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INFLOW PERFORMANCE RELATIONSHIPS (IPR) FOR SOLUTION GAS

DRIVE RESERVOIRS A SEMI-ANALYTICAL APPROACH

A Thesis
by
MARA ALEJANDRA NASS

Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of


Texas A&M University
in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of
MASTER OF SCIENCE

May 2010

Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering

Inflow Performance Relationships (IPR) For Solution Gas Drive Reservoirs


a Semi-Analytical Approach
Copyright 2010 Mara Alejandra Nass

INFLOW PERFORMANCE RELATIONSHIPS (IPR) FOR SOLUTION GAS


DRIVE RESERVOIRS A SEMI-ANALYTICAL APPROACH

A Thesis
by
MARA ALEJANDRA NASS

Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of


Texas A&M University
in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of
MASTER OF SCIENCE

Approved by:
Co-Chairs of Committee,
Committee Member,
Head of Department,

Thomas A. Blasingame
Maria A. Barrufet
Robert Weiss
Stephen A. Holditch

May 2010

Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering

iii

ABSTRACT
Inflow Performance Relationships (IPR) for Solution Gas Drive Reservoirs
a Semi-Analytical Approach. (May 2010)
Mara Alejandra Nass,
B.S., Universidad Metropolitana;
M.S., Ecole Nationale Suprieure du Ptrole et des Moteurs (ENSPM)
Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Thomas A. Blasingame
Maria A. Barrufet
This work provides a semi-analytical development of the pressure-mobility behavior of solution gas-drive
reservoir systems producing below the bubble point pressure. Our primary result is the "characteristic"
relation which relates normalized (or dimensionless) pressure and mobility functions this result is:
2
3

[ko / ( o Bo )] p [ ko / ( o Bo )] pabn
p pabn
p pabn
p pabn
1
1

(
1

)
2
(
1

pi pabn
pi pabn
pi pabn
[ ko / ( o Bo )] pi [ko / ( o Bo )] pabn

(where < 1)
This formulation is proven with an exhaustive numerical simulation study consisting of over 900 different
cases. We considered 9 different pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) sets, and 13 different relative
permeability cases in the simulation study. We also utilized the following 7 different depletion scenarios.
The secondary purpose of this work was to develop a correlation of the "characteristic parameter" () as a
function of the following parameters:
= f(APIi, GORi, Boi, oi, pi, TRes, Soi, kro,end, nCorey, oi)

We did successfully correlate the -parameter as a function of these variables, which proves that we can
uniquely represent the pressure-mobility path during depletion with specific reservoir and fluid property
variables, taken as constant values for a particular case. The functional form of our correlation is:

erf 1 (GOR A1 API A2 T res A3 S oi A4 k rog A5 p i A6 B oi A7 oi A8 oi A9)


n w A10 n ow A11 n og A12 n g A13

The coefficients for this relation are obtained using regression on the results from the simulation study.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I would like to express my appreciation and gratitude to:


Dr. Tom Blasingame, for his commitment, his patience and, for sharing his time and knowledge
during the time it took to complete this thesis. I thank him for providing such an interesting (and
challenging) subject.
Dr. Maria A. Barrufet, for serving as co-chair of my advisory committee.
Dr. Robert Weiss, for serving as member of my advisory committee.
Dilhan Ilk, for being available for every question I had, and for providing me with the complete
background to initiate this work.
Jose Carballo, for providing me with unlimited encouragement, as well as for many ideas and
support.

vi

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
ABSTRACT

...........................................................................................................................................iii

DEDICATION

...........................................................................................................................................iv

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS............................................................................................................................... v
TABLE OF CONTENTS...............................................................................................................................vi
LIST OF FIGURES .....................................................................................................................................viii
LIST OF TABLES .......................................................................................................................................... x
CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................. 1

1.1. Research Problem ...................................................................................................................... 1


1.2. Review of Previous Work.......................................................................................................... 2
1.3. Present Status of the Problem .................................................................................................... 7
1.4. Research Objectives................................................................................................................... 9
1.5. Thesis Outline .......................................................................................................................... 10
CHAPTER II

MODEL-BASED PERFORMANCE OF SOLUTION-GAS-DRIVE RESERVOIRS... 11

2.1. Modeling Approach ................................................................................................................. 11


2.2. Input Data Selection................................................................................................................. 13
2.3. Fluid Selection and PVT Properties......................................................................................... 15
2.4. Relative Permeability Curves .................................................................................................. 25
CHAPTER III

CORRELATION OF THE CHARACTERISTIC BEHAVIOR OF SOLUTION-GASDRIVE RESERVOIRS .................................................................................................... 31

3.1. Correlation of the -parameter................................................................................................. 31


3.2. Validation of the -parameter Correlation ............................................................................... 32
3.3. Effect of Input Variables on the -parameter Correlation ....................................................... 39
CHAPTER IV

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ........................................................... 44

4.1. Conclusions.............................................................................................................................. 44
4.2. Recommendations for Future Research ................................................................................... 44
NOMENCLATURE...................................................................................................................................... 45

vii

Page
REFERENCES

.......................................................................................................................................... 47

APPENDIX A

.......................................................................................................................................... 48

APPENDIX B

.......................................................................................................................................... 49

