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TU DD

|+ a|a |+ aat |+a| t||a| ta t|+ +a, t|+c a+c |+| aa| sa, t|+a t|+ |+| aa|
|+ t|| a+ aa| aae| 1+a c|+ a|+a a|a aat 1|ca | t|+t ||ca a||ca, t+| s+a! |a 1+a
saa saea t|aa 1a, |a a| 1a |+ a|a| t|aea, t+| s+a! |a c|+ a|+a aat aac ta!
||ca l|ac e aac tc t|| +a a|a 1|ca |a+a e aat a| aa |ea, ca aat sa t|a|
t+a, caa t|aa aaec +a a|a |+ c|+ a|+a, a|ca |a, aat caac c|+ t|aa, a sa | |+|,
t+| s+a! +a caa t|aa sa |a+a a+a t|| sc ||aa t|c a|+a t|+ t|+t ta. ta aat aa
aaec ia+, ca aat sa |+a a+a, + aat t|ac a+c| a+a| ||ct 1c t|a+t |+, aat t|ac a+c|
ta |c t|aa t|aa t|a a+a |c a+ |e. Ha| t|aa t|a a|a |+ aat sa a|a| a|ct t|ca,
ta sac a+a| a| 1aa aca i+ ia+, aca t|aa, ta 1+t |+ sa t|+ +a... a||a |+|. ||ca 1a
+a ca ta 1|ca |+, ta t|a| c|+.
Caaa a+ a+, |c t|aa a+ 1+a t|a| c|+ a|a aat +a |+c.
Tu do
ca caac saa a+ t|ac sa ta 1a, t|| c|aa t+ sc ||aa a+a |e aa| c ta
1a. |aa aa| t|a +a caa t|aa a|aa aac ta, + 1|ca |a+a. Hat sa t|+t!
t|aa t+ 1+ aca saa t|aa sa |+a aaac, + c|+ a|+a 1|ca a+. t|aa
t+ +a aaaa ca ta 1a, ||ca ca ta 1a ||aa! t|aa t+ c|| ca a|a c+a, + 1aec 1+
aa, 1a |+ ta 1a taea 1a|, ta 1a t|aa ||aaa ||a, t|aa |+a aaac. + t|aa |+a |
a| |+a aaac a+, c|aa t+ s+a t+a a|aa ae|, + s+a t+a ca t|+t sa 1aa a||+!
t|aa t+ saa t|aa ta 1a e a||ca c+ 1a, aat |+a aa+, ||ca ta 1a ca
a||ca c+ 1a ||aa! |+a aaac, |a+c c|+ a|+a |+a aaac, t|| sc ||aa ca ta 1a t|+t
sa. |+ |e, c||a| c|aa t+ sc aa a|+a |+a . c|+ a|+a ca t|ca a||ca |+a aaac,
|a| 1ca aat |ac a+a 1a sc ca 1aec ta 1a!. l|+t sa ca t|e| 1|ca 1a ||aa!
||aa a|ct ta a+a |e, ||e| 1+a |+ |, a|aa sac a+a| a+, a|aa 1aa aca
a+ ta aa ||a| t|+a| a|a aat t|ca t||a| ta t|+ +a, a+a s+t, 1c a|+a t|+ ta 1a.
||ca l|ac caa c|| |+ aat 1+a t|ac |+a| 1aa t|aa caac saa. la| + aa + a|+a
t|a| ce a|a a+a t|a ||+c, ||aa taa t+| c|aa |a+, 1+a 1a |ac ||e| 1+a. la| c|| a|e
ca aat c|at e| a|a a|a ta a|aa aae| iaa a+a|, |a ca +a 1|a| a||+ ||ca
l|ac |+ t|c a+a 1c c|a ta| 1aec ||ca, |a c|| ||ca |+a aae| |+a c ||ca l|ac |+ t+a
aca c+| |+ |+a, ||aa ca +a 1c | + ta| 1|.
l||s |s +a |t|ac|+| a| sc||ci+a|a+t|aa +a1 ac| +aaat cc|t||a, |c|acst|
+t|a +|| t|c +|ac t|+t ca|c +ccct +s c|1cat t|at|, |! l|c +|c |+ |a |t, t|c
c+|| t|+t |s aa|a+|, |! l|c +ccctc1 ta ac |a + ||saa.
C|aa+| ||c||tccta|c |s ac+|| c|+i |a + |+|c sc+|c, saacaac +|c st||| sc||caa
t|a||c1, aat |atc|a+| +|c||tccta|c |s scca ta ac caa|aa|sc1, caaccss|c + |t|1|+ |t|
sa a+a +|aacat, |! W|cacc| st||| ca|c +|c |a caa|as|aa, st||| t|c c+aaat scc t|c
a|1c|. l|c|c |s + ||||, + |ac| +a1 + c|cacat |css|a ta csc+c + |css|a ||aa t|c
c| |+st |a|a|a+t|aa sstca aa. |+c| |a|a|a+t|aa |s sta||c1 a ||aa t|c |c|css +ac|cat
|a|cc, |atc|a+|, sc||acst|aa|a, |aa| a+c|. |t |s caat|aaaas| |+ca|a +a1 ||a|a.
l||s a+c||ac a| t||s sstcaj |s ||a|a +s + |+||ac|a+t|aa.
Liberty
|| t||s |||c |s |c+|| ||cc, c ||| acc| t+|| +aaat ||ac|t. |at cc|t||a |s st|||
|a ||saas +a1 |aa+c. |t |s t|at|!
Wc +|c |+a|||+| |t| a|a1|a aa|sc|cs +a1 +ccct ta 1a t|+t. Wc st||| +at
||ac|t, |s |t ci|st! Wc ast aa| |+c 1ca+a1s +a1 +|c s+t|s||c1 |t| t|ca, |t |s |+|||
||ac|t, ||ac|t |a ||+aca||, ||ac|t |t| a|a1|a. |a1 |as|1c t||s a|a1|a, c c|c+tc ac
t||as, sa |s t|+t c|c+t||t |c+|!
Wc +|c |||a |a ||ac|t +t sa a+a |cc|s, aacc aa|c t|ac, |s ||ac|t |+c
|cc|s! ||1|a a| +ccctc1 ta aaaa1, t|c|c ||| aa |c+| ||ac|t. |a1 t|ca, c aa|sc|cs |||
a|saa1c|st+a1 t|+t +ccct |t| aa|c a|a1|a t||| saact|ac t|c|c ||| |+c ||ac|t. W|||
t|+t t|ac caac!
|aat |aa |ca |t st+|tc1 a| |c|c |s t|c ac|aa|a, t||s ac| +a1 t||s
|cssa|c t|casc|cs accaac + |acc1a|c a| sc||ci+a|a+t|aa, sa|c, ta scc t|c ||ac|t. ||
c||tccta|c |s ast aa| + tc a| +ct |a aa|a+| |||c. | +a1 |t acct c+c| at|c| aacicctc1|
|t|aat c|aas|a, aa1c||a +t t|c ac|aa|a. | ast aa| |cacaac| t|c|c |s saac sacsts
||aa ca|c +|aaa1 ac t|+t t|c t||c1 ta ci|+|a ac |a ta 1c||ac |+t +|c||tccta|c |s.
l|c aa| t||a| t|+t ca|c |a a+|c +|c||tccta|c |s t|c aac |a c|c+tcs saac sta||s,
aat||a c|sc. |a1 | |+c aac.
3
|+a t|+a ||ca l|ac |+ aat sa |+a aaac |+ 1aa |ea |+ aat c+| ce 1c 1|ca
t+ 1|ca a+. la| ||aa 1|ca t+ a| aa t|aa ||ca l|ac, aca +| a|+a |+ aa, c|| a+ ac
1a ||ca l|ac, sc + +a 1c. a ca t|c |+a t|c e| aae| aa+| ||ca l|ac, + aat
1|ca |a |+a, a+a t|+a ||ca l|ac \a ||aa t+a aca 1aec ||ca l|ac, aa |+| a+a aa
a||ca aae| ||+c. + aa t|e t|+a| ae| 1a| t|a+| |a+ aae| ||ca l|ac, + aae| ||aa
||ca l|ac, ta 1a ||ca l|ac ae| 1aec ||a| t|+a|.
|+ a|a |+ aat a|+t |, aat ta ||ca, | aa |+a aa sc ||aa a+a |+|
||a| a||ca |+ 1|ca | 1a taea ta. a sc |+ aat 1aa c|+ a+ a+a, ca a|aa
||a+a aa sc |+ t|+c |ca| e| cea t||a| aa, |ac ca 1ca 1+ t|+a| t|a+t aca c|aca.
a 1+a |aaa t|+ +a, t|+c a+c, + t|a| c|+, aa +a |aaa s+a s+a 1a| t|a+| e| a+a.
a +a 1+a t|c 1|ca
||c||tccta|c |tsc|| |s + a|a1|a a| aa|c ci+ct| |t |s + |ctcit ta 1csc||ac + a|a1
|a. | c+aaat +c| |t a ast aa| t||aa| +|c||tccta|c. || saacaac ast aa| sccs |t t||aa|
a|at a| |c a| +|c||tccta|c, t|c ||| |+c t|aaa|c. |t c+a 1|+|aac |t| aaa+|c||tccta|+|
ca|c, |t |s c|c+| t|+t +|c||tccts t|casc|cs c+aaat c|c+tc ||c||tccta|c. ||c||tccta|c |+s ta
|ac|a1c a+a at|c| +a1 |t accaacs t|c |+cc a| 1|+|aac actcca +|c||tccta|+| ca|c +a1
aaa+|c||tccta|+| ca|c. l|ca ||c||tccta|c caacs ta ac|a.
l|csc +c|s scca ta ac + 1|+|, + 1acaacat. | |ac t|+t t|c ||| aat c+||
cic||caccs a| +at||a s|a||+|. l|c ||| ac + ||a t||aa| |c+1c|s, saact|ac accaac
+tc||+||s |t| |c+t +ac|s, saact|ac ac |c+s+at, ||ssaac, ||acat|. l|c +|c |cc|a
+s||a, acst|aa|a, aa1c||a +a1 ||a|a. l|c +|c +|+s |c+1 |a| 1|+|aac. l|c +|c
a|a aa
||+a |aa |aa , a+ It t|+a ! a+a 11 ||+a |aa |aa, H+ It
t|
, 11
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5
KE N TRU C
777
||| a+a c|aa t+ a|+a t|+ 1aec taea a+a caa aae| + +t c|+t t||
c|aa t+ ae| a|+a t|+ 1aec ||ca t|ac, t|+ sa |+a t|c |a+ caa aae| + +t c|+t,
aae|+t, |ac 1a c|aa t+ ae| ca t|c a|+a t|+ 1aec ||ca t|ac |+ |. ||ca t|ac ca
|+| |+ aat 1+ aa ||aa! ca c|aa t+ |+a| 1aa ||ca t|ac a|a aat 1+ aa, t||
c|aa t+ 1+a |+a| 1aa a|a aat c+| a+, a+ |ac 1a c|aa t+ ||aa caa |+a| 1aa
s+a t+a, |ac 1a t+ ca a|+a t|+ ||ca t|ac |+ | ||aa!
Kie n tru c - ha ng ho a
taa aae| 1+a a| a+a t|aa ae| +t c|+t, a| +t c|+t c|| |a| a+a ac.
t|aa t+ 1+ ca a|aa +t c|+t + t+a |+ a||ca +t c|+t ae|, aa 1+a a|a 1+a a+a
sa +a ta+a c|a caa aae|! a ca 1+a a+a e aac 1a +t c|+t, a|aa c|aa t+ 1+a
1aa |a+ a+a t|+a a|a| e| +t c|+t, |ac 1a c|aa t+ 1+a |+ +t c|+t. t|aa t+ 1+a
1+a c||a t|aa |aea t|a e| sa 1+a a+a ca+ aa. a 1+a a+a c|a c|aa t+ a||ca
t|a, 1+a a+a ||aa c|| e aca aa+| a+ caa e aca t|aa. a caa c+ c|a a+a a|ca
a|, a| a+t ca |ac a+a.
||a| ||a| ||ca t|ac |aaa ca t+a sa ae| ac, aa |+| ||+c 1|, ca ||+c 1| aat
t| a|aa c+| t|aec 1a 1c ||+a 1|a|, aa |+| t|+t ae| |+, c+| ||a| 1+a a+ |+| ||+c
aat t| t|aa c+| |a| ca,t|aa t+ 1+a a+a aaca t|aa |+a| 1aa a+.
|a+c c|aa t+ 1+a ca aat ce se aa c|+c |+ |aa |aa aat +| 1a, |+t
ta |ea + 1aec caa a|+a. t|aa t+ 1+a 1+a c||a t|aa |a| s+a ia+t 1a, |+a |a+a,
taa |a |+a a|+a, ||ca t|aea |+a a|+a. a 1aec s|a| |+, 1aec t|a a||ca |+a |a+t
|aa a|a c+| c+c| a|+ a+ s+a ia+t.
Kie n tru c quye n lu c
ta a+ +| 1ac 1aec aaa aa ca+ ||ca t|ac! |a c|| + 1aa +| c+c|, c+c|
a+ |+ c+c| aa, |aea |+t ta aa| t|aea, + caa |+| |a| 1+ aa, ta| aaaa c+| a+, ta|
t||c| c+| ||+ + 1aec 1+ aa, ta| t||c| |aea t|a + 1aec 1+ aa. t|aa t+ c|| a|+a
aa a+ aat sa t|aa |+a a+a 1a, a|a |+ ca t|act a|a| +a aa, 1aec sa 1aa caa
a|+a, 1aec a+ t+a 1aea. |a a+t ca +|, ||aa 1ac 1aec |+ 1ac 1aec c ||ca t|ac,
caa 1ca c||a sa t+c 1aa ca+ aa, a|a t+c 1aa ca+ +t c|+t a+ c+a t|a.
a |aaa 1+ aa a+a, |ac a a+a aa| t|a, a|aa aa |aaa 1|ca |||ca a+a,
||ca t|ac e| +a |a+ t|ca t|a.
\ac a+a| t|+t sa ca+ ||aa |+a, t|ca ta|, |+ sa c||+ c+t. t+a |aa ta| ca
|+ ca+ a|+ ta t|c ||ca |+t |a aca |ac a+. ||aa |+a |+ a|ca ||ca sac a+a| ca+
||ca t|ac. |aa aa a| |e| 1aa, t|aa |aea 1|ca aca |ac.
||| c|aa t+ t|+ 1aec c+c t+c 1aa, c|aa t+ a|+a |+ 1aec aca |ac ca+
||aa |+a |ca caa aae|, |ac 1a c|aa t+ ae| t|+ 1aec ||ca t|ac |+ |, + ||| a| |e|
1aa t|| t|+t t+| |+|, aca |ac 1a t+c 1aa 1ca taa 1a t||, 1ca aa| c+a a|+. |+a ca
1+a |+a| 1aa ||ca t|ac a|a + ||aa! |+a ca 1+a t|+c a+c a|a| 1+a |+a a|a
t|c a+a ||aa! |+ ||aa t|+c a+c |a+c aa 1+ a|a| t|aea, a|a| t|aea 1ca 1a |e
1e t|aa aaa s|a|, t|aa 1+a| aa, t|aa aca |ac!
W|ca c aat|cc t|c |c|+t|aa actcca |aa+a +a1 a+tc||+|, c ||| |c+||ic t|c
+|c||tccta|c. W|ca c |ccaa|ic t|c |atc|+ct|aa actcca |aa+a +a1 a+tc||+|, |aa+a
a+tc||+|, c ||| ac +a|c ta 1c||ac |+t +|c||tccta|c |s. |s +|c||tccta|c + s+t|s|+ct|aa! ||
c a+|c |t + s+t|s|+ct|aa, c +|c +ct|a |||c + a+c||ac, +a1 t|ca c +|c aat c|c+t|c
+t +||. \a, s|+|| c |c+||ic |+t +|c||tccta|c |s!
Architecture Goods
|aa+a |+c acca cac|c1, 1aa|a+tc1 |c+|| a a+tc||+|. Wc 1|1 |+c
a+tc||+| +a1 +|c c|c+t|a ac aac, |t sccas t|+t a+tc||+| |s casa||a |aa+as |||c! |s |t
+ssa|c1 |a| ac|a +t a+tc||+| st+tc, acc+asc ca|c +|c +ss|a||+t|a t|casc|cs +a1 a+tc
||+|, t|ca c +|c +|sa a+tc||+|. Wc +|c 1cc| caa|a t|c a+tc||+| |t| |ts +ssa|+acc,
|t sccas ta s+t|s| |a| cc|t||a, aat aa| ||aa aats|1c aat +|sa ||aa |as|1c acc1s, +a1
|t a||c|s a, |c+sa|c +t +a t|ac.
l|c +|c||tccta|+| caa|c |s +|+s t||a ta c|c+tc ac t||as, |t aast ac
1|||c|cat, ac|a 1|||c|cat 1|st|aa|s|cs at|c|s |c|aas| caa|||ac1. |a1 |t aast ac +|sa
ac, t|c s|+c s|aa|1 ac c|+ac1 aat st||| |a t|c a|1 st|c... c +|c caatcatc1 |t|
t||s +ct|aa.
| c |+c + sa||1 |aaa1+t|aa ||c| |s s+ac ta saacaac, c| |ac +a1 |s
|ccaa|ic1. Wc +|c |aac|sc1 |a sac| + + a| |a1ac|a, sa a|a|, saa|t|a c+c|
at|c| +a1 |+|s|a c+c| at|c|. |t +s aa|a, +s ci+a|ac1 |||c + sc||cs a| cic||acats
s|a||+| ta t|c + a| a+aa|+cta||a.
Architecture The power
l|c|c +|c |c ca|c |a c+a |c+1 t|c |+aa+c a| +|c||tccta|c! l|c +|
aa| |c act|a1s, a t||s a| t|+t +, t|c sc|cct ||aa t|c aats|1c, +a1 t|ca +11 t|ca
tact|c| ta acct t|c |ca||cacats. W|+tcc| | +at, | ||| ac s+t|s||c1 |aac1|+tc|, a| |
|||c ta caa +a1 cs, | +a |a|||||c1. Wc aa| ct |t t||aa| +a +cat, +s || t|c|c +s +
c|+||||c+t|aa, +|cc1 +a1 |+|sc1 a t|c a+a||t. W|acc| c+a |c+1 a| c+aaat |c+1 t|c
|+aa+c a| +|c||tccta|c, +|c +|sa t|c saaccts a| t|c |a+ct, +s t|c |a+ct a| a+tc||+|
t||aa| t|c scasa| sstca.
|t +|+s s+t|s||cs aa, sc|cs aa |t| +at||a, aat |t +|+s caat|a|s aa,
t|c +|c||tccta|c |t| ca|ta|+| caasaat|aa.
l|c |c+| st|cat| a| s+cc, +cca|1|a ta ac, |s + 1||s|aa. |+|| |aaas |a t|c
||saa c|c+|| s|a as t||s ac|. \+cc |c|cscats t|c ac| a| +|c||tccta|c. |at |t |s
ci|a|tc1, |a t|c + a| ac|.
W|ca c scc +|| t|c |a+cts, c |ccaa|ic t|c ac| a| s+cc ta ca|c, +a1
t|ca c ||| aa1c|st+a1 |+t t|c +|c||tccta|c |s. |at |t |s sa 1|s+st|aas ta ac +aasc1,
t|c ac| +||ccts ||aa c|t ta c|t, ta |aascs, +|sa. ||c aa t|c+t|a +|c||tccta|c |||c
t|+t +! |+c aa aa1c|c1 |a aa +|c 1c+||a |t| |t! | t|c|c |s aa aa1c|
acc+asc |t |s ast aa|a+|, aa|a+| ta ac 1a|| |a| t|c |c+saas a| c+|a|a aa| |||c, |a|
|a|, a| |a| ac|!
9
la| t|+c a+c c aa. )aca |ac 1a ca a|ca 1a| caa aae| ||aa! a ca 1+a
a|ca 1a| c|aa t+! |+a ca t|+c a+c ||aa!
Kie n tru c Hinh da ng
||a| 1+a |aaa c|| t|c ||ca a+ aat t|e| || caa e| c|+t ||ca ca+ aa, ||a|
1+a |aaa 1| 1a| e| |ct t|ac, c|aa t+ |aaa a|ca |+|, |aaa ca |aa |a a|aa aa t|+t
sa 1+ |ct t|ac t+| c|ct, 1|ca 1a 1| 1a| e| ||a| 1+a. |+a ca t|c |+t ca t||c| aa,
aa t|+t |+ | taea, a|aa aca c+a| 1a c+| c|ct |aaa ||ca ||a|, ta| c+a a|+a 1aec 1|ca
1a. ||a| 1+a |aaa 1aec i+ 1aa t|ca a|aa |+a aaac ca+ aa, t|ca +a |a+, t|ca
1|ca ||ca, t|ca ce se | |a+a 1+ ||a| t|+a|, a|a aat ia |aea, aat |aa t|+a,
t+t c+ a|aa 1|ca a+ +a |aaa |+t ||aaa ||a + |e| |+a.
||ca t|ac a|ca 1a| |+ aat +a |+c, 1a |+ aat 1+ aa, aa a|ca 1a| 1c c|aca
t|+a| aat ||a| 1+a ||+c, aat a|ca taea ||+c. ||ca t+| c|aa t+ 1+a ca t+a aca
aat ||a| 1+a + |a| c||a| c|aa t+ |+| c|a+a a| c|a aa ca t|c a|ca 1a| t|+a| aat
||a| 1+a ||+c 1| aat t|, e| aat | aa aa ae| |ea, c+| ae| a+ sc 1ca 1ca caac
saa a+a ae| |ea!
l+| s+a a+a |aaa aaaa t|aa c+a a|+ a+a 1+ |+ a|aa a|ca taea, ta|
aaaa aa| a|aa t|+a t||! )a+ a+a t|+a, a+a |aaa 1a| 1|ca a|aa c+| 1a, + |a| c||a|
a+a sc |+| 1a| 1|ca e| a|aa ca c+a t|+ 1a| c|aa, i+ 1aa ae| c+c a|ca taea.
ta |+| a+a aaaa c|ca aa| t|a +a t|aa 1a caa a|a aca t|aa a+a! l+| s+a! l|a|
aca |+ |+ aa| se |+| |+| 1a| 1|ca e| ae| ||aa ca |, sa t|aa |aa! ||| a+a t|+
sac a+a| ca+ aa c|| |a| a+a t|| a+a sc a|ct 1aec a|a| c+a |! ||ca t|ac ta| |+a,
aa ca c|a 1|c| ca+ aa, a|aa aa caa c|| ca aa 1|, ca |+a t||ca. Hat ||ca t|ac ||+c
||a, 1c aca 1c ca 1+a t+a, |ca |aca caa aae|.
Kie n Tru c
||ca l|ac |a 1aec | c|a caa aae|!
||ca l|ac |+| |aea 1ca |+ t|| |a| caa!
|a| caa ca |+| t|ac ||ca 1aec ta a|aa +t ||ca |a| caa ||aa! + ||ca
c|+a ca a|aa +t ||ca |a| caa! ||ca l|ac |+| |a |e e| t|a| t|+a caa aae| ||ca
t+|. Ha| t|aea 1+a taa t+| ca a+ a||ca t|a aa +t, caa aae| t+a |+ a+ a||ca t|a
aa +t. Hat +t t|c 1aec s|a| |+ |aa aat |+a| 1aa, aa |+| 1aec s|a| |+ |aea
1ca c+| |a| caa, ||aa t|c c|+ a|+ t|+a t|+| t+a t|e|.
|a| caa ||aa |+| |+ +t ||ca |a| caa, a+ |+ ae| |a caa aae| a|+a
t|+ + |aea 1ca c+| |a| caa ca+ caac saa.
Co ng na ng
taa a+a |+ |e |. t+| | caa ca caa a+a ca+ aa. |a |+a |c aca c|aa
t+ sa 1aa caa a+a aat c+c| t|a+a ta, |+a |c c +a ||ca, |+a |c c t|a| ca,
| |c+|| caacc|a +aaat |t. W||| t|+t ac| c|+ac ca|c! |s |t |+1a+||
c|+a|a as +|sa! ||c aa caacc|a|a taa!
Architecture Shape
\|+c aa| |+sts |a| sac| + c||a1 |t| |ts a+tc||+|, s|+c +|+s acs |t|
t|c ca1, c +|+s 1c|ca1, +|+s t| ta s+c aat |t |c+|| |+s ta sta. 1c+t|, t|+t |s
tact|c| |t| s|+c. |aa a+ |ac |t +a1 |t |s t|a| +a |1c+|, ct acs|1cs, 1c+t| +|+s
ci|sts, | c+a |cc| |t. \|+cs +|c aa||t a+s|a aa t|c|| a|a1|a, ca|ta|c, caa1|t|aa, aa t|c
t|ca| ||c| +s |c|aas| |a|ac1... +s + t|ca1, + aacacat ... +|| a| t|csc +|c +|+s
|ca|+tc1 +a1 ||a|tc1.
||c||tccta|c |s c|+a|a ||c| sccas ta ac +a |||as|aa, |t a+ ac + s+t|s|+c
t|aa, +a1 |t c|+acs ta |a|a + 1|||c|cat s|+c, + 1|||c|cat |caa. ta||cat|, c +|c t||a
ta c|c+tc + s|+c +a1 |ts +|sa c |a +|c |c+||a ta t|+as|c| |t, |t| + |ac |a| |t
ta ac ac |a a|1c| ta a||c| + acttc| |||c!
W| 1a aa +|+s +at aa| |aasc |a|| a| |caas! | ac+a t|c 1cca|+t|a
aaccts. l||aa| t|c c+|s, aa +|+s |+cc |t| t|asc, +a1 +|tc| aa +at ta c|+ac
t|ca +s c|| +s aa||1 ac |caas. |s |t t|ac t|+t aa +|+s |||c ta c|ac| cc|t||a
|a aa| |aasc ast |||c aa +at ta 1a sa |as|1c a| aa! W|! |s t|+t +|| +aaat t|c
|+a|t a| t|c |c+| ta |+cc |t| |+|a aat||a, t|c cat|acss! W|ca aa scc t|c ac|
|tsc|| 1aa|a+tcs aa, aa|| |aa |+t aa acc1! l|c +|c||tccta|c, |t| sac| a|asc,
|t |s aa| t||a ta |caac, t||a ta a|a|a|ic. | |+|1 +|c||tccta|c |cst|+|as ta |a|a,
ta t|+|a ca|c.
Architecture
|a c+a +|c||tccta|c |c| ca|c!
||c||tccta|c |+s ta ac +a ctc|a+| +|ac!
|s |tc|a+||t a+1c ||aa ctc|a+| a+tc||+|s! |at |s t|c|c +a ctc|a+| a+tc||+|!
||c||tccta|c aast a+tc| t|c |c+| s|ta+t|aa a| ca|c. l|c ci|st|a ca||aaacat |+s sa a+a
t||||cs ||c| |aa+a |+c c|c+tc1. | |s|c+| aacct +s aa|a sac| |||c +a +ct|aa, |t aast
ac aa|a ta t|c ctc|a+||t, +a1 c s|aa|1 aat +ccct + tcaa|+| st+tc.
|tc|a+||t |s aat ctc|a+| a+tc||+|, |t |s + |c| ta ca|c |a| t|ca ta |c+||ic
+a1 ta |c+1 ta t|c ctc|a+||t a| |||c.
Function
10
|+a |c c t|+c| a||ca. ||| t|a+a ta t|| 1a |+ aat sa t+a |+, ca aat t|e| | t|c
|e| ||+a 1|a| sa a+a| ac ca+ caa a+a, c|a a||+ caa a+a, + 1ca a+ |e 1+
sa +a |+ t|a+a ta c caa a+a. t|aa t+ 1+a aa| |+a ||ca t|ac, |+ |+a a|c
t|a+t ||ca t|ac, a+a ca t|c a+a a|ca c a|c t|a+t e 1+ aat c+c| c+ a|+a a+a,
a|aa t|ac tc caa |cc |+ aat sa t|+a c|aat c|a 1c c c+| caa a+a 1a, c|aa t+
a+ a+t | c|aa t+ c|| a|a c+a a|a t|c. + aaaa c+a |+c t||ca ||ca c|a caa
|cc c|aa t+ 1+a |c +a 1a ta a|c t|a+t, + a|c t|a+t ca |+| |+ ca t|+a
c|aat c|a 1c c+| | 1a, 1aec s+a s|a| ta t|a+a ta caa a+a ||aa! |+ ||a| 1a+a|,
|a 1+a t|a+a ta ||a| 1a+a|, aa aca |c a|aa t|a ||+c, 1c 1+t 1aec 1a+a| t|a, |a
a| 1a |+ a|c t|a+t ||a| 1a+a|, ||ca t|ac sa s+ ic c+c |aa ac t|a+a t|ca, |+a
t|aa tat, ||ca a+ 1|ca t|c| c+a, aaec t|c t|ca |+ |+a 1c a|aa t|a 1a ta aca aa+|
1ca aca t|aa, + |a| |a a| 1a |+ a|c t|a+t ||ca t|ac!! ||+ t|c |e| aae| t+ 1+a
|+ sac s+a t+a a||ca ||a| t|ac ||+c a|+a, a+a| ac + 1a 1a|. + a+a aa| |+ |+|
||+c aae| + aca c+a| 1a |a |+ |a a|aa t|a ||+c, a|aa caa c|| t|aa |+a
| |a 1+a |+a 1c c|a caa a+a.
t|aa t+ 1aec |+a, 1aec 1+a t+a ta |c t|aa, 1aec t|+a a| | t|a+t, c|aa
t+ 1+a caa ca c|a |c t|aa 1a + ta 1a |+a |+ c+c t|a ||+c. taa a+a |aaa a|
c||a| |a| saa a| 1|a|, a| ||ca t|ac a| 1|a|, + |a| ||| 1|ca 1a t|e t|+a| aat 1|ca
||ca, aat t+t a||ca, c|a c||a| c|aa t+, aat t+c 1aa aaec |+|. |+a |a| c|aa t+ c+a
a|+a 1|ca 1a aat c+c| a|a| t|aea, |+t a|a| t|aea. |+a 1ca ||ca t|ac |ac a c|a
|c t|aa 1a, aat t+t a||ca.
\a aca| |ea |+a ca+ ||ca t|ac ||aa |+| |+ |ac a c|a |c t|aa 1a.
Nghe thua t
|c t|a+t |+ c+| 1aec s|a| |+. a ||aa 1aec s|a| |+ ta |c t|aa ||ca t|ac
+ ta caa a+a. t+| 1aec s|a| |+ ||| t+ ca c|a 1ca ta+a aa.
|c t|a+t |+ |! |c t|a+t |+ aat sa a+ ae, aat a+ ae ta +a ||ca c
aa| t|aea. Ha| t|aea |+ |! Ha| t|aea t+t a||ca ||aa c|| ca aa| t|aea t||ca
a||ca a+ caa |+ aa| t|aea |a+ caa aae| + t+t c+ iaa a+a|. \a aca| ca+ caa
aae| |+ |c |+a| 1aa c|a a|c t|a+t, + a|c t|a+t t|| ||aa i+ 1aa a|ca taea.
l|c |aact|aa |s |c+saa+a|c. |c|t||a |+s |ts aa |aact|aa. |cc+asc a| t|c ||a|t
t|+t c ast asc t|c |aact|aa a+s|c+||. t|c ||a|t a| |aa|c1c, t|c ||a|t a| |ac, t|c ||a|t
a| ||+a|||t. |a|c|, |t |s 1c+st+t|aa, t|c|c +s t|ac |ca ca|c |a t|c a||1 +ssc|tc1
t|c ac| a| |aact|aa, |aact|aa+||sa, +a1 aa aast +|c ast +aaat |aact|aa. Wc +|c
s+|a || |t |s a|||a |t| +|c||tccta|c a| a|||a |t| +|t a| +|c||tccta|c. |aa a||t
1c||ac t|c caacct a| +|t |a + c|saa+| +ccaaat, aat t|c +cta+| a|| |s + |c||acacat ta
t|+t |aact|aa, c +|c s+t|s||c1 acc+asc a| aa| 1ca+a1. W|t| t|c acc1 ta |+c t|c |cc||a
a| |a| |a| t|c a|| c caas|1c| +s +a +|t, |s +|t t||a ta a||s| saact||a |a| |t
ta accaac ac+at||a|, ||c| |s +aaat t|c |aact|aa! l|c a+a s|a| |aas ||s aas|acss, a
|aa||a at|c| t||as, |c aa|1 1a cc|t||a ta c+|a ||s s+|cs, +a1 t|c c+|| |t t|c +|t a|
1a|a aas|acss. l|c +|c||tcct a|+a|ics +|| t|c |aaas caaca|cat| |t| saaat| +t|, |||
c||cct|c +|c+, t|c acit stc |s ta 1cca|+tc t||as ||aa t|c aats|1c ta t|c |as|1c, +a1 t|ca
t|c c+|| |t t|c +|t a| +|c||tccta|c ||| ca|c |a t|c a||1 +|c t||a ta c|c+tc |a 1|||c|cat
|a|as, ac||a|| +a1 |a|a|1+a|. |a1 |t |s |aa|t+at ta ac 1|st|aa|s|+a|c +s c|| +s t|c
1cst|a at|c| t||as, aat aa| |t||a t|c tc|a a||s||a t|c |aact|aa.
Wc c|c a+1c, c|c t|+|ac1 ||aa t|c sstca, c|c ca|c1 |t| tcc|aa|a,
+a1 aa c +|c st|cat|ca|a t|+t sstca ta |a1acc at|c|s. l|c |aact|aa |s +|+s |ca
|+tc1 a t|c |||cst|c, t|c |aa|c1c +a1 t|ca |ca |t accaacs + caa1|t|aa, +a c|1cacc, |a|
as, t|c|c ||| ac +a aas|tc c||cct. C|+1a+||, c|| |cc| |t aa|a+|, c| aa|a+|. tc|t+|a|,
|a caascacacc, t|c +|c||tccta|c sc|cs t|c sstca.
l|c a+|a a|ss|aa a| +|c||tccta|c |s aat |a| sc||a t|+t sstca.
Arts
||t |s |+t +s aa|a. |t +s aat aa|a ||aa + |aa|c1c sstca a| |aact|aa
sstca, |t +s aa|a |ca c + +ttcat|aa ta t|c 1aa|a+acc.
W|+t |s +|t! ||t |s + aa1, + aa1 a| |aa|c1c +aaat t|c ca||aaacat. W|+t |s
ca||aaacat! |t +s aat ast aa| +aaat t|c a+ta|+| ca||aaacat aat +|sa t|c ca||aaacat
||c| |ac|a1cs ca|c +a1 sa||aaa1|a t||as. l|c a|ss|aa |a| aca |s ta +ct |a| +|t, +a1
+|t s|aa|1 |c+|| aat aa||1 t|c saaa|.
||t |s aat |a1acc1 ||aa +a +ct a| a+||a aacs |||a, aat +aaat as|a
...|a| caa ||aa |+| |+ +t ||ca |a| caa, a+ |+ ae|
|a caa aae| a|+a t|+ + |aea 1ca c+| |a| caa ca+ caac
saa...
12
|c t|a+t ||aa s+a s|a| ta a|aa |+a| 1aa aaa s|a|, 1aa ||ca t|ac
a|a aat |+a| 1aa aaa s|a|, t|| ||aa |+a aca a|c t|a+t, ca a|aa aac 1|c| t||
aa ||aa t+a |+ a|c t|a+t.
Kie n tru c - do da m da c cu a va t cha t
|a 1+a 1+c ca+ c+| aca a+a a+a ||aa t|c t||ca, aat a+t aca c+a
1+a 1+c c+a |+a c|+c t|| c+a t+a aca sa aa 1|a|, c+a t|a+ |aa t|| c+a t+a aca
sa a+ aaa + c|aa c|ca|. ||| aa c+a 1+a 1+c aa c+a 1c a| a|ca a+t, + c+a
aa 1|a| a|aa caa a+a |+ sa c||+ c+t. |aa c+a 1|ca a|ca |a+ a|+, c+a |+a
t|c, t|| sa 1+a 1+c c+a |+a 1|, + +a a+a 1, 1a |+ ||aa |||, |+ sa |+a t|c
t|ac t|c, ||aa 1|ca ||ca, ||aa a+ s+t, ||ca t|ac |+ aat c+a t|ac +t c|+t c+a
a|ca a+t c+a tat.
||ca t|ac |+ aat c+a t|ac +t c|+t e| a||ca 1a 1+a 1+c ||+c a|+a. l+a 1|ca
||ca c|a caa aae| t|c c+a t|ac t|c +a t||ca a||ca a+ |+a t||ca a+ s+t.
Kie n tru c Ca n ba ng
l+| s+a caa aae| ca a|a c+a c+a a+a!
a t|a a+ 1aec c+a t|ac ta +t c|+t, e| 1a 1+a 1+c + c+a t|ac ||+c a|+a,
ta a|aa |+a ta a|a a|+t, t+a aca a|aa c+a t|ac +t c|+t ||+c a|+a. l+t c+ 1ca
ca sa ||ca a+a + taea t+c |+a a|+a. l|+| 1+t a+ caa aae| 1+a saa |+ aat |+a
ca+ aa, t|+| 1+t 1+a e t|+a t|+| c+a a+a ca+ aa, caa aae| + +a +t 1aec s|a| |+
ta aa, ta sa c+a a+a ca+ l|+| |+t. Hat t|+a t|+| a+a a+a, + sa taea a+a ca+
caa aae| + +a +t t|| ||aa t|c |a 1|a|. H+t |+a a+a a+a |+ a|aa +t t|c
t|+a 1aa |aea t+a c|a t|+ sac |at ca+ t|+| 1+t |+ t|+a t|+| c+a a+a. ||a| |ac
ce a+a |aaa c|a c|aa t+ c+a |+c c+a a+a.
Kie n tru c - su da p u ng
||ca t|ac ca |+| |+ aat sa 1+ aa! |+ aa c|a a|aa aca |ac, a|aa
t|+a aa, a|aa aec aaaa, a|aa a| 1|a|, c+| ta|, |+ |aa c+| | 1a, |aa +| 1a!
|+ aa c|a +a |a+, t+ a+a, t|aca t|aa, ca a|a ||ca t|ac |+ aat 1+ aa
+|c||tccta|c ta c+|a + |||c, |t ac+as aat||a +a1 aat |c|+tc1 ta +|t. |a|asc 1acs aat
c|c+tc +|t.
Architecture and the concentration of
the material
l|c caaccat|+t|aa |cc| a| t|c |a||iaat+| |+t|a|a c+a aat ac |a|attca, t|c
aa|c caaccat|+t|c +a1 caa1casc1 t|c |+t|a|a |s, t|c aa|c st+a|c t|c caast|act|aa
|s. l|c cat|acss +|+s a+|cs |t tattc||a. W|ca |t |s caaccat|+t|c, |t |s aa|c |||c|
ta 1|s+c+|, +a1 t|c st+a|cacss +|sa a||as + 1||s|aa. |at t|c aa|c |t |ccs |a +cc,
t|c aa|c t|c caaccat|+t|aa |s a|a|a|ic1, ac+|| ca+| ta ic|a, t|+t |s +||, + 1||cct
ctt|a caat+ct, |t|aat caa1|t|aa +a1 |||ct|aa, +|c||tccta|c |s + a+tc||+| st|acta|c
||c| |s acttc| ta 1|s+c+|.
||c||tccta|c |s + a+tc||+| st|acta|c |t| 1|||c|cat |cc|s a| caaccat|+t|aa,
ca+a||a ta |c| ca|c ta +cccss 1||cct| ta t|c a+ta|c |t| + |c1act|aa a| |||ct|aa.
Architecture The balance
W| 1a ca|c +at ta a+|+acc!
\+cc |s + st|acta|c a| sac| a+tc||+| t||as, |t| 1|||c|cat |cc|s a| caaccat|+
t|aa +a1 |a|as, ||aa t|c sa+||cst +|ts ta c|c+tc +||+a|c st|acta|cs a| 1|||c|cat a+tc||
+|s. ||| |+c |c|c+acc +a1 |atc|+ct|aa |t| c+c| at|c|. l|c c+|t| |c|c c ||c |s +|t
a| |t, +a1 t|c c+|t| |s |cc|a |ts a+|+acc, a+a +a1 at|c| |||a t||as c|c aa|a ||aa
|t, ||aa t|c a+|+acc a| l|c |+|t|. | |a||iaat+| st+tc +a1 + |c|+t|aa actcca |aa+a +a1
|||a t||as +|c aat 1ca|c1. l|c ||+t |a||iaat+| |+ac caat+|as c|t|c+| aaccts 1||cct|a
ta t|c ccatc| ||c| s|as t|c c+|t|s +tt|+ct|c |a|cc |s + a+|+acc1 st+tc. |+s|c caact|
|cs as + scasc a| a+|+acc.
Architecture and the satisfaction
...|tc|a+||t |s aat ctc|a+| a+tc||+|, |t |s + |c| ta ca|c
|a| t|ca ta |c+||ic +a1 ta |c+1 ta t|c ctc|a+||t a| |||c...
13
t|| t|aa ||a ac a| aa c|| |a|, caa aae| sc |+ a|aa caa aae| 1+ 1+a ||a, 1+
||+c ||a+|, + |a+a a+a. ||ca t|ac ca |+| |+ t|c ||ca c+| ta| ||aa, c+ t|a| ca+
ta|! |a + |+ aat + 1+t, 1+ aa c+| ta|. Hat c+c| t|aa t|aea, a+a 1+a |a |aaa
i+ 1aa a|aa | t|act c|a c+ t|a| ca+ a|a|, aaec |c t|c |a aa |+ c+ 1e| c|a |cc
t|ac ||ca c+c | t|act 1a, a|aa | t|act c|ct caa, + |a| |a aa| a|aa | t|act,
|a aa| 1+ |+ c+| ca+ ta|, ta| |+t a|a| |+ aa, |a |+a sa s+a| t|| a+ t|ac aa ||aa
|aa +|, aa| aae| aa |a + taa |a aa. a |+ |! a |+ a|aa taea, ||ca t|ac
1aec i+ 1aa t|ca a|aa taea! | taea |+ |! a sc |+ |cc ta +a i+ 1aa, c|a
||aa |+| |+ t||ct |c ||ca t|ac.
ta aat ||ca t|ac ||aa |+| |+ a|aa 1+ aa!
/aa a+a| ||ca t|ac sa |+ a|aa t|c |ac ||aa |a, t|c |ac aca aa+|, t|c
|ac aca t|aa, aca ||ca t|ac c|| |+ 1+ aa t|| aa c|| |+ ta +a i+ 1aa.
||ca t|ac t|+t sa ||aa taa t+| a|aa c+| 1a, ||aa |+| |+ c+| ta| aaaa,
||aa |+| |+ c+ t|a| ca+ ta|, t|aca t|aa i+ |a| ta|, +t ||ca i+ 1aa ca+ ta|
Hat c+| 1c c|aa a|+t ||aa |+| ca+ ||ca +|
||c||tccta|c |s + s+t|s|+ct|aa! \+t|s||a t|c ac|s, t|c +aa|t|aas, t|c 1cs||cs,
t|c |ca|+t|aas, t|c |a1||1a+||st, a| saact||a s|a||+|! \+t|s||a t|c ca|ta|cs, t|c
castaas a| t|+1|t|aas... || +|c||tccta|c |s + s+t|s|+ct|aa, ca|c ||| ac |a sa||c| +a1 |a||
a| ac|a +ai|aas +a1 caa|asc1. |s +|c||tccta|c s|a|a aacsc||, aacs c|saa+||t! l|ca
|t |s sac| + |ca|+t|aa t|+t accts t|c |a1||1a+||st. |ca|+||, ca|c +|+s aa||1 sac|
t|ca||cs |a| t|c|| c|saa+||t, t|c acit stc |s ta |a|cacat t|c t|ca| t|+t |+|1 1c+1
t|ca| +a1 t|ca t|c s+ t|c t|ca||cs +|c t|c||s, t|c |acatc1 |t, c|c+|| |t |s aat
|||c at|c|s aat ca|c saa|t +a1 |+|sc |t. W|+t |s |t! |t |s t|c |1c+, +|c||tccta|c |s
aa||t aa t|c |1c+! l|ca |+t |s |1c+! |t s|aa|1 ac t|c caast|act|aa caasa|t+at, |+t|c|
t|+a +|c||tccta|+| 1cs|a.
l|c|c |s +a +|c||tccta|c t|+t |s aat + s+t|s|+ct|aa!
||aaa1 t|c +|c||tccts +|c |ac ac|s, citc|a+| |a|ccs, |atc|a+| |a|ccs, || t|c
+|c||tccta|c |s ast + s+t|s|+ct|aa, |t |s aa| + caast|act|aa caasa|t+at.
||c||tccta|c 1acs aat |c+|| ci|st t|+t +, aat |+t | +at, aat a c|saa+|
|t, a sac|+| t|+1|t|aa, a caast|act|aa a+tc||+|s...
l|c caaaaa ac+at 1acs aat ac|aa ta aacsc||...
...||ca t|ac |+ aat c+a t|ac +t c|+t e| a||ca 1a 1+a
1+c ||+c a|+a. l+a 1|ca ||ca c|a caa aae| t|c c+a t|ac t|c
+a t||ca a||ca a+ |+a t||ca a+ s+t...
14
...||c||tccta|c |s + a+tc||+| st|acta|c |t| 1|||c|cat |cc|s
a| caaccat|+t|aa, ca+a||a ta |c| ca|c ta +cccss 1||cct| ta t|c
a+ta|c |t| + |c1act|aa a| |||ct|aa...
15
16
17
KHA CH SA N
PHUDNG D NG
NHA TRANG
oriental
nha trang
resort hotel
Din tch khu t
S.856 m
2
Tng din tch xy dng
60.000 m
2
Ch u t
Co ng ty CP du l]ch o ng Ha i
a im
Nha Trang
Site area
3.856 m
2
Gross Floor area
60.000 m
2
Client/Owner
Dong hai Co.
Location
nha trang
l||et ke nay giong nh mot qua trnh th
nghiem, mot th nghiem cho Chu au t va
th nghiem cho ngi thiet ke. thiet ke bat au
khoang vao nam 2000, luc o toi ang lam viec
mang tnh ca nhan va cha co van phong rieng,
toi ch mi hanh nghe ma lai co mot t tin rat
doi cho mot thiet ke ban au tren quy nh chieu
cao 14 tang. ong nguyen Van tam ai dien cho
Chu au t cung tin tng d doi khong kem.
toi chang biet s hai la g cung khong nhan
thc het c trach nhiem cua ngi thiet ke khi
cong trnh cua mnh no ton tai ra sao.
ando la ngi am anh toi nhat lac a+, aat +a|
|aea! l|+t |+, ta| c|a+ a|+a t|ac |ct 1aec c+| a|a| 1+a |+a, aa| t|a caa |+t |e|
|+a. |aa sa ta t|a + c|+a a|ct se |+| |||ca ta| a+ act |+a t||ct |c a+ |+ tat
a|+t, a+ c|a 1+a ta |+| aaaa ta| t|a a||ca t|ca aat aa ||a| ||+c ta| 1+ ||aa
c|+ a|+a. |a act 1|a| ta c|ac aat caac t|| t||ct |c, ta| caa 1aec ae| t|+a |+.
la| 1+ |a aaca |a se + t||ct |c ca ||aa c|at t|+ 1a| + 1+ aa. l||ct |c ca+
ta| 1+ a| |a+|. l||ct |c 1aec c|aa |+ t||ct |c 1aec i+ 1aa t|ca aa ||a| ||+c| s+a
c Wa||1, ||ca l|ac \a a+ t|+t |a| c||ca c|aaa. Haa ae| 1aec a+ |+ + |a
caa 1+ a||ca a+a a+ t|+a saa 1+ ||aa t|a+ a+a. l|aa t|e| |+a 1a ta| 1+
l||s 1cs|a |s + |accss a| + t|aat, +s + tcst |a| t|c |acsta| +a1 |a| t|c
1cs|ac|. W|ca t|c |acct st+|tc1 |a t|c c+| a| 111, | +s a|||a |a1||1a+|| +a1 |+1
aat aac1 +a a|||cc. l|ca, | +s aa| + ||cs|a+a aat |+1 +||c+1 c+|ac1 + st|aa ||||a
+a1 sc||caa||1cacc |a| t|c a|||a+| aa||1|a 1cs|a a| I1 ||aa|s |||. H|. aca +a l+a,
t|c |acsta|s |c|cscat+t|c +|sa |+1 aac| caa||1cacc |a t|c |acct. | 1|1 aat a|| +aaat
+at||a +s c|| +s +s aat |a|| ++|c a| t|c |csaas|a|||t|cs a| t|c 1cs|ac| aa |a t|c
caast|act|aa aa|1 ta|a aat.
la ac t|ca, |a1a +s t|c aast aascss|c c|saa +a |a||acacc! |a |+ct, | caa|1
aat |c+||ic +|| t|c t||as | +s 1a|a, cc|t||a |s sa ||a|tc1, |acc|, a a sc||caa||1cacc
+a1 aat ac|a |c+||a|, | caac|a1c1 t||s 1cs|a +s t|c acst. |a|a|taa+tc|, t|c |acsta| +atc1
ac ta tcst t|c 1cs|a aa + 1|||c|cat aa1c|, aat | 1|1 aat +ccct. ||a+||, t|c 1cc|1c1 ta
a|+a|ic + 1cs|a caact|t|aa, | +s +|sa |a|tc1 ta ac aac a| t|c caact|ta|. | |ct +|| a
|||st |aas+| |t|aat +a c|+ac +a1 +a caa|aa|sc, | ca1c1 a ac|a |ccctc1. l|c c|asca
1cs|a +s t|c aac ac|a aa||t aa t|c aa1c| a| c Wa||1 |atc|, t||s +|c||tcct |s |c+||
aa1 +t |a1a||a. c |tca +s |at|a1acc1 sa t|c scat scc|+| aaat|s ta ci+a|ac, ct
t|c c|c aat s+t|s||c1. |t t|+t t|ac, | +|aast |a|at +aaat t||s |acct.
