What is mean of BADI’s ? A> Business Adding’s What is the system landscape?

1) Difference between BADI and USER-EXIT. i) BADI's can be used any number of times, where as USER-EXITS can be used only one time. Ex:- if your assigning a USER-EXIT to a project in (CMOD), then you can not assign the same to other project. ii) BADI's are oops based. 2) About 'BDCMSGCOLL' it is a structure. Used for finding error records. 3) Full form of BADI 'Business addins'. 3) System land scape will be depends on your project Ex:- 'Development server'-->'Quality server'---> 'Production server'.....

1. What is the difference between BAPI, BADI and User Exit?

BAPI - These are published programs which is used to upload data into SAP system.
SAP Link : for BAPI Explanation: http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/9b/417f07ee2211d1ad14080009b0fb56/frameset.htm

BADI - This is a program enhancement technique. SAP provides BADI openings in the

standard programs. You need to search for the suitable BADI as ur requirement and then do the coding and plug in the program.

USEREXIT - It is also a program enhancement technique. here also uneed to find suitable
userexit and code in ur program. The main diff bet BADI and USEREXIT is that in USEREXIT u code in the standard SAP progra m, hence any updation in the version of the standard program will lead to the loss of ur coding. But same is not the case of BADI. Here the code remains outside the standard program. 2. Both BDC and BAPI will work. For a NJOI –njoi- SAP transaction, prefer a BAPI over a BDC
DOCS Advantages
• •

System can work even if target system not always online. The IDoc will be created and sending will just continue once you get connected to the other system. No additional programming required. You just need to set up the configuration.

It all depends on the relationship you have with your business partner. You will need to customize the predefined data structure to fit your business requirement needs. Others interface methods you might also want to consider are ALE and RFCs. . BAPIS Advantages • • • You can tell if your sending was successful or not Sending to/processing on the other side is immediate Easier to create your own BAPI than your own IDoc Disadvantages • • Will only work if you have an active online connection. predefined or not. So if the receiving system did not successfully receive or transmission was not successful. If there is no SAP standard IDoc available for your requirement. SAP has provided comprehensive IDoc tracking status information. which is an option provided by SAP with the delivered IDoc solution. hence the instant effect. In either case of IDoc or BAPI. BAPI is designed specifically for application interface programming and enabling. You can make an IDoc immediate or scheduled. as it is sent between systems. but the problem you will run into is that you stand a chance of getting the document stuck because the underlying technology is BC (Business Connector) built by WebMethods for SAP. Again you can tree out the WEDI transaction to perform and simulate your configuration. SAP transaction for setting up and tracking IDOC is rooted in ?WEDI? provided you have access to this transaction. As for IDocs. the IDoc status will let you know that. The IDocs are reusable and can be tracked within SAP if delivery is successful or unsuccessful.Disadvantages • • • Receipt/processing on the target system may not be immediate. This is your best option if you are still looking to build an EDI/IDoc interface. There is no way of tracking the status of BAPI. The only difference between the two is that with BAPI you can enable a specific application within SAP that will utilize that the data transported within BAPI. SAP is in the process of doing away with BC. your interface solution is RFCexec (Remote Function Call). it's harder to create a customized IDoc than a customized BAPI. The sending system has no way to know whether the target system actually received what you sent (unless you use ALE). you will need build some form of interface data structure. "EECOMSOL" WRITES: BAPI will work as defined. which will help in determining the status of any IDoc transmitted to and from SAP. Some programming required to call the BAPI.

IDOC and BAPI? ALE ALE is SAP proprietary technology that enables data communications between two or more SAP R/3 systems and/or R/3 and external systems. and methodologies that you can easily configure to get an interface up and running. ALE comes with application distribution/integration scenarios as well as a set of tools. The ALE components are inherently integrated with SAP applications and are robust. When a new enterprise resource planning (ERP) solution such as R/3 is implemented. You usually need to perform the BAPI that actually does the COMMIT after you call your BAPI. BAPIs probably have better performance since they don't do the screen flow processing. The Program coding for calling a BAPI is usually cleaner than setting up the screen flow etc for the Call Transaction. Some of the BAPIs are better documented and easier to use than others. These interfaces are being specified as part of SAP's initiative with customers. ALE technology facilitates rapid application prototyping and application interface development. standardized method for third-party applications and components to integrate into the Business Framework. programs. . Also. This is a big plus when you do upgrades or hot packs because the transaction can change (format. SAP has implemented the emerging Object Application Group (OAG) specifications with BAPIs. companies have to interface the ERP system with legacy systems or other ERP systems. Pros and Cons for both BAPI and Call Transaction BAPI One of the big plusses for BAPIs is that the interface and function are not supposed to change. partners and leading standards organizations. required inputs etc) which means you then need to update the call transaction. You don't need to worry about special data circumstances interrupting the normal data flow of the screens and causing errors because of that. ALE provides intelligent mechanisms where by clients can achieve integration as well as distribution of applications and data. data definitions. thus reducing implementation time.What is the different between ALE. leading to a highly reliable system. BAPI BAPIs provide a stable.

