MY TEACHING PEDAGOGY

Dr. T.K. Jain. AFTERSCHOOOL Centre for social entrepreneurship Bikaner M: 9414430763 tkjainbkn@yahoo.co.in www.afterschool.tk www.afterschoool.tk
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REWARD THE BEST STUDENT

WE DIRECTLY OR INDRECTLY REWARD THEM – REWARD THEM DIRECTLY LET YOUR CRITERIA BE CLEAR TO ALL THE STUDENTS LET EVERY ONE KNOW HOW TO ACHIEVE THE BEST STUDENT AWARDS NOT ONE – BUT MANY STUDENTS CAN GET THE BEST STUDENTS AWARDS
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GROUP PROJECT – THE BEST APPROACH TO STUDY

LET THE STUDENTS SOLVE THE PROBLEMS IN GROUP LET US FORM GROUPS BASED ON DIFFERENCES AMONG PERSONS

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JOY IN THE CLASS . . .
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QUIZ PROJECTS JOY OF LEARNING LET THE STUDENTS TAKE THE LEAD LET THE STUDENTS CONDUCT THE SHOWS

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HOW TO ENABLE SMALL BEGINNINGS?
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GIVE SMALL GOALS GIVE SMALL PROJECTS GIVE SMALL ASSIGNMENTS BUILD A SENSE OF ACHIEVEMENT CREATE A DESIRE FOR ACHIEVEMENT

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GIVE LIVE EXAMPLES …
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EXAMPLES ARE BETTER THAN THEORY LET THE STUDENT EXPERIENCE THE REALITY LET THE STUDENT TALK WITH THE PERSONS WHO ARE DOING GREAT THINGS

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BLEND LECTURES WITH OTHER ACTIVITIES ..
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CONTINUED LECTURES ARE BORING BLEND LECTURES WITH QUIZES ONE QUIZ A WEEK OR HAVE ONE G.D. A WEEK

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REDUCE COMPETITON PROMOTE COLLABORATION

MORE THE COLLABORATION MORE THE LEARNING STUDENTS ARE ABLE TO BECOME THE BEST SUPPORTERS MAKE EVERYONE MENTOR FOR EVERYONE

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WHAT IS A CONTRACT?
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AN AGREEMENT ENFORCEABLE BY LAW (SECTION 2 (H) CONTRACT ACT 1872.

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ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF A CONTRACT?
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LAWFUL CONSIDERATION FREE CONSENT LAWFUL AGREEMENT OFFER & ACCEPTANCE

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VOID CONTRACT?

AN AGREEMENT WHICH CEASES TO BE ENFORCEABLE BY LAW SECTION 2 (J)

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WHICH ARE VOID CONTRACT?
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Mistake of facts – sec. 20 Unlawful object sec 23 Agreement without consideration sec. 25 Agreement in restraint of marriage sec. 26 Agreement in restraint of trade sec. 27 Wager agreement sec. 30 Agreement against legal proceeding: sec 28.

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VOIDABLE CONTRACT?

AN AGREEMENT WHICH IS ENFORCEABLE AT THE OPTION OF ONE OR MORE PARTIES BUT NOT AT THE OPTION OF OTHER PARTY IS CALLED VOIDABLE CONTRACT. SEC. 2 (I)

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WHICH ARE VOIDABLE CONTRACTS?

CONTRACTS MADE UNDER COERCION, UNDUE INFLUENCE, FRAUD, MISREPRESENTATION ETC.

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IS VOID CONTRACT SAME AS ILLEGAL CONTRACT?
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NO ALL ILLEGAL CONTRACTS ARE VOID CONTRACTS BUT ALL VOID CONTRACTS ARE NOT ILLEGAL CONTRACTS.

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HOW MANY TYPES OF OFFERS CAN YOU MENTION?
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GENERAL OFFER SPECIAL OFFER CROSS OFFER COUNTER OFFER STANDING OFFER

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I MAKE AN OFFER TO RAM TO BUY HIS HOUSE IN RS. 5 LAKH, HE MAKES ANOTHER OFFER TO SELL THE HOUSE AT RS. 6 LAKH. WHAT IS HIS  IS IT CROSS OFFER = NO OFFER?

IT IS COUNTER OFFER

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I MAKE AN OFFER TO RAM TO SELL MY HOUSE AT RS. 5 LAKH, RAM ALSO MAKES AN OFFER TO BUY MY HOUSE AT RS. 5 LAKH. I SEND MY OFFER BY POST, HE SENDS HIS OFFER BY EMAIL. WHAT OFFERS ARE THESE?  CROSS OFFER.

