Handover Feature Parameter Description

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The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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BSS Handover

Contents

Contents
1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................ 1-1 1.2 Intended Audience ........................................................................................................................ 1-1 1.3 Change History.............................................................................................................................. 1-1

2 Overview .....................................................................................................................................2-1 3 Technical Description ..............................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Measurement Report Processing.................................................................................................. 3-1 3.2 Handover Preprocessing............................................................................................................... 3-2 3.3 Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm I..................................................................... 3-5 3.3.1 Quick Handover.................................................................................................................... 3-5 3.3.2 TA Handover ......................................................................................................................... 3-7 3.3.3 BQ Handover........................................................................................................................ 3-8 3.3.4 Rapid Level Drop Handover ................................................................................................. 3-9 3.3.5 Interference Handover.......................................................................................................... 3-9 3.3.6 Handover Due to No Downlink Measurement Report ........................................................ 3-10 3.3.7 Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover .......................................................................... 3-11 3.3.8 Load Handover ................................................................................................................... 3-14 3.3.9 Edge Handover................................................................................................................... 3-16 3.3.10 Fast-Moving Micro Cell Handover .................................................................................... 3-17 3.3.11 Inter-Layer Handover........................................................................................................ 3-18 3.3.12 PBGT Handover ............................................................................................................... 3-19 3.3.13 AMR Handover ................................................................................................................. 3-20 3.3.14 SDCCH Handover ............................................................................................................ 3-20 3.3.15 Other Handovers .............................................................................................................. 3-21 3.4 Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm II.................................................................. 3-21 3.4.1 Quick Handover.................................................................................................................. 3-23 3.4.2 TA Handover ....................................................................................................................... 3-24 3.4.3 BQ Handover...................................................................................................................... 3-25 3.4.4 Interference Handover........................................................................................................ 3-26 3.4.5 Handover Due to No Downlink Measurement Report ........................................................ 3-27 3.4.6 Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover .......................................................................... 3-28 3.4.7 Load Handover ................................................................................................................... 3-30 3.4.8 Edge Handover................................................................................................................... 3-30 3.4.9 Fast-Moving Micro Cell Handover ...................................................................................... 3-31 3.4.10 Better Cell Handover ........................................................................................................ 3-33 3.4.11 Handover Between a Full-Rate TCH and a Half-Rate TCH ............................................. 3-34 3.4.12 SDCCH Handover ............................................................................................................ 3-35 3.4.13 Other Handovers .............................................................................................................. 3-36

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................................6-1 7 Reference Documents ...............................................................................................................5-1 6 Glossary ......................................................... Issue Draft (2010-03-30) ...........7-1 ii Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..................................................................................................................................................................................................4-1 5 Counters ................Contents BSS Handover 4 Parameters ............................................................................. Ltd............

BSS Handover

1 Introduction

1 Introduction
1.1 Scope
This document describes the overall procedure of Huawei handover algorithms and the specific handover decisions.

1.2 Intended Audience
It is assumed that users of this document are familiar with GSM basics and have a working knowledge of GSM telecommunication. This document is intended for:
z z

Personnel working on Huawei GSM products or systems System operators who need a general understanding of this feature

1.3 Change History
The change history provides information on the changes in different document versions. There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows:
z

Feature change Feature change refers to the change in the Handover feature of a specific product version. Editorial change Editorial change refers to the change in wording or the addition of the information that was not described in the earlier version.

z

Document Issues
The document issues are as follows:
z z z

03(2010-01-20) 02(2009-09-30) 01(2009-06-30)

03(2010-01-20)
This is the third commercial release of GBSS9.0. Compared with issue 02 (2009-09-30) of GBSS9.0, issue 03(2010-01-20) of GBSS9.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table.

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1-1

1 Introduction

BSS Handover

Change Type Feature change

Change Description A description of 3.3.14 SDCCH Handover (Huawei handover algorithm I) and 3.4.12 SDCCH Handover (Huawei handover algorithm II) is added. The value range of Inter-cell HO Hysteresis in 3.3.9 Edge Handover (Huawei handover algorithm I), 3.4.8 Edge Handover (Huawei handover algorithm II), 3.3.3 BQ Handover (Huawei handover algorithm I), 3.4.3 BQ Handover (Huawei handover algorithm II), and 3.4.5 Handover Due to No Downlink Measurement Report (Huawei handover algorithm II) is changed.

Parameter Change The parameter changed is as follows: Inter-cell HO Hysteresis

Editorial change

The triggering conditions of better cell handover in 3.4.10 Better Cell Handover are changed.

None.

02 (2009-09-30)
This is the second commercial release of GBSS9.0. Compared with issue 01 (2009-06-30) of GBSS9.0, the following changes are incorporated: Change Type Feature change Change Description In 3.3.9 Edge Handover (handover algorithm I) and 3.4.8 Edge Handover (handover algorithm II), the parameters Edge HO Watch 0.5s Time, Edge HO Valid 0.5s Time, Edge HO AdjCell Watch 0.5s Time, and Edge HO AdjCell Valid 0.5s Time are changed. Parameter Change The parameters are changed as follows: Handover algorithm I Edge HO Watch Time Handover algorithm II Edge HO Watch Time Handover algorithm I Edge HO Valid Time Handover algorithm II Edge HO Valid Time Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time Edge HO AdjCell Valid Time

1-2

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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BSS Handover

1 Introduction

Change Type Editorial change

Change Description The structure of the document is optimized.

Parameter Change None.

01 (2009-06-30)
This is the first commercial release of GBSS9.0. Compared with issue 01 (2009-04-30) of GBSS8.1, issue 01 (2009-06-30) of GBSS9.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table. Change Type Feature change Change Description The description of handover direction forecast during the target cell selection is added in 3.3.1 Quick Handover. Parameter Change The parameters added are as follows:
z

Handover Direction Forecast Enable Chain Neighbour Cell Type Handover Direction Forecast Statistic Times Handover Direction Forecast Last Times

z z

z

Editorial change

None.

None.

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1-3

.

the MS and BTS in service measure the conditions of uplink and downlink radio links respectively. 2-1 . Figure 2-1 Procedure for performing Huawei handover algorithms Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm I Figure 2-2 shows the procedure of handover decision based on handover algorithm I. Huawei handover algorithms apply to the handovers on TCHs as well as the handovers on SDCCHs. You can determine the handover algorithm used in a cell through Current HO Control Algorithm.BSS Handover 2 Overview 2 Overview The GSM network comprises multiple cells with continuous coverage. and then send the MRs to the BSC. Figure 2-1 shows the procedure for performing Huawei handover algorithms (including handover algorithm I and handover algorithm II). Ltd. record the measurement results into measurement reports (MRs). The handover technique is introduced into the GSM system to enable the users who are in motion to continue with the current call without interruption. thus optimizing the network performance. Huawei handover algorithms (handover algorithm I and handover algorithm II) involve measurement and MR reporting. The BSC determines whether to trigger a handover based on the MRs and the actual conditions of the radio network. handover decision. MR processing.. and handover execution. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. During a handover.

Quick handover is mainly applicable in the railway scenario.2 Overview BSS Handover Figure 2-2 Procedure of handover decision based on handover algorithm I In handover algorithm I. Ltd. five types of handover decisions are defined: z Quick handover (including quick Power BudGet Handover (PBGT) handover and frequency offset handover). 2-2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Good and stable services can be provided when the voice quality deteriorates during the fast movement of an MS.

Normal handover.. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. z z z Figure 2-3 shows the handovers provided in Figure 2-2 and their priorities in handover algorithm I. In a normal cell. 2-3 . In an enhanced dual-band network. Load handover enables the system load to be balanced among multiple cells so that the system performance can be ensured.BSS Handover z 2 Overview Emergency handover. Normal handover ensures good services when an MS is moving. Load handover. the emergency handover has a bigger deviation than other handovers in terms of the selection of the target cell. Emergency handover can ensure the call continuity when the radio condition severely deteriorates. Ltd. Theoretically. That is. the calls in the high-traffic GSM900 cell can be handed over to the low-traffic DCS1800 cell to balance traffic. the resources in the overlaid DCS1800 cell and underlaid GSM900 cell can be shared during the assignment and handover procedures. frequent emergency handovers should be avoided. Enhanced dual-band network handover.

2-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.2 Overview BSS Handover Figure 2-3 Handover decisions based on handover algorithm I Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm II Figure 2-4 shows the procedure of handover decision based on handover algorithm II. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .. Ltd.

BSS Handover 2 Overview Figure 2-4 Procedure of handover decision based on handover algorithm II Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd. 2-5 .

2 Overview BSS Handover 2-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Ltd.

three types of handover decisions are defined. Figure 2-5 Handover decisions based on handover algorithm II Handover Execution BTS power lift for handover function determines whether the BTS of the serving cell transmits signals at the maximum power during a handover. The BSC maximizes the transmit power of the BTS before sending a handover command to the MS. The BSC does not adjust the BTS power during the handover to ensure the success of the handover. 2-7 . Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..BSS Handover 2 Overview In handover algorithm II. Ltd. as shown in Figure 2-5.

.

the previous measurement reports are discarded. z If measurement reports are not issued continuously and the number of lost measurement reports is greater than the value of Allowed MR Number Lost. If MR. In the MR. the handover algorithm I performs the linear interpolation for the MRs. By setting the parameters Transfer Original MR. If measurement reports are not issued continuously and the number of lost measurement reports is smaller than the value of Allowed MR Number Lost. BTS power. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Measurement Report Filtering Filtering is performed on measurement reports obtained continuously from the measurement report list. and the Common PIlot CHannel(CPICH ). that is. you can specify the contents of the MRs to be provided and the period during which the MRs are provided. Averaging is performed on uplink/downlink RX level.Preprocessing is set to Yes. they are directly added to the measurement report list. z z If MR. Received Signal Code Power(RSCP). the uplink and downlink measurement results are obtained from the measurement reports. Measurement Report Interpolation The neighboring cell indexes are found on the basis of the BCCH frequencies and BSICs provided by the MS. 2G neighboring cell level. The averaging minimizes the effect on the result of handover decision due to sudden changes in the measurement values. then the processing is performed on the BSC side. Ltd. This decreases the signaling traffic on the Abis interface and the traffic volume processed by the BSC. uplink/downlink RX quality. Radio Quality Indication(RQI). The parameter Measurement Report Type determines the type to be used. The lowest values are applied to the interpolation of MRs by the handover algorithm II according to the protocols. Data Selection for Measurement Report The MR can be classified into enhanced MR and normal MR. NE Selection for Measurement Report Processing The processing can be performed either on the BSC side or on the BTS side. z z If measurement reports are issued continuously.. and Sent Freq. level 0 (-110 dBm) is applied in the interpolation.1 Measurement Report Processing Measurement report processing involves measurement report interpolation and filtering. Timing Advance(TA). level 0 (-110 dBm) is applied in the interpolation. level 0 (-110 dBm) and quality 7 are applied in the interpolation. − For the neighboring cell.Preprocessing is set to No. Transfer BTS/MS Power Class. and Ec/No of neighboring 3G cell. 3-1 . When new measurement reports are issued. the system performs operations as follows: − For the serving cell. the TCH measurement of the serving cell is classified into FULL SET and SUB SET. that is.of preprocessed MR.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description 3 Technical Description 3. then the processing is performed on the BTS side. calculation is done again. Then. the lowest value is applied to the lost level value according to the protocols. If no MR is reported because the RX level in the neighboring cell is too low.

Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . OL subcell to UL subcell handover within an enhanced concentric cell. If you compare the RX level of the serving cell after the power control with that of all BCCH TRXs of the neighboring cell. TA handover. In handover algorithm II. fast-moving micro cell handover. there is no mapping between them. the compensation of power control is calculated by adding the downlink RX level of the serving cell and twice the current downlink transmit Power Level of the BTS. the filtering fails. After the power control compensation is performed. The handover penalty is performed after successful fast-moving micro cell handover. thus causing the ping-pong handover. The handover decision is not performed. 3-2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. In general. In situations where the cells overlap severely. and after the handover failures. Ltd. 3. the system performs handover preprocessing and adjusts the priorities of the neighboring cells.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Power control compensation needs to be performed for the downlink RX level of the serving cell by the handover algorithm II. The power control compensation of the serving cell is performed after the interpolation processing and before the filtering processing. The number of consecutive measurement reports required for filtering are determined by the measurement object and channel type. in addition to the situations mentioned above. Table 3-1 Parameters related to the number of measurement reports Measurement Object Receive level of the serving cell Quality of the serving cell TA of the serving cell Receive level of the neighboring cell Power of the BTS in the serving cell RQI Channel Type SDCCH TCH SDCCH TCH TCH SDCCH BCCH SDCCH TCH Filter Length for TCH Level TCH Filter Length for TCH Qual Parameter Filter Length for SDCCH Level Filter Length for TCH Level Filter Length for SDCCH Qual. BQ handover.2 Handover Preprocessing Handover Penalty According to the neighboring cell information in the measurement report and the parameters. the handover penalty is also performed after successful or failed load handover and interference handover. the RX level of the serving cell can reflect the coverage condition of the BCCH TRX of the serving cell. See Table 3-1 for details. the handover is easily triggered. Filter Length for TCH Qual Filter Length for TA TA filter length for SDCCH level Filter Length for Ncell RX_LEV NCell filter length for SDCCH level If consecutive measurement reports are insufficient..

Ltd. the handover penalty is performed after the network characteristics adjustment and before the emergency handover decision. After the handover fails. the handover from UL subcell to OL subcell is not allowed within Penalty Time of UtoO HO. or CfgPenaltyTimer. penalty is performed on all the neighboring cells of the micro cell. different penalties are performed on the target cell based on the causes: z z z z z − If the handover to a neighboring 2G or 3G cell fails. RscPenaltyTimer. TA handover.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description In handover decision procedure of handover algorithm II. Table 3-2 lists the parameters related to handover penalty. z After the quick handover. In handover algorithm II. Related parameters are Penalty on Fast Moving HO and Penalty Time on Fast Moving HO. it cannot initiate another intra-cell AMR TCHF to TCHH handover within Penalty Time after AMR TCHF-H HO Fail. 3-3 . − If the OL subcell to UL subcell handover within a concentric cell fails. the handover from UL cell to OL cell is not allowed within Inter UL/OL Subcells HO Penalty Time. After the OL subcell to UL subcell handover within an enhanced concentric cell is successful. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. − If the UL subcell to OL subcell handover within a concentric cell fails. If an MS fails to initiate an intra-cell AMR TCHF to TCHH handover. after the interference handover is initiated.. Based on the handover failure cause. the penalty level is subtracted from the actual RX level of the original cell during the penalty period. After the OL cell to UL cell handover in the enhanced dual-band network is successful. Table 3-2 Parameters related to handover penalty Handover Quick handover TA Handover BQ Handover Load handover (handover algorithm II) Parameter Quick Handover Punish Time Quick Handover Punish Value Penalty Level after TA HO Penalty Time after TA HO Penalty Level after BQ HO Penalty Time after BQ HO Penalty Time on Load HO Penalty Value on Load HO z After the fast-moving micro cell handover is successfully performed. Bad Quality (BQ) handover. the handover from UL subcell to OL subcell is not allowed within Penalty Time after UtoO HO Fail. this handover is not allowed to be initiated again within Penalty Time on Interfere HO regardless of whether the handover is successful or not. or load handover (in handover algorithm II) is successfully performed. the actual RX level of the target cell is subtracted by Penalty Level after HO Fail for neighboring cell ranking during the penalty. the handover from OL subcell to UL subcell is not allowed within Penalty Time after OtoU HO Fail. the penalty time could be UmPenaltyTimer.