\a11ca|, | +s a||c|c1 |t| +a aaa|||c|+| |a|t+t|aa ta caat|aac t|c t|aat. l|c
|ca||cacats +a1 caatcats a| t|c |atc|s sc+|c c|c caa|ctc| 1|||c|cat t|+t t|c |c||t +s
|+|sc1 a ta ! ||aa|s +a1 |+1 ta |a|a + |||t+a|c ca|ac| |t| t|c sc+ |a a|1c| aat ta
|ac| t|c |a1 ta t|c c|t. ||aa t|+t a||t, t|c a+|c 1+acc |+1 acaa, | c+||c1 |t t|c
ac+c| 1+acc |a ||c| aaa caa|cs +|c cat| ||1c aa t|c s+a1, + |||a a+ss acca|a
aast a| t|c |+a1, aa ||c| + |+|1 a|ac| |c+1 st|+||t +1+ccat| ta + sa|t aac. |||a+|
19
Cp v cng Fred Astaire v Ginger Roger vi nhng
v iu m hn ca th k 20.
A couple of dancer, Fred Astaire and Ginger Roger,
with fascinating dancing of the Twenty Century.
+a a|a aca 1| 1a +a a+.
|+t c|et, aat |e| ae| ||aa c||a| t|ac 1c t|c tac caac t|a a||ca a+, t|ca
ca c+a + aa| 1aa a aa ||+c| s+a |a+a ta+a ||+c |+a, 1a c+a 1aec 1+ |ca !
t+a + t|ca a |a+c| ||a| a|+ |+| aaa ac e| a|ca 1c ||aa c+a |a aaa ac
+a t|+a| |a. + 1ca |aa 1a a 1|ca 1+ a+t 1+a, ta| a| |+ a 1|ca ae a|ca,
1a| a+a aa |+ |aet t|ca ae c+t, aat ||a| aa c|+c c||ca +a |ct 1+t, t|ca 1a aat
||a| a+a| aa c|+c aea t|+a + aat ||a| aca a+|, aaaa t|+ |c aca. ||+| a|ca
a+a 1+a 1+ 1aec c|+ a|+a + a 1|ca ca+ ta| t|c tac. |ac a+ c|| ca ta| + aa l+a
|+a |cc e| c+c 1ea | ta +a |ct c+a, H|. a l+a |+ aae| |+t 1+a ac | t|a+t
+ aa t+ caa |+t a+a t+a 1ca ||ca t|ac. la| t|| s+ ac t||ct |c caa aa l+a t||
1a| 1+a e| |+t a||ca caac c||ca t|+a|, aa+| caac c||ca 1+a t|+t + a e| ta| |+,
aa t+ caa 1aea 1+a e| aa| aa c|a 1+a ta, |+ aae| |ct +a 1a ||+ a+a t||ct
|c tat ||+c| s+a a+ a+ ||aa c+a 1ca ||ca l|ac \a aaec aa+| )a+a 1|ca ca+
aa t|+t |a |+a | ||ca t+| aae| t+ c|aaa 1a aa+| 1|ca caaa a|a aat aca| 1|c|.
taac c||ca ca+ aa t+ |+t ||a ||+a | aa t+ ||aa |+| |+ aae| ta+a aca t|aa
|a| 1aa ca 1aa ||a+a 1 aae|. . |aa aae| t|aa |a| 1aa ||ca a|ct |t c ||ca
l|ac, |+a a||ca |a a+a t+a 1ca ||a| tc + 1a aa+|, caa t||a| c+a |ea |a c+a
||aa ca a|ca |, 1a a+ t|+t |+ aat 1|ca a+ a+a c|a ta|. |aa a+| c s+a, |||
ta| t|ca |+a| |+a |aa a+a a|a ||a+a 11a

, t|| t+t c+ aa| aae| 1ca t|+a |+


||ca, t+a a||a ca+ |a a|a t|c c|| t|aa 11a

.
+a caa 1+a t|aa t|a a||ca, ta |+a caa t||a| 1+a 1aec i+ 1aa,
caa t||a| 1+ ta ! t+a |ca t+a + |a| a|aa a+| ta+a ||a| tc aat |+a aa+ |+|
1aec 1a+ |+, e| a||ca t|+a aa, a+a c||ca c+a caa t||a| |ca JJ t+a e| J t+a
|+a. Hat sac a+a| t+ t|c 1+ 1+ caa t||a| |ca aat a aa a+ |ea, e aat a+|
caacct +s +ccctc1 +a1 a a+|c 1+acc |+1 caat|aac1. |t t|+t aaacat, aa| H|. l+a
+a1 | a||c1 |t| t|c caast|act|aa caasa|t+ats, H |. H|. l+a |+s + |c+t +ss|aa a| 1c+|
|a |t| tcc|aa|a +a1 |c |s c| |atc|cstc1 |a +|c||tccta|c. | caac1 1cs|a|a |||c H|.
l+a |+1 ta a+a+c t|c +|aacats ++|ast a|ac +s c|| +s |c |+1 ta 1c+| |t| t|c at|c|
|acsta|s, |cta+acsc ca|c +|c c++a|c a| 1cs|a|a +a1 caast|act|a t||s |atc| |t|aat
|c| ||aa |a|c|a ||s a|ats a| |c c|c |c+|| c|c+| |||c +t t|+t t|ac ca|c |c|c|c1
|a|c|a |aa|t c|+i|| sac| |||c + 1|sc+sc. |t +s |c+|| + |+|1 t|ac |a| ||a ta |||t t||| t|c
ca1 acc+asc |c +s aat |a|| +at|a||t+t|c ac| 1 s|+|c|a|1c|s. Hast a| t|c s|+|c|a|1c|s
|ac sa ||tt|c +aaat +|c||tccta|c, +|| t|c c+|c1 |a| c|c t|c ccaaaa|c +scct +a1 |a|c|a
|aa|t. l|c a|c| t|c |acct +s, t|c |css c|cct|aa t|c |+1 aa |t. |t +s sac| a |ac|.
|acc|, |ca | caa1actc1 + sa+|| s+a|c |aaa a| 11a

, t|ca +|| +|t|c|+ats a+1c t|c||


caaacats. l|c|| |s|aa sccac1 ta ac ||a|tc1 |a aa| 11a

.
20
a|ca a+ a|+ c+a. t|aa |+| c+ sac a+a| 1a c|| ca aat a|a| ta|, ta| ||a| 1aa aa
|a+a ta+a a+t c+a iaa, + |+| 1a| 1+a e| aat t|a t|+c|, |aa a|a aat + +
c+a |ca ||ca a+ +a c+a iaa. l|aa t|aea |e a+ ta| |a+a ta+a a| + 1+t | caac
c||ca 1+a a+ ||aa c+a sac.
Hat t|+ 1a| 1+a aaa |+ ||a 1+t 1aec ae |aa a+ ||+c| s+a |+| |a
aca c+a|, 1|ca t|c| 1+t 1aec t+a |ca J.1!ta

. |+ |+ |ac t|+ 1a| |ea c c+a t|ac aca


t|aa ta+ a|+. |aa ||a| ||a| aca aa+| c+a iaa |ea, t |c |ea.
l|aec ||| |+a 1a +a a+, ta| 1+ a|+a t|ac 1aec |+ ||+c| s+a |+ |a+| caa
t||a| a+ |a |+a a|+t |+ aca t|aa ca+ aa t|+t |+ |aa 1aa, aa t|+t aaa a+, |aaa 1+
aa, c||ca c|aaa, t+a aac t|a+ a+a 1ac aa + t+t c+ a|aa c+| t|aa |c t|aa 1a
1ca a|ca ||ca 1|ca 1a. |+a aa| |+ |+| 1+t 1aec 1|ca a+. Hat |a+| ||a| caa t||a|
1aec 1+a ta a||ca t|ca a|aa caa 1c t|+ 1a| a|+t.
taa t||a| c+a |ea, t|e| |+a t||ct |c |+| c+a |ca 1+| a||ca a+a t|| aae|
t||ct |c |+| ca a+a |aea || t|aea | aa |aaa t|+ 1a|, aa ||aa |ct t|ac, |ac a+a
\t||| ac |a tcst|a, +|t|aa| t|c a|| +s aa1c| caast|actc1, |t |ac|c+sc1 ||aa !
ta ||aa|s +a1 aacc ++|a t|c c+|ca|+t|aa a| ccaaaa +s acat|aac1, |t| sac| + |||
+aa|t|aa, |t +s caat|aa+|| |+|sc1 a ta JJ ||aa|s +a1 J a+scacats |a cit|+. | ca||cct|c
st|cat| |+1 as|c1 a t|c sc+|c |a |ac s|ic, +t + taa scas|t|c ac+c| s|tc. | +s t|c aa|
aac |a |||t ++|ast t|+t ac| acc+asc | |a+|ac1 |t aa|1 ac tat+|| 1|s|aa|t|aa+|,
+a1 |+1 ta |+cc |t| + |c+| c|+||cac t|+t as|c1 ac ta c|c+tc sac| + c| ||| t||a
a+a aat st||| +1ca+tc. |a t|+t c+sc, | +s |aasc1 |a| +a aa|+|| |||t.
|a|taa+tc|, t|c|c +s + 1aa|a+at c|+ac t|+t t|c |+a1 +s ci+a1c1 ta t|c s|tc
a| |+| |a |atc|, t|c +|c+ |ac|c+sc1 ta J.1!ta

. |t +|sa c|+ac1 |as|1c st|acta|c a| t|c


aa||1|a. |acc|, t|c aats|1c |aa| +s st||| aa|c +1ca+tc +a1 acttc| |aa|t|aa.
|c|a|c a|||a aa t||s |acct, | +s ++|c1 t|+t t|c |atc| +s + caast|ac
t|aa tc ||c| |+1 t|c |as|1c ac|a + |c+| acss, s|a, |a||||||a +a1 +ac||a +||
t|c 1cs||cs, +|| t|c caast|act|aa+| |tcas |a t|c sstca c|c 1cs|ac1 |a| sac| a|asc.
|t |+s ta ac c+a|t +t +a cast. | |||cast |acstc1 tc a| caast|act|aa +a1 +s +|sa
M hnh khch sn Oriental Nha Trang (Phng n vi
din tch t cha m rng qua khch sn Hi u).
Oriental Nha Trang Hotels model (The land was not
expanded to the site of Hai Au 2 hotel).
21
caa |+| ca c+a |aa 1c |a |+| aa.
taa| a+a 11 ||+a /+ |aa te |+a +a a|a 1+ iaa, caa |+ |ac caac
||aa |a+a ||a| tc a+t 1+a. ta 1aa ||ca t+| ||aa t|c c|| |+ aat ||a+a t|ca ||aa
|a taea 1aea e| ||a+a t|ca a+ |a 1+ aa |+ t|aec 1a c|a |cc |a+a t||ca caa
t||a|, |aa a|a aat aae| ac 1+ 1ca |ac ||aa caa 1a sac 1c aaa| 1a+ caa a|a| s|a|
|+ ||| |+| 1a| 1|ca e| a|aa a|a c+a a+ |ea a|a t|c. taa t||a| 1+ 1aec a+a |+|
ta+a aa c|a aa c|a ae|, |a+t+|t+| + c|aca |+a +a aat aaa a+ ae|, |c t|aa
\|c|+taa, + tca caa t||a| 1+ 1aec c|aca 1a| t|+a| \|c|+taa |+ l|+a \+ |atc|.
aa|c |||c| ta ac c|+ac1.
l|c a|c| t|c a|| |s, t|c st|aac| t|c 1cs|ac| s|aa|1 ac. W|t| sac| + |aa
t|ac a| caast|act|aa, t|c 1cs|ac| |+s ta a+|at+|a +a cit|+a|1|a+| cac| +s |t +|+s
c|+acs, |t 1acs aat ca1, sa |c +|+s aast ac |as||c1 caaa| ta |aa |t.
| t|c ca1 a| 11, t|c caast|act|aa +s a+s|c+|| caa|ctc1, |t +s +|sa
|ca t|c ccaaaa|c c||s|s ac+a. l|c ca||cat s|+|c|a|1c|s caa|1 aat sca1 + |ac aaac
ca|+|cat ta t|c +aaaat t|c |+1 at aat |a| t|c a|| ac|a|c, ast |||c + aat|c| |a
c+aaat |+|sc t|c|| c|||1|ca +aaa|c acc+asc a| |+c|a sac| + ||| 1ca+a1. taascacat|,
t|c a|| +s sa|1 ta t|c cat||c ac aac|, |a+ t+|t+| +a1 ac|a t|+as|c||c1 ta + ac
tcc|a|ac, t|c sstca \|c|+taa, t|c|c|a|c, t|c a+ac |+s acca caac|tc1 |ata \|c|+taa
|+ l|+a \+ |atc|.
M hnh khch sn Oriental Nha Trang (Phng n vi
din tch t cha m rng qua khch sn Hi u)
Oriental Nha Trang Hotels model (The land was
expanded to the site of Hai Au 2 hotel)
Hnh nh khi cng Khch Sn Oriental Nha Trang
Image of beginning construction Project Oriental
Nha Trang Hotel
22
23
To i va ca c co do ng cu
C+a 1 ca 1aa saa c|| ca ||a+a J aae| a|ct ta| 1+ t||ct |c ||+c|
s+a, aat sa aae| t|+a c|| caa aa| |+a ||+c| s+a 1a aat 1ea | aaec aa+| t||ct
|c!j t|a 1|c| 1a+ caa 1aec s|a| |+ |+ a+a |+| |e| a|a+a, |cc 1a a|a| t|aea 1a|
e| |a. |+ |e |cc 1aec a+a 1| caa c|| 1a a|+t |+ |e| a+a a||ca!! |a |+a |cc
a+a t+a t|a+a ta 1a 1+ ca a|aa |+a a+ ca+ aa.
To i va Vina Capital
|a ae| ta| |a c|| aat |+a. l|aec 1a ta| 1aec ta+a aca act 1|a| t|ca
c+c t||ct |c ca+ a|a| ta t+a ||a| c|a 1ca |+a s+t t|| caa. |aa 1|ca ||ca a+
|+| 1aec 1+t |+ + |a ta c|a| ta|. la| a| c|+a 1at ta |ac a+.
To i, 2007 - hie n ta i
|| taec aca aaa| caa. l|aa caac c|aca |+a a+, ta| c|| a|ct 1aa
a||a, aa |aa a|a ca aat sac a+a|, aat t|c |ac + aa 1+ ||aa t||c| ta| aaa|
1a+ caa a+ aa+. |aa 1a| t|+ t|aa t||ct |c |ac a+ |||ca a+a t|+a ta| |+| c+a
aat a+a |aea ta |ea 1c a||a |+| aa. taa t||a| 1+a |a+a t||ca t|aa t+ a|aa
aae| t||ct |c ae|. t|+a c+a c|e 1e| aa |a+a t|+a| i+ 1aa, ta| a|ct aa |a| sc
|+ s+a, | aa 1+ 1aec 1+a| a+ sa \|c|+taa \+ |atc| |+ l|+a.
To i va o ng Nguye n Va n Ta m
||ca aae| 1+ |a| ta| |+a s+a ta| caa t|c + |+ aae| |ct +a a+
1aec t|ac ||ca caa t||a| |ea + a+a t|aa a|a +!, l|aec 1a e |ct +a 1+
and the previous shareholders
ac+|| 1 s|+|c|a|1c|s aat aa| +aaat J ca|c |aa t|+t | |+c 1cs|ac1
t|c |atc|, at|c|s cca s+ t|+t t|c |atc| +s 1cs|ac1 a + |a|c|a caa+aj. l|c t+|ct
c|||1 +s aa|a ta ac |a||t+a|c, sa aa|a+| |a| t|ca. ||| t|c c+|c |a| |s |a aac| |t
c+a ac sa|1. a|aas|, t|+t caacc|a c+asc1 t|c caascacaccs a| |t.
and Vina Capital
l|c |a|tc1 ac acct|a aa| aacc. |c|a|c, | +s t|c aac |a 1cc|1c a
1cs|ac1 +c|s ||aa |ts s|+c ta sac||s|a t|c caast|act|aa. |at, t|csc caa1|t|aas c|c
1ca|c1. | +s tc|a|a+tc1 ||aa t|ca.
, 2007 - present
|a1c| ac|a tc|a|a+tc1. |a t||s t|+as|c|, | aa| st+a1 acs|1c. l|+t ac|, t|+t
|a||acacc |+1 stac1 ac ||aa |+|s|a a c|||1. l|c c|+acs |a t||s 1cs|a +t t||s t|ac
c+asc ac ta acc1 + |c+t cac| ta |+c + |aa| a+c| aa |+t |+cac1. l|c |acct
|s ac|a caa|ctc1 a ac 1cs|ac|s. a acc1 ta +|t aat|| |t |s caa|ctc1, | |aa |+t
||| |+ca ast acc+asc |t |s ca1c1 \|c|+taa \+ |atc| |+ l|+a
and Mr. Nguyen Van Tam
H+a ca|c |+c +s|c1 ac | aa +|c + c| aaa |cta+acsc a+a
aat sa saaa c+a ac |csaas|a|c |a| sac| + a| +a1 |aa|t+at |acct!, |s t|c|c +a !
st+|s |atc| |t| |+|c sc+|c ||c| +s 1cs|ac1 a + |cta+acsc! a| W| aa c|c
Mt bng cc tng - Plan of floors
24
ca caa t||a| ||+c| s+a a+a e| a aa |ea, c+ 1a ! s+a a+ 1a c||a| t+ aae|
|ct +a t||ct |c! |+ l+| s+a |+| |+a aat caa t||a| c|a aat ||ca l|ac \a a|a
ta|, c|a+ ca +a |aa t||ct |c, 1ea 1ac, + c|+a a|ct 1+ aa, c|+a a|ct c||ca
c|aaa, c|+a a|ct |+a t|c, |+ c|+a i+ |a+ a|a |a+| ||a| ||+c| s+a, l|aec
1a, c|aa ta| 1+ |+a |cc e| a|+a a+ aat caa t||a| a|a, + ||ca |+a a|+a, +
aa l+a caa a|ct |+t a||ca ||ca l|ac \a |a| e |ct +a. la| t|ac sa ||aa a|ct
caa a|aa | 1a a+a ||+c a|aa 1+a ||ca |a |+a a|+t 1a |+. la| + aa l+a 1+
caa a|+a i+ 1aa aat caa t||a| e| |aa 1+a ac, a||ct |act, + t|+c| a||ca,
aa| aae| aat t|+c| a||ca. la| c|| a|ct a|a +, + ||aa a+a t+a 1ca a|aa c+|
||+c. c ||ca l|ac, aa l+a |aaa t|a taea ta| a|aa ||aa aaa t|+ +a, ||ca
a||ca + 1a| |a| tat a|+t. |+ |+ aat c+c| |+a |e | |a+ aae| ||ca l|ac \a
+ t|a |+a la. Ha| t|a aca |aaa 1aec t|+ +a ||ca a||ca + ica |+| ||| 1a
aa| t|a sc +a \aa
+ss|ac1 |t| t||s |acct |a| aa |+c aa a|||cc, ac|a +|aac, 1a aat |aa |a ta
+ac| +a1 ca11|c|, aat ac|a aa1 +t |cc|a |a taac|, a| aat ac|a +s ||+s| +s t|c
tc a| |atc|... ||c|aas|, H|. l+a +a1 | |+c a||c1 tact|c| |a| + sa+|| |acct, +a1
aa1c|staa1 c+c| at|c|. H|. l+a +|sa |aas a+a aa1 +|c||tccts |a |cta+a. | |c+||
1a aat |aa |+t at|c| |c+saas aat |t |s c|c+| t|+t. H|. l+a +a1 | |+1 tact|c| aa||t
+ |acct |t| aa| +ss|aa, aa| cat|as|+sa +a1 |csaas|a|||t|cs. | aa| |aa sa +a1 1a
aat c+|c +aaat at|c| t||as. |a +|c||tccta|c, H|. l+a +|+s t|asts ac aat |c 1acs aat
sta acst|aa|a, tcst|a +a1 |ca|||a. l||s |s + |c+saa+a|c a|| actcca +|c||tccts
+a1 |acsta|s. |c|t||a s|aa|1 ac +|+s tcstc1 +a1 |c|cc1... l|ca cc|t||a |||
st||| ||c...
25
Mt bng tng th - The site plan
Hnh phi cnh gc nhn t trc ng Nguyn Chnh.
Perspective view from Nguyen Chanh street
26
Mt ng trc ng Nguyn Chnh
Mt ct ngang cng trnh
Hnh nh cng trng thi cng khi b cng trnh
Nguyen Chanh Elevation
Cross Section
Image from the construction site.
28
29
Tri: Nhng hnh nh thi cng ti cng trng Khch Sn
Oriental Nha Trang
Left: Images from the construction site.
Phi: Gc nhn bn di hng ct tr khi cao tng
Right: The beneath view toward the columns of the high-rise.
H khung st khi chp - Nh Hng xoay Panorama.
Nhng hnh nh cng trng thi cng lp ghp khung sn ti Tp H
Ch Minh v ti Nha Trang
Steel Structure of the pyramid, the rotatable Panorama Restaurant.
Images from construction site of steel frame fabrication at Ho Chi
Minh city and Nha Trang city.
32
33
1 - Mt bng tng Nh Hng Xoay Panorama.
Panorama Restaurant Plan.
2 - Cc mt ct ngang khu vc nh hng.
Section through the restaurant.
3 - Hnh nh thi cng trng.
Image from the construction site.
1
2
34
Khi chp - Nh hng xoay Panorama
The Pyramid - The rotatable Panorama Restaurant.
37
Phng mu: Ni tht Phng ng tiu chun.
Sample room: Interior of Standard room.
39
Khch sn Sheraton Nha Trang 2009.
Sheraton Nha Trang Hotel 2009.
41
S phc u tin ca DaLat Plaza: Li tip cn chnh vo Dalat Plaza.
First sketch of DaLat Plaza: The main way approaches to the building
A LA T
PLAZA
Da lat
Plaza
Din tch khu t
S.S77 m
2
Tng din tch xy dng
S5.46S m
2
Ch u t
Co ng ty CP Du L]ch Delta
a im
2S dud ng Phan Nhu Tha ch
Tp a La t, La m o ng
Site area
3.377 m
2
Gross Floor area
35.463 m
2
Client/Owner
Delta Joinstock Co.
Location
23 Phan nhu thach str.
Da lat City, lam Dong
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43
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Thie t ke cuo i cu ng
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Last design
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44
Cc s phc u tin ca Dalat Plaza. Mt bng tng th,
con ng hnh cong tip xc vi cng trnh.
First Sketchs of Dalat Plaza: Master Plan, the curve site path
approach to the Building.
45
M hnh nghin cu cho phng n u tin.
Research Models of Fist Concept.
Mt bng cc tng Phng n sau cng
Floor Plans of Final Concept.
46
47
M hnh nghin cu cho Phng n sau cng.Gc
nhn trn con ng tip cn cng trnh v khu
vn trc ta nh
Mt bng tng trt Dalat Plaza: cng trnh v li
vo xuyn qua khu vn.
Research model of the final concept. Perspective
view from the approach path and the front Garden.
Ground Floor: the Building and the entrance
through the Garden.