APPENDIX C

.......................................................................................................................................... 82

APPENDIX D

.......................................................................................................................................... 87

APPENDIX E

.......................................................................................................................................... 92

APPENDIX F

.......................................................................................................................................... 97

APPENDIX G

........................................................................................................................................ 102

APPENDIX H

........................................................................................................................................ 107

APPENDIX I

........................................................................................................................................ 112

APPENDIX J

........................................................................................................................................ 117

APPENDIX K

........................................................................................................................................ 122

APPENDIX L

........................................................................................................................................ 127

APPENDIX M

........................................................................................................................................ 132

APPENDIX N

........................................................................................................................................ 137

APPENDIX O

........................................................................................................................................ 142

APPENDIX P

........................................................................................................................................ 147

VITA

........................................................................................................................................ 151

iv

DEDICATION

I dedicate this thesis to my husband Jose.

ix

FIGURE

Page

2.11 Relative permeability curves for kr2, kr7 and kr10 sets (kr2 = base case) ................................... 28
2.12 Relative permeability curves for kr3, kr8 and kr11 sets (kr3 = base case) ................................... 28
2.13 Relative permeability curves for kr1 and kr4 sets (kr1 = base case) ............................................ 29
2.14 Relative permeability curves for kr3 and kr5 sets (kr3 = base case) ............................................ 29
2.15 Relative permeability curves for kr12 set.................................................................................... 30
2.16 Relative permeability curves for kr13 set.................................................................................... 30
3.1

Computed -parameter versus measured -parameter (all data)................................................. 32

3.2

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized average


reservoir pressure function (Case 1). .......................................................................................... 34

3.3

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with respect to the
normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted versus the normalized
average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).............................................................................. 35

3.4

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with respect
to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted versus the normalized
average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).............................................................................. 36

3.5

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with respect to the
normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted versus the normalized
average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).............................................................................. 37

3.6

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with respect
to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted versus the normalized
average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).............................................................................. 38

3.7

Effect of GOR and API on the computed -parameter............................................................... 39

3.8

Effect of reservoir temperature (TRes) on the computed -parameter.......................................... 40

3.9

Effect of initial oil mobility (oi) on the computed -parameter................................................. 41

3.10 Effect of the Corey exponents for the water and gas relative permeabilities (nw and
ng) on the computed -parameter................................................................................................ 42
3.11 Effect of the Corey exponents for the oil relative permeabilities (nog and now) on
the computed -parameter........................................................................................................... 43

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE

Page

2.1

Stock tank properties for selected black oil fluids ...................................................................... 15

2.2

Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 1................................................................................ 16

2.3

Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 2................................................................................ 17

2.4

Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 3................................................................................ 18

2.5

Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 4................................................................................ 19

2.6

Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 5................................................................................ 20

2.7

Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 6................................................................................ 21

2.8

Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 7................................................................................ 22

2.9

Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 8................................................................................ 23

2.10 Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 9................................................................................ 24


2.11 Parameters used to for relative permeability curves calculation (kr1 to kr5) .............................. 26
2.12 Parameters used to for relative permeability curves calculation (kr6 to kr10) ............................ 26
2.13 Parameters used to for relative permeability curves calculation (kr11 to kr13) .......................... 27
3.1

Constants for Eq. 3.1 .................................................................................................................. 31

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

1.1. Research Problem


The concept of an Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR) has long been used to predict or estimate the
relationship between pressure drop in the reservoir (drawdown) and well flowrates (production). Such
relationships are used to monitor and optimize the producing life of a reservoir; and also for design
calculations such as estimating tubing sizes, positions of gas lift mandrels, downhole pumps, etc.
Engineers often make use of the IPR to understand the deliverability (or maximum productivity) of a
reservoir, as well as to identify and resolve problems which may arise from the exploitation of a field.
The IPR concept provides an engineer with the means to determine the performance of a given well by
relating inflow (flowrate) to the pressure condition in the well and reservoir at a given time. The most
common application of the IPR concept is to consider the effects of different operational conditions on the
pressure and flowrate profiles for a given well at conditions other than the initial condition.
The development of the IPR approach was initially empirical (Rawlins and Schellhardt 1935), but the IPR
can be defined using the simple "pseudosteady-state" flow relation which provides a direct relationship
between wellbore pressure and flowrate in the reservoir. The underlying relationship between wellbore
pressure and flowrate depends on the conditions e.g., for a "black oil" produced at pressures above the
bubble-point, the pseudosteady-state flow relation provides a linear relationship between pressure and the
oil flowrate. For the case of a dry gas produced at pressures below approximately 2000-3000 psia, there
exists a linear relationship between gas flowrate and the pressure-squared (i.e., p2). The IPR concept is
designed to relate three variables flowrate, flowing bottomhole pressure, and the average reservoir
pressure where each of these variables is evaluated at the same condition (i.e., time).
In this work we focus specifically on the development of IPR equations for solution-gas-drive reservoir
systems (i.e., cases where p < pb); and we assume that the IPR for this case can be represented using some
type of higher degree polynomial form. Such studies have been proposed by others (Vogel 1968,
Richardson and Shaw 1982) but in our work we focus on the correlation of the oil mobility function,
_________________________
This thesis follows the style and format of the SPE Journal.

as we can demonstrate that this is the key performance variable for solution-gas-drive reservoirs.
In this work we use a black oil reservoir simulator (CMG 2008) to generate an exhaustive number of
synthetic performance cases.