when we think of a purchase order that is sent as an IDoc. If the caller is an external program it will call an RFCenabled function in R/3 and if the calling program is the R/3 system it will call an RFC-function in another R/3-system or it will call a non-R/3 program through a gateway-proxy (usually rfcexec. especially designed as Application Programming Interface (API) to the SAP business object. Instead of calling a program in the destination system directly. I have had some very good successes with BAPIs. Such a set-up is called an ALEscenario.In general if the BAPI exists for the transaction you want to perform and you can figure out how to use it the BAPI is probably the best way to go. we generally speak of EDI. but very occasionally found that I could not get the BAPI to perform the update I needed. The difference is made clear. Therefore an IDoc data exchange is always an asynchronous process. While IDocs have to be understood as a data exchange protocol. then the receiving system will store the purchase order also as a purchase order. If we send the purchase order to a supplier then the supplier will store the purchase order as a sales order. ABAP Tips by: Heather R Woytash The interface concept of the classic R/3 is based on two different strategies: Remote Function Calls (RFC) and data exchange through IDoc message documents. IDocs are text encoded documents with a rigid structure that are used to exchange data between R/3 and a foreign system. BAPIs are a subset of the RFC-enabled function modules. EDI and ALE are typical use cases for IDocs. The significant difference between simple RFC-calls and IDoc data exchange is the fact. where it is analyzed and properly processed. or in other words: are function modules officially released by SAP to be called from external programs. However. The philosophical difference between EDI and ALE can be pinned as follows: If we send data to an external partner. RFC makes direct and synchronous calls of a program in the remote system. while ALE is a mechanism to reliable replicate data between trusting systems to store a redundant copy of the IDoc data. the data is first packed into an IDoc and then sent to the receiving system. ALE is basically the scheduling mechanism that defines when and between which partners and what kind of data will be exchanged on a regular or event triggered basis. This is just from my experience working with both BAPI and Call Transaction. that every action performed on IDocs are protocolled by R/3 and IDocs can be reprocessed if an error occurred in one of the message steps. .exe). if we send the purchase order via ALE to another R/3 system. R/3 uses IDocs for both EDI and ALE to deliver data to the receiving system.

