- Argala - Visti Larsen ji
- Dasa Maha Vidya
- Self Healing Handbook
- Health Benefits of Figs or Anjeer
- NavGraha sadhna
- ASTROLOGICAL POINTERS TO PROFESSION – TIMING OF FIRST SALARY
- Excellent and easy cure for Diabetes
- Blood Pressure Chart
- Astronomy for Amateurs
- Acupressure
- Kabir Granthawali [ParasnathTiwari].pdf
- Jyotihsastra Tantra Aparaajita
- Spiritual Karma Magazine 56. Published by Swamiji Sri Selvam Siddhar-Dr Commander Selvam-Shiva Vishnu Temple
- Temple-Architecture-(देवालय-वास्तुशास्त्र)
- 4 Step Theory- Presentation-RNimje[1]
- The Science of Breath
- 94186672-Vedic-Symbols : ( Authored by Shriram Sharma Acharya)
- Gods Dream by Bo Sanchez
- Jaathaka Siromani
- Rune Might Part 1
- 27186295-Yantra-Shasthra
- Clairvoyance and Occult Powers
- Occult Science in India
- Swara Prakriya - Ram Chandra Pandit
- Panch Swara (Hindi)
- Jyotisha Siddhanta Sangrahaa
- తెలుగులో హనుమాన్ చాలీసా Hanuman Chalisa
- What Life Taught Me
- Annamacharyulu - Social Reformer అన్నమాచార్యులు సాంఘిక సంస్కర్త
- Question Bank Chemistry-2
- Article on Annamacharyulu-Unexplored Aspect of His Sankirtanas
- R&D in India
- Magic squares
- International Colaborations
- Articles on Puttaparthi Narayanacharyulu పుట్టపర్తి నారాయణాచార్యులపై వ్యాసాలు (అంతర్జాలం నుంచి సంకలనం)
- Sri Krishna Karna conversation in Udyogaparvam
- Environmental Impact of Nuclear Energy
- Perspectives of National Disaster Management
- A Note on Bhagavad Gita
- Question Bank Chemistry 1
- Analysis of Information Released by DOE
- Astrological Tables of Houses Part-2
- Calculation of House Cusps-1
- Astrological Tables of Houses Part-3
- Queries and Unsolicited Answers on Timings in Panchangam
- Astrological Tables of Houses Part-4
- Recipes From Andhra Pradesh
- Ayanamsa Values
- Lecture Notes on Separation of Stable Isotopes
- Separation of Stable Isotopes
- Yet Another Formula for Ayanamsa
- Relook at Vimsottari Dasha
- HP Scanjet 2400 Issues
- Astrological Tables of Houses for South Latitudes - 2
- Astrological Tables of Houses for South Latitudes -1
- Happy New Year!

K.L. Ramakumar

INTRODUCTION Any mathematics student knows Pythagorean Theorem and Pythagorean triples. Pythagorean triples are any three numbers a, b, c such that square of the largest number is equal to sum of the squares of the other two numbers. For example the three numbers 3, 4, and 5 are Pythagorean triples as 32 + 42 = 52. Given below are simple procedures to find out Pythagorean triples either from an even or from an odd number. To find out Pythagorean triples from a given even number, I will define a theorem: Theorem: Square of any even number is always divisible In other words, 4 is always one of the factors of square of any even number. by 4.

Proof: Any even number N is either divisible by 4 or can be expressed as (M ± 2) where M is another even number divisible by 4. (e.g., 22 = 20 +2 or 22 = 24 – 2. Hence M = 20 or 24)) Let N be an even number not divisible by 4. = (M ± 2) x (M ± 2) Now N2 = N x N = M2 ± 2x2xM + 22 As M is divisible by 4, M x M is also divisible by 4. The other two terms are clearly divisible by 4 as they contain 4 as coefficient. Therefore the algebraic sum of all the terms in the expression is divisible by 4. Hence square of an even number N is always divisible by 4. PYTHAGOREAN TRIPLES FROM A GIVEN EVEN NUMBER (MORE THAN 2) Given below is a simple method, which I found very useful: Step-1: Select any even number greater than or equal to 4. Step-2: Take the square of the number. Step-3: Divide the product thus obtained by 4. Step-4: Subtract 1 to get one of the Pythagorean triples. Step-5: Add 1 to get the other triple number. e.g.1: Let the number be 4. To get the remaining two Pythagorean triples: Square of 4 = 4 x 4 = 16 16/4 = 4 Second Pythagorean triple = 4-1 = 3 Third Pythagorean triple = 4 + 1 = 5 So the three Pythagorean triples are 3, 4, 5

