1168

[Boot I.

feared with caution. (TA.) You say, ~' i 10. ,:aJ..,Z He called forth fear of 1iim, so o~. 1: see the next preceding paragraph, in a9J dand .j [In my heart is fear, or cautious that men feared him. (TA.) ° , ·... in the three places. fear, of him, or it]. (A.) _And ;..), inf. n. ]5ur [vii. 113], has been expl. as meaning And ,;;;: see rj.: =" and see also ;. they caUlledforthfearof them, [i. e. of themselves,] and * ;A (J K, Mgh) and L and so that menfeared them. (TA.) _- See also 4. (JK;) [and app. ; j, as seems to be indisee be: ei'J*
cated above;] liefeared him, or it; (JK, Mgh;) S. An emaciated she-camel; (As, S, 15;) or [or feared him, or it, with cautionJ;] namely, a so [the fem.] °a4: (JY :) or the former, a shething. (JK.) m See also the next paragraph, in camel much emaciated; as also tV. j; or, as two places. some say, this last, occurring in a verse, is the 2: see 4.--[Hence, IJ. inf. n. name of a particular she-camel: and the first also jl, lie made himt to have no desire for such signifies a she-camel lean, and lank in the belly: a htiing; to relinquish it, or abstain from it; (TA:) or tall; applied to a lie-camel; (K ;) fem. contr. of J .4j: used in this sense by post- with ;: (TA:) or one that has been used in journeying, and has becomefatigued, or jaded; (J K, clasical writers, and perhaps by classical authors TA;) fem. with ;: and '", signifies a sihealso.- And j lie made him a 1, or camelfatigued, orjaded: and the first, a he-camel monk: in this sense likewise used by post-cinassical large, wide in tits belly-girth, broad in make bewriters; and mentioned by Golius u so used in tween the shoul(ler-joints: (JK:) or wide in the EI-Mekeen's 1Iistory.]m j, said of a man, bones, broad in make between the shoulder-joints. lie was, or became, fatigued, tired, weary, or (TA.)-_Also A slender arrow: or a great arrow: jaded. (JK.) And ,, [so in the TA, app. (TA:) and a thin iron head or blade (S, 1, TA) ,j, but perhiaps t ,J;, without teshdeed,] said of an arrow: ($, TA:) pl. ,.s 2. (.8, .) of a camel, ]Ie rosc, and then lay dowvn upon his breast, by reason of weahnes in his back-bone. '-"&z: see what next follows, in two places. (TA.) You say also, t~f,. ,3:ih ijj ! .a .. ; (Zj, ]1, TA) and t*, (Zj, TA) A (VC, TA,) [or, accordl. to some copies of the I1, sleere: (T,.K:) accord. to Z, (TA,) of the dial. of tg; ,t] inf. n. %e4, (]1,) but in some copies Himyer; but one of the innovations of the exthe verb is an unaugmented triliteral, [app. positions [of the ](ur-an]: (Ksh in xxviii. 32, and t ,] (TA,) Te she-camel nwas fatigued, or TA: [not, as Golius says, referring to the Ksh as jaded, by travel, so he satfeleding her and treatingq his Puthority, of the dial. of the Arabs of Elher nwell until her spirit returned to her. (I,' Heereb :]) said in the Jm to be not of established TA.) m.4 It (an iron head or blade of an authority: but signifying thus accord. to AA: arrow &c.) n'as rubbed [app. so as to be made and so accord. to Zj, (L, TA,) and Mukl.til, (T, L, TA,) in the Kur xxviii. 32; [thcught generally thin: see ]. (J K.) held to be there, accord. to all the various rcad4. .Ajl (J1K, ~, A, ]) and V .. ,(. , A, 10) ings, (whichi are ".JI and ,.Vl and w.1 and lIe, or it,frightened him, or causd him tofear; ".VI,) an inf. n. of .& ;] and Az says that this (., 1 ;) as also t .,: (MA:) or disquieted him, is a correct meaning in Arabic, and the most or agitated him, by frigIhtening. (A.) You say, agreeable with tihe context. (L, TA.) One says, . ,. .. ,,,,, ,,,e~~e · l e ,U .wX Ijl [Th skin quivrers ' it "; ;USJI ~3' meaning I put the thing tlhen frightening befalls from him]. (A, TA.) in my sleeve [to carry it therein, as is often done]. 'i... ' ' -- t , A ---6 And , .j a.A t a, ,,Wl [His valour (TA.) and courage frightened men away from himn]. a. ;: see what next follows:_ and see also (A.) And ! .o l .J [lit I was noet frightened by thee]; meaning I did not see in thee what induced in me ldoubt, or suspicion, or evil opinion. . and ? . and ,.Ac. and I 't_J [which (A,TA.) And J,'l ,j, (JK, A,) inf.n. ,,vl, last I write with tenween accord. to a general (J K, K1,) lie drove away, (A,) or repelled, rule applying to words of the measure f*] and (JK,) or nithheld, (1,) the camels, (JK, A, 1K,) · '.'J and ' J3.'J, each a simple subst., (.K,) ,ji.JI 1 s [from the watering-trough or tank]. as also ? L&, (Msb, [but accord. to the S and K, (A, ]g.) .za.. I (said of a man, TA) also sig- this last is an inf. n. of ..jj,]) signifying Fear: nifies lIe rode a camel such as is termed (Msb, 1] :) or fear wiith caution. (TA.) One (1.) AIlso lIe was, or became, long in the says, ?. - " V .t.;", (S, Meyd, K,) or, ,nj, i. c. sleeve. (1A9r, ]1.') accord. to Mbr, ,. ; t.,,; '. . j, (Meyd,) 6. 9 lie (a man) became a " ; [or monh], [Fearis better than pity, or compassion,] meanfearing Godl, or fearing God nwith reverence or ing thy being feared is better than thy being awev: (TA:) or he devoted himself to religious pitied, or compasionated: (S, Meyd, 1 :) a proservices or exercises (JK, ?, A, 1) in his a3~iO verb. (Meyd. [See 1 in art. ,.]) And t j [or cell]: tA:) or he (a monk) detached himself J3 '> es., a similar prov. [expl. voce .]. [from the world. or became a recluse,] for the (Meyd.) And "% 1 '· .. t. l [also pur~e of devoting himself to religious service or exercise. (Mb.) m lI e threatened expl. voce e..a]. (Lth, TA.) - For the first him. ($.) word, see also `, j.
4

J.Aj Excessivelyfearful. (Bd in lvii. 27.) LCA;: see . Also Fear-

we~: see .Sj, in two places. 1 fid; applied to a man. (S.) ~.sj: see , in two places.

aA,:a;, (JK, 8, Mgh, M9 b, .K,) written in an exposition of the Ma.bmait [of El-Harceree] without teshdeed, (Mgh,) [lonkery; asceticism; the l;fe, or state, of a monk or an ascetic;] the state of a .. 1;, (A, Msb,) or Clristian ldevotee; (Mgh;) the masdar of ;, (JK, S, K.,) as also VL.;: (S, 15:) or it is originally from LaH l; and by a secondary application is used as a noun signifying excess, or eztraragance: (AAF, TA:) or it is from Vt-',J, [which has the same signification, of the measure Laiw from as;, or · J.i~ on the supposition that the O is a radical letter: (lAth, TA:) or it signifies excess in religious serrices or exercises, and discipline, and ithe tdetachinq oneself from manitindtl; and is from
O1;Z, signifying "excessively fearfiul:' so in tho

kur lvii. 27; where it is said, t,s,$

.tj,

(Bd,) meaning tj f kj;.& I._,r'Aj [And they innovated excess &c.: they innovated it]: (AAF, Btl, TA:) and some read witl damm,

[a ,] as tho,,gh from
^

pl. of

(Bd.) It is said in a tr.d., (TA,) j- a,*

)

11l [There is no mnonitery in E,l-Ixldm]; i. e., no sueh thing as the making oneself a eunuch, and putting chains utpon one's neck, andl enaring gnarments of hair-cloth, anetl abstaininrg.fiom fileshmeat, atnd the like. (K.) And in another trd., s9S1kj& ;e ; .4l, A [Keep ye to the wnaging of nwar a 1aninst the inbeliever.,, for it is the asceticism of my people]. (TA.)

_.b and .Jl:

see what next follows.

.4~.

l; (S, K) and a41& and * a*. an(l an cbecornl. to El-Hirmazec, (1K, TA,) [The ensiform cartilage, or lower extreait!y of the sternum;] a ce,'rtain bone, (S, K,) or small bone, (TA,) in the breast, impending over the bielly, (S, 1K, TA,) resembling the tongue, (S,) or like the extremity of the tongue of the dog: (TA:) or a certain cartilage, resembling the tonyue, suspended in the lower part of the breast, impending over the belly: (TA:) the tongue of the sternum, at the louer part: (ISh, TA:) or, accord. to IAar, the extremity (f the stomach: (TA:) pl [or ratbher coll. gen. n.] t [and l*j c,, 3]. (g.) a1Aj and a$tj: see what next precedes. .AIS Fearing; [or a fearer; or fearing nwith caution; or a cautious fearer;] as in the phrase ~a.rg ; [He is one who fears God; or a fearer of God; &c.]: whence the signification

Boot I.] next following. (Mlb.) - A Christian [monk, ascetic, religiou~reclue, or] derotee; (Mgh, Mb ;) one who devotes himelf to religious serices or eaircims, in a ."4 [or clU]; (TA ;) one of the

1169

dust raised in fighting in the cause of God haas tanding: (g :) or so the first word ( or o,r,): entered, the heat of thefire of Hell will not enter a wak man: (JK:) pl. aS?,. (TA.) it]. (TA. [The meaning is shown by another trad. there cited.]) - Also, (19,) or the former '~j: see the next preceding paragraph. word, (TA,) Clouds, (I,) or thin clouds, (TA,) ;1); of the Chriutian: (g, g :) [i e.] the pl. is )-%h, without teshdeed, tA heary [or slow] without water, (.,) resembling dust: (TA:) A;; (A, Mgh, Msb) and ;--; (A;) ?r, some- n. un. with 5. (J.) - Also, (I,) or the former man. (JK.) *-. 0-.. times, * .;; is a sing.; ( ;) as in the following word, (TA,) I Excitement of evil or mischief, of O,,.j: see O,~. ex., cited by IA'r: conflict and faction, of sedition, or of discord or dissension. (IAsr, L, Ig,TA.) .i.aj and Lkb: see ~.,j; for each in two · 'A places. . : see what next follows.

*

3

'L'`

S

[If she spoke to a CAristianmonk in a monastery Weak; (g ;) applied to a young weaned among the summits of a mountain, the Christian camel; (TA;) or to a man and an animal [of · , m, monk would come down running, and so descend]: any kind]: (TI::) and soft; as also ·. j' but he says that the approved way is to use it as (K,) with damm; (TA; in the CgI [erroneously] a pl.: (TA:) and e , is a pl. (A, Msb, 1) of :~ ;) applied to a man. (T.L.) .J, (g,) and Lo; is another pl. (A, ]) of taJ U ($) An easy, gentle, pace: (TA:) the same, and so is ;,j;.. (i.) -See also · ',the latter app. a Pen. word, arabicized; ( ;) [from t1.3 or ;1 .~, or] its Pers. original is "tl A state, or condition, thatfrightens. (TA.) tb1 lBirds tAat are not rapacious; that do not prey. (K.) [App. so called because timid; as Golius supposes.] ,q.j., applied to a ehe-camel, [though of a masc. form,] Fatigcl~ in her back. (TA. [See its verb, g.]) .,0j Feared: (Mgh, Msb:) [orfeared with caution:] appliedtoGod. (Msb.) Inthe phrase

Xa: sec

b.

_ Also t A liar. (W.)

1: see what next follows.

8. l We are collted toether, or congregated; as also tJw. jj Cm-j: (I, TA:) [the last word in each of these phrases being an inf. n.; unless that in the latter be a mistake for -i"j, (a pl. of ;;j,) which Ifnd put ;,i. (L.) in the place of al; in a MS. copy of the ]:] In a trad. occurs ac.j p A certain [easy] kind of pace. ($, Ig.) from Ibn-'Abb6A. (TA.) the phrase, it1i '& li [And h waked us,] we being parties collected together, or con:j l [A star, or an asterism, of the Mansions of the Moon, or of any that were gregated: the last word being an inf. n. put in believed to bring rain,] attended by much rain [as the place of the verb [or rather of the part. a., or though it raised the dust]. (A, K.) for bh*1 j.p]. (TA.)

CA.

JA 5

.44 wi

-

sj [At thy errice time

after time: Thou art feared, and petitioned, or supidlicatedwith humility, &c.], it is in the nom. case as the enunciative of an inchoative [t l] supprsed. (Mgh.)_[Hencc,] , 1, as also ? lj4 , [the latter in this case being like .ej in the sense of ,]Thte lion. (.K.)

Q. 1. ~,SJ, (TA,) inf n. 'x;;, (K,TA,) He circled in walking [like the bird called .J]]: (I, TA:) or he was as thougyl he circled in his gait. (Az, TA.) See ,;j^. - He was, or became, slow, tardy, dilatory, late, or backward. (K, TA.) And He was, or became, restricted, or limited. (Y, TA.) A poet, cited by IAyr to Th, says,
* , .*-,,,.t
4)b. 1 # C.

.

,--

,;:s. L A1W7 -7

. -7

i.e. [And I brought the cash, or ready money,

4.

, (g,) or jL.il tl,

(S, Mgb,) 7le, or it, and] was not sb,w, or tardy, &c., and was not

restricted, or limited, with it. (TA.) raised the dust. (g, Mgh, I.) You say, a..&z ~J JI .lj_ The hoofs of the horses raised the ~is;l ($, 1) and t . and ' sj (]) A dust. (A.) _ [Hence, because a heavy rain raises [or the dust,] /..L1 .~ jl t The sky poured, or certain bird, in Mekhheh, liAe the ja~ sparrow]; ($, ] ;) as also t L.S; and t ZAt& Jlowved, with rain. (A, 1.) - And ' !1 iHe raised, or excited, conflict and faction, or and ? O JI: (. :) and a certain bird resem[which is said by Es-Sakhiwee, [w, sedition, or discord or dissension, between them, bling the cited in the Msb in art. j., to be the i, i. e. or among them. (A.) -And .. }l ) t .a1lj ._ j I [They raised a tumult in talhiguj and lark,] exaept that it is L.,..[i. e. brown, or of a clamouring]. (A.) -And .;1 lIe had in his colour between black and red, or of a dark, or an ashy, dust-colour, in which are rednes and blackhouse, or chamber, much 5-.L; [or inceuse]. ness], and is largerthan thej.; as also t -,: (lA~r, ·.) signifies the same: (TA:) or the VZouj is a bird ,; (g, A,Mgh, ~) and V . (V) Dust, syn. reembling the ;o..J [or lark], that moves as though It.e t; mO in her gait: 3ti, (1, A, Mgh, 1,) raised. (Mgh.) In the circling (j . (JK:) and accord. to the L, in art. -, the phrase jL,l c'. AI [Upon him, or it, is raiMed is the ,. [or lark]. (TA in that art.) dwst], Jl/I is subjoined by way of explanation. c, tA coward: (I, TA:) as being likened to the (Mgh.) It is said in a trad., . Ju ; ' bird so called. (TA.) - And t Foolish; stupid; ~l1m J q -. .LI1 [He into whose iide the or unsound, or deficient, in intellUect or uuder.: see what next follows.

I (Lth, $, Mob, YC, &c.) and ?L;, (Lth, Msb, ],) but the former is the more chaste, (Lth, Msb,) A man's people, and tribe, (, Myb, M~,) consistin of his nearer relations: (Msb:) [i. e. his near kinsfolk:] and a number of men less than ten, among whom is no woman; (AZ, f, Mgb, . ;) as alsojk;: (AZ, Mb :) orfrom seven to ten; (IDrd, Mgb, ];) and sometimes a little more; (IDrd;) less than seven, to three, being called ,i: (Mqb:) orfrom three to ten: (1i:) or i. q. 3,tj : (ISk, Mb :) or more than ten, to forty: (As, IF, Msb:) a pl., ($, Msb,) or a word having a pl. meaning, (Th, Az, Msb,) with. out any proper sing.; (Th, Az, S, Myb, I ;) like L; and..) and v:a and ;,.s; all applied to men, exclusive of women: (Th, Msb:) and · bj,&I signifies the same: (ISh, TA:) the pl.

($, TA:) pl.

( g:) V,?C;: ), and J.;, pl.

)j,

of Lbj- is U'1 (Lth, S, I) and JaI (Lth) and ilt;a, (S, K,) [all pls. of pauc.,] the last of these beiny pl. either of i;i or of. J;, ('A,) and ;1 (, ISd, Is,) as though pl; of L-&, (S, ISd,) though Sb makes it pi. of l ;, because of the rareness of the pl. pl., (ISd,) and i;-l;l 5which is app. pl. of tl~jI]. (S, }I.) You say, a~.) La&., They are his people, and his tribe, closcly related. (S, TA.) And it is said in the Iur [xxvii. 49], ii; :j, ($,) but this means, [And there were in the city] nine persons, (Bd,) or nine men. (Jel.) - You also say ~C Jia[A collectionofplants of theb ind calkd j.]. (fIAr, Sb, TA in art. JI.) l An enemy; syn. .s; (g, TA; [in the CI j. ;]) mentioned by Sgh, on the authority of Ibn'Abbad. (TA.) -A skin, (1C,) or a waistwrapper (01) made of leather, (Jm,) the sides 147

$.

1170
of which are slit in semvral places in their lower parts, so that one may walk in it; (Jm, K ;) or made of shin, and also of wool; (Aboo-TAlib the Grammarian;) or a skin of Rt-Tdif , slit in several places; (M,.TA;) or a skin of a size equal to the space between the nawel and the knee; (, ;) or a shin slit into a number of thongs or strips; (ISh, S, ] ;) or a skhin cut into a number of thongs or strips, thes being one abotw another; (Alieyth;) or a waijt-wrapper (j made m) of skin, or leather, slit in ~everal places, except itn the place of the pudendun; (TA;) or a skin slit into strips,each strip being of the breadth offour fingers; (IAnr;) worn by children, (M, K,) or by a young girlbefore she has arrived at puberty, (lAsr,) and by a nwoman in menstruis: (IAsr, 44.
It,

'10[O-OA (JK, &.,) c, inf n. jlt; (Ham p. ;) and ?;, aor., (1,) inf. n. JUj; (TA;) He made it (a sword, , ,, c., or a thing [of any kind], JK) thin, (., MA, k,) or sharp or pointed; (JK, MA;) he made it (a sword) thin in the edge or point; (Ham p. 93;) he made it sharp, or keen. (MA.)-[Hence,] - . ;.jI. .. iUtLJ I [Thou hast sharpened against us thy tongue]. (A, TA.) And 1. Jl;a3 u ja;i; J*l t [Sharpen the edge of thi;ae intelect for what I say]. (A, TA.)
93

[Boo,c I. -'J:f 0! A .. ,Jl. i. e. [ When any on# of you prays towards the thing,] let him come .near to it. (JK, . [In the Mgh, ,' ji ireiJ, i.e. towards a thing that he has set upfor that purpose, &dc.]) One says also, , :.j ., , :-, inf. n. A,,, I souAgt juch a one until I dreo near to him, and, as it sometimes means, took him, or, as it sometimes means, did not take him. (S.) And .;.S, ;JI b Ji.1 .1 ji l [ IsouAht the thing until I cnna near to it, and I almost took it, or I took it]. (Az, Msb.) And ),t '00- . :, j, i.c. t[Such a one's going, or goingforth or away,] drew near. (S.) · '-'-i.a also signifies I drew near to it; syn. ,:;. (Msb.) And one says, jEJI S; I>.U~, i. e. t The night has drawn near [to you, therefore hasten ye]; syn. U;. (TA.) You say also, ;.' t; . i, inf. n. Jja, lIe did to him that whlich he dislikted, or hated. (JK.)-And :. ; sce e: 4. e ; as an ininis. v.: see

jelj Thin; slender; (JK,TA;) applied in this sense to a sword; (TA;) and also to a neck: (ISh, TA in art. C :) or thin in the edge or point; applied to a sword: (.Ham p. 349:) or M, 1S, &c. :) [in Nubia, the Ja, still called by that name, is very neatly made, consisting of sharp, or keen; thus applied: (JK,* MA:) but being a great number of slender thongs: it is worn Az says that it is seldom used; fP.. , there by young girls, and is generally their only used in its stead. (TA.) covering, completely surrounding and concealing .4. (JK, 8, TA) and ' op (JK, TA) the pelvic portion of the hody, and the whole or Made thin; (JK, S, TA;) applied to a sword, part of the thighs:] in the Time of Ignorance, the (S, TA,) or to an arrow: (JK:) and the former, &jj, which is its inf. n., below. men used to perform their circuitings [around the [or each,] made sharp or pointed: (JK:) [or Ka*beh] naked, and the women wearing [only] 2. jb lie wnas one to nihom jej [q. v.] n.as made thin in the edge orpoint: or made sharp the hi;: (.:) [see also JP., in two places:] attribnied. (M1ghi.) [ie was one to whom or keen: see 4 :] and see also. ' . a/i, 0.3! the pl. is ;bi; [a pl. of paue.] (., TA) and ot&j ignorance nwas attributed; an object of suspicion . A in respect of his religion: (see the part. n., below:) (ISh, ., 1 :) or tibis last is a sing. also, (15,) tA slender ear. (TA.) And J.j or ge was suspected of evil conduct.] It is said signifying a piece of leather of a size equal to slender waist. (Ham p. 93.) And wi the space between the place of the waist-band and ... JI (JK, TA) and t V.'I t J, ., but the in a trad., j.;3 ,1rl. 9i4 L , (., Mgh,) theitknee, slit in several places like the [thongs forrmer is the more common, t A man slender in meaning [lle prayed over a n'oman] sUxlsetcted of called] .A [of the sandals pl. of iJI!-]; worn the body. (TA.), '. tA horse lankh evil conduct. (S.) by a girl of sewn years: or a garment worn by in the bellUy, having the ribs near together: which 3. j&tj, (., MIb, K,) and k.AJI ja,, (JK, the boys of the Arabs of the desert, consisting of is a fault. (IDrd, K, TA.) Az,g, all in art. ,) inf. n. 'i-l)4, (Myb,) overlapping.folds or plies, one abowve another, like arj~ [as a subst., or an epithet in which the lie (a boy) was, or became, near to attaining fans: (TA:) pl. j.ajI; [a pl. of pale.]. (I.) quality of a subst. is predominant,] Srvords; puberty, or virility; (S, Msb, K;) as also 't j&1, (Ham p. 93;) and so C.A/4: (S and TA in inf.n. tjl. (Msb.) And ,pal * .Ji lj [She Ja&j: see J . art. >j:) or swords made thin in the edge or nearly attained the age of tvlenty]. (1S in art. U,,.) Of, or relating to, or belonging to, a J; point. (yHam p. 349.) One says ljI; ,.aMA ,-~) meaning a man's people, and tribe, &c. (L.) Sharp, or cutting, swords: (TA in art. jj:) or 4. U A'lu i.c q. 61,1L± [i. e. Ie matle slaying swords. (S in that art.) exceuive disobedience to come upon him, properly .a . } see what next follows. as a thing that covered him]; (, K ;) and aiJt ,: see in two places. it [i. e. made it to reach him, or orertake him, or befall him]. (K.) It is said in the Kur xviii. .U£tI Iand ' J (1, ) and ' .Ug, (K1,) like 79), l>-j Ulib L ejl L jm meaning .l), (.,) One of the holes of the jerboa, from 1. di?;, (JK, S, Mgh, Msh, 1,) aor. , (S, [And ire disapproved] that he si;ould make exn,hich it tahkes forth the earth or dust, (S, 1,) and collects it; (g;) it is the first hole that it Msb, 1,) inf. n. .;J,(., Mgh, Myb,) lie, or it, cessive disobedience, and ingratitude,to come upon ezxcavates; (TA:) and is between the bU and came upon, properly as a thing that covered, him, them twain, by his undutiful conduct, so bringing the ;WI; and therein it hides its young: (Az, or it; or came to him, or it; syn. eC-: (S.1:) evil upon them: or that he should couple with the faith of them train his exceuive disobedience and TA:) or, as AHeyth explains the first of these and (15) reached, or overtook, him, or it: (Elhis ingratitude, so that thero would be in one F&r6bee, Msb, 1 :) or it signifies, (15,) or signiwords, what the jerboa rnakes, or puts, at the house two believers and one who was excessively fies also, (.,) he drew near to, or appl)roached, mouth of the · ,.blJ, and what is behind that, disobedient and ungrateful: or that he should (, Mgh, M b, 1:,) lwhether he took, or did not covering its hole ercept enough to admit the lityAt take, (S, ],) him, or it: (S, Mgh, Msb, K :) or communicate to them twain his excesiove disof.om it. (TA.) he followed him, and ,was near to reaching, or bedience and his ingratitude. (Ksh, Bd. [See overtaking, him. (JK.) It is said in the i5ur also .]) And one says, IW O1S ;;r -CI [x. 27], j3 "; jJ .,q. I ., meaning t. L-., meaning Such a one made me to t And there shall not come upon, or overspread, hear the burden of a sin, [as though he made the 1. aor. J, inf. D.UL (JK, MA, 1]) and their faces [blackness, or darkness, nor abject- sin to come upon ne as a burden,] so that I bore n, nes, or ignominy]. ($, TA.) And you say, it. (S.) And Il, j..jl ~m;1 I made, required, ,.i; (JK, 1]) and , (TA,) It (a sword, g, or a thing [of any kind], JK, TA) ma, or became, 04ul "j, (Msb, TA,) or 0.; (Mgh,) Debt, or constrained, the man to bear, or endure, a £LalI He r-& thin, and dlender; (JK, j, TA;) it (a sword) or a debt, camne upon him. (Mgh, Msb, TA.) thing, or an event. (Mb.) And (inf n. . M b, or -- made, required, or constrained, him to do a difwas, or became, thin in the edge or point; (yam And i11 p. 349;) it was, or became, sharp, or keen; contr. TA,) I The time of prayer came upon us. (Mgh,* Jicult thing: (AZ, ., Mgh, 1:) or he made a ., i1 difficulty to come upon Aim, properly as a thing of J. (MA.) m'A : see what next follows. Mpb, TA.) And it is said in a trad.,

e,

r./,

DIooR I.] that covered him; syn. *Stl 1stl. (Ksh and Bd in xviii. 72.) And &;jl, alone, He demanded of him a difficult thing. ($, Msb, ].) You say, Xi ikg ;; 'j Demand not thou of me a difficult thing: may God not demand of thee a And j31h signifies difficult thing. (AZ, S,.) also The inciting, or urging, a man to do a thing that he is not able to do. (Az, s, TA.) - You We made the horsemen say also, j;.Jl ,I*i to overtake them, or come up with them: (TA:) or to be near doing so. (JK.)-And j."l&I j~bjl X lie delayed the prayer (J K, S, Mgh, Msb, 1, TA) until it approached the other [next after it], (JK,) or until it almost approached the other, (Mgh, 1,TA,) or until the time of the other arproached. (S, MIb.)- And ,I X aL-1 ;1 [i.e. I hurried him so as to I iq. qV prevent himfrom praying: see similar phrases in art. ,J,m]. (K.) See also 1, near the end of the paragraph, in two places:-and see 3.~ .JI !tJJI *.-l,1: see 4 in art. jtj. ;JA The doing qofforbidden things: (S, Mgh, Msb, 1]:) wrongdoing; wrongful, unjust, injurious, or tyrannical, conduct: (Fr, S,]:) it has this meaning in the ]ur lxxii. 13, (f, TA,) accord. to Fr; or, as some say, the former meaning: (TA:) the doing evil: (AA,]:) and a subst. from jI; signifying the inciting, or urging, a man to do a thing that he is not able to do: (Az, 15:) lightn,ittedncss; or lightness and K;) hastineas of disposition or deportment; C({, and excesive disobedience: so in the ](ur lxxii. G, (9, TA,) necord. to some: (TA:) foolishness, or stupidity: lightness, or levity: (15:) or ignorance, and lightness of intellect: (JK:) and illnature, or evil disposition: (TA:) and haste: (JJ:) and lying: (Mgh, 1] :) in all these senses, [i. e. in all that have been mentioned above as from the 1, and app. in others also, above and below,] its verb is VtJ;, aor. :, [meaning le didforbidlen things: acted wrrongfully, unjustly, injnriously, or tyrannically: &c.:] (], TA :) of which it is the inf. n.: (TA:) and the following meanings also are assigned to it [app. by interpreters of the pa&sages in which it occurs in the gIur]: suspicion, or evil opinion: and sin: accord. to gatdelh: lonwness, vileness, or meanness; and weakness; accord. to Zj: error; accord. to IbnEl-Kelbee: and bad, or corrupt, conduct: and pride: and so ti&j, in these two senses: and the commission ofa sin or crime or fault; syn. C.U: and the act of reaching, or overtaking [app. of some evil accident]: and perdition. (TA.)

1171 same]): (M, 1, TA:) or he runs quickly, so that 2. U), inf. n. 3, It (flesh-meat) rendered he almost reachcs, or overtakes. (4ji ;is eL,7 it (i. e. his flesh) quivering, andflaccid, orflAbby: the object of his pursuit. (JK.) (S, 1 :) or inflated, or rsollen: orswollen without disease: (15: [see 1:]) or it (much sleep) rendered XU&j: eL j see what next follows. his face tswollen, and the parts below, or around, his eyes puffy. (TA.) ;StdSbj and UL:.o1i As many as a hundred; 5. J,3 He was, or became, soft in the flesh: (AZ, ISk, JK, S, g;) as also aSLV ? t4 ;: (so and it (the flesh of a limb or member) was, or in one of my copies of theS :) such are said to be becarme, soft. (KL.) [See also 1.] a man's camels, (JK,) or such is said to be a company of men. (AZ, ISk, S.) J. [in the Lexicons of Golius and Freytag Jj A wide-stepping, and quick, or excellent, >j] Thin clouds, resembling [falling] de,,, (1, she-camel, that comes upon him who leads her so TA,) in the shy. (TA.) as almost to tread utpon him n.ith her feet. (En*& Yellow water [orfluid] in the a [app. Nadr, K.) here meaning the menbrane that encloses the .,Aj Wine: (R1:) a dial. var. of :eo;, like as faetuJ of a beast]. (IDrd, ].) Quivering, and flaccid, or flabby, flesh. (TA.) And j.k,l jaJ A horse quivering, and Ul. applied to a boy, and Zil;j applied to a flaccil, orflabby, in the breast. (S, TA.) girl, From ten to eleren years oli. (TA.) [See also ~j! .] tj.S. .~1 He teas, or became, in the morning, stollen (,TA) in his face, by reason of much U'~ Saffron. (JK, IDrd, , XR.) sleep. (TA. [Sec 2. In some copies of the IK, i;,. Reached, or overtaken, (JK, S, O, K,) - - is erroneously put, in this explanation, for to be slan. (S, O.) Straitened. (Iam p. 682.) ,m is of Ct.. (TA.) aa4il, l ,j 1 :[app. We camewhen the time of the afternoon-prayer was drawing 1-: see the near; j:.ol being the dim. of b;_The land was rained upon L e.;f1 phrase I~ JU l .,%.LCl, near the end of the [with such rain as is termed a-h]. (Z, TA.) first paragraph]. (TA.) 4. 'JI , 1, (JK, ]~,) or ~tX-I ($.) ;.o, One to whom men come (S, 1K, TA) 2he sity, or the cloud, shed the sort of rain, or often, (TA,) and at whose abode guests alight. rains, Iermed ., or,*lj. (JK, , 1.) (JK, S, g,* TA.) - Also One to whom ,j [q. v.] is attributed: (JK, K:) [said in the TA a*j A drizzling and lasting rain; i. e. a to have no verb; but this is not the case: see 2 :] lasting, or continuous, rain, consisting of small one of whom evil is thought: (JK, ~, 1 :) or who dIrops: (JK:) or weak and lasting rain, (g, }K,) is sutpected of evil, or of lightwittedness: (TA:) said by AZ to be such as falls uwith more force, one to ,thom ignorance is attributed; (Mgh;) and passes awray mtore quichly, than that nhich is an object of sutpicioa in respect of his religion: termed i': (S:) pl. ^ and ;.L*: (J K, S, K:) (MAgh,TA:) corrupt [in conduct]: one in rwhom seems to have held that .. Aj is pl. ot' El-Amidee is sharpness [of temper] and lightwittedness. (TA.)

J.;

a.,A; for he likens these two words to .St.i and 51*Near to attainingpuberty; applied to a :..b!; hut this is at variance with what is held by the leading lexicologists. (TA.) [See an ex. boy: (JK, Mgh, TA:) and with; applied to a of the pl..Lmj in a verse of Lebeed cited in the [Hence,] Ji. girl. (TA.) [See also jb.-.] first paragraph of art. 3jj.] aC , JIle .. entered lelfkheh nearly at the .l ,bl Land upon which rains stch as are end of the [proper] time [to do so as a pilgrim], so that he almost missed the halt at 'Arafdt. termed .,; have fallen: (y-am p. 99:) and (Nh, O, , TA.) And IM l ,LX : -e 1*~a, "jj, [from C.j, Meadows] watered performed the noon-prayer nearly mi/sing the by the rain termed (JK, ?, 1 :) one shoutild (,j: j; A man in rwhose conduct, or character, is time. (TA.) 4 not say *by. (1.) O, [expl. above: i. e. one mAho does forbidden O things: &c.]: ( :) hasty: quick to do evil: and X1 v: see.shj. elf-conceited; proud, or haughty. (TA.) And et15., in the going of camels, A bearing, and a",) A vitious woman; or an adulteress, or a J4, [aor.-' ,] inf. n. 1. , leaning, on otne side, or sidways. (JK,*]. [Ia (JK, TA,) His flesh was, or became, quivering, fornicatress. (TA.) and Jflaccid, or flabby: (8,1 1:) and (some say, the former, it is implied that the word is i1t4J, Aihj: see TA) his jflesh was, or became, inflated, or puffy, which is at variance with an express statement in or swollen, (1, TA,) in any part: (TA:) or it the 1.]) ui Oltj..a Itlt run quickly, so as to require his pursuer to do what is difficult or what is was, or became, swollen without disease; (JK, ], TA ;) he being flaccid by reason offatnes, (JK, ;bj t A sheep, or goat, [t:,] lean, or enabeyond his power (4111 jiAj U_, or, as in the TA,) and inclining to nweakness. (TA.) [See dciated; (JK, I5; [in the former written._lj, but said in the latter to be like .~rA1.;]) and so C1, tU j mji . [which is virtually the also 5,]

1172 ,;.~: (TA:) [i. e.] you say also ;,, :; (JK, TA,) T, meaning t a sheep, or goat, lean, or 0 i-~~~~ . emaciated: (TA:) from [. .j, or perhaps..,j, or both, as meaning] clouds (.,A,) that hae dichargedtheir water. (JK.) .;atj, applied to a bird, That does not prey: (] :) or the bird called 3j j. (Jg.)i_ Also A lnoge number. (JK, 1.) 4.0: seee;t'. - Also t A man n,e.h in seeking, or searching, [to find what is best to be done;] who follows mere opinion; as also V t.' (JK, I1.) ,njI More [and most] fruitful, or plentiful, or abundant in herbage or in t/he goods or cvnveniences or conforts of life: [as though meaning more, and most, wratered by rainstch as is termed *:] , so in the saying,,sl X t: i;j; Mgh, Msb, TA) land ';L aor. ', (i,) a,) , q.v. voce

[BooK I. inf. n. ,C^i (Msb, sov },; ( ;) but the former is the more ap. -j;]; and 1AJI proved: (TA:) and also he found it to be so. Jt;&. e*Ljt., (T, ]g, TA,) (;LrJI; (., ;) all signify the same; (sf;) i.e. (Msb.) You say,; He deposited the thing rith him (Myb, O) [at a and 4,+j1, (T, ?, TA,) and JlI, (TA,) :He pledge] to be in lieu of that which he had taken, continued, or made permanent, to thsm te food, or receid, from him: (1 :) [i. e. he pledged the (T, 8, ], TA,) and the ber , (T, ., TA,) and the property. TA.) [And accord. to an explasthing to Aim, or with him:] and eiQI .j cl.jt, inf. n. I restricted the commodity, nation of ",.l (referring to dates), by 'Alee IbnI, or placed it in cutody, for, or by reason of, thl lamzeh, cited in a mTainal note in a copy of debt; and dZ:sjI '.t is a dial. var. thereof, the 8, in art. ,cja, c>) signifies He prepared but of rae occurrence, and disallowed by those food, and continued it, or made it permanent.] who are held in esteem: (Msb:) for, properly, - [Hence Ljl as used by some in another sense they say, (Mqb,) yl1 Il. 1- ; signifies I of ;j :] see 1, in six places. [That it is allowable gave to Zeyd the garment, or piece of cloth, in to use it thus may be inferred from phrases here order that he should deposit it as a pledge (Msb, following.] _ You say, C. ;1 I staked my IC) with *ome one. (Msb.) 'Abd-Allah IbnI,a;1 They Hemmkm Es-Saloolee says, (S,) or Hemm(am property. (JK.) And i.L gave, of their own free will, wrhat the party Ibn-Murrah, (TA,) approved, whatever wetre its amount, to be to them a stake at a race. (TA.) And d o.1 [And when I dreaded their nails, I aescaped, and .s.ij, (s, ,*)) inf. n. lt , !, (8,) t I male my gave them, or left with them, as a pledge, MAdllik]: children to be as a stake for him, or it. (8, i.0) thus, says Thi, all relate the verse, except As, who And .2; o ,1: t Ile resigned him to death j)t ie deposited says W.$L. .jl [i.e. leaving with them, as a (IA,r;TA:) Andji.l ,JI Oa pledge, Mdlih]: he likens this phrase to the say- the dead body in the grave [as a pledge to be ing ,t·J 'olj c; and this is a good way of rendered up on the day of resurrection]. (K, TA.) explaining it; for the j is that which is a deno- _ Accord. to AZ, (S, TA, in one copy of the . signifies I tative of state; the meaning being 'aj L.bLo: it is A'Obeyd,) 5Ia.l= M. :.1 [accord. to the former reading, in the opinion of bought the commodityfor a dear, or an excessive, Th,] the poet means I left Milik remaining with price; (8, ], TA;) gave largely .for it until I them; not as a pledge; because [when the leaving obtained it: (TA:) accord. to lSk, I paid in a thing as a pledge is meant, in his opinion,] one advance for the commodity; syn. ,i.I; (, TA;) and in the T it is said, [and in like manner does not say, ;(,JI 1 I,u1, but only -. (f, in the JK,] that lIA; I.L* ) oj signifies TA.) [See, however, 4.] You say also, , in£. n. a^, meaning He made him, or it, to be a " tL:(TA:) [in the K it is said that ,1 pledge in lieu of him, or it: a poet, asserted by signifies Sa l, as thoufgh it meant he lent him a IJ to be a pagan, says, sum of money &c. :] accord. to Er-RAghib, the a $k,, ' - ... s ' a proper meaning [of O~jI] is one's giving a conmI L5,00 0Air w;r &e~ esAi u~ ~t ~;5 C~ 1 1 modity before [the full payment of] the price, [Make thou thy sons to be pledges in lieu of them: antd so making it to be plegLjed for the completion in that case I mill make my sons to be pledges: of its price. (TA.) tm a,1 also signifies He, or being for k ; y.] (TA.) And &. 'J t [I it, weakened him: (1:) [like .;l:] and rendered made my tongue to be as thougAh it wvere a pledge him lean, or emaciated. (TA.) And A1l OhjI to him, to be restrained, or to be used, for his God weakened him; syn. ;jl. G (JK.) sake or benefit]: in this case one should not say 6. ";53 Theey two laid bets, wagers,-or stakes, t Ajt; (IAyr, V;) though one says thus of a each with tle other; syn. O)*,~I b l3. (TA.) 9 garment, or piece of cloth, [&c.,] as well as ;j. And ll,,1 CAIj The party contendled together, (TA.) everyt one of them laying a bet, wager, or stahke, 8. 1; o. d 1j, I l.2 (., M,b,) inf n. in order that the person outstripping should take (8,) or t j, (Mgb,) or both, (g, and so the whole when he overcame. (Msb.) in a copy of the f,) I laid a bet, or wager, or 8. a;. On He took, or received, from him a stake, with such a one, for such a thing, (8, pledge. '(1..) [Or] &,l 3)r ie tooh, or received, it Msb, 1,e) mostly (TA) said in relation to horses as a pledge: (JK, Mgh:) or ;. dj he took, running a race, (JK, TA,") to be taken by him or received, it from him; namely, a pledge. vwho should outstrip, or overcome. (Mgb.) (Msb.) [Accord. to Freytag, t !,¥jI signifies The inf. ns. also signify t The contending [of two persons] to outstrip [in a race] upon horses, (K1, He had him, or held him, as a pledge to him for TA,) and otherfUse. (TA.) Hence the prov., it. And ;i He, or it, was given as a p~ledg. But for neither of these has he mentioned any y9~. 1 ,'A t,i [explained in art. w,y]. (JK.) authority.] 4. C,>II He made (a thing, Msb) to continue, 10. [g~& l He asked him, or detired him, to subsist, last, endure, remain, or remain fixed or stationary; to be, or become, permanent, co,e- pledge a thing with him: and, to give a pledge.] 4i l6: ' ":! [H, aed sant, firm, steady, steadfast, stable, fized, fast, You say, .. settld, or establithed; (8,* Mgh,* Myb, g ;*) and me, or desired me, to pledge such a thing, or to

i-as

Ml,. [lYe alightedat the dwelling of such a one,
and me uere in the more fruitful, &c., of the two sides of hij place of abode; meaning, and we were entertained by him in tlhe best, or most bountiful, manner]. 9.)

.,e04 [A place upon which has fallen rain such
as is termed ibj: pl. l: see an ex. in what follows. _ Also] A certain application for woundJ; (. ;) a soft plasteror dressing, (15, TA,) the softest of medicaments, (TA,) [i. e. an unguent, or the like,] with which a wound is plastered, dred, owrspread, or anointed: (Q, TA:) [pl. as above:] it is an arabicized word [from the Pers..,.]a: (.:) or derived from 4a~l, [as some say,] because of its softness. (V.) You say,
tP t j1
t

.al~.. plsr il .. 1 -[The

places watered

by the dtizzling and lasting rains of the early morning-clouds are the soft plasters, or unguents, of the deserts]. (A, TA.)
., ..

a.

.· ,.

" b

3

: see

.tI -

,,l

,/,

above.

1. C.^;, (8;, Mgh, Myb, K,) aor.', (Msb,) incf n. 'J, (8, TA,) or ~i, (Mcb,) It (a thing, 8, Mgh, TA) continued, subsisted, lasted, endured, remained, or remainctdfied or stationary;it was, or became, permanent, constant,firm, steady,steadfaist, stable, fixed,fast, settled, or established. (8, iMgh,Mqb, IS,TA.) Thiis is the primarysignification. (Mgh, TA.*) - Hience, (NMigh,) CL),J' ; t lie remnained, stayed, dwelt, or abode, in the place. (A, Mgh, TA.) - And s.^;, (JK, ,) aor. a, , (1], TA,) or ;, (JK, [btt this I think to be a mistake,]) inf. n. O b, (1,)said of a man, and of a camel, (J K, 8, TA,) and of any beast, (TA,) He was, orbecame,lean, or emaciated; (JK,.,K,TA;) and fatigued,tired, ary,orjaded. (JK,TA.) Yousay, or- ;.,; He rode until he became lan, or emaciated. (1iSh, TA. [See .a.]) _ As trans., see 4, firnt signification. - [Hence,] as a lawterm, * # signifies The putting, or placing, an article of real property [to remain] as a pledge, or ecurity, or making it to be such, for a debt that is obligatory or that wil become obligatory. (TA.) You my, .oLI b0, and , (,

* ..

~

~

>4

fIi¶.,

Boor I.]
')

1178

deposit auch a thing as a pledge, and I pledged it iwhen its deponster is able to release it; for] )&G X , (JK, TA,) with keer, (,) ?X, with him, or deposited it with him as a pledge]. is here either .negative or prohibitive: you say, and 1 , (JK,) He is a manager, tender, or (Mgh.) · 0jl &iLi, aor. , in£ n. [or jii], su)erintendent, of cattle, or camels .c.; or a good 0i,cj, originfally an inf. n., (Msb,) is syn. writh meaning 77W pledge remained in the hand of the pastor tihereof. (,,' TA.) receiver when the depositor mas able to relee it: t *j.; (Mgh, Msb;) i. e. (Mqb) it signifies iti, as a sing.: see ;j. - It is also a pl. of [A pledge;] a thing deposited with a person (Nh, cited in a copy of the " Jimi' e-.agheer:") the the latter word. (?, Mgh, M9 b, ]g.) trad. means that the receiver of the pledge (Msb, 1O) to be in lieu of a thing that has been shall not have a right to it when the depositer has taken, or reeivred, from him; (J1;) or a thing *gh: see ,,jp.: and see also 0;, in six that is deposited as a scurity for a debt: and not released it within a certain time: for it was a places. custom in the Time of Ignorance for the receiver tt ji has a similar meaning, but is specially to keep possession of the pledge in this case; applied to a thing that is deposited as a bet, or but El-Islam i;_k;, and its pl. 'SJ;: see' ;s,in ten places. abolished it. (Meyd,* Nh.) You wager, or stake; and is likewise originally an say also, j ,A; ) a and A . 1;&j ZHe, or it, >&I1; Continuing, subsiting, lasting, enduring, inf. n. : (Er-Rghib, TA:) t'a, also, is syn. is [a person, or thing,] pledged for such a thing: nwith 0*j [as meRning the act of giving as a (IAth, TA:) or taken [as a remaining, or remaining fixed or stationary, priede] for such a permanent, constant, firm, steadyl, steadfast, pledge], like as a is syn. with _; the S thing; as also t j and ti.3. .- (TA.) And stable, fixed, fast, settled, or establishedl. (, being added to give intensiveness to the significa1;l (M, Mgh) Food j; i1 and t , ' i and V .;a I am taken Mgh, Msb.) You say i tion: then, like it is used as syn. with O,%*, 1,.j iJ, that continues, [as a or pledge] is permanent, for such a &c. (bgh.) thing. (Mgh.) And [in the sense explained above, as will be seen in And LMlj * Wine of which there is a conwhat follows in this paragraph]; (IAth, TA;) [hence,] lj, 'a ;U Si(JK, TA) and t;j [i.c.] ,; is an inf. n. like oa;, applied to (TA) I am responsible, or a surety, to thee for tinual, or constant, sup.ly; uninterrupted, or denote the pass. part. n. [used as a subst. pro- such a thing. (JK,TA.) And, _- * i. a 1 unfailing. (TA.) And a;l) 1,4l , i. e. [The [IIis leg, or foot, perly so termed] like ';j, is a pledlge for the safe-keeping bounty of God is] continual, permanent, or not as an epithet; of his shackle: for if the meaning were ;~J", it constant. (TA.) And il; iJI_. A state, or (B1d in lxxiv. 41;) [or, in other words,] £ik5 condition, continuing; remaining to the preusent signifies anything bly reason of which a thii;g would be without ;]. (TA.) And 'LJI ws, [suck as a debt or the like] is restricted, or ,pnpro.time. (Es-Semeen, TA.) And ~U & I. ZC*.l V Ojp; [AIankind, or all created bet'ngs, meaning This it continual, or permanent, to thee; prirted,to oneself; as also V ;t.: (]o: [I here are the pledges of death]. (TA.) And ~ .i follow two copies of the K, in whici it is said, beloved by thee; and also as explained below. a4JI , [He is the pledge of the hand of death, (TA.) - 1Remaining, staying, dwellin.q, or abit14 s -Cj:l J: in the CK, or of fate, or destiny]; said of one when he hlias ing, in a place. (JK.) - Prepared. (]g.) One and in the copy of the' K followed in the TA, sought, or courted, death. (TA.) And L says, iJ X 1/ IM meaning as explained above, d1 ,j.%9 "'%*~, which perverts the mcaning, thlough '~ [My hand is a pledie to thee]; by which is and also This is preparedfor thee. (TA.)_ ~'j and it ,..4 may be used in the samne sense meant responsibility, or suretisliip. (TA.) And As an epithet applied to a man, and a camel, iJ l [Verily he is the pledge of a (JK, ?, TA,) and any beast, (TA,) Lean, or as aj; and Ai.4, as will be seen in the course J. V O of this paragraph: and in the TA, in the place of grave, which will render him up on the day of emaciated; (JK, 8, K, TA;) accord. to ISh, in resurrection]. (TA.) It is said in the (ur consequence of riding, or disease, or some [other] o--l, is put !, meaning -: there is, accident: (TA:) andfatigued, tired, weary, or z;; t L w.. ,..A. jS, meaning however, this difference between t V.L.~ and lxxiv. 41,? Le* jaded. (JK, TA.) - And l; Js Camel that t zL3Fj; that the former properly signifies a thiag [Every soul is a thing] pledged rith God [for wrhat will not, or do not, pasture upon the [plants, or it shall have wrought; its works being regarded as deposiled as a piledge; and tlhe latter, a thing . (JK.) a debt, for whicih it will be either released or held in trees, termed] taken, or receiced, as a p,ledge:]) thte pl. of'~ custody to be punished everlastingly]: LeAj being "IS The navel, with witat surrounds it, (JK, is ( s, rMgl,, K) Kj; a,id iCj (Mgih,, MsIh, an imV. n. like lAo,' applied to denote the paRss. Az, K,) in the outer part of the belly (JK) of the 1;) aln E*, (Mgh, Kl.,) this last said to be a pl. part. n. [in a manner before mentioned] like '; horse. (JK, Az, K.) of pj bhy Aboo-'Amr Ibn-El-'Ala, but disap- for if it were an epithet [i.e. used in the proper proved by Akli, because a word of the measure sense of a pass. part. n.] the word would be &jI A thong, or strap, that is bound upon the J.i hns riot a pl. of thie measure J.W except in ';. (Bd.) And in lii. 21 of the same, J middle of the j. [or yohe] that is upon the two rare and anomalous instances, thoughll he says that tw &jsal, i.e. [Every man is] bulls [drawing a plough]. (JK.) it may he [as it is said to be in the Msb] pl. of * jet iAsjl A girl, or young woman menstruating: Oi j, which is pl. of >j, (S,) arid Fr says that piedged (0,&j*, Bd, Jel) with God (,0' A) f 1J for what he shall have wrought; so that if he (1.:) seen by Az in the handwriting of AbooCi is pl. of Xtj, but this is denied in the iM, have done good, He will release him; but other- Bekr El-lyadee, but not seen by him on any because any pl. may not be pluralized except wise, He will destroy [or hold in confinement other authority. (TA.) whell there is express authority for it and when and punish] him; (Bd;) or to be punished for the case dlocs not admit of any other decision; evil, j~ [Pledged; deposited as a pledge; or] and recompensed for good. (Jel.) And it restricted, or placed in custody, .for, or by reason (TA ;) and iCj, also, is another pl. of &.;, (TA,) is said in a trad., .iciw * az!' JS [Every [or rantler it is a contraction of i.1j';] and of, a debt; (,* Mb;) originally >.lt J boy that is born is a pledge for his , i.e. another p,l. of C.*j [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] is for the victim that is to be sacrificed [or ;.&]; (Mqb;) and t' ~j; signifies the same; for him whien t .A, (IJ, K,) like as lc is of .. : (TA:) his head is shaven the first time; which is com- (8, ilqb;) and the fem. of this [or rather the monly regarded as his ransom from the fire of subst. formed from it, for when it is used as a the pl. of t LgA; is X ; (;, g..*) Xl Ji fem. epithet, having the sense of a pass.rart. n., ^i to [Thel pledge becatne, or has become, per- Hell]: i.e., the -:;,i is absolutely necessary for him; wherefore lie is likened, when not released it is without ;, as remarked above, voco J is manent as a possession, with what was, or it, from it, to a pledge in the hliand of the receiver: comprised in it,] is a prov., applied to him who ;@2yl3,i; ;)>* a is expl. by J# 1 .. j El-Khattabee says that the best explanation of it [app. meaning Events are guaranteed, or pledged, lias fililen into a case from which he cannot hope is that of Ahmad Ibn-Hambal; that if the akjr for their times, to which they are limitod by the to escape: it is said in a trad., iJa1 ",J , be not sacrificed for the boy and he die an infant, decrces of God]. (TA.) See also i * (Meyd,) [i. e. The pledge shall not remain, or let he will not intercede for his parents. (TA.) not the pledge remain, in the hand of its receiver See also what next follows. h..: see Cj, in two places. 1 X

j

(S-)

1174

14o -I.

[Boor I.

Ch,.p One rwho takes, or receives, a ;& [or the CK *;1; and (hence, perhaps,) thus in the [or] a woman who will not refrain from ritious printed edition of Har, p. 498; where it is said to conduct, or adultery, or fornication; as also plede]. (6.). . Lia, meaning ;Jj: but the right *tS. be from 11JI (JK, TA:) or (TA) a woman that is :9 5 i,n two places. a;J* 1 : see 3, (JK, TA,) on the occasion of ., -t;; approved 1 not it. also reading is *;j, for] one says ;iLL Thou wast not, or hast not been, gentle, because of her being wide [in the rulva]. (JK.) save with, or to, th,yself: (TA :) or thou didst not - A thing dispersed, or scattered. (TA.)show, or hast not shown, mercy, save to thyself. And sometimes, Quick, or sn:ift. (TA.) - And (A0, JK, S,) 1&j, aor. 1 [hence, (JK.) :;5 1 iJ U&jI Tle thing became, or Still, quiet, or motionless. (TA.) -And an inf. n. L, (AO, S, ]g,) .]e parted, or made Also A comhas become, within thy power, or reach; or pos- or ;Aj;.,] A still rain. (TA.) opening between, his legs: (AO, S, 1X:) or he sible, or practicable, to thee. (TA.) - And pany of men (JK, KI,TA)followning one another. parted widely, or made a wide opening between, ij k [A company of horsemen ijJ';'J I made it, or have made it, to be nithin (TA.) And his legs. (JK.) Hence the sayinrg in the 1]ur or an inroad, or incursion,] a raid, mahing thy power, or reach; or po.sible, or practicable, 1 j,lj [expl. in art. jW,, and [xliv. 23], 1;ij following one another. (TA.) And one says, I did not leave it to thee. (TA.);- , bj also signifies The going still, or ,notionle.s: and )31 1 Leave thou that below]. ($.)- _ easily: ($, I :) one says, 1j JeiJI Z;i;. [The until it become still, or motionless. (TA.) ~ lIe [app. meaning The people are disposed conhorses, or horsemen, came pacing along easily]: kept continutally, or constantly, to the e, ting of secutively in one doul,le rank, partly such and partl/y such, facing one another]. (TA.) =Also and accord. to IAar, -JIl g. 1, nor. as above, the [,j, or species of rane crane . (.) A certain species of bird; as some say, (S,) the callcd] means lie wae gentle in going, or pace: ( :) or, (JK, S, 8, [species of crane called] b;.: as some say, .j in going, or pace, is the being 6. e,3J, (JK, K,) inf. n. ;!, (JK,) Tlhey two TA:) or a certain aquatic bird resembling the soft, or gentle, with continuance: (TA:) or the made peace, or became reconciled, each with the > S- : (TA:) pl. ,'t. (JK.) = And A heatdgoing along quietly: (JK:) and one says, j,;I- other; syn. (JK, ]K, TA: in the Cg l. covering which is next to the head, and which IjaJ 0jl, meaning 'The camels came following very soon becomes dirtty. (TA.) one another. (TA.) Also The going lightly: confounded, commingled, becae Th ;, ; y 9. jej A state of elevation: and a state of dej, aor. and inf. n. as above, (JK :) yon say, 13,jl, or. 4a" (K,) Also, (K.) or confused. thus havintg two contr. significations. pression: went or she, They, [i.e. camels or the like,] also the next preceding paragraph, -_ See (TA.) of ears tooh vehemently. e. they going .; i. lightly. (TA.) And Thio (TA,) They made (TA.) [Thlus it hlas two contr. significations.] corn, and rubbed then with their hands, then in four places. Also The being still, quiet, motion/le, calm, lruised, or pounded, them, and poured milk as apj)licd to a woman, in two L5PJ: see , allayed, or asmaged. (V, TA.) You say, tb thereon, and then cooked this mixture. (K, TA.) places: - and see also Stil.. 1... The sea became still, or calm. (s.) And Also An inter&c.) ^ inf. n. of 1. (S,, 1.J1I b; The heat became alayed, or aJsuaged. A depressed piece of landl or ground. I.J1ib vening splace (J.K, TA) between two thinga, (TA.) IIenco some explain I1x ~1JI .Ji: And applied to A C;3j. [or horsefir (TA.) (JK,) as, for instance, between the two htumps of [mentioned above] as meaning And leave thou and for journeyiihg] that has an use a camel of the species termed clM. (TA.) - A ordinary the sea mtotionles, or calm: some, as meaning easy bach in going along: a genutine Aral:hic Do place where water remains and collects or stag- word: (TA:) or j 1;j [thus I findl it writtern, a,[ dry. (TA.) And you say,, IJ& J1j) [i. e. a deiressed place, nates: (JK, TA:) a i. but it is commonly pronounced Jl4j, or J1). thou that quietly, or calmly. (f.) And AI Ji or a hollow, or an excavation, or stuch as is round with C,] is a vulgar term applied to a pacing IJ* Ij. lie did that quietly, or calmly, without and wide,] in the place oJ abode of a people, into being hard, or.dfficult: (TA:) or voluntarily; rvhich flows t/e rain-water or other fluid: horse. (MF voco without its being asked, or demanded; (Q and (A'Obeyd, $:) or, as also t j, a depl.esed U; A wide place. (K.)- A wilde tract of TA in art. * ;) and without constraint. (TA in place (g, ]J) in which water collects: ( :) and, (S,TA:) or what is ,ridi? of land: (M, land: that art.) And I1J "&l I gave to him volun- both words, an elevated place: thus they have an even tract of land, seldom freefrom [or] TA:) tarily; without being asked; or without con- two contr. significations: (?, ]:) or V; sig.. ir. [or mirage]: (JK, TA:) andl wtvhat is the straint. (JK.2.. 1uj, (JK, TA ) aor. as above, nifies an elevation like a hillock, upon a hard and , as ap. even of anything. (TA.)_ See also , (JK, ],) said of a bird, i1e elevated, or an elevated and plain, tract of ground, (TA,) inf. n. or a hue, A also [app. It is ~ a woman. to spread his wings, (JK, ], TA,) mithout flapping or upon a mountain, (JK, TA,) where hawks plied (TA.) smoke. and dust-colour like haze,] and eagles alight: (TA:) or a hilloch inclining to themin. (JK.) softness, two or three cubits in height, but only in j JVheeat which is ground betwreen two stones, 3. %, (sg,) inf. n. l%s*t, (TA,) He ap- a soft tract of ground, and in hard, or hard and uwhich milk is poured: (M, TA:) or upon and proached it, or drew near to it. (J, TA.) [App. level, ground consisting of earth, mould, or clay; rubbed with the hands, then bruised, corn ears of a dial. var. of 'i*1, which is better known.] You not upon a mountain: (TA:) [and accord. to or pounded, and then milk is poured thereon, and ntear some, it signifies a mountain itself; for] Ghatnafan it is cooked. (1K.) I approached, or drew t;A z say, j;_8l to, puberty, or virility. (J K.) -~ Also He aided are called in a trad. %. -3 Vj$_j, meaning a #I A life (J. ') ample in its mneans or circumhim in his foolishness, or stupidity; syn. i... mountain wellingforth water: orit means that in unstraitened, or plentiful, easy, pleasant, stances, them were roughness and hardness: (TA:) the (', TA: in the Cl °.q..) or delicate; (8, ;) and quiet, or calm. soft, pl. [accord. to the . app. of jhj, and accord. to 4. v l He found, or ot with, a wide, or an as an epithet applied to a [journey Easy; (.) ample, place. (M, 1.) - He took to wife a the TA app. of V;jj, in each case agreeable -. (v.) And Anything (6, TA.)- [Also, ac- such as is termed] ,, woman wide in the vulva. (,* TA.) - He con- with analogy,] is ,4. (TA.) - 1; 1AL :'j. as also or motionless; still, tinued thefood to his ~gt by reason of liberality. cord. to Golius, as on the authority of the KL, like stIJ;: or is permanent; continues, Food that J~lj,l, I continuewd A way through a marhet-place, at the sidles of (TA.) And the (see C,I;)] [in like manner to them thefood and the bewrage; (Ya4oob, , which sit the sellers: but not in my copy of the (AA, $:) and fem. of eachl, with ;, is applied to wine. (6.) V;) like - "., . (1L.) _-He did well: they say KL.] ~ Also Wide, ample, or spacious. (TA.) lj Celer [Freytag adds, " Inde dicitur J~q..t'l to the shooter, or thrower, when he does ill, - A well (.~) wide in the mouth. (TA.) - A for mistranscription here a slj is but :" de equo side in the vulva; (Lth, ISh, S, ] ;) woman ( i) L.Afja jy, i.e. Do thou well. (TA.) ] Vlj: (IAr,1 :) s&l: see (Lth, ) and t tie gentle with, or to, thyself: (9, J, TA;) [in as also t

j

BOOK I.]

O .

-

1175 17 Mgb, K:) or nas churned, and deprited of its butter: (M,* A, K:*) or it twa, or became, fit to be churned: (T:) or thick, (S,) or having a compact pellicle upon its surface, and thick, or resembling liver so that it quivered, (Lth, T,) and fit to be churned: (Ltb, T, S:) or such as had become thick; (Fr, A'Obeyd, T, S,* Mgh;) until itu butter was taken forth; (Fr, A'Obeyd, T, $ i ) or before and after it had been deprivwd of its butter. (Mgh.) - [ Hence,] &,; J, (T, M, A, aor. as above, (T,) inf. n. .,;;, (M,) t [Hit a1,) blood is about to be shed;] his death, or destruction, is at hand: (M, X:) said of one who has exposed himself to that which will cause his blood to be shed; (T;) of one who has exposed himself to slaughter: (A:) like the phrase 4j; (T;) orlike a ,'im.: his blood being likened to milk that has become thick, and fit to be churned. (A.) And jl1 ,: (A9, T, S, &c.,) aor. as above, (TA,) in. n. ($, M, 1) and J;, (M, ,) I The man nas, or became, confiused, or disturbed, (Ay, T, 8, K,) in his affair, or case, (AV, T,) or in his reason, or intellect, (., V,) and his opinion: (As, T, .:) or confounded, or perplexed; unable to see his right cours: (M, .K:) and langyid in spirit, by reason of satiety, or drotrsinew, (1M, A,) or intoxication; as also L' 1t;: (A:) or he arose (M, f, TA)from sleep (M,TA) disorderedin body andmind: (M, 1y, TA :) or he was intoxicated with sleep: (M, ]g:) or he nas lazy, sluggish, or slothful. (Aboo-Sa'eed, T.) - And .l;, (Th, M, ]g,) inf n. j;;; (TA;) and Vt,, (Th, M,) inf. n. .-jf3 ; (1;) t He (a man, Th, M) tat, or became, fatigued, or jaded. (Ti, M, 1g.) And X I 4a.~ t ; Ojt The riding-camel of suck a one was, or became, fatigued, or jadtled. (T.) And ,l; t HIe, or it, was, or became, quiet, still, or motionless. ([Aar, T.) _ It is said in a prov., of him who does wrong and does right, [or of him who does right and does wrong,] .j.~j ,. ;I, meaning, accord. to Aboo-Sa'eed, t lle defends his companion [at one time], and is la.y or sluggish or slotl!ful [at another time]: or it means Ase defends without energy at one time, and at another time is lazy or sluggish or sltlfult, so that be defends not at all: or, as some say, he mixes water with the milk, and so spoils it, a,d he makes it good; from the saying of IAlr that ,I;, signifies HL; but if it have this meaning, it is originally ;.,, with hemz. (T. [See more

asl; [thbe epithet *lj converted by the affix i called ki. [acacia, or mirmosa, gummifera], and into a subst.,] A bee; because of its quiet manner is the tree that grew at the cave in rwhich were the of flying. (J K, 1g.) Prophetand Aboo-lekr: so say Sub and others: it is, they say, of the height of a man, and has ilt. i,S, with kesr, (K, TA,) like im..* [in white Jflowers, resemblingq cotton, withiwhich form], (TA,) or tsr, (JK, and so in the C.I, cashions are staiffed, likefeathers in lightness and [like U'". in form, and, as most explain the softness: it is said by IHsh to be the same [tree] latter, similar also in meaning, whence it seems that is called ej) ... [see arL J.~]; but they that ftr. is the more probably correct,]) A quick, have found fault with him. [for so saying]: it is
swfil, or fleet, mare: (J K,* IS, TA :) pl. oflj,

(JK,1I,) [or rather 1I.

if the sing. be Ela1, like [or

and itl> if the sing. be :t,]
LIrf j

rather t:L], (TA,) or like O&lr [or rather pl. of O'] (JK:) but in the M, it is ISL, [app. meaning that the sing. is thus,] like t;L; and in like manner in the Tekinileh and the Jm. (TA.)

2. ?)l

~

b~, (T S, M, Mgh, Msb, K, &c.,)

inf. n. i , (8, Migh, ]g,) or ai&, (so in one of my copies of the .,) after the manner of a verb with an infirm final radical, like j, inf n. of Lj, (TA,) atid : , (., 19,) agreeably with analogy; (TA;) and, accord. to IDrst, in his Expos of the Fs, .5 ¢. also is allowable; but tlie .l; n. un. of '3. (T, S, M, g.) - See also former is the original; or, accord. to the L, tihe lj, in art. . former is anomalous, like Z.o?i in tihe phrase p?jWJI ;..; (TA;) He looked into the thing, a0., or, as some say, only , without.; or affair, or case; inspected it; examined it; (M;) the latter was the usual form, without .; considered it; or thoolght upon it; (., M, Mgh, (, Mb ;) or each; (lg ;) a subst. from la; Msb, K;) and thought upon it releatedhy; syn. p..l; (S, X ;) meaning Inspection, examination, -?'; (M, L, ], TA;) i..e. ;;.; (TA;) consideration,or thought; (.,'M, Msb, s ;') and -, not hastening to reply: (K,1 :) and t, signifies repeated inspection or examination or considerathe same; (. in art. b,i;) i.q. ); (T;) or, tion; (M, Masb, K,' TA;) or considerationof accord. to some, it is a mispronunciation. (MF.) the issues, or results, of an affair; (Msb;) with_lience, L ! .*. The eighth day of [the out haste to reply. (8,* ],*TA.) You say, X *J mnonth] Dhu-l-]lfijieh; originally with .: its ip W .tJ [Such a one has no inspection, &c.]. derivation from &I is a mistake; and its de- (T.) It precedes what is termed otj&[i. e. resolution, or determination, &c.], and follows what rivation from t 11 requires consideration. (Mgh.) is termed . ti. e. intuitive knowledge, &c.]: [See 2 in art. L; ] one has well said, i ,, ,.. a...... l It (a place) abounded with the [hind of ! & 1Lq5J& L~r Jm-3 33LIL·o &;4% plant, or tree, called] : (AZ, AAF, K:) or so

not the jp [asclepias gigantea], as one author has supposed; but a tree resembling this: (MF, TA:) such is the truth: the Aj is not the :je: I have seen them both [says SM] in El-Yemen; and with the fruit of each of them cushions and pillows are stuffed: but the fruit of the jA commences small; then increases to the size of the htq;jl; [or fruit of the egg-plant, and much larger, like a bladder]; and then breaks open, disclosing what is like cotton: and the fruit of the .,j is not thus: thej. [he adds] is not found in Egypt; but it and the ; are peculiar to El.Hijaz and the neighbouring parts; [in saying this, however, he errs; for I have seen thdcy± in abundance in the deserts of the upper part of the Sa'eed ;] and the saddles of camels &c. are stuffed with the fruit of the lj in El-Hijkz. (TA.) Also The foam of the sea. (AHeyth, I.)~ And One of the letters of the alphabet. (TA.) [Sce the letter j.] See also art. j.

c2i

!, said of land (.,jl). (Mi.) *lj A kind of [plant, or] tree, (.T, , 1M, , &c.,) that grows in plain, or soft, laId, (T, M, TA,) having a white fruit: or, as some say, a kind of dusrt-coloured tree, having a red.fruit: (1W,TA:) n. un. ;Ij: (T, ., M, 1 :) and dim. V..: t (M, TA:) AIjn says that the ;4j is not taller nor broader than a sitting man: and accord. to one of the Arabs of the desert of 'Oman, it is n tree that rises on a stem, and then there branchforth [so in the M, but accord. to the TA, rise,] from it round, rough leaves: others, he adds, say that it is a small tree of the mountains,resembling an a11U; [q. v.], ha/ing a soft while flower like cotton: (M, TA: [but in the latter, the word rendered "soft" is omitted :]) some say that it is a tpecie of the kind of tree
Bk. 1.

*0 +1

' *"ALS J* ill

1 3lS

S

[His intuitive knowledge undoes the loops of meanings nwhen they are fast closed, and inspection suffices him]. (Har p. 8.) [See also a'jJ in art. S.] *:, dim. of:Ij, q.v, (M, TA.) t; L o.r the $ iJs. and a3lj and $ A (TA in iJi s.il'J)l

in art.

~,.]). Accord. to TAir,

;lj also signi-

fies He suspected. (T. [But in this sense it seems to belong to art. ,..]) _ Also He lied. (1. [But in the T, this signification is assigned to ,., tnot to ,1;,; app. in relation to the prov. above cited.])

2. '11 <], (S, M, A, g,) inf. n. ' ', .;aJ of which (AZ, M,) lie made the milk to be such as is 4.) termed ,M'; (s, M, A, K ;) as also t ^,tl: (M, A, .g:) or he put the milk into the skhin, and turned it over, in order that it miight become fit J 3, 1. ~1;, (T, 8, M, &c.,)aor. .,y, (T, S, 8cc,) .for churning, and tlen churned it, nhen it had not thickened nell. (AZ, M.) ~ See also 1, in inc n. ', (Lth, T, M9 b,) or ., , (S,) or both, two places. (T, M, Mgh, J,) said of milk, (T, ., M, &c.,) It was, or became, thick, or coagulated: (M, A, 4. "AI ..Ajl: se 2. [ as an intranm a,JI 1 148

1176 verb npp. signifies Ifre had much milk such as is then a boy, not having full intellect]. (IAr, 8, A: in one of my copies of the ;, and in the TA, below.] see ,1': its part. n. , termed -~. ) _ t The main, or most essentiMl, part, ";g The equal in quantity or measure or the syn. .. , of an affair: (M,1, :) so in the say[Ttis is the , M1 '1; like: so in the saying, I L* t [He does not undertake, 1 egual in quantity &c.of such a thing. (I, a TA.) ing, y 43jor superintend, or attend to, the main, or most llence, (M,) j essential, part of his affair]: app. from the kij - ;: see ,. 3lj, in two places. . of the stallion. (M.) - t .Meaus of subsistence: ·; *J -, (IA§r, T, M,) occurring in a trad., (M, P:) tfood,orsustenance: (TA:) tanything meanning t There is, or shall be, no dishonesty, nor that puts a thing into a good, right, or proper any mixing: (TA:) it is a saying of the Arabs, state; from the same word as signifying "a sour in a case of selling and buying, respecting the ferment that is put into milk to make it ferment :" commodity whichl one sells, and means I am put irresponsible to thee for its faults, or defects. (JM:) I a want, or thing that is needed [to one into a good, or right, state]: (S, M, A, 1f :) (IAgr, T, M.) and nwant as meaning lpoverty. (Ibn-Es-Seed, K, ~.9: sco what next follows, in thrce places. , (1, A,) or ap t ,i. TA.) You say, t [He nill not, or does .to, (M, TA,) i.e. il1 a.z The ferment of milk, (T, ~, M, A, Mgh, Meb, K,) consisting of a sour portion, (Q, TA,) which is put into mnilk in order that it may become such as is term ed.l ll; (T, 9, Mgh, Myb, in this TA;) and Vi;O; signifies the same as sense, (Kr, M, A, KI,) anid in the other senses which follow: (M:) this is the primary sigiification: (TA:) or ferment of milk rAhich contains its butter, anmd nhen its butter has been taken forth; as also VJ.lj in both of these two senses; (T;) or'in the litter state it is termed (TA:) or (so in the A and IS, but in the M " and,") re,tains of milk (M, A, I, in the second of which, as in the last, this applies also to t 4j,) that hus become such as is termed ,.;lj: (M:) or remaint /f milk left in the [hkin or osuel called] 3...y, in o,rder thatfresh milh, wrhen poured upon it, n,ay quickly become ,r.5: (T:) and milk containing its bulter: and also milh from which its buttter has been taken forthI: (Aboo-'Amr ElMularriz, MF, TA.) It is said in a prow., _ to,] the food, or snstenancc, of his family: or t their case, and the putting them into a good, right, or proper, state: (TA:) or I [the sup)pl/ying of] rwhat they require of him. (S, M, A, TA.) I A part, or portion, or small portion, (., T, M, A,) of tihe $, M, or ZaJ, 1, or 'L,

[Boox I. j) is (TA:) broken: it is rvhen or pieced, patched, ,i ,j: but this is [properly, or originally, pl. 3j,] with .: (T, TA:) so says ISk. (T.) [See art. ,1.] piece, wvith nhich a camers saddle (
t/': the next paragrapl. seeCC

not, undertake, or tabs upon himself, or attend 'T', S, MgT ;) until its butter is taken.forth; (Fr,

.. j, aniplied to milk, (Lthi, T,S, M, Mgh, Myb, so applied, (Lth, T, M, ,) K, &c.,) andt ., Tiick, or coogul tedl: (MI, Msb, f :) or churned, and deprived of its butter: (As, T, M, 1 :) see also aj, in two places: or thich, (S,) or having a conmpact pellicle ulon its surface, and thicl, or resembling liver so that it quivers, (Lth, T,) and fit to be churnCid: (Lth, T, :) or such as has been charned, and s,ch as has not been churned: (S :) or such as has becomle thick; (Fr, A'Obeyd, A'Olheyd, T, S;) or b;fi,ac and after its butter has been takenforth; (Mgb ;) like as the epithet is applied to a sha-camel wlien )regnant and l wllen shle lias brought forth. (A'Obeyd, T, t;.) A poct, citcd by A, sayvs,

night: (T, S, M, A, 1:) [app. from the same word signifying "remains of milk ;" as seems to (T, S, Mgh) meaning Aboo-Jllf'iz gave thee to be implied in the A:] so ini the saying, n rilt thou churned [pmilh], (T, S,) but hom drinh A period, or short portion,(tL.,,) > t1i.% ,1Ul of the night passed: (T, M, TA:) and ~ ;

JCJI '> 1 A periodl, or shor't portion, (.,l,) the night remained: (M, A, TA:) and a
I O~ X.t '~

of
jys

(,A,) ,

i.e. Z.

aL

·

'

}"1. or the like, i.e. tAbate [app. for 6.; thou, or allay thou, our fatigue, or the like, or relieve thou usfor a period, or short portion, of the night;

,;

before ~.s

being redundant].

obtain, (T,) or [ratler] but who wiiU be ansnwerable to thee lfor, (S,) the unchurned (T, S) [that is thick, or] that has not had its butter taken forth from it? (S. [Or AI; in the former instance may be from ,1; of wlhichlthe aor. is ~.~; so that it may tlhere mean n,hat orcasioned and doubt, or cvil opinion: see , 2 lj in art. .: if so, this word as belonging to the present art., and applied to milk, may signify only thick, or L; ; ;J; uncleurned.]) And one says,

t A piece of flesi-meat: (M, . :) so in · j, (1',) or aJI 5-L X, (M,) i.e. Jld has [Mi.x thou a mixture, app. of thick U t, '.~.3 .l ei m t [1iI cut the not, or I hare not, Nmixed hoeiy, nor milk such as .3 and fresh mjlk: thine shall be mhat will remain the saying, agJ aOJ ,1e : (T, I :) or, as some say, honey J,U [thine shall be some of .flesh-nmeat into pieces; or cut it piece by piece]. is termcd of it]: ( :) or "~ (M.)i t IIeavines, sluggixitness, or torpidnes&, nor milk; tlnis explaining the two words ._ . i it]: (so Meyd:) it is like the saying .; of the intellect, and <,' without rcstriction. (M. [See also art. i.U [expl. in art. )j&]: (9, Meyd:) and is (T, ]f,) or laxness, or confusednes ;,: (T,) and languor, feebleness, or faintness, (K,) .]) - _ [Ilence,] :lj apl,li,ed to a man, (T, applied in inciting to aid him in whom one will Good amid S, M, A, K,) as also O, , (T, M, k.,) and from drinking much milkl. (T.) - I. q. Spj find profit, or advantage. (Meyd.) fertile land, abounding wcith plants, or herbage, i '1, (M, K,) :*Confused, disturbed, or dis[as meaning A ferment] such as is put into [the (T, M, K,) and with trees: (T, M :) that hind o,rdlteedl, (T, S, A,) in mi,td, by reaxson of drowsibeverage called] J.i [to make itferntent]. (TA.) of land in which the herbage, or pasturage, re- tne.ss,or satiety, or intoxication : (A :) or conAccord. to Aboo-'Amr -t I 'lat has collected qf the seminal fluid (T, mains longest. (T.)forundled, or perple.red; unable to see his *right $, AM, A, 1() of a horse, (1, A,) or of a stallion, E.h-Sheyb&nee, i. q. ;aj, whlich means A LiL cour.se: (M, 1l :) and languidl in spirit, by reason (Mi, Ki,) nfter resxtingfrom covering; (T, , M, g;) [or channel of water for irrigation: butit it has of satiety, or drln,xiness: (M :) or who has arisen ]. (M, K) fromn slee, (M) disordered in body and and t a; in this sense is mentioned by Lb: (M:) also other meanings, which see in art. ; (T, , TA;) expl. mind: or intoxicated frith xleep: (M, J :) or Ai., (TA.) - Thec treecalled (?, A,) (T,) or yo. say, iU .j % Si. _1. signifies t confused in his intellect and his opiwhen yo nask a person to lend you a stallion, or by Ibn-Es-Sced as meaning the tree called.sj instrument of hoohed A kind v.]. (TA.) [q. a horse, to cover: (T, ?, A :) or the collecting nion and his affair: (TA:) and a man :fatigued, thereof: or ile serminalfluid of the stallion in the (q..) by means of tvhich an animal that is wearied, distressed, elnbarrassed, or troubled: promb of the canmel: (M, :) it is thicker than hunted is drawn forth from its hole: (M, :) (A.:) fernm. [of the first] i1j: (Lh, M:) pl. of thlat whic is termed ;1i, and more remote in accord. to Abu-l-'Omeythil, the L ... [app. the first, (., MI, A, Mghll,) accord. to As, (S,) or of p respect of the place into which it is injected. (M.) meaning the same, or an instrument utsed for (~, A, Mgh, :) you say the second, s': -. t Strength of a horse to run: so in the phrase drawing forth the lizard called , fromn its company of men, confused, or 3j? ta people, stI. ,.' t [A horse wVhose strength to run hole]. (M.) at,, It is also mentioned by lAgr as disturbed, or disordered, in minds, (T, S, Mgh,) remains]. (A.) _- Intellect (IAr, $, A) of a [syn. wiLth k and kil,] meaning A knot. (T.) by reason of dromsiness: (Mgh:) accord. to Sb, man (I Apr, $) nhen it has attainedtofull vigour: A piece of wood with which a rwooden bowl, or (M,) rendered heavy, or weak, or languid, by (A :) [napp. as being likened to the kjj of the other essl, is repaired, or mended; or with journeying, (S, M,) and by pain, (M,) and heavy ; 4 which a breach,or broken place, therein is stopped rith sleep: (S:) or intoxicated by drinking [milk stallion:] so in t:e saying, )1) it, 6lj me, being up: (T, TA:) and, accord. to AZ, a patch, or such as is termed] ,51j. ($, Mgh.) _And ,~'I t [H. would talk toe 54i;. lb. A (A.)
-

Boot I.] also signifies t A thing, or an affair, that is clear, or free from dubiousness or confuednes; (Th, T and TA in art. );) like the milk so termed. (TA in art. ,.j. See an ex. in that art.) ~.%ja: see the next preceding paragraih.

-W - C t
meaning [Such a one strikes with his tongue] the tip of his nose, or the tip of his nose in the fore part thereof. (TA.) It is said in a trod. that the mulet for mutilating a person by depriving hlim of this part is a third of the whole price of blood. (TA.) And tThe bill of the eagle: AbooKebeer El-Iludlialee terms tile eagle's bill ±4 Il. (M.)-And ..efJ i j, occurring in a trad., is expl. as meaning t The upper part [of the kilt] of the sword, that is next to the little finger of the person grasping it. (TA.) Also Thle rneaint of the cultns of wheat in the siere, when it is sifted. (}~. [Not found by SM in anny other lexicon.])

1177 l
dast continued, or rent round, upon, or oner, the head of the camel; syn. lA. (TA.) 5. .j3 e [app. a camel] went round about the raateringtrough, or tank, thirsting, and not getting to it. (K.)

CMd A vensel, (T, $,) or receptacle, (A,) or skin, (M, ]4,) in wchik milk is made to be itch 3 as is termed ,1 j;. (T,S,M,A, K.) [See also

a.. j Haste, quicknes, (IABr.)

6. 6,

speed, or expedition.

l'aring m nuch milk sntch as is termed

b;.-(Ijar p. 416.)

tllj [an inf. n., (see 1,) or] a subst., meaning The state, or quality, of having an easy, or a ready, rale; of beinig taleable; or in Nmuch demnand. (Myb.) .l;j [app. applied to a amrnel] Going round about the wratering-tro,gh, or tank, thirsting,and not getting to it. (..) .~.,
l A confused tking or affair. (TA.)

3rMMilk that has not as yet been rchrned, .I,_ and ,,b (M, 8) The pa,rt whence the and that is in the skin, not haering had its butter 4, (or dung) issues; (M;) the Jjij. [i.e. the taken from it. (Aq, T.). And ""r .. L A rectum, or the tuel,] of a horse. (1I.) hkin in wlrich milk has been made such as is * -'termed 5,lj: (M, I :) or a skin that is trapped Z3p: see what next precedes. up [in order that its milk may thicken more . A man haring a large nose. (A,TA.) quickly by its being kept warm] until it attains the fit time.for the chuaring. ($.) It is said in a

proy., . 1

:lt ... L,U1.

nl, (T, S, M, A,)

meaning [The li!;bte:t in estimation] of what is drnk,b or given to Ibe drunk, [of milk,] beflire its butter comexforth fironom it (At, T) [is that in] a skin tthat is wrapped nip &c., ns expl. above: (S :) [or t the least tn be esteemed of the wrenged is he who remains quiet, or inert, like mnilk not yet in a state of fermentationti:] AZ mentions it as applied to him whio is low, anject, or contemptible; wlho is lield to he weak: and lie says that ;"lJll ~ means "I gave [tihe milk of] tlhe skin to be drunk before it hand attained to maturity [so as to be fit for the process of chuirning] :" (T:) or wO. signifies tint churned, but bavinyg in it its ferment; and the prov. is ariplied to him who is constrained to do something that is difficult, and to become in a staite of abasement, or ignominy, andl dloes not manifest any disapproval. (Meyd.)

1. 4,l, (T, 8, M, &c.,) nor. '1,

(T, A,

M^h,) inf. n. (T, T;, M,A, Mqh,) said of a horse ($,Mqb, K) and the like, (Msb,) [i. e.] of

a solid-hoofed anrimal (T, M, A) of any kind, (T,) He dunged. (M, Mcb.*) It is said in a j J ..g. -,., A, , He e,) made a commodity to have an easy. prov., ';3 ia:.1, (0,) or . jo J, .at. Mab, or a ready, ale; to be saleable; easy, or ready, (TA in art. ui,., in which it is explained.) of sale; or in much demand. ($, A, 1.0 ) _ lIe .1 j, (T, 8, M, &c.,) originbllv an inf. n., made money to pas, or be current. (, A,* (Mqb,) The ditng (M, Msb*) of the horse (~, Mc Jb._ ;: and 4 ti, lie made the Mqb,s) and the like, (Msb,) [i.e.] of a solid- thing to be quick, speedy, or expeditious; or eas hoofed animal (T, M, A, Mghl) of any kind: (T, quick with it. (L.) :. is also sjyn. writh Mgh:) (a coll. gen.n.:] n. un. ij: (8, MQb, .j:so in the saying, V .ly J1 . j, aor. ] :) and pl. ,t)jI. (., M, A, Mgh, g.) of the latter ,., and inf. n. .t, [app. meaning se: we what next precedes. Also The end, I excited the affair, or event, and it became or tip, S,, M, A, r,) of the nose, (M,) [i. e.,] of excited.] (TA.) - _ . ; He embeUished the A);l [or loswer portion, i.e. lobule, of the his speech, or lanuage, and made it vague, so nos], (Q, A, V,) whter the blood that flows from that one know not its true meaning: (Msb, TA:) the otrile drops, or drips: (M, A:) or thefore from Cil ,, (TA,) or from .Jt. . part of the nose altogether: (M:) or the end, or tip, of tlie nose, in thp fore part thereof. (TA.) (M;b.) - For JhI %:~. see 1, last sentence. You ay, dAA ;. L4 ( TA,) -'1 j [perhaps .:,] The 1 ~ i[; J1 1

t;,j* Okj Such a one is a person who makes comnodities to have an easy, or a ready, sale; to be saleable; easy, or ready/, !f ale; or in much demand: or twho makes money to pmas, or 1. 1, A, Mb, or. , (, A, Mb,) be current. ($.) inf. n. .ltj, (S, A, K,) or this is a simple subst., and the inf. n. is t (Mosb,) It (a thing, ;, or a commodity, Mqb) hadl an easy, or a ready, sale; 1. tl;, ($, Mb, ;,) se. pers. '_, (Oti,) was, or became, saleable; casy/, or ready, ofsale; nor. ,(M,b,g,) inf. n.C ; (g;) andl or in mtuch demand. (., A,* M.Rb, ].*) -And 1 , (Myb,TA,) inf. n. C, (Oyb,) or - ' ',-'J;, inf n. , The dirahems, or money, aor. pased, or had currency, among men, in buying tj ,;(TA;) It (a day) was violently rindtly. and selling. (M{b, TA.) - And.' inf. n. . lj, inf. n. (, Mb, g.) And Ctj, aor. tj, , It (a day) was one of good, or l?easant, ,rind. and l, accord. to IKoot, The thing, or as or. d, inf. n. , It watns, or affair, was, or became, quick, speedy, or cex- (TA.)peditious: (L, Msb:) or came pquickly. (MF.) became, ool and pleasant [by means of the wind]. And Cll It was, or became, present, or ready, (L.) It (a house, or tent, the door being opened,) and prepared: so in the saying, tl :, [Take [was, or became, aired by the wind; or] was JI I fThe thou what is present, or ready, and prepared]. entered bly the wind (L.) ...trees .felg the wind. (Aln, g.) [See also anothlier (liar p. 116.) - See also 2._ l ', [Hence, perhals,] tl, aor. (1R,) or t ... j, (Msb, [app. a mistranscription, meaning below.] uniless .. ~j be meant,]) ThU wind twas, or be, inf.n. ;, t Ie was, or becanme, brisk, came, confused, (Mob, K,) not continuing from licely, sprightly, actice, agile, prnml)t, or quick; one direction, (Msb,) so that one knewm not whence [as thiough he felt the wind and was refreshIed by it came. (R.) it;] (L;) as also CUtl;l: (, A, L, 1g:) l and * y.! signify the same: ($, L, g: [in tihe CI, 2. .z (., A, Myb, JI,) inf. n. , (A,

; t ,4
i

is erroneously put for

y9l:])and

t he (a man) becanm 1;"t, or actice, and

quick; syn. .. (Mqb.) You say, !:'. 4 l [and !.Jl jI] and , CUI [and a CUI] t lie ras, or became, briAk, licely, &c, ns above, at the thing, [or betook h imse/f nwith brishness, lirelines, &c., to the thing,] and was rejoiced by it. (Lth, TA.) A poet says,

[t And thou asertedst that thou dost not, or wilt not, betake thyself with brishnes, &c., to women, niaor be rejoiced by them]. (Lthl, TA.) Andl 1

.A l, i.q. C;t1I [He betoo himself with briskh.
nes, &c., to the thing, or affair; or was brisk, .&c., to do it]. (TA.) And .. Jl J5 CIJ1, (J., 148 '

1178

: [Whosoever is brisk, or prompt, or uich, in relmiring to the Friday-Inrayers in the first and d) l'; and and ; and ) (L, hour, he is as though he offered a camel, or a (L,) t He brightened in countenance at that cow or bull, for sacrifice at Mekkehhh] (g,* TA:) thing, (L, [there explained by d j,lI, and this the meaning is, Wt! jAL, (V, TA,) and Ld; I regard as tile right reading, rather than that (TA;) not the going in the latter part of the which I indl in the copies of the ], which is day. (C,* TA.) [See also what follows] Jsil, l; aor. t. , inf n. ;lj; S 1, perhaps meaning the same as *ea and t V t ; both i.e. Ahe became acquninted with that thing, or signify the same; (S, Msb, k, &c.;) contr. of * Lp!,]) and rejoiced in it, or 1oi; ( ;) said of a man, (TA,) and of a company knew it, syn. b at it, (L, ,) and was thereby affected with of men, (15, TA,) He, and they, went, orjouralacrity, cheerfulness, brisknss, liveliness, or neyed, or worked, or did a thing, in tit cvening, sprightliness, dlisosing him to promptnen in acts (Ig,TA,) or in the afternoon, i.e., from the uf kindness or beneficene: said of a generous declining of the mnn from the meridian until man when he is asked to confer a gift; and some- night: (IF, Msb, 15, TA:) this is said to be the times, metaphlorically, of dogs when called by primary meaning: (TA:) but they also mean he, their owner, and of other animals. (L.) [It is or they, returned: (Mqb:) and went, or jouris also said tliat] ~l~ and A.ljj and /..~ and am..j neyed, at any time: (Mph,* TA:) [for] tl:l and -, [all app. inf. ns. of C o, or some of not, as some imagine it to be, only [the going, or journeying,] in the last, or latter, part of the [as them may be simple subets.,] and a.l, day; but is used by the Arabs as meaning the though inf.n. of t -l] (L, I) signify tThe going, orjourneying, at any tinme of the night or crperiencing reliefirom grief or sorrow, after day; as also S.odM: so say Az and others: (M.b:) siffering thertefrom: (L:) or the erperiencing the joy, or hapIpiness, arising friom certainty. or lj, inf n. .%, signifies he came, or went, (IS. [See also below.]) You say also, after the declining of the sun from thei meridian: but is sometimes used as meaning he went in an .. A .J, J ' ~,` [app. meaning tI was absolute sense: (Mgh:) and thus it means in the affectel with cheerfulnes, liveliness, or the like, trad. commencing l sl {t[ [menat his discourse, or narration; as seems to be tioned above, where a different explanation of indicated by the context in the place where it is the verb is given]: (Mgl,* Msb :) and [in like mentioned: or perhaps, he trusted to his discourse, manner] one says to his companion or comand became quiet, or eaty, in mind; agreeably 3 as meaning Go, or ;j with an explanation of the verb whichi see below]: panions, 1tR; or l (A:) or 4~. J.l V t1,. the inclined to his jourJ:(TA:) but 1 _1;, (, L, g,) aor.

r,) and '1,

(L,) aor.

Vnt . n. lj

tJ
and;

[Bloo

I.

the winter, wphen the night became cold, rithout rain; (As, TA;) and so the latter: (L:) or he latter, the trees broke forth with leaers after the close of the b.&2 [or summer]: (S,TA:) and after - The branchput forth leavej ll tV' other leaves had fallen from it. (It, TA.) [See

another meaning of..!Jl Ctl near the beginning inf. n. of this art.]-tl, (S, 1,) aor. t
.t_;, (8,) said of a horse, [perhaps from the same verb as signifying "bhe was, or became, brisk, lively," &c.,] He berame a stallion, orfit to cover. l s1l;, aor. t The >, wind snmote (S, K.)-. it; namely, a thing; (L, 1;) as, for instance, a tree, and said of a tempestuous wind. .(L.) And said m, of a pool of water left by a torrent, It was smitten [or blorwn upon] by the wind ($, A, 1.) In like manner also it is said of other

things. (TA.) One says, *""alm.q The tre
was blown upon by the wind: or was blown about, or shahen, by the wind, so that its Iearves were made tofall: or had the dust scattered upon it by thi wind. (L.) And lIy.Q They (a people, or party,) were smitten and destroyed by the wind: (15, TA:) or they entered upon [a time of] wind; (, ,) (1 ;) as also, in this latter sense, 't,.,

5;,

. (A.) -;JI Ctj, (A'Obeyd, , (.'Obeyd, s,) aor. , I,) first pers. ,, (AA, , ,) [inf. n., (A'Obeyd, , 1,) and
or Vl.

discourse. (MA.) And Jat se,) ec. pers. .._,

{b, (., A, L, , inf. n. m

(C, L, K) and

5p; (L;) and

(L,) aor.

dJ t CUl; (A, L;)

lie was affected with alacrity, cleerfuliness, briisknen, liveliness, or sprightliness, disposinghim to promptness to do what was kind or beneficent: (A,, 1, L, ] :) he inclined to, and loved, kindness or beneficence. (L.) And si t. Ujl [He was alected with alacrity, &h., and so disposed

t

to bounty or liberality]. (C, 1g.)

And -J,;
d4

=|> 4 JiUtie4

t CUU

4L,

I[A trial,

or an afliction, befell him, and God was active and prompt with his mercy, and delivered him from it]: (T:) but ISd disapproves of thus speaking of God; and El-Farisee says that it is an instance of the rudeness of speech characteristic of Arabs of the desert. (TA.) [Hence seems to have originated, as is app. implied in the TA, the asertion that] V I; signifies , t di VtClf, t The being merciful: and t God delivered him from trial, or affjiction: (!~:) or 0 ;ll T U3I t God was merciful to

such a one (P.) One also says, .LJ .. ''j

,

(],) or I1A, (, L,) l His hand was active, prompt, or quickh, (, L, 1, TA,) to do such a owners. (C,' Msb.)8-- :J , (, A, K) thing, (], TA,) or with such a thing; (?, L, TA;) sor. ( ,A;) Al$; and ; (V, A;) [said in · as, for instance, with a sword, to strike with it. .J, (AA, l, J the TA to be tropical, but not so in the A ;] Tthe (A 'Obeyd, 8, hMgh, Mqb,) or (L.) Hence the saying of the Prophet, tl trees brohe forth writh leaves: (8, A, 1g:) or the Mfb,) or t .. ,,J (Ks, g, Mgb, Mqb,) i. e. [He former, the trees brohe forth with leaves beforc who slJys a person with whom h is on terms of 1 J t3{5 a ''w buX .11 2

app., of the former and of the latter , ns in the phrse of similar meaning following;] and V ~.l.i,, (Ks, , Il,) and t a.j;I; (AZ, 1 ;) lie smclt the thing; perceived its smell, or odour; (L) and 3.j';, (AZ, Ol; --- and C,' inf. n. , : (, 15, &c.;) as also t ,,l: l and L, 1,) signifies onily The camels returned in the (H.am p. 228:) and fil n, aor. ' ;' inf. n. evening, or afternoon, (S,. Msb,) whien their and ;; and nor. , inf.n. pastors drove or brought them back to tleir He smelt the odour. .(M,b.) You say of an owners: so says Az. (Mqb.) You say, '. (,) a,.d a'4t, ",!.i and inf. n..,n. and tl, I ment, object of the clhase, " (AZ, S, A,) inf. n. of the latter (AZ, TA,) (V, TA,) and I came, (TA,) to them in the appears at any time, as or afternoon; [or evning, le smelt mne; perceived my smnell, or odour: from what has been said above ;] and so° a, (AZ, , A, TA:) and of th sannie, t cII, (J,) , (1, and * (1, TA,) inf. n. ; (TA;) and . *-°!,I and't Vl (T , ]g,) and (Ti, TA,) inf. n. ; (TA;) and V v. : (K, (T,S,) He smelt a human being; perceived Ais smell, or odour: (T, ., 1g :) and the second of these TA:) and t a.ll sll I ; [I go, or come, to four, (K1,TA,) and the third and fourth, (TA,) him early in the morning, in thefirst part of the he smelt gently, that he mnight perceive the odour day, or between the time of the prayer of day- of a thing: (1, TA:) or the third and fourth of break and sunrise, and I go, or come, to him in the same, he nselt, or perceived, odour: (A:) the evening, or afternoon, app. he doing the like and these two, said of a stallion, he perceied the smell of the.female: and of a beast of prey you g..t, to me]. (A. [See also 6.]) And . 4, and ",.i, and 4t%, His camels, and his sheep or say, and t l, { ', and ?'t. goats, and his cattle, returned to him after the and l°..,;! meaning he seIt, or perceived, declining of the sun from the meridian; only at may perhaps be a dial. the odlour; and accord. to Lh, some say, t,4; that time: and ,,l 1 but this is .-eldom used. (TA ) [It is asserted var. thereof: (L, TA:) or ;.. ?e , lj (in IIHar p. 324) that V~1p., is only from ^ljl; they (i.e. camels) returned from the place oj pasture in the evening, or afternoon, to their but thils assertion is of no weiglt against the authorities cited above.] It is said in a trad.,

BooK I.]

117b i7o

his right, or due; (S, v ;) as also Cz1. (g1.) i. e. a believer,)] flesh-meat, (8, 5,)and of water; (1;) and so peace, (or, as in the TA, 't., altered became it And the saying, in a trad., of Umm-Zar, t latter, the latter: (TA:) or the Ae will not pereivw the odour of Paradise: Mqb;) A, M, 8, (L4, the worm] in odortr; t He gave me much cattle: because AL.~W j (8, Mgh, Mb :) Ay says, I know not whether it [for said of flesh.meat, (Lb, M, A,* M9b,) and of she was [as thoughl she were] a CIr for his (8.) You say also, water, (Lb, 8, M, A, Myb,) &c.; (8 ;) and so the . , from ;,~be from .~ or bounty. (L.) I perceived from him (a man, former, said of water: (L, TA:) ISd makes a · ., jJI il [q. v., as 5. ctj,3[efannedlnhimsef]. (A, TA.) And .l0 and * t;3 f)'a saeet odour. (8, A.)- [And hence, app.,] distinction between [He fanned himseif ilth a fan]. ti' lv)j,t Ile obtainedfrom does also J,] said of water. (Myb, TA.) - Also, " and?t CJl U*j;,.: Lb) beast, a ocelraor. (inf. n. .l;l, L,) He (a man, 8, and J. , (., Msb, 15.) Le " JJ 1 LS thee a favour, or benefit. (Ji.)--;, revived, or his spirit returned to him, after ring in a trad., means I toa i1hem requiring the , IHe (a man) had the quality j, in. n. l,.-I, q. v.: (TA:) fatigue; (Lb, S, ;) like by j vith the fan [explained below, i.e. width in the and he had rest. (15.) - And [hence], (8, Mhsb, beitygfanned termed sunrixe]: after morning the [in reason of the liat space betn'een the thighs or Icgs; &c.; or] a Ii,) inf. n. l- 1 .i, (TA,) or Cl, (M.sb,) t le or it may mean returning to their tents or houses: spreading in the fore part of each fool. (Ltil, (a man) died; (., Mbl), K ;) as thlough lie found Thc ;r . HisJfoot had the quality rest: and he (a camel) died, or perished. (TA.) or selting rest. (TA.)e,jlTA.) And ~0 ',jj (M,b.)-.C d itself. diffuc or exhaled, odour so termed. (TA.) You say, Etl CE'l [lie rested, i.c. had rest, and said of water, It acquired the odour of another so rested others], meaning t he died, and so people thing by reason of its nearness ithereto. (8, A, C. j ei say, You 2. 2~ [He fanned]. became at rest from him. (A.) - [Hence also,] Myb, 1K.) See also 4._ See also 10: - and see a_j.J [(lie fanned him with the fan]. (A, We performed the act of prayer: 1, in five places. 51_l ijllk 3 said of herbage, It 0p . TA.) And wjtvJl i)ecause its performance is [a cause of] rest to the benanetall: ($, K]:) andin like manner said of [They required to be fanned, by reason of the soul; the waiting for the time thereof being trees; as well as in another sense explained in the heat, with the fan]. (TA.) - Aleo, (A, Mbs,) troahlesome. (Myb.)-,:;..l said of camels fir.t paragraph. (TA.) - jj, thloug,lt by ISd (Mh,) lie pfuntme oil; renderedl &c. [as thoughl meaning They returned in the inf. n. j, -: see it sweet in odour, (A, Myb,) by putting perfume evening, or afternoon, to rest]: see I, in the latter to be an inf. n., of which the verb is 4a 1 and L 1;J: see 4. half of the para,aplh._ ; inf. n. 'l1 anid -CI, in it. (Mob.) __t rIJ, (A, Mgh, Msh,) inf. n. as above, (A, ' b;, said of a man, Hlis camels, and sd,eep or I_ j (TA) and t o l; (1, TA,) 6. oats, and cattle, returned to him in the evrening, Mysb,) lle pefurmed with them the prayeri gs They tw'o didl a deed, or D11j,l having or afternoon, from pasture. (L.) - And Clb, [like I;3W and 1. (A, Mgh, M lb.)-- li l termed turns,] or alternately; by [resting work, by turns, for its olijects camels, anid shlecp or goats: see [app. for 6'ea. ljI,] likewise said of a man, lie 1jP They (K, TA.) And Irl syn. ;tl3. : l "' ',in the latter half olf aligAted fromn hit camel to rest him and to alleseorel .'· 4. (TA.) gs13. syn. i, in did a thi,ng by turns; ,.1: see 1-l, or 1.. viate him. (L.) the first lnaragralih. t (8, AS) ' tj-..;!-J e. .t ,, and [lHence,/] Jjai . ' .1. = .a^l.j the last quarter of the paragraph. hal latter the l Uli: see 1, in ot1 3. ~.llJ the 8, the context implies that the meanting is, 1t Cj1, &c.: see 1, in the last [in a_ J,5:1 )^j.!, and .2 _ C 1 of tile p(nragnrla. his treo hands are occupied alternately in Verily quarter of the paragraph, in twelve places. which is kind, or beneficent: in the A, that doing th, doing or e eWdI CM, (Mgl, g1,) signifies The e -1Il, (8, A, Msb, K,) inf. n.'.'I1, (Mbb, TA,) time be trolical, mid the context seems to to one is said this it alternately; wnorks, two deeds, or and that one time: (S, Mgh, 15:) as, for instance and Vt. l) is a sulst. nsed as an inrf. n., [i.e. a illdicate that the meaning is, ! his two hands vie, readi!ng, or reciting, at one time, and writing a t quasi-inf. n.,] like s'tb and oIj used as ilf. ns. one with the other, in promptness to do that e , 3 I of stblJand ,jIl, (TA,) said of God, (., IK,) or ,Ahich is kIindl, or beneficent]. 1 j 4'O.l .JC another time: (Mgh :)and 3 , to him made him, rested lle MRb,) (A, man, a the standing upon the two legs alternately; tipoln of and .yj l^l3J [Thlcy vent in the evaning, or or gave him rest; (S,' A,' each in turn: and ,4..I CM _ I, th· be at rest or at aease, or houses, apip. meaning Mib ;) namely, hired man, (Msb,) or any man afternoon, to their tents, turning over [upon the two sides alternately, or housc, by tu,ns]. (A.) or taent, another's to t (TA:) and the former, 11c one ' tPj: as also fi.om side to aide. (.) You sany, [See also 3.] [He did twro deeds, or works, alternately; hte (God) caused him to enter into a state of rest L t'L 8. tUJI, and its inf n. Ctg: see 1, in the j H e (f, TA,) or of mercy. (TA.) And 4 alternated them]. (A.) And aJ ' e (K in art. 'tJ) Gire ye us rest. (TI£ in that art.' former half of the pargraph, in ten places: ,:ood upon one of his legs one time and upon th 1. lie revived, or recovered, hi And ;m see 6. Ij;-: and see also 10. _c other another time: (8, Mgh:) it is said also c tCl, o,Wj l l one walking Las meaning he moved his legs alter. camel. (TA.) - [Hence,] 'L s, aid of a branch, (Myb, TA,) It 10. t caU to prayer, and so nade th, nately]. (A.) And it is said in a trad., ,fW lie chanted the the wind: (TA:) or it inclined by shaken became t He ued to ra rt people to ease their hearts by performitng the ac. J J5- ,3 -i,l (Myb.) - See also 1, near the aide. to tide from ) of prayer. (L.) - And Ctl, (., M, A, Myb, 15, Upon one of his feet one time and upon the ot/a , in£ . j~l1; (M, Mgh ;) accord. to one dial. , beginning of the paragraph; and see another time to give relief to each.of them [i in and 4d~.aJ. ,l l, in the former J,. .J, s (.* A, TA, ) ; (TA;) and ,esor. conequence of long standing]. (TA.) One sayys t Also, (K,) and the same paragraph. also, `,j1 lie did a thing with him by turn , inf. n. ( ;) ]Ie (the pastor, Mob) drovc part of D.O; 1 ,(8, A, Myb, 1],) [which latter is the more each of them taking his turn [and so relieving ti bach, or brought back, (8, M, Myb, VI,) camels common in this sense,] and tCUjI, (TA,) and signifies the giving mttut (l .l1JI other: for (, M, A, Mgh, Myb, 15,) and sheep or goats, (M q. v., (Mqb,) [and t*C3, as relief, or rest]. (TA in art. _,r,,.) [See also 6 '] A,* Mgh,) and cows or bulls, (A,* Mgb,) in th i sometimes tjl, (M, Myb,) after the decliz afternoon, or evening, rt or d,] said of a hired man, .tV '- quasi-pass. of &' see 1, in the fortner pa el': n . l, inf n. s thei [from (.,) teridian, the from sun the of ing paragraph. of the (Msb,) [and of any man,] ie1 found, orsa-pto their nightly reating-place rienced, rat, or mas; [ma, or becams, at ret, pasture,] of place 4. lCl le breathed (, A, ] :) said of ( ; A,' M,b,* ;) I&(for yo aor at ease; rested;] (.,* M, 1[,) or t,;l J4 [and t.t man, (A,) and of a horse. (8.) - [It enitted a,n of it], means [by odounr:] it (a thing, Myb) stank; (., Myb, V ;) i;l ta N :"'. ) i. e. to their owners]. (Myb. .) [from him, or it], (A,) and & t lIjI t He retored to Air m (Mqb;) from .l;sl; (.8;) quasi-pa. of ;, .i; (MYb. TA:) the former msid of - [Hence,] as also t1:
-f

5tj,

1180 (A, Mqb,) and of di ,I;f .! (. ) . t,:. (accord. to the ? and V, but in other lexicons C{_1, TA) He trusted to, or relied upon, him, or it, and became quiet, or easy, in mind. (S, ~, TA.) -_ See also 1, in the last quarter of the paragraph, in seven places. -'.JI 1 ,i. j t . The rain revived the true. (L.) [BooK I.

Traditions in different senses, but generally signify- book of religion and religious la,rs, (or j. may ing [as explained above, i. e.] the vital principle; here have some other meaning,) and his 4ur-dn]. (IAth, TA;) [or the nerous fluid; or animal (TA. [Mentioned also in the A; in a copy of Ipirit;] a subtile vaporous substance, vwhich i the principle of vitality and of sensation and of which, in the place of 1 ti, 1 I findl 1 ,, an evident mistranscription.]) _ And t Yhaat God voluntary motion; also called the jule tj; ordains and commands (]J, TA) by means of his ti; Windy; applied to i day: (TA:) or, so applied, violently-windy; (8, Mgh, Mgb, ];) as (KT in explanation of the term u.i ;) or asubtile assistants and angels. (TA.) - Also Jibreel body, the source of which is the hollo,o of the [i.e. Gab,riel]; (S,· A,* K;) called in the ]Kur also t31j, which is the original form, (Msb,) or corporeal heart, and which diffuses itself into all [xxvi. 1]9a] may be so: (TA:) fem. of the former with ;, the other parts of and [in ii. 81] the body lby means of the applied to a night (;i). (A, TA.) [See also pulsing veins, or arteries: (KT in explanation of %,,;lI or .,..iJI, as related by Az on the autho. rity of Th. (TA.) [The last of these appellations, the term l_eJl One says, AL.; Jl: [so too ; q.v.: . J_C* .aV3 is a wintdI. ni_ght: tAe oppressd in mind see also Gen. ix. 4: many of the ancients believed or generally, but incorrectly, ,..il .jt, i has ret therein]. (A.) . It is also syn. with tie soul to reside in the blood: see Aristotle, De applied by the Eastern Christians among the t~ '!. (., L, 1. [See 1, near the beginning of Anim. i. 2, and Virgil's AZn. ix. 349:]) or the Arabs to /7'e Ioly Spirit; the Third Person the paragraph.]) _- And [hence,] WVine; (S, A,* vital principle in man: (Fr, TA:) or tie breath' of the Trinity.] - And [sometimes Our Lord] n'hich a man breathes, and which pervades the Jesns. (S,* A,* I.) And A certain angel, ;)as also t : (S, K:) so called because whole body: [and tilis seems to be the (I'Ab, .K,) in the Serenth leaven, (I'Ab, TA,) original the drinker thereof becomes brisk, lively, or idea exprcssed by the word:] after its exit, he nwhose face is like that of a man, and his body sprighitly; or, accord. to IHsh, because he ceases to bhreathe; and when it has compnletely gone like thatt of the [other] angels: (I'Ab, . :) or becomes affected with briskness, liveliness, or forth, his eyes remain gazing towvardx it until certain creatures resembliny mankinal, but not sprighlitliness, ,lisposing him to generouis actions: they clos; called in Pers. >1_: (AIIeyth, TA :) men: so in the Kur lxxviii. 38: (Zj:) or the in the L, [which mentions these twvo worlds in accord. to the Sannees, the rational soul, (V.Aijl twatchers over the angels who are wratchers orer art. c,] the I in tilhe former word is said to be the sons of Adam, whose faces are said to be like 1 [also termed L t tjl C ,]) hich isi the faces of men, and whIom the other anels s.ee substitu.ted for U [nnd hence the IU in the latter 3.' t, adapted to thefaculty of making known its ideas not, like as me see not the matrhers nor if stich ihe the case]. (TA.) the [other]s, See also _.lj, in by means of speech, and of understanding speech, angels. (Th.) See also t;, in three idaces. four places. and which, perishes not with the perixhing of the .. and of C tl (,S &c.) body, being a substance, not an accident; as is Also pl. of j: (L:) , as an epitihet; fernm. with : soee , in shown by the words in the Kur iii. 163, which two places. ~ Also A gentle wind; a gentle t.a: see &iJ, of whlich it is saidtl to be a oale; a breeze; the cosmmencement of a wind refer to the t:, (Mb :) most of the doctors of ¢ luasi-pl. n., in three places. - Also Vidth, wmiebefore it becomens strong; or the breath of the the fundamentals of religion forbid the diving into nes, or ampleness. (S, .) El-Mutanakhkhliil wind when wneth: (.8, g, TA:) or the cohl, or this matter, becalise God has abstained from [in the TA El-Muntakhal] El-IIudhlalee says, making it known: (TA:) tie philosophers say coolnes, of s,ch gentle wind. (A, TA.)-_ I. q. that it is the blood, by the exhausting of nwhich VU [napp. iA i.c. Breath; like ... ... said to the life ceases: (Mhb .. . . -3 Lw,AN S ot :) the word is mase., (IAgr, be thio primary signification: (MF:) or sp)irit; IAmb, Az, S, M, A, M 9 b, 1]g,0) tlms, with th e .... 0#. -b 1 [likO tj ;]- syn. .A;; as in the saying, t1., Arabs, differing from Ji, .. for this they make ., TA,) meaning But Kebeer Ib>n-.Iind, a tribe fem., (IAsr, IAmb, Meb,) but the former is also c a,.~ ,,,t;I [lie (meaning God) halth quickened, of Hudheyl, on that day, were lax in the joints or vviefied, mankind with hitspirit: or perhiaps fem., ($, M, A, M 9b, I[,) app. as meaning i-, o f the lft/Ihands by reason of vehement pulling tho right reading is n.-I]. (A.) - See also (NIsb,) as is said in the R; (TA;) and most hold [ of tile bows], having midee in their ;ight t to be as often fem. as it ia mase.: (MF:) one h ,Llj, with whichi it is syn. ($, ].) -Also hands by reason of vehement striking with the t Joy, .js. (IAar, Az, TA) [and also . happineu, or gladnes; (AA, MF, TA;) said to ssys ~ word. (TA.)-Anml [particularly] IVidtfh, or sa be a metaphorical meaning, from the saimec word ,.3j, meaning His soul departed, or wentforth] : nvidenes, in the space betn,een tilu thighs: (TA:) as Syn. with V.A ; (MF;) and t likewise lih p. is ~1*1. (S, Msb.)_ Also i.q. ; (K) 0r i,ideh, or nwidleness, (S, Mgl, K,) i,, (., K,) r of, (Mgh,) [or between,] the t,ro les, (8, has this meaninig: (IAir, TA :) or the former, properly A blowing with thoe mouth; but here] rest, or ease, firon grief, or sorrow, of heart. E . mcaning windl that issuJe fionm the ,j; (TA;) Ig,, K(,) les, than what is termed _, (8, I,) (Ay, TA.) In the sayingr of 'Alee, j r less than (A, Mgh,) ,rith wideness viad, or breath. (AD]), TA.) Dha-r-llummel beI n -:Q or reen the fore parts of the feet, and nearness of ,tie phrase hl , .f,ikl cJ is ays, respecting fire that he had struck, and upon t& ie heels, each to the other: (S:) or [simply] tllought hy lSd to mean t Tie joy and happiness rhich he bade his companion to blow, l l that arisefronm certainty. (TA. [See art.jt.]) G lire life to it, or enliven it, with thy wind [or idenc& between the fore parts of the feet, and ear,less of the heels, each to the other: (M.sb:) - Also t A'ercy (~, /, TA) of God; thus called breath]. .-0 g'. (TA.) And one says, 1 i-l-. iI os a spreading in the fore part of each as being a cause of rest, or ease; (TA;) and so £ foot: m./; He filled the shkin with his wind; n ith his (] ,th, Mgh, Msb :) or a turning orep of the foot fti\.; (ll;) and Itli4j; (L;) and .j; is reath. (ADI, TA.) - [Honce,] 'on it.s outer sile: IA{r says that .JI also U) in the &aiby Aa to have this meaning in the lnur iv. si gnifies t Inspiration, or divine revelation; (Zj, le gs is less than Ei, and 1(0: the pl. of the first of these three words [and T this is less than Jis. h, of the last, and accord. to some a pl. of the second ai ] ;) such as it imparted by means of an 'A.). j L4 Y'9l IjL means This is a rgel: thus in the gnur xvi. 2 and xl. 15: so (1 also,] is 1j;. (TA.) c alled because it quickens from the death of th~ ing, or an affair, ewhich we do by turns; as 6, fidelity, and thus is, to a man, like the ; · The soul, spirit, or vital principle; syn. ~~~~~~~~in ahso j,a. (TA.) w bich is the vital principle of his body: (T:) or u.a; (1Ap., IAmb, L, Msb, TA, and 8 and l (ao says .Zj accord. to the L, but in the 1 " and ") ~, originally CY, thej being changed into &c. in art. w.; [but there is a difference between tAe propheticcommission. because of the preceding kesreh, (T, $, M b,) (Zj, K.) And t The I5 9 thee two words, for they are not always inter- A 'ur-dn; (IAqr, Zj, ,' A,* ;) whereby God's ss is shown by its dim. mentioned below; (T, changeable, as I have shown in art. w, ;]) [i. e.] er eatures are [spiritually] quickened, and guided MI b ;) 8b held it to be of the meauure j; and

d,i1; (4; [see also ,; third to the right way. (TA.) So in the trd., lti.3j sentence;]) often occurring in the Bur and the a ,.. t{ [Reviwc yourselves mith God's

AJ,u1 i,

5j]:

.j

B ooK 1.] Abu-l-.i.asn, J
(TA;) [WYind;'i. e.] the air that is nally made to obey [the wilU of God] and to run its course betN'enC heavn and earth: (M9 b, TA:) or of the air; and in liko manthe breath (..") ner, of anything: (L,TA:) said to be thus called because it generally brings t) and Ia1j

1181

a~,~i! d>. o J b (1, TA) i.e. I eft him, or it, more clear than the court, open area, or yard, [of a house,] or than the paln Qf the hand; (TA;) meaning, t without anything. (V, TA.) -_And t )j signifies also Plain and opec tracts of land, prodtucing much herbage, (ISh, K,) hard, bat comprixnng tof placac and [what [i. e. rest, or ease]: (IAmb, MF:) one says q. v.], not are termed] .eel.J [pl. of '., t. and 'tC;., like ;li and ;l1j; ($;) [using fo,nmiru any part of [the lied of] a torrent nor the latter as a more special term; for] a'.., sigof a varly; (ISh;) one n,lhereof is termed ta1j. a L5t) [meaning nifies a portion of niind (.t.J (JSh, I.) - Also The plicature of a garment, or a n,ind of short duration; or a breathl, puf,; AAil aga.;nst the enemy, or rictory or conquest, pieee of cloth: (Is, TA:) or the original plicattre blast, or gust, of wind]; (Sb, M;) but 'O and or the turn of good fortune, is to the family 01 thereof: so in the saying, in a trad., respecting a ; U; s,A also t. -And see new garment, or pieco of cloth, m V may be used in the same sense, i. c. the snch a one. (TA.)-See its original plica[Fold tholu it in the mannetr of latter may be used as syn. with the fornnmer, and imlj (with whichl it is syn.), in four places. (TA.) tare]. they are mentioned by some [as analogous] withl Also t A good, swueet, or pleasant, thing. (1.) is of the - The pl. CI occurs in a trad. as meaning ,,ul,d 'L;jh: (Sb, L:) .M. Also A journey in the i;4: see a.lt,. fem. gender (IAmb, L, M9b) in most cases; Thie jinnn, or genii; because they are [supposed evecning, or afternoon: an inf. . of un. of t1j: (Mb ;) anm all the other nmimes for wind nre fem. to be often] invisible, like the wind. (TA.) (Ham p. 521.) And The space (L:) pl. ' ,. except jL., which is mase.; (IAmb, MPI,;) of a journey in the afternoon, or evening. (L.) Lm.; Rest, repos, or case; cn,,tr. of .3; is sometimes made mase. as mcaning but c m[Also, as seems to be indicated in the TA, (TA;) cessation of trouble, or inconveience, and The outer si(le of eachi of the legs of a man rwhen ,;'i: (AZ, Msb:) [it is used by physicians as signifying flatus, Jlatuosity, orflatulence; as in of toil, orfatigue; (M.sb;) [or freedom tlhere- bowed: see tj.] 1, [of from;] and ' t signifies the samne as O a gross Jlatu :1 thc p.1)1 the plrase a4 , and see also FCO se: in two places: ($, A;) !ike *t3j (S, A, Ig,) from ;.t-&; paue.] is elil (', Mgh, Mab, ]~, &c.) and e:l, ($, Myb, g,) the latter used by some, but dis- [mentioned in the first para.ral.l as an inf. n. in allowed by AJIt because there is in it no kesrelb a similar sense, as are also ablj nnd t I.3j and [ra.. Of, or relating to, wind: flatulent; au to cause the j to be clhaned into i., (L, MlIb,) .? j and tV .·J, i. e., as meaning the ex.539 flatulent colic.] (., Mglb, Myb, I}, periencing relief from grief &c.]. (TA.) You in the lhih,-se and [the ,pl.of mult is] t.,

5';]

and

J

; [if the latter, origi- inadvertence, or will ye act agressuively? for yard, (1, TA,) of a house. (TA.)
prevalence is for the aggrcssor]. (S.) And ,3 hence the phrase in the lur [viii. 48], ,;k3Ljj t[And your predominance, or power, depari]: (.:) [or in this latter instance it lias the meaning next following.] - t Aid against an enemy; or victory, or conquest: (}1, TA:) and Sa turn of good fortune. (A, ]p, TA.) One t Their turn of good fortun says, _., .j . 1 l;: ,'L depa.rted. (A.) And [lVWhen thy turns of good fortune come, avail 1" th/yself of them]. (A.) And 9J) j
A !