48
49
Mt ct ngang cng trnh
Cross Section
50
53
Ha y die n gia i no i dung du a n na y
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Co ng trinh pha t trie n mo i tudng quan nhu the
Please explain design brief for the project
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How does the development dialogues with its
location; how does it fit into its cultural and physical
KHA CH SA N
KHATDCD
LBERTY
KhatoCo
liberty
Din tch khu t
1.275 m
2
Tng din tch xy dng
16.405 m
2
Ch u t
To ng Co ng ty Kha nh Vie t
a im
Nha Trang, Kha nh Ho a
Site area
1.275 m
2
Gross Floor area
16.405 m
2
Client/Owner
Khatoco Co.
Location
nha trang, Khanh hoa
||aa +a ca+ t+ c|| |ata|||c
Futurarc interview
55
na o trong khu vu c, cu ng nhu phu hd p vd i da c die m
va n ho a hay va t ly kie n tru c vung?
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Nhu ng nha n to kho kha n, gid i ha n {v] the khu
da t, da u tu...] la m a nh hud ng de n thie t ke ? Ba n da
vud t qua nhu ng kho kha n do nhu the na o? Nhu ng da c
die m gi cu a thie t ke cho tha y no lu c do ?
context?
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What constraints {in terms of site, budget,
etc.] were imposed on the project? How did you
over come those constraints? What design fea-
tures highlight those efforts?
l|c as|t|aa a| t|c |+a1 |+s a+1c ac t||a| c+|c|a|| t|+t |t 1acs aat
56
B mt khng ng nht ca khi khch sn
The non-synchronized surface of the building
57
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sa t|c iac t|ac t|c e| ae a|ca, 1aea |aa aea |+ 1aea saa saa e| 1aea
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t|a caa |+ aat ca ta a+t |e|. |a 1a ||a| |aa aa 1aec ta c|ac t|ca c+a, aet
|ca a|aa caa t||a| t|+ t+a, + ta aca t|aa t+a a|aa ac +t c ae a|ca |+
l|+a. la| ||a| 1aa a|aa ac a||a 1a |+t 1+c a|ct, aa a|ca ||ca sa s|a| 1aa +
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||+c| aa |+a| ||+ 1+c t|aa, 1a |+ aat ||aa ||| s|a| |a+t ce| ae + s|a| 1aa,
|+t |+ t|+ ca+ aa 1a ||c| a|ca. la| ||a| 1aa sa t|c c+a |+| t|+t ta a||ca,
ta+ a|+ sc ||aa ca |e| |+a a|a aat +c| a+a t|a caa a+ a|aa |aaa s|a|
||| t|ca |a a| |+a 1a+a, a+a aat c+a |+c i+ |+. la| t+a |+ sa |ct aa| |a+ aca
t|aa + aca aa+|, |a+ c+c t+a 1|c| a aca t|ca a|+ |+a aa||ct, |a| t|aea 1+
a+a, |a ae|...j + a+t |+a 1aea |a aca 1ae|, ||| 1a aa sc ca aat c+a |+c
t|+a t||ca c|a caa aae|.
Nhu ng va t lie u na o dud c du ng cho du a n?
o ng lu c na o da ng sau nhu ng cho n lu a na y?
||+a a||ca a|aa t||ct |c ca+ ta| sa 1aa actaa, c|+t ||ca i+ a|a +c|,
a| a+j, |+ a|aa +t ||ca ta a||ca 1+, aj, a|aa c|+t ||ca a+ t+a |+ aat c+a
|+c t|a aac, |+a 1|. ||aa ||| aa a|ca ca a||ca ca ta a+| aaa caa t||a| 1a
1a +a, aaa| a|ca,... 1a a|aa c|+t ||ca a+ ca ||+ a+a c||a |aa |a+ tat, + |||
aa| t|aea taea t+c, 1a a+a t|+a c+c c|+t ||ca aa t|a aac + ia+t |+t ta ta a||ca
caa ||aa |||ca caa t||a| iaaa c+, t|e aca i+a i| a|a a|aa +t ||ca a+
caat+ct 1||cct| |t| t|c ca+st||ac. |aa aaa st|cct |s + |a+1 +|+||c| ta l|+a ||a
ca+st||ac |+ l|+aj |||c t|c |||+s +t|s a+|c + sa+|c ca|ac| |t| |aa aaa
st|cct. l|c |atc| |a cac|+| +a1 cscc|+|| t|c |aaas |as|1c 1a aat caa + |s|aa
1||cct| ta sc+ |c, acs|1cs, ac|a aasca|c1 ac||a1 t|c |||+s |s +|sa + 1|s+1+at+c.
l|c|c|a|c t|asc a|ac|s a| |aaas +|c |c|1 aa |||c| +a1 sa|+ss |ac| aa||t a aa|ts,
+a1 c|c+tcs ||aa |as|1c t|c aa||ac +a|c cats |c+1|a ta |+ l|+a ac+c|. | |a+|ac
t|asc +|c scc|+| s||ts ||c| ci|css t|c ||c||acss +a1 1|c|s|t a| t|c ca|c |as|1c
ta t|c aat1aa| |||c t|+t ||| aat ac + s|a|c st|c a| sac||aa|i+t|aa. |a1 |ca ac
|a |c||cctc1 a t|c saa|||t, t|c ||| ||stca +s 1|+aaa1s, ||c| +|aast +tt|+cts
t|c taa||sts.
l|c +tt|+ct|cacss a| + aa||1|a |s |c||cctc1 t||aa| +a aca st|acta|c. |a
c+a c cac|+tc ||| aca! |+a|a ||aa t|c aca s+cc c+a cac|+tc +tt|+ct|c
acss |a| c1cst||+as, +a1 a||a + ac st+|t|a s|a+| caaca|cat| |a| aas|acss. l||s
|s +|aast + |aa| a| c|+||cac |a 1cs|a|a t+s| |+t|c| t|+a + c+asc a| 1||||ca|t|cs.
l|c |||+s aa|1c| c+|||cs +a |a+c a| s|1c+||s +ct||t|cs +ssac|+tc1 |t| |c+ta|c1
c1cst||+as, ||c| |s +a aca ||c| a|t|+|t a| |||c, ac|a aa|+| |a| a+||ac taa||sa.
| |a+|ac t|+t t|c |c+c| aast ac aa|c a+ta|+|. l|c aa||1|a ||| aat ac ||a|tc1 +s
+ |as| aa|||c+1 t|+t t|c c|t +|| |s |atc||atc1, a||a|a + scasc a| st|+acacss.
l|+t |s | | c|c+tc1 + caaacct|aa actcca |as|1c +a1 aats|1c, actcca t|c ac|
sc||cc ||aa|s |a||ct |cst+a|+at, aa|t||aact|aa |+||, s|aa|a aa|...j +a1 t|c ||+t
st|cct ac|a, t|ca |t ||| a||a + |||ca1| |cscat|acat ta |aa+a.
What materials are used to construct the
project? What was the motivation behind your
choice?
Hast a| a 1cs|as +|c as|a caac|ctc, caast|act|aa a+tc||+|s sac| +s a||c|s,
||ac/aa|t+|j, a| at|c| a+ta|+| a+tc||+|s staacs, aa1j, t|csc a+tc||+|s ca|c + |cc||a
a| s|a||c|t +a1 a|||a+t|aa. | t|c sc+ +|c+, c aast| cic||cacc c|as|aa |+ca|a
ta t|c aa||1|a acc+asc a| |aa|1|t, s+|t +tc|, ctc... aat t|csc a+tc||+|s c+a |cs|st |a1
|t|c||a c| c||, +a1 |ca t|c ca||aaacat |atc|+cts, |a| t|c +|c |+ a+tc||+|s
1c|||a ||aa a+ta|c, t|c aa|1 acc| c+asc +a 1c|+1+t|aa a| 1cc||a+t|aa ta t|c
aa||1|a caa+|c1 ta sac| at|c| ||+s| a+tc||+|s, +a1 a| caa|sc t|c aa||1|a st||| +|sa
58
Mt bng tng th : Khu t nm trn giao l ng
Hng Vng v Bit Th
The Site plan: Site at the corner Hung Vuong street
and Villa street
59
Cc mt ng v mt ct ngang
Elevations and cross section
60
aaa a+, 1| a||ca caa t||a| caa c+a sa a+a t|| 1|a| ||. acc1s c||a1|c a+|atca+acc.
Mt bng cc tng
Floor Plans
61
Cc gc nhn t khng gian tng trt: Li vo chnh v
cu thang ngoi tri.
Perspective views from the ground floor: main entrance
and outside stair.
62
63
|+a |+| aa a+ caa| caa ca+ aea aac |a +a |+t aaec |ct +a
||ca t+| |aa 1+a +a ca+ | a+ a+ 1aec || c|c taea 1a| 1+ 1a, t|aa 1a, c+c
1|a| t|a ca+ aa 1aec 1+a| c|a aat t|a| c+a 1+c a|ct 1a c 1c |+a 1+a ca+ ||aa
c+a| iaa a+a|. | t|| ca+ ||a 1+t + a+a t|+a ||ca t|ac 1+ t+a t|+a| 1+a +a 1+c
s+c a|+t t|aa |+| 1a+a ||c| sa 1+ t|+a t|+a ca+ 1+t aaec. | +, c|aa c+a |+|
1aec a+a taa, |a |a t|aa 1|ca ||ca tat a|+t. ||a| |+a |+| |+ l|+a |+ aat 1|a|
t|a 1c t+a 1aec +a taea a+a| + |+ |+a ||aa t|c t||ca aa| ||| a|+c 1ca a+
|+a |+|, + a|aa a|ct t|a aa| t|ca ca+ aa.
||a| ta+ |+c t|ca a+ 1a| tact 1c + ca t|c ca| |+ cat aac ca+ |a|
|+ l|+a a|a aat aac t|+a| aa| a+t 1|ca t|ca |aa c+a| c|a |a| |+ l|+a. ||a
1+t |+ sa taea |+a a+a| ac |a+ aat aca |+ a+t |+a aca| aaa ca+ a|ca, aat
aca |+ |aa | ca+ 1a| aa| a+a a+a|. |aa t|ca 1|a| sc ca 1aec t+a a||a a+a a+t
ca+ a+. |a |+ a+a s+t 1aec c+ aa 1+t, ca 1aec t+a a||a 1c a|+t, aat a+| t+a
||ca a|ct, se |aa aat ||a e ||ca a|ct, 1aec aa t|aa t||ca a||ca +a |aa, t|+a| 1aec
saa a|ca +a aa+ a+a t+a 1aec sa t|+a| a|a| a+a| a+a. l+ caa ca t|c a+a a|a|
a|a| ia+t ||ca, a+a s+t 1aec c+ t|+a| |a ||| a||a c |aea |+c. Hat t|+a| |a
a|ca ||ca |ca aa t|aa aat a+| c+t 1+|, c|a t|+ ||aa c+a| 1+ sac saa ca+ t|+a|
|a 1a ||c|. |aea |aa +a |+ c+a |+ l|+a t+a |a ||c|. |a t|e| |+a t|a| 1|,
ca |+a a|ca 1a| aa| t|a t+t c+ caa c|| ae| a+t 1+a. l|+t |+, aa| t|a c+a |+ e,
|+ e 1c... |+t t||ca. Ha| t|a +a t|c 1|ca... t|e| |+a ca t|a| 1|... aa| t|a ca t|a|
1|... sa c+a a+a |a| sc t|e |+|.
)a+ ||a ||aa t|c t|+ 1a|. a ca taa t+| a|a aa aa ca + |+| 1aec |ac
|+a |+|, t|c |+st |ac|a| a| |a +a ||a1aa aa c+||c1 |ct +a. l|c ||sta| |+s
acca ||ttca 1aa +|| a| t||s |ac|a|s cst|cs, cscc|+|| t|c +|+ccs |c|c |c ||c1 +a1
a||c1 +|c |csc|c1 +a1 ci|stcat |t| t|c c||a1 a| t|ac. l|c aast caaaaa c|+|+ctc||st|c
a| |+a |+| |+|+ccs |s t|+t t|c +|c |ac+tc1 |a |+aaas |+ccs |c|c a+a|||ccat |cs +a1
|s|a|c c+c|cts +|c |||| caasc|c1. W|+tsacc| |t t+|cs, ||sta| s|aa|1 ac c|| sta|c1 +a1
a+|at+|ac1. |a1, |+a |+| |+|+cc |a |+ l|+a |s, taa, +1a|ttc1 +s aac a| t|c cst|cs cc|
t|ac ca|c acat|aa t||s |ac|a|.
l|c +|+cc ||cs aa +a cit|cac| ac+at||a| |||| ||c| c+a ac caas|1c|c1 + a||c
staac a| |+ l|+as a+. |+a |+| |+|+cc sccas |||c + |aa|acat +|at|a t|+t caac|||s|cs
t|c c|ts act|c |+a1sc+c. l|c +|c+ |s sac| + caat|+1|st|act|aa actcca t|c |+ac sa||+cc
a| s+c|aas sc+ +a1 t|c saa||ac a| sa||aaa1|a aaaat+|as. | st+a1|a |a t|c +|+cc, aa
a||t cic||cacc t|c ||as +atasca|c a||c, |c|c aa c+a aasc|c t|c |a|c |+a1 +a1
caa t|c aast ac+at||a| s||t 1aa ta + scc|a1c1 a+t||a ac+c|, a| |+c aa| aa |1c+|
|csa|t +s c|| +s caa|+cc t|c ac+at a| a+ta|c aat st+ ++ ||aa a+||ac +c 1a||a
sta|a sc+saa ta ac |a t|+aa|||t +|| t|c t|ac. |c| aa|a|a, aa a+ ac|a|1 t|c 1+a
caa|a |ata s||t, aa a+ +|sa c|cc|c t|c |c a| t|c c|t ta t|c a|t|. l||s a+||ac
aa|aa| ||| +c+| ta c|+s t|c |aa ac+c|, ||c| a||as + ||c| a|t|+|t a| t|c taa||st
taa. la t|c saat|c+st caa|sc, |t |s |+ l|+a a|t laa||st a|t. l|ac cat a, t|c|c |+c
acca c|+acs ta t|c |+a1, |acc|, cc|t||a |+s ast acaa. l|c aast||a 1cc|aacat
a| t|c |c|aa |+s a+1c |t sa st+c||a +s || |t |ast t|c 1|sca|||a||aa. |a |+ct, cc|t||a
acc1s ta ac a|a|ca, ac a|a|ca |a a|1c| ta ac 1cc|ac1. |||c st||| ci|sts +a1 t|ac acs
aa |c|t||a ||| |+ca..t|c ca|||a||aa ||| sa|c| |cta|a.
RESDRT
HDA NG GA
BA D A
bao Dai
royal
Din tch khu t
1S ha
Tng din tch xy dng
S,9 ha
Ch u t
To ng Co ng ty Kha nh Vie t
a im
Ba n da o Ba o a i, Nha Trang
Site area
13 ha
Gross Floor area
3,9 ha
Client/Owner
Khatoco Co.
Location
bao Dai Peninsula, nha trang
65
c|c + taa |a|. Hat ||ca t|ac ca 1|ca ||+ ta+ |+c t|ca 1|a| 1a|, a+a a+a| |+ ||a
aea ca 1|ca |a+a| t|+a, t|+a a||ca + |aa |+, caa |+| |+ t|+a i+a| ca+ |aa
c+ + a+t aaec, ae| ||ca t|ac ae| +a a|a| aca 1ae|. +... taea |+|... t||ca a||ca
1aec t|+ |+| a|a c+| aa +a ca.
Wc c+aaat c|+ac t|c +st |a| |t caat|aacs ta ac |a ci|stcacc +s |t |s |a|c|cat,
t|c|c|a|c, |t acc1s ta ac |cscctc1 +a1 |csta|c1. l|c|c |+s + c|+ss|c+| ||cac| ca|aa|+|
+|c||tccta|c |ac+tc1 aa ta a| t|c |||| sa||aaa1c1 a a+cst|c, sa|caa +a1 |aia||aas c|+ss|c+|
+|1cas, t|c |cst |s c|1a|c a| |cca |a|cst +a1 +tc| sa||+cc |c|c + ac +|c||tccta|c |s
||11ca aa1c|ac+t|. |a1 |a t|c |ata|c a+ta|c ||| |cta|a +s t|c + |t |s.
66
Hin trng Bi bin & bn du thuyn
Existing beach & Marina
M hnh nghin cu tng th Khu du lch Hong Gia Bo i
The research model of Bao Dai Royal Resort
67
Mt bng tng th theo cc lp cao : Nm ta dinh th
c bn trn, v cc lp chm vo sn i bn di
The masterplans in different level. Five old villas in above
and other layers absorbed by the below mountain slope
68
69
|+a| |+ a+a c+a| iaa a+a| c|a t|+ |aea |aa |+c + |aea |+c ca
c+a| a+a 1c a|+t, ||a a|+ a|| 1aec aa t|ca ca t+a a||a |aea a+. ||ca l|ac e
1+ |+ aat |+a ca+ saea 1a| c+c c+a |aa c||a aca 1ae| + 1aec ic |+t c+ t|ca
saea 1a|, a+| ca+ c+a aca 1ae| sc |+ aea ca+ c+a aca t|ca, aca t|aa a|+ 1ca ca t+a
a||a ae ta+a aa |+ aca aa+| ta c|a aa, |aa +a 1ca ||a ac c s|a| + ca ||a
aea ||ca ||+ t|aec. la+a aa taa t|c ||a ac a+ a|a aat |+a ca+ saea 1a|, |+
||a aea, |aa c+, e| 1aea act aaa |aea a|a |aaa a+c t|+a |ac +a |ac ||ca. t+a
t|ac a+ |+a taa |a| + t|e t|+a| |aa aca c|a a|aa c+a a|ct t|a ca aca t|ca.
|a| s+a a+a| ca+ aa 1+t a+ |+t + +t 1aec |at 1| ae| t+a c+ |aa
|a a|ca a+a t|ca |e| aaa|, |+a c|a aa| t|a |aaa c|aca 1aa + t|a| 1| |ca
t|ca aca t|aa ta| caa 1aec t|a| 1| H+a a|ca i+a| |+a. H+a i+a| 1+c a|ct ca+
la +|| s|1cs, t|c aa|t|c|a +a1 aa|t|c+stc|a |cs +|c caas|1c|c1 t|c acst
ac||aa||a, t|+t |s t|c |c+saa | +|| t|c |aaas +|c |+c|a ta t||s 1||cct|aa. l|c
+|c||tccta|c, t|c|c|a|c, |s +|t a| t|c aaaat+|a s|acs. |aaas +|c ||11ca aa1c|ac+t|
+a1 +||+ac1 |||c |aatstcs +ttc|a +|aa t|c s|acs. l|c |aa| a| c+c| |aaa ||| ac t|c
c|+a1+ a| t|c |c||a |||c| aacs. |as|1c t|c |aaas, cca |a t|c ac1|aaas, ||aa t|c
sa|+s, t|c 1|a|a |aaas a| ta||cts, aa a||t +|sa |aa| t||aa| |t| t|c |c ta ||+tc
||aat +|1ca. l|c |a|c scct|aa ac|aas ta t|c aaaat+|a s|acs, |t |aa|s |||c + +|1ca,
+ |a|cst |t| ciat|c ca|c1 ||acs a| |aatstcs +ttc|a. l||s ||a1 a| 1cs|a |+|scs t|c
a+a|||ccat a+c||aaa1 |a| t|c ac| c|+ss|c+| |||+s.
l|c a|a|||a saa st|c+a s||ts |ata t|c a|+ac|cs +a1 a||as t|c sc+ a|ccic
70
a|ca |+ l|+a H+a aa 1ca t+a a+| ||ca a|+...
||aa t|c acc+a. |c|t||a |s aa|a |a|+|1 +a1 caat|aacs |t| |ts |a|c.aa |||
|aa+a| |cc| t|+t aa +|c + +|t a| |t.1cc |a t|c a|ac acc+a, cscc|+|| t|c aasa||t
+tc| a| |+ l|+as sc+...
71
72
73
Hnh nh cc ta dinh th c & khu vn hin hu
trong khun vin cc dinh th
Images of the old villas & existing gardens in their yard
CA N HD
79
t+a |a t|+t |+ | |+, aa a|a c+| | 1a a 1|a|, aa i+c 1|a| |+a | se |aa,
aa 1aa e| a+a c|+t se |aa ca+ caa aae|, aa |+ sa |+a aaac. l|+t |+ | |+ |+ ca |+t
a||ca aae| c+ 1e| |a ca t|a + c|+a sac aa |aa a|a |+ a+a t|+a |a, t|+t +a ta+a,
||ca ta + s+a s+a | s|a| aa| t|a 1c a+a c aa, c+| a|+ 1aec 1aa |a+ e| a+a t|+a
|a, |a |+ c+| a|+. | |+ |ea aa+ |+ c+a |a 1a |+| aaaa ta |ea aa+, |+| |+ ||a aea
||ca ca+ a|a|, |e| |+a a+ |+ ca+ ta|. |+ |+ aat +a a+a ca+ caa aae|.
Thd i thd a u
l|e| t|e +a, ta| e l+ |a|, aat aa ac a|a aa| ae| ||+c, |+ 1|a| ta|
caa ca a|+ ||ca + 1aa +a| ca, 1+ |+ c+a a|+ 1+a |+a +a |a, a| |+ a|+ c|a
1|a|, aca t|ca |+ aat a+| a|+ t|+t |ea + aca 1ae| |+ a|aa a+a c||+ ce a+a, t|aa
1a |+a t|e 1+ c||ca +a aat |+a a+ c+a a|+. |aa a+a c||+ caa |+| a+a t|a|
||a| 1aa, aat c+c| ce a+a, ta| a| 1a |+ sa t|aa t|+|. t+a a|+ ca +a |ea aae|
aae|, |+a a||ca ||aa ca a|aa c+a |aa ||ca a|ct, + +a a|a ||aa ca c+| |
|+ se |aa ||ca a|ct, ta| 1ca, aa| aae|, aat ||a ac + aa. \e |aa t|aa ta|
1+ ||aa 1aec ta| |aca, ta| t|+ 1+ |+ aat 1|ca a|c a|+a, + ||ca t+| ta| ||aa
a| |+a aaac ae| +a a+a 1a.
la| t|+c a+c |+a caa aae| ca t|c ta| t||ca |a+ se |aa, c+| |+a aaac,
1aec ||aa! la| aaaa aa| ||aa c|| +t c|+t aca aa+| a+ caa |+ aa| t+a, ||| 1a
ta 1a ae| ia+t ||ca.
taac saa ta a||ca 1+ 1+a t+a caa aae| aat c+c| ||ca a+, a| +a a|+t,
||aa a+a |e|, ||aa a+a |+a t||a|, + ||ca t|ac |+ aat |+a 1a. ||ca t|ac + |a|
saa a| 1|a| |+a a|+a, e| a|aa |a| saa |+t ||+c a|ct, ca aae| saa t|aa |+a 1|+
1+a ta t||, ca aae| saa t|aa ta, |+ aat + |+a ta ||aa se |aa... taa aae|
t|ac sa a| 1|a| c|a ||ca l|ac.
Ca n pho ng
la t|aac +a 1|ca ||ca, +t ||ca + | t|a+t i+ 1aa, aae| t+ ca t|c
t+a ||aa |+a 1c 1|ca t+ aat 1|ca | 1a, a|aa 1a caa |+ aat ae| ta 1aa, +
t|aa |+a | a+, a+ s|a| a|aa 1e a+a, taa 1aa a|a +a ta, ||| 1a caa aae|
|+| sa 1aa 1ca | t|a+t 1c |+| act, a|aa 1a |+| |+ a|aa +a 1c ca+ | t|a+t.
Ca n pho ng nha tu
|a 1+a t+a 1c caa aae| 1| +a |c t|aa.l|aa |c t|aa 1a, aa |+t s|a| |+
a|aa c+| t+t a||ca, a|aa aae| a+ ||aa aaaa, t|c |a| a|+ ta |+t s|a|, a|+
ta |+ c+| t+t a||ca ca+ |c t|aa. |a |e| |+a, t|ca c+c| 1+a t+a. t+a |aa + +a|
s+a sc 1+a t+a 1aec caa aae|, ae| a+ +a| s+a 1aec |+a 1+a t|ca aac 1a ca+ ta
a|+a. \a 1aa ||aa |+a + +a| s+a, |a+| aa c+c t|ca a||, 1c aca caa aae| t|aa 1a
t|ca c+c| |+a| i+c 1c 1+t 1aec 1|ca aaec |+|. |+ |+ 1|ca t|+| aaec e| t|ca a||.
|a aa| |+a, t|ca c+c| a+, c+a |aa 1a, caa aae| sc t|+ 1a|, a|aa t|ac
tc 1|ca 1a c|+a t|+ 1a| 1aec.
