Terminalia catappa (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Terminalia catappa Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Myrtales Family: Combretaceae Genus: Terminalia Species: T. catappa Binomial name : Terminalia catappa L.Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the Leadwood tree family, Combretaceae. The tree has been spread widely by humans and the native range is uncertain. It has long been naturalised in a broad belt extending from Africa to Northern Australia and New Guinea through Southeast Asia and Micronesia into the Indian Subcontinent. More recently the plant has been introduced to parts of the Americas. Common names include , Bengal almond, Singapore almond , Ebelebo, Malabar almond,Indian almond, Tropical almond, Sea almond, Talisay tree, Umbrella tree and Zanmande (creole).
Leaves before falling in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It grows to 35 metres (110 ft) tall, with an upright, symmetrical crown and horizontal branches. The Terminalia catappa has corky, light fruit that is dispersed by water. The nut within the fruit is edible when fully ripe,tasting almost like almond. As the tree gets older, its crown becomes more flattened to form a spreading, vase shape. Its branches are distinctively arranged in tiers. The leaves are large, 15–25 centimetres (5.9–9.8 in) long and 10–14 centimetres (3.9–5.5 in) broad, ovoid, glossy dark green and leathery. They are dry-season deciduous; before falling, they turn pinkish-reddish or yellow-brown, due to pigments such as violaxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Branches with new leaves and flower spikes in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. The flowers are monoecious, with distinct male and female flowers on the same tree. Both are 1 centimetre (0.39 in) in diameter, white to greenish, inconspicuous with no petals; they are produced on axillary or terminal spikes. The fruit is a drupe 5–7 centimetres (2.0–2.8 in) long and 3–5.5 centimetres (1.2–2.2 in) broad, green at first, then yellow and finally red when ripe, containing a single seed.
In Suriname. It is also thought that the leaves contain agents for prevention of cancers (although they have no demonstrated anticarcinogenic properties) and antioxidant as well as anticlastogenic characteristics. the leaves (and also the bark) are used in different traditional medicines for various purposes. The wood is red.Cultivation and uses Terminalia catappa is widely grown in tropical regions of the world as an ornamental tree. tasting slightly acidic. it has been utilized in Polynesia for making canoes. a tea made from the leaves is prescribed against dysentery and diarrhea. saponines and phytosterols.
. For instances. The fruit is edible. in Taiwan fallen leaves are used as a herb to treat liver diseases. punicalagin or tercatin). in telugu it is called as BADAM CHETTU The leaves contain several flavonoids (like kaempferol or quercetin). solid and has high water resistance. several tannins (such as punicalin. grown for the deep shade its large leaves provide. Due to this chemical richness.
The leaves also known as Ketapang or wild almond leaves in some places. a strong brown dye is given off.. When the dried leaves falls into water.
Indian Almond Leaves for Betta Fish
By Ong Hui Woo One of the secrets to raising strong and healthy is bathing your fish in tea made from Indian Almond leaves. then cut one small piece of the leaf and leave it in the tank for a week. is very similar to your Betta fishes' natural habitat and they will love you for it. my Betta was sucking the blood worms like there is no tomorrow! To use the Indian almond leaves. Soak the leaf overnight in the water and you will see the water turning brownish the next day. Humic and tannins from the Indian almond leaves lowers the pH of the water.Keeping the leaves in an aquarium is said to lower the pH and heavy metal content of the water. absorbs harmful chemicals and help create a soothing and calm environment for the fish. you will know it when their body turn pale and rest on the tank floor all the time. which can be quite a traumatic journey for the fishes. Local hobbyists also use it for conditioning the betta's water for breeding and hardening of the scales. Even Bettas can get 'sea sick' sometimes . Then a friend recommended I put a square inch of the leaves into the tank and let it soak overnight. The next day. The leaves can also be used to treat bacteria infection and help the Bettas recover from injuries. I would recommend one palm size leaf to 10 gallons of water. It has been utilized in this way by Betta breeders in Thailand for many years. The water which is darken to a yellowish brown (tea-like color) after a few days. I use the leaves to help settle my Betta fishes when I first bring them home from the aquarium. The dye contains organic acids humic and tannins. Some people have used it to increase breeding frequency. comes from a tree known to produce a chemical that defends itself against insects and parasites. If you are helping your Betta fish recover from sickness.. The first time I discovered the healing qualities of the leaves was when one of my Betta won't eat for a few days after I brought it home.
I can send them to you. Malabar Almond. punicalagin or tercatin).In most places these leaves are not available freely. Due to this chemical richness. Alternative Names Indian Almond leaf. Amandel Huu Kwang. Amandier de Cayenne.com and if I am not too busy. West Indian Almond. email me at admin@tothefish. just pay for the shipping cost. Kottamba Benefits Unsubstantiated claims of a reduced presence of fungus. Ketapang. saponines and phytosterols. boosted immune system and helping skin problems in fish are also reported. I do have a few trees growing outside my house.
From The Aquarium Wiki
Contents 1 What is it? 2 Alternative Names 3 Benefits 4 Does it work? 5 Purchasing the leaves 6 Indian almond leaves and Betta fish 7 Dosage What is it? Terminalia catappa is a species of tropical tree that grows in Asia. the leaves (and also the bark) have long been used in different traditional medicines for various purposes. The leaves do contain several flavonoids (like kamferol or quercetin). Huu Kwang. Ketapang. several tannins (such as punicalin. Kobateishi. Java Almond. Umbrella Tree. Sea Almond. Wild Almond. It is widely believed that placing the dried leaves of this tree in your aquarium (especially with Betta fish) causes the animals better health and therefore longer life. Myrobalan. Singapore Almond.
