Great Structural Engineers

Engineers have always made a difference. They are the thinkers and innovators that shape our world. Find out here about some of the greatest engineers of all time. Ove Arup (1895 - 1988)

Sir Ove Nyquist Arup is generally considered one of the foremost engineers of the twentieth century. Groundbreaking use of precast concrete, structural glue and computer analysis helped to make Arup's reputation, and that of his firm, Arup. The multi-disciplinary company provided engineering, architectural, and other services for the built environment. Notable projects include the The Sydney Opera House, which Arup worked on from 1957 to 1973. Before his death Arup received a Knighthood from both the British and Danish monarchy along with a plethora of industry commendations. Sir John Fleetwood Baker (1901-1985)

Sir John Fleetwood Baker was one of the first winners of the Institution's Gold Medal award. During the 1930’s Baker carried out tests on buildings which brought a

SS Great Britain (1845) and SS Great Eastern (1858). especially industrial sites and factories. In 1833 he became chief engineer for the Great Western Railway. For residential homes without a garden. As well as bridges. Each ship was the largest in the world at the time of its launch. Baker invented an indoor air raid Morrison Shelter. During the Second World War. His last and greatest work. Baker was appointed Scientific Adviser to the Ministry of Home Security. Marc Isambard Brunel.1859) Considered the father of modern engineering.revelation that led to Baker’s life work on the development of the plastic theory of design. I K Brunel was elected to the Royal Society in 1830. lighthouses and tunnels. Brunel designed the famous steamships SS Great Western (1837). Herbert Morrison MP. when he was just 24. and the first double-acting marine steam engine. Marc Brunel French-born Marc Brunel worked on an enormous number of ingenious projects.1923) . focussing on reducing the impact of bombing of buildings. Brunel was the son of another eminent engineer. a series of (ultimately impracticable) compressed air engines. Gustav Eiffel (1832 . the construction of the Thames Tunnel was completed in 1843. including a suspension bridge. named after the Home Secretary. Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806 .

designing the Eiffel Tower using this material. the House of Commons. Oscar Faber was awarded a CBE in 1951 for his work on the house of commons. Faber was influential in the development of the use of reinforced concrete in the UK. at a time when many engineers were distrustful of the material. Faber pioneered simple deflection load tests. Eiffel liked to work with new technology. especially wrought iron. and the resistance of reinforced concrete beams to shear. a gift from the people of France to the people of New York. Key projects include the bank of England. Another notable design was the Statue of Liberty. Oscar Faber (1886-1956) Oscar Faber was the son of the Danish Commissioner of Agriculture in London. and many factories. ventilation and air conditioning. including heating.G. Eiffel was most famous for his bridges and viaducts. Tony Hunt (1932 . In 1992 he co-authored the book Reinforced Concrete Design with P.present day) . and from them developed his theory of ‘Plastic yield in concrete’.Bowie – a text which was to become a standard work. as well as Africa House and India House in London.A talented French engineer. From 1911 onwards.

He is first and foremost a designer and is actively involved in the design development of projects. He lectures regularly in the UK. Europe. Fazlur Khan (1929 – 1982) . His career. His work has included a number of award winning structures including the Schlumberger Research Facility. has involved working with a number of prominent architects and writing many authoritative books. spanning six decades. London and The Eden Project. USA and Canada. acts as jury member for competitions and is a regular book reviewer.Tony Hunt is one of Britain’s most highly regarded structural engineers. working closely with most of the leading architects in the UK and also in France. Hunt has wide experience in building structures of all types and materials but his speciality is in sophisticated steelwork. Cornwall. Cambridge. Waterloo International Station.

Khan's central innovation in skyscraper design and construction was the idea of the tube and bundled tube structural systems for tall buildings.S. Airforce Academy and The United Airlines Building complex. Guy Maunsell (1884-1961) .Khan was regarded as the Einstein of structural engineering. including the Oscar Faber medal from the Institution in 1973. Saudi Arabia. epitomising both structural engineering achievement and creative collaborative effort between engineer and architect. allowing skyscrapers such as the Sears tower in Chicago to be built. and x-bracing. Khan planned and designed the Hajj Terminal at the International Airport Jeddah. Apart from many high rise buildings. These innovations reduced loads. Throughout his career Khan was presented with many honours. the U.

Peter Rice (1935 . Maunsell is best known for his innovative. the Sydney Opera House. His view was always that the interests of the client would be best served by an integrated approach to design and construction. which made revolutionary use of pre stressed concrete as a construction method. the Louvre Pyramid. a practice famed for its pioneering work using pre-stressed concrete in major bridges. completed in 1961. Lloyd's of London. having a cool head and managing to realise ambitious artistic designs in concrete. Kansai International Airport and Stansted Airport. Felix Samuely (1902 – 1959) .Guy Maunsell was the British civil engineer responsible for the design of the acclaimed World War II naval sea forts and army forts used in the defence of the UK's Thames and Mersey estuaries. the Mound Stand at Lord's Cricket Ground. along with a strategic approach. Rice was known for his sympathetic attitude to design. In 1955 he founded the UK firm of Maunsell & Partners. The most famous example is the Hammersmith Flyover. practical maritime engineering which included the army seaforts.1992) Peter Rice was an Irish structural engineer who worked on a number of high profile projects including the Centre Pompidou.

Robert Stephenson (1803 . Robert Stephenson became Chief Engineer of the London and Birmingham Railway in 1833. and for designing the first all-welded steel structure in the UK – the De la Warr Pavilion. Bexhill. Felix Samuely first came to England in 1933. steel and timber. Samuely engineered the famous Skylon. . He pioneered space structures and folded slab construction in concrete. He is known as the engineer who carried out the structural analysis of the ramps.1859) Robert Stephenson’s 'Rocket' placed the firm of Robert Stephenson & Co at the forefront of steam locomotive design. Before the Second World War. Stephenson was famed for the many bridges he designed. including the High Level Bridge in Newcastle upon Tyne (1849). Known during the fifties as the architects’ engineer. the Britannia Tubular Bridge over the Menai Straits in Wales (1850) and the Royal Border Bridge at Berwick upon Tweed (1850). Samuely pioneered welded tubular steel construction. During the 1840s he was consultant engineer on a great many railway schemes. for the famous Berthold Lubetkin Penguin Pool at London Zoo.Born in Germany in 1902. the iconic symbol of the 1950 Festival of Britain.

source:www.istructe. Other works include the Menai Suspension Bridge (18191826).org Subramanian . St Katherine's Docks (1824-1828) in London and more than 1.1834) In 1787 Telford became surveyor of public works for Shropshire. This involved building the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct. followed by a canal to link the ironworks and collieries of Wrexham with Chester and Shrewsbury. After the completion of the Ellesmere Canal Telford moved back to Scotland to build the Caledonian Canal. In 1790 Telford built a bridge over the River Severn at Montford. including the main road between London and Holyhead.Thomas Telford (1757 . over the River Dee using a new method of construction consisting of troughs made from cast-iron plates and fixed in masonry.000 miles of road.

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