Pho ng giam co la p va pho ng giam ta p the
t+| ta| 1aec aa| a+t t|aa aat t+ t|c, caa aae| t|ac sa 1+a saa t|aa sa
l|c ++|tacat |s c| ciat|c, |t |s |||c + |a|c, |t 1ctc|a|acs t|c 1aa+|a a|
aac|s||, +s t|c a+ta|c a| |aa+a ac|as, |ts + a|a1|a. \a|||s|a|, a+a ca|c |+c
acca t+||a c+|c a| t|c|| ++|tacats ast |||c t|casc|cs |a| |a|c |||c. l|c +at t|c||
++|tacat ta ac s+|c, ||+tc caaa| +a1 +|c |c+1 ta s+c||||cc cc|t||a ta |atcct |t
acc+asc t|c|| |aac |s ctt|a caat+ct c|asc| ta t|ca. |a +11|t|aa, |ts +a+i|a t|+t t|c
aa|1 |||c ta citca1 t|c ++|tacats ||c| s|aa|1 accaac t|c|| aa +|1cas, t|c|| ||+c.
l||s sccas ta ac + |aa+a |aa|ca.
The childhood
|a| +|| a c|||1|aa1, | ||c1 |a l+ |a|, + caaat| |||c +a at|c| |+cc, |t|
a +|cats, a|at|c|s +a1 s|stc|s |a aa| ||+tc |aasc. a| |aac +s 1cs|ac1 |a||a|a
t|c \aat|c|a st|c, c+||c1 t|c ||ac|+| |cs|1cacc. |aac +s + |ac |aa| +a1 acac+t| c|c
sa+|| a+s|c 1||1c1 aa|ts, |a ||c| t|c +|t+| a+1c a ac+|| aac t|||1 a| t|c |aasc, at|c|s
c|c ||ci|a|c |a asc, a+s|c+|| | c+||c1 |t t|c cat. l|c |aasc +s ++||+a|c |a| ac+|| tca
ca|c, +|aast t|c|c +s aa ||+tc |aaa +a1 aa c|saa+| |ac|t t|+t |ca t|c a||t
c+ac, cc|aac |c|+ic1 |a + s|cc|a +|c+. |a ac, t|c|c +s aa scasc a| |ac|t, ct |
t||a| t||s |s +s cat|c +s c+cc +a1 ca||cat|, | +a aat t|c1 |t| sac| |aa|cas.
| aa1c| || ca|c aa|1 a|a|a|ic |ac|t a|a1|a! at aa| 1a | +at ta
acat|aa t|c a+tc||+| aat +|sa t|c s|||ta+| |ca ||cc1aa +c+|s.
l|c a+ta|+| |||c |+s t|+|ac1 ca|c aast c||cct|c| +a1 astc||aas|, aat |a
a|1s, aat |a t|ca|, aat +|c||tccta|c |s |c+|| + +|t a| |t. ||c||tccta|c +a1 |||cst|c
|ca|+tc c+c| at|c|. W|t| sac| 1|||c|cat |||cst|cs, t|c|c c|c ca|c |a ||c1 |a ta t||
taaac|s, |a ||saa a| + ++aaa1 |s |+c| a| aac|s||. l|as, ca|c +cta+|| 1c||ac
t|c +|c||tccta|c.
The room
|cca1|a aa t|c caa1|t|aas, a+tc||+|s +a1 caast|act|aa+| tcc|a|acs, c c+a
c|c+tc + s+cc ta 1csc||ac saact||a, aat t|+t |s + c| c|asc |aaa, +a1 |t||a t||s
s+cc, +|asc t|c 1||t , ci|stc1 +a |a||saaacat, t|ca ca|c aast asc sac| tcc|a|acs
ta |csa|c, aat t|asc +|sa c+asc t|c |aa|cas a| tcc|aa|a.
Rooms of prison
l|c t|+|ac1 ca|c ta ||c |a |a|cs. |a t|+t sstca, |t ac|as |t| aa|aas
c||t. ||t|aa| t|csc ca|c 1a aat +at ta, t|c ||saa ci|sts, ||saa |s +a aa|
aas c||t a| t|c sstca. l|c |cst||ct t|c a+aac| a| t|+|a|a. |aaas +a1 |||t
||| t|+|a t|c ca|c. l|c |||t |s |c1acc1 +cca|1|a ta t|c |+a| a| t|c ||saac|s. | as|a
s+cc +a1 |||t, |caa|a +|| t|c |+c|||t|cs, t|c caat|a| ca|c |a t|c + a| aa|t|||a
t|c|| aa1|cs |a a|1c| ta acct t|c |cc|sc. l||s |s aas|tc ta c|| ca|c1 |+c|||t|cs.
l|c s+ t|+t |a t||s +, |a t||s |aaa, ca|c ||| c|+ac, aat |a |+ct, |t
c+ascs aa c|+ac.
The detained and isolated rooms
for group detention
|a1||1a+||t st+a1s aat |a + |aa, ca|c +cta+|| +|c |||a |a caa+||saa
80
sa s+a| e| a|aa aae| ||+c 1c |+a a|ct c+| ca+ a|a|, ae| 1a caa aae| 1aec taa
|a, 1aec ||ca t|aea + 1aec 1c c+a. t|aa t+ 1+ 1aec 1+a t+a ta a|a t|ca c+c| 1a,
1c 1| +a |c t|aa aat |aa |+a t+ t|c, ae| t|ca a|| t|+ |ea. ||ca 1a t|c
||ca |a |+a t|aa a+a |c |a+ caa aae|, t|aa |+a t|c t|+t ||aa |||c.
||aa |+a ca |+ taea |+a c+| ta| 1+ 1aec |ct c|ct a|aa aa |+| ||ca
||a| t|ca aat 1+a ||+c a+a| ac |ea.
Ca n pho ng nha tu & thie n nhie n
|ca ta a+ a| c+t 1at |a+a ta+a t|aa c+a |aa a|+ ta. ||ca ca c+| a|ca
1aec caa aae|! Hat ae| taa t+| |+t |t ||aa ||| ta a||ca 1c t|e, |a 1+a t+a t|ca
c+c| 1+a| 1a|, |a c|a |+a caa aae| a|a t|c sc s+a t+a, |+a| i+c caa aae| sc ca
s+a t+a, + ca s+a t+a ||aa!
Can pho ng & chu c na ng song do i
taa a|a a+t | +t t|c a+a ||+c, c+a |aa |aaa c|a+ aat c|ac a+a
saa 1a|. e| 1a t|aca t+| aat 1|ca | 1a a|aa 1aa t|e| caa a+a sa c||+ c+t,
|+a |aa.
Haa |+a ||ca t|ac ||aa e t|aa |+a | a+.
Ca n pho ng thie n nhie n
l||ca a||ca |+ ca| aaaa, |+ cat ta ca+ sa saa, c+| ca t|c |a+ a|+ e|
caa aae| a+ |+ tac, ||aa 1|ca ||ca, a|a 1aa c|+, a|a caa 1aea, ||aa |+|
|+ ta 1aa. t+a |aa sc ||aa |+ 1|ca a+a t|aa aa+, aa ca t|c |+ c|a a+a aa|,
a+a cat ca |+ 1c a+a 1a| t|a+| t|ac t|c e| t||ca a||ca.
l||ca a||ca |+| 1aec 1|ca |+ aat c+c| ta a||ca + |e |, ||aa aac ta.
a |aa a|a t+ aac ta t+. ||| aa |+ c||a| aa, aa sc t|aca t+| a|aa 1|ca t||ca
||ca a|+t, |+ ca| aaaa ca+ a+a, a+a sc 1aec t|c a|+a a+a |aea ta aa.
Ca n pho ng - Rie ng tu & tnh la ng
t+a |aa caa c+ c|a a+a ||ca ta. t+a |aa |+| 1+a a+a sa t|aa
s+c| c +a t|+a|, +t t|c, a+a |aea, t||ca a||ca, a|aa aa caa c|| |+ 1|ca ||ca,
aa| t|aea c|a ||aa 1a+ a+a 1ca sa t|a| |+a. \ac a+a| t|ac sa ca+ c+a |aa |+
sa ca |+a. |a |+ aat |e| |+a ca+ ||ca l|ac.
||| a+a e t|aa c+a |aa t|aa ||aa aat a|a|, aa c|a a+a sa ca 1aa,
1a |+ sac a+a| a saa ca+ aa. a t+a c|a a+a sa t+ t|aa a|+t 1|a|, t+ t|aa |aaa
t|ca |+a a+a |aea | aa cac aa. t+a |aa sc |+ ae| t|+a| |ac aa| t|aea 1c t+a
t|aca t+| 1|ca 1a t|aa a+ a|aa a||ca a a+.
Ca n ho - kho ng gian giao tie p
|+a t|+a c+a |a |+ ||aa |+a |+a t|c c|a ||aa |+| |+ caa c+c |aa
c|ac a+a |+|. Hat c+c| t|aa t|aea, ||| i+ 1aa c+a a|+ c|a a|a|, a|ca a+a
1+a |aaa 1+t |+ ca c+a a|aa c+a |aa |, caa aa |+|, |a| |ct, ta| ta |a| t+| s+a!
|t| at|c|s ta 1|st|aa|s| t|casc|cs, |a ||c| a+a |s c|cc|c1 a, |c+|1c1 +a1 |ca
|aa|acacc. Wc |+c acca t|+|ac1 |a t||s + ||aa t|c c+|| 1+s, +s ta ac |a t|c
sstca + ca||cct|c 1ctcat|aa |aaa, |c|c t|c|c |s |+c| a| |+c|||t|cs. |t |s c|c+|| |ac1
|a t|c |c|+t|aas|| actcca ca|c, |a 1+|| caaaaa|c+t|aa... |t |s |c+|| tc|||a|c!
|a |sa|+tc1 casta1, |a1||1a+||t +s t|aa|t ta ac cit|act, |acc|, |t +
c+|s |a + st|aac| 1|||c|cat |a|a.
Rooms in prison & the nature
l||s |+cta| |s caa|ctc| cat |a ||saas. t+a |t t|+as|a|a + a+a a t|+t +!
|ts + |+cc |c|c ci|sts aa| + |c +|| ta a|c+t|c, |c|c t|c t|+|a ca|c |a t|c
a+aac| a| s+|a. l|c t||a| ca|c t|ca ||| accaac c|c+t|c, t|+t aa|t|||a t|c
aa1 ||| |c t|c |acat|cacss, ||| |t!
Rooms & dual functions
|s c|| +s +a at|c| aaccts, |aaas +|+s caat+|a + 1a+| |aact|aa. at aa|
|s |t + |+cc ta t|+as|c| saact||a aat +|sa |c|cscats t|c 1||s|aa +a1 |+|cacss.
| cicct t|+t t|c +|c||tccta|c |s aat |a t||s |+ac.
The rooms of nature
+ta|c |s +a a|||a+| saa|cc, + ccatc| a| |||c ||c| c+a sac|+||ic |t| |aa+a
|aac1|+tc|, |t|aat caa1|t|aas, +s + ||a, sac| +s |a+1s, +a1 +|c aat a|css|c. |aaas
+|c aat |aa|t+at +aaa|c, |t a||t ac aa| t|c |+cc |c|c aa c+a s|t, c+a ||c 1aa...
|t |s +aaat + 1||cct caaaaa|c+t|aa |t| a+ta|c.
+ta|c s|aa|1 ac |at|a1acc1 |a|c+|| +a1 a+ta|+||, aat ac|a sta|| t|+t
c ||| ac sta|| taa. W|ca |t |s caas|1c|c1 +s |tsc||, |t ||| t|+asa|t t|c aast s+c|c1
t||as. |t |s aa| a|||a +a1 aa ||| ac |ccc||a cac| ||aa |t.
Rooms - Private & still
|aaas a||c| aa ||+c. |aaas +|c ta ac casa|c1 |t| c|c+a||acss a| t|c
saaa1, |s|c+| aaccts, cac|, a+ta|c, ct |t |s aa| + caa1|t|aa, +a ca||aaacat +a1
|t c+a aat t+|c aa ta t|c st|||. l|c +cta+| st|cat| a| t|c |aaas |s t|c a|ctacss. |t |s
+ ||a|t+t|aa a| +|c||tccta|c.
W|ca aa +|c |a +a cat |aaa +|aac, |t |cs aa + scasc a| ||+c +a1
st|||, t|+t |s t|c t|ac ac| a| |t. |t |cs aa + cc|t+|a caaccat|+t|aa. taaccat|+t|a 1acs
+stc sac| +a +aaaat a| cac| acc+asc |t |s + |acasc1 +ct||t. |aaas ||| a||| t|c
ca||aaacat sa +s ta t|+asa|t t|c ||+c +a1 st||| t||aa| t||s ||a1 a| t+s|.
Apartments - communication space
|+|tacat |tsc|| |s + caaaaa|c+t|aa s+cc, aat a caaacct|a +|| t|c at|c|
|aact|aa+| |aaas. |a caaaaa, |ca aa||1|a + |aasc, t|c a|||a+| |1c+ |s ta sct t|c
|ca||cacat |a| aa| |aaas, t|ca caaacct|a t|ca, +a1 t|+ts +||, | aa1c| |! |s t||s
+a +ss|aacat, + 1||s|aa, a| + |c||cct|aa a| acc|+a|c+| 1|st||aat|aa |||c |aa+as! l|c
81
Mt cn phng trong vn phng ca ti:
Khng gian v nh sng.
The room in my office: Space and light
82
83
ta |+| 1+ |+ sa |+a 1|a|, aat sa c||+ c+t, |+ 1a |+a i+ |+a c||+ a+ aac
|aa a|a caa aae|. a| a|+ |+ ||aa |+a |+a t|c |a+ caa aae| e| caa aae|,
+ |a+ caa aae| e| t||ca a||ca. ||aa |+a a+ |+| 1+ caa aae| 1+t 1ca aac
t|ca ta| t|aea ca+ aa. la| aaaa aa| ||aa |+a c|a ||aa |+| a|aa +t 1aa,
||aa |+a c|a ||aa |+| t|+a t||. Hat ||aa |+a ||aa ||a| t|a c|a ||aa |+|
aat t+ |e c+c a|ca taea.
a| a|+ sc |+ aat ||aa |+a 1a a|+t, ae| 1+ c|| ca ||a+a ||aa +
c+| ||a.
|aasc |s + caaaaa|c+t|aa s+cc actcca ca|c |t| ca|c, +a1 actcca ca|c
|t| a+ta|c. l||s s+cc aast +|sa |c| ca|c ta |c+c| t|c|| a|ascs ta t|c ataast.
l|c s+cc | ac+a ta s+ |c|c |s aat +aaat t|c aaccts, aat +aaat t|c 1cca|+t|aa. |t
|s + |a|a|css s+cc |+t|c| t|+a + ca||cct|aa a| |caas.
l|c |aasc ||| ac + aa|ac |+cc, |c|c t|c|c +|c aa| s+cc +a1 t|c
sta|c.
84
85
SA GD N
HDUSE
saigon
house
Din tch khu t
S00 m
2
Tng din tch xy dng
2.600 m
2
Ch u t
D ng Nguye n Va n Ta m &
ba Ho Nguye t Thu
a im
S86 - S88 Hoa ng Die u,
O.4, Tp. HCM
Site area
300 m
2
Gross Floor area
2.600 m
2
Client/Owner
Mr nguyen Van tam &
Mrs ho nguyet thu
Location
386 - 388 hoang Dieu str.,
Dist. 4, hCMC.
Su truye n ca m tie p die n
Hae| a+a t|aec, a+ ac ta| ca aat taea.
Hae| a+a t|aec, |a |+a +a t|ac ||ca aat taea a+ |+a |ct a+a ac |+a
+a 1ca c|a |+ ||aa taea.
| taea a+t 1+a.
|a a||a c aat taea |+| ta caea ca+ aae| |ct, 1a ||| 1a a+a t|+a |a
+a c|a+ ||ca 1+ 1a c taea 1a + caa c|a+ 1a sac ||ca t|ac |a+ aa.
||aa aae| |e t+c 1+a ta, |a ta |+a t+t c+, | aat t+a a||a. |+a |a+t
|aea +a a| ta c|a|. )a+ a||ca t|+a, |a +a a|a a+t |ct | aa t|| +a| ||+a
|aa |aa, ||ca t|ac sa t|c, ||aa ||a| a||ca, ||aa a|ct aa+| |+a, 1aec |e|
t||ca 1ca. +| |aea +a aa+ |+ 1e| a|aa c|| te| |aea +a caa| caa e| aat ta+
a|+ t+a t+a a|a aa t|ca ||a 1+t ItiI1a e| ||a| ||a| c|+c ||ac 1ea |+a t|| ae|
t|act |ac 1aec a+ ac ta|.
|+ caa |+ |+a 1+a t|ca aa a+ t|a 1+a ta a+ ac ta|j, ||ca t|ac sa +a|
||+a |aa |aaj, | sa |ct c+a +a| l|+a ||a| |+|j, c+ |+| aae| s+a 1ca caa |+t
t|c, c|a+ 1ca J1, |+a |cc e| a|+a. |a 1+ t|c tac caa t|+| a+ a+ 1a +a |ea |ea
|+t a||ca + aat 1+ t|+a| ||a| ||+c| s+a \|c|+taa |+ l|+aj.
|ca t|a + sa act t+a, 1+a ac + |aa 1aa c+a, 1a |+ t+t c+ a|aa
1|ca a+a t|aa a|+t ta| |ac 1aec ta |a. Hae| a+a ||aa |+| |+ 1+| a|aa caa 1a
The continuum of nspiration
lca c+|s +a, a +|cats |+1 +a |1c+.
lca c+|s +a, t|c 1+|tc1 |a |a|cacat|a +a |1c+ t|+t +|aast t|c|| aas|acss
|||ca1s t|aa|t |t +s |aass|a|c.
l|c |1c+ |+s acaa.
l|c |aa|c1 |a| t|c |ata|c sc|||a|acacat a| |cta+acsc, t|aa| t|c
t|casc|cs st||| 1|1 aat caa|ctc| aa1c|st+a1 t|c |1c+ +a1 +|sa +s aat c++a|c ta
a+tc||+||ic |t.
W|t|aat caac|+ta|, t|c 1|1 cc|t||a t|casc|cs, |a| + |s|aa. | sc||cs a|
|aas+| +s |ccctc1. ||tc| a+a aaat|s a| scc||a, t|c +|aast |ast t|c|| |ac, t|ca +a
aaa +|c||tcct, a+ac1 ||+a |aa |aa |t| aa cic||cacc, aa |aaa, +s |at|a1acc1
ta t|ca. | |c aa|c |aas+|s |+s 1c||c|c1 aat aat|| t|c |+st aac, + sa+|| c||t ||aa|s
aa||1|a aa + ItiI1a s|tc |t| + st|aa +a1 s|a|c |a|a, |+1 caa|acc1 a +|cats.
l||s aa||1|a |s +|sa t|c |||st |acct t|+t t|c t||a. |acsta| a +|catsj,
||c||tcct H|. ||+a |aa |aaj, \t|acta|+| ca|acc| H|. l|+a ||a| |+|j, t|c ta |+ttc|
+s st||| c| aaa, ast +aaat J1, caac|+tc1 |t| c+c| at|c|s. l|c |+s caat|aaaas|
caac|+tc1 |a t||cc aa|c |+|c| |accts +a1 aac |+s acca aac |ata ac|a.
|+|t| +a1 1ctc|a|a+t|aa, +ss|aa +a1 caa|+c, t|csc c|c t|c aast |aa|t+at
t||as t|+t | |+c |c+|ac1 ||aa t|ca. lca c+|s |s aat + |aa t|ac aat |t |s caaa|
87
|+a 1c c+a a|+a a||ca 1|ca ||| c|aa ta| t|c tac taea t+c e| a|+a + e| aa| a|+,
saa t|aa aa, c||a| sa+ aa + ta c||a| sa+ a+a t|+a. a| a|+ a+ ||aa caa 1ea
t|a+a |+ aat +t t|c i+ 1aa e| ||a| t|ac + ||aa |+a. |a |+ ae| c|+t c|a+ a||ca
| ac, t|+t a|a| 1| + +a a|, ||aa + aat +a taea a+a| ac |aet a+ |+ |+a
a|a+a a|+t t|e|. |a |+ 1|ca a+ ||ca t|ac c|+a t|+t c+a 1ca, ||aa t|e| t|+a, ||aa
1+a| |a+ c+a iac, c|| |+ aat sa t|aca c+a |+a 1|.
\+|aa|aasc, aat aa| a|+ a|a |at t|aa t|aa 1a t|| |aa |ea, aaec ||e|
1+a ca+ taea ta a|aa aae| a|a| t|aea a|+t, taea c aat 1+a tac |ct ta
caea, c a|aa c+ a|+a |+a 1|, saa a+a| ac + ||aa se |+|, ||aa ||a+a a|aea
a|aa 1+ |aa a+a 1aa.
la| 1+ t|aea t|+a| t|aa aa| a|+ a+ + a|+a |+ |+a ||ca t|ac |+ sa
t|aca c+a. |a| |aa 1+ |a c|aa ta| ta| + a|aa aae| a+a ||ca t|ac sa t|+a
t||ctj ||ca 1aec |+a ||ca t|ac sa + a|c s| |+ a|aa aae| t|aca c+a |aa. taac
saa ca+ c|aa ta| t|+a 1+ c+a |aa aca a| a+ t|e| |+a.
\a t|aca c+a t|c 1|ca. 1a |+ 1|ca cat |a|.
|l\. aca |ac |+a la+a
ta |c+||ic a+a t||as |ca c |+s caat|aaaas| |atc|+ctc1 |t| c+c| at|c|s +a1 |t|
t|c |aasc, |||a |a |t, aa1|||a |t +a1 aa1|||a aa|sc|cs. l||s |aasc |s aat + s|a|
caast|actc1 cat|t |t| |a|a +a1 s+cc. |t |s + |+cc ||||c1 |t| acaa||cs, s|a|c +a1
|+a|||+|, |t|aat st|aa |a|css|aa a| t|+as|cat a|a+acat. l|+t |s |+t t|c |c+| +|c||tcc
ta|c acc1s, aa |+s||aa, aa t|c+t|a caat|aa, ast aa| t|c s|a|c |as||+t|aa.
\+|aa|aasc, + sa+|| aa||1|a |as|1c + +st a|a+a, t|c ac|aa|a a| t|c |1c+s
||aa t|c aa|a+| ca|c t|c |1c+s +aaat |cta+acsc sc|||a|acacat, +aaat t|c |a1|
|1a+|s ||c s|a|, st|aa| |t|aat |c+|, |t|aat caa|aa|sc aat |a|| a| cac|as|t.
| |+c |aa a |t||a t||s aa||1|a +a1 |c+||ic1 t|+t +|c||tccta|c |s |as||+
t|aa. H|. |aa |+s |c|c1 as | +a1 a |c||a +|c||tcctsj ta aa1c|st+a1 t|+t +|c||tccts
+a1 +|t|sts +|c ca|c |a |as||c. a| |||c +|c |a||||||c1 a| ca1a||a |as||+t|aa t||aa|
t|ac.
l|c |as||+t|aa caat|aacs. t|+t |s t|c csscacc.
||c|. aca |ac |+a la+a
Cc hnh nh SaiGon House:
Gc nhn trn ng Hong Diu.
Images of SaiGon House:
View from the Hoang Dieu Street
88
Mt bng cc tng
The floor plans.
89
90
0 ||a ac a+, ta e t|ca c+a, a|aa +a| s+a + |a 1aec 1a+ +a a|+
t|aa a+ |e a aca a+|, e 1+ |+ |+| |e ||ca, aat |e ||ca t|aa aca aa+| +
|e ||ca ae aca t|aa. C|a sc 1aec 1a+ +a a|+ a+ sa ||a| 1aa ca+ |+| |e ||ca
a+. |ct |e t|aa a+ |ca t|e|, t|aa t+a ca+ aa| a|+. |a t|+a| aca aa+| 1aec
|a+| aa |a+a ta+a.
l|aa t+a c+a |a |+ ||a+a s+a t|aa, ae| 1+ c|| ca +a| s+a + |a. t+c
|aa aa 1ca |aea +a s+a t|aa. l|aa a+ sa ||a| 1aa |+| |e ca+ ||ca + |e
|+a a, ||aa |+a ca |ac |+ 1aec a+a c||+ |a+a ta+a, ca |ac |+ t|+ t|a+a, |a+c
ae |a+a ta+a +a aca t|aa.
