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Vocabulary

Booklet

By Eamon Barkhordarian

Acute triangle- a triangle whose interior angles are all

acute

Adjacent angle- Either of two angles having a

common side and a common vertex

from the center

the center of a figure, especially of a circle or sphere,

and terminating at the periphery

equal length

interior angle

sides parallel

circle with any point on its circumference

angles

Right triangle- a triangle with one right angle

length

added to a given angle or arc makes 180° or a

semicircle

intersecting lines and lying on opposite sides of the

point of intersection

FORMULAS

2

Area of a circle- r × pi

height

height

Table of Contents

Vocabulary words----------------------------------------------------------------1-2

Acute triangle----------------------------------------------------------------------3

Adjacent angle---------------------------------------------------------------------4

Area of a circle--------------------------------------------------------------------21

Area of a parallelogram----------------------------------------------------------21

Area of a triangle------------------------------------------------------------------21

Circle--------------------------------------------------------------------------------5

Circumference of a circle--------------------------------------------------------21

Complementary angles-----------------------------------------------------------6

Diameter----------------------------------------------------------------------------7

Equilateral triangle----------------------------------------------------------------8

Isosceles triangle------------------------------------------------------------------9

Obtuse triangle--------------------------------------------------------------------10

Parallelogram----------------------------------------------------------------------11

Perpendicular----------------------------------------------------------------------12

Quadrilateral-----------------------------------------------------------------------13

Radius------------------------------------------------------------------------------14

Rectangle--------------------------------------------------------------------------15

Right triangle----------------------------------------------------------------------16

Scalene triangle-------------------------------------------------------------------17

Supplementary angle-------------------------------------------------------------18

Trapezoid--------------------------------------------------------------------------19

Vertical angle---------------------------------------------------------------------20

Volume of a cylinder------------------------------------------------------------21

Volume of a rectangular prism-------------------------------------------------21

Volume of a triangular prism---------------------------------------------------21

Acute triangle

Acute triangle- a triangle whose interior angles are all

acute

angles are acute angles. As you can see, angle A, B,

and C are all acute, causing this triangle to be an acute

triangle.

Adjacent angles

Adjacent angle- Either of two angles having a

common side and a common vertex

So are angles 2 and 3, angles 3 and 4, and angles 4

and 1.

the same angle as angle 2.

Complementary angles

Complementary angles- Two angles whose sum is 90°

sum of their degree measurements equals 90

degrees. One of the complementary angles is said to

be the complement of the other.

to form a right angle.

get a complementary angle.

Diameter

Diameter- A straight line connecting two opposite

points on the surface of a spherical or cylindrical

body.

on the circle, to the opposite point.

through the circle with a line from one point of the

circle, to the opposite point.

Equilateral Triangle

Equilateral triangle- A triangle that had all sides of

equal length

same too, or else it would be impossible to create an

equilateral triangle.

As you can see, all the sides are the same, and so

are all the angles, making this an equilateral triangle.

Isosceles Triangle

Isosceles triangle- a triangle with two equal sides

same, or else it would be impossible to create it.

and the remaining side has length . This property is

equivalent to two angles of the triangle being equal.

An isosceles triangle therefore has both two equal

sides and two equal angles.

Obtuse Triangle

Obtuse triangle- a triangle that contains an obtuse

interior angle

An obtuse triangle only has one obtuse angle,

because it is impossible to create a triangle with two

obtuse angles.

The bottom left angle and the top right angle are

both acute, though the bottom right angle is obtuse,

causing this triangle to be an obtuse triangle.

Parallelogram

Parallelogram- A four-sided plane figure with opposite

sides parallel

parallel (and therefore opposite angles equal). A

parallelogram whose angles are all right angles is

called a rectangle.

Shape #2: Diagonals bisect each other at 0

Shape #3: Area of a parallelogram is height x base

Perpendicular

Perpendicular- Intersecting at or forming right angles

perpendicular if they meet at a right angle.

perpendicular to the line segment . This

relationship is commonly denoted with a small

square at the vertex where perpendicular objects

meet, as shown above.

Quadrilateral

Quadrilateral- A polygon having four sides

tetragon or quadrangle. A quadrilateral with two

sides parallel is called a trapezoid, whereas a

quadrilateral with opposite pairs of sides parallel is

called a parallelogram.

quadrilaterals, so be creative and see if you can find

other types of quadrilaterals.

Radius

Radius- A line segment that joins the center of a

circle with any point on its circumference

of a circle to its perimeter, or from the center of a

sphere to its surface. The radius is equal to half the

diameter.

at any point of the perimeter.

Rectangle

Rectangle- A four-sided plane figure with four right

angles

equal lengths and , and with four right angles is a

rectangle.

showing that this figure is a rectangle.

Right triangle

Right triangle- a triangle with one right angle

if you add any more, it would increase the number of

sides in the shape, not making it a triangle anymore.

scalene triangle

Scalene triangle- a triangle with no two sides of equal

length

the scalene triangle, while the other two are right

triangle and equilateral triangle

because it has no two sides of equal length.

Supplementary angles

Supplementary angle- The angle or arc that when

added to a given angle or arc makes 180° or a

semicircle

to form a straight line.

get a supplementary angle.

Trapezoid

Trapezoid- A quadrilateral having two parallel sides

The trapezoid is equivalent to the British definition of

trapezium.

above is a trapezoid.

Vertical angle

Vertical angle- Either of two angles formed by two

intersecting lines and lying on opposite sides of the

point of intersection

below, angle AEB and angle DEC are called vertical

angles. Vertical angles have the same degree

measurement. Angle BEC and angle AED are also

vertical angles.

DEC; and angle DEA is the same angle measurment

as CEB

Formulas

Area of a circle- r2× pi

Volume of a cylinder- area of top × height

height

× height

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