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Riad el - Solh Square BEIRUT - LEBANON 1968





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Edward William Lane's ARABIC- ENGLISH LEXICON Book I contains all the classical words, their derivatives, and their usages. It appears in eight separate volumes and took the author more than thirty years to compile. Book 11 which Dr. Lane contemplated and whicih was to contain rare words and explanations, was incomplete at the time of his death in 1876 and therefore never appeared. In describing Lane's Lexicon, Dr. G. P. Badger wrote, This marvellous work in its fullness and richness, its deep research correctness and simplicity of arrangement far transcends the Lexicon of any language ever preseinted to the world. .,

Ptinted .n Lebanon by OFFSET CONROGRAVURE


















[ Boox L.]

WJI The lion:' (TA,) and wit.(TA.) U Qack Thle tsuenty-Jlfth l etter of the aljihabet; called because it signifies a sound, like .leaping, or quick his of because called so (s~:) is verb the .~,(C)contr. to analogy, because CI:it is one of thbe class termed aceiJ'I [or A bull that lo*.' liquids]); and is a letter of augmentation. - ) intrias., (TA,) Hie (a man, S) moaned; or springing. (TA.)uttered or moanintg; with or violently, breathed a htigh voice. (TA.) having man A iis (TA.) witlh teshdeed, and preceded by a fat-ijali, (l C syni. moaning; sometimes redundantly affixed to a word at the his voice or breath wvith 3, lAq.36 [Birds of the kind called] all vttierm!kl I: or it signifies he uttered a - e, the sign TA) and j:(ti end of a verse: see an ex. voce cre.(,L, ]g.) [In the CkZ, for.*t& is putt of the dual, witht damm, in onec dial., instead of loud.ersound than such asis termned .ehil. (I.) 5-15 1 *,.5 Also, Winds. .,.See an ex. voce CI] also ~L.-As a dju He envied him; (K~;) [as also b. -See keir, see (A.)' pt. (TA:) violently: blowing pace. a slowv at went, or in£n. t, lie wialked, numeral, it deniotes fifty.

&tl % .:iu i.q.


Uto . )

.sl Supplicate thy Lord

(,S:) zAiJI The lion. (1~.)

H,le went, n. ~u,aor. -,inf. 1. ~jJ~9l [A place wchere a mirid blows with a svl journeyingu, forth set or dcparted, away, wrent course and with a sound]. Ex. [thedlatter ani unuisual form iU'and inf. mm. through the land, or earth. (1 i)....~J U' ~eof inft. n.;] and VU1; lie was meak, (M, K(,) Thte news, tidings, or informtation, trent, or rrent 1 or congused; (S;) anid notfirm or. solnd, (,M, -' -S .6. i away, through the land. (T.) ]C,) in his ,udgmnent, or opinion. (8., M, ) The ,r;nd beca ie in a state aor. :, iinf. n. U He was wreak ina the itflir. j.*'91 &, U (s.) - [A lplace where birdls of the hind calledl Of commotion: blew ivith a .twj/Z course, antd with &;rUU, andl VUQ, li'e wcas uinable to do it. utter their cries]. Ex.X s asound. (~, ].(.) inf. n. 6UU ; (AA;) anid * UW; (; -u UU wrind passed swiflly over the lplaice. (TA.)lie was ncah,feteble, or rem?pivs. (AA, 8, TA.) [pass. in forni but njeut. in (like . 1J tIme (TA [but quoted in the as an cx. of' ci-il Rt. Q. 2:seR. Q. 1 in tharce places. sigpiification] TA) The peopile experienced, or former senise].) .tuffered, a swift and sounding wrind. (~, l~.) (?, IS) adV'5""adV UrSU LUand 1 J?l..U [j app). A distorted i- q "'C [See an ex. voce One rho freUl,IC) Wleak; cowardly. [The camel., were smvjft in their pace]. (TA.)story]: (K~:) so explained by ISk, as occuirritig quenitly turns about, or rolls, the pupil, or black .2 .5. a.. in the following verse: dif. odour r' [app., The £1II e~q.u i.q. Part, of his eye.(J.

R. Q. 1. sUU lie fed him, or nourished him, lIe restrainedhimn,or turned himt wrell. (i.) S, ]K,) fromp a thinlgthat he (EI-Umawee, back, desired to do. (El-U'Mawee,S,) - SI,I& sUU,

writh the utmost humility, or abasement, and earnestness, of which thou art capable. (TA, fr.omi a trad.)






fused itself strongly or powerfully]. (TA.)= 11 tl~~~~~4 . a, LUUZ : see the verb. - Weakness. (AA, S.) U (aor.~, inf. n. ~U, TA,) 1t (an owl) utter.e( 1 ', ' [Good betide htim *A ...uL, rhooted; syn. Au: (]g:) ainu] 1 0 amnoanting mj who hath died in. (thte time of) weakness!] i. e., in (aor. :andj1 in like n'iannier a man. (TA.) the first of El-Isl(um, before it acquired strength, (TA.) lowved bull) (?,) and its adlierents and assistanits muiltiplied. ,inf n. ~Uand ~l TA,) lie (a


4j 2i. 6.6 0




(K~.) -- UI j4 ~U, (aor. -', TA,) lie humbled 9 or abased, htimse!f, with earnestne.u, in suppli. :UU, intf n. 01U, L,) A J)duU, (aor. :,A, 1. ac -01He ate weakly y cation, to God. (~, ]g.) calamity befell himi: (I~:) or prfessed heavily upon or feebly. (kIi.) him, and distressd hims. (A.) - See :U ( comnmotion: Wind in a state of 4 (S, li,) contr. to analogy, lik( L: .. U,ar (L, I)A V g;t- (~, L. 1~) and t, ,>U and? analogy ]K:) swift in its course, and making a sound (TA,) and ,(IC)agreeably with 4~~~~ 4 . :)pi. of the second, (,L 1calamiity: ~ g ,) of the measure jcA (TA,) inf. n. 347

and UL*: see UU.



U- W

[Boox I.
· I

(L.) .__. ;~/..;, and t and njU, * .;y, (A, L,,)) t~ ,5JW · He did it lastly, or latterly, or lasa of A ralanitythat p,rese hearily, and distresse. (A.' ) all. (?, A, g.) And 1 ,.d He came lastly, or latterly, or last of all: (A :) or slowrly, tardily, jlU': see bU. or late. (TA.) And 0l JI,. ' L aL :lJ He .Dy: sec jkU. overtook us after the day had declined; (Ibn'Abbid, K;) i.e., he held back from us, and then followed us in haste, fearing escape. (TA.) .

.,.j sce a . -. . ,j' t T7at part of a horn that is aboe the kthe notty portion, to the eztremity: [i.e., the smooth part]. (TA.) -



s 1 t'The spout, or tube, of a jug. (TA.) t A pipe of a tank, or cistern, throngah which the water fosvs: either from or o;, from .. 'Jl as signifying "an internodal portion " of a reed, or

lJl tThe [bronchi, or] 1. ~,,anor. -% (S,) inf. i. &,U, (;, A, ~,) id Pc also signifies Motion in a state of slowneus cane. (TA.) -;il air-pauages of the lung,. (K.) ,..'I or ,.t postploned, delayed, or retarded, it, syn.. .ol; or tardiness. (Zj.) ~ Th also explains .U' as is said to signify the same, in an instance men(8, M, A,' ,e) namely, an affair. (S, M.) signifying Distant or remote. (TA.) tioned by IAqr, in which a poet speaks of the lie male it (a tlbing) to be distant, or remnote; substance resembling lights which a camel in heat put it at a distance; put it, or sent it, away, or [ lii, &c. protrudes from his mouth, and which is called .fir awvay. (TA.) ~,:,U also signifies The See Supplement.] takiny, or reahing, [a thing,] absolutely, or with 4, as coming forth ''lJ1 '~: in which case, tiu hand, or with the extended hand; (A, J;) the word, if ,.1l,- may be a pl., regularly ,, alld so t j:;, (M,h,) and j S;,(Mob, i,) of which the sing. is .; or, if with dammeh to ). 9 iand J.: (IDrd, TA:) or V 3 l, with., 1. , aor. , inf. n. . (S, K) and 4j and the hemzeh, it may be a contraction of .ij', signifies the taking from a distant place; and L;; aRnd t .. ; - (a goat) uttered a sound, use(l as a coil. gen. n., in a pl. sense. (TA.) witliout ., the taking from a near place. (Th, or cry, [or rattled,] and nas excited by desire of ."I A nay, or road. (s.) [Ex.] + >1 TA.) You say, a~,U, inf. n. ,U, I took it, or thefemale: (S:) or uttered a sound, or cry, [or Keep to the wvay, or road. (AC.) 'eah'led it, absolutely, or nith my hand, or with rattled,]twhen ~ 3 excited by desibe of thefemale, (g.,) ,,,/ye.rt'c,lded hand. (TA.) And it is said in the tI traclk, or streah, (Zi ,) in a mountain, (JI,) or at rutthig-time. (TA.) 1 ' ' 's aplearing distinctly therein: of the dial. of HudhI.ur, [xxxiv. 51,] 1 .. ua,,J and ,,1J;l, wvltll and without ., accord. to different readers: ~,,~l t Do not cry out [in my presence litke as eyl: (TA:) Ex. j.l ~ 4. i.' :i [Ie sent (TA :) with ., the word is from o.:JI, the j e-lugoats rattle at rutting-time]. Said by 'Omar along every track of the mountain, or mountains]. blcing chlunged to . because of the dammeh; [so to some persons who had come to make a com- (TA.) [As a coil. gen. n., used in the pl. sense: tHlut the meaning is, But hoe, shall' the attaininy plaint to him. (TA.) - [lence,] ' t le ex.] Milik Ibn-Kihalid EI-Khuli'ecc says, of helief be possilble to them ?] (Zj, Bd ;*) or from . desired sexual intercourse. (TA.)_ ;. a.. *..· ,,. ,. 1. t. _..JU as signifying .Jb.UG see 6 below]; so that t He was !proud,or behaved proudly, and magnithe meaning is the reachiig [or attainingy] from fied himulf. (g.) [On the top of a lofty mountain, tke streaks of nfar: (l3I:) or from A'", meaning, "motion 2. , inf. n. ;, It (a plant) produced a nwhich are green]. (TA.) .t 1A rowv of in a state of slowness or tardiness:" (Zj:) or it trees (K) &c. (TA.) [S.e_ Se l knotted stem. (1K.) .j JI51 .t [ Vterily is firomlil t C~I_U, (Btl,) inf. n. L.~U, (IB, TA,) I a evil, or the elil, to hare grown, like a plant An elevated trarct of land: (K :) one that is fine tignifying I sought, or ouylthtfir or after, the produrcing knotted stenu]. (TA.) (j.j) and elevated: pl.1;l. (TA.) tbing!: (IB, 13B:) [so that tihe alove phrase in th*e I iir. may be rendered liut horn slall the seeking .j.'l An internodal portion of a reed or cane; 4.. I jg. '.ni' t [Le#gtlt of celibacy made of i,elief be possiblo to themn ?] - It also signifies, suchl a portion thereof as iintervenes beteen twro Aim to be desirous of sexual intercourse]. (TA.) ~. joints, or knott: (Lth, S:) i.q. (namenly v_,U,) Tlhe taking [a thling]: and teizing S, [which _- ,..o, inf. n. 'li',, if not a mistake for .Il, signifies riolentlfy: (,A, KI:) or taking in a riolent eizure: as above, and also a joint, or knot,] inf. n. .tLl, meaning "he became pubescent," with reference to a reed, or cane, or a spear-shaft: you say, ,U;, inf. n. _.U, he took hint, or it, in probably signifies lIe nas excited, anul uttered a riolent seizure. (TA.) which w.1, libidinous sounds, with the desire of sexual inter- (i:) as also t ,j.l1 (Ltha, .) and latter is proba;ly a contractionl: (KI:) [sec below:] course. (TA.) Sce R. Q. 1. 6. s, , He, or it, became, or remained, beor the pl. of..t' is ~1 an,d .;: (.:) [or hi;nd; became delayed, or retardedl; it became 5. ~ It (water) was made to flo; or was ,,;l is a coil. gen. n., of whichl thile n. un. is 4,1l, ·-asd. .5. nolptoned; syn. &..U3; (S;) and so A1U';, said set alow,ing. (K.) anld the pl. ~.bUl: see also art. .jl]. of a man; (Bd, xxxiv. .51 ;) and t .Zl, (;, l aket thou the R. Q. 1: see 1. _ . i Ile (a man, TA) [llcnce,] o;' a.~., ,! TA,) said of an affair. (S.) - lie,or it, became talked nonsense, (and uttered libidinous sounds., affair, or case, [uniforpm, or] one unfiorm thing. distanit, or remotle; or he went, remnooed, retired, TA,) in concubitu: (g]:) implying Ilis acting (Fr. i,n TA in art. - [Also, A dseath of a or ,rithdreno himsef, to a distance, orfar away; like a he-goat at rutting-time. (TA.) L_ le plant. See QO l _ And Any kindu of tube. ($, TA;) as also t 'LI. (TA.) - Sce also 1, prolonged kis rwork, to do it well. (I.) in thlree places. Sec $..i. 1 L, A disagreeable, or abominable, smell. (.) 8: see 6, in two places. Probably a mistake for .1; and therefore not 0 30 mentioned by the leading lexicographers. (TA.) ,.uj Strong; overcoming; or prevailing; 1. I.W (K,) ilf. n. ',,, (TA,) lie uttered a (I4 ;) posmreing might or strength, courage, ralour, lonv roice, or sound: or hc (a dog) cried, or barked. . table ('SL) mnsadiofpalm-leares. (Q, A a* or prowess. (TA.) You say also, ,J3; j.J An (]s.) [See .. ] J, _ nor. :, int n. and voce oj', q.v.) orereoming deeree; as also .w13. (TA.) See *, IIe was exalted, or elevatetd l · ,, * ,Jl . · mel . jl ad. .. also art. b,v . ,i or .. l: (I,) see inf. ,l and .j.l1. n. *_ and :.' (,) lie assaulted tem; I




BooK I.] come forth upon then: (V:) like he cane upon thm --


-- ;


5 and d:

(AZ, F.) [See also &t.]

He~ nt forth from a land to another land.

(MF.) and * ; An elevated, or a information,or news. (i.) __ a_ -'.'; a. (in the gur, x. 54) means And they will ak thee protuberant,or gibbous, ilace. (K.) - Hence to inform tAwn, [saying,] Is it true ? (B4) it issaid in a tad., ' j [Pray

($ ' .) .);-[see '" _' s " iq The land brought, or led him: (S, L:) [accord. to Golius, The land broaght, or produced, it: but it is a phrase well known to the learned among the Arabs in the present day, as similar to ol,U 4lj "his dust, or earth, (i.e. the place of his burial,) called him:" and the explanation which I have given is confirmed by the citation, in the S, of the following verse, of HIanash Ibn-M4lik, immediately after #4 o. in the sense of s/&·.:]


. J. 5.5... 9 )I;_J JW! 1vu * v) tk L_J


A ~ ~ ~'


~~ L

,, iL



L. U1



[Then take good care of thyself; for deaths (of various kinds) bring (or lead) a man into every valley (or place): i.e., fate brings him to the place where he is destined to be btaried, whereever it be]. (a.) - 9, aor. :: sec 4. 2. W: see 4. 3. Ali lie acquainted or informned him, and the latter did the same. (]f.) - Also, simply, .tU lie acquainted or inifo.rmed him. (TA.) _, lie quitted their neighbourhood; withdrew to a distancefrom them. (lf.) [See also art. j..]

not upon tits place that it elevated, or protubeLt Information; a piece of information; intellirant]. (K.) gence; an announcement; news; tidings; a piece of newrs; an account; a narrative, or narration; a *i:, (I, in the CK i,) in whllil the , is story: orwhatisrelatedfromanother orothers: syn. sometimes softened in pronunciation, and some· .: (S, M9 b, ]:) it is ginerally held to be syn. times [or rather generally] changed intoj which with j.; but accord. to Er-Righib, signifies is incorporated into the preceding . so that the an announcement of great utility,fromn which re- word is written and pronounced ,j., (TA,) ults eitlerknowledge or a predominanceofopinion, Prophecy; the gift of prophecy; the oficce, or and tre: (TA:) pL s 1. (if.) _4 tJ&Il l,JI function, of a prophet. (MA, K.) Dim. :-_;. [igur, lxxviii. 2,] accord. to some, The Kur-dn: (8, i.) others say, the resurrection: and others, the case act. part. n. of U. _ A bull [app. a of the Prophet. (TA.) - iZ5@ , in the gur, xxviii. 66, (LJ'1 ,· c ;i ) signifies The _j ,. ] that goes afrth frAm one land or allegations, pleas, or excuses. (TA.) country to another. (TA.) - A torrent that comesforthfrom another land or tract. (S.) iL. An eminence, or protuberance,in the eartht, A man coming forth unexlectedly f.r'om an unor ground. (TA.) - ;3 A low voice, or sound: known quarter. (S, A.) - [See also ef..] (S, ~ :) or the cry, or barking, of dogs. (lK.) q[Hore .. - t; *,i. , .i", (S, .K,) pronounced witlh in the dial. ye any current newas? or-nen,r frore a distant of the people of Mekkeh, (S,) whose pronuncia- place? 4fc.: see ;.'l.]. (A.) tion of it is disapproved by Sb on account of its uncommonness; (TA;) by others, 5st, without ,; (y, , TA;) A prophet: (TA:) of the measure ji,'i used in the sense of the measure Joi [i. e. J!A. or JA] (IB) or Jt& (S, Es-Sunoosee)

or Jr,a_; (Es-Sunoosce) i. c., nwiw acquaints or i;tforms a ankind, (S;K, TA,) or n'ho is acquainted or infbrp;med, respecting God and things unseen: or accord. to some, it is derived fiom ;e. and bipb, or told him, of it: (] :) or these verbs, j't signifying "elevation ;" (see art. .' ;) followed by I'l,signify he made him to kno7w it; in which case it is originally without .: or, and followed by W,he informed him, or told him, ., in a sense given accord. to others, from ol' it. (TA.) - Es-Sciecen says, that .li and below; that of "a conspicuous way." (TA.) and ad .j.l and a .., wrhen they coiivcy the In .J,s1. It is a less special word tlhan J-'j [wlhen thereby are said to be like ItL.I ;jm. and meaninlg of klnowletlge, are triply transitive, or Aboo-'Amr and the iur, xxiii. 20, Ibn-Kethleer, is meant an apostle of God]; for every J_J is nay govern three objective complements, the others, . ': but Uij is a J"'. (TA.) Pi. El-Hadremee read .: greatest number that any verb can govern: (TA:) a j', but not every ISd says, that, accord. to the former reanding, [ex. 1, S l ITL.ti acquaintedZeyd tlat o 'i;(S, If, without ,, because the s is changed into some hold -s, which follows * , to be re'Almr was standing]. - It is also said, thlat t W i in the sing., ,) and 'U (S, K, likc.LS, [pl. of dulndant; and others hold that . is underhas a more intensive signification than Wl: ex. _45] TA,) and .Wl [K, these two preserving stood after -. Fr holds them to be sin. the original radical *] and =, (,) without· : (TA.) - ;a... aM... .; z Ie, B or it, gre h/ath acrquatited thee with this? lIe said, The (TA:) but some proinoinced tllhe first and last of good manner, condition, or state. (L.) in a hilonming, the intelligent(God), hath aln'rized me: these pls., in the Kur-in, with .; though the It (a girl's breast) becamne more approved pronunciation is without .. (TA.) *-':, inf.n. .,: 1ur, lxvi. 3]. (TA.) - Sb has mentioned Ui swlelling, prominent, or protuberant. ((.) The dim. is Cs5', (, ,) with those who make .zj..'l [for J.l 1;I] as used for the sake of o,.1l .' j, and t i l, The land produced, conformity in sound with a preceding word. the pl. £;. [or :.I ]; but with those who make or gave gr,owth to, plants, or herbage. (S, I.) it is s'. (I.) - Ai Arab of (M, TA.) [Sec nrt. i. ] m .S .]c ecast, the pl. ,til, 2. c.' , inf. n. C. , I Hefed or nourished, or shot, but did ,oIt s,ldit, or cleave, or make a the desert said to MIohammad, ijUl s. i , and or reared or brought up, a child: ($, f:) he slight cut, or scratch: (S, ] :) or, did not pene- the latter disapproved of his pronouncing .,.' in nourished a girl, and nursed her up well, hoping trate. (IJ.) this case witll , because, as it signifies An emigrant, he meant thereby to call him an emigrant that she might p,r·o.ft excellently. (TA.) _ b. .;i, (i, If,) said to have been pronounced .tL·.# * £...i~ [: Plant the term of tihy lijc from Mekkeli to El-Mecdeeneh. (', IS, TA.) J; with · universally; (Sb, S;) but in the L, (lit. between) thine eyes; i. e., keep it ever before (TA;) le arrogatedto himsfel the gyt of' pro- : 5 A conspicuous, an evident, or a clear, n,way. He ., inf.n. (1].) Hence, accord. to some, the apostle tor before thee]. (S.) phecy, or office of a prophet. (L, g.) rather prophet] is so called, because lie is the planted a tree. (M, S, I.) - He soned seed, 10. 1I i.jlwl He out, or scarched after, conspicuous, evident, way, that conducts to God. (M,) or grain. (A.) 1 347.

4. 11 and .jl, 4, (and r, S, g, art. ,. ;) and *i (S, .K) 1t and . t , (aS, TA,) each Ibllowed by olt or ti; (TA;) lie i,formed

and n (,M, M,I,) aor. ,, inf. n. 1.: ', "; [which two ns. see mentioned as substs. ;] (M;) and :..' t l; (Fr, S, l ;) and * < ; [respecting which last see below;] It (a thing, M, or a leguminous [or other] plant, .S, K,) grew; grentforth; sprouted; veqetated; or g/erminated. (S, M, If.) As disallows * - .l in this sense; but AO allows it, alleging the words t , l3 . im ' [Until, ,rhen of Zuheyr, JiUdl* the leguminous plant. grewl. .;> .: and '

.., which ;,'. [,) inf. n. "'i [for (S, ,4. occurs, as shown below], (TA,) He (God) caused it, or made it, (a plant) to grow, vegetate, njl, inf. n. °l; 'rr germinate. (?, g.) fi, whicel inf. n. .t, occurs in the 1ur, iii. 32; anrl lxxi. 16; HRe (God) caused a child to llis (a boy's) , grow. (TA.) - See 1. 1K ;) he haming (?, hair of the pubes grewforth; ntearly attained the age of puberty. (TA.) Hle (a boy) became hairy: and in like manner a girl. (Mgtb.) 6: see 1. 10. 'A:;.1 [lie endeavoured to mahe it grow, or vegetate, or germinate]. (TA, art. ,-.t.) [IHe grew it, or raised it, by means 4 t ° '. jof.eed], and L,$)2 [by means of date-stones],

[BooK I.



iJT [by

means of planting]. (Mgh, art.

.4 There grewv up unto them young ii..; ;.,, [see below]: (K:) or a kind of thorny J, that became conjoined to the trees, having branchle and leave, with afruit of off. pring, ( 1,) old, and increased their number. (TA.) Dim. the kind called q, i.e., round; called in 'Omtin - (L-- L;cS s[Verily j..4: n. un. witih : AHIn says that there are (S.)' two species of ,(g^; opring]. an evil one are such a one of these is a kind of the sons of How good is the thorny and short trees, also called 3t [q. v.] -'t! C ij~ .- _.Li u manner, condition, or state, in which grow having a fruit resembling a bubble, in rhich are (Jl"sl) ,·ed gains, having an astringett effect upon the 4~ ti, see 1,) the camels .c., ( d..e bon,el.s, used as a medicine; the othler species is a and children of the sons of such a one ! - Li large spccies rof trees: ISd says, An Arab of the (TA) and -t. [)l. of the former] (S, K) In- desert, of tile tribe of Itabeep, described to me ah [a tree] resembling a large aplple-tree, experienced youn men. (.S, K.) You say, Lj. the i.. of which are smaller than those of the leares the -i.,,, Tltis is the saying of .JI j0, and J. inthan the jj, inexperienced young men. (TA.) -_ %l.JIThe apple, having a fruit smaller or grains, nwith sweet, intensely and black teinsely name of a certain sect who tntroduced strange or balances: scales, into put are nwhich stones, innovations in Jl-lsldm. (A, TA.) El-Jadhi.dh [evildently meaning the clrob, or locust-tre, (see couples them with the ~l;. (MiF.) -r),,) whlence our term " carob," applied to a -'--'1: sec . small weight, the twenty-fourthl part of a grain].

(AZ, ,K;) i.e., He dug ,oith the .;; i.q. ; '. A place in which plants, or hand. (AZ, S.) (TA.) _lie ' n. , aor. -, inf. herbs, growa: (S, K:) dev. from the constant tookforth, or dug out, dust, or earth, from a well course of speech: analogically it should be They searched. 1 I. or a river. (L) -,;.1 (K:) as thce aor. of the verb from ':" or sought, for, or after, the thing; inquired rewith kesreh which it is derived is not , it; sought for information respecting it; specting A people of the highest rank, lj& ! 1 as it; like examples' other are there but searched into, inquired into, inrestigated,scrutior nobility, anid a people wthose property has lhowever, also sometimes nized, or examined, it. (TA.) _ ;, [aor. ',] ; &c.: t , yrown to the most flourishing state by means and of their own execrtions. (L, from a trad.) ., lIe wvas an,y y. (a..) inf. n. occurs. (TA.) [Pl. l.o.] a;e The manner, form, state, or condition, s',jl [Land abounding nith plants, or ; l in r'hich a thing grows, or germinates. (L) &c.) herbage]. (1, voce ., L",! :..m s.~ Verily he, or it, is of a goodly .z (contr. to analogy, %, [for, -- ,])A ina ncr, 'c., of growth. (L.) plant caused to groyv, or germinate. ($, K.) [Sugar-candy; so -- J' , J : see ;. Firmly rooted; syn. 1.aA . (TA.) '.,.' culled in the present day;] an admirable hind of stgar, of which are made pieces resembling ~., (1,)the latter so written, ; 4 J.and -.A crystal, inteusely white and lustrous: app. Persian, not as being so originally, but for the sake of post-classical. (MF.) iand agreement in sound [with respect to the first and despicor second vowels], (AHei,) a subst., signifying contemptible, and Vile, ~ ; abls: (Ll, g :) said of a man, and of a thing. IVhat grows, or germinates, of slender (i.e. small, (TA.) In some copies of the I, and in the L, TA,) trees, [or shrubs,] and large: (K :) ex., instead of L, we read f', [accord. to which, ; Uhe meaning is vile, and poor]. (TA.) I .

and t ;L; [properly coll. gen. n9.] are sVIn., (,., K,) [signifying A plant, a herb: and plants, herbs, or herbage:] whatever God cause to gron, vegetate, or germinate, in the earth: (Lth:) the latter is an inf. n. used as a subst.: (Lth:) or it is a subst. which is used in the place of an inf. n. of ;.!t: (Fr:) n. un. of the former of which ;;i; (AlIn;) [and of the latter a.; in this art., I the in ithe pl. ,jU1. is mentioned and frequently occurs in other works]. - 0,1

- :O,igin, or race, [from which a man (L [See J3 and.,;


springs;] syn. Jl. (L.) So in tle phrase uAJ £ ~ i Verily he belongs toan excellentrace;is ,j ofan excellent origin]: andsointhephrase..t$l J [of the most generous of origins, or races.] ;~.e 1.

, aor. · , inf. n. j';


t ,;1,5.;)

i, z ii; t Thgey searched into each other's secrets. (A.)
6. dl

.i"l: see 1. - lie took; receirld into his 8. hand. (.g.) - He tucked up the shirts of his shirt, or the like, when sitting on the ground. (}j.) or the like) increased in size (1S) in _ It (J. the water: (iK:) as also -,:i. (TA.) Ie H eI-;.I examined Iis 10. :.; (A.) secret. his brother resplecting .:) a trace, A trace, vestige, or mark: (g (TA.). pli. (A:) or mark, of digging: J. j #.& .; #. LIJ I sawn not the man himself, 1Di. Lec I or the thing itself, nor any trace of him, or it.


1we *J
.-tk --. ..



.. '


..... L

sing. of .3SI, which latter signifiies or of large trees] : (TA:) young shoots of palm'i.; tne ridges that are raised along the edges of trees: (IKtt:) the prickles and branches that (in the CK, are cut of#friom a palm-tree, to lighten it. rivulets such as are called o.t being expi. (AIln, as from 'Eesa Ibn-'Omar.) - Pieces of O~k~) to retain the water: ,.LJI ofa camel. (L.) the hump by ot of a L,/l: so in the L, &c.: in several & by Oj.JI : see . .L/al, of place the in read, copies of the VCwe (.TA.) a mistake. mistale, this is but - 1: but ;s1 ,., [coll. gen. n.] A cortain species of trees: , , · (,TA.) is a this Lt.mAlA:

(L-) _ Se (


The dust that an animal digs up with its

feet in running. (TAar.) - t- -i (S, g) and (L) The dust, or earth, that is . and V taken forth, or dug out, from a well or a river:


(S, L, 1:)

pl. of the first, 5.

. (A.) -_.

and t 1 . Earth, or dust, taken forth, or dug : and l ,LWhat is fresh, or new, of (s:) poppy-plants; syn. V i. other trees of a large kind: or the trees called out, from a well or a river. (L.) . anything, when it i small. (TA.)

? iS


Boos I.] Flesh-meat buried by a beast of prey against the wtvich fresh milk is mixed up, or beaten up, in the (lKh.) [Sec also tint of want. (lAth, from a trad.) manner exp)lained voce .. A speciea of ea-fish; accord. to IAar; but it is e; also said, on his authority, that it is called ,ttli: see Li. therefore it seems that one of these two words is a mistake for the other,.or that they are two dial. 1U~i:: see . (TA.) in art. . forms. See also ,


' .l.l,


&c,.i:) or



wwhich latter form is related by IAth as

the one retained in the memory, a certain kind of .L.', so called in relation to a place named .jt.e.'l; of wool, having a nap, or pile, rwithout a border; one of the meanest kinds of coarse garments: its 1, accord. to some, is an augmenta.i and .F Tihe f,.uit of a certain Indian tive letter. (TA.) ;, t Very bad, evil, wnirked, or corruq,t: tree, (K,) which is preserved, or mnade into a con(19:) appilied to a mail: (TA :) the latter word : see fectiopn, wvith honey; in form like tlhe peach, wvith is an imitation sequent to tihe former. (S, allnd .d andl the head edged ((_j ); [but this seems rather to some copies of the .K.) =,i, d, ;.v; , 1 [lle revealed the elicited secret of the apply to a kind mentioned below, resembling the almond;] it is brought to EVI-'Irdk; and has nor. . and ', [tlhe forrlmer of which, 1. , people, and their elicited secrets]. (A.) -_.A . within it a stone like that of the peach: (L:) an accord. to tile Msb, seems to be more common,] *>j :tL; t[Between thenm are entnity and arabicized word, from [the l'ersian] 1 [or 1]. inf. n. , and atn and C. aud ( K) secrets elicited]. (A.) (K.) _- Ience S ,it. , (L,) withl kesreh to the and c (L,) and ct;, (K,) the last having an ,, Ifedical cofcecrions: app. an arabicized word: intensive and frequenitative signification, (TA,) a: see ~. (s:) or co.fections,or preserres, madle with honey, lie (a dog, S, L, K) barked. (L.) - Also, ·. . 1 i3.d'I A certain game (played by chiltlren, TA,) ,f the ., and and a1. the like. (L.)(sometimes, S,) t:said of a gnzelle, (T, S, KI,) in wnhich sonmething is buried in a hole dulg inlthe Accord. to AiIn, .1 is the ianme of Certain when he has advanced in years, and his hoins yround,andhe who tahesitforth rins thea tme. ( .) trees abounding in Arabia, in the districts of have branchedl forth: (T:) and Iof a he-go;t, 'Omdan; planted; they are of two hinds; one t,f (K,) in coupling-time: (L:) and I of a serpent; O;:: see . these has afruit resembling the almond, which is (K ;) meaning he uttered a cry, or sound: (L:) l A a;j d> 1[The occasions msweet from the commencemnent of its goronwth; the also : of a hoopoe, (4,,,) inf. n.. , signifying Damask appearawe like tilw other has a fruit in °of age: (L:) byt reason harsh cry, uttered a it for the scrutiny of their conduct appeared, and plum (~..,.l), is at first sour, and then be- and tof a lion, inf. n. Wt, signifying he utteredl their evil qualities were not hidden]. (A.) comes swect when ripe: each has a stone, and a cry (L, K) like the barking of a help. (Ahoohas a sweet odour: the fruit of the sour hind is Khieyrehi, L.) and , (T, , di. pressed don,n in jars, or ea rthr'n pots, [....t. Msb,) and t a.U;, (T,) The dog barked at him. . , lie uttered a loud, ilnf. n.. 1. nor.', a, '01t--- aot e f,.esh, and kept until so I read for _I._. :] whie ,,j.j t [Suac a one is inf .n. it attains to a ripe state, vwhen it becomnes as (Msb.) _- r 'Y or rehement voice, or cry. (TA.)-i not howled at nor barked at]: i.e., hy reason ot Pepeil, certo m,nedo: (TA:) i,,t: n. . , though it were the banana, int its odour and taste: his weakness, no account is taken of him, nali the. tree grows great so as to becomne like the e ensit;; yt,'i i pepedlit. (8, .)_ rreplitum neither good nor evil is said to him. (L.)_ barked; nwalnut (j~), whifch it resemables also in its leaves: , Ic (a (dog) , inff. n. . Cl and lIe (a poet) satirized. (A.)(S, p.) - - l:e mixed upl, or beat and wvhen it attains to perrction, the snweet [fitit] ;'J,- : Tlhy revilings reached, or orc,rtook, mne. (L.) i.. . is yellow; and the bitter, [or sour,] red. (L.) tl;,until it became'froth, tup, fresh milk, with a 3: see 1. · $8 ·.. g in which state it is eaten i?ith dates, taken t ip wtith sece three finCers. O()ly the Benoo-Asad did thlis. 4. 't .-. and .. l,"lie H made him (a dog) . , .. [ O .t .l Doughi that has become in a state of to bark: (S, :) ,lt1 t i ,w &c. (TA.) e m;ixed upl _ (1 Kh.) he excited, or fermentation, and i,jlated, or snollen, ($, K, induced, the dog to bark: said of a man when, and t lilk nsixed up, or beaten and sour: (TA:) in some books written with l having lost his way, he imitates the bark of that with , accord. to but heard fromn the Arabs i)p, in the manner exrplained iort'e .. (IKhI.) animal, in order that a dog may hear Ilim, and, anid others: (S:) and Abu-l-Gbowth Aboo-Sa'ced Arabs /f;n,d *.f the t hin,7d andl i C _ imagining him to be a dog, may bark, and so (S, IS. .. ) guide him. (L.) Said also of a guest, [or one in the time (f ))ga,nism, (in seasons of dearth, or there is no word like it except who would be a guest, and who desires to guide famine, TA,) nmade by mixing up, and beating .. . Also, A mess of himself to a place of entertainment]. (A.) [See : see . u'p, u"fi camel's hair (j.) wlth millk. (I.) broken, or crumbled, bread, ( ",) in ich is an ex. cited, from the poet El-Aikhltal, voce l Lo,ud, or vehement, in voice, or cry. (S, K.) [omne degree of] heat. (g.) _tli anid t LJi A dog that barks much; (g;) 10: see 4. . f =S,(S, ]K,) the latter word being j,s a loudt-barkingdog. (S.) [See 5.] = t [The ty.' Tihe clamour, cotfused noise, or mixture ~, for [mixing formed after the manucer of &l.-~ antd -Iti", itooden implemneat called] a of voices, of a tribe, (S,) or of a people, (.,) and (8,) and ~. 1, rel. ns. of _, each with u, (gK) ,c.; (TA;) also called ,q]. ~. the barkinys of their dogs, (S, l],) and the cries fet-hah to the -, contr. to nialh,)gy, (.i,) the .. (El-Muf-,!!hlal.) [See also ~..] anld of their other animals. (A.) - Subseqlently latter disallowed by IKt, but occurring in a trad. put in the llace of !.Multitu(le, and mtight, or and in poetry, and not to be disallowed because :Jq.l The anus; syn. . (s, gK.) ponwer: (S:) and signifying a numerous ns. j Pepedit. (S.) it. .i A wooden contr. to analogy, since there are many sucl rel. se,nbly. (I.) El-Akhtal says, .i~j.j and $Sj1j &c., (TA,) A retrain rJ immplement at the end of,hich is a thing renembling ns., as [or the round head of a spindle], wikth kind of L.L, so called in relation to a plare a 'A



[BooK L. 1

of Er-Ruasee, by Fr, who says that he had not heard it trom the Arabs, but that the authority K,) He (S, L, MOh, inf. n. aor. :, 1. a.iS, of its transmitter is worthy of reliance, (TA,) (e.) cast, threw, or flung, it away, as a thing esteemed and 9 *_i;il; (L, 1 ;) tHe made beverage of of no account or imnyortance: this is the original Yt¢ A dog that barks much. (A.)(S, A, L, .K.)_ Also, the kind called . A man (L) having a vehement, or loud, voice. signification; and in this sctese it is mostly used (L, 1.) -? 1 · ". wit (Er-Rgighib:) he cast, thren,, or I1.3 .", (Lb, lAth, L,) and .et, (IAth, L.) , witi 4ammch, (15,) or l. in the k5ur-an: (L, .) _ * flung, ii(9, A, L, Msb. K )from his hand, (S, L,) and t j..t, but this is seldom used, (1.utr, L., ) that cooes (. (as in the L) t A hoopoe (s..) before him or behind him: (L, 1 :) and he cast, ISk, and others, and L,) and * ;;. , (L,) 1 HI i I A gazelle that cries threw, or flung, it far away, or to a dixtane.: made, of the dates, and of the grapes, beverage of mnuch. (IAar, 15.) -the same (L :) and (so in the L; but in the K, or) he east, the kind called j; much, or often: (IApr:) and ?1'. (Lh, L;) he left the dates, White, threw, or flung it in any manner: (L, 1 :) t .' and the grtapcs, in water, that it might become appliod to the female. (AA, B.) _l.. has teshdeed given to it to denote frequency, beverage of the kind so called. (lAth, L) (TA:) small [thells such as are called] ..: or repetition, of the action, or its application Also, I'.. 1 t lie made for hinself that beverage. of small, white [she/ll sueh as are called] ,.i, to many objects. ($, A, L.) - d.lS. i. IIe (A.)- a . i t-Such a one boils against Mekkeh, (T, 1, TA,) i.e. broughtfrom Mekkeh: thlrew hit signet from his hand. (L, from a . (A.) ~ ;, me like [the beverage called] , (TA:) put into [necl/aces such as are caUed] .; - (K.ur, iii. 184) ,; ,,p. trad.) and used for repeUing .ji (41, TA) and t [lit., And they cast it behind their backs;] means [aor. ,] (s, L, K,) inf. n. i (L, 1) and iJI, (S, K,) It (a vein) pulbed; (L, 15;) a dial. form the [evil] eye: (TA:) n. un. with ;. (41.) and they did not observe it; (namely, their cove(S, L.) is of ,,.. nant;) they disregarded it. (Beya.) tY: see &. both byact and by word; having for its objects both 2: see 1. . say .JI (L:) you accidents: and substances O~/t A dog havieg a loud bark. (LI.) ¥jUa,, lie bargained with 3. *jyU, inf.n. S IIe disaolredthe league, or covenant, and cast it thou to mte the garment, or by saying, Throw him ,, from him to him with whom he had made it: A barking dog: pl.1 U ., L, 15,) or other article cloth, (A'Obeyd, piece of t LA (A, L, Mqb :0) and J and a, . (L.) and of merchandise, (A'Obeyd, L,) or I will throw it d*I 1 [Each party of to thee, and the sale shall become binding, or LetS LjA3 CSbJI aJ &s~ _m;~: see U. thlem cast from him, to the other, the league, or settled, or concluded, for such a sum: (A'Obeyd, covenant, by nhich they had made a truce; i. e., L, 1K :) or, by throwing to another a garment, or s- ' Jj . A man likened to a dog. (L.) each party of them rejected it, or renounced it, to piece of cloth, tihe other doing the like: ( Lh, L, 1g :) (L.) A mnan reviled ;, U the other]: (T:) and ~..l I j, and or, by saying, IVhen thou thronwst thy commodity, S lie cast from him the league, or covenant, to or when I throw my commnodity, the sale is bitulSThey ing, or settled, or conclded, for such a sum: the enemy, and dissolved it: 'and 1 1.. mutuallycastfromthlnselcestheleayue,orcovenant, (Mb :) or, by saying, Vhen I thtrow it to thee, lie sowed in a land such as is called 4. 41 .&... or when thou throwext it to nce, the sal is binding, as, and dixsolved it. (A.) See also 38... (1;, TA.) ;.'. or settled, or concluded: (Mgh, art. m. :) or, J~ S [lit., lIe cast my affair behind his bach; Tbe 'small-poz; (?;) in an absolute sense: by suying, IFheen I throw the pebble (L, 1K) to meaning,] he did ntot perform my affair; (A;) (TA:) or the small-tpo of sheep or goats 4c., thee, (L,) the sale is binding, or ettled, or eoni. j _ ., h/e neglected it. (Msb.) cluded: (L, 1 :) or by another's throwing a pebble (1K,) Blisters, (1i,) - Also, (g, 1],) and t 1 Such a woman thren, out a goodly, beautiful, or or putules that fill with water, on the hatnd, &..lJI and and ; to him: (L:) ;jL.JI aRd Qt" i ' (A.)- .,W' 1 (S, 1,) occasioned by work: (]K:) when they pretty, saying. ;) as .JL.l signify the same; (Mgh,, .~~JI break, or dry up, the hand becomes callous by :~ZI, S I threw to him the salutation. (A.) also LLJ'I ! -: (A:) such bargaining is forwork: [a coil. gen. n.:] n. un. withl ;. (TA.) I. ,k L t. [I had such a thing as it were thrown Also t &; Marks offire, [or blisters occasioned to me; I had it thronn in my wcay;] I had it bidden. (L.) - I_Jlj, inf. n. ;jeit,; and Tihy retired, each of the two parties, ',.~JI; b by burning,] upon the body. .offered, or presented, to me, the meeting with it , and .. apart, in war. (L,15.) - ... ajJI ' being appointed, or prepared; as also A see t. .. ,'J:._s ' £., He retired from them to a 1 1 To God (be attributed . .' (A.)__ place aside, or apart, in war, for a just purpose, thl mother that brought thee the excellence of) ia.j' A hill, or mound, such as is called -ti;: ., TT,) thy (jU, in the 'Eyn for war, ( :) ot eleoated ground: (TA:) or eleated and forth!] (A.) - ~- He threwforth earth or dust doing the like: (Lth, T, L:) or these two phrases, loose ground, not consistingof and, but of hardand [in digging a hole &c.]; as also %-;.. (A.) See ;,. -._ j. He threw dates or raisins into followed by .,, J.1, are used when there is stony eartA: (Tb, V :) pl. Ui..: (1 :) it has a also between two parties at variance a covenant, or broken pl. of the clas proper to subets. because it a bag or thin, atd poured water upon them, and and they desire is an epithet in which the quality of a subat. pre. left the liquor until it fermented and became in- league, or a truce, after fighting, toxicating: (T:) [or, simply, he steepd dates or to dissolve the league,or covenant, and each party (TA.) dominate. to the other: thus, raisins in water; for the beverage thus made, casts it from him (;j.) A proud, a haughty, or an imperious, called LaL_ ., was not always left until it became 1I .Lso J k.'~L4, in the ]iur, [viii. 60, lit., [Verily strength, or eminence, or lorddiip, and multitude, and might, or power, belong to Ddrimn].








intoxicating, as is shown by several trads.] _ I-;:* i, (9, L, 15, &c.,) the most usual form i Rude, coarm, rough, gro; (K;) an epithet of the verb, (.1Kz,) aor. , only; (MF;) and ,3, Dust of 9 .j., (A, L, K,) and 9 .Jl, (L, ]5,) a form applied to a man. (TA.) - t.. a dusky colour, and abundant. (L, 1.) [See an used by thei vulgar, (S, IDrst,) and rejected by * a..' TI and others, but mentioned, on the authority ex. voce CA, art. man: (9,:)pl.i$l;. (.)

A speaker. (.)

cast thou Jrom thee, to them, their league, or covenant, in an equitable, or jut, manner,] meau, announce thou to them that thou hast diuolved the league between thee and tiem, so that they may have equal knowledge with thee of the disolving thereof and of the returning to war:

BOOK I.] (T, L:) .l.
-i U here signifies hiJl
* 0., i-


).i,) until it becomes strong; (Msb;) hemz: primitive i-.A or the like, that is lft (le ) l. expressedjuice, eing cing sing. (T, S,A, 9,) aor. :, (8,1K,) inf. n. 1.,., j;;iIj:(Lh:) ,5.jt .qUialso signifies heb5for for a time to acquire strength]:(L, 1:) it is He, T,) it, (anything, A,) or ., (a man, ,($,) [ made war with himopenly; (S, L, Myb;) and aid measure raimd, aid that this word is originally of the 4,.-~~~~~~~~~~~' aimd, aied, or elevated, a thing: (T, 8, A, ] :)or jj 4 1 4 (L:)and . .U )*a& in is syn. with .. r 1 r the specially the raisingof the voice: (MF, J9 &., but that in the sense of the measure J10" gnifies them openly, inan t t ihas become obsolete in this latter sense, and, .om tith they made mar _ fi iomthe first part of the Keshsh.if:) or the risingof .t* LU J.0.1 a declaringtheir hostile intention, Lpplied t,hevoice; sowiththeArabs;andone says manner, eitable to the beverage, is used as thoutgh it were evoice;sowiththeAmbs;andonesays,t,%.#, i1Je.D, .. . so that it was equally known to their enemies and L L primitive substantive, as is shown bY the form inf if the mnan spoke in a high meaning, , if.n. .

5-, t themselmes. (L.) See also 1. - j"L1i 1t acted )f )f its pl., (M, F,) which is IX; (, .L, MF;) ime: Apostle and.', in£n. o,, he (a man) (IAmb:) meon: *. t or adversely to, br contrarily to, or differentlyfrom, a word of the measure J5as in the sense of itered for ttered a sound: (A:) and [tihe inf. n.] ;.' , them; or was, or became, contrary to, or different 1e has n<t this form of pl.: significi; he measure Jyax ignifici; ignifies tlae cryingout, or shouting, fronim friight, sb.) (M syn..,l.. :) wine e'.cpressedfrom grapes is also called 'MF (MF from, or adverse to, tiem; or r fear: (T, 1~:) and "J'$ , the singer's . is raising is also called ,_: [Lit-, , like as i 4: seel. r aising a high pitch. to a low from his voice did E oic. ( :] 6: see is with n. un. a col]. gen. n.,and its , (i,M, A, n,) aor. -, 1col]. ,1 $, ($, .. ) lIe went, withdrew, or retired, lignifies 8. j;.W M, ., (S,M,) lie pronounced the MI, ]g,) inf. n. lit., a portion thereof. ( ~ lignifies some himseparated others; from apart, or aside, teter titer . with he,n (, ). (, M, A, .) (L) (Mfb, (Msb, art. _.) See also j,. c#,~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ self fromi others. (S, A, L, 1g.) i.";j'. [The dlo not pronounce [The tribe of .Kureyshl] ' withdrew, or retired, GL%. (4~ur, xix. 10,) Shet (.) A man said to the Prophet, t'ith helm. (S.) a and 3,4. i...i: see to a place apartfrom her family, (L, Msb,) far [0 Prophect of God]; and he said WI, 'i . [0 lie witihtdre, s, away. (Myb.) SW [One who throws things away often, or SW tite ft7-j-'J;, i. e. Pronounce not thou my iaa me Aem\ . or retired,from his people. (M.) quickly]. See ;1_. = ;W [One rho makes, vith hemz: (M:) for the tribe of 1Sureysb did not quickly). 0 a.]. wonounce art. (S, 1g, or selb, the beverage called lie went aside. (T.) See 1. - And see :.Jj! or pronounce with hemz. (TA.) And when El)I A ; in art. Kabdee Mahdee Mabdee performed the pilgrimage, he preferr,ed El-Kisjiee to recite the prayers in EI-Medeench, EI-KisAce ;) L:) little; a snall quantity; (~,A,L,I Jr oj~ A pillow, or cutshion; (Lb,S, A, L, atid of that city disapproved of his people 1 the and ade >a orf wealth, or property; (S, A, L;) upon ivhich one reclines, or sits: so called beztpon pronouncing pronouncing with hemz, asking him wherefiore as also t d [which is a word much used thougha cause it is throwni upon the ground to be sat lie lie did so in reciting the .iur-in in the mosque I find it explained in few lexicons); (L, TA;) upon: (L:) pl. 4i - (A.) Ex. ,Sh; 19 of of the Apostle of God. (TA.) sat bhecsaluse watai little is thrown away, and dis[7`hey sat cross-legged upon the p)ilOlwS, 8. .j~1 J.14t 17`4ey It (a heap of wheat) rose, by additions. regardled: (A:) and in like manner, of aherbage, cu4hionx]. (A.) or cushions]. 0 (the body, M31, g, and a wou,nl, It (T.) (T.) and of rain, and of hoariness or hoary htair, srcollen. (T, M, A, I..) (6,A, L,) &ce.: (L:) and a small number of cast out by its inother (T, S, L, T, A) sirelled; became A rhildl e A It (the mouth, TA,) became blistered, or inen: (A, L:) and the latter wbrd, a piece, or Msh, Msh, K) in the road, (r, S, L, K,) on the, portion, of a thing, suci as a, perfutne : (L:) pl. orcti.xioii occasion of her bpriniging itforth, and wvhich a vesirated. (K, TA.) And o ,mrI His arm, of the former, Itic: (L, K1:) [and of the laitter, 3luitlipa Mluslin picks up and m,aintains; wlhether a or hand, became blistered. ($, A.) - lIe (tihe The refuse bastaril IS) ascended the _ M, and th o 1(, TA) t eM, _ CJI L :bastardl or lanffally begolten; (T, L ;) a foundlbaser the of suchi may not be called a bastard [or pulpit]. (M, ]g.) it'g: (L, RK:) litig: of thte people; (TA;) mixed people because its kiii may be establishied: (T, L:) also, sort. (Ii, TA.) 0 j..j I, (T, ,)whichi signifies Heops, ofy j sing..of tt a bastard; (L, K ;) because such is cast away se dJa....... . * .~ ,. _ sce l. izF: in 6j )# syn. ,,.-1, (L) and t (M, 1,)or a collection, (M1, S,) ot' in the road: (L:) fein. o H l e sat aside, or apart. 3.e; _q, Idl(l , (S, M, 1g, MS,) meaning of wheat, nd,l ot (A, L:) pl. mnase. and 3o.4L; (L;) ., j (S, A, L. Mt.b , : barley, [or othier corn,] and of dates: (M. :) or j;W. (A.) _ °.ek and ; nnd pt of iind and S. :see Z,: [in [in the TA, and] granaries (ot,!) of. t,1: (in [in tt A ewe or othier animal (L) that is not the present day, a granary:] what is called ; Cast, thron,, or Jlung, [4c.; see 1;] so eatcii,'by eateu, by reason of its leanness: (L, ]R:) ,g when being also called .~ because the *", . -, (L.) But see below. M (;) i. q. , poured called because it is cast away. (L.) in its pllace, rises: anid the pl. pl. [i. c. pl. The earth or dust that is thron forth fron a J" e n lie (Miohammad) prayedl ulpon the of el c .kipl. ,: also Of as dug; lt. (T.) - ]k1 also signifies hole or the like that is. of j.'t ] is tomib of afoundlinw: or, accordl. to another readtoinb .4 .4,,;terchant'.vinaga--itte,orcha?pabej., Z3L;. (A,* L.) Ya.koob asserts, that the j is ) in .4 merchant's mnagazine, or chamber, ( , meaninge, upon a tohb apart, whicis Jtiv mcanitity rim p i !a incy Ulp, his pile s or orider, in together, puts he Iwhich SA kind a substitute for a.. (L.) -e 1. (L,) or distant, (1,).fromi other tomsJ; (L, 1F;) goods. goods. (L,) that added, it is 9, the [ln K.) (M1, 9. of bewrage, made of dates, and of ;aiJi/u; i. e., like an expression occhurring in another trad., the sing. is .¢i:but this addition seems to he like must; alnd of honey; i. e., mead; and of wheat, es he pased by a tonbafpartflsom misplaced: oe m rt misplaced: for j..I in the last of the senses here J if barey, c.; i.e. weort: (L:) or made of OtAer and (L.) explained, tomrabs. other (L.) [explained, as well ns when lapplied to a g,ranary. i. e. , w diatea, or of raisins, wichlr one throns (a and andl to a collection of .. eb, alppears to be a dl. a r whence its nappellation,) into a vesrel or ,i,. ;*' ;" ;i : lie is far from his house. witliout withiout a sing.] , ainof rwater, and leaoes until it ferments [A mian &c.,] asile, naet g an .iL,Mgh) and becomes intoxicating, (A.) T, L, or (A.) _ risingfromn a thitig. (M, A,K.) Anyth/ing .7- Anything others; (L;) [See fito. or not o long as to become intoxicating: before it or apart, or separate, L.) Lq. .. - A swelling in the body. (3I, 1 has beeome so, it is a lawful beverage: (T, L:) also r jand see a verse of Lebeed, voce a or 1 i"A [meaning the so,nd, or the character, :o whether intoxicating or not, it is thus callted: . ,..-' *...s calletlj. c,. see .: ,, leallel]. (T g , ]-.) see (L:) or it is thus called because it is left be I

*... .




The pulpit of the [in a mo.que] (M, TA:) so called because of its hleight: (

M, A, g :) [pl. ' C.]
j,.: see j0-.-

JP&: .

p.*JIl JJL...JI: see thie first paragraph of ar t.

j.;.* Pronounced nnth hemz (· ). (T ) *_- , EjSi, and t ;.-- i.q. J [i. e. Poe, of vwhich the verses end with heimz].

1. J.', aor. , infn. i, lie called him, or named him, by a by-name, surname, or nickname hle by-named him, surnamed him, or nickname, him; svn. .Li; (8, Msb, ];) mostly signifyin 1 he called him, or named himn, by a nickname, ntame of reproach, or an opprobriousappellation (TA;) as also t *.: (K :) or the latter is witl teshebdeed to denote muchness, or frequency, o repetition, of the action, or its application to nany objects: you say, tj Such a one bhy-names, surnatmes, or [rather] nick. aames, the children; syn. ",-. (..) .'" is also syn. n,ith jJJI ; (I4 ;) or is lilche the latter. :d 5 e secr J; (AHn, TA;) ifn the K, . ( et. .)_[ pp. t I,e endearour inf. n. ., ]. which is a mistake; (TA;) [lie tntanged the (TA ;) [i.e., oj. also signifies He upbraid(led, o, to drawforth or elicit, or he searches out, secrets] bow;] he unade the bow to gite a sound: (AHn, reproached, him; or the like.] (TA.) .i :) or he put the string of the bowr in motion, 8: sec 1. 2: see 1, in two places. [or made it to vibrate,] (A, J,)or pulled it, (T, S, M, Migh,) and then let it gi, (S, Mgh,) in 6. lLz, (Mlb, K,*) or l l, , , LIC Thic tratlc, or orcuplation, of the b;A order thatt it might tt,ang, (S, K,) or proluce a (S,) T/liy eallled one another by by-names, sitr- (TA.) sound: (T, M, MINgh:) and .jl ,amnes, or [rather] nichknames: (S, Msl,,' l (S, A, :) [[ ;i Earthextracted from a rell ol burrow Algil) signifies the same: (S, Mgsh :) or he took or they ftpb.raide.l, reproached, or reviled, one another; (1, TA;) calliag one another by or the like. Hence,] the strinyg of the born with the ends of his tnra whilh i.t [Te ceartA names of reproach. (TA.) So in the .ur, xlix. 11; extracted by the jerboa in making its burrow]. fJingers, and then let it go so that it might faU against the handle of the bon,: (Jm :) and ,,'l whiere the doing so is forbidden. (TA.) (T in art.. *.) 3JI he pulled the string of the bow without an 4-j.rl, [or, accord. to the Mob, it seems to bc arron', h,eU and then let it to: (Ynpagoob:) or ihe One tvho riles, or ransack., graves; wvho e.· j..', for it is tiere said to be an inf. n. used as a takesforth the deadfm.on them; or wvho uncovers pulled the string of the bow, and then let it go subst., but this tfbrm I have never met with graves. (Mgah, Msb.) See 1, so that he heard it give a sound. (Lh.) Hence in two places. elsewhere,] A by-namne; or surname; or nickthe 1proverb,,j j.. ,.a.l (8,), or' name; syn. eiJ; (8, Myb, K;) mostly, the # A thing that is taken, dranwn, or pulled, latter; i. c., a name of reproach; an opprobrious out, orforth: (Lh:) the lower part of leguminous .', (A,) [ Trrangingthe bow without fastening, or binding, or bracing, the string; meaning appellation: (TA :) but Kh, [makes it, contr. plants taken, drawn, or pulled, out, or forth: to common usage, to signify a Froper name; for (S, K:) or trees pulled out by the trunk and Ithreatening nithout the means of execution]: applied to him who pretends to that which he he] says, that niames are of two kinds; ---t;ll, roots: (:) as also t x'l: (TA:) or V both has not the means of performing. (A, TA.) sirnify 7what is torn out by the rain: (AHeyth:) [See sucih as .j and 1..; and ;t also art. J5.] And a poet says, ,, such as pl. 8 .i1, (S, g,) the pl. of both the above ,,.j and ~'.j and thle like: (TA:) pl. jl. (S.) oJ# Ye , , a. words. (AHeyth.)_ Also, F'ull-groen unripe 4 ? ,.. Ignoble, or nmean, (Sgh, .K,) in hit yrounds dates that are piered wvith thor,L in order that pf pretenion to respect, or his rank or quality, they may rien. (TA.) - And the pl. signifies [1 will assuredly shoot thee wnith a shooting, not a and in his natural disposition. (I.) Small arro,as. (ggh.) Some say that tris pl. mere twpanging]: meaninig, my pulling [of the bow] shall not be a threatening, but execution. has no singular. (F.) 6...~ ;,i.' Jj A man nwho is much accasitomed to (TA.) - You say also, A "''Jl .I ., it] .4 i call others by by-namnes, surnames, or [rather] a.l: Bsee g l, in two places. [The separaterand loosenr of cotton by neans of nicknames. (.K.) tire bow and mallet made his mallet to cause t/e string the bow to tibrate]. (A, TA.) 1..-,, aor. , (, Mgh, Mb,) inf. n. 4#. .' 1. i, nor. -, inf. n. , and u; , (e u,, [an inf. n. used as a subst, signifying (,, A, Mgh, Mob, 1) lie tool, d(rew, or pulled, A, ) annd c , (so in a coly of the S,) Itai The pulse]. _ Also, A pulsing rein, or artery: 1

[Boox I. l out, or forth, (Mgh, Mob, K,) a thing, (Msl , (a vein, or an artery,) pulsed, or beat, (TA,) [or TA,) [as] a leguminolis plant, (S,) or a thin g throbbed;] was, or became, in a state of motion, buried, (Mgh,) or a thing af/er burial, (TA ) or agitation. (S, , .) [Ilence,] . l) I.e e! [as] a corpse; (;, TA;) whence L, q v o: . 3J dJ t [No party-spirit,or zeal in the (S, Mgh:) he made a thiing that was conceale I cause of his party, became roused, or excited, in or covered to come out or forth, or to becon E him;] he did not aid his people, or party, against I apparent. (A,R.) [Hence,] JsI;a y , oppression; was not angry, or zealous, for them, (A, TA,) inf, n. as above, (K, TA,) lie drai s and did not defend them. (A, TA.) - And forth smurtenance hence and thencefor his famil ad r, 't . ( t His anger became roruad, or esor household: (A:) or the gains, or earns, ' os n seeks sustenance, for them. (g,* TA.) - An cited. (A, TA.) _ [Hence also,] t;l;;l ;, aor. as above, (in the L, written L, but this is : tIo ort,l (A, TA,) and 1,j.i, inf.:m as above, (K, TA,) : lie dramns forth, or lic'it doubtless a mistake,] The bonwels became in a s1 secrets, and discourse, narration, or i/urination ' state of commotion. (TA.) _ And j.3l h1 : The lightning tflashed lightly, or slightly, (K, (IS, TA :) or jaJI e: signifies t I divulge TA,) like the , of a vein or an artery. (TA.) td he secrct. (Msb.). eI See also 4. And ^>JI * _1 1 'e dren' forth, or ectracteld, the reins. (A.)_ r, 2: sec 4, in two places. Also, lIe removed, a thing from over anothc n r thing which it covcrcd or conce;lled; (A, Msh, . 4. dp) Jl . il The fre,er made his K s;) and earth from a thilig hencathl it: (A vein, or artery, to pulse, beat, (TA,) [throb,] or Msb:O) whence t;, q. v. (Msb, K.) - An, d become in a state of motion or agitation. (A, o hence,I , _I [IIe uncovered, or he rled, o, TA.*) ,l wi i, (T, 8, Mf, A, Mgh,) like ransacked, the grale]. (A, Mg , Msh.) · Also y.trvl, (Ltih, T, M,) but the former is the more lie dug .'ithl the hand; as also . (AZ, ii approved; (Lth, 'Eyn;) and .i ,-.1; (A, art. t, a.) Mgh;) or i. ,..',l; (AIHn, K ;) and ski ,


U -



BOOK I.] [The physician c) .,. .I as in the saying felt his pulting vein, or artery: or his pulse]: :* q.v. (TA.) . but it is more chaste to say See also L.~. - [It is also used as an epithet. , and a ,I You say,

2759 ."i,(JK,) It (water) welled, or issued forth. (S, [app. an inf. n. of yLt] signifies the same as ~,)_ See also 4. t The drawing forth, or eliciting, b.t ..Jo. le.w 2: see4. ) of discourse. (TA.) And ;l ta;.,


accord. to the l5, or, accord. to Sgh, on the authority of Ibn-Abbid, ti.";l, (TA,) tHe 4. 1Jl1 He (a digger) reached the water: ) speech. (Ibndrewforth, or elicited, (jI, (A, TA,) t A heart that (Sgh, ]g,) and f ,f, (AA, .:) or reached the first that appearedof is sharp in intellect, clever, acute, (A, $gh, K,) the water of a well, (g(, TA,) and produced it, 'Abbd, Sgh, ];.) And la tl 41 JI He rerealed and very brisk or lively or sprightly or prompt. or fetched it out, by his labour. (TA.) And knonwledge, and spread it among mme (TA.) (A, TA.) 1 J..!t HlHe produced, or fetched out, by I.'~ L..l ! a t lie southt to obtain offpribgfron conclay orfrom clay, good from water labour, in a trad.: but accord. to occurring the mare: j;j s._ a4 G, (IDrd, S, Ii,) and "~ trans.: is also [It (TA.)taining no sand. meaning, "he sought one relation, it is i;e!, (Sgh,) There is not in himn any motion: t ui.~ K;) (M, VtL:~4; and .'1L; ;Sl say,] you what was in her belly." (TA.) . He (a man) gh, :) or sound, or voice, nor pulsation: ( g, (AA, in S, art. ,,o- :) or strength: (IDrd:) and t tC."; (TlAr, M, TA;) in the Il t va."; became a [naturalized] ~sj [or Nabathwan]. with fet-b to the second letter, only used in a (TA;) and t t~;.", (M, IS [in the C.K with (S,0 TA.) It is said by Eiyoob Ibn-El-lirreeyeh, negative phrase: (L:) As says, I know not what r~·l·r · 4.. ~ g.·· .. · , teshdeed to the ,,]) nor. :, (TA,) inf. n. i; (TA.) *Jl. or is ,'1. JI, ($ in art. ,j,) (M ;) lie produced, or fetched out, by his labour [The people of 'Omdn are Arabs iwho becanme or ... ·... .see z:: _ I; naturalized Nabathteans, and the peopile of El[in digging], the vater of the vwell; syn. l (TA,) last, and (TA,) (M, ]s;) and of the first, who became n;aturalized Lrahreyn areNabathwap n w.': see ,.'. (1B, TA.) Arabs]. (S, TA.) [See also 5.] 1. [or rather of all,] Q,La4 . yl-; And lQ1 . [A singlepulsation]. You say, t-. Hle - l; 4;tJ, inf. n. lt.l; and t IVhat first appearsof the wnater of a nell iLW [I saw a slight.flash of lightning, (a digger [of a well]) produced, or fetchelud out, it . "i.' (IDrd, K) wrhen it is dug; (IDrd;) as also X: lile a single pulsation of an artery]. (A, TA.) by his labour, or work, the rwater. (Msb.) See also 10, in five places. sm L1! also signifies (K :) or the water that comnes forth froml a wtell see ' ,,. . ,,a,;: The producing an efect, or making an impression; wvlet it is first dug: (Zj:) or the wvater that issues forthfiom tle bottom of a rwell when it is dug; (Ibn-Abbad, Sgh, .) .6g [part. n. of 1]. You say, a.js o lj;; 1i syn. .&j. : (S, accord. to one copy;) or this is termed . 2,I1 [As long as there remains in me 4JJj, 1 .3 also signifies 5: see 4: - and 10. l. (S, accord. to another copy; and TA:) pl. [ot a little artery pulsing, I will not abstain, or hold [or Jla the or imitated, like, be to affected lie (TA.) pauc.] J.Sl3 and [of mult.] b.'. back, from aiding thee]; i.e., I as long as I Nabatheans]: or he asserted himself to be related remain alive. (A, TA.) - [Hence,] IAner. .!.! 0' to tlem. (1I, TA.) [Compare 10, in the last [Hence the saying,] At.' (Lth, A, 1g.) See 1, where an ex. is given. tSuch a one's promntising is near, [bult] hisfulfil/ibg of the senses assigned to it below.] t An archer: lit. one who has a twanging. (Mglh.) is remote: i.e. he promises, but does not fulfil. 8': see 10. C ' , (TA,) and X ... (IAar.) And .; The place where one sees the heart 4i;t pulsing, (TA,) or in motion; (A, ]C;) and where 10. J.J 1: see 4, in two places: its primary dJ j~.. 'X, (ISd, TA,) : Such a one's depth one per.ceives the gentle sound of its [pulsation, or] signification is [that mentioned above,] from 4; is not known, (K,* TA,) and the extent of his signifying the "water that comes forth from a kxowvledge: (TA:) or such a one's depth is not .-. J I -:i, motion. (A, 0.) You say, [The vhysician felt his place of pulsation], and well when it is first dug." (Zj.) - And hence, known; meaning, that he is cunning, or possessing (Zj,) He drew out, or forth; extracted; educed; intelligence mixed with craft and forecast. (ISd, ;,1e' [their places of pulsation]. (A, TA.) produced; elicited; fetched out by labour'or art; TA.) And C;w jU Y 1 )W tSucA a one ix means t He has no J6 dJ sJi-[ ,, · (Zj, S;) a iinicible, and inaccessible to his enemny. (TA.) got out; or extorted; syn. i.jl; origint [hnown]; like a JA,Z; (A, TA;) nor to appear -_ * also signifies A well of which the water anything le made t and (Zj:) thing: any people [to Cwhom he belongs]. (TA.) after occultation; as also Vt .'; (B;) [i.e. he huas been produced, orfetched out, by labour [of the brought it to light:] and '. eI t it (anything) digger]. (S, TA.) - And Wihat oozes, or exudes, [A pain cawing ulsation, or rta '' was made apparent, after occultation; as also from a mountain, as though it were smweat, coming throbbing]. (L, TA.) J .' , L1: (K:) or the latter, [simply,] tit was forthfrom the sides of the rock. (TA.) (A,) The wooden *", (S, K,) or J, made apparent. (L.) And [hence] t He (a (, Mg,h, Mab, 1,) and * 44', (S, Msb, 1,) mallet with which one separatesand loosens cotton lawyer) elicited (C .l) an occult, or esoteric, and b.l'l, (K,) the last is a pl. (AAF, S, by striking with it tile string of a bow; syn. doctrine of law, by his intelligence, and his labour, Msb) of the first, (AAF,) and the second is [a (A, :) or study: (g, TA :) or you say -:..- 1,meaning W (8;) o; ;.: or JA, like quasi-pL n.] like ·. 4, (AAF, L,) [Thl Nais said by Kh to occur in poetry as [its t he elicited it (a..j.lI), namely a judicial sen- bathweatus;] a people who alight and abide in the pl.,] meaning JA'. (S.) tence, by labour, or study; as also t ~la1, inf. n. U.. [see 1.] betnwen the two 'Ird.s: (S, :) 3: see 10.



see what iiext precedes.


n aor. ' and :, inL n. ao,

· (S,


(M'sb:) or t he searched out the hnowledge or a people (T, M, Mgh, Msb) who alight and "l: ,X and abide, (T, TA,) or who used to alighlt and abide, . of it. (Jel. iv. 85.) And tl (T, M, Mgh, Msb) of Elled, and t;L, 1 He drew forth, elicited, or ex- (Mqb,) in the 1 him knomwledge, and good, 'Irdk: (M, Mgh, Msb:) afterwards applied to torted, ( .j..l,)from mixed people; or people of the lowest or bast or and or wealth, and property. (TA.) And t? i



[Boo;k I.

JI u' I' meanest sort; or the refuse ol men; and the [and so in the CK,] but the former is the more mentions the saying h,PMl v vulgar sort thiereof: (Msb :) the people to whlom correct, TA) .He (a man, L) became dirty (ji3) e;l J3l L 1 1 lj.J [PWhen El-Jebhah (the these appellations properly apply were called after having been clean. (IAar, L, ]K.) tenth of the Mansions of the Moon) sets antici because of their fetching out by labour heliacally, (for the setting, not the rising, is here A . small hoUorw, or cavity, in [stones of the meant, and this it did, about the commencement (,'140) what comes forth from the lands: hind called] ; ! , (K,) in whichl the rain-water of the era of the Flight, in central Arabia, on the (TA:) [for they were distinguished for agriculcollects. (TA.) llth of February,) the people asist their beasts, ture; and hence thleir proper appellations are much, orfrequently, in bringingforth, and deliver used as equivalent to "clowns," or "boors:" thnem, and the first of the trugfles are gathered]. i;j but a derivation commonly obtaining with us is Thus he relates the saying, with teshdeed to the that from Nebaioth the son of Ishmael:] the 1. U., aor. :, inf. n. -J and *, (, l,)'It ;J of i, to denote frequency of the act. (L.) answelled; veledup; rose; gyrew up. (l~.) Said aL ~ ~ ~ ~ a -o _-- :., pass. in form, [but neut. in significaof a plant, &c. (.S.,) if. . (,) and ' t~, (IApr, S, Myb, I,) like ~.t, (TA,) It protruded, or projected,firo:n its place, tion,] inf n. tz (, , &c.) and ,; (TA ;) (S,) and V OLL!, (]g,) and t lI (S, 1,) like without becoming separated. ($, .k.)_It and t-. - ]'l, (1,) also pass. in form; and some (;,)an avid, ' ,d (;, K,) like 5. ,(S,) (an ulcer, or a wound,) mseled. (S, g.) say -, but this is rare, and not heard by but this is disallowed by IAnr, (Mgh, TA,) and, It (a girl's breast) swvelled forth, or became proIAar; (TA;) and some, also, say . 1, accord. to Lth, ' .tC.", but this [also] is dis- minent, or protuberant. (TA.) -_ Z`.t She (a (Lth, Kr,) but Az holds this to be a mistake; girl) grew up, (S,) and became mnarriageable. allowed by IAnr. (Msb.) (TA;) She (a camel, IAar, S, g, &e., and a (S, .K.) _?i& I, inf n. !.,i, lie rose, or mare, IAar, and a sheepl) or goat or other exalted himself, above them. (TA.) - [You quadruped, Msb) brought forth: (T, Msb, TA:) say,] U;T, om.J Thou des,isest him, and he or one does not say eUJI -4 unless a man riseth, or ezalteth himnslf: (S :) or - lh emnu- assist at the bringing forth. (Lth.) Thus one lateth thee: or - he becometh great. A proverb, suppresses the objective complement of the verb. see L. said of him who does not manifest his character And one also says 'S WI The he-ca l 5: ' or design by outward appearance, butt keeps it brought forth a young one: and in like manner L_.: and .'-J1: secret: or of him wvho advances and exalts himone says of a ewe or a shle-goat: and sometimes, self by his ctunning, while thlou thinkest him 5J4 and hil; and btj U , in tle senseless, or negligent. Accordl. to sonime, it is with the same meaning, 1. sWI act. form. (Mob.) One also says J l ... *idaC, without .: see art. _. (TA.) He i wtent iup from ohe country or land to an- Thte camels brought forth. (A.) [You say,] Sec Supplemcllt.1 other. (TA.) s l


(S, K.)

.lIe came upon them; .,iS l ., (Lth,) and .l!, (L,) The people's camels or shelep or goats broughtforth: (Ltla, L:)

or V1 . theJy had pregnant camcels bringinl 8. tZ, Ie rose, or exalted hie.,ef (K.)_ forth. (K.) One may also say jIll J, . ." i#.q. , q.v. (TA). [The praco in which J L;.1 lie encountered him; inet hlim; opposedl meanin- 7'e y.ouny one of a she-camel &c., [see it iF mentioned in the K( shows that F regar(ls the hin.telf to hinm. (1, TA: the vcrb is explained in ; . ul,,I,ove,] was broughtforth, or born. (Msb.) O) as a radical letter; and though it is sail in thKe K lby ) Sec 4.[HIence,] A1 the TA that its being so is doubtful, he is riight Ji 13 t[Tlhe accord. to those wholl hold that every letter of an wind asits the clotus in the dischar!lin, of their nrabicized word is to be regarded as a radical if rain; i. c., draws forth the rainfoiom the clouds. it, or. a letter for wllicll it is substituted, is found 1. .. i, nor. ', in£ n. ,?,, It .tnvelledforth; (A, L.) _ [." It sa.s lproduced, it rcstiedl, or in the original.] becamne p.romniwnt, orl) protuberant. (S, K.) Said was a natural consequencc.] of a girl's br:east. (S.) 2: see L See Supplemelt.] 4. ,." Shc (a camel, S, and a mare, S, ., or other solid-hloofed animal, M.b,) became preg-

1. . , (S, &c.,) aor. ;, (as in the L, [but &, , , said of a she-camel, I believe this to be a mistake,]) or ;, (accord. to na,at: (T :) and so (Msb,) or other beast; but this is rare: (Es.;( ;) and V 1 1. ; [aor. a, ,] if. n. i-.q. %;, " , inf. n. the Myb, MS, MF,) inf. n. Sara.ustee, Msb:) or attained to the tine of (A;) He assisted a she-camel, (S, K, &c.,) [and bringing forth: (S, Ig:) or became eridently ; (1;) and ;, inf. n. %i: (L, .K:) [It a mare, see ,] and a ewe or she-goat (Msb) pre.qnoantt: (Yaaoob, S, Msb :) accord. to IAptr, (u cooking-pot) boiled: ~c.] -_ 4; .4 .J [or other quadruped], in bringingforth; delivered . :i , in the pass. form, signifies .she (a mare, lis nostril became inflated, or swollen, by reason her of her young one; acting to hler as a rnidnife of aoner. (li.) and a camel,) became near to the time of bringing doe. to a woman. (T, Msb, &c.) The original forth; and he had not heard -.1, in the act. 2. . iIe eseplained news, tidings, or a form of expression is I1,'. .; He assisted her t -. l or .l (?) repor . (i.) in tringingforth a young one; delivered her of a form. (TA.) .- See land 8. 6. 6ce R. Q. 1. R. Q. 1. * (in a MS. copy of the , young one. (Mob.) EI-Kumeyt has used the ! It produced a thing as its fruit, or result. Ex. I l.. ) !j3 1y,J ; Impotence and form t :1' in the sense of .: but it is not ;iJl!t commonly current in Arabic. (TA.) A.ln remissncs combined toget.her, and produced, as


Boox I.]
: see t;i .,. . . He sat accomplishing a want of nature. a3L . ; (A.) f This preambl riU not pro. a . .. aa . duce a prais~orthyresult. (A.) The anus; syn. _.!; as also 5. She (a camel) breathed hard(cJ 1 ) that her young one might comeforth. (.K.) 1 *-z A she-camel &c., [see ] aisted 6: see l. in bringing forth; delivered. (Mqb, TA.) 8. -.. R. (L, Ii, TA: in the CK. i1) Also, A she-camel [&c., see ' ,] bringing Site (a camel) went away at random, and brought forth; (T;) and so, accord. to Kr, V* forth in a place unknown: (K :) or site brought which, he says, is the only epithet of this forth by hersel, unassistedby any one; (Ya4oob, measure from a verb of the measure j.", L;) as also ':I'1. (L.) except Je: (TA:) pl. cx:
- '-

JO,-~ *

their relt,po~rty. (A, L.)


And )1


[as in the case of _.

is termed of the me ofthemetre.

";] o: that the is what ".21 1J., and added for the sake (TA.)


-'I:8. see


, in art.

Seat. (.K.) (K.) -- See Se what hat tbllows. follows. $n~at. The gums of trees: (S, K :) one should

notsay (g,)asiscommonly said: (TA:) it is doubtfiul whether its sing. be :, or of some other form. (MF.)





A butter-skin that sweats much. (A.) The pode.: or the anns: syn. ~1.

._ [Also, an inf. n. in thc sense of a pass. part. n., like ,,.. in the sense of

see: se -

she-camels bringing forth.


J.~.., &c., What iubroughtforthby a camel &c.;
and what are broughtforth by camels &c., collectively; a brood thereof; its, or their, increase, or oj.pring; as is plainly shown in the lexicons &c.,


~~~~~(Lx ~.)
or it, swcatedl.



_i,t A ce,rtain bird, (L, g,) bald-headed, It 'found in sandyj tracts. (L.) (a leathern vessel, or skin,) sweated, or exuded found in andy tracts. (L.) in many passages: for ex., see and t.: moisture, (S, L,) as when a skin sweats with the . aJI 3 The pores through which the also applied, in the TA art. CJA&, to the young in butter that is in it. (L.) , a aor. -, inf. n. the belly of a mare]. 0 *, `,, U swet exude. S . & and , It (sweat) exuded (S, L, .~) .;', (AZ, S, K,) a rare form of epithet from from the skin, (L, I,) or from the roots of the a verb of the measure .al, (Kr,) and t ', hair; (T, L;) and grease, from a skin; and (AZ, TA,) or the latter is not allowable, (S, ,) moisture, from the soil. (L, K.) - [And said 1. (, L, .K,) aor. , (I, JK,) ora, and * 5. , (Kr,) A she-camel, (S, Kr,) or a of moisture, It percolated: see an ex. voce mare, (S, K,) or other solid-hoofed animal, (Msb,) .]-c,:_1 - '2~ " I [Such a (L, JK,) inf. n. ,A , (S, L,) Ile pulled a thing liregnant: (Lth:) or that has attained to the one sweats like a butter-skin]: said of one who out, or up, or off; removed it froln its place; A.)~IJj ft. timne of bringing forth: (S, K :) or evidently is fit. is (A.) 4 -- wZ0....Th Th,le displaced it. (8, L, 1.) I3c . Jz.I Ly ]Ie extracted, or preynant: (Yaelkoob, S, MCb:) or near to the camesprotuberance bend hi ear dried with pulled out, a tooth: (8, L:) and, a thorn from his time of bringinf forth, and big-beUied. (AZ.) sweat, by reason of his journeying during a foot (., L) with an instrument called , or [See also . .] _ i .I.: (L:) or he extracted in a general 1vehemently hot summer-day. (L.)_ , 4 I1,inf£ n. f, tThe tearsflonwed. (MF.) sense. (L.) It (a hawk, or falcon, L, .~, and : see .! j; It (heat, L, K, and soni other thing, a vulture, L,) ptdlled off, or tore of, or snatcled 19 (he~~~~ ~ ~~at,Lw~,adsncole hnr iay, fleshi (., L, ]~) with its bill: (.S, L :) and ·.. v A younJ one of a she-camel &c. [sec L,) made him 4&.Zj to sweat. (L, K.) [Its aor. aay, fles (, L, ) wit its bill: (, L:) an seems tobe be -- ; and and MF thinks tlhat, that, in in an and an tehc a raven, or ;;;] b'rought forth. (Msb.)_ crow, in like seems to MP tlhinks facml L)- mannler, .~ a sore . upon the back of a camel. (L.) _ l -; '~ ; tA+.iy pproduce, fruit, result, or natural instance which follows, it may be written with I H e ras removed, or taken awa.q,froni his crnconsqluence, of a thing: (KL:) [the sum. of a after the ,p by poetic licence.] F observes, that J has fallen into thrce errors with respect to paions. (A.) CJ!' . . '.%J! speech or saying: a necemssary iference: the conclusion of an argument or of a syllogismin: pl. [saying that ~le'° (in tlhe placo of I Death remnovc(led him from an,ong his people.

~~~(L.) aor.;~, C, f.n aor. . inf. n. and






. -

ti.] You


Cei C..>

I which


is put, in some copies of the S,



See also


I [Tihis is one of the Jruits, or results, of thiy a is is mnis mntioned in the T Tl i, ike ; and .An instrunAent with which thorns arc generosity]. (A.) [For another ex. see 4.] citingthese words of Dhu-r-Rummeh, describing exttracted from the foot; syn. '*-: (S a. .L*They are both of one ape: said of two a camel making his voice to reciprocate in the L, :) the same, hai two extrmi; . ^ ' ^., ................L,1g:) ti 1;tel same, hariltg tiro ex:trenaasheep. (Yoo, S.) .. t ; w;k The sheep, or goats, qf such a one are of one age. (S, ].) JJ.l.A . ,. k..... _ L5 C ,~j = Jj1l 1j ! This child is one born in first, because the root of the present art. is sound, the same month, or year, as my child. (A.) so that .l~J has no place in it; secondly, 1 .. A man assistinga she-camel &c. [see ] because this word has no meaning (in this art. in bringing forth; delivering her; or one rwho TA); and thirdly, because the [correct] reading assismts her in bringing forth; wdho delivers he.. is U*jj, meaning "casts forth" the frothof the (Myb, TA.) mouth. Neither lB nor IM has animadverted The time at which a she-camel, ( S,) or a on J in this case. MF, however, observes, that one relation of a verse &c., does not impugn the mnare, ( ,)bringsforth. ( E, Ei 1i x.) I:.. correctness of another relation that differs from '~ ; 'he she-cainel arrived at the time of it; and that perhaps the oft:. < is a substiher bringingforth. (S.) tute for ,; such substitution being frequent;

iesc. (Az, L.)

Sco wla.

1. j', nor. *, (S, M, A, Mqb,) inf. n. ., (S, M, Msb, K,) ie puled a thing, (, iM, Msb, K,*) [as, for instance,] a garment, or piece of cloth, (A,) and his ke j, which a man is required to do three times after J, (S,TA,) hard, or with vehemence. ($, M, A, Msh, .. ) He dIrew a bow vehemently: (1,0 TA:) he dreo the bow-string strongly; (TA;) or so that the borv nearly broke. (A.)_lIe rent a 3465

2762 garment, or piece of cloth, with his fingers or And [in like manner,] with his teeth. (M, ].) ;U;L 0.J,i elh The bores broke their strings. (1tt.) -He snatched a thing unawares. (K,' Tg.) - He acted ungently, roughly, harshly, or eiolntly, (V,* TA,) in an affair. (TA.) -

[BooK I. He gainU, or earns, or seeks . as above, (s,) L'i The moisture exuded by a skin, uch as ' I rstenance, for his family, or houes-hold. (L1, is calUd or :;L,. (g.) t le JS ' u K,4 TA.) -, [A man who is in the habit of J f and t takes [or acquires] of every science. (A,* TA.) dimdging, or spreading, dispersing, or dissemitook not sare a little. nating, newns, tidings, or information, or what is C. 1 ~i bI 1.(TA.) talkted of, or wrhat should ratherbe concealed]. (Th.)



.i,L (T, M,) inf. n. as above, (T,) He

(a man) weas as tlhowul he were pulling, in his 'A , [A kind of tw,eezers;] an instrument Zio One who traduces the Mudlims behind their as walking; his in he leaned (T:) wralhing: nith wnhich one extracts, or drams or pnlls out backs, but saying of them what is true, and menalso 9 F:.l. (M.) or forth, (S, A, ~,) a thing (S,) or a thorn, tioning their rices, or fault: pl. $'.A: (A A:) (A, ,) and the like, (K,) and hair; (TA;) [thi p1. only is mentioned in the J, and explained It became pulled (M, g) hard, or 8. -i (.s, .) as signifying personis who traduce others behind n.ith rehemence. (M.) - Seo also 1, last signi- i.q.,:U.. their backs, bnlt sayinq of them what is true]. fication.

[ uka:.


a ,,

ZHe pulled his A.b so 10. Ij - . _. l as to express the remains of his J., in purifying himself in the manner termed :_; (M,* A, ](,*) being earnestly desirous and careful to perform this act [fully]. (A, ].)

see Supplement.]


t.A Csee


A-small portion of wool *rith which onc A anoints (1K) a w,ound. (TA.)

It (a bone) distilled, 1. %.t, [aor. :,] inf. n. ,1J, or let flon, the oily matter that tas in it: (TA :) · aL A thrusting, or piercing, in wrhich [as also ,L]. _ (S, g,) nJ , nor. ,, inf n. .4_,]It (flesh-meat) . : aor. :, inf n. extraordinaryforcee or energy is exerted, (M, ],) '-* -; (];) It (a skin) became clanged, or altered, and stank: formed as thouNgh pulling vehemently that by which the and .; (s;) and exuded (S, K) tte clarified butter that was in it: by transposition from : (i :) and so a wounid. neapon pasmes in tihe person thrust, or pierced: , (TA.) : t j % - ;_ll (TA.)_ .. app. an inf. n. used as an epithet: (M :) or like ~ a thrusting, or piercing, that is like a rmatching (accord. to one reading, JwJl ,J, TA) And ' liJ A gum that imflabby end bleeding: unawares. (ISk, T, $.) The saying of'Alee, tlou swneatest like thie butter-skin. (S, from a a lip: (TA:) [as also has been ex- trad.) _ ., aor. , inf. n. tIe and in like manincr a, sreated , recorded in a trad.,;.jl IJ plained as meaning Thrtust ye, or pierce ye, by reason offatness, and appeared as though he n'ith extraordlinary force or energy: and as were anointed: as also t: (TA:) or he sweated though snatching unatnares. (TA.) [See art. by reason of his bignc., and his abundance of signifies Accord. to IA§r, (T,) ;,. al _.] uor. J, (S, M, A, Msb, ]~,) and.;, (M, a-, 1. (so in the TA,). -,, (A'Obeyd.)_ flesh. A thr,nst that passes through. (T, ].) , , (so in the ],) le wriped his Msb, ],)inf. n.J; (8, M, A, Msb, ]p) and; [aor. %,] or *

AI.hard, or vehement,

nlll: (Mb :) hand (K) with a napkin: as also :_. (TA.)

,tj, [aor. ,] lIfe anointed a wound: as also aor. ', (S, M, L, K,) and -, (M, (TA.) - %,.;, 9U ,i; A bow that breaks its string, by L, K,) the latter [whichi deviates from a constant jly: ($ :) rule] thought by MF to be a mistake, he not pl..:) reason of its hartdbes: (S, knowing any authority for it except the 1, and a S-; signifies bores hating tle strings or # disallowed by the T, (TA,) inf. n. .J; ( ;) and broken. (M.)

pl. ,--.

(., Myb.) -


muchness, or frequency, or [;'-jo, in the ], I suspect to he a mistake for ],) or spread, dispersed, disseminated, (TA,) teshdeed to denote repetition, of the action; or its application to


inf. n. --

; (TA;) He divuled, (,

(M, .i,) or the latter is a simple subst., (;, A, Myb,) le scatteredl a thing, sprinkled it, strewed it, disprwsed it, or threw it dlispersedly, (Lth, T, M, A, M9 b, .K, TA,) nvith his hand; (Lth, T;) as, for instance, grain, (Lth, T,) and fruit and the like, (Msb,) walnuts and almnonds and sugar, (Lth, T,) and pearls, &c.; (A;) as also *, (TA;) [or the latter is with (M, g,) inf. X. ';

'i, aor. ,, in£ n. a,) (S, A, 1. ,._. lie l,) cxtracted; or drew, or pulled, out, (A, or forth; ($, A, ]s;) a thing, (S,) or a thorn, (A, 9,) and the like, (1P,) and hair, (TA,) with (S,A, K, TA:) hIe lucked out the s: He plucked, l hair or the like. (IDrd, ].)or pulled, flesh, and the like, by pinching it with his fingers, (Lth, ],) and by taking hold and,flaccid. (TA.) , upon it with his teeth. (Lth, TA.) -_ [Very bad, or corr~ t speech]: 'b :~ *. tl.tIJI, aor. and inf n. as above, The ,j)1 (K.) sequent to . imitative an is here locusts ate the herbage of the earth. (TA.)- :^

news, tidings, or information, (],)or what was The _;lU;j.] many objects: see : or he spread what talked of: ($, TA:) like should rather be concealed than spread. (TA.) palm-tree [scattered or] shook of its unripe dates. 1. He smote him with a (A.)_ - .,I.l1; ji [See also C.] knife and scattered his intestine.]. (M, A.)2: see 1. "$."9 t [I 'ill asmredly scatter A ,' thine intestines like as one scatters the contents lie swreated much. (J.) R.Q. 1. ; of the stomach of a *uminant beast]: said in See 1. : lIHe (a man, M) threatening. (A.) _ ,I.s i A wall (W1;.) that is moist, or damp, ((,) had many children born to him. (M, ], TA.) And 1I;4 i.; 'It; ', ..-JI (T,, A,gh TA,) and ./, (A, in art. Ij, (T, Mgh, TA,) and ^,j ) SThe rooman broughtforth many children; (T, A, in art. &.j ;) scattered children; ;.


.LI.J Ointment with whicAh a round is anointed. to the husband. (Mgh.) _ .j lI.i lIe spok, (a,) or take, (A,) from such a one anything. ,st5 '. or talked, much. (M, I, TA.) -(Lb., TA,) inf. n. (i.) , J .. ' (S, A.) -_ I

Je. :: *.

I did not obtain,


logists do not allow ?jl, from jt:.l; one only

X v_: see ;:ti: and ;t: : and :: .of divulging the . (T.) No 1 Loquacity, (M, TA,) ard and : says, , and t:. l used transitively has been secrets. (TA.) instance of t heard, except in a trad. of El-Hasaa Ibn-'Alee, talks much: as . Loquacious; one woh, , [He ejected the contents oj his nose; 1V g'*: 15:) or (Sgh, (M, .O) and V* s also 1. or he blew his nose]; as though the root ['.] divulger' of a and were regarded in it, or as though it were made to vainly orfriiolously loquacious,

t He ha~teed, or was quick, in his reading, or , t He reciting. (A.) _-;L, aor. ;, inf. n. (a beast of carriage, M, 1J, and a camel, M, and an ass, T) sneezed [app. so as to scatter the moisture in his nostrilb]: (T, M, !~, TA:) or did with his noe what is like sneezing: (T:) he (an an, and a sheep or goat) sneezed, and expeUlled what annoyed or hurt him,from his nose: (A:)

import the meaning of o.


secrets: (A:) fem. ;'



or Z.5 she (a ewe or goat) eectedfrom her nose 2: see 1, first signification. e"_. [A single act of scatteoring, strewing, diswhitat annoyed or hurt her. (9) And'.-, (Fr, persing, or throoing ditpersedly, nith the hand. T, lAth, Mgh, Msb,) aor. , (T, IAth,) inf. n. 3. [Uli He contended with him in scattering, And hence,] - ! A msnze: (J:) or the like -ti (T, Mgh) [and app.;e:., as above], I He [a strewing, or dispersing, a thing or things. And thereof; peculiar to a beast of carriage (S) [or 9985., 35 J. man] blew his nose; ejected the mucus from his hence,] -_.wl, ; .l;j [lit., I sam him con- other beast, and a fish, as appears from what nose; syn. - l; (IAth ;) as also tV 1: (9, tending with him in scattering pearls: meaning,] here follows.] It is said in a trad. (A, TA) of ], art. . i:) and he ejected what was in his t I saw him holding a disputation, or colloquy, Kanb, (TA,) ;,J . !pJI (A, TA) :The ;> nose, of mucu, and of that which annoyed or hurt nith him, in beautifid, or elegant, language. (A.) locust is [produced by] the sneeze of a fish: or, as him, in performing the ablution termed .y ; :l and .. l1: in a trad. of I'Ab, .iyJl ?i the snee:e of the and 4. 'lI as syn. with i' ($gh, TA;) as also tf.., accord. to somc: lie made his nose to .fish. (TA.) [From this it is inferred that the see 1, latter half, signifies he ejected what wvas in (TA:) or tV is, like fish, lawful to be captured by one bleed; syn. i/;t. (S, A, J].) You say, · 1 locust his nose; or he emnitted his breathfromn his nose; ~ 1 The end of the nose: him and made his nose to in a state of a...] e~ t [He pierced or he introduced the water into his note; as also ·. g . : .: (A :) or the o [He smote him and (IAar, T:) or i.q.,. * t;;l and V 1: (V :) but this last explana- bleed]: (S:) and o,_ti what is next to it: (M, K :) and (M, A; He threnv him with tion is outweighed in authority; the form t 1.i made his nose to bleed]. (A.) the V, or) the interstice that is between the in but is disallowed by the leading lexicologists; and down upon hifs ;., (M, A, TA,) i.e., (TA,) (S, M, A, K],) against the partimustaches, two the author of the l, in respect of this form, follows [upona the end of his nose: or] upon hisA '~.. tion between the twro nostrils: (S, M, 1 :) so [in ggb, without due consideration: (TA:) [accord. X[lIe a man and] in the lion: (S, M :) or the nose ot jl o j i (g, TA.) You say, to the more approved opinion,)J L signifies he (T, him and threw him down upon the end of the lion. (Mi.) _ Hence, (T, &c.,) 'Jl, scattered what wvas in his nose by the breath; as pierced A.*) (M, horse]. his ,,l (T, A,) Two stars, M ,) and sj M, .: (C:)or, as some of the his nosefrom : and * also t? [said learned say, he snuffed up nater, and then ejected between which is the space ofa span, (., see8. nrhat nas in it, of anything annoying or hurting, in several law-books to be the twelfth Iart of a or of mucus; as also t `:.l: (IAar, T, Mgh:) and therefore twenty-two minutes and a (g,) 1 (T, M, lAth, Ig) and *7, or ' 8. .F- (S, M, A, Mbh, K) and tjW (S, half, accord. to modern usage; but there is reason he snuffed up nater, and then ejected it (T, M, (M, K) It became scattered, to believe that ancient usage differed from the IAth, ]O) by tihe breath of the nose: (T, M, g :) M, A, O) and t) modern with respect to both these measures, and atrewn, dispersed, or throtn discrsedly: (, signify he (a accord. to some, JZ and t`l M, A, Msb, I :) [or the second more properly was not precise nor uniform;]) and in [or betvween] but water: up 'sni7ed 0oS performing person signifies it became scattered, &c., by degrees, rehich is a particle (. .) of wrhite, tu thougih it others sav that the latter signifies he c.ected wltat were a portion of cloud; it is the nose of Leo, gradually, or part after part; resembling Jalil rwas in his nosc, of mucuts 4c.; agreeably with &c.' and the third, being quasi-pass. of 2, denotes [which the Arabs extended far beyond the limits a trad. to be cited below: (M.b:) IAsr says, muchness, or frequency, or repetition, of the which it has upon our globes, (see 15Jl,)] (1, that tV `l signifies he sntdfied up water, and put action; or its application to many things.] You I,) and is a .liansionof the 2lIoon: (S:) [app. in motion the ,;L., or end of the notse, in purifica.l t The stars became dis- the Aselli; Asllut Boreuts and Asellus Australiu; !l say, , tion: (T [in the Mgh, this explanation is ascribed a persed: or became scattered like grain. (TA.) twNo small stars in Cancer, between nhich is to Fr:]) and Fr, that v and $j:.-' l and ' Pliny, (see I [They (meaning men) little cloud or nebula, called Prawsepe: and V 19JJ And I -' in purification. i. xviii. c. 35:)] a certainstaror atecrirn, which is signify he put in motion the 3, became as though they rcere scattered by the hand]. of the starsor asterismsof Leo, and which is a .ManjiL. (T.) It is said of Mohammad, 53~ " [And a.ll t VW3, and ,Jl, tThe hair, (A.) -lie (M :) [app. meaning the same, [HRe used to snuff up water and the leavest, fell off, and became scattered, by sion of tihe Moon: 5 + or Prasnqe:] ora certainstar in the slay, as tiwuogh three times, every time ejecting it; &c.] and this degrces.] And A lt3 1The people feUll sick a particle (.i) of cloud, orer against (T, and died [one after another]: (M, ]F :) or you it were differs from '.l. indicates that *;_ two small stars, in the science of astronomy perMgh, Msb.) And it is said in a trad., til lsay Ul tlt;i l.* [tthejfell sich and became taining to the sign of Cancer [though accord. to uith the separatedby death, one after anotAer]. (A.) 1 (6, Meb,) and ', ;.A.6 .;£2; the Arabs belonging to Leo]: (T:) japp. Prasepe; conjunctive I, and with damm and kesr to the :.', See also 1, latter half, throughout. the two small stars adjacent to it being the (Myb,) When thou snubest up water, scatter what ia Aselli:] a certain star, as though it were a par10: see 1, latter half, throughout. in thy nos bhy the breath; (9;) or eject what is in ticl (.eJ) of cloud; so called because it appears thy nose, of mucus, 4c.: (Msb:) or, as A'Obeyd !?[Prose: so accord. to general usage: as though the lion had ejected it from his nose: l relates it, ? U**; inf. n.; U.A: (Mqb:) or, as and] rhyming prose: contr. of. : so called as (A:) [app. meaning the same:] in the Megista with the disjunctive being likened to [scattered pearls, or] scattered [of Ptolemy] it is mentioned by the name of the t.3 * he relates it;:; manger [i. e., Preaepe], and the name of the two I; and he does not explain it; but the lexico- grain. (TA.) 1
.3 -.






