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line size calcualtion for pumps

for liquid oisd rp- 108


) Flow velocity at tank inlet should not exceed 1 m/s until the inlet is completely submerged.
For easy reference, permissible flow rates for initial filling are given below:
Size of Inlet Pipe
(in mm)
-------------------------300
250
200
150
100
80

Max.Flow
(cu.m./hr)
------------------246
168
109
59
27
25.5

246
168
109
59
24
25.5

As there would be variations in number of trucks/wagons being loaded at a time, the flow
rate through each point would also vary. Hence, restriction orifices or flow control valves
must be provided to restrict velocity upto 6 m/sec, particularly for motor spirit, kerosene,
ATF and diesel.
Fire Hydrant Network
(i) Fire water ring main shall be sized for 120% of the design water flow rate. Velocity of
the water shall not exceed more than 5 m/s in the fire water ring main.

8.98603E-07
8.69223E-07

m/s
0.898603
0.869223

aspl projects

sko
FLOW,kl/ hr

inlet VEL,m/s area, m2

d, mm

d, inch

pump 1

144 W

pump 2

144 S

pump 1

144 W

6 0.006667 0.092113 92.11324 4"

pump 2

144 S

6 0.006667 0.092113 92.11324 4"

pump 1
pump 2

144 W
144 S

d, m

1
outlet velocity

0.04

0.22563 225.6304 10"

0.04

0.22563 225.6304 10"

alternate option
outlet velocity
3 0.013333 0.130268 130.2678 6"
3 0.013333 0.130268 130.2678 6"

hsd
pump 1
pump 2
pump 3
pump 4
pump 5

FLOW,kl/ hr
288 W
288 W
288 W
288 W
288 S

total, header size

1152

pump 1
pump 2
pump 3
pump 4
pump 5
total, header size

288
288
288
288
288
1152

W
W
W
W
S

inlet VEL,m/s area, m2 d, m


d, mm
d, inch
1
0.08 0.31909 319.0896 14"
1.5 0.053333 0.260536 260.5356 14"
1
0.08 0.31909 319.0896 14"
1
0.08 0.31909 319.0896 14"
1
0.08 0.31909 319.0896 14"
12" size considered
1.5 0.213333 0.521071 521.0712 20"

outlet velocity
6 0.013333 0.130268 130.2678 6"
3 0.026667 0.184226 184.2265 8"

3 0.106667 0.368453 368.4529 16"

bay details
no. of bays

lpm
2

pump inlet
line size

m3/hr
2400

144

pump
discharge line
size

pump
discharge line

bay details
pump inlet line size

12" size considered


1.65414E-06 1.654138

pump discharge line size

1.65414E-06 1.654138

no. of bays lpm


m3/hr
11
13200
792
10
12000
720

Pressure drop in pipes:


Coefficient of viscocity, for HSD-5CST, MS-0.51CST, SKO-1.18CST,
HPCL Kanpur Terminal

Suction headers 18" for HSD-III, HSD-IV , 20" for MS-III, MS-IV and 12" for
Sl. No. Product

Pipe dia Flow rate Flow rate


in mm
in lpm in m3/sec

Velocity in
m/sec

Velocity
Head (m)

Coefficient
Renoylds
of viscocity
number (Re)
in CST

495.2

0.24

1.246120637 0.079145

123415.788

311.1

0.08

1.052446634 0.056455

65483.2296

HSD-III

444.4

5200

0.0866667 0.558745594 0.015912

49661.3084

261.8

5200

0.0866667 1.609989069 0.132113

84299.0277

495.2

10400

0.1733333 0.899976015 0.041282

0.51

873859.064

261.8

5200

0.0866667 1.609989069 0.132113

0.51

826461.056

495.2

5200

0.0866667 0.449988008 0.010321

0.51

436929.532

261.8

5200

0.0866667 1.609989069 0.132113

0.51

826461.056

HSD-IV

MS-III

MS-IV

312.7

5200

0.0866667 1.128512696

0.06491

1.18

299055.864

261.8

5200

0.0866667 1.609989069 0.132113

1.18

357199.27

SKO

Note: The number of elbow and Tee are tentative it may be changed.

