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com‬‬

‫ذ‪ .‬א אل‬

‫א ضאوس 
‪2‬א "! مאوא ض ‬

‫اء ‪:‬‬
‫ 
‪1‬‬
‫‪ (1‬د ا ‪( 1pts):‬‬
‫‪(2‬‬
‫‪ (1.2‬ا  ا ا ‬

‫‪2N2O5 → 4NO2 + O2‬‬

‫‪ !" : Vs‬ا‪ $%‬ا‪#‬‬
‫‪'( : X‬م ا‬
‫)‪2.2‬ا‪ (0‬ا‪/‬و‪(X 2) 
) * +, -‬‬

‫) ‪(1pts‬‬

‫‪ (2.2‬ا  ا ا ا*'‪V0 : 3‬‬
‫*‪ : 4‬وي ا( ا‪  (7‬ا‪ 56‬س ‪ '+ -++‬أ; اار ‪(0,5pts). 9‬‬
‫ا ب‪ :‬ا‪ : ( 7‬أ‪ ?4‬ا‪( 0,5pts) 0‬‬
‫‪V0 = 11m.mol.l-1.mn -1 = 1,8.10-4 mol.l-1‬‬
‫‪ (3.2‬ز
‪ @A4‬ا ‪(0,5pts) :‬‬
‫*‪ : 4‬ا? ا‪'+ #% #‬ه ‪ @A4‬ا آ)‬
‫ا*'‪: #3‬‬

‫و‪ 
5+‬ا*ن ‪t1/2 = 10mn :‬‬

‫‪ (4.2‬ﺒﻨﻔﺱ ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻝﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ)‪(0,25pts‬‬
‫ﻨﺠﺩ ‪(0,25pts) 18mn :‬‬
‫‪ 10mn‬ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺴﺒﺔ ل ‪ t1/2‬ﻭ‬

‫ﺘﻘﺒل ﻜل ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻝﻘﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ‬

‫ﺍﻝﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻝﻘﺭﻴﺒﺔ ﻤﻥ ‪ 18 mn‬ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺴﺒﺔ ‪ t 1‬ﺸﺭﻴﻁﺔ ﺇﻅﻬﺎﺭ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻝﻘﻴﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻝﻤﻨﺤﻨﻰ‬

‫ﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ‪2‬‬
‫‪(1‬‬
‫‪(1.1‬‬

‫‪ HCOOH + H2O HCOO - + H3O+‬ﻴﻜﻔﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻨﻤﻸ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻝﺠﺩﻭل ﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻤﻡ ﻜﺘﺎﺒﺔ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﺎﺩﻝﺔ )‪( 0, 5pts‬‬

‫‪ (2.1‬ﺍﻝﺠﺩﻭل ﺍﻝﻭﺼﻔﻲ ‪( 0, 5pts) :‬‬
‫‪1‬‬

‫•‬

‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ‪( 0,5pts) Xmax‬‬

‫‪ CV - Xmax= 0‬ﻭﻤﻨﻪ ‪Xmax = CV =10-2.10.10-3= 10-4 mol :‬‬
‫• ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ‪( 0,5pts ) Xf‬‬

‫‪(3.1‬ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻝﺘﻔﺎﻋل‬
‫ﻝﻨﺤﺴﺏ ﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻝﺘﻘﺩﻡ ﺍﻝﻨﻬﺎﺌﻲ ﻝﻠﺘﻔﺎﻋل ‪(0,5pts ) τ = Xf / Xmax = 1,25.10-5/10-4= 0125=12,5 0/0 :‬‬
‫ﺍﻝﺘﻔﺎﻋل ﺇﺫﺍ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻜﻠﻲ ﻭﻴﺅﺩﻱ ﺇﻝﻰ ﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ ﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺌﻲ ﻷﻥ ) ‪(0,5pts ) τ < 1 ( 100 0/0‬‬
‫‪ (1.4‬ﺃﻱ ﺍﻝﻤﺤﻠﻭﻝﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﺴﺎﺒﻘﻴﻥ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﺘﻘﺩﻤﺎ )‪(0,5pts‬‬
‫ﺍﻝﺘﻔﺎﻋل ﺍﻷﻜﺜﺭ ﺘﻘﺩﻤﺎ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻝﺘﻔﺎﻋل ﺍﻝﺫﻱ ﻴﻨﺘﺞ ﺃﻜﺒﺭ ﻜﻤﻴﺔ ﻤﺎﺩﺓ ) ﻝﺩﻴﻨﺎ ﺤﻤﻀﻴﻥ ﻝﻬﻤﺎ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺍﻝﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ ﺍﻝﺒﺩﺌﻲ (‬
‫ﻭﻤﻨﻪ ﻴﻤﻜﻥ ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ ﺍﻝﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯﻴﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﻬﺎﺌﻴﻴﻥ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻨﺴﺘﻨﺘﺞ ﺃﻥ ﺘﻔﺎﻋل ﺤﻤﺽ ﺍﻝﻤﻴﺜﺎﻨﻭﻴﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻝﻤﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﺘﻁﻭﺭﺍ ﻤﻥ ﺘﻔﺎﻋل ﺤﻤﺽ ﺍﻝﺒﻨﺯﻭﻴﻙ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻝﻤﺎﺀ‬