2764 [Boox I. small [for ; JllI in my copy of zw, I read ;;a"1,] stars is the two asses [i. e., the Aselli]: (]zw, Description of Cancer:) or the nose and nostrilJ of the lion, consisting of three obscure stars, mar together: J;l ? is [before them, and is] the two eyes of the lion, consisting of tnwo stars, before which is iav,Jl, consisting of four stars: (AReyth:) [app. meaning the AseUi together with Prmpe:] three stars, near togetlAer; the nose of the lion; [app. meaning the same;] which compose the Eighth Mansion of the Moon: (](zw, Description of the Mansions of the Moon:) [these descriptions apply to this Mansion of the Moon accord. to those who make A.JIto signify "the heliacal rising:" see H.IJ jj, in art. J,)j:] or the bright star [app. meaning ,B] in Cancer: (g(zw, Description of Cancer:) [this agrees with the place of the Eighth Mansion of the Moon accord. to those who make o.J1 to signify "the anti-heliacal setting:" see again t_.I. (A, TA.) [See also .] You say )J ; _ I obtained [somewhat] of the scattered [sugar or fruits &c.]. (Msb.) And
t e~ . j,~ ~.: L~l t IVe did not obtain aught of suck a one's scattered things, such as sugar and fruit. (TA.) _ Accord. to some, i.q. ;.I in the first of the senses explained above. (Mob.)



1. ,' aor. ;, inf. n. (S, ) and , (TA,) It (a wound, or an ulcer) flowed with its contents [namely purulent matter, or blood]: (As, S, R:) or exuded its contents: and in like manner, it (the back of a beast)flowed with purulent matter: and it (the ear) Joroed with blood and purulnt matter. (TA.) = and , (in the TA, art. , it is said


)jC.] The Arabs say .:U



il, meaning, hVleun ;jJI rises [heliacally], the unripe date begins to have its redness intermixed with blackness: its rising is very soon after that of JIX [or Sirius: about the epoch of the Flight, it rose heliacally, in central Arabia, on the its nos Ihrat resembles nworms; as also t 17t! of July, O. S.; and Sirilu, on the 13th of the (M, . :) or that sneezes, and ejects fronm its nose what annoys or hurtsit, resemnbling wormns. (TA.) same month]. (M.) [Until, when he finds not a place of refuge, and drives them bach from the water, (accord. to the jLi Wlhat becomes scattered, strewn, or dis... explanation in the L,) fearing to be siot at, so persed, of, or from, a thing; (S, Mlh;) as also *.0~ ~sce _. el that all of them, arc thirsting]. (.) , o;_, (M, K,) and t , (Ig, [but see" ,]) lIe mnoved about [a thing; in the 8, on the i j PcarLi scattered, or stre,cn, much. (S, and, as some say, ';t; : (Msb:) so the v ;tic i authority of A'Obevd, a man], (S, .,) and of wheat, and of barley, and the like: (Lh, M:) TA.) See ;~. turned over atd oere. (TA.) - One says, or C.i signifies the crumbs of bread, and of every1:;A: seeJl.| thing, that become scattered around the table: (T:) the thing over and over in t *ymind, and perhaps or the crumnbs of the table that become scattered j~, ji, and t Pcarl .. .scattered,stre,n, tlwu wilt finl a way. of egress, or escape]. (TA.) aroundl; as also t o;jIi: (A:) or this last, n'hat . , (inf. n. a., ,)He wtent round cith the hanld. _ becomes scatteredfrom the table, and is eaten in dispersed, or throwt dwis!ersedlh, about infright, or fear. . (S, ) . .. and the hope of obtaininga recompene [for preventing (A,* TA.) See also', 'd . You say He moved the morsel to and fro in his mouth, its being thrown avway or trolden undler foot]. t juJI kW, ~ i). [As though his s.peech were aul did not smallow it; like 1.. (Aboo(L4, M, J4.') scattered pearls]. (A.) _ , A IIe Turab.) with kesr, a subst. fromm, ($, A, Msb,) has [numerous] young children. (A, art. wt1:, .) I. Q. 2. He was in a state of commosignifying The act of scattering, strewing, disAlso ;_ A kind of sweet-smelling flower; tion, or agitated, and confounded, perplexed, or persing, or throwing di~tperedly, [anything,] (Lth, (TA;) [the ilUijower: so called in the present amazed. (K.) -*l T, A, Msb,) [a;ad particilarly fruits and the like, day: see also c..] ' .-,and , Sce also , . such as] walnuts and almonds and sugar [and He was confounded, or perplexeald, and agitated, in mnoney, &c., on festive occasions,] and grain. _. · In a scattered or strewn state; in a state hs judgment, or opinion. (TA. ) _ (Lth, T.) You say Oj iL ; I as of dispersion; (M;) as also tjl..,L (TA,) and HisJlesh became much andfabby. (S.) Accord. prsent at, or I witnessed, such a one's scattering t;i, which last is applied to a thing and to to F, this is a mistake for .'; but Hr agrees herein with J. (TA.) (Lth, T, A) of fruits, &c. (Lth, T.) And 'L things. (M.) See also ;1., and ;j.., aindl ; ejL. ki lVe nere at his scattering. (A.)_ You say Vi j) [Pearls in a scattered state]. Also, WVhat is scattered, stren, dispersed, or (TA.) thrown dispersedly, (A, Mqb, TA,) of such things 1. o.i.., aor. :, (S, I,) inf. n. '. (so in the as sugar and fruits and the like, (A, TA,) [and :"' : see''. S: in the TA, ..J: [but this I think a mismoney, &c., on festive occasions ;] a subst., (A, take:]); and t ,J1 (Lh, g) and t M.; (S, TA,) in the sense of;;, (A, Msb, TA,) like [ SL, &c. ];) He affected him, or it, by an evil, or a ·. Lb. in the sense of (MI.b;) as also See Suppleme.a.] malignant, eye. (S., K.) 1

R. Q. .L ' .l J, (inf. n. !, S,) He agitated the thing, or affair, to and fro, in his mind, (S,) and did not execute it; (TA;) he thought e..j: see 13 . upon the thing, or affair, but did not determine ol_: see;l, in threo places. upon it. (S, g.) See R. Q. 2._ Jl :. He drove back the cameLs fronm thi water: (L:) or . . 1 (A;and' tL. (A, I~) t A palm-tree (Ja .;) ie drove them back tinets after tints to the tank, or that stakes of itsunripe dates: (A:) or of which J l ';;: (S, v:) the unripe dates become scattered. (].) - And cistern; expl. by , Jl [but the former, t A sheep or goat tluhat coughs, so50 ,i, meaning here to, seems to be a mistake that something becomes scatteredfrom its nose; as also for X>,fiom]. Dhu-r-Rummeh says, 1U: (As, S:) or a sheep or goat that ejectsfrom

- A female, (S, ]C,) or woman, (M,) having numerous o.ffspring: (S, M, A, .:s) and so a male, (M,) or man. (TA.) -_ A ewe, or shegoat, (TA,) laving a wvide orifice to the teat: (., TA:) as though she scattered the milk. (TA.) -_ See alsoek.


and,) IJII p,

accord. to IAr, are syn. (TA) X , . inf. n. ., signifies i.q. na. (TA.)



BooK I.] § and 8: see 1.



"2765 .~l.J'1 4. (TA.) In like manner, t l

verb bears two contr. significations: (15 :) or the two significations are not necemarily contr.; for t : 414., and ddAl a courageous man may be not generous, or liberal; . and , 1a,l X Having an eiil, or a malignant, and a generous, or liberal, man may be not and e.AIl i.ucourageous. (MF.) eye; (Fr, 9, 15 ;) and powverfuly affcting therewith. (..) He selected him; chose him; (9;) 8. s...1 preferred him above others. (TA.) See also ; and .: sce-.l and He H_ went to . ' See 1. :;l.,_ ;i An affecting with an evil, or a malignant, collect [the kind of bark called] . (TA.) --eye: (Ks:) force, or eagerness, of look: (Ks, A poet says, lAth, S:) lust, or desire, or a hankering after a ~~t...9.P~~~~ty'' 0~ ~~ thing. (Ks, J.) Ex. a lbh zW .4 a 1 * ..s . .. . () Avert the beggar's evil eye; (Ks;) or the 0 0 s1, a0L c1lC~Lh~~cj: '.59' at or food, force, or eagerness, of his look at thy tlue; (S;) or his lust; or accomplish his desire, meaning, 0 thou ho assertest that I take the and aerthis eye fron thyfood, in compassionfor verses of other poets and appropriate them to him; (TA;) do this by giving him a morsel. myself, and, and as it were, take the bark of other iiL ; t ) Avert from thee trees than my owrn 'iddh, to tan therewith... ($.) _- sJIt 1 I." (TA.) thing. this of the desire (TA.) [See LAh.]

The heart thereof that has [as it were] no [or bark] upon it: or the bedt, or most excelleit, thereof. (K.) : d,I:tjl _

see what next precedes.


A man owho begets generous, noble, or (Is.) (

liberal, children; such as are termed t1. #p!, and _ In like manner, ;~,


(S.) _- * . K :) pl. of the latter 4.. 'E. also signifies A woman ,vo has generous, noble, or liberal, children; such at are termed *. ' (TA.) (S, J9,;) weak man: A ircait JL;e A %:AR.~ man: kg, (TA.) See _,


, pl. v,.


. - -Anand also An arrow that has neither feathers nor head; (A'Obeyd, S;) that is trimmed, shaped, or pared, but has neitherfeathersnor head. (A., A'Obeyd,


see .




An i,on with nhlich a fire is

stirred. stirred.

(1 )

The bark (,t_J) of trees: (S, K :) or the A vessel that is capacious 7,itlhin: ,.4 .w_ A He aor.: and ', inf. n. , I ;, ,.:JL 1. 0 (1 :) a capacious vessel of the kind called c: took of the bark of the stem, or trunk, of the tree: rind of the roots thereof: or of what is hard (IS:) thereof. (1p.) The soft peel of branches is not (S:) or wide, or capacious, in tie bottom: i.q. (s:) or °,.~, aor. and inf. n. as above; and which, accord. to ISd, is the correct ,j c. ., 1; He tooh off thus called; nor is the rind of roots called f., ; andlte i,, inf. n. 'and J word; but others say that the n. un. 'i; . (TA.) - but ,: its bark; barked it. (ISd, ].) See . _i . may be interchangcable. (TA.) qJ, eaor. ;, inf. n. aI.;, He n,as generow, ii ;4. A bite of an ant. So in a trad., A A hide tanned with the bark of the trunk of tlhe noble, or liberal, t,c.: [see 4: :]. (Msb, ..) accord. to one reading: accord. to another reading, ZtL .A skin tanned nwith .' StL (S.) _ . .. He, or it, was excellent, or choice. (MA.) it is ;L;. Both these words are given by IAth nith [the hind of bark or the same: (S, K:) Ihe [Said of a horse and the like, He was generous, on the authority of Z. (TA.) 13M (S, K) and as also .5 (.:) called] _: : -mnifl.] or ecllent, strong, light, ,.. and La&: see h. co, (Aboo-Mis-hal, 1 :) but the last is disR _..: see 3. approved hy ISd, because it is of the measure 2: see 1. ;) 010 A generous, noble, liberal,man; (S, 1] Jk., wlhichi is not used in the sense of the JAiU [i.e vied with him, or strove one distinguished by rank or quality, nobility or . - ·. 3. (TA.) measure 3j, . to surpass him, in generosity, nobleness, or libe- eminence, reputation or note or consideration; i-Relect; coice: (1.N:) an epi&Skelct;chosen; c rality; and he surpassed him therein.] (TA, (K;) excellent; of great worth in his kind; one ... L. actions: and generosity in father who is lilte his thet applied to anything. (TA.) art. .l..) (1.) [explained as sig(TA:) as also ? .,. . He begot a generous, noble, or liberal, 4. : (S, I :) nifying " liberal, generous "] and t . [. 1 ($.) [This child; such as is termed or you call a man y when lie is generous, t,'";;_ a-n:; and aor. aor. ., inf. n. 1. verb, being coupled in the k1 with ,~ , might noble, or liberal; but when he is unequalled (91;) He l; I' t and 'l .:-. (TA;) t and be imagined syn. therewith; but this, accord. to1 among his people in generosity, &c., you say (15, efortlh, coew to caused or out, extracted, drewr the TA, is not the case.] El-Asha says, '.~.', in measure like 4i: (El-'Alam TA,) thing: apparently more especially used with * a d4olJ [but MF doubts the correct~,Lj;cjg1 - , 091 e Es-Sakhiwee:) reference to what is talked of, or news, tidings, or 9, ness of this measure; and seems to think that the aor. ', (and * , the C, the like. (TA.) -_ 1 -~ t :.]Pil t 3~- - is said correct word is 0 ; He searclhd, !..: in£ e,PTA,) and t inf. n. or who them, among man, the is he when a man of his ght, (S) He begot a generous son in the tinmes hen or after, it; inquired res7ecting it; or sought,for, is distinguished by generosity, &c.: (S :) pl. sought parents (rejoiced) in him, rwLen they produced him; respecting it; searched information for sought (.) _ . (K. and .' and scrutinized, or and excellent rwas that rwhich they produced. ,.:.. into, investigated, into, into, inquired to any animal; applied epithet an as Excellent, e=mined, Accord. to one reading, the second word is ,41': examined, it; i.e. an affair. (Ay.) -- I,. ., (IAth;) a generous, exellent, camel or horse; ejtjl; o!LJlj of and &,JIjL, is also read in place He He, dug up the contents of [aor. ;,] inf. n. one of high breed; (ISd;) a strong, light, snift, [aor. J S agrave. (TA, from atrad.)-)Lin which case, l*l is fig. the agent of "jl. iS' as well as a.qrave. camel: (TA:) you say a."e is said of a woman, in the same (TA.) _- z'1 L,) Such a one seduces, mis(inf n. , .0~, (in£ u: (1:) pl- . 51; (., 1.) and .. [as l also ,,i... See (TA.) sense. ads, or leads astray, (i. Fr, , 1r, or, l.'ta The most exceUent, and the leads, l] He begot a cowardly child: (from (S.) _- ijl also v with the unpointed 5, accord. to A'Obeyd, L4PAZ-%1P ~eqJ, the "bark" of a tree: TA:) thus the purest, parts of' the Kur-ian. Of such is the



, ~ [Boox I. 1 , i.e., summons, by a cry, to seaition,or the like*, mation respecting them; searching into, inqiirin 9 ('.)-5 i t;, and t, t A near Q,) and implores aid of, the sons of ,ucha onu P. into, investigating, scrutini:ing or examinine£1 (L)._,.* dA (Fr, ?, ]L) [See 10 in art. y.] them: ( :) a man nwho searches after nen. place; syn. j.,; diligently, or with labour, or persereranec, or energetic rising, or raising of one's self. (L.) 5. j;Le, ;; lie searched, or sought, for , time after time, and elicits it; (As;) as als 0 [You say,] ; i hi a or aftr, news, or tidings. (TA.) [See also 1.] rose quickly to e,nploy hi,nself in this affair. (A.) See * . 8. 1 '.[They revealed serets, one to an



-i i My mind does not patiently ) The want, or thing wanted, became attained refrain om it. (L) 8. .;Jl ile, or it, became inflated. (..: or accomplished. (S, Msb, 1.) , aor. _.l Hisi fatness became apparent. (K.) (Msb;) and · q.U 4.t An easy affair. ( t l (S,M b,,) inf. n 8, .. ) Sec One mrys *iw I 1tThe ewe became fat. 1-; (Monb;) lIe succecded; he attained, oir (TA.) - See also 1. accomplished, his want, or wants, or the thinq ~.) °.'* A man vwho attains, or accomplishes, 10. :.; .--.l lie exposed himself to a thing; or things, that he wanted. (S, Msb, his wnant, or wants; pl. &. and or wntured upon it: (S, 1, TA:) hep devoted I[You say,] Vc~ `9 j 5i C L Such a himseij eagerly to it, and set about it, or com- one did not trosper, or succeed, nor attain, oi r (S, g :) as also V . (L, g.) menced it. (TA.) - See also 1.. daccOmplislh, his wanit, or wants. (S.) { ~ [a yl. of which the sing. is app. 11 o.. His affair becan easy. (AS, I.) and ' ' A coat of mail; syn.,;o. am_,j meaning, ace. to analogy, A causc of (K.) _ Also, (or t , 9,) The pericardium; 4: See 1. _. ( andl success, or of the attainment, or accomplishment, syn. l; . , (TA,) I accomplished .for himn,) J.4W: (8, ]C:) pl. .t lis iant 1 of one's n'ants, or of a thing: sec an ex. voce (8.)(S, TA.) The house (,) lie sccedGod accomplishe e.t.4.] (A, TA, art.. of a man: pl. .. (1K.) .) foar him his want : (K:) or, helped thin. ti p
see ;.-

signifies and ', ,. (TA.) _ investigated, scrutinized, ;--; signifies the uame



the same as , (j,' [They searched or examined, tojether] as ^ -.. .


,, A

patient mind. (K.)_




attain, or accomplish, it.





I Go[d nadle, or m.y God mnake, hi.h '~ 1. e,', ,aor. ., (S, L,) i,f. a1. ~,, (L, I,) work to succeed, prosper, or hare a good isue or lie orercame, conquered, subdued, overpowered, ;4 A1hiddensecret. (K.) Sec -- . result.] Cyl l ie, or it, overcame him. prerailed over, or surpassed, himig. (AO, S, --. Jt..; n, I. The secret of thc pco,,le, which (15.) Ex. ii _1 jaWt J6 _ t if thiou L, 15.) ; , inf. n. , they concealed, became apparent, or revealed. sech irhat is vain, it will overcome thee. (A.) LHe exerted his judgment in affairs. (Sh, L.) (Fr, 8..)_
! W. The affair of the lil;l

people, nwhirh they liept secret, came to our knowledge. (TA.)


a, .

attains its utmost aim ( promised hin; syn. l (S, 1.) 1_ an encominnli. (TA.) -_ A butt at r,'hiclh ADI [Ile soutght, or begged, of God, succs, or one shoots, or casts, consisting of earth collected the accomplish,ent of his nant]. (A.) See an together: (9, 1:) or earth that is taken forth, and of rchich a butt is constructed, to shoot at, or ex. voce J*c. cast at. (TA.) _ I"l An aftair that 6. aq tJ , (,S, A, 15,) L has an evil end, conclusion, issue, or result. (TA.) d.ij..I ei& (ISd) 1 His dreams followed onc _m .i A certain legunminousplanl. (].) another with truth: (S,K:) or the trnth of his ; Slon,; tardy. (g.) [Seeo J dreamrs ras continuous: (ISd:) or lae had eonsecutive true dream. (A, L.) ' 4 . (.and( n -, TA) The dust, or eartAh, 10: see 5. that is takenforth, or dug out,from a nwel; (S;) i.~q. .. (s, .:.) -_ I. 4 What has become & and ? t (S, Msb, 6(,) two substa., apparent, or manifest, of that which isfoul, or the former from amd the latter from disgraceful,of news, tidings,or information. ($, }.) p(Mqb,) Succes; or the attainment, or i _ Emndeavour; ejfort: (.::) Rs also 4j. accomplishment, of one's wants, (, Msb,) or, of (TA.) So in the phrase : .. ' 4 [lIis a thing. (K.) [See an ex. voce . utmost endeavour, or *Fort, nas exerted, or emA

_ , (S, M, &c.,) [aor. t,] inf. n. *;nie ,(M, L, 1K) and e..J, (1K,) or the latter is a sougt, a asked, or demaled, thi accomplishelnt.t . WVhat simple subst., (M, L,) ile (a manl:, S, L,) wvax, of the want, or thing neeed, from him who had L*), of praise, or of or became, courageous, (S, M, L, Mhsb, ],) .andl 7 t, ,!

5. o t.

l. (8,

sharp, or vigorous and effective, in thos aoffair. which others lack powrer or ability to accomplish: (M3, L, K :) or, very valiant: or, quick in assenting to that nhich he nas called or invited to do, wvhether it were good or evil. (M, L.) See nlso 10, and 4. -or. ..", :, inf. n. ~.'; (S, L ;) or , like -, inf. . ." ; (K;) lce became [overcome,] afflicted, distressed, or opplressed, by sorrow, grief, or anicety.
(S, L, K.) , or.

(9, L,) and '.,

whlich is extr., (L,) [or properly tlhec aor. of ..-. ',] inf . ., (~, L,) HIe (a man, S) sweated, by reason of work, or of sorrotv,grief, or anxiety: (S, L:) and t he (a man, TA) 1 snweated. (I.) - : 1; , (.,) or Uj& ,, (L,) lie, (L,) or it, namely the body, (],) .flowed with snweat. (L, K.)_ , aor. :,


(TA,) inf. n. j. (1K) Ie l n,a., or became, stupid, dull, wanting in inteligence; not penetrating, sharp, rigorous, or effective, in the pert d amlnd# One W'W is in the habit of i L.j R;ight counsel, advice, or opinion. formingy of affairs; soft, without strength, or searching, or seeking, for, or afJer, things; of (8, K.) _ , (S, K,) and .L , sturdiness, and writhout endurance: and weary, inquiting respecting them; of seeking for infor- (K,) A vehement pace: (K:) a quich pace. or fatigued. (15, TA.)_ IIcr


see .a.



Boox I.] j-' -1 IHe (a man) became strong after having been weak, (S, L, K,) or sick. (TA.) S, (S, L,) and i, (L, TA,) He became emboldened against him, (S, L, .I,) and clave to him, (L,) after having regarded him with awe, He H..t became or fear. (S, L, ]g.)_;" "U jt _ spicous, or plain. (1).) (A.) cowardly. been having courageous after He gave him the land woith vrhat came See also j.. forthfrom it. (L.) (aor. , terrfied, or frightened. (L.) -- ,J, was, affair,) an or It (a thing, L,) inf. n. v, or became, apparent, manifest, plain, or evident. It (a o.) *, inf. n. ;,J, 4, aor. -_ (L, road) was, or became, apparent, manifest, conK,) Time, or (in£ n. e., 2. .J"I ;, habit, or fortune, tried, or proved, him, and taught him, (S, L,) and rendered him expert, or experienced, and well informed, (L,) or firm, or sound, in judgment: (Q :) as also 6o.', which High, or elevated, land or country: °." (S, L, Msb, ] :) or hard, and rugged, and elevated, or high, table-land: only stony and rugged, or hard, elevated land, like a mountain, standing over against one and intercepting his .J view of what is behind it, but not very high, is more approved. (L.)j _ ui, inf.£ n. °.y"l, (S, L, 1,) a pl. inf. n. is thus called: (L:) pl. _ .Z, '(.) ]. He ran; syn. of pauc., (TA,) and ; i.l, (L, K1,) [also a pl. ;e .J, He ornamented, or decorated, a house (S. L, 1g) and Ol..and ;*. the articles of furniture of pauc,] and w ) with or tent (-. ,ja, pl. of a: (S,* L, 9:*) [and, called accord. to present usage, he manufactured beds and the like, and pillows; and teased, separated, or loosened, cotton, for stuffing beds, &c., rvith the bow and mallet: see also ;1].

2767 mountains of Teiyi, and from El-Mirbed to Wejreh: DhAt-'Irlk is the beginning of Tihumeh, extending to the sea and Juddeh: El-Medeeneh is not of Tihnmeh nor of Nejd, but of El-I-iji, higher than El-Ghowr, or El-Gh6r, and lower An elevated than Nejd. (IAar, L.) -, road. conspicuous and road: ( :) or an elevated (L, .) A roadin a mountain. (L.) [Hence ?'.b ~il1, expl. below, and in art. ._b.]


.a..~JI [Kur, xc. 10] We have shomwn him the two oays; the way of good and that of evil: (Beyd, Jel, L:) or the tno conspicuous nays: (L:) - or 1V'e have given him the two breasts; also signifies a woman's (Bey4, L;) for .. beneath it being like belly the ;) 1 (L, breast; L. .j (TA.) the [country called] ja. ,U. ;IiJ L Now, by her two breasts, didst thoul not that? A form of oath of the Arabs. . A thing, or an anvd 9t ... '; (M1F.) --. ;.~; (, L, K;) anid pl. of ,. , ;) or this is a affair, apparent, manifest, plain, or evident. (L.) [another pl. of pauc. ;] (S, and .L,I,) , mistake, and it is pl. of i.., like as '*.I is _.;I .'!,(S,h , (K, (L, ,) and , pl. oft.~.; or it is a pl. deviating from common and 3 rule. (IB, L.) You say ; t .L';L

(LL, g,) X le is one ,L)l art. J.,) and , 1, lie wrent forth to him to fight, or Ascend thou these high lands; and .;t.hJl J)itl who surmounts didicult affairs: (A :) or he is 3. .~U. one n,ho mnanages afairs tolroughly, (L, Ig,) and : l ,J.U She (a camnel) this high land, making it singular. (L.)combat. (A.)_ them: (L :) or he is a nan expert in vied with the other camels in abundance of milk: , (R,) the latter masters , , &c.,) and 3., (S L other the who surmounts and masters them by his when milh aoffirs, of she yielded abundance of the dial. of Hudheyl, (Akh,) of the masc. knon.ledge and experience and exce!lent judgment: camels had little. (L, 1I.0) - See 4. gender, [The high land, or country;] a division or, who aims at lofty things: (.K, art. & :) or (~, L, Mqb, V,) in£ n. ;"I; (L ;) of the country of the Arabs; opposed to ji1, he is one ncho rises to eminences, or to lofty thing.s 4. '1, [or the low country,] i. e., Tihimeh; all the high ,aor. .; (Mqb;) and ~U and I or circumnstancas, or to the means o(f attaining 1 .;, inf. n. landfrom Tihdmeh to the land of El-'Ir.k; (S, .U (S, 1, such, thitngs: (8:) as also another: assisted, *q.Lg..; (?, L;) lle aided, or L ;) above it are Tihd,neh and El-Yemen, and sing. he succoured him. (L.) and . , (S, L, Myb, l;) beloaw it El-'Irdk and .Esh-Shdm; (I ;) it begins, art. O.) See ., ,,.Jtl ie aided, or assisted, him against towards El-.lijdz, at Duhdt-'Ir.k, (Mob, 1],) of;. (L, (A'Obeyd, S, L, 1) and of >t., him. (L.) - ;cAJ! O~ (S, L,1) He answered, and ends at Sawdd of El-Irdk, and hence it is 1g,) whllicll signifv The articles of househoid furwe1) woith which a house or comnplied nwith, the call, prayer, or invitation. said to form no part of (Msb :) or niture and the libe ( or moat, the beyond is is ornamented, or decorated; or tcut (~e..) (L,9.)And *. 1 e ul lie ansnaered, or com- it comprises all that plied rwith, his call, 7rayer, or invitation. (M, L.) fosse, which Kisri made to the Sawdd of El-'Irdk (A'Obeyd, S, L ;) the carpets and beds or other ,_ st Jfle was, or became, or drew, near to until one inclines to the Iarrah ( ;j.JI), when things that are spread, and the pillonws, usel furi he is in El-Jijdz; (EI-Bahilce, T, L, Msb ;) that purpose: (L, . :) the cloths or stztjs usedfor .. [r'. his family, or rwfe; expl. by a ;1 this purpose, nwith which the walls are hung, and The shy became and it extends to the east of El-Ghowvr, or which are spread; (L;) the curtains which are ,! . (Lb, ISd, 1].) - 4.J ) El-Ghr; which is all the tract of which the (1) qJl (L, K) and * j;j clear. (1.) -_ f torrents flow westwards: Tihameh extends from hung upon the voalls: (A:) and ta4;., pl. of He, or it, (a person, or thing, L, both said of DhUt-'Irk to the distance of two days' journey j.'", hoau ehold furniture, consisting of such such a thing as a mountain, TA,) became high, beyond Mekkeh: the tract beyond this, west- things as are spread, and pillorws, and curtains. jt tI He became ward, is Ghowr, or Gh6r; and beyond this, or lofty. (L, 1g.) - ,. ~ A ski/lId, or an expert, guido of ,d (LU) famous in the low countries and in the high. southwards, is Es-Saraih, as far as the frontiers or *.', o1,) .. S", ( the way. (L, K.) L,) He entered of El-Yemen: (EI-B&hilee, L:) or, as the 1, (inf. n. ., (A.)- _ 1].) (L, trees. (L,) A place in nwhich are no upon the country of Nejd: (S, L:) or he came e Arabs of the desert have been heard to say, A, d kind of tree resembling the-_&" (L, 1~) . to .Ned,or to high land or country: (L,1 :] ) the country wvhich one enters rwhen, journeying in its colour and manner of gronth and its or he went thither: (L:) or he went forth to, upwards, he leaves behind him '.jliz, which is thorns. (L.) or towards, it. (Lh, ISd, L, k)( . ! above El-Karyateyn, and which he quits when .4i Swveat, (S, L, K.,) by reason of rork, or . , a proverb, He enters .Nijd wha o he decends from the mountain-roads of Dh!tp; I;,,[ , saorror, grief, or anxiety, tc. (L.) sea Zaadan, which is the name of a mountain ; 'Irk, where he enters Tihdrmeh, and rwhn he 1. A certain sect of the Khdrijees, (., L,) :t1 i. e., in going up from Ei.Ghowr, or El-Gh6r meets with the stony tracts termed ;l in Nejd, of those called the .larooreeyeh ; (L;) the comwhere El-ifijdz commences: (Ay, L:) or the L.) (M, panions, (S, XC,) or followers, (L,) of Nejdeh high country from Batn-er-Rlumnmeh to the (L.' 5. ,.; : see 4..- He srore a big oath. El- larooree (L) EI-fana mountain-roadsof Dhit-'Irk: (ISk, L :) or the Ibn-'Amir (L, L, 1) (TA;) Beoo-iaueefeh; the o, of ) L, (, fee, 1 He ashed, or desired, of him aid , country sfrom El-'Odheyb to Dluht-'Irk, and to 10. ; J I. (TA.) or auistane, (f, L, 1,') and Juccour. (L.) _ I El-YerAdmeh, and to ElYemen, and to the two also called 349

a: kep.

and _ (V M, L, 1 and t,~ (M, L, O) A courageous man, (S, M, L, 1K,) sharp, or vigorous and efective, in thos a'fairswhich othlrs lack power or ability to accomplish: (M, L, ] :) or courageous and strong: (Mqb:) or very valiant: or quick in assenting to that which he is called or invited to do, whether it be good or ovil: (M, L :) pi. of
., ; 1.t, like as is pl. of ; (S, L ;)


[BooK I. 1 means t a man of taU stature: for when a man of the mase. gender. (L) mine-vessel: is tall his .I.Jmust be long. (L.) ( :) any esel into which wine is put, (A'Obeyd, ;, applied to a she-ass, and to a she-camel, Long-necked: (L, K:) or, so applied, (],) or specially to a she-ass, (L,) or to a wild she-ass, (S,) that does not become pregnant: (S, L, K :) but Sh eays, that this meaning is disapproved; and that the correct meaning is tall, applied to a she-ass: (L:) or tall; overpeering: (S, L:) or high and great: from ,* [signifying "high or elevated land"]: (As, L:) pl. -. ". (Q, L, -A.) Also, applied to a she-camel, Sharp; spirited; vigorous: (L, ]K:) a correct meaning thus applied: (Sh :) or strong: (R:) one that precedes, or outgoes, others: (L, g :) or strong in spirit: (L:) pl. as above. (K.) Also, so applied, Abounding nith milk: (L, .1 :) and, that vies tvith the other camels in abundance of milk, (L, ]K,) and turpasses twem therein, (L,) or yields abundance nhen they Ihave little: (] :) [but for Cj.i (1t, in the copies of the .K in my hands, meaning" when they yield abundance of milk," I read Oj 131:] pl. as above. (g.) - Also, so applied, That lies down upon a hifgh, or elevated, place: (g :) or that will not lie donm save upon high ground: (L:) pl. as above. (I.) - Also, An intelligent woman; sharp, or quick, in intellect : (B1:) possessingjudgment; as though she exerted her judgment in affairs: a strange meaning in which the word is used in a trad.: (Sh, L:) pl. as above. (.K.) - See .~ , and ~. ' =.

and '.-

S, K,)!such as a


(L,) or a La


(A'Obeyd, S, L:) or a .'ine-cup, or a cup of .1wine; syn. 1,..Lb: (L:) or ao as' in which mine is cleared; (A ;) a clarifier, or strainerforwine; syn. jl; ; (Lth, L;) which last is the meaning that most assign to the word. (TA.) - Sa.fron. (A:, L, I.) _ Blood. (AY, L, .) 'c A small mountain (IK, [in the Cl$, for J:,. is put J.s,]) overlooking a valley. (TA.) _- .. ' A kind of ornament, (L, ],) worn by women, (L,) adorned with gems, or jenrels, (L, .K,) one orer another: (L :) a necklace of pearls and gold, or of cloves, a span in breadth, extendingfrom the neck to the part beneath the breasts, and lying upon the place of the i ; (L, ;) i.e. of the .t_ of a man's sword: from 11 .J: (L:) pl. · G. (L, I.)

or this is pl. of ,a* and and not of '


(Sb, M, L;)

: (M, L:) the pl. of this last is

. andtl .j. (, L) _ i Tle lion: (I :) so called because of his courage. (TA.) -- t lJl ) ~ A man quick in that whicl is nanted, or needed. (S, L) -_ and t; Z (L) and t (TA) and
,j. q,, in which last the I is perhaps inserted by poetic licence, (L,) Sweating, by reason of work, or of sortow, grief, or anziety, ,.c. (L, TA.)

See also


J,*..-: see ,~.

; -, A light staff or stick with which a beast of carriage is urged on. (]s.) - A stick, or wooden instrument, with which wrool is teased, or separated, i. q. J. (?)(TA,) and with whichl. the ' ,. of a camel's saddle is stuffed. (g, TA.)

>~. Overcome; conquered; subdued; overpowered: and fatigued. (L.)_ . and ;.% One who works in shaking and spreading . (and t .j.i applied to a female, R,) and stufing and arranging [those articles of Afflicted, distresSed, or oppressed, by sorrow1, household furniture owhich are called] i. " [pl. grief or anxiety. (S, L, I~.) See also .. . of ~]. (M, L.) See also .;lb. ijse In a state of perishing or destruction. (L, K.) _ See .. ; ~: seoe, and j. See oLt. *i Fight; combat; battle. (L, ].j _- Terror; fright. (L, g.) _ Difj.;, as also ,.~., (S, L,) which latter is ;.l_ One iwho mantfactures (. Jta) ficulty; distress; affliction; adversity: (Lh, beds and the like, and pillont; and sews them: (S, L, the more approved, (L,) A man tried and $,' L, M:b,* ~:.) pl. ;S;~ (Msb.) Ex. I :) [and, accord. to present usage, owho teases, strengthened by experience; expert, or expe;.i; ,jji Such a one zexperienced d.eficulty, separates, or loosens, cotton, for stuffing beds &c., rienced; (S, L, K;) wiho has had e"perience in distress, tronble, or adversity. (Lb, S, L.)_ affairs, and has estimated and understood them, nith the bow and mallet: as also V :] J. one See also a saying of $akhr-el-Ghei, and a citation who ornaments, or decorates, houses, and beds and become well informed. (L.) from a trad., voce .,;..J A id; assistance. and the like, and carpets. (AHeyth, L.) See .j: see .tn. (Msb.) *.;it X le is ignorant also ~. .s.. A fighter; a combatant. (S, L, K.) .thereof: contr. of l.i ;4 l . By ;.>n is .. G and ; Stupid, dull, wanting in _-An aider; an assistant; (I];) [and so, app., meant an allusion to Nejdeh El-Ilarooree. (A.) intelligence; not penetrating, sharp, vigorous, or , ; and tV o and t ;ja., mentioned in See .. e.fective, in the performing of affairs; soft, the A]. nithout strength, or sturdiness, and without 3s,j, with kear, Trial, or affliction, (:L) endurance: and weary, or fatigued. (TA.) [experienced] in icars. (Eeh-Shilib [El-Kha- See . 1. o nor.:, (TK,) [or , accord. to the a, fbjee] and TA.) rule of the ,] inf. n. . ., (L, ~,) He bit him, ijU, sing. of ~1Yl (L,) which signifies or it, (L, J,) vith the Ji,., which is the tooth a.,l: sce o,M. Streaks offat (L, J1) upon the shoulders of a next behind the canine tooth: [but see this word :] camel: occurring in a trad.: so called because (L :) or, with the *Iy. ;41 The sspenumy cord or strings of a of their elevation. (L.) ~- (inf. n. .,, stword: (S, g :) or the part thereof that lies upon Tg,) ; He importuned him in asking: sig.. GC Wine: (As, L, K:) or excellnt wine: fies also vehement speaing. (1.) theshodder. (L.) _,241 'L [lit, Having or the first wine that comes forth when the clay long suspensory cords or strings to his mrord,] is removedfrom tIL mouth of the jar: (AV, L:) 2. o.J t It (experience) strengthened him I

;s.', a simple subst. (M, L,) Courage, (S, M, L, H M.b, ],) and sharpnes, or vigour and e/ectivenes, in those affairs wvhich others lack ptoner or ability to accomplish: (M, L:) or courage with steadiness, and calmness in awaiting fearie&tly death, victory, or martyrdom: (EshShlilhlb [EI.Khafijee]:) or great valour: or quickness in assenting to that rwhich one is called or invited to do, whelther it be good or evil. (M, L.) _ *q .J A man pouessing valour. (S, L.)

a.~.. A man who aids, or asists, much or


(Lh, L.)



BooK I.] (A:) or tried and strengthened him. Subeyr Ibn-Wetheel says,
1^31 .s; J~,

2709 (S, L.

.s, ($, A, Msb,) aor. ., (S, Msb,) inf. n. t~i and;t~j: see, ;l~j Ji, (S, A, Mob, K,) lie nworked wood as a throughout. carpenter; cut or hewed it; formed or fashioned ijtz!.j j [Cuttings, chips, parings, shavings, or [.4nd the applying m.yself to the management of it by cutting; cut it out; hewed it out; shaped the like, of nvood;] what is cut, or hewnn, (K, TA,) affairs has tried and strengthened me]. (S, L.) it out; syn. N'; (Lth,.S, A, K;) or, as some from wood, (TA,) when it is nworked by the See 3, in art. j, . And see J. say, 3iJ. (TA.) , . (TA,) [aor. as above, carpenter. (TA.) *.lU sing. of ,q.l;j, which signifies The accord. to the rule of the ]K.] inf. n. n.Ji, (.,) iitoj ;).to; The art of carpentry. (Mob, -.) She (a woman) made, or prepared, the kind of Milk furthest of the ,..,al [or molar teeth], (S, A, .. "Si~ilk . flour: or with claiJifed mixed writh.flour: food called ;e~, (K,* TA,) for her children, L, Mqb, P,) of a man; (S, Msb ;) which are butter: (.1:) or, accord. to Abu-l-Ghamr Eland her pastors. (TA.) four in number, (S, L, Msb, J,) next after Kila'bee,fresh Kilabee,fresh milk to which clarified butter is the ~.d; (L;) also called ,. JI ,ld,.l, [or t The shape, orform, of a man [or beast]; addecl. added. (S.) See }t.1.. the teeth of puberty, and Jil I. A, or the his appearance, or external state or condition: 1_i A carpenter. (S, A, Msb, 1I.) wisdom-teeth,] (S, Mgh, L, Msb,) because they (TA:) tspecies; distinctive quality or property; grow after the attaining to puberty, and the syn. C;; as also ;J.j and 't;.J:(S, TA:) AA .1 The anchor of a ship, (A, 1K,) composed completion of the intellectual faculties: (S, L, I nature; naturalor native disposition or tenmper of pieces of wood, (p, TA,) which are put with Mqlh:) or all the l.,yblI [or molar-teeth]: or or other quality or property; (A, TA;) of a titeir their heads in contrary directions, and the milthe teeth stuxt behind the canine teeth: (L, man [&c.]; as also V; .. or t .tl : (A [in my dles of ivhich are bound together in one place, Meb, K :) altogetherfourin number: (L, Mhb :) after n,hich, (TA,) molten lead is poured betn,een copy of the A written erroneously, j.J :]) his 7)place after. or the canine teeth: (L, Msb, 15 :) which last, thern, themn, so that they become like a rock; ( K, TA;) accord. to Th, (L, Msb,) or the last but one, ofgrowth; as alsoj a.. : (A:) origin; syn. Jot; the heads of the pieces of wood projet, and to and (S, K:) grounds of thaseai.etiedropes; accord. to IAth, (L,) is the signification meant as also these are tied ropes; then it is lowered in tie water, pretension to respect; rank or quality, nobility, (TA,) and wihen it becomes fast, the ship becomes in the trad. (respecting Mohammad, L.) (]g, TA:) it is a Persian word, (TA,) fast: 1~ j ;ja._ [lHe laughed so that his honourableness, or estimableness; syn. ; (S,' Msb, TA) and arabicized, from *".: ij.i appeared]; (L, Msb;) because Moham- (S, TA;) as also ;.t. (1, TA:) [or from the 7 Greek t ;t;: (S, TA:) generosity of minad or spirit Grcelk yxvpa:] accord. to the T, a word of the mad's utmost laugh was slight; or this is a hyperbolical expression, not meant to be literally (A.) It is said in the prov. dial' of Ei-'Ir.ik. (TA.) You say .L.3, dial'. understood; for the signification of .l most 1j.~. ' lle is hlearier than an anchor. (A.) 0 commonly obtaining is the first of those givep c *. - , . ,J.j '- -. ! . above: (L:) the phrase also signifies he laughed see:q' . viol,.ntly, or immoderately: (S, L :) the term ;.9_ Wood nworked, cut, hewed, formed, or j is also sometimes used in relation to the Every.species of camels is thecir, species: (S:) or fashioned by thke carpenter. (A.) horse, (S, L,) or a solid-lhoofbd animal, as well every origin &c.: (15 :) [and every ma,rk of the as man; (Biari', Msb;) and they are [termed] camels of the various peoples of the world is their the .otil in a soft-footed animal sucll as the mark: (the latter hemisticel is omitted in the cauiel; and the J.l F in a cloven-hoofed animal. S, K, but inserted in the TA:)] the camels here 1. ~", nor. , (S, K,) inf.n._j.'; (S ;) and mentioned by the lpoet wCere stolen from among (S L.) See also i-.- _ * Jtl 4i/ lb. , aor. ,, (.,) inf.n.. j; (TK;) It (a thing, t TIc fist. as one holds fast in biti,g a variety of camels, and com,rised every species sy he1ld le, . S, TA,) came to an end; camne to nought; with all his grinders. (L, from a trad.) '1 [witlh every mark]. (TA.) The proverl is apperished, passed areay: (S, 1, TA:) in these ;~. ti e was imnmoderate in his laughter: plied to him who confoibuids ; (S ;) and senses, the former is the more chaste, and has means, lie has in him every sort of disposition, aInd, in his anger. (A.) -_ abh C bcen so generalily used that tile latter lias been and has no opinion in which li he is settled. t lec attained to the age of pubertyi; or of manly said to be not allowable; but both have been (A'Obeyd, S, 1I.) [See Freytag's Arab. Prov., rigour; or of firmne.s,or soundness, ofjudgment: heard. (TA.) It (a speech or discourse) finished, ii. 317. See also ;U.] (A, L, 1 :*) and he bacame patient, and firm, (1K, TA,) and became complete. (TA.) lie (a rigorous, or hardy, in the management of affairs. OI l The piece of wood in which is the foot of man) died: (S:) occurring in a verse of En(L,.).b _ · i~L~ ji± v" tie nmade a door: (J1 :) or the piece of wood upon wnhich Nibighah Edh-Dhubyance: as related by J, but as related by A'Obeyd, .,". (TA.) hi.t knowledge, ,C., sound, or firm. (A.) _ thefoot of a door turns:' (S:) or the foot of a .; ;~.l_, Ilis i.4ly3 ap,peared by reason of anger door, upon which it turns: (A:) or the J;; =,- gj J, (A, Mgh, Mab, K,) aor. -, (Mob, or of laughter. (L.) [a Persian word signifying a bolt, and a hook,] K,) inf. n.j.; (Msb;) and j", or., (;)
, ,.

[I poured mater into, or upon, the Cl5~., so that that I L made maae the rite door aoor to to have have no no creaking]. ersaiia"91. (S.) k1M




'~ t A man (S, L) tried and strengthened b!n experience; expert, or experienced: (T, S, L, 1 :) or (so in the L; in the l, and) nwho has experienced probations, trials, or calamities, (Lh, L, .K,) and thus become a vigorous manager of affairs. (TA.) See also:. .tiq and of .. [Moles]: used as pl. of ,1, (L, 15, &c., art. .. ) (L, },)

of a door. (IAar, TA.) [Chald. WN?2 vectis, pessulus: (Golius:) which suggests that the original signification may be that assigned by IAsr: but the first and second and third are alone agreeable with the following verse.] AO, cites this ex.:

inf. n. j~. ; (T.;) The promise came to pass, and was accomplished: (A, Mgh:) or the pronmie was prompt, or quick, in takling eefct: (Msb :) or the thing promised (T]) caine, ar.irived, or became present: (lK, TA:) in thlis sense, the former is the more chaste; but both have been heard. (TA.) j-;~. is also trans.: see 4, in four places. 2: see 4. 349 *





[Boox I. (Mgh,) or J;ilI U;u, j,L.U, (A,) inf. n. 65: see 10, in five places. 6: sees.
. j. -;j.l, and t L.A.., He sought, 10. or asked, or demanded, the accomplishment of his want, from him who had promised Ahm; (Msb;)



(9, A, Mgb, 1,) He fought him: ( :)

or hAd Mt, or came, out, or forth, in the field, to fight him, (?, Mgh, Meb,) and fought him: (9, Mgh:) or he (a horseman) ent, or came, out, orforth, into th f~ld, tojight him, (another horsemin,) and they strove togethr until each of thesm m the other, or until one of them was -- signifies the same dain: (TA:) and tj tli ,meaning, (1i:) you say, as ;i,'t: ThA peope contended together in tah mutual shedding of blood; as though they hastened in doing so. (TA.) [Hence the saying,] '.; j t [If thou desire the re; .I *j:.l :jA- J ciprocalpr~ention of fighting, and the making of peace, let it be before fighting]: (A:) or


° (8,' ')


't I

lI (c, ) [the reciprocal preentionoffighting, and] the making of peace, are syn. You say, i.; ;1A ji~ and 'ij [should be] before the strivin togethdr, (a.LJJI, Thou art on the . , and j: 1 tj, as in the C]5,) or hastening, (aJtlQI, as in point of accomplidstng thy want. (~, 1i.) some copies of the 1V and in the TA, and, accord.


ji *J:.

He sought, (Mgh,) or ;M1t, () and 'Pj', the proof or asked, or demanded, thefulfilment he asked mie: (Mgh, l:) and .JS t*j& (TA.) promise. th of of him the fuvlment The demanding and re' Hence, ;11 tjJ ceiving of immunities. (Mgh.) You say also, [app. mean#' 1 ; ,, and ;j4, I;S5 ing, I sought, or asked, or demanded, of him the finishing, or completion, of a writing, or letter, or bool.] (A.)

[app. meaning, Quickly as the running of EshShamoow; ready with ready, or prompt with prompt;] is explained by IApr, as meaning, Thou bast given an evil recompense and I have recompensed thee in like manner: or, as he says in one place, this is said when one does a thing and thou dost the like thereof; he not being able to go beyond thee in word or in deed. (TA.) [Respecting this saying, Freytag says, in his Arab. Prov., i. 305, (where, for 1jqt we find j,..U,) that it applies to him who is equal to the execution of the things which he undertakes, as well good as bad: and that ~ is to be -..] supplied before

1. _,

aor. :; (S, Msb, g;) and j.,

to the latter, a.ll,) in fighting: (1, TA :) a

proverb: (S, TA :) relating to the prudence of him i, in three places. ~'j~": see who hastens to flee from him whom he has not power to withstand: ( :) or applied to him who i' .cl,;o j~e A recompens You say, (Meb, 1 :*) Li, is of contr. of' ,, or ;: seeks peace after fighting. (A'Obeyd, g.) I will assuredly pay thy recompense. (TA.) is perceived by sense; and kind one kinds; two Also, He contended with him in an altercation; the mind; of which by .t. Coming to an end; coming to nought; one kind is perceived with him; litigated with him. (TA.) dispaeed perishing; passing away. (TA.) - [Complete: latter kind is that which is attributed, in the (TA;) 4 in£n. (,) jl, 4. * accomplitshed.] - A promise that has been fdl- ]5ur, ix. 28, to those who assert God to have B:) but in this latter j n. inf. ;, aor. 1,) S, (ISk, and t ijq, filed; as also h.j: (TA:) or that has come associates: (Er-R.ghib, tropical. (TA.) [See also be to bnZ, sense is said it the in sense, or this is a subst. (ISk, O) and j;t, to pass, and is accomplished. (A, Mgh.) below.] You also say, (of a garment, of;4il, like W in that of ':UI; (Iar,p.326;) Present; ready; (9, M 9b, 15, TA;) as also i;a, meaning, It vas, or became, He accomplished his want: (ISk, S, 1:) and Vtj.": (I :) and t both, promptly, or quickly, A, M9b,) 'V..J, rendered unclean, dirty, filthy, or impure. (A, . IV. 3j' I accomplishedfor him his want. ", done, or gien (TA.) You say, , (app. an inf. n. of which ,4i, Mob, .1.)~ (A, Mgh, C1g,) and * j, (A.) _- jllj.l, Mgh, Mqb) [I sold it, or I sold to A, (~, ~.i the verb is ~,] Thu making a child't i ;J H,) sIefulfilled, or performed, tie promise: ( ( A,* Mgh, Cs:) or he made the promise to be him,] present, or ready, [merchandise,] for [or amulet, of any of the kinds described below, prompt, or qickh, in taking efect. (M 9b.) You present, or ready, [money,] (TA,) like XI't , V~oce (TA.) ] the me to Hefulfilled il I i;; say also, ~ (c.) (9, A, Mgh, Mbh,)i· i. e., ~, (9, A, Mb, K,) inf n 2. ;, tj also as TA;) promise; (15, accord. to the j, meaning, A debt to be ' :.lq ' And dirty, a: (TA :) and 4 V ~ I I made it to be paid t afuure time haU not be sold for ready (TA,) He rendered him, or it, unclean, filthy, or impure; (A, Msb, 15;) and t 'j prompt, or quick in taking eject to him. (Myb.) j. U is a proverb, moey. (Mgh.) And ^ (9, O) An [meaning Ready merchandise with ready money,] signifies the same. (S, A, 15.) El-Hasan said Lt%d.jq [Hence the saying,] . of a man who married a woman with whom he ingenuou manf'flsk what he promises: a pro(TA.) It is J,~ and q.t~ JqAa.l t like J V -. ; sa had committed fornication, r.l. I v verb: (TA:) alluding to the fulfilment of a preent ye [SeU Ia Ijq-. trad., a in said deor asking, worthy of the most to e is tlercfor sometimes, her, [He dcled promise: and a And A-) ( money]. ready for merchandise the El-Ilrith manding, the fulfilment thereof: -I ; 1 [Sin, or her]. (A, TA.·) - ,yA son of 'Amr said to 8akbr the son of Nahsbal, poet ('Abeed Ibn-EI-Abra, TA, art. ,,) says, crims, d~c him]. (A, TA.) and , ,, l)> 1 J .0 . ", Shall I guide thee to booty and one fifth of it .-.P, He charmed him; or fortiJied him by a be for me?" and he answered, "Yes :" so he of the kinds described b charm or an amulet [of any I * guided him to some people from El-Yemen, and 0 (TA.) q.v.]; syn.. below, soce , 1akhr made a sudden attack upon them, and ubi supra;) [And whe griefs attend TA, (§, qngaged with them in conflict, and overcame, and 4: see , in two places. thee, know that] they are, some, debts to be obtained booty; and when he turned back, payments some, and periods, future at payed ". _ ~AHe did a deed whereEl-lirith said to him the above words, and ee 5. 3 : money. (TA, ubi supra.) The saying ready in skbhr fulfilled his promise to him. (].) leamss. dirt, lth, or [of 'Abd-Allah Ibn-'Amir El-[urasbee, owner by to become free from fti j.l. He hastened and completed, or j.i1 say. U and -3 you of a horse named Esh-Shamoos, (TA, art. impurity; ( ;) lilke as made ctain, the laughtr of the dslain man; and %'t.;b, meaning, he did a deed whereby to o.4z,)] (Abu-l-Midiam Es-Sulamee r. ' i. q p L5q become free from crime, sin, &c. (TA.) 0 and 1 ) 1

*or. ', (1g,) acoord. a., aor. ;; (Msb ;) and to some, but the books of good repute are silent (9, respecting this last; (Mb ;) inf. n. Msb, TA,) of the first; (Mob;) and a.l;, (TA,) or this last is a simple subst. [as the verb , j to which by rule it should belong is not of good authority]; (Mqb;) It was, or became, unclean, dirty, filthy, or impure; (Msb ;) [i. e.,]

Boor I.]
* a


himn: and in like manner it is used with respect to marriage, [i.e., with respect to dowers,] and other things: (A, Mgh, Mqb:) and the doing thus is forbidden: (Mgh:) it is fromn J signifying "he roused" game: (Mgh :) or from the same verb signifying " he concealed himself; " because he who does so conceals his intention: (Mb :) or he augmented the price of an article of merchandise, not desiring to purchase it, but in order that another might hear him and augment in the same manner: (A'Obeyd, L:) or he outbade in a sale, in order that anothermight fall into a snare, he himself not wanting the thing: (S:) or he augmented the price of an article of merchandise, or praised it, in order that another mnight see that, and be deceived by him: (Ibraheem El-Harbee:) or he praised an article of merchandise belonging to another in order that he might sell it, or dispraised it in order that it might not be easyfor him to sell it: (ISh:) or he concurred with a man desiring to sell a thing, by praising him: (Abu-l-KhattAb, g:) or he bargained,:ith a man desiring to sell a thing, offering him a large price, in order that another might see him and fall into a snmare: or he scared people fron&one thing to another: (s:) also, he praised a thibg; or it exceedingly, or for that nvhich was not praised is that of skin piece and t (IAir.) = Also, A little [See also &;.4, below.] :~. and [&c.], applied to a man, signify Unclean, &c., put upon the notch [which is the place] of the in it, or exceasively andfalscly; syn. . (TA.) bowy-string. (TA.) [The lie. a (TA.) forged, l"bl: and he invented, or [both properly and tropically]. two following examples are said in the A to be t';. 'J, (S, Mgh, It is said in a trad., (S,) VI a ;: see , -ae X [.e,n I .,1.1 IW tropical.] Msb,) i. e., Ye shall not practise , or ;: areof several hinds, and most of tanm are unclean.] (Mgh, Msb:) or J~.L signifies the biddingone yl~ [Verily 1 tL 3 (A, TA.) And 1; against another,successively increasingtheir offers, L; the associatersof others with God are but unnclean], in a sale, or other case; (K;) for it sometimes sig., (S, u n. inf. Msb,) *, (S, aor. ";, 1. ,; nifies the doing so in the case of a dowv,y, in order [ix. 28,] (S, A, TA,) or ~, ]ur, said in the, ]k,) He concealed himself. (Msb.) - that the doing so may be heard,andthe amount may or ' ,~, accord. to certain readers. (TA.)~' [And hence, He pursued game, or objects of the consequently be augmented: (TA:) and Sh menAlso, all the above forms, A man having an in:) or] he roused game, or tions, with respect to f J.;l ', on the authority chase: (see Jlq See also _l. curable disease. (TA.) objects of the chase, (S, Mgh, I,) and scared of Aboo-Sa'eed, another thing, whichl is allow4r a them from placetoplace. (TA.) You say also, able, namely, [that it signifies the conspiring to see ,. ,_: meaning, They scared the chase, promote the marrriage of] the woman who has .11 4ic I-, or game, tonards him, and drove and collected it to been married and divorced time after time; and him. (TA.) - He searchled after a thing, and [the sale of] the article of merchatndise that has 'ol": see 4. . see roused it. (Sbh, A'Obeyd, K.) This, accord. to been bought time after time and then sold. (TA.) unclean, or bones of the dead, or a menstruous rag, which used to be hung upon him for whom i,<; see ~r;. . , there was a fear of the jinn's, or genii's, being attached to him: (.K:) or the hanging of some such thing upon such a person, as a child or any A , Meb, g) and other; for they used to say that the jinn would (S,A, and *,~ not approach those things: (TA:) or a thing i (A. O, ) Unand , · which the Arabs used to do,'as an amulet, to drive clean, dirty, filthy, or impure: (A, Msb, ':) also arway thereby the [evil] eye: (S:) t , the last of these is only used when the word is is the name of a hind of amulet: (IAar:) and &.': (ISd:) or only preceded or followed by .t? . is syn. with 3. ; [by which may be : (Fr, S,* and when it is preceded by meant either that it signifies an amulet, or that it in the Durrat-el-Ghowwa :) but this remark is a quasi-inf. n. of 2; for it is said that] it is correctly applies only to the greater number of . , or a, , as signifying . app. a subst. from aJ instances: (M, F:) the second of the above five (IAar.) See also 2. forms is an inf. n. used as an epithet; (A, Msb;) .O. and is [therefore] used as sing. and dual. and pl. _.- One who hangs, upon him for wvhom and mase. and fem., without variation: (TA:) isfear, unclean things, such as bones of the there [and the first and last are also used as pls., as will be seen below; but when so used, I suppose dead, and the like, to drive away the jinn, or genii; because these beings shun such things; (S,* 3 or some other coll. gen. n. to be understood:] fic by charms or amulets A, TA;) one vhoforti the pl. [of every one of the other Ibrms] is j,AI (k:) [of the hinds above mentioned]; syn. ja: (A, Msb, TA) and [of the fourth and fifth, and [a pl. of which (A:) and V : ' perhaps of the first and third also, though I do pl-. (TA.) . not remember similar instances,] l the sing. is not mentioned] is syn. with O ..

The name of a thing, either something might see him andfall into the snare thus laidfor


Sh, is the primary signification: [but accord. to klrI~: see 1: Uncleanness, dirtiness,Jfilhiness, Fei, the primary signification is the first given or impurity. (Msb.) - In the conventional above:] and hence the saying in a trad., &W 'j language of the law, A particularuncleanness, of -i 1j-aJl I l'he sun i1!v- Z Cl such a kind as renders prayer invalid; as urine, does not rise until three hundred and sixty angeLs and blood, and wine. (Msb.) rouse it. (TA.) - He drew forth, educed, or elicited. (K.) - He collected together (S, ~) (Sa A, K) and , a ld J :'.1; camels [&c.] after a state of dispersion. (S.) (TA) An itcurable disease: (S, 1, TA:) or a aor. ', He droo vehemently. (TA.) ~ ,. (A.) See lisease that baffles the Oj' .. (S, A, A! Mgh, Mob, K) (Mob, TA,) inf. n. and ,;R, [which is the form generally used by the professors of practical law,] (ISh, Mgh, Sgh, '.I [Miore, and most, unclean, dirty,.flthy, TA,) or this is a simple subst., (Mib,) He ) or impure]. You say, jS.l L~ i'1 L5Sj demanded the sale of an articleof merclhandisefor [Thou wvilt not see any one more unclean than the more than its price, (A, Mgh, Msb,) not mcanttj unbelieer]. (A, TA.) to purchase it, (Mgh, Msb,) in order that another

6: see 1, last part. said to be a subst. from i~,J, see .: see 1.







(S, Mgh, I,) the form preferred by El-Firabee, , (Mgh, Msb, K,) which is .~I! (Mgh,) and the more common, (Msb,) but the former is the and l A ;jl] more chaste, (Sgh, V,) and [t I withl kesr to the ;., which is said to be the more and is preferred by Th, (TA,) but a,) chaste, ( teshdeed of the C is a mistake, (Mgh, MF,) The





name of the King of the Abyssinians; (I Drd, ;) or made to reciprocate, (>.a,) in his inside; as I He (a camel, S) had a cough, or coughed. (S like as one says Lq . and ;.3; an Abyssinian also tV j and V i J: (B :) [each of these K.) = i_, [aor. :,] inf. . He went, verbs,.of wrord: (IDrd:) or a certainKingofthieAbyssinians, which the last seems to be the most travelled, orjourneyed, at a quick pace: (AA, S, wrhose name was .a..~l; (Mgh, Msb, K;) [as common, signifies, as is implied in the L &e., and E:) or with a light pace: (K :) writh much is commonly said; but authors differ respecting accord. to present usage, he made a reiterated exertion and perseverance. (TA.) [The inf. n. humming in hi. throat, like a slight coughing, or, only is mentioned, and said, in the S, to be syn. his name;] and I.Kt says, that L. .tJ is in Coptic a..~l, meaning "a gift:" (TA:) or as somne say, more oiolent than coughing; as is with .] originally the proper name of an individual, and often done by a niggard when he is asked for a 2: see 1. = inf. n. the thing :] t is well known, (S,) and a;'l afterwards a common title. (MF.) is like it; (Lth, S ;) it is [the making a sound, strove, or exerted themselves, in their work; ,. I;: . see , in four places. or sounds, in the throat,] slighter than coughing; w,orked vith energy: (AA, S, 1 :) or they wrent and Is the pretence of the niggard: (Lth :) or it on, travelled, or journeyed, (nith energy, TA,) .,. : see ..U, in two places. until they came near to the water: (C:) they is more violent than coughing; as also 1. made a hardjourney by night, in order to arrive ;.G 6A pursuer, or capturer, or insnarer, of (L.) See also .~. - [Hence, from the sound at the water on the morrow. (S.) U, L'b;. amnte, or ovjects of the chase; (Msb;) as also employed, i, aor. *, Ire incited, or urged on, lfe pursued our journey, laborioudly, or with ' ~e_ and ' 1'.; (lbn-'Abbid, :;) because a camel. (.t.) energy. (TA.) - IU JI .. _ t Tbe journey lie conceals himself: (Msb:) or [,!. and] R. Q. 1. See t.' f . lle repulsed him harassed suclh a one, (.K,) being long. (TA.) - ,DtI and 1 u.j. signify one nwho rouses the (namely an asker, or a beggar, L) in afoul, or T J, · liand e applied himseif gamn, or oljects of the chase; (Az, TA;) and so an abominable,manner. (L, K.) to a thing, or set about it, and adhered to it. t and ..,A_.: (L:) or P~U aind (TA.) R. Q. 2: see t i (Akh, K) [and t p accord. to 3. .~tU, (inf. n. '..'.~', TA,) He laid a bet, A... ! . Niggardliness; avarice. (g.) Also, some copies of the K] and 1 ,4. (Az, .K) one nwho rouses them in order thiat they may pass by contr., Liberality; bounty; munificence; gene- or wvager, with him, (K,) y! ,,i respecting a the pursuer, or capturer, or insnarer, thereof: rosity. (g.) thing. (TA.) _ ' i ; - C.tI cited him, (Akb, Az, I :) or .qC signifies one who scares t-c [ QVey niggardly, or avaricious]: or invited him, to submit our case to such a oe as thenm tonard.s hi,n, and drives and collects tlhm to the latter word is an imitative sequent: (, K :) judge; I cited hinim before such a one as judge. Ihim: (S, A, TA:) and V one who drives or it is a corroborativ.e syn. of the former: (MF:) (S, K.)_.2o_.. I contended writh hi,n, or disputed rehemently; (TA;) or one w'ho urges canmels; as though meaning one who when asked for with him, for.glory, or honour, or .superiorityin (A;) or wcho collects then ac.fter a state of dis- something, disliking to give it, has recourse to a glorious or honourable qualities and the like, (V,) before a jalge, or ump,ire. (TA.) - Talhah persion: (.S:) and t .i. [with teshdeed to pretencee, anl makes a reiterated breathing [or lhumnming ill his tllroat] as a feint to hide his said to ibi,-'A,b,bs, t.j ,,i l Jti Sj thte as well as to the L.,] one who drives, or urges, trarelling-camnelsand other beasts of car- unwillingness. (L.) [See also a'.iti.] fil (8) [or L.' 1 fJ : for I fiil it stated in riage, in the market-place, to elicit their qualitioes the margin of a copy of the S, that J left the final sec al. of.pace: (AA, TA:) and this last also signifies letter of ~.3 without a vowel lpoint, either fet-hah [absolutely] one who draws forth, or elicits, a 3iNi_ggardly, or avaricious, men: base, or Inammeh:] 1I'ilt thou that I contend with thee, thing. (A'Obeyd, TA.) Also, One who prac- ungenerouS, mean, or sordid, men, n,ho mahe a or dispute with thee, for glory, or hoIour, and ties r ., or .. ij, in an affair qf btying and reiterated humming in the throat (J .) that thou enumerate thine excellencies and the selling: (Mrb, TA:*) [see 1:] and * .tui one n,hen they are asked for something: (A:) pl. of honour whichl thou derivest from thiinc ancestors &c., I d(loing, the like, and that thlou iput the ,who does so mnuch, or often. (Msb.) t _ j: or a pl. havillg no sing. (TA.) [See Prophet out of the qucstiou, not mentioning thy alsos -- ] relationship) to him, since this excellence is conut'.'.: | see .; tihe latter, in two

[Boox I.




places. A saying dran,n forth, or elicited: _, inf. n. 'i.n ; (A;) He vowed; made (TA:) and a forged saying, in which is falsehood. a vonw; (S, .(;)put hi,nse·f under an obligation (IA;r, TA.) to do a thing. (A.) _ . , aor. -, inf n. ]He laid a bet, or teager; betted, or wagered (s.) [TLe explanation of the inf. n. by iJ;, e 1:see art. j.. in the 1~, seems to imply that it is the same as 3; but this appears to be doubtfiul.], i &C. aor. 7, (S, M9b,) or :, (J,) inf. n. e_, (S, 1,) See Supplement.] or this is a subst., (Mob,) and _Z; ( ;) and t ,1..:1; (S, ];) Hre raited his ooire with weeping, or vwailing; wept, or wailed, loud; (S;) 1. ~, aor.;, inf. n. , lie (a man) re- wept, or wailed, most violently; (M, K1;) wept, or wailed, with prolonged voice. (TA.) iterated a sound, or made it to reciprocate, (;o.j,a) _, in his inside: ($, L:) or his voice was reiterated, aor. (, ( ) int n. . tai (S) and _ ()

ee(del to thee? 1. ,, aor. ; , in£ n. ; (S, A, K ;) and


, , J. j

6. Ie~W They appointed together a time,
J.ti. for fighting; and sometimes for other



8: see 1.le sighed rvehemently; (.i ;) nwept and sighed vthemently. (TA.) ,I o. (, .) He died: or he was slain in an expedition undertaken for tie sake of God's religion : originally meaning
he accomplished his vow: see

xxxiii. 23:


(Msb :) as though he had constrained himself [by a vow] to fight until he died: (TA:) or it signifies he ended his term, or period of life; ended his days: (Fr, Zj:) [or he finished his time: (as implied in the ;): or he yielded his soul: or he accomplished his wrant :] from significations given

BooK I.]
0. ,. ' #a,,


and jtL. He prroceeded, or journeyed, in a He sighed dloud: the inf. ns. syn. withll · r (1.) So in the following verse direct course, not desiring [to pursue] any other: J,.-j - 0,.) syn·. , jel . as though he had made a vow to do so. Elof Jereer: . 4It (wood or the like) 8: see 1. - ;1 Kumeyt says, was [cut, or hewn; formed, or fashioned, by cutting; cut out, hewed out, or shaped out; ·* ; , 1 ; 1o .,;t,,,' _ I5o chi)pped ;] worked by a carpenter: [pared, Ieeled, barted, or deprived of its outer covering: sawn]. [In Tihhfeh we contended nith the sword with the kings; and our horses, in the evening of Bistidm, ; 1 . Hli (a camel's) L.. (L.) _is meant the man. ISd says, Th [i.e. toes or .feet] were worn, abraded, ntastedl, ran for a great bet]. (TA.) __ proof; By .1 (J.) cites this verse, and says in explanation of it, lecsened, or attenNated. (L.) a demonstration; anevidence: svn. A necessity; want; needful thing; an object This was a man who swore, saying, If I do not (S, K) (g) and tI ; and .toL overcome, I will cut off my hand. Ile seems to .1.. (K.) See rS of want or need: syn. consider it as implying the signification of vowilg. :'Nature; natural, or native, di.sposition, temper, above. So in the L. But it requlires consideration. See ".i,j Death. (K.) .~ or other property; ($, K ;) a particularcast, or A term; fixed period; the period of life. J1.i " T1L'e pro- fJa.sion, of constitution, after which a man is [as (TA.) - , i J , above. - The soul: syn. a (.J.) See 4.; ceeded, or journeyed, thither during three nights it were] cut out [by the Creator]: (TA :) and the first, thce source, or origin, fiom iwhich one is [as u.~. (AO, .·) _- lind; purpose; aspiration; of laborious travelling. (TA.) _. .e (J.) desire; ambition: syn. '.· ;]. (Lh.) it rwere] cut out: [see also , below. (TA.) _ A great bet, or wager: L

Alaborious journey: syn.
_2, (TA,) and




A quick

The same epipace, or journey. (.K, TA.) thets are likewise applied, in the same sense, to a

. A quick (or light, ],) man. (TA.) _ pace, or mode of going, travelling, or journeying, (AA, S, ,) n-ith mutch exertion and perseverance.
_. u wJ ;1 Such a one went (TA.) on; travelled, orjourneyed, with energy; [lit.,for a great bet, or wager;] as though be had laid a [great] bet, and therefore strove, or exerted himself. (S.) Length. (AA, I~.)· .....· · J$~


Generosity is [a pa1rt] ,f his · C *l nature; or, [dlerived] fronm his source. or origin. *3 * * . aor.;, (S, L, K,) contr. to analogy, (Lh.) _1. ;, p&lie is of a ,rondcfiid 11 (TA,) and :, (L, K,) which is the form preferred -. I nature. (TA.) - t ;.; by IJ, because of the guttural letter, but this is disputed by MF, (TA,) and2, (K,) which is the generous in nature, or disposition. (AZ.) ;,,w Unmixed [i.e. severe] cold: (K.:) but -;, form of weakest authority, (TA,) inf£ n. .. (TA.) (S,) lie cut, or hewed; formed, or fashioned, by this is said to be a corruption of cutting; cut out, hewed out, or shaped out; [See also ... ] chipped: syn. LS: (S, . :) he norked wood _ -.A combb: syn. aor o . (So in and the like as a carpenter; syn. _.:: he pared, t. A hof pIeeled, barkel, or deprived of its outer covering difSren t copies of the K.) = ". by lparing,abra.ure,or wearingaway the exterior: of whichi the edges have gone [or become abraded, j. , been worno away]; (S, ] ;) [and so t its place J_., wherc, in in the .K in art. occurring - : An ) S.] in the S, wc find . emaciated camel: (.K:) a camel n,ho.s feet arc ! A worn, abraded, or wasted. (L.)j F.

H,_.. [so in tlhe TA: perhapls, _j Xlnt ] A long day. (Ermore probably _ .. A s,pace of time: a time. Riyashee.) . i nabove. - Sleep: syn. (S, y.) See Z1 ;j. (T,K: in some copies of the ;', . (L, .: in some copies of the rio7;TA.) FAt,nr. . tiss.) (or
violence; :'r.: or distress; d.ficult/; adersit!s; ,'c.].

li e sawed. (L.) [See also :J.] Accord. to is only persome, the operation termed .: formed upon something hard and strong, as stone and wood and the like. (MF.) [t -a;;l seems to signify lie cut, &c., for himself:] you say, .. K , TA.) _. a [ (K.) ;L7 Z _ I,i I 1 .q. F e[Cut, or hew, I.q. ae [Vehite;mence; for thyself, of tle wrood, rwhat will sufice thee fi)i

[portion of the] trunk of a tree, wchiclh is heirn out, and hollowedl, in thefjornm of ajarsuch as is called

(K.) (.K.),A gamne of hazard: syn.;. A great camel. (.K.) Perhaps a mistake for ,...J. (TA.) ' ': (TA.) ., a.. .. 6. [A lot used in sortilege: or a°., !i. q. ' lots collectively: or sortileJe itself;] (K;) from "he cited him before a judge ;" "he cons.._ tendled with him for glory;" and "he laid a bet, or wager, with him;" because it is, as it were, a judge, or that which decides, in a case ofsortilege. i c mUll, j QJ 91 I.I (TA.) - t--sJ'tL s; [If men knew what o-~ ~l !j,;. advantage is attained by being in the.frat row of the congregation in the mosque, they would fiht for it, and not advance but by lot]. (TA, from

Any(L.) for bees: pl. ,, or. : (A.) (L.) is bad of anything. thing bad; what inf. n. _, lie cut out, or hewed out, a house in the mountain. In the Kur, x9. 82, El-Hasan ' One who introduces himself among a people, and lices with them, not being of their race. O .. (Mob.) [Accord. [El-Basrce] reads , , (S, .K.) , (in the CK, his reading is to the ,Am..;: see ;..z . ') but this I find nowhere else, and I J; 1 skbelieve it to be a mistake.])-Z;.S Cuttings, chips, parings, and the like, [He was fashioned afterthemodelofgenroity; (S, g,) of wood [&c.]. (TA.) Inivit made by nature generous]. (A.) -_ d.._iJ: see .;; and ;. but the latter is puellam: ( :) as also -_;

the better known. (TA.)_ ,L., inf. n. ', I The source, or origin, of a nman, [from 1 He beat, struck, or smote, him with a staff, or /[ which he is, as it were, cut out]: pl. ' ... -. ' He Hej]._ threw stick: (TA :) [as also 9~ z. I :He (TA.) See also .;'. _ him down prostrate. (.) - £J1 He is of an excellent source, or origin. (A.) a trad.) blamed; reprehended; reviled a man. (L.) , ....14i @ They are of generous sources, or 1It (a journey, or taj A cough that attacks camel : as also [ee also .] travel) emaciated a camel ( :) it made a man origins. (A.) ;,I_.j and jlt_j. (Az from AZ.) See 1. (Mqb, TA) An ,;2 (s, O) and V , l;.,IA reeping, or wailing, woman: pl. Ies; madehimthint,orslender. (TA.)implement with which one performs the oleration and ';, -e ?] inf.£ n. ;. (TA,) [aor. ; and -_lj,..... (TA.)



;7[o -


[Boox I.

of cutting, hewing, and the like; (S, K, L;) an also,] ), jl `;., (8, A,) inf. £n. ; (A,) I 5.. [or animal brought as an oFering to Meh~lu adz, or addice. (Myb.) ;m.,; or to th Kaabek or to the iaram, such as a became oppo~te to the man; syn.o, i camel, cow, bull, sheep, or goat, to be sacrifieed,] (A, (S;) Ifaced, or fronted, him; syn. X$. ;A..1: see z. 4c., is stabbed, or stuck: (S, V :) or the place, in TA.) And ;.1s j .11 J, [or -"_i,] (1,) the throat, where a beast is stabbed, or stuck: JI. [A horse haring the hoofs aor. :, (TA,) t The house faced, or fronted, the (Msb:) _ is masc, (Lh, I,) only: (Lb :) [or much worn.] (IDrd, IS, art. JAm..) house; (g, TA;) as also t ;l4 6. (TA.) And sometimes fem.: see an ex., voce :] its pL is , t Their houss face, or front, A word cotnpounded l1.o1 ,. ;.,_: ssee , ". .J, (A, Myb, 1,) only: (TA:) and the pi. of [See also 6.] And Abu-ltle road. (A.) ', -J' _, of two [or more] weords; such as ' (A.) ~also signifies '~. is )..Lt. Gheyth says, that the last night of the month, J^., J_., &c. (Mhb, TA, art. J.+.) with its day, is called j..JI for this reason, I The first, the first part, or the commtencemt, of the day; (S, 1 ;) and of the month, (15,) as L.'1 S411 Iv_s", i.e., Because it beIN .tliS; (TA;) and of the , which is also comes opposite to the month that is after it: or .,.; dial. form of -J : (Kr:) ISd thinks because it reaches the first part of the month that when the sun has reached its highest point, [especially in summer,] as though it had reached is after it. (S.) (TA.) the , to be a substitute for j. (1.) the &_, as also V *J/: (TA:) pl.Z. 3: see 1, near the end. 4~ .. &ec., S He came in the You samy j J



another in the.. j, n. a_ (S, Msb, 1) and __ (Msb) and ;~.i [an intensive form], (15,) Hle stabbed, or stuck, Here the verb is used in its proper sense. (TA.) '-)1 '.s 'A J Ws, (A, 15,) and [Hence,] _ (A, 1j,) a camel, (A, TA,) or a beast, (Msb,) , (A,) or in v? [but generally the former,] in his '1g,) The people were .:.(,, A(,A, , a; mutually niggardly, or tenacious, or avaricious, (TA,) n,here tle windpipe (..ij.) his _, commences in the upper~ost part of the breast; of the thing, (S, A, 1,) so that tley almost sle


(A, M(b, M,,)

nor. :, (Mob, g,) inf.

6. JWLil

~ I.

e". (S," TA) They stabbed one first partof the day, &c. (TA.) See also .. 5,aa 1s Sucl a one sat i or slew one another, in fight. = Also, in front of such a one; facing him; opposite to ;l[H. He, or it, behim. (A.) And , came infront of, or opposite to, him, or it]. (..) And l, This is infront of,facint, or opposite to, this. (Fr, TA.)

, !;!jI (K, TA ;) [i.e., in the Li; for] . in the ;J is one another. (1 , TA.) 1 o_'; ; ._: see. Jl.*, like C in the throat. (S.) [lence,]. t The two houses face, orfront, each other. (1..) [The day of the stabbing of the camels 4c.]; (1 ;) [The like is also said in the A.] Fr. says, I with tenween, t I met ;.J ; eff. ;_ ;-t-"_", [the festival of the stabbing of the have heard some of the Arabs say ,.LJ .5., Hand p"11 .. and (Sgh, ].) See ;4. in open viewr. him ramels 4-c.]; (Mqb;) the tenth of [the montl,] [for .t;.,]t Their places of abode face, or i is opposite to this. (TA.) Dhu.l-.[lijeh; (]g;) because then the camels and front, one another; this (S), (): ?v . Soundly, or *..a A, 1) and cows and bulls brought as offerings to Mekkeh, the himself in (a man, S) stabbed 8. j-l He thoroughly, learned; (S ;) or skilled or shilful, infor sacrifice, are stabbed. (TA.) - lie slew. a (K.) It is said in [._, (S,) or slea himsel. telligent, experienced, (A, 1, TA,) or, as some (TA.) - -~, aor. and inf. ns. as above, He 3LJI j, . [The robber was say, (TA,) sound in what he does, skilful and proverb, ' hit, or hurt, hij~m. (]1.) You say J .jI Z',robbed, and in consequence lkam himself]: (S:) intelligent, knowing and sltilful in everything: of the man. (S.) I hit, or hurt, the vj because he masters (.~.) knowledge or science: [Hlence,] t.Lj_jtA'-),J. t [IIe mastered affairs, ]or~Ul~ jC l ,pm [lapp. meaning, The robber (A, K, TA:) pl. of the former,..jtmj. (A.) or the affairs, by hnowledge, or science]: (A): robbed, and so occasioned his own slaughter: for tropically]. is here used that the verb it is said he k~ affairs soundly, or thoroughly. (.ar, ,e.." A camel [or other beast] stabbed, or stuch, (TA; and so in a copy of the S, and of the A.) 2nd ed. of Paris, p. 9O, Corn.) And '..lJI °_ [The former reading, which I prefer, is given in (g. TA,) in the ~., (TA,) where the windpipe t [IHe masters knowledge, or science, indeed]. Freytag's Arab. Prov, q.v., vol. i. p. 618.] (A, g.) Jereer was asked respecting the Islamee t It (a cloud) butrst wnith much wmater. (A.) See.also 6. a: ; [meaning, j.¥2A ; oets, and answered,

"The bow," or "the arrow, of the poets belongs ,a1.l, (S, Mqb,) or ;JI Z, (A, 15,) Tle to El-Farezdalk ;" applying the term .a.- in this manner because bows and arrows were made of uppermost port of the breast, or chest; (A, 1 ;) (Sb, IB, g :) or the place of hie tree called ]: so it was said, "Then what as also tj;.'Ji: necklace : (A, .1 :) or that part of collar or the hmst thbou left Ibr thyself?" and he answered, the breast or chest which is the place of. the collar 'JI $;>.:i; t :[I hare mastered poetry , or necklace; (S, Mgb ;) so accord. to A'Obeyd: L sJl,,. i,deedil. (A.) You say also, v :) which is also called · 1: (TA, art. .r,3 I knew thu thing thoroughly, or superlatively (S :) or the breastor bosom or chest itself: (TA:) (Bd in iv. 156.) well; as also L.JO ,J. or y..;J, the pl., is also applied to the breasts or [Hence also,] i5.J1 w- tHe performed, or heslts: (Msb:) and ;I1, (A,) ort l (S, recited, the prayer in the first part of its time. A, M.b, 1K, TA,) also signifies the part in nhich occurring in a trad., may a camel is stabbed, or stuck; (A, TA; where the (TA.) 1JI,,_, mean either t May God hasten to do them good, windpipe (A, commences, in the uppermost c) (lAth.) - [Hence part of the breast: (TA :) or the place where the or may God slay theh. I

( c) ommences, in the uppermost part of the signifies [the brea.xt; (1., TA;) and *; same: and] slaughtered: (TA:) the former is (TA:) masc. and fern., and the fern. is also ;'..: pl. ofn.., (.K,) andl of ;,a., (TA,) CSj.2 and A son devoted (15, TA.) -_ Ji.J and M_. to be sacrificed: of the measure of the measure
.ai in the sense



= tv

t The first day of 'thc month; [as also, app., ':] or the /, and V 4 . ,:11t.Wi, and t4 last thereof; (.K;) as also tLil: (TA:) or the . last night thereof; (S, 1 ;) as also J.." : (1 :) or the last night thereofwith its day [i.e. the day because immediately following]; as also t ;j.I; it becomes opposite to that which is next after it, or because it reaches to the first part thereof [or

BooK I.]
manner an irreg. pl. of..3,. (TA.) (In, of the following month]: (Abu-l-Gheyth, .:) p. doubt is exptssed respecting and ;a1 ,(K.,) both extr. [as p. rv*, a (S, 1~) as but only from (TA,) as to its being a pl. of ; ple. of ;m", but reg. as pis. of ; i.U], ignorance of their being any authority for its ignomnee [and app. ~-., being agreeable with rule as pl. being and being so: it may, however, be pl. of "_, aee J signifies i.q. or] of read, some 19,] [liv. Iur, not of ,In tbe 4-¢ .~ -Ay. 5i ,4, ' _. (TA.) You say also ?;i .~ ~ j [In a day o. un)rogero,anes]: _. sigrnitying lIe otliers and e~.6, and c ;", t [app. . others read _ as an epithet. (g.) See . came on the first day of the month.] And .1;1 Also, Difficulty, distress., trouble, or fatigjue; Also, 4c. J, and ll, %J and syn. or condition; state evtil or har, injury, ha ni t [app., I see him not sare on the first days of the andj..b: andj..: pl. w..1. (TA.) montha.] (A.) (S, A) and '_ ($, A, K) and Jsee _ (A, and* , e (TA) and *,~ .- _" TA) Unprosperous, unfortunate, inauspicious, or ' utalucky. J.j and A, K.) You say, 1- unalucky. (S, and e:. ~ and J^U: see .J (A) and -,. (A, TA) [An unpros.I. ,]Iparts facing, infront The of J ik,JI, [pl. .. 1l. (TA.) perota perotu man]: pl. of the last, of, or opposite to, the earth or land. (TA.) and t.] [and " (S, A, TA) And L~ A L~ 0 ' j1: see;Jl, in two places. (TA) and ,(A, ,a. (A, TA) and ,,'. l, ] an intensive epithet applied to a man, (An [An unprosperousday]: and in the pl., ,.3.; 0 . is originally :] (wiiicli [whichi seems to indicate that [A great slaugjhterer qf camels; as also it !' , which and signifyiing t Liberal; bountiful; nun.ificent; an inf. n.,] (TA,) and ;L.-, and .4a; is pl. of !..-~, (Az, TA,) and ! (K,) CJ, and orgener,us. (S, TA.) You say t.lj"t,

itself: (Ibn-Buzurj:) or the latter signifies . signifies smoke in which i no Jlaume: (, Jel:) or smoke t/at rises high, and of which the heat is weak, and which isfreefromJlame: (Agn :) or imak, which molten !: (Bd :) and some read ,.,, is the pl. (Bd.) See also ,.l_.J.

(s, A, K) and *, J (.S,1) and ,.i ,t,.tJ(, but excluded by the TA) Nature; ;t..j
natural, or native, disposition or temper or othier quality or property: (S, A, g, TA:) and origin: (S, A, TA:) or that to which the origin of a ' thing reaches. (IAkr, 1g.) You say,


(s,) s,uch a one is generous of nature, &c., and origin. (., A.) X= See also oahJ, in two places. ... '.. (s, A,) and 3,
. ,.

* :
. &·





A worker of copper or brans: a coppermA [,s.,_ smith.] ,;lJ: -_ see see ,., in two places.

A place of unprosperounets, unforiu. or unalukiness: pl. inausiuiciousl.s, tateness, _l.~. (}ar, p. r,,.)

[ A cause of unpirosperousnes, untforVerily he is a [great] slaughterer of the fat [its pl.] .;:;, ., (.K,) [and ($, TA,) and inauwsiciownes, or unluckincs: pl., tunatenel, 0, - [They are app. fa-^ ,J camels: (S, K:) and (TA.) In and [its pl.] U..-.l. f -1,] 3.) .]. (A, TA, art. accord. to rule, app. great s.laughterers of camel]. (A.) _ .A, the gyur, [liv. 19,] some read, * : see "i, in three places. Faced,orfronted.(TA.) [In .: seeS. [In an unpros,erou. day], as well as and...... see (,5, TA:) and AA reads [in the Kur, xli. 1.5,] . (*, and ;l~_ is another reading. OtJ $L..j. a; and t ~ S ''~ (TA.) See Supplement.] (TA.) You also say, See Supplement.] mcaiiing, meaning, t A year of dearth or drought or sterility: And .(1Drd, (lDrd, .:) so they assert. (IDrd.)


1. aor.:;


aor. Z; (,

A, 1;) and

~ ,;


(19 ;) and

_m , like [its contr.]

_ and [of (Bd, xvii. 30;) inf. n. [of the first] the second Zwoo; (TA;) lie, or it, was, or became, unprosperous, unfortunate, inauspicious, or unlucky: ($, A, ll:) said of a man, (A, Bd,) and of a star, (TA,) or other thing. (S, TA.) 4. jIl smo·e. 6: see 8. 1 Hie becam overthrown, or.subverted; 8. _ .And the former is also said of as also. ,,.. , [or good fortune]. (A, TA.) a man's inUnprosperoumes, unfortunateness, 4 .aupiciou.neu, or unluckine; contr. of ,~ ; (, A, 1] ;) of stars, and of other things: pL [of .Z,I The fire had much (I$t!) i.e., .A..J,


_~ l and [of mult.]


; (TA;) and

is an irreg. pL of the same, (TA,) syn. (IDrd, ], TA,) which is in like with ,l,


VQt= 1 is an appellation of The trewo planets [aor., accord. to analogy, ,] in£.n. 1. turn and Mars: (Ibn-Abbaid, K :) like as (S,1.;) and V : ;; (IAqr, ;) IIe woent,or Saturn . [the contr.] JlmJl is applied to Venus and journeyed, rewhenently. (IApr, s, .) _ , Mercury. (Ibn-'Abbid.) aor.:!, , (L,) inf. n. , (S, L,) lie drove, and aor. urqed, and chid, camels: (L:) he drove veheurged, li:see to-: = and see ., (Lth,) [aor. ,] (Thli, S.) - J41i ' mently. 5._.Uj (Fr, K) and inf &c.) and * ,t,.la (S, K,&c.) ; (AM;) ] (Lth, K;) and t" in£. n. f .,,L.., (1.,) the last, (TA,) or all, (]i,) on the and ; (Lth;) lie chid the camels by the and authority of Abu-l-'Abbis El-Kaw6shee, (1,) a word of well-known meaning; (. ;) Copper: and rJ of tl {l (or I t, U in the Cg and a * , brass; syn. Jk: (g:) orj : (Ibn.Buzurj:) MS. copy of the I~: in the L written once t1 t lie might they in order that 1:) {l intentsely red: (TA :) a chaste and twice or a species of with folded legs: (Lth,. breasts, their upon donn Ambic Arabic word. (TA.) ~ Also, Fire: (IF, K:) and , i. and the sparhks thatfall from bras (A-), orfrom AM, L, :) you say L, . hammer: iron, when it is beaten (AO, K) with the a. , he did so vehemently. (Lth.) 6.1j.X;d L (TA:) or i.J. Kur, signifies nmoke: so in the Lth,) lie made a e ., (inf. n. , Also,t ' Iv.. lv. 35: (Fr, As, Bd, and others; accord. to Az, camel to lie down upon its breast, withfolded legI. all the interpreters of the Iur.; and it is wonderl , and (IAyr, Lth, S, W) _ fal ful that the author of the V has omitted this signification: TA:) but some say that it is [aor. c,] in£. . J, He made the camels to lie 0 down near by the collector of the alms required by and ,I-. >;.J signifies the smoke of .; D 350



[Boox I. the atar, calle aJ..~.., that he might take them a ~in accord. to some, in an absolute sense: (ISd :) or forrner the more approved word, (TA,) Chiose; payment of thos,e aims. (L.) inivit feminam peculiari quodams modo. (ISd, choice; Citoice select; preferred; .rred excellent; best: or ~.m.,aor. ~, inf. ni. . . It (an anit, mliat UQ. 1: see 1. whiat is chosen, ~c.: (Jr:) i. q. 4~ q. v.:() or a louse, TA) bit. (li.)~ H le was pi. pi. of the former (. R. Q. 2. E..~ x. .... J It (a camel) lay down upo . cowvard(y, and his intellect quitted him; syn. C lle d,t~ its breast, withi its legs folded. (Ltlr, S, gi.)lie camne with the best of his companions. Also, Shx'le, (a camiel,) lyfing upon he r art. U.*J li,i The choice piart of the goods, or 'r &; .*156spohe to (1)~II breast, with hter legsj;olded, raised her breast from n himt, and he was unable to relply to me: syn. ute?Lvitx, ute?Lvit'4,4c ; wvhatl was drawn, or taken, out forom the ground. (L.) thepP. (TA.) - A conipany, or troop), chtoen, them J~. (TA.) or selected, andt drawrn out,J5.omp the mnen. or Ex., t., [origisnally an inC. n., then used in th e A 4. .,.aJ (as also TA) l1Ie begqot a from from a trad., 1 ) LLii Wre wvent forth sense of a pass. part. n.,] Camels that are mad ecowardly son: (Kg:) from (TA.)with to lie domn near by the collector of gthe alms re with the chioen band. (TA.) - See 1 le begot a br.a tye,or cour.ageous, son : QZ~:) qutired by the law, called J, that he may tak e from Zca;.. (TA.) Thius the verb bears two and .,.aL, 11d..~L arnd them in paymtent of those almsr.(, Sce. a *r . conitr. sigrrifications. (K>.) See also Tlievltiii Thc ski,ai of the hearte. (TA.) ~S and Va~'t~ (in the CI( L. J)i.. (1 . *5 : see 8. see [Mlarrow, Jc.]. L an) 8. See 1.. 1[and? ~ S is shiowni 3-i-tai, i.q. LriJ >A.,and &;ALA, q.v by a verse cited in art. .,.L, c*onj. 4,1 lie c.hose, syn. withli syn. . (TA;) A wreak selectleil, or prefer-red, himn, or it. Q5, J~.) Ex. (TA.) inaii, id& mnan, whomp is no good: (K:) pl. 2~Z arid J~,a~L...4iJl ~. lIe chose, or sxelectedl, sortictimes, sonhictimes, in poet,.,.aL al.ior V caj or V icli, as occurring in tixi (TA.) from the people a hundred ment. (TA, from a following words of a trad., a,s~. a" . Lean; trad.) Lean; meagre; emaciated. (1~.) [No alms are requiired byl thte lawv in the case oj See 10. cSee S-Li. C'ongresrum viri concupirit fe~]is variously explained. (TA.) It is saik mina. (El-U mawee, 8, K(.) see *thlat io. signifies Slaves, (A0, Az, S, ]g,) mer, and women : (A0, Az:) also, a [single] mah Z,(li,) or V .le, (L, confirmed by thre see see slave: (IShr:) also, working bulls or cowsr; , citation of two examples in,) and LZ (l)and i,.?y " ( ) T e odex : s vn. . Zi ( , I~)andl so ac.2i: (K:) Tbi says that this is the





Fora men vulce ferw,: syn. ja.&. signifying the 'nct of driving vehecmenitly ;" antd Ks says ,Cl (TA.) - ic. .Fora'ntenpudendi: synt. thiat this is its meanaing, but thant it is onily , ...J j,&.. (Nhi.) , .a;... Cowardice; wieakewith drirramt ilbf. : (S :) also, asses, ,.*.., [in tio CKC, ness of hteart. (TA.) * 1. irbf'. It. lIe, osr pickhed . Sece ~ A rild, upl, and pulled qfj; or tore off, andl snatched awayl, j.,,,.,] (IAtnr, L, Is,) collectively; (L;) and so large, dr1aughlt; i.q. PCr-S. &ti3 [d6st.kfincec]. 76th 7;th his beake; syn. ;iL and ~ (, £(L, k) anda~-: (]g:) also, [attima&l reared f'ormcd by '7d transposition. ins housxes or tents : (IS :) ailso, n'hatercr are enmtranmsposition. (TA.) J a[or. f,l ill( n1. pi1oyed in labourp, of cantely, and bulls or coyrs, anid ..,lle Ile tooke ardate, or it,rodte,fo a brig or asses, anid slaveq; as also0 an...,: (Aboo.Sa'eed : ~(S, l~)and ?,,~, arid V Le' .j (so accord. or other receptacle fuw. tr 'l.n.p.csos 5 c. (]S.) also0, str ; arid so aA,. : also, drivers, leade,.s, to the TA: (]g.) - ... i [nor. ~,] irif. n. ...-oaL..i, lie pluhekd in the Cl #.S: and or attend(a nts, of caniels : (1~ out; :) also, thte ta king the CK~ t eL~ and oul; syn. J..L. (IAthi, L.) -= Sec 2. and (K) o?f a deenJrjfor hiimself by the collector of the alms 2. ~ (, K 2. ~~h required by the lan', called JL J as also ei le ,rent to H ~ , afe and ~ . e iand '. 15 Z aid the a n the d he has _finicshed rerciving those almns:( ut'nost length (, to h i h t in e C speakingy a d to such a ) also, mei. So in the NuwAldir. (Az, L.) [Accord. thbe deenidr itself sotaken is thus called. '(].) In A cowrardly man; a cowar.d; as thlough hlis gpic. alil these seruses thme word azi is explained in the lieart were drawn out; (~;) i. c., having no heart. to to the I,S ., inf. n. J 'O. rihove trad. (TA.) (TA.) C.S 4i"^[A cowardly heart]: al. Z&i A bite qf an anit. So in a tratd., al.i 0 signifies a coward, wvho has no heart: or, accord. tccord. to onec reading,: nccord. to aniotlier reading, anid :i see Aa. thiroughlouit. to some, oie who acts corruptly. (TA.) 1P1. (of terord. it t.~ i L J, T A , - I-j : (l.:) of t ,. and sometimes, in poetry, accor.d, to 1Athi, *. -j ~ au. o 2 f.)in 1 .... *..: and Aboo.lBekr mientions as a
., '*.(in -ei*

correct meanving, because it Is froal


p)1. ofa. .j
, ;~



~iil ~

and tXc.4 ~, l.,) and



J.. .: see ,.,.a.Jand ~J. ~= 4.. ".#',and (~,l~;) and 1; li'e dren', q. v., A4 bite of an ant. Bothi these 01. took," out, or forth : 1,9 :) syni. of the latter ij e mnodes of wriiting the word are mentioned by *verb &.,(, in a trans. sense. (TA.)IAth on the authority of Z. .. i~i ie (a hawk) tore out the heart of 4~':see %.,&. aniad-a..~. the. game. (TA.)r-' aor. i and ~(,


W. Wo.: inf. n. tbout, rbout, the bucket;

l'~)le H agitated, or mnoved , ) a dial, form of.a.; or, accord, to Yaalkoob, its C) is subsctiuted ;)or, brbr: he mored about the buckiet in the well in ,rder rder gthat it migh il ~A. (S, ,
,or. bminam. i% the

4.~.i (AF, ,?,1)




), thre



I.] (ISk, S, 1,) or, accord. to some,

2777 , and of a sheep or goat, and of a she-camel: (TA:) TA: in the CK and a MS. copy, or,] A hole, peiforation, or bore, in anything. (].) Pi.