The level of the target cell changes after the penalty of load handover. Calculate the difference between the downlink RX level of the neighboring cells and the downlink RX level of the serving cell. in handover algorithm II. usage of TCHs in the neighboring cells. then the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. If the downlink RX level of a neighboring 2G cell is lower than the sum of Min DL Level on Candidate Cell and Min Access Level Offset. the network characteristics needs to be readjusted. Based on the difference.. then the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. that is. z In the case of non-directed retry. Ltd. Network characteristics adjustment provides the final candidate cell list for handover decision. In handover algorithm II. all related factors are adjusted in network characteristics adjustment phase. the handover decision procedure starts. if an MS in an external BSC cell occupies an SDCCH and Inter-BSC SDCCH HO ALLowed is set to No. The candidate cells are ranked in descending order by priority. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. Then. then the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. the handover to this external BSC cell is prohibited. that is. rank the neighboring cells in descending order. z Network Characteristics Adjustment Network characteristics adjustment is a process in which the position of each cell in the candidate cell list is determined based on the related network information. After the network characteristics adjustment. In other words. some of the factors are adjusted before the emergency handover decision procedure is initiated. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . − If FDD REP QUANT is set to RSCP. If the uplink RX level of a neighboring 2G cell is lower than the sum of Min UL Level on Candidate Cell and Min Access Level Offset. that is. the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. hysteresis.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Basic Ranking Basic ranking is performed after handover penalty to generate a candidate cell list in descending order taking the following information into account: RX levels of the serving cell and neighboring cells carried in the MRs. 3-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. that is. and the RSCP of a neighboring cell is lower than Min RSCP threshold. the cell is processed according to FDD REP QUANT: z z z z − If FDD REP QUANT is set to Ec/N0. z If a neighboring 3G cell is a TDD cell and the RSCP after penalty is lower than the Min RSCP threshold. that is. and the Ec/N0 of a neighboring cell is lower than Min Ec/No threshold. the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. In handover algorithm I. that is. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. If a neighboring 3G cell is an FDD cell. If a neighboring 2G cell and the serving cell are controlled by the same BSC and the TCH usage of the neighboring cell is 100%. the final candidate cell list (including neighboring cells and serving cell) is generated. the emergency handover decision is made after the network characteristics adjustment. then. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. then this cell should be removed from the candidate cell list. and so on. Penalty Value on Load HO is subtracted from the level of the original cell within Penalty Time on Load HO if the load handover is successful. After the emergency handover decision. the handover to this neighboring cell is prohibited. the neighboring cell should be removed from the candidate cell list.

emergency handover. Quick Handover Types Quick handover consists of frequency offset handover and quick PBGT handover. and normal handover. a selected route. the subsequent handover decisions are not performed. 3-5 . the handover decision based on handover algorithm I is made in the following order: quick handover. HO is started. HO times out.. The purpose of the forced handover is as follows: z z If no TCH is available in the serving cell during the MS access process. then the emergency handover timer Min Interval for Emerg. a neighboring 2G cell is selected. enhanced dual-band network handover. Ltd. If the triggering conditions of emergency handover are met and there is at least one candidate cell. a neighboring 3G cell is preferred.3 Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm I According to the emergency condition of an MS in the network. load handover. Another emergency handover decision can be performed only when Min Interval for Emerg. 3. z When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 2G Cell: If the RX level of a candidate 2G cell is lower than or equal to HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell. or a high-speed railroad. Inter-rat HO Preference specifies whether a neighboring 2G cell or a neighboring 3G cell is preferred. Quick handover applies to the scenario where an MS moves fast along an urban backbone road. z When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 3G Cell: A neighboring 3G cell is preferred. The forced handover is classified into these four types: z z z z Outgoing cell handover (direct retry) Outgoing BTS handover Outgoing BSC handover Specified target cell list handover 3. the MSs under control of the related BTS should be handed over to the cells controlled by a functional BTS to ensure that no call drop occurs during BTS maintenance. z When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 2G Cell: A neighboring 2G cell is preferred.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Forced Handover If the forced handover is triggered. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. When BTS maintenance is performed. Handover decision based on handover algorithm I involves the following procedures: z z Determining whether the serving cell meets the triggering conditions Selecting corresponding candidate cells In handover algorithm I.1 Quick Handover Quick handover aims to increase the handover success rate of an MS moving at a high speed and to ensure the call continuity and low call drop rate. the directed retry procedure is performed when Directed Retry is set to Yes.3. If the candidate cell list contains suitable neighboring 3G cells but no suitable neighboring 2G cells. If the candidate cell list contains suitable neighboring 2G cells but no suitable neighboring 3G cells. a neighboring 3G cell is selected.

. Ltd. the decision is made as follows: − − If the first condition is met. the direction of a chain neighboring cell (A or B) compared with the serving cell is specified by Chain Neighbour Cell Type. provided that other conditions of frequency offset handover are met. the handover response speed is enhanced by: z z z z Accurately calculating the moving speed of the MS Derestricting the interval between handover decisions Reducing the number of measurement reports for the handover decision Introducing the α filtering Quick Handover Preparation The preparation for quick handover involves the following aspects: z Frequency offset is decoded from the measurement report. the triggering conditions of quick handover are as follows: z z z z The MS is moving away from the serving cell (the frequency offset in the measurement result is a negative value) and the moving speed of the MS is greater than Quick Move Speed Threshold. z Quick PBGT handover Quick PBGT handover decision is made according to the path loss of neighboring cells. The triggering conditions of quick handover are as follows: z If the last three conditions are met simultaneously. a quick PBGT handover is performed. The target cell can be obtained through the setting of Chain Neighbor Cell. z α filtering is performed on the measurement report. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . To forecast the moving direction of the MS. For quick handover. If Quick Handover Enable is set to Yes. If Handover Direction Forecast Enable is set to Yes. z If all the last three conditions are not met. Triggering Conditions During handover decision. PBGT(n) is greater than or equal to 0. quick handover is not triggered.3 Technical Description z BSS Handover Frequency offset handover Whether the MS is moving away from the serving cell is determined based on the frequency offset information provided by an MS moving at a high speed. If the number of times that the MS is 3-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. a neighboring cell in the moving direction of the MS is selected preferentially. it is first determined whether the triggering conditions of frequency offset handover are met. Frequency offset handover decision is made according to the uplink/downlink RX level of the serving cell and the path loss of neighboring cells. The compensated downlink level of the serving cell is lower than Quick Handover Down Trigger Level. Frequency offset of the MS is obtained from the uplink measurement report that the BTS sends to the BSC. When the BTS cannot send the frequency offset information or the reported frequency offset information is invalid. In other words. The filtered uplink level of the serving cell is lower than Quick Handover Up Trigger Level. If the first condition is not met. Target Cell Selection The target cell must be a chain neighboring cell of the serving cell. The path loss of configured chain neighboring cells is lower than the specified threshold of the path loss of the serving cell. a frequency offset handover is performed. quick PBGT handover is triggered.

then the MS is inferred to be moving towards the B direction. If TA Threshold of a co-site neighboring cell is lower than or equal to the TA Threshold of the serving cell. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If no neighboring 3G cell is available.3.2 TA Handover TA handover is a type of emergency handover. Filtered TA value in the measurement report provided by the MS is greater than or equal to TA Threshold. The penalty time and penalty value are specified by Quick Handover Punish Time and Quick Handover Punish Value respectively. The TA handover can be triggered only when the preceding two conditions are met simultaneously. the MS is preferentially handed over to the neighboring cell whose Chain Neighbour Cell Type is B. After a quick handover is successful. The TA handover decision is made according to the TA value reported by the MS. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. the following operations are performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. a handover to the neighboring cell is prohibited. the penalty is performed on the original cell during the penalty time to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell. The TA value of a normal cell ranges from 0 to 63 and that of an extended cell ranges from 0 to 229. Triggering Conditions TA handover is triggered when the following conditions are met: z z TA HO Allowed is set to Yes. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z z The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. Subsequently. The TA value of 63 corresponds to a distance of 35 km. Limitations The limitations on quick handover are as follows: z z z The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description handed over to neighboring cells in the same direction (B for example) is greater than or equal to Handover Direction Forecast Last Times when the handover time reaches Handover Direction Forecast Statistic Times. From the perspective of the triggering conditions of TA handover. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list after handover preprocessing. 3-7 . 3. The TA can be stepped up or down in steps of 553.5 m. TA can be regarded as a limitation to the size of a cell. Each cell can be configured with a maximum of three chain neighboring cells. If the triggering conditions of TA handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. In addition. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No. the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made. Ltd. The candidate cells for quick handover must be chain neighboring cells of the serving cell. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover..

For AMR HR calls. the penalty is performed on the original cell. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z If the target cell is a neighboring cell. During Penalty Time after TA HO. The probable cause of an increase in BER is that the signal power is too low or the channel interference increases. the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual.3. or different timeslot is preferred (priority: different frequency band > different frequency > different TRX > different timeslot). The BQ handover is triggered when either of the preceding conditions is met. A channel with different frequency band. Limit for AMR HR. Threshold and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual. Threshold. the RX level of the target cell must meet the following condition: Filtered downlink RX level of the target cell > Filtered downlink RX level of the serving cell + (Inter-cell HO Hysteresis of the serving cell configured for the neighboring cell . the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. z Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list after handover preprocessing. different TRX. then the preceding condition need not be met. then the MS is handed over to the serving cell. If the triggering conditions of BQ handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. The parameters for specifying the uplink and downlink RX quality thresholds are as follows: z z For non-AMR calls. In addition. 3. Ltd. the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual. The RX quality is measured in bit error rate (BER). if there is no neighboring cell. Penalty Level after TA HO is subtracted from the level of the original cell to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell.. different frequency.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Limitations After the TA handover is successful. z In handover algorithm I. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Limit for AMR HR and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual. Limit for AMR FR.3 BQ Handover BQ handover is a type of emergency handover in which the system makes the decision based on the uplink/downlink RX quality on the Um interface. Triggering Conditions If BQ HO Allowed is set to Yes. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) 3-8 . the following operations are performed: z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. Limit for AMR FR and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual. The BSC measures the quality of a radio link based on the quality class in the measurement report. For AMR FR calls. the triggering conditions of BQ handover are as follows: z z The uplink RX quality is greater than or equal to the uplink RX quality threshold of the serving cell. if there is only one cell in the candidate cell list and the cell is a neighboring cell. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes.(BQ HO Margin . The downlink RX quality is greater than or equal to the downlink RX quality threshold of the serving cell. and the serving cell is not in the intra-cell handover penalty state.64) In handover algorithm I. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover.64) . Intracell HO Allowed is set to Yes.

. the penalty is performed on the original cell. or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. A5 indicates Filter Parameter A5. Triggering Conditions If Rx_Level_Drop HO Allowed is set to Yes. A6 indicates Filter Parameter A6.BSS Handover z 3 Technical Description If no neighboring 3G cell is available. the following operations are performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. In edge handover and PBGT handover. 3-9 . or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. 3. If the triggering conditions of rapid level drop handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. B indicates Filter Parameter B. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. A7 indicates Filter Parameter A7. interference handover is a type of emergency handover. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z z The target cell has a higher priority than the serving cell. Penalty Level after BQ HO is subtracted from the level of the original cell to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell. The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. and A8 indicates Filter Parameter A8. the finite impact response filtering can be performed on the original RX level. the triggering conditions of rapid level drop handover are as follows: z z Filtered uplink level < Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt . A1 indicates Filter Parameter A1. the mean value filtering and P/N decision methods are not responsive to short-period rapid level drop.3. If no neighboring 3G cell is available. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No.7t) < B Here. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. It is applicable to scenarios with interference. A4 indicates Filter Parameter A4. Therefore. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No. Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list after handover preprocessing. the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made. 3. the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made.3.t) + A3 x C(nt . This filtering method is responsive to the rapid level drop based on the drop slope of the original RX level.4 Rapid Level Drop Handover Rapid level drop handover is a type of emergency handover. Ltd. In addition.5 Interference Handover In handover algorithm I. Interference handover helps protect the interfered calls and reduce the network interference. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. to solve the rapid level drop problem. During Penalty Time after BQ HO. A2 indicates Filter Parameter A2.2t) + … + A8 x C(nt . Limitations After the BQ handover is successful. A3 indicates Filter Parameter A3.

. Thresh Offset for AMR FR. If the triggering conditions of interference handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR + Interfere HO Qual. − If n = 1. the target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list. The purpose is to ensure the call continuity and minimize the possibility of call drops.6 Handover Due to No Downlink Measurement Report Handover due to no downlink measurement report is performed on the basis of the uplink quality.3. In interference handover. the parameter for specifying the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . The parameters for specifying the uplink and downlink RX quality thresholds are as follows: z z For non-AMR FR calls. Thresh Offset for AMR FR. In addition. Thresh 1 for Non-AMR FR. The filtered value of downlink RX quality is greater than or equal to the specified RX quality threshold at the current downlink RX level. Forbidden time after MAX Times is triggered and the intra-cell handover is prohibited in the corresponding period. where 1 ≤ n ≤ 12. the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made. When a number of consecutive intra-cell handovers occur.3 Technical Description BSS Handover In handover algorithm I. the following operations need to be performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. the difference between interference handover and BQ handover is that in BQ handover the bad quality resulting from both coverage and interference is checked. − If 2 ≤ n ≤ 12. 3. the serving cell can be selected as the target cell. 3-10 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No. If no neighboring 3G cell is available.64. the triggering conditions of interference handover are as follows: z z The filtered value of uplink RX quality is greater than or equal to the specified RX quality threshold at the current uplink RX level. Ltd. For AMR FR calls. The interference handover is triggered if either of the previous conditions is met. z If the filtered level of a neighboring cell after handover penalty ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold of the neighboring cell + Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . the parameters for specifying the RX quality threshold are Interfere HO Qual. the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm I. the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR (1 ≤ n ≤ 12) and Interfere HO Qual. the bad quality resulting from coverage is not checked. this neighboring cell can serve as the target cell. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. Triggering Conditions If Interference HO Allowed is set to Yes. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z If Intracell HO Allowed is set to Yes and the intra-cell handover penalty timer expires.

Ltd. so other handover decisions cannot be performed.HO Allowed Limit. 3. for SDCCH. The MS supports the frequency band on which the overlaid cell operates. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm I.7 Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover Enhanced dual-band network handover is performed based on the traffic volume of the overlaid and underlaid cells and based on the receive level. the serving cell is selected as the target cell. The handover due to high load in the underlaid cell is performed only on TCHs. the triggering conditions of handover due to no downlink measurement report are as follows: z z z z z No Dl Mr. The load in the overlaid cell is lower than Inner Cell Serious OverLoad Thred. If no neighboring cell is available.No Dl Mr.3. the conditions for selecting the target cell are as follows: z z z The ranked neighboring cells recorded in the last complete measurement report are saved as candidate cells. There is no downlink information in the measurement report of the call. The number of lost downlink MRs is smaller than Cons. Enhanced dual-band network handover is classified into the following types: z z z Handover due to high load in the underlaid cell Handover due to low load in the underlaid cell Handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell Triggering Conditions of Handover Due to High Load in the Underlaid Cell The triggering conditions of the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z z z z z The two cells are in the enhanced dual-band network and Load HO Allowed is set to Yes.HO Allowed is set to Yes. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the number of saved MRs with uplink quality value is greater than Filter Length for TCH Qual. the handover due to no downlink measurement report is triggered. The current call is within the handover margin and the receive level is greater than or equal to Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH. the number of saved MRs with uplink quality value is greater than Filter Length for SDCCH Qual. For TCH. Preferably a neighboring cell is selected as the target cell.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Handover due to no downlink measurement report is generally caused by adverse radio environment on the uplink. The filtered value of uplink quality is greater than or equal to No Dl Mr. the requirements of the filtering algorithm cannot be met. In this case.. Triggering Conditions In handover algorithm I. 3-11 ..Ul Qual HO Limit. The load in the underlaid cell is higher than or equal to UL Subcell General Overload Threshold. The system traffic volume is lower than or equal to Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level. When all the previous conditions are met.

If such a neighboring cell is not available. the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell is triggered. then the handover margin is adjusted in a period of OL Subcell Load Diversity HO Period.ATCB_HYST Here. locates at the same layer. ATCB_HYST: specifies Distance Hysteresis Between Boundaries. 3-12 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell is triggered. If the load of the underlaid subcell is lower than UL Subcell Lower Load Threshold for a specified period.3 Technical Description BSS Handover When all the preceding conditions are met. then the handover margin is adjusted in a period of UL Subcell Load Hierarchical HO Periods subtracted by MOD Step LEN of UL Load HO Period. The step length for handover margin adjustment is specified by Step Length of OL Subcell Load HO. the value of SS(n) is -110 dBm. The system traffic volume is lower than or equal to Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level. − SS(u): specifies the downlink level (power compensation is performed on the downlink level based on the measurement) of the underlaid cell where the call is originated. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . and has the same priority as the underlaid cell but is not co-sited with the underlaid cell.SS(n) < ATCB_THRD . Thdouter: specifies Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. When all the preceding conditions are met. The current call is within the handover margin and the receive level is greater than or equal to Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. If the SS(u) value cannot be obtained. The step length for handover margin adjustment is specified by Step Length of UL Subcell Load HO. − SS(n): The best neighboring cell is the one whose measured BCCH level is the highest among neighboring cells. you can infer that the decision of enhanced dual-band network handover is not performed and the decision condition is met by default. Handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell is triggered if either of the preceding conditions is met. Triggering Conditions of Handover Due to MS Movement to the Border of the Overlaid Cell The triggering conditions of the handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell are as follows: z z SS(s) < Thdouter SS(u) . SS(n) is the signal level of the best neighboring cell that operates on the same frequency band.. Triggering Conditions of Handover Due to Low Load in the Underlaid Cell The triggering conditions of the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z The load in the underlaid cell is lower than UL Subcell Lower Load Threshold. − − SS(s): specifies the filtering compensated downlink RX level in the serving cell. If the load of the underlaid subcell in the cell is higher than or equal to UL Subcell Serious Overload Threshold. − − ATCB_THRD: specifies Distance Between Boundaries of Subcells. Ltd.

