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OFFSHORE SERVICE SPECIFICATION

DNV-OSS-104

Rules for Classification of Self-Elevating Units


APRIL 2012

The electronic pdf version of this document found through http://www.dnv.com is the officially binding version
The content of this service document is the subject of intellectual property rights reserved by Det Norske Veritas AS (DNV). The user accepts that it is prohibited by anyone else but DNV and/or its licensees to offer and/or perform classification, certification and/or verification services, including the issuance of certificates and/or declarations of conformity, wholly or partly, on the basis of and/or pursuant to this document whether free of charge or chargeable, without DNV's prior written consent. DNV is not responsible for the consequences arising from any use of this document by others.

DET NORSKE VERITAS AS

FOREWORD
DET NORSKE VERITAS (DNV) is an autonomous and independent foundation with the objectives of safeguarding life, property and the environment, at sea and onshore. DNV undertakes classification, certification, and other verification and consultancy services relating to quality of ships, offshore units and installations, and onshore industries worldwide, and carries out research in relation to these functions. DNV service documents consist of among others the following types of documents: Service Specifications. Procedural requirements. Standards. Technical requirements. Recommended Practices. Guidance. The Standards and Recommended Practices are offered within the following areas: A) Qualification, Quality and Safety Methodology B) Materials Technology C) Structures D) Systems E) Special Facilities F) Pipelines and Risers G) Asset Operation H) Marine Operations J) Cleaner Energy

O) Subsea Systems

Det Norske Veritas AS April 2012 Any comments may be sent by e-mail to rules@dnv.com

If any person suffers loss or damage which is proved to have been caused by any negligent act or omission of Det Norske Veritas, then Det Norske Veritas shall pay compensation to such person for his proved direct loss or damage. However, the compensation shall not exceed an amount equal to ten times the fee charged for the service in question, provided that the maximum compensation shall never exceed USD 2 million. In this provision "Det Norske Veritas" shall mean the Foundation Det Norske Veritas as well as all its subsidiaries, directors, officers, employees, agents and any other acting on behalf of Det Norske Veritas.

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Changes Page 3

CHANGES
General
This is a new document. These new rules was approved by the Executive Committee in April 2012. The rules come into force 1 October 2012.

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Table of contents
PART 0 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................... 5
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION .........................................................................................................6 CHAPTER 2 CONTENTS IN DETAIL ............................................................................................. 10

PART 1 GENERAL REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS .................................. 18


CHAPTER 1 CLASSIFICATION PRINCIPLES ............................................................................... 19 CHAPTER 2 PROCEDURES ......................................................................................................... 21 CHAPTER 3 PRINCIPLES AND CONDITIONS ............................................................................. 22

PART 2 MATERIALS AND WELDING ............................................................... 25


CHAPTER 1 METALLIC MATERIALS ........................................................................................... 26 CHAPTER 2 STRUCTURAL FABRICATION ................................................................................. 27

PART 3 HULL AND EQUIPMENT ...................................................................... 28


CHAPTER 1 STRUCTURAL DESIGN ............................................................................................ 29 CHAPTER 2 STABILITY AND WATERTIGHT INTEGRITY ........................................................... 36 CHAPTER 3 TOWING .................................................................................................................... 40

PART 4 MACHINERY SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT ........................................ 42


CHAPTER 1 MARINE, MACHINERY AND PIPING SYSTEMS ..................................................... 43 CHAPTER 2 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS ................................................................................ 55 CHAPTER 3 AREA ARRANGEMENTS ......................................................................................... 63 CHAPTER 4 CONTROL AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS ...................................................... 68 CHAPTER 5 FIRE PROTECTION .................................................................................................. 73 CHAPTER 6 ENHANCED CONTROL & SAFETY SYSTEMS ....................................................... 77

PART 5 CERTIFICATION ................................................................................... 80


CHAPTER 1 PROCEDURES ......................................................................................................... 81 CHAPTER 2 MACHINERY AND SYSTEM CERTIFICATION ........................................................ 82

PART 6 NEWBUILDING SURVEY ..................................................................... 90


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................... 91 CHAPTER 2 SURVEY PLANNING ................................................................................................. 92 CHAPTER 3 FABRICATION OF STRUCTURES ........................................................................... 94 CHAPTER 4 COMMISSIONING PROCESS .................................................................................. 95 CHAPTER 5 DELIVERABLES ........................................................................................................ 97

PART 7 CLASSIFICATION IN OPERATION ...................................................... 98


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................... 99 CHAPTER 2 GENERAL PROVISIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR SURVEYS ....................... 100 CHAPTER 3 PREPARATION AND PLANNING .......................................................................... 104 CHAPTER 4 PERIODICAL SURVEYS ......................................................................................... 107 CHAPTER 5 OTHER SURVEYS .................................................................................................. 113 CHAPTER 6 PERMANENTLY INSTALLED SELF-ELEVATING UNITS ...................................... 115

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PART 0 INTRODUCTION

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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
Section 1. General
The Classification Rules for design and construction of self-elevating units can be found in the applicable requirements of DNV Offshore standards and MODU Rules. Recognizing that these standards are generic in nature, both in the topics covered and in the actual requirement description, there is an opportunity to construct an abstract of these with a focus on self-elevating unit relevant requirements.

Section 2. Objective
The objective of this publication is to give a complete but concise overview of the relevant technical standards and DNVs involvement for building and classing a conventional self-elevating unit. In this objective, the book is to be used in conjunction with DNV Offshore Service Specification OSS-101 and the relevant technical standards as referred to therein.

Section 3. Scope
This publication describes the technical and procedural requirements for classification of self-elevating units of a conventional design as covered by main class. Both the description of a conventional design and the scope of main class is further detailed in Part 1. This publication covers the involvement of class for a units different phases during life time, i.e. design, construction, commissioning, delivery and operation. The publication does not cover the requirements for separate additional class notations, nor the requirements for units of an unconventional design. These are detailed in DNVs Offshore Service Specification OSS-101.

Section 4. Structure
To maintain a clear overview, these rules consist of references to the relevant Offshore Standards, Service Specifications and other DNV Service Documents. The degree of reference detail is depending on the nature of the subject. To improve readability and understanding, the references are completed with a direct description of requirements. In special, a description has been included on topics of a higher complexity or risk. The first part of these Rules describes the principles of Classification and its procedures in chapter 1 and 2. The third chapter of this part continues thereafter with the overall technical principles as applicable for the design of a self-elevating unit build under DNV Classification. The technical requirements together with relevant calculations methods are discussed in detail in Parts 2 to 4. The three parts cover the main technical areas of class, subsequently Materials and Welding, Hull and Equipment and Machinery and Systems. Part 5 to 7 thereafter give a concise overview for specific phases of class involvement, that is respectively in the Component and System Certification process, the new building mechanical completion and commissioning and conclusively survey and test requirements in the operational phase after delivery. For a clear separation between the content of this publication and other DNV Rules, Standards or other service documents, references to parts, chapters and sections refer this publication if not explicitly stated otherwise.

Section 5. Definitions
5.1 Verbal forms
Shall: Indicates a mandatory requirement to be followed for fulfillment or compliance with the present service specification. Deviations are not permitted unless formally and rigorously justified, and accepted by all relevant contracting parties. Should: Indicates that among several possibilities one is recommended as particularly suitable, without mentioning or excluding others, or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily required. Other possibilities may be applied subject to agreement. May: Verbal form used to indicate a course of action permissible within the limits of the service specification. Will: Indicates a mandatory action or activity to be undertaken by DNV. (Ref. shall for other parties).
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5.2 Definitions
Approval or approved: Denotes acceptance by DNV of documentation showing design solutions, arrangements and equipment that complies with the Rules. Assessment: An Act of assessing, appraising or evaluating a condition of a product, process or system. Builder: Signifies the party contracted to build a vessel in compliance with the Society's rules. Certificate: A document confirming compliance with the Society's rules or with other rules and regulations for which the Society has been authorized to act. Certification: A service confirming compliance with applicable requirements on the date that the survey was completed. Certification of materials and components (CMC): The activity of ensuring that materials, components and systems used in vessels to be classed by the Society comply with the rule requirements. The scope of classification re-quires that specified materials, components and systems intended for the vessel are certified. Depending on the categorisation, certification may include both plan approval and survey during production and/or of the final product. Class: Class is assigned to and will be retained by vessels complying with applicable requirements of the Society's rules. Classification: A service which comprises the development of independent technical standards for vessels class rules and standards, and to verify compliance with the rules and standards throughout the vessels' life. Close-up examination: An examination where the details of structural components are within the close visual inspection range of the surveyor, i.e. preferably within reach of hand. Commissioning: A process of assuring that components, equipment and the systems are functioning in accordance with the functional requirements. Concurrent surveys: Surveys required to be concurrently completed shall have the same date of completion. A survey required to be carried out in conjunction with or carried out as part of another survey shall be completed on or before the completion of the other survey, however, within the time window for that survey. Condition of Class (CC): Constitutes a requirement that specific measures, repairs or surveys shall be carried out within a specific time limit in order to retain class. Condition on behalf of the flag administration (CA): Constitutes specific measures, repairs or surveys that shall be carried out within a specific time limit in order to retain the statutory certificate. A CA will be issued only when the Society has been authorised to carry out statutory surveys on behalf of the flag ad-ministration. Contract: The specific agreement between DNV and the client. It defines the extent of services requested by the customer, and is concerned with: the classification of vessels or installations, both new buildings and in operation statutory work carried out on behalf of national maritime authorities equipment and materials. Critical structural areas: Areas that have been identified from calculations to require monitoring or from the service history of the subject vessel or from similar or sister vessels to be sensitive to cracking, buckling or corrosion which would impair the structural integrity of the vessel. Customer: Signifies the party who has requested the Society's service. Designer: Signifies a party who creates documentation submitted to the Society for approval or information. Det Norske Veritas (DNV): An autonomous and independent foundation with the purpose of safeguarding life, property and the environment. The foundation operates through the limited company Det Norske Veritas AS, which is registered in Norway and operates through a worldwide network of offices. ESD: Emergency Shut Down. Essential services see Safety systems Exceptional circumstances means unavailability of dry-docking facilities; unavailability of repair facilities; unavailability of essential materials, equipment or spare parts; or delays incurred by action taken to avoid severe weather conditions. Flag administration: The maritime administration of a vessel's country of registry. FMECA: Failure Mode Effect and Consequence Analysis. FUI: Fatigue Utilisation Factor. Contain advice which is not mandatory for the assignment or retention of class, but with which the Society, in light of general experience, advises compliance. IACS: The International Association of Classification Societies. Unified rules, interpretations, guidelines and recommendations may be found on www.iacs.org.uk.

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IMO: The International Maritime Organization. Independent tank: Self-supporting tank which does not form part of the vessel's hull and does not contribute to the hull strength. Independent gravity tank is a tank with design vapour pressure not exceeding 0.7 bar. Pressure vessel is a tank with design gas or vapour pressure exceeding 0.7 bar. ISO: Signifies the International Organisation for Standardization. HP: High Pressure. Manufacturer: Signifies the entity that manufactures the material or product, or carries out part production that determines the quality of the material or product, or does the final assembly of the product. Mechanical Completion (MC): Verification that the components, equipment and the systems are constructed, installed and tested in accordance with applicable drawings and specifications and are ready for testing and commissioning in a safe manner. Memorandum to Owner (MO): Constitutes information related to the ship, its machinery and equipment or to rule requirements. A MO will be issued in relation to information that does not require any corrective action or survey. OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer. Overall examination: An examination intended to report on the overall condition of the structure. Plan approval: Signifies a systematic and independent examination of drawings, design documents or records in order to verify compliance with the rules or statutory requirements. Prompt and thorough repair: A permanent repair completed at the time of survey to the satisfaction of the surveyor, therein removing the need for the imposition of any associated condition of class. Quality system: Signifies both the quality management system and established production and control procedures. Quality Survey Plan (QSP): A plan that systematically identifies activities related to the classification project (e.g., Construction, installation, testing, mechanical completion, pre-commissioning, testing and commissioning) and the extent of involvement each party (i.e., Yard's QC, Yards' QA, DNV and Owners [if desired]) will undertake. Such a plan needs to be submitted to the Society for approval prior to commencement of classification projects. Reliability: The ability of a component or a system to perform its required function under given conditions for a given time interval. Representative tanks: Those tanks which are expected to reflect the condition of other tanks of similar type and service and with similar corrosion protection systems. When selecting representative tanks account shall be taken of the service and repair history on board and identifiable critical and/or suspect areas. Review: Signifies a systematic examination of drawings, design documents or records in order to evaluate their ability to meet requirements, to identify any problems and to pro-pose necessary actions. Safety systems: Systems needed to be continuous available or available on demand to prevent, to detect, to control or to mitigate the effects of an undesirable event, and to safeguard the personnel, environment and the installation. Sighting survey: A survey to confirm that the relevant construction or the equipment is in a satisfactory condition and, as far as can be judged, will remain so until the postponed survey has been carried out. Significant repair: A repair where machinery is completely dismantled and re-assembled. Significant repairs will, furthermore, be cases of repairs after serious damage to machinery. The Society: Signifies Det Norske Veritas AS. Safety systems: Systems, which are provided to prevent, detect, control or mitigate the effects of an accidental event. Failure of a safety system could lead to the development or escalation of an accidental event. Spaces: Separate compartments including holds and tanks. Statement of compliance: A document confirming compliance with specified requirements. Such documents may be issued by the Society in cases where it has not been authorised to certify compliance. Statutory certificates: IMO convention certificates issued on behalf of, or by, national authorities. Statutory survey: Survey carried out by or on behalf of a flag administration. Substantial corrosion: Extent of corrosion such that assessment of corrosion pattern indicates wastage in excess of 75% of allowable margins, but within acceptable limits. Survey: Signifies a systematic and independent examination of a vessel, materials, components or systems in order to verify compliance with the rules and/or statutory requirements. Surveys will be carried out on the vessel, at the construction or repair site as well as at sub-suppliers and other locations at the discretion of the Society, which also decides the extent and method of control.

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Suspect areas: Areas showing substantial corrosion and/or are considered by the surveyor to be prone to rapid wastage. Temporary conditions: Design conditions not covered by operating conditions, e.g. conditions during fabrication, mating and installation phases, dry transit phases. Temporary equipment: equipment intended for use on installations and which is covered by class, requires hook-up to systems covered by class and/or is a significant deck load and/or may pose a risk for fire, explosion and escape routes. Transit conditions: All wet vessel movements from one geographical location to another. Transverse section: Section which includes all longitudinal members such as plating, longitudinals and girders at the deck, side, bottom, inner bottom and hopper side plating, longitudinal bulkhead and bottom plating in top wing tanks, as applicable. For transversely framed vessels, a transverse section includes adjacent frames and their end connections in way of transverse sections. UT: Ultrasonic Testing. Verification: A service that signifies a confirmation through the provision of objective evidence (analysis, observation, measurement, test, records or other evidence) that specified requirements have been met. Witnessing: Signifies attending tests or measurements where the surveyor verifies compliance with agreed test or measurement procedures.

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CHAPTER 2 CONTENTS IN DETAIL


PART 0 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................... 5
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................ 6
Sec.1 Sec.2 Sec.3 Sec.4 Sec.5 General................................................................................................................................ 6 Objective............................................................................................................................. 6 Scope .................................................................................................................................. 6 Structure ............................................................................................................................. 6 Definitions .......................................................................................................................... 6
5.1 Verbal forms ............................................................................................................................... 6 5.2 Definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

CHAPTER 2 CONTENTS IN DETAIL ............................................................................... 10

PART 1 GENERAL REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS .................................. 18


CHAPTER 1 CLASSIFICATION PRINCIPLES ................................................................. 19
Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 19 Sec.2 Application ....................................................................................................................... 19 Sec.3 Notations .......................................................................................................................... 19

CHAPTER 2 PROCEDURES ............................................................................................ 21


Sec.1 Plan Approval ................................................................................................................... 21
1.1 Format ...................................................................................................................................... 21 1.2 Subcontractors ......................................................................................................................... 21 1.3 Plans and data to be submitted ................................................................................................ 21

Sec.2 Certification ...................................................................................................................... 21 Sec.3 Testing and Surveys ........................................................................................................ 21

CHAPTER 3 PRINCIPLES AND CONDITIONS ................................................................ 22


Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 22 Sec.2 Principles.......................................................................................................................... 22
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Classification scope .................................................................................................................. 22 Safety and important systems .................................................................................................. 22 Redundancy ............................................................................................................................. 23 Failure effects ........................................................................................................................... 23 Design temperature .................................................................................................................. 23 Temperature for machinery systems and equipment ............................................................... 23 Cooling water temperatures ..................................................................................................... 24 Humidity.................................................................................................................................... 24 Performance ............................................................................................................................ 24 Inclinations................................................................................................................................ 24 Vibrations ................................................................................................................................. 24

Sec.3 Environmental Conditions .............................................................................................. 23

PART 2 MATERIALS AND WELDING ............................................................... 25


CHAPTER 1 METALLIC MATERIALS ............................................................................. 26
Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 26 Sec.2 Principles ......................................................................................................................... 26
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CHAPTER 2 STRUCTURAL FABRICATION .................................................................... 27


Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 27

PART 3 HULL AND EQUIPMENT ...................................................................... 28


CHAPTER 1 STRUCTURAL DESIGN .............................................................................. 29
Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 29
1.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 29 1.2 Plans and data to be submitted ................................................................................................ 29

Sec.2 Principles.......................................................................................................................... 30 Sec.3 Analysis and Calculations .............................................................................................. 30


3.1 Fatigue analysis........................................................................................................................ 31

Sec.4 Design and Loading Conditions ..................................................................................... 31


4.1 General ..................................................................................................................................... 31 4.2 Environmental conditions ........................................................................................................ 32 4.3 Accidental conditions ............................................................................................................... 32

Sec.5 Loads and Load Effects .................................................................................................. 32


5.1 Accidental loads ....................................................................................................................... 33 5.2 Load calculations ...................................................................................................................... 33

Sec.6 Structural Categorization, Material and Inspection Principles .................................... 33


6.1 Structural categorization ........................................................................................................... 33 6.2 Material selection...................................................................................................................... 33

Sec.7 Structural Strength .......................................................................................................... 34


7.1 Footing strength........................................................................................................................ 34 7.2 Section scantlings..................................................................................................................... 35 7.3 Fatigue strength ....................................................................................................................... 35

Sec.8 Weld Connections............................................................................................................ 35 Sec.9 Corrosion Control ............................................................................................................ 35

CHAPTER 2 STABILITY AND WATERTIGHT INTEGRITY .............................................. 36


Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 36
1.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 36 1.2 Plans and data to be submitted ................................................................................................ 36

Sec.2 Stability ............................................................................................................................. 37 Sec.3 Watertight Integrity, Freeboard and Weathertight Closing Appliances...................... 37
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Materials ................................................................................................................................... 37 Watertight integrity.................................................................................................................... 38 Weathertight closing appliances .............................................................................................. 38 Freeboard ................................................................................................................................. 38 Penetrations ............................................................................................................................. 39

CHAPTER 3 TOWING ....................................................................................................... 40


Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 40
1.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 40 1.2 Plans and data to be submitted ................................................................................................ 40 1.3 Principles .................................................................................................................................. 40

Sec.2 Towing .............................................................................................................................. 40


2.1 General ..................................................................................................................................... 40 2.2 Material ..................................................................................................................................... 40 2.3 Strength analysis ...................................................................................................................... 41 DET NORSKE VERITAS AS

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PART 4 MACHINERY SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT ........................................ 42


CHAPTER 1 MARINE, MACHINERY AND PIPING SYSTEMS ........................................ 43
Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 43
1.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 43 1.2 Application ................................................................................................................................ 43 1.3 Plans and data to be submitted ................................................................................................ 43

Sec.2 Principles.......................................................................................................................... 45
2.1 Component design ................................................................................................................... 45

Sec.3 Valves................................................................................................................................ 45
3.1 Design and tests ....................................................................................................................... 45 3.2 Installation ................................................................................................................................ 45 3.3 Operation .................................................................................................................................. 45

Sec.4 Piping ................................................................................................................................ 45


4.1 Design ...................................................................................................................................... 45 4.1.1 Materials ....................................................................................................................... 46 4.2 Platform piping.......................................................................................................................... 46 4.2.1 Pre-load/ballast ............................................................................................................ 46 4.2.2 Bilge and drainage ....................................................................................................... 47 4.2.3 Raw water systems ...................................................................................................... 47 4.2.4 Drag chains .................................................................................................................. 47 4.2.5 Air, overflow and sounding ........................................................................................... 48 4.2.6 Storage and transfer systems for helicopter fuels ........................................................ 48 4.3 Machinery piping ...................................................................................................................... 48 4.3.1 Cooling system ............................................................................................................. 48 4.3.2 Lubrication oil system ................................................................................................... 48 4.3.3 Fuel oil system ............................................................................................................. 48 4.3.4 Feed water and condensation systems ........................................................................ 49 4.3.5 Hydraulic systems ........................................................................................................ 49 4.3.6 Pneumatic power supply .............................................................................................. 49 4.4 Pipe fabrication, workmanship and testing .............................................................................. 49

Sec.5 Rotating Machines ........................................................................................................... 49


5.1 Principles .................................................................................................................................. 49 5.2 Diesel engines .......................................................................................................................... 49 5.3 Starting arrangements .............................................................................................................. 50 5.3.1 Capacity ....................................................................................................................... 50 5.3.2 Pneumatic .................................................................................................................... 50 5.3.3 Electric.......................................................................................................................... 50 5.3.4 Emergency generators ................................................................................................. 51 5.4 Start from dead ship ............................................................................................................... 51

Sec.6 Jacking Gear Machinery.................................................................................................. 51


6.1 General ..................................................................................................................................... 51 6.1.1 Application .................................................................................................................... 51 6.1.2 Document and plans to be submitted ........................................................................... 51 6.2 General .................................................................................................................................... 51 6.3 Materials ................................................................................................................................... 52 6.4 Arrangement ............................................................................................................................. 52 6.5 Gearing ..................................................................................................................................... 52 6.5.1 General......................................................................................................................... 52 6.5.2 Pinion rack.................................................................................................................... 53 6.5.3 Gear casings and bearing structure ............................................................................. 53 6.5.4 Shafts and connections ................................................................................................ 53 6.5.5 Bearings ....................................................................................................................... 53 DET NORSKE VERITAS AS

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6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9

Brakes ...................................................................................................................................... 53 Flexible mountings.................................................................................................................... 53 Control and monitoring ............................................................................................................. 53 Testing & inspection ................................................................................................................. 54 6.9.1 General......................................................................................................................... 54 6.9.2 Workshop testing.......................................................................................................... 54 6.9.3 Installation inspection ................................................................................................... 54 6.9.4 Testing on board .......................................................................................................... 54

CHAPTER 2 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS .................................................................. 55


Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 55
1.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 55 1.2 Application ................................................................................................................................ 55 1.3 Plans and data to be submitted ................................................................................................ 55

Sec.2 Principles.......................................................................................................................... 56 Sec.3 Arrangements and Installation ....................................................................................... 57


3.1 Arrangement ............................................................................................................................. 57 3.2 Installation ................................................................................................................................ 57

Sec.4 Power Supply ................................................................................................................... 57


4.1 Main .......................................................................................................................................... 57 4.1.1 Capacity ....................................................................................................................... 57 4.1.2 Generator prime movers .............................................................................................. 58 4.1.3 System functionality ..................................................................................................... 58 4.1.4 Load shedding and automatic restoration of power ..................................................... 58 4.2 Emergency power supply systems .......................................................................................... 58 4.3 Battery systems ........................................................................................................................ 59 4.4 Power supply to jacking gear.................................................................................................... 59

Sec.5 Sec.6 Sec.7 Sec.8 Sec.9

Electrical Power Distribution .......................................................................................... Protection ......................................................................................................................... Control .............................................................................................................................. Electrical Equipment: ...................................................................................................... Cables ...............................................................................................................................