.4~.. (S.) - Also, the pl., The holes, or (says J) I know not which is righit, (S,) Thin the part between the two nostrils: or the end, or butter which comes forth from the sakin when it is tip, of the nose: (C :) or, as some say, the nose cells, prepared with wax for the bees to deposit carriedon a camel, after tite first butter hast been itself: (A, TA:) wheince the saying, (TA,) their honey therein: (1:) holes like 40 celiU of wasps. (L.) He broke his nose. (S, TA.) j.-. takenforth. (S, I.) ;,.j: see ;ja. 1. , (, A, Mgb, K,) aor.

without ;, (TA,) or, as some say, i

", and or the hole thereof; (1.;) i.q.

(: (A:) or

ljJ L , ( A, ( TA .) .....,A Lo, in, ,.UM ad n . ~; and ;, (S, K,) inf. n.i.., (S, A, Msb, K,) and tThere is not any one in it, (El-Bdllilee, YaJoob, jOi, (CKd, but omitted in MS. copies of the K,) S, K,) i. e., in the house. (A.) - See also;e . said of a horse, (As, TA,) and of an ass, (A, TA,) , and'~.: seej_~. and of a man, (TA,) [iHe snorted; and he snored;] he madel a sound, or noise, with the nose; (S;) he made a sound, or noise,from his nose; he pro, [the most common form,] originally, The

. llalking the sound termed : (S, Msb, K) (TA.) _ , IS,K) i.e., jl J~, (A)

.~ [i. q. . An excellent, nimble, or agile, she-camel. Some say that its Oi is aug. see 1. mentativc, and its radical letters are ",&; but
its derivation from . is not apparent; therefore its should be considered as radical. (AHei.) ~._ e_,, and ., A tree that is old and pierced with holes. (K.)

longed tie breathfrom the. .

[or air-passages place of the sound termed .. .

See 1. (Msb.)
1. ;, nor. ;, (S, A, Myb, K,) and -, (Lh, S, A, MghI, ],) and , (Lh, TA,) inf. n. , (S, Mgh, Msb,) lie goaded, or pricked, him, namely, a beast, (A, Mrlgh, Mfsb, g,) with a stick (.Sg, Mlgh, sb, .K,)or thc like, (A, Mgh, Myb, K,, in the hinderpart, or tke side, (A, K,) so that he became excited. (Mob.) - . .i.lie goaded htis beast. (Mghl.)-- dy l,.i, (A, L, TA,)

of the nose]; (;) he made a sound, or noise, - And hence, (Msh,) The holeof thenos; the a , (T, S, Ji7om his l , ax though it nere a musical nostril; (S, Msb, K;) as also note i.ssuing convulsively; (TA;) he uttered a his .: (A, (A Mb, K.,) with kesr to the e to agree with the roloned or not%e noise sound from his~,tei: proleApped sound, or fromn . [for " vowel of tie it, like aB they say :) the soulnd whichi horses make, termined vowel of h like as , (. ' M'b,) botlh of whjich words are extr., as ja" is fromn the nostrils; that termed , fromn thc Mb) oth of wich ords are extr., as mouth; a tttis not one of the [regular] measures, (S,) and it mouth; ald that termed .$, from the chest. . is said tiat there is no word of this measure beside (Aq, in TA, art. j,.) You also say of a woman . these two, (Msb,)a or W sM is for t p. e, and AJ ~ ~ I.1 , aor. ; and , (L,) or , (so in t T TA,) n lik manner the is for which is r~~~~~~~~~~~~~', e ' menlil,,,Shcmnic he same amcnoJc i.c, xtein lil;c manner ';> is for ;~t, wvhich is the e., she meaning, Shte made the noise, [i. aid t'. () snorteld,] in tihe act of concubitux, as tl ooyh she original fi,rn, (T, TA,) and *) ,,erc,d. (L, TA.)

., (, Mb, K,)

aor. -, (M.,b, li,) inf. n.;.i, (Msb,) It (a thing, , or a bo,ce, Msb, TA, and wood, TA) became old and wastedl ad crumebling; (, Msh, K ;) it became old and nasted and s!ft, crumblingq when toucrhed. (TA.)

or e,i, (K,) They goaded his (a man's) beast, and drove him (the mnan) away; (A, L, TA;) they drore him away, goading his camel with him. (.) _ And ,l . l a i t lIe exited, and , ($, Mb, I,) like (Msb) and or roused, twhe man, and dLiquieted, or disturbed, !;(.K, [in j ,I [in the the C.V, Cl1, erroneously, erroneously, 0.] J. 1 ]) him. (L, TA.) - You say also, & t whiiclh last is [said to be] ofthe dial. ofTeiyi, (Mcb,) meaning, S[lIe put him, or sent him, acway, and said to occur in a verse of Glieyl.n, but lB orfar arvay]. (A, TA.) [Or perhaps thc right says that the rilght reading is j, with :, syn. reading is ^ -R I, meaning, e ~l [Put thou with J: (S,gh, in art. ,.; and L, in the him, or send thou him, awvay, or far avay:

J.L., (1;,

(Msb;) [the as seems to be indicated by what immediately follows in those two works and here.] And (S, M.l,,) and wood, (TA,) old and wasted and latter irreg., unless fl. of .~ . orj ] , l ,IJ ! [app. meaning,; Ie spoke, and cruml,linq; (S, Mob, K;) old and wasted and they put him away]. (A, TA.) ;1 .A man who v.arakes the sound fernmed soft, crunmbling wchen toucheed: (TA:) fem. of A man ho maes te un tered each witih : (] :) or the tfimer signifies a bone [sec , ] in the act of concubitus: (TA:) and a 4: see 1. old and wasted: (I :) and the latter, a hlollonw woman nwho does so in that act, as though she were J..A't and t The trade of selling beasts: hone, hatrin.q a hole pa.ssing th.rough it, (R, TA,) Possessed. (I.) and the trade of selling slaves. (}.) whenre conmes, when the n'ind blows, a sound like * ,* 4 1 that which i.stermed e; [secJ.;] (TA;) a see . And ,At.J A goader of beasts. (Msb.): bone into which the wind enters nind nwhence it then . hlence, (S,*A,M b,)A selle.r of beasts; (. ;) one i.sutes wnith the sound so termed; (S ;) a bone, and who acts as a broker for the sale of beasts (Mgh, Msh) and the like: (MPb :) and a seller of slaves; wood, in which the wind makes the sound so termed. (A.) Of the two readings, in the ]ur, Q. 1. . It (a canker-worm) pierced holes (K ;) sometimes used in the latter sense: (TA:) &Ui, Fr in, or eroded, a tree. (s.) IJ derives this verb a genuine Arabic word. (IDrd.) [lxxix. 1I,] ;. t it,o and 3;j

(S, M1h, K) andl t v_U (Mslb, K) A bone, present art) 1)1



prefers thie former, as agreeable in form with the from j.,, (TA,) q. v. words ending the other verses; and le says that , . .r aew th ' enn,lk ; (S, E ;) mentioned in the K withiout -; ,.., nl i>1 e> are the same an mucaning, 0ii .A aread e meinmanig,kedescription of its measure because there is no , and (TA.) (. Arabic word of the measure Ji; but some I A veltement blowing of the wind. (S, (.8) A, K.) =- Also, (S, A, .i,) and * [, Thiefore part of the nose, (S, K,) i. e., the head thereof, [or the Jflexible part,] of a man, (TA,) and of a horse, and of an ass, and of a pig, (S,)



See Supplement]

1. o5, aor. -, inf. n. o5 (S, M, A. &c.,) and , [as it is in the prefer it being written 3. CI and ;3 (S , L, ], ) and ... ; (M, L, CK,] asserting its O to be augrnientative, so that (M, L;) lie (a camel) took as lAar holds, asserting it Msb, K;) and t;t; its measure is J, ; (TA;) A]fuure, or fright, or shied, andfled,or ran anay at random, to be derived from.4... cleft, in a stone. (S, .. ) - Also, [so in the or became refractory,anid *rentanway at random;

2778 or ran awray, or broke loose, and nwent hither and thitlher by reason of his sprightliness. (., M, A, L, Mgb, V.) See also 6, below. - Also A;, contr., Ig (a people) assembled. ('Inayeh, MF.),, It (a word) de.iatedfrom the constant course of speech; like J.U; as some say; as mentioned by El-Farisee: but it is not of good authority, nor agreeable with the usage of Sb. (M, L.) 2: see 4 . o J, in£ n. ,kiJ, He raisedhis




[Boox I.

and V ,'S,t A like (S, L, V) forth upon them (J.) -- l.Ji t He nude, sJ and ft ~ cf a person or thing: (L:) or a like of a thing or prepared, the hind offire called ;a,. (i.) byparticipationof substance; a more spesial term He He,ran, reitha dsack Q. Q. 1. j.J, inf. n. I than J, which signifies " a like by participa- pace: syn. IJ. (I) tion of anything:" (the I.dee Zekereey&, MF :) Os. *5.,e IO.5: see O. or a thing rwhich does, or may, supply, the place of another thing: (TA:) or a like that is con;l,> and ;IO Abundance of wrealth, or of trary, or opposed, to another thing; (Mb ;) camels,or sheepc.: (, g:)like ;. tS and ab;, : in its cir- (S :) by some explained as consisting of twrenty and ,q,: sheep or goats. (MF.) - Also, both words, cumstances; (L;) syn. wnit4h s . (..) (Akh :) and hence the first is applied to an idol; The rainbow: (S, K :) also called t a Also, both words, A redness in the clouds a thing taken as an object of rvorship instead of tte setting or riting of the sun: (K:) ton)ard~s the true God: (L:) pl. of the first, 1Ol1; (L, or a redness by the side of the sun at its rising or Mqb, ;) and of the second, ij.s; and of the setting: (TA :) or, by the side of the place of its W ,3, and (.K.) You say, J*j third, .I$l. (1g.) iting or setting: (T:) also called *'.i 6.NM, and ,~ .,He is the like of such a one: - Also, bothl words, A halo, or circle, round oLaUi 5, (ISb, L, .i,) She is the the sun or ioon. (]K.) _- Also, the former word, (L:) and ;A1, t A streak infiJesh-neat, differing in colour W . lile of such afemale; (ISh, L;) but not ejk. .:) such a streak in the lsh of from the rest: (9 (ISh, L, K.) You also say LSs. &,and 5S 0t, a slaughtered camncl: (T:) and, in the dual, meaning lie is my opponent with respect to the two streaks inside the two thighs, having over course that I nwould lursue, contending wnith *ne them a thin, wvhilte, sinenry substance, resembling a for a di.erent cou,se. (AHeyth, T, L.) spider's web, divided, one from the other, by a See Ot. single mtnuscle, and thus appearinglile two muscles: asserted by more than one to be tropical. (TA.) ;.,, A she-camel weont to take frjight, or shy. VWhat is above the narvel, in a hlorse. (K.) and run away, at random; !.c.:see 1. (M, L.) A wroollen thinty, (TA,) also called 4.", nwhich is. stufftd into thie tad of a slhe-canl, [and a3 and see x. . and into her vulva, us exp,laincd voco .;,] out ,cn she/e has taken tvhich i.s aftern,ords( talen ,tU, act. part. n. of OW, A camel taking fi'ight, or shying, and running away, at random; 4c.: a liking for another camel's colt, (.K,) or for the stuffied skin of a camners colt p1relaredfor her. pl. ;l.t: (Msb, TA:) and quasi pl. n. ;..; for a more full exl)lanation.] (L;) signifying camels in a state of dispersion. (IA;r.) [See .. = One of several parts or portions of scattered ,,.-l He has not any means of (L, K.) - li :.(TA:) also called VS.: subsistence: (.K:) app. meaning live stock; from herbage: (like o.J ,i, said of a camel. (TA.) - [Scc also 5~, pl. Io5. ( .) .- ,p and ;i:.] ;iO: see preceding sentence. that opposes it (6ojt.&, i. e., .ll,)

voice. (L.) - j; IBe raised his voice in saying of another that tvhich he (the latter) disliked. (Lth, Z.5._ $, I See 4 in art. in L, art. j,.)

(inf. n. .*3, L.)

He declared,or exposed, his

vices, orfaults; (M, L, ]. ;) in verse or prose; (M, L;) he rendered him notorious, or infamous. (AZ, S, L.) - lie made him to hear wuhat was bad,evil, abominable,orfoul: (AZ, T, M, L, 1.) he reviled him. (AZ, T, L.)

S. ;;U lle oppoedhim, oppugned him. (L, K.)
4. W.sand * ..; L, g.) 6. ;Lb3 He diqersed camels. (M,

Thley dispersed themselves, and betook

themselves away. (K.)

[See also 1.]


?; l .A (., M, L, 1g,) [The day of men's dispearing tlemselves, and betaking themselves in di.jkrent directions], applied to the day of resurrection: (M, L:) so in the ](ur, [xl. 34,] accord. to the reading of some; (S, M, L, ;) namely El-'Abb6s and others: (Ig:) Az says, accord. to the reading of E.d-palhik only: (L:) others read t.JI; which may also be from 1;; one of the dils being changed into kS, and being then elided: (T, L:) or this may be from AL.2Jl: -. (M :) or 1U.Jt11 may mean the day of men's assembling tlemselves together, from ,J signifying 'it (a people) assembled." ('Inayeh MF.)

[or rather an a subst., like ', ;;L, and .,, Birdsi in a state of quality of a substantive epithet in which the or dispersion: (M, L:) [like z.s;t and ,.tpredominates,] Floh-meat, or bread, cooled, or .1 (and ?* ., M, L,) A certain kind of per. ~,.j.: see an cx. in art. s.]. --. .l Ih., baked, by being buried in hot ashet. (lAth, .. ) fume, (S, M, L, 1g,) well known, (1,) with and S;i.4>, (L, and some copies of the ]C,) or 'bj.s .;, lFlesh-meat coohed, or bakled, c. ,chich one fumigates: (Lth, M, L :) a certain nool cithk which one fumigates: (Mb :) or, as ~,_j , (as in other copies of the K,) They (a (TA.) - [See also st.L, in twvo places.] some say, i. q. aJi: or, as Z says, in the Rabeea people, L) became dispersed in every direction. ,p.-. *5g elis el-AbrAr, a compound of aloes-wood aromatized (L, Ig.) , aor. , (Msb, (.,) or 9...o j 1. ~,J ,o5, with nusk and ambergris and etj: (TA:) or ,o. A voice raised high in caUlling. (L.) (Msb, TA;) and . x..1 ]g,) inf.£n. ,,; (accord. to Aboo-Amr Ibn-El-'Alk, T, L) amverb being used transitively ,r~; this latter bergris,.s: (T, L :) or~:' [i. e., eithersarron, (Msb;) HIe, or as well as intransitively; I-i or a certain mixture of perfumes: so in the copy or invited, him to the it, called, summoned, of the T used by the author of the TT, if correctly 1. los, aor. ., He hated a thing: or it is a incited, or Msb, K;) and instigated, thing; (S, transcribed by him:] it is not Arabic: (S:) or (As, , $.) - ts., (8, ],) urged, him to it: (s.) i.e., to war, succour, mistake for Id.. is thought by IDrd to be not genuine Arabic: (TA) .He cast flesh-meat &c. (TA.)_ [You say,] . j1i ,;. L (M1, L,) many of the lexicologists, however, hold aor. :, inf. n. or buried it, ($, J,) fire: (g:) or he into the it to be genuine Arabic; and it occurs in verses 19l %J.u.i JNothing incited me to do K,TA,) J)J 'cj,.,o of old poets; (MF;) but this does not prove a cake of bread, (S,) in hot ashes, ($, what I hace done but sincerity towards thee. (TA.) that it might become thoroughly cooked, or j a a5 J,--Jthat it is not an arabicized word. (TA.) o; [and V?; and t 44.; (see J-I Ji (TA,) lwi, (],) inf. n. j, baked. ( $.) A high hill; ( ;) a hill rising high into the sky: ;)] lIe sent him to do a thing. (s.) _ (S, L :) of the dial. of El-Yemen: (L:) a great Hefrightened. (V.) - Ws Hoe cast a person .J. , Lti IIe came L; upon the ground. (i.) J'# ., (aor. ., inf.n. _., .,) He hill (a.&I) of clay or loam. (..) ,..tu

Boox I.]
wailedfor, neptfor, or deplored the lo.s of, the consequence, or the bad qualities that will be dead man, and enumerated his good qualitiesand acquired,] will inevitably appearsome day. Said actions. (S, ].) ,JI ,. t She (a wailing by 'Omar. (TA.) woman) called upon the dead man, praising him, A man who is lht, or active, (and a s . *-3 A man who is light, or active, (and and saying ;o.l; and *itl~, Alas for such a quick, TA,) in the accomplishment of an affair, one ! and Alas for thee ! (M) or she, as it were, or a n called upon the dead man, enumerating his good or a as also (K;) and qualities and actions, as though he heard her. , " : (TA:) a man wvho, wvhen he is sent to (Msb.) It is said that the action is peculiarly accomplish a great, or an important, affair,finds that of women; and that the verb is derived it light to him: (A:) clever, ingenious, or acute from "4i, " he called him " to do a thing; or in mind; exceUentl : pl. _A, and i,: (K :) from "aaa;, scar," because the wailer mentions the former agreeable with analogy; the latter the memorials of him who has gone; or perhaps formed from the imaginary sing. ; like from Oi,, "lightness, or activity." (MF.) , ph. of ~= . (TA.) , as applied ; ,aor.:, (inf. n. .,,TA;) and It to a horse, Sha,rp-spirited; (Lth, S ;) contr. of Dt.i;; (a wound) had a hardenedscar, such as is termed .I (Lth) excellent. (TA.) _ Lightness,

2779 what isstaked at a shooting.matchl, or a race, and taken bythe winner: (?,* i,* L:) pl. I,A. (M 9 b.) So in the follow;ng phrases. . . [.Betwwn them is a bet, or wvager]. . U... ¥.. uisl & i [Such a onr, stood to a bet, nwager, or stake]. (TA.) _ 'Orweh says,


.? ... . '

''. "" ...

A.. 1

1 ..


(g.). _


aor. :, inf.n. ,,; [so or eti,ity. .' '(MF.)_-1o

. Jb;

[Shall 3lfotemm and Zeyd perish, and I not stand to a stake, some day, when I hare the soul of one hlto makes his life a stUaee to his adversary and salliesforth against him?] These two were his ancestors. (S.) Or, accord. to Az, who reads ·i'l, they were two tribes. (TA.)

accord. to the TA, agreeably with analogy; but in the C.l and a MS. copy, '; whence, and from the form of the latter of the two inf. ns. here following, it seems not improbable that the verb may be also written .,Jj;] and &3.s and 'J, It (che back) had upon it scars, such as are termed ,.j. (K.). c ., nor. , inf. n. ~Ih4; TA,) lle was light, or active, (and quick, TA,) i,n the accomplishment o o : he rnas clerer, ingeniouts, or acute ipn miai/d; cx-

[I see thee to be clever in accomplishing affairs, or wants. (A.) -=See ,..


rellent. (Ii.)
2. ,

lic ' toolk, 9,)t, or


See 1.

[a fem. epithet] Any camel's foot, or hoof, , (S, i,) and, by poetical licence, .? [meaning any camel, or hoofed beast,] that does * , (MF,) The scar, (S,) or scars, (K,) of a mwound, not remain in onestate. (O.) (S, },) not rising above the surrounding skin: ej., a subst., A call; a summons; an in(S :) accord. to the K, pl. t4,k [which is written vitation to do a thing. (M3b.) _ . : a subst., in several MS. copies of the K 4.'.i; and so in , The act of nailing for, weeping for, lamenlting, the CK; but this, accord. to the TA, is inor deploring the los of, one tcho is dead, as correct;] but it is a coll. gen. n., of which the described in the explanations of ;JI 4i, and n. tin. is a..oj, like as .. is that of : .'~. (S, g, IM, Msb.)_[...l ; C, The a (MF:) pl. 1..I1 and .'jS: (1~ :) the former a bet, :ager, or of d.~ agreeably with analogy: of lamentation]. s s . rabian of the latter dcv. with respect to analog,y; or pl.' of ;. (MF.) chastespeeckh; ( ;) eloquent. (TA.)


.n is also applied, in a trad., to the 4. .l It (a woulnd) mnade, or lft, a scar -, ,~ (K,) or otrJ, (L,) A back having upon hiNm. (IK.) - lle mande a scar upon his I AMarlk made by Moses' smiting the stone [from upon it scars, such as are termedl ... : (L, I. :) which, thereupon, water flowed forth]; these skin. (TA.) - See .. _ o?t 1, and the former epithet is also applied in the same marks being thus likened to the scars of wounds. t, L, lle, or it, l,ft ( 2) upon his (TA.)_ ,. is also employed to signify sense to a wound: and, so applied, is also explained by the word ".,,: (TA:) [app. meunbactk. (1TA.)-I.o tlI .j .JI I The t Scars upon men's reputation. A poet says, ing that will be mvailed for, or deplored; i.e., ting,, or nvnt, ma1de a severe impre.xion upon .· ,.g rrr · fatal]. t a ' 9 hijn. (TA.)--.i .. 1, and Ae , Ie exposed 0 . t, himnself to peril. (K.) - See 1. ,wu . A 7vauing ivoman; or one lraiZing fo7,. A people upon nhose reputation I nwill leare scars, 8. WJ ,JI IIe answered, or complied n'ith, the effects of my satires. (TA.) = _. The dead, as desribed in the eplanations of or obeyed, his call, summonst, or invitation, (8,) direction in Ahich one shoots an arrowr or ., p b ,·ronn or ,:..~1, and.: (M, Mob: ) pi. ,l~. (Mob.) and hastened to him, when called to war, succour, arrows: syn. . (So in the S and the C l and several MS. copies of the K: in other copies, Q ge1,1 a name given to Two bad marks in &c. (TA.) .5 .QjI (occurring in a tral., TA,) (od a;nrereth hi.s , The act of shooting an arrow or arrowrs. Iwrtse. (TA.) prayJerfi,orf'riveness [who goeth forth to .fight Both these readings are correct accord. to the * . for the .ake of his religion]: or is surety, or TA.See belo.) H .e A place to which one is called, sumSee ; belL`. moned, or invited. Hence JI "1,., [The guarantee,.for him: or hasteneth to grant him shot an arrow or arrows in one or in or The . 6. oj oodirection . Strait B13b cl-Mendeb, or The Strait of the Place a good recompecnse: or graci.ous. l maleth4 his two directions: syn. cm;-'. 1 . (TA.) of Summons:] so called because a certain king completion of that [recompense] to him necessary L;. (said by those who are to contend summoned a number of men to break through and srure. (K.) _ il l 7hey hastened $I.~ at a shooting-match, TA,) The day of our com- the mountain there, which originally opposed a to him, citller at Ihis call, or summons, or of their own accord. (TA.) - ,;Ll . ' 7nencing shlooting shall be such a day. (K.) This barrier to the sea, in order to drown his enemy; is and this they did, thus overwhelming with the Take thou.n rwat is easily attainable; what o/frvs confirms the assertion in the TA, that .,j syn. with . as well as withe itself wvitihout dilculty: (AA, K:) as also L, waters many cities and towns with their in.l_i2i we find habitants, and forming the sea which intervenes ,;..j;. (TA.)_-See 1 =M .?.JLzlHle opposed Turk. K, in the place of between El-Yemen and Abyssiia, and which him in his speech. ( P.) , lj · 4, -s....; and Freytag adopts the latter extends to'Eydhhb and ]useyr [&c.]. (Ynakoot.) ,. zld 1 ise > to,0a Ben are of giving your reading; but I find no other authority for it.] This king was Alexander the Greek ! (TA.) [It ckildren to a badl nurse; for it [tllat is tihe evil ,J Ad bet, wrager, stake, or thing napgered; is probable that the appearance of the Strait gave
.0l.09 ' 00 -A.


.6 - -j



;,(TA,) d.,.t (A, L, &c.,) and t . l ,t. rise to this story, and thus to its name: but it is I also probable that the name may signify The Thie sheep, or goats, became dispersed from, Msb,) L ;,(T, S, M, &c.,) aor. ',(,M, Strait of tse Place tf Vailing for the Dead; as IK,) or in, (A, L, &c.,) their nightly resrating(S, [which 15,) , (M, Msb, ;d (S,) or , in£ n. t many perish who go forth from it.] plUacs, and became distended by repletion. (S, thing latter is the more common, if not the only right, I Ail A, L, 1.) form,] and a 5- ~~~. see. .j.. . form,] Itfell, (T, M, M{b, .K,)or ment, or came, out, or forth, from another thing, or from other 8: see 5. . . see things, things, (Msb,) or fromn amid a thing, (T,) or 9. l, Ht His beUyl became from the inside of a thing, (T, M, I,) or from 9. ', .tal inf. n. One sent to do a thing; a mes5.. distett(led This, says among things, so as to be apparent, or standing repletion. (S.) by reason of disten(led senger; an entoy; an ambasador. (TA.) 0 1,.. .. 0 ... - *5 IB, (TA, art. t:, out to view; (M, 1 ;) it fell, and became apart, on Such IB, is itsproper art., not art. t. t W ? ' 4, an(dJ +w ^1 y>c ig in whiichi J also mentions it.) F says, that J is fell oft; fell out, or *vent,or camne, out, or forth, a one is sent to do a great thing; or to performnan in the generality of things, or the general asiti man, in mentioning this vcrl, as also in men- front iinp'lrtantaf.lir. (A.)- t t an appellation, in crror J$#1 semblage, main body, bulk, or common mans, to given by thle pleol)le of Mekkeh to their Envoys, tioning -o 1,in the present tioning &ia *1, c O!inlf. n. it pertained,orfrom other things: ($, TA:) wrhich also or ambatnsadors, to the palace of the Khaleefeh. art.; art. the proper place of the former being in art. or, [in some cases,] simply, it fell, or droppe(d. . Desired; sought; souyht after; c)t; and thiat of the latter, in art. . but MF (TA.) -_ ;. He I wentt forth [and be(TA.) _ &.J us the name of a certain horse it is thus ex- r.uys, sarys, that J has merely mentioned them here became came separated] from his people. (Msb.) And cause of the resemblance of their radical letters , as signifying "a pledge cituse plainied: from , ; lie w,e,t forthfroin his hIou.e or tent. and to the radical letters and sig- .."' i and significations that is given on the occasion of a race." (L.) 0 nifications belonging to this art. (TA.) (A.) I heard one say to his wife, k.ul [Go A thing bewailed, [or nificatioxis .,: s: see il thtouforth and be se)parate: app. meaning, be thou complained of as painful,] with the exclamation ,r. 9 0 b, t 4a1 and atid J15 (K) andV and divorced]. (Z, in the A, immediately following say of f or I. O! or Alas! (KT.) [The name of Spaciousness; fwidth; ampleness roominess; (S) Spaciousness; has of, or complained bewailed, thing thius the 1.I ;,, whlat here immediately precedes.)- _ 4 always an I of prolongation and a annexed to it, (L, (S, K) and %, and (A,) or a.o; = Also, A.) Also, * c j., (M6b,) Tthe bone became > et , originally A. - , or the I only.] _ . ad and J ;;, and ia.. , 4~ . a_nd? dislocatedor di.tplaced. (A, Msb.) It is said of A thitng to the pelformance of which one is called, A wnide, or ample, tract of a ( A) A spacious, roomy, !. ~ 1 k' ,&d [or, *.. a man, in a trad., so. summoned, or inrited: (Mgb:) [hence,] approved: (L:) and accord. ,a: _j. a;) also as land; (S, land; , meaning, lie accord. to anothler relation, o (1 :) a signiification verified by the doctors of prac101 a spacious, roomy, wide, or amnple, plbce: bit the arm, or hand, of another, and his central .t;.e a of ,hich ismnoe tical law: (TA:) a thiing the doiang pl. (of the first and second words, TA) inc.s,r dr,oplped, excellent than the learving it undone, in the eye of (S:) pl. --f ; 1 outl (TA.) _ .a& the prescrilerof the lanw, bat n,hich it is allo7rable l sil1; (S, 1~ ;) and pl. of ~.;, .. , and A bird drojpped and al;ghltedfron a tree. (TA.) to leave undone. (KT.) [Freytag, in quoting by by poetic licence C. l>G; (TA;) whichi is allow- _ o~ -- 1 - ;.i : A pro,,inence projected, or the origiinal words, omits W before l_l.] able also in other cases tihan those of poetical jutted out, from the mnountain. (A.) _- AJ1 able licence.. licence: (MF;) and it (C:>L) also signifies $.bl Oa zi 4.~jAl .*Jl The rainfell upon the


1. 4u,

aor. :, (A, K,) inf. n. e



; (TA;) lle made 'a,.., u (A,) inf n. it (aitplace, A) spacious, roomy, rwide, or ample. (A, K.) - HIlence the saying of Umnm-Selemeh to 'Aibbehl, (whien she desired to go forth to J14ji J lAi Etl-B mral, TA,) i.e., [ThIe ur-dan /hathdrawn together, ~',~, or contracted, thy skirt; therefore] dlo not niden it, ($, L, ),) or do not sprcad it abroad, (L,) by thy going forth to El-Bnarah: (S, L, ]:) the the pronoun * refers to the word ji.: speaker alluded to the words of the Kur-an,
[xxxiii. 33,] c ist,-



(L.) Accord. to one relation, the last words are e. 19, i.e.,do not open it. (s.) : ;.' .,,... a_~OI aIa.JI The ostrich excavated and made (A.) _, nwide a hollorw placefor her eggs. . lie became posseed of wealth like the dust., and enlarged his mode of life, and scattered his property. A proverb. (MF, from Meyd.) 2: see 1. 3. ,oUlIeriedreithhim,orcontended nith him for superiority, is multitude, or abundance. (R.) b. t,,;2~4 e, ,_J..I, (.,

Jl; JO'3 dry herbage anti the fresh herbage came forth. it . . (A.) And l.;'.t ; l T e plant uvt forth its (L.) to: * oJ. . it wide iall,y. Tlaoii Thlon hast ample space,or room, in this hotuse. leace.s (M, K)fi'om its Upltl:,nwst branch! (M.) 1 J, ntd (A.) _ t (A.) And ". 4:JI The trec produlaced its L,.. I have anple scope, fS'eedot, or libery, to avoid [q. v.]; (M, 1 ;) which is the case whlen the 1 thi.s this thing, or affair: (S, L:) or I have that camels are ablec to pasture upon thlem: (M:) or whith.rentley.s whhich rendtlersme in no need of this thing, or affair. becantegreen. or i K . became green. (g 1 a -S.! i. --(L.) - -.,,1 C> 4 ,.J ,j.a,(jl: 5a 51, [a , (MlSb,) : lHe outtient others (ltt,t) avid and -.trad.j trad.,] Verily, in oblique, indirect, ambiguous, fgwus, or [or became extraordinary] (IKtt, Msb) in knounequivocal, modes of .peech, is ample scope,freedonm, or ledge or science, or in excellence, (IQlt,) and in y, to avoid lying: (S, L:) or, that whitich or liberty, 1 , inf. n. l;, renders rende.s one in no need of lying: (L:) one should his excellence. (Msb.)_ 1 J%*' was e.trat The speech, or language, (Msb, TA,) not say ;,. , (TA,) nor .4.j. (S.)ordinary ordinary or strange, [with respect to usage or t Ji and ' also signify .Multitule; copious- analogy or botlh]: (TA:) it was tite contr. of ness; abundance. (L, K.) - Also, Theface of new; chaste: (Mz, 13th *' :) [but this explanation a a mountain, or part wrhich faces the spectator, requires restriction; for whiat is extraordinary above itsfoot, or base; (1 ;) its tide, or extremity, 0 with respect to usage is the contr. of chaste; but which inclines to width: (TA:) pL t hl. (K.) many a word that is extraordinary withl respect whicli (K.) - Also, to analogy is more chaste than a cognate word Aheatythijg; A heaty thing; syn. :L. tltiitg, atrreeable agreeable with analogy: hence the above phrase A A thing that one seesfrom afar. (K.) is is also explained as signifying] the speech, or lan4 .. . 5* 4 4 El, 29. 4 , guage, wvas chaste and good. (Msb.) guage,
(; deserts;

ldeserts. (S.)-_Alsot ;u or waterless '

4. o.l, trans. of He made it to fall, or a,~.st1 A wide hollow place excavated by an come, out, or forth, from another thing, to go, or her eggs. (A.) ,) or ostrichfor


2781 jij5 ;j,

1 L. l , (Mcb:) he space of [seteral] days; syn. o c orfrom other things; [&c.: see % 6 LLJb Uel ,; 3. o (M 9b.) And made it to fall. (S, 1.) You say, J. , ;VUA Jl [liIe struck his arm or hand, wvith I That is, or will be, only once in whiles. (TA.) S, (S, M, ' (M, .K,) and ;;1' 1 And ;t (.i, the sword, and made it to fall.] (S.) And



tf [Ile made such a thing to g,) and V -j,3l , ($, TA,) and t .1 L., ' I1.. ,. .*J 1K,) , (S, (M, K) and t.J.3 .;j 5 fall out, he threw it out, from the reckoning]. (TA,) and ? L -, (e, M, 1(,) .;ll .j t He threw out, and kfjJI,, (M, K,) and -;,JI (s.) And L.,i ) or rejected, the young camels in the mulrt for t lie met him [once] in, or during, the space of (M, 1,) or La. [several] days; syn. .,IJI , '. 4; homicide. (A.) [See also 6.] And
jiS1, d

(S.) _ Also ,iv A piece of gold, s A'l) i rh)fiom him, o his lie took forth ( in the mnine. (K.) a property, such a thing. (M, K, TA.) And (15,) and (f silver, (TA,)found aor. ' [and as implied in the 15] inf. n. ;jj, [I ;j:. also See vowed my property; made a vow to give it.] ~.. ;ju1t I caused [the hand of] JL. 5 ? (S, i.,, p And .i5 J (Yoo, Akil, S, lg.) such a one to cease from freely disposing of my , oj: ) s ' property. (A.) _- jJI He said, or did, someMsb, K,) aor. ' and :, ($, M.b,) inf. n. j, thing extraordinary,or strange. (IKt..) ( Msb,) I ma(de it binding, or obligatory, on ny.S elf, [i. e., I vowed,] of my own free will, to do or j IIe pro- l Sqj.3;aS *. .6. Ij,;W [They mutually threw out, or rejected, Lq5JJ: see t o give such a thing to God; namely, some re(namely poet a tiing a reckoning]. A duced [or payed] to hirn a hundred out of his S 1 igious service, or an alms, &c: (TA:) or j; Aboo-Kebeer El-lludhblee, TA) says, property. (M, .K.) E iignifies the promising conditionally; as nhen one *yJJ: see ;3JJ. · * jsays, "Such a thing shall be obligatory on nme if S1^ !a6;2 ; God restore to health my sick [son or other] :" god * s [act. part. n. of .sJ; Falling, or going, or this is termed ;J.: but the saying ''I impose [T1hen the courageous men covered with arms coming, out, or .forth, from another thing; &c.: Aiis npon myself the giving a deenar as alms," is not mutually throw out from the reckoning the piercing see 1]. - A wild ass going, or coming, forth tipon so termed. (K.) The doing this is repeatedly of the hidneys, as the young camels fall out firom the mountain. (TA.) - A prominence, ;o forbidden in traditions: but what is meant therefrom the reckoning in the doubled compensation]: or proqjecting part, of a mountain. (A,* Msb.) rorbidden by is, one's doing t) so in the belief that he may he says, that their blood is suffered to be shed un[WUtat rein ains here and there upon the grouwml, has not decreed revenged, like as the youing camnels are thrown out of rain, i.e., of rain-water: n. un. with e: pl. of attain by it something whichl God to betide him, or that he may divert from himself fromn the account in the mutlet for homicide the latter,;ly.] You say, j)U & &> jL l " j, Bomething something decreed to befall him: yet if lie do so, (S, TA:) meaning, that thlec pierced kidneys are n/hat of d,.anh canels [The #j1l;, and l fulfilment is obligatory on him. (IAth.) You thrown out from the reckoning, like as the young (M,) ie the say also, jsl ;.., (M, g,) and 'Jj,, aay cmCel is; thlrownI out, anid not reckoned, in the remained here and there upon the ground, of . xtraordinary; (the father, M, 1K) and she (the mother, M) apE mulet for lhomici(le tihat is doubled time after water of the rain.] (A.) to speech or pointed the child [by a row] to be a mninixter or applied unusual; rare; straage; (A, TA) jt: '4± -timie. (IB, TA.)other thing: wvant any and word a to servant to the church, (M, K,) or to a place [and language SutIh a one comes to us [rarely, or] sometimnes. above: as latter tile of pl. appropriatedto religious services or exercises, or appi.opriated e: with fem. and rn.un. (TA.) see j.,, and j'.]: (A:) or very extraordinary, acts of devotion: (TA `). so in the .Kur, iii. 31. 10. J, ' - ;l The camels so,ught after the L, g,) aor. , (MI, 11t Ms ; strange,. rare, or unusual, applied to speech or (M.) == s leaves that had come forth upon the uppermost language; and in like manner- ;js [as an epithet inf inf. n. ;i; (M, and o;l~ and IjlJ, (Ilt,) branches of the plants, to eat them, and applied predominates] subst. a of quality in which the &-c., or, as some assert, it has no inf. n., like .. themselves diligently to them: (M :) [or you say,] applied to a word: pl. of the latter as above: *g the Arabs being content to use in its stead ~1 they sought after the plants, to ..1 tA1 jolJ sigj;1# or.&'.jl :] 5:) [see ;ja~ (Mz, 13th followed by the verb, as is said in the 'In.yely, eat them, and alplied themselves diligently to thtem. nifies what deviate from the generality of words on the Kur, chap. xiv., (MF,) lIe knen, of' the i [The cameLs] J.-.tJ (TA.) And ,4)"I , or speech or language. (S,* M, K.) You say thitay: thing : (Msl :) or he knew of the thin(l and was p by and leisurely, Jar of it or on his guardagainst it or inf seeh after the fresh herbage cautious is one a t Such , meaning, * 'LajJIej" also, sigoriginal degrees, or repeatedly. (A.) [The ; i the unequalled of the age. (1,* TA.) [And of it. (M, K.) You say also 5 nification ofj.t: * seems to be lie doesired tofine or ;),;,, used in this manner as a subst., signifies (S, A) The people knew of the enemy: (S:) a thing or things in a separate or scattered state; knew of the enemy and prepared theselves for knom strange, rare, or unusual, them: them: (A:) or knew of thle enemy and were or to tingle out.] _- aJl They tracke I Any extraordinary, See i1.-t. above.] as pl. saying: or thing, cautious of them or on their guard against them hisfootsteps. (A.) 1 or in fear of them. (TA.) And it is said in a w fet-1 and damm, arli ;;, with ej.A and 1i IIave thou knonledge of the trad., ,;Jil [A place in nwhich wheat or grain i. q. ; 7 j; substs. from ;.', [signifiying The state of bein t people and be cautious of. them or on tly guard apart fiom, or out of, the generality, or mai is trodden out]; (f, M, 1;) in the dial. of the against a.qainst them or infear of them. (TA.) body; &c.: - and hence, I E.xtraordinariness people of Syria: (S, M :) or, (M, 1K,) accord. to ani,) a and M · aJ 4. 4. 1 Kr, (M,) reaped wheat coUected together; or Uj ' 1 rarness.] (Mob.) You say, it is (Mob,) and M ,) Mb, (Mab,) inf. n. ;U21 (T, S, , (Mqb,) an, d wnheat colected together in the place where I , andVtj D . ;RJ.l, or t,* M (S, .) (M, 1) the latter accord. to Kr, but correctly it trodden out: (M, g:) pl.;. 3;Jl ) 1 .W^ fla s) (A,) t That iiU not bE is a simple subst., (M,) and Jji, (T,1g,) or this is ent., . See Supplem, (Mvb,) and that will not happen, (A,) save [extra1. (1,) accord. to Lh .;, (T,) and j, of pl. 8upplement.] See ·e ordinarily; or rarely; or once] in, or during, thA

(Yoo, Akhl, T, S, M, A,' termed. aor.; and ', (M, 15,) inf. n. ;j. (Yoo, Akh, a,) is, (M, 1K,) [IHe made a vow; 1,M, K,) and i: imposed upon himself a vow; IC J.aA3 C,1I that A zhewould do such a thing; either absolutely, or C onditionally, as will be explained below;] he h nade [a future action] binding, or obligatory, on Id zi,nself; (T, M, A, 1];) as also tjZil. (K.) betide jJ;al sig,nifies the same as ;ji [lIe And l ,';~U, You say alsoL ,owed a vow]. (,glh.) -iS 1. also,



A.. - ,v,

[Boox I.

and Kr, (TA,) [but this is properly a simple verse of Ibn-Abmar, some say that jU is pl. ¢ of who informs an army of the state oj the enetmy: ei~. · ,· · ~~ e. subst.,] and ,.J, (M, g,) accord. to Zj, (M,) j.Jf, like as ` is pl. of Oaj; but others saLy (T, ,:) _...i is of the measure . i in the sense or Ez-Zejjjee, (TA,) but this should rather be that it is pl. of~ . f in the sense of ',: of the measure Ja': (M, L:) or its verb was regarded as a simple subst., (T, M,) I informed vJJ, but this has become obsolete: (T:) its pl. him, or adviMed him, of the thing: (M, ], TA:) is jJ.; (M, Mqb, A[;) occurring in the ]}ur, this is the primiry signification: (TA:) and [I .3 1 A 3 , ., t.;.CJ ;jU cared him of the thing;] I cautioned him, or liv. 23, [&c.]. (TA.) - [Hence,] ,.;a _ The put him on his guard, against the thing, and put a [Ilonw many a waterless desrt glistening with cock (Hlar. p. 644). [Ilom [And also,) j t,Jt The him in fear, (M, ]4,) in my commnunication or ilte the mirage, in which vows, or things vowed, apostle: (M, I:) so in the lgur, xxxv. 34, announcement: (4:) in this sense the verb is are are vowed, lie in the wray to Lcyl.!]. (S.) accord. to Tl: (M:) the prophet Mohammad: used in the ]ur, xl. 18: (M, TA:) or I an- Also, Also, : The mulet fjr an intentional wound; (T, g :) so, accord. to most of the expositoro, in nounced to him the thing, ($,e M9b,) generally in used used in this sense by Esh-Shifi'ee, (T, TA,) coo' that verse of the ICur. (T.) - Hoariness, or a case of putting infear the person addresed, or and of the dial. of El-Hijiz; (TA;) i.q. ZI, whiteness of the hair: (T, M, 1g:) so, accord. frightening him, (M 9b,) or never otherwise than A, IS, TA,) which is of the dial. of the to some, in the verse of the gur, last referred in such a case: ( :) and thus the verb is used (T, .S& *,.5 people of El-'Iril: (T, TA:) pl. ;j3 : (T,A, to: (T, M:) but the explanation immediately in the Iur, ubi supra., ajsl ,~ .. , [And ]:) .K:) said by Aboo-Nahshal to be only for preceding is more probable. (T.) - The sound warn them and put them in fear of the day of wounds, smaUll and great. (T, K.) mounds, You say, of a bow: (AHn, M, g:) because it warns, the approaching event, the day of resurrection] J.U or 'j A, or frightens, (jj',) that which is shot at. (Aln, ~ :; -. ,. ~.., (T, TS, L,) or meaning, put them in fear of its punishment: (K,) S A mulct for a nound it owed to me. QC,) Ine. M.),, I.q.;j [i.e. Vowed]: pl.;J. (f.) (Mob:) and l$k e I informed him, or 1j.Ll (T, ;(T, , &c.) And .. 1 : II gave See J... 8 See also ;i . advi.d biim, of such a thing. (Mab.) #j.U also signifies lfe (a spy) informed him, or him the mulct for his nwound. (A.) Aboo-Sa'eed 4:. S~~ #j ijlJJ: see Jj... Ed-)areer says that it is thus called L jj ., advised him, of the œtate of the enemy: in the Ed-pareersaystliatitisthusealledo'j.'k-A 4.., copies of the K, .ji; but this is a mistake. i.e., because it is made binding, or obligatory, S [A votive gift ;] that nwhich hc girvs rho for for it; [namely, for the wound;] from the (TA.) Anrid you say, 0, 1J1 i;,l '; mahes a vow. (M, 1.) - A child appointed phrase - -UA . ;' (T, TA.) _ [A by the fatler (M, J~) and mother (M) [by a plirase 1. I infor,med the people of the mnarch of the votive vow] to be a minister, or servant to the church, .§dn.q]. See also jv. enemy toeardls themn, to put them on their guard. votive ofering]. (M, lK,) or to a place appropriated to religious (T.) And 9.;j,.. . andi . . '" .; (M) and ; (T, ., .K) [and ; ".v services, or exercises, or acts of devotion: (T:) i.ignify the same. (A.) It is said in a proverb, (see 4)] and ,y.. (S, M) and (M) m).. pl. i lJ. (T.) c See also.,, in two places. .. oO ·. . .. d e-. jd C,, j, I , meaning, I hath become nd and t lj'lj (Esh-Shafi'ee, K) and S. (K) =And see j. excu&wd,and averted from himself the blame of are substs. in the sense of JJ1 [meaning An men, witvow hath warned thee that he will punish )*!: see or advising, of a thing: and a warnthee fbr a flilture evil deed p)roc.c(dintg fiom thee, informing, in g, or cautioningy, and iputing one on his guard, if thou tlihen do the evil deed and hie punish ing, ;...: , thee;. (T.) Sec also 1, in two places: and against a thing, and putting one in fear of a QV thing; &c.: (see 4:)] (T, S, M, K :) or a putting J .4 see j~. one in.fear in announcing a thing. (TA.) I; ? .JI ~;. O"J vJ, and , Sucha one i.s 6. .4JI ~. Th7e people nrarned, or cautioned, is.v l.u _9 _I and 1i ;1 Ijkp, accord. to different looking at me hard or intently, and malking his eye one another, or put one another infeatr, (M, K,) readitbgs, readings, in the .Kur, lxxvii. 6, put in the pronanent. prominent. (T, in TA, art. jj.) of a terrifying evil. (TA.) You say.,ilj AW accus. aecus. case as causal complements, signify 4J1~s Lb T ihe pple warned one another, (S,) and It;. [A thing of which people warn or caution and W113 [For ecusing and warning]. (Zj, T.) one another, or of which they put one another in put one another infear, of such a thing. (8, A.) ,Llji A poet says, (s,) namely, En-Nbighiah, (T, [See also art.J.i.] And in like manner, iv, fear]: applied to a disease [&c.]. (TA, art. TA,) describing a serpent, (T,) and his being in the KCur, liv. 16, &c., signifies L.5q,I. .) [Hience,] j ,LJI t The (S, I.) 1 * voce S. threatened by En-NormAn so that he passed the lion. ion. ($gh, K.) night as thouglh lie had been stung, turning over And so V.., in the Kur, lxvii. 17. (T, M.) 0.0 J/O and over upon his bed, (TA,) llence lience also the saying of the Arabs, ' j, S .l ... meaning, ... ; O r --. L JJ., inf. n. a HllJ, lIe nwas, or became, lom, .IIj., J.J 1 [i.e. Do tlowu LV! "e C,v '0531j IAJ;-3 baw, 1 base, vile, ignoble, mean, sordid, or contemptible, that for wrhich thou wilt be excused, by inflicting '(8 ($, K,) in all his circumstan,cs. (K.) * ' , 3 4 1. 0 . p id t .3 0 ll punishinevit punishment whlen it is deserved, and do not merely c iin-. 5 l J.5 IJ.nwarn warn and put infear]. (TA.) .JJA man vike, or mean, and ldespised in all [Of nwhich the charmers have warned one another, 0 S, (. his circumstances. (K.) JJi · i) and put one another in fear, on account of the see J.V. eee J.j.


evil nuture of its poison, nwhich it di.charges one

timre and one tine drar's back]. (T, S, TA.) ilso ? ai also (M ;) i.e. [One nw ho gives infornation, nation, or advice, of a thing, or things: and one vhotiurns;] vho wnarns;] one who cautions; (M, TA;) and tI vho puts in fear: kTA:) one who gives notice to c., ;j A vown, which a man mahes to be bind(liny, §a people of an enemy, or other thing, that has 69 them; (TA;) a spy mho gives notice, or obligatory, on himself; (T, M, K,* TA;) -0ms rome upon [either absolutely, or conditionally: (ee jj; :)] o a people, of an enemy, to put them on their luard; (A ;) and in like manner V ., Id. Jl: (?, M, 4 :*) and in the following Puard; a spy O10. d. A;1 lie ojered n,arning to him (A, TA, art. jJ .) See j l. 8: see j,U, in two places. i.. q. 1;, (T, S, M, A, MRb, K,) as


Q. Q. 1. ujh



j lJh, or

(TA,) inf. n. A., (TA,) 'he wind alO.s the dust upon it, or upon the ground, in 11 ross, wavy . (I.) Hence : lines: syn.

,.Jgl '..' (TA.) - It has been asserted hat 0j andj do not come togetlher in any [pure] 0Arabic word; aid F has said the same in art. A, ; [or rather he has there caid that j does 3 ot occur in an Arabic word witlh O before it;

BooK I.]
(meaning a radical O ;)] yet he has here men- | [The Nar us]: see art. tioned this word as though it were pure Arabic. by is fore The j that So says MF. To this it may be replied, in art. art. ISd in by ISd mentioned is tose t. Tht forher is mentioned is inserted to separate the ) and j, as remarked -.: the latter, in the present art. (TA.) [speech, forged He forg .'j' He . the L. (TA.) in l ed[sl,ee s n (TA.)a in s <>es say You or language]: syn. C-,. (19.) j/iJ1. (TA.) _- . ', lie mixed, or confouinled, speech, [introducing what nas fase rvith thiat lie uttered a which was true]. (J1.) - -'ei malicious and mischievous misrepresentalion, a calumny, or slander. (1 .) , game of tricktrack, backgammon, or [The tables: and, app., a pair of tables and other apparatuswith nhtich tiat game is playeed: ] a certain thing with vwhich one plays; (M, L ;) well known: (M, L, K:) a Persian word, (M, 1 (M, (as in several copies L,) arabicized: (M, L :) also called ;, ~ej' ($, K) and t 4 by TA) say, (as some invented JK,) because of the K, [and I am inclined to tllilk that this L, is the correct reading, as it may certainlly be Ardasheer the son of Bibak, (K,) a Persian kiing. correctly used in the sense here given, being (TA.) It is said in a trad., that he who plays properly an inlf. n., agreeably with analogy,] or at this game is as though lie plunged his hand (ts in others, which is said in the TA to into the flesh and blood of the pig. (L.) ' be the correct word, and to be given on the authority of AA, [but it exhibits an incongruity of letters: see 1:]) Mlischief; malicious and mix-. chierous niir.rqresentation, calumny, or slander. ;jgj: see what follows. 9; (S, .K.) - *v2J, fen. witih ;; and , .j~j, an arabicized word, (S, A, Mlsb,) from malicious utters who one A mischierons man; (K ;) and mischicrous misrepresentations,calumnies, or j5jj, (A, i,) whiclh in Persia,l; meaning "new but the former, day;" (TA;) and tjI; A strong man. (Qi.) slanders. (TA.) - .j which is of the measure Ja.j, is the better in ft., iA cnlamity; a misfortune. (.K.) relpute, because Jcas~ is not the measure of an Arabic word; (Mb;) The first day of the year; see &t,e and 4,: New-,year'.- dcty: (A, MIyb, 1 :) with the Persians,
when the sun enters Aries: and 'ith the Copts,

2783 former is an inf. n. used ua a subst. (Mob.) [The pl. is j3i, occurring in the TA in art. j.L.] - [The former is also used as an epithet: fem. with ;. You say,] 3;j ;l Ground, or land, haring water exuding, or oozing, from (L.b, TA.) as also t i. it; syn. .S1A; [Hcnce, perhaps,] ji also signifies t liberal, bountiful, or munficent. (Sgh, 4.) * Also, j. Much, or many. (K.) ~ A man (A'Obevd, S) light, or active, (A'Oheyd, ., .K,) or light in .s)irit, (TA,) sharp in mind, (A'Obeyd, ., K,) clever, or inylenious, (A'Obeyd, K,) and intelLight, inconstant, ligent. (A'Obeyd, TA.) firkle, or unsteady: (K :) an epithet of dispraise. (TA.)_ A man (TA) much, or cf/en, in (.K:) a man, (A,) and motion; as also t j.: an ostrich, (S, .K, TA,) that does not remain still in one place: (S, A, K:) or that is quick, or snwift, and does not remain still in one place: (TA:) or an ostrichl, and an antelope, that lcaps, jumps, springs, or bounds: (A:) and a light, or an active, camel; (TA;) and so ijJ, Light dust. applied to a she-camel. (S, TA.) i. q. j and '; . ., , an (TA.)_ (TA, art. jJ.) i: seO),.

jo";: see ji, last sentence. j:

fcm. with ;: sce i. A chilr's cradle: (A, (TA.) _ :) because of its ee alsoji.


the first of [the mnonth] Toot [thle ancient Thltoth, : ?.7 thrashed wheat, or corn, with a or the tenthi of September, N.S., excepting when ; (TA.) 't .-.- -.... j. immediately following their leap-year, which is when our next ensuing year is a leap-year]. the last (Mob, TA.) The word j3mj is said to have J (L, K) and t Jand t , of the dial. of El-Yemen, and a word of which been first used in the time of' the 'Abbisce Khathere is not the like in Arabic, (L,) A thrashing- leefehs; but it is related to have been used in insutrunent, or that with whichl heaps of wheat, or the time of Alee. (TA.) corn, are thrashed, whether of wood or of iron; (L, ]3 ;) or, of iron and wood; (Sifr es-Sa'adell ;) [a kind of drlag, used, in EIgypt and Arabia and some other countries of IVestern Asia, for the 1 j.i, (A, Msb, K,) aor.-, inf. n. 1. .d purpose of separatinJ the grain of wheat and j;; (Msb;) and * .4)i, (S, A, Msb,) The barley 4c. and cutting the straw, whict serves as ground, or land, hIad water exuding, or oozing, fodder; it is a machine in the form of a chair from it: (S, ] :) or had mnuch/hlonaing moisture: fixed upon a sledge, which moves upon small iron (Mb :) or became [abundant in] .1~ [or places nwheels, or thin circular plates, generally eleven, fixed to three thick axle-trees, four to the fure- welling forth wrater], as in the TS and the IK, [or places of stagnant water] by reason most, the same number to the hindmost, and three or is machine this to the internmedliate axle-tree: . L 1 :.¢): see ofthej;. (TA.) _ [:. drawn, in a circle, by a pair of cons or bulls, lie (an antelope, S,) . j;, aor.-, inf n. =ji, their driver being seated upon it, over the corn: ran: (S, . :) or he (an ostrich, anid an antelope,) (TA.) pl. [of the first and last words] .1I. leaped, jumped, sprang, or bounded. (A.) (g.) A plouglyshare. second, and first Also, the He (an antelope, 8,) uttered a cry, or cries. 1


frequent motion.

.S,) aor. -, inf. n. :j. and ( I ,(S, 1. ' j;,(S,) He excited discord between them: (AZ, s. : (TA.)-.aL ,SK:) like k. companion. his lIc incited, or urged, him against 'Jj) lJo What incited, (K, TA.) -_jb 1 i urged, or induced, thee to this? (Ks, S.)_ ji s , (S8,K(,) inf. n. , (S,) lie made an attack, or assault, upon him; syn. J0
-_ a ;& rj; le

.. ) (Ks, S. turned him bach from .
d Lj, like

iwhat he had said. (K,* TA.) -



and e:

see j.,

(Ibn-EI-Jarrlhh, Ks, S, K.) 4: see 1, first signification.

c~, [i.e., pass. in form, but neut. in signification,'] He was addicted, or devoted, to it; ,j -,. t .u , decirous of it. (TA.)_ &,., (S, K,) thus thou sayest, addressing thyself, when a man has been pursuing a good or an evil way, and turned from it to another way, or accord. to some copies of the S, _. instead of;,e, [which is for It O.;] (TA;)
Verily thou knowest not to what thing thy tnind

.j;, A wtell-nownmfruit; [the orange; citrus and tV WVater that exudes, or oozes, from aurantium; of which there are two species comground: (S, K :) or .flowing moisture: the and mon in tle gardens of the East, one sweet, the latter is the better word; and is (Meb:) the otherr bitter:] an arabicized word, from [the [said to be] Persian, arabicized: (TA:) the Persian] ilJ' [also called . 6]. (K.)

nill become addicted, or devoted: (ISk, S, g:) i. e., to what thy state will come. (K.) In one copy of the K, L, thine old age, is put instead' (TA.) of;.,.

2784 · i An inciter, instigator, or exciter. (TA.)

[Boor I.

~.a .t.i v. J).0 I[Thy wickedness ranges 5 9 o2 q,(A,1:,) or j, (so in abroad unrestrained,and] thy goodness is little. two copies of the -,) Such a one will not give until ·~ Jq.j~ [A man much addicted, or devoted, to (A.) he is importuned, or pressed, (A, K,) and despised.


a thing; vryj desirous of it]. (TA.) [See ;j..] , ',;j Addictted, or devoted, to it; desirous of

I j;:


5i. _

Also, Turbid mater. (}i.)
i: . s see and # .

(S, K, TA.)
2. , inf. n. .; (I;) or' "j, aor. ,

it. (S, I )

j andl

j and t


inf. n. j1; (Msb;) He made it little, or small, (Meb, V ;) namely, a gift; as also . A thing, in·-quantify; .·l[ 6

(i,) or dwelling, (TA,) distant, or remrote. (l.)

o °t-l.

(I.) _ Also *jj lIe gave hi,n a little,



aor. -, inf. n. ;

(S, K) and . and

ij; (}) IIe (an antelope) tittered a cry, or t9 ~ A distant, or See also 1, last signification. sound, (S, K,) at rutting-time. (S.) Used withl dnwelling. (Msh.)_ reference to the back and the doe; (] ;) or the remote, people. (S, T.) And ej"t, 'it Camelx 4. 0jyl: see 2, in two places. buck only. (S, ]'.) fromn distant regions. (A.) ISd says, that it is

smnall, paltyj, mean, contemptible, or inconsider. xJ.U A distant, or remote, town, or countrjy: able,gift. (TA.) [It seeins to be implied in the and , jli a distant, or remote, iwuse, or TA, that 9 o-il1 also has thiis signification.]-

6. IjtW i.q. Itj;. (sI.) Accord. to IHsh pl. oft j, and otlers, this verb has not becn heard [firom from a distant place. (L.) , and * 5. ,;j i.q. ,L, (1],) i.e., It became dithe Arabs of the classical ages], but only the and * ,jji A well entireily exhausted: or nearly minished, or rendered little or small in quantity. sulbst. wj.,which is therefore decided to be a exhausted: (g:) or 't 2. signifies a well (TK.) See also ; Ile I. as.ertedhirnelf to be transp. formnn of;.. (TA.) related to thre tribe of Nizdr: (K:) or he made containing little 1. ~js: jater:(S:) and .
or hlie introlduced himnself tji A surname; a niciname; a name of re- t Siy .ji being of the mcasure W.i in the sense amnong them, (S, ~,) not being one of themn. (TA.) 0 1 . , a w7vell containing no nwater; proach; an opprobrious appellation: syn. ,"iJ: of the measure J ~ j;, applied to anything, (TA,) little, or smnall, and it is allowable to say aea..: (Mb :) or a (1:) i.q.i. (TA.) See6. well of which tk', mater has .ieA buck-antelope; and a bull. (1K.) [By in some copies of the S, and the latter is probably meant the kind of antelope or a well of Awhich most of drawvn forth. (So in other called , l,. .] in the g.) See an ex., voce hitn.mself lie that tribe:

Also, IHe (God) caused himn to be pose.ssed of little good, or meaning Tiat comes to the water little wvealth. (AZ.)

a4.j. A bucket ( K) with which water is dramn;

in quantity or number; (S, A, Msb;) paltry, been exhausted: (so nmean, contemptible, or inconsiderable: (S, TA:) the like in the Nh :) (Msb) and the water has been ns also 9'j.i (M.b, C) and 9j copies of the S, and ;O,y.0: (g :) or the last signifies little, or small, in quantity, applied to a gill, (S, TA,) and to i;lj, art j.. food; (TA;) or a gift made little, or small, in quantity: (Msb:) and,, and t; ," a gift ob-

1. rj, nor. and;, ins n. P andl tj; (i;) and Vti;.l; (TA;) lie, or it, (a tiling, TA,) became distant, or renmote. (J.) -_jIl ;_,

(TA;) and the like thereof. (g.)




in£f n. -,.
or remote.

I. '; `: The house, or dwelling, berame distant, from such a thing; (S, K*;) and, by poetic is described as .;
(v.) 4 ~Y, (S, K,) a verb licence,
,, *J

tained by importunity or preing: and t* Z. a gift given without its being ashkedfor; without see w. importunity or preming. (TA.) It is also :Jl S Tlwu art far removed applied to speech: thus the speechi of Moliammad

?, [pas. in fbrm, bult nelt. in signiificats tion,] (lK,) Such a one became far removed from blame. his dn'elling-plare. (9, I.) I 1 ~j, j (S, M9b,


jj .' ,LJ [Distinwt;] noy little, or scanty, soas to indicate impotence, nor tF. with tLZ .1 (S.) Ex. : mnuch and corrupt: (. :) or not little nor much. -.* ' . 0~..~ 1..7 t Thou artfar removedfrom (TA, art. pM.) - A man po&sesinoj little, or no, (A.) good, or goodness; little, or no, wealth; and so
Jj;as also M. h, K) and -,Mo,Kan or late. (s.) t;,_ (AZ.)

K.,) nor.: (Myb) and :, (TA,) inf. n. tj; (S, 1. ,j, aor. -, inf. 0~~~o. n. j (S, A, Msb) and ,jj; (Me)l;) asid *t(t ; (K;) * a, A ;j; (Msh, lg) and ij., (f,) or He dren:forth all the ,raterof the mell ; exhausted it entirely: ($, Myb, ]:) or he drew fromn it M and L, and perhaps one of these until little water remained in it; nearly exhausted is a mistake for the other, (TA,)

Thou hast not come otherwise than xionly, tardily,

;jj., as in the *l)J: seei. last two forms It was, or be;l The quality, in a she-camel, of scarcely ever camine, little, or small, in quantity or number; (S, it. (K.)_ 1 ',, 2 , (A, Mshl, ]g,) aor. :, A, Msb, I( ;) paltryj, mean, contemptible, or in- conceiving except against her will. (TA.) (TA,) inf. n. , (B1) and X, (TA,) The well considerable. (S, *. TA.) See also 5. - Also, jj;, Any thing little, or small, in quantity or became entirely exhausted: (A, Myb, 1 :) or, beinf. n. ;j, lie (a man) m'a., or became, posessed number. (g.) See alsoj;. - A woman haviug

came nearly exhausted. (K.) See 4. -s
t Thou hast exhausted mne of



of little good, or little wealth. inf. n. ;,

(AZ.) _


fen children; (S,

;) and in like mannier applied

Awh¢at I had, or po.-

essed. (L, from a trad.) 4. ,,1l '

She (a camel) had little milk.

(TA.) to a bird; (-, TA;) as also


with kesr to

; i, aor. t, (TA,) inf. n. ;j, (g,) lie de- the j, applied to a wvoman: (.K:) pl. of the ,pised, and deemed little, him, or it. (!.* TA.) former, j.: (TA:) or the former epithet signifies i, (L, and so in some copies of the

See also 2. - HIe smote him with the [evil] eye. having little milh; (K;) applied in this sense to a (Fr, in TA, art.j .)s;ji,(As,A,) aor. , (As,) she-camel. (TA.) A she-camel having wide orifices copies of the 1S,) The people had the n'ater of their He H,) drew forth, or got out, to lwr teats. (L, voce Cy.) Of little speech; n'ell entirely, or nearly, exhausted. (L, K.) inf. n. .J, (As., what he had, by little that speaks atmd little: not (A :) until Ae imporimportuned, or pressed. (EnSee 1. tuned him, or pressed him, in ashing (A, ]g) a Nadr.) - A she-camel rhos~ young one has died t 8: see 1. 1matter of science or a gpft. (A.) You say also, and that affects the young one o another, ((

K, [agrecable with analogy,])or t. j, (so in other


Boox L.]
TA,) but wlwe milk comes not save scantily. (TA.) - A she-camel (TA) that scarcely ever conceives except against her wUll: (.K:) a mare slow 'to conceive. (L.) .: I see~; the latter, in five places.
see,.j.; a,

2785 apes or monkeys, not living in water, and the eating of which is unlawful: but as to the marine animal, some hold it to be lawful; whereas the sheykh Aboo-tH.mid holds the eating of the ,...J [of any kind] to be unlawful, because it has the form of the sons of Adam. (TA.). It is said in a trad. ofAboo-IHureyreh, .d:- 1 .'t ~,,'1 4,.1, [The but neut. in sense,] aor. L..j, inf.. n. :,.., Her menstrualdiechargewas later than its uual time, and it was therefore hoped that she was pregnant: (Kh, S, ]g:) or her menstrual discharge was later her pregnancy commenced: thanitsusualtime,and be pregnAnt: (Ay, ~:) or began to or she (TA:) she conceived. (AC.)m .~I L5, ($, 1~,*) inf. n.



See Supplement.]

men have gone, and the ,,t;..Jremain]. Being 1J, (TA,) He mixed the milk with water. (., . he answered, Tlose K.') - C'P.~ di LJ, and CAIh·L.., He mixed asked who were the who afect to be lie men but are not men. (TA.) the milk with waterfor him. (TA.) - .L.J He [For the verb &c.: see Supplement.] &c., gave him to dr'ink , q.v.; (i ;) i.e. !wine, or ( Sh ( mnilkt. (TA.) -- Zs-i ,She (an antelope) licked her young onejust after its birth. (1.) ~ L.,

~ (S, M, M 9b, g) and


(Is) A hind of

creature* (l. [an appellation oen applied par(, 1,) inf. n. ., (.,)It (a camel, sheep, &c.,) becaefat: (TA:) or began to gofat; when , ticularly to human beings]) whereof [every] bcn~a:(A)obatgyoa;we one 1. a., or.-_ (,.K,) inf. n. ~.;(8)and ererY jumps, or holm, upon one leg: (', M.b, ]£:) it i ts soft hair , afterfalling of, began to grow related in a trad., that a tribe of 'Ad disobeyed 'nin.S e a their apostle, and that God thereupon transformed 1.) a camel (.) &c. (L) he urged, or drove, it. '&' 61~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~2 : see 1. them into r evoey man of them having a (K, .K.) - U., aor. -, inf. n. ,,.j (.,I.)and a delay of granted him 4: see nLt 1. rie mentioned in the TA, [single] art, and a [/inlke] leg, [consisting] of one ?t~ (I~) [and :J yte ca, half [of a human being], hopping like as the bird art. Lbj;] and * .i; (H, ](;) lie postponed, I made 1"..' hops, and pasturing like as beasts pasture; (Is;) or delayed, a thing. (., .K. Explained in the. the ca.of a debt. (A.) --v ee ---.a and these arefound in the islands of China: (TA:) e or, as some say, these have become extinct; (;) S, . by. ,I, and in tbe by t , also, both of my 5§:wa see to 8. lead me far of. (v.) [See art. tor a transformed being lives not more thian three which words, accord. to the TA, are syn.) [See ai ex. of the use of Ut, wvitliout a final ., in ar.t. 8. Ltj.I it vavaposttponed, or delayed; syn. iv frt (s final., e(o f *..Jl, a days, as the learned have established; (TA ;) ex Inc~~~~~~~~~~~~8 t vpstocedoreljd;s. ~.lI and what exist now, of this make, are a distinct 'n'-, toce an.ii.] -s.ll Dt i., and j.-;U. (A.)1-'q lie (a camel, (,) ,ent far class of creaturew: (.K:) or they are of three ';.1 di ?.il, God postponed the end of his in the pasture. , "a -;3! lie kindls; Gan and and .U; (g;) and life; i.e., prolonged his life: (so in the F.s:) people)nwent far qff. '(TA.)retired, or withdro far of,fron&hins or it. frf)or L. the second of these are the baser sort; (TA;) or accord. to, ,gq.l d0l L.J, and . occur in two readings of jand I~ the.L,,L. are thefemales of tlam, (IK,) as Aboo- a... (TA.) All of these four modes of exa trad., for i..S'', (which is the correct readSa'eed Ed-Dareer says; (TA;) or theyd are of pression are allowable: (MF:) as also 01 hiigher rank than the ",- (s.,) as is said in the (Z:) and sa,t 0.4 !L.., and 0.l:' K ing,) in this sense. (TA.) [Hience it appears ~ 0: (TA:) or the ,.,t..J are [tie people.s called] that tL..0, accord. to some, also signifies he Ydjooj and Mdjoqj: (IAqr, M 9b, K:) or a 0J.'~, His retired, ,c.] 10. lie asked him to postpone or to certain people of the sons of Adam: (I>:) or life was prolonged. (TA, from a trad.)the i', He_delayed He delayed or or deferred deferred thegrant certain creaturesin the form ef men, (M, ]~,) so -y inf. n. *.,., him a delay in, the payment of his debt. t He [See also 1] - 5i called because of the weakne*s of their make, from watering of the camels; or kept themf'om water

L asked. hi to umaae the sale to be on. credit, Or fo. a...a.o, which signifies weakness, (M,) differing beyond the accustomed time. (L.) 4 . (A.) ayment at a future pe)io .from men in some things, and not of them: (K:) h'im a 'ea n ,r, arecord. to what is said [by some], a certai " He a sked his creditor to grant him a delay beast, reckoned among wild animals, that is hunted the time between the two drinkings, or wateritts, and eaten, having the form of a man with one eye of the camels, by a day: (A:) or by a day, or in the payement of his debt. (A.) and leg and arn, and thatspeaks like man: (Kr, two days, or more. (A, L, K.) . . ,l LS bl :) or a species~ of ,narine animal: (M.ab:) or, ,.o .ji He kept back, or put back. or drove back, accord. to El-Met'oodec, an animal like a man the camels from the tank, or cistern. ( ~, L, S.*) htavimy one etje, titat comes fin'th .fi'om the water. ·9 0 1,a 0,.. havinUI oo.J Ato WVhat aileth him! Alth God U and speaks, and, wrhen it gets a man w'ithin its .render him ignominious! (Kr, L,) or put him back·power, kills him: or, as is related in the L-Jt*n. ~, on the authority of lbncertain creatures renduem ~~~~~~~~~~~mr!()Wom ward! (L.) Whom lie puthoit backnwa-rd, Herrenders Herti heputs backward, (JL) in El-Yemen: o,.k.,J C.~I says, that they ignominious. (L.) t... , inf. n. ,p._lie sold are of the sons of Sim the son of s,m, brothers of a thing with postponement of the payment; he 'Ad and Thamood, not possessing reaon, living in sold it upon credit. (TA.)athe salt-water (~.~t.9I) on the coast of the flea of sisalatrf .1 V L , Hemdthsaead He made the sa to him to be on India : the Aralbs hunt them, and ~peak to them,cr t. ~Li He postponed ,credit. (8, 1P.) t.'1 and they speak thae Arabic language, and prpa- for him the period of the payment of the price of gate one with another, and poetize, or versify, and 'rL the thing sold. (A.) ..- ~ 1 t-, inf. n. ;.. [ name thonemlves by the names of the Arabs: (TA:) (Akh, .;)o and &;o.j v OLI, (a,* ]g.) and t [in the present dav, this appellation is applied a pig/ny: and also, to an ape:] Es-Suyoolee .sd! * 3L.J; (Akb, .;) He postponedfor him says, in the Deew.n el-Iayaw/n, as to the animal the period of the payment of his debt. (., TA.) it abs tolgar tpcao animl which t isv.',a verb like g.e&, [i. ae., pass. in form, ~~~~~~~.aywinh ,,,J and*' and * I A woman who is as alsoV t;,. supposed to be pregnant; (I;) (A, .g) and ? g.*: (A:) or in whom,, pregnancy (]r) and . has appeared: (l~ :) or, . (TA,) as also * ;w."., accord. to J and IM, but this is rejected by F, (TA,) a woman whose menstrual discharge is later than its usual tinm, and who is therefore hoped to he pregnant: an -* :)p.[f Lfan 1,... is also said; and sometimes the ndLJi..i sing. (k.): being originally an iaaf. n., is used as a pl. (TA.) - C...i and V: '_" Thin, watery, milk: (s :) [See 1.] Also, both words, (TA,) or the former only; (Ii, MF;) . but t is quoted in this sense, from IAy, who is said to have pronounced it thus, erroneously, for ~." i (TA;) Wine; or milk mixed with water. (T, S.)

2786 was another custom of the Pagan Arabs, men(IA*r;) drink t&at dipeo the reason. ([.) :,,J Fatn: or its commenement; (I;) its tioned under this word in the TA.] The Arabs, completeneus,'(consequent upon eating dry food, ) ($ ) being called ; fj.J!, (9,) orl., (TA,) [Fatne, or its com,nencement, ran through the beastsof carriage]. One who mixs, or conver, ex. with others:

[BooK .1. .. ... . a-; and n(S)inf or liking that the day of their return from pil(], O;,; and grimage should always be at one season of the (S;) and aor. :, inf. n. relationanother's] year, postponed it every year eleven days; at TA;) lie mentioned his [i.e. the same time keeping sacred tile two months skip, [lineape, or genealogy]; (, K;) saying, He in which tile pilgrimage took place, and tile j lie is such a one, the son of such a one; or art, an such of or city; or tribe, a suth of is monthl next after those two, and also the month of Rtjeb, it whatever season this fell. (TA.) or such a trade; and the like. (Lb. T.) * . [For the samne purpose, at one time, thcey used -- ' n=,,or. it,inf. n' ".,_lHe t,aced up his [i.e. He taced p hi [i orn to intitercualate a month in the third alnd sixth aid another's] (TA.) lineagetohitgreatestancestor. meti isedimto , eighbth of every eight years. See 4(ur, ix. 36, ' [nor. ?,] lle nshed him to mention, or | wher.e tile prohibition of this custom is ihhi. relationship, [lineage, or geneaogy]. him, . |tell : plied; and Sale's Prel. Disc.,§ vii.]._See

-a ~~~~9-

La ihJ , 1le is one rho mixes, or con-, mith tomen. (Q.) -_ See 1,o..

: d '.and and


and u,.


The ot_, - (9, .... and V _t : (1;, TA) and !; Length of life. (Akh, 9, g.)sat by hih,, and he asded ine to tell him my Ibn-Keledeh, i]. toh¢i,]. liae to nentine my so I ,nentio,cd Fu.,eehli of the Arabe [El-HIrith lineage; .,o delay, or post,ponement, A (,) ?-, like IK,) linsage my ~~~~~~~~~~iinage; . . tihe the where i as said in the Mz, close of 39th a. to the timne of the payment of a ddrt, or of tell to tel [Site asked us to t-_ I...; (A.)[Seasedu The first (A.) TA.) , (S, c. sold, thing a of price as* X, l;.JI '); says, quoted,] is to following our lineape;* so n,e mentioned our lineage to ~~~~~~her a snnbst. - C),a,.J&S -. _- . i is a suabst.; ((K;) nid also an inf. n.; (L;) herotlineae; some tioned o Iineage .i ,JJ He I ' 511 [and each of tihe others seems to Ihe sometimes herJ. (IAar, from a trad.)life of length and he tvhom one: him a [Let such to Shj related bc s *L..JI Xtg~ (as asserted himn to a, and t t, used as such]. _ t Z life) in r'qjoiceth (but there is no long endurance sold it on credit; for-payment referted his lineae, or oriein to such a one. 9,) I., ie also ,atame his ame of hi lighten his debts, and make his morning-meal derivation of orderivation oriffin or tlwc origin refer.redtiw Il· lie referred to be maade at a future period. (S, J, TA.) . such a one. - lie attributed, or ascribed, it fu r early, and delay his evening-meal, and take little oaTto ertoyptnent in women]: (9,' TA :) .IlJI here in and 'i , .. _ Also, A debt of Wrhich to such a one. See, for ex. -. see :-: Ieiangi debt. (T, M, TA, in art. k.j, where its referred li the payment is daferred by the creditor to a tile Mb. I'.erferdis &mj~ '. I.. e Mi Mb.thbis sayinig is cited withi some variatiomis.) of its name, to derivation or origin the or origin, credit, upon sale A future period. (TA.) f of the measure .' in the sense of the in which the ptayment is deferred to a certaiR, or su_e a thin!. - .ie attributed, or ascribed, it '" per,iod. (TA.) to such a thing._] jJu J1 d J !Is named measure Ja, ($,) A month which the Arabs, d finite, or referene, to in the time of paganirm, postponed: (4:) the | iC, pl. AL (S) anad O1,(TA,) Oiw lhim, or called him, in relation, and in like ancestor: an 37. meaning ix. one; ]ur, a lthe in such forbidden is which of doinig called act the perform to ieas it office ,rhose manner, in relation, or reference, to a tribe, a (e.)- Also, as an inf. n. of {U, (which it is a;. &C. See · also said to be in the L,) The postponing of a 0-, i. e., the otponing of a moth: ( TA:) town or district, an art or trade, I lie named it, or called it, (TA.) - -li p:s d W!.l, month: i. e., the postponing of the sacredness of lic wus also called month. another to a monthl; tratnsfeiring it grow ftt: in, relation, or re.ference, to suwh a thing. 1 .i Anything fat: or beginning to When the Arabs returtned from Mina, [after the .i in the L, 1.7 s .....- , and, by invcrsion, Ji t J.: is said, accomplishment of tihe pilgrimage,,] it was custo- in thIe 1 it oepoe. s (TA. hc ~.-.~ ~ ~..t5 US, (see 9 and g, in art. J.., &c.) ..He , wlicilh is more proper. (TA.) t" X;l marj for a man of the tribe of Kinnneli to arise attributed or imputed to him, or charged him . s 1. · · il ["t I am lie j,1 , .IYI and say, $W a-.' with or accu.ed him of, such a thing; namely, a ;: - seeJ£l Oi~I ~. 1. wiose decree is not to be rejected"]; (S;)or , or.>, '. ffiJ\,or [tUnion 1Uit-o vith hin(lred is a meauns fault &c. Both phrases are often used as signi. .A...h . ~W1 nJw~1~l ,. $..qYj l) ., 2y py qY multiplying wealth, a means of prolonging fying thlis by classical writers, and in the present C.; [" Verily I am not to be accused of ",. (S,K,) aor. (,)and one's meienorial]. (TA, from a trad.) ~ See day.] of a sin, nor am I to be charged with a and ; ;, (L,) inf. n. _ (S, K) anid fiult, nor is mny saying, (or decree,) to be rejected ;"] (TA ;) whereupon they w,,uld say, i-o._ (S, .K) and * ., (1g,) and also with- (g,) iq. t ... ; q.v.; (.s, ;) He mentioned e., i. "]; month a ~- [" Postpone for us 1' the woman in an apnatory manner, in the beginbecaus called so ) orstic: . ta out because called so : or·stick stall; A4 *,) (~, onit·, -MoEl. " Postpone for us the sacredness of (TA, voce a beast is urged or driven withi it: (1 :) a nig [or prelude] of a poem: harrani, and transfer it to Safar:" for they disnfnl,i amator~ languae, in amatory ,roman mentioned ttheo he mentioned in oman in in the he staff. (TA.) For "j', antid then turned to tl e liked that three months during which they might pastor's great the beginning of a ;., s. ·. si. C>; i.e. "from, not make predatory expeditions should come upon .Kur, xxxiv. 13, some read Krsxi.13smr. olject ofpraise: [for it is a general rule to com" was subsistence their them conse.cutively, as mrence a ;%- in praise of a king, or hero, or signioriginally ;id staff;" his of end the or of, Elmade obtained by such expeditions: so he fying the "bent part at each end of a bow ;" the like, with e ; the transitioni from this is Moharram free from restriction to them. (S.) :) he I:] see also tropically. termed he used (1Khb:) :] (IK '.1 being here ;) and e(Fr, TA, &c. &c~.;):se h ~trmedA andsoin (F~~~~~~~~~~ [lBut this, as appears from what is said in the her describing poem, his in woman the (TA.) This reading is disapproved by the author mentioned i~ur, ix. 37, was not done every year.] The but is supported by good authorities. as characterized by beauty and youth 4c.: (Lb:) trils of Teiyi and Khath'am did not observe the of the K. or describing her as characterized by good quali(TA.) sacred months; therefore the C 5 .tS (or postponer) ,vhether truly orfal.ely. (Z.) This phrase S..ties, Ann1 proclaimed it lawful to slay them therein, when both siganify description; the J. l and a .space. distance; 2An interval; 1 *..~1 ~ a~n ~ ~~~~~~~ .. bohsgiydsrpinah they were aggressors. (TA.) - [The tern ~n ;, 4Verily I am far from latter signifying "he described the man withi J j. e (s.) i. apnpears also to have been applied to The relation to his father, or his city or country, or lostponen ent of the time of the pilgrimage; whielh thee. (-)


`1'"' "' :...


BooK 1.] the like ;" aend the former phrase, he described the woman as characterizedby beauty and youth is also and lov or afction c. (IDrat.) ; employed to signify the describing of the places owhere tihe objects of love have taken up their abode in the season of the , and at othir times, and the lowr's longing to meet tihem and be united with them, and what else is comprised in the signilcation of the wnords .-... J and 3j-. (MF.) 3. ,.i [See Jji, and J'.]

2787 origin; reputedrelationshipor lineage or origin ;] a woman, or of nomen, in the beginning of a (].) See a.. (1s;) with respect tofatlier and mother; (ISk;) poem] is a phrase like s, or nith respect to fathers only: (]5 :) pl. of the and first, .l-S;; ( ;) of the t second, -$J; ) Skilful in L (,, .;~d (K) and (Msb.) The first, by -. of the t third, genealogy: ( :) [or rather, the former signifies (T.) poetical license, is contracted into t . very skilful in genealogies; or a great geneaBetnween them is relation- logist:] the latter, possessing the utmost knorw't. [You say,] ship; said whether they may lawfully marry one ledge in genealogies; or a most skilful genealogist: another, or not. (Msb.) See ,. [this being of a doubly intensive fbrm ;] the i being annexed to render the epithet one of excesi.i : Relation; proportion; comparison; ";-,; and sive praise: (S:) pl. of the former with rcspect to quantity, or measure, and the . you say S In proportion of the latter ;LJ: (TA:) I,l. i l like. See JQ 4. ; J. (S.) /t.;, meaning ?l.t 11 a,1 ._: The a,l1 to such a thing.proportion of ten to a 1hundired is [thlat of a L,;: see ,l.,j.. tenth]. (Mab.) - [You also say jii j. see In relation to, or in comparison ,ith, such a


Ile slared wnith him in relationslhip. W"Such a one is related (TA.)- C'W ,i: , . to, or a relation of, such a one. (S.) -_ inf. n. -, !]ie, or it, bore relation to, resimilar to, conformable to, analogous sembled, was to, correspondent to, suitable to, be/itted, him or it. (S, (, Msb.) See also . 4. 51t. ;I

A name of relation to a father, thing.] - ,.The wind was violent, and mother, tribe, town or district, art or trade,,c.: drove along the dutst and pebbles: ( :) [as also [as gjS, .S.,.! ending ,lj, C, *, A more general name of this kind with j. a more particular one: thus you precede shouid a relation, to be lie asserted himself 5. _ :;l: and it is better that a or kinsman, or to be related, [.l1] to thee. say j,lJ u< a tribe should precede one to of relation name ,v,J J-iJ ,9 HIence the proverb, ' of relation to a town or the like: thus you say (S, 9 :) i. e. Hle is [indeed] an ally wtho ~-. -:; l. It is said that the Arabs orij JI allies hinself by affection andfriendthi)p: not Iw OS ginially called themselves by such names only ntho asserts himself to be a hins,nan. (TA.) in relation to tribes; and that, when they took 6. I1 . t They were mutually, or recipro- up their abodes in cultivated lands and in cities, calbl/, related; resembled one another; vere similar, they borrowed names of relation to towns and conformable,analogous, correapondent,or suitable, the like from the Persians and Copts. (Mbh.) one to another; befitted one another. (TA.) See (.S, ) and. -_ . (TA) and t.l [And " Wg. it was suitable also _. (TA) Resenmblance; similarity; conformity; in its parts, proportionate, symmetrical, or unianalogy.; correspyondenee; suitableness; fitness. (S, ]., TA.) -j.JlHe -1 8. See 10 and 1.asserted his relationship to his father, whether truly or filisely; (S;) [saying, I am the son of such a one: as was generally done by a champion l when he sallied forthl to challenge].- ,. a 1 It (a voice) nas attributed, or ascribed, to him. (TA, art. .;.) Ex. -I :1e, and t -L*, and t .~U.., Between the tno things te _,. Beja L is a resemblance, dc. trween them two is a near resemblance, fc. (TA.) .- The relation of a predicate to its [E* subject (in books on logic).] Z.

A straight, or direct, and conspicuous, or open, road, or way: ( K:) or narrow road, or n,ay: (TA:) as also t 1C:;: (1 :) some say . , which is a dial. form: (TA:) or signifies the tracot of a road, or way. (K.) -


Ants that appear like a road i (S;)

antsfollowing one another uninterruptedly. (..) Dukeyn Ibn-Reja says,





[A source to which thou seest the people (repairing like) ants proceeding in uninterrupted succession]. (S.) - Alsq, the track of ants, (ISd, 15,) and of a serpent, and of wild asses going to their watering-places. (TA.) *_;:;: w,I,..31
.S .,,

see. ,


tI I,J1

This poetry is more, or most, . see 2: (]:) -: , like · i. (TA.)

elegant in what is termed as thongh they had said ,l6 and thence formed the word

,~l,, to give intensiveness to the signification,

: see,--.

(K) and t _:jI (TA) Hie 10. , 1--;~L,. , [A sharer in relation~ i.q. q mentioned his [i. e. his owin] relationship, [lineage, a. Poetry, ._ lation to its author !4c.]_ or genealogy]. (.K.) One says to a man, in ship; one twro becomes a sharer in relationship '.,x, [or an amatory or a poem, in wrhichl is asking him respecting .his relationship, &c., by marriage]: ( :) pl. tL;S and Al4.;.) (TA.) mention of a wtoman, or woemen, in its beginning]: (S, l~) and t ) One related; a [Men- -__ or li. tio ty rlationi , See ,, (].) tion thy relationsh7ip, or lineage, to us, that we relation; a kinsman. (S, I, TA.) You say pl. * may know thee]. (AZ.) see . ;1~ij [Such a one is my relation]: and { lie went s4..itl . , ", inf. n. !-, [Ttey are my relations]. (TA.) Q. Q. 1. lk and malicious to andfro betwneen them two With relation, or j[.A 3 , t e.., also, is used for mischievous misrepresentations,calumnies, or dan- kinsman]; and means a male, orfemale, relation; (L, i.) 4c. ders, j.,S [relations, or (Jel, xxv. 6 ;) and for e ,,,_,: see .-. kinsmen]. (Bd, ibid.) [See also ~..] -

,,r J.- [A] regular [hand-writing]: syn. e;U _j: (TA:) [properly, named in re-

i;,t and ~;j:

see '.a .


'.~ ,


-, in£ n.

He, H, or it, drew,

A man of rank, or quality, or collected, or gathered, together a thing: drew and ,. and t * and 1 a; (%, g) Relation- and t .r. like, and of family, or lineage. (TA.) - joined, or adjoined, one thing to another. This ship; relation; kindred; consanguinity;[family; the [An elegant amatory mentioning of is the primary signification. (L.) - . race; lineage; parentage; pedigree; genealogy; 9t$.,;


ji, jjj;jl The wid gathered together a web, a thing rwoven. (S, o. art. 3J.)_ theleasand the dryfragments oflant. Hence, *Oj, :a (an indeterminate expression, accord. to some, .,JI C.J, because the weaver Hishim and Fr, in L, art. ~, q.v.,) t He is unequalled, unique, or an only one of his kind, in adjoins the warp to the woof. (TA.) _ l,tjJI Tie wind drew tie dust togetler. knowledge &c.:for when a garment, or piece of cloth, is of a high quality, no other is woven of (TA.) -_ 411 . :.I ;, and J.jil, and exactly the same kind. (S, I~, &c.) It is only ;,.11, and ,l~JI ., t The wvind made rip- said in praise of a person. (TA.) [Opposed to pling lius, in cross directions, upon tie water, o,* ; -. ;;.]_'%J. '-j .. A garment, and the sand, and the dust, and [with dust] upon or piece of cloth, the texture of El-Yemen. ( Mb.) the traces of tie dn:elling. (A.) [And so] '-.JI .t !_[The texture of the rain]; JAe tb'I cj.cJ. ? :; Rippiling n lines were meaning the plants, or herbage. (TA.) made, in cross directions, by the wind, upoui the water, (;,0 A,) and the sand, and the dust, and a_L.j A kind of :aa., with which a the traces of the dwelling. (A.) person envelops himself: App. thusa called CJ1 C.?Jl I X Tle wind, blowing in cross di- by what is originally an inf. n. (L, from a rections, obliterated the traces of the place where trad.).


[Boox I. mnane: (A:) or the part between the mane and the place where the shoulder-blades unite: pL
.C . (TA.)


L , aor. , (inf. n. gJ, He dispersd S,) and removed dust; syn. L4jl. (g, and somer colpies of the S.) , aor. c, (inf. n. , S,) He coveted; syn. 1'. copies of the S.) (.K, and some

Lt 2A thing with which dust is dispersed and removed. (K.)

perwns had alighted, (S, },) [by covering it with dust or sand in such a manuer as that it might be likened to a web].-.. I It (a spider)

1. 5i' : aor. , (L, g,) inf. n.
9 ;.31;




The art oJ weaving. (S, V.)

an' c : see

wove, or spun, its web. (A.)_ J . _, .t.. [in some copies of the , t* , aor. ,, and , (I, 1,) inf. n. , ( He H;,)wove ,]J A weaver. (K.) the piere of cloth, or the garmeat. (TA, &e.) the act. part. n. of also, A manufacturer of coats of maiL And l . He plaited a thong. (TA, in .l art. t.HJ.) _ 'a:l . ! He wove, or corn- (]) E,.Ct. also, S A liar; (I ;) a forger of lies. (TA.) posed verses. (TA.) - ... JI HXe (a liar, TA,) forged speech. (I4.) Also, t He -. : see ..LJ. 0'b. 4. * exrplained, or espounded, language; syn. e and _ A place where the art of mored her legs quickly in going along. (TA.) wearing is practised. (S, K.) - See .-.

(L;) Ife, or it, annulled, superseded, obliterated, efaced, or cancelled, (L, K,) a thing, 1 J." 1. by another thing. (L.) It anaulled, or superseded, a thing, and took the place of it.



J1 ,-jI 2 '-

;-, and 't'.-1


t The

sun annulled, or superseded, the shade, (S, L,) and took the place of it. (L.)

4,v.Ztl JI t HIoariness took the place of youth. (A, Also, p lie annulled, supler.cded, aboli.slted, or nmade void, a thing, substitutingfur it another thing. (I.) Ex. J' 1ir He (God) abrogated,annulled. or supersetled, the verse of the .Kur-nu, (Lth, Fr, S, L,) substituting for it another; (Lth, Fr, L;) k.'9l by 8. .JI It became drawn, collected, or the [i.e. another] terse: (S:) or hIe canged (8, K) and - (TA) [A weaver's gathered, together: became drawn and joined, or loom;] the apparatus upon signifying he uwhich tle web is substituting for i! another: t adjoined, to anothler thing. (L.) See 1. . chanyged a tlhing by substituting for it another stretched to be woven; (S, ;) the wood and It (a piece of cloth, or a garment,) became woven. apparatusused in the art of weaving, upon which thing. (IAar, L.) [See also 4.] Legal t , ('rA.) the web is stretched to be woven: (M :) or, or abrogation, may respect the letter and the specially, the __; (TA;) i.e. the stay of a force of command, or one of these; whether the e ',,:'~ I The spidler's web. (A.)_ command have been performed, as is generally wearer's loom; syn. /. : (TIK:) [in the See .e-. the case, or have not been performed, as in the present day, applied to a frame for weaving: case of the sacrifice of Ishnlael, [or, as some of Proayer-carpets;carpetsupon which prayer and to one for embroideriny]. _ ($, ](,) the Muslims say, agreeably with tile Bible narisle)formed; syn. zlot>~. (IA9r, Th, }l.) and t (TA) [The withers of a horse: or rative, Isaac,] for Abraham was commanded to the lower part thereof: or the part below the sacrifice him, and then the command was abro' CY. A she-camel that moves her legs quickly itllers:] the prominent part from the branchelus gated before its execution. (Msb.) - Also, in going along: (TA:) or a she-camel whose of the shoulder-blades to tie lower part of the lie, or it, clanged, or altered, a thing. (..) load that she carries des not shake about: (1 :) neck and to the oeen part of the back; as also Ex. j3tJl ;L.1 5 ! ,..,iZ Tihe wind clhangedy so in all the copies of the g; but accord. to .l'-: behind it is the J&.l.: (A'Obeyd:) or or altered, [or, it may also be rendered, oblitemore than one of the leading lexicologists, a sherated, or c.faced,] the traces of tie dwelling. (.) camel whose load, and saddle, are unsteady upon in a horse, the same as the ,,Lb in a man, and 9:~ He tran.formed him, or metanorher, and shaking about: (TA :) and a she- the .jt_. in a camel: (TA:) or the part of a camel that makes her load to shift forward horse below the 4jt.m [which latter is the withers, phosed him, into a worse, or nore foul, or more to her Jtb, ", [or the part of the bach next the or the upper part thereof]: ($, K:) or the ugly, shape; i.q. a.L~: ( :) ex. tI. [or withers] of a beast, God transformed him into an ape. (Fr, Abooneck,] by raon of the vhemence of her pace. sweUing part of the ,Ltb4 at the place where the mane terminates, beneath Sa'eed.) - [Also, as used in post-classical, and (ISh, .) the pommel of the saddle: (T:) said to be so perhaps in classical, times, He (God) caused his and t ' . [the latter originally an called because the sinews of the neck extend soul to poa into tie body of another man.] The towards the back, and those of the back towards connecion of the soul of a human being, after its inf. n.] £q. , Worm. (Msb, TA.) [And the neck, and are woven together upon the departuref om thL body, with the body of anothr hence both, as subets., signify A web.] So t '; shoulder-blades: (TA :) or the extremity of the human beig, is terned 5i; with the body of 1




BooK 1.1


" : see and with with a plant, w; a beast, .)j. an inanimate and not-increasing body, , and V .;., A distant town, or ~.~J d;;. (Margivnal note in a copy of the KT.) [But (i.) -[A trantsvrse or country. or district, See also 6.] see 1 (last sentence) in art. t. in art. c .] cross wind. See lIe tran.ferreda thing from one place _to another, it remaining the same: (TA:) he A copier, or transcriber, of and transferred what was in a bee-hive to another a writing or writings, or of a book or books. (L.) ($, Ut, [hive or place]. (J4.) _ 4-.JI A verse of the Kur-dn that abro_; a. -' (Msb;) alnd ; Mob, I,) nor. c, inf. n. gates, annuls, or supersedes, another terse. (S.) ; (S, 1 ;) , :';1.:0, (s, Mgb, I,) and .... [See 1.] [And so,] 't ,i . ~1 A verse of the are syn., (S,) signifying .Ie copied, or trans- Kur-dn that is abrogated, annulled, or superseded, cribed, the writing, or book, (T, Msb, K,) letter IJy another verse. (S.) - [tU An eplithet t; [Ie % .lL-;. for letter. (T.)applied to a particle, (namely, Ol and the like, has not copied it, but only corrupted it by and . and X,) or a verb, (namely, the abstract changing tile diacriticalpoints and altering tlhe c,' and the like, and .lw and the like, and ', in the ]ur, tmeanings]. (A.)_- - , and the like,) nhich effects a rhanle of the xlv. 28, signifies lWe set dorn, or register, and grammatical form, or of the meaning, in a ,reserve: (Jel:) or Wte command to be tran- nominal prolosition before which it is placed. scribed and to be set down, or registered. (T.) alaALjl oj3iJI Tihe particles which quolity of the inchoative.] the annul 3: see 6.
.. Ile (God) made a verse of the ]ur-An 4. J to be abrogated, annulled, or superseded, by another verse: (Z, MF:) orfound it to be so; like J.a-I "he found him, or it, to be praised, or praiseworthy." (AAF.) In the K]ur, ii. 100, (MIsb.) . (TA.) or transcribed. C for * Ibn-' imir-reads [See also 1.] see t. '~o:


whatever be its species or variety, known to the Arabs, except the'.;, or aquiline vulture; and said to be applied by some of the Arabs to the eagle; (see also iOJ ;) agreeing with the which is plainly applied to the Hebrew 'rt, former bird in Micah, i. 16, and probably in other instances;] a certain bird, (S, M, A, Mob, 1],) wellU known; (A, Mqb;) so called because it plucks ('~ ) a thing, and swallows it, (A, and so in some copies of the K,) or, and pulls it out (so in some copies of the K,) or, and chases and captures it; (so in some copies of the X; the and aLi-A and j various readings being e'j : ;) it is said that it has no


talon], but only the *j [or nail], like that of the domestic cock and hen, and of the crow and the [or aquiline vulture]: (S :) ';' like, and of the

w-hich eats the bird called in Persian j. , is said to lire and tofly, unable is carcases until it that asserts, a thousand years: (Kzw :) AlIn the v is a bird of the derscription called jUP; (0) I The sect wldich holds the doctrine [which is a term applied to birds of prey, and to 4Ie . noble birds, (in a sense wider than that in whicha of 1,. 1 t.;;iW [or the transmigration of souls], this appellation is used in English falconry,) and and denies the resurrection. (MF.) especially to eagles;] but [ISd says] I know not A writing, or book, copied, hlow that is: (M :) pl. (of pauc., S) .'!1 and (of antd 9


The things succeeded one 6. *tte,'l ,..3, see another, one tahing the place of another. (L.) (A, Msb,) and ijt, i ., -_ (Mhsb, K,) S The times succeeded, one in the place of another; (nMsb, K;) one pas.iny away after (S, M, R) and ;, (M, 1,) inf. : 1. Z, aor. heirs [T/he ,:: another. (K.) - i;l (a bird, M, K, or a hawk lie e,) n..J, (S, M, died, one after another, and so cancelled their or falcon, S, [or other bird, see 1.- below,]) .CL (S, K) and plucked flesh (S, M, 1~) with his beak. (S, TA.) rights to inher,itance]. (A.) '. (1K) in the case of an inheritance, You say also, oy. t' ;., meaning, lIe (a hawk (S, Ig,) or with respect to the fixed primary or falcon [or other bird]) plucked his flesh with his portions of an inlleritance assigned by the Kur-an, beak. (A.) _ [Hence,] Jo I He blamed him; is The dying of heirs after other heirs while the foundfault with him; spoke evil f himn behindl his originalinheritanre remains undivided. (S, K.) of him nwhat nould It became changedfrom one state to back, or in his absence, saying __ X, rieve him if he heard it. (A.) l ; W t [The soul gs another. (L.)- _ l He (the ZCi~ [or ignoble bird, or transmigrated]. (MF.) t.LL, [The trans10. migration of the soul from one human body most ignoble of birds,] S, M) became a yj- [or to another, is thus explained;] the connexionl vulture]: (M:) or became like the rj (S, ) in J of the soul with the body after its separation strength. (].) Hence the proverb, ,L.Il e f'rom anotler body, without the intervention
, -;t. "

* , (S, M, Mqb, ]C.) mult., S);. t [The Falling, or Alighting, Vulture,] and .>lJJI .- ;JI t [The Flying Vulture,] are to .stars or asttrisnu, (S,' M, A, l\lb, k,) nwell.kaown, (M,) which together are called QI-;Jt [the Twc' Vultures], (M, A,) and each of wvhich alone is (M ;) b,i,,, called y.JI (M, Mb, 1g) and 2; foricr is the :) (M named: so bird the to liketed [or the bright star [a] in the constellation j.L that (.-j) ulture a to Arabs the by likened Lyra] has contracted its iintgs to itself, as thouwjh it had alighted upon something: and the latter consi.sts o/ the ;hree niell-known stars [a and P and y] in the constellation A,lJI [or Aquila]: (Kzw :) [Thc fonrmer rose heliacally, about thc epoch of the Flight, in central Arabia, on the 25tlhof November, O.S., with the Eighteenth Mansion of the Moon. which is a of Scorpio; and the latter, on the 28th of December, O.S.: and both set, together, anti-hleliacally, at that period and in that part, on the 24th of July, O.8. See '., and v_',,-(~, M, Myb) and. "l, (S, M, K,) ,,s.] the latter occurring in a verse cited in art. , (S,) A certain idtol, (S, M, Mb, ],) belomging to Dhul-Kelae, (S, Msb, g,) in the land of i.limyer,

(JJ13)of any time between the two connecions, in our land becomes like the by reason of the essential love subsisting between most ignoble birds, vultures]: (S, M:) meaning, (S, 9,) as :£ p did to ANedhyij, and Jj' to Hemlike become or vulture, f the soul and the body. (KT; in some copies oi the weak among us becomes strong. (S.) See [See also 1.] [.S.) dan, of the idols f the people of Noah, (S,) all of which ,>_; is put for also art. t.,4. which are mentioned in the ]ur, lxxii. 22 and 23: :' Myb, L, (S, d.S:A copy, or transcript: (S, M:) or a certain good man, who lired between .) (s, M, Meb, ~, &c-) and sometimes ' so called because it supplies the place of thie [agreeably with the modern general pronunciation] Adam and Noah, and of whom, after his death, A and *t.., (Sheykh-el-Isl/m ZekereeyA, in his owat made an image, which, after a long time, original: (L:) pl. -i. (M9 b.)-Also, and el.. and copy, or an original, from which a trascript iu Comm. on the Expos. of Bd,) but this is very became an oblert of worship; like >. in the Jgur, therewith mentioned jj, and , vulture, any app. mvture; strange, (MF,) [The made: (L:) [pl. as above].