. Badamier. So if you desperately need them. Tropical Almond.
The tannins and other chemicals which are dissolved in the water by the decomposition of organic material is called Blackwater. Does it work? Scientific sources of the benefits of Indian almond leaves to humans are few and far between. Studies of rotting plant material (see bogwood) have shown that the organic material releases minerals as beneficial fungi and bacteria decompose it. There are many companies selling Amazon and African blackwater bottles. etc. It has been utilized in this way by Betta Breeders in Thailand for many years. Failing that.It is also thought that the large leaves (7-10" long) contain agents for prevention of cancers (although they have no demonstrated anticarcinogenic properties) and antioxidant as well as anticlastogenic characteristics. Bogwood is well known at lowering pH and reduces the toxicity of metals. In fishkeeping the leaves are also used to lower the ph and heavy metals of the water. Purchasing the leaves The leaves are not generally sold commercially in aquarium shops. other plants like Green tea. So Indian almond leaves may simply be Asia's equivalent. So we recommend you look there. The leaves should be evenly brown on both sides with no signs of fungus mould (light grey patches). Which is an aid to lowering the presence of fungus and certain species of bacteria. The organic matter is also as a food source for catfish like Plecos and is a natural food for infusoria which invertebrates like shrimp and other small fish feed off. Oak leaves are often used in aquariums as an alternative. before you add it to an aquarium is a prudent move. Cranberrys. Dock leaves. though there is one product we've came across . are all well known for their health benefits. Hobbyists across the world also use them for conditioning the betta's water for breeding and harding of the scales. The trick is to obtain the same species of plants that grow in the wild animals locale. Certainly chemical analysis of these leaves show a high degree of variety of chemicals. The leaves are not expensive. In an aquarium these chemicals will be missing so it seems sensible to assume that adding these chemicals via blackwater or bogwood will potentially restore this imbalance.Bio-Leaf by Degen Discus.
. Certainly aquatic animals evolved alongside trees growing next to them. eBay and AquaBid often have sellers of these items. Perhaps similar benefits may also be seen if you were to use standard bogwood in your aquarium. Give the leaf a rinse in tap water to remove any possible lingering pesticides. Indian almond leaves and Betta fish There appears to be word-of-mouth speculation of this leaf being used by far eastern aquarists for hundreds of years to harden the skin and increase the health of this fighting fish after bouts of fights. We can find no similar scientific studies on the benefits of this leaf in aquariums. Tree leaves falling in and decomposing will have released dozens of trace minerals that the animals will have naturally absorbed. Keep any unused leaves in an air and watertight container away from light and heat will ensure that any unused leaves will keep for at least 4-6 months. etc. This provides food for infusoria which in turn shrimps and fry enjoy eating as a natural diet. Tree spinach.
The dried leaves are ideal for reducing fish loss due to bacterial disease.Dosage Assuming an average 6-10" (15. The colour of the water also turns to brown gradually thereby creating an environment of black water. Even the dried leaves contain this chemical substance. they will sink after 2-3 days. Add one leaf per 50 litres of water for all fishes under medication. you can see them around Lalbagh and Cubbon Park areas. N.4cm) long leaf. Asia and India.) for other species. They help to absorb harmful chemicals and thus create a soothing and calm environment for the fish. here lies a simple way of enhancing your water parameters by using a leaf of the Great Indian Almond Tree… Like our good friend Aditya said: Take care of the water. These leaves when put into water release anti-bacterial substances into the water. They are not suitable for hard water fishes such as African cichlids. rasboras and catfishes.2-25. Almond leaves actually release organic acids like humic and tannins. If leaves deteriorate by breaking or tearing. For the better aquarists there are products commercially available to improve water conditions. dwarf cichlids. Afterwards carbon may be used to remove the tannins but this may impact on their benefit. But the majority of us end up buying either low grade stuff OR pay very high to get better products.) Usage/Dosage: Almond leaves are particularly suitable for sensitive soft water fishes baby discus. they are sold at $1 per leaf!! (Where they can be bought via the Internet .2 US G. Expect the water to tint slightly brown with the tannins. The fishes will be rejuvenated with improved vitality. remove the leaf immediately and replace with another.E. or start withering. Disasters with aquariums happen mainly because of poor water standards. This lowers the pH. it can be in there as long as two weeks. But. The plants are seen in most residential areas and dry leaves are a plentiful to pick.ed. Duration: Depending on the condition of the leaf. and for keeping sensitive species. In Bangalore. Nagendra of India Aquarticles Quite often we tend to neglect the quality of water provided for fish in containment. Leave them in the tank for around 15 days in a filter bag or let them lie loose. you use one quarter of this for every 4L (1. Availability: These are available in almost all cities in India. Benefits of almond tree leaf: The (wild) Sea Almond tree (Terminalia catappa) produces a poison in its leaves and sap to defend against insect parasites. the fish will take care of themselves. rare bettas and all black water tetras. Remove any active carbon before adding them. Various parts of almond trees are also used in traditional medicine practices throughout S. or one leaf for a 3 feet standard aquarium for general maintenance.1 US G. Another important thing is that using almond leaves regularly also helps in spawning activities in fishes!!
.) litres for Bettas or 1-2 leaves per 50L (13. In Singapore.
The poor man’s water conditioner by S.