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I TELL RAM THAT HE MAY BUY MY HOUSE AT ANY TIME IN FUTURE AT RS. 5 LAKH. WHAT TYPE OF OFFER IS IT?

STANDING OFFER

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ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AN  DEFINITE OFFER?
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EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED OFFER IS NOT INVITATION TO OFFER CERTAIN INTENED TO CREATE LEGAL RELATIONSHIP OFFER MUST BE COMMUNICATED MUST NOT CONTAIN A TERM – THE NON COMPLIANCE OF WHICH WILL AMOUNT TO AGREEMENT
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I GIVE AN ADVERTISEMENT : “ I HAVE A COMPUTER TO SELL” IS IT AN OFFER?
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NO IT IS AN INVITATION TO OFFER

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I MAKE AN OFFER: “IF YOU DON’T REPLY, I SHALL ASSUME THAT YOU WILL BUY MY HOUSE IN RS. 5 LAKH” IS IT AN OFFER?

NO

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I MAKE AN ADVERTISEMENT THAT I SHALL SELL MY HOUSE FOR RS. 5 LAKH, TO THE PERSON WHO HELPS ME IN MY LEGAL DISPUTE. IS IT  YES – OFFER CAN BE CONDITIONAL AN OFFER.
ALSO.

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I MAKE AN OFFER – “I WANT TO SELL MY HOUSE AT RS. 5 LAKH. IN CASE ANY PERSON IS INTERESTED, HE SHOULD SEND THE REPLY BY EMAIL.” MOHAN REPLIES BY POST. IS IT VALID ACCEPTANCE?

NO – THE ACCEPTANCE HAD TO BE THROUGH EMAIL ONLY (IT WAS CONDITIONAL OFFER).
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WHAT IS ACCEPTANCE?

WHEN A PERSON CONVEYS HIS WILLINGNESS / ASSENT TO OTHER PERSONS’S OFFER (SEC. 2 (B))

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ELEMENTS OF ACCEPTANCE?
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MUST BE ABSOLUTE AND UNQUALIFIED MUST BE COMMUNICATED MUST BE MADE IN PRESCRIBED MANNER MUST BE WITHIN TIME MAY BE DONE BY CONDUCT ALSO

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RAM SENDS ME AN OFFER REQUESTING TO SELL GOODS OF RS. 5000. I DON’T SEND ACCEPTANCE. I SEND THE GOODS. IS IT VALID ACCEPTANCE?

YES – ACCEPTANCE CAN BE BY CONDUCT ALSO.

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I SEND AN OFFER TO JITENDRA BY POST. I SEND IT ON 1 JULY BUT JITENDRA RECEIVES IT ON 10 JULY. WHEN DID I MAKE AN OFFER?
10 JULY

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IN THE PREVIOUS QUESTION, WHEN CAN I WITHDRAW MY OFFER AND HOW?

BEFORE 10 JULY – MY WIDHDRAWAL MUST REACH BEFORE MY OFFER – BY ANY MEANS

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WHAT IS CONSIDERATION?

AT THE DESIRE OF PROMISOR, THE PROMISEE OR ANY OTHER PERSON HAS DONE SOMETHING OR ABSTAIN FROM DOING OR DOES OR ABSTAINS FROM DOING OR PROMISES TO DO OR ABSTAIN FROM DOING SOMETHING – SUCH ACT / ABSTINANCE IS CALLED CONSIDERATION FOR PROMISE SEC. 2 (D)
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ELEMENTS OF CONSIDERATION?
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Must be at the desire of promisor May be present future or past Need not be adequate. Must be real May be for doing something or for not doing something

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If I tell a police officer to protect me and in exchange to that I offer to pay him Rs. 5000. dutyit valid Is of police officer to protect.  It is the consideration? Therefore such consideration is not valid.

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I tell Jitendra to give me his house and in return I promise to show him an elephant with horns. Is it a validwe know that elephent with horn is not  No – consideration?
possible – so this is not a valid consideration.

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Which are the agreements, which are valid without  Based on natural love consideration?
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Based on past voluntary services Time barred debt Gifts (In other cases, agreement without consideration is void as per section 25).