Using these synthetic results, we have created a correlation for the

dimensionless oil mobility (D,IPR) as a function of a dimensionless pressure (pD,IPR) and a unique
characteristic parameter (). We note that both D,IPR and pD,IPR are both defined using average reservoir
pressure, abandonment pressure, and the flowing bottomhole pressure. The characteristic parameter () is
then correlated with the following fluid and rock-fluid properties:
(PVT)
(PVT)
(PVT)
(PVT)
(Reservoir)
(Reservoir)
(Reservoir)
(Reservoir)
(Reservoir)
(Reservoir)

APIi = Initial Oil Gravity [Deg API]


GORi = Initial Gas-to-Oil Ratio [scf/STB]
Boi = Initial Oil Formation Volume Factor [RB/STB]
oi = Initial Oil Viscosity [cp]
= Initial Reservoir Pressure [psia]
pi
TRes = Reservoir Temperature [Deg F]
Soi = Initial (Average) Oil Saturation [fraction]
kro,end = Endpoint Oil Relative Permeability [fraction]
nCorey = Corey Relative Permeability Exponents [dimensionless]
oi = Oil Mobility at Initial Reservoir Pressure [md/cp]

Chapter I of this thesis presents a review of the previous work and theory surrounding IPR formulations.
Chapter II presents the methodology used to develop the all the output from reservoir simulation that was
required to develop the -parameter correlation. We present in this chapter all the data that was used as
well as the polynomial curves that were obtained to describe the oil mobility function.
Chapter III presents the development and validation of the -parameter correlation based on the results
from Chapter II. The detailed methodology and procedure used to analyze the oil mobility calculations
and results is also presented.
Chapter IV presents the summary, conclusions and recommendation for future work.
1.2. Review of Previous Work
1.2.1 IPR for Single-Phase Flow
The development of IPR for single-phase flow is reviewed as it provides the basis of the development of
an IPR for two-phase flow (in this case, the solution gas-drive system).

Beginning with the

"pseudosteady-state" flow equation for a single-phase black oil system (Economides, et al. 1994), we
have:

B
p pwf 141.2 o o
ko h

re 3
ln s qo (field units) ......................................................................(1.1)

rw 4

Consolidating terms in Eq. 1, we have:


p p wf b pss qo ....................................................................................................................................(1.2)

A more common form of Eq. 2 is written in terms of the "productivity index," Jo, is given as:
p pwf

1
qo ......................................................................................................................................(1.3)
Jo

Where Jo is defined in terms of reservoir and production variables (for this case) as:
Jo

b pss

B r 3
141.2 o o ln e s
ko h rw 4

.............................................................................................(1.4)

And the definition of Jo in terms of the flowrate, the flowing bottomhole pressure at the well, and the
average reservoir pressure is given by:
Jo

qo
.......................................................................................................................................(1.5)
( p pwf )

Solving Eq. 5 for the case where pwf=0; we define the maximum oil flowrate (qo,max) as:
qo, max Jo p ...........................................................................................................................................(1.6)

Solving Eq. 3 (or Eq. 5) for the oil flowrate (qo) at any time, we have:
qo Jo ( p pwf ) ....................................................................................................................................(1.7)

We now define the Inflow Performance Relationship (or IPR) as qo/qo,max substituting Eqs. 6 and 7 into
this definition (i.e., qo/qo,max), we obtain:
qo
qo, max

( p pwf )
p

p wf
p

..............................................................................................................(1.8)

Solving Eq. 3 (or Eq. 5) for the flowing bottomhole pressure at the well yields:
pwf p

1
qo ......................................................................................................................................(1.9)
Jo

We note that the relationship implied by Eq. 9 for a given average reservoir pressure is that of a linear
correlation between the flowing bottomhole pressure at the well (pwf), the oil flowrate (qo), and the
average reservoir pressure ( p ). This is the "liquid case" that Vogel (1968) considered as a limiting
scenario for the 2-phase (oil-gas) IPR function (see Fig. 1.1).

Figure 1.1 Straight-line IPR for single phase, liquid flow (i.e., the "black oil" case)
(Vogel 1968).

Figure 1.2 Mobility vs. pressure behavior for a solution-gas-drive reservoir


(Fetkovich 1973).

1.2.2 IPR for Two-Phase Flow

Del Castillo (2003) proposed the following relation as an approximate result for the case of oil flow in a
solution-gas-drive reservoir system: (pn is an arbitrary reference pressure)

1
qo Jo
2p

ko ko

o Bo
Bo p 0

ko

o Bo pn

2 )
( p 2 pwf
( p pwf ) ......................................(1.10)

ko

o Bo pn

ko

o Bo p 0

The underlying assumption for the result proposed by Del Castillo (2003) is the condition of a linear
relationship between mobility and pressure (Fetkovich 1973) where this condition is given in a
mathematical form as:
ko
a 2bp ...............................................................................................................................(1.11)

o Bo p

The linear mobility versus pressure condition proposed in Eq. 11 is illustrated in Fig. 1.2. As a comment,
it is interesting to observe that for the "single-phase" condition of a constant mobility (i.e., [ko/(oBo)] =
constant), Eq. 10 reverts to Eq. 7.
The semi-empirical definition of the IPR for solution-gas-drive reservoir systems was given by Vogel
(1968) as:
pwf
1 0.2
qo, max
p
qo

pwf

0.8

.................................................................................................(1.12)

