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HOUSE IN PLUM GROVE

kazuyo sejima

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

technology 3 Shelley Freeman

HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE


kazuyo sejima

work House in a Plum Grove location Tokyo architects Kazuyo Sejima & Associates structural engineers Sasaki Structural Consultants mechanical engineers System Design Laboratory general contractor Heisei Construction site area 92.30m2 building area 37.20m2 total floor area 77.68m2 structure steel frame; 3 stories pricipal use residence completion date December, 2003

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research HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

CLIENTS COMMENTS CLIENT The copy-writer Miyako Maekita, and her husband who is an advertising film producer SITE 92.30 m2 where beautiful plum trees and wild flowers grew, which made it look like a real garden inside this residential area WHY SEJIMA rejected the idea that a house should represent economic power and attract attention light, clean and white, no bravado at all A house is a place for attuning your mind, for tempering the body, so it needs light and dark, the right sense of tension, so it really doesnt have to be cosy. Something like a temporary perch Its quite small, not really a place to relax. a neutral house like a blank canvas, no obstacle to living or raising children. a house like a one-room studio

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research HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

ARCHITECTS IDEA LDK to challenge the LDK housing scheme: 2-3 bedrooms + living room (L) + dining room (D) + kitchen (K). Inside this white cube is an unconventional living space where a family of five can perch within the ecosystem of the Japanese family and community. house as compact as possible one-room lifestyle, an accumulation of different rooms linked together 4+1 = big livingroom, bedrooms small, but get only 18 square meters at most against one bedroom per person, and then squeeze in a common space almost as an afterthought. = why not make lots of little rooms? DIVIDING THINGS dividing things up, a more definitive dismantling of the space than the LDK model. By subdividing the space into small rooms, one could be free to choose. PRIVACY bedroom smaller, for instance, one might gain another retreat, thus offering a choice according to ones mood. NO ORDINARY WALLS walls to render independent rooms together with holes in the walls to connect them. Thus the rooms feel both connected and independent. NO WALLPAPER (superficial decoration) = painted interior SPATIAL COMPOSITION eliminate the feeling of depth. makes the room itself look flat, like a photograph. You cant tell how deep or shallow the space is. OPENINGS each cutting only very incidentally into the other

DESIGN BEHIND THE HOUSE The house appears as a white closed cube as it is located in one of the corners of the site. The door is fused with the wall, the doormat and a small cantilever being the only signs of its presence. Furthermore, instead of conventional windows, a few flat, square cuts are made on the exterior walls, without any seeming order. The logic comes from the inside. Refusing to create stereotyped rooms with a collection of arranged furniture, Kazuyo Sejima proposed to reduce each room to particular furniture or an action. For instance, the bedroom of the children is composed of one room-bed and a room-table. In that way, 17 different rooms were created, which together were arranged on a 77.68 m2 floor area and distributed on two floors with the tearoom on the roof. SAVING SPACE Having such a small surface, it was used to its maximum. The structure of the house is built with steel sheets, which reduces the thickness of the external walls to 50 mm and the interior walls to 16 mm. In that way, the structure, walls and the floors merge together and each part appears to have the same weight. CIRCULATION Interpreting the idea of a one room studio, the architect connected the individual rooms. She made cuts in the internal walls of the adjoining rooms, and left them without any glass. This offered new possibilities. Some rooms look outside through another rooms window. The air flows freely through these openings from room to room, and the boy or his cat can enter or exit through these openings at will. No space is shut off completely. Consequently, offering such a choice of different actions, the idea of privacy turns elastic. The members of the family can choose their place according to their moods, wanting to be alone or with others. INSULATION AND AIR CONDITIONING minimum of insulation. exterior is coated with reflective paint, so summer heat can only get in through sealed portals, but theres no stopping radiation, so in the end we put in insulation. In Europe they typically use a thickness of 100 millimetres, but in this house theres no more than 30. Sheet metal cools very quickly, so the insulation prevents the coolness from passing through. We used very few air-conditioning units. There are ducts that go to the very highest point, which serve to return warm air to the bottom and circulate it throug out. Theres good airflow overall through the rooms.

