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Information extracted from http://www.boli.state.or.


May 3, 2006

Construction workers often work outdoors and in physically demanding occupations. They typically work in teams to specifications and plans within a narrow range of tolerance for error. Workers are usually required to travel from one job site to another and must frequently travel out of their local area. Construction workers, while paid very well, are subject to layoffs, particularly in the winter months. It is important to be able to budget and prepare for potential periods of unemployment.

Occupational training that combines supervised on-the-job training experience with classroom instruction. Apprentices usually begin at half the salary of journey workers - those who have completed their training and have industry certification. Apprentices receive pay increases as they learn to perform more complex tasks. When they become journey workers, they increase their chances of finding a well-paying job in industry and may become supervisors or go into business for themselves. Apprenticeship committees, made up equally of employee and employer representatives from the specific industries and concerned trades, operate apprenticeship programs.

The Work Ironworkers erect the structural framework for high rise buildings, bridges, power plants and towers, place reinforcing steel in concrete forms for roadways, foundations and structures, and put up aluminum facings on high rise window walls. They use wrenches, connecting bars, tape measures, levels, jacks, welding torches, oxy-acetylene torches. The Working Conditions Ironworkers work mostly outside and at heights. They often travel to job sites out of town or where no public transportation is available. A valid driver's license and reliable transportation are necessary.

Laborer – Construction
The Work The construction laborer uses hand, air and gasoline powered tools to assemble, disassemble, clean, compact or settle wood, metal material, concrete and earth. The laborer works in and around all types of buildings, highway structures and utility ditches. Often the work involves carrying material to workers in another craft, for example, supplying mixed mortar to bricklayers. The Working Conditions Laborers work outdoors in all kinds of weather and conditions. They may work at heights or below the surface of the earth in ditches and holes. Lifting, carrying and moving around hazardous surfaces are common.

The Work

pumps. The Working Conditions Operating engineers work outdoors. Work conditions vary with each job. balance. they must be knowledgeable of the hazards and safety requirements of the job. They are usually employed on site for the duration of the project. place and vibrate concrete. Carpenters must meet certain strength requirements. job sites and requirements. rammers. stairs. They build wood framing for houses. landscape. walls. highways and ports. pavers. climbing. Tilesetter The Work 2 . including houses. They are sometimes required to commute long distances or to relocate for weeks or months to remain employed. bulldozers. Bricklayer Restoration. bridges. lifting and squatting. build cabinets and counter tops and may work on drywall. metal jambs and ceilings.200 to 1. trench excavators and other heavy construction equipment used for the construction of buildings. tunnels. The Working Conditions Laborer's work is performed both indoors and outdoors. underground. Because laborers work in varied conditions. factories and highways.Laborers range from unskilled to semi-skilled workers and work on all types of construction projects including highways. The average operator works 1. store fronts and hand rails. Stone Mason. footings. and do a variety of other jobs. airports. carry. Carpenter The Work Carpenters construct and remodel almost every kind of structure. and forms for concrete and frame buildings. and vibrators. decks and sheaths. Marble Setter. roofs. install pipe. kneeling. at heights. columns and stairs. Apprentices must be flexible and adaptable to different environments. Operating engineer apprentices can work in the mechanical field as heavy-duty truck and equipment mechanics and as technical engineers (surveyors). They may work with pavement breakers. commercial buildings. or above or under water. The Working Conditions The work is physically demanding and involves a good deal of standing. electricity and compressed air. and could include working either 100 feet below ground or on 100 foot high scaffolding. They are skilled in interior and exterior finish work and are able to read blueprints. Terrazzo Worker. high rise buildings and residential construction. Mason: Bricklayer. be agile and have good hand-eye coordination. Laborers lift. wood flooring. Carpenters install doors. climb. kneel. and crawl. Sometimes carpenters need to travel or relocate to take an available job. either indoors or outdoors. compressors. Laborers must know how to work with their hands and with power tools run by gasoline. depending on weather conditions. Operating Engineer The Work Operating engineers operate cranes. lasers. bridges. churches. measure accurately and calculate dimensions. windows. Laborers clear timber and brush. Locations on the job site generally changes several times during the year. dams.500 hours per year.

including concrete rubbers. The Working Conditions Finishers can work long.Bricklayers construct walls. end pointing. Good Physical condition is a must. swinging and/or hanging scaffold. chimneys. Individuals are registered as an apprentice when the apprenticeship committee makes an assignment to a registered employer. The most common method of selecting applicants for construction trades is by a ranked points system. roads. tool. called a training agent. Bricklayers must be able to lift 30+ pound concrete blocks with one hand. The qualified applicants are ranked in order to determine where a person is placed on the pool´s list. Cement Masons work on suspended. There may be periods of unemployment between jobs. repair. Tilesetters generally work indoors. Selection Process The apprentice selection process for construction trades establishes a "pool of eligible applicants" consisting of those applicants who have met the minimum qualifications for the program. irregular hours many times traveling to work throughout the state. All mason jobs require bending and heavy lifting. walkway sand ornamental stone facings of concrete structural products . marble and granite. stairways and cabinets with durable and decorative surfaces made of sand. and set marble in interior and exterior walls and floors and repair and polish marble already set in buildings. Marble setters cut. lines and grades. plugging filling bolt holes. Most of this work is done outdoors. hand chipping. fireplaces. and finish surfaces of poured concrete by hand and machine. work history and an oral interview. Apply cement. kilns and other structures using brick. Finish surfaces to remove imperfections from freshly poured concrete walls. stakes. Terrazzo workers cover floors. planks. cinder blocks. in all types of weather. Tilesetters install ceramic tile. stairways and cabinet fixtures to finish and attain durable and decorative surfaces. Mason: Cement Mason The Work Cement masons install. Work requires heavy lifting and repetitive strenuous tasks. The committee will evaluate applications assigning points based on past education. pigment and marble chips. cement. cement. sand pigment or marble chips to floors. according to specifications and drawings. Composition worker includes installation of epoxy systems and other resinous toppings (with a trowel down component) and power machine operation. screed setting. industrial furnaces. Workers often move to different job sites and may need to work away from home. patching. stone and marble. The Working Conditions Bricklayers' work is usually performed outdoors. Also includes grinding of concrete done as preparatory to patching or when done to produce a finished concrete product. grouting. Cement Mason includes finishing. 3 . dry packing. setting curb forms.