One sayp,

ii

,,

&c.,) with LS because of the kesreh, (Mib,) and e. a~ C S-U r Vt 9. th-,O a word respecting the formation of .; (1, but not found lby SM in tny othier [TIhere is not, for such a one, in this of/air, or whichi there are different opinions; many saying of lj';] case, or event, any rest, &c.]. (TA.) And l that its mnedial radical letter is j, and its original .1; [p11. lexicon;) and the pl. pl. is j, s tnay be argued from the form of C ) 1J1J ?Do thou that in a state fornm U [p]. of{ 1tJ]: (.K:) the dlim. ofrj is t and .1l1 its dinm., mentioned below; (Myb;) others, that of easm (S, A, ) and rest. (A.)- See also 4, ti..j (T, M,b.) , or anothler form of pl., near the middle of the paragrapbl. (MF;) and others, tA wife; its original form is O j; and that it is *, is often used in a good sense; and the sing., in an syn. .,s: (K:) because one trusts to her, or thatt its medial radical letter is evil sense; because the Anrbs say that tlhe clouds relies upon her, and becomes quict, or easy, in of the same Imeasure as as may be argued are not madcle to give rait save by diverse winds from the form of its pl., mentioned below; (Meb;) .: ( $,1K:) blowing together; and this distinction is observed mind. (TA.)=The hand; syn. A certain pltnt, (, K,) well known, (.,) oj (l1sb, MF;) [rather] the palmn of the haud; or in tie K1tr-An. (L) IHence, it is related in a [or .,..~, i.e. c.L. swreet odour; (K ;) the & includes the _ilj withl the trad., that le [bol.ammad] used to say, when for the term bosil-royal, or common swveet basil, ocimum bawind rose, o ;j 1, ,i t fingers: (MF:) pl. t,j, (., A,* Mb, g,) [o silicumn, the seed of whiich (called 'jt.4 [O jj) is Godl, nmake it to be ninds, and ,nake it not to be rather'this, said in the Jg to be syn. with, 11 :]) or used in medicine]: (Mgb: [see also a wind]. (TA.) [But this distinction is not is a coll. gen. n., of whiclh L 1; is the n. un.,] an any sweet-melling plant; (T, Mgh, M b, ] ;) 9 [tie pl. is] 1_1;. (Msh, K.) You say, ;i ; always observed.] Oneo says, but when used absolutely by the vulgar, a par[Tley pu.hed hin, with the palns of the ticular plant [that mentioned above] is meant S[Such a one itclines, or turns, with every f/ .I thereby: (Mb :) or the extremities thereof; (]i;) hands]. (A.) The saying of a poet, SL ' [$Suc" h tind]. (TA.) And &a,1 t i. e. thio extremitie of anty neetsmelling herb, a one is like the wind that is sent forth to drive n,hen thefirst otf its blossoms come forth upon it: the clouds, and produce rain; (sce the lpur xxv. (TA:) or the leaves thereof: (]g:) or the leaves 00;)] meaning, i quick, or prompt, to do acts of is explained as meaning TIhen the sun of day has of seed-produce: so, accord. to Fr, in the ]Jur set, and men, looking towuards it, shield them.St J;qj kindnefs, or beneficence. (A.) And 1v. 11: (S, TA:) [it is a coll. gen. n.:] the n. un. selves from its rays rith the palms of their hands: is with 3; (TA;) and is applied to a bunch sdate, taid, or C JI t A man who is calmdat, or, accord. to 1Air, rwhen the [sun of] day has grare. (A.) - Also t Predominance, or pre- becone dark, by reason of the dust of battle, and (L1[) of )o4t;and, with the article Jl, (as a ealence; and power, or force. (.,]~.) A poet it is as thlough it wrere setting, and people have proper name, TA,) the ;"~ [a certain plaint respecting whichi authors differ]: (1]:) the dim. says, (v,) namely, 8uleyk Ibn-Es-8ulakeh, or found rest from its hleat. (L [See also CI, ': (Mb:) and the Ibl. is 'I'aabbata-Sharri, or Aphk of the tribe of Fahm, in art. C; where other readings are mentioned.]) of jtmj is (TA, and so in one of my copies of the .,) _...l 1: and app., as seems to be indicated in the · ~tO. (Mgh, Myb) -[Hence, TA,] ~1 £.lj A certain plant. (Q, TA.) is a name jl .. 1 _,.gJl sl..,: see '. *. 5. ' a.4 1;; [or myrtletree]. (TA in art. _And t.Ai,sword of El-Mukhtdr Ibn- of The O.' tA

Jj

,i

Abe.'Obyd (g,TA) Eth-Thaaofee. (TA.)_ t [WiU ye two await, a little,
thl

time of thdr

. Offsping; (L, ](, TA;) from the .~j abo signifies A court, an open area, or a same word as signifying "any sweet-smelling
)-

1182 plant; (Yam p. 713;) or from the same word in the sense next following: (L:) [a coll. gen. n.: n. nn. with ;; whencc,] [meaning ly trwo descendants] occurs in a saying of Mohammad as applied to El-H.san and El-Ioseyn. (TA.)A bounty, or gift, of God; suel as the means of subsistence, &c.; syn. ijj: (S, L, ]1,TA:) said to be of the dial. of Himyer. (MPl.) So in the saying, 411irl4 j el ! [I wsnt forth seeking, orseeking diligently, the bounty, &c., of God]. (AO, 9I,TA.) And in a verse of En-Nemir Ibn-Towlab cited voce ;a. in the even,nq, or afternoon. (A.) And

[Boox r.

1.,
-'

L.) (S,

I1

[Thy people, orparty,

(S., TA.) And in the saying, in a trad., tm d

.jl

· il t[O [Offxl'pri',g are ofthe bounty of god]. (S, TA.)_ It is also used (S, ]K) in the accus. ease as an inf. n. [forming an absolute complement of a verb understood], (S,) in the sense of so in the saying, i;.'t 1 , t [I extol, or celebrate, or declare, the absolute perfection, or glory, or purity, of God, and beg his bounty, or his supply of t/i means of subsistence]. (S, K.) - See also .J
a .·.

j.lum..%, with fet-h to the , applied to a place, Good, or pleasant [app., like C ",in respect oJ wind or air]. (S, TA.) .Seo also what next follows.

i;a-.,

witll

damm to the j, (S, A, g, &e.,)

andi t ,j. , with fet-b, but this latter is deemed strange by the lexicologists [as syn. with the former], (MF,) app. rel. ns., from t`j [in the former instance], or from CV meaning the "breath of the wind when weak" [in the latter instance], extraordinary in form, with I and ; added to the usual form of the rel. n.: (TA:) Of, or relating to, ths angels and the jinn or genii: (., A,"]:) in this sense Abu-l-Khattiib asserts himself to have heard the former used: ($ :) accord. to AO, it is applied by the Arabs to anything having in it a soul, or spirit, (Sb, S,) whether a hbman being or a beast: (Sb:) or it Ias tiffs signification also: (i :) accord. to Wardin Aboo-Kh61id, as related by ISh, among the angels are those who are termed Oje.tm., and those who are created of light; and of the former are Jibreel and MeekLeel and Isr&feel: and ISh adds that the o S1 j are souls, or spirits, which hame not bodies; [spiritual beings;] and that the term j,..j is not applied to anything save what is of this description, such as the angels and the jinn and the like: and this is the eorrect explanation; not that of lbn-El-Mualhaffar, that it signifies that into which, a soul, or spirit, has been blown. (T, TA.) uL-i2J~ tlj: 'ja.JI:see o_. see L1;, in three places. -It is also

are, or is, going, &c.] is a phrase of the Arabs -JI - { (1, ,)a ;11,^ t g' (so in the T, A, L, and K,) or t ~1t, (so in the mentioned by Lb on the authority of Ks; but he says that it is only used thus, with a determinate and a,) JA1 i ,'. J1, (A, I,) using a noun; i. e., that one does not say 51j.9 [thongh pl. form, (TA,) meaning the same, (?,) or this is agreeable with analogy, as well as ., They rent forth :n the beginning of the evening, Pand X,.1~ .)3]: one says also . (,) or nwhen there were yet some remains of the ;:; and Ct. evening. (A.) And jtl fop as j o (L, TA.) And one says iZl; . J 5s and -. · i [Such ' a one came nAen there Camels returning in the evening, or opernoon, from pasture. (Msb.) [Hence,] . iS i dd % were yet some remainsfor him of day]. (A.) ;.'J [lit. ]Ic has not any camels, &c., tf/at go t: see tlj: and see also l 1;. away to pastuire, nor any that returnfiom pos... *..... ture], meaning the has not anything: (S:) and Ct;: see Ctlj, in two places. sometimes it means the has not any peoplc, or party. (Lh., TA in art. j...u.) jkb 'b &U t.Sg see d, . . 14occurs I· in a trad. as meaning lIe gnove me, of erery kind of cattle that returned to him t: ee psee below. from pasture, a portion, or sort: and in another, }.... Jt., as mcaning t [Property, or cattle,] , see _I. ~; of rhich the pr!ft and recompense return to one: a~bl.: " ', or in each, as some relate it, thie word is with . a. dim. of q. v. (T, Msb.) [i.e. i ; and 1;]. (TA.) V j .e means Birds in a state of dispersion: or returning in -. # A clday of good, or pleasant, wind; the evening, or afternoon, (8, },) to their places, (8,'Mgh, Msb, 1k;) as also V ;.i andl ? ; (S,) or to thei,r tests: (K:) or, accord. to the T, (TA;) or these two signify a good, or pleasant, in this case is for 'a , [a p]. of o;l,] like day: (S:) and A.., ;iL a good, or pleasant, · jh and ;A-., [pIe. of 5iI and AM,] and night; (]g;) or a night of good, or plieaant, means, in this instance, in a state of dispersion. wind; as also a./. and t l.;: (TA:) and (TA.) Also, [used as a subst., or an epithet in a place of good, or pleasant, wind: which tihe quality of a solnbst. is predominant,] A (~: [see also tm.jj :]) or, accord. to Lth, (TA,) wild bull: so in the saying of EI-'Ajj6j, and the Kifiyet el-Mut4asffi4h, (Mfb,) r;, j , u !;l c-xjl signifies a violently-rindy day; like , .;.. I I [before mentioned]. (Mgh, Mgb, TA.)

'

5t

,' ;l,

1.t

5,

?

;,. (i;)

an inf. n. of l.j, [q. v.,] signifying 'the contr. of (.) - And it signifies also The cvcning; or the aftlnoon, from the declining of the run from the meridian until night. (g, V.) One says, tI lakL C [The journeyed in tle oening, or .fternoon]. (TA.) And? Il; 4pi I met him

[Nay, or nay rather, I .fiatied my bags for travelling-n"otvrions &c. that were hnn,r upon [t Vry brisk, lively, sprightly, active, my camel, and the curved pieces of wiood if my hI camers uldtle]. (IB, TA in art. · [,3).' agile, prompt, or quick]. - See also !. is there explained as meaning "my things that I held in high estimation :" but the rendering that a.l AJflock of sheep or goats. (L.) I have given I consider preferable.]) 5, applied to a day; and ,;;., applied to a i5!; [fem. of ;, used u a subst.,] and night (lhe1): see a ; and [In each case it [j. both signify the same; ($, Mgh, Mgb, X;) i. e. probably has both of the meanings assigned under An accidental prol.tly or quality that is perthese two heads.]-Also Going, or returning, ceired by the sense of smelling; [or rather an [or journeying, or wrorking, or doing a thing, (see its verb, 1,)] in the evening, or in the ater- exhalation that is so perceired; meaning odour, noon: (L:) [and going, or journeying, at any scent, or smellU;] (Mgh, Mgb;) syn., :; whether time of the night or day: (see, again, its verb:)] sweet or stinking: ( .:) and the former, a sweet and in like manner, [but in an intensive sense,] odour which one perceives in the ,e_ [or breath of which the pl. is '; and t 'I of of the wind]: (L:) V the latter is fernm. [like the former]: (Msb:) the pi. of the former is .; which the pl. is I.l, it having no broken pl.: (L:) t . is pl., (8, 1,) or [rather] a quasi-pl. and El-Hulwlneo mentions .b asu pl. of .; n., (L,) of i?,t, (1, L, ,) like as is of [wlhich is pl. of t5 , under which see its other

·t and t a_ A certain plant that appears at the roots, or lower parts, of the .L, remainingfromn tli preceding year: or what grows rohen affected by the cold, without rain: (g:) in the T, the former is expl. as signifying a plant that becomes green after its leaes and the upper of its branclhes have dried: (TA: [see also J":]) this term is applied to the *-, the , the f' l4j and the ,l.t. (TA in art. _.j

rarts

i. e. [I put my plaited thongs, and the curred pieces of ,vood, or the corer, of the camerls srdtdle, upon the back of (a camel like)] a ,rild ull rained upon; for wheln he is mrined ulon, he runs vehemently: ($, TA:) but the reading commonly known is,
a

4--g- 1,_1t3 ' a 3, J. )W 'O' %:." ' 61 .k 0,

;,

BOOK

I.]

cj

- .1.si

1183 and its fem., with 3 : see
see
4

P)15.l. (AMgh.) and
.. j

the odour of the thingy]. (s.) And &.UII 6j,) accord, to Lh~, be substituted for j: (TA:) 1 [This herb, or leguminous 'plant, has iLi. A place ina whlich, or through whichrl, the an inf. n., it to be ISd thinks same, and signifies the ,TA,) and int whir/a they I.f/lice blow, ( irindal a s;meet odour]. (La.) - It is said in the IC, that these two in whichl (L: is the verb of wvhich : (TA :) and [lhence,] a dwellinigs traces of the La means t There is not in his -.

1liness, or spihlns,disposingone to prom ptness in acts of liberality, kindntess, or bcn"ficence: in thte same sense [i. c. I perceived ('A, L, K~:') the former ~jis said by A AF to

You say,

Jl 1 t

-

53,j.

1,.: pl. ~l face any blood: but [SMN says thiat] this requires ns. are mentioned in the present art, and in art. dlesert, or w'aferlcss desertg : Co [See also ~S and see 1.]) You say, [for consideration; for, accord. to A'Obeyd one says, an ex. in a verse cited S)[See ~ in art. a~jl,t~~I voe ~ s3,M., (f~,La, IS,) or [Such aone camoe'to us not having in his face &c., dixposing chceeffidnc.'s, Alacrity,, i. e. t (A~,) any tingqe tof bloe,dl by reason qffi.ighf, or feari]: ('LI, K~) A Mylb, K) anid A, aj.v. (S,, andl accor.d. to theo A [and the Mfgh], one says of hima .1o promptness in acts of liberpalit!y, aj rd infinettriflh Irh ic/aone him. (5, A, La,K.) [See also 1, near the begin- fani; a thinag, or an a plerson whao hias come in frighit, or fear, C03 nting, whjere it is mentioned as ani inf. n.] fana himtself ( ` 't ): (~, A, M1yb, lZ :) psl. G...~ LS: (TA:) [accord. to Mlr, ~ iL.35 or'5i [pl. of ""j,and of hiowever,] one sometimes; says, 3.ijd~ witlhout addinig .; and an instanceof this occurs A;) aiid A Cj,.. Petfuused; applied to oil; in a trad. of Aboo-Jahil. (Mfgh.) - Z31;l also to ..it [q. v.], (A'Obcyd, 8,) which latter is perC:3;jiA ep.: see C1j thse eveninig or afternioonj: signifies A rain o#f fumid"witha mutsk. (A'Obecyd.) (11i, K(:) or, as Llb says on one occasion, [sinm~~ A si_gle rest: p]. ~,.(g, p1y] r.ain: (TA:) pl. Cojj (Lb, Kg.)-[Ad J* iC A she-camoel thast lies down bl,ipeld

..

5,and

e , of thle monith of theo other canmcls. (IAQir, Az.) A clouid (;1a4.) that conmes in the eveningq or Msb," TA.) - lence, thc afternioon. (klar p. (367.) - Sec also Rimadain, (K~, TA,) or CiW i)L [A form of ,p13 Tie fifth of thse horses that run in a C5V [Alorie, and maost, conducive to r.est or praycr p;erfrrnted at somae period of flhe niqht in race; (K, TA;) the numlier of which is test. (TA.) Also llarinkq the thec month of Rlamaddni, at!er t/he or.dinaryy ~~.. in art. ease]. (1~ applied to food, Thest orccasions ,,akarA sl, IS) lprra?lcr of night fal, consisting of tweno!y, or worie, quialify etermed * -- [q. v.]) (Lthb, A, Mfgh, AM r.ek'ahs, according to di'fe rentpesuis] A,' Mgh,' in the thighs, (TA,) or in the legsj, (1,3, in the belly. (A, TA.) .flatulence 0 Mab, TA ;) so called becauiso the per(Ml Ii)and feet, (S,) or in the feet: (Lathi, Mfgh, former rests after each am3,3 whiich consists of a n. of pilace: antd :,s suach meaningi. A]1l)b:) frm. jj:(8, M!b:) and, pl. C:y (W) four rek'ahis; (Mfgh, Msb, 9,* TA;) or becauise 1 grare [as beirng. a pdare of resct or ease]. tlie as thiough) Stuch was 'Omar; (IS, TA;) appearing they used to rest between every two [pisof] viar. [And as such] t A prr p. 228.) (I5amn (TA:) were walking: wvhen othiers lie were ridinbg salut.ationts. (TA.) [See De Sacy's Chre.1.4i. Ar., anid sutch is every ostrich.. Qq, TA.) You say also CjaL~ (~.)Also, accord. to rutle, a it. of' M...& see. ed., i. 107.8.] You say, pj ji #jJ, meanibing A foot spr.eadling in its feoile time [i. e. A ffine ji rest or caste]. (1lanm uiii I. sutipa.) - And a 1pass. part. ii. of' 10. (Id. il,idl.) or turnin'sg over ukpon its [I p)erformaed eifh thf/em the prayer of the CMfgh, TxA.:) piart : (Ltla, ~~~~~~i---a (A,' Mght, M9b.) .outer side. (TA.) - Also, and t C,& (15,) or ~ ~ a [As such]) meaning t Dead [for A place; 1: (Mob:) place from C1 a ni. of (TA,) F'ilde; in this case, is correct hittter only the [lit, at re.et or ease]. (Id. p. 2.5l.) also ? tic/a thecy return, -Anid it mnay also be used as ani inif. n. of 10. [q. v.]: (15., TA:) andl so the fromn tv/ich peolple go, or to n'h applied to a J..a. latiter applied to anything : (Lath, TA :) so too in th/c evening or offerinoont (or at any tine (1f.[in p. 2.2$.) C.M~L LJ3L is termned] sceel]. (~, M§yb,K.)- [IHence,] the former applied to a [bowl such ase La4 t.5.M. ~ (S, and 1~in art. jMU,) and c :anid thc same also signifies shatllow; applied see the next preceding pairagraph. 1 .. applied to a to a vessel: (TA:) and so Q( in that art.,) t Stach a one ; a~,.. 5.M, [bowyl such as is termed] zm.0i. (,A, 1K.) rnsembled his father. [woithout exception,] in all his states, conditions, or circumstances. (,s' C*%: see the next pireceding paragraph. See also what next f,llows. (,TA,) iie, or it, (a thing, S,,) TA) and Large, or liberal, in disposition; (S, of place fromt 4; (Mob;) meaning .iime an(d wvent ;(T, C1j a n. ?, A, 1~;) [nent to and 1,TA;) characterized by alacrity, checafadlnees, sheep; or goafA, and which camels, placed to Theo unsettled. (T, TA.) Oneo restless, or was firo;] br.is/ie,as, liveliniess, or slprightliness, disposing him - . .,j Js 5-yg back or brought, are driven, or bulls, and cows to promptness usacts qf liberality, kindness, or to [What aileth mie * 3 lj tha see thee beneficence: (~,0 A, L, 1K:') the former j. is said [from ftheir lplace of pastutre] in the eveninig, or thtIsete comining and going, or going to and by AAF to be substituted for3.. (TA. Mcntioned afeternoon; (Mh)the iaigkltly resting-place or fr.o, duringq this dlay ?]. (A, TA.) Anid in the L in thio present art. and in art. Ci-y) The resort (~, Myb), K) of cattle, (Met),) or of cam?els, (5 ~)and s/heep or goats [e5.c.]. (5.) C:1 Arabs have many epithets like thiis, [as )Sheo (a womnan) (,M,K) and >"jand ;,; -, I ..s withi fet-I~, in this sense, is wr.ong. (Mfgh, Msb.) 1. . s .1 - as of the meaasnd LS3~ and oye-l and ,~il,] trent about to and from tht e tens, or houses, of pol4fwae e ,* an^ applied to apolfwae herfemnale nteiyhbours. (?, M, A, 1K.) Anid and suire t...J,as though thecy were rel. no. (TA.) A n An-j n . no.>j, It is also an ep,ithet applied to a sword, mean- left by a tor.rent, (~)and to a place, &c., (TA,) to a brneinc, AI, K,J) [anbd app. ej>3 &c. as above], Thes ing t ThWat shakes, (TA, and Ham p. 358,) as and tie former, (A,) or the latter, (,A,)Smittcen [or blown up)on] by the min.id: camels ;vent to anid fro in the placet of pasturie. thouigh br.isk, or pr*ompt, to strike: (Y~am:) or the latter origivnally (AHjn, S, M, gs.) And ~aJ4Jt L,d*sAl :al, inf~n. nr.4 nd t (~)and mecaning of Aryaht, a town of Syria, (TA and J~ the phrase of which kIamn, [in the latter blonwn upon byl .idj The cattle irent to andfiro ita ethe place of, aY..-.4, applie~d to a tree C- is citedl in conifirmation from a poem of Sakhr thc ivind: or blown about, or shalken, by t/he wrind, pasture. (A.) And &1;11 jjl , inf. n. * and so that its lear.es hare been inade to fall: or havingq i.j 1 .>3j [and app. i also]; and * zl..l;Tu ;Ti eI.Glhei,]) or a tribe of El-Yemen. (TA.) the dust scattered upon it by the mind. (L.) beastis piastured [goling to anid fs'o]. (M.) And k^il t Largeness, or liberality, of disppsition; (8,15., TA;) alacrity, cheerfulness, briskness, lireC,i.l zitj (T, M,) nor. iijJ (TA,) inf. n. :see 149
0 '~ ,

(a,)

1184 1l;j; (T, TA) and ;.; and 4j), (TA,) Th,e wi,,d became in motion, or in a state of commotion: (T, TA:) or wered about. (M, TA.)_[Hence,] ;;CL 5lj [lit. His pillov mored to and fro; meaning] t he mas, or became, retiesC, (g, A,) by reason of disease or anzity': (A:) [or he wa, or became, sleepless: for] a poet uses the phrase ~;j u.js; expresive of an imprecation, meaning t Mlay .e be sleepless, so that her pillow may ,,t *emain still. (TA.) [And.isl i .. :) and .ADS; ;.lJJ: see ;:)^.] 1 n aor.

I

S.,)

[BooK I. a thing by a saying or an action.] WQ I.Ji ,lZ: O: ,1w > 1;.a:, in the I,ur xviii. 7i means i [And theyfound therein a wall] that was near, or about, tofalldown, (Bd, Jel,) or that rwa ready to fall tlown; though ;jl';! is only from an animate being, and not properly predicable of a wall: and there are many similar instances; as the saying of a poet, : t., i: * ...
0-3 U * J -- 3 0 1 3 0.

(Mlb,) inf n. n;)

(Myb, 1) and ;;

(:;) and

* ,USi, (Mqb,) inf. n. ;t,;;; (1 ;) and t,J,Ll; (TA ;) lie sought, sougght after, or desired; or he sought, or desired, to find and take, or to get; (Mqb, g;) a thing. (Myb.) [It seems to imply the going to and fro in seeking.] You say, ,tj Ji:, (?, A, Mgh, L,) and ;itj, (Mgh,) aor. '9, (A, A, Mgh, L,) inf n. ;.J and ;;j; ($, L;) and ;,UsI; ($, A, Mgh, L;) [nnd tV , as as,1 appears from what follows;] and simply ,I1; (L;) lIe sought after herbage, (F, Mglh, L,) and water. (Mgh.) And 'i ; blj, and (M, L,) and

and ;j;

.,J , and gj in. n. (T, M, L) (M;) and tbUjI; (T, M, L;) and

t,jp,l; (M, L;) He lookedfor, (T,) and sought qler, Ae9bage, and a place in which to alight, (T, M, L,) and chose thu bet [that he couldJind], (T,) for his family. (T, M, L) And J j;. The birds nekh after their sutenance, go.ing to and fro in search of it. (A.) [Hence,] ld * .bU)j He sought a st!ft place, (?, Mgh, L,) or a ldoping place, ($, L,) for his urine, when he desired to void it, (~, Mgh, L,) lest it should return towards him, or sprinkle back upon him: t , aor. (LJ:) from a traml. (., L) j..01I s as above, He questioned, or interrogated,[respecting a person boloved,] the howue, or abode. (M.) ,o13J ;J I pastured the beasts; as also

[Tlhe spear is ready to pierce the breast of AbooIlaru , but it turns aPay from the bloods of the sons :f 'Oheyl]. (M.) [In like manner also] one says, ;.1 Ij: t [lie was about, or ready, to 1 ,recl,: a phrase of frequent occurrence; like 4. ,j: , ($, A, [,) inf n. l;jtl and ;,yr and L,b and *j [quasi-inf. n.] t j ,t4.]. (TA in arL ~, &c.) (.S, ]) and .' Zt (TA as ·t from the 1~ [but omitted in my MS. copy of the _ You sy also, L,Lt ui #sJ1t, (M,) or IC ]( and in the Ci]) and t.l'4 and t*,. * or .A.t, (A, Mgll,) le endeavoured to induce him, t '. , (accord. to different copies of the g,) (M,) or he inrited him, or made him, (A, Mgh,) He acted, or proceeded, gently, softly, or in a leisurely manner, (, A, !, TA,) in going, or to do the thing. (I, A, Mgh.) And L.~ #I': J ,,t lie incited him, or made him, to write. pace. (;, A, TA.) .- ;j, (S,) inf. n. ;;lA, (M,) (Mgh.) And .i il S.I'1 ,Il: Ie constrained,or iHe acted gently, softly, or in a leisurely manner, necessitated, himn to speak. (AM, TA.) towards, or with, him; or granted him a delay, or respite; let him alone, or left him,for a while; 5. ;,J lIe tremblied, or quaked, by reason of syn. ;l. (S, M.*) _ Ilj:J ts : see 1, last extretne soflnes, or tendlerneu,andfatne. (KL.) sentence. - ojl;, (M, L, Msb,) in£f. n.! , (, 8: see 1, in four places.

him to us: or] wne will strive, or labour, to obtain him of his father. (Bd, Jel.) And ' '!j1; :£. [in the l(ur xii. 2.3] t She desired, or sought, of him, copulation, or his ly/ing with her, using blandishment, or artijfce, for that purpose; she tempted him to lie with her: (T, and Bd in xii. 23:) [more literally, she e,lcavoutred to turn him, or entice him, by blandishment, or deceitful arts,f.om his disdain, or disdlainful inrompliance, and to make him yield himself to her:] and p U>,j+the desired, or sought, of her, copudltion, &c. (T.) And - i *. 1 ;j; 1 i', ~ndeavoured to deceive him, or beguile him, and to turn him [from his disdain, or purpose, or vill,] by blandishmmtet, or artifice. (A.)

Ip;

*JL' L.s5't4>i:sJ.a. JJ

M, L, M.fb, V,) originally with , [i. e. ,jjl,]

because you say ,;lj: (S, L) in a similar sense, (L,) He illed, wished, or desired,it: (l,* M, L, :*) he loed, or liked, it; and cared for, or minded, it; or sas rendered thoughtful, careful, or an.Wous, byj it: (M, L:) or he deired it; sought it, or sought after it; (l ;) and chose it: (Msb:) [or] it d(liffers from .ij, inasmuch as W;1 is sometimes merely conceived in the mind, not apparent; whereas iL is never othierwise than apparent, either by act or by word: (Aboo-'Obeyd EI-Bekree, TA:) Tb says that it *O,j. (M.) sometimes denotes loving, or liking, and some3. .j,) lle endeavoured to turn him [to, or times it does not [as will be shown by what follows]: and Lh mentions the saying .;.s' from, a thing]; as in the phraseei.'l J ; lie endeavoured to turn him, or convwrt him, to ;i., aor. O. l, inf. n. . a1,, with e substiEIl-Isldm; occurring in a trad., in which the for 4.j1, &c.]. (M.) agent of the verb is Mobammad, and the object is tuted for . [as in .. his uncle Aboo-Tahlib ; syn. ~.I and .,;: (L:) You say, IJSb &. Zo, [I desired, of him, such 4 ' [I or & 3.j , (s,) or jJl ,s, (Mgb,) a thing]. (A.) And ~.b C desired not aught save what t/owu didst, or hast inf. n. Ljjl,. and ,1:, ($, Msb, ],) [primarily] jl11 He desired to do signi lies I desired, (., MMb, ]~,e) or sought, (Meb,) done]. (A.) [And I to him, or he intended him, such a thing; of him that he should do such a thing, or the whether good or evil: see I~ur xxxiii. 17, &c.] thing; (?,n MQb;) ;.;lI. implying contention And Kutheiyir says, (a._....j:), because he whio desires, or seeks, * nifiets gentle, or bland, behaviour, like him who I 4 deceives, or beguiles, and, like him, strives, or -' . * labours, to attain his object: (Ms :) and [hence,] jJ.l Q *sg1, and ,dc, Ie endeavoured to turn [I desire to forget the remembrance of her, or hiim by blandishment, or by deceitful arts, or to the mention of her; but it semw as though Leyld ewre imaged to me in every road]; meaning entie him to turn, from the thing, and to it; eyn. j1;1;, (M, L,) or ;Ilj. (TT, as from the M.) L.Sl jt .Jl. (M.) [And ISd says,] I think 1i a;m ,~ly.,, in the ]gur xii. 61, means [lve that Sb has mentioned the phrase il 1 t.jlS, wrill endearour to turn his father from him, by Le. H'e intended, or meant, me by that. (M.) blandishment, or artifice, and to make Aim yield [All often signifies lie intended, or meant, such

l , ': , ocurs in a trad. as meaning lie retuIrned, and became gentle and submiussive to the comnmandl qf God. (TA.)
10: see 1, in five places. sc1;: as ;5t;, with whiol it is syn. (., M1,g.) nndl] is a pl. ol . (L.)_ i,lj ;!.I1 A nwoman who goes about to and from the tents, or houses, (,f her fetnale neighbours; (AZ, As , , M, A, 1;) as also ;I; (TA) and t;1j; ($, M) and t* ; (Aboo-'Alee, M) and t*]:j, like a;, anid t b (Ig.) You say
;IJ [is its fern.:

i;j

S1 il;s^,. A xoft, or tender, nona(n; not

C

one that roves ,loiiut: in which the formner ;blj may be witihout ., and thel latter must be so. (A and TA in art. >1.) [Se ;>J; where it is stated that J;I and o-tj and t;j, as epitlhets applied to a girl or woman, arc syn., one withi another, meaning Soft, or tender, c e., like ;I; and e,jj and ;3j.] -_,; ~ A nind blowing violently to and fro: (TA:) [andm t;.: , signifies the same; or wind in motion, or in a state qf coammotion; or veering about: sec 1.) [And] A wind blowiting gently; (A;) and so t and t L;2j (1K) and tlj. (TA. [See also art.
o.D])

;;;: see what next precedes.

;j; Gentlenes; or a leisurely man,aner of arliny or proceeding. (S, Mf, A, K.*) [And accord. to the TT, as from the M, so . but this is a misbj; transcription, for j: sec this last, in art. Aj.] You say, ij ,s 5 lie walks, or goes, gently, softly, or in a leisurely manner. (S, A,

Boox I.] 1185 going, going, 00,J or journeying]; (Sb, 8, 1 ;) and I J jO: see 4, first sentence: and see also .;, 9 l.~j, in which is suppressed: (T:) fourthly, throughout. as a denotative of state; as in t'V.1j --- & il loi [7'Iie 1: ace .1-. [Thle !eople, or party, ment, or journeyed, going, bli;,; see ;,; orjourneying, gently, or leisurely]; it being herc orjourne,ying,,gently, [.~ and , or adj.: see 4, first senin connection with a determinate noun, and therete,nce. fore a denotatire of its state. (S, .K.) Whan it is used as a threat, it is with nagb, without tenween; ,,1 [act. part. n. of 1, Goming and going; (Ltli, (Lth, T, M ;*) as in the saying of a poet, q to andfro; &c.]. [Hence,] a.,3; ig' moving 6, see see ;1;. And .i4'; 1s.; ls; (pl. of t.st1; Beasts lBeasts pasturing at pleasure: (T:) or going to and andfi.o frio [in the place of pasture]: or pasturing [Act thou, or proceed thou, gently, lext our coursers together rwhile the rest are debarred from the neigh, one to another, in El-'Irdk: it is as pasture, or tied. (M.) And 11:h see ac ;;, thoiigh thou wvert with Ed-Daldulk, his though summonei. to battle having already risen]. last moner (Lth, T.) last two sentteces. And L.ji st; [lit. mhose Sb Sb mentions his having heard thdie saying, blt pillow meos to and fro; meaning] t a man rest6,9 &V less by reason of disease or anziety; (A;) or )aa1Jh La t43 > ;l ;1i ['BY tuneasy on his pillore by reawon of aniety that God, God, hadst thou desired the money, I had given tineay g"" disquiet#him: (TA:) [or sleeplsu: see 1.] And thee: let alone the poetry: Ls beinglihere redundant]: * 1. . . ; : * - *S ;d l .. 1 The 1ta of the eye, i. e. the mote, or , (T. (T, M:) like the phrase, JI a~ (M:) and t 9i LYW L91`.W C.PM OZ* A~ the lile, that has fallen into it, or the foiul, thick, i s m i l a r to·t h i s i s t h R n v ;, 6.; 1 smilar to this is the -.,.,. --'. *, .&" * sim r t--- .- ..-... : , ~"s · v . U white matter that collects in its inner corner, [As tihough he ,'ere like himnwho walks, or goes, [explained in art. v]. (T.) and] that moves to and fro ( gently, &c.]: hut tlis is a mistake; for ;. is not ) therein. ($.) The handle of the hand-mill, (Q, M, A, C,) put in the place of a verb, as Re . (M [originally (M.) ja] Will, -vish, or desire; (.; which ° ,' o' AeIeord. the grinder grasps (S, M, A) when Itse to ) bn-Keyan, t-'s.. j eems to have Accord, to Ii-es(n so t*o.j [originally ;j]: (M, L:) or thb 13 em to have turns round the mill-stone (P, A) therewith. (A.) former signifies a thing that one 'wishes, two contr. signifieations; for they said, I. j. j, ·- and desires1 strives to obtain: (T in art. ., :)orand See also the . - One who is sent ($, M, A, meaning Leave thou Zeyd, or let him alone; and latter, c, or lkig, for thing; and aoliiad Mghli, c latter, L, 15) loce, before or liki,9g, a lpople or party (Mgh) to for a thjing; also meaning anid solieitugd act also meaning act thlr,t d towards, tho gentlt gentry toi ardls, h or or n,piith witT, respecting it: (M, L:) or the latter signifies 'e seekfor herbage (g, M, A, Mgh, L, Ol) androwater n e,d, and retain him, or n'itMwld h (TA.) im. kind, or manner, of nwishing or desiring; as in the (MghI) and the plawes rwhere rain has fallen; One saye also, 1,, W-34j, meaning Act thout . (L;) or one who looks for, and seeks, herbage, · a3 [I wrished it, or desired it, gently, &e., towards, or nith, 'Amr; svn. · . l Saying, wi [, · ever'. ktind, or manner, of wishing or desir. and a place in which to alight, antl chooses the (T,' ., M,' 1:) the .g in this case being a deno- rvit4 ing]. (M.) best thereof; (T;) and t ;1; signifies the same; tative of allociation, (T, S, M,) and having no (g, M, I1 ;) the latter occurring in the poetry of e plafe in the desinential syntax: (S, M :') it is Hudheyl; (M;) [originally ;.J,] of th masure ;:J: see :j. added only when #j is uqed in the sense of an JW in the sense of the measure JIA, (., I,) in is tj: umed s,~is. se imperative; (T, S, . ;) and.3j to prevent confusion j: see like . in the sense of ;ji, (q,) or'of the mcaof himn whlo is incant to be addressed with him ;; sec >, in two places. sure Jla deprived of its mnedial radical letter, or wlio~ ~~ hecannise ~ plaeiise1.. ~ .. j~ applies ~ ~ ~~~~1~ ie e not innatwo who is not meant, to one of the measure JW, [originally .jJ,] but if so, it and to more thlan one and to thie male and to the , originally an inf. n. a-d Jl female; thouigh sometimes one says _lJ..j to a il bull; on t~~~~~~~ll .'~ The is a kind of rel. n.; not an act. part. n.: (Ms:) the [a specie of bovine antelope;] (M;) l. of the former is .tj (M, A, L) and ;1;. (L.) person whien one does niot fear his being con- called 3t.lJI 4, because he goes to and fro, not One says, a. foundled withi another, using the :1 as a corro- remaining . tJ 'l ,.i jJ,, (T, Mgh,) or in one place; (M in art.. ;) or borative. (T.) In this case, t?t. is an abbrc- because lie pasturcs going to IJ ., .,,.i. , (.,) [The seeker ofherba,ge, and fro; (Tand$* t . t i o n f- .,and M in that art. ;) or because his females cc., will not lie to his family,] for if hie lie to viated dim,te. vitddm J,t i. n. of 1.j (;.) In pastue with him, going and fro. (T in that dlhem he perishes with tbem: (IHlam p. like manner also one says, or journe or leisurely, at a gentle, rate of ominant qualities are heatto 547:) a (.K, TA,) a and dryne. (TA.) male, or or l~im at ely,to /?eat/e o journsed, rat m ,RTA easons of toa u lt domnan , a e art.) ta n Also, rvwho n , comes the T. and rprovy. applied to him who will not lie when iho latter, A man (TA,) ' .' ;; [Act thou gently, &c., to'ards, goes. (Kr., M unl TA in art. .pi.) And t A nian relates a thing. (M.) And hence the j tho [Ac genty,-&., tp saying, or nith, ne]; and to a female, ;T.j.j; and u/ho is in the /tabit of visiting womnen. (AA, .,lh .,31 LyeJI I T Fever is the meencgr that .tr"t 3h (l, TA) to two persons; (TA;) and .K in that art.) Precedes death; like the messenger that goes and t 3*5,3j; (., TA) to males more thaln ' before a people, or party, to seek for herbage andl ;a·. -a-, e two; (TA;) and v .S . ,, , (K, TA) to ferater. (Mghi, TA.) Hence, likewise, ,51 is also ... ,. males more than two. (TA.) t'ojj is used in . . ;ll, (.K,) or pIplied tot One rwho goes before with some abomni.g.~ jJl, (L,) four different manners: first, as a verbal n.; as [mentioned in this art. thoughl the ; should be able deed or design. (TA.) And to tA seekAer 0in 5 'J., 6,4 (. , K,') i- ec ~~j,:QIt, ;j1 (E, mcan- regarded as radical,.for] it is not genuine Arabic, f science or knonwledge. (L, from a trad.) (L,) [Clhina-rhubri.b;] a nell-knownm edicine; Hence also,] ~.hi.,;' Ul and tI;0 ling I [expl. above]: (., ] (:) secondly, as an (K;) a certain cool medicine, gqood t[I for the liver inf. n.; as in ,w ,..jj, [virtually meaning the (L:) the physicians m the seeker of an object of want]: and add an I to it, (1],) saying M,.U same]; the former word being prefixed to the C,;l: (TA:) there are four kinds thereof; the 51;.JI ;1 t [.Mhen who are the sekers of the latter, governing it in tie gen. case; (~, M, 1 ;') best of which is the d..; and inferior to this is !bjects ofwant]. (A.) -Also One reho has no like ,UI$I , , in the ]Cur [xlvii. 4], (;, M,") in the whlici is [commonly] known by the lace in wehich to alight or abide. (T in art. j, which the inf n. is put for its verb; (Jel;) and appellation of .. j,, .,Z,, used by the veteri- nd TA.) ~ [See also art. .] like .J-1,~J [expl. in art. jjc]: (M:) thirdly, narians: it is a black [app. a mistake for red, oro ;,;lj a subst. that is put in the place of ;1,j1 as an epithet; as in fjj 1.' , 1;1 [They wcent, yellow,] woold, of compound powers, but its prc- nf. n. of 8], and of 0. l; [inf. n. of 4]. (T in ][.) And its dim. is t . . (S, A, . [But see what follows.]) They said t l,j., meaning Gently, softly, or iN a leisurely manner; (T, , M,A, I;) withl tenween: (T:) and V`* ,. L1 TValk thou, or go thou, gently, &c.: (T, A :)'so accord. to the lexicologists [in general]: but accord. to 8b, it is a verbal n.: [for] they said, , , -#-._j, meaning Act thou gently, softly, or in a leisurely manner, tonwards, or with, Zeyd; or grant him a delay, or re.pite; let him alone, or leave him, fur a wvhile; syn. 4. 1: hence it has no dual nor pl. nor fern. form: and hence they say that it is for I;1;!, in the sense of ;0;1; as thoughl it were an abbreviated dim., formed by the rejection of the augmentative letters: this is the opinion of Sb; for lhe holdIs it to be a substitute for ,jl;though it has a nearer resemblance to lj;! becauise it is a noin: others hold it to be the dim. of .jJ, and cite the saying [of a poet],
I0.,~~.

!~

*

b

0W

t

j*

4s

4

s.1

'and

$jt

i i.* N3,

. ' e.

mean- (c

~rt. O.~) -149)

14!) *

1180
a'.5
,1

sti
4t~~ ;1 a Ja

u.,
---. J

[Door 1.

n aarticle of merchandise not present with him: rhe a1-. fi 3 !.J :; _ ; and rhesayings jj,l Gentle, or quiet, and unnoticed in opera- 1 Slb, ( I1C:)this is said in a trad. to be an action ,LW are expl. smeaning t The liAe of such a saying, eb 3 ,j.l jlJl [Time, tion: so in the lld(t~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ hat ; is1 disapproved: (I :) but some of the pronan, nan, and the like of such a woman, is sought ti hat is gentle, or quiet, and unnoticed in tfter, cosors or fortune, of practical law allow it when tlhe article essors f 'S and coveted, by reason of the high estimaafter, a if operation; characterized by changing accidents]. ion withthe description. (L.) agrees if merchandise a ion in which he, and she, is leld: and it is said c lonver desirows], most, and [Afore, (,TA.)~.tooI and 14±.; the .bat the meaning is, t. Aat (Ya;toob, ; 4. A) and ,, s.llj (Yaakoob, S, - t being . O occurring in the prov., AM U) being redundant. (M, TA. [The latter clause J [pl. It (a place) became abundant in its ~,b Eseems to indicate a different meaning from that 5f h ,j1 [If thou desire me, I am more desirous of ieems ,t;) also as A;) S, koob, (Ya v.]; q. , L i,f 9 a-1b3J before t expressed: but for this I see no reason.J) jl; efore thee], is said by Akh to be altered from wat.t. and . I, ',jjl l (A.) And ,./ .,~.-I. (A.) &1 and thusto be like j.J, in the phrase Je or herbage Tite rite land becatme clad with plant.s, Tlhe ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~I), (MF.) ,.,. originally ,O -. :'M.) ItS (a ivallcy) had j,l bence,] -[And (M.) f. 2.) i.ater.itagpiating, uater stagnating, or remaining, or collectinig, in 2. 2. ,j;: see see what next precedes. s1: t it; (., A, Myb, g ;)concealing its bottom; (A ;) it :) anid so is also t ll: (S, M, A, Msb, 8. ;1 A place where camels goto and fro in a.w 'former vcrh, (S,) or t both, (A,) said of a se 8. ,sUj the 1ethe (K.) And ;1... (I8, ;) as also pasturing; byateriii,,.-trouf,li: watering-trouf,ghl: (S, A:) or, when said of a W.13i .1i; and LS U-, I;:for both, see j,,Ij: and for [blows to trind the where place 1 ;,- The it hyntei.in,t,r.trough, 1 1 waterin,g-trough, the former verb signifies Lhe latter, seealso , 2 * wnith rtad had coaered part, lower or TA.) (., bottomn, its hnad comes. and goes andfro, or] P47agep.: 47agep.: spread the water water: (.M :) and tthe latt-r, 1 1.0' [What is 'illed, or wished;] desired; ii.itleol so and ;) (M Ps.itleol thereof; suafree the upon nr.idell ~~~ ~J JI sought, or sought after; and chosent: (Msb:) [lie a it had latter, t the or :) (TA too: fiormer tihe (S,nf,A,Aft;b,lg,) I,) nor. Ub3y . S, ciifflciepit (S1 , Msn, A,MoTb,K loved, or liked. (L.) [Intended, or meant, by a hin"f. n. to it into poured f wateacr quantity cixwcient (S, I-and , (, Ml A, M- b, K) saying or an action.] n. f. runceal the ronceal its bottom; (0, 9;) or to coverits bottom, M,I,) or the latter is used poetically for thefor- Dr Af, lon'er part. (L, TA.) - And fiom obl, said or 60:see 4, first sentence. mer, mer, and hJe (M,) Ie brohke, or trained, (M, of ofa watering-trough, hlias originated the saying, a colte, (, ,) or beast, (o!, A, M sb,)(g,) ]t, M sb,) tt They tldrank until tity ' Ij. _*.bljt (S,) I1i,1 well- knon intrument, (M sb,)]g, A certain (?,) apid and made it easy to ride upon: (M:) or he thoroughly satisfied their thirst. (S, I.*) And tapering probe, small or bodkin, [resembling a * taught it to go: (A:) and h-103i inf. n. s ,paljt a secondt draught o,ljI also signifies t lle drank towardsthe end, but blunt, generallyof wood or laugltt :68 Hence, TA.). (S, vigorously. or o well, did he hedid3owell,orvi.gorotal!l. [black the which with silver,] or irory ot bone seC 2. i ,.b: a.fter aftr a first. (I.) =- u1 --Wi; t [He mtade his ompanion easy and d.L. is applied to the eyes; d.t-tpondr called] J [Hence,] .,a 11 s,bljl tlie poured iitothe -[Hence,],l -_ ;i Atj matedng-troiigh (TA;) syn. J , (, M, A, ]i,) and Jl.i: so tractable]. (TA.)- [Hence also,] quantity of water to .#ficient watering-trough a himself: .bdutted, or disciplined, trained, [le t conceal its bottom. (TA.) - And hlience, (TA,) conceal called [because it is passed to and fro along the he became clement, or forbearing. (M sb.) 9, orm] om.] It satijsfied their thirst: .t.bjt, said of a vessel, It edges of the eyelids,] from ;1 signifying "he, or bAnd L53jua discipline, or ,.t..btjt, t [rain, s ft eLx pr And (,* ]g:) thirst in somedegree. tlwir satisfied or it (Mob.) ]g ], :) ( j&. pl. it, came andlwent:" (Mgh:) _ TA.) (A, piety]. by well thyself subdue, srtbdue, (AI, ~, _The pivot of the sheare of a pulley, if If iron. 1.t ' . (M, TA.) IIence the saying, 1 el; t [The poet And lhe kcl±3I , 'iJ called for a vessel which oe;dli .satisfy (y;, 1.*)- A woo·den pin, peg, or stake; syn. [1Ience also,] &, rendered rhymes, or verses, easy to him by p7rac- (1, (.K, TA) in some degree (TA) the [number of ,.i3. (M?, ~.)- An iron [swivel] that turns i.endered made lie t u;j ? " 1i W And nien TA.) (A, bridle]: tice]. and bit men termed a] Jo;; (C, TA;) occurring in a or lice]. bit, [i.e. .tq.J the ins ,round "---1' in (TA v. q. , trad., (TA,) accord. to one relation, but the moro syn. him; to to easy is attached an affair (', ] :) or an iron [swivel] thich an ? #A #A · A ^ iif. n. commoli /., (1, TA,) with tlhe singlecommon is the .; qf the colt [or horse] and of the hawk, art. art. ,,H.)-[ence also,] ;JI 'tij' [i. e., to the halter, or leading-cord, of the colt or pointed ¥. (TA.)__~ljl also signifies t Ie X.A , poisited r t I bored boied the pearls: and a.oirjl poured milk upon milk; (s;) accord. to A'Obeyd; hor.e, and the leash of the hawk,] and which, &I J~Z, tIt is dflicttlt to bore, and ea.J poured and l~l rhen he turns round, turns round with him: (A:) and but hle deems it strangre. (TA.) to bore. (A, TA.) ';, are the to 0' or the jl;'., also called the V 6. 6. .. ', ;1.11 in selling and bumying is syn. with (K,) inf. n. two rings in [either of] which is the extremity of a 2: see 1, in tiree places. 2: ,, i.e. The increasing [of the sunm 1; i.e. k .q the jl.j [or side-piece of the headstall of the me (TA,) lIe kep,t to gth a 5 [pl. of ( , kpt" qffi.ed] -09 diminishing [of the sum demanded] andl qOffered] horse]. (IDrd, in his "Book on the Saddle and ivltich chick takle Ilace betmveen the two parties baryain;IJI wog SK)or ;1 q. Y.]- OP) l ;Jl q. JI u L,r ; j,I . ojj lridle.") You say, M, torrent, a or S, man, (a it, or lIe, A,) (M, ing; them ,rere making his ,f ing; as though each [Tlhe colt, and the hawk, wvent round, attached to (M, or the rain, A,) made the clear or bare land, (S, companton from LIg I ns trlactable; and easy companion (M.) ]. (A.) -A joint; syn. J.... the K.) itif. Is,) IS,i) or the land, (M, A,) a Lo ;. (, 1M, senses expl. the of first the in ,.ol of n. inf. _ t A limit, or an extent, to which one runs: Arid d above. (TA.) In the phlrse iali1 Lbl63,, God mnade the land dell ' ,, And .,bjl so in a trad. of 'Alee, in which it is said, 5, .. mcanin.... · # .. .e -a . meaning t Tlhey coaxed, wheedled, beguiled, or (M.) l [Verily there is a (M.) at 1)t&. 4'1 3. deluded, to the article of ,: or (deluded,each other, nith iespect 1so,] L .31j, (S, A,[He,n) 3. tbl1e, limit, or an extent, for the sons of Umeiych, to inerchandise, merchandise, [in the manner exrplained above, or ,h.ich they ruin]: from .lj; as signifying J0 l. 1. ; L , (A,) inf. n. a;lyo, (Mgh,) I.~~ (Mgbl) 1He other7vi.,ce,] otherrwise,] the omission of the prep. ['.s] re(TA.) himn; (S, qttires delutded, or dbeguiled, wheedled, coaxed, coaxed, quires consideration. (Mgh.) You say also, A, Mlgh, n;) and he endeavoured to dleceive or admission for candidate A as meaning [ t Tley practised dixsimulation, La3 l 9 La3W beguile him; like as he does who is training a J 1 beguile or affection, each to the other, in, into a religious order, during his state of proba- beast feigned shorwed or beast not yet rendered perfectly tractable; (Mgh;) tion, is a conventional post-classical term. So too in order to make him enter into such a thing or or respecting, the thing, or affair; as also Iibj: l is syn. with --o fjSt a1 j :) (TKI in art. j as meaning A devotee, whtse sole endeavour is to affair; affair; (s;) or until he entered into such a thing. (TK i1)1 God.] of ill n the --- JII comply with (A.) It Tlat JJill;J1. (A.) - Hence,A (Mgh) i JJALZI. JLZI. (M and K in art. ,W.) niode ;I. ee *: ju J;" S 8. mnode of selling nhich is termed a.,' NJI ' -~~~~~~~ 8. ,aUjl, said of a colt, (1~,) and ,UI, (, man a to describes (S, A,) said of a she-camel, (S,) or of a beast (Mgh, K;*) which is when one ; : see ;I,. - [Also pass. part n. of 10.] (Mgh,
W0jg ,

Book .1-

U,

-

e

1187

(41;), (A,) It became broken, or trained. (C,A,* n,hich consequently produce various kinds of part of a plain, or of soft ground, ewhich retains
herbage, that do not quickly dry up and twither: water: pi. '!3,; and L,il.. (Az,,.) U J til C..;ujl k, TA.)-_ [And hence,] t [The rhymes, or verses, became rendered easy that sometimes a L~;j contains thickets of wild j,.: and sometimes it is a mile in length and u.lr, (8, (1,) and its fem., with i, (S, Myb,) by practice to the poet]. (A, TA.) breadth: but such as are very wide are termed A colt, (S, 1,) and she-camel, (S,) or beast 10. .i..l: see 4, in five places. - Also t It Cla,. (TA.) It is said in a prov., ', o _~; (413;), (Msb,) broken, or trained. (.,* Myb, k[.) (water) stagnated; or remained, or collected, in a See also u:j is [MlIore beantiful than an egg in a place. (TA.) - And tIt (a place, S, M, J~) a.3 ras, or became, wide, ample, or spacious. (8, meadow, or garden]. (A, TA.) And olne says, .LjI Land wlhich has produced good M, Myb, K.)- And [hence (see its part. n. be- abs; i j..Ws. 1U1 t [l, in thy presence, am as herbage or plants, and of nhich the herbs, or low)] .k .U!1 .- j. The mind was, or became, though I were in a meadoe,,, or garden]: and leguminous plants, haae become erect, or strong dilated,free from straitness, cheerful, or happy. .;J1 ~tj. Lj " A * t [Th,y sitting- and erect: and ,' c;j plants wlhich have (IS, TA.) place is like a meadow, or garden, of the meadowxs, attained their utmost size and height. (M.)4.. hoa~: see the paragraph next following, near or gardens, of Paradise]. (A, TA.) Mohammad -j...~J- 1t id j Ql 1 : Do thou that the middle, in three places; and again, in the last is reclated to have said, "Between my grave, or wvhile the mind i.free from straitness, cheerful, between my house, and my pulpit is a ;i of or happy, (S, M,* Mob, TA, [in tile second of sentence of the same. the u,/,b of Paradise :" meaning, accord. to Th, which, however, ,AIl is strangely made masc.,]) L,b. (., M, A, Mqb, 1) and *aiJ (AA, A, that he who abides in this place is as though he is from ,l,l said of a place, as explained above. O) and * L.j (TA) [seem to be best rendered, abode in a .bj of the el. of Paradise. (M.) (8.)_*_ is also applied, by a poet, (C, in general, A meadow; meaning, a verdant tract [See another tropical meaning of i. r.l I j voce M,) EI-Aghlab El-'Ijlee, (.,) or IIomeyd Elof land, somewhat watery; or (as in Johnson's last setence.] -t-;. also signifies t Any Ar.at, (AH.n, M, IlB,) to poetry, and to the dictionary) ground somewthat nwatery, not ploughed, collects in pools left by torrents, or metre termedj.j; (S, M ;) as meaning t Easy; water tiat but covered with grass and lonrs: and somethe like, and in places in land or in the ground to practicable. (M, TA.) times, a garden: accord. to the following explanations:] verdant land: a place where water which the rain-uaterflons and which retain it. ' collects, and the herbage becomes abundant, twith- (C,* TA. [In the CK, ;.l!;jl and ,LgbL.J! out trees: or fresh green herbage, with water, or are erroneously put for nnd al atl_JI.]) having nater by its side; not otherwise: or, ac1. I;, (1Akr, Az, 8, Meb, g,') nor. ~, - Also, (K,) or j;, (S,M,) t Abott the cord. to Aboo-Ziyid El-Kilibee, a tract of plain (Mgh,) inf. n. tj (Msb, TA) and .j and .j land, producing [lote-trees of the hind called] half of a ;i [or wvater'-skin] (S, M, g) of water: .nd .3, (lApr, TA,) [Ie, or it, affected his j.,; which may be of the extent of Baghddcd: (S :) and the former, Sas much of water as corers a the bottom of a watering-trough. (S, M, A.) j, i.e. heart, or mind, with fright, or fear;] and also, of herbs, or leguminous plants, and fear of it (namely an niafir or event) reached his fresh green herbage: (M:) or this last [only]: '4^: see L;. [It is implied in the g5 that .j; (Az, TA;) he, or it, (a man, ., or an (S:) or a tract of plain land, in n'hich are J;l. the former is svn. with the latter in all its senses: affair or event, IAnr, TA, or a thling, M.sb,)fright[perhaps here meaning ants' nests, as these are but accord. to the TA, this is not the case.] eed himn; p,,t him. in fear; made him afraid; generally found in soft soil,] and soft hillocks, in the lowv, or best and most productive, parts of a ;.,P (., Myb, K,*) ,1;' A breaker, or trainer, (M, Meb, K,) of (., Mgh, M.sb, 1;) as also country, where water stagnates, or remains, or colts, (1,) or of beasts (CIj;):(M, Mb :) pl. inf. n. J: (TA:) or its lbeanty andl abundance collects, at least a hundred cubits in extent: (M:) L" and (S Ml ,, ) and ,,b. or multitude frightened him: (Ltli, TA :) and (M.) or a tract of sand, and of fresh green herbage, ttihe latter also, it frightened hih b,y its abinwrhere water stagnates, or remains, or collects; ,.*;,originally ,..b;, (S,) [in its primary dance or multitudle, or its beauty. (TA.) llence so called because of the stagnation, or remaining, sense seems to be syn. wiltl $ , j ._ And t;1 5, ! or collecting, of the water therein: (A, 15, TA:) hence it signifies] t Clement, or forbearing. tihe saying, in a trad., 'jil.iU, as though meaning [1When the mnan it is said that %L,. is mostly applied to a place (Msb.)_[Also, and more commonly,] applied becomes griz:lel in the hair of the tn,o sides oqf where beasts pasture at pleasure: some say that to a she-camel, (S, I5,) and to a he-camel, (S,) p In the first stage of training,as yet refiactorjy: his face, that is] the wrtrning of drath. (TA.) it signifies a land having maters and trees, and sweet, or pleasant, jfloers: (TA:) or a place (8, :) and in like manner applied to a boy: You say also, [using the imas. form,] *or. &1, that is pleasant with flowers; said to be so called (S:) or a colt, (A,) or beast, (L,) that has not t!~, (TA,) inf. n. tj, (S, 1.(,) lIe cas, or because the waters that flow thither rest there: received training, nor become skilled in going, or became, frightened, or afraid; or he feared; (Mqb:) it is said in the 'Inayeh, that t e 4 [per- pace, (A, L,) nor beconre submissive to its rider: (8/1,1, TA ;) as also tUJl, annd . (t, haps a mistake for "L ] signifies a garden; and (L:) and a she-camel not trained: (A:) or, aor. , inf£.n ,. in common conventional language, one having applied to a horse or the like, and to a carmel, to K, TA.) And .l,, rivers, or rivmlets: MF says that rivers, or rivu- a male and to a female, refractory; contr. of He was, or became,frightened at it, or afraid of lets, do not necessarily belong to the signification; jj_3; app. designed as an epithet of good omen, it; or he feared it. (TI5. [But I know of no but that hating wvater does; though not in com- because the beast is so called only before being authority on which this is founded, except a in wilaci some read mon conventional language: (TA:) accord. to skilfully trained. (M.) -[Hence,] o;ois prov. (cited in art. j.), sL.j Th, Laj signifies a beattiful garden: (M:) the sl/Il t An ode of d.ifftiult rhymes; such rhymes tla. Ly3 instead of O&f.]) To a man, you say, pl. of Lj, is t uj, (?, M, ],) [or rather this as the poets have not extemporaneously composed: [e B not thou frightened;] fear not thou; is a coll. gen; n.,] and bl, (,M, A, Myb, [,) (TA:) or a..; t.a means an ode not well, let not fear overtake thee: and to a woman, originally .al, (C,) and OiU, (Lth, M,' I,) or not skilfuUy, composed. (A.) And ,.; .I .l. j. (, TA.) And lhnce the saying, in a originally ti, (TA,) or rather 3ILij.is pl. of t An affair not well, not skilfully, or not soundly, trad., ; . L211 b l Xji [Ye shall not be t ,l.;, (M,) and !L.,j, (M, Meb,) in the dial. managed, conducted, ordered, or regulated. (A, frightened, or afraid: we saw not, or have not of Hudheyl !Lj.;: (Msb:) Az says that the TA.) seen, anything]. (TA.) You also say, ' I. G,bL 2 of the hard and stony and rugged tracts in iyj as a subst.: see "5j and 4 HIe was, or became, frightened at, or the desert are low level places, in whichl the rainafraid of, hipt, or it; or he feared him, or it. water stagnates, or remnains, or collects, and p!M IIard ground in the lower, or lowest, (TA.) - t [It affected his , iLe. heart, or

•j,

1188 mind, with a sudden surprise; it took him by surtprie.] One says, 'l b;y& st bi meaning I [Nothing took me by surprims but thy coming; i. e. I nas urprised by thy coming; or] I knew not save thy coming; as thougih he said, nothing struck mr.y but thy coming. (TA.) Andl v ' s! .j t[I went w;nt) .J/rth,and nothing took me by surprise but such a one at the door]; which is eqcuivalent to saying, and lo, such a one was at the door. (H[ar p. 207.) And it is said in a tral. of I'Ab, ' ;I. .U SI3 J J , i.e. 1 knew not [save a man taking hold of, or seizing, my shoulder-joint]; as though he came upon him suddenly, or unexpectedly, without any previous appointment, and witllout knowledge, and so that event frightened him. (TA.) - [It affected his , i.e. heart, or mind, with admiration,or pleasure ;] it excited his admiration and approval; it pleased him, or ,ejoiced him; (?, Mb,.1L ;) said of beauty [&c.]. (Myb.) It is aid in a trad., describing thdie people of Paradise, L,tl >JJ a &O .j4, And what is upoln hini, ;.f apparel, excites his admiration &c., by its beauty. (TA.) - [It (drink) cooled it, (namely, the heart,) or allayed its thirst.] A poet says,
.. . . ... ..

(BooK I. in two places. tU, J i. q. J C1tl) [He knowledge. (TA.) [See also art. C, in several was affected by alacrity, chAccrfulnes, briskness, places.] _ Also i War, or battle; as in the phrase, liveliness, or sprightliness,disposing him to promptte t [le witnessed, or was present at or ness to do good; he inclined to, and loved, doing ,It in, war, or battle]. (TA.) [See also an ex. in a good]. (AZ.) verse cited voce .] t3 [see 1, of which it is an inf n. -n.] Fright, j The heart: (S, Msb,K :) or the part orfear; (., 15;) as also t j [accord. to some, but this seems to be little known]. (TA.) Hence thereof which is the place of ;;j, i. e. fear: (I,' the saying, ;s.j His fright, or fear, de- TA:) or the >1_~ [or core, &c.,] thereof: (19:) and the mind: (S, Msb, I,* TA:) and the underparted. (8.) Az says, All the lexicologists whom J,*d ...· I standing; or intellect. (8, K.) See j;;, in five I have met say asm%j , with fet-hi to the j [in ' % . M u. 3. That came places. Youl say, &j], except El-Mundhiree, who informs me into my mnind. (S, Msb,* TA.) Anti it is said in that AHceyth used to say, It is only ' 4 o C'I .j%l C41[Verily with !damm. (TA.) Accord. to different relations a trad., s:, the Trusted, or Trusty, Spirit (meaning Gabriel) of a trad., you say, t ;.J; l, meaning Fright, inspired into my mind, or heart]. (8.) You say or fear, hath departedfrom thy heart; or may 't j) , meaning t lIe ncnt to rnpp. a fright, orfear, departfromn thy heart; (T, TA;) also, mistake forfrom] a thing, and then rectrnet to thus expl. by AHeyth; (TA;) and a. ', it. (TA.) with fct-h; or this latter, only, is the right, and means what thou fearest hath quitted thee, and . The quality of exciting admiration and departedfrom thee, and become retnoved; or may approval by beauty (8, K() and pleasingnen what thou fearest quit thee, &e.; as though it of aspect, or by courage; (K;) the quality were taken from the young bird's going forth denoted by tlw epithet jl, appliled to a man, from the egg, (1g, TA,) and the darkness' becomand &j;, applied to a aroman. (v.) ing removed from it; thus expl. by Aboo-Ahmad (8, [See also 1, near the end of the paragraph.] El-luasan Ibn-'Abd-Allah Ibn-Sa'eed El-'Askeree;

s,')

$

Q),49 1
..

^.

49 xitt
.. -,,

$

[She gare me to drink a draught that cooled, or allayed the thirst of, my heart: may God give her to drink fromt the pool of the Apastle in Paradise]. (TA.) You say also, P ,6 A; El, tL [whiclh may be rendered This is a dratught by which he has cooled, or allayed the thirst of, my heart; and it is implied in the TA that this is the right moaning: or it means] this is a draught by which the thirst, or vehement thirst, of my heart has been allayed: (so accord. to the pointing in the copies of the f:) mentioned bly As. (TA.) i Thle verb from ; [q. v. infr%] is one and the same [whetllor trans. or intrans.; i. e., you say rb;j, aor. VA, inf. n. jj, meaning "Ie," or "it, excited his admiration and approvnl," &c., as expl. above; and t1~, app. with the samo aor. and inf. n., meaning He posessed the quality of exciting admiration and approval hy his beauty and the pleatingyneu of his aspect, or by his courage, &c.; and in like manner, ,t15, said of a woman]; thi trans. verb [in this case] being like tdie trans. [in other cases], and the intrnas. [in this case] like the intrans. [in other cases]: but the regular form, accord. to Ax, of the [intrans.] verb hence derived is.j, nor. ,,, inf: n. n .j. (TA.)- . And , .SJaor. ~t,

and AO says that Ic.s; 1 [thus in the TA, without any syll. signs,] means let thjy fright, or fear, depart, for the case is not as thou fearest it to be. (TA.) It is also said, in a trad. of Mo'.wiyeh, that he wrote in a letter to Ziyid, ' .t.sij ./ witlh arnm; (IK, TA;) but the opinion commonly obtaining with the leading lexicologists is, that it is with fet-h; except Alleyth, who relates it thus, withl damm; (TA;) meaning Dismiss thou tlhe from thy .j; (g, TA;) i.e., the fright, or fear, from thy heart: (TA:) for you say h j. l when dithe young bird quits the egg,; and ;is fright, or fear, whichl does not depart from itself, but from its place, whichl is the ., witlh dlamm; (AHeyth, 1 ;) the in tho L" being like the young bird in the egg: in liko manner also one says .i t,il Aq.Jl when a man's fright, or fear, departs: but Dhu-r-Rummch, though knowing the meaning, has made an inversion, saying,

se see:

j; last sentence.

.A3 A fit of fright or fear: (., 1., TA:) pl. ,itAj; (TA;) which is applied by Tarafeh to the frights occasioned by a stallion-camel to a she-camel when he desires to cover her. (EM, p. 68.) It is said in a trad., S,J1 ;,Cl, meaning And he gers them sometling .for the fright occasioned to tlheir women and their children by the horsemen. (TA.) A trait, or sign, or mark, of beauty [that affectIs the , or heart]: (IAy, ](:) beauty that excite. admiration and approval, or pleases, or rejoices. (TA.) 1ljdIl 1Ij. and ,til_I bIj, applied to a shecamel, Quick, spirited, vigorous; sharp in spirit; syn. 'g' .,: (K:) and [in like manner] tia'j, applied to a she-camel and a mare, (.8, .,) but not to a male [in this sense, i. ce.its masc. form, j;l, is not thus used], (S,) sharp in spirit; syn. !ji1 .: (8, g :) in the T, l;j, without D, is applied ns nn eiithet to a mare: and IAgr says that l;;, thus tt aplllicd, is not fi.orn lI;j, but means one that is as though she were feaful, by reaxon of her sharpness, andl b,riskness, or lightness, of spirit: he says also, tlat fij;l, applied to a horse, is like this epithet aplalied to a man; and IB says, in art. .o, that, applied to a man, it signifies quichly.friphtened or afiaid: it is also applied to a heart, meaning that isfrightened, [or startled,] by reason of its sharpnesx, at everything that is heatrd or seen; and so I;j. (TA.) [See also 1;, and

5

)

b and

IZj: see art. ~j. 00.

iel, m, n. of the former l.jj, and of the latter LW): see art. &J. 2: see 1, first sentence, in two places. 5: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph. 8: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph,

I

[for >;' A. 1, Ha 'Iisheart had jfreed itCf from griefs]. (AHIevth, TA.) Alleyth adds, (TA,) one also says, y,J!l C , V j.l, or A.sl IS, [accord. to different copies of the , the latter being the reading in the TA, but the former probably the right,] mneaning [Free thy heartfiom the affair; i. c.] bel tlou tranquil, and wnithout fear. (JI, TA.) Az observes, What AHeyth says is clear; but I am averse from it because of his being alone in his saying; thlough sometimes later authorities correct thin,s in which jI mentioned and expl. tllerewitl.] the earlier have erred; therefore the correctness of AHeyth may not be [absolutely] denied in I.j [act. part. n. of , q. v.,] Frightening; this matter, seeing that he had an ample share of putting in fear; mnaking afraid; [and particu-

Buox I.]
1 189

larly] by its beauty and abundance or multitud deceive him nwho is behind one. (Er-R6ghib, TAL.} ) towards him; (MA, TA;) or strove, ndea-. (Lth, TA.) - App,lied to beauty, That ercit It is aid in a prov., voured, or desired, to deceive, ddude, beguile, admiration and approwl in the .; [i. e. hear circumvent, or outwit, him; syn. ,l.; a aso or mind,] of him who beholds it, and please hin t li, inf. n. Ii l: and both signify he 1 endea. or rejoices him. (TA.) Applied to a man, (1~, ' [for s1l, i e. Turn aside or atway, or go thi voured to turn him; or endeawoured to turn him TA,) as also t t$j (9, IS, TA) so applied, ( nray and that, &c., O she-hyena, and looh wheree by blandishment, or by deceitful arts, or to w, entice TA,) Wio excites admiration and approval biy is the place to which tofJee: or, as some relate it, him to turn; syn. ;;;;. (TA.) It is sid when his beauty (9, ]4, TA) and pleaingneus of aspacl its object is a person who has turned away from, ($, TA. (g, TA,) with generomness, or noblenss, and ea', the first word is !Sj : see art. j.]. . [Freytag seems to have found j)l for.JI4; and or shunned, or avoided, that which one has ceUlnce, and lordly condition; (TA;) or by hi courage: (]K, TA:) or the former, beautiful i:u has explained jt; . as meaning "Vide ubi devised, planned, or plotted, against him. (TA.) You say, i sj..' [Such a one countenance, who excites admirationand approv 2l capra sint, hymena!"]) And you say, practitse deseit, &c., in the affair], inf. n. J11l t by his pleasingness of aspect and by the goodlines &iL-. u The game, or object of the cluue, went away this of his form or figure or state of apparel and th iiS . to 1I ,J Icsasd not to e nway and that, or hither and thither. (TA. .(8.) And L, like: or, as some say, nwho frightens men by hii [There sdeavour to turn him, or to entice him to turn, said to be tropical; but I see not where- . aspect, inspiring reverence or awe: but the forme r fore.]) And one says, L'( ). tl/ He turned from tach a thing, syn. >jI1; (TA in thin art. ;) explanation is the more reasonable: and t th aide, ae or away, from such a one [and particularly and *eato it: (TA in art. e":) and [in like latter epithet, * beautiful man, who acirtes admi ilith deceit or guile; eluded him; dodged him]. manner] you say, r.1 ration and approval in him who beholds him: or ' ifi j., Such a as some say, sharp; lively in spirit, and sha,p ii (JK.) one endeavours to turn me, or to entice me to And J.1 O. [lie deviatesfrom intellect: (TA:) [see also the next preceding the truth, or from that >=.. which is right or just]. turn, to a thing; and .l C from a thing; syn. paragraph:] the fem. of the former is with; (TA.) And L,I I t Th/e road turned aside or .Uv?? and seeks, or demands, my doing so. (TA:) tlhat of the latter, t *'l~: (S :) the pl. of away, or deviated. (Msb.) And l,S t5. lj (TA.)- - -ja, also signifies The act of wrest*Ij is tl.jl, (K,* TA,) applied to men, like ma s [He turned awayfrom such a thing, and returned, ling together; ($, ;) like t7 5J. (1$.) You 0Ij; [the pl. of 5L;] is to women: (TA:) and concealinghisreturn: (lar p. 21:) [for,] accord. say, h1j i[e wrestled with hiam: (TI:) or t)jI to Fr, P1) is not said of one who has returned the p1. of .jIand :I; is t 3;, (K, TA,) applied unless lie 'Ly '.~a One of them wrestled with another; concealed his return. (liar ibid., and [or they wrestled, one with another; or they to men naid to women. (TA.) You say alDo, TA.) And 1I.b J! lj, (S, Msb,) or ;ji wrestled together;] as also t llVJ. ($, TA.) .h1, Il >o A beautiful horsn, that frightens (.·, (TA,) He turned aside ($, Msb, TA) to such a i. e. .. , [or rather startles, but better renderedI thing, (9, Msb,) 4: see 3, in two places. . 1t,I, (9, Mpb, X,) or to such a one, (TA,) secretly. excites adniration and approval in, or pleases, inf. n. 1.'l, (Msb, TA,) also signifies He sought, ($, (Msb, TA.) Hence, in the Kur [li. 26], ,li or rejoice,]) the beholider by his beauty: (Mgh:) sought for or after, sought to find and take or and .; ,..6, and t tA, [but see, respecting r1 ; 9_ W .J'l 1 And /e turned aside, get, or Imrsued after, and desired, (., Mqb, ],) the latter, a remark of IApr in the next preceding (Jel, TA,) or went away, (Bd,) to his family a thing; (Msb;) or a thing ilhat was difficult to paragraplh,] a mare that excites admiration and secretly [and brought afat calf]: (Bd, Jel, TA:) take; as though it turned aside or away, or went or he returned to his family concealing his return. this approval, or pleases, or rejoices, (jt3,) by her way and that, &c., ( ct it.,) before him; generousnen, or excellence, or high blood, and her (Fr, TA.) And in the lJur [xxxvii. 91], ~l., (Har p. 21 ;) and t (9, M 9b, 1K,) inf. n. ',, lescription. (TA.) [See also art. &j, to which, as >;i1 l0.p1 And he turned against them ~t~J, (Msb,) signifies the same. (9, Msb, 1.) (Fr, S, Bd, TA) secretly, (Bd, TA,) smiting them well as to the present art., 'ilj, applied to a iorse, with th thiqght hand, or because of the oath that ~t;.;, j ,~.~1 is expl. in one of my two copies is said, in thile TA, to belong.] And Wjl; ai;j i,.,I: in the lie had sworn; (Bd;) as though the ;; in this of the $ by tl;e words ni . other of thlose copies, case Dleautiful ornament. (TA.) And C' consisted the latter in of these his employing words is a pretext *. against I Surpassing, or excelling, speech, or language. them in order that he might do to their gods what written .Lls: I think that the right reading is (TA.) - Also Frightened, or afraid; and so he did: (~, L:) or the meaning is, he advanced °.,,~; and the meaning, Seek ye me with, or t, with the unaltered, as though it were of against them. ($, TA.) J! L i. t j, in, your mode, or manner, of seeking: the proper meaning is seek ye me with your seehing.] Kh&lid the measure J3ea: [or both signify haringfright aor. as above, He sought to obtain quickly an Ibn-Ja*far Ibn-Kilab says, sp~aking of his mare obiyet of want of such a one. (JK, TA. [See orfear: for] each is a possessive epithet: or the former may be of the measure J&j in the sense also 4.] of the measure Jj.z *. .: . "3-: , [and therefore have the L.V.JL.P 2. , (IAar, ],) inf n. A A .3 , (TA,) tlie signification first given]. (TA.) t 1 ' a ' " smeared, seasoned, imbued, or soaked, a mess of 0 %Z.^i LID ii.115. .N ,jj': fern. l'j: pl. : sece the two para- J.d3 [i. e. broken, or crumbled, bread], (IAar, graphs next preceding; the former in three places; 1,'TA,) or a morsel, or mouthful, (TA,) with [Seeh ye me with your seeking; but ye will not the latter, in five. grease, or gravy, or dripping; (IAtr, I, TA;) be able to take me; for I, vith .Hidlhkah, am like the bone stiching.faist in the throat beneath as also , ;, I and and JJ: (TA:) or you the carotid artery]. (TA.) And you say, CJ{ say, C@ &*L U$ , inf. n. as above, I aeall [ I sought, or pu]rsued, the game, or object 1. t1,, (1, Msb, ],) aor. tjd,, (Q, Msb,) in£ n. smeared, seasoned, imbued, or soaked, the morsel, of the chase]. ($.) And '.I ,ti;j , .bI The eagle pursued the game this may and that, ; (9, Msb, 1C) and Ati;, (9, Mgh, Msb, k],) or mouthful, with clari,idbutter; as also 1u;: said of a fox, (~, Mgh, Msb, ],) and of a man, (Mb :) or s ,, : jt ,t ;, I oa ked the as the latter wvent. (Agh and TA in art. (9,) lie ttrned aside or awray from a thing: bread in grease, or gravy, or dripping; syn. And ¢ tjea j ;. I went forth 1 (1 :) or nent this way and that, (Mgh,) or to seeking in erery road, or may, a camel that had t *jJ. (JK.) tlse right and left, quickly, (Msb,) and deceitfully, i run amayfrom me. (TA, from a trad.) And 1 or guilefully: (Mgh, Msb:) [or turned asds to 3. ;ajtl, (MA, TA,) inf n. 1i~; (KL, TA) L*,! ; C W~hat is this that thou seehest and decdeid Aim mAn -,a. · t, 4 ........ . . ". v. .. n-- a,m: iorj me pn- and 1[l, (TA,) He practised deceit, delusion, esirest ? or that which thou seekest and desirest mary signification ? of [j is the turning aside to guile, or artifice, (MA, KL, TA,) with him, or (, TA.) And tbi,l; li ' S,uch a one

a

e3U,

i__,,

(

1100

t&,; - j.

[Boox I.

tjI [ll:ore, and most, wont to turn aside or beverage, ($,) or water; (Msb;) he cleared, or eehs, and devries or plans or plots, such and such (Jr, away from a thing: to go this way and that, or Cdtar~ifed, wine, or beverage, with thl j. things. (T, TA.) in water to the right and left, quickly, and deceitfully, or 'A.)--tile (a drunken man) made (JK, 1,r I j, e (a beast) roUed, or turned himself guilefully: to turn aside for the purpose of de- is clothes. (Ahln, I, TA.) = j 5. lIe ceiving him nvho is behind: or to elude, or dodge]. 'A,) inf. n. as above, (JK,) He made, or put, to tJ i. .t over. (JK, IDrd, i.) And Fie tent, a jl., (JK, TA,) meaning a curtain became befouled, or bedaubed, in the mud. (JK.) Tarareb Ibn-El-'Abd said to 'Amr Ibn-Hind, At in censuring his companions, rtended below the roof. (TA. [See jl .j)I. 6: see 3, hist two sentences. I C The night ext0,) J,l ;jj t t lence, (.Iar p. , . t?~ 1 8: see 4, second sentence. 0 ended the 3j [or curtain] of its darness; (S, .slb, TIar ubi suprl, TA;) becanme dark; (lJar, a than elude to wont more o also sigis ~ them nof one [Every rA;) rA ;) as also tjJl1. (TA.)-n t13 [The act, or quality, of turning aside or fox: how like is this night to yesternight! mean- iifies nifies The selling a commodity and buying one art. ! see another to one they, are and like way how this ing, going of or aray from a thing: Wetler than it, (IAsr, Ki, TA,) or longer than it, wter deceitand quickly, left, and right the to that, or id a prov. (TA.) J.a XPt" ]: ind better: (TA:) or the selling an old and worndeceive to aside turning of or .uilefully: or .fully, thing and buying a new one: (Th, TA:) or out thita_q him who is behind one: or ofeluding, or dodging:] tlie tiC selling one's garment, and addintg something I-'.,, ~~~~~ . t (so o it, and buying [ith tithat garment and the l'.~, a subst. from it}. (S, Mb, If.) hiing hirig addedcl to it] another garment better than in the TA, the vowel of the j in tlj not indi, ;, (K,) or , (IDrd, K,) aor. 1. t: (JK:) [or the buying, with a thing a,rd somneJ '°' and A11J;', (so in the inf. n. JJ, (lDrd,) is a dial. var. of jN 3, (IDrd, hing addIcd thereto, a better thing: for] one catel,) or *t l1; (K:) or, as some say, (IDrd,) ;ays, .JK,) Abn,ndant [nealth, or good of any hind]. aor. jI,F [nle soul his commodity, 4; L. f says, n (JK, TA.) j significs The being still; and is not from md nmd bought with it and something added thereto a js;, n. inf. Jl1, says,] [ISd I:) (IDrdl, AhJjl: better co,mnoditt]. (TA.)- One says also, a iJ~ [originully ill] A state of pllity; or of becante, still, d or was, it, or [he, on signifies kUe num,cd a high price to _g 1 . -,J Q.J, abundance qfherbage, or of the goods or conve! [signitliereof var. a dial. is v.] [q. hil Wch such a one for his conmtodity, nut dcsiing it etinlcea or conmforts oflife. (JK, lbn-'Abbld, K.) d&c.] and with syn. !3 and is not froin [hitnmself, huit app. dlesi,intg to induce another to 'Ititn.eelf, !$~. 0J, Such a one is in a state fying tlhus]; You say, lire a high price for it]. (.1JK, K: expl. in thlo live se_J (M.) of ple;tty, &c. (JK.) - See also art. t . tsJ ; andiin th e oi. ~ L . . former 'oi.mer by P-d, j, 3. J,lj: seel. lull: see wlhat next follows.
atter

;J¢ Tine wre3stling-lare of a people; (Yz, (M1b in art. fil, and 4. ,3J1: sac 2. = Aerry, or comnpassion: (0, JI:) so acJK,.,I.;) as also ?il;j, (K,) which is the inf. n. ii;l, (S in art.,) 1. in tliat and the present 1 (O.) origrinal form, the . being aftcrwvurds changed cord. to IAar. K accord. to tlbe the in so and ffic the present art, (S, Myh, K ;) into U. because of the kesrelh before it, though forth; or out, it poured lIe TA,) rA,) this, as Sgh says, is not a necesary sort of connamely, water and the like, (S,) or water and (So in thie JK.) M versioIn; (TA;) or i.dj. one says also 5l;,, (Ms1), TA,) aor. 03., (S, Mo1b,) blood: (Mshl:) and bMsh, 1. J1, (S, like TA,) chlanging the i into a, originally , Ai,,R i. q. a . [meaning An evasion or inf. n. J3j, (8D,) It (winle, or bevcrage, S, or of be to Lh by said A*.^> (Msh,) elu.ion, a shift, a rile, an art;fice, an artful water, M§b, TA, and a thing, TA) wvas, or be- A*.^. in measure, have to afterwards and lhe dial. of El-Yemen, contrivance or device, a plot, or a stratagem]: came, clear. (5, Myb, TA.) = 4ic 3J1, (JK, Llic spread among Mular, (TA in art. fj,) aor. (Ibn-'Abbad, I :) fiom t,iI [inf. n. of tlj]: so K,) aor. as above, (JK,) andtso tile inf. n., (I,) .j, (Mob, TA,) withi fet-h to the o, imperative ex c[cled himn, or it.: (JK:) [and] he, lighl.'(Mob, 3 [Thou toohest me lie, or it, .t in the saying, i/2.t4l VJ..i or it, exwceededl hi, or it, in ceecllence. (,.) (3Msb,)inf. n like ', oritritially :, 3A, originally by an artifice,'&c.]. (JK, lbn-'Abbad, K.) [It You say, 1 31.] Siach a thing wars S [q aor. and 'if, has a similar meaning also in a saying cited voce 3*j& ilh; (S and .K in art. Jj;) or renmained over and above, in smay reduadant, :'I~', q. v.] (Ms.b, TA,) with tihe o quiescent, like (Mid), hand; like tIs; syn. lj. (L in a1t tf.) And d.s., -' 0 '3. c j and .a,l: see tj. r .jt aor. of tU ; or, accord. to the T, jtj Such a one was,r or becamec, i tL Ls wrong ty as being anomalous; and some say, t1 [Wont to turn aside or away from a above, or sorpa.ion. to, his family; surpassed, or is ,,&,. as though the o were A;3.~j nor. -, iinf. n. jV, 4:-y his fun ily. (JK.) S,L5jtj, (JK, jA thing: or to go this way and that, or to the right excelled, in a trad., ;lrl O4 said Msb, is tie It of r. copy mdical. radical. (Msh.) 3,1, (so in my andleft, quickly, and deceitfully, or guilefullUy: MA,) or 3 him deceiving or to turn asidefor the purpose of zjLez ;.,Jt; or 3IljJ, the verb beinig in [perhaps a mistranscription, for only the former ;'lj1 jl j. vl,to is belhiuind: or to elude, or dodge]. Mo'iwiyce is commonly known,]) and J31;, (K ,) nor. as the the pass. form, and the * either meftooipuh or quiescent, and ol.JS being in the accus. case as tsaid to 'Abtl-Allah Ibn.-Ea-Zubeyr, Z..1 ol1 above, (JK,S,) and so the inf. n., (JK,K,) It quiercetbt, aind him, onder, or a a specificative; [so that the meaning is, Verily a 1 (a tlling) in, uced in me, nonoman used to pour fur.th ith blood; for 3Wl admiration, and pleasure, or joy; excited my, motnan [Thou art only a fox wcont to elude: when. and his, admiration anid aopproal; plcased, or is equivalent to ~f'; but by rule the specificativo .~ 1 hrejoiced, me, and him. (JK, S, MA, Meb, .) ewr thou comest forth from a burrow, thoa should be without the article JI ;] or .%lJI may sliould u eh , He Rwas, or be- be in the nom. case, a4Il ,, [aor. 3',] iOnf. n. . being for L4L. [i. e. enterest into a burrow]. (TA.) [Hence,] el. is an appellation of The fox. (JK, K..) came, long-tootied: (MA:) [or he had long teeth, her blood used to pour forth]. (Msb.) ISd says the upper of which projected oper tie lonter: or to be originally j;!J because D0j A devieating road. (?, TA.) lene his upper central incisors twerc longer than the that J1;lI is judged of a verb is more commonly letter die the niedial radical .t3j1 [as a subst.] A road deviating fS.om thit tli;tn thitn 5; and because, when water is poured forth, mni; road: pi. 3I.j. (TA, from a trad.) Mb,) illf.n. (JK, (S.K,) its clearness appears, and it excites the admiration abo , (JK,8,M 2. and approval of its behiolder; [to which may be ) wine, or atid ed, (, M Ab, Ie cleared, or clarif sc what next precedes. 9 : se

s1; WVine; a dial. var. of ,.l.

(TA.)

14;

BOOK I.]

1191

a;] his life; or] he became aged: (I:) or this saying means this life became prolonged so that, or though Ks states that ti,j1;, aor. , signifie until, his teethfell out, one after another. (S, 0.) The snater poured out, or forth: IlB says that -t A part, or portion, of the night: (S, ]g:) ;l aJ4 i is from L.Qi ,3l, aor. , inf. n. 1., accord. to IB, 31jl: but accord. to Aboosignifying the nater tient to and fro upon the 'Amr Esh-Sheybanee, this is pl. of %lj: (TA:) I,erface qf the earth. (TA.) One says also, of a man, ;.A ; tjl,.t and dlpbi and Jl5* [meaning [or the pl. of 3; in this sense is 313l1.] You 3I y;;> 4 t A ,'art, or portion, of lie pouredforth his seninalJuild]. (TA.)_And say, J. 33;elt .d C ,, and 5j; meaning t Stay the night passed. (TA.) Andl JeUI 5ljl means ihou until the mid-day heat shall have become I The folds (.ti3) of the daincess of night. (K, tjli 1The sidles of the eye: assuaged, and the air be cool; syn. .1. (IAspr, TA.) And JaI TA in art. )- -.. [See more in art. j..] so in the saying, 1 .l -' 1 1Jt The sides of the eye shed tears. ((), K,* TA.) - Also 5. ,j3 It (winc, or beverage, [&c,]) became elear [or rathlcr cleared] writhout pressing, or t The body: (K, TA:) and [in like manner the pl.] dj1i signifies the textrernilies and body, of e.r)erusing. (TA.) a man: (TA:) and his self; (JK,* TA;) as also 6. ; i. G& They two pour the statle the singular. (JK, TA.) You say, A,L. l U#J. out, orforthl, by turns. (TA.) tThey thremr themselres upon us. (TA.) And ti.l t lie covered us uith hisnc.lf .j [an inf. n. of jS;, used as an el,ithet,] 3 l)jl '. Clear; applied to water &c. (IA.r,] . [See [/by throing himself ulon ,s]. (TA.) And °%j also ilj.]-[lence, app., as a sul)st.,] Pure, ,s1ijt t He threw his neight upon him. (TA.) or sincere, lore. (R.)~ [Also, as an epithet And 4,IJI L_ il,;t L_4j tlIe mounted the originally an inf. n.,] Ifdlucing n,ondler, or ad, ,sll jl;b LeJ t HIe nalg;ted mniration, and ple,ssure, or joy; exciting admrira- beast: and I i t lie tion and eapproval; pleasing, or rejo;cing; (IAar, from the beast. (0, K.) And 3jlt j;1 K ;) as anlo 9 , (JK) and 1',. (I Aar, TA.) remained at rest in a place; ($, O, K ;) like as And, applied to a horse, Benautiful in make, one says, oL;e siJI: (8,0:) a meanilng said in that inrluces n,onder, or admiration,and plca.trre, the K~ to be app. the contr. of what herle next or joy, in his belolder; excites his admiration follows: but this requires consideration. (TA.) andi approvt'al; or pleases, or rejoices, him; as also Also t Ile ran vel erently: (A'Obeyd, S, 0, K]:) V ~j. (K.) = A horn (JK, S, K, TA) of any not known, however, to Sh, in this sense; but known to him as meaning the strove, laboured, horned animnal: (TA:) pl. 113j1. (8, TA.) toiled, or excrted himse/f, in a thing. (TA.) [Hence,] .,oWl .;; t Tre Jtpear wnhich the hor.re- [Agreeably with this last explanation, it is said man extends between tihe horse's ears: (I:) that] !j also signifies t A man's determination, [for] spears are regarded as the horses' horns. or resolution; his action; and his purpose, or (H.lam p'. iO.) And ',sjj c.,1 'jaliA great intention. (1, TA.) And hence the saying, calamity or ,ni.fotune; (g, TA;) lit. two- aiIjt sca ril [meaning t lie devoted his mind horned. (TA.) And $6 il . - A vehe- and energy to it, or him]: (TA:) [or] you say ment rcar. (TA.) - Also t[A] courageous[man], thus, and a V i, meaning Iris loving it, ,ith whom one cannot copl. (1.)A chieJ i,) l vehemently [i.e. the lored (IAyr, J K, I.) of men. (JK.) t A company, or !lim, ( it, or him, vehemerotly; agreeably with explanaor collertive body, (As, O, K,) of peoalc: so in tions of the saying ,,l, dU .i5l1 in art. ., the saying, O9OL' C ~. C;.;tj t[A company q. v.]. (Thus in the JM. [In my two copies of of the sons of such a one came to us: or, app., a the S, and in the 0 and 1y, and hence in the TA, numerous and strong company; for it is added in the places of 4.a and A~ we find ackJ and that this is] like the saying.~il Ia. ,'g. &.; evidently mistranscriptions which have [which means "the numerous and stirong combeen copied by one lexicographer after another pany of the collective body of the people"]. withlout due consideration: or, if we read i.tL&, (Al, o.) _ Also svn. with 31j 'in several senses, as 'pointed out below: see the latter word in six we should read , .. ; for in this case the meanplaces. - Also t The foremost part or portion ing of the saying would certainly be he loved thee of rain, and of an army, and of a number of vehemeintly. Freytag, misled by the reading horses or horsemen. (TA.) And t Thc.first part in the .S and Ig, renders O3tI! ils g.il as of youth; as also t* .J, (?, 0, g,) originally jJ., meaning lagno amore erga ipsum te accendit. (0, I,) and * j,, (s, 0, I,) which is a con- Golius gives, in its place, L Ji1jjl .'.b (for 31jt!), as meaning Valde anuavit um.])- You traction of SG: (0:) you say, dl4., ,3 j " say also, 13t!1 3iaI.JI ~ JI, (JK, 8, 0, I~,) or and & i and ,etc ; SHt: He did it in the !VJVI ,ef§l uLi J Uil, jl (TA,) : The first part of his youth: (S, TA:*) and cloud east down its rain, and its vehement rain 3; .., ~ I ,. : ' Thefirst part of youth passed. consisting of large drops, ($, 0, g, TA,) upon (TA.). Also tThe youth [itself] of a man. the earth: (TA:) or persevered wvith rain, and (TA.)_.-And tLife; i.e. the period of. life: remained stationary upon the land: (JK, TA:) whence the saying, 3ij J1-t[He consumed or Lt!t ,.J1 J ;1 T'he sky cast do,n all tae Bk. I. added, also because one says, ;W.il

jl5;t

J

water that was in it: (IAmb, 0, TA:) or this saying, (0, TA,) or the former, (1s,) means east down its clear waters; (0, 15, TA;) from :4,1 Jl; signifying "tlhe water was, or became, clear:" but IAmb deems this ixmprobable, because the Arabs did not say j; :L and ot;I OIG1 and l11jI sl6I: (O, TA:) [i. e. they aid j.U only, in all cases when they used it as an epithet meaning "clear," because it is originally an inf. n., liku J~ &c. :] or, as some Say, by hl3jJ is m ant its wnaters renderedheavy by the clouds: and one

says, 1;l.tl.1_I ,.jI

and tQ!..

t [The sky

loosed, or let dotvn, its spouts; the clouds being likened to leathern water-hags)]: (TA:) [for] ·,.'L.JI j means t The je; [or channel bhy n-hich flows the nwater] of the clouids. (TA in another part of the art. [See also jll, an used in relation to clouds.]) j;~ also signifies A substitute for a thing, (0, ,) accord. to [the JK and] Ibn-'Abbhid. (O.) And ~j.I means The breathing of [i. e. in] the agony of death (~ 'I i..). (0, K, TA. [In the CK and in my MS. copy of the 1I, fl .. u.i, whichl means the agony of tlenth itself.]) *, 9. , is is said to be pl. of uj, and of ;, anlll of dj.l. (TA.) [See these three words.] j Length oqf the teeth, wvith a projecting of the uypper over the lo,ner: (JK:) or length f/J the upper incisors excecclig that qf the lower, (5, (), K, TA,) with proqctiun of the former orer the lattetr. (TA.) [See also 1, last sentence.] j.;: see O%, in two places, in the former half of the paragraph: and see also j?j.
a; i. q .I; Jl. [i. e. cautt, comelio,,, or elegance, &c., that indutces wonder, or adotltiation, and pleasure, orjoy; or surpassing bea,ty, &c.]. (K.)

41

UJ Choice, or excellent: (Fr, 0:) or goodly, or beautifisl: (1I:) applied to a boy and to a girl, (Fr, 0, .K,) and to a he-camel and to a shlecamel: (Fr, 0:) and very beantifil or comely or' elegqnt; (K ;) applied to one and more of human beings: (TA:) used alike as mnasc. and fem. and sing. and pl. (0, TA) and dual: (TA:) [and also said to be pl. of , q. v; :] and it lias a pl., [o,r cell. gen. n.,] namely, .3j; (ID, ),TA;) alplied to she-camels; (IDrd, 0 ;) or sometimes applied to horses and camels, absolutely accord. to IAr, or particularly when on a journey. (TA.) ~ Also A little, or paltry, thing: (JK, IDrd, 0, X:) of the dial. of El-Yemen. (I)Drd,( O.) You say, i3i '9 ;.UI i He gac him not save a little, or paltry, thing. (IDrd, O.) :
jtj.

asee what next follows.

(Lth, S, Mgh, O, Msb, V, &c.) and j1j (MA, 1K) and * j!t3 (MA) A ,%. [or tent] like the Jlt£ [q. v.], (Lth, JK,O, Meb, K,) supported upon one pole in the middle thereof; (Lth, O, M,Ib ;) as also V I'; (1,*TA; expl. in the 150

1102 former as signifying a Jtl; ;; and its pl. 0jIt; is expl. in the I as signifying 4.L,i;) accord. to Lth: (TA:) or a r.oof in the front, or fore ,art, of a ,t [or tent]; (Q, o, K ;) as also 1 j: ($:) or a curtaina that is extcnded belon, t the roof; as also t* j; whicih latter is expl. in the !I as signifying simply a curtain: (TA:) or the Ijlj of a zw [or tent] is the curtain oft/he front, or.fore part, thereof, extending fromn the top thereof to the ground: (AZ, TA:) a [piece of cloth such as is called] let dowrn upon the kIc fr'ont, or.fore part, of a ', from the to/p thereof to the gr,und: (Mgh :) * j; signifies the same

[Boox I. milked, by the cry 311j 31j; (0;) but not unless also syn. n,ith S;1, as being formed from the she be t .j [app., if not a mistranscription for latter by transposition; and that hence] one says .t;j, formed from this latter by transpc~ition, and l'.U; "; and 3j .z [meaning t A rainles year and rainless years], and aL. thus meaning dusky: see .j1l]. (O, I.) L jS l... .,. ~j .l . [meaning t A rainless year made misCleared, or clarificd, [or rather t a;j chief, or havocli, among themn, as though it cere has this meaning, and ~3t signifies clear,] wine, a dushy rolf]. (TA.) Sec also 31., last senor beverage. (TA.) And Pure musk. (TA.) [See also the same word in art. J.Pj: and sec tence. -j.]_ [Also Exceeding, surpassing, or superi3l1l inf. n. of 4. (S.)_ And [hence,] The lative: see 1, second and next two following sen- Aa [meaning seminal fluid] of a man; as also tences.] -.. See also third sentence. [Hence,] 3l,! an.d &l#1. (TA.) [See .,b ;a jl;.] Goodly, or beautiful: (S, ], TA:) from t'ilJ signifying as expl. in the first paragraph of this j:see art. j. art.; ( ;) or from JI1; signifying "it was, or tJ.JX .t°[Vater, and hence, setinal flutid, became, clear:" (TA:) pl. 13,j, ($, 1,) like as poured for.th]. (TA. [There immediately folaUy and .- are pls. of 1j and , 1, (S,) lowed by .j. ;ib'1t, q. v.]) [or rather quasi-pl.,] applied to boys, (S; K,) and to girls; (S;) [and also (as expl. above) an epithct j J .j-; [A nman pourint forth water, and used alike as mnsc. and fernm. md sing. and pi. and lihnce, his seminal fluid]. (TA. [There immedual;] and 3jz is another pl. of j;, like as 3 diately followed by 1 f., . q. v.]) is of Jjt ($.) Oe;*Il aJ, in which M.3j is [quasi-] pl. of 't.j, means the best, and the manly .a.c: see .1t: -and see e JO,, in art. J. and noble or generous, of the believers. (TA.) Also A tent (-,4, , , and [., 8) having

Jj,

as

;j: (1g:) and each signifies the ak

[or

oblonng piece of cloth] that is beneath the upper, or uppermost, iK, of a %, [or tent]: (Az, O, n:) or sometimes the jt,j is one nsch piece of cloth, and sometimes of two such lpieces, and sometimes of three: (TA:) and, (Msb,) or as some say, (Mgh, TA,) JlI signifies t the front, or .fore part, of a ,: [or tent]; (Z, Mgh, Msb, TA ;) ua also Vt ; (JK, Z, 1 ;) its linder part being called its AUS, and its two sides being called its b; ',tl. (TA;) whence the saying,

s; IJ and

i. e., [They

sat in]' the fiont or fore part [of his tent]: (Z, TA:) and t j3 also signifies a tent; as in the saying, iJ;& ' [He pitched his tent]: ($ :) and [hence] the place of the huntsman [in whAich he connals hinuelf to lie in wait]; (] ;) as being likenmed to the jljj: (TA:) and lIj signifies also et plae that a/fords shelter in rain: (MA:) [nndl a portico; and particularly such as saurro,nids the court of a mnosue; (see ,.; ) in some of thie large collegiate mosques, as, for instance, in the mosque El-Azhar, in Cairo, divided into a number of distinct apartments for st,ialecits of different provinces or countries, each of which npartinents by itself is termed a tl :] thle pl. of r3t is and (C, O, Msb, 1;) the former a pI. of pauc. and the latter of mult.
LX

[Said in tl;e TA to be fiJ: see ,j;, in four places, in the former half a jIj [q.v.]. (.S,K. of the paragraph._ Also The most excellent of tropical; but why, I do not sec.]) anything; (JK, $;) as, for instance, of wine, or SL ' lI ha /asthe 31;j of his tent fronting, beverage, and of rain. (JK.)_ And it is said orfacing, that of mnine; (JK, A, 0, 1 ;*) and so to signify also, (JK, Ibn-'Abbitd, 0,) or so LJ., 5?l. -J 1 (A, TA.) (accord. to the copies of the ]g,) A scantyfall of rain: thus bearing two contr. meanings. (JK, Ibn-'AbbAd, O, .) 3j;1 A clarifier, or strainer, (S, Msb, K,) 2. J;, (Lth, T, 8,) inf. n. 'S, (S,) I.e (a syn. WI~, (S, 1,) for wine or beverage: ($:) horse) slavered in his t.-.... [or nose-bnag]. (Lth, the ij.. [q. v.] with which wine, or beverage, is T, 81.) [Sec also jl; in art. J.J.] - lie dis. cleared, (Ltl, JK, 1g, TA,) w,ithout pressing, or charged hit urine interruptedly and contvulrively. expresNing: (TA:) and (soinctimes, 8) the [kind (Sb, T.) -_ He (a horse) put forth his yard for of wine-ressel called] (S, 1.) KIb,. Accord. to the purpose of staling. (A'Obeyd, T, S, Ml, ]g.) IApr, (0, TA,) who is said by Sh to differ And (M, in the g "or,") HIe extended his penis herein from all others, (TA,) °j!jJ signifies feebl.q: (M, ] :*) or he emnitted his sementfe,or,e access to the wrvomnn. (K.) Also, (inf. n. ats also T/he .,L [or drinhing-cup, or ctup of nrine,] above, T, S, 15,) lie seasoned a cake of bread itself. (O, 1I, TA.) And Dukeyn uses it metawith grease or fat, or melcted grease or .fat, or the phorically in relation to youth; saying, lihe, (M, K,) anld with clar;ifed butter: (M:) n* t;, - a 1 3)s 3 h . or he rubbetl it witll clarified batter, (A., T, IM, 1S,) and with grease, or gravy, or dripping: (Ay [app. meaning t He gave to drinh of the cu7p of T, M :) or he rtubbed it hard, or tmuch, witl clariruddy youth: . see L. as an epithet applied to fied buttcr: (S:) or he soahed bread in clarified an ostrich]. (TA.) butter; and the like: (Ham p. 114:) or he madle his food, (AM,) or a cake of bread, (1K,) very 3ljI [app. originally signifying Horned:_ and hence,] t A horse between wvhose ears the greanq: (M, K:) i.q. .j [q. v.]. (J K and TA rider extends his spear: whlen the rider does not in art.

,3;

(S, O.)_-[Ic

nce, w AJj1 t

0l_l,

expl. in

the TA as meaning .'1 A3t .. jIl. tL: but j1r is hero evidently a mistranscription for '5L.; and the meaning is, tTlis part, of the clouds, that resembles the j1j of the tent. See also ,A...JI , near the end of the paragraph com'j mencing with 3J.] - [Hence also,] J1i1 3t1 t [The curtain of night: and] the first part of ,ight ; and the greater, or main, part thereof (18d, l. [It is implied in the latter that one says aliso in this instance and in the next 31;.]) You say, of night, &ZLJJ13;j Ij1 t [It extended the ru,tain of its darness] (8, Mb:) and ui a4.jI t [It let fall its curtains]. ($.) [See also an ex. in a verse cited voce ., in art. .j.]. And 1 ljJ tT/uT ejyeblnow. (JK, I.) 31l; [imperfectly decl. as being a proper name anld of the fem. gender, though it is implied in

thus, lie [the horse] is said to be ._. . (1.)_Also, applied to a man, (S, MIgh, 1,) Ilavi,g long tceth, with a lprojecting of the upler over thelower: (JK:) o rharin long incisors: (Mgh :) or nthose upper itncisors arc longer than the lower, (S, 5,TA,) a,ul pr(ject over the latter: (TA:) fim. :'3.: (JK, TA:) and pl. 03j; (81, TA;) which is also said to be pl. of a3j, and of Slj. (TA.) [In the 15 is added, after the mention of thie ] that it is jI)jl1and 0l;lI,] is a name for the pl., jJil J;; JJi -*3 iJ.lb: an addition T'e eCne, (0, },) by wich sihe is called to be altogether redundant.] c [It seems that it is

jalind t,ji,' (AP, T, $, M, K,) the former also withl , [Jl.,] as mentioned in art. OJj, (TA,) but not the latter, for the Arahs do not pronounce a word of this [class and] measure with ., (S, TA,) and A'Obeyd says that it is without., or, accord. to ISk, it is [also] with ., (M and TA in art. Jlj,) Slaver: (IApr and T in explanation of the former, and S in explanation of both :) [like Jt, mentioned in art. j, j:] one
says J JIl.p. j.; A man having nmuch s7laver: (IAgr, T: in one copy of the T Jlil :) and

Book; I.]

Ju -- *

1193

Jlj hir. XJ ,i' $ uck a one, LAi slaver flows: ($:) or both signify the slaver of horses and similar bests, (AS, T, M, ],) and of children: (As, T:) or the former signifies peculiarly the froth, or foam, of the horse: (M, g :·) accord. to Lth, the saliva of the horse or similar beast. (T.) [See Ji , in art. Jif.] _ See also the next paragraph.
J:l1 Fallingii drops. (AA, T, ].) j1; J,j
means Slaverfalling in drops. (AA, T.) And (1O) it has an intensive signification, [app. meaning MAuch slaver,] (M, K(,) like 3 M. (M.) ~ Also, (M, g,) and t j1, ($; TA,) but disallowed in this sense by As, (T, 9,) in the 1(, erroneously, jtj;, (TA, [see also jljI, in art.

as the vowel-sound [fully pronounced]; as [in the Quasi 4. L4;,, for ~4;1: see the latter, near case of wvhat is lermed] i C ;; j., such as in the end of the first paragraph of art..:j. the saying of the poet, 0
S

5. te

'p, or 1V, accord. to different copies of

26-

'-?- .

-- -

i-J V-c.
.-

-

.5
,

.t-, a-.t S
---

V WU,,
---

.5

the K, (TA,) lie mocked at, scoffed at, laughed at, derided, or ridiculed, him, or her. ([, TA.) ;1. A certain species of trees. (S,

pag ci

Ckl t

C:C3

J,j']) A redundant tooth, (S, M, 9,) in a man and a horse, ($,) not growring in the manner Of
the ,.,.leal [or other teelth]: (M, g :) or J3; and t iblj signify a tooth that grows to a horse or similar beast, preventing hi,nfrom drinking [nwith ease] and from [eating in the manner termed] _.: (Lth, T :) accord. to ISh, j51j [pl. of i bil;] signifies small teeth that grow at the roots of the large teeth, and excavate the roots qf the latter so that these faU out: (T:) [and] so 01.;I : (TA:) or this last, which is pl. of t 3 1;J, signifies redundant teeth that are behind the [other] teeth; as also jljj, withl the LS elided. (Inam p. 818.) b1;: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

[Is it because that camels have ha4 the nose-reins attached to them, and neighbours hare separated, onefS.om another, and the raven of disunion has uttered its cry, thou art mourning?]; .j O,ll being scanned as OJ s; and it not being allowable to make the t [in CJ_d] quiescent: it is such also as in the phrase in the Kur [ii. 181] ;la t ;, with him who makcs [the odamaeh] obscure; it being only with a slr'red vowael-sound ( J L.' a!.,); and it n,ot being allon,ahle .for the former j [i. e. the j of .] to be quiescent, because the 6 before it is quiescent,for this wvould lead to the combination of two quiescent letters in a case of continuity, [i. e. wAhen there is no pause after them,] without there being biefore them a soft letter [i.e. I or 3 or 1., as in .I, "c.], n'hich is not found in any of the dialects of the Arabs: and it is such also as in the instances in the K.ur [xv. 9 and x. 36 and xxxvi. 49] . tl .jJI LJj.i and 5 ' i> >, A and 07u. [for

1.e)

*j, inf n. of 1 [q. v.]. (T, s, M, &c.) -- See also what next follows.

3j31;
places. J~j,

see

lj,j. l~and see also

;,

in two

(1Aar, T, :, in one copy of thle T j; ,)

like , (I,) A man having mulch slaver. (IA.r, T, X.) _ And [Bread, or food,] soft ,vith seasoning. (IA9r, T, TA.) - And A horse much affectiylg to act as a staUion. (IAnr, T, TA.) Also A piece rof a eak, rope: (AHaI, M, K1:) and a piece o!f a rope of which no use is made. (AHn, IM.)
Jj; [see 2, of which it is a part n.:] One n'hose penis is, or becon es, flaccid: so uccord. to IAgr. (T.)

1. j, (T, 8, M, Meb,) aor.A3, (T, $, MIsb,) in£ n..j;; (T, S, M, Mgb, 1) and;l, (Myb, K, TA,) lHe sought, sought fior or after, or desired, syn. ., , (T,* M, Msb, g,*) a thing. (S, M, Mqb.) - [And hence, Hle auttentped another person in fight &c., and a thing.] _ And [hence also] ),·jl, (v,) or is .Jl · , mentioned by Sb, (~,) [as though signifying Tithe desi,ring to lwonounce the vowel-sound awithout fully acco,nplishing that desire,] means [the pronouncinJ] a vowel-sound (~.i ) slurred (Ai;) and rendered obscunre, (9, K,) for, or by, [accord. to different copies of the 9,] a sort of alleviation [of the utterance]; (S;) it is more [in eJfect] than what is termned L,*Jl, because it is heard; (S, g;) and it is of the same measure [in prosody]

_jj The lobe, or lobule, of the ear; (Mi,1;) as also 'j 3. (K.) ,hl· A certain nation, (M, K,) well knonon; (M;) [said by the Arabs to be] desrenindnts if Er-Room, the son of Esau (9.d~ [so called by the Arabs]), (T, 9, 1l,) the son of Isaac the Prophet; (TA;) [i. O. the Greeks; generally meaning, of the Lower Emnpire; but sometimes, only those of Asia; and sometimes those of the Lower Elimpire together with all tle nations of Europe beside: the ancient Greeks are more properly called by the Arals :]·.l one says t..iJ and.,·:; ($, k(;) the former of these two appellations being applied to a single person, (M, g,) and the latter being the pl., (S, K,) [or rather a coll. gen. n.,] like a ?. Of'J and .; (AAF, S, M ;) the former being distinguishel from the lauter only by the doubled C5..s~ Qand -], and the like thereof: U., like as ;s3 is distinguished from j. its pl. no regard should be paid to the saying of Fr, that in this [last] and the like instances a letter [whlicl [or coll. gen. n.] only by the i: (S:) and .S. in this instance and in the next precedillg it has for [its proper] pl. t;1j. (TA.) [It is also is Z,] is incorporated into another [following it]; applied to The country of the nation, or people, so for they [i. e. the Arabs] do not realize this mode called, both in Europe and Asia, and sometimes [of incorporation]; and he who combines two only in Asia. Hence, .JIl a. The Sea of the quiescent letters in an instance in which the Greeks; meaning tAe MilediterraneanSea.] slurring of the vowel-sound (;a.Jl ,' 1.t) is .i GOlue, witk ,rhichthefeathers of an arrow not proper errs; as in the reading of HIaamzeh, in are stuck: (M, ] :) said by A'Obeyd to be [thus] the Kur [xviii. 96], IJ.i tlS,; for the ',. of without .; but menttioned by Th witll . (M, jtL -''.1' may not be made movent in any TA. [See art..ij.]) manner [and therefore it may not be incorporated .~J1 The sail of an empty ship: (AA, T, . :) into the following letter]. (S, TA.) .·JI is [also] in a case of pausing after a word ending with any that of a full ship is called °e. (AA, T.)-I letter except the fem. ;, [in like manner] meaning See also.A3. The indicating the vowel with an obscure sound: (I'Al~ p. 351:) l; ! j.j in pausing after a .;l i. q. AW [The foam of the mouth of a camel]: (1 :) mentioned also in art. .Al [as word that is --.- or j~ is from ; Jl-,I; writtenlt3j, and signifying slaumr]. (TA.) signifying 4.: Sb says that those of whom one ;.j [pl. of ;, which signifies Seehing, &rc.; says 5IJI _*lj [They slurred the rvowel-sound] act. part. n. of 1:] i. q. .aJ [pl. of JLb]. are induced to do what this signifies [instead of suppressing the vowel-sound entirely] by eager- (TA.) ness to exclude it from the case of that which is sec c1;: what next precedes. necessarily made quiescent in every instance, and to show that its case is, in their opinion, not like ;! pl. of oSU. (TA.) See .. the case of that which is made quiescent in every instance. (M.) [See also 4 in art.j.] ;l i. q. ji.L (S, M, K) [aceord. to the P$ A ptlace of seeking or searching: but it s,hould be 2. L .. (Mob, 1) followed by ;f ", (Msb,) and (1) & . -L *;4, (IAar, g,) I.e H, observed that i.~L is an inf. n., and also a n. of made such a one to seekl, seek for or after, or place and of time: also that;l; is expressly said in the Mob and TA to be an inf n. ofIjl1, thonghl dexire, thAe thing. (IAr, S, Msb, AndA.) not in the S nor in the M: and that it is meni.th He meditated, intended, purposed, desired, or endeavoured, to. do one thing after another. tioned in the K1 in the beginning of this art. as syn. with;. in the sense of ;iL, and at the entl (V.)-And.;4 He tarried; paused; tarried m .A ]. One and waited or expected; or was patient, and of the art. as signifying the same as says,,~,JJ! : -tiqJll ,a q [which may mcan tarriedand waited or enpected. (i.) 150'

..

1194 lie isfirm, or steady, in renpect of the place of standing; far-aiming in respect of the place of seehing: or, agreeably with an explanation voce ;~, he is onte who doen not quit his station, or abode, without necessity, though far-aiming &c.: 1 but it is obvious that both lUlJI and. l.lW may here be inf. na.]. (TA.) .;p. Sought, sought for or after, or desired. (MhI,.)

'03i-

JS]

[Booz I.
(T, S, M, g,) and &1;,, (, M, Ig,) aor. .

1. o1j, [aor. 1j,] inf. n. ;, It (an affair, or event,) was, or became, hard, difficult, or .,r,ere. (TA.) _ And L:' '1 Our night wras, or became, wry cloudy apnd hot. (Th, M, TA.) ~See also Oii in art. OOJ. ';,j, (so accord. to a copy of the T, [if correct, an inf. n. used as a simple subst., see above, first sentence,]) or V ;3J, (so in another copy of the T, and accord. to the ]1,) with damm, (1],) llardness, ditfficdty, sevaerity, vehemence, or inrenatness: (T, V :) pl. O.Jj, (T, and so in a copy of the 1],) or O .j. (Cl].) [See also Lj.] C,,j signifies [or signifies also] The fiu,.thest 7part of a ;U- [q. v.]. (Yoo, J.) Ca%: see the next preceding paragraph. 3; The greater, main, principal, or chief, pMrt of a thing. (M, ].) - And llardness, d.ifficulty, or severity, of a thing, or an affair, or event; and grievousnesu thereof: so in the sayinsg, Ali J ~a ; 1 L [MIay God remore.fromn thee the hardness, &c., and the grievousness, of this thing, or oaf.ir, or crenlt]. (M.) [See also - And The utmost limit, reach, or degr.e, of a thiing, in respect of heat, or cold, or in other respects, as when said of grief, or of war, or the like: and hence is said to be taken the name zJjl [or ij, without JlI, (see 5.1 in art. Oj,) as though it were a contraetion of L.,] given to [the moeth] Jumddd-l-Akhireh, because of its intense cold [when it was so tnamed]. (TA.)

(..) Accord. to Sh, as is said in th%T, (TA,) · *.*5 11 ·0 -.,I jU j,M, (S, TA,) as also ~j;I -.s, (K,) signifies A day that is easy, (g, TA,) or 7pleasant: (TA:) thus having two contr. meanings: (K:) and Sh cited a verse of En-Nabighah ElJa*dee as an ex.: but .AIeyth disallowed jU_jtl as having any other meaning than grief, and difficulty or the like; and he disallowed also the verse cited by Sh [as being an ex. of the meaning that he assigned to it]. (TA.) _ Also A voice, or sound: (S, K:) and cries, shouts, or noises, and clamour. (TA. [In one place, in the TA, Cs, thus written, without any vowel-sign, has also this latter meaning assigned to it: but the context seems to show that this is a mistranscription.])

infn. ;., (ait1 PA inf. n. Zj, or ai, (accord. to different copies of the T, [the former app. indicated to be the ri ht by what is said in the next sentence,]) or ge, (M, [probably also correct,]) ]Ie brought a'ter to his family: (8, M, 1:) [but in the T it is implied that the meaning is like that of the phrme here following:] .. . t $, (1lSk, T, S, K,) nor. as above, (ISk, T, S,) inf. n. aj, (so in the TA,) lIe dren water for the people, or party. (ISk, T, 8, I.) You say, , w° with fet-h to the j, (S,) or ... j, (so in the T,) meaning WVhence i. your providing of yourselves with water? (;131 t, JJ;X ,;s*: T, immcdiate ly after the latter of the foregoing phrases; and S, a .a .--immediately after the former of them:) so says .. ?jlI; and its fem., with ; and .UjUi1: see ISk. (T.) And e L; .I1 . j Ise drew water the next preceding paragraph, in four places. upon the camel. (M. [See acL..]) - And LSfj , pj j,_ He is overcome, subdued, or sub- 41'l, aor. ..v, [inf. n., app., Lij,] lie (a jected. (V.) [. . here is a contraction of camel) bore, carried, or convyced, wvater. (Mqb, from &,; having for its aor. as a TA.) - Hence, (Mqb, TA,) .,1 3g.j, (T, dial. var. of ,t1; having for its aor. see .8M, Mgl, rb, . andA , (T, M, ae: N,fgh,) art. 0j'.] c'*,(MA,) aor. ., (T,) inf n. I,.j; (T, 8, M, Mghl, K ;) and V (M, K;) lxIth signify the same; (.;) lie bore in his memor#oy, know'ing l,y heart (,.,) and transmitted [orally], related, recited, or rehearsed, the tradition, narratirve, or sto,y, (Mob, TA,) and the poetry, (TA,) [as learned, or heard, or received,] from him; (MA;) [he related, recited, or relc,arted, the tradition, &c., and the poetry, by heart from him:] you say to a man, ;;iJI :t [" Recite thou the ode"]; but you do not say, ;1 unless you mean thereby Relate thou it by heart. (., TA.) [One says also, a 5, meaning It has been related as heard, or received, from him. And It k$3j, and I tL -qj'., meaning It has been related, and it is reli ted, (othern.iste, i. e.) thus; withi the substitution of such a word &c.: and often meaning it has been read, and i -is 1 read, &c. And 1.b 1,j U meaning Accordinig to one relation, or wray of relation or relating, thus: and often meaning accordingto one reading, ths.] Ja (M, ,) [or. ol, in£. n.

423;

.jo&l, or .oJ1, and -i;b1:

see art. j'.

1. *

:lJI> k5.3, (T, ., M, Mgh, Mob, g,) and

%

C.111, (M, K,) aor.

j, (T, S, Moh, g,) inf. n.

L5j (T, S, M, Mgl,,' g) and US, ($, g,) or the

former is a simple subst. and the latter is the inf. n., (MNb,) or the latter is an inf. n. and also a simple subst., (M, K,) and qg, (., M, ]:,) the last erroneously written, in [some of] the copies of the X1, ¢,l as though it were a pret. verb [like JS;]; (TA ;) and * .S;It and *t .P; (S, M, Mgb, V ;) all signify the same; (T, S, M,' Msb, K ;) [or the last probably has an intensive meaning;] le was satisfied, or he sati.!fied himself, nnith drinking of water [and of anill]; he ~iJI: mse the opinions of IAr and Sb re(lrank theorof enough to quench, or satisfy, his specting its derivation in art. J'. [It is said in thirst; contr. of ;C. (Mgh in explanation of 5.J (M,) lie trvisted tahe rope: (M, ][g:) or he thle $ and 1. in art. .), that there is no word twvi.sted the rope nell, or thoroutghly, or stoutndly. .. , (M,) or --J, like it except 1 .] You say l;.il -j,! (T, the first.) And ,.l;l 0.is o ar, s (S, M, TA,) in the (TA;) and 'tiS;3 (M3 , ;) (M.)~, M, g) and 't1U , (, M,) and LiUjjI aJ (],) oQ1J '; copies of the g, erroneously, J_.l, (TA,) lie [The plant, or herbage, or the t.eest had plentifil (T, ~, M, g) and 1 ZU5,, (M,) A day, and a bound the man (S, M, g,* TA) with the rope irrigation:or] i. q. ,Zj [i. e., became flourishn,ight, hard, difficult, seere, distressing, or grieving and ficest, luxuriant, juicy, succulent, or called .j. (M, TA) upon the back of the amnel, out: (]l, , TA:) or vehemently hot and grievsappy]; (M, 1~ ;) or became bright and fresI, by (S, g,*) lest he shouldfall (S, M, C,0 TA) from ous: (T, TA:) or that has reached the utmost the camel (M) in contequenee of his being orerpoint, or degree, in respect of joy, or grief, or reason of plentiful irrigation. (TK.) - 3L.~J come by sleel. (S, M,* TA.) And i ' and ?t g31j and ' k3 a;re also used metaplhoriheat: or hard, deifiult, or severe, in respect of .~~~5 . U *" cally, as meaning t He wass, or beca me, in a good ererything; in respect of heat, or cold, or clamnour, Slils, aor. $.,jl, inf. n. .J, I bound the/ °j cries, shouts, or noises [J'c.]. (M, TA.) You state or condition; and in the enjoyment of much ujpon the leathern water-bag, or pair of leathern say also [virtually] meaning the same: ease, pleatsantnecu, softness, or delicacy, of life. water-bags, called k.' (T.) You say, LS¢; I.s &. X is (OP :) [or this may mean A day of clamour, &c.; (Ilar p. 100.)--'jjj.3 %1-, inf. n. L.5;; ind '? jt; He bound him, or likewise metaphorical, meaninog t I have become, as will be seen from what follows.] t* 3Ul -. or I became, disgusted [or satiated to loathing] it, with the rope [called siji as is implied in the occurs at the end of a verse of a rajiz: this may with this thing, or afhair. (· and TA in art. M]. (M,* TA.) And ea iA fIjj 1 i be [by poetic license] for u3jl .1, or for ., &.m.)-See also a verse cited voce jl, (p. [lia bounid the .lj upon the camel]; like *a1j. - ,.a. ..- l,a, VU&j1 -*W occurs at the end of a 85,) in which LS ,t~.jI: and t is made trans. by means of (TA.) And V 3jjI He bound a load with the .o. (TA.) l- & verse of En-Nabighah El-Ja~dee, for :tf ' ji" j; .. [that particle in the place of .. -·

i.]

e,, eUJI

u]~~. (u.

*' . .

BOOK I.]

