: ($, K :) the best is the garden-kind, [lactuca satira,]which hc chid him. (Lth.) ~ It is also intrans., (S,) thercof: (B, TA:) and he lost his c.auital altolt.... is also is succulent, yellow, and broad [in the leaf]: it and signlifies He (a dog) went awaIy, to a dis- gether. (Bd in iv. 118; &c.) attributed to an action, as well as to a man: (B, is cold and moist in temperament: the most nu- tance; (S, 1 ;) ; [being drircn away, or chidden ; TA:) you say, (but in this came the verb is used tritious is that which i3 cooked; and it is useful as also ( ', and a,) *tl.. (S, K.)_ tropically, A,) ;j' ' ... [lHis traffc was for counteractingcontrariety of the Jluids; but the eatiny it constantly weakens the sight, and is [Hience,] tropically, said to a man, ~."I 't.!, losing; or an occasion of los]; (A, B;) opposed

A, MIb, If,) aor. ,,.;


Boox I.] '. (A.) It is also used in relation to to &.. personal acquisitions; such as health, and safety, and intellect, and faith, and the recompense or reward of obedience [to God], whlich God has declared [lur xxii. 11 and xxxix. 17] to be mani, (B,) since there is none like it. (Bd.) fest C , and wt., lie For instance, you say, U ,.., lost his intecUet, and his property. (IAar.) [In a phrase of this kind, the noun whlich immediately follows the verb may be considered as put in the aceus. case on account of the rejectiou of a prep., is never namely t.: for] it is said that ~ used otherwise 'than intransitively: though this has been contradicted, on the ground of tle foling "he attributed, or imputed, to him lying," dc. (Msb.) 4. ;..l i q. of ., whicll see in three places: (A'Obeyd, Zj, S, A, Msb:) [and particularly] He made him to lose, or nuffer loss, in his traffic; Ie fell into yl contr. of ~ I. (A.)i And loss; (A;) he met wvith loss in his tra.ic. (TA. [See also 1.])



his mouth be dust, and may thefever of Khleyber befall him, and eril be that which he aroll see, for he is one who goeth astray: but in the TA, in art. UJ3, is another reading; for SJ9I aA, substituting ijiil w, meaning a certain disease]. [Foolish, (TA.) [Hence,] t,; t1; .;.. j;~ or stupi(l, erring, and utterly perisring]. (T in art. ;,.. [See ,AQ: and see also l.]).Also


an in£ n. of i.

(S, Mbb, l.)

In the One who nakes the measure, and the balance,

Kur ciii. 2, accord. to some, it means Punishment defective, or deficent, when he gives, and demands for sin. (TA;) excens when he receives. (AA.) 7: seet S,t.: see the next paragraph.

K.) (S, A,Msb, A. ~l1, a. inf. n. of · a simple 1. As see usages thereof, particular [For .. JI ]ur [xxii. 11], !?w:i phrase in the ;jld.1. [lie hath lost, or he loseth, the things of subst., it generally signifies Loss, or the state of the preent life and of the latter life]; and the stfflering loss or diminution: the state of being deceied or cheated: error,or deriationfrom the I [lrho shall l4,a like; as right nray: (see also ; :) or the state of behare lot themelves, or their own souls, and their coming lost, of perishing, or of dying.] - It is fatilies, or their wires; gur xxxix. 17 and xlii. 44]; (MF, TA;) i. e., themselves, or their also an inf. n. of *... (K.) own souls, by their having erred, and their families by their lhaving caused them to err, or by being separated from them for ever; (Bd ;) or by being themselves made to remain for ever in lIell, and by their not gaining access to the j. prepared in Paradise [as wives] for the believers: (Jel :) or the meaning is, accord. to l:r, who shall be deceived of their owt souls, 4'c.: or, accord. to others, who shall hare dstroyed their own souls, :5c. (TA.) - Also [He eapericeed,or san, that be was a loser; or] his havitng lost became mantifest to him: so in the ]1ur xl. [78 and] last vcrsc. (TA.) - Also (withl all the forms of the inf. n. above mentioned, ],) lie erred; went astray; deciatedfrom, or lost, or missed, the right way: or hie became lost; he perixlshedl; or he diedl: svn. _,. (A 'O()eyd, j, (Ig,) and ,.J.. (M.sb.) lAar,Zj, , A, &c.,) nor. (Zj, Msb) and !, (Bd .; (1 ;) . (Msb, K) and l in Iv. 8,) inf. n. l, (A 'Obeyd, Zj, S, A, Msb,) intf. n. ,bnd 5,i..._: see what next follows. (TA, [but the (A, K,) or 51ilj, 5 1l,, former is the better known,]) A certainhlind of garment or cloth; (A, g;) so called in relation to Khusrow Shahi, one of the [kings of Persia -lb]; as also called] ;r1bl5 [pl. of tM" or - (A,TA.) )LS2~i beverage. (J.) And A certain wine or q. v.,]