[Verily the most ignoble bird, or

2790 ubi supra. (Bd.) ~ Also, y. [The frog, or frush, of the hoof of a horse or ass or mule; thus called in the presept day;] a portion of tough flesh, [or ratber a horny substance,] in the C>. [or sole] of the solid hoof, as though it were a datestone, [Inhich it resembles in substance,] or a pebble: (S:) or the flesh of the solid hoof, ndhich the osets liken to date-stones: (T:) or a portion offleh, (8.) or of hardflesh, (M,) in the >1k [or sole, or inner par.t,] f the solid hoof, (M, ]~, TA,) as though it were a pebble, or a date-stone, (TA :) or rwhat rises in the C>t? of the hoof of the horse, from, or of, the upper part thereof: (M, ] :) or the .bt1 itsel of the solid hoof: (M:) pl. j-, Ahoo-Sa'eed explains [r o soleb] of the solid hoof, which are likened to date-stones because of their hardnes, and which do not touch the ground. (TA.) Hence the saying, . ;.. '& sing. ,-.JI [A solid hoof itard in the frog: the
as signifying the prominences in the

[Boox I. °... (S, A, Msb, 0) and t, , (Mob, J,)or the former only, (AZ,) The beah of a bird (g, A, M 9b, ]I) of prey; (S, Mqb ;) or of a hawk or falcon; (A;) that of any other bird being called (S, Msb.) - [IHence,] t both words also signify t A portion of an army that goes before the main armny: (9, I :) [likened to the beak of a bird of prey; as the side bodies are likened to the wings:] and a troop of horse or horsemen in number from thirty to forty: or frons& forty to .flJty: orfromforty to sixty: (M, 1 :) orfrom a hundred to two hundred: (M, Ms1b, IK:) or a troop of horse or horsemen: (EI-Farabee, Msh :) or an army thtat does not pass by anything wiithout snatching it away. (Msb.)
y : see

boiling. (TA.) [See also ;'..]

Ji- -


[aor., accord. to analogy, ', but vulgarly, in the present day, ,] IHe drove [or rehiked] away the flies. (TA.) R. Q. L ;:,....-

see 1. in two places. e',

See also

(M, ]g,) whichl



,;i The half of an )1 [tor ounce]; (S, A, Mghl, Mpb, K;) i.e., tnenty dirhe~ms; (., Myb, k1;) the ai91 being forty dirhems; ($, M9 b;) and five dirhems beingf called 1lj: (S:) or the n.eight of a date-stone ($10) ofgold: or the weight offive dirhemsu: or the quarterof an i;.jl: (TA:) and the half of anything; (I Ar, S1s, Az, Mglh, Msb ;) as, for instance, of a dirhem, and of a cake of bread. (IAar, Sh, Az, Mg!h.) ,AiL: see i,LiJ.



See Supplement.]

o,il . and 1 _LJ Salt land that produces no herbage. (IDrd, l..)

and pl. being used indiscriminately]. see. yj, first signification.

(TA.) 1. ,,:, aor.


(A, TA,) inf. n.


(S, A,


O.O. [The wild rose, dog-rose, eglantine, or sweet brier: so in the present day: and, accord. to Spreng., Hist. Rei }Herb., cited by Freytag, the jonquil:] a well-known rose; (]g;) a nmellnonn twect-xmellin flponrer; (Mgb;) a sqecies of sweetsmellinypfloner; (M ;) a Persian word, (M, Mob,) arabicized: (Mgb:) of the measure L1i,; and, if so, the [final] 0 is radical: or of the measure ·> .; and if so, that letter is angmnentative: Az says, I knlow not whether it be Arabic or not. k,. The eagle; syn. ,.i/: (IAtr,] :) likened to the ,. (IAnr, TA.) [Hence it appears that, accord. to IABr, the j- is not the eagle.] ;i; (also written with o,, S, Meb,) A certain disease that happens in the inner angles of the eyes, (., Msb, l~,) witIh an incemsant defluxion therefrom: (., TA:) and sometimes it happens also in the part aroundtie anus: and in the gum: (., Mh :) or it signifies also a certain disease in the part around the anus: and a certain disease in the yum: (14:) and is an arabicized word [from the Persian]: (S, Meb:) jel., pl. of ;yi., accord. to certain of the physicians, is a term applied to deep tulcers in the anus, at the extrenmity of the gut. (Msb, art. j,a.) Also, A vein constantly becoming recrudescent, . ,)uwith an inessantdejluzion; f (S, J;) corrupt within; whmneer its upper partheak, breahingforth oaain with corruption. (TA.) See also

5[.Kur, liii. 48,] The resurroKsll, &c.]. (TA.) _ 4.J.ll , inf. n. iJ, The 5S.f'13, or rection: [lit., the other life]. (TA.) - ai;J piece offlesh-meat dripped. (Sh, from certain of 1or, or l..;J, [I8ur, xxix. 19, the sane: lit., the Kilabees.) Also J,,, aor. , inf. n. j the latter l/fe]. (TA.) [See also et3W below.] (S., .) and j, (TA,) said of a pool of water left g inf. n. ', and :t; (TA) and :iyJ; by a torrent, Its water began to sink into the earth: l:;, (S, 1,) (., ] :) or its wader dried up, and sank into the ( ;) lie grew up, (K,) and became a youth, or ; * _ 5 earth. (TA.) It (water upon the surface of the young man. (S, p.) [Sce ground) dried up. (TA.) It (a full-grown un. :S anid L s ,Au; (TA.) . ) 1 J (S) ripe date) lost its moiture. (TA.) - O JI grew up, and became a young mnan, among the O1t,..,. [aor., app., ;,] lie infused the oil, or sons of such a one. (S, TA.)_ -t, (, g,) other ointment, with perfwne, by boiling it roith inf. n. :.; and ,;.~, (TA,) It (a cloud) row, ~wet-smdling plants until it made a sound in (g, }j,) and appeared: said of its first begin-

Mgh, M 9b, K) and :J, (TA,) It (said of water, S, Mgh, Mob, K, and of other things, S, K, such as wine, and flesh-meat, TA) made a sound in salt. ($S.) boiling, estuating, orfermenting: (S, Mghl, Mtsb, .tJ;: sce ".g :) and it (anything) ;nade a sound lihe that of boiling, estuating, or fermentiny; or of beginning *m..tL.J1 Tie part of the shore of a to do so: and it (water) made a sound in pouring sea or great river from which tie trater has forth. (TA.) You say also, Jl ,:., (TA,) retired. (A.) inf . 'j -. ; (IDrd, K;) and t , (TA,) - [A jly-nhisk;] a thing rwith which the inf n. . ; (IDrd, K ;) The cooking-pot made a sound in boiling: (1Drd, 1J :) or began to boil, flies are driven away. (TA.) and so made a sound. (TA.) And ~ l .,, , ' j >a, Oil, or other ointment, infused with perfume, (1, TA,) by boiling it nwith sweeat. .ao. i~g[The water made a sound in a new smelling plants until it makes a sound in boiling. earthen mug]: (A:) or ;Il. ~. .i a,.JIj1 (TA ) [See also ia.] Tlhe nen' [earthen] mug made a sound in the water. (Mgh.) And t*1 .;; Tle coat oj mail made a sound, (g,) or clinking. (Fr.) - Also, I. 5, iJ . 0 It (wine, A, Mghl, or the beverage called .:, 1. tjL, aor.:; and :;, aor. *; inf. n. TA,) estuated, orfermented: (A, Mgh, TA:) or and 1 ; and L.Land et.;i and el_; lle lived; t.-" signifies the beginning to estuate, orferment, (1];) and (accord. to Sh) he rose, or became Wl;J1 of the first of expressed juice [of grapes or dates elevated, or high. (TA.) - [It rose.]

i,ItA5 ~,, (S, A, g,) and V 'tti, (Az, TA,) A tract of salt land of which the moisture [or, as in a copy of the A, the earth,] does not dry up, nor its pasture, or herbage, grow: (A, g :) or what appears of the water of salt lands, and begins to sink therein, so that it becomes

,- a,



Boo- I.]
ning. (TA.) -_I He arose. (TA.) -[It


odour, of wine. (IAar.) [See 10.] _ See .tU . perhaps, appears TA,) in the night: pl. aW,J; Also, The young ones of camels: (Kr, 1 :) (1g;) a strange form of pl. of a word of the became produced; it originated; C from anmeasure jAU: (M, F:) or =0'D [see ]ur, other thing. See 4.] - It happeved, occurred, pl. [or rather quasi-pl. n.] Lt.. (K.) Ixxiii. 6,] is an inf. n. (1) in the sense of ;k: j1 J UJ [An or came to pas: (TA.) - A creation; an original itW and t .ti opinion occurred to him, or arose in his mind]. production. (Ahoo-'Amr Ibn-El-'Ala, S) [See (TA:) AM says, that JlI a::U signifies .A ($, K, art. .- ) J-UI the rising in tie night: (TA :) or a.U also 1.] - See !:&. the first part of the night, and of the signifies ,],) [signifying 2. ,-iandy 9.1 are syn., (8, precedes, ;sd: see what dal: or the first of t/ie hours of the night: (;, ] :) lle was reared, made to grow, or grow up, and a pious act of the night; i.e., performed in or to become a young man.] See 4. see S the night: (S :) or every hour of the night in 4. Lil le (i.e. God) raised the clouds. Thefirst part that is made of a tank, or which one rises: (] :) or every hour of the night: ;' or sign beacon, a up set lIe Wl (;, 1~.) _- L..S (Zj :) or a riing after a sleeping, (.K,) in the first ,LS A tank, a of the ray, in a desert or highway: (TA:) cistern. (ISk, S, K.) (..) part of the night; (TA;) as also * ;.. up, and is dried water the of which cistern, or beacon, a up Ie set and so iJs t....;l The [Lf. The place of origination of anything, n.°LI, the bottom apparent. (S.) - Also, a.. or signof the way. (A.) _ ;±..I, i.fn. lie (i.e. God) coaused him to attain the ageof mtao- stone that is placed in the bottom of a tank, or properly and tropically; its source.] cistern. (A'Obeyd, S, K.) - The earth that is hool, or nearly that age. (TA.) See 2.- -1il A beacon, or sign of the U_; and It God) (i.e. lie :] 'L app. TA: [so t t:; and (IS,) which are the stones that way, raised and pointed. (1i.) [See the verbs.] behind the 1';, created; produced; originated. (E.) 1I LI are set up around the tank, the interstices between -Also, the former, An elevated hill. God originated the creatitm. (TA.) tiu-.*l 5)l. J [Cur, Iv. 24,] The Ihips writh which stones are filled up with kneaded clay: ",J &;.jl I originated it; broutght it into being or (TA:) or it is said to signify what is constructed lerated sails: (Muj&hid, i, l :) or, accord. to existence; made it, or rroduced it, for the .first round the tank; also called ;Lcl. (TA.)one reading, t I ±.-Pl, The ships elevating their time, it not having been before. (Msb.) - tI:l (TA :) or, advancing and retiring; or sails: The earth that is takenforthfrom the i..J ; IJ1 lIefounded or began to build, a house [&c.]. (K1.) coming and going: (Fr:) or, commencing their' ic What is fresl and green ie fIramtned or constructed, a proverb, or well. (TA.) courses. (TA.) phirase. (TA.) - IIe composed language [such of the plant wrhich is called, when dry,'i,. .. iL A she-camel that has conceived: S" as an ode or the like]. (TA.) - lie recited (1i, TA.) - And (which is nearly as above, , nweU. (lAar.) - Hefinged L,) The plants poetry, or a ; and eji : (L, ]:) or (1 :) of the dial. of Hudlheyl. (TA.) - See .i a tradlition, (S, ,) and attributedi it [to the accord. to AHn, the plant called ; it ihven c, lt:l, followed by an aor., Prophet]. (Lth ) has become a little tdhirl, and high, and is yet tresh lie begyn (S, 1) to relate, (1v,) or say, (TA,) IU-. : see U.. L I lie went forth from it. and green: (TA:) or, (as he says on another or dlo. (s.) , (]g,) also without o, (TA,) Afemale ';~:t occasion, TA,) what has sprung, or sprouted up, l h ence ha st thou come Wh", W1G ) E. Er. (K.) dirincr: (8 :) so called because she ~ecks, or of any plant, and not yet become thick; as also The she-camel z;l Li forth? (TA.) - Jsearclies after, news: see the verb: or from L±.I t Uj. (K). See fU, at the end. conceired: (4r :) of the dial. of lludlheyl. (TA.) w-,withw' "he originated:" (TA:) or or apto, ii li.1e came to, advanced _. A young person past the age of puberty: out tenween, is the proper name of a certain female diviner, (T,) one of the Mundeledelu proached him or it. (TA.) (TA:) or a boy or girl past tle age of childlhood: ,o1UJ) of l.ureysh, in tiue time of Mohammad. ( ie rose and went to accom- (S, K :) or a comely young man: (lApr :) or a '.3 5. i..-I_J (TA.) youth'wlho has attained the stature of a man: plish his affair, or business. (AA, .K.) (AHeyth :) a girl, as well as a boy, is called thus; I),t Ie arose and went running to accompllish 4 1... (AA.) (TA;) and they also say, a his a.fair. (AA.) i (.$, [or these two are rather P1. %i. and .. the a;rll o , . inorn. (I acol He scents the quasi-pl. ns.,] or the * former is an inf n. r() and 10: see 4. - ~ J. the c: in TA, to (, accord. (; (e) and wind: said of a wolf: (ISk, S :) and ;_Z.1 used as an epithet, Aboo-Moosa,) and ' J ; .:4; (C1;) and ; :) and C1 / Ie sought, or searched after, news: (k, ;L."..1l (AlHeyth) and ,u1,I: (TA:) or the last is a p,I. q. v.]; The thing stuck , (s, 1) [and t TA:) in both instances, with and without ,; of ,lSU as applied to a girl. (MF.) Lth sayE i (;, L) that t'l Tlte .- .; eil ; fast in the thing. (S.) (S,* L;) being derived from t.j signifies Young people; or youths; ; not ;) would (TA it; or him, in fast stuck bone a ] and is used in the sing. also: ex. .,. L. :. ~';' ; ,.;: [see also and '.~ aor. , inf. n..*, [I requested him to com- lie isa bad youth: and he eays that he hadI pass through. (.) 3j.a * *U..(L.) b in a pose, or, perhaps, to recite an ode, or t/ never heard 5i used as an epithet for a girl. It became avught, or entangled, r sometimei is :,;J pl. the * of the that says (Lth.) Fr or snare. a net, in game as s thing; 'like]. (A.) :, J Jj suppressed, and they say, in the nom. $ 1[I bought some _·; l. · 'S Risen clouds: (o:) or the and : :j sesame, and a man seized it, or laidhold upon it,for youths]; acc., ~o Lt;; gen.m [zExclent first that rism of themrn: (S, 1 :) or their first ... .. _ . Clouds not eompletel. hitIsef]. (TA). - . These j,c . (TA.) >,qj tl JI ,;; appearance: (ex. ; derivei is said, is it Hence, together. I inf. n. .j is, (A,) t The war, or fight, became clods have a good first appearance:) or cloudi coUlected A a - g, ), beten them. I C.e;; which is thereforn intricate and entangled ( the expression when they appear like a piece of drapery (;s.J I ceased not (TA.) - tIMj Oti1 Wkhater happens (and l spread out. (TA.) - :U.. The exhalation, oir tropical. (TA.)- 352
· t.

2792 to do to. [Boox I.

,J,i 1 [The catches of a lwck]. (A'Obeyd, .. ,. g.. ,* 4 if. b;b I teas onc e in TA, voce q.v.) :.!. Tough, .k', or such that, when I clung to a man, he eperimncet pl. oevil from me; but non I have reverted fron, dry, bad, unripe dates; syn. * JI ,t: being such through weakneu. (IA3r, .*) [8Se also art. ".] A proverb. Said by El-liritl h [They brougat us tougi, or dry, bad, unripe syn. "'. (g) Ibn-Bedr El-Ghodhuee. Applied in the case o f dates, that choked,or stuck in the throat]. (I Ar.) him who has become abased after having been n-: see 2. ;LJL )f i,4.. [Tley j at about, oi great or powerful. MF observes, that ;.ti ai eommand, tAe slaughter of 'Othmdn]. (TA, A garment of the kind called jp. figured syn. with ;l& is properly written ; and a' tirom a trad.) - . JI 1 i. q. : ( :) that it is altered here to assimilate it to iac:. with theforns of arrows: (g:) or figured with mentioned by Lb, but as being of weak authority. but it wrill he seen that 4 is explained in the e a pattern resemblin the notclw. of arroos. (A.) (TA.) - See 4. 1, in another instance in this art. in a sense 3. .JlI ~.i t He waged open mar rwith suitable to it in this proverb. (TA.) _him; contended with him therein; [app., with [A hloldfast. And hence,] t A man who, wlhen he 1. , aor. :, inf n. ,ertinacity]. (U.) - ,.., and , t is involved, or engaged, in an afair,can scarcely ,;,, inf. n.a, besextricated, ordiengged,from it; (A, 1g ;) or (water) made a sound [in running] upon the : [ ]I contended with Ahi enemy with pertinacity]. who is unable to accomplish it: (TA:) one who, (A.) ground. (L) , aor.,inf. n. (, when charged rwith,or accused of, a vice, orfault, ( He H,) sobbed: (L:) he became 4. d. ;i , (Q, ],) and t -i (1z,) I or tih like, will scarcely forsahe it. (L.) [See 1) and .;, choked Ukith eeping, without raising, or proma(le it to stick fast in it, (S,) so that it would an explanation of a verse cited voce c.] _ ,,ot pau through. (1.)._ ,:I lie (a fowler lonffging, his roie therein: (., X:) he nept like i a proper name of Tlee wo: (1.) Imperor the like) had game caughlt, or entangled, in fectly declinable. (TA.) a chlild when he is beaten, wemn h Ais wping does not find gress, but is reciprocated in his clest: his mare, or net. (., 15.) - IIe (a hawk) :ij : see :, and ai. fixred lis talons into his prey. (TA.) -_ (A'Obeyd:) he became choked with weeping, on :. 1 an occasion of f'ight, or fear. (T.)_ ntees , '1,t i. q. l, The wind mas violent, and Ib-erg-hd]e ! 'tw A maker of arronJs.ple (].) See (S,) or Irove along tihe duw and pebbles. -- .:;, inf£ n. , ( ;) tfe (an (K.) .1t coil. gen. n., Arrows: syn... , (S,) or ass) made lis i voice to reciprocate (., .K) in his 5. ..,.J1 .1yJl ; Tlhe thorns caught in, J.: (5:) n. un. with i: ($, g:) pl .. ,Lii chest: (S:) he brayed, (A'Obeyd,) on an occasion or to, or laid hold upon, the garment. (Mob, ,iIt (a cooking(TA:) from _ i "it stuck fast" in a thing. offright, orfear. (TA.).. ' Nrt. ;,i .) _ i_ t [Love of her pot, and a skin, $, K, and a jar, or earthen pot, (Mob.) took fast hold upon, or becamefied in, his heeart]. 8) made a guryling noise by the motion of its (A.) _ See 1. hM ;Stiching fast in a thing. (M9 b.)_ contents, as in boiling. (S, .) _ , (aor. Possessing arronws. (S, K.) A word of the 6. ~Ja. 10;i They dren themelvstw together, , inf. n. TA.) He (a singer) made 'a flea ring one to another, around him. (l4,TA.) same kind as p, and -t: (Mob:) after the distinction, or an interval, (ji,) between two 8. See 1. - Also, He collected fire-wood. manner of a relative noun; having no cor- sounds, and prolonged [tl samne]. (1L.) _ responding verb from whlich to be formed. (TA.) ( i.) _- 1 .i *. 1 He collected toyether corn, i4c,rt [A peope, orparty, possessing arrowo]. t lt(a frog) made a reciprocatingcroakiny. (g.) and made fop.r imuef property (-,.) threof. .aJsl J S The stab made a [gurgling] sound within, (.) on the coming forth of the blood. (S.) Also, 4~i' ;j, (TA,) and tl, (i,) A people shooting, or avho shoot, arrow. (g, TA.) (TA.)_ .. aor.-,inf. n. Ir, ic, or it, ; (.8, .1) and t f i and t 1A.. Moreable _ )IJ It uttered, '"U or The mnade, pulley a that sound, sticks or nois. (L.) fast, or and immoveable property; syn. jl and ;U: will not run. A poet says, (A'Obeyd, L8, Mb :) or the latter only: (Myb:) A. A channel in which water lows: pL 1. 1 6.1s- a0'. . a or fixed nproperty,' conisting of animate and in- 0 0 · Oi G · 40' animate thinps; [or lie stock and land fc.; ;. . A .weeping that reciprocates in the or land 4c. roith its live stock;] lit. vocal and throat, with sobbing. (L.) mute, jdi and ,,.~G : (I :) or "; is a [And those, the ons of 'Adee, fell 1 short of what term mostly applied to immoveable property, sueh The channel of a torrent: pl. tli. (L.) they should do, or delayed: atnd Ivonder at the aJ house and land; whereaa JL. is a term mostly pulley that sticks fast, and rill not run!] He applied to moveable property, such as silver and compares them, in their holding back from gold coin, &c.: but this latter term is sometimes aiding them, [see art. .JI,] to the pulley that will applied to all that a man possesses; and some1. aor. :, in. n. .ej and He not run. So explained by IA;r, and the L. In times especially, or particularly, to camels. (TA.) drank a little, (L,) less than tvkhat would satijfy the 15 explained imperfectly. (TA.) See also 8. [You say,] :; ; him: (S, L, g :) or, contr., he drank until he 1 A place whence one cannot extricate wva. full: (L, g :) au also .J -- > *;.1 L; [Ye have (good) lineage; but (L.) _ ye have not jied property: ye are nothing but himelf. Ex. "g. %j-,'Se fell into an He gave his camel a little water to drink: logs of sood]. (A, and in a MS. copy of the ]K: evil, or a misfortune, from thich he could not (L:) he watered horses so as to allay the the C!g, with the pron. of the third pers., and deliver, or extricate himself (A, J5.) mence of their thirst. (T, L, g5.) without delay]. (A) i ._ t Wara#ah delayed not to die; [died withou delay, or immediately;] lit., did not cling tx anything elme. Occurring in a trad. (IAth.) _ _ ,*1 · :j Tihe thing was incumbent upon him, :

JI G like : 1 L with uJ in place of the latter Le.) A[i [An instrumentby which a thing is made certain I did not caseayingit. (A.).1tree, of which bonwe are made, (15,) on . to catch, or stick fat: pl. ,;']. [Hence,] tlj J3i H re did not dday to do o; [Ahe did sJ of the trees of the desert. (TA.)


t i., 1 l %6

.e ,









BOOK I.] 8: see 1.


is said to be originally ;l.A, an which Jljx : see 6,1.& inf. n. put in the place of the verb, or o lOtIJ .je Eleration of tie voice: (L, ]:) or tihe C ,i A little water. (S, F.) Abu-n-Nejm is a phrase of unpremeditated formation, like Poetry recited ($, A, L, itself. (L) _ voice says, describing asses, and uJl 5.J,; or this phrase, which iIl J~)" people, one to anothe, ; (S, A, L,. :) Mosb, K) by occurs in a trad., may be incorrectly transmitted, ; and should perhaps be aUIl jJ.i. : (lAth, L : as also · ;il: (1:) pl. of *he former, (S, L,) meaning Until, lwhen they had taken into or 0.3 signifies he him ad.Ul .lJO. (TA;) and of the latter, tAi. (A, .) signifies a their bellies a little water: or t., A,jl, [I conjure thee, or adjure thee, by God ,t;I [act. part. n. of -.. ] in the following verse drink less than sufices to satify. (L.) and relationship; &c.]: (Lth, T, L:) I beg, of Aboo-Du-ad, or beseech, thee by God, and by relation.S . I I.. --..Lo.., UL. i lie ship, raising my voice. (L.) (;, Ig, &c.,) aor. ', (S, Msb. &cc.,) remembered God. (S, L.) - lie knew, or 1. ':, inf. n. J; (L, Msb, J.) and S,.j; and JILd, 'nas acquainted Nith, a person. (L, K.) [And she listens sometimes like as he who has lost O0, aor. L, He reminded him of his com(S, M, L, K.,) or these two are simple substs., ,. a beast gives ear to the voice of a .LU], signifies (M?ib,) Hle raisedhis voice in seeking for, or after, pact, covenant, engagement, or promise. (iMgh.) a man making kownm, or giving information of, a a stray-beast, or beast that had been lost; he t le desired and stray-beast: or, as some say, one seeking for, or o.erU, a\dl and 3. called out and inquired respecting it; he cried it: after, a stlray-beast; for he who has lost a beast (L:) or he soughtfor, or after, it: (Lh, A'Obeyd, ashed of him the thing. (L.) - See 1. desires to find one who, like himself, has lost one, $, M, L, Msb, . :) and [in like manner] t o.l 4. ;l.I1, and AJ ,C.l, tHe answered him; that lie may be consoled thercby. (S, M, L.) See he asled,or desired, to be directedto it. (M, L, K.) gave him his assent, or consent, to that nwhich he art. t AfMen nho seek after stray-- Also, He made known, or gave information aslted, begged, or besought. The I in this case is camels, and take them, and confine tlem from of, a stray-beast, or beast that had been lost; .l ..l: as though tlle verb meant he their owner& (L.) (Lh., A'Obeyd, M, L, Msb 1 ;) and so V ;l: called


to cease. (Lii, S, M, IKtt, L, Msb, ] :) thus the latter caused his raising of his voice (oy .~Ljl: see ,t. verb [as well as the former] bears two contr. (L.) See also 6: and 1.- _ .Jl, (inf. n. I Poetry recitedby people, one to another. :.AZ -_ siglificatiolls. (,M, g.) See also :.l. ;:L, A, Msb,) : lle recited poetry; (S,' A, L, (S, L, .) le lt sought, sought for or after, or desired, a Mb,'.K ;) proplerly, [he chanted it,] n ith a high thing. (L) - 6o-; t He ashced, beggred, or be- voice; (L;) for the reciter [usually] raises lhis soughAt, him. (L.)- _ - t lle ntas asked, voice in reciting: (A:) he raised it in fame; as
1. /, (S, A, Msb,) aor. L, (S, TA,) inf. n.

begged, or besought. (S, L.)

lle recited to W-l ;j. (L.)_- Oa l t [lle cited, or (S, A.) his poe,ttl. (see ,ne ;o~, (aor. ', L,) inf. n. 6.x5; [and o,: (The lexicons, &c., inf. n. quoted, a verse, or verses. (L;) and t ot, lbciow)] and Oljj; s l I He satirized them. (L, passim.)] -_. and ul ;>j:; (M, L, K;) t lie adjured . .l t lie gave. (S, L.) Scee 6. K.) I /le adjured him. (M,* L," K.) -_ l, ;i; IIIe sought to Iear,n nen,s (A, .I l 5. ."9J him by God; (L, K ;*) accord. to niost of the grammarians and lexicologists, wvith a l) nwithout othetrs knon'ing the same. (A.)

See 6: nnd 4.


L.,, (S, A, Mob, K,) He spread, spread otut, or

open, expanded, or unfolded, (S, TA,) a garment or piece of cloth (A, Msb, TA) or the like, (TA,) goods, &c;, ($,) and a writing; (A;) contr. of ' (K, gji.; (A, K;) as also t*J,inf. n.TA:) [or the latter is with teshdeed to denote muchness, or frequency, or repetition, of the action, or its application to many objccts, as is shown by o;, desire of conciliating him. (MF.) J I They recited [poetry] one to an- an explanation of its act. part. n., which see 6. I3.s I He said to him other. (L, Mob, K.) - El-ApshA, in the fbl- below. Hence j T ,) idf;n.a. , T, 'nor. Wii: see art. i-.] - [He .. spread out, or, as we say, npriciled up, his ears: i{i, ~.;5, (.8, L, Jg,) wllich signifies I conjure, lowing verse,

bey, or beseech, thee by/ God; (S, A, Mglh, L,

. .


, .



MIsb, K;) as though thou remnindc'ist him of G3od, 3 JXl, and lie rlemembered; (S, L;) as also l
onld ^ID, (L,) and ait * IdL;, (A, Mgh, l,)

**n 44J5h)eJBS


1x:I3, w 1 Gji '9



.;, lit., and hence the saying,] i.'I ~ t lJ. He spread out his ears at that thing: meaning, the was coretous of that thling, or eagerfor it.
(Hlar. p. 206.) [See .U~, below.] -_, i.JI i,

and 4I : (Mghl, L, Myh :) originally, I conjure thee b.q God, raising my voice: (Et-Towshee. :) or it signifies I remind thee of God, conjuring; and o,riginally, I beseech of thee by God; the thing fo,r which one conjures being preceded by gave: x, . is here for ,.S, meaning f or by an (S, i.) 1 or what is syn. therewitll, [as .J1,] interrogative or imperative or prohibitive: (MP:) 10. ff:lJ ::,L;l (S, A,* L, K,) He asked or it signifies I remind thee of God, desiring to or deitecd him to recite the poetry. (J.) (Msb :) or conciliate thee; as also .U9 'o2.: o.Lij and t o:j Search for, or after, a ±Jiand · 11l"j;V., inf. n. O;j and stray-beast. See also 1. (Msb.) Also, A making signifies I adjure thee by God; as also ? l; - !l knowvn, or informing respecting, a stray beast. See X 4 l; (1M, L,) or this latter is erroneous: (Mgh, also 1. (Msb.) oj A voice; a cry; a L:) and so signifies ZUil .i.; (M, L, .;) in sound. (]g.)

[Mly lord is generoum; he does not sully afavour: anl twhen he is asked, or begged, or besought, in papers, ie gives], means, accord. to AO, that EnNoamfin Ibn-El-Mundhir, when asked, or begged, or besought, to write grants to poets (;l),

,) aor. ' and :, (S, I.e ) inf. n..j:, (],) (8, A (, SHe spread, or publilhed, the news. (., A, K.) _ Also :J;, aor. ', (Mqb,) inf. n. i; (Mhb, or this is with teshdeed for the K;) [and t:., purpose mentioned above;] lie scattered, or dispersed, (Meb, lg, TA,) [people, &c.; or] sheep or goats, (Myb, TA,) and camels, (TA,) after confining them in tlhe nightly resting-l,lace. (M,b.)

_ He spnkhled water. (A.)_




mind blew in a misty or cloudy day [so as to dis., perse the mist or clouls]. (IAar, .K.) -(A, IK,) inf. n...; (A;) and ; t. j, (A, L, TA,) inf. n. _';;; (S, A, L, TA;) and in like manner



(S, TA;) t He charmed away

2794 2794(oKI from Aim sickness, (.,*A, L, 1,*) and diabolical

[Boos I.
2: see 1, in five places,throughout the former 10. ,,1
that he should unfold (

halfof the paragraph. posession, or mtadness, (L, l,) by a ;' , i.e., spread, o noldd, ith a charm, or an amnulet; (., A, L, ;) as though .. 3. vow1#.pZ [e (A.) [He spread, orunfoldedl,ittl thiing]. he disperwd it from Aim: (A:) and in like himthe garments or picess fclotkl. (A.) L used in the sense of an act. part. n.: see U. manner t; _ he wrote for him a ;'J. (S.) in the sense of a pass.or quasi-pass. part. A,cd a.4: sec 1, after the middle of the paragph. .J ...... . says, i 'hA 1 IR-Kilabee ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~::ae ,.: see ij. - A sweet odour: (S, A, J:) [be5: see 8, in two places. ; : (And when he who is smitten by the evil 4t cause it sl)reads :] or odour in a more general . ,..3l I.W [hley.pread, o unfoled, one sense; (A, K ;) i.e., absolutely, nhtether sweet or Is as though he were heJ, hc ejyeis c/harmed by a of cloth]. (A.) stibkiny: (A'Obeyd :) or the odour of a ioman's another, thegarments, or piecet nith of the eye] [the effect i.e., it loosed from a bond]: deparus from him speedily. (,R [in two copies of mouth, (A1)k, A, K,) and of her nose, (ADI, 8.. = [quasi-pass. of 1,] It pread, exlantded, TA,) and of her ar)-:its (j.Una), after sleep. , as above; but in the TA, ':]) whichl Ifind ,. or unfolled; it became spread, expanded, or us; , *, ' , ~ s jo, .-' itit is said, And in a trad. And (IK :) [or the latter, heing (ADk, A, i.) = Sli,,rmg, orpasturage,nwhich folded; as also f~5: in said, a trad. is has dried up anl then become green in consequence l . S Ie charmed away the effect of enchantmentfrom quasi-pass. of 2, denotes muchiress, &c.] of rain in the end of siumner or spring (see below, Thim [by the words" Say I seek rfoge in the Lord "'~' .d 1 Thebranches of tihpalmntree .spreadforth. and see J..2,): (8q, ] :) it is badfor the pasturing .. , of men:" the commencement of the last chap. of (.K) [And jL ")I ~., ;I Tlhe branchess,lrcad

lie demanded, or desired, of him Or) to him (.&) [a

El-Kilibe "I .A

say, splaes



the gur-Ani].

(;.) --

:, (El-.Haan, Zj,A, K.)

sor. ', (TA,)inf. n.


forth: and the branithe stragyled.] __. The newsspread, orbecamepublished,(, ;(K, TA;) or




animals rwhetn it first appears, and men fie from K,) it wvith thei' camels :c.; (S, TA;) wrhich it I

*; (lAb, Fr, S, A, Mgh, Msb ;) or hothi;


people. (A.) amongthe

And Oi,.il

l[ . A, &c.) raised the dead S (God, ;, (A, k(;) Lie : 1 ite] remarks on a verse cited in art. , , voce J t [T odour rad, or d.ed to life; quickened them; revivified, or revivedl, them. (Zj, ., A, Mgh, Msh, ~, &c.) I'Ab reads (gC in art. t,; &c.) - _ vJI .:.:.1 t The day and see another verse in art. .,r'., voce ,.1:] [1row ,z ,il l becamne long a,td ertended: (K :) and so one says A.In says, that it does not injure animals with tithe [in the ]ur, ii. 261,] ltp:i' I.b solidl hoof; or if it do so, they leave it until it dries, :.;i t The raisethem to life], and adduces in his favour the of otiher things. (TA.) _- ,. and then its evil quality departsfrom it: it consists ' s inews, or tetdons, became inflated, or swollen, (I,) I-' words [in the Kur. lxxx. 22,] Vs¶ (f leguminous plants and of [the hlerbage termed] is a state of to bylY reason offatigue: (TA:) ;I. hzis, rai'-h hint to,il. Hec when lIcl li[7'1n, mitn raiseth e plaseth, pweuse.t, R~e 17`hen,'* ; or, as some say, of the latteronly: (TA:) or ten(lons, swelling, in the sinews, S: or | others read read inflation, : [and othiers reads % E-aan readIs life]: El-~[ssan , asof [an ex. of the word is cited in art. .. ,o voce edlddbjftje abat j.:[a,,d life]: a beast, occaxioned by fatiyue: (S:) AO says, :] or hlerbas, or pasturage, of n,hirh the thiat El-.asan that the sinew, or tendon; nwhich becomtes i,flated, t I ", withs zhy:] bu Fr says, 7,irt dries up and the lower part is mnoist upper holds it to refer to unfolding and folding, and or snwollen, is the (S, TA,) and that what _ a - '.. and green: (Lthi :) or herbage Iroduced by tlhe tlat the proper way is to use j.:l [in this setnse,] 1_ it;sinmilar to this affection, | ~~~~~is termned j"11 * r t b he rain called .jJI:(A:) and nwhat Ias comeforth, nt bi si l is transitively, and ,..J intransitively. (S, TA.) excepting in its not being so well endured by the of plants, or herbage. (TA.) ~ Life. (.K.) which has the ontr. mealing.] horse: by anothier, or others, it is maid, that jt; [See also qJJ, wiith of the sinews, or tendons, of a beast, in his fore ll tj.:l: i.q. j`l, Hence, .IJI ; is of the measure .i in the sense of the z·y: (Mb :) or The hsukiagntrengthenedthe bone. leg, is a breaking, and conLequent disldacement, of measurc J#., (Matl, TA,) syn. with LP, a,.oo · ·.. P... , (;, A, Mrh, K,) aor. ', (S,) int n.i those sinews. (TA.) _ o;S .; t His penis (Mgh.) (Mgh,) and syn. l., is with like as , .1 ;i ;~; (q, A, Msh, TA) and;S, (Myh,) agreeably became erect. (TA.) [And hence,] with .±.~, ($, Mb, .K,) [thlerefore signifying .) with what Fr says, (S,) signtifies He (a dead The man beoame excited by lust. (S, S;pread, expanded, or .nJtilded : scattered, or disperson) lived after death; came to life again; i_,JI ,=t [In my copy of the A,:':', but thlis and slryading, or beinag spread, &c.: persedl, e&c.: revived; (S, TA;) or lived; came to life; (A, I regard as a mistranscription,] The water became being soattered, &c.:] and a thing that one has (A :) [or the latter abh;) n: *t (A.) Hece as also spread. expanded, or u!folled: &c. (0, voce 1 yj. ;, (TA,) signifies it became much sprinkled.] + The day If resurrection. (.6) k- q.v.)You say J..j , .' U inf. n. :i, (1~, TA,) It (herhage, or pasturage,) jd,J)I They became scattered, or dispersed, or they The hafwk, or falcon, became clad in spreading became g~en it consequence of rain in fhe end !'·scattered, or dispersed, themselves, in the land, or and lon feathers. (S, TA.) - And hence l,(Mab, TA,)and&.*, sum,ner oafer it had dried up. (TA.) - tIt (a earth. (A.) _.,l..4 ,, is applied to People in a scattered, or dixpersed, jlArut) began to grotrforth in the ground. (K,o (}, TA,) The shwep or goats [and the camels]

afferts with the [disease ralled] .t, Wnthen they pasture upon it at its first appearance: [see


state, not collected unider one head, or chief; C t H onw good is its became scattered, or dispersed, after hIacing been ~ TA.) You may, l (1:) anid to sheep or (Msb, K;) as also *:: first gromth! (TA.) - t It (a tree) put forth confined in their nightly resting-place: (Msb:) or goats in a scattered, or dispersed, state, after

it leaves. (.) - t It (foliage) sPnead. (L.) the sheep or goats (TA) and the camels (., TA) having been confined in their nightly resting-place: 9 Ztl;p.,: (,5, A, ]g,) &or. , (TA,) inf. n. became scattered, or dispersed, through negligence -_ (Mb :) or shteep or goats, and camels, in a scat51 t The tered, or dispersed, state, throujh the negligence of '1 T'he land being rained upom in the of thei, pastor. (1, TA.). ;.Z;, (g$,) 1 end of summer, its herbage, or pasturage, became state of things, or affairs, became dissolved, broken their pastor. (TA.) You say, ; ,1; I up, decomposed, diwranzdoru ttd;s. qre, n after it had dried up: ($, TA:) or the land up, decomposed, diorganized, or unsettled; syn. r the peopie in a scattered, or dispersed, state. mm.) _ See also 1, latter ($.) And :J ; a. T/e people came in. a (TA, art. . ut,orth l thc rain clled beig by watered C.,,, puSfort part of the paragraph. ._... l also signifies He ,~ated by the rain c alled ~being or dispersed, state. (TA.) - Hence (S, A, put himself in ,notion, and ment on a journey. scattered, its lerbage. (A, 1.) See :;. m', Whiat VJ is slprinkled, of water, (Mgh, 1y also, .~. lThe l ) . :SJ [lie sawed (TA, in art. j-.- __.. (I,): iI, ' ,or. , (8,) inf. n. Mhb,) TA,) in the performance of the ablution termed woolf,m.nade an incursion among the sheep or goats. .;;,jl. (TA.) It is said in a trad.,j. n O, d (S, ( I) , or wood;] he cut ( L.~i, (TA in art. (, A, Mb.) A, M}b, 1],) Vcith a 1

BooK I.]
t.jl [Dost thou posses nwhat is sprinhledof water ?] objective complement [of

2795 and aJ- - [It rose; roefrom its plare; wras, or became, j are nearly alike; (B(! ;) and the fourth is hiyh or elevated, protuberant er prominert; it '. ,. l'it soul, or spirit; o protruded.] -_ .,, extr., (IJ, I,) and is said to mean t' i ; by reason of fright. (A, I,) heaved, stomach, or [which is virtually the same as the third]: [Zj, (A, TA.) = Hence, from ji in the first of the 4 ', (TA,) . :) another reading is , pl. of '. sigs', senses explained above, (Msb,) or from j or of;,'; (TA, in art.. ;) or ,.., (B.1, Jel,) nifying " li,gh, or elevated, ground," (Aboo-Isa contraction of l~., (Bd,)' pi. of *-e (Bdl, (S, i,) or t jj 1is y; , hbk, TA,) ioJ.l ;j, Jel.) - ;,.U ,;j I Land having herbage, or , (Msb,) and I.-r, (A, Mgh, TA,) or Yij &, (TA,) aor. - and :, inf. n. ,L, (S, Msb, K,) The n.omnan, or nwife, wns, or became, disobedient
to her husband, (S, Mgh, M9b, K,) and exalted

], for j;!

[Wlho posisesseth nrhat . (S;) or ,Jl is sprinkled of water?] (Mgh;) [app. meaning, that it is gone and cannot be recovered.] - And .. t 0 God, compose what a l$1 hence, .~
is discomposed, or disorganized, of mr/ afairs:

(g,* TA:) a phrase like t .J. (TA.) 'Aisheh says, in a trad., describing her fathler, sj, meaning, t And he pasturage, which has dried ulp anil then berome 1c ~s 1 Ll *>.

restorec n,hat was di.icomposed, or disorganized, green in conrequenceqf rain in the end oqf summer : [lit., what was unfoulded,] of E.l-Isldm, to its (S:) or having herbage produced by the rain state in vwhich it iwas in the time of the Apostle of called C9 . (A.) Seepj. God, [lit.. to its fold, or plait;] alluding to cases of apostacy, and her fatler's sufficievncy to treat t Thle place of resurrection. (TA.) ,JI them. (TA.) - See also`,U. [Scattered, or mtuch scattered, ijt] is with teshdced to denote ; t A. charm, or an amulet, (i., S, L, K,) nwritingsy or the by tc.hich a sick persots, and one poesex.ed, or mad, muchneliss, or frequency, or repetition, of the is cured; (A,* L, K ;) by nhich the mnladly is action, or its alpplication to mainy objects. [as it were] dispersedfrom him. (L.) (s, TA.) mad, being asked respecting that whichl is thus ;U,;a [A sany ;] a certain instrument for termed, answered, that it is of the work of the

herself ogainst him, (TA,) and resisted him, or iwithstood him, (Mob,) and hated him, (S, Mgli,
.,) and deserted him: (TA :) or she disliked him, or hated him, (Zj, MghI, TA,) and nwas an eril companion to him. .kl, (Zj, TA.) And ~ j2. (S, A, 1~,) or t.o,
aor. - and -, (Msb,)

int n. jgz , (TA,) 1 Ier husband treated her inju-iou.sly, and was unkind to her, or estranged hi,s.,cf .ronm her: (S, 1:) or forsook her, and

was unkind to her, or estranyed hi,imril' her: devil: and EI-Hasan asserted it to he a kinud of cutting wood. (S, Msb, K.) - Also, [but less (Msbl:) or dislihked her, or hatcd her, (Zj, MIgh, commonly], A wuoden imn,plement with pronyS, enclhantmnert. (TA.) (Zj, [lit., fingers,] with vwhich wheat and the lliec are TA,) and nas an evil companeion to her. TA.) i: see .W. winnowed. (I.)


! [San,-dust ;] nhat falls fromt thej~'

[orsaw]; (S;) what falls injL [or san,ing]. (I)

act. part. n. of





4. · ji2l lie raised it, (A, Msb, K,) namely, What is not sealed, [here meaning not ' ; 11 a iplace, (Mgb,) or a thing, (li,) from its place. closed with a seal,] of the writings of the Sultn [or lie [God] of a vice.roy]; (K ;) i. e., nwhat is non commtonly (A, K.) _- [Hence,] ; IlU j places, and dead to their the bones of the raised ... (TA.) known by the name of Loj.: pl. ;

l "I sprreading, - t A nman whose state of affairs is disorganised, l.e (Mohammad) used to say.. ° .Jl /'ij' (S, K.) So in the Kur, [ii. 261,1] '1 or unfolding, his./fingers: said to mean not making or di.sordered. (KC.) A, ~j; [And luool thou at .J la2 l±U s1.' (Mgh.o) _ his hand a clenchedft.
[lie ca7n,e spreading, or, as we say, prickhin up, he came in a state oJ his ears: mleaning,] (1Aar, L.) [In a tcoeto,s,ie.*, or eogerne.s. copy of thle A, tal

set them, or put them together, one upon another.

the bones (of thine ass), how we raise thenm to thtir places, &c., then we clothe them n'ith /lesh], accord.

1. j;,

nor. ' and , (S, Msb, K,,) isif. n.

, to the reading of Zeyd Ibn-Tlihbit; (Fr, S,* TA ;)

is erroneously put for


!' 0'


in the ]Kur., [lxxvii. 3,] sig-

nifies And the angels, (TA,) or the rinds, (Jel,) that do sraltter the raint: (Jel, TA :) or the winds
,aint. that do


And Vj,



si,gnifies IWind that place: (TA:) or he stood ulp aftJer sittiog. (TA.) Both friuns of the aor. occar, accord. to different and '> . A high, or an elerated, place; spreads [thc clouds], or scatters [the rain]; (; readings, (thie formiecr being the reading of the ($, A. bMghi, (S, 1 :) or high, ;) as also tjt.: bein,,g sy,. with; an,d lid, vii. ;5;;) ; people of El-Hijlz, anid the latter that of othiers, or elevated, ground: (Zj, TA:) or high, or ele(Bd:) or it signifies in a scattieredstate. (Jel. i 1)1 vated, and hard,ground: (M, TA:) or what rises Fr, TA,) in the Kur, [lviii. 12,] I,j,l ; &l . vii. 55.) [it, the ]ur, ubi supra,] C which the pl. is : a2 *t!, S.j.

(s, K,) or ;1e, (Me,) ie, or rai.,l hino- hut thle Koofees rend with ra: the r.] se., (S, A, MsI, K,) Cj,4J1 5 in thc place, (S,) former readingt, hlowever, accord. to Tl, is prealso, _ Ience l.] 1o in his ;itting-p,lace, (TA,) and terreed. (TA.) [See art. and ,~. U5tl _..i TThe sucking of the breast > , (MoI,)fro.'m Id. (A,) or 6.~Olo. ', infcreased, or atymented, the bone: as also a4.I, place: (A, Msb:) or he rose a little in his sittingwith ra. (Msb.)

lb±Jt,anid !p., and t ,.t, aind the winds, &c.,] (K,* TA,) all

lij,JU, (M,b, TA,) meaning, accord. to Aboo- from a valley to the [adjacent] ground, and is
Is-.ak, And when it is said, Rise ye and stand not rugged: (TA:) pl. (of the first, ?, Myb)

up, then do ye rise and .tand up. (TA.) Accord. ji, (S, Mgh, Msb, 1C,) and (of the second, S, these being various reading,s, (TA,) 51 is pl. of to,, . .aJI.signifies The people TA, or of the first, Msb) 5L:., ([, Mab, K,) and ; , (Bd,, K,) in the sense of ".'G; (Bd;) or drew theenrtires together [in their sitting-plare to (of the second, ?, Meb,) jLJ. (S, Mghi, Mob,
[Sendethl the meaninug is, in a state of dispersion the make room] for those sitting withl themn: and also .C.) You say, -, -? oJ . ., andS, rain; (Jel;) aid l is a contraction; (Bd!, K;) they rose from their sitting-place, and stood up. [lie sat upon a high pi.e of ground.] (M.b.) and the tlir'd reuding means : qnichenin, or (TA.) You say also, 4a . ,iJ; ; And jtil 'i. .2,J Sit thou upon that high mahing to live, bg spreading the clouds nherein is .j~, lie rose wvith the ipeopIle finr the place. (S.) in£ D. the rain, (.K,) which is the life of everything, purpo of contention, altercation, or litigation.

being an inf. n. us.'d as a denotative (TA.) - He, or it, overtopl/Md, or orerlooked, an or as an absolute of state, in the sense of z.I, relevated piece of ground, and appeared. ('TA.) (TA,) 9 I

2796 Risintg; or risingfrom its place; high, or or disquietudes of mind, becanme such as to lead me elevated; protuberant,or prominent; protruding. forth to the place.s to which one goes forth, to Syria at one time, and at one time to Wdsit]. (K,. TA.) You say, ,.CJJ A heart rising a Jl I L (S.) You say also of a road, from its place by reason of fright. (K, TA.) rom the main road, to the And lj Jj A high, or an elevated, mound, or .~i 9 ItIt goes forthf right, and to the left. (Lth, K.*) And .:k.i hill: pi. [reg. of &U and irreg. of .] .

[BooK I. TA:) he loosed, untiedl, or undid, a knot by a singlepull. (TA.) of the camel. (TA.) Yousayalso, And dJ. . -l ;.L l He loosed, untied, or undid, the Jlb.Jil [of the Jlis] *.jl la;l (Msb.) He loosed the camel from his Jlst.

[And hellce the saying,] Jt b . L'i LiL As P,; t [A road led them forth, and they USti (TA.) And ~i' , j; A protuberant, high, though hie were loosed [from a bond such as is J~, (S, K,) aor. took it]. (TA.) J, J.1 lpnbes, or mona Veneris. (TA.) And li' i,j A called J1ti]: (S,' Mgh, TA:) a proverb, relating pulled (1j,* TA) and ', (TA,) [inf. n. iJ:,] IIe iece of flesh elevated, or protuberant,upon the , to an event's happening quickly; (Mgh;) or out the bucket, (S, K,) or pulled it up, (TA,) said of' him who commences any work quickly; body. (TA.) And j 1U 3s A vein constantly from the well, (S, TA,) nithout a pulley. (S, and of thi sick when le recovers; and of a person srrollen and pulsating (A, ]*) in consequence of lk.J iWfJI t Th'le who has swooned whou he revives; and of a .) - And hence, l,4l disease (kI, TA) or from some other cause. (TA.) ... . . · J. angels draw forth the souls like as the bucket is person sent to execute an affair, hastening his And a JI*Jli J;j A man having a high, or drawn forth fiom the well: (Zj :) and ,ji i..Lz determination respecting it: (TA:) it is often prominent, forehead. (TA.) And j~/i 0!0, related in a different manner, JUcs >. LjA tL.; (Fr, L, lg [in the CK 4-;]) · e ..J ,iJ..l A n'oman largye in the sides, having the but this is not correct. (IAth, TA.) [But see 5Sia " [or lowest of the ribs] wiith the flesh upon which means, (1K,) accord. to Ibn-'Araffeb, (TA,) above, in this paragraph; and see 1, where a it, prominent. (IAar, TA.) _ Also, (A, TA,) t they loose the soul of the believer gently. (.K,similar meaning is assigned to the unaugmented TA.) - [Hence also,] one says of a she-camel, or ;j.t, (Mgh,) [but the former is the more [likening the motion of her fore legs to that of the verb.] ~ lle bound, or tied, him, or it, firmly, common,] t A woman disobedient to her husband, arms of a man pulling up a bucket from a well fastly, or strongly: so in the copies of the JI; so that, if this be correct, the verb has two contr. (Mg,h, TA,) and exalting herself against him, without a pullely,] -JI ,Ja L; , meaning significations. (TA.) J See also 8 (TA,) and hating him, (Mgh, TA,) and deserting himn. (TA.) See 1. [The former epithet is also t Good was her widle stretching out of her fore 5: see 1, first sentence.,- .; , legs (As, S, TA) in her going along. (TA.) applied in like manner to a husband.] .JI &J.5, (S, MIsl,, K,) nor. ', (K, and so in She (a camel) hastened, or twas quick, in hergoing, a copy of the S,) or -, (Msh, anid so in a copy of or pace. (S, = .K.) r ,JI : ;lie pa.ssed the S,) inlf . 1 , (S, I lsb,). Ie tied the cord, throlt.h, or ocer, the desert, (K, TA,) with sroift1. nor. :, inf. n. bltJ (S, Msb, IK) and or rope so as to fornm a knot; (., TA;) as also ness, and with briskness, litvlinesa, sprpightliness, nL±, i".', (TA,) lle (a man, S, TA, and a beast of ,l~o:, (K,) inf. n. L-;: (TA:) or he tied it or activity. (TA.) And .L'" t le traversed carriate, TA,) nws, or became, brisk, lively, in a knot such as is;ermed bJI; (AZ, S, Mhb;) it quickly, or .snjftly. (IB, in TA, voce .... ) slrightlyt,fridiy, active, agile, prompt, and quick; as also V the latter verb: (Iulm, p. vir :) and And .l - '-' t Slhe (a camel) traversed, or syn. ,(Msb, TA,) and s.l; (Msb;) contr. i.'aIl f he tied the knot so as to form what is cro.ssed, the land, like the tJ-.L in her quickness, or of J'0 ; (TA ;) or plectsed, cheerful, happy, or thus termedl: (Mgi :) anlld Lbi l L1 he tied he,' aiim, with briskness, lieliness, or spr/ightliwilling; to do work, &c.; (Lth, K;) or by reason the knot thus termed. (TA.) [See also 4.] - ne*m. (TA.) of his work; (Msb;) as also t 'l", (S,* ],) ';J, and Jstx 0..i : see 4. . . 8. I. ;I It (a cord., or rope,) became loosed, 13. 4~l Lto ao, or on accounr oj, sunec a uingy, or untied, or undone. (H;lr, p. ri r.) - t le (a 1 2. & , ilf. n. ., lle, or it, rendered him such an afair]. (., TA.) You say also, ^1 maii) berante loo.sed from the tie of silence, (Har, [lie betook himself to him, or it, with briskness, 1 a [i. e. brisk, lively, sprightly,, &c.]; p. r.; Mgh,) and from that of impotenlce. (Mgh liceliness, sprightliness, or the like]. (TA.) (K ;) as also t L;l. (Yaakloob, K.) = See [in which a douht is expressed as to its being of [Hlence, app.,] 41jl '1.. Th1e beast of carriage also 1, last sentence but one, in two places; and classical authority].) = As a trans. v.: see 4, in see 4. two places. - lie pulled, or dretr, a thing. (TA.) became .fat. (..) , nor. a'i -, inf. n. i, lle seized a thing, took it hastily, or snatched (S., K, TA,) He went fof'th from a place: (IK:) 4. -:1, said of a man, (K,' TA,) or of a it unawtares: a mealling wrongtly assigned in the he passed, or crossed, from one country or the like company of men, (S,) llis, or their, beasts, (S, to another: (TA:) said, for instance, of a wild K,) or family, (K,) were, or, became, in a state ,K to Lt .l. (TA.) You sayalso, jtJI i-; l,ull: (AO, IDrd, S, K:) and in like manner, a of bti. [i. e. briskrness, liveliness, sprightline.%s ,.JI, (Sh, K,) and WI1, (Sh,) T¢he camels, or 9 star, [meanilng a planet,] from one sign of the friskiness, &c.: see 1]. (S, K.) = As a trans. v.: shees or goats, pulled up, or out, the herbage, with I zodiac to another. (S, K.) And -l ;., see 2. - [Hence, app.,] It (herbage) rendered a the teeth. (Sh, IK.) - lie scaled a fish; (4;) aor. :, inf. n. .jL, The camels went, either in a beast fat. (S, TA.) = lie loosed, untied, or as though meaninlg he pulled off the scales thereo£ i.ght direction or otherwi.s. (TA.) - [Hence,] undid, (S, Mgli, Msb, K,) a cord, or rope, (S, (TA.)
I . . . .

'tv_.% " .. lJli , (S, TA) t U'riefs, or dis- 19,) or a knot such as is termed ibJ.Al; (MgIh, '; (Mgh ;) and ;I; anld t qutietudes of mind, lead forth himn who has them Msb,) as also t Ja= [,from place to place]. (TA.) IIlimyln Ibn- in like manner, the bond termed J,.; (Msb;) gob/fel says, and so, perIaps, t ;: (IHam, p. vFr:) he pulled a cord, or rope, until, or .so that, it became loosed, untied, or undone; (TA;) as also t IL&;1: '* U.ALA.I±. b i -)t l-s (S, K, TA,) he caused the JU)t to become loosed, -51 , l., i. c., t iy gri,ef untied, or undone, by pulling its ;b1l : (K,* [mC nni.g J .J;

; [app. a pl. of

L. ] Persons untwisting

cords, or ropes, in the time of undoing them for the purpose of their being twisted or plaited a second time. (IAar, K.) at. JU as used in the fo'lowing saying, (Mgh,)

I ._

: iakitJ The right termed



like the loosing of the bond called Jlis, in respect

BooK I.] of the speediness with which it becomes of no effect, (Mgh, Msb,) by delay, (Msb,) is of the measure LiWs from 1.A, or from "iJ in the sense of J.A1; or 'the meaning is, like ties tying of the Jtls; i. e., it is of short duration; but the former explanation is the more apparently right. (Mgh.)

2797 l i (M, TA;) [i.e.] L: signifying "he loosed, untied, or undid," a tervened; syn. knot "by a single pull." (TA.) (Mb :) IAar says, (TA,) ,,JI signi.ll ': ! , [the tracingup, or Jj I fies .7..-- 1) ascribing, or attributing, a tradition, in the manner explained above, to the greatest person of authority, here meaning Morammad, or the author of the tradition]; (IK, TA;) [i. e.] ,.oa 1 I . -. ''I

aJ.4d [A knot tied with a bon, or with a double bow, so as to forrn a kind of slip-kinot; j.'~, whence, in modern vulgar Arabic, i.j applied to a applied to such a tie; and &, simple slip-knot;] a knot, or tie, which easily becomes undone, or untied, like that of the running A ,oellfrom which the bucket does not `j#i , band of a pairof draners; (8, M ghl, ;) a knot, come forth until it is much pulled, (As, S, TA,) or tie, which becomes undone when one of its two by reason of the distance of its bottom; (TA;) ends is pulled. (Msb, TA.) You say, .UIic I. contr. of JLtjIt. (J.) ~:l,~, meaning t Thty love, or affection, is not (S, Mqb, K) Brisk, lively, spriklhtly, active, agile, prompf, and quick; (Mob;) or pleased, cheerful, happyj, or willing; to do work &c.; as also ? iU; (]g;) [see g"f;] applied to a man; (S, TA;) and to a beast of carriage;


1 .,-ell


., *)h;



t He made the thi,a --. ,s :Ji , See also apparent, manifest, plain, or evident; he showed it, exhibited it, manfested it, evinced it, discovered it, or revealed it. (M,' 1.) [The verb seems to be thus used because a thing is rendered con,, spicuous by being raised. See ,~.1 fern. with i: (TA:) pl. b1tJ (, p. 591) [and A place to which ote goes forth: pl. [;" and aor. s ,, above.] - [Hience, b* .:;~]. _- A man (TA) whosefamily, or beasts, 1t.% . See an ex. of the pl., voce .] t He, or it, (generally said of a as above, n. inf. are in a state of ~Jl [i.e. briskness, liveliness, passage in the Kur. or a trad.,) made a state. : see sprightliness, &c.: see 1]; as also t 'li.. (K, ment, or a plain, explicit, unequivocal declaration, TA.) Havin9 much b1 L. [i.e. briskness, liveli- respecting some, or any, particular thing, not L. ness, spr7ightliness,frishine&s, &e.: see 1]. (TA.) capable of application to any other thing: and Jf:ti: see 1i" . - In a verse of Et-Tirimmdl., he mentioned something, or anything, particularly, [:&c. [/Iy tIJj, j6 for or specially; he particularized, or specifled it by 1J-1,] tlU is used [see . See Supplement.] words; very frequently used in these senses: and reason of yearning, or longing, desire]. (K, in 1 such we are to understand from the saying] ,.9' art. js.) - A wild bull goingforthfrom laund to t.: A thing on account of nwhich, or to do which, one is brisk, lively, sprightly, or active; or pleased, cheerful, or haplpy; andi which one likes, (TA.) or prefers, to do: opposed to >..


wreak, orfrail. (S.)

l, (,) or j, ( You also say, 4 (S,) lie ascribed, or attributed, or traced up, the tradition to himn, or to such a one, in the ] (i, .) manner explained above; syn. e/;.

land, (S, 1,) orfromn country to country. (TA.) Hence, (S,) .,I.:tg,l, as used in the Kur, lxxix. 2, meaning The stars [or planets] going forthfrom one sign of tie zodiac to another: (S, I.:) or it means the stars that risc, tlten set: (A'Obeyd, TA:) or the angels that drawc forth the soul. like as the bucket is drawn forth firom the well: (Zj, TA:) or the angels that loose the soul of the believer gently: (Fr,* ]bn-'Arafeh, KR :) or the believing souls that are brisk, lively,, or active, at death: (K,0 TA:) or, as some say, [too fancifully,] the angels that ratify events; from i.o-'l "1;,q. v.; and as this signifies the tying of a knot which is easily undone, the thing's easiness to them is thus notified. (TA.) - t A road goingforthfrom tite main road, to tihe right, and to the left: (Lth, g':) pl. J"lp: (TA:) which latter word is applied in like manner to water-courses (], TA) goingforthfrom the main waterwcourse to the right and left. (TA.) See also ;t1

(S,) aor. ', (Mgh,) inf n. , L i2..J ,, (Mgh, TA,) lie raised the thing; syn. a, [which is here to be understood, like the English equivalent by which I have rendered it, in several senses, as the sequel will show]. (S, Mgh, TA.) This is the primary signification: (TA :) or,

also signifies

5 : ;.




p. Jl: (K:)

W &m [for which I would rather read t if I: adding the obseralso signifies c..eaZI ,.3 1is restricted vation that t,Q 11as syn. witlh , to the relation a special to ~ the in in art. %., ,JI l, is often found L,. law: and that accord. to As, it is a3Wl , q.v. infra. explained as signifying :ia; as, for instance, , 1 or ,,c (M, K,) (s.) You say, ,,Pj in p. r.v of Har.:] these signilications of ,Jil (A, Mgh;) or iL-j t., (M§b,) aor. as above, are tropical, from that word as denoting "eleva(A, Mgh,) and so the inf. n., (Msb,) He, or she, (TA.) See also , "appearance." or the niomen, raised, (A, Msb,) or seated, (1,) tion" and or raised and seated, (Mgh1,) or showed, or dis- below. - [From . signifying "he raised it," consequently "he made it apparent," are played, (M,) the bridle upon the ; , (M, A, and derived several othler significations, hlere following.] Mab, k~,) or upon the a... (Mgh.) And l ,] occurs in a __.4n.a, rapp. for ._,' The doe-antelope raised, or aeil .l. a. trad. respecting Heraclius, meaninig t ie clicits, i ,a elevated, her neck. (M, TA.) And and makes apparent, their opinion: (TA:) or I~, t Such a one was set up as a lord, or chief. above, (M,)
p Jg.j; .$, (S, M, &c.,). inf. n. as

t, (1p, and so in a copy of the S, as on the authority of As, but in another copy of the (K, S the I is without any vowel,) and,W1J., and, accord. to the TA, on the authority of As, and mentioned by I B on the authority of A'Obeyd,) A well of little depth, from which the bucket comesforth by means of a single pull: (Aq, X, 15 :) the latter mav be defended on the ground ji] as originally an inf. n., of of considering

(M, .,) inf. n. as signifiesI /h went to the utmost point in questionabove, (M,) He put the furniture, or goods, or ing, or asking, the man respecting a thing, (~, K,) utensils, one upon another. (M, 1.) Hence, so as to elicit what he possessed [of informatioa respecting it]; (S ;) i.e. (TA) a he importuned (TA,) , .1 , , (M, Myb, TA,) or l the man in questioning, or asking, and urged him at.o, (A,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (M, Mob, .. to tell tlte utmost that he knew; (A, TA;) or the TA,) t He traced up, or ascribed, or attributed, questioned, or as/ed, the man re.tpecting a thiny the tradition to the author thereof, resting it on so as to elicit the utmost that he possessed [of inhis authority, by mentioning him, or mentioning, formation respecting it], (M.) [See also 3.] uninterruptedly, in ascending order, the persons _ [In like manner you say,] '1il. by whom it had been handed dowvn, up to the author; or mentioning the person who had related Mghl, ]~,) and 4IJI, (M, Msb,) nor. as above, it to him fi-nom the author, if only one person in- (M,) and. so the inf. n., (S, M,) He made the (A, TA.) And l,JIl ,,


[Boox I. 1 she-oamel, and the beast, to exert herself to the ,.] You say also, I t, (M, ,) so in the conventional language of the lawyers .full, or to the utmost, or beyond measure, in going, or L Lsa . ;, (A,) The bride became and the scholastic theologians: (MF, on the or pace; or to go the pace termed t .o; syln. raised, (A,) or seated, (J,) or shonwn or displayed, ";a ' of thie I :) or a statute, or an ordinance, (.a+ : (M, Mgh:) or he elicited her (M,) upon the i;.. (M, A, V.) ~ He (a Utmost ?pace; ([I, TA;) from ..:Jt as signifying man, TA) drewr himsef togethter; contracted himi lai; v .eJI necessarily for the phrase Z; self; or shrank. (Ibn-Abbad, J, TA.) implies the eliciting the utmost of her celerity of R. Q. 1. ( M, g,) inf. n. ;. , (Sh, pace: (TA:) or he went a velerment pace so as or'it, became in motion, or in a state of M,) le, to elicit the utmost that she possessed [of celerity]: (Ay, :) or he 7put her in motion so as to elicit commotion; became agitated, stirred, or shiaken; ler utmost pace: (A'Obeyd, TA:) or he urged, moved, or moved about,; bestirredhimself or itself;


indicated by the manifest or plain mceaning of

nwords of tile

.ur-in, and of the Sunneh: from

,,aJI as denoting "elevation " and " appearance:" or, as some say, from _; as signifying "he elicited, and made apparent, his opinion." (TA.) Hience, also, as used by the practical lawyers, it signifies I An evidence, or a rroof: (TA:) [and particularly a text of tc .Kur-adn, or of the Sunneh,

or incited, ler, and elicited her pace: (Mqb:) shook. (Sh.)
being erect.

i, alone, also occurs in a trad., (M, Meb,) as camne in a state of commotion, in rising fromn the sig- ground. (M.) - [Also,] said of a camel, it is meaning J-i p;: (M:) and i; * _ nifies the same as i (1K!t, TA.) You do like m.$a..; (S;) i.e., it signifies (TA) He Inot say of a camel ,S, making him the agent, (the camel) Jixed, or made Jirm or steady, his and the verb intrans. (0,' TA.) [In the M, knees upon the ground, and put himself in mntition,

He (a man) s/ook in his walk, used as an authority in an argument,for profof (M.) lie (a camel) shook, or be- an a.tertion.] The pl. [in all these senses] is ,.o~a. (Msb.)

[Also, tThe text, or very

words, of an author, book, writing, or passage: frequently used in this sense.] ~ Hardness, difliculty, or straitness. of an affair, or a state, or case. (M, TA.) , and (9, ) A A,
rehement pace, in which a beast is made to exert itself to the full, or to the utmost, or beyond meiasure; or in nhich the utmost posible celerity is elicited; [this meaning seems to be indicated, though not expressed, in the ;] syn. M2j j.:

or in a state of commotion, previously to rising. however, I find it iaid, that ,-a.l and , 1 l ] - And lie signlify .oe-1 J,JI; app. indicating that they (Lth, g, TA.) [See also ~. nre inf. ns., of which the verb is W, aor., accord. (a camel) made a hollow place in the ground irith to rule, -, signifying lie went a vehement pace, his breast, in order to lie down. (M, TA.)

used transitively, see 1, latter portion, ja, nutlority of Ibn-Maaroof, that this verb is used in three places. for its inf. n., as signiintransitively, withl ~ t, ,j, The end, or extremity, of anything; (Az, j belowv.] I'ing valide incesit : but see 1 S, M ;) the utiNOt, or extreme, extent, term, limit, a;JI also signifies The urging or Moint, or reachi, of a thinag: this is the lpriutlary [Hence, app.,]
or vehemently: and Golius says, as on the inciting [a beast]; syn. ,1,JI. (M.) _- And signification.

(K :) or, the former, as Az says, in one place, a kindt of sn rfi pace: or, as he says in another place,
the utmost pace which a beaast of carriage is able 3. signify a to attain: (TA:) or ,& and ,~ See 1L

(Az, TA.)

It is said in a trad., vehement pace or going. (M.)

:Is: s.p^, (M, lI,) aor. ', inf. n.

, (TA,) Ile

(S, M,) of 'Alee, (S,)


the thing; put it in motion, or into a state comnmotion; agitated it; stirred it; shook it;

!JI os1

W K,

J,sM, or o.

jp.w: see ,a.,

last sentence, in two places.

(M, 1;) as also the saying, lt 4 a&,il
CJ, incorrectly,


.1 Wl a lle is one wsho moves about his 5 .5I.1J, ((g,. TA,) but the former is that whici (;, M, K.) Ilence is commonly known; (TA;) i.e. IVhen noomen nose [nutch] by reason ofanger. ([bn-'Abb.d, I~.) t Ol (4~, TA [in the attain the period of nature intellect, (M br, 8, K, , ~ ' A seapent that mores about much. Such a one moves about TA,) and know the real natures of thintgs, (Ii, art. SJu,]) Andl * '

hi. noe bly reason of anger. (TA.)

is._,) [then the male relations on the father's side (K.)

[See also .dL..]

SUJ lie nioved about his tongue; (S, M ;) like

r; $;) the former being tihe original; the _o not being, as some assert it to be, sulhsltitlted fr the /,,; for these two letters are not of tile samle kind so as to be cornmlutable. (M.) 1 See also 8. 2: see 3. 3. tiU, (IK,) inf n. a,

have a better right to dispose of her in marriage ,.,l than the motler;] meaning, nwhen they attain to whliclh is a dial. form; (A'Obeyd, (M ;) that age at which ticy are qualified to contendfor from

[a comp)arativc and supl)erlative epithlet
,, a,.MJI q.v.]. 'Amr Ibn-Deen&r

1their rights; [aecord. to the former reading;] for I .~ e sai(d, 5 this is wimt is termed J Jl: (]g,* TA:) or have not seen a man more skilled in traciny up, wvhen they attain to puberty: (As, TA :) or when or ascribing, or attrilbting, a tradition to its
they attain to that period at nwhich they beconme author, in the manner explained above, (voce ,,) oljects of contentionfor right; when every one of i.q. &J sj and J.1. (TA.) the guardians aserts himself to have the bset right: than E-Zuhree; ;.a: see whiat next follows, thiroughiout.

(TA,) lle (a man, (l :) or ~JU.JI in the twad. is a metaphorical TA) irent to the utmost lengthl with hima, (namely term, from the same word as applied to camels his creditor,) in reckonilg, so as to omit nothintt [when entering upon the fourth year]; (K,* TA;) (],) inf. n. and il'uJI,t also, in this case, accord. to sonime, thierein; (4I, TA;) as also t,ji, ,;j. (TA.) le (God) ntent to the utmost properly signifies the same, being a pl. of ~; length rith hitm, (naumely a man,) in questioning (TA in art. sm. ;) and the meaning is, rhen tilhey antl in reckoninj. (TA.) [See also 1.1 attain to the extreme term of childhood. (M, ]i.)


(., M, A, Myb, ],) or t *.L,


The thing upon which a bride is raised (.,' A, I~) and seated, (Mgh,) or shorwn or displayed, (M,) or upon whith she stands (4-i [but this is pro-

i.e. sits,]) rwihen displayed bably a mistake for ,;ai, In the conventional language of men ofscience, to the bridegroom, (M.b,) in order that she may 6. jilj ..,.t The people, or co mp,any of men, it signifies JA thing [or statement] plainly, or be seen (M, Mgh) [and among rowuded, thronged, or.presed, together. (TA.) explicitly, declared, or mnade manifest, by God, the ominen; (Mgh ;) being a chair, (Mgh, Mob, 8. ,-i liHe, or it, (said of a camel's hump, and his Apostle; of the measure . i in the sense TA,) or coucth; (TA;) or consisting of pieces of : (Msb :) or a ,, of the cloth raised, and carpets laid smoothlyfor a seat: Lth, TA,) became raised, or elevated, or high: of the measure J (lK, TA:) or (TA) became even and erect. (Lth, I.ur-in, and of the traditions, is an expression, (M:) written with kesr (Mqb, .O) as being an or a pltrase, or a stence, indicatinga particular instrument, (M#b,) or with fet-l [as being a place]:

i,,*TA.) [In a copy of the A, the verb in tbtse senses, and relating to a camel's hump, is written meaning, not admitting any other than it: (TA:) (Mgii:) accord. to some authorities, 1 I




BooK I.] seem to signify the same thiing: (TA:) or tor :] so called because the sound of a word of the latter is the 1ai.. [i. e. a kind of curtained which the final letter is so pronounced rises to the hlighest cavity of the mouth. (Lth.) A canopy] (K, TA) orer the a: (TA:) from conv. term of grammar. (S, K.) 'li 2,' lll ,.., q. v. (IK.) It is said in a proverb, ;J l , i 4 .;Ji t Such a one was exposed [He wrote, or pronounced, the word wvith , i.e., making its vowvel of inflection - or &c., to disgrace and inJ.fuy: (TA:) or to tMe utmnost according to the rules of grammar:] he made the disgrace and infamy. (M.) word to hIave fet-hah as its ronel of intjlection.
* I,.



him; (CK, TA;) as also




and perhaps 'P is also used in this sense, with reference to grief, or anxiety. (1..) See 1.=,-

41 .J-~; i' JA.0.aJ1 lie ascribed, or attributed,
the traditionto the Apeostle of God; syn. a.I1

and a.i. (TA.) ~ &A:,l lIe assigned him, or gave him, a,~ ; i.e., a lot, or portion. (..) - .ZJI , lie made, or put, a handle

(M,.sb.) _.JI .


,inf t

n. ,

He made war upon him: syn. (I.)(.. A) to the knife. (3, .) Of anything that is raised, and with which one 1. o,a, nor. :, lie took him by the a.oU [or goes to meet, or encounter, a thing, one says 5. .l jOa. '1 ; The she-ases stood forelock]: (.K:) from !t13: and therefore re- ,~", and of the agent, ,. (M, K.) round the he-ass. (S, K.) - See 8. garded by some as improperly mentioned in the aJ , aor. ', inf. n. . IHe:,acted tvith . a,~Lt;3 Tlhey divided it into lots, or portions, K in this art. (MF.) - t.l , aor. :, (S, K,) hostility, or enmity, tonards him. (S, K.) See amntong themselves. (TA.) inf. n. :,d, (TA,) lie chid, (a camel, TA, or also 3. - L dJ ; t I gave him,couns.lfrom she-camel, 8 S); syn. ..- i (AZ, S, K.) _- L;, vwhich he should not deviate. (A.) - , 8. Il and f 1, quasi-pass. of . and (S, 1.,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) lie raised, or lie, or it, becamne set up, put up, set aor. ', (inf. n. ,, TA,) lie put don,n a thing: ,,, elevated, a thing: (Ks, AA, S, IK:) dial. form uprbight, or erected; stood up, or upright, or erect; syn. L. Thus the verb bears two contr. sig,*f,h. (s.) became elerated, raised, or reared: (4 :) became nifications. (K.) - [lre set,.or put, absolutely: even and erect. (TA, art. _-,a.) Ic stood often used in this sense.] ., nor.-; and erect, raising his head. (TA.) - [It was, or t &, (inf. n. ,' I TA,) It (disease) pained 1. aor. ', inf. n. .2; (s, K;) and him; ocrasionedhim pain. (.)K-)n, , t ,,.a; (K ;) lie set tip, pt up, set upright, aor. ', (inf. n. ,,, TA,) t lie strove, or exerted erected, a thii,ig: (S:) be elevrated, raied, reared, hinumself, unusually in his pace: ( .:) or i thingr. (.K.) lie set up, a stone as a sign, signifies he pursued his journey rwith diligence, or or tmark. (Mob.)I' lie raised his energy.: (TA:) or he travelled on all the day, at head. (TA.) - , anor. , inf n. . a, lie a gentle pace: (S, K :) or hejourneyedon all tihe (a goat) htd erect ears.. (S: the inf n. only night. (TA.) En-Nadr says, ,Jl is tile first nentionted.) - -. d3 6 ',. ; I' set, or set up, pace; then, 4..1 , [but see . ;] tihen, .;JI; .uach a one as an obstacle to such a thintg, or as a then, ,,jlhe nhen, ....aJI tlen, JAl; then, butt. for such a thing, like the butt of archers. ,4.l; then, a.JI. (TA.) - ._, aor. (TA, art. .) -tW jJ [Such inf. n. H, e wasfatigued, tired, or wearied, a one was set up, or appointed,for the putting, or (S, K.) - , inf. n. lie H-, suffered d,jikeeping, of the town, or district, in a flourishing culty, trouble, distress, or affliction. (TA.) or prosperous state, tith reslect to buildings, culCa lIe strove; laboured; or toiled (K.) tnire, Imlndation, 4c.]. (A.) .. , aor. ' i,: IjIl [Kur, xciv. 7,] signifies And inf. n. &,) (S, or .;JI,, (S, ) ~ when thou shalt have finisted thy prescribed t lie sang, or chanted, a hind of song, or chiant, peculiar to the Arabs, (S, ., &c.,) of the descrip- prayers,fatiguethyself in supplication: (.ataideli, Jel :) or when thou sialt have finidted the obligation termed .t.J, (.K,) [by which camels are tory prayers, fatigue thyself in the performance urged, or excited,] or a kind of song (V) resembling of the voluntary. (TA.) See '; n'hat is thbu termed, (S,) but finer, or more delicate. (8, K.) What is termed is The 2. Xl JI .- ; Thke horses erected thteir hind nf singing, or chanting, above described: (S, ears often, or exceedingly. The teshdeed is to K:) or a hind of.132 reemblingsinging: (AA:) ora hind of modulation: (Sh :) ora kind of wong, or chant, of the Arabs: (ISd:) or, of the Arabs ,of the desert: (TA:) or poetry such as is comtraol y recited, well regulated and set to an air: 1 (Nii:) so ralled because, in [singing or chanting] it, the voice is raised, or elevated. (The F1.k.) .4a--a 6 - .Jjal , [aor. l, (not ',) inf. n. , lle wrote, or pronounced, the [ final] letter with



became, erect, vertical, or perpendicular.] _ [eaa, .. ~jl His hair, being full-grown, stood out: see . , _ (TA) and ? (K) SIt (dust) rose high. (J., TA.)-. Set up thy cooking-pot [upon the or trirct,] to cook, said to a cook. see

(IA.r.)_ . (TA, art. j&,.)


A1. s ll St~,. [Its teeth stood out forwards: :] j said of a mouth. [,.t r l is often used absolutely as meaning

An erection of the penis.] .. Jl . - l The letter [meaning the final letter of a word] was written, or pronounced, with ,. : [see .

,Jaq. (s.)
(of which it is the inf. n.,) a, 0 . 40e throughiout. and * . and t , amim t A si.tign, or mark, set up to show the nway; or a standard set up: syn. -"e (. :) K i.e., set up [as a sigun] to a pcopdle: (TA:) or is pl. of a, like as A. is of (Lth, TA.) .jL,; Also, t ;, A pole, or mast; syn. (]I;) set utp to shon? the nray: (TA:) ,,: see

oti . (pls. whlichl have no render the signification frequentative or intensive. also, t 4.e..l and (S.) - See 1, and 3. sings., TA,) Signs, or marks, or stones, set uip to and k.": (] :) stonex 3. ,.1I ~U, (inf. n. TA,) I lie made show the way; syn. '. r set up on the tops of isolated small mountains, an open show of evil conduct, mischief, or malevolence, to him; (K];) and in like manner, of whereby travtellers are to be directed: (TA:) enmity, (TA,) and of war; (S, TA;) as also also, * -. y [pl. l.] signifies A sign, or '~, (IS,) unaugmented. (TA: in the CI., mark, set up to slow the maoy in a desert. (Fr.) t : .) See also iJ _. In the l(ur, lxx., last verse l)ut one, some read

,,.~, meaning as above: others , meaning (S ;) vwhich is, in the case of the final in4. &.alHe fatigued, tired, or rwearied, him: flection of a nord, like 2 in the non-inflection: (S, I :) it (an affair)fatigued him, ,Jc.: (TA:) "idols." (Zj.) _ also signifies A goal; (S, J :) [i.e., he ,prote it, or pronounced it, with it (grief; or anxiety,) fatigued, tired, or wearied, or limit; syn. Jt: (g :) or rather, some say that I 353

2800 it has this signification tin the verse of the ]ur. above referred to]; but the former meaning, of "a sign, &c.," is the more correct. (TA.).- See also w,, respect to with below. and ,., rhyme in a verse, is The being freefrom anything that would mar it, (Akh, 1I,) vwhen the terse itself is not curtailed; for when the verse is curtailed, is not applicable, thoughi the the term _. rhyme be perfect: accord. to an explanation received from the Arabs: not one of the terms of Kh. (Akh.) Derived from ,L,--vl, as sigwhich last word, accord. to some, is syn. with U.01: but others deny this; because .Laol are figured and sculptured or painted; whereas -L,,l are of an opposite description. (Msb.) [See a verse cited in art. 3'.'] - Also, .tA..1 Certain stones which were set up around the Kaab eh, over which it was customary for the name of some deity to be ]pronounced in the killing of animals (Ove ,.,), and upon which victims wcere slain in sacrifice to another, or others, than t/he true God: as 3tlal is of Lj; or of (ISd, K:) pl. of ,.,, as , (TA.) _ as j iW- is of JAB. ,, occurring in the .Kur, v. 4, signifies An idol; or a stone which the pagan Arabs set up, to sacrtifice, or slay animals, before it, or by it, and which became red with the blood: (Kt:) or pl. of SiJ,



which for a long time had contained no water, tihe stones set up around which, having their intersticsjilled up mith kneaded clay, were black and nwhite]. (S.) The pron. in olij. refers to a large bucket mentioned before. (TA.) - .__la is also explained by A'Obeyd as signifying Stones that are set up around a tank, or cistern, to mark tihe quantity of water with which the camels will be satisfied. (TA.) See . Grief, or anxiety, , ct~ U,a i. q. that fatigues, tires, or wearies: ( :) after meaning the manner of a rel.n.: (Sb, .:)

nifying "the standing erect; being tall; making one's self tall, by stretchiing the neck;" and is '~j: or ,tl .-- 5j ; like a. and therefore not applied to verse that is curtailed. here an act. part. n. used in tlhe sense of the pass. One who is set, or set up, as (IJ, ISd.) - _ .r;e] by ~i; i.e. followed part. n. [ an obstacle to a thing, or as a butt for a thing, s., in n7hichk one is fatigued, tired, or wearied; .) See like tthe butt of archers. (TA, art. i The ,La, .JI _ (Jel.) idols. and signifying &c.: (S:) .ES , like ,ti j.J, meaning [A peculiar mode of singing, or 1. (K;) Iekhkeh]; [ojf territory sacred of the limits chanting: or a peculiar hind of song, or chant]: ., in the sense of ,~1, , or the phrase,JI i.e., signs, or marls, set up)there, whereby it mnight (See 1.) i~ is its act. and (K;) heard; has been ~ ~~ 0. be known. (TA.) See also i. 1; ~ is also said to be part. n. (TA.) _ or the latter ,C I &, and and is a barbarism, (K,) disallowed by .Kt; but it is laying of a snare; meaning a plot, a phrase of the same kind as .. t 4 ~, 'A allowed by Mtr; and said to have been heard a stratagem, or an artifice. (TA.) tZ, f.; [therefore meaning Severefatigue, or from the Arabs [of the classical ages]; This is a dtficu,t:/, or trouble, and the like]. (TA.)_ -~i: see ,,,. conspicuous object of my eye; a thing infuU view j,, A fentiguiny, .u, and Also of mny ee: said of a thi,ng that is manifest, or ' .,; J of .un-set; .tlJ labor.ious, or troublesome, life. (.i.),_ , 1;.I conspicuous, [standing before one,] and even (. ;) tIhe place to vwhich it returns. (TA.) _ See J11 J1, Appellations wlhen it is lying, or thrown down. (TA.) and . WL'JI, and -_,. Sj,' TIhe handle of a and ,O : it a mnatter of religionts made of a sect who '"a. I mnade him, or it, a cons?picuous k.C ~ is set: vS the in which K;) (S, knife; obligation to bear a violent hatred to 'Alee (Ki ol.ject, or a thing infJtll view, of my eye. (TA.) L.a, of property, the son of Aboo-Tdlib: (TA :) [so called] * (.K.) -_ in tifs case, is an inf. n. (TA :) pl. says, that , used in the sense of a pn,s. part. n., and means t The amount 7which renders it incunmbent on tire 4.J I a..i because they acted with hlostility, l., an object [ns it were set, or set up,] cons.p)icuously pose.ssor to pay the alrs, or tax, called I j l: or enmity, towards him, (E,) and openly opseen of tine eye, so as not to beforgotten, nor to be (S, K :) as two hundred dirlhems, or five camels, posed him: they were a sect of the Kllawvirij. vtnheeded, 1nor to be placed behind the back, or (S,) [or twenty decnlrs, or forty sheep or goats. (TA.) jl.iJ (IbrD.)] So called as being the "s ouIrce " whence untared for, or ,disrcgarded (Mi.) .toliUTlhe eye of the serpent called t.. (l.) Evil; (S;) the tax comes. (Msb.) (S, g) and t . i anid t it r aises to loot. (TA in art. vwhich .tar~, tiau; qfflirtion; miifortnnc: (S, K:) so in the (.l) XA share, or (S, g) and * '~ Kur, xxxviii., 40: (S:) disease: (1J:) a.fli.tion By the expression .t"L. 'L-* .-. ) portion, or lot, syn. ~.; (S, K;) of a thing; J. ,rca.ionedby dixsense. (Lthi.) See also in the following words of the poet, (S;) or of anything; (TA;) a set portion: ,.,: see . (A:) [hence it appears to be in the sense of
· , ,. .

1~what is set:] pl. [as a subst.] Fatigen; neariness; toil .,'a (.K, Msb) [the latter a pl. of pauc.], and _ Dfficulty; trouble; distress; afliction. (TA.) i.'l See tho verb: and see A tank, or cistern. $"*. (Msb.) -_, or foriler's net, set, or set sn .) - A mare, (, -! Diseased; sick; and in pain. (]$.) .. in the sense of thus up: (S, I:) 4 * P50 (1., Msb) and (TA.) See also aO.. _ see . -: * . (1Q: accord. to the ~, the latter is some(I,) which latter is 6, ( S,) or a---, is : [but it seems that timnes written Stones which are set (TA,) former, the pl. of the the more common of thie two words:]) and * the interstices of and cistern, or a tank, up around (S, Msb) lVhat is set up and worshipped to the clay. (S, J.) kneaded up with arefilled exclusion of, or in preference to, the true God: 7which says, (v :) or anything that is so worshipped: (g :) or Dhu-r-Rummeh a stone that is set up and so worshilped: (Msb:)




of the former





is meant Like t¢he eye of the brave man, vwhich . ) to look at, or see, sonmething. he raises ( (TA.) a:..l: · see


1.,~ A goat )having erect horns: (S, K :) ; A she-camel having fem. C.:. (S.) an elevated breast. (S, K.)_ t.Li J An ear that is erect, and approaches the other ear. (TA.) tlOL [so accord. to the copies of the S and V in my hands, and the iMab, which states it to be , and the TA: of the same measure as


and ] written by Golius and Freytagr : · 4.A i : Origin; source; (S, g, Msb ;) ot and it [ IWe poured it out into an old cistern of which anything; (TA;) that to which a person or or it is a pl. of which the sing. is 4..; (Zj :) the water was dried up and the bottom apparent, thing is referred, as his or its source; syn. is k..$l: whichi may be a sing., the pl. of
· ,,

the pl. of a pl. of

a is is ,.,olci: (, Msb :) or , like as j.". is of , : (Myb:)



s.; .4.3

4-, - -


BOOK I.] .;; (Ig;) place dwhere, or wrhence, a thing growvs; (Mb ;) place nhere a person or thing is set, or set up. (TA.) Pi. [of the former, L.a, and] of the latter,










(Az, M.b.)

-1. ;, :aor. (L, K,) inf. n. ; (L ;)

[l e !. i~-UJ J; (A.) _have come unto Thee for the purpose of sincere wnorship: wve have not come for gain, or traffic:


.j He has an excellent origin.
C; w.a-ld )c i

It see art. CJ]. (S, art. t .) _ (anything, S) was, or became, pure, unadulterated,
or genuine. (S, (, , Ki.) ,) aor. :,


;. t, inf. n. ,t..!, (S, L, K) which t Ranh, or quality, latter is the more approved; (L ;) and * ;.;1; _ origin. (TA.) nobility, or eminence, and the like, absolutely, or (L, l5;) lie nwas silent: (L,K :) or le was silent and 0.. 0-. ' listened: (S:) or he was silent to listen: (L :) or he °JI: . and dlerivedfrom ancestry,: syn. from the same word as signifying "origin, was silent as one listening: (Er-RAghib:) or signifies he stood, he listened: (Msb:) or l O e source, &c." (Esh-Shilhb.) j~., .le traces back his lineage to an excellent and t To such a one pertains eminence of rank or or paused, listening. (Msb.) and -- a;l, 15) ; .L A woman AJ 1,:~, (s, g,) avnd 3! , (Z,) and 2 ;-' , sb.)- ,. station. (M

. lie (K;) (S;) and t;.e; .i; inf.n. seroed a garment, (S, l,) or a shirt: (TA:) or
he seed it 'ell. (A.)

2jl .

, (inf. n.

~,~, TA,) ! He (a man, TA,) drank until J l .--. , he nus satisfied. (]K.) I Tle camels drank in good :±.1 ., (inf. n. earnest. (IAXr, S.) __
aor. :, inf. n. , y

TA,) I The rain watered the districtso ) and of beauty: (L,) lie was silent, andl listened to his spleech. that its herbage became close, without any bare or of beauty alone; because alone it exalts her. (S, K, &c.) part: (En-Nadr, g :) or, ivatered it abundantly. , in the language of those of ( 4. &;__1I le made him silent; silenced him. (TA.) lie , , nor. :, inf.n. of rank or quality ¢c., ( _,
post-classical times, [and commonly pronounced,


lIe ma(le him to be clarified honey. (MF.) But this is rejected by silent, [and to abstain] from [speaking of, or to,] the author of the g in [tihc work entitled] the a function, or a magistracy; as thlough meaning me. (A?.) -- See 1. = 9 %jil He inclined to Basair. (TA.) the place in which a man is set, set up, or elevated; (Shifa el-Ghaleel ;) or in whlichl he is play, or slort. (IAar, f..) in the present day, h ,]' t A post, an oeice,
(Sh, gI.)_

· aAl

set, or set up, to see, or observe, [or supervise]: (MF:) plI. _,~oL. (TA.)[ See Se

3. ~,..U,,inf. n. "~..L , [lie advised hinm,

t Functionaries; magistrates.]

An iron thing (an iron trivet, TA,) upon n,;ich a cooking-pot is set up: (IAar, K:)

or counselled him, nith sincerity or faithfulnes, J.ftl J.;JI 1Ie asked him, or desired him, to 4c., reciprocally: see also 1]. (A.) 10. . be silent : (K :) or, to be silent and to listen to H I.e wvatered camels so as to satify 4. him. (TA.)
them t,ith drinh. (IAsr, S, g.)

8: see 1.


Silence: [or silence and listening, 4c.]

as &lso .~- .

(K·.) Sec U, .

1. aJ and ;,. 5-, (S, K, ,c.,) but the

5. C7

lIe was prodigal of



Fa;tigue, hlabour, or trouble: [or a

sincere orfaithful advice or counsel, ¢c.] Hence £J "5l3 the saying of Aktham Ibn-Seyfee,

offatigue, cause ,c.].


4Ja ?

[Bewvare 1?

ye qf beiny


or former is the original mode of expression, (Lb,) prodiyalof sincere or faitlful advice or counsel, ._, as an epithet, applied to a ; (A net or snare) set, or set up. And and is the more chaste, (S, Msh,) and the latter for it occasions doubt, or suspicion, or evil

tAn was scarcely ever used by the Arabs, (Fr,) artifice, a strataygem, a trick, a plot, a resource, aor. -, inf. n. *: and K,) ..L; (S, and or an expcdient: or a stratagem in the game of (A, L, Mqb,) or this last is a simple ·a ..', [Such a "yo L.L ;t chlesa. You say s. (L) and subst., ( ,.K,) and aL..La and hence, as a subst., like F.i and ,
oneframed a Ttratagein, or plot]. (Z.)

opinion]. (L.)



lIe affected to be

like, or imitated, o.1^ [i. c., those who advise, or counsel, sincerely, honestly, or faitifully, .'c.

see 1 L ]. (S., .)


See .

_-~-e A horse of w4tich thkeprevailing characteristic of his nhole mlake is the erect position of his bones, so tshit he stand.s erect nwithout needing to bend

o [Broad ~ [his jointl]. (TA.) _and thin stones] set up, one upon another. (S.) wvhich ras for his good, by iwords, or speech, advice or counsel, ,5c.]. As an ex. of this signifii. Teeth, or fore teeth, of ven which is the proper signification; or otherwise, ' _ .grovth; ( K;) as though set up and made even. which is a tropical signification: (Lb:) or he cation the following is cited (TA.) [See an ex. in a verse cited voce _.] gave him good advice, or counsel; directed him .g,,3, accord. to the ,], i.q. _; Iult tilis is a mistake; and the correct word is . .. , Soft moist earth; as in othler books. (TA.)