L5i
00'

1195 in relation to plants or herbage, or to trees, The itate state of having plintiful irrigation; or of beiny flourisling andfresh, luzuriant, juicy, succulent, floui-Ulting Dr or sappy, by/ reason of plentiful irrigation.] kj a. c A source abounding witk water. (p.) :. z . See also art. Lk.
4

2. i.~ inf. n. "j3: see 4, in two places:
[Tlhe day of providing oneself with rater;] the eighth day of Dlau-l-tijfieh; (T, Myb;) the day bqfore tiat of 'Arafeh: (M:) so called becautise they (the pilJJ, grims, T) used to provide thiemselves ( the of T, M, or t ' .~, , Mqb, and so in a copy S, ), on that day with water 9j T, or t (T, ., M, s M,h, ]) for the aftertime, (., Msb, g,) and to rise and go, or when rising to go, to Mint, where is no water, [or, aeeord. to the Meb, whiere was little water,] therefore they provided thlemselves fully withl water, or therefore they providedl thiemscives withi water from Mekkeh for the alighting and abiding at Mind: (T, accord. to two different copies:) or [it means the day of consideration, or thougit; (ftrom anothier signtifieation of the verb, as will be seen from what follows;) and is so called] because Abraham was considering, or thinking upon, his dream
and 5. [Hence,] kJ
.0

be satisfied, with drinking of water [and of milk]; he satisfied, or q,enched, his(another's) thirst, by a drink, or draugaht, of water [and of milEk]; (M,* MA, Mqb,* ~,*0 KL ;*) he did away with his thirst [thereby]. (H.ar ubi suprL.) One says of a she-camel abounding in milk, i. L . J.I [She satifies the thirst of the young chliild]: becaulse he sleeps in the beginning of the night, and they desire that her flow of milk may be early, before his sleeping. (M, TA.) [And in like manner, 1ljI is said of water, and of milk, &c., meaning It satisfied Iis tlitrst.] - [Hence, ,g,jl and? S.j signify also Ile tatered, or irrigated,plenatifuUy a plant, or herbage, or a tree; or rendered it flourishing and frexh, luxuriant, succulent, or sappy, by plentiful irrigation: see 1, second sentence.] - See also 2, in the middle of the paragraph. ~iAnd see 1, last three sentetnces.

Lli: dlates vhen they , = jiS: a, see'i. -DS ripen [after they have been cut o.;] not ,peon ,ipen (TA.) their palm-trees; as also t.. W J, in art. Lq. Q3;: see q; (T, S, M, ]K [in this last im:,*; and VtLq; properly said to be like .jl, which is without

You 5. Lj.3: see 1, first three sentences. proThey meaning [on that day], say also, I;j3 and I.j, ?t.$,- ' aL4) (*tO· .~ and on the ninthi he knew [lthat his dream was vided tiemseldves with water. (M.) And yLS from God], nnd on the tenthi lie desired to act !.QI 4PA 7; (Msb, and so in a copy of the ). (g. [And T; see 2, second sentence;) or ,tHl ep [aeeording to his dcream] ('0 j.; in a similar mainer it is explained in the Kshi (S and 1g; see again 2, second sentence;) [They/ and by Bd in xxxvii. 101. See also 2 in art. 1.]) used to provide tiemselves with water:] and .. ., ' 0.t. .. :s1, (T, ;ljI V,l*33;b J. S . [WThence do ye provide . and eA k 1"*jJl~ -H (T and 8; see 1, in the water?]. or for yourselves TA,) ile moistened [his hea(l, app. much, saturated it, i.e. its hair, mith oil, or grease, and middle of the paragraph.) - And aLUIl -.sf the broken, or crun"bled, bread with gpease, or ti [The morsel was imbued, or soaked, with ' JI tj, (T, S, M, Mg.!, Jr,) cilarified butter]. (En-Nadr, TA in art. g,.ry]. (TA.) -. ) ,;- in art. Si,) or of tilh .%j 1:ja[for 113, (see (M, Mghi, Mbh,) inf. n. as above; ,..JI..ll , and the latter in 1, see 'JI: and )i,t3 - Jmo 1 1 ($;) and oq ° 1j ; ($, ]K;) Ie1made hi7m to half of the paragraph. ,Ltu. ;4i: see 8. - measure jt; from Uj1, (see gar p. 24,)] i. .q. * ,.elate by heart thic )poetry, (S, M,*Mgh,'* , [as meaning A pleasing, or goodlly, aspect; ';j . 3j5;j: see 2, in two places. TA,) and the tradition, ur'ative, or story; or beauty of aqpet]: so in the phraso Jt;ji J ; (M, Mgh, TA;) he made himn to bear in his 8. U4jjl: see 1, first and third sentences: [A man having a pleasing, or goodly, aspect]. (..) -.a memory, hnonring by heart, and to transmit, and see also 5, in two places.- iAa...ll 31jI '.1 .j A rope with which the two leathern waterrelate, recite, or rehearse, (Msh, TA,) the poetry, Tle palm-tree, haring leen planted in a hollow (TA,) and the tradition, narrative, or story; dag for the purpose, was watered at its root. bags are bound upon the canel: (T:) or a rope~ (Mqb, TA;) [or he taught him to do so; i. e.] lihe (Lth, T.) m It (a rope) was twisted: (MI, :) with wkich goods, orfurniture, or utensils, .c., (T, poetry, the ;$) ( cart by l soundly: him, or are bound upon the camel; (Q, I;) and witl related to or was twiuted well, or thorovuhly, story, or was or which a man is bound upon a amsel, lest he ($:) narratire, strands: TA,) and the tradition, (M:) or was thick in its very and thick, and should fall in conequence of his being overcomw shouldfaU strands, many of the compo.ed for (TA,) until he retained it in his moenory, lpy ,y sleep: (M, and H.am p. 321 :) or one of the His :,l o· urpose of relating it by heart [as learned, or compact. (Lth, T.) - And ',L i.olm of the [tent called] .l1: and sometimes the *.o1p heard, or received,] from him*. (T, TA.*) And joints (those of a beast, T, or those of a man, $) i.j.JI Lit;. [V'e had the traditiS, narratie, were, or became, well-proportioned and thick; load is bound theremith upon the camel: accord. to AIn, it is thicker than vcwll-opes: (M:) and ;) and so ? .;j3. (M, 5.) or story, reiated to ius by heart; and in like man- (T, ., V.s; signifies the same: (T, g:) pl. of the ,q: ncr, 1aJl the poetry]. (Mqb, TA.) . 3j: see ;1. fonner aoj; (T, ., 1g;) and of * the hIstter former p'. 1, (1, K~, [thoetgh Freytag, represents thie verb also see eand follows: next kS·: see what Lqjt,- (T;, 5,) i. e. LS35 and 1,p . (TA.)_ being in the Io,withont tesldee4, and Golius Ras See also :,1j. explains the verb nearly in the same manner with art S) (TA,) alove, us n. inf. teshlideed,]) and witlhout iJ, said by Esh-Sh6mee, in his " Seereh [of LS.$j: see :Id. -Also A full, or complete, S.j: 1 Ite looked into the thing, or affair, or case; 8, . (z , J*-' inspected it; eamined it; considered it; or the Prophet]," to be also with d.amm [i. e. tV5, drink. (g, TA.) You say, .jU (MF, 1J], for l, like CTA.) TA) I drank a full, or complete, drink. thought upons it; (., M, ], TA;) deliberately, which is anomalous, :) Mghl,* M, ., (T, CpS: of - And A cloud of which the rain-drops are n. inf. an is TA,) or leisurely; without haste; a dial. var. of A,. from that verb large, subst. a simple 1) (M, also and large, (l, X,) and lvehement in their fall; like [q. T.]: (M, TA:) [and de ?,.j 3 app. signifies [meaning The state of being satisfied with drinkpl. a t. (TA.) - And, accord. : the same :] see .J- in the formeJ half of this ing of water and of milk; the state in which one LC ; (S:) to rwho gives to drink; or a waterer; One IAar, paragraph, in an explanation of kj3jZ A.. is sati~fted with dr'inking or drink; the stati of 'G: [in one copy of the T, in the place of having drunk enough to quench, or satidfy, the syn. O1': (MA) 3 "01 4. *1;:? (M, MA, Mb, : ]) as explanatory of E,ll1, I find JU'l, . .. l;l as )thirst]. (M, Msb, ](.) Ooic says, i_ ;) OL gIary and (KL, :I'Q; n. inf. is C>*], he . UIt which in [and 0r . [Such a one is in a state which I think an evident mistranscription:]j V1j (MA, MNb) &, (MA,) inf. n. satisfied with drink and food]. (T, A, TA, all in and Weak: - and Sound in body and intlkdlect. p. 67;) and? Also The [fanda33j,; (KL;) He satisfed him, or made kim to art. ,,W.) - [Also, as is indicated in the 1P &c., (All three from the T.)

.j (M, g) Sw,eet water: ($:) Lenweenj) and t tenween,]) or water that causes him who comes to it to return with his thirst satisfied; (T, ;*) applied only to water that has a continual increase, and does not water become exhausted, nor cease: (T:) or abundant water, that ati.fies the thirst. (Mi, .. )[Hence,] 'ljjl is a name of Tte well of Zemzesm. QC, (Q, TA.)_ And .·jI, (so in the TA, as from the ](, and as mentioned by Az on the authority of IAgr, [but I have looked for it in vain in two copies ot the T, app. ,j, or perhaps 9 .I/, like the Pers. 1;j, for one of these two may be from the other,] 1JJ1, 1 or tjj, (so accord. to my MS. copy of the ]C and acecord. to the T]~, [but this I thtink very dubious, itecord. avid and still more strange is the reading in the CId, whieli which is ,j,]) Abundance of herbage, or of t/i. goods, conwn.ienees, or conmforts, of life. (1h.)

1100
1

LiJJ

Boo I. (Boor. 1

nental] rhyne-letter; ($, M, f;) the letter u/7o0 n(T, M, Mgh, M b, 1;) &Rati.fied with drinhtin 7 [but it is disputed whether this be the primary or 9 which the ode isfounded, and which is indijspen [ofwater and of milk d&c.]; having drunk [thereof ]proper signification, or whether it be secondary sable in eery verse thereof, in one place; as enou.lg to quench, or satisfy, his thirst; contr. of' or tropical, as will be shown by what follows:] for instance, the [final] in the verse hen e Ic,Lk:: (8, Mgh :) fem. (, CT, M, Mgh and also a man vho draws water (A Obeyd, T, following: Msb, ,) in which the j is not changed into: TA) for lhis family: (TA:) the i is affixed because the word is an epithet; for it is change( I [,IJ, i. e. for the purpose of transferring the into, only in a sobst., of the measure sLW, 0f word from the category of epithebts to that of subwhich Lj is the final radical, as in S9 ; so tha tstantives; or] to give intensiveness to the si6gni[plnen the wealth of the man becomes little, iu if it were a subst., it would be gj; (S, M; fication: (Msob:) pl. 'j;; [by rule , being friends become few, and, together writh the eyes originally : (M:) as to tj that is thougilh t originally of the measure jl;, not j;hJ]. (S, the/Lngers make signs to him]: (Akh, M:) [whemi to he used as the proper name of a woman, it is M, TA.) Also A i,. [or lcr,tlern ater-cbag] two or mor letters are indispenlalblc to tle thlus used, an epithet, (A,'Olceyd, T, S, M, Mgh) comlpotsed like Iltl and 1Ll ol f ft7ee shins, rhyme, only one of them is thIs termedl, nccordlinE ,though without the article JI. (?,' M:) the pl (Mthl,) containinw water; (I, K;) so called as to rules fully explained in the AI and in the is (T, 5, M, Mgh, Mb, ],) withl kesr and being the receptacle in whbich is the water borne by the camel [thlus called]; (A'Oheyd, T;) or the treatises on versification:] IJ mentions i3jJ as medd., (S,) in measure like *1 t, (Mtib,) mansc i.lp*is tins termed by the vulgar, but this its pi.; but [(18d says,] I thtink him to have stated tlis carclessly, and not to have hcard it aind fem. (Mgh, MEb.) You say c,l >Ai3i npllication of tihe worl is allowable as meta[A people, or party, sati.fied n-ith drinking '! rlplhoriecal: (S:) or it signifies a Iair of suck from the Arab.. (M.) One says Js. :jd;ji .rater-bhag (v,l [see io. in nart. jJj): (T:) Alid A i and j J..1 ,saJ [Tiro odes constructed ipon one rhym.c- nwater]. (S.) letter; or haring one jfbundameatal rhyine-let. [A plant, or herbage, and trees, having plentifri [accord. to ISdl,] it is applied to tlhe ;blj, and ir7igation: or flouurishing and frak, luxurtiant, tlilehto the camel, becaise of the nenrness of tho ter]. ($.) Juiry, succulent, or sappy, by reason of plent5ifel latter to tilhe former: (M:) or its lprimary applica3il [an inf. n. of LS1;, q. v., when utised as a irrigation: see the verb]. (M.) - [Hence,] tiogi is to the camel: (S, Mgh:) accord. to some, Pubst., meaning A relation, or recital, &c.,] has 1ij signifies also t Fall offat and lcsh. (JM.) its application to the camel is plroler; mnd to the i>5a, tropical: accord. to others, the reverse is for its pl. t,j;. (JM.) See LI, last sentence And you say j &.j 1 [A plumpfa,c]; an exthe ca'e: (AMF,TA:) the pl. is lJlj3, as above. but one. pression of displnisc [app. whllen relating to a (M4hi, TA.) -One says of a weak person who -' i A want, or thieing wante(l: (A'Oheyd, T, is in easy circumstanoes, a;dwIl m L, mcaning to a youth, or to a woman, or a limib of a woman, so in the sayinig, ad,, C) , lIa is upntable to turn bach the i!j, [or camel [WVe have meaning plumep and juicy, is used by way of bearing a trater-bag or plir,qf water-bagx,] nota want to be sulilied to ws on the part of such a praise]: opposed to ], ;i ja..e (A and TA in withstandinig its being heavily burdenetl by tho one; meaning se want a thing of such a one]: art. [of.) And Je ik e esd t [A troman water that is upon it. (Mf.) - And the Prophet (A'Obeyd, T:) and ilL3 U [WVe hare a full, or plunip, in the place of the anklet]. (.iM.) applied the appollation S.1 lvl; [T(Te camels Irant to bie aupplied to Us on thy por1; ire icaut aj. t A horse fat in the portion bearing waterfor the irrigationof the countries, a thing of thee]. (S.) - And The remainder of r And isl of flesh and sinaews next the back-bone on cach or the wautter-bags borne by canmels.for the irrigaa debt nnd the like. (S.) Also, (S,) or I tion of tie countries,] to t the clui,d,x by way of side. (T.) ,, (M, 1Z,O) thus usually pronounced witilcomparison. (TA.) -Cl;; is also applied as an out ., [ori.inally i ,] Inspection, e:at?aina- awi[as the act. part. n. of j;] is used in rela- appellation to t The chiiejf of a people; (IAqr, tion, consideration, or thotylt, of an affair; tion to water [as mcaning Bringing, or one who TIh, T;) as pl. of LJjt,; the chief who bears the (S, M, g;) withorwt haste: (M:) pl. I (JM, brings, 7aoter to his family: and drawing, or one burden of the bloodwits owed by the tribe being who draws, water for others: and a camel oarryTA.) You say, LA, ^ uu u [lHe ing, or tiha car7iest, likened to the camel thus termed. (T, M.*) A water; wience the subst. went at randon, heecdlesly, or in a headlong Temeemee, mentioning a party thiat had attanked 1, q. v.]. ($, TA.) - And [Ience] it is used mnanner, without considetattion]. (A in art. -. 9.) .Li,l;i. lljjl in relation to poetry (T, o, aI)and to tradi. his tribe, said. lI;jIl sec a0 near tde end. [See also a ej' in art. also mcaning [11 e encountered them, and] ne slecr the tions or narratives or stories (T, M, Mgh, 1g) [as I,".) or to meaning A relater,reliter,or erer,by heart, chiefs, aged gave ipermision; to ijccpii/i, plunder, the houses, or tents. (T.) _ lIA, of poetry, also and of trditions, or narratives or stories, :1;~ A man whose habitual wrorh, or occulearned, or heard, or received, from occirs another]: in a trad., and in wlhici it is said, Q1311 A pation, is the drawing of water by nCeans of the like iin manner lo, but in an intensive sense .1 ,,1Jj, and accortl. to soine, it is, in this k31j [q. v.]: you ay, AjX1 1.,, m..[Thes peOple's [as meaning a lcre, or copioux, relater or reciter instanoe, pl. of 3J1 (JM, TA) in the first of the h,lalt,,al dirawe'r of woter by meats of llt hiei or reheartie, &c.]; (T, S, M, M1gh, 1(;) i.e. senses explained above; so that the meaning is, conic]. (T.) LAnI yo s (T, TA ;) as in the phrase ajn t The wrorst of tho.s nwho catrrl tidings are thos i [originally d;;] A shecet od,our (T,M, K) who carrjy false tiilings; suchl persons being taoUa.th,5 [a man who is a large, or ropions, likened of nnything. (T. One says of a woman, ia1 to the hcasts so called, in respect of the relatnr ic. of poetry]: ($:) the pl. of/,j is ise. fatigue that they undergo: (JM :) or it is pl. of abl i, meorynnin Vtrily e sher is sweet e tlcn;t who has t s;printend[he odour of her body: and hence thi saying of emra- ($, TA.) = Also OmtV tv!a; (JM, TA;) and the meaning is, the worst ence, manageteut, or eare, of lorses e. .. el-wigeys, of thoughts are those that are untrue, not right, Jefl 1 fe [strangely rendered by Frcytag, who nor tending to good: or it is pl. of t .lj; and * , ' ~ 3 ''1 the meaning is, the worst of relations, or recitals, are those that are untrue. (JM.)_See i. . also ll;. [WhIe they stand, the fragrance of mush is dif- k&j A cancel, (A'Obeyd, T, S, K(,) or a mule, fised from tihem, like the breath of the east wind or an anw, (8, and so in tlhe nwith the exception [utii see the next paragraph, in two places. s that has brought the #seet odour of the clore]. of" and" for "or,") upon which water is drai n: or (T, ra M, Msb, (A'Obeyd, T, e, K: [see e L:]) or a camel that il ,) originally [at,tf,l of (T.) It i also femn. of edin (T,h M, &c.) carrieswrater; (M,* Mgh, Msb;) and then applied the measure lail, ( M, Mb,) and ,, e(Lb, it.o; [originally t1oja] an epithet from tojJ; to any beast ulon which nater is lrawn: (Msb:) M, (,) The female of the Jmaj, (E-Aitmar,

c

f1,

(m,)

34.

Boor I.]

LS]J- -J--,i

I17

A'Obeyd, T, $, M, Msb, 1,) which means mountaig-oaut: (TA:) or thefemale and the male; the former of which is also called ji, and the latter 3j; (AZ, T, Mb ;) and which are of the [lind ea'lld] i; not of the [kind called] ,: (AZ, T :) plt. ;lj, (El-Abmar, A'Obeyd, T, $, M, Msb, !~,) of the measure 3jcrtj, (S,) a pl. of pauc., Msb,) applied to three (El-Ahmar, A'Obeyd, T, ft, M, 1)aaid more, to ten [inclusive], (El-ALhmar, A'Obeyd, T, M, .K,) and $ l, applied to many, (El-Ammar, A'Obeyd, T, S, M, Msb, .K,) of the measure , , MI , , Mb,) erroneonsly held by Abu-l-'AshilMs to be of the measure 5W; (M;) an irregular pl.; (MIsb, l ; or [rather] it is a qIuasi-pfl. n.; (M, K;) and ,5jlbl is a broken pl. (M.) It is also a proper name of a woman: and .ll so in * . (..) ece B.:.g;: see l, in two places. JS) 1. ~ and 9./, inf. n. of the former ,. and of the laltter 3iJ, are botlh of them verbs relating to 3 , 11I: (T:) you say, ,6l1ll [and 1;,] I mnade the a,l [q. v.]: (M, TA:) the imperativo of is #1,, and that of t i -.. is jj: and the pass. part. ns. are *.j4 and
S .,

i;: see

oj, in art.

L5j.

HIe feared, or nas on his guard against, such a one. (M, K.*) _ See also 3 in art. t.qb'

1.: see ;;,

:t J a subst. from ;1 mentioned above: (M, · an inf. n. of db [q. v.]. (T, Mi, g; all in .K:) [i. ce.,it signifies Sisht; &c.; like Q;:] and ;, 3 is said by MF to be like it; but this is a art. Lt5J.) mistake, occasioned by his finding ;l1, in a verse, tj: see art. kSJ. miswritten for .JtL.(TA.) - [Sec also n.] 9,9 t,ej : 1 see Cbj, in art. S a j. 1ilJ ;j..aS: see art. 1j.
tlj 1: : see uj, in art. . 1. .1;_, (T, S, M, &tc.,) nor. , (M, Mgh,

in art. iS J .

A J:

sec art. S.2J

.Jta, each applied to a banner. (T.)
2: see 1, in three places.~ You say also,

i; tjj I made a,; (M;) or I rote a . (TA
in

aJ; ;

i.l

I4)

Mib, V,) inf. n. , (T, M, Migh, AMsb, &c.) and '1;: see what next follows. a.O, (M, I~,) or the latter is a sinmple subst., .1;, (T, S, M, Msb, IK,) and o.l;, mentioned by (S, Msb,) It (a thing) occtiioned in me diuluiet, Sb on the authority of Abu-l-Khiattib, the I of disturbance,or agitation, of mincl: (Ksh and Bd aIlj, though a substitute for thie medial radical, in ii. 1 ) [this is the primary signification; (see [i. c. t.,] being likened by him to the augmenta;) a signification also borne by t il..ti; (see tive I, aud therefore the final radical is made ., the verses of Kh&lid cited in this paragraphi;) like as is done in the case of 'Li, &c., (M,) A whence the other significations here expl. in wilat banner, or standard, (T, S, M, Mib, K,) of an follows:] it (a thling) made me to ldoubt: (Mhsb: anmny: (MRb :) accorld. to some, (Mqb,) origi- and in like mainer $l;is expl. in thile Mgh :) or nally with ., [see adl, in art. j1,] though it (a thing, M) caused me to have what is tcrmned pronounced by the Arabs without .; (T, Msb;) a. 4 [i. e. doubt, or suspicion or evil opinion, or but others deny this, and say that it has doubt comnbined nvit/ls supicion or evil opinion]; not been heard with .: (M,b:) pl. .Q1; (M, As also v A,II: (M, K: in both of whichi this .Mb,I..) and [coll. gen. n.] V I. (M, .) _ meaning is indicated, but not expressed:) but the latter is said by Lth to be bad: (T:) or, (T, M, Also A ;i,3. [app. here meaning collar]: (.:) or a thing that is put upon the neck (Lth, T, M, Msb,) accord. to AZ, (T, Mlb,) the former signi.K) of a runaway mtale slave, (M, ],) to show fies he, (T, M,* ) or it, i. e. his case, (M,* Msb,) that he is a r unawoay: it is an iron ring, of the nade me to hnomv that there was on his part vwhat size of the neclk. (TA.) = It is also said to be an is termed a4 [i.e. sonething occasioning doubt, or suspicion or evil opinion, or doubt comnbined inf. n. of gilj: see this latter word.
with suspicion or evil opinion]; (T, M, MA1b ;) made me to be certain, or sure, of it (Mblsb :) 5. 0 ,' , -kie o3~ An odle of which the Sj [orfunda- and t the latter signifies made inmc to think tlhat there n,as in him witat is so termned; (SlI, T, M, mental rhy,te-letter] is j. (TA in ..A4 olA'l Msb, K ;) wvithout my being certain, or sutre, (f a4ut.) it: (Msb:) [Az says that] these arc the right .is and ka3: see ;;3j, in art. 5). explanations of the two plhrases: (T:) [or] the

.1j z.lgji; accord. to L1i, v1;; , [and so in the ]j, (see 1 in art. is$j, near thie end of the paraglra)l,]) but [lSd rays,] I lhold th;it thlis is anomalous, and that it is properly only jI; . stuck, or Ji.edl, [into the ground,] the banne', or standard. (M, TA.) 8. °;;!, [as though a contraction of ;I1,] for .t;: see ae, first signification. 10. like as
·,,~le..

4

'~, dim. of 4b.. (Lth, T.)

cJs':,- !see

the first paragraph.

latter signifies also £ ) j& a [he put into mne, i. c. into miy mind, doubt, ar suspicion &c.]; (Sb, M, ]g; and in a similar manner e;J is expl.

S!, '-.!

[as tiloughl a contraction ofn is a contraction of "':

.

i./'

1. ;1j (like j i, TA, [app. indicatinlg that its .Yam p. 363 :) and . signifies ."i 1, aor. is /$j, like jt,]) a dial. var. of L.Sj [He [I made doubt, or sutpicion &e., or that wrdic/ sam; &c.]. (M, I.) occasioned doubt, or suspicion &e., to conc to pP saUid in the CIg, in art. 5J, to be a pl. of him, or to reach hin]; (Ks;) [app. by some act; 2. ;jl4 2 i.q. ij l [q. v.]. (T, g.) j : see this latter word. for it is said that] 1 signifies .jjW ol [he di,l I, o, inf .n. iS, i.q. q t [app. to kSJ: see art. JJ'. m It is also said in the K, him a thing that occasioned doubt; or snxpici,nc mea ning Ile relaxed the comprexsion of his throat: &c.]: (YIam ubi supri:) or, (I,) accprd. to L.h, in art. $il, to be a pl. of i;j: see thlis latter word. or he relaxed the cord by which he was being the Arabs say, (M,) 1 or. inf . C.J [which app. seJ: seeart. SJ ~ It is also said in the K, throttled]: (M :) or .L;.. ' and ai 3 : when they speak allusively [wilt, in art. Ji$, to be a pl. of .51j: see this latter word. lias the former meaniug: or perhlaps means Ihe, or respect to the catmuse of doubt &c., not expressing -Also Beauty of aspect; (]K; and M in art. it, relieved his quinsy, so that he had room, or it,] (l' t3A [misinterpreted in the TA as nimeanLS. ;) accord. to limn who lholds it to be witih- fr'eedom, to breathe]. (.1.)--l-l j He wrote ing "when they affix a pronoun to the verb," for out .; said by AAF to mean beauty as implying aj. (TA.) the meaning here intended is clearly shown by ', [and therefore belonging to art. .. V]. (M 3. L6JJ Lb, (M, K,*) said to be formed by what follows,]) they prefix I [to the verb, saying in art. iS3. [See also ,Jl, AS.a]) in art. transposition, [i. e. firom S.lj7,] inf. n. i.l% (TA,) 9.14 , and %;oj, &c., expl. in the latter part of ,/!9: see Sj, first signification.

l.J,] for

in the latter;) or 'Li 1 ; [he mtle nm to [l think that which occationed doubt, or suspicion &c.]: (IS: and in like manner ~IJI is cxpl. in the

1108 this paragraph]; and when' they do not speak [0 my people, what aileth me with Aboo-Dhuallusively [with respect to the cause of doubt &c., cyb? I was (such that) tvhen I came to him butt express it,] (l , ill) they reject that after absence, or from being absent, hl wrould letter; but [so accord. to the M, but in the ] smell nry side, or my armpit, and pull my garment, as though I disquieted his mind with doubt, "or,"] it is allowable to say, 1, tjj'il; (M, or suspicion &c.]: (S and TA, in this art, and in ;) i. e., to prefix the I when the verb is made art. jt; but in the latter with j.S in the place of 1 trans.: (M:) accord. to A,, (T,) Lg" ) [signifies it is said in the L that ,1A1jt is he did wrhat msnde me to doubt, or to have doubt, its syn. .:) trans. and intrans.; and that he who makes it ors suspicion &c , aknd what I disliked, or hated; t for it] is said of a man when thou seest, on his trans. makes it syn. with .,1j; and thus it is in the saving of Khtilid cited above; the last hemipart, whlat makes thee to doubt, &c., (',d , still of whichl is also related thus: [or .i , CJ,]) and what thou dialikest, or hatest: (T, ) and Illbeyl el sy, (T, , Mqb,) or ."i t.I.l, as Ay says on the authority of 'Eesa

[Boox I. petted him, or thought rvil of him: (T, M, ] :) or he saw on his part [or in him] what caused him to have doubt, or suspicion &c.; u also I .J L'ws i e 4 t >,q43; (gar p. 257;) and at (s, and UIar ubi aupri:) the last used by [the tribe of] Hudheyl. (TA.) - [It often means particularly lIre was sceptical in matters of religion.]
L,S1;:

t. '.

Ibn.'Omar; (M;) and t -, and *t; 'j.

mean-

ing doublted: (Mb :) accord. to IAth, "1f 2.Jt [an evident mistranscription for I'l .lj] and t ill both mean 4 it uj d s e. the thing made me to doubt, and caused me to think that there was thag which occasioned floubt, or suspicion &c., in it]; hut when you are 4 certain, or sure, of it, vou say [only] I;, without (an incipienlt] : (1'A :) accord. to Lth, .;l;

[i.

10. ,.,oljZl He fell into that rwhich occasioned doubt, or nuspicion or evil opinion; meaning he feared so ttat he doubted of ,sfety or secrity: (H.ar pp. 25G and 257:) [he conceived doubt, or *, ., ,.i ;*i, xs,splicion or evil opinion :] he doubted: and becamnte infected with suspicion or erCl opinion. but t,t1l when intrans. signifies a'-, ;I (Idem p. 309.) See also 8. [meaning he did an act that occasionedl doubt, or ~;l Want, or need. (TA.) iHence, in a trad., susp,icit,n &c.]; like as I..4 signifies Ai.. I j .ql~ ,;.;J t l'lt/t is [the reason of] yo,u,r tant of [he did an act for which he was to be th blamed]: and agreeably with this significationr is hi.in? or your n:antinl to ash hi# ? (TA.) Atd, in . il C.1 J'hat is [the tw expl. the vcrse ascribed to EI-Mutalemmis, or to another trad., tl;ai Beashsllr Ibn-Brlurdeh, reason of] thy n,anti,g to cut it tff ? thlus, says El-K;ia!tllible, they relate it, with Iniamn to theo ,

,: but IAth savs that it is properly .It t, meaning the same: or, accord. to Aoo-Moos&, the right reading may Ihe j;t to, expl. in the [Thy brother is he who, if thou mahe him.n to preceding paragraph. ('rA.) .*'P, inf n. ',, signifies the thing, or event, 'doubt, &c., (or if thou do to him on act occasion. I[ipp. said'only of that which is evil,] betidled me, ing doubt, or suspicion &c., as expl. in the Yam ,. is nn inf. n. of 1, (1', M, Mgh, M.sh, &c.,) or,bfell me: plnd r.. ;, his affair. or case, p. 303, where t;. is plut in the place of -S,) as also t .j, (M, ,) or the latter is a simple says, Only I have done what occasions doubt, subst.: (, Mshb :) the primary signification of the brnught upon me doubt (. [in the TA ¢ i. e. &c.; and if thou act geutly rith him, becomes latter [and of the former also when it is used as a trril]) and fea'. (T.) It is said in a trad., of gentle]: thus the verse is correctly related: he simple subst.] is Disquiet, disturbance, or agitaF(timeh, ~ i 5t..?, , meaning That diawho relates it differcntly, saying t..jI, [and thus Sion, of mind: (Ksh nnd Bid in ii. 1 :) [and jl/ease and disquiets me whi.h dilspletase and dis- I find it in two copies of the T,] asserts that hence] the former signifies doubt; (T, S, Mlb ;) quiets her.' (TA.) And in another, respecting a ; C1 mcams if thlou nmake him of necsity to as also t the latter; (~, MIgh;) because doubt g.ezello lying curled in sleep, . ;,e , have ldoubt, or suspicion &c.; and t..jI B! [here disquiets, or distuirbs, the mind: (Ksh and a-l nmeaning No one shall oppose himself to it and said in the TA to be " with damm," but this is ulbi supra, and Mgh :) and opinion; syn. ,: disquiet it, or disturb it. (TA.) And in another, evidently a mistranscription for "with fet-l," (M.s,:) aild t the latter, (S, M, A, Mgh, K,) and the former also, (M, A, ],) loubt, or snspicion ,.ai ji 41'; Lt, i. e. Lhat disquieted thee and for it cailuot mean wit dainamm to the I, as ,! . A, Mgh, C) ronstrained thee to cut it qff? as Aboo-Moosia does not bear an appropriate signification, nor or evil opinion; syn. 13 (. M, thihks the phruse may be read: but see another can it mean with samm to the Zo, as the explana- and "i: (M, A, l(:) or the former, [nnd f the ,'ending vocc l. (TA.) And in another, to . tion relates to the reading of :..1 with fet-b to latter also,] doubt eombined wlith suspicion or evil thie ,,] means thou hast caused [me] to think opinion: ([Ath, TA:) and a thiiu, or an erent, that there nwas that rwhich occasioned donbt, or or a case, that ocaesions ones doubt, or suspicion 4 S ,;L lI, (Mgh, TA,") or, as some relate suspicion &c., when it was not decidedly necessary. or eril opinion, or doubt coambined writh suspicion (TA .) or evil opinion; i.e. ,1I '. jA$,; b: (S, TA:) it, ti ,i, (TA,) L e. Lave thou that 7which 4. a1s, as a trans. verb: see 1, in eight places. [in this last sense, the latter is the more common: causeth thee to doubt, (Mgh, TA,*) and occaAs intrans., it signifies He (a man) was, or hence,] lying is termed a.j in a trad. cited sioncth in thee A0l1, which originally signifies became, one in whomn was something occasioning above: se 1: (Mgh:) the t'pl. of the latter is disqniet, or disturbance, or ogitation, of mind, doubt, or suspicion or evil opinion, or doubt .. (Myb.) A man, and a thing or an event rand hence suspicion &c., and betake thyself to combinad with suspicion or evil olinion; i. e. or a case, is said to be ta a s [as meaning that which wimi not cause thee to doubt, &c.,for *d Ij ;: (Sb, T, , M :) and he did a thing /laving, in him, or it, something occasioning verily lying is a thing that occasions disquiet of that occasioned doubt, or suspicion &c.: (As, T:) doubt, or suspicion &c.]. (A.) ["- 'j often nmind, or doulbt, or suspicion &ec., and rerily it is said when one is told something of a person, occurs as meaning There is no doubt; without reracity is a thing that occasions tranquillity;] or thinks it, or im;agines it: (Myb:) see 1, in the doubt; undoubtedly.] - Hence, 'otp The bccause the mind is not at rest when it doubts, fornier half of the paragraph; and also, in three accridents, or evil accidents, of time, (Ksh and Bd but becomes tranquil when it is certain, or sure. places, in the latter part of the same paragraph. ubi supra, [in Fleiseher's ed. of the latter (Mgh.) And the Hudhalee, (;, TA,) KhlWid Ibn- Also It (a tling, or an affiir, or a case,) wnas, or became, one in which iras something occasioning e,t 1JI, which is more agreeable with the explanaZubheyr, (TA,) says, doubt, or suspicion &c.; ie. Ie S (T, O tion, but Ot&jl %" is more usual,]) that dixquiet, or disturb, the minds and hearts: (Kh :) t,~. I1 J~ I.I. or 1S. (M.) and O z1 ,.I (e , A) [which likewise signifies] 65: see the next paragraph. the accidents, or evil accidents, of time: ( :) and ,.aI ~. signifies the same; i. e. dh, (M, ] ,) 8. ,UjI lie doubted, ($, Msb, K,) &.e [reC ., ' 55, L5~ jq jj* 3j 4 t l %* ( 6, p~0 . 4 0 specting him, or it]. (S.) See 1, in the former or d , (T, Msb,) and , . (T. [This is .,j V A;.j.. f ;gS half of the pagrgrph. And ,t ,.pI3 HIe ess- said in the TA to be tropical; but I do not find
*
*-

t.;,ji :'j41 Sit ~A 6?~ lt; r3 3 J 6 a, S j ,

Bool L.] it so characterized in the A.]) - [Hence, likewise,] * ao siguifilies A want; a needf,!, or rnqiite, thiug, affair, or budines; syn. ho.. (., A, Ml), IX.) A poet says, ($,) namely, Kal, Ibn-Malik El-Anq4ree, (TA,)
Si >..*

]I!M9 coning to m. comin.q u. (T.)
And tj

dj .

j alqwi

,

*

F lr

'

.'

-

5, .

.40

*

Ui.JiS

""' S4 tardiness, dilatorinen, Slowness, tardines, dilatoriness, late?kp.**, l!te,s or backwardnw; contr. Of Uq-&; like [the backwardnes; of .. ; like [the is&#. in. that may be be a a dial. dial. var. var. of of 1IS: .1Ij: but but the the that *.±.Ij ftoljl may Z ; (yam p. 503;) i. q. 1.] (,.; am p. 503;) i.q. l. (tdem poet may mean [titat (Idem [that does not inake mnake a man slow, lorw, P. 64O.) [p. 040.) i.e.] ,~ JI:? I? ,. (M.) i. e.] ;.pit 4111 il-1b. · ~~~~~~~~ wliat next follows. followL 5.1;: see what sej: s tee next preceding paragraph, in six 2: sec 4. -. [Hence,] ,j l I., or, acord. l)lace. - [It often nmeans particularly Scepticism 4A,,applied to a man, (IAtr, to Lit JI [meaning He is %2-jp (1Aktr, ., M,) and, as no to one one relation relation,' ,iJt , [meaning He is in matters of religion.] some say, to anythling, (M,) Slow, tardy, dilalung in loolting or he pt.olonqs the bpoking, and he some say, to anytltin., (M,) Slow, tardy, dilalong in lookling or hec prolongs the looking, and he * a- .s ~d,e "~.A thingq, or an erent, or a case, that is long in mciitiotted as a tory, fury, late, late, or or backmard; backmard; (IlAr, (lAqr, T, T, ., ?, M, M, A, A, k ;) in looking &c. at me,] is mentioned friyhtens, or tet..:ies. (M, g.) as also V 1lj; (A, TA;) tlhe latter occurring in phruse used by one of die companiotis of Ke. 118 11180 %1J1;; tlbe occurriijg it&a hrduse the companions Ks.

lie aceomplised, dfr.om lTihdmeh, and from Kheyber: theLn tce gave rest. to outr swords]. ($.) [,,d mentioned by Freytag as applied in art. ,J,) of the S to a certain plant, and written #. in both of my copies of the S itn that art., is n mistake for ,..,1 whichl is the reading in thIe TA, pl. of .j.]

or, accord. to one sayving, t! t. %^JP , one relation of the sayinj. j:41 .. !1.a.P.A 1 -S i5i Cs in both cases being, the same, from the meaning being . n ri [i. e. Alany an act o f haste causes (lit. [Ilef ods not the affair difficult [lie finds dfficult #am same while while he he is .eIt; [i.e. Alany an act of embarking in it; and eawery command but that gi;ej) slownes, slownen, &c.;] ($;) (?;) or 1 it; and owry tha't gi;es) .W [occatuj S4M [occa- which which eseceds eweeds the bounds of rectitude As oktl.,t] the bounds of rectitude he obek.e]: result., slowness, &c.]: (A:) (A:) a a plroverb. liroverb. sions, as its result, tlxis mode of expression is common in fi.orn the following followin-0 saying (M, TA:) this (S, A.) And it appears fiomrn U,13i> the dial. of El-.Hijiz; accord. to of Maqkil Ibn-Khuweyli(i, the dial. of El-Vijiz; accord. to which which one one says, anyii, of Maqkil Ibn-Khuweylid, · · -. S as l ati Jta". o,, 1. e.i JALk J.a& ejt. 1l. (TA.) (See also an every want, "4 JAMU A5-"t ' ex. in a a',ver#e a.notlier in a it ver*e cited voce Z1C.1;, le-lj, and another

[Byfthy fk71 Ife, life, or by thy religion, assuredly deqpair despair verse cited voce
that is not slow in its issue is better than ltope hope that givm gives afalm afalse promise, p)romise, if if this be his mcaning meaning,]

.]

,.l; [act. part. n. of 1; Causing, or occasioning, doubt, or suspiction or evil opinion, &c] IApr says that Alhoo-Bekr is related to Ihave said, i Inis clarge to 'Omar, X 1. $'.y' ~.i., whiceh Ti explains as meaning Keelp thou to tlhat is clctr,freefrom dubiousnexs or confmsdness, m's, o' awml beware thou of, or avoid thou, wvhat hat in it dubiousness, or confusednlses, theretf: (T, TA:) thie first is from .,1I of vwhich the nor. is .,, said of milk; and the second is fiom .q1A of which the aor. is . (TA.) [See also n verse cited vocc S;lj in art. 'J and my remark thereon.]

4L4 He trad. (TA.) (TA. L5b ., 4 He trad. 6,6, j J1-P fell tlttprt, shlrt, or failed, of doing, accomplishing, fiell Joing, or arromplishing, r, 8, 1, (A,) 1'? ,j.o, (Fr, 8, K,) K,) or or O"' 1, (A,) A A nwhat was incumbent on him: and in like manner, Pchal tuas inctinabent him: ma A) sloyv mau (Fr, (Fr, $, A) slo,v of of siqht. siht. (Fr,$, (Fr, , A, A, l.) eye ,,p*l *. [He fell short, shorl, or failed, of accomplishaccornplish. !P.Ait 14 J;.LI, ; ,1 .?. CJIJJ b6 t1; [Surh [Such a a on* one is is viol not fii (Al.)-One (M.)__One says also,

ex.;ewt

(r. . .

CP&W

ing hix ipig hix offair]. offair]. its verb, verb, its
(TK.) (TK.)-

(M.)-And (M.)Attd

3

signifies signifies

Tlie licingfatinted,'tiped, beingfatigted, tired, meary, weery, orjatied: orjaded: (1:) ( .:) The
4, t.
.

person nftom person nitho aid aid is is deemed deemed slow, slow, tatdy, tardy, &c. &c.]. (A, TA.)

is said of a m11a3 or of of a a liorse. horse. is said of a iiiaza or is.- soi qn. with . is also syn. with em, e,3 [The [The
[It [It is is genemlly generally

(A, TA.)

rcndering a rendering a tlainthing SOP, sofp, &C.]. &c.]. CP) (K.)
4: 4: see last sentence.~ see 1, 1, last sentence. tramisitive.] tranmisitive.] You You say, say, aUt J1.1A tC (]g) (.K) and and

For For seveml several wortle worlds mentioned mentioned under under this this hend head in in oome some of of the the Lexicons, Lexicons, ace see

art. .

1 dLj t.
p, 2 in agriculture, agriculture, The The raising, raising, irigh .;, in frith else the

t.

(A) If'ltat made or hath madae iiaaile thee, slon, &low, (A) If'hlat made thee, or
[inpkme'nt gle [implement caikd.] called] h. 'q" % %.t, tle ridge# ridges tliatfutIkH that formn the the borders borders ofstreamlettior of streamletsfor irrigation. irrigation. (M.) (M.)

tardy, dilatory, dilatory, late, late, or or backward backward ? ? iplarded, retarded, or or tardy, delayed, thee? thee? or or kept, kept, or or held, held, tihee tises back? back? (A, (A, ,, applied to a man, (T, $, A,) and to a delayed, And Li l3 C to; TY'liat Wh lat retatded, retarded, or or dedething or an event, (M, A,) i. q. '4 )3 [expl. K.) And Uch WIJI Ittyed, flies l!yed, thee, thee, or or whal what kelpt, kept, or or lacbi, heldc, thee btick,ftom back,from above, voce,']. (T, ~, M, A.) Y. L15 l1 its? us? or or ivhat wvhat hath hath retardeti, retarded, &c.? &c.? (S.) ~ 1., in the gIur xxxiv. last verse, means 5: 5: see see 1, 1, in in two two places. places. Verily t/hey *rre in doubt causing to fall into 10. 'J'I suspicin or evil opinion: or it means & .5 10. di..Pt .:..,I 1Ie lIe deented, deemned, or or reckonefl, reckoned, hirn, himn, or or it, it, [having in it somnething occasioning suspiciou (namely, (namely, a a person, person, A, A, TA, TA, or or information, information, newg, news, &c.]: (Kshl and Bd :) or 5 ji [which means or or ti(lings, ti(lings, TAJ TA,) slow., slouw, tordy, tardy, dilatory, dilatory, late, late, or or the same: or attenlded with disquiet, or disturb- backw.at.d. backwar'd. (,0 (S,0 M, M, A, A, g,* ],* TA.) TA.) You You say, say, ance, or agitation, of mind]: (M, TA:) [see its L.Ai .ik" [Isouqht, [I sought, or or desired, desired, aid aid, verb, 4 :] it may be from the trans. or from the or or -succour, succour, of of kiin, hin, apid and 1 I did did not not deem deem him him intrans. verb. (Kslh.) low,v &c.]. &c.]. (A, xloyv, (A, TA.) TA.) U.* Doubting [or suspecting]. (Msb.)J-0 or .U A A space, space, or measure, measure, [oftime,] [of time,] Pyri.J.0 eyn.;.0, 0 16 [It often means particularly Sceptical, or a sceptic, (T, (T, M9b,) Mob,) orjWLs; orjl.si; (A, (A, ]i;) or or a a time, time, a a nshilm, nwhile, in matters of religion. . And I ,tr, , or ", syn. UL. '1 . (Mtrli.) (Mghi.) You You say, say, I.LS I. S W W te:jzAI t,i ';Ik¶, svn. Doubted of, or suspected.] i. e. * t (Msb) or AiriL. (Mgl) [1 i. granted g,ranted hitn him a a delay delay dtit.ipig during the the spare space qfhis of his doinq doing e4 .. i, i. e. such a thing]. And '.4 t; ' t such jui l.;i [lie fart*ied tarried tiot not sars sarve during during the the space space . b: (T, S, M, &c.,) aor. , (, ,) .UJ j j [1Ie ngl. ghot, or as long as, or while, 1 said atich a thi that, or as long as, or while, I said such a thing]. inf. n. j, (. , M, A, lMgh, Ml,, ]i,) lie, or it, eras, or became, s/lon, tartdy, dilatory, late, or (TA, (TA, from from a a trad.) trad.) And And so so in in the the saying, saying, jj J.s c t ti~ ejt e. bachkrard; (T, 8, M, A, Mghl, Msb, 1;) as also j glib U~ V ;4. (T, l:.) Yo,t say, 1 i.s , C, (, [Sucit Such a oe one ;at sat not not n.it4 nit tes, us, or t or at at our our abode', abode, save daring during the the spate space that, that, or or as as loiig long as, as, or or A,) or.oa. elp "Aj, (T,) Thy news or the nen,ssaude of thee, or his news or the . neus of himn, nas slon,, pi.ltile, nihile, he he ielated related to to iiq is a a story, story, or or tradition; tradition; lhen then &c., in coming to me, or to ut. (T, %,A.) And he he 7rent nent an-ay]. an-ay]. (T, (T, TA.) TA.) And And it it is is used used wititotit witihoutit 1Iii Ba'liilch Lo and and witliout without ejt: e,l: (TA:) (TA:) Aa Aaliln Bahilch says, says, 5 JJUe. ' V Such , a one was slow, &e., in Lo Bk. I.

.,) ledge of of a a inountain, mountain, (T, (T, ?, ?, M,M,' A, A, ]g,) ]i,) L.#) A A ledge in in [any of] of] the lte sides sides thereof, thereof, (A,) (A,) rmtnliliitg retembling ti,
wall; (M ;) i. :) pl. pl. [of wrall; (M;) i. q. q. .. A: (, M, M, A A:) [of patic. pane.] )ji (M) and (of mult., M) )Mj. ;ik (M) and (of mult., M) ,'4. (T, M, A, A, (T, ,$, Al,

l9 ) % I& 3 (Meyd, TA,) TA,) mcaning meaning A A (Meyd, resting, reesting, or or sleeping, sleeping, ulion upon ledge# ledges ofmountaipix, of mountainxs, liim wlio (Meyd,) is is a a prov., prov., applied applied to to hlim who evatem eaters upon an an afLir affair [dungerous [dangerous or] or] insolutary insalutary in in its its upon result. result (Meyd, (Meyd, TA.) TA.)
ii: 1-j: syn. syn. .,.; cited cited voce voce see see art. art. for for vj: .v: Also An .Also An &pal eqtal in in age; age; so so in in a a veme verse of of Ktitheiyir Kuthciyir

i. (TA.) ;.sl.

;.%tj Cgj: see jolt;, *jl;>: see wliat what next next follows: follows: and and see see eIj, i n art. in art. b.

.!.' b
g:)

A A

frind rind blominq blowing gently; gently; and and *;"'1;: t Lij:

as as also also

ttbt.'N'J' (T,S,M,A,1g) t il.J (T, ,M, A, )

($,M,A, ($, M,A,

:) or or the the first, first, as as some some say, say, iliat that blows blows much. much. (M.) [See also also >1, ;1I, in in art. .jj.] (M.) [See art. >.3j.]
art. >3J. ;.%g: in ;: ace see Nj, ,, in ZI.Nji ^JJ

art. j.

.?: ace see S.%.dj. ;iJ.4j

Vjt:

see art. ~),art. >3i;osee ;c' 1

151,

1200

i-

MJb

[Boozt L
clothing, or apparel. (TA.) Respecting the lying, 9 2 it. LI, it is said, (t, A, ].) by AO, (S,) that kings, when they gave a gift, put upon the humps of the camels [that bore it] ostrich-feathers, (,, ],) or [other] feathers, (A, TA,) in order that it might be known to be the king's gift; (?, A, K;) and the meaning is, accord. to As, [He gve him a hundred camls] wtith their saddlek (., A e) and their coreringp: ($:) or with their cowrrings and their cloths beneath the saddles. (X.)

1. ;1 (TA.)

lis (a man's) marrow became thin.

4. j IjIl lIe, (God, K,) and it, (enbacialion, TA,) made his marrow to become thin. (<, 6I, TA.) 1;: see what next follows.

.J and t;l; (Fr, , ) and j (AA, K) Mnrrow in a melting orfluid state, (1K,) and corrupt, by reason of emaciation: (TA:) or thin: (AA:) U},Wj:see Lj,J (of which it is a syn. m well or corrupt, and in a melting or .fluid state, by as a pl.,) in several places. teason of emaciation: (Fr, 4q:) or in a melting or Jluid'and thin state, by reason of emaciation 2: see 1, first sentence. Also ? An agent betwn . i1s;: cee j and seoere dearth or drought: (TA:) or *what, trwo persons, (A, Mgh, 1,) namely, the briber and 6: see 8, in two places: and see 1, last sentence ewas fat, in the bones, and has become blach and the accepter oJ a bribe, (Mgh, ],) rho composes but two. thin water. (Lb, ]i.) ) this one their affair, (Mgh1,) or who gives (iJ 8. ,.UjI ]ie became strengthened in his wing, * w J.i OCJ1;-1 of the property of that. (A.) Such Mohammad [or power,] by being an object of beneficence; as [And my shanhks (lit. shank) are such that the also * j.43: (A:) he became in a good state, or cursed. (Mgh, TA.) [See ,u, in art. j.j.), melting marrow, &c., in them is manifest] means condition: (.S:) he attained good: (Msb:) he ,;1~.: see 1. my emaciation is manifest: the poet says Zo>to obtained good, and the effect thereof wvas seen because by 3LJ he means 'OjlULJl; and it is upon him; as also Vthe latter verb. (TA.) [See 1."', applied to an arrow, Feathered; or allowable to make the enunciative of a dual like also 1, lastsentencebuttwo.] ~ aljI: ee 1, first having the feathers stucr upon it; (S, A,* 1;) sentence. that of a pl.: accord. to one relation, it is ;.lj,. as also ?g.j: (A,K :) or having its.feathers repaired,or put into a right state: (Mshb:) and (p.) _t also signifies The water that comes .. lj A bird whose feathers have grown. (TA.) forthfrom tae mouth of a child. (K.) [And hence,] t A man possessing property JJ1; signifies [the same: (see .l; :) or] having and clothing; as also ?u0¶. (TA.) See also fetilhers; (g;) being like Is applied to water Quasi w"'0 [in the sense of ;. (TA.) Honce the say. the next paragraph.

or, accord. to AA, jtl: but the former meaning is the better known. (TA.) [It is a{so doubly trans. :] you say, 'G Wi 1; t God gave him property. (TA, from a trad.) m 1;, (g,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) [seems to have originally signified, when used intransitively, lie becamefeathered.. And hence,] t lie collected ,.j, meaning, property, and .olU [or household goods, orfurniture and utensils, &c.]. (I,* TA.) -And lie (a man) became rich, or in a state of competence: (Fr:) and * ,;3 the became wealthy, or abundant in wealth. (Bdt in vii. 25.) [See also 8]. ~ lie (a bird) shed many feathers. (TA.)

j].

.o. ; J bl [lit., lie has not a feather; [Feathers; plumage;] a certain apper- ing, tenance of birds, (S, A, Msb, K,) well hnown, less arrow nor a feathered one]; meaniig, the' , seej: so , in two places. (A, Mb,) constituting their clothing and orna- has not anything. (S.) mnent; (A, TA;) as also t l: (](t, ]g:) n. un. :~e: see .. '.-Also, applied to the kind of the former with; : ($, Mpb :) pl. [of pauc.] of gnrment called .j, (A, I,) an epitihet similar (~,1 )and [ofmult.] , 4 j. (IJ, ].)_ 1. :, aor. A, Mqb, i n. ,.l11 to.M...: (A:) signifying t Figured (Lh, K) win/th .', (S, Mghi, TA,) HefeatAered it, namely, an Hence, (B,) I Clothing: (ISk, B :) or superb, or marhs in theforms offeathers. (Ll.) arrow; stuck the feathers tIpon it: (P, A,* k :) excellent, clothing; as also t V : (w,g:) or or he repaired it, or put it into a right state, by both signify what appears of clothi7g : (lt:) the putting tihe feathers upon it: (Mgh:) or Aheformer occurs in the gur vii. 25, accord. to one repaired,or put into a right state, its feathers: reading; ( ;) and t the latter accord. to another N ;;: see what follows. (Mbh:) anfl 't ,v (]g,) inf. n. w3, (TA,) reading: (TA:) and hence also, the former signiai; Any [covering for the body such as is signifies the same; ( ;) and so t &:UI. (TA.) fies t ornamment; and beauty: (A, TA :) or It is said in a prov., w not of two pieces (S, Mgh, Myb, O) LA , i [lit., t both signify tproperty; and plenty, or abun- called] ;* dance of the produce of tlhe earth and of the joined together (Mgh, TA) by rewing or the like, S,ch a one neither feathers nor pares arrows]; goods or conveniences and comforts of life: ( :) m,aning, t Stch a one neither profits nor injures. (TA,) but a single piece, (S, (,) a-.web: (TA.) - t le fed him, and gave him drinh, or the former signifies tgood; or properity; or (1]:) it is said by Az to be, withlout vefxbion, tand clad him; namely, a friend: (g :) t he clad wealth: (Mb :) and t*tate; or condition: (TA:) twhite: (TA:) or it signifies, (Mgh, ],) or signihim., and aided him; namely, a poor man; and Vthe latter, tproperty: (Msb:) and lgood- fies also, sometimes, (Msb,) any garnent, or piece benause suchi is like a bird with a clipped wing: nest of state or condition; (A, TA;) or a goodly of cloth, that is thin (Mg6h, Misb, I) and soft; (TA:) t lie (God) restored him, from a state state or condition: (Msb:) or the former signi(Mgh, . ;) so says ISk, on the authority of of poverty, to wealth, or comnpetence: (TA:) t he fies, (Q,)and t the latter also, (TA,) tplenty, or certain of the Arabs of the desert; (TA;) as also abundance of thle produce of the earth and of the st'enythened his wing, [or power,] by beneficence goods or conveniences and conmforts of life; and t a51;l: (K :) and a naphin rith wthich the to h;nt: (A:) t he rectified, or made good, or the means of subsistence: (1K, TA:) and t pro- hands are wiped after food: (TA, from a trld., amended, his state, or condition, (g, g,) and property which one has acquired for himself: and expl. by Sut'iin :) [in Har p. 204, q. v., it seems fited him: (V :) t he did that hAich was a means to be applied to a kind of vooulen cloth used as a of good to him: or he caued Aim to attain good: Z.oil [or t household-goods, or furniture and (Myb:) the did good to him: the strengtAened utensils, &c.]: (TA:) the Benoo-Kilaib say that turban:] pl. t a; [or this is rather a coll. gen. n. is the n. un.] and b.j. (S, Myb, him, and aided him to obtain Ais subsistence. t the latter word means t household-goods of what- of which ii. ever hind, consisting 9f clothes, or stuffing for (TA.) In the saying of Dhu-r-Rummeb, ;4,t4 Hett [4' mattresses or the like, or outer garments: and 6.) _You say, sometimes it means 1clothes, exclusively of other nent forth enveloped with the mantle of darkness]. l tO [app. meaning t [ThIeir shoots clad thea branches: or surpassed articles or kinds of property. (ISk, TA.) You '(TA.) A;nd ,~ I1, i t Verily he is goodly in He is prolix in praise]. (TA.) - Tho pl. ;'J I in length the branche:] it is nsaid to mean b: say, -~1 see ,u5, voce.,l;.

Boos I.] also signifies t Something resembling tAIe [or mirage] in the demrt. (TA.) i-i;: see above.

l.

;, aor.

-,

(M

,b, ,) infD. n.

1mi - & 1.,I inside. (TA.) And in like manner one says of anything that returns to him, t1j, aor. b! (TA.) - 1_,j; Tley drew, gathered, or colected, themsels togAther; (Ibn-'Abbad, TA ;) as also t la. 3 ; and Y1lgj, (Ibn-'Abbad, ],) inf. n. 3. (TA.) -- 8See also 5. ~ It became rent: (0 , so in the saying of El-Kumeyt, f

1201 much increase]. (Mgh.) - t Reenue arising from the increae of land: because it is an augmentation. (Mgh.) Milk; as in the pirase, t i be:b au [ sth-camel whose milk is abundant]. (A, TA.) - Redundance; a part, or portion, redundant; a surplus; or a residue;

syn.

.J;

of anything; as of flour, or meal,

Ngb, Msb, 1) and tj (TA) and j`j (a4, TA) and O1J, (TA,) It increaMd, or augmented; ($, Mgb, M9 b, ;) said of wheat and other things: or, as some say, it denotes 3;I.j [i. e. it signifies it became redundant, or it tseeded, as will be ser, in what follows; but the truth is, that it has both of these significations; the latter] in relation to flour, and to bread. (TA.) You say, 1 51, (1, Msb, g,) aor' o i . .. J [&c.]; (qbL :) and * ;i, ($, 1,) which latter is said by Az t., he more commonly used than the former; (TA;) :it,d .Ijd tV ; [which is the same as &JI :..j1 ; (TA;) The wheat increasd,or augmented; or received increase and blesing .from God; or e,lrove by the blessing of God: ($, Mqb, ]K, TA:) arfl in like manner one says ofother things. (Msb.) And i .:1 .l;, and tV Il, but the former i- rare, Tlhe tree became abundantin its produce, or.i'uit. (AHn.) And sometimes they said, ($,) j.1' *,Sl t ($, IF, 0) i The camels had many young one.t* ( ;) tIy increased,and had many young ones. (I F, 15.) One says also,.:latl 1;, andml t,t, The n/;,r,a became redvundant; or had a part, or portion, redundant; [app. meaning, over and above the original measure;] in the kneading and the making of brcad; syn. i;jl S;C (e;.) [See the first sentence above; and see , below.] And LSW LS. h ,t1 Such a thing mas redundant, or remained over and above, in my hand; as also &1j; syn. ;j: (L in this art., and TA in art. ,3j:) ?glh Ias nmistranscribed the explanation, lj, in his two books, [the Ta and the 0,] writing 'li; and the author of tbe 15 has imitated him in mentioning this in art. ~j, instead of the present art., which is its proper place, but has written for the explanation jli;. (TA.)_ tt1, aor. b~' (IDrd, ?, ]j,) in£ n. ;, (?, TA,) He, or it, returned; ivent, or came, back; rewerted: (IDrd, , ]:) and it;, aor. t?, (IDrd, and ] in art. yj,) inf. n. lj;, (g in that art.,) signifies the same; (IDrd, and ~ in art Ej ;) or it returned to its place: (TA in that art.:) but the former verb is the more common. (TA in the present art.) One says, of camels that have run away, cs3 1, s,Jt l t [The pastor cried out at them, and] they returned to him. (TA.) And to ise & ; tI horted him, but he refuned] to return, or revert. (TA.) And & ii dj jwXSuch a on does not return, or ;erert, by reason of thy speech nor by reason of thy voice. (TA.) And

* .s

3 ; · H.

3;

[When a side thereof is swed up, a side becomes rent]. ( [It is also said that] i1;, aor. Cb-', [.) is like j [app. as signifying He returned a reply, or an answer, to a person; for it is mentioned immediately after as u syn. with q.-.]- (TA.) 2. *JttI &: see 1; second sentne.. _ I The 7 ascended, or ascended upon, the ar~) [n. un. of ', q. v.]. (Ibn-'Abbad.) - See also 1, near the end of the paragraph. m ;J: see 4. - [See also d) (in art. ,j), with which tj seems to be syn.] 4. j.1j ,,1; &kc.: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph, in four places._ 1l11 Their wheat increased, or augnented; or received increase and bl4eing from God; or throve by the blessing of God: (Ibn-'Abbid, 1]:) and in like manner, tLir seed-producs [in general]. (TA.) m ;>Lt. lIj He incresed, or augmted, the thing; or made it to increaMe, or augment; as also vt j. (TA.) 5. I,a;: see 1, near the end of the paragraph. t3 said of greuase, or gravy, (TA,) or oil, (;,) andl of clarified butter, when much thereof has been put into food; (Q, TA;) or of melted grease in a howl; (A, TA;) or of clarified butter upon a cake of bread; (ISh, TA;) It Jfowed, or ran, hither and thither, having no direct course; (S, TA;) or went to andi.fro; (A, TA;) or portions thereof foUowned a little after other portions: (ISh, TA:) and, said of water, it ran, orfloced. (TA.) - In like manner, (s,) said of the mirage (.1,;.), [It quivtred, vibrated, or mowed to and fro;] it came and rent; (Q, .) as also dj3: (TA:) and V l, aor. (TA,) inf n.

(Mph, 15,) over and above the measure of the wheat; (Mb ;) and of dough [when it has risen]; and of seed for sowing [when it has been sown]; and the like. (1.) Hence it is said, in a trad. of I'Ab, respecting the expiation of an oath, j. at;,i. -a a A * [To every poor b1;&anj alj_.X > ~dC~ man, a mudd of whetat: tie redundance, or redundant part or portion, thereof shall be for its seasoning]: i.e., it is not necesary for the peron to give, with the mudd, seasoning; but the redundance that shall arise, of the flour, or meal, of the madd [of wheat], when he shall have ground it, therewith shall the seasoning be bought. (TA.) Hence also, the trad. of 'Omar, Ij1t

:.j;l4,

' 1

1 ij, .

t Knead ye n,ell, or;

thoroughly, or soundly, the dough; for this action is one of the Ct;j [here meaning the tn,o causes of redundance; the other cause being the grinding]. (TA.) [Hence also,] Nj,1 Thi eA redundant parts of tahe two sle~ of tahe coat of mail, (g, A, ]5, TA,) over [and beyond] the ends of the fingers; (TA;) and of the skirt thereof. (A, TA.) - See also ._ Also, (V,) and laj, [which latter is the more common in this sense,] ($, ],) SThefirst (., 0) and most excellent (1) part of anything: ( :) said s, in the B to be a metaphorical application from ;j as signifying a high, or an elevated, place. (TA.) Hence, (., TA,) A41 ;, by poetic license

(TA,) or 9 ivi;, ($, A, L, V1t1 TA,) SThefirst, or pri/e, ($, A, TA,) and most excellent, (A, TA,) part, or period, of youth or youtIfulneS or youthful vigour: (8, A, TA:) or this is from c; in relation to wheat: (A, TA:) or from .Itiv ' 'j; tthe first of rain. (L,
?

written

;,

TA.) Hence also, (v,)

, t J1, (, ?gh,

L) t The first of the mirage; (?, fgh;) what comes and goes thereof; (Sgh;) or such as is in (], TA) and O;;, (TA,) said of the same, it was, a state of commotion or agitation, quivering, or became, in a state of commotion or agitatio,; it vibrating, or moving to and fro. (L.) [Hence quivered, vibrated, or moved to andfro. (V, TA.) - t He became confounded, or perpleed, [as also,] _..1 yj; XTihe hritenes, and beautiful though vacillating, or wcaring,] and unable to see splendour, of tAhe first part of the day after sunhis right course; as also ? 1 _. (Ibn-'Abbid, 1K.) rie. ( .,TA.)_ 3JU tA she-camel having -t He paused; or maited: (O, L, ] :) or (so one pace, or rate of going, [app. a quicker pace,] in the L, but in the 0 and 15 "and ") he paused; after another. (TA.) .J. * i. e. or hesitated; or held, refrained, or abstained. '... [.app. meaning Such a one has no reply, (O, L, 1.) [See the part. n., below.] , j or answer, to give: or, perhaps, to such a ou ~Jlt *tj tHis tmo handt overtlowed with there is no reply, or answer, to be given]. (g,* bounty, [as though they weent hither and thither,] TA.) ~ Also Fright, or fear; (15;) like for one cause after another. (TA.) u. (TA.) 10: see 5.

~

(Fr, ?, Mob, V, &c.) and

, (Fr, 1,)

tj [see 1, of which it is an inf. n.] Increae; syn. ti,J [which may be meant to include the you say of vomit, :, 1L;. SomeMnhat of it third of the significations hero following]; as in returned: ( :) and 4 ;' it returned to his the saying, il,b..; IWi, [T'his is wheat of

the former occurring, (S,) or the latter accord. to one reading, (TA,) in the 1ur [xxvi. 128], (?, TA,) ligh, or elevated, land or ground: (, 1 :) or a high, or an elevated, place; (so in some copies of the S and in the Mqb;) which latter 1G1 '

1202 signification is also assigned to t ;

10 -

ji

[BooK T.

(TA;) one jonrnteys and returns: (Az, TA :) or thlat (T.) - And a.,Ill .Jt; The cattle pasturedin quickly yields an abundant flon of milk: or 4 that b; " , meaning and whence the phrase, £'i quichly becomesfat: ( :) sometimes used in this what is the eleation of thy land? [a phrase not sense. (Jm, TA.) t lie nwa, or became, near to 3. l.)U ,b, in which the to be mistaken for 1 [having, or incurring] "ill [i. . snspicion, or j-: ! A slipper! man, who anoints himself meaning is " increse :"] (As, TA:) or any [road ,j U1 tril opinion]; syn. VjU, and V. A.h. (Ibn'C U.)-1, tith oils. (Ibn-'Abbad, ( :) or (so accord. to the such as is termed .: 'AhbW, O, IK.) [Freyteg, npp. misled by the Mvb and IF, but in the 1 "and ") a road (i, M 9h, .'l t I am holding, ,firaining, or abstaining, TK, renders t1lj,followed by J, as meaning V,) of any hind, (9, TA,) to which some add, from this affair. (TA.) " Falsa protulit, ealumniis necusavit.' lie also wmhether travelled or not: (TA: [ace an ex. in assigns to b.5.lj the significllion of" Adpropinor a road the first paragraph of art. ;.:]) qiavit regioni J-j," as on the authlority of the o)ening so as to form a gap in a mountain; lI.nm; in whichl I do not find it.] tiHe rmeared, sasoned, imbued, or 2. ~ (Zj, YC;) or, u in some copies of the 1S, from a , (1, l , jI) 4: see 1, in two places. · ,-s soaked, a mess of N [i. e. broken, or crumbled, mountain; but the former is what is termed ., with wjt] grease, orgravy, or dripping; M, K1,) inf. n. aJill and [accord. to some] t.J; before mentioned: (TA:) or a mountain; (, bread, hut, and t; l inf n. like ; , or, as in i. q. Aj (En-NaOr, K,TA) A.I. Mph;) so accord. to 'Omwrah: (':) (En-Nnar, [ISd says,] in my opinion, l4J is tlhe inf. n., and some copies of the ?, a smaU mountain: (TA:) TA.) ,.iQ is the subst.; and in like manner one sliotald or signifying also a high mountain: (0, V:) and .. ,.; (fM,TA;) The land tTThe morsel, or say of ,d 5. ,:j14 [LUI i as it is written in the e t, n. of un. with i [i.e. or imbued, seasoned,] [nsmeared, was mouthiful, abounded, or became ahiurndant, with herbage, and Q; and t i' also, as implied in the 1]: ($, 2: [in the former immediately following the signi- soaked, (;.,i,) writh clarified butter. (En-Nadr, with the goods, conveniences, or comforts, of life; fication of "mountain ;" and in the latter, so fol- TA.) [In the C1g, and in some MS. copies of (8, x,* g ;) as also ,:.- (g·) lowin.g that of"' high mountain;" whence it seems the I:[, this verb is mentioned as quasi-pa_. of 2.] : see 1, in three places. that &j and j are sometimes used, at least in follows. next what : see ,J1j Wine: (T, 1 :) more properly mentioned one sense, as coil. gen. nL :]) pl. [of mult.] p t j,, in art. Jjj. (TA.) (~, TA,) wfiich is extr., (TA,) and .j, an [of ,as in the [T and] O and Tekmileh and L; in pauc.] 1j: (TA:) but AO says, contr. to J, the g, erroneously, Lk; (TA;) Dust, or dust iQ Land in which are sown fields, or eodand abundlance of herbage and of the produwe, or dust, say, (TA,) : (IB, TA:) or and raised: (Sh, ]:) or, as some a, is pl. of that V or comforts of life: (S, O, conveniences or goods as is : or such sens in a general TA,) earth, (V, &j signify the channel of the torrent of a valley 1]I:) and (IS) the part thlat is near to water, of an describing says, Ru-beh (TA.) comminuted. from any, or aery, high, or elevated, place. (J.) the land of tits Arabx, (M, O, L, .K,) and of as [i e. a wild ass] and his females, Also the former, A high mound, or heap of sand, other lands: (M, L:) or the part that is near to * or hill: and a Christian's cloister or ceU; syn. * of the land of the Arabs: the Satwdd (1.JI), Ldsd: and a pipon-turremt. (IAr, I.) (IDrd, Iam p. 676:) or a trtact in which are * grt.een herbs, and waters, (T, O, K,) and level t.Li4J 4jtl latnds of seed-produce, (T,) or soWn fields, or using an inversion, for he means [i. c. And if they raise earth from a ,leelvarieties of seed-produce: (O, IK:) [generally,] a J4 ~ plain, tAe sides of their hoofs make it tofall down region, district, or tract, [of ciltitated.feitd;or] of towns, or villages, and of cultivated land: Also A aQ: see &, in three places. reduced to powder]. (TA.) m And i. q. jU nunmbr of men who hae drawn, gathered, or [The act of leeing, going away or aside or apart (YIam p. 676:) pl. o0 ; 1 (T, S, M, TA) and collected, themelves together: (Ibn-'Abbad, :*) or to a distance, retiringto a distance, shrinking, 'J". (M, TA.) - Also (M, 1k) Abundance otherwise, they are not so called. (Ibn-'Abbhd.) &e.; inf n. of L;, q.v.]: ( :) so some say. (Lth, T, M, O, IK) of herhbage, and of the goods, (TA.) ~ egh says that this word may belong to conveniences, or comforts, of life, and (Ltlia, T', ~~:.ee *;, in four places. M) in respect of food (Lthi, T, M, 0, 1) andl the present art. and to art. .jU,q. v. (TA.) ( M, ;) drink: (O, ] :) pl. [in this sensen] . aiu tA *she-camel abounding with milk. i.e', signifying The place in which beasts roll, only. (M.) See also 4. A, IC,TA.) or turn themselves over, is thought by Az to be so ; -> AIeAt, or sift, and ecelent, horse. u4j [Of, or belonging to, the %.i, or rEgion called from leo in the first of the senses assigned , to which, as well as to it above. (TA.) (, TA.) (See also art. of cultkivated land; opposed to t.S;] applied to a to the present art., it is samd in the TA to belong.] plant [&c.]. (M, voco ;L.) And .ae p.o -- A thing defiled rwith dust or earth, or and M (1Ar, 1. Cltirated land; contr. of A register in which is writqen the much sprinkled *withdust. (El-'Azeezee, .K.) and 1K* and TA in art t.) fromt the increase, [i.e. incase, or roenue arising qf the lands] of districts: the ; being augmen. at. 1.jI Land abonding with herbage, and tative: but it is a poet-clanical word. (TA.) withi the goodl, conveniences, or comforts, of liJi. He (a man of the desert) (S, O, g.) 1. jl1, aor. .,, y ~.,jI, with fet-! to the ., A land [of came to the J~j; (T, O, 1~ ;) as also ?jy.jl and much j, or increase;] abounding with herbage; VJ.i3: (]g:) or he entered thte region, district, fi.uitful; or plntiful. (g, Myb, TA.) 1. jtj, (JK, or tract, of cities, towns, or villages, and of cula,or. &.,,' inf. it. the (JK, S,) said of the **rd [or mirage], It was a, a n epithet applied to the .lr [or tivated land: or 13Ii signifies they approached %,Q; and so V I1Aj: (Ilam p. 676:) or this last, agitated, and moved to andfro, (JK, g,) or it ., in art. j. mirage]: ee they journeyjed to the JQ; (M;) and so * 1 1 shone, or glibtened, ($,) abooe the ground; (JK, titr A she-camel that goes away in the place (?,* M:) or *t143, we abode, or stayed, in [a ., l ;) and t 3.3 signifies the same. ($, 0, g.) 3 of pasturing and returns by herself; (IC;) or region of] cities, towns, or villages, and wrhere [And in the former sense, lj may be said of (Q, TA:) or upon *raterwas reached by digging, or where it was water; for the inf n.] ~ signifies also The going such is termed ptj. p'*: which one repeatedly journeys : or- upon which apparent, running upon the surface of the earth. to and fro (Lth, JK, ) of water, (JK,) or of

BooK

r.]
see 1 in arL&.] And

1203

Cijt J1 [It ras its nor. Jjj said of water; though anomalons; drunk in tade tate offaasting; before breakfast]: for by rule it should be J'.;] The part, of the (8,15:) and in like manner ,Il [It was so throat, which is tAe plae of patmge of tAe water. (T and TA in art. 1j.: see the last sentence of theo eate*]. (1) And jjl h (AO, %, 1g,) first paragraph of that art.) oh , (TA,) and 3jb, (AO, , ,) (Ks, MOb, ].) - .4 at , (JK, 9, 5,) or .,r One in nhom a thling ceae not to induca of the measure ju , (v,) and 1, , (1,) i. e. inf. n. ] (, ) and , (TA,) t HD gi?resJ) wonder, or admiration, and pleasure, orjoy; or [He is fating ;] he has not breakfasted. (TA.) his spirit; or gis away hilife; syn. t1 .s; whio a thing ceases not to pleaMe, or rejoirce: i ;; (18k, 9) and a,. Y; . ~. , (15:) ocenurring in a verse of !tu-belh: but ;gh (JK, I , ] ;) at death: (], J :) mentioned by Kr. And (TA.) (, TA,) and t Ij:1 and V tlh, I came to says that it sllould by rule be jjr.. (TA.) a. 1,j 11J I Vare hinm to drink the mine, him [fasting,] not having eaten anything. (18k, or berage,faJting; when he had not yet eaten. ?, TA.) [Hence also , :t J, likewise called (TA.) ,:l 4AWE and :ll 1" and L jl, aor. J.2)., He (a child) avere.. (Ibn1 4. 1 JJ Ile poured it out, or forth. (Mgb, and C 4jOtl 1iL., t The fine filmy cobrweb 'Abba(i, 0, 1S.) Se also aort. gC.) 8ee art. j. termed gosamer: see arts. %a and .bi.]jl Slarer; (Ibn-'Abbld, ;) [like jilj; Also Strength: and the remains of life, or of tAe 6: ee 1, first sentence. without .. (TA.) 6. ;Qi1 . t and Al,; (JK) They spirit, or of the soul: syns. a and .;j [which latter, it should be observed, has both of these two pour the water out, or forth, by turn. (TA meanings, so that possibly only the former meanin explanation of the latter in art. v'.) ing may be here intended]. (].) You say, L ,. is syn. with jl; (Lth, T, M, I ;) anl o A shining, or glistening, (I, TA,) of a * 1 :U1. 5 Thtis event happened when the verb is .1;, aor. ., [ie mat away, or desword [&c.]. (TA.) Hence, in a trad. respecting there was in us strength. (TA.) parted: and Ahe quited a place: and A ceasedl [the battle of] Bedr, l,S $. t i [*a4, accord. to Freytag, as occurrin,g in the doing a thing:] (Lth,T,TA:) .,. being the [And lo, the shining, or glistenint, of a sword behind me]: thus written by EI-W&Jidee: if the Deewrn El-Hudhaleeyeen, signifies The begin- inf. n. (TA.) IA;r used to say, in relation [or ning of youth: but perhaps this may be a mistake, reply] to the saying '* L; [I did not go aawy, reading [from n .] had been transmitted, it ocaensioned by some one's saying that the begin&c., or I haw not gone away, E .], -,.j 5L would be evidently reasonable. (IAth, TA.)ning of youth is termed ej, meaning #db.] [Nay, I did go away, ke., or I hare gone away, And i. q. J&I [as meaning FaLM, or vain, speech dc.]: but others use the verb only with a negativo s;: ee i.--JAI 33 is said by Z to be or conduct]: (1.) One says, Ji! i.j ~.! j particle: (T:) or it is moastly used in negativo [Desis thou from thy false, or vain, rpeec or the name of a sword of Murrah Ibn-Rabee'ah. phrases. (TA.) You may, .i;, aor. & , (, conduct]. (TA.)-..JU b I U*,with fet-] [to they], (TA: but the vowel-signs are not there written.) Mgh,) inf. n. as above, ( He went away fro H,) TAhe , . [or mirage]. (TA.) - j also S,; Anything eaten, or drunk, ;t31 jS it, departed from it, or quitted it; syn. d&-; signifies Water: (1 :) or water that is drunk in [i. e. in tahe state of fasting; bfore breafast]. (S;) or al. and nj, j ;; namely, his ploce. the state offasting, in tAe early morning, orfirst (1K.) See also J, in two places.-. And seej (Mgh.) And 6j5i " c'.' : and and pa,rt of the day; (TA;) [and] so 1; Lj, which likewise in two places. _- Also t Empty-anded. [I wment away from uch a one]: both meaning is [said to be] not applied [in this sense] to anytHe came empty the same. ($.) And .0 ~ GOo not thou away! (.) You say, li3( tbing but water: you say &M1; %. (?.) [But [-handed]. (JK.) Also Pure; (Ay, 15;) applied see . A1..] And ' (IDrd, (I ]) and tg ;. to musk, and to anything. (AV, TA.) [Mentioned from him, or it; syn. riX I. (p.) And L (A,, JK, J5) Dry bread; i. e. bread without and (M,15) Iwe.t,not also in art. j3j.] Also said to signify J,. ;jt1I ; easoning, or condiment, to render it pleasant, or J,..Jt, *qc [i. e. J 'I q, npp. meaning from the place; syn. ; i .. (]g.) And L savoury. (A, JK,IDrd, .)_See also j: that it is an epithet applied to a garment as sigJ ,iWi j (M, g5, TA) I cased not doing both amu also mentioned in art. 3jJ, q. v. nifying Sprinkled with musk and then pressd, or that; syn. ,; L.. (TA.) And i.q. .,3 o &Sali; a; yn. A; (, 1, TA;) i.e. kneaded]. (TA.) [The being, or becoming, distant, remote, far o.f, (TA) the water of the mouth; (JK, Mtb,l, s,: e ,4, in two places. - Also, (?,) and or aloof/; &.]: (T, g:) [you say,] . [lio TA;) its ,tl: (TA:) or the water of the mouth in the early morni#ng, or first part af the day; t ., (f., 1J,) which is a contraction of the for- does not become distant, &c.]. (T.) [Accord. to (Lth, TA: [but this rendering is often inap- mer, sometimes used, (S,) and L,j, (AO, 1:,) the T15, it is, in this sense, inf. n. of Z.;l, aor. ns plicable:]) or the mwter of the mouth while it is The first part, (?, K5,) and the most excellent, above, meaning Ile was, or bream, distant, &e., therin; for when it has gone forth from the of anything, as, for instanec, of youth, and of from it.] - And An inelining, or a leoning, in, mouth it is termed jt.1 and Jjl and 3C4: (1 rain. (9.) .[The first and second are also men- the load of a camel, (15, TA,) by rmason of excem in art. kje:) and t signifies the same, in tioned in art j.j,q. v. J cites here, and ascribes and heavines thereof. (TA.) One says, I j., bL ,JIa [There is to this side-burden poetry: (M9 b, TA :) or t!is has a more particular to Lebeed, as an ex. of the second of these words, a verse which I have cited in the third paragralph e an inclining, or a eauning, by reason of an e~cssr meaning; (f, Mlb, 1] ;) [i. e. it means omnehAat qf weight ower this: or,] a hearinef [~eedin, of art. ~, but with Jj in the place of j, of salira; or a little saliva:] d,e pl. is Ji1 [a from the TA, in which it is ascribed to El- that of this], by reason of wrhich it incines, or pL of pauc.] (f, V, TA) and jti [a pl. of mult]. leans. (TA.) [And acordl. to thoe T, you say Ba'eeth.] (TA.) [Hence,] one says, U 0ia. ! [Saffer of the load of a camel, lj;, meaning It indined, thou me to swalloro my saliva;] give thou me time vy.J: see the next preceding paragraph. or lenned.].And The becoming drawn together, to msallow my salira: (15 and TA in art. t:) jV , said in thq T to be so called because of the mouth of a wound, in order to eal; as al,b or tgrant thou me some delay, or let me alons for i.r . (g.) [Both are said in the T1 to bo containing the saliv' of serpents, is explained in a rAile, that I may say, or do, such a thing. inf. ns. of jl, nor. as above, mid of a wound, art. j,3. (TA.) (lIar p. 1G4.) [And rilj ' L1a He rswallowed meaning Its mouth becanu drawn together, in his saliva: meaning the rtrained his anger: [ wIe as j.. [app. a n. of place from ,, having for order to heal] is ,w, i q. .j

shallow water and the like, (Lth, upon p,) the surface of tAe earth. (Lth, JK, ] ) - -. Also, (Ks, JK, M#b, 1[,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (Ks, Mpb,) mid of water, (Ks, JK, Mgb, 1g,) and of blood, (Mfb,) It poured out, or firth.

.

Jli

L..+

1204

[Boox 1.

or became, disabledfrom prosecuting, or unable t# emphatically, remains]. (S.) And ; -means El-Hasan, it means that sin has f.,llowed upon prosecute, hisjourney]. (?, I.) A rtjiz says, A long day or day-time: so in the saying, .'. sin so that the heart has become black: (s:) and accord. to Aboo-Mo'adh the Grammarian, and a S *0 ;1Y [app. meaning A long day iq appointed Ua - -1 thee for the performance of a work or task]. saying of the Prophet, O.jl means the heart's [And the messenger that was nith me became (AZ, T.)_~Also i. q. 3i.j [as meaning A series becoming black in conscquence of sins. (T.) You disabledfrom prosecuting his journey]. (S, TA.) Jh s heart became cocered oJ stairs:] (lApr, Jm, T, S, M, :) of the dial. of say also, 4l iIi El-Yemen. (S.) Aboo-'Amr Ibn-'AlI says, as 3 [&c.]. (M.) And sa 'wj I£e was overcome: L. rj, G. (T, (,) in?. n. . , (TA,) lIe ceeeded him; (T, ], TA;) i. e., one man, related by Ag, I was in El-Yemen, and I came (T, Mgh :) or his propc,t;/ was beset by debt: another; (T;2 in journeying, or pace, and the to the house of a man, inquiring for him, and a (T:) or he fell into grief, by reason of debt : (M :) or hefell into that from wrhich he could not like: from 0 as signifying J.~ and , " [i.e. man of the houe said to me,,~.l j i;, meaning j;.JI .a~"1 [Ascend thou the stairs]. escape, (AZ, T, $, M,gh, K,) and n,ith which he "excess," &c.], or as signifying t;j [expl. above]. (JAM, cited in the Pg.)--And i. q. jLb6 [mean- had not power to copm: (AZ, T, $:) or i.q. (TA.)-.~ Jj, (1Sk, 'q, M,) inf. n. as ing A hind of ivide bench, of atone or brich; and " "iil [i.e. he became disabled from pro~ above, (ISk,~,) lIc (a man, ISk, $) remained, also a shop]: (M, TA:) likewise of the dial. of cuting hisjourney, his means having failed him, stayed, dnelt, or abode, in the place. (lSk, $. El-Yrmen. (TA.) - And Small mountains. or his beasnxt breahig dowrn with him or perishM.) And -. d i4tl.Ji .:.., The cloud (IAp, T, C.) - And A grace: (IAqr, T, g, M, ing]; (T, 8, M ;) so says El-ganaineo El-Airiibee: remained without clearing awanr LJ d rained con- ] :) or the middle thereof. (M, g.) - See also (T, :) and he died. (M.) And ,1 &-;, tinually]. (g, TA.) - , n .,j, in. n. au above, what next follows. (T,) or .1 .Jt a il. , (S, M, [in one copy of le journeyed all the day. (TA.) JI,]) Thie ,'ine overcamIe hi,n; (, M ;) .,, (Jm, T, PS,) with kesr, (Jm, PS,) [accordl. the .S t and overshelmed hiim: (M:) or overcame his to tlOe V, erroneously, ;, The antiloie leuwj Exzce, redundance, or superiority; syn. heart and his reason: (T:) and in like manner coryz;] a white antelope; (Jm, Ps;) an anteJ.t, (I8k, T, $, M, IC,) and ;;jt., (g, 1,) which one says of drowsiness, and of anxiety; by way lope (;1>) that i purely white: (IA.nr, T, K:) is like (TA.) One ay, s, ;tiag , 0t1 5 1 written with and without .: [ ee_Jj, in art.AIJ :] of comparison. (M.) And h This has ezeeu, or superiority, (Jh, ISk, T,) Dronwsines overcame the eye: ($,TA:*) or inover this. (ISk, T, .. ) *'3 1 U ic , a pl.Ajl (Jm, PS) [and #1l1]. fected, or pmrraded,theeye. (MhI).) E;-Tirimmi, phrase used by El-'Ajjij, means ^:Wi ; .d A woman who lores the discourse of men, says, J.li [twhich may be rendered I/e who is crid- but does not art vitiously or immol'ally, or commit den, it is incumbent on him to xezted; or he who aduiltery or fornication. (K.) Also a [female] ,1 a,V' ',3i' $ is chidden is eceeded]: (T, g:) such being always proper name. (].) It is said by AA to be of the the cose; for one is chidden only on account of an measure j;.; from nl;, aor.,.: ($, $gh, Mbh, [Infear thatsleep mnight owrcome them, by reason affiir in which lie has fallen short of doing what TA:) but some say that, as a proper name, it is of the intoxication of their sensations of dromriwu requisite. (.) - A thing such as is termed arabicized, from L.L. (TA.) ness, writh oery legree of overcoming]. (TA. £;;. [q. v.] betoben the tro side-loads of a [Tlis, together with a signification asigned to camel. (lAr, T, ].) Hence the saying, jl CM.F in art. Oi) in the ]t, shlows that )I; signiJ,a.JI L. ,.,.,.i;JSl v°L J33; [Tlhe allditional fying " h e, or it, overcame," &c., haseu J U burden that is put between the tno side-loads is L i1,;, [aor. ,] inf n. n j, [in its primary well as p for its aor.]) And you say also, more onerous to the beasts than the (usual) load]. acceptation, app. signifies It ras, or became, ruslty, *i , and et e40~, Death took him (Tg.) -A share that remains of a slaughtered or covered nrith rust. And hence,] It (a garment, .;JII anwy. (M.) camel: (M, 1 :) or a bone that remains (T,~, or piece of cloth,) wos, or became, dirty, orfilthy; 'M, 1) after the/fesh of the slaughtered camel has syn. LJ. (M, TA.)[Hlence also,] lj) 4. IjljI Their cattle peri~ed, or died: (Elbeen distributed (T, f) in the game called~.4J1, :..i:, ($, M, 9,*) aor. .3, in£ n. as above, (s,) Umawec, T, 8, M, ] :) and (so in the T, but in (T,) and which is given to the slaughterer: (M, the AM " or") their cattle became lean, or ema]:) accord. to Lb, the camel for slaughter is His toal [or stonmach] became heavy; or hearedl, ciatel. (EIl-Umaw.e, T, M.) This also, says brought, and its owner slaughters it, then puts it or became agitated 1by a tendency to vomit; syn. And Obt A'Obeyd, is from an event that has happened to upon something laid upon the ground to preserve tj, (9, M, K,) and ,:-.. (S, $.)it from pollution, having divided it into ten 4s, (A'Obeyd, T, $, M, Mghl, Msl), K,) aor. and them and overcome them, and wbich tbey have portions, namely, the two haunches, and the two inf. n. as above, (Msb,) It (anything) corered it; not been able to bear. (T.) thighe, and the rump, and the withers, and the namely, a thing: (M:) or it (anythling) overcamne see the next paragraPh. s: Also [A hind breast, and [the part of the back called] the him; (A'Obcyd, T, S, M,* Mgh, Msb, I ;) as of legging;] a thing like a t [or boot], but c'1, [q. v.], and the two shoulders together also & i1j; (A'Obeyd, T, S, Mgh, 1. ;) and ol. longer, and ,nithout a.foot: (.g:) lescribed by with the two arms; then he betakes himsef to the (A'Obeyd, $R, Mgh, K.) [And .;6 with .; for the author of the Msb, in his handwriting upon A.ti [or soft parts, such as the flanks, or the its aor. signifies the same; as will be seen from a the margin, as a piece of cloth made lihe the oft parts of the helly], and the vertebrte f the verse cited below.] You say of a sin; misdeed, or Ji, stsltffed with cotton, worn beneath it on nech, and distributes them upon those portions tmnsgre.ion, (e,) X, (Zj, T, S, account of the cold: not a genuine Arabic word: equally; and if tlhere remain a bone, or a small Mgh, g,) aor. as above, (Zj, T, S,) inf. n. j (MF:) it is a Persian word, arabicized. (TA.) ie offlesh, that is thoe : then the slaughterer (Zj, T, ?, M, g) and L, (~, M, f ],) It covered 0;', originally an inf. n.: (Msb:) Rust that waits with itfor him who desites it, and he whom his heart: (Zj, T, M:) or it overcame his he.art. overspreads the srword and the mirror; (M;) arrow wins, his it is; otherwise, it i .for the Mgh,] .) rust that overspreads a polishedi thing: (Erslaughterer. (M, TA.) - The last portion of the in the ]ur [lxxxiii. 14], means [ lhat they used Ilaghib, TA:) or much dirtiness from rust: or day-time, exsenldin to the confusedness (b i'!, to do] hath become like rust upon the clearnen of for which J',.i. is erroneously put in the copies their hearts,so as to make the knowledge of good simplyr dirt, filth, soil, or pollution: syn. and i.~: (8, ]: [in a copy of the S, and in the of the 1B,TA) of the darhness. (M, , TA.) A

ji.

,

.

…I.;

9,

from evil to be obscured to them: (Er-RIghib,

long [in(Ilfinite period such as is termed] GL : TA:) or hath covered their hearts: (Zj,T:) or (1, V:) so in the saying, j1,1 . . .;. di hath overcome their hearts: [or hath spread a [A long petiod of the day-time had remained; or, blacknes upon their hearts; for,] accord. to

1
I

C1i, .lJI is erroneously put for idl:]) or a cover, or covering. (Mlb.) [And hence,] The lihe of rust, coveriing the heart: (Zj, T:) black-

BOOK L.]

CP -

120

nme of the hecart: pi. signifies the same au *.

(T.) And ' (TA.)

~~~dJ ~~~~2.i
.
I,aor.

said of the
q.l

~,l[or

nmirage]; and

(5)inf. n.

said of the

se I J a:cec 1.

eo w

(., or mirage], (TA,) It came and went; P.I Lj.q. 3506. [i. e. 1Vine, or some winte, or a (]g, TA;) [or rent to and fib ; or alppeared to

kind of winie]: pl.4; (IA;r, Tbi, T, K:>) so do so;] or ran uspolt the susrfaice of thet eartht: called because it overcomnes the reason. (TA.) (TA :) and 1' djj lik-ewise said of the ,TA)or, :(, &*La ~ J. A man beset, or encomassedl. [signifies the same,] i. q. hilhecr anid to rutn mnade it iras signifies &Z3 (TA.) thither., in no unjforms manner: (IAqr, TA:) or Personis 7whos cattle have perishedl, or it glistened uninterruptedly. '(TA 'in art. #,. died: (El-Utitawcc, T, ~, Jr:) and whose tattley And lIe, or it, returned; like s aor. tjr. have become lean, or eimaciated. (EI-Umawce, T.) (TA in art. tj.
--

neihtappidt,he#,ip # [or iae,(A)t .~ (,1 A)(en 3*0 &j EiLb [At thtough it mer ji ing] Spq-yl 4 made to come and go, or go to and fro, or run upon the surface of the earth; or air though theP rehiemnt midday-heat made it to comet and go, &c.]. (TA.)
)a

~

[BOOK I.]

Ji
as being likened thereto, (TA,) It. ThI elhcnth letter of the alplhabet; commonly -Hence, called jqlj, and sometimes *j, [and I;, and OI, and ".Sj signify also S A man who is light, in. constant, unsteady, irruolute, or fickle. (Ibnand . (MP.) (see .slj in art. L3j,)] and jM, 'Abb&d, TA.) . [or vocal, It is one of the letters termed ;; i. e. pronounced with the voice, and not with the [~.fj Of, or relating to, quicksilver. - And breath only]; and of the letters termed 4.4l, A seller of quicluilver.] because proceeding from the tip of the tongue. ~ (Lth, $, Mgh, TA,) said by Th to ip_ ^s, (TA.) Az says that it is not conjoined withl e. jij.., with kesr to the y, (TA in correctly be in any Arabic word. (TA.) It is substituted for or t.r, and >;j. art. cjj, [but ihis is app. a mistake,]) , L. and for _,; as in j? for or picce dirAem, A (Mhsb,) ¥, the to fet-h with is it that and in the Tea-heel it is said for S: quicksilver]: [i. e. with jjj over done money, of sometimen interchanged [with oa] after C, as in vulgar say t-. and after , as in (Lth, Mgh, M9h, TA:). the for ; .. jJlSl (s, Mgh.) and .j;: which interchange, accord. to MF, ,. is said to be of the dial. of Keolb; or, as Et-Toosee says, of the dial. of 'Odhrah and Kapb and Benn1. ,;, aor. (S, A, 1) and:; (A, g;) and [As a numeral, j denotes l-'Ambar. (TA.) ;;j, aor.;:; (S, ;) inf n. Ij and jj; (S, A, Se.] .K;) said of a lion, lHe roared,or growled; i. c., Ii ma(e hui cry, or voice, to be heard (8, A, IK) in j and t and :j: se the letter j, and 5ilj in his chest, (8, A,) orfiom his chest; (I ;) as also ;lj, applied to a lion, Roaring, or growling; i. e. naking his cry, or voice, to be heard (?, A, 1() in his chlit, ($, A,) or from his chest; (]s ;) as also t?j, (I, 1, TA,) like kj:, (TA,) [in the Cd, erroneously,n;j,] and I'. (g.).- Also tAn enemy: (TA:) the pl. j3~I is thus used by 'Antarahb. (S,TA.)-And tAngry: (lA!r,TA:) and so .j; but original with hemeb: so says AM. (TA. [Soe also";j.]) .,p: soee the next preceding paragraph.

4

j,- applied to a dog, Short: (~, ] :) one (S.) should not say ie. (S, M, Mlb, S1t3 (M, J) and .1a;

.3

.b) bijj (M, M9b) and and (M, Mb) and oj (T.)

art. Ij.

.. S,

&I: &c.:ee art. jj.

He did over dirhems, or pieces of Up$j Q. L money, with `.tj [i.e. quicksilv]. (Mgh.) [it or rather its is said that] the verb [from j.j,
aL, int n.,] is jj.JlI: (TA:) [but see
3 tj,

below.]

(s, Mgh, Myb, V,) thus pronounced by

some, (Q,) and this is the form preferred by ElMeyd/nee, and that which is in the F 9 and its Expositions, (TA,) rendered quasi-coordinate to

~

t and

i3 which it is mentioned in , (, in

art. jit,) also pronounced Jj, (, Ig, [in both of which it is implied that this is the more common form, and such is the case now,]) and it jj, (Meb,) an is allowable to pronounce it arabicized word, (8, !,) of well-known meaning, [i. e. Quicilrer,] (MUb, C,) originally Pers.

t'tj znd sjed or j];

(8 ;) i. q

1jj:(Mgh,

TA:) some of it is drawn in a fluid statefrom its mine, and some is extractedfrom stones of the or vapour, puts mine by meamn offire: its smoker, to flight epents and scorpions from the howe, or AiUe tch of them as remain [therein]. (1[.) Bk. I.

and ll;j, (1 in art. Ojjj, q. v.,) but the like of ,~l_ iis said by ISd to be a form not seen by tjljJ (8, 1) and fijl: (1R:) he cried out, and him on the authority of anyone, (TA,) (A noxiotu And [hence], said of a weed, that grows among wheat; app. darelwras angry. (TA.)(], by implication,) gras; the lolium temulentum of Linn.; so in the tjijl, as also stallion-camel, day;] a certain grain, (Mqb,) the bitter ) jfj, (A,) lHe present or Ilj [only], (TA,) or grain, (M,) that mingles with wheat, ($, M, M9b, reiteratedhis voice, or crJ,in his clhest, and then 1,) anul gives a bad qualit to it: (Mb :) [tAe prolonged it, (A, ], TA,) in hit braying: (A:) grain thus called is often, accidntally,orcarelesly, orjlj, aor. :, he threatened in his braying. (TA.) mixed with wlheat, and caunss giddineu: the llant t [Ie resembles that now callecd,.,, a decocliun of whicl JI 3 _[Hence also,] tell dLs heard tlhe roaring of tlhe war, or battile, and flen is used as an anasthctic: it is said in the ]k in that the J3lj is the same as thoe ;: art. . to it]. (A, TA.) in the TA in that art., on the authosaid but it is 4: see 1, in two places. rity of A Hn, that the grain of the ,!; does not 5: see 1. intoxicate, (as that of darnel-gras is well known do in a certain manner,) and that it is very ;j:see 51;j. Also tAn angry man, who severe to itit said that the bitter: and in the K in art. himselffrom his companion. (IAir, TA.) the a;zl is the Cltj, and the i;;; is the .,4: iI j A thicket, nwood, or forcat; or a bed of TA states more fully in that art. that thoe W is canes or reed#; syn. Z..1; (S, A, J], TA;) as said by AIn to be the Ol jj that is in wheat, also jIj; (IJ, TA in'art. j3j [q.v.];) originally which is cleared therefrom; and that the LiU; is with,; (TA;) [such as is the haunt of the lion; said by AA to be the.,,: Forskll mentions the for] you say, 4; ij k5 -1 [The lion is in his Jljj and the ... t, a different species, among bj ~jQ l m" undetermined plants, and describes the former (A ;) ald SAjJl thicket, &c.]; Aleppensibus notiesima: inter tri(8, TA) i e. Abu-l-.Hdrith [the lion] i the lord thus: zizania ticum viget: si semina restant farincm [sic] mixta, [orforest, &c.]. (TA.) - [Hence,] hominem reddunt ex penis csu temulentum: mesof tle S A garden. (A, TA.) - And S A collection of sores plantam non separant; sred post triturationem 1a4.. camels, or of sheep or goats, dense lika the vanni aut cribri opo semina rejiciunt: (Flora in Aegypt. Arab. p. 199:)] the n. un. is with L. [or thicket, c]. (A, TA. [See also `lj, (Msb.) art. j.j.])

5

a.q.!

1208 jlijl: see what next follows.
liji

[Boox I. ~ The penis; the male organ of generation; (S, A, Msb, l ;) in the dial. of El-Yemen: i. e. absolutely: (TA:) or peculiarly of a human being: (IDrd, A, ] :) or of a boy, in the dial. of El-Yemen: (T, TA :) or of a gazelle, or an antelope: (Eth-Tha'ilibee, TA:) said by IDrd to be a genuine Arabic word: (TA:) dim. t,,j; and sometimes t L"j, with the fem. ;, as being a piece (ai: ) of the body: (Msb :)'pl. [of pauc.] ,.rtLI (Msb, .) and ,.' and [of mult.] ij, (K,) the last extr. [with respect to rule]. (TA.)And The beard; (,Q,K ;) in the dial. of ElYemen: (8:) or the fore part thereof; (K;) in the dial. of some of the people of El-Yemen. (TA.) _ And The nose; (Sh, .;) as some say; in the dial. of El-Yemen. (Sh, TA.) _ And A sort of dates of El-Da.srah; mentioned by Mieyd; as also j r (TA.).t '.i.'l, which is one of the faults of a thling thit is sold, is explained by the lawyers as [The condition of] that whertfo the fruit quickly fall# (MF.) - Also pl. of 1. (A.) this latter sense by an Arab of the desert: (TA :) a coll. gen. n.; masc. and fem.: (Msb :) n. un. with 3. (S, Msb.) =Also Tle .froth, orfoam, of water: (K, TA:) and of a camel's mouth: (L in art. J :) and the poison in the mouth of a serpent. (K.) a.; [is the n. un., and] signifies t A collection of froth, orfoamn, in the mouth of a person speaking, or talhing, nuch : (A,* K :) [or the dual] aji ) signifies tno collections ,f froth, or foam, (S,) or of spittle, (:K,) or of dry spittle, (TA,) in the sides of the mouth, (S, n,here w(,) the lips nmeet, ne.r the tongue. (T'A.) You say, J:14j S'i t lie was angry, and there appeaoredtwno collections tiffroth, or foam, in the two sides of his mouth. (A, TA.) .l;4j, in a serpent, signifies t Twvo black small spots abocve the eyes: (S, K, and Mgh in art. .~ :) or two snmall spots next the mouth thereof: (TA :) or two collections offroth, orfoam, in the two sites of the mouth thereof (TA, and Mgh ubi supri,) when it is angry. (Mgh.) And in a dog,, Tsvo black small spots abore t/he eyes: (j :) or two things abore the eyes, resembling the .iO;,J [see 2] of a cantel: or two pieces of flesh in the head, resembling two horns: or two fangs projectingfrom the mnouth: and other explanations are given by the interpreters of strange words [occurring in the trad(litionis]. (TA.)

8and

.:ljl, applied as epithets to a spear,
ji

are dial. vars. of

(I, TA) and Sjl : (TA:)

spears being thus called in relation to Oj , one of the Kings of Himyer: (. in art. :) as also jjI and 5'jl, both formed by transposition.

(T'3.)
accord. to the K, but correctly j, the verb being like C,, [so that tile sec. pen. is i]j,] and the i,f. n. being ,-j, (MF, TA,) [lie, or it, nas, or became, downy: and he (a man) had abundant and lonqg hair, ntas hairy: or had abundance of hair in the ears annd eyebrows: or had abundance of hair on the .fore arms and the eyebrows and eyes: and he (a camel) had abundance of hair on the face and i,nder the lower jaw: or in the ears and on the or. ,ji 1. .0j,

,)

4j

eyes:] the verb of f.j expl. below. (K, TA.)_ lcence, (TA,) .11 .,j, (1,) inf. n. ,j [perJ Donn; syn. 4j: (A, }g:) and, in a hiaps a mistranscription for ,.jf, (TA,) : The man, (18, A,') abundance of hair, (S, A, .K,) antl

sun nwas near to itting; (J, TA;) because it length thereof: (S :) or, in a man, abundance of becomes concealed as the colour of a limb does hair in the ears aul eyebrows: and abundance of hair on thefore arms and the eyebrows and eyess: by the hair upon it; (TA;) as also t..jl, (TA:) and in a camel, abundance of hair on the (S. n1,) nnd J. (IC.) _ n, aor. k, (LC) face and under' the lon,er jaw: (]:) or in the -,~ a dim. of .j, q.v. (Msi).)Also a inf. n. j,., (TA,) Ie.filled a water-skin (K, TA) ears and on the eyes. (TA.) shortened dim. of .J,l, q. v. (Iam p. 140.) to its head. (TA.) - Also, and ji, like .ttj A pecies of rat whnlich is large and deaf: [nnd ,l.jl], lIe carried, or took up, and cariried, ",j n. un. of, j. (S., M. ) [See the latter or nwhich has red hair: (J:) or which ham red a load, or burden. (TA.) Also Asmnall purulent sw.elling and beautiful hair: (TA:) or which is without throughout.] or ptustule, that comes.forth .pon'the h,and, (S, A, hair: (I :) or a species qf field-rat, of 8. large ,, ($, Mgh, MUb, IS,) inf. n. j, (.,) ]K, TA,) lihke what is termed lie . (TA.) .ize: one thereof is called ~14j: (TA:) or this le conrerted grnpes into .,~j [or raisins]; (S, signifies a deaf rat: (S:) or a deaf' rat of the Mghi, Mb ;) Ase dried grapes, (S,) and likewise a dimn. of,j, q. v. (lslh.) desert: (A:) and its pl. is ,;.j, [or rather thlis is fig; (AIjn, g ;) as also t ,l. (]g.) .Also, 5.~ J[now vulgtrly called ",] (4,) and 6;IJ,. ,,j, (S, ],) Spittle collected in a coll. gen. n. of whici it is the n. un.,] (8, TA,) A bererage and [its pl. is] .t.ij. (TA.) The Arabs make madle frontm ~j [or raisins] (MghI, K) b# steqepthe twao sitlos of his mouth: (g:) or froth, or 1 ing them in water. (Q.)- See also whiat next .fai,a, canteforth upon the two sides of his mouth: it the subject of a prov.: (S:) they say, . 4t,j [MJore thievi.sh than a zebdbeh]. (S, A, follows. (S:) and A6l .. j (IJ, TA) [signifies the same; or] dry spittle appeared at the angles of his lipsx, TA. [Another reading is mentioned in the TA j A seller of ~j [or raisins]; as also t;ext the tongue: (TA:) and V,ji3 (O) and in art. j; namely, aij; which is there said, 6UJ Z t ;i (TA) froth, or foam, appeared on the authority of Ibn-'Abd-Rabbih in the %, in the twro sides of his mouth. (I.) You say, to signify a rat, or monse.]) And they also liken to .j4j A sort of sh;p or boat: (S, . :) a small Uz 3 L ;J ,. ;jU *Sucha one spoke, or it an ignorant person. (S, TA.) It is said in a tral. shilp or boat: p]. (Mob.) Also A .tj. i -, W...1 j .1 talked, ,ntilfi'oth, orfoam, came forth upon the of 'Alee, r'j 1 ,lj certain beast, resembling the eat: (K :) it is an t'o sildes oj' his nouth. (S.) [And in like manner animnal black and white, short in thefore and hind yout say, i ~; ,'j- and d Z j: and lcgs. (Dmr, TA.) . _j t, i. e. [I, by Allah, in that case, alone.] _ See also 1. .jl Downy: (K:) and, applied to a man, were] like thait animal, namely, the she-hlycna, 4: sec 1: ~and see also 2. wehich has been surrounded, and to which it has having.q much hair: (A,K :) or having much and been said ZebdbI! Zebb I! [until it has entered loty haeir: (S, TA: [but accord. to the former, it 5. JIht .,j3 The grapes became converted its hole, and then the earth has been dutg an'ay seemns to be applied in this sense to a camel:]) into .r~t [or raisins]. (Mgh, Msb.) _[Hence,] from it, andit has been dragDedby its hind leg, and or, nplied to mann, having much hair in the slaughtered:] meaning, I will not be like the shc- ears and eyebrows: and having much hair on the . .. i 3 ,qj3 JI t [expl. in art. .. j..a]. hyena that is decoyed to its death: for that animal fore arms and the c!/ebrows andul eyes: (TA:) or, (TA.) _ See also 2, in two places. - [Hence,] probably eats the ,Wj, as it does the field.rat. thlus applied, haring much hair on tihe chest: ,,j, also signifies lse (a man) became filled with (TA.) ~ Also i. q. ~, [A mnessener, or a nes- (Mtsh:) and, applied to a camel, having much raoye, or wrrath. (TA.) .fir: or having much fur on the face: (A:) or senger on a beast of the post: and a collector of having much hair on theface and under the lower 8: seo 1, last sentence. a;iL 1 I c4.jl The the poor-rates: &lc.].(CId: but omitted in the jaw: (K :) or, in the ears and on the eyes: (TA:) nrater-shinbecamefull (1, TA) to its head. (TA.) TA, and in .my MS. copy of the l.) or Iaving much hair on the face and body: and is a shortened dim. thereof: (Ham p. 140:) ~j Dried grapes; R. Q. 1. or raisins: and also dried t . j lse was angry: or he was put figs: (]. :) said by AI.n to have been used in fem. '%j, applied to a woman as meaning having to flight in war. (1g.)

4,j

m

Boox I.]
nmuc hair in the eyebroms and on the fore arms and Jl ;_jl &c.], aor. ·,il, (A, TA,) with and the hands: (A:) and to an ear as meaning 2 keer; (A;) and ,jl1 to.j3. (TA. [Both haaing much hair: (TA:) pl. ,j. (A.) It is these phrases are mentioned together, as though said in a prov., j; .r,jl b [Every one, of to indicate that both signify the same: but IbrD eamels, that har much hair on the face &c. is thinks that the latter means I sallowed the jw, wont to take fright, and run away at random]: like as one swallorr fresh butter: in my copy of for the camel thintks what he sees upon his eyes the A, it is written ,$.JI ;jj3, which is evito be a person seeking him, and consequently dently wrong: perhaps the right reading is hji takes fright, and runs away at random: (A:) the camel to which this epithet applies is seldom, or LJ.1; and the verb in this phrase, quasi-pass. never, other than jA; because there grow upon of that in the former phrase.] his eyebrow small hairs, and when the wind 2. ;'ih C(8,,,) inf n. (];) and (]P3; strikes them he takes fright, and runs away at t ,j; both signify the same [i. e. The side of his random. (., TA.) _ j. l is a name of One of mouth had froth, or foam, appearing upon it; the derils: (I, TA:) mention is made in a trad. like j and 4j3]: (, 1 .:) and *t.p said of , [.. of a certain devil named Laidl .jl: (]g, TA:) a man, [like .jP,] IHe being angry, froth, or but in the L, and in the Secret El-Ilalabee, it is foam, appeared upon each corner of his mouth. written -l ,jl: and it is said to be a serpent. (TA.) See also 4, in two places. ram .I j, (TA in art. ,jl.)_Ll The %:,1 [i.e. podeA, or (A, L,) inf. n. as above, (S,) She separated, or anu], (1., TA,) with iAt hair. (TA.) - ,jlt . loosened, the cotton [with herfingers, or by means 1 A year abundant in herbage. ($, A, Myb, K.) of the bow and rooden mallet], (;,*L, A,) and &.,g s. A -g ... 7.,jl.jo: see ,1l, in two places.-.i, preparedit well for spinning. (L.)

12U
-j [Fresh butter of thd cow or buffalo or sheep or goat;] what is produced by churning from milk (Mgh, Msb) of cowr [or buffaloes] and of sheep or goats; what is thus produced from camels' milk being termed ;A., not .s; (Mqb;) the · j ofOf ~ before it is clariJiedo,er thefire; (L;) [i. e. butter before it is clarified over the fire;] the .s"j [in the CJI, erroneously, 4j] of milk; (., ]g;) wlhat is extracted from milk;

,J,

(MN;) and 'VtIW signifies the same as ds.: ( :) t ;j is a more particular term, (., M, L, M9b,) meaning a piec, bit, portion, or somewAat, of J'.: (L:) and pJI .. « signifies also the froth (;Aj) of milk [if this be not a mistake occasioned by finding .NII expl. as meaning 1.J1 J in-

stead of

I1

(L)

;j

J.sl [tThe clear milh has become distinct from the fresh butter] is a prov., relating to the appearance of the truth after information that has been doubted. (L.) And t 5,;Jl :..t is another prov. [expl. in art. O jj]. (L.) -. I4j has for its pl. u.j, which is metonymically applied to The choice, or best, portion,, [or what we often term the cream (by which word the sing. also may be rendered) of anything; as, for instance,] of discourse, or of a story or the like. (.Har p. 222, q. v.) - [And it also means t An issue, or Crent: (see an ex. voce generally, such as is rclishaMle, or pleasing. Ilence, app.,] one says, 11 ti4 )3Wbti t [The meeting with the; was emlphatically the erent of life; meaning, the most relilshable, or pleasinj, event of life]. (A, TA.)

.,jl t An armny having many spears. (anm 3. tl i ?W Suc/h a one speaks in like p. 26L.) _,. I-A I:1 dubious and manne, as does such a one. (A, TA.) diffcltl question: likened to thdie she-camel that
[has much hair and filr upon the face &c., and consequently] is wont to take fright, and run away at ratidom. (TA.) And i3j al; tA calamity, or misfortune, hard to be borne, severe, (A, V, TA,) and abominable; like '(^Z: (TA) andi

f,t,. (SandAandTAinart..) Hence the prov., · L& l:aa ;;,9i[IIe brought to pass that which was a calamity hard to be borne, &c.] (TA.)
"*js: sec what follows.
.,.. and t .j. Possessingmuch wealth. (Is.)

Jtj
1. Uaj, (AV, 1, A, Mgh, Mgb, ]g,) nor. ', (A9, f, A, M9b,) inf. n. .*j,(A, M9b,) lie fed him with, or gave him to eat~, [i. e.fresh butter,]. (AV, ., A, Mgh, Mb, _ And An.) hence, (Mgh,) OAt,j, (AV, t, A, Mgh, M#b,) or i ~j, (1J, [app. a mistrnseription, for its aor. is there mentioned immediately after without the prep.,]) nor. , (A4, $, A, Mgh, Myb, I,) the verb in the sense here following being thus distinguished from that in the sense preceding, (As, Msb,) inf. n. as above, (As, ., Mgbl,) S lie gre him a gift: (As, A, Mgh, Mqb:) or he gave him somewhat, a little, not much, (?, Ig,) of property, (S,) or of his property. (JB.) - [Hence also,] Si3 . sj, or t:j, I struch him a blown, or shot or cast at him a missile, hastily, or quickly; as though feeding him with a piece of fresh butter. (A, TA.)1XLt (3s,A,) or LtA ,j, (g,) inf. n. as above, (A,) She anitated her milk-skin, (S, A,) or he agtated the milk-shin, (C,)in order that its butter might come forth, (t, 8,) or until its butter came forth. (A.)- And J!jt .dj [app. I put, or added, fresh butter to the meal of parched barley, like as one says. aJI :..

.j

i Nlt, (., , M lb, g,) in£ n. >W!, (Msb,) said of wine, or beverage, (S,) or of the sea, (A, M.hb, K,) &c., (Msb,) or of the sea when in a state of commotion, (S,*A,) and of a cookingpot, and of the mouth of a braying camel, (A,) [&c., see j,] It frothed, or foamed, or cast forth froth or foam: (.,* A, Mqb, K :) and [in like manner] V t, inf. n. j, said of milk, it [frothed, or foamed; or] had froth, orfoam, upon it. (A.) - [Hence,] said of the ~, [or lote-tree], (8, A, K,) ! It blossomed; (., T, TA;) i. e. (TA) it put forth a white produce like the frioth, or foaslm, upon trater. (A, TA.) And, said of the ;3 [or tragacantha], t It put forth its leaf (La,j), and its wood, or branch, became strong, or hard, and its rind, or outcr covering, coalesced, and it blossomed; as also V.j.. (L.) - Also SIt became intensely rwite. (A, TA.)

j Froth,fi,am, spute, or scum: (L:) it is of water, (S, L, ,) h&c.; (Cg;) of the sea, (A, Msb,) &c., like ;j [iN signification]; (PMl,;) and of a cooking-pot; (A ;) and of a camel, (.,) [i. e.] of a braying camecl's mouth, (A,) or the white foam upon the lips of a camel when he is excited by lust; (TA;) and of the cud; and ot spittle; (L;) and [thle ernar, or dross,] of silver: (S :) V ;j is a more particular term (meaning a portion, or somauwhat, thereof]: (P:) the pl. of 5: see 1: and see also 2, in two places. see 5 in ij j0 is ;lf1. (A,TA.)i.s s.j.: 3p t lie salmlomned it (Js) like as one as,raloens art. .. ,> in two places. a piece of fresh butter: (TA:) or he took the *it: sece .j, in four places. clear, or pure, or choice, part of it. (V, TA.) Of anythling of which the clear, or pure, or choice a.,j: scc j. e part has been taken, one says, j. (TA.)[lience,] 'el .jt t.lIe took t/Ae oath hastily; LSJ [B,,tyraccous: a rel. n. from .4]. See was hasty in tahing it. (AA, $, I.) It is said in a prov., 1a laxi; t.He swallowed it [i.e. Itj [Civet;] a certain perfume, wrell knowrn: took it, namely, an oath, hastily,] like as one the lawyers and the lexicologists err in saying swallows butter. (TA in art. JI..) that it is a certain beast, [menninlg the civet-cat,] ,j [originally an inf n.,] A giyt. (?, A, fr.om rohich the perfume is milked: (s :) or this Mgh, Msb.) So in the saying (S, TA) of Mo- assertion is not to be reckoned as a mistake, the' word being tropically thus applied: so says El. hammad, (TA,) mentioned in a trad., J ¢.;i 1 garnifee: and Z and other autlors worthy of coneh,h.j t1 j f i[ Verily ne rwill not accept the fidence thus apply it [as a coll. gen. n.]: Z also d gifi of the believers in a plurality of Gods]. (S, mentions a saying in which tli is applied [as a TA.) And soin the saying, e I .i, n. un.] to an animal of the kind from which the : (A, Mgh, M 9b) i. e. [He (Mobammad)forbade] perfume is obtained: (TA:) this animal is the the acceptance pf the gift [of tlhe believers in a cat, (g,) i. e. the wild cat, which is like the tame, plurality of Gods]. (M 9b.) but longer and larger, and its hair incline more 15'2

..

1210
1

1w2j

ji

[BooK 1.

to blackn : it is broughtfrom India and Abys.- construction, one part upon another; ( ;) [as is .inia: (TA:) the perfume above mentioned is az done in casing a well;] and in this sense likewise thus in the TAk it is an inf. n., of which the verb is Nj. (TK.) fluid, or matter, exuded, (;, and in my M8. copy of the 15, but in the C15 - And ,jlJl eAj, (TA,) inf. n. j, (1,) IIe _j [i.e. dirt],) resembling black viscowus dirt, thre stones at Aim; or pelted him with stones. (TA,) wrhich collects beneath tla animal'sr tail, (, TA.) - And [hence, perhaps, or] from p!j upon the a sw (;J , (s,) and in the inner in the first of the senses expl. above, because him sides of the thighs also, as says Ed-Demameenee: whom you restrain from error you strengthen like as a well is strengthened by its being cased, (TA,) (TA:) [see also j:] the beast is taken, and prevented from struggling, and the said exuded 6i , (8, A, Mgh, Msb, I~,) aor. ;(S, Mghi, Msb, I1) and -, (Ks, K,) inf. n. as above, (., Mglh, accord. to or tj, fluid or matter, or dirt, (J, M,b, 1,) He chid Aim; or clhecked, restrained, different copiea of the ],) collected there, iss orforbade, him mwith rough wpeech: (S, A, M,,h, scrped off with a piece of the exterior part of a* Mb, :) he prevented, hindered, or ,ritliheld, cane, (1,) or, more commonly, with a spoon, him: (, Mgh, C:) he forbade, or prohibited, (TA,) or with a piece of rag, (1,) or a thin him: (]:) he repelled him vwith strength. (MF (TA. [Other in art. j..) [silver coin such as is called] ,&j. You say, C *iA - He reaccounts of this perfume, which are less correct, strained Aim with rough speech,'orforbade and i t I omit.]) See also prcvnted kim, from doing the thing. (TA.)
'1l

1. Q. Q. Q. 1.
Q.

1.

(19) [and app. andj;j (15) (?, A, ].) 1) and.;j

j..jj piece of 1.'; (see .lp)], said or of a gannent, garment, or piece cloth, (?, (., !,K,) A, K,) Ds Its j. .3t [or nap] nap] came came forth; (, K ;*) it liad had Jj. '('TA.)~ '(TA.)~ Also the firat, [and app. the second and third likewise,] He made made a garment, or piece of cloth, to har# hat,e its IJ [or nap] cornd come fot.th. forth. (1.) (1..) [Tliis [This verb and other similar words with hemzeli otlier hemzch next after thej thej are mentioned in the the ]g ]K in a separato separato art. before before art. .j.] Q. Q. 4. 19 soft hair, liair, and a plant, It (fitr, 1k.! (fur, or soft or herbage) grewforth. It (hair) or gr,ewfor,.t. (8, K, TA.) TA.)- 19 bristled up. (.1R, bristled (S, A, A, K.) K.)lIc He (a dog [and a horse]) bristled ul) his hair. hair. (S, ..) Marrir Marrar u,p his Ihn-Mun.kid El-gandlialeo El-l.andlialeo etys, says, (., TA,) deIbn-Aftttbkid describint, (TA,) scribing a horse, (TAJ

[And he is of a yellorish yellowish red vtd colour on on A# tei ocradon of of ltis dark up liic kis ltair, tair, and of a dark. lis bristlitig bristling ttp casion bay coloui. his hec does not bristle up his as he colour' as long at hair]. (, - Also Hs (S, TA.) lie (a cat) had abunIe Xa <a man) prIdpreAnsd 17e dance of of hair. (TA.) - And TA:) and &f-, also, a is syn). wilth IA , like pared for evil, (15, TA:) TA:) or became became cvil, or miscljicr: misehicf: (1, 1 [The watery part of milk;] that a bristaffectedi by a quaking, or trembling, and a ij. ($.I,) and As says, I heard an Arab qffecleti A.: [part] in which is do good, of milk. ($, 15. [See ling-lup of the hair. lipig-tili uhair. (TA) 3 .. i Ui, meaning of the desert say, i alo ;tj.]) It is said in a prov., .tiiJ £. l A - [The [The storis casing of of the A Stories. Stones. (1.) (1K.) stone casing tlhe .LJ and ;jt.E$ [i. e. 1 know my wrriting, or . 1 I (O) [The thick milk became mixed witA tie handwriting]: (S:) and Fr says, It is either an intep-ior And hence,] interior of a well: see J ... thin watery part: or] thte good became mixed 1 or inteUiqence, A, intellet, or intelligence, (?, A, t Understanding, intelket, inf. n. of tj, meaning he nrote, thoughi I know with the bad: relating to a caue of difficulty, and andjudgment, (TA,) aiid selfpestraing: K,) and judgment, (TA,) aud self-restraint: (?, applied to the mixture of truth withi falsehoo(d. not the verb with teshldeed, or it is a simple subst. A:) originally an inf. n. [accord. to some; some; but (L. [See Freytag's Arab. Prov., i. 434: and see like aJ,3: (TA:) thus ,j is syn. with .,: tliie this is evidently a mistake, as is shiown sitown by by phrases phruw A (A'Obeyd, T and $ in art.)5:) [and so, perhaps, in whicih 'il.]) See also . . 12 and t (?.) One wliieii it is couplled coupled withli witli J.]. And A.]. 3,j significs also I says, certain idaNt, (., .K) growing in the plains, or is j with , understanding, or ininsays, A A dJ La L t lIc lie has has not understandixy, soft land, haring broad leaves, and a [peicarp read it, or recited it; [or did so with a low, or tellect, or intelligence, nor &cy-restyaiist: self-restraint: (?,A:) (., A:) such as is called] IL: it somietines gronw in faint, voice;] like o is; [q. v.]. (As,TA.)understanding to be relied stpon. *pon. orjudgmmnt: orjudgment : or ituderstandinq wj an JA hard ground, is eaten by men, and is good, or j3j is also "Jn. mitlh;A. [as meaning The act of (TA.) And J^.3 * J ,j .j 0: and d j.*i I..aV; pleasant: Agn ays that it has smtall, contracted, speaking, or speech as a subst.]: (1K:) [SM says,] Jy@l ji C^i > ,Jl see * -= ace dust-coloured leaves, like thoe of the ' `,;2j, thus it is foundinall the copies: but [ce adds] I have tlio wind, wlien when it Yeem veers, says also of thle and its branchas, or twigs, spread out: and he not found any authoritntive ex. of it, so it requires J '. One guys to the TK, how(TA.) [Accord. consideration. or sliifte, and does not continue to blow from one shifts, as also .tlj, the adds, AZ says that the %W, has not steadines]. (TA.) ever, one says, . t. l j . a JLt, meaning I point, ~ J -t [£It latter like .o,l [in measure], is of the [Ihind of See ftloo nlsoo,. plants called] jl.a; [ll. of ., q. v.]: (TA:) asked him, and hk spoke not to me a speech, or sentence ] Accord. to the ], 3j is also syn. [some say that it is the psyllium. (Freytag's A [A thing] irrilecia; nit j .~ [meaning The being patient,or patience]: A W) wrritten; as nlso also t,:cj: t.: (s:) Lex.) See, again, J,.I.] one says,, _9wj dJ lo: ISd says, This is men- [or] a wtvriting, tvriting, or book; (;) (S.;) as also ,q,, of tioned by IA.r; but in my opinion, the meaning the measure measure J311 J 1 in' in the sense of the measure ti,4tO: see the next preceding paragraph. (Mab, j,S: (M j|a. ($, Mqb, Msb, K,) like JqS: 9 b, TA:) .tj Posseuing, or a possessor of, j [or here is j,.. (TA. [See Hj below.]) [Or, as sign;fyinany irrifing or book: or any any syn. with ,o,it may be an inf. n.: for, accord. to jo ;j signifying wrriting fre;h butter]; (L ;) as also t ~;.p. (15:.) the TK, one says, A v d.eJ,meaning l]e did divine book book with irhicla it is difficult to become wrhicA it . .i, )-] acquaiisted: a book that is cop#fined to ilitelconfined to intelacquainted: or a _. [A frothing, orfoaming, sea; or] a not endure it with patience ('.e o' leyal statutes or ordi.ojW, He (a ram) wvas, or became, bulky. lectual science, exclusive of leelal tumu;ltuous, frothing, or foaming, sea. (., A.) inf n. nances: (TA:) V signifies particularly the t J ,, Intensely white. (A, (Lth, TA.) [Henc,] ;.p,. Book [of the Psalms] of David: , (S, Mgb, Mgh, Mqb, Mhb, the TA.) 2: see 1, in two places. Sriac [or K:) and and also, and j5t the S7riae 1 jJ5 Wh, the J.. 4. jl lIe (a man, TA) was, or became, large see ,atl;. Hebrew] pl. of; ofA ism; is,; Hebrew] langtiaqe: languiage: (IFgh:) (M6gh:) the PI. in body. (1~.) - And lie was, or became, (SS, ]g and die the pt. pl. of tj,.wj %V*jis is Aj. (, Msb,.) (S, . ;) and courageous, brave, or strony-lhartcd. (1.R.) It is is said in the ]ur 1 j K5ur [xxi. 105], uk. L," t I rendler-ed hin (a ram) bulky. 4a3jl, inf. n. ;t, tW.jI, meaning mwe S JJ y 0~ M JY-iljl mennitbg And me have 1. ',tl j, (A, TA,) [aor. ', and perhaps (Lth, TA.) ;vy.iii#n after booh sent dopvn down to David, a written 't'n in the book (, ,) He H,, caed the wellU, or also,] inf. n. "" [or Book of the Law remakd Moses]: revealed to Moses]: the S ;I; 5. H,j He (a man) quaked, or trembled, by ths walled it internally, with stones. (8, A, R.) 1J.5p 'Aboo-Hureyreb, TA:) Sa'eed Ibn-Jubeyr read (Aboo-Hureyreh, (TA. [See also Q. Q. 4.]) reason of anger. or also signifies The disposing a building, ,A
'j
-

LJI , J He chid and repelled the beggar ;ae, ( like ;~ , [in measure], Fresh butter And speech. (TA.) i~j, (., A, Msb,],) with rough (.tj) that Aas become bad, or spoiled, in the aor. ' and ;, (8, g,) inf. n. as above, He wvrote cAurning: or, as some say, thin milk. (TA voce (Q, A, Msb, .O) a writing, or book: (A, Msb:) ;!., q. v.) [See also 1 4J,l ";, below.] or he wrote it firmly, skilfully, or well: (TA:) and he inscribed, or engraved, tupon stones: (Az,

A

W

Boox 1.]

1211
for a bitcll (.aeLb [if this be not a mistranscription]), of the fem. gender. (TA. [In one copy of the S, I find only the last three words of this lj il verse: in another, it commences thus:

Aj, applied to a lion, (S,TA,) and to a man, jjJJl, [pl. of X 1,] and said that it means the Book of the Laiv revealed to Moses (;lZt) and (TA,) Strong; (AA, 8, K, TA;) as also *. t!e Gospel and tke K.ur.dn [together]; and that (F·) b.UI means what is in heaven: (TA:) and .)j: see .A, in four places; and see ;j, in some also read Mj in the iKur iv. 161 and two places. xvii. 57. (S, TA.) JeC: see yj. =Applied to a ram, DBulky: yj, syn. withltIfi) &c.: se e1J. (Lth, TA .) or large in the ;j [q. v.]: or cornpact. (TA.) Applied to a man, Strong: and W;.t A piece of iron: (S, Mgb, K:) or a big also acute, tharp, or quick, in intellect; elever, ($, M MJ piece of i,on: (TA:) pl. 9b, K) and'j. ingenious, skilf,l, knoning, or intelligent. (TA.) (., I.) The former pl. occurs in the Kunr xviii. -- Also A calamity, or mnisfortUne; (Fr, g;) 98. (..) It is'also said in the ]ur [xxiii. ,5], and so .'.;3, (Mol.nmmad Ibn-I.Iabccb, TA,) which has been said to have this meaning in a (S, TA,) avid i; , ,~ ,aI '1 L-, dLI,($, TA,) in both cases; verse of Ibn-Alumar cited below voceetj. (TA.) (TA;) meaning (Fr;) [i. e., Bult they 'kave becom dirided, in = And Black mudtn; or black Jfiid mud. (fgeh, their state, among themselves, into parties:] or 1.) lh whro reads IA`j makes it pl. of ,t;j, not of sec the next paragraph. ;..j; for the measure Wi does not assume the

e7.

given, except that.311 is put in the place of 31.])

c. lt : in the TA, the former reading is

tle returned dis One says also, 9~jj,j & appointed, or unsucrcesful; (TA;) without hkaing obtained anytlling; (1B, TA;) and rwithout having accomplished his want. (TA.) .J¥~: see , l : places. J,j: see j. and see also j.jj, in four

a ,..
see art. j.

1,

m, ::nre J3W in the pl.; and the meaning is, they have mQade their religion [to he fountled npon] ;.j (S, and K in art ,t.j, in the Cli [erroj is pl. of i'J: or it may be various books: and; neously] writtenS , and .,j, (~, 1,) sometimes and origib:allyl *J, being changed thus pronounced, (,) or this, whvichl is mentioned also pl. of t*j;, therefrom, like as sonic of the Arabs are related to by IJ and ISd, is incorrect, (K,' TA,) and t,j luave said ;3. fur the pl. of which w, is and 'bJ and .;J, (K in arts.,lj and j,) atAer the same as also ... j ore.j (as in two different copiesof originally and regularly ,.; manner as when one says .o for ,.e, and ilhe g in art. .:j) or >.j (as in anothier copy of ;JU- for U and nj: this ol 1 inion is strengtthened the Il and in the O and TA in the same art.) by AA's allowing the reading \Ij and je annd and' j (acord. to a copy of the K in that art.) Ij;gol/ being a contraction of lj', like as a; is or.j, (O and TA in that art, and so accord. to of j;&. (I 1B, TA.) - The anril (K.) of a black- one copy of the g,) [The nap, or rillous subsmith. (TA.) 1 The ujpper MI'rt of the back, stance, tipon the sUifuce oJ' a ga.iment, or piece oJ naext the neck; or the part between the twro cloth;] whtat is upon the su;face of a new garshoulder-blades; or the part nrhere the neck is ment, or piece of cloth, like tohat is upon tie joined to the back-bone; syn. j.LM.: (K1:) or suiface of [the bind of cloth called]'i; (, TA;) the place of the JLte.: (S:) or a certain thing the..l of [the kind of cloth called] .., and of a rising fron the 0Jbh.: (TA:) pl. in this sense, ;lil; or this is a pl. p., as thlough it were pl. a ., and of any garment, or piece of cloth; (Ltil, TA;) the j..j of a garment, or piece of of .j, and this were pl. of ;A in this sense. clothl; (AZ, TA;) or ,vhat appears of the j;i strengthened ,J 0, He Heej (TA.) One says, [q. v., here meaning nap, or villotts .substance,] Jis J,I and1his bachfor ite affair. (TA.) of a garment, or piece of cloth. (IJ, K.) [Hence] Also, hence, (,,) The accumulation, or mass, of ; L1JJ,o .... J: [lit. hair w'hich is between the slholder-blades of the one says, o.tj and shook off its Days took away itsfieshines, lion; (S in a,t. .J ;) [the mane of a lion;] the age became old. (A, TA.) nap]; meaning its collection !f hlnir (Lth, A, K) between the sboulder.?j 3d. . (8,A,1) and* (. , K) blades of the lion &c., (C,) or upon the place of And ? the J.tI [expl. above], and upon the elbows, of and * -:, (0,) as also *,.., (S, and K in art. the lion; (Lthl, A;) and any hair in a similar ,.j,) and ?.j, incorrectly written in the K collected state. (Lth, TA.) - And [bence,] ;,jJI 6.,, (TA,j't le toolk it altogetlher, (., A, ~,) tA certain asler,ism; (V;) two bright stars [A leaving nothing of it. ($.) Ibn-Ahmar says, and 0), (S, .K,) in the >.14 [or part of the back *~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ next the neck], (1K,) or which are the Cfi4.,

A1and t 4 (tle latter written in [some of] the copies of (hlie . [not in all of them, for j', which is in th¢Ck. it is written as above,] a mistake, TA) Large in the ; [q. v.]: (S, ] :) the former applied to a man, and the latter to a lion: (S:) or, accorl. to ISd, Khlbuid Ibn-Kul. thioom is in error i,, saying that the latter is an elithet applied to thle lion; and that the correct word is &jIo',: the t cm. of the former is :'5s. (TA.) - Also the former, Annoying, or hurting. (sgh, I.)_-_ fi,j -L. , [Zebrd has beconme IHis anger has excited], (s5,) or jli cli& become excited, is said of any man when this linhas been the case: (TA:) [it is said tliat] Zcbra was a clamorous and foul.tongued slave-girl of ElAhnaf Ibn-1eys; and when she was angry, lhe 3: and it became a used to say, 4jA ,..qt proverb. (S, TA.) ;.:j: seo L y,. A writing-reed; (., A, I, TA;) a reed with which one writes. (TA.) S. J4: see art. . j.
0- .

j

;1

t' 3I tp;: see~jl.
o,'p ,. A riell cased, or walled internally, with stones. (S.) - See alsoMi.

w.p

andy'"

(. , g) and

j,. and t

,

(S,) of Lco; (S, .K;) one [namely the Elerenth] of the AIanitions of the lMoon: (8, K:) [nalso calltd OUl~.J,: see this word: and see.-iJ Jja-, in art. jij :] it is of the dial. of El-Ycmen. (TA.) [This description is incorrect if applied to the constcllation as at present figured; but doubtless correct when applied to it as figured by the Arabs. zrzw, in his description of Leo, says that they are two stars, on the belly, and on the projectingpart of the haunch-bone, of Leo.] -Also Thq breast, or what projects of its upper pirt, (syn. ;,t.,) of any beast. (TA.)

i. e. t [And if a howler of Ma'add utters an ode in which is a fault,] it is attributed to me altogether, (.,* L,) when I have not been the authlor of it: (I.:) the last word, accord. to Aboo-'Alee [El-Fhrisee], beinlg imperfectly decl. because made a proper name for the o..a3, and therefore combining the two qualities of being determinate and being of the fem. gender: so he said in answer to a question of IJ: but some say that the said word there means a calamity, or misfortune: and IB says that it is a proper name

or '; 'J and ;fe, (accord. to diffrent copies of Ilhe i,) the lhird and fourthil and the fifth and sixthi said by Fr to be dial. vars. of the first and second, (sgh, TA,) A garment, or piece of cloth, upon it: (., g:) [or the upj) havi.g nap ( second and fifth and sixth, haring its nap made. to comeforth :] or thle first is applied to a man [as meaning making to hare its nap come forth; and so the third and fourth]: and the second, to a garment or a piece of cloth [as having the second of the meanings expl. above; and so the fifth and sixth]. (TA.)
....

-'7? ;:

1212
.s ~~p.: · ·1.t.

[Boox 1. .. (Lth, $, I;) i. e. A ,whirlwind of dust [or sand] lj. see Jelj4, in art. rising into the sky; (TA;) a wind that raises the dust [or sand] and rises towards tihe ty as though 1. ; aJ: seeo. it were a pillar: (S:) [ have measured several of these whirling pillars of dust or sand, with a J...: see LDj.a , in art. tj. sextant, in circumstances peculiarly favourable to accuracy, in Upper Egypt, and found them from Jo five hundred to seven hundred and fifty feet in height:] it is said [in the present day] that in the 1.- jt ((j , M,b, F,) aor. , (Mob,) or:, :,) aluj is a devil, insolent and nudaciou.n in pride inf. n. j and jJ, (Mgb,) .li dunged, or - lj [is the pl., and also] manured, (S, K,) land, (?,) or seed-produce; (1 ;) and rebellion. ((.) he put land into a good state for sowing, with signifies Calamities, or misfortunes. (TA.) and the like. (Mib.) [In a copy of the M, in art. .,, this verb is written ?jj, which I ';t3 believe to be post-classical.] ~And 3j, in£ n. 1. Js;,(IF, $, Misb,;,) nor., (A'Obcyd, 8, ;j; and tVJjl; lie bore, carrierl,or took up K) and ., (s,) inf. n. j.j, (TA,) .Heplucked out and carried, a thing; as also Jj and J..jl. (IF, ., Mgh, Oj) his hair, (IF, 8,) or the hair, A Such a (TA.) You say, i iU j (M#b,) or his beard. (].)_ -t'M .j one is strong to bear, or carry, or take up and She (a woman) cast forth her child. (IbnIt (a place, carry, the n,ater-sdin. TA.) -And Also, (Ii,) inf. n. as above, Buzurj, TA.) or ground,) celd, or retainM, water. (TA.) (TA,) He miaed a thing with (..,) another thing. (K.)He made a man to enter into 2. .j: sce 1. [It is thus commonly pro(..) a thing, and a house, or tent, or chamber. nounced in the present day in the sense first (IKh, TA.) - He confined a man (Ay, A'Obeyd, anigned above to Jtj.] IF, 1) in a prison. (TA.) - He straitened a 8. )t)jt: sec the first paragraph. man. (TA.)_ - He made fadt, or bound or tied fast or firmly, a sheep, or goat, and a lamb, or ~jq (S, Mgh, Mob, g) and 3dj (°) tq. ;l. kid, round the neck, with a cord; like y (Mgh, ,,TA) [Dung oj - (;) or ^j( (IKh, TA.) _ Also He brohe a thing. (TA.) solid-loofed animals, orfrh dung hor or other or - And He opened a lock. (TA.) of camels, theep and goals, wild oxen, and the 2. 4j, inf n. L. .: see its syn. L'j, in like; used for manure]; and the like thereof. art. j,j. i. A baS, (TA.) mAnd the former, i.;. . L " [i. which a man put his travelling. lie ornamented, or adorned, himself; or receptacle, in HJ3 5. provi.ions; and any other thing that is contcyed like Ljj. (Aboo-Tur&b, TA in art. OLj.) behind him on his beast: &c.]. (AA, TA.) 7. kj;l He entered (IKh, IF, ., ]) into a ) ij A mnorel, gobbet, or mouthful. (Apr, -. house, or tent, or chamber; (IKh, IF, 1 ;) and he entterd into it and concrealed himsuelf: (TA:) iLjL : see J4j, in two placcs. [quasi-passa. of ,j, or] formed by transposition from .tjA. (., TA.) And [simply] He hid, or j~j~: ace the next paragraph. j.;l concealed, himself. (TA.) - And Otj A thing ltat the ant trill carry in its iXi.JI He became caught, or entangled, in tht mouth: (Q, ], TA: [in some of the copies of the snare. (Lh, TA.) is put &t2.:Jt, which, m ]g, in the place of all C.He, L or it, did not stand, or serve, is said in the TA, is a mistake:]) or as nmuch as * j .; intead of anything. (TA.) the gnat nrill carry. (TA in art. 1jj.) Hence . s Oll 1 aund 'J4j lIe 1jp A man very evil, bad, unijust, mischievous, the saying, 14lj ' or corrupt: and a woman narrom in disposition. obtained not from such a one anything. (IDrd, (Ibn-'Abbhd, TA.) rljj Cj; L I did not takeoroam Ig, TA.) And

Q. 1. lIe ebellished, beautiied, adort,d, or decorated, a thing. (TA.) .! Embellishment, ornament, or docoration; consisting in cariegated,orfigured, work; or in jewels, or gem; (., /4, TA;) and the like: (f, TA:) embllishmret,ornament,or decoration,ofweapons: (TA:) and anythingbeautiful. (Th,TA.) [Hence,] JI The vanitie andfinery of ttu present world or state of existence. (TA, from a trad. of 'Alee.)- Also Gold: (?, ]:) o some say. (..) -And Thin clouds, in which is a redness: (Fr, C, V:) or clouds spotted in the surface with blacknes and redness: or light clouds which the wind swres away, or ditmerses: or red clouds: but AZ says that the first of these is the correct signification: and clouds spotted like the leopard, seeming to be such as ill give rain: and thin clouds, in which is no water. (TA.) .wk* E,nbellished, adorned, or decorated: applied u an epithet to ~.wj [either in the first or second of the senses expl. above, as is indicated in the .8; and ablo au meaning clouds, au is likewise indicated in the .: in each case merely heightening the signification]. (.8,1.) You say also toj .ta~ [app. meaning Variegated cloud,]. (TA.)

Aj

,~~j [The chrysolite; a certain green diaphoa nos gm;] a well-known gem; ($, Mb,;) also >j; (TA;) i.q. IjJ; (~ and g in art. )I3 ;) or mid to be so; (Mqb;) [but this appears (TA:) to be a mistake ;] or it is a kind of :.j: the miec in which it reeives its being is in the mine of the >jt, with which it is found; but it is very rare, more so than the ..*J: at the present period, the year 640 [of the Flight], none whatever of it is found in the mine: som species of it are of a dark green eolour; some, light green; and some, of a middling hue of green, of a good water, and ery transparent, and thee are the best and the mt costly pecis thereof (EtTeyfshee, in De 8acy's Chrest. Arabe, 2nd ed., i. 207, q. v.)

,/dj]A beard him, or it, anything: ($:) and * lj al3j a means the same: (B1:) and in like manner, pluced out s also t* . (s.) .o -m .o.. tC [ Ie, or it, did not stand him t;Ll ? .;: J, mentioned in the . and MQb in this art., in stead of anything; or profit hin at all]. (TA.) sijjl The name of a certain det~l; (Lth, ;) to which some add, inolent and audacious in and said in the latter to be of the measure J: Hence also a saying of Ibn-Muklb,il cited in art. pr~d and rebellion: (TA:) or a certain chief of see art. J.j. ljj, conj. 8. (S, TA.) [See also itJ4.] the jinas,or genii: (., ] :) said to be one of those, 0.j: see J:, in art. nine or ~ in number, spoken of in the Kur-dn j (S, .8 Msb, g) and J ( , ) and t 'Je4 [xlvi. 28], as listening to the Kur-dn. (TA.) h.J, (g, TA,) the last mena,lj An angle of a house: or the like of a (, , b, ) and V And hence, iij, (, ],) and (gJ,) or as some J1 [q. v.] in a house (K, TA) or building, (TA,) tioned by .gh, on the authority of Fr, (TA,) A say, (., TA,) Laijj .l, (., and so in some copies in which are turning [or zigzag] angles: (lI, TA:) [basket of palm-leaves, nch as is called] Jf., (M9b,) or Wi: or a .l q: or a .3 (, TA) of the ],) or ;i)j Al, (as in other copies of the so says Lth. (TA.) ],) and, (I,) as the children of the Arabs of the ,.~tj One who pluchk out the hair of his beard, in which things are carried: (TA:) a thing wrell $,Jor AVJ g,, becaum of hisfoolihnau,or stapidity. (El-Wezeer known: ( desert call it, (Lth,) *,3 pl. P:) (of the first, MYb) Jj (It]b, third, MIb) .K)and *3Cj, (],) and (of the V (accord. to differeont copies of the J,) i. q. ;; Ibn-El-Maghribee, TA.) j 5 1
;

~W: see the next preceding art.

(]g, TA, in the Cl.

Atj.

Boos I.]

1213

4J ; j, i.e. 8J he repents, repels the other [if able to do so] wanted: you say, Jtol and ' J,) j [lVith him are palm-leaf-bashets of from the obligation that he has imposed upon [He las taken] what he roanted [of the property], lhim. (TA.) (J,) and,lJ i > [of thefood]. (TA.) dates]. (TA.) - For the first, see also *j . 0-. j 3. Alj, (K,) inf. n. .lj.4, (TA,) i.q. l >4j A ride; a lateral, or an adjacent, part or ) - [And [lHe contended, or strove, ,vith hitn in pushing, Il(j Sireepings. (Myb in art. ... or quarter: (] :) [and so, app., &,j and tract One says, or thrusting, or in pushing, or thrusting, away; hence, Anything; like Jtj and ij.] with J, *. ,>. lj kim, &c., being pushed &cc. by him; *Ftj: for] yon say, ,.Ul Y. It, (8,) or jl, (K,) and .ftl, (TA,) or he puslied j, and signitwo fet-baha,] 'a;l with (g.) as Lj, fet-l; [as well or he pushed against him]. j, i. e. [There is not in the vessel, or the well, in O) Mob, Mgh, (S, dates fies [also] The selling with kesr, meaning lie alighted aside, or apart, and the water-shin or mtilk-skin,] anything. (8, their fresh rips state (S, g) upon the heads of from his people, or party; as though he were g, TA.) the palm-trees for dried dates (S, Mgh, Mgb, 1) thrust from their place: scarcely ever, or never, j3 A collector of J.j: (Msb:) one whose by mneasure; (Mgh, Msb;) wlich is forbidden, used otherwise than as an adv. n. [of place] or as because it is a sale by conjecture, [or] without mea- a denotative of state. (TA.) - Also A piece of occupation is to carry Jj. (TA.) [In the pre- suring and without weighing: (S, TA:) it is from cloth [shaped] after the fashion of the tent ("b sent day it means A scavenger, or dustman.] mutual contention and it leads to C) dl; because [(a kind of crtained like the ai. 0. 0 repulsion: (Mgh :) and in like manner, the selling canopy p'eparedfora bride]. (I.) see M.j. ,Jj: any fruit upon its trees for fruit by measure: (~, TA,) like i., (TA, [:il in the (j, ;~,j and Jlj (.,1i.) and k}lj anld Jlj, bnit see 1, last sentence: (TA :) accord. to M&lik, any mostly without ., (K,) [npplied to a man,] So,rt. selling or buying of a thing by conjecture, not CI being a mistranscription for O4jlp,]) Ve-e knowing its mneatre nor its number nor its weight, (f, K-) ment in pushing, or thrusting; and so t 'j. for something ni med of that wrhich is measured J.Jj A calamity, or *isfortune: (Ibn-'Abbid, and reighed and numbered: or the selling of a (19, TA.) (TA.) 'jj. Il,. 5:) thing kitown for a thing unkntown of its kind: or the selling of a thing unknown for a thing uni: see 3eij, hnon:n of its hind: or a b,uying and selling in Je; s *nild id the pl. jetl3 in four plhces. wrrltich is a mutual endeavour to endamage, or a . ' Oi: I. in a kind in which en(--i- ',) orerteach, 0ee 3,,tj: ;j.(S, Mgh, Me,, K.) annd ak4. (S, Ml),K) j: (P, M-gh, bloth, 1 :) a place damaging, or overreaching,is not allowable; (.;) A uplace of hecause, in this case, he who is endamaged, or Ljl The hind leg of a she-camel: (TA:) tho ,rhere Jj is tlhowtil own: (A, I:) pl. J. overreached, desires to annul the salc, and lie who hind legs of tie she-camel are called l"" (' , (Tr.) cidamages, or overreaches, desires to make it take TA) because she pushes, or thrusts, with them. effect, so tlihy repel one another, and contend. (TA.) (TA.) 1. &j, (Msb, TA,) and d4 :j, (TA,) nor., ij One who pushes, or tAtnuts, or wrho l,~ji They removed their tents from pushes, or thrusts,' aay, [or owho pushes &e. 4. .SI (., M, Mghl, Msb, I,) (M.b, TA,) ianf. n. 0, way. (TA.) much or vehemently, or who is wont to push &c.,] lie puJlsed it, or thrust it; or pushed it, or thrust the road, or ' a namely, a thing. (Msb.) A she-camel that pushes, or it, auway; (~,' Mgh, Msb, 1,*TA;) 5: see 10, in two places. another thruets, or that pushes, or thrusts, away, (Mgh, thiing from or a TA:) thing: (Myb, 6. Il.lj i. q. lMtl3 [T(hey contended, or strore, thing. (M,* TA.) You say of a she-camel, .j3 together, in pushing, or thrusting, or in pusking, Myb, g,) or that kicks, or strikes, and pushes, t'_l. #She pushes, or thrusts, or she pushes, or or thArusting, awlay; or they puthed, &c., one &c., (., TA,) her milker, (S, Mgh, Myb, KI,') [or with her stiJle.joint: thrust., anway, her milker. (Mgh, Msb, TA.) another; or pushed against one another]. (TA.) with her hind leg (Mgb) see 1]: or that is wont, or accustomed, to push, A 1 .ji, (TA,) She And C--ij, (6s,) or pb. 7. I.jjl They removed, withdrew, or retired &c., her milker. (TA.) Hence, (A,) ono says q · ' · · her sti/ie-joints (TA) on the to a distance. (K.) w,ith (a camel) struch i ; .J - (., A, Myb, O) meaning : A difficult, occasion of being milked: ' j being [generally] [i.e. treated or stubborn, mar or battle; likened to the she-camel 10. 1_j1 Ile made him a OMJ; j, with the hind wilth the stifle-joitits; and , him as such;] meaning a simpleton, orfool; one termed CO3jj: (A, TA:) or that dashes men [one leg; and laz, withi the fore leg. (., TA.) And much, or often, endamaged, or overreached, de- againstanother],and pushes, or thrusts, them: (S :) She (a camel) pushes, fr'auded, or deceived; as also * ij: bl> ,wp t.J~ i> (Mgh :) or in which one portionpushes, or thrusts, or puslas or thrusts away, another, by reason of multior thrusts, away her young one fi.omr her udder or j;qjZl and A.j3 are like a. -l and ;i tudinousness: (Ig:) or it is thus called because with her kind leg. (M, TA.) And.:j iHe [both app. meaning le esteemed himi ;, i.e. it repels the valiant men from advancing, through pushed, or thrust, them away; put them away, weak in judgment, and therefore liable to be enor removed them from their place. (TA.) And damaged, or overreached, defrauded, or deceived; fear of death. (Msb.) - As meaning a. [i. e. t Unintelligent, or having little intelligence], and of war, or battle, (,..,.;) one says, ,.W'I '.,, like as <az--'w and ia both signify "he [syn. with J.l, and hence, as will be meaning ! It dashes men [one against another], esteemed him i. e. weak"]; or like .L,iAl .j-t. i.b, seen from what follows, app. here used in tihe and pushs, or thrusts, them. (S, TA.) - And and tA. [both app. meaning he esteemed him un.2 ' ", . ..- Ln .; j, inf. ni.as above, t Tlhou intelliysnt, or one having little intelligence]. (TA.) sense of ta dealer ,ith others in buying and JU3ao ii& often has, though, selling, a meaning which JaI hast turned away ftrom us thy present and thy 0 0I do not know any in art. Jj., I have slhown as apart standing (,,) house, tent, or · j A meanproperly bounty, orfavrour: accord. to Lli, ing thou hast turned them away from thy neigh- .from the [other] tents or houses: (] :) as though authority for assigning this meaning to j..A], See also (S, K~, [the latter explanation thus written in my bours and acquaintance to others: or, accord. to it were pushed from them. (TA.)the A, : thou hast withdrawn, and withheld,from ij- j .3i.o A narrow standing-place, upon copies of the $ and in my MS. copy of the ]( and j' also signifies which a man cannot stand by reason of its in the CI, but in the TA, and hence in the T]~, us thy present &c. (TA.) trees for [other] narrowness and slipperiness. (TA.) - [In one :J-y, upon its fruit any which has no meaning, that I know of, The sellting in this instance,]) it is post-classical, appropriate (see 3): place in the C1, C. lI is erroneously put for .fruit by measure: (. :) whence t ."1JI1 of the language of the people of the not (g,) it has been forbidden, because of the fraud, or it signifies a simpleton, or fool, ( :) desert: deceit, and the ignorance, attending it: and is thus termed because either of the two parties, when 'jj : see CHj. ~ Also A want, or thing roho is endanaged, or defrauded, (M;N,) much; j3wj. (Myb, TA.) One says,
;J

I

1214 by a tropical attribution [of the meaning of z Sa corpio], cited by IAsr, is expl. as mianing "li pas. part n. to a word whicil has properly th(e is uncircumcised, except the part from which the meaning of an act. part. n.; because the person . has contracted;" hlis 'A being likened to tlus termed is as thloughi hc were pushed, or the jtj [and his ;.* to the ~j]: and he is thrust, away]: (Mgh:) it signifies also to apur.related to have sanid that lie who is born when the chaser; because ho pushes away another from the moon is in Scorpio is unprosperous: but Th says, thing that is sold; [or because he is often duped;] I asked him respecting this saying, and he disand in this sense, [a sense in which it is commonly allowed it, and said, No, bat lie is a low, or mean, now used, or as meaning a cuswtomer; and also a or sor(lid, person, who does not give food in dupe,] it is a Post-classical word, not of the lan. winter; and when the moon [in winter] bites the guage of tile people of the desert. (Msb.) [Thc extremities of tile .j , [i.e. enters Scorpio,] it p). now commonly used is ,p-, and some say is most iitense cold. (TA.) = See ilso Jl*j. _wj..] It is said in a post-classical prov., 1jJI ,- > A [wllich I would render t The dupc rejoice rvithout anything, or at nothing]: (ilMeydl:) or ,,I td;)l, meaning [t The dupe rqjoices at the least, or the meanest, thing: or] the dealer (Jt.lJ) or the purchla.er (U5e.h) ns tho word significs in the dial. tlhe pcoplec of El-Baramh. (Ianr p. 7), q. v. [Tlhe editors of the sec. ed. of Do Sacy's l.lar, to whiclh refercnec is here mnelc, say, (Noles, p. 90,) " Nous pensons qulo lc mot ,jyjJ1, d;mns 1'acception qt'il prentd dantt cc proverhe dtlri Ye dtutlchaldecn T1.! ' vendre.`" (This *erb is written in tlih Lex. of Gesenius lQ!.) See also DC Saey's Clhrest. Arabc, see. ed., plp. 180-190.] = Also A well in which is a receding in its Zl:. [or plare wvhere the water collects, or place reachedl by the water tvhen it ret urns and collects after one has drawn firom it, &e. ; (sce art. ;) nj as though its casing were puished back. in iliat partl. (IQ(.) Anrid [An inner vest; so in the present (lny; pl. aLjl ;] a thi;ag that is cut so as to fit the body, and svorn. (TA.) maitthe sing. of which jl t is the dual.
he

[Boox I. . robab)ly,] ;Bj ; p 1i iqq. [app. meaning A man who defends his honour, or reputation: see ,$ ']: (, TA:) or a m,an who

d,fends ichat ix behind his bach (.a

;cj

.

[perhaps meaniing his household: see (TA, (]). and so in a copy of the S.) = Also, and t i'0j, The neck; (lAar, I;) as in the saying 1
· &*. · d ,
,

.t)tji ;

[Take tho, hoa'l of his horns and

,lj: see the next paragraph.
) W,ij is a pl., of which the sing. is t Ae;:.j, (Akil, Zj, S, .K,) as some say, or t ,J.j, (Akl, S;) or t or t j, like j~ll, (TA,) or *lj, (Akh, ,,)

his neck]: (IAar, TA:) or ;0jj may signify the ear; and tile pl. A'j, the head and neck of a horse, by a metonymy, because the ears are therein. (Ham p. 58, q. v.) j: BeeCC the next preeedling paragraph.

iwl: see a?j, first sentence.

a;j n [rninence suchl as is termed] 2:r-, ", (Ks, K,) the pl. of this last being ori- (1T, TA,) raised hlh;y (TA) in a valley that bends,

(Mtz, 40tl me.) d iWI signifies The horn [or clwtv] the scorpion: (Mlg:) its two iorns [or claws] are called ~J>iaJ Y;tj; (;, Ii;) becaiuse it npushes wi the tlcm. (TA.) And igJtI, (lbn-Kun&seh, o g, ews,) or du!.,, d;, (J,) [tlo former the more cornmon,j t The tno lorns [or claws] of Scorpis ; [which,i liko the contllation Leo, he Arabs extenicdtd much beyondl tile limits that wecnassicn to it, and whici thley thlus made to include a leortion of Libra;] (bz v[;) tlvo slar, coidely seiarated, (I bn-Kunsch, slzw,) [that rise] before ,i ol [q. v.]; (Ibn-Kuntaseh;) beltween which (Ibn-Kunhseld, zw) is the measure of a siewor (Ca [q. v.]), more than thne stature Of a rnan, (Ibn-Kunmseh) [or,] in appearance,the ineasre offire etbits: (iZzw:) two bright stars, (S, g,) in, or upon, (g,) the tweo horns [or claws] if *Scorjlio: (g, Kg :) [a and ey of Libra, accord. to tiose make leao oIr to mean "the auroral setting;" nnd perhaps theo ame, or a and P of Libra, accord to those who make .phI to men " the aurordl rising :"] one of the Mansion of the roon, (, zw,) namely, the Sixteenth ansion. (11zw. [See0.]f I jAo, in art. Jj;.]) The saying * ar ' 'j 1f A tt Llit. /lts moon bit the extremities of the claw of

ginally 4 fLj, the [in a¢tj] being substituted or tIrns,fron it; (K, TA ;) as thoughi it pushed it, or thrust it, away. (TA.) for the [last] LS: (Bdliin xcvi. 18:) but the Alrabs hlardly, or in nowise, know this [attribution of a sing. to t holdi,g oj], it to be a 1pl1. laving,, no sing., like J~tt and .l. (Akha, S.) WVilh 1. j, nor. , (?, J,) inf n. Oj, ($,) i. q. tile Arabs [of thle classical acge] it signifies The AJ.~ [I[e bore it, carried it, took it up and [app. in the earlier sense of thie braves of an carried it, eonreyed it, &c.]; ($, K ;) namely, a 1 army, or in the later senise of the armed attendant., thing; ( ;) as also v i,tjot; thus accord. to the T nfficers, or soldliers, of the prefect of the police]: a:nd S andl M; (TA; [accord. to one of my copies (.8:) thlis is tihe primnary signification: (Bdl in of the 8, i.q. .i, whichl is often syn. with xcvi. 18:) the sing. being sayn. with nd a,d: Q.1] ;) or t ol t; thus in the copiesof the : also signifying the .: [i. e. one who exalts (TA:) or thc first andtl t last signify he bore upon himself, or is insolent anid audacious, in pride andi his bnck a heavy burlen (JM.:) anbd hence the in acts of reelilion or disobedience, &c.,] of the saying of Ka.b, 1, 1 alJ ni, d jinln, or genii, and of mankind: (1K:) and i.q. (JM, TA) i. e. [t And I said to hin a saying,] ~.0, [i. e. sttron, &c.]: (Se.r, i:) eachl of these disquieting, or di.,turling, hi.n, (JM, TA,*) [by two significations [and the first also] being from reason of that :] liecause, whenl a thingi is borne, the meaning of" pusfing," or" thrusting." (TA.) or carriied, it is remioved from its place. (JM.) -ac J signlifies also Certain angels, [the torAlso, (IS,) anor. anld i,f. n. as above, (TA,) mnentors of the damned in Ilell,] so called because lie drore, urged, or incitedl, him; (K, TA;) and of their thrusting the peol)le of the fire thereto; so tjj, (K,) inf. n. ; (TArs ;) nnd t tjl. (lnatidel, 8, Ml.b ;') the anigels menitioned in the (1.) [And i. q. o,t,.] You say, 1U ji .htO o, ]Kur [lxvi. 6] as ;_, I / ,j (Zj,) i.e. rough in i.e. aeJI t ["1hat drenr, lcd, induced, spechci or in disposition, strong in deeds or in caused, constrained, or drorc, them to this? or &o make. (Bid.) WVIhdat hath lecd, &c.?]. (JM, TA.) Aid t..s [tis said by Freytag to signify a foot 1 it. n. a , i. e. a; [le dre7w, or (" pea"), as on the authority of J; as though he caused, evil to himn]. (TA.) Antd J t - , had found it expl. by the word J..j: but this is inf. n. ae.j3, I prepared [app. evil] for him. a mistake: it is said in the S that 1i,j is the (TA.) And 4. 9;, (IS, TA,) or o3 , (TA) name of a man (W~..).] lIe smote hin with evil. (K, TA.)

di,

· zj One striving to suppres the urine and 2. o,, inf. n. i. 4 , accord. to the He He, ordure: (V,* TA: [the word, with the article Jl, spread flcsh-nieat upon a aj as meaning a hill, is expl. by c i. Si : see 3 in art. , and or an elevated piece of grountl, whichA the water see also .. l:]) sIuch is said in a trad. to be one did not orerflow: but accord. to ISd, Ie threo of those from whom prayer will not be accepted; flesh-meat into a 'J as meaning a hollow dug in or, as some relate it, it is the , with O; [in tie ground, in rchich one roasts, or broils, for the place of the ,r]: (TA:) or it means one hinuelf, and bakes bread. (TA.) - See also 5. withholding them against his will. (..)_ One - And see 1, in thiree places. says also, 1 L 1G , meaning There is not in it [i. e. the house, jI1J,] any one: so says AbooShubrumeh. (TA.) j·. Pride; syn. )j,. 4: see 1, in three places. 5. J' ~j3 He made a pitfall for a lion (S, Mgh, K) or a wolf; (Mgh;) as also t t~0, ( .)_And [hence, inf. n. ac. (1g.) A r6jiz says,

1Hoox I.]
S . c

u3 SJt ln1
.

1215

aej &J3JJs

6.0

a', .SP,

I
1. -..j, (S, A, Msb,) aor. ', ($,) inf. n. C, (S, A, M9 b, K,) He pierced him, or thrust him, (i. e. a man, $, Mob,) witi, the [or pointed iron foot of the spear]; ($, A, Msb, ]g ;°) and cast at him with it: and ° also signifies te pierced, or thrust, witl haste. (TA.) And

4.

.it

(IApr, AjI; ISk

,,A, 1;) and
j;

.

t mtj; (A, TA;) and t j,aor ', inf. n.

[And by no means be thou of those who have been beguiled; like him uho has made a pitfall for a lion or a wolf, and then has himself been trapped]. (8,*Mgh.)_ And Ljl t j3, accord. to ISd, signifies the same as ltj3 [app. in a sense different from that expl. above; meaning Hle concealed himself from the oldjecU of the chase in the hollon mnadefor that purpose: or he fell into the 4.j, like 4jJ, ,] (TA.) 6. j!i 3 lie .ralled nrith a stretching of himself, or writh an elegant and a proud and selfconceited gait, and with slowness. (T, K, TA.) - And He magnified himself; or behaved proudly, haughtily, or insolently; (J, TA;) and disdainfully. (TA.) 8. :ltj': see 1, in two places.

IJ A hill, or an elevated piece of ground, rkich the water does not ore,'low: (S, :) pl. It (an eyebrow) was, or Mbshb,l)and [of pauc.] i and ;qjl, (TA,) ". (', TTA.) Hence, (TA,) it is said in a aor. -, inf. n. j, became, narrowr and long: (T.K:) or arched: or thilis labt is not allowable, (.8, M.,b, TA,) acprov., &.jJ J.IJl t [The torrent reached the (MA:) [or narrow and long andfull and arched: cord. to ISk. (Msb.) Zuheyr says, tops of the hills which they do not usuwlly oversee .j below.] fl,,,]: (e, TA:) or &jl1 is here pl. of .Jll inn 2: see 4. t. to , (S, A,) or ~j the sense next following: [but the meaning is virtually the same:] (Mleyld:) the prov. is applied .e. ~. (K, TA,) inf. n. _, (TA,) She, or to a tling, or an afftir, or a ease, exceedlilng the he, madIe her, or his, eyebrown narrnw and long: [And he rwho refuses to yieldl to the points ofthe ordismiry bounds or limit. (Mleyd, TA.) _- A (S, K:) [or made it arched: (see 1, last sentence:) iron feet of the speais shall yield to the up;per pit(fall .fi,. a lion (S, Mghl, MIb, K) or a wolf or made it narrow and long and arched: (see extremnities thereof moanted with erery shar7 ) (Mgnb) ,4c., (M.Ib,) dlig in a Igi~h pl1ea, (8, Mglh, below :)] or clipped the redundant portions spear-head]: ISk says, he means that lie who Mqb,) for which reason it is tlnus called: (. :) pl. .j retifues to yield to a small thing will encounter a ns above. (Msb.) _ A hollotv dug in the ground, of the hair thereof: or lengtlhened it [in appear- great thing: and Klialid II)n-Kulthoom says, in which a sportsman conceals himself [from the ance] with .~l [i. e. antimony, or ore of a,ti. lthey used to meet tlheir enemie, when tlhey objet. of the chase]. (TA.) _ A hollow dug in mony, or a black collyriumn; like as the ancieant dlesired lence, withl the iron fi;et of tiheir speaenrs the ground, i nwhich one roasts, or broils, for Egyptians werc accustomed to do, as nipleii, tu'ued towards them; and if thley refuscd peace, hiniself, and bahes breadl. (ISd(, TA.)__ A wtrell: fiom their paiintings and sculiturtes; and like as thiey tiurned tlheir spears' hleads to tiemn, and so winere it is said in atrad. of an Aral of the desert, some of the Arab womten still do; exteding a combaled them. (TA.) [By a synecdocei, the Atj . t [lie fell into a wrell]. (Mgh.) black line towairds tie car, and also a simnilar line pl.] 1 is also used to signify Siars, alto_ThIe cxcaration made by ants; whicl tllhey from the outer angle of the eye]. (TA.) In the gether. (.yam p. 147.) - llenee, ais being make not save in a hligh place. (TA.)-Some following verse of the poet Er- R;i'ee, likened to the Cj of the spear, (1,,) TIhe ex.. - .. . ' inclutide thiis word among those that have contr. tremity of the elbon, (,, L, ],) nwhich is pointed: significations. (TA.) (L:) or tihe part [or joint] between the lower a dz '1 Quickhness, and bishnes, livelineu, or extremity of the oxs humeri and the extremnity of [the last of these significations nmany be intended; the ulna at the elbow: (T in art. ) or [sinimply] sprightliness: (S, .K:)[originally ;jl,] of the so that it may be rendered, lVhen the fnmales the elbon'. (A.) You say, ,e.j ,i. l%i! :lI measure Jy.l. () _ A certain tmode of going, content with their husbands, or with their beauty, or pace, (, M, 1,) t camels: (M, TA:) accord. &c., shall go forth, (or trent .forth) one day, and leaned upon his elUons: and L.!j tA ltj to As, &.t,il, which is its pt., signifies rarious sh,all lengthen (or lengthened) with blach collyriumn [Ttey leaned upon the extremiti;es of ) . is meant their elbows]. (A..) [llenee also,: ,A tush, or modes o!f going or pace. (S.) _ E,ril: (AZ, 8 :) the eyebrows and the eyes: or] or a great eril: ( .:) and a great, momentous, or to be understood before U*Jt. (S.)-_ Hence, canine tooth:] J_i.I 1 . signiics I the tubes fj; as signify ing "the clipping, terrible, thing or o.ffair: (AZ, , .K:) pl. as from l_t.Jl~.JI of the staUion-camel. (A, K.)_ [lIence also a A -6 ** above. (AZ, S.) One says, , %j.l i I of thie redundant portions of the hair of the eye- signification mentioned by Golius on the authority , occurring in a trad, re- of Meyd, t An iron picot (" subscus ferrea ") experienced fromn him, or it, evils; and great, brows," 1,4 momnentous, or terrible, things. (AZ, f.) And ferring to a hole made in a piece of wood in round which a mill-stone turns.] - Also An j and () i. q. . [app. as meaning A wondlerfuel thing]. which a thousand deenars and a writing had been arrow-head: (IAr, :) pL a (TA.) - And The sound of a bow; (JM, TA;*) inserted, is expl. as meaning He made even, and and a.jl. (TA.) adjusted, the placs thereof: or, accord. to IAth, its nmusical ringing, or plaintive, sound. (JM.) it may be that the hole was in the end of the ,- Narrorwne and length in the eyebrows: piece of wood, and so it may mean he made a Cj or narrowrness and archhednes of the [q. v.] upon the place thereof, to hold it fast, and eyebrows: (A:) or archedness thereof: (MA:) ;.3J ,.jl: see c , in art. J to preserve what was in it. (TA.) or narrownese and length andfulness and arched. Bk. I. 153

[q. v.] to the spear. (IA*r, ISk, S, A, M9 b, ].) -The first of these phrasms is said also to signify He renwOed, or took off, its "j from the spear: (A:) IAar is related to have said thus; but he is also related to have said that this signification is #.Zip _3j I cast at him with the spear. (A, not allowable. (TA.) 7 and Ham p. 14 .) [Henee,] 2Jl . j l]e cast, or threw, the thing from himself: (A:) or 8. .jJ, said of the eyebrow, It reached to the outer extremity (,o$1) ofthe eye. (n.)_-And, *. rS t, ~j '. > aor. ', (TA,) inf. n. as above, said of herbage, Its intercvning spaces became (]g, TA,) i he cast, or threw, the thing from his closed up. (TA.) hand. (T,* TA.)- [And hence,] .j signifies S. .j [The pointed iron foot, or heel, or shoe, of also : The running of the ostrich. (]K, TA.) You a spear;] the iron at the lower extremity of a say of the ostrich, 4tj tj, (A, TA,) inf n. as spear; (S, A, Mib, ;) i.e. the iron which is above, (TA,) He ran, (A, TA,) thron.ing out fixed upon the lower. extremity of a spear, and his legs. (TA.)_[[Hence also,] ji ~l : j3 with which the spear is stuck into the ground: .;WI lVe alighted in a valley putting forth the iron which is fixed upon its upper extremity, herbage; as though casting it from itself. (A, and with wilich one pierces, being called OI-: (ISd, TA:) pl. [of mult.] L .j and i~j (, TA.)- See also 4. j, sec. pers. ,

5j

(Mqb;) and

(TA;) He put, or made, a (rj;

1216

-

- i^

[Boos I.

flight, 4'c., of birds: (A:) or J signifies the auguring wellfrom a bird's or some other thAi~e t;-~ [or turning the right side towards ote, or [or turning the contrary], and evil from its t the left side towards one, or tAhe contrary]. (Zj.) And it1 l~1 q; means tHe went away, ience,] j Darts, or javelins, (.1am,) frnished havinag at its lower etremnity a [q. v.]: and departed, orjournryed. (ar p. 08.) divination: of The practising signifies it also with iron heads: (i :) its sing. is not mentioned. sometimes used as meaning one that transpierces, r^jj (15:) or a opecie thAreof: you say, Al (TA.) - [It is also expl. in different copies of or passes through, quickly. (TA.) i1j'; U' ,A I Aas divined that it is so and or or _ us meaning ':_ the 2a. p An instrument with which the eyebrow is j .; ~ .. so. (g, L) [See also lj.-the first I regard as the right reading; i. e. Asses made such as is termed tij [or narrow and long, t She (a camel) castforth what ra in her bedly. (wild asu) fighting one another.] or narrow and arched, &c.]. (TA.) (1., TA.) Mi3 1,) (AO, ,Mb, ti and g 1j and ~".ri: see ,jl, in two places. 1,.j [They checked, t,traind, le 6. ,jI the first of which is that used by the seven readers [of the ]gur.n], (Mqb,) and the last is the least another, with rough speech; or] one or forbade, 9ep~ Pierced, or thrut, with the js [q. v.] common, (TA,) words of well-known meaning; or withhldd one another; hindered, they preveted, of a spear. ($, TA.) And Cast at therewith. (?, Mqb, ,g;) [Glau: pieces of glau: glau. or theyforbade, or prohibited, one another;from rcsels:] glauflasks or bottls; syn. , ljI: (TA:) (TA.)-Also A large bucket (,,) not made abominable,foul, or evil, conduct. (A, Myb.) round, but haling its two lips [or opposite edges] and [glas] drinking-cups or bowls: (AO, TA:) put together, and then sewed. (1.) .j-l He, being chidds, by a 7. j.l and and twi4j: pls. ofV44j (AO, 9) and t reproof; or bsing checked, or by the voice, cry, by (AO:) or [rather] these are the ns. un. (Mob.) restrained,orforbidden,with roughspech; (TA ;) In the lur [xxiv. 35], V3.tij means A lamp, or being preented, hindered, restrained,or with1. ,., (O,A, Mgh, M}b, g,) aor. , (Msb, held; or beingforbiddenor prohibited; rfrained, (Q A, Mb,) iHe chid him, by forbore, or abstaisud; ($, A, Mgb, Msb, V1,TA ;) j, with fet-b, also signifies The TA,) inf. . j, (B(..)- _. a cry, by his voice, or by reproof: (,' ]i,' TA:) UL J from [doing] suck a thing. (Mgh,TA.) berries of the cloe-tree; syn. .Jjs .. (tsr, he checked him, restrained him, or forbade him, ' in the Vur liv. 9, means He Pau TA.) with rovgh speech: (TA:) or prevented, hindered, rstrained,or withheld, his : orforbade, or pro- drim away. (TA.). _ j,.l He (a dog) bewae ¢j and I¢4j: see the next 1 4j and hibited, him: [by any kind of cry or speech :] as also urged, or incited, by a cry, to pursue thdie game. preceding paragraph; the first, in two places. (Mgh.) (S, A, Mgh, Myb, ] ;) the latter origi. The last also signifies The art, or occuplmtion, of v ' jl; ,:., from Idoing] 8. j.;j!, for jq;j t, trans. and intrans.: see 1 making u.j [i. e. glas, glas vessels, &c.]. (TA.) nally ,,31: (Myb, TA:) and 7; eaeh in two places. wuch a thing: (A,* Mgh, TA:) and ;j.Jl o , 1~4. (MNb, ]g, TA) [and .4.itj and 4 see art. jq.Jj. Q. Q. 1 (accord. to the S). 'j: the former in the CI, and both implied in the ] from evil. (TA.).... S J, (15,) and Jl, and in the M 9b,] A usller of 4j [i.e. glass, (TA,) and a .j, (1,) t Ile cr.ied.out to, or at, ..j inf. n. of 1. (~, A, Myb.) - A crying at the dog, (J,) and the beast of preyj, (TA,) in glass vessels, &c.]. (Myb, g.) camels [40c.], and an urgiag or inciting of them, order that he might forbear, refrain, or abstain. (TA.) - A cry by which one chides, i. e., either Aj A maker, or manufacturer, of rtij ;j.] (15, TA.) [See a tropical ex. voce checks or rges, a beast ,~c.; like ~ to a man, [i. e. glaos, gla vessels, &c.]. (M;b, ]K.) ja,Jl t He incited the camel to quickness: (TA:) and , to a mule, &c. (The lexicons, passim.) t The anus; because it emits ( C0) he droe, or urged, thes camel, (8, , TA,) and - see also what next followvs. 341.! incited him mith a peculiar cry, so that hlie became wind and excrement. (TA.) excited, and went on: (TA:) he said to the camel q.j (Az, 0, X) and V; j (IDrd, 0, I) Large Cji, applied to a man, ($, A,) Having aarrow J./i,, (I Drd, 0,) : and ij'l1 -j t Hie said to the sh-camel fih, (1],) [i. e.] a species of ltrgey and long eyebrows: (~, g.:) or having narrow (TA:) IDnd says, thus called small scales: with q.j lile (a pastor) and arched yebrors: (A:) [or having arched ).: (AZ,TA:) and '1. cried out to, or at, the heep or goats: (A, Mgh, by the people of El-'Irilc, but I do not think the eyebrows: see .. j:] or having narrow and .j. TA:) and in like manner, to, or at, a horse or the appellation to be genuine Arabic: (0:) pl. long and full an arched yebrows: (TA:) fem. like, and a camel, and a beat of prey, with a (0,1.) :kej, (A, 15,) applied to a woman: (A:) [pl. hiJh, or loud, voice, and vehmently: (TA:) and ;i A ncry. (Mgh.) )Iil S[The wind dries the cloue. .t,.J3 [meaning .. ; :] and one says also ,W?'JIl not yield her milk ,j signifies The driving away with Jtqj SA she-camel that will the same]. (L.) It is likewise applied to the (A.) abundantly until chidden: (A, IS, TA:) or that eyebrow [as meaning Narrow and long: or crying or a cry: and by subsequent applications, yids her milk abundantly to her young one iJo narrow arqd arckhed: &.]: (A, TA:) and so sometimes, t the driving away: and sometimes beaten, but does not if let alone: (TA:) or (g, erying, or crying out, or a cry. (B, TA.) TA, but accord. to the CJl "and") a she-camel t ~.id: (TA:) or the former signifies an eye- tthe ;,-j, (i,) aor. ', inf. n. 4 ; (TA;) that knows [her young one] with her eye, but _ brow marrow and long [&e.] naturally: and and t jqoJ.1; (1:;) S He chid the bird, auguring repudiates it with her nose [when she smells it]: the latter, rndered so artif~ially. (MF.) And i,RHe (~, 1]:) and a she-camel that inclines to. the And ',l evilfrom it. (],TA.) 1jis a name for The ey~row [itself] in the threw a pebble at the birds, and cried out; and young one of another, and not to her own, but applied to a if, in.y~, tAey turned their right sides towards only sm dial. of El-Yemen. (TA.) -Also, it, and refuse to yield her milk to it; male ostrich, t Long in step: ($, :) or long- Aims, he augured wrell fron them; but if thidr syn. J . (K.) - It is also applied, metalegged and long in step: (L:) or that rnms throw- left sides, eiL (A.)_- Hence, (A,) ^j also phorically, as an epithet to war. (A, TA.) ing out his legs: (TA:) or having white feathers signifies SThe auguringfrom the flight, alighting[L4.j One who chides, &c., ,uch, or ofen.] above his eye: (A :) fem. .1 j: (g:) and pl. ,tj. plaes, cries, kinds, or nams, of birds: (?, A, j .1 [act. part. n. of 1]. - [Hence,] -S "& He augursfrom the (1g.) And, applied to a man, t Long-legged. 1:) you say, ',I .. ;'; (L.)- Also, applied to a solid hoof, t Wide. Peus tere'of. (TA.) [See 1, last sentence.]Also, in an octrich, t Length of the shanks, and (TA in art.,a. [See last sentence.]) width of step. (IL)_And in camels, t Width, t., A spear having a tj [q. v.] ofized to it. in [the rpac betwen] the or widesne, (t,) .) (ISk, hind legs. (TA.) - And t Widenea of a solid hoof: which is a fault. (TA in artk..) C:.. A short spear, like the J 3 t., (g, 1, TA,)

.i,

53

'-j?

Ljt

BooK I.)

qMj --

1217

!ptIj 4gJp t[lTie R.rdn sicU as a chider, and He, or it (i e. a company of men), raied the Book (meaning the 1]ur-&n) is not recitedj chcer,restrai forforbidder]. , (A, TA.) And cries, shouts, noises, a clamour, or confi~d cries will not be righykt. (TA.) - Also, inf. n. Wj, or shouts or noisre: and .He trilled, or quavered, said of the [tax called] tl., ,;. 1lt Te e~orter, on the part of God, in the It was, or becamu, and prolonged his voice; or prolonged it, and Aeart of the belieer; i e. the light saed into it, easy of collection. (a.) - .i;jalso signifies The modulated it swetly. See the next paragraph.] [or what we term the light of nature,] that inits acting faith penetr.ativ energy, and effectivmn, him to the truth. (KT.) _ l£l,jl, in the j;j inf. n. of j.j: (MA, 1 :) [and used as in an aflfir. (Q, 1.) One says, Ji "l I Fur xxxvii. 2, means t The angels who are the a simple subst.:] i. q. *._ [as an inf. n., mean- *.a U,j [app. meaning ThAi affair, we have driers of the cloud. (,. TA.)_ lj also ing The uttering of the voice, or of a sound,'or cffected it, or accomplished it; like as one says, signifies i A diviner; because, when he sees that cry: or, as a simple subst., a voice, sound, or which he thinks to be of evil omen, he cries out cry]: ( :) or a high, or loud, voice: such have rXI uL. L4]. (T, TA.) And j^ Jd ,;ao with a high, or loud, and vehement, voice, for- the angels when celebrating the praises of God: ~ ~;, ~. [A snall ift that is efc-. bidding to undertake the thing in question. (Zj, (TA:) [and] a vehement sound. (Ham p. 627.) tire is better than mAuch that will not be effective]. Clouds having a thunderTA.) --. liJi t The crow; because one augurs [Hence,] j , j ;.9 (g.) - One says also, tqj js z1_ i.e. [(He ing: (TA:) [and] so V .j .. (j.)_ A laughed until] his laughing became stopped, or by means of it. (gar p. 002.) clamour; or a confusion, or miature, of cries or See also what next follows, [l-j a subat. formed from the epithet,.lj by shouts or noies, or of cryihg or shouting or noise. cut short. ($, K.) in two places. the addition of i. Its pl. occurs in the saying,] (J.) [A low, orfaint, sound: hence,] j3j ,:, 5 j1L £. ULg. b t [Echorta- ",J1l means 'c [i. e. The low, or faint, sound 2. ;p.j, ( , Msb, TA,) inf. n. °;(J, ($, TA,) tions,. and cAiding or restraining speeches, wre of it jinn, or genii, that is heard by night in the He pushed it gently, (g, Mpb, TA,) in order that freleated in his ears]. (A, TA.) desrt,; and said to be a sound like drumming: it might go on; as also t 4I.jl; and t *q;j,aor. or the sound of the winds in the atmosphere, .nd a ', inf. n. and this last, he drove it, or a.j: 4: see art.,-j. _?.,J4 and a inmaginedby the people of the demert to be the sound urged it on, gently; (TA;) [and so 1;.j and of the jinn]. (TA.) - A trilling, or quawvring, t.jlt, as will be shown by what follows:] or ,jl A camel having a looniess in the vertebra and prolonging of the voice; or a prolonging of of his bach, arisingfrom disease, or from galls, tha voice, and modulating t 13.j signifies [simply] At drove it, or urged it it smeetly. (i.) A or sores, produced by the saddle: (0, ]g:*) [or poet likens it to the voice on: and he pusbed it: and so [npp. in both of of one urging on camels having afracturein his back;] like j,d,l. (O.) by singing to them, and to the playing on a reed- these senses] l.j and t *q.jI. (1.) lIence, i. e. pipe. (Sb, TA.) - Also Play, or sport. (I4.) from A.;j meaning "I pushed it gently," (Tar q..* [A place oqf ^j, i. e. chiding, &c.]. - And A species of oersc, well known; [a vulgar p. 304,) one says,..Wol ~.'; u ($, Tar) i.e. [Hence,] 4lJt ~. . , an elliptical phrase, sort of unmeasuredsong or ballad;] in this sense tail. J [low dost thou stri e with the days in meaning t [lie is, in relation to me, or S is post-classical. (TA.) pushing them on, or making them to pas away?]: here used in the sense of L5..q , i. c., in my etijq. Raising his oice; as also t Jb,. ( :) or 1;.aA3 ,. [hom dost thou push on the mation,] as though he were in th ^ja. of the days? and thus may -[Hence,] mean also tolAJ3 ]b J]: Jj ,l_: see .j. And dog; (Sb, TA ;) [i. e., as though he uwere to be (Tlar:) [or how dust thou Rain make the days to pass accompanied by the sound of chidden like the dog, and driven awjay;] said by away? for].Ad(tI thunder. L^j means (TA.) lie mnade thc days And3 . A plant, or herbZ to be tropical. (TA.) age, in which, or among rmhich, the wind mawhes to past away: (MA:) [or how dust thou pass the ;~ [A raNse of .j, i e. chiding, &oc.: a a sound. (i.) days? for it is also said that] a,oj3 signifies the noun of the same class as i'. &c.; pl. !t.]. Uc.,j: see the next paragraph, in two places. pansing [one's] days. (KL.) [.A,l Uj. may A poet says, U.j The sound, or voice, or noise, of men; as be well rendered lie made the days to aMss aray 0 · , . ., . , . also V i..j. (].) _ And A company, a collec- by means of ee,rtion; and so toi and tl;. Ilar (ubi supr,) uses the phrase , j '"J ', * .. .A ek. I tion, or an assmnblage: (1 :) or a party, or eaon1 pany, of men, (S, 19,) peculiarly: (TA:) as also as meaning I pusAh on evil and harddays.] .tjl i. e. t [lie tvAo will not astert that I am a poet, t V j: (1 :) pl. of the former J.j. (S.) ;JI, also, inf. n. ,*.jl, is expl. by A as siglet hint approarhme:] prewnting causes forbid &l6: see J&.-. It is also applied to a song, nifying 4.i/ ill [app. meaning lie strove to him. (TA.) And one ys, ,A l p4U 1 , push on lifo, or to repeli want or the like, with 1[Thec remembrance, or the mention, of God is a or singing, [meaning Loud,] in the saying, little of the thing]: and accord. to a saying heard cauise of driving away the deril]. (A, TA.) by him from a man of the tribe of Fea'h, l **wj; [or the correct reading may be .. t;', in the 15ur liv. 4, (Bd, TA,) is [an [And he sings to her, or to them (probably reinf. n.,] syn. with .>jl, (Bd,) meaning t Depul- ferring to camels), with a loud song or singing]. t..j., uand aecord. to either reading the phrase mny be rendered W'e strim to pusl on life, or to sion, and prevention, or prohibition, from the (TA.) repel want &c., with little of our wrorldly potcommission of sinlful actions; (TA;) or from ~iosu,] means we content ourselves in respect of punishment: or it there means a threatening: .L L, (f, 1,)aor.,. (S,)inf. n. .' (m, our worldly possessions with scanty smtenance. and some read changing the r j., into j, and incorporating it [into the preceding letter]. (Bd.) 15,and H.am p. 78) and j (15 and Tam) and (TA. [See also 5.]) One says also Jhlt ;, (1,) It (a thing) went, or became urged on I drove the caml. (S.) And t.I; Vo qjS, 4l or along, quickly. (yam ubi supra: there indi- TAt [wild] cow drive her young one. (.) cated by the context, but not expressed.)_ - It The wind dri. along the cloud : 1. J.j, (MA, K,) aor. :, (.,) inf. D. j, (a bad piece of money) pased, or had currency. ,.J'I ' U (S ) or drivs along getly the clouds; as also (MA, 15,KL, and gar p. 240,) He uttered his (Er-Righib, TA.) -It (an afair) was, or bevoire, or a cry; or made a sound, or cry: (MA, came, easy; and right, in a right state, or riqht .'.3, but in an intensive sense. (Mtb.) In like KL :) or he raised his voice, (1, Iar,) to evince in its direction or tendency. (15, TA.) Hence manner, t.-t * , is smid of God, in the Fur emotion. (Tar.) . [It seems to be indicated in the trad., otkil a'.314 l@ ' 1 * j [xxiv. 43]: and in the ame [xvii. 68], T. the 1 that it signifies also He played, or sported: i. e. [A p.yer in which the opening chapter of .w:, 7l , [Your Lord is He

(s.)

Jqj

4~-j-

153 '

1218

jqn.j --,-J

[BooK I.

who driettA along for you the ship in the sa]. (p. 42t9) as meaning SWI , i. e. voice, or the breath, with a moaning]. (A.) And ij · (TA.) And a poet says, rime tAat requires men to pushl it on, or to make of a womah bringing forth, you say, j.j, sor.' She breathed hard. (p.)and:, inf. n. .n-j, I it to pass away by meansofexertion.] 0 ,0^* &*I.j said of a niggardly man, tHe, .-. k4 A man who urgea on much the camel, or [Hedce,] i. e. [I drom him with speecA, and] urged-him of, deemed the begging grievous, or begged being beast, that he rides. (TA.) on: for ;t;ji signifies 3L, [like ;ltj &c.]. troublesome, (I, TA,) and moaned thereat. (TA.) (TA.)- And JP.1 . ;..j He made easy the _J_ j, (A, ],) aor. : and s, (,) inf. n. :. JI j 3j.; ( ;) [and (B, A, and ;L.j (?,, V) and attainm t of my want. (TA.) ~ ,'h (A,V;) jJ; and aor. a,) J, ($, L,) inf n. ti; app. .j also; (seejLj;)] i. njl q. v. in art. :j. (TA in that art.) 1. ij,- (1, L, (L;) He removed Aim, or and tA., inf. .. [e. signify] He j3; (I;;) [all .jl also signifies (L;) and * jLj; 4: ee 2, in ten places. or its, place: (S, L, 1 :) and he was, or became, affected with a loomess of the it, from his, lIe made money, or bad money, to pam, or be puthed, or thrust, away, him, or it: (L, 1 :) or bowels: (f, A:) or with a violent loosen~ of tiw current. (Er-RUghib, TA.) removed him, or it, far arway; bowels, and with a gripingpain in the belly, and the latter, Ashe or it, at a distance,far away, or put, him, placed, a such with nte d myself *4.j3 I ceo 5. Uti - And &. ai ;j, L, M9b :) and the former a discharge of blood. (g.) A, Mgh, off: (?, orfar thing: a rdjia says, brought himforth. His mother t Z Ji,, t and signifies also he drero, dragged, or puled, away, ,,~~~~~~~~' . j accord. to the (, signi(A,].) j him, or it, in Aaste. (L, ].) You say, c j-. ty~ W; t~! ,u clave, his head writA theipear: He broke, or fies ;) [Content thrAyel with what is mUjcient of thy ~ He removed him, or it, far away; ($, this is not of established says that but IDrd him, removed; and or pushed, or thrust, away; worldly possions]. (t. [See also 2.]) his, or from ;) i. e. it; (8, from (TA;) or it; `;j,He was, or like authority. (TA.) --j, 8: see 2, near the end of the paragraph. its, place. (TA.) It is said in the ]ur [iii. 182], became, iiggardly, or tenacious. (i.) · j _ cl, i.e. . ij I J6 .C O"Jl Jlore penetrating and effective in an jU ;LJ 3, He put a s: see 1. aUWI ,, inf. n. s, in the saying, [And he] who thaU be removed [.from the fire :) so affair than another: ( [Stch a a one is of Hell], or removed far away [therefrom, and baUl (Q;) into a nose-bag (W j, and insrted aji , YiJ ' it into the vulva of the she-camel whose young more penetrating and effective in thix a.effir than made to enter Paradise, shall attain good forone had died during the period between the time tune]. (TA.) such a one]. (S, .') [that should have been that] of bringing him forth R. Q. 1. Cjij: see above, in three places:l and a month of the last part thereof, [i. e. during applied to a horse [or other beast], That J., the last month of her proper period of gestation,] [i.e. L,iR,J]) in and see also the paragraph here following. is drivmn, or urged on, (c.ji, and left it for a night, having stopped up her his pare, by little and little. (I,am p. 158.) i. or it, removed, or became now, then drewp forth the ball, having prepared -i3 IIe, R. Q . A sinall, or scanty, thing; (S, Er-ligh!ib, TA;) or sulch as is mean, or paltry; that muay be removed; (~, A, Mgli, MBh ;) and (Mgh, Myb) another young camel, which he then showed to pusled and driven away because qf the little resmoved, or became removed, far awray: (Mgb, her, the nose being still stopped up, whereupon account that is made of it. (Er-Rgighib, TA.) a3Mb, K:) and accord. to Es-Semeen, t?]- j is she thought that it wma her young one, and that he means Small, or tcanty, mner- likewise used in an intrans. sense, as well as a she had at that time brought it forth, then ;l.J Lsti and the it near, brought nose, and her unstopped chandise; little in quantity: (S, K:) and so it is trans.; but MF says that its use in an intrans. affected it, and yielded her milk. (1i, TA.) said to mean in the lKur [xii. 88]: or, as in some sense is strange. (TA.) You say, ,A i copies of the ', little, or mean, or paltry, mer, t e u m j- yiwi, i.e. [I wrent in to 3. ejlj SiIe treated him,N or regarded him, chandlise: (TA:) or mean, or paltry, mets such a one, and] he removed [for me from his with enmity, or hoxtility, (A, .K, TA,) and berhendise, rejected by every one to whomn it is sitting-place]. (N1Mgh, Mgb.0) haved angr,ily (Y;!) to hli,n. (TA.) offered: (A, TA :) or merchandise wherewith the ~.,j Distance: so in the saying, n [i. e. made to paus awiy j ' Jlays are pushed on (6.J &i t ^-. i 5: see 1, in two places. by means of exertion]) because of its scantiness: [lels, or it, is at a distance from him, or it]. t[Ile yields his property with pain, (app. from :]) or, accord. to the (~, .. ) Az says that, accord. to some, this is a ;.O j said of a woman in child-birth,) by reason of (Mlb, TA: [for t 3. sbereef EI-MurtaeL, merehandise dirien along reduplicative word from tlJ, aor. 5-, meaning niggardlines]; as thoughll he nioaned, and strained portion after portion,scantily andfeebly: (TA:) ZUt; and some hold it to be from C.3II meaning himself; or moaned, being niggardly. (TA.) or merchandise in respect of which a lowering of lJJ1. (TA.) ,_j: sce~.j. the pries is demanded on account of its badness "the driving vehemently," as also

1

(WAL; C .j~ [inf. n. of un. of^j; An emission [of the Distant; remote. (I..) tl'j 1 tjg6); (Tb, TA;) not in perfect condition: (Th, I, TA:) thus, too, it is expl. as used voice or] of the breath with a moaning: (A :) in the 1]ur: and some say that what is there A place to ivhich one remores, or may [or a hard breathing: (sec 1:) it is said to be] mentioned consisted of fruit of the terebinthl-tree, reamove, [in an absolute sense, as is implied in the like ;,j [q. v.]. (TA.) or of ty. [app. here meaning pine-cones]: some A, or] far away. (lIam p. 6.55.) One says, say, of commodities of the Arabs of the desert, 1 la.j: see jtm. ;.j, [There is not for me any place to wool, and clarified butter: and some say, of defi;ij [an in£. n. of 1, q. v. - Also] A certain which to remove from him, or it]. (A.) cient pieces of money. (TA.) disease that affects tithes camel, (li, TA,) in consequence of which he suffers from a riolent loosc~jd Weak: so termed because of hlis lagging ness of the bownels, until, or so that, the extremity behind, and requiring to be urged on: (ysam 1. ._., aor. and -, (],) inf. n. ,-.j (A, 1)} of his rectum turns inside-out, and nothing comes p. 441:) or anything not perfect in nobility, nor in any other praiseworthy quality: or, as some and He emitted the voice, forthfrom it. (TA.) . and 1, say, one driven to generosity against his will: (I,' TA,) or (], TA, in the Cl "and,") the ;].j [One who breathe. hard; (this meaning (TA:) and also, (TA,) applied to a man, i q. breath, with a moaning; (A, ] ;) [or he breathed being indicated, though not expressed, in the ;) .in [q. v., app. here meaning deficient in man- hard; as appears from what follows;] in work, or who emits the voice, or the breath, with a lies, or manly virtue, or the like]. (?, TA.) or labour, or in difficulty. (TA.) You say, ,A moaning: see 1, first sentence. - And hence,] the or emit him breathe hard; dJ [I heard Ie.0 t Niggeardly; tenacious; rwho moans on being [g.j.l O;bI", a phraue used by [Jar, is expl.

(g,)

BooK I.]

,m.j -- i.

1219 of the 5a; (M, A;) because it quickly takes effect upon it; so that when it blazes, those who warm themselves at it walk, or creep, from it; then it soon subsides, and they walk, or creep, back to it: (M, TA :) and the like is mid by IB; wherefore, he adds, it is called 4 jI. (TA.) It was said to a woman of the Arabs, "Wherefore do we see you to be scant of flesh in die posteriors and thighs ?" and she answered, " jU ~ ·O, jJIl [Thefire of the and the , or of the C&, has rendered us scant of Jsh in the

begged of; (TA; [in which it is said to be with the T, Um.j signifies h (a camel) becamefatigued, damm; but this is a mistake, occasioned by an so thlt h stood still with his master: (TA:) or, incorrect point in the L;]) as also 'j.. and as some say, _.j said of one walking, or marching, [i. e., of a man and of a beast,] (Mqb, TA,) tIJj and ~t . (], TA.) A poet says, accord. to AZ, whether fat or lean, (Mgb,) aor. :, ti A , .0c ; a'c: inf. n. m. and .AI..j, or, as AZ says, L.j and [I see thee to have combined begging and coretous- J .j, (TA,) signifies, (Msb,) or signifies also, ness, and in poverty to be niggardly, with moan- (TA,) Ahe became fatigued, (Mgb, TA,) in walking]: (8, TA: in the former thus, in two copies, ing, or marching. (TA.) - And .11 A..sj in the present art. and in art. e,l: in the TA t The trees became in a state of gentle motion, by lj;l i:) UUI is said by IB to be [here] an in£ n. the influence of the wind. (TA.) ~ ;L:JI Ji.j, of Ol, like 1;t. (TA.) inf n. .j, lle dragced the thing along yently. (TA.) .Ip~ A man a.ffected with a looseness, or raita a; -.. . [aj lie snept the Ahou, or a violnt loosness, of the boneli, and with a griping pain in the belly, and a discharge of chamber, with the a j, q. v.]. (TA.) blood. (A,* TA.) - See also the next preceding 3. ,tJlj, inf. n. .ljj., They foughd with us. paragraph. (TA.) 4: see 1, in the latter half, in two places.1. aor. , inf. n. · j (S, Mgli, Mob, l) aj,
A.jl said of a man means His camecl, or his
-

posteriors and thighs]. (..) liAj, (i,) or aj, Xa.ij A man (TA) who
does not travel about in the countries: (1, TA :) so in the Mo.eet. (TA.) "J..: see '..Ij, in two places._ [Also accord. to Freytag, occurring i:n the Deew&n elHudhlialecyeen as meaning Going along slonly.]

and j,j

(an army, Mgh, Mqb, · or a company of men, Mqb,) walked, tnarched, or rent on foot, &1i [to Aim, or it]; (S., ];) and [generally] did so by little and little; (accord. to an explanation of' _ in the TA;) crept, or crawled, along; or ment, or walked, leisurely, or gently: (Mgh :) andr t11. 3 ( 05, 1, ,) as also ,,.,l (K,)

(M 9 b, 1) and

(1,) Mi,j,HIe, or it, horse or the like, becamefatigued. (S.)

i. q. J, (., ],) i. c. he talhed [with slow stelps, or] heavily, with an e.fort, to himn, or it: (T. :) and 9..j 4'a means a gait in nhich is a heavines of motion. (TA.) One says of a child, before he walks, (8, Msb, 1n,) or before hlie stands, (T, TA,) ,.i,: [Hle drags /i,,uclf alonlg] (, Mb, S) ub>'9l A [upon the ground], or Z1o [upon his postcriors]: (TA:) or __..j alone, said of a child, he irent along slonly, by little and little, upon his posteriors: (B3d! in viii. 15:) and to the J.j of children is likened the marchi.ng of two bodies of men going to meet each other for fight, when each of them marches gently, or leisurely, towards the other, before they draw near together to smite each other: and one says likewise of a chil.l, before he walks, :UL v J,. ,;'bl, or, as in the T, &,; ,U, i. e. he drags himelf along [py,n the ground, or upon his belly]. (TA.) --. JJI ..j [The young locusts not yet winged]l went on, orforwurds: (0, ]O, g :) s in this explanation in the I should be , as in the g and A. (TA.) ja.j said of an arrow, t It fell short of the butt, and then slid along to it. (F, Mqb.) _- Also, said of a camel, (., Mgh, Mob, 1,) aor. , inf. n. and J._, and .,liLj, (TA,) He became fatigued, and dragged his foot, or the extremity of his foot; (., Mgh, Myb, 1 ;) as also t Vj: (., Mgh, Mb :) or this latter signifies Ae (a camel) became fatigued, (1, TA,) and stood still with his mster: and Ul ^ Xi_l t l Hia [in£. n. of un. of 1; A walk, &c].-j6 see J.Ij, in three placesL saddle-camel stood still from fatigue: or, accord. ;,LAj1 The fire of the and the f; bej.. Cloeds moving slowly, betaus carrying to EI-Kbatlibee, correctly, &, a. jl: (TA:) cause it quickly blazes in them [and then submuch water; likened to fatigued camels. (TA.) or this is a mistake, occurring in the FaiJ; and sides]; (8, ];) so that one walks, or creeps, it is orrectly with fet-4: (Mgh:) and accord. to from them [and back to them]: (.:) or the fire a-J. a n. of place, sing. of (TIS,)

J.j

;..j, in the dial. of Egypt, signifies .j L nJI # [i. e. The thing, generally a IlmI-branch, ' t jt;4 W The sons of sich a one became a -. _j with whicih the hotse, or chaamber, is swept, to to us, (i, TA,) i. e., an army marching to us to renove the dust and cobwebs from the rooJf and fight with us. (TA.) - And W ~,jl Stich walls]. (TA.) a one attained to the utmost of that ,rhich he aui;j One who creeps along (J s) po, sought, or desired. (1(,* TA.) . jl said of longjourneying, It fatigued the camels. (TA.) the ground, (lbn-'Abbad, X,) eilht r from fatigue .-.. Jl O1 %.Ai.jl: The wind put the trees or old age. (TA.) - Also A man (TA) whoe heel-tendons nearly knokeh against each other. into a state of gentle motion. (TA.) (Ibn-'Abb.'id, .K, TA.) 5: see 1, in the former half, in two places. '_lj [part. n. of 1; 1Valking, &c.]. An 6. 1_4A/j.p Thiey drew near, one to another, in arrow that falls short if the butt, and then sliles fight. (IDrd, Z, .K.) TInjy walked, ormarched, along to it: (.,*Msb, TA :) pi. J.tjj (Mb .) one to, or towards, another; as also t l jl. - A camel fatigued, and dragging his foot, or (TA.) the extetmity of hi foot; (k ;) as anio t llj, 8. U.f [originally ,M1j.]: see 1, first sen- in whichl the; i is added to denote intensiveness: tence: and see also 6. (Misb :) or the latter is applied, in the sense expl. j; h.j An army, or a militaryforce, marching above, to a she-camel; (., . ;) and so (g ;) or this last signifies a she-camel that drags by little and little, or leisurely, to, or tonards, a p.4, to a apjlied the enemy, (S, A, ], TA,) or heavily, by reason her hind lrys orfeet: and of their multitude and force: (A, TA:) or a he-camel, has the former of these meanings: ( :) numerous army or military force; an inf. n. [see also J,., said to be a dial. var. of j:] used as a subst.; (Mgh, Msb;) because, by reason the pl. of t Vi,..j is J..;j; (., M 9b, K ;) and of its multitude, and heaviness of motion, it is l as though it crept, or crawled, along: (Mgh:) the pl. of J~j is Ji..j. (TA.) Also Fatigued and motionlea; whatever it be, whether lean or accord. to Az, from ,:l uk J. .j, said of a . (TA.) And, aceord. to child: (TA:) not applied to a single individual: fat; and so tj Aboo-Sa'eed Ed-l?areer, [aimp,ly] Fatigued; (I .Koot,Msb:) pl. J j. (Msb, TA.)_ And (TA;) and so t ;..,; applied to a camel: (C :) hence, as being likened thereto,- 1A swarm oJ locusts. (TA.)_ - JjJ! ~. oceurring in a or the latter, so applied, signiics .fatigued, and standing still with his owner: the former is alptrad., means He fled from n,ar with unbelierers; plied to the male and to the female; and its pl. is and from encountering the enemy in war. (TA.) j.__j: it is said to be also the name of a certain _ti. 13 AS CwJ 1l1, in the },ur [viii. camel; but Th denies this. (TA.) 15], means, accord. to Zj, jmAm.J, i. e. [ When ye ali..tj: see the next preceding paragraph, in meet thoe irho have disbelieved] marching by two places. littlze and little [in consequence of their great number, to attack you]. (TA.) Jj: see a:j.. J~jI

ia.j

J.I,

12D0

[Boo, I.
:;j A man who rmoes, withdra, or retires Q. 8. ,..U; He, or it, roted down or alam. far away,from aainrs, (],0 TA,) whether they t TA.) One says, M ;)jM i [They be good or evil: (TA:) fem. with s. (]p.)~ roUl dorn it]; namely, a smoothed descending, or (1,) sloping, place. (IAr, T, f.) -. And He, or it, j;j, imperfectly decl., (, 1],) like j, becaue it is a proper name and deviates from the becate pud, impelled, repdled, or drivn away original form [which is app. bj_l, reg. part. n. or back. ($, ].) [Hence,] El-Ajjj says, * i;X6;S>.,

which rignifies The placs of the creping of
serpents; (g, ], TA ;) and the marks, or tracks, of the passage thereof: (TA:) and 'P , likewise significe the mark, or track, of a serpent, upon the ground; like J;". . (TA in art ...)_W,j alsno signifie The plaos of fighting of a party, or people. (TA.)And t The places of pouring [of the water] of the clouds; (TA;) the places where fails the rain of the cloudL (8, TA. [In the Cld, 4A1ll is erroneously put for n.*IJJ.])

of 1], (Mbr, TA,) [The planet Saturn;] a cer '02 tain star, of those called r ;JI; (1 , ;) so called because it is remote; and said to be in the Seventh Heawen. (TA.) J_j '-J, [The yong man, or slave, of Saturn] is [a surname of] AbuI-gasim the well-known astronomer or astrojtl.p A camel wont, or accustomed, to become loger. (1.)

*

LLL3.:,

>j Qitv L

;;

[And the sun had almst become near to etting, and to turning yellora; I repelling it with the palm of the hand in orderthat it might be warded

off; 1,;. being for Ji.
the next paragraph. -

.]. (?.) See also

fatigued, (, ], TA,) and to drag hitfoot, or the Ui.j A man who does not travel about in the etremity of his foot, (s,) or to stand still with (V.) [See also 'il.] _ And A countries. his owner: (TA:) or a she-camel that quickly certain beast that enters its hole with its hinder becomes attenuated, or chafed, or abraded, or partforemost. (V.) worn, in tAe sole of the foot: (A, TA:) pl. J.j A camel that drive far away the [other] J-e.j (8, TA) and (TA.) (jT. camels, pressing against them so as to remove them, in the coming to water, and then drinks. J-d

One says abo

~-:*q meaning The nm incl~d to stting: or declinudfrom the meridian, at midday. (TA.)

Q. 4. ,. jt, as also ..- i1, (Mgh,l],) He as, or bocame, far; he stood, or ukept, aloof; (A 'Obeyd, Mgh, TA;) he removed, withdrev, or retired to a distance; (A'Obeyd, Mgh, ], TA;) as also J :j3; (TA;) IL &. from nsch a

Juj. of jj. (TA.)-- And % ;j She (a camel) j .. an inf. n. of J).j. (?, TA.).-And held back, Aung back, or lagged behiund, in her also A place to rhich one removes, withdrams, or . iiUt-3j'' Jl.j a pl. ofbPQ; (. He H (a retires far away. (S, TA.) Ibriheem Ibncourse, or journeying. (L.) - And J Ases having smooth and fat bellies. (Ibn-'Abman, TA) was, at became, fatigued, tired, or Kuneyf En-Nebhanee says, [i.e. reptiles, or bid, TA.) - Also Small ,II jaded. (V, TA.) inMcts], having legs, that walk, e~mbling ants: * · 2: ce what next follows. ( :) or, as in the O, having legs resembling ants. i. e. And there is not,for a man, a place to which (TA.) 4. ;1~jl He remoed him, or it,far away; as to gofar awayfrom that which God has decreed. [Jl.)., aocord. to Freytag, occurs in the also tV .;j, inf. n. J.. (j.)..And ;JjI t,c ) 1 (yIam p. 125.) And one says, ,.~4.i as meaning Smooth, Deewin el-Hudhaleeyeen He, or it, conmutrained him to betahe himelf, or meaning t,.aL [i.e. Verily there is, for me, applied to rock.] repair,or have recours, to him, or it. (g, TA.) with thee, ample scope, or freedom, or liberty].
5: see 1, first sentence.

He, i3Uj: see the next paragraph. gC) and Ji.j (am p. 125) and (s,) He in body. (TA.) reemoved, witkdre, or retired to a ditance; J,I.j Smooth rock: to which is likened the (, IS, TA, and g[am ubi supra;) and wrent back ·: see j.j.Also Quick, or mriJt: portion of flesh and sinew bordering the backor backwards, drm back, receded, or retreated; ( :) mentioned by Sb, and expl. by Seer. (TA.) bone, when fat. (Ibn-'Abbad, TA.) (TA;) es ' [from hia place]; as also 'Jj3. - And A place that is Jttrait and slippery, * ., k-Lj A slippery place. (TA.) [tee also consisting of smooth ston; as also ',' 3 what next follows: and see e .j.] jgl . (Aboo-Milik, TA.) meaning [Remow thou, &c.,from me,] for thou (1 :) and so hast exhausted me of what I posersed. (TA.) b44 The tracs of the sliding of children J,.j Li. A scd amel w hich, rhen she comes And ;Jl ) (1], TA, in the Cl;. .l,) from the top to the bottom of a hill: (A, , ],:) ]Ise reome, withdraws, or retires for away, to the watering-trough, and the driver (.liJJI,in of the dial. of the people of El-'Aliyeh: in the from affairs. (TA.) - And ]Ie, or it, ras, or the copies of the V1 erroneously written ~lj1, dial. of Temeem, with j [in the place of J]: became, distant, or remote. (TA.) - And .t.j TA) strikes her ace, turns her rump to him, and ($:) or [a sloping dide, or rollin-place; i. e.] a A , o., .- , aor., (],) inf. n. and J3.j ceases not to recede until she comes to the water- smoothed descending, or doping, placc; (IAr, ing-trough. (Lth, ,* TA.) - And j.3j Ia. V;) because they roll down it (ee O,sL.): ;ndl (TA,) It (a thing, TA) quitted its [in the C1 erroneously written , A stage of ( :) or a slippery place of a mountain of sands, station, or standing-place; (V, TA;) as also a journey] far-etlending. (J4, TA.) upon which children play; and likewise on 'Vj;:J: (]:) in ome copies of the ], in the aJIuj nd smootA rock: (Aboo-M&lik, TA:) pl. Ai3 proud and lf-conceited gait. (V.) is put in the place explanation of this phrase,

1. J

Cj ( ,

,) atr. ', (,)

inf. n. J(Lj (i,

(v.)

thing: (Mgh:) for ex., from adultery, or fornicaAlso Light tion. (A'Obeyd, Mgh, TA.)

J.

3.7.,

J;.j

Jj

(fi-)

(S, TA.)

Aj,.
(1,l,) inf. n. 1eL , (a,)

Q. L ia.j [inf. n. of 3ii.j] The roiln [a Be thing] down; ;yn. ,q .. (P, J) You say, to lip (ljf, [probably a mistranscription for lijl it, down or along. (S, J.)_And rolled him, or _.I 3 j, i e.jmh c. [He roiled down the he rmoed him, or it, like as J. is put in some He pushed, impedld, repelled, or drove away, stone]. (T].) copies of the v in the place of jlj in a cso men- or back, him, or it. ($1, 1.) [Hence,] one says, tioned above,]) from his, or its, place. (TA.) or it, rolled down; syn. Q. 2. ,.j3 *He,

Q. Q. 1. ,;e; .

i 3aj He made him, or it,

Q.1. ',ij,

j. L. .0i ;. j May God put away, or ward t-3: (~, ],:) or he slid, or dlipped, upon his Q. Q. 2. j;.;3 [quasi-pam. of Q. Q. 1]: see L off,ro us thy mischief. (TA.)_ -iO,-ij J posteriors. (TA.) Removing, withdrawing, or til He gave to such a one a thousand (Sgh, J.) J~..J and VJ,L |. A violent wind. (Ibn.'Abbad, ].) retiring to a distance; (;,1,TA;) and going _.U;'I J,.Jj He fiUed the vreL (fgh, -.)_ back or backwards, draing back, receding, or ,5 t . ..i. .j He hastened, or was quic, in 1j : see ,the next paragraph. retreating;(TA;) from a place. (?, ], TA.) speech. (fgh,1.)

Boox I.]
meaning [A doping elide, or roUing-place; or] the traces oJ thes liding of children from above to below: (TA:) of the dial. of Temeem: pl. ij..j: ( :) which likewise signifies dlippery place; a lso 9j&.j. (TA.).- And A grave: (, TA:) because one slips into it (TA.).-And i.q. ._^jjI;i. e. [A seeaw ;] a piece ofnood [or a plank] which children lay upon an elevated place, and a number sit upon one end of it, and a Annber upon the other [end]; and when one of the two parties is heavier, the other rises, and threatens tofaU; whereupon they [app. nwho are looking on] call out to them, Ij. -J) Ij~ # [Now leave ye! now lcare ye what ye are doing!]. (1. [See also ,ajq..])

1221 planation noted down by me as taken from the horns broken. (M, [, TA ) I.-l is also the TA, but without any reference to the art. from name of A certain horse. (4,* TA.) which I obtained it. It is not in the present art.]) ;-JI ,.lj He (a man, TA) approached, (], TA,) and reached, or attained, (TA,) the ti [age of] fifty [years]; (1[, TA;) as also 1l,. 1. a6j, (.,A,],) aor. ', inf. n. t;, (TA,) (TA.) He pushed him, or thrrust him, (9, A,) or made him tofall, (4,) into a depressed place, or a deep 0: see 1, and 8. ..... e'l C.,l and hollonw or cavity : (.I, A, 1K :) [or he pushed him, t ~. %.jl The traves dashed against each other. or thrust him, in any manner; for] j dignifies, (TA.) See a verse cited below, voce.~.j. accord. to IDrd, any pushing, or thrusting. (TA.) 8: see 1, in two places; and see also an ex. in (A,) or ,Al Rt lie a verse cited below, voce.j. One says also, You say, Wl ) J,U was pushed, or thrust, and throwvn, or cast, into I .a e l ,j, and d; *t1..ej3 [They the Jire [of Hell]. (TA.) And ,W MA Ot pushed, pressed, cronded, or thronged, together, upon, or against, such a thing]. (S.) -Hence, (A, TA) He arca pushed, or thrust, on the back by way of metaphor, iJlji .,~ojl t [Thle creditors of his neck: or he was pushed, or thrust, on the were, or became, numerous and pressing]. (Msb.) bach of his Neck, and explled. (TA.) And it is See also 6. said in a trad. of Aboo-Moosi, -"Jl & O. .. j [originally an inf. n.,] i.q. . j.., -·- - · t· - . · o- a . [A party, or company of men, straitening one e A jU t av j. oW ! [WVAooerer another by pressure; pushing, presing, crownding, or thronging, one another; i. e. a preu, crowd, or follows the Kur.dn as his guide, it will make him to alight upon the gardens, or neadoJws, throng]. (I[, TA.) A poet says, of Paradise; and wnhomsoeer the Kur-.an followsr as a punisher, it mill pust , or thrust, upon the back of his neck, until it shall cast him into the fiirSof lIell]. (s.) One says also of [lIe brought a crowd with a erowd, and they lambs or kids, tj, meaning They are drit/en; preued, one against another, like thets dashing and impelled.from behind them. (TA.) And of a together of the maves trhen the n,avcs beat one another]: he uses [hlere] an inf. n. not con- driver, j l j IIHe drove thle caunele quichly, and urged them on. (TA.) _[Hence,] sJ' ', formable to the verb. (ISd, TA.) (QC,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) He Cast forth i,is .nj, with damm, a name of Afekkeh: (Q,* urine; (IS, TA;) and propelled it. (TA.) And TA:) so says Th: but ISd says that the name C~I ' ,tj, and ;il . &j, She (a woman) commonly known is J [or., o .j.*1 or.,~AJIl,1]: ejeced the [seminal] fluid. (TA. Aj..]) [See (TA:) or it is .l.j -ae [probably, I think, a - Hence also, (TA,) illlJ ~j, (8,* A,' ,) mistranscription for .,1l J,1 . ]. (1~, TA.) aor. as above, (., A,) and so the inf. n., (TA,) He compressed the woman; (A, IC;) as also 3a.~j [an inf. n. of ,j accord. to the Mqb] ti.EjZj, (I.,) inf. n. tj&4. (TA.) - And i. q. V;1.j [likewise an inf. n. of a..j accord. to J .. i. q. &.j [He pierced hi,m, oi thrust the 1C, and of 1..I.J% accord. to the Msb: both signify A straitening, pushing, pressing, crording, him, with the pointed iron foot of the s pear]; or thronging]. (. )__ )l (TA in art. tJ.) (&Jj. And ' j, (n,) , Thle moa,ing, like j, 3 (TA,) [as though meaning "lie or hard breathing, (;^j,) with which the child and comes forth; as also ,..'j and a;,j. (] in the propelled himself,"] lIe leaped: (g, TA:) thus, sometimes a man leaps a k [here meaning a present art. and in art. .,.j.) rivulet for irrigation], putting his it;d in the 4~.j A gobbet, mor.sel, or moutlhful. (TA.) middle of it. (TA.) -And tj, (I,) i'n. n. as See 1, last sentence. above, (TA,) .He mwnt quickly; [as though .. M..j: see · a.i. propelling himself:] (TA:) he (a driver) wen,t, or journeyed, a violent, or rigorous, pace. (IS, TA.) _.e, i. q. lIveS or [i. e. One n'ho r - Ji, ($, },) [aor., accord. to analogy, -,] straitens, pushes, presses, crowrds, or thl;ongs, inf. n. as above, (S,) He (a man) was, or became, much or ecateently]. k et (1.) Hence, .;; angered, or enraged. (8, 1:. [See also j.])~ [ A shoulder that pushesa veheently]. (TA.)

lh.Lj i.q. iJi,; (9, ] ° ;)

5

2j*

[RoUed downn: see Q. L_ And]

Smooth. (TA.)