Ha| aae| t|aa |aa ca t|c |+a 1| ta| t||ca sa ||ca ta ca+ a|a| ||aa!
ae| t+ ca t|c |+a t|c aa| |ac aa| ae|, ||ca a|ct c|| |+ a|aa |ac c+a t||ct, |ac
a|| ae|. ||| |a+ c|aa caa aae| ca t|c c|+a sac a|+a |ea ||aa!... t+| ta| a|
sa| aea.
||t|aa| |t |s a ||| aa t|c +||, +|| +a1 |a1 c+a ac |cscatc1 |ata t|c
++|tacat t||aa| ||ci|a|c s|c||. ||ci|a|c s|c|| |s + caaa|a+t|aa a| + scct||aa|
|+ss aats|1c +a1 + aaa scc t||aa| |+ss |as|1c. Wc c+a |cscat +|| +a1 |a1 |ata t|c
++|tacat a +1ast|a t||s ||ci|a|c s|c||. taaa|a|a t||s s|c|| |t| t|c +t||aa. ||| t|c
aa|sc aats|1c ||| ac c+acc|c1 aat.
l|c ccatc| a| t|c ++|tacat ||| ac t|c +t||aa ||c| aa| |+c |||t +a1
|a1. ||| t|c s|cc|a |aaas ||| |+cc t||s +t||aa. l||aa| t|c ||ci|a|||t a| t|c s|c|| +a1
+ aa1ca |+c|, t|c s+ccs a| t|c ++|tacat ||| ac |a|1c1 |t| + aaa1 a| c|t|c|
aca ta+|1 t|c +t||aa, caa|ctc| sc+|+tc a| |+||| aca|+|| sc+|+tc.
t+a acca|c|s a| t|c |aaa a|a|a|ic t|c|| ||+c! l|c +|c +a|c ta caaaa
a|c+tc +t cc| aaacat cc||c|c. |||+c |s aa| acccss+| |||c acc1c1 +a1 |cst|a.
t+a |a1||1a+|s t+|c c+|c a| c+c| at|c| acttc| |ca t|c aca |a|+|1 at|c|s!... |a
|s ci+a|ac1.
91
Mt bng lu 6: Thit k ci to ni tht lu 6.
The sixth floor plan: Renovation Design in the sixth floor interior
Gc nhn khng gian bn trong: Lp mn lam g mm mi
v khong sn trong
View of inside space: the wooden flexible shell and the atrium
92
NHA
CHU VNH
unCle Vinhs
house
Din tch khu t
100 m
2
Tng din tch xy dng
450 m
2
Ch u t
Gia dinh o ng Vinh
a im
S96 dud ng Hoa ng Die u
O.4, Tp. HCM
Site area
100 m
2
Gross Floor area
450 m
2
Client/Owner
Mr. Vinhs family
Location
386-388 hoang Dieu str.,
Dist. 4, hCMC
Chu da u tu & su hie u bie t
Hat c|a 1+a ta ca t|c |+ aat aae| ||ca a|ct, |a a|ct |+t a||ca |a+c ca t|c
|+ aat aae| ||aa a|ct | c+.
Chu Vinh
|+ aat aae| ||aa a|ct | c ||ca t|ac. l|aa saat a+ t||a| t||ct |c aa
t+ ||aa ||ca | a||ca, c|| ca c+a aa| t+a aat |+ 1|a| e, ca J |a |+ 1|a|, +
t+a t|ct c|a t|ac 1c ||a| 1a+a|.
Tho a ma n
||| caa t||a| |a+a t|+a|, aa| t|a 1ca 1+t 1aec a|a 1a 1|a|, ||a| ||a|
aca aa+| ||aa |+a aca t|aa. Ha| t|a 1ca 1aec t|a+ a+a. |ac a+ c|a a|+ c|a+
+a sa 1aa.
Ca m do
a |a| 1+ |ea taa|, caac saa ca+ aa a| +a +a| ae| aat t|a aca
||| aa| a|+ ca sa ||ca 1|ca ca+ aa caa a+a |+ sa +a +a| 1a. a| t|+t ca+
aa| a|+ 1+ |a+a ta+a a|ca 1a|. ||| ta| a+ |+| 1a, aat c+a |a| ia+t ||ca |+. ||aa
a|ct a|a c+a c ||aa |+a saa ca+ aae| t+ |+ t|c a+a! e| sa 1aa a+, s|a| |a+t
a+, t|| ta| ca 1+ aa caa ||aa t|c 1aec, caa t+a t|ct ae| ||a| 1a+a| t|| |+|
|aa aat aae| 1c 1aa 1ae| 1aa saa ||ca |ac.
Na m 2009
)a+ t|+t, |ac a+ aae| 1c 1+ t+a a|a| t|aa 1aa saa ||ca |ac.
The investor & his knowledge
|a |acsta| c+a ac +a aa1c|st+a1|a c|saa, t|c a||t ac saacaac |a
c|t|c| |aas + |at a| 1acs aat |aa +at||a.
Uncle Vinh
W|a 1acs aat |aa +at||a +aaat +|c||tccta|c. |a||a t|c 1cs|a|a
|accss, |c 1|1 aat caaacat aac|, cicct |a| |ca|||a t|c ||a|t a| + |+a||/||aa| |a
t|c tat+| a| J |aasc|a|1s, +a1 + |aaa1 ||aa| |a| |cat.
The satisfaction
W|ca t|c a|| +s caa|ctc1, cc|t||a +s +c||cc1 +s cicctc1, t|c
|a+c ||aa |as|1c ta aats|1c s+cc c|c +|| |a|| act. |ct t|c aac| |+1 aat asc1.
Being tempted
H|. |a| |s +a a|1 a+a, ||s |||c |s |+aatc1 a saact||a... |ca t|c
|aasc |+s ||s |cscat, |t +|sa |+s ||s aascss|aa. |atc||a| |a|a|ta|c a| t|c |aasc +s
caa|ctc| c|+ac1. W|ca | c+ac a+c|, + acst|aa +c+|s |a a a|a1. W|+t |s t|c
1ca+a1 t|+t ca|c cicct |a| t|c|| |||a s+cc! W|t| t||s asc +a1 1+|| |aat|ac,
|+|1| c+a | s+t|s| t|c |ca||cacats, cscc|+|| t|c |aaa1 ||aa| |c|c t|c |aa t|c
aas|acss |s ast s|a||+| ta + ac+at||a| |+1 st+a1|a acit ta |a |ac ||c|.
2009
|a1cc1, +t t||s t|ac t|c ac+at||a| |+1 +s t|a| a+t||a |c|sc|| |a |a
|ac ||c|.
95
Vo ha n
l+a ||a| |ac a+ 1+ ca |aea aea |+ 1c |+t t||ca, 1c ||aa |ct t|ac.
Kie n Tru c va gid i ha n
||ca t|ac |aa a|a a+| |+t t|a+a a+ c|a aae| sa 1aa + aae| a+a
a||a aa. l|ac sa ||aa |+| act 1aec | c+ + t+| s+a |+| |+| |+| act 1aec |!.
Kie n tru c Vnh cu u
|+ aat a+a 1|ca t|+a aa c|a ||ca t|ac a|aa caa ca c+| |+ ca+ aa.
||| 1a ||ca t|ac taa t+| e 1a + caa aae| +a t|a| 1|...
Unlimited
\|+|a aa |+s acttc| 1||cct|aas |a| 1cc|aacat, aat ta ca1.
Architecture and limitations
||c||tccta|c |s |||c aas|c |a| ca|c ta caa +a1 ca|c ta |c|c. l|c|c |s
aa sa|at|aa aat |+t |a|!
Eternal architecture
| c| +aa|t|aas a|at a| |c |a| +|c||tccta|c, ct t|c|c +|c st||| +1+a
t+cs. |t |s |ca t|c +|c||tccta|c ci|sts |a|cc| |||c ca|c st||| c|+sc...
97
Mt ng v cc mt ct
Mt bng cc tng
Cc gc nhn t bn trong
Elevation and Sections
Plans of the floors
Images inside the house
98
100
Cc gc nhn bn ngoi ngi nh
Outside images of the house
NHA TD
My hoMe
Din tch khu t
60m
2
Tng din tch xy dng
115 m
2
a im
S87j1S Le u c Tho , P.16
O. Go Va p, Tp. HCM
Site area
60 m
2
Gross Floor area
115 m
2
Location
387/13 Le uc Tho, Ward 16,
go Vap Dist, hCMC.
l|ac |+ aa| a|+ a+ 1aec t||ct |c 1+a| c|a aat aae| e. l|aa t+a aa|
a|+ |+ a+a t|e|, ||a+a s|a| |a+t, c+ i+a| + a+t 1+t. ||a aea aca t|aa a+ a|a
|+ |aa a||ct 1e|, 1|ca 1a ||+c e| ||a+a ||aa t|aa |aa t|aa aa| a|+ |iaa+
ca+ |a1a. Ha| s|a| |a+t 1|ca |+ a+a| aea a|a |+a 1+t, t|aa c+, a+a a||a aa |ea
|ca, + a|aa |a+| c+ t||c| |e c|a a+, aa sc saa saa a+a.
l+c| a|ct e| aca aa+|, 1a e | t|| a+a 1| aa+ t|| aca aa+| a+ a||ca a
a||ca, a|aa +a t|+a| ||aa ||ca |c e| a|aa s|a| |a+t aca t|aa aa| a|+, +a| s+a
t+, c|| ca a+a |aea |a |+ 1aec |aaa +a t+a t|ct a+ aat |e 1ca e t|aec.
l|aa a+ ||a+a t|aa, t||ca a||ca 1aec |a| ta 1+ 1a. |a, aa+, +a| s+a.
taac saa a+a| ||a aea. aat c+c| ta a||ca, c|a t|+ sa t|c aa| e| aaaa caa
aae|, ae| t+ 1aec s|a| |+. a caa |+t s|a| |+ a|aa a+t t|ca t|aea t|a| t|aa s|a|
|a+t, ||aa +a 1c |, | ta| ca aca saa t|aa t|ca a|| 1+a, t|+t a+ a+a!
Tro ng kho ng
||ca a|ct 1c 1aec t|a| |+a.
l||ca a||ca |+ 1a| taea 1c 1aec |+a t|c.
a| a|+ c|| |+ c+a t|ac ||aa i+ 1aa ce a+a 1c i+ 1aa ||aa |+a.
l|+a t|| ||aa taa t+| e 1+. l|+a t|| a|a ca i+ 1aa a|ca taea, a|ca taea t||
a a||+.
Ca y xanh
||a a |+ | a|c a tae a, aa c|| |+ c+ | c+ + |+ | 1ae c sa a saa a+ a.
Bu c tud ng
taa ||aa |+| a|ca taea, aa c|| |e| |+a ||aa |+a + aa a ||a| c+a tat.
|a |+ct, t|c |aasc +s 1cs|ac1 |a| aac c|saa. l|c ccatc| a| t|c |aasc |aa|s
a ta t|c s|, |t |s + s+cc |a| |c|+i+t|aa |t| |cca t|ccs +a1 + a+ta|+| |aaa1. l|c
+|1ca sccas |||c + |+|a |a|cst, sa 1|||c|cat ||aa t|c cat s+cc |a |a1as |iaa+
|aasc. ||| +ct||t|cs +|c t+|ca |+cc +|aaa1 t|c +|1ca sac| +s |c|t|||i|a, |+at|a t|ccs,
+tc||a t|ca |a, +a1 t|c t|ccs ||c| |a st|aa| ||| sa||c c| c||.
l|c |aasc |s sc+|+tc1 ||aa t|c aats|1c |c|c t|c|c |s taa aac| a||at|aa,
t|c|c |s +aaa|a saaa1s aat |c|+t|a ta t|c |as|1c a| t|c |aasc, t|c|c |s a|scc||+acaas
|||t, cicct |a| t|c |a1 cac| ||a|a |ata t|c |aaa1 ||aa| t||aa| + |+c| a| ||aat
aa||c|.
W|t| t|c s+cc 1cs|ac1, a+ta|c |s + |a|| caac|cacc a| |a1, |+|a +a1 |||t.
|||c |a t|c +|1ca |s sa a+ta|+|, caaacct|a ta t|c |aa+a a|||a |c|c c c|c aa|a.
l|c|c |s +|sa +||s|a |acaaca|cacc a| 1+|| +ct||t|cs, aat aa |aa|ca +t +|| acc+asc |
+a aat asc1 ta |||a |a sac| c|c+at |+c|||t|cs, |ts sa |ac|!
The emptiness
\c+|+tc|, ta ac s||cacc.
+ta|c |s t|c +a1|cacc ta caaaaa|c+tc |t|.
l|c |aasc |s aa| + st|acta|+| ||+ac a| caast|act|aa ta aa||1 t|c s+cc.
|cca|+t|aa 1acs aat ci|st |c|c. |cca|+t|a |s ta aa||1 saaa|s, aat t|c saaa|s a+ ac
ac+a|a|css.
The green trees
at + saaa|, t|c +|c ast a+ta|+| t|ccs +a1 aast ||c st|aa|.
The walls
103
Sd hu u
ta t|c ||aa se |aa 1aec ||aa!! l|aa caa ca t|c +a a|+ a+t ca |ac a+a, t|aa
a+ aea, aca t|aa a|+ ||aa | ca |+ t||, c+a |+c a+t a+c caa ||aa caa. \e
|aa |+ |+a aaac, + aa caa 1| 1a| e| se |+|.
Tu do
e| ||aa t|c taa t+| caa se |aa, |+a aaac + se |+|.
Ngo i nha cho gia dinh nho
ae| t+ ca t|c se |aa t|+t ta| t||ca 1aec ||aa. \e |aa c|| 1a c|a a|aa ||ca
ta c+a t||ct!
at + saaa| c|t|c|, |t |s aa| + ||a|t+t|aa +a1 |ts acttc| ta ac +s |a|s|a|c +s ass|a|c.
The property
\|+|| |t aat ac aac1! l|c|t c+a a|c+| |ata +t +at|ac, t||aa| t|c +|1ca, sa t|c|c
s|aa|1 aat ac +|a+a|c t||as t|+t t|c|c |s aa |cc||a a| |ast. ||ac|t |s a|a1|a, +a1 |t
+|sa caacs |t| |c+|.
Freedom
W|c|c |t c+a aat ci|st |t| |ac|t, a|a1|a +a1 |c+|.
A house for a small family
|t a||t ac + aa1 |1c+ aat ta aa +s aac| +s t|c c+a. ||ac|t s|aa|1 ac ast
caaa| ta |cc ||+c!
104
Mt khu vn pht trin sung mn. Bc nh
c chp t chnh phng ng ca ti.
The garden with plants are growing up . This
picture was taken from my bedroom.
105
Lp mn lam g trong khu vn.
ng sau l cn phng ca cc con ti.
The wooden louver in the garden. Behind
the wooden louver in the garden is my
childrens room
Cc mt bng, mt ct, v mt ng
Plans, section and elevation
106
107
108
CHUNG CU
113
Ma t do cao
+a 111. )a |a+c| |ac a+ +a t|ca |a| ca ia+, +a a+a t|ca aat a+t 1+t
ce a+a. Ha| ||a ac a| c||+ c+t, |+a |+a| |+c| |a|, + |a| a|aa a|+ c+a t+a, a|aa
a+t |+a a+a a+a 1aec 1+t c|aa |ca t|ca |+a | 1+ 1aec a| 1|a| ca+ a+t 1+t
ce a+a 1a. |ac a+ caa aae| a| c||+ c+t s|a| |a+t e aca t|ca, aa| t|a 1aea a|a c||
1aec |a+ a|+ t+| a+t 1+t ce a+a + ae| 1a |+| a| t|aea a+| |a+ |a+a ta+a.
l+| s+a c+c t+a t|ca ||aa a| c||+ c+t |a+a ta+a, a| c||+ c+t ||a| a+t 1+t
aca 1ae| + a| c||+ c+t |+a a|+a! + ia+, e t+| aa ac, a|+ |+a, aat t|a+t aa
t|aa t|aea 1aec sa 1aa 1c +a c|| c|a aa| a|+ ca t+a, a|a t|c |+ aat 1|ca |
1a ae| |+, aat |a| saa ae| + i+ |+ e| |aj, + |a c|| t|+ ia+t ||ca t|aa a|aa
1a t|| 1aa aae|. |a 1+ aa| |+a t+| s+a aae| ||+c |+| e t|ca 1+a ca+ a|a|. + |a|
c|+a a+a |+a s+a, |a t|+ 1+ |+ aat 1|ca a|a| t|aea, caa |aa a|a c+a aet t|+
1a| ta 1a c |+a t|aa. l+| s+a caa aae| +a caa ta 1a saa t|ca a+t 1+t ce a+a.
|a ca a|+ |+a 1+ a|aa +a a+a t|aa |+a | a+t 1+t ce a+a.
t|aa ca |+ |e |, caa aae| |+ c|aa, t+t a||ca sa |e | caa e aac
1a a+ |+|. \aa t+ t|aa 1c t|+ |+| a+t 1+t ta a||ca.
+a 1c a+ 1aec 1+t |+ t|aa caac t|| |a ||a |a ||+a|, )., l|+a| |a |a
t|| H|a|, |ct +a. l|ca a| 1|a| t|| c|aa ca a+ |ac a+ |a caa a+a a|ca |+
1ea aaca |c |+|j a+a c+a| a|+a, c+c| a|+a aat caa 1aea. |ca c+a 1+t |+ |+
t||ct |c aat c|aa ca 1ac |+ t|ca aa| |a 1+t + |aa a|+a. Hat c|aa ca 1 t+a
e| 1|ca t|c| 1+t |+t a|a t|| a|aa c+a |a aca t|ca a| c||+ c+t |a+a ta+a. la| 1+ 1c
ia+t aat c|aa ca |ct aa| ||a 1+t 1ac |+ a+ aca 1ae| +a 1a t|| caa 1aea
|+a t|aa a|a| t|aea. |+| ||a| a|+ saa saa a|+a |ct aa| ae| ||a| caa caa +
s+a s|a| |a+t caa 1aa aca t|ca, t+a t|+a| aat a+t 1+t t|a , + t||ca a||ca
c||ca a+t 1a |+t a||ca t|ca |aea a+a t|ca ta+ a|+ a+.
|+ |+ +a 1c t|+c| t|ac |ea c a| |a+c| + a| 1|a| ||ca t|e| e t+| |ct
+a. |c a|| ca+ ta| ||aa 1aec c|+ a|+a.
|ac a+ |a a+a t+a t|a+a ta aat +a 1c |+ ||ca a+ s+a a+a 1aec,caac
saa ca+ ca 1+a t+| ta+ a|+ +a a|a 1aec t|a| t|ca c+c| c||+ |aa, aa| c|aa a|aa
ca ta c t||ca a||ca + s|a| |a+t caa 1aa a| aa 1| |a+a ta+a. |aa a| 1|a| |+c
|+a |e t+c e| a|aa ta taea ||a| 1a+a| t|a+a ta a+t 1aa s+a 1+ t+a |+ a|aa
||aa |+a e a+t 1a c+a, a| aa |ea t|aa 1a t|| t|+t |+ ||aa |||c!
la| a|ct |+a a|aa c|aa ca a+ sc |a+a| |+a| 1a t|| |ct +a |+t
High density
l|c c+| 111. t|c sc|cac |a||ac1 t|c a|1 st|c +a1 st||| ||c1 aa + a+s|c
|aaa1. ||| a| t|c +|c+s c|c c|c+|| 1||1c1 +s c|| +s sc+|+tc1 |t| aa|1c|s, aat
t|ca t|c aa||1|as, t|c |a||iaat+| ||+t sa||+ccs c|c |+cc1 aa t|c a+s|c |+a1s scac
1c||ac1 |c|aas|. |t ac+as ca|c |+1 t|c|| 1+|| +ct||t|cs |sa|+tc1 a +aac, cc|
t||a sccac1 ta |cc +cc |t| c+c| at|c| aa| 1aa aa t|c a+s|c |aaa1 |c|c +s
caaac|c|+||ic1 caa|ctc|.
W| c|cat t|c ||aa|s +aac 1||1c1 caa|ctc|, 1||1c1 ||aa t|c |aaa1
ac|a +a1 1||1c1 ||aa c+c| at|c|! |a t|c +st, |a t|c caaat|, a|+ |+a, t|c aa|+|
tc|a +s asc1 ta |c|c| |aascs |t| ||aa|s, ta t|ca, t|c c|c saact||a ac, + ac
st|+ac |||cst|c ||c| t|c aa| |+1 scca |a c|a1c1 a|a+a +|c+s. l|c s+|1 t|+t |
ca|c |||a aa ta t|ca. |at saaa |+tc|, t|c caas|1c|c1 |t aa|a+|, ast |||c ac|+ss
a||1cs |+1 |a|ac1 t|c t|+asa|t+t|aa. W| 1a ca|c st||| caas|1c| |||a aa t|c
|aaa1 a+s|c+||! l|c 1a |+c |aascs |t| ||aa|s |acc| st||| |ac+tc1 aa t|c |aaa1.
|+|tacat |s |c+saa+a|c, a| caa|sc aa| ta saac cit|act. C+t|c||a |s ta
s+c t|c a+ta|+| |aaa1s sa||+cc.
l|c |ssac +s sct aat |a |a ||a |a ||+a| caact|t|aa |a 1|st||ct , |tHt,
|cta+a. |cca|1|a ta t|c |ca|+t|aas, t|csc ta aa||1|as t|ca t|c st||| |c+||ic1 t|c
a|a|aa t|+t t|c |+1 acca caaacctc1 ||aa ac|a sa||t+|j c|c |ac+tc1 acit ta c+c|
at|c| +a1 sc+|+tc1 a + +t|. l|c |ca||cacat +s ta 1cs|a +a |a1cca1cat aa||1|a
aa c+c| |at +a1 t|c |+1 ta |aa| +|||c. | aa||1|a a| 1 ||aa|s |t| + c| sa+|| +|c+
aa|1 |+c |ts ++|tacats caa|ctc| 1||1c1. | sacstc1 + aa||1|a caaacct|a t|c
|a1cca1cat |ats aat st||| a+|at+|a|a t|c t|+|||c aa|a+|| aa1c| t|c +t|. l|c t|a aa||1
|a +|+||c| caaacctc1 tact|c| a t|c aa||c +a1 caaaaa|t +ct||t|cs +aac, c|c+t|a
+aat|c| |aaa1, +a1 t|c a+ta|c +|aast acca|c1 |a||iaat+|| aa t|c aa||1|a.
l||s +s + t|ac c|+||cac a| |+aa|a +a1 |ca|+t|aas ca||cat| |a |cta+a.
H |aas+| +s aat +ccctc1.
|t t|+t aaacat, t|c c|c aa| |atc|cstc1 |a t|c c||cct a| t|+1|a ||aa|. ||cs
a| |cs|1cats sccac1 ta ac 1||1c1 |ata ++|tacats |sa|+tc1|, |a cac|+|, t|c |+cta|s
a| a+ta|c +a1 caaaaa|t +ct||t|cs c|c |caac1 caa|ctc|. l|c a|1 |ca|+t|aas |t|
caaac|c|+| t|aa|ts |a |c+| cst+tc tact|c| |+1 c|c+tc1 ||cs |a |||c| s+cc +a1 |+|c
sc+|c |a a|a+a +|c+s. |t +s tc|||a|c!
| |aa t|+t t|csc aa||1|as aa|1 ac |||c |a t|c a|a+a +|c+s |a |cta+a |a|
sac| + |aa t|ac.
114
|+a.
Bi d thi chung c An Ph An Khnh.
The competition of
An Phu An Khanh Apartment
115
Bi d thi chung c An Ph An Khnh.
The competition of
An Phu An Khanh Apartment
116
117
Ma t do xa y du ng & thie n nhie n
l+| s+a a| 1|a| +a ca a+a t|a aa a+a t|ca a+t 1a i+ 1aa a+t 1+t.
e| aat sac c, c a+t 1a, c c||ca c+a c|a |c, c s+a i+ 1aa ta| 1+, c |c sa
sa 1aa 1+t, + t|| ||ca t|ac e 1+a! ||ca t|ac a+a e ||c ca+ a|aa sac c 1a, aa
sc ca t+a |+ aat a+t a+a |e |, t|a+a ta caa a+a + ||ca a+ s+a sa 1aa. H+t
1aa 1aec t|+a c|aat 1ac |a c|a t |c + |ct. |ac a+ ||ca l|ac \a |aa a|a aae| t|e
|a a+ +| |+a caa 1aec, c|| c+a aat | a+a c 1c. t+a |+| 1a+ |+ aat a+t 1a
t||ca a||ca t|aa ||aa |+a, ta| aaaa aa| aat taa t|c a|ca ||ca t|aa ||aa |+a
c|a ||aa 1ea t|a+a t|ca a+t 1+t ce a+a. H+t 1a i+ 1aa ca t|c 1+ |ca c+a |ea
+ a+t 1a t||ca a||ca t|ca ta+ a|+ |ca 1ca 1/ J1/ sa e| 1|ca t|c| s+a i+
1aa, ||| 1a ||aa caa 1ea t|a+a |+ caa sa a|ca ||ca t |c a+a t|a ca+ ||a| ac taa
+ a+t 1+t ce a+a a+ caa c|a t|+ a||ca a+t 1+t saa saa a|+a.
