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A FEW REPRESENTATIVE STEEL GRADES PRODUCED BY PSM AND THEIR APPLICATIONS

PSM has so far produced more than 250 steel grades of International Standards (May also produce other steel grades, as per customers request)
SR. STEEL
NO. GRADES

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION (Wt %)

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

Ni

Cu

Others

NEAREST
GERMAN
(BoHLER)
GRADE

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS

1.1191

Parts of general engineering, autombiles, vehicles axles, coupling parts &


shafts spindle etc.

1.0726

Generator shafts, worm gears, wheel puller bolts where parts must resist
wear and also be tough with good machinability.

1.0487

Special constructional steel which develop high tensile and fatigue strength
as well as toughness after heat treatment.

1.7262

Parts requiring toughness & core strength e.g. gear, shafts for automotive &
general mechanical engineering.

AISI 1045

0.43
0.50

0.15
0.35

0.60
0.90

max.
0.040

max.
0.050

---

---

---

max.
0.35

---

AISI 1141

0.37
0.45

0.15
0.30

1.35
1.65

0.04

0.08
0.13

---

---

---

---

---

ASTM A516
(Grade 60)

0.23

0.15
0.40

0.85
1.20

0.04

0.04

---

---

---

---

---

SCM-415

0.13
0.18

0.15
0.35

0.60
0.85

max.
0.030

max.
0.030

0.90
1.20

0.15
0.30

<0.25

max.
0.3

---

20MnCr5

0.17
0.22

0.15
0.40

1.10
1.40

max.
0.035

max.
0.035

1.00
1.30

---

---

---

---

1.7147
(M 100)

Average size Cog wheels, arbors & gears for vehicles etc.

AISI 8620

0.18
0.23

0.15
0.35

0.70
0.90

max.
0.035

max.
0.040

0.40
0.60

0.15
0.25

0.40
0.70

max.
0.35

---

1.6523
(E 116)

Parts of large cross section requiring toughness and core strength e.g.
gears, crank shafts, shafts for aircraft, truck and for general mechanical
engineering.

AISI 5140

0.38
0.43

0.15
0.35

0.70
0.90

max.
0.035

max.
0.040

0.70
0.90

---

---

max.
0.35

---

1.7035
(V 500)

Highly stressed components of automobiles, vehicles and general mechanical engineering.

AISI 4140

0.38
0.43

0.15
0.35

0.75
1.00

0.04

0.04

0.80
1.10

0.15
0.25

---

---

---

AISI 4340

0.38
0.43

0.15
0.35

0.60
0.80

max.
0.035

max.
0.040

0.70
0.90

0.20
0.30

1.65
2.00

---

---

10

PSM 3
Armour

0.27
0.33

0.2
0.4

0.3
0.6

max.
0.02

max.
0.015

0.70
1.1

0.3
0.5

2.8
3.5

---

---

0.15
0.35

0.65
0.95

max.
0.035

max.
0.035

0.65
0.95

---

---

max.
0.35

---

11

0.52
SUP-9
(JIS-G 4801) 0.60

1.7225
1.6565
(V 121)
DIN 1.6659

(V 121)

Automotive connecting rods, crankshafts, knuckles, rear axle and trailer axle
shafts, oil industry, bits, core drills, reamer bodies, drill collars, tool joints,
piston rods, aircraft, shapes, tubing and pump parts.
Highly stressed components of large cross section e.g. air craft, automotive
& machines propeller/ gear/ crank shafts, connecting rods & landing gear
components etc.
Armour plates for tanks, military vehicles and bullet proof applications.

1.7176 Leaf springs for autombiles/ heavy duty vehicle/ railways. Torsion bars and
AISI-5160 Coil springs.

12

AISI
E 52100

0.98
1.10

0.20
0.30

0.25
0.45

max.
0.025

max.
0.025

1.30
1.60

---

---

max.
0.30

---

1.3505
(R 100)

Ball and roller bearing parts e.g. balls, rollers, needles, cones, rings and
discs upto 30mm finishing thickness for service temperature upto 200C.

13

AISI 304

max.
0.08

max.
1.00

max.
2.00

max.
0.045

max.
0.030

18.00
20.00

---

8.00
10.50

max.
0.35

N 0.05
0.080

1.4301
(A 500)

Cutlery, medical, kitchen, automotive, and sanitary equipment.

14

AISI 304L

max.
0.03

max.
1.00

max.
2.00

max.
0.045

max.
0.030

18.00
20.00

---

8.00
12.00

max.
0.35

N 0.05
0.080

1.4306
(A 604)

Chemical industry, pharmaceutical industry and nuclear engineering.

15

AISI 316L

max.
0.03

max.
1.00

max.
2.00

max.
0.045

max.
0.030

16.00
18.00

2.00
3.00

10.00
14.00

---

---

1.4404
(A 100)

Dyeing, sulphite, pulp, wood, dairy equipment, chemical and rayon


industries.

16

AISI 321

max.
0.08

max.
1.00

max.
2.00

max.
0.045

max.
0.030

17.00
19.00

---

9.00
12.00

---

17

SUS 420J2

0.26
0.40

max.
1.00

max.
1.00

max.
0.040

max.
0.030

12.00
14.00

max.
0.60

---

---

---

1.4028
(N 540)

Cutlery, knives, sword and valve parts, etc.

18

AISI 440C

0.95
1.20

max.
1.00

max.
1.00

max.
0.040

max.
0.03

16.00
18.00

max.
0.75

---

---

---

1.4125
(N 695)

Cutting tools requiring superior corrosion resistance, detergent resistant


cutlery and for wear resistant components.

19

AISI D2

1.40
1.60

0.30
0.50

0.30
0.50

0.030

0.025

11.00
13.00

0.70
1.20

---

---

(V 0.8 max) 1.2379


(Co 0.6 max) (K 110)

Excellent toughness and suitable for bath nitriding. High-performance cutting


dies and punches, shear blades for cutting, thread rolling dies, deep drawing,
measuring tools, plastic molding, extrusion and pressing tools etc.

20

AISI P20

0.28
0.40

0.20
0.80

0.60
1.00

max.
0.030

max.
0.030

1.40
2.00

0.30
0.55

---

---

21

AISI H13

0.32
0.45

0.80
1.20

0.20
0.45

max.
0.025

max.
0.025

4.75
5.50

1.25
1.75

max.
0.030

22

AISI T4

0.70
0.80

0.20
0.40

0.20
0.40

max.
0.030

max.
0.030

3.75
4.50

0.70
1.00

---

---

V 0.80-1.20
W 17.25-18.75
Co 4.25-5.75

1.3255

Lathe and plaining tools with eminent cutting strength and toughness.

23

AISI 310S

max.
0.08

max.
1.50

max.
2.00

max.
0.045

max.
0.030

24.00
26.00

---

19.00
22.00

---

---

1.4841
(H 532)

Heat treatment furnace parts, grate, fitting, door, fan, super heated
suspension, valves, spindles, bolts, nuts, rivets and tubes and tubular
components in petroleum industry.

Note: Elements given in (

) are optional.

Aircraft Exhaust stacks and manifolds, pressure vessel, large mufflers for
Ti >5xC 0.70 DIN 1.4541
stationary diesel engines, expansion bellows, stack liners & fire walls etc.

---

Plastic moulds, backers, bolster & die holders. Also suitable for applications

DIN 1.2302 like rails, shafts and wear strips.

max. V 0.80-1.20 1.2344


0.030 AI 0.10 max (W 302)

Heavy duty hot work dies, mandrels and tubes for hot extrusion. Die casting
equipment, hot shear blades and plastic molding dies.