History

• • • • The genus and species names of the emu are Dromaius novaehollandiae. Emu-birds are members of the ratite family along with ostrich, rhea, cassowary and kiwi. Emu are prehistoric birds that originated about 80 million years ago in Australia. Flightless, but they have strong legs and run very fast and can run up to speeds of 30 miles per hour (50 kilometers per hour). • • • • • • Emus are also very good swimmers. Wings are only 1/10th the length of its body Brown in color; They have 3 toes; the underside of each toe is flattened with a broad pad. Two main calls: a gutteral grunt and a throbbing drum. Emu's were imported into the United States from the 1930's through the late 1950's as exotic zoo stock. • • Today, the exportation of live birds and eggs is prohibited from Australia Exports of processed emu products from Australia, however, are on the rise as emu begins to gain acceptance worldwide for its unique qualities • Emus are raised throughout the world and have adapted to a variety of conditions ranging from the cold winters to the extreme heat • • • Normally Emu's lives up to 40 years. Bill is broad and soft, adapted for browsing and grazing. In nature, the emu's nest is a shallow hole by a bush. The nest is lined with leaves, grass, and bark.

Taxonomy
Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Aves Order: Struthioniformes Family: Dromaiidae

Genus: Dromaius Species: Dromaius novaehollandiae

Anatomy
Emu grow to be between 5 and 6 fee tall and weighing between 45 to 60 kgs. This makes the emu the size of most humans as adults.

Habitat
The emu-bird lives in the grassy plains and dry open farms.

Diet:
• Fruits, flowers, insects, seeds and green vegetation; love caterpillars. Ingest large stones into gizzard to aid grinding process. • • Emus requires 6-10 litres good water daily Emus requires 3 times food per day like humenbeings.

Emu Birds – Reproduction
• • • Emu-birds become sexually mature at 2-3 years of age. Female Emu or hen begins laying eggs, male Emu are attending incubuation. The emu egg varies in size and color. It is usually dark green, averaging 5 inches long and weighing approximately 600 grams • Artificial incubation is often conducted at a temperature of approximately 97.5 degrees Fahrenheit and a relative humidity that varies according to the climate. Average incubation time ranges from 48 to 52 days. • Emu can be productive for as long as 20 years, laying between 20 to 30 eggs in a season • The female lays from 4 to 20 greenish-brown eggs in a clutch or group of eggs laid at one time • • The male builds a nest on his territory and the female joins him when everything is ready. Breed-in period is from October through March.

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When the male starts incubating the eggs, the female moves away and she pairs with other males. However, a few may stay with the male to defend him. The mature Emu-bird females lay an egg every 3-5 days. The eggs are dark green to blend with the grass. The male waits until the female lays at least 9 eggs and then he starts incubating them by sitting on the nest.

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He incubates them for 52-56 days and doesn't eat or drink during this time. When the eggs hatch, he eats the eggshells to get his digestive system going and also to hide the evidence of the chicks from the numerous predators.

When the chicks hatch, the males drive the females away and attack anybody who approaches the chicks. He takes care of the brood for 5-7 months and then the bond breaks down. Chicks of Emus are cream colored with tan and brown stripes allowing them to hide in the grass. As they become 6 months old, they acquire a chocolate brown color. Only at the age of 2 years do the young Emu-birds become colored like adults. Emu can be productive for as long as 20 years, laying between 20 to 50 eggs in a season

Additional Emu Facts:
• Emus provide a red meat, similar in taste and appearance to very lean beef, that is lower in cholesterol but higher in protein than beef. • • • • • • • About 18-22 kgs of meat can be obtained from a mature bird. Emu provides unique penetrating oil Emu's unhatched Eggs used for craft works ORGIN: flightless bird, native of Australia (imported from USA originally) SIZE: At birth, 8 to 10 inches tall; Adult, 5 to 6 feet tall ADULT WEIGHT: 45 to 55 kilos COLOR: Brown, black and beige. Chicks are born with stripes, which they start to loose around 4 months of age. Mature birds have blue necks and mottled body feather coloration. There is no color differential between males and females.