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A husband promises to give his car to his wife without consideration. Is this agreement valid?  Yes – based on natural love

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There was an agreement between Ram and Shyam, can Hari go to court to enforce this agreement?  In some cases third party can also go to the
court to enforce the agreement. These are the matters where third party is involved in the matter as beneficiary.

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When can third party sue for agrement?
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Beneficiary in the case of trust A female member in the case of HUF agremeents for provision of marriange expenses In cse of estoppel by acknowledgement Where benefit from contract have been assigned to some other person

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ABOUT AFTERSCHOOOL
Afterschoool conducts three year integrated PGPSE (after class 12th along with IAS / CA / CS) and 18 month PGPSE (Post Graduate Programme in Social Entrepreneurship) along with preparation for CS / CFP / CFA /CMA / FRM. This course is also available online also. It also conducts workshops on social entrepreneurship in schools and colleges all over India – start social entrepreneurship club in your institution today with the help from afterschoool and help us in developing society.

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Why such a programme?

To promote people to take up entrepreneurship and help develop the society To enable people to take up franchising and other such options to start a business / social development project To enable people to take up social development as their mission To enable people to promote spirituality and positive thinking in the world

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Who are our supporters?

Afterschoolians, our past beneficiaries, entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs are supporting us. You can also support us – not necessarily by money – but by being promotor of our concept and our ideas.

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About AFTERSCHOOOL PGPSE – the best programme for developing great entrepreneurs
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Most flexible, adaptive but rigorous programme Available in distance learning mode Case study focused- latest cases Industry oriented practical curriculum Designed to make you entrepreneurs – not just an employee Option to take up part time job – so earn while you learn The only absolutely free course on internet
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Workshops from AFTERSCHOOOL
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IIF, Delhi CIPS, Jaipur ICSI Hyderabad Branch Gyan Vihar, Jaipur Apex Institute of Management, Jaipur Aravali Institute of Management, Jodhpur Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneshwar Pacific Institute, Udaipur Engineering College, Hyderabad

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Flexible Specialisations:
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Spiritualising business and society Rural development and transformation HRD and Education, Social Development NGO and voluntary work Investment analysis,microfinance and inclusion Retail sector, BPO, KPO Accounting & Information system (with CA / CS /CMA) Hospital management and Health care Hospitality sector and culture and heritage Other sectors of high growth, high technology and social relevance

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Salient features:
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The only programme of its kind (in the whole world) No publicity and low profile course For those who want to achieve success in life – not just a degree Indepth knowledge and expertise Professional approac: World class approach Strong intellectual and business capabilities Flexible – you may stay for a month and continue the rest of the education by distance mode. / you may attend weekend classes Scholarships for those from poor economic background Latest and constantly changing curriculum – keeping pace with the time Placement for those who are interested Admissions open throughout the year Latest and most advanced technologies, books and study material

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Components
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Pedagogy curriculum and approach based on IIM Ahmedabad and ISB Hyderabad (the founder is alumnus from IIMA & ISB Hyderabad) Meditation, spiritualisation, and self development Essential softwares for business Business plan, Research projects Participation in conferences / seminars Workshops on leadership, team building etc. Written submissions of research projects/articles / papers Interview of entrepreneurs, writing biographies of entrepreneurs Editing of journals / newsletters Consultancy / research projects Assignments, communication skill workshops Participation in conferences and seminars Group discussions, mock interviews, self development diaryng Mind Power Training & writing workshop (by Dr. T.K.Jain)

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Pedagogy
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Case analysis, Articles from Harvard Business Review Quiz, seminars, workshops, games, Visits to entrepreneurs and industrial visits Presentations, Latest audio-visuals Group discussions and group projects Periodic self assessment Mentoring and counselling Study exchange programme (with institutions out of India) Rural development / Social welfare projects

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Branches

AFTERSCHOOOL will shortly open its branches in important cities in India including Delhi, Kota, Mumbai, Gurgaon and other important cities. Afterschooolians will be responsible for managing and developing these branches – and for promoting social entrepreneurs.

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Case Studies

We want to write case studies on social entrepreneurs, first generation entrepreneurs, ethical entrepreneurs. Please help us in this process. Help us to be in touch with entrepreneurs, so that we may develop entrepreneurs.

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Basic values at afterschoool
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Share to learn more Interact to develop yourself Fear is your worst enemy Make mistakes to learn Study & discuss in a group Criticism is the healthy route to mutual support and help Ask fundamental questions : why, when, how & where? Embrace change – and compete with yourself only

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www.afterschoool.tk social entrepreneurship for better society

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