A man in a place [or con_. and t 5J. [or loss, &c.]: (V in the present dition] of l' (g in art. . :) pl. y~l. art. and in ar.
-_ And [the pl.] it.idLJI, in several r.~.) fijTl, copies of the 1], in other copies of the v t. but correctly tI; Il, (TA,) The weak of n,nhind; (g, TA;) and the small, or little, of themn; (TA;) as also t., laJI, in the former sense, (K and TA in art. j.a.,) and in the latter sense (ig also: (TA in that art.:) and ldll J1 Jl; ., accord. and TA in this art.; and K in art. to several copies;) i.e. The people of perfidy, unfaithfulness, or treaclery; and of basnes, ignoblnesn, ungeneroumnes, or mcanneu: (TA in the present art.:) or Lmq.JI JAl; because of their [as though meanweakness; (TA in art. j....;) ing the people of conwardice (aLm.JI) or it may I); mean the people of the burial-ground (IJ for, accord. to A.H&t, t~L:.JI signifies those who conduct [to the burial-ground] the corpse or the bier with the corpse; perhaps from j-~ meaning "stnall, or little, and weak men." (TA.)


and t ;ljC., [both inf. ns. of .,

(S,) and tkS,f., (S M, , in some copies of the 9 written , ;., with Op, TA,) Error; or leviation fromn the right n'a!: [like J,.p :] (S:) and perdition; or death; (S,]9;) as also t which last [is V',, (e, and 1 in art. .:,) of a pl. form, but] has no sing. (S.)- And all the foregoing words, including tj.,.;c~, .Baseness, ignoblenacs, ungenerou.enc., or manness; (] ;) the last, in poetrv, shortened to .A.i: (TA:) ;,J; (Msb,K;) and to; ( Q.O'-a, a,) as some say, Vj~., and, (A;) l,c md,le and it defective, or deficient; (A 'Obeyd, IAor, Zj, S, (TA,) pertidy, unfaithfulncsx, or treachcry. (, A, Msb, K ;) namely, tile weighlt, and the inea- TA.) sure; (Zj, TA;) and the thiing weiglhed; (TA;) ;,+ see and thle balance, (A 'Obeyd, IAr, Zj, A, Msb,) t by diminishing the weighlt. (Msb.) The second ,L.d: see JLG. of these forms is more common, in this sense, than ;>.t Losing, or suffering loss, in his traffic. the first (Zj, TA) [naud than the third]. For (Ltl;.) And [hence,] , . jt*j [Losing trffic; ~1je1 It`. ', in the lur lv. 8, there are trajc rwhich is an occasion of loss]; opposed to and La three other readings; namely I.,. °'L. t A bargaintha i. . a.$'. (A.) And ,; in the last of which, tlhe prep. and gain [but on the contrary occasions does not bring is omitted after the verb. (Bd.) - [And He, or j .5. . t An unprofitable los]. (TA.) And it, mnade him to lose, or snTer loss; to err, or go ( -K.). One who has lost his charge or assault. astray; to become lost, or to perish.] property, and his intellect. (IA;r.)- Errng; (S, . q. going astray; deviating from, or losing, or misn,) ',, (A, Y,) inf.n. 2. ;..:~., q. v.: (A:) [and particularly] lie, or it, sing, the right way: or becoming lost; perishing; destroyed him; caused him to perih. (S, .) or dying: syn. JLd: (g:) and so tI.& (TA)


(] in art.


[in the CI, erroneously,

, (Ibn-'Oyfoor, Alyei, and g k .,]- ) or * ' in the present art.,) Base, ignoble, ungenerous, or mean: (.g:) and perfidious, unfaithful, or treacherous. (TA in explanation of the latter.) (the former accord. to the X in art. -Also y..s, and the latter likewise accord. to the TA in the present art.,) A calamity, or misfortune: , (g, TA:) pl. {of the latter] in this seanse (lAir, TA.) like j,.
ee h.: ace .: see js., in two place : - and see also l.. _-. Also One rwho will not accept an invitation to partake of food, lest he should be required to make a requital: so in a trad. of 'Omar. (TA.)
,a , O




s :;; ;..~ The e vilnew of his con- and t*L- and teS 'i., (g, TA, but the last ,~L ' ee : sand see also 'i.. duct causjed him to perish. (A.) - lie put him for it is ) or .', away, or far away; removed, alienated, or written in the Cg 5~, ;i. a word [of a pl, form] having no sing.: estranged, hint; (IAtr, Myb;) from good, or said to occur [as an epithet] only in the following (p:) see j1, in three places. _ [Also pl. of protperity. (IApr.) - lle attributed, or im- saying, in which LS4L is mid to be put for in two places. See abo ,.., . , q. v.] s.-- to assimilate it to preceding words:Je4 i...e. loss; or ,rror, or i. puted, to him 1 wpon of the mountaingoat The rine Also -I... .--,, . ,,., meandesatonfrom the right way]: like in tbis ahrub]: (g the trea [or herbage and the Iw CaL UC L£0m [in . kJpcS Bk. L 93
You say,

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful