Display on VGA without SDRAM

The problem: I want to display dynamic characters on the screen. The normal work is
to use a SDRAM to save the contents of the VGA matrix. If I will use 680 * 460 so I
have to use matrix 680*460 of 3 bytes for the red and green and blue.
But I will make it simple and will use 2 colors so I just need 1 bit. So I can design a
matrix using VHDL which will be 680*640. Oh, there is another problem. It takes too
much time to synthesize the code because every bit is connected as a signal.
How can I solve this??
I had a nice idea. I will show the char in 10*10 bit. So the 680*460 matrix can be
only 86*46. it will take no time in systemization. I considered the 86*46 matrix as a
pointer which point at the small matrices.
Why did I do that?
I wanted to make a complete system which contain (keyboard, VGA, UART, GPIO,
LCD and soft-processor). I have already design the rest of the system but I want to
make it completely.
Well, I don't like to talk much. Just look at the code. It is for Spartan 3E for
simplification.
You may notice some weird things. For example
I wanted to divide an integer by 10 but this is a problem in VHDL. So I did it using
for loop. By make a counter that count by 10 and notice the equalization.
Anyway, this is the code. It is not the final code but you will see some alphabets in
some places in the screen. You just have to get an input from outside to write on the
screen wherever you want.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Company:
-- Engineer:
--- Create Date: 15:40:42 12/08/2008
-- Design Name:
-- Module Name: Sync_XY_generator - Behavioral
-- Project Name:
-- Target Devices:
-- Tool versions:
-- Description:
--- Dependencies:
--- Revision:
-- Revision 0.01 - File Created
-- Additional Comments:
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------library IEEE;
use IEEE.STD_LOGIC_1164.ALL;
use IEEE.STD_LOGIC_ARITH.ALL;
use IEEE.STD_LOGIC_UNSIGNED.ALL;
use ieee.numeric_std.all;
use ieee.math_real.all;
---- Uncomment the following library declaration if instantiating
---- any Xilinx primitives in this code.
--library UNISIM;
--use UNISIM.VComponents.all;
entity vga is
Port ( CLK50_in : in STD_LOGIC;
HS : out STD_LOGIC;
VS : out STD_LOGIC;
r,g,b : out std_logic
);
end vga;
architecture Behavioral of vga is
------- signals declarations
signal clk25: std_logic;
signal H_counter_value : integer;--std_logic_vector(9 downto 0);
signal V_counter_value : integer;--std_logic_vector(9 downto 0);
signal x : integer range 0 to 640; --std_logic_vector(9 downto 0);
signal y : integer range 0 to 640; -- std_logic_vector(9 downto 0);
signal c:std_logic_vector(7 downto 0);
signal xx,yy :integer;
shared variable xd,yd:integer;

signal data:std_logic_vector(0 to 9);
--constant c_x_l : integer := 320 ;
--constant c_x_r: integer := 327;
--constant c_y_u : integer := 150 ;
--constant c_y_d: integer := 157 ;
--signal gdata: std_logic_vector(7 downto 0):="11110000";
signal obj_rgb:std_logic_vector(2 downto 0) := "001";
--signal obj2_rgb:std_logic_vector(2 downto 0) := "010";
--signal ball_rgb:std_logic_vector(2 downto 0) := "011";
--signal a_on,b_on,c_on:std_logic;
--signal tick:std_logic;
--signal counter2:integer:=0;
--subtype tmp is integer;
type memory_array is array ( 0 to 9 ) of std_logic_vector (0 to 9 ) ;

subtype tmp is std_logic_vector( 7 downto 0);
type memory is array(integer range 0 to 64,integer range 0 to 48) of tmp;
signal mem:memory;
constant am : memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0110000110", -"0110000110", -"0000000000"
);
constant bm : memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0111111100", -"0110000110", -"0110000110", -"0111111110",-"0000000000"
);
constant cm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",

"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110000000", -"0110000000" , -"0110000000", -"0110000000", -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0000000000"
);
constant dm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111100", -"0111111110" , -"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0110000110", -"0110000110", -"0111111110", -"0111111100", -"0000000000"
);
constant em: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110000000", -"0111111110" , -"0111111110", -"0110000000", -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0000000000"
);
constant fm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110000000", -"0110000000" , -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0110000000", -"0110000000", -"0000000000"
);
constant gm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", --

"0111111110" , -"0110000000", -"0110000000" , -"0110011110", -"0110011110", -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0000000000"
);
constant hm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0110000110", -"0111111110" , -"0111111110", -"0110000110", -"0110000110", -"0110000110", -"0000000000"
);
constant im: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110000000", -"0110000000" , -"0110000000", -"0110000000", -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0000000000"
);
constant jm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110110000", -"0110110000" , -"0110110000", -"0000110000", -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0000000000"
);
constant km: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0110000110", -"0110001100" , -"0110011000", --

"0110110000" , -"0111100000", -"0110011000", -"0110001100", -"0110000110", -"0000000000"
);
constant lm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0110000000", -"0110000000" , -"0110000000", -"0110000000" , -"0110000000", -"0110000000", -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0000000000"
);
constant mm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110110110", -"0110110110" , -"0110110110", -"0110110110", -"0110110110", -"0110110110", -"0000000000"
);
constant nm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111000110", -"0111000110" , -"0110110110", -"0110110110" , -"0110110110", -"0110011110", -"0110001110", -"0110001110", -"0000000000"
);
constant om: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0011111100", -"0111111110" , -"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0110000110", --

"0110000110", -"0111111110", -"0011111100", -"0000000000"
);
constant pm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110000110", -"0111111110" , -"0111111110", -"0110000000", -"0110000000", -"0110000000", -"0000000000"
);
constant qm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0110000110", -"0110110110", -"0101111010", -"0001111000", -"0000000000"
);
constant rm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0111111110", -"0110110000", -"0110001100", -"0110000110", -"0000000000"
);
constant sm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0110000000", -"0111111100" , -"0011111110", -"0000000110", -"0111111110", --

"0111111110", -"0000000000"
);
constant tm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0000110000", -"0000110000" , -"0000110000", -"0000110000", -"0000110000", -"0000110000", -"0000000000"
);
constant um: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0110000110", -"0110000110", -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0000000000"
);
constant vm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0110000110", -"0011001100" , -"0011001100", -"0001101100", -"0001111000", -"0000110000", -"0000000000"
);
constant wm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0110110110", -"0110110110" , -"0110110110", -"0110110110" , -"0110110110", -"0110110110", -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0000000000"

);
constant xm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0011001100", -"0001111000" , -"0001111000", -"0011001100", -"0110001110", -"0110000110", -"0000000000"
);
constant ym: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0110000110", -"0110000110" , -"0011001100", -"0001111000" , -"0000110000", -"0000110000", -"0000110000", -"0000110000", -"0000000000"
);
constant zm: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0111111110", -"0111111110" , -"0000011100", -"0000111000" , -"0001110000", -"0011100000", -"0111111110", -"0111111110", -"0000000000"
);
constant spa: memory_array:= (
"0000000000",
"0000000000", -"0000000000", -"0000000000",-"0000000000", -"0000000000",-"0000000000",-"0000000000",-"0000000000", -"0000000000"
);
begin

--a_on <=
--'1' when (a_x_l <= x ) and (x <= a_x_r) and (a_y_u <=y) and (a_y_d >= y) else
--'0';
--b_on <=
--'1' when (b_x_l <= x ) and (x <= b_x_r) and (b_y_u <=y) and (b_y_d >= y) else
--'0';
--c_on <=
--'1' when (c_x_l <= x ) and (x <= c_x_r) and (c_y_u <=y) and (c_y_d >= y) else
--'0';
-- generate a 25Mhz clock
divide_by_two_counter :process (clk50_in)
begin
if clk50_in'event and clk50_in='1' then
clk25 <= not clk25;
end if;
end process;
-- generate the tick for the refreshment of the object position
--counter :process (clk50_in)
-- begin
-- if clk50_in'event and clk50_in='1' then
--counter2<=counter2 + 1;
--tick<='0';
--end if;
--if counter2<=50000000 then
--counter2<=0;
--tick<='1';
--end if;
--end process;
--process(clk50_in,tick)
--begin
--if tick='1' then
--ball_x_r <= ball_x_r + 1;
--ball_x_l <= ball_x_l + 1;
--end if;
--if ball_x_r = 510 then
--ball_x_r <=100;
--ball_x_l <=107;
--end if;
--end process;
HS_VS_generator :process (clk25)

begin
if clk25'event and clk25='1' then
H_counter_value <= H_counter_value +1;
if (H_counter_value = 800)then
H_counter_value <= 0;
V_counter_value <= V_counter_value +1;
end if;
if (V_counter_value = 521)then
V_counter_value <= 0;
end if;
x <= H_counter_value-144;
y <= V_counter_value-31;
--if (H_counter_value >=144 and H_counter_value < 783 and V_counter_value >=31
and V_counter_value <510) then
-if((x>=0)and(x<256)and(y>=0)and(y<256))then
-addr<=addr+1;
-ena<='1';
-r<='0';b<='0';--g<=(others=>'0');
-g<='1';
--else
-r<='1';b<='0';g<='0';addr<="0000000000000000";
-ena<='0';
-end if;
--else
-r<='0';g<='0';b<='0';addr<="0000000000000000";
--reed<='0';ena<='0';
--end if;
if (H_counter_value < 96)then
HS <= '0';
else
HS <= '1';
end if;
if (V_counter_value < 2)then
VS <= '0';
else
VS <= '1';
end if;
end if;
end process;
-------process(clk25,a_on,b_on,c_on)
--variable x_object,y_object :integer;
--variable d:std_logic;
--variable mem:memory_array;
--begin

--if clk25'event and clk25='0' then
--if a_on ='1' then
--x_object:= x - a_x_l ;
--y_object:= y - a_y_u ;
--data :=mem1(y_object);
--c<= data (x_object);
--mem(x)(y) <= mem1(x_object)(y_object);
--elsif b_on ='1' then
--x_object:= x - b_x_l;
--y_object:= y - b_y_u;
--data :=mem2(y_object);
--c<= data (x_object);
--mem(x)(y) <= mem2(x_object)(y_object);
--elsif c_on='1' then
--x_object:= x - c_x_l;
--y_object:= y - c_y_u;
--mem(x)(y) <= mem3(x_object)(y_object);
--data :=mem3(y_object);
--c<= data (x_object);
--end if;
--end if;
--end process;
mem(0,0)<= "00000001";
mem(1,0)<= "00000010";
mem(0,3)<= "00000011";
mem(10,10)<= "00001100";
mem(11,25)<= "00010110";
mem(0,30)<= "00001011";
process(clk25,x,y)
variable v,u:integer;
begin
if clk25'event and clk25='1' then
for n in 0 to 64 loop
v:= n * 10;
if v=x then
xd:=n;
end if;
end loop;
for t in 0 to 64 loop
u:= t * 10;
if u=y then
yd:=t;
end if;
end loop;

c<= mem (xd,yd);
xx<= x - 10* xd;
yy<=y - 10*yd;
end if;
end process;
with c select
data<= am(yy) when "00000001",
bm(yy) when "00000010",
cm(yy) when "00000011",
dm(yy) when "00000100",
em(yy) when "00000101",
fm(yy) when "00000110",
gm(yy) when "00000111",
hm(yy) when "00001000",
im(yy) when "00001001",
jm(yy) when "00001010",
km(yy) when "00001011",
lm(yy) when "00001100",
mm(yy) when "00001101",
nm(yy) when "00001110",
om(yy) when "00001111",
pm(yy) when "00010000",
qm(yy) when "00010001",
rm(yy) when "00010010",
sm(yy) when "00010011",
tm(yy) when "00010100",
um(yy) when "00010101",
vm(yy) when "00010110",
wm(yy) when "00010111",
xm(yy) when "00011000",
ym(yy) when "00011001",
zm(yy) when "00011010",
spa(yy) when others;
process(clk25,H_counter_value,V_counter_value,c)
begin
if (H_counter_value >=144 and H_counter_value < 783 and V_counter_value >=31
and V_counter_value <510) then
r<='0';
b<=data(xx);
g<='0';
end if;
end process;
end Behavioral;

Muhammad
modeonz007@yahoo.com

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