59 59 60 60 60

9.1 Cable selection ........................................................................................................................ 60 9.2 Cable construction and rating ................................................................................................... 61 9.3 Cable routing and installations ................................................................................................. 61

CHAPTER 3 AREA ARRANGEMENTS ........................................................................... 63


Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 63
1.1 Scope ....................................................................................................................................... 63 1.2 Plans and data to be submitted ................................................................................................ 63

Sec.2 Arrangements................................................................................................................... 63
2.1 Electrical installations ............................................................................................................... 64

Sec.3 Hazardous Areas Installations........................................................................................ 64


3.1 Area classification..................................................................................................................... 64 3.2 Battery rooms, paint stores, and welding gas bottle stores ..................................................... 64 3.3 Requirements for specific systems ........................................................................................... 65 3.3.1 Combustion engines..................................................................................................... 65 3.3.2 Electrical installations and cables................................................................................. 65

Sec.4 Ventilation Systems ......................................................................................................... 65 Sec.5 Marking and Signboards ................................................................................................. 66

CHAPTER 4 CONTROL AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS ......................................... 68


Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 68
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1.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 68 1.2 Application ................................................................................................................................ 68 1.3 Plans and data to be submitted ................................................................................................ 68

Sec.2 Principles.......................................................................................................................... 68
2.1 Response to failures ................................................................................................................. 68 2.1.1 Failure detection ........................................................................................................... 68 2.1.2 Fail-safe functionality.................................................................................................... 69

Sec.3 System Design ................................................................................................................. 69


3.1 Additional requirements for computer based systems.............................................................. 69

Sec.4 Component Design and Installation............................................................................... 69 Sec.5 User Interface ................................................................................................................... 69 Sec.6 Emergency Control .......................................................................................................... 70
6.1 Emergency shut down .............................................................................................................. 70 6.1.1 Additional requirements for notation ES ....................................................................... 70 6.2 Emergency control.................................................................................................................... 71 6.2.1 Additional requirements for notation ES ....................................................................... 71 6.2.2 Emergency control room .............................................................................................. 71

Sec.7 Communication & Alarms ............................................................................................... 71


7.1 Communication......................................................................................................................... 71 7.2 Alarms ...................................................................................................................................... 71 7.2.1 Additional requirements for notation ES ....................................................................... 72

CHAPTER 5 FIRE PROTECTION ..................................................................................... 73


Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 73
1.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 73 1.2 Application ................................................................................................................................ 73 1.3 Plans and data to be submitted ................................................................................................ 73

Sec.2 Principles.......................................................................................................................... 74 Sec.3 Passive Fire Protection ................................................................................................... 74


3.1 Additional requirements for notation ES ................................................................................... 74

Sec.4 Fire Fighting Systems ..................................................................................................... 74


4.1 Fire pumps, fire mains, hydrants and hoses............................................................................. 74 4.2 Active fire protection of specific areas ...................................................................................... 75 4.2.1 Additional requirements for notation ES ....................................................................... 75

Sec.5 Fire and Gas Detection Systems .................................................................................... 75


5.1 Additional requirements for notation ES ................................................................................... 75

Sec.6 Escape .............................................................................................................................. 76

CHAPTER 6 ENHANCED CONTROL & SAFETY SYSTEMS .......................................... 77


Sec.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 77
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 General ..................................................................................................................................... 77 Objective................................................................................................................................... 77 Scope ....................................................................................................................................... 77 Documentation requirements ................................................................................................... 77

Sec.2 Control Systems .............................................................................................................. 77


2.1 Emergency shutdown ............................................................................................................... 77 2.2 Emergency control.................................................................................................................... 78 2.3 Communication......................................................................................................................... 78

Sec.3 Fire Protection.................................................................................................................. 78


3.1 Passive fire protection .............................................................................................................. 78 3.2 Active fire protection of specific areas ...................................................................................... 78 3.3 Fire detectors............................................................................................................................ 79 DET NORSKE VERITAS AS

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PART 5 CERTIFICATION ................................................................................... 80


CHAPTER 1 PROCEDURES ............................................................................................ 81
Sec.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 81 Sec.2 Certification Types........................................................................................................... 81 Sec.3 Class Involvement ........................................................................................................... 81

CHAPTER 2 MACHINERY AND SYSTEM CERTIFICATION ........................................... 82


Sec.1 General.............................................................................................................................. 82 Sec.2 Principles.......................................................................................................................... 82 Sec.3 Machinery Systems and Equipment .............................................................................. 82
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Miscellaneous mechanical components ................................................................................... 83 Pressure vessels ..................................................................................................................... 84 Main power, emergency power, fire water pumps ................................................................... 84 Components in marine piping systems..................................................................................... 85

Sec.4 Electrical Installations ..................................................................................................... 85


4.1 Required certificates ................................................................................................................. 85

Sec.5 Automation and Control System .................................................................................... 88


5.1 General ..................................................................................................................................... 88

Sec.6 Fire Protection.................................................................................................................. 88 Sec.7 Watertight/ Weathertight Integrity .................................................................................. 89

PART 6 NEWBUILDING SURVEY ..................................................................... 90


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................... 91
Sec.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................... 91 Sec.2 Structure ........................................................................................................................... 91 Sec.3 Principles.......................................................................................................................... 91

CHAPTER 2 SURVEY PLANNING ................................................................................... 92


Sec.1 Objective........................................................................................................................... 92 Sec.2 Scope ................................................................................................................................ 92 Sec.3 Quality Survey Plan ......................................................................................................... 92
3.1 Review of the construction facility ............................................................................................ 92 3.2 Kick-off meeting ........................................................................................................................ 92 3.2.1 Quality standards ......................................................................................................... 93 3.3 Survey extent............................................................................................................................ 93

CHAPTER 3 FABRICATION OF STRUCTURES .............................................................. 94


Sec.1 Principles.......................................................................................................................... 94 Sec.2 Technical Provisions ....................................................................................................... 94 Sec.3 Certification and Classification ...................................................................................... 94

CHAPTER 4 COMMISSIONING PROCESS ..................................................................... 95


Sec.1 Sec.2 Sec.3 Sec.4 Sec.5 Sec.6 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 95 Principles.......................................................................................................................... 95 Process ............................................................................................................................. 95 Survey Scope Categories................................................................................................ 95 Test Requirements related to Marine, Utility and Safety Systems .............................. 95 Jacking Trials ................................................................................................................... 96
6.1 Jacking machinery .................................................................................................................... 96 DET NORSKE VERITAS AS

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CHAPTER 5 DELIVERABLES .......................................................................................... 97


Sec.1 Sec.2 Sec.3 Sec.4 Sec.5 Class Certificate............................................................................................................... 97 Conditions of Class ......................................................................................................... 97 Appendix to Class Certificate ......................................................................................... 97 Additional Declarations ................................................................................................... 97 Statutory Certificates....................................................................................................... 97

PART 7 CLASSIFICATION IN OPERATION ...................................................... 98


CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................... 99
Sec.1 Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 99 Sec.2 Objective........................................................................................................................... 99 Sec.3 Scope ................................................................................................................................ 99

CHAPTER 2 GENERAL PROVISIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR SURVEYS ......... 100


Sec.1 Conditions for Retention of Class ................................................................................ 100 Sec.2 Class Involvement ......................................................................................................... 100
2.1 Damage and repairs ............................................................................................................... 100 2.2 Temporary equipment ............................................................................................................ 100

Sec.3 Special Provisions for Ageing Units ............................................................................ 101


3.1 Calculation of fatigue life ........................................................................................................ 101 3.2 Follow up ................................................................................................................................ 101 3.3 Additional inspections ............................................................................................................. 102

Sec.4 Alternative Survey Arrangements ................................................................................ 102 Sec.5 Surveys Performed by Approved Companies............................................................. 102

CHAPTER 3 PREPARATION AND PLANNING ............................................................. 104


Sec.1 Preparation ..................................................................................................................... 104 Sec.2 Planning.......................................................................................................................... 104
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 General ................................................................................................................................... 104 Periodical surveys .................................................................................................................. 104 Specific surveys...................................................................................................................... 105 In-service Inspection Program (IIP) ........................................................................................ 105

CHAPTER 4 PERIODICAL SURVEYS ........................................................................... 107


Sec.1 Annual Survey ................................................................................................................ 107
1.1 Structure and equipment ........................................................................................................ 107 1.1.1 Hull ............................................................................................................................. 107 1.1.2 Watertight/ weathertight integrity ................................................................................ 107 1.1.3 Towing system ........................................................................................................... 107 1.1.4 Machinery and safety systems ................................................................................... 107 1.1.5 Jacking system ........................................................................................................... 107 1.1.6 Hazardous area .......................................................................................................... 108 1.1.7 Drainage, bilge, pre load ........................................................................................ 108 1.1.8 General....................................................................................................................... 108

Sec.2 Intermediate Survey....................................................................................................... 108


2.1 Structure and equipment ........................................................................................................ 108 2.1.1 Legs............................................................................................................................ 108 2.2 Machinery and systems .......................................................................................................... 108 2.2.1 Fire protection/ extinguishing/ prevention................................................................... 108

Sec.3 Renewal Survey ............................................................................................................. 108


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3.2 Structure and equipment ........................................................................................................ 108 3.2.1 Legs............................................................................................................................ 108 3.2.2 Acceptance criteria corrosion limits ............................................................................ 109 3.2.3 Tanks ......................................................................................................................... 109 3.3 Weight/ displacement survey.................................................................................................. 110 3.3.1 Towing equipment ..................................................................................................... 110 3.4 Machinery and systems .......................................................................................................... 110 3.4.1 General....................................................................................................................... 110 3.4.2 Jacking system ........................................................................................................... 111 3.4.3 Raw water pumps....................................................................................................... 111 3.4.4 Hazardous area .......................................................................................................... 111 3.4.5 Fire protection/ extinguishing/ prevention................................................................... 111 3.4.6 Instrumentation and automation ................................................................................. 112 3.5 General ................................................................................................................................... 112

CHAPTER 5 OTHER SURVEYS ..................................................................................... 113


Sec.1 Record Keeping ............................................................................................................ 113 Sec.2 Bottom Survey ............................................................................................................... 113 Sec.3 Spudcan & Leg Survey.................................................................................................. 113
3.1 General ................................................................................................................................... 113 3.2 Scope ..................................................................................................................................... 113 3.3 Inspection ............................................................................................................................... 113

Sec.4 Survey after Ocean Transit ........................................................................................... 113

CHAPTER 6 PERMANENTLY INSTALLED SELF-ELEVATING UNITS ......................... 115


Sec.1 Introduction .................................................................................................................... 115 Sec.2 Fatigue ............................................................................................................................ 115 Sec.3 Inspection and Maintenance ......................................................................................... 115
3.1 Facilities for survey ................................................................................................................. 115

Sec.4 Jacking System .............................................................................................................. 115

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PART 1 GENERAL REGULATIONS AND CONDITIONS

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CHAPTER 1 CLASSIFICATION PRINCIPLES


Section 1. General
General regulations and procedures are described in DNV Offshore Service Specifications-101, Chapter 1. Specific requirements and relevant instructions for classing conventional self-elevating units are contained in this Rule chapter. Deviation from the requirements may be substituted where shown to provide and equivalent or higher level of integrity or safety. Any deviation from the requirements shall be documented and agreed between all contracting parties. The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Overview of references Reference Title DNV-OSS-101 Rules for Classification of Offshore Drilling and Support Units

Section 2. Application
These rules are intended for Self-elevating units of conventional design, that is: Separated legs Not designed for field- or ocean transits under own power Diesel driven generators Rack and pinion type jacking system

For other types of offshore units and self-elevating units with design alternatives or technical solutions not covered in these rules is referred to DNV-OSS-101. Unless stated otherwise, the coming into force date for these rules and the documents referenced by this OSS as technical basis for classification shall be six (6) months after the date of publication.

Section 3. Notations
Vessels build under compliance of the requirements and procedures of these rules shall be given the class notation +1A1 Self-elevating Drilling Unit NON-SELF-PROPELLED. Table 3-1 lists most relevant additional class notation for non-self-propelled, Self-elevating units. A complete list of additional Class notations can be found in OSS-101, Ch.1, Sec.3, B600 and in Rules for Classification of Ships Pt.1 Ch.2.
Table 3-1 Class notation CRANE DRILL E0 ECO ES HELDK ISDS Description Onboard crane Drilling plant Periodically unattended machinery space Machinery centralized operated Enhanced systems Helicopter deck Integrated Software Dependent Systems <none> S H (...) Qualifier Description Design requirements Rules for Classification of Ships, Pt.6 Ch.1 Sec.3 DNV-OS-E101 Rules for Classification of Ships, Pt.6 Ch.3 Rules for Classification of Ships, Pt.6 Ch.3

Cover fire, communication and As marked inside these rules control systems Structure Vessel safety DNV-OS-E401, Ch.2 Helicopter safety See DNV-OS D203 for DNV-OS D203 qualifier definitions

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Table 3-1 (Continued) Class notation Description Inventory of Hazardous Recyclable Materials Part 1 WELL WELLTEST Well intervention system

Qualifier

Description Vessel mounted system excluding subsea equipment. Vessel mounted system including subsea equipment.

Design requirements Rules for Classification of Ships, Pt.6 Ch.27 DNV-OS-E101 DNV-OS-E101, Ch.3

1 2 Well test system

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CHAPTER 2 PROCEDURES
Section 1. Plan Approval
1.1 Format
The documentation for plan approval may be submitted on paper or as an electronic file. Any documents submitted for re-approval or re-examination shall be especially marked to identify the revised parts. Symbols used shall be explained, or reference to a standard code shall be given. Each drawing shall include a title field stating: name of vessel (when known) name of document issuing company name and signature of originator and verifier document no. document title revision no. issue date scale set of measurement units used in the document, e.g. System International.

The document title should not include the name of the vessel. The document title should include the function or component covered by the document. Unique revision numbers shall be allocated to all issues of a document, including the first issue. For documents with multiple sheets, the revision number should be the same for all sheets.

1.2 Subcontractors
Where subcontractors and suppliers are involved, the customer shall co-ordinate the submission of required plans and documents, as well as co-ordinate any approval comments given by the Society. This does not apply for materials, components and systems requiring certification as is discussed in more detail in Part 5.

1.3 Plans and data to be submitted


General list of plans and data to be submitted are included in the applicable technical chapters of Parts 2 to 4. A detailed and project specific list shall be supplied by the DNV responsible directly after the class agreement has been signed. Project specific implies that only those documentation is required as is relevant for the design and within the scope of the contractual agreement between yard and DNV.

Section 2. Certification
The scope of classification requires that specified materials, components and systems intended for the vessel are certified according to the rules. The objective of certification shall ensure that materials, components and systems used in vessels to be classed by the Society comply with the rule requirements. Certification normally includes both plan approval and survey during production and/or of the final product. A detailed description of the certification process and the specific requirements and lists of the specified materials, components and systems is given in Part 5.

Section 3. Testing and Surveys


During the building period DNV carries out surveys at the building yard and its suppliers. The purpose of these is to verify that the construction, components and equipment satisfy the rule requirements and are in accordance with the approved plans, that required materials are used, and that functional tests are carried out as prescribed by the rules. A complete description of these test and surveys is given in Part 6.

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CHAPTER 3 PRINCIPLES AND CONDITIONS


Section 1. General
The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Overview of references Reference Title DNV-OS-D101 Marine and Machinery Systems and Equipment DNV-OS-D201 Electrical Installations DNV-OS-D202 Automation, Safety, and Telecommunication Systems

Section 2. Principles
2.1 Classification scope
These rules with the referred standards give requirements in the following areas: 1) Hull and main structure strength materials and welding corrosion protection passive fire protection weathertight and watertight integrity stability and floatability.

2) Marine and machinery installations and equipment Machinery installations and equipment, including their related auxiliary systems, to the following main functions: jacking gear fire extinguishing drainage and bilge pumping ballasting emergency shutdown systems.

3) Systems and equipment provided to prevent, detect/ warn of an accidental event and/or prevent or mitigate its effects 4) Secure integrity of shelter areas and usability of escape ways and means of evacuation

2.2 Safety and important systems


To further frame the content of the rules, the above listed areas and systems are split into safety (or essential) and important systems. Safety systems are systems needed to be continuous available or available on demand to prevent, to detect, to control or to mitigate the effects of an undesirable event, and to safeguard the personnel, environment and the installation. Examples of safety systems covered by main class: fire pumps emergency shut down (ESD) system fire and gas detection and alarm system systems required to be supplied from batteries or emergency generator, e.g. public address, emergency lighting electric generators and associated power sources supplying the above equipment. control, monitoring and safety devices or systems for safety systems. Important services ensure reliable operation and maintain the units operation within operational limitations. Examples of equipment or systems for important services covered by main class: fuel oil transfer pumps and fuel oil treatment equipment seawater pumps (note) starting air and control air compressors bilge- and ballast/preload pumps ventilating fans for engine rooms ventilating fans for gas dangerous spaces
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main lighting system watertight closing appliances jacking system bilge alarm system electric generators and associated power sources supplying the above equipment. control, monitoring and safety devices or systems for the above equipment Seawater pumps (if used as part of a fire water supply system).

2.3 Redundancy
Safety systems are always to be available. To secure that safety systems always are available, the general principle is that components and systems shall be arranged with redundancy so that a single failure of any active component or system does not cause loss of any main function. Availability is as such, further indirect defined in the requirement to a system i.e where this general principle may be waived and/ or where duplication of components is required. Redundancy can either be arranged by installing more than one unit (component redundancy) or by having two or more systems capable of performing the same functions (system redundancy). For redundancy on a component level a single failure of an active component shall not lead to a reduction of the output power for the main function served. When two or more components are performing the same function, these shall be mutually independent and at least one shall be independently driven. Components arranged as part of the designed redundancy, yet only performing important functions to a main unit, can be directly powered by the main unit through separate power transmissions, on the condition that these components are not necessary for the starting of the main unit. When traditional mechanical components are replaced by electronic components, these components shall have the same reliability as the mechanical component being replaced. Machinery or equipment having remote or automatic control, shall have additional alternative provisions for attendance and operation.

2.4 Failure effects


In the event of failure, components and systems shall enter the least hazardous of the possible failure states with regard to machinery, personnel and environment. Failure of one component in a system arranged as part of the designed redundancy shall not lead to failure or damage to backup or parallel components or systems. For failure detection see Pt.4, Ch.4, Sec.2.1.

Section 3. Environmental Conditions


All components and systems covered by this standard shall be designed to operate under the following environmental conditions unless otherwise specified in the detailed requirements for the component or system.

3.1 Design temperature


The units design temperature is a minimum temperature used as a criterion for the selection of steel grades. The design temperature shall be specified by the customer and is to be taken as the lower or equal to the lowest mean daily temperature in air for the relevant areas. For seasonal restricted operations the lowest mean daily temperature in air for the season may be applied.
Guidance note: It is underlined that design temperatures below 0 degrees are only relevant for waters in the higher latitudes (e.g. northern part of North Sea, Canadian waters etc). For these waters and their harsh conditions, relevant considerations should be taken (e.g. OS-C201, Sec.2 B304 on water trapped in local structures, OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.3 F108 on freezing of vents, OS-D301 in protecting the fire equipment against freezing etc) In addition, class notations related to cold climate operations as listed in OSS-101, Ch.1 Sec.3, B 700 can be relevant as well.
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The design temperature shall be listed in the appendix to Class Certificate (see also Pt.6, Ch.5, Sec.3).
Guidance note: In the different offshore standards is in addition to a design temperature a service temperature defined. For selfelevating units, the two temperatures are equal.
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3.2 Temperature for machinery systems and equipment


Machinery systems and equipment shall be constructed for continuous operation in the range of ambient
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temperatures as specified in the table below.


Table 3-1 Location 1 Minimum ambient air temperature range for continuous operation (C) From To

Engine rooms, boiler rooms, galleys and similar 0 +451 spaces, accommodation spaces. 2 Open deck, deckhouses and similar spaces which are -25 +45 not provided with space heating. 1 Where equipment is installed within environmentally controlled spaces the ambient temperature for which the equipment shall be suitable may be reduced from 45C and maintained at a value not less than 35C provided: the equipment is not for use for emergency services, and shall not be in operation after ESD has been activated temperature control is achieved by at least two cooling units so arranged that in the event of loss of one cooling unit, for any reason, the remaining unit(s) is capable of satisfactorily maintaining the design temperature the equipment can be started in a 45C ambient temperature and kept in operation until the lesser ambient temperature may be achieved the cooling equipment shall be rated for a 45C ambient temperature malfunction of, or loss of a cooling unit shall be alarmed at a manned control station. In accepting a lesser ambient temperature than 45C, it shall be ensured that electrical cables for their entire length are adequately rated for the maximum ambient temperature to which they are exposed along their length. (ref IACS UR E19)

For the different environmental classes and the specified temperature ranges as applicable for control- and communication equipment see DNV-OS-D202, Ch.2, Sec.4 B.

3.3 Cooling water temperatures


Electrical equipment shall be constructed for continuous operation under full rated load, at a seawater temperature range from 0 to +32C.

3.4 Humidity
All equipment shall be constructed to withstand, and function safely in relative humidity up to 95%.

3.5 Performance
For performance requirements of machine systems, the conditions of Table 3-2 can be applied (ref IACS UR M28):
Table 3-2 Parameter Total barometric pressure Ambient air temperature Relative humidity of air Sea water temperature Value 1 bar 45C 60% 32C

3.6 Inclinations
All machinery, components and systems essential for safe operation are to be designed for operation under the following inclination values: inclination 10 from normal level in any direction under normal static conditions inclination 15 from normal level in any direction under normal dynamic conditions
Guidance note: Other values may be accepted if justified by calculations for the particular offshore unit. National authorities may require larger inclinations.
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3.7 Vibrations
Electrical equipment and components shall be constructed to withstand, without malfunctioning, or electrical connections loosening, at least a vibration frequency range 5 to 50 Hz with vibration velocity amplitude 20 mm/s. For flexible mounted equipment, special considerations shall be given to the construction of the equipment since larger vibrations may occur. For control- and communication equipment vibration requirements see DNV-OS-D202, Ch.2, Sec.4 B.
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PART 2 MATERIALS AND WELDING

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CHAPTER 1 METALLIC MATERIALS


Section 1. General
The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Overview of references Reference Title DNV-OS-C101 Design of Offshore Steel Structures, General DNV-OS-C201 Structural Design of Offshore Units (WSD method) DNV-OS-C301 Stability and Watertight Integrity DNV-OS-D101 Marine and Machinery Systems and Equipment DNV-OS-E301 Position Mooring

Section 2. Principles
Principles for certification of steels for structural application are given by standard DNV-OS-B101. Requirements for the specific materials selections are given in the technical chapters of Part 3 and 4 of this book:
Table 2-1 Topic Structural steel Watertight Integrity, Freeboard and Weathertight Closing Appliances Towline fastening devices and their supporting structures Anchors Windlasses, winches and chain stoppers Materials for piping Jacking gear Rule book reference Pt.3, Ch.1, Sec.6.2 Offshore standard C201, Ch.2, Sec.4 D C201, Ch.2, Sec.12, B300 C301, Ch.2, Sec.2 B C101, Ch.1 Sec.4 E301, Ch.2 Sec.4 B E301, Ch.2, Sec.2, K400 D101, Ch.2, Sec.2 B

Pt.3, Ch.3, Sec.2.2

Pt.4, Ch.1, Sec.4.1 Pt.4, Ch.1, Sec.6.3

When material other than steel and aluminum alloys (evidenced by previous service experience) is used in structural fabrication and for equipment relating to Main Class, documentation of the materials applicability for intended purpose shall be documented with due regard to the materials mechanical properties and its responding service performances. Materials with low heat resistance shall not be used in components where fire may cause outflow of flammable or toxic fluids, flooding of any watertight compartment or destruction of watertight integrity.
Guidance note: Materials with high heat resistance are materials having a melting point greater than 925C. Materials with low heat resistance are all other materials. Deviations from the above requirement will be subject to special considerations.
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CHAPTER 2 STRUCTURAL FABRICATION


Section 1. General
Principles and requirements for structural fabrication are given by standard DNV-OS-C401 as discussed in detail in Pt.6, Ch.3

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PART 3 HULL AND EQUIPMENT

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CHAPTER 1 STRUCTURAL DESIGN


Section 1. General
1.1 Introduction
The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Overview of references Reference Title DNV-OS-A101 Safety Principles and Arrangement DNV-OS-C104 Structural Design of Self Elevating Units (LRFD method) DNV-OS-C201 Structural Design of Offshore Units (WSD method) DNV-OS-C401 Fabrication and Testing of Offshore Structures DNV-OS-D101 Marine and Machinery Systems and Equipment DNV-RP-C104 (recommendations for the strength analyses of main structures of) Self-elevating units. DNV-RP-C204 Design Against Accidental Loads DNV-RP-C205 Environmental Conditions and Environmental Loads

1.2 Plans and data to be submitted


Plans necessary to access the strength of the structure including the details of the joints and welding are to be submitted and approved before steel cutting. A general overview of the content of the plans and analyses is listed below. A more detailed overviewed, tuned to the specific design and project scope can be obtained from DNVs Nauticus Production System.
Table 1-2 Documentation requirements Object Vessel arrangement Self elevating unit structure Documentation type Additional description For approval (AP) or For information (FI) On request (R) FI FI FI FI AP AP FI; R FI FI AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP FI

Foundations Legs Leg > Lattice leg chord racks Hull Cantilevers Deck Houses Accommodation module structure Accommodation module Accommodation module substructure Drillfloor Drillfloor deck Drillfloor substructure Anchoring, mooring and towing

Z010 - General arrangement plan H010 - Structural design brief H020 - Design load plan H030 - Tank and capacity plan H040 - Structural categorisation plan H080 - Design analyses H090 - Model test documentation H120 - Docking arrangement plan H132 - Tank testing plan H050 - Structural drawing H080 - Design analyses H050 - Structural drawing H080 - Design analyses C060 - Mechanical component documentation H050 - Structural drawing H080 - Design analyses H050 - Structural drawing H080 - Design analyses H050 - Structural drawing H080 - Design analyses H080 - Design analyses H050 - Structural drawing H050 - Structural drawing H080 - Design analyses H050 - Structural drawing H050 - Structural drawing Z030 - System arrangement plan Incl loads

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Anchoring arrangement

H100 - Equipment number calculation Z090 - Equipment list

AP Including type of anchor, grade of anchor chain, and type and breaking load of steel and fibre ropes. 1 Including footprint. Applicable if static force > 50 kN or bending moment > 100 kNm. 2 Applicable if static force > 50 kN or bending moment > 100 kNm AP

Jack houses H050 - Structural drawing1 Jack house > Fixation system support Helicopter deck supporting structure Accommodation module supporting structure Drillfloor supporting structure Derrick supporting structure Drilling fluid return trip independent H080 - Design analyses2 tanks supporting structure Main electric power generation arrangement (Main/Emergency) > Main generator supporting structure (Main/Emergency) Auxiliary boiler supporting structure Auxiliary feed water independent tanks supporting structure Helicopter fuel storage independent tanks supporting structures Sea chests Ballast pumping unit arrangement (Service) > Ballast pumping unit supporting structure (Service) Internal watertight door / ramp supporting structure Accommodation ladder supporting structure Anchor winch supporting structure Anchor chain stopper supporting structure Anchor fairlead supporting structure Passive towing equipment supporting structures Offshore crane pedestal A-frames supporting structures Offshore crane supporting structure

AP

AP

Section 2. Principles
The unit or installation shall be designed and constructed with sufficient integrity to withstand operational and environmental loading throughout its lifecycle. Systems and structures shall be designed with suitable functionality and survivability for prevention of, or protection from, design accident events affecting the unit or installation. Refer also DNV-RP-C204 - Design Against Accidental Loads. The structure shall be designed to resist relevant loads associated with conditions that may occur during all stages of the life-cycle of the unit. The conditions that should be considered are: transit condition(s) installation condition operating condition(s) survival condition retrieval condition.

Section 3. Analysis and Calculations


Structural analysis shall be performed to evaluate the structural strength due to global and local effects as

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described in DNV-OS-C201, Sec.12 E as listed in the table below.


Table 3-1 Description General Global structural models Local structural models Fatigue Reference in DNV-OS-C201, Sec.12 Sec.12, E100 Sec.12, E200 Sec.12, E300 See Section 3.1 below

Methods for analysis and calculations are described by DNV-RP-C104.

3.1 Fatigue analysis


A fatigue strength analysis according to DNV-OS-C201 Sec.7 and DNV-OS-C201 Sec.12 H shall be undertaken for members and joints for which fatigue fracture is possible mode of failure. For conventional jack- ups the following areas shall normally be assessed: spudcans and leg at the leg-to spudcan connection leg and hull/jacking structure at and around the leg-to-hull connections joints and members of legs (e.g. span breakers) located at and around the splash zone. The required models and methods for fatigue analysis for self-elevating units are dependent on type of operation, environment and design type of the unit. For units operating at deeper waters where the first natural periods of the unit are within t he range of significant wave energy, the associated dynamic structural responses shall be considered in the fatigue analysis. The design fatigue life for the structure components should be based on the structure service life specified. If a service life is not specified, 20 years should be used.

Section 4. Design and Loading Conditions


4.1 General
Each structural member shall be designed for the least favourable of the loading conditions given in the table below.
Table 4-1 Case Description a) functional loads b) maximum combination of environmental loads and associated functional loads c) accidental loads and associated functional loads d) annual most probable value of environmental loads and associated functional loads after credible failures, or after accidental events e) annual most probable value of environmental loads and associated functional loads in a heeled condition corresponding to accidental flooding

Relevant loading conditions for the different design condition are shown in Table 4-2.
Table 4-2 Design conditions Transit Installation Operation Survival Retrieval a) x x x Loading conditions b) c) d) x x x x x x x e) x Reference DNV-OS-C201 Sec.12 C200 and DNV-RP-C104 Ch.4.5 DNV-OS-C201 Sec.12 C300 and DNV-RP-C104 Ch.4.6 DNV-OS-C201 Sec.12 C400 and DNV-RP-C104 Ch.4.1 - 4.4 DNV-OS-C201 Sec.12 C400 and DNV-RP-C104 Ch.4.1-4.4. DNV-OS-C201 Sec.12 C300 and DNV-RP-C104 Ch.4.6

Load cases shall be established for the various design conditions based on the least favourable combinations of functional loads, environmental loads and/or accidental loads. Limiting environmental and operating conditions (design data) for the different design conditions shall be specified by Owner or Designer. Limiting design criteria for going from one design condition to another shall be specified by Owner or Designer and be clearly established and documented.
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If the unit is intended to be dry docked, the footing structure (i.e. spudcans) and/or the barge shall be suitably strengthened to withstand the loads.