Net Positive Suction Head Calculation


Ha

The absolute pressure on the surface of the liquid in the supply tank

Hz

The vertical distance between the surface of the liquid in the supply tank and the centerline of the pump

Hf

Friction losses in the suction piping

Hv

Velocity head at the pump suction port

Hvp

Absolute vapor pressure of the liquid at the pumping temperature

NPSHA=

Ha + Hz - Hf + Hv - Hvp

Product

vapour Specific
pressure
@38 C
m
kg/cm2 Gravity

vapour

Ha(MLC)

Hz(m)

Hf(m)

Hv(m)(max.)

pressure
@38 C
(MLC) Hvp

HSD-III

0.1

0.86

1.16

11.63

1.50

2.75

0.06

HSD-IV

0.1

0.86

1.16

11.63

1.50

1.97

0.13

MS-III

0.61

0.775

7.87

12.90

1.50

1.93

0.14

MS-IV

0.61

0.775

7.87

12.90

1.50

1.26

0.13

0.3

0.84

3.57

11.90

1.50

3.45

0.13

SKO

S-III, MS-IV and 12" for SKO in Wagon Unloading Pumps:


Pressure
Friction factor
Pipe
drop in m per
4f(f) from
Length in
m length of
graph
m
pipe
0.017240189 0.00275539

0.01945

0.021278

0.01945

0.00352956

0.00076188

0.00981515

0.013490185 0.00112461

0.01455182

0.014431952

0.01455182

0.00734335

0.00030078

0.00734335

Valves and
Fittings

Equivalent
Length in m

Total pressure
Total Pipe
drop in pipe in
Length in m
m

690

MOV -1
GATE VALVE - 3
CHECK VALVE - 0
900 ELBOW - 2
TEE -3

8.1 *1=8.1
( 5.85*3) = 17.55
33*0 =0
9*2 = 18
29.25*3 = 87.75

821.4

2.263274648

10

MOV - 0
GATE VALVE - 1
CHECK VALVE - 0
Stainer -1
900 ELBOW - 1
TEE - 1

0
3.25*1 = 3.25
33*0 =0
105*1 = 105
5*1 = 5
15*1=15

138.2

0.487785405

Total

2.751060052

680

MOV -1
GATE VALVE - 3
CHECK VALVE - 0
900 ELBOW - 2
TEE -3

8.1 *1=8.1
( 5.85*3) = 17.55
33*0 =0
9*2 = 18
29.25*3 = 87.75

811.4

0.618188579

10

MOV - 0
GATE VALVE - 1
CHECK VALVE - 0
Stainer -1
900 ELBOW - 1
TEE - 1

0
3.2*1 = 3.2
33*0 =0
105*1 = 105
5*1 = 5
15*1=15

138.2

1.356453337

Total

1.974641916

670

MOV -1
GATE VALVE - 3
CHECK VALVE - 0
900 ELBOW - 2
TEE -3

9 *1=9
( 6.5*3) = 19.5
33*0 =0
10*2 = 20
32.5*3 = 97.5

816

0.917677949

10

MOV - 0
GATE VALVE - 1
CHECK VALVE - 0
Stainer -1
900 ELBOW - 1
TEE - 1

0
3.2*1 = 3.2
33*0 =0
105*1 = 105
5*1 = 5
15*1=15

138.2

1.014851661

Total

1.93252961

MOV -1
GATE VALVE - 3
CHECK VALVE - 0
900 ELBOW - 2
TEE -3

9 *1=9
( 6.5*3) = 19.5
33*0 =0
10*2 = 20
32.5*3 = 97.5

806

0.242427765

MOV - 0
GATE VALVE - 1
CHECK VALVE - 0
Stainer -1
900 ELBOW - 1
TEE - 1

0
3.2*1 = 3.2
33*0 =0
105*1 = 105
5*1 = 5
15*1=15

138.2

1.014851661

660

10

Total
0.015812844 0.00328243

0.015725

0.00793538

650

10

MOV -1
GATE VALVE - 3
CHECK VALVE - 0
900 ELBOW - 2
TEE -3

5.4 *1=5.4
( 3.9*3) = 11.7
33*0 =0
6*2 = 12
19.5*3 = 39

MOV - 0
GATE VALVE - 1
CHECK VALVE - 0
Stainer -1
900 ELBOW - 1
TEE - 1

0
3.2*1 = 3.2
33*0 =0
105*1 = 105
5*1 = 5
15*1=15

1.257279426

718.1

2.357115847

138.2

1.096669857

Total

3.453785705

he centerline of the pump

312
NPSHA(m)

9.27
10.12
4.74
5.41
6.51

959.6