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HEALTH: Generally robust, hardy TEMPERAMENT: Curious, generally docile, occasionally fight among themselves during breeding season. SOUNDS ASSOCIATED WITH GENDER: As adults, females will make a "boomin" noise. Males make a grunting noise similar to a hog. LIFESPAN: 35+ years BREEDING METHODS: Mated pairs BREEDING AGE: Starts at 18 months to 3 years of age PRODUCTIVE YEARS: 25+ years EGGS PER YEAR: 10 to 60 INCUBATION PERIOD: 48 to 52 days PRODUCTS: Meat, hide, oil, feathers and eggs

Emus (pronounced ee-mews), are the second largest member of the ratite group of flightless birds. They are the national bird of Australia. Emus are native to Australia and were originally imported to the United States as breeding stock for American zoos. They have grown in popularity very quickly as today's premier alternative livestock for the American farmer. In India Emus were imported in 1996 for commercial purpose. It is believed that the emu is a survivor of prehistoric times and dating back some 80 million years, roamed the outback of Australia. The Aborigines tribes relied upon the emu for their existence. The emu provided them with food, clothing, shelter, and spiritual sustenance. The emu will now play a large role in the future of Indian agriculture too. The expanding emu inventory in the India is domestically bred. As research and sharing of knowledge increase, the Indian emu is emerging as the industry standard. The Indian breeder market is vigorous and can be made profitable for small and large participants

The EMU'S Habits

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Emu are curious and docile. They are about 8 to 10 inches tall at birth, with black and white stripes. As 3-month-old chicks, they turn nearly solid black and change into a tan, brown and black mixture as adults, some having a bluish neck. The feathers are downy, with no stiff vein running through the center. The mature Emu is 5 to 6 feet tall and normally weighs 45 to 55 kilos. They are flightless and strong runners reaching ground speeds of up to 60 kilometer per hour in short bursts, covering about nine feet in stride. Emu adapt well from temperature extremes in excess of 100o Fahrenheit to below zero degree Fahrenheit. No diseases have yet been diagnosed as common to the species. They can exist on a simple diet and require a lot of water, drinking 4 to 6 liters daily. They also will play in water or mud.

Great Advantages Of The EMU In Agriculture

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The Emu hen can be productive for 25 to 35 years or more and may lay 10 to 60 eggs in a season. A hen may lay as early as 18 months, but normally laying begins at 2 to 3 years old. Pairs normally breed from September to February, usually producing one egg every three days. Incubation time is 48 - 52 days and the percentage of eggs hatched is approximately 65 - 90%. Chick survival rates on emu are excellent. We cannot over emphasize the hardiness of the emu. These birds have been traced back 80 million years. The emerald green egg normally hatching in about 50 days produces a chick, which will walk within hours and run within days. The chicks achieve rapid growth, gaining their height by one year of age. After six months, the birds have shed most of their chick feathers for the fluffy, elegant feathers of the adult. For most climate conditions, the birds need shelter during the first few months. The birds are a very hardy and adaptable bird.

Wonderful Skin Moisturizer TOP
Australian Aborigines have long used Emu oil as a skin moisturizer to reduce the effects of the harsh Australian sun and aging on their skin. Claims that emu oil has unique anti-aging elements are currently under study with very encouraging results to date

Attractive Emu Leather Attractiveness TOP
Emu leather is an attractive full-quilled pattern that comprises 100% of the durable hide which has a natural beauty all its own. This unique leather is capable of accepting many dye colors. It is one of the most attractive leathers currently being utilized in the fashion industry. Supple, beautiful and exquisitely detailed, emu leather is a top choice of many designers selecting dramatic reptilian textures for their products.

Product Uses

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Eloquent emu leather attire as well as other unique emu leather items is becoming more readily available as supply increases. Emu leather is well suited for embellishing designer apparel, boots, wallets, handbags, hair accessories, jewelry and many accessories.

Breathable Leather
Emu leather is very easy to work with. A breathable leather making its manufacturing into diverse accessories a big plus for future growth.

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