com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/7e/5e115e4a1611d1894c0000e829fbbd/frameset.http://help.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/e0/9eb2370f9cbe68e10000009b38f8cf/frameset. and customer solutions.htm PDF download: https://www.sid21_gci948835.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/CABFABAPIREF/CABFABAPIPG.http://www. it does not contain a internal COMMIT statement in the Function Module.erpgenie.sapgenie.sap. a RETURN structure is defined as an interface parameter of a BAPI which is used to log all the errors.htm http://searchsap. There are two types of BAPI's: Instance Dependent & Instance Independent.pdf http://help.sap.sap.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/CABFABAPIREF/CABFABAPIPG. The Properties of BAPI are: Every BAPI name should start with letters 'BAPI'.com/originalContent/0.htm http://help.sid21_gci948835. When BAPI's are used to post the data in SAP system these are used as Function Modules. This is a class which has a method 'GET_INSTANCE' which is used to trigger BADI's from the Standard Program. as well as country versions.htm http://www.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/9b/417f07ee2211d1ad14080009b0fb56/frameset.com/irj/sdn/thread? messageID=3399488#3399488 How To Define a New BAdI Within the Enhancement Framework (Some Basics About the BAdI.00. CUSTOMER_ADD_DATA > which has a method SAVE_DATA. warnings and the successful processes tha are triggered in the course of execution of a BAPI. partner.html http://searchsap. 1} Identify the User Exit suitable for the requirement and that is available in the system: Code SE18 is used to Identify the BADI available.sap-img.com/abap/bapi/example.techtarget.sdn.com/irj/sdn/weblogs?blog=/pub/wlg/3506 Introducing Business Add-Ins .com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/BCMIDAPII/CABFAAPIINTRO.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/e0/9eb2370f9cbe68e10000009b38f8cf/frameset. It does not contain "CALL TRANSACTION" statements.sap.htm http://help.sap.sdn.com/irj/sdn/thread?messageID=3370270#3370270 https://www.pdf http://help.sappoint. BAPI provides an access to the SAP system for external applications to have the business data processed in the form of web services.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/BCMIDAPII/CABFAAPIINTRO. Business Objects are the Objects which has business sence associated to it.Code SE19 is used to Implement BADI.com/abap/bapi-conventions.sapimg. The interface parameter for this static method 'EXIT_NAME' is used to pass the BADI to the method.htm Example:.sdn. BAPI do not raise 'EXCEPTIONS'.sdn.sap-img. It is an API method of a Business Object.pdf http://help. Check these blogs 2 find a BADI: https://www. Open Standard Program and do a global search 'CL_EXITHANDLER'.sap. Purchase Orders etc.sapgenie.sdn. SE18 > give the BADI name found through above search.com/irj/sdn/go/portal/prtroot/docs/library/uuid/200dd1cc-589e-2910-98a9-bb2c48b78dfa BADI Business Add-Ins are a new SAP enhancement technique based on ABAP Objects.htm BAPI http://help.com/abap/bapiintro.com/irj/sdn/weblogs? blog=/pub/wlg/3430 How to implement a BAdI And How to Use a Filter https://www.289142.sap. Look for the string 'CL_EXITHANDLER' in the standard program.sap.com.sap.com/originalContent/0. A successful execution of a BAPI requires the data to be commited and this process of performing a COMMIT is achieved by calling the BAPI_TRANSACTION_COMMIT' explicitly if there are no errors logged in the RETURN structure.com/abap/bapi/example. Ex. http://help.com/bapi.sap. 2} Implement the User Exit identified through above process.htm http://www.html http://techrepublic.http://www.http://help. SE19 > give the implementation name > Give the Definition name as CUSTOMER_ADD_DATA and the Short Text.pdf BAPI Programming guide: .00.sap.pdf http://help.com/abap/bapi-step-by-step-guidance.sap.sap.html# http://www.sap.com/saphelp_nw2004s/helpdata/en/7e/5e114a4a1611d1894c0000e829fbbd/frameset.com/abap/bapi/example. Badi’s allow for a multi-level system landscape (SAP.289142.htm BAPI user guide: .com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/BCFESDE8/BCFESDE8.htm BAPI STEP BY STEP PROCEDURE: .BAdI Commands in ABAP.DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BAPI AND BADI ? BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface) : BAPIis an API method of a business object which intern is a RFC enabled Function Module. and the like). for further information check following: Go to the below link for BAPI.sap.techtarget. When to Use a BAdI?) https://www.sdn. T. Sales Orders.htm http://www. industry solutions. Business Add-Ins can be created at each level within such a system infrastructure Some BADI can have multiple independent implementations which is much better for software deployment as several developers can implement the same BADI independently.pdf http://www.com/5100-6329-1051160.com/irj/sdn/message?messageID=3343735 https://www.

htm Difference Between BADI and User Exits http://www. A unique transaction ID is generated and the called program is stored in the system along with the data.Business Add In you need to Understand ABAP OO Interface Concept http://www. Synchronous RFC In Synchronous RFCs both the Systems must be available at the time of the call. Queued RFCs.sap. Transactional RFCs Here the called system need not be available at the time of the call. It transfers an LUW (transaction) only if it has no predecessors (in reference to the sequence defined in different application programs) in the participating queues. RFCs can be used to interface SAP and Non SAP systems or 2 different SAP R/3 systems.com/saphelp_47x200/helpdata/en/ee/a1d548892b11d295d60000e82de14a/frameset.htm SAP RFC : RFC (Remote Function Call). This makes them similar to SAP BAPIs.sdn.com/abap/difference-between-badi-and-user-exits. To guarantee that multiple LUWs are processed in the order specified by the application.sdn.htm To Use BADI .com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/04/f3683c05ea4464e10000000a114084/content.com/irj/sdn/go/portal/prtroot/docs/library/uuid/d0456c54-0901-0010-f0b3-cd765fb99702 Business Add-Ins http://help.sap-img. This type of RFC is called queued RFC (qRFC). these are function modules in SAP but are remotely enabled. SAP ABAP RFCs are of 3 types Synchronous RFC Transactional RFCs Queued RFCs.Net connector or a Java connector.com/irj/sdn/go/portal/prtroot/docs/library/uuid/f3202186-0601-0010-6591-b832b1a0d0de How to implement BAdi in Enhancement Framework https://www.sap.sap.sap-img. tRFC can be serialized using queues (inbound and outbound queues).com/abap/business-add-in-you-need-to-understand-abap-oo-interface-concept. If the receiving system is not available for a long time then the call is scheduled to run in a batch.sap. For more details and related topics please see the following links .htm BAdI: Customer-Defined Functions in the Formula Builder http://help. These RFCs are based on Synchronous communication. Thus a Remote function module can be called from another Non-SAP System using a .https://www. qRFC is therefore an extension of tRFC.

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