4.2 Environmental conditions


Environmental conditions for design of self-elevating units are given by DNV-OS-C201 Sec.12 D. Combination of loads are given in DNV-OS-C201 Sec.3 F and DNV-OS-C201 Sec.12 F1200. In conjunction with combination of environmental loads for loading condition b) (ref. DNV-OS-C201 Sec.3 F104) the sustained wind velocity, i.e. the 1 minute average velocity, shall be used. If gust wind alone is more unfavourable than sustained wind in conjunction with wave forces, the gust wind velocity shall be used. For local load calculations gust wind velocity shall be used. Principles and formulas for calculation of wind loads may be taken from DNV-RP-C205 Sec.2.
Guidance note: For units intended for unrestricted service (worldwide operation) a wind velocity of not less than 51.5 m/s (v1min10) combined with maximum wave forces will cover most locations. The corresponding wind force should be based on a wind velocity profile given by DNV-RP-C205 Chapter 2. Clause 2.3.2.12, or equivalent. See also the guidance given in DNV-RP-C104 Sec.2.4.
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4.3 Accidental conditions


The overall objective for design with respect to accidental conditions is that unit's main safety functions shall not be impaired by accidental events. Satisfactory protection against accidental damage may be achieved by two barriers: reduction of damage probability reduction of damage consequences. The design against accidental loads may be done by direct calculation of the effects imposed by the loads on the structure, or indirectly, by design of the structure as tolerable to accidents. Examples of the latter are compartmentation of floating units which provides sufficient integrity to survive certain collision scenarios without further calculations.
Guidance note: Recommendations for design of structures exposed to accidental events can be found in DNV-RP-C204.
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General requirements for accidental events are given by DNV-OS-C201 as listed in Table 4-3.
Table 4-3 Description Collisions Dropped objects Explosions Unintended flooding Reference in DNV-OS-C201 Sec.12, I200 Sec.8, B300 Sec.8, B500 Sec.12, I600

Technical requirements given in DNV-OS-C201 related to design for earthquake of mobile self-elevating drilling units are not mandatory as part of classification. For the loads taken into account for accidental conditions see Section 5.1

Section 5. Loads and Load Effects


Loads and load effects are given by DNV-OC-C201 as listed in the table below.
Table 5-1 Description Permanent functional loads Variable function loads Tank loads Environmental loads Accidental loads Deformation loads Fatigue loads Reference in DNV-OS-C201 Sec.3 C and Sec.12 F200 Sec.3 D and Sec.12 F300 Sec.3 D300 and Sec.12 F400 Sec.3 E, and Sec.12 F500 F1100 Sec.3 G Sec.3 H Sec.7 and Sec.12 H

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Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.3 Ch.1 Sec.6. Structural Categorization, Material and Inspection Principles Page 33

5.1 Accidental loads


Accidental loads are to be taken into consideration. The loads shall be based on an individual frequency of occurrence in the order of 10-4 per year, corresponding to an overall frequency of 4 x 10-4 per year as the impairment frequency limit. The generic accidental loads are given by DNV-OS-A101,-C201 and -C301 as detailed in Table 5-2.
Table 5-2 Description Dropped objects Collision loads Unintended flooding Explosions loads Reference in DNV-OS-A101, -C201 and -C301 DNV-OS-A101 Sec.2 D200 and DNV-OS-C201 Sec.8 B300 DNV-OS-A101 Sec.2 D300 and DNV-OS-C201 Sec.8 B200 1) DNV-OS-C301 Ch.2 Sec.1 E100/E300 DNV-OS-A101 Sec.2 D600 and DNV-OS-C201 Sec.8 B500

5.2 Load calculations


Load calculations are described in DNV-OS-C201 Sec.12 E. and DNV-RP-C104.

Section 6. Structural Categorization, Material and Inspection Principles


6.1 Structural categorization
Application categories for structural components are defined in DNV-OS-C201 Sec.4. Structural members of self-elevating units with separate footing are normally found in the following groups: a) Special category Highly stressed elements of bottom of leg, including leg connection to spudcan. Intersections of lattice type- or trussed leg structure, which incorporates novel construction, including the use of steel castings. Highly stressed elements of guide structures, jacking and locking system(s), jackhouse and support structure. Highly stressed elements of crane pedestals, etc. and their supporting structure.
Guidance note: Highly stressed areas are normally considered to be areas utilized more than 85% of the allowable yield capacity.
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b) Primary category Combination of bulkhead, deck, side and bottom plating within the hull which forms Box or I type acting as main beam All components of lattice type legs and external plating of cylindrical legs. Jackhouse supporting structure and bottom footing structure, which receives initial transfer of load from legs. Internal bulkheads, shell and deck of spudcan which are designed to distribute major loads, either uniform or concentrate. Main support structure of heavy substructures and equipment, e.g. cranes, drill floor substructure, life boat platform and helicopter deck. c) Secondary category Deck, side and bottom plating of hull except areas where the structure is considered primary or special application. Bulkheads, stiffeners, decks and girders in hull that are not considered as primary or special application. Internal bulkheads and girders in non-trussed legs. Internal bulkheads, stiffeners and girders of spudcan structures, except where the structures are considered primary or special application.

6.2 Material selection


General requirement to material selection are given by DNV-OS-C201 Sec.4 D For rack plates with specified minimum yield stress equal to 690 N/mm2 in rack and pinion jacking systems steel grade NV E690 is acceptable for rack plates with thickness up to 250 mm and for service temperature down to -20C.

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.3 Ch.1 Sec.7. Structural Strength Page 34

Section 7. Structural Strength


General requirements are given by DNV-OS-C201 Sec.5 with specific considerations for Self-Elevating units in Sec.12 G as listed in the table below.
Table 7-1 Description Flat Plated Structures and Stiffened Panels Shell Structures Tubular Members, Tubular Joints and Conical Transitions Non-Tubular Beams, Columns and Frames Strength of Plating and Stiffeners Bending and Shear in Girders Global capacity Leg strength Jackhouse support strength Hull strength Reference in DNV-OS-C201 Ch.2, Sec.5 B Ch.2, Sec.5 C Ch.2, Sec.5 D Ch.2, Sec.5 E Ch.2, Sec.6 B Ch.2, Sec.6 C Ch.2, Sec.12, G200 Ch.2, Sec.12, G400 Ch.2, Sec.12, G500 Ch.2, Sec.12, G600

7.1 Footing strength


Spud cans shall be designed by taking into account the effect of uneven distribution from seabed conditions and scouring. The strength checks for the spudcan, the leg-to-spudcan connections and the two lowest leg bays (lattice legs) for separate type spudcans should normally not be based on lower loads than given below: M e = 0.425 Fv R

qc =

Fv 2 0.5R

i) The design load Fv is evenly distributed over 50% of the bottom area: and, qd = design contact pressure Med = design eccentricity moment Fvd = maximum design axial load in the leg accounting for functional loads and environmental overturning loads. R = equivalent radius of spudcan contact area ii) The design load Fvd is concentrically distributed over a range of bearing areas, from the minimum design penetration (supported on spudcan tip) up to and including full spudcan bottom area. iii) If elevated condition is designed based on pinned leg footings; The spudcan and the leg-to-spudcan connections are to be designed for the maximum vertical reaction and the associated horizontal reaction in conjunction with 35% of the maximum calculated moment at the lower guide (to account for the eccentric effects of possible scour and uneven bottom conditions) acting in the most unfavourable direction. The maximum lower guide bending moment is to be calculated with pin-ended conditions. iv) If elevated condition is designed based on moment fixity at leg footings: The maximum vertical reaction, in conjunction with the associated horizontal reaction and spudcansoil fixity moment, acting in the most unfavourable direction. The maximum spudcan-soil fixity moment in conjunction with the associated vertical and horizontal reactions, acting in the most unfavourable direction. The design moments and soil pressures above are based on a relative homogenous seabed, for example for sand or clay seabed. Local stiff soil supporting in the bottom plate outside the strong tip should be avoided. It is assumed that this will be evaluated in the sea bed surveys in connection with site specific assessments when the unit is used on specific locations.
Guidance note: Cases (i) and (ii) above shall always to be checked together with one of the cases (iii) or (iv). Case (iii) or (iv) is checked based on the leg footing assumption used in design. For quadratic shaped spudcans: For rectangular spudcans with long side b and Short side s, the design load Fv can be evenly distributed over 50% of the bottom area. The corresponding design pressure

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.3 Ch.1 Sec.8. Weld Connections Page 35

Fvd -----------qd = --0.5 b s The corresponding design moment about the two main axis: Med-1 = 0,25 Fvd b Med-2 = 0,25 Fvd s For classification the design values in (i) to (iv) will be included in the Appendix to Class Certificate as basis for design of the spudcan and lower leg.
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For other types of bottom support, e.g. mats special considerations should be made.

7.2 Section scantlings


The requirements in this section are applicable for: plate thicknesses and local strength of panels simple girders calculations of complex girder systems. Requirements are given in OS-C201 Sec.6 B for Strength of plating and stiffeners and Sec.6 C for Bending and shear in Girders.

7.3 Fatigue strength


For units intended to follow normal inspection requirements according to class requirements, i.e. 5 yearly inspections in dry dock or sheltered waters, a Design Fatigue Factor (DFF) of 1.0 may be applied for accessible members. For not accessible members DFF shall be applied to structural elements according to the principles in Sec.7 A200. Units intended to operate continuously at the same location for more than 5 years, i.e. without planned dry dock or sheltered water inspection, shall comply with the requirements given in Appendix Requirements for fatigue strength is given by DNV-OS-C201 Sec.7 A, B, C and Sec.12 H. Relevant fatigue analysis are given in Section 3.1 of this chapter.

Section 8. Weld Connections


Requirements for weld connections is given by DNV-OS-C201 Ch.2, Sec.9 as listed in the table below.
Table 8-1 Description Butt joints Tee or cross joints Slot welds Lap joint Weld Size Reference in DNV-OS-C201 Ch.2 Sec.9, B100 Sec.9, B200 Sec.9, B300 Sec.9, B400 Sec.9, C

Section 9. Corrosion Control


Corrosion control of structural steel for offshore structures comprises: coatings and/or cathodic protection use of a corrosion allowance inspection/monitoring of corrosion control of humidity for internal zones (compartments).

Requirements for corrosion control are given by DNV-OS-C201 Ch.2, Sec.10 as listed in Table 9-1. The manufacturing/installation of systems for corrosion control are covered in DNV-OS-C401 Sec.5.
Table 9-1 Description Techniques for Corrosion Control Related to Environmental Zones Cathodic Protection Coating Systems Reference in DNV-OS-C201 Ch.2, Sec.10 B Ch.2, Sec.10 C Ch.2, Sec.10 D

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.3 Ch.2 Sec.1. General Page 36

CHAPTER 2 STABILITY AND WATERTIGHT INTEGRITY


Section 1. General
1.1 Introduction
This section provides principles, technical requirements and guidance related to stability, watertight integrity, freeboard and weathertight closing appliances. The table below lists references required for a completed understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Overview of references Reference Title IMO MODU Code Code for the construction and equipment of Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, 2009 ICLL 1966 International Convention on Load Lines, 1966, amended by Protocol 1988 DNV-OS-B101 Metallic Materials DNV-OS-C301 Stability and Watertight Integrity DNV- Ship Rules Pt.6 Ch.9 Loading Computer Systems (LCS) for Stability and Longitudinal Strength DNV-OS-D101 Marine and Machinery Systems and Equipment

1.2 Plans and data to be submitted


A general overview of the content of the plans and analyses is listed below. A more detailed overviewed, tuned to the specific design and project scope can be obtained from DNVs Nauticus Production System.
Table 1-2 Documentation requirements Object Stability Documentation type B010 - Lines plan and offset tables B020 - External watertight integrity plan B040 - Stability analysis B050 - Preliminary stability manual B100 - Inclining test and lightweight survey procedure B110 - Inclining test or lightweight survey report B110 - Final stability manual B030 - Internal watertight integrity plan B070 - Preliminary damage stability calculation B130 - Final damage stability calculation B200 - Freeboard plan Z030 - System arrangement plan Applicable for all watertight doors. Including for each door: Size, design principle (sliding, hinged), pressure rating and fire rating. Including remote control positions. Additional description For approval (AP) or For information (FI) On request (R) FI FI AP AP AP AP AP FI AP AP AP AP

Damage stability

External watertight and weathertight integrity Internal watertight door / ramp

Internal watertight doors > Door structure Service hatchways Ventilation System

C030 - Detailed drawing C010 - Design criteria S012 - Ducting diagram

AP FI AP

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.3 Ch.2 Sec.2. Stability Page 37

Section 2. Stability
This section gives requirements related to the following design parameters: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Buoyancy and floatability. Wind exposed portions. Draught range at various modes of service. Watertight and weathertight closing of external openings. Internal watertight integrity and watertight subdivision. Lightweight and loading conditions.

The combination of the design parameters (1-5) will determine the maximum allowable vertical centre of gravity (VCG) of the unit at the applicable service draughts and modes. In order to determine VCG of the actual loading conditions, the lightweight and its centre of gravity must be known. This shall be obtained by an inclining test carried out in accordance with IMO MODU Code, 2009.
Table 2-1 Description Determination of Lightweight Determination of wind forces: Intact Stability Requirements: Damage Stability Requirements:
1) 2)

Reference IMO MODU Code, 2009, Regulation 3.1 IMO MODU Code, 2009, Regulation 3.2 IMO MODU Code, 2009, Regulation 3.3 IMO MODU Code, 2009, Regulation 3.4 1), 2)

The internal subdivision shall be adequate to enable the unit or installation to comply with the damage stability requirements The following permeability factors shall be assumed in the calculations: Store rooms: 0.60 Engine room: 0.85 Tanks, void spaces etc: 0.95

Other permeabilities may be accepted if documented by calculations.

Loading computers for stability calculation shall be considered as supplementary to the stability manual or the stability part of the operation manual. If onboard computers for stability calculations are installed, these systems shall be approved in accordance with requirements in Rules for Classification of Ships Pt.6 Ch.9

Section 3. Appliances

Watertight Integrity, Freeboard and Weathertight Closing

Watertight closing appliances are required for those external openings being submerged at least up to an angle of heel equal to the first intercept in intact or damage condition, whichever is greatest. Weathertight closing appliances are required for those external openings being submerged at least up to an angle of heel equal to the dynamic angle. This applies to any opening within 4.0 m above the final waterline as well. Ducts or piping, which may cause progressive flooding in case of damage, shall generally not be used in the damage penetration zone. Location of openings where watertight and weathertight integrity are required, are illustrated in DNV-OSC301 Ch.2, Sec.2 J. The requirements for operation and locking of doors and hatch covers are given in DNV-OS-C301 Ch.2, Sec.2 J. For Testing of doors and hatch covers ref DNV-OS-C301 Ch.2, Sec.2 I.

3.1 Materials
Materials and material certificates for: rolled steel for structural applications and pressure vessels, steel tubes, pipes and fittings, steel forgings, steel castings, aluminium alloys,

shall comply with the requirements given by DNV-OS-B101 unless otherwise stated in the relevant technical reference documents. Stainless steel shall be with a maximum carbon content of 0.05%. The stainless steel material shall be of the white pickled and passivated condition. Aluminium shall be of seawater resistant type.

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.3 Ch.2 Sec.3. Watertight Integrity, Freeboard and Weathertight Closing Appliances Page 38

3.2 Watertight integrity


The number of openings in watertight subdivisions shall be kept to a minimum compatible with the design and proper working of the unit or installation. Where penetrations of watertight decks and bulkheads are necessary for access, piping, ventilation, electrical cables etc., arrangements shall be made to maintain the watertight integrity of the enclosed compartments. Piping and electrical systems for operation of watertight closing appliances shall be in accordance with relevant requirements given in DNV-OS-D101 unless otherwise specified in this section. The strength and arrangement of sliding doors and hatch covers and their frames as well as the capacity of the closing systems shall be sufficient to ensure efficient closing of doors and hatch covers when water with a head of 2.0 m is flowing through the opening, and at an inclination of 17 in any direction. In addition watertight integrity shall comply with the details OS-C301, Ch.2, Sec.2 as given in the table below.
Table 3-1 Description Internal openings External Opening Strength of watertight doors and hatch covers Frame and bulkhead interface Operation and control of watertight doors and hatch covers Reference in DNV-OS-C301, Ch.2 Sec.2, C200 Sec.2, C300 Sec.2, C400 Sec.2, C500 Sec.2, C600

3.3 Weathertight closing appliances


The closing appliances shall in general have a strength at least corresponding to the required strength of the part of the hull in which they are fitted. For side scuttles and windows, however, the pressure head shall not be taken less than 2.5 m water column.
Guidance note: Some requirements are also governed by the regulations in the International Convention of Load Lines 1966: - doors in reg.12 - definition of positions in reg.13 - hatchways in reg.14 to reg.16 - machinery space openings in reg.17 - miscellaneous openings in reg.18 - ventilators in reg.19 - air pipes in reg.20 - scuppers, inlets and discharges in reg.22 - side scuttles in reg.23 - freeing ports in reg.24 - special requirements in reg.25 to reg.27.
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Requirements for specific closing appliances is given in OS-C301, Ch.2, Sec.1 and 2 as listed in the table below.
Table 3-2 Description Chain Lockers Weathertight doors Weathertight hatch coamings and covers Gaskets and closing devices Drainage arrangement Buckling check Reference in DNV-OS-C301, Ch.2 Ch.2, Sec.1 E800 Ch.2, Sec.2 D200 Ch.2, Sec.2 D300 Ch.2, Sec.2 D400 Ch.2, Sec.2 D500 Ch.2, Sec.2 D600

3.4 Freeboard
Load lines for self-elevating units are calculated under the terms of the ILLC 1966. When floating or when in transit from one operational area to another, the units shall be subject to all the conditions of assignment of the ILLC 1966 unless specifically accepted. The regulations of relevant national authorities shall also be observed. Draught marks shall be located in positions, which will ensure accurate determination of draughts, trim and heel and where they are clearly visible to personnel operating the unit or installation. The reference line shall be defined in the stability manual.

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.3 Ch.2 Sec.3. Watertight Integrity, Freeboard and Weathertight Closing Appliances Page 39

Self-elevating units or installations shall not be subject to the terms of the ILLC 1966 while they are supported by the seabed or are in the process of lowering or raising their legs. The minimum freeboard of units or installations, which cannot be computed by the normal methods laid down by the ILLC 1966, shall be determined on the basis of meeting the applicable intact stability, damage stability and structural requirements for transit and operational conditions while afloat. The freeboard shall not be less than that calculated in accordance with the ILLC 1966, where applicable. Self elevating units may be manned when under tow. In such cases a unit is subject to the bow height requirement as given in Regulation 39 (1) of the International Convention on Load Line. The requirement may not always be possible to achieve. With reference to MODU Code 3.7.18 the owner should apply to the flag administration for an exemption from the bow height requirement, having regard to the occasional nature of such voyages on predetermined routes and to prevailing weather conditions.

3.5 Penetrations
Side scuttles below freeboard deck shall be of the non-opening type with inside hinged deadlight. Other relevant requirements on penetrations are given in DNV-OS-C301, Ch.2, Sec.2 as given in the table below.
Table 3-3 Description Ventilators and Air Pipes DNV Inlets, Discharges and Scuppers DNV Side Scuttles and Windows DNV Reference in DNV-OS-C301, Ch.2 Sec.2, F Sec.2, G Sec.2, H

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.3 Ch.3 Sec.1. General Page 40

CHAPTER 3 TOWING
Section 1. General
1.1 Introduction
This section provides requirements for towing applicable to non-self propelled jack-ups. The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Overview of references Reference Title DNV-OS-C101 Design of Offshore Steel Structures, General DNV-OS-E301 Position Mooring DNV-OS-E304 Offshore Mooring Steel Wire Ropes DNV-RP-C205 Environmental Conditions and Environmental Loads

1.2 Plans and data to be submitted


A general overview of the content of the plans and analyses is listed below. A more detailed overviewed, tuned to the specific design and project scope can be obtained from DNVs Nauticus Production System.
Table 1-2 Documentation requirements Object Documentation type Additional description including towing force design loads and winch load footprint. Applicable if static force > 50 kN or bending moment > 100 kNm. Applicable if static force > 50 kN or bending moment > 100 kNm For approval (AP) or For information (FI) On request (R) Y; AP; SCF Y; FI

H050 - Structural drawing Passive towing equipment supporting structures H080 - Design analyses

1.3 Principles
Requirements for towing systems are given in DNV-OS-E301 Ch.2 Sec.4 and Ch.3 Sec.2 K Requirements for equipment are given in DNV-OS-E304. Non-self propelled self-elevating units are not required to have temporary mooring.

Section 2. Towing
2.1 General
The unit shall have a permanent arrangement for towing. The line between the fastening devices and the fairlead shall be unobstructed. There shall be arrangements for hang-off and retrieval of the unit's towing bridle(s) and towing pennant(s). In addition to the permanent towing arrangement, there shall be a possibility of using an emergency arrangement of equivalent strength. Application of the unit's mooring arrangement may be considered for this purpose. The design load for the towing arrangement shall be clearly stated, e.g. for classed units, in the Appendix to the classification certificate.

2.2 Material
Plate materials in towline fastening devices and their supporting structures shall be as given in Table D3 in DNV-OS-C101, Ch.1 Sec.4. The termination of towing bridle(s) and/or pennant(s) where connected to the unit should be chain cable of sufficient length to ensure that steel wire rope segments of the towing arrangement will not be subject to chafing against the unit for towline pull sector between 90 port and 90starboard. Alternatively the full length of bridle(s) and pennant(s) can be chain cable. Chain cables and shackles to be used in the towing arrangement shall be of offshore quality (R3, R3S, R4, R4S or R5) or ship chain quality K3. Green pin type shackles of polar type may be accepted provided they are certified by DNV. Towing bridles and pennants of steel wire rope shall be in accordance with the requirements given in DNV-

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.3 Ch.3 Sec.2. Towing Page 41

OS-E301 respectively E304. All eyes in towing arrangement connections shall be fitted with hard thimbles or spelter sockets in accordance with OS-E301 Ch.2 Sec.4 N.

2.3 Strength analysis


The design load for the towing arrangement shall be based on the force, FT, required for towing the unit when floating in its normal transit condition. For the purpose of determining the required towing force, thrust provided by the unit's own propulsion machinery should normally not be taken into account. The unit under tow shall be able to maintain position against a specified sea state, wind and current velocity acting simultaneously, without the static force in the towing arrangement exceeding its towing design load. As a minimum the following weather conditions shall be used for calculation of environmental drift forces, FT, for world-wide towing: sustained wind velocity: U1 min, 10 = 20 m/s (10 m above sea level) current velocity: VC = 1 m/s significant wave height: HS = 5 m zero up-crossing wave period in second: 6 Tz 9.
Guidance note: Environmental forces may be calculated according to DNV-RP-C205.
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Normally the towing arrangement shall be designed for use of a single tug of sufficient capacity. If the size of the unit necessitates the use of two or more tugs pulling in the same direction, the towing design load, FD, to be used in the strength analysis for each towing bridle or pennant is a function of the required towing force and the number of tugs comprised in the design and given by: FD = ftowFT (kN) ftow
= Design load factor = 1.0, if NTUG = 1 = 1.5/NTUG, if NTUG > 1 NTUG = number of tugs comprised in the design of the towing arrangement. Guidance note: It is advised that the towing design load for each towing bridle or pennant not to be taken less than 1000 kN and that the towing arrangement is designed for use of a single tug.
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The minimum breaking strength, Smbs of the unit's towing bridle(s) and/or towing pennant(s), shall not be less than 3 times the towing design load, FD. The nominal equivalent stress, e in the flounder plate is normally not to exceed f when subjected to a load equal to the breaking strength of the unit's towline, Smbs. The strength analysis shall be made for the most unfavourable direction of the towline. Towing fastening devices, including fairleads, and their supporting structures shall be designed for a load equal to the minimum breaking strength of the weakest link in the unit's towing bridle and/or towing pennants, Smbs. Strength analyses shall be made for the most unfavourable direction of the towline pull, i.e. angle of attack to device or structure. The nominal equivalent stress, e, in the towing devices and their supporting structures shall not exceed 0.9 f and 0.8 f, respectively.

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Page 42

PART 4 MACHINERY SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT

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Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.4 Ch.1 Sec.1. General Page 43

CHAPTER 1 MARINE, MACHINERY AND PIPING SYSTEMS


Section 1. General
1.1 Introduction
This section provides principles, technical requirements and guidance for design, manufacturing and installation of marine and machinery systems. The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Overview of references Reference Title IMO Res. A.753(18) Guidelines for the application of plastic pipes on ships DNV-OS-B101 Metallic Materials DNV-OS-D101 Marine and Machinery Systems and Equipment DNV-OS-D202 Electrical Installations DNV Ship Rules, Pt.4, Ch.3 Rotating Machinery, Drivers DNV Ship Rules, Pt.4, Ch.4 Rotating Machinery, Power Transmission Classification Note 41.2 Calculation of Gear Rating for Marine Transmission

1.2 Application
These rules apply to marine piping systems, machinery piping systems and marine machinery systems. They do not include systems primarily intended for operation in drilling or hydrocarbon production service and their dedicated auxiliary systems. Interfaces between such systems and marine systems should be identified and a specification break defined.
Guidance note: Piping and equipment for drilling and drilling related auxiliary systems are addressed in DNV-OS-E101. These are only part of class scope if the additional class notation DRILL has been included in the contractual agreement between yard and DNV.
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1.3 Plans and data to be submitted


Plans showing machinery arrangement shall be submitted for information. These shall show layout of machinery components such as engines, boilers, fans, heat exchangers, generators, switchboards, pumps, purifiers, filters etc., but excluding pipes, valves and accessories. The plans shall be accompanied by a list of the components and specification of make and type. A general overview of the required plans and analyses is listed below. A more detailed overviewed, tuned to the specific design and project scope can be obtained from DNVs Nauticus Production System.
Table 1-2 Documentation requirements Object Documentation type Additional description For approval (AP) or For information (FI) On request (R) AP AP AP

C040 Design Analysis Axial vibration calculations. vibration calculations for Main generator diesel C040 Design Analysis Torsional transient conditions. engine (Main/Emergency) Torsional vibration calculations for C040 Design Analysis steady state conditions. Applicable for engine rated power > = 500 kW. Engine vibration calculations. Applicable for engine rated power > = C040 Design Analysis 200 kW. Applicable for resilient Main generator diesel mounted engine, except generator driver engine (Main/Emergency) set rigidly [C280-12] > Resilient mounted on aof resilient mounted frame. engine mount Calculations the static and dynamic position within the elastic mounts C040 Design Analysis including type designation and fastening arrangement drawing. Machinery and marine piping systems general S050 - Connections to Sea valves the shell and to sea chests

AP

AP AP

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Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.4 Ch.1 Sec.1. General Page 44

Table 1-2 Documentation requirements (Continued) Object Valve control hydraulic power system Auxiliary feed water system Auxiliary steam piping system (Hot Water) Auxiliary condensate system Fuel oil system Lubrication oil system Quick closing valve arrangement Fresh water system Compressed air systems Internal drain arrangements Scuppers Sounding systems Overflow system Exhaust systems Provisions refrigeration system Sludge handling arrangement Bilge handling systems Sea water system Ballast system Sea chests Air pipes Fuel oil control and monitoring system Lubrication oil control and monitoring system Sea water control and monitoring system Fresh water control and monitoring system Starting air control and monitoring system Control air control and monitoring system Bilge water control and monitoring system Ballasting control and monitoring system Documentation type S040 - Control diagram Additional description Remote control of valves. For approval (AP) or For information (FI) On request (R) AP AP AP AP AP AP AP Cooling system. S010 - Piping diagram AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP S010 - Piping diagram S030 Capacity analysis S010 - Piping diagram Z170 - Installation Plastic pipes only. manual S050 - Connections to Sea valves. the shell and to sea chests S010 - Piping diagram S020 - Pressure drop Back pressure in tanks when overfilling. analysis AP AP AP AP AP AP

If outlets are through ships side or stern.