e.g.2: Let the number be 8. The remaining two Pythagorean triples are: Square of 8 = 8 x 8 = 64 64/4 = 16 Second Pythagorean triple = 16 – 1 = 15 Third Pythagorean triple = 16 + 1 = 17 The Pythagorean triples are 8, 15, 17 Check: 8 x 8 + 15 x 15 = 64 + 225 = 289 = 17 x 17

Selecting 2 gives trivial result. Let us see. 2x2=4 4/4 = 1 1-1 = 0: 1 + 1 = 2 So the numbers are 0, 2, 2 PYTHAGOREAN TRIPLES FROM AN ODD NUMBER For completion sake, I am giving a method below, to find out Pythagorean triples from an odd number. Select any odd number. Case 1 Take the square of the number. Divide the product thus obtained into two numbers in such a way that the difference between them is 1. Subtract 1 from the product. Divide by 2. Quotient is one number and quotient + 1 is another number You get a set of Pythagorean triples e.g. Let the number be 11 Square of 11 is 121 Divide 121 into two numbers. How? (121-1 = 120: 120/2 = 60. Add 1 to 60 to get 61) Therefore the Pythagorean triples are 11, 60, 61 Check 11 x 11 + 60 x 60 = 121 + 3600 = 3721 = 61 x 61

Case 2 If the selected odd number is not a prime (A prime number is solely divided only by itself other than 1), then we can have more than one set of Pythagorean triples for that number.

Find out the factors for this number. You will get small odd numbers. Follow the procedure given in Case 1. You will end up different sets of Pythagorean triples. e.g. Let the number be 15. Using the procedure given in case 1,we get a set of Pythagorean triples as 15, 112, 113 Now find out the factors for 15. These are 3 and 5 For 3, using the procedure given in case 1, the Pythagorean triples are 3, 4, 5. Multiply each number by 5 to get another set of Pythagorean triples as 15, 20, 25. For 5, using the procedure given in case 1, the Pythagorean triples are 5, 12, 13. Multiply each number by 3 to get yet another set of Pythagorean triples as 15, 36, 39. We, therefore get three sets of Pythagorean Triples with one of the numbers as 15. These three sets are: (a) 15, 112, 113 (b) 15, 20, 25 (c) 15, 36, 39 Check the result for correctness. I leave it to the readers. After finding out the Pythagorean triples as mentioned above, multiply each number by any other number to get another set of Pythagorean triples. e.g. Let the first set of Pythagorean triples are 3, 4, 5 Multiplying by 2 we get 6, 8, 10 Multiplying by 3 we get 9, 12, 15 Multiplying by 4 we get 12, 16, 20 etc. All the above are Pythagorean triples. Any set of Pythagorean triples, when multiplied by any same number will give another set of Pythagorean triples. Thus we have two types of Pythagorean triples. One category, we can call them primary Pythagorean triples and are generated using (i) the procedure outlined for even numbers or (ii) the procedure mentioned in case 1 for odd numbers. The other category, we can call them secondary Pythagorean triples and are generated from primary Pythagorean triples by multiplication with a number. To summarize, we can state the following: 1. If any given number ‘a’ is even, then the Pythagorean triples are a,

a2 a2 a a 1 , 1 OR a, 1 , 1 4 4 2 2

2 2

2.