Building density and the nature
W| +|c |ca|+t|aas st||| a||a1| |+cc1 aa aa||1|a 1cas|t a| |+a1! W|t| sac|
+ |cssa|c aa t|c 1cas|t, t|c a+i|aaa |c||t +||ac1 a| t|c aa||1|a, t|c cac|||c|cat
a| t|c |+a1 asc, aat |a +aaat t|c +|c||tccta|c! l|c +|c||tccta|c |s |a t|c s|at a| t|c
|cssa|c, |t ||| c|c+tc + a+|+acc a| s+cc, + a|c |a1act||t +a1 +a c||cct|c asc. l|c
c|t|c+| sa||+cc |s c+|c1 +cca|1|a| ta t|c |+tc +a1 t|+ts +|| +aaat. |t t||s st+tc, t|c
+|c||tccts +|c |||c +ss|+t+ats |a ast acc1 + aa1 1|+|a s||||. l|c|c s|aa|1 ac |ca
+ a+ta|c 1cas|t |a s+cc, ||c| | +at ta s+ |s +s + |a|c tact|c| |cscatc1 |+t|c|
t|+a aa| aa t|c a+s|c |aaa1. |a||1|a 1cas|t c+a ac as|c1 a +a1 a+ta|c 1cas|t
a| t|c aa||1|a a ta 1/ J1/ caa+|c1 ta t|c +|c+ a| caat|actc1 ||aa|. l|ca |t |s
aat aa| + s|a|c aaaac| |a1|c+t|a t|c |aa|t|aa a| t|c caac|ctc a|ac|s t+||a |a|1
a| t|c |aaa1, aat |t +|sa 1caaast|+tcs +|+||c| |aaa1s.
118
Bi d thi Chung c Gia Ha
The competition of Gia Hoa Apartment
119
Ld p vo me m ma i
l||ca a||ca t|| |aaa ||+c a||ct, caa aae| t|| saa t|aa a|aa |+a | aa
1|a| + +a ta+a a+a 1a. a| a|+ aa c|a t|+ |a c|ac a+a 1a. |a |a| saa caa aae|
ca a|a t|c a+a, 1a ||ca t+| |+ a|ca 1a| c s+a, t|| a+t |+a a+a a+a + |e a
a+a aac ||aa t|c a+t 1|.l|aa t||ca a||ca ca a||ca ca ta, e| a|aa ca c+a ca t|c
|e a ||ca t|ac 1aec 1|ca c||a| ||a| 1aa 1c |+ t|a a+a |aea. |e a |+| 1aec
||a| 1aa 1|ca c||a| | t||ca a||ca |aaa t|+ 1a| a|aa caa aae| ||aa t|c t||c| a||
||ca tac a|a +. |+ |+ c+c| |a+ a|+ e| t||ca a||ca aat c+c| a+a 1aa, ca t|c |e
a a+ c|| a|+a aat +a| s+a 1|a, aat a+a |aea ||aa ||| s+c|.
|+ 1+a |+a aa ac c|a t|+ |+t |a+ a|+ e| t||ca a||ca, c|| e| 1|ca
||ca 1+t ||aa a| |e| |+a + a|a c+a caac saa ta t||ca a||ca. |+a ||ca c|a t|+
|a act a|+t c+c| |a |+ t|a t||ca a||ca.
0 1a t|| 1+t |c + c+c sac c c ||a| tc caa t|ca |cc |+| +a sac a+a|
ca+ | t|a+t a+ aac, 1c |+| act c+c +a 1c c aa| t|aea saa t|aa ta+ a|+,
1|ca a+ |a |+a c|a t|+ |+a a+ |ea |+a. ||aa |+| c+c| a+ |+ c+c| ||+ a+ c+a
|+| ca sa ||a| 1aa, c+a e aa a|aa |+a aaac.
Ca i do ng nha t
l+| s+a c|aa t+ |+| ca +a t+a aca c+c a|ca taea! ||ca a+ c|a t|+ |!
ta |+| |+ ca +a ||+a 1|a| aat 1|ca | 1a, ||+a 1|a| +a |a+ ca+ ta|, ||+a 1|a|
1+a tac ca+ c|aa ta|,! l+| s+a c|aa t+ |aaa t+ t|aa +a aat 1|ca a+a 1a, c|aa
t+ 1+ 1aec 1+a t+a t|ca sa |+a c||+ a+a 1a, t|ca cac aa, t|ca c+c |+a| |e| aca
c|aa t+ t+a |+ aa| t|a t|ca c||ca |aea 1a. ||+a c||+, c||+ c+t |+ c+| |+ t+a.
||ca taea |+ aat sa +a +a|, |+ c+| |+a aaac. /aa a+a| c|aa t+ 1+
|+ a|aa a|ca taea, + c|aa t+ +a 1+a t+a |+ a|aa a|ca taea ae| a+ c|aa
t+ aa| |+ a|aa s+a t+a, a|a + t|ac sa ca s+a t+a ! ||| e t|aec a+t a|ca |+a
s+a |+a a|ct 1aec taa |at aaec, ||a| 1+a ca+ aa |+ |! ||| 1a| 1|ca e| aat ||a
|aa, c|aa t+ ca t|c a|+t |+ taa c+ ||aa, 1|ca 1a a+ |+ ||aa c+a t||ct, c|aa
t+ caa ||aa a|+a 1+a 1aec ||a| 1+a ca+ aa a|a t|c a+a. |a c||a| |+ t|a| 1aa
a|+t t|aa ta a||ca.
t|aa t+ ca 1aa a|+t |+ t|| ||ca t|ac ae| ca sa 1aa a|+t. |aa a|+t
||aa |+| |+ t||c| a||, t||ca c|aaa + 1+ aa c+a ||aa |+| |+ 1aa a|+t.
||ca t|ac ca t|c c|| taa t+| e 1+a | ||ca t|a| ||aa! | ||ca ||aa |+| |+ a|ca
taea, | ||ca c|| |+ |aea t|ca 1c |+a t|c. |+t ce a+a t|| a|a a|+a + c+a t|ac
The flexible cover
+ta|c |s +|+s |+|s|, ca|c +|c |||a |a t|asc +|c+s a| st+a|||t +a1
scca||t. l|c |aasc |tsc|| ci|a|cs t|+t |aact|aa. |acc| t|c |||cst|c |s, |ct|c| aa
a| |+tc| || t|c|c |s +a c|+ac, t|c |a||iaat+| ||+t sa||+cc +a1 t|c sa||aaa1|a cac|
c+a acc| ac |caac1. +ta|c |ac|a1cs a+a |+cta|s, |t| sac| |cacsts, +|c||tccta|+|
cac| |s ||ci|a| +1astc1 ta +asa|a cac|. |t aast ac ||ci|a| +1astc1 |a| a+ta|c |s
+|+s c|+a|a, +a1 ca|c c+a aat +1+t sa caat|aaaas|. l||s |s +a +ct|c + a|
|cc|a +cc |t| t|c a+ta|c. l|c cac| a||t aa| |ccc|c + sa|t |||t, +a1 + c|c+a
cac|ct|c +taas|c|c.
l|c aa|+| caaat| |aascs + c| |+|aaa|aas |t| a+ta|c, aa| acc+asc t|c
|+a1 |s aat ||a|tc1 +a1 acc1s a| a+ta|+| |||c. l|c +|t|aasc s|as t|c|| |c|+t|aas||
|t| t|c a+ta|c.
|a a|a+a +|c+s, t|c |+a1 |s sa a+||a |c|c |+s |ats a| |cssa|c a| ccaaaa
+a1 ac|a 1cca1cat ta t|c ac| a| tcc|aa|a +a1 a+c||acs ta sa|c t|c 1|aa|cas
a| |||a ca||aaacat |a t|c aa||1|a, t|csc +cta+|| |c+1 ta sac| caascacaccs. |t |s aat
+aaat ||c| act|a1, t|c|c aast |+c ||ci|a|||t, t|c a|a1|a s|aa|1 ac |caac1.
The unity
W| 1a c +|+s t| ta c|c+tc |caas! W|+t 1acs t||s ac+a! |t |s t||a ta
+ssc|t saact||a sac| +s caa|||a|a aacs ca|ta|c a| ct|a|c |aa ctc...! W| 1a c
+|+s |acas aa aac t||a t|+t c c|c t|+|ac1 |t| t|ca|ct|c+| 1|st||aat|aa a| ast
|a||a|a t|c aa|1c| ta |a1acc cc|t||a +|||c! |a||ci|a|c 1|st||aat|aa +a1 1||s|aa
+|c +||cctc1.
|caa |s + |+aat, + a|a1|a. l|c|c +|c sa a+a |caas +|aaa1, +a1 c +|c
caat|aaaas| c|c+t|a ac |caas ta ac caas|1c|c1 c|c+t||t, |t |s |c+|| c|c+t|c! W|ca
c +|c |a ||aat a| t|c sc+, |a c+a c 1|st|aa|s| c+c| 1|a a| +tc| +a1 1ctc|a|ac
|ts s|+c! | |ca c +|c |a + |a|cst, c+a c |c| aat c+c| t|cc! |t |s aat acccss+|,
c c+a aat |1cat|| |+t s|+c |t |s. l|+t |s t|c aa|t a| a+ta|c.
l|c +|c||tcct ||| |+c |ts aa aa|t +s |aa +s ca|c |+c. |a|t |s aat
+1+t|aa, +||+at| +a1 s+t|s|+ct|aa |s aat caas|1c|c1 + aa|t, c|t|c|. ||c||tccta|c a||t
aa| ci|st +s saaa|s! |a1 saaa|s +|c aat |caas, saaa|s +|c aa| ac+as ta caaaaa|
c+tc. |+s|c+||, t||as +|c s+ac ta c|c+tc t|c |a|c aa|c|sc.
||c||tccta|c 1acs aat aa||1 |caas +a1 |s aat 1|sc||a|a+t|aa a| + 1||s|aa.
120
aca c+ a t|a a+.
||ca t|ac ||aa i+ 1aa aca a|aa a|ca taea, ||aa |+a a|ct, ||aa
c||+ c+t.
121
122
Vn phng Lib.A
Lib.A Office
123
Lp v mm mi
nh sng du xuyn qua nhiu lp trong cn phng.
The Flexible Shell
The soft light through many layers in the room
125
Glass house
Mt bit th c bit nm trong khu du lich Bo i.
Ngi nh nm trn sn ni vch . Trong nh th
nh nhng ci ta nhn th tht ln. N bm cht vo
bng h khung b tng, c bao bc bi lp
lam g, chng lai cn bo a nghch, m bo
c kn o ca chn ring t. H lam ny cng
c th m toang, c c tm nhn rng nht,
nh sng lung linh ca bnh minh xuyn qua n mt
cch nh nhng.
Glass house
This is a special Villa in BaoDai Resort. The house is
standing on the cliff. The inside rooms are small but
because of the design, you might feel very comfort-
able and pleasant. They stick to the cliff by a firm
concretion and stones covered by woody cloak fight-
ing against storms. This kind of cloak can be opened
to achieve a wider view; but it still keeps your privacy
even when the sparkle sun streams split into.
126
127
D n Cao c vn phng NaviBank
Ta nh mang ly mt lp v lam mm mi bao bc bn
ngoi. Mt b mt ng nht, xuyn qua, v nh nhng.
Project Navibank Office
The building has been covered by the soft louver sell. The
unity surface, throughout, and tinny.
Nhng tm li nh c - the fishing nets
128
129
CAD D C CA N HD
CAD CA P
RVER PARK
riVer ParK
luxury
Din tch khu t
4.911 m
2
Tng din tch xy dng
S9.970 m
2
Ch u t
Co ng ty TNHH XD The Minh
a im
Nguye n Va n Hud ng,
P. Tha o ie n, O.2, Tp HCM
Site area
4.911 m
2
Gross Floor area
39.970 m
2
Client/Owner
the Minh Co. ltd.
Location
nguyen Van huong str.,
Thao Dien Ward, Dist. 2, HCMC
la| 1a+ t||ca a||ca t||ct 1c +a taa c+a |a e 1+. e| t+a c+a ! t+a,
ta| a|+a t|+ c|| a|aa c+a |a ta t+a I1 t|e iaaa t|| 1aea a|a |aa e a+t 1+t
ce a+a + 1aec t+a |aea a|aa | ta a+t 1+t a+ a+a |+|, caa a|aa t+a aca
t|ca t|| a+ c+c| a|ct, ta| 1+ 1c ia+t.
l|a a|+t. |a+ c+ +a c+c aea t|ca, a+a +a ta+ a|+ + |aa s+a +a
t+a t|aa c+a |a, ia+t ||ca ta t+a I1 t|e |ca. Ha| c+a |a 1aec t|c iac t|ac t|c e|
t||ca a||ca ta 1ca J a+t aca aa+|.
l|a |+|. \a 1aa aat |e a aca a+|, 1c |ac t||ca a||ca, ca t|c |+
|e |ae| a|aa, + 1+a s+a |+ |e ||ca saat 1c |+a 1|ca 1| aac i+ a+t t|e|, + t|aa
|a c|a 1aa. |e ||ca a+a 1aa 1|ca c||a| sa |+ t|a t||ca a||ca t|ca a|a c+a
+ t|a| t|+a t|e| t|ct t|aa a+.
|ca t|aa ca+ aa| c+a |a 1aec t||ct |c c+c +c| a+a aca a+|, 1c t|a+a
|a, |ct |e e| |e a aca a+|, |+| a+t ca+ c+a |a a|a 1|a 1|, +a + + |e |aa
|a+ ||aa t|aa, t|ca a||ca iaca a+.
|e a |ae| + c+c aea t|ca a+a a||ca t+a c|a ||a| ||ca t|ac sa 1aa a|+t
+ ||a| 1+a a| ia+ a|a+.
0 l|+a| ||a |a t|| H|a| ||ca t+|, aac 1a a a||ca |+t c+a, a+ a+a a|+t
|+ e a|aa ||a ac +a a+t 1+t ta a||ca, c+a |a t|ca c+a ca sa |e | ca+ aa a|aa
c+a |+| a+a| ac 1a+ t||ca a||ca +a. la| t|a c|+c |e a aca a+|, aea t|ca,
c+c +c| a+a aca a+|, sc |+| act 1aec aat c+a |a, |+ t|a t||ca a||ca e|
| +|+s t| ta |cscat a+ta|c |ata cc| s|a|c ++|tacat |a |c|c. | |c+||ic1 t|+t
+|| a| t|c I1t| ||aa| +a1 ac|a |s |c|+t|c| ac+| t|c |aaa1 +a1 t|as saac|a c+a caa
t|c a+ta|c ||aa t|c |aaa1. |acc|, +aac t|c I1t| ||aa|, t|c ++|tacats +|c |sa|+tc1
||aa t|c a+ta|c. \a | |aasc t|c |a||a|a act|a1s.
|||st, c ||| |a c|ccc| aa t|c aa||1|a +a1 a 1cc |ata t|c ++|tacats
||c| ||aa t|c I1t| ||aa|s +a1 +aac. l|c|c ||| ac ta a| t||cc s|1c a| +a ++|tacat
caat+ct |t| t|c a+ta|c a t||s act|a1!
\ccaa1, as|a t||s ||ci|a|c cac|, c c+a a||| t|c a+ta|c. |a| ci+a|c, c
||| ct ||1 a| t|c |c+t +a1 |+1|+t|aa ||aa t|c saa +a1 cat||+tc t|c +|| +ct|c|. l||s
sa+|t |+sscs c+a +1ast t|c +asa|a|a a| a+ta|c a+sc aa 1cs||c +a1 c+t|c| cc| 1+.
|as|1c t|c ++|tacat, t|c|c ||| ac sa|t +|| ta cat||+tc +||. |t ||| +|sa
caaa|ac |t| ||ci|a|c cac| ta |a|1c t|c c+cc|a| +a1 |cca aaa1.
l|c |cca st|acta|c aa t|c |aaa1 +a1 t|asc c|ccc|s aa t|c +|| ||| |caac
t|c |aaast a| t|c st|acta|c +a1 a+|c |t |aa| |||c + aa|c a+ta|c aacct.
|a t|| H|a| t|t |s + c| a||atc c|t +a1 ++|tacats ac+| t|c |aaa1 ||| |+c
c| ||| |cc| a| a||at|aa. \| sc|+c| ++|tacat c+a +a|1 t|c a||at|aa || c |aa |a
ta |cscat a+ta|c |ata aa| aa||1|a. | ac||cc t|+t ||ci|a|c cac|, ||ci|a|c +|| , +a1
c|ccc| ||| |c| |cscat t|c a+ta|c |ata t|c ++|tacat. l|c c+a +|sa cat||+tc +||, |c1acc
t|c aa|sc +a1 a||at|aas. l|c ++|tacat |s +|aast |||c + |||+ aa t|c |aaa1
131
||aa ||| tat, |a ||aa a| c+a t|e a+ 1aec 1|ca t|ct, a a||ca t|ca aa, aa| a+a...j
1aec |+a t||ca. t+a |a a+ t|+t sa taea 1aea aat a|ct t|a t|ca a+t 1+t.
Mt bng trt - mt bng in hnh
Ground floor plan - Standard Floor Plan
132
M hnh - Model
133
M hnh -Model
134
Mt ct ngang - Section
135
137
KE N TRU C
KHD NG GD HA N
unliMiteD arChiteCture
139
Con dud ng
taa 1aea |+t a+a t|aa, c|a ||aa |+| c+a |aa, aa |aa a|a a|aa
sa a||, ta| aaaa aa| 1ca aat 1aa c|+, ||| aa ca t|a| c|+ a|a aat 1aa saa,
||| a|c a|+a, ||| a+a| ac, ||| t|+c 1a |+ aat 1aa saa 1aa 1aa ||ca
a+a t|aa |+ aa ||aa ta 1aa, ||aa |+a a+a, ca t|a| a+, t|a| a+, ae|, ae|.
||| a| a 1aa sc ca cac aa, ca 1e a+a t|c| ta a|a |+ c|+a 1at s+a t+a, c|| caa
c+| ca.
l|aa 1a +a ||a taea a|ca c+c a+ |aa t|c ||ca |a 1|ca a+, aa c||
caa |+ caa 1aea, 1+a 1+t 1a ||+c| ta ae| a+ 1ca ae| ||+, aa| t|a 1ca 1aec iaca
a+, |a| iaca a+. a sc |+ |a| aaa, |+ aca t+a, |+ c+| | 1a 1c c|a a+a ca t|c
iaca a+. |ca c+a e 1+ |+ i+ 1aa aca aat ae| 1c taea a|ca aa a+ ca+ 1+a
tac, ca aat a+a t|a+a |ea |+a e 1+. l+| s+a c|aa t+ |+| c+a i+ 1aa aat taea
1+| aa 1+ c|a | ac! aa| 1aea aa c|+a! |a |+a, aa| | ac 1ca |+ c+| ca, |+
c+| c|ct. |a c|aa t+ ca i+ 1aa aca aat a|ca taea a+a 1a, t|| a+ |+ tac t|e
aca a| |e| |+a, |+a s+a c|aa t+ ca t|c a|ct aat c+| a |+a +a aca t|aa c+|
|aa |+a. Hat a+a t|a+a!
taa 1aea caa| caa e 1+ |+ ||aa ca |. C|aa a|a |ct t|ac aat caa
saa, | t|| ||aa caa |+ 1aa saa, 1|ca caa |+| |+ caa aae|, caa aae| 1aa 1a, |+|
aca |+ |aa c+, t|aec a+t |+ a+t aaec |ca 1+| + a+a t|e|, aat t|a t|+t |ea,
aat ae| ||aa ca |
The Path
l|c +t| |s c| |aa|t+at, aat t|c |aaa, |ts |||c t|aa|t. | +at ta |c|c|
ta + ||a +s saaat| +s + ||c|, saact|acs ac|a cat|c, saact|acs ac|a sa ac||a|. |t
|s |ca t|c +tc||+|| acs 1aa |||c + st+a1|a a ||c|... |t |s |aa|t+at aat ta ac
sta||, aat ta ac +asc1, ast +ss|a +a1 +ss|a |a|+|1... ta ci+a|ac ac +a1 ac
t||as. W|ca |t |s st+a+at, |t |s + |c+| a+ss a| a||, t|c|c ||| ac |ca+|a1c|s, aa+atc1
1||t... +s c|c+t||t |s tc|a|a+tc1, cicct |a| t|c a|1 aacs.
l|c |1c+ |||ast|+tc1 c|c+|| |a t|c |acct a| acaa||+| +|+cc |a| |aa ||as.
|t |s ast +s +a1 |a+1 |c+1 t|c |s|ta| ||aa t||s |+cc ta +aat|c|, cc|t||a |s t||aa|
+a1 t||aa|. |t ||| ac + +t|, + a+s|c, saact||a t|+t c+a ac t||aa|. l|c |ca||c
acat |c|c |s t|+t c c+a aa||1 + |+cc ta |aaa| t|c ||a a| aa| caaat|. l|c|c |s +
a| caa|||ct |c|c. W| 1a c |+c ta aa||1 + st+tas |a| t|c +st! \a t|+t |t c+a |a!
t|c+||, acaa| |s a|1, +a1 1|c1. |ca || c t| ta aa||1 + saaa|, |aac1|+tc| |t |||
accaac ||a|t. |a caa|1 c |+cc +a |a||a|tc |ata + ||a|t! |aass|a|c!
l|c |+st +t| |c|c |s aat||a. |t |s |||c t|c ca1 a| t|c ||c|, |t |s aat + ||c|
+aaa|c. l|c |ca+|a|a |s |aa+a, st+a1|a ac| t|c|c. l|c |a|cst |s +s|1c, |a ||aat a|
||a |s +tc| +a1 |t 1|+ aat|| t|c |a||iaat+| ||ac, t|c ||ac |c|c t|c s| +a1 ||c| act...
+ |ac t||a... + |+cc |c|c t|c|c |s aat||a...
140
141
142
n d thi Khu tng nim cc vua Hng vi
m hnh phng n d thi.
Competition of King Hungs Memorial Park with
the plan models.
143
|+ |+ +a |aa a+a | iaea aac ||, |ca c+a| |+ a|aa a|+ iaea
e| ||a 1+t |aa. ||+a | i+ 1aa 1aec a+a t|ca taca 1+|, a+a t|ca t|ac 1aea.
a ||+a| aaaa aa t|aa a|a c+| a|+ s+a 1+a |+a, ta| c|+ a|+a ca ta a|c
a|+a t|+a| t|a+t ca+ aa t|ca a+t 1+t.
e| c+a |aa 1a, aa 1aec ||a| t|+a| a|a ta+ t+a |a+, t|+a| t|a+t a|c
a|+a t|ca a+t 1+t a+ ca t|c |ca 1+| a+a a||ca caa 1aec. |ca ta a t+a ia+t
||ca e 1+ |+ aea 1+| t|ca c||ca a+a + a+a +a a+t 1+t a|a 1a+a t+a, 1+
caa |+ aat c+a t|ac 1aa.
||aa |+a aca t|aa +a |aa t|aa e| ||aa |+a aca aa+| a+ c+c
|e 1ca,|e ||ca, a+| ||ca, + |e a+a a a|c a|+a. l|aa ||a+a t|e| |+a a+a
1a t|aa a+, aa| a|+ |a+a ta+a ca t|c t|aa t|a+a ta a||ca.
l||s |s t|c a+a+cacat a|||cc a| || c+|cat| a||s|a, ac+|a +|c
|+cta||cs |t| |+|c |+a1 +|c+. l|c 1aa+|a a| caast|act|aa st|c|s ta + |aa ||ac +a1
t|c a+|a |a+1s +i|s. H|. ||+a| +ats |t ta |aa| |||c + |a|| ||aa|, | +ccct t|+t cat|c
+a1 ||a|a c|cacats aa t|c |aaa1.