The Load HO Allowed parameter should be set. If SS(s) . the MS should not be handed over to a cell in the same underlaid/overlaid cell group when the load handovers between the overlaid cell and the underlaid cell (specified by Load HO Allowed and Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell) are allowed. Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Inner(Inner). the MS must be handed over to the overlaid cell. Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Extra(Extra). The limitations on the handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell are as follows: z If the cell where the call is located is on the enhanced dual-band network. the target cell is the underlaid cell. The target cell can also be another neighboring cell. For the handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell. The MS should not be handed over to the cell that ranks after the serving cell. The coverage area of the overlaid cell is determined according to different networking and coverage conditions of the existing network.SS(n) > ATCB_THRD. For the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell. If SS(s) = SS(n). This is to prevent a load handover of a normal cell from colliding with a load handover between the overlaid cell and the underlaid cell on the network. The maximum range of the handover margin is from 63 to Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. the system considers that the MS is located in the coverage area of the overlaid cell. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Limitations The limitations on the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z If the cell where the call is located is on an enhanced dual-band network. the border between the overlaid and underlaid cells is determined according to the signal strength of the serving cell and that of neighboring cells. In addition. 3-13 Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . z Target Cell Selection The requirements for target cell selection in the enhanced dual-band network are as follows: z z z For the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell. Ltd. Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Inner(Inner). The limitations on the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z If the cell where the call is located is on the enhanced dual-band network. the overlaid cell of the serving cells and the overlaid cell of the neighboring cells will not overlap regardless of the distance between BTSs. In the case of overlaid/underlaid load handover on the enhanced dual-band network. the MS must be handed over to the underlaid cell. the system considers that the MS is located at the border of the underlaid cell. Generally. the MS is handed over to the neighboring cell that ranks first among neighboring cells.. The maximum range of the handover margin is from 63 to Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH. The Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell parameter should be set. The MS with the lowest receive level is handed over first. The handover margin specifies the range of signal level. the MSs whose downlink levels are within the handover margin are handed over level by level. Impact of the Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover on the Existing Algorithm The impact of the enhanced dual-band network handover on the existing algorithm is as follows: z On the enhanced dual-band network.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description z In the adapter distance to cell border(ATCB) handover algorithm. The MS with the highest receive level is handed over first.

the system traffic volume should be taken into account. the load of the system CPU should be considered before load handover is performed. the load in neighboring cells is not switched to heavy-load cells. Ltd. Meanwhile. thus. see the 2G/3G Interoperability Feature Parameter Description. that is whether the traffic volume (generally TCH usage) in the cell exceeds the preset threshold. the load handover is required. Whether a cell carries heavy load or light load is determined by the traffic volume in the cell. Figure 3-1 Load handover between cells To perform load sharing. If the traffic volume in a cell is lower than Load handover Load Accept Threshold.8 Load Handover In the network. z z If the traffic volume in a cell is greater than Load HO Threshold. load handover is performed step by step. the edge handover threshold is not increased any more. to prevent too many MSs from being handed over at a time.3. Load handover may lead to many handovers. Load handover can be performed between cells at different layers. you can infer that the load in this cell is heavy. In addition. you can infer that the load in this cell is light and the cell can receive load from the heavy-load cells. the MS should not be handed over to the cell in the same group in the case of PBGT handover between cells on the enhanced dual-band network. In other words. The load handover algorithm needs to be enabled. the edge handover threshold is increased on the basis of Load HO Step Level (CLS_Ramp) and Load HO Step Period (CLS_Period). When the increase in the edge handover threshold equals Load HO Bandwidth (CLS_Offset). some load in heavy-load cells is switched to light-load cells. 3. In a load handover procedure. In other words.. See Figure 3-2 for details. increase Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold so that the load at the border of a cell is switched to a neighboring cell with light load. To balance the load of these cells. some cells carry heavy load whereas the overlapping upper-layer cells and the neighboring cells may carry light load. Therefore. Figure 3-1 shows the details.3 Technical Description z BSS Handover The PBGT handover algorithm may cause inter-cell handover. 3-14 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . For details about the inter-RAT load handover.

the MSs in load handover margin 2 are handed over to the neighboring cells. The load handover is performed step by step to prevent call drops caused by a sudden increase in CPU load or the congestion in the target cell. The current load of the serving cell is greater than or equal to Load HO Threshold.64 The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. After a Load HO Step Period elapses. Target Cell Selection The conditions for selecting the target cell are as follows: z z z z Filtered RX level after handover penalty ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold + Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . Examples The system assigns MSs to different load handover margins based on the downlink RX level. Load handover margin 1 specifies the area where the downlink level ranges from Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold to the sum of Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold and Load HO Step Level. The load handover algorithm is used to hand over the MSs out of a cell step by step. The load handover margin 2 specifies the area where the downlink level ranges from Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold to the sum of Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold and (2 x Load HO Step Level). The load handover stops when the traffic volume in the cell is less than or equal to Load HO Threshold. 1. the triggering conditions of load handover are as follows: z z The CPU usage of the system is less than or equal to System Flux Threshold for Load HO. a load handover is performed when the load of the target cell is lower than Load handover Load Accept Threshold and Inter BSC Load Information Allowed is set to Yes. Ltd. If the target cell and the serving cell are in the same BSC. 3-15 . Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 3. a load handover is performed when the current load of the target cell is lower than Load handover Load Accept Threshold.. The MSs in load handover margin 1 are handed over to the neighboring cells. If the target cell and the serving cell are not in the same BSC.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Figure 3-2 Load handover Triggering Conditions If Load Handover Support is set to Yes. 2.

To trigger an edge handover. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . The filtered uplink RX level of the serving cell is lower than Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold.3.9 Edge Handover Edge handover is performed on the basis of receive level. Figure 3-3 Edge handover Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority among the candidate cells. it should meet the following conditions: z z The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell.64 An edge handover is triggered when the P/N criterion is met.3 Technical Description BSS Handover 3. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. 3-16 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. that is. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No. − − The filtered downlink RX level of the serving cell is lower than Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold. the decision on whether to initiate another type of handover is made.. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. the target cell must have a higher priority than the serving cell. Triggering Conditions If Edge HO Allowed is set to Yes.64) greater than the receive level of the serving cell. z RX level of the neighboring cell > RX level of the serving cell + Inter-cell HO Hysteresis . After cells are ranked. If the triggering conditions of edge handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. Ltd. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. the receive level of the target cell should be at least one hysteresis value (specified by Inter-cell HO Hysteresis . when the previous conditions are met for Handover Algorithm I Edge HO Valid Time within Handover Algorithm I Edge HO Watch Time. A cell becomes the target cell if the previous conditions are met for Edge HO AdjCell Valid Time within Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time. the following operations are performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. If no neighboring 3G cell is available. Figure 3-3 shows the edge handover. the triggering conditions of edge handover are as follows: z Either of the following conditions is met. In addition.

When the triggering conditions of edge handover or PBGT handover are met. The cell counted by the system must locate at a layer lower than layer 4. Filtered RX level of the target cell ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold + Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . the fast-moving micro cell handover decision is started. Figure 3-4 Fast-moving micro cell handover Triggering Conditions If MS Fast Moving HO Allowed is set to Yes. 3. Figure 3-4 shows the fast-moving micro cell handover. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z z The target cell must be at layer 4. it is handed over to a macro cell. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm I. 3-17 . the target cell should have the highest priority among the candidate cells.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description 3. Umbrella cell.3. In other words. To prevent an MS that is moving fast in a macro cell from entering a micro cell. the handover decision procedure of fast-moving micro cell handover is as follows: 1.. When the number of cells that the MS passes in fast movement reaches MS Fast-moving Watch Cells. When the period during which the MS camps on the serving cell is shorter than MS Fast-moving Time Threshold. In addition. Fast-moving micro cell handover applies to the following scenarios: z z If an MS is moving fast in a micro cell.10 Fast-Moving Micro Cell Handover Fast-moving micro cell handover is performed from a micro cell to a macro cell according to the relative speed of an MS so that the number of handovers can be minimized. Ltd. the fast-moving micro cell handover is triggered if the number of cells that the MS passes in fast movement counted by the system is greater than or equal to MS Fast-moving Valid Cells.64 Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 2. time penalty is performed on the micro cell so that the fast-moving MS camps on the macro cell. the number of cells through which the fast-moving MS passes is incremented by one. that is. it must be a non-Umbrella cell.

Figure 3-5 shows the cell layers. The Layer of the cell parameter specifies at which layer a cell is located. Layer 3: Macro cell. Huawei multiband handover algorithm divides cells into four layers.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Limitations After the fast-moving micro cell handover is successful. 3.3. During Penalty Time on Fast Moving HO. The macro cells are generally GSM900 cells. with 16 priorities at each layer. which are commonly used in current GSM system and serve majority of subscribers. which are used in hot spots and blind spots. Cell Layer and Cell Priority With Huawei multiband handover algorithm. the GSM network is divided into several layers. This algorithm is applicable to complex networking scenarios. The umbrella cells are generally GSM900 cells having the wide coverage feature.. See 3. Penalty on Fast Moving HO is subtracted from the RX level of every neighboring micro cell. Layer 2: Micro cell. 3-18 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. a GSM network covering a certain area is divided into four layers. They enable capacity expansion. the penalty is performed on all the neighboring micro cells. It is used to enable the cells at low layers to absorb traffic volume. a proper traffic volume distribution can be realized among multiple frequency bands. The cell at the lower layer has a higher priority. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Layer 1: Pico cell. Figure 3-5 Cell layers In Huawei multiband handover algorithm. Ltd.10 Fast-Moving Micro Cell Handover for details. The micro cells are generally DCS1800 cells having the small coverage feature. The pico cells are generally DCS1800 cells.3. which are: z z z z Layer 4: Umbrella cell. To balance the traffic volume flexibly and to meet the requirements of different network topologies.11 Inter-Layer Handover Inter-layer handover is a type of normal handover. It also implements fast MS connection.

3. P) – RXLEV_DL – PWR_DIFF) – (MIN (MS_TXPWR_MAX (n). the target cell must have a higher priority than the serving cell.12 PBGT Handover PBGT handover is a type of normal handover. − − − RXLEV_DL: indicates the filtered downlink RX level of the serving cell. the previous conditions are met for Layer HO Valid Time within Layer HO Watch Time. The target cell has the highest priority in the candidate cell list. P) – RXLEV_NCELL (n) ) > PBGT_HO_MARGIN Here. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the triggering conditions of inter-layer handover are as follows: z z z The layer at which the target cell is located has a higher priority than the layer at which the serving cell is located. 3. that is. Target Cell Selection The target cell should meet the following conditions: z z z The target cell and the serving cell are at the same layer and have the same priority. − − P: indicates the maximum transmit power of an MS. The following condition is met for PBGT Valid Time within PBGT Watch Time: (MIN (MS_TXPWR_MAX. MS_TXPWR_MAX (n): indicates the maximum allowed transmit power of an MS in neighboring cell RxLev_NCELL (n): indicates the downlink receive level in neighboring cell n. The PBGT handover can be triggered only when all the previous conditions are met.. The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. n. The target cell has the highest priority in the candidate cell list. Filtered downlink RX level of the target cell ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold + Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . PBGT_HO_MARGIN: indicates PBGT HO Threshold minus 64. MS_TXPWR_MAX: indicates the maximum allowed transmit power of an MS in the serving cell. The inter-layer handover is triggered when the P/N criterion is met.64 After cells are ranked. Triggering Conditions If PBGT HO Allowed is set to Yes.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Triggering Conditions If Level HO Allowed is set to Yes. The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. Target Cell Selection The requirements for target cell selection are as follows: z z z The triggering conditions are met. Ltd. − − PWR_DIFF: indicates the difference between the maximum downlink transmit power in the serving cell due to power control and the actual downlink transmit power in the serving cell. 3-19 . the triggering conditions of PBGT handover are as follows: z z The target cell and the serving cell are at the same layer and have the same priority.

3. SDCCH handover helps improve the access success rate of the MSs on the edge of the network.14 SDCCH Handover SDCCH handover is a process in which the MS is handed over from an SDCCH to another SDCCH in an immediate assignment. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . The type of channel specified by the MSC during a call can be changed during a handover. The RQI is greater than F2H HO Threshold and the cell load is greater than AMR TCH/H Prior Cell Load Threshold. the AMR TCHH-TCHF handover can be performed if the preceding conditions are met for Intracell F-H HO Last Time within Intracell F-H HO Stat Time. the AMR TCHF-TCHH handover can be performed if the preceding conditions are met for Intracell F-H HO Last Time within Intracell F-H HO Stat Time. 3. It consists of the AMR TCHF-TCHH handover and the AMR TCHH-TCHF handover. The target call is an AMR call. The type of channel specified by the MSC during a call can be changed during a handover. The half-rate function must be enabled in the cell where the call is initiated. thus improving the network QoS. For an AMR FR call. the handover is allowed. an SDCCH handover involves measurement and MR reporting.. The conversion formula between RQI and C/I is RQI = 2 x C/I. For an AMR HR call. The call occupies the full-rate TCH. Regarding procedure. The target call is an AMR call. The principle of SDCCH handover is the same as that of TCH handover.13 AMR Handover The AMR handover in handover algorithm I is performed on AMR calls on the basis of radio quality indication (RQI). 3-20 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.3. only the serving cell can be selected as the target cell. Ltd. Therefore.3 Technical Description BSS Handover 3. handover decision. For an AMR FR call. The full-rate speech version 3 and half-rate speech version 3 must be supported by the cell where the call is initiated. Triggering Conditions of AMR TCHH-TCHF Handover The triggering conditions of AMR TCHH-TCHF handover are as follows: z z z z z z Intracell F-H HO Allowed is set to Yes. and handover execution. Triggering Conditions of AMR TCHF-TCHH Handover The triggering conditions of AMR TCHF-TCHH handover are as follows: z z z z z z z Intracell F-H HO Allowed is set to Yes. The full-rate speech version 3 and half-rate speech version 3 must be supported by the cell where the call is initiated. MR processing. The RQI is smaller than H2F HO Threshold. The call occupies the half-rate TCH. Target Cell Selection The AMR handover is an intra-cell handover. The half-rate function must be enabled in the cell where the call is initiated. if AMR TCH/H Prior Allowed is set to Yes and the cell load is greater than AMR TCH/H Prior Cell Load Threshold.

and inter-cell handover. 3-21 . 3. and fast-moving micro cell handover z The algorithms for the following handovers do not support SDCCH handover: enhanced dual-band network handover. Tight BCCH Handover See BCCH Dense Frequency Multiplexing Feature Parameter Description. emergency handover. Ltd. TA handover. If an inter-BSC SDCCH handover is required. edge handover. inter-layer handover. AMR handover. handover due to no downlink measurement report.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Whether an SDCCH handover can be performed is controlled by the SDCCH HO Allowed parameter. Better 3G Cell Handover See 2G/3G Interoperability Feature Parameter Description. BQ handover.. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. concentric cell handover. and interference handover have a high priority. interference handover. The handover decision algorithm for SDCCH handover is different from that for TCH handover in the following ways: z The algorithms for the following handovers support SDCCH handover: quick handover. PBGT handover. both SDCCH HO Allowed and Inter-BSC SDCCH HO ALLowed should be set to YES(Yes). emergency handover.4 Handover Decision Based on Handover Algorithm II Handover decision based on handover algorithm II is made in the following order: forced handover. load handover. intra-cell handover. Figure 3-6 shows the details.15 Other Handovers Other handovers here refer to better 3G cell handover and tight BCCH handover.3. better 3G cell handover. rapid level drop handover. The BSC selects a handover type with the highest priority from all the handovers that can be performed on each neighboring cell. Handover decision based on handover algorithm II involves the following procedures: z z z Determining whether the serving cell meets the triggering conditions Selecting corresponding candidate cell list for each handover type Performing the comprehensive decision and determining the candidate neighboring cells The procedure for performing comprehensive decision based on handover results and determining the candidate neighboring cells is as follows: 1. and tight BCCH handover 3. The handover priority is as follows: − Forced handover.