1. &.j, (MFh, Msb, 1V,) aor. ', inf. n. ,.j (M,b, ]1) and a.j (Myb) and .L.j, with kesr; (!V; [but see what here follows, and see also j below;] and t .l, (., Msb, TA,) inf. n. 4',1,; (Mqb, TA) and 3;.j; (Msb;) i. q. OidG,L [i. e. He straitened him, meaning, in this instance, byl p;ressure; and properly, being in like manner straitened by hin]: (I in explanation of a,j,, and TA in explanation of .lj :) or i. q. [he pushed him, or repelled hitn]; generally meaning [he ptshed against him] in a strait, or narrow, [or crowded,] place: (Myb in explanation of a,j, and app. in explanation of .lj also:) [or i. q. ,uli, which often signifies the same as mas; but moro properly, he pushed him, &c., being pushed, &c., by him: for] ,1 '1 j means jid l, [i. c. The people pushed against me; or pushed me, &c., being pushed, &c., by mne;' in a strait, or narrow, [or crowded,] place: (Mgb:) prussed, crouded, or thronged, me:] and p[r ii., is eyn. with ial.: (TA in art. :) #s._j! in the place of .. j is a mistake. (Mgh.) One says, l. iJl . The people straitened one another; syn. I,Laj; [or presud, ctoewled, or thronged, one another;] in a sitting-place, or place of assembly: (Msb:) as also 1 1, (Msb, ,,*0 TA,) in whatever place it be; (Myb;) and lIt j3. (],* TA.) One may also use the pass. form of ,.j, i. e.,_j [meaning He was straitened, by pressure; &c.]; and that of.l;, i. c. t, j [meaning the same]. (Myb.) tV a.j , i. He gobbled a gobbet, or more4l, or mouthful: so in the "Nawadir;" as also

~jfl (TA.)
3: see above, in two places. [Ienco,] one says, .I;zl5 L:ilt Uk #Jj t[He strovefor headship, or command, and desired it]. (IAr,

,-!.

...A - A& .. ~ oLC .34 P,.. 1 i { q. v.)

- l.q.,.~,

(T, TA,) or.,_ .,' (T, V, TA,) or malous,] (TA,) inf. n. (S, A,g A,j ) and j .ltj also signifies t He treated him, or behaMed _.A*j' 'wl, (M, TA,) The eleplant: (T, M, :) (],) The live coals glistened: ( :) or glistened towards Aim, with roughness,rudeness, hardneu, and a bull haring horns: so in the T, on the vehemently: ($, A:) and in like manner, .2,jl harehnsee, or ill-nature. (TA. [I find this ex- nuthority of IA8r: (TA:) or a bull having the [the silk]. (TA.)

TA in art. ,l.) [And hence the prov. ,.*l 3 jS : see art. >jp.] -[Hence, jI likewise,]

art. C, .,I~,

(.: in erroneously, v.l, kesr, ($,) and f,

.JI t,

(, A., ,) in some copies of the K,
(TA,) aor. , (, 18,) witIh with damm, [which is ano-

1222 R. Q. 1. 1j11 of the paragraph.

1t22 --

"

[BooKJ.I [BooKJ.~~~~t cation, pride, Aaughtiness, or iuolence, (JK, 1, TA,) and threatening. (TA.) .;tj : see the next paragraph.

iij: see 1, in the latter half He filled a thing. (I.) - It (the herb, or herbage,) fattened, and rendered comely, the ie crused a man to be cattle. (JK, ].) affected with emotion [app. by reason of mirth or j: mee the next paragraph. ',.j ' (JK, c.) joy]; syn. r..1 Also, (?,L,) and tj, Kj: see j. 1.r,l&-J The wind drove along the clouds. (JK.) (L,) [or the former is a simple subst. and the -s@ _ ; iq-q. *11p [lIe threw, or ') #l latter is an inf. n., (see 1, last sentence but one,)] Rancour, malekolence, malice, or spite; and anger, or rage: (f, L:) but .j is said to have been heard in this sense only in a verse of Sakhrcl-Gbef. (TA.)

,.lj

A sea full, or floing with nuch water,

lj The yon,,g ones of sheep or goats: of the measure LW in the sense of the measure J_;;
like I nd so calll so; , i.e.
because they are - driven, and impelled from behind them: from these, it is said in a trad. that no contribution to the poor-rates is to be taken. (TA.) :.j: wsee what next follows.

lA.b.j A woman who ejects the [semninal] fluid j (1¥, TA;) as also on the occasion of tG; (TA.)
':.p

The mlva of a woman; 1. (TA.

(1., TA;) [See .j

and rising high: (S, TA:) and a valleyjlowing with a copious and high tide of water: and it;tj, scattered, te .fine part, or particles, (accord. to also, ie applied as an epithet to a sea [in a similar, the T.K tIe .flourand bran,) in the wind], (JK, but intensive, sense]. (TA.) [Hence,] one says, a;,}lj C Mj t [Such a one is a full 1, TA,) with the ;j.L* [or instrument with wMhich lj ; bountiful, and a shiningfull moon, sea, meaning See also whlat next grain is scattered]. (TA.) TA.) The saying of meaning illustrious]. (A, follows. the lIudhalec, describing a woman, 3. ; ;j tj. I vied with him in boasting, and surpassed him, or orercamle hinm, therein. (JK, A, I.*) means Liberal with the food of the belly in the time of hunnger, when [the vein in full, and] the 5: see 1, first sentence. blood and the tempers are excited: or it means, q. . ac9: ee 1. Q. Q and her lineage is high; for the vein of the ;iLj [Fulness of the sea]. One says, 1c. generous flows fully with generousness. ($, TA.) One says also; .tj d meaning t le is generous, increasing [in generosity], or abounding [therein]. ;j~ & [I have seen the seas, but I have not (AO, S,, TA.) And ;d1 signifies High noseen one more surpasitng in fulnes than he is in t bomntifulness; and the mountains, but I have not bility. (AA, K.)-See also ai.S j, last senseen one mor'efirm in rock than he is in hcarr]. (A.) tence. - Also lejoicing,joyful, glad, or happy.
j....j, applied to a plant, or herbage, &c.,

(A, J.)
[.lj. a snilst. from l,.j, rendered slich by the all,ter..lj [is its I1., and] signifies And courses; or channels of wrater. (JK.) L41 HIcrbs: so in the saying, L5l~I _..ljj , [The herbs of the valley beca;me 'til, f,ll-g,:orn, or of theirfull height andl in blos,on]. (A, TA.)

because it is the place of ;ilD.l.]) -

ij. And I A wife; (, A, ] ;) ss though (TA,) Tall; (JK, g, TA;) as also t (JK.) she wcre the plae of ,; (TA ;) as also Z . and t '.j. (i.) /d.j#, (JK,) or £. , like ja,5, (O, TA,) ., A plant, or herbage, full-gronn; (IDrd, JK, O, Aa.*: see whiat next precedes. TA;) as also *j. (JK.)
yjd.:

affix o.]

see what next precedes.

.~jl [Afore, and most, full, &c.]. OIne snys, t [He is, ljA :, . :, ).. j Jjm,,..I >. oft/c seas, tthe nmost full, meaning, of the bountiful, the mtost bountiful; and of the fill moon., the most shining, meaning, of the illustrious, the mnost illustrious]. (A, TA.)

[;z.j A wintl bloning violently. (Freytag, (R) and j...j, so in the A, (TA,) It (tho sea) from the Deew in el-lludhalecycen.)] became fiJl; or roe, and became full; as also jk.j: see the next paragraph. t,s.j3: (] :) or both, said of the sea, itsflow, or tidle, roe, or lbeame full: (JK, A:) or the 5S.j~ 1A plant, or herbage, full-grown, full of foirmer, [or each,] said of the sen, it increased, juice; luzuriant, or abunzdant and dense, (}, taid its water became abundant, and its waves (a valley) flowed with much TA,) and in blossom.; (TA;) as also t.Sg~J iose. (TA.) -It n-aler, which rose high: (S,, IE:) itJflored copiously, and ft?3j. (K, TA.) Sec also Lk-.' _ tCand its torrent became full: or it flowed with tl giQ&.j [A place having its plants, or herbabundance of water, and its wares roes. (TA.) age, full-groann, full of juice, luxutriant, or _~il ,?.,..j (,) aor.:, inf n. j, (TA,) abundant and tlense, and in blossom]. (S.)_ The coohing-pot boiled, or began to do so: (~, TA:) ,;eI.JI Cjhij The blossoms, and the beauty And and in like manner, '.i1t [mar, or the war; brightness, of plants, or herbage. (s.) and i.e c. raged, or bgan to do so]. (A, 1.) And , It (a plant, or herbage,) , _!l ;ij The people, or party, becamu in a state [Hence,l Yh1.J .. or became luze'riunt, or abunblossomed: (JK:) ,:f commotion for the purpose of going forth to execute some affair, (AA, JK, , TA,) or for dant and dense, and put forth its blossoms; as (A, TA:) or obtained war. (JK, A, K.)__ [5'i1 Z;i The vind also o,4, inf.n. 4.: itsfull supply of mo.isture : (A, TA:) or acquired blew strongly, or vehemently. (Freytag, from the its due degree tf beauty and brightness: (TA:) said of a or became tall. (A.) Also It (any affair, or Deew&n el-lludhalceyeen.)] _Jaj plant, or herbage, It became high, or tall; (A, thing,) became complete, or pecfect, and in a J5;) and so said of anything. (JK.) - And, sound, or good, state. (A, TA.) And ;.1 said of a man, lZe boasted (A;, A, l) .; tW .J ,b,,jIJl The land had tall herbage: (A, [of what he posessed], (A 9 , J,) or 4.c L TA:) when such is the case, it is termed jIl tV ;"lJ. (TA.) [of inhat he did not poesss]; (A;) as also t?..d: (1 :) or this latter signifies he magnified himsmef; or behaved piroudly, haughtily, or insolently; and kSj.Js: see the daext preceding paragraph.lL.6.'j

1. ,j~",

(0, A, 1,) aor.:, inf. n..^. and;,.

Q. 1. Ij,j signifies The adorning,ornamenting, decorating, or embellishing, of a thing, (KL, .j~, i. c. gold: and IHar p. 3,) primarily, nwith (l.tr ib. :) andtl hlence, (I.Iar,) thic adorning, &c., of filgsehloodl, or a lie: (KL, Har:) and the f.Isifying or adulterating[of sp!ech &c.]. (KL.) You say, ,1.. oJjj, inf. n. ,jS.j,lIe adorned, ornamented, decorated, or emabelli.shed, the hous.e, or chaomber, &c.; and rendered it compleate: and J is said of anythiing as meaning It nvas adiorned, ornamented, lecorated, or embellished. ,..j Iae arranged,or riyhtly (TA.) And,l. al disposed, or put into a rilght or proper state, the speecb, or lmginnginqe: (TA:) and i.q. a:j [I. e. he embellislhed it; generally meaning, with lies]. (S, A, ]1, in art. -Jj.) [This verb is mentioned :ind explained by Freytag as on the authiority of the K, in which it is not found in this art.]

Q. 2. J..

He (a man) adorned, ornamnented,

(lecorated, or embellished, himnself. (TA.)

t,re,tened. (TA.) -.-.

j, (K,) inf. n.~,.;j, (TA,)

-".j Gold: (Fr, S, M, K:) so in the lIur xvii. 95: and this, accordl. to 18d, is the primary Speech in which is self-magliJfi- meaning. (TA.) - Then applied to Any orna-

DOOK L] ~~~~~~ 1223 - ij ~~~J,sj o-J 22 met, decoration, or e eltlihment: (1 Sd, TA:) ~Also, Also, aor.j, inf. n. * , It (a spear-head) t.,j signifies " he made in them [namely the mid J2z;~ ~ ,. .a. anttlking adorned, ornamented, decorated, or em- gleamed, gleamed, or gliJtened. (A.) And ;e -.lJ, aor. pieces of cloth] such pieces of wood." (TA.) bellised: (Ijam p. 784 :) and particularly applied A A. inf. of the upper bone to the decorations, and pictured worksh, in gold, :j, ($,) inf. n·.j, (S, If,) His eye geamedl, or , The socket in which the head e of the arm turns; (A, (; ) resembling the halfa a...Ip J with which the Kaabeh was ornamented in Pagann glistened. (,, I.*) And & of a nut: (A:) or the head itself of that bone: times. (TA.) The colours of the plants or herb- 1Iis .IiseyJes gleam, or glisten, in his hetad. (Fr, S,* (TA:) and the eztremity of t/e hip-bone, in the A, age, of land, (1K, TA,) red and yellow aund white: .A, J0, like , [by rule j, sec. pers. TA.) .mj, socket. (g.) - t A certain small bone, (1],) reits ornature, consisting in blosomns andflowers: or its perfection: so in the Kur x. 25. (TA.) ZWj, CWj, aor. jj,] He acted wrongfully, injuriousdly, sembling the half of a nut, (TA, [but this is proAnd Thefurniture, or utensilt, of a. house or tent. or unjustly, to his advewrsary, or antagonist. (1g.) bably a misplaced insertion, from the A, ubi -And And lie became intelligent oaftJer hievit.q been suprk,]) beneath the heart, of which it is the (TA.).-.Anything varni.hed, or mtbellished wvith foolish, or stupid. (I. [See also a signiification support. (K.) - t The edge, (K,) or each of the a false colouring, or falsiJied, is likened thereto fooli.ch, J: ufii, [and so termed]. (,, TA.) [Hence,] jJUJ Ji,.j of j, above.]) tivo edges, (TA,) of a sword. (IAar, 1, TA.) . ,a TIhe ornature of speecl; (TA;) the fai.r appear2: One says, J 1 ,l, > jj ad (,, A, g ) 2: see 1, first sentence: and see also 4. ance, or conmdineu, of speech, produced by the : Verily he is one wrho keeps close to tae camels; le enbelihling with lites: (, TA:) so in the Kur 3. l, (A,) inf n. ; (S, , K,): IIe bit tinm, (A;) a good pastor.f themn. (8, A, K. [Accord. vi. 112: (TA:) or it there means varnishedfalse- beiiag being bitten by himn. (8,, A, lg.*) to the A, it seems to be from jj signifying "a hood,. (Bl.) - [Its pl.] B signifies The 4. #1U, (A'Obeyd, 8, Msb,) and V ;j, (A,) lIe button."']) You term also .J4j t One who drives lines, or strteks, [that are seen on the surface] of put jljjl [i. e. buttons, or, as some say, loops for camels, or the like, vehemently; acoord. to some; water. (,, 1K.) - And Ships: (T, .K:)or orna. menated, or decorated, ships: (M, TA:) or the buttons,]uponit,namely,asliirt[&c.]. buttons,] upon it, namely, a shirt [&c.]. (A'Obeyd, but the preceding meaning, given in the 1I, is the more correct: (TA :) or it signifies one acquainted ornature of ships, u ith u'hich they are decoratetld. S, A, A, Mob.) wi14 with the right managemnent tlereof; (IS, TA;) ('Eyn, TA.) _- Also Certain insets tihat Jly 5. 5. _;p It (a shirt [&c.]) Itad jljjl [i. c. buttons, uton the water, (T, O, 1K,) having fojur legs, ges t,hem teU; (TA;) as also;J n-Avo mnages 3. ;. or, as some say, loops for buttons,] put opon it. resembling the common fly; (0, K ;) stnall flies, or, (iK·)l .t t Tle support, or prop, *f the haonga .four legs, that fly upon the nwater: (M, , TA.) religion; religion; (^ Vi-l-'Abbls, ;) like the small bone TA ;) the sing., i.&j, is expl). by Kr [in the R. Q. 1. ;j,j, (S, R,) inf. n. vjjJ, (TA,) He called j, vwhiich is the support of the heart: (AbuMunjid] as meaning a kind offflying thintig. (TA.) (a jj;j [or starling]) uttered a cry, or cries. (, l-'Abbfis, TA:) applied, in a trad., to 'Alec: in .5 & _ R# .)ie (a man) kept continually, or con- another relation, it is .;l Jj2 Adorneel, ornamented, decorated, or jj, meaning he between itianil,Y, embelli.Mhed: (8, TA:) [&c.: see the verb.] stantly,to the eating of the jjj. (IAmr, I., TA.) mwhon and the earth it a mutual dependanre, and -- o 411 jjj lle lIe continuedl, or rcmainedfixed,, ni itout wthose existrence one would repudiate the or stationary,in the place. (I..) earth and mankind : or, accord. to Tb, he b.y irhom whom the earth becomes firm, like as a shirt does 1. , nor , (, Mgh, Msb,) i n. j,- (, lie, or it, was, or became, in a by means f itsj [or button]. (TA.) Tj R. Q. 2. ; Mgh, Msb, K,) Ile buttoned a shirt [&c.]; (S, state o!f motion, or comnmotion. (..) 3a [q. lMghil, Mbh, K;*) as also t,jj, inf. n. .. ; jj Intteilect, or intelligence. (0, TA.) jj an inf n. ofjj [q. v]. (,Mghl,M b,M..)= (Mgl ; [-'tnd so in tlt, presenlt daly ;]) or tlhe latter verb [relhles to several objects, or means he but- See also. ;j The mark left by a bite: (Ii, TA:) or, as toned at shirt &c. ,rith man,ty buttons; for it] bas a1. some say, a bite itself (TA.) And A wround j: see sm what next follows. an iIiteltsive siganili:tion. (MAsb.) You say, JjjI with thei edge of ra swordl. '0(TA.) J says, Wlhen id jJ, (S, A, Msb, V, &e.,) and tJj, (ISk,) app. camels are fat, you say, I. ;, antid jj, and ,j, and ajj, Button t: but this is a mistj tpon theea thy sirt. (.) - t lile narroned his in in the same sense, (Az,) and jj lj has been also take for ojl (tgh, ],) which is pl. of ;:j. eyes [as whle.n one draws together the edges of a mentioned, but this is doubtful, (MF,) A button (TA in art ji.) vest in buttoning it]. (4,* [in which, in this (IA.%tr, (IAar, A, Msb, TA) of a shirt, (lAr, ,8,A, Msb, instance, as in others, only the inf. n. of lihe verb jj,jj, j.jj, applied to a man, (O, TA,) L;iht, or and a,) of other things, as, for instance, of. a 1011 active; and sharp, or acute, of mind, with quickis mentioned,] and TA.) S He collected, or curtain: curtain. (MF, TA:) or the loop into which a ness of perception, and of intelligence, utnderdrea tgcyether, vehemently, or forcibly. (A, MNb, button is put: (ISh:) the latter, accord. to As, 1.*)- tAj [referring to the pieces of cloth com. is the right meaning: (TA :) [but the former is that standing, sagacity, skill, or knowletige; as also 0 t1ljj; (0, ]; [in the C0I, .bjJIis erroneously posing a tent] le mnade in them what are culled towliiclithewordisgenemllynp])lied:] to whlich the wordisgenerally applied:] the former put l;]) which is also exipl. as tignifyl.;jl [11. of ;,q. v.]. (TA.) - And ;j, aor. as is also called .j, by a change of the first j: rput for in- light, or active, and. quick; (TA;) and above, (,, A, TA,) and so the inf. n., (8, ],) (I (lAqr:) pl. [of pauc.] ;ljl (S, A, Msb, 1) and [of ,9,4 tHe drove away. (,, A, ], TA. [In the TA, jjlJ, (,) of which the pi. is .;jl;. (TA.) muit.] mult.] j3jj. (5.) [Hence the saying,] .l ,A .oi the inf. n. is expl. by '.1 as well as jJs1J; but Also A certain plant, (0, ].) having a yelUun *J31 k5;3 .14 [lle is m4re fast to nme thanl my 4i3JA blosom, (O,) with Awhich one dyes: (0, K :) in a the former is a mistranscription for J211, the Zttost, button to its lool]. 1 (A.) And e;*1 :11 ll e this sense, a Per, or foreign, word. (O.) reading in the ;.]) One says, ,,.1, " 0.9I3 0 A## gave it to me altogether. (A.) -. JI[The star .4Jtt S He drives away the troops with the ga.ve jjjj: seejW.. one of the two stars called a;4I. sord. (,, A.) -_ 1 Ie bit another. (S,' A, V. s ) of Gemini;] 0 , 0 1 j!jjj: see Mo.. Accord. to A% it signifies A (gzw.) - t He pierced, or thriust, another, (], TA,) (I5zw.)--j also signifies tA certain piece of with a spear. (TI.)_ - lIe plucked out hair. wood at the upper extrenity of the pol4 of a man whos eye glisten. (TA.) *,#9 (J,* TA.) - He shook goods, or household fur- tent: tent: (A, ] :1) pi. jljjl: (TA:) the upper end jj;j [The starling;] a certain bird, (IDrd, $, niture, or the like, to remove dust c. (0, g:* of the tent-poble is inserted into it: (L:) or the 0, 1,) as also jJ, (TDrd, O, l,) resembling only the inf. n. ia mentioned in the latter.) jIj! of a tent (,'.&) are certain pieces of wrood the lark: pl. j5jl ,j1;j.(TA.);l,j;j 4 _t..;;, A Jj, (1],) aor. j, (TA,) He increasedin inteUi- which are sewed into t1A upper parts of the pieces lias narrow -,..% [or animal, or thing, upoan n,hich [or ~ne, (4, TA,)and in probatio,t or ezpe~ es. Pf of cloth which compose the tent, the lower ends of one rides or is carried; accord. to thie TK, mean. (TA. [See alo 'j, below, in this paragraph.]) irAich rhich [piece of cloth] are trpon the ground: and ing a beast; for it is there added that one says Bk. L 154
-

Buoz L]

1224
0 J0J a .

. -- n.J Jjto.., meaning a narrow au]. (O,]~.)Slhe passe the night between the channel of mater and the concealing, or protecting,place: meaning that she is fed in the enclosures for camels &c., [jUtL.JI , thus I read for L1a.J I (an evident mistranscription) in the TA,] and among the tents, or houses; not in the pasture-land. (TA.)
1

[Boo I. variation, thus: rilj J l A; meaning, notwithstanding that, beterocn u are sayings that give pain. (Idem p. 19G.)-_ t /ij. Jj, occurring in a trad., is said to mean t Wo to those who go in t9 lords, or princes, and, when they say twhat is evil, or say anything, say, lie has spoken truth: such persons being likened, in respect of their variable conduct, to one of the is.1;3 mentioned above in the first sentence of this paragraph; or to sheep, or goats, which are thus called in relation to the .,oj, i. e. the enclosure to whlich they repair, because they are obsequious So the lords, or princes, and follow their stels with the submissiveness of sheep or goats to their pastor. (TA.) - Accord. to EI-Muiirrij, (TA,) ft ,slj is applied to plants, as meaning Such as have become ':.ellon, or red, whild haringi in them greennex.: (IK, TA:) and when they saw the coloers in carpets and other articles of furniture that are spread, they likened them to such plants. (TA.) '.j and kj a5 and aj : see the next preceding paragraph, in three places. - [Golius, finding the second and third of these words expl. by the Pecrs. 31j.~, (which is often applied by Arabs in the prcsent day to " an artificial fountain that throws up water,") has erroneously, as Freytag has olservdcl, supposed that they may signify " Euril)us, fris in altum saliens."] .j;: see sentence. -Also in two places: c, and see 1, first t The lurking-place of a beast

jj

'jj: JL J seo j, last sentence but one.

t.;. and &AJ, (]s,) or, accord. to the L [and the A], on the authority of IAar, t "a,4},also said ;j3 is used by El-Marrar El-Fa]'asee as mean.iij, (TA,) are sings. of ing A she-camel's nose-rein; because it is plaited to be written mOtj and and tied. (;.) t .Ij, (]g, TA,) which signifies JjL.* [app. as meaning Small pillows]: (S, A, . :) and carpets: or any things Avhich are spread,and upon n.h ich one leans, or reclines: (A, I :) the like of this is said 1. ;,j [as an inf. n.] signifies The constructing by Zj in explaining a phrase in which it occurs in a aL,j, (!, TA,) i. e. an enclosure of wood, (TA,) the JIur lxxxviii. 16: or, accord. to Fr, it signifor sheqe, or goats: (1¢, TA:) you say, '"- fies carpets (ai; ) ihavi a fine nap, or pile: ~Jl, ,aor. tjjl, inf. n. ,ojj: (TA:) [or this, I (TA:) also, [particularly,] (A,) carpets (ej~J, think, is a mistake for what here follows:] ,.`j A, or .Jl;l, l[ar p. 377) of the fabric of EliJ, aor.jl, inf. n. .,;j (Ks, :) [i. e. Icon- .leereh; and the like thereof in .fabric: (A, and structed an enclosure of wood for the sheep or gIar ubi supri:) or t jj signifies [simply] a goats: this meaning is plainly indicated, thoughl carpet (';i1): and a cn.rpet (Laj ) having a not expressed, in the 8 and TA:] but in some nap, or pile: and a [piece of leather that is copics of the Il, in the place of,i j31 4, spread upon the ground, such as it called] ' :w as explaining we find iJIl we,, , Jijl .t and the like thereof in make. (TA. [See ilso the [meaning that 4al j; 1t , signifies sheep, or last sentence of this paragraph.]) [Hlence,] one .. j. -,,.- ..... A -goats]. (TA.) _ And I~j j _ i or says, a;- ~ ,t ;!l · ,j t [The embellished lij lie put te,* [i.e. lambs or kidl, or young coverings of mehelment hatred are spread between lamnls or kids,] into their plaee [or enclomsre of ,hem; i. e. vehement hatred concealed by fair wood]. (A. [And the like is said in the It.am professions &c. subsists between them]. (A.) The p. 155.]) .,jj, aor. , (P, TA,) said of water, following saying, of Artah Ibn-Suheiyeh, (TA,) .It.louerd;(J1, TA;) like -. (TA.)

j.. An ass [app. meaning a wild ass] that bites much. (S,a TA.)

.,L0 ,ii ,. r..... of prey. (S, K.) _ See also H;j. * W Ol)99s *~~1 7. .y,jjl I! J l ,.j3il Thie, [i. e. lanabs or kids, or young lambs or kids,] enteredl into the llj : see .j, in five I)laces. .,jj [or enclosure of wood]. (A, TA.') - And is expl. by En-Nemitce as menning t [And wre are sons of a paternal uncle, hut] upon ourenmity ,A;~j, (in the CK _1.;.,) an aranicized word, .;I1 J I.,01 (., TA) 3;3 j (TA) tThe hunter, is a comely covering beneath which it is latent; or sportsman, entered into his lurking-place. [tlerein are vehemetat hatred and envious com- (1., TA,) from [the Pers.] ,1 ;j, the hemzeh [in (., TA.) petition;] Islj signifying [properly] carp7et of .t, for 41i,] being changed into kS, (TA,) G,ld: 9. inf. n. ij, jlt, It (a plant, or herb,) sundry colours: (Hjam p. 196:) it is also said to (I Aar, 1]:) or the water thereof [i. e. water-gold; which may be deemed the more correct, as agreebecamne !/ellon,, or red, nthile having in it green- mean, in this instance, t [concealed] enmities, and ing with the original]. (K.) And Anything sayings that gire pain; [the former of these two nest. (], TA.) ycllow. (]K.) Also A certain black singingmeanings being] from I .j_*v.Jl ,,;j, i. e. bird; (MF, TA;) called also jj 31l, [alpp. a ;,; A ptlace of entrance. (AA, 8, A, 1.) _ A;..l1: [the latter of them app. suggested by mistranscription for .jj3 1, as in Freytag's And hence, accord. to AA, (s,) the same word, (A, a, 1,) and j, (ISk, 8, I,) as some pro- another reading, namely, ,_.llj in the place of Lex., i. e. j"j 1,] accord. to the book entitled nounce it, (ISk, 8,) and * J..j, (8, A, V,) t The .jiljj; mentioned and thus explaiied in the HIam "Mantik et-Teyr." (TA.) place of u~ep or goats; (A; X, TA;) [i. e.] an ubi suipra: the poet, therefore, is supposed to have s i. q. ';.4I' [Eq. v., said to be not a chaste enclosure of wood for sheep or goats: (9:) [said meant, upon our state of union, or concord, (.1. word]. (K..) 't;L having two contr. significations,) have slperin the TA to be tropical; but not so accord. to the A:] pi. of the first (A, I) and second (1) vened concealed enmilies, &c.:] or, as some say, j :see Otij., in art. ,j. 4 ,J, (A, :,) and of the last w.;J. MA.)_. the reading in the deewfin of Art.ll is .,lj, as And, as being likened thereto, (A,) -Jj and though pl. of L..jJ, which is likewise made to , to enter ti,jj signify also tThe lurking-place (ti) of denote nmity because it is made i.e. J.3,) into the heart; or which may be a hunter, or sportmman, (8, A, ],) or of an Q. 1. a..;jj (as an inf. n., T0) i.q. J. metaphorically applied to a place of enmity lateot archer, or a dhooter: (TA in explanation of the .j, meaning li;WJ3 former word:) both signify a mell [or pit] which in the bosom, from the same word as signifying the [q. v.]: (I :) one says, I.;~. (T1K.) And The being deceitful, wicked, dil " place in which are put lambs, or kids, and sheep, the hunter, or sportsman, digs for himself that he honest, or dissimulating, and mischief-mahing; o or goats :" or, supposjng the right reading to be may lie in mait therein for the game. (TA.)rery deceitful &c.: and the act of deceiving, ds ,Ilj, the poet may very properly mean, upon See also the next ppbgraph. luding, beguiling, circumventing, or outmitting the vacant space betuween our tents, or house, are ..r': see the next preceding parggraph. carpets (,JUP and ::.1) spread for us, and we ( :) one says, ';-,j, meaning .Hedeceived him Also A channel in mkich water Jfow; (]K;) and deluded him, &c. (T--.) sit thereon, near together in the places, but with l t .,j j. (TA.) It is mid in a rejez of Ka#b, the hearts remdte: (idem p. 195:) but with the ~j3, (9, ],) which is also written csjjj, i reading %.lj, mentioned above, occurs another like 'j, is mentioned in art. land also in

=

' 6 i· jr Lt . j1 V?i 6.01 k>W

BooK I.] the present art. by the author of the ], though he charges J with error in mentioning it in this art. because ji. is used by a rajiz as meaning " intoxicated :" whereas J is not in error, but is right, in doing thus; for the X is radical accord. to the generality of the lexicologists and the authors on inflection, like the , in ~,3~; and the rijia above referred to elided the <j in forming because he imagined it to be augmentative: (MF in art. .ijj:) it signifies }Vine; (S, ];) and is a Pers. word, (Ag, Sh, Seer, S,) originally e*b,jj, [i.e. Xp ";j,] (Sh, TA,) meaning " goldcoloured :" (As, Sh, Seer, S:) or it signifies, (S, Mgh,) or signifies also [like as do(s -, of which the primary signification is "grapes"], (1I,) the grape-vine; (!Sh,. , Mgli, 1i;) n. un. with S; (ISh, TA;) and pl. Xl. j: (Mgh :) it has this meaning in the dial. of Et-Ttiif: (ISh, TA in art. ,jj:) or the shoots of a grape-vine: (Mgh, gI:) thils in the dial. of Et-T6it' and ElGhowr: (TA in the present art.:) or a shoot that iu planted, of a grape-rine. (Aljn, TA.) -Also A certain red dye. (El-Jarmee, S, g.) - And lVater that remains or stagnates, or collects, or remains long and becomes alterel, or becomes yellorv and altered, in a rock: (JI in art. Cjj :) or clear water that renmains or stagnates, &c., in a mountain. (MF, TA.)

M

1226 0''" jA , like or close, rings: (A:) the j is said to be a subjj*: see j.. One says, ,j ,l likt stitute for ,. (L, TA.) dA4..t .M.l, [properly He, or it, eizd his 2. %.GUi;5s ; t He nas angry with throat, or throttled him, or choked hinm,] meaning i his companion, and looked sternly, austerely, or t he, or it, straitened him. (A, TA.) morosely, at him; i.e. he contracted his eye in ;X3k Strangled, throttled, or having his throat loohing at him, and did not open it until he had squeezed. (TA.) And, applied to the fauces [or satisfied it mith gazing at him. (A, TA.) throat], Squeezed, or compressed. (..)
'.1' "

5: see 1, in two places. 8. ;;jl, places. inf. n..;'1j! and .j..: see 1, in two

Q. 1. -,j, (8,,) inf. n. ..,oj, (TA,) He squeezed his throat: (S, ]:) or he throttled him; or strangled him: (ICc) as alsoOj. (TA.) ;J, ($, A, ],) of the measure j;, in the sense And He asrlowed it. (i.) of the measure Jo , (A,) A coat of mail; aj;jj in. n. of the verb above. (TA.) Also ($, A, I ;) as also jj, which is an inf. n. used The place of swallowing: (8, Ii:) or the 4I as a subst. [and therefore used as a sing. and a pl., [or el)igloutis]: (]g:) or, as some sy, it is [the and applied, as is also -LO to anything made of part] beneath the .t [or windpipel : or, app., mail, a piece of mail, and rings in general, like the part beneath the head of the ... ]: and in ;.', q. v.], (A,) and t ab-j: (mentioned as nyn. it, or upon it, is set the tongue: some ay that the with tj in art. ~, in the Msb and in the TA, word is Pers. [in origin; app. holding it to be arabicized from the Pers. X 4jJ, wlhich signifies on the authority of IAth:) the pl. of ;j is the " windpipe "]. (TA.) 3j. (TA.) [See also i; and' ,i.] ;j,: see the next paragraph, in two places. ;,j Quick in swallowing: (V:) but in thc Nawtidir el-Air(b, food that is soft, awl quick in descending [in the throat]. (TA.) ;j; [The qupantity that is swallowed a! once; like a,. and i.i ;] a morsel, or small mouthful: so in the saying, M i;3j J1 Xj'M 'M I [Such a one thought that I was a morsel for him]. (A, TA.)
X1 A guestu: as thoughl he throttled his companion. (A, TA.) XIjj The vulva of a woman: (1.,TA :) accord. to some, (TA,) so called because it swallows ( jij), or because it compresses (i [in the CK

iiJ

;i:

see ;b .

1. iv, aor;', (., L, Mgb, 1,) inf. n. jj, (8, L, Meb,) or .DJ; (TA; [but this I find not in any other lexicon ;]) or :jJ, (A, Mgh,) or this also, aor. ', inf n. sj and X lij; this latter form cf the verb biing mentioned by 1Drd in the Jm, and ISd in the M, and I1g$ in the Af'il; but it is disapproved by ThI, and asserted by his expositors to be vulgar; (TA;) aid ;j;;i, (S, A, A Mgh, M:b, X,) i.nf. °. (., A) and >;iJ-; (A, TA;) and tj ; (A, TA;) and ;Ij;l, mentioned by 'Amr El-Mutarriz, but this is thc most strange; (TA;) lie stvalloned (S, A, Mgh, Msb, 1) a morsel, or mouthful, (., A, Mgb, VI,) or water, (Mgh,) [and medicine; for] you say .I; ? ;j:.dJl I4. [A medicine djficult to wallow]. (A, TA.) And one says of a man swearing, .. ?jj3 and ;.' j t [IIe swallowed it; meaning, took it hastily; i. e. the oath]. (A, TA.) ;j-j, -) aor. (8, and :, (TA, and so in a copy of the $, as well as i ,) or iL j;, (A, TA, [in my copy of the A written ij,]) in£ n. ;j3, (.,) He strangled him, or throttled inm, or queezed his throat; syn. a&L, (.,15,) or sal. ys. (A.) And.o. He. took him, or seized him, by his throat. (TA.) (1V,) in£ n. jj, (Q, A,) He fabricated the coat of mail, by inserting the rings one into another; i. q. t,jo: (I :) sil1 is like ,..Jl, meaning the inerting (J.I,j [an intranL in. n. here used as though it were trans., as is shown in the ? in art. "-,,]) of the rings of a coat of mail, one into another: (F:) [or, a Z says,] tsl >j means

.L

aor. :, (1,) inf. n. aj,

(., TA) and

.rj~f again]), (1, TA,) i. e. ,jI, by its straitness. (K, TA.)

*J , (TA,) the

al)j, (TA,) He sowred, or cast Ceed; (., K,TA;) as also t?j;l, (., Msb, I,) originally 'd.jl ! the i being changed into v in order that it may agree with the j, (S, I5,) for s and j are pronounced with the voice as well as the hreath, whereas ,~ is pronounced with tho breath only: (S, TA:) [or the latter verb, as appears from an explanation of it to be found below, may signify he sowedfor himsef.] They say, . j.J C [Ie who sows reaps]. (TA.) And [they use this verb transitively, saying,] j.,ilj.l t ji [I sowrd wheat and barlty]: and in like manner,

aijj: see ,.

J.1 wJ [I sowed the tres; or sowed the weds which should produce the trees: or it may signif'y

I planted the tree]. (Ibn-Abi-l-eadeed.) And ;hJ (S, O) and t (V) A cord by rrlich *tL;s_ f1<A e·jj the throat of a camel is compressed, in order that ~i(;; C3l S [Thy generoity and the goodness of thy dishe may not eject his cud therefrom and bespatter hi. rider,. (8, K~.) The former word is also expl. position have sown lore for thee in the hearts]. in the 1 by Aii"Wo, [in some copies of the K (TA.) And it is said in a trad., ,bjl J v.;*tb X> aMiA,] which signifies the same. (TA.) [hoso hath land,] let him sow it [or let him lend >1jj The art offabricating coats of mail; (A, it, or giv it, to his brother; and if he reqfuse, let TA;) as also ',',. (TA.) him retain hi. land]. (TA.) s;jl v g jj, 1jj A strangler; or one who throttles, or (Mgh, Mb,) inf. n. ij, (M,b,) signifies [also] t He ploughed up, or tilled, or cultivated, the squeezs the throat; syn. 3t;. (A, TA.)_ land, or ground, for sowing. (1Mgh, M 9b.) And A fabricator of coaU of mail; (S, A,];) Hence [the saying in a trad.], i'Sl e, . j 61 as also -. (TA.)

1 t,.

t ,?hen this nation shaU employ

tb,,

~>. [The place of strangling or throttling; itself altogether with agriculture and the aflairs like t ;j..; meaning] the fauces; (., K, TA;) of the present world, and turn away from warring against unbeliever* and the like, aid shall be with. the throat, or gullet. (TA.) drawn from it. (Mgh.) - JJ; Zj3 signifies because the coat of mail consists of narrow, s:ee ,l. God causd it, or made it, to grow, veetate, or 1564 *

1220 germninate; ($, Mgh, Mob, V ;) and, to increase; (Mgh;) namely, : dI [the seed-produce]. (Mgh, Mob.) Tho verb is properly thus used of divine affairs, exclusively of human: (Er-Raghib:) and ,JI hence the saying in the lhur [Ivi. 63-4], i ., . . ,;1 _;_ j- (1,a Er-

[Boos I. piety, and I beg of Him means of subsistencefor scattered upon it in the dlays qf tie reaping; them, or him, of such kind as is of larvful attain- (Q;) i. e., of the grain; mentioned by Qgh, on the authority of ISh; and by Z, who says that it mcent]. (TA.)

is also called Z.S. (TA.) c3, originally an inf. n., [see 1,] (Mgh, Mfb, laes. TA,) used as a subst. properly so termed, signiUljj: ,see see A&p, in in two two place8. lying Seed-produce; what is raised by ,neans of (TA) [One [act. part. n. of 1:] i.q. tlIj Itghib) Now think ye, what ye tom, do ye cause sowing; (Mgh, Mb ;) what is town; (K, TA;) it to grow, or are W's the causers of growthA? n,hile in growth, [i. e. standing corn, and the who sows:] tone who ploughts tip, tills, or culti(13d :) or, as some say, do ye cause it to increaMe, like,] (P and TA voce ilJ,) and also after it has yates, land: (Mgh:) pl. tlj. (TA.) By this or,are We the causers of its increase? the "±-t been reped; (? and Msb and V in art. e, S&c.;) pl., in the Kur xlviii. 29, are meant Mohammad [or sowing] being ascribed to them, and the ~j its predominant application is to wheat and barley; and his Companions, the inviters to El-lslam. [or causing to grow] exclusively to God: when (TA;) but it signifies also plants, or herbage, [in (Zj.) - Causing to grow, regetute, or germinate: the latter is ascribed to a man, it is because he general,] such as one reaps; or, as some say, only (, TA:) causing to increase: (TA:) pl. with is an agent as a means of making to grow; as whilefresh andjuicy: (Mb :) [and often a sown o.;. (S, TA.) Also The name of a certain jt ;1 when you say, I.i ;.,il t I war a means oj fuld:] pl. 'jj. (?, Mgh, M9 b, K.)-[Hence,] dog: (Ibn-'Abbad, IF, g:) whence causing such a thing to grov. (Er-Rghliib.) [In t OJfspring, or children; or a child. (IDrd, l~, meaning t dogs. (Ibn-'Abbid, Z, IS.) tj!, meaning TA.) You say, CWS tjj;4 like manner,] you say, W;j t& These are the a" (s, Msb, Ig, &c.) and isj. (Sgh, L, g) [lle raised seed-produce, i.e., was a means of offspring, or children, of such a one. (IDrd, anda "j. (i) A place of ,j [or seed-produce]; cans;ng it to gron,,] for hitnself in particular. TA.) And Ji .,I ,J * lHe ai the offspring, j; (am as nilso't j--,; (S, Msb,J ;) and ... llcne,] one says, with respect to a (TA.)[ or child, of the man. (TA.) - And t The seed, p. 657;) or this last signifies laoid that is sown: child, al1 il t AMay God render him sound and or senminal fluid, of a man. (TA.) _ [And (TA;) and of * the strong; syn. ,+: (1, I, TA:) like as one says t The fruit, or harvest, of a man's conduct; as (TA:) pl. of the first l; (Ham, TA.) [Hence the saying,] last ..11;. ! ~il: and in like manner, e" 3jA dA. l ,jj thlough it wcre the prodice of what lie sowed.]

i.J,I :[The present world is the ,j it , t [Vry eiil is ;-jd,1 a. I [[ay God render th;ne !fspring sound and One says, .Jjl stront, or rather, cauJs thine o/ffxpting to gronw the fr'uit, or harvest, tf condect; the fruit, or place in which it produced tbefr.uit, or harest, u),,.rfr the doinlg, or enjoyment, of m'hat is good]. harvest, of the conduct of the sinner]. (TA.) to be reaped in the world to conme]. (TA.) ... . ... . ... J toj S[An (TA.)_[Ilencae also,] ;9iU ' U:j and tV LJ and t acnnd t A;j A place incroea.ae ras made.for him after adversity; or] ..... -.... in which to sow. (Aln,Sgh, g.) You say, lhe obtained property after want; for the verb in )j:see sp 6 a&jj ;j31 to, &c., (1;,) or o_lj e;j, &c., this instance is like c.' (Ihn-'Abbhd, K.)
3. Latj. is of the measu,re .a/l , [denoting a mutual action,] frumn al jl, (Mgh,) and its signlification is well known; ( ;) i. e. Tlhe making a contract, or bargain, with another, .for labour upon land, [to till and sonaand cultivate .it, as is indicated in the Mghi and Mob,] for a share, or portlion, of its produce, (AMb, I, TA,) tle sed being from tIts owner qf tlhe land. (4, TA.) Rslj lie made with him a contract, [You say, or bargain, such as is abore described; and in like manner, aIhr, and *1i. The doing this is forbidden, because of the uncertainty of the result.] .jl It (a plant, or herbage,) had, or became in the state of having, tjj [i. e. produce of its seed; i. e. it gOro from its seed]: (TA:) and, said of tjj [or seed-produce], it became tall: (K :) or, as some say, it produced its leaves: and it attained to the proper timefor its being reaped. ;.Il [expl. (TA.)_,.'l 3jj1 signifies ,jl in the TIg u meaning The men, or people, became able to sow seedl; i. e., became poaseors of seed: but I rather think that it means they had seedproduce within their power, or reach; they became able to avail themselves thereof; or they attuined to a eason when they had seed produce]. (:.) 4 and in like manner, j.~'JI l, (TA,) There iJ not in the land, (.,) or upon the land, (TA,) a elsew here in thejj: se here assined jto it]) nd place, (K,) or a sinule place, (TA,) in which to sowv. (I., TA.) - [Tle first also napp. signifies ~ F*o I& -. 3 JJj is of a rae fe-rodur, like ;L~, q. v.,] t aj, [ which An ear of corn: see e.~.] lar.ast ,) mentioned(TA.) (Afor himbeycifF,in articus , Mb, U3: see a;4j. -Also Seed, or grain, fo' nuthonity ,suthority of A'Obevdl A'Obevyd [hut not founid by me sowing, or that is sotwn; syn. .L. (JI.) You say, elsewhere in the sense here assigned to it]) and and i ,) (Mb as on theis byEl-(an,nee, (A'Obeyd, a Zl UI J at [Gise thou to nme seed ? ahljj, [which is of a rare form, like 3"L.a., q. v.,] tJ, that I may sow therewith my land]. (TA.) [See (A'Obeyd, IF, S., Msb, ~,) this last mentioned by El-Kananee, (A'Obeyd, S,) and by Kzz in his also &ajy.] - And t The young one of a Jumi', but not known to A'Obeyd on any other [generally meaning a partridge]. (Z, TA.) authority than that of El-l1anhnee, and the first is said by him (A'Obeyd) to be preferable, (TA,) A company, or congregated body, of men: (S, .. see 'j-j. Msb, K:) or ten thereof: (], TA:) accord. to some copies of the 1K what is terwmed an ;;0' J [iq.t [ Sown: kc.: ace asJ]. _ [ti.e. a nsmall portion of a tribe, &c.,] thereof: Seed-produce that is watered by the rain. (Ijam ,i,, (IF, $, Mglh, Mob) and ;4ljj: p. 657.) And hence, tAnything soft, or ten- (TA:) pi. with w.1ij, (IF, Mob:) in a poem of Lebeed, der; as being likened thereto. (Id.) U13j [an inf. n. of 1, q. v.: and] The businets, teshdeed to the j. (TA.) One says, ,.i.I &U,l

AU6j cs, obfrl, g) a,,d * a"ij' (M;!, Re on the

i. e. The people, or party, [or °,.1, or occupation, of sowing, tplougthing up, tilling, · *fl3 a came to me with their whole company; meaning, or cultivating, land. (Mgb, Mqb,* TA.) all together]. (TA.) 1Also bij and 9 1jj, 0 j A thing that is sown; (IDrd, ;) some- ($, O, Mgh, L, Msb, ~,) the latter, only, mentimes used in this sense; as though meaning tioned by IDrd, (TA,) who says, I doubt whether V/'.: (IDrd:) or grain that is sown: an, it be a genuine Arabic word, or not, (Mob, TA,) with teshdeed, is wrong. (IB.) [See also #gj.] but some say that the latter is vulgar, (TA,) and J (He hastened, or i; q. 8;.r1 J1 t itjj and * Ul)j, (O, L, Mab, ],) but the first see : . Also t A calumniator: made haste, to do evil, or mischief]. (Sgh. .) of these four is the most chaste, (L, TA,) [The (IAgr:) one srho soes rancours in the hearts of camelopard, or giraffe;] a certain beast, (1,g, 3 8. ;ji! originally j!: ee I, in two places. friends. (TA.) [in the Mgh erroneously said to be a beast of p feJ o dm go 10 be Go .tom1ake i What groms in land that has been left prey,]) of beautifl mhake, the fore legs of which a year or more, from what has become are longer than its hind legs; (TA;) said to be unsown for for up grow offiprint [I beg God to make my

4j

BooK I.] called by a name signifying idl because it hai s y
the form of an asemblage of animals; (Myb;)

i ,-

jJi

1227

j, and .! , tlie looked sliarply, oir[a blue colour, (see 1, first sentence,) wliethe'r intently, or attentively, at him; he cast his eye ait light or dark or of a middling tint, but generally in Per. called i. ;t :f, (., Mgh, I,) i. e. him. (TA.) jl the first;] sky-colour, or azure; (T]C;) [bhuenes (, TA,) or camnel-o-leolard, (TA,) because it has resem(TA,) She (a camel) mnade the saddle, (., TA,) of the eye;] or graynen of the eye; (PS;) [or a blances to the camel and the ox and the leopard: or the load, (TA,) to shift backwards: (, TA :) greenish bue in the eye: (see again 1, first sen(I, TA:) pl. jlj, or , or r Ij, (accord. and ' , t,.4ljjl, (V,) int. n. jJ!I, (TA,) She tence:)] accord. to ISd, whiteness, wherever it be: and a ;. [by which may be meant greennes,, to different copies of the ], the last accord. to the (a camel) made her load to shift backhnards. (~.) or dust-colour intermixed rrith blackneu or deep TA,) like j;j. (TA.) [See also 2.] ,j,j, aor. ' and -, (S, Mqb, 1,) ) ash-colour,] in the jl.. [here meaning iris] of the inf. n. j, (Mb,) said of a bird, i. q. ~ [i. e. eye: or, as some say, a whiteness oerswreading Mljj: see the preceding paragraph, in two It muted, or dunged]. (., Myb, .) the 1b_ of the eye [app. when a person becomes places. [2. ;jj, accord. to Golius, as on the authority blind: see 1, third sentence; and see also `]. 1 5 1 l and aIj: see the first paragraph; the of the KL, " i. q. Pers.. ^l, Fecit ut stillUaret, (TA.) [In the present day it is often improperly s former in three places. stiUatim emisit :" but it appears from my copy ofr used as meaning A black colour.] the KL that this should boe Jj; for I there find j. Having, in an intense degree, that colour ~';; (not .19j3) expl. by the Pers. .e;t: of the eye nahick is tewmed ;a"'; ( K ;*) applied a, then, however, immediately follows, in that copy, to the male and the female; (IC;) [i.e.] appliedl Q1. i. ~ j He diposed the hair lhang- another explanation: -and The shifting backing down upon each of his temples in t,e form (f rwards ofa camel's saddle fiom hij back: there- also to a woman: (s:) accord. to Ibn-'Oqfoor, it is [used ns] a subst.; [or, app. as an epithet in a ,h;j4 [or ring]: (S,* 1]:) but this is post- fore it seems that either &.WJj is there omitted whlich the quality of a subst. predominates ;] not classical. (S.) before this second explanation, (see 1, last sen- [as.] an epithet with a subst.; (MF, TA;) but tence but one, and see 7,) or Jea is there a accord: to Llb, one says ...a;j ; anvd lj ;.1: .!jj and i,;j, (., Mgh, K,) or the lalter is j,J.] the,. is augmentative. (TA.) the correct word, for there is no word of the mistake for .. 4: see 1, in two places. measure in the language, (Az, TA,) [though ;jj [Intensenes of a;j, i. o. blueness, or graythe former is ngreeable with the Pers. word which 7. 3.j;l It (an arrow) passedl trough, and ness, in the eye;] the attribute dlenoted by tie is the original,] A ring of a door: (Mgh, 1:) or wrent forth on the other side: (Lth, K:) and in .pithlet .. 3 j. (Lb, TA.) [a ring] in a general sensec: (K:) pl. cIjj, like manner a spear. (1 in art. _ lie, .j.) occurring in a trad. as .ppulied to rings of a coat or it, passnued, so as to go beyond and away. (TA.) gjj [and app. &jj wl (see A) certain of mail belonging to thle Prophet, by which rings - lie entered into a burrow, and lay hid. (~ in bird. (.K.) it was suslended: (TA:) arabicized, (., K,) art. j3jj.)- 1t (a camel's saddle, 8, K, and a ."-j [dim. of .'Uj fem. of 2 j;i] A mess of from the Pers. [ ]. (S.) - The latter also load, TA) ridted backwards. (S, ], TA. [In the j,l is erroneously put for j:jl. signifies A eronipn!i of tnen [app. dispo.sed in the C.sI See an crumbled bread (o.h,) dreed with milk andl ex. in art. jaj, conj. 4.]) .]Ie (a man, As) olive oilt: (JK, Z, g':) likened, because of its form of a ring]. ('TA.) laid himseif dorn on his back. (As, ].) seasoning, to the eyes that are termed j;j. (Z, TA.) ~ Also A certain small boast, r~erebling 9: see 1, in three places. the cat. (Lth, K.) 11: sec 1, second sentence. 1. 3j, (MA, TA,) [aor. ',] inf. n. ;;j (., jjj A certain bird uied for catching other MA, KL, TA) antd ';j, (MA,) [or the latter is Q. Q. 2. ojs, (K, TA,) in some of the copies birdls; (IDrd, S, ] ;) betwenen the [species of han.k a simplle subst.,] Hle had that colour of the eye of the gK .;njj, (TA,) lie (a man, TA) cast called] Lkoi 1 and the ,ly[or spmrrow-harh]: ,:hich is ternmed IJjj [q. v.]; (~, TA;) [i. c.] he [forth] what oas in his belly: (E, TA:) so says was bluc-e!/el; (KL;) or gray-eyed; (MA, PS;) Fr. (IDrd, TA:) or, accord. to Fr, the white u.Q (TA.) or of a greenish hue in the eye [so I render the [or falcon]: ($, TA:) [but] it is sard in the A, -· e1 & , -J .j Pers. explanation .&. , .. ]. (MA.) And jj [inf. n. of jjj, q. v.: and] i. q. aUjj, q. v. ~jjg ; d. j .jJ, · Adl 9 [T7he j is not to be comj; (, ;) and '_ , inf. n. ( .) - Blindness: (V:) in this sense also an pared with the j,jl], which latter is dthe ijt: ,%j.!; (S;) and (, MA,) inf. n. inf. n. of which the verb is ,jj. (TK.) - Thc (TA :) the pl. is 1;j. (li t (S, K.) o And A rhitequality of being very clear or bright, in the iron ness in the forelock f a horse; (R, TA ;) or in ,y!;; (S ;) ]lit eye was of tie colour termed head or blade of an arrow &c. (ISk, .. [See, the hindler part of his hecad, behind the forelock. Ijj; (., K;) [i. e.] hlis eye wat gray; (MA:) again j.j, of which it is app., in this sense like- (0, TA.) And Somtc ,.'hite hairs in the fore ley ["c.] - And 4j.j, (Tn,) inf. n. 'Jj, (K, TK,) wise, an inf. n.]) - A sort of e..a [i. e. of a horse; or in his hind leg. (TA.) Also le (a man, T~) rwas, or became, bliand. (K,* whiteness in the legs, or in three of the legs, or in Sharp-dightel: mentioned by Sb, and expl. by T].)_ [And J. ~j, inf. n. is app. the two hind legs, or in one hind leg, beneath the Seer. (TA.) used as signifying The iron head or blade of an knees and hocks, or beneath the hocks, or beneath 3j, apl)plied to a man, Very deceikl; or a arrow &c. e as, or became, very clear or bright: the hock, of a horse,] not including the border of theipastern newt the Aoof: (AO, V :) or, as some great deceiver. (TA.) , 'ee J3, below.] -_ And rl The ,j c water wa, say, (TA, but in the I. "and") a whiteneus not ;jj,with fet-b and teshdeed, A shortjavelin; or became, clear; as also t jl. (M 9b.) surrounding the bone altogether, but [only] a pl. ~.~ 1 j. ._¢m '~ ';.Jj J1Iis eye turned townards me so whitenes of the hair (.ij) upon a part thereof. i. e. a spear shorter thana the I.: (TA.) - Also i. q. ~ ; (IA*r, L and 1g in that the rwhite thereof appeared; (8, ;) as also (1, TA.) art. Ci ; in some eopies of the ], aljj; and in # Jjl and V (Fr, ) j, (Mgh,) J;j A certain bead ( f.i) the purpose of for the C.K 61j ;) i.e o. An instrument made of copper, or ;.. 4J, (., I,) or , (Msb,) aor. ', fascination, (Ibn-'Abbid, k,) with which women or bran,for shooting forth naphtha [into a be(Meb, TA,) inf. n. j, (Mgh, Msb,) He cast at fascinate [men]. (Ibn-'Abbid, TA.) sieged place]. (L in that art.) Aim, ($, Mgh, Ig,) or he thrustw him, or pierced 3ji A certain colour, (Mqb, ],) well known; J,u: &e.: see -e art. j. Aim, (Mgh, M^b,) ith a 3j.Y' [or jaelin], as also t jjj: (I :) it is [in various things; but (., Mgh, 1:,) or with a ypear. (Mqb.)_[Hence,] is generally expl. as being] in the eye: (JK,8 :) , 3A Aort of ,ck [or boat]; (. ;) [a ,kif

*

Jj,

1258

1jj-

.j[o

[Boox I.

i.C ] a sm/all aLA; (4I;) or a smaUll .j: pl. slaughter of him was just; and they pronounced abject, mean, or ignominious, whose near kinsfolk (TA.)J;ij. (TA.) Dhu-r-Rummeh says, [refe;ring to the Companions [of the Prophet] to have been arefew; (IA9r, K;) as also .,j. One who does not remainfixed, or settled, in any [making it fern., guilty of infidelity. (TA.) Jl jjj~ ;; a she-camel,] place. (AV, K.) 3(,k. A javelin; i. e. a short spear, (S, Mgh, , . [3xcelUent, because] meaning ;iii . (Mgh, Meh.) or nost ercellent, is the boat, or ;kiff, of the Mhb, k,) lighter than thce _.jj: see the next preceding paragraph. Also A camel that makes his load to'shift bachWesert, or waterlwe desert.] (S, TA.) wards. (Az, K.) t nx3p. IJ·13: see Sjj! Of the colour termed Zjj [q. v.]; (Msb, TA ;) and Vu signifies the same: (TrA:) an Quasi Jj. Also The cat. (ISd, .. ) .. jl1: see.W_j. epithet applied to a man, signifying having what _..j and L.j are expl. in art. 3jj. .. ;p Slhrinking, or drawning hi,nsc.f together; is termed Uj of the eye: (S:) blue, (KL.,) [whether light or dark or of a middling tint. but (A'Obeyvd, S,K ;) as also .e1; (Tl, K, TA; .~j generally the first ;] ky-coloured, orazure; (TK ;) lumm: (TA:) or, [in the CK.,~Ijj;]) eat:h witl;dh blue-eyed; (MA, KL;) gray-eyed; (MA;) [or 1. .,jj, (., K,) aor. , (Is,) inf. n. .j, (TA,) accord. to A'Obeyd, ij. significs thuddering. luving.q greenish hte in the c!yc: kc.: (see eij :)] said of one's urine, (S, g,) and of his flow of and shrinking; with the before the j; and AZ tem. U';Jj: (S, Mqb:) pl. j;j. (Mpb,.) [In the tears, and of lhis speech, (K,) and of his oath, doubted whether the word having this meaning present day it is often improperly used as meaning (TA,) and of anything that had gone back, (S,) .. or3jy.; but Az says that the former Black: and is applied to a horse, an ass, a mule, It became interrupted, or stopped; or it stopped; were j. is the right, with the j before the j, and that it is a bird, and any avnimal, and sometimes to other or ceased; (S, K;) as also Vtlj,l. (Q.) And so thus accord. to Ibn-Jebelch. (TA.) - Also things, as meaning gray, or ash-coloured.] the former verb said of a sale. (TA.) -And, Angry. (AZ, TA.) - And Silent. (1 B, TA.) [And Blinl; prolperly by reason of a bluish, or of a cat, (.K,) llis grayish, opacity of the crystalline lens; i. e., by said of a (ldog, (S, IK,) and or dryl dngty, (1K,) stoppedl in his wvhat is comnmonly termed a cataract in the eye.] dung, (S, K,) 4 j Sihe rectum. (M, IS.) : see 4. , in the J.ur [xx. 102], . i U5;j, j , (his mnother, S) brought him forth. (K, I.) ,;j A certain per.fune: or certain sweetmeans [And we will congregate, or raise to life, trees: (K :) or a slwcies of swect-smelling smelliany on that day, the sinners, or unbelievers,] blind; (TA,) 2: see 4.__ Lj, (S,TA,) inf n. , (S :) it consists of slendetr round itiJ·s, plant: (Bd, K,' TA;) because the black of the eye of Ie, or it, rendered hinm .jj, i. e. niggardly, or ['. to, misprinted eL,] the thichnes between the blind becomes blue, or gray: (B4:) Zj says avaricious: (S.:) or it (time, or fortune,) cut oJf of the large needle anul the thichne.s otf writingthat they will come forth from their graves seeing, from himn good, good things, or prosperity. (TA.) reedls, black inclining to yellouness, niot having ae they were created at the first, and will become mnuch taste nor odour, its little odour being of a blind when congregated: (TA:) or the meaning 4. .ljl lie, or it, interrupted it, stopped it, kind like thatt of the citron: (Ibn.fragrant is, thirsty: (Th, TA :) or with their eyes become or caused it to ceaMse; namely, one's urine, and book ii. p. 168:) [l:reytag says, as on the Seenik, blue, or gray, by reason of intense thirst: (ISd, hIis flow of tears, and his speech; as also t "j, of the K, but he seemnis to have taken it authority TA:) or blue-eyed, orgray-eyed, (O~dl jI,) be- aor. , (1,,) inf. n..jj; (TA;) and t $ ;j, (VI,) from the TK, that, "accor d . to sonic, it signifies is the worst of the colours of the eyc, int. n. j3. (TA.)- And lHe intcrrupted, or the leaves of a sa et-smncling plant, which has the cause %&3jl anl -the most hateful thereof to the Arabs, for stopled, his (another's) urine. (A(, ] $, K.) name ofbl.~.l J , locusts'foiat :" and hlie adds, tbe Greeks were their greatest enemies, and are .Juj She (a camel) interrupted her flow oj as though on the authority of Ibn-Scena ubi supit, 3j. (BoI.) - Applied to the iron head or blade urine by little and little. (AA, TA.) "salix Acyyp,tinca :" referring also to Sprengel, of an arrow &c., Very clear or bright: (ISk, IIist. rei. herb., t. i. p. 270:] also sa.ff,.on: ( f.:) 8. .1;>jI The act of snwallonwing [a thing]: (S, it is of the measure JL; 8, I :) and 3.i [lised as a subst.] means spear($, TA ;) and is a heads ($, () or the like; (ls;) because of their g.:) mentioned in the S in art. .. jj or .. jj genlluine Arabic word, though asserted by Ibncolour; ($, TA ;) or bocause of their clearness, [accord. to different copies]; (TA;) and in the EI-Kutbee to be arahicized. (TA.) A rfijiz says, or brightness; (TA;) or polished iron heads or K, as an art. by itself; thi reason whiereof is not -'...31 AY , bla,des of arronws ,c. (.Ham p. 313.) And Clear apparent; for it appears to be of the measure s ,0,3 . · (TA.) pi. as above. $, Mqb:) (IAor, water: (MF, TA.) Jl; notJi. : 1j,.a-1 The sheer enemy: or [the Ilence, j'j")l K in n [0, with my fiather thou shouldst be ransomed, fierce enemy;] the enemy that is vehement in [Also] He shrank, or drcIv himsel/ and thy mouth that is cool and sweet, as though hostility; because aJ,j of the eyes is predominant see 1. were sprinkledl upon it]. (S.) In the trad. in the Greeks and the Deylem, between whom together: (A'Obeyd, $ :) or he skhuddered and and the Arabs is a confirmed enmity. ([Har p. 148.) shrank. (TA.) - And He was angry. (AZ, TA.) of Umm-Zarg, where it is said, ,Ji L,_ .1P * _ J,Jj)l The otj [i. e. hawk, or.falcon: because l of a hare, [Tlte feel is the ' -l .ojj [app.;j] Dung, or dry dung, stopping in of his colour]: pl. as above. (TA. [See also the rectum of a dog or eat. (TA. [See 1, third and the odour is the odour of jjj], IAth says :U.JI ;.]) _ And The Ileopard. (TA.) _ 1 that it signifies saffron; and she may mean the .j Caution. (g.) sentence.]) 1Vine: ( :) [app. because of its clearness:] so sweetness of his odour, or the perfulme of his .,j Anything becoming interrupted,or stopped; garments among the people. (TA.) - Also The mays AA. (TA.) - And the name of A horse of N4fi' Ibn-'Abd.-El-'Ozzd. (Ibn-'Abb&d, K.) stopping, or ceasing; as alsot.'l. (TA.) Scanty, [dung such as is termed] jy of vild animals. or little in quantity, and becoming interrupted, ot1 ~ Also, [and, as appears from what follows, Jjj.,: see the next precedinF paragraph, first stopped: so in the phrase .0Jljj J.: or thiE (Ki.) t."iaj likewise, if this be not a mistranscription,] sentence. _ Also sing. of )1j'1, (TA,) whiichi signifies [simply] a man whose tears are becoming The vulva of a woman': (1C, ° TA :) or such as is is the appellation of A certain sect of the [hretics, interrupted, or stopped. (TA.) - A she-camel large: or the etertnal portion tlhereof: (V:) or (S. I1C,) or g_; or schitmatic., called] jI that interrupts her elom of urine by little and a piece of.flesh (IK, TA) wiithin tihe CjlSj [a mis(AA, TA. [Thus used as a fern. epithelt transcription for C1.j., little. Ibn-EIto Nifi' in relation (TA;) so called a name for the mdva], Azralk, ($, ],) who was [of the family] of Ed- without .]) - A dog, and a cat, nwhose dung, or [or ., q. v.]: (g, TA:) (TA,) behind the aa Dool Ibn-Haneefeh: ( :) they aserted that dry dung, has stopped in his rectum. (TA.) 'Alee committed an act of infidelity by submitting Straitened [app. in his means of subsistence]. behind the $ .;j is another piece of flesh: so his ease to arbitration, and that Ibn-Muljam's (g.) - Niggardly, or avaricious. (S.) - Low, says IA4r. (TA.)

Q.Q.4.

(s;i!,

A,! :

$)

it q. Boot I.] &;jj:see the next preceding sentencet, in two by Kr on the authority of Lb: (TA:) [the dual] places. , (?, Mgh, ],) mentioned by J in art. Xu ijj, the X0 being regarded by him as augmentative, but by the author of the I as radical, (TA,) ,P.o also pronounced QJ13j, (K,) signifies Two pillarQ. 1. &--J [as inf. n. of ;J3] The irtigating constructed by the head [land] by means of the j;j [here app. meaning like structures ('Ojt) rivauet]. (Mgh, ]g.) - And The setting up a *f a well, ($, Mgil, K,) on the two sides thereof;; ss (g ;) or two walls; or two posts; (Mgh;) acro [pillar-like structure such as is termed] jJ3 by which is placed a piece of wood, ($, Mgh,) caled a well. (K.)~ One says also, ;i;j, (1g,) inf n. the &4ta; ( ;) and to this is supended the pulley as above, (TI,) meaning I clad him [app. by means of which the water is drawvn : (?, Mgh :) 1JI ;A-j or two structures like the sijns set up to show .,Pt1 in the clothes: see Q. 2]: or , the way, by the brink of a well, of clay or of I put the clothing upon him; or clad himnt stones: (TA:) accord. to the S, (TA,) if of wood, J.j ,1l therewith. (T ) ~ And they are called C.1s51: or, as El-Kilabee says, .j J..i [No one will exceed to thee th excel- if of wood, they are called eijti , and the crossence ofZeyd]. (TA. [It is there indicated that pie-e is called the a., and to this the large j.]) [See bucket is suspended: (S, TA :) pl. j,~lj. (TA.) this is from U;J asnsyn. with WJj as a simple suhst. below.] -_ jj; also signifies A rivulet; (Sh,; Mgh, K ;) app. a rivulet in which runs the water that is Q. 2. Pj3 lie drew water by means of the drawn by means of the 3j3jj. (Sbh, Mgh,* TA.) i,;jj, (Mgh, g, TA,) or the .UA1jj, (TA,)for hire. (Mgh, 5,TA.) Hence the saying of'Alee, .;j [i.e. Arsenic]; an arabicized iq. i; is also the latter [q. v.]. (TA.) as (9;) word; 1 t 1 '), meaning I will not omnit, ,ajjj _.3 . A or neglect, the pilgrimages though I sitould draw vater by means oJ the ,j3jJ, or jUjj, andperform it with the hire obtained thereby: thus it is explained: another explanation will be fouud in . what follows. (Mgh, TA.) - ,Aol , Hle clad, and covered, himself in the clothes. (1s.) _ And hence, [it is said,] because implying concealment of the excess [of the price] in the (Mgh, g, sale, (TA,) zP also signifies ., TA, [in the CIV, erroneously, i,]) from a;)jJl meaning La-'l; (Mgh ;) i.e. He bought on credit, for an exceu [in the amount of the price]. (T?g.) . i, in the saying of And accord. to some, ;
'Alee mentioned above, means '.:j J, (Mgh,)
*---0.

a

1220 meant him ' .1 ' li's i. q. any yji [lapp. here meaning (in like manier copies. also, m below in this paragraph) lie .fell it is rendered as s latter which smu required by or estimation thort of that rhort l are Ftim, /tim, or due to him]; and ;Ipjjl, i.e. he conljj: l; temmed, temned, or dspised, him; [and so, app., 'see :see P;)] or made him to be contemned or affair,syn. i;*. or JI. impid; (8, accord. to differdcpited; a shook. .nt ent copies. [But whether this last explanation be UU here meant relate to at.Jjl and *,ljl or to to I n. [hence,] Lhe alone,1.is not clear.]) He lorwercd his the latter in L, ,ondit", or estimation. (gam p. 117.) ire ,ondition, rnuired 5rought brought against him the imputation of afault, or vice, or the see like, ('Eyn, I, TA,) or a thing, or zn an affair, or an action, i ,whereby he desired to nvolve involve him in confusion. (ISd, V, TA.) .qjjl ajy and t t,.j;j, mentioned, but not explained, y Lb, are thought by ISd to signify 4 , [ app. by meaning I[e fell short of that estimation which due to, his knomledge]. (TA.) vas required by, or rvas next a'. teU t5jjl: 3 see 1. 5: see1. ace 1. 8. 1: and see also 4, in two places. alcjl: see

sec 4. 10: see J51 applied to a skin for water or milk (:tL) L5j, [gf [Of middlinq size;] between small and large. (18d, (ISd, V.) V.) say i ; 1t Dlaming,finding 71j fault with, or 9 Ll j, reproving, a man; or being angry with him, with reproviwj, the anger that procecdtfron a friend; and being tite di.#plea~d with him: thus in a verso of Mejnoon di,q)l~d cited voce .lJ.l: (, TA:) making no account qf a man, and disapproving his conduct. (AA, Mqb, TA.) Msb, TA.) '1jj4 .'j. A man who blames, or find .fault milth, peopli [app. much, or habitually]. (IK,a TA.) people ,A;..* -I.~ Contemning, or despising; as also ;.).

.;Pj (TA.)

A setter-up of what are termed Jt3jj.

';)j [Arsenic;] a Cell-known kind of stone [or nineral, for it is a metal]; of which there are several species; one species is vwhite [i.e. white arsenic]; and another is red [i. e. realgar, or red arsenic, also called tandarac]; and another is yellow [i.e. orpinment, or yellow arenic]: (], TA:) it is an arabicized word from the Pers.

3 or

or r

or s;j]. (Msb.)

LSJ3 [tough I should )jl. i. e. .z ;,), : I,) or :W' Ai; buy on credit, for more thian the currett lprice, 1. 4is, j, (, Msb,, the traveling-provisioeand the camel to be riddlen]: (TA :) but the former explanation is the more (Mgh, TA,) aor. tS, (Msb, TA,) inf. n. Ll3j, ($, Mglh, Mb, K, TA,) with kesr, (Msb, TA,) likely. (Mgh.) but by some written with fet-b, (TA, [.ljj, thus aiiJ inf. n. of FJ,Jj. (TI~. [See Q. 1, above.]) in the CJ and in one of my copies of the $, and ;) i.e. in my MS. copy of the J,]) and ;3jJ (M4b, VI) Also i. q. A';e; (IAIr, JK, Mgh, The buying of a thing from a man on eredit,for and .jj (Msb [perhaps a mistranscription for more than its [current] price: (JK, FAi&:) or what next follows]) and ;4Lt and 1;;. and ij, the doing thus, and then selling it to him, or to with damm, (18,) but accord. to the copies of the another,for leu than the price for which it was lf;ji, ($, T and M tijj; (TA;) and *t purchased. (TA.) - And Increase, excess, or tVqjIl, but this is of rare Myb, g,) and cl addition; syn. L '. (..) [For ~;j in this and lJ;lj; (Mb ;) He blamed, occurrence, (s,) and t* the following senses, Freytag, in his Lex., has foundfault with, or reproved, (Lth, AZ, 8, Mgh, written jj.] - And Debt. (IS, TA. [In the Msb, lg,) him, ($, Msb, V,) or his deed; (Mgh, CV, 'o.~1 is erroneously put for X.t.Jl: and it TA;) or was angry with him, wvith the angerthat is there added, "as though arabicized from a; proceedsfrom afriend: ($, TA:) and reproached Il :" but what this should be I know hitm, upbraided him, or blamed him angrily or i.e. . .. .l; not, uniess it be a ulistranscription for . severely: (Lth, TA:) and he moched, scoffid, or for, in Pers., ;j means "gold," and * is a nega- laughed, at him; derided him; or ridiculed him. tive.]) m Also Perfect, or consummate, beauty. (Msb.) - See also 4, last sentence but one. (K.) Ield it (i.e. a thing, .qjjl,inf. n. :WI, He 4. , , as some pronounce it, is by others pro- S, Mqb, or a case, or an affair, g) in little, or nounced .jgjj, which is of a strange form, [said light, or mean, estimation, or in contempt; (5, to be] of the measureoj , (IJ, TA,) mentioned 1 Mgh, Msb, 1 ;) as also ' ;ll;jl. (Mgh.) And

and in some copies of the t~fj.. (1, and And [hence,] The lion. (s.) And
~_-:.:

see the next preceding paragraph.

AW

mjj and .

: see art. Aj.

R. Q. 1. ajp" signifies The moving, agitating, shaking, or putting into a state of numtion or commotion, motion, (Lth, $, 1,) a thing, (a,) or a tree, (Lth, ],) and the like, (j,) by the wind: (Lth, or any vehenent moving or agitating or shaking; or putting into a state of wehement nmotion or commotion. (i.) I moved it, You say, ;j; agitated it, shook it, &c. ($.) And p.l ~Ajj ,,, inf n. i;,j, The wind moved, or agitatedl, i£nf '.ll, which or shook, &c., the tree; as also t1 'j, or may be a dial. var. of the former, or the verb in this case mav be made trans. by means of the . (TA.) because it has the meaning of 1 ',;;. pj, inf. n. as above, meaning You say also, ajsj,

s:)

1230
lie moved it, agitated it, shooh it, &c., rvehd nently, dcsiling to pull it out or up or off, an to remove it. (TA.)._[And hence,] j.ql ;sIs j t I drocV the camels roughly, or violently; urge d
tIeCm on. (TA.)

ti - CJ

[Booe I.

filled everything: said of rain. (TA.) And h e La. and 'ij & A part, or portion, that i gisen, ilkd a vessel. (K, TA.) - [Hence,] f Jl e, i, of property, cr wealth; (S, X;*) as also ?F&j: (]g, TA,) aor. and inft n. as above, is a tropici al ((K:) or a full, or an ample, or ab#ndant, porphrase, meaningr : (TA :) tlion, that is given, thereof; atld so &.j. (TA.) or % l -..i ¢ j u W: (K,I TA:) [neither, )f which explanations necds translation:] but, accorE to soine, this is said ouilv of one that is large, bulky. (TA.) _ L,;EJI c.j IIe took u"p anad carried the wvater-slin, it being full: (KI, TA: he carl-ied it filled; as also l1 lj: (TA:) and hot tI signily he carried it in his bosom: (TA in ar t. [See 1, last sentence but one.] ..,saj: sce what next follows, in two places. impeling another; (A, TA;) as also

In. Q.

2. tjoj It became moved, agitateo 1,

0hahke, or1put into a state of motion or commam r.

lion: (?, K :) [or it became moved, ayitattlt, tshaken, &c., vehemanently:] quasi-pass. of r;sc* eJ1. (TA.) [And hence,] .J1.1 c ; Te carels rrent rouqhly, or violently, beiny Jo driven, or ugycel on. (TA.)

t,.j A torrent drivring along, one portion of it
t

[but

,.j: [see also 8:]) the former also signifies h wvas impelled onwards (e'J;) by it, caryying il

j;j and t ,sLj;j and t jt, (M,i,) the by rea.son of its weight. (TA in the prescut art. Inst with Ibamm, (Q, TA,) but written by J witlhi j, isa said of a camel, (g, TA,) i. q fet-tb, (TA,) [and so I find it in one copy of th (A,) and kl I. (A, J,) A [app. meaning lIe went right on, atraigIA Ly.I o, S, but in another copy with d!amn,] and t 4 c eoi:t on, or undeviatingly, s eear, with (A,) his load]: (TA:) or and spears, (A,,) so called in re($g1h, 6,) A wind that agitates things, shake also ^# he went along wvith his loa, , ltion to a certain man named Zd'ib hjl, lsj teron, or tets thecm into a state of motion or com oppressed by its treigjht: or he was impelled on (A, K,) of .1l-Khallzrnj, who made rscar-hecads: motion: (e, 1, TA:) and t jcj [signifie: wards (eaW) by it: (K, TA:) or 4h e(A:) so says Ibr: (TA:) or t the spears thus the same; or] a riolent nwind. (lJ.) [Am wtent along quickly tvith it: or he treni along eaailj Y termed nrc such s quiver muc]i (t;), mAich hence,] tjcj3 t An agitating, or a jolting n ,hen slhahcn, harc a motion like the torrent pmith it; namely, his load. (TA.)-iSlil - j lpace; (S, [but not there explained, thoughrb tho of ahichl The valley became fiUed, (IS,TA,) so that th, terrmednt r, one portion i'npels aiother: rncaiiing, is tliere implioed,] Sghi, 16;) a vehemen several parts, or portions, of the torrent impeller1 the U being that of the rel. n.; to give intensive7*ace. (L.) 3 -. one another. (TA.) - Ai L5 ej lie vomitee ness h to the si,nification, as in gp.;: (A:) or acj 1 j [see R. Q. 1]. - jtIj [which is its pl,. much,6~~ so~ that one portion [of the romit] impele. adsuch that, wirhen they are srhaen, their ~~~~~~~a rl wheni it is used as a siniplo suhi)st.] significs t The on another. (TA.) iI . i.q. ; [i. e. wots, orjoit.s, or their ilnternodul portions,] calamities, or adversities, of fortune; (g, TA;, )IA [The water-skin propelled its water: or thc are as tioughl they ran one into another, (m, i'rA,) by reasor of its pliancy: so says As: and like J9j. (TA.) One sanys, #.L& ;.iif c - right reading is probably 1.5C J i. e., poureti this meaning is tropical; for it is from the phrase titjl t HIow art thoiu in them calamities, or forth its water; or poured it forth with reole. -JP meaning "lie veCllt along [imadversities? so in the L and the Moheel and tie mence]. (TA.) - ".,&j also signifies iic cut off, ; ordivided off; and so tj (.(g,TA.)You pellced by his load, or] easily witlh his load:" A. (TA.) ¢ c: JQJI >. -i say, and a l as also , accord. to anothier explanation, c.lj all)lied to a ttc;;: seo t^. t spear means such that, when it is sitahaken the whole He cut off, or divided tff, for him [a portion] oJ of it is [in appearanec] impelled in its several the property, or tealth. (TA.) And LI s jj._ &ec Also [Vehement motion, JQlI k Fa., and a.&g, (,, l6,) and Iej, (1,) parts bIy the intpetus of one part acting upon agitation, or shaking;] a mublt. from j.3 as another, as thoulh its hind part ran into itsfore signifying "he moved it," &c., "velhemently :" I gave to him a part, or portion, of the property, Iart: (TA:) or Atlj signifies spears, (S,TA,) and metapiorically used by Ed-Dalin in allusion or wealtlh: (S, IC:) or a full, or an amnple, or universally. (TA.) You say also abundant, portion thereof. (TA.) s Ck , 1 to lae,w5. (TA.) aor. and inf. n. as above, He drank all the wine, (t, TA) A pear-hlead of Zdaib. (TA.) Ajcj see tjse or beverage. (TA.) j: sec .1i; and see also art. " ;j. as!j5j i. q. . [Vehemence; strength; &c.]. 5. - - j; He was brisl, lirely, or sprightly; (I11.)_,I troop, or force, of mrany horsemen, (, TA;) and quick. (TA.) - lIe was, or bc(I, TA,) in a state of motion or comn otion. (TA.) capme, angered, or enraged. (i .)~~ 1 lIe twas immoderate in his eating 1. see 4. sj: Also i.q. ji [lIe drove and his drinking; he ate and drank much. (K.) away, &tc.]. (K.) =And [i.q. s&j, mcaning] jQtI ,.p The people, or party, divided lle called, called out, cried out, or shoutedi (1g.) ,yj%p i. q. 1U [A kind of sweet food: see the
-as

app. in an intensive sense; and V lp, also, has tihe same, or a simil6r, meaning]: or the first and r second signify a torrent fillin the valley: andl thle first is also applied to nrin, as meaning jfilling everything. (TA.)_Also l guride of the way, one nho is afrequent traveller. (S, g.)

'

4. shjl lIe disquieted, disturbed, agitatged, or flurried, him; (IDrd, S, l;) and removed him 8. ;i: v3 I carried the thing; took it from his place: (g, A, Msb, k:) and r up and carried it; or catried it off or away; signifies the same. (IDrd, .) 1. ja e.rj, [aor. ,] inf n. . j, I pushed, You say, sr YjI ~~~~~... - #..... A,. 4 'i [He passedby [ie. ks, (M8bi,) or aeirL i· (A,) and oi thr,sst, droVe arvay, or repelled, him, or it, from syn. 4_: you say, ';jU me. (S, TA.) - [Hence,] 4.oj said of a torrent, it and carried it off or away]. (S.) [See also 6.3,,X (L,) I removed him, or unsettled him, - See also 1, in three places. aor. anod inf. . above, it ws impeld in its from his place, and from his country. (A, L, several parts, or portions, by the imptus of one Q. Q. 4. J; see 1, second sentence; and Msb.) And it is said in a trad., Ac: s al part, or portion, acting upon another; in a see alo art. 4 meaning Isaw Omar trousing valley: (, TA:) [it Aboo-Behr, oas, or became, copious, and drove alontg, one portion impelling anolitler; like Muchm s, copiousnes, abu1atlance, or a and not su.ering him to remain still. (TA.) large quantity or number. (TA.) And in another, Si.ll., hpl t*,wIj:] it ran. (TA.) If you say o i, e w with tihe unpointed j, (8, TA,) or thus and also meaning, accord. to Az, [Swearing] loweri in '.' 0 see what next followrs. estimation [the commodity that one desires to or. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) you mean recommend thereby and does awavy mith the It'illed tle valley. (. , TA.) And the latter, It

latter wordl]. (IAgr,]}.)

among themseves the property, or wealth; (1 ;) dirided it into parts, or portions. (TA.)

44j

}

BooK I.] blessing thereof]: or, accord. to IAth, causes it to be easy of sale and to go forth from the hand of its onwner [but does away nwith the blessing thereof]. (TA.) tlj;i [is the inf. n.; and as inf. n. of the pass. verb,] signifies [The being disquieted, &c.; and hence,] thile quittig of home. (.Har p. 392.) 7. -j-l lIs was, or became, disquieted, disturbed, agitated, or lurried; (S,, ;) and ras, or became, remored, or unsettled, from his place: ($, A, L, Mgbh, ] :) it may be thus used as quasipass. of C.jl: (Kh, Mb :) or it should not be so used: (MTSb:) it is, however, agreeable with analogy, as is also #.Cjl: (L:) but the word commonly used in its stead is : (L, Mlsb:) in this sense is not allowable. (L.) 8. .ojt: see what next precedes. .j

1231

5tic3, ($, A, M.b, K,) [respecting the form of cloth, with OjL j [or saffron]. ($, A, M9 b, I.)
whichi see 3lt,] and jsjt, ($, A, K,) the latte; r ';LjJ A certain dye and perfume, (TA,) a vulgar form, ($,) and tse, (A,) t Illnature wrell-known; (MSb), .1;) [namely, sa.ffron:] if it exces.aive perversenss or crossnesx: (S, Tfsb, K:' be in a ) hoeise or chamber, the [lizard called] .L., nouns having no corresponding verb: (S:) or tin .,. l will not enter it: (K:) pi. .Mj. (9, .) verb is jsj, but it is seldom used. (TA.) _-Also tTlhe *rust of iron: pl. as above. (]g.) e
.

aj ? A man having little vealth. (., TA.)

thin plumage: (A:) fem. .1i : (A, Msb:) and and tj;p. (TA.) - t A lion of the hair and plumage that is scanty andl ltin; as nlsc ,e' colour termed cl ; [or red inclining to yellow]: Ij (K1.)_-I A place havring fern plants, or (, K:) because its [natural] colour is such: or t little hIerbage; (S, A, ] ;) as also s: (]K, TA

Msb,) and thin: and a bird having scanty anm Olpij [or saffron]. (A, MRh.) - [TlChe i,d of sweet food caUed] i1U, (K, TA,) and also called

,%jl A man (S) haring scanty hair, (S, A

A~j. A garment, or piece of cloth, dyed with

in the CK, sj :) pl. [of the former]sj. (TA.)

because having upon him marks of blood. (TA)

1. jrj, aor. , (,) Disquietude, disturbance, or agitation: inf. n. jsj, (TA,) lie 1. A&j,(S, K,) aor. , (K,) inf. n- icj, (S) called out, or cried out. (Q, TA.) You msr, (i, TA:) a subst. [not an inf. n.] in thlis sense. lie, or it, hilled him on the spot; (S,R;) as ds C .1j, inf. n. as above, 1 called out, or cried (TA.) also ;jt, and tAj,l; (K;) the last menout, to him: ([:) of the dial. of Syria. (TA.)(TA:) or '.C> An ,unq,iet woman, urho remains not tioned by As, as syn. with aa: cast, or slot, at him, or smote him, so that he And I,j. S,3, (g,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) He still, or settled, in one place. (S, A, l.) diedl on the spot, quickly: (L, TA:) and hilled drovr away his beasts: (] :) or he called out, or cried out, to his beasts, and drove them away hirn quickly. ($.)See also 4. ~ ,i J iqnichly. (TA.)_ And ij, (g,) and t J;j, j Ile added, or ezaggerated, or he litd, in his dis(TA, as from the K,) aor. as above, (C,) and so 1. j, A, M.h, 1g,) aor. , (MSb, K,) course, or narration. (Mj, L.) the inf. n. in both cases, (TA,) Ie fr.ightened 4: see above. inf. n. .j, --lie 4e jl (S, A, Ma.b, ],) His hair, (S, A, despatched hitn; as also t* ijl: and 't;V,j They.frightened hiti; or hastened and completed ebis Msh,) and his plumage, (A,) iwas, or became, slaughter; him: ( :) or they.frightened him so that he becantyl, (9, A, Meb,) and thin; (A;) as also (EI-Kharzenjee, 9;) as also aor. and came brisk, lively, or slrrightly: (TA:) or you nIj, V;ttjl: (A:) and it (hair, and plumage, g1, and inf. n. as above. (TA.) say, sj J. JJl . Lxjl [Fear affected fur, TA) *ias, or became, scanty, and thin; (1, him so that he became brisk, lively, or splrightl., 8. cA&jl [originally At1]: see L TA;) as also ft,jl and t;jl. (K.) Also, yet feapf,l]: accord. to As. one says t ;jr1, inf. n. as above, aidlof a man, t IIsi good things, [ 1-3 applied to poison, like oiljt (K, 1) and and the epithet alpplied to the olject is P j#, or wrealth, or his beneficence, became scanty, or Jlii [meaning Quick in its effect]; and in like differing from rule; hut accord. to EI-Uniawee, nanting; he became poor; or he became niggnrdly. manner applied to death: (S:) and hi; , np- one says "i.j, and the epithet so applied is (TA.) - Anl, inf. n. as above, t It (the disj,4'. plied to death, and to a sword, that will not uffer position) became eril, or bad: but the verb is (f. ,,il ethe esi (/ iarind one to linger; killing on the spot; (A;) as napplied seldom used in this sense. (TA.) See e;sj. to a sword, thus expl. by At; as applied to death, raisedt the dust: or made it to go to andfro: syn. expl. by Skr as meaning quick. (TA.) ,4)I,(s,) or jI. (i B.) - r,ail 9: see above. . uAj 7'he scorl)ion stung hi,n. (L,K.)__.i i ij, (.,) 11: see 1, in two places cit [a pl. of which the sing. is not men- aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) Hie plut ,,u,A tioned,] Places of destrucion. (IA·r, Ig.) salt into the cooking-pot; as also 9 j0inf. n. of [q. v.]. -. See also;jj. tsjl. (O.) orj it [hWater uhich the cart;h imbibes a.j, aor.:, (.g,) inf. n. ,.j; (TA;) and j: see ;jl, in two places: and see also the from sand above it, and whIich, when it reaches LsXj, like ; and V .~j3l: Hefeared byl night: paragraphl lire fllowingr. #chatis hard, is arrested thereby,] such as is not (1:) but in the T, the restriction to the night is .j.sj t A man of bad disposition, or illnotured: sreet. (Ibn-'Abbad, Jj.) not added; nor is it in the instance of the last of (S, :) the vulgar savy ?j. (S. [jijl 1 'j Ap.: see lsj. ic is also the name of these verbs in the 0. (TA.) -_ And jj, aor. :, occurs in tie TA in art. iiJ.]) A rcell-nonv,t a certain sword, (, TA;) belonging to 'Abdfruit; ($;) the .fuit qf a well-knonwn tree; (K;) Allah Ibn-Sebreh, one of the braves of El-Islhm; ($, ], TA,) inf. n. ~j; ($, TA ;) and ~.j; (l; thefruit qf a tree, of n:hich there is a red species thBu accord. to Az: (TA:) or this is vitl j; [but only the former accord. to the TA, as in the and a yellonw, having a round and hard stone; (6Ih, e;) and is tbus found in the handwriting $;]) lie was, or becante, brisk, lively, or sprightli/, (S, K,) but with fear; ( ;) as also t;cj;I. ($. (Mgh ;) afruit of the desert, in make resembling of Mohammad Ibn-EI-'Abbds El-Yezeedee, with the 14 [orfruit of the lote-tree], and in the taste a dot beneath the , to show that it is notj. (Sgh, [This meaning of the last verb is indicated, but not expressed, in the v.]) -, (I,) inf. n. of which is acidity; (MSb;) it may be the wild TA.) 3 ILlj (Tg) [and 1 sj], It (water) was, or js : (Mhb, voce ; :) AA says that the 'L is 1 %-_---. 7-.djy --_# --- be_~ ts'jJIl The serpent; (1Y;) as also .3.6Lj. came, came, bitter, (k, TA,) so that it could not be the jgj; and IDrd, that the Arabs do not know drunh [by reaon of its bitterness, or saltlness, or drunit (TA.) [Accord. to Freytag, ;,jlJ &i4tcj occurs it: [it is a coll. gen. n.:] the n. un. is with ;: biiidrnew and saltness, or burning saltness, or (TA:) [the name is now applied to the medlar, in the Deew&n el-Hudhaleeyecn as meaning The bitterness -initense bitterness or saltens: see serpent: or the lion.] (g.) or a species thercof: accord. to Golius, the "mesnllum; special. quod genus aronium vocat Dios. [See also art. %.t), passim.] 4: see above, in five places. 4~.JI 19ajl i. 109:"] accord. to I8b, the tree called ,J*: [app. for.JI Ls]/ T/ey made haste [in the jout. (T:) this, savs Qgh, is different from what J J1hj ney, or rate of going]. (Ibn-'Abbad, ].)~.sjl has mentioned. (TA.) Q. 1. fj He dyed a garment, or piece of also signifies lIe produced, or fetched out, by Bk. I. 155

(e,

.. ,

,--

,

,..

Jt.j].

1232

12j -. Aj

[Boox i.

labour [in dig~iny], water such as is termed jt';j. rnain falling in large drops. (., TA.) -=-ot '.i;1l [Thle Ilanafees saidZ or asserted, or have (TA.) And IUjl They, in digging, came upon 3j3. Food having much salt put in it; (S, K ;) aird or asserted,]and ,~j [Seebaweyl said water such as is termed j35j. (JS.) as also jtlsj. (TA.) And i,s,. ju A cook- or asserted, or has said or asserted]; (Mqb;) 7: see 1, latter part, in two places. i_..'jJ Il ing-pot in which much salt has been put. (TA.) [and I4S Jl .. j IIe said, or asserted, that it was thus;] either truly or falsely: (g:) mostly ~.l~,jJI The beasts hastened, or went quickly. used in relation to a thing respecting which there (Ibn-'AbbUd, KI.) - And .JAl sjjil Tlhe horse is doubt, (Sh, Az, MIsb, K,) and which is not went for.ward, or before. (Ibn-'Abb&d, .K.) 1. cj~, ($, K,) aor.:, (K,) inf. n. J;; (S, certainly kniown: (Sli, Az, M.sh :) or it is mostly Scj Fearing, orfearing by night. (,* TA.) TA;) and tj;0j; (];) lie was, or became, used in rclation to that whicil is false, or that -risk, lively, or sprightly, (K, 1,) but with brisk, lively, sprightly, active, agile, prompt, and rcspecting which there is doubt, or suspicion: fear. (f.) [See also .;.] s. j 3j Ve- quick; (S, K, TA ;) and he exulted, or exulted (El-Marzookee, Msb:) or, as those skilled in the greatly, or excessively, and behaved insolently and langunge of the Arabs say, in relation to a thing hement terror. (TA.) - ai,j :A A well of unthankfully, or ungratefully. (TA.) - And of which the speaker doubts, and does not know rwhich the ntater is such as is te;.med LJLj. (TA.) the former, (1g,) inf: n. as above, (TA,) lie (a whletlher it may not be fiAlse: (Lth:) or l4j *,j horse) curvetted, pranced, leaped, sprang, or means ie related a piece of information not know[IiBj inf. n. un. of j.j; A call, or cry: pl. bounded, without his rider. (IS.) - And lie i,g rwhethert it were trie or.falise. (l ioot, M9b.) :._,l&j.] writhed, or cried out and writhed, by reason of lienee the saying, .ej3l1 .. [i.e. . is ij A disposition to takeftight and run away hunger. (TA.) - [In the modern language, lie the coareyer, or ve/ icle, (properly the camel, or I at random. (IF, O, K.). And hence, (IF, O,) was, or became, nrearJ: one says, d;. Cj beast, that serves as the conveyer,) of yiilg]. (Msb.) as an epithet applied to a mountain-goat, Wont was, or became, nweary of it.] It is said in a trnd., l,j j.,l . l.; ;4 [t Vcry to takefright and run away at random. (IF, O, 4. , jl [in the CK erroneously written 4,lcj] l~.) Also Salt water: (9:) or re.y salt water; i.e., cIj]: It (pasture, and fatness, TA) rendered him [i.e. evil, or bad, is the man's conveyer like J01.: (TA in art. j,V :) or water that is a beast] brihsk, lively, sprightly, active, agile, when a man desires to journey to a country, or bitter, (ji.A, , Lth Lit, 0, , both of which epi- prompt, and quick. (S, I, TA.)- And'a.Ljl town, Ihe mounts his camel, or beast, that werves to convey him, and journeys until he accomthets, applied to water, signify the same, TA in l. , l.. He, or it, remored him, or unsettled plishes the object of his want: therefore, that art. JkU,) so that it cannot be drunk (Lth, O, O) idm,frorn his place. (Ibn-'Abbdl, i.) with which the slpecaker prefaces his speechi, and by reason of its bitternes, or saltnes, or bitternesu hy means of which he attains the object of his 5: see 1. and sltness, or burning saltnes, or intense bitterdesire, when hlie says ljij C1j I,_&j, is likened nes or saltnes: (Lth, O :) used alike as sing. and .a3 Brisk, lively, sprightly, active, agile, to the camel, or beast, by means of which he pl. (TA.) - One sys also, IIj "i, meaning prompt, and quick; (S, TA;) as also 90hjl: attains the object of want: for l.&j is [generally] 1 ate it with so nuch salt in it that it was bitter. (]g:) the former is applied in this sense to a said only in the case of a narration that has no (Lth, O.) See also M,,. horse; and t the latter, as well as the former, authority whereon to rest, and that contains no to an ass, [i. e. a wild ass,] as meaning brisk, Iroof. (TA.) IKh says that .jJI is used in rela~j: see j,3s*. lively, &c., and curvetting, prancing, leaping, tion to that which is discommended; and that its 01J One who dries away tae beasts, and springing,or boutnding: and the former signifies primary signification is said by some of the exalso eculting, or exulting greatly, or excessively, positQrs of the Kur-.in to be The act of lying: cries out after them. (TA.) (See also lj.] _ and behaving insolently and unthankfully, or un- (TA: [this signification is also given in the 1], Applied to a horse, A good goer; or strong to applied by Tarafeh to male as being contr. to the first:]) some say that it is walk, or go: (Ibn-'Abbad,1:) and also (Ibn- gatefully: pl. J, ostriches. (TA.) - Also Writhing, or crtJing out metonymically used in this sense: (MIsb:) and 'Abb6d) very quick. (Ibn-'Abb6id, ]i.) and writhing, by reason of hunger. (S, I4.) it is expl. as hs.vingr this meaning in the lur aJaaj The young of th , (Lth, , TA,) at l,j IjW, j3ji Light, or active, (Kr, .,) in spirit and [vi. 137], where it is said, .,s, which means the ja_ [or partridge], and in body: (TA in art. JAj:) accord. to Kr and i. e. [Andl they hare said, "Tlis helongeth unto [sometimes] the Cil;jb [or stone-curlewm]: pl. Ibn-'Abbad, with and with t: in the "Mu- God,"] nwith thei,' lying. (Lth, TA.) _- [Somesignifies lIe described himn, or it. times] .j 3-j. (TA.) qannaf" of A'Obeyd, with t only. (TA.) (Har p. 204.) _ And sometimes ._,j signifies lj One who calls out, or Crie out, to his · '2J9 Writhing, or cying oeut and writhing, lie promised: whence the saying of 'Amnr Ibn. (TA.)_.[In Sha-s, beasts, and drives thbn away quickly: or who having no rest; as also 9J4,. drives them, and ctries out to them eleumently. the modern language, IVeary: (see 1, last sentence:) and having its fernm. with L.] (TA.) [See also J3j.]

4.

_L*&j.L

>LW

, ,l

j6.L

L". Quick: so in the phrase j. j. [a Jecj: see tj, in two places. quick pace orjournemjing]. (Ibn-'Abbid, :.) And tJ')Z.: see X )*j. one ays also, t1 " 4 .4.;' j ;, (Ibn'Abb&d,],) i.e. [He drew the bow] quickly. (TA.) - It signifies also ;C,*, t 'C ,* 1. .&j, (9, M9b,) aor. ;, (Msb, M$, JM, [not [app. meaning An implmn~t ith which the mentioned in the ~ nor in the 4, app. because lands, orJflds, are broken up]. (Ibn.'Abbad, 1.) well known,]) in£ n.' and . and ,. (0 , ,. Frightened; as also 2j.;: (.:) [or Mfb, ],) the first of tue dial. of El-lIijaz, (Msb, frightened so as to be rendred briask, lively, or TA,) the second of the dial. of [the tribe of] Asad, sprightly, with fear:] ee 1, in two places. [See (Mqb,) or Benoo-Temeem, (TA,) and the third also j.J.] Applied to a colt, Frightemed, and of the dial. of some of [the tribe of] .eys; (Mb ;) sharp in spirit: ( :) or, applied to a man, sharp [generally best rendered He arerted; for it mostly in spirit: and, applied to a colt, wefed. (TA.) relates to a thing not certainly known: or] he ,...aJ l.jLand rained upon by eAement 3aid; (, Mqb, ;) s in the phrases .J

[Thou sayest, or sle saays, " We periwh if tho& perish :" bst verily upon God lie the means oj subsistente of mankind, i.e. it lies upon Him tc supply these, as ]Ie has promised]. (TA.).,JI1 is used also in the sense of .~1l: (M,b, TA:) one says, 1. .sJ ; [In my opinion it is thus]. (Msb.) [Hence, likewise,] j (TA,) Thou thoughtest (_, IS, (1,) aor. me to be thus. (K, TA.) Aboo-Dhu-eyb says,

*
.* 1 C.' -

*

*;~-:

[And if thou think me such that I tmad to be ignorant, or to act ignorantly, among you, know

BooK I.]
that I have punrehaed intelligene since I was with thee (.)~ being for 44 kS.o ,~) in exchange for ignorance]. (TA. [The meaning of U;b:~j3 is there indicated by the context.]) - It whence the is also used in the sense of ,Ui;.l: JUiJI *j; IyS ;. saying isn the !ur [Ixiv. 7], X1 -- : 1 ; j [They who have disbelieed our revelations have believed, or firmly believed, that they shall not be raised from thl dead]. (M )b.) Sometimes, also, .j is used in the sense of ,j: as in the saying of En-Nabighah,

12~3 i b , j [i He made JILsj.]J ) They said also, i gL;3 thing;] i. a td.a (M,b, TA.) one to covet, or eagerly desire. (S, J.) You say, It is a true assertion: I will ausredly come to thee]; using the nom. caue: though they aid, dg,jl. ($.) [And !:t.JI . a.ajt I made him Lk. ([i.e. I swear "a true oath: to covet, or eagerly desire, the thing; like as you XC . 0ii I will assuredly do" such a thing]; using the say, 4 a;l. See .j.3] He obeyed (, accus. case. (K, TA.) And one says, t1blJ TA) the o,j [i e. chief, lord, or prince]. (TA.) J*c~jl, meaning They two talked of, or related, - It (an affair) was, or became, possible. (]R.) other, [mere assertions, or] stories in each to the It (milk) began to become good, or pleasant; which no confidence was to be placed. (Z, TA.) [or fit to be drunk;] as also t.j, (],) inf. n. I,c. (TA.) .. jl said of a young she-camel, (with damm, TA) Mendacious: and aj. or of one full-grown, She was thought to have veracious: (QC:) thus bearing two contr. signifat in her hump. (IKh, TA. [The TA states it fications. (TA.) to have been asserted by IKh that the verb is ~.J: Msee the next paragraph. only used in this sense, or (for the passage is ambiguous) in this sense and the first mentioned .. 0j, a fem. epithet, (f, ], hc.,) applied to a above.]) - Also, (K,) or V-; j, (TA, [but thia she-camel, and to a sheep or goat, Of which one I think to be probably a mistranscription,l) said of doubts whether there be in her fat or not, (g, 15,) ) It put forth the first and which is therefore fdt with the handt, in the earth, or land, (IP;1l, order that one may know if she be fat or lean: of its plants, or herbage. (IAyr, K, TA.) ( :) or a sheep or goat of which one knows not [q. v.]: (S, 1:) [it seems whether there be in her fat or not: (AV, TA:) 5 _, i.q. i. here to mean He spokhefalely; and to be trans.; or, as somemay, of which men assert that there for] a poet says, is in Aer marrow. (TA.) And, as a fem. epithet, - -J· G -s 4t * Having little fat: and having much fat: thus [app. bearing two contr. senses: as also .. [app. meaning 0 thou asserterof that lwhich thou also ) and tcp both senses: (M, in hast spoken falely]. (TA. [This hemistich is signifies having little fat; of which people, when there cited as an ex. of .j3 as expl. in the ]; they eat of her, suy to her owner, " Didst thou and I find no other explanation of this verb.]) asfe)t her to be fat?" applied to a shecamel.

Ga

[app. meaning The magnanimous chief bore witness that her mouth was cool]. (TA.) ~ .*j, (S, Myb, ],) aor. ' (, Myb) and ', (Mqb,) inf n. . (, Msb, ]) and Ll'j, (S, R,) or the latter is a simple subet., (Msb,) He was, or became, responsible, answerable, amenable, surety, ;) namely, proor guarantee,for it; (8, Msb, 1K perty. (Mph.) _ And #j, like j), (Msb,) or I.Ie .Aj, like .. b, (TA,) aor. ', inf n. lj, was, or became, chief, lord, master, or prince, ju [over (Myb, TA,) of a people, (TA,) or, a people]; (M.b;) or spokesman of a people. j, (TA.) See also 4, in two places. l aor. , (8, I(,) in. n.#j (S, TA) and j, (TA,) He coveted, or eagerly desired. (S, 1.) [Like its One syn. e.', it is trans. by means of i.]

two competed in discoursing of (TA.)- Also Impotent in speech; ( ;) and so 6. ij Thiey ' a thing, and differed respecting it: accord. to Z, a, says .ApL '[Such a one cowveted a thing not to be it means thwy talked of, or related, i.*j, i.e. _.j Responsible, answerable, amenable, surety, [mere assertions, or] stories in which no concoveted; meaning, a thing of which the attainfidence was to be placed. (TA.) Sh says that or guarantce. (8, Msb, R.) Hence, in the ]ur sent was remnote, or imnprobable: see art. &b]. Ulj [And I am retponsible for [xii. 72],e~j 1 .ljp-1 is mostly used in relation to a thing re(TA.) And 'Antarah says, it]. (TA.) Also The chief, lord, marter, or specting which there is doubt. (TA.)~ One ,,,, ,, ,$ ,9,., .. i, * * prince, of a people; (Msb, R;) or (in the C1. tp. O -jj13 5& t ,- 11 says also, il .lj3, meaning The people, or " and "] their spokesman : (1 :) their chief is thus responsible, one for another: and called because he speaks for them; like as he is party, became * * `' ... ,... ..' j..0, . .. r·· t S 1 hence, lj. il Islj3 they leagued together, called J, and Ji (n p. 705:) 1. . (s,) i.e. I became enamoured of her uninten- and aidedone aotlher, against such a thing. (TA.) (1R.) - Also Described; syn. ,. . (Ijar tionally, [or accidentally,] u,hile I was slaying her p. 204.) .ja [originally an in£ n. of.cj, like c3 and people; eagerly desiring her love: by the life of thy father, I swear, this is not a [fit] occasion ,j~,] is a word used by the vulgar as meaning LWte: see,,j. - Also High, or elevated, rank for eager desire: i. e. I cannot attain to holding [i. e. Pride; and, as often used in the present or condition or state; or nobility. (I4.) And communion of love with thee, [or with her,] any day, pretension: because implying false, or vain, Chiefdorn, lordsip, mastery, or princedom: (IAr, , ]g:) [accord. to the Myb, an in. n. in day, while there is this conflict and hostility be- assertion]. (TA.) this sense:] thus expl. by lAyr as occurring in tween the two tribes: (EM p. 222:) .) u.i _.j and j Responsibility, answerableness, the following verse of Lebeed: (TA:) meaning 4 ,.: (S:) or, [as some relate it,] jJ ' -- s.. .. I amenableness, or turetiship; subets. from .~j: ,, ,, ,, ,.-9.. * 4* (Msb :) or the latter is an int n. (S, 5.) Wi .,!s ." -, (8 and TA in the present art. and in art. ,) j, applied to roasted meat, (15,TA,) Dripping [The portions of inheritance of the sharers fly [eager.ly desiring: by the Lord of the Iouss (i. e. the Kaabeh), ce.]. (TA. [lj is there expressly nwith its gravy; or succulent, and dripping with away, two together and singly; but the chiefdons said to be thus:, but the measure does not require itsjuice or fat; (TA;) having much grease, or is for the boy]: by his saying I.½ 1;L:, he gravy; quickly flowing [tuerewith] over the means that the male's share of inheritanee is like its being so.]) fire. (.) that of two females [(o that he has two portions 3. ,&j, (1,) inf n. 'I, (TA,) i. q. when the female has one]: but other explanaaj [inf. n. of un. of. j; An assertion; &c.: [q. v.]: (/:) the p is a substitute for the tions, those here following, are given of .lltpl (TA.) pl. ;Acj] One says, .L"j yj' 1.i and as used in this verse. (TA. [See also .s ]) 4..,jl He made a person to be such as is ;.l.l j [meaning This I think, and I think not - A weapon, or raapons; syn. ).Y. (;, 1:.) termed .c'j; (Myb, TA,;) as meaning respon- to be true thine assertion and thine assertions]; So, accord. to J, in the verso of Lebeed: for, he sible, ansraerable,amenable, surety, or guarantee. A,31 being understood after ': these words are says, they used, when they divided the inheri(Myb.) You say, jQlt i ;, (M'b,) or ; 1 used as meaning the rejection of what has been tance, to give the weapon, or weapons, to the son, (TA,) I made thee, or have made thee, respon- said by the person to whom they are addressed. exclusively of the daughter. (TA.) - A coet of sible, &c., (Myb, TA,') [for ghe property, or the (1, TA. 4In the Cl, erroneously, [1j and mail: (15:) or coats of mail: and thus it is
,

15;'

124 expl. by IABr as used in the verse of Lebee d. (TA.) - The chiefs share of spoil. (g.) And The best and most of the property of arn inheritance and the like: ( :) and thus, also, it has been expl. as used in the verse of Lebee, . (TA.) Also, and VL.tej, An animal of ti ox-hind; [probably meaning one of thie rwi

,i4J -

Aij

[Boox I.

flows in it, (?, K, TA,) and it begins to produm ce (AHn, TA.) [For another epithet of similar leaves. (V, TA.) - A'Obeyd, in applying to mcaning, see 4, in three places.] - Also t A the truffles termed --; ';t the epithet igj. s,species offig, (AIHn, }(,) laryger than the j [written in art. y in copies of the K t?4 an r, Id [or wild], upon which is S.,j [or donn]: vhen in the T and S and M tV but in the presecnt tri rped of this, it comesfruth black: it is large, art. in the TA it seems to bo indicated that it is thich, and snweet: but it is a ororthles sort of fig. s;,ecies;] syn. ;,t. (g-) (AHn, TA.) - Applied to a horse, Black and probably Va.,] signifyingr Aaring c [i. e. whitce; or wrhite in the hind legs as high as the a.&j : ase the next preceding sentence. downi], assigns to it a vcrb [whicl may be Ž jl thighs; syn. LA (1.) And [in like manner] or t meaning They had, cor naplied to a mountain, Of ichich the nwhitenes is .c A thing, or an affa;ir,-in which no coi nor ffidcnce is to be placed; ($, K ;) this saying, (or produced, a hind of downy substance]. (TA.) interitied with its blackne; as also j. auerting, it to be thus, and this saying, or asscr K, TA. [In some of the copies of the i, t8. Ci1;X liC S.. vjI He took awoay, c r (JK, for JL,, I ,:-C, we find Jt4JI C>*: that the ing, it to be thus: ($:) [pl. $l..] One say= ' sawept away, [or devoured,] the wvhole of tceh -,~ ¢J; !- (, TA) i.e. [In his saying ai was on the table of food: like jl. (TA. former is the right readinla, contr. to tle asser tion of Freytag app. hased on the explanation in things in which no confidence is to be placed; oi r] [See also 8 in art. c;.] the TK, appears from its being added that the no confldence is to be placed in hi. saying. (TA. 9: see 4, in two places. femA.] ,l is the name of a certain mountain in And lj; r..l 1. Thsis ir an affair that i El-Kibleeyeh; (K, TA;) in some copies of the 11: see 1: _and see also 4. not r,igi t; (TA;) [tereinare things] rexpeclin K, El-Kabaleeyeh. (TA.) w.hich there is dispute. (V, TA.) And k As Q Q. 4 . .kJj!: see 1; and see also art. ;jj orj., or lsejI., or fi O.: sec 4. .4o ]Is sail that nhich waa not good, or righ t; j [Downv:] or the yelUon [down resembling orjust; and aserted what was impossible. (Msb. Also A thing that is, or is to be, coveted, c,r amall hair, upon the feathlers of the young bird eangerly desired; syn. o. (8, TA.) See tw (S:) or small and soft hair andfeathers: or Car of these when 'firt coming forth: (A, :) i.e e. QT1. .lp It (a garment or piece of cloth,) exs. near the end of the first paragraph. (TA) the small and soft hair when itfirst appear fm had whAt is termcn j of acrt , c., i. e. mj [or of a young child, (Mab, TA,) and of a colt [o .,j': see its fern., with ;, voct.jaj. foal]; (JK,0 TA;) and likcwi.e of an old man .,., j.a, A thing, or an affair, that ma/ea on e when his lhair becomes thin and ncak; (Msb; Eeye;j, (0 and TA, and so in a copy of the ,) to coret, or des;re eagerly. (TA.) and the feathers when they first appear, (Msb or 4j, or . (as in two different copies of the TA,) of the young bird: (TA:) and smai I K,) and ( and TA, and o accord. to a .. .: asee its fem., with ;, voce.0j. feathers that do not become long nor' good: (JK Msb:) n. un. with I: (TA:) and what remai,i copy of the ,) or . (aceord. to another copy ;.L., A serpent. (s.) upon the head of an old man tv/ten hi. lhair ha, of the K,) of a gtrment, or piece of cloth, i. q. .. , ~No confidlence is to be placed in hion become thin. (Q.) - [Hence,] .. t .l Hjt c J [i. e. Th,e nap: sco>j, in arL A]. (0, K.) or it. (So in the TA. [But I incline to think ittook it at ita commencement, or in its first ana [Hence, app., supposings ,j to bo a dial. var., )r nap]. 0 . .5 a mistranscription for,lJ; . see`4.])` fresh state. (JK, K..) And ; + tS I having the signification expl. above,] ;j;JI iI [lit. He took him by the dowvn of his nech;' ]: j Ie took the thing altogether (0, o, TA,) meaning t he overtook him. (JK.) leaving nothaing of it; as also joie, and th (0, TA.) )jj: see %rtjI, in three places. 1. j, eaor.:, (Nsb, 1~,) inf. n. e3; (Myb ;)

would gror: (TA:) this it does when the sa'p nhen they become lurge, leaving them smooth.

Z,

.j

-l

and t .j, (JK, ;, A, ig,)if n. j;; (.S;) and t,.~jI; (g;) It, or he, was, or became, downity; or had upon it, or hin, what is termed ¥j meaning as expl. below; (JK, ~, I;) in onv of its senses: (TA:) said of a young bird, (J K, 8, A, Mqb,) meaning [as above, or] its .,j [or do,n] grew forth: (A:) or its feathers were sinalli: and, said of a boy, or a young child, hit ,..j [or dornl,y hair] grew forth: (Msb:) and ,.WijI is also said of a young bird [in the same sense as the verbs above: (see art. ,.j :) or] as meaning itsfeather. cameforth. (:.) - [l-Ience,] dj~_ ~ t A aea, or great river, that becomes [.fooaming, or] in a state of commotion, andfull. (JK.) 2: see the preceding paragraph: _ here following. and that

) cj:

see

jl.

Q. 1. e The braying that is reiterated k and ,!j &tbj The amallest of sj [or (L, g) in the fauces, or throat, (L,) or in the down]: (JK, 1:) or something leas in quantity sJy. [meaning chest], (]g,) of the c amel: (L, i :) than -..&j: or something inaaller than j (TA.) an inf xi., of wlieih the verb is >j: you say, One says, a .i C4 (.J K, A, K, TA) i.e. ;ycj (TK.) Hence the s upj of women t [I obtained nol from him, or it,] as nauch as d z31J on the occasions of rejoicings. (TA.) [One says, what is termed 4t1j: (L, TA:) or , the least of a woman, , more commionly in tie prething: (A:) or t anything. (]g.) sent day j meaningf She uttered shrill, &Ltj: see the next preceding paragraiph. quarering, or rapidly-reiterated,sounds, or cries [Downy;] having n7pon it, or him, nhat ofjoy: whicil sounds, or crieh, are termed , l: , is termed j as also t.: fern. of tie and now more commonly Jiepjj.] former 4j; and pl. i . (TA.) You say P l,,jUj: see above. j1[ (A downy young bird]: (A:) and

4o

4jl

4. ",jl, said of a grape-vine, (?, R,) i. e., app., accord. to [J and] F, like.--I, but accord. to otihers of the leading lexicologists it seems to bc [?GjI,] like.*_l; as also arjlt prodtrcedt ,,hat remsnbled .j [or down], at the k/nots .f thc shoots, whence the bunches of grapes

.,j3 [downy young birds]. (s.) And 3a; t$LJ [A downy man]: (JK:) ort4j J4J ,t:JI[a man haring downy hair]. (Msb, TA.) And .Lkj LS, [A downy neck]. (JK, A, M1b.) And Gji M5 (AHn, A, TA) "[A specics of cucumber] havinig upon it u.hat resembles the cj [or dom,a] of fur, which faUs off by degree.

1. .j, aor. , (K,) inf. n. J.j, (TA,) lie, or it, poured it out, or forth, with an impetus, or with force. (K. [See also 4.]) And 1ie, or it, spirted it ftorth; (g;) as also t kUjl. (TA.) You say, .. lApJl t cit .jlI slpirtedforth the wine, or beverage. IJK.) And cop';'.4 jj ' : The leathern wrater-bag pou;red [or spirted] forth

Boox I.] from its slpout. (TA.) And 1Yig
&/ ---

,j -

,j

1235 (O,) Ile cast hinL.elf: ('Eyn, O, K:) or he spread his wiings: ;and so t .4ji [npl)p. in eitlher sense]: (IS:) and the latter, he moved [or flapped] his Zi, (.S ]1,) rvinigs in running. (TA.) - -'..' (TA,) Ti't AnJj aind -,j, aor., (S,) inf. n. (S :) or i,) not violently: along, (S, wind blepw bles, gentli/ nnd co,uinuall, : (TA:) and ;j,;j signifies the same: (.i, TA :) or the latter, isnfi i. ,;j, signifies it blew tiolently: so in the T: or it blen, gently: (TA:) ori aiijj signifies the moajning (is~) of tie wind, and its sounding amotng .-j, (O, t,) illf. Ri. , the trees. (S.) (TA,) said of lightning, It shone, or gleSaned. (O, K, TA.) 4. jl,, if. n. JOjl, itlrans.: sce 1, in thlree fijl: see 1, first sentence. places. m= jil ~jl He made him to lasten, or go quicly; (; , L, 1;) namely, a camel, ($, L,) and na ostrich. (.S.)-_ [And accord. to Frcytag, it occurs itn the iHe led his, Deewan el-Hludhalceycen as meaning to do light, vain, things.] J.jl: see 1, first sentence. - jjl 8. ,Jl J..JI lie carried, took uip and carrnied, or raised upon his back, the load. (Ibni-'Ablbaid, }I.) 10. -. JI l.,, (Ibn-'Albhld, A, O, TA,) thus correctly, but in the copies of the ]~ j.1, (TA,) T7he torrent found it liglt to carty (- il, n took it away. (Ibl;lbn-'Abb%l(A, A, O, , a), 'Abbdd, A, O, TA.) R. Q. 1. jj, [inf. n. ijSj,] said of a man, jj He walted in a comnely manner. (TA.) also signifies The running vehsenently. (Q.) And A certain nmauncr, or rate, of going, of camels, said to be beyoand, or above, what is ternmed 1JI. (TA.)-Said of a bird: seeC, latter parLt. -And :.i;j said of the windl: see, again, 1, latter part. The inf. n. signifies The wind's putting in motion the dry lidrba.)ge, and mithing a sound therein: (1K, TA:) you say, of e;Jhj [The wind put it the dry hlierbage, bjl &c.]. (TA.) -The inf. n. signifies in motion, also The noising, or noise-makingi, of a procession, or cominpany of men riding or walking along. lThe sounding of an arrow (IDrd, li.) -And when it is twirled round upon the nail [of the left (TA.) - It is thumb: see e.,JI j, in art. j]. related in a trad., that the l)rophet said to a t: , (0, 1,,TA, in some copies woman, ''JI with 4amm to the first letter; ,) of the ]g (K;) to which she replied "The fever, may God not bless it;" and he said " Revile not thou tlio fever, for it does away withi the sins of the soins of Adam like as die blacksmith's skin with wiichl be blows his fire does away with the dross of the iron :" (O, TA:) the meaning is, [What aileth thee] that thou art made to tremble, or qualke? (O~O; : 0, ]g, TA: in some copies of the I

cj: little one? (A, TA.)- And An orphan. (IKII, TA.)_ And The young one of the pigeon. (TIA.) see 4--..'*1 J.1j He (a kid, TA) sucked the [Freytag explains it as signifying also " Pulmother: (!N, TA:) [and ji; is a dial. var. thereof:] lus ovis, cameli lactena;" but whether this be j intended to express a single meaning is not clear so says Er-Riy6shec: or, as in the L, ,.JI on the authority of Dmr, as Il, the young lamb or hkid overponered its mother to me: -also, signifying A man liyht in respect of di,nit.y and and sucked her. (TA.) manners: aplp. as being likened to a young child.] lIe poured it out, or 4 1, inf. n. jl;, J.j, applied to [tihe young one of] a camel forth. (TA. [And IUkj app. signifies the same.]) and [of] a sheep or goat, Persistent in suck.j Ajl Ie poured ing. (.K.) 9a ' .';,j One savs, ;43 ; 1 l forth,from the spout of the leathern nater-bag, ~J4 [without i because applied only to a * . Vj, tj the water. (TA.) And .LlML F female,] A woman suchliing her child. (JK, TA.) (,) or ! ;i, (K, [in tho C1 JA`l, i. e. jj!, Ui,Uj A drinhing-vessel that holds a [~i1j from &Uj,]) Pour thou out, for me, somewhat i. e.] gulp, or a mnuch as is swallowed at once (S,!1) [or a gulp or mouthJul] of milk from thy [of wine or beverage]. (MA.) shin, (j,) orfriom thy vessel. (K.) See also 1, in ,:2tjl (8, gA3I1 two ,laces. One says also, t g) and t *-,ZLt.j (V) Tihe sce-camel ejected (.,) , or L.SIlj, 1- .)j, Jj,s (9g,) or her urine (S, 1, TA) in repeated .smallquantities (?Z.j "ULj), and interrupted it. (, TA.) And (Msb,) aor. ',(Msb, ,) il,f. n. Jj (S, Msb, K) AAla i;l -i:jl, like , .j;l [i. e. T1he wound and iUj, (S, K,) or the latter is a simple subst.; (S,) .:ijl, or L.jl made vith a spear or the like emitted blood in, (Msb;) and *tLl, (K,) or Y;.i.jt, (S,) (1,) or and t jl, (Mb ;) .U.II; 1 She -j repeated gushes]. (S, ]K.) -_ all signify the suckled her child. (JK, TA.) And &"I JSjl [or L.1 tLJ,Ijl;] t .7jj lHe (a bird) fed his youung one with his mouth, or same; (S, M.b, K;) i.e. lIe, [or 1,] or the bill: (f, 1 :) [and JjI is a dial. var. thereof.] women, sent [or conducted] the bride [withlfeslive l}1said by 'A]im to Mis'ar, when the latter parade or pageantry, and generally with mu.ac,] was reading, or reciting, to him, and did so in- to her husband: (Mlsb, .K:) accord. to Er-Righlib, correctly, means Thou hast become like the JOlj, r,A I j is a metaphorical phrase, from ijij i.e. young infant: mentioned by Z: (TA:) or he .Alil; because she is conducted with joyous said which is a dial. var. of the former alacrity. (TA.) - Jj, aor. :, inc n. Jj (S, w,l, verb. (TA in art. JA.) 5ijis a simple 1) and -j arnd jij, (g1,) or

a3Wl t

'!;

tj i. q. ,U [meaning Adulterated, or counter- subst., (Mqb,) said of an ostrich, (S, K,) and of a He hastened, or wras quick; feit, coin: so in the present day]. (TA.) [See camel, (S,) &c., (1I,) (, K ;) as also t ,jl: (IAar, 1 :) accord. to Lh, also .] said of a man and of others; and ?JlI, he says, aj .4 moutlful, or the quantity that fills the is the more unusual of the two: (TA:) or jj, mouth; of inilk [&c.]; heard in this sense by Az anor. , is said, in this sense, of a man: and, acfrom an Arabl of the desert; (TA;) a gul I) of cord. to the bMj, said of an ostrlicl, inf. n. Jij, it wmine or beverage [&c.]: pl. Jj [perhaps a mis- means he hastened, or was quich, so that a [sound transcription for J.tj: if not, it is a coll. gen. n.]. such as is termedl]JdJj was heard to be produced (MA.) See 4. -_The quantity that is emitted, by his wings: (Msb:) or ~j and t JSlj are like or poured.fitth, nt once, [nwithout interruption,] jg4s [which signifies the going a gentle pace; of urine, (8, K,) &c. (1].) See, again, 4._ Thc or a pace above that which is ter.med J-JIl, and quantity titat one s)irlts forth from his mouth, of above that ichich is termed j.,Jl]: (1K, TA: [in also signifies wine or beverage. (K.) =;ijtl the CId, Jt/4il is put for ,"jl :]) or the first The ~ 1 [i. e. podex, or anus]. (EI-Hejeree, K.) . j has this running of the o.trich: (g:) or signifies the going quickly meaning: (TA:) or last ~,? [A maker of adulterated, or countesfeit, going or the (Lb, TA:) short steps: and with coin; a manicung indicated in the TA, and obtainquickly, with short steps, and quietly. (TA.) ing in the present day:] an epithet from 'jJI, ;IJI J .j The people, or You say,, used by the vulgar and by persons of distinction. hastened, or mere quick, in their w,alkring, party, (TA.) or mnarching, or going along: asd hence, in the jJZj Light, or actice, (Kr, JK, ,1],) in Kur [xxxvii. D2], &,i; 4,i U,.'($,)i.c. spirit and in body, (IKb, TA,) and quick; an [And they advanced ton'ards him] hastening, or epithet applied to a man: (JK:) mentioned by going quickly. (Fr, TA. [But there are other Kr with t and with t: (TA:) in the "Mu san- readings, for which see B1d.]) [Hence also,] one naf" of A'Obeyd, witl t only. (TA in art. savs sJIj Jj, meanintg Ie wvas, or became, light :j.)_ Also A young inJntt: (JK, S, ] :) pl. of intellect, liglhtnritted, or irresolute. (S, Z, TA. (TA.) One says j1, Little [See also art. Jl ])J,it. j, illf. n. h.~j (O, K) children. (TA.) And .9j J

:] or it is with fet-h to air C J:) [see also ,.i [for efttijzi, the .:, (0, C, TA,) i.e. Cj,i' (O,) meani,ing, that thou tremlest, fiom ,.J;j,Aj;], is thy and _.j, (1i,) said of a bird, (O, 1~,) in his flidght, or quaket ? (0,1 :) or it is with kesr tu the [latter]j, /onHow

1230 [,~3.j3,] meaning, that thou moanet, as does he Jlj*, and with 3: see the next preceding who is sick: (TA:) or, u some relate it, it is paragraph, in five places. with j [in the place of the j, i. e. 'e,3, having JAj3 pl. of Jij._ It is also used by a the second of the meanings expl. above in this Hudhalee poet [app. referring to birds] as meansentence, or nearly so]. (YC.) ing LJth 3;Sl [i. e., supposing JlUj to be pl. of R. Q. 1. ,ij'ij: see the next preceding para-J, agreeably with ann.ogy, Haring.small,downy, graph, last sentence.

[BooK I.

(S.)

And it is said in a trad., Zj.jI C

0.

[He forbade the use of that skin, or vessel, which

it smeared with z"j, for the beverage called
Jo']. (TA.)

3J
1. fij, aor.
,,

feathers]. (TA.)

(, 1;,) inf. n.j;

(., A, ]:) and

Small feathers of the ostrich, ( I,) and a, [JJ act. part. n. of .jr in the phrase o? (9, in the I " or ") of a bird (9, YI) of any kind: fem. with 5: pl. of the latter ,..j. (I:) or smallfeathers, like down, beneath the ,,.j.l: thicksetfeathers: (IDrd, O, TA:) accord. to some, Hence,] 4l,ilj; 3 a.j, a phrase mentioned by Lh, only of the ostrich: (0, TA:) [pl., app., J3j: meaning L,.j JllI [i. e. The nomen wvho ee JAj.] One says _-1J1 Ji X i I [More conducted her to herhuband walked along gently] sof tlhan the smallfeatiero of the ostrice]. (TA.) (TA.) A.s MUJA time; one time; syn. j.: (1,:) one .j! A male ostrich having abundant and a !nse - See S.) lso says, iUj 21, or CW , t I came to hin once, j, i. e. smaU feathers. (8, or twice. (TA.) A single act of Jij [i. e. hastening, or going q,ichly]. (TA. [This seems to be the primary signification.]) aLj. A [vehicle of the kind called] aL~ in which, or upon which, the bride is sent [or con£6j A company. or congregated body, of men. (0, I.) Hence the saying of the Prophet to ducted] to her husband. (Kh, 8, I.) Blill, on the occasion of the marriage of FPtimeh,
I,.
5.1

;

(1) and ~Ji,

(M, [likei'jl;,

app. an inf. n.,

.1 --

aj Li ill the people to me company after company. (0, TA.)

[%jptk pass. part. n. of - in a sense not menj.._It Si..*l, meaning Bring thou tioned, and perhaps not used. Hence,] ti,' jti
.. .5

a phrase meaning

jJ,1 4jh'j

,;I [i. e. He

passed the night made to tremble, or quake, by jij,in a male ostrich, Tho quality of having the wind]. (TA.) abundant and dense j, i.e. small feathers.

(9, g.)
Jjj: see Jj. _ Hence it is applied to a

