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Edward Regan "Eddie" Murphy (born April 3, 1961) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, writer, singer, director, and musician. Box-office takes from Murphy's films make him the second-highest grossing actor in the United States. He was a regular cast member onSaturday Night Live from 1980 to 1984 and has worked as a stand-up comedian. He was ranked no. 10 on Comedy Central's list of the 100 Greatest Stand-ups of All Time. He has received Golden Globe Award nominations for his performances in 48 Hrs., Beverly Hills Cop series, Trading Places, and The Nutty Professor. In 2007, he won the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor and received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of soul singer James "Thunder" Early in Dreamgirls. Eddie Murphy's work as a voice actor includes Thurgood Stubbs in The PJs, Donkey in the Shrek series and the Chinese dragon Mushu in Disney'sMulan. In some of his films, he plays multiple roles in addition to his main character, intended as a tribute to one of his idols Peter Sellers, who played multiple roles in Dr. Strangelove and elsewhere. Murphy has played multiple roles in Coming to America, Wes Craven's Vampire in Brooklyn, theNutty Professor films (where he played the title role in two incarnations, plus his father, brother, mother, and grandmother), Bowfinger, Norbit, andMeet Dave.
Murphy grew up in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Bushwick. His mother, Lillian, was a telephone operator, and his father, Charles Edward Murphy, was a transit police officer and an amateur actor and comedian. His father died when he was young. When Murphy's single mom became ill, the eightyear-old Eddie Murphy and his older brother lived in foster care for one year. In interviews, the actor and comedian says that his time in foster care was influential in developing his sense of humour. Later Murphy and his older brother Charlie were raised in Roosevelt, New York by his mother and stepfather Vernon Lynch, a foreman at an ice cream plant. Around the age of 15, Murphy was writing and performing his own routines, which were heavily influenced by Bill Cosby and Richard Pryor.
His early comedy was characterized by frequent swearing and sketches lampooning a diverse group of people (including White Anglo-Saxon Protestants (WASPs), African Americans, Italian Americans, overweight people, and gay people). Eddie also released three stand-up specials. Eddie Murphy was his first album, released in 1982. Delirious was filmed in 1983 in Washington, D.C. Due to the popularity of this, he then released Raw in 1987 which was filmed in the Felt Forum section of Madison Square Garden in New York. 
1980s acting career
Christmas episode of Saturday Night Live. The film was Murphy's first starring role. Robinson (a spoof of Fred Rogers. Murphy's take on the latter character spawned one of SNL's many catchphrases. who found it amusing). Nolte was scheduled to host the December 11. Best Defense was a major financial and critical disappointment. Murphy. The movie marked the first of Murphy's collaborations with directorJohn Landis (who also directed Murphy in Coming to America and Beverly Hills Cop III) and proved to be an even greater box office success than 48 Hrs. Murphy made his big screen debut in the film 48 Hrs. proved to be a hit when it was released in the Christmas season of 1982. and Gumby.S. Murphy asked that he be retired because the actor grew tired of people asking him to "Do Buckwheat! Do Buckwheat!". When he hosted SNL. impoverished but street-wise children's show host Mr. and was credited with helping revitalize the series during the early 1980s. He became the only cast member to host while still a regular. box office grosses (4th-highest amongst "R" rated films). Murphy appeared in Best Defense. 48 Hrs. In 1982. Murphy joined the chorus of those bashing Best Defense. "Live from New York. co-starring Dudley Moore. Some of his notable characters included a grown version of the Little Rascals character Buckwheat. was added to the film after an original version was completed but tested poorly with audiences. with Nick Nolte. calling it "the worst movie in the history of everything". Murphy starred in the successful action comedy film Beverly Hills Cop.Murphy in 1988 Murphy first earned attention as a regular actor at Saturday Night Live (SNL). so Murphy took over. as of August 2012. In 1984. who was credited as a "Strategic Guest Star". It's the Eddie Murphy Show!" The following year. but became too ill to host. Murphy starred in Trading Places with fellow SNL alumnus Dan Aykroyd. dammit!" Although Buckwheat was his most popular character. In 1984. the character was assassinated on camera in front of 30 Rockefeller Plaza. "I'm Gumby. a harshly cynical version of the animated character. after adjusting for inflation. 1982. Murphy opened the show with the phrase. Beverly Hills Cop grossed over $230 million at the box office and is 41st in the list of all-time total U. Murphy's Trading Places co-star Dan Aykroyd had originally written the character ofWinston .