. Ltd. AMR handover has the same priority as TCHF-TCHH handover. Every neighboring cell in the candidate cell list has its own handover decision. Frequency offset handover has a higher priority than quick PBGT handover.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Figure 3-6 Handovers with high priority Quick handover is classified into frequency offset handover and quick PBGT handover. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) 3-22 . Neighboring 2G cells and neighboring 3G cells are ranked separately. The BSC ranks the candidate cells according to the network characteristics adjustment algorithm and then generates the final candidate cell list. Figure 3-7 Handovers with normal priority 2. Figure 3-7 shows the details. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. − Intra-cell handover (excluding interference handover) and inter-cell handover have a normal priority.

BSS Handover

3 Technical Description

3.

In handover algorithm II, Inter-rat HO Preference specifies whether a neighboring 2G or a neighboring 3G cell is preferred. When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 2G Cell: A neighboring 2G cell is preferred. If the candidate cell list contains suitable neighboring 3G cells but no suitable neighboring 2G cells, a neighboring 3G cell is selected.

When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 3G Cell: A neighboring 3G cell is preferred. If the candidate cell list contains suitable neighboring 2G cells but no suitable neighboring 3G cells, a neighboring 2G cell is selected.

When Inter-rat HO Preference is set to Preference for 2G Cell By Threshold: If the RX level of a candidate 2G cell is lower than or equal to HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell, a neighboring 3G cell is preferred.

When a neighboring 3G cell is preferred among the candidate cells, the priority of 3G better cell handover is the lowest.

If the triggering conditions of emergency handover are met and there is at least one candidate cell, then the emergency handover timer Min Interval for Emerg. HO is started. Another emergency handover decision can be performed only when Min Interval for Emerg. HO times out.

3.4.1 Quick Handover
Quick handover aims to increase the handover success rate of an MS moving at a high speed and to ensure the call continuity and low call drop rate. Quick handover applies to the scenario where an MS moves fast along an urban backbone road, a selected route, or a high-speed railroad.

Quick Handover Types
Quick handover consists of frequency offset handover and quick PBGT handover.
z

Frequency offset handover Whether the MS is moving away from the serving cell is determined based on the frequency offset information provided by an MS moving at a high speed. Frequency offset handover decision is made according to the uplink/downlink RX level of the serving cell and the path loss of neighboring cells.

z

Quick PBGT handover Quick PBGT handover decision is made according to the path loss of neighboring cells.

For quick handover, the handover response speed is enhanced by:
z z z z

Accurately calculating the moving speed of the MS Derestricting the interval between handover decisions Reducing the number of measurement reports for the handover decision Introducing the α filtering

Quick Handover Preparation
The preparation for quick handover involves the following aspects:
z

Frequency offset is decoded from the measurement report. Frequency offset of the MS is obtained from the uplink measurement report that the BTS sends to the BSC.

z

α filtering is performed on the measurement report.

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3 Technical Description

BSS Handover

Triggering Conditions
During handover decision, it is first determined whether the triggering conditions of frequency offset handover are met. When the BTS cannot send the frequency offset information or the reported frequency offset information is invalid, quick PBGT handover is triggered, provided that other conditions of frequency offset handover are met. If Quick Handover Enable is set to Yes, the triggering conditions of quick handover are as follows:
z z z z

The MS is moving away from the serving cell (the frequency offset in the measurement result is a negative value) and the moving speed of the MS is greater than Quick Move Speed Threshold. The filtered uplink level of the serving cell is lower than Quick Handover Up Trigger Level. The compensated downlink level of the serving cell is lower than Quick Handover Down Trigger Level. The path loss of configured chain neighboring cells is lower than the specified threshold of the path loss of the serving cell. In other words, PBGT(n) is greater than or equal to 0.

The triggering conditions of quick handover are as follows:
z

If the last three conditions are met simultaneously, the decision is made as follows:
− −

If the first condition is met, a frequency offset handover is performed. If the first condition is not met, a quick PBGT handover is performed.

z

If all the last three conditions are not met, quick handover is not triggered.

Target Cell Selection
The target cell must be a chain neighboring cell of the serving cell. The target cell can be obtained through the setting of Chain Neighbor Cell. If Handover Direction Forecast Enable is set to Yes, a neighboring cell in the moving direction of the MS is selected preferentially. To forecast the moving direction of the MS, the direction of a chain neighboring cell (A or B) compared with the serving cell is specified by Chain Neighbour Cell Type. If the number of times that the MS is handed over to neighboring cells in the same direction (B for example) is greater than or equal to Handover Direction Forecast Last Times when the handover time reaches Handover Direction Forecast Statistic Times, then the MS is inferred to be moving towards the B direction. Subsequently, the MS is preferentially handed over to the neighboring cell whose Chain Neighbour Cell Type is B.

Limitations
The limitations on quick handover are as follows:
z z z

The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. The candidate cells for quick handover must be chain neighboring cells of the serving cell. Each cell can be configured with a maximum of three chain neighboring cells. After a quick handover is successful, the penalty is performed on the original cell during the penalty time to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell. The penalty time and penalty value are specified by Quick Handover Punish Time and Quick Handover Punish Value respectively.

3.4.2 TA Handover
TA handover is a type of emergency handover. The TA handover decision is made according to the TA value reported by the MS. The TA value of a normal cell ranges from 0 to 63 and that of an extended cell ranges from 0 to 229. The TA can be stepped up or down in steps of 553.5 m. The TA value of 63 corresponds to a distance of 35 km.

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BSS Handover

3 Technical Description

Triggering Conditions
TA handover is triggered when the following conditions are met:
z z

TA HO Allowed is set to Yes. Filtered TA value in the measurement report provided by the MS is greater than or equal to TA Threshold.

The TA handover can be triggered only when the preceding two conditions are met simultaneously.
From the perspective of the triggering conditions of TA handover, TA can be regarded as a limitation to the size of a cell.

Target Cell Selection
The target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list after handover preprocessing. In addition, the target cell should meet the following limitations:
z z z

The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. If TA Threshold of a co-site neighboring cell is lower than or equal to the TA Threshold of the serving cell, a handover to the neighboring cell is prohibited. In handover algorithm II, a cell becomes the target cell for TA handover if the previous conditions are met for TA HO Valid Time within TA HO Watch Time.

If the triggering conditions of TA handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable, the following operations are performed:
z z

If a neighboring 3G cell is available, if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes, and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover, the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. If no neighboring 3G cell is available, if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No, or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover, the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made.

Limitations
After the TA handover is successful, the penalty is performed on the original cell. During Penalty Time after TA HO, Penalty Level after TA HO is subtracted from the level of the original cell to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell.

3.4.3 BQ Handover
BQ handover is a type of emergency handover in which the system makes the decision based on the uplink/downlink RX quality on the Um interface. RX quality is represented by bit error rate (BER). The BSC measures the quality of a radio link based on the quality class in the measurement report. The probable cause of an increase in BER is that the signal power is too low or the channel interference increases.

Triggering Conditions
If BQ HO Allowed is set to Yes, the triggering conditions of BQ handover are as follows:
z z

The uplink RX quality is greater than or equal to the uplink RX quality threshold of the serving cell. The downlink RX quality is greater than or equal to the downlink RX quality threshold of the serving cell.

The BQ handover is triggered when either of the preceding conditions is met.

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Interference handover helps protect the interfered calls and reduce the network interference. Threshold and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual. the BQ handover is a type of emergency handover and the interference handover is a type of intra-cell handover. During Penalty Time after BQ HO. In handover algorithm II. If no neighboring 3G cell is available. a cell becomes the target cell for BQ handover if the previous conditions are met for BQ HO Valid Time within BQ HO Watch Time. z In handover algorithm II. There is no constraint on the target cell in this condition. the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual. In addition. Limit for AMR FR. z Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority in the candidate cell list after handover preprocessing. 3. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed.(BQ HO Margin . the target cell should meet the following conditions: z z In handover algorithm II. the decision on whether to initiate another type of emergency handover is made. the penalty is performed on the original cell. − The serving cell works in DCS1800 and the target cell works in GSM900. or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. Filtered downlink RX level of the target cell ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold + (Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . For AMR FR calls. the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual. For AMR HR calls. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. the serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. If the triggering conditions of BQ handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. the parameter for specifying the uplink RX quality threshold is UL Qual. and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. Ltd.4 Interference Handover Interference handover is a type of intra-cell handover in handover algorithm II. Limit for AMR FR and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual.4. Limit for AMR HR. Limit for AMR HR and the parameter for specifying the downlink RX quality threshold is DL Qual. Penalty Level after BQ HO is subtracted from the level of the original cell to prevent an immediate handover back to the original cell. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Limitations After the BQ handover is successful. The RX level of target cell must meet the following conditions: − The serving cell and the target cell work in the same frequency.64).. the following operations are performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. It is applicable to scenarios with interference. Filtered downlink RX level of the target cell > Filtered downlink RX level of the serving cell + (Inter-cell HO Hysteresis of the serving cell configured for the neighboring cell .64) − The serving cell works in GSM900 and the target cell works in DCS1800. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No. 3-26 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.64) . Threshold.3 Technical Description BSS Handover The parameters for specifying the uplink and downlink RX quality thresholds are as follows: z z For non-AMR calls.

For AMR HR calls. The purpose is to ensure the call continuity and minimize the possibility of call drops. For TCH. Thresh 1 for Non-AMR FR. − − z For AMR FR calls. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. the parameters for specifying the RX quality threshold are Interfere HO Qual. Handover due to no downlink measurement report is generally caused by adverse radio environment on the uplink. Thresh Offset for AMR FR. the triggering conditions of handover due to no downlink measurement report are as follows: z z z z No Dl Mr. the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR. − If n = 1. For AMR FR calls. the interference handover is triggered when the previous conditions are met for Interfere HO Valid Time within Interfere HO Static Time. the requirements of the filtering algorithm cannot be met. the number of saved MRs with uplink quality value is greater than Filter Length for TCH Qual. the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. only the serving cell can be selected as the target cell. the parameter for specifying the RX quality threshold is Interfere HO Qual. The number of lost downlink MRs is smaller than Cons. the triggering conditions of interference handover are as follows: z z The filtered value of uplink RX quality is greater than or equal to the specified RX quality threshold at the current uplink RX level.HO Allowed is set to Yes.HO Allowed Limit.5 Handover Due to No Downlink Measurement Report Handover due to no downlink measurement report is performed on the basis of the uplink quality. 3-27 . the number of saved MRs with uplink quality value is greater than Filter Length for SDCCH Qual. − If 2 ≤ n ≤ 12. Limit for AMR HR. if an interference handover is initiated. There is no downlink information in the measurement report of the call.4. the corresponding parameter is UL Qual.. Triggering Conditions In handover algorithm II. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR + Interfere HO Qual. Limitations In handover algorithm II. The filtered value of downlink RX quality is greater than or equal to the specified RX quality threshold at the current downlink RX level.No Dl Mr. Limit for AMR FR. where 1 ≤ n ≤ 12.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Triggering Conditions If Intracell HO Allowed is set to Yes and Interference HO Allowed is set to Yes. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm II. the corresponding parameter is UL Qual. 3. The parameters for specifying the uplink and downlink RX quality thresholds are as follows: z z For non-AMR FR calls. In this case. Thresh Offset for AMR FR. In handover algorithm II. Threshold. for SDCCH. so other handover decisions cannot be performed. it cannot be initiated again within Penalty Time on Interfere HO regardless of whether the handover is successful. The filtered value of uplink RX quality is greater than or equal to UL Qual.. Thresh n for Non-AMR FR (1 ≤ n ≤ 12) and Interfere HO Qual.

Only a neighboring cell can serve as the target cell. If the load of the underlaid subcell is higher than or equal to UL Subcell Serious Overload Threshold. The MS supports the frequency band on which the overlaid cell operates. the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell is triggered.64) A neighboring cell serves as the target cell if the previous conditions are met for UL BQ HO Last Time within UL BQ HO Static Time. the conditions for selecting the target cell are as follows: z z z z The ranked neighboring cells recorded in the last complete measurement report are saved as candidate cells.4. When all the preceding conditions are met. The load in the underlaid cell is higher than or equal to UL Subcell General Overload Threshold. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) 3-28 . RX level in neighboring cell > Filtered RX level in serving cell + (Inter-cell HO Hysteresis . The system traffic volume is lower than or equal to Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level. the handover due to no downlink measurement report is triggered. Ltd. The step length for handover margin adjustment is specified by Step Length of UL Subcell Load HO. Triggering Conditions of Handover Due to Low Load in the Underlaid Cell The triggering conditions of the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z The load in the underlaid cell is lower than UL Subcell Lower Load Threshold. The load in the overlaid cell is lower than Inner Cell Serious OverLoad Thred.. The current call is within the handover margin and the receive level is greater than or equal to Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. 3. Enhanced dual-band network handover is classified into the following types: z z z Handover due to high load in the underlaid cell Handover due to low load in the underlaid cell Handover due to MS movement to the border of the overlaid cell Triggering Conditions of Handover Due to High Load in the Underlaid Cell The triggering conditions of the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z z z z z The two cells are in the enhanced dual-band network and Load HO Allowed is set to Yes. then the handover margin is adjusted in a period of UL Subcell Load Hierarchical HO Periods subtracted by MOD Step LEN of UL Load HO Period.6 Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover Enhanced dual-band network handover is performed based on the traffic volume of the overlaid and underlaid cells and based on the receive level.3 Technical Description BSS Handover When all the previous conditions are met. The handover due to high load in the underlaid cell is performed only on TCHs. The current call is within the handover margin and the receive level is greater than or equal to Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH.(BQ HO Margin .64) . Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm II. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The system traffic volume is lower than or equal to Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level.

In addition.. The step length for handover margin adjustment is specified by Step Length of OL Subcell Load HO. z Target Cell Selection The requirements for target cell selection in the enhanced dual-band network are as follows: z z z For the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell. the overlaid subcell of serving cell and the overlaid subcell of neighboring cells will not overlap regardless of the distance between BTSs. Handover due to MS movement in the overlaid subcell is triggered if either of the preceding conditions is met. 3-29 . Ltd. − − SS(s): specifies the filtering compensated downlink RX level in the serving cell. the system considers that it is the boundary point of the underlaid subcell. the value of SS(n) is -110 dBm. the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell is triggered. Thdouter: specifies Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. layer. SS(n) is the level value of such a optimum neighboring cell that is on the same frequency band. − SS(n): The best neighboring cell is the one whose measured BCCH level is the highest among neighboring cells. the MS must be handed over to the overlaid cell. If the SS(u) value cannot be obtained. For the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell. − − ATCB_THRD: specifies Distance Between Boundaries of Subcells. The handover margin specifies the range of signal level. − SS(u): specifies the downlink level (power compensation is performed on the downlink level based on the measurement) of the underlaid subcell where the call is originated.ATCB_HYST Here. When SS(s) is equal to SS(n). the MS must be handed over to the underlaid cell. If such a neighboring cell is not available. ATCB_HYST: specifies Distance Hysteresis Between Boundaries. When the value of SS(s) subtracted by SS(n) is greater than ATCB_THRD. you can infer that the decision of enhanced dual-band network handover is not performed and the decision condition is met by default. then the handover margin is adjusted in a period of OL Subcell Load Diversity HO Period. The coverage area of the overlaid subcell is determined according to different networking and coverage conditions of the existing network. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Triggering Conditions of Handover Due To MS Movement in the Overlaid Subcell The triggering conditions of the handover due to MS movement in the overlaid subcell are described as follows: z z SS(s) < Thdouter SS(u) .SS(n) < ATCB_THRD . and level with the underlaid subcell but is not co-sited with the underlaid subcell.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description When all the preceding conditions are met. z For the ATCB handover algorithm. If the load of the underlaid subcell is lower than UL Subcell Lower Load Threshold for a specified period. the MSs whose downlink levels are within the handover margin are handed over level by level. the MS must be handed over to the underlaid cell. the boundaries of the overlaid and underlaid subcells are determined according to the relative value between the signal strength of serving cell and that of neighboring cell. it is the coverage area of the overlaid subcell. For the handover due to MS movement in the overlaid subcell. In the case of overlaid/underlaid load handover on the enhanced dual-band network.