2. . 2 j He smeared a receptacle [such as a she-camel, as being likened to an ostrich in her wine-skin and a wine-jar] with ,zJj. (Mqb.) quickness; (TA;) meaning [Quick: or] good in , j4 [Pitch: or tar: or a sort of pitch: or pace, and quick. (yam p. 750.) And JAJI is the name of a certain horse that belonged to crude pitch:] i. q. j;: (A, Mgh, ]:) or se: inf. n. ;j; (S, 1 ;) and t.,.jl; (S, g ;) He NomRn Ibn-EI-Mundhir. (O.) _ Also A twang9 (Mqb:) or i1jj3: (A, Mqb:) or it is like ;: carried, (,, A, .K,) a thing, (V,) or a load, or ing bow. (TA.) ($:) it is not thej%· with which ships aresmeared, burden, (9, A,) as, for ex., a filled waterskin. j.ij (9, !) and t Jjt and t 1 tj, (Ibn-'Ab- but [like this inasmuch as] it is also a black subOs; [They bear, stance, with wnhich wine-skins are seasoned; for (TA.) You say, jW0t~l bid, l,) or VXJ, without $, (L, TA,) Quickh, the Aj of ships dries upon them, whereas the :..j or carry, or take of from him, and carry, his (Ibn-'Abbad, ., L, 19,) like t), (e,) and light. of shins does not dry: (TA:) or [crude pitch; burdens]. (A.)- Hedrew,(J, TA,) andcarried, (L, TA. [In the C] the explanation is omitted.]) i. e.] a produce of the pine, or pitclh-tree; which (TA,) water. (i, TA.) ~ It is also an inf. n.: (9, IC,&c.:) or a simple is of two sorts, moist and dry; the latter being 2: see the next paragraph. either cooked, or congealed of itself; tuch as subst. (Myb.) [See 1, in severnlplaces.) .flows of itselffrom the trees is called %j:j; such 5. Sj,3 occurs in the eabee b of El-Bukh~ee M5J: as is prepared by cooking, and art,'0 1 . (TI.) as meaning ;Jai.3 [q. v.]: but El-Jelal says, in see the next preceding paragraph. A s [See also'id: and see De Sacy's ' ' Abd-allatif," the Towsheeb, that this is not known in the lanp. 273.]_ -Also, (1,*TA,) i.e. %.j, (TA,) guage of the Arabs. (MF.) [Freytag explains JJ.j and r J!jJ [the latter of which is omitted [not ;g , which Frey tag has supposed to be it as meaning HIe atefatfood, breaking the fast; in the CI] A wind that blows violently, with here intended in the ]I, and not without some like tjj; (which latter generally means, in the continuance; as also V ij, (31, TA,) or alAj: reason, for the passage is ambiguous,] A certain present day, he rendered greasy;) but this I (Cl:) or V6lj%j and J3)J a-.ind making a medicine; ([, TA;) a thing that comes forth believe to be post-classical. See De Sacy's Chrest. from the earth, [app. a sort of bitumen, perhaps Ar., sec. ed., i. 270.] moaning (0;' ), and tounding among the trees: another name for t.. AJbitumen Judaicum, (a:) or J'j a quick, or snift, wind: or U or Jews' pitch,] that is an ingredient in medicines: 8: see 1, near the end of the paragraph. and t 3!'Jij and VJlj a violent wind, having a not the ;Jj commonly known. (TA.) j3 A load, or burden, syn. j ., (S, A, g,) on ajbj, i.e. sounding: the pi. of Jjij is jjij. the iack, (1P,) or on the head, that is heavy, and .j. Smeared nith jj; (S, A,' Mgh, V;) in colnsequence of wthich the bearer breathes vete(TA.) - Also, (i. e. the first and second words,) Light [in motion or action]. (Ibn-'Abbad, 1].) applied to a wine-skin, (A,) or a vessel, or recep- mently, or groans (.): (A:) pl..;. (S, A.) (TA.) The receptacle -A -And The ostrich; ([;) so called because of tacle for wine; i. q. .e. [water-skin of the kind called] L: (9, his lightnes of pace; or because of his Za'j, thus termed quickly occasions alteration [or fer- .g:) a shin in rwhich a pastor carries hi waater: meaning his moving [or flapping] of his wings mentation] in the wine [contained in it]. (Mgh.) pl. as above. (TA.) - The apparatuw of a trawhen running; (TA;) and so v'3ha. You say .j; (1~.) o~q A jar mseared with Zjj. veller, (]i,) comprising the water-skin 4c. (TA.)

or perhaps a simple subst.,]) He drew in hit breath to the utmost, by reason of disirem: ( :) it originally signifies he drew bach his breath vehemently, so that his ribs became wollen out: (Er-Raghib:) dj'is the beginning of the cry of the ass, (Lth, 8t A, Er-Rgbhib,) and of the like, (Lth,) and is generally used in this sense; (Er-. R&ghib;) and j, is the ending thereof; (Lth, S, A, Er-Righib ; for the former is the drawing in of the breath, and the latter is the sending it forth: (Lth, S:) or the verb signifies he ntforth his breath, after prolonging it: (M, I :) or he sent forth his breath with a prolonged sound: [i. e., he sighed, or uttered a long nigk', or figAed vehemently; or he groaned:] or he .filed his cheat, by reason of grief, and then sent forth his breath: (TA:) or he breathed, raising his roice, like one moaning, or in grief. (Ijar p. 20.) [Hence,] jl'I ;.,j t The fire made a wound to be heard from itJ burning, or its fierce burning: (l] :) and this [sounding] is termed p*j. (TA.) [See also...; whereJj, its inf. n., is expl., on the authority of AZ, u signifying The jlaming, A.- .. ,.aor blazing, of fire.] And ,j1 hi3jt1[T sea makes a roaringby its tumultuow~]. (A, TA.) - ,jl q i, t The land put forth its plants, or herbage. (TA.) -Aj, aor. , (., A, g,)

}

BoOK I.]

1237

- A lamb; syn. ;~: so in the Blri'. (K.) ) (S:) or the chest, or belly: pl. of the former, also, .i.Jl is [le is strongly compacted r This signification and that of ,j are both ,..js . (TA.) One says, V ?jJl Ja i Ve,iij! in male]. (TA.) correct. (TA.) he is great in the middle: (S, TA :) or in the a .. The part of the breast (j4 .) of a horse )j A prop of a tree. (], TA.) - [In modern chest, or belly. (TA.)- One says also, of a front nwhich the bteathing termed t,Jj [see 1] j J Arabic, it means Grease, greasy food, or fleh- camel, or other beast, ,L .1 , meaning lIam meat: app. from the Pers. j or 3)j, signifying strong is tlt knitting toaether of his joints! (TA.) p)roceeds. (AO, O, K.) - See also gJj, in two places. "filth:" and hence, obscenity. Hence also the ,;ij:see ;Jj, in four places. vulgar el)ithietj (app. forij), meaning Greasy: JPj andfoul, orfilthy: and obscene. See 5.] Aj A calamity; a mi.fortune; (, ;) as J.ij [whether with or withlout tenween is not also t)j. (TA.) j t A sea, (J,) that makes a roaring, (j,) shown; but accord. to general opinion, a word of by reason of its tumnltuousness. (TA.) -- A jlj One who [carriesor] helps to carry loads, this measure, if not an epithet, is perfectly decl., river containing muck wrater, (K,) so that it or burdenu: (TA:) and,'lj [pl. oft' tj] female i. c. witil ten ween ;] Anger; and shap,ness, or resembles a sea. (TA.) -_ A larye gift, (J1,) as slaves that carry n,ater-jhkins (S) or [oitser] loatls, hastincu of temlper. (.) likened to a sea. (TA.) - t A liberal man; or burdens. (TA.) - See also the next paraajl A compan#, or collection, ($, .K, TA,) of likened to a sea that makes a roaring, ()j.,) graph. men, and of camels: (TA:) and t 0Ubjlt is lilke by reason of its tumultuousness; (A;) as also j.Jlj: see what next precedes. Also t A I~..l, (.s,) syn. thlerewith, (]g,) signifying a , lj. (TA.) - One rwho carries loads, or bulky camel; (]K ;) and so t*jj: (Sghi, 1 :) collection, or an assemblage, of any thinga (TA.) burdens; meaning, who has strength to carry because he carries loads, or burdens. (TA.) One says,.i? I;... (Fr, g, TA) and rwater-shins. (KI.) [See also ;lj.] - t One wrho l.~ f The >t!L [or rvithers, or upper portion of the (Fr, TA) Tkey came writh their company. (Fr, has pon-er to bear responsibilities. (Sh, s.*)_ Hence, t A lord, master, chief, or the like: ($:) back, next the neck,] witk n.hat is next to it. , TA.) And UI I Ij _ and al;. They came (TA.) [Because loads are borne ulpon it.] or, for the same reason, a great lord, or the like; in a co,npany. (Fr, S and .* in art. J4..) t The side, or angle, ('4,) of a building, (K,) ·. eg (TA;) as also V;1. (k, TA.) tA courage- upon which it [mainly] Jijl: see the next preceding paragraph. rests, or is supported: ous man. (K,' TA.) - t A lion;. (K.) - See pl.;lj. (TA.) [Ilenee the exl,ression],,.&..j a.i~ i. q. a [Lightness, lerity, &c.]: (Sb, ., also 5 1 Mj, in three places: - and ~j. ~1%j t Their gloriy has props that strengthen it. :) so in the saying, l.jl dS..1 [Lightness, or 3gj' A drawing-in of the breath to the ut,most, (A, ].*) A man's aiders, or a.usistants, (, levity, &c., seized him, or affected him]. (Sb, .. ) by reason of distress: ( :) [or a drawing-bach TA,) and his kinsfolk, or tribe, syn. ;. , (S, A, of the breath vehemently, so that the ribs become ,) s also l; because they lear his burdens: swollen out: (see 1:)J or an emission of the breath (A:) his aiders, or assistants, and particular after prolonging it; as also t ;j and t;j4 L ij, (TA, and IHar p. 124,) aor. , (TA,) and friends. (TA.) You say, ;Ot" ' " ... t;A, (If, TA,) or tj*., (as in a copy of the ],) t They are the persons who undlertakie andi per- inf. n. C'oj, (TA, l-ar,) in its primary acceptation, lIe pushed, or thrust, or he pushed, or thrust, and Vt;i;: (CkI, but omitted in the TA and in form their businessu with the Sultdn. (S.) And away, (TA, Hnr,) vehemently: and he struck [or my MS. copy of the I:) [or an emission of tthe e4 ?IJ a, and.#.>j, also, jUai. JI He kicked] with the leg, or hind leg. (.ar.) You breath with a prolonged sound; i. e., a sigh, or a long or vehement sigh; or a groan: or an emis- is the chief of his people, and the bearer of their say, viJ . I approached him, and he sion of the breath afterfilling the chest with it by burdens, wvith the Stltdin. (A.) See also "j, in pushed me, or thrust me,from him. (TA.).And ireason ofgrief: (see, again, 1:)] pl. 'lJIj, because two places. - t A company, or congregatedbody, ji l .il Hc drires,or urges on, the saddleit is a subst., not an epithet; but sometimes, by (lj,)ofmen; (TA;) as also tIj. (gK,* TA.)_ camel. (TA.) And Yi" l and tAn army; or a collected portion thereof; or a poetic license, .4lhj. (v.) El-Jn.adee says, troop of horse; syn. 'e, as also *>j. (I.) ~.11 [The wind drives along the clouds and the dust]. (TA.) And ? ,?g. yJI j3 , [The _ t[A rib: pl. ) .,iJ You say ' meaning As though he were sewed up after a waves drive along the ship]. (TA.) AndJ..~ l lj.iJI !tA horse having stron ribs. (A.) -t A draving-in of the breath to the utmost, by reason bowv: (]:) pl. 'ij: (A:) so called as being L.a. . , i.e. [He wnho is at the point of death] of distress, so that he seemed to be constantly so likened to a rib. (TA:) [or perhaps from its ur,es on his soul. (TA.) -m And '>5,aor. , (, drawing in his breath, on account of the largeness sound.]_ t The part of an arrow exclusive of Mgh, Msb, K, in the CK ,) inf. n. ,~j (, Mgh, ofihis belly, [and did not become restored to letrndr- thefeatlhers: (S, 1:) or the Ipart exclusive of Mab) and Wtj, (TA,) He danced; (., Mgli, ness nor lankness of the belly.] (S.) And another two thirds, next the lead: ('Eesa Ibn-'Omar, S, Msb, ]g;) and played, or sportedL (TA.) It i says, g:) or the part from a little belov the head to said in a trad. of F/timeh, '~ a ~. i ;,a. the head: (ISh:) or about a third part of an She used to dance to El-Hasan. (TA.) [And the soul finds rest from its drawing-in of arrow, and of a spear. (TA.) [Perhiaps so called '>j : see what next follows. the breath to the utmost, by reason of distress; from its sound.] -. JIJ *,, The 5's [or female of or front its sighs, 4.c.]. (8.) - Alo, t all the Aj covering which they make over their the y]. (T in art.Al.) words above mentioned, [A man] breathiing [in .fiat housetops to protect them from the heat and lj1 A horse large in the sides: (V :) or in the dew of the sea; (i;) of thke mannerabove described]; syn. :i:¥'~; [unless the dial. of 'Om&n; and ribs of the sides: or in the chest, or belly: t j? is a dial. this be a mistranscription for var. thereof. (TA.) - And "' meaning the place of (such) breathing; as seems probable from or in the middle: (TA:) pl. ~. (s.)-_i.1, Straight and seder palm-.branches stripped of their lteav [and cut to certain requiredlengths], the forms of more than one of these words, and used as a subot, The pudendum; like 'l/il; conjoined, one to another, [side by side, by means from what follows, and also from an explanation syn. SlJI. (IAy, TA in art. ~.) of split pieces of such branches passing through ofsij^, below.] (K, TA.) - Also ij (I1, TA) .~p4, or.J.;, and 5 ; ja,: see );Jj, in two places. holes punched in theformer,] like the woven mat: and t;.j (8, 1, TA [but not the other words (] :) [of such are made chests for cooking mentioned above, as is implied in the Cd,]) The .j. A beast, (1i,) or camel, (TA,) having his utensils and provisions &cc.:] of the dial. of Azd. niddle (., 1]) of a thing, (g,) or of a horse: joints strongly knit together. (!K, TA.) You say (TA.)

Ac,

5jJ ;i

12313

also sigynifies A bird's utteriuig its cry, or pushcs, or thrus.ts, or that pushes, or. thrusts, voice, at dawn: (Lthi, k~:) or it is a word imiawai/, or thiat hicks, or srire/w, and pushes, &c., tative of the cryt, or voice, of thle bird; (M, TA ;) her millker n'ith her hinid leg, or with her. stif- and lie who thuis explains it docs not restrict it by, joint ; or that is mvont, or accustomed, to (lo so] adding "attdawn." (TA.)-Also [asann onomalau~ghing. (Ibn-'Ahlil4o], K.)? l ; (1g ;) as though she topcwia] A sneak or lamke ; ais also V The being light, or active, (Is, and HIar And olanced inbher gait, in consequtence of lameness. p. 375,) and quirk. ffijr ibid.) - Also a word i35Ij Light, or active, in her wialki; (1K, TA;) (TA.) of the dial. of' Kelb, npp. meaning Thei being applied to a woman. (TA.) quick in speech, (Ibn-'Abl)6d, K~, TA,) and makiing 1.1jA dancer : [whcncc] one says, at~ 3.j4.oA ram skinned from his head to hais hind ZlAq ~LUj 7'iie Soo es ar.e danicer.s, prorider.s of one par.t ther.eqf to follow ;lose uopon another.. TA.) -And The dancing a chiild; leg; (Lu, TA;) as also V (Ibn-'Abbtuid, (LI., , TA:) [or bonwls, which many of food with their~ is likewise also as 1,TA.) K ;) S,31, ~ of (Lthi, and (TA) ofJ. contr. tleni, Icaiig a menclicanit-life, as darweeshes, with K,) M, (Lth, verb,] ati inC. n. of the same --- Amid A skin cf,which the hair is clipped, not Rre in the hal,it of always carryingr withi thecm]. kesr. (K.) rut ojf'. (1~, TA.) - And hience, as beingr like (TA.) suchl a ski n, t A lhead of iihichi all lie hair is cut jione of the names of TI-ine: (Mohee!, kZ* Also A woman that si!ffices sec : see off. (IS,OTA&.) And t A man 4. ring all the her mnan, or hus.bandl, in relpect. of the mkeans of pl., as in the Moheet, i 3j; buat accord. to the K~, hair of his head cut off T. larg 3. a1AJj. (TA.) slhe-camel a or K1~.AbA,I:) : she-camel skin for hioldling wine ~5'c. :] any re- n.hosce skin iflldwith fat after her fieshinens. [A Ji (- Tall; (K;) and (8 K)and o ceptacle, consisting of a skint, that is uised for (1.En-Na(ir, TA.) light, or active. IS ;) and some addc, striong; (.14, wine and the like:. or, at; some say, not thuts called see the next preceding Paragraph. (TA.) [In one copy of the ~, I find it written unless it be stipdoff fromn the p~art next thte ekj.j ; whichb its measure in poetry ishows to be ani,nal's neck : or, accord. to AHjn, one in which Any work that is accomnplished quickly. jj!. wrongr.] wyine is conveyed.. (M:) or a skin for rrater or jj.0 ' applied to a she-camel, Swift, (1g,) and milki; syn. U: (,K)or a tkin of w.hich the cjjj light, or actire: 1IJ says thant it is app. of the hair is clipped, not plucked outt, (L.th, Ii,) for. wineo Jc. : (K :) ~s '1~(JK, S, K,*) and ;3 1. s~mneasure , S from &,0 [as meaningr "1the wine and the like, (LtI,) or for Q 335 p. H~ar andl Myb, (TA,) le made hint (a field-rat, ~, TA) to enter act of dancinf"] ;or it mny be a quaRdriliteral- or a receptacle, (j" butter anid [into his hole, and inito the aper.ture in a wall]. clarified put are which in skin, of radical word: Il3 says thant Cjww [whiich see in some say, (Iytr.ibid.:) or, am 1, TA.) == See also 7. ]g art. Cj> is similar to it. (TrA.)..-..Also, applied vinega!~r anad wine: says A1tiit (Meb:) .:.jj: with smeared a jj in consoundls, to athow, Thant makes a soundif, or 1.C, TA,) 2. A (AZ, TA,) inf. n. $ei,(AZ, with s.eq#4ence qf being put in motiona: and in this sBense that it is such as is smneared with t.,jor lie (the bir.d called W.*) sentforth his voice, or it is Paid by IJ to be of the measure Jjah from cry. (AZ, 1~.) and 3jjI, mentioned by El-Hlejerce, (M,) and (of C191 (TA.) 9 j. 4-' 7. .,j1He entered (T, 5, K~) int Iis hole, mult., S) 313j (~, M, I~) and e,l.j [in the Cig or motion, is S, ]~,) said of a field-rat; (.T K, 8;) as also whom (.1K, an in .U,d, M, Myb), I~, TA.) u written j34,. erroneously or into a thitii; as also 3Lj.l: (T, cn,nnt,oa: n(l L.J3jI q.Ama in a state Of v .. J;(; ZJj A certain small bird; (K~;) a certini TA:) or he entered into it and concealed himsuelf tniot,v,,i, or commotion: mentioned by bh, and rxiai. hy Seer. (TA.) aquatic bird, that remains still until it is almost (l1Kt, TA in art.,.) seized, and then dives, and comes forth far tff: $Ij, '(K,) and ~.jj joh (Lh,i S,) [in which

C~,j, appliril to a Eshe-cnmel, i. q.

,:)y [Thiat a3Ai
4. *'

I. 1238 ~~~~~~~~~ (TA.) =iAlso, as in the copiesa of the Mobeet and the A [and in the JK], or 433,like 5 b.I arcord, to the K~, but the former is prolbably the right, (TA,) One scho drinkhs n'ater (iMohcet, A, K) at rthe table, (Aloheet, K~,) while htaring food in his mouth. (Molhect, A~, K.) [As shiown in tIne A, it is an epithet applied to a greedly man.]

J~,[wlhich

,.

,>A~

PI.J. aid of a bird, nor. 2, (5, M, A1qb,) nj 1. ^t.) ]g;) aind V "jJ (lDrd, M,) Meli, (M, jj; n. inCf. t~e t on n ~M1( iaf. n. a~;(.; (,ill ;*) it ejetted food bill]; (or wit.h its ,nouitk of its you:ig one. mousth the inato bill] [from its .l.Jj 1. (I Drd, TA.) - [Ilencee,] one says. ji t I, [I ceasedl not to instil into him, o;r to nioriesih 1im with, kniowledge, or sCience]. (TA) mostly snid of a bird, (M,) or ,jj, t- A p~ 4 said of a bird, (TA,) aor. as above, (M) so the iuif. n. ; (M, Ig, TA;) and ~3j M nudio (gj (K; or] AIL4, (TA,) inf. n. TA,) lie rast forth his exerement; (At;) it (a. bird) mautedl, or dutnged. (M, I,TA.)
A

(M.)

r 31jA L [meaning, street]: (~ ~: [rather a i,y-street, or lanie;] a narron' p [here meaning street], (MW,) less than a ia.,,(, Mgh, Mqb,) n'hether a tkiorougl~ifare or not: (Mgh, Mob:) mase. (~, Msb) and fem.: 5 M.ab, K:) Akh says that the people of EI-HIijAz ( blob) and eJ(S mnake 3.1,W and ij.ah Q, and _*.JI and jlUjlI ($, M9 b) and l,which is the market of El-Baemlh, ($,) fem.; and Te-

nicem make them masc., (~, Mstb,) i. e. all of pl. [of pauc., but also used as a pl. of these:() mult.,] 13jl (~, M, iMgh, Myb, 1~) and [of mnult.] Lf.AA CP- occurring I U.) (Sb, ~, MW, in a trad., means 11e who has guided the err-ing 2. ;j, (M, TA,) inf. n. J J,( TA,) lIe and the blind to his way. (TA.) - [lencej] stfrilpped of aliide, or skin, by commencing.from p -A [Thes strait of Gibraltar;] the passage of thie head, (8,,M, TA,) in order to make qf it a 313,3t betwreen 'a,djeh and RI-J'ezeereh el-Khandse thes Cj~[q. v.]. (M, TA.) Thte doing thius in different rAi, in the moest, (I1~, TA,) by EI-Andalus; called .J--8-6 froin die mode now practised. (E5.) a4- 31j. (TA.) R. Q. 1. 3jjj, in. n. VAI): see 1, above, in The maker of the [kind of srkin called] 3j. two places. - [As inf. n. of the same verb,]

the latter word may be eitherna subistitute for the former or an epithect,] A naorrow road or wray: (TA.) anid n. un. with i; S~: ph 0 (Llh , alike. (K~, TA.) The are pl. or this and the occurs in a verse of Aboo.,.j Phrase [thie former word Dhut.eyb) cited voe heieta withi tenween for thie Pike of the measure;] or, ais some reltte it, _4.j: (!5, TA:) in this instance, ,,j is a submititut for ..,ojUs...: or, accord. to A'Obcyd, .,4jjUa signifies ntarrom roadst or n'ays, andl .Jj signifies narrow: (TA:) or k. ... sjs ifies an obscutre na2rro,v rond or wra. meaningy (JK.) -One says also, t.jj e i I threw, or shiot., at him, or it, from a nearospot. (J K,1.)

Z-,

1

31Ui

syn. with .A;' [Time act of gobbling a 1. .ijis thingy; i. e. eating it qnoithhl, and hastily; or draw.ing it writh the mouth, and eating it quithkly: or sn.allowing it: (see also 5 and 8:)]: (AA, 1]C, TA:) or L .. I [vehement gobbling; &c.]: meaning (TA:) you say, .i3j, sor. 4, inf. ii. per[And ~I[lie gobbled it; &c.]. (Ti.)

.Aj,

BooK I.]

.Ij -i

0

j

1239 combine the two epitlhets .L. and i,bj or l.j: otherivise otherwise the mncaning is only a man quick, or ft.' A,'g. ' *t ;' 'J - -prompt, i,, payin,l: fir] you say, ;S. /pro,pt, ;ISj meanin- Th/ous ilt iedl#rldi .find hion to be one measring who pays r'hat he owes (TA) tith/out puttian qof. Q( (. in art. .) .*.Ut .siltl 'Lj: see the next preceding paragraph. t!k A refgce; an asylim; a place to nhilch one has recoursefor refitye, protectiton, preserration, concealment, covert, or lodging: [and applied tion, to a man :] a poet says, speaking of Bishr IbnM Marwfin, [And excellent, or most excellent, is the r'fage of him nwhose ways ltave become strait]. (TA.)

ticularly] The eating what is termed 9j1l, a for making honey; (8, TA;) its Jlon,cr is n'hitc; meaning a certain food in which are dates antd and the heads of its leaves are very foul, or ugly: fresh butter: (S:) [or so *j .ijj; for] you say (S,S TA:) [or] a certain plant in the desert (At,lI), having a flower resemnbling in for'm the ,j, inf. n. .. , he ate _.9jJ1; as also a.J, jasmine. (g.)_ Also A certain tree in Ar,cehgi inf. n. .j. (TA.) [i. c. Jericho], of [the district called] the Ghocr, 2: see above. m [Freytag explains it as sig- thaing a fruit like the date, sweet, with an nifying lie gave a person a thing to eat; but astringentand bitter qrtality! ; the stone of nhich Ias an oil greatly esteented for its bIeneficial prowithout indicating his authority.] perties, wonderful of operation in disLersing the 4. ;;.JI d.jl lie made him to swellow the cold kinds of and phlegmatic disorders, thing. (S, K.') and pains of the joints, and gout in the foot .3. -e--5. .ijj is syn. n'ith .ii3 [The swalloring a ('ii), and sciatica, and the flatus that is conthing in a leisurely manner]: (8, K :) [or simply .fined in tlme socket of the hip: the reigAht of seven the swrollon,ing a thing: for] you say, a.llI j$ drachms thereofis drunk three days orfive days; [He snallowed in a leisurely manner the gobbet, and sometimes, or often, it makes to rise and or morsel, or moutlful: or simply] he swallowed stand the crippled and those who are dep,rived of the gobbet. (TA. [See also 1 and 8.])_Also the power of motion: it is said that its original The drinking milk much, or abundantly: and the was the [species of] 1... 1 [or myrobalan] calleld suhst. is .j [app. V j, as it is written without ,,4'Le, which the Benoo-Umeiych removed any syll. signs; meaning, I sul,pose, A colpious (from India, TA), and planted in Areh.,; anl draught of milk]. (TA.) Accord. to lD)rd, one whien it had long remained, the soil of Areel.ia - ' ', - m says, J0I j S,j3, . meaning Such a one drank altered it from the natural ch;racter of the immoderately of the milk; or dranlt the milk immoderately. (S, TA.)

s

flatus,

4lj.

1. ;j, (A, K,) aor. ', (T(,) inf n. j; (TA;) and t.,5j, (.,) inf..n.. .-. ; (rA;) i1le Jilled (A, ]K) a vessel, (TA,) or a waterskiii. skiin. (A.)
2: see 1: _ and 5.

8.
a.-

.jI

lIe s,aallowed it. (S, k.

[See also

arwil 5. 5;j3 1 It (a child's belly) became large, 1..t.Sj, (S, I~,) aor. :, (.K,) inf. n. ,3, (8,) (K,) or full, (S, A,) so that it was like a ;j~j, He paidit in ready money, quickly, or promnptly; (9,) Aj: csee 5. or was quick, or promnpt, in doeing so. (ISk, S.) (A,) and in good condition; (V ;) as a! o tSj, iJj Plague, or lswtilenee; syn. Cj,U, . (Th, [The verb is doubly trans. in thiis sense:) you inf. inf.n. gi. (K.)t It (beverage, or wine,) *. · ,1 -g.) One says, a.i;;, ai #lC [God smote hi,,, say, W, olj lie paid himtn a thousand (meaning a became collected (Ii) in a ;jbj. (TA.) or may God smite him, with the plaque, or pes- thiousand dirhems, TA) in ready money, q.ickly, ijSj $;j A certain small receptacle; (Msihb;) a tilence]. (T. .) orpromptly. (IK,TA.) And 7._ d'lSj, inf. n. as i.ecelpearle. receptacle tf slhin, (A,) or a skin, (],) or a .;j Freslh butter withL dates; (t, K;) in the abnove, I paid him his due; as also _ Zf, small .. lshin, (S, Mghl,) for tvine, (S, A, Mghi, II,) dial. of Ifrecleeyeh: (M, TA:) or a cert,in.food inf.n. uLW,. (ISh,TA )-.And l iiW1,. I orfor orfor vinegar: (.K:) pl. .bj. (Myb.) of the Arabs, in which are dlates and lfresh butte. (S, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (S,) The she($.) Also Any deadly foodl. (Th, TA.) camel cast forth her young one at ker hind leqs, The food of the people of the fire [af Jlell]. or hind feet, (8, and so in some copies of the I,) (15d, ].) A certain tree in Ie/ll: (K:) [re- or at her hind leg, or hind foot: (so in other 1. specting which] I'Ab says that when the saying copies of the k:) or, in labour, cast forth her 1. Sj, (K,) inf.n.b, isTA,) lIefilled a water-skin: (K, TA:) and ,Jj signifies thio [in the I,,r xliv. 43 and 44] .,taJ... esjl;. e. ,t young one. (T, TA.) And one says also, * at, U .9a a g. same _,5j, as_ ,j, i.e. the act of filling: this is tihe [ trily e the tree of .,91j shall be thefood ~ ;.st" j t, 41, and d, .W,, i. e. [May God primary meaning. (TA.).Seo also 4. _ j of the sinner] was revealed, Aboo-Jahl said, remove from good, or prosperity, a mother that &ZZ" &,Z lie emitted his sperma genitale (M, A, S "Dates and fresh butter: we will swallow it cast him forth from her womb, or] that br.ought l) O) liie the discharge of mucus from the nose qof leisurely:" therefore God revealed [these other him forth. (TA.) -And olj, nor. as above, words of the .Iur, xxxvii. 62 and 63,] 'e (I. (.K,) anl so the inf. n., (TA,) lie beat himn, or the .. 9..j, . (A.) - &l & j tf His mother -struck him. (..) So in the phrase JP lsoit-- brought him forth [in an absolute sense (as in a saying here following), or], accord. to IAor, [Verily it is a tree coming forth in the bottom of [He beat hinm, or struck him, with a hundred casily. (TA.) One says, ~t *..;4 : . 1 ja Hell, the fruit thereof being as though it were stripes of t/i.e whip]. (TA.) - And d6- {gj t[Alay God curse a mother that brought him the heads of the devils, or of terrible serpents, He compressed his yonng woman, orfemale slave. t[Blay 1 foul in aspect, having manes, as expl. by Bd]: (K.) fop.th]. for.th]. (TA.) ,bj lHe (a man, g) was, or i l.j t He had recourse to him, or it, ( :) it is thus called after a tree .of which a for refuge, protection, preservation, concealment, became, affeted ' vit h .. ~j: (S, MOb, g:) [it is description here follows. (13d in xxxvii. 60.) in covert, or lodging; he leaned, or stayed himnsclf, app. from d..5j; but is thought to be] fironi A certain tree having small leaves, stinking (;jj), --a--.j,l, q. v.; [and therefore] anomalous. (M.th.) upon him, or it. (AZ, .. ) and bitter, found in Tihdmeh: (Bd. ubi supra:) A1In says, ($, TA, [but this passage is only in 8. _~ , Lb.sjl I Ie took, or received, fromn [2. 4-j is said by Golius to be syn. wit!, one of my two copies of the S,]) on the authority him his due; ( ;) as also l$. (TA.) &*bjl. a.-jl. But the only mention of._j that I fiud of an Arab of the desert, of Azd es-Sarah, that n. O.j in the ;, where it is said that is in art. the .Ajj is a dust-coloured tree, (8, TA,) haying L"j: see what next follows, in two places. &J& k CS. and sig ify ,lj , and small round leaves, without thorns, (TA,) having c 4. .jl IHe (God, S, Myb) caused him (a a pungent odour (;QI [perhaps a mistranscription lS J,q.j (., ) and t man, S) to be affected with .lk j; (AZ, A, S, for t,. i. e. stinking]), andbitter, having knots in ilSj (,) and Vtbj, (TA,) and Z', 1 j, (S, b, 1 ;) as also v ':e. (g.) its stems, (f, TA,) many in number, and a small ,) A mealthy man, quick, or prompt, in paying: M 9 and y meak flower, which the bee eat, or lick, (4,S I:) [or rather this is the meaning when you j: ace e .. Ii. -j.~ . ~ Also t Progeany: so says :mall,v4in, Bk. I. (A.) l-d; 1.and 5.])

=

(s,)and

piety; first 1240

bji - A.j

1,

[Boos I.

said Lhtis See thus expl. by Aboo-Mooes. (Nh, TA.)IApr: or, accord. to Yaasoob, it is t 'Sj. thus predicated of knowledge, though this is not a 1 also 1, first sentence. i to El-Umawee, Accord. (TA.) thing. corporeal S j, ;.orj "s (TA.) One says, :., a, S, inf. n. ,) aor. Also He 5. ui~jS: see 1, first sentence. i. e. ile is the basest, mo.st ignoble, or meanest, of (S,) said of a man, tAj, ( evil progeny; or] meaning that he is not a good -. j, (S,) means He enjoyed, or led, a plentiful, becatne became purfied; or he puriied kimself: (TA:) son. (TA.) Aliso The moaning, or hard breath- and a pleasant or an easy, and a soft or delicate, also pronounced (Bd in r-lj!, aor. O ing, (,ij,) with which the child comesforth; as life; (S, Ii;) was in a state of abundance of the xxxv. 19.) - And lie cndeavou,red to attain goods, conveniences, or comforts, of life. (S.) ( ,' TA.) also [~.j and] '.j. mtich piety; from :tlSil. (Bd in lxxxvii. 14.)And likewise said of a man, (having the same much - Also : Tho lost of the aor. and inf. n., TA,) it means also IIe wvas, or And lie gave the poor-rate. (S.) 'a*j: see .;Lbj. children of his two parents. (S, ]g, TA.) You became, good, or righteous; (Jel in xxiv. 21, Llbj, (S, K, TA,) without tenween, and accord. ISj, . .. o.., J.S lIe is the last of the children Msb, 1, TA;) and pure fr.oni sin. (Jel ibid.) to some with tenween, and not having the article l 1 i...ij say, I1. means This, JI prefixed to it; and in like manner 1t', which ! of his two parents. (S, TA.) See also iaej, [Hence,] O ' 4 j- . in two places. _ Also : Heavy, and coarse, thing, or affair, mill not be suitable to sucih a is coupled with the former, is without tenween, rough, or rude. (I, TA.) and accord. to some with tenween, and not having one; mill not befit him. (S.) not the article Jl prefixed to it; (TA;) [but each has ;1,j (M,Meb, 1) and t i j, (1,) or ,;, see 4. - Also HIc ' 2. ;,j, in . ;9: (S ) . ji prefixed to it in the K;; ii. . i l (S, with lamm, (Mbh,) [A coryza, or catarrhus ad purified him, or it. (Er-Rsghib, TA.) Some- JI e. (1) [or e, as meaning An even number; nares; a rheum, in the most usual sense of the times the agent of the verb in this sense is a man; ~.il (.K) a cons;sting (!f pairs; or a single nutmber a term, meaning a deilluihna from the head, chiecly as in the saying in the .lur[xci. 9], i,. J pair] : said to be so cualled because the pair from the nose; commonly called a cold in the 1 09 tblj [Verily Ie prospereth who purifleth it; are more, or more perfeet, or better, (t UAl,) head;] a deflutxion of redundant humour from namely, his soul]: sometimes it is God; as in . ' as ' ' than is the one. (TA.) You say l;j -l. or the tno anterior venters of the brain to the nos. 4i ,id 21,] gur xxiv. in the saying [the 0 we ;t 0, [Odd o- even?]. (TA.) [See more trils: (]g:) well known: (S, hibh :) from .&j . . ,. [liut God !,urifieth wmho,m lIe ,willetA]: ISj t. voce .] meaning the act of" filling." (TA.) saying the as in and sometimes it is the Prophet; 0 0 9' , i s.. U...JI. [in the Kur ix. 104],.. j 31j]. You say it-4j# ev.j, or S.j, [accord. to El-Harceree, to be j [pass. part. n. of 'S"j9; [Tahe thou, from their posseuions, a written with t when prefixed to a pronoun, and ,'A filled nater-shin. (TA.) - And, applied to a man, (AZ, Ay, S,) Affected with poor-rate, whereby thou shalt cleanse titem and also in the dual number, (see De Sacy's Anthol. Gram. Arabe, p. 67 of the Arabic text,) but this Alhj: (AZ, Ay, S, Msb, ! :) [regularly formed purify t1hem; where (J says in the i) they say Gmm. rule I have not fould to be generally observed, from &*'j or ... j; but thioughit to be] from that.5p means the same as.,.~jm]; and in even in the best MSS., nor have I in the similar l; (AZ,A., , Mgb;) [and therefore] ano- the saying [in the g~ur ii. 146], ° ~. Qil caws (to which it is also cases of e;Lo antd ;,-, malous. (Myb.) !. [liho reciteds to you our signs, and applied,) in the best copies of the gur-in,] of the °.a [HIence, measure i';i, [i. e., originally ejj,] like i.j, purifleth you]. (Er-Rlighib, TA.) accord. to what is said in the Kur ix. 104, i. e. [wiiiclt [which is one of its syns.]; a noun of the clam of to believed is it signifies which the act because homonyms: (IAth, TA :) it signifies Increase, or ~c.,) in£. n. &, 8, 1. 6,3, nor. ,i, ( Msb, purify tie performer, or because it is believed to au gmentation, (IAth, Er-R'glahib, TA,) as also augmentation, , (Msb, [accord. to which the purify, or to occasion an increase of, the rest of 5tbj, (8,) or Vt' V' Lj [mentioned in the first paragrapl as an former seems to be a simple subst.,]) or both, j, (8, Mgh, Mgb,) in£ n. inf his property,] JL O 1 inf. n.], (Mal),) resulting from the blessing of (1g, TA,) the latter like aL, as in the M, but as above, (S, Msb,) He gave the ;Ij [or poor- God; and this is [said to be] the primary meanq, rate] from his property. (S, Mgh.) And ;j, accord. to [some of] the copies of the ing; and is considered as relating to the things of (TA,) It increased, or augmented; ($, Myb, ]~, (.,) or ,l. j, (Mgh,) Ire took (., Mgh) his, the present world and to those of the world to TA;) it received increase and blessing from God; come. (Er-RA'thib, TA.)- And Purity. (IAth, [or poor-rate]. (S, it throvew by tle blesing of God; (Er-IRglhib, (v,) or their, (Mgh,) ;Ij TA.) And [pamticularly] The dryneus of the earth TA.) .j also signifies I attributed to him ;) Mgh.) -TA;) and produced f'uit; (TA in art. or ground; whlichl is its purity from defilement. or ~j, inf. n. .Ilij, i. c. [purity, or] goodness, or righteousness. (TA.) (K in that art.,) aor. and ,/j, (TA.) - And Puri'ication:a meaning which it lbj, (TA in that art.,) signifies the same, (1, TA,) (Myb.) [And hence, I praised him.] And Sj is said to liave in the saying in the Kur [xxiii. 4], L; Sd, on the authority of L1p, as a dial. i:I, (S, Mgl,,) inf n. as above, (S,) He praised mentioned by 18 (IAth,Mgb,ErMgh,Erh ;m. 1,3, (lAth, (S, Mgh.) The doing this is forbidden .;(TA ;) and so * ubjl; himself. var. of 1lj, aor. b R6ghib, TA,) i. c. And who are acting in their in the lur liii. 33. (Er-R6ghib, TA.) Hence, Rigliib, religious service for God's purification of them; (l~ in art. S^ :) it is said (Mgb, 1! ;) and * i.: witnesm the pronouncing TIte i_Sj3 j:l) f also, or for their purification of themselves: for and ol TA,) Er-Righib, of seed-produce, (., Mab, wealth, or cattle &c., and of other things: of any- to be reracious, and good, or righteous. (Mgh.) ;.;jU is not here an objective complement of thing that increases, or augments, one saysaq _t Hee plays, and says, "Is CA*lgU; _ ;. · ,A*A; the J therein denoting the aim and the inf. n. :t Sbj. (TA.) [This is the primary mean. it even or odd [or rather odd or even]?" (TA in cause. (Er-Righlib, TA.) - Also, [as being a ing: or, accord. to some, the primary meaning is, art. -. ;) he takes, or holds, something in his mode purification of oneself,] Good, or righteous, of It was, or became, pure:] some say that the rooil t and, and says, " Is it even or odd [or odd or conduct: and in this sense it lhas been expl. as denotes purity: and some, that it denotes a stat( e even] ?" (TA in the present art.) [See t5j used in the .Kur xviii. 80: or as meaning goodof increase, or augmentation. (Mgh.) You say below.] nes.q, ness, or righteousness: (TA:) wrhich ? .;lj [also] ,j'lj cJmj The land throve, or yielded also 4. lS.jl He (God) made it to increase, or signifies. (Msb.) And Religious servie; as being I.,j [The boy gren,, augfment; (., Msb, gI ;) [made it to thrive; and the means of purification: so [accord. to some] it increase. (Mib.) And.'lt or rareo], inf. n. ,j and ."j, on the authoritY lmt it into a good, or right, state, or con- signifies in the saying [in the gur xix. 14], r dition;] namely, seed-produce, (., Myb, TA,) and ;_jj3 lS t[His deed, o0 of Akh. (?.) And 'L'; [And the disposition to i .. dt; It is said in E work, throve]. (4 in art. j.) a wealth, or cattle &ec, and any other thing capable mercy, or compaSsion, from us, and religios, I of increue,; (TA;) as also V.1Sj, (Mqb, V, TA,) service]: (Er-Raghib, TA:) or it here means ;'i l'W1 t[Wealth, what one expend diminishes it inf n. I.93. (TA.) Also He put it into a [i. e. purification,or purity]: and [accord. to some, but anond~ g increasesby e~pending]: ;5j bein8g bag, or some otlar receptacle; namely, property: if we except the instances mentioned above in the

e.I

AD

E

a..

Boox I.] next two preceding entences,l this is the only instance in the gur-An in which it is used in any other sense than that which next follows. (Kull p. 199.)._ And [The poor-rate;] the portion, or amount, of property, that is given therefrom, (M, IAth, Mgh, Mvb, ], Er-Rsghib, TA,) as the dau of God, (Er-R&ghib, TA,) by its possessor, (M, V, TA,) to the poor, (M, Mgh, Er-Rbghib, TA,) in order that he may purify it thereby: (M, IAth, g, TA:) [in the g it is merely said that " the ;J5j of property is well known :" the giving it is oblignatory, provided that the property is of a certain amount, and has been in possession eleven months: the portion given varies according to the nature and amount of the property; but is generally a fortieth part thereof, or of its value; i. e. two and a half per cent.:] it is thus termed [for the reason assigned above; or] as being a cause of the hope of increase, (M,b, ErRhShib, TA,) or as causing the soul, or person, to thrive, or grow, by means of good things and blessings [procured thereby], or tor both of these reasons. (Er-Riglhib, TA.) ¢X1 1. [The alms of the breahing of the fast, given at the end of Ramad&n,] is obligatory upon every person of the Muslims, the free and the slave, the male and the female, the young and the old, the poor and the rich; and purifies the faster from unprofitable and lewd discourse: it consists of a Etl [q. v.] of dates, or of barley, [or of raisins or some other ordinary kind of food,] or half that quantity of wheat. (El-Jlmi' e-agheer, voce alj.) [The pl. is ,l~tJ.]_ Also, [as being an attribution of purity or gooldness or righteousness,] Praie. (lAth, TA.) - And The pure, or best, part of a thing: (1l, TA:) on the authority of Aboo-'Alee. (TA.) Wt5j an inf. n. of 1 [q. v.]. ( .) See S, also the next preceding paragraph, in two places. Also [The increase of the earth; or] the fruits caused to come forth by God. (TA.) i. q. t lj, (Akh, ?,) which signifies Increafing [&c., as act part n. of Ij, q. v.]: (Iam p. 722:) [and growing, or thrivin]: applied in this sense to a boy. (Akh, {.) j 1 i in the kur xix. 10 means [A boy] pure from sins: or growing, or increasing,in goodnes and righteoutsne: (BDl.) or purified by nature: or such as haull in thefuture become purified. (TA.) And ;- 5 LU1 in the l]ur xviii. 73 means [A soul, or person,] purefrom sins: some read V413; but the former is more forcible: [or,] accord to AA, t the latter means that has never sinned: and the former, that has sinned and then been forgimn. (Bi.) [Or] .'J J..j signifies A good, or righteous, man: and the pl. is i,l.j. (Mqb, V,* TA.) And also A man enjoying, or leading, a plentiful, and a pleaant or an easy, and a soft or delicate, life: pl. as above. (I, TA.) _- And iEm Aju lan (TA in art Ubj.)

A3i - i duces the word to its original form: ~Sj vulgar and wrong. (Mgb.) Jl, amd its femrn. places. is

1241

a5&j:

see u

J, in three

I

. S

J1l

;

L l

-.

.jil lMore, or most, profitable: (Bd in ii. 232:) or better, or best: (Jel ibid:) more, or most, pure: (Bd in xxiv. 28:) more, or most, lanful, (Bd and Jel in xviii. 18,) and good, or pleasant: or more, or most, abuntlant and cheap. (BO ibid.) See also tbj as a noun.

u.j 1. lbj, ( aor. o,) CSj inf. n. , i q. Sj, aor. . , as meaning It increased, or augmented; (Lh, ISd, 1, e TA;) and producedfruit:

(TA:) and uSj3 signifies thdie same. (Q1.) Also He thirsted. (Th, 1I.) 5: see above; and see art. .bj. : see art.-j5.

1.,eij, [third pers. jj,] aor. J.; (e, ;) inf. n. oJ, and 4ij, [third per likewise 0j,] aor. JC; or pi
(Fr, , , ;) in£ n. JjSi, (Lh, , ,) which is of the former verb, ($,) and 1j, (Lb, 15,) also of the former verb, (Mqb,) and Jj, and t [or, accord. to the ?, this is a simple subst.,] and

(S in the present art.,* and in art. kjA.,* and art. ;;, but in this last with ;j in the place of jy, and TA,) [i. e Verily they hamve, in the year of little rain, (thus 3 1Jl, as here used, is expl. in the $ in art. tj,) and in the panding along lightly to the place which is the object of the journey, and in the bsing remowod from a tract which they have depastursd to a place in which is pasture, (thus j;~-l, as hcro used, is expl. in the $ in art. SLo,) the tending of a matter honest in his conduct, or desirous of their good, benevolert, or compauionate]: he is sleask ing of his camels: (g in art. j :) he means that they pas along lightly [so I render .jJ] from place to place in search of herbage: and MI, means the place to which they purpose journeying. ($.) -[Hence,] . t,'His l'if went, or passed, [or glided,] away. (], TA.) J.~.aJl Jj, (1, Mb,* 1M ,) aor.,, (, M#b,)

/'i4j

(L=, 1) and aJ.*, (V,) [all app. of the

(Good,fat

thA

St.J [generally meaning Of, or relating to, poor-rate] is the reL n. of 3ISj; like as
is that of
.; beewu

~-

the reL n. re-

former verb,] and jj, (Fr, S, 9J,) which is of the latter verb; (Fr, ;) Thou slippedst (l) in mud, or in speech, (g, V,) or in judgment, or opinion, from t.l JjI meaning "I gave to him" of or in religion: (TA:) or you say, 4ji * , food &c., should signify He took, or receiwd: aor. , inf. n. jj [. as above] ;and j, aor. and hence the aying of the lawyers,, 1 4 J[ , in. n. Jij; the former verb of the class of ~ lj l And he shaU take, or receive, of the food <,; have knowledge of permission, or conent]. and the latter, of the class of ,3; mean- [if he ing he, or it, moved away, or aside, [or lipped,] (M,b.) _i. q. J; [app. u meaning He, or from his, or its, place: and ;J ) or it, was made, or rendered, thin, or sdender]. (IA%r, TA.) a1>, Ji, *or. like in£ n. X13, he made a 2: se the next paragraph, near its end. dlip, or mistake, i his peech, or his action. (M,b.) :i ' 4, in the lur ii. 205, means But 4. 1jl,(J,) inf. n. j!jl, (TA,) re, or it, if ye turn awaay, or aside, from entering thereinto made him, or caused Aim, to slip in mud, (], fully: (Jel:) this is the common reading: but TA,) or in speech, or in judgment, or opinion, some read> . (TA.) And you say, j 5 e or in religion; (TA ;) and 1 dj.,I signifies the committed a alip in speech and the like. (TA.) same. (C,' MA, ], P?. [But respecting this Accord. to IAth, J 5j signifies The passing of a latter, see what followL]) It is said in the aur body from one place to another: and - hence it (ii. 34], ti. tLj:1I L;'J [And tAe Devil made is metaphorically used in like manner in relation them, or cased tAem, both, to slip, or fall, from to a benefit: one says, ha . t1 '' J3 it, namely, Paradise (1qJI)]; and one reading is inf. n. Jkj, meaning t A benefit pased, or was l,Jll, i. e. remoed tem: or, as some sy, it transferred,fromhim, (i. e. a benefactor,) to uch means caused them to commit a dip, or mrong a one. (TA.) -i, inf. n, and j3j, also action, in consequence of it [referring to the tree]: or, accord. to Th, caused them to slip in judgsignifies He (a man) passed alongquickly: (ISh, t :) and j, in£ n ,, he ran: and 1 ,a ment. (TA.) And in the same, iii. 149, ,.j,'j light, or an agile, walking or pacing: (TA:) ;Ut,JI The Devil made tAem, or caued tAhm, to slip: (Jel:) or, as some say, sought to make [and Jj, mentioned above as an inf. n., seems to tAem commit a slip, or wrong action. (TA.) have the same, or a similar, signification :] a jljL4 ji; He sent for. rAjiz says, (?,) namely, Aboo-Mobammad El. One says also, ward shud a one to the people, or party. (TA.) ]adhlemee, (TA,) or Aboo-Mobammad ElFa1'asee, (0,) _ And tl; X jl He made him to turn from 156 ·

(e, g,) or J.j, (Mb,) The dirhema, 4 of money, pour d out, or forth: (i:) or ,wre, or becamn, de~fcint in weight. (g, M;b,* 9.)-_j, in. n. jj, (C,) said of a man, (TA,) [and app. of a wolf, (see 3jJ,)] He mwa, or became, light [ofJish] in the hips, or haunches: (1 :) or J3j signifies a woman's having little Jeh in the posteriors and thigAt. (c.) '-, aol. 0J, accord. to analogy, u an intrans. .,

J

.,

J

124 Ais opinion. (MA.) - And as j signifies the "passing " of a body from one place to another, one may, speaking metaphorically, (IAth, TA,) a1 l t He did to him a befit: (, i., lAth, V :) whence, (TA,) it is mid in a trad., Hj =0 . t He to whoe a ;&·.· &i Ibnefit is done [let Aim be gratefl for it]. (A'Obcyd, $,* Mgh, MNb.) And aJJ i, , j1 t I did to Aim a beofit : one should not ay .JUj ,]. [thus written, app. for V AJ: but see (TA.) And .'Jl ".i1 [alonejt I gae to Aim: or I did to Ain. a befit. (M 9b.) And 'ij! nlty:] was, or became, in a state of motion, commotion, &c.: (Mqb:) the verb in this phrase [and in others] is quasi-pass. of R. Q. 1. (?, TA.) ,JjJij His ul reciprocated in Aid And 'chetat dath. (TA.)

[Boox I. length of a finger, generally arked it yello rpots; and selling in water uch as 'is trmed J')JI L..] - Hence, [it is aid to be] applied to water, as meaning Cool, or cold: (TA:) or, so applied, sreet: (g:) or rnt, clear, or limpid, pure, easy in its dcent, that slip into the throat; S also ,Jjyjj: (TA:) or quick in its descmt and paxrage in tah throat, (Q,0TA,) cool, or cold, snwet, clear, or limpid, easy in its dscent; ( .).... as also IF)j and tJ'Vj and djjj. And Clear,as applied to anything. (TA.) Jijj: see Jj: and see also

8lippty: (f:) a place in which one slips; and (];) and Jij signifies the same; (f,];) V JI [likewise, i. e.] a place in which the foot
slip. (TA.) You say *U.. and $Ij,

Ji

jj

;1; and t ij, and

[A standing-place] in wheich

one slips. (V.)

And

jj

il.j

and ?JJ

,sA,A&I "

slippery [sloping slide or rolling-place &c.].

A ($.)

jaj.

;

' t I gae to imn of thefood [See also ji.]

Jj: asee j.j.__ Abo [The hind of sweet

and other things. (I]g{, TA.) And . &,1 Jjl J A slip (9, Mqb,* ]) in mud, or in speech; ' E. t He gapa to Ain som~hat of Ait due. a subt. from 1 meaning as expl. in the first senjit He drewforthfrom (9, ~;) And 'a) tence of this art.; (9, ;) as also t eQlj: (9: Aim a b~ t. (TA.) [but this latter is mentioned by Lt and in the l~ 10: se 4, in two place. asan inf. n.:]) a slip, or lapse; (]n;) a fault. a P. Q. L ),* (, M9b, g, &c.,) inf. n. ;3 wrong action, a mnistake, or an error; (M9 b, ] ;) or a sin, or crime; (!,0 TA ;) a faU into sin or and Jlij and J0j and J;j, (I,) or the first of crime. (Mqb in art. jc.) One says, J4.l J; thme is an in£. n. [by universal consent], (9,) and so is the Meoond, but the third is a simple sub·t, m.~ iaUIj The man [made a foul slip; or] fell (Zj, g, M9b,) though this and the fourth [which into the commission of a disapproved, or hateful, is the lnout known] have the authority of certain or foul, act; or committed an ecorbitant, an readings of pages of the l]ur, namely, xcix. 1 abominabl, or afoul, mistahee whence the trad., [We seek protection by ' for both of these, and xxxiii. 11 for the latter of _tWJ AJ1 > i. Ji; them, (TA,) He put it, or kim, into a state of 6God from the slip of the learned man]: and the motion, commotion, or agitation: (Myh, ], TA:) well-known maying, djWl £ij ,IlJ aj [The slip or into a state of conuioen, or violnt motion. of the learned man iu the slip of the world at I'6 (Zj, TA.) You say, A,j'1 37i jj [i.e. God large]. (TA.) - A benfit, or good action; made the earth to quake: or to quake violently:] (Mgh,ag;) as also t J; (1V:) a g.ft. (Msb.) (8:) [or] put the arth into a state of conulsion, - A feast, or repaqmst, that is preparedfor guests. ; or iolkut notio. (Zj, TA.) And 0jji . I' [Such (Lth, O, Msb.) One says, lj He came with, or brought, the camels, driving a one made, or prepared, a feast for guuts]. , violenc, or tvAmence. (Lth, 0, Myb.) Hence, (Lth, TA,) it is also a ith roughnet the~m l . J{ (TA.) Some say that Iij is from name for Food that is carrisedfrom the table of [i. e. "the making a slip in judgment, or opi- one's friend or relation: a word of the dial. of j j the mean- E!-'Ir4: (Lth, M9 b, V:) or in this sense it is a nion"]: so when one mays,diIl ing is, T'A peopl, or party, were turned away vulgar word, (], TA;) used by tihe common from thAe right course, and fear as cast into people of El-'Ir4 (TA.) And i. q. ~,, [as meaning A ma,iago-feast]. (ISh, Az, Myb, ].) their harts. (TA.) It is said in a trd., .ji the marriage-feast of such a one]. (ISh, Az, put to flight, tAe combinedforcs, and] make their state of affairs to be unound, or unsettled. (TA.) Mqb, TA.) Accord. to IAmb, L),01%JI :4cf means An aJj:see 3Jj. ~ Also A straitened state of the af~rigAting bqfl tih people, or party; from the breath [unless be a mistranseription for t,Iij W1l the ;oul, which I think not improbable]. (2.) ying in the mur [ii. 210], j,h j:.,1, i.e. And they ,rere ao,ffrighted [o that the 3J Stone: or smootA ston: (]:) pl. JJj. Apostle aid]: (L, TA:) or seecehemently (TA.) ;l W -- agitated. (Ksh, Bd.) - i,.. uJI, s it is written in the ex- jij an inf. n. of 1, [q. v,] (Fr, S, M,b,],) in [or .~,:1 L.* planation of this saying, the latter being app. the two [or three] sense. (1.) _ See also in right reading], said by Aboo-Shembel, means I four places. - Also A defjiciency: so in the er, water saying, )i,j hav not put into my troat,orfawc, 1jk. ) [In its weight uis a de, dipping into it cooer than the ~ter of thA J [or ficiency]. (Lb, .) A pool lefi by a torrent in tAe sawde of a mountain]. Aj certain animal, of small, white body; (As, TA.) awhich, when it dies, is put into wrater, and renders It wa, or became, in a state of it cool, or cold: (TA:) (Golius describes it as a R. Q. 9. Jj) motion, commotion, agitation, conelkion, or vio- morm that is bred in mnow; of which Aristotle ,ay,;'6. speaks in his Hist. Animalium, L *. 19; and he lent motion. (M,b, TA.) YOU (0, Myb, TA) The eartk [quaked: or quaked vio- adds,. on the authority of Dmr, that it is of the

food calleJd] U [q. v.]. (ggh, k.)
j,o gj, an arabicized word from the Pers. (16 in art.' Jj, in the Ca .i, ["a sort of woollen blanket,"] A carpet; syn. ite: (]' in the present art.:) a certain sort of 1. [or carpets, said by Golius to be generally woollen and villows, but by Freytag to be woollen but not villotu]: (Mqb:) [in Johnson's Pers. Arab. and Engl. Diet. expl. as meaning a coewrlet of woollen, nwithout a pile, nitAer striped nor painted:] pL &',). (t M, lb,~.)

and pj, and MF adds tP, u3 CfJ (TA,) Household-goods; or utess and frniture u, lso j3. (Sh, ;) as of a house or tent; ( TA.) jl3 Light, or agile; (TA;) as also (IAr, TA:) the former applied as an epithet to a boy, or young man. (TA.) [See also jJ-j.] - And A skilful player on the drumn. (Fr, I.)

t'j:

Al-j: see what next followL

Jj;[Motion, commotion, agitation, convlbion,
or violent motion; and particularly an earthquake, or a violent earthquake;] a subst. from R. Q. 1: (Zj , Myb :) or an inf. n. of R. Q. 1, as also ,j!jJ and Olj. and t jJ [which laut is often used as a simple subst., as such having for its pi. Jj'j~, and is expL in Jel xxii. 1 as signifying a wiolent earthquake]. (1.)

3)j; :,ij:

.> I

Le. [0 God, rout, defeat, or So in the saying, '

j. 41

1 [lVe we at

Jj3j Light, or active, (g, TA,) in spiritand
body; (TA;) acute, sharp, or quick, in intellect; clever, or ingenious. (L, TA.) [See also J~j.] Conflict, or - Lightneu, or activity. (s.) fight, and ovil condition. (Sb, g.) One says, ' -; 3 C(Ac. h)i.e. [I q,;; *01Jj ~.fiI left the pcopl, or party,] in con,lict, or figt, and eil condition. (Sh, TA.) jjyj [a pl. of which the sing. is not mentioned,] D1iflcultiec; ($, TA;) trial/,troubles, or a.iction; (]~,TA;) and terrors, or cauts of

j,

fear. (TA.) [See also jlj.]
sw: ee

j*j, in two places.

Boor 1.] k.* One who bestows mnany benefits (, jlj Dcficient in neight,; applied to a dirhem, ! , TA,) and to a deenar: (TA:) pl. and gifis. (TA.) (, Mlb, (bMlb,) or j3j. (TA.) One says, jC YJ, TA)

1243
.J, as an epithet applied to a plaoe, (0, TA,)

Slippery; syn. [;j and]

[like tj ; as also [jj;

. .J , ]5) and 5 .j. (TA.)-8ee also 1.5
[Explained by Freytag u meaning "Quod aliquis in jaculando multum tollit manum, ut majori vi mittat telum," on the authlority of Meyd, it is app. a mistranscription for j, q. v.; or it may be a dial. var. of the latter.] j: -- ee the next preceding paragraph. j3 smooth rocks; (1 ;) beoause the feet slip from them. (TA.) :j; [in measure and moaning], like (TA,) applied (Q, TA,) andm Vj, 'It;j, and? to a she-camel, Quick, or fi.ft, (], TA,) in lace, orjoutrneyiny: or, as sonic my, that quickly finishes in being milked. (TA.)
,Jj,

J:J ~i'; [Of tly deendra are such as are deficient in wreigt, and of them are such ]j and i and 1. Ti, aor. ;, inf. n. as are offull weight]. (TA.) and he pace: gentle a He nent and t* .jl; j signifies See also walked, or ran, quickly: (L:) or Jj, Quick, or sn.ft. (lAyr, .) ,j..i._ Also Light [of ~esh] in the hips, or the being quick in going and in other things: and haunches: (AA, 8, ] :) and haring little .~sh in the going quickly: (TA:) and 1AQj, the adthe posteriors and thigs; or haring mall but- vioncing, or preceding, (0, ], TA, l quickly, (0,) tocs stic.ing together; syn. rwj; (M, TA;) in or in jurneying: (TA: [see also i ij :]) or, as the copies of the K, erroneously, etl: (TA:) or some say, the going a gentle pace. (TA.) You (s* say of a she-camelj, aor. :, inf. n. J' it signifies one who is nore than .jI; as though she did TA;) whose waist-rorapper wiU not retain its She went sniftly, [appearing] her les by reason of her rtifnes. move not applied to a ],) hold: (TA:) fem. .3j, (Q, occurring in a verse of (Lth, TA.) And ,Jj woman; i. q. :1: (:) or having no buttockh: to draughlts of referring [app. Dhu-r-Rummeh, means The ,olf that water,] is expl. as meaning They descended quickly pl. Jj. (TA.) JAgl t..JI and thighs, (.2Jl into the entrance of the gullet, by reason of vehehas little flesh in the begottea betiuen mence of thirst. (TA.) You say also, Jj bjo,) r;u,/L' , in the 1 t-1 His foot sliplmd; as aleo .. Jj. (AZ, L the wolf and the she-hyena; (s, ]; [thie words j .i , inf. n. AJI.s jUMi' i1.' t, here immediately following and TA in art. tJj.) And

;jX) 43

rwmp

3j:

t seeeo

.

in the C4 silould be erased; their proper place and ~eJ, He, or it, passed, going lightly upon being in the second of the lines below in that the ground. (Q, Ji.) And, of an arrow, edition, where they are again inserted; as observed [app. It goes along lightly upon 11 I)%e. is inby Freytag;]) and this epithet (jj) [app. meaning . : the ground]: and 1q.JjL separable: (?:) or, accord. to IAth, J,1I priJ, aor. ;, inf n. l marily signifies the mall in the buttock: and a. the same]. (TA.) And . ~ an epithet applied to the wolf, the liylht, or active; The arroofell upon the ground, i and li, ran." " he signifying and it is said to be from tj and did not go straight to the animal at which it a wa shot. (TA. [See also pj.])-_ j aor. , _ .. (TA.) It is said in a prov., ~.-JI , J3yS [He is more quick of heating than the also signifies He escapedfrom difficulties, trovthat is lban in the rum)p and thigh_s; or than the bles, or distreses. (TA.) - And He dranh.rcieliglht, or active, L_] (, TA.) - 4j pi 1A mently of anything. (TA.)_ See also 4. botw frmnswhich the ar w. dlips, by retson qf the

Quzick, or srrif; (IB;) as alo tJ, applied to anytdlinj. (yam p. 714.) See also ;.J,j [.And see ;jt3] _ An arrowr, such as is

called

,that

lii

('

) quickly from the

hand, (i, TA,) or from the boyw. (TA.) Soe to a well, i. q. tj [q. ,.]. _ Applied Al. also 31 5 A far-erteading, ) _. -. (TA in art. lmg [stage ofa journey]; (Lb, i ;) as also j. . (L4, ] in art. jj, and TA. [In &heCI, in thlis art. and in art. JIj, £i: in my MS. colpy of the

1Xj,, wbhich ]g, in this art., LA.; but in art. is the right reading. Sec also ~;j.]) So in the
saying, lq-0jl i,L. U;w [lI*e jopurneyed a farextending, long stage]. (Lh, TA.) j: ee .)J: -and its fem., with *: see

rapidity ,vith which it goes forth. (V].)

2. 3, inf. n.

51,

He uttered, and made

current, his words, or speech, (], TA,) and an ode, or an oration. (TA.) - And -' J signifies is is J]!s] it that edition copy of in my a sbut also The striving to retain life with a bare sufa word uttered on the occasion of the AijJj, (so iciency of the mans of sbsistence; _.jl being in copies of the It,) or on the occuions of j'Ij: (].) 1.iij.l, %i A expL by ai. 1 (so in the TA:) [app. an ejaculation expressive of made the arrow tofall upon ; , p.l ,tHe 4 alarm, or of distress: the Turkish translator of the V thinks that it is originally jijt, contrated and the ground, and not to go straight to the animal altered in the vowels for the p;rpose of alleviating at which it was shot. (TA. [See also 4 in art. the utterancoe on account of the straitness of the Jj.]) -- A11l He cosed, or madefast, the ;Jj time:] but IJ says that a word of four radical door with tAe Lf3 [q. v.]; (,* ;) as also letter does not receive an augmontative like this (TA. [See, again, 4 .MJj, (],) inf. n... u an initial; and holds it to be, as to the letter t ne, .3.]) in art. e. "strai Jjl31 [i. from and the meaning, distreus," &e.], and of the measure JmaL. (TA.) 5. 6 j3 He, or it, sippemd, or si along or 'R: se the next paragraph [Its primary dona; syn. J1j3: ($, TA:) his foot slipped. One says of signification is probably A cauw of lipping: (KL. [See also 5 in art. tJJ.])

J;fji

[snidl by Freytag to be written in the C]~

.i:

sae

t,j.

-

Also An arrow that slips

(.Fd,or

.

[see 5]) fromn the bow; ($,

;)

and so t Lj [q. v.]: (] :) or an arrow that is shot by the archer, and fall short of the butt, striking violently upon a rock, and bounding up from it to the butt: but such is not reckoned

,.pL.: ('AHeyth, TA: [see also iJI:]) and t .. J, as though an inf. n. used as an epitihet, an
arrow that fallUs upon the groundi, and does not go straight to the animalat whirit it is shot. (TA.) - Also Escaping from dlffiedties, troubles, or distresses. (Ig.) - And Drnking vehemently (1~) of anything. (TA.)

oompare "i4'

and ~.. &cc.]

j~

and ' ;tj,,

(C,M,b, ,)

the former the

more chiste, (Mqb,) the latter mentioned by AA, (TA,) A slippery place; (0, Mlb, V, TA;) such u a smooth rock, and the like; and such the l!.e is said to be. (TA.) [8ee also Jj.] former in also an iDf. of 1 [q. v.]. (].) The

['. ~, written in Freytag's Lex. .J,, there expl. as meaning Quickly, or swifily, passing; on [It slips the authlority of the Deew&n el-HIudhaleeyeen.] ; . J or an arrow, . , from the bow]. (g and ~, accord. to different in quantity or nusmr: ( ) a miallm Also He pers~d, or persited, in copies.) mean, paltry, mall, or little, gift: ($, TA :) one dri~tng the beverage called J-, (I,4, ,TA,) hlat is imperfect, or in/omplete: and anything and wine; (L4, TA;) like .J. (TA.) that is not done superlativly, eceUntly, con. 7: see 1, first sentence: - and seo also 5 and ammately, thoouwghly, or soundly: (TA:) any91 , and thing low, bas, vile, w~, paltry,inconiderable,

124 Love him to dlip: see its pa. part. n., below.] J. (.. [in the Cg, erroneously, ,.]) that is not See also a verse cited voce ;. pare, or not genuine. (]4.) Ilaving little taste. 4. . tJjl He, or it, made his foot to slip. (yam p. 404.).- Small in body. (yam ibid.) (A, TA.) _ [Hence,] /,JI tJjl t [He made the .And hence, (Ilam ibid.,) A man (g) defcitent, or dqfective, (J, lIam,) in manlines, or manly arror to slide along upon the ground: see 1, third yirtue or moral goodnesw, (Ijam,) and weak: sentence]. (A, TA. [ee also 4 in art. .j.])(TA:) or defective in make: and deficient in jl He H cled, or made faJt, the door with prudence, or discretion, and precaution, or sound the [q. v.]. (A, TA.) You say, [so in my judgment, or firmness of mind or of judgment: tim copy of the A, but app. it should be "you do not (TA:) and niggardly. (1.) - One who is consay,"] ,lt t .Jjl when you require, for opening sociated with a people, not being of them: (f, 1, it, a key. (A. [See, again, 4 in art..Jj.]) TA:) or, as some say, i q. a [i. e. one whose origin, or lineage, is suspected; or an adopted 5. tJ3 [He, or it, slipped, or did along or son; &dc.. (TA.) -Also Lifo striven to be re- down]: see 1, first sentence: and see ij. [8ee tained ( wl1) ith a bare sujicicwy of the also 5 in art. Ij.] umm of subsistece. (TA.) A slippery place,from whAich the feet slip *.. (1, g) and t j () [A hind of latch, because of its moistness (8, K) or its smoothness; or sliling bolt; like o and ;] a Athing (V;) for it is [like smooth rock, or is] smooth rock; (?, TA;) as also ' &j. (1.) And one lik the] t jh , except that it is opened with the hand, whereas the oJ")t is not to be opened save says also t.j' ii, [using the latter word as a corwith the key: (9, I :) a wooden thing by means roborative]. (TA.)_.It is also an inf n. used as of which one closes or makesfast [a door]: (Iam an epithet; (TA;) meaning t Slippery; ($, A, p 704; in explanation of the former word:) so TA;) applied to a standing-place, (?,) or to a called because of the quickness with which it place [absolutely]; (A, TA;) like ; ($, TA ;) slips (1t~ m'ji' l lJ): but ISh describes the as also t . (A, TA. [In this sense, tJ3 is kind of ':IP used by the people of El-Barah said in the A to be tropical: app. because it is an u having a crooked iron key, which slips into a in. n. used as an epithet.]) It is also applied to a hole in the door, by meant of which the door is well ( .?), meaning Smooth and slippery at its locked: pl. (TA.) ~ Also the former top [or mouth], so that he who stands upon it word, applied to a woman, Having littlelesh in slips into it; (TA;) and sot * j, ($, TA,) and hAr posteriori, or posteriorsand thighs; or having Cj3. (TA.) Also The limit, or extrenme limit, small buttocks, sticking together; syn. ,'; . to which an arrow is shot: (?, K :) a raijiz says, or contemptible. (Q. [See also tJj.])-

[Booz I. .j3: see 5Jj. - Alo A quick, or nift,sbe. camel. (TA. [See also 3'. -1 And 13 [i. e. c, see Cj3J,] A long,far,eztending [dage of ajourney]. (TA.) tJ : see the next paragraph.

3j A sloping slide (i

8, 0 dow

,Aj, hic
'.j

children slide. (S. [In one copy of the 8, t

3

tl;,Il t.: in two other copies, and in a;: one of these,4i is put in the place of ;e.]) Also t A pain that attacks in the back, (A, J,) rwhich consequently becomes hard, or rigid, and rough, (t,) depriving one of the power of motion (A, }) by reason of its violence: (A:) and some pronounce the word VLLJj, without teshdeed to the J; and some, erroneously, with .: (TA:) or it is a disease khat attacks in the back and the side: (ISd, TA:) [and tJ appears to signify the same, or to be a coll. gen. n.: for] AA cites the following verse:
· ,

[app. meaning, And I have become, aftergoodliness of stature, or symmnetry, or justness of proportion, protuberant in theibreast and hollow in tihe bach; and tine has produced, in mny back, pain that de. prives me of the power of motion]. (?, TA.) t: c t A eehement [,ace of the kind termed] &;! [q. v.]. (TA.) 8;j S An arrow that slides along ( the ground, and then penetrate. also CJ.l)
u)

5j..

upon

(0,!g.)

(A, TA. [See

1. 4..) 'J, aor.

inf.. n

j,

Hisfoot

slipped; (AZ, A,L,TA;) like c-,Jj; (AZ, L,
TA;) as also t* J. (A.) _[Hence,] one says of water, ;iljal tJ, t [It slipped, or slid down, from the rock]. (A, TA.) And of an arrow, ff 4;;&1 i :r[It [ sides along upo th ground; thMn penetrates]. (A, TA. [Sce also '.j.]) And 4. * t lie lastened, or was quick, in his going, or gait. (A, TA.) [See also 1Jj·.] And tJi

)

;*ib

O> It 1spech dippedfrom his mouth].

(A.)_

;t, &&Jj, aor.

inf. u.

[app. meaning From a hundred fathoms, a limit, or an extreme limit, to which one shoots with a long four-feath~red arrow rising in its flight so as to wceed the usual limit; from three hundred to four hundred cubits being said to be the limit, or extreme limit, to which an arrow is shot; and Jl being used by poetic license for JIb]: ( :) or, accord. to ADl), JJ here signifies the furthest limit to which an arrow is shot by him who endeavours to shoot it to the utmost distance: or, accord. to Lth, the raiing the hand, or arm, in shooting an arrow to the furthet possible distance: so says Az; who adds that he had not heard this last explanation on any other authority than that of Lth, but hoped it might be correct. (L, TA.) [See also '..]

ojr , applied to a man, Mean, ungenerou, or 3ordid; [as though] repelled, and made to slip, from generosity:- and hence, applied to living, or sustenance, or means of subsistence, and to a gift, mean, paltryj, scanty, or defcient. (A, TA. [Sec also .])

t. ? [A khind of latch, or liding bolt; also
called ' q. v., and j . ;] a thing with which doors are madefast without its being [itself] man fast [or locked]. (A, TA.)

(TA,) i. q. `- [He pirced him, or thrust him, la: see the next preceding paragraph, in two with the pointed ironfoot of the spear]; ( ;) u place. also (TA.)-And 'Ij, inf. n. j, ),j: see - Jj, below. He broke his ad so as to slit, or ela, the IiUj and *1Ji tThe advancing, or preshin; syn. a. (Kr, TA.) Jj, aor.:, (1,) ceding, accord. to the .y, in going, or gait, but inf. n. Jj, (TA,) He wm, or beame, fat. (i.) accord. to the parent-lexicons, in haste, or quickly; .n.J,j is said of eamelb, meaning They were, or as also q.1Jj [i.e. iQ. j, which is an in£. n.; became, fat. (TA.) and in like manner ql'j and I' Jj, accord. to A ~'A torrent tha is copiou, and impdd 2. i 4 j, in. n. i, j, sead i, or rendered the T]V, are inf. ns., of which the verb is in its eralparts, or portion, by th impetus of it, smootA. (].).. [And app. He, or it, mad# aor. 1; though it is more probably ']. (TA.)

4j.

4t

(i,) in. n. (@in art. sj,) of a torrent, It was, or became, aid copious, and impelled in its evcrad parts, or portions, by the impetu of one part, or portion, acting upon another. (S, V.) Accord. to the $, and A[lei, the J is augmentative; [as it is said with equal reason to be in a A ;] but accord. to the ]1, it is radical, and therefore this is its proper place, not art. j. (TA.) . Also i q. hj!G, [q. v.,] said of hair. (TA in art. ,iJ.)And ,Jr,;I ,.ijl The clouds were, or becam, dene, or thick. (i.)
Q. 4. 4.u.

,X;1,

,

Boox I.] one part, or portion, acting upon another, ($ in art. .&j, and }l, and TA,) havilg mnuch rubbish or many small particles or fragments [borne on its surface]. .TA.) [See also l l.] so a dial. var. of ,-ij.., [q. v.,] applied to a young bird. (TA.)

ji-

1.i

1245

him, or it], (Mgh, .K,) and 1.. [which means the same, as after 6t> &e.]: (TA, and ]Har p. 452:) [and ~Jj and I/j, in£ n. app. .ij and JiJj, signify thile same: for] you say also, jl ,.j?

v.j

Q. 4. ;Jj!, said of a young bird, Its feathers came forth: (S in art. ,4.j, and ] :) or its feathers bey!an to come forth, (Ltll, TA,) befuore their becoming black. (TA.) Alsni said of plumage, It began to come forth. (Lth, TA.) And said of hair, (. in art. wj, and 15,) as also dJjI, (TA,) It grew^ forth after having been shaven: (S, ] :) it began to grow forth, soft: and said of the hair of an old man, i. q. 4Ajl [it was, or berame, donwny]. (TA.) Accord. to the ., and A;Iei and Igtt and others, it belongs to art. A, like as 4,j! is held by them to belong /i0j:see its necus. case voce lWj, near the end to art. .. ji; biut accord. to thile , the J is radical, of the parn,rpllh. and therefore this is its proper place. (TA.) j A meadow; syn. Lb.j; (TS, i;) and so v ;aj: (IB, TA:) thus the latter is expl. as occurrint, in a trad. relating to Ya-jooj and Ma-jooj, 1. .jj: see 2: ~and see also 8, in three places. in which it is said, ; J.!._i 1Jm 4ii J, e ,, J -M .k ,., z ewj (0, TA,) in£ n 2 j, (O,) e (lid it a05J)LS l.H ; [T en God nill send rain, previously, or beforehand; namely, a thing; and it wiU wash the earth so that it will leave (IApr, O, TA;) as, for instance, an evil action; it like the mcadow]: but in this instance, several (O, TA ;) and so t d/j; (lAqr, TA ;) syn. ,aJ~l, other meanings are assigned to it: see W3j below. (O, TA,) and &.2. (IApr, O, TA.) _- j (TA.) ,.lI, inf. n. as above, lIe disquieted, or agitated, _iJj: see aiij, in two places: ~and see also the people, step by step: (Ibn-'Abbld, Z, O, TA:) Wj, in five places. accord. to Z, said of a guide. (TA.) - ) .. j d, .L, (inf. n. as above, k(,) lie added, or ex%i.j: see its accus. case voce 1hj, near the end aggeratedl, in his discourse, or narration; (IDrd, of the paragraph. O, I ;) as also J;. (IDrd, O.) aWj i. q. a& [i.e. Nearness, with respect to 4. Ujl le madfe, brought, or drew, him, or it, rank, degrec, or station]; (8, Mgh, O, Msb, ;) (namely, a tlhing, TA,) near. (M,Mgh, Mgb, TA.) as also t ij4 , (S, Mgh, O, Msb,) and V~jj. (IDrd, O, ].) [It would seem that it means also Hence, in the ]ur [xxvi. 90 and 1. 30], .,Jjlj "..A.Ii aj·.i And Paradise shall be brought Nearnes with respect to place or situation: for SM immediately adds,] hence, in the J~ur [lxvii. 27], near to the pious: meaning, accord. to Zj, that [as though meaning But when they their entrance thereinto shall become near, and iaj j1l %i_, shall me it in a state of nearness: but] Zj says their view thereof. (TA.) [4 t ?)j also signithat the meaning is, but when they shall see it fies tie same as ,iJjl (agreeably with analogy); and several as is shown by what here follows:] it is said in a (i.e. the punishment) near (l.j): authors say that ij; is sometimes used in the trad. of Mobammad El-BDA4ir, t J1 ,.& , IG sense of 4.1, as is stated in the 'Inayeh. (TA.) il _ i.j1ir jj k..jUj3 [i. e. Tlhere is not reAnd Station, rank, grade, or degree; as also maining to thee, of thy life, save a pleasure that ' ILj, (., O, R., TA,) and t (TS, 5],) and brings thee near to thy predestined term]. (0, t .j;: (1, TA:) pl. of the first Ji.j: (S,' TA:) TA.) And t iljl means He, or it, brought him near to destruction. (TA.) _ Also ile collected or () t1j is a quasi-inf. n.; (S, ;) and such it together; (Msb, TA;) namely, a thing. (Mgb.) it is in the saying in the lpur [xxxiv. 36], tij Hence, in the gur [xxvi. 64], .Ns 1;i3 AJj 6-as . i3;ll Sjvjl . j ;t;1.; as [And re collected there the others]. (TA.) though meaning 4*.~i' [i.e. And neither your 5: see the next paragraph. riche nor your children are rvhat will bring you near to um in advancement: but here it may be 8. j!i, (Mgb, Mob,) originally ,U.j, (Myb,) well rendered, in station]: (S:) accord. to Ibnor lj, and ,, ( , L, ,) Heor thy, 'Arafeb, chij signifies the bringing rery near: approached, or drew near: (Mgh, O, L, Mb, (TA :) the saying of Ibn-EI-Tilimsanee that it is TA: in the ], ! is erroneously put for 1i: pl. of d is very strange, and unknown; the TA:) or (O, accord. to the V "and") ad,esd ; correct pl. of this last word being Jij. (MF, or mnt formard, or before: (, 0, s :) dJ [to TA.) _ Also A portion (S, g) of the jirst part

(O)of the night, (, ]g,) whether small or large: so accord. to Th: or, accord. to Akh, of the night absolutely: (TA :) pl. JIj and,Wj (., ]) and ;.jj and ;Wj: or .. j signifies the hours, or periods, (.AIL~,) of the night, commencing lie drew near to him, or it: and J tiJ TWVe from the daytime, and the hours, or periods, of advanced, or nrentforward, to him, or it: (TA:) the daytime, comtnencing from the night: ( :) and .iJj significs the act of advancing, or going (TA.) A I j t jj;, in forward, (A'Obeyd, S, TA,) fiom place to place; and its sing. is Wi&i. the .Kur [xi. 1107], means And ai sunset and nightas also lij. (TA.) One says, j.J , I ~d>jl fall (the ,jAi and the o"t): (Zj, TA:) some i,jb The arrom approached, or drenw near, to read t Wj, with two .lammeils; which may be a such a thing. (M.sb.) And it is said in a trad., sinh., like.I; or a pl. of ibj, like uas is of S 4i t· -li, ill ii ii ;., with damm to the .a in each: (but this is meaning .^ [i. e., VWhen the sun declines from not a parallel instance; for t4 is a coll. gen. n. the meridian, then seek thou to draw near unto of which j is the n. un., and the latter is not God therein by means of the prayers, of tno of t!he same measure as aMj :] and some read rek'alu]. (TA.) See also 4, in two places. t j, which is a pl. [or rather coil. gen. n.] of ,uj: see ahj. WJ, like as ij is of ;j,; (.K, TA;) or pi. of

't,-b, like as

,.j

is of

,j, and

.

of

ffi: (TA:) and some read t g.Uj, in which the alif [written U.] is a denotative of tim fem. gender. (1, TA.) - See also the next paragraph. a;.: AW full [reservoir of water such as is calld] : (S, :) pl. [ol rather coll. gen. n.]

JiJ3: (v:) so, accord. to Sh, in the trad. mentioned voce jij: (TA:) or t Jj signifies full watering-trougs (lp,) as pl. [or coll. gon. n.] of aOj: (TA:) or a full watering-trough. (I.) Also A [bowl sucl as is called] _; (]g ;) and so t Uj; (Ibn-'Abbtd, i ;) of which the pl. is %.MJ: (TA:) or afall Aib.; and its pl. [or coll. gen. n.] is t .j. (Lth, TA.) Also A green [vessel of the kind called] l;l.: (s:) o says AO: pl. [or coil. gen. n.] r Jjtj; and ' Ji!j;. likewise signifies gren e stq.I [app. a an anomaloue pl. of aWj or of J1j, like as ,tl. is of 4.']; both, also, mentioned on the authority of AO. (TA.) - Also A mother-of-pearl'shell, or an oyster-shll; syn. ,.a.: (1:) ]5t says that aail, in the trad. mentioned above vooe j hua been expl. as meaning the ';t_., i. e. th/e ,,; but he adds, I know not this explanation, unlme a pool of water be called j~.. because the water returns (J..) to it and collects in it. (TA.)_ Also A smooth rockh: (1 :) so, too, said to mean in the same trad.: and some read 11AjJI. (TA.) And Rugged ground. (]g.) 'And Swept ground. (1s.) And An even partof a soft mountain. (i.) Pi. (K) [or rather coil. gen. n.] in all these scnses (TA) Jj. (].) _ See S also j. _ Also A mirror: (O, J: [in the CId, .d, is put in the place of l;JI:]) [like iiij :] mentioned by IB on the authority of Aboo-'Amr Ez-Z4hid, and by $gh on that of Ks: and so, too, it is said to mean in the trad. mentioned above; the earth being likened thereto because of its evennes and cleanness: (TA:) or theface thereof; (l ;) as is said by IAp. (TA.) hiij: see Mj, in four places.

Jij,

.jj

i4.

[A stago of a journey] far-~tm d.

1246 ing: (0, X :) so says IF. (O.)

J2i - -

[Boox I. [

[In the C1g, plucking out; not the shaving: but accord. to OfJ: see the next paragraph. Fr, one says of him who has shaved his head ,. ;; is erroneously put for +;i-] o~ JC,, (,,) or j'J [alone], (1,) which is alj, [whether with or without teshdeed is not aj Advancing; or going forward, or before. shown,] and ddjI. (TA.) originally an inf. n., (S,) and t .3j and * j (1) (0, . [It is said in the TA that °j lt as the 2. ,lj, [inf. n. d'j.,] H,I, made a place slip- and ti?;3 and t j and t*J , (?, 1, TA, explanation of j'lJlI is erroneously put in the [the last two erroneously written in the C[ copies of the 6 for : but this assertion is peoy, (, TA,) so that it became like the Li'5; o;'. and lil.,]) all signify the same; (];) A and thus too though there be no water therin. app. itself erroneous.]) See iJ, near the end of (TA.) - Accord. to the O and ], [the inf. n.] slippery place; a place on which the foot does not the paragraph. remain firm, or fCxed. (S, TA.) Hence, in the ,.3 also signifies The anointing the body with l5ur [xviii. 38], Wj l~, , i. e., [So that [.ijl expl. by Golius as on the authority of the oils and the like, so that it becomes like the i-;J.; it draU become] smooth ground, with nothinug in KL, and by Froytag after him,as meaning Parro to which is added in the O, and though it be it, or with no plants in it: or, accord. to Akh, naso pravditus ejusque recto ac paroo mucrone, is without water: but this is a confusion of two sxch that the feet shall not stand firmly upon it. a mistake for ,..Mi, thus written in my copy of meanings; one of which is the first expi. above in (TA.) A poet says, (TA,) namely, Mobammad this paragraph; and the other is, the anointing the KL.] the body with oils and the like; as in the L and Ibn-Beshecr, (yam p. 551,) [iij; and hUJt expl. by Freytag as meaning the Tekmileh. (tA.) - See also 4. - And see Copia porva, cactus hominaum pareus, as on the 1, last sentence.3Jd.Jl Oj He made the authority of El-Meyd&nee, are app. mistakes for iron thing to be alrays sharp. (].);J, iij end ,,Ujl.] inf. n. as above, lIe looked sharply, or intently, [Appoint for thy foi,t, befi,re the stepping. its also 2, place upon nwhich it shallfall, or, as in the inm M... Any tow,n (3;) that is b,ctncen the desert at him, or it. (Ez-Zejj4jee, TA.) -See last sentence, in art. W,a1. p. 522, simply its place, (Lt,a,)] for he who and the cultivated land: pl. .lAp: ( 1:) 9,* goes upon a slippery place, in consquence of the latter is ryll. ,ith j1 , signi'fying the towns 4. ijl He made him to dlip; as also vtj. inadvertence, slips]. (TA.) j also signifies (~¢s) that are between the clltirated land and (.) All the readers except those of El-Me- The rum, of a horse or similar beast. (S, 1, the dlsert; ( ;) or, between the desert and the deeneh read, tin the l1ur lxviii. 51 ; ,] 4 . TA.) j [i.e. ma or gsreat river]; such as El-Amber 1hlt ii DjsJ)~1lA4 1 > meaning [And sjJ: ee the next preceding paragraph. Apand El-glidiseeyeh. (M, TA.) - [The pl.] J!j.. erily those wiho have disbelieved] almost make plicd to a man, Quickly angry (0, ]) at what is also signifies PIlac of ascent; or steln, or stairs, thee tofall by their looking hard at thee, writh by which one ascends: (14 :) because thePy bring vehement hatred: so accord. to E!-'Otbee: or the said. (O) - And, (T, S, 1,) as also t ji (T, one near to the place to which he ascends. (TA.) meaning is, t [almost] smite thee with their [evil] S, and 1:in art. ;1j) and Xi.1 and ?lLj, (;, and V in art. jL.j,) applied to a man, (T, f,) - For the pl. 1, see also W. jeye: (TA:) [itis also said that] e. Uj ;j means he looked at such a one with tht lookh osfa Qui senn emittit qnum verba mulieri facit, sine person afficted with dipleasure, or anger: (1 :) congreuen: (T, TA:) or qui emnen emittit ante initum. (~,J~.) or so ~_:^djU )JI _ i: f (Jm, TA:) and 1. &Pj, aor.:, (1,) inf. n. &Jj;(TA;) and in this sense, also, is expi. the saying in the ]ur aj A smooth rock; (1:;) ns also Wij. (1 in ij, or. 4, (.S,) inf. n. lj; (TA;) lie slipped; mentioned above. (TA.) One says also oj! art. j j.) - And, (AZ, 1g,) as also tihe latter syn. (15, TA;) for whiclh Ji is erroncously 'j, (.,) or .;,l, (Mb,) Ule made hiJ word, (AZ, TA,) A mirror. (AZ, ]1. [In the put in [sonic of] the copies of the 1. (TA. [See (another's) foot to dlip, (v,) or he made the foot C1, il.JI is erroneously put for Z1J.1]) also 5.]) And .4' -j4, (.,) or A,1, (M4h,) not to remainfirmn, or fized, in its place; and so 3ji 4U Ai :z ick, or s,,i,, she-camel; (AZ, nor. , inf. n. Ji, (f, Mqb,) His foot, (.,) or tdj. (Msb.) -. .Jjl, said of a camel, (§, ], the foot, (Msb,) slipped, (f,) or did not remain TA,) and of a mare, (TA,) She cast Aher young IZ;) Us also j. (AZ, TA.)_-And ;j1 and t in the Cl5, erroneously, firm, or ixel, in its place. (Myb.) The former one; syn. - .,d*; (~, TA;) or 'I.p,. [q. v.]: [and is also said of an arrow, [app. as meaning It slid (1 :) or she (a mare) cast forth her young one :~A,] A far-extending [stage of a journey]. along the ground,] like j!j [q. v.]. (JK in art. completely formed: or, as some say, [Aherfts] (Q, TA.) not completdlyformed: (JK:) and you say aso, .j&.) _-..&lt. j. and kj5, Rle was, or became, ; i. q. 1JL [meaning A young one, orfstu, ,,jl, like % .i.1 [q. v.]: (Abu-ldisgusted by, or with, his plaee, or he loathed it, tl" thatfallsfrom the beUlly of the mnother abortively, -Zjl is said or in an imnmature, or imperfect, state, or dead, and remored, withdrew, or retired to a distance, 'Abbis, TA in art. W, :) or taj of a female [of any kind], and means she cast but having the form devloped, or manifest]. from it. (15, TA.) iji, rai of a she-camel, forth Aer young one before it was compltely Sise was, or lI.e,rme, quick, or swift. (O, TA.) formed. (Mgh.) - See also 1, last sentence.

,f.;

J: see 4._-. _..

:j, aor.,, (,)

inf. n. Jj, (TA,) He removd him from his place. (5, TA.) Hence the reading of AbooJahfar and NMfi', [in the 1ur lxviii. 51,] .;1 eiw.AUt btct, meaning . tU £ ,i 1 [And erily they who hav dib ed almost] smnite the mth their evil ey tso as to remow thoo.from thy station in which God has placed thee, by rmason of anmity to the. (TA. [Or this reading may be rendered agreeably with the common readin: *e J])- ..`,) 5 j, (w, aor.,, inf. n. j, (n,) He shaved b Ad; as also t lUjt; and ' Ej, (Q,],) inf. n. j,i.: (Q:) lB says that, accord. to 'Alee Ibn-lamseh, it is only J-, with ',*; and that W,j means the

5. jj3 He, or it, slipped, or slid, alonmg; (KL;) like CJj. (Q and TA in art .j. [See also l.]) Onesays, A1 Cil p [The ganglion lpped about beeen the skin and the fJlesh]. (M in art. i.) _ [Also It was, or became, smooth, or dippery: a signification indicated in the M, in art. .. , where it is coupled with L. 1 H.]-He anointed his body with oils and the im. (JK.) - He ornamnted, or adorn~ himdef; (Aboo-Turib, ], TA;) as lso ;p: (Aboo-Turkb, TA:) and kd an easy, and a soft, or dlicate, lifo, so that his colour, and the teriorof his shin, had a hining, or glistning.

' The nmooth peach; (Q,]V;) callUed in Pers. and
j TA.)

,4.y ,A

; and

: see

-

A .rwinds"ift in its passage. (Kr,

jljJI the name of a shield belonging to the Prophet; meaning That from which the mapon dlips
off, to that it doe not woumd thA bearer. (TA.)

ijl (1V in art. Wu) Hail in bod. (T1V in that arLt.)

ad gliseing

(I, TA.)

Door, LI

ijj;:.

. ee

J. [Hence,] one says,

1247 ,;J - ei without feathers: pL. ijj: ($, Mgh, M,b, 1:) to some, peculiarly of the ox-kind: (TA:) or the [projecting] thing that i behind it: (9, Jg:) pl. as above. (,* TA.) -And the latter of the samo two words, (AA, f,) or each of them, (],) [The Ayra~ Syriaca;] onu of the [animals callbd] jl [pl. ofN,j]: pi. a above. (AA, I;.)

which was applied to those [divining-] arrows by means of which the Arabs in the Time of Ignoronce sought to know what was allotted to 3?p i. q. ~ , (V,) a dial. var. of the latter them: (S, :) they were arrows upon which the word, [q. v.,] meaning The thing by meoan of Arabs in the Time of Ignorance wrote " Comwmich a door is closel, or madefast, and which is mand" and "Prohibition;" (Mgh, Mib;) or opaed withot a iey. (?, ].) - Also A mare upon tome of which wa written "My Lord hath [or other female (see 4)] that often casts her commanded me;" and upon mne, "My Lord young; (;i, C;) i.e., that wuoally does so; and hathforbidden me;" (g:ar p. 465;) or they were three arrows; upon one of which wa nritten applied in this sense to a camel. (TA.) "My Lord hath commanded me;" and upon another, "My Lord hath forbidden me;" and the third was blank; (Bd in v. 4;) and thed put Q. 1. .iJi He swallowed a gobbet, or morsel, them in a receptacl, (Mgh, M9b,) and when any one of them desired to make a journey, or to or mouthful. (TA.) - [The inf. n.] 'a1j signiaccomplish a want, (Mgh,) or whn he desired to fits [also], accord. to IB, The being wide, broad, perform some affair, (MCb,) he put hi hand into or ample. (TA.) that receptacle, (Mgh, Msb,) and took forth an ,Joj The sea; from 4iMj meaning as expl. arrow; (Mb ;) and if the arrow upon which wa "Command" [or "My Lord hath commanded above; as also.j . (IKh, TA.) me" (gar ubi supru)] came forth, he rcent to .;j i. q. ; [The windpipe]. (IDrd, ? in accomplish his 7ptpose; but if that upon which art. idj, L, and I(.) - Also The ,o . [i. e. was " Prohibition" [or "Afy Lord hath formnos, or fore part throf,] of a dog: and of a bidden me" (IHIar)] came forth, he refrained; bent of prey: and, accord. to IA,r, [the pro- (Mgh, M9b;) and if the blank came forth, they fhufled them a second time: (Bd ubi supra :) or, bocis] of an elephant. (TA.) as some say, the .'Jjl were white pebble, upon which they thus wrote, and by means of which they sought to know what twas allotted to them in 1. .j, (nor. ', inf. n..jj, T?,) le cut off one's the manner ewpl. above: (!ar ubi supra:) or, nose [and app. anything projecting, or prominent: accord. to Az, the *jl [were arrows that] besee 3: and seo also 8]. (ISh, I.) - t He made longed to Kurtsyh, in the Time of Ignorance, iS gift little, or small, in quantity or amount; upon which were written "lie hath commanded" (l, ;) [as though he cut off sometlling from it;] and " He hath forbidden," and " Do thou" and in [some of the copies of] the $, [but inot so in "Do tlwou not;" they had been well shaped mine,] tjj. (TA.) - Ie Jfied (1, 1) a water- (;_Jj) and made evea, and placed in the Kaabeh, ing-trough, or tank, (S,) or a vessel; (I,;) as the ministers of the House taking care of them; also tj, inf. n. j3. (Agn, e.) and when a man desired to go on ajournej, or to mamj, he came to the minister, and said, " Take 3. .,.Ijt, (, ,*) inf n. .l30,(15,) lie cut thou forthfor me a A.j;" and thereuupon he would [or pared] the arrow, and made itm proportion or take itforth, and look at it; and if the arrow of conformation, and its workmanship, good: (,:) command came forth, he went to accomplish that [he shaped it well:] or he made it even and which Ah had purposed to do; but if the arrow of supple. (I.) And .'j is said of anything as prohibition came forth, he refrainedfrom that meaning Its edges rrepredoff. (TA.) [Hence,] which he desired to do: [it is said that] there were srevn of the arrows thus called with the ~--11 ji lIe made the mill-tone round, and took minister of the Kaabeh, having marks upon them, from its edgas (].) Dhu-r-Rummeh says, and used for this purpose: (Jel in v. 4:) and ometimes the were vith the man two ucwh arrors, which he put into his sword-case; and [Like the mill-stones of Ra.d (a mountain so called) which the picas haverounded by taking wen he deired to seeh the knowledge of what from their edges] : he likens the foot of the camel was allotted to him, he took forth one of them. (TA.) Some say that the.*jt are The arrows of to a mill-stone from the edges of which the J.Sq have taken, (S, TA,) and which they have made the game called ,4Jn: but this is a mistake. even. (TA.) And ;;t,JI .1 signifies 1 cut (TA.) The seeking to obtain the knowledge of the stone, and prepared it properly for a mill- what is allotted to one by means of the .a)jl is stone. (TA.)-See forbidden in the Flur v. 4. (TA.) - Hence, also 1, in two places..;1. A.j t Ie made kisfood, or nutriment, bad, ;ilJ'1 . TjflITlse legs of the [wild] ox or cow: [i. e. fed him ill,] (g, TA,) so that h/is body iikened to the arrows called .*jl because of their became small (TA.) slenderness: or, accord. to the A, because of their s8.3! He cut off one's head. (ISh, g.) strength and hardness. (TA.) SHence, likewise,] the former of the two words ( .j) signifies also And Ite extirpated one's nose. (s1.) t A strong and light or active boy: pl. as above: ,-, ,. 6*J .,j or .J, whence the phrase lfj ,i,,l p: (TA:) [app. because] a poet likens [such] a boy to an arrow of the kind thus called. (g, TA.*) see Ldj. _ Also, both words, (I(,) the latter on the au.j and ,ij An arrow withouL a head and thority of Kr, (TA,) A cloren hoof: (I :) accord. jPQ uag t[He is on tbh slippery way offafe 4 religion or th like]. (MF voco ;t4, q. v.)

.ij: se the next preoeding paragraph, throughout.
i .i+1 j and t , and tJ and t , [the lat omitted in some copies of the 4,] (V, IC,) and also with C in the place of the J, (1 and ] in art. ,jA,) t He is one whose proportion, or conformation, (, J,) or whose cut, (s,) is that of thA slave: (?, ]:) or h is the davd in truth: (Ks, :) or he resembles th slav as though h were he: (Lh, ] :) it is *a though one sid, t tLj' %,aWl _j, i. o. he is the slae, being thw created by God, so that every one who looks at him sees the characteristics of the slaves impresmed upon him: and it is a proey. applied to him who is low, ignoble, or mean: (Meyd:). [i.e.,] one says thus in disapproval (i;;l . [i. e. j] or o%l j.'l uj): (Lb: so in different copies of the f:) and in like manner one says of the female slave [&.jj L.9l . &C]: (Lb, 8, I :) A said, j '.djl j, using the nom. ease, without tenween; but IAqr said, aLJj .leAl .j, using the accus case, with tenween: so in the handwriting of'Abd-Es-Sel&m El-Baree: (TA :) and

accord. to Lb, one say js, j

l tLfj
1

hal I.,

(so in some copies of the B,) or t jj, (so in other copies of the ~, and in the TA,) with .damm, (TA,) meaning t Tlis is the slave in proportion, or conformation, and in cut, 0 young man: (m , TA:) or, as some say, the meaning is, truly. (TA.)

a.j: see the next preceding paragraph. i&j [A kind of mattle]: jil
l;.ij means tle

J; of the shegoat: (1:) or, accord. to Kbh,

aJj signifies a certain appertenance ofagoat; a
thing hanging from their jQ..

[here meaning throats, externlly,] like the [kinl of sar-ring called] QJi; the animal having two of uch things: if an appertenance of the ear, it is called iJj, [q. v.,] with it. (f, TA.) See also ,l1. Seo also 1jj.

s:

3A see .
.1;, (A'Obeyd, i,) u also

(V3) and

[A,l Mand and] oj. [applied to a camel], (TA,) Having the end ofthe ar cut, (A'Obeyd,y,) a [portion termed] tjj or lj being ft [hatigina] to it: (A'Obeyd, TA:) this is done only to camels of generous race, (A'Obeyd, L,)and to sheep or goats: the fem. of the first is :0Jj: ( :) [see also ,jA: or] A.jI, fem. a above, is applied to a goat, as meaning hating what are termed ,tij [dual

of "i" expl. above]. (B.) _

IJ

Jl

signi-

Bk. I.

fies The mountain-goat; Q(C;) ag!eeab with the original meaning; (TA;) and sb t.Jl: (K: 157

1248 [in the CI, ; is erroneously omitted between the words J jl and JI , kll :]) and :.)li signifies The female mountain-goat. (Kr, K.) - And (4,) because it is [as JI .ljSgl, also, i.e. , though it were] always j., not becoming old, (TA,) t Time, orfortune, (g, ]~,) that is hard, or rigorous, (i,) in its course, (TA,) abounding with trials (K) and deaths: accord. to Yagkoob, so called because deaths hang upon it, and follow 1 4 Uji, and it. (TA.) They said, .-. J! [q. v.] i. e. tTime, or fortune, JI.k.J ,3, [&c.,] destroyed it; relating to a thing that has gone, and passed, and of which one has despaired. .:JI also signi. (TA.) [See also art. pJq.] fies Thefemale of the haw hind. (Kr, 1.)
4 , j,

[Boox I. cause relating to several objects. (g, TA.) a.. j tile restrained, or witAheld, Hence, j t The tongues himself. (Mgh.) And _'J1I or withhelld. (tar p. 329.) And werec restrained, i ~ it .,4>1 ~S [I ay not a l ti~ jl 1 saying uniil I qualify it to be used with cogency or e.flciency]. (TA.) - Hence also, (Mgh,) Ja.l ;j, (S, Mgh, TA,) [aor. and] inf. n. as above, (TA,) lIe attached a .o* [q. v.] to the sandal; (S, Mgb, TA;) as also J-..1 t,jlI. (Mgh, TA.) - [Hence likewise,] ;JAt .j, said of a camel, tHe raised [Iis nose, and consequently] his head, by reason of a pain in it. (X.) And the same phrase, (~, X,) said of a man, (TA,) t He eleated hi nose,from pride; ( C;) or he magnified, or exalted, himslf; or was I hearda distant sound, confused and contined. (TI.) - The sounding,or sound, of thunder: (AZ, S:) or the consecutive reiterationof the sound of thunder; which is the best kind ofsoundingthereof, and thesurestsymptomofrain. (M, I) One says, Pj*)t OJ1 The thunder sounds with consecutiv reiteration. (T15.) Accord. to Agn, the Ulj, of thunder is [The sounding thereof] when it is not loud and clear. (TA.) - The speaking, or speech, of the Magians, on the occasion of their eating, (8, IAth,) with a lowre oice: (TAth:) or the gibbet ing, or utteting gibberish orjargon,one to another, of the Persians, or other foreigners, .lsI~,) over their eating, while they are (G4j3l [i)i a manner] sp~eecless, not making ue of tongue nor of lip [so as to articulate]; it being a sound which they roU in their noses and their fauces, but such that they understandone another: ( :) or j.j, said of a Mngian, means IHe affectd, or constraineid himself, to speak, on the occasion of eating, while closing his mouth: whence the [Andforbidye tlea, saying, L.j.O iC from the affecting, 4c.]. (Mgh.) - The crying [or roaring], or the cry [or roar], of the lion. (I.) You say of him,j.j [He cried, or roared]. (TA.) - It is also [The uttering, or utterance, of a sound, or of the voice,] from the chaet, when it is not clear. (TA.) - Also The crying [or rlhinnying or neighing], or the cry [or neigh], so in the saying, j. of the horse: [seeo .j.:] jl jJlI til.I [Around the ;Oo,s (a kind of plant, or herbage,) is whinnying or neighingl: (Meyd:) this is a prov., applied to a man who hovers round about a thing, and does not make apparent his desire: (Meyd, TA:) or to a' man who is served for the sake of his wealth: (Meyd :) thile OLo. is one of the most excellent kinds of pasture: and the prov. means that the cries and clamour that one hears are for the desire of what is to be eaten and enjoyed: Z says, (TA,) the O jte is cut for the horses that do not quit the tribe; (Meyd, TA;) and they neigh, or

~J .11~j~, [

q.e.l

applied to an arrow, (;, 1, TA,) like

proud; (S,I ;) as also tjjI;

(.;)

and t_lj,

,te, (., ]C,) Cut [or pared], (ISk, 8,) and made good in its proportionor conformation, and its rorkmanship: (ISk,C,]:) [well shaped:] or made evn and supple: (TA:) and in like manner (S.) the former, with i, applied to a staff (l;). Also (i. e. See also -il, in two places. t Short [as though croppel] in the tail. ,j;) [in the (18k, TA.) - t Small in body: (l: CI, j is erroneously omitted before the words explaining this meaning:]) and so j.*: (IA#r, TA:) and the former, rendred smnnaU in the body by being badly fed: (TA :) or [simply] badly feld. (8.) - Applied to a man, (S, TA,) t Light, (TA,) or, like ;iJa, made light, (Q,) in form, Jfigurc, or person: so says 1Sk: (S, TA:) or t short, light, or active, and l.ji [app. as meaning either elegant in form, or clver]; (M, 1];) likened to a small arrow: (M:) and, with S, npplied to a woman as meaning tanot tall; like tJ,. ( .) _ Applied to a horse, t Ofmiddling or JlI ;>-!: (so in difmake; jIJl;j ferent copies of the ] :) thus expl. in the M. (TA.) t Small [or scanted]; applied to a gift. -And (TA.) ~.;: see e.J.

inf. n. (TA.) - And L.4,j t He rais d Ais head; (i, TA;) inf. n. as above: (TA:)

[and so

for] you say, i a:as

;5 4Ui' il

*IJt tl ,_,.AU, i. e. t [The wolf tooh a newborn lamb or hid, and went away with it] raising [his head], (S, TA,) or tdij i.e. raising with it his head: (TA:) and you say of the wolf, .j and *t tjl, both meaning the same, (S, IC,) i.e. He took ii, namely, the new-born lamb or kid, raising his head, or its head, (accord. to different copies of the 1g,) rith it. (TA.)a ,Al., (],) inf. n. as above, C(TA,) : He filed 1 [aor., the waterkin. (IS, TA.)- - i' ,:j, S The wnatr-skin accord. to rule, -,] inf. n. p, becamefull: thus the verb is intrans. as well as trans. (1, TA.)..And.j said of a camel's tush, t It rose. (TA.)- And t.He ent forward, or onward; or before, or ahead; (S, l, TA;) as some say, (TA,) in journeying: (S, , TA:) in this sense, the inf. n. is ..j. (TA.) _ Also, (inf. n.. j, A'Obeyd, TA,) He spoke, or talked. One says also of the (A'Obeyd, 8, TA.)

aj [expl. in art. Jj, q. ,

of

. (.)

1. *dj, (g,) aor. Z, inf. n. j, (TA,) He tied, or boud4l, it; fastened it; or made it fast. ((.) -...- :I ~J, (., Mgh, Mob, ]C, &c.,) aor. and int n. a above, (Mqb, TA,) He attached, (ISk,) or put, (Mgh,) or tied, orfatenred, (Mqb,) to the canul, (18k, Mgh, Mqb,) the .lj [q. v.], (ISk, Mgh,) or his. j; (MNb ;) he put in the camners ., or hi[s.jd,[each meaning a noue-ring,] or [or (,or , a wooden thing fled in his a,, the bone of the nos,] the ., and tied it, or fastened it, in order to rstrain him thereby; and * (Ilar p. 320;) i.q. ql..: ($, !:) ,.j (pl. of j) to the jL.JI [IHe attached .Ji1 cametl], (TA,) or jLJI tV j [The camels had jl attacAcd to tej];i (.;) with teshdeed be-

sparrowr , L SJ -; [app..j, as it is some relate it otherwise, saying c. II j ; intrana, meaning Thw sparrow chirps with a feeble voice peculiar to it]: and thus do large [around the croses], pl. of L ; and jal [they say] means the crying, or cry, of the worhornets. (TA.) also signifies shi;pper thereof. (Meyd.) :=-i2: ee 1, second sentence, in two places. He kept, guarded, or tooh care of, a thing. &., (TA.) - And j0 It _.3, 3: see 1. - You say also, &*Ijl m inf. n. j"j, I col,, .t -· d and ^*jlI, i. e. bbl [meaning t I went forth lected together the cattle, or p,operty, and droeM with him taking a diTerent way from his until bacL, or put bach, the outer ones, or outer portions, of what had become scattered thereof. (TA.) (TA.) Tj..]. we both met in one place: see said of a camel, lIe brayed; R. Q. 2. .j, 4: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph. (K. [See also R. Q. 1, which has syn. ;j. 7. .j;l It was, or became, tied, or bound; nearly the same meaning.]) _ w 'j 3 - l;t, fastened; or madefast. (g.) His lips moved with it. (TA.) 8: see 1, in the latter half of the paragraph, in ,.j [an inf. n. used in the sense of an act. part. n.]: ;, 11 .. jl, two places. - One says also,il * latter half of the meaning tHe stretched forth the thing to him. see .lj: _ and see also 1, in the paragraph. (TA.) .,j is thought by ISd to be used only u an ao [as inf n. of.,)., and also as R.Q. Q L . . n.: (TA:) [but see what follows.] ,j adv. a simple subst.,] A distant sounding or sound, (.) towards his house. means My face is 4 such as is confued and continued. (V.) You say, of a thing, p'j, meaning It made a distant An Arab of the desert said, I.j S' Yt , meaning [No, by Him] tIJ; U6 , i. ~ sound, confused and continued: and Ljj z_.
*97

jj, whinny, (%

and

_

,,)around it: (TA:)

BooK I.] towards wAhoe hoYe [is myface, it was not tauw [mid to be] tAe tAong that ie upon the back and thus, or such and such thingJ did not happen] [meaning upper side] of the foot, [extending] (p.)-- One says also, .j :l t. i, (0,) or from, or [consiating] of, thefore part of the t,s.,j L1,3 (S,TA, in the C ;-,) t-My *J, lengthwise: [for the term .J0 (q. v.) is hous is near to ais house. (9, V, TA.) - And sometimes used in a larger ense than thbat above ,.. j 1 t Their offair, or case, i conformable easigned to it:] or it is lihe the JIt, [which is to thejust mean; like .ot: ]($, :) or easy, not wTeeding the de measure, bouand, or limit. (L4, TA.)

1249

coUection; as also ej.

[ij . . t;j]: e.

(gam

p. 233:) orfjity, (j,) and thereabout, .A,) of ; camel, and of men; (Ay, ;) u also ~
(AV, TA;) neither of which words is formed by substitution from the other: (TA :) pi. ..j j [i.e.

jiCj], (Ram nbi uprn,) and [coll. gen. n.] ~sj.j,

.L.j A thing ;with whick one tiea or bind., farstrs, or makesfaut: ( C:) meaning [the noterein of a camel; i. e.] thdie cord that is tied to the 5,~ [or .tj., each meaning ose-ring of a camel],
or to tAe S, [or ood
bon of the nos], and . IkhicA, (9, Mgh, M 9b, TA,) i.e. to the end of mwich, (9, TA,) is tied the

(S,- TA,) occlrring in the saying of a rijiz, (Q,) i e., e, as] Aboo-MoJammad EI-Faf'asee, (TA,) expl. in the same manner as the being betmeen the middle toe and that next to it: (lar p. 539:) [and thus it is expl. by J and Mtr and F in another art.;] the Jt 1 of the sandal is [When companiu draw near to companie]. (9, (9, and Mgh and ] in art. Jt,) i. e. TA.) Also A distinct number ofjinn, or geii: its *.G, itu thong which is (Mgh in that art.) between the or of beasts of prey. (J.) And A herd of middle toe and that next to it. (9 and high and camels amo rohich are no young ono, or little

thing ~ied in the 1 in that art.) :

ones; and so ,i.AJ:
and Sheyblnee, t.,j or buly, camels. (.)

(t:)

or, accord. to Esh, dginpify lrge, big,

. 1. .a. 0.6. j or.,J: see . i ..

' or Jt: to the latter u being likened to (TA.) And ,U1 .AjLj Th d. of theA blazing cord that is tied to the eamdel's nose-ring; and of.ire. (TA.) to the former u being likened to the leading-rope which is tied to that cord: it being]. a metaphorical ;i A company, or collection, (M, ,) of

;.j i Clnud tAundering, but not loudly and learly. (ARn,TA.) [Accord. to one peaTA) itsef: (Mqb:) pl. '.jt. (Mqb,].) (See .j Copious, or abundaqt, water; as also sage in the TA, .ljj seems to be expl. by IKh also .] It is said in a trad.,.,r 41 . !.:,ij:(V:) [or] the latter, (]z, TA,) [and app. u meaning Thlmdring much: but the p _ng, A 1 ' [There ( mhaU be no nosr nor ns- the former also,] and tj, (IKh, TA,) and t,e;j, apePr to be incorreetly tranribed.] See also ring by which to lead a man in RI.IsInm] (zs,TA,) brackish water; i. e such as is between Ialt and seet. (IKh,F, TA.)-Also, (accord. meaning a practioe of the devotees of the Children ;... The but, or excelAnt, or cAoice, of of Israel, who used to attach rings and reins to to some copies of the ? and ],) or j.j, (accord. And The camels: or a hundred thereof. '(.) the neees, like as is done to the she-~mel in order to other copies of the same, and accord. to the best of a people; (S, TA;) the coic, bet, or that she may be led thereby. (TA.) - [Hence,] Mgb,) imperfeetly deel., because of the fem. most ce~llut, portion thereof: in one copy of the .Y .Aj t That by meanw of which the thing, or gender and a proper name, (Mqb,) the name of . is put in the place affair, subsists, and is conducted, or managed, The well of JMekeh, (so in a copy of the $ and ](, [and so in the C],] ( so n. . in the Mqb,) or a certain [celebrated] eUll in ofe. (TA.) ee also LJj. and ordered. (TA.) And ;. .. .A. J. SuI Mekkhh, (so in another copy of the 9,) [i. e.] a t [He put in his Aand, or' power, the meam of certainwell adjacent to the Kaabeh; (s;)so called '*j: see ij, last sentence, in two pleas. eonductinghis affair,or the conduct of Ahis affair]: [because its water is somewhat brackish, or] and , ps1 *l J^ t [ I,e dixpos as he pl~e because of the copiousnes of its water; (JM;) .AJ or. j: mee jj, in two plces. the wariou means of conducting the affairs]. as also t'jV [Le. -3 or ' .j], (IA.r, TA,) (TA.) And .,j Le;3i~ ; teH1 is on the Aj [act part. n. of;j]. t; l meaning Attackpoint of acco,nplisking kit affair. (TA.) And and *.s}t;j [or.*jtj], and V.j or..ej, (aeord. ing a.a.j to er] occurs used by poetic lioense to different copies of the ],) the last ( .,j) on J4lt L. UtlI t [Th she-camd iJ the leader of the authority of lAr. (TA.) The names of this for tLe, becaume of the ooncurrence of two quie the other camels]: said when she goes before well, collected from trade. and lexicons, have cent letters; like ,)S'.! for ;s)I. (.) them. (TA.) And 'a. _j t t[He is thao been found to amount to more than sixty. (TA.) t Magni'fing, or issl; or eleating daling, pride: ($, TA:) [(and in like lader ofAis people, or party]: and , JI t. _..*ji [with or without tenween] is also the hig nose, f-r t [They are the leaders of their peopl, or party]. name of A ce~ratedwell at EI-Medeenhek, which manner .j :] one says, L.J t I #w Aim (TA.) [See also De 8acy's Chrest. Armbe, sec is reg~ardd as a man~ of obtaining a bbling, magnifying,or xalting, himlZf,&c, ot peaking: ed., i. 201 and 503; and see QuatremAre's Hist. and the water of which is drunk and tramported (TA:) pl. ofthe former. . (9, TA.) - See also des Sultans Mamlouks, vol. i., see. part, pp. 65 [like that of the more celebrated well of the same 1, in the latter half of the pagr ph. Also, .,jj or .. o.j (ac and 0(] --. l .Lj t [ThAe .oJ ofthe msndal name at Mekkeh]. (TA.) ecord. to E1l-]~aree, applied to a man, t Fearis tAe thing to wAicA th c is attached, or cord. to different copies of the 9, [used by a poet ing, or afraid; syn. (TA.) (.. tied: (9:) or the tAong tiat is bot the middl with tenween, but probably by poetic license, for it is app. a fern. proper name, and therefore toe and that next to it, to which the it s -j: see what next follows. imperfecy deaL,]) is also A namu of, orfor, a attached, or tied: [but for the latter of thse ex(t.) -carm, like jl a word imitative of The loam, or faint, planations, it seems that we should read th thong und of the jin, or genii, tht is Aeard by night that is betwm the middle toe and that t to it: ;j3: msee in two places. in the d rt; (TA in this art. and in ar t_,j;) or the thong to which tae t S. attacAed, or and so t3J.J: (lAr, ]* and TA in art.. :) J.. or4.j: aeemJJ, in two place. tied: the c4- being the thong that pas through Ru-beh says, tae sole, and betwem two of tAe toe, and to mwich L!:j [inf n. of . Q. 1 (q. v. passim); and the J~~ is attached: for it appears that the term also used as a simple subet., of which the pl. is .o.j is applied by some to the tAong calld by [Thou haret threin a loa, or faint, wound of .:j]. You ay 3j4j j3 ; and ,aiJA thjinn by nigat]. (TA.) others te JI, extemdig betw tha leg and tAe [Thur A~ g co~sed and continued, or toes: and by some, to what is caed by others tha wm~ turg, sounds, Aeard from a distance]. .j a One of th ng tc y'tt
(aftewards, M 9 b) also applied to the *i£. (9, Mlb, termed

Lt. [or leading.rope]: (9, Mgh, MNb, TA:) and

Tall Ahrbs, (,)

rising aboe uch asare

J. (TA.)

4l

[meaning te lat atre nightsof the ma~ m th]. (].) - And The daresmt moon inth lat part of the [lunr] month, (.V,) Mhm it bwaoa slender and bow-Laped: Dbu-r-Rummeh mm it term, from the..6V of the ecmel: (Mgh:) it is men, (, TA,) what~r it be: (TA:) or any in this ense without the urticle J: and Th sys 1
157 a

rie

A3-

3
little fur: and "'j 'i

[Boox L

that- j is one of the names of the [moon wAe

~..js j oo.j,

in two plaes.

[pp. meaning A p~lan

havingfew bavesj. (Ram p. 83.) And,rjpi, it i tered] . (TA.) t. or The tree claUd t; u also [Scanty, or thin, hair]. (A, TA.)- Also,[henoe,] what next follows. ~ JxI,: seem but there (8, 1,) or .;;J1 or (TA in art. ; A.j, (A,) t A man (A) having little ;;, [i. e. manlinea, or manly virtwe]. (, written without any syll. signs.) A caul heing aA atdtached to A,* .)-- And J.lI 1 j t A man Aainy little, ;j [(in the C1 i;A] (JK, A, 5) and orscanty,property. (AZ, TA in art.jJ.).. And him; qyn. , aneod t *.J! al: ca s

ti ,.0

(I) [(A sage of a journey] far-czteding, ].) One (,) ard,ordifcult. (AZ, IA',rJK, . ; , ,, )i A horse quavring, or says, .j4 ,fj' :[ rHe journeyed a long and trilling, his oic, [or whinnying or neighing,] hard stage]. (A.) - And tj ,a (A, and L in and prdonging it. (A'Obeyd, TA.) art. )and t5, like cs and · '~, (L
having L. attachAed, to them; syn.

(A.) (.TL.

ij

i;a.

rj iL;tA A scanty, or small, gift. (A, TA.)
_ Alo Good singing: (Th, TA:) [and] so ~d·j. (Az, O, TA.) - And Goodly in counteMance. (1.)

;. A company, yr conregatedbody, of ma; in that art.,) t1 ditant, fa-r~ching, or far- ($, ;) as also *; J: (TA:) or (so in the TA, aiing,intention, pwrpoe, or deign. (A, and L but in the ]P "and ") a party in a state of dis. u in ubi suprL) ,Lj;, (0 and W in art. ,) J or ;j, perion: ( :) pl. r: (8, A, 1 :) you say, the Commentaries on the Keshshif, (MF,) or J Ij,Iq. They came in partics in a sate of di. ,t1 iq. 14o [Proud, 1w.]; (, 1 ;) or (MA,) an arabioirzed word, tl~ly ;j, persion, one after another: (A:) some ay that 0(,) or ;Lj,, (,) and the vulgar ap- 4;t t [ealatinghis no, from pride]: (A, i;.j is fDom ?,Cj [originally an inf. ., (aee 1, pelMion is oorreot, agreeing with the Pes. ori- q. 9 [Noses firt sentence,) and hence] signifying "wound," J L:) [pI. inrd, (Shir; el-OGhleel,) [which is ;., or] because a company of men is not without sound: elvated,from pride]. (C, A.) - tHence,] = Adto, (MA,) A certai Aind of food, compo~d others, that it signifies a company offew peru; I, (A,TA,) i e. J,i t [Mountain of eggs and~e-met : ( :) or thin pat foldd from yj U: (MF:) but the former is the topether, wihA JfA-meat witAin: or the hind of having tall, or long, promnences]. (TA.) - And proper derivation, and is confirmed by what is l i, (i. e. sma, li, h po,gy food calU ,e aid in the B. (TA.) tiJ Fa lr,m,...r (K, A,1.) about the si of walnut$, made boat, gerally , see the next paragraph. oflatrd dough, and eaten with honey poured j4j Ui, and_ over,] and alo called iLi j,ei Short; (Kr, 1 ;) applied to a man: (TA:) ((, Mqb, 1) and L "j, aor. -and , in£ n. and t.; and in XlYuAr 5,)jla, nd , pl. t.j. (Kr, 1].) - And Beautiful,d; applied to [) and ,;1j; (ISd, TA;) and t;3, (Mb: called jlj: (MF:) or jJi .allj): (MA :) [or, 3 inf n. j,.j ; (.;) He [pip,d, or] played upon a boy, or young man; (AA, Th, O, ;) su also u Golius ays, on the authority of Meyd, a hind V.;j (AA, O, 1) and t `.j. (.) _ See of food made ofl j o, buied aond, and (lit. sang in) a reed; (V;) he blew in aji4.

;;~,

4J

t

hAon.] L Zj, aor. t, inf n. £ij, He was, or becamu, graw, taid, teady, sedat, or calm. (A, .)

(Q,* A, MNb.) and A, ,.l,.j, 1

[Hence,] oaJ A,j, ($,
(A,) or ad

J,) abo,j.

a. *zZJ i. q. ; (He showed, exhibiterd, or [Said only of the females, or a female:] of the manifteA, groity, staidns, dweadiuus, sedat- male octrich one sys only ;%. (S, TA.) - And nss, or ooalmn; or Ae rdeavoured, or co- 4!Jit j3 IHZe published, or divulged, the straind himslf, to be grae, staid, &c.]. (A.) tory. (A, 1.) - And t .j He Hjai,U exI, C [How great is his show of cited, or incited, uch a one against nsch a one. One says, ,j-3 gravity, &.e! or Ais endeaor,or contint of (LA, V,, TA.) Mj, (8,15,) aor. ^, (15,) inf n. him,elf, to be gru, &o.I]. (Fr, C.) J.j, (?,) He had little hair, (S,* ], TA,) and ,.j Grave, etaid, tady, sdate, or cdm, littleb wool. (], TA.) - Albo, [hence,] inf. n. (IAr, $, A, 15, TA,) in Aii itting-place: (IAr, s above, ($,) or ;jj and ,j, (TA,) tlIe TA:) pl. oWj, (A,) or *.,J or ;.j([pp. [iL e. manline, (a man, S, TA) had littb ;;. if not a mistranc*ription for .L. j, which I rather or manly virte]. (S, 15.)- And jAL ,j, inf n. think it to be]. (TA.) as above, 1His property became little, or tcanty. ,,,t Very grave, taid, s,tedy, sedate, or (TA in art. jA.) calhn: (8, I4, TA :) for~barig,or cment; quiet; : see 1, firmt sentence. of few wordl like ~..: or, U some say, t He was, or became, abject, or igaw10. ,.lj.l silent. (TA.) minlious, or reah, and tmaU in body, and lean; ,AI t;_3 ;* Such a one is the most grave, being abased or brought low. (A, TA.) [See also the part. n., below.] staid, steady, sdate, or calm, of men. (Q.) j: see i.j.
A,1;) J Hraving little hair; (8A, V,(, 15) or aA1 ., (L,) aor. ,(1,) 1. inf. n. Cdj, (I,) He exalted, or magnified, him*elf; mwa proud; ($, L, 1 ;) behawd proudly, haghtitly, or vainly; (8, L;) elevated Ais not, (TA.) , or ;. fron prid; (L ;)iq.
I

;;t. The act [or art] of [pip)ing, or] playi~g , (TA,) t The upon ith reed [orjL.,]. (J.) inf. n. ;.3 ($, A, O5)and ostricres, (?, 1[,) and the sle-ostrich, (A, TA,) cried, or uttered tAheir, or her, cry. (S, A, ], TA.) ;j (A, $, A, M9b, 5) and *..~j, (A, , 1,)
but the latter is rare, (1,) or scarcely ever used, (p,) or it is not allowable, (Meb,) applied to a man; and 't ;;i, (8, M9 b, 5,) but not jlj, (, M9b,) applied to a woman; ($, Mqb, 1 ;) A [piper, or] player upon a r*ed; (15;) one who

JI, (TA,) aor. ,

blows in a L.

(,'

A, M.b.')-

Also 5jj,

t A forncatres, or an adulterea: (Th, A'Obeyd, Az, K ) s,o in a trad., in which it is said s;eO, 0. U Re prohibited the gain of tse fornieatress: (Th, A'Obeyd, Az, .:) so called because she publishes her busines: (Th:) some say that the correct word is here iji,j, because such a woman makes signs with hler lips and her eyes and her eyebrows: Az ays that he holds the former to be the riglt; and Abu-l'Abbas Abmad says that the latter is wrong, and that the former signifies a beautiful prostitate: but Az adds that the trad. may mcan as above, or he prolibited tae gain of the female singer, as AHat relates on the authority of As. (TA.) kj [fem. of j;j, q. v. - Also] i. q. ]J.., [i. e. collar, or q. v. (g.) - And t A J.G that is put upon of iron,] (O, A, ][, TA) collar the neck of a dog. (TA.) - And metaphorically (A, TA;) [L.e.] a used as meaning A I.!; [shacklefor the neck and handJ, such os is called] (TA.) And t A bar of iron (;jc) betwee

and having

litt mwool: fern. with . (A, ][.) You say L a, C [A A child havrig little hair: and sheep, or goat, having little wool or hair]: and ,.13j ,, [Sheep, or goats, having little wrool or hair]: (A, TA :) and ;ij ;UJ A she-camel having

,..j

3..

BooK I.]

1251

tAb two rungs of the [dackl cad] J: (M, O, 1:) o termed because of its sound. (0.)Also A k.otrki. (LIr p. 40S.)

Playi~g; or aployer. (O.) je. t ShacAld [with a

1g.azee, and of th hare: (] :) [the pI. of i;j is ;, j (occurring in the Q and ] in the present 1. , nor. -, inf. n. t.j, He became con- art., and in the V in art. jJ, &.), and] the pl. -is : (AZ, Hen:) ce, founded, or perplexed, and unable to ee his right of oroi &4 :L~L~: (sZ, 4m e, Lie. ... Hence, .EIj; and its femrn., with 3: seemjlj. course; or h became bereft of Ais rea~on or in- as being compared to the 6 of the cloven hoof, teclect; in consequ of fear: ($, Meb,* : ') :ee ,IJ: _and see absoj __ Also he feared, or was afraid: (T:) hA nra imt- (L,) tj also signifies tThe loer, or baser or

t4j].

(O, TA.)

;A4,. musical reed, or pipe; (;,* A, M9b, ],* TiA;) what is called in Persian bU [now generally meaning a flute]; (marginal note in a copy of the KT;) as also Vt tj, (],) [which latter, by many pronounced ;5lj, and generally so pronounced in Egypt, is applied to a double ree;pip., figured and described in my work on the Modern Egyptians,] and tj. and Vt;4, (IAtb,) the latter like ,i and ;A*: (TA:) pt. of the first, (4, A,) and of the last two, lj,. (4, A.) It is related in a trad., that Mobammad,
on hearing Aboo-Moose El-Ash'aree reciting, aid to him, j.1; Jl pl I; le £ 1& .>i0 [Verily thou Aot been gifted with a pipe like that of David himueCf]; likening the sweetness of his voice and melody to the sound of the ,j;

patient; or had not sujicient strength to bear what befell Aim, and found not patience: (L:) Ae beca,m disquieted, disturbed, agitated, flurried, or in a state of commotion. (Lb.) - j .,jfl, aor. :, (TA,) in. n. j,h (Lth, ], TA,) The hare was light, or active, and quich, or snift: (Lth, 1, TA:) and t ~.jl it ran, ($, TA,) and was light, or active. (TA.) And.j,

the lowet, or baet, or the ref , of annd: (1, L, 5::) pl. ]L'. (L.) One says,.*j O,.j&, meaning t He is of the last of them; (4, L;) and
of thirfoUowr (L) - Also, i.e. The hairs behind the fetlock [Joint]; (V;) and so .;,tj [pl. of the n. un. It Uj]. (TA.)- Abo