By this point Murphy's nearexclusive contract with Paramount Pictures rivaled Star Trek as Paramount's most lucrative franchise." Sharam used a sample of the song for the UK No. In 1986. Murphy had two hit singles. In 1992. "No More Tears (Enough Is Enough)". and Beverly Hills Cop. As a solo artist. "Party All the Time" (which was produced by Rick James) and "Put Your Mouth on Me" in the mid-1980s (although he actually started singing earlier in his career.and Murphy's comedy special Eddie Murphy Delirious. but he was unable to commit at the time due to the Beverly Hills Cop shooting schedule. but was willing to do a film sequel instead. it was Paramount Pictures. He recorded a duet with Shabba Ranks called "I Was a King". In 2004. which released all of his early films. In this case..Zeddemore in Ghostbusters specifically for Murphy. They both appear on his 1982 self-titled comedy album. grossing over $150 million. Murphy appeared in Michael Jackson's "Remember the Time" alongside Magic Johnson and Iman. the latter being a parody of Barbra Streisand and Donna Summer's 1979 song. Singing career Murphy is also a singer and musician. Murphy recorded the album Love's Alright in the early 1990s. After Gibson turned the role down. a role that. The part ultimately went to Ernie Hudson. having frequently provided background vocals to songs released by The Bus Boys. . the movie was not as critically acclaimed as 48 Hrs. a duet with vocalist Crystal Blake. which included a minor follow-up R&B hit in the title track. It was a box office success. Although The Golden Child (featuring Murphy's "I want the knife!" routine) performed well at the box office. Murphy was one of the last movie actors to sign an exclusive contract with a studio. Murphy starred in the supernatural comedy. Trading Places. 8 hit "PATT (Party All The Time)" in 2006. ultimately went to future 7th Heaven starCatherine Hicks. Murphy reprised his role of Axel Foley in theTony Scott-directed Beverly Hills Cop II. The Golden Child was considered a change of pace for Murphy because of the supernatural setting as opposed to the more "street smart" settings of Murphy's previous efforts. Murphy was also offered a part in 1986's Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home. Murphy declined the television offer. VH1 and Blender voted "Party All the Time" number seven among the "50 Worst Songs of AllTime. the project was offered to Murphy as it was subsequently rewritten as a partial comedy. featuring Michael Jackson. Producers reportedly wanted to turn the Beverly Hills Cop franchise into a weekly television series. which their song "The Boys Are Back in Town" was featured in 48 Hrs.) "Party All the Time" was featured on Murphy's 1985 debut album How Could It Be. The Golden Child was originally intended to be a serious adventure picture starring Mel Gibson. with the songs "Boogie In Your Butt" and "Enough Is Enough". He performed in a music video of the single "Whatzupwitu". A year later. This track was written by Rusty Hamilton and was produced by Stevie Wonder's cousin Aquil Fudge after a brief falling out and bet with Rick James. after being heavily re-written from comic relief to love interest. The Golden Child.
Harlem Nights featured Murphy. but by 1992 results for both dropped. Life). Charlie Murphy. Halle Berry and Martin . From 1989 and through most of the early 1990s. Murphy provided vocal work on SNL castmate Joe Piscopo's comedy single. Harlem Nights. producer. with his brother. Boomerang. star. as well as supporting roles for Murphy's comic idols Redd Foxx and Richard Pryor. Murphy performed several songs in the Shrek film franchise. he had to sing it in character. although he did find box office success with Boomerang and Another 48 Hrs. In the first film. Many black actors who would later gain wider recognition make early appearances in Murphy films such as Damon Wayansin Beverly Hills Cop. "The Honeymooners Rap. a comedy-drama Harlem Nights that also starred Eddie Murphy. despite Murphy's films (especially those he produced) often being populated with predominantly black casts (Coming To America. in Shrek 2 he performed Ricky Martin's hit "Livin' La Vida Loca" along with co-star Antonio Banderas. In Coming to America." Piscopo impersonated Jackie Gleason on the single. who had previously been known only as a performer. he imitated Jackie Wilson when he sang "To Be Loved". a movie Murphy would ultimately denounce during an appearance on Inside the Actors Studio. while Murphy provided an imitation of Art Carney. as director. but because the character he was playing had a thick accent.Though uncredited. box office results and reviews for Murphy's films were strong. he performed a version of "I'm a Believer" in the film's final scene.Vampire in Brooklyn. In later years. and co-writer. 1990s career One of the last movies by Redd Foxx & Richard Pryor. During this period Murphy was criticized by filmmaker Spike Lee for not using his show business stature to help black actors break into film. hitting a low point with the critically panned Beverly Hills Cop III (1994).
