4/15/13

Mrunal » [EnB] Gadgil Panel report on Western Ghats: recommendations, Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ), WGEA (Part 3 of 4) » Print

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[EnB] Gadgil Panel report on Western Ghats: recommendations, Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ), Learn English WGEA (Part 3 of 4) Vocabulary
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What is Gadgil Panel? Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ) Western Ghats Ecology Authority (WGEA)? Hierarchy Structure Functions Zonal recommendations General recommendations Vocabulary Lists Test Questions Travel To New Delhi

In the last two articles, we saw 1. Western Ghats: overview of physical geography and biodiversity: click ME 2. Threats to the biodiversity of Western Ghats: click ME Now moving forward:

What is Gadgil Panel?
2010: Environment ministry created this panel Full name: Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel Chairman=Prof. Madhav Gadgil (he was Ex-Chairman, Centre for Ecological Sciences, in Indian Institute of Science) To study the ecological and environmental problems of Western Ghats and give recommendations. Gadgil submitted his report in 2011. Here are his observations and recommendations.

This is Madhav Gadgil

Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ)
Environment Protection Act 1986 (EPA)=Union Government can designate an area as “ecologically
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Zone Highest protection must be given to them 1 2. frogs.4/15/13 Mrunal » [EnB] Gadgil Panel report on Western Ghats: recommendations. Kerala and Tamil Nadu). many ecologically sensitive zone have been setup.g.html/print/ 2/6 . And that too. entire Western Ghats should be designated as Ecologically sensitive zones. namely. and Nagarpalikas Western Ghats Ecology Authority (WGEA)? Madhav Gadgil Panel recommended for this. 3 4. 2. E. The Western Ghats has thousands of endemic species of flowering plants. Gadgil recommends that entire Western Ghat should be divided into 3 zones (actually 4) 1. final demarcation of the Zones should be done by Western Ghats Ecology Authority (WGEA). Zone Moderate control and protection. Gram Panchayats. Karnataka. Therefore. Taluka Panchayats. But all of them face common problems: 1. after taking extensive inputs from local communities and local bodies. WGEA (Part 3 of 4) » Print sensitive zone” and then Government can prohibit/regulate Development in this region. Using this power. birds and mammals. little or no meaningful participation by the local community. fish. Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ). PA Protected Areas= existing Wild Life Sanctuaries and National Parks. Over bureaucratization =corruption. For example a farmer would need to pay bribe get clearance to dig well/bore in his own farm. Goa.org/2013/02/enb-gadgil-panel-report-on-western-ghats-recommendations-ecologically-sensitive-zones-esz-wgea-part-3-of-4. Zilla Parishads. Maharashtra. Mahabaleshwar-Panchgani region in Mahrashtra. WGEA will have jurisdiction over the Western Ghat districts in six states (Gujarat. mrunal. Zone Intermediate 2 3.

Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ). 3. 6. WEGA will decide location of industry. 3. Chairman – A retired judge of the Supreme Court. Zonal recommendations As we saw earlier: Gadgil recommended Western Ghats to be divided into three ecologically sensitive zones. 7. records. Experts from biology. Hierarchy Western Ghats Ecology Authority Union State Western Ghats Ecology In 6 states Authorities In districts under Western District Ecology Committee Ghat Structure 1. land use planning in Western Ghats.) 4. under Civil Procedure Code. conservation. 8. 2. sociology etc. 4. Representative from tribal group. Here they’re: Ecologically Sensitive Zone (ESZ) mrunal. (just like National Board of Wildlife whose decisions are rarely tampered with and by and large have been approved even by the Supreme Court of India. 2 and 3. sustainable development and Eco restoration of the Western Ghats 2. preferably from the Western Ghats region. evidences etc. Civil society representatives. Authority shall also be the final authority for demarcating the areas under the Ecologically Sensitive Zones #1. 5. Can issue directions to the state government or agencies to prevent any negative impacts on the Western Ghats.org/2013/02/enb-gadgil-panel-report-on-western-ghats-recommendations-ecologically-sensitive-zones-esz-wgea-part-3-of-4. Functions 1.4/15/13 Mrunal » [EnB] Gadgil Panel report on Western Ghats: recommendations. WGEA (Part 3 of 4) » Print WGEA will be a statutory authority appointed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests.html/print/ 3/6 . Its recommendations will be ordinarily binding. Power to levy fines and other punitive measures 9. Environmental Impact Analysis and Clearance process in Western Ghats. social and ecological impact on Western Ghats. Prevent activity having negative environmental. law. Right to call for files. science.