i Knots, gems, or buds, in the place whence the
racema of the grape-ine come forth: (I8h, I,

aor. :, inf. n. '5Qj,He went slowly. (ISk, , TA:) accord. to E-T&ifee, (L in art. *b,,) 1.) Thus the verb has two contr. significations. [the n. un.] 1 _.j signifies the knot, or gem, in
(I].) And Hse ment with short steps; as also the place wrAence the raerme of gmrapu grow forth: (L ubi supra, and TA:) or, u some say, t Z;i. (TA.) the berry rhen it is like tbe head of a young a;

and the pl. is l~lj and [oll.gen. n.] 3,j: (TA .) and t the gem of leaf: (L in ar. t.:) the former accord. to Ks.; the latter accord. to and .A l . tJTe leave that cover what is Kh, but disallowed by Ks; both, however, are
L4.y 9 i,' .ajl, and jI ;L (t,;) authorized by Fr, as meaning the same, like j : d; and 4L ,~1; ($ ;) and e ~jl; (TA;) I determined, raolved, or decded, upon thel affair: (Fr, 4, ]:) my determination, resolution, or decision, became fixed upon the affair, (Lth or Kh, $, TA,) to execute it, or per form it, of necestsity: (Lth, TA:) or I kept contantly,firmly,steadily, steadfastly, or~izedly, to the affair: syn. 4t.ti % : (1 :) and t.j, (lbn-'Abbdd, V, [in the ClI written without teshdeed]) followed by I. before the object, inf. n. j, (TA,) signifies the same: (Ibn'Abb&d, Is:) [j! may be formed by transposition from.M, or the j may be a substitute for ..
.,· . a
·.. · · [. j

2: see the next paragraph.

within them of the raceme of the grape-ine.

*,d

(TA voce ,Jkl.) a redundance, (i;qj,)

Also tAn sescrce, or
in thefingers or toe: and

(TA;) as though he had musical pipes in his
throat: or %Ij JI m!j.. is here the same as .)j1) A.fj$%: (A :) for,_ jl; lt also signifies [The Psalms of Darid;] what David used to sing, or chant, (& ..;:, in the C.K · ,i;.,) of the Psalms: (K:) and to such is likened tihe utmost sweetness of voice in reciting: and Jl is said to be here redundant or pleonastic; meaning tihe person: (TA:) or (so in the TA, but in the 15 "and") )~1,) jelj signifies kinds ofpra.er, or supplication: it is pl. of;Sj.. and of C 'p, or j*; . (o80 in different copies of

the epithet [applied to him who has such] is tO
(.) -.. And Scatteret portion of herbage, Aere and there; like portions of cloud in the #sy.

(TA.) a&j: see the next preceding paragrph, in
four places. j Penetrating energy, or Jsharpne, vigoromsn, and effwectivenes, in the performance of an affair, and determination, reolution, or de....

cision, to do it; (L, ];;) as also

and

j:

tie 5:.)

(IF.) You say,.

tj. [and,,

i]

He

determined, resolved, or decided, upon going, Oje. and J.: LJeeL*, in two places. journeying, or departing. (Mgh.) - See also 1. - iJJI ~jl t [Thegrape-vine,or its branch,] ,rj* : Shrinking, and abject, or ignominious, became large in its a.j, i. e. knot, or gem, [see in his own estimation. (V, TA.) [See also its j,] (ISh, }, TA,) and its fruit-stalk was near verb.] to comingforth. (ISh, TA.) - And ,1 C,jl The herbage made its first appearance in a scate the net article. tered state: (S:) or rwas not all of it equal, or · s.%j: sce the next article. uniform, but consisted of scattered portionu, (~, TA,) at its first appearance, (TA,) one part surpassinganother. (5:, TA.) ;ji (T, f, Mgh, L, Myb, ]) and*j, (Az, 5: see 1, last sentence. TA,) and accord. to some .jj, with the unpointed >, (TA,) or, accord. to I5t, this is a t.j; see t.-- Also pl. [or rather coll. mistranscription, and Ay says that it is correctly written with the pointed 5, (MNb,) [The merald: gen. n.] of V ° 'j, which [is the n. un. of the former, and] signifies A certain exrscence be-

(I :) and courage, such that whm oe has determined, resolved, or decided, upon an affair, he does not turn from it: ( :) and goodjudgment, with boldness to undertake aoffairs, ([, TA,) sch that when one purposes an affair, he acts with a penetrating ergy, or sharpnesos, wigoro~neu, and effectivens, in performing it: (TA:) or courage,andgreatboldnes:(4:) and quicknes, and hastiness. (f, ll.)

:

ee the next preceding paragraph.

aevord. to some] i. . t

; (f, L, Msb, V:;)

but Et-Teyfshee [rightly] says that the ~j is a different kind of stone: [see this word:] and Ibn-S4'id El-AnCiree says that the mine of the *-qjoj is said to be near to that of the .3j: (TA:) several authors say that the r..j differs from the .. ,q in being more green: (MF, TA:) it is an arabicized word [from the Pers. ;.bj]: (4, L, Msb, ] :) [a coil. gen. n. :] n. un. with 5. (M 9b.)

Li.a: see 3. - Also A hare that rmns with short step, as though it ran upon its ? 3 (Aq, T, f,],) i. e. the pendent hairs on the hinder part of it hind legs : (T, TA:) or such as, mwm it approachea its habitation, goe upon its inj, (1, TA,) and with short tdeps, (TA,) in order e hind the cloven hoof: (AZ, 4, Mqb, ]:) or a that itsfoot-marks may not be traced: (]:, TA:) thing lib the nails of ep or goats, in the part and (], TA, but in the CI "or") such as is quick, or swof, and brisk, or sprightly. (4, betwm the hank and foot; every leg having TA.) upon it two of the things thus ter~med ( j), y A man sharp, igoromu, or effctive, in as though they were formed of piece of horn: (Lth, ]g:) or a certain excresncen projecting determination, reolution, or deciion: (Mgh:) a above the hoof of the sheep or goat: (TA :) or the courageous man, who, when he ha deterfmined, penut hairs in the hinder part of the hind leg, resolved, or decided, upon an offair, does not turn or hind foot, of the ~p or goat, and of the fron it: (Lth, ]: [in the CG, tj is a mistake 1

1252

iJ - Ja

[BOOK i.

for b.:]) and having good judgment, with like i,.j and JjlT. (TA in art. ,j.)_. And VL j Luzuriant, or abundant, anddnue liphboldnet to undertake affairs, (1, TA,) so that (IDrd, ],) aor. z, inf. n. j.j, (TA,) He trees such as are termed] je.~: [jqJI in the rhen Ahe ha purposed an affair, he acts with a made Aim to ride behAind him, (IDrd, g,) UIl C! is a mistranscription:] and a coletion of penetrating energy, or sharpness, vigoroumne., ;mae;1 on the cameld: (IDrd:) or he rode rith him j [i. e. mnnall young palm-trees, or hAoots cut and effectivenes, in performing it: (TA:) or [on a camel, in a j ;,] so as to counterbalance off from palmn-trese and planted]: and young tSl3 l ~j signifies a man having god judgment: him; (], TI[;) and so t Il.j, (Mgh,) inf. n. palm-trees exceeding the reach of tAe hand: (I, TA:) all on the authority of EI-Hejeree. (TA.) ( end &j signifies also quich; ( ;) quich, 3il1p, ($,) hA rode mith him so as to counteral:) and hoasty; (;) and so tu j: (1,1:) pi. of balance him (?,' Mgh) on a camel, (?,) in the is: see J.;., in two plces. 3J. . (Mgh.)_ [And s Jj, 4 aor.', He the former i.. (~, ].) Jl.j A limping in a camel. o(.) m nd A foUowd another:] see Ij. 1 wrapper that is put over a %;j [or leathern He is moreor aharp, vigorous, or 2. ;, (Mgh, Myb,) inf. n. ,;y, (UAb, materag]: pl. J j and ljl: (Az, lg:) you qfeetive, in determination, resolution, or decision, V,) He wrapped him ($, Mgh, Mqb, V) 4di J say o1 i~". (Az, TA.) tAan he. (Mgh.) l See alo , laBt sentence [in his garment], (, , ) or s ; ([in hi. but one. J,*j One who ridea behind another (IDrd,f, garments], (Mgh,) or [mwith his garment]. ]) on a camel (IDrd,TA) that carrie tAh food I1 i; C Ut, [or 1 1tc*#, or both, and (Mob.) - [Hence, app.,] J3 dsignifies also The and the househod-goods orfurnitur and utensils; f I am determining, resoling, or deciding, act of concealing. (IA*r, g.) (TA;) and Vj'j signifies the same, (g,) and so' upon an affair: or] my determination, resolation, 3: see 1, luast sentence but one. - -i;' p also does Jy~: (IDrd, TA:) or one ho rid or decrison, is ~ upon an affair. (Khb, .) signifies The requiting with beneicence. (AA, behind another on a horse or similar beast: [See 4.] (TA:) or one who ridea with anothAr in a TA in art. b.) aJlj so as to counterbalance him. (Mgh.) It is meta5. (8, Mgh, Mjp M 9b, 1) and JA;!, (Mgh, phorically used in the saying, Cij¶.,1l ,.*t ,jw lJ: see the following paragraph. 1,) the latter of the measure 6l, (V,) [a varia- 44,j t[Tou art the horsmnan of ci;ce, or t,~, (Fr, ., g,) with kesr to the j and , tion of the former,] and j l, (TA,) (t 'ie khnodge, and I am he rho rides behind tlu]. (1,) like 5 ,. [in meauure and in meaning, wrapped himnef (?, Mgh, Mgb, :, TA) 41e (TA.) - Hence, A travalling-companion (Mgh, app. from the Pers. U-..*], (,,) [in the 0 [with his garments], (M,) and so .Cj3 aione; TA) who arnists one in the performance of hAi 3j; j,u erroneously written .,,] and t i, (Fr,v, (TA,) or t t. [in his garments], (Mgh, TA,) affairs. (TA.) It is said in a trad., J.. i.j, i.e. [A man shall not sparate himself TA,) like j*!, (TA,) [in the 0 erroneously writ- or ~ [with his garmnlt]. (Myb.) from] Ais travelling-companion. (Mgh.) ten ,fj, and in the C] 4j,] and t .ij, (TA,) 6. tst.!P i. q. sq. .!P [i. e. ThA recited m

a.j,

4 5j.

Z,

sometimes, aoord. to Lth, the tail itelf is alled to]. (TA.) .when it/is short (.i 1l), (0, TA,') or, as jZ;3: ee 5. aL.,!;: SWeL in some copies [of his book, meaning the 'Eyn], Q- Q. L j.4j, (TV.,) inf. n. 1i4j, ire whe it is clippd (,u 11). (TA.) droe camels. (], TI.) lh.i: ee the preoeding paragraph. Jj A load, or burden. (].) It occurs in a trad. uas meaning tA load of khwlede. (TA.) - [Houehold-goods; orfurniture and utenaiU. 1. j.;j, sor. , and ,, inf..n. J4, He ran, (Freytag, on the authority of the Deewin of (V, TA,) and ~et along quichly, (TA,) laning, the Hudhalees.) See also J,.j._' C. or bearing, on one side, raising his other side; ,) means TAere is not in thy mack save a (?, TA;) as tAough he were bearing upon one half; (AA, V.) _ See also J; _m. And am leg; not witA the firmnets of him who bear upo

J.4tj means Two men engaged in worA tpon The place of the growth of the tail of a bird: or poetry, of the metre termed ,j, which is also tAeir two camels: when they are without worL, (Fr, , ]:) or the root of the tail of a bird: (M,:) or the whole tail of a bird: (V:)or temed Jj, one with another; or vied in doing they are called iep i. (g.)

J

and Lj: see,

j.

(s,)

J j : see what next follows.
j. (, I:) and V J; and j.:j said in the C1t to be like but correctly like j..,] and b;,
,jj and Jtj;;() and ij and tJlj (' , 1) and V,e and V' and V' aj (,' or this is fem., C) and ? hilj (O) Cowardly, ,reak,
(?, ], TA,) low, mean, or contemptible; who wrap hAimlf up in his houMe, or tent; not riing and Aastening to engage in uarfare; indolently refrainingfrom a.piring to great tAingt. (TA.)

4J

botA of hAis lg& (TA.) - And j; (, TA) i ..... and s. ~, aor. ', (TA,) in£. n.

J.j The kind of ,er,
monly]

he recites [or chants] the verse termedj.; [or .:j], hiAj: see J;j, in two places. Ahe limped, by rmaon of his bristnues,or aprghat- he is strong enough to work: thus it is related on J.lj,applied to a hone or similar beuat,.(, linu, (4,) or a though bearing pon Ais fore the authority of AA: another reading is Jjl: TA,) or to a wild as, (A'Obeyd, TA,) Tat is /gs, by reason of prid, or e-Cooceit, and both are corret as to meaning. (IJ, TA.)
brishrn,

end X3i [the latter accord. to the C1' Jlj, but said in the TA to be with fet-b like the former,] and 1)~;j (V, TA) and J.;j, (TA ea from the ]g, (but not in the CIF nor in my M8. copy of the ],]) said of a horse or similar beast, (], TA,) or of a wild as, (TA,) He mas as though

[See also &je. Accord. to JI,] V1_j signifies or poetry, [more com- We ak a fern. epithet. (s.) a.edj: [hene,] a poet says,

j:
[The drawr of water will not be oercome as long as tAhe Jj continues]; meaning, as long U

see the next preceding paragraph.

'Lj, it, or carrdit; namely, a thing: (Mgh, Mqb :) and t ',Qj!, (C, ],) origially aW3jI, (TA,) signifies the same; or he tooAit up and carried it, or Ah raied it ~on hais back; on. a i;I (], ];) at once; (];) namely, a load: (TA.)

in his going and his running. (TA.) _ (Mgh, M,b,) inf. n. J)j, (TA,) He bore

J.j and J1;: ee

A.
as

as tAough Ae limped, by reason of hAi bri,Ane,

or tprigAtlines.

(A'Obeyd,, (l.) -

TA.) [Hence, Abo One hAo

or with whom one is travelling; (AZ, ];)

. 'iaj A company of peruon traeling together, Mirdds ES-udamee. L;jj: (En-Naer, TA:) or, as some say, TA.)

app., the name of] The Aore of Mo'dwdiy& Ibn-

ablo

folUow

(,A,, [in the he Ct
3.)

(TA,) a company or a coection [in an absolute

another.

. ,] ie,

)

ee]. (,

k.Ij A camd (1, Mgh, Mgb, 1) or otr bea

Boon I.] (1 used for carrying (9, Mgh, Myb, 15) the
good~, orfurniture and utensil, of a man (9, Mgh, Mqb) traelling, (Mgh, Meb,) and his food; (9, Mgh;) the i denoting intensivenes: e~-camel upon which are carried (Meb:) or thI good~, or furniture and utensil, of the traellr: (Var p. 130:) from j"ij " he bore, or auried," a thing: (Mgh,N Mb:) pl. . (TA) [See also IJ.j.] - Afterwards . used to signify The J.;. [properly half-loed] in which is the ilgrim' traeUing.provision,consistingof biwcuit, or dry bread, andfruit (,J [app. a mistranscription for* i. . datesa]), and the lis. (Mgh.)

.Jo-

Aj

1253 also V .j.: thus expl. by Az, or uilefully; on the authority of one of the Arab: also aid to signify lijht, or active, and incontant, unsteady, orjckle; and so tVj and tV; . (TA.) &ti : see places. j: L: _ oj and re also and see also .j. , in two

i" witA which he se: but this I have not foun elsewhere.] - Also An iron (1p, TA) like the new moon [in shape], (TA,) that is put at the end of a spear, for the purpose of catching wild ozen. (1], TA.) - And The [implmnent called) J .j. [q. v.]. (V1.) - Applied to a man, (]g, TA,) t A great, or vehement, eater; likened to the [shoemaker's] knife: (TA:) or strong: and also weak; (1, TA;) low, mean, or contemptible: j thus having two contr. signi(TA: [like :]) fications. (15.) a.r..jl (AA, 8, ) and (S, 15) some say (S) aUj, (9, 15,) the latter accord. to AY and Sb and Ez-Zubeydee, (TA,) and Vt Jj,!., (9, TA,) which is said by IJ to be quasi-coordinate to J~,, because the j in it is not a letter of prolongation, for the letter before it is with fet-h, (TA,) applied to a mountain-goat and to one of ]C, TA:) or other animals, Vociferous: (AA, ?, the first, [or, app., any of the three,] applied to a mountain-goat, such as, wrhen he runs, leans, or bears, on one side: so accord. to AIIeyth: Fr explains tdie first or second as applied to a horse, meaning that runs tmiftij: and in like manner to a mountain-goat. (TA.)

see jaj:

L

'j, aor. :, inf. n. 'j (M,b, 1) and i£;j

(* Msb, O:) and i

j, (J,)

He (a man, 9, Mqb)

i;:j Camels havin their loads upon thom: (IA,r, M, C:. [in the V1,.Ml, should be AJai, i: j signifies or rather J.lj :]) and so "camels laden or not laden :" (Iigr, Mi:) .lj~; may be either its pi. or pl. of iij [q. v.]. (TA.) _ ee also iLj.-M ' ' means He
is a knower of it; (1Agr, ];) i. e., of the affair. (IAr.) - And iJLwJ tl, also, means The son of thefemale slave. (IArp, .)

had, or tas affected with, a malady f long continuance, (Msb,) or what is termed LGj, expL below: (15:) he wa, or became, afficted [with what is so termed]: ( :) or Ah was, or became, crippled. (TI.)

(9, 01)and 6.j (Lb, TA) [He 3. 'iL .;. ba.rgained, or made an egragement, with him, to wrork, for a time], (9, X(,) from C.%JI, (S,) is like t' A [and 1;1t:] (, 1) from l... (p.)
4.. FOjl [He, or it, continued a long tim ;] a long tine passed owr him, or it, (15,* TA,) i. e. a thing. (TA.) You say, J,i,2 k>j-. He romained, staid, dwelt, or aboe, a long time (UtJ) in the place. (TA.)- And [henoe,] O eJi 1 !thitis gfl [was a long time kept back from je me, or] was slow, or tardy, in coming to me.

J*A s/ ound: (A , 9:) or any mixed, or confued, sound: or a sound proceeding from the L.k.* A certain thing in which water is cooled: prepuce of a hors# or similar beast: (1 :) it hasb of the dial. of El-'Ir4: (15:) applied by the no verb. (TA.) A poet says, people of Baghd&d to a green [jar such at is called] ;. or 44., in the middle wl~reof is a . . lperforation, in wiich is fixed a tube of tilver or lead, whence one drinks; so called because it is r in tthe adjacent [The gums of the hor water wrapped (J.A i. e. ) with a piece of clothA of tracts thereof, and thou hearest, beneath the dust, coarne flax, or tome other thing, between Awhich a sound attributable to them]: he means i,, and thejar is straw: it is in their houst in the but suppreses the ., as is done in j [for days of smmer: the water is cooled in the night by means of the [porous eartihen bottles called] J--l means TAe soun ,*jI -.'9 J]. (9.) thin it is poured into this A1:4., and , f tile bows: Je.ljl being pl. of JUJ1, with k. to ;ljlt; give fulneu to thie sound of the vowel preceding remains in it cool (Iar p. 548.) it. (TA.) And t
."jl signifies The twanging

(TA.)

6iJ >cjI He (God) made umch a onu

sound of a bow. (1I, TA.)zmjl .jl and t_,j! "j', originally J;.', A man wrapped with 0.. an inf. n. of 'j [q.v.]. (M 9b, ].)and t 'Jj He lf a family, or household. (1.) his garment: occurring in the ]1ur [or in] subot. [meaning Continuancafor a And a simple *, jdi. [Suc.h a one enti And A atj
lxxiii. 1. (TA.) forth, and left behind himn his family, or his . He wet famnily and his cattle]: and . forth with his faminly and his camde and his He H.i£j, did the act deQ. L Xjg, in£ m. sheep or goats, not leaving behind hims aught of noted by the epithet Lj expL in art. oj, voce his property. (AZ, TA.) -_ [Hence, app.,] .. .L.td (in one of my copies of the 9, i'jl,] He j. (TA.) _ W'j .in a~ is lIike '6.a [i. e. took it altogqether; (~, v ;) namely, a thing. (0) The going an eay and a quick pace] in a horse. 'And Hie took it with its .l [or utensils and (TA.) furniture]; as also t Alfj{( and V , (1) and jLj and j and t J1j are expl. in the 9 'a j. (L,TA.) _AndaJUjt 19 ts" i. . Nin art. Pj [q.v., voce ,J]: in the 1], in the m,rous (familiesor household]. (, 5.*) present art., agreeably with the opinion of Abooj.'jw, whence 'j(..1: see the next pre- 'Obeyd. (TA.) [The first is said in the TA, coding pgraph, last sentenoe but one. voee 4, to be syn. with LiA, q. v.] - The first is also applied to an m, as meaning Fat; 'zslm: se jAJ', in four places. whoe back it e~en by reasn of tahefat. (Lb, TA.) long time,] from jl in the first of the senss asigned to it above; and so f "j, with Oamu. (1Apr, TA.) - Also, and , Ji, (9, Mb, :, &c.,) the former a contraetion of the latter, (Mqb,) A time, whether little or much; (8, M 9b, ] ;) thus accord. to Er-Rtgbib; (TA in art. ^ ;) as being a space capable of division: (Mb :) and so says EI-Munnwee: (TA :) a time considered with re~pct to its beginning and its end: (Er-Rnghib, [as meaning a pace, MF voce ~L :) or i. q.j~ or period, of time]: (M1,g:) [often meaning, without any addition to qualify it, a long time; as in an instance of the usage of the latter word above: (see 4:) what follows here applies to eachlt of theso words:] differ in ome rupects from O' and from ,1.: Sh amerts it to be syn. with ; but AHeyth says that this is a mistake: (TA:) [it is so, however, sometimes, aoord. to several authorities, hasbu been sho*n in uL r ; and particularly as meaning fortune, or fate:] IAth says that it is applied to the whoble of what is termed ,JI [uas meaning time], and to a

,3 JAp see Jj.

to be such as is temed epaj, i. e. qffected with a lwprotracted diseae; (M 9 b, TA;) or crippled, or deplwired of the power to mowe or to stand or to walk, by disease, or by a protracted disae: or made hima to be affected with what is termed [(t j, expl. below, as meaning] IL) [ce.]. (TA.) It is said also of a disease [as meaning It deprived him of thea power to ,noe &,c.]. (TA in art. . )

j_Xj A boy, or young man, light, or active, Js4 A hoemakW' knffs (9,1, TA) with upOn whom his pursuer can hardly lay hold by which e ct the lather. (TA.) [In the TA, re~oa of his lightne in his running, and his it is expl. u meaning A h~maers going tAis way and that, quickhly, and deceitfully, in art. ,,

J; i

eo l- ;

1254 portion tAhreof: AHeyth says that it is the Ot,j i. e. seaon] of fruit, of ripe dates, and of heat and cold: and that it may be [a period of] two montks [as meaning any one of the six tasons of the solar year] to six months [as meaning the half-year often termed umnimer and the half-yeat ftebn termd winter]: (TA:) [thus] it is applied to any one of the four quarters of the year; (M 9b, TA;) the fihst of which [in the order in which they are commonly mentioned by the Arabe, i. e. autumn,] is called by the Arabs [of the clasical age] &JI, but vulgarly atJIl; called by the former name because the first rain is therein, giving growth to [the herbage called] tile .;; and called by the latter name because the fruits are gathered therein; and it commences when the sun enters Libra: the econd [i.e. winter] is called J1 ;: and commences when the sun enters Capricornus: the third [i e. spring] is it is also applied to the time, or period, of the reign, rule, prefecture, or the like, of a man: [and to the life-time of a man:] with the philosophers, it signifies the measure of the motion of the ninth (or greatest) spherl (,J.b'l Jiul): (TA:) [and there are various other explanations belonging to the conventional language of the schools, not to the proper language of the Arabs: (see the " Diet. of the Technical Terms used in the Sciences of the Muasalmans:")] the pl. (of 'ij, M 9b) is X 'ajl and and (that of i j,,Mqb) iajl ($, Msb, g.) [Thedim. ofj, i e. XJ, see below.] In the following trad., .,,U; l1

[BooK L.
X,j (1, Mgh, Mgb, 1) and t 'e;.j, (g, TA,) applied to a man, (9, M 9b, TA,) Having, or affected rwith, a mWlady of long continmace; (Mgh, Msb, TA ;) as also 6;; (ar p. 182;) or crippld, or deprimd of the power to more or to stand or to walk, by disas, or by a protracted diseau: (TA:) or having what ist trd [expl. below], i.e. aIl: (V, TA:) or aJfficted

[with what is so ,tee~d]: (:)

pl; ii.j, (. ,

TA,) of the former, (TA,) and i (M b,J]b, , TA,) [likewise] of the former, (Msb,) or of the latter, as also j. (TA.) - [Hence,] jA
jil jr .I S[He ie remix in rpct of

.X1l, vulgarly called `.sI; and commences when the sun enters Aries: the fourth [i.e. summer] is '1, vulgarly called .. 1l; and commences when the sun enters Cancer: (Mb :)*
* The two following tables exhibit the principal divisions of the Arabian Calendar. The latter of them shows the places of the months in relation to the solar year at the period when they received the names by which they are here designated.
Tni QUARTaR.

Togcther called by some o JI, and .,.i1 1l1.

TUE sIX SI&soNa. Sep t.1 .AT. :LD':. btArl. , ' RAM£9. shortness of lives and the scantiness of blessings. (TA in that art.) In another trad. it is said, A' a 1: ,1 JOct ,, ,, o, t. a .. r. L. X. la5jl lt;J3 ,;JLS, meaning [Sh us wed to Autumn. D Dec come to us] in the life-time [lit. time4] of Khai. i ·-... Jan .} deejeh. (TA.) And one says also, vL*;ii i.

briskness'or romptns, po~rlu in rse of C;-MJI l b ; I Ctpl [When the time desire]. (TA.) becomes contracted, the dream of the believer will L.j: see X*j, second sentence. scarcely ever, or never, be false], what is meant is the end of time; and the approach of the re"j A space, or period, or a long space or surrection; because when a thing becomes little, period, of time. (TA.) See also last enlj, its extremities contract: or what is meant is the tenco. day's and the night's becoming equal; for the interpreters of dreams assert that the times [of XS,j: asee wO, third sentence, and again in dreams] most true of interpretation are the season two places in the latter part of the paragraph. of the breaking forth of the blossoms and tlmhat of the ripening of the fruit, which is when the day -J Bee ,-. and the night become equal: or what is meant is i-.j [dim. of ij] You say, CP'l ;1* 1,i, the coming forth of El-Mahdee, when the year will be like the month, and the month like the meaning thereby .Jll I; (5, ];) [i.e. ... week, and the week like the day, and the day I met him tonse time ago;] like as one rays like the hour, deemed short because deemed delightrul: (K in art. .3 :) or it alludes to the M,i1 ;tll, meaningal9*l : ( :) or meaning ;.1!.&1 a )I [in a time conisting of some, or several, subdivisions]: (TA:) or i.,d
i

Together called by some ¥1.

I

*Jor'9lM' 0j

P

,, a Spring .

I

:} as ~.1 orwl& AprY. 1'Al~t p I , Mae j Lb.1
Jun Jul! AueY) Sep

JItl means i,jl '1 J. [thre seasons ago; or, app., three or more, to ten; (agreeably with an explanation of,4i1l ip,I voc; ;) by i LWjl *ta, meaning 'Otj j. [i.e. I have not met being app. meant periods of two, or three, or six, h(imfor a long time past: but in this case, accord. months]; (T in art. . ;) and the like is said by IAsr. (TA in art. ~.) to the more approved usage, one should say Lj and ic.j Aj ., (Lh, ,* TA.) or
.

and

j

].

!0

um: 1r. Summer.

or d,.i,
.11. l1

Tnm MolqT!m.

THI PEnIODS OP RUBA.

Sept. Oct. ii. 11.
.,p

Nov. Dec.
..

1.

'r 1
,

2.

Jan. Feb.

4.,~.~ ~ ,~,
Mar. Apr.
J

a."

IDJI.

7. 8.
]o. .

May June

;

July Aug. Sept.

& 1n

Mostly

JI

Dry.

(For authorities, and further information, see the words here mentioned, and more particularly *, and e;; under the latter of which it is said that the third and last of the Six Seasons are called by some, respectively, JL3JI e I 1 and j;1l jl; and also that the appellations of the 3rd and 4th months are differently pronounced by different persons; and that some exclude the . from the rains 'called' .l: and for the Calendar of the Mansions of the Moon, see .;.il 0jU, in art. Ji.) The months are said to have received the names here given to them from Kilab IbnMurrah, an ancestor of Mohammad, about two centuries before El-IslKm. These months were lunar; and from this period, with the view of adapting their year to the solar, the Arabs added a month, which they called :.'Hl , at the end of every three years, until they were forbidden to do so by the ]ur4-n (ch. ix.): but the months still retrograded through the seasons, though much more slowly. The abolition of the intercalation wuas proclaimed by Mobammad at the pilgrimage in the tenth year of the Flight.

[q.v.]. (9,- M,b,.) [Used as a simple _subst.] it signifies also A dicase, or an evil affection, syn. aii,(J,) or a, (I,) in animals: (?:) [and particularly, in a man, a dinae of long continuance: or such as cripples, or deprives of the potasr to move or to stand or to walk: (see j.j and ' .j :)] or want of some one or more of the limbs, or members; and privation of the povers, orfaculties. (lar p. 315.) And i q. &j [app. as meaning An Wil evmnt or accident, a misfortune, or a calamity]. (KL.)_ Also Lovw. (I.) [ae,j LtL, A while; an indfinits dsort time; as distinguished from *"CU at.C, which is an astronomical hour: and so, often, AL. alone.] ';>j.: jsee
X.*j.

L.j an inf. n. of ;j

CJ.? Of long continuance; of long tanding; ovr mhich a long time has past. (TA.) [You say j4 :l Stale water.] And j 3jz [Cronic cough]. (] voce low .)

Q. 1: see the next paragraph.

BooK I.]

,M4J -j-,j
Mob, g,) aor. ', (, TA,) or 2, (Mqb,) int n. (S, Msb, TA) and c'j, (TA,) It beca retained, or suppressed. (9, MLb, ] , TA.) Also Iie, or it, clatw to the ground. (g.)_ Ile hastened, or matd haste. (].) -And 11t was, or became, affected with a liely emotion, either of joy or of grief; syn. b s . (].)~See also 2, in two places: and see 4. _ j is albo expl. in the 1 as signifying j; [(He throtrtld, or strangled]: but [SM says,] I have not found any of the leading lexicologirts to have mentioned this, unless it be a mistranscription for iA. [a meaning assigned to this verb below: me 4]. (TA.)

suspicion: whence the saying, t lj,, Q*. ;-,.! They (the tare) shone, (9, V,) ~jA s. A io m and mntemely bright. (TA.) - It (the eye) ,.j j..l &A A The: ape, or baboon, or monkey, beca.. red by reon of atnger, (i,) on the occahas consion of some di~reing event; (TA;) as also (;;,l),) worse than he is the person who . 'is ccived a suspicion: (A, TA:) [for] j _,1, (so * . '.j. (AZ, 9, - ;jt It (the face) in three copies of the S and in my MA. copy of grinned, so aJ to display the teeth; or became contracted, with a atCer, an austere, or a the ],) or V j l, (thus in the CV and T! and morose, look. (].)- It (a day) became in- JM, [in the second and third of which it is exteey cold. (i.) pressly said to be "with kesr," which, however, the author of the lC should have added, accord. to .#i,j Intene cold. (S, .) Such is prepared his usual practice, if he meant it to be thus,]) by God as a punishment for the unbelievers in signifies t.l.. (8, g.) the latter state. (TA.) In the ]ur lxxvi. 13, I);j imeans IIurting cold: (Bd:) or [simply] l3 Mtl: sec what next precedes, in two places. cold: (Jel:) or, accord. to some, it there haes the gL, and &j 4., [which suggests that Cj :,j meaning next following. (B, Jel.)- The mnoon; is an inf. n. used as an epithet,] A water, and (1 ;) in the dial of Teiyi. (TA.) waters, small in quantity, and narrow: (s:) p~.. Laughing so as to shom the teeth: ( :) [for] ,jj signifies strait, or narrow; like Vlj and from the likenees to the shining of stars. (TA.) a. ~j [which do not belong to this art.]: (TA:) or - Angry: (l :) or violently angry. (S.) · ;jt :L means [a place of water] of n,hich one knows not wricther tlwre be in it water or

4lj

.)

2. i U 3, inf. n. 3, lie straitened, or oppressd, him; made strait, or close, to him; (8, ], TA;) as also tV . (TA.) The verb occurs without ,, written ,jj, by poetic license, in a saying of a rijiz cited in art. , as an ex. of the word 21:. ($.) And ijtlJl 4; I.IJ,j occurs in a trad. as meaning They made tb stones strait, or clos, to him, or upon him. (TA.)

1: see 4, in five places . [aor., accord. to rule, , or the see. pers. may be .j, and the aor. -, and the inf. n., in this case, Cjj, which see below, but the T4 makles its aor. to be , and the inf. n. lj,] sinews dried up. siJ (1g.)-- _ ,j mean,s j C . (whicih may o be rendered lie hept in, or retained, his urine, and then dribbled it, or his urine wros keit in, or retained, and then dribbled]. (TA. [Seo .e~[.])

.ot. (K-) Uj J4i Shor t [or contractedl shade; like UJ
[mentioned in art. lj]. (g.)

4. ;;jI I thought him to possess good or evil; i. q. ej. (TA.) as also t ^.j, aor. ", inf. n. .j: or both mean I ' One supprusing his urine and his ordure: imputed, or attributed, to him good or evil: occurring in a trad.: or, as some say, it is ., (M,b:) or t a. or he thought such [q. v.,] with '.. (TA. [But see 1, and see also a one to possess good or evil; like dJjl; syn. t e.;: what here follows.]) ( :) or, accord. to Lm, one says, d i'.ijl and .I thought him to po~e [property anl (as appears from what is said below on his authority) wealth]: but Y °.C,j is what the vulgar say, and is wrong. (TA.) And ,,t &Wjlp ° " ($,) or (]g,) and also UC, V j; (I.lar p. 112,) [andl accord. to Golius l, mentioned by him as from the ?, but not found therein by Freytag, nor by me in either of my copies,] I suspected him of a thing, or of such a thing: (8, ], and ubi hIar supra:) [but] Lq says, 6AJ j' 4
jiJl [app. meaning that ' is not said in relation to that which is good: ace whiat is cited on his authority above]. (TA.) And .t e.jl He suspeted him of the thing, or affair, like ,5 (An n. -a" a, e.Jil;~. nd ie is su,pected of

sUjl Re made him to ascend the mountain. (Myb, I,' TA.) - 6jl also saghifies vhl~j A Jluid like mucus, that falls from the .I.l: (8, , TA:) so in the saying,jsl i.J UjI noses of camels: (K:) but the more approved [He constrained him to have recourse to, or to do, the thing]. (TA.)_ iUjl iHe retained, or word is L .la). (TA.) M snppressd, hiS ntine; (Mqb, I ;') as also Uj; i.ft~j A man rwho suffices for himsclf, without the latter verb being trans. as well s intrane. any otiher. (1g.) (Myb.) Oi j One who opines, or conjectures, muck; fUj Straitness, or narrorwnes; syn. i.k (.
[So in my copies: perhaps a mistranseription for t,l, a meaning mentioned in the next sentence.]) m Strait, or narrow; syn. Jj,: you sayJ1t;

4.

.JI L.

ij [A strait, or narrow,place]: and ij

[A

ojl One suppr'eJinghis urine [or his ordure]; syn. OJQ.: such is one of the persons forbidden, in a trad., to act u .il to others. (TA in art. yi): mentioned also, but not expl., in the present art. in the TA.) [See also the next preceding paragrapb.]

.L ljl

S. Uj, (9, M,b, KJ,) aor.:, (Myb,

such a thing]. (P.) gasin says,
*

(.)

;St * 1 L. aa. i. e. [Chaste, staid,] she is not suspected of evil:·· 51 [in which ' ' may be from V j1, or from .s· jl:] but some restrict themselves to the quadriliteral verb ['jl]. (M 9b.) 8: ee 4. Bk. I.

K,0) inf. n. tj and :J, (S, Mgb, ],) lIe acrnded the mountain. (8, Msb, JC.) t! U;j, *i A small skin for water or ,nilk. (Xg.) (8, R,) aor. as above, (,) inf. n. :;j (S, 1) and ,ej, (K,) lIe (a man, 8) had recourse to it (a [See also a ;l in art. j.] thing, TA) for refuge, protection, preservation, concealment, covert, or lodingag. (S, ]g.)_ And 6lj: see tlj, in two places. lie approachedit, or drew near to it; (g, TA;) Ujl Alore, or most, strait: so in the saying namely, a thing. (TA.) [Hence,] ' %j, -5.-j _ ~ y (Ste wed not to (8,) or :, , inf. n. :'j, (TA,) HIe dren, U~jl Y1 tsn* near to the [age of] fi.fy [years]. (S, TA.)_.Uj lore, of worldly enjoyments, or bleurings, sare t.e said of the shade, (8, R,) It became short; (S;) more, or most, strait thereof]. (MF.) it contracted, shrank, or drew together. (].) Said of a place, (TA in art. *j,] It mas, or became, strait, or narrow; and lj, without ., inf. n. Q. 2. L.e -j,jJ He behared proudly, or _,j, is a dial. var. thereof in this sense. (ISd, 1., haughtily, to us, (Q,* TA,) atui frowned, or TAi all in art. jj.) - Said of the urine, (8, looked sternly, austerely, or morosely. (TA.) 158

narrow wrell]: so in the Fii]. (TA.) - Short (8, g) and compact, or contracted: (g :) applied to a man: and to shade. (e.) Retaining, or suppreuing, his urine; (9, Myb, g;) as also Vt ~j. (Mtb.) So in a trd. in which it is said that a man is forbidden to pray when he is .j; (., TA;) or where it is mid that the prayer of one who is vt I.j will not bhe accepted: (Mb :) or the latter word in this case means one who is ascending a mountain; because he has not fiull power [to prny], or because he is straitened by being out of breath. (TA.) m Also, (app. because of its narrowness,] A grave. (TA.)

12a j,64iI The lion. (s.) jj Small, or young, (], TA,) anti li#ht, or active: applied to a boy. (TA.) _ Sec also _."j. J -e. t~j Large, or bulky; applied to a ship: %? a lare, or bulky, you say ajj (1>:) 3j signifies a sort of large, ship: (TA:) or Also Heavy; or bulky, slip. (8 in art. ~j.) applied to a man. (J1.)
* ,-

2^j -jJJ [itself]: (Mb :) or, as some say, it is a certain flower, which is put into t.c [i. e. oil of mssacs, or, as being likened thereto, because of its clearness, white oil before it becomes altered], and the like, and of which is [thua] made an [odoriferow] oil; like as is done with other species of flowers. (MF.) [In the present day, this name is applied to several species of plants: namely, Mogorium sambac of Juus., Lam., Desfont.: - Nyctanthes sambac of Linn.; nyctanthas undulata in notis Amcen. academ. 4, p. 449: (Delile, Flor. Aegypt. Illustr., no. 8:) - and Irisgermanica of Linn.; or Irissambac of Forsk.: (Idem, no. 26 :) - also the orpips,called~] j, lily.] - AlsoThe [?,nuicalreed, (AA, T, TA,) or jlj.. (Aboo-M&lik, 1.) _

[Boo I.
land of 'Omdn, (AHn, TA,) and in El-Yrmn also; (TA;) neUll known: ( :) [or the root ther.of;] a certain root, or roots, (accord. to dif. ferent copies of the g,) creeping bereath the ground; (K, TA;) burning, or biting, to the tongue; (TA;) growing like the stalks of the papyrus, (1, TA,) and the es,l; [mentioned below]: there is no wild sort of it; nor is it a tre that i eatenfresh lilts as herbs, or leguminom plants, are eaten; but it ix used in a dry state; and its conserve is the best of conserve; and the best thereof is chant i. brought from the country of the Zinj and Chiina: (TA:) it has a property that is heating, or warming, digstive, lenitieM is a small degree, strengthening to the wenereal faculty, (Q. TA,) clearing to the phlegm, (TA,) sharpening to the intelect, (g,* TA,) and enhilnrating: (TX :) if mixed with the moisturn of the liver of the goat, and dried, and pulveried, and used as a collyrium, it rmoves theAdfilm [upon the eyje], and obscurity of the sight. (14 TA.) It is mentioned in the ]ur, where it is said, Lj.. Ji e . [Ixxvi. 17 and 18,] W0 '.' U_3 [The admixture whereof shalU be JeerJj, a fountain thearein named Sel,tbed]: [or ginger], i.e. it shall have the flavour of JeJj which the Arabs esteem very pleasant: it may is [essentially] in the wine of mean that j ~.j Paradise: or that it is the admixture thereof: or that it is a name for the fountain whence this wine is taken, and which is named Selsebeel also. (Az, 0, TA.) As some assert, (ISd, TA,) it means also 1Vine [absolutely]. (9, ISd, V.)_

Jj: seeo the next paragraph, in two places.

J.Jj [The hor.net, or hornets; a large sort of wasp;] a stinging kind of ly; (K;) a certain kind of Jflying thing that stings; (T, TA;) i. q. (TA;) and t jjj signifies ~sj. l Wins: (IAyr, K, and T in art. .. 1:) or J., (8,) or j.-; the same, (I,) [or app. is lhe n. un.,] and so wine such as is termed and ;,. (IAmb, (9, ,) a dial. var. mentioned by TA in art. does WjtqJ; ] ) 18k: (8:) [being a coll. gen. n.,] jJj is [somej.J A certain herb, or leguminous plant, hot, times] made of the fem. gender: the pl. is .alij: burning, or biting, to the tonues, and that causes (8a:) and,jjl sometimes means the jlies of the headache. (K.) neadows or gardenst (ubwbJl 4j). (Iam p. 824.) - Also A young au that is able to bear burdens. occurring in (g.) - And A large rat: pl. ', mentioned and J.'j dial. vars. of poetry [app. for ,66j].(TA.)- Also, [as an epithet,] Light, or active; culrer, or ingenious; (], TA;) mentioned by Abu-l.Jarr6J/, from a man of the Benoo-Kilib, and he adds that it means light, or active; (TA;) quick in reply; (s.) _ Also, and ?;eJ (], TA ;) and so tj. and 4jj, A certain tree, (K, TA,) of large size, (TA,) rewmbling the n,J. [or plane-tree], (~, TA,) but not wide, the leaes of rwhich are like thou of the nut-tree in aplearance and scent, [q. v.], whtite having blotoms like thou of the tinged [with another colour], and having a fruit c.ractly like the olive, which, whAn fully ripe, jery sweet, and is becomes intensely black and eaten by men like ripe datea, ha. a atone like that ,f the 1W9 [or fruit of tahe seeice-tree], and dyes the mouth like as does the mulberry: it is planted. (TA.) - Also, the same three words, A specie. of the 1>3 [orfig], called by the people of the towns and village the 'I1;L. ;gl; (IA,r, g, TA ;) one of tl atstrange treeJ of the deaert: pl.,qi. (IA9r, TA.) see the next preceding paragraph.

in art. Joj [q. v.]: pl. J'eAj- TA.)

1and

, (AA, S, Mb, K,) the latter

being a dial. var. of the former, (Mab,) both of them chaste, (TA,) [but the latter is the more A certain herb, or le uminow jJJ common,] and t jJI (8, K) and t h4.40l, (K5,) leaes of which are like [thon# of] the plant, the A certain nation of the blacks; (8, Msb, V.;) [or salix Acgyptia], and the twigs are .J&.i [the inhabitantsof the country called by us "Zanof theface termed it clears the [discoloration red: guebar," including the " Zingi " of Ptolemy, near a large portion the entrance of the lRed Sea, and medJ ; ., and the [Ipots in the skhin ter~ of inner Africa:] their country is beneath, and and it kills dogs; (K ;) wherefore it is named in to the south of, the equinoctial line; and beyond relation to them. (TA.)_.,, l J]3 iq. them is [said to be] no thabitation, or cultivation: .t~'~l [a word of Perian origin, now applied [sometimes applied to the Negroes absolutely; by Arabs to A spec~s of carline thistle]. (V.) for} some say that their country extend from the [Accord. to Freytag, llorminnm, or salbia silwestens parts of Africa nearly to Abyssinia, vestrit: but this, I believe, is what is called in [comprehending the whole of Nigritia properly #.]e 1 , so called, or at least the whole of the countries Pem O or lecampane]. (i.) common inula, helenium, the clanical the Arabs of of the Negroes known to ages,] and that part of it is on the Nile of

v./TI

Egypt: (Meb :) the n. un. is *

j nd .

, (9 in arL Q. 1. 1- ., (Lth, 9,) inf. n. (AA, A'Obeyd, S18k, 8, .K,) like as .oi is of occurs as a broken pl., J.j,) He [filipped,or] struch the thumb upon, or .j:: (TA :) and 1 . against,the middlefingerniththeforefinger: (? in meaning the diviions and subtribes [of that naart. .j :) or hefilliplped with the nailof hi thumb (1, TA,) tion]: so says AAF, and so in the M. (TA.) * .l, J1 is like , 6J. and that of hisfore finger: (Lth, A, ] :*) you way meaning He took it altogether; mentioned in meaning he put the nail of his thumb dJ Jj, is the which the latter u*j [of " and art. J. (TA.) of hit fore finger, and then filipped upon that more common, A man, and a thing, of, or belong&ep ,*jI A land abounding with ,.ij [or 9j ee the mith then to him, (Lth, A,') saying L c]: or . ing to, or relating to, the hornets, pl. of ;,J; the , being rejected in its [Nor, or not eten, the like of this will I give preceding paragraph. formation]: (g in art. j,j, and ]:) similar to . kels- 7j. thee]; (Lth;) meaning thus, 1 bd, and &la:i, meaning U ;.l and Aj'* (A.) The subst., (a,) or die name of this [ection], (Lth,) is t? j. (Lth, g.) 5 : >asee the first paragraph.
v.

.

jp,j [mentioned in the f and M9b in art. j;] Oil of jasmine: (9, :) or this is called C.j ,l, and is of the dial. of El-'Ir4; (As, TA;) J . (Ginger;amomum zinziber;] a certain ) signifies the jamisu plant growing in the country of the Arabs, in the [for] it is said that sj ·

,3 (,A filip, such as is described abov]: see what immediately precedes. - A milpari g: as also,.**j: both foreign words introdueed into the Arabic language: mentioned in the T among quadriliteral-radical words. (TA.)- -A

BooK I.] whiteness [or white speck] seen on the nails oj young persons; (AZ, Y ;) likewise called JJ and j'; (AZ, TA;) u also t p. r (AZ, g.:) _Accord. to IAyr, tthis last signifies lhai i the end of the thumb [or of the thkmb-nail] taha from the eztremity of the tooth rwhen a maz [presse the former against the edge of an uppett front tooth and suddeniy lets it go forward, and' says, :j,i 5 5.. i L I have not any thing for thes: not evn this: (TA:) [i.e. ii means anything; always used in a negative I phrue.]

~

- ii

1257 Mgh, L, Mhb, 1,) which is also syn. with *j, Ugh, (Kr, L,) and ),'j (L) and [of paue.] ,;jil and U;jl, (1, M, L, I,) the last anomalous [accord. to general opinion becanse the medial radical is not an infirm letter]; (TA;) and pl. pl. ;ljl. (L.) 69 I-Ience Hence one says, Al Lft -- ;, (TA,; s,; or ?V" ?61l, (A,) [lit. He is one- whose h4j prod,ces fire, or swhose .,j producefire,] alluding to generosity and other commended qualities [of the person to whom it is applied]. (TA.) And A 0 1 sLl;Uj 4 t [lit. [lit. Mfy .Uj have, or hasn, produced fire by thy means], (f, A, ],) said by thee to one who has aided, or assisted, thee. (s, kI.) And .); Jij ;S 0b -c,- U% t[lit.lamonewho I [lit. I am one who producesfire by means of tAy ·. .Pj, Pj, and all the good in my posseuion is from thee]. (A.) [Hence also,] l.qj thm]. -j . ') t [(ly weeping will not bring as a returnfor it so much weelping as a Lj; i. e. it will not avail aught]. (Iam p. 83.) And aae.. J : so,ee art j. And

-10 t [Two piece of stick, or $rood, :"j? 1 jQI,~ for produingfire,in a bag or the liAe]: a prov. denoting denoCing lownes, ignoblenes, meanness, or weakness; and applied to two weak persons together. 6 (Meyd.) And . -A v4 : see art. .-. Hence, (A,) t Euch _.Hence, . i.q. q. [ie. He relapsed in his pain] (].) the fore arm; [the radiu of the two bones of and the ulna ;] (A, Mgh, L;) onre of which is more slender than the 5. ,j He was, or became, straitened, or em1. , aor.:, (, 1,) inf. n (a,) said of other: the extremity of the ,lj next the thiumb oliter: oil, (, 1,) and clarified butter, (JK, L,) and barrased,and contracted in his bosom: (A:) he * food, (L,) It was, or became, altered [for the was, or became, straitened, or embarrassed,so as is called , t-45 , and that of the ,3j next the little worme] (, K, TA) in odour; (TA;) [stinking, to be unable to reply, or to ansmer: and he was fint.rer finger is called ~.j the . [or wrist] is the angry; (A, IJ;) and was incensed. (TA.) The rancid,] bad, or corrupt; like (JK.) place ofjunction of the e,ljJj, and the part where And, sai(d of a lamb, or kid, lie raised Ais head saying of 'Adee, the hand of the thief is cut off: (L:) in this sense . * t i 4 in smiltig, by reason of choking, or of drynes 1 mase.; but improperly made fem.: (Mgh:) tihe tu f Ji.iI Cb gjl 1) W a -L . 5.C of thefauces. (](.) two bones above mentioned are called the v1j 3 i I ` l s L4a1 a as as being likened to the O,,Oj withl which fire is p, applied to oil, (S, gI,) and clarified butter, produced. (A, Mgh.*) And in some one or more [WVhen thou jestest with men, be not altogether annfood, (i,) Altered [ for the worse] (1, ]g, TA) in odour; (1'A ;) [stinking, rancid, bad, or cor- foolish, but say lilts as they have said, and be of the dialects, ' l . i is The .L not straitened, &c.,] some relate with kS [in the rIt; like see -L]--fJe Camels [q. v.]; and eWj,AI [q. ~,, the t1 [q. v.]. : see art. xgj]. (TA.) havin.q their bellie straitened,by reason of thirst- last word, sayin,g t (L and TA in art. ,...) [Also] The pa; of the ing (Kr, K, TA) time ofter time. (Kr, TA.) fore armn which is diveted of fJlesh : of the mnse. Oij [A piece of stick, or mood,for producing for# fire;] the utpper one of the two pieces of stick, gender: pl. j (Mfb.) And (L) The part where the extremity of th fore arm joins to (he or wood, (;.jc, P, M, L, V, or L,) with it hand [on the side of the thumb and also on the 1. w.l ,,j, nor. -, ]£e produced fire [with a rwhich fire is produced [in a manner described side of the little finvger, as is shown by what .j and ;4] (A, TA.) - [Hence,] ji lj4 belotr]; ($, M, L, V;) of the masc. gender; follows] follows]: there are two parts talled together ,j&J1 1 [They kindled the fire of rar]. (A, (Mqb;) [or mase. and fem.: (see .t;*, in art. ol,3j; (~, L, L, 1;) the and the ,o a.. .3j:)] and * ;Oj is the appellation of the lower TA.) - See also 2. ;3, a aor.: (,) inf n. one thereof, (, M, L, (~, L.) - Also A certain thorny tree. 1,) in which is the notch, ij, (TK,) 1le (a man, TA) thirsted. (g.) or hoUllow, (L;, M, L, or ,;, A in art ,u ,) .#jj ,.)j A q., (], TA) consisting of a stone s.';j, iif. n. ,j, said of a she-camel, Her wotnb or in wolich i a Aole (.i, f), [whence thl fire is wrapped up in pieces of rag (TA) which is stuffed cameforth on ler giving birth. (L) produced;] and this is fem.: (?, M:) one end of into a shet~camers vulva, when Ahe is made to take ; j is put into the ,i of the ;Sj, and the a liking to the young one of another: (i.:) it 2. j, inf n. .p, He made his .j to pro- ,the has a string attached to it; and when it distree j is then (rapidly] twirld round, in producing has duce fire. (];.) Ie lied. (g.)- He fied her, theyj pull it out, and she imainea that she (], TA) a water-skin, or milk-skin; (TA;) as fire: (A in art. :) [the [t, h best kind of .j is has brougAt forth a young one: so say AO and also 1 j, (1, TA,) inf. n. j; and in like made ofj&i ; and the best kind of V j, of ,: othem others (TA.) manner a watering-trough, and a vessel: and he (see these two words :)] the dual Ol is ap.filled iis water-skin, or milk-skin, so that it be. plied to the two together; 1 ;~J: see ,j, in two places. ($, M, L;) [and so, am came like the j, i.e. [hard, orfirm, being] fw very often, is the sing. ZSj:] one should not say amjsee oj; of which it is a pl., and withi > (TA.)... [1He made, or rrnderd, narrow. You U13ij3; (~, M, L, 1] ;) for it is a well-known which it is also syn. [In the present day it is iay,] was IoThe hors Aas a nostril rule that predominance is to be attributed to tie 0 commonly applied to A steel for striking fire: which was not made narrow when he wtacreated. mane.: (MF:) the pl. [of mult.] is ;5, (V ind , M, 1 and has for its p1 ;. ] 1G58

(A, TA.) - [He straitened, or scanted; made strait, or scanty: see the pass. part n. Hence, app.,] 4l;' c ;j [He straitened, or cantedl his family; made their circumstances, or subistence, strait, or scanty, to them;] he was hard, setere, or rigorous, to his family. (L.) _ lie Iunished beyond his ,iht. (I, TA.) He clharged with niggardliness: (TA:) or he, or it, made, or rendeled, niggardly, mean, or sordid. (KL.) i-WI ; j, inf. n. ,*;, Theshecamel, having a [turmour of the kind called] iC3 in her vulva, had her vulvn perforated on every 0,side, and leathern thongs insrted in the holes and $'jq: see the next preceding paragraph, in L tied tight: (ISh, TA:) or .i; [as inf. n. of two places. ,j] signifies a she-camel's having the vulva 1 perforated with smaU sharp-pointed pieces of wood, and then tied with [threads or stOingJ of] j4 j A certain dye, [or pigment,] ellU known, hair: this is done when her womb comes forth (AC,) of a red colour, with which one writes am well as dyes; [namely, cinnabar:] its virtue ii after her having given birth; (S, ;) on the ks. (v.) See sidmilar to that of white lead; or, a some say, ol authority of IDrd, with iJ and also the next paragraph. 3 JC [a kind of stone, used medicinally, from 4. Ajt, (J§,) said of a man, (TA,) i. q. ijj the Persian &,li]: it is of two kinds, native and [He exceeded, &c.]. (]~, TA.) _- [iHence, app.,] factitious: the native is [formed by] tihe transi r tion of a sulphiureows substance into quicksilvr: 4* ... J.0J L.,as also I. ., . i. q. . [it is a ltlphureous ore of quicksilver:] thefacti. [meaning No one is more su.fficient for tious [is what is called wermilion, and] is oj A, thee than he: see art ,,j]: (I:) or no one ezxvarious sorts. (TA.) ceeds him to thee in exceUence. (TA.) _ ) j

.i,

-

=

5":

(.)

1

1258 [Made, or rendered, narrow]. You say 4iA garment, or piece of cloth, orf little 2i. ;tjl [A bathern A, width. ( 1.) And water-bag] narrom, but long; [sch that] when thou soest that there is somewhat in it, [thou lookest again, and] lo, thLre is nothing in it. (A, TA.) - A small, scanty, gift. (A, TA.*) Narrow; ($, 1 ;) niggardly; ($, A, 1;) tenaciou; (TA ;) who will not confer a small benefit: (A:) lorw, ignoble, mean, or sordid: (TA:) chAarged ,ith niggardlineu,and heldd to be littlls: Oj..

125j8-[BoI

tBooK T.

4j

(1I;am p. 178:) and i. q. L.4. [i.e. one ,vhosm origin, or lineage, is surpected; or an adopted son; &c.]. (15.) And A man quick in becoming angry. (L.)

[ise adopted, or held, or profesed, j was, or become, a the tenets of the bjjj;] he was, or [generally,] TA)' 5,, (;,a : . the right from dCeiater e. [i. aJ became, a religion, or an impugner of religions],and without religion; (KL;) [a disbeliever in the oerld to come and in the Deity, or the unity of the CreSl. Q. 9.

ator: (see

ii2.j :)

and an asserter of the qnues,J.]

neu of time: see

jA,3, (Th, 0, L, K, [in some of the copies of
the 7, and in my copy of the Myb, stLIA, which, as is said in the TA, is a mistake,]) and t,.jAj, A man very niggardly or avaricious. (Th, O, L, ]~, Meb.) U,~J a subst. from thie verb above mentioned; (P, ] ;) [The adoption, or belief, or profeion, of gonerally, deviationfrom the toets of the jtij: impugning of religions, the or the right religion, is without rdigion;] who him of state and the and in [the Deity, come to world the in disbelief or] thea unity of the Creator: (T, Mgh, Meb:) [and the asertion of tlh endlessne of time: ee _Also i. q. p. [as meaning Niggord] -.

linen, or aarice:see J.j]. (L, TA.)
aI a v .1..

j;.j a dial. var. of (TA.) as )jia ofr i.

"

[q. v.]; (15;) like

GA One rho is of the X,vi [or asertersof the doctrinu of Dualism]: (f, b, ]:) or one who aserts his belief in [the two principles of] Light 'i and Darknes : or one who dos not beliee in the one or world to come, nor in the Deity: (0, 15:) L j He filed it; (g;) namely, a vessel, rAo does not believe in the world to comu nor in and a water-skin. (TA.) See also what next the unity of the Cretor: (T, Myb :) or one who follows conceals unbelief and mak an outward show of

5. jj;3 ie (a Christian [or Jew or Sabian or other instances, an affix denoting some kind of L, the relationship,]) or ;S ;j, (TA, as from Magian]) bound a jlj [or waist-belt] wpon his [but not very clearly written, and with an erasure, waist. (A, Msb.)_tIt (a thing) becamse nddr, such as to euggest that the original and right or narrotv,(A, K,) to as to be like a jUj. (A.) reading may be ; ,"j, which may be rendered ;ji (S, A, Mob, V) and IjU3j (A, O) and t ,j holder of tha Z~nd, but]) which is expl. as mean(1O) The thing [meaning waist-belt] that is upon ing he [who] asserts Ais belief in the eternity, or the waist of the Christian (S, ° A,* Mqb,* 1) and the ndlessness, of the present world: (Mgh, TA:) AMagian; (. ;) the thing which the P. [or free or it is arabicized from CsO iOjj, i. e. woman's non-Muslim subject of a Muslim govenment, religion: (0, V:) or the right explanation is who pays a poll-ta for hisfreedomn and toleration, this: that it is a term of relation to the ,j, which i. e., Christian, Jew, or Sabian,l binds upon his is the book of Manee the Magian, who was in waist: (T, TA :) .[accord. to the K, from ~j3 "it the time of Bahbrm the son of Ilurmuz the son of became slender, or narrow :" but the reverse is Siboor [or ShApoor], and who claimed to be implied in the A: see 5: and it is more probably successor to the Messiah, on whom be peace; d(rived from the Greek a.vp,;, as observed by and, desiring fame, composed this book, which Golius, or ovaptor,, as suggested by Freytag:] pl. he hid in a tree, and then took forth: ojSll, in (A, Myb.) - See also j. .Uj. their language, is "explanation ;" and he meant that this was the explanation of the book of Zara- jejj: scejUj. dusht [or Zoroaster] the Persian; and in it he ,P;as also * ¢Uj, (TA,) j, (T, TA,) or held that there are two gods, Light and Darkness, signifies Pebbl!s: w'hich TA,) of.eUj, sing. evil: creating Darkness and good, Light creating el-'Uloom," Mefateeb " the to (TA:) or, accord. (IAsr:) or small pebbles. (A'Obeyd, Kr, ISd, a also and ,.32j means a follower of Mdnes, and Ii.)- _Also j and t)Uj, (Kr,) or * . follower of Mezdeh, who (i. e. Mezdek) ap- t ;,j, (TA,) Certain small flies (Kr, l) that peared in the days of l5ub6dh, and asserted that vA.A [i. e. gardens, or privies]. (Kr, possessions and women were in common, and put are in forth a book which he called oij, which is the TA.) book of the Magians, that was brought by Zariin two places. 9j-: sceeUj :eand ce, dusht, whom they assert to have been a prophet: and the companions of Mezdek were named in in two places. see te;:., relation to [this] jsj; which word, being arabih>p A woman tall, and large in body. (1, f.i.j: (Mgh :) Th says cized, was converted into TA.) that ,.J is not of the [genuine] language of the Arabs; (Mgh, TA;) and when the Arabs desire Such a one is looking .i J t2 to express the meaning in which it is commonly hard at me, and making the eye to project: so in used, (Mgh,* Msb, TA,) which is one wrho does the "Nawadir." (T, TA. [See also the verb, 2.]) not hold any religion, and who asserts his belief in the sndleness of time, (Mph,) they say °;J, (Mgh, MYb, TA,) i. e. [a deriaterfromthe right 1. --JJ, (JK, S, O, 15,) namely, a mule, (JK, religion, or] an impugner of religions, (Mgb,) a, :, (O, TA,) inf. n. or a horse, ( K,) aor. 0,) and a .j: (Mgb, TA:) some say that it is from ,j, (JK, TA,) He put a ring in the thin shin U,jsil; because the Ljxj straitens himself: (L, beneath the part under his lower jam, and then TA:) an Arab of the desert is related to have ex- attachted to it a cord: (JK, O, ]:) this ring is plained it as meaning one who lookhs much into put to the head of the refractory mule; and is things, or affairs: (Mcb:) the pl. is ZiiUj and called t6iLjj: (JK, O, TA:) or he put a t31j j,tuj; (;, O, Myb, 1 ;) the latter being the in thea part under his lower jam, in the shin: (, original pl., and the ; of the former being a 0:) every cord with which a beast ia tied, [atsubstitute for the suppressed US of the latter. tached to a ring or otherwise] in the skin beneath (O, 0.) the part under the lower jaw, is called ' jlJ [or , V53l: (0, TA:) in the 1:, j j, like :,, ; but this is wrong: (TA:) what is in the nose, pierced, is called Olt. (O, TA.) - Also, (IDrd, Il,) aor. and 2, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (KL,) He bound his legs by means of the JlOZ [or Aj, q. v.]; namely, a mule's; (IDrd, 15 ;) and in like manner, a horse's. (TA.) (This meaning alone I find in the KL, given on the authority of tbh Mj: but Golium says, as on the authority of the KL likewise, that it signifies also ie fitted a shoe to a horse'sfoot; followed by an accus.] se Pj, aor.; And joj, (IAyr, 0,) or Ia.

beief: (15:) an ambicized word, (~, Myb,) origi-

2. ;j;

(M#b;) or

;j,

(1,) inf. n. jj;

nally Pers, so they may, (Mqb,) from ,t, which is a book belonging to them [iL e. the book of ,tej, Zoroaster]: (P$:) [or from the Pers. meaning mUgian, or fir.-worshipper: and this seems to be its primary meaning; as De Sacy says in his "Chreast. Ar.," 2nd ed., ii. 274 :] or, accord. to IDrd, it is an ambicised word from the Persian es.j, (Mgh, [thus in my copy, app. for t [h looked minutedy at ms]: and ', ;3j, in which the s may be, as it is in many eye looked minullty. (A.)

(TA;) [but the former is more probably correct, as ij3, mentioned below, is its quasi-pass.; or perhaps each is correct ;] He put upon him a jUj tHe [or waist-blt]. (Mlb, K.) -_ (TA: looked hard at me: so in the " Nawadir:" 3,jj .&f, [,e also the act. part. n., below:D or

j Ji

''

his

(1 ;) and t&pjt; and * .3, (IAr, O, ],) inf. a.
Wj.; (IA, 0 ;) t He straitened his houeold,

Booz I.]

Ljj -.

j

12'9

by rson of niggardliu or powrty. (IAr, O, il [app. here meaning sheep as well as goat; form of the ALjof te ar; to hatv lnaw; and I.) And O oi and ,il, I strait- though sheep are said in the f, and in one place to be one of the wort of plants. (TA.) -See in the TA, to have no &4.j]. (TA.) also : ,. md sucA a one. (JK.)

A ,

3: ee above, last sentence but one. 4: ee 1, lant two sentence. ,the jLi [or 6iji. ,J.) thin part of an arro-head: pl. &j. (JK, Ibn-'Abbad, *K.)
Oj

.,j The [projecting] thing that is beAind the cloren hoof; also called ,j; (., C;) of which it is a dial. var. (f.)

i~: see 4il.
.Uj A calamity, misfortune, or eil accident.

(.)See also ¢iU;. Aj A camel having a ti j, i. e. a thing [or 0 portion] of the ear cut (S, I) and lqft hanging .,etj, applied to a goat, [and app. to a sheep doamn [therefrom], (1R,)which is done to camels also,] Yaving [two wattle, sueA as are temed] j see of generous race (., 1) only; (.;) as also tj,l OEj [of which see the sing., i.;j]; as also and j.*: fem. 4;j and *tfj and t4*j,: iai A narromw L [or street]. (g.) - A ,tj. . (TA.)_Also, and ',j, One adopted narrow part of a valley. (JK, Ibn-'Abbad, O.) (X,C:) pl. of pauc. ,,1j and :W;,j. (Y4oot, among a people to whom he dos not belong, (Fr in explanation of the former word as uneed in the .. A bend in a wall; or in a L., [or street]; TA.) [8See also _.j.]_ .;,j li"3t t A ewe that .ur lxviii 13, and $ and AI,) to which some add, (Lth,JK, O;) or in a side of a houue; or in a is held in high estimation; [not signifying having (TA,) not being needed; as though he were a narrow, or very narrow, road of a vaUley, [so I a 4J,, as meaning "having a kind of wattle;"] [as ( render .lj , (see .ij,)] in which is for [it is asserted that] the sheep has no aij; i;j among them: (f, TA:) and i.q. meaning likewise one who is adopted among a wrhat resmoiles a plarc of entrance and a tniriting that pertaining only to the goat. (S. [But see people or by a person (though understood in some or winding: a subst. in all these senses, having no other sense by F)]; (Mbr, MgBh, Myb, TA;) verb. (Lth, O.) i4j %-:l nnd a?4j and t 4j and V a &;j conjoined [with them or him]: thus the former :Uj see 1, in two places.Also i. q. j. was expl. by I'Ab as used in the Iur ubi supri: (S, 1]) i. q. &c., (K,) lle is one whose pro[i. e. ]obbles for a horse or the like, having a (Mbr, TA:) but Az says that the latter word ham portion, or conformation, is that of the slave: or, rope extending from the shackles of the fore feet as Ks says, (or Llh, TA,) the meaning is, truly. only the meaning assigned to it above, voce., to thoue of the hind feetj. (TA.) - And The as an epithet applied to a camel. (TA.) And the #jj: see kind of ornament called 1 -"5 [i. e. a necklace, (S.) [See also aJj.] - _ l former word, t Base, ignoble, or mean; kown by or the like]; (., O, K; [in this sense correctly said ;oj: see what next precedes.. . also sig- his banenae, ignobleness, or meannes, (g, I(, TA,) in the 1I to be like AtS ;]) a certain ornament nifies A certain tree, having no leaves, as though or his evil character, (], TA,) like as the a1t fur wromen, (JK, Ibn-'Abbid, O,) of silver. it were the a.,j of the ;l [app. here meaning [i. e. shep or goat] i Arknown by its a*j: ($, TA: (Ibn-'Abbid, O.) [in the latter of which is added, "because the sheep as well as goat: see ;,j]. (TA.) cutting of the ear is a mark :" but by its itjj is e,j [in its primary acceptation is app. syn. a;j of the ear of a camel: see.,): but accord. here meant "its wattle;" for the cutting of the with jy,pJA in the first of the senses assigned to to El-Abmar, it is a mark made by ctting eoff a the latter below: and hence,] t Firm, strong, portion of the ear. (TA.) - [Of the ear of a ear of the camel is a mark of generous race:]) or sound; (JK, O, K, TA;) applied to judgment, man, it is app. The antitragus and also a small thus expl. by 'Ikrimeh as used in the .ur uhi or an opinion, (JK, O, TA,) and an afflir, prominence of the antihelix immediately above suprk. ($.) And tThe son of an adulteres or a fornicatreu. (TA.)- Also A comnsisioned and management, or exercise of forecast or forethe antitragus: for it is said that] Oj' l C..j sigthought. (TA.) And t 'j [which is app. its agent, afactor, or a deputty. (TA.) , I 'Jl nifies two mall things (.Ot1) nexti to the ', pl., or ijJ _j,] t Perfect t,nderstandings or The lion. (M and .K in art. ,i, q. v.) [or lobule], opposite to the ;j3 [an evident misintellects. (lApr, O, ].) Ulj &U .A .U [or jlute], so called becauso transcription for ;.;j i.e. tragus]. (*g. [So in )Uj: see 1, in two places. all the copies that I have seen.])- Alsb [A inented by ,,, a skilful jL [or player upon hind of wattle, i. e.] a thing, (Msb,) or piece of the musical reed] in the servico of Er-Rlahed j'. Tied, or bound, with the 3Uj [q. v., or flesh, (TA,) hanging from the 'l*~ [here mean- and EI.Moatasim and El-W6thi]: vulgarly called with the JI,j]. (TA. [See also ,Mj.])_ -And ing throat, ex:ternally], (Msb, TA,) beneath each Sj ; said by Esh-Shereeshee to be thus mist Sufering a sppreion of the urine. (TA.)ear, (. and A and I in art. toj,] of the ;al called by the common people of the West. ,/O.')l is the name of A horse of'Amir Ibin-E!t- [i.e., app., sheep as well as goat; though it is (TA.) 7'ufeyl: (fl, *:) and of a horse of 'Attdb Ibn- said in the $ that "thlbe sheep has no that E.l-Wa,r... (TA.) .jl, and its fern. ( see w.Lj): .cpj. ._jJl pertaining only to the goat;" app. because it is uncommon in sheep]. (TA.) [See also ij; and .Jl i.q. i. JI,f1l [q. v.]; (1, TA;) meansee ;.. and a. and t-.]__To this is likened ing , Time, or fortune, to *hich trials are ap. g.,.4i [inf. n. of ;j] The cutting a small the a4j of a tree: see 4. (TA.) _ And [as the pendant: or, as some my, hard, or rigorous, in portion of the ear of a camel or other animal, of the ear of a camel, or of a goat or sheep, its course. (TA.) . See also what next follows. and leaving it hanging thereto. (KL [See serves to distinguish it,] it signifies also tA mark, A camnel of thoSe called I.'*;yl; thus j .])-.[And hence,] The act of marking writh sign, or token. (TA.) - 3JI 1; :j The two a sign or token. (KL [See also the same. word edge [or cuspsq] of the notch of an arrow, (Msb, called in relation to [a sub-tribe (,.ol) of jp or of e;named] t as a subst. properly so termed, expi. below.]) *;. (IAr, TA.) I, TA,) between which is put the bow-string; And The conjoining any one with a people, or (Msb, TA;) as also jd.ll * 'Qj; (I;) but the .,j3 inf. n. of S [q. v.]. (TA.) _- And also a party, to whAich he doe not belong. (KL.) former is the more chaste: (TA:) also called subst. like and O ai3,ignifyring A certain wJl Ija ;s I.j, (inf. D. ,, TA,) They jAlt I4. (; in art. ', and A and TA.)mark of camels. (TA.) snt to me this adversary in order that he might See also %ll Ull, voce Cl. l.jil also sigcontend in an altercation, dispute, or litigate, .njd, and its fem. (with I): see ,,j. - See nifies t A certain herb, or leguminous ptant, rith me. (I.) also ,j, in two placi. Aso Speal in body; (I, TA,) of which Agn had heard mention 4. 101,. JjA 7he tre had a tV.j (K, TA) made, but remembered not any description: it is like . (TA qir, TA in art..nj.) - Also The [i.e. an escresc~e] reembling tAe a.j of the said to gro in plain, or soft, teracts, and in the young ones of camea. (Q, *.) - And .4 certain
-The

The ptlce of

iJj

4;j;

4j

.j

A, -

3

[Boox I.

stallion [-camel]; ($, 1 ;) accord. to some, who good and then is excessive [therein], or from evil three js1 are deemed difficult of pronunciation: and then is excessive therein; not continuing to (Mb :) and the reL n. from o, [having the same read thus, in a verse of Zuheyr, pursue one way. (TA.) [See also Zj.] meaning] is t j. (v.)

(C, Mgh, Msb, TA,) iHe 2. *tJ, inf. na. e [Sundry spoils consisting of the young camels the U:j see what next precedes. ofMpring of Muzennem]: ( :) thus A'Obeyd said to him [Ofornicatoror adulterer]: l1j ( ape read, instead of,jp Si1I, in which the latter (S, TA:) or he imputed to him I,pi [i.e. forni;Wij an appellation applied to A femalr cation or adultery]; (Mgh, Mqb, TA;) and so (';;0. (S.) word is used for a;p, [by poetic license,] because , is of a meaure common to masc. and fem. t Ulj, accord. to the copies of the ]; but in the 1 OJg act part. n. of .i: [signifying CommitM, t *Uj, which, it is there said, has not been words. (EM p. 120.) fornication or adultery: and also a fortiug heard except in a trad. of the daughter of ElIjasan. (TA.)_ See also L m And see 2 in nicator or an adulterer:] (Mqb:) fem. 4ilj: art..j. (lkur xxiv. 2 and 3:) pl. masue. tj3, like :ii pl. Jo. s[. i,'tj5 j3, It mas, or became, i 1. ji9, [aor. it,] inf. [He commnitted of oU: (Mpb:) [and pl. fem. Slj.] s. CIs, in£ n. 3Lj and strait, or narrow; a dial. var. of Uj; (ISd, ], fornication or adultety with her.] (Mghl, Meb.) said to a woman is correct as being [for 4ij i, And see 2. See also 1, in two places. TA;) said of a place. (TA.) Ofornicatress,or adulteress,]apocopated. (Mgb.)

w

bj,

4: seeS. 2. d eL j .ie straitened, or oppremCd, him; madestrait,or close, to him: (ISd, I :) it occunr 3 j: see the next paragraph, often written U a in ij, for license, poetic thus, without ., by in two places. saying of a rajiz cited in art. t ", as an ex. of [i. c. fornication or 3*;j A tingle act of jl also l. ($ in art. uj.) - j the word l: * IJ' is [used in the and TA:) (Msb, adultery]: signifies lIe (a man) became law in his joints. an inf. n., not of properly (though sense, same (TA in art. ej.) un.,) as is shown by its being] dualized: they say sj: ee what next follows, and also art. Uj. : D JA: (TA:) [but this is post-classical:] thus ' Stnrait, or narrow; (s&;) as also t' : using the dual of J;, the lawyers say, 'iJ
(TA in art. Uj, from the F&iil; and in art. U :) [lIe reproachedhidn writh two acts offornication the former mentioned in this sense by IAr; or adultery]: (M,b, TA:) but [ini this instance, ,z4, t [whichl is '.Uj (TA ;) applied to a bog, or other receptacle. and] in the saying ' (li, TA.) [See also .J, in art. Uj.] , dual of .U;, properly an inf. n. like j,] or [lie testified, or gave decisive information, re.j.j rel. n. from jJ: see tle, next artielc. slecting two acts of fornication or adultery,] the

3;WI fem. of ijlJ [q. v.] - Applied to a man, it has an intensive mcaritinz [i. c. One much addicted tofornication or adultery]. (Mgh.)

Mj
L. & M AMg, ,bj, (, A, fhl,, ,) and 4;,

(s, Mfgi, Msb,) aor. ; (9,

;) [the most usual

rilit word is i';. (Mgih.) One says also, ; Lo;j CWs,and sometimes t j, (K,) but the i. q.;3
is n-. sj [often written lSj] 1. sij aor. and rUj, (9, Mgh,' M9 b, s,) the latter an inf. n. g M9b, 1O) also, ($, Mgb, ],) but said of 3 ( Mlgh, by some to bo a dial. var. of the former, (MUb,) the former being of tdie dial. of the peol)e of EI-4ijiLz, (Lhi, , Meb, TA,) and tdie latter of ditho dial. of llenoo-Temeem, (Li4, TA,) or of the people of Nejd, (?, M9b, TA,) le committed fornication or adultcrj/; (EI-Mun&wece, Er-RAghiib, TA;) t with her: (MA:) but accord. to El-Munawee, [it seems to be properly n dial. var. of UJ as meaning he ,nounted; tfor he says that,] in the proper language of the Arabs, Ul signifies the mounting upon a thing; and in ithe language of the law it signifies thi commission of the act firt mentioned above: it is [thius] syn. with ji:

form of the verb;] and .3, aor. ; (9, Msb,. ;) which is the most approved form, though IMP says otherwise; (TA;) antl .j, aor. ; (Th,s ;) inf. n. Mj and ;6laj ($, Mgh, Mb), 1) and aj; (S,1, TA;) lie abstained from it; [nmecaning, from sonmething that would gnrtiy the Ipsions or senses;] relinuishedl it; fowook it; dstunnd, or avoided, it; did not desire it; (,s A, Mgh, Myb, g, and ij [i.e. of & ,,j], ( j,) ]C ;) contr. of

4.d, (A, M;gl,)

and ;

.s, (Mgh,) and

former is the moro chaste, (Az, TA,) meaning d/3 and (MAlt :) or he abstained /l: , t .J 1 [i. e. He is a son of formication or from it, meaning a thing of tie lawfulnes of adultery]: (V:) or 4 ;j W. j and V ,j, (Mgh, which lie o was sure, sofar as to take tite let that thereof, leaving the ret to God: as siient (Mgh,) withl fet-h and tJi, [1 4i '] Mqb,) and and with kesr, [meaning s above, or 4 3,,4 (MF:) or ;laj relates only to worldly things; lle is, or was, born offornication or aaiUtery,] and ,Sj, to matters of religion: (Kh, Myb, V:) : J; amand . -- (Mgh,) or conit. of or both sigunify the exercising onelf in the !;L contr. of -4 .~ o 9cnr service of God, or in acts of devotion; as also , [le !v /: (KL:) ho who makes a difference be(Myb ) or t* j, - and, .&:I i the offspring o0fornicationor adultery,] contr. twecen e Jj and .; j errs. (Mgh.)_jl. j

of Li

and in like manner one says of a woman [".j] (TA:) t js in£ n. e)s, also signifies the same: (TA:) and so does t .lj, inf n. Up and '.U: inf. n. UI (I:) one says of a woman, t .ls, and I, meaning U.l [i.. She commits fornication or adultcry; or prostitut~ hArs.f]. (f.) ' ' ', ~m It is said in a prov., .J .~,. 'j [Her contiance is not continmce, nor the fornication, or adultfry, that she eommits,fornication, or adultery]: applied to him who does not remain in one state, or condition; neither in good nor in evil: (Meyd:) or to him who refrains from doing

1

also signify [particularly The being abstiand nent in respect of eating;] the eating littlei. (A, TA.) - And J1j and Y ojl Ile straitened his iouschold, IJy reason of nigardlineuor poverty. ai, aor. :, (,) inf. n. (TA in art. .j.) s .aj, (TA,) t lie compnted, or determined, its quantit!y, measure, siZe, balk, lproportion, wtent, 3 *j [accord. to analogy signifies A mode, or amnount, Sum, or number; or Ah computed by manner, offornication or adultery]. See the next conjecture its quantity or measure &c., or the preceding paragraph, in five places. - Also The quantity of its fruit; as also ? j&t, (y, TA,) last of a man's children; ( ;) like as .*w signi- inf n. ;jl; and V Ai, inf. n. ,. all used *: fies the "last of a woman's children." (TA.) in relation to palm-treos. (TA.) You say, '~oj ~j [properly an inf. n., but having a dual ,IJ- ;,s a or. and inf n. as above, t I compued by assmigned to it]: see an instance of its dual voce conjecture the quantity of the fruit upon the palm-tree. (Fah.-Sheyb&nee, C, TA.) And ;,uij jL.Jl t I computed by conjecture the quantity, or to, fornication or relating t.$t' [meaning Of, or adultery] is the rel. n. from jj; (9, M9b;) amount, of the property; or the number of the the [radical] U being changed into j because 1camele or cattle. (JK.)
[all a.Ameaning the , AIi,(J and and _ same, and] all withl fet-h: accord. to Ks, how.ever, one may say t e and ;3,, with kesr, but J only with fat-h: (TA:) ISk says that itj and 4 are both with kesr aid fet-l. (Myb.)

and o::

(S :) accord. to Fr, one says,

BooK 1.]

oj ->12

12R

2. & o lj3 [and H.] He made him, or caused rain; (ISk, JK, and TA in art. *;) as also [contr. of ,,ji him, to abstainfrom it; to rclinquisth it; to for- jL.i~; (ISk, TA in art. j.;) ahe it; to shun, or avoid, it; or to be not ;: see alsor.j.] And ) 1 Sji t The small ; (L;) ~sirout of it; (L, Mgb;) i.q. .o . water-courses. (L.) , aj: (Myb :) [i. e.] tran. of j TKho eats little; (T, ;) applied to a and is the contr. of &) ,J1. (S, .'*)(1g, TA. One says, And ~.lI is also tyn. with jIl. (In the Cg, erroneously, j 1,.])

cr,Ul1 and t1[Mfen, or the people, j~it impute to him, or accuse him of, niggardliness, or stingincs]. (A, TA.) And 'Adee Ibn-Zeyd says, i
i tLLI..A
-

.. g -

I.*xl 21.:_il. h,

t

&,P.

a. 4

4- -

A

S 0

i. e. t [And erily thefirst ingle act of niggardlinme, of him who is acting in a niggardly nanner, is moot undutiout to parents; (app. beeause generosity is what they enjoin above aull things;) and he who is niggardly is blamned, and] is charyed aJI OxJ j .*, and I;.aj Ox pJ, with bein a nigg.qard, a low or mean or sordid man. (TA.) - See also 1. 1; with little; contr. of

The piece of stick, or wood, for producing fire emitted dhining fire; made its fire to shine. ~ .i4 j ($, A) [lit.] My fire (TA.)., hath become strong and abundant by means of thee: ($:) and LSPj/ i ,Aj (T, 8) [lit] my pieces of stick, or wood, hae producing fire ham Wood, for producinq ,&j; (S;) or or'Jl ., becomte man; (T;) [and] so becotne pomenful means [in.fire] by mans ponme.ful and abundant [injlre] qf thee: (K:) (1:) meaning, Imy been my want hath be^ of (as in dif- accomplished kil means of tiot: ..JI: (A:) and so .. j or .ej, thee: (T, TA:) like by ferent places in the T,) applied to a woman: LS?J Z ; (Msb;) (M b;) aor. :; At (-S.)Lp, LSf ? contr. of [.c. and] ah. (T.) You say, oi (TA;) inf. n. ; ( CTA;) and ,j; i. e. [Such a one is abstinent, &c., and .and l,aor. :, (,) int. ,j '~lJ, fle, or it, mis, or became, whits; white; (Mqb, (Myb, wanns, (1K ;) t lie, and] a small eater. (A.) - t Small in quantity K;) and beautiftel: (XC: [so in the CXC and in C]~ and beautiful: (Q: or number: (., M.sb, I :) so applied to a gift. my .518. copy of ilic I(; but omitted in tlio TAJ) the TA:]) thc I; MIS. (8.) _ t Contemptible, deslicable, mean, or colour: (TA:) or of any bright white coloatr: paltry. (TA.) - t A man w"ho possesses, or does, or of a brfqht P1Wning colour: (Agn, R:) and,;!j and!j t it (a plant) shining little, or no, good. (A, TA.) t A man (Lb, was, or became, beautiftil: (Akln, and jj, beautifedl: (Ain, TA:) and TA) narrow, or nigardly, in disposition; (Lbh, J9 ', :he became, white, wkite, or wan, or became, he (a man) was, I(, TA;) as also t lij; (K ;) fem. of the former aor. -', (MTyb.) - Sco also 4, in two with 1: (Lb, TA:) a low, ignoble, ungenerous, fair, in face. (Afqb.) mean, or sordid, man; such that one does not plnees. .;jj The sun altered the _JI ;l places. ~ f1 (L.) desire what he possesses; as also 'I. camels. (I.) camels. (lg.)

4. ^ Ire mode (., IS,) ]K,) and a lamp, made a fire, QR, ^jl1 JIe i lie is content (A,) to Vice brightly. Vgice liqltt, light, to shine, or to shine brightly. and made k j %zj&jl ;ibjl [lit., 71hou Thou hast inade (8, A, K.)- LS.3j 4. .u jl, (JlK, L,) inf. n. ;ljl, (JK, , L,) He ' .ej. 6; t narron valley: (A, TA.) -,. ; my lpiece of stick, or mmi, for 1;mducing fir# to piece wood, producing fire mwa, or became, one whose property was not (JK, 5:) or a valley that takes, or receircs, fire; fire, abur,dant emiLt eipsit shini,ng shinipog Are, or abutptlang fire. meaning, desired, because of its littleness; (JK, L;) he little wrater; (ISb, 8, TA;) that is made to flun fliou liast made me to aecompliA accomplish my mane: want: posUesd little proltely, (,' L,) which, because by a slight quantity of water, even as much as a ! thou hast made ace 1]. (A.) -AjI (AUn, T, C, 8, M, A, Mqb, Mfb, j (Aln, (A.) ... see of its'littleas, ras tiot desired. (L.) - Sec she-goat voids into it, because it is even and hard: [and so in the Clg and in my MS. copy of the ClK albo L m .~jt:see 1, near the end. Ij. (TA in art. j.) ]g, but 8M says that in all tho (ISh, TA:) contr. of. the 1 ] it the copies of tho ctled, or made a slhow of, ,oj [See also ;tlj.] And uj"jl ,.j t What is is written , 5. jJ3 lie manif likej.*~!,]) herblike.4*!,]) It (a plant, or berbljl, [or abstinence, &e., generally meaning exercise narrow, of land; and that from mhich mnuch age, 1, &c., &8, and a tree, TA) flonered, &c., jlomered, or in the srvice of God, or derotion]: (KL :) [and] water does not comeforth: pl. ~t,sj. (L.) blonomed; blosomed; (AUn, (Ain, T, , ;, bfyb, bMb, &c.;) &c.;) u also i,j, he devoted himslf to the service of God, or to aor. t; (Mqb;) and V;tAjt. (AUn, 10)-?jl ]p) '; (Mb;) t;ltjl. rtligious ezercises; or appliedtl himself to acts of ,,~j: see the next paragraph. ,AJ,91, llz",,j" Tise The lapid land abounded with ,j;l, and and 1 ;,'j, devotion. (M, JMb.) See also 1. (7j, TA.) Jloner,s. (7,j, .lj act. part n. of .aj [i. e. Abstaining, or jlopi.ot.s. 8: sco 1. TA,) ,j3 t They conttemned, or destpised, hiin, absxtinent; relinquishing; forsaking; shunniig, 6. -,: 1j, (orininally (originally P,, TA,) 8: seo 1-.4 or it. (1s.) It is said iin a trdtl., of wine-drilakcrs, or acoidin ; not dexiring or desirous: and partiIIe took care Ofit, Ire of it, (8, A, g,) anil and was mindful I;,3.1jJl3, i. c. they conteaneel the ~: [or cularly abstainingfrom, or shunning, or retiring qf it: (A:) or (so in ilic TA, but in dbe the the 1 B agand") "and") prescribedcastigation]; held it in little, or mean, fron, world/l! pleasure; exercising himself in he rejoiced in it; (1Ath, (lAth, K;) ]K;) his faeo face berants became estimation; regardIedit as a small thiny. (TA.) the service of God, or in acts of devotion; a sUpting by reason ol!g : (I Ath :) or he m4 *mind Vsining ofit: (Ath :) wa *mind [See also what next followr] devotee]: and V ; has a similar, but intensive, ful of it: it: or [40 [4( jj! signified be thou signifies vigorous, riqorous, t lIe reckoned it little. (g.) You meaning [i. e. abstaining much, or rery absti- militious, 8. s;J! energetic, or diligent, in it; seduClous, earpiest, earnest, onepgetie, nent; &c.]: pl. of the former ;ItbJ. (Myb, TA.) mcaiiing, meaning, in the thing tliinthat I cownmend tlint command tlice tlhee to do; 'i t Such a one rechon .; 4j.i my, 9/i' See also ~,j, in three places. for] :& ; ajl" means [by implication] thy l little the gift of such a one. (ISk, Q.) [See also what next precedes.] thy companion to be vigorous, seducommanding tliy coduA man posesing little property, (JK, 8, conimanding ,i,. lous, IOUs, earnest, energetic, or diligent, in the the thing tJiing A,) so that one does not desire it. (JK.) It is t A small quantity. (A.) You say, .. :j which ttiou wlbicli thou commandest commaindest him to do: (1:) (1i:) all ail&i$L .jA (JK, , ) :Tuake thou the smaU said in a trod., oj 1>4 .1, 1 JUJ0, menning wljich which significations aro from Ej*`Jj Ej* in the sense of for thee: (A:) or as [The most excellent of men is a believ..] possess- 11 qta;ntity that is &s.ficient "beautv, beauty, and brightnec." bri.rlitnew." (TA.) It is said in ing little property. (8, A.) much as is sujfcient for thee. (JK, .. ) a trad. that Mokinminnil bequeathed to Atwo. AbooMoklanmmad bcqtiemlied ablunwhich vessel fiom ]jatidch ]atideli the vemel fiotn wlaich he performed abla. ~j The poor-rate; syn. 3jLj: (A, :) of the authority on mentioned by Aboo-Sa'eed, hirn Tako tion, and said aid to hiMm, 'l a'i 1,~! Tahe .d CJ C4, U* Mubtekir El-Bedawee: so called, accord. to AbooL ij and (8, A, A.#,j, l, &e.,) aor. ;, (Mb, thou thou care of ihix, thiu, and nnd do not Ion lose it, ffi, (8, TA,) but Sa'eed, becauso of its littleness; tIe 3Itj of mindful of it, [for [.for it iq is a thing t?f ofimportance:] ( 1,) 9, It (a star, TA, and the be mindfoti ],) inf n. ;, property being the least portion of it; or, aecord. (TA:) or rejoice tliou in this; kt tkyfam thiou let tkyface bwmo become moon, and a lamp, and the face, O) shone, or to the A, because the fortieth part [whicb is its sitiming by meatis of it: (I.Ath:) or, aowrd. to Th, shiinig means (IAth:) accord. it general proportion] is little. (TA.) 80 in the glitened; (], TA;) as also Vy>jl: (]:) take it up; up; or charge cliaige tAyself thy&eif with it: and he aye aye (fire, 8, A, ], and the sun, A) gave light; shone; saying, 1I 9 i J tL tW [itat ailelh thee that A'Obeyd thinks it to be that thits this verb is Syriae: Syriac: A'Oheyd titiat or shone brightly: (F, A, ]:) it (a thing) was Nabathean or Syriae: Syriac: Aboo-Sa'eed says that it is t th poor-rate?]. (A, TA.) thou refsrc clear in colour, and gave light, or shone, or sione Ambic. Armbic. (TA.) ;&j Ijt Land that does no lom rowith water brightly: (Mqb:) and you say also, of the moon 9 and U: 11: am see 1 ], aor. ', inf. n. eept in con uence of much rain: ( :) or land and of the sun, bj [and that flows wriL water in conuence of the leat .j; andj [and ,j#, aor. ]. (TA.).-ial j , a PL, pl., (:,) (!,) or [rather a coll. ooll. gen. n.] like I

1282
h,
3

iL - Jhi

[Boos I.

(I, Mqb, l[:) or a yellow flower or blossom;

(Mqb,) of which the sing., (],) or n. un., _t Whitie; (S, .;) and beautiful: (':) or ojf thing perished, passed away, or came to nougAt; (M b,) i~s ?3J (b, I,) which latter signifies, a bright white colour: (TA:) or of any .ainin 9 (Mqb, V, TA;) became null, void, or of no ejcwt. 9 colour: (ABn, R:) as also ?;lj. a also 9i , Aj.oer, or bloso, of a plant: (TA.) (1, TA.) And JII1j j I What wasfale, or

;

(lAIr,

it: (TA:) or went emiftly: (IHam p. 23:) or the Onw or fair, in face: (Mqb:) having a brigat, o former has this meaning: and the latter is syn. &Jining,face: (1:) having a white, orfair, and says, ., I j , ajLb [As though the bright, or ahining, face: (g:) of a bright whit with jL [app meaning it $lid along the ground]. And ,, l1v j, aor. , inf n. J flonw. of the hrba wre the shining of the stars] or fair conplexion intermixed with rednss (JRK.) t f The horse preceded, went before, got before, lBright, or hining, applied to ari (A.) - Also 3 (Th, I) and * j, (J,) oi r(TA.) - t o outwvent, or outstripped (?, Mb.) And :.i& the former only, (TA,) A plant: (Th, V:) bul tanimal and to a plant. (AA.)_Applied als S18d thinks that Th, by this explanation, means to water [app. as meaning Bright and clear] U 11, inf. n. M3J(1Sk, $, g) and j3j, (TA a And i. q. tI (app. a mistranscriptiox from the K, [hut not in the CQ nor in my MS. the signification first given above: and MF dis. (TA.) allows the meaning of a plant as unknown. (TA.) ) for L5i1i, i. e. hitec, or rwhitened, applied tU ocopy of the K,J) i Thie addle-camel preceded, flour]. (TA.) t A wild bull: and . a wil went before, got before, outment, or outstripped, o80 in the phrase, ,corr. (, 1 a A want. (, TA.) .) - t A wrhite lion. (s.) - A the horse., or horsenden; (ISk,JK,0,?C, TA;) ;jl signifies the same. (JK.) And t L . .b [I acconmplihed what I wantedIw hite ewer orjug, in which wine iu made. (TA and it ijj, cJ inf.n. Jnj and v&, tSuch a one voce , - t Milh just drawn. (AA, V.) of him, or it]. (TA.) .,., .0,. ·,... 'IA 1 is applied by Ru-beh to The white clouo preceded, went before, d&c.; (I, TA;) or Li ZAJ: ace OJ, in two places - jJl ;^I ($, e -J · 1 fprCeceled Us, went before us, &c., lightning in the evening. (0, .) M', A, Mtb, Vj, and *, jh,(Altit, M,ra,) the (X1_.) and preceded, &ec, the horsce, or horsemn; former agreeable with the reading of verse 131 ofpa fIj> ;. tA white and clear pearL (TA.)(TA;) and ?-il signifies the same. (g.) chap. xx. of the ur obtaining among the people j &jt Three night. of the beginning of the [lunar' ] j said of a bone, (S, 1g,) or. , (,) inf. n. of the amnieyn, and the latter with that generally month: (TA:) or so t;jIt. (Har p. 29.).v j It. marrow became compact andfull; (S, obtaining in El-Barah, (Aat, TA,) (but the ,hjSl J*e Friday. (0, 1C, TA.) l latter is disallowed in the Mib, and by MF,] The [The two chapters of tie Kur-in ) as also t vjl. (L, g.) And 3.lJl zjj, engitled] iJl bea euty and splndour of th prnt world or life; with the same aor. and inf. n., The beast ome, or JI (0, g.) - A camel parting hiJ (M, A, X(;) it goodlines; (. , M, A, ]g;) ita and , became, marrowy in the utmost degre, its maroetwne, or pleauatneas; or the abundance oj leg wide, cropping the tree.. (1.) row-bones being compacted and full. (TA.) its goods, conenie neT, or comfortc; (, M;) ita j.hjo A certain musical instrument; (Mqb;) Also, said of marrow, It ras, or became, comgoodt; (Mpb;) itfinery, (Mqb, TA,) or beauty :~~,~ji J.j ,:) pI. pact andfull. (S, j(.) upon widich one plays: ($, and aplendoar, and abundance of good things. the lute (.) lj (Mb.) One whko makes thefire bright, (TA.) 2: see 2 in art. jjj: and ae 4 below. and turns it over [to preeit its going out or 3. J J vv g (TA [there expl. by eL, jI laJ t Whitenat; (YaTo,b,y,h;) and beauty: becoming dull,] ( U, 1 and TA, in the Cg (I:) whiteme, orfairnue, characteristicofgood '.WA3,)for [thepur ose of attracting]gueste. (Q.) a mistranscription, app. for ?;&jl, meaning birth: (s:) or brigat rAitenabe: (TA:) or any t The truth, or reality, orfact, made nwhat was hAining colour. (An, R.) j~, applied by El-'Ajjaj to the lamp of the fale, or vain, to pas away, or come to nought.]) ... .0.. darknes [i. e. the moon], Made to sAine; from jAJ: aeem ,, in two places: -and Js. 4. &i- j&jl He (God) caused his soul to sh *A^;; like Cl~ from s.1: or, as some go forth, pass forth, or depart. (Mglb, ,pVI [The planet Venue;] a certain atar, (@, say, ehining. (TA.) The phrase 3ltil, JiJI means t Slaughtecr m a M 9b, ],)well kown, (g,) white and briliant, caue of making the soul to come to nought, and (TA,) in the third heavn. (s.) o 1 [the JAJ to depart. (hMgb.)_[Hence,] )jbl,l ji& IHe p.]: oee^l, near the end of the paragraph; 1. ; and - :-a, (;, Mgh, Mb, ,) (God) caused what was fals, or vain, to pass the latter preferred by Itoot and Hr, but the away, or come to nougAt. (, I, TA.) See also 3. obu [Shining;ic. Bee,(]Applied to a [h or piece of stick, or wood, for producing fire, former by A'Obeyd, (TA,) aor. :, (?, Myb, XC,') And *r)1 ;^;1 (S, 0) J.Y1 C- (;) SAe Emitting Aiming fire; making ita fre to kaine. inf n. ,e^3 (g, Mgh,) which is of both verbs, made the arrow to pas beyond the butt. (S, , (TA.) - Applied to a plant, t Beaul, ul: and or this is of the former verb, and the inf n. TA.)-And JI aljJI .J.:jl tTie beast to the complexion of a man, bright; shining: of the latter is ,;3, (Msb,) [but in the V it seems sl4iJedforward the &addle, and threw it upon its and;i )jq. (, q v (TA.) In- to be indicated, by its being said of the latter neck: (S, p:) and, or but, it is said to be with verb that it is of the class of _, that the inf n. tmely red. (Lho,].) a , nid [Such of this verb is Xj3] His soul went forth, paued .J: [i e. one says also, or correctly, accord. to a on#e ha a briliant turn offortune. (A.) 1 a rajiz says, forth, or departed: (Q, Mgh, Msb, V, TA:) it some, ZiJ:] ,;11 4 L He ! waLk. with an elegant, and perished:it died: (Ti:)'-. 1 and 31pl * uJ jyi ,l 6E ,1 )1 z16 a prowd, and efw-ncted, gait, wrtrith an in- .pA are not of the [classical] language of the [tIfear thlat sae may ehijf it forward, and clinirg of thobody from ide to e : (T ,* TA:) Arabs (Mgh.) It is said in the g5ur [ix. S5 throw it upon her neck, or it may si/ift bockoccurring in the poetry of Aboo-Sakhr El-Huand 86] L)tb .&j _ =;1 [And that wards]: [thus, says J,] cited to me by Abu-ldhalee, (TA.) their soul. may depart while they are unbeliever]. Ghowth, with cjIj. (s.) [Accorld.- to my copy Sat iing; giving light; brigAt. (, .) (s.) The primary meaning of J3 is The going of the KL, t J 5 inf. n. of Ai3, signifies t The :, i Hence, (TA) phjw The,) moon.i (b,r.) And fort/a, passingforth,or departing, with difficulty. shifling backwards ofa camerl s dlefrom hi. Th n Am and the moon. (1Sk, Q, A, [.) (Bd in ix. 55.)_[Hence,] J : The back: see 2 in art 3jj.]-And cJI " j (Mqb:) pl. ;1.!, and pl. pl ;1. i (A, *.)

abright,or hining, face: (s:) having a white , , TA,) being overrcome by the truth, or reality, : a (lA*r:) or a jlower or bloeom that has beconu orfair, and bright, or shining,face: (v:) a mu n orfact: or, accord. to latadeh, by JIJ,L is here yellow: (lAr, TA:) 1Ft mys that the term A& 3having a white, orfair, comnpleion, character meant te devrit. (TA.) - And .,i j3 (, is not applied to a flower until it becomes yellow : istic of good birth: (Sb, s :') or ofa bright rhit or it signifies am opnfror or blosom; a flowe orfair complezion, with a /iningface: or mire ' Mb, ., TA) and ij& (Mqb) t The arrow paind beyond the butt, ($, Mlb, ], TA,) andfeU beAhind with rednes: (TA:) and .j a woman wkite or blouom before it opens being called ..

A man rhits, or fair, in face: (Meb:) havimy v rain, passed awoay, or came to nought, (;, Mqb,

;) and white flowers are called

Alb.)

A.,

(a,)

4i,

BooK I.1

AJ -.

ji

123u

t He tes quicA [as though urging himself for- ($S,]:) or marrowy, but not fat in the utmost ward] in pace, or journeying. (i.).- ',jl also degree: or having thin, or little, marrow: ('rA:)
aignifies He fiUd it; (s. O, ] ;) namely, a verel: (., O:) but accord. to the L, he overturned it; i.e. a vessel. (TA.) - See also 1, near the end. and dry, or tough, (V, TA,) by reason of leannesg; so says AV: (TA:) and, (1B,) oras some say, (JK,) very lean; (JK, K, TA;) such that a foul odour is perceived .nrising fr'om the meogre7: see 1, in three places. One says also ness of itlesh: (TA:) thus it bears two contr. At..ji .Jil t The beast leaped, or leaped up meanings. (1.) - And, applied to marrow, wards, (J,) or went ftrrward, or preceded, (0, Comptict and full: (8, TA:) or, so applied, ]K,) in consequence of beating, or taking frighi. good in reciect of fatness: and some say, i. q. (C, O, g.) And The beast fell into a deep place, ;I; [i. e. in a melting state, or corrttpt, ly, reason or from a mountain; orfdUfrorn a mountain and of emaciation; or thin; &c.]: so that [thus died; syn. .j,3. (TA. [See the next para- applied also] it bears two contr. meanings. (JK.) graph.]) In the saying of a rjiz, (S, TA,) namely, 'Omirah Ibn-T.ril5, (TA,) t;j A low, or depresud, part of the ground. (, o, ]p.) A hollow, or cavriy, or deep hollo, or cavity, in the ground; syn. ;.M&: (JK, TA:) aometimea, or often, beuts fall into it, and die. a L - ~-(TA. [See 7.]) I; -, J
.

L;.j, inf. n. L;J, and

which sense .j, inf. n. t j, is mentioned by Freytag on the authority of the Deewin elHudhaleeyeen:] said of flesh-meat. (MA. [See also .i j and .j below.]) And o;. '3), (8, MA, g,) nor. :, (,) in£ n. (9, ],) His hand was, or became, greaty, (9, MA, ],) ."I ~> from thefat: (MA:) or had in it the odour of fat. (TA) - j also signifies Ife ufcrferd fiom indigestion, or hcavi,,ess of the stonmach arisingfromn food Ahich it was too rcak to dig.dst: (JK, :) said of a man. (JK.) A.j, (It,) aor. ', inf. n. .j, (T1J,) It (a bone) mas, or became, marrony; had, or contained, marror; as also .,ajl. (K, TA.)

6. *h

j, It stank: [in

.*j,

4: see what next precedes. A.j Fat,as a subst.: (:) or so ; a particular term for it, not imptying there beihg in it the odour of falit and stinking flesh-meat: (JK: [and the same is said in the TA in relation to the former word:]) or the latter signifies .fat of a bealst of prey: (TA:) or, as some say,fleMh-meat that is raw, or not thoroughly cooked: (JK:) and the former, fat of a wild animal: or of the ostrich: or of horsJ: (I:) or, a snaome any, of a riAl animal that does not chem the cud: (TA:) or in a general sense. (1'.).. And The perfnme hnon byy the name of 1t 0 [i. e. civet], which conmesforthfrom. the [cat called] it&tj../,from beneath its tail, in the part between the anus and the meatus uriNarius. (S.) - Also A fetid odour. (I.) [See also. and j.] .j The fetid odour of torpse or carcases. (TA. [Sec also 1, first sentence; and the last cxplanation of aj;and see jaj.]).Anil The remains offat in a horse or similar beast (Z1; (TA.) See also.. j.
)).

I;Light, and unsteady, or lighlnaitted; accord. to Fr, it is in the nom. case, the poetry (, j,cTA;) applied to a man. (s.) And A being what is termed .i~, [by which is here beast not woeeded ifatmnu. (TA.) meant having one rhyme made to end with k . t A mare that preced, or outgoes, the kesreh (which is substituted for fet-hah by poetic [otr],oe,am, or the horsemen. (Sh, K.) license) and another with dlammch,] the poet aIt s;,a nd aS J%I i.q. a3 1.* (.,0 meaning [And a rope, or many a rope, tightly TA,) i.e. The are of the nnber of a hundred. twistedl, of the fur of she-camels, that were not aged ones, nor such as had their teeth .fallen out (TA.) by reason of extrcene age, nor ireao,] but uwlhose tA ?^; thing ~asing away, or coin,ag to marrom was compact and full: [or, agreeably sog ht; or that paes away, or com to nought; with an explanation given above from the JK, U also *t 1j. (]C, TA.) Hence, in the 15ur jalj may mean in a melting state, &c.:] ancther (xvii. 83], j :II,It1 t!' i.e. [Verily explanation is, that 3jlj here means .,llj [going kwht is fals, or rain,] is a thiug that passes anay]: (S, TA:) but, as Sgh says, the [right] away, or com to nought. (TA.) - : A deep reading is well; (JK, , 1,) aU also tVaUlj; [in the TA !lj ;] and in like manner both are applied to a place of destruction (i'A.;); (JK;) and to a [meaning hut ofa redlish, or yellowish, or dingy, A l [app. meaning a desert in which people wvhite hue, of generou race, having compact and perih] as meaningfar-extending. (I5am p. 23.) full marrow]. (TA.)

6. oat j [part. n. of,bj]. You say, a _ StinhAnd in like manner, (.,) the former is also np. Ui;jl1 sing. of je&lj in the phrase ,.. 'pi plied (app. as an epithet] to a [or ( road, or JItjI S A mare having wonderful, or admirable, ing, fat, flesh-meat. (JK.) And l..j *:. Jls depresed road,] of an overpeering, or over- qualities in running: (A, TA:) or this means a hand is g~reasy: (, :) or has in it thie odour hanging, mountain. (., I.)- Also Light, or mare having a swi;ft running. ( R.) -, One of fat. (TA.) - And Very .fat; having muc/l active; ryn. fat: or having some remains offatnes. (C.) . (JK.) says also, A~ljl Je.JI ,;. and j,ljl, meaning ,4j Perishing, or dying. (Az, TA.) - See t [The horses, or horsemen, came] in troops in a ayj : see 3j. also o.;j, in two plaees. An arrow passing state of dispersion. (A'Obeyd, TA.) -* " CL;.j Suffering.from indigestion, or hearikess beyo~d the butt, and falling behind it: (Mghb, is also the name of A horse of Ziydd Ibn- of the stomach arisingfrom food wrhich it is too TA:) whence the saying, in a trad., Lt. O liinddbeh. (I.) n:eak to digest: (J K, X :) and CjL*&j with dataim [i. e. t C'jl1j, with tenween, for, as is suid in the [j 1 6. [expl. in art."]. (TA.)_ ~j Slain. (El-luirrij, S.) tPreceding, or outgoing.] You say, UAtj ; . (voce t), a word of the mealere J31 has ib.e Slaying, or a slayer. (El-Muarrij, S.) _ t He cameu before, or in advance of, the hoAs, or irs fem. with ;, meaning, if an epithet,] signifies And t A man quick [as though urging himself [the same, or] satiated, sated, or satisfied in Aorsemn. (JK.) And L 3i_t; tA saddle- forward] in his pace, or journeying. (Q, TA.) carnel precedilng, going before, getting before, stomach; as also t c.j. (Z, cited by Freytag And t Loquacious. (JK.) outgoing, or outstripping,the horses, or horrsemen. in his Arab. Prov., ii. 196.) And [hence, app.,] ;Si [`A cause of tel departureof the soul: a (.) - t A man put to .flight: (ff,O, !.:) pl. ~;;j, (Abu-n-Neda, IA%r, TA,) or t O,j, word of the same class as [imperfectly deel. (like the first word) as a proper and 1:a ]._ oJ, (so in my copies of the $,) or Jj, (so in the 0,) or O'j and ;jb, with lamm and with [Hence,] one says of a camel which others strive name ending with J1,] (AHeyth, IDrd, ., TA,) or each, (g,) the name of A certain dog. (9, two amunmeh. (]p.) Water ruing ehe- in vain to overtake, 01.1l Ia' . J mently: (JK, l, TA:) and ta canal (" ) [TAhi camel is one that takes away the breath &c.) c, It is said in a prov., ;j,i t ;.ELWj , U. In the belly of the dog Ot,&j is his pro 'uion: aprunning sviftly. (TA.)~ Applied to a beast of the other beasts, or saddle-camels]. (A, TA.) plied to a man who has with him his appratus, and (4lj), Fat, (JK, Az, $, ,) and marrowy: ~ Vj t A man rcho is straitened. (TA.) what he necds: or, accord. to AA, the caseo wai Bk. L 139

.

120 this t a mn elaughtered a camel, and divided it, iLtj his and gave to [one whose nmme wu] i4.&j returned to recive again share, and then with the [other] people; and it is applied to a man who eeks a thing when he ba received g.j is the name of once: (Meyd:) Z mys that • man who came to a people that had slaughtered a eamel, and uasked them to give him some food thereof, and they gave it him: then he returned to them, and they aid to him thus, meaning "Thou has had thy provision thereof, and it is in thy belly;" and it is applied to any one who has received his share of a thing, and then come, after that, seeking it: or, su ome relate it, it is with damm, [t ,j;,] and is applied to one who is invited to a repast when he is satiated: or it relates to one suffring from indigestion: or OtJ iUthe name of a dog; and it originated from the fact that a man prepared for himself some provision, and was unmindful of it, and a dog ate it; and it is applied to him for whom there is no sarae. (Z cited by Freytag ubi suprL)

.l.&j m by rednes, and yellowness: (JK:) becae red, ond yeUom: (Mgh :) became coloured. (.) · e 1.1 a ·. 0. *fin ),i;JlI e ej& Ls 3 , Hence the trad., or t Ps. [He forbade the elling of thefruit of the palm-tres until its becoming red or yellow], thus differently related. (Mgh.)-._You ay albo, aor. and int n. as above, (TA,) Al.Al 1j, (,) ThA boy grew up; or attainedto youthful ig~our, (.) ... And or thae prime of mnano IIJi, (JK, f, R,) aor. u above, (f,) and so the in. D., (JK, ?,) The ew, or she.goat, became lary is her udder: (JK:) or secreted milh in her udder, and was near to bringingforth. (AZ,

[Boo.I.hA contemned, or deepied, Aim, or it: but of this latter meaning I do not remember to have met with any ex.:] and e t .~sj 1 signifies the name as .Wbjl (TA) meaning 4s 'OA. (JK.) You ;JI *3a and t ;)jt, meaning [agreeably a,: with the former of the two explanations in the a l: sentence immediately preceding] (gar p. 59):) and t V 3A as meaning [agreeJbly with the same explanationl] t..J.l.i/ and 1 uas LiAL : (Id. p. 131:) and o.dI tI' meaning [in like manner] I; and also as meaning *el pleased the peopl, or party: (Id. p. 427:) and t;It1 also u mean-. ing JI 1 s. 1c.[He incited Ai, or e fcited Lin, to pride,or conceit, or tha like]: (Id. p. 131:) lf-.oA. rnderea i and'>1 ;*,j (- ) Pride ceited. (TI.) 'Omar Ibn-'Abee-Rabee# says,
*ts

edj

_ And , ~..)

5)1 "

The wind ros, bew,

or became in a state of commotion. (g.) _- And Jt1 j, (JK, f, M, ]J,) aor. as above, (JK, M,) and so the inf. n., (?, M,) The camels journeyed, after coming to water, (JK, ?, M, ]g,) a night or more, (J K, ?, M,) so says A'Obeyd, (f,) or a nigkht or two nights. (g.) And The camdls pased along, (*(Jd,) so in the copies of the .,

*

,:L;.lj &:J...l LL :

ij

*

6C;;j and C;.j: me the next preceding para- but correctly ;.. [i.e. made much advance in graph, in four plaoes. journeyig], u in the M, (TA,) in earch of paturage, after thy had drunk, (g, TA,) not &Ljaj: noe jt&j, firnt sentence. pasturing around the water. (TA.) The verb at; used in relation to camels is also trans., as will b r offat and stiking~ L.^ The odo~ (JK, ; [and mentioned also, but not explained, be shown below. (f, &c.) - `j [as int. n.of the in the ;]) s abso V;;j: (]:) or the latter trs V. . J, aor. ^.J,] primarily signifies The signifies a fetid odowr [in a genendl sen]: ( :) act of raiing,or elevating: and the act ofshaking; but aeoord. to As, the former signifies the di. or puttingin motion, or into a state of commotion: agr~oabln of odour, witAot tha being fetid, whence 44aJI *j and 4'l 1i i .j [both or altfred [for the worm]; meA a tha odour of expl. in what follows]. (;ar p. 171.) You say, --' -. s banfl~-mat,or tfA odour of thfAs~ of a beast 'I-- lC1'f1 f j The wave raised tae ship. of prey, or tro,g-muling sa-fs; the fish of the aJt or. oL3 a The rivers baving no Ljgj. (TA.) [See also 1, first (TA.) And -:JI mirage raised,or leated, [to the eye,] the thing sentene; and , last signification; and.,.j.] [seen in it or beyond it; or rather, made it to appear tall, and as though quivering, vibrating, or playing up and down; as is perhaps meant to 1. tj, said of sed-produce, It increased or be indicated by the citation above from lar]; aug~r ted; recei~wd incr~ and blmsingfrom syn. ,J ; written only [thus] with I [in the pret. God; or throve by the bling of God: (JK, and in the mor.]: ( :) and ;'.1 3 4_11 TA :) [or,] said of herbage, aor. j, inf. n. j, j l; The mirage is as tough it raid tAhe it attained its JlU growth: (Mb :) or it put tomb and the w~ ' caml-ehicls; or eeMated forth i fruit: or it beame talU: (TA:) and, ' " t-h. (TA.)_ . (TA.)_ tham; expl. by the words trtj , , Mb, TA,) and And a.-J-.1 t!j, said of a person anning, He said of palm-trees, (j likewise of plants, (TA,) *or. as above, (M;b, TA,) and so the inf. n., (, Myb, TA,) thdy put in motion tbh fan; or put it into a state of commotion; as also t j. (TA.) And ,aj beeam tall; (V, TA;) becamu taUl and l-fugrown ; or became of thir fUll Aeight, and ^ 5J, (J,) or *;.j, (V,' TA,) aor. t 51 $.j!t signifies the same: blommd; (TA;) andV . (, TA,) 7The wind shook, ( :) or both signify they (i. e. palim-trees) showed ($, TA,) inf n.j, or put in motion or into a state of commotion, rd,~. and yellone, in theirfruit; ($, Mb ;) (1, ], TA,) the trems, (,) or the plants, or the latter verb mentioned by AZ, but [it is said . ). (j, that] A4 did not know it: (g: [see, however, herbage, aft~r thae dew or rain (k'I what follows:]) or, s some say, the former signi- TA.) _ And 3j, (~, TA.) in£ n..j; (, TA ;) fies thy put forth tAheir frut; and Vthe latter, and ' t&bjl, (0, TA,) in£ n. 1at&1; (], TA;) amexpl. net before: (Mgb:) accord. to Abn-l [not !3aj, us in the TIP, followed by Freytag;] Khatib and Lth, one ays of palm-tree (Je.L) i. q. O..1A: (?, ],; TA:) and o V: ($ :) only . ; not -j; : and A4 [is related to have] [the former of these two explanations as meaning said, l[contr. to what has been asserted of him .e, or it, incitd Aim, or e~ited him, to briskabove,] that when rednem appem in [the fruit mUa, livdinm, or sprightliness; or to lightnm, of] ,palm-trees, one say k.jl. (TA.) And 1j, lvity, or unsteadimn : and the latter of them, '.WI, (JK,) or j,tl; and ' ,&jI; (Mgh, g;) or'both of them, for the former is often syn. with and Vk.j, (!,) inT n. IQ,; (TA ;) [Th dates, the latter, u meaning he hld him, or it, in little, or data beginning to rip,] showeud tfair good- or light, estimation or account, or in contempt;

meaning And whA we diourn#d togtaer, and fa~es rone, beauty sscited the posemore of thm to leity (WIL, andpr ted tAeir ei aAdip.r) ing thm with tAe [or od-coaring], by reason of self-admiration: or, s rome say, the It in Ibabj refers to a woman mentioned before, not and the meaning is, beauty ~axcited to *j.j; her &c.: and thus the women of the Arab used to do when they were beautiful: or you may oonsider the complement of i) as suppreued; as though he said, when we did all that, we behaved with mutual familiarity, or the like; for the complements of i and W and *pe may be sup. pressed, and their vagueness 18y reason of their suppression is more forcible in respect of the meanlling: Is: l means lSt >; for they often suppres the prepoeition with ;J1: (Yam pp. 5'2-3:) [J gives two readings of this verse, accord to one of my copies of the Q: one is with 'LjW in the place of t:.;j , and Jl in the place of tzA./t; wIile!a make no differenoe in the meaning: but this is omnitted in my other copy: the other is as follows:] · . . :---. *- ,

[And wmlen re agreed together, and I saltd, faces advanced, which beauty excited &c, or the possessors of which beauty excited &c.]. ($.) ti *.. J.' Y And hence their saying, [Such a one will not be incited, or excited, to brisAhness, &c., by means of deceit, or guile]. ($.) ,[Joy incited And t l t Mhjl meaning " : him, &c.]. (MA.) [And hence, perhaps, may be derived most of the following signifieations.] Jil aJ tj The jU [orfine dri:zlingrain] made the fowers, or bloussom, to increae is

beauty of aspect. (TA.)

-

1 j, (1,)aor.

*,sji [perhaps a miqtranscription for ;] in£ n. j, (TA,) He made the :..w [or lamp, or lighted wck,] to giv a bright light. (4.) - J0l ;gbj

BooK I.]

a66
-11 i£ The o u,fery, show, pomp, or gaiety, of the prnt life or world. (, TA.) The former noun [when indeterminate] is [with in four places, in the fiat three tenween, j,]1 like . (i) sentences: _ and again, in one place, in the

I mad trat amel to jouru, qa.er .om;,g to

watr, (A'Obeyd, JK, f, ,) a naigAt or mor, the pargraph. (A'Obeyd, J K, $,) or a night or two nrigl. (QL) 4: see 1,

s: ee 1, in two places, in the former half of

Thus the verb in relation to amels is trans. wenll intra (.)_ J i l&j He made a slat quarter of the same paragraph. m ;t-J1 I sign itA tl sword by avoing it, or brandiAing [meaning How proud, vain, boastfI, or self it. (], TA.) -.. GdtI j RHe struck with tAe conceited, it he!] is from bj au syn. with &0; He com- not from the latter of these two verbs, because tij tj, or sic. (P) putad, or computed by conjecture, [to be of the the verb of wonder is not formed from a verb of which the agent is not named. (g.) j,3jIJ ;lj t meaning jj. [(a mistake for *ji~ ie. H i computed it, 1c., to be of the weigAt of 8. .;. [o(riginally j!]: see 1, as a trans.

jJ A shining, glistaning, or brillinc; what-

ever be the colour. (TA.) ,*j: graph.
Me

A_

J, in the former half of the par-

;i£Number, or amount. (JK, Mb.) You

a hum

pound]. (TI. In the TA, ,,' t&j 3Jj AMi, [;,lI or the like being omitted by an overeight,] aor. [which indicates an

omision after Co ].) And .~l

.j,

I com-

puted or computed b cojtor tu, the numbr of implying self-elevation]: (JK, , j:) tanity, or i a Ahundred: (Mgh:) and 1L. ? .sj, also, with the pop, or party. (JR.) _ &j, (JK, f, ,) vain behaviour: ( :) boasting, or glorying: keer: (El-FG'Abee, Mb :)' but the saying of like i (,1 ; ;) and tj, (IDrd,-~, ],) like t.l, (f, :) anid wrongdoing, injustice, injurioem, the [common] people iSL U j.4;~ is not but this is rare, (,) and was diallowed by Ay or tyranny. (TA.) - A false, or vain, saying; [correct] Arabic. (Meb.).. Alo A large numsyn. JhQ; (g, , and ]am p. 24;) a lie, or ber: whence in a trad. respectin in the sense of°j , (TA in art.' ',) aor. ', the time of the in£ n.& j; (IDrd, ;) andt 1.jl; (- ;)'said ofa fabehood; (JK, , ], and Y[am ubi supra;) rersuretion, 34jl e 0 u eo- .Zjl man, (JK, $,) He behamd proudly, haughtily, or an esa~geratioini ech. (am ubi saprL) :,thJ ,t i.e [When ye hear of me co'ming or inently; (f, ], TA;) hews proud, ain, You say, Ijaj jI [He said a false, or vain, and boafdl; (i;) or as pl~ dwtA Aimelf, saying, &]. (]am ubi supra.)- A beautifud from the direction of th east,] aing a loarg (TA.)-And ;JLI j1 ;ignifies Th or lf-~ od: (JK:) k)jli[i.e. * ^.j1],in aspect. (f, J.) - The blomnu, or fow*ers, of a nunwb. plant. (Lth, ].) - The brightnen of a plant ,,i [i. . corporealfort orjre or undtance, like manner, meanse,p: (]ar p. 204: [but this (], TA) by its becoming red or yeUom; (TA;) whicA on os frm a diance,] of th tAirg. more properly signifies, as shown above by an (TA.) explanation of t;ljil, w incited, e or ~etd, as also Y0j, (V, TA,) like jl, (TA,) [in the

say, ,.j .,* How many is their number? or how much is their amount? (Meb, TA:) or, th verb, in eight place. And ,,fI: ee 1, in the computation of thn? (TA.) And St. &j . last quarter of the paragraph. [They are as mny s a hundred ;] they are th number, or amount, of a Aundred; (El-F&Mbee, 9j [is the inf n. of tlj (q. v.): and also has the significations here following. -] Pride [as S, Mgh, Mgb, V ;) or tAir uamber, or amount,

st-b is here put in the plahoe of y bJ,] , levity, or muteadin :]) the first of C1 a theMe verbs [may be originally peM. of tj in the and t."1tj (,TA,) , like u the unre1 ,, as phrme .l ;t;j,mentioned before, but, us J ays,] stricted mention of it requires, but in some'of the is one of a elm of verbs used in the pass. form copies of the ] with damm [i.e. e Uj]. (TA.) though having the sense of the act. form: in _- Also, [or 3(J, as in the T],] A plant !j using it imperatively, you smy, j; ;j. [ Be- beautiful and brigAt, (J,) or fresh. (TA.) · eJ &am tao pro~uy, &e., O man; mee art. ,]; And Dates beginning to ripen (..) tAat are and like this is the aor. [used as an imperative] becoming coloured (;)p), (so in some copies of to lgAt
of every verb of which the agent is not named; for when it is reduced to its esential import, you thereby command something, other than the person whom you addres, to affect, or befall, that pemon; and the third person of the [aor.

St.

j: see the next pruecding paragrph.

sOj: ee j^j, in two pluce. - Ao The red. nsm of color, and bmaty, of garments or clotbd, (JK.) gj [act. part. n. of taj]. termd]
4
-

thal mMnot pature upon te [plant, or trm,

tj; 1

3

Camels

^ 1 I [meaning More, and most, proud, vain, the 1 and ] ;) u also 3AJ, (, TA,) like , used aq an] imperative is never without J, u thu in the handwriting ofA in theT: (TA:) [here, boasAfl, or lf-conceited, is, like ;tji C (q. v.), i not from the latter of when you say, ,~j..A: (f, TA:) J also says, again, in the CV we find ijtb put in the place from tj as syn. with ,J; thes two verbsl You say (TA,) I *aid to an Arab of the d~ert, of [the . .. oil [More aribe of] Benoo-Suleym, What is the meaning of of opib: or perhaps it should be .t41b; u proud, &c., than a crow]; (k, Meyd;) because appears from what follows in the next sentence :] the crow, in walking, ceues not to go with a jk,)l uj? and he answered, 1i mm was in thiosense, .a&j is an inf. n. used as a ubst. proud, or self-conoeited, gait, and to look at pl mtA Aimlf, or slf-con~ited: I said, (Mgh.) One says, when redness and yellownen itself: and th tn o a montaoir -oat]: and Dost thou ay, tj s memning' l (hegloried, appear in palm-trees, 3;I dl jjb , j [Dates or boasted, &e.]?and he awered, As for us, we C> [than a peacoch]: and JS4 and .rAi becoming, or become, red, or yellow, have ap- .t do not ay it. (, TA.) One says also, 5*j - a and ;P'and " [a coeh and a ; and a bull peared is thm; i. e. ~Jl i]: and the people Ut i e. j [Suck a oue glorid, or boasted, and afoo]: all these re pron. (Me?yd.) and imagJe,d Ahiself, or behaved proudly, by of El-UijnA-say, SAAt, with Oamm: (:) [Fei j.at, in which each of the first two letters is ~aom of such a thing]; as though meaning ;j says,] the sub*t. from ~..l t&j meaning "the augmentative, and which is mid to be the only -- AA# A..1z (i.eC. self-conceit ated Aim by palm-trees showed redness and yellownes in word of its kind except 3i. l from J., (MF, reon of uch a thing]. (]rp. 171.)... And their fruit" is p.JI [i.e..damm; v?jJ], with TA,) applied to a man, Proud, haughty, or one .. ys, JJ : kJI J a or Th thing and Alt says that this term is used only when s alo tso' [which more mm beautiful in aspect in, or to, thin eye. (^, the oolour of the date has become free from ad- in olent; (L4, ;) properly means incited, or wcited, to ligAhtnes, mixture in redness or yellowness. (Mob.) You aocord. to different, copie. [The meaning is there shown by what immediately precedes. In say also j ,i A red and beautiJidgarmet or leity, or usteadius~]; (]ar p. 264:) pl. of the l. (L, TA.) [ee also what next threeo copies of the ~, I find the verb in this piece of clotA: and ;.pJ ,A and 1 ,lJ [red former i followr] phras thu written, and beautifl gar &c.]. (JK.) `j,; and only in the Pf, lAj, for Iii, which is the form given by Golius: JAj: ee the next preceding paragraph, latter Ai', from O&, applied to a man, Proud, Fre~g wits th phram ~ .Lg , ~j.]) half, in three plaoea A"ughty, or insolet; (f, TA ;) [vain, and boaast
1590

.: (ISk, 1:) pi. *lj. (TA.). the f and J~, and in the Mgh, or C'j Ul1 Ufj Blright in rsp,t of colour. (TA.) [which signifies the same], ]ar p. 416), or that hare Zelj ,,A5: see i, lIat entence. become coloured (C,L*); (so in other copies of

1266

1o26-6Boz1

z. [Boot