Richardson and Shaw (1982) proposed a single-parameter () formulation of the IPR correlation this
formulation is given by:
2

pwf
pwf
1
...............................................................................................(1.13)
(1 )
qo, max
p
p
qo

It is also interesting to note that Eq. 13 can be derived from Eq. 10 (Del Castillo 2003), where we have

k
2 o
o Bo p 0

k
ko
o
o Bo

B
p 0 o o p

............................................................................................................(1.14)

At this point we can conclude that there is some analytical (or at least semi-analytical) basis for the Vogel
(quadratic) IPR concept (see Fig. 1.3).
Generalizing this pressure-dependent mobility concept further; Wiggins, et al. (1996) proposed a general
polynomial form for the oil mobility function which in turn led to the following form for the IPR
formulation:
pwf
1 a1
qo, max
p
qo

a2

pwf

pwf
a3

... ....................................................................(1.15)

Where the a1, a2, a3, ... an coefficients are determined using the mobility function and its derivatives all
taken at the average reservoir pressure ( p ). As comment, this approach is substantially limited by the
requirement that the mobility function and its derivatives be known with respect to p .
In addition to the various "polynomial" forms (i.e., the relationship of mobility as a function or pressure),
Fetkovich (1973) also provided the "pressured-squared" or "backpressure" form of the IPR; which is
given in the following form:

qo
1
qo, max

2
p wf
............................................................................................................................(1.16)

2
p

Eq. 16, with n=1; is shown as the "gas flow" curve on Fig. 1.3 (recall that the Vogel IPR (i.e., Eq. 12) is
shown as the "two-phase flow (reference curve)" in Fig. 1.3). The Fetkovich "backpressure" equation
(Eq. 16) has found considerable service as an IPR, but the "Vogel" (quadratic polynomial) form is
significantly more popular.

Figure 1.3 Dimensionless IPR schematic plot (Vogel 1968).


1.3. Present Status of the Problem

Camacho and Raghavan (1989) presented numerical simulation results for various depletion scenarios for
solution-gas-drive reservoirs and one of the major contributions of their work was to identify the
behavior of the mobility function as it relates to average reservoir pressure. Part of their motivation was
to demonstrate that the (Fetkovich 1973) assumption of a linear relationship of mobility with pressure is
incorrect (see Fig. 1.4).
Ilk, et al. (2007) proposed a "characteristic" formulation for the oil mobility profile based on the work by
Camacho and Raghavan (1989). Recasting the results of Camacho and Raghavan, Ilk, et al. defined a
"normalized" mobility function; where such a normalized mobility function would be 0 at t=0; and 1 at
t. This function is shown in Fig. 1.5. Ilk, et al. also provide a "correlating function" which is defined
by a single "characteristic" parameter (). Fig. 1.5 also shows the resulting comparison, and we note that
Ilk recast the Camacho and Raghavan formulation as 1 minus the normalized mobility function:

Figure 1.4 Normalized mobility function profiles as functions of normalized pressure


note that a straight-line assumption is only valid for very late depletion
stages (i.e., late times) (Camacho and Raghavan 1989).

Figure 1.5 Comparison between the Ilk, et al. (2007) characteristic mobility function
and mobility results of Camacho and Raghavan (1989) (Ilk, et al. 2007).

The "characteristic" formulation proposed by Ilk, et al. (2007) is given as:


2
3

[k o / ( o Bo )] p [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
p pabn
p pabn
p pabn
1
1
(
1

)
2
(
1

[k o / ( o Bo )] pi [k o / ( o Bo )] pabn
pi pabn
pi pabn
pi pabn

(where < 1) ...........................................................................................................................................(1.17)


From Eq. 1.17 it is apparent that the value of will vary between 0 and 1 (i.e., 0<<1) and perhaps not
as obvious, the -parameter will be correlated exclusively with reservoir and fluid properties. The
ultimate application of the results from this work is the estimation of the "IPR" (or Inflow Performance
Relationship) for various production scenarios. As an example, Ilk, et al. (2007) developed a quartic (4th
order polynomial) IPR using the cubic (3rd order polynomial) "characteristic" formulation for the mobility
function. This result is:
p
wf
1
qo, max
p

qo

p2
wf
p
p2

p3

p 2 wf
p3

p4

p 3 wf
p4

...................................................(1.18)

The , , , and variables are defined by the characteristic mobility function (details are given by Ilk, et
al. (2007)).
Based on the work of Camacho and Raghavan (1989), Ilk, et al. developed a concept-level validation
study using numerical simulation to establish the nature of the characteristic parameter (). Depletion
scenarios were created using constant rate, constant pressure and variable rate profiles. The Ilk, et al.
work demonstrated that it is possible to describe the mobility function and subsequently, to establish an
IPR for a solution-gas-drive reservoir directly from rock, fluid, and rock-fluid properties. The purpose of
this thesis is to refine the Ilk, et al. (2007) concept and to exhaustively validate the concept of a
dimensionless mobility-dimensionless pressure formulation that only requires a single correlation
parameter ().
1.4. Research Objectives