. [They advised or counsellcd one 6. $~. another sincerely orfaithfully, 'c.: see 1]. (A, .; (MF;) He adti.sed him, or inf. n. ;~. art. cdi.) counselled him, [in an absolute senue,] sincerely, ltesly, or faithfully: and he so acted ..a, (S, ,) or ,,1 ie accepted a 8. to that him towards him: (Msb:) he directed - , (TA,) [i.e., tincere, ho,ws(, or faitifnl, t.~ (TA) and ;a~L.; (1;) and t ~U.,

I Dust rising high.
Ji,ll grown, and standing out. :a .Sj) . -- :.1:? .alw JlI (JK in that art.) orfornrards].

(S.) - t (TA, art.

(.S in art.

Teeth standing out

to rhat wras good: or he advised him, or counselled him, sedulously, or earnestly: or he acted [lIe says, Accept my sincere advice, for I am to I."j sincerely, or honestly, to himn, (MF,) or hie was thee a sincere adviser]: (TA:) and benevolent tomards him; desired wnhat was good .UI t..J Acc,t the sincere or faithful advice ,TutlB of or counsel the Booh of God. (A.) , 7i." 2J Hair for him. (Nh, MFR.) ) My advice, or coumnsel, or conduct, says, that the verb in this sense is intrans.; and inf. n. u, or was sincere, honest, or faithful, to him. (L.) _ that, when trans., it signifies He took a person [a sincere or faithful adviser or Illis repentance as a inf. n. s ;_, was, or became, true, or sincere, [-c.:: see ;


counsellor, 4c.]; whence the saying,

i .j


I_.l ; 7% y1_, L
14 j ws3~ ~





[Boor I. subst., (S, B,) Sincere, honest, or faitiful, advice,

1. o t, (M, A, 1g,) aor. !, (M,) inf. n. 0 that which is for the good of the person wnho sincere orfaithfil advice, nor thy tahing me as a (M, A, R) and .oa, (A,) or this is a simple is the object, by words, or speech, which is sincere orfaitlftl adviser]. (L.) - See 10. subst., (S, Mib,) and ;, (.1,) [but see the the proper signification; or othernisc, which verse of Kliidish in what follows,] lie aided or 10. A,,.. I, (s, L,) and t , ,;., (L,) is a tropical signification: (Lb:) or good assisted him, (M,1 K,) namely, a person wronged, lie reckoned himn, or deenmed him, , ' (S, L,) advice or counsel; direction to what is good: misused, or treated unjustly or injuriously, (M, i. e., a sincere, faithfiul, or honest, adviser, or or sedulousness, or earnestness, in adv ice or A, K,) against his enemy: (TA :) [he avenged counsel: or sincere or honest conduct: (MF :) him : (see the verse lhere ftllowing, and see 8:)] counsellor, or actor. (L.) or benevolence; desire for what is good for 1he stupplied his want, or .somenhat thereof. (TA.) t1; ! Thread ($, with i) wnhich one sews: the person niwho is thei object: (Nh, MF:) [pl. Kid('sh Ibn-Zuheyr says, ($:) pi. (, . TA; in the Cl C ;) and

lJ;9;J [I do not desire of thee or counsel, and conduct: (Msb :) direction to

o.tL;: ((1 :) the kesrel anid I in the latter are not those which are in the sing., and tie e is added as a fern. sign of the pl. (TA.) [See also - ] .t;,.t Skins. (S, 1.) this verse of EI-Apshia,
.. · . .. ·.



: see C..

Wji4~: LL ~~~~al ~ ,. ro . ~








As cites as an ex.

arc syn., (S,

G~L; (act. part. n. of and [And if thou complain of treacleryfrom a friend, K,) signifying One who advises, or those requital. are its result and its avengers, or
may he a pl. of Gl.J,


2* i


Ji l`1

that I #

like s,4 is of .&:; or it may be an inf. n., ewhich isfor the good of the latter, by nwords, like Jy- nnd a jv . (M.) Yout say, ; or speech; or othervise: or who yives good adlvice, ;,s (s, A, Alh,) and .;.; .P4, (A, or counsel: or cwho adrises, or counsels, sedulously, ;:',

counsels, sincetel, honestIly, or faithfully: and avengement]: here lj. wrho so acts: (Msb:) [nho directs another to

(S, &c.)


or earnestly: or ivho acts sincerely, or honestly: MsLb,) nor. ',(, Msb,) ilf. n. o (., A, Alsh) here signifies, accord. to some, a or benevolent; who desires n1hat is good for and 3/, (A,) or this, as remarked above, is

a siml,lc sulst., (S, Msb,) lie (namely, God, S, A, or a man, MIsb,) aided or a.sisted him, and strenqthened him, .aainst his enemy: (Mqb :) [he avenged hinm (f his eneny. (See 8.)] Andl alUI o1y God made himn to be victorious, to conq(er, or to overcome : so in the .Kur, xxii. 15, whlelre the pronoun relates to Mohammad. (TA.) In the Kur, xlvii. 8, : l1;j el means, If ye aid God's religion and his apostle, lie will aid you against your enemy: (Bd, Jel:) or if ye aid hi.s servants, &c.: or if ye keep his ordinances and aid his orders and comply with originally Cj, signifying apes. like .U (As, S). . &JI 1- Ile his commantds and tshu the things nhich He hath (TA.) gate mc to drink white honey; or fine, or titin, forbidlen, &c. (El-Iasair.) And the trad. ~C I T,rue, or sincere, repentance: ($, :, J .1 tI .Jl ) 1~ is explained as white honey. (A.) : ; $e' I Itains L1A meaning, Prevent thou thy brother from wrong15 :) from ,,pJI k'l '.I : (IAar, S:) or succeeding one another. (A.) ing nwhen he is a wronger, and aid hint against [repentance that eincds one's life;] from his nwronger when he is n,ronqed. (TA.) Also, and ; I A needle, with nhich one ,r~l, agreeably with the saying of Mohammad, , 0aj~, (K,) inf. n.. alid j., (TA,) [or ' lie who traduces the absent rends, and he who sews. (L, K.) Ifthick, it is called ij'ei~;. (L.) the latter in this sense, as in the cases above begs forgiveness of God mends :" [see Li. :1 (S:) mentioned, is a simple subst.,] lHe serred or or such repentance that one returns not after it to t : see 5 . preserved him from him or it. (K.) _ JI that of which he repents : (K:) sincere repentance, afte7r nwlich one returns not to sin: so e .A , (A,L,) and t L.*, (A,) .jl! God gave rain to the earth or land. (A.) young caniel such as is called :] pl. of the former ~ j: (Az :) or a another: see dJi lamb, or kid: (ISd:) or the bird called in and La?; (K ;) an(d of the latter, it-.. Persian plj. (TA.) [But see what follows.] ' (S.) _ ,-"l ~ E- ,A .+ !/t ma. pure, or Also, (accord. to El-Muiirrij, TA.) Snares, (as in some colpies of the 1], and in the TA) or sincere, of heart; (S ;) in nwhom is no deceit, cordsi (as inl other copies of the K) hering loops dishonesty, insincerity, .or dissimnulation: (K:) tl (,i_.) nmade to them, which are set, and with said to be an expression similar to . JI which also (>j ) are caught; (8;) one of these [q. v.]. (TA.) [See also art. *. = ] -. animals being attached to one of the cords to (S,1) andt ;.la antd o.-L (1.) A sewver; attrlact others. (TA.) Agreeably with this signia worker with the needle; a tailor. (S, K.) = fication some explain the verse of El.A"sha cited luS ?Pure, or clear, honey, (As, S, S,) &c., above;
-j, -


[See And uL;1 .iJI y*1, ($, M, ,) [aor. i,] l A land plenti- inf. n.4, ( 1M,)t Tle rain aided the earth or fully watered by rain, (K,) having its herbage land: (S:) or wratered it: (M:) or watered it 'closely conjoined, (ISd, K,) as though the spaces generally and copiously, (K, TA,) and caused it which were between the several portions of the to produce herbae : (TA:) and ~.IL it herbage were closed up by sewing. (ISd.) assisted the country to produce abundance of herbage: (TA:) and ,j,)l · ~a..a , tthe earth Ixvi., 8,] 1..: but some read tIo., which : WelU seed. (AA, g.) [See also or land was watered by rain. (.S.) - Hence, is an inf. n. (Fr.) t:] --Also S A place, in a garment, repaired 6.>, aor. ', inf.n. ., lHe gave to him. and sewed: (TA:) a patched place, or place of (M.) An Arab of the desert [in the A a beggar] c"a,a: see .. U. patching: (g :) a placefor sewing; similar to accosted a people saying, 4 ij .ll,jI. l, an inf. n., (L, M9b,) or a simple , q. v. (TA in art. .) meaningr, Give ye to me: may God give to you.

l,y Moiammad himself:

(TA:) or S A shirt thiat is rent (A) and sened. (L.) also

rery sincere, or very honest repentance: (Zj:) Jai being a measure of an intensive epithet, appllicable alike to the masc. and fem.: (TA:) or repentance in which one dcoes not purpose to return (1) to the sin of nwhich he repents. (TA.) The people of El-Medeeneh read [in the gur,

- S




Boox I.]


(M, A.) _ao~ also signifies t God bestowed upon him the means of subsistence, or the
like; syn. 2ijj. (IKtt.)

UJi: }
I1 -.-


(S,' M, A, Msb, ph. (of ,,", ~;t~

g,) and M,,


(.gh,h: K:)

sb, and of oLU, MI,) and (of ;.L;, M)

(s, M, A, Msb, .1)

2. ;*ya, (inf. n.e";3, I,) lIe made him a Christian. (9, M, ~.) It is said in a trad., [relating to the natural disposition of a child to adopt the true faith,] .'.'u s.Ij l,_ij [But his two parents mahe him a Jew or make him a Christian]. (S.) 3. [o.olU lie rendercd reciprocal aid to him. See an ex. voce.,ot.] 5. L He I laboured, or strove, to aid, or; syn. j.a;l CJlt: (M, Ii:) not of the
same category as quire_.ia] nand j terize himself l,y j]. Christian. (M1, Ki.)

[hc endeavourcd to ac-

L,ti, (S, A, Msb, g, &c.) and t* jL, jt;, (M, K,) and ;j may also be a pl. of (M, A,) or this latter has not been used without the same, as occurring in the verse of Khidsih, the addition of the relative 5, (S,) or it has cited above: (M:) and e lAis a pl. pl., being been sometimes used, (M,) and * 5ya , (M, pl. of jL.a: (TA:) and t;. is used as sing. M§b], K,) but we have not heard this used, and pl., (M, K,) being an inf. n. employed as an (M,) [A Christian: or this' is a secondary ap(M.) .LailJ also signifies plication, and the original meaning is a Naza- epithet, like J~. The Assistants of the Prophet; (MI, K ;) of [tho rene:] fem. k .lr, (S, A, Msb, K,) and tribes of] El.-Ows and EI-Khazraj; (TA ;) being &lj, (S, A, i,) or the latter is used only an epithet applied to them especially, (M, K,) by poetic licence: (IB:) t S.t.; [applied to and used as a subst., as though it were the name the Christians] is a rel. n. from o;j.Li, [or Na- of a tribe, wherefore the rel. n. S.jLOjl [whicl zareth,] a town of Syria, (S, M, K,) also called is used as sing.] is formed from it. (M.) a1 ,., (Lth, ID)rd, KJ,) or O[ r;, (S, M.b1,) ~, (M, Sgh, K,) without teslhdled,

[le ie cndeavourcd to charac- and (AI.) ~

lie became a accord. to Sghl, (TA,) and



)-~U : sec;J,U. 4 -.g I.0

j;Ll: see


o: -

a and-LU.


6. I3jL.J Tlhey aided or assisted one another: (S, Msb, TA:) the/y assisted one another to aid.
(M, A, I., TA.) _ Jl .Jt~o; I The

acrounts, or tidings, con.firmed, or verified, one a,other. (NI, K, TA.) lie defended himself: (B(!, Jel, lv. 35:) he defended him.LRlf #aginst his wronger, or injurer. (TA.) - o j21l Il[e exacted, or obtained, his right, or dlue, coml,letcly, from him, .so that each qf them became on a par wvith the other: (Az, TA :) he revenged him.elf upon him. (Az, S, M,* MsI,, Ki.)

(as in a copy of the M,) or LS. and $.,: jS.Ljla: seej. (TA:) so originally, and then applied to such as hold the religion of its inhabitanlts: (Msb :) j..,: [Aided or assisted, 1epecially against an this is the opinlion of the lexicologists; but it is 4, J.. . . 3 j,. vlj S Landl nateredl ly of weak authority, though admissible as there enemy, &c.]. rain; rained upon. (S, A.) are other anomalous rel. ns.: (AM:) or [so in bit u, in the S, andl] j is pl. of , ~_7-- [Asking, seeking, or, ati, or
(Kh, M, Msh, K,) like as .lt is pl. of&,..o; asistance].

1 A be.qgar. (I.) [t.j, S&c.

(Msb, K ;) or of C15aj (Kbi,
(,S,) like as

;, M) antl



is pl. of Cjte.i

(Kh, S, M)

by little and little, (S, A, Mgh, M1Ib,) firom stone * or the like; (Mgh ;) like ,.: (A :) or; gift, which is termed y2.. (TA.) ' 09 a ' ;il .,4 Z or oozed, (A, K,) [like ;] like as it J .j [used a subst.,] Aid or assistance, rendered [V/ien I sawv Nabatheans, Clristians], meaning loes from stone. (TA.) Yol say also, .. to another, especially against an enemy: [avengeLSLt. (TA.) ,IJ y;; A cloud o,ving wtitlh ,vater. (TA.) 4 ment of another:] *ictory or conquest: (Bd,
xxix. 9:) and t e is a subst. from ,ot [and

and ,-:L;j; ( ;) but more probably of 'l, because this word has been sometimes used, whereas we have not heard L5 used : (M :) and it is implied in the copies of the .K, that 1b. lie asked, stought, or dlesirbed, aid, ..'5lc ; but correctly, it is a pl. or assistance. (AI, K].) And o ; lIe asled ; is pl. of witholit L, as is said in the TS, and him to aid him, (S, M.h, K,) ac angainst him, of< <,, the L, in hoth of which is menltioned the saying (S, K,) i.e. against his cuenoy. (S, TA.) of the poet, ile begged; (IC;) as thlolugh he asked for a

See Supplement.]

1. ,.a~, aor.,

inf. n.


(S, A, Mgh,

Msb, K) and u,a, (K,) It (water) wellecd from a source, or spring: (TA:) oraflo,ucl: (TA:) or'
Jioned,(S, Mgh, I.,) or camnefor/th, (.Mglh, ltMh,)

therefore signifies the same]: (S, Msb :) or the (IK.) And ,JWJ1 .ii i, J ;., (K,) t latter signifies good aid, or assistance: (M, ;~~ OOne who aids, or assists, much or well. aor. , inf. n. , -, (TA,) The ,,rater-skin :) and this t sanme word, when the object is (TA in art. .. ) slit, or burst, (IS, TA,) and its icatel came forth, God, sig,nifies aid of God's servants; &c.; as (TA,) in consequence of being rery Jirll. (R, j": seeyoU. It has the signification of explained above: see 1. (El-Bashir.) - Spoil; TA.) - [Hence,] : dj,~ &. .t -, plunder; booty. (Bd, ubi supra.)Rain; the measure l,xL or of the measure Jip; aor. -, inf. n. _,i [and ,,i], t %,oewhat (A, TA;) as also t or: (TA:) in like manner for ri~ 1 1 ,,.I,occurring in a tral., means flonwed to him frJom his bonanty: but the verb is as it is called C .i: (A, TA :) or the ? latter Two brothers, aiders of, asnd aided by, each mostly thus used in negative plhruses. (TA.) signifies a complete rain. (IA*r.) - [Hence,] other. (TA.) You say also, WLl .i3ia, y wi tA little t A gft: (S, TA:) and ,L.*. gifts. (M.) ~ uj>: see ,1 . of thy bounty [flowed forth]. (TA.) And ,, See also ;.i a:
7 a:

1t.lJ:II The religion of the jSL;.q [or Chris- And WII4b,. tians]. (i., TA.)

[npp. A wrind b,intging rain].

. -;: seey . ti

;5.t di tlie did him a small benefit; as also

see2 ,. see,.i, in five places.

,a. (As.) - Hence too, (Mfgh,) A,, (Igoot, .oLact. part. n. ofj.&, An aider or a.sister, S, A, &c.,) aor. :, inf£ n. n ', . , (g,) also sig. ecpecially against an enemy; &c. ; as also V ~", nifies S It (a thing, IIgoot, Msb, or an affair, .K)



was, or became, within the power or reach; or (S, Msb,) :i | vl TIVater upon sand beneath which is hard i> from suck a one: (s:) or fiom nwhich nwhenever any exudes and or attainment; ground, posible; or easy of obtainment extracts, or elicits, it, part after part. (K.) or prepared,orready; or produced; orapparent; And L~ . [in one copy of the K collects, it is taken. (TA.) .ta and (11, TA ;) or it presented it.elf; syn. l1; { t*I took, or exactel, or received, *t<-J *'k,' St A well of 7;which twe materflows ; fully, or wholly, from him, mny riqht, or due, (IK, and j. TA;) Msb, Mgh, (S, A, ' ;5 by little and little: or oozesforth. (K, TA.) (Mg,h.) TA,) p'art after part: (TA :) [as also -^4-. (Ilgoot, Mgh, Msb, TA ;) and 'l. a,,b Water little in quantity: (S, O, L, K :) I.. S Take thou, or receive thou, do;.] And a.l7l t-,; You say, , [in one copy of the what hath become easy of obtainment or attaint I soU.qlt, or (demanl(l,d, the pl. .oL/; (S, 0, L, TA; in the K, ,L/, :':] .K t ment: or prelpared, or ready; or produced; or whichl is a mistake. TA.) Also, A small accomplishment of the nmalt. (Ki.) apparent; or what hath presented itself; syn. j. __,J .l; 1 ,qtantity of m,ilk. (S, K.) (so in (S, A, Mgh, MVb, TA;) and .; (Mgh, (i.:; (, TA,) oir t , R. Q. 1. also t , t A1 nn fuacing littblJlesh; (.K ;) as . TA ;) LU to thee, orfor thee; (S, A, Mgh, TA;) the Cki,) said of a man, (TA,) tflis Cl, (K, =' j. 'j°, (TA.) · and t . 5. of a debt; (5;) or 4 J1 >. of the TA,) i.e. ichat was apparent of his propert/y, They camne ivith the most remote and t , of thy debt; (A, (TA,) became much, or abundant. (.K, TA.)-debt; (Mqb;) or 4k. .*4 (0, g;) from Ibn-'Abb(Ad. coompany; thcir (f but lie moved about Ihis tongue; as also ;; MAgh;) or ,. - ;>from thy debtor. (TA.) the ,.b in tlhe former is not a substitute for the (TA.) . t, &:.. And it is said in a trad., e ,,o in the latter, as some assert it to be: (L, a.Li A remainder, (S, K,) or small rei ,1"1 Take ye the poor-rate of what hath TA!) the verb is used in this serlse in speak- mnainder, (A,) of water, (S, A, K,) &c.: (, K :) appeared, or presented itself, of their posse.sions; ing of a man; (TA i) and of a serpent; (S; , (TA.) id and ,.oh. the last thereof: pl. .~L (, but in one copy ;: (Mgh.) You say also, A, .i;) inf. n. syn. jb, and _. t The laist *f the /1'7a j; [thle [Hence,] *, . anld accord. to Ibn-Abbaid, i:; t The price was, or became, pro- iA-:-:) ffJ.,w;1 . S, A, K :) applied (AZ, man: of the children (lutred, or apparent, or prepared, or readly: inf. n.] sign,ifies the making, or uttering, of a to two and and female male and alike to the Vas, or became, given in ready money, or sound; or the sound itself; (Z".o;) [app. by a (S.) _ i as aInd promutly, or quickly, or in advance: syn. motion of the tongue;] of the serpent ; and hence, more; (S, K;) like as applied $A srnall thing: (A :) what conmes into one's L ; [accorld. to some,] the epithet lh', . (Msb.) And j.a.: and . to a serpent: (TA:) or this epithelt is firom tlle hand, of a thing: a small benefit. (TA.) [No-X s (9, Mrb,) i.e. J.^ 'i)= A . (.A. phrase, (IAnr,) L5i A small quantitqy of rain: (AA, $, K :) ]-^by &c., alparent, or produced, became thing (so in tilhe CK,) lIe put such a onle in motion, .my hand therefrom: or, accord. to A'Obeyd, or a weak rain: or a weak clouwl: or one flontiy (IAar,) anld he dispgieted, disturabed, or unsuettled, seenims nith water: (TA :) pl. [of pauc.] 1ial and [ot' instance or As, (see u,) the verb in this himn; or rmnorele him fromn his place. (IAar, to have thc signification here next following]. ' 1 mult.] `Ulaj. (S, .K.) - A wind that brings .K.) [In one place, in the TA, L, '_ *~ iJL. ,. also signifies Ilis prolperty is mna(lie to sig*nifi the same; hint this is doubtless (MI.) v;aJ,) so thtat it Jflo,t: or a wealt rain, (Wi became converted into money, or, after it a mista;ke, arising fi'om an omission in transcrip&l :~ si _:. wind. (A'Obcyd, K.)_had been a comnmodity, or conmmodities. (A, The ~ ;l_41 tion.] You say also, a Mghm.) a;~5 O1jli 5,9' anrd jaoLU ,li, Tite camel.s camel moved about his _iL; [q.v.], and maode *) hare ll ft the ,,ater, havting thirst; (S, 2: see R.Q. 1, in two places. them to be in contlact n ith the ground; or this is not having sati.sied their thirst. (S.) = The 4. ,a1 lie (a pastor, S) gave lambs or kids [t-4',] with ,o. (TA.) sound of the roasting (f,flel,sh-nmeat upon heated to drinh a small , uantity of milk. (S, .K, TA.) anil see also 10, in two stones: plL.~L/a;: (S, . :) ISd, htowever, says, R. Q. 2: see 5: - t lie accomplished a want. (K.) .. ; but places. I think that ?,C; is a sing., likue



* 3 .9 5: see 10, in two places. ~ Msb, IK) anld tv'U (S, A, Mgh, (S, . t I ccite(l incited, urged, or itnstigated, such a K) t Gold and silver coin or money; or o(e. (S,gh, K, TA.) [In one copy of the I, Msb, deendars and direnms: (S, A, Mgh, Msb:) such ,li': (A, TA :) or the dirhem are called JlJI V 8: see 10. and deendr: (ki:) of the (lial. of El-H.ijiz: 1 lie sought repeatedly and (As, S, Mgll, MIsb:) but accord. to A'Obeyd, 10. ;itll (S,,) or As, (TA,) these are calledt ~V,& ly /mrserering q thie [small quantities, or remain., termed(] j. ^, of wvat', and took of them little by only when converted into such. after havi;ng been a commodity, or commodities; (S, M.slb, K;) is errolittle. (TA [in which, hlowever, Jt.l t;, (S, because one says, ' ' . 5 w. [IIence,] neously put for jtl].)_ also signifies b ti: ( Msb,) i.e. J. te eeks, or demands, bountty, or a }1~)' Sr epared, or what is apparent, oi. produced, or pred, benefit, as it were drop by drop; syn. ;" property: of particularly 'oi, so t and ready; (1, TA :) or extracts, or elicits, it: (TA :) or the latter, tvlat has continuance, (TA :) anud seeks, or demands, its accomplishment. (A, TA.) A .. or endurance, of property. (Msb.) A man of sa , (S, 1g,) or "-. And i UtiI Sl much property is tlescribed as being (so in a copy of the Msb,) t lle seeks, or demands, :he accomplishmentt of his right, or due, (S, M§b, t LdG t [The most abounding of men in gold and 1,,) and takes, or receives, (S,) part atper part, silver coin]. (TA.) = See also pa?-J . 1

the sing. may be . me not improbable that transcription, for L ,, used as a subst.] -Sec Ui..;.L: see

(TA.) a. also

[It seems to

may be a mis,~. , (IAar, (-.

pl. of the inf. n. aI

= ,

S, K,) and ~,bl;, (., A, K,) A serl)ent that remains not still in a place, (IAar, K,) by reason of its malignity and (IAar:) or that, rwhen it bites, lills imnlediiately: (K:) or that moves about its tongue, (S, A, K,) having put it l:] forteh; (K ;) as also with ,o: [see o~ (TA :) or that utters a sound, or sounds. (TA.) It is said that Dhu-r-Rummch, being asked did nothing respecting the meaning of ipt, more than move about his tongue in his mouth; (S ;) or put forth Ihis tougue, and move it about, (IJ, 0,) in hlis mouth, making a sign with it to him who asked him. (0.)

Boox I.]
: see .


had little milk; and her flow thereof became sdom; branches; its leaves [if such they may be called] (K ;) and her milk was long in flowing again into being only shoots, whiclh are eaten by the camels power one's wvithin . A tlhing, or an affair, and sheep and goats: Aboo-Nanr says, that it is her udder after each previous milkhing. (TA.) a tree having short thorns: not of the trees that or reach [&c.: see 1, of which it is the part. n.]. 4. M.*iJl -, il lie pulled the string of tle bow, grown on lofty mountains; frdequented by chameSee also , in six places. (.K.) in order that it might make a sound: like ~; : leons: [see LO,./, in art. , t,.: and see an ex. in (IS:) the former verb is [said to be] an original that it is syn. of the latter; (TA;) [and if so, it has a verse cited voce jL:] ISd thinks says, an inf. n., as shown below:] or he pulled thus called because of its little sap: AM n which are cut tentaor. ' (S, l, &c.) and also -, (Msb,) the string of the bon, and then let it go, to that it is a large tree, 1. ,, ; make it twanfg : or he pulled the string of poles: (TA:) and Ibn-Selemeh says, that it is a which latter is strange, (MF,) inf. n. ; (.K;) It (water) sanh the bow nwithout an arrow, and then let it go, treefrom which arrowe are made. (S.) _ (S, ]K, &c.;) and t , J. J into the eartht; disappeared in the earth: (S, to make it tnang: (TA :) or he cazured the bonv .-. - ' 1 [She-cancLs liTe arrowms made t . l; M, K, &c.:) and became low: (S:) became to make a sound, or twang: (Al.In, L:) J (TA). tendub]. of the wood of the , occurring in si.ljJj ~is the same as .~:l, of which it is I rnemote. (S, M.) a verse cited by Th, [The wvaler of the tank or a transp. syn. (S.) AHn, gives to it the inf. n. cristern, .san into the carth]. (TA.).~1~; and yet asserts it to be formed by trans, ['IThe sources. of El-'Tiif became position: but this is absurd; for verbs so formed . JI ($S and .~, aor. , inf. n. , 1. C have not int: ns.; as mentioned by Sb and Aboot "JI _ dried up]. (A.) of the skilful grammarians. &c.,) or these are [properly] simple substs., &C, /nt fromn ,w,hich the nater of the 'Alec and the rest Ce 6yLiC ,,U. See (Abu-l-Hasan.) (the former accord. to the L, and both accord. sea has beomre e.hausted, and has dried up), it , (Msb,) It A pool of which the n,ater has sunk to the Msb,) and the inf. n. is W1SL L; i or dates,] (TA, from a trad.) _jlg ,~L.)i,JI a source (fruit, .IS, S,, , [in the C .K;1j,t i .A [So] t into theearth. (A.) , 1g, flesh-meat, and TA, dates, and as grapes, A [l1'e were on the bank of the (ofwhich the water /has sunk into the earth; [a £W1 A;r [or TA, roasted, or sun the in dried whether river in lE'l-Ahndz, and the water had sunk, or source that has become dried up]. (A.) - , state peifect a to attained way,]) any in cooked receded, fromn it, leaving it dry]. (TA, from a ol: I [A deep hole: or afar extending desert]:
being alive, and which bas then died, eat ye it.
· $1e e...·
-0 · o. -. -5 . · ,4 t= W, , inf. n. (aor. . '; trad.) U l (, TA.) svn.. TA,) JIs eye sank, or becname depressed, in the V''eriiy such a one is a person of little good, or socket: or it is only said of the cye of a sihe- beneflcence. (AZ.) lj I Distant; remote: It, (herbagc and thie like, (As, S:) an elithet applied to water and anycamel. (K.) that linhad been abuindant,) becamne little, or scanty: . t+A far-extendtling. (TA.) - "Li is (l;:) or fitiled alt,gether. (TA.) ing run. (TA.) met. nsed withi refercice to accidents [as it is ~, a coill. gen. n., [I find it said to have ;'_~ prol)erly withi resplect to substances]: thius it is

qf fitness for being used, or for being eaten: it (fruit) became ripe, or mature: it (flesh-meat) becamte thurouwjhil cooked. (S, ], &c.) See 2. [And It (the skin of one tormenited in lIell) became thorouthly burned: see Kur iv. 59.]_ It (nn ulcer or the like) becamnte ripe, or suppurated.]







, (L,)


said in a traal., *y.r , an'ay, or ended. (lAth.)

lHis Iife passed been written with tenween by J himself: but it This is what F means aplpears to have been also used as a generic


(K,) and tiS

: She

Scwh a one proper name; and as suchl, having tile measure being t His of a verb, it must be written ;, inf. n. di, , -.died. (TA.) the tree: certain A declinable:] imperfectly goodness, or beneficence, became little. (AZ.) of word no is there because augmentative, z, is Ile n,as not ashamedl. (TA.)= 5 .a _. t. a; whereas there are words of tle nicasure TA,) tI (a desert) was (in£ n. <, , and .L%j, as Li the measure I It inf. n. ., far-extending. ([(.) - ,, : (S :) a certain tree of El-lfjaz: n. un. (a people, or party,) was, or became, distant. (.K :) it gfrows large, in the fom,n, or man ne r, of I It (a l)eople, or party,) strove, , (S.)-the .-, having white and thick branches; and [app., in a journey.] (TA.) by saying
' ,. signifies _ A, or used exertion,
,_iL, aor. -', It (a thing, TA,) flowed, and ran. (1].) By our saying "a thing," we mean to exclude water, though water is included in the definition of a thing: so that we need not infer from what is said in the I that the verb bears two contr. significations. (TA.) [But this observation appears to me to be scarcely admissible.]

(a camel) exceeded the usual )periodof gestation by a month, or thwrcabout : (L :) or exceedled the year and did not bring forth : (S, 1.C :) Pas pregnant, anad exceeded the year, counting front the timte nwhen slhe conceived, and did ntot brintg forth. (As.) Th uses the expression -. toJ5 as signifying Slhe (a woman) excee(lded the usual period of gestation, namely nine mnonths; or dlid so by a mnonth: in which case the child ig more strong, fobr the delay. (TA.) -

folds, such as are called

(whletlher dried in thIe sun or roasted, TA, [or cooked in any way],) perfectly fit for being used, or for being eaten: rendered ripe, or mature: thorotughly cooIed: (9, 1 :) it (tlhe ' ': proper time) rendered fruit ripe, or nature; ] The sore on the back of a (L, gi, art. ,io)]like small grapes, which is hands, written ripenied, or matured it. (TA.) - AI.n uses t The eaten, of a reddish colour: AHIhn says, that its this verb in a strange manner, explaining the oJI a camel 4c. became severe. (T .) scar of the sore became severe and deepl in the smoke is white, of the colour of dust; and that expression t.JA by the wor(ds ,i tskJ¢l !.,

would be better:] · though 'l, after it always appears and contracted; its leaves are as though it nere dry and dusty, though growing: (TA:) its thorns are like those of the [in the copies of the K in my .r : (K, TA :) and it has afruit [called ijn

iLJl t The she-camel attained the utmost L,; poini n.tith her milk: but ISd thinks it a mistake [this is the only meating I can assign to the tor tOJ -.~ . (L.) = See 4. supposing k. to be omitted , l words 'J:. lie rendered fruit, or flesh-ment, 4. .l UJi., are made of it:


(A.) (M.b.)


ie m4 pulled off the poets therefore liken dust to it: and in one place


2: see 1

_.... , inf. n.


[meaning, a plant, or ,erbaqe,thiat shrivelled, or blasted, by the shrunk, nipped, [properly so called], which has a trunk, and is ', She (a camel) from which grow thick boughs, with many cold]: this is strange because ,laI a is an effect
he says, that it is a large tree, 7vithout leaves





2806 of heat; not of cold. ,J 1; (M.) [See

[Boox I. ewater, or the water, upon him]. (A.)-- ,

(L.) The sky rained upon wus.


[aor.: ,]

. He e, moistened, or He (a horse) sweated. (Msb.) j,zlt . ~1 ! Mature thy judgment, or thine aor. , and :, inf. n. of cloth. (Mqb.) sprinkled, a garment, or piece He (a man, and a and 3t;, inf. n. ., ', (L) or .JI olpinion]. (A.) _ a.11 [A .prinkling of such horse,) broke out withl sweat: and in like manner, o. r -_ :~,cC , (A,) [He does not thoroughly ,. the protuberance behind a camel's car; and the cook the slender part of the leg of a sheep, or the a thing came upon him]. (TA.) arm-pit or the like. (L.) [See an ex. in a verse like]: i. e., he is weak, and of no use, or does W° Site (a camel) sprinkled her urine. (TA.) t He He cited in art..~, conj. 3.]- .' also not possess a competence. (L.) - [-


signifies It matured, or caused to suppurate, an ($,) S It (water, TA,) moistened [or allayed] his .] ulcer or the like; as also. t thirst, (S, TA,) and allayed it: (K, TA:) took it away: or almost took it away: (TA:) also 10: see 4. (TA,) he satijed his thirst , ., (1) or Lc.JI . ,.O.: see with drink: (4[:) or he drank less than wrhat



a,, (S, K,) aor. :,

inf. n.


difuses the odour of perfume: lit., sweats it. It (sweat) exuded, (L, from a trad.) or came forth. 1,) and 'tl, (Msh.)_ - .iJ , (S, and (S,) aor.:, a~ inf. n.

: see 1. As simple substs., . andl t in relation to fruit, or to flesh-meat, A perfect state (ffitness for being tsed, or for being eaten: ripeness, or maturity: the state of being thoroughly cooked. (L, Mgb.) :JI, inf.n. '.,, TA,) I Tle trees began to canal or well to irrijate standing corn or the in (Msb.) He moistened a skin, like. S, K.) break out with leaves. (As, i (,l g) and V and t . ,JI corn became lstanding break._ -l , t Tie not and ? it might ~j,JI, that order (TA) Fruit, anld flesh-meat, (whether dried in the sunr or roasted, TA, [or cooked in any way,]) aor. , inf. n. -. , He s,rinkled the palm-leaf thick in its body, (TA,) and began to have the in O a perfect state of fitness for being used, or for date-basket writh water, in order that its dates farinaceous substance in its grains, yet moist, being eaten: rilpe, or mature: thorougldy cooked: might stick together: (L:) or he scattered forth or succulent, or tender. (1K.) _- ; ', --, (Q, KI, &c. :) pl. [of the first, and perhaps of the its contents. (L, K.) d, (inf. n. (L;) and ,.d, (L, K,) aor. :,inf. n. ..; second also,] 1. (TA.) - 5-Y1 S,) lie watered palm-trees, (]g,) and standing (L, 1K,) and ? , ; (1K;) Ike eye ovei,le,ed(l t A man of sound, [or mature]judgment. (, 1e.) corn &c., (TA,) by means of a camel carrying ivith tears: (L, .:) the eyefJlled nwith tearsandtlwi t .I [A matured affair; an affair thie water. (1K.) _- fl . aor. , _ JI L, The staned- over.flowed witltout stopping. (L.)soundly, or thoroughly, ma,,naed]. (A.) ing corn 4c. was watered by means of buckets, It (a sea, or great river,) flowed. (TA, art. .) : see .

i,) 15 [the latter of an intensive form,] .; '",(, Tie water-sktin, and the jar, (being thin, TA,) .' would satisfy his thirst. (S, 4.) __ oI swreated, (ISk, S, ],) or exuded its wvater. (TA.) jlJI Tire water took away the thirst of the J i- 7.J The mountain sweated water camels pc.: or nearly did so. (T.) -SI l 5 lie (a camel) carried water from a river or between its masses of rock. (TA.) -

(.;, and ,.

J,)and cames carrying the water; not by means of a channel opened for that


,, ,


_": see




(S,.K,) nor.; (S;) and &;z

" Ja These are (g,) inf.n. d : purpose. (TA.). and Ct.; (TA;) t IIe above means [by the are matered that palm.trees :sec what follows. repelledffrom, and defended, such a one: (S, K :) iU [Such as also .. : (Slhuj.a:) and J,JI -J __ mentioned<]. (S.)he . and each witih (S, L, I~) and *. a one waters palm-trees &8. by the means above r.e/ell,edfro,,the man. (Kr.) _ c (L,) t A she-camel that erceeds the usual leriod a He r;~ drives t lie defended himself with an arygument, a .plea, 'l mentioned]. (cs.). 'f #estation by a month, or thereabout : (L:) or for irripation, or an allegation. (S.) the water carries camel that tha that exceeds the year and does not bring forth: 3: sec 1. ratering palm-trees [.'c.J (S.) _--L

($, rK :) pl.


(S) and ;l.



See an ex. voce ,1;3. - [Also both, but the latter the more common, A sulppurative medicine.] .Lt. An iron instrument for roasting jlesh(i-.)

meat; syn. .t,.


, aor. -, (S, g,) and , (M,b, MF,)

inf. n. .Jdb, (S,) He sprinkled a house, or chamber, [with watelr]: (S, g :) or he sprinkled and someit lightly: (TA:) ~ is like r; times these two words agree, and sometimes they differ: (Lth :) some say that they both signify any sprinkling: (TA:) or the former signifies what is intentional; and the latter, .] what is ulnintentional. (IAar.) [See ,WIt

, TA.) t Thecy sAhot at thetm .J .lt, (inf. n. [or sprinkled them] with arrorws: ($, :) they scatteredarron;s among them, like as water is sprinkled. (TA.) Mohammad said to the ! .J I L; IL archers at the battle of Ohlod, Shoot ye at the worses and their riders wnith atrowrs [and so repel them from us]. (S,* TA.) .i, aor. ;and :; (TA;) and't ; _. 1. [both of which are thus used as and intrans.]; (1g;) He sprinkled some nwater upon 1: his pudendum after the ablution called, -; . (TA.) _ . J. (K:) as also di ' Oc Ile ma(le [a little sprinkling of] urine to ftll upon his thighs. (.K.) Hence the J, meaining, saying in a trad., ci;l that he upon whom falls a little sprinkling of urine, like the heads of needles, as explained by Z, must sprinkle the part with water, and is not

4: see 1

i l t He aspersed his C_.~

honour, or reputtation: (K:) marred it; as also .. a..!: (Shluj.a Es-Sulamee:) made people to carp at it. (Khlialeefch.)
.; 1 5: sec l and 8.- .... _j : I saw hi&m deny, (S, K,) and d(eclae himself clear of, (S,) that of vwhich he was accused, or suscpected. ; lie pretended to be (S, 1.'.*) _ 'a

clear, or quit, of the thing. (TA.) 8. ±'J1 .. , :l Thle nwater became

.Jz, i ;: sprin,kled upon them. (S.) -_ z.l:Jl The urine became sprinhled upon the garment. (Msb)'lie sprinkled

. himself with tle kind of pIefume called is used in similar sense in (L.) [And ? . art. J.. in the l.] 10 : see 1. See 1.

i. '

, .o

inf. n.


[1 sprinkled required to wash it. (TA.)

A.J L".b;

BooK I.]
0 .,


·t :*b A copious rain. 8,M9 b, .) c... A rain between two rains; better than some copies of the V ai.j; in the CV a1.;] i. e. An instrument made of copper or brass for 'aL' what is called jI; (L;) i.q. with w, X A copious spring of water: (S :) or shooting forth naphtha [into a besieged place: a spring that boils forth, or gushes fo.rth ($, respect to rain. (Sh.) - ,t.l [or 1?] mentioned in several histories]. (L.) A slight, or scanty, scattered shower of rain. Msb) copiously. (M sb.)_ Lj,1 &Ll A she-camel that swnats copiously in the part called (L.)_ Also l , U Rain. (L.) ,.i3, behind the ear. (L.) tPerfumne that is thin, like water pl. t L : , aor. -, [and r,see below], inf. n. ;;,. [in the TA ,] vulgo '&ti, and 1 [se se: also :] what is thick, H, e sprinkled him, or it, [with water i. q. iilj: (K, TA:) [in the C1, ISj, which like 3 ii. and 3JLi, is called i. (L.) &c]: or i.q. ;.: (.:) AZ says, is a mistake: see :L]. A mark left by water, or anything thin, such as signifies the act of sprinkling, like ; these [q. v.]. two words being syn.: you say : a;, aor. (AA, in TA, art. ; .) :;: (S:) or the former signifies less than and t t A 2watering-trough or the latter: (g:) so most say: (L:) or the tank; or so called because it moistens [or allays] former signifies what is unintentional; and the the thirst of camels: (IAar, S:) or a small latter, what is intentional: (IAir, L:) As says, wratering-trough or tank: (TA:) or the latter a that the latter is the act of man: (L:) and the watering-trough or tank that is near to the well, former, he says, signifies more than the latter, so as to befilled with the bucket; and it may be and has no pret. nor nor.: and Aboo-'Othmin Et-Towwazee says, that the former signifies the large: (Lth :) pl. of the former Ull; and of mark, or effect, that remains upon a garment or the latter 'r. (S.)_ jI What is other thing, and that the act is termed , sprinkled in the performance of the ablution called with unpointed: ( :) As says, that has 0rwJI. (L.) [See* 0 . ] no verb nor act. part. n.; and A'Obeyd says, that it has no pret. nor aor. ascribed to any Za*. h: see authority: or you say ! s ;,.,, aor. :- and , inf.n. ;, I wetted the garment; and it 1 *,>!k A ; that sweats, or exudes its J. (Msb.) ' water. (TA.) . A certain kind of signifies more than ; perfume. (S, I.) [See also ] _ , ., and ) 'ai, A bow that impels the arrow with force, or sends it far, and that scatters the arrows much; expl. by Vt aI.t J. U. (A.Hn, .) -;' I One of the names of The bow. (TA.)

4 ,.

vinegar and the like: differing from ";

(., M; L,.M§b;) and t o , (L, .,) inf. n. (8, L;) or the latter has an intensive signification; ($, L;) He put goods, household-goods, or commodities, ( $, L, V,) one upon SLL, another: (S, L, Msb, K :) or put, or set, them together, (T, A, L,) in regular order, or piled up: (A :) both verbs signify the same: (L, ] :) or the latter, he put them one. upon another [or side by side] compactly. ($, L.) - [You say,] 1. ! c >UI 'J_ , [I placed the crude bricks in order against the corpse, to support it: as it is laid upon its right side, or so inclined that the face is towards Mekkeh]. (L.)

1. Oda~, aor. , (S, 1, &c.,) inf. n.

2. ,;1,



He ", [God] made a




S.) ~- . See

tLa; He who drives the camel that carries

ki, inf. n. i .. ;x, IIer (a she-camel's) arm- perso's teeth to be disposed in regularorder. (A.) See 1. pits were sprinkled with pitch. (S,L, from a verse of El-IKatAmee.) IG ~ - -4L A 5. OL v '.. x'; The teeth were disposed in sprinkling, more [or less] than what is termed regularorder. (A.) , came upon him. (As, S.) . l 8. _'" ;1, [quasi-pass. of 1, It was put, or set, one part upon, or beside, another, in rsgular 0~WJ'-, (Yz, S,) and ,. ", i. q. . , (Yz, S,) We [shot at them and] order; was piled up, or became piled up]. (IS, !S It (a people, A) remained, sprinkled them with arrows; or scattered arrows art. U .) - ,_'l:1 stayed, abode, or dwelt, in a place; (A, . ;) and among them; (Yz, S, ;) meaning, our enemies. collected there. (A.) -(g.) , (inf.n. n.: , L,) It (water)

water from a well ~4c., for irrigating land, (S, boiledforth vehemently (in gu~hing, L,) fronm its ... , Goods, houAhold-goods, or commodities, g,) and waters palm-trees [,c.]. ( )- -. See source, (L, K,) or boiled up vehemently. (Abooput one upon another: ($, L, K :) or, put, or 'Alee, L, K.) set, together, (A, L,) in regular order, or piled ..,.. M 0. 3. t.U, inf.n. a.' and , They up: (A :) or the best thereof: (L, ] :) or such ~Lai;: see a,-*. things in general: but the first meaning is the sprinkled each other. ($, g.) most appropriate: (L:) pl. . l. (S, L.) CO. 1t A camel (S) or an ass or a buU (TA) 8. -- It (water) became sprinkled. ($, g.) -,>J -1 J -;vl I.12 Isaw a number npon which water is drawn (I 'L') [from of garments, or pieces of cloth, and of beds, or 9. & l and t Ut31 It (water) poured out, or a rell ~c.]: (S, TA:) a camel that carries the like, put together in regular order, or piled up. water (LWjI L,j ) from a river or canal or forth. (TA.) (A.) See e.A. _ . couch-frame, or a nwell to irrigate seed-produce; so called because 11: see9. it is a means of moistening [or allaying] thirst raisedcouch, ( J.. ,)upon which goods, hou.ehold. i A mark, or eect, that remains upon a goods, or commodities, are put one upon another, by the water which it carries: (Mb :) the female is called 'g...6 (S, ~Mb) and 'a [q. v.]: garment or other thing, (Aboo-'Othmin Et- (S, L, K,) or put, or set, together, in regular order, or piled up: (A, L:) or simply, a couch( :) pl. ,ly. (Mqb.) - Afterwards applied Towwazee, ~, j,) as the body, (TA,) from per.fume, (II,) or mire, or a soil or pollution: (TA:) frame, or raised couch; (,., ;) so called because to Any camel: as in the following instance, or from blood, and saffron, and mud, and the the things so termed are generally put upon it: occurring in a trad.,.; bu d;,i Giwv him G . , or a thling resembling like: being with water, and with anything (L, Msb :) or a thy camel to eat. (Mqb.) See . this, upon which garments and oiusehold-goods thin, such as vinegar and the like. (AA.) [See are put, one upon another, or together. (L.) _ .;~, i (L, g) as also .. , (IABr, L,) also ofri. Glory; hlonour; dignity; might; or 0 Ao ai. A rain; a shower of rain. (,I. vulg. V 1;I, (Az,) ;. q. 31 (IA9r, L, [in power; (A;) eminence; or nobility. (..)-





2808 :) applied to . Eminent; or noble: (L, (L.) - Also, (A, L,) and idI. a man: pl. the pl., (S, A, L,) :A man's paternal and maternal uncles (q, A, L) preeminent in nobility. Also, the pl., :The party, or (?, L.) company, (L,!,) and number, (A, L, ]J,) and auxiliaries, or asistants, (A,) of a people, (L, .,) or of a man: (A:) and the sing. and pt., companies,or congregated bodies, of men. (A.) she-camel; (1;) likened to a A _ " ;Afat couch-frame, or a raised couch, upon which are

[Boox I. heacrs it :] (S, Mgh, S,Mnb, 1, and anything, TA,) was, or became, reading, and TA, in explanation of both readbeautifid (S, M sb, 1,) and bright: (S* [see ings:) or t may God make to have a good rank in explanation of the latter

the things termed P.; (TA;) as also V and f ~t to be and * (I4.) _- .WLd, of mountains, Stones, such as with a usage of mentioned below. And in like manner, when snotter. (~, (.$, L, said of life, it signifies It weas, or became plentiful called s}~ ', one one upon uponanother. are called L, J.s14., are J K.) Also, of clouds, Portions piled up, one · .. ~ and ~laant and ea.y.] ~ .b oa-i, (, , (Ar, and pleasant and easy] = (L.) above another: (S, L, IK :) sing. . n~,) aor. t, (Msb) inf.n.r; .S, A, Msb, o ;, (S, A, 1,) or this has an (TA;) and t ;,~.: see . and ki'5. [or andy ~b,,)) and * " ,[or (Mqb,yl, ~ 4 (M -.' and ' and the last has an intensive signification, as is shewn above,] Goods, household-goods, or cammodities, (K,) put one upon another: (Mob, ]:) [or put, or set, together, in regular order, or piled ip: and the last, piut one upon another, or side - . ... a in l! szide, compactly: see 1]. _- .,


3y.. below] or, when said of a face, tropically or station &c. (Mgh, in explanation of the forused, (A,) signiifying as above: (TA:) or ! it mnier reading.) was, or became, beautiful and fresh: or beettiftil and fine-skinned, so that the blood appeared _1 a : see oyai, throughout. 2. : (A:) or [through the skin]: syn. .,; , in two places. = ,, 4. 1: sec said of a tree, its pleasant: (Fr:) and j.l, foliage beeame gren. (TA.) - [When said of 1l: sec , throughout. a man, sometimes signifying Hle was, or became, in a state of enjoyment, or in a plentiful y~ (S, A, M b, O) and ;'i (s, A, K, [iu (S,, 1) and pleasant and ealy state of life; agreeably tihe C.KjL1] and TA) and '.j~"u
gh skin th : sy . .bk.

' [ (I [without tenween, though this is and 4V~ not shown in the IC, as it is originally an epithet, though it may be obsolete as an epithet,]) Gold; (S, A, Mob, IK;) as also 4'Lt; : (Es-Sukkaree:)

intensive signification; (;)

the .Kur, [I. 10,] Spadices of palm-trees [having theirloivers.] compacted, or compactly disposed; (L;) yet in their envelopes; (Fr, L;) for when they have come forth thercfrom they cease to be -~ (L-.)

etii L.) -



, 0 U., .-.

in the




[lvi. 28,] Gem-acacias haviug ,ruit or leaves closely set, one above another, fron bottom to top, without their trunks being apparent below. . , ; , - . ,, . * .." ' , & , ;.9 L, (L.)The trees of paradise are closely set ;rith leaves nndefruit, one abow another, ',ottom to top, itou ne e anoPo habv to P, kout han?Ug trunks ap/parent: (L, from a . (Jel, lvi. 20.) trad. :) amid simailarly *
o,; A pillow: and any stuiffed article of household furniture: (L, 1 :) pl. AJL: and . isusedas ~ (L.)(El-IHasan ' a cil. o, is used as a coil. n. (L.)




see s.e,

), p: Pearlk a,.ranged. or pnt together, in Sec O. regular ordler. (A.)

in the lg, and) t ;tL. signifies what is pure, (S, A, K,) of gold &c, (A,) or of native or unwrought gold or silver, (Lth, K,) and of wood, (Lth,) or of anything: (S:) and is used as an t epithet, applied to gold: (TA :) and 4 the Mgh and TA, and of the 4 second, as men- [n. un. of ] signifies a molten pliece of guld. tioned by Ay, and En-Nad.r and Sh, &c.,and (TA.) of the V third, as mentioned in thc TA,) is G(od .0. made himn to have eL}joyiment, or plentful and scc, Li. j,: (S, Mgh, pleasant and easy lefe, syn. d; ' lBeauty ($, Msb, K,) and brightness: [which significs the (8, TA:) so in the 1Iur, lxxvi. 11. (Jel.) [The Myb, TA;) or IMU dLi ... same]: (A'Obeyd :) or 01 o u, (El-Azdee, above explanation in the Myb and IS, "beauty," . Mgh,) and 1 '' o~,(El-Hasan EI-Muaddib, is evidently imperfect. Accord. to the MSsb, the TA,) r signifies t God made his rank, or station, word is a simple subst., not an int] n.] t Pleasantgood (EI-Azdee, EI-Hasan El-Muniddib, Mgh, ness of countenance;-._ J .i t The beauty .o* of cUcharacterist,ic of aspcet and TA,) among mankind: (El-Hlasan El-Muiiddib, TA:) not relating to beauty of the face; (El- .Joynment, or of a plentiful and pleasant and easy Azdee, El-l.Iasan EI-Muiiddib, Mgh, TA:) but state of existence: so in the Kunr, lxxxiii. 24: (Bd, Jel :) or the brigltness, or glistening, and j is siilar to he sayin, moisture ( I, ) [upon the shinu] characteristic ll [which see explained in art. ,.3]. thereqf. (Fr.) _- E,joymcet; or a plentiful o. QC. A. cites this EI-Muaiddib, TA.) [in tilhe and plea.sant and easy life; syn. verse: CK a.]. (A, K.) _- lticlhn.e.u; or comlietec,e or sRtieenry. (A, K.) - Life. (A, K.) = See -, * alsoy,i. *

1 (IAar, S, A, ;) when the pronoun relates to the face, (IAar, S, A,) in whichi case it is tropical, (A,) [or to a tree, or colour, as is implied in the l,] God made it beautifel (., A, l5,) and bright. (8,* TA.) - When the pronoun relates to a man, the meaning (of the first of these three forms, as mentioned by En-Nadr and Sh and in


or silver; (K;) as also t;Li: (Es-Sukkaree:) or gencrally the former: (TA:) pl. [of pauc.] l; (of the first, S.) °*", (S, K,) and [of mult.] jL;W: (. :) or (so accord. to the S and A, but







aor. S A,

(1Aqr, 8,A, MI),l; and , nor. '; and , aor.:; .0 A. K ;) n~(IAr, S,
1.,aor. ', the last [also] mentioned by A'Obcyd; (S ;)



[.lMay God grant e!joy3ment to bones which they havte buried in Sijistan: (I mean) Tal.nt-efandTalabdit]. (TA.) And it is said in a trnd.,


; eachi in two places.


;% also.,
: see .t.,

i 1. i11aW. - 4 S, A,*Mgh, M h,Ta)or A, J&I~~3, ,(Sh TA,) or jn,, (Sh,S, .,>. #
in ,which latter we read ,. in the place

in two places: ~

and see

(Sli, S, in wliieh latter we read 1>M1 in the place . ,. . and A, in which we find inf.inf. n. (A, L, Mob, K) in the yL, (A, L, g) and of the the first; first, (%S, (', of l,n (l, A, A, Iyb, N~b, ]g,) I,) of n. ;Wti, it./, (S, Ml);) and ;g.' (.g) and ,~, (S, A, ,) of place of l~., and Mgh; the reading t r! and V ., (A, L,) [being epithets from . and
the second, (S,) or this is a simple subst, (Msb,) (TA,) [also of the second;] and y., and ,, il; (IAar, L,], (K ;) [ofthe third;] and t TA;) It (a tree, A, ], and a plant, A, anid C.lim. TA - and a colour. K. and a face. 1Aar.
--- 7 ---~ ----------1 .


alone being given in the copies which I have of the S and A;) lfay God cause to have e,joyment, or a plentiful and pleasant and easy life, [the setrant, or man, telwho whears what I say, and keeps it in mnind, tlhen conveys it to him n,ho
· a-

accord. respectively,] and '..l, . and j, to the g, but in the pilace of this we find in the corresponding passage in the L the verb yrI, with the addition "is like ," (TA,) Beautiful

Boox I.] (M 9b, K) and brilht. (TA.) So iu the ]lur, *.-. 0 +t Faces on that .L .b lxxv. 22, day shall be beautiful and bright: (Bd, Jel:) or shining by reason of enjoyment, or of a beautiful and pleasant and easy state of existence. (Fr.) [These epithets have also other, similar, esignifications, shown by explanations of r. and its variations.] L;.) (TA,) and j/ tropical. is coupled with ,au, as

28O9 S

,. 1 ..



(L), L:) you say also


' a,

well as

an epithet applied to a boy, (A,) and aso

with iiA, applied to a girl, (A,) and so we; (TA ;) and thus used are (A.) ._-. also signifies Intene in l [intense, greeness: (1:) you say.ybLi

A sheep or goat Also (L)_ a-_.. (Az) smitten with t horn and so killed, (Az, ,) [We smote him on the tendon of the upper part and of which the flesh is therefore unlawful to be of his shoulders: we sler him: we slew him: me eaten: (Az:) the ; is added because it is made a subst., not an epithet: (Az:) or because the slew him]. 4 UW signifies: (J. (TA.) quality of a subet. predominates in it, as in the · i ;, and ;hG, sing. of 4Jly1 in the fol- case of I . (e.) aand nd and lowing sense: (TA:) The lhole that are mad. and t ei t What comea to thieefrom before thee, in a thing fwith rwhich one clears, or clarifies, [i.e. (or faces thee, L,) of birds and mild animal. strains, or filters], and through which what is L, 10) c., which one rouwe by thro,ing a (8, cleared [or strained]passesforth: (V :) the holes atone or by crying out, and from the couns of c. (TA.) - See;i. , of a strainerforwine, which one aulrg s eml or good: (L:) contr. of

.. - Lyh:-tp ---

l.l 4 strainer; a and ;~L. - and *S' or bright, green], (S, 19,) like as you say adual colander. (.1.) ,a : (S:) and in like i!3i and c.I Stupid; foolish; of little sense: (V:) ;ac. manner it is used as an intensive epithet applied an epithet applied to a man. (TA.) .. l [intense, or to any colour: you say U bright, red], and






or t

uliis of evil An unfortunate,

omen.] -

Hence, (TA,) 5` i

'°s' [intense, or bright,

yellow]: (] :) so says lAar: (TA:) or .r . j, (S, L, ] (:) if there be but one, it is called Si;5 1. AJ, aor. - and , (S, 1,) inf. n. ..1L signifies smooth green, accord. to A'Obeyd, him L) smote the like, L, and (a ram, S, (S,) He iUkUIJ; and this is not disliked; (s;) or it is and Az adds, glistening in its clearness. (TA.) . th his horn. (..) _ w,f ,'.q ? called i;.L; and the horse, .lej'. (L.) : - and seeeL. seea . ,: Xj3J [A Iwrned animal did not smite with its horn

A'horse having or unlucky, man. (.) -_ a blaze, or white mark on Ais face, extending to one of his ears, which is deemed unlucky: (L:) or a horse having on his forhcad two circularor ;), which are disliked: spiral curl, of hair (wOVL

[,.i., dec.
See Supplement.] t'13

for him a hornle ewe]: a proverb, said of him who has perished unavenged. (L.) [See also Freytsg's Arab. Prov., ii. 507.] -_ e SHe pushed him, or thrust him, a way.fiom him, and remowed him. (A.)

.L4 [A ram that smites much with his tUr [signifies the same: and] horn]: ( :) and V is applied to a man [app. as meaning who pud~e, thrusts, or repels, much, or veheinmtly]. (IA;r, TA in art. o,y..)


4t' 1 distreng evaent, befel him. (S.) 'l;,; TA,) He incited S [There happened to us in the market a contention The difficulti,d c., of fortun. (S.)_ (inf. n. 3./L.", them against each other, (15,) and acted in an evil like that of twoo rams]. (A.) -_ [ He, or [The two stars called] 0.1,~1, [q.v.,] *ljU tA or miicrhievo manner towards them. (TA.) it,faced, or rwas or came opposite to him, or it]: which are [the twvo stars in] the tno horm of tlJ; is syn. with iletj' in the dial. of El.-ij6z. Arise: ($, 1.:) [the irst of the Manio~ of the 4: see1. (TA.) Moon: the latter is Pf, and the formera:] ISd a. i.q. &.L,'i.e.,A single act of piercing, l is a star 7hich is one of the t says, that? or pecking, writh the bea k, of a cock, &c. (Az.) and J~..JI, S[The 'Jl ?~l3, 6: see 8.--l Manions oJ the Moon, and from [the auroral .,ti The head. (Th, 15.) Respecting the waves, and the torrents, conflwcted, or dadsed rising of ] whic/h one augurs evil: and IA*r says, together.] (A.) saying of El-Jo'eyd El-Muradee, that one says, & ° and .L, without and with 8. ,, lJ.I -- K:J;1, and 'y,:..b, (S, V,) The Jl; and the like in the case of the name of any rams smote one another with their horna (].) of the Mansions of the Moon. (TA.) The

(L, Myb) and '", 3. h6, in£ n. tl (Mb,) They two (rams or he-goats) smote each 5tIi; Lt other with their horns. (L.) 1. 4i. (aor. ', inf. n. L, TA,) He struck [Bestween them two is a contention like that of "Ji1 [orfilipped] hi.searwithhisfinger. (15.) ?* -8, .-g ·. od two ramns]; said of two learned men, and of two asl, and ;l, and J 1 , signify the same. (AA.) --~J.i aS U' merchants. (A.) -~L



tJ ijl; A certain circular or piral curl
of hair on a horse, which is deemed unlucky. I A dialculty; a (L.) [See l".] -_ distressing event; an aOffiction; a calamity: pl. . (S, 0) EBx. Hi; &iloA dOcuy, or


lSk says, No one has explained it, and the reading better known is a,4elW ,L, meaning "notwiththat was in him :" standing the sweetness (r,.) for the man spoken of was going in to a bride of the tribe of Mur/d: but accord. to some, U.,l; here signifies The tendon of the neck; syn. J on the authority of Aboois1l; so in the 15,

t J t[When '. [foo se-goats will not, in Arabs said , _ji ,l tU become house-top the aurorally, ri~ En-Nat-h it, smite each other with their lurn]: i.e., two weak persons will not encounter each other in it: pleasant as a place on which to sit in the evening, alluding to a case in which there will not happen or on which to sleep]. (A.) _ :.U ' ; ),j any discord or contention. (L, from a trad.) i.u He has neither sdep, or goat, nor cameL. Wi: I>j'

"i Smitten wth tahe horn and so hillUed: fern. 'Adnin alone; or .Wjtl 3j., accord. to IAr, (L) and t.f: with : (L, ]:) pl. who cites this verse:




M9b,) aor. -, (TA,) inf. n. ; 354*


[Boox I.

(IItt, Mtb, 5) and 3"Uj,
or watched,

ins, (IItt, Meb, 1,) and palnm- things or impurities: (AV, S :) or he shunned, or e~quisite, refined, or scrupulously nice and exact removed himself far from, unclean things: (M, (.-WVI v*nE-) in cleanliness, and in speech, and tree, (1,) and ed-,produce. (TA.) See *% A, ]:) and he was dainty, nice, exquisite, refined, in diet and apparel, and in all affairs. (I,* and ;~. or scrupulously nice, and exact, syn. i.3, (A., TA.) See 5. 3;lu, with the unpointed X, signifies The act M, A, ],) in cleanliness; (I;) and in speech, of guarding, or ratching with the eyes : and hence (A, K,) so at never to speak othern,ise than 0P : chlastely; (TA;) and in diet and apparel, (A, 1.,) (IA9r, Myb, TA.) the word t;,L. so as never to eat or near anything but wvhat nas ,: with fe-hb, [Natron;] the 4rmenian clean, (A,) or so as never to eat anything but i s;, througlout. see ,, wear anything but what was n,hat was clean nor Oj;, or pjW; (thus differently written here in a I-- .,i U, ' different copies of the ]K ;) or [rather] the good; (TA;) and in all affairs. (K.) It is J ' L iai: (V, art. j3:) the best kind [of said in a trad. of'Omar, `it; Egyptia"n j:

(fgh, 1,) He kept, himself, or in remnomng himself far from unclean farfrom, unclean things, and is very dainty, nice,

is the Armenian, which is soft, or fragile, jj] light, and white: then the rose-coloured: and the strongest is the Ifreekee: there is a kind found in Egypt, in two places: one of these is in the western part of the country, in the neighbourhood of a district called Et-Tarraneb; and it is transparent, green and red; the green being the more in request; the other is in [the district called] El-Falooseeyeh; and this is not so good as the


) I)

l, (S, M,) i.e., Were it not for the

being scrupulously nice and exact, I had not cared


(accord. to one copy of the S, and the

L, and the CIK, and a MS. copy of the .,) or for my not washing my hand. (M.) - ,J (accord. to the TA, as from the I.) or ei dHe exanined it (anything) minutely. (A.) * .,~,i, both, (accord. to one copy of the S,) A spnJ, rlho d JaJ, (S,) or 1L&1 X &, (M, A,) -Ltc1l searchesfor nen;w, or tidings, and then brings them. lIe searched, or sought, for, or after, news, or ($, L, 1, TA.) tidings; searched or inquired into, investigated, scrutinized, or examnined, nens, or tidings. (S, ~,u;: see , M, A.) former. (TA.) [See also j.] ,;u see ,,LJ, in two places. set up in the midst of ;t: A scarecrow (jt.) places; l.;L-: see ,i; the former, in two seed-produce. (?gh, ].) and the latter, in four. Larned, or knowing.; (A, V;) as also Ci.a; an imitative sequent to K ;) not used alone. ($, art ,; s..) lU and -UJ-;(" ,

(A, K) and t ; ()0 and t ,.. ji,t A keeper, or watcher, (S, Msb, V, c.,) of isee, (?, ]g,) and of palm-trees, (9I,) and of t 5U.; : (l :) or learned,or knoring, in af'airs, seed-produce: (Myb, TA:) as also and t a : and skilful therein: as also t ,j BAri', Myb) and *.t;.: (e, I:) pi. (of the first, (ISk, TA:) intelligent, or skhi/fl, and scrupulously A, Myb, g) and (of the last, nice and exact (j;), TA)_I5 hi (Az, in affairs: (A:) or one TA) ;Ut and ai'L. and i;jL: (I:) it is a foreign rho examines things minutely, and attains the z 2 (El-

[&,a, &c
See Supplement.]

word, (_~t, IC,) not pure Arabic, (TA,) of utmost knowledge of them: as also t.i
the dial. of the people of Es-SawAd: (Lth, Mob, TA:) Az says, I know not whether it be taken from the language of the people of Es-Sawid or be Arabic: (TA:) accord. to Aljn, it is Arabic: (TA:) and IABr says, that it is from ;,L, meaning as explained above: (Mqb, TA:) IDrd says, that it is with Ji, (A, Msb,) from jJil; (A;) but in the language of the Nabatheans with X; (Myb;) that the Nabatheans change the former letter into b. (A.) ijLi: see ;jsU.

1. JI.,;i&, ($, M, A, Mob, ],) and 1;, (M, and (S:) or learned,or knowing, in affairs: A, M,b, g,) aor. ', (M, A, &c.,) and ;i. is t ~. ·4 : in the dial. of certain Arabs, substituted for j.l% skilful in physic 4c.; as also t' 1 and 1 4; (I Drd, TS, g,) or, accord, to Lb, in the Bughye:(Q, A, , TA) el-Amal, the · is here added only [by poetic (M:) or t #, and t oT: , (A'Obeyd, license,] to make the sound of the dammeh full, t (S, TA) and & and 9 agreeably with other instances; (TA;) and S,)a student ofphysic, (S, , TA,) ,vho examines being it minutely; (TA;) or learned, or knowing, in flIl~", and i0, aor. :, (A, I,) the verb ' accord. to the correct copies of the], physic; in Greek ,.AL.J [w,anOs]: (A, TA :) like one who is dainty, nice, exquidite, [and so in the A,] but in one copy of the ], like and t , ), ,.~,; (TA;) inf. n. li, (S, M, A, Myb, l,) refined, or scrupulously nice and exact ( and who clwooes or selects [rvhat is best]; (IAar ;) or any one who tahes extraordinary pains, or exceeds the usual bounds, in a thing: (M:) also t Ja1, [without teshdeed,] a skilful mai: and "i is allowable, as a contraction of the former, (Lth,) and It¢.; (S, Jg,) and ii (M, , (M,P,) [which last A, ]) and oji, and ;Ut is an intensive form; lie loolked at, or towards, in order to see, him, or it;] he considered, or (TA:) and 9 -, Ipl. ofl.iAj or ; or ,.1,] vicewed, him or it nrith his eye; ($, A, ;) with Also, One woho skilful physicians. (A, f1.)the sight of the eye; (Msb;) [i.e. looked at him shuns, or removes himselffarfrom, unclean things; or it;] as also * Ji;j: (.K:) and Vspi"' sig(1~, TA;) wrho i/ scrupulously nice and exact and Aii [but app. in nifies the same as ji;(jt.) in affairs: (TA:) and '.Ja a woman another sense, to be mentioned below, and not in who shuns, or removes herselffarfrom, foul, evil, the sense explained above, though the latter is [pl. implied in the TA; and the same may be meant or unseemly, things: (AA, TA:) and il, of ,Jm,] men who do thus: (, TA:) and V; when it is said that $ i; is syn. withAji. if this a man who shuns much, or removes himself very assertion, whIich I find in the M, have been copied 1


aor. :, (;, K,) inf. n.dJ, (S,) He a,J,

nwas, or became, learned, or knowing, (i,) in oaffair, and skilful therein: (TA:) or he exa,nined things minutely, and attained the utmost

knowledge of them. (S.)
4. ;1^ . Homr intelligent and knowi,g is he in affairs! (TA.) 5. v ;; He took extraordinary paint, or exceeded the usual bounds, in cleansingor purifying

Boox I.] without consideration, and be not confirmed by an example]: (TA:) or . 1. 'rii signifies Ae a'. [or directed,] his extended, or stretched, or raied, sight towards him or it, lwhether he a i or n did not ee him. (TA.) The usage of *1 as relating to the sight is most common with the vulgar, but not with persons of distinction, who use it more in another sense, to be explained below and consideration,intellectually, or with the mind: (TA:) [this remark, however, is not altogether correct, as asmay may be be seen seen from from what what follows: followrs: the correct, the truth seems to be, that . and dJ may truth sedm in theatte be of ~ad . ! f~ my e used in the latter of these two senses, though 6 ;h; is most common in this sense.] It is said in the ]ur, [x. 101,] .. a2a, i t ay, Consderyewhatsn the heavens. (TA.)

2811 (another) rwanted. (M,b.) -

with ? o,jW, q.v.
Also ;

is also syn. Also syn. with L,, q.v. (TA ;) or


, (1!, TA,) inf. n. .i;

t oj.&; (so in a copy of the M, and in the Ci;

but from the mention of the inf n. in the TA, the former seems to be the right aesding;) He sokl it (a thing, M) with postponemet of the payment ; he sold it upon credit. (M,' g, TA.) See also *...Ji [H looke t Say, Co~aeyenwhatisintleheawnxn. (TA.) (TA.) You say, ;.l.. ;;i l 1 [Hle loobed And you say, dJ. lHe sdaw it, and t thoupht 4. - [In these last three acceptations, accord. to at him, or towards him, nith one sweet look.] the A, the verb is used properly, not tropically.] (a.) i,od i , upon it, and endeavoured to understandit, or to He was, or became, afected by ,vhat is (A.) And .U;L I ) .ij [He looked in the kon, its result. (TA.) [And lIe looked to it, a~ mirror]. (A.) And .lr ! .s J [ lel looked or at it, or examined it, intellectually; regarded termed a Li; (l., TA;) i.e., a stroke of an into, or inspected, the nriiting or book], (A, Meb,) it; had a view to it.] And ,Ji t He con- [evil] eye; (TA;) [or of an evil eys east by a which is for .,o.t~.l .a ji JIij [he looked silered it: (TA:) or tbought upon it; namely a jinnee;] or a touch, or slight taint of insanity, from the jinn; (K.;) or a swoon. (K, TA.) at ,hlat was written in the nwriting or book], or writing or book; or when such is thc object it has a different meaning to be explained below. may have another meaning, explained before; 2: see 1, last signification but one. -_ & i (Msb.) And '.*i.. [lit., lie looks around and an affair: and with this is held to accord the [.He said of it ;i si, q.v.]. (TA passim.) himn; meaning,] hle looks much. (A.) [See also saying ;Jj 4;, q.v. infrA, voce,Jij: (Msb:) 3. il inf n. M (T, i; below.] _ o;l 4.i, ) He (S,gh, K,) and and t he thought upon it, measuringit, or comnconsidered, or examined, or investigated, wtrith him ;l Zp ;, ,and and ~ *-:P.,(A ~(A,) 1 The earth, Cft4pii~ ,0 paring it. (M, ], TK. In the M and K, only a thing or an a.fair, to see how theyshould do it: ~or (A, land, .Sg,~ Msed tothe teyethec. . eyVe ~K) inf. n., or land, showved (A, Sgl, 1~) to ( 1h ~te n. . AU, of the verb in this sense is men(T,TA:) he investigated, or examined, with hima its plants or herbage. (A, @gh, K) _ 5 1 tioned.) And ie con- thring, and emulated him, or vied with him, in t looked meaing toward, face, i or it. sidered, or examined, [or estimated,] thepossessions toing so, eacha of them adducing his opinion: .. s'"' ., of the orphans,in order to know them. (Msb.) So in the Kur, [vii. 19 .. tlooke , .. 10Q1J .. ,. TA:) [he held a diseusion with him respecting a 80 in the Kur, [vi'. 195-7,] * 4g ''.',ya And similar to tiis is the phrase [in the gur, t hing:] or 6J.W is syn. with ~J.: (Mqb:) or ' Thou seest them looh towards thee, xxxvii. 86''] . manig, And 6 xxvn ,]A,.a 9< oJs J5& -, meaning, tAned ;>b;, signifies the examining mentally, or invesi.e.,face thee, but they sce not; referring to idols, he examined the sciene of the stars: (Mb :) [or t I igating, by twno parties, the relation between two ~ ~ ~~~~~r And you vou say, lie accord. to accord.~ the scienc stray,5)[o A'Obeyd. (TA.) And he examine took a mental viem of the setarsr, as if to divine t Minqx, in order to evince the tntruth; (KT; andl ,. .*'j.; I ! ihousefazcesthe louse fiom them.] .ii,. when used unrestrictedly by Kull, p. 342;) and sometimes with one's self; of such a one. (S.) A.nd 'k.ll '~"J.l; $The those who treat of schlolastic theology means but J..1~... signifies the disputing respecting a mousntainfacedthee: (A:) asinthefollowing ecx.: ;.lte t ink upon a thing, and enluestion of science for the purpose of convincing tl Thte thiki un. tht, n he opponent, whether what lie says be wrong in 1 ';. ,J! '~.l j. °, i IJ, '~'5' * dleavvuring to understandit, or to knovw its result; i d tself or not. (Kiull.) - Also gii [t le, or it, &,> [ When thou takest such a or judlginp of nrhat is hiddlen fromn w-hat i.s pp .o) l . ! road, and the mountain farexs thee, then talkecthou parent; or reasoning from analogy]. (MF.) 1oked torrards,orfaced, him or it; was opposite, I ;,.. , in. . J. ap o the way by the ri.qht of it or ihe left of it.] (,.) r corresponded, to him or it. (See .*J.)] i, inf. n. '; [app. for b A o I U ' . '0 ,* -,.I lie was, or became, like him: (A, K:) or like _ [Hence, perhaps,] J p ,~t &l i t* Ie judged betneen them. (.) a ,,sti [app. meaning, t Fortune opposed in discourse or dialogue. (TA.) the ,iJ, (TA,) inf. n. .J, 4 tSlhe practixed divina- .im h .5, . . 51 ons of such a one and destro!lal thcm/]: (S [imme- tion; Ji :,bJt' :An army that is nearly equal to a (K,* TA;) which is a kind of examination U d intely following tihere the cx.whiichi immedtliately with insight and skill. (TA, from a trad.) __ tl iousand. (A.) _ '1e manode,
-ieea -


P .l.J4I iJ. signifies A': :J [Look thou out for sucelh a one for olr called, such a one like such a one. (i.) ml,recedes it here :]) or , ! Fortune destroyed them: (M, A:) but (says me;] seek thouforme such a one. (A, TA.) lence the saying of Ez-Zuhree, (s,) Mohammad I Sd) I am not certain of this. (M.) _-c t Listen thou to me. (M, n, TA [in the f,l 1 bn-Shililb, (TA,) _ U b t .j aIso signifies t The turning the mnind in rarioux . T like CK, erroneously, S . l.]) The verb [says Ut ~, i.e., Thou tshalt not call anythinlg ireetions in orderto perceite a thing [mentally], di he book of God, nor like the rords of the apostle ai nd the seeing a thing: and sometimes it meansy ISd] ISd]has hs this this meaning menin ininthe the Kum', ii. ii.98. . (L) (M.) tl, God: f (A'Obeyd, T, n:) or thou shaltnot the considering and investigating: [and asa ' . M u Jl tl[lit., I look to God, c ubst., spculation, or intellectual examination:] then to thee; meaning,] ! I lookfor the bounty of baompare anything, nor call anything like, to the ag wok of God, &c.: (A,) or thou shalt not apply nd sometimes, t the knon,ledge that results from God, then for thy bounty. (A.) _4i 1'Uo Jm [arught of] the book of God, nor the words of the peculation or] investigation. (El-Bnsaiir.) It * God chosm him, and compasionated him, pitied lostle of God, as al a proverb to a thing thtat mostly used as relating to the intellect by hh him, or'reyarded him nrith merry; because looking appens: (A'Obeyd, T, K; in which last, we ersons of ons distinction; and as relating relating to the.. of distinction;at and as to the at aotiher is indicative of love, and not doing so re ad . , ,,.h in 1 the place of the right reading, ght, most commonly by the vulgar. (TA.) isindicativeoflhatred: (lAth:) ortGodbestowtved , .. ../ .otJ: J TA:) for, as IbrAheem En-Nakha'ee [I It is said tbat] when you suy d. > ,; it benefitsupon him; poured blessings, or fatvours, y%, they used to dislike the mentioning a verse means only [I lookhed at, or torardsx, hlin or it] upon him: (El-Basair:) and *J hco- ofa u~~~~~~~~~~~pon E-aM )adj.'~~!he ttm corn of the Kur-in on the occasion of anything hapa'i ith the eye: but when you say Jlh Wi, pasuionated them, and aided themn; ($gh, ;) pe 5 ning, of worldly events; (T;) as a person's it may mean [t I looked into, inspected, examined, and simply, he aided them: (. ,TA:) anddJ 4i on sa ying to one who has come at a time desired by or investigated, the thing or affair] by thought the accomplished his want,or that which he th4 former, e (TA,) or to one named Moosh, who

[Boox I. 2812 hu compe at a time desired, (,) l it ieJ [Thou bhst come at a time appointed, O t~ Mood&: (]~ur, xx. 42:)] (T, 1:) and the like: (T:) but the first explanation is the most probable. (TA, as from Az; but I do not find it in the T.) 4. .1 1 [He, or it, Nas made like]. .Ji t You (T.) Vl lalso signifies The expecting, or waiting for, a thing: (TA:) or the expecting, or waiting for, a thAing expected: (M, ], TA:) or , 403 signifies he ecrpected, or waited for, (j&i;;l,) him, or it, leisurely; and so t i; strokeof an [evil] eye: (TA:) a stroke of an [ei] eye by rhich one is .affctedfrom the jinn's : (T:) looking at him; (T, S;*) as also i' of infection or taint slight or a touch, or a insanity, (J31Uj,) from the jinn: or a swoon. (M, ].) - An alteration of tit body or com;; p i jl ($ ) You say also, 1 plezion by emaciation or hunger or fravel &c. , in the last of which (M, A, I, in art. , (S, M, l0.) - Foulnes; ugliness: (AA, TA :) ewpected, for, k looked [He qJ) is added evilness; or badnes, of fvrm or appearance: a to evil fault; a defect; an imperfection. (M, ]~.) awaited, or waitedfor, something good or - t Reverence, veneration, awe, orfear. (IA'r, befall him, or betide him]. T, .).-- t Compassion; pity; mercy. (IAyr, 10. &1;;l: see 8, last dsignification but one. T, Ii.) - He asked of him, or dsrired of him, a postponement, or delay. (M, A, ]p) ;,+ A postponement; a delay. (T, $, M, It is said in the ]ur, [ii. 280,] A man says to another, Msb, J].) ;j;;: see ;c; J&.j [Then let there be a postlike the word used in :.~. [or perhaps , ponement, or delay, until he shall be in an reply to it, here following, and like $1& and easy state of circumstance]; (T, M, Mqb;) meaning, I sell,] and the other says, AJ;, (Msb:) and (T,) or . i.e., ;tU, meaning, Grant me a delay (;i;i) that I accord. to another reading, t 3tW; like ) of thee. (M, TA.) i may buy ( S2 Jil-i, in the lur, lvi. 2. (M.) You say He sold to him the ;i see 1. [Used as a subst., as well as when also, ;i, he used as an in£ n.,] it has no pi. (8b, in TA, thing with postponement of the payment; And (M.) credit. upon thing the F, S We old to him j , andv;a .L voce ; .) .... 4


a;'i 1 i C. [Thia I made like]: (T, been has was not like this, but ji,1 JM j1 :) like as you say,





He postponed him; 4 ;JI.. (T.) m j he granted Aim delayed him: (M, A, M9b, :) a delay or respite; let him alone, or left him, for a wh.ile: (T, TA:) as, for instance, a debtor, (T, Msb, TA,) and a man in difficult signifies the circumstances: (TA:) and t ;i I I:,SA same. (Msb.) You say, J 1 solrl to him a thing, and granted him a delay. (T.) And a person speaking says to him who ' me ui t' l Grant 1 hurries him, u,' said time to mallow myrpJttle. (T.) And it is

in the !ur, fxv. 36 and xxxviii. 80,]


ZlThn ddelay me ,mtil the day when they shaU be raiedfrom the dead. (TA.) sold to him a thing with -He See also 8.. tween B postponement of the payment; he sold to him a sar them. (A, T&) -;Jis l thing upon credit. (M.) See also 1, last sig- us is the etent of a look in respect of nearness. _ nification but one. r (1C, TA,) and (A, TA.) - AJL f (A,) J1m (S,) and )l'IJ?i jJ3 s 5: see 1, first signification. m See also 8. of which the o,) I A tribe near together, (, A, t They faced each other. (i.) 6. l1A seral portions ae one another. (?, A.) You say, i;, js A1;3 IThSe two hou faced M; t But it requires codration, by . Wj yo;, (8,) or reason of its want of clearness, or perspicuity: each other. (M.) And LLi.j, [which is the original form,] (A,) (Mqb:) [a phrase used to imply doubt, and also ~faced one anotter. (S, A.) - See to insinuate politely that the words to which it t Our hos


, jl


l w! W1,U, 1 boughg it of and

him woith postponement of the payment; I bought it of him upon credit. (T.)
~ lative kiowledge or science; t [Spcu *U k~ such as is acquired by study;] that of which the originationrests upon speculation, and acquisition by study; as the conception of the intellect or mind, and thl assent of the mind to the position, that the world ham had a beguniy. and to 5 .] (, T.) [It is opposed to v



Hes looked 8 . lJI: see 1, first sentence. for him; ezpected him; awaited him; waited for hir; atched for his presnce; syn. ,3L!.

=. , and vam thereof, see in rt.. ai, said , (MP, art. pO .)_i,L;l in a trad., o ne who has purchased a ewe or sbe-goat tbat bas been kept from being milked ,) an imp n., (T,) mean* , (, ,U&;, like .. for some days; meaning, t He ha the option of (T, I, ].) A; (M, 1;) and adopting the better of the t,o things; be may ing, Wait thou: syn. ;i. 0*>; (TA ;) and 1 tic signifies either retain it or return it. (TA.) s) i, ii; (sor. ', T &c., inf. n. ;AJ l and and 2t ;sis and the same; (T, M, A, M,b, ;) and so t l3, to female, or male ',jI A look: a quick look or glance: (T:) A chief person, whether respect[but TA;) (Zj, .,Jil; t and (M, A, I,) 'i cJjJ * (A.) Hence the trad., W*5JI3; whomonelooks. (M, .) You say, pl. ;1 idg the last two, see what is said below :] but peron Such aoneis t , [Thou f., and Ai . ; ;Jol = i'AJ,S . when you sy ,JAI without any objective comshalt not ma-e a look to follow a look; for the to whom his people look, (Fr, T, t,) and whom plement, the meaning is, [he rwaited; or] he former is thine of right, but the latter is not they imitate, or to whose eample they conform. paoued, and acted or behaved with deliberation, i. e., when thou bast once looked at any- (Fr, T.) All these words are also used in a pl. or in a patient, or leisurely, manner. (Lth, T.) thine: thou shalt not sense: (M, ]:) or [so in some copies of the ]; .U I tlbing forbidden, unintentionally, It is said in the gur, [lvii. 13,] *? look at it a second time]. (T, TA.) And the haiv but in others, and,] ;jcji and jJl bohave that me y~ ,; Wait for us . saying of a certain wise man, J.3 _J for their pl., (S, Q,) sometimes (g.) - Also, may tahe of your light: and accord. to Zj, tlg [He whose look does nol .J .1 l CJ, A man who neglects not to look at, (M, L, j,la'I [(which is another reading] is said tc produce an efect, his tongue does not produce mean the same: or the latter means dday u: a. (T;) meaning, that he who is nolt I,) or to conmider, (A,) that which, (M, A, L,) aeffect]; n restrained from a fault or offence by being looked i or him who, (,) disquists him, or. render him accord. to Fr, however, the Arabs say .aWy I.) (M, A, L, A olicitou ) a ittlc, at is not restrained by speech. (TA.) meaning Wait thou for me ( Oi;"t

relates are false, or wrong:] like



Boox I.]
; (S, A ;*) Vj;il j: SLoohing to, orfacing, another person or (V :) or the eye is called t , another the pl. of which is'it,. (A.) -JI LJ thing; opposite or. corresponding to --4 J some in and A the of and M the of copy a in (so . syn. , person or thing; as also t;lL; (so in some J l.., t The copies of the K,) or .J (A.) [Hence, . JI . ; and ;t il man dear of A TA,) the in and 1 the of copies nadir; the point opposite to the zenith.] ;lS (M, K :) gaze: a full writh suspicion, who looks $JI #;h or (M,) upbraided. LS 5,iJI signifies j,J or clear of that with wrhich he is He , mean to I JI Two veins at the trvo edges (A.) _- I .. lUl , (T,) [which I suppose wvho looks towards, or faces, thee; who is of the nose, commenringfiom the inner angles of opposite, or corresponds, to thee; or he towards tle eyes, towards the face. (Zj, in his Khalkc t A guardian; a whom thou lookest, &c., and who looks towards el-Insan.) - Also, >Lj thee, &c.: though susceptible of other interpreta- keeper; a 7atcher: (S, Msb:) and, as also - tLike; a like; a similar per- t tions: see 3.]_ (K, TA,) [which last is] 6J'j, i.q. ;J9;, son or thing: (AO, T, S, M, A, .K;) equal; a word of the Nabathean dialect. (TA.) an equal: (Myb:) applied to anything: (TA:) 5 [The dim. isnJ'.] You say, ;. ;" and .; ;) like .as also '; ; (AO, S, IK " !My eye (lit. my little eye) tI (T, *;j! dil and ylt .: (I:) few. ;.e: a;) (AO, flit bounty, then to you for for God to looking is M, A:) pl. masc., ii&: (M, A, Mhb, K:) your bounty. (A.) - In the lur, [lxxv. 23,] and pl. fern. ,'Uli, (T, A,) applied to words the words }7tC I ); ,jl have been explained A and to all things. (T.) You say, ) their Lord: as signifying Waitingfor ( j. Such a one is thy like. (T.) And IJi , (Msb,) ! Thit is the I14, (T,) or I1 equal of this. (Mb.) the like of this, (T,) or t I counted, or And ;Ui; .M JJ. one in pairs, or a such of numlbered, the camels two by two; (As, T,.K;*) if by looking at . ;; -. (As, T.) their aggregate, you say, ; ; : see ;3J&, in two places.

2813 ot ; ., (A,) [Verily he ha a aspect wiithout a pleasing internal state.] 7glea
L and ;eS


10-6, ij" j.LL.o A Ahigh place on owhich a person is stac ioned to watcth; (S;) a place on tih top of a tioned fnountain, nountain, rwhere a person observes and ncatcea 1 tthe [the pl.] eminences; 'he enemy: (T:) and ;j. )r elevated parts of the earth; or high grounds: or 'M, .:) because one looks from them. (M.) (M, Its application to A certainseparate place of omutndhouse, [generally an apartment on the a house, floor overlooking the court, and also a turret, or rather a belvedere, and any building, or apartment, a view,] is vulgar. (TA.) - See 7ommatiding commanding 4 in five places. ilso also tUi;. - And see ;i;,


see what next follows.

A, 0)and t 5 ,Z; (M, ~,) analogy, (M,) A man (M,) to contr. the latter 1. of goodly aspect. (M, k.) You say, .tls J-iz

Lj.;i;~ (6, M4,

i .t5~ [A man of goodly aspect and of pleasing internal, or intrinsic, qualities]; (S, A;) i.e., but this is a mistake; for.the Arabs do not say internal, (TA,artj^..) art ^.i.) j. (TA, and jj ~ in the sense of Ar3j",l but ,.:1 j/1 z,l in that sense. (T.) .;. they say LJ iLL!t ;Li.. A mirror(A, ]) in lwhich theface is seen. Also, A telescope; a thing in which (TA.) (TA.)nyhat nwhat is distant is seen [as though it were] near:

See also

i" see JW, in two places.

Also, A

scout, or scouts; (T, Bgh, I ;) and so t ;jy (igh, V:) pl. of both, tiW. (TA.) -Fern. uh ' -.' ,i (T, A, TA.) You say, of'e, q.v. (T, &c.). [And hence,] ,'1J in wrhich state a in is one a t I Such ~ TA:) .F4) [the pl.] The more ewcellent of men: (Q,* in a because they resemble one another in dispositions he likes (o be looked at and listened to [and andfood]. drink with satiqed is he which in state and actions and sayings. (TA.) aJ (T, A, TA.) And ,.iJ A4 l U a a jU/ :A horse (A, g) that raises his eye by Titou rast in a state [in] whackhthou likedst [to reason of his sharpness of spirit: (A:) or sharplooked at], aroay fr'oir this plare of abode. be spirited, and raising his eye. (T, i.) (T, TA.) - The atpect, or outward appearance, ' (S, art. _:) j A people looking at a thing; (B, g;) of a thirng; opposite of [when used absolutely, a pleasing, or goodly, . (1.) - See also U. as also t this apwect; or beauty of aspect; as also t J: AUi act. part. n. of ;ii;

J;lo A man looked at with an evil eye: (A, J,." TA;) .fected by what is termed a S;; (T, TA;) qfccted SjolhU: seej3W. ;) i. e., a strose of an [evil] eye; [or of an evil TA;) TA eye cstt by a jinnec; or a touch, or slight tabint of J.qi for i~6: see 1. itisanily,fiona te jinn;] or a smoon. (TA.) insanioy, [A place in wn!ich a thing is looked at]: A person, (T,) or chief person, (A,) rhoe~ bounty .i.o a place, or state, in which one likes to be looked at. is i. hoped for, (T, A,) and at whom etJes glance. A woman in wohom is a ;,iii, (A.) - ii ineaning, a fault, defect, or inmperfection. (IL,* meaning, TA.) '.:

;i jb: 5 seeclig.

vulgarly, . t



s..eej. pee
See Supplement.]

1. 1. .,

aor.: and ;, iAf. n.

an and

Looking; &.: pI. is implied by the unsage of 51Ji;", q.v., and is L [The pupil, or apple, well known :] or wrhat one looks at and is pleased _ t1$. (Msb.) (M, :) of the eye, the smallest black of the eye, by or displ,eaed by; as also t,ii: (~, Msb,) in mhich is [seen] wrhat is termed or the former, a thing that pleases and rejoices tie O,d Os-LC, (l,) [and] with rwhich the man beholder when he looks at it: (T :) and the latter, see; (MMb;) the black spot in the eye; (M, of a man rDhen one looks at it the a"pect (.J) 14 ;) the clear black spot that is in the middle and is pleased by it or displeased by it. (T, TA.') of the [main] black of the eye, nwith wtich W J [He has a goodly aspeot]. say, .~ . ; the looker sete hat he ses: or that part of the You [A j, and t;;j, L.. eye rowhich resembles a mirror, in ,hich, when (A.) And ,J duct a or (TA:) perwon: hi# faceta it, he one womon goody of aspect.] (S.) And . bi" ( * ) in the nose, mrren is the rowater o sight: , '& [nHis aspect is better than his internal (M, V:) [app. a loose description of the optic Z .Ji(T,) I.J A.) And ( nea :] or the sight itsdf: (M, :) or the eye: state].

K) and ,k;A (]g) and t:; and .,~j (S, (S, IS) Ile (a raven, or crow, ¥,A,) uttered a cry, K) .1Ie cried out, or croaked: (S:) or uttered the cry, or croak, that is asserted to be ominous of separation: [but see below :] or moved about his head without crying: (Meb:) he (a raven, or crow, or other m.jiio: animal,) cried out: or stretched out his ntck, and moved about his hlead, in crying out. (].) The of the raven, or crow, is said to be ominous .,r jof
of good;

and its j ", of evil. (Kiflyet elalso signifies t The neigaMutabaffidh.) Mutabaffi.dh. ) _- ". [The cock (TA.) 1 _- .JI ! a cromed] croned] is sometimes said, metaphorically. (S) J The chanterof the caU to prayer $21 t O~J1 _-- L:Jg*31
ing of a horse.

2814 stretched out his neck, and moved about his head described, or characterized,or designated, ($, ,:' ) in his cry. (A, L, .I.) -r,, aor. :, inf n1. a thing; (S;) syn. · lj : (S, V,:) or he describet e ~, He (a camel, IK) owent ith a quick pace : a thing by mentionintg wrlat was in it, or what i, t (g, I :) or, with a certain kind of pace: (V: ) possessed; whereas, in the i..i of a thing onee or he (a camel) moved about his head, in proceedin!7 may exaggerate: (L:) [Ile distinguished a person at a quirk rate; like a cj:. camel, raising hi I or a thing by an epithet: and hence, he qualjfed

[Boox I. to him, and goodly qualities, or properties, wrhich are causes, or occasions, of epithets]. (A.) [Ij , a phrase similar to lIj J4., meaning Like sth a thing. See an cx. voce '.] _;,J Anytthing excellent. (TA.) [lIence,]

d;, and ~, and V t , [in the head: (TA:) or, inf. n. .L;, he atretched out a substantive by an epithet: and he used a word as an epithet :} or he describeda thing by mention- Cg, -- -:i,, and t -I and , A his neck. (A.) Accord. to some, ,m signifiei Sing wrhat r'as in it that was good, or goodly; nott generous, or a fleet, or siVft, horse, that' ecels The moring of a she-camel's head forwardt in heA r with reference to what was bad, or foul, or ugly; in running, and outstrips others (.K.) [And so] march, or pace. [$, accord. to an excellent copy ', unless by a straining of the meaning one say t _ A beast of carriage, or a man, charac. in which the original words are thus given . f s.... _ .o ' :[ t: . .x; whereas %.L" is said with respect to teried, or distinguished, by that rwhich makes tJl It,lj 1) ,.a1 il 0 J'-: in another copy, what is good, or goodly, and what is bad, or foul, him to excel others of his kind: a horse deYI;J .Ja3; making ~ an epithet of a she. or ugly: (IAth:) or %AI signifies he described scribed as distinguished by generousness, or by camel that so moves her head.] by mentioning the make, orform, or other outward l eetness, or sinJtness, and by outstripping others. (Tr.) 4. .l t l]e (a man) cried out, or stretched ccharacteristic, as tallness and shortness; and 1 .. 0 *. respects action, as beating: or, accord. to out his neck and moved about his head, in disturb. a i: see -.i. Th, ;.. signifies he described by mentioning anaes, broils, or the like: syn. '1ul U. something in tome partieularplace in the body, , a) .tJ , or ai .1L", Thy male slave, or (TA.) thy female slae,' is of the highlest quality. (g.) such as lameness; .whereas .i; is used with t' But A rapidwind. (.) in the A it is said, ; respect to what is common to the whole, as great.iJ.~, and ness, and generosity; therefore God is an object ; - J, .. (TA.) of o, but not of . (TA.) - C"xi A generous, excellent, surpassing, man. .,W The young one of a raven, or crowr: syn. p. [(le dscribed himself at possesing, or (TA.) See also .. ., V?5i: or a raven, or crow, [absolutely]: characterized by, or distinguiIshed by, goodnes.] syn. "~ : see In a prayer of David occur the (Msb.) Iv,.,. ei. ; aor. -', inf. n. a, , lie (a man) was naturally wor(ds a endoned with power· of description, o . a'Jl j(j t[ Sustainer of the ;c. Describing; a describer: pl. ;a,. .*oung raren (or young crow) in his nest !]. It is and skilful in the use of those powers. (TA.) (TA.) said that the young raven (or young crow), when -%;, aor. ', inf. n. ZW, lie (a horse) was, or it comes forth from its egg, is white, like a lump became, w,hat is termed ;a, i.e., gencrous, or ,;JA [A peron or thing described; disof fat, and that the old bird, on seeing it, dislikes Jlect, c. (L, , (L,) or ;., of the tinguishedby an epithet: and hence, a substantive aittid abandons it; that thereulon God sends to it qualified by an epithet]. , zjs. [De-gnats, which light upon it on account of its foul same measure as , (1,) Ile (a horse) affected, scribed as possessing, or characterized by, or greasy smell, and that it lives upon them until it or endeavoured, or constrained himself, to be, or distinguished b.y, generosity; distinguished by the is fledged anld becomes black, when its parents become, n:hat is termed ~, i.e., generous, or epithet of yen·rous]. (A.) return to it. (L) .flet, 4c. (L, J.) MF remarks that ;..w, in e i-'e: see :. this sense, is strange, as J' is not a measure a ac: se a..t. denoting .iW.kl. (TA.) Laul (IS) and ? ja and V1Q (S, XC) and 4. 1,tl His face became beautiful, or goodly, * ... (so in the correct copies of the 1k: in the 1. a, aor. :; and He e'-:i; tooh it. (k.) so that he was described (V) as characterizedby L, a.:.: accord. to MF, : TA) A swy/ beauty, (TA,) [or, so that he became distinguished 4. JLW %;.l ^Ie rnas prodigal of his ;he-camnel: (l, .K:) pl. of the first, and of [the wealth: (.K:) or he scattered it: or it signifies by an epithet]. niasc. clithet] c,., ,,l. and , .: and of s.i .oJ. (L.) i He set about, or com8. %aZl lie, or it, was, or became, described: ,tenced fitting hiimself out, or equippling hinmself w', ~,a. (TA.) [The last pl. is the only (TA:) [he, or it, wms, or became, di.stinguished by one mentioned in the .,K, whlichi do not point ( )- -. : _ ss (in the an epithet: he, or it, was, or became, characterize~d, for.jiourneying. out its proper sing.] See also , in 1. or distinguished, by that which made him to excel Cli, and in a MIS. copy of the l~, a,I,) They ham striven, laboured, or excrted themselces, in ]. See 1. mc An excellent, fleet horse, (S, IC,) that others of his hind: see a their affair. (].) stretches out his neck like the raven, or crow: and 1i. a lie asked him to des.cribe him, or (or accord. to some, TA) one thatfoUors his own 8: see 1. it. (T, J.) way, haedlesm d.the bridle, [app., loering hisead,



- stretchingoutri. seck,] syn. -. ] ,, An epithet; or that vhereby a person l 5,j, (w,) without any inercase in the rate of his run. or thing is described: [hence, an epithet vwhereby (TA.) - See Jq. _ A stupid, orfoolish, and a substantive is qual!Oed:] (TA:) pl. ;a~: it has no other pl. than this. (ISd.) [Respectclarnourous man. (4.) ing distinctions said to exist between ; and or A.o, see 1.] [You say,] Z J 1. ';,, aor. :, inf. n. ; and t :,a;l; He .; [He has goodly epithets applied

1. ,



inf. n. r:




(g,) a verb similar to (", (,14C,) aor. ', inf. n. ,i; (S ;) so in the handwriting of J; (IB;) or, with reference to a colour, f, aor. :, inf. n. .~, a verb like ,, aor. :, inf.n. '. ; (accord. to an insertion in a copy of the ~ read


Boox I.] to IB, TA, [and so in one of M. Fresnel's copies of the 9, and in a copy in my possession, and so in the L, in which both forms of the verb are given,]) He, or it, [a colour,] was of a clear, or aor. , inf. n. pure vhite. (L, L, .) 1 ., IHe (a man, As, or a camel, S) became ~, fat: (T, S, :) said by AA to occur in a poem of Dhu-r-Rummeh, but not found in his poetry by Sh, who deems it strange: Az, however, confirms it by the authority of an Arab of the desert; and adds, that it signifies he (a man) became fat and in good condition: and he increased, and became Jwolen, or inflated: and is said to signify the same. (TA.)- -, aor. , inf. n. ,

28:15 because [epithets of the measures] ';l rof X .i, plezion, or colour. (TA.) -_ a Plain, or eren, land, (S, .,)fertile, and pro. Oi)W and sW come from verbs of the clam (Aboo- of i; ducing the kind of tree called .. not from those of the clas of E. [or Kheyreh.) (Az, Il) - [And so] 1 ; One that of ,,]. s:ee who drivesawayth beasts andcriesout after them.