I020 - Control and monitoring system documentation

Control of valves and pumps.

AP

For pipes conveying steam with a temperature exceeding 400C, the plans shall show particulars of flanges and bolts and details of welded joints with specification of welding procedure and filler metals. For calculations of thermal expansion stresses see D101, Ch.2 Sec.2, C500. Detailed information on the installation procedures for plastic pipes shall be submitted for approval. The documentation shall include information on joining procedure, supporting, clamping and expansion elements.

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Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.4 Ch.1 Sec.2. Principles Page 45

Section 2. Principles
The machinery shall be so arranged that inadvertent operation leading to reduced safety of the unit or installation or personnel, cannot occur as a consequence of one single operational error. The machinery and piping systems shall be arranged to prevent sea water, stored hydrocarbons or chemicals or ballast from reaching dry spaces of the installation or stored hydrocarbons or chemicals from being discharged overboard as a consequence of inadvertent operations. Measures shall also be taken to prevent inadvertent movement of ballast or stored fluids internally within these systems. Systems and tanks shall be so arranged that leakage or operation of valves will not directly lead to increased risk of damage to machinery, installation or personnel due to mixing of different fluids. Machinery, boilers and associated piping systems shall be so installed and protected as to reduce to a minimum any danger to persons onboard, due regard being paid to moving parts, hot surfaces and other hazards. Units or installations with ballast water treatment systems installed in order to meet the requirements of the Ballast Water Management Convention shall follow the requirements of Ship Rules Pt.6 Ch.18 Sec.4.

2.1 Component design


Where no specific requirements are given in these standards regarding dimensioning and choice of materials, generally recognized standards and engineering principles may be applied. If acceptable accuracy cannot be obtained by strength calculations, special tests for the determination of the strength of the design may be required. When it is of essential significance for the safety of the unit or installation that the function of a component is maintained as long as possible in the event of fire, materials with high heat resistance shall be used. Materials with low heat resistance shall not be used in components where fire may cause outflow of flammable or health hazardous fluids, flooding of any watertight compartment or destruction of watertight integrity.
Guidance note: Materials with high heat resistance are materials having a melting point greater than 925C. Materials with low heat resistance are all other materials. Deviations from the above requirement will be subject to special considerations.
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Section 3. Valves
3.1 Design and tests
Requirements regarding the design of valves are given in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.2 E100. Required hydrostatic tests are described in E200.

3.2 Installation
Requirements regarding the installation of valves are given in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.1 A800

3.3 Operation
Open or closed position of valves shall be easily visible. If a valve's function in the system is not evident, there shall be adequate information on a name plate attached to the valve. Other requirements regarding the operation of valves are given in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.1 A700.

Section 4. Piping
4.1 Design
Marine piping systems include the following: ballast system bilge system drains system air/overflow systems sounding system cooling system lubricating oil system fuel oil system thermal oil system feed water and condensate systems steam system hydraulic system
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pneumatic system firewater system. Piping systems used for safe operation of the unit or installation shall in general be separate from piping systems used for drilling or production operations. If cross connections are necessary, appropriate means shall be fitted to prevent possible contamination of the safe system from any hazardous medium. Installation of pipes for water, steam or oil behind or above electric switchboards shall be avoided as far as possible. If this is impracticable, all detachable pipe joints and valves shall be at a safe distance from the switchboard or well shielded from it. Routing of water pipes and air and sounding pipes through freezing chambers shall be avoided. For water-cooled electrical equipment seawater pipes shall be routed away from the equipment, so that any leakage in flanges do not damage the equipment. 4.1.1 Materials Materials used in piping systems shall be suitable for the medium and service for which the system is intended. The following aspects should be considered when selecting materials: type of service compatibility with other materials in the system such as valve bodies and casings, for example in order to minimize bimetallic corrosion ability to resist general and localized corrosion or erosion caused by internal fluids and/or marine environment ability to resist selective corrosion, for example de-zincification of brass, de-aluminification of aluminium brass and graphitization of cast iron ductility need for special welding procedures need for special inspection, tests, or quality control.
Guidance note: The traditional stainless steels, including type 316 or 316L, are generally not considered suitable for use in seawater systems. However, certain stainless steels with higher contents of chromium, molybdenum and nitrogen have improved resistance to localised corrosion. These include high molybdenum austenitic steels and ferritic-austenitic (duplex) steels. Even these steels cannot be considered immune to attack under all situations; avoidance of stagnant seawater conditions and removal of welding oxides are some of the important factors to the successful use
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Materials to be used in the construction of piping systems shall be manufactured and tested in accordance with DNV-OS-B101. Carbon steel materials are in general suitable for the majority of the piping systems. Galvanised pipes are recommended as the minimum protection against corrosion for pipes in seawater systems, including those for bilge, air vent and ballast service. Non-ferrous metallic materials may be accepted in piping system transporting flammable fluids and in bilge piping provided that fire endurance properties in accordance with a recognised code is documented. In addition to the above, additional details are given in OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec 2 as listed in the table below.
Table 4-1 Description Carbon and low alloy steel Copper and copper alloys Cast iron Plastic pipes Flanges, valve bodies, etc. Bolts and nuts Material certificates Reference in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.2, B200 Sec.2, B300 Sec.2, B400 Sec.2, B500 Sec.2, B600 Sec.2, B700 Sec.2, B800

4.2 Platform piping


4.2.1 Pre-load/ballast The rig shall be supplied with a ballast/pre-load system with redundant pumping capability. Dump valves are accepted for drainage of the pre-load tanks.
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In addition, the general requirements of DNV-OS-D101 Ch.2, Sec.3 B as listed in Table 4-2 shall be complied with. 4.2.2 Bilge and drainage The unit or installation shall be equipped with 100% redundancy in bilge pumping system and means for draining engine room, all compartments and watertight sections. Compartments containing liquids such as cooling water, oil fuel or stored produced liquid are to have their own separate pumping system. Again, the general requirement in DNV-OS-D101 Ch.2, Sec.3 B as listed in Table 4-2 shall be complied with.
Table 4-2 Description Basic requirements Ballast systems Drainage of dry compartments below main deck Drainage of dry compartments above main deck Pumping and piping arrangement Bilge pipes Bilge pumps Bilge wells, mud boxes, valves etc. Reference in DNV-OS-D101 Ch.2, Sec.3 Sec.3, B100 Sec.3, B200 Sec.3, B300 Sec.3, B400 Sec.3, B500 Sec.3, B600 Sec.3, B700 Sec.3, B800

4.2.3 Raw water systems If the raw water system supplies water to essential systems, such as fire water systems or cooling water, system and installation requirements are to be as required for the essential system. The following raw water system requirement applies: 1) A suitable isolation valve/valves to be provided to be able to isolate one of raw water pump systems 2) In case of leg well suction, hoses may be permitted provided they are adequately supported. Hoses to be fire protected according IMO Res. A.753(18) L3 and protected from relevant fire scenarios1) except when a single incident will not impair the required raw water capacity. 3) Suction points (if both is fitted on one leg) to be at different heights (or caissons to be adequately protected).
Guidance note: Submersible raw water pumps installed on a hose reel may be considered case to case. The hose reel to be located to ensure that a single incident would not damage both. Collapsible type hoses are not considered acceptable. The fire resistance of hoses as for leg well suction.
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4.2.4 Drag chains Hoses in drag2) chain are to be fire protected according IMO Res. A.753(18) L3 and protected from relevant fire scenarios ,
1) 2) Reference is made to USCG PFM 1-98: Policy File Memorandum on the Fire Performance Requirements for Plastic Pipe per IMO Resolution A.753(18). Reference is made to USCG PFM 1-98: Policy File Memorandum on the Fire Performance Requirements for Plastic Pipe per IMO Resolution A.753(18).

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4.2.5 Air, overflow and sounding Air, overflow and sounding are to be installed according OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.3 F as detailed below.
Table 4-3 Description Arrangement of air pipes Air pipes, sectional area Overflow pipes, arrangement Overflow pipes, sectional area Sounding arrangements Sounding pipes, sectional area Reference in OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.3 Sec.3, F100 Sec.3, F200 Sec.3, F300 Sec.3, F400 Sec.3, F500 Sec.3, F600

4.2.6 Storage and transfer systems for helicopter fuels If installed, tanks and pipe systems for the storage and transfer systems for helicopter fuels have to comply to OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.3 G.

4.3 Machinery piping


Redundancy capacity of components shall be as specified in the requirements for the different systems. Applied to piping systems this implies that more than one pump unit shall be installed when failure of such a unit will result in loss of a main function. The capacity shall normally be sufficient to cover demands at maximum continuous load on the main function when any pump unit is out of service. 4.3.1 Cooling system Cooling systems in self-elevating units or installations shall be so arranged that the supply of cooling water to the generator prime movers will not be affected, even if the fire pumps are in operation, during raising and lowering of the installation. In such events the cooling water may be supplied from a storage tank. More detailed requirements are given in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.4 B. 4.3.2 Lubrication oil system Lubricating oil systems shall be separated from other systems. This requirement does not apply to hydraulic governing and maneuvering systems for auxiliary engines. Other requirements are given in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.4 C as detailed below.
Table 4-4 Description Lubricating oil pre-treatment arrangement Lubricating oil supply Remote shut-off arrangement for lubricating oil tanks Reference in OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.4 Sec.4, C200 Sec.4, C300 Sec.4, C400

4.3.3 Fuel oil system Requirements for the fuel oil system are given in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.4 D, as detailed in the table below.
Table 4-5 Description Flash point of fuel oil Fuel oil tanks Fuel oil piping Arrangement of valves and fittings Remotely controlled shut-off arrangement for fuel oil tanks Fuel oil pre-heaters Fuel oil pre-treatment arrangement Drip trays Oil filters Various requirements Reference in OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.4 Sec.4, D100 Sec.4, D200 Sec.4, D300 Sec.4, D400 Sec.4, D500 Sec.4, D600 Sec.4, D700 Sec.4, D800 Sec.4, D900 Sec.4, D1000

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4.3.4 Feed water and condensation systems Requirements for the fuel oil system are given in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.4 E, as detailed in the table below.
Table 4-6 Description Feed water pumps and piping Feed water heating Feed water tanks Condensate from steam heating of tanks Reference in OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.4 Sec.4, F100 Sec.4, F200 Sec.4, F300 Sec.4, F400

4.3.5 Hydraulic systems The redundancy requirement of the top of the section applies to pumps, filters and pressure reduction units. Other requirements are given in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.4 H, as detailed in the table below.
Table 4-7 Description General Hydraulic power supply Hydraulic cylinders Accumulators Hydraulic equipment Reference in OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.4 Sec.4, H100 Sec.4, H200 Sec.4, H300 Sec.4, H400 Sec.4, H500

4.3.6 Pneumatic power supply The redundancy requirement on the top of this section applies for compressors, filters, pressure reduction units when supplying power for control of main functions, and air treatment units (lubricator or oil mist injector and dehumidifier. Other requirements on the power supply and the pneumatic equipment are given in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.4 I.

4.4 Pipe fabrication, workmanship and testing


Fabrication, workmanship and testing of piping is described in OS-D101, Ch.2 Sec.6, as detailed in the table below.
Table 4-8 Description Welding Brazing of Copper and Copper Alloys Pipe Bending Joining of Plastic Pipes Hydrostatic Tests of Piping Functional Testing Reference in OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.6 Sec.6 B Sec.6 C Sec.6 D Sec.6 E Sec.6 F Sec.6 G

Section 5. Rotating Machines


5.1 Principles
The machinery shall be so designed, installed and protected that risks of fire, explosions, accidental pollution, leakages and accidents thereof are acceptably low. Reliability and availability of the machinery shall be adapted according to considerations of the consequences from machinery failures and disturbances. The design arrangement of machinery foundations, shaft connections, piping and ducting shall take into account the effects of thermal expansion, vibrations, misalignment and hull interaction to ensure operation within safe limits. Bolts and nuts exposed to dynamic forces and vibrations shall be properly secured. It should be ensured that the design of the bearings and the arrangements for lubrication are satisfactory to withstand the inclinations specified in Pt.1, Ch.3, Sec.3.6. The manufacturer should be informed when the machine is ordered.

5.2 Diesel engines


Requirements for diesel engines used for main and emergency power, including the related procedural
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requirements for certification and testing are described in DNV Ship Rules, Pt.4, Ch.3, Sec.1 as detailed in the table below.
Description General Design Testing and Inspection Workshop Testing Control and Monitoring Arrangement Vibration Installation Inspections Shipboard Testing Reference in DNV Ship Rules, Pt.4, Ch.3, Sec.1 Sec.1 A Sec.1 B Sec.1 C Sec.1 D Sec.1 E Sec.1 F Sec.1 G Sec.1 H Sec.1 I

5.3 Starting arrangements


5.3.1 Capacity Starting systems for internal combustion engines shall have capacity for 3 starts each. The duration of each starting shall be minimum 10 s. If a starting system serves two or more engines, the capacity of the system shall be the sum of the capacity requirements. Additional requirements to the starting system for generator sets arranged as standby generators and/or arranged for starting in a black-out situation are given in Chapter 2 4.1. Requirements to starting of emergency generators are given below. Drivers for fire pumps required to be fed from emergency generator shall follow the same starting requirements as for emergency generators. 5.3.2 Pneumatic Compressors shall be installed with total capacity sufficient for charging air receivers of capacities specified above from atmospheric to full pressure in the course of one (1) hour. Two or more compressors of total capacity as specified above shall be installed. The capacity shall be approximately equally shared between the compressors. At least one of the compressors shall be independently (not direct connected to the engine) driven. Engines started by compressed air shall have at least two independent starting air receivers of about equal capacity. In order to protect starting air mains against explosion arising from improper functioning of starting valve, the following devices shall be fitted: an isolation non-return valve or equivalent at the starting air supply connection to each engine a bursting disc or flame arrester in way of the starting valve of each cylinder for direct reversing engines having a main starting manifold at the supply inlet to the starting air manifold for non-reversing engines. The bursting discs or flame arresters may be omitted for engines having a bore not exceeding 230 mm. The pipes and valves, including the non-return valve, shall be designed to withstand the possible back pressure if a starting valve remains open. Use of flexible hoses in the starting air system is only permitted where necessary in order to allow for relative movements. Flexible hoses with their couplings shall be type approved, see Ch.6 Sec.6 D. 5.3.3 Electric When electric starting arrangement for auxiliary engines is used, there shall be at least two separately installed batteries, connected by separate electric circuits arranged such that parallel connection is not possible. Each battery shall be capable of starting the engine when in cold and ready to start condition. Starting arrangements for two or more main engines shall be divided between the two batteries and connected by separate circuits. The batteries shall be installed in separate boxes or lockers or in a common battery room with separate shelves (not above each other). The capacity of starting batteries shall comply with capacity requirements as given on the beginning of this section. If the starting batteries are also used for supplying other consumers, the capacity shall be increased accordingly.
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5.3.4 Emergency generators Emergency generating set shall be equipped with starting device with a stored energy capability of at least three consecutive starts. A second source of energy shall be provided for an additional three starts within 30 minutes, unless manual starting can be demonstrated to be effective within this time. If the emergency generator is arranged for pneumatic starting, the air supply shall be from a separate air receiver. The air receiver shall not be connected to other pneumatic systems, except for the starting system in the engine room. If such a connection is arranged, the pipeline shall be provided with a screw-down non-return valve.

5.4 Start from dead ship


Dead ship condition as defined in the MODU Code Ch.1.3.15 implies for non-self propelled Self Elevating units that main power supply is out of operation and that auxiliary services (such as compressed air, starting current from batteries etc.) for the restoration of the main power supply are not available. From the above condition, the main power supply shall be brought back in operation within 30 minutes using only the facilities available on board. In addition, it shall be possible to recover from a dead ship condition with any one generator, transformer or power converter out of service. The emergency source of electrical power may be used for the purpose of starting from a dead ship condition if its capability either alone or combined with that of any other source of electrical power is sufficient to provide at the same time those services required to be supplied from the emergency power, except fire pumps. (ref MODU Code 7.9.1.2, for a list of the services see OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2, C103).

Section 6. Jacking Gear Machinery


6.1 General
6.1.1 Application The requirements in this section are specific for installations of the pinion rack type. These requirements apply to the gear transmissions, pinion-rack, the brake and (if applicable) flexible mounts. The jack house frame and the welding connection between rack and leg structure are dealt with in DNV-OSC201 Sec.12 G and is further discussed in Pt.3, Ch.1 of this rule book. 6.1.2 Document and plans to be submitted In general detailed information to assess the quality of the jacking gear system is supplied by its vendor. The yard shall specify a relevant load-time spectrum. This shall include at least the following: raising of the legs lowering of the legs raising of the platform lowering of the platform exceptional use (e.g. one or more units out of service) pre-load holding (static) pre-load raising (if permitted) pre-load lowering storm holding (static) motor stalling torque.

6.2 General
All jacking machinery components shall be designed for any relevant load condition mentioned above. Design safety factors etc. are valid for all foreseen operating conditions. For loads that are not foreseen, but may occur, such as motor stalling torque, lower safety factors may apply. The elements in the load-time spectrum listed above (except motor stalling torque) are vertical net loads on the rack. The following shall be included in the load spectrum: friction losses from leg guiding in the hull structure effect of variation in location of the centre of gravity of the unit or installation. Unless otherwise documented, the guide friction may be taken as 10% of the net vertical force in normal operation. When lifting in a tilted position (due to soil penetration in pre-load) higher guide friction shall be assumed. When evaluating the stresses in the jacking machinery, the influence of friction in bearings and on gear flanks shall be considered.

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Jacking machinery (including pinion-rack) shall be designed so that an overload failure occurs in open machinery prior to enclosed machinery. This means that conditions such as e.g. a motor stalling or lifting with a locked brake are to cause clearly visible deformation in easily accessible parts such as pinion (preferably) or rack before any critical failure occurs in an enclosed gearbox. When a design is documented by means of tests in lieu of calculations, or by combinations thereof, lower safety factors than those required by calculations may be accepted. The level will be considered on the basis of the extent of the testing and the acceptance criteria for the various parts after the test. When units or parts of units are tested, normally the whole load spectrum shall be applied and each load level shall be multiplied with the required safety factor. When different safety factors apply, such as for tooth root strength and flank durability, the highest (i.e. tooth root strength) shall be used for testing purposes. (Due to the elevated loads, some flank deterioration is considered acceptable in this case). The jacking machinery shall be designed to avoid self-locking when descending. The minimum total efficiency in lifting mode is 2/3. The total efficiency shall include motor, gear transmission and pinion-rack.

6.3 Materials
Materials in forged and cast components are to satisfy the requirements given in DNV-OS-B101, Ch.2 Sec.3 Table B2 and Sec.4 Table B2. For materials with yield strength value higher than given in the table, the material properties are equal to the highest tabulated values. Materials in fixation chocks in the fixation system (if installed) are to be equivalent to the material in the racks.

6.4 Arrangement
The jacking units shall be arranged so that they can be removed individually for servicing. Power supply are to arranged so that no single failure prevents the jacking operation. The jacking machinery with control system is defined as an important system as defined in DNV-OS-D202, Ch.1 Sec.1 C209. In case of failures, the jacking systems shall be designed such that repair (incl. minor replacements) is possible within 3 hrs. An FMEA according to DNV-OS-D202, Ch.3 Sec.1 Table B2 is to be carried out. The jacking units shall be supported in such a way that elastic jack-house frame deflections are not harmful to the pinion-rack mesh. The jack-house frame and leg-rack shall have dimensional tolerances that permits an involute gear mesh (i.e. contact ratio is above unity) between pinion and rack under all operating conditions. Flexible (sandwich) rubber pads shall be protected by an oil based coating. The motors shall be provided with a possibility for mechanical wind-up, e.g. a square free-shaft end for crank application. An interlock shall be provided between electric motors and fixation rack system (if any), in order to prevent power supply to the motors when the fixation rack is engaged.

6.5 Gearing
6.5.1 General Details on calculation of gearing are given in Classification Note 41.2. This contains information on calculation of tooth root strength (fractures or deformation) and flank surface durability (pitting, spalling and case crushing) and scuffing for enclosed gear units. The following minimum safety factors apply (but due consideration shall be given to the principles given in 6.2: Tooth root strength, applicable to both enclosed and open gearing: safety against accumulated fatigue due to all lifting and descending loads SF = 1.5 safety against static loads as storm holding or pre-load holding SF = 1.35 safety against one motor stalling SF = 1.2. Flank surface durability, applicable to enclosed gearing, except for case crushing (surface hardened gearing) which also applies to open gears: safety against accumulated fatigue due to all lifting and descending loads SH = 1.0 safety against case crushing under static loads and one motor stalling SH = 1.0. Scuffing, applicable to enclosed gearing: safety SS = 1 except for motor stalling. Welded gears shall be stress relieved. Welds that suffer a stress variation during the rotation shall be designed to prevent (low cycle) fatigue. The permissible stress range in a full penetration weld with a smooth (accessible) backside is 0.5 times the yield strength of the softer material. For inaccessible backside or non-full penetration welds the permissible stress range is 0.2 times the yield strength of the softer material. The stress range shall be determined by finite element
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method analyses and is to consider any stress concentration.


Guidance note: To facilitate asset management during the operational use of the unit, it is recommended that the fatigue life calculations as done above are made available for operational users.
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6.5.2 Pinion rack For pinions the tooth profile shall be specified on a drawing. The safety factors of the gearing apply for the pinions and racks as well, with exception of rack tooth root strength for storm holding and motor stalling where tooth deformation is acceptable. For calculation of tooth root stresses of pinion and rack, load application at the tooth tip shall be assumed. Further guidance can be found in Appendix C in Classification Note 41.2. 6.5.3 Gear casings and bearing structure Welded gear casings and supporting structure around bearings shall be stress relieved. The casings and bearing structures shall be designed to prevent deflections that may be harmful for the gearing. The design shall enable inspections of the gearing and plain bearings. For parallel shaft gears this means inspection openings, and for epicyclic gears openings for access with boroscope. In addition, it is recommended that appropriate oil sample points are installed. 6.5.4 Shafts and connections Connections as shrink fitting, bolted wheels, flange bolts, splines, keys, etc. shall fulfil the criteria given in Classification Note 41.2. Shafts shall be designed to have safety against yielding that is consistent with the tooth root strength criteria in 6.2. Combined bending and torsion shall be considered. Stress concentration factors may be taken from relevant literature or from the Classification Note 41.2. Special consideration shall be given to high speed shafts accumulating more than 104 cycles. 6.5.5 Bearings Ball and roller bearings shall have a minimum L10a (ISO 281) life time that is suitable with regard to the specified overhaul intervals. The influence of the lubrication oil film may be taken into account for L10a, provided that the necessary conditions, in particular cleanliness, are fulfilled. The surface pressure (on projected area) in plain bearings shall not exceed 50% of the yield strength of the bearing material when the maximum load is applied. The bearings and lubrication are also to be designed to avoid wear that could be harmful for the gear meshes.

6.6 Brakes
A shaft brake shall be provided. This is to engage automatically in the event of power failure to the jacking machinery. The brake is to be designed to operate at least at a shaft speed corresponding to the maximum operational jacking speed + 10%. The static brake friction torque shall not be less than 1.3 times the maximum torque at the brake position.

6.7 Flexible mountings


Flexible mounting of the jacking units will be specially considered. Possibilities for replacement of these flexible mountings are to be taken into account.

6.8 Control and monitoring


The following control and monitoring arrangements are required: a) Remote indication and alarm if a brake is not released when power applied to the motors. The brake alarm shall be given by an independent mechanical sensor.

b) Remote indication and alarm for overheating of an electric motor. c) A permanent remote indication of loads during jacking and retrieval shall be provided. For a lattice leg unit the load per chord is as a minimum to be presented. Alarm signal to be given when maximum load
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is exceeded.

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6.9 Testing & inspection


6.9.1 General The testing of the jacking gear system shall in general consist of workshop testing, inspection after installation and testing on board. A complete overview is to be found in DNVs Shipping Rules, Pt.4, Ch.4, Sec.2 C as follows:
Table 6-1 Description Certification of parts Pinion and wheels Welded gear designs Ancillaries Assembling Reference in DNVs Shipping Rules, Pt.4, Ch.4, Sec.2 C Sec.2, C100 Sec.2, C200 Sec.2, C300 Sec.2, C400 Sec.2, C500

6.9.2 Workshop testing Spin test and contact pattern test shall be carried out according to the Rules for Classification of Ships Pt.4 Ch.4. Sec 2D. 6.9.3 Installation inspection The alignment between the pinions and rack shall be checked both longitudinally and with regard to distance between pinion centre and rack. The gearing box shall be inspected on the following (with reference to Rules for Classification of Ships Pt.4 Ch.4: shaft alignment, see Sec.1 H300 fastening of propulsion gearboxes (stoppers and bolt tightening) flushing, applicable if the system is opened during installation. Preferably with the foreseen gear oil. If flushing oil is used, residual flushing oil shall be avoided. lubrication oil shall be as specified (viscosity and FZG class) on makers list pressure tests to nominal pressure (for leakage) where cooler, filters or piping is mounted onboard tooth contact pattern, see 202.

6.9.4 Testing on board The testing on board is part of the jacking trials as described in Pt.6, Ch.4.

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CHAPTER 2 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS


Section 1. General
1.1 Introduction
This section provides principles, technical requirements and guidance for design, manufacturing and installation of electrical installations. The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Reference DNV-OS-D201 IEC 61892 Title Electrical Installations Mobile and fixed offshore units Electrical installations

1.2 Application
The requirements in this section apply to: all electrical installations with respect to safety for personnel and fire hazard all electrical installations serving essential or important services with respect to availability.

1.3 Plans and data to be submitted


Documentation related to electrical installation system design shall be submitted as required by the table below.
Table 1-2 Documentation requirements
Object Documentation type E010 Overall single line diagram For: AC power systems DC battery systems UPS systems For: E040 Electrical power AC power systems consumption balance DC battery systems UPS systems philosophy may not be required if the overall single line E220 Electrical system System diagram is sufficient to give necessary understanding of the philosophy operation and relevant operation modes of the system. E200 Short circuit calculations E210 Harmonic Required when more than 20% of connected load is by semidistortion calculations conductor assemblies, in relation to connected generating capacity. E100 Voltage drop Upon request and when a motor rated above 30% of the feeding calculations generator(s) or transformer(s) rated power is started direct on line. The document shall cover: generator protection E080 Discrimination main switchboard circuits (ref OS-D201, Ch.1 Sec.1 D901) analysis emergency switchboard circuits (ref OS-D201, Ch.1 Sec.1 D902) E050 Single line diagrams/ consumer list for switchboards Z030 System arrangement plan Z071 Failure mode and effect analysis Z140 Test procedure for quay and sea trial Motor starters Cables E170 Electrical schematic drawing E030 Cable selection philosophy battery and UPS systems Including locations of power sources, switchboards and distribution boards for main and emergency power, UPSs and batteries. Arrangement of access doors, fire divisions and high fire risk areas related to the above. Required if separate emergency source of power is omitted in accordance with OS-D201, Ch.2 Sec.2 C104. Upon request for other systems. Redundancy and failure modes based on FMEA. Required if separate emergency source of power is omitted in accordance with OS-D201, Sec.2 C104. Upon request for other systems. Starters for essential services. Additional description For approval (AP) or For information (FI) On request (R) AP AP

AP

FI FI FI FI, R

Electric power systems

AP

FI

AP

AP AP AP

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Emergency stop system Installation in hazardous areas Installation in hazardous areas Lighting systems

E170 Electrical schematic drawing E090 Table of Exinstallation G080 Hazardous area classification drawing E190 Lighting description C030 System arrangement plan

Emergency stop of electrical propulsion motors, pumps and fans, showing fail to safe functionality. Based on approved area classification drawing and ESD philosophy (if relevant). An approved Area classification drawing where location of electric equipment in hazardous area is added (Except battery room, paint stores and gas bottle store).