The overall objective of this work is to develop a correlation for the characteristic parameter, , as defined
by Eq. 1.17:

[ ko / ( o Bo )] p [ko / ( o Bo )] p abn
1
[ko / ( o Bo )] pi [ ko / ( o Bo )] p abn

2
3

p pabn
p pabn
p pabn
1

(
1

)
2
(
1

pi pabn
pi pabn
pi pabn

(where < 1) ...........................................................................................................................................(1.17)

10

The correlation will include the following rock-fluid and fluid thermodynamic properties:
= f(APIi, GORi, Boi, oi, pi, TRes, Soi, kro,end, nCorey, oi)

As a point of reference, such a correlation would validate the quartic "Vogel-form" IPR proposed for
solution-gas-drive reservoirs by Ilk, et al. (2007).
1.5. Thesis Outline

The thesis is outlined as follows:

Chapter I Introduction
Research Problem
Review of Previous Work
Present Status of the Problem
Research Objectives
Thesis Outline

Chapter II Model-Based Performance of Solution-Gas-Drive Reservoirs


Modeling Approach
Input Data Selection (Reservoir and Fluid Properties; Relative Permeability Curves)
Definition of the -Parameter (Eq. 1.17)

Chapter III Correlation of the Characteristic Behavior of Solution-Gas-Drive Reservoirs


Correlation of the -Parameter ( = f(APIi, GORi, Boi, oi, pi, TRes, Soi, kro,end, nCorey, oi)
Validation of the -Parameter Correlation

Chapter IV Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations


Summary
Conclusions
Recommendations for Future Research

Nomenclature
References
Appendices

11

CHAPTER II
MODEL-BASED PERFORMANCE OF SOLUTION-GAS-DRIVE RESERVOIRS

2.1. Modeling Approach

In this work we continue with the Ilk, et al. methodology as we seek to understand the characteristic
behavior of the solution-gas drive reservoir systems using reservoir simulation results at the wellbore and
average reservoir pressures. We adopt the universal correlating relation for the mobility function (Eq.
1.17) from Ilk, et al. which is based on a single parameter ().
Our procedure has the following steps:
Step 1: Establish the -parameter (i.e., the characteristic mobility parameter) for each case (i.e., each
reservoir simulation run).

We use regression and hand refinements to establish the best

practical (rather than statistical) fit of Eq. 1.17 for each case.
We also use the derivatives and integrals of the dimensionless mobility function as part of our
analysis and visualization process (for completeness, the derivative and integral formulations
are shown in Appendix C to N).
Step 2: Create a table of all cases where APIi, GORi, Boi, oi, pi, TRes, Soi, kro,end, nCorey, oi, and are
tabulated for each case. Obviously, only one or two parameters will be varied for a particular
case, but the table will be populated with all of the parameters for each individual case.
Step 3: Create a functional correlation for = f(APIi, GORi, Boi, oi, pi, TRes, Soi, kro,end, nCorey, oi).
Once established, the correlation model can be used in conjunction with Eq. 1.18 (i.e., the IPR model
which results from Eq. 1.17) to estimate IPR (rate and pressure) behavior at any depletion condition.
To establish the -parameter in Step 1, we utilize a commercial numerical reservoir simulator to generate
the results (i.e., pressures and flowrates) from which we estimate the -parameter. In our work we use a
solution-gas-drive (oil) model with radial coordinates (CMG 2008). We begin all simulation runs at a
uniform initial reservoir pressure where the initial reservoir pressure is equal to the bubble point
pressure (i.e., pi=pb). The simulation cases are run until maximum depletion is achieved (i.e., until the
simulator can no longer produce at a specified rate or pressure profile).

12

For each input data case we perform a simulation for 7 (seven) different production scenarios where
these production scenarios are:

Constant bottomhole pressure


Variable bottomhole pressure
Stepwise bottomhole pressure
Variable flowrate
Constant flowrate
Random flowrate
Hyperbolic flowrate

Our procedure for Step 1 (i.e., establishing the -parameter), we use the following subtasks on each
simulation:
Calculate and tabulate the oil mobility as a function of average reservoir pressure, including at initial
reservoir pressure, pi.
Estimate the "abandonment pressure" (pabn) (i.e., we define the "abandonment pressure" as the point
where the simulator no longer produces fluids for a given rate or pressure at a particular depletion
stage).
Estimate the oil mobility at the abandonment pressure.
Compute the dimensionless mobility and pressure functions as prescribed by Eq. 1.17.
Use the formulation given by Eq. 1.17 to estimate the -parameter for each simulation case using a
combination of regression methods and hand refinements.
Present the results of regression/hand refinement for each case on a suit of correlation plots.

Plot 1: Base Function


Plot 2: First Derivative Function
Plot 3: Second Derivative Function
Plot 4: Integral Function
Plot 5: Integral-Difference Function

Examples of the proposed plotting functions are illustrated in Figs. 2.6-2.10.