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research HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

BATHROOM AND TOILET

DAUGHTERS BEDROOM AND STUDY

SONS BEDROOM

DETACHED ROOM CONNECTED TO THE STUDY AND THE MAIN BEDROOM

STUDY SEEN FROM THE 3RD FLOOR STAIR WELL

DAUGHTERS STUDY, BEDROOM AND THE LIVING ROOM


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ROOFTOP GARDEN WILL BE COVERED WITH LAWN

THE SECOND LIVING ROOM OVERLOOKS THE ROOFTOP GARDEN

research HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

bedroom

study room

void

bathroom

living room stair kitchen

study room

study void tea room study room

entry

bedroom

study room toilet storage

dining room

bedroom

wardrobe

void

void

annex

terrace

GROUND FLOOR PLAN SCALE 1:50

FIRST FLOOR PLAN SCALE 1:50

SECOND FLOOR PLAN SCALE 1:50

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drawings HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

terrace

NORTH ELEVATION SCALE 1:100

WEST ELEVATION SCALE 1:100

bedroom

dining room

bedroom

SOUTH ELEVATION SCALE 1:100

EAST ELEVATION SCALE 1:100

SECTION AA SCALE 1:50

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

drawings HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

drawings HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

EXISTING SITE SAKURAGAOKA, SETAGAYA-KU, TOKYO, JAPAN PROPOSED SITE JOHN STREET, FITZROY, VIC AUSTRALIA

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proposed site HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

SUN RAYS SUMMER SOLSTICE SUN RAYS WINTER SOLSTICE

PREVAILING WINDS

PROPOSED SITE JOHN STREET, FITZROY, VIC AUSTRALIA SCALE 1:500


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HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

RESTAURANTS/CAFES SUPERMARKET/GROCERY STORES

ROAD ACCESS TO PROPOSED SITE BICYCLE ROUTES PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

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proposed site HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

0900

1100

1300

1500

SHADOW DIAGRAMS 22 MARCH AND 22 SEPTEMBER

Overall shadowed areas of site.

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proposed site HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

WATER CONSUMPTION TABLE

RAINFALL AVERAGES

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proposed site HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

The proposed site is just on the fringe of Melbourne CBD. This maintains the urban and suburban qualities which is similar to that of the existing site in Tokyo. The presence of a bend in the proposed site contrasts the grid planning of Melbourne city. This captures the charateristics of the existing site.

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

performance improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

PRESENT HOUSE CONDITIONS The Japanese-based house is proposed to be sited in Fitzroy, Victoria. The existing construction details of the house resulted in a poor energy rating when relocated into Melbournes southern hemisphere weather conditions. With the ratings of zero stars and -219points, Sejimas Plumgrove house is in need of major modifications to improve its energy ratings in its proposed site. The Plumgrove house is a small cube-like structure which is lightly constructed. While maintaining the houses North point and siting it in Melbourne, this posed issues with the direction of the sun and position of windows. Its larger windows now face south, away from the suns rays. With external walls measuring 50mm and internal walls measuring only 16mm, thermal insulation is poor. Moreover, the use of single glazed window panels throughout the building does not filter the suns heat effectively. The use of timber flooring on the upper floors are not sustainable and unsuitable for Melbournes climate conditions. PROPOSED MODIFICATIONS TO IMPROVE HOUSES ENERGY RATING room layout The orientation of the walls and windows effects the amount of heat entering and leaving a home. The general rule is to orient the house so the main wall and window areas face north, also minimise windows to the west and, to a lesser extent, to the east. Because the task requirements do not permit the switching of its North point, the houses internal spaces can be reorientated to achieve a higher performance. By grouping rooms of similar use together you can minimise the areas that need to be heated or cooled by using doors to separate areas. Also rooms that use hot water, such as bathrooms, kitchens and laundries should be located together. This will reduce the length of pipes used, the amount of heat lost from the pipes and allow for more efficient use of your hot water system. window placement, sizing and shading Well-planned and protected windows improve comfort and reduce the need for heating in winter and cooling in summer. The North-facing windows receive winter sun, allowing light and warmth into the house. East and west-facing windows receive excessive summer sun so should be kept small or be well shaded. Shading devices, such as awnings, external blinds and verandahs reduce heat gain through windows in summer. Glass can be treated to reduce the amount of summer heat gain, however, remember that treated glass reduces heat gain and light in winter as well. Therefore, only certain panels will be treated to maximise efficiency. Internal window coverings trap a layer of still air between the glass surface and the covering, which reduces heat flow through the glass. Appropriate coverings include drapes, Holland blinds, Roman blinds and Austrian blinds and pelmets. In cold winter areas double glazing will be considered for all windows. Thermal Cut aluminium frames will be used on doors and windows to improve insulation and heat efficiency. materials Timber floorings will be provided by a local supplier specialising in sustainable woods. Storm water will be used to harvest natural rain to minimize use of piped water. Solar panels can be used to provide energy to heat water. Insulation will be improved in the external walls to be more heat efficient.