See 3. This is to prevent a load handover of a normal cell from colliding with a load handover between the overlaid cell and the underlaid cell on the network. The Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell parameter should be set. See 3. The selection of target cell should be processed by the better cell handover. The MS with the highest receive level is handed over first. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. − The filtered downlink RX level of the serving cell is lower than Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold.4. load handover is not decided independently.4. Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Extra(Extra). the MS should not be handed over to a cell in the same underlaid/overlaid cell group when the load handovers between the overlaid cell and the underlaid cell (specified by Load HO Allowed and Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell) are allowed. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) 3-30 . The limitations on the handover due to MS movement in the overlaid subcell are described as follows: z The cell where the call is located is on the enhanced dual-band network. To trigger an edge handover. Ltd. Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Inner(Inner). the load handover is triggered when the triggering conditions of load handover and better cell handover are met simultaneously. That is. The MS with the lowest receive level is handed over first. 3.8 Edge Handover Edge handover is performed on the basis of receive level. The Load HO Allowed parameter should be set. In handover algorithm II. The limitations on the handover due to low load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z If the cell where the call is located is on the enhanced dual-band network.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Limitations The limitations on the handover due to high load in the underlaid cell are as follows: z z z If the cell where the call is located is on an enhanced dual-band network. the receive level of the target cell should be at least one hysteresis value (specified by Inter-cell HO Hysteresis .10 Better Cell Handover for the triggering conditions of better cell handover. Triggering Conditions If Edge HO Allowed is set to Yes.3.7 Load Handover In handover algorithm II. The maximum range of the handover margin is from 63 to Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH. the triggering conditions of edge handover are as follows: z Either of the following conditions is met. Cell Inner/Extra Property is set to Inner(Inner). 3.. Impact of the Enhanced Dual-Band Network Handover on the Existing Algorithm The impact of the enhanced dual-band network handover on the existing algorithm is as follows: On the enhanced dual-band network.8 Load Handover for the triggering conditions of load handover. the load handover decision is made in network adjustment phase.4. The maximum range of the handover margin is from 63 to Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH.64) greater than the receive level of the serving cell.

4. After cells are ranked. If the triggering conditions of edge handover are met but the candidate 2G cells are not suitable. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to No.9 Fast-Moving Micro Cell Handover Fast-moving micro cell handover is performed from a micro cell to a macro cell according to the relative speed of an MS so that the number of handovers can be minimized.BSS Handover − z 3 Technical Description The filtered uplink RX level of the serving cell is lower than Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold. the target cell must have a higher priority than the serving cell. it is handed over to a macro cell. A cell becomes the target cell if the previous conditions are met for Edge HO AdjCell Valid Time within Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time. Ltd. 3. 3-31 . and if the MS supports the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. the decision on whether to initiate another type of handover is made. If no neighboring 3G cell is available. when the previous conditions are met for Handover Algorithm II Edge HO Valid Time within Handover Algorithm II Edge HO Watch Time. the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover is performed. Figure 3-9 shows the fast-moving micro cell handover. In addition. Figure 3-8 shows the edge handover. time penalty is performed on the micro cell so that the fast-moving MS camps on the macro cell.. or if the MS does not support the 2G/3G inter-RAT handover. that is. RX level of the neighboring cell > RX level of the serving cell + Inter-cell HO Hysteresis . Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Figure 3-8 Edge handover Target Cell Selection The target cell should have the highest priority among the candidate cells.64 An edge handover is triggered when the P/N criterion is met. if Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable is set to Yes. the following operations are performed: z z If a neighboring 3G cell is available. it should meet the following conditions: z z The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell. Fast-moving micro cell handover applies to the following scenarios: z z If an MS is moving fast in a micro cell. To prevent an MS that is moving fast in a macro cell from entering a micro cell.

When the number of cells that the MS passes in fast movement reaches MS Fast-moving Watch Cells. When the period during which the MS camps on the serving cell is shorter than MS Fast-moving Time Threshold. In addition. the target cell should have the highest priority among the candidate cells. the penalty is performed on all the neighboring micro cells. Filtered RX level of the target cell ≥ Inter-layer HO Threshold + Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis . The cells counted by the system must locate at a layer lower than layer 4. the target cell should meet the following conditions: z z z The target cell must be at layer 4. the handover decision procedure of fast-moving micro cell handover is as follows: 1.64 A neighboring cell serves as the target cell if the previous conditions are met for HCS HO Valid Time within HCS HO Watch Time.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Figure 3-9 Fast-moving micro cell handover Triggering Conditions If MS Fast Moving HO Allowed is set to Yes. Limitations After the fast-moving micro cell handover is successful. the number of cells through which the fast-moving MS passes is incremented by one. During Penalty Time on Fast Moving HO. Umbrella cell. When the triggering conditions of edge handover or PBGT handover are met. Cell Layer and Cell Priority Through Huawei multiband handover algorithm. the fast-moving micro cell handover is triggered if the number of cells that the MS passes in fast movement counted by the system is greater than or equal to MS Fast-moving Valid Cells. that is. the fast-moving micro cell handover decision is started. a proper traffic volume distribution can be realized among multiple frequency bands. they must be non-Umbrella cells. Penalty on Fast Moving HO is subtracted from the RX level of every neighboring micro cell. Target Cell Selection In handover algorithm II. 3-32 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . 2. 3. In other words.. Ltd.

The micro cells are generally DCS1800 cells having the small coverage feature. which are: z z z z Layer 4: Umbrella cell. then the priorities of the target cells must be higher than the priority of the serving cell after the sorting. which are used in hot spots and blind spots. The cell at the lower layer has a higher priority. The Layer of the cell parameter specifies at which layer a cell is located. This algorithm is applicable to complex networking scenarios. The pico cells are generally DCS1800 cells. Enable is set to No.. The macro cells are generally GSM900 cells. They enable capacity expansion. Figure 3-10 Cell layers In Huawei multiband handover algorithm. Layer 2: Micro cell. If the serving cell is in the candidate cell list. The umbrella cells are generally GSM900 cells having the wide coverage feature. Enable is set to Yes.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Huawei multiband handover algorithm divides cells into four layers. path loss is taken into consideration during the sorting of the serving cell and target cells.4. then the target cells must meet the following conditions: Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. with 16 priorities at each layer. Ltd. If Pathloss Ho. It also implements fast MS connection. path loss is not taken into consideration during the sorting of the serving cell and target cells. If the serving cell is not in the candidate cell list. Layer 3: Macro cell. Better cell handover is specific to handover algorithm II. Triggering Conditions If Better Cell Handover Enable is set to Yes.10 Better Cell Handover Better cell handover is an optimization of inter-layer handover and PBGT handover in handover algorithm I. Figure 3-10 shows the cell layers. a GSM network covering a certain area is divided into four layers. the triggering conditions of better cell handover are as follows: z If Pathloss Ho. Layer 1: Pico cell. which are commonly used in current GSM system and serve majority of subscribers. 3. 3-33 z z Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .

− If the serving cell and the target cells are at the same layer and have the same priority. better cell handover can be triggered. the triggering conditions of AMR TCHF-TCHH handover are as follows: z z z z z z Speech Version used by the call is full-rate speech version 3. 3. Target Cell Selection The requirements for target cell selection are as follows: z z The serving cell cannot be selected as the target cell.SS_DL(S) > H . Threshold The preceding conditions are met for F-H Ho Last Time within F-H Ho Stat. T_layer(N) indicates Inter-layer HO Threshold of the target cell. H_layer(S) indicates Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis of the serving cell. the following conditions must be met: SS_DL(N) . − If the serving cell and the target cells are at different layers but have the same priority. H indicates Inter-cell HO Hysteresis of the serving cell over the neighboring cell. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .4. Types of handover between a full-rate TCH and a half-rate TCH are as follows: z AMR TCHF-TCHH handover and non-AMR TCHF-TCHH handover The purpose is to absorb more MSs and to reduce the cell congestion if the cell load is high. − If Load Handover Support is set to YES and the load in the serving cell is higher than Load HO Threshold. SS_DL(S) indicates the compensated receive level on the downlink TCH after filtration. The target cell has the highest priority in the candidate cell list.64 SS_DL(N) indicates the filtered BCCH receive level of a target cell. Downlink path loss of the call ≤ AMR F-H Ho Pathloss Threshold + path loss handover margin ATCB of the call ≥ AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold – ATCB handover margin Uplink signal quality of the call ≤ AMR F-H Ho Qual. z Triggering Conditions of AMR TCHF-TCHH Handover If the AMR F-H Ho Allowed is set to Yes. the following conditions must be met: SS_DL(N) ≥ T_layer(N) + H_layer(S) SS_DL(N) indicates the filtered BCCH receive level of a target cell. AMR TCHH-TCHF handover and non-AMR TCHH-TCHF handover The purpose is to improve the speech quality of the call if the cell load is low. 3-34 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.11 Handover Between a Full-Rate TCH and a Half-Rate TCH Handover between a full-rate TCH and a half-rate TCH performs decision based on handover algorithm II. Threshold Downlink signal quality of the call ≤ AMR F-H Ho Qual.3 Technical Description BSS Handover − Load Handover Support is set to NO. or Load Handover Support is set to YES but the load in the serving cell is lower than Load HO Threshold. Ltd.. A neighboring cell becomes a target cell if the preceding conditions are met for Better Cell HO Valid Time during Better Cell HO Valid Time. Time.

Time and Speech Version is half-rate speech version 1. Downlink path loss ≤ AMR H-F Ho Pathloss Threshold ATCB of the call ≤ AMR H-F Ho ATCB Threshold Uplink signal quality ≥ AMR H-F Ho Qual. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. thus improving the network QoS. the triggering conditions of AMR TCHF-TCHH handover are as follows: z z z z z z Speech Version used by the call is half-rate speech version 3. Downlink path loss of the call ≤ Non-AMR F-H Ho Pathloss Threshold + path loss handover margin ATCB of the call ≥ Non-AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold – ATCB handover margin Uplink signal quality of the call ≤ Non-AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold Downlink signal quality ≤ Non-AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold The preceding conditions are met for F-H Ho Last Time within F-H Ho Stat. SDCCH handover helps improve the access success rate of the MSs on the edge of the network.4.. Threshold Downlink signal quality of the call ≥ AMR H-F Ho Qual. 3-35 . Regarding procedure. 3. Threshold The AMR TCHH-TCHF handover is triggered if either of the preceding conditions is met for H-F Ho Last Time within H-F Ho Stat. Time and Speech Version is half-rate speech version 3. MR processing. Time. the triggering conditions of non-AMR TCHF-TCHH handover are as follows: z z z z z z Speech Version used by the call is half-rate speech version 1. Threshold The non-AMR TCHH-TCHF handover is triggered if either of the preceding conditions is met for H-F Ho Last Time within H-F Ho Stat. Downlink path loss of the call ≤ Non-AMR H-F Ho Pathloss Threshold ATCB of the call ≤ Non-AMR H-F Ho ATCB Threshold Uplink signal quality of the call ≥ Non-AMR H-F Ho Qual. the triggering conditions of non-AMR TCHF-TCHH handover are as follows: z z z z z z Speech Version used by the call is full-rate speech version 1 or full-rate speech version 2. Triggering Conditions of AMR TCHH-TCHF Handover If AMR F-H Ho Allowed is set to Yes or Allow AMR H-F Quality-based HO is set to Yes. handover decision. Triggering Conditions of Non-AMR TCHH-TCHF Handover If Non-AMR F-H Ho Allowed is set to Yes or Allow Non-AMR H-F Quality-based HO is set to Yes.12 SDCCH Handover SDCCH handover is a process in which the MS is handed over from an SDCCH to another SDCCH in an immediate assignment. Target Cell Selection Only the serving cell can be selected as the target cell of the TCHF-TCHH handover. The principle of SDCCH handover is the same as that of TCH handover. and handover execution.BSS Handover 3 Technical Description Triggering Conditions of Non-AMR TCHF-TCHH Handover If the Non-AMR F-H Ho Allowed is set to Yes. Ltd. Threshold Downlink signal quality of the call ≥ Non-AMR H-F Ho Qual. an SDCCH handover involves measurement and MR reporting.

handover between a full-rate TCH and a half-rate TCH.. TA handover. Better 3G Cell Handover See 2G/3G Interoperability Feature Parameter Description. handover due to no downlink measurement report. and tight BCCH handover 3. and fast-moving micro cell handover z The algorithms for the following handovers do not support SDCCH handover: enhanced dual-band network handover. If an inter-BSC SDCCH handover is required. Tight BCCH Handover See BCCH Dense Frequency Multiplexing Feature Parameter Description.13 Other Handovers Other handovers here refer to better 3G cell handover and tight BCCH handover. edge handover. concentric cell handover. 3-36 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. better 3G cell handover. both SDCCH HO Allowed and Inter-BSC SDCCH HO ALLowed should be set to YES(Yes). BQ handover.4.3 Technical Description BSS Handover Whether an SDCCH handover can be performed is controlled by the SDCCH HO Allowed parameter. The handover decision algorithm for SDCCH handover is different from that for TCH handover in the following ways: z The algorithms for the following handovers support SDCCH handover: quick handover. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . interference handover. Ltd. load handover. better cell handover.

Ltd. Current HO Control Algorithm MR. Whether the BTSs send the original measurement reports to the BSC after pre-processing them. the power is decreased by 2 dB. When this parameter is set to YES. or Pico layer other than the Umbrella layer. the BTSs sends the original and pre-processed measurement reports to the BSC.Preprocessing Transfer Original MR Transfer BTS/MS Power Class Sent Freq. linear interpolation is performed for the values in the lost measurement reports based on the values in the two measurement reports preceding and following the lost measurement reports. value ranges. and the value will be recalculated when new measurement reports arrive.of preprocessed MR Measurement Report Type Allowed MR Number Lost Power Level Penalty on Fast Moving HO Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Otherwise. For the default value. Whether to use handover algorithm generation 1 or 2 currently Whether to enable the BTS to preprocess measurement reports. the transmit power of the TRX is lower. the TRX transmits signals at the highest power. The neighboring cells must be located at the Macro. This parameter determines where to conduct power control. Transmit power level of the TRX. Whether to enable the BTS to transfer BTS/MS power class to the BSC Frequency at which the BTSs submit pre-processed measurement reports to the BSC Type of the measurement report (MR) reported by the MS If the number of measurement reports lost consecutively is no larger than this value. 4-1 .. If this parameter is set to 0. see Table 4-2. If this parameter is set greater. Micro.BSS Handover 4 Parameters 4 Parameters This chapter describes the parameters related to handover. Level value of the penalty that is performed on the neighboring cells of the cell where a fast-moving MS is located. see Table 4-1. and MML commands of each parameter. the lost measurement reports will be discarded. At each level. Table 4-1 Parameter description (1) Parameter Inter-cell HO Hysteresis Description Reduces ping-pong handovers between cells on a same layer. For the meaning of each parameter. This parameter is invalid when cells are on different layers.

An MS cannot be handed over from the underlaid subcell to the overlaid subcell in this duration after the MS is handed over from the overlaid subcell to the underlaid subcell successfully. Penalty on MS Fast Moving HO Penalty Time on Tast Moving HO Penalty Time on Fast Moving HO Penalty Time after AMR TCHF-H HO Fail Penalty Time on Interfere HO Penalty Time of UtoO HO Inter UL/OL Subcells HO Penalty Time Penalty Level after HO Fail UmPenaltyTimer RscPenaltyTimer CfgPenaltyTimer Penalty Time after OtoU HO Fail 4-2 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Micro. Penalty signal level imposed on a target cell to which the handover fails due to congestion or poor radio quality. This penalty helps to prevent the MS from making a second handover attempt to the target cell. such as resources being insufficient Timer of penalty on a neighboring cell when a handover fails due to faults of data configuration. or Pico layer other than the Umbrella layer. or Pico layer but not the Umbrella layer. or Pico layer other than the Umbrella layer. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Specifies an interval between two consecutive interference handovers After an MS performs a OL subcell to UL subcell handover successfully. Micro. After an OL subcell to UL subcell handover of an MS fails. the MS does not perform OL subell-UL subcell handovers within the value of the parameter. Within the preset time. Timer for punishing the neighboring cells when handover failures occur due to resource-related causes. The neighboring cells must be located at the Macro. Micro.. Ltd. The neighboring cells must be located at the Macro. Period in which level penalty is performed on the neighboring cells of the cell where a fast-moving MS is located. Period in which penalty is performed on the neighboring cells of the cell where a fast-moving MS is located. no AMR FR-to-HR handover is allowed if the previous FR-to-HR handover fails due to channel unavailability or channel mismatch. the MS cannot be handed over to the OL subcell again within the value of the parameter. Timer of penalty on a neighboring cell when a handover fails due to faults of air interface connection. The neighboring cells must be located at the Macro.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description Level value of the penalty that is performed on the neighboring cells of the cell where a fast-moving MS is located.