For Step 2 (i.e., establishing all the cases analyzed), we organize the input variables (i.e., APIi, GORi, Boi,

oi, pi, TRes, Soi, kro,end, nCorey, oi) and the output results (i.e., the estimated and the calculated properties
at pabn) for each case in a table format, where one or two parameters will be varied for a particular case.

13

The table will be composed of permutations of the following:


Input variables:
PVT case, kr case, simulation type, APIi, GORi, Boi, oi, pi, TRes, Soi, kro,end, nCorey, oi
Output variables (corresponding to each case):
pabn, Bo,abn, o,pabn, kro,pabn, o,abn, So,abn, Np/N,
A table with the proposed simulation matrix is provided in Appendix B.
As noted, in Step 2 our primary goal is to estimate the -parameter for each case. We estimate the parameter using Eq. 1.17 and graphically (not statistically) solve for the -parameter by a hand-guided
trial and error solution. This process is biased statistically, but in using this procedure we eliminate
spurious matches that could be achieved using an "automated" statistical regression approach. As noted,
the -values estimated in this fashion are included in Appendix B.
Finally, for Step 3 (i.e., creating a functional correlation for ), we attempt to define as a function of all
the input variables (i.e., only the rock and fluid properties), we then:
Propose a correlative relation for the -parameter (i.e., = f(APIi, GORi, Boi, oi, pi, TRes, Soi, kro,end,
nCorey, oi)) and we then calibrate this correlation using a regression procedure.
This research provides an exhaustive numerical simulation sensitivity study to assess the influence/impact
of the following variables on the behavior of a solution-gas-drive reservoir system:
Different PVT black-oil compositions/properties,
Different relative permeability curves (and mobility ratios), and
Different depletion scenarios (i.e., prescribed rate or pressure profiles).
The purpose of this exhaustive study is to provide a very large sample size from which we can develop a
viable correlation for the -parameter for various mobility and pressure profiles. A summary of all cases
generated in this work are provided in Appendix B, including the -parameter values obtained from a
"local" fit of Eq. 1.17 to each individual case.
2.2. Input Data Selection
2.2.1 Reservoir Fluid Properties

Reservoir fluid properties were calculated from Whitson and Brules SPE Monograph 20. Pressure,
volume and temperature (PVT) correlations were used for the calculation of all phase equilibrium and
thermodynamic properties. In Appendix P we reproduce all the PVT correlations used on this study.

14

The use of black oil correlations carries the following assumptions:


a. When brought to surface there is not retrograde condensations of liquid.
b. The reservoir oil consists of two surface components, stock tank oil and total separator gas.
c. Properties of the stock tank oil and surface gas do not change during depletion, meaning that the
composition of both phases remain fairly constant at reservoir conditions.
The literature shows different ranges of GOR that mark the end of black oil and the beginning of
retrograde condensate gas behavior, for this study we use McCain (1991) suggestions that black oil fluids
can be identified as those exhibiting an initial GOR < 2000 scf/STB and stock tank oil gravities < 45 API.
Other authors provides with values of initial GOR < 750 or <1000 scf/STB.
By implementing a black-oil approach we do not foresee compositional changes having an impact in the
modeling results for the GOR range studied.
2.1.2 Reservoir Model Characteristics and Assumptions

For this work a commercial reservoir simulator was used (CMG 2008). All cases were modeled with a
solution-gas-drive (oil) model with radial coordinates. The following assumptions were made:
The reservoir is cylindrical (radial system). The simulation grid is refined in the near-well region.
The reservoir has a uniform thickness of 15 ft.
The entire height of the reservoir is open for flow, there are no limited-entry effects.
The reservoir is closed, and is homogeneous with a single vertical well located in the center.
The reservoir rock is water wet.
The reservoir is at the bubble point pressure at initial conditions (i.e., single-phase oil initially).
The reservoir produces at isothermal conditions.
The water present in the reservoir is connate water water does not flow in these cases.
Gravity effects and capillarity pressures are not considered.
"Black-oil" correlations are used for solution gas-oil-ratio, viscosity and the formation volume
factors for both oil and gas. A review of all correlations used is given in Appendix P.
The reservoir permeability is isotropic (i.e., constant in all directions (x, y, z)).
For all cases, the reservoir permeability is 10 md with a rock porosity of 10 percent.
Non-Darcy effects (due to initial high gas (and or oil) flow) are not considered in this work.
The effect of a reduced permeability zone around the wellbore (near-well "skin") is not considered.

15

2.3 Fluid Selection and PVT Properties

For this study all fluid properties were created from black oil correlations. Several fluids were considered
for the development of all the numerical simulations that were analyzed. All fluids have a GOR, API and
reservoir temperature such that black oil behavior can be expected. Table 2.1 shows the initial values
used to create each fluid's PVT properties. A total of 9 fluids were created, the PVT's were numbered
from 1 to 9 i.e. PVT1, PVT2, etc:
Table 2.1 Stock tank properties for selected black oil fluids.