You say also, 15 ;L1 (TA, art. jj) Ly [lit, v;1iJI made a clamorou roice to t
1.. , (S, A, Msb, K,) aor. (S, K) and :, (V,) [in the Mob, ', but this I suppose to be an error in transcription,] the first of which is the most common, (],) or the most common when the verb relates to a vein, accord. to Fr, as cited (S, A, Mab, ]g) and by Sgh, (TA,) inf. n. ~ I publislcd this. (A.) - Al!soL. I A vein flowing with blood: (Sh :) [or gushing with blood; &c. (See its verb, 1S A vein gusing with above.)] And ;r (S:) that does not cease ;: blood; and so? ` to flow with blood; as also 1' ;a (TA) and fly with this; meaning,] t

He (a man, S) became ;1t, (A, .K,) or this latter is a simple subst., heaoy in the stomach (vJOI ) from eating (Mgb,) and ;M,, (A,) [or this also is a simple (inf. n. subst.,] He (a man, K, or a beast of carriage, . ;, /. La mutton. (S, 1.) Mgb,) uttered a sound, or noise, (S, A, Mgb, L.) She (a camel) tvas quick, or stvif, in .~i, , [or the with, w;) (A, K,) or in, (S,) his her pace: (S, L:) she went with a certain pace: innermost part of his nose]: (S, A, 15:) but Az, (S.) (L:) a dial. form of -. says, I have not hecard this explanation from any The people's camels becamefat. of the leading authorities. '(TA.) _ Also, (TA,) 4. ,I1 .I inf. n. vehemently, in war, or in some evil case. (] , .. ] Of a pure white colour: [and ", She (a woman) inf. n. TA.) And 's, i; _ (L:) [pl. of the latter ]. clamoured, and acted in a foul or immodest [U'omen of a clear white manner. (TA.)_ .j.)Il e) 1l,Jl _tJI -- , (S, R,) orj colour in the parts around the eyes; intensely J , J11, (A,) aor. , (Fr, ggh, ].,) and black and wide, in the elye ] . (A.)m 5 A -, (S, Ii,) the former of which is the more man heavy in the stomach ( mutton: pl. 1. . J, 1) from eating (S, TA.)

;,U: (1., TA:) and t ;W applied to a

wound signifies the same; as also ;W, with ; and , and t;l , with :. and t: (IAr, Az:) and t yt applied to a wound signifies 1making a sound by reason of the vehemence with which tkt blood comesforth. (TA.)

(9, ].)

j,U, (s, A, Mgh, Msb,) or V ljs, (i,) , [q. v.], A [machine of the kind calld] 5et,(K,) lie called out, or cried out [q. v.], (Mgh, Mqb,) with (A, 8,) or C$3which water is drawn [for irrigation], (v,) and

whicA is turned by water, (9, Mgh, M,b,) and

;, (9, K,) and ? 43, accord. to a [gur, 1j, l reading of El-Hasan, ia.l; xxxviii. 22,] (TA,) A eme; the female of the sheep: (L, l~:) also, the female of the wild bull: and, of the gazelle: and, of the wild and sAeep: (TA:) [but see below:] pl. ftai

makes a noise, or [creaking] sound by [its revolcing]: (S:) so called because of its ea. [or sound]: (A, Mgh, Mb :) (app. also any rotary machinefor raisingwater to irrigate land: see Niebuhr's 'Voyage en Arabie,' tome i., p. 220 (9, TA,) or common, (Fr, Sgh,) inf n. ,, et seq. :] it is used on the banks of the Euphrates Ja!j and ;W, (as app. implied in the g, but (A, TA) and the 'Akee: (TA:) pl. ,. perhaps not intended to be so,) i The vein gu~hed (%,A, Msb.).And the former, The wing (CtL) with blood: ($, .:) or, (aor. :, inf n. ;a' and of a mill or mill-stone. (V.) _ Alo t ;sojL ;e,a, TA,) made a sound by reason of the A bucket with which water is raised. (].) blood coming forth: ( :) or guhed with blood, and made a sound at the coming forth of the See also,Jt. blood. (A.) 2jsg: seeo"li.

;a '-A sound, or noie, in the*_. [or inner] ;) [as also ;W . tWl;: no other wild animal but the most part of the nose]; (S, pl. .. 1JI L ,., (S, A, M.b, j,) aor. i, (9, M, and is also applied to pl.] [the cow (accord. to A'Obeyd, S,) is thus called: (See 1.)] - !;, so in a copy of the B by the author of the ],) (S, 1:) [but see above]. The Arabs speak of The call of the yi*. (S.) or , (A, .~,) [the latter being agreeable with gazelles as though they were goats, terming the (S, A, ]~,* TA,) or this analogy,] inf. n. ,W, l. see,, i,j: and of wild bulls or cows as though a; male is a simple subst., (Msb,) [He drowsed; he was, a.;.. they were sheep, terming the female or became, dromsy, or heary with sleepiresu: or :;Mi see . jtai I A woman; as likeAlso a. (AAF.) . he slumbered, or dozed:] the inf. n. is syn. with i,,J signifies languor ' (9, A, Ii:) or? X'Hj: (TA.) wise ;l. in the senses, (!, TA,) arisingfrom the heavines ;t and *,W: 4.a.: see q,. [which is the prevenient sign] of slcp: (TA:) t;L Uttering a sound or noise [with, or in, the or the beginningof sleep: (M, art. O :) or its .t&.LA camel of beautiful colour, and kighly proper signification is, accord. to A, (Msb, TA,) .li A she-camel of beauti- .A.t., or innermost part of the nose]. (Sh.) esteemed. (TA.) ftd colour: (TA:) or a white she-camel, ($, And t;1. Clamorous: (Q, TA:) t fem.with ;, o_3 (Mqb) or a;. (TA) without sleep: (Mb, ]l,) of generous race: (TA:) a swift she-camel: applied to a woman, and signifying the same: TA,)or ·.,W is in the head, and ~,W is in the a she-camel upon which one hunts wild cows: (A:) or, so applied, it signifies clamorous and eye: or " is the vapour ( ) ) of sleep which (IJ:) foul, or immodest: ( :) and ' i (9, 1:) such is of the kind called · g: * i ;' t begins in the face, then is transmitted to the or one that is light, or active: (TA:) pi. '1y. a [very jealom] clamorous woman; (1;) in heart, and you say, of a man, ., and then, may not be regarded as fem. .t'. (Mob, art.,.y.) It is said in a proverb, U also A woman of beautiful com- which phrase, .i$aJ (S.) _- q.t e 355

(j ~~~~A4*~ci.d


17iTe [wild] com:


[Boox I.


j". i

[A delaying of the payment, (God) set him up, or upright; as also t

;al: resembling a ai.,

of a debt, or the like, like the drorsing, or slumbering, of the dog:] i.e. continual: (Q, TA:) for the dog is characterized by much ,oW, and, as is said'in the B, is accustomed to open his eyes [only] sufficiently for the purpose of guarding, and this he does time after time. (TA.) -

(Msb:) [see an ex. in a verse cited voce ,j.:] or he [app. a man] raisedhim, or lifted him up, aftcr a stumble, or trip. (Sh.) You say also, ;,..1.Ji -- I sethe the tree upright, when it was leaning. (TA.) And J ;i IIe raised his eye, or eyes. (,* ]g.) - [Hence,] aor. and inf. vs-, (TB,) inf. n. n . , (IA*r, 9,) t It (a n. as above, (TA,) t He recovered him from his man's judgment, and his body,) was soft, and embarramment, or dilculty: (A:) I he restored esak. (IA*r, 1, T4I.) - t It (a market) was, him from a state of poverty to nwealth, or comor became, stagnant, or dull, with rpect to traf- petence, or tuiucienry; (K, TA;) as also t 1_-t: ic. (4, TA.) (TA:) and the recotered him from a state of L. 4. w,.3l t He begat heavy, sluggish, lazy, indo- perdition or destruetion. (TA.) And 4JU1 , May God restore thee from poverty to wealth, lent, or torpid, sons. (AA, 4I.) or competence, or su,jcienj: or make thee to con6. ~,,. He feigned himself [drowsing, or tinue in life; preserve thee alive. (A.) And slumbering, or] sleepng. (1,' TA.) - t It .- i3 tHlHe set him up, and strengthened his (lightning) becamefaint. (A, TA.) heart. (TA.) And ilJi u ..Jl (A, LaJ [.A singlefit of drowsines: or ofdumber:] TA,) [The spring, or spring-herbage,or the season, a single movement of the head in drowsing or slum- or rain,called eO1,] makes men to live and enjoy bering. (TA.) You say, L . Ab [A plenty of lerbage or the like. (TA.) - [Hence

npon which the king ued to be carried, when sickh: (IDrd, Mgb, K :) not the ,Z of a corpse. (IDrd, Mgb.) This is said to be the primary application. (TA.) _ And hence, (TA,) A bier, (S, A, Msb, g1,) when the corpse is upon it, for otherwise it is called ~.: (S, IAtb, Mb :) it is called by the former name because of its heigiht, or its being raised: (9, TA:) pl. W,5w: (Mqb:) also, a reticulated thing, (Az. Mgh, TA,) resembling a ;, (Mgh,) whiAck is put as a cover orer a [dead] woman nwlen she is placed upon the bier; (Az, Mgh, TA;) but this is properly called t., though people called it ;;, wlhichi is properly only the bier itself. (Az, TA.) _ [And henee,] A.!1 .a; :' [or .W 1 L;:JI Laj,'together with Ju; or ., constitute t The constellation of Ursa Major:- or the principal stars thereof.:] sevn stars; nwhereof four [mhich are in the bodyf] are called - [or L,;1, and three [whirch are in the tail] are caUed A, (Q., ],) i.e., ;, ,,lj.: (TA:) and in like manner Lsji.Jl, (K,) or i.c.laJIl .a. 4L [together with Si.;all j,a constitute t the constelation of Ursa Minor: or the principal stars ther~of; wven in number; thereof thefour in the body are called aJ,and the three in the tail are called CL,j]: (S:) [the former four] said to be likened to the bearers of a bier, becatise they form a square: (IDrd, TA:) [the 4 being so called as being likened to damsels or to men (for c.'L is pI. of X'! applied to an irrational thing as well

as pl. of ') following a bier:] Sb and Fr agree that jw is imperfectly decl. because determinate 2. ia;: see 1. s Also, (,) or ZJ j. , (S,) and of the fem. gender: (S:) or it is perfectly .. : . . , aLw: see ,-U. inf. n. ; e, (V,) He said to him lVf J.l decl. when indeterminate, but not when deter[which see above, in 1, and also below, in 8]: minate [by having the epithet c 'l or or j.CU, part. n. of J., [Drowsing, d'onwsy, or ($, I:) in [some copies of] the S, J4UI JAA,. added to it]: (Aboo-'Amr Ez-Zhlhid, :) j..; , heavy with sleep: or slumbering, or dozing:] (S, (TA.) also occurs, in poetry; (Sb, S, 1 ;) because a Mqb, l :) as also v tJCZ; (Lth, Fr, Tb, Msb, single one [of the stars thereof] is called u'; 1, 4: see 1, in four places. ];) but this latter is rare; (Fr, Th, Meb, ;) (Lth, T1,) being made to accord. in gender with and by some disallowed: (TA:) fem. of the 8. ;rl#1 Hie rose; or beca,ne raised, or lIfied ,~.5; but when they say tos or ,j!, they former with 5: (Mgb, TA:) and of the latter up: (TA:) he rose after his stumble, or trip: (S, tUo'' made to accord. with j,' fem. of 'I;; A, MQb, ] :) and in like manner you say of a say ,it;: (Lth, TA:) [this is agreeable with a and this is best in poetry: (Lth, M 9 b, TA:) and bird, (A, TA,) meaning it rose [after falling or general rule; accord,. to which, ;., is the pl. of t J..A'W is also used as an epithet [in an intensive alighting], (TA,) and he raied his head. (TA.) · 1. applied to anything but a human being:] sense] applied to a female: (TA:) the pl. of Hence the saying, u jl '~ May he fall, the pl. of .n ;.. is ,;cl;JI; like as .ltl is is ;,.a; like L, pl. of ;: and that having stumbled, or stumble and fall, and not rise pl. ofu , A.l. (L,TA.) Seealso .. [again]: a form of imprecation. (TA.) And of Lrt& is _JlJ. (Mb.) -- U [His Also ; A piece of wood, (K, TA,) of the length hence the saying of 'Omar, Z.IL , r-i of twice the statureof a man, (TA,) upon the had goodfortune is slumbering]. (A, TA.) Rise thou: may God raise thee: or UJI 4.L of which is a piece of rag, (12, TA,) called , has here one of the two meanings assigned to it (TA,) with which young ostriches are hunted or before, in 1. (TA.) - [And hence,] He recaptured (i, TA.) 1. -. :a, aor. -, ($, g,) inf. n. ,. (S,) le covered, or became recocered,from his embarrass(God) raied him; lifted him up; (9, Ii;) as nutt, or d/?icuty. (A, TA.) ;a-; [or jtn. t Te mall star called] u,Jl,
O., also Vt ga,l; (Lth, Ks, g ;) which is disallowed i; A state ofsieation, or cxaltation. (8h.) by ISk, who says that it is a vulgar word, and See 1. - A state of remaining;. latingnw; by J after lim, but is correct; (TA;) and t _,' endstrancc; ppe~aneUe; or continuance; syn. I (AA, V,) inf n. n. : (AA, TA:) or Bj :4. (Sb, [.)- [A kind of litter, or] a thung

vehement fit of dromsinew, or of dumber, came also,] 4I1 ;rLi., (Sbh, ,) aor. as above, (Sh,) and so the inf. n. (TA) t He eulogized, or praised, upon him]. (A.) And :l, '; ;[I the dead man, (8h, J,)and exalted his praise, or drowned, or slumbered, once]. (S.) fame, or honour. (Sh.) 1, ,tAi also i sla: see ,;signifies They carried the dead man upon tie ,:.;, q.v. (A [where this signification is indicated, 5 1 W.: see 1. but not expressed: it is shown, however, by an o,~A she-camel bountiful in yielding milk; explanation of pass. part. n. (q.v. infra) in the (S, A, ]g;) that dro,ses, or slumbers, in yielding TAj])-_ jLc. o J i A j. [q.j.] was milk; (A;) or because, in yielding milk, she drowses, or slumbers: ( :) or having muclh milk, made for her bier. (Mgh, from a trad. of, or that drowans, or sltumbers, when milked: (M :) or relating to, Fatimeh.) that dcloe her yelid on being milked. (Az, TA.)

ichich is [by the star C] in the niddle of :


So in the saying, i- ;Aw Ji ,;,a .-, 5A61 ,h [He, or it, is more obsurme than No'eysA among the Bendt Naash]. (A, TA.)

Boos I.] ~ l~a.ll: see .-a., near the end. or bier.

2817 names of- and '~. ; and it is said to resemble Hence, (TA,) .1 (S,) or or1,, ), (so in the sparrow; and the fem. is with ;: (Msb:) a, a copy of the A,) : The man becamre angry, or or (TA; in the K, and) a sp.ies of the p., vehemently or most vehemently angry, or o.fected (R, TA; in the CK, erroneou,.ly,,&,. ;) red in with latent anger without power to exercue it: the beaks and in the lower parts of the '.L [or (S, A:) or his inside boiled by reason of such portions beneath the beaks]: (TA:) or the males anger: (As,.S:) and a*, aor. :; and thereof.. (g:) pl. .1,iZ, ($, Msb,1 ,) like as 1.*, aor. .; and ji*, aor. :; (.K;) the first of ~t~,jo is p1. of s,. (S, Mb.) Its dim. is which is the most common; (TA;) in. n. ~.~ .~ (S, Msb, K) occurring in a trad.; %t, li [of the first] and ;1a,; and t;si; (1K;) [after 1i;kJI JS Ce [OAboo-'Oneyr, 0 what did which last, in the Cg, the word ki, com- the little nughar?]; (S, K;) said by Mobammencing the explanation, is omitted;] his inside mad to a little child of Aboo-Talah El-AnfWree, boiled against him by reason of anger: (1 :) or who had a bird, or birds, of this name, which by reason of vehement or most vehement anger, or died. (TA.) latent anger writhout power to exercise it: (TA:) J! or (so accord. to the TA; but in the J1, and)

c.&, (As, S, Iltt, A, L,) and .;/j. (A.,l:.)

LA3a" A corpse carriedupon a a, (;, A,* Mpb.) [ JbA, &c.

See Supplement.]

and , (inf. n. ,, TA,) lie (a man, TA) svallorved saliva. (]g.)_ , (in£ n. TA,) It (a bird) sipped water: you do not say of a bird . (1.) .. Ii (a man) took in gulps, or gulped, in drinking: ( C:)




and likewise an ass. (TA.) _-,- l .I -* , with kear, I drank in gulps from tle vessel. dl ,,iL. lie became changed, or altered, to him, (1Sk, ~.) See art. L;-. and threatened him with evil: (ISk, S, I., TA:) 4ii A hungering. (JI.) A tribe's scanting and , aor. :, inf. n. ,i/, also signifies he held food, or hungering: syn. J,iJl ;tl. (K, as in enmity in his heart, natchingfor an opportunity 1. ,,a, aor.:, (S, ISJ,) inf. n. ,aG,, (S,) lie some copies: [app. the right reading:] in other to indulge it; or he hid enmity and violent hatred (a man, S,) failed of having hlis desire fully copies, JWi, whiclh is pl. of Wj. TA.) - See in his heart; or he bore rancour, malevolence, accomplished: (S, I(:) but Lth says, that it is malice, or spite. (TA.) ·. · more commonly with teshdeed, i. e. t ,, 5: see 1, in two places. ai- and ; i 1tgulp; u [unless this be a mistake for b,,,,] inf. n. or as much as is stPallon,ed at once; of waer &ec.: (S, I.:) or the 8. . aLlJ i. q. .L' [app. meaning, t 'he ,,:;-. (TA.) - And in like manner, (S,) lie latter signifies a single act tof gulding: (i<:) behaving with mutual enmity or hostility]. (1,.) (a camel) failed of having his full, or complete, differing from the former like as [its syn.] &c:. draught, or drink. (S, _ And A.) It (beverage) L 1 [Angry or vehemently or most rehemenlly was imperfect, or defective. (.1.) - See also 5. does from a.: (TA:) 1.. of the former ~..: angry, or ajjected with latent anger without (S:) for which el occurs in a verse. (TA.) a,a (L, ]) and ,i (L, TA) [both inf. ns., power to exercise it: as is implied in the S: Ex. t1 '" "' , the verb of the former beintg app. ",.i;, used or] having his inside boiling by reason of anger: .Ail; intransitively, .'. , i :[IrExcellent ! Iown cool a gulp (S,* and that of the latter ~', used i1:) and [it is said that] f6' ;l sigis it ! lion (ool is it to thle heart ! JIlay the handv nifies a woman very jealous; syl. .S.: transitively, followed by also signify The (K:) and mouth p,rish !] said on hearing of the death [but] it is related in a trad. of 'Alee, that a bringing one's camels to tle drinhing-trough,and, of an enemy, or of any trial or anfliction that has woman came to him and told hiln that her wlhen they have drunk, turning them back, and befallen him. (A.) . R foul action. ($, husband had illicit intercourse with her female bringing others; ( ;) taking forth, from every A', slave; wherenpon he said, " If thou be speaker two camds, a strong camel, and putting in its ji.) So in the followilg saying, .i .'. of truth, we stonic him ; and if thou be a speaker place a weak camel; and thus as it were, making J -i. [, J foul action vwas never found to be of falsehood, we whip thee:" and she said, their drinking troublesome. (TA.) - You say char,ceable U,on hi,n.] (S.) also, jAl .J41 The man prevented the ;2, L52 $ i551I uXl ;flt-, (9, TA,) mcanin.g, manfrom obtaining his share of water by inter[Rtitore ye me to my family, very jealou..] posing to hinder his camels from drinking: and with my inside boiling by. reason of anger, or * 1. vi, aor. :, inf. n. ;1j, lIe pulled hair; rehement or most vehement anger, or latent in like manner, c' .t 'l [He preented him anger without power to exercis it: this is the from obtaining his share of pasturagefor his syn. . . (.K) explanation given by A 9 : and ISd says, that camels]: the verb in the latter instance being he holds J;ii to signify here angty, not very with I. (TA.) _- See also 2. jealous; since it is related that an Arab said to !.- . e. ea N ... 2. 4Lc ,, . i; Lasting and vehement eril. (IAar, X(.) ]Ie cut shor't a thing of which a woman, ;i,oA;l :;l .gl[Art thou very we lored to have much, or abundance. (IAp.r, _- fj ) t..j l'e fell into lasting aind relehe- jealous or angry ?] (TA.) TA.) -- .i ,,; ment evil. (I..) and -, ' j, inf. n. . Certain birds like sparrows, (S,) or a _,'a; but the former is the more common; He species of sparrows, (Msb,) with red beaks: rendered [an affair, or circumstances, or a state,] (S, Msb:) n. un. with ;: (S:) or the !/oung troublesome, or perturbed, to him; syn. ;j,b. L.iJI ... a. (S, , TA,) aor.:; and Zib one of sparrows: (g:) n. un. as above: (TA :) ({, and so in a copy of the A,) aor. ;; and or the dcLA -iU i$ , young ones of the sparrows; (Sh, Mb ;) (IItt, TA.) You say, ,.-I .,, aor. -; (];) in£. n.,a (I/;tS, ]~) [of the whirch you always see in a lean state: (Sh :) ($, .,) inf. n. ,; (S;) and 'aii(S, ,) first] and i (l]tt, TA) and ~(Z (JV, TA) or [a species] of young sparrows: (TA :J or and ;Jd,I al t ,A; (] ;) God renderedlife and c., (TA,) The cooking-pot boiled; estuated; the bird called J.4: (Msb, ] :) it is said that troublesome, or perturbed, to him; syn. ejo.: became in a state of violent commotion; syn. the people of El-Medeeneh call the JA; by the ( :):, the first of these is the most common:




[Boox I.

(S, K.) A c (K) and Vt. (TA:) the second occurs in poetry; the pro- [See dt, below.] _- ojl. .:. t His affair, And ul;, then ready and noun in this relating to a man. (Akh, S, TA.) or case, was, or became, in a weak, or unsound, cloud, or clouds, becoming dense, into state; syn. &.j. (TA.) = See also 4, in two to rain, and seen to move about, one part ". - See also another, weithout going along: (S:) or in a state places. 2. of motion, or comnmotion, one part after another, also 4: see 1, last sentence: - and see al I[e put it in a state 4. .~, : see 1. ,-a (1g, TA,) not travelling along: (TA:) or seen convulsion; or agitation, commotion, motion, of His (,) to move about, one part into another, nitlout , (s,) or : , ,5. to nabble, or it made about; it shook it; shook state of lif., (.,) or his meanm of subsistence, (,) |going along. (L.) - Also, (S, g,) or V!l, it; as also ?a,//;| nodded it; wagged totter; attended or , and became troublesome, or perturbed, (so in a copy of the A,) and , (A:) namely so * ,-': and TA;) ], Msb, (S, say cartilage: A You (TA,) K.) ($, rare, is (A, 1:,) but this wituh trouble; syn. $' ?,. in TA;) A, (S, head; his or (Msb:) thing: a (S :) or the cartilage of tlhe shoulder-blade: (A, Elvi affair, or Ei, also, ..l ai?, inf. n. nonder; (A;) or as one in wonder at a thing; 15:) or the part thereof where it moves to and ae, became troublesome,&c.;] (A ) [for])v (S, TA;) or in disapproval of a thing told him; fro: (1S :) or the upper part of thite end of the (, (AHeyth, TA.) or in derision; or as though as signifying. jb. is syn. with ,; cartilage of the shoulder-blade: (TA:) or the asking the meaning of nhat wva said, inclining to r vr). of thce shoulder-blade is the thin bone at | , I"~~~~t "") 6. rw) the speaker. (TA.) Hence, in the l(ur, [xvii. Tide camels the extrcntitl thereof: (Sli :) or the 'l W ; l~l ;5L JI (S, TA) And they -Awl CIJ5l 53,] are the parts of the root of thc sboulderr..owded, or presed, to ether to the drinhingnill shake, or nag, their heads at thee, in derision. blade that move about in walking: (L:) and the trough. (Ks, ]g.*) (TA.) |.Mh , of a man is the base of thle ntwck, nhere he one prevent is said to signify Things that ,J 5: see 1, in three places. moves about his hcad, (Slh.) (gHar, desire. of object an from attaining . Lia, : see .A; One who shakes his head, and trembles Ip r,~.) p-. epithet. an as used n. inf. an :) (1 in his gait: &e. [ t.h:"' Any one wvho cuts short a thing of (TA.) - A male ostrich that shakes his head: the of name TA.) a is ,, (IAr, ~ V more. also as hare to ,J, (S :) or which one loves See Suppllement.] male ostrich; determinate; (1i ;) being a name of

the species; like iL1i : (TA:) so called because, when he bastens his gait, he moves up and 1. ~ ;, asor. ;, (Ks, ., A, M.b, 1],) and:, or portions, oJ ; . One of .several parts, 1 down: (Lth :) or a name of the male ostrich (., Msb, 1.) and ~.~ (S, A, 1,) inf. n. ~ adjacent sercral of one or that has a habit of going round about: (AHeyth, scattered herbage: or was It (1C,) .Ai, and O g and riin (S, I;,) d [is the n. un., signifying] an nmeadowrs (,b4), separated frum, anal K :) and V* agitacommotion, motioe, of s,,te a in became, above, tihe greaterpart of the pasture: pl. 1. lion, or convulsion; it shook; shook about; cab- ostrich. (TA.) - See also Lu?. ($.) ble(l; tottered; wagged; nodded; syn. i_, see ~,t in three places. ,,x6:


A, M;b, 15,) and 4'L! (A, 1,) ' :.3'J1; (TA;) as also t ,Mil (Msb, 1]) and


see ,.




(,:,) i(F,



inf. n.



t *._ia-: (15 :) it is said of a man's head; (S,

i.- "A tree. (IKt.).- See also . ,i d and an with A,) (A, also, and TA;) .biA* A she-camel having a large hump: tfor its inf. ns., (S,) of a camel's saddle, (S, A,) shakes, or quakes. and of the central incisor (S, TA) of a child, because, when it is large, it (a,) or of any tooth, as also ? the last of the (IF, .) verbs above mentioned; (A;) and of other ,ibw [In a state of much mnotion, commotion, signifying any moving things; (Myb, TA;) , agitation,or convulsion; shaking, shaking about, in a shaking or tremulous or convulsive manner wabbling, tottering, wagging, or nodding, much]. nuck and You say, yi.., mel x [Camelxjogging ); (8, ?TA;) and ;a (o .'.;- - t , said oft a tooth, being sn. with nith their saddles; orjogging much their saddles]. * --. ; lIe, or (A, TA.) - ee also I iM. _(A.) - Also, inf. n. tl., u.,t Js11 -,2q. violently or agitated, it, was, Jr occane, disquieted, Wrinkled in tht belly: an expression applied They S 1 il ~ ;: Mohammad, (1,) by 'Alee, who thus exto pitated. (TA.)of the rose and hastened and wcn! forth to, or towards, plained it: because of the elevation of the surface even also signifies wrinkled parts above the j titse enemy. (A, TA.) meanfrom',-~, t It (a thing, TA) was, or becamne, dense: (so in belly: or it may be derived of transpusition by belly, the in some copies of the K) or mnuch in quantity: (so ing "wrinkles" in other copies of the 1 :) or much in quantity, letters. (TA.) anid dense. (TA.) And t It (a cloud) was, or [In a state of motion, commotion, or JaU became, dens, and then became ready to rain, agitation,or conrulsion; shtaking; shaking about; and was see to moe about, one part into another, wabbling; tottering; wragging; nodding: pl. ,rithout its going along: (S:) or was seen to [Great pullyJt. You say, V beco.vme ready to rain, without motion, not travel- ,.,a]. (., TA.) &ec.]. motion, of state ling along: (A:) or it travelled along. (IF.) 1sheaves in a

(L,) The cooking-lpot boiled: and 5i, and ' what resembled arronws, forth (]g:) or threw by reason of [its vehement] boiling: ($, L:) [see :] or [boiled so that] the -i, and also its sidees: (1J:) or the to stuck broth, or gravy, broth boiled in the cooking pmt, and vwhat dried tihre(f stuck to the sidc of' tbe pot: (L :) you iW, [for JLi say [also] t J4W ij.Wl,anid ... the latter, these two (S, L [but inll Q5]. and verbs are written withiout the syll. points].) |i:L a , as also s,., t lIe boils rwith onger.
I(S :)_


,~ ,.

,as also aLi, t le

boils against ltim wvith anger. (TA.) 1 [IIis breast boils with en,,,ity]. f` | oJ1 , nor. , inf n. ]_ -. (A.) [See also , (L,) and nd -l; nd af- a(L, t lie (a man, L) wras angry: (K, L:) or Oi resembles coughing: [so that tile verb seems to signify he made a noie like coughing, by reason of anger:] (L:) or he blew in anger: (L:) or he blew, (.&;, as in the copies of the 1 in my banids,) or sn'(l..l, or became inflated, ( J;l,

BooK I.]
s in the TA,) by reason of anger. .A, (aor.


(].) Jit Enchanting. (Mab.) - -- U L isJ tAJ lIe (the Holy Spirit , L,) inf. n. :i;, It (flour or the [Gabriel]) inspired, or cast, or put, into my mind, i'A man enchanted. (A.) like) had water poured upon it, and snelled, c r or heart. (Nh, from a trad.) - [You say,] became in,lated, ( Cit3 4 a -; ji [If such a one blew,, in consIquence. (L, K. * 5) 4.L or spat, upon thee, he would throw tlhee donn upon 6: see 1. tly side.]. Said to one who tries his strength 1.. , (S, XK,) aor. ', inf. n. Lij; (MRb;) ;9 Jq. -A cooking-pot throvingforth nwha t with one superior to him. (A.)_ie and v .;M';(TA ;) It (a hare, S, K, or other resembles arros, by reason of [itsJ vehement ] tl as though meaning lie blew at me by animal, MIsb) spang up (S,1 ) from its lbole; or boilingt: c. (S, L.) reason of the violence of his anger. (L) [See leaped. (TA.) _ ; (TA;) anid * , (S,) also -Ai.]_ ; ~ j i [TI inf. n. eII; (Mb ;) and t Ci; e;A A certain kind of food, thlirker tha1 (TA ;) lle serlpent eects venom friom its mouth when it made a hare to up ($, &c.) from its hole; rwhat is called ; (1K;) i.q. a , madl e inflicts a e'ound nith its noxe]. (S.) _It or to leap. (TA.) by sprinklinPg four upon water or milk, (fresi h (a wound) emitted bIlood. (TA.) aor. oi, - and :, inf. n. [ the milk, L,) until it becomes sNoUen or inflated ~;; and Vlt ; It (ajerboa) ran: (M:) or blowing or splitting upon the knots :] .'A, inf. n. (;~j,)C (5, L,) nwhen it is supped, or sippec xlackewed his rui. (A.) _ .i, and,. ;, ;, lIe encha#nted him. (M)Ms.) -J l ; and ?t. , It (anything) rose; or became (L,.i¢.); (L;) it is thicker than ; t(le i and The cooking-pot elevated, or exalted. (TA.) _ , 7e, master of a family uses it plentiftllly for hli' eaor. , inf. n. aor. ', Iousehold in times of scareity: (S, L:) tlley only boiled: or, boiled, and thret fortlh what rexembled inf. n. lie ., made anythling to rise; or to arrows, by Areason of the vehemence of its boiling. eat &;i; and ; - in a time of strnitness, and lecomc elevated, or exalted. (TA.) dearness, and Icanness of the cattle: A7. says, in ( [Sec also %Z.!.] It is when it begills a i.l The chicl.h,, came forth from its egg. art. 35_., J;t is flour thrown upoun water or to boil. (TA.) milk, and cooked, anld then eaten with dates or (S, 6.) _ < , (r. ', illf. n. S,)]t I (a. r aJajl 'i Poetry: (K, firom a trad.:) [here a wordl in tie L is illegible; after wlich w:nan's breast) heaved up ler slift. (S, .. )__ called ^ ;; because it is like a thiring wicllh a we read] and it is [wlat is called] ., ; and it .1 j; : The wind came n'ith fi,,ce: (,S tman spits, or blows, (G.Li,) from his mouth, is also called ; and n;ild nnd . :) or, tsuddenly. (TA.) _ .i, inf. n. like incantation. (A'Obeyd.) .t _ .4 o>0¢ and CeiZjare a kind of L, betwnen thich lie nmagn.fied, or made great, him, or it. (M.rb, J Tltis s of the poetry of such a one. (TA.) and thin. (L.) [Sc alsoy ' and L] TA.) [And so,] t -; 1 It became great. i,, ;j LBlood emitted by a nound (S, K) orI (TA.) i, aor. ', inf. n. (MCh;) and, vein. (TA.) ' ~,;, (TA,) and .~; (K;) lIe boasted of that whicha he did not poseses, (Msb,) anti 1 W jS 1. lU [A plain land that produces i;, nor. and !, inf. n. ) (S, ) and which was not in him: (TA :) or, of more than many plants, or herbs, or mucha herbage,] as ;v>, (TA,) [le pv.fed; or blel, without though blonring fortAh, or spitting forth, the he possessed. (J. ) /pitting: or he sputtered, or blem ftnilh a little 4: see 1, and 10. xspittle in minute scalteredpart.licleY: or] he spat: plants, or herbs. (L, from a trad.) [Tlle coror he [did as though he] spat rcithout ejecting rectncess of W,i/is questioned by El-Khlllttabee. 5: see 1, in two places. spittle: and iS.i ,W ; 1 ?] .. signifies he spat, May it not be a mistake for 8. :.Jl 1 I: LI The sides of the camel ejecting a little spittle, uplon the knot, in encbantWid Ijhtat one blows, or spits, ( fom L f.,) bccaine elevated, (S, Ii,) [or bulging,] and great, menllt: (Msb:) or l is like o Cl, or blonwing, his mouth. (S.)_ What Va person having a .taturally. (TA.) Hence the expression 4Li; and leu than JAZI, or spitting, or ejecting spittle disease in his chest blows forth or spits out, fromn the mouth: (S, K :) or like bloming, vithl t [The swelling out of the new moons], in, a s. (;.) TI'hat remains in one's mouth, '!9 [the emission of] spittle: (Keslishiif;) or like rad. respecting the signls [of the last day]. (TA.) or tooth.-stick, and is spit out : (S:) . - See 1 throughout. bloning, as done in enclhantment, nwithout spittle: of a .l.j, the action, if accompanied by spittle, being a particle broken of (,i: so in the L &c. 10. .~1 (TAar, M) and * C , (MI,) lie termed J.AI: this is the most correct explana- in the I., .: )fro: fron a , or tooth-stick, a sportsman) drere forth a jerboa [&c. from its tion: ('InAyell:) or gentle bloNing witlout renmaining in the mouth, and sipit out. (L,.) iole]. (M.) - Hence, (TA,) t lle drewn frth, spittlec: (jtblj1:) or more than blowing; or One says, "'. JJ1 W L.; j1 iL f e a and caused to appear, the anger of a person. (.1.) like blowing; but less than spitting: sometimes asked me for .a partici of a tooth-stick, remainwtoithout sp,ittle, thus differing from J1I; and ing in my mouth, I would not give him (it). (S.) 'i and * 4U- t [A boasting of that whiclh sometimes witlh a little spittle, thus differing from ne does not possess, or the like: see 1, and tlii/. ;1 : or the emitting wind from the molouth, '~ A certain kind of food. (See a-i and together Nithl a little spittle. (MF.) - s A.) [See also .] : Ij~*oJ [lie mwho has a disease in his .iJl A woman, (.(,) and a man, (TA,) ,±W An enchanter; one nwhto is in the habit of chest tust spit]. A proverb. (S.) > lrge in the buttocks: (.K, TA:) or prominent (Msb.) l'U l IG aor. inf. n. , e ejected it from his enchanting: fem. with ;. herein. (TA in art. ,..) i.ll L) [lKur, cxiii. 4,] The women vwho blow, mouth. (Mob.) - [Hence,J , i- o t , Ie witlhout spitting, saying something at the same a d A single leap of a hare from the place eeol 1 God cast, or put, the thing into the time, upon the knots which they tie in a thread, w ,here it has been lying. In a trad., a sedition, hiert. (M,b) - . 1. uI I Such a or string: (Jel:) meaning the enchantresses. or r disturbance, is likened to this in regard of tlhe thing was inspired, or put, into my mind. (A.) (S, .K, Jel.) [See a verse cited voce ti,.] sL iortiess of its duration. (TA.) 1




2820 q.W: ce a.p A and U.
.. 'la





[Boox I.

bow (S, g) made of a piece of wood

not known by Abooof the kind of tree called Sa'eed with C [in the place of t]. (S [so in the copies of that work which I am using, three in ( number: but in one copy, "except with C "].) (1:) a WL Aproudman; as also t : boastful and proud man: (ISk, .:) a man wvho praiseshimself for that which is not in dim: one who says that which he does not, and who boasts of that which does not belong to him and which is j, A): (and * Z. not in him; a abo t


them in war face to face, having :fore theirfaces neither shields nor anything else; me ue bounds, in speech; (J;) and wnlo boasts of b7 viv. td (S, 1:) originally signifying .JL: S s. rn.. _ /tat which he does not polse~. (TA.) tat thhey approached them in fight so near that the Pieces j with which women ma-l b reath of each party reached the other. (TA.) Pieces of stuf . . rwir Iheir buttocks to appear large; syn. ;.lA &MJU lie contended with him. (.K.) - ,.t '

One l One

tes or exceds the erncountered lwhoexanerates,


A;) and ,ZI t ; n. (A,) inf n. defence in or him, for [Aar;) He contended A man haring elevated, [or (1 .0].Jl.1 ~ · f him; (S;) repelled from him, and defended o ulging,l havitig camel A . (A.) sides. uing,] b him: i,n: (IAnr, A:) as also C.bU. (TA.) rominentfianks. (TA.) See W. tIn odour, whether good or bad: or a i IA

r; (s,


lenteous odour; differing from li:..h, which is a slight odollr: (AHn, in L, art. ei :) pl. _,t_. ) (L, aor :, (S, L, K,) inf n. 1. "..JP eJ, (9, L,) and La;e., L.) You say or one who boasts of that which he does not possess: ( (perIt (i,) Off, and li and s (L) Cti [See Lnd (TA.) repute. high of not and said to be L,) It has a good, or smeet, and a bad, or foul, o K.) ffume) diffused its odour. (S, L, .] also A blast, or breath, of dour. (L.) : A pleasant and i 1 0J (Msb,) n,ind. (I.) -_ b)I, (S, Msb, g,) aor. :, inf. n. , see 1iti ei;: t The wind blew: (S, Mab, KY:) or blew gently; fragrant blast of the east wind. And _i ) (A:) commotion: of state a in be to began IJU The commencement of anything, (so in 1 Atgrierous blast of hot wind. (AHeyth.) ., ' 1i of effect the that except syn., are ;_J and two copies of the 9, and so in the Msb,) or of anyi 17jJ ~ .. j + A part, or portion, of wind, (so in one copy of the .,) that begins withi s greater than that of C 1JI:(Zj :) or, accord. to unishment: (9, ] :) or a grievous blast ofpunislhvehemence, or violence: (9, Meb :) or a wrind that As, (S,) or IAIr, (TA,) &; relates to a cold, : tent: (AHeyth:) or a most violent infliction of beginstu with rehnemece: (K :) or, that comes with or cool, wind; and ,kl, to a hot wind: (S, TA :) Tle first gush lunishment. (L.) _,71 .JI vehemence: (A :) As thinks it to be attended by p ! The : I J [but se e;.]. .?.e. 0f bloodfrom a wound. (Khlilid bn-Jcmbeh, L.) cold: AHiin says, that sometimes the north wind coolness. or cold, its with it upon blen, wrind south : so in the rises upon people when they have been sleeping, A single churning (; -- i S,) 2 CU, (aor. :, inf n. L and TA: in the CK and a MS. copy of the K, and almost destroys them with cold at the close (I B) _ of the nighit, when the former part of the night I The vein ejected, or spirtedforth, blood. (S, K..) i .,h~, with . unpointed:) of milk. (A, I(.) has been warm: (TA :) or a wind that rise upon And in like manner, Jl, ;LaJil Ite. -[See ' ; A gift: (Myb:) [pl. i 1.] one suddenly and rehemently, when he is not aware: stab ejected, or spirted forth, blood. (TA.) -. A cloud 1;. (A.)- _ i (Sh:) pl. I~tHe churned the milk once. (S, L) There cease not to be attributableto such a *UI aboundintg with rain: (S, K :) so called from the ibJ .J aA :He struck him, or it, cone acts of kindness, orfavours. (L.) e (A.) _ same word as signifying " a wind that comes with khe (A:) lightly, or slightly, with the swrord: (TA:) see art. ,,jt, voce a/. ~;1t:j WIU vehemence:" (TA:) thus called by the name of snord the with 5,) (Wj it, reached, or hit, hint, or · -· LJ The the thing which is its cause. (S) (., L, .K)firom a distance, (S, L,) by a side-blo,n, I A n-ind that blows violently, and a partof a rib: (:) or, of the ribs: (I:) ikiner - , inf. n. -'., le struck, sinote, or I;. (L) -J - tA outh : (TA:) pl. 1. (S.) as also t. raises the dust. (L.) - i lie threw, * , inS n. beat. (L.) See 3. nwhereby and inherits, t Cames whiclh a man nind (S, IB) that blows coldly, or coolly. (IB.) pushed, or thrust, He t ; L-c (L.) cast. or (TA.) hix coanels are increased in ,unumber. 4; A ltorse, or the like, that hicks with * -_ ii (L.) him. from thing a repelled, or inshe because called LJCU SA daugther: so its hind leg: or, with the exstremity of its hoof. The horse, or the like, Jl, aor. :, in£ n. , 3 creases the property of her father by her dowry: a,1 (L.) [See 1.] - *.L t!A ele-camel nwlws milk ricth or, :) (L : leg father; hind her its of witl property struck, the or kicked, inereasm that or, (1g:) cornesforth rwithout its beig dratln!tfronm the teat: for he takes hler dowry (consisting of camels, TA) its hoof: (Msb:) or, ,nith the extremity of its (S, K :) and an udder that not retain its milk. and adds it to his property, (or camels, TA,) so hoof: Ci;Jl is said to be with one hind leg; and (AZ.) Sec w. =i= ,. :' ;I bum that sen,tx that the amotunt becomes raised. (S.) The ,; (L.) .J, with both hind legs together. witl the arrorw fior; or th/at inilpels the arrowv Arabs used to #ay, in the time of paganism, when her with kicked, or 'iut Tlhe she-camel struck, (lK) and t !: force: (S, A, 1:) as alsot .. d a daughter wus born to one of them, .. ilJj: the made lie L.1 1lJl hind leg. (S.) (TA:) each of whlich two words is a niame for a May she who is to increase thy property by her be to leg, hind its with like, tie or horse, tie of kicking bon: (f, with respect to the former, and TA, dowry! be productive of enjoyment to thee I (S.) paid be to anything require to not account; with respect to the latter:) pl. of the former of no -- .. GA bag,follile, or esicle, of mu k: (Ig :) sigynifies a branch of the :) and t ai by its owner. (L.) [See S in art. ,.i.] ~: (68 pl. '.Iy ( :) an arabicized word, (, 1,) from (inf. n. i, Msb,) t IIe gave him a thing. tree called ;, of which a bonw i.s made. (ISk, ., [the Persian] u1C; and therefore some say that w,ith ] i lie gave him a gift; or S, Ii.) [See also (s, g.) - ai · it is properly written 1.i: or, accord. to the ex. an [See (.) afavour]. idm upon con!ferred ·. . J: see ;9. M1 b, it is Arabic, and a bag of musk is so called 4].· voce becawse of its high value, from °'.. "he magni"li [Musk that d;I. es mwucl odour or a a.A fled him, or it:" but this requires consideration. (inf n. IL, , TA) I They con3. ds, - a.W izab : A tended with them with swords face to face; or fragrance]. (A, art. ,j.) (TA.) See &..JI 1, vocoJU.





Boox I.]

t -

2821 belly (S, 1) by food &c. Ai;.A (TA.) You say ,4

stab that ejects, or spirts forth, blood, much, or but sometimes it is trans., as many have asserted: H, blew I3, as well us * , j $A stab that you say ;1 veheAmently. (TA.) t ejects its blood quickly. (T.) - li t One Iho the trumpet, or blev into the trumpet: (MF, TA:) also, ($:) al: :A is a dial. form of . gives tnany giJftA. (TA.) - CUI, (15,) or

He hla an inflation of the body: (]:) .i. ... I I experience an inflation of the and body. (S.) - [And Aflatulent humour of any The kind: a meaning well known.] - ,i..I 1 1,J , (TA,) The Bestoweer of [many] benefits ,lWI 5t [he blew the fire; or blew into the fire]: blast [of the horn] of the day of resurrection. upon mankind, or the creation: (15:) an epithet [see 8 (last sentence) in art. Z;s;:] and sp r A slight odour: differing from (L) - l' applied to God; but disapproved by some, be[he bkew into, or inflated, the skin]: and tjfil a plenteous odour. (L.) is &W.A, which cause not so applied in the Kur-hn or the traditions. (Msb.) l,ij occurs sometimes one says d;A. "..A11 ;iJ; !The chief part of youth. (L.) i Di&utsing odour; fragrant. Ex. ;.L; in a verse of El-1athmee for lyi;. ! The time of the season called ~..~,ol S~ A bag, or vesicle, of mush difusing odour, sAIl U: teJU%t i tIThe devil blew into his a* JI when the earth produces herbs, or herbage: (A.) orfragrant: pl. i,. nose]: said of him who aspires to that which is (A :) or 11 the time of , ;iLJ, and in:[He Zi ; (S, , &c.) said to be the most common not for him. (TA.) - s (AZ:) a"tl ended. has vegetation when season that mouth; his of not siflac the should onre out, whicl fiated, or p,d.ed form of the word, (TA,) for _a".; A disease that attacks a horse, and , ..s (L.) - See ~W. say *A;I, (ISk,) but this is mentioned by Ibn- meaning] he nas proud, or affectel pride. (A.) makes his testicles to swell inJlated It (food) n. inf. ', aor. ., _ Et-Teiyieime and the author of the 'Eyuj, (MF,) (applied to land, or ground, ) i£q. iJt" ; aor. , inf. n. anid sometimes it is written anid pronounced *a..I, him, or filecd him. (L.) (15,) or this is the most common form, (Msh,) (L) , (S, L,) iBe (a man, S, and a horse, L) z"4: (S, L, K :) or elevated and good orfertile ground, in n,hich is no sand nor stones, producing and most approved, (1Sk,) and sometimes; had inflated te.ticles. (S, L.) - Also, II (a so zT.&, except that this latter r,;,l,) and;_i, (lAar, beast of carriage) had his pasterns i,i/a ted with aferv trees; and (s,) and i ,(IA or soft land, in which extensive: and flat more is 1,) with ,. in the place of the _, (TA,) [The rind. When a beast thus affected walks, the Pepedit; is elevation: (L :) or tumid earth, that breaks in ti rennet, or rennet-bag, of a kid or lamb; i.e.] A htimour subtides. (L.) pieces when t,oddcn upon: (TA, voce AtLa.;:) pl. substance that comeaforthfrom the belly of a kid, crepitum rentrisemisit. (S, K.) _ Zi . /la: it has a form of pl. proper to substa. containing coagulated milk which is termed 41, The wind came suddenly. (L.)_ --because it is an epithet in which the quality of a used as a means of converting fres milk into J : The roadcast [or brought] them suddenly Ipal subst. predominates. (L.) tii.A The upper chees: (IDrst:) or a thing that is taken fortA (L.) ;Z.. cJI fiom a place]: [to [or shank, or part of the bone of the jt from the belly fpf a sucking-pig, (or lamb, Msb,) of a yellow colour, and squeezed in come cotton, L4a_i11, inf. n. , tThe morning became ad- tibia]. (·.) (which is soakefl, into milk, L, Meb,) whereupon it vanced, and the sun high. (L, V.) You say (i.e. the milk, MF) becomnes thick, like cheese: (L, also tjll V 1 One who is enployed to blow a fire. 1 -l t Theday became advanced, the or lamb a of ) (g.) (,t) stomach the or (L.) :) M9 b, K sun being high, (S, L,) an hour before noon. kid before it eats: (AZ, S, Msb:) when it eats, it An inflation of a humour occasioned by t 2: see 1. (AZ, S.) F imputes inadver. is called v j,) arising in any part: (T:) diease, (T, 5: see 8. tence to J in his explaining ;1;1 by the terir 0Li. (L.) -. See adW. also as a humour; tern this by it became explain not Msb,) does skin, he a but as ,A5; 1 It (a thing, S, --8. e "-2 A bubble upon water. (L, 1V [but in absolutely; and F adds to his own explanatior inflated, orpuffy; (s, A, Msb;) as also t t_a.aJ is erroneously what makes it exactly the same as that of J (A:) also, it became smollen; i.q. .,. (, art, some copies of the 1S, for [except that he makes it relato to a kid only,] of a fisJ;] air-bladder put I;j.JI.])- [The lie became inflated, or filled, by _&.I which is saying " wlien the kid eats, it," that is the a_i;l a fish, of an inflated thing in the belly [o bigness the 1. _tll See (L.) food. "is called ,- ." (MF.) None but a rumi (as they assert, L,) its ,'~l [app. meaning its 1swelling] of the new moons. Occurring in a trsd. re nating animal has an a..hil. (Lth.) The pl. ii most essential part, or element,] by means of l. of the last day. (L.) [See d 15.) Any " :1, especially [that of specting the signs 5M.l. (@, which it rises in the water, and moves to and fro me aainst inflated became [lie t ;c ntibe hare, if hung upon the thumb of a persor ; (L, ].) - A bladder of a plant (g, 0, L, voce i.e.] he asx antgry ith me. (TA.) Andi i suffering from a fever, cures him. (K.) ,Ui, Lc.) N. an. of Wl (AJn, in TA voce behaed angrilyto hin]. (TA in art. dj. resembling th e t [He i,~~~~~~~~~~~~~~. also signifies A kind of tree ( [And in anatomy, A cell.] J..) hence,] Boastfulnes, e[Flatulence.-And Ij JL C [There is not in the house , t& [inflation with pride] (-, :;) arrogance;pride; and ;. see ,; a_: ii a blower of afire; i. e.,] there is not in the house pride was termed by Mowhammad





or pEffing out, his sides;] inflated, and ready to A boastful, arrogant, proutd man; (S ; do mischief, or evil. (L, from a trad.) and Freytag, incorrectly,~; see J5ur, iii. 43, &c. ] [a man infslated mith pride]. inf. n t A young man (TA) fu of youthfulnaes inf n. ;; (Msb;) and Vt.i , A man, (S, L, 15,) and a horse, (L,) u having i/flated testicles: (S, L, K :) syn. of Jjl. .AI;; (TA;) He blew with his mouth; sen 'viour]; (1 ;) and so [or youthful plumpnes or ' (Mgh, in art. l.) - Also, A beast of carriage forth mindfrom his mouth; (15;) this is done in without , a damsel. (TA.) haring his pasterns i!flated with nwindl: see taking rest, and in labour or exertion, and tb e ofth inflatio Ins is* and ocarr and be (L.) like. (L) &As is mostly used as a neut. v. i t]'. 1 1.
Zi, (V-,) aor. ', [accord. to Goliu a

(TA, art. j.&). --

also ,' ., , as H

any one. (S.)_-


tiU [A man inflating,


:.. ,


C j[BooK 1



Jql and, and







, andLIjudge; (IAth, L, 1 ;) contended, disputed, or iforth from tie other side, or protrudedfrom it,
the rest rest remarning remaining therein; therein; tite the ^ttromity axtremity of It is said in a trad., the of the an.ow arrow passed throngh the animal at which it .4s.U .,JjU ,t1 (S, L) If tlwu contend with mas was shot, the rest remaining therein; (M, L, :;) them before a judge, they will so contend with a part of the arrow passed through, or went a thee: or if thou allege to them, they will allege foriA fortI or protruded from, the animal at whcich it to thee: (IAth, L ;) but accord. to one relation, See .i -... the verb is with 3: (S, L:) and accord. to nwas shot. (A, art ,,.) litigated with him. (I.)
Ul$ Ilall (T L.)

5 '1i~", fem. with,

t A manfu l of fat; (V;:

i7fla ted wnith flaccid fat, and so t 5i, J..; pt. O.cj. (TA.) ~.: wsee what follows.

aJ ji. lle lie nent his way. (TA.) The instrument [I. e. reed-pipe] oJ 8. ,i.Jl1: see 4. f lIe exacted, took, or jj,,WI «j,,' :TThe road was [a thoroughfare (see .Mi)] the pastor, nith nwhich he calls together the camels. received, itfully, or wholly. (IK.) _, '; l1 pervious, or passable, to evey one in common. 1 (A, TA, voce t:.) °?~ Hie exacted the full, or utmost, rate of (MIb.)_ (Mob.) 1 jUZ4 ;oA *gJl L" [This his running. Said with reference to a horse. road is a thoroughfare, along nriich every one OU.JtI t.L t Tihe suggestions of the devil. (M, L.) - C>I .Uljil le dren forth the may pass, to such a place]. (T, M,- L.)(TA.) Z mill. (S.) J oj1 >.tl j.Jl W The house, or abode, [ma.v [was a thoroughfare, and] communicated with' t t Big-bellied; (]~, TA;) [in.flated in 10: see 4. the belly]. - Also, (s1,)t :, (TA,) PFat; the road. (Mqb.) - i . J- /ilie pawed as an epithet; (A, ;) [inflated, or rollUen, witlh !G A man who exerts his whole po~er, or thiwugli througAh the people, and left them behind him; fat]. See j1. _- C A conard: so ability, in contention, dirpute, or litigation, (S, (T, M, L, 1g;) as also 9>ji.l; (L, I;) or L,) and who does o well, so as to put an end to called because he swells out his lungs. (L.) only the former is used in this sense. (L.) See the arguments, pleas, or allegations, of his adl ~ iJ ti The sight reachled .: : A man inflated, or puffed, or filled, versary, and overcome him: (L:) wlo contends also the latter. -y them, and extended beyond them: (Ks, L:) or, with his adversary in arguments, pleas, or allewith pride, and with anger. (L.) See extended over them all: (A'Obeyd, L:) you gationsu, so as to put an end to his argument. say also,.;l'l a i l in tile former sense: (L:) (A, L.) One says, %j l; 1 jj H He e) [or The sight penetrated into the midst of them: 1. ,;, aor. :, inf. n. ;W (Q8, A, L, Mqb, V) has not an aider, or asistant, nor one rwio con- -. a 4· . --05 see sec. 1iJl 1.J - u; Wi t .is judgment was and ., (L, 1,)It (a thing, 8, &c.) pased tend gc. (A, TA.) trating; tpentrati,ng; syn. -r-m i. (I in art. _.) away and came to an end; became spent, exHe acted, or wvent on, with '/ al ei o In him is that which .. YI 5j , i IHe haumted, or consamed; failed entirely; ceased; renders penetrative thte in no ned of any other. (Abooenergy, or with sharpnes, vigorousoyn. ~ ($, A, L, M9 b, K) and S (S, L, Sa'eed, T, L, I.L*) - .. L. 1 ! Veril: nen, ness, and effectiteness, in the affair; syn. ,. ) antl i ! . (L, Mob.) in his wealth is ample provision. (AZ, T, L, I.*) (., I, art. jl; l , ii, inf. n. 1 4. &.,ALI (l , A, L, Mob, K) and t °1_: ~ - i"..'jl 3 (in the TIgl It ti; and 33,ii I [The ) ;ti; [i, letter passed to, came to, or (A, L, 1]) and t ,o.jI;1 (1) lie caued it to pas Thou vilt find in the countries, or towns, a place reacited, reached, such a one]: (S, L:) [and in like away or come to an end; spent, e.hausted, or to which toJfle and in vwhich to seehi gain; syn. manner, J"JI them nusenger: see 4.] . j --- a 3- . 0.. e, consumed, it; caused it tofail entirely; caused 1~ Lt. (g.) See also .Z.. ,..91, and jdll, t The command, or order, and it to cease; made an end of it. (S, A, L, Mob, the saying, was ffectual; had el.ct; was, or 1. sHe set aside, or apart. (IAir, 4r.) '_; ti I.tI.dl, and t ; .., They became, executed, or petformed; syn. ,.r. spent, exhausted, or consumed, what they had. L, g). (ME.b.) (Msb.) iI .i t [Tihe act of emancipation

ti~.(s, L, Msb, 1) and Vt (Mob) Th, another, the latter verb is with , .0tj U. (L.) instrument with t:hich a fire is blown: (Mob, Y :) a blacknmith's bellows: the thing with whirl 6. 13 Lai They contended, disputedl, or liti7 gated, together. (A.) See 3, and see also ISj,.i3, a fire or otheA thing is blown: (L:) the thing with 3.] into which onre blonws. (s.) See also , "'IJl CiA


Tite wound made by a spear or .PiiGo thou from thy place; (L.) [See also -.J]_

the like pansed through, or beyond, the other side.


pax.Y pams thou from it.

(A, L.) ~. .... He spent, exhausted, or exerted, to the utmost his ability or power. (., L, Mob.) -gJl1 .al The people came to that state that their tratelling-provisions were exhausted, or had come to an end: (S, A, L, ] :) or, (in the g, and,) their property had passed away and come to an end. ($, L, I.) 4ijI ,,jxl The weli lost its water. (L, 1.)

1. ,i, aor. ;, (M, L,) inf. n. ;Ui and 3i, (M, L, K,) It went, or passed, through: (L:) or it Nent, or passed, through a thing, and became clear of it. ·(M, L, X.)_,-t I went, or passed, through. (L) - .JI j, aor. ;, in£f n.

had, or took effect; was, or became, ezecuted, or performed: and in like manner, a covenant, or contract, sale, &c.: see 4]. App. a met. expression, from ·.

JI l.

; because there is no

retracting it. (Msb.) .i4 He shall jwige ud4ce between us, and make his command or grder order to have .ect, or execute or perform it. ". SW 'J)l SW~ I [He has ability in ;. and to ezecute, or perform]. (A.) .fairs, afairs,

U and 5i,77T arrow petforated,transrpierced, or pierced through, the animal at which it was 3. .oU, (in£. n. ;.Lt, L,) [He exerted his shot, and rnt forth from it: (Msb:) or whole power, or ability, in contention, dispute, or , .,e-JJ (M, L,) and t. .i;, (S, L,) and litgation, rwith him: see .CJ:] he contended ~, (M, A, L,) aor. ;, (M, L,) in. n. IW (M, nith Aim in arguments, pleat, or allegation, so A, L, 1) and ,Zk (A) and Ii, (M, L, g,) as to put an end to his argumenat, and overcome the arrow penetrated into the inside of the animal hi,s: (L:) or he contended with him before a at vwhich it was shot, and its extremity went

:L.) -,.

2: or see 4. performed: 3. .Ul, t lIe cited him before a judce. It is mid in a trad., Ji.l said j J , l1 If thou cite ,hen themsaying, before a judge, thly will do the same to liwe; lhee; meaning, If tlou say to them, they will took


BooK I.]


-- 0o


. TA place, or way, or intensive epithets] t A man (M, L) penetrating, say to thee. Accord. to one relation, the verb See also 'i. or acting with a penetrative energy, or sharp, is with 3 and j. (L.) [Accord. to another, means, of exit, esape, or safety; syn. C" it is with j and 3.] (T, S, A, L, K.) So in the saying ki6, 31 energetic, vigorous, and efective, (,bl,) in all 5 UL,4; 4. J....a 1,, (A; Msb,) and t ,i, (Mgh,) jU L Slie effected a means of esape from his a.fairs. (M, L, J-.) A . man penetrating, or acting writh a penetrative He nmade the arrow to pierce, and go forth [the naturalconsequences of] what he had said; energy, or sharp, rigorous, and ecffctive, in his t-rotn, or to pasx through, the animal at which i.e., 4... ; J . (T, S, A, L, .K.) It occurs it was shot: (Msb :) [or, to penetrate withlin affair; (S, L;) and Jj,.'11 in affairs. (A.) in a trad., where it is said, that unless a man the animal at which it was shot, and to protrule who has published against a Muslim a clmharge - J *l t ]tis command, or order, ix &. its extremitl/ from the other side, tlhe rest of which lie is clear do this, he is to be punishied efectual; has effect; is executed, or performed; remaining within; accord. to the explanatio:i of (T, L.) -W a snbst., (M, L,) used in the syn. ,to (Q ;) and obeyed; (S, L, MNh, ];") as ,.JI 3i in the M, L, K: or to penetrate the "a .-, .U;;1 A feather, or (Ko.) animal at whichl it was shot, and to protrude a sense of ;i;l: (T,M,L, .K:) 71 Wr sig- also 9J*. nifying t[Tlhe making a command, or order, part (f it from the other side; accord. to the curl of hair in a horse's coat, of the kind vwhich, efectual; mnakingq it to have effect; to be nwhen it is only on one side, is called Aai, but explanlation of , iiU_. in the A, art. .. ]

executed or performed;] i.q. o1lWI: (T, L:) nhich is on both sides. (AO, T, L.) You say also, ,..JI A4 j; [/' made the arrowtc to p,it'ce, or penetrate, him, 4c.] (A.) yon say, o.h~ yo' tIr e commanded that it ,jA.l . IS, and ,and sL . .i., ., ... ...-aJU j &.M) I shot, or cast, at him, and shoid have lfect, or be executted or performed;] anvd .n.l,, [This is the place of passage of the ' S ' pierced, or matle a hole, through hinm. (Mghll.) i.e., ostAW: (M,L:) and, people, and these are their places of passaae]. See 1. _ Jii t[lie. brouo,ght to pa.t .c.jl t [The Muslims accomnplishedthe execution, (A.) - lj. j_.i;'.'. L ; I.. 1This road the command, or order; made it effectual; or performance, of what wras in the Scripture:] is a way alon9 which every one may pass to made it to hatve efect; executed or peiformed it: i.e. ~ i, - (T A L.) su.h a place. (A.) _ ;O ,J In it and in like manner, the saying: see 1].(the road) is a [free, or an open,] panage to, or X: see ,uU. t tie executed, performed, or accomplixited, the for, the people. (T, L.) See also Wic. affair. (M, L, K.) -. iil i l 11e became * - 0.3 .kAi .tAn affair arranued,or made easy. [of entered ] among the people: (M, L :) in the .I -° , in measure like ., [or copies of the K, explained by ;.. i; but the (L.) See also OJ~. agreeably with analogy, as it is written in copies correct reading is _ [as in the M and L]: 3i: see i.. of the T, A, L,] A place by which a thig passes (TA :) or he penetrated into theLn, and went, or through; [a thorouglfare; an outlet; a place walked, in the midst of tiem. (T, L,P ].) See .UU~. [An arrow that perforates, transof egressu:] pl. ,1'. (Msb.) See also ,id. also d4 : __ ?~ ;~.; c ,; (L, L ;) pierces, or pierces thlrough, and goes forth from, 0-*.. and t ejii, (A,) i;nf n. 'L,j; (S, L;) S [He or pas through, the animal at which it is shot; ;. 1-. +Ample room, space, or sope, or accord. to the explanation of the verb in the 4ent, or transmitted, a letter to such a one; liberty to act 4'c.: (syn. 4.~, (M, L, I, TA,) Mob: or, that penetrates into the inside of the caused it to ipa.t to or to reach him]: and in .: (TA :) [ample means of escape: animal at which it is swt, and of which the and like manner, . j; a messenger. (A.)_ ji1 jJ extremity goes forth from the other side, or see also ~ :] you say, Ii,~ *%, inf. n. Wt,· tlie made his covenant, or protrudes from it, the rest remaining therein; Verily in that there is. ample room, scope, or contract, or the like, to take efct ; executed or accord. to the explanation of the verb in the neans [for action, or for escape]. (TA.) See performed it: [and in like manner, an act of M, L, I: or,] of which a part has pased also ·.... ,7. emancipation: see 1.1 (L, TA.) through the animal at which it is shot: when the extremity only has passed through, it is 6. e1il Ijlt;3 tT jeycame to hibn, (namely, termed ...; and when the whole of it hlias 1..i, (T, M, L, Msb, I~,) aor. r, (T, M, ,) a jtdge,) and referred to himn their cause, or ,C. (A, art. _ '.)ad; and ', (M, k,) inf. n. . and ;fjii (M, 1g) stait, for judgment. When each party adduces passed through, his plea, or allegation, one says I_.lh,j, with j, i.iU A wound made by a spear or the like or ;J,, (Msb,) said of a wild animal, (T, unpointed. (Aboo-Sa'eed, T, L,P.*) pasing through both sides: (M, L:) pl. : aS Msh,) a gazelle, (M, K,) or othler beast, (M,) .--- .. S. . , ... .il. (A.) See also A._iU ,O.b tA lie took frighlt, and jfled, or ran away at ,W J !;l- i.q. ;i °; (S;) A wound random; or became refractory, and went arway having a passage through thl other ride; by road which is a tlhoroughfare; (T. M, L, g ;) at random; or ran away, or broke loose, and [pervious;] not stopped up; (T, L;) along .i being meant 'i', or g : (T, L :) pl. 3';1. wrhichl every one may pass. (T, A, L, Msb.) wnt hither and thither by reizton of his spright(A.) K.eys Ibn-El-Khateem says (see HIam. See also _- .JUi sing. of U,vl, (M:b,) lines; syn. J,; (M, I;) as also t, 1.I; p. 8 5 ), which signifies All the holes, or perforations, by (T, Msb, .K;) and so the former verb in Wrhich joy or grief is conveyed to the mind (of a speaking of a camel, or a beast: (L, art. > :) * )I Lal .J ' ' man, Mob); as the two ear-hloles, (IAar, on you say, .. l e;ij, (T, S, M, A, ,) aor. the authority of Abu-l-Mekarim, T,' L, Mob, (T, 8, L) I pierced the son of 'Abd-Il-.'elys n,ith ,) andi the two nostrils, and the mouth, and the wound of one mahing an angry asault, that the anus: (IAsr, T, L, 1 : ') called by the had a passage throulgh, which, but Jin. the doctors of practical law .,1i, whicih is contr. ·- e. ~ ·. · spirtling blood, mould /ham made it show the to analogy: see (Msb.) - J.IJ and light through him. (T, L [See also , .]) ' j. and ' W1 [but the second and thiird are

and ', (T, S, M, .K,) inf . Jn. i and ;liW (T, ;, M, A, 1) and .: (A:) or this signifies
the beast nas, or became, impatienat (A, ](, TA)

of or at a thing, (TA,) [or shied at it,] and retiredto a distance; (A, I, TA;) and t;: signifies the same as j/:


(S:) or ., inf. n. 3.36


[Boox I.


[and ;,h], signifies he Jfled, and rwent arway (TA,) [The day of, and the night immediately us; or made to take fright and run awvay at


preceding, the removingfrom AIin]; after the random with us: or] we nwere made to be persons -.. , day called iJI ; ($ ;) [therefore, the telfth having camels tahing fright and running arvay *. . i· of Dhu-l-.Ii.Weh:] or there are two days thus at random. And ;j~ signifies The chiding caand j and 'I, as used in tbe following caled:(Mo:)jj s # I., ,,I called: (MBb :) Jy;"9 k.JI .. is [the day above mels or sheep or goats, and driving them phrases.] .!)l 1U >. ;it I shrank from the pasturage. (TA.) - [Hence] 1;.J '9, this thing or a#fair; was averme from it; did mentioned,] the second of the days called .iz t [Rejoice people by wvhat ye say, and] do not t.>.*.; (IAth, Mab;) and ' h.' 1 , not lke or appmrove it. And ~.. * J; encounter them wnith [roughnesn and violence and] 931 t [Such a one shrank, or mas avere, from (IAth,) or &AI, (M:b,) is the third thereof: thot nwhich will incite them to j~ [i. e. flight or the companionship of, or the associating with, (IAth, Msb:) the order is this; .;J 3i, aversion]. (TA.) See the act. part. n., below. suh a one]. And ,. ail i,;jlJS i t [The then ;EJI ,5, then Jy1l ,All M,! then 9 - [IIence also,] e.c .,u, (, C,) inf. n. woman wa aver from her husband; or shunned .J .-.. (T, L.) - 4 JI .J 1'. b , (S, M,) (TA,) t Give thou to him a .I [meaning a or avoided him]. (All from the A.) And you or ?s)kJ, (P,) aor. :, (M, ,) inf n. ; ($, N, M nicklname or name of reproach], (?,) or a ay of a man's disposition, j.Il Ci t*.> K) and ;jL (M, g) andS".; (Zj, M, lg;) and that is dislihed: (i ) as though they held such [It shunned, or was averse from, the truth]. t Ij.W; (M, .K;) They wvent, or Tent anay, to be e > al [a means of scaring (Bd, lxvii. 21.) - 1;, '1, in the Iur, [xvii. to execute tih aofai,': (M, 1 :) and in like away the jinn, or genii, and the oil eye, from 43, and xxxv. 40,] means t Save in aversion: manner, J.;;I , to fight. (M.) And lj., himn]. (S, li.) An Arab of the desert said, and "; is likeij; :.and the subst. is yJ, with alone, They went forth to rar against unbelievers When I was born, it was said to my father, two fet-babh (Myb)Jl or the like. So in the glur, ix. 82, 1..' I' 11j ,& ~'i: so he named me ';J [hedge-hog], inf n. ; [and ;:], The thing receded, with- 1,.. .. a:1 _. J3 jL;JI 5 [And they said, and surnamed me I.Il 1 [father of the quick J drew, removed, or became remote or aloof,from Go not yeforth to raragainst the unbelievers in runtner]. (S.) the thing. (A'Obeyd, T, ?.) [See also 3.] _- the heat: say, The fire of hell is hotter]: and Hence it is, I think, that .P is used as sig- so in the same chap., v. 39: (Jel:) and in the 3. [t , inf. n. ;l, t They shinned or nifying : It became swollen, in the following same book, iv. 73. (Bd.) You say also, avoided each other; regarded each otlar with ,, tjU They Nent forth to fight them. (TA, aversion. But perhaps this signification is only words of a trad. of 'Omar: tJL j-- j' from a trad.) Aid 4.11! jl I"i- They post-classical. - And hence, S They (two things) ,AJ p iitt tA man, in Ai time, pickld rwere incongruous, or discordant, each rwith tes hi# teeth rwith reeds, and in consequence his hastened to the war, or to war. (Msb.) other. But perhaps this signification, also, is mouth became swollen: as though the flesh, [Hence,] ia~ IjA.; and t oil, (M, 1g,) inf. n. disliking the disease, receded from it, and so jhl; (TA;) Tlhy aided and muccoured them: only post-classical. See also 6.] became swollen. (A'Obeyd, T, S..) You say (M, l :) or the former verb, alone, they, being 4: see 2, in several places. I_ j; Their also, ,,, aa1 and;, inf. n. J,, 1 His asked to do so, complied, and rwent forth to aid. camels took frighlt and ran away at random, nor. eye becam inflared and swollen: and so you (TA.) _ 4 - : see 2. (~.~d, K, TA,) and became separated or dissay of otlier parts of the person. (M, 1.O) persed. (TA.) - See also 1, last signification. 2..~i;, (T, M, A, Mob,) inf. n.'e; (;) And C.,J1 h, inf n. as above, : The round 5. m Jl X.J: see 1. and t? l; (T, K;) and tj....±; (T, M,A, became sw~n: (T, Mb :) or it became so after 2 healing. (W, i. 42.) And .~I i The Msb;) He made (wild animals, T, Msb, or an 6. [.$p? ; 1 They shunned or avoided one sin became swollUen, (~, A,) and th fleth receded antelope, g, or a beast of carriage, M,) to take another; regarded one another with aversion. from it. (A.) [All these significations seem fright, andflee, or run away at random: (J5,TA:) But perhaps this signification is only post-clasto be derived from the first in this art.: and or he made a beast of carriage to become impatient, sical. - And hence, Alkl . WI The things and to retire to a distance: (A:) or he scared were incongruous, so several other which.follow.] _ or discordant, one with another. away; or made to flue, and go away, or aside, But perhaps this signification, also, is only postidf n. , I betook myself to God by reaaon of or apart, or to a distance: (so accord. to an classical. See also 3.] -- dl " I I~J, or fear, seking protection. (IIBt.)_ ;I., (Mqb,) explanation of the intrans. v. from which it is : see 1, towards the end. See also in£ n. L, (M, Mob, g,) They became separated, l; derived, in theM:) you say W& and t "i;;, in the ]: and compare 6 in arts. M and W. or dispersed: (M,* Myb, :*) and so ; , and t d;hl: and in like manner, 4.s C , and mid of camels. (TA.) Hence, (M,) the s;,, 1 Z. A5l,[meaning, he scared away, or made to ., . .. 10. .. .i ', ! lie (the Imi.n) incited, and saying, :Aoj J .JeJ 4V, (, M, A,) take fright and flee, &c., from him or it :] summoned or invited them to go forth, i J a proverb, in which the last word is used (TA:)" 1 ' ,'.... d * .(TA:) Jt 0 j l, and aa ,,~JI, and .Jl to war against the nemy: (T, Mgh:) tropically; (A;) explained in art. , q.v. . all signify the same, [i. e., the scaring or imnposed upon them the task of going forth to 0~, 0 (s.) [And .i I- -,. e O .e - A' ; exaway, &c.,from a thing.] (S.) It is said in a rar, light and heavy: [see gur, ix. 41 :] (A :) plained in the same art.] -_ .. ~t.JI '.. .. , trad. of Zeyneb, the daughter of Mohammad, or he demanded, sought, or desired, of themn aid. (M, M^b, g,) aor., (;, M, I,) iif. n. ., (M,- 1, TA.) - See also 2, in three places. c/.4 e*nd AJ -_ And see 1, in two places, near the be(M, Myb, O) and .- (M) and j'3 (O) [and the polytheists made her camel to take fright and M], The pilyrim removedfrom Afini. (Myb.) run awray at random nith her, so that she felL glnning. Hence, . 1 ., and AJI, and J.lJI, and . 2 4I1, And in like manner you say, 4'1, and j, : see .U, of which it is a quasi-pl.: _ (., M, i,) and A.,1 i,, (Q, TA,) and jAil, [or I.4 ? Our camels mere scared away wvith and U: - and.;i, or aside or apart or to a distance. (M.) [Hence, i, aor. and :, inf. n. jA and .i6

Booi I.] an imitative sequent to .,



was no good a (TA:) or the original words of ll ! . 9 : and *ea A, the proverb are .j'I these words were first said by Aboo-Sufyhn, with reference to the Benoo-Znhrah, when he found them turning back towards Mekkeh; and, accord. to As, are applied to a man who is held in low and little repute. (Mgh.) [See also Freytag's Arab. Prov., ii X00.] . 6.. 0 .... &c., (TA,) He came to us among his near kinsPA A number of men, from three to ten; i;.i: see ;ij, in three places. men, (T, TA,) 4c. (TA.) And, L,;j3i *:. SA and t 3 y; and V,h: ($, Mb ;) as also Z^;: seeAJi. .,jOA; Our near kinsmen overcame their near (.:) or to en: (so in a copy of the Msb, signify the same; Xl; [and ?,i;] and t?; is a mistake for a. nine: kinmwn. (T, TA.) See alsoei, in two places: [but probably ~ eA/. see and this appears likely from what here follows:]) g, or running away [i.e., Taking fright, andj&l or a number of men less then ten; (AZ, T, M, random: or being, or becoming, impatient, of at Vi; (1) A thing that is &;, (Sgh, 21) and t ;) as also t e; (V;) and so L' ;; (AZ, or at a thing, and retiringto a distance: orfleeing, hung upon a child for fear of, (1K,) or to and going away or asideor apartor to a didtance: T;) and some add, excluding romen: (TA:) S.) - See repel, (Sgh,) th evil eye. (ggh, or the second, being of an intensive form, signiaccord. to Fr, ($,) a man's people or tribe conalso ;,A. that doe so much or often; or fies, as also t;, siAsting of his nearerrelations; as also t ,;; syn. (T, M, 1],) on account of his anger; (1K;) as also t 'i , ? mentioned by ;gh and others, (TA,) and t and o is t'~ to ;, ($gh, 1g, but omitted in (T. K) and t jl; (A,* K) and * 'a: (T:) some copies of the g,) and tdj,* to k.,i, ) and E; 1 ; signifies a man's near hinsmn ( u, (T, S, M, to , and t (T, M,,) rwho goforth with him to war vrhen an event befalls ,) and ~C to a l;, (T, M, 1,) and him or oppresses him severely or suddenly. (TA.) ($.) corroboration. denoting (1J;) ;; to (,· > TA,) . t, j G; a(nd You say, (lAth:) [see also $..h:] accord. to Kr, (M,) aU the men or people: 1 - 1 13 ,), ;Z5 (M, g :) accord. to Lth, you say,+ok i.e. thee are ten men: but one does not say, nor more than j.L: and Abu-l1,ii i,W.,

aj, ($, IAth,) and "-

L9j.: see jU, last sentence but one. ~. and .ubt. a ',_ and from
-,..:see .

mont or apt to do so :] (TA:) and ,d is a pL of is )U, (1(,) or [rather] a quasi-pl., like as ._ of _.L., and j of J3lJ. (M.) You say,

Ex. lj

u 1i;, and t?i., [A beast that takes fright
and runs away at random: &c.:] (M, ]:)

;W [In the beast of carriage is a disposition to 6 (M) accord. to IAar, one should not say 'Abbas says, that ~i;, like..) and J';, has a taker'ight and run away at random]. (S.) And a broken to and applied [unless using it as an epithet pl. signification, without any proper sing.; manner, from `j said of a wild animal. pl. of a subst., as will be seen below]. It is said like in is applied to men, exclusively of women: (T:) (Myb.) [Every one, of j J' in a proverb, tV . it is a quasi-pl. n.: (TA:) and its pl. is jwl; camels, that is lhairy on the face is wont to take (M, 1;) occurring in a trad., in the phrase see Ju. j#i: ' · .6 ,.. and run away at random: see art..j]. fright USIWI h .u.I, which IAth explains as meanAf'j A people hastening to ivar, or to some (M.) You say also t; .' ., (M, ,-) in ing any one of our people; syn. t;4.9: (TA:) other undertaking: an inf. n. used as a subst.: some copies of the IS, j/S, (TA,) A gazelle that occurring, in the accus. case, in the and t;., is (Mgb:) or a people going to execute an affair: takes fright and ies much or often; or that K.*) And it is said in the K5ur, xvii.6,is, Zj, a pl. [or rather quasi. (M, so. do to wont (S :) or a people going with one to fight; as also and .S . (M.) [See pl. n.] of J, like 6OU [q.v.] and ii-: (M, 15:) each is a also e', below.] Imra-el-geys says, describing noun having a pl. signification: (M :) or the ;3j', i.e., ;!,, [As though theyivere asses taking a man as an excellent archer, first and last signify a company of men: and fright and running an.ay at ratndom, that have from a lion:] and (accord. to one reading, the pl. of each is .ijl: (M:) or the first, (S,) fied a hj Po' ..1 ' 0 or all, (1K,) a people, (g,) or company, (IK,) T) t a: , (T, S,) meaning, made to take run away at random; (T;) or preceding in an affair: (S, 15:) or the first, fright and , I those of a man's people who go forth with him to frightened, or .scared. (.)8(S,) And he is such that the animal siot by him war: or it is a pl. [or quasi-pl.] of .ii, signifying .4)l 1' I s rink from this thing or affair; am it; do not like or approve it. Aind from does notgo away after it has been shot and then averse men assembled to go to tAe end?my : (B.l, xvii. 6 :) as die. WVh#t ailetl him ? AMay he be killed, so [Shte is averse from her or aiders, or assistants. (M.) [See vi;, in not to be numbered among his people. The latter o ;,U 't;e, husband; she shuns or avoids him]. (A.) ' two places.] You say, hemistichl is a proverb. (Meyd.) The poet here 6.... The company of the sons of ucl, a . utters an imprecation against the man, but in so and t, :see art. ~ arrived, affair, an execute to cameforth that one, man a of say, you as when him; praises doing U: see i.. means Those of Kureysh ) whose action pleases you, M .ti d I. and (., TA.) 5.* ~ .. .e ,. .,d · k who wentforth to Bedr to defend the caravan of 1 olj&l [q.v.]. (S.) The rel. n. is t L.: act. part. n. of 2, q.v. - t One who from coming was which (M,) Aboo-Sufyin, a also is it (Sb, M.) e [Accord. to the M~b, encounters people with roughsnes and violence [and ; O') that which incites them to flight or aversion: see simple subst. from i: and app. as signifying Syria. (T.) Hence the proverb, ~ especially Aversion.] . -j ~,al [Such a one is neither in 2]. (TA, from a trad.) L.. l the caravan nor in the company going forth to fight]: applied to him who is not regarded as fit for a difficult undertaking: because none held 3,/ :Isee ". - A man's nearkinsmen; syn. back from the caravan and the fight except him ;,.S (T, K) and Ale.i; (1 ;) who are angry who was crippled by disease and him in whom
0 . 0..

;: see)J.

6 *6 ..


see )G ; the first and third in two places. 3.56

* jk..



.[Boox I.

writhholding it from himn. (M, TA.)
1. i, ($ A, M?b, g,) aor. , (- , Mfb, K,) inf. n. ,jij (C;, S) and,;i (Mqb, TA) andjfi, (TA,) He (an antelope) leaped, jumped, sprang, or bounded; ($, A, 1 ;) as also jV;: (A:) or did so in his running: (A,. TA:) or did so and alighted with his legs spread: when he alights with his legs together, the action is termed Ji: (TA:) or did so after putting his legs together: (AZ, TA :) or Ieaped upwoards with all his legs at once and put them down nithout separatingthem: (Mob:) or raised his legs together and put them doren together: or ran at the utmost vehement rate of tlhe running termed jLe.l. (TA.)



being omitted: and &s,j (Mgh.) or

; is used as meaning

(Z.nJ e,.

(s M, K, TA,) and *Jt,

(M,) grant thou to me a delay: or, elliptically, ,i

inf. n. ..Ai, (S, K, TA,) Jie nwas, or became, avaricious, &c., of the thing, towards him, and tlutowht hin, not worthy of it, and was not pleased at its coming to him: (TA:) or [simply] he tho,,ght him not nwortfy of it; (S, M, K;) as

[remove thou my grief, &c.]. .... :.., applied to the


&c.], meaning A prefix r [and its variants j. particle of ampljfication; because changing the aor. from the strait time, which is the present, to v 10.U; of whichi last verb we have an also A t the ample time, which is the future. (Mughalee, ex. in the phrase t.s o..;, used by a poet in _ ! S, .. Ile cracked the bowe: >iil in art. ) speaking of the tribe of ]ureysh, meaning either (Kr, M :) [see :] accord. to ISh, he put (1.) [they tlin,k others not wo.thy of its stringl [upon the bow]. (TA.) L ,i; ,, -.W [they think ,J1 worldly good], or ~ and , (S, I0,) inf. n. a.i, 5,s 3. % I':J yood unworthy thereof]. the possessors of rorldl!l (M.) [See also 3, below.] You say also, C * ,~W, (S,) lIe desired the thing, [or aspiredto it,] V iU: writh generousemnulation; (S, I;) as alsot (K :) and ei ..- L ,,.i [he vied wnith his com~ ; O, (A,) inf. n. o- and, (A,) panion in desire for it]: (A:) or d e IqJL. Thou enviedst me (S, A, $) good, (A, 1g,) or a signifies they deired it [or aspired to it]: (S:) little good, ($,) and .much good, (A,) and didst or they vied, one with another, in deuiring it; or not con~ider me worthy of it. (A.) And O they desired it with emulation; syn. l.".lj: (A, Lt [app. meaning Such ;illj ;..;itl Ax , it is enulously desired; or TA:) [and *, it. a one does not envy us the spoil and the victory.] and in request; or in great request:] or 'X1i (A, in continuation of what here immediately V,',J signify the desir'ing to hare a thing, and What is thiJ A.iJI 1L, , And precedes.) to have it Jor imeylf excclusioely of any other A;; (S, M, A, Msb, envying? (A, TA.) = signifying a thing "good, or person; from ,i, the of some I,) as , Msb, (, P;, aud af;) goodly, or excellent, in its kind:" (TA:) and Arabs say, (M.h,) aor. ; (Mnsb, 4;) inf. n. .,~~1 and cis a_iM~ we envied oiw la. U j.^ ,i, (A, K,) or ,S.,, n (S,) and

2: see 1.


(g,) or 'jA, (, , A,) He,

or she, daneed, or dandled, him, (f, A, .,) namely, a child; (S, A;) as also .jLZ. (TA, art.j.i.) 6. Ilj3 They (children) contended together in leaping,jumping, springig, or bounding, in play. (A, g.) $;ji An antelope's running by reason of fright. (AA, TA.) ;,ii (;) and jj, (g) An antelope that leaps,

jumnp, springs, or bound,

(f, g,) [in one or

other of the manners decribed above,] much, or rehemently. (TA.) ,.. ij.', sing. of



(. , M). and ,,

(M, TA,) or anotherfor that thing, and strom fojin riority ia

, (TA,) which signifies The the first of these ns. is a simple subst.; (Msb;) attaininig it. (M.) See also (iIl iforth; ($, M, 1 ;) and brought woman) (a S She -i.ej is syn. (M.) lejs of a beast of carriage: (1, TA:) but the with whichl _ [ihe brought obrthl a child]: (Th, M:) 1,u (TA.) j. with isg)i, known word commonly kilt It 5,,in two places. = 4. .jAA: see brouhyt fo,rth her chilt]. [he ,.2,* and l6. ,J (a thiing, TA) pleased hin, (4, TA,) and made (A.) You say alio, ; ' J i" 1l ,9; him desirous of it: (TA:) or became highly ,OL, meating, Sach a one inherited thij hefore 1esteetmed by him. (l.itt.) _ .He ,. suach a one nwas born. (S.) _ Also, both these s;)also as madne nte desirous of it; (S, M, A, 1 , only, (Az,, 1,) or the latter, verbs, ( Mi A, Msb, (;, M, 1. ,>;, aor. :, inf. n. (lAir, M, TA,) or e.. (So in my ei j...O, Mgi, TA,) or the latter is the more common, (TA;) e; and * -- (9) and and ;( l lo powerful is hit (K,) the former, which is related on the authority copy of the A.) ~- ;i M.) (Lh, eye! (A, of A%, not being well known, (Msb,) Shel (a evil, or envious, and * V' [, (M, A, M9b,) inf n. 'i; Meb;) It was, or became, higiyh in estination, of woman) menstruated. (Az, Mgh, Myb, K.) [In 5. .!:j [lIe breathed] is said of a man and of high account, or exceUent; (M, Myb, TA;) [highly the C4, a confusion is made by the omission ot a ptried; preciots, or valuable;] and therefore, . bet;,re the verb wvhich explains this last signifi- every animal lhaving lungss: (S:) [or it signifies] (TA,) was desired with emulation, or in much catiou.] This signification and that next preceding he drew' (M.1) breath: (M:) or [lie respired, request: (g, !, TA:) and the * latter verb, said it are tirom i.e.] he drew breath with the air-paLsaes in his meaning "blood." (Mgh.) of property, it was, or becanme, loved, and highly nose; to his inidlc,and emitted it. (Msb.) You :. ;:i .' II smote him with aa [evil or envious] 1g,) Msb, M, (A, ,.h, (TA.) esteemer say also, alul.. 1 -Lji [Ie sighed: see also art.




as u. i He (a man) emitted windfr/om os..a*]. (S.) aor. :, (g,) inf. n. . (M) [and app. -i, (A, beneath him. (TA.) - Also, (TA,) or ,;3 -, or s.: see 4. =- .S> 2. s whiich will be shown below] and al.ti and 4A, ($,) inf. n. : 5 .- o-,,;, 7iol !,s ((,) SHe drank (IK, TA) from the last is extr., (M, TA,) He vwas, or became. Mgh, Mb, V,') and avaritions, tenacious, or niggardly, of it, (C, M, (1g,) v J, n.] [quasi-inf. and Ig) -*" ($, Moh, vauel (TA) with three restings between draughts, Mqb, V,) becaue of its being in high estimation, lHe (God) removed, or cleared away, his grief, and separated the ressel from his mouth at every or excellent. (M,b.) Hlence the saying in the or sorrow, or anxiety: (i, A, Mgh, Myb, i~. :) such resting: (Ii, TA:) and, contr., the latter and A" ,L4 signifies the same; (M, Mgh;) and phrase, t he drank [fron the vessel] without meaning lIe is only avariciousfrom his avarice.] He made his circumstances ample andeacy; (M, separating it from his mouth: (]K, TA:) which TA;) and he (a man) eased himi,or relieved him, latter mode of drinking is disapproved. (TA.) -. , (M,) or . d (TA.) You say, , ; t lie lengthened in speech; he spohe - Also [in the place of s,i], (TA,) He was, or became, syn. ,Oj: (i, TA:) anid also, this last phrase, he i a speaker takes breath, it is easy when fibr long; l avaricious, &c., of the thing, towvards him, or gyranted him a del/y: the objective compliment 1


($, ;, TA.)


I.] with the ,.i ' [or breath]. u;-A m (IAmb.)


