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Three Major Issues

Accelerated consumption of fossil fuels

Global development of industry & technology in the 21st century

1. Energy

Population growth (in USA, Asia, etc.) Growing number of motor vehicles

2. CO2 (global warming measures)

3. Air quality

Prius

(THS) 1997~2003
Features of System
1 2 3 Two electric motors Ni-MH battery Power split device

Generator

Power Control Unit


Inverter

Battery
Power split device Motor

Engine
Reduction Gear

Mechanical power path Electrical power path

Transmission for HV

Evolution of Hybrid Units


Continuous improvements (KAIZEN) The challenge to achieve higher performance Smaller, lighter units with improved output

Main hybrid system units

Inverter

Generator

Traction motor Battery

Prius

(THSII) 2003~
Features of System
1 2 3 Two electric motors Ni-MH battery Power split device

Generator

Power Control Unit


Inverter

Battery
Power split device Motor

Engine
Reduction Gear

High-voltage boost circuit

Mechanical power path Electrical power path

Transmission for HV

Basic components Toyota Hybrid Synergy Drive


HV battery Pack improvements: - 26% Modules (38 28 modules) - 30% weight (56 kg 39 kg) - 15 % volume (- 6 l) - 23% static current drop more efficient

Added connection portion between each cell Module (6 Cells) Cell (1,2 V)

38 28 modules

273,6 V 201,6 V

Battery
1600 1400

Lighter

03 Prius
(Prismatic resin case)

Output density (W/kg)

1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 0 500

35%up

00 Prius
Prismatic resin case

97 Prius
(Cylindrical)

Smaller
1000 1500 2000 2500 Output density (W/L) 3000 3500

Toyota Hybrid Synergy Drive


Improvements Toyota Hybrid Synergy Drive vs. THS:
+ 8% petrol power: 53 kW 57 kW + 50% electric power: 33 kW 50 kW + 14 % electric torque: 350 Nm 400 Nm over a 3 x wider range

Substantial increase in contribution of electric motor Higher voltage to electric motor/generator: 273,6 V 500 V
superior power minimised electrical losses

Enhanced charging capacity of generator: more power and speed


33,8 kW 37,8 kW 6,500 10,000 rpm

Newly developed battery pack


more compact and lighter (-30%) superior output density improved charge and discharge capacity

Aluminium High voltage wire harness (weight reduction)

HV Market: Cumulative sales (worldwide)


1500

Cumulative number of hybrid sales

1 million
All HVs including other companys HVs (Total) 1000 (Thousand) TOYOTA / LEXUS HVs (Total) PRIUS(Total)

500
PRIUS (US, Europe, )

PRIUS (Japan)

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

(Year

2007

Irish Market Experience


Hybrid sales exceed 2,500 at end of 2008 Mainly private buyers Toyota Ireland role in promoting Hybrid No.1 in customer satisfaction J.D. Power Resale value is very strong Appeal of Hybrid reaching a wider customer base

300

Low CO2 emission

250 200 150 100 50

Gasoline Petrol

Source: VCA data European C segment vehicles

TtW CO2(g/km)

Diesel LPG CNG


Prius hybrid

EV
0 0.05

Plug-in hybrid
0.10

Clean

0.15

0.20

0.25 0.30 TtW NOx(g/km)

Plug-in technology can further enhance the environmental performance of hybrids both in CO2 & pollutant emissions

FT-EV Concept

Plug-in Hybrid

Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle


Motor Engine Motor

Mainly EV in city driving

Mainly HV in long distance and high speed driving

Engine

Recharging circuit

Battery

Motor

Household electrical Recharged mainly at night energy


120 / 240 VAC single phase

Plug-in hybrids : A new style of electricity utilization