AP AP FI AP

Emergency lighting arrangement

AP

For documentation requirements of electrical equipment required to be delivered with DNV Product Certificate see Pt.5 Sec.4.1.

Section 2. Principles
The following principles apply to electrical installations: Electrical installations shall be such that the safety of passengers, crew and unit from electrical hazards, is ensured. There shall be two mutually independent and self contained electric power supply systems on board: main electric power supply system emergency electric power supply system. Exceptions are given in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2 Sec.2 C104. Services required for normal operation of the offshore unit shall be operable with the emergency electrical power generation and distribution system being unavailable, unless such services are permitted to be powered by emergency electrical power supply only. All consumers that support functions required to be available in normal operation, shall be supplied from distribution systems independent of the emergency electrical power supply system. Exemptions are made for one of redundant consumers required for dead ship recovery. All consumers required to be available in emergency operation shall be supplied from distribution systems independent of the main electric power supply system. Consumers required having both main and emergency supply shall be supplied as required by relevant rules applicable for these consumers. The primary supply shall be from the main system. Offshore units without a dedicated emergency electric power supply system are accepted upon compliance with requirements in DNV-OS-D201 Ch.2 Sec.2 C104. Relevant specifications for system voltage, frequency and earthing are given in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 as follows:
Table 2-1 Description System earthing Types of distribution system Hull return systems System voltages and frequencies Lightning protection Earthing of aluminium superstructures on steel offshore units Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 Sec.2 A103 Sec.2 A104 Sec.2 A105 Sec.2 A200 Sec.2 I600 Sec.2 I700

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Section 3. Arrangements and Installation


3.1 Arrangement
Arrangements for electrical installations are specified in OS-D202, Ch.2, Sec.2 I as follows:
Table 3-1 Description Ventilation Arrangement of power generation and distribution Installation of switchboards1 Arrangement for high voltage switchboard rooms Passage ways for main and emergency switchboards Distribution switchboards
1

Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 Sec.2, I101 Sec.2, I102 Sec.2, I201 Sec.2, I202 Sec.2, I203 Sec.2, I204

Applies for transformers as well

For the arrangement of batteries see 4.3.

3.2 Installation
The following applies for installation of electrical equipment: All electrical equipment shall be permanently installed and electrically safe. This shall prevent injury to personnel, when the equipment is handled or touched in the normal manner. (Interpretation of SOLAS Ch.II-1/45.1.3) All electrical equipment shall be selected and installed so as to avoid EMC problems. Thus preventing disturbing emissions from equipment, or preventing equipment from becoming disturbed and affecting its intended function(s). Electrical equipment shall be placed in accessible locations so that those parts, which require manual operation, are easily accessible. Heat dissipating electrical equipment as for example lighting fittings and heating elements, shall be located and installed so that high temperature equipment parts do not damage associated cables and wiring, or affect surrounding material or equipment, and thus become a fire hazard. (Interpretation of SOLAS Ch.II1/45.7) Equipment shall be installed in such a manner that the circulation of air to and from the associated equipment or enclosures is not obstructed. The temperature of the cooling inlet air shall not exceed the ambient temperature for which the equipment is specified. All equipment of smaller type (luminaries, socket outlets etc.) shall be protected against mechanical damage either by safe location or by additional protection, if not of a rugged metallic construction. In addition installation requirements are given in OS-D20, Ch.2 Sec.10 B as listed in the table below.
Table 3-2 Description Ventilation High voltage switchgear Passage of switchboards Transformers Heating and cooking appliances Equipment enclosure, ingress protection Reference in OS-D201, Ch.2 Sec.10 Sec.10, B102 Sec.10, B103 Sec.10, B104 Sec.10, B105 Sec.10, B106 Sec.10, B200

Section 4. Power Supply


4.1 Main
4.1.1 Capacity The main power supply system shall have the capacity to supply power to all services necessary for maintaining the offshore unit in normal operation without recourse to the emergency source of power. There shall be component redundancy for main sources of power, transformers and power converters in the main power supply system so that with any source, transformer or power converter out of operation, the power supply system shall be capable of supplying power to the following services: those services necessary to provide normal operational conditions and safety starting the largest essential or important electric motor on board, except auxiliary thrusters, without the
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transient voltage and frequency variations exceeding the limits specified in DNV-OS-D201 Ch.2 Sec.2 A200 ensuring minimum comfortable conditions of habitability which shall include at least adequate services for cooking, heating, domestic refrigeration (except refrigerators for air conditioning), mechanical ventilation, sanitary and fresh water for a duplicated essential or important auxiliary, one being supplied non-electrically and the other electrically (e.g. lubricating oil pump No. 1 driven by the main engine, No. 2 by electric motor), it is not expected that the electrically driven auxiliary is used when one generator is out of service For dead ship recovery, see Ch.1, Sec.5.4. 4.1.2 Generator prime movers Each generator shall normally be driven by a separate auxiliary engine not to be used for driven other auxiliary systems. Auxiliary engines shall comply with the requirements in DNV-OS-D101, Sec.5 B.
Guidance note: Generators based on variable speed drives will be evaluated in each case. As a minimum, the following should be evaluated: - availability - stability of output voltage and frequency - short circuit capability and protection.
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4.1.3 System functionality At least two generator sets, connected to separate main busbar sections, shall be arranged with systems for starting in a blackout situation. However, only one standby generator may be permitted if this generator is not intended to be used for normal operation of the offshore unit. Requirements to energy for starting and supply to auxiliaries required for starting are given in OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2, B202. 4.1.4 Load shedding and automatic restoration of power The system shall be so arranged that the electrical supply to ensure safety of the offshore unit, will be maintained or immediately restored in case of loss of any one of the generators in service. This means: All generators shall be equipped with automatic load shedding or other automatic means to prevent sustained overload of any generator, ref. DNV-OS-D201 Ch.2 Sec.2 G101. Where the electrical power is normally supplied by one generator provision shall be made, upon loss of power, for automatic starting and connecting to the main switchboard of standby generator(s) of sufficient capacity with automatic restarting of the essential auxiliaries, in sequential operation if required. Starting and connection to the main switchboard of the standby generator is to be preferably within 30 seconds, but in any case not more than 45 seconds, after loss of power. Where prime movers with longer starting time are used, this starting and connection time may be exceeded upon approval from the society. Where more than one generating set is necessary to cover normal loads, the power supply system shall be provided with suitable means for tripping or load reduction of consumers. If necessary, important consumers may be tripped in order to permit propulsion and steering and to ensure safety. If the remaining on line generators are not able to permit propulsion and steering and to ensure safety, provision shall be made for automatic starting and connection to the main switchboard of the standby generator.

4.2 Emergency power supply systems


Requirements for emergency power supply systems are given in DNV-OS-D201 Ch.2 Sec.2 C.
Table 4-1 Description Emergency power source Capacity Services to be supplied Independent installation of power sources Emergency switchboard Transitional source Emergency generators Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 Sec.2, C101 Sec.2, C102 Sec.2, C103 Sec.2, C104 Sec.2, C105 Sec.2, C200 Sec.2, C300

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4.3 Battery systems


Trip of battery by Emergency Shutdown System (ESD) shall be arranged as required by DNV-OS-A101, Sec.5. Additional requirements for rechargeable Lead Acid and NiCd batteries are given in OS-D201, Ch.2 as follows:
Table 4-2 Description Capacity of accumulator batteries Battery powered systems Battery monitoring Arrangement Ventilation Charging stations for battery powered fork lift (if applicable) Materials for installation Testing Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 Ch.2, Sec.2 D101 Ch.2, Sec.2 D102 Ch.2, Sec.2 D103 Ch.2, Sec.2 I403 Ch.2, Sec.2 I404 Ch.2, Sec.2 I405 Ch.2, Sec.10 B302 Ch.2, Sec.10 B303

Requirements for installation of electrical equipment in battery rooms, lockers and boxes are given in Ch.3 Sec.3., alternatively OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.11, C205 Installation of rechargeable battery types other than Lead Acid and NiCd will be evaluated case-by-case based on the above requirements and DNV Rules for Ships Pt.6 Ch.28 - Tentative Rules for Battery Power. Installation and ventilation recommendations from the manufacturer should always be followed.

4.4 Power supply to jacking gear


For power supply to jacking gear, see Chapter 1, Section 6.

Section 5. Electrical Power Distribution


Requirements to electric power distribution are given in DNV-OS-D201 Ch.2 Sec.2 F as follows:
Table 5-1 Description General Consequence of single failure Division of main busbars Generator circuits Lighting Power supply to control and monitoring systems Low voltage shore connections Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 Sec.2, F101 Sec.2, F102 See below Sec.2, F104 Sec.2, F200 Sec.2, F300 Sec.2, F400

Due to redundancy requirement for jacking machinery, the main busbar shall be subdivided into at least two parts. So far as is practicable, the connection of generating sets and other duplicated equipment shall be equally divided between the parts. In addition: For high voltage distribution systems, the main busbar sections shall be connected by circuit breaker. For low voltage distribution systems, busbars which can be divided into at least two parts within three hours can be accepted. (System category repairable system R3 as defied in Chapter 3 1.4 or DNV-OSD202 Ch.2 Sec.1 B102.)

Section 6. Protection
Requirements to protection are given in DNV-OS-D201 Ch.2 Sec.2 G as follows:
Table 6-1 Description System protection Circuit protection Generator protection Transformer protection Motor protection Battery protection Harmonic Filter protection Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 Sec.2, G100 Sec.2, G200 Sec.2, G300 Sec.2, G400 Sec.2, G500 Sec.2, G600 Sec.2, G700 DET NORSKE VERITAS AS

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Section 7. Control
Requirements to control of electric equipment are given in DNV-OS-D201 Ch.2 Sec.2 H as follows:
Table 7-1 Description Control circuits Control of generator sets and main power supply Main and emergency switchboard control Motor control Emergency stop Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 Sec.2, H100 Sec.2, H200 Sec.2, H300 Sec.2, H400 Sec.2, H500

Section 8. Electrical Equipment:


In general, DNVs electrical equipment requirements are based on IEC standard IEC 61892, part 1, General requirements and conditions, part 2 Systems design, and part 3 Equipment. For environmental requirements, see Pt.1, Ch.3, Sec.3. Other general requirements for electrical equipment are given in OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.3 as listed in the table below.
Table 8-1 Description Electrical parameters Maximum operating temperatures Mechanical strength Cooling and anti-condensation Termination and cable entrances Equipment protective earthing Enclosures ingress protection Clearance and creepage distances Insulation materials Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.3 Sec.3, C100 Sec.3, C200 Sec.3, D100 Sec.3, D200 Sec.3, D300 Sec.3, D400 Sec.3, D500 Sec.3, D600 Sec 3, F100

Requirements for specific electrical equipment are given in OS-D201 Ch.2 as listed below.
Table 8-2 Description Switchgear and control gear assemblies Rotating Machines Power transformers Semi-conductor converters Miscellaneous Equipment Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2 Ch.2, Sec.4 Ch.2, Sec.5 Ch.2, Sec.6 Ch.2, Sec.7 Ch.2, Sec.8

Section 9. Cables
9.1 Cable selection
These technical requirements for cables and cable installations are considered relevant for the system design phase of a project. However, they apply as well to the final installation on the offshore unit. Details can be found in OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 J as detailed in the table below.

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Table 9-1 Description Fire resistant cables Voltage rating Colour code on earthing cable Cable separation and protection Cable temperature Choice of insulation materials Rating of earth conductors Correction factors Parallel connection of cables Additional requirements for AC installations and special DC installations Rating of cables Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 Sec.2, J102 Sec.2, J103 Sec.2, J104 Sec.2, J105 Sec.2, J200 Sec.2, J300 Sec.2, J400 Sec.2, J500 Sec.2, J600 Sec.2, J700 Sec.2, J800

9.2 Cable construction and rating


The cables shall comply to the standards as described in OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.9 as listed in the table below.
Table 9-2 Description Application General cable construction High voltage cables Low voltage power cables Control and instrumentation cables Data communication cables Fibre optic cables Inspection and testing Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.9 Sec.9 A Sec.9 B Sec.9 C Sec.9 D Sec.9 E Sec.9 F Sec.9 G Sec.9 H

9.3 Cable routing and installations


Cable runs shall be installed well clear of substantial heat sources such as boilers, heated oil tanks, steam, exhaust or other heated pipes, unless it is ensured that the insulation type and current rating is adapted to the actual temperatures at such spaces. Other relevant requirements are given in OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 and Sec.10 as detailed in the table below.
Table 9-3 Description Separation of cables for emergency services, essential and important equipment Separation of main generators or main power converters cabling Routing of cables Penetrations of bulkheads and decks Fire protection measures Support and fixing of cables and cable runs Cable expansion Cable pipes Splicing of cables Termination of cables Trace or surface heating installation requirements Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2 Sec.2, I502 Sec.2, I503 Sec.10, C200 Sec.10, C300 Sec.10, C400 Sec.10, C500 Sec.10, C600 Sec.10, C700 Sec.10, C800 Sec.10, C900 Sec.10, C1000

Additional requirements for cables installed in hazardous areas are given in OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.11 as detailed in the table below.
Table 9-4 Description Cable types Fixed cable installations Flexible cables Reference in DNV-OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.11 Sec.11, D201 Sec.11, D202 Sec.11, D203

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Penetrations of bulkheads and decks Cable entrance into equipment Termination and wiring inside Ex-e and Ex-d enclosures Intrinsically safe circuit wiring and termination Special conditions in EX certificates

Sec.11, D204 Sec.11, D205 Sec.11, D206 Sec.11, D207 Sec.11, D208

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CHAPTER 3 AREA ARRANGEMENTS


Section 1. General
1.1 Scope
This chapter covers the arrangement of areas in general and hazardous areas with the relevant requirements for machinery and electrical equipment. The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Overview of references Reference Title DNV-OS-A101 Safety Principles and Arrangements DNV-OS-C301 Stability and Watertight Integrity DNV-OS-D101 Marine and Machinery Systems and Equipment DNV-OS-D201 Electrical Installations DNV-OS-D202 Automation, Safety, and Telecommunication Systems DNV-OS-E301 Position Mooring IEC 61892 Mobile and fixed offshore units Electrical installations

1.2 Plans and data to be submitted


Documentation related to this chapter shall be submitted as required by the table below
Table 1-2 Documentation requirements Object Documentation type G070 - Source of release schedule Hazardous area classification Ventilation systems Emergency escape Assembly station / muster station / temporary refuge space Escape route G080 - Hazardous area classification drawing V010 - Ducting diagram G100 Escape and evacuation study Z030 System Arrangement plan G120 Escape route drawing For: AC power systems DC battery systems UPS systems Additional description For approval (AP) or For information (FI) On request (R) FI AP AP AP AP AP

Section 2. Arrangements
The unit or installation shall be divided into different areas according to the type of activities that will be carried out and the associated hazard potential. Areas of high risk potential shall be segregated from areas of low risk potential, and from areas containing important safety functions. Incident escalation between areas shall be avoided. Accommodation and other areas important for safety, such as control stations, shall be located in areas classified as non-hazardous by location, and as far as practicable away from hazardous areas for hydrocarbon processing, hydrocarbon storage, wellheads, risers and drilling. The effect of prevailing winds and potential for segregation by less hazardous areas shall also be considered for area protection. Use of firewalls, blast walls, cofferdams etc. shall be considered in cases where segregation by physical distance is not sufficient. Where control stations or control functions are located in LER/LIRs outside the accommodation block/safe area special precautions against gas ignition related to gas detection, ventilation and shutdown will need to be provided.

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Specific requirements for location of equipment are given in OS-A101 Ch.2 as listed in the table below.
Table 2-1 Description Location of safety systems Location of risers and ESD valves Location of air intakes and other openings Fired heaters, combustion engines and hot surfaces Location of flares and vents Cranes and lay down areas Mooring systems Production and well testing Reference in OS-A101 Ch.2 Sec.2, D100 Sec.2, D200 Sec.2, D300 Sec.2, D400 Sec.2, D500 Sec.3 F Sec.8, B200 Sec.8, B400

2.1 Electrical installations


Arrangements for electrical installations are specified in OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 I as listed below.
Table 2-2 Description Ventilation Arrangement of power generation and distribution Installation of switchboards1 Arrangement for high voltage switchboard rooms Passage ways for main and emergency switchboards Distribution switchboards Reference in OS-D201, Ch.2, Sec.2 Sec.2, I101 Sec.2, I102 Sec.2, I201 Sec.2, I202 Sec.2, I203 Sec.2, I204

Section 3. Hazardous Areas Installations


3.1 Area classification
Hazardous areas are classified as follows: Zone 0: in which an explosive gas atmosphere is continuously present or present for long periods. (Typical for continuous grade source present for more than 1000 hours a year or that occurs frequently for short periods). Zone 1: in which an explosive gas atmosphere is likely to occur in normal operation. (Typical for primary grade source present between 10 and 1000 hours a year). Zone 2: in which an explosive gas atmosphere is not likely to occur in normal operation, and if it does occur, is likely to do so infrequently and will exist for a short period only. (Typical for secondary grade source present for less than 10 hours per year and for short periods only).

3.2 Battery rooms, paint stores, and welding gas bottle stores
Electrical equipment installed in battery rooms lockers or boxes, paint stores or welding gas bottle stores, and in ventilation ducts serving such spaces shall be suitable for installation in zone 1 with the following requirements for gas group and ignition temperature: battery rooms: minimum gas group II C and temperature class T1 paint stores: minimum gas group II B and temperature class T3 welding gas bottle stores: minimum gas group II C and temperature class T2. Cables routed through such spaces shall either be suitable for installation in hazardous area zone 1, or be installed in metallic conduit. Areas on open deck within 1m of inlet and exhaust ventilation openings or within 3 m of exhaust outlets with mechanical ventilation are classified as zone 2. Enclosed spaces giving access to such areas may be considered as non-hazardous, provided that: the door to the space is a gastight door with self-closing devices and without holding back arrangements (a watertight door is considered gastight) the space is provided with an acceptable, independent, natural ventilation system ventilated from a safe area warning notices are fitted adjacent to the entrance to the space stating that the store contains flammable liquids or gas. Battery rooms and lockers or boxes shall be regarded as zone 2 hazardous areas with respect to access doors, lids or removable panels and possible interference with other rooms.
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The fan mounted inside extract ventilation ducts shall be of non-sparking type.

3.3 Requirements for specific systems


3.3.1 Combustion engines Combustion equipment and combustion engines shall normally not be located in hazardous areas. Where it is necessary to house combustion engines in a hazardous area, either the equipment shall be placed in a pressurized space or the equipment shall be otherwise protected to prevent ignition. 3.3.2 Electrical installations and cables Electrical equipment and cables installed in hazardous areas shall be limited to that necessary for operational purposes. Electrical equipment with temperature Class T3 (maximum 200C) shall be used when hydrocarbon gases give rise to hazardous areas. The installation in hazardous areas shall comply with DNVOS-D201 Ch.2 sec.11. Electrical cables are as far as possible to be routed outside areas containing drilling mud (ref OS-A101 Ch.2, Sec.8 D101). Cables that necessarily will have to be so located that they may come into contact with mud are to be constructed of materials resistant to oil based mud (ref OS-A101 Ch.2, Sec.8 D102). Electrical equipment left operational after APS shutdown or as located in non-hazardous areas affected by a gas release shall be certified for operation in zone 2 areas. The certification requirement does not apply if the room where the equipment is located is efficiently isolated (typically living quarters).

Section 4. Ventilation Systems


The ventilation system shall be designed to maintain acceptable working and living environment for the personnel and non-detrimental conditions for equipment and machinery. There shall be independent ventilation systems for hazardous and non-hazardous areas. Non-hazardous enclosed spaces shall be ventilated with over pressure in relation to hazardous areas. Regarding ventilation of spaces in which machinery is operated and where flammable or toxic gases or vapours may accumulate, where low oxygen atmosphere may occur, machinery spaces and emergency generator room shall be provided with adequate ventilation under all conditions.
Guidance note: By adequate ventilation is meant natural or mechanical ventilation sufficient to prevent an accumulation of gases above a concentration of 25% of their Lower Explosion Limit (LEL).
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Specific requirements for specific areas are given in OS-A101 and -D101 as listed in the table below.
Table 4-1 Description Location for air intakes and other openings Accommodation and control spaces Ventilation of Machinery spaces Ventilation of Gas Hazardous areas Fans serving hazardous spaces Ductwork Reference in OS-A101 and D101 OS-A101, Ch.2, Sec.3, D300 OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.4, K100 OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.4, K200 OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.4, K300 OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.4, K400 OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.4, K500

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Section 5. Marking and Signboards


For the installation of marking and signboards, the overview of can be followed.
TEXT of SIGNBOARD (EXAMPLE) PORTABLE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT SUPPLIED BY FLEXIBLE CABLES SHALL NOT BE USED IN AREAS WHERE THERE IS GAS DANGER. WELDING APPARATUS SHALL NOT BE USED OUTSIDE THE ENGINE ROOM, UNLESS THE WORKING SPACE AND ADJACENT SPACES ARE GASFREE. HAZARDOUS AREA ESCAPE TO SEA SMOKING AND USE OF NAKED LIGHTS PROHIBITED PLACES to be DISPLAYED Each socket outlets in or adjacent to hazardous areas OS RULE REFERENCE DNV-OS-A101 Sec.6 E104

Each connection for welding apparatus outside engine rooms On self-closing doors between areas with different area classification Escape ways to sea Areas for storage of flammable, radioactive, explosive or otherwise hazardous substances Internal openings which are kept permanently closed during the operation of the unit. Locally operated doors or hatch covers. Hatch on upper deck to engine room. Rope hatches on mooring deck, forward and aft. Hatch on aft mooring deck to steering gear room. Hatch on forward mooring deck to bosun store. Hatches on main deck to fuel oil and ballast tanks. All connections (inlet/outlet) to sea.

DNV-OS-A101 Sec.6 E105

DNV-OS-A101 Sec.6 E304 DNV-OS-A101 Sec.6 E101 DNV-OS-A101 Sec.6 E101 DNV-OS-A101 Sec.6 E302

TO BE KEPT CLOSED AT SEA

DNV-OS-C301 Ch.2 Sec.2 B202 DNV-OS-C301 Ch.2 Sec.2 Table I1

SEA DIRECT

DNV-OS-D101 Ch2 Sec.1 A206 DNV-OS-D101 Ch2 Sec.1 A 05 DNV-OS-C301 Ch2. Sec.2 F101 DNV-OS-D101 Ch.2 Sec.3 E504 On sounding pipes for tanks, cofferdams and pipe tunnels DNV-OS-D101 Ch.2 Sec.3 E505 On loading station pipe connection for filling of tanks which can be filled by pumps not installed in the vessel. Boiler control panels next to boiler and remote boiler panels. Control panel for incinerator. Control panel for inert gas generator All air pipes from tanks and spaces are to be clearly marked at the upper end with the tank or space number. High voltage machines, transformers, cables, switchgear & control gear assemblies (marked every 20 meters) DNV-OS-D101 Ch.2 Sec.3 E201

MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE PUMP CAPACITY FOR TANKS WHICH CAN BE FILLED BY PUMPS NOT INSTALLED IN THE VESSEL IS (specify capacity) M3/H CAUTION! NO BURNER TO BE FIRED BEFORE THE FURNACE HAS BEEN PROPERLY PURGED

DNV-OS-D101 Ch.2 Sec.3 E504 DNV-OS-D101 Ch.2 Sec.3 E505 DNV-OS-D101 Ch.2 Sec.2 E111 DNV-OS-D201 Ch2 Sec.3 E104c DNV-OS-D201 Ch2 Sec.10 B503c DNV-OS-D201 Ch2 Sec.3 E104a

HIGH VOLTAGE CAUTION! (rated voltage) FUSES ONLY DANGER! (maximum voltage) VAC ONLY FOR CONNECTION OF (type of equipment) WARNING! EXPLOSIVE GAS NO SMOKING OR USE OF NAKED LIGHTS WARNING! (rated voltage) VOLTAGE

Switchgear fed from more than one individually protected circuit Each socket outlets for portable appliances which are not DNV-OS-D201 Ch2 Sec.8 handheld during operation (i.e. welding transformers, A101c refrigerated containers) Battery rooms and on doors or covers of boxes or lockers Battery systems above 50V Motors on open deck shall have ingress protection IP 56, and either:

DNV-OS-D201 Ch2 Sec.10 B502g DNV-OS-D201 Ch2 Sec.10 B502i

ONLY TO BE USED IN PORT

be naturally cooled, i.e. without external cooling fan be vertically mounted and equipped with an additional steel hat preventing ingress of water or snow into any external ventilator or be equipped with a signboard requiring that the motor shall only be used in port, and be provided with additional covers (e.g. tarpaulins) at sea. Signboards giving guidance for safe use, or conditions for use, shall be fitted, if necessary, in order to avoid inadvertent or dangerous operation of equipment and or systems

DNV-OS-D201 Ch2 Sec.10 Table B1

DNV-OS-D201 Ch2 Sec.10 B502

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TEXT of SIGNBOARD (EXAMPLE) ENGINE ALARM INERGEN H2S HC

PLACES to be DISPLAYED On all visual alarms in rooms / spaces is to be marked with name of alarm.

OS RULE REFERENCE DNV-OS-D202 Ch.2 Sec.2 A502

Switchboards that are arranged for supply by two (or more) alternative circuits shall be provided with interlock or instructions for correct operation by DNV-OS-D202 Ch.2 Sec.2 H306 signboard on the switchboard. Positive indication of which of the circuits is feeding the switchboard shall be provided. Ch.2 App.A TO BE KEPT CLOSED On doors to rooms/spaces with fixed fire fighting system DNV-OS-D301 C204 DNV-OS-D301 Ch.2 App.A On all release stations for fixed fire-fighting systems C204 ALARM TO BE SOUNDED PRIOR On location(s) where remote operation of the windlasses DNV-OS-E301 Ch.2 sec.4 K514 TO REMOTE OPERATION or winches can be carried out

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CHAPTER 4 CONTROL AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS


Section 1. General
1.1 Introduction
This chapter list requirements for control and telecommunication systems. The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Overview of references Reference Title IMO Res. A.830(19) Code on Alarms and Indicators, 1995 DNV-OS-A101 Safety Principles and Arrangements DNV-OS-D202 Automation, Safety, and Telecommunication Systems

1.2 Application
The requirements in this system are in special applicable for the fire & gas system, platform automation and GA/PA system. In this respect, the suppliers of these systems should take special notice of these during their system design, delivery and installation on board. Requirements applicable only for units with the voluntary class notation ES, are identified by the notation name in bold in the head- and closing line.

1.3 Plans and data to be submitted


A general overview of the required plans and analyses to be submitted is listed below. A more detailed overviewed, tuned to the specific design and project scope can be obtained from DNVs Nauticus Production System.
Table 1-2 Documentation requirements Object Two-way voice internal communication systems Vessel control and monitoring systems Engineer's alarm system Integrated control and monitoring system Emergency shut down system Documentation type E170 - Electrical schematic drawing E030 - Arrangement plan Z140 - Test procedure for quay and sea trial I200 - Control and monitoring system documentation I010 - Control system philosophy I200 - Control and monitoring system documentation Additional description Cable diagram and power supply arrangement. Location of communication apparatuses. For approval (AP) or For information (FI) On request (R) AP AP AP

Section 2. Principles
The principles for automation, safety and telecommunication systems are described in DNV-OS-D202 as further outlined in the remaining of this chapter. The definitions of safety and important systems together with the different levels of system availability as given in Pt.1, Ch.4 are applicable for the automation system controlling these systems as well.