Or every used as a corroborative; (?, TA;) its wholk, (Aboo-Is-!Aik, M, TA,) and ewntiadl eonstitWunt: .t1.l signifies the same. (TA.)It (said man has Xl.ti [tro souls]: (I'Ab, Zj:) ,... (Aboo-Is-h/., M, A, 1, TA:) pl. as above, of the day, M, A, and of the dawn, A, and of jiJI [the soul of intellect, or reason, also called J a nd S. (M.) You say, i' 'I other things, M) became extended; (M;) it ZiJ,j )], whereby one dislI uJIl (see t I #am surk a one himself, (,) and became long; (M, A ;) or, maid of the day, accord. crininates, [i.e., the rnind,] (l'Ab,) ore to Li, it advanced so that it became noon: (M :) [or, more properly, L j '. (aee, under or it increased: ($:) and it extended far: and [the soul of discrimination], which quits hint the bead of ,, a remark on that preposition hence it is said of life, meaning either it became when he sleeps, so that he does not understand when used in a case of this kind, redundantly,)] protracted,and emtendedfar, or it became ample: thereby, God taking it away: (Zj:) and ,#, He came to me hinmelf. (s, 1.) And jj ( M :) and, said of the dawn, it shoneforth, (Akh, ,3J1 [thle sul of the breathl], whereby one lire., .~L ... 1 [He muperintended, managed, or conQ, ], TA,) and extended so thlat it became clear (l'Ab,) or ;iL.t - [thelu soul of life], and ducted, the affair in his own person]. (1i, in art. day: (Fr, TA:) or it broke, so that things became when this quits him, the breath quits with it; plain in consequence of it: (TA:) or it rose: whereas the sleeper breathes: and this is the ., &c.) And - ;.! . [ie talked to himtelf; (Mujihid:) or its dusty hine shone at the approach difference between the taking away of the . soliloquizel]. (Mgb, in art. ,i; &c.) And f a gentle wind. (BOl, lxxxi. 18.) You say also, of the sleeper in sleep and the taking away of '..)ki - 3t [Such a one killed himlf]: 'j l I _,__;. S [Lifc became long, or protracted, the ~/6 of the living [at death.] (Zj.) Much and ;A-A .I t made his whole self to fall into has beeti said respecting the ,.; and the C.j; destruction. (Aboo-ls-hluih, M.) And hence, &c., witl hi,.]. (A.) And -z tThe e.4, whether they be one, or different: but the truth (TA,) firom #,_.l j. signifying &ll, (M,) 5 water of the increased. (TA.) - ;: is, that there is a difference between them, since the sayings melitioned by ;h, ; J %..JI v I?T, Tlhe nwaes sprinklled the,ltater. ( R.) I, they are not always inierchangeable: for it is --- ll -;; IThe bow cracked. (S, M, 1.) said in the tur, [xv. 29 and xxxviii 72,] t [I aliglhted in the mountain itself]: and IP£ It is only the stick that is not split in twain that MP_.~; )JI t [The mounsacin itself is facing '~. -_ [And I have blown into ,14iL me]. (M, TA.) [Hence also the phrase] .. does o; and this is the best of bows. And ,_3 him of my spirit.]; not .i.. i : and [v. 116,] in the same sense is said of an arrow. (M.) a .&11 .ij [meaning tin reality; in the thing to him to lengthen his speech; and 1[,.sl ,.. app. signifies the same as ·o.:JI .e, q.v.] 6: see 3, throughout. . The swul; the spirit; the vitalprinciple; syn. 5j: (Q, M, A, Msb, kI :) but between these two words is a difference [which must be fully explained hereafter, thoughi I;d says, that it is not of the purpose of his book, the M, to explain it]: (M:) in this sense it is fem.: (Mib :) pi. [of pauc.] ,AA and [of mult.] ~j. (M, Myb.) You say, 'd.. .. [Hi soul, or spirit, wentforth]; (Aboo-Is-Mi, ;, , Msb, ];) and so .' .;i... (Myb.) And a poet says, not Aboo-Khiirisb as in the ~, but Iudheyfeh Ibn-Anas, (IB,)
~; . l. ',Aa [to be explained hereafter];



, nor would this expression be well Oj.J. 1

itelf]: as in the saying, j i



i.e., [&litn ecaped when the soul was in the side of his mouth; but he escaped not save] with the wscabbard of a wrmord atl with a waist-w.apper. (;.) In the same sense the word is used in the saving, lwi5j lj Ja4 :jl A [but this seems rathlier to mean, it is in the mind of each a one to do so and so]. (Aboo-Is-.1 b, M.) Some of the lexicologists assert the u/A and the to be one and the same, exeept that the former is fem., and the latter [generally or often] mase.: others say, that the latter is that whereby is life; snd the former, that whereby is inteUlecrt, or reason; so that when one sleeps, God takes away his .,.0j, but not his which is not taken save at death: and the is thus called because of its connexion

in hi bi 3 epZ t [Hle held it to be littl in his mind though it was not little in reality]. J..?"l [And they say in their souls, or within (Mqb,art.J .) Thewordsofthel ur, [. 110,] themselras]: for which it wouild not be well to tLS U! Lx Vcl "j 9 U_ Lf _W mean say _j. sj l : and [xxxix. 57,j] j9J il O!L t Thou knorvest what is in nyself, or in my [That a soul shtll say]; for which no Arab essence, and I know not what is in thylelf, or would say .j J_i3 i1: hence, the difference in thine essence: (Bd, ]:) or T2hou knomet between them depends upon the considerations what I conceal (M, BI, Jel) in my mi; [or of relation: and this is indicated by a trad., in nind], (Bd, Jel,) and I know not what is in which it is said that God created Adam, and thyx/elf, or in thine essence, nor that whereof Tliou put into him a y, and a .3j; and that from hoal the knowledge, (M,) or rhat Thou conceulst the latter was his quality of abstaining from of the things which Thou )nowest; (BBd, Jel;) unlawful and indecorous tlhings, and his under. so that the interpretation is, Thou knowest what standing, and his clemency, or forbearance, and I know, and I know not what 2'hou kowMst: his liberality, and his fidelity; and from the (M:) or A is here syn. with a; and the former, [which is also called t;J.l .; ;l, q.v., meaning is, t 1 -; 5,;= t ; in art. .1,] his appetence, and his unsteadiness, (K,# TA;) [i.e., Tumn knotwet what is in my and his hastiness of disposition, and his anger: particularplace of being, awd I know not what therefore one should not say that *J is thc is in thly particular place of being; for] the same as C%J absolutely, without restriction, nor adverbiality in this instance is that of aX1 i, not the same as W-m. (R.) The Arabs also of OA: (TA:) but tbe best explanation is make the discriminative ,.i to be two; because that of IAmb, who says that v.A is )here syn. it sometimes commands the man to do a thing or with . ei; so that the meaning is, Tou knowrest forbids him to do it; and this is on the occasion ~f" [.ty I idden things, or what is hidden from of setting about an affair that is disliked: there- ne, and I know not thy Aidden things, or what fore they make that which commands him to Thou kidest]; and the correctness of this is be a .iU, and that which forbids him to be as testified by the concluding words of the verse, ,i . a. ,. --though it were another and henlce the a.i: -... c .4 il .I [for Thou art he who well saying, mentioned by Z, 4 ~ ,~. ?);,i [Such lknoweth the hidden things]: (TA:) [and here a one consults his two soule, or minds]; said of a it must be remarked that] .rll, which occurs man when two opinions occur to him. (TA.) afterwards in the C as one of the significations [~' k.. i~ is an elliptical phrase sometimes of "aJI, is a mistake for ,il, the word used used, for ; Oi which see in art. by IAmb in explaining the above verse. (TA.) i J] ..t A thing'e self; (S, M, A, I, TA ;) - t A prsn; a being; an individuaal; syu. except from Jesus: and [Iviii. 9,]

[BooK I. ; (Mbb;) a man, (Sb, 8, M, TA,) , altogether, hi swou and his body; (TA;) a living beig, altogther. (Mgh, Mlb.) In this sense it is maso.: (Mb :) or, accord to L4, of , °,~/l;~~ .... -'t t[I saw one I ": the Armbe said, J peron], making it fern.; and in like manner,
; ;.. 1 ;slj

t [I aw two persone]; but

l! t [I saw three ,d they said, Wwl I person], and so all the sucoeeding nutmbers, making it masc.: but, he says, it is allowable to make it mma. in the sing. and dual., and fern. in the pl.: and all this, he says, is related on the authority of Ks: (M:) Sb says. (M,) they said ;A;l ;j, (I , M,) making it mac., (S,) because they mean by vA "1a man," (;, M,)as is : (M :) shown also by their saying _,.* i but Yoo asterts of Ru-beh, that he said e.Z, making ,& fern., like as you say '*

takes a number of gulps, more or less according to the length or shortness of his breath, so that we [sometimes] see a man drink [the contents of] a large vessel in one o,, at a number of Pride:(A, ], TA:) andsdf.magnfication; gulps: (L:) [therefore it signifies sometimes, if -t not always, a draught, or as much as is mal(A,1].) ij. (A, g.)-tDidain,orrw syn. lowed without taking breath:] pl. as above. (s.) - t Purpose,or intention: or strong determina[Pt ," ; jI ; You say, wish, or desir. tion: syn. Z,. (A, .) _ t Wi//, thou thy mouth into the vessel and drink] a gup, (A, g.)_[Copulation:see 3, art. z:j.]-- [tSto- or two gulps: [or a draught, or two draughts:] mach, or appetite.] _- An [evil or envious] eye, (S, '. and exceed. not that. (S.) And l M, A, !, TA,) that smites the person or thing at L.1i1 t [I drank a gulp, and gulps: or a which it is cast: pl. viL. (TA.) ISee 1, last draughlt, and draughts]. (A.) And 'r' JiW signification.] So in a trad., in which it is said, .94.0,,1 , ,, L -- l t [Such a one drank il VJ .A1a that the ai"i and the i~ and the .. ' are the of the vel at one gulp: or contents whole the only things for which a charm is allowable. at one draught]. (L.) - t Every rating beteen evil :S[An I,tG' (TA.) You say, 'A Gi (M, TA:) [pl. as above.] You And two draughts: or envious eye smote such a one]. (a.) Mo4ammad said, of a piece of green fat that he say, .~..l; LL t'A [He drank with one rational and animal souls; and such are most of the significations here following.] - t Knowledge. (A.) [See, above, an explanation of the words cite4 from ch. v. verse 116 of the !Cur-in.] lmeaning, resting between draughtas]. (A.) And S There wrre upon it seen [evil or envious] eyes. s,AW X;%j t [He drank with three rstings [And hence,] (TA.) - t Strength of. mahe, and hardines, of between draught]. (A, 1g.) jh ,S 1 t Beverage in which is amplene, a man: and t clness of texture, and strrngth, threw away, ;l' ;'. tji jl, [so that one pauses while drinking it, to take fis thirst. (IA*r, ]g.) breath,] and which satis t Beverage of ditagree~ able taste, (A, ]~,*) changed in taste and odour, (5,) in drinking w,hich one dos not tae breath (A, O) mhen he has tasted it; (g ;) taking a first draught, as much as mill keep in the remains of life, and not returning to it. (TA.) - [And hence it is said that] ,,i signifies t Satisfaction, or the state of being satified, with drink; syn. And i .#

, St, meaning, of men; and ',, .. L meaning, of women: and it is said in the l~ur, ; LqJ.i t [who [iv. 1, &c.,] ;-_1; created you from one man], meaning, Adam. tI saw l i A"", (M.) You also say,

Punish. of a garment or piece of cloth. (M.) ) '.x. , not there anyone. (TA.) - t A brother: (IKh, mcnt. (A,.) IB:) a copartner in religion and relationdlip: in the lBur, [iii. 27 and 28, meaning, And God (Bdl,xxiv. 61:) a eopartnerinfaith and religion. maketh you to fear his punishment]; accord. to (Ibn-'Arafeh.) t It is said in the fur, [xxiv. 61,] F; but others say that the meaning is, Himself. 13d nd U"J A;l; 15 1j& k:Z 0 ,;1 when ye enter houes, salute ye your brethren: (I B :) or your copartnersin religion and relationship. (Bd.) And in verse 12 of the same chapter, . means t Of their copartnersinfaith and religion. (Ibn-'Arafeh.) - S Blood: ($,M,A, Mgh, Myb, ] :) [or the life-blood: in this sense, . (IB:) fem.:]pl. [ofpauc. ,l1 and of mult.], so called [because the animal soul was believed by the Arabs, as it was by many others in ancient times, (see Gen. ix. 4, and Aristotle, De Ammim. i. 2, and Virgil's AEn. ix. 349,) to diffuse itself throughout tho body by means of the arteries: or] because the ,,.A [in its proper sense, i. e. 'the soul,] goes forth with it: (TA:) or because it sustains the whole animal. (Mgh, ·Mylb.) You say, (v.) A quantity (?, M, j,) of JI.i, and (TA.) of other things, nith wvhich Aides are tanned, (e, g,) nsuffcient for one tanning: ($, M, .:) or enoughfor two tannings: (TA:) or a handful (M.) You say, ,. thereof: (M:) pl. il.



S. , [H/s blood flowed].
I [PFlowing blood]. (S, A,

And l3;L ,

Mgh.) And -A .ji $ He shed his blood. (A, t [SomeTA.) - 1The body. (?, A, J.) times it seems to signify The stomnack. So in
,... 5..

the present day.

You say, .

_.WJ, meaning See 4 v , in

He was sick in the stomach.

;fl 3. [Give thou to me a quantity cSJ .. .~ e (IAar, IC.) - [Hence also,] t Planty, of mnaterialfor tanning sufficientfor one tanning, and redundance. So in the saying E.JI ... i . orfor two tannings, &c.]. (.) S [Verily in the water is plenty, and j .. redundance, for me and for thee]. (Lh, M.) Ji. [Breath;] wrhat is drawn in by the airt a distance. (A.) A wide sipace: (TA:) o --- a , y . · 'passages in the nose, [or by the mouth,] to the I e.t I Betreen the two You say, -&iJ e inside, and emitted; (Mqb;) what comes forth parties is a wride space. (TA.) And j 3 s (Mgh:) from a living being in the act of ,.~.3. 1 Between me and him is a distance. (A.) or the exit of windfromn the nose and the mouth: Ample scopefor action ,Jc.: and a state in (M:) pI. sl_ijl. ($, M, A, Mgh, Msb, B.) whtich is ample scope for action 4c.: syn. i., gentle air: pl. as above. (M, Msb.) -A (S, M, A, Mgh, .K,) and 1;.i, (A, K,) in an [The breath of. the JI A._ You say also, U. ) '. affair. (S, M, A, i.) You say, ,. [breath or] i the smeet and ai.,. j wind]: [There is ample scope for action 4'c. for thee in odour [of the meadow, or of the garden, &c.]. this. (Mgh.) ;; . i, And .L51 i [Hence, app., its application in the t [Thou art in a state in nwhich i ample scope for (TA.)phrase] .LJI uj. [The blast of the last hour; action i4c. with respect to thine offair. (S, M.) iVork thou , i e lel meaning,] tho end of tim. (Kr, M.) - [Hence Aid also, tSpeech: and hind speech: (see an ex. while thou art in a state in wrhich is ample scope


day: in the g, art. ~_., applied to a woman's mtlva.] - [From the primary signification are lowed at once in drinking: ($, L, derived several others, of attributes of the requires consideration; for in one

) with respect . day.] - [And for action ,lc. (,, in art. voce I.-.. l:) so in the present and U; and se ;.. old age, and extreme before affair, thins to t Voice, or a sweet voice, in singing: so in the jd - ]t [The pudedumn: so in the present present day.] - A gulp, or as much as is sn,al- diseases, and calamities. (TA.) See also ;L.
:) but this ,i a man l ,. lLength. (M.) ;: So in the saying l>;.j; t [Add thou to me .7length in my term

BooR I.]
(M :) or lengthen thou my term of life. (M, K.,) which is also the only instance of the and r; and Wt/i, (i,) and [In his kind except ;, . S ' ... (TA.) You say also,t , (K) and and . (M, IM) (M) and ,j, life is length: see 5]. (A, TA.) - Tile pl., in , ($, M, g) and [accord. to analogy, f. the accus. case, also signifies t Time after time. ~ il in the saying of the poet, o80 of li/e]:

see :, in three places. See also

l"h. -1 Smiting with an evil, or envious, eye. (S, M, If.) = The.fifth of the arrows used in tlh

game called .2I;

(S, M, f;)

vwhich has five


, ,l·,

1>;I..Li&i 2


s.; .



, (: see or or ,hLi: see


notches; andfor which one is fite portions if it be successful, and loses five portions if it be unsuccess.iful: (Lh, M:) or, as some say, the fourth.

[O0 my two eyes, pourfortl aflotn of tears time _. 6--i · after time]. ($.) -- I~Lk is also a subst. put in

a. :---. a nd "-i.

JI5 d,,1 .I Titis is the most loved and kgihly

Uj~~~t.: see

,.W t Childbirth (S, K) from ,the place of the proper inf. n. of -,.Z; anld is ._ so used in the two following sayings, (1s, TA,) " blood." (Msb, TA.) See , Aof Mohammad.




l -

) state of impurity consequent upon childbirth. See '1

signifying esteemed of my property. (., TA.) -- aU 'uJ [And The L."Il J.J1 S[May God cause thee to attain to

.jji, _jl

i. e. t [Revile not ye the nwind, for] 5, in art. Jr.]

the most protracted, or most ample, of lives: see Also, I The blood that comes 5]. (A, TA.) And t.5.t; ',J O;; S Th'y

it is a means nwhereby the Compassionate removes forth immediately after the childl: an inf. n. used house is more ample, or spacious, than my house: grief, or sorronw, or anxiety, (.K, TA,) and raises as a subst. (Mgh.) - A poet says, (namely, (M:) and the like is said of two places: (M:) .a -, .,-eli , the clouds, (TA,) and satters the rain, and Ows Ibn-Hajar, 0, in art. ~3b,) I.i I:11 and of two lands. (A.) And -,i ' dispels dear,th, or drought. (K, TA.) And garment, or piece of cloth, is wider
I' j.

t Tltis

5i f grief, &c., from the direction j .Z1 ; t A garment, or piece of , And i of ]E'l-Yemen: meaning, throughll the aid and [We utter a cy; then Ieep a short silence; like cloth, the longer and wider of the two garments, one that has never yet brought forth hospitality of the people of El-.Medeeneh, who as nwhena or pieces of cloth. (A.) were of El-Yemen; (K, TA;) i. e., of the An.srr, elxpriences resistanceand dijculty in giving birth

and longer and more excellent than this.


Lord's renwval

who were of [the tribe of] EI-Azd, from El- to a child, or young one]; meaning, . 1



; for the latter, throughout. ,, see It is [said by some to be] a Yemen. ) -I/, whlich the act of j,J An envious man: (M, TA:) one rcho S metalphor, from ,lJ at intent, injurious wit/h eye, eril an with looks its breathing draws back into the inside, so that Brought in two places. ,i;:see ,,# beat becomes cooled and modenrated: or from ttie property of others: (M, A,* TA:) as also l, A, Msb, Ig.) It is said forth; born. ( M, (A.) ~t 9 od.*i, whlici one scents, so that thereby t i, (TA,) or iL. ~' Y" epX ,i Aj yl in a trad., /i. he refreshes hlimself: or firom a.; J1 ' , t [Tlere is not any soul born but ",II .. 1 high in estitnation; of high thing say, meai, A also You (TA.) (TA.)
(TA.) You also say, L.-~ L*, meniing,


; I Tlere is not f,r me any removal, or clearing applied to a woman: see L... (S.) _ '.., and therefore (TA) pectious; s valuable; r 1Iired; an as used is (A.) eIit awaeey,# of rie y, 1 ' . ... It an l also used aG is also off,'ie./:~(A.). ai~~vay, = Stmitten with an evil, or envious, eye. (M.) epithet, signifying t Long; (AZ, If;) applied J, TA ;) good, goodly, or excellent, in its kind; to speech, (s,) and to writing, or book, or A place of passuage of the breatth.] . [.ii so and (iM,) same, thc signifies i l Vt and ;) (TA letter. (AZ, IS.) S,.See also .~. e , .~s: see ,, ., (L!., M, A, Mshb, K,) and tVia: does*t L', (., Mgh, K,) with damm, (K,) [in a (14:) it signifies thus when applied to property, [Breathing;] having breath: (TA:) .^;; (S, copy of the S, ';,] t Delay; syn. a+-; (Lh, M :) or having a sod: (so in a copy of the M:) an as well as other things; as also t .": (TA.) Mgli, K ;) and a,,le space, syn. . and, when so applied, of which one is avaricious, epithet applied to everything having lungs. (., have, shalt ,r t [Thou , I.i Ex. L-. ,Uj . A depressed expanse of _ so applied, abun- TA.) --or tenacious: (M :) ort *o, (S, space]. ample and a delay, nffair, thiL in 1 (Fr, ].:) land extending far. (A, TA.) _ .. ,dlant; much; (K;) as also t ,.: ' Mgh,* TA.) See also -. and f S., a thing of high,account or estimation, 1 A nose of rwhich the bone is wide and depresed; or depressed and expanded; or a nose spreading [is"" Relating to the r,,, or soul, &c.: and an object of desire: (TA:) this last is also (A, TA.) upon theface: syn. ,ll. applied, in like manner, to a man; as also ,: .] t vital: and sensual; as also VL' *s5 : see__ £4 ,S1 and the pl. [of either] is JAil (M, TA) You ,, l, meaning, A thing that also say, t b AL"' (M, 1f) t A woman in the state follo,ing A thinfg * l;; tt is desired. (M.) And childbirth: (S, M,* Mgh,0 Mqb,* ] :) or bring(A.) ing forth: and pregnant: and menstruating: emuloudly desired, or in much request. (., 1. ,;^;, (8, A,) aor. ', (S,) inf. n. ;, of quality the in which epithet an [as Also, A, K,) He separated, or pluckled asunder, or (Th, M:) and iU6 signifies the same; (Mb ;) a subst. predominates,] MIuch property; (S, A, loosened, a thing, with hisfinfers, so that it became ;ljL.A; :] dual e and so t ,i,:: (A:) [see :i" spread, or sparse, or dispersed; (A, i ;) au also (.) You say, 5 'i. 1 ;) and so t Ji l9s: in as j into changed being . the fem. and .e Such a one has much property. (..) V : (.8(, g:) or the latter has an rki, inf. n. (S:) pi. ,Wli, (S, M, Mgh, Msb, J,) like as intensive signification: and accord. to some, the ts and v Ii And v*A1 other only the If,) (S, Msb, is pl. of ,!, ; [Much property does not rgjoice me wvith this former signifies he separated a thing not difficult to separate, such as cotton and wool: or le pudl W,tS and I,) (S, instance of the kind, affair]. (S.)

account; excellent; (Lh, M, M.b, TA;) [highly its place in Paradiseor Hell has been written].

'i" (Th,S, M, Mgh, Mqb,l, &c.) and;l. and

[Boox I. wool until its parts became separated, or pluckedi not fat, then let there be wool;] meaning, tIf asunder, or loosened: (TA:) or he spread, or dis- there be not action, then [let there be] a shown of action: (IA~r, Az, L:) or the last word signifies persed, a thing. (MF.) You say, c J a little milk: (Meyd, cited by Freytag: see his and .J 3 !ll [I separated, or plucked asunder, or looseed, with my jfingers, &c., the cotton and the Arab. Prov., i. 70:) it also signifies, [and perhaps in the above saying,] I abundance of speech or wnoolJ. (f, A.) ' is likewise syn. with talk, and of pretensions. (MF.) ~ See also 1, [thie separatiigand loosening cotton by means of And see Pu.i a bow and a wooden mallet]. (TA.) You also at the end. ay, a.LjJl ;.L, inf. n. as above, meaning, Hle ,1 t Proudand boastful; or one nwho prnises separated wrhat was collected together, or corm- himselffor that nwhich is not in him; or who says parted, in the [kind of trefoil called] .2:j. (TA.) that wn,hich he does not. (TA.) = A hind of ,.* And, of a cock, (T, ;, in art. J,,)or of R 'jl.., [or citron; the limon sponginus ruyosus Ferrari; (K~, in that art.,) when about to fight, (T, K. (Delile, Florae Aegypt. Illustr., no. 749)] of the ibid.,) W.' 1 ; [He rufled the feathers around largest size. (TA.) hia nckh]. (T, ~, Ig, ibid.) - It is also intrans., u i, applied to a camel [and to a sheep or s?ln. with ..AhI, q. v. (TA.) - [And llence,] goat]; fern. a..L ; (Msb);) part. n. of 1. (Msl), accord, to Drd the ,)rmer only J, (,utaccordMb, to accord. to 1Drd tbe former onily, but accordl. to TA.) You say, 4li Jt (NMsb) and others the latter also, and in like nimainer one says [quasi-pl. u. of il.] (S, l'A IK)and , (Msh) and of all beasls, thioughl mostly of,., (TA,) aor. ' Ji. (S, K) and u [pls. of .lU] (TA) and that what was upon it, of dust 4c., might fall off (S, A,' Mghl, K,) or to remove from it dust and tiew lihe; (Mqb;) he took a thing with his hand, and shooh it, or shook it violently, to remove the dust from it: (TA:) and in like manner, a tree, in order that rwhat ras upon it [of fruit or oj' leaves] might fall of; (S, A ;) [as, tfor instance,] a tree of the kind called 6., qff its leaves. (A.) And (TA.) You say also,
. .. '.

to shahke

litIl and ,j.dJI [lie shlook o. it thle dust].

i, inf. n. as above, [re shook j?the leavesfrom the tree;] he made the leave.s to Jaill from the tree. ( And ! also signifies The sprinkling or sCattering in drops, (syn. water, wZ,,) and blood, (A, IK, in art. , ;,) and tears, (K, ibid.) &c. (A, ibid.) _- [lIence,] t JI 4 ' (S, A, K) S The fever ~nle him to shiver, or tremible. (As, TA.) An,d 6,yJl I (.,) or (S,)

5mJl ' 3l

or Cj- ; _J (A,) T he worman bore (S, M.s, 1) and , (, n. ,) in. (M ., l, [pl. of U]., (., IS,) [and in like niannIer many children; n,as prolific. (S, T, TA.) And 1;,) or ,hf., (S,) or both; (TA;) and ;' : ae a psun b night ";'~.'.,,,]CameLs [and goats] pasta,Anyj by/ night .9g i t 'The slhe-camels broghlt forth, (S, aor. :; (lAgr, Sgh, K;) The sheep or goats, and without a pastor: (S, MJ), K:) or dispersing 1 signifies the camels, pastured by night without a pastor: themselves and pastu ithout know- L, K,) all of them; (L;) and t ;' . 2 Z ~~~~~~! theinsloes andl b by night ti!yht n-ithout knonvthe samnie. (IDid, S, K.) Andl , l ': (S, M ,1, K :) or without the hnonwledge of a l)astor: ' A (TA :) or dispersedl thenmelres by night: (A:) or de [of the pator] (TA) are on b [7'he hen la til her eggrs; or all her eggs]. di.xpersed themselves and pasturedlby night n,ithout niighilt; bilt J.^, by nighit and by day. (.S.) (A, TA.) - [Hence also,] , J ti lie knonwledge [of the pastor]: or the xAheep or goats. aros., shaking of? dron'sine.s]. (A, TA.) And ~(.) entered among seed.-rodauce: (TA:) occurring iu ae an l oob ensofthebou t,, ted the anu looxexied 7y means and oA ebon, n,ooden .G iC , [lie shook off maInthe lur, xxi. 78: (~, TA:) the subst. i uj,s mallet: (Bd, Jel, ci. 4:) and in like manner, dies from him, and recorered from his si'knuss]; signifying their dispersion of theinselves and pa... turing by night mithout a )mastor. (MIb.) ; ' t u .. [cotton that is separated, or plucked i.e. his healthbecanme in a sound state. (A, TA.) asunder, or loosened, nwith the fingers, so that it And ,.~ ' .~, (A,) inf. i. . , (A, K,) 2: see 1, first signification. becomes spread, or dixlsered; &c : see 1 and 8]. lie r,ecover,ed, or becam'.' free, fro' his d.sease. 4. Aill J;A, (S, A, Jn.) and (i, K>l K) (TA, voce * t )See also ;ie below. (A, K,'TA.)_ And .. ~ 1 :j ; tI


entep.ed amon

rratig in

'L4 C>v&


Wfool ,,f

.oor w'"-ioi in

lie (thie pastor) sent the Aseep or goats, andl the . *'*': '.I . - see camels, (K,* TA,) or left them, (S, TA,) to pas- female slave having shaggy or dishevelled hair; tIre by tiilht nwithout a pastor; (f, ]g, TA ;) . 4 o neglecting them: (TA:) or to dispersethemselhcs (A;) i.q. itU. (.K. ) _ ; is likewise by night. (A.) ; applied to anything Swn-ollen, or humid, and loose 5- i.11 .. -* ( A; , a * 1 (, A) orJlaccidor soft within; as also t (Az, 5. ijJ ,.,. .i , A ' 9 a nid (E,A,) * * The cat bristled up her hair. (.S, A, .) K.) You say And also, nose ort in like manner you say of a hyena. (A, TA.*) in the 09L. [or soft part], and sprcading upon And 4sJI Pj,d,:.,ji_5jj (A,) or,5Ll ,(g,)and tha face, like the nse of the th.,ehl, it j]: (A:) and (A:)an

shonwed hinm nwhat wtas in my heart. (Er-R.ghihi,

TA, in art. ,. and e .) _ And ,! , ' ]Ie cleared the road of robbers, and 2ntercepters
of travellers: he guarded the roadl. (A, TA.

(A, TA,) The cock, (A,) or bird, (I,) rtffled, (A,) or shook, (i,) his feathers, as thouh he Jflared, (A, 1C,) or threatened, (A,) or tremnbled. i.ed l [sinifing ols. (acotton, thi~~~~~~ng,osrito, It (a thiing, Itor anid wool, and the like,)

8. ;^;;1 i.q. ;;^;usedimitmnsitivelv, [signifyin',r

8.. .iit

~ .q. useinrstev,[i




sela ated, or plucked asunder, or loosened Prith~~~~~~~~~~~~ parces. writh the fingers, so that it becamne spread, or Jparse,

[The latter signification is shiown ly an explilnation of the act. part. n.]) It is said ill the trad. of Alboo-Bekr and the cave [in which Mohamnimad was hiding hlimself], .J t l I guard what is around thee, and !o round about to try if I can see a pursuer. (TA.) You say ; ;.'1x has the like signification; as also also, ejtJ. s,, (S, K,) nor. as above, (TA,) T (TA;) or it means an nd f a nose int: n. -S; (S, TA;) and t ' 1, and spreading upon the Jace: (1] :) and V : 4.i: ; (S, K;) I He looked trying to see ull ' in like manner, wide in the two that tras in tie place; (S;) or he looked at all . that was in the place so as to know it. (]K.) And See like,)-" nostris (TA. (TA.) See also hentice ,, signifies t Hie searched to the utmost. : see in tiree places. thre e !,i (L.) Anid L1J 5i1**




or dispelsed; &c., being] quasi-pass. of ..i used transitively. (TA.) See also ,,,. And see . 5, in two places.

1 (, A, Mgh, Mb, K,) aor. , ( speakest by nighlt, lower thy voice. (TA.) And Mg.b,) int. n. , ,, (S g, 5s.b,) lic stJ/oo , Wool. (IApr, V.) [Hence, app., the (i, A, Mgl, Mah, K) a thing, (Mgh, Mb,) or a ;il1 t ,a.tRe looked at the people, or t comnpany of men, endeavouring to obtain a clear .,i 5, [lit., If tihere be garment. or piece of clothl, (., A, 1.,) in order '- " saying,]

~,jaJ (S, ,* TA) t When thou speakest by dtlay, look aside, or about, to try if thou see any one whom thou dislikest; (S, K, TA;) and when thou

Boox 1.] (TA,) He (S, TA,) inf. n. .;, 2. ,, knowledge of them; or considered, or examined, (TA.) a tree, know them. and them repeatedly, in order to shook a garment, or piece of cloth, much, or rehemcntly, in order that what nas upon The sayilng of El-'Ojeyr Es-Saloolee, it might fall off. (8, TA.*) _ Said of a horse, say also, *.IJjI

$t He took extraordinary
pains in cleansing, or he cleand entirely, (-.1_,)

the penis from the remains of the urine; as also (V;) and th,;ilt [alone]: (TA:) and t this last, he sprinkled some roater upon his (TA pudendurm after tlhe ablution termed ,.y;. l: ; ' in art. Ca.)- [Hence also,] "L.'

i.q. ~,i;, q.v.
means t [To a king whose eye] looks at the people, or company of men, anvd knows who among tlem has thle right on his side: or looks to see in whonm among them is mental perception, sagacity, intelligencc,forecast, or shill in affairs, and which of then is of the contrary description: (TA:) means t[The eye 5 J1 .J-' i [or] . 41 of] such a one makes the people, or company of men, to tremble, by reason of his awrfulness. (A, J0'l t TThe TA.) _ You also say,

(TA in art. ,dj.)

.,) or

JI ;
L.: ,;




;l .. (TA:) see 1.._ see 1. originally signifies They shook theirprovision-bags, in order that the dust or the like might fall from ,F'ic What has fallen, of the produce of a them. (A.) And hence, (A,) Their traveUing- tree; (TA;) wvhat has fallen, of leaves, and proisions became consumed, (S, M, A, K, TA,) of fruit: (S, Msb, 1:) or a thing that one and their vwheat, orfood; (M, TA;) like 1j4a;1; shakes [or has shaken] of: (T in art. gq :) (8, M, K,* TA;) as though they shook their the measure W0. in the sense of the measure provision-bags in order that the dust or the like of in the sense of (S, Msb, TA,) like , might fall from them, because of their being 3J9,

camels traverse the land.

: "', (S, TA,) and ;.;. in the sense of empty; (TA;) as also *t ji : (.K:) or -z;, yI; , making the ;a.j.: (TA:) and (l, TA) nwhat hasfalln, ,,.,lA, (IAar,) or j..JI, (.K,) aor. ', inf n. , (K,) or, as IDrd says, ,Ij (1Air,) I He read, or recited, (IAgr, .K,) the verb trans., (TA,) They cotsumed tlheir travelling- (TA,) of grapes, [in the Cl4 we find _.1 ... provisions. (IDrd, K.) And I Their camels, or Ku-d4n, (IApr,) or the chapters thereof. (K.)l 4., the reading in other copies of for . andV ai; t tL I 1; the like, (.Jlyl.,) died, or perished. (S, .) And L;5 _ ih, int: nI. wn,hen they are found ( . [in the CV. the ~,] : We milked our'n,ilch beasts to the uttermost, not oit; [the inf. n.] also signifies t The suffering thus, with t, and with the unpointed ,]) .,j, *-;l leaving any milk in their udders: (TA:) and hunger, orlimirnic: and want. (TA.) one with another, (Jl. TA,) or cleaving one to see -ci;. t tie young camel 111: Jil $ ,;lM t%Zt 2 Li another: (L, TA :) or what has fallen, of dates, sucked out aU that was in the udder. (A, TA.) 5. lkll a.;J: see 1. at thefeet of the palm-trees : (M, TA :) or what [It is also used intransitively in the following garment, or a Msb, Mgh, (a thing, It c,i~1 8. above. given hasfallen, of fruit, at the feet of trees; as also instances exs., as well as i sollme A) shook, tree, S, and a S, A, K~, cloth, of or piece (A:) or V this last signifies leaves ? ji%1;1: Thus ~Jt ,1i aplp. signifies The trees slhook of, so that K,) MOb, Mglh, A, (S, shaken, became or or dropped, their leaves or fruit. (See an ex. q. v.; as also that are shaken off upon titse ,btl, what was upon it, of dust 4c., fell of, (Mgh,) or lhenlce] And one.) but voce W.&, last sentence like as 3J . so that the dust and tle like became removed from t eliJ [which is-app. pl. of ,, . i . [app. meuninig WUtat it. (Mob.) Hence the saying in a trad., lai;; is pl. of ..]: (ggh, IV:) the sing. of u,eiJUI one says, ;).jl ! lx was in the palm-leaf basket became exhausted; (TA.) [See also Lt.] u., d., i.e. [The bridge extending over hell will is * like ,;; or it may be syn. with u~.;l]; (A, or] it: fiom fall ntill he that so him shake wnith [app. quasi-pL oft Juu., like as,Li. is of l [all that was in it; which n:ill shake him, or shake hi,m violently, or [app. a ;?,3] J A people, or company of men, whoe~ Lt ~ ;) or shows that Lt in the former instance is virtually mistake for and] make him to fall. (Mgli.) travelling-provisioun have become consumed. (ISh.) in the nom. case]. (TA.) See also 4, in two t He trembled, quaked, or shivered: said of a i. i; : The shivering, or trembling, attending a places. - And .. I1 wah;, (ISh, Mgll, K,) inf. man, and of a horse. (A, TA.) - t It (a grapevine) became beautiful and bright in its leaves: as s;)also *t4-AtijL't; (8, fever termed (TA,) SThe dye (ISh, TA,) or , n. i, ( :) [as though its dust became shaken off.] (ISh, ], TA,) of a red or yellow garment, or it is also used transitively: see 1, latter half: and (Sgh, R) and t _. [See also '..;j - (;, /.) piece of cloth, (ISh, TA,) lost somen'hat of its see 10, in three places. which seems to words, these [from The subst. colour. (18h, 1~, TA.) And hence, (Mgh,) indicate that they are inf. ns. or from ;:; I The people, or company of 10. .sleii:. ... 1 p,M, (A, Mgh,) aor. . (A,) inf. n. , ,,&1I, which precedes them in the 1,] is (A, Mgh,) I The garment, or piece of cloth, lost men, sent forth a liA, (S, 8,' TA,) or party t tiW [app. signifying tA hivering, or tremout, its dye: (A:) or lost somen hat of its colour, of of scouts: (TA:) or sent forth 3.ia, or persons rednes, or ye~lowness: (Mgh:) or the colour of to clear the roads of robbers and of intercelters of attending thatfever]. (g.) - t A rain which its dyefaded awvay so that there remainednothing travellers, or to guard the roads. (A, L, TA.) falls upon a piece of land and misses awother to the accord. but the trace. (TA.) J, piece. (S.) [In the O and V1in art. .&, written 'iJI .i ; ,l: and .. ;1i: see 1, in four lawyers, signifies tThe being scattered, strevn, :.--;;.t also signifies S He extracted, places. streted, or dispersed: and accord. to [the ganafee it. (A, Mgh,* ].) You say, elicited, or educed, ImAm] Mo]ammad, the non-trausition of the ,-La : see aaeiJ, in two places 1* z; aiZ t I extracted, educed, or elicited, trace of the dye to another thing: or its exhaling 6'
-Jl: -_

(IAgr.) -



a seet odour. (Mgh [but it seems that the particle ', which I have rendered "non," is inserted by mistake in my copy of the Mgh.]) pre ; a, (TA,) JM., (,) or >N _ i ast of its ears. te put forth seed-produce t T t The grapoe-ineopened l (, TA.) Andr e. (J.) [8ee also L] it bunchs, or racm

what he had. (A, TA..) - And hence, (Mgh,) -a-'.l S He performed the act of cleansing (Mgh, ],) with three stones, termed o'.!, (Mgh,) or with the stone: (I:) or this is from 4;,1 dJ^i; because the person who performs this act shakes off from himself what is annoying, with the stone; i.e., removes it. (TA.) You



;Lhi: see ;. : see 1;iL: and see_ Also, and

W. li;,

b,eW: see oLi.M.


282 failure of traulling,-provirions; i.e. their being consumed: or dearth, or drought: (S, K:) the latter of the words, and of the explanations, on 'lU;JI d. the authority of Th. (9.) Hence,

[Boox I.

A, TA,) and desited, (A,) '., a cout, or scouts, stationed on a mountain or eggs, ( 'C other levated place: (TA:) or one who guards or become weary. (TA.) the road: (A, TA:) or a company [of men]: .,. (TA :) and t the latter, persons who clear the for the former, in two see ut; .. :a:: roads of robbers and of intercepters of traveUers; planet .JJI, (9, ],) a proverb, meaning, : Thefailure or who guard the roads: (A, TA:) the pl. of ..... of proiionu, (TA,) or dearth, or drought, (., (S ;) which also signifies the former is ,,i5; M xade to shiver, or tremble, by fer. , ], TA,) causes the camels, drivn or brought if know to order in pebbles throw Who persons (9,g.) from one place to another, to be disposed in 4ls for sale, (C, ~, TA,) in order that their there be behind them anything that they dislike, ' a; owners may buy provisions with their price. or an enemy. (!.) - Also, the pl., t Lean, or (TA.) emaciated, camels; (S, ] ;) accord. to AA, as ($, Mpb,) or -, (QC,) aor. , ai 1. ej occurring in a verse of Aboo-Dhu-eyb, in which _iW: eeme sli: and ,d^. mA piece of ii (S, Myb, ,) 4 (Mob, ,) inf. n. I and he says, cloth upon which the leares of the _ and the a,or. and L; (K;) or, accord. to AZ, ei5; * t42~s1 vesJ~t241 like fall, it being spread, (C, TA,) and the tree ', inf. n. M and i;;; (TA;) His hand being beaten with a staff, or stick: (TA:) pl. (., TA,) In wrhich the lean, or emaciated, camels became blistered, or vesicated; it had water, or and ,=;: (I :) and [in like manner] * , cast the shoes; meaning that these have become fluid, betwveen the skin and tlhe/~eA; (AZ, Mb ;) signify a garment of the kind called dissundered; or, as Akh says, the thongs so i. q. t Wl '.a; ($, ;) as also *- L* (s:) of fruit or leaves [or ,a the *,L', upon wohich , called [by which their shoes are fastened], these or it became ulceratedby work. (K.) q. i. signifies J _? or TA:) but (A, road; a trec]fall : being dissundered; & 5 referring to the aor.-, inf. n. ei-; (ADIt, , g) and JI, dates which ) in t mentioned ( roads, essel a the i. e. e to .. , (R, g,) some read, ti, referring (TA,) She (a goat) did what smas like sneezing AA: as well as o/W, ,e. reads Aq dust :) the (TA remove before: to shaken are land grain] [app. meaning scatteredforth moisture or (;.i as (., TA:) but others read the word with 3, camels: pl. of ,,ai, and signifying "jaded" (so in a copy of the S :) or `,W signifies camels wehich traverse the land. (IAar, 1.) - The sing. is also said to signify Waters where there esj t A woman having many children; pro- is not any one. (IAar, Sh; both in the TA, :A , A, g.) lifi. q. v., and the former also in voce *.)a, man who considers, examines, or studies, slVeech, this art.) or language, or dIoes so repeatedly, in order to Afotion: and tremour, or shivering; obtain a clear hnowledbje of it. (TA.) (O, K.) [See V . and t as also V* *8' ~u,, Wi, What hasfaUen in consequence of shakalso .] ing to cause something upon it to fall; (S ;) what t A fever attended nith shivering, or ,P.i has fallen from a thing so shaken; (IDrd, K;) w,hatever it be; as, for instance, of leaves; and trembling: (S, A,* :) of the masc. gender: (TA.) - A garment of the kind called jlj rworn by boys: (9, K:) pl. as above. (TA.) You 4e t , (., K,) meaning He has say also, ; not upon him any clothing. (Ibn-'Abbid, 1A.) in particular, when mostly, of leaves of the j. collected antd beaten o [or rather beaten off and collected] in a garment, or piece of cloth; (IDrd, sigq. v.;] and t ,.tc L, TA ;) [like ,,i, nifies the same; (S, I ;) and ~ ,.' t also. (K.) And What remains in one's mouth, of a .51j. [or tooth-stick], and is spit out; or a particle broken o therefrom, remaining in the mouth, and spit out; i.q. (I A9r.) 9,) and O1 WJ (IA,r, (ISd, ]:) but applied as an epithet to [which is fem.]. (TA.) Contr. of J.Lt. c the litke]) with hernose: (AD, :,, K :) or enezd. ai -. i , (K.) It is said in a proverb, ,' revenge will not be taken for meaning t Bloodhim; i. e. for this slain person. (TA.) - Also,

($, C,) aor. ;, inf. n.
pot, j,) boiled, (S.

4-, (S,) It (a cooking,) and poured forth [some

of its contents], (S,) or so that it threw forth what resembled arrows; (TA;) a dial. var. of He was angry: ;. ($.) _ JaA, aor., ; or he burned wvith anger: as also * J:. (og, GI LJ J, ($, TA,) rhii TA.) You say, 1 Verily such a one burns with anger: (TA r) or [meaning boils rcith anger: or it is like ; makes a noise like cougAing, in anger: or bloms,

I A company entforth into the land to

see whether there be in it an enemy, (S, J,) or which has lost its dye: 4. JakA It (work) caused the hand to become not, (]~,) or any [cause of] fear; (S;) like gannent, or piece of cloth, (A:) or which has lost so~ hat of its colour, of blistered, or veoaicated: or caused it to become [pl. of · el* ; (., TA;) as also t L; ulcerated. (Y.)Y [See 1, first sentence.] (Mgh.) redne, or yellownes like as .;iL is of vJLL:] (S, :) or , abi 5: see 1, in two places. ;, in three A-UI: see .. jl: pl. the former signifies men going before an army, places. '.J1 [for iili, in the CV J ,] 6. :) as scouts, or eplorers: (AV, in TA, voce t trows forth foam; (V;) a lle cooi [i. e.*3'], 4J_:e;, (A,) or a.t or men rwho explore a place thoroughly: and also, I dial. var. of ,iW [q.v.] (TA.) a single person: (A'Obeyd, in TA, ibid.:) or I (TA,) t A hen that has laid her eggs, or a herA 1

($:) [for the inf. n.] it"L signifies (S, in anger]: the doing what resembles coughing: and blowitg, '.j~l You say, ut. i o.) in art. on an occasion of anger: and so OiS. (TA.) ,. (i,) which is the (S, K,) and at. said of an antelope, Also, (Ig,) aor. ;, inf. n. Lti,, , . Jait and (TA,) more approved form, in the ], being a mistake for JJI, as L.-1 (v,) the latter word being sometimes thus used as in the TS and L, (TA,) t He uttered a sound, or an epithet; the second meaning t Fever took him, crj. (T8, L, ]g.) - t He (a man) spoke, or or affected him, with [a shivering, or trembling, talked, uninteligibly; (K, TA;) as though by or] violent shivering or trembling; (TA;) [and -J-A tHis reason of his anger. (TA.) - ' tho first and third, ter attenduled with shivering, anus emitted wind ,ith a sound. (I bn-'Abb&d, .) or trembling, took him, or affected him.] 1 See 3: see 6. and _ -,, ; CA also -a:

283 Boox I.]
sb,) away, through the land, or cotntry: (K:) [in [or rather this is a coil. gen. n.,] (M .e .t accord. to the T, Pustules vhich corn ., the CV and some MS. copies of the 1 ,we (Mgh.) 2Il. (Mgh.) and kI, O~bt/. k, and rworA forth upon the hand, in consequence of the to with kesr J li .afterwards find a . ; . ,r naphtha] fil of water, or fluid; (Mgh;) blisters, orJmWA place fJull vwhence -o[or *--or proceeded, he signifying as , explained i. i he provesicles, upon the hand; a contraction of as also * bt6W; jou^neyed, throntIh the lands:] . 9 extracted; (El-FAirhbee, M sb, K;) country: the through journeyed, or ceeded, ;) ;i but the former is the more known; (TA (K;) . which is pl. [or rather coil. gen. n.] of t pro. ]theyte [ur (IAr:) £15 1 pro1.3.5J generated; a mine, or source, (IAqx:)~~~4 where it is I2L [itur, a cs place l, place and i; sometim( sometimes contracted into 't (Igh, M sb) a word similar to ^_jk(Mgh, thereof; ...efawrsmat M.b) ceeded, or ijourneyed, through the lands, seeking i:(M 9 b:) or '.a, .·JIt is used as pl. of ' or they tracersed the a place of refuge: ( S:) an d and ;5jt3: (Mgh:) pl. ,;At . (M sb.)- A for signifies [simply] a pustule; as also * !, thereof; lands, and journeyed through them, much, 4'c.: means n kind of lamp made to give light by it t (i;) and the lawyers call 9 (]; is the (Fr.:) or they went about and about, and former the but (K;) ce as also tZti; n whe place "a from this word as signifying in a verse ., (TA.) - An instrument with searched, .c. (Zj.) ,t1 more known. [originally] an intensiv e or it may be ; 1 issues," the tracts through journeyed I of of Imra-el-l~eys, w) hich J is thrown; (Mgh ;) an instrument , sb (M i, L t and Also, act. part. n. (M Sb.) _' (TA.) nent. is throwvn, (l, of the earth, and came and J.i in which .1, copper, or brass, d1 , (L, TA,) , (Mgh, Sgl *TA,)and fire; (TA;) t ,or L and n *JI ..,or. and or * ji of 4.1, which is ) a 1 o.j K,) The small-pox: (Mgh, .gh, M s.b,K ithrown: (Msb:) pl. as above. (Mlgh.) Yolu an( t,itl,(L,) Thecamel7walkedbarefooted,syn. an ; in the TA, without [so 'E11 " accord. to Z, * t .,u (L, K,) until his feet became worn in [The 7y,'jl '. C ;ot"1 r,say syll. signs,] signifies, in the dial. of Hludhey haring in their holes: (TA:) orp " ... ] , (S, ,)and ,, in children and in sheep or goat ts. throwers of naphtha went forth, .small-pox the feet becamne tlhin, [or nere worn hands the instruments with which to throw it]. (.K,) the (anel's See also what next follows. (TA.) thin; whichl is also a signification of And secJS. Secalso Jl, ne . s --- a l (Mgh.) of LIS, (S, MShI, .K,) thcfbormer o J.; and t Our feet became thin l;.,l; K.) _ . se Zj*0. . whicl;is the more chaste, (ISk, S, Msb, K, er the skin, and blistered, by reason of w alking. a p-i in P o iJa8e lati the or (M1sh,) or, as some say, the latter, patched the boot; lie ', aor. ,, n:or foam, having bubbles: (Az, Msh:) Pl.JaIY (L.) aid petroleu m [VNalphtlha: K,) is a mistake, (A, Also, lie made .. ) (I patching. bff repairedlit ? il, (TA.) both so called in the present day :] a certain o the boot thin: he made [or nore] holes in it. re (.,) well known, (K,) with which cam ls a -, TA,) aor.:, (inf. n. ,.1 ,i, _ _ see .(Msb.) ~.~ galls smeared for the mnanye, or scab, andl through, worn or The boot becamnte laceratedl, iUs *~~~~~~~~ the back, and tikes; it does ,tot inclu(le what K,TA.) [And in like manner in holes. (.S, &c [ n, :(ISd, 'rA :) or, accor.d. to AH termed TIe sole of the Jboot of a camel or of a man: See Supplemenet.] accord. to A'Obey,l, i.q. i. -m,: i.q. e below: and see an cx. voce JI.] _ jsee an hut Al.n denies this; and says tihat it is 11e (a horse) iut his aor. , inf. n. ,, ., of a mounotain, [foun d] exudfing fluid (>_) ., [for together in his i.unning (o4 ..r , n. @,Lfeet inf. st; nor 1· ~t~, in the bottom of a well, with which fire is kindle, Golius and Freytag ap)pear to have read which ,pepforated, _,lie n. int. aor. , 1. it; (TA:) the best is the white: it is a dissolven . nd psierced, bored, or mnade a hole through, or in, and opens obstructions; removes the colic; a L.',] 1.,) not slreading his Jfre Jfet, his o, . (TA.) lIcmade in or into, anything: like . killswornms that arcin the vulva, when used running being [a hind of] leaping. (TA.) wall. (S.) - 4 a holea through '; -- l.) I i a hole through a wall. (8 of a suppository. (g.) the manner inve$aor. :,lle stcrutinized ),.L~,) I d~ ~, in scrutini:ed, ie , aor. the of navel the perforated farrier) (a ', Hie aor. 0 : inquired or into, examined into, searched beast in order that a yellow fluid might issue titated, the news; (K;) and, in like manner, .. ,. .into, kU: .S 0 ' * : see ia, throughout:- and , aor. anything else: (MF:) [as also t : see the s.eaJt ;o.. See forth ~~~for explained above:] or , *JI % f, ie performed, upon the eye, what phrase inf n . . the last, see also !l."i. : *" the news. (.) related, or is called .. JJ in the language of the physicians; he told, announced, *.gjI *-~~~~~~


, a,sy

Jf a .




eAh see _"

'AWt;#; Froth,i,te





Verily aI yjls .c 1j for the black fluid tit i.e., a remedial operation and scrutinie to commanded been not hae I in the eye: from the phrase next following: [accord. to the CJl, but erroneou ly, aries aip (IAth:) [but this is not a good explanation: reveal what is in the hearts oJ'men. (TA, from ~tZ]: see ab/WL, in two places. ..... the meaning is he performed upon the eye the atrad.).nor.-J, inf. n. &ttl, ,.,& A.~ti J inf. n. or. , a in so cataract: the for ,A% A hand ulcerated by work: or operation of couching, !d. his people; was their over the,., as acted lie modern: and ancient works, many Arabic ,,id, :) but of a man who was not (, : blistered, or vesicated; having water or flu t (IbrD :) the couching-needle is called -, and 9t with betwnen the skin and the flh: become so, you say ,, has and , . .J1 i , in the present day]. fand He th fet-dy-, pre n he d1,r,inf ; r, a of (1;)ted ao 1 jl . He (a farrier) pierced a hole in the amm, aor. , inf. n. 4 f ; f signifies the same; and so , wi which last, however, ISd says, it is thius rela of hoof of the beast, in order to extract what had becalne ; (Fr., S, ;) as also M, aor. : V :) or &W with kesr is a subst.; and , (IItt, (aor. ,m entered into it. (IAth.) _ by the lexicologiqts; but there is no way and fl is an inf. n.; (~, I;) like £ it for fet-h, with accounting for it in my opinion; accident, evil an misfortune, A TA,) ,L, n. inf. as JaI. (TA.) [Golius also mentions * A .. , aor. so says , Sb. ;,(S..) the or a calamity befelU him, (V,) and overcame him, -': signifying A hand afected with pustules; on cloth into a of piece the made He .. : h, n. inf the [In (TA.) %. rith or ajflicted him; like authority of Meyd; and it is agreeable w (S) analogy.] , is put U.) -,J.J91 CIg, for




. ,,,


A thrower of J ; [or naphtha]: pl. aor. ', and ,,.


and t .,

He went, or went

2: see 1.




lowers it further, to [the lower part of] the circuit I met himface to face: or ithout appointmes rt, .IJI 81 *4J sLtr [Such a one puts of the eye, it [the veil] is called %.1;;and if it is (!i,) and unintentionall: (TA:) or una - the tar upon the places of the scabs]: said of one on the extremity of the nose, it is [properly] pectedly. (S.) ii W is in the accus. case as an who is clever, or skrilful, and who does or says called ;Wl: (T:) the e1W, with the Arabs, is inf. n.; or as a word descriptive of statCe. what is right. (A.) [See also *'Id.] that [kind of oil] from out of vwhich appears the (TA-))_ Uti sC)l ;a;Ss (S,) or A.JI mZi circuit of the eye: and the meaning of the saying tt1 , (4,) I came upon the water :iy; , and, as a fem. epithet, trLit, * epcted A camel in a trad., a._ . O;11 is, that women's shewing Without sehingfor it. (S, I.) twhose fcet hrve become worn in hole, [or worn the circuits of the eyes is an innovation; not that thin,] by walking. (TA.) See the verb.they used not to veil their faces: the [kind of] 4: see 1. - .. l His carmner feet becanse The former may also signify Raving the scab, or thin; [or Nere worn thin;] (S, g;) or we .,iW which they used reached close to the eye, r rrhatfi ppeart s thereof (TA.) See . and they showed one eye while the other was worn in holes by raUling. (TA.) _ concealed; whereas the [kind of] ,A,i, which became a door-keeper, or chamberlain; Aralb. ,: see L. onily shows both the eyes [without their circuits], n.,"? .: (4 :) or he became a . (I L 3;i A mark, tarce, or testige: ex. i , c was called by them 1.0j [a mistake for elj] 4, &c.) Upon him, or it, is a mark, *c. (T.) - See and `3.: [in the original, 5'1 a;o ' ,lil Uj t 5: see 8. - -. A.4; t Rust, (K,) upon a sword or the tJI ,~1 ijL .b dlA : but the j before i1_~ is 8. -.. ,i,: (S, g, Mb) and V -,.. (Mes ) head of an arrow or a spear: (M:) or ,.L [i.e. erroneously introduced, and perverts the sense, She (a woman) wiled her face with a yt.i ., t ,q.v.,acoll.gen.n.,ofwhi c h ib.~ is the n. un.; which is otherwise plain, and agreeable with what or , pl. of j ;] signifies t tracesof rst upon is said before :] then they innovated the [veil (], , b.)_ 1 t,;3: see_. a sword or an arrow-head or a spear-head, likened properly called] .l;;W: (A'Obeyd:) pL . and t A road throghA a (S, ))and 'L (i) A hole, pr.rforation to the first appearances of the scab. (A.) m (Msb.) .- = or bore, (],) in, or through, a wall, (S, , ; Theface: (S, .K:) or the parts surrounding rugged tract of ground: (K:) the former word or anything whatever: (TA:) or a larye hole , the face: (L:) pl. £~. (TA.) - t. A gar- used both as a sing. and a pl. ('TA.) _- "i (a perforation, or bore, passing through a thing went resembling an tjl, having a sewed waistband strange form of epithet, M[F,) ! A man of rjeat such as is small being termed .. , with .±i knovledge; very knowving: (S, :) or possessing a 3 . or string, ( 1 :L. : so in the 8, M, L: (Mgh, in art. ^:) pl. of the former ,a whence it appears that the reading in the If, knonvledg! of'tliirns, or affairs: or, as also t, , .. (Msb) and 4I mentioned by IAthl and Z, a man poueWsig a t1 and 50l. (TA, and somi e 4 a;+_..., is erroneous: TA: [F having, it knowledge of things, nlo umtinize or ivestigates copies of the ].)_. (1 ) and t?l.; (S ) seems, tbund l"~ written in the place of them mucl; tvlho is intelligent, and enters deeply An ulcer that arise in the side, (8S I , ], f, nwithout a ~j [whlich is the part into tlings. (TA.) -- yW The belly. HIence attaching the inside of tie body, (8, ISd,) ane ) * ,:] turned down at the top, and .~ed, through which the proverb, UA ) XAj- [CTwo young having its head invards; (ISd ;) [as also t 1 bird in the maistband passes], ($, K,) tied as trousers, or for] one beUlly]: applied to two things that resemble .L/tisignifies ulcers that come forthi in thee drawers, are tied: (.:) or a pair of trouserx, or one another. (I.) side and penetrate into the inside. (TA voce In like manner one says drawers, having a waistband, but iritlout a part ,1f See ' ._... _.1, 1 ($, ]) and V l ULc [Tlrhe/ mere in one belly]; turcd down at the top, and sewed, for.tIhe aist(g) and * ' and * U" (S, ]i) A road (or band to pas throjglh: if it have thiis, (i.e,, a ,i,) I meaning they wrere like each other. (A.) narrow road, TA,) in a mountain: (ISk, S, ]:) it is called j?.;L: (TA:) or. a piece of rag of ". i.q. ... L, A thing peJbfirrted, pierced, a road bet,een two mountains: (IAth :) pl. (of which the upper part is made like drawers, or l 5bowed, or hacing a hole ,nude th:rongh, or in, or the first and second, TA,) 4.;t (a pl. of pauc., trousers: (L:) or a pair of drawers, or trousers, i itto it. (TA.) _ d musical reed, or ppe. A TA,) and U.i; (];) and of the third and winthout letgs. (M, voce 0· -I;1, TA.) m !' The ( (K.) - The tongue of a pairf of scales, or balance. state, or condition; quality, mode, or manner; fourth , ,~J'. (TA.) See also 1~;. state with regardto apparel 4c.; external for'm, tK.) - A dog having the upper partof his wind"i (]s, ,) and ,,i (g: but the former is figure, feature, or appearance; of any thing: pipce (a.-i: so in the 8, g: or having his the more common: TA) and t ,.indpipe, , ,.: so in the A) perforated, (s, (1) [the first syn. a'i. (T.) - . Colour. ($ , .) _ ~,) in order that his cry may be Neak: a base is a coill. gen. n., of which the n. un. is '01 [q.v.], UiM,> 9; A horse of beautiful colour. nan performs this operation on his dog, in order of which it is called in the Sthe pL: but $ is (TA.) - See also ei. that guests may not hear its cry. (,: and the the pl. of 4 :] Scab, [or Scabs,] (g,) absolutely: ike is said in the L.) ~ fe The intendant, i.; A mode of wiling the fJizce with the 1: i (TA:) or scattered scabs (., ,) whAen they .irst uperintendent, overseer, or inspector, of a people; (g:) pl. appear: (. :) a.,l is thefirst that appearsof thie (T (T. .: (.)A who takes notice, or cognisance, of their actions w scab; and is so called because the scabs perforate Verily she has a comely mode of veiling her fare and is responsible for them; iq. 'i°c and the skin: you say, of a camel, !4 4: (A :) the with the .,W. (TA.) .&^jtZ and ,E: (8, :) like Set; and first that appears of the srab, in a patch like the ,~Li [A woman's face-ril;] (s, I;) a eil k,5: (Zj:) their head, or chief: (TA:) like palm of the hand, in the side of a camel, or on his that is upon [or covers] tihe soft, or pliable, part haunch, or his lip: then it spreads over him until of the noe; (AZ;) [not extending higher:] a -b..M [q.v.]; i.e., one who is St ovr a people, it coDers him entirely. (ISh.) Mobammad, roman's veil that e~tds as high as the circuit nd investigates their afairs: (L:) or, as a some denying that any disease was transmitted from of tide eye: (Msb:) it is of different modes: Fr s1 ly, the greatest, or supreme, cihief of a p :opl: one thing to another, and being asked how it was says, Wheh a woman lowers her ,.rW to her eye, s called [from % d "he scrutinized, or investithat a ha spread in camels, asked what trans- it [the action] is termed £Loj; and when she gated,"] because he is acquainted with the secret

3. sU, inf n.

as also

"; Ji; mitted the disease to the first aLmeL
i ql

[Boot I.



BooK I.]
, . _


affairs of the people, and knows their virtues, or | ears inclinedt to the singing of the drivers]. But 'a _. [aor. .1 He mined. or comfound&d. his -I generous actions, an4 is the way by which one ; t Wil, " by reason of their pleasure," is also discourse, like as one mies foold. (v.) _-' obtains knowledge of their affairs: (TA:) pl. read, for 'I Wl: (TA:) [so that the meaning is 3 ,s 1b, [aor. ' ,] (and t 1, TA,) He hurt him i,. (S.) The cheeks of their rwhite camels were inclined, by by words. (g.) ... l , aor. a_ ', inf. n. . reason of their pleasure, to the singing of the i;46 The ojFce of '. (Sb: see 1.) He dug up the earth with d hoe or shovel. drivers]. (AZ.) _ ' ^; .(or, accord. to the TA, Zei? Mind: syn. ,.. (S, K.) You say r The navel: or [a place] before it: (K:) : >, ) and , He H dug up the earth ;i.;J, 3jj Such a one is of a fortanate wvlere the farrier makes a perforation in order from a thing. (g.). - , ' JI ; (aor. ', mnind, (A'Obeyd, S,) when the person referred to that a yelUofluid may isue forth: (S:) so in a inf. n. ;, TA;) and t .^:51; and tV L; is fortunate in his aflairs, succeeding in what he horse. (TA.) - See . (TA;) JHe took out, or extracted, the mnarrow seeks after, or strives to accomplish: (ISk, S:) A n iron instrument with which a farrier from the bone. (I.) See also " :. (TA.)... or when he is fortunate in his counsel, or advice: (Thi, 8:) or the phrase signifies such a one isfor- perforates the navel of a beast of carriage (S, J) ) .:, inf. n. ,.J; and * ,L, in£ n. ; tunate in his actions, and in gaining what he seeks. in order that a yellowJluid may isueforth. (S.) ) le removed a thing. Ex. 't 5 ': She (TA.) See also wlut follows. &",i is also said, See , aSc A3. and used not to remove our wheat, or provision, nor' i;: see i. narrow nway betweee .standing, intellect, or intelligence); but, says SM, itwo houses, (L, KI,) along which one cannot pass. I have not found this in any other lexicon: only (L.) It is said in a trad., that one does not I have found the word explained in the L as signifying JaUIt (good fortune attending, or possess the right of pre-emytion (a;i.jl ) with respect to a LL.; and this word is explained resulting from, an action): so probably JUS is a as signifying a vall: syn. L3l_: [and so in the mistake for ja. (TA.)_ Also, Coutnsel, or r :) or a way between two houses, as though it advice. (J.) See above. _ Also, Penetration were perforatedfrom one to the other: or a road, ofjudgment; acuteness; sagacity. (Ibn-Buzurj, or way, over an elevated piece of grotund. (L.) = K.) Also, Nature; or natural, or native, A tirtue; a eaceUllence; contr. of i": disposition, temper, or other quality: (4:) i.q. (S:) a cause of glorying: (}(:) generosity of 4i. and $b and .. (T, art. .a:.) action, or conduct: (L:) a [good disposition, or Agreeably with this explanation, thc phrase above niaturalquality: [sec a j: (TA:) a nemorable, mentioned is rendered in the T, in art. L50, Such or generous action, and [good] internal quality: a one is of a fortunate nature, or natural dis(A:) pl. "-G;: (TA:) "G J.j A man position: (TA:) or it signifies, in this phrase, as of memorable, or yenerow, actionu, and [good] also 4~, i.q. ,;i, Colour, comnplexion, species, internal qualitiew. (A.) 4c. (IAgr.) Also Z,I C~ j He is of a good nature, or natural disposition: and in like manner, 4.'t vril s 5L Such a one is a 1.; i;, [aor. ',] inf. n. ; H e took out, person of good dispos.itions, or natural qualities. or extracted, ma7rOw [from a bone]. (K(.) Az, (L.) ~ .A A she-camel havinj a large udde.r: quotes, from Aboo-Turab, on the authority of (ISd, J:) haring her udde;r bound up with a Aboo-'Ameythel, ,~Jl :...i, and " , The cloth or the like, on account of its greatness and marrow of tihe bone was taken out, or extracted. excellence: but AM says this is a corruption, and (L.) And J says, .JI.L aor. ', inf n. ~4;, that the correct word is az'.,i with ,b, meaning is a dial, form of s , meaning, I took out, or a she-camel "abounding with milk." (TA.) extracted the marrow [from a bone]: as though aut: see-. they had changed the, into Zo. (L.) But it is said in a marginal note in the S, Aboo-Sahl ,.,..J and Z,. [the former omitted in some El-Harawee says, What I remember to have copies of the V] A disease that befalls a man in heard L ', aor. ', inf. n.. ^;;, I took consequence of long sluggihnes, or indoence: (g:) out, or extracted, the marrow from the bone; or, as some say, the ulcer that aria in the side and so * with the three-pointed Zo; and

in the K, to sigblify the same as J3; (under-

to take it Jbrth, nor icatter it; but kept it faithfully. (TA, from a trad.) 2: see 1. 5. -^ He endeavoured to make a woman incline to him, and to render her affectionate to him: (I:) as though he drew forth her love, like as one draws forth the marrow from a bone. (TA.) _- ' See 1. 8: see 1. * Malicious, or mischievous, misrepreentation; calumny; dslander. (IAIr.) .,LtL (in measure like.t4) i. q. The hyena. (]s.)



3/i q. t,h.

(TA.) -

a; ,

?.-J' ;4L in art. t..)

-. (TA voce


1. L

nor. , (inf. n. a,


TA,) He

peeled, or barked, a thing; peeled off, stripped of, or removed, its outer covering. (4, TA.) ;- 11d, (Mqb,) or L.J, (T,) aor. ', inf. n. 2, (M~b,) lie pared, or trimmed, the stick, or staff, by cutting of its knots: (T, Mb :) and in like manner you say of anything from which you pare off somewhat. (T.) -_

JI .


inf.n. ~ ; (];) and '.,..L;, (1g,) inf. n. - ;- (S;) lHe pared oj the knots of the
palm-trunk: (J:) or he pruned, or trimmed, the trunk of the palm-tree, by cutting of the stumps of the branches, or by cutting off the ,, (TA,) and t Il, (li,) He stripped of the ornaments of his sword [to sell them] in a tins of dearth and


8ee .

;ei; and- ' *.. (TA.)


4 .


a pl. without a sing., The ears: (M,

1,) or, accord. to some, its sing. is
El-Kagumee says,
* #a .

uperfluu branches. (..) -_


1. -^;, aor. '; and t %t ;;, (inf. n. S,) and 1 . -i; He hastened, was quick. poverty. (], TA.) _-;", , aor._, ($,) 41 (6, [) _1; ~4.j,s I wentforth hastening. inf. n. .; (TA;) and ". (in£ n. (S.) .. ; t and ^ent He ,?, S;) and t* &m..l; (., ;) He etforth hasing in his pace. (TA.) tracted the marrow from the bone: (S, 4 :) or

2836 A;.. has an intensive signification. (Mob.)

[Boox I. (a worm) ate the trunk of a tree, and rendered it hollow. (L.) I He (a boy) grcm up into 1..t1.^11 'oL (S, A, L, M,b) aor. , (L, manhood. (i.) Msb,) inf. n. ,j, (L, Msb, 1V) and ;U ; (L, iij [properly an inf. n. used in the sense of a K ;) and * (S, L, Myb, I) and ta ijL; pass. part. n., and thus signifying " paid," Cash, (L, ;) lIe picked, or separated,the money, or or ready money: or simply money]. You say pieces of money, (Lth, L, K,) and put forth the L [Good cash, or ready money: or good bad; (S, L, ;) hepicked, or separated, the good .t. money]: pl. ... ; . (A.) lj;.ALJl signifies moneyfrom the bad: (A:) he examined the money, or pieces of money, to pick, or separate, the good Silver and gold money; dirhems and deendrs. frJom the bad: (Msb:) and the verbs are used in (TA in art. o,. .) ._ Payment in cash, or the same sense with respect to other things than ,ready money; contr. of ;:;.: (L, ]:) the pieces of money. (J1.)[i, aor. ', inf n. giving of a.; [i. e., cash, or ready money]: (K :) J, q. v. infra, He gave cash, or ready money; [an inf. n.: see 11. - __ u .. 1 The piece of paid in cash, or ready /noney. Ofteu used in this money is of full weight, (8, L, C,0) and good. sense.] l oJ.., nor. ', inf. n. a; (, L.) LI. ~ !L. ,L.' [Tlst is a lHe gare him the price in cash, or ready money: hundred, ready money of the peop;le] is a phrase (L:) or simply he gave him the price; as also used by the Arabs, in which J is meant to be oI dJi ij: (A:) and lI;,JI o.i, and understood [before .. I: i. e. L;.JI is for .n.o),JI 4J i, he gave him the money, or pieces ~,,tU; ahd for , as an epithet of ;Bi: 1 of money. (S, L, Msb.) [Hence, from the you may also say ,.; 11 , making ,.. a first meaning,] , [and riJ j 1J] and so denotative of state; but] the epithetic mode of He picked out the faults of the language, [and construction is that which prevails in this case. of the poetry;] syn. .itU. (TA.) - Ve· (Sb, L.) - i. - The saying of the poet,

:.i * 'He separated what was good from what was bad of the thing. (Msb.)



* 1~.LA,


, m;) inf. n. ;J.i";
inf. n.




(g;) t He trimmed,

pruned, or put into a right or proper state,poetry, or vers. (, K.) i.i tHe scrutinized the language, and examined it well: or he put it to rights, or trimmed it, and removed itsfaults, or defects. (TA.) - See 1. 4: see 1 and 2.

(K,) ol



or d;.JU


(TA, &c.,) S lis fat, (!i,) or

the fait of the she-camel, (S,) or the fat of his she-camel, (TA, &c.,) became little in quantity, or diminished, (S, K, &c.,) or partially went away. (A.) 8: see 1. .isJI



[The best of poetry

is that rhich is a year old, and trimmed, or

pruned]. ($.)

-us (A.) _

H·JI t:[He picked out the faults of 0 ;4o , and l' ,aor.

the poetry and urged them against its author.] (L,)

1~ j1 1A3 1>


.s .,,




means Slhe iwill certainly bring forth a she-camel, which shall be a permanent acquisitionfor breed1. ar. , ($, L, I,) inc. n. i ($, L) inf. n. ao, (L, K) iHe looked furtirely at, or ing, or a male, nhich shaU be sold: for they and ' (L,) He struck, smote, or beat. (..) towvards it: (L, K :*) and so oSi.: (L:) 6a.. seldom kept the male camels. (Th, L.) .j, t lIe struck his head with a staff, or anld ,JI ; .5i6 h/e continued looking furtirely j (Lh, L, $,) and 9 i () and * au, sword, or some other hard thing: or he struck at, or toweard,L it: you say also, oJ~. jlj i his head so that the brain came forth: (L:) or i J) l ~i : [his gaze ceased not to be fur- (L.h, Az, L,) the form most frequently heard by he broke his head so as to disclose the brain; as tively directed at, or ton'ards, that]: as though Az fi'om the Arabs, (L,) or 1, (.K,) [coll. also (S, L.;. L.) iL; He broke his likened to the look of a man picking, or sepa- gen. n.] A certain kiendl of tree, (Lh, L, X(,)


rating, what is good from what is bad: (A:) accord. to AA, of tl/ description termed ... , -' jlj lf* he ceased not having a blossom resembling tlae eC,* i. e., the (L, 8) Ire extracted marrow (L, K) from a and ,, 11 * ° [or bastard-saffron]; (A.Hn, L;) its bone. (L.) t It (sweet to look at, or towards, the thing. (S, L.) ,~ ', j.~ water) broke, [or abated, or allayed,] thirst, by (S, L,) [aor. :,] inf. n. ~ ; ($, L, g ;) and, as blossom is yellow, and it grows in plain, or soft, its coolness, or coldness. (L, from a trad.) some say, .i; (S, L;) It (a tooth, S, L, .K, grounds: (As, L:) n. un. witli;; (g;) o i.J (Lh, L) and a horn, T, L, and a hoof of a horse or (Lh, $, L) and oiij (TA) and o~ii 8: see 1. (TA.) - Also f *.~, (L,) or the like, L,) became eroded, (T, S, L, 81,) and and to.. LW Sweet rater; that hasno saltnes; (AO, much broken: (L, ]K:) and it (the hoof of a · o., (IAUr, L, .K,) The oj [or caraway]. See j.i. Th, ;) that trikes ( ;, ) the heart (or almost horse or the like) scaled of, part after part: (IAar, L, .) ($, L:) it (the trunk of a tree) became wormdoes so, L) by its coldness: (~ :) or cold, or cool, : see . and sweet, and clear, water: (V:) or weet eaten. (L) brain. (Is.) Also, ti. (L) and' t i;i water, that breaks [or abates or allays] (v, 3. o.iU t He reckoned nwith him to the utmost, syn. ~LtJi, (S, A, L, 1,)..1 , in, or respecting, (L, from a trad.:) or abundant water vwhich a an afair, ($, L,) [picking out hisfaults]. man make to well forth in a place where was no mater. (ISh.) - Also, Pure, mere, unadulte4. 1LI It (a tree) putforth its leaves. (L, K.) rated, or genuine. (T, ]) - a>,JI tw L" 5: see 1. (Fr) This is pure Arabic; or the purest, 8. ..Ojl .*;al He received the money, or chicat, bet, or most excellent, of Arabic. (Fr, A.) - Also C; Slep in health and safety. pieces of mony; (Lth, S, L, Msb, V;) and i. e.


) thirst by its coolness, or coldnes:

.xi [a coll. gen. n.] A kind of sleep, of ugly form; (K;) a ki,td of sheep of .El-Baireyn, having short legs and ugly faces: (?, L:) or a kind of small sheep of Ell-Ijdz : (L :) or, simply, lambs: (A, L:) [see an ex. in a prov. cited voce .L. in art. .:] n. un. with ;: ($, L:) applied alike to the male and female: (L:) pl. ;tW, and [quasi-pl. n.] #;ti. (L, V.) Aq says, that the best of wool is that of big. And one .jbl [More abject, or vil, than

(Abu-1-;bbbs, ]V.)


the price. (A.) -

See 1. -

1 It :;- says, .si;ll

28a7 Boox I.] the heep called j]. lower ort of peopl. (9, L.) (L.) - See Also, tThe . and ,~ also,] t He took [or piched] a thing, as, for nstance, food, with te finger. (TA.) - Also, ) in£ n. I;i g(; lg,) , L, M sb, M, g,)aor. and inf. n. as above, (M, TA,) He (. A, 4.;.WI, Sl a thing (Iltt, ~,'-TA,) with a thing: and t o:j--l; and t* .i'; ($, A, L, i;) and ~ruch n. IIJtt, TA:) [generally. he struck, knocked, or inf. it.,~ , taor. ',] J1./'; and , n. inf , L:& a thing with a pointed instrument, like a pecked, .; ( K;) lie saved, rescued, or liberated,him iPbird strikes a thing with its beak:]he struck or it, (8, A, L, Msb, K,) from such a one, (S, or pecked] a mill-stone, or a stone, &c., with a L,) and from evil. (Msb.) puZ [which is a pick, or a kind of pickaze; i. c., A 6: see 4. is wrought it into shape, and roughened it in its with a pick]. (M, TA.) - [Hence,] urface, s 10: see4. He w rote [or engravd writing] ?;4. , upon .W A thing that one has saved, rescued, or stone. (A, I.) Whence the saying, ';1 liberated; (9, L, Msb, ;) of the measure Ja. tl as in a verse of 1 [or, 1 J- if l i and in the sense of the measure j t~, like 5h, i.e., Teaching in infancy (L:) Nifiaweyh, ,.JI o.%*: and w."; (S, L;) as also it . is like engraving nriting upon stone]. (TA.)a man saved, or rescued, or liberated: (L :) also, .le struck [orfiipped] a man's head, and in like a hlorse taken from another people: (L:) or a manner a lute, and a tambourine, with his finger. camel &c. taken by, and then recovered from, the t 2: see 4.

.ii, (L,) or JL, (,) Slo~ in growing up into' manhood,and having little flesh: (L, V:) is ,..ii [and so e ,i;, accord. to the CVI: but and : the former, there put by mistake for (s, L,) or a, (g,) a boy despised and little in the eyaof others, that scarcely grows up into ;) sometimes thus applied. manhood; (9, L, ($, L.) -- ~` A horn eaten, or eroded, at the See alsoa. root. (L.) .sL and .and and ;J~ ;4: see Zw.

choice part of a thing. (JK.) ; W; The ;j jw . C Hel is of the best of his popl. (A.)

;i A shepherd who tends the hind of sheep (TA.) You say also drjl ia1, meaning, He .- pl. Jji;:.(A:) enemy; as also }e;.L and =L; struck [or fiipped] his ear with hisfinger. (AA, caled .i~: (L, 1:) or a possessor ofskins of rescued, or horse saved, or a o' signifies t or ', i,[aor. inf. in TA, art. eJi.) - [Hence,] that kind of sheep. (Th, L.) - See aiU. dhe from L,) ($, taken, and liberated, (S, L, li,) n. a., as appears from what follows;] and tAil; or separates, money, and :S3 [One who picks, the or L;) (S, jSti: pl. K;) L, enemy; (S, ,nade a snapping with his thumb and middle [He I good putsforth the bad; who picks, or separates, r finger;] he struck h* thumb against the end of sing. of jiZit, signifying horses saved, or escued, money from bad:] who examines money, topick, or made a sound with them. fingeran@ or liberated,from the hands of men, or of the the middle scparatethe good from the bad: [as also t ;l:] the former verb used manner like in [And (A.) it O", without ;: (IAar, L:) alid, .5, and enemy, is pl. ,iA (M sb) [and .u]·--. - [ transitively; as in the following instance :] accord. to El-Muffaddal, (L,) it o signifies a poetry; of faults the out picks who One I He put t dji ; e., b2 tl,.k[ the saves it because ;) (L, ;,; mail, of coat and, the t latter, one who is accustomed to do so.] the end of his thumb against the inner side of his person wearing it from the sword: (L:) and Az first inger, then made a snappingwaith it]. (TA.) [He is ; and ob F ;p &, -11 says, I have read in the handwriting of Shemir, See alsoji, below.- [Hence also,] 410J iS, of faults the out pick who one of those that it signifies a coat of mail saved, or rescued, n. a aor. ;,(TA,) in£ poetry]. (A.) (T, A, TS,) or ., ( ;,) from the enemy. (L.) You say also, ;J'.i ; (S, L, K ;)a r', and ..: jSWU g, He is saved, or rescued, _*.; (T, S, TS;) and tJ.I, (A, TS,) inf. n. . l The hedge-og; i made a [smacking or] slight sound, to proper name, like i;£1 applied to the lion: from distress, or adversity; and tiey are 4c. (TS;) He in motion the [beast or] horse, by making his put (VI;) but some disallow r(A.)- _L'A;; L ; dJC He posses not anywJl; asalso . (S:) tongue adhere to his palate and thenopening [or ;Jl.thing. (g.) the prefixing of the art.; (TA;) and j; suddenly draing it away]: (S:) or he struck b. ,i , (S, L,' !.,1 (L.) Hence the saying, ! with his tongue the place of utterance of the letter *J 0 0. Also the latter, ), and °ie : see j. _ , and made a [smacking] sound [by suddenly or .U .A4,(A, L,) He passed the night oj woman having had a husband. (K.) A withdrawing his tongue]: (A:)^A.signifies the the hedge-hog; i.e. sleepless: (L:) because th, 1i -1 [or j1, without the art.,] The hedge- making the end of the tongue to adhere to the hedge-hog remains sleepless (and sees, L) all palate, then making a sound [by suddny with,;Jal: (IS;) as also with . (TA.) [t hog; I es U.; K:)and ~Jl3 night: (S, L, greater journeyer by night than the hedgse-hog] A calumniator; a slanderer (A, L.) -Also Al;s.) (L, art. j. as also jj


drawing it]: (M, I :) or one's putting his tongue

above his central incisors, at the part next the palate, then making a smacking sound [so I

thus described, A]: (TA:) [the sounds (S, render. M, ' L 2,, (8, A, Msb, V,) aor. ;, in£n. made commonly are same, the nearly are (V) T etortoise : ,) and t ji',l r .;1 [L, Mb,) He (a bird) pecked, or picked up, (A, A, which beasts urging in day, (L, :) or the latter, themale tortoise: (Lth : ) Msb, l) a grain, (S,) or grains, (A, Mqb,)from by the Arabs in the present of the tongue (g, as also with 1. (TA.) J,) 4' with his beak. of carriage:] or an agitation this place and that, (A, TA) in the mouth, upwards and downwards: (A.) [Accord. to the TA, the addition "from preceding sentence. see 1] Xs1t;"X: (TA:) or a sound, (so in some copies of the this place and that," which is found in the 1and [as T1 the in (so sound, dlight or TA,) and in the A, and in one place in the S, seems to be unmentioned in the TA] and in some copies of the necessary. And ti;1 signifies the same: see 8, S, V :) L) by rhicha horse is put in motion: (T :, n. £; (Mqb, I ;)orJ , 1. ~, aor. inf. in art. ,J.] - [Hence, because of the sure aim truck he signifies ,3 accord. to Iptf, (L,) inf. n. ZJ1; (A, L;) B [e with which a bird pecks a thing,] the same verb, or aLt ', (A, L,) aor. A his tongue to quiet the horse: but with liberated; palate becams safe, in safety, samd, or ie having the same [aor. and] inf. n. signifies, It$ his Safety tto (an arrow) hit the butt. (Myb.) And He (an this is at variance with what is said by Az, J, and _J LWi; escaped. (A, L, M sb,.) (TA.) A poet, thee! Said to a man stumbling. (A, 1.)- - archer) hit the butt, without making his arro~ to ISd, and requires consideration. 'Obeyd pass through, partlyormholly. (TA.) - [Hence (g,) Fedekee El-Min1aree, (],) i.e., alo 4 8ee


[Boox I.
,·.]If -J-'

( B o. the saying, i'i uJ. ~.,l tLi &" He beat pl. A (A, /) and jt;: (].:) ?pi also o sig;ul1 for;il, meaning jJ *ll [The mackmi him and lft him not until he killed him. (TA.) nifies a hlloUo, or cavity, in the ground; and its with the tog tourge the horses]: pausing afte And hence the saying of l'Ab, :J:ll 411 . a pl. is .';,. (~.) _ Hence, ($,) The place the word, at the end of a hemistich, he transfer ~.1 p33 -S:, i.e., God nil not leave tLe where the ;j.~ ·3 [or occiput] ends, in the back the vowel of the j to the 5,(S, ~,) agreeabl! slayer of the beli~cr until He destroy him. ($, part of the neck; ( ;) i.e., the hoUllo in the with the dial. of certain of the Arabs, (TA,) tha back of the neck; (TA;) what is called *i the hearer may know it to be the vowel of th TA.) [final] letter when there is no pause; (S;) liki 5: see l, last signification. Q1il; (S, A, Msb;) i.e., the hollo rwhere the brain ends; the cupping in that part occasions as you say,; 1. and wjy.*: "' but this i 8: see 1, latter part, in four places. ltrgetfulness: (Mb :) [and any similar hoUolo; lhrgetftilnem: not done when the word is in the accus. case as the pit of the stomach: and a dimple: ($, ]:) and if you choose, you may make tho A A dight sound that is heard in consequenee accord. to present usage; and in this sense it is of striking the thumb agai,st the middle finger final letter quiescent in pausing, though it is pre. used in the A, K, and TA, voce ;/ ceded by a quiescent letter. (S.) _ Hence also, [and then letting them fly apart in opposite ] .. _ The carity, rarity, or socket, of the eye. (:.) directions, Foramen passing each other]: (S, ] :) [or the j1tjlt ~ ~ h j11 [J(ur, lxxiv. 8,] For ykesn the snapping with tihe fingers, or with the thumb and ani ani; syn. ~, '1l 1.J: (4:) but in the L horn shall be blomn: (S,' A,' Bd, 1( :) from J. middle finger, or with the thumb and first finger; it is said that j 1JJ.!! .l ! signifies the hole, or signifying t the making a sound: originally, n. un. of the former with 5.] One perforation, that is in the middle of the haunch; striking, which is the cause of sound. (Bd.) as also tei: [app. meaning the sacro-ischiaticforanen : see See also ;li, below. - Also, ~ lie bored, says, iL kUtl L; I [He did not revard hi,nm ith [app. j even a sndp of the fingers;] meaning, 7ith any- JUSY1, perforated, or made a hole through or in or into, SI1, J in art. 3.i: but perhaps it may sometimes thing: (S, 5:[in the ibformer of which it is implied a thing: (TA:) or he did so wmith a j."t:: (S:) mean the socket of the thigh-bone; for $~ that SjA thus used is from , in the first of the signifies any socket o' a bone.] (TA.) - The and, inf. n. ;i, he hollonwd out, or excavated, a senses explained above:]) not used thus save in litik little spot [or embryo] upon the back of a datepiece of wood. (Mgl, M,b.) 9A and tV5--, a negative phrase. (.) A poet says, stone. stone, (AH1eyth, 5],) nwhich is as thougjh it rere (so in some copies of the 5:,) or Vti-lt, (so in hoUor.ed, hollowed, (TA,) and from whicl the palm-tree other copies of the g and in the TA,) both in the grows grows forth; (AHeyth;) as also V':e (S, A, pass. form, (TA,) said of stone and of wood and * e ,' ., a Mqb, MNb, 10)and * an () a.)d t;il. ii-bl. (Sgh, the like, signify alike, (g,) It was bored, or perUi l;, (El-Bas:iir, TA,) and forated, or it had a hole made through or in or X[And they arefit, or worthy, not,to reward thee You say, e, into it: (TA:) [and it n'as hollowed out.] You twith anything, and thou art fit for, or worthy · !", (A,) lit., [lie did not reward hi.,] rithl say, Jidl C.. °~ I t, (g,) aor. '-, inf. n. ~a, of, the fire of hell n,hen thou rewardest]. (S.) even a little spot on the back of a date-stone; (TA,) lie made a hole in the egg [so as to disclose Or the right reading in both these instances is (A, EI-Basair;) meaning, I with the meanest t iZ, with damm. (TA.) [See i.] One thing. (E.Ba Ah'.) In the S and ]5, t$sl La the yosag bird]. (I4.) And is,:1.,, Jeai,J! ,L, , . .. .. . ... i;: see ).] And e., 5; & l 1 : He says also, ;. j ;v _J :1 t[He (A,) and l.ip Va.. i';Jl, (Lth, 5:,) The ' did not stavl me in stead of the meanest thiny. horses made hollows in the groundwith their hoofs. did not care for me so much as a snap of a (A.) Lebeed says, bewailing the death of hiis finger]. (A.) [See also an ex. in a verse cited (Lth, A, 5:.) And in like mamimer, * i;Jl brother Arbad, IAb, in I;U J,JI Thle to;rents left Iollows in the ground, in the first paragraph of art. j:.] in which water wtas retained. (TA.) _ Hence, explanation of the words of the .Kur, [iv. 123,] ~l- '*_L4 *9. , put the end of his thumb r, Al 4 Ii; ((Meb;) and t?,, K,) (S, against the inner side of his first finger, then lit., [And the people, after thee, are not worth] inf. n. .3; (S ;) and t j; and V WL; and a little spot on thAe back of a date-stone; mncaning, made a snapping with it (ta .i,), and said, t '*ej:.l;(] ;) t He searched or inquired into the U JJ-. lij 5 [after thtee they are not thing; inrestigated,scrutinized, or examined, it; This is what is termed t jei; [denoting the lit. worth anything]. (S.) And hence, accord. to (;, Mqb, 5g, TA;) and enleavoured to know it: meaning to be And they slhall not be wronged a ISk [and the Jel], the saying in the gur, snap of the fingers.] (TA.) But see ;, (TA;) and so c Z t he k.JI investigated the iv. 123,] 1, l 9 [And the,y shall not below. - Also, A sound, or slight sound, by aewns, and endeatoured to knon it. (A.) [And wvhich a horse is put in motion: (TS, ] :) as jbe wronged even as to a little spot on the bach of bence,] °'e Xet ., l , (51, in art. C.^,) also t-i: (TA:) or the forminer has one or a date-stone.] (TA.) Hence also, [in verse W6 ' 1 or,T'* 1 j , inf. n.L , (]:, in art.,j,,) [He other of the different significations ,-l. 4 ) The assigned to it of the same chap.,] I htied the sonorfic quality of the arrow by turning above, in the explanations under the head of vould not give men a thing as inconsiderable as 01 it round between his fingers, or upon his thumb: the little hollow in the bach of a date-stone. see L.., and .Jl j, and see also 4, in arLt...: (Jel.) See also .L. - The place in w4ich a or] _.ll A' signifies he made the arrow to pro(TA.) ibird lays its eggs: (, :) pl..,. dare a sharp sound [by turning it round between .j: see ;. : eee A,in four places. see ., in three places. -What his fingers, or] upon his thumb. (TkC, in art. $,.) is bored, or perforated; and what is hollowed out, A nmal/ h~ollo or cavity in the ground: 2: see 1, last two sentences. , 5, (s:) or a hoalm or cavity in the ground, not or excavated; ( AJ L;, TA, and 4: Bee 1, in three places, in the first hal£ rA ;) of stone, and of wood, and the like. large: (MNb:) or a holloro or cavity in the (.], TA.) _ A pie of wood, (Meb,) or a aa ,i,(9, 5:,) inf. n. ;U ground in which iater stagnates: l, (TA,) He (TA:) refraincd, or i forbre, abstained, or dui, ylock of wood, (4 ,)t from it or him; a round ; , ]g,) or a stump, [or hollo] in th ground, (, TA,) he ieft, or relinq;isA,~it or him ( R,ea.) not large, in which water stagnates: (TA:) or the lower part, (J.1,) of a pains-tree, (T,) Hence 1

Ibn-Miweeyeh, of the tribe of Teiyi, (TA,) use


eoox I.] which is holowed out, and in which the beverage reurrection: the blast there mentioned is 'said to be the second blast: Fr. says that it is the called is made; (T, S, Msb, ;) theo_ whefeof bcomes strong: (S, :) or a stump, or first of the two blasts. (TA.) the lomer part, (J.ol,) of a palm-tree, whrich it was a cwtom of the people of El-Yemdmes to .. · ... Ihollo out, then they crushed in it ripe data and see Jl;-. unripe dates, which [with water poured upon s;;: them] they left untilfermentation had taken place a sa. ' &r g,) or i ts ,.Ll , (C,) andg th e', (sgb, therein and rbided: (A'Obeyd:) or a stump, or the lower part, (J.l.,) of a palm-tree, whereof V t&~, (Cl9,) Having the eye sunken. (.) the middle was hoUowed out, then date wer put The beak of a bird; that which is to a in thlm, with water, which became intoxicating J'.I bird as the rmntei to a man; (Msb ;) because it (lAth:) the word is of the measure kej pecks, or picks up, with it: (TA:) or of a bird in the sense of the measure jL/. (Msb.) It which is not one of prey; that of a bird of prey is said in a trad., that Mo!ammad forbade beingcalled_ j-: (Fs, and S in art. j., 11 f' , (;,' Mb,' TA,) meaning, the kJe thereof. and MF:) therefore the explanation in the 1, (TA.) _ A trunk of a palm-tree, hollUoed out, 2 and having the lihe of stelp made in it, by wAhich which is, they of a bird, is incorrect: (MF:) one ascends to j . [or upper chanbers]. (K. [and the dual signifies the twuo mandibles of a bird; used in this sense in the TA, art. La:] [See also _ See S4..]) also j'li, throughout. pl. A;J . ( _ H.) Hence, (TA,) The fore };; The quantity [of grain] which a bird part of the 'j. [app. meaning the foot of a pecks, or picks uJ). (K.) See 8, in art.3. J camel, not a boot]. (Ii.) - [A kind of pickWhat remains from the boring, or excavating, axe; or a pick, by which a mill-stone, or the like, ( ,) of stons: like;i4J1 and ;. (TA.) is pecked, or wrouglht into shape, and roughanedin its surface; (see 1 ;)] an iron instrument like the j; An engrarer: or, accord. to Az, one who [or engraves stirrulmand bits and the like: and one ,tU, (A, Jl,) slender,round, and having a .. pointed head], (TA,) with which one pecks, (le4i., who bores (·iZ ) mill-stones (TA.) - t One who investigates, wcrutinizes, or examines, and A, K, TA,) and cuts stones, and hard earth; (TA;) used [abo] by a carpenter: (S:) and endeavours to know, affairs, and news. (TA.) t i esignifies [app. the same, or nearly the act. part. n. of i. -_ An arrow that same,] i. q. Oj : (;, :) [the former is applied hits, (Mqb,) or has hit, (S, A, K,) the butt, (S, in the present day to a chisel:] pi. of the ,) or the eye of the target: (A:) if it do not former, Je 3 (S;) 'R; and of the latter, ltU. hit the butt it is not so called: (;, TA:) [but (TA.) Dhu-r-Rummebh says, see a phrae following:] pl. jlJ. (A, Msb.) . .,. .s·. -. g.

289M 1 1. ji, (% A,) aor. ', (, TA,) and ,, (TA,) inf n. ,;; and 1 (, 'ii .,) and jl;;, (TA,) He (an antelope, ? and A) leaped,jumped, sprang, or bounded, (, A, g,) as also *j, (M, TA,) in his running, (s,) or on his jtlJ, i. e., his legs: (A:) or he (generally referring to a raven or crow, or a sparrow, or locust, or the like,) leaped, jumped, prang, or bounded, upwards; he hopped: (TA:) or he put his egs togsther in leaping, jumping, springing, or boundinu: when the legs are spread, the action is termed jh;. (IDrd, TA.) 2: ee 1. ~Also, inf. n.Jia3, He made to leap,

jump, pring, or bound: ($:) and j.L she (a
woman) danced, or dandled, her child; (1,' TA;) as also ijp. (S, &c., art. jiA.) · i.Jl, [pL of Cji4i,] The lekg of an antelope,

(A,) or ofa beast of carriage. (.,.) See also ;Ci.




(a ,,j,3 ) sounded. (TA.)-

j,2, (S, A, Mqb,) or VtoI
aor. ;, inf. n. or beat, the ,,-, with the 0J'. ,

g.9, (Mgh, I,)

(;, Mgh, M9b,) He struck, (i, Mgh, Mhb, I,) JJl.~ (Mgh, KI.) You say, ;

_,jL,;JI and 9 -. -1 Tlhe Christians struck, or beat the , l. (A.) It is said in a trad., that the Muslims were near to doing so, (Il

· ~ ~, S, TA,) or used to do so, (, lib
6;'~, Mgh,) until Abd-Allah Ibn-Zevd dreamed of the [mode of calling to prayer termed] 0l. (S, Mgh, TA.)

_ [Hence,] *!1 Ai.{I L t [lit., 1 arrows that were wont to hit the butt mised]; meaning, [Like mill-stones of Ra.d (a mountain so called) 2. bs ',-, inf. n. ,., 11e put inh lhe did not continue in tihe right course. (TA.) whrich th minkars have rounded (TA.) See ( .) into his recepqtaclefor ink. (s,' I.) [And hence,] ~, t A calamity; (K, TA;) -a. 8: see 1. p. . (TA.) One says, a ;, ~Al ;j or ;~;: see .. and,Jl 4 , t Fortune smote him with a calamnity, .. Ink; syn. ;1.. [which isa more common tenrm]; (A, ];) that ,with which one writes: and with calamnities. (TA.) - Also, ;U1; t A ($, TA:) pl. _h (?, O) and ,Wl. (S, A, .. ) right argument, allegation, evidence, or the like; ~,A [Arthritis, or gout: or, specially, posyn. .a.. £..: in the ., a j is incorrectly ,,t1U The thing wMich the Christians strike, inserted between these two words: but the pl., dagra, or gout in the foot or feet:] a certain or beat, (?, A, Mgh, Mqb, .,) to notify the diseac, mell known; (S, M.b;) a snelling and Pl, is afterwards correctly rendered in the 1. pain in the joints: (Az, TA:) or in th leg or times of prayer, (%, A, Mgh, ]g,) as a sign for (TA.) One ays, There came foot: (TA:) or in the joints of the anklea and commencing their prayer; (Myb;) being a piece TS to me,from him, speech whbich dileased me, or the toes: (i4:) or aswelling in the joints of the of wood, long, (A, Mgh, I,) and large (]K,) grie~d me: or right arguments, or the like, (., foot, and mostly in the great toe, a property [mpended to two cords, (Golius,)] with another TA,) liLe arrow#hitting the mark. (TA.) In the of which is that it doer not collect thick pu- which is short, [with which the former is struck, L, ;; .L.; t He cast at hil words that hit rulent matter, nor exude moisture, because it is or beaten,] and which is called ,): (A, K :) in a member nottifhy: and of the same kind pl. bAl (S, TA) and .' , as though the tib mark. (TA.) I in are arthritis, or pain of the joints, . ( the sing. were imagined to be suppressed in ;Jg t A horn in whichA one blonws; syn. J*: Q1lj. ,) and sciatica, or bip-gout, ( .I .d t,) forming the latter pl. (TA.) - [Hence, in the (~, 4 :) in the lur, lxxiv. 8, the horn in wAich but differing in name because differing in state. present day, applied to A bell: and particularly th argelshall blow for tlw congregatsing t the (Myb.) to the bell of a church or convet.] 358

28410 2> 1. ,.;;;, (, M, Mb,) aor. -, (M, M1b,) in£ n. ,. (., M, A, M.b, 15,) le variegated a thing; or decomated or emnbellidhed it; n. ; as al o t ;i;l: (M :) [he charactered in any manner a coin &c.:] and he engraed, agreeably with modein usage: he coloured a thing with two colours, (g,) or with colours; (A, J;) and * , (p,) inf. n. .:', (i, I5,) signifies the same. (M, ].)I,i S ;t . ;;, and l3ak. u,l&, (A,) inf, n. as above, (,) []Ie engrarved upon his signet-ring such a thing, and upon tahe stone of his signet-ring: and J,i also signifies he marked with a cutting or a pointed instrument: hAe sculptured a thing in any manner.] h..JI -- .,; t lie pecked the mill-stone put in the plie of ' he says, do not thoti extract from the foot of another a thorn and put it in thy foot > (TA:)'or t,. , . means who hat entered among the thorns. (S and 0,in art. .J9.) And it is said in a trad. of AbooHureyreh, A;'; ;.!,: n;; 1 ' [-may he stumble, a.nd not rise again; and may he be pierced nwith a thorn, and not extract the thorn]: (M, TA :*) the words meaning an imprecation. (TA.) See also 8, below. _ [Hlence,] j,, aor. as above, (TA,) and so the inf. n., (]g,) He cleared the nightly resting-place of sheep or goats f'om thorns and the like, (.K,) or firom wrat might hurt them, of stones and thtors and the like. (TA.) -Hence also, a,:.J It.., J. (TK,) inf. n. as above, (IDrd, IC,) lie exlulored the thing to the utmost. (IDrd, K, TI..)_ [Hence also,] LA 2. ,i C t Ie didl not obtain from him anything: but the word commonly known is . (M, TA.) See also 8. 2: see 1, first sentence. 3. :ti, (Mob,) or 41.. e.±U, (;, M, A,)

tBooe I.

: He

chse, or adeted, a thing. (M, A, ].) You say, of a man who has chosen (A, L) a man, 1 (A,) or a thing, (L,) for himself, ";- L : . , Good, or ecellnt, be that which he has chosen for himnief: (A, L:) or, accord. to the 0, when a man has chosen for himself a servant (1~1 [which suggests that this may be a mistranscription for C i4.]) a %


A"i ;iLJ [thou

hast chosen thitisfor thyself]. (TA.) [Hence also,] k;;;1'I [He took from him his rig/t, or due]. (A.) And


a ;, nd *


I He tookfrom him the wholk of his rig/t, or due, not learing tJerof anything. (M, TA.) See also 1, last signification. a..i [an inf. n. (see 1) used as a simple subst.; or in the sense of a pass. part. n. in whioh the quality of a subst. is predominant: Variegation; or variegatedwork: decoration, embellishment, a picture; or decorated, or embellished, or pictured, nworh: broidery: tracery: (significations well known: see U.,:)] engraved wrork upon a signet: [and any sculptured rwork:] pl. C. (A.) Also The impres of a signet. (Mgh, in art. _,..) And A mark, or trace, u/pon the ground; as, for instance, of ashes. (AHeyth.) S= ee also ,,:i: see ,!:, Tile art, or occupation, of the ,.A.L, (M, 1}, TA,) nho does variegated, or decorated or embellished, rwork; (M;) of himn rio does what is termed ;A: (TA:) [and of /im riwho engravs upon signet-rings: and of him who does any sculptured nwork.]

with a ji.i; syn.