‫ﺍﻝﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻭل‬

‫‪2‬‬

‫ﺍﻝﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ ‪2‬‬
‫‪ (0,5pts)(11‬ﺍﻝﻨﻅﺎﺌﺭ ‪ :‬ﻫﻲ ﻨﻭﻴﺩﺍﺕ ﺘﺘﻤﻴﺯ ﺒﻨﻔﺱ ﺍﻝﻌﺩﺩ ﺍﻝﺫﺭﻱ ‪ Z‬ﻭﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻼﻑ ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻝﻨﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬
‫) ﺃﻱ ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻝﻜﺘﻠﺔ‪( A‬‬

‫)‪(0,5pts‬‬
‫ﺍﻝﻨﻭﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬

‫ﺍﻝﺒﺭﻭﺘﻭﻨﺎﺕ‬

‫‪1‬‬

‫‪1‬‬

‫‪2‬‬

‫‪1‬‬

‫‪ (21‬ﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ ﺍﻻﻨﺩﻤﺎﺝ ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻭﻱ ‪:‬ﻫﻭ ﺘﻔﺎﻋل ﻨﻭﻭﻱ ﺘﺘﺤﻭل ﻓﻴﻪ ﻨﻭﺍﺘﺎﻥ ﺨﻔﻴﻔﺘﺎﻥ ﺇﻝﻰ ﻨﻭﺍﺓ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﺜﻘﻼ )‪(0,5pts‬‬
‫ﺍﻝﻐﺎﻴﺔ ﻤﻨﻪ ﻫﻭ ﺍﻝﺤﺼﻭل ﻋﻠﻰ ﻨﻭﻯ ﺃﻜﺜﺭ ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺭﺍ ‪(0,5pts).‬‬
‫‪(2‬‬
‫‪(0,5pts) (1.2‬‬
‫ﺒﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ ﻗﻭﺍﻨﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﻨﺤﻔﺎﻅ ‪ A = 4‬ﻭ ‪ Z = 2‬ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﺠﺩﻭل ‪:‬ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻴﺩﺓ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺘﺠﺔ ﻋﻥ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻻﻨﺩﻤﺎﺝ ﻫﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫))‪(0,5pts‬‬
‫‪(2.2‬‬
‫)‪E = ∆m.C2 = ( m(He)+m(n) –m(2H)-m(3H)).C 2 (0,5pts‬‬
‫• ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺏ‪MeV :‬‬

‫)‪( 0,5pts‬‬
‫‪3‬‬

‫‪E = (4,00150+1,00866-3,01550-2,01366)u.C2= -1,9.10-2u.C2= -17.7MeV‬‬
‫• ﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺏ )‪(0,5pts) (J‬‬
‫‪E =- 17.7.106.1.6.10-19 = -2,8.10 -13 J‬‬
‫• )‪(0,5pts‬ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻝﻤﺤﺭﺭﺓ ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻝﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ ‪ E= -E/n :‬ﻭﻤﻨﻪ ‪:‬‬

‫‪E = 3,5 Mev/nucléon‬‬

‫‪ (3‬ﻨﻌﺘﺒﺭ ﺍﻝﺘﻔﺎﻋل ﺍﻝﺘﺎﻝﻲ ‪:‬‬

‫‪ (1.3‬ﺍﻝﺘﻔﺎﻋل ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻭﻱ ﺍﻝﺤﺎﺼل ﻫﻭ ﺘﻔﺎﻋل ﺍﻨﺩﻤﺎﺝ ﻭﺤﺴﺏ ﻗﻭﺍﻨﻴﻥ ﺍﻻﻨﺤﻔﺎﻅ ‪ A = 139‬ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ‪( 0,5pts) z = 38‬‬
‫ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺘﺠﺔ ﺏ ‪: MeV‬‬
‫)‪E = ∆m.C2 = ( m(Sr)+m(Xe)+3m (n) –m(U)-m(n)).C 2 (0,5pts‬‬
‫‪E = - 0,19318u.C 2 = - 180MeV‬‬
‫‪ (2.3‬ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻝﻨﺎﺘﺠﺔ ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻝﻨﻭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ ‪(0,5pts) :‬‬
‫‪ E= -E/n=180/236‬ﻭﻤﻨﻪ ‪:‬‬

‫‪E = 0,7 Mev/nucléon‬‬

‫‪ (4‬ﺍﻝﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻝﻤﺭﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ ﻫﻲ ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻻﻨﺩﻤﺎﺝ ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻭﻱ ‪ :‬ﺍﻝﻁﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻝﻤﺤﺭﺭﺓ ﺒﺎﻝﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻝﻨﻭﻴﺔ ‪ 5‬ﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺃﻜﺒﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﻨﺤﺼل ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺒﺎﻻﻨﺸﻁﺎﺭ ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻭﻱ ) ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ ﺍﻝﻤﺤﺼل ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺴﺎﺒﻘﺎ (‬
‫ﺍﻝﺴﺒﺏ ﺍﻝﺜﺎﻨﻲ ‪ ) :‬ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻤﻌﻁﻴﺎﺕ ( ﺍﻝﻨﺸﺎﻁ ﺍﻻﺸﻌﺎﻋﻲ ﻝﻠﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ ﺍﻝﺘﻲ ﺘﻌﻁﻲ ﺍﻨﺩﻤﺎﺝ ﻨﻭﻭﻱ ﺃﻗل ﻤﻥ ﺍﻝﻨﻭﻯ ﺍﻝﺸﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬

‫‪4‬‬