2.1 Response to failures


2.1.1 Failure detection Essential and important systems shall have facilities to detect the most probable failures that may cause reduced or erroneous system performance. Failures detected shall initiate alarms in an assigned manned control station. The failure detection facilities shall at least, but not limited to, cover the following failure types: power failures sensor and actuator failures.

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and additionally for computer based systems: communication errors computer hardware failures software execution failures software logical failures.

2.1.2 Fail-safe functionality The most probable failures, for example loss of power or wire failure, shall result in the least critical of any possible new conditions.

Section 3. System Design


The safety and automation system shall be designed as mutually independent systems. The different elements must not be designed as one combined system, where safety functions are combined with automation functions. For essential and important systems, deviations between a command action and expected result of the command action shall initiate an alarm. Planning and reporting system elements shall have no outputs for real-time process equipment control during planning mode. Output from calculation, simulation or decision support modules shall not suppress basic information necessary to allow safe operation of essential and important functions. Other detailed requirements are given in OS-D202, Ch.2, Sec.2 as listed in the table below.
Table 3-1 Description Automation system Safety system Alarms Indications System operation and maintenance Reference in OS-D202, Ch.2, Sec.2 Sec.2, A200 Sec.2, A400 Sec.2, A600 Sec.2, A700 Sec.2, B100

3.1 Additional requirements for computer based systems


For system design based on computers, additional requirements as given in D202, Ch.2, Sec.3 apply as detailed in the table below.
Table 3-2 Description General requirements System software Network systems and communication References in D202, Ch.2, Sec.3 Sec.3 A Sec.3 B Sec.3 C

Section 4. Component Design and Installation


For the design of components and installed typically under responsibility from the yard, the specific requirements in D202, Ch.2, Sec.4 apply as detailed in the table below.
Table 4-1 Description General Environmental conditions Electrical and electronic equipment Pneumatic and Hydraulic equipment Reference in D202, Ch.2, Sec.4 Sec.4 A Sec.4 B Sec.4 C Sec.4 D

Section 5. User Interface


The location and design of the user interface shall give consideration to the physical capabilities of the user and comply with accepted ergonomic principles. This requirement affects workstation design and arrangement, user input devices and displays/ screens. Detailed requirements are given in D202, Ch.2, Sec.5 as detailed in
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the table below.


Table 5-1 Description Workstation design and arrangement User Input Device and Visual Display Unit Design Screen based systems References in D202, Ch.2, Sec.5 Sec.5 B Sec.5 C Sec.5 D

Section 6. Emergency Control


6.1 Emergency shut down
An Emergency Shutdown System in compliance with MODU code 2009 regulation 6.5 shall be provided. A Mobile Offshore Unit Safety Certificate is issued by an Administration or authorized organization other than DNV is accepted as evidence. 6.1.1 Additional requirements for notation ES An emergency shutdown system (ESD) shall include: manual input devices (push buttons) interfaces towards other safety systems, as e.g.: fire detection system gas detection system alarm and communication systems process shutdown system drilling and well control system firefighting systems ventilation systems.

a central control unit receiving and evaluating signals from the manual input devices and the interfaced systems, and creating output signals to devices that shall be shut down or activated. The ESD central shall include a device providing visual indication of initiated inputs and activated outputs and a local audible alarm output actuators as e.g. relays, valves and dampers, including status indicators signal transfer lines between the ESD central and all input devices, interfaced systems and output actuators power supply. The ESD system shall a) be designed so that the risk of unintentional shutdown caused by malfunction or inadvertent operation is minimised. b) be designed to allow testing without interrupting other systems onboard. c) have continuous availability R0 as defined in DNV-OS-D202, Ch.2 Sec.1 B200. d) be located in a non-hazardous and continuously manned area. The ESD central control unit shall be powered from the main power system and from a monitored Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) capable of at least 30 minutes continuous operation on loss of main power. The UPS shall be powered from both the main and the emergency power system (ref OS-A101 Ch.2, Sec.5 A). International requirements for a simplified shutdown hierarchy may be applied on agreement between yard and owner (ref OS-A101 Ch.2, Sec.8 E101). Additional requirements for ESD systems are given in OS-A101, Sec.5 as detailed in the table below.
Table 6-1 Description Safety and shutdown philosophy Fail-safe functionality Protection system and shutdown logic Automatic and manual shutdown Certification of electrical equipment for use in an Emergency References in OS-A101, Sec.5 Sec.5 B Sec.5 C Sec.5 D Sec.5 E Sec.5 F

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6.2 Emergency control


Where an integrated operator station is part of a safety system, back-up or emergency means of operation of the safety system shall be provided, which to the largest extent possible shall be independent of the integrated operator station and network. 6.2.1 Additional requirements for notation ES In case of an integrated operator station part of a safety function, a Central Alarm and Action panel shall be provided, including the remote operation of: foam systems and indication of foam system status, if applicable, Gas detection status indication (flammable and toxic) Activation of BOP release sequence (normally located in BOP control panel). remove all inhibits/over-rides/blockings active inhibit/over-ride/blocking indication fire water pump start and pump status indication release of water based extinguishing systems and release confirmation indication fire detection status indication release of ESD and ESD release confirmation indication lamp test, silence buzzer etc.

6.2.2 Emergency control room At least two emergency control stations shall be provided. One of the stations is to be located near the drilling console and the second station is to be at a suitable manned location outside the hazardous areas (ref OSA101 Ch.2, Sec.8 E102). The control stations are to be provided with: manually operated contact makers for actuating the general alarm system. an efficient means of communication between these stations and all manned locations vital to the safety of the vessel. emergency shutdown facilities. (ref OS-A101 Ch.2, Sec.8 E103)

Section 7. Communication & Alarms


7.1 Communication
The required internal communication systems shall be capable of being supplied from the emergency source of power, for a period of at least 18 hours. A voice communication system is to be provided between the central jacking control station and a location at each leg in self-elevating units. The unit or installation shall be equipped with a public address system. The alarm system may be combined with the public address system, provided that: alarms automatically override any other input volume controls are automatically set for alarm sounding all parts of the public address system (e.g. amplifiers, signal cables and loudspeakers) are made redundant redundant parts are located or routed separately all loudspeakers are protected with fuses against short circuits.

7.2 Alarms
Alarms initiated from the following systems shall be provided where relevant: general emergency (ESD) or muster fire detection hydrocarbon gas detection toxic gas (e.g. Hydrogen sulphide) detection fire extinguishing medium release (CO2 or other gases with lethal concentrations) power-operated watertight door closing.

All alarms shall be indicated visually and audibly in the control center. An alarm philosophy shall be established ensuring that the alarms are simple and unambiguous. The philosophy shall define which alarms are broadcast to the entire unit or installation and whether this should occur automatically or not.
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The number of alarms during abnormal conditions shall be assessed and reduced as far as practicable by alarm processing/suppression techniques in order to have operator attention on the most critical alarms that require operator action. The alarms shall be clearly audible at all locations on the unit or installation, and shall be easily distinguishable. If noise in an area prevents the audible alarm being heard a visible means of alarm shall be provided.
Guidance note: See IMO Resolution A.830(19) Code on Alarms and Indicators, 1995 for details on priorities, grouping, locations and types, including colours, symbols etc. National authorities may have specific requirements deviating from the IMO Resolution. These will normally be acceptable for classification purposes.
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Alarm to areas which are not regularly manned (e.g. cofferdams, tanks) may be covered by procedural precautions, e.g. using portable radios. Activation of the general alarm shall be possible from the main control stations, including navigation bridge and radio room. Requirements for alarms in connection with watertight doors and release of hazardous fire extinguishing medium are given in DNV-OS-C301 and DNV-OS-D301. The alarm system shall be regularly tested. 7.2.1 Additional requirements for notation ES The two way voice communication extensions at control stations and the navigation bridge shall have priority. The two-way voice communication system shall be supplied by a battery or an uninterruptible power supply as a stand-by power supply sufficient to operate the system for at least 30 minutes. In addition to the alarm systems, a two-way communication system shall be provided for transmittal of alarm, instructions and information between those who may require them. The alarm and communication system shall be powered from the main power system and from a monitored Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) capable of at least 1 (one) hour continuous operation on loss of main power. The UPS shall be powered from both the main and the emergency power system.

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CHAPTER 5 FIRE PROTECTION


Section 1. General
1.1 Introduction
This chapter provides principles for design, construction and installation of fire protection of offshore units and installations. The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Reference IMO MODU Code IMO FSS DNV-OS-A101 DNV-OS-D101 DNV-OS-D202 DNV-OS-D301 Title Code for the construction and equipment of Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, 2009 Code International Code for Fire Safety Systems Safety Principles and Arrangements Marine and Machinery Systems and Equipment Automation, Safety, and Telecommunication Systems Fire protection

1.2 Application
A Mobile Offshore Unit Safety Certificate is issued by an Administration or authorized organization other than DNV is accepted as evidence that the unit is in accordance with the requirements of this Chapter. Where the Administration has authorized DNV to issue the MOU safety certificates on its behalf, DNV will give effect to the fire protection, detection and extinction requirements following the descriptions of this chapter. Requirements applicable only for units with the voluntary class notation ES are identified by the notation name in bold in the head- and closing line.

1.3 Plans and data to be submitted


A general overview of the required plans and analyses to be submitted is listed below. A more detailed overviewed, tuned to the specific design and project scope can be obtained from DNVs Nauticus Production System.
Table 1-2 Documentation requirements Object Documentation type Additional description For approval (AP) or For information (FI) On request (R) AP

Fire resisting and noncombustible materials Structural fire protection arrangements Machinery space fire doors

Surface materials, insulation materials, M020- Material specification, fire primary deck coverings, related properties textiles, furniture and bedding. G060 - Structural fire protection drawing V060 - Penetration drawings M020- Material specification, fire related properties

AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP AP Detectors, call points and alarm devices. AP AP AP AP

Structural fire protection of Z110 - Data sheet drilling area structure Fire and gas detection and alarm Cause and effect diagram systems Design philosophy I200 - Control and monitoring Fire detection and alarm system system documentation Z030 - System arrangement plan I200 - Control and monitoring Hydrocarbon gas detection and system documentation alarm system, fixed Z030 - System arrangement plan Fire water system S010 - Piping diagram S030 - Capacity analysis Z030 - System arrangement plan

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Table 1-2 Documentation requirements (Continued) Object Documentation type Additional description For approval (AP) or For information (FI) On request (R)

Machinery spaces fixed water spraying fire extinguishing system Drilling area water spraying fire G200 - Fixed fire extinguishing system documentation extinguishing system External surface protection water spraying system G100 Escape and evacuation Emergency escape study Assembly station / muster station Z030 System Arrangement plan / temporary refuge space Escape route G120 Escape route drawing

AP

AP AP AP

Section 2. Principles
Requirements for fire protection are given in DNV-OS-D301 (principles, technical requirements and guidance for design, manufacturing and installation). This standard meets and is based on the regulations of the MODU code 2009. Wherever, the MODU code requires leaves room for interpretation, the standard completes the Code with additional specific requirements.

Section 3. Passive Fire Protection


Passive fire protection is as required by MODU code 9.2, Structural fire protection. Specific requirements for machinery systems and equipment are given is OS-D101, Ch.2, Sec.1, A500. Fire protection measures for cables are given in OS-D101 Ch.2, Sec.10 C400. Openings and penetrations in fire rated divisions shall be arranged so as to maintain the fire rating of the divisions. Penetrations shall be approved for the actual divisions where they are to be installed. Openings in bulkheads of H class are in general to be avoided.

3.1 Additional requirements for notation ES


Equipment and systems which are important to safety and need to be kept intact during a fire, shall be provided with passive fire protection or located such that they will not be exposed to excessive fire loads.
Guidance note: Such equipment and systems could be valves and their accumulators, cables and their trays, piping systems and pressure vessels with their support, position mooring system etc.
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Section 4. Fire Fighting Systems


4.1 Fire pumps, fire mains, hydrants and hoses
MODU code 2009 Ch.9, Sec.7 applies for fire pumps, fire mains, hydrant and hoses with the following remarks: It is acceptable that the fire water system is supplied from a header supplied from a leg well suction raw water system. If installed, the lowest water level to assure supply of water from each of any two fire hydrants, hoses and 19 mm nozzles while maintaining a minimum pressure of 0.35 N/mm2 at any hydrant for 15 minutes. Minimum tank capacity (below lowest automatically maintained water level) shall be 10 m3. Minimum one of the raw water pumps are to be arranged for automatic operation.
Guidance note: Minimum tank capacity to be compatible to fire water supply for all fire pump running modes as e.g. start-up in case the dimensional fire scenario.
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In interpretation of MODU code 9.7.17, use of GRE/GRP material in firewater ring main, we refer DNV OS-D101 Ch.2 Sec.2 B505
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In interpretation of MODU code 9.7.17, The isolating valves shall be provided for easy access of operation. Where the isolation valves are remotely operated, manual operation shall be possible locally.

4.2 Active fire protection of specific areas


MODU code 2009 Ch.9, Sec.7 and SOLAS II-2 applies for active fire protection of specific areas like accommodations, service and working spaces and machinery spaces. 4.2.1 Additional requirements for notation ES Additional fixed water protection systems are required for: Drill floor wellhead or turret areas processing areas well test area crude oil and gas manifolds or piping on deck glycol regeneration plant areas containing equipment or piping through which hydrocarbon fluids is flowed for the purpose of production, export or offloading and storage areas of storage of cylinders with compressed gas (oxygen, acetylene, etc.). More details on the installation requirements for the fixed water systems and specific requirements for deluge, sprinkler and monitors are given in D301, Ch.2, Sec.2 and 3 as follows:
Table 4-1 Description Production and processing areas Drilling areas Storage of gas cylinders Deluge systems Sprinkler systems Monitors Reference in D301, Ch.2, Sec.2 and 3 Sec.2, B100 Sec.2, B200 Sec.2, C100 Sec.3, B400 Sec.3, B500 Sec.3. B700

Section 5. Fire and Gas Detection Systems


In line with the fixed automatic gas detection system requirement of MODU code 9.8.1, a permanently installed automatic system shall be provided for detection of hydrogen sulphide gas in the following areas: shale-shaker area mud tank area drill floor above or in the mud flow line.

Hydrocarbon gas in hazardous areas, except in zone 0 and areas mechanically ventilated ventilation outlets from hazardous areas having mechanical ventilation intakes for ventilation air. If single fire or gas detectors are used for each detection area, fail safe action should be taken on instrument failure, meaning confirmed fire or gas.
Guidance note: If shutdown logic requires no shutdown action on confirmed fire/gas detection, detector failure should also only give alarm with equal priority. Normally local HVAC should be tripped on gas detection in the inlets and then detector failure should also cause HVAC trip.
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The detection system is to give both audible and visual alarm in the main control room and on the drill floor. The system is clearly to indicate where gas has been detected. Visual indication of the gas concentration shall be given in the main control room.

5.1 Additional requirements for notation ES


When it is intended that a particular section or detector shall be temporarily switched off, this state shall be clearly indicated. Reactivation of the section or detector shall be performed automatically after a pre-set time.
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Section 6. Escape
At least one escape route from the drilling derrick and from driller's cabin should lead directly to a safe place without requiring personnel entry to the central drill floor area. Otherwise as required in A101, Ch.2, Sec 6 as listed below.
Table 6-1 Description Escape routes Muster areas Emergency lighting Marking and warning signboards Reference in A101, Ch.2, Sec Sec.6 B Sec.6 C Sec.6 D Sec.6 E

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CHAPTER 6 ENHANCED CONTROL & SAFETY SYSTEMS


Section 1. Introduction
1.1 General
This chapter summarizes the specific requirements for the Enhanced Control & Safety Systems (ES) notation as identified in the previous chapters.

1.2 Objective
The objective of the ES notation is to increase safety over MODU Code and main class safety level in a cost effective way.

1.3 Scope
ES covers requirements for machinery and systems, in special regarding control systems and fire safety. All of the technical requirements as listed in this chapter come in addition to MODU Code 2009 and main class requirements as described in the remaining of this rule book.

1.4 Documentation requirements


To verify compliance with the requirements for enhanced safety, the following additional documentations is required.
813 G130 Z050 Emergency shut down system Cause and effect diagram Design philosophy Y; AP Y; AP 1A1 1A1 G1 G1 RC RC RC

Section 2. Control Systems


2.1 Emergency shutdown
An emergency shutdown system (ESD) shall include: manual input devices (push buttons) interfaces towards other safety systems, as e.g.: fire detection system gas detection system alarm and communication systems process shutdown system drilling and well control system fire fighting systems ventilation systems

a central control unit receiving and evaluating signals from the manual input devices and the interfaced systems, and creating output signals to devices that shall be shut down or activated. The ESD central shall include a device providing visual indication of initiated inputs and activated outputs and a local audible alarm output actuators as e.g. relays, valves and dampers, including status indicators signal transfer lines between the ESD central and all input devices, interfaced systems and output actuators power supply. The ESD system shall a) be designed so that the risk of unintentional shutdown caused by malfunction or inadvertent operation is minimized. b) be designed to allow testing without interrupting other systems onboard. c) have continuous availability R0 as defined in DNV-OS-D202, Ch.2 Sec.1 B200. d) be located in a non-hazardous and continuously manned area. The ESD central control unit shall be powered from the main power system and from a monitored Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) capable of at least 30 minutes continuous operation on loss of main power. The UPS shall be powered from both the main and the emergency power system (ref OS-A101 Ch.2, Sec.5 A). International requirements for a simplified shutdown hierarchy may be applied on agreement between yard and
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owner (ref OS-A101 Ch.2, Sec.8 E101). Additional requirements for ESD systems are given in OS-A101, Ch.2, Sec.5 as detailed below.
Table 2-1 Description Safety and shutdown philosophy Fail-safe functionality Protection system and shutdown logic Automatic and manual shutdown Certification of electrical equipment for use in an Emergency References in OS-A101, Ch.2 Sec.5 Sec.5 B Sec.5 C Sec.5 D Sec.5 E Sec.5 F

2.2 Emergency control


In case of an integrated operator station part of a safety function, a Central Alarm and Action panel shall be provided, including the remote operation of: foam systems and indication of foam system status, if applicable, Gas detection status indication (flammable and toxic) Activation of BOP release sequence (normally located in BOP control panel). remove all inhibits/over-rides/blockings active inhibit/over-ride/blocking indication fire water pump start and pump status indication release of water based extinguishing systems and release confirmation indication fire detection status indication release of ESD and ESD release confirmation indication lamp test, silence buzzer etc.

2.3 Communication
The two way voice communication extensions at control stations and the navigation bridge shall have priority. The two-way voice communication system shall be supplied by a battery or an uninterruptible power supply as a stand-by power supply sufficient to operate the system for at least 30 minutes. In addition to the alarm systems, a two-way communication system shall be provided for transmittal of alarm, instructions and information between those who may require them. The alarm and communication system shall be powered from the main power system and from a monitored Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) capable of at least 1 (one) hour continuous operation on loss of main power. The UPS shall be powered from both the main and the emergency power system.

Section 3. Fire Protection


3.1 Passive fire protection
Equipment and systems which are important to safety and need to be kept intact during a fire, shall be provided with passive fire protection or located such that they will not be exposed to excessive fire loads.
Guidance note: Such equipment and systems could be valves and their accumulators, cables and their trays, piping systems and pressure vessels with their support, position mooring system etc.
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3.2 Active fire protection of specific areas


Fixed water protection systems are required for: Drill floor wellhead or turret areas processing areas well test area crude oil and gas manifolds or piping on deck glycol regeneration plant areas containing equipment or piping through which hydrocarbon fluids is flowed for the purpose of production, export or offloading and storage areas of storage of cylinders with compressed gas (oxygen, acetylene, etc.).
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More details on the installation requirements for the fixed water systems and specific requirements for deluge, sprinkler and monitors are given in D301, Ch.2, Sec.2 and 3 as follows:
Table 3-1 Description Production and processing areas Drilling areas Storage of gas cylinders Deluge systems Sprinkler systems Monitors Reference in D301, Ch.2, Sec.2 Sec.2, B100 Sec.2, B200 Sec.2, C100 Sec.3, B400 Sec.3, B500 Sec.3. B700

3.3 Fire detectors


When it is intended that a particular section or detector shall be temporarily switched off, this state shall be clearly indicated. Reactivation of the section or detector shall be performed automatically after a pre-set time.

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PART 5 CERTIFICATION

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CHAPTER 1 PROCEDURES
Section 1. Introduction
The scope of classification requires that specified materials, components and systems intended for the vessel are certified according to the rules. The objective of certification shall ensure that materials, components and systems used in vessels to be classed by the Society comply with the rule requirements. This chapter describes the different types of certification and the involvement of class. The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Overview of references Reference Title DNV-OS-A101 Safety Principles and Arrangements DNV-OS-D101 Marine and Machinery Systems and Equipment DNV-OS-D201 Electrical Installations DNV-OS-D202 Automation, Safety, and Telecommunication Systems DNV-OS-D301 Fire protection

Section 2. Certification Types


Certification of materials, components and systems will be documented by the following types of documents: 1) DNV Product Certificate (NV): A document signed by a surveyor of the Society stating: conformity with rule requirements that tests are carried out on the certified product itself that tests are made on samples taken from the certified product itself that tests are performed in presence of the surveyor or in accordance with special agreements.

2) Works Certificate (W) A document signed by the manufacturer stating: conformity with rule requirements that tests are carried out on the certified product itself that tests are made on samples taken from the certified product itself that tests are witnessed and signed by a qualified department of the manufacturers.

3) Test Report (TR) A document signed by the manufacturer stating: conformity with rule requirements that tests are carried out on samples from the current production. The applicable chapters and sections of the rules specify which of the above mentioned documents are required, how the products should be marked and which technical standards and requirements apply. More details are given in Chapter 2 of this part.

Section 3. Class Involvement


To ensure an efficient, cost effective and correct certification process, a certification agreement shall normally be established between the Society and the manufacturer of NV certified products. Such agreement may be part of a manufacturing survey arrangement (MSA) and shall include information on the procedures for plan approval and survey and to specify information that shall be transferred between the customer and the Society. A more detailed description plan approval, type approval, survey and MSA are given in OSS-101, Ch.1, Sec.6 B. Marine and machinery systems and equipment will be certified or classified based on the following main activities: design verification equipment certification survey during construction and installation, and survey during commissioning and start-up
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CHAPTER 2 MACHINERY AND SYSTEM CERTIFICATION


Section 1. General
This chapter gives an overview of the certification requirements for machinery and systems.

Section 2. Principles
Equipment shall be certified consistent with its functions and importance for safety. Equipment for nonessential systems does not need to be certified but is to be delivered with documentation as for equipment Cat. II. Equipment referred to in this standard will be categorized as follows: Category I equipment related to safety for which a DNV certificate is required. Category II equipment related to safety for which a works certificate prepared by the manufacturer is accepted.
Table 2-1 Scope Cat 1A D S2 R2 Cat 1B D S1 R2 Cat 1C S1 R2 Cat 2A R2 Cat 2B R1 TR

Certificate / NV NV NV W Document D: Design review S1: Witness of final testing of completed product S2: Survey during construction and witness of final testing of completed product R1: Review of manufacturers documentation (typical for product) R2: Review of manufacturers documentation (specific to product)

The extent of required survey by DNV is to be decided on the basis of manufacturer's QA/QC system, manufacturing survey arrangement (MSA) with DNV and type of fabrication methods.
Guidance note: It should be noted that the scopes defined for category IA and IB are typical and adjustments may be required based on considerations such as: - standard type approved products / MSA agreement - complexity and size of a delivery - previous experience with equipment type - maturity and effectiveness of manufacturer's quality assurance system - degree of subcontracting.
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Equipment of category II is normally accepted on the basis of a works certificate prepared by the manufacturer. The certificate shall contain the following data as a minimum: 1) equipment specification or data sheet 2) limitations with respect to operation of equipment 3) statement (affidavit) from the manufacturer to confirm that the equipment has been constructed, manufactured and tested according to the recognized methods, codes and standards. Test report to be included in work certificates for diesel engines. 4) A test repost (TR) may be issued based on testing carried out on samples from the current production of equal products.
Guidance note: Independent test certificate or report for the equipment or approval certificate for manufacturing system may also be accepted.
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Section 3. Machinery Systems and Equipment


Piping and piping components are to be delivered with material certification in accordance with Table 3-1.
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Where the requirement calls for witness by 3rd party (Certificate Type 3.2) this shall be carried out by DNV.
Table 3-1 Component Material Class of Nominal piping diameter system (mm) I > 50 II, III > 50 I, II, III 50 Design temperature (C) Type of documentation 3.2 certificate 3.1 certificate 2.2 report x x x > 400 400 > 400 > 400 400 400 x x x x x x x x x x x

Pipes

1)

Flanges and bolts Bodies of valves and fittings 1), source materials of steel expansion bellows, other pressure containing components not considered as pressure vessels Steel Steel or nodular cast iron Cast iron Copper alloys I I, II III III I, II > 50 50 > 100 100 > 100 100

III I x Pump housings II, III x 2.2 Test report: Confirmation by the manufacturer that the supplied products fulfill the purchase specification, and test data from regular production, not necessarily from products supplied 2.2 3.1 Inspection certificate (Works Certificate): Test results of all specified tests from samples taken from the products supplied. Inspection and tests witnessed and signed by QA department 3.1 3.2 Inspection certificate (Test Certificate): As work certificate, inspection and tests witnessed and signed by QA department and an independent third party body 1) Pipes and bodies of valves fitted on unit or installation's side and bottom and bodies of valves fitted on collision bulkhead shall be provided with documentation as required for class I piping systems. (Valves to hydraulic pressure tested in the presence of a DNV Surveyor)

3.1 Miscellaneous mechanical components


Certification requirement for miscellaneous machinery mechanical components are given in the table below.
Table 3-2 Item Certification category Jacking machinery 1A Boiler 1A Condenser 2A Boiler heat exchanger 1A Pumps for boiler 1C Boiler PSV 1C Boiler spark arrestor 2B Winches 1A Hydraulic Cylinders pD > 20000 1) 1A Hydraulic Cylinders pD 20000 2A 2) Compressor Hydraulic cylinders for cleating and manoeuvring of watertight doors and hatches shall be delivered with certificate of category 1A regardless of pressure and size. Cleating cylinders where the locking mechanism is placed inside the cylinder are to be type approved. Compressors to be certified in accordance with Ship Rules Pt.4 Ch.5 Sec.4. p = design pressure (bar) D = internal diameter of cylinder tube (mm)

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3.2 Pressure vessels


Certification requirement for pressure vessels are given in the table below.
Table 3-3 Property 20000 -------------1 < P -------- D i + 1000 20000 ------------------P > --D i + 1000 X Conditions Category I 2) II X

Pressure

Vacuum or external pressure X Steam X Toxic fluid X Thermal oil X Liquids with flash point below 100C X Medium Flammable fluids with T > 150C X Other fluids with T > 220C X Compressed air/gas PV 1.5 X X y 345 MPa (50000 psi) or t 515 MPa (75000 psi) Material Where impact testing is required. X Free standing structural storage tanks will be specially considered based on stored medium, volume and height. These may be designed according to the requirements of DNV-OS-C101. Normally category IA, however, limited class survey may be agreed upon with DNV based on manufacturer's QA/QC system, manufacturing survey arrangement (MSA) and fabrication methods. P Di V T = = = = = = internal design pressure in bar inside diameter in mm volume in m3 design temperature specified yield strength specified ultimate tensile strength

y t

3.3 Main power, emergency power, fire water pumps


Certification requirements for main power, emergency power and fire water pumps is given in the table below.
Table 3-4 Component Category Engines for main power, emergency power and auxiliary power 1A The individual components within the equipment train and other auxiliary systems are to be certified as required elsewhere in the rules, e.g. HVAC, and fire protection.