Murphy was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. I Spy. in Coming to America. and grossed $98 million at the box office. most of his movies meant for more adult audiences performed moderately. grossing just $7 million worldwide on a reported $110 million budget. Murphy was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor on January 23. 2007.there was a suggestion that one of the reasons Murphy lost out on winning the Academy Award was his subsequent film Norbit. Dave Chappellein The Nutty Professor and Chris Rock in Beverly Hills Cop II. and Casey Affleck also starred in the film. and The Adventures of Pluto Nash is on record as one of the biggest theatrical money-losers of all time. he starred in the motion picture version of the Broadway musical Dreamgirls as soul singer James "Thunder" Early. he has never attended cast reunions or anniversary specials. However. as well as aScreen Actors Guild Award and a Broadcast Film Critics Association Award in that category. Murphy played a thief who joins a group of hardworking men who find out they have fallen victim to a wealthy businessman's Ponzi scheme. Although Murphy has enjoyed commercial success since Saturday Night Live. released on November 4.Lawrence in Boomerang. It was reported in 2011 that Murphy would host the 84th Academy Awards in 2012. In 2006. Samuel L. Ben Stiller. In 2007. but lost to Alan Arkin for his performance in Little Miss Sunshine . The film garnered generally positive critical reviews. Jackson and Cuba Gooding Jr. he dropped out of his hosting duties on November 9. Dreamgirls was the first film distributed by Paramount Pictures to star Murphy (who once was on an exclusive contract with the studio) since Vampire in Brooklyn in 1995. 1998 to present He followed with a series of very successful family-friendly movies like Mulan. Murphy co-starred in Tower Heist. Several reviews for the film highlighted Murphy's performance while he received some pre-releaseAcademy Awards buzz. and Showtime all tended to gross less than $40 million domestically. As a result of Viacom's acquisition of DreamWorks. nor did he participate in the making of the Live From New York: An Uncensored History of Saturday Night Live retrospective book by Tom Shales and James Andrew Miller (2002). the Shrek series. However. He starred in the 2008 film Meet Dave and the 2009 film Imagine That for Paramount Pictures. Paramount distributed his other 2007 releases:Norbit and Shrek the Third. in the wake of the Brett Ratner scandal. directed by Brett Ratner. grossing less than $13 million. also starring Steve Martin. Dr. Holy Man performed poorly. and conspire to rob his high-rise residence. 2011. 2011. Dolittle and its sequel. Matthew Broderick. along with Nutty Professor II: The Klumps. A notable exception to this run of poorly received adult-themed films was the Frank Oz comedy Bowfinger. Daddy Day Care. Murphy won a Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor. Metro. Personal life . and The Haunted Mansion. starting with The Nutty Professor. Murphy's box office results began to recover in 1996.
The two had planned on having a legal ceremony upon their return to the U. Legal problems According to Murphy's childhood friend Harris Haith in his book. 1999) and Bella Zahra (born January 29. Murphy as of 2008 resided in Long Island. New York. Shayne Audra (born October 10. 2006. Murphy exchanged marriage vows with film producer Tracey Edmonds. On June 22." and called the Bora Bora wedding a "symbolic union". They lived together for almost two years before getting married at the Grand Ballroom of The Plaza Hotel in New York City on March 18. 1989). the couple released a statement saying. by RTL Boulevard. Growing Up Laughing With Eddie. Murphy began dating former Spice Girl Melanie Brown. Following his divorce from Mitchell. "After much consideration and discussion. You shouldn't jump to conclusions. Murphy told Dutch reporter Matthijs Kleyn. Art Buchwald had approached Paramount Pictures . When questioned about the pregnancy in December 2006. long before Murphy did any writing for Coming to America. 1989). former wife of Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds. April 3. on Murphy's 46th birthday. Mitchell filed for divorce. on January 1. 1993. Brown has stated in an interview that Murphy has not sought a relationship with Angel. In August 2005. 1992). 2008. citing "irreconcilable differences". The divorce was finalized on April 17. representatives for Brown announced in People that a DNA test had confirmed that Murphy was the father. 1994). Zola Ivy (born December 24.Murphy and Mitchell had five children together: Bria L. Brown gave birth to a baby girl. in 2006. sir". 1990). He also has a child by Tamara Hood: son Christian Murphy (born on November 29. who became pregnant and stated that the child was Murphy's. 2002). Murphy (born November 18. but did not. Myles Mitchell (born November 7. 2008. 1968) after meeting her in 1988 at an NAACP Image Awards show. in a private ceremony on an island off Bora Bora. Angel Iris Murphy Brown. and their wedding was never official. "I don't know whose child that is until it comes out and has a blood test. we have jointly decided that we will forgo having a legal ceremony as it is not necessary to define our relationship further. 2007.Family Eddie Murphy in Hollywood Walk of Fame Murphy began a longtime romantic relationship with Nicole Mitchell (born January 5. and another child by Paulette McNeely: son Eric Murphy (born on July 10. 2007.S. On January 16.
Paramount presented the idea of Coming to America to Eddie and gave him the contract. but Murphy was not found liable because Paramount had received the material. He has donated to the Martin Luther King Jr. Center. creative arts. Buchwald sued Murphy and Paramount Pictures. and cancer. various cancer charities and $100.wikipedia. but the information was retained by Paramount.with the idea for a similar film.000 to the Screen Actors' Guild's strike relief fund. His material was rejected. Bibliographie: www. Murphy wrote a screenplay that came to light exactly as it aired on the silver screen. education. Some years later. family/parent support.org . Philanthropy Murphy has donated money to the AIDS Foundation. In 1988. health and homeless charities. They liked Buchwald's idea but did not see fit to pay him and saved it for use later down the road.
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