PVT Case
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

GORi
(scf/STB)
500
1000
1500
500
1000
1500
500
1000
1500

Reservoir
Temperature
(F)
200
200
200
250
250
250
150
150
150

Stock Tank
Oil Density
(API)
15
25
35
15
25
35
15
25
35

Gas Gravity
(g)
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65

The stock tank properties shown on Table 2.1 along with the reservoir temperature were used to generate
several PVT tables that were subsequently fed into a reservoir simulator for all our calculations. Note that
at this point in the study there has not been any benchmarking with real black oil PVT. It is estimated that
the use of real PVT data should not affect the outcome of this study; although it is recommended that
benchmarking and field validation be carried out. Tables 2.2 to Table 2.10 show all the PVT properties
that were generated for each PVT case; a graphical representation of the PVT data is also shown on Fig.
2.1 to Fig. 2.9:

16

Table 2.2 Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 1.


Pressure
(psia)
15
310
605
900
1195
1490
1785
2081
2376
2671
2966
3261
3556
3851
4146
4441

GOR
(scf/STB)
2
22
47
75
105
136
169
202
237
272
309
346
383
422
461
500

Bo
(RB/STB)
1.07
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.10
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.16
1.17
1.19
1.20
1.22
1.23
1.25
1.27

1/Bg
(scf/rcf)
4
92
188
288
391
496
603
708
811
909
1003
1090
1172
1251
1321
1386

(cp)
29.54
26.19
22.82
19.84
17.28
15.12
13.29
11.74
10.42
9.29
8.32
7.49
6.76
6.13
5.57
5.09

(cp)
1.33
1.36
1.39
1.44
1.50
1.56
1.64
1.72
1.81
1.90
1.99
2.09
2.18
2.28
2.37
2.46

Figure 2.1 Graphical representation of the calculated PVT properties for PVT Case 1.

17

Table 2.3 Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 2.


Pressure
(psia)
15
409
804
1198
1592
1987
2381
2775
3170
3564
3958
4352
4747
5141
5535
5930

GOR
(scf/STB)
2
43
93
149
208
271
336
403
472
543
616
690
766
843
921
1000

Bo
(RB/STB)
1.07
1.08
1.10
1.12
1.15
1.17
1.20
1.23
1.26
1.29
1.33
1.36
1.40
1.43
1.47
1.51

1/Bg
(scf/rcf)
4
124
256
393
534
675
810
944
1065
1176
1278
1369
1453
1528
1597
1660

(cp)
4.62
4.01
3.43
2.93
2.52
2.18
1.90
1.67
1.47
1.31
1.17
1.05
0.96
0.87
0.80
0.74

(cp)
1.33
1.37
1.42
1.50
1.59
1.69
1.80
1.93
2.06
2.18
2.31
2.43
2.55
2.67
2.78
2.89

Figure 2.2 Graphical representation of the calculated PVT properties for PVT Case 2.

18

Table 2.4 Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 3.


Pressure
(psia)
15
429
843
1258
1672
2086
2500
2914
3328
3742
4156
4570
4985
5399
5813
6227

GOR
(scf/STB)
3
64
139
222
312
405
503
604
708
815
924
1035
1149
1264
1381
1500

Bo
(RB/STB)
1.07
1.09
1.12
1.16
1.20
1.24
1.28
1.33
1.38
1.43
1.49
1.54
1.60
1.66
1.73
1.79

1/Bg
(scf/rcf)
4
131
269
413
562
711
853
988
1111
1223
1325
1416
1499
1574
1642
1704

(cp)
1.30
1.15
1.01
0.87
0.76
0.66
0.58
0.51
0.46
0.41
0.37
0.34
0.32
0.30
0.29
0.28

(cp)
1.33
1.37
1.43
1.51
1.61
1.72
1.84
1.97
2.11
2.24
2.37
2.50
2.62
2.74
2.86
2.97

Figure 2.3 Graphical representation of the calculated PVT properties for PVT Case 3.

19

Table 2.5 Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 4.


Pressure
(psia)
15
343
671
999
1327
1655
1983
2311
2639
2967
3295
3623
3951
4279
4607
4935

GOR
(scf/STB)
2
22
47
75
104
136
168
202
236
272
308
345
383
421
460
500

Bo
(RB/STB)
1.09
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.19
1.20
1.22
1.23
1.25
1.27
1.28
1.30

1/Bg
(scf/rcf)
4
95
193
293
396
499
603
704
803
895
986
1070
1149
1223
1292
1356

(cp)
9.58
8.74
7.86
7.05
6.33
5.70
5.14
4.65
4.22
3.84
3.51
3.22
2.95
2.72
2.51
2.33

(cp)
1.43
1.45
1.49
1.54
1.59
1.66
1.73
1.81
1.89
1.97
2.06
2.15
2.24
2.33
2.42
2.50

Figure 2.4 Graphical representation of the calculated PVT properties for PVT Case 4.

20

Table 2.6 Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 5.


Pressure
(psia)
15
453
891
1330
1768
2206
2644
3082
3520
3958
4397
4835
5273
5711
6149
6587

GOR
(scf/STB)
2
42
92
148
208
270
335
403
472
543
616
690
766
843
921
1000

Bo
(RB/STB)
1.10
1.11
1.13
1.15
1.18
1.20
1.23
1.26
1.29
1.33
1.36
1.40
1.43
1.47
1.51
1.55

1/Bg
(scf/rcf)
4
128
259
397
535
672
804
926
1044
1151
1248
1337
1417
1492
1561
1624

(cp)
2.35
2.11
1.86
1.64
1.45
1.29
1.14
1.02
0.92
0.83
0.75
0.68
0.63
0.58
0.53
0.50

(cp)
1.43
1.46
1.52
1.59
1.68
1.78
1.89
2.00
2.12
2.24
2.36
2.48
2.59
2.70
2.81
2.91

Figure 2.5 Graphical representation of the calculated PVT properties for PVT Case 5.