Requirements for certification and testing are described in DNV Ship Rules, Pt.4, Ch.3, Sec.1 as detailed in the table below.
Table 3-5 Description Certification of parts Testing and inspection of parts Inspection during assembly Workshop Testing Shipboard Testing Reference in DNV Ship Rules, Pt.4, Ch.3, Sec.1 Sec.1, C200 Sec.1, C300 Sec.1, C400 Sec.1 D Sec.1 I

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3.4 Components in marine piping systems


Certification requirements for components in marine piping system is given in the table below.
Table 3-6 Item Piping system items for main and emergency power Fuel oil transfer pump Lube oil pump Cooling system pump unit Lube oil heat exchanger Fuel oil heat exchanger Valves Valves for sea inlet or discharge with DN >100 mm Valves with DN >100 mm and p>16 bar Non-standard valves Compressed air systems Starting air compressors Pressure relief valves Ballast system Ballast pumps Ballast control system Bilge and drain system Bilge control system Bilge pumps Bilge ejectors Strainers Strums and rose boxes Air and sounding systems Air vent heads Tank level indicators Sounding control panel Striking plates Sounding rods Leak detection system Hydraulic control of safety critical valves etc. Hydraulic control panel Pumps in hydraulic control system Hydraulic power pack Accumulators (pV > 150 kNm) Accumulators (others) Tanks for hydraulic fluid Certification category 1C 1C 1C 1C 1C 1C 1C 1B 1C 2A 1C 1A 2A 1C 2A 2B 2B 1B 2A 1B 2B 2B 2B 1B 1C 2A 1B 2A 2B

Section 4. Electrical Installations


4.1 Required certificates
Electrical equipment serving essential or important functions and cables shall be delivered with certificates as required by Table 4-1. Additional requirements to certification may be given by other relevant parts of the DNV offshore standards. Equipment covered by a valid type approval certificate is generally accepted without further design verification, unless otherwise stated in the certificate. A reference to the type approval certificate shall substitute the required documentation for DNV design assessment. A product certificate may be issued based on the type approval certificate and a product survey, unless otherwise stated in the type approval certificate.

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Table 4-1 Equipment Main and emergency switchboards Distribution switchboards, motor starters, motor control centres, etc. Rating all ratings 100 kW/kVA 10 kW/kVA and < 100 kW/kVA 300 kVA 100 kVA and < 300 kVA 1) 10 kVA and < 100 kVA 300 kW 100 kW and < 300 kW 1) 10 kW and < 100 kW 100 kW 10 kW and < 100 kW 50 kVA < 50 kVA all ratings all ratings DNV certificate (NV) X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Works certificate (W) DNV type approval cert. (TA)

Generators and transformers

Motors 4)

Semiconductor assemblies for motor drives Semiconductor assemblies for UPSs or battery chargers Cables 1), 2) Electrical equipment installed in hazardous areas 3)
1) 2) 3)

As an alternative to the acceptance based on a type approval certificate (TA) and a works certificate (W), the electrical equipment will also be accepted on the basis of a DNV product certificate (NV). All cables except cables for internal use in electrical assemblies or short lengths on mechanical packages. All electrical installations in hazardous areas, and areas that may be become hazardous by accidental release of explosive gas, are to comply with the requirements for certification and documentation given in Ch.2 Sec.11 B.

Note: Heat exchangers used in conjunction with certified electrical equipment, shall be certified as required for pressure vessels, see DNV-OS-D101.

Electrical equipment required to be delivered with DNV Product Certificate shall be documented as described in the table below. For equipment covered by a valid DNV type approval certificate, this certificate may specify exceptions to document approval.

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Table 4-2 Documentation requirements Object Cables Electric propulsion motors Shaft generators Documentation type Additional description For approval (AP) or For information (FI) AP AP AP FI AP FI FI AP FI FI AP FI AP FI FI AP AP AP FI FI AP FI AP AP AP AP AP E110 - Cable data sheet and For cables not having a DNV design drawing type approval. Shafting for electric Shafting documentation as propulsion motors in required in Ch.4 Sec.1 A200 mechanical propulsion line. Shafting for electric Shafting documentation as generators in mechanical required in Ch.4 Sec.1 A200 propulsion line. E120 - Electrical data sheet, general E140 - Assembly schedules and technical data designed sub-transient E150 - Strength calculation When short circuit with respect to short circuit 50 kA r.m.s. strength exceeds

Main and emergency switchboards

E160 - Internal arc High voltage switchboards withstanding report only. E170 - Electrical schematic drawing E180 - Layout of electrical assembly E240 - Functional description for electrical assemblies E120 - Electrical data sheet, general E130 - Electrical data sheet, semiconductor assemblies E140 - Assembly schedules and technical data Semi-conductor assemblies E180 - Layout of electrical assembly E240 - Functional description for electrical assemblies Z120 - Test procedure at manufacturer E120 - Electrical data sheet, general E140 - Assembly schedules and technical data designed sub-transient E150 - Strength calculation When short circuit strength exceeds Distribution switchboards, with respect to short circuit 50 kA r.m.s. motor starters, motor control centres, harmonic filters etc. E160 - Internal arc High voltage switchboards withstanding report only. E170 - Electrical schematic drawing E180 - Layout of electrical assembly I020 - Control system functional description I030 - Block diagram Systems for automatic start and I050 - Power supply stop of generator drivers and arrangement for automatic operation of I080 - Data sheet with breakers. environmental specifications Z120 - Test procedure at manufacturer DET NORSKE VERITAS AS

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.5 Ch.2 Sec.5. Automation and Control System Page 88

Section 5. Automation and Control System


5.1 General
Safety and important systems based on computers shall be provided with a DNV product certificate. For DNV type approved systems, additional testing is only required for the application software programming and function, unless further testing is required in the type approval certificates. The certification procedure normally consists of: 1) Document evaluation review of documentation listed in Sec.1 B for the appropriate system. 2) Manufacturing survey (MS) survey of hardware and software 3) Test of project specific application software 4) issue of a DNV product certificate.
Guidance note: Type approval of systems includes hardware, operating system software, standard software modules and standard function blocks. If new software modules or function blocks are made, testing will be required. Application software is project specific and shall be tested before the certificate can be issued.
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The certification requirement of the various instrumented systems shall follow the same certification requirement as the system they control. Integrated control and safety system shall always be certified.
Guidance note: For equipment, where failure in the automation and safety functions may lead to major incidents, the automation and safety system shall be certified, e.g. burner control for auxiliary boilers.
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Section 6. Fire Protection


Categorization of safety critical equipment is given in the table below. Equipment that is considered important for safety, which is not listed, shall be categorized after special consideration.
Table 6-1 Component Fire dampers, penetrations 2 Fire water pumps incl. drivers 3 Components in fire extinguishing system 1 Fire hose Hose reels and associated equipment Nozzles Monitors Fixed fire fighting installations, ref. App. A 2 IA X X X X X X IB Category II Type Approved X

Other fire-fighting installations, e.g. deluge, powder or systems X not covered by IMO 4 Insulation materials in fire resisting divisions2 X Fire rated doors 2 X Fire rated windows 2 X Fire and gas detectors 2 X Wheeled and portable extinguishing system X Fire extinguishing media X 1 To follow requirements as given in DNV-OS-D101 and/or type approval certificate 2 Shall be type approved 3 Fire water pump (directly driven) is considered Cat. IB. Fire water lift pump (not directly driven) of proven design may be accepted by conformation of material, witness of testing and review of fabrication documentation. 4 Normally function test to be carried out at yard DET NORSKE VERITAS AS

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.5 Ch.2 Sec.7. Watertight/ Weathertight Integrity Page 89

Section 7. Watertight/ Weathertight Integrity


Certification requirements for components related to water- and weathertight integrity as given in DNV-OSC301, Ch.3, Sec.1, C200 are listed in the table below.
Table 7-1 Component Watertight doors and hatch covers Weathertight doors and hatch covers1) Side scuttles and windows Automatic closing devices for air pipes Valves for sea inlet or discharge Hydraulic system for watertight closing appliances Accumulator, hand pumps Control and monitoring systems for watertight closing appliances
1) In addition to the Work Certificate a design approval performed by DNV is required.

Category IA IB x

II x x

x x x x x

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PART 6 NEWBUILDING SURVEY

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Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.6 Ch.1 Sec.1. Overview Page 91

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
Section 1. Overview
This part gives an overview of the class requirements as relevant for the building site.

Section 2. Structure
After the principles given in this chapter, chapter 2 continues with the required survey planning defining the class involvement on site in the remaining of the new building process. Chapter 3 thereafter describes class requirements regarding fabrication and testing of the structure. Chapter 4 continuous with a detailed description of the class related work process during mechanical completion, testing and commissioning. Chapter 5 concludes with an overview of the deliverables from class after commissioning of the unit. The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 2-1 Overview of references Reference Title DNV-OSS-101 Rules for Classification of Offshore Drilling and Support Units DNV-OS-A101 Safety Principles and Arrangements DNV-OS-C301 Stability and Watertight Integrity DNV-OS-D101 Marine and Machinery Systems and Equipment DNV-OS-D201 Electrical Installations DNV-OS-D202 Automation, Safety, and Telecommunication Systems DNV-OS-D301 Fire safety DNV-RP-A204 Quality Survey Plan (QSP) for Offshore Class New-building Surveys DNV-RP-A205 Offshore Classification Projects - Testing and Commissioning

Section 3. Principles
Basis principles for the involvement of class during new building are given in OSS-101, Ch.1, Sec.4 A
Table 3-1 Description Requirements for builder or designer Applicable rules Plan approval Survey during constructions Installation of systems and equipment Testing and commissioning Reference in OSS-101, Ch.1, Sec.4 Sec.4, A200 Sec.4, A300 Sec.4, A400 Sec.4, A500, see Ch.2 regarding planning Sec.4, A600, see Ch.4 Sec.4, A700, see Ch.4

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CHAPTER 2 SURVEY PLANNING


Section 1. Objective
The objectives of survey planning is to: 1) ascertain various activities that are necessary for the Classification of a unit 2) to identify Customers, DNVs and various standards and procedures that are applicable to those activities 3) to define the extent of involvement by the Customer and DNV.

Section 2. Scope
This section applies to the offshore construction activities at any of the following: 1) Customers construction facilities 2) Subcontractors at the Customers construction facilities 3) Subcontractors at their own facilities or at other remote locations. It does not cover the certification of equipment and materials.

Section 3. Quality Survey Plan


The objectives as listed above are met by the definition and further processing of a so called Quality Survey Plan (QSP). This QSP is defined after a review of the construction facility, and is further discussed and agreed during a new-building survey planning-kick off meeting. These phases are discussed in more detail in the remaining of this section.

3.1 Review of the construction facility


DNV is to familiarize itself with the Customers production facilities, management processes, and safety procedures for consideration in determining the contents and application of Table 5-1. This familiarization shall take place prior to starting any fabrication or construction. Such familiarization will take place under the following circumstances: 1) Where DNV has no recent experience at the construction facility (typically after a lapse of one year) or when a significant new infrastructure to the facility has been added 2) Where there has been a significant management or personnel restructuring, having an impact on the ship or offshore construction processes or, 3) Where the builder contracts to construct a vessel of a different type or substantially different in design. In order to assess compliance with specified Rules, Standards and Regulations, the Society may require additional documentation and carry out an assessment of yards processes, systems, and personnel related to the classification projects. The results of the assessment should be used as a basis to decide on the extent of the involvement of surveyors of the Society. The extent of the Classifications Societys involvement for the site survey activities shall be clearly documented in a so called Quality Survey Plan (QSP). A draft format for such a plan is given in DNV-RP-C204, Table 5-1. Where DNV has no recent experience with new building activities at the builders construction facility or its subcontractors and/or when significant new infrastructure has been added, DNV may initiate an MPQA and evaluate the Customers QA/QC-performance and set the initial survey scope on basis of the MPQA rating methodology.

3.2 Kick-off meeting


Prior to commencement of any new building project, the Customer and DNV are to discuss at a kick-off meeting the survey activity items listed as documented during the review of the facility (see above). The purpose is to agree how the list of specific activities shown in the Table is sufficiently comprehensive, to be adjusted, if necessary and to be addressed. A record of the meeting is to be made, based upon the contents of the Table, (the table can be used as the record with comments made inserted in the appropriate column). The Customer may be asked to agree to undertake ad hoc investigations during construction where areas of concern arise. DNV is to be kept informed of the progress of any investigation. Whenever an investigation is undertaken and, if warranted by the severity of the problem, the Customer should suspend relevant construction activities until counteractive measures are satisfactorily implemented, reviewed and accepted by the Society.

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3.2.1 Quality standards Construction quality standards for the hull structure, piping, electrical, HVAC and other disciplines during new building project are to be properly listed in this document, reviewed and agreed during the kick-off meeting.

3.3 Survey extent


It shall be underscored that the QSP table is not exhaustive, and in cases where the QSP is incomplete and/or not necessarily covering all survey aspects, it shall be the prerogative of DNV to require such activities/items added. The QSP only covers survey activities and does not cover the technical interpretations of the statutory requirements or approval of plans, designs and manuals required by the Regulations. It should be noted that the level of DNV involvement indicated on the QSP takes account of the activities of others, and DNV reserves the right to adjust its level of involvement if reduced involvement by others is experienced or if the requisite quality is not achieved.

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CHAPTER 3 FABRICATION OF STRUCTURES


Section 1. Principles
The principles of fabrication of structures are described in DNV-OS-C401 and are further detailed in the remaining of this chapter.

Section 2. Technical Provisions


Technical provisions regarding the fabrication of structures are described in DNV-OS-C401, Ch.2 as detailed below.
Table 2-1 Description Welding Procedures and Qualification of Welders Fabrication and Tolerances Non-Destructive Testing Other Tests Corrosion Protection Systems Bolts Mechanical fastening Reference in OS-C401, Ch.2 Ch.2, Sec.1 Ch.2, Sec.2 Ch.2, Sec.3 Ch.2, Sec.4 Ch.2, Sec.5 Ch.2, Sec.6 B Ch.2, Sec.6 C

Section 3. Certification and Classification


Welding of special, primary and secondary structures for hull, welding of superstructure, and equipment shall be carried out by certified approved welders, with approved welding consumables and at contractors recognised by DNV. Detailed requirements are given in DNV-OS-C401, Ch.3 as detailed below.
Table 3-1 Description Contractors Welding consumables Welding procedures and qualification of welders Corrosion protection systems Non-destructive testing Reference in OS-C401, Ch.3 Ch.2, Sec.3, B300 Ch.2, Sec.3, B400 Ch.2, Sec.3, B500 Ch.2, Sec.3, B600 Ch.2, Sec.3, B700

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CHAPTER 4 COMMISSIONING PROCESS


Section 1. Introduction
This chapter provides an overview of the total commissioning process of a self-elevating units and the involvement of class in this process.

Section 2. Principles
Where specified by the rules, testing shall be carried out in the presence of a surveyor, and related requirements for test programmes shall be observed. A test programme for harbour and jack-up trials shall be prepared by the customer and accepted by the Society. The programme shall specify systems and components to be tested, and the testing procedure. The Society may, in order to verify rule compliance, request additional tests and/or data to be recorded. Procedures for pre-commissioning, testing and commissioning for all the systems onboard that are covered by the scope of classification shall be prepared by the customer and accepted by the Society. The tests shall give evidence as to satisfactory operation and performance in accordance with the rules. When testing control and safety systems, failure modes shall be simulated as realistically as possible. The extent of participation in the mechanical completion and commission activities by the Society shall be clearly identified in the Quality Survey Plan (QSP) submitted by the customer and accepted by the Society. The extent of participation is limited to ensure compliance with the requirement of Classification Rules and applicable statutory requirements. Final acceptance of commissioning is the owners responsibility.

Section 3. Process
The total commissioning process is described in DNV-RP-A205
Table 3-1 Description Detailed design Mechanical Completion Commissioning Integration testing Marine sea trial Delivery Hook up Operation Reference in RP-A205 Ch.2.1 Ch.2.2 Ch.3.1 Ch.3.2 Ch.3.3 Ch.3.4 Ch.3.5 Ch.3.6

Section 4. Survey Scope Categories


The survey scope during testing and commissioning defining DNVs involvement shall be categorized as follows: Survey Category 1 - Statutory and Essential Systems for Safety (normally increased attendance by DNV). Survey Category 2 - Main Systems / Functionally Important (For Main and Additional Class Notations extent is based on the yards experience and the effectiveness of Yards QA/QC system). Survey Category 3 Normally limited or no attendance required by surveyor. Examples of tables detail the survey categorization of Marine Systems and drilling systems are given in Appendix C3 of DNV-RP-A205.

Section 5. Test Requirements related to Marine, Utility and Safety Systems


Detailed test requirements for marine, utility and safety systems are given in the different Chapter 3 of DNVOS-D101, -D201, -D202 and D301. An overview of these is given in DNV-RP-A205 Appendix F as listed in

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the table below.


Table 5-1 Description Stability and Watertight Integrity Fabrication and Testing of Offshore Structures Marine and Machinery Systems and Equipment Electrical Installations Instrumentation and Telecommunication Systems Fire Protection Systems Reference in RP-A205 Appendix F.1 Appendix F.2 Appendix F.3 Appendix F.4 Appendix F.5 Appendix F.6

Section 6. Jacking Trials


In addition to the above a jacking trial shall performed according to an approved jacking trial plan and as covered by the QSP. The trial shall cover the correct functioning of the jacking machinery and other relevant items.

6.1 Jacking machinery


The jacking machinery shall be tested with the highest specified design lifting load. The duration shall at least reflect one operating cycle from transit condition to the top of the legs and down again. The jacking trial shall verify the alignment of the racks and pinions and guides. The following systems are to be tested: Jacking brake arrangement Alarm and monitoring arrangement for the jacking machinery, supporting equipment and unit safety during jacking Fail safe arrangement of the jacking machinery and any interlock safety arrangement Essential systems and equipment used for normal jacking operations. After trials, the structure including leg footing connection, guides, jack houses, jacking gear arrangement to be surveyed to the satisfaction of the surveyor.

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Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.6 Ch.5 Sec.1. Class Certificate Page 97

CHAPTER 5 DELIVERABLES
Section 1. Class Certificate
When DNV is satisfied that the requirements specified for the unit in question have been met, the appropriate class notation will be assigned and confirmed by the issuance of a classification certificate. Provided the requirements for retention of class are complied with, the certificate will normally have a validity of five years.

Section 2. Conditions of Class


Class may be assigned with Conditions of Class. These conditions may apply for equipment subject to class approval not readily commissioned in accordance with approved testing and commissioning procedures. The outstanding testing and commission procedures should be minor of nature. Conditions of Class do not apply for critical systems e.g., fire fighting/detection, life-saving appliances and navigational aids. If these are not commissioned, Class and Statutory Certificates are typically not issued.

Section 3. Appendix to Class Certificate


An Appendix to the Class Certificate will be issued stating assumptions for the assignment of class and restrictions regarding the use of the vessel which were established or assumed at the time of assignment of class. The Appendix to classification certificate shall be on board all vessels built to DNV's class. The appendix contains information on: 1) class notations and register information 2) general and special assumptions related to the particular ship, which may include reference to operational instructions.

Section 4. Additional Declarations


Upon request, declarations confirming compliance with the rules may be issued for hull, machinery or specific class notations provided the Society's main class has been assigned.

Section 5. Statutory Certificates


The Society undertakes statutory certification on behalf of flag administrations when and to the extent the Society has been authorized to do so by the individual flag administration. Statutory certification includes inter alia approval, survey and the issuance of statutory certificates. When the Society acts on behalf of a flag administration, the Society follows international statutory instruments, IACS Unified Interpretations and DNV Statutory Interpretations, and generally follows guidance issued by IMO in Circulars etc. unless the flag administration has instructed the Society otherwise. It is assumed by the Society that required statutory surveys for vessels classed by the Society will be carried out by the Society or by officers of the flag administration itself and that statutory certificates will be issued by the Society or by the flag administration with the exceptions mentioned in the paragraphs below. The Society assumes the right to withdraw class if statutory certificates are not issued as described in this paragraph. The Society may accept that Safety Management Certificates (ISM Code) are issued by a third party that has been authorized by the flag administration and complies with IMO Resolution A.739(18) and A.789(19). The Society may accept that International Ship Security Certificates (ISPS Code) are issued by a third party that has been authorized by the flag administration and complies with MSC/Circ.1074. The Society may accept that Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificates (SOLAS) are issued by a third party that has been authorized by the flag administration. For a dually classed vessel, where the Society has not been authorized by the flag administration to issue statutory certificates, the Society may accept that such certificates are issued by the dual class society provided the other class society is authorized by the flag administration.
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PART 7 CLASSIFICATION IN OPERATION

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Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.7 Ch.1 Sec.1. Introduction Page 99

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
Section 1. Introduction
This part gives an overview of the survey and inspection of class during the operational phase, focusing on the specific aspects affecting the safety and reliability of a self-elevating unit in operation. The table below lists references required for a complete understanding of this chapter.
Table 1-1 Reference DNV-OSS-101 DNV-OS-C101 DNV-OS-C104 DNV-OS-C201 DNV-RP-C203 DNV-RP-C301 DNV-RP-C302 Title Rules for Classification of Offshore Drilling and Support Units Design of Offshore Steel Structures. General (LRFD method) Structural Design of Self-elevating Units (LRFD method) Structural Design of Offshore Units (WSD method) Fatigue Design of Offshore Steel Structures Bonded Patch Repairs Risk based Corrosion Management

Section 2. Objective
The objective of the classification in operation is to confirm that the vessel, machinery installations and equipment are maintained at a standard complying with the requirements of the rules and by that has an adequate level of safety and quality.

Section 3. Scope
The technical scope of the class in operation follows the scope as discussed in Pt.1, Sec.2.1. Additional details describing the scope of involvement of class in operation are given in Section 2.1 of this Part. Inspections for statutory certification are only performed if DNV is authorized to act on the behalf of the National Authorities on their behalf. This part does not include inspection details for these statutory surveys.

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CHAPTER 2 GENERAL PROVISIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR SURVEYS


Section 1. Conditions for Retention of Class
The general conditions for the retention of class are given in OSS-101, Ch.1, Sec.5.
Table 1-1 Description General requirements The customers obligations Class society involvement Endorsement and renewal of Class Suspension and withdrawal of Class Change of Owner or Manager Fore Majeure Reference in OSS-101, Ch.1, Sec.5 Sec.5, A100 Sec.5, A200 Sec.5 B, see Section 2 below for further details Sec.5 C Sec.5 D Sec.5 E Sec.5 F

Section 2. Class Involvement


The involvement of class in operation is detailed in OSS-101, Ch.1, Sec.5 B.
Table 2-1 Description Applicable rules Surveys Conditions and Memoranda Survey reports and survey status Damage and repairs Conversion and alterations Temporary equipment Reference in OSS-101, Ch.1, Sec.5 Sec.5, B100 Sec.5, B200 Sec.5, B300 Sec.5, B400 Sec.5, B500, see below Sec.5, B600, see below Sec.5, B700, see below

2.1 Damage and repairs


Excursions from the units design envelop, e.g. punch through or rack phase difference, shall be reported. Repairs to the hull structure, machinery, systems or equipment covered by the rules shall be carried out by qualified personnel and in compliance with applicable rules, with good engineering practice and under the supervision of a surveyor. Repairs as may be carried out without the attendance of a surveyor (e.g. during voyage) provided a repair plan is accepted by the Society in advance. A surveyor shall be called for acceptance of such repairs when completed.

2.2 Temporary equipment


The Society shall be informed before the installation of temporary equipment as defined in Sec.1, B200. Temporary equipment covered by class scope shall be approved and certified in line with normal class procedures as described in the previous parts. For temporary equipment outside class scope, it shall be confirmed that placement of this equipment on board does not negatively affect the safety of the unit.
Guidance note: For the consideration, the following is typically to be considered: - escape ways shall not been blocked - fire and gas system covers the temporary equipment - equipment is covered by the ESD logic - equipments load is within deck load limits - definition of hazardous areas takes into account the temp. equipment - interface to other systems covered by main class does not negatively affect their availability.
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Section 3. Special Provisions for Ageing Units


To be able to assess the safety and availability of ageing units, the effects of fatigue shall be taken into account. Ageing units in this respect are defined as units with nominal age equal to or higher than documented fatigue life, 20 years if there is no documentation available. A fatigue utilisation index (FUI) may be calculated. The FUI is defined as the ratio between the effective operational time and the documented fatigue life.

3.1 Calculation of fatigue life


Calculation of effective operational time shall be based on recorded operations history. For the purpose of calculating the FUI, the following may be assumed: contribution from operation in harsh environment, e.g. North Sea, North Atlantic and Canada, equals actual operating time in such environment contribution from operation in other environments equals one third (1/3) of actual operating time in such environments periods of lay-up and yard stay may be disregarded contribution from transit operation. Owner shall submit FUI or historical data allowing for calculation of FUI as part of the planning process prior to renewal survey when the nominal age exceeds the documented fatigue life. The FUIs may be calculated separately and in detail for various parts of the unit such as: leg nodes spud cans jack house deck structure.

The calculations may reflect the various degrees of bottom restraints and loading pattern resulting from the deck being fixed at various levels during the operations history of the unit.
Guidance note: Based on the above calculation a condition based approach can be applied for the inspection planning. The condition based inspection planning can be based on a high level, refined, fatigue analysis as proposed in DNV-RPC203.
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3.2 Follow up
Operation of the unit may continue when the FUI exceeds 1.0 provided the required safety level of the vessel is maintained. If no fatigue cracks have been found in a vessel prior to the FUI reaching 1.0, or if any findings have been evaluated to have insignificant influence on the fatigue capacity, no special provisions will be required until such cracks are detected. For a vessel with FUI > 1.0 and where cracks have been detected in fatigue sensitive areas, the required safety level is in general considered satisfied either by increasing the inspection frequency or by performing a condition based assessment for the vessel. The method and procedure applied for the assessment will be reflected in the acceptance of the future inspection program. A guide for condition based inspection planning is given below.
Guidance note: A condition based inspection planning is performed by judging the vessel based on the actual condition rather than on age in order to maintain the required safety level. In this context a scope implementing all or parts of the following procedure can/should be performed: - Apply the results from a fatigue analysis. The detail level of the analysis will influence the results. Higher detail level reduces the uncertainties and increases the confidence in the results and hence reduces the inspection frequency. - Mapping of critical connections w.r.t. fatigue capacity, i.e. ranking of fatigue sensitive details. - Identify details to be modified/upgraded w.r.t. fatigue strength. - Determine required safety level - dependent on consequence and access for inspection. - Apply the fatigue results in a risk based analysis (RBI) including historical data from inspections/findings and inspection quality for preparing the inspection program. - Evaluate the result from inspections (findings) and/or analysis and perform modifications/improvements ensuring that the associated risks are adequately controlled. - Perform a continuous updating of the inspection plan based on inspection results. The inspection plan obtained from a condition based approach is highly dependent on the method and procedure applied; including the confidence level of the parameters considered. Less confidence increases the probability of DET NORSKE VERITAS AS

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failure (PoF) and hence the inspection frequency will increase.