Selects 3G candidate cells. After a load handover succeeds. Whether to enable a directed retry. the 3G neighboring cell will be removed from among the 3G candidate cells. You should not use the directed retry as a major means of solving traffic congestion. If the measured value of a 3G neighboring cell is lower than this threshold. Whether to allow inter-BSC SDCCH handovers If the downlink received signal level of a neighbor cell is greater than "Min DL Level on Candidate Cell" plus "Min Access Level Offset". the BSC punishes the former serving cell during "Penalty Time on Load HO" by subtracting "Penalty Value on Load HO" from the receive level of the former serving cell. Selects 3G candidate cells. the neighbor cell can be listed in the candidate cell queue for handover. the 3G neighboring cell will be removed from among the 3G candidate cells. The directed retry is an emergency measure applicable to abnormal traffic peaks in some areas of a radio network. Min DL Level on Candidate Cell Min Access Level Offset Min UL Level on Candidate Cell FDD REP QUANT Min Ec/No threshold Min RSCP threshold Penalty Value on Load HO Penalty Time on Load HO Directed Retry Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Penalty Time after UtoO HO Fail Inter-BSC SDCCH HO ALLowed Description After an UL subcell to OL subcell handover of an MS fails. If the measured value of a 3G neighboring cell is lower than this threshold. the neighbor cell can be listed in the candidate cell queue for handover. Ec/No stands for the signal-to-noise ratio. Minimum receive level offset If the uplink received signal level of a neighbor cell is greater than "Min UL Level on Candidate Cell" plus "Min Access Level Offset". The directed retry is to hand over an MS to a neighboring cell in the same procedure as the handover. thus avoiding ping-pong handovers. the BSC punishes the former serving cell during "Penalty Time on Load HO" by subtracting "Penalty Value on Load HO" from the receive level of the former serving cell. consider adjusting the sector and TRX configuration and the network layout. If the directed retry always occurs in some areas of a network. RSCP stands for the received signal code power. Ltd. thus avoiding ping-pong handovers. This parameter specifies whether Ec/No or RSCP is used for the measurement report on a FDD cell. the MS does not perform UL subcell to OL subcell handovers within the value of the parameter. After a load handover succeeds.. 4-3 .

Inter-rat HO Preference HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell Min Interval for Emerg. the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 3G cell as the handover target cell if the receive level of the neighboring 2G cell that ranks the first in the candidate cell list is equal to or smaller than "HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell". Whether to allow the fast handover algorithm A quick handover can be initiated only if the rate of an MS is higher than this parameter during a certain period of time. Fast handover can be triggered only when the downlink level of the serving cell is less than this parameter. When this parameter is set to Pre_2G_CellThres. if direction A is selected.. When this parameter is set to YES.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description This parameter specifies whether a 2G cell or to a 3G cell is preferentially selected as the target cell for handover. Whether the cell is a chain neighboring cell Handover direction forcast switch. When this parameter is set to Pre_2G_Cell. If the receive level of the neighboring 2G cell that ranks the first in the candidate cell list is equal to or smaller than this threshold. This parameter indicates the geographical relationship between the neighboring cell and the serving cell. the BSC preferentially selects a 2G candidate cell as the target cell for handover. When this parameter is set to Pre_3G_Cell. Otherwise. no emergency handover is allowed. During this interval. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 2G cell as the handover target cell. the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 2G cell as the handover target cell. Fast handover can be triggered only when the uplink signal level of the serving cell is less than this parameter. In the BSC6900. Otherwise. HO Quick Handover Enable Quick Move Speed Threshold Quick Handover Up Trigger Level Quick Handover Down Trigger Level Chain Neighbor Cell Handover Direction Forecast Enable Chain Neighbour Cell Type 4-4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. then the reverse direction is B. Ltd. the BSC preferentially selects a 3G candidate cell as the target cell for handover. the BSC6900 can forecast the handover direction of the call in fast handover so that the best target cell can be selected for handover. the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 3G cell as the handover target cell. Minimum interval between two consecutive emergency handovers performed by an MS.

Ltd. After the time advancing handover is successful. a TA handover is triggered. This parameter specifies whether the handover from 2G cells to 3G cells is allowed. After the time advancing handover is successful. Whether to enable the time advance (TA) handover. When the TA is higher than the predefined TA threshold. The TA is calculated based on the distance between the MS and the BTS. Handover Direction Forecast Last Times Handover Direction Forecast Statistic Times Quick Handover Punish Time Quick Handover Punish Value TA HO Allowed TA Threshold Inter-RAT Out BSC Handover Enable Penalty Time after TA HO Penalty Level after TA HO Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. then the BSC6900 determines that the MS is moving to the Class B chain neighboring cell. To avoid ping-pong handover. The longer the distance is. the MS is handed over to Class B chain neighboring cell for successively P times.. the penalty on the original serving cell is performed within the "Penalty Time after TA HO": the receive level of the original serving cell is decreased by "Penalty Level after TA HO". P/N rule: Among N handovers. to prevent ping-pong handovers. the penalty on the original serving cell is performed within the "Penalty Time after TA HO": the receive level of the original serving cell is decreased by "Penalty Level after TA HO". 4-5 . to prevent ping-pong handovers. the penalty on the original serving cell is performed within the "Quick handover punish time": the receive level of the original serving cell is decreased by "Quick handover punish value". the MS is handed over to Class B chain neighboring cell for successively P times. to prevent ping-pong handovers. An emergency handover is triggered when TA is greater than or equal to the value of this parameter. This parameter indicates N in the P/N rule for MS handover direction forcast. the received signal of the original serving cell is decreased by "Quick handover punish value" in "Quick handover punish time" after fast handover succeeds. P/N rule: Among N handovers. then the BSC6900 determines that the MS is moving to the Class B chain neighboring cell.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description This parameter indicates P in the P/N rule for MS handover direction forcast. After the fast handover is successful. the greater the TA value is. The TA handover determines whether the timing advance (TA) is higher than the predefined TA threshold.

the BQ handover to the neighbor cell is triggered. Limit for AMR HR DL Qual. The emergency handover can be triggered only when the downlink receive quality of an MS is greater(indicate bad quality) than this threshold. The value of this parameter corresponds to the quality levels (0 to 7) multiplied by 10. An emergency handover can be triggered only when the downlink reception quality of an MS is higher than the value of this parameter. An emergency handover can be triggered only when the uplink receive quality of the MS is greater than the value of this parameter. The value of this parameter corresponds to multiplying quality level 0 to 7 by 10."BQ HO Margin" + 64). Whether to allow intra-cell handovers BQ HO Allowed UL Qual. If the uplink or downlink BQ exceeds the BQ handover threshold. If ("downlink level of the neighbor cell after filtering" "downlink level of the serving cell (after power control compensation)") > ("Inter-cell HO Hysteresis" . which indicates a poor quality. The value of this parameter corresponds to multiplying quality level 0 to 7 by 10. An emergency handover due to bad quality is triggered when the uplink receive quality is not smaller than "UL Qual. Whether to trigger BQ handover depends on the uplink and downlink transmit quality (measured by using BER). This parameter is represented as the product of 10 and a quality level that ranges from 0 to 7. Ltd. The value of this parameter corresponds to the quality levels (0 to 7) multiplied by 10. emergency BQ handover is triggered. Limit for AMR FR DL Qual. Limit for AMR FR UL Qual. The possible causes of BER increase (or quality degradation) include too low signal power and channel interference. Threshold UL Qual.. which indicates a poor quality. An emergency handover can be triggered only when the uplink receive quality of the MS is greater than the value of this parameter. Downlink quality limit for emergency handover in an AMR half rate call. Downlink quality limit for emergency handover in an AMR full rate call. Threshold DL Qual. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description Whether to enable the bad quality (BQ) handover algorithm. An emergency handover can be triggered only when the downlink reception quality of an MS is higher than the value of this parameter. Threshold". Limit for AMR HR BQ HO Margin Intracell HO Allowed 4-6 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Downlink quality threshold for emergency handover.

the edge handover is triggered. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt.. Whether to use the emergency handover algorithm in case the receive level of the MSs drops rapidly. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . In the formula. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. Ltd. thus preventing call drops.. the penalty on the original serving cell is performed within the "Penalty Time after BQ HO": the receive level of the original serving cell is decreased by "Penalty Level after BQ HO". A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. After a handovr due to bad quality is successful. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. 4-7 . to prevent ping-pong handovers. In the formula. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description After a handovr due to bad quality is successful. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . If the UL receive level remains lower than the "Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold" for a period. to prevent ping-pong handovers. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree... A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. Penalty Time after BQ HO Penalty Level after BQ HO Rx_Level_Drop HO Allowed Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold Filter Parameter A1 Filter Parameter A2 Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. the penalty on the original serving cell is performed within the "Penalty Time after BQ HO": the receive level of the original serving cell is decreased by "Penalty Level after BQ HO".

. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. In the formula.. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly.. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly.. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. Filter Parameter A3 Filter Parameter A4 Filter Parameter A5 4-8 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. In the formula.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly... In the formula. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree.. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. Ltd.

. In the formula. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. 4-9 . Filter Parameter A6 Filter Parameter A7 Filter Parameter A8 Filter Parameter B Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly.. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree. In the formula.. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B. In the formula. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . One of the nine parameters (filter parameters A1 to A8 and filter parameter B) used to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly.. This parameter helps to configure the filter for determining whether the received signal level drops rapidly. Trend of the received signal level of the cell during a period. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . Ltd. If this parameter is higher.. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B.. Setting the filter helps to configure the maximum allowed signal level drop degree. C(nt) indicates the received signal level in the uplink measurement report of the serving cell received at time nt. a more rapid signal level drop is required to trigger the handover due to rapid signal level drop. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. the signal level is considered dropping rapidly. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. + A8 x C(nt-7t) If C1(nt) is less than B and C(nt) is less than the threshold for edge handover. The computation formula is as follows: C1(nt) = A1 x C(nt) + A2 x C(nt-t) + A3 x C(nt-2t) + . A1 to A8 are filter parameters A1 to A8 minus 10 and B is the negative of filter parameter B.

No-downlink measurement report emergency handovers choose the inter-cell handover mode preferentially. however. This value is used to suppress inter-layer ping-pong handovers. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate.HO Allowed No Dl Mr. Ltd. no-downlink measurement report emergency handovers are triggered. Thresh 1 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual.No Dl Mr.. Handover threshold during the handovers between cells on different layers or of different priorities.HO Allowed Limit 4-10 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Hysteresis value during the handovers between cells on different layers or of different priorities. For AMR FR voice services."Inter-layer HO Hysteresis". Whether to enable the no-downlink measurement report handover algorithm. a fixed amount of offset is added to the corresponding grade of the received signal quality for the interference handover of non-AMR FR voice services. This value is used to suppress inter-layer ping-pong handovers. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description Whether to allow the interference handover algorithm.Ul Qual HO Limit Cons. Thresh Offset for AMR FR Forbidden time after MAX Times Inter-layer HO Threshold Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis No Dl Mr. Decisions of no-downlink measurement report handovers can be made only when the number of consecutive no-downlink measurement reports in the current call is no larger than this parameter. Intra-cell handover can be conducted again only after this duration. Inter-layer handover threshold of a neighboring cell = "Inter-layer HO Threshold" + "Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis" . when the MSs are subject to all kinds of radio interferences. if no candidate cells are available and intra-cell handover is enabled in the current cell. Interference handovers are triggered when the receive level is higher than the receive threshold while the transmit quality is lower than the interference handover quality threshold. Duration in which intra-cell handover is forbidden after the number of consecutive intra-cell handovers reaches the maximum.64. Interference HO Allowed Interfere HO Qual. intra-cell handovers are triggered. When a certain number of no-downlink measurement reports are received consecutively and the uplink receive quality is no smaller than this parameter. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Inter-layer handover threshold of the serving cell = "Inter-layer HO threshold" . that is.

For the purpose of accurately reflecting the radio environment of a network.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description Number of measurement reports sampled for averaging the signal quality on a speech/data channel. This parameter is used to determine whether interferences exist on channels. If the current system flow control level is greater than this parameter. Filter Length for TCH Qual Filter Length for SDCCH Qual. Averaging the signal quality in multiple measurement reports helps to avoid a sharp signal quality drop due to Rayleigh fading and to ensure the comprehensiveness of a handover decision. 4-11 . Ltd. the MS can be switched to the overlay subcell. thus increasing the load handover speed. Lower threshold of the overlay level during underlay-to-overlay handovers. and channels in the overlay subcell will be preferentially assigned to calls initiated in the underlay subcell as well. the system cannot initiate an underlay-to-overlay handover. Load HO Allowed UL Subcell General Overload Threshold Inner Cell Serious OverLoad Thred Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH UL Subcell Serious Overload Threshold Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. In an enhanced dual-band network. the underlay-to-overlay load handover period subtracts a period that equals "Step Length of UL Subcell Load HO" from "UL Subcell Load Hierarchical HO Periods" every second. filtering is performed on the measured values in several consecutive measurement reports. This parameter indicates the number of measurement reports used for the filtering of the signal quality on signaling channels. some of the calls in the underlay subcell will be switched to the overlay subcell. Whether to switch some of the calls in the underlay subcell to the overlay when the load of the underlay is higher than this parameter When the load of the underlay subcell is higher than this parameter.. When the receive level of an MS is higher than this threshold. if the load of the overlay subcell is higher than this parameter. the handover between the underlaid and overlaid subcells due to low or high load in the underlaid subcell is not allowed. When the load of the underlay subcell is higher than this parameter.