**If any given number ‘a’ is odd, then the Pythagorean triples are a,
**

a2 1 a2 1 , 2 2

GENERAL PROPERTIES OF PYTHAGOREAN TRIPLES Any set of Pythagorean triples, when multiplied by any same number will give another set of Pythagorean triples. There will be only one set of Pythagorean triples if the smallest among them is a prime number. If the smallest of the Pythagorean triples is a prime number then the other numbers in the set are successive numbers. If the smallest of the Pythagorean triples is not a prime number but an odd number, then one set of Pythagorean triples has two successive numbers. There are no Pythagorean triples with smallest member as 2 or 4. All primary Pythagorean triples with even number as the smallest, has the other two members of the set differing by 2. Any Pythagorean triple set contains at least one even number.

- Argala - Visti Larsen jiUploaded byapi-19937293
- Dasa Maha VidyaUploaded byyeskay42
- Self Healing HandbookUploaded byshoeand
- Health Benefits of Figs or AnjeerUploaded byTaoshobuddha
- NavGraha sadhnaUploaded byHariom Nikhil
- ASTROLOGICAL POINTERS TO PROFESSION – TIMING OF FIRST SALARYUploaded byANTHONY WRITER
- Excellent and easy cure for DiabetesUploaded bySudhir
- Blood Pressure ChartUploaded bymahajan1963
- Astronomy for AmateursUploaded bySunilkumar Dubey
- AcupressureUploaded bygautamlipika
- Kabir Granthawali [ParasnathTiwari].pdfUploaded byUpadhyayula Surya Raghavender
- Jyotihsastra Tantra AparaajitaUploaded byhari18
- Spiritual Karma Magazine 56. Published by Swamiji Sri Selvam Siddhar-Dr Commander Selvam-Shiva Vishnu TempleUploaded bytexastemple
- Temple-Architecture-(देवालय-वास्तुशास्त्र)Uploaded bySunilkumar Dubey
- 4 Step Theory- Presentation-RNimje[1]Uploaded bymagicalseas
- The Science of BreathUploaded byDawne_Berry
- 94186672-Vedic-Symbols : ( Authored by Shriram Sharma Acharya)Uploaded byGuiding Thoughts- Books by Acharya Shriram Sharma
- Gods Dream by Bo SanchezUploaded byRandallMarieGrace
- Jaathaka SiromaniUploaded bySampath Kumar
- Rune Might Part 1Uploaded byOthroerir
- 27186295-Yantra-ShasthraUploaded byvsh101
- Clairvoyance and Occult PowersUploaded byDawne_Berry
- Occult Science in IndiaUploaded byoftaran
- Swara Prakriya - Ram Chandra PanditUploaded bygranthabhandar
- Panch Swara (Hindi)Uploaded byapi-3867727
- Jyotisha Siddhanta SangrahaaUploaded byastrology is divine

- తెలుగులో హనుమాన్ చాలీసా Hanuman ChalisaUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- What Life Taught MeUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Annamacharyulu - Social Reformer అన్నమాచార్యులు సాంఘిక సంస్కర్తUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Question Bank Chemistry-2Uploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Article on Annamacharyulu-Unexplored Aspect of His SankirtanasUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- R&D in IndiaUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Magic squaresUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- International ColaborationsUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Articles on Puttaparthi Narayanacharyulu పుట్టపర్తి నారాయణాచార్యులపై వ్యాసాలు (అంతర్జాలం నుంచి సంకలనం)Uploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Sri Krishna Karna conversation in UdyogaparvamUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Environmental Impact of Nuclear EnergyUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Perspectives of National Disaster ManagementUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- A Note on Bhagavad GitaUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Question Bank Chemistry 1Uploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Analysis of Information Released by DOEUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Astrological Tables of Houses Part-2Uploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Calculation of House Cusps-1Uploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Astrological Tables of Houses Part-3Uploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Queries and Unsolicited Answers on Timings in PanchangamUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Astrological Tables of Houses Part-4Uploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Recipes From Andhra PradeshUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Ayanamsa ValuesUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Lecture Notes on Separation of Stable IsotopesUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Separation of Stable IsotopesUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Yet Another Formula for AyanamsaUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Relook at Vimsottari DashaUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- HP Scanjet 2400 IssuesUploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Astrological Tables of Houses for South Latitudes - 2Uploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Astrological Tables of Houses for South Latitudes -1Uploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar
- Happy New Year!Uploaded byKaranam.Ramakumar