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

performance improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT PLANS

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

performance improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

AEROGEL

Spaceloft is a flexible, nanoporous aerogel blanket insulation that reduces energy loss while conserving interior space in residential and commercial building applications. Spacelofts unique properties extremely low thermal conductivity, superior flexibility, compression resistance, hydrophobicity, and ease of use make it essential for those seeking the ultimate in thermal protection. Using patented nanotechnology, Spaceloft insulation combines a silica aerogel with reinforcing fibers to deliver industry-leading thermal performance in an easy-to-handle and environmentally safe product. Spaceloft is a proven, effective insulator in building applications, providing the highest R-value of any insulation material for maximum energy efficiency in walls, floors, roofs, framing, and windows.

DOUBLE GLAZING WINDOWS


Double glazing can reduce heat lost through windows by as much as 50%, thereby reducing your heating bills, keeping your house warmer and helping you do your bit in the conservation of natural resources. Especially in rooms with large windows, the difference in temperature in the room is easily noticeable. Sitting by a large, double-glazed picture window is far, far more comfortable on a chill winter night.

PROPOSAL 1
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performance improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

AEROGEL
Aerogel (also called frozen smoke because of its hazy blue appearance), is a truly remarkable material. It is the lightest and lowest-density solid known to exist, and holds an unbelievable 15 entries in the Guinness Book of World Records, including best insulator and lowest density solid. Aerogel is composed of 99.8% air and is chemically similar to ordinary glass. Being the worlds lightest known solid, it weighs only three times that of air.
Advantages Superior Thermal Performance 2 to 8 times better than competing insulation products Reduced Thickness and Profile Equal thermal resistance at a fraction of the thickness Less Time and Labor to Install Easily cut and comformed to complex shapes, tight curvatures, and spaces with restricted access Physically Robust Soft and flexible but with excellent springback, Spaceloft recovers its thermal performance even after compression events as high as 50 psi Shipping and Warehousing Savings Reduced material volume, high packing density, and low scrap rates can reduce logistics costs by a factor of five or more compared to rigid, preformed insulations Simplified Inventory Unlike rigid pre-forms such as pipe cover or board, the same Spaceloft blanket can be kitted to fit any shape or design Hydrophobic Yet Breathable Spaceloft repels liquid water but allows vapor to pass through Environmentally Safe Landfill disposable, shot-free, with no respirable fiber content Characteristics Spaceloft can be cut using conventional textile cutting tools including scissors, electric scissors, and razor knives. The material can be dusty, and it is recommended gloves, safety glasses, and dust mask be worn when handling matierial. See MSDS for compelte health and safety information. Other Available Materials Aspen Aerogels, Inc. produces several series of flexible aerogel blanket materials for thermal insulation, energy absorption, and fire protection. Please contact Aspen Aerogels, Inc. for additional information on these products.

