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Music Genres A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category

and type of music that can be distinguished from other types of music Music can be divided into many genres in many different ways.[citation needed] Due to the different purposes behind them and the different points of view from which they are made, these classifications are often arbitrary and controversial and closely related genres often overlap.[citation needed] While no one doubts that it is possible to note similarities between musical pieces, there are often exceptions and caveats associated. Definition of Music Genres is based on 1. Art Music - Classical 2. Popular Music - Mass media and $ 3. Traditional Music Secondary characteristics 1. Time Period 2. Regional & National Music 3. Technique and instrumentation 4. Fusion origins 5. Sociological (Wedding, Christmas, etc) New Genres What is an actual fusion between genres and what is a mere influence from another genre can often be disputed. There is a fair amount of examples were the music genre has been labeled long after its first actual appearance Art = Classical music is the art music produced in, or rooted in, the traditions of Western liturgical and secular music, encompassing a broad period from roughly the 11th century (1000 AD) to present times.[1] The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common practice period. 1. Literature - Most is documented 2. The instruments used in most classical music were largely invented before the mid-19th century (often much earlier), and codified in the 18th and 19th centuries. They consist of the instruments found in an orchestra, together with a few other solo instruments (such as the piano, harpsichord, and organ). 3. Form - Whereas the majority of popular styles lend themselves to the song form, classical music can also take on the form of the concerto, symphony, sonata, opera, dance music, suite, tude, symphonic poem, and others. 4. Technical nature - Along with a desire for composers to attain high technical achievement in writing their music, performers of classical music are faced with similar goals of technical mastery, as demonstrated by the proportionately high amount of

schooling and private study most successful classical musicians have had when compared to "popular" genre musicians, and the large number of secondary schools, 5. Society Often perceived as opulent or signifying some aspect of upper-level society, classical music has generally never been as popular with working-class society. However, the traditional perception that only upper-class society has access to and appreciation for classical music, or even that classical music represents the upper-class society, may not be true, given that many working classical musicians fall somewhere in the middle-class income range in the United States,[9] and that classical concertgoers and CD buyers are not necessarily upper class. Even in the Classical era, Mozart's opere buffe such as Cos fan tutte were popular with the general public.
Beethoven's 5th Symphony http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4IRMYuE1hI

Popular Music Pop music (a term that originally derives from an abbreviation of "popular") is usually understood to be commercially recorded music, often oriented towards a youth market, usually consisting of relatively short, simple songs utilizing technological innovations to produce new variations on existing themes. Pop music has absorbed influences from most other forms of popular music, but as a genre is particularly associated with the rock and roll and later rock style.
Elvis - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FJsQSb9RFo0 Beatles http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pVlr4g5-r18 Michael Jackson http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oRdxUFDoQe0

Traditional Music = Folk 1. It was transmitted through an oral tradition. 2. They commemorate historical and personal events. 3. The music was often related to national culture. Acapella - Work Song - Chant: rituals, religious Dance music is music composed specifically to facilitate or accompany dancing. It can be either a whole musical piece or part of a larger musical arrangement. In terms of performance, the major categories are live dance music and recorded dance music. ================================================================= Religious Music

A lot of music has been composed to complement religion, and many composers have derived inspiration from their own religion. Many forms of traditional music have been adapted to fit religions' purposes or have descended from religious music. There is a long history of Christian Church music. Johann Sebastian Bach, considered one of the most important and influential European classical music composers, wrote most of his music for the Lutheran church.

Country blend of European and African traditional Country music (or country and western) is a blend of traditional and popular US musical forms traditionally found in the Southern United States Country music has produced the two top selling solo artists of all time in the United States. Elvis Presley, With 129.5 million albums sold, Presley is the top-domesticselling solo artist in U.S. history. Contemporary musician Garth Brooks, with 128 million albums sold, is the second best-selling solo artist in U.S. history.[
Hank Williams http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OxB1t2EEK0M Merle Haggard http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ziFI_0Fx5ts

Blues From African traditional music Blues is the name given to both a musical form and a music genre[1] that originated in African-American communities of primarily the Deep South of the United States at the end of the 19th century from spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts and chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads.[2] Call and response http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:KeepYourLampTrimmedAndBurning.ogg I-IV-V-17 chords Pentatonic scale and blue notes Blues shuffle - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blues AAB pattern, consisting of a line sung over the four first bars, its repetition over the next four, and then a longer concluding line over the last bars.
There's a red house over yonder, that's where my baby stays. There's a red house over yonder, baby, that's where my baby stays. Well, I ain't been home to see my baby in about ninety nine and one half days, 'bout time I see her. Wait a minute, something's wrong. The key wont unlock the door. Wait a minute, something's wrong, baby. The key wont unlock the door. I got a bad, bad feeling that my baby don't live here no more.

Robert Johnson - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:RobertJohson.png http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Robert_Johnson_-_Sweet_Home_Chicago.ogg Jimi http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IbqchLSjAaI

Jazz From African and European Jazz is a musical tradition and style of music that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States from a confluence of African and European music traditions. blue notes, improvisation, polyrhythms, syncopation Duke Ellington http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:DukeEllington_TakeTheATrain.ogg John Coltrane http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:JohnColtrane_MrPC.ogg Courtney Pine http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CourtneyPine_TheJazzstep.ogg

R&B Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated to R&B, is a genre of popular African American music that originated in the 1940s.[1] The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more James Brown - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u5HRzaOFhec Ray Charles - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xPP8w0wMRgQ Spencer Davis Group - http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=N5iFrYTRyy4&feature=related

Rock Music Musically, rock has centred around the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with bass guitar and drums. Typically, rock is song-based music with a 4/4 beat utilizing a verse-chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse and common musical characteristics are difficult to define. Like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political in emphasis. The dominance of rock by white, male musicians has been seen as one of the key factors shaping the themes explored in rock music. Rock places a higher degree of emphasis on musicianship, live performance, and an ideology of authenticity than pop music. Country rock o The Band - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EisXJSsULGM o Grateful Dead - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQF8CILMt8c Jazz rock o Santana - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8JryQXilMj4 Blues Rock o SRV http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0vo23H9J8o8

Funk Rock o Parliament http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x14g4t_parliamentfunkadelic-give-up-the-f_music o http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DH8PSEpB5po

Electronic Kraftwerk http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bg6NJhqLGWk&feature=related Reagge Bob Marley http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o882ycTCVLc