ht~ . t ) (A, Mlb, TA) ~ ful;] pleased with Aimuelf, or self-conceited. oatn the soul shall be coupled, or paired, or Mgh.) And united rwith theirfellows: (TA:) i. e., with their tie married, or took a wife, among the sons of (TA.) [8ee also what next precedes.] bodies: (Bd, Jel:) or, each with its register: such a one. (Msb, TA.) And 1 .lji i. . °.3. aee,iikP,bove. Uh>,4 s (Bd :) or with its works: (B4, TA :) or the souls [lie allied himself to himn by marriage]. (V. in of the believers with the j 4 ., and those of the " l e. J t Sleep perH :.)._ [Hence,] unbelievers with the devils: (Bd:) or when each art. sect, or party, shall be united with those whom vaded him; syn. :Jill. (K:.) L v, qJSJ °or k.J, (accord. to different copies it has followed. (TA.) And so in the phrase, .. j!l The people, or .iJI .ij and ' 6. fj,) .j, originally [from of the $, in the TA j j I coupled, or paired, my camele, otm ~ party, married one another; intermorried. (TA. ' :,--; aI coupied, L3 .J, with another: (A:) or J 1 . or it is I or J,] jj, then khM, and then [See also 3.]) - See also the next paragraph, in (thus in some copies of the ?,) It was decreed or paired, every ore of the camel with another. three places. agaimnt us. (Q.) j1 (TA.) So too in the lur [xlii. 49], ,, I[The birds coupkd, or paired,. 8. ALI them couples, or maketh He Or u5 t;i 4. s3jl, (]C,) said of a man, (TA,) [from j,]1 See also 6. accord. to AM, one with another]. (TA.)awith him another: (Ig, and T pairs, males and females: or, lie came having said of two them of different sorts [or exes], males t. jxl and ti.lJj [and 't. ] , in art. )3:)mentioned by Az and Fgh on the maketh [also] The phrases, or sentences, (A, TA,) tThey bore a signifies for.Cj. female: and authority of IAyr: (TA:) opposed to j331 meanor in ing " he came alone; by himself." (T in art. j.) making to be of dierent ort.s or specie [(&c.]. mutual resemblance in their prose-rhymes, the other; with each connected, nere or (TA.) - ;lt A.- j, (T, $, A,* Mgh, Msb, ,) measure: Jj A pair, or couple; two coupled together; thus the Arabs say accord. to Yoo (S, Mgh) and or dependent, each on the other: and in like (8(, , TA;) [of men, and] of ships and other 18k, (Mgh,) making the verb doubly trans. by manner, tJjl and Vtj3, said of a phrase, or things; (TA ;) i. q. t;j: (1g, and T in art. 3 :) itself, (without a particle,] meaning I married sentence, S It twa such that one part of it reopposed to P meaning " one, and no more." (1, him, or gave him in marriage, to a woman; sembled another in the prose-rhymne, or in the (A, V.;) Akh says nmeasure: or consisted of two propositions conand TA in this art. and in art. 3.) You say, (Mqb, TA;) as also ;4t; L.~, meaning Such one came n ith that this is allowable [app. as being of the dial. nected, each with the other; or dependent, each on 1M; ;'~ [when the other: (TA :) tl~jtl and J) 1A ($, A?l,t, his companion. (v.) [See also art. 3.] sjJ1 of Azd-Shanooah (see 5)]: (Msb, TA:) generally ', it of means by trans is verb the Elby is also the name of A ship constructed sig., () are syn.: ($, A,* :) and Mutawehhil, (B,TA,) the 'Abbdaee; in which has the meaning expl. in the first sentence of this nifies A conformity, or mutual resemblance, [with .. j is not of the language of he asociated in drinking with the poet El-Boa- art. :] 1_1 ;. respect to sound, or measure,] of two words ocof name the is it Q, the to Accord. (TA.) turce. the Arabs: (T, Mgh, TA:) [but see a similar near together; as in the phrase Lo.~ X. curring a mountain in El-'Ir4: but Aboo-Zekerey& Et- phrase in a verse cited in art. X..~, conj. 4:] the Tebreezee, and after him the author of the 1], lawyers say, I. -'. jj [meaning I married him [in the 4ur xxvii. 22]: (Kull p. 31.) and this .jl. and 1ii._ and j-- & deny this, and suppose J to have been led into to her]; but this is a phrase for which there is no is also termed ' error in aserting such to be the ease by the fol(Marginal note in a copy 1!. and iL' and reasonable way of accounting, unless that it is lowing saying of the poet above mentioned: to.) 22nd Muzhir, of the accord. to the opinion of those who hold that '. e S may be redundant in an affirmative proposition, or lj [Vitriol;] a well-known hind of salt; (I, I 1 5. ,' ii -. . - j 0 be substituted it may that hold who those that of which is [but see ,j;] TA;) called .. t ,; for ,.. (Msb.) inwredients of the one a medicinal substance, and [Nor have I een a mountain lthke -jl, that is , meaning species, of ink: (Lth, TA:) [pL ,. or he, It, Cj,] and [inf. ilj, n. ijl 3. made stationary at one time, and becomes led on or sulphate of green, namely, vitriol; of sorts, or at another time if thou draw it along with a was, or became, a couple, or pair, with it, or iron, which is an ingredient in ink, and is geneleading-rope]: J, however, does not say that he him: or made a coupling, or pairingj, with it, or by took this from the poetry of El-Bolturee. (TA. him. (MA.) [And t.'lj They two formed rally meant by the term C:9 when unrestricted s1j, inf. n. an epithet; blue, or sulphate of copper; and [In the Cl, in the verse above cited, tL !1is put together a couple, or patr.]- [And .white, or sulphate of zinc:] it is a Pers. word, in the place of L1.]) ~ [J also says tat,] accord. as above, They married each otler.] You say, (?,) arabicized, (;, 4,) originally e5. (TA.) Ijt tliJ *- [The tribe of HZudheyl interto Ay, WaoJl j signifies What Imappen ofdecreed l..j primarily signifies A sort of tbing of any also 6. pertditionor death: and 3j is also said to signify marry wilh thatof'Ikrimeh]. (A. [See and Ql.t r jl I [[He made them two khind [that is one of a pair or couple]: r-slj and t a decree [of God]: (, TA:) and in the M it is l , two thinge any e. i. couple, or pair, a signifies said that Aj signifies perdition, or death: and j (referring to sentences or phrases) to ham a be likes they whether together, coupled or paired mutual resemblance in their prose-rhymes, or in the accidents, or calamitis, of destiny or ;1i, of sch one either signifying -j measure: or to be connected, each with the other; or contraries: death: but aooord. to the T, Ay said ailt :jj, or dependent, each on the other]. (A, TA.) See two things: (Az, TA:) or, accord. to 'Ale Ibuwith.. (TA.) 'Ees~, a sort of thiatg [absolutely]: (Mgh :) or a also 8, in three places. sort of thing having its like, (EI-Ghooree, Mgb, 4: see the next preceding paragraph. Msb,) as in the case of species; (MNb;) or having V n. ;.j, [inf. and is -;* *. Sj;, (T, $, A,* Mgh, Myb, 1,) its contraryj, (El-Ghooree, Mgh, Mb,) as the l . 5X male and the female, He coupled, or paired, a thing with a thing; thus the Arabe say accord. to Yoo ($, Mgh) and moist and the dry, and the the bitter and the and day, the and night the and united it to it as itsfello, or like. (TA.) 80 in ISk, (Mgh,) meaning I married a woman; i. e., applied to any sometimes though ;) (Mb sweet; as my wife; took a woman in marriage; took /hr the ]ur [xliv. 54 and lii. 20], K.j-l.;3 sort of thing; and to a single thing: (El-Ohooree, (A,'* ;) or this is Mgh:) or it is applied to a tingle thing only We wri couple them, or pair then, [wiAfenmal (Myb, TA;) a also j.; having eyes like those of gaUelle :] (8, Mgh, 8, rare; (1;) Akh says that it is allowable; (Myb, when having with it a thing of the same kind; 3 TA:) the meaning is not the .aj commonly TA;) and it is aid to be of the dial. of Azd- (Mgh, Mb ;) g.A4j signifying a pair, or coupl, known, [i. c. marriage,] for there will be no Shanoobh, ($, Mgh, Myb, TA,) by Fr; ($, TA;) of much things: (Mgh:) the pl. is C1j1: (TA:) 3 in Pardise. (MP, TA.) And so but accord. to Yoo ($, Mgh) and ISk, (Mgh,) [such] pair [JA [lAii. and j X c.,3j lJ And a it is not of the language of the Arabs. (T, §, you say ,1` 1j in the lyur [(xxxi. 7], *z

.:Ijjl

Boo- I.]
of pigeou]: (A:) and a,; t. j [I boght9 a pair of~pigOsu], meaning a male and a female: (9:) and Sla Ir.;j [A pair of sandals]: (9, A:) and in like manner iq.j3 is used in the ]ur xi. 42 and xxiii. 28; ( ;) meaning a male and a female: (Bl, Jel:) or, accord. to the M, jj signifies one of a pair or couple: and also a pair or couple together: (TA:) and in like manner says AO, (Mgh, Myb,) and IKit, and IF: (MSb:) and ISh says that it signifies two; (Mgh;) and so says IDrd: (Msb:) so that you my, j I: nas wel l as i.j [meaning Tlhey [1^ two are a pair, or couple]; (S, K, TA;) like as you say, .t La and C le&: (S, TA:) and 51 ;j 3 5, meaning [I have] twro [sandals]; and .1.. as meaming a male and a female [of pigeons] is a phrase whlich should not be used; one to which the vulgar are addicted: (TA:) IAmb says, the vulgar are wrong in tliniking that tji signifies Ino; for the Arabs used not to employ suel a phrase as A. L ;'j, but used to say .Ojl '5" O-.;j, (Mgil, Msb, TA,) meaning a male and a fem;ale; (TA;) and jiJl .P . ~ j (Mgh, MsIl, TA,) meaning tile right and tile left [of boots]: (TA:) nor did they apply the term ,jj to one of birds, like as they applicd the dual, Cjl.,j, to two; but they applied the term 6; to the male, and 4;. to the female: (Mgh, lMsb:) Es.-ijist&uicc, also, says that the term .;j should not hbc nppliel to two, neitlier of ilrds n or of other things, for this is a usage of the ig,,orant; I,ut to every two, (Myb:) A-;bj: Az says that the grmmarians disalpprove the saying of ISh that .j3 signifies tn,o of any things, (Mgl,* TA,) nndl that JoU . Oj.3 significs [Twro pairs of bh.ots, ur] four [Imuoti]; for 3 withl j them signifies one [fqf a pmir or conllle]: a man and his witf [together] are termed ,Aq.jj: and ',j3 jial in the g(ur [vi. 144 and xxxix. 8] means E;ghlt ones [of pairs or o,ul,phi]: the primary meaning of *; being that first mentioned in this paragraph: (TA:) in the ]Cur xxii. 5 and 1. 7 [it seems to be implied that it means pair or couplle; but more probably in these instances] it means sort, or species: (Bl, Jel:) it is also expl. by the word O [used in this last sense]: (T, TA:) in the mur xxxviii. 58, its pl. tlji meats C 12M and 11i [i. e. sorts, or species] of punishment: F explains the sing. as meaning !9_j L,W4 . , (,J [a ort, or species, of silk brocade and tih like]; but his restricting the signification by the words esoyJ 1 .glt i>. is not right, as is shown by a citation, in the T, of a verse of EI-Apshh, in which he uses the phrase JI.0 ' ,J; [everry sort, or species, of silk brocade], as an ex. of .j in the sense of ea.s (TA.)llence,] A woman's husband: and a man's mife: in which latter sense t,jj ia also used; (1, M, A, Mgh,* Mgb, 1 ;) as in a

1267

!

verse of El-Farezdaf cited in art. J, conj. 10; (9, Mgh;) but it is disallowed by A.; (TA;) and the former word is the one of high authority, (Mgh, Msb,) and is that whioh occurs in the 4]ur, in ii. 33 and vii. 18, (;, Mgh, Myb, TA,) and in iv. 24, (Mgh,TA,) and in xxxiii. 37: (Mgh :) AHI6t says that the people of Nejd call a wife t .;, and that the people of the Iaram use this word: but ISk says that the people of El-H1ijfz call a wife .~,j; and the rest of the Arabs, V ....j: the lawyers use this latter word only, as applied to a wife, for the sake of perspicuity, fearing to confound the male with the female: (MSb:) the pl. of t.jj is tljj; (Msb,

ssj
1. ;ij, aor. 1, (L,) inf. . ;;j, (L, ,) e laid in a stock of piroisionsfor traeilling orfor a fixed residence; syn. l;j g;LA: (L, V:) or
ol; is syn: with ss j; q. v.; and this is what is meant in the p by of }j.il. (MF.) u U,1 as the explanation

2. ;j,

(-, Mrb,

inf. n. *,) -j;

(KL;)

q.) and (.;) and the pI. of ta.3, is (K.j; c. j; (A, Mgh, Msb) and .tljj also; (A, l..jj, meaning four: (Myb:) or
Msb;) and .?ljl occurs [as a pl. pl., i. e. pl. of .ljl,] in a verse cited by ISk. (TA in art. EU.) [lHence also,] A consociate, an associate, or a comrade: (A:) its pl. in this sense is tljjl, (S, A, K,) occurring in the lBur xxxvii. 22. ($, A.)

as also tl,>jl, (s,) inf. n. ;Ijjl; (TA;) and *i;j, inf. n. sj; (MF ;) lie furnished him with, or gave him, provisions ($, Msh, .,* KL) for travelling [or for a fixed residence]. (S, Msb.) [It is doubly trans.:] you say, ;0)- >j S~j.l [Ili furnished them with what filled the provision-bags for travelling-provision]: (A:) and -JI ,jj [lIefturnished him with olive-oil for trarelling-provision]. ( in art. .j.) And Aboo-Khiriash says,

*

·

5

_- And A fellow, or like: pl. 1.ji: in this
sense, each one of a pair of boots is the .j of [And sometimes, or often, he will lrria.q thee the other; and the husband is the c.j of the tidings whom thou wilt not fJrnish with the sandal nor furnish with trayeiling.p'orielum]. wife; and the wife, the j of the husband.

(TA.) You say, i,jI ."

.

(TA.) - [Hence,] ; .S I hare, of with a letter]. (A, TA.)

absj : [I providld hin,

this, fellows, or likes. (TA.) - As used by aritlimeticians, (Mgh, Mab,) contr. of ;h; (S, Mgh, Mlab, K;) i.e. it signifies An even nnamber; a numnber that may be divided into tno equtial unumbers; (Msb;) as, for instance, four, and eight, as opposed to three, and seven: (Mgh:) pl. tl;Jl. (, Mgh.) One says ;> ;i1 ;j [Eren

4: see 2, in two places.

5. j; [IIe became.firnished, or he fnrnished himself, wiith prlvisiolns fior travellinq or for a fixed residence;] he took, or prelmred,.for himself provisions (,* KL, TA)for t'arellingorfor a fixeel rexidence: (TA: [Golius makes it to be trans. by means ofr.,, as on the authority of the or oddl?], like as one says ji;1 -[or rather KL; iii which the only explanation, ns that of 0, .S .. . .3 a.the inf. n., .is.o d.$ :]) and he chos. a thing as stj [or pworision] for himself (.Har p. A [kind of cloth such as is termed] IJ [q. v.]: 92.) Yotu ny, J t- s. jp [Sch a onse was or sillI brocade; syn. ti.: (TA:) or a Am. futrnished, or such a one ftrnished himself, with that is thrown over tihe [kind of vehicle called] provisionsfrom us]. (A.) And , 1 ;.J y [le .<. (?, ]g, TA.) was furnished, or he furnished himself, with provisions for his jmurne.y]. (MAish.) And see ;: see art. J. another ex. vocc ;5. You say also, ;.
I t[Take thou provisions fro; the preent world, i. e. make thou provision in it, ,L.3.j and t .jI [The marriage-state, or for the world to come]. (A, TA.) And -j3 Iyl;S v 1 tA : (HS [He providled himself simply miarriage]: the latter is a subst. from with a letter fi.om the commander, or governor, tjj, [i. e. a quasi-inf. n.,] like .; . from , or prince, to his prefect]. (A, TA.) And 4p and from . (Msb.) You say, L.r a^1 o. i.~ ,. ;? [He got from me a stab, ·a.jil _. and .ljJl [Betwan them two is or spear-wound, or the like, between hiu ears]. the right of the marriage-state,or of marriage]: (A, TA.) (A, M9b:) and 1tjiI is also allowable as [an ;j Provisions, or a stock of provisions, for inf. n. of 3,] coordinate to .vj.ll. (Msb.) travelling (~, L, MSb, TA) and for a fired reusee the next preceding paragraph, in two derce: (L., TA:) pl. ;lj; (L, MSb) and.;"'7; places. the latter anomalous. (L.)And hence, as being likened thereto, LAny deed, or acquirement, '. 3 .,: see ar tj. whether good or evil, whereby one become changed in state, or condition; (L;) [or rather, whereby CoI A woman who sarrie often: (] , .:) one provides for a change of sate, or condition, one whdlhas had many husbands. (6.) like as a travellerprovidus for a journey.] It is

i.;;j: see t;,

half of the paragraph.

in four plaees, in the latter ;j.-JJ le

•tsj:

189
mid in the
]ur

-~Jj. .si a (il. 1981], iH ' I, rily tAh bat
[And w oare mm whos wood of which our bows ae made is hard wood of a neb'ah, and in u is hardines not to be impund and denid]: Aboo. 'AdnAn says, [perhaps reading ;aj, which may be the correct reading,] that he means, we are not to be calumniated, because of our hardness, or hardines, nor to be held weak. (TA.)Jj HRe stigmatized himelf by the imputaj

rVeoo I.
in the :ur xriii 16, is a conmction isnother reading. (TA.).6r;)rie
In hui breast, or cheLt, i jI;jl cring,or distortion. (A.)

f;:

$AIj~l (L) meaning, [s is implied in the L, acqirmsnt whereby to provide for a cAange of state, or condition, is fear of God, or piety: or the meaning is] and prepare ye provriion for

.

I.
, (n

tAnd mal ye proriio; but

crooh

10. jItjl He asked him to viit Ai.

your jowney; and werily tAe best provinion i

by one proid against bgging from tat wA otAer, 4c. (Jel.) - [It is lso aid to be used tion offalsehood. (g) [See also other explanau meaning t Salutation and Th returning of a tions, below.]) j; tHe falfied his -. :I greting. (De Sacy's Chrest. Ar., ii. 415, q. v.)] peech; he embellished his peech with lies; syn. : re;1j, in three place. - Also A caml .. · e. .. £J.jj. (M 9b.) [See also below.] __.j `;J, having the hump inclining. (TA.) - And, with 5, (J,) inf n. ,.3p,(,) t He embeUllihed th lie. A she-camel tAat looks from te outter angb lof A bag, or othfr receptacl, (9, ° Mlb, y, (9, V, TA.)L jj j). t.He remoed, or did her eye, by reason of her Ahemence and harp TA,) for tr ling.pr io, (9, ], TA,) or awoy with, the obliquity of a thing; (TA;) h (B,TA: [see ;`j below: and (temrpr: of eaS for dates, made of leather: (Mb:) pl. 3jl. redtifd, adjusted, or corrected, it; (IAqr, 9, see al*so:i]) and a strong and thlick she-camel. ,tJ [lit. Myb, V[;) whether good or evil; (IAgr, Mlb;) (TA.). And 3j i Ajdsert not of moderate (A, A, Mvb, ].)-- [tIence,] ~j$Wl it. (AZ, 9, F.)T mchA of proriion-bag ;] a nickname applied he beautified,or embe~llihd, Tbe right and sound, ectent, or not easy to travr°e. (TA.) speech made He ;) orforeignrsin general,] t3S to the .c [or Persians, to whom one repair (B.) a person of direction (A4,) prparedit, (AV, M9b,) and meatured it, The breost, or chest: (TA:) or its upper, (, 4) by the Arabs. (?.) [See art. J.] in his mind, (Mqb,) before he or uppermost, part: (f, A, Mgh :) in a horse, (At,) ..; Slpj [A leathrnr water-bag, one of a pair uttered it: (A.:) he rectified, adjusted, or cor- narrownes in this part is approved, and width in whAich is borMu by a camel or other beast;] the rected, it; and beautifled, or embellished, it; as the OJ ; as the poet 'Abd-Allah Ibn-Suleymeh haef (C ) ofa f,;: pl. JP; [regularly also 1 ~jj, occurring in a verse of Nar.Ibn- says, making a distinction between these two or the medial radical is t., and therefore the reg. pl. Seiyhr. (TA.) And [in like manner] ,. ;j parts: (?:) or its middle: or the deatd part ", [a t He rectified, or corrected, the story, narrativ, of it, to the shoulder-blades: or the Prt where is .jdiJ;] and sometimes they mid coll. gen. n.,] without : [aecord. to some,] it is or tradition, removing, or doing away with, its the extremitie of thl brest-bo~ met together: [originally ;i;.,] from obliquity: and t ;)jp he did so (;Z;j) to himulf (]s:) or the whob of the breast of the camel: "ia'., of the mesur and I,41, because one furnishes himself with water in (A.);, a saying pl. ;ljjl. (TA.) Hence, j.JI .1,t The ri 1' !"I"' .;4! s L$10A it for travelling-provision: (Mqb :) [and therefore of El-lajjij, May God have mercy upon a man other ports around the bread. (TA.) [Hence it is mentioned in this art.:] but this is a mistake. who rectifies, or corrects, himsedf, against himelf: also, app. from the action of the camel when. he (TA in art. N,J, q. v.) ($,* TA:) or, as some say, who stigatifs him- lies down,] &j3j UOI S [lit. He threw ;is brmat sef by tae cAarge offalehood against himself: or upon the ground ;] he remained, stayed, or abode. 1J who accwue himselagainst himself: like as you (A.) - The lord, or chief, of a people; (, t Ul I accuse thee [of wrong] TA;) as also Vj*j (Sb, V) and j (IAer, I, b sj3j`) L jlj, aor. j$Jip inf. n. 3J1 ($, A, M 9b, j) say, J " (TA, as from the ], [in a copy of (, MYb, 1) and "lj agaist thyseif. (TA.) ~ j3 is also syn. with 1O) and fjj and;l n) and ;j (, A Jtbl (It., ?) or jtj; (];) and t jjl., (9, A, TA,) a4i [The likening a thing to another thing; &c.]. which SM appears to have found .ajltj His above, n. as inf. bird, of a said mj;j (TA.) ,]) ad , instead of"' jJ W. -. 11, (9, TA,) is of the maure J4l from beor TA:) (AZ, high: became (b.e.) crop syn. with ljj; (A, TA ;) [He ited him: lit.] Determination: (T, M:) or t*j. (], TA.) Ae et Ahim wt hiAsjj [i.e . cAt, or boaom]: or came ful (TA.) stregth of determination. (L.) - See aso he reiredto his j j, i.e. direction: (B, TA:) 4. &1jt He incited him, or made him, to dvit. jJ~ mA palm-branch, or straight and nder [or] hA iined towards him: (TA:) [me also (9, .) You say L d3j1 I made him, or palm-branch, from which the leas haw beoen or he repaired to him: (A:) or erepaired caused him, to tisit another, not myself. (A.) stripped off: (8gh, ](, TA:) of the dial. of ,;j:] TA.) ~ Stone which appoars to h;im frm a daire to se him. (Meb.).. e3jJI :I made Aim to visit deathA; El-Yemen. ($gh, -__j a well, and which, being digging a person to death; i. e., i [Henoe,] ",, jl,j t [lit., H ~ted 5 .]_.;b..u [See (TA.) hilloed him.] [i. e., Ae leaves apparent: ( :) or, it, break to unable Ad died). (TA.) [8ee 4] _*jlj, (J,) aor. 3 t [I will introduce you, or your name, i. U some say, a mass of rocA, iu an aolute J inf n. JlQ, (TA,) He bowd upon him (namely my~ eulogy; meaning Iwillprais you]. (A.) And sense. (TA.)

A,' 1`.) 11: see9.

jl-;

j

a camel), the ro called jlsj, q. v. (l) Rj, He, or it, incline aor. j34, inf. n.

A lie; afalsehood; an wntruth: (, Mfb, ]:) because it is a saying deviating from the sens See ej below.] ..- e hAd the hind of 5. `jp He maid wAat wsfale; spoke faldy. truth. (TA.) 80 in the ]ur xxii. 31: and so it [whioh see, below]. (TA.) (A.) _ See also S, in two places. ditortion termd -jj is expl. in the trad., v.d. La ;. LWs eXll ; [He who boats of abundance wch Ae ~jR , (s,) He honod~ 6. IjjJp They ~ited one another. (9, A, V.) . ;J, (A, V,) inf.·. receied i liAe the wearer of two gar not AaJ Between thm is mutual him; namely, a visitor; treatedhim wit honour, You say, j,p D So, mnt, of fal~ty]. (TA. [See ar. or ho~itality; (, A, ];) made account of Ahis ~iting. (A.) _- See also 9, in two places. .J.li" 9 ged too, in the Vur [xxv. 72], j10l &';.i v~it; (A;) trated m well, and acAkno~ 8. a,jl: ee L _ Als o, accord. to Aboo-'Amr (B4, Ai rght as a ~er; (TA;) dlaught~ for And thoe who do not bearfal ~e or mouthful; Mqb.) [But there are other explanations of thee him, aod tratd Aim with hwour or Aoitaly. El-Mu~rTi, He swallowed a morsel, .) like gjt. (TA in a. words of the ~ur, which see below.] - What it (AZ.) m ils j.i .j RHe annuled the tstimy; or wais: (] :) or fale witne: and a (,, TA;) impgn~ and amued it. (TA.).t 11. ;,. .;e A, MYb, J if,:,) in£n. °; , fale, tAingfor which ou is sctd, syn. ---. (TA.) El-.ptl ays, n.;l, l; (;) - t Anything that is take as a lord in tha p~c a. a a A;) and Vt;,31 (, A, ,,) inf. n. [App. always used in a proper, not a tropical, mention of you, in my ode]. (A.)

(TA.) LS.

;3 j;. t [I Aate introducedyou, or the

8

!;

and tj3!pJ; (9, A,, Mb, ;) Re declited, or of God; (g;) a thing, (],) or anythipg, (AO,
turn ,eda, from i. ( * ,L) A l b, tvo , A,) that i ws~ pd i th place of

od;

BooK I.] (A0, A, 1 ;) a alo * j, with Oj: or a particular idol which ma adorned with jewel, in the [a name I nowhere counry of d-.Dddar(jtI find]). (TA.) - 8ee also j'. - t The association of another, or others, with God: (Zj, J:) so explained by Zj, in the 7lur xxv. 72, quoted above: and so the phrasej3JI Sr, occurring t [A place or] place in in a tad. (TA.) which lies are told: and the words in the ]~ur xxv. 72, quoted above, may mean, And thom who are not praent in plates wher lies are told: because the witnesing of what is false is participating therein: (B :) or the meaning here is the pac~ mere the Christianssit and conerse: (Zj :) or mbw th Jaws and Christians sit and conwrse: (TA, u from the :) or the festivals of the Jea and Ckristians: (so in the CV and in a MS. copy of the ]:) or (so in the TA, but in the 1 "and") a place, (I,) or places, (Zj,) where persons dt, and hear singing: (Zj, :) or pla where personr sit, and entertain themsclve by frivolowu or vain diersion: (Th :) but ISd says, I know not how this is, unless he mean the aussembli of poltheism, which includes the festivals of the Christians, and other festivals. tdgsmt: (I:) orjudgment to which (TA.) mJ recowrs may be had: (s:) or strength of jdment. (A.) [See also j.] You aay, j i ;j.d 1)j lHe hua no judgment to which recourse may be had: (9:) or no strength of judgent : nor understanding or in(A:) or no judgmt, to irkich recourse may be or intelligenc, tellect had: (TA:) for jj also signifies understanding, intellect, or intelligence; (YaqlCoob, ;) and so Vtjj: (A'Obeyd, i:) but A'Obeyd thinks it a Strength: 'A . CTA.) mistrrncription, for in which sense the word is an instance of agreement between the Arabic and Persian languages: (AO, i:) or it is arabicized: (8b:) but the Persian word is with the inclined, not the pure, j J 4 They have 4ammeh. (TA.) You say 3 A rope not trength. (TA.) And j` J J; 1 having strength. (TA.) - Deliciouswn, and srweets, or pleantnme, of food. (i.) - And Softnfs, and cleannea, of a garment, or piece of cloth. (.) -Incliation; (, (TA.)-. ;j inf. n. of;l. Myb, V;) UcA as is termed f.s ; (F;)crookednam; mwrylm; distortion. (A.) -Distortion of the j, (Mgh, !,) which is the upfer, or uppermost, part of the breast, (Mgh,) or the middle of the breat [.c¢.]: (TA :) or the promin~nceofo of its two id aborve the other: (g :) in a horse, the prominem~ of one of the two portions of fleh in the breast, on the right and 1ft thereof, and tlh depreion of the otAer: ( :) in others than dogs, it is mid by some to signify inclination [or distortion] of a thing or part which is not of a and the regular squareform; such as tha 5. iW. (TA.) j, (,1M , &c.,) originally with j, written by the 8heykh-el-Ild&m ZekereeyA, in his Commentaries on B4, with hemz, contr. to the leading lexicologistb; (TA;) or LJ. .; A visiter of womnd: (Az, TA in art 3 :) a man who loae

J3

1269

ji A [mannr of visiting. (i.) One "y, to discourt with women, and to sit wit thenm, (?, k,) and to mir wi th tem: (TA:) so called 1 I; i; 8such a onM i good in his because of his frequent visits to them: or who mannr of idting. (TA.) mires with them i4 vain things: or who mir/e eita them and deires to discourse with thnm: ;13 (AA, , 1 and t; (lA*r, ) A rope, or (TA:) witAout evil, or mith it: (1:) and a cord, which is put betem tie came'a fcre-grth (AA, $, 1,) to prewnt th /kindwoman is termed j,j also: (I:) you sy ;151 and Aind-girtA, and so f_ .3,: (Ks:) but this usage is rare: (TA :) girth from Aurting the animal's J, urine: (AA,TA:) of the a uppreion caing a woman of or it is applied to a man only: ( :) " : (TA:) pl. [of pl. jjl.n (,trad, this description is termed Ed-Dejjl is depanu.] jljjl and jljl, (s,) the latter like o! pl. scribed u bound with 5;jl; meaning, having his arms bound together upon his breast. (lAth.) E.)m of ,, (TA,) and [of mult.] $M. ( , ] Cstom; habit; wont. (Yoo, ].) -A slender Also, both words, i Anything that is a [mean. of] rectification to another thing, (i,) and a defence, ji [or bow. string]: (V, :) or the most slender like the jQJ of a or protection; (lAir, ];) kC, TA: in the C4 of such cords, (t.!: beast. (IA4r.) ~-a 1:) and the most firmly twisted. (TA.) Jt3: see jlj: and see art.jj. [or Hence the ,j [or smallest string] of a j' lute] is thus termed. (TA.) [In this and the Ajj and j: seeoj. next preceding senses, it is app. of Persian origin.] m_Far: (Ya4oob, %,I:) and with 1, a por. ,j: see what next follows, in two place. See alsbo tion thereof: ( :) pl. jjl. (TA.) ;1;j J., and t4j [A man who viiits much]: art wj. a poet says, jA weAement pace. (Y, .) - Vehement; or * i- ' ' I s ' 1i t :ii It strong: (I :) but to what applied is not particu. - J1 r6 larized. (TA.) -Applied to a camel, Strong; U. ,ii U Qq-s` hardy; (TA;) preparedforjourneys. (].) And tL,i ;.J, applied to a she-camel, Preparedfor [Whn her hAuband is absntfrom her, lam not to her afrequent visiter, nor do her dogs become journeys: or having an inclination to one side, familiar to me]. (TA.) by reasonof Aher briskneu, or sprightlineu. (TA.) 5lj A person visiting; a isiter: (,* Mob, [See 3jl.] - See also jj. , (, ( ,) maso5 m · :i) fem. SlJ: (Sb:) pl. X j, in the V.j.: ee art. J. and !t,j, fern., (s, Mtb,) and ;1;j, mo, (, Jij The L . [or crop] (AZ, ]) of a bird; Meb, V,) and j, mas, (],) and fem.: (Sb, (AZ, TA;) as also t 3jlj, (Q, TA,) with fet-b to s, Msb:) and ';;j signifies the ame aU ;S (A, V3j (g, the j, (TA,) [in the C] j1tj,] and t Msb, ], TA) and ;3 1j (TA) and J31 '($, A, TA) [in the CV ;jlj]: and l.i 1 Jjg The re- I, TA) and 1;,Jlj; (i, A, Myb, TA;) being oriceptacle in whict the [bird called] IL6 carries ginally an inf. n.; or, as syn. with ij,jfj, it is water to it young ones. (TA.) _- , 3tj Tle a quasi-pl. n.; by some called a pL of;lj. (TA.) thicket, wood, or forest, or bed of reeds or canes, 'j. e4 l [1 rily (Ai.,) that is the haunt of the lion: so called It is said in a trad., 1 i. because of his frequenting it. (IJ.) [See also there is to thy visiter, or insiters, a jut claim j also signij, in art.;l.] And ;tjI A thicket, wood, or upon thee]. (TA.) [And hence,] fies A phantom that is een in sleep. (i.) foret, (a4,) containing [high coarse grass of the kind calle] iL, ansd reds or canes, and ;lj; the former, in two place. iJlj ewe water. (TA.) - t A collected number, ([,) or a large colleted number, (TA,) of camels, (],) and of sheep or goats, and of men: or of camels, ;J Inclining; (9;) crooked; wry; digand of men, from fifty to sixty. (TA.) [See, torted: (A:) [fem. :lO (-.)_ j :] pl. jj. again, 3ij, in art. j.] Havi~g that hind of distortion in the J3j (or middle of tah breast [J,c.] TA) which i termod Distance; rej3j A, single rit. ($, TA.) ij. (, TA.) - A dog whom breast ( A poet '3 . motene: (, :) from s .i~) is narrow, (J,) and the $t [app. mean(9akhr El-Ghei, TA) says, ing the part be the two collar-bonesa] project ing, as though AiS, or it, ided had ben gtzed. [To many a watoer have 1 come, notwithtanding (TA.) - A wry neck. (TA.) - [A beut] that looks from the outer angls of Ai. eyes (J) by its 'distance]: (:) or, accord. to AA, "j --- rearonof AhiS emence and sharpness of taeper: in this ex., accord. to one relation 3jj, but the (TA: [see also ;j :]) or a camel (TA) that goes former is the better known, means upon a she- with an inclination towards one side, wAhn Lis any distortion camel that looiedfrom the outer angle of hr eye, pace is wehenent, though without J1. by reason of her vehmence and aharpnes of in his chest. (g.) [8ee also J'. Hence, app.,] temper. (TA.) tWJ1I is a name of Certain camels (Jl) that 0

I

(.)

4.)

1270

120BO JO3

[Boo, T.

belonged to UMeyhiah (8, O) Ilbn-EI-Juldh Elact. part. n. of the unused verb aLj, 3: see what next follows. j [pl. of An`.ar e. (A.) ;j bo bJ A,A: be0S" ljtl, inf. n. litl, [lIe made him J1,] Decorators,or embellishers, of the ceilings of 4. J.1j cause of its curving. (..)_ A bent bow. (TA.) to decline, or deviate, from the right ,vay in houses or chambers. (AA, TA.) [See also ,l;j.] -t A menireh (;Uj) deviating from the perinf n. ." - and Jl1j : see 2, last sentence. pendicular. (A.) -_ A well ()) )deep: (S, K,* reech, (see 1,)] and',;j, after, without mentioned immediately gLn, [being TA:) or not straightly dug. (TA.) A land, [1l;j A decorator; aan embellisher: and partiany explanation, seems to signify I made him to (,.lS,8, 1g,) and a desert, (jlti", A, or ;j6, TA,) cularly a painter. See also U3j, above.] decline, or deviate, from the r.ight wany therein, .fur-extendin?, ($, A, K, TA,) and turning aside: is used in tie same sense as du.t,] J jS, ( , K, [in the CK written Jl3j, as though (TA:) and jl is appllied [in the same sense] to like as a3.cl TA.) t kj. (0, and w (TA,) it were jI, the quiesent 3 being indicated by the a country, (TA,) and to an army. (S,TA.)after the dammeh,]) of the dial. of sign of sukoon ! A saying, or phrase, (4L b,)bad, antl crooked, t1j is said by Egb1 to belong to art. .j [q. v.]. O,) i. q. 0J) O, thile pcople of El-Medecneh, (AA, or tdistorted. (A.) _ Also ,1i;; [as an epithet in (Msb in the present art.) whlicl tle qmuality of a subst. i,redominates] t A [i. c. Qi,irb.sierr]; (AA, 8, 0, K ;) as nl,o t?,"; t.jl [Afore, antd most, wont to decline, deviate, (AA, 0, K ;) but from what is said by IB, it [drinihing-cup or bowl of the hind called] ~. (, 1.) - And t A certain ve.ssel (.1)for drink- snerrce, or turn asilde, from the right course &c.]. would seem tlhat this last word is pl. of OI.j: (TA.) ~ (IJ, TA.) iig, (TA,) oblong, lihe tre ll. [meanning decora(TA:) it is .rsed in t j · L.~. eJ tions, or embellishmnents, pl. of 4 j% nsed as a U.o j,,i (A) 1 l.e is most re,notefron ilte statlion, or state, of basecess, or ignominious(, O;) (Mb, K,) simple subst., or of the n. un. 'ii.]; 2. ;,j, (0, M.b, TA,) inf. n. ,j ness. (TA.) [seems to signify primarily lie nasthed it over and helince, [accord. to some,] .jI.l signif'ing J,;j A place [and a time] ,fr.isiting. (S, Msb.) with j3lj, i. e. quicksilver; he silvered it there- "the act of dccorating, and embellishing,;" (K;) wtith.] One says,l;jl jj [HIe nashed over for it is put, together witl gold, (8, O, K,) for Visited. (A.) the dirAhems ith quicksilver]; from ljJIl. (MA.) orerlanying theres'ith, (1K,) upon iron, (·., 0,) and j.* A camel distorted in the breast, or chest, -[Then, Ite gilded it uwith an amtalgan of then it is pt iitoithe .fre,wlhrelupson the L.'j inhen dira,on forth fron, his mother's belly by the quicksilver aNd gold: see .j.j;. - And hlience,] [or quicksilver] gocs from it [by evaporation], . [q. v.], who therefore presses, or squee:es, lie decorated it, and embellisied it; namely, a and the goldi remitiins: (,5, O, K:) and hence it, is order to set it right, but so that an e.#ct of thing [of any kind: and particularly he painted nnythiing decorated, or embellishled, is termed his pres.ing, or squeezing, remains in him, wheAreby it]: but IF says that P3j, meaning thius, is witlh- t )j,p, (S, O,) tihought not having in it j.j. (..) . (Lthi, K.)- And, he is l..,o,wn to bhe out foundation; that theicy say it is from 0.j1;1 inf. n. of 2. (M.lI) [Jsed as a simple j3j.* t .;%p,erk .faltified, or embeUithed with lies. meaning ".'1d; [as it is said to be in the .K;] 3.,; (TA.) An,d 1 Speech rectifed, adjusted, or cor- but that this is [mere] assertion. (O, TA.) .sutbst., thilis, or tihe n. un. j;, hnas for its pl. :] see the next preceding paragraph. rertedl, [and p,elmreld, (see 2,)] before it is [Whether properly or improperly, however,] one uttered: or beautified, or embellihed; as also says, ,jj4jtt JI. , i.e. lie decorated the 3j). Wadhted over with [3Olj or] [i.e. (.,j t ,. (TA.) houte, or rhiamber, [perhlaps meaning the llouse quickx;ilver]; applied to a dirhem. (TA.) Decoh;,; Visiters of the tomb of the Prophet. (A.) of God, at Mekklch, i. c. tihe Knabobel, as appears rated thlerewith (T'A) [or with an ,malgam of to be probable from what here follows,] and qnicksdierc andti goltl sljectedl to the action of fire j;_: seeO.s. changed its colour and its fahiion or semblance, .o that the quicksilver is evaporated].- And with jj3lj, i.e. j.Jj. (HIjar p. 107.) And it is hence, (TA,) Anythiing decorated, or embellished, related in a trad. that he [Mol.ammad] said to ($, O, Msb, 15, TA,) tl;o,gls not haol;ng in it 0,) t3i, (1Drd, ,) aor. 1 t13, (1Drl, 0, J t. ,1;j 13, Ibn-'Omar, ;. :. . 1 In Also, applied to .j. (8, O.) See Olj._ inf. n. j, (l1)rd, 0,1 ,) lle declined, deviated, ;_h 4,i; ;w;I sji . 3) [Wh zen ¢thou Sest speechi, or language, tIEmbellished: (Kr, TA:) n,er'r· , or turned aside, (IDrd, 0, ],) from the Kureystl shlall have dlemolished the House of God, and alpplied to a book, or writing, [in the same riight coarse or direction, (IDrd, 0,) and from then built it ngain, and decorated it, if thous be sense: (see 2:) or] as meaning rectified, orcorif, inf n. . Lj, which able to die, then die]: lie disliked the jJ; tio road; as also tlj, aor. of rected; like jj4. (AZ, TA.) latter is theio more chaste: (O0 TA:) the former mosques because of its inducing desire for the is a dial. var. of the latter. (Myb in art. Lj.)_ things of the present world, and its finery, or -J.o 0, 9,) nor. ~ , (Yz, because of its diverting the person praying. (TA.) ,,, (.(Yz, And .'J.l 6 p 1. jlj, aor. jj!, (1;,) and, accord. to the I, -One says also, (TA,).~I ij, and 1 ', lie leclined, or deriated, from 0,) inf n.. ;j, or language, and tie also jl, which is rare, on the authiority of Aboothe right way in speeci. (Yz, 0, ].) - See tI embellished the )seech, writing, or book; and 1 1 rectified, or corrected, 'Alec, but thlis is thie aor. of 3J like t., [which It is also trans.: (0, TA :) you say, also 4. ,. 1 j3j and ,.3j both has a dlifferenit meaning from the former verb,] (0, TA,) lIe it. (., TA.) And ,Wh 4;I ~j, (0,1,' TAJ,) nor. tji, (Lb, 1) or corrected, his (MF, TA,) inf. n. jI3j (15) anid *3Jj : Such a one rectified, mean tnade his heart to deciine, deviate, sn,erwe, or torn all its senses cxecept one mentioned [whlichi in WiJl i)j or book. (TA.) - And w qriting, j L:j, with fet-h aside. (0, 15,* TA.) tA like below may spp. be pronounced ulso Jj, rwoman, with the girl, or young They embellished to the ,i and !amm to the J, [0 our Lord, unake and J3, J3_, pl. of J_,] and y.jj j,;_ for not oar hearts to decline from the right may, in I.,5U [or decorations,app. such as are made by (IS, TA,) the last thus, with fet-h, accord. to a tilo .Kur iii. 6, commonly read ip, (seo 4 in art. tattooing, or staintmg with 1_..]: such decoration rule of the ], but in some of the copies jj, with is termed tj, like _: and hence,t .J ,)] is an cxtr. rending of Nhfi'. (0, TA.) (R,) It went away; damm, (TA,) anid 'j'j, [Embdelih thyself &c.,] said to a woman; [so [ience, app., if it be correct,] iIII elj, (0,,) pased away; departed; remored; shifted; (1, j, (0,) Ie pulkd the she- that it is originally t . j;] or this is from j, TA;) nas, or became, remote, or absent; ceased aor. j, inf. caint tlhe nos-rin : (0, 1 :) so says Ibn- [i.e. L0,] with j. (TA.) to be or exist, or canme to nought; (TA;) as also ,: but [sghl says,] the verb in this sense 'Ahlbl t jJ;, inf. n. j .jl; (1 ;) or, accord. to the 0, above, in two places. see the last sentence 6: is withi the unpointed , only; which lbn-'Abbad v jljj!, like -!. (TA.) [See also 7.] Hence, j-: , ee jd j. states to be tihelbetter Lnown. (0, TA.)

?jUl

Irly

,

BOOK

1.1]
saysp, b. j#j meaning ie mores much among men, or the people, and does not remain still, or stationary. (TA.) -_ Ji Jj tallj means , 'i ,p,a [A Jfigure sen from a distance rose to his view]. (TA.)And 44.JI sJ Jtj Tihe mirageraised, or elevated, (~j,) and madc apparent, him, or it. (TA.) 1J ,k4 Jlj L&c.: see in art. JIj.J-j, aor. Jjj., also signifies lie affected acutenen or sharpness or quicknes of intellect, cleverness, ingeniousness, skilfulness, hnowledgc, or intelligence: or did so, not having it: syn. (IApr, TA.) [See also 5.] = [As a trans. verb, it belongs to art. kJj, and app. to the present art. also.] See 4. You say, dJij, J10, or dJIjj 1i Jlj; and Qlj Jlj: see Jlj. And jj J.L and
;.

.1271

(0,) this being syn. with ilj'l; (15;) He removed it; made it to go away, pan away, depart, remove, or shifi; (O, ],, TA;) [and made it to 3 J3J 9,and "j: saeem j. And Jlj cease to be or exist, or to come to nought: did £ C,C , , ($, TA,) -or, (Myb,) aor. anway with it; annulled it: effaced, or obliterated, inf. n. Jljj (S, M,b, TA) &c., as above, (TA,) it:] and VAj, aor. JIjl and ;4i, [which see in The thing removed, went anray, [or ceased,]from art. JOj,] signifies the same as j.i and J,j. its place; it Ieft, or qeitted, its place. (TA.) (1.) You say, .>'I ;* jetjl He removed it And 4 j,f. , n. jl and aij1 ,j, [I from the place. (MA: and the like is said in nrent away, &c., from my place.] (..) [And the K.) [And I,i c' Jljl He removed from zo.Jlj, said of any aff;ction of the mind or body, him such a thing; made it to go away, pas away, It uent away, pnased away, or ceased,from him; or cease,from him; or to leave him, or quit him; it left him, or quitted hinm.] And .. 1' , Ijl3 he frced him from it, or rid him of it. And They tIrned away from their d,lace; or returned, .i]j Ca gljl lie, or i, m,nade him to turn, or or went bach, and fled, from it. (TA.) And swerre, from his olpinion, or judgment, or sentisijl c*,& Jlj, aor. j3.k, in£ n. J.3j, [le ib.,3j and jl;jj: see .k3j:and for the first, see ment.] And JIjj iii Jljl and see 3Jjj. aljj: £tdrned, or lc reved,from the opinion, orjudgment, also j And jj Ime separated hi,celffrom Alj. [See also 4 in art. Jj.] or sentinent.] (.h., TA.) And Jlj alone, aor. him; (1;) as also .lj. (S and Y~ in art. 5. jjj, and t;j i. q. ;; J3jj, lie, or it, quitted his, or its, place. [to which the latter exclusively belongs.]) [lIe made him, (Alleythl, TA.) Alnd lie removed from one or it, to come]: so snays AAF, on the authority of 2: see 4: - and see also 5. town, or country, to another. (TA.) And .Jlj AZ: in the copies of tile .K, erroneously, ;1. 3. Jjj, inf. n. z;: s t.Lu~.t~ (s,1) and J,,, (1,) (TA.) = And Jjj, (K,) sanil of a young nlan, JI, (1i,) inf. n. j6J, (TA,) The hormse removed from their place with their riders. i. q. .AJi [as meaning lie labouredl, exerted (TA,) He attained the utnwst degree of actute(15, TA. [Said in the TA to be tropical; but I himnuelf, strove, struggled, contended, or conflicted, ness or sharpness or quickness of intellect, or of see not why.]) Hence, ._.J1 zJlj, inf. n. with him, or it, to prevail, overcome, or gain the ccevernes, ingeniosnres, skilfulnaeu, knowledge, mastery or possession, or to effect an object: and or intelligence. (1.) [See also 1, near the end jlj antid jjj, witlhout , ( as s,) Th says, (TA,) accord. to the KL and PS and some othier lexi- of the paragraph.] and Jlj and '-jj, i The sun declinedfrom the cons, it signifies also he treated him medically; meridian. (15, TA.) [And sometimes it signifies which is another meaning of rJ.; but of this 6. tI.lj3 I. q q. I. JL [They laboured, exerted themseleet, strove, struggled, contended, or cont The sun st: see 1 in artL JMJ.] - And hence, meaning I have not found any ex.]: and Jjl. but not with J;;j for an inf. n. in the senses expl. [as meaning he sought to obtain it, or effjct it; flictec.r'one nith another, to prevail, overcome, in this sentence and the next following it, (TA,) or did. so by artful, or skilful, management]: or gain the mastery or posnession, or to efect an j1 JI j, (1, TA,) inf. n. j!jj (TA) [and app. (,'* g:) and &.'JU [he made a demand on him, object]. (., g1. [See also 3.]) 7. J!ji It was, or became, removed; or made j,tj and A)jj], tSThe daoy became advanced, or prosecuted a claim upon him]. (1..) [Accord. to the TA, it seems to go away, pas away, depart, remore, or shflt to be used properly in relation the sun being somewhat high; syn. (g, a to real things, and tropically in relation to ideal (S, TA.)-And ;x. JljJI He berame separated TA:) or, as some say, rent away; or departed. things. from One him. says, (]g.) ... [See I also 7 in art. ,'j-] Jlj He strove to gain (TA.) And J,lil Jlj, (TA,) or 1 VJtIj jl, po~ssion of, or to catch, i.e. he hunted, the (15, TA,) 1I The sun became high, and thle shade 8. jl,jt: see 4, first sentence. animal of the chase. (See ;i..)] And contracted, or decreased, or went away, at mid9. J3jl: sec 1, first sentence. 't C>&[I stroe~ with him to avert him, or to day. (1,* TA.) a.Jlj, [thlus in the TV turn him back, from the affair]. (S in art. (ed. of fBoolhi/), i.e. , thus in the ]g, and 10. [ IHo Hjeillooked at it to se if it quitted m.. .) Zuheyr says, thus only, the verb being indicated by a preceding its plae.] One says, &'I, 1 1O J& 1, I". t. U. .3 L. . I meaning Look phrase; in the TA, .uJi Jl.j, which is an evident thou at this figure seen from a 1, . .. -----.. .. ... mistranscription;] inf. n. Jl~ j, (1g,) like aiAiL distance to see if it move and if it quit its place. W3W3 &-. c.- tj? [an inf. a. of jU, aor. ,JJ; but more properly (AHeyli, O, TA.) [And me passed the night standing at the head of compared to L .j, an inf. n. of.ul), aor. ·. ]; Q. Q. 4. "Ijj!: see 1, first sentence. our courser, he striving with us to repel us from (TA;) [a phrase which may be rendered Their himself, and me striving with him to master him]. Jj an inf. n. of 1 in the first of the senses journeying ceased for a while;] expl. as meaning ($.) And a man said to another, who upbraided expl. above. (,* TA.) _ See also 3ljj. ,iJ hj.1 .m P '15.A1 [i. e. they abode in thei' him with cowardice, 's. ut U -. , l4n,As an epithet applied to a man, ($,) Light, agile, place: tlhm an opinion occurred to them different 3.* W ;JL j t[Bly God I mas not a conard, or active: acute or lsharp or quick in inielect, from their former opinion, so that it turned but I strove, or sought, to preserve a possesaion clever, ingenious, skisful, knowing, or intelligent: them therefrom, inducing them to remove]: (]K :) appointedfor a frted time; i. e., to preserve my (S, :) at reiose acuteness or lharpnet or quickin the g1 is added a; but this should be omitted: life though its term is fixed: see the I5ur iii. 139]. nesr of imtellct, &c., one wonders: (ISk,$:) the passage is taken from the M; in which l (i.) One says also, d a,I._ .. Jj i.e. ¥;t.i fem. with;; (;, 5 ;) said to mean skilful, knouw. refers to L b as the authority. (TA.) Jj i [Hs seeks to accomplish a thing that is an object ing, or intelligent, ($, TA,) as also the niasc., [having for its inf. n., app., J1;j and- Jje and of want to himn; or does so by artful, or skilful, (TA,) and cunning: (§, TA:) and a servant-girl ; (see te first of these below)] signifies also management]: a tropical phrase. (TA.) And who is sharp and effictiro in the convoJing of messages: and applied to a woman as meaning It moved; or nas, or became, in a stateof motion, ,.)l I' J iJaj;. JL t [I loathed, or was averse fortj , to men, and commotion, or agitation; syn. .liJ: so in the from, striving, or seeking, to accomplish this J..U 5j [I'ho goes or come nwith thom they sit, and of chom they talt,an,l saying, jtj f 1 J; [Isamw a bodilyform affair]. (TA.) rvho abstains from what is unlawvful and inadlr orfigre: then it moved, &c.]. (TA.) And one 4. jl, (?,O,Mb, ,) inf. n. Jjtl; (TA;) corous, and is intelligent; &c.: see art. j, ]: Bk. I. 160
;aO~!:

JljIl · 4 tJI [The world, or worldly enjoyj ment or good, is quick in paoring away, or coming to nought]. (TA.) And 1ijj Jlj, and ;ljj: see jljj: nnd for the former see also Jjj. And

)

and t0jj (6,
TA;) and V

Mqb, X,) inf. n. 1 j ; (0, j!, [originally i,JI!,] in. n. jn. l,

23J

.S

197n (TA:) pl. maJo. J,;3 (S, TA) and fem. lj;' the former applied to young men, and the latter to young women. (TA.) - Courageous; (l, TA;) in coquOce of whom orage, men are abaed (lyj~ [t(as though j3j in this sense belonged to art. J]l). (TA.)--And Liberal,bountiful, mun/icmt, or genero~: (V,* TA :) pl. Jlj. (TA.) t? A wonder, or wondrrful thing: (?,

L B [ols

1,TA:) pi.

35jl. ($.)

One ays, ,)

j;j Lj

Jtj'1 t This is a wonder of the wonders. (TA.) And one says alo, [using it sn an epithet,] J;j.e t A journeying, or pace, wonderfiul in respect of its quicknss and briknesu or lightness: and .j ;j& t A winter, or wintsrs, wonderful in respect of tLe sevrity and cold thereof. (TA.) [See also j,j.] - t A trial, or an o.liction; t A form, or figure, that syn. ;%. (g.)-appwar in the night [and by which one is fright(TA.) t A form, or figres, ened: se jl;]. of a man or some other thing, that one se from (!g,: , TA:) a distance: or a prson: syn. me 1, near the end of the para· also ? ilj: graph. (TA.) ~ The pi [i.e. the anterior Jj: see the next preceding paragraph, in [And I was a man having the art of making Also The side; syn. .,j 1 ..; and t pudendum, or the pudenda,] of a man. (1.) three places. womnen to incline to me, once; but I have become in]. so J,jj: thus in the sayings, tjJ ' Jl and such thlat I haae relinquished the art of making k (He uncovred his One says, "j t.. (TI.) _ And A hawk. (].) ijj t j,j, meaning [app. His ide became in a women to incline to me]: this was a man who state of commotion, or it quivered,] by reason of used to beguile women in his time of youthful Myb, ) and * jj and J J,;j M by his beauty; but when he became hoary And fright: (1:) [or] Jjj signifies the heart: so vigour are inf. ns. of jlj [q. v.]. (, Mb, .) and aged, no woman inclined to him. (TA.) all signify Motion, commotion, or agitation. in the saying, , * j [His heart became re- Also t The stars: (~, TA:) because of their (TA in explanation of the first and last, and V moud from is place]: (v :) a prov., applied to motion from the east and the west in their rein explanation of the second.) [Hence,] 9j one whom an event that has disquieted him has rolving. (TA.) - See also 1, near the end of the *1 3Jj, (accord. to different copies befallen: as also * Zlj 9 j: (Meyd:) [see paragraph; and 3j, last sentence but three. dilj, or of the ],) or 4ljj m ? jl;, (1 in art. Jj, and also two other renderings of the former phrase in J;jl J;j (9,m TA) has an intensive significathe next preceding paragraph :] Dhu-r-Rummeh TA,) and ,J;j Ji" t jtI, (Q in art. jj, and tion [i. . A great wonder; or a very wonderfil and TA,) are imprecations of destruction, or says, describing the egg of an ostrich, thing]: (TA:) [or a wonderful ervnt that happeln perdition, or death, (1, 1g,) and trial, or affliction, , ..-.--. .,i. to one, preventing hi jleeing;] accord. to Abu-* s 1_;3 v 9.1 · upon him to whom they relate: (?:) or such are Semb, Jjj1 denotes the happening to one of an the [second and] third and fourth of these phrases: a e ".~ tL V,~ C` C lii event such as prevents him from fleeing. (IB, TA.) but the first is a prayer for one's continuance where he in, [or his continuance in life; lit.] meaning j.l ip 4i°i j`j [i.e. And a white IjM A certainisutrument pertaining to astromeaning May his motion ceas; [and hence, may by means of which is hnown the declining not nomers, thing (the egg which he is describing) wilU he continue where he is, or contin in life:] and, sun from the meridian: [a sun-dial: used of the shrink take fright, and Jfl from us, or wiU not as expl. by ISlk, the [second and] third and in the present day:] a vulgar term: sense this in her see us, she when from us, whil its mother, fourth [lit.] signify May [He i.e.] Sod cae heart becomes removedfrom its place byfri_ght in pl. `J.. (TA.) his motion to cease; [and hence, may He, or God, consequence of the approach of us]: (8 in art. put an end to his life;] these phrses being Jj. pass. part. n. of 3: one 'says, . jlj t; .J',and Meyd:) or, as some relate it, . jVlj (TA.) similar to the saying U 4I '.L. 'j:~ ,:M1 t [This offair ceasd not to ;jj [which means her heart quits its place &c.]: .. [Thus all four have virtually the ame lit. signior souglht, to be accomplished by means be striven, fication. And the first has also another meaning; (TA:) and the former reading may mean the of their hands]. (TA.) ~ Also Frightenedby a sanie as this. (IB, TA in art. ~J.) as will be seen below.] El-Aph says, Jj, i. e. a form, or figure, appearing in the S. .. Alt . S~ ~~ Jitj Having much Jjj, i e. motion. (TA.) - night. (TA.) by AA, D Accord. to J, it occurs in an ;j^.jl, cited S193 -il3LI as meaning That moves much in his gait, but 1. [ij, aor. j, is a dial. var. of Zlj having (?, TA,) [app. meaning This is the day-timu: traoeres a short space: but the right word in an opinion has arisen in her mind such as to this cae is jJI3j, as is shown by the rhyme. for its aor. 4Jj.] An Arab woman of the desert turn herfrom herformer opinion and induce her (iB, g.) is related to have said to IApr, lit jj. 3j, to absent herself, (~, I suppose, being under1 meaning tL;j [i.e. Vecrily thou gracest ., ' like LeU3J, with 4amnm, [app. stood after QJ 1.;, like as it is after .j ItW in the &c., for, as it is not said to be a dim., I know no usw when thou comest to us (L'i)]. (TA.) gur xii. 35,) in consequece of Atr anxiety: what other form of word with which to compare it,] A for.;l in the lj1 Indigestion; syn.,; mill be her cas in the night? may it (her thing like a ladl, belonging to sailors. (TA.) copies of the ] is a mistranscription for ., "i; phantom) be absnt, like as she is absent: for] (TA ;) cxpl. by Ed-Dubeyreeyeh as syn. *ith departing; pawsing away; away; 351j [ oing IAvr `jlj: the meaning is said to be, QIlj Jt.lJI [lIe does il absent; a4*; as in the phrase, oiJll or remote, becoming shifting; transient; 1 says, he disliked the phantom only because it and so TA:) (Fr, indijestion]: of complain not n. part &c.: roused his desire: or [jlj may be here syn. with ceasing to be or eist; nonexistent:

i1; jl ; sljl, so that] the meaning may be tl;j [may God makL Ahr motion to cease]; and this ;jlj, in is corroborated by the reading of AA, 1 lj may her motion the nom. cas, [i. e . jj ceae;] which makes this an instance of [the license termed] ;&Q11: this, he says, is an old proverbial pbrase of the Arabs, and EI-AphA has used it as he beard it: others than AA read [Ql1jJ,] in the accus. case, without i;1, holding the meaning to be, may her phantom he absent from us in the night like as she herself is absent likewise, in the day-time. (TA.) V ;r.j 1, means Hij motion ceased, or may his motion cease: or, accord. to Z, he became fixed, or motionleu, from .fear; or may ke become so. (TA in art. Jjj.) [See also another rendering of this phrase in the next pragraph.] One says also,

of Jj, q.v.,. - [Hence,J,
_- j (Z, TA.) jIlj jj:

J"J
ee 1.

(pi.

perly A strlies night, or night of whic the stars are absent: but expl. as meaning] ta long night.

i/Slj [from j51j, the i being affixed to tranmer the word from the category of epithets to that of substantives,] lhatever has a soul, (], TA,) of animals; that mooes (Jj;j) from its place: (TA:) or anything that moves; (y, TA;) that does not remain fixed in its place; applied to a man and to other things. (TA,. 3l;ljj is its pl.: (TA:) and signifies [particularly] Animals of the chase. (g, TA.) - And [hence,] t Worrn. t,A .j (o, ,TA.) One says J51jJ i faults, or discasMs, of the man knowing in respect (;j;rl,) of womnen: (0 :) or ; skilful in tAe making J &.I Commotion, or agitation, of women to incline to him: whence the saying 1J)l kpjlj (18, TA,) and disquietude of mind, (TA,) and of Ibn-Meiyideh, wailing, or raising of the voice in weeping, overcamu him. (1l, TA.) ~ See also the next para- * ~J3tjjJl ... l !.l C'U * -s ,r! ., graph, in three places. · · ·· C 3j· Y

*

,j

usedGarb,
1

Boot t.] q#lj: (V and TA in art. 0 :) or this signifies

ii3-

isJ

1t73

ir piao~ W)_ (g.).iUspidoL or rm~ re~ d from apart; or r dapart; apart; reeMM jrom its us pmm k*..# m wind, It It or c of a a cold cold notth notth wind, SiP mid mid of And ;j41 ; 41 UJ0 j2qjI .wonder, ,ontracts Lji TAh piee of be ji.j j phasa used a theface: some cyontracts [or wrnlsm] a single Jfit of indigetion. (TA in that art.) ontracied, or sri/l;d,or srunAk, in the fire. : )y contracted, by Tarafeh Ibn-El-'Abd. (Ham p. 63.) [In the present day, applied to The beech-tree; 1 read 2. The part betwe b. ij0l 1 And 4c and its wood: as a coil. gen. n.: n. un. with;: .3j, ,(,M b, (.) .1 n.q3: see5. 5. ;jinf.i aspect, lis /is ey becam draws to~ r, or contracted. ee also bIj below.] (, MVb,) but which by rule should be i4j, !,) which A TA.) -. *8 . dl diTb "*E J1 And ok TA.) sentence. ismade made to acord with jj in order to facilitate People, TA:) together, on porton of dre or party, people, 1e pronunciation, (Mqb,) inf. n. accord. to the K the aloSi another port~ (TA.) -See hem to(TA,) O jJ An idol: and anythinig that is tahen as a 0. AdP'but f!rat 3, in measure first 1,;, but correctly, as Lth says, firt sentence. in deity and wrorshipped, (S, I,* TA,) beside God:
as also ;jj: [nn araicized word:] in Per. b. ' (TA.)-And A plare in which idol are colIt is said to be from letted and set utp. (K.) ;j. (TA.) [But it may rather be from LA as a dial. var. of - See Sj.] also de ike £-?3, 1 (TA,) I invested him vrith, or made him him to have, a j [i. e. garb, guise, &c.]; (~, Kgb, b, ,* TA;) by means of, or with, such a M9 Lhing: 1j [which may be renthing: you say, 1J4 A:W dered dered I inveted, decked, or adorned, hinm rwith ruch such a thing; agreeably with what follows]. #a. (Mqb.) (Mqb.) Accord. to Fr, they say, 1 1 l 1j, i meaning meaning I ineted the girl, or young woman, witA with a garb, or guise, &e.;and decked, or adorned, her. her. (TA.) - You say also, ,01 i5;J, meaning He prepared the speech in his mind; like ".1, 11 #j3J. :3 [mean j and ti #j;. (TA.) -- qlj I wrote, or uttered, a j]: some [hold the I in Lqg : l; to be originally ~, and therefore] say others [hold it to be originallyj, and therefore] 0 a&, say ,j. (IB, on the letter .UI.) 1 Zeyd IbnThikbit Th&bit said, in relation to the expremion in the lgur , [accord. to one reading, or Kur [ii. 261] b

a. j.

.

lii A thing like a 3l, [or javelin], which the Deylem (.4 JI) cast: [perhaps made of the wood of the beech, (sme ~j, latter sentence,) and there- See also fore so called:] pl. ;i13. (M sb.) 09I, former sentence.
a.j i.q. a;J [An ornamnt, &c.], (],) in one

iiIjand l; , and j and A a > ree 'a.ce below. ,, A, and a. a first .;., (0, M9 b, 1, &c.,) originally S, (~, Mqb, RICIP,) MRIb,) Garb, guie,de, habit,fahion of dre, 0 Lnd aspect, or outward appearance; syn. w,V and j, 0-6, (, TA,) and '5F, (Fr, Mb, ], TA,) and;.: 60 I,Fr, . (I.) [In the lur xix. 75,] (Fr,TA:) pl. some read Ij3 lJl. ;.0 [Btter in r~epct of some hounitold-go# and in resp~t of garb, &c.]: household-goods in others read tIj, with j: (TA:) and nd 00 : and (Bd.) qtj, ],&.,) &, in which the I, accord. to J1j, (Kr, Lth, is originally A ., but accord. to Sb and IJ it it isj, (TA,) A certain letter (i. e. j); (f, TA;) [in spelling, pronounced 4gj; and] abo called, V t .ij, (Kr, g, .,) and t j, and [in spelling (me the the first sentence of art. .,)] t tj, (Kr, ., but omitted omitted in some copies of the ],) this lat being indecl., (V) and [in spelling] indecl., (Kr, TA,) and t 0 't0J: J: the first is that all which, ]:) of t?J: (Kr, ji which is held in [most] repute: (TA:) and this J and ::d fj may be meant by J's saying, ,9 s t51J · ·. · · i , , a g .. -though j1 ; S t~ J .W .W .' j,@ author of the V asserb J to have erred in the author 1 saying this: (MF, TA:) the pl. is U1jl and 5 ,j, (If,,) (IK,) the former or the latter accord. to different 44 opinions, opinions, (TA,) and jI and sr1,(1,) each (ori-

}

of the dialects. wroman. (IAsr,

(TA.).)

And An inteUigent

ojj Short; (M, ;) applied to a man; (a;)

and so, thus applied, tC jj and f * , (1],) of which two, the former is the more known: (TA:) fern. P;j, (f, R,) applied to a woman. (v.) mciting,] reciting,] °yo j5 ;, meaning [It is k1;,therefore make thou it k.lj in thy reading, or reciting; and , ljj (5, M, Meb, R) and lljj (1) or] read thou it, or recite thou it, with the or] i. q. ,1 [q. v. in art. Oj ]. (S, M, Myb, ..) LS5. (.)

. ;lai

J~llent in iwhich is J'j; [or the

4. &jjl: see art. 3j.

grain of a certain noxious weed, app. darnel- 5. &. 3 He was, or became, [or placed himgrass: Cjd being a pass. part. n. of which no nif,] self,] in a Aj, i. e. corner, of a houe or verb is mentioned]. (TA.) J; chamber; inf. a. chamber; as also

6;

(TA j . (].) - 1, from Li1; (TA;) and tVO (1., 1. .lj, (.g,) aor. dot (TA,) inf. n. .. and (K, KL ;) or S.i 1; (Lth, MA;) He invted himself i (.K, TA,) the iatter [accord. to the CK himself with a garb, guise, or dress; [or with an (TA.) One says, external externalappearance;](MA, KL;) he deched, or ginally] of the measure s;j, but it is correctly] like ", (TA,) He put adortied, adorned, himelf. (MA.) You say of a man, ai^ [This is a beautifulj] and >d & .+1 "i. 1. it aside, or away, or apart; or removed it from c. beautia ith himslfw 9.-...UP I J3t[He inveted lit&-' -.. tjlJ [I wrote a maU j]: and the like. (IJ, its place. (Ii.) You say, IJ.- 1'' j$j, inf. n. ful, or goodly, garb, &C.]. (Lth, TA.) Hence T,C) u4 TA.) m~5 is also id by the vulgar on an . lie averted, direrted, or remnorved, from the saying of EI-Mutanebbee, occasion of wonder, and of dimapproval: but [BM him snch a thing; turned, put, or sent, it away, onys,] --sanys,] I know not what is its origin. (TA.) [It . L* -XJ3 &a *. ,5sjj * may or bach,from himn. (TA.) -And may be from the Pen. &j, or UJO; which a are likewise 'likewise lie concealed his secret from him. (li.) - Also · $ and of wonder. said on an occasion 8.53' -, - *-' 7 . cit abso j and LS1, and with I in the plaee of 1, re M,h, 1,) aor. as above, inf. n. &, (TA:) (~, M;j, (1.) (TA:) i.e. [And rily, or sometime, or ofte, jal ail by the rulgar in Egypt on an oocouion of (Mjb, TA,) lie drew it, collected it, or gathered one to it] assumes the guise of it, tooether; contracted it, or graped it. (5, one who is not entitled wonder, and of denial, meaning Howr ? And &.j h low, loe; and the man aks to be his companion him is used by them for the prefix 1,emeaning Lihke.] i who Mbh, .) It is said in a trad., u &a ' . who is not fsuited to him: (W p. 374:) his dis1 l-i),J …31 1 Cs U [The earth was coUected ciple lbn-Jinnee, however, objected to him his V3 tq*s 3j: se what next follows. together to me, and I was shown its easternparts saying , and expresed his opinion that the °]J algi dim. of 5tj [aceord. to thoso who hold and its western parts]. (1, TA.) And you say, Ca.* correct word is JJ.1;d and a1-; EI-Mutanebbee ad. j, (15,)I£e drew, mitted that he did not know the former word in the I in the latter to be originally 5, or t aOj JlI kSj, (1, M9b,) inf n. acoord. hold accord. to thos esa.who or collected, together, or he grasped,the property, any j that leuer to be ori*-A any [classical] poetry, nor in any lexicological i 0- A (Mqb,) sl;t ,3 [from its inheritor]. (5.) And book, but aered the verb in use to be only ginally j; like ajI and ° I u dims. of .1 aeord& 'I'. V tV3: (MF, TA:) in the M it is said that IJ to different opinions: see art.l1, in the middle of O) drew man, (a He TA) Ji (f1, P W k.O s', the first column]. (TA.) together, or contracted, the part betmween his eyes. held 14j to be originally I., and the j to be A corner, or an angle, (.,6p of a houe UW.4. (He brought changed into j. because quiescent, and inicor(TA.) And me.jlI LJ 3 J^ it. (TA.) by the IL preceded into porsted pomted or or room or the like: (]:) of the measure Itag u se very sour mnilA suc as contract the ying ... ; beamue of its em7. face, or makes it to mrnke]. (Q in art. .p.) 'IlIt was, or became, put asde,or away, from U;j signifying ° &ql . 10

Jt.

,)

1274

LS3J - 1dj

[BooK t.

a1)· part, or portion, (l;i, s)o l. (5 in art ,.)[[A sout-e"asterly V J The oil, ($, Mgh, M 9b, g,) or eapred thereof: (Mb, TA :) pl. lj;j [which is irreg. w ind; ie.] the [ind termed] . [q v] that blow (M, TA,) or t' [i.e. best, or choice, of juice, for by rule it should be ;j_ , being originally ofbetwe the 1 and the '. : (8,M,5:) ol rthe constitsent], (A, TA,) of the 0. [or olivel the meaure JAli, not J3li]. ($, ].) Thea thesowth wind, or a southerly wind; syn. .; ;(8, A, Mgh, M9b, 5[.) [In the present day it A, (M, 5:;) of the dial, of Hudheyl; so affirm Mbi mr, t ;ljl ;ii E t (H0ow l manasy Aidd * in his "Kamil" and IF and Et-Tarabulusee: is applied to Any oil.] things are thAe in tA cor~r!]. (TA.) _ [In I1Ath says that the people of Mekkeh use this s JJ [The olive-tree;] a certain kind of tree, geometry, An angle. appellation much; and it is related to be God'ss (M9 b, K,") well known, (8, Myb,) whence And hence, ,lil lj 7T4 star y of Virgo; ltsal1 being composed oif name for what men call the Sh h:says thatt ig obtained; (8, M,b, K;) [a tree] of the kind four starn, 7, 8, , and n1, of Virgo, disposed nearly the people of El-Yemen, and those who voyagee caUed ,lt&; (AIvn, Mgh, TA;) A.s sys, on the upon the sea between Juddah and 'Adan, call authiority of 'Abd-El-Molik Ibn-$ili! Ibn-'Alee, in the following manner, 8 .] In a saying the .. ,o by the name of *j), and know not tthat a single tree of this kind lasts thirty thousand 7s7 any other name for it; and that is because it iss years; and that every tree of this kind in Palescited voce~lj, the pi. tlj4j is used as meaning boisterous, and stirs up the sea, turning it upside- tine was planted by the ancient Greeks who are Houses, or tents. (T in arLt. -_[And in the* down: [rwhenee it seems to mean the boisterous, called the Yoonanees: (TA:) and the fruit of present day, the term j is also applied to A or violet:] ISh says that j ;h significs lthat tree: (Mgh:) or it has the latter significa*sall moqwu, or chapel: and in some instance, any iolest wind. (L, TA.) [Hence it appears tion, and is tropically appllied to the tree: or it a building of this kind, thus called, serves u a that it signifies also Violnce.] - Also Enmity. properly has both of these significations: (TA:) hospice, or an asylum for poor Mudlimw, students ($, 5.) - And Brikrens, licveline, sprightli- [it is a coil. gen. n.:] n. un. with i: (8, TA:) and oters; like L.] now, agility, or quicknes: (ISk, , X, TA:) accord. to some, the Oi is a radical letter, and the [see also ;:;] it is fem.: one says, ej j jS is augnmentative, because they said L;3j ,l [i. e. ;;j e., like ahs ejI from Lhtal], w i si.jlJ [Such a one pased haing a diC.O approved brisknes, &c.]: this is said whern one meaning "a land in whichl are ,Ji ;" so that 1. , or .: see art. jj. passes quickly by reason of briskness, &c. (18k, the measure is ~3.*; and if so, its proper place S And Fear, orfright: (AZ, S, 5::) and so is art. O3j. (TA.) Respecting the phrase in the L. se w: 2 in art. S.J, in two places. ,~. (5: in art. ; ur xcv. 1, One says, i,. 1 .J. .aI6:*e;J, see . 8. ,i: see 5 in art. j.q. js p. [Fear, or fright, arising from such "1, 0. Lapis .TJudaicus: so called because resembling an olive in shape, nnd found in Judma.] a one, seized me]. (AZ, S.) i: see $IJ, in art. S.3j.

broing (

4j

iS. e an onomatopmia significantof The,ound of the jins, or genii. (TA.) [See also -.. i and M J, in art...j.] j:see tslj, in art. t3j
see art. .

4 l.j One who Jells, or expreses, ..j [i.e. him, or it, with j, i. e. oil of tho fjfij [or oliveoil, and, vulgarly, any oil]. (TA.)_ olive]. (Mb.) You y, j, meaning anI oiEanteod [Hence,] .Al; -Y 0 .19 . t Such a one my head, and the headoe of aother, with oil of the came in dirty clothes. (A.) j app(L) - And t3j, (Ll, t, ],) aor. 4,e and , Food into which [i. e (t, , TA, in the C4 3ji, and so in my MS. olive-oil] has been put: (., A, 5 :) or prepared copy of the 5:,) inf n. ;.j, (,) I put q1 therewith. (TA.)

e1. 31w, or

,

[1 .jkI Of, or relating to, the olive: olivecoloured.]

[in£ n.

,'j,] He anointed

,.J1 is of the meaure

lilke

(]:) or, u some say, of the measure J;:i; but this is a weak amertion, for it is said that there is no Arabic word of this measure; .,s being a foreign proper name, and l., being disputed. (MF, TA.) tin some of its senses it is an epithet, and used u such: in some, app. an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant: and in some, a simple subst.: but in all its senses it is imperfectly decl.; and thierefore seems to be originally an epithet.] -_ Brisk, lively, sprightly, agile, or quich. ([.) - A man who walks with shortateps: (TA:) and short in stature and in :tep; (5, TA;) likewise applied to a man. (TA.) - Ignoble, base, or base-born. (K.) The offspring of fornication or adultery; or the off. spring offornication, begotten on a slave. (Abul-Mcekrim, TA.) One whom origin, or liteage, is supeclcd; or an adopted son; or one who clainu as hi father a person nwho is not his father; or who is claimed as a son by a person

who is not his fathr; syn. ~;.

(M, 5.)

A deril: (5 :) accord. to some, a dial. var. of .,j. (TA.) _- The hedg-hog. (IAr, 5.) _ A disagreeable,a disapproved, or an abominable, 'hing or affair. (g.) - A calamity, or mitfortune. (:.) _- Much watr': (AA, :) and

; i see what next precedes. or the crumbled bread: or I prepared it therewith: (TA:) or I moistened it, or stirred it jj A man arointing hitielf, or who aboyt, or moistened aind mied it, with 8j; anoints himself, with :.j [i. e. olive-oil]. (TA.) namely, bread, and crumbled bread. (iLb, TA.) And w(Lh, , is, TA, in the CV [errodim. of .. tj.. (TA.) neously].lJ) Hefed them with ~j (Lb, 5::) or he mtade S.j to be the sasoning of their food. ( .) The builder's string, or line, (K: in art. 2. ,.j He furnished them with [i. e. 3'j, improperly there mentioned, TA,) mwhich he olive-oil] for traeuing-provision; (L ,], A;) agreeably with a general rule relating to verbs extends to make even, thereby, the row of ston#, or bricks, of the building; syn. [t v.]: tq. similar to this in meaning. (Lhb, TA.) (TA:) [also called .jg :] an arabicized word, 4. l,ljl (in the CV .erroneously] s,5j) They had muc (i. e. oliveoil]; their cjj became (5,) from [the Pers.] i j, signifying "a bowmuck; (LI, 5;) agreeably with a general rule string:" so in the "Shif el-Ghaleel." (TA.) eh el-'Uloom," relating to verbs sh similar to this in meaning .o Also, as is said in thoe "Meflite [An astronomical almanac; or a set of astrono(Lb, TA.) mnical tables;] a book, or writing, containing 8. ;bljo [so in the TA and in my MS copy of stellar calculations,year by year.: in which sense, the 5; in the CV, erroneously, I;] He likewise, it is an arabicized word, from the Pens. anointed himsef with 4 .j [i.e. olive-oil]. ( o.) 3: pl. ,. (TA.)-AndThe scienceofastronomy, or of the celestial qphere. (TA.) 10. ;z1,I_w He wought, or demanded, j [i. e. olive-oil]. (g.) You say, ,~ t Afour-sided, or round, scAeme, 1m1. They made to came askingfor t has a gaft; (h, Li;) or seeking, exhibit the horoscope, or places [or configurations] or demandi,g, inj. (A.) of the stars at the tiune of a birth: an astrological I

[i. e. olioil] into it; namely, the food; ($, 5:;)

4,

of BRo

1.]

more (A, .* (A, Mgh, Myb) [I increased in property: term [arabieiled from the Peru Q'1j]: so inti the also] also] meaning 1 increased to myself, or for myel. "8hif el-Ghaleel," from the "Mefiltee 'Uloom," by Er-Rhzee. (TA.) &eif. · ~ij! seif, property. action;(Mgh, Myb.) And .. ")l 'Adee [The a,jt. affair increasedin difficulty]. (A.) lanpropoly. _ [Also It exceeded; it was,or became, redandeint, .fluous; it remained orer and aborve. dent, or superfluous; A,1g,) aor. ,in. n ( And And licti, 4ic;Ij It exceeded it; as also ?.;jJ.] j; You say, :A:..&(Mgh,' 1) and t3 (MA, ]) and ~j (1) and ,isi L ; [It exceeded the (MA, 1; [in the C], erroneously, Oj..j;]) thing by the like thereof, or more].(A.) And and t CllP; (A, ];) It (a thing, S) became ;1;'t;1; 'L jj [It exceeded whiat he desired]. an addition: so in the (A.)-_Also lIe gave Myb.) ditant, or remote: (, A, ] :) it raent, trent (A.)-Also away, passed oway, or departed. (g, ].) You saying, ' jt.M . j$jI ;Ij ~. lie who gives an (A) addition, and viho takes -_j;(S,A,MA) and V ;_~lpj cJ say, of these] pracit, [each And means tises uury. (Msb.) - [And lie added, or exagHis pretext, pretence, or excue, [or his malady,] tiws say 8. ;I;>j & ee 1, in four placs. [originally ; W el]: becamte remote [or remod], or went away. ,eraled.] or exag[Z(e adds, .. , /erated.] #% swqqerate, Also gerates, (Mqb.) See, He took an addition. or was fals, ;1J IVhat (MA.) And Ji1j.l in his narration,or talk, or discourse,] *>1.$JI again, increase, 1. - Also He took in addition: so in the is oain, ceaed, pased away, o wtent awcay, f'om is said of a liar. (A and TA voce 1 . [See saying, I; When P CO;MA1 1 X,;Xl 1;1 [ wme. (TA, from a trad.) - And Ctj, aor. as also also 5.]) It is also trans.: (Mb :) you say, saying. Ciii in demanded, the iia addition Yro-ot the in fromn pledger takes money their aor. i, inf n. n.};j, lie increased it, or above, i. q. Z.b Ie, or it, nwnt back or back- 611j, alj, an the pledge]. (Mgh.) One says also, receiver of auginented a. augmented,it. wardo, &c.]. (TA in art. Cj.) of 1 (L.) And in this sense it is doubly ?eei.JI pace 'j. ;ijl! [Obtain thou, or gain thou, some.iJI trans.: ($, .,) or trans.: (MF:) some you say, IW.. ;ii li%j, 0 4. ~btjl lc ,nade it (a thing, S) to be dis- -)1., what in addition of what is good: or it may beyond (A,) [God increased to him, or added to mean in tant, or remote: [he removed it, did away with '), seek thou, or desire thou, an increOase, or him, or the like, or him, good fortune or prosperity MA. it, or caused it to cease:] he mnde it to go, properly; addition, of what itgood]. (A.) See whlat next increased, or added to, his good forgo away, pas anay, or depart. (~, I.) Hence property; follows, in two places. "r fun#, -0. 6. Q-$tune, &c.; or may God increase &c.;] as also j "I': the saying of El-Apshk, ljA t;I..jl ,0 [IVe 10. hippi jk,.l le soulght, or deired, or demanded, (I.:) and le ;j, (i,) or _ -. ., ability. had caued her leannes to cease]. (I.) And ,.,.j: (A,) pos- an increase, an addition, or more; (A, Mgh, (A,) [.lie increaed, or adlded to, what h'e ma ".I.jl: (, A:) 4e CIjl signifies Ie re- mued M&gb;) as also t ;bjl; whence the saying, to a Meb;) and sesed or his posse~ions, or his property; or may man moved his pretext, pretence, or excue; [or his He g lbas P J1 given, man to whom a thing has been given, He (i. e. God) increase &e.]_ jj also sigc (TA.) V;j, ji3 malady;] or did away with it. (MA.) Dost thou seek, or desire, or dema.d, *nore than nifies He gave hiln an increase,or an addition, 1 Do inf. I have given thee? (L.) - [Hence,] 4 or more. (M!b.) (Msb.) Sec 10. - You say also, t1* what the 7: see 1, in two places. d:s [II# seeks, ~1 j1..j [ ( se eeks, or desires, desires, to add, .,;. J. '.Fj .~. [No one is mnore sufficient for !) A place to which one [goes away, or may --or or to exceed the due bounds, or to esaggerate, thee in 4rt. .j. [See 4 in that thee than he]. (I go away; or] remores, or maay remore,far away. embeUish additions, in his narration, embellish with lies and art.]) j 'j N No camel will art.]) And J~.di; . (IHam p. 329.) tn. ordikvu.rm]. ordiscourse]. (A,TA. [Se also 5.])-_-;lj be more sufficientfor thee than he; i. q. .!. '. He sought, or desired, or demanded, of Ains an (ISk, [in whiichl see other exs.].) (ISk, S in art. ~j inci.ease, inoease, increase, an addition, or more. (M9 b, 1C.) You inf 2. 1. ;tj, (85, A, Mgl51, M6b, ]6,) nor.A4 S ,] said of property, It say,* [inf. n.. 2. .. j, [inf. , * j If I Aad sougl t, or desired, say, * i;jJ Mgh, MIsb,) inf. n. ;,lj (S, A,* Myb, *) and itci.ea.wd, intcr.ea.sed, or augRematcd, much. (A.) = See or demanded, an increase, &c., he had giveni me also 1, latter part. oj, (S, Mghil, Msb, ,) withi whichl are syn. Also an an increase, &c. (Mob.) - [And hence,] t Ie avgmentation; reckoned himn, or held /itn, to harefallen short of (S,1) and j (I) and ;.- ( ) aid 3..,.&191 ta .J-. .-I~ Ij, inf. n. ;.,&, 3. doing rwhat he ought to hare done, (S, A, ]g, ,tj.J, which last is anomalous, like ,'C (K) [One of the two persons buying together outbade TAJ TA,) and complained of himn, (A, TA,) or rcand C,# said to be the only instances of the kind, the other: see also 6.] (A.) prowd prowed hinm, for a thing thlat he did not approre. and so is .. aJ'I,) j, (TA,) (TA,) all as inf. ns., ( 4 t[e wrote 5. 5. A.P It (a price, ', A) wras, or became, (TA.) And j .l ; and J adds that ;l,j is mentioned by Ya?loob, excessive, to or reprof, for his hio, a letter f complaint, excessice, or dear; (S,A, 1;) as also til. from Ks, from EI-Bekree, as syn. with ;. , but (A, himtn to do short, &e.; requiring (A, TA.) - He added, or exaggerated, (MA,) having fallen n this is a mistake, which is unfairly imputed to J or or lied, (S, MA,1],) in narration, or discourse. more]. (A.) by the author of the 1, (MF,) [who says,] as to (, S, MA. [See also 1, latter half.]) And lie M , Mb.) , j an inf. n. of j . (Mg, .Iij affected to exceed the due bounds in his narration, affected J, for the l3tjjil, it is a mistranscription by [Hence,] asL ,i. J' (, A, L) and *.d [Henoe,] or words are ;l1jjJI and {j11, [in tihe CK ;>3lJI or discourse, and his speech; (TA;) he aj#Jcted e. excen exces in speech, &c.; (I, TA;) i.e. in speech and ljtl,] with j, and without the mention of and in action; (TA;) as also t.,ij3: (]:) or (S, L) and ti3j (A) I [Tley are inore than a hundred]. hundred]. j& [the signification of] .Ml, (I1, TA,) It (a thing, -,, or . .5QAI ,.ij~! means the embellishing narraC, Mgh, Myb, [as, for ex.,] water, and property, 6078, an inf. n. of j. (c, ,* Ti.) _- See .yj a tion, or discourse, cith lies, and adding in it A) increased, or augmented,or grew; (S,A, TA;) tvltat the Y;ext preceding paragraph. next In the [and in like manner said of a man, and of any what doe rwt belong to it. (Hl.ar p. 195.) verse of 'Adee cited in art. Joj, the last word is an inf. n. of ij. (S, Msb.) Using it as i;i animal;] as also t ;l.I: (S, A, Mgh, Mgb, I9 :) .1 as some relate it, or j as uj; others relate it. an inf. n., (Msb,) you say, ;;.j 1 JI,hi [meanor this latter has a more intensive signification (TA.) (TA.) - lie went a pace exceeding that termedl ing Do thou that in addlition]: (S, Myb:) the in relation to ,.... than the former, like ',. ', vulgRr .J.l j;Jl. (S, KI. [See also l*), and -1--J1 vulgar say t ;3.j, (S,) should not say. (MF. [See also 5.]) In this sense it has a single &.;WI. . which ' 1. oneis and j.].) And ,j;p She (a camel) stretched (Mhb.) [Hence also,] fti?l .1.. [The letters (Myh.) objective complement; as in "ib ilj It, or lhe, increaosd, or aug~mented, or grew, in such a thing; forth her neck, and wrent a pace exceeding that of augmentation; or the aegmentative leters; as also t,l.l. (TA.) [The nlatter is more com- termed jail, as though she nrere rswimming with i. i.e. the letters that are added to tle radical monly used in this manner.] You say, *;;? letters hor in Arabic words]: they are tcn, and are her rider: (A, TA:) and in like manner one
i

the 1275 what irhat fallen pace two my* ;, a thott mare, says of >jkZA Arabic of or horse. (TA.) And ipierchandin, aqainst - .- ~~~~~~~~~17 %, tJj1 The camels tasked thenuseles in [At.ftin increase, letters their pace of beyond taeir ability. (TA.) and one said 6.5, htlj [It inc~reaed, augmented, or gr~, [Hence 1 whom graduall y; See also L And C,,iW]. contr. of pdJLJ]. gradually; coner. n. see &J1 U1 see 5, in two places. 1 1 us I _Nt!lj3 [TAey bade, bade, one against another, for the commodity, or article article of merchandius, nwmccesirely raising the price]: price]: said of the people of a market whlen a sought,is sold to him who bids more thai C(M1notlity commodity ,.,#, ... el , other (L.) And s:y- & C" othem [They augmentedthe price, one outbiddinganotiur, to until its utmost]. (A, TA.) until it attained n., an

1270 compti&ed in tit ayi#ng, i.J>Ji ["Ye asked me for them"], (TA,) and in 1 jit .. [" Today thou wilt forget it"]; (], TA;) and more than a hundred and thirty other combinations comprising them have been mentioned: (MF:) [these letters are also called .;5lj, of which the

'k3 -MJ

[Boos t.

Arabic; and utterly irmconcileable with the expla[1t is also the pass. part. n. of jlj, signifying nations given by the Arabe; among whom, it Increased, or augm nted; as also .] should be observed, were many of the Jewish religion, who cantlot reasonably be supposed to i,lj. [A leathern water-bag, one of a pair have'not known the correct meaning of a term which is borne by a camel or other beast ;] the relating to their sacrifices:] the pl. of S; ttj is half (, ) of a 4a3;: (Msb in art. sj:) [a ;9, (L,) and that of ;.s3 is .31 j. (8, L) water-bag of this kind is represented in a sketch sing. is *?;Sj.] See also ,j. _ [As a simple iJ 1 ,S a ,S jg of" Salgas " in my work on the Modern Egypsubt., or a mubst. properly so termed, it signifies Hence thesaying, Il sj tians:] it has two loops, and two kidney-dhaped .An increase, or increment; an augmentation, or .41;l 6;bj [The child is as the liver of the parent, augment; an addition, additament, adjunct, or and the grandchild is u the redundant apper- piece of leather (C;eLb), the former of whic are sered to the latter: (TA voce i4.j :) the accessory: an accession: =ecesa, redundance, or tenance of the liver]. (A, TA.) ?1, conists of two mezdeas (Sj;U ), whicA superfluity: and a redundant part or portion or act. part n. of 1j, (M,b,) [Increasing, apperteance; a surplus; a residue: an excresare bound upon the trwo sides of the camel witA c.nce: pl. i;iO and ;ej. ence,] *J augmenting, or growing. - Eceeding; in ex- the [cord calledl .lj~: the pl. is j [often cess; redundant; superfluous; remaining orer V i.e. 1;V- [Camels having mnc and above: excrescent: additional; in addition; written ;lp]; and sametimes the Arabs elided the ;, saying tV;p: (T, TA:) [hboth of these incream; lit, much, or many, increases]. (1I.) adscititious.] You say, laS!i ,.s [I forms are mentioned in the ~ and C as pl. :] and A poet says, took it, i. e. bought it, for a dirhem and more]. tlk,, without i, is [also] applied to the single · (A.) [See also the next paragraph.] · ,· one (;j> [meaning the single mater-shin]) which J3lj [fem. of Slj: and also a subat.; being the rider attachesbehind his camers saddle,having transferred from the category of epithets to that no .*is, [or spout (which is closed by means of a [ Vith a herd offorty or more camels, that fill, or glut, the eye of the envrier, enjoying pasturing of substs. by the affix : pl. ;ol.j]: see b.lj; in thong tied round it) at one of the lower extremiby the,nMlve, having much increase]: some say, five places. -_[Hence,] ,'SjJI [Certain excres- ties for pouring out the water; thus] differing from the igjo: (T, TA:) or the Wp. is a ai;, [in citing this verse,] ,.3jJl,which is pl. oft ,' cences, or p~dent hairs, termed] ;.,L, in the [app. accord. to some who applied this latter term but .I,jil is said only in relation to the legs of a hinder part of the hind leg orfoot. (K. [In the to a single water-bag,] (S, A, ~,) or only (1) beast. (L.)_ [Henee also,] .111 ,jlj, (so in explanations there given, I read J..JI,as in one such as is composed of two shins with a third a copy of the ~, and in the A and L, and in copy, instead of J.JI. It has been stated above, inserted between themin to widen it: (A'Obeyd, 8, several places in the 1,) or ,.1 tJ51j, (so voce ;lt.j, on the authority of the L, that ,1ajil M, A, . :) and so are the a. and the -.ea : termed by Zj, and so in the T, and in two copies is said only in relation to the legs of a beast.])_ (A'Obeyd, S:) or the A1_e1 is made of two of the ;, and in the L,) both of which are correct, [But] t.ojiljI means The lion: (S, 1 :) by the skins put face to face; and the ;bj.. is of trwo (TA,) [The redundantappertenance of the liver;] ,.5aj being meanthisclaws and his canine teeth and shins and a half, or of three skins: (ISh, TA:) a certain mall piece to which the liver is alttached, at one side; .)SJ j or it is [a wvater-bag] joined (I-.) or suspended: (Zj, in his "Khalk el-lnsimn:") his roaring and his impetuosity. (S if consisting of two faces (~".., ;.. Xs or a certain mall apperteianec of the liver The shin-bons. (L.) [i. c. of two pieces of skin whereof each forms one [3^4k. tv , at its side, going awayf rom it [L,fljj a rel. n. from ;ljj, p1. of ;,.j; and face or side]) it is called a : or it is like a used, app., as meaning flaving sometAing realj having no .'* [expl. abo;e]: AM and the (~ **m..): (0, L:) or a certainpiece appnded, author of the Masb and some others assert that its dundant; for] Sa'eed Iibn-'Othman was surnamed or attachAed, to the liver (lW AL" ): (A:) or a A -a medial radical letter is ,, and that it is from ,gSl,jjil because he had three ;. : so they certain appendage of the liiver; [so I render L .jl, (TA,) being so called because one fur1 Li., agreeably with the next preceding assert. (.) nishes himself with water in it for travellingexplanation; though it may be rendered a thin, a^23 ;, (S, 1(g,) and ; [alone], (S,) provision: (Myb in art. 3j :) but this is a missuspended from it, i. e. from the licer; or the take: (TA:) it is thus called because it is right reading may be 1t4 a L~ , which is [Garments of the kind termed] ~ having in enlarged by the addition of a third skin: (AO, virtually the same as the explanation in the A, them red jtripes, (S, K.,) to which streaks of EI-Khaffijee, TA:) [Fei says that] accord. to blood are lilened: (S:) so called in relation and agreeable with what here follows: so called] ~j 3 the son of JI , the father of a tribe: (S, analogy it should be ;;!i.. (Msb in art. .j.) because it is a redundance (, upon its upper ") 1 ) or, as some say, .. i the son of ~1: surface: (L:) [all of these explanations seem to li~ ace c: ~, in two places. j, a city, or town, of Eldenote the round ligament of the liver: the He- (MF:) or from a ,, applied to I?: seo brew U':T J'l'n , in Ex. xxix. 22, literally signi- Yemen, in which such b" were woven: (TA:) or, accord. to some, J and F are in error; and the flea the same; like the slightly-varying appellations in Ex. xxix. 13 and Lev. iii. 4, and Ley. truth is, that there were some merchants in Mekj, 3. thus witlh t., and in relation ix. 10: buat the real meaning thereof is much keh, called 2. at4Jl ;j He (a farrier) twisted the lip of disputed: the rendering of the LXX. is Ao,Bo ro; to them certain [camel-vthicles for women of the · wwrn; which is said to mean extrema pars kind called] the beast with a jl.j: (. in art. ,j, and TA:) ) li were termed ?.. (MF.) Ihepatis: that of the Vulg., reticulum hepatis: nnd he put a j)j upon the liL [or part beneath that of our authorized Engl. Vers., the caul above j: see j, in two places. the chin] of the beast. (TA.) [In the present the liver; (with this marginal note: "it seemeth an inf. n. of ; (, ].) You say, j day, the instrument here mentioned is generally M. by anatomy, and the Hebrew Doctors, to be the applied to the upper lip.] midriff:") and it is remarkable that this is one -,L. t i .~ and ;:f. , (A, Msb,) of the meanings asigned to 4J'I, which some both meaning the same [i. e. Tlere is no ex- ,j [A large water-jar, widte in the upper part and nearly pointed at the bottom;] a [wesl of hold to be syn. with %.'1 jj: (see %.LL:) ceeding what thou hast done: or rather the latter the hind called] or a [vdesse uch as is cald~ Bochart (in his Hieros. t. i., p. 498, seq.,) and means there is no desirefor more than thou hast 4, (1I,) in which water is put: (TA: [but Gesenius (in his Lex.) explain the Hebrew term done, or there is no one of whom is desired more J..a is there put by mistake for 1:]) of the as meaning the greater lobe of the lier: but this than thou hast done; for tl-''- may be here is hard to reconcile with the Hebrew or the an inf. n., and it may be a pan. part. n.]. (Mqb.) dial of El-'Ir64 [and that of Egypt]: pL J;l:

.5p

4o

;:

Booa L]

B U -1i J

1277 meaning The Ainder part thereof impeld tAe fore part. (L, TA.) - Jlj, (Kr, TA,) inf. n. .- j, (Kr,) said of a building, (Kr, TA,) &c., (TA,) It was, or became, high. (Kr, TA.) )tp1I r;J1 1, (B MA, Mgh, Mqb, ,) aor. bliA, (Mqb,) inf. n. .j, (Mob,) or Jdj, (Mgh, J,) for which the lawyers say b3J, (Mgh,) TAe dirhems, or pieces of money, were bad: (MA, Myb:) or were rejected, or returned, (Mghl, ,) sL. [to Aim], (., Mgh, l,) becaue of adulterating alloy therein:(Mgh, ] :) or, accord. to the M, simply, were rejected, or returned; (TA;) [and]

a foreign word. (TA in art. j, in which, and means, accord. to Er-RAghib, And wrhen they quitted the right may, God dealt with them in art. j, the word is mentioned in the ]i.) See aso art. 3. Also I. q. j; (IA9 r, TA in according to that: (TA:) or God turned their heartsfrom the acceptance of the truth, and the art. Jj ;) the former j in the latter word being inclining to the right course. (B4.) changed by some of the Arabs into U in this and similar instances. (Az, TA.) [See also 5. ; ;.iLj.3 She (a woman) ornamented, or adorned, herself, and showed, or displayed, Ier finery, or ornaments, and beauties of person or (fgh, TA in artj.J,) in the K, erroneously, form or countenance, to men, or strangers, (AZ, yj, (TA,) Angry, (IAqr, Sgh, 1V, TA,) and , 1J,) and decked herself with apparel; like sewring himself from lis companion: (IA*r, ;&,j3: (AZ, TA:) IF says that its L is a substitute for Oi. (TA.) TA:) originally~j. (As, TA.)

;j,

(Mgb.)- See also S. . 1.. J1 JmJ1j, 6. Ij i. q. j , (JK, S, O, K,) An inclining so ti..j. wall; the leaped He (TA,) 4Jj, n. towards each other, (PS,) accord. to some, pecu- (0, ,:) inf. syn. ,-; (O, ;) said of a man. (O.) jli [A kind of barnacle, used by a farrier;] liarly, (TA,) in the teeth. (JK, TA.) an i;utrument with which a farrier twists the 2. Je is said to signify primarily The sepabil [The rook;] a smalU .,l [or bird of the lip of a beat; ($ in art. j J;) a thing that it put rating, or setting apart,such [money] as i passupon the mouth of a beast rwhen he it refractory, crow-kind], inclining to white, (O, Mglt, ], TA,) able, or current, from nuch as is termed .Alj: in order that he may become submiuive. (lAth, that does not eat carrion, (0, Mgh, TA,) and is and hence, the rejecting [money], or returning allowed to be eaten; now called in Egypt..rthe TA. [See 2.]) - See also art. JOJ. 4 ey 5r*l[or Noacdian crow]: (TA:) or a [it]: and the making [it], or proving [it] to be,
;e: e art. jjj. @itJ: see art.
· .e.-

j.

CRi
1. t;, aor. to , inf. n. ($, O, 0 Mqb, V'

and ;Uo and iJ;

(O, O) and j

(TA,)

lle, or it, (a thing, M^b,) declined, deviated, serned,or turned aitle,(, 0, Mb, ]K,) from the right course or direction, accord. to an explanation of 3j by Er-R16ghib; and from the truth: (TA:) and lj, aor. jj., inf. n. t3j, is a dial. var. thereof. (Mqb, TA.0) In the Xur iii. 5, · am (O,) C4a means A doubting, and a declining, or deviating, om the truhe lA. (O,X .) You say

5. *.J^, said of a woman, [like aI ,] She ornamemted, or adorned,hera.lf (O.) [Accord. lj Declining, deviating, swerving, or turning [.from the meridian], (S,' Mob, 1,) so that the to Freytag, .;j3 signifies It was adulterated: shode turnedfrom one side to the other. (.,* J.) aside: (TA:) pl. Ml/j, applied to a nimber of and in lIar p. (612 it is expl. as signifying jLo .And;Zl t!j, (, O, K,) inf. n. "J, (TA,) men, (, O, V, TA,) i. q. Opoilj, (S, O, TA,) d4ljl I Aij, which seems to have this or a The eye, or eyes, or the right, became dim, or like U14 meaning n;. (O, TA.) similar meaning; 4ij being app. a mistnserip. dull: (, 0O,g, TA:) so in the phrase'--Il -I jG tion for *j or z in the lur [liii. 17]: (O, TA:) or, as some say, 1-d5: see .- j, in four places. AIlso The .;t.'1jt 'Ilj signifies the eyes turned aside from 1. jIj, aor. , (1, O, ,) in. n. Jj' and j0k1, i. e., (Kr, TA,) the :, , (Kr, O, ], TA,) their places; a in the case of-a man in fear. (TA.) C6ji (0, ]) and J, (TA,) said of a camel, [meaning the coping, or ledge, or cornice,] that a. GI j', inf. n. z rectJifed the tj I (?, TA,) and of a man, &c., (TA,) tIe walked protects a wall, (0, K., TA,) surrounding the [or doclining, or deriating, &c.,] of such a one. with an elegant and a proud and elf-conceited upper part of the wvall, (Kr,) or srroundingthe gait, with an affected inclining of the body from walls at the top of a houe: (TA:) or, u some (Aboo-8a'eed, O, K.-) side to sidle: ($, 0, ]:) or he went quickly, ,oith say, (O, in the g "and,") the steps, or stairs, of 4. UV, (s, O, M,b, ],) j ] CA, ($, O,) an affected iniclining of the body fSrotn aide to pla~e of ascent: (O, ]:) or, ua some say, (Kr, in. n. LIj1, (Mqb,) lBe ,nade him to decline, side. (TA.) And [meaning acrose' ~. *j, said of a O, in the X "and,") i. q. ., deiate, swerve, or turn aside, (, , MOI, M ,) woman, She appeared as though shte were turning terial ornaments forming a single mnmber of a from tAe way. (8, O.) Hence, in the Igur [iii. 6, round, or circling, in her gait. (Z, TA.) [This crating of a wall, or of the crown of a cornice]: acord. to the usual reading], Lj tP j j is app. from whlat next follows.] One says of a n. un. with L. (Kr, 0, ].) (O, TA,) meaning O our Lord, make us not [or male pigeon, .,;;JI .,.Llj lie dragged the %.st, and with : see the next paragraph, in make not our hearts] to declinefrom the right tail, and impelled his fo'e part withI his hinde. three places. way and course: make us not to err, orgo astray. part, and turned, or circled, around the female (TA. [See another reading in the first paragraph pigeon: ($, O, L, .,' TA:) and of a female .;j One rwho walks in the mannr describcd of art. tjj.])-And He made him to fall into pigeon one says, .ll in the first sentence of this art.; as also t,** LJ t ! ; , lapp. as meaning deviation from the trutA, meaning She valkl with boldnes aud pre- which is an in£. n. used as an epithet: (TA:) [.pl or the right way of beliefor conduct]. ((TA.) snmptuousnes before the male pigeon. (T'A.) [and so tJQbj, but properly in an intensive t .*., ~41 tllJ t., in the ]ur [lxi. 5], And a poet desribing a battle says of it ,.ij, sense:] and I bIj a she-camel proud and slf. W
-~ -

also,

, (, M,b, g,) aor. , in. n IjJ (MYb, TA) and t'`, (TA,) The sun declined

,.1A like the pigeon, black, with a dusty colour in its head; or, as some say, inclining to white; that does not eat carrion: (Mgb in art. t3j :) or a small black .1>5, that is eatens; also called ., of which the n. un. is with ;: (ISh,TA in art. J.j. :) [these descriptions correctly apply to different varieties of the rook; some of which are distinguished by more or less whiteness in the head and other parts: in the present day, the word is, by some, perhaps generally, erroneously applied to the carrion-crow :] Az says, "I 1 know not whether it be Arabic or nrabicized:" (Mgb in art. Mj, and TA:) thie truth is, that it is a Pers. word, [,blj,] arabicized; originally applied to crows ( s.), whether small or large; but when arabicized,anplied peculiarly to one species thereof: (TA :) pl. O. (, M'gh, Mgb, ].)

fale, or spurious. (TA.) On says, I (g, MA, Msb, V,) inf. n. ', (Meb,) He
made, (MA, .,) or pronounced, (1,) or showed, (Msb,) the dirhemsn, or piees of money, to be bad, (MA, Myb,) or to be nwh as are termed sJj,; (IC;) as also t ,Ij. (Lb, K.) See also l, near the end of the paragraph. [ lIence, , ! in relation to spechb, or language: see 2 in art. dj.] - And ~dj, (Kr, TA,) inf. n. a above, (Kr,) 1 He made his blood to be of no account, to go for nothing, unretaliated, or uncompenated by a mulet; or made it allowable to take, or shed, his blood: (TA:) or he made hin to be contemptibil, ignominions, base, or vile, in the esti-

mation of others: (Kr, TA:) from .ii
"'a bad dirhem, or piece of money." (TA.)

?

1278 conceited [in her gait]. ($.) Hence, (TA,) (o, 0I; :P, signifies The lion; as also Jt 1];) but the latter has an intensive meaning: (TA :) so called because of his proud and self, conceited walk. (O, TA.) _ Also, and t (, Kr, Mgh, O, Myb, 1,) the latter an inf. n. used as an epithet, (Myb,) or, accord. to IDrd, this is a vulgar term, (O,) or bad, (1,) applied to a dirhem, or piece of money, (, Mgh, O, Msb, 1],) to gold and td silver, (iIar p. 3.69, referring to the latter word,) Bad: (Kr, Myb, and ljar ubi supra:) or such as are rejected, or returned, because of adulterating alloy therein: (Mgh, O, :) or, as some say, such as are less bad than
srhnt are !ermed ~, being such as are rejected

2-kj

JI

[Boo o

L .

A certain thing that flies in the air, called by desisted not n,ith Zeyd until he did that], (Sb, ],0 [Ile, or it, (Sb, TA.) J,; the Arabs *I .. aJW, [i. c. the fine filmy cob- TA,) inf n. jj. been &c, has ever i. e., to be &c., ceased has not a mistake for t.

webs termed go&samcr,] is

fb,LJ,

with J). (Az, 0, 0,.) Jkj

1. jilj is syn. with si1jt, q. v. ($, Msb, ].) _ Jl;: see 31ljj Jlj, or lljj IT Jlj; and S , i.j j. j and t.jj and jl.j, in art. Jjj. And iltj: see .j, in art. J,j; and for the first,
in that art.a,j, ($, K,) aor. see also Jlj,

by [the o.ficers of] the g,rernment-treasury; whereas the cm are such as are rejected by the merchants, or traders: (Mgh :) the pl. is ibj and -tj (0, ],) [the latter a pl. of pauc.,] or

the pl. of t

J:

and the pl. of ~,j is (Mgh,* Mb :) accord. to some, the .Jyj

j is J,j,

are such as are done over with a compound of quicksilver and sulpahur. (Myb.) [It is implied in the Mob that tV j is the more common term, though, as has been stated above, it is said by 1Drd to be vulgar: and it is also applied to Misb,) is like ~ L, both in its [original] measure, human beings: for ex.,] a poet says, [which is J&j t, accord. to most authorities,] and

.jjl, inf. n. J~j, (S,) [first pers. of 41j,] signifies also I Iput it, or set it, apart, anway, or aside; remnoved it; or separated it; (S, K, TA ;) namely, a thing, (S, TA,) from another thing: (TA:) and t jljl also signifies he separated it; like dlj. Ulja jj WL (TA.) See also 4. One says, " liemove, or separate, thy sheep from tqhy goats. aj I separated it (S, TA.) And t i..jj , [partly], but it did not become [wholly] separated. Ja jlj C ($ in art. J3j, and (8, K.) ~ l L j;

(see J,Ifl is said of God, as meaning He has never been nonexistent; and j1; '1, said of Him, He will never be nonexistent. (Kull p. 31.) This [incomplete i. e. non-attributive) verb and the complete [i. e. attributive, which signifies "it ceased to be" or "exist," &c.,] differ in their components; the latter being composed of J j ; and this, of J *Sj: or the incomplete is altered from the complete; being made to be with kesr to its mediahl radical letter, [for it is generally held to be after its having been [orifrom ,)j or jj,] ginally J3j,] with fet-hb: or it is from Jlj, aor. a ~, meaning " he put it," or " set it, apart," dc.
(6·)

2. 4 j, (s, K,) inf. n. jj,, (S,) IIe separated
it [i.e. acompany of men,or an assemblage of things,] much (Fr, Az, S,* K," TA,) [or greatly, or widely; or dispersed it;] differing in degree from llj like as
1."_ does from ;jC. (TA.) Hence, [And ne n,ill separate them nwidely, one fro,n another], (Fr, Az, S, ], TA,) in the .Kur[x. 29]; (Fr, Az, S, TA;) where some read.le,

like

-

, '. and &a

; " [in the Kur xxxi. 17].
t4 l

in its meaning, whichl is [Hle ceased not to do (Fr, Az, TA.) [See also an ex. in a verse cited . * such a thing, or he continued to do such a thing, voce ,J.] "-j is of the measure . -sw cc-is*-F i *1 *~ ~.1 becauso for it denotes] the continuing to do a thing [as in its inf. n. is as above; for were it ~, one [Tho, seet the people to be likes when they al/ght the ex. above], and a constant state [as in the (S.) ial]. measure the 4j [of say would b Lj Zeyd ceased not to be, or SU j tocether; but among the peolle are bad like the phrase tl is also [said to be] an [irreg.] inf. n. of 5, &; bad of dirhe,ns.] (TA.) co,,tinued to be, standing] : (Mb :) [using the first pers.,] one says, c'Jj C [and ;Jj 1a_ t,

q. v. (L~, g.)

3. .t, (S, Msb, K,) inf. n. aiLJjj. and Jqj, (S, .K,) le esparatedhimsc.!from him. (S, Msb, 5. jgp lie ornamented, or adorned, himself, [i. e. I ceased not to do it, or I continued to do ]K. [See also 1 in art. J j, last sig,,ification.]) to his eyes: (1 :) or :.j, and applied Ji. it], (K,) aor. JIjl [supposing the measure of the mneaning [Mix tI., t.ytl 4jj One says, , (., 0,) pret. to. be originally -. said of a woman, (JK, Q, O,) like z.. :W] (Msb, K) and j. ye with men in familiar, or social, intercourse, she ornamented, or adorned, herself, (J K, $, 0,) [supposing tie measure of the pret. to be originally and] separate yourselves fi.omt thea in deeds, or to her eyes, (g, O, TA,) and ,Ak.a]: (.K:) the verb is seldom [in the Msb and apIplied ,°a:.lj Ste veiled er. t._ actions. (TA.)some add, andt decked herstlf with apparel: "never"] used without a negative particle: (Az, face .from him. (IAir on the authiority of Ibnaccord. to Z, it is from 3jjJl; [app. meaning TA:) one says O)h* tC; ',Jj meaning JWa.l ,also 6.]as appears from what follows], meaning &. L
Ez-Zubeyr, TA in art. j,.)
.J... .0. .

[Sec

jjJI, syn. with .j1jJIl; or from 3lj, (see 2 in art. j3j, last sentence,) so that it is originally ,:.;j3 ;] or it may be from j, [i.e. 4.j,] with 5, [meaninig the "builder's string, or line, with whbicih leo makes even the rows of stones, or bricks, anml with which the building is proportioned,"] because sioe who embellishes herself makes her state right by adornment. (TA.)

I; lj: see 2. but this is rare: (Il :) and lti Ja.i .j' to, follows. (8, Msb, K,) a phirase used by some of the Arabs,

And see also what next

(Myb,) mentioned by Akh, (S, TA,) as is meant

in [some of the copies of] the I~ by the addition &;, though Akhi is not mentioned in what pre- (K,) inf. n. 'Jl (I) and J,.i; (Lb, g;) and b , '9 is t Jl, (S, Ms , g, and Ijar p. .393,) aor. l. cedes. (TA.) The verb in jlj C and Ji

4. lljl ($, Myb, 1) S ;.

' ($) or sA

,

in governing the (', 1], and IHar ubi suplra,) or Jl., like 4, used in the manner of ;th ($, K, iar,) or Jtj; (eob;) noun [which is its subject] in the nom. ease and (Msb,) inf. .n.j, J.j The part, of a lshirt, that surrounds the the predicate in the accus. case [as in ,.j jlj C both signify the same; (S, Msb, ];) lie remored nehk: (Q, g :) the collar of a shirt: (KL:) or tJ5, expl. above]; but one may not sav, Jj l it [fromn its place; as the former is expl. ini art.

the bor~ler of a collar; (MA;) or the hemwmed bordfier of the opening at the neck and bosom of a shiirt: (JK:) [app. an arabicized word from the l'crs. ;j :] J, holding the medial radical to be [originally] ,, has mentioned it in art ij. (TA.) - [Ience, tThe surrounding edge of the ad The string, or line, .. )] eyelid. (See of thle buiLlet, [also called .j, q. v., with whish he makes ~a the rows of stones, or bricks, and] with which the building is proportioned. s/tJIl lj, expl. by Lth as meaning (J K.) -

ubi supri in explanation of the latter;) and so ; for jlj deno.tes a negation, [meaning hc t ~lj, of which the primary signification is that dk did not a thing, or he was not doing &e.,] and first assigned to it in the next preceding paraL and ' denote negation, and two negationis to- graph. (ilar ubi supriL) See also 1, fourthi seagethler denote an affirnmition; so that Jj to is mtene. [And see 4 in art. Jjj.] and as one may not sa., affirmative like 'jt; 't; j ,jt ~ , so one may not say,

Wi1. '~

like as one says, Sl .aj oS

to

Jjj]; (Msb in explanation of bothi,

and Ilar

JOO t

5. t,ij;, (S,'s;b,K,) inf n.

J.aj

and t

5

j ,

(K,) the latter [irreg., being properly inf. n. of

:l

a ,%9. 1

(Er-Raghib, TA.) One says also, 2,] of the dial. of EI-H.jijhz, mentioned by L!; 0.j; (V;) i. q. lfj, inf. n. (TA;) and *lt a

BooK I.] IWja3 [i. c. o hey became separated much, or greatly, or widely; or became dispersed: or rather, the former verb, being quasi-pass. of 2, has this meaning; and the latter verb, as quasi-pass. of 3, means simply they became separated, one from another]: (fi, 15 :) [for] t 1 jll signifies t.l1: (l, 15::) I14j is syn. rith Ij.: thus in the which is its original form, (TA,) inf. n. ;lj ; (Msb;) signify the same; (S, MA, Mqb, 15;) Zie, or it, adorned, oarsmented, decorated, decked, bedecked, garnis!ted, etmbellished, beautified, or graced, him, or it. (MA, KL, P$: [and the like is indicated in the S and Msb and IS.]) [&Ilj said of a quality, and of an action, and of a saying, is best rendered It adorned him, or graced him, or was an honour to hipm; contr. of a$U; as is indicated in the S and K: and sometimes means it was his pride: and t .j means as expl. above: and he embellished it, dressed it up, or trimmed it; said in this sense as relating to language: and he ermbellix,hed it, or dressed it up, namely, an action &c. to anotlher (eiJ); often said in this sense of the Devil; (as in the .Kur vi. 43, &c.;) i. e. he commended it to hinm :] 1.LI j and *t j [Such a thing adorned him, &c.,] are expl. as said when one's excellence [a.id, as I read for Wi3, an evident mistranscription,] appears either by speech or by action: and .tl_ jil 41t>.ij3 [God's adorning, &c., of things] is sometimes by means of his creating them ai,;4 [i.e. adorned, &c.]; and '.,1Vt%,s [The adorning, &c., of men], by their abundance of property, and by their speech, i.e. by their extolling Him. (Er-RBghib, TA.) One says, C.~! tj3 [Beauty adorned, or graced, him, or it]. And Mcjnoon says,

1279 &c., with, or by, its herboge]; as also ;:l,

ori,, nally ;<

[as expl. above]; (S;) and

lur [xlviii. 25], where it is said, LIj

19i'

j

t1,i 0!"$ [Had they been widlely separated, one from another, n,e had auuredly punished those who disbeliered]: (Mqb,* TA:) and some here read l,ilj. (Bn.) [See also 7.] 6: see 5, in thrce places. _[IIence,] ¶1)zl rignifies also u; 1; (!1, TA;) a tropical meaning: (TA :) one says, J dtlj3, meaning '.. l ii. e. I lie wnas, or became, abashed at him]: (0, TA:) becaue the __ separates himself, and shrinks, from another. (TA.)_[See also ;a4j.;, whence it seems that one says, of a woman, syI,, meaning She veiled her face from men: see likewise 3.] 7. Jljl It was, or became, put, or set, alMrt, away, or aside; removed; or separated; (S, 1;) [.from Aim, or it]. (TA.) One says, a j AU: see 1 (t , K.) [Sce also 5. And se 7 in art. JJ3.]

some, in the ]5ur x. 25, read ' h;; and some, t·JLtjl. (Bl.) And they said, aill aUi 11 aL.;11l ~.j; [When ,v.JI(the Tenth Mansion of the Moon) rises aurorally, the palm-tree becomes garnished with ripening dates: that Mansion thils rose in ceptral Arabia, about the commencement of the era of the Flight, on the 12th of August, 0. 8; and in that region, at, or soon after, that period, the dates begin to ripen]. (TA.) [H-,j is said of language, as meaning It nras emabelli.thed, dressed up, or trimmed: and of an action &c., as meaning it was embellished, or dressed up, i. e. commended, to a person, by another man, and, more commonly, by the Devil.] - And .j3 also signifies lie adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, &c., himnselJ: (MA, KL.) [Hence,] >JQ1O C;j3 [lIs inrested hiomselfnith that which did not belong to hiin]. ($ and TA in art. 8. originally ojl: see the next preceding paragraph, first sentence.
-ij,

ll1:

*see5, each in two places. 'j.

J.
·

JI: see art.

ldth i between the thighks; (S, 15;) like
(.)

Oij [as an inf. n., and also as a simple subsL,] is the contr. of ;f,: (f, Mgb, 1 :) [as a simple

tji, (sg,) or e,1AiI ,,J1, occurrilng in a trad., (TA,) liaving 'the thighs wide apairt.
(g, TA.)

Jj.L A man acute or sharp,or qutick in intellect, clever, ingeniooss, ski.I/fl, k]No'ing, or intelligent; knowitng wnith respect to the subtilties, niceties, abs.truities, or obscuruities, of things, affair's, or cases; as also t jj,: (1:) or rehement in altercation, or litigation, rrho dsIeJs (J.j) from one plea, or arqumnent, to another: occurring in a trad., in, which it is said, with reference to two claimants, ^ ~..L. $L. ~j. [ Och of them to t nras a person who mired in, or entered into, affairs; vehement in altercation, &c.]: (IAth, TA:) accord. to which latter 2: see above, in six places. explanation, it should he mentioned in art. J0j, 4. l.jl and A;ijl: sce 1, first sentence. as it is by the author of the L; but Z mentions it also the paragraph here following. in the present art., like F. (TA.)
gJt: see the next preceding
iparagralh.

subst.,] i. q. aLj, q. v.: (giar p. 139:) [and 4F3 commonly signifying A grace; a beauty; a [And, 0 my Lord, since Thou hast made lyldt comely quality; a physical, aml also an intelto be to me the object of love, then grace Thlou me lectual, adornment; an honour, or a credit; and to her eyes like as Thlou kast graced her to me]. anythig tllhat is the pride, or glory, of a person t. (S, TA: but in the ibrmer, .jl 5JI;J in the place or thing: in these senses contr. of O ,:] pl. WDr of j¢IJI &l. [The reading in the . means of the (K.) - Az says, I heard a boy of [tlhe tribe ol.jects of love: for taM% beincg originally an calle?d] Benoo-'O0eyl say to another, . c *.q inf. n., may be used alike as sing. and pl.]) 'e, ~., meaning AMyface is comely and thy els1 fSl i a. l sej3 [means The setting off, face is ugly; for x . J, j ;j ,t ) . .. or commending, of a commodity in selling; and] [,ny face is pouesed of comelines and thy face is allowed, if without concealment of a fault, or is possessed of ugliness]; using the inf. ns. as defect, from the purchaser, and without lying in epithets; like as on,e says .. j~ .i and XJ;. the attribution and description of the article. (TA.) Also The comb of the cock. ($.) (TA.) Lei L;;i .
.;

i4

il'J [mentioned in this art. in the 15]: see art.
See

i:j,

the subst. from

1ij, (Mqb,)

signifies

5. ;,p and

ljil, (1, 1,)

t latter of the the

measure j:JW!, [originally oe3jl, and then 01All,] ljJI e,l~,JI [a mistranscription for ,e_.JI] means ,~5lI [i. e. The beloved, or thefriend, nho ($,) quasi-pass. verbs, [the former of ;e.j and the latter of lAj,] (1K,) signify the same; ($;) is in a state of mparation, or disunion]. (TA.) [Ile, or it, was, or became, ador ned, ornamented, ZAt1 A woman who veils herface.from men. decorated, decked, bedecked, yiarr,ixhed, embel(IAIr on the authlority of Ibn-Ez-Zul,eyr, TA in lished, beautified, or graced;] as also c.j'j, (S,* tlais art. and in art. j.) 1K,).[a variation of the first, being] originally ~j, the ,i being made quiescent, and incorpoOej rated into the j, and tlhe I being prefixed in order 1. lj, (d , MA, Msb, ],) nor. ';ik, (Msb,) tlhat the inception may be perfect; (S, TA;) inf. n. OJ; (MA, Msb, KL, TA;) and tj, and tljlo; and ' ijjl. (1.K) One says, t'; JI ( MA, Msb, g,) inf. n. '~ ; (Msb, KL, 4~C "Pb,'3l [perhaps a mistlanscription for TA;) and t4 ilj, (Msb, g,) and V.; jl, (1K,) j!, Tle earth, or land, became ador,#cd, Bk. I.

~ ' j b [i. e. A thing with mwhich, or by whick, ,one is adorned, ornamented, decorated, decked, bedecked, garhished, embellithed, beauti.fied, or graced; or with which, or by which, one adorns, tc., himref]; (T, , ];) any such thing; (1', TA;) [any ornament, ornaturs,decoration, garnish, embellishment, or grace;] and so *t-s ; (1;) and t* ij, also, [which see above,] signifies thie same as l;j: (gar p. 130:) accord. to Elnarlillee, '"j denotes the [mran of ] beautifying, or embellishin;g, a thing by another thing; consixting of apparel, or an ornament of gold or silver or ofjewelx or gems, or aspect : or, as some say, it is the beauly [seen] of the eye that does not reach to the interior qf that which is adorned [thereby]: accord. to Er-Righib, its proper mean101

1280
man, in any of hir staatsor conditionu, either in the preitt world or in that whicA is to come: but that which adorns him in one state or condition, exclusively of another, is in one point of view * : summarily spelaking, it is of three kinds; namely, mental, sucA a knowaedge or airnce, and good tnuts ; and bodily, ,ckh as atregth, and tallram of stature, and beauty of aopect; and atrinit~ , cA as wealtA, and ranh or station or disnity; and all these are mentioned in the o]ur: (TA;) the pl. is *CJ.(Bl in x. 25.)
ang is a tAing that don not disgrace, or render which is broken when the Nile has attained the vnsw~ly, a

[Boox I.
: a -. 1

height of sixteen cubits or more: this day is said to be meant in the ]ur xx. 61: it is one of the days observed in Egypt with the greatest gladness and rejoicing from ancient times; and its observance in the days of the F4imees was such a is inconceivable, u it is described in the "Khiat " of EI-Malpeezee. (TA. [The modern observances of this day, and of other days in relation to the rise of the Nile, are described in my work on the Modern Egyptians.])

f see each in two plaes in what follows. and

t

~I1

and · Oj signify the amne

Cl;Wtp A beautiful moon. (.) [or simply ,),JI 4j generally means The ornature, finery, how, pomp, or V14J: sa e gaiety, of tae present lif or world; and] particulaly includes twlth and cAildrm. (]ur [in t) The art, or occupation, of the C>,)a: in the present day.] xviii. 44.) j;l 4i [The ornature of the earth] mean;Me plan#t, or Aerbage, of th earth. '3j: see the last paragraph in this art. (TA.) J1 .,g [7ihe day of ornature] is th i j: see (Also,] [ fetival (.;41); (9, IC;) when men used [and applied to a man, Having his Aair trimmeod, or clipped, [or shavn, still use] to adorn themselves with goodly articles of apparel. (TA.) And also The day of the by the a .] (, TA.) brwakig [of the dam a little waitAi tha entranmc] · . of thA canal of Mi.r (here meaning the present i.q. (i.e. [ A cupper; who is capital of Egypt, El-JAhireh, which we call generly a barber; and to the latter this epithet "Cairo "], (, TA,) i. e. the canal which run ( s~j) is now commonly applied; a it is also through the midst of Miar, and [the dam of] in the MA]. (9, TA.) 8e ~ also ~d.

I!JIil 3;0t 4

[i. e. Adorned, ornam ted, decorated, decked, bedecked, garnished, ombdel~sd, or graced; u also 1 tVj: and the first signifies also eelyadorned &c.]: (TA :) the second and third are part. ns. of OI.j!i; the third being formed from the second by incorporation [of the > into thej]: and the dim. of 01 is f o.fi , like ep the dim. of l; and if you substitute [for the s], so VOP"j.: and in like manner in forming the pl.

you say ^
.4

and e *i

($.)

You ay, 01

ej'?t

and t Jj^,

meaning Chjj

4ipf

i; [i. d. I am graed by tihe making of thy comnand, or qffair]. (TA.) And t*SIj 5p! means [i. e. A woman adond, &e; or sef'-adornd &c.]: (V, TA:) in tsome of] the copies of the ], erroneously, ,

know

r

(TA.)

B)D OP THE THIRD PART OP BOOK 1.

W. M. WATT, 00 GeRAV-INI ROAD

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