DOUBLE GLAZING WINDOWS

Physical Properties

Thermal Conductivity

Wintec Aluminium Since our beginning in 1997, we have developed a rannge of window and door products that are innovative, functional and stylish. Wintec Aluminium windows and doors are an all Australian designed and manufactured product, with modern designs and quality finish at the forefront of Wintec Philosophy. An ongoing commitment to product development and sercive to our Australia wide faabricator base ensures that no matter where you are, you have access to the latest deisgns in the Window and Door industry. Aluminium Windows and Doors Wintec have prodcts to suit all areas in Australia- consisting of, sliding windows, sliding doors, awning and casement windows, double hung windows, louvres, sliding multi track doors, french doors and bi-folding doors. Window and Door Testing Laboratory The Wintec designed products are tested to Australian standard AS2047-1999 in NATA accredited laboratory No 14093. This ensures your windows and doors comply with the building code of Australia and are suited to your particular location. In line with the BCA requirements Wintec windows and doors carry a seven year guarentee. Structural Hollow sections give added strength and security. Heavy duty rollers are standard on all Wintec Double Glazed Sliding Windows, they last longer and operate smoother than conventional types. Rounded stiles add to the strength and will not catch on window coverings.

R-Value Per Inch

Weather The Wintec Double Glazed Sliding Window achieves a water penetration resistance pressure of 330Pa. Aesthetics No unfinished or exposed edges. No internal projection of transom and sash sections. Genuine Wintec handles are ergonomically designed for ease of use for the elderly and disabled. The handles operate in the direction of the sash movement and are available in a range of colours.

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

performance improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

PROPOSAL 2
1 2

1. CAR PARK/TEA HOUSE

The carpark is situated on the opposite side of the land. The reason is to encourage the use of bicyles and public transport conveniently located within the area rather than using a car. The carpark is also tucked away under a ramp leading to its roof. Inspired by traditional Japanese architecture, the additional space created on the roof will house a little pavilion in relation to its surrounding gardens and water feature.

2. VEGETATION:
The carefully manicured Japenese gardens not only beautifies the site, it is also designed to improve the environmantal qualities on site. The strategically placed trees will provide shade to the house, allowing winter and summer energy gain/loss.

3. POND:
The pond was added as a quality to our Japanese inspired landscape, bringing a serene quality to the site. In addition to that, the pond plays a major role in cooling the site during summer via evaporation. A simple yet effective method of controlling the temperature of the surrounding context.

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

performance improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

MER SUM
WIN TER
MN TU AU G? RIN SP

The implementation of this greenhouse not only enforces the design character of the building, it improves thermal circulation inside the house. Each window on the northern facade has a mini greenhouse attached to it. These mini greenhouses act as a buffer zone and improve the R-value of the northern facade. They can be open and closed to control airflow and filters

PROPOSAL 3
alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

performance improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

MER SUM
OX UN EQ

WIN TER

GREENHOUSE A new volume will be added to the house, a greenhouse buffer zone placed in the north that can be opened during the summer, it will be usefull during the winter to increase the quantity of solar energy gained by the building. LANDSCAPE The vegetation will be used as an architectural element screening out the northern sun light during the summer with the shadows casted by the trees planted infront of the house. By adopting deciduous trees we will be able to control the amount of light naturally. SKYLIGHT A new skylight will be opened into the roof over the staircase void, floodlight the area with out the use of eletricity. The staircase void combined with the skylight will be used as a natural ventilation chimney to cool down the house when it will be needed.

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

performance improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

MER SUM
OX UN EQ

WIN TER

GREENHOUSE A new volume will be added to the house, a greenhouse buffer zone placed in the north that can be opened during the summer, it will be usefull during the winter to increase the quantity of solar energy gained by the building. LANDSCAPE The vegetation will be used as an architectural element screening out the northern sun light during the summer with the shadows casted by the trees planted infront of the house. By adopting deciduous trees we will be able to control the amount of light naturally. SKYLIGHT A new skylight will be opened into the roof over the staircase void, floodlight the area with out the use of eletricity. The staircase void combined with the skylight will be used as a natural ventilation chimney to cool down the house when it will be needed.

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

performance improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

Present House rating

Improved House rating

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

performance improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

MASTER

IMPROVEMENT

PLANS

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master improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

The master plans for improving the Plumgrove houses energy efficiency is a collaboration of All proposed ideas and techniques. The strengths of each proposal were drawn together to create a harmonious and cohesive system in reducing energy emissions and waste.