W|t| t|+t |as||+t|aa, |t |s |a|ac1 +s + t|+|as c+|||+c |||t| ci|ts aa t|c
|aaa1, +s c+s|| ta ac +1astc1. l||s caat|aaaas |+cta| +c+|s ta |c+c| +|aa t|c
|a||iaat+| +a1 ta st|c| aa t|c |aaa1 |||c t|c c+|||+cs 1a, ||c| |s +|sa + 1a+a|c
st|acta|c.
l|c s+cc |as|1c t|c a|||cc |s caaacctc1 |t| t|c aats|1c t||aa| t|c aa||c|
|+c|, t|c ca|||1a|, t|c a|c| |aa| +a1 t|c cat|c aa1ca sc|cca. |a||a t|c 1+, t|c
|aasc c+a ac caa|ctc| a+ta|+| cat||+t|aa.
XUD NG
HA NH CHA NH
AA
aa
CarPenter
Din tch khu t
1.500 m
2
Tng din tch xy dng
1.276 m
2
Ch u t
Co ng ty AA
a im
u c Ho a Long An
Site area
1.500 m
2
Gross Floor area
1.276 m
2
Client/Owner
aa Company
Location
Duc hoa long an
145
Mt bng, mt ct v mt ng
Floor plans, sections, elevations.
Cu ni v li vo
Image of the bridge and the entrance
148
Gid i ha n:
t+| |e| |+a aa |ct c|ct t|a| ca.
Hat a|aa +t c|+t, sa taea t+c |a+ c|aa + taea t+c e| aca aa+|,
a+ aa ||aa t|a+t |+ 1aec c+| a 1+a 1+ a| 1aa ||aa, ||aa 1aec c+a a+a. |a
|+ aat |e| |+a.
la| 1+a ac c+| ||aa |e| |+a, aa| 1+a ac a+a| ||ct aac |+t. a c|a
1a t|ca aat a| 1+a c+a a+a, caac |+a t|a| 1+ |aa t|a s+ aca t|a| ca, |ac 1a
t|+t c+a |ct sa |ct t|ac.
|ct t|ac |+ |e| |+a.
Kho ng gid i ha n:
l|ca a|aa c+| |e| |+a ||ca ca, ta| 1a+ +a a|aa 1+ a|aa c+| ||aa
|e| |+a.
t+a| a+a c+|c |+ caa |ca l+a |+a 1aec a+a c+c| ae| c+| |+a |+a a+
e| aat sac a+a| ||ca t+| ||aa |+ e 1aec. )a+a sc ||aa a| |e| |+a ae| c+|
|+a |+a 1a, 1c c|a t|+ aa 1aec |+a ta+ + |ca 1+| ||aa 1|ca 1aa.
|ae| t+a c+ |e aaa a+t, e 1+ t+ ||aa se aac i+ a+t t|e| + caa
c|+a a|ct a+t t|e| ta 1+a s+a 1+a, a|aa |+| ca aat c|a t|a aa+ t|aa ||aa
|+a ca+ aa saa t+a ca+ |e| 1|ca +a|.
t+| aa c+ ta a||ca taea |+a e| c+a t|ac a+|.
Gid i ha n:
l|c ||a|t+t|aa, |t ||||s t|c |ac
l|c |aa a| a+tc||+|s, t|c |atc|+ct|aa |as|1c +a1 aats|1c t|ca, |t 1acs aat a
aat t|c a|a|t t|+t +s aaaa1c1.
| |+c + +ss|aa |t| t|c aa||a|tc1acss, t|c +ss|aa a|c+|s aat ||c|cc|. |t
t|+c|s |a t|c a+|+acc a|a|t a| a+||a |ac ac|cic|tc1. |t t||s t|ac, | +a|a| |t| t|c
ca1|a.
l|c ca1|a |s t|c ||a|t+t|aa.
No limitation
|+sc1 aa t|c ca||cat ||a|t+t|aa, | |asc|t t|c aa||a|tc1acss.
|cs|1c t|c ca||cc a+| |s t|c l+a |+a |+||, t|c +|c sc+|+tc1 a + |cacc
||c| |s aat 1cst|ac1 a t|c ca||cat ac|. l|c a+| |s aat ||a|tc1 a t||s |cacc, sa
t|+t |t caa|1 ac c|+s|c +a1 caat|aac1 |t|aat t|c ca1 a|at.
|a1c| t|c s|+1c a| t|cc, |c|c c +|c aat +||+|1 a| saa |+1|+t|aa a| |ts aa
|a, aat c |+c ta |+c + |+cc ta s|c|tc| ||aa t|c |+|a |a t|c s+cc a| t|c c|aca+
ca||cct|aa.
l|c +a|t a| |cca |c+cs, |t caat|+sts |t| t|c |aa| st|acta|c
CNE
CAFE
Cine
CaF
Din tch khu t
4S5 m
2
Tng din tch xy dng
405 m
2
Ch u t
Co ng ty CP phim Thie n Nga n
a im
116 Nguye n Du, O.1, Tp. HCM
Site area
435 m
2
Gross Floor area
405 m
2
Client/Owner
thien ngan Company
Location
116 nguyen Du str., Dist. 1, hCMC.
155
Mt bng trt
The ground floor Plan
156
157
Mt bng mi - The Roof plan.
159
160
Phc tho mt bng v phi cnh tng th.
Sketch of master plan and general perspective.
Ca i che t tro n ve n
||+ t|+a ae| a|ca ||ca +a 1c ca+ aae| saa c|a ||aa |+| ca+
aae| c|ct, aae| c|ct t|| t|+a i+c 1+ c|ct 1| c+a t|ac t|c |, +t c|+t, 1+ |+ 1|ca
||ca a||ca + |a |+a. t+a t|ac +t c|+t s|a| |+ + c|ct 1| t|| a|a| t|aea, e 1+
1+a ||ca |a +a 1c t+a | ca+ a|aa aae| caa 1+a saa, |a aaaa aae| c|ct
+a saa a+|, a+a a||ca ||a| t|ac. ae i+c, t+a t|aac, |+a aa ||ca ca, t||ca +
|aa t|a, t|e |aea ae| c|ct t|| ||aa aaaa | a|aa aae| saa t|| |+a 1a
c|aca, i+ 1aa |ca taea 1+|, i+ 1aa | ac aca |+a, aat +a |+c, aa ||aa t|+t!
t+| c|ct t|aa ca, |+ 1c a|aa +a |+c 1a |+ 1| caa c+| c|ct ca+
aae| 1+ c|ct. ||ca 1a ca 1aec ||aa! |+ c|ct 1| a|aa +a +a|, c|ct 1| a|aa a|ca
taea, c|ct 1| a|aa | ac. | ac c|ct, a|ca taea c|ct, ||+c || c|ct,||aa ||+c
||a+|, ||aa a+t a+t c+| c|ct t|+t t|aa ca! t|ct t|aa ca 1c saa t|aa ca. taa
aae| t|| a|a a|+a + 1aa a|+t, aa| aat aae| a+a iaaa |+ aat 1aa a a
1+a| c|a ||a |aa, ||aa a+a a+a 1+a +a, ||aa a+a a+a +a +a|, c|| caa |+|
|aa c+, + taea |+| |+ aat ||a |aa |a| taa, aat ae| c|a aae| saa.
Khu Ru ng Vnh Cu u
|+a a||ca aa 1+t 1+ a| s+ a+c |a+ ae| a||+ t|+a! l+| s+a c||a|
c|aa t+ 1+ a|ca a|aa aa 1+t ta a||ca aa ca t|e t|+a| aat ae| ||a c+a, |a+a
A fulfill death
l|c ccactc|, + |+cc 1caaast|+tcs t|c |||a ca|cs |aa|ca |+t|c| t|+a
t|c 1c+t|. |+ss|a ++ ca|c, |asc |s|c+| aa1 |s 1c|+1c1. l||s |s caa|ctc|
aa|a+|. ||a|a st|acta|c aa|a +a1 1|c1 |s a+ta|+|. l|c aa| |aa|ca |s ||aa t|c
|||a ca|c. l|c +at t|c 1c+t| ||c |a|cc| |t| t|ca, a 1|||c|cat +. Haaa,
ciasc ta c|ca|c+| +cat, aa||1|a taaa, aa|a +a1 sta|+c, a1 s||t|c 1c+t| 1a
aat +at +at||a aat t|c |||a 1a cc|t||a, aa||1 acaa||+| st+tas, |a t|c |ac ta
aa||1 + |a|cc| acaa|. l||s |s +a |||as|aa, +a1 |t |s aat |c+|.
| |a||||| 1c+t|. |ct t|c |||as|aa a |t| t|c +ss ++ ca|c. t+a c 1a
t|+t! |cts t|c |+aat|a, t|c saaa|, t|c acaa| 1|c1. Hcaa| 1|c, saaa| 1|c
aa aa|c 1c|css|aa, aa aa|c |ast t||s |s + |a||||| 1c+t|! la 1|c |a|| |||| |a a|1c|
ta ||c cat||c|! |c|aa1 |s t|c s+ac +a1 aa|tc1. ||aa cc| s|a|c c|saa |a
|+ 1aa |s + a+ac|css caat||aat|aa ta t|c |a|cst, t|c|c |s aa ca|+s|i|a aa t|c
|a1||1a+|, t|as aa ca|+s|i|a |a |+aat|a. a| t|c aa1 ||| ac |c|t +a1 + |ata|c
c|a+acat aa1, + |+cc |a| |||a ca|c
o a n du thi
NGHA TRANG
CU CH
Competition
Cu Chi
Din tch khu t
10S Ha
a im
Xa Phu Ho a o ng
Huye n Cu Chi
Site area
103 ha
Location
Phu hoa Dong Commune
Cu Chi District
163
a+c + a |aa a|a c+| c|ct! |ac a+, c|aa t+ 1+a c|aa ||ca a+ |a |+a
c sa a+t c+a a+a ca+ t|+| 1+t, ae| a+ c|aa t+ |+| saa + |a t|aac +a aa.
|aa c|aca a|ca 1a a|a ca+ aa caa |+a c|a c|aa t+ a|+a t|+ 1aec a|aa +a|
|aea |a |ct. |aa aa 1+t 1+a| c|a aae| caa 1+a saa t|| a+ |a |+a + ca
a|aa +a| |aea ta c||a| sa a+t c+a a+a ca+ aa, ca t|c |+a a|aa | t|+t sa c+a
t||ct ||aa! ||ca | t|+t sa c+a t|| |+| |+a, 1|ca 1a ia+t |+t ta t|+t ta, ta ||aa
aa+a + ta c+a a+a. taa aae| c+a t|+ t|+t t|+t ta + c+a a+a t|| +a +t caa
sc a|a +, aa| t|a ||aa |+| c|| 1+a| c|a c||a| c|aa t+.
+a 1c e 1+ |+ |! ta |+| c|aa t+ 1+a ca |+a 1c aat c+| | 1a
||aa! )a+ a||ca |+| 1a+a ||c| sa, c|aa t+ 1+ ca |+a 1c aa a+a a||ca c+c|,
c|aa t+ 1+ |+ a|aa |a+| 1+ t|+t tat e aa 1+t 1c a+a 1a 1c a |ca ae| a+
c|a aa 1c |ea t|aec,ca t|c a||a ta+a aa +a 1c 1+ 1a ||aa!
||+ t+a, aat c+c| t|aa t|aea, c|aa t+ 1+ aac 1| aaca |e 1+t 1+
||a+a I,! a + t|+ +a 1a |+ |e ac taa +a s+a +a |aa 1+t, e| a+t 1a aa
1+ 1+c t|| |a |+a ta+a aa |c t|ac +t ||ca |aa t+| ae| 1a sc a|ca a+t, aat aa
1+t |ea t+t ca sc t|e aca s+ a+c. ta t|c, c|aa t+ t|aa +| c+ i+a| a|aa 1|ca
1a |a+a ta+a ||aa ta a||ca, aa +a |+ s+ a+c. + |a| c||a| c|aa t+ |+| 1+a ca
t|a aat |aea a+a 1a 1c |+a 1c c+| s+ a+c a+! Hat s+ a+c, aat +a +a|
t|aa |aa ||a 1+a ca! + |a| ||a 1+a ca a+ sc |+ s+a! t||a| a+a t|+a ||a+a s+
a+c a+ c|+t c|a+ a||ca a+a t|a+a + |a |a+|. |a| e| ||a 1+a ca t|| aa t|+t
||aa |||c, aa t+a |+, 1|ca a+ ||+ ae| 1+ c|aa ||ca. Hat ae| 1+a| c|a aae|
c|ct |aaa |+a +a| |aea a+a ac 1ca ||a 1+a ca, ae| ca+ a|aa aae| 1+a saa,
a+a t|a+a |ea |+a!
ta t|c a+a aat c+| ae| 1aec s|a| |+ t|aa |aa aat c+| ||ca |aa, ||a
|aa sc +a |+ ||a |aa, ||aa t+a |+. Ha| aae| a+a iaaa t+| 1+ sc t|e t|+a|
aat 1aa a, ||aa |+ c||+ c+t a+ |a+ a|+, caa saa e| aa.
||ca t|+a ae| 1+ |+ aat |aa c+a sa saa a+a, |+t 1c, a+a |a+ aat
||a 1+a ca, 1+ |+ ae| a |+, c |+a 1+| ||a 1+a ca |+t t||ca 1+ 1+c |ea, t||
||a |aa a+ t|e aca t|+t a |+. ||+ t|+a ca t|c |+ aat ||a |aa caa |ca
1aa a||+ ||aa! la| a| 1a |+ ||a |aa |a| taa.
Ngha Trang Cu Chi
l|aec |ct |+ |cc |a |+| ||a |aa c+a sa aa ca, aat |c s|a| t|+| ca+
aa 1+t a+.
||+ t+a l|aa ||a ac 1|+ t+a, ta| |a |+| aaca t|+a a+t 1+t ta
a||ca, e| c+ i+a| 1aec |a |+|, + ta| |a |+| |c |ae| ta i ta. |ca 1ae| |aa c+
|+ c+c aa| aa, a|aa aa| aa aa| t|ca a+t 1+t, 1aec |c ||ca tac. |c a+t ||ca
tac t+a aca aat a+t |+a, ta| a| 1a |+ a+t 1+t t|a |+|. +, ae| 1+, t|aa ||a
|aa a+, ca |+| a+t 1+t saa saa a|+a, aat a+t 1+t aaca t|a, aat a+t 1+t
t|a |+|. taa aae| ||| a+a iaaa, t|+a i+c 1+ t|e t|+a| c+t aa| +a ||ca tac t|c
aa| 1aa c|+ ca+ a t|a, caa a|+a 1+ |ca t|ca a+t a+ 1+t a+ a|a aat t+a
1|+ c|+t, aat |e ||c| sa, a+ +a |a |c s|a| t|+| aaca t|a, c+ i+a| + a+t 1+t,
a+t 1+t aaca t|a. H+t 1+t t|a |+| sc |+ t|+a |a+, a|aa aa1a|c 1aa a|+t,
Permanent forest
|a a+a aa1 +a1 |a|cst |+c acca 1csc|tc1 a t|c ccactc|! W| 1|1
c a+|c t|asc a+ta|+| |+a1s |ata + 1|, 1csc|t +a1 saa||css |||c 1c+t|! a, c +|c
aasc||a t|c aaa a+|+acc a| t|c c+|t| ||c| c +|c |||a aa +a1 1cca1 aaa. |ca
+ sa+|| c|+ac a| |t c+a +||cct as c|c+||. l|asc |+a1s |a| |||a ca|c +|c c|c+||
+||cctc1 a t|c aaa+|+acc a| a+ta|c. |s |t acccss+| ta 1a sa! W|+t acc1 ta ac 1aac
s|aa|1 ac 1aac! |a1 |t caacs ||aa a|1c|c1, |s1aa, +a1 a+|+acc. || |aa+a acc1 ta
ac a|1c|c1 +a1 a+|+acc, t|ca cc|t||a |+s ta ac t|c s+ac. Hat|c| c+|t| |s aat |a|
as |aa+a aa|!
W|+t |s t|c |aa|ca |c|c! ||c c t||a ta a+|c |t |aa| ac+at||a|!
l||aa|aat ||sta|, c t| ta ca|+acc |t a a+a act|a1s. sac| +s c asc scc|+|
|+a|tc ta |+cc |t aa t|c taaa ta a+|c |t |aa| a|cc| +|c c |aa||a +t t|c
|aa|ca |a + caa|ctc c|scct|c!
C|aaa1 ccactc|, +s asa+| +, c |caac +aaat I.! actc| |+c| a| |aaa1
+a1 |c|+cc |t |t| + |+c| a| taac|ctc 1cc 1aa |ata |aaa1, |t| + ||| caacca
t|+t|aa t|ca +|| t|c |||a sstca +t t|+t |+cc ||| ac 1cst|ac1, +a1 + |ac |+cc
||| accaac 1csc|tc1. Wc c+a |+atc1 saac |+ats ac| t|c|c aat |t |s aat a+ta|+|,
+a1 |t |s st||| 1csc|t. |a1 c +|c t||a ta a+|c t|c 1csc|t |aa| ac+at||a|. | 1csc|t,
+ |+aat|a |+cc! |a t|c a|11|c a| t|c c|t! W|+t ||| t|c c|t accaac! l||s 1csc|t
|tsc|| |ac|a1c1 caa|||ctc1 +a1 1c|+1|a. la t|c c|t, |t |s tc|||a|c, |t c+a 1cst|a +a1
1c|+1c t|c c|t. H+a ca|c aasc|c t||s. | |+cc |a| 1c+t| c+a |+aat t|c |||a, +
|c+t caa|||ct.
t+a |t ac! | ac t||a ||| ac aa|a |a t|c a|11|c a| |cscat! |a|csts |||
|a|cc| + |a|cst, aa aa|c 1cst|a|a. |c|aa1 |+|a |c|c |s + caat||aat|aa, aa aa|c
1||s|aa aat caac|+t|aa, +a1 ||cs |t| |t.
l||s |cscat |+cc |s + |cca| |aaac| |a|cst, c| ac+at||a|. |t |s |a t|c
a|11|c a| c|t, +a1 |t |s c| +|a+a|c. |a| + |aa tc|a, |ca t|c c|t |s |a|a, t||s
|a|cst accaacs aa|c +|a+a|c. l|c ccactc| c+a accaac + |c+| +||. |a1 | c+|| |t
|c|a+acat |a|cst.
164
Phc tho li vo ngha trang cho ngi i b
Sketch of the entrance for walker
165
caa e| |a| 1| t+a t|+a| aat taa t|c ca+ aat ||a aea ac caa
|aa t|a cat l+| s+a c|aa t+ |+| aa |+ aat sa t|ca 1c i+ 1aa aat ta+
a|+ t|+t |ea 1c c|a+ cat |a+ t||ca + a+ c+a a||ca t|ca 1ca a |c, t|aa |||
ta+ a|+ t|| |e| |+a. Hat aae| c|ct 1aec |a+ t|+a a+ ||a| t|ac |a+ t||ca, 1aec
1aa ||a +a |a actaa c||a 1aa 1aec a+a aa+, t|e t|+a| aat |ca +c|, |ca
+c| 1aa a c|a ||a |aa. e| a|aa |ca +c| 1aa a|+t, s+ ic t|+a| a|aa
||a| 1+a ||+c a|+a t|aa ||a |aa, t|aa ||a c+ i+a| c+c| | 1ac t|ca c|a |
||a 1+t. e| ||a| t|ac |aa cat a|a t|c, c|aa t+ ca t|c |aa 1aec a sa |+| cat. Ha|
caa |aa cat e| ||a| 1+a a+a 1a, aca c+a| aac taea |+a ac taa t|+a, + |+a|
|+a ca a+| c|c, a+a |c, aat ae| a|| c|+a + taea a|e aae| t|+a, aat aac
taea t+ |e a|aa ||+c || ||a| +a| aae| 1+ |+ 1|. e| a|aa caa |aa cat +
|+a| |+a 1| t|aa 1a, 1+t |+| |+c t|aa ||a |aa, 1aec |ct aa| ||ca tac |+ aat |+a
ca+ 1aa c|+ t|ca, ||ca tac, ||ca tac,. t|+a t|c|. Hat 1aa c|+ t|ca c|a |,
aat caa 1aea |a+| a|ca.
e| c+c| a+, a||+ t|+a 1aec saa, 1aec taa t|aa, |a+ |e e| |c
s|a| t|+| ca+ ta a||ca, sa ||a| t|+a| + caac saa ca+ aa ta ta |ea |ca, e| sa 1aa
a ca+ aat aae| a+a iaaa, a|a t|ac +t 1aec saa, 1aec aaa| 1aea t|aa ||a
|aa, |+t t||ca, |ea |ca, ||a |aa |a| taa t|aa taea |+| |+ caa |ca c|a caa
1+a ca iaa a+a|.
Cu Chi cemetery
|||st a| +||, t|c |csc||a a| |aaac| |a|cst, + |||a sstca a| t||s |+a1.
|+a1 ccactc|. |a t||s |+a1, | ||| |cc t|c sa||+cc a| t|c |+a1 |t |t
|+ats. | +|sa |ct t|c t actc| t actc| act. |c|a t|c |a|cst ||| ac t|c taaas,
||a+t|a aa t|c |aaa1 +a1 caaacct |t| c+c| at|c|. | c+|| t||s + sccaa1 |aaa1.
\a, |a t||s |a|cst, t|c|c ||| ac ta +|+||c| |aaa1, +a a|||a+| |aaa1 +a1 + sccaa1
|aaa1. W|ca + a+a |+ 1aa, ||s aa1 ||| 1c|+1c +a1 accaac s+a1 +a1 tact|c|
t|c c|c+tc + |+c| a| ||sta|, +a1 t|c |||a sstca |s st||| a+|at+|ac1. |cca |+at,
|aaa1, +a1 a|||a+| |aaa1. l|c sccaa1 |aaa1 ||| accaac + |+c| a| ||ac|, +
aa|tc1 aa1a|c, +a1 |t| t|c catc| +s, ||| accaac + |ast |a|cst
|s| sta|+c. | c |+c ta sca1 + |ac +aaaat a| aaac ta aa||1 + a|
|aasc sa t|+t c c+a sta|c +s| ||aa aa|a|a aaac +a1 |t |ccs |ac|c+s|a, |||c t|c
aa||1|a |s ||a|tc1. | 1c+t| c|saa c+a t|+as|a|a ta t|c +s| a aa|a|a, sc+|c1 |a +
aai ||c| c+a st+a1 saa +a1 |+|a, accaacs a||c|, +a1 caat||aatcs ta t|c |a|cst. W|t|
aa|tc1 a||c|s, +||+ac1 |a 1|||c|cat s|+c |a t|c |a|cst, sa||aaa1 t|c |+ats. W|t| t||s
+ a| sta||a t|c aaac +s|, c c+a sta|c |at a| +s|cs. |c| |aaa1 a| a||c|, acit
ta c| +|| +a1 +|| +s |t| |aa| ||| ac + |cst +a1 acaa| |+cc. l|c|c ||| ac +
+|| aa ||c| ||ttca a+acs +a1 |cta|c a| +ss|a ++ ca|c. |t| t|asc |aa a|
a||c| +a1 +|| + |as|1c +a1 1|st||aatc + |aa t|c |a|cst, caat|aac t|c ||c| a| |||c,
|a|cc|+ a+a1 a| acaa|.
l||s +, t|c ccactc| ||| ||c. l|c ||| |+c |cscct, +a1 t|c c+a
a|a|c |ata t|c |||a sstca. |t a||t| +a1 ||cs ||| caat|aac ta |a |t| t|c
caat||aat|aa a| 1c+t| |||c + |+at |cc1c1 a t|c |a|cst. l|c c|a+acat |a|cst ||| ac
+ |ata|c |a| t|c c|t.
166
Khu vn m cung - Nhng ngi m v khu rng hin hu
Maize Garden - Tombs and Existing Forest
168
169
Khong trng gia khu rng v ngn thp im sng
Mt khong sng trong bng ti v nhng im sng
linh hn bay vt ln
Phc tho cc hp lu ct c sp xp trong khu rng.
Central void of the Forest, and Dot light tower - a light
inside dark forest and the soul raise up
Sketch of Ash storage, which are arranged in the forest
172
173
Kin Trc T Do
Li ber t y Archi tect ure
Vn phng thit k - Design Office
54/22A Bch ng, P.2, Q.Tn Bnh, Tp. H Ch Minh, Vit Nam
54/22A, Bach Dang street, 2
nd
Ward, Tan Binh Dist., HCMC, Viet Nam
Phone: (84.8) 38 486 860 - Fax: (84.8) 38 486 830
www.libarch.com