Overlay-to-underlay load handovers are performed by levels.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description When the load of the underlay subcell exceeds "UL Subcell General Overload Threshold". all the calls that are using this cell as the serving cell generate handover requests at the same time. Lower threshold of the overlay level during overlay-to-underlay handovers. the underlay-to-overlay handover period subtracts a value that equals this threshold from "UL Subcell Load Hierarchical HO Periods" every second. some of the calls in the overlay subcell will be switched to the underlay subcell. and channels in the underlay subcell will be preferentially assigned to channel requests initiated in the overlay subcell as well. This parameter indicates the duration of each level. Level step during underlay-to-overlay hierarchical load handovers When the load of the underlay subcell is lower than this parameter. the BSC uses the hierarchical load handover algorithm to gradually switch some of the calls in the underlay subcell to the overlay subcell. When the receive level of an MS is higher than this threshold. If the underlay load is higher than "UL Subcell Serious Overload Threshold". Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . This parameter indicates the duration of each handover level. which will suddenly increase the load of the BSC and possibly cause congestion in the overlay subcell. To solve this problem. thus causing the handovers to fail.. Level step during overlay-to-underlay hierarchical load handovers UL Subcell Load Hierarchical HO Periods MOD Step LEN of UL Load HO Period Step Length of UL Subcell Load HO UL Subcell Lower Load Threshold Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH OL Subcell Load Diversity HO Period Step Length of OL Subcell Load HO 4-12 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the MS can be switched to the underlay subcell. Ltd.

this threshold needs to be adjusted according to the handover performance statistics and actual network performance. Hysteresis in the distance between the boundary of the overlaid subcell and the boundary of the underlaid subcell. and adjacent channel interference may occur when this threshold is set improperly. If the PBGT handover algorithm is disabled. the MS is handed over from the overlaid subcell to the underlaid subcell. In the tight BCCH handover algorithm. over-coverage. This parameter specifies the difference between the coverage of the overlaid subcell and the coverage of the underlaid subcell in the concentric cell or dual-frequency network scenario."Distance Hysteresis Between Boudaries". this threshold can be decreased accordingly. If the downlink receive level remains less than this threshold for a period of time. Whether a cell is an inner or extra cell in an enhanced dual band network. this parameter specifies the difference between the coverage of the TRX that carries the BCCH and the coverage of the TRX that does not carry the BCCH. to ensure uplink-downlink balance. If the PBGT handover algorithm is enabled. co-channel interference. The boundaries of the overlaid and underlaid subcells are determined according to the relative value between the signal strength of the serving cell and the signal strength of the neighbor cell. Ltd. the MS is in the coverage of the overlaid subcell. Distance Between Boundaries of Subcells Distance Hysteresis Between Boundaries Cell Inner/Extra Property Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the edge handover is triggered. Whether to allow underlay-to-overlay load handovers. The relevant computation is the same as the preceding computation. If SS(s) = SS(n). In addition..BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description Distance between the boundary of the overlaid subcell and the boundary of the underlaid subcell. 4-13 . Assume that the signal strength of the serving cell is SS(s) and that the signal strength of the neighbor cell is SS(n). This parameter helps to adjust "Distance Between Boudaries of Subcells" and thus to prevent ping-pong handover between the overlaid and underlaid subcells. If SS(s) SS(n) > "Distance Between Boudaries of Subcells". Threshold for downlink edge handover. Assume that the signal strength of the serving cell is SS(s) and that the signal strength of the neighbor cell is SS(n). the MS is on the boundary of the underlaid subcell. If SS(s) .SS(n) < "Distance Between Boudaries of Subcells" .

load handovers can be performed only when the level difference between the neighboring cell and the serving cell is between ("Inter-cell HO Hysteresis" 64) . The load handover is used as an emergency measure instead of a primary measure to adjust abnormal traffic burst in partial areas. the cell rejects such users. If the load of a cell is lower than the value of this parameter. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . a "Load HO Step Level" is added to the upper handover threshold after every "Load HO Step Period". and balance the traffic load among cells. thus improving the network performance. all the calls in the current serving cell whose receive level is in the range "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold" to "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold" + "Load HO Bandwidth" are switched to other cells. The load handover helps to reduce cell congestion. In this way. which will suddenly increase the load of the processor. Otherwise. starting from "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold". the cell and TRX configuration of BTSs and the network layout should be adjusted. the cell can admit the users handed over from other cells with higher load. To solve this problem. congestion occurs in the cell. When the load of a cell reaches or exceeds "Load HO Threshold". Under some circumstances. load handovers can be performed only when the receive level of the current serving cell is in the range "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold" to "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold" + "Load HO Bandwidth".4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Load HO Threshold Description The load handover is triggered when the traffic load in a cell is greater than the value of this parameter. improve success rate of channel assignment. This parameter indicates the duration of each handover level. In the handover algorithm of the first generation. In the handover algorithm of the second generation. This parameter specifies whether a traffic load-sharing handover is enabled. Load handover Load Accept Threshold Load HO Step Level Load HO Step Period Load HO Bandwidth Load Handover Support 4-14 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. which will result in call drop. all the calls that are using this cell as the serving cell generate handover requests at the same time.."Load HO Bandwidth" and ("Inter-cell HO Hysteresis" . In hierarchical load handovers. If load handovers occur frequently in a partial area.64). the BSC uses the hierarchical load handover algorithm to control the number of users included in each level of handovers.

thus reducing the handover times. Whether to use external 2G neighboring cells as the target cells of load handovers Whether to enable the edge handover algorithm. This parameter specifies the number P. Whether to enable the fast moving micro-cell handover algorithm. it concludes that the MS slowly passes the cell. According to the P/N rule.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description The system flux level is the current flux control level of the system. To avoid such a call drop. This parameter specifies the number N. According to the P/N rule. This parameter specifies the number P. if a neighbor cell meets the conditions for selecting the neighbor cell for edge handover in P of N measurement reports. According to the P/N rule. the call may drop if the received signal level is too low. if the conditions for edge handover are met for P seconds within N seconds. the handover is triggered. According to the P/N rule. if the conditions for edge handover are met for P seconds within N seconds. Otherwise. the edge handover to the neighbor cell is triggered. If the MS crosses the cell in a time period shorter than this threshold. Ltd. the handover is triggered. the edge handover algorithm is involved. the BSC concludes that the MS quickly passes through the cell. When the uplink signal level of the serving cell is less than "Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshold" or the downlink signal level of the serving cell is less than "Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshold".. the edge handover to the neighbor cell is triggered. if a neighbor cell meets the conditions for selecting the neighbor cell for edge handover in P of N measurement reports. When an MS makes a call at the edge of a cell. 4-15 . The fast moving micro-cell handover algorithm enables fast moving MSs to switch over to macro-cells. This parameter specifies the number N. System Flux Threshold for Load HO Inter BSC Load Information Allowed Edge HO Allowed Handover Algorithm I Edge HO Valid Time Handover Algorithm I Edge HO Watch Time Edge HO AdjCell Valid Time Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time MS Fast Moving HO Allowed MS Fast-moving Time Threshold Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the edge handover is triggered. A load handover is allowed only when the system flux is lower than the value of this parameter. A time threshold determined based on the radius of a cell and the moving speed of an MS.

This parameter corresponds to the P in the P/N criteria. that is. the BSC enables the fast moving micro-cell handover algorithm. Ltd. and decides whether to perform the handovers. The PBGT handover algorithm searches in real time for cells that have lower path loss and meet certain system requirements. This parameter is used in the P/N criteria decision: If an MS quickly passes through N out of P micro-cells lately. and Pico. a PBGT handover is triggered. This parameter corresponds to the P in the P/N criteria. when the condition for PBGT handovers is met for a consecutive P seconds during N seconds. The inter-layer and inter-level handover algorithm is achieved through the setting of different layers and priorities for cells. Whether to allow inter-layer and inter-level handovers. a PBGT handover is triggered. This parameter corresponds to the P in the P/N criteria. that is. Whether to use the PBGT handover algorithm. The triggering of PBGT handovers must meet the P/N criteria. that is.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description This parameter is used in the P/N criteria decision: If an MS quickly passes through N out of P micro-cells lately. MS Fast-moving Watch Cells MS Fast-moving Valid Cells Layer of the cell Level HO Allowed Layer HO Valid Time Layer HO Watch Time PBGT HO Allowed PBGT Valid Time PBGT Watch Time 4-16 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The triggering of inter-layer handovers must meet the P/N criteria. when the condition for PBGT handovers is met for a consecutive P seconds during N seconds. A network basically consists of four layers. This parameter corresponds to the N in the P/N criteria. This parameter corresponds to the N in the P/N criteria. PBGT handovers can occur only on TCHs and among cells on a same layer and a same priority level. To avoid ping-pong handovers. an inter-layer handover is triggered. Micro. which switches traffic to cells of a higher precedence (decided by "Layer of the cell" and "Cell priority" together). This parameter corresponds to the N in the P/N criteria. that is. The triggering of inter-layer handovers must meet the P/N criteria. Macro. when the condition for inter-layer handovers is met for a consecutive P seconds during N seconds. the BSC enables the fast moving micro-cell handover algorithm. PBGT handovers are based on path loss. Umbrella. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .. The triggering of PBGT handovers must meet the P/N criteria. when the condition for inter-layer handovers is met for a consecutive P seconds during N seconds. an inter-layer handover is triggered. namely.

The triggering of intra-cell F-H handovers must meet the P/N criteria. The P/N criterion must be met for triggering a TA handover. that is. This parameter corresponds to the P in the P/N criteria. amr half rate channels are assigned preferentially. That is. This parameter corresponds to the N in the P/N criteria. Whether to allow AMR handovers. the TA handover can be triggered only if P measurement reports among N measurement reports meet the triggering conditions. For an AMR call. Whether to enable the BSC to assign AMR half rate channels preferentially according to the channel types allowed by the MSC and the current TCH seizure ratio of the cell Load threshold for assigning half rate channels preferentially. That is. handovers to a neighboring cell with a lower level than the current serving cell are allowed. Ltd. This parameter corresponds to P in the P/N criterion. PBGT HO Threshold Intracell F-H HO Allowed AMR TCH/H Prior Allowed AMR TCH/H Prior Cell Load Threshold F2H HO Threshold Intracell F-H HO Last Time Intracell F-H HO Stat Time H2F HO Threshold TA HO Valid Time TA HO Watch Time Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. if the currently occupied channel is a half rate channel and the Radio Quality Indication (RQI) is always lower than the threshold set by this parameter. This parameter corresponds to N in the P/N criterion.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description PBGT handovers to a neighboring cell are allowed only when the downlink level difference between the neighboring cell and the serving cell is larger than this parameter. The P/N criterion must be met for triggering a TA handover. The triggering of intra-cell F-H handovers must meet the P/N criteria. an intra-cell F-H handover is triggered. that is.. if the currently occupied channel is a full rate channel and the Radio Quality Indication (RQI) is always higher than the threshold set by this parameter. an intra-cell H-F handover is triggered. an intra-cell F-H handover is triggered. When the value of this parameter is smaller than 64. when the condition for intra-cell F-H handovers is met for P seconds during N seconds. If the current TCH seizure ratio of the cell is greater than this threshold. For an AMR call. an intra-cell F-H handover is triggered. This parameter has no impact on dynamic non-AMR F-H handovers. 4-17 . when the condition for intra-cell F-H handovers is met for P seconds during N seconds. the TA handover can be triggered only if P measurement reports among N measurement reports meet the triggering conditions.

if the conditions for emergency BQ handover are met in P of N measurement reports. a concentric circle handover is triggered. This parameter corresponds to P in the P/N criterion. the handover is triggered. That is. a concentric circle handover is triggered. According to the P/N rule. that is. This parameter specifies the number N."Inter-layer HO Hysteresis".. when P out of N measurement reports meet the condition for interference handovers. the UL BQ handover can be triggered only if P measurement reports among N measurement reports meet the triggering conditions. This parameter specifies the number P. if the conditions for emergency BQ handover are met in P of N measurement reports. the handover is triggered.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Description Hysteresis value during the handovers between cells on different layers or of different priorities. This parameter specifies the number N. According to the P/N rule. Inter-layer handover threshold of the serving cell = "Inter-layer HO threshold" . This parameter corresponds to the P in the P/N criteria. This parameter specifies the number P. Inter-layer handover threshold of a neighboring cell = "Inter-layer HO threshold" + "Adjacent Cell Inter-layer HO Hysteresis" . the handover is triggered. that is. This value is used to suppress inter-layer ping-pong handovers. According to the P/N rule. Inter-layer HO Hysteresis BQ HO Valid Time BQ HO Watch Time Interfere HO Valid Time Interfere HO Static Time UL BQ HO Last Time UL BQ HO Static Time Handover Algorithm II Edge HO Valid Time Handover Algorithm II Edge HO Watch Time 4-18 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. This parameter corresponds to the N in the P/N criteria. the UL BQ handover can be triggered only if P measurement reports among N measurement reports meet the triggering conditions. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Ltd. if the conditions for edge handover are met in P of N measurement reports. The triggering of interference handovers must meet the P/N criteria. According to the P/N rule.64. if the conditions for edge handover are met in P of N measurement reports. when P out of N measurement reports meet the condition for interference handovers. The triggering of interference handovers must meet the P/N criteria. The P/N criterion must be met for triggering a UL BQ handover. the handover is triggered. The P/N criterion must be met for triggering a UL BQ handover. That is. This parameter corresponds to N in the P/N criterion.

According to the P/N rule. Time Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Threshold F-H Ho Last Time F-H Ho Stat. If the path loss of an AMR full rate call is equal to or less than this threshold. According to the P/N rule. According to the P/N rule. the handover is triggered. According to the P/N rule. the handover is triggered. Whether to enable the algorithm for the handover to a better cell Whether to perform path loss-based sorting in a better cell handover algorithm According to the P/N rule. This parameter specifies the number N. the handover is triggered. This parameter specifies the number N. Enable Better Cell HO Valid Time Better Cell HO Watch Time AMR F-H Ho Allowed AMR F-H Ho Pathloss Threshold AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold AMR F-H Ho Qual. the AMR call is handed over from full rate to half rate. if the conditions for the handover from full rate to half rate are met for P seconds within N seconds. This parameter specifies the number P. This parameter specifies the number N. Whether to enable the algorithm for the load-based AMR handover between full rate and half rate Path loss threshold for the AMR handover from full rate to half rate. the AMR call is handed over from full rate to half rate. the handover is triggered. Quality threshold for the AMR handover from full rate to half rate. if the conditions for the handover to a different micro cell due to fast movement are met in P of N measurement reports. the handover is triggered. ATCB threshold for the AMR handover from full rate to half rate. 4-19 . If the uplink and downlink receive quality levels of an AMR full rate call are equal to or less than this threshold. This parameter specifies the number P. if the conditions for the handover to a better cell due to interference are met for P seconds within N seconds. the handover is triggered. if the conditions for the handover to a better cell due to interference are met for P seconds within N seconds. If the ATCB of an AMR full rate call is equal to or greater than this threshold.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Description According to the P/N rule. HCS HO Valid Time HCS HO Watch Time Better Cell Handover Enable Pathloss Ho. if the conditions for the handover to a different micro cell due to fast movement are met in P of N measurement reports. if the conditions for the handover from full rate to half rate are met for P seconds within N seconds. the AMR call is handed over from full rate to half rate.. Ltd. This parameter specifies the number P.

Whether to trigger non-AMR H-F handovers according to the uplink and downlink receive quality When the path loss value of non-AMR half rate voice is no smaller than this threshold.4 Parameters BSS Handover Parameter Non-AMR F-H Ho Allowed Non-AMR F-H Ho Pathloss Threshold Description Whether to allow non-AMR voice F-H handover When the path loss value of non-AMR full rate voice is no larger than this parameter.. ATCB threshold for the AMR handover from half rate to full rate. When the ATCB value of non-AMR full rate voice is no smaller than this parameter. If the receive quality level of an AMR half rate call is greater than this threshold. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . This parameter specifies the number N. Time Allow Non-AMR H-F Quality-based HO Non-AMR H-F Ho Pathloss Threshold Non-AMR H-F Ho ATCB Threshold Non-AMR H-F Ho Qual. According to the P/N rule. the condition for non-AMR F-H handovers is met. This parameter specifies the number P. According to the P/N rule. Threshold 4-20 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the user meets the condition for H-F handovers. When the ATCB value of non-AMR half rate voice is no larger than this threshold. the handover is triggered. the AMR call is handed over from half rate to full rate. the condition for non-AMR H-F handovers is met. Quality threshold for non-AMR H-F handovers. the AMR call is handed over from half rate to full rate. the condition for non-AMR F-H handovers is met. If the path loss of an AMR half rate call is greater than this threshold. Whether to enable the algorithm for the uplink and downlink receive quality based AMR handover from half rate to full rate Path loss threshold for the AMR handover from half rate to full rate. if the conditions for the handover from half rate to full rate are met for P seconds within N seconds. if the conditions for the handover from half rate to full rate are met for P seconds within N seconds. Quality threshold for the AMR handover from half rate to full rate. the handover is triggered. If the ATCB of an AMR half rate call is less than this threshold. Non-AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshold Allow AMR H-F Quality-based HO AMR H-F Ho Pathloss Threshold AMR H-F Ho ATCB Threshold AMR H-F Ho Qual. When the receive quality of a user is no smaller than this parameter. Threshold H-F Ho Last Time H-F Ho Stat. Ltd. the AMR call is handed over from half rate to full rate. the condition for non-AMR H-F handovers is met.

Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Thresh 4 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Interfere HO Qual. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Thresh 11 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 9 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 5 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Thresh 2 for Non-AMR FR Description Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Parameter Interfere HO Qual.. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Thresh 3 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Thresh 10 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 8 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 6 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. 4-21 . Threshold for the interference handover of Non-AMR FR voice services. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Ltd. Thresh 7 for Non-AMR FR Interfere HO Qual. AMRFR refers to Adaptive Multi-Rate Full Rate. Thresh 12 for Non-AMR FR Table 4-2 Parameter description (2) Paramet er Inter-cell HO Hysteres is Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) MOD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Impact 68 0~127 0~127 dB Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

BTS_Preprocessin g None SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) Cell Transfer Original MR Transfer BTS/MS Power Class NO NO. YES(Yes) Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact MR. Once_ps. ComMeasR eport(Comm on Measureme nt Report) NO. Ltd. ComMeasReport None SET GCELLCCUTRANS YS(Optional) Cell Allowed MR Number Lost 4 0~31 0~31 None SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) Cell 4-22 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Once_4s None SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) Cell Measure ment Report Type ComMea sReport EnhMeasReport. Once_4s(O nce every four second) EnhMeasRe port(Enhanc ed Measureme nt Report).. BTS_Prepro cessing(BT S preprocessi ng) NO(No). Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . YES None SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) Cell YES NO(No). Twice_ps(T wice every second). YES None Cell Sent Freq.of preproce ssed MR Once_ps NOreport. Once_2s(O nce every two second).4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Default Value GUI Value Range BSC_Prepro cessing(BS C preprocessi ng). Once_ps(O nce every second).Prep rocessin g BTS_Pre processin g BSC_Preprocessin g. Once_2s. YES(Yes) NOreport(D o not report). Twice_ps.

BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Power Level Penalty on Fast Moving HO Penalty on MS Fast Moving HO Penalty Time on Tast Moving HO Penalty Time on Fast Moving HO Penalty Time after AMR TCHF-H HO Fail Penalty Time on Interfere HO Penalty Time of UtoO HO Inter UL/OL Subcells HO Penalty Time Penalty Level after HO Fail Default Value 0 GUI Value Range 0~13 Actual Value Range 0~13 Unit None MML Command SET GTRXDEV(Optional) ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) Impact TRX 30 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 30 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 40 0~255 0~255 s ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 40 0~255 0~255 s Cell 10 0~255 0~255 s SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) Cell 15 0~255 0~255 s SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOIUO(Optio nal) Cell 10 0~255 0~255 s Cell 5 0~255 0~255 s SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 30 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.. 4-23 .

EcN0(Ec/N0 ) RSCP. YES None SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) Cell 10 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLCCUTRANS YS(Optional) Cell 0 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 0 0~63 0~63 dB Cell RSCP RSCP(RSC P). Ltd. EcN0 None Cell 4-24 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er UmPena ltyTimer RscPena ltyTimer CfgPena ltyTimer Penalty Time after OtoU HO Fail Penalty Time after UtoO HO Fail Inter-BS C SDCCH HO ALLowe d Min DL Level on Candidat e Cell Min Access Level Offset Min UL Level on Candidat e Cell FDD REP QUANT Default Value 10 GUI Value Range 0~255 Actual Value Range 0~255 Unit MML Command SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOIUO(Optio nal) Impact s Cell 5 0~255 0~255 s Cell 255 0~255 0~255 s Cell 10 0~255 0~255 s Cell 40 10~255 10~255 s SET GCELLHOIUO(Optio nal) Cell NO NO(No).. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . YES(Yes) NO.

Ltd. Pre_2G_CellThres None SET GCELLHOUTRANF DD(Optional) SET GCELLHOUTRANT DD(Optional) Cell HO Preferen ce Threshol d for 2G Cell Min Interval for Emerg. Pre_3G_Cell. HO Quick Handove r Enable 25 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOUTRANF DD(Optional) SET GCELLHOUTRANT DD(Optional) SET GCELLHOCTRL(Opt ional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 0~60 0~60 s Cell NO NO(No). YES(Yes) Pre_2G_Cel l(Preference for 2G cell). Pre_2G_Cel lThres(Prefe rence 2G cell by thresh) NO. YES(Yes) NO. YES None Cell Inter-rat HO Preferen ce Pre_2G_ CellThres Pre_2G_Cell. Pre_3G_Cel l(Preference for 3G cell).. 4-25 . YES None Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Min Ec/No threshol d Min RSCP threshol d Penalty Value on Load HO Penalty Time on Load HO Directed Retry Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command ADD GEXT3GCELL(Optio nal) ADD GEXT3GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLBASICPARA( Optional) Impact 10 0~49 0~49 dB Cell 10 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 63 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 10 0~255 0~255 s Cell YES NO(No).

4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Quick Move Speed Threshol d Quick Handove r Up Trigger Level Quick Handove r Down Trigger Level Chain Neighbor Cell Handove r Direction Forecast Enable Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 35 0~600 0~600 m/s SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) Cell 50 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) Cell 50 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) Cell NO NO(No). Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . QUICK_HO _NCELL_TY PE_B(QUIC K_HO_NCE LL_TYPE_B ) QUICK_HO_NCEL L_TYPE_A. YES None Cell Chain Neighbo ur Cell Type QUICK_H O_NCEL L_TYPE_ A QUICK_HO _NCELL_TY PE_A(QUIC K_HO_NCE LL_TYPE_A ).. YES None Cell NO NO(No). YES(Yes) NO. YES(Yes) NO. Ltd. QUICK_HO_NCEL L_TYPE_B None ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Cell Handove r Direction Forecast Last Times Handove r Direction Forecast Statistic Times 3 0~16 0~16 None SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) Cell 3 0~16 0~16 None SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) Cell 4-26 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

YES None Cell 255 0~255 0~255 bit Cell NO NO(No). Threshol d UL Qual. YES(Yes) NO. YES(Yes) NO. 4-27 .BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Quick Handove r Punish Time Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOFAST(Opt ional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Impact 10 0~255 0~255 s Cell Quick Handove r Punish Value 63 0~63 0~63 dB Cell TA HO Allowed TA Threshol d Inter-RA T Out BSC Handove r Enable Penalty Time after TA HO Penalty Level after TA HO BQ HO Allowed UL Qual. YES(Yes) NO.. YES None Cell 30 0~255 0~255 s SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 63 0~63 0~63 dB Cell YES NO(No). Threshol d DL Qual. YES None Cell 55 0~70 0~70 None Cell 55 0~70 0~70 None Cell 60 0~70 0~70 None Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Limit for AMR FR YES NO(No).

Ltd. Limit for AMR FR UL Qual. Limit for AMR HR Inter-cell HO Hysteres is BQ HO Margin Intracell HO Allowed Penalty Time after BQ HO Penalty Level after BQ HO Rx_Leve l_Drop HO Allowed Edge HO UL RX_LEV Threshol d Filter Paramet er A1 Filter Paramet er A2 Default Value 60 GUI Value Range 0~70 Actual Value Range 0~70 Unit MML Command SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Impact None Cell 55 0~70 0~70 None Cell 55 0~70 0~70 None Cell 4 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 69 NO 0~127 NO(No). Limit for AMR HR DL Qual.. YES dB None Cell Cell 10 0~255 0~255 s Cell 63 0~63 0~63 dB Cell NO NO(No). Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . YES None Cell 10 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 4-28 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. YES(Yes) NO. YES(Yes) 0~127 NO.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er DL Qual.

Ltd. Thresh Offset for AMR FR Forbidde n time after MAX Times Default Value 10 GUI Value Range 0~20 Actual Value Range 0~20 Unit MML Command SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Impact None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 10 0~20 0~20 None Cell 0 0~200 0~200 None Cell YES NO(No). 4-29 . YES(Yes) NO. Thresh 1 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Filter Paramet er A3 Filter Paramet er A4 Filter Paramet er A5 Filter Paramet er A6 Filter Paramet er A7 Filter Paramet er A8 Filter Paramet er B Interfere nce HO Allowed Interfere HO Qual.. YES None Cell 60 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 5 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 20 1~200 1~200 s Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

YES(Yes) NO.HO Allowed No Dl Mr. YES None Cell 80 0~100 0~100 per cent SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 4-30 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.HO Allowed Limit Filter Length for TCH Qual Filter Length for SDCCH Qual. Ltd.No Dl Mr. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Inter-lay er HO Threshol d Adjacent Cell Inter-lay er HO Hysteres is No Dl Mr. step:480 for TCH and 470 for SDCCH ms SET GCELLHOFITPEN(O ptional) Cell 2 1~32 1~32. step:480 for TCH and 470 for SDCCH ms SET GCELLCHMGAD(Op tional) SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell YES NO(No). YES None SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) Cell 50 0~70 0~70 None Cell 8 0~64 0~64 None SET GCELLHOEMG(Opti onal) Cell 4 1~31 0~31..Ul Qual HO Limit Cons. YES(Yes) NO. Load HO Allowed UL Subcell General Overload Threshol d Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Impact 25 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 67 0~127 0~127 dB ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Cell NO NO(No).

BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Inner Cell Serious OverLoa d Thred Subcell HO Allowed Flow Control Level Incoming OL Subcell HO Level TH UL Subcell Serious Overload Threshol d UL Subcell Load Hierarchi cal HO Periods MOD Step LEN of UL Load HO Period Step Length of UL Subcell Load HO UL Subcell Lower Load Threshol d Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 90 0~100 0~100 per cent SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 10 0~11 0~11 None SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 30 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 90 0~100 0~100 per cent SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 5 1~255 1~255 s SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 1 1~255 1~255 s SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 5 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 50 0~100 0~100 per cent SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4-31 .. Ltd.

Extra(Extra) Inner. YES(Yes) NO. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) .4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Outgoing OL Subcell HO Level TH OL Subcell Load Diversity HO Period Step Length of OL Subcell Load HO Distance Between Boundari es of Subcells Distance Hysteres is Between Boundari es Cell Inner/Ext ra Property Load HO of OL Subcell to UL Subcell Edge HO DL RX_LEV Threshol d Load HO Threshol d Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 25 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 10 1~255 1~255 s SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 5 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 10 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 2 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell None Inner(Inner). Extra None ADD GCELL(Mandatory) Cell NO NO(No). YES None SET GCELLHOEDBPAR A(Optional) Cell 20 0~63 0~63 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 90 0~100 0~100 None Cell 4-32 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..

YES None SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell YES NO(No). YES(Yes) NO. YES None Cell 10 0. step:0. YES(Yes) NO. 4-33 ..5 s SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.8~11 0. YES(Yes) NO. 8~11 None SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell NO NO(No).BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command ADD GEXT2GCELL(Optio nal) Impact Load handove r Load Accept Threshol d 80 0~100 0~100 per cent ADD GEXT3GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell Load HO Step Level Load HO Step Period Load HO Bandwid th Load Handove r Support System Flux Threshol d for Load HO Inter BSC Load Informati on Allowed Edge HO Allowed Handove r Algorith m I Edge HO Valid Time 5 1~63 1~63 dB SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 10 1~255 1~255 s Cell 25 0~63 0~63 dB Cell NO NO(No). YES None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 1~32 1~32. Ltd.

step:0.. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . Ltd. 3. YES(Yes) NO. step:0.5 s SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 1~32 1~32. 2. 2.5 s ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Cell 6 1~32 1~32. YES(Yes) NO. step:0.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Handove r Algorith m I Edge HO Watch Time Edge HO AdjCell Valid Time Edge HO AdjCell Watch Time MS Fast Moving HO Allowed MS Fast-mo ving Time Threshol d MS Fast-mo ving Watch Cells MS Fast-mo ving Valid Cells Layer of the cell Level HO Allowed Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 6 1~32 1~32. 4 1. 3. 4 None Cell YES NO(No). YES None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 15 0~255 0~255 s SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 3 1~10 1~10 None SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) Cell 2 1~10 1~10 None SET GCELLHOAD(Optio nal) ADD GEXT3GCELL(Optio nal) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 3 1. YES None Cell 4-34 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 s ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Cell NO NO(No).

BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Layer HO Valid Time Layer HO Watch Time PBGT HO Allowed PBGT Valid Time PBGT Watch Time PBGT HO Threshol d Intracell F-H HO Allowed AMR TCH/H Prior Allowed AMR TCH/H Prior Cell Load Threshol d F2H HO Threshol d Intracell F-H HO Last Time Default Value 4 GUI Value Range 1~32 Actual Value Range 1~32.5 Unit MML Command ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLCHMGAD(Op tional) Impact s Cell 6 1~32 1~32. step:0. YES None Cell 4 1~32 1~32.5 s Cell 68 0~127 0~127 dB Cell YES NO(No). YES(Yes) NO. 4-35 . YES(Yes) NO. step:0. ON None Cell 55 0~99 0~99 per cent SET GCELLCHMGAD(Op tional) Cell 25 0~39 0~39 None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell None 1~32 1~32.5 s Cell YES NO(No).. ON(On) OFF.5 s Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. step:0. YES None Cell ON OFF(Off). Ltd. step:0. step:0.5 s Cell 6 1~32 1~32.

.5 s SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4-36 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 s Cell 3 0~16 1~16.5 s Cell 1 1~16 1~16.5 s Cell 12 0~39 0~39 None Cell 1 1~16 1~16. step:0. step:0.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Intracell F-H HO Stat Time H2F HO Threshol d TA HO Valid Time TA HO Watch Time Inter-lay er HO Hysteres is BQ HO Valid Time BQ HO Watch Time Interfere HO Valid Time Interfere HO Static Time UL BQ HO Last Time UL BQ HO Static Time Handove r Algorith m II Edge HO Valid Time Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) Impact None 1~32 1~32. step:0. step:0. step:0.5 s Cell 2 0~63 0~63 dB Cell 1 1~16 1~16.5 s Cell None 1~32 1~32. step:0. step:0.5 s Cell 1 1~16 1~16.5 s Cell 1 1~8 1~8. step:0. step:0. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . step:0.5 s Cell 1 1~8 1~8.5 s Cell 2 1~16 1~16. Ltd.

step:0.5 s Cell YES NO(No). YES(Yes) NO. step:0. YES(Yes) NO. 4-37 . Enable Better Cell HO Valid Time Better Cell HO Watch Time AMR F-H Ho Allowed AMR F-H Ho Pathloss Threshol d AMR F-H Ho ATCB Threshol d Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact None 1~32 1~32. YES None Cell NO NO(No). step:0.5 s ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) ADD G2GNCELL(Optional ) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 3 1~16 1~16.5 s SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 2 1~16 1~16. YES None Cell 100 0~255 0~255 dB Cell 20 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 s Cell NO NO(No).5 s Cell 6 1~32 1~32. YES(Yes) NO. YES None Cell 4 1~32 1~32..BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Handove r Algorith m II Edge HO Watch Time HCS HO Valid Time HCS HO Watch Time Better Cell Handove r Enable Pathloss Ho. step:0. step:0. Ltd.

. step:0. step:0.5 s Cell 6 1~32 1~32. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) . YES None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 108 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4-38 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Threshol d F-H Ho Last Time F-H Ho Stat.5 s Cell NO NO(No). YES(Yes) NO.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er AMR F-H Ho Qual. YES None Cell 95 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 30 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell NO NO(No). YES(Yes) NO. Ltd. Time Non-AM R F-H Ho Allowed Non-AM R F-H Ho Pathloss Threshol d Non-AM R F-H Ho ATCB Threshol d Allow AMR H-F Quality-b ased HO AMR H-F Ho Pathloss Threshol d AMR H-F Ho ATCB Threshol d Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 0 0~7 0~7 None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 1~32 1~32.

step:0. step:0. YES(Yes) NO.. Thresh 2 for Non-AM R FR Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 3 0~7 0~7 None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 4 1~32 1~32. Threshol d Interfere HO Qual. YES None Cell 103 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 14 0~255 0~255 dB SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 2 0~7 0~7 None SET GCELLHOBASIC(Op tional) Cell 50 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Time Allow Non-AM R H-F Quality-b ased HO Non-AM R H-F Ho Pathloss Threshol d Non-AM R H-F Ho ATCB Threshol d Non-AM R H-F Ho Qual. Ltd.5 s Cell 6 1~32 1~32.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er AMR H-F Ho Qual. Threshol d H-F Ho Last Time H-F Ho Stat. 4-39 .5 s Cell NO NO(No).

Thresh 3 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Ltd.4 Parameters BSS Handover Paramet er Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 5 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 7 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 4 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 6 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 8 for Non-AM R FR Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 49 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 48 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 47 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 46 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 45 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 44 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 4-40 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) ..

Thresh 9 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual.. Thresh 11 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 10 for Non-AM R FR Interfere HO Qual.BSS Handover 4 Parameters Paramet er Interfere HO Qual. Thresh 12 for Non-AM R FR Default Value GUI Value Range Actual Value Range Unit MML Command Impact 43 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 42 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 41 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell 40 0~70 0~70 None SET GCELLAMRQUL(Op tional) Cell Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4-41 . Ltd.

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Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 5-1 . Ltd.. see the BSC6900 GSM Performance Counter Reference.BSS Handover 5 Counters 5 Counters For the counters.

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and definitions. see the Glossary. Ltd.BSS Handover 6 Glossary 6 Glossary For the acronyms. abbreviations. Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. 6-1 . terms.

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BSS Handover 7 Reference Documents 7 Reference Documents z z z z z z z z 3GPP TS 08.58 Base Station Controler . 7-1 ..Base Transceiver Station (BCS-BTS) Interface Layer 3 Specification 3GPP TS 04. Ltd.08 Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification BSC6900 Feature List BSC6900 Basic Feature Description BSC6900 Optional Feature Description BSC6900 GSM Parameter Reference BSC6900 GSM MML Command Reference BSC6900 Performance Counter Reference Issue Draft (2010-03-30) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.