(A, TA.)



inf. n. as above, also sigaifics lIe, or it, scratched, lacerated, or wounded in the outer shin. (TA.) They said, 1i, L ;i e. a [As though hi .face were scratched, or laceratedl, by a traga. canth-bush];syn. .,.. rclating to hatefulness, and austerity or moroseness of countenance, (M, TA,) and anger. (M.)- _ .'al ; signifies Tliue strihing the raceme cf dates with thorns, in order that the dates may ripen: (S, 1 :) or and their consequently ripening. (AA.) And one says, ,:.i, menning, The raceme if data had swe:is apparent in it, in consequence of ripening. (S.) -And [hlence, perhaps,] P;;

is used as

syn. with


(S, A, Sgh, K,)

accord. to AA, (?,) or IAgr; (S,gh;) ;.; signifying ! Inirit puellam. (T, 1g.) [This signification is mentioned in the A among those whichi are proper; but in the TA it is said, to he tropical.] - Also i ($, M, A, Mob,) aor. as above, (NI, TA,) and so the inf. n., (S, M, Mob, 1X,) lIe extracted, or drew, or pulled, out, or forth, a thorn (S, M, A, M-b, g) from his foot, ($, M,) n'ith the i, or Z.j.; (Msb, K ;·) as also * .;1 (~, M, A, 15 :) thought b.y A'Obeyd to be from Lt4l; but others say the reverse: (TA:) and in like manner, bones a wound in the head: (q, ]:) and he plucked out (~, A,) hair, (A,) with thu eAW; (S, A;) as also V (A.) A certain poet says, (namely, Yezeed Ibn.Makssam [?] EthThaiafee, O in art.. jJ,)

and ,j,tJI 5 i, (A,) inf. n. a:i" (t, M, Msb, g) and .,1tW, (M, TA,) lie did the utmost with him, or rwent to the utmost length with him, in reckoning, ($, M, Msb, K,) so as to omit nothing therein: (A'Obeyd:) A'Qbeyd thiniks that signifying the "extracting" a thorn from the foot is from this; but others say the reverse; that the primary signification of ' is the extracting a thorn from the body with dificulty; and that it then became [conventionally regarded as] a pr,oper term in the sencse of doing the utmost, or going to the utmost length, in reckoning; as observed by MF. (TA.) It is said in a trad.,


l One who does variegated,or deroratedor uiy (,) or , (M,) lIe embellished, work; (M;) who does what is termed with rM om thke utmost is done in reckoning (, M,) ,;.;: (TA:) and one rwho engrarves upon the is punished, (S,) or perish. (MA.) See also 4. stones of signet-rings: (Lth, I1:) [and one wtho _ [Hence,] .4sZ JJU t He picked out the dos any sculptured work.] faults of the la,guage; syn. .~. (TA, art. ; &..: see U .XL.)

4. "t J.s lI rlient to the utmost length against his debtor. (IAgr, 1.) See also 3. 5: see 8, last signification. 8. .;;;1: see 1, first signification.

J'': see hji. , first sentence. *.... .a. l. ; : see b.y", last signification.

~,tAL An instrument wiith which variegated, Also, or decorated or embelUlisdd, work is done: pL. (K,) or d. u.0, (Lth, A,) He ordered .J ..: (M :) [and an instrument ntih nhich (Lth, A, 1) the b.,ti5 [or engraver], (Lth, ki,) engraving, or any sculptured work, is done: so in to engrave upon tih stone of his signet-ring. (Lth, the present day.] - Also, [A hindof tSeters;1 A, 1.) ~ He extracted, or drew, or pulled, out, an instrument w'ith which one extracts, or drams .-. ). t I'*. · or forth, a thing; (4(;) such as a thorn and the or pullU out or forth, thorn; as also w.j; . . 6 . . . a a .. as sbewn above; 0 like: (TA:) sn. witm ., (Mqb, 1;) [of which latter the pl. is ug ., SI;hA c:S 0-.t U!, see 1, in three places. (?, M, A, 1.) _- [Hence,] occurring below:] and with hich one plMucklu [Do not thou by any means rextract from the He (a camel) struck the groad (S, ]J) rith his out (?, A) hair. (A.) [Hence the saying,] foot qf another a thorn, and jo presersve, by fore L/g, (S,) or with his foot, (][,) on account tinaot/o ` -gt o I ariedd u ..~ (risking) thy foot, the foot of hi*m who hao of omesethiing ntring into it; (~, V;) [i.e., to beat out a thorn or tho in /lk.] extorting - [Hence also,j my right, or duefou him (A.) pierced himself thmrith]: the [former] 3, is 1

.Bo, I.J 1.13;; BOOK j.009" A garment, or piece of cloth,' (A) or other thing, (TA,) [cariegated; or decorated, or embelUisited: charatered in any manner, as a coin &c.: (see 1:)] coloured (A, TA) with trwo colours, (TA,) or with colours; (A, TA;) as (A, TA.) - [A signet-ring en''. also 1.)] graved: and anything sculptured. (See tho ,.,s, kith htru es stu dat me of . ra e A 0 -3 .. ~ A raceme of dates srtruck wcith thorns, h.u. and consequently ripened: (AA:) [or having it, ripening: : of it, in conequence specks apparent in ~ full-growrn , and :)] -o U (see ,3.I


-- ;- WqAD~


of the pilgrimage, will there be any deficiency in iifies The denying, or disacknorledging,the right, (TA.) - See also 5. c your performance of the rites thereof: (TA:) or, or due. o montuhs of f estival will not be as some say, twr .see same year; but Etdefective in one and the 2: some Tah wee disapproves of this explanation: that though they be is, say that the meanting .He _ '.. : : see ~ : see ~.- . 5. ,,; recomtheir yet so, be e. to them i. of one imperfection; or defective, to him defect, or said attributed also is t l .) (Mgh complete. be will pense " I: ' 1 ; (M ;) as also V aLZI, and V man 1 s 0 .. him, &z e to '.JI J imputed or . i (M, TA:) he attributed , a intrad, is that vire, a deed thes of, d him ~~~~~~~4[Verily charged hin with, or accuse 'c [Verl t ded that is ' p J reiputation; fault, or the like; detractedfrom his done on the tenth of Dhu-l-I.Zieh, tite reompense spoke against him; reproached him; the censured that which in i ll ort of d fa ill not a thereof thy as that order A, in ($, J4;) thorns wvith character; his lirn; impugned unripe dates pricked ~ means It ', l.S for Ramadin: of month fresh , i..i ,i; asignifies the same; ripen: (MI, TA:) and mnay also f :.& 1: (A:) [and a thing.] (Mgh.) [On of such fll short Je , f.: , the express (sgio, n. "], inf nwater; syn. or] IKtt says, that ,, L ,[app. ripe dates soakued with ee&. -- f as used in gamr I sion Ct~.-:q · a- · as used in grammar, see .] -; ] vulgar .,.[a. app. Le., signifies %e ,,,,ai [app. Ic4 Cai,]. TA:) called by the Oeb,) inf. (My ', aor. J~,) b, Ms Mgh, M, (S, copies;, (I [accord. to some (J. (TA;) as also (TA.) . to the TI( 't" (MS,) [and accoudl n. , , the of copies other to accord. TA: the and in where two meanings are assigned ,, 6: see also, which last, however, is said in ; and O ,.; ; but expressly said in the TA to he with the MS to be an inf. n. of the intrans. verb only,] to it. from in the head nound A L n z--~. _ a1a_: ~fet-h.]) A, wound in the head.from '.&a_ fet-h..1)~i~:1 se e '^, ; - d. made it to lose somewhat, decreased it, di-:l: se e ~,; O8. . lIe (8.,~)ad'a. it, curtailed it, lessened it, wasted it, minished R extracted: ( ]i g:) and bopnes wehirh whih are ertracted: oes are places. nade it defective or in four places. - See also 5, in two ' ;3.. a wound in the headfrom which bones are impaired it, took from it, or ita ad imerfet, inomplet afteri oror imlxrfeet,fter incomplete ror deficient 10. C~-l ~,a. He (thie buyer, g) ashed, removed; (AA, EI-Ghasnawee, Aboo.-Turib;) i.q. dfiient he b;) (My perfect; or or complete been ,trhole deimanded, or desired, a diminution, a lessening, a .) j_i , (.K or defective (S, A, lowering, or an abatement, of the price. made it (i.e. a share, or portion) a to relates ) -. See also 5. 'o.; ! 13, (I,) deficient: (K :) [the pronoun often or -?, (S,) L4;lAJ · ,I art. in another and , j; art. in ex. an of the man: see [He gave hi,n a violent slap, like the slap 1 or a snbst., Lom, ts [Used see 1.: W,Z :] this is the [most] chnste form of the n ith camel strikingytheground with hiore-leg, or u of somewbhat, decrease, a state of diminution or verb, and is that which occurs in the Kur.: los hisfoot, oun arcount of ometlhing entering into it:] (defectivelessaing or washing or wvaning, defect, :) t &~a also signifies the same; (M, (Mb imperfection, or from --- ", said of a camel, as explained above. incoampletenecs, dsficen¢y, ness, (Myb,K,) inf. n. ,* Msb, g ;) and so does after mntolenes.s or completeness, or perfecttne.; (, ) i: (TA :) but these two are of weak as also signifies the same ; 9 ; ~.~ and 9 .;: language: chlaste in occur not authority, and do as a] as here rendered, agreeably withi the (S, same: the signifies ~al 9 and explanation (i.e. of ~L-) in the P.S, which i, ($, M, Mghl, Msb, K,) aor.', (M, (Msb:) 1. tookfrom he signifies last this or K:) Msb, seems to ]g) Mgh, or, accord. to the A,; is : Myb,) inf. n. e,tL.i (S, M, A, Mgh, Msb, (M, 9 ";.-. in the sense assigned to this (S, M, A, Msb, K,) or the former of it by littleandlittle; as also anld j, said of be syn, with .. plainly is this which of latter the [in of the TA last in the S, or in certain senses assigned to it these two onily, the latter being the inf. n. two verbs; but in the M, it seems last the of both l;; and (M) e and verb, trans.(MS,) in the I[, which see below; anid thus to be more ex. an ['See only.]) · & · of said he to rather ]. ($ , TA.) than ,~ onl.]) [See an x. (1I,) [whichl last is an initensive form,] said of rather to be sid of by .' voace J.b. You say restricted in application followed and weakverb the TA:) of (M, of intellect: _ ... IVeahlne thing, (}, M,) intrans., (;, M, Mgh, Msb, ]l,) thing.] a such it of cut He ,JA (TA.) i;' 1%. intellect. nes with respect to religion and It lost somewhat, decreased, di,ninixlhed, lsened, also, say you :) is doubly trans.: (Mb 0. 6 sS , ts 4,j You say, wasted, maned, or became defective or deficient or . ,. (;A, [Thlere came upon hin a wveakness in isi religion incomn.lete or impeifect, after having been whole Mgb, TAP) inf. n. ~~~~d.ft (,gh, (A, M not say Bshould pne but or complete or pecfeet: (Illt., Mby, TA:) or he, intelect]: his and (M, 9-'a'l; Mgh;) and in like manner, i~ I,) (A, diminution, or because loss npp. (]g:) suffered or case]: this lost, [in or it, F J--01 A,- Mgh,* TA ;) He dimninished, or impaired, i;;l t and :) ( portion: or lot to with wspect is only XOt~;J! I;ll is " weakness ;" whereas to hinm his right, or due; endamaged himn; or signifies the same; (~, A, Mgh, Myb, I;) and [of part of a thing] after [its made hitn to suffer los, or damage, or detriment, "a goinig away TA,] the from [probably (TIC, ; ~,a t so does of completeness." (TA.) of it; curtailed him, abridged him, having been in] a state and so does* ,.jUW: (TA:) [or this last in respect art.^l;) C 6.0 * or defrauded him, of a lmportion of see also ,.", in two places. XL;:: see 1: signifies it lost somewohat, decreased, &c.,gradual/y; de1n'ived him, it; (Meb,* TA;) contr. of l4il: (TA:) [and - It also signifies The quantity that is gone, ori contr. of o.Ij.] It is said in a trad., (Mgh,) him, lost, of a thing that is decreased or diminished or or defrauded abridged him, deprived, him, he,) *. i.e. and he Ramad;n and l i.e. Ramadan (Mgh, (Mg,,) I', P i yLhL '~ .. signifies lgwned. (Lth, A, g.) You say, ti lA. of of it altogether; for dJL. d.l Dhu-l-lIi.jjeh, (Mgh,) meaning, Two months sometimes He deprived himn of hisfamily and his The quantity that is gone, or lost, of it is irtually arc ot defcti fatival the following ) property altogetther: as appears from such and such. (Tg.) [Hewasdeived i .; though they be defective in number [of days]; ex.:] deid [He aJ lW A defect, an imperfection, a ;: see 1._ (. ;) i.e. let no doubt occur in your hearts whlen ex] remnained and property, lis and family his of ye fast nine and twenty days [instead of thirty]; (;, TA:) ol~J f We1> also sig- fault, a vice, or the like; syn. c :358* also sigart. ~3~.) j.Jl (T, art. alone]. (T, day alone]. the day happen the respecting there mistake if nor a respecting mistake B 'norif tbere happen





or a low, c.r base, quality, property, natural disposition,practice,habit, or action; (1, TA;) of a man: (TA:) or a weak quality, &: (IDrd, ], TA:) hut the attribution of weakness to a quality, &c., requires consideration: and it eemo that what in meant by lownes, or baseness, is what leads to , . (TA:) [ also, accord. to the A, seems to be syn. with · . ~ ~ ~ L&i in one another of the senses escum explained one or another above; but its primary signification is probably a caue of,, like as that of ait is a cause

P - -kat
t a sale: (Mgh:) and t other things; (A, ]I, TA;) such as t an affair, or a case; and t the state of a place through which the invasion of an enemy is feared: (TA:) contr. of -, (M, A, , A,) a relatingto a building or structure, A, , TA,) s relating to a building or tructure and to a rope or cord, (A, ]g, TA,) and to a compact or contract or covenant, &c.: (], TA :). or a o a a reant aro ~~~~~~~~or £q. ~"-~ as relating to a rope or o q and> _ oeo cord, to a compact or eailt contract or covenant (Mqb:) or i. q. , as relating to a building

[BooK 1.

3. J,AI ,



zlijl is: The saying that michd

is contradictoryin its meaning [or meanings; as though one of its meanings undid, or annulled, the other]: (S, , TA:) from JI W and meaning t the cowtending with another in words, [or in contradiction,] each rebutting what the other said. (TA.) You say, La ;, inf. n. ; and kt~L, He contradicted him t in, or respecting, the thing. (M, TA.) And

t.~ A) %.U t I conttradictedhim mith re~pect to or structure: (TA:) or the inf. n. signifies >il his saying, and his satirizingof me. (M, TA.) of ., and that : of .. a cause of C~: . ; ,as relating to a building or structure, Anda ~s¢ 1' 1 J .it!i.,U I [One of the two thethe p]. of Je; is h~is ,,ti:--- and and that of L".' ; i (JK, J pl. of that of isv TA,) and to a rope or cord, (JK,) and to poets contradicted the other]. (A.) And .J,U uaJL...] You say, L ' t C. and t -'-' a compact or contract or covenant. (TA.) [It IJ [HIis second saying contradicted [There is not in him any defect, imperfection, is said in the V, that ~.;aiJt is the contr. of .J1l 1 i;1 . U fault, or vice, &c.]: and dt; ' . and I,d like I1and ,ai;l: but this is thefi rst]. (A, TA.) And j;il : [Tit last part of his saying contradicted the J1t[S[&chaonehasdefects,&c]. (A, TA.)i a glaring mistake; and seems to be a corruption subst~ a from from A." - ~ and _z""land !' and ~ l, of the following passage in the M: . .- ::l first]. (Mgh.) [See also 6.] As a ~As subst. and 4. libi ,IZl, (M, K, TA,) and ,1,at [or, accord. to lIf, as an inf. n. from .&, ajjw ,Ja"'lj " 1a.~ 1 a , wbich (M, TA,) He removed the crust if earth fron and therefore from °.i; also, (see 5,)] it signifies is meant to indicate that ,:;:Zl and .,aiL are over the trutJfles: (M:) or he extracted, or took The attributingto a man defect, or imperfection: quasi-passives of .i: and in like manner, the forth, the triffles from the earth. (g, TA.) s (M:) the attributing or imputing to men, ctarg-. in ..-.the A, 1 ,,Z u lt~~~~~~~~~~~a g passage wthe a.gein -. ,1'a sL1 a1 The custs of earth broke up ( ;~) ing them with, or accusing them of, ,~ faults, alt, ta.a over the truffle; as also t ,',a. (M, TA.) or the like; ceasuring them; reproaching them; ;i .s, indicates that ,---, ,,;1 The earth showedl speaking against them; impugning their cha- and ;- are quasi-passives of ..A-. Further, [See also 5.] [or put forth] its plants, or ierbage. (M, TA.) racters. (].) A poet says, it should be observed that 2., as relating to 1, also signifies It produced, made, gave, . .s.*s o,. . . * L.;; 1;1;; Jlzl w v * a building, is not well explained by L,i; for emitted, or uttered, a sound, noise, voice, or cry:

*J ,|X W-e v: )e>l

you say, ..


. .* ,d;I p&,

(mentioned (S, M, K, TA:) and [particularly] a slight sound
meaning le like whvat is termed,: ($, TA:) said of a joint of a man, (M, g,) and of the fingers [when their joints are made to crack], and of the ribs, (A,) [see also 5,] and of a camel's saddle, (A, TA,) and of a cupping-instrument when the cupper sucks it, (TA,) [&c., (see *a ,)] and of an eagle, (S, M, I,) and of a hen (S, A) on the occasion of her laying eggs, (A,) and of a chicken, (M, A, ]1,) and of an ostrich, and of a quail, and of a hawk, and of a scorpion, and of a frog, and of the [kind of lizard called] jL, and of the

in the S and A, &c., in art.

[But if others than my maternal uncle had took to pieces the building without demolishing, desired to attribute to me defect, &c., I had set a or destroying.] _- [Hence,] i W ,j [lit. brand upon them aborethe ,ns]. (M, TA.) Such a one undid, or untwisted, hLis bow-string]; J.L act. part. n. of 1 _-.3.signifieaA dirhem defiient in wght; (jb; light and on¢U: deaent in~ og as pMI.;b ght an nd blood-rerentge. (A, TA.)

meaning t such a one took, or had taken, his
And ,a js ^01

"occurs as of -l u { [lit. Time, or fortune, has a property of dt#cint: p& occrs nd mpl. o ,JUthusuntmisitingand tmisting tiglhti#] ; meaning { that applied, agreeably with analogy. (Mgh.)_ untnting and tsting tightly]; meaning that [Hence, Jk- k;ai meaning An incomplete, which time, or fortune, [as it were] twi~t tightly, e. a non-attributi, erb: opped . [or makeafirm,] it, at another time, [as it were] i.e. a non-attibutiovuntists, ~i or undoes. (TA.) And tl

de"ficient: and

[or Syrian hyrax], (M, K,) and of a young ;>:: pl. kj,j : see LocZ5, in four places: tI annulled [what he co~firmed, or made firm]. camel, the sounds of which are denoted by .;. l ad ac -O. a ls (M~b.) n. .~and~~ al(Msob) And &:.U , [ies undoes, or annul, and .. as those of a camel advanced in age X·~~ ~ *, ~~~. ,,or contradicts,wrhat he(another) ha said]; said of are by .;9 and : (s:) or ,eJtI relates to we,} panS. part. n. of (A, ) a poet replying to another poet. (Lth, A, . ) _ animate things; and ,,, inf. n. of .,, ,.ALJI a, [i.e., app., -. J!l jai,] also aor. ' and -, to inanimate things. (M, g.) signifies =4X_ ;..3 [i. e . JA , The [Accord. to the A, whethler said of animate things 1. W, (M, Mgh, MCb,) aor. , (M, M 9b, moving, or shaking, of the pieces of wood, or or of inanimate, it is proper, not tropical; but TA,) inf n. ,a, (;, M, A, Mgh, Mb, ],) rafters, of theroof]. (TA. [But perhaps the accord. to what is said in the TA voce ,k-";, it lIe undid it; took it; or pulled it, to piece: phrase to be explained is Jkil1 ' ai, and the is properly said of animate things, and tropically of wntisted it: unravreledit: unwove it: dissolved.. inanimate; though, if any such distinction exist, it: broke it: or rendered it uncompact, unsound, explanation, correctly, . _ J, i.e. Tite the reverse seenms to me to be more probable.] or unfirm,: afterhavingmade it compact,sound, piecsof wood, or rafters,of the roof moved, or You say also, ZIjJt Q1J, (,.or (Lth,) orfirm: (JK, M, A, Mv m b, , TA:) namely shook, (for this, I am informed, is agreeable with modern usage,) app. so at to produce a or, as As says, (M, TA,) ,aI4l, (M,) or 1:jy', a building, or structure: and a rope, or cord: s : se also 5.) See also 4. (~, A, Mgh, M9b, ]J, TA:) and silk, or flax (TA,) and .4?J. , (M, TA,) He made a sound ord: see also 5]) ee also (TA:) and cloth: (L:) and ta oompact, con: see4, intwoplaces :.and 5; and see 1, to the beat of carriage,(M, Ii,) or to the au, treet, or covenant; (Q, A, M 9b, ], TA;) and next before the lst break. (Lth, Ay, M,) or to tithe camed, (Ay, TA.) and to

BooK I.]
the hore, (As, M, TA,) at the two sides of his tongue, afler making it cleave to the roof of his mouth, (Lth, M, g, TA,) without remoring its eltmreity from. its pldee, (Lth, TA,' in order to chide the beast: (L:) or 4 ,a; l signifies i.q. 4. [q.v.]; (As, M, A, TA;) the object being (A;) or whata [camel such as is called] .Ji; ever be the object. (Aa, M, TA.) And ,,a;l (M, A,) He called glJ, ..,., (S, gh, gI,) or the goats, (f, gh, ],) or the she-goat; (M, A ;) accord. to AZ, (S, ?gh,) or Ks. (M, L) And , A,,Ll He made a sound to him like as when thou mahest a smacking with the tongue to a sheep or goat, [in the TA, ;WI. f3 I. b, for which I read 5WIt JL .b,] deeming him ignorant. (TA.) And Hie made a clapping to him writh one of his hands upon the other, so as to caue a [sound such as is termed] ,i~af to be heard.
(El-KhattAbee.) ,aiL I (M, A, K) He

284, planation, ;Ui; and if so, the phrase is -like and ,L, explained above: see 4, ,,i';l Tthe house, or second sentence.] _chamber, beansme cleft, or cracked, in semeral places, so as to cause a sound to be heard. (1,



l (A, Mtb, TA)

: The

afair, or case, became in a bad, or unsound state, after it had been in a sound state. (Mgb.) And

.i'l t [Ti tate of the place j .. , .u..a.,:Jl through which the invasion of an enemy was fared TA.) And p,ih. is also said of a building, became unfortified, after its being fortified, or t The state -;t! (TA.) closed]. (TA.) And .ijIv [app. in the same sense,] like V,,.a. pa:ql And (Mqb.) annuUed. [See j.lJI L,IL, in 1, next before the last break.] ofpuritybecame o' JA. 41c t [The poetry became undone, annulld, 'W:J I His bones made a You say also, UiS ' ..- a by a reply against hiin: see sound [app. in being broken]. (IF, ], TA.) or contradicted, 4. ., - 1. (A, TA.) [See also 4.] 11. .l;WI It (a wall) cracked, without falling also signifies 6. ,;: see 8. - ,,i,Mutual contralictiutn, or repugnancy; contr. down; like See also L*. (K in art. b;.) of Silj . (O, TA.) You say, ,hiW;,lbl,, in art. .a i.] is contraspeech his S [In TA,) (A, Mgh, M.b, diction, or repugnancy, between different parts;] see ,a , in two places. ,,: one part of his speech necessarily implies the [Undone; talken, or puUed, , i. q. * j. annulment of another part; (Msb;) his second saying contradicted (,o.ii) his first. (TA.) to pieces: untwisted: unravelled: unnovrcn: di.broken: &c. (see 1:)] ($, Mgh, Msb, ,,aD, (A, Mgh,) or Ot1J!, solved; And ; fl (, M TA) in the sense of 1s;: (Msb,) I The two sayings, or sentences, contra- IC:) like dicted each other; or were mutually repugnant; (TA:) as also t ,WLL; (Mgh, Meb;) and as though each undid the other; (Mqb;) [they t ,.a: (;gh :) but EI-Ghooree allows only the [Tec S .jAW lt.J!WI annulled each other.] And first: (Mgh:) As, however, mentions only the two poets contradicted each other.] (A, TA.) second; (Msb ;) which signifies as above, applied And .li; ,a3W lts meaning was contradictory. to a building, or structure; (M, Mgh ;) or what ($, I1, TA.) ~ [It is also used transitively:] has become taken, or pulled, to pieces, ( Gj.i l,) Lttw t They tnwo mutually dis- of a building, or structure; (V;) as also the you say, -I solved the sale: as though compared with the first: (TA:) or , what signifies .IJly , meaning "they [togethler] thou hast udulone; taken, or pulled, to pieces; saying J saw the new moon ;" and .:1JI !slj, meaning untwisted; &c.]: (M :) and what is undone, of ,l.and of [the "they [together] called the people;" and.j)&L3, [the stuffof the tents called] meaning "they [together] asked them ;" notand twisted a second -I, garment.s called] is [properly] intransitive. wi:hstanding that ,,iJ3 time; (M, .;) as also t .~-a; (19;) and ltJi t [They mutually (Mgh.) And .ja or this last signifies what is dissolved, or broke, their compacts, contracts, or t 2,6ti: (L:) undone of a hair-rope: ($, O, Jg :) the pl. of covenants]. (T, voce IjSW.) l;[a pl. of pauc.], (M,) and of ,. is . 8. ozai;l quasi-pass. of ',f [It became undone; taken, or pulled to pieces: untwisted: the same, (Msb,) or of t ,'"., (Mgh, Meb,) Emaciated, or renunravelled: untwoven: dissolved; broken: orren- ,ejL. (Mgh, Msb.) had it (;, I ;) upon after travel; infirm, by or M, 1,) (S, unsound, lean, dered dered uncompact, A, (M, firm]: or been made compact, sound, which one has journeyed time after time: (0:) (A,) and Seer says, as though travel had unknit itsframe; Mgh, Msb, TA:) as also *,,, V.i3W: (M, TA:) [respecting the first and (M, TA;) thus indicating it to be tropical: last, see a remark upon a mistake in the k(, fol- (TA:) applied to a male camel, (S, M, ~,) and lowing the first sentence in 1: but ,;ia;; after- to a horse, (M.) and to a female camel, (S, 4,) wards occurs in the ]~ used properly in the or the female is termed aLc. : (M, :) pl. (8:) !6l: - .:]iq. , phrase oit-) '1 a ,1l/, (Sb, S, 1J,) only, (Sb, M,) both of the said of a building, or structure: and of a rope, mase. and fern.; in the latter, the ; being or cord: (A, Mgh, Msb, TA:) [and of silk, or is flax: and of cloth: (see 1:)] and i of a compact, imagined to be elided; (M ;) and !.LL contract, or covenant: (TA:) [and of a sale: [also said to be] a pl. of IFIL signifying jaded, (see 1 :)] and of other things. (A, TA.) applied to a she-camel. (So in a copy of the ulcer, or wound, t The in art. ,,A.) - [See an ex. in a verse cited 'aDl [Hence,] 'i~"i1 became rcrudescet. (IF, A.) And ?i-'I T.] p/aae, (Q,) or erut of earth, The voce Tound became in a bad, or (M, II,) that becomes broken from over trutffles; ^,,S y ~J.l t The corupt, state, after its healing. (MYb.) And (Q, M, ~;) for when they are about to come

made a sound, or sounds, [app. a cracking of the , joints,] with his fingers: (M:) [and sot ' i i his :)] or he struck with (see inf. n. ,,ei: .finger ' in order that they might make a sound, or sounds: (s:) if it mean cracking of the joints (aiJ),it is disapproved; but if clapping, it is not. (TA.) And ALWt ,ALI He coaused the [kind of gum called] jL~l to make a sound, or sounds; [i.e., in chewing it, as many women do;] the doing of which is disapproved. (S, L, V. atlPjS [But in the S and L, it said that AL &J, wiich does not necessarily indisignifies cate that the former verb is transitive.])(S, M, Hence, (S, M, TA,) '*'A 'Ja a;l A, Msb, ]*) Thte load made his bach to sound by reason of its neight: (M:) or pressed heavily utpon him, (~, M, Msb, ]~,) so that his back was heard to make a sound rsuch as is termed , (M, ]( ; i.e. the sound of the came£s saddle when it becomes infirm by reason of the weight of the load; (Bd, xciv. 3;) or a slight sound, as when a man makes a smacking with hit tonguew ( , to his ass, in driving him: (TA:) or oppresed his back by its nweight: (Mib :) or rendered him (Ibn. lean, or emaciated; .j 'J.,i.e. ,abl' ,.dil, 'Arafeh, .) Thus in the phrase iJ ($, M, 9J,) in [xciv. 3, of] the ]ur. (S, M.) = > omver fiom burst, or The earth clare, or cracked, (S, ,i;. the truffiles; (S, A, TA;) syn. TA.) In all the copies of the ], we.find .;3



: see 8. -


1 .AJ , explained by Ak; [a though meaning The blood was made to drop, drip, or faU in drop;] but how likely is this to be a mistranscription. (TA.) [The right reading of the and of the exhe; .;l phrae is probaldy l

forth, they break asunder the surface of the (TA,) of an eagle, ($, M, 1,) and of chiickens, earth: (0 :) pl. [of panc.] and [of mult.] and of an ostrich, and ofa quail, and of a hawk, and of a scorpion, and of a frog, and of the [kind U~,;m. (M, .) - Accord. to the ], i.q. [or Syrian of lizard called] ., and of the j but the latter is a mistranscription; ,,;; hyrax; &c., see 4.] (M.) (TA';) Honey that has in it [worms of the kind . b : see wherefore it is taken, (M, ], in called] ,.,; art. u;/,) and pounded, (], ubi supra,) and the 15j.'::see ,':,::. place of the bees is smeared ( ` l ' [in a copy s : ... , See , of the M : i,which is doubtless amistranscription,]) thereAith, together with myrtel ( .1 ), and the bees then come to it, and deposit their honey in it; (M, II, nbi supra;) on the authlority of El-Hejeree: (M:) or the dung of bees in the place where tiey deposit their honey: (IAar, A.Hn, ]i, ubi supra:) or the bee.a that have died therein. (Qgh, .K, ubi supra.)

[Boos I. (TA.) Ahd you say, 4:'&; . 'a.i) a&l [Hc gave him a drop, or very small quantity, of honjy]. (TA.) - t [A portion of a thing, or some of a number of things, in a separate,or scattered, IC , state, here and there.] You say, J~

a" ii

! l'

&l tTher remained not of their


" i q.
&J. ~


possessions[aught] save some palm-trees and a por. lion of sed-produce here and there. (IA9r, TA.) el y , and i. Ioi, And iO,1 > ,jW ar. t In tie land are scattered spots, or portions, of see herbage. (,* TA.) - tA thing; an a.fair; [Refraining,] see art. a matter; a case; an event; an action. (TA.)

, /,g,


;4;i dim. of ai.


J, i. One who points copies of the Kur-an gc.;


(s:, Mb,) or d.~,,

(g,) i.e. adds tthe diacritical and other points. (S,'


nor. ', inf. n. LL, (S, Msb,) lie pointed, or TA.) dotted, [the book, or wtriting, or] the letter, or (Msb, TA) A book, or writing, j,: .'t in two places. , ,au: see W, word, with the diacriticalpoints or point; and diacritical, or other, points. the with pointed writh the syUabical points or point, by nwhich are (TA.) ,.a.: tA contradictor: applied to a man: s/town tlhe lronunciationand division of syllables &c. fern. with ;. (M, TA.) You say [also], and the desinential syntax; syn. ;...&i; as also 1J)4.;; S This is a contradictor [i. e. tihe conSee Supplement.] * J, inf. n. L4;, (s :) and ,.j.l. trary] of that: (A, TA :) [or this is inconsistent t ~,1;: (f.) J l [he so pointed the copies of the Kur-dn.] '; ' '1 j a . with that: for] ? ' See also
4 'a .


e Jl1 J.";

; Ac,i:; t 2: see 1, in two places. [what are termed C;.i~ cannot be coexistent in the sanme thing, nor simultanously nonexistent jlj.Jl, inf. n. L [lie 1, made specks, or small in the same thing]; as existence itself and nonspots, upon his garment, with sa.fron, and inh;] existence, and motion and rest. (Kull, pp. 231, .lsi; [signifies thie same]. ,aj (Lth ;) and ,jj ;.' ` 232.) You say also, i, .'i ; l ; I43.~ (A, TA, in art. JJa.) And 3.h I [TiThis poem is a contradictor of the poem [Tlhe woman made l_ .IJl, ': in poetry is MJU. c_;; of such a one]. (A.) And ; specks, or small spots, ulpon her face, with black, t Titat by vohieh one undoes or annuls or contradirts [n'hart another poet has said]: (.:) or beautifying herself thereby]. (TA.)

, ($, .,) inf. n. :"ij, (S,) He peeled off the scab from the sore (S, 1~,) before it I. a.-J il
n,as healed, and it becapme moist in consequence. JI" tai, and (K.) [See also j5j.;] l, dial. form of rejected. inf. n. tt'



By some


eki (like ¶bj, TA),

t 9,) *. ',

lie paid hin hi. due. (K.)-

.. · (TA,) and ,:' (S, (S,) ands,

consists in a poet's putting for'th 5. al [quasi-pass. of 2; It became pointed, poetry, and another lpoet's undoing or annulling &e. - And hence,] : It (a place) became scator contradictingit, by puttingforth n'hat is dif tered nith spots, or portions, of herbage. (K, TA.) Jerent thiefrom: (Lth, g,* TA:) the subst. inf. n. un. of 1, [A aingle act of pointing, -: [or rather this seems to be an epithet is ,.a: &c.] (M.b.) in whichi the quality of a subst. is predominant, and syn. with · ~; :] and the act of the two is ai; A diacriticalpoint of a letter or word: a syllabicalpointthlereof: see 1:] (K:) [apoint, ; is "Ii5: termed V I .: the pl. of dot, speck, speckle, or small spot: a mathematical of Jereer and L (TA:) you speak of the point; i. e.] the exztremity of a line: (TA :) pl. A sound, noixe, (A, TA.) EI-Farezdu4. (AZ, 8, g.) ii ($ M 9b, K,) and gW. voice, or cry; (Lth, $, M, 0, .K;) as also hd They two p tll t .,L accord to the I; but this is an enormous Hence, one says, ,;l error: (TA.:) the former, of the joints (Lth, M, .K) of a man, (M,) [a meaning also assigned to ,,j in the I,] and of the fingers, and of the ribs, (Lth, M, A,) and of camels' saddles, (, V,) or of a camel's saddle, (M, 0, g, [but in the foot,]) and of d)l, C4, for ,J._J, we find skins, (4,) tanned of and (, I,) camels' litters, or of a tanned skin, (M,) and of a bow-string,

for .W or tCt, TA), Manyest thou be made to have enjoyment in that whichl thou hast received, and not experienee pain ! (S.) Milayest thou gain rwhat is good, and may harm not befall thee! (T:) or, with the latter of the two verbs without (CLd), may God not make thee discomfited ! (AHevth, L) [Accord. to AlIeyth, as mentioned in the TA, the latter verb in this proverb is written -i'; and °;; but the right reading is doubtless .ii and dS;-;: this is shown by the explanation there followving.]

[q. v.] (0, 4:,) when new, (M, J,) and of (0,) and of the sucking of a cupping-instrument; to have said, cjyk_i1 ab L.i &; ,WI (] ;) [in all these senses said in the TA to be tropical; but see 4 ;] and also the former, (., t [Sciene, or knowledge, is a very small thing: M, TA,) in the g, erroneously, the latter word, only the ignorant have made it to be much].


IS;l The scab peeled o from the 8. 4;J1 'a did not differ respecting so small a thing as a sore before it was healed, and it became moist in point of a letter or word. (TA.) And [hence] consqentc. (A, TA.) 1 _ ." k:;il (like the vulgar say, when they admire one, d~ .h)jl, TA) He received from him his due. (K, ~. * t [Ile is like a point, or stop, in a TA.) copy of the .Kur-an; because the stops in the ;i and *'5j Ol,e whio pays his debts, and does 1gur-in are generally ornamented, and often very not put off. (K.) _ ,±,J. iW, , and ;tC, beautifully, with gold and colours]. (TA.) dia:. form of '.ai [q.v.]. (.K.) t [Any very smaUl thing, tlhat may be likened to a point, dot, or speck. Hence,] 'Alee is related , , aor. ', inf. n. , " (J , ) and a ca ,$i; and,;4 , aor. :, inf. n. .J; (M, , ! .;) 1.

2845 BlooK I.] :) [but aside, or away, or out of the way, him, or it. easterly, winds, being called r~,: (AZ Thus it is both trans. and intrans. (1.) See L see this word,. and see below:] or what are ;) He deviated, or turned aside, or away,from -_ &., Put him away from us; put him out termed CtI X [, Z being pl. of o.L:] are it, (1g,) from the road, (S,) or from another thing. four: (IAar, Th, S, K:) namely, first, the ilt5 our way. (TA.) *IJ.t u., ( tJmI being of (TA.) [You sav] .. lt.j.j t:I~ the wind that blows in a direction , TA,) and . a. ~s (S, K) and * ,; (.K) Ie th'rew put in the accus. case, iinf. n. of quiver, (k(,) upon his between that of the east, or easterly, and that le deviated, or turned his bow, (S, I,) or his [j,.la1 ^a] d~ ai the south, or southerly, wind; also called .j'; shoulder; Ie shouldered it. (S, K.)- is,aside, or away, nwith hi,,l from the road; led him, (S, K ;) which is a very thirsty wild, that dries upon a bow: and, in like manner, or caused him to turn, aside, or away, from the 1,., IIe leaned up mnuch the leguminous plants; but Eg-Tari1. See trad.) a from (TA, staff. a upon e, le bulusee, in the Kf, and Mbr and IF, assert that V4., inf. n. .. road. (s.) -[So] not its .Cl: (TA:) is the .'; the !jl turned asidc, or anway, from him, and( separated 8: see 5.. second, the JL.:.JI yJIl sLi. the wind tlhat t a 1Ie wrent. or hi,nse?ffron him. (S.) - See also i. q.v. , 1 l. i.q. blows in a direction between that of the east, or turned, aside, or anway, or apart, from hinm; 7wind; avoidled him; vent, or remoreld, to a distancc, ,;; An inclining in a thing: ($:) or what easterly,and that of the north, or northerly, (,, l,) lie turned aside, resembles an incliningin a thing. (M, K.) - A also called 4L *?;c called also tt.Lx., .Jl,and fromz him. (S.) halting in a camel (ISd, .K)by reason of a pain a diminutive meant to convey the opposite of a ) C;'& or anway, from us. (TA.) which diminutive sense; for they find this wind to be in his shoulder-joint: (ISd:) or a diseasr j t and C 1, aor. 1, inf. n. j;; consequence in shotulder-joints, the in attach. camels very cold; ( ;) it is very boisterous and very 31y 1 ; t He deviated fion the right course of of which they halt: (S, ]:) or only in the cold; unattended by rain or by any good: (TA:) aor. t, inf. n. shoulder-joint. (El-'Adebbes, $, ].) action .c. (Az.)- 5.JJ ,, Ji sL the wind that blonws third, the,pJ'1; j" ... The wind bler obliquely, in a direction that of the north, or '.~ A hurt [of the foot] by a stone, causing a in a direction between betn-een [the directions of] to'o [cardinal]nwinds. and that of the west, or westerly, nind; bleeding: or a hit by a stone [upon the foot]., , He sor. !, inf. n. ~ -.4;, (g.) See thje '.i Ite J- Titcre is not also called 'l'h,.JI; and termed . J4 .',)N1l. Ex. lIe C.41i _ thren', cast, or flung. (Ii, TA.) the .jl; (S, , ;) a cold wind; in the oray of the attainment of this thimJ a hurt oplosite wind to (.;) and sometimes attended by a little rain; thrtew him donn (Ki) re;Sl ic upon the ground. [of the foot] by a stone, 4.c., nor a crach in the is tile but Ibn-EI-Ajdibee asserts that the .i. , (TA.) - "Jt ", aor. ', inf n. > and L.] inside of thefoot. (IAar, ISd.) [See also the .L. Jl_: (TA:) fourth, the p1b lj ?, t Fortune overcamce him, or afflicted him: or Hence in the sense immediately following. anmote himnvith( an evil accident, a disaster, an wind that blows in a direction betwnen that of the (TA.) - t A misfortune; an evil accident; a and that of the ne.ut, or t lie tffliction, oi a calanity. (]K.)disaster; an affliction; a calamnity: (S, K, TA:) south, or southerly, e,JI; (in the CI, n,aa wenterly, wind; also called teas overiome, or afflicted, by fortune: or as also * .. : (I.:) pl. of the former _l; smitten by fortune nwith an evil accident, a di.iaster, the opposite wind "-. ..1 Jl ;) anid termed .JI (.) and of the latter, ,A. a;) ( , A. slpl or the like. (S, TA.) See (. , K;) a hot wind (S) and very to the o. 0 L; neighed: nor measured not corn, of i.e.] heapm down, Accord. to Ibn-Kubis, the tract .SA ] [threwe (TA.) lIe thirsty. TA,) n.£, n. inf 1, (aor:. but ( K:) .ILi [by whichl h. meanls only vessl: the the blot,s qf tLrhenicee syn. oe.-. () lpou red out the contents the the wind that blows fi'oi the northl-east or tilereonly said of what is not fluid; as dust and The circuit (;3;: in some copies of tile about] is that e.rtendling betwveen the point ,where inf. n. as above, like. (TA.) - this, as IKtt says, is a mistake; ,iXCethe l [or the asterism composed of the lie inrerted, or inclined, his quiver, (S,) so as to .S, ;3.t: but a of ° TA) word: correct the is former the and stars a sand , of Gemini, E. 33 1N., in central pour out thec arrowvs contained in it: (TA:) or ° Set (S.) foot. camelrs a of Arabia; ar a and f8 of Cnnis Minor, E. 7 N., lh scattered thl contents qf his quiver. (QL) [See hoof, (S, .,) and -' in the same Ittitude] and the pole-xtar: and the 0, " - *) _1:.4;, aor. ', inf n. also =.] tract between the polc-star and tile point where The stones wounded him, and mnade lhim bleed, [is an si ee ise. sets the cl~i is tihe tract whence blows the JL;. The stonea 1.!-j i;t_.JI *.t thefoot]. (S.) has A mDi Sl says, Eachi of the four [cardinal] winds ,.i, and r . j-4.Sl, mounded his foot, and made it bleed: or htit, o0 of that it: to relation in its .L;, wlhich is called CI is wbheni a stone deviating from the right course of action .'c. tile L.L is that lhich is betw'een it and the Jlt,; struck, or hurt, it. (IS.) an epithet applied wounids, &c., a nail, a hoof, or a camel's foot (A.) -_ £l [fem. of ,.I] [blonwing firom the north-cast, or thereabout;] and hiJ toe was, hit, or hurt, to Anjy wind that blows obliquely, takihng a direc- it resembles it in gentleness; sometimes having i.. I (TA.) -t a tion between [ths directions of] two [card(linal] sharpness, or vehemence; but this is sel(om; i, aor. :, in£ n. by the stones. (TA.) _ winds: (TA:) a wind that blows obliquely, deonly once in a long space of time: that of the lIe (a camel) had a disease in the sholder-joint, viating from the direction whience blow the right it and the j3; JLt. is that wrhich is betwaee or in the sh oulder-blade, and in conaequence halted. ( 9/01l [or the cardinal]) winds: (v:) or a [parifr om,the north-wext, or ltherabout ;] and [bloniin (si.) See a:;. -, in£ n. ,i, H ticular] wind that blows obliquely, and takes a aor. it resembles it in coldlness: it is called jt1.Jl (a man) had a pain in hisssoulder-joint. (TA., ) direction between [the directions of] tnwo [cardinal] each of them is called by the Arabs i;Jl: aor:. ', in£ n. Z.,A; (S) and winds; (1};) which destroys the camels and - s sheep &c., and restrains the rain: (TA:) or a 'L9,: that of the M.i is that nwhich ix betnween it (L, IC,) tYHe was, or acted as, > nwind tiat blows in a direction between tlat of the and the _.-; blowvinyfrom the point nwhere sets Jjp& over them. mt-er his people: (S, 16 :) or wnas east, or easterly, wrind, (l.Jl,) and that of the Je. [or Canopus; i.e., S. 290 It., in the latitude (M.) in its north, or northerly, mind, (Jd JI): (AZ, K :) of central Arabia]; and it resembles it ,e t the of He removed, or put that between the south, or southerly, and east, or violence and boisterousness: and that 2. ., inf. n. ;i,


i, (in£f. n.


TA;) and tS;








-# -S;,





2a6 is that whiAch is between it and the too; [blowing7 from the south-east, or thereabou ;] and it is the wind most resembling it in its softness and in ius gentleness in winter.. (L.) The pl. of .Lt. iss . , as shown above. (.l, g &c.) [See alec
~J11 t*, in art. t;-]_ jV@ [app

[BOOK I. j>JI of the mountain: (TA:) so in the Kur, le xvii. 15, the pl. signifies the sides, 4c., of the earth: (Fr:) or its roads, accord. to some: (TA:) or its mountains: (Zj:) which last signification in this case is preferred by Az: (TA:) or the sing. signifies an elevated place, or part,

, nor. (, :, g inH. .. , (,) ) e (a horse) bounded (i;;, ;, K)fiom the ground, (s,)
in running. (TA.) _:Z He threw it down

upon the ground. (TA.)_ l . -i scattered ite contents of his quiver. (TA.)


8. ' ;JI Hte was thrown down upon his head; orfell down ulpon his head, having been thrust, to be regarded by some as originally signifying gjm JI ; ;,A [t One n,,'o deviates much or pierced. (S, I.) "a place of deflection :" but] Sb denies its from the right course of action tJ'c.] (TA.) being a noun of place, because, were it so, it .. * ... C.z: C : see would be he does not allow it to be l.: · j and ;,-~, accord. to the copies of 0,i .... ineludoed in the clau of k;, because this is the K, but the latter word is a mistake for Z-C i A point; a dot; a speck; a minute spot; c' extr. PL. 4 .. ,lJI i,." signifies e;g i. q. i" : (S, K :) pl. :JQ, (Mob, &c.) agreeV ", Having the foot rounded, and made i. A man having a strong shoulder: as though tile to bleed, by stones: or hit, or struck, or hurt, ably withl analogy, (TA,) and ,.L;, (J,) devising. were applied to denote eacll part of the by stones. (g.) See 1. _ ~, t Orercome atitiatiilg from analogy, and, accord. to some, 0 ,:L, joint, and the pl. to denote the whole. (TA.) or afflicted, by fortune: or smitten n,ith an evil in which the I is said to be added , or to _,_ ' i Ij;a t [Tlhey shook their dsoulder- accident, or the like. (S, TA.) See ;. render the sound of the fet-allah full, like Jl,;: joints;] i. e., they rejoiced, or mere joyful, or (TA:) the last of these pie. has been heard ,w4 [like ;4 in measure: in the Cid, happy. (TA.)S .JW 'L 1 ;.,J:] A road deriating from tite riglit cour'c [from the classical Arabs]; (Esh-Shihab, in the A..1at [The best of you are the most easy of ·. Expos. of the Shif;) or it is vulgar. (M9 b.) or direction. (4.) you in the shoulderjoints in prayer :] meaning, -- '. [A small spot, or mark,] resmbling dirt those of you rho keep [most] still therein: or, as upon a mirror.: ( :) ul,I 'si A small [black] some say, thos rvho [most readily] give room to mark, mark, like a spot, or dot, resembling dirt upon isucras enter the rank in prayer. (TA, from a 1. =, aor. ', in£.o. (or a mirror or a sword or the like. (L, from a trad.),i>I .. t Tlhe tar B in Pegasus. ,_ ,, ' [&c.,] TA.) lie struck the ground with trad.) -_ [A spot p in the eyje;] what resembles (El.-azwreenee &c.) tjj Te bright, a stick, (S, M, ],) or rith his finger, (M,) so a sij in the eye. (L.)_ [t - seems to and very great star, a, in the right shoulder- that it made a mark, or marks, upon it, (S, K,) like as J; is said to be with its extremity; an action of one reflecting, be a quasi-pl. of °, joint, of Orion. (El-(azxweenee e.) _or meditating, andanxious. (TA.) [Thus our 'by (by some persons in the present day) of °,A, 1The side of anything; or a lateral, or an Saviour seems Lnd to signify .Any small spots, or specks, in a and to have done in the case of the adjacent, part, quarter, or tract, thereof: (I:) 1. woman taken in adultery: see S. John viii. 6 and ttWing, Wng, differing therefrom in colour. Such I wliich 8.] - Also, He struck the ground with pebbles. Iiuppose suppose to be meant by the words in the L, proceeded, orjourneyed, along a side, or lateral (TA.) - Hence, t Re reJeted, or meditated, A nice, subil, mbtid y cogit , quaint,a part, of the land: and, in like manner, ,.] and talked to hims~f (TA, from a trad.) t n1ice, subtile, nsbtilely e~o:itated, quaint, nice, mirror

Il SThe originally an inf. n., used as an epithet, of the earth, or land. (S.) - , nnd therefore applicable without ; to a fem. noun] f]eathers next after the .,ljj; [which latter are i.q. t1.i; [app., The .,i$ of the j, ; a outh.- the anterior, or primary, feathers of a bird's wing;] (g ;) thefeathers of the winfg of a vulture nestserly wind]. (TA.) -_ ,1 A camel having or an eagle thlat are next after the which wlj3, a disease in the shoulderjoint, or in the shouaderare the strongest and most excellent of the blade, and in consequence halting: (s:) a camel feathers; (TA;) four [feathers] in the wving of that walks on one side, or inclining, or as though a bird, next after the .)1:,: (S:) [the four he walked on one ide. (L.)l t it X 'UI An recondaryfeathersof the wing :] in the wing of a inclining pulley: and .. ,i inclining pullys. bird are twenty feathers: the first of them are the (TA.) - S` - 1t Oterponering, or oplresmive; those called .atoil; the next, ,S.:I; utnjurt, or tyrannical. (Q, TA.)_ ih I1.JI; the next, t1jQk ; the next, - , .iJI next, Ic j tf Fortune abounds with evil accidents, or U,JiJI. (L.) It is a. word without a sing. (K.) ll;sasters, or ajlictions, or calamities; i.e. it ISd says, I know not a sing. to it; but by rleviate mueh, or often, from the right course: analogy it should be ;". (TA.)_ l; it will not remain in one state: or, accord. to one 4;..t J t He feathered his arrom with relation, tJI :;i .Aj1 I. A proverb. (TA.) feathers uchA as are described above. (TA.) _ ~C1 A man not having with him a born. t: i. q. , i.e. The intendant, superintendent, 4c., of a people: or an aider, 4..; (masc., Lb, 0g) The shoulder; i.e. helper, or asistant, of a people: (i:) or the (M.b :) one below an the place of junction of the os humeri and the assitant of an s.v,: -U/oO: (lAth:) or the chief of the U.U [pl. scnpala, (., },) in a man &c.; (ISd;) the of i,0 ']; (Lth, S ;) there being over so many pilace ofjunction of the os hu,neri and the scapula ,1 ;: a .. (Lth [see J.t :]) . pl . and the [tendon called] Lj1QI j, in a man (TA.) and a bird and any other thing. (TA.) [It seems

*t ,

,... ] -_ A1 ,s; He thrust him, or pierced him, and threw him down upon hiahead. (A., ltim,
) Jd 1 It (a cooked bone, containing ;,.K.* marrow,) nwas struck wnith the edge of a cake qf bread, or with some other thing, to cause the ` marrom marrow to fall out. (TA.) .LJI ".. The marrom marrow of the bone was taken out, or extracted. (Aboo-'Ameythel.) Mentioned in art. *r.;, q. v. (Aboo-Ameythel.) (TA.)._ . ~ :,~, . and 4j3 i, [aor. :,

inf n. "¢. ? (in the TA, the verb is written witlhout the syll. points, but the form commonly known in the present day, and occurring in many late work-9, works,is t -, inf. n. 'l; Ie made use of of nice, or subtile, sayings, exPressions, expressons, or allu*ions, such as are termed 'i, pl. of a )]. swions, He Ile He.alluded (; W,) [with respect to science, to the agreement of such a one, or the disagree-. ment of such a one]. (L.) 2. ,.J,il ,~ inf. n. ;, The dates began to ripen [and to become speckled]. (Mgb.)_ See 1.

Boou I.]


and in that called jLit, n'hen it is short, above to *Z, from the A and M9b]. .. facetiotu, or n'itty, saying, expression, or allu- .3, wounds the side of the camel. (TA.) anld I, She tpins what lhas C2 jjii, and S. lthat makhs an impression upon the sion, ('ali) again, 4c. (A.) spun to be undone, been striking the ground with

{'1 [the heart; from a stick &c., so as to make a mark, or marks, uplon it with its extremity]: also, a question
[ educed by reflection, -iJ:t,

1. ,±Ci, (S, K,) aor. ', (K, Msb,) and


and 1.", nnd * A.'., (TA,) and-li, (I, untwisted, or · .L',, (1,) A rope undone,

as the passage here (K,) inf. n.


(TA,) He undid [the threads TA,) at its end

translated is given in the Kull, p. 362, but in of] a garment of the kind called .. L. , &c.: Pustules which come forth in the mouths !t the TA Jl;,jt, whichl is an evident mistake, as (M.b :) he undid, or untwistel, a rope. (S, ].) of camels: (g1:) as also Ltd. (TA) -. A ', aor.', inf. n. '..; He, or it, might be shown by many authorities,] which _ jI.J$
disease in the jtD:' of a camel, which are two make. an impre.e.ion upon the heart, on hearing made the head o(f the tooth-stick to be uncomprominent bones by thefat parts of the two ears: or consitlerin.q which one generally makes marks pacted, disintegrated, disunited, or seperated, in it is also called J.ti. (TA.) upon tlhe gr.ound with the finger or the like: and so the verb signifies with respect

5ltJ The broken particlesof the end of a .11. [or tooth-stickh], remaining in the nmouth. (.) &c. of inauguration, act an or K,) (S, - Also, Tlhat is undone, or untwisted, of the (from a scliolium quoted by De Sacy, Anthol. pact, Gr. Ar., 30::) [a nice, subtile, abstruse, or (TA.) ; i. q. ,,. (Aboo-TurAb, end of a rope, (J1,) .pc. (TA.) _. ! ,.1 S mystical, point, or allusion: the point of a say- in TA, art. ,a7i.) ,Si.: see *J . - Subst. from J'-. l '.;1i ing or sentence, exspecially one that is dificul [ WVhat is undone, or untwisted, of a rope]. (TA.) 5: see 8. to be understood: a conceit exprexed in nwords a (?, ](.) difficult to be undler.stood: a quaint conceit: of promise; syn. ki.L. - tBreachl They mutually disolved, I,jl : 6. 5;s point tf wit: a Jfcetious saying or allusion jil Such a one said a Ex. 4, i£.6)9 j or broke, their covenants, or compacts; syn. I,C]. * . [Hle uttered _- generally, 1pl1., saying in Irhich was [intendedJ no breach of proa nice, or subtile, saying, expression, or allusion, A dificult, or an arduous, (affair, anise. (S.) _ -pc.]. (A.) 8. ~,;1l It (a garment of the kind called or case, in which a people disolves, or breaks, marks upon the ground with a stick or the lile: solved, violated, or broke, a covenant, or comJ,

itsfibres: to other things. (TA.) [See also 8.] _ ,:, or subtile, saying, expression, or allusion, that , TA,) t He dis(aor. ', and , K, inf. n. , requlies one to rflepct, and [induces one] to make (El-Fenilrec's Expos. of the Telweeh:) a nice,


s see


&.S, Spoken against; having his reputation 1

&c., Msb, or a rope, S, K) evas undone, ( (S, K, &c.) _-

trounded. (TA.)

or untwnistedl. -L TA)


I;.1 [so

) fits covenants, or compacts]. (S, Ig.) The utuost oJ A qreat aahir.. (TA.) -

(TA, in art. %,a,,) The head of the t;, and V' against others; who or fircquent;l., became uncompacted, disaunited, or tooth-stick nounds the rlputatlions of others, murh, or tI [lie was, eplarated, initsfibres. (TA.)_At 'J '1 frequently. (.K.) _- qj (a camel) behe lean; or emaciated, Zeyd is one who nounds the reputations of others or became, came lean after having been Jbt. See 4, in art. nuch, orfrequently. (TA.) t It (a covenant, or compact, S S. ]-,~g.l-. A distortion in a camers elbow, so that _e tnurk], it lacerates his side: (El-'Adebbes El-Kinanee, dissolved, violated, or broken. (S, &e.) ., K :) or the cutting of a camel's ide by his elbon: (L:) or [thatfault in a casmel] when his lie turned a thing thlat he wanted to anelbon, makes a markh, or markts, upon his side: other thing, (S, R,) hliaving desired, or soughlt, in this case you say, -..- U '; : but when it the former. (TA.)




: One wcho

accord. to thle TA: in the I, 1':]

one's endeavour, or e.ffort: (S, 1:) power, or & (TA.) Ex. ' str.ength: (.I:) pL Z.
*. tea;ej Such a one ererted the utmost endeavour, or edort, [or p)ower, or strength,] of his

camel, in journeying. ($.) [See also la'.]
. Nature; natural, or native, disposition,

temper, or othe7 prolprty. (1 .)


I t The

anid IS, or an nect of inauguration, &c., TA,) was mind; the soul; syn. ,1l: ($, g :) so called because the vexation of those things of which it is in need dissolve (%Z ) its powers, and ohl age destroys it: the S is added because it is a subst. Such a one is .;j &.. (TA.) Ex.


makes an incision, or incisions, in his side, you WIFhat is undone, to be spun again, (A, :; similar to 1.U, say jt. a. : (IAar) or ..U is anul of the i. e. the elbow's strihing, and making a mark, or Mb,) of the garments alled a.Il, marks, upon the edge of the callous lump beneath stuff of the tents called .ae..l : (A:) pl. 1,1: his breast; in the case of which you say 4 (Mb :) or threads of an old and worn-out stuff, :..t;: (Lth:) and nearly the same is said in of wool or hair, untwisted, and amixed with new wool [or hair], and beaten witIh jUL, and spun the A. (TA.) .A,' A cooked bone, containing marrow,
a second time: or old and wron-outi thtread of

strong in mind. (S.)

P1. I,.


1&f; One vwho undoes, or untwists, thread, and twists it again, or, to twist it again. (TA.) [See ]


: o.U T.

One wvho is toont to

dissoloe, violate, or break, his covenant, or counpact. (TA.)

wool or common hair or the soft hair called .j ; m,,naciated; lean: (Q:)a camel that that is sttrck with the edge of a cake of bread, called because it is untwisted, and twisted so has been Jit, and has beconelean. (TA.) or n'ith some othler thing, to caus the mnarrow to again: (TA:) it is when the old and worn-out fall out. (TA.)

materials of the garments called ae-- I (and of tents called ".l, ;) are undone, to be spun the 1. 'j A date be1. _ : see (S, 1.) [SM seems to have understood, again. 1. :..;, (S, C,&c.,) aor. ;, (M9b, l,) and ginni g to ripen [and to become speckled]. (~, I.) is an inf.£n.; -, (1,) thle latter agreeable with analogy, but from the the andI,that. Za"' *aLi The extremity of the curved piece for he adds,] the subst. is U a? : (TA:) [i. e., by some rejected, and the former contr.' to in the kind of saddle caUed this last word has the significatiou assigned analogy, but more common, and the form used of rood termed '

[Boox I.

in the J,ur, (TA,) the only instance of an aor. futwuerunt: see 6, in art. j ] _ v -, which occurs in the S and K, art. of this form from a verb having . for its last T trees became drawn, or connected, ! U, evidently as signifying a wife; as though t J4:p11 ~Tits grecs became dr.amn, or connected, mdical letter, except ~ and ?;.* and together. (Msb.) being a place of l j;] or t L . (TA.) -**>JI~~5.J bwz ; Jl [Vr4 V rilytabl o and and and and f and 10: see 1. ts) yhe.~~i the best o?f












em. (I8d,) [and Ciy inf. n. t;(S and p.; (ISd, g;)


Inivit feminam:

[Thte act women to take in mnarriage are viibgin]. A proverb. (TA.) and ofyiving a woman in marriage]. (K.) - [These * substa. from tvl,

(sometimes, 9) he marmed, took in marriage, or two words are properly quasi-inf. ns. of C=, contracted a marriage with, a woman: as also signifying as explained above; and, like inf. ns., 1. /S:i, aor. (s, , &, c.,) in£ n. .i, ($, L, · +1., (9, /], &c.) [and t stU, inf£ n. may be used as epithets, meaning A giver of a Mob,) It (a man's life) was, or becanme, hard, or m..bLt;:] used only with reference to a man: woman in marriage, correlative to , .. ] It strait,and dijfficult. (S, L, Mb, l.) - ,; It (ISd:) but Th uses it with reference to flies: was a custom, in thie time of paganism, for a (a she-camel's milk) became deficient. (R.) (TA :) J says, that it is sometimes used in the man to come to a tribe asking fbr a woman in It (water) became exhausted. (A.) -_ ,.; latter sense; but accord. to dte Msb it is more marriage; and he would stand up in their assem"a.jlThe eUll came to have little water. (S, L, commonly so used; (MF;) and it is used only bly, and say J. Js., i.e., I have come as an asker .K.) -- , aor. :, inf. n. W., lie was, or bein this sense in the Kur: (TA:) IF and others of a woman in marriage; whereupon it would came, unproplitious, and mean: (L:) he betami say, that it signifies coitus; and coitus without be said to him meaning Ve mairy her to hard, or dfi.cult: ( he gave little: or gare marriage; and marriage without coitus: (Msb :) thee, or give her. to thee in marriage, [or, more not at all: you say also l ' he waas [but] in the Time of Ignorance, when a man lit., ne are givers qf her in marriage: for an inf. niggardly of that which we nanted. (L.) demanded a woman in marriage he said, n. or quasi-inf. n. used as an epithet is used 1. .;, anor. '; (.(;) or , , (L,) ;and when lie desired fornication, he without variation as sing., dual., and pl.; and lie withheld from him, or refused him, his want. said, 5 art mk.A.) ) It is dis- masc. and fem.]. ' was also said: but _ai , 1tw. (TA (TA, in in art Itisd(L, K.) -_ a. , aor. ', He n,ithheld .fioni him, puted whether it be proper or tropical in these is here said for the sake of resemblance to . or refused himn, what he asked: or [in the C.k, two senses; or proper in one, and tropical in (L.) You say tl;- . ]Ae is the person wrhoand] the same, (g,) or dJL, . .. J, nor. ', inf. one: (MF:) it is said to be from t57Jl 7, gives her in marriage: and a. S She is the n. .Mj, (L,) he gare him not save the leastof what oo.'l ,.. .. , ... , . or from jlq:.1 l , oiZr from Jpersn wnhom he gives in marriage. (Lh, L.) he asked. (L, K.) -. , [in mcasure] like , 1; and if so, it is tropical in both the above and t i, [and, accord. to Lth Lth adIh and ISh, c,lIe had moan# askers and gave little. (4.) ii~~~~~~~~~~ad*~ [n,acr.t senses; and the opinion that it is so is confirmed : see ,y[ :] are also two words by which the , no_ ar. , lie (a raven or crow) croakted by thlis, that the signiification is . used to take women in marriage: with hi. utmostforce; (A, J4;) as thouigh vomnitn ico bt,ht u of f marriage i i not o < [Pagan] Arabs understood uniless by a word or phirase in con[meaning A gir of a oman in maiae]. .. (A.) I(S :) [meaning A fliver of a wvoman in ma'rir a~e]. ing; as also t nexion with it, as when you say ~ . H. (MF, in art. . ) A man used to say to 2. A.>. lIe impaired his gift ly ;j [he took a rrife from anmong the eons of' Umm-Khiirijelh, inasking hlerin marriage,. ., ,.,it, W. , reproach. (A.) w lie spent, or exsuch a one]; nor is that of coitus tiless vence tehe saying hausted, wthat he possessed, in conseque?nre of same means, as when you say ; .. ; [ini. * s j.. lie vexed, dismas 1 PI;JI . 1 [ Quicker than the mar- frequent pletitions. (A.) vit co,0ugem sua,n]; and this is one of the signs . V, . ,.] tresed, or troubled, him; (Gol, firom Mcyd;) [as of a tropical expression. (Mqb.) She riaeof U -K rje]. (S, ) [See . also £.].

,arr,ied, or took a husband. (a,


s c.) e


j) .JJIToe rain became conmingled with, the soil: (Mb :) or, rested upon the gronnd so as to soak it; syn. C;eil "a.: (:) ( as alsov) (L.) -- . i. .


.;, (S, K) and

(I.) A man

3. oi5U lie treated him, or beharedtorards him, wiithl hardness, harsh/ness, or ill-nature. (S, L, I.) L 4. L He asked of him, andfound himn hard,or d;fficult, (A, L,) and mean, or niggardly: (L:) orjbund himn to have only mlhat was scanty, or little. (L.) 'll t S Ie tsUglht, or desired, of him a thing that be wanted, and he rvas niggardlly. (A.) 5. x. [Ile became vexed, distre.ed, or troubled]. (A.) See BIl, in Ixviii. 25: and see 1.

Thle dlsea.e infected him wrho marries mnuch, or often: (S, K,TA:) AZ [app. meaning the former by tl ... ,,[apmeng i~~~~~~~~~~~ explains tlhe ~ overcame him. (Myb.) (;.~..), and m. t&JI k t Drowsinessc overcame his eye; vehement in coitu,]and mentions as its pl. ,t. : (.K;) as ulso t-bG: and iin like manniert (TA:) [anad t W (A, TA, art. ., &c.) sig. .' *J1i sleeC overcame his eye. (TA.) nifies the same.]

3: see 1.


see "


4. ;ll11 .f.S1 lie married the woman to 6. l.W 2'h/ey treated each other nith hardcurring in poetry, (TA,) A woman mnarried; ness, harshness, or ill-nature. (S, L, K.) him. (TA.) - 4 ; ie mtarried the rooman; (TA;) having a husband. ($, K, TA.) Ex. i. e. gfare her in marriage. (S, g.) _ 1'1 o~: see , and ; . i s ~ 4~ k She has a huband among ,Q?u Ji t[Accutom ye the feet

5.i (S, .1) and


(K,) the latter oc-


tf the camell to pibbles].


the sons of such a one. ($.) e, Z an. d _d



.5 S,antinets of a gif; (L,


6. I Tlhcy intermarried; contracted nmarriages together. (Commencing a trad. in thle Jami' e-$agheer.) [lAnd .C

: see C .

and its not being enjoyed, or found pleasant, by the receiver. (L.) - See what follows. 1_od~- der 1, and o1 l, t 1;, [Afay [or God decrce straitness, or dsfficulty, to hin, and

tCs Wiomen, or wives; syn..%.J: (.K:) a

Se invicem p . having no sing.; or its sing. is t

2849 1 and forecast; and simply intelligence, or skill mind: (Kull, p. 81:) [but both forms seem to poverty]: forms of imprecation. (L.) - ; have been generally used iadiscriminately.] ElAnything that bring. evil upon the person lwhom and knowledge: or perhaps only the inf. n. of It Apbhi says, the verb in this sense is used: see ,S. -] (L) See . it oa.fct *J - cslb A . [app. (a thing, or an affair,) was, or became,j ' A, ~ L~y ; [Hard, strait, or diicult; applied to a here meaning disa!pproved; or bad, evil, abomiman's life; (see 1 ;) and to fortune, as in an ex. nable, or foul; or disallowed]. (A.)-Also, . 1 .. a a *,j taxWater little in quantity. (L) voce .s1.] n , (T1,) pr Ij$, (TA,) It (a (9, 1,) inf. n. 1t4 'y * , in the ]ur, [vii. 56,] accord. to thing, or an affair,) was, or became, dfficult, [And dsh did not know me; and the accidents accord. to the hard, arduous, or seveme. (S, K.') the common reading, or t l;:, wohici shte did not know were none others than reading of the people of El-Medeeneh, or, as it hoariness, and baldneu of the fore part of the ",M§b,) lie changed, or 2. j;b, (inf. n. ;" and t i;, may be read, accord. to Zj, t I; head]. (S, TA.) And it is said in the ~ur, means, accord. to Fr, It [the herbage] will not altered, him or it, (Q, A, Msb, TA,) to an [se hkwn ; * ....s [xi. 73,] met come forth save with dificulty: (L:) or, scantily unknown state, (f, TA,) so as not to be known; fear, or a conceived a were, and not what thely (TA;) [he disguiMd him or it.] It is said in and unpr,fitalby. (Bey.l.) - I, (8, A, L, here sigI,J 1i A lter ye her kind offear, of gtwm]: (TA:). the l~ur, [xxvii. 41,1 t].z Msb, g1,) and t ;iZ and ;i and t,;i; (L, 1) throne so that it mtay not be known to he'. nifies ,;l: (Jel:) or it means . Ji;i A man who is unlprolpitious, (L, l,) and mean, (TA.) See also 4, last signification but one. also signifies lie [q. v. infra]. (Bd.) -. e (L,) and hard, or dlfficult: (S, A, L, Msb, V :) [In grammar, le made it (a noun) in(L, art. .~; it; or disacknowledged, denied, ($, L, detetrminate.] and a people you term ;ll and ~. [and this signification, as well as the first, may and li t A 18) andml and ;2. (A.) - ; (S, TA,) inf. n. ; l, (A, ,) be meant to be indicated by those who say that 3. uSli, man that brings evil upon otlhers. (L.) lie strove, or endeavoured, to outwnit, deceive, ;"; signifies the contr. of 4i ;]) [and so t* 1 llHarlness, or diiculty, in a man. (A.) lbeguile, or circumvent, him; or he practised for] jit!t signifies i.q. , (, TA,) and so nmith im mutual deceit, qoile, or circumvention; see iS;. (TA.) [In ,;ilH [which is an inf. n. of · ]. syn. tlt and Jal1: the inf. n. is also exjib j,,.sI Lands possesing little goods. (L.) you say, d;; [both of this sense it is doubly trans.:] plained by j.r as well as ji. LS: see =;.5 Hence, da., meaning, I denied, or disacknowrledged, to whicl signify thle same]. (TA.) ace see WIL (S, ] ;) him his right. (MNb.) The cause of ,k!l with (TA,) lie contended with imn in .fight; BooK I ]

~Ut V!



and in cnar, or heostilitl. (A, .K.) It is said milk; (IF, L, 1 ;) as ailso V;:SU: (L:) a she- of Mohamnmad, by Aboo-Sutiaa (S, TA) Ibncamel thAt has no you,ng one liring, auil therefore larlb, (TA.) . -~tS 'l . I. S aboundin;g wilkth lilk, becaume she does not schlek; not war Sij., of which the pin. occur jlAl, (., TA,) meaning, lie did (L; i.;) so ,. with/ any one wvithout being aided by tCeror : (S :) in a verse of ii-Kumeyt cited voce , [tast into the hearts of his opponelts]. (TA.) also, contr., a she-camel having no milk: (IF, Andole says, o;e LV,i ;letnecL'ethem two A, 1 :) or hkarig little milk; as also t ;SU: and is wrar, or oxstility, (A, TA,') and fiijhting. bothl words, a she-camel whose young one has (TA.) (S, L, died: (L:) pl. (of Isoth words, L) ; -_ . ig.) See also i,. lueky. (.S) See.L. see . . l Unfortunate; un-



A she-camel abounding with

ejIl with the mind, but sometimes the tongue is the tongue denies, or disacknowledges, (,4,) a thing when the image thereof in present in the mind; and tllis is lying; as is the case in the following passage.of the Kur, [xvi. 85,] ~j;.


4i0 1.4.j [They confess, or acknow-

4. e:l, (s, A,, g, &c.,) infa..n(Myh, &c.;) and t ; (S, A, Msb, IS, &c.,)


aor. :, (L,) or it does not admit the variutions of tense like other verbs, (I!tt, Msb,) it is not ;, 'A " smnall, or *anty, gift; (A, L, ] ;) as nsed in the future tense, nor in commandillg nor .. (A.) - .sj" A man haing nmany in forbidding, (Lthi,) inf. n. A (O) and Ai. and also ; askers and g;]vi;g little: (TA :) or a man pressed ;,~ (., g) and .'; (1 ;) and t e;,u; (s, and :2.?' and wvith petitions; as also *.J, Vj-5W ; (M, K ;) signify the M, A, K;) andt (IAar, L.) j.~J.. same; (;, A, Msb, IJ, de. ;) i. c., lie ignored, LS a4. lle came to him unwekomdy: or, was igowrant of, did not htnon,ftilled to knowa, or [ratber] was unacquainted with, it (i. e. a thing, from empty: or, as Th says, it is correctly ', ); a or an affliir, It.t, 1) or hinm (u man, j as meaning "his wells syn. -,-.; (sr, i ;) or contr. of i:a (f:, ,.tJl ;*> thoughll. became exhalmusted," has not been heard. (L.) some, however, It., Msb:) [see also i;;i:] say, the 1. ;.X,: see 4, in several place. -i, has u a more intensive signification

ldeny, or di,ledge, thefavour if God; then they Also, . acknowledge, it]. (B.) See also Ile deemned it strange, extraordtnarj!, or im,probable. (MF, voce c. .] - [Also lie denied, And or nealtirced, it. - He disbdlieced it. Kle disaplroved it; he disliked it; he deenmed it, or declared it to be, bad, evi, abomninable, or fonl; he disallowed it: so accord. to explanations of the pass. part. n., q. v. infra; antl accord. to common usage of classical antl of modern times.] It is said of Abralmm, when the angels came to him, and he saw that their hands did not touch the meat wllicll he had 'iJ jlf ji_ brouglt to them,, j. , meaning, [lie deemed tkat conduct of their's evil, or diualqnoved it: or, perhaps, Ae did not knom what that conduct of their's was, or what it indicatedl]: V: and l; and t V I [of whiel last see an ex. voce,.,] signify the same. (Bd!,

inf. n. than,;i: and some, that,S'

for its oljective

or became, ignorant: or perhaps [was, .;i, [lie only the inf. n. of the verb in this sense is used: see i;~, below. - And, contr., He possessed cunning; meaning both intelligence rwith craft

,1;,, mean. xi. 73.) And you say, LW an complement an object of the mind; and il, or found fault with, his deed, ing, I bla,ned, object of the sight: (A, TA:) or [the converse and f r. ide it; I disapproved and disalloced is the ease;] j£C has for its objective complement his de :;.. (Myb:) [and I manffested, or shoawed an object of the sight; and 'l, an object of the or declared, disapproral, or diwllowance, of his 330 *

2850 deed: and in like manner, ;i ;

·[Book I.

, ellipti- to a thing, or an affiir, Difficult, hard, arduous, [a thing]: (T, Myb, TA:) or the clhanging wohat cally; XiZ, (his deed,) or ZJ, (his saying;) or svere; as also *;A; (M, A, ]) and Vt..: is AjS_ [here app. meaning disapproedl]: (S, TA:) a simple subet. (T, TA.) The words of q.v. ($, A, J.) or the like, being uederstood; like ac .~ for (TA:) and i.q. , the .lur, [xxii. 43 and lxvii. 18,]..i X " jC &WJ..~~ &*h M or the like: see ji [spp. Difieulty, bardess, arduousne~,or are explained as signifying Antd how was my also signifies The changing [a thing; like" ] sverity;] a subst. from i, in the sense of . a chanying [of their condition])! (TA:) or the [It was difficult, &c]. (I1t., TA.) (T, MVb, TA:) or the changing what is j. meaning is, and how mas my maniJertation oj


t,o ,,.s.

[here app. meaning duiapproved: see ~.f, which is syn. with it, but is a simple subst.]. ($, TA.)



in two places.

disapproval of thlir conduct, (. .


l,) by

,.; and ,;. (S, 1) and t,$; and tj', (1,) i! .Hom great is hit cunning ! meaning both his intelligeawe and craft, andforecast; and epithets applied to a man, Posessingcunning; or cunning andforecast; (S, simply, his intelligence, or skill and knowledge. intelligence mined awith (TA.) And s tio L; How great was Ahi4];) and [simply] intelligent, or skilful and knowing: (4l:) and so, applied to a woman, cunning, &c. (TA.) 5. j;3 He, or it, changed, or altered, hinmelf, or itelf; or became changed, or altered; ($, A, M9b, TA;) to an unknonmn state: ($, TA:) [he asumed an unknown appearance: he disguied himeyl; or became diguised:] he became changed or altered in eountenance by anger so tglat he who saw hi,a did not know him: (lIar, p. 144:) or 1s signifies the changing, or altering onesef, or itself; or becoming changed, or altered; from a state wthit'h p)leass one to a . -3.& state which one dislike. (T, ].) _;Jjl; .J

changing favour into trial, and life into destruction, and a flourishing condition into a state ot ruin ! (Bd, xxii. 43.) In [some of] the copies of the 1, it is said that .S"[but in a MS. copy I find ^e? and so in the CI5] is a subst. from

·. t (4) and *tAi (L, TA [but this is probably >" as signifying the changing, or altering, oneself, or itself; or becoming changed, or altered; a mistake for t;']) and t,iI' , but ,l is not from a state ewhich pleases one to a state which applied to a man in this sense, (Az, TA,) nor is one didiles: but a different statement is found in to a woman: (TA:) pl. of the first and the T: [see above:] and ;Uj.; is not mentioned ;;i second (S, IC,) and third, (1C,) ;t;: (S, K:) by any authority. (TA.) - A strong tortress. and of the last, .~L. ; (Sb, S, ]:) or, applied (.Sgh, 1.) SeeS . - See alsoA'. to men, S;j3u; and to other things, ;'(Az, TA.) _ Also, *S' and | [which is irreg.]. : see ;. See alsoi.

Aoid thou evil dilposUition. (Mgh.)


je. .aJI [Verily the mtost abominable of voices is Such a one [became changed, or altered, in . s;: see.; : and ~. See also", in two the roice of assexs]. (TA.) - See also ;d: and countenance to me by anger so that I did not places. the fem., t;, see above. know him; or] met me in a morose manner. ~ a subst. from ;Lt~, (]K,) with which it is (A, TA.) [In art. :. in the g, *; occurs.] | contr. of J.. : (I> :) [an explanation syn., [app. signifying (like Ignorawce: or 6. *,hl3;: see 4, first signification. _btIj including several significatiorins, here folhlowing.] denial: or disapproval, or tle lise], (T15,) like He fei~ned ignorance. (5, A, g.) - I)jW - [Iynored, or unknonwn; as also toj,., for] fr trom WI. (1S.) It is said, in a certain Thely eacted nwith mutual hostility. (T?, A, L.) j;3 is sjn. with J~ [the pass. part. n. of


| 1 I Forse, and rorst; mnore, and most, evil, One who disapproves wlsat is bad, evil, abominable, orfoul. So it is explained as occurabominable, or foul; expl. by L,4 .S.j: ring in the gur. [xxxi. 18,] ,I ".... I pl. a above. (S.)



10. .*,l1: see 4, first signification, and also * 6.0 in the latter part. _;FS also signifies The inquiring resieeting, or seeking to understand, a thing, or an affaiir, which one disirapproves; (V, TA;) wlen one disapproves corf ining, or establishing, the opinion expreed by an inquirer, or disapprove that his opinion should be contrary to w/sat he has expresd. (TA.)

trad., .;

i, ~.. s. , (TA,) i.e. I 1 i', (Tf,)

[Thou wast to me most ignorant, &c.]

the verb by which o.

is explained by Kr and ' in the g.]; (TA;) and t signifies the

;%: seejE.

See alsoS;.

; ($, O) and t;j [but the former is the more common] and * Lt (9, A,. ) and t (A, 1]) Cun.ning; meaning both inteUlligence mixed with croft andJore:ast; and [simply] intelligence, or ayacit.y, or shill and knowledge; syn. C%j;

(, A, ]s;) and 'k.

(A, 1g.) See also .

You say of a man who is intelligent and evil, or l,cunning, e; 1. , and t ,U [Honw great is

his cunning, &c.1] (g.) And
V ,jt;,

. ~6a, W and

He did it of his cunning, &c. (TA.)

And it is said in a trad. of Mo'Awiveh, _;i~ ;Is

| .. Jjl i
the wan.

Ve.ily ";ti, I hate cunning (.t.Jl)in
(TA.) ~;Is as an epithet, applied

Ignorance, ri. &c., (jI!I,) of a thing; (TA;) same. (L) For the pls. of see ac, C;. contr. of (S, ]g,; ;) and so Vt ji; syn. [Denied, or dixacknon,ledged. (See the verb.) or improbable. 1Lt.; as in the phrase L;L &e [In him is igno- |.Deemedstrange, extraordinary, (See again the verb.)] - Aiy action disapproved, rance]. (A.) See also i. - [As Contr. of or disallowed, by sound intellects; or deemed, or ;ii., it is also, in grammar, an epithet applied declared, thereby, to be bad, evil, lhatetdl, abominto a noun, signifying Indeterminatoe or indefinite.] able, foul, utnemjly, ugly, or hideous; or pronounced to be so by tih law becaume the mind 4£ s: see J;. - A calamity: (V:) rigour, ddeliberates respecting the regarding it as such: or sewrity, of fortune; (A, 'TA;) as also [its and thtis it is used in the gur, ix. 113 [and other dim.] 1;.. (TA.) See also j;J. - And places]: (B, TA:) or anything pronounoced to be bad, evil, hateful, albominable, or foul, and forsee e. bidden, and disapproved, didlitied, or hated, by S i.q. ;ld! [in the sense of Denial]. (L.) the law: (TA:) a saying, or an action, unapIt i. said in the g5ur, xlii. 46, j. X >.J5 l . proved, iwnot approred,unaceepted,or not accepted, by God: (KT:) unbecoming, indecent, or inAnd there lsall be for you. no [power of] denial decorous. (KL.) See ., voce *"'. of your sins. (Bd, Jel.) And one says, , and 'J and t; (8, A, Msb, K) and tJ!T . 415 t~i pi [Such a one was reviled (S, Msb I1) are all syn., (S, A, Msb, ]p.) [and and he had no denial to make]. (A.) - [Also, are used as elpitlhets in whiich the quality of a i.q. ji 1 in the sense of Disapproval,or the like: subst. predominates,] signifying a bad, an evil, and manifestation theacof. See what here follows.] a hateful, an abominabla, afoul, an unseemly, an Also, i.q. ;1I in the sense of The changing uIvgly, or a hideous, [and a formiduble,] thing or

BooK 1]
affair [or action or saying or quality, &e.]: (Msb:) return to their disbelief: (Jel:) or tlen thty [in this sense, its pl. is 1° and -I-; as reverted to disputation, after they had taken the right course by means of consulting together; will be seen below :] t9, is contr. of t. [which their return to falsity being likened to a thing's · es; is syn. with t ] . (TA.) You say .*e becoming upside down: and there are two other j j..I, and jlj ;aI, [In themn are readings; t l~, and 1_..3; the latter meangood andeilqalities.] And ,?1.;1 ... , ing _*1p: . (Bd ;) or t then they reverted and 4,i, [Thtey commit bad, evil, abominable, from what they knew, of the.evidence in favour or foul, actions.] (A.) And it is said in the of Abraham. (Fr.) - [And hence,] * , and j..h'. ! a.C., It made him to fall bach into l(ur, [xviii. 78,] `1; .J [Verily thou hast done a bad, an evil, an abominable, or afoul, his disease.] (TA, in art. ,,0&. ) And ,,;, -0 thing]. (s.) - The name of ote of tiro angels, (S Mob, ]J,) or ~ -, (A, TA,) inf. n. the othea of whom is named .L"; (S;) who are (S, Msb, K) and ,.; (TA, [but see what said of of thbis tbis below]) below]) and [tK,) ee,twie the two triers of [the dead in] the graves. (ISd, is is said and I.,, (TA, (Sb 1C)? i relapsed into his disease, after convalesrence, or ]g.) See also'. after recovery, but not complete, of health and .. ,.. .... S3Z;: see i, first signification. The pl. is strength: (S, A, I :) or the disease returned to aiZ, [which is also a pl. of accord. to him; [lu relapsed into the disease;] as thoughl Sb, who mentions it because, accord. to rule, the he were made to turn back to it. (Msb.) You .say, .. s pl. of a sing. of this class is formed by the addisay, li~SI5t [17e ate such a thiin, sand l..~ Jebl I [lie ate such a th,ing, tion of j and O, for the mase., ana I and j. for andrelapsedinto his disease]. (A, TA.) And the fern. (Abu-l-IIasan, TA.) J. dJ L-a3, , and sometimes one and sometimes one says, says, 1X, ($, .,) in this case, (S,) for the sake of mutual re1 '.. . lIe went disyuised; or semblance, (~, ],) or because aJ is a dial form changed in outward appearance, or state of ap[of lS;], (S,) [meaning, t fayt he fall upon his parel. (TA.) face, or the like, (see art. .a3,) and relapseinto _c: e: see * , first signification. disease: or] mnay he fall upon his face, and not rise after hisfall until hefall a second time: and * ,...

changed in its mannerof beig,cr state; it became turnedfore part behind; itsfirgst part was made to be last, or was put last:]hefell upon his ad. (..) This last signification [understood figuratively] it is said to have in the phrase J..j W`-Z, a form of imprecation, meaning, t May Ithe be difappointed, orfail, of attaining his desire: for he who is overthrown in his affair (r, ,J&1 X .

.41 ) is disappointed of attaining his desire, and suffers loss. (TA.) [See also 1, where this
form of imprecation is differently explained.] Also, i q. ,~5 1.. . (TA.) [See 1, last signification.] (TA.) [See 1, last sig An arrow havin.q its notch broken, and its top therefore nmade its bottom: (S, A, g:) pl. [of pauc.] ,_tI (A, TA) and [of mult.] .. . (A.) - A head, or blade, of an arrow &c., having its tongue (. ) broken, and its point therefore made its tongue: (K:) pl. ,Ct. (TA.) - A bow of which thefoot is made [of]


J3 j. A road, or ray, in a wrong direc[At


tion. (s, $.)

inlikemanner yousay, tt.i


the head of the branch; as also %",L'. This peculiarity is a fault. (].) _ A child sch as i termed 0~ [born prelosterously,feetforemost; but i A is an inf. n., and I have not found it used as an epithet anywhere but in this instance]; (9;) i q. ; and mentioncd by IDrd; but he says that it is not of established authority. (Msb, art. (TA.) - X Low, or ignoble; base; vile; ,ncan,

_..1) [See also 8.] You sat also, c


or so,rdid: See a verse cited vo'e ;1",: (A:)

t [Tte wivoundl broke open again; or became tone nwho falls short of tide utmost point oJ See Supplement.] reirudescent]. (S, in arts. ,r, and .Lg., &c.) generoity; (1;) or of courage and generosity A and e&.'osit: _-, And . 1 ;. b . S; :J; X The (TA:) t weak; (S, .;) applied to a man: 1. 4.2iU, (S, A, Meht, g,) aor. ', inf. n. JL, food, ?r., ma(le the disea.e of the sick man to (.S:) t short: (AHn :) p1. ,.t.l. (A, .) (S, M.b,) lie turned it over, or upside donwn; return. (K.) And 1 JI ,ZJ H i See also - :-- and inverted it; reversed it; changed its manner of put the dye upon his head repeatedly, or several .. Ot being, or state: (Sli, Mb :*) he turned it 0over W-£~, lapp. PI. of J.i,] t Old men tottering titnes. (A, TA.,) Also ,; [or more proulpon its head: (S, A, 4:) and le turned it fore ) after attaining to part behind; made the first part of it to be last; bably L"] t He (a man) becane weah and by reason of age (o . .. J * . ,, ~~~ezt,'eme old age. (K~.) or put the first part of it last: (Si :) and imp)otent. (ShI, in TA.) And S exteme old age. .) t .s.~, (S, A, K) inf. n. As, (;,) signifies like '-ac t le fell short of idafelows; n;ai rSC Lovwering his head; bending, or hanglike ~~, t 11e fell theoe of his fellows ; n;as unabl to attai,. ing, down his head towards the ground; [absothe same; (S,* A, ] ;) or has an intensive sense. unable to attain to them. (TA.) ,,~l -. i, lutely;] (S, ] ;) [or] by reason of abasement: (TA.) You say, alhl J e and V J;, (TA,) [anid ,,- alone, (see ,,SPU,)] (TA:) pl. [properly t; (see 1ur, xxxii. arrow was turned, or plut, upside doenn in the and * J..i, (L, TA, art. ,.,) and * ?,s;l, g12;) and sometimes] 1' (~, J,)used [only] quiver. (TA.) And it is said in the gur, (TA,) [and in like manner t ,, said of a in poetry, (p, TA,) by retson of necessity, (TA,) txxxvi. 68,] b;1 e;a. Cp j, or, flower-stalk in the M and voce o, $i,] He and anomalous, (;, ].,) like .l. (s.) Elaccord. to the reading of'Asim and Hamzelih, bent, or inclined, his head; (TA;) he lowered, Farezdak says, * d.-"; meaning, And himn whonm V'e cause to or stooped, his head; bent, or hung, it down 1 live long, 1JVe cause himn to become in a state the ton.ards the ground; absolutely; or by reason . remtrse of that in which lhe was, in constitution; of abasement. (So accord. to explanations of * e .A,I so that after strength, he becomes reduced to the act. part. n., below.) weaknesw; anid after youtlifulness, to extreme old 2: see 1, throughout. [And awhen the nen sem Yezeed, tlou seest thenm age. (TA.)-i _ .S * ; tI : see 1, last sentence. depressed in the neckts, lonering the eyes]: ( :) made such a one to enter again into that a.fair, :s 1, luasi-patse .ofA,TAv,thus the verse is related by Fr and Ks: Akh 8. ,~!; quasi-pass. of Z.iV; (S, A, TA ;) says, that it is allowable to say j 1 q-l, or state, after he had got out of it. (ISh.) [and therefore signifying It became turned over, . [Hence the saying in the gur, xxi. 66,]j or upside dorn; became turned over upon its after the manner of the phrase y,n, _ '. ; ,.:.?" .. h.. were made made to b-j' ly.X , tt Then they to head; became inverted; became reversed; became [see art. ;] and Ahmad Ibn-Ya1yAadds


U in relating it; saying JtU0l Lsj-'b

[Boox I.

.gi, which is a mistranscrip- He turned back from a thing to which he had . (TA.) copies of the K, 1. applied himself; (IDrd, Q,' A,* M#b,* IC, TA ;) tion,]) and of clay; (A, V ;) as also Vt' [See the remarks on L.;I, pl. of ,l'.] meaning a good thing; and sometimes an evil (fgh, ]g.) Henceij the saying, j O~ thing; (IDrd, TA;) or meaning particularly a A horse that does not raise, or elevate, (Q, W e) t [Such a one is] a sea, or great river, e~ good thing; or extr. with respect to an evil his head, (Q, IF, ],) nor his neck, rhen running, which mill not be entirely elaausted, nor will thing. (K.) [See the ]ur, xxiii. ( 8.] Hence by reason of weakness: (IF, ]i:) or that has not diminish. (K.) And uS; .J ~l oa (;, Va;;l [as syn. with though we have thu], reached the otlher horses (Lth, I4) in their heat, TA) S He has courage which nrillnot be exhlausted: not heard it. (Mghl.) or single run to a goal; (Lth ;) i. ., by reason said of Alee, by a man of .uareysh. (TA.) 8: sec above. of hAs weaknes and imApotence; as also t . . And .S11 Ie contaumed the thing; made it , (TA.) come to an end, fail, cease, perish, or come to J s.t&. ! [His lot, or portion, ~.SLU 0o~nought: (A, ][:) and the same, (ISd, A,) aor. is decreasing, or deficient, and his good fortune is ; SJ A child [preyosterouswly brotughlt and inf. n. as above, (M,) or &' j.E;, (Lth, g,) receding]. (A, TA.) forth; whos feet come forth before his head. he made an end of tho thing; or ceased from it, (A, Myb, and so in a copy of the S.) Seb ;--;, (O, B, I,) like , (TA,) [in the having finished it. (Ltb, ISd, A, 1]; but in % [Preposterou child,;; also ,. erroneously, A.C,] d place to wAiich one CId, [some of] the copies of the II, ) is put by birth] is when the feet come forth before the withidraws, or retires afar off; svn. remora, One head; (1C, and so in a copy of the Q, [and that mistake for .i, in this explanation. TA.) (0, B, k(.) El-AsLhb says, praising u. at last to 13 Tley came ; 1 savs, o this is what was meant by the author of the 8, 'Ai.amal Ilbn-'Olitheh, seems to be indicated by what immediately fol- herbage, and consumed it. (?,' TA.) And J A , G [A piece of herbage beginning to dry up] J1_ i .; (;;.) lows]) i. q. ' is not extirpated, or cut off entirely with its * that circuiting of the Kapbeh performed in a way


contrary to the prescribed custom, by saluting the black stone and then going towards the left. Oj i Il .ij He read or recited, (Mgh.) _from the last part thereof, beginning Kur-dn, the (V,) i. e. from [the commencement of the latter of) the [or lat two chapter.], (TA,) [or first chaptesr]; and ending nith the aI." mode: (TA:) or nlwcribed contrary/ to the beginning froni tit end of the chapter, and reading it, or reciting it, to its beginning, invertedly; (i ;) a mode which A'Obeyd thinks impossible; and therefore he holds the former explanition to be the right: (TA:) each of these practices is disapproved, excepting the former in teaching children, [in which case it is generally adopted in the present day,] (],) and [in teaching] the foreigner thle [portion of the an indulgence being J.ur-in called the] J ; grante.d to these two only because the long chapters are difficult to them: but if any one knows tihe Bur-an by heart, and intentionally recite it from the last part thereof to the first, this is ibrbidden: and if we disapprove this, still more is tlhe reciting from the end of the chapter to the beginning disapproved, if the doing --L.,; also signifies this be possible. (TA.) t Sufering a relap!s into disease, after convaleance; or after recovery, but not complete, of applied to Iealth and strength. (I.) -_ a bow: see !G.

also signifies t The scruroots. (QL.) ao.airs have compelled me to hare [0 'dltamah, tinizing or investigating, or searchingor examining recourse to thee, and tihere wras not fur me any or inquiring into, affairs. (TA.) [You say, place to srehich to retire. (TA.) meaning, eI scrutinized, app., ,"..91 QC · , [JC, &c. &c., affairs.] _ And It~ is like b [but in See Supplement.] what sense is not suid]. (TA.) 8: see 1, first sentente.

':.] i t A man wieo scriutinizes or investigate, ;4 .i or searches or examtnines or inquires into, affairs; . (I Drd, k(.) (TA;) asabo t



nd tl

Little lice. (Kr, K.)

[See also

L;,-l a dial. form of, authority. (TA.)

'Ul, but of weak

%,i A certain plant, having a fruit that is eaten. (L, ].) TiAe only explanation given by several lexicogrnphers. (TA.)

(, Msb &c.) and r ,Il; which latter ,.tyi; A receptacle of the kind called JaL of which tie contents have been taken out. (TA.) is said to be a corruption iu the TS and the ]~; _ I; :eS4j ; t [Ie is one of those but this is denied by El-Khafitjec and by Mtr; and learned men, in early and in late times, have wnho are empty, or devoid of good]: a lphrase constantly used the word .itn without any denoting vituperation. (TA.) expression of disapproval; Z and El-gIasan IbnRnslhecB El-Keyraw.inee, two leading lexicologists, having even named thereby books written 1. times )yl-C ,;S, (A, K,) [aor. , and Eome(A, O,) andv by them; (MF ;) vulgo 4aj. [which is a Persian word ]; (TA;) A model, an exemplar, a pattern, or a likenems of a thing, after tle similitude of nrhich a tlhin is made: (Mob:) a model, or likenes, of a thing; (]g;) i.e., a thing that is made in the form, or after thl fadsion, of anothrthing, that the mode of the lattermay be knowon thereby: (TA:) a thing which show, the mode, or quality, or qualities, of anotler thing: (Msb:) an arabicized word, (Ii,) from [the Persian] ;.

, as will be shown below,] inf. n. ,f

($, IF, A, Msb, J~) and uS.

(MA,) He receded, retired, or (O) and ~Ot.I, drew back from thie thing, or aofair; refrained, forbore, abstained, or desisted, from it; recoiled from it, shranhfrom it, or drew backfrom it in

(Az, awe orfear; (S, IF, A, Msb, ].;) as also ±4Z '~". (Aboo-Turib, TA.) You say also, 1,, ISd, C) and -, (IDrd, j,) inf n. , I, (A,) or . s I , (A,) o,) lIe entircly exhausted the water of the elUl: (Az, 4eeis' I.S, (S, M 9b, $, A:) and (A) he extracted tvhat was in thbe aor. * ($, Mgb) and -, (s,) or the latter only, wrll, of black fetid mud (it.*. [in some of the ($gh, TA,) or the former is allowable, (Zj, TA,) 1. ,i ,: (1, A,) or 'Jl, ((,) sor. ..



1. ,

aor. -, (], g,) int n. ,

(S,) [It as,

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