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The Society will issue a MO (Memo to Owner) stating the FUI and agreed compensating measures prior to the renewal survey for the 5-year period in which the FUI exceeds 1.0. The special provisions for maintaining required safety level focus on the fatigue and corrosion properties of the hull and supporting structure. Degradation mechanisms due to ageing effects related to other aspects such as marine systems must also be given due consideration by owner through maintenance, and by DNV surveyors through regular surveys. Associated plans and procedures, i.e. condition based inspection plans applying risk based approach, shall be approved by the Society. The scope of the improvement program will depend on the initial assessment and owner's plans for further use of the unit. Units which have undergone an assessment and improvement program as outlined above to the Society's satisfaction, will be surveyed based on the modified inspection program.

3.3 Additional inspections


The inspections in this section applies only if: when the FUI exceeds 1.0 (if calculated) and/or fatigue deficiencies have been found in fatigue prone and a condition based approach as discussed in section 3.2 is not considered Systematic thickness measurements shall be performed at renewal surveys as specified in Sec.4 D207. Owner shall submit a program for such measurements for approval prior to the renewal survey. Owner shall document that the corrosion protection of the unit's hull is adequate and in line with conditions assumed in original design. The corrosion protection system is to be specially surveyed. The NDE inspection scope as planned for the renewal survey - 5 year interval - is to be performed at intermediate survey- 2 year interval. The areas subjected for NDE shall be selected with focus on probability of cracking and consequence of possible failures. As a guide the following areas should be considered: leg connection to spudcan leg nodes in the bay above the spudcan leg nodes located above jack house in transport condition leg nodes located below jack house in operation condition essential connections within jack house.

The scope for survey of jacking gears as outlined in Ch.4, Sec.3.3.1 shall increase to 20% of jacking gear units but not less than two units per leg.

Section 4. Alternative Survey Arrangements


Alternative survey arrangements may be accepted as an option to applicable periodical surveys for main class.
Table 4-1 Name Machinery continuous Machinery PMS. Machinery CM PMS RCM Offshore CM Description Survey arrangement based on surveys of the machinery items a survey arrangement based on a planned maintenance system Survey arrangement that can include selected parts of the machinery, and is not covering the complete machinery installation onboard Survey arrangement based on review of the company management, the RCM analysis and the implemented maintenance system. Condition Monitoring Reference in OSS-101, Ch.3 Sec.7 C Sec.7 D Sec.7 E Sec.7 G Sec.7 H

Section 5. Surveys Performed by Approved Companies


Parts of the periodical surveys may be carried out by companies approved by DNV. The Survey parts performed by such companies are listed in the table below.
Guidance note: Note that parts of the statutory surveys may be performed by approved companies as well. Examples are inspections on Fire extinguishers, Life-boat overhaul and Life-rafts. Class is only involved in these services as long as authorised by flag to perform the statutory surveys on their behalf.
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Table 5-1 Description thickness measurements bottom survey afloat general NDT condition monitoring Reference in OSS-101, Ch.3, Sec.3 Sec.3, B200 Sec.2, B400 Sec.2, B500 Sec.2, B600

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CHAPTER 3 PREPARATION AND PLANNING


Section 1. Preparation
The owner shall provide the necessary facilities for safe execution of surveys. Tanks and spaces shall be safe for access, i.e. gas freed, ventilated, cleaned and illuminated. For overall and close-up examination, means shall be provided to enable the surveyor to examine the structure in a safe and practical way.
Guidance note: However, the ROV can be used for cathodical protection measurements and scour surveys.
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Additional requirements relevant for the execution of the survey are given in OSS-101, Ch.3, Sec.2 as listed in the table below.
Table 1-1 Description Conditions for survey and access to structures Survey extent Repair of structural damage or deterioration Maintenance and preparation for survey Replacement of machinery components Machinery certification Reference in OSS-101, Ch.3, Sec.2 Sec.2, B100 Sec.2, B200 Sec.2, B300 Sec.2, C100 Sec.2, C200 Sec.2. C300

Section 2. Planning
2.1 General
All units shall be subjected to periodical and specific surveys in order to confirm that the hull, machinery, equipment and systems remain in satisfactory condition and in compliance with approval or accepted standards.

2.2 Periodical surveys


Periodical surveys will belong to one of the following categories according to the level of survey requirements: annual survey intermediate survey complete survey. The survey required in conjunction with issuance of a new class certificate is denoted renewal survey. Specific details regarding the definition of the surveys are given in OSS-101, Ch.3, Sec.1 B as listed in the table below.
Table 2-1 Description General Postponement of periodical surveys Survey of units out of commissioning Survey schedules Reference in OSS-101, Ch.3, Sec.1 B B100 B200 B300 C100

The periodical survey covers systems and parts for: structure and equipment1) machinery and safety systems2) temporary equipment as defined in Ch.1 Sec.1 B200.
1) 2) Excluding outside bottom spudcan and underwater part of legs as covered by specific surveys (ref section 2.3) Adjusted depending on the followed alternative survey schemes (ref Ch.2 Table 5-1).

Specific details on the extent are specified in the in-service inspection programme as discussed in Section 2.4 and the following chapters
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The surveys may be performed on location and without interrupting the function of the unit, provided that they

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are based on approved procedures outlined in a maintenance system and survey arrangement.

2.3 Specific surveys


Besides the standard periodical surveys, the following specific surveys are defined: Bottom survey (covering external hull) Spudcan-leg survey (covering spudcans and the underwater areas of legs, together with their connections) Survey after ocean transit The bottom survey and spudcan and leg survey are to both to be taken two times in any five (5) year period, with an interval not exceeding three (3) years between examinations. The execution of each these surveys is mutually independent and may be aligned with the units operations.
Guidance note: It is noted that a bottom survey is easy to perform in operating/ elevated condition, while the spudcan and leg survey is easy to perform during a dry tow.
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Consideration may be given at the discretion of the Society and with acceptance of the flag to any special circumstances justifying an extension of the interval.
Guidance note: An example of such a consideration is the spud can and lower leg partly or completely under the mud line. In such a case the spud can- leg survey may be postponed to the next rig move (ref IACS UR Z15 2.3.3).
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Specific surveys are discussed in detail in Ch.5

2.4 In-service Inspection Program (IIP)


DNV will develop and maintain an In-service Inspection Program (IIP) which will contain the structural items to be surveyed to satisfy the requirements of main class, excluding any additional class notations. The IIP constitutes the formal basis for surveying structural items under main class and shall be completed to the satisfaction of attending surveyor before renewal survey can be credited. The In-service Inspection Program (IIP) is developed on the basis of a general, experience-based scope in combination with design and fabrication particulars for the actual unit as well as experience from in-service surveys of units of similar type. The basic scope for development of IIP for units of self-elevating type is as given in Table 2-2. The extent of examination specified may be modified based on design documentation evaluation, inspection results / crack history and experience with similar units /details and may be refined by use of RBI / RCM methodologies.
Guidance note: At the 1st Annual or intermediate survey after construction, column-stabilised and self-elevating units may be subject to examination of major structural components including non-destructive testing, as deemed necessary by the Society. If the Society deems such survey to be necessary, the extent should be agreed to by the Society and the owner or client prior to commencement of the Survey.
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Guidance note: See RP-C302 Risk Based Corrosion Management for an RBI approach towards corrosion management.
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Table 2-2 Basic scope for development of IIP for self-elevating units
AS INT V NDT Special Areas for Inspection 1) (SP) connections: SP1 Leg to Spudcan including leg nodes below the upper guide in transit 6) SP2 Leg Nodes above upper guide in transit SP3 Connections of primary members in Jack House SP4 Main Barge girder/bulkhead connections Attachments of: SP5 SP6 SP8 SP9 Crane/gangway pedestals and top flange Support of Drill Floor Helideck support Other attachment/support connections
2)

EXT V NDT

TYPE OF SURVEY IS INT EXT V NDT V NDT

RS INT V NDT V EXT NDT

A X A X X A X A A X X

A A

A3) X 3) A

A A

A A

A X X

A A X X

A X X

A A C X

X X X

A A A

A X X

A A A A

A A C X

Primary Areas for Inspection (PR): PR1 PR2 PR3 PR4

Spudcans6) A A A Legs X A A Jack Houses A A A Main Barge (deck structure) girders/ X X A A bulkheads PR5 Drill floor with substructure X X A X A PR6 Crane/gangway pedestal X A A A A A PR7 Lifeboat platforms support A A A PR8 Helideck support structure X X X A A X A PR9 Other support structures X X X X A A A = 100% 5) B = 50% 4) C = 25% 4) X = Spot check 2-5% 4) V = Visual Inspection including Close Visual Inspection of Special Areas. NDT = Non-destructive Testing, normally Magnetic Particle Inspection (MPI) and/or Eddy Current (ET) of selected stress concentrations and fatigue sensitive details. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

X X

X X X

Special Areas for Inspection (SP) are those sections of the structure which are in way of critical load transfer point, stress concentrations, often special steel selection etc. Ref. DNV-OS-C101 Ch.1 Sec.4. See also DNV-OS-C104 Sec.2 D and DNVOS- C201 Sec.4 Primary Areas for Inspection (PR) are elements which are essential to the overall structural integrity of the unit. See also DNV-OS-C104 Sec.2 D and DNV-OS-C201 Sec.4 At levels which have been in way of lower guided in operation, upper guides in transit and in way of spudcans. - of the total number of these parts. Inspection executed as part of the Spudcan & Leg Survey (ref Ch.5, Sec.3)

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CHAPTER 4 PERIODICAL SURVEYS


Section 1. Annual Survey
1.1 Structure and equipment
1.1.1 Hull Internal surfaces in ballast tanks may be subject to survey, including thickness measurements. The permissible reduction in thickness is as given for the renewal survey, see also 3.2. Condition of protective coating is to be reported according to the table below.
Table 1-1 Conditions of protective coating Corrosion protection system Is normally to consist of full hard coating supplemented by anodes or full hard coating. Guidance note: Other coating systems may be considered acceptable as alternatives provided that they are approved by DNV and applied and maintained in compliance with the manufacturer's specification.
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Coating condition GOOD Coating condition FAIR Coating condition POOR

Condition with only minor spot rusting. Condition with local breakdown at edges of stiffeners and weld connections and/or light rusting over 20% or more of areas under consideration, but less than as defined for POOR condition. Condition with general breakdown of coating over 20% or more of areas or hard scale at 10% or more of areas under consideration.

For areas with general breakdown of the protective coating, close-up examination and thickness measurements shall be carried out to an extent sufficient to determine both general and local corrosion levels. 1.1.2 Watertight/ weathertight integrity Items which are important for the reserve buoyancy in connection with stability of the unit shall be surveyed. The survey shall include inspection of external and internal closing appliances, ventilators, air pipes, side scuttles etc., as well as an external inspection of scupper valves and sanitary valves. Remote controls and alarm systems for doors, hatches and watertight dampers shall be surveyed and function tested. Guard rails shall be examined.
Guidance note: For units or installations subjected to annual load line inspections by DNV, the requirements in this sub section are considered covered by this inspection.
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1.1.3 Towing system Accessible and visible parts of the unit's permanent towing arrangement and temporary mooring system shall be inspected 1.1.4 Machinery and safety systems The survey shall include examination of spaces for machinery, boilers and incinerators, and equipment located therein, with particular attention to fire and explosion hazards. As the DNV surveyor deems necessary, running tests and/or opening of machinery, and tests of safety devices and equipment may be required. Boilers shall be externally surveyed. The general condition of the boiler including mountings, piping and insulation shall be ascertained and the surveyor may require opening, removal of insulation etc. if found necessary. Safety valves, instrumentation and automation systems shall be tested in operating condition when found necessary by the surveyor. 1.1.5 Jacking system The brake torques of jacking machinery on self-elevating units shall be checked. Where provided, the fixation rack system shall also be checked. Spot check on oil sample records.
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1.1.6 Hazardous area In hazardous areas the following equipment and systems shall be surveyed or tested: ventilation systems shall be function tested. The tests shall include emergency stop systems and alarms for lost ventilation alarms and shutdown functions for pressurised equipment shall be function tested gas detection equipment shall be function tested electrical equipment shall be visually inspected. Temporary equipment as defined in Ch.1 Sec.1 B200 shall be surveyed. 1.1.7 Drainage, bilge, pre load The bilge and system and related subsystems shall be visually surveyed and tested. 1.1.8 General The Appendix to the classification certificate and the documents referred to therein, shall be verified as kept available onboard the unit. For units granted a survey arrangement based on an approved planned maintenance system (PMS), an annual survey of the PMS is required to prolong the validity of the arrangement. The purpose of this survey is to review and evaluate the previous period's maintenance activities and experience. The annual survey shall consist of the following main elements: a) The maintenance history will be examined in order to verify that the PMS has been operated according to the intentions and that the system is kept up to date. b) Evaluation of the maintenance history for main overhaul jobs on the components covered by the continuous machinery survey (CMS) scheme carried out since last annual survey. c) Details of corrective actions on components in the CMS scheme shall be made available. d) If condition monitoring equipment is in use, function tests of this equipment and verification of the calibration will be carried out as far as practicable and reasonable.

Section 2. Intermediate Survey


2.1 Structure and equipment
The survey shall, in general, be carried out as the annual survey, but with extended visual inspection and nondestructive testing of the structure as given in the in-service inspection programme (ref Section 2.4). 2.1.1 Legs Survey of the upper part of the legs is normally required as specified in IIP. Potential measurements will also be required if found necessary. See Ch.5 for the inspection of the underwater part of the legs.

2.2 Machinery and systems


2.2.1 Fire protection/ extinguishing/ prevention The fire protection arrangement shall be surveyed.

Section 3. Renewal Survey


3.1 Extent
The extent of the survey includes the requirements of the annual and intermediate survey, the items as given in the in-service inspection program as given in Section 2.4, and additionally the requirements as discussed in this chapter. For units intended to stay on location for prolonged periods, see Ch.6.

3.2 Structure and equipment


Fixation of major appurtenances to the main structure shall be surveyed. These may typically include crane pedestals, helicopter decks, drilling derricks, lifeboat platforms and heavy deck modules or skids. 3.2.1 Legs The legs above the waterline shall be examined. See Ch.5 for the inspection of the underwater part of the legs.
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3.2.2 Acceptance criteria corrosion limits Thickness measurements shall be carried out as deemed necessary by the surveyor at the first and second renewal surveys after delivery. At the third renewal and subsequent renewals, in addition to the above, mandatory thickness gaugings are to be taken as a minimum in the following areas: major connections of leg to mat lattice leg chord at connections to spudcan spudcan bulkheads at connections to leg chord leg chords in way of splash zone load transfer area in way of jack house (external and in way of pre load tanks).

In addition to the above, spot checks may be taken in other areas in order to assess the general condition of the unit.
Guidance note: Recommended locations for the spot checks are the main deck (often problem area due to frequent deck loading/ unloading) and pre-load tanks.
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Average corrosion is defined as the average corrosion rate for a typical structural member. Local corrosion is defined as the local corrosion limited by an area of 500 500 mm within a plate-field defined by two stiffeners and adjacent web-frames. Table 3-1 specifies the allowable reduction for the two specific areas.
Guidance note: It is noted that general designs do not take into account additional corrosion margins. Notwithstanding, if these are included and documented, the reduction as specified in the table is exclusive this margin and the total allowable reduction is the margin + a specified share of the plate/member thickness. For DNV requirement for corrosion margin is referred to DNV-OS-C101, Sec.10, B407
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Table 3-1 Average corrosion 5% reduction is allowed in special areas subject to high fatigue loads. These areas are normally identified in the In-Service Inspection Program (IIP) 10% reduction is allowed in areas taking part in the global structural strength, or being part of the watertight integrity of the unit 15% reduction is allowed in areas not taking part in the global structural strength and not being part of the watertight integrity of the unit.

Local corrosion 5% reduction is allowed in special areas subject to high fatigue loads. These areas are normally identified in the In-Service Inspection Program (IIP) 15% reduction is allowed for plates in areas taking part in the global structural strength, or being part of the watertight integrity of the unit 20% reduction is allowed in areas not taking part in the global structural strength and not being part of the watertight integrity of the unit. Detailed locations for thickness gaugings will be included in the vessels In-service Inspection Programme

3.2.3 Tanks Tanks shall, as a minimum, be internally surveyed in accordance with Table 3-2 (as far as applicable). Survey of pipes, valves, couplings, anodes, equipment for level indication, etc. inside tanks and spaces shall be carried out.

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Table 3-2 Tank survey and pressure testing 1), 2) Tank 0-5 Sea water 3) All Fresh water One Fuel and sludge One Lubricating oil None Notes:

Age of unit in years 5-10 10-15 all all one all one two none one

above 15 all all half half

1) Tanks of integral type Guidance note: Integral tanks form a part of the units hull and are influenced in the same manner and by the same loads that stress the adjacent hull structure. Independent tanks within machinery spaces (non-integral, self-supporting tanks which do not form part of the unit's hull) are normally surveyed as part of the renewal survey for machinery, see E.
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2) If selection of tanks is accepted to be surveyed, then different tanks shall, as far as practicable, be surveyed at each survey, on a rotational basis. 3) Tanks used as bilge water holding tanks, shall be examined as required for sea water tanks.

Remote level indicating systems for ballast tanks shall be surveyed and function tested. Remote control system for valves in bilge, ballast and cooling water systems shall be surveyed and tested. Tank bulkheads and tank decks integral with the unit structure shall, as a minimum, be hydraulically tested from at least one side to the maximum pressure they can be subjected to in service. The number of tanks to be tested shall be in accordance with Table D1, as far as applicable.

3.3 Weight/ displacement survey


The unit is to undergo a weight or displacement survey and the weight record will be checked in order to verify the current lightweight and centre of gravity. Where the weight survey indicates a difference from the calculated lightweight in excess of 5% of the operating displacement, an inclining test should be conducted. It is a provision that the weight difference is positioned at the most unfavourable position when calculating the vertical centre of gravity (VCG). The above mentioned requirements may be considered complied with where the national authorities enforce similar requirements. In such cases a copy of the report on the weight survey, or on the new inclining test, endorsed by the national authorities, shall be submitted. 3.3.1 Towing equipment The permanent towing arrangement of the unit shall be surveyed. Towing equipment is subject to visual inspection.

3.4 Machinery and systems


3.4.1 General The survey shall comprise examination of the electrical installations with regard to fire and explosion hazards and injury from accidental touching. The survey is also to include testing of correct functioning of equipment covered by class requirements. The insulation resistance of the complete installation shall be measured, and the results presented to the surveyor. For vessels Survey arrangement PMS and with continuous earth fault monitoring of all distribution systems and alarm to a continuously manned control station, the following alternative may be accepted: megger test of all generators and main electrical motors test of all earth fault monitoring devices verification that the vessel have regular maintenance routines for test of earth fault monitoring devices. As far as practicable, the following equipment shall be examined for satisfactory condition: main and emergency switchboards generators distribution boards motor starters electrical motors

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converters (e.g. transformers, rectifiers, chargers) cable installations enclosures for electrical equipment lighting equipment heating equipment battery installations.

The following tests shall be carried out to the extent deemed necessary by the surveyor to ascertain the proper functioning of the equipment: generator full load test; minimum load for life support and emergency jacking should be guaranteed generator parallel operation generator protection relays including non-important load trip, if fitted generator remote speed control generator synchronising equipment power plant interlocking systems insulation resistance indicating device emergency generator including switchboards battery chargers navigation lights, with controllers including alarms electrical motors for essential and important use, e.g. for jacking system at full load interlocking and/or alarms for pressurised rooms and equipment. air systems and their redundancy as part of safety- or important systems.

3.4.2 Jacking system The jacking systems, including shock pads, shall be examined in the presence of the Surveyor by the original equipment manufacturer or other third party inspector mutually agreeable to the owner and the Surveyor. The inspection shall include the following: a) b) c) d) e) f) g)
1) 2)

Racks and climbing pinions (visual examination for wear and proper tooth contact). Planetary gear boxes (opening and visual examination of at least one per leg, oil analyses for all).1) Linear gearboxes (can be inspected by means of endoscope or inspection covers when provided). Braking systems (opening and visual examination of at least one per leg). Pinions (pinion clearance if accessible). Survey & NDT of jacking guides to the extent possible to be included. Leg guide clearance to be checked with design specifications.2)
Oil samples are to be collected directly after a jacking operation to ensure representative values A leg guide clearance above design specification may result in additional load to jacking gear and its bearings with a subsequent increase of wear. In addition a too high clearance may result in out of straightness of legs resulting in binding during jacking operations. In addition NDT is to be carried out in line with the In-Service Inspection Plan (ref section 2.4).

3.4.3 Raw water pumps Check availability of water supply for safety systems, i.e fire water for different operational conditions (transit, during jacking and in elevated conditions). 3.4.4 Hazardous area Enclosed hazardous areas such as those containing open active mud tanks, shale shakers, de-gassers and desanders are to be examined and doors and closures in boundary bulkheads verified as effective. Electric lighting, electrical fixtures, and instrumentation are to be examined, proven satisfactory and verified as explosion-proof or intrinsically safe. Ventilating systems including ductwork, fans, intake and exhaust locations for enclosed restricted areas are to be examined, tested and proven satisfactory. Ventilating air alarm system is to be proven satisfactory. Electrical motors are to be examined including closed-loop ventilating systems for large D-C motors. Automatic power disconnect to motors in case of loss of ventilating air is to be proved satisfactory. 3.4.5 Fire protection/ extinguishing/ prevention Correct functioning of the various parts of the following systems shall, as far as applicable, be verified: alarm and safety system fire and gas detection systems.

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3.4.6 Instrumentation and automation When cancelling of automatic load reduction and/or automatic stop of engine are provided, these functions shall be demonstrated to the surveyor. Remote shutdown for fuel-oil transfer service pumps and ventilating equipment, together with oil tank outlet valves where required to be capable of being remotely closed are to be proved satisfactory. Emergency switch(es) for all electrical equipment including main and emergency generators, except alarm and communication systems and lighting in vital areas such as escape routes and landing platforms, are to be proved satisfactory (by a combination of testing and review of maintenance records). (IACS UR Z15) A test showing the correct ESD system functioning.
Guidance note: To prevent negative consequences on ongoing operations it is recommended to prepare the test in collaboration with the surveyor. In addition, it may be advantage to execute these test where negative consequences are limited, e.g. during casing setting.
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3.5 General
The presence of required signboards shall be verified.

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CHAPTER 5 OTHER SURVEYS


Section 1. Record Keeping
Plans and procedures for underwater inspection shall be submitted for review in advance of the survey and made available on board. Submitted data, after review by the Society, will be subject to revision if found to be necessary in light of experience.
Guidance note: The Society may consider alternative methods for providing adequate assurance that a unit's bottom is in a satisfactory condition at the mid-term class period survey. A survey based on such alternative methods is subject to acceptance by the relevant flag administration.
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Section 2. Bottom Survey


For the interval of the bottom survey see Ch.3 Sec.2.3. The bottom survey afloat may replace the statutory dry docked survey provided acceptance from the flag. Underwater Inspection in lieu of Drydocking Survey may not be acceptable where there is record of abnormal deterioration or damage to the underwater structure; or where damage affecting the fitness of the unit is found during the course of the survey. Valves are checked for proper condition / closing and operation, often fitted with remote operation by means of rod extensions etc Sea chests and other sea inlets and discharges (above and below the waterline) with valves, including sanitary valves and scupper valves, shall be opened for survey.

Section 3. Spudcan & Leg Survey


3.1 General
For the interval of the Spudcan and Leg survey see Ch.3 Sec.2.3. Considerations shall be given to safe entry and accessibility of the spudcans before the survey.
Guidance note: The considerations include ventilation, arrangements for pumps, cables for lighting etc.
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3.2 Scope
The spudcan & leg survey includes the leg nodes below the upper guide in transit. The nodes above this guide are inspected during the normal periodical surveys.

3.3 Inspection
External surfaces of spudcans, mat, underwater areas of legs, together with their connections as applicable, shall be selectively cleaned to the satisfaction of the attending surveyor and examined. The surveyor is to be satisfied with the condition of the internal structure of the spudcans. Leg connections to spudcans are to be examined at each dry-dock survey or equivalent The cathodic protection system of the submerged zone shall be surveyed. The efficiency of the system for the forthcoming 5-year period shall be confirmed. The cathodic protection system shall be surveyed by visual inspection of sacrificial anodes and extent of corrosion. Corrosion in welds of vital parts which may be subject to fatigue shall be particularly considered.

Section 4. Survey after Ocean Transit


After an ocean transit, a survey is to ensure that the unit is in sound condition and did not suffer from damage from bad weather during the transit, otherwise consequences of inappropriate shimming of the legs. This post- transit survey applies both for wet and dry tows and shall be carried out before elevating the unit. The survey shall consist of the visual inspection and NDT testing with a focus on the following structural areas: Jackhouse structure and connection to the hull,

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Leg Nodes in way of upper/lower guides and chord spudcan connection. Main deck area in way of support of gearboxes. The owner is to prepare a survey plan including details of the tow to be submitted to the Society for approval prior to commencement. The owner may perform the survey himself. If the survey reveals damages, DNV is to be involved in line with Chapter 2, Section 2.1. If no damages are found, inspection records are to be shown at the next periodical survey.

Offshore Service Specification DNV-OSS-104, April 2012 Pt.7 Ch.6 Sec.1. Introduction Page 115

CHAPTER 6 PERMANENTLY INSTALLED SELF-ELEVATING UNITS


Section 1. Introduction
The requirements and guidance given in Chapter are supplementary requirements for units that are intended to stay on location for prolonged periods, normally more than 5 years. Permanently installed self-elevating units shall be designed or documented for the site specific environmental and soil conditions. Fatigue properties and facilities for survey on location shall be specially considered. Adequate corrosion protection shall be implemented to cover the entire prolonged operation period.

Section 2. Fatigue
Design Fatigue Factors (DFF) are introduced as fatigue safety factors. DFF shall be applied to structural elements according to the principles in DNV-OS-C101. Fatigue safety factors applied for permanently installed self-elevating units shall be given dependent on the criticality of the detail and accessibility for inspection and repair. Special considerations should be made for the leg in the splash zone, submerged parts legs and spudcan, and possible inaccessible parts of the spudcan. The fatigue analysis should focus on members that are essential to the overall structural integrity of the unit. Fatigue susceptible areas may include: the leg to hull holding system the leg members and joints in the vicinity of the upper and lower guides the leg members and joints in the splashing zone the leg members and joints in the lower part of the leg near the spudcan the spudcan to leg connection.
Guidance note: See DNV-OS-C101 Sec.10 B200 with respect to vertical extent of splash zone.
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Section 3. Inspection and Maintenance


3.1 Facilities for survey
Surveys may be carried out on location based on agreed procedures outlined in a maintenance system and survey arrangement, without interrupting the function of the unit. The following matters shall be taken into consideration to be able to carry out surveys on location: arrangements and methods for survey of hull, legs and seabed foundation structure corrosion protection of hull, legs and seabed foundation structure underwater cleaning facilities. The In Service Inspection program (IIP) should reflect possible stress concentrations in critical areas, fatigue criticality, and the previous operational and inspection histories.

Section 4. Jacking System


When the jack up unit is intended for permanently installation as defined in section 1 and has arrangements for a fix load transfer by a permanent fixation system, the jacking system will be excluded from DNV scope of work for classification after the initial jacking of the unit.