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

master improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

Updated plans incorporating Aerogel insulation, enhanced double glazing windows and greenhouse .

CUSTOM FITTED DOUBLE GLAZING WINDOW

AEROGEL INSULATION

GROUND FLOOR PLAN SCALE 1:50

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

master improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

The he greenhouse has been placed on the northern facade of the building to act as a buffer zone in controlling humidity, temperature and natural lighting

FIRST FLOOR PLAN SCALE 1:50

SECOND FLOOR PLAN SCALE 1:50

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

master improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

The he greenhouse is constructed of a series of glass panels that have photovoltaic cells incorporated into them. These Solar cells will harness energy from the sunrays and power its mechanised windows for opening and closing.

SOUTH ELEVATION SCALE 1:100

NORTH ELEVATION SCALE 1:100

This his is the new placement of the window on the terrace to maximize natural light intake and capturing a view of the landscape.

EAST ELEVATION SCALE 1:100

WEST ELEVATION SCALE 1:100

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master improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

A A

NULLABOR TIMBER

Recycled Timber Nullarbor will continue to search for and acquire as many recycled timbers that Australian demolition sites offer. We will demand careful salvage of these products to maximize the potential for re-processing and will encourage and educate the demolition industry to understand the negative impact on outdated, destructive demolition practices. Nullarbor asks potential clients to consider a recycled alternative wherever possible, keeping in mind flexibility of species and sizes. We will assist consumers to avoid size specific and species specific criteria to maximise the recycled timber options and limit the energy required for re-processing along with limiting any waste product. Nullarbor is directly responsible for the salvage of several thousand cubic meters of Recycled Native Timbers. Put simply - many of the timbers are virtually impossible to find elsewhere!
alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

master improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

LEGEND

1 Water treatment pond 2 Car Park 3 Tea house/Meditation room 4 Chicken Coop 5 Storm water drain 6 Black water shaft 7 Drainage pipe 8 Cleaned water tank 9 Water pomp 10 Inspectionable shaft 11 Water pond 12 Rooftop Garden

12

5 7 4 1 2

SECTION AA
scale 1:50

11 8 SECTION BB

9 10

scale 1:50

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master improvement plan HOUSE O S IN A PLUM G GROVE O kazuyo sejima

Greenhouse

The he greenhouse has been placed on the northern facade of the building to act as a buffer zone in controlling humidity, temperature and natural lighting

The he carbay has been placed on the far side of the site to discourage to use of mobile vehicles. There neighbourhood is well equiped with cafes, supermareets and public tranpsortation systems.

Car Bay/Bicycle Shed

The greenhouse on the northern facade was designed aligned with the houses design language. Bold, yet simple, this greenhouse will control temperatures fluctuations within the house. The pond is placed in front of the greenhouse as a backdrop to the trees inside. The pond stores recycled water that is used to irrigate the gardens. Photovoltaic Cells (solar cells) are installed in the glass facade to generate energy. This energy will be used to power the mechanised glass panels located at the top and bottom, to control ventilation in the greenhouse.

Evaporation Pond

Apart part from it being aestheticaly pleasing, the evaporation pond controls humidity levels and cools the site in its microclimate.
alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

master improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

Rooftoop Garden

Tea House/Meditation Room

The carbay houses a rooftop garden and a meditation/tea room. This concept reflects the design language of the Japanese designed house. It also maximises the natural landscape of the site.

The carporch is located some distance from the house. This is to discourage the use of mobile vehicles. Incorporated in the deisgn is a ramp which houses a pavilion at the top. It also has a chicken den. The introduction of a chicken den and a vegetalbe garden is to promote the healthy activity of gardening and eating healthy home grown food.

Chicken Coop The chicken coop and vegetable garden


encourages the healthy habit of gardening and producing your own food.

Vegetable Garden

Blackwater Pond

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

master improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

HOUSE IN A PLUMGROVE
Alberto Pazolli & Chiew YiTian

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

master improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima

alberto pozzoli s3232520 chiew yitian s3158238

master improvement plan HOUSE IN A PLUM GROVE kazuyo sejima