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Mean Arterial Pressure 70-100 mmHg Average perfusion of a cardiac cycle

Systemic Vascular Resistance 800-1200 dynes (SVR) Measures systemic resistance and reflects afterload of Left Ventricle

Pulmonary Artery Wedge Pressure 8-12 mm Hg (PAWP, PWP) Measures preload of LA &LV, and reflects Left Ventricle End Diastolic Volume

Central Venous Pressure 3-8 mm Hg (CVP, RAP) Measures preload of RA & RV

Pulmonary Vascular Resistance- (PVR) <250 dynes. Measures afterload of RV and reflects lungs resistance
Pulmonary Artery Pressure Systolic (PAP) = 25 systolic and 10 diastolic (Quarter over Dime) Systolic= amount of pressure needed to open Pulmonic Valve and should = RVP when pulmonary valve open. Diastolic = resistance of pulmonary vascular beds when pulmonary valves are closed

Stroke Volume- 60-100 ml/beat. Ejection Fraction- 55-65% Cardiac Output- 4-6L/minute Cardiac Index- 2.5-4. Cardiac output in relation to body mass

Pressure CVP

Increase RHF, overload, Hypertension, cardiac tamponade, RV infarction Hypoxemia, Chronic HF, AV Septal Defects, Pericarditic, Pulmonary Disease, Mitral Stenosis Hypovolemia, hypothermia, vasoconstriction

Decrease Vasodilation, Hypovolemia

RVP

Vasodilation, Hypovolemia

SVR

Shock, vasodilation, vasodilator meds

PAWP

LV function decline, cardiac tamponade, Mitral valve stenosis


Pulmonary Hypertension LHF, increase in pulmonary blood flow, pulmonary Hypertension, hypovolemia, hypoxia, mitral valve Stenosis hypervolemia, inotrope meds

Hypovolemia

PVR PAP

Hypovolemia, vasodilation

SV

Hypovolemia, arrhythmias, decreased contractility, increased afterload