Cut copy and paste In human-computer interaction, cut and paste and copy and paste are

related commands that offer a user-interface interaction technique for transferring text, data, files or objects from a source to a destination. Most ubiquitously, users require the ability to cut and paste sections of plain text. The cut command removes the selected data from its original position, while the copy command creates a duplicate; in both cases the selected data is placed in a clipboard. The data in the clipboard is later inserted in the position where the paste command is issued. The command names are an interface metaphor based on the physical procedure used in manuscript editing to create a page layout. This interaction technique has close associations with related techniques in graphical user interfaces that use pointing devices such as a computer mouse (by drag and drop, for example).

The term "cut and paste" comes from the traditional practice in manuscript-editings whereby people would literally cut paragraphs from a page with scissors and physically paste them onto another page. This practice remained standard as late as the 1970s. Stationery stores formerly sold "editing scissors" with blades long enough to cut an 8½"-wide page. The advent of photocopiers made the practice easier and more flexible. The act of copying/transferring text from one part of a computer-based document ("buffer") to a different location within the same or different computer-based document was a part of the earliest on-line computer editors. As soon as computer data entry moved from punch-cards to online files (in the mid/late 1960s) there were "commands" for accomplishing this operation. This mechanism was often used to transfer frequently-used commands or text snippets from additional buffers into the document, as was the case with the QED editor.[1] The earliest editors, since they were designed for "hard-copy" terminals, provided keyboard commands to delineate contiguous regions of text, remove such regions, or move them to some other location in the file. Since moving a region of text required first removing it from its initial location and then inserting it into its new

Shift and Control keys. Apple mapped the functionalities to key-combinations consisting of the Command key (a special modifier key) held down while typing the letters X (for cut). Lawrence G. The keys involved all cluster together at the left end of the bottom row of the standard QWERTY keyboard. and each key is combined with a special modifier key to perform the desired operation:     Z to undo X to cut C to copy V to paste Control-V was first used for paste in the QED editor. Most software-suppliers provide several methods for performing such tasks. choosing the control key as their modifier key which had previously been reserved for sending control characters. choosing a handful of keyboard sequences to control basic editing operations. Cut and paste Computer-based editing can involve very frequent use of cut-and-paste operations. but some text editors required that the text be first put into some temporary location (AKA.[1] CUA (for OS/2) also uses combinations of the Insert.[2] Apple Computer widely popularized the computer-based cut-and-paste paradigm through the Lisa (1983) and Macintosh (1984) operating systems and applications. pulldown menus. pop-up menus. Although the mechanism was already in widespread use in early line and character editors. remain widely available today in most GUI text editors. and this can involve (for example) key-combinations. C (for copy).location various schemes had to be invented to allow for this multi-step process to be specified by the user. or toolbar buttons. Early versions of Windows used the IBM standard. Del. and file system browsers. word processors. Often this was done by the provision of a 'move' command. . "the clipboard") for later retrieval/placement. and V (for paste). Similar patterns of key combinations. later borrowed by others. Tesler (Larry Tesler) popularized "cut and paste" in the context of computer-based text-editing while working atXerox Corporation Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) in 1974–1975. Microsoft later adopted the Apple style key-combinations with the introduction ofWindows.

5. or other means 3. When a software environment provides cut and paste functionality. especially in UNIX text editors. hence another cut or copy operation overwrites the previously stored information. The clipboard usually stays invisible. and the user (usually) needs no assistance in understanding the operation or maintaining mental context. it may also occur entirely from the keyboard. "cut" text immediately disappears from its location. copy places a copy of the selected text in the clipboard without removing it from its original location.[3] and Windows clipboard-manager programs such as Microsoft Office. On most systems only one clipboard location exists. The clipboard typically remains invisible. typically by clicking at the desired insertion point 6. It differs from cut and paste in that the original source text or data does not get deleted or removed. simple method of reproducing text or other data from a source to a destination. usually take place in quick succession. Visibly. The user selects the text or file for moving by some method. the text has now moved to a location often called the clipboard. The most common kind of cutting and pasting without a mouse involves the entire current line. The user selects a location for insertion by some method. a nondestructive operation called copy usually accompanies them. as do some Macintosh programs such as Clipboard Master. Conceptually. while actually independent. 4. "Cut" files typically change color to indicate that they will be moved.1. typically by dragging over the text or file name with the pointing-device or holding down the Shift key while using the arrow keys to move the text cursor 2. but it may also involve text after the cursor until the end of the line and other more sophisticated operations. Many UNIX text-editors provide multiple clipboard entries. (The paste operation does not typically destroy the clipboard text: it remains available in the clipboard and the user can insert additional copies at other points) Whereas cut-and-paste often takes place with a mouse-equivalent in Windows-like GUI environments. because the operations of cutting and pasting. A paste operation takes place which visibly inserts the clipboard text at the insertion point. Copy and paste The term "copy-and-paste" refers to the popular. such as Pico or vi. The user performs a "cut" operation via key combination Ctrl+x (⌘+x for Macintosh users). The popularity of this . menu.

one may paste the contents of the clipboard into a destination using the key combinations Ctrl+V. but also edit it during the process. Copying often takes place in graphical user interface systems through use of the keycombinations Ctrl+C. or by using some other method. . The X Window System maintains an additional clipboard containing the most recently selected text. or other methods dependent on the system. middle-clicking pastes the content of this "selection" clipboard into whatever the pointer is on at that time.without resorting to permanent storage. such as a context menu or a toolbar button. Once one has copied data into the area of memory referred to as the clipboard. This is in accordance with the IBM Common User Access (CUA) standard.method stems from its simplicity and the ease with which users can move data between various applications visually . Most terminal emulators and some other applications support the key combinations Ctrl-Insert to copy and Shift-Insert to paste. Macintosh computers use the key combinations ⌘C and ⌘V. such as PureText (designed by Steve Miller) which copies text from a table and removes the table during the pasting process. Some programs not only copy and paste text.

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