traffic. impact assessment. Tourism waste management. except where it is highly essential (e. it should be phased out in 5 years. Avoid new highways.g Goa). Expressways Transport Allowed but only with strict regulation + social audit. Non polluting industry Allow but with strict regulation + social audit (green/blue) No river Any height allowed River projects Not higher but with detailed projects/dams higher than than 15m environmental 3 meters. Promote organic agricultural practices mrunal. Mining Where mining exists. plants=only if they’ve zero pollution. Donot allow new Allow new Polluting industries.New Power plants plants. WGEA (Part 3 of 4) » Print Zone #1 Zone #2 Donot give new licenses for mining.org/2013/02/enb-gadgil-panel-report-on-western-ghats-recommendations-ecologically-sensitive-zones-esz-wgea-part-3-of-4. close them down. Existing mines should be under strict regulation and social audit. (recall Tiger tourism article). water and energy use=strictly regulate. Zone #3 Allow New mining license only IF scarce minerals not available on the plains.html/print/ 4/6 . No new railway lines and major roads. Existing= with strict regulation + social Donot allow new power audit.Exisiting industries but with Industry industries must switch to strict regulation + (Red/Orange) zero pollution by 2016 else social audit.4/15/13 Mrunal » [EnB] Gadgil Panel report on Western Ghats: recommendations. General recommendations 1. Existing mines should be under strict regulation and social audit. Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ).

Green Building certifications of 23. Because almost all plants coming under the weed category are rich cattle fodder. 16. 15. Animal husbandary Fisheries Awareness 17. 18. 10. organic agriculture etc. 3. Donot allow introduction of any invasive alien species.4/15/13 Mrunal » [EnB] Gadgil Panel report on Western Ghats: recommendations. 6. and IT housing. 13. mrunal. 24. Phase out use of chemical pesticides/ weedicides in the coming years.org/2013/02/enb-gadgil-panel-report-on-western-ghats-recommendations-ecologically-sensitive-zones-esz-wgea-part-3-of-4. give the farmers subsidies for biogas. 5. 11. 21.html/print/ 5/6 . Teach agri-stuff in schools. Eco Housing. Encourage planting of endemic species. 12. mines. 8. monitor and control trade in aquarium fishes. Use them for impact assessment for all new Sci-Tech and projects such as dams. Make river clubs in every school. Donot allow dynamite and other explosives to kill fish. provide fish ladders at all reservoirs 14. GRIHA codes. Instead of giving subsidies for chemical fertilizers. Donot allow any Genetically Modified crops in Western Ghats. cement and sand Construction 22. Prepare hydrological data base of rivers 20. Minimise the use of steel. 7. 4. tourism. Promote cattle breed that can withstand adverse agro climatic conditions of Western Ghats. WGEA (Part 3 of 4) » Print Agro 2. eco-friendly building material and construction methods. Donot allow filling of marshes/ wetlands. Donot allow weedicides in cash crop areas alongside the roads. Donot allow monoculture plantation of exotic species like eucalyptus. Extraction of medicinal plants with strict regulations 9. Give money for sequestration of carbon in soils. Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ).

hotels etc. then why is there a controversy? We’ll see that in fourth and last article of this series: click me Article printed from Mrunal: http://mrunal.org URL to article: http://mrunal.) Ok everything sounds well and good with Gadgil’s report. Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZ). tourist spots should be phased out.org/2013/02/enb-gadgil-panelreport-on-western-ghats-recommendations-ecologicallysensitive-zones-esz-wgea-part-3-of-4. plastic bags in shops. Generate awareness about reasonable and adequate vs ‚luxury and wasteful energy consumption (for example excessive lights and Air conditioners in malls.org/2013/02/enb-gadgil-panel-report-on-western-ghats-recommendations-ecologically-sensitive-zones-esz-wgea-part-3-of-4.4/15/13 Mrunal » [EnB] Gadgil Panel report on Western Ghats: recommendations. 26. WGEA (Part 3 of 4) » Print Misc 25.html mrunal.html/print/ 6/6 .

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