21

Table 2.7 Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 6.


Pressure
(psia)
15
475
935
1396
1856
2316
2776
3236
3696
4157
4617
5077
5537
5997
6457
6917

GOR
(scf/STB)
3
63
138
222
311
405
503
604
708
814
924
1035
1148
1264
1381
1500

Bo
(RB/STB)
1.10
1.12
1.15
1.19
1.23
1.27
1.32
1.36
1.41
1.47
1.52
1.58
1.64
1.70
1.77
1.83

1/Bg
(scf/rcf)
4
134
273
418
562
705
843
971
1088
1196
1294
1382
1463
1537
1605
1668

(cp)
0.76
0.70
0.63
0.56
0.50
0.45
0.40
0.36
0.32
0.30
0.27
0.25
0.24
0.22
0.22
0.21

(cp)
1.43
1.47
1.53
1.61
1.70
1.81
1.92
2.05
2.17
2.30
2.42
2.54
2.66
2.77
2.88
2.99

Figure 2.6 Graphical representation of the calculated PVT properties for PVT Case 6.

22

Table 2.8 Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 7.


Pressure
(psia)
15
281
546
812
1077
1343
1608
1874
2139
2405
2670
2936
3201
3467
3732
3998

GOR
(scf/STB)
2
22
48
75
105
136
169
202
237
272
309
346
383
422
461
500

Bo
(RB/STB)
1.04
1.05
1.06
1.07
1.08
1.09
1.10
1.11
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.17
1.18
1.20
1.22
1.23

1/Bg
(scf/rcf)
5
91
187
287
392
501
613
722
834
940
1041
1135
1223
1303
1378
1447

(cp)
105.81
90.77
76.29
64.02
53.93
45.72
39.02
33.54
29.02
25.28
22.15
19.51
17.28
15.38
13.75
12.35

(cp)
1.23
1.26
1.30
1.35
1.41
1.47
1.55
1.64
1.74
1.84
1.94
2.05
2.16
2.26
2.36
2.46

Figure 2. 7 Graphical representation of the calculated PVT properties for PVT Case 7.

23

Table 2.9 Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 8.


Pressure
(psia)
15
370
725
1080
1434
1789
2144
2499
2854
3208
3563
3918
4273
4628
4983
5337

GOR
(scf/STB)
3
43
93
149
208
271
336
403
473
544
616
690
766
843
921
1000

Bo
(RB/STB)
1.04
1.06
1.07
1.09
1.12
1.14
1.17
1.20
1.23
1.26
1.29
1.33
1.36
1.40
1.44
1.47

1/Bg
(scf/rcf)
5
123
254
394
540
690
836
976
1107
1225
1332
1427
1512
1589
1658
1721

(cp)
9.91
8.29
6.82
5.65
4.71
3.98
3.39
2.91
2.52
2.21
1.94
1.72
1.54
1.39
1.26
1.16

(cp)
1.23
1.27
1.33
1.41
1.50
1.61
1.74
1.88
2.02
2.16
2.30
2.44
2.57
2.69
2.81
2.93

Figure 2.8 Graphical representation of the calculated PVT properties for PVT Case 8.

24

Table 2.10
Pressure
(psia)
15
388
761
1133
1506
1878
2251
2624
2996
3369
3742
4114
4487
4860
5232
5605

GOR
(scf/STB)
4
64
140
223
312
406
504
605
709
815
924
1036
1149
1264
1381
1500

Calculated fluid properties for PVT Case 9.

Bo
(RB/STB)
1.04
1.06
1.09
1.13
1.16
1.21
1.25
1.30
1.35
1.40
1.45
1.51
1.57
1.63
1.69
1.75

1/Bg
(scf/rcf)
5
129
267
415
570
722
880
1024
1156
1275
1381
1476
1559
1635
1702
1764

(cp)
2.40
2.04
1.71
1.43
1.21
1.03
0.89
0.77
0.68
0.60
0.54
0.49
0.45
0.42
0.40
0.38

(cp)
1.23
1.27
1.34
1.42
1.52
1.64
1.78
1.92
2.07
2.22
2.37
2.51
2.64
2.77
2.89
3.01

Figure 2.9 Graphical representation of the calculated PVT properties for PVT Case 9.

25

2.4 Relative Permeability Curves

The Corey-Brookes [CMG (software)] model for relative permeability curves was used to generate 13 sets
of relative permeability curves. The variables to generate these curves included the initial water saturation
(Swi), the Corey exponent (nCorey) for all phases and; the end points. For all relative permeability curves it
is assumed that the gas critical saturation is zero (Sgc = 0).
The Corey-Brookes model is given by10:
S w S wcrit n w
.......................................................................................................... (2.1)
k rw k rwiro

1 S wcrit S oirw
S o S orw n ow
........................................................................................................ (2.2)
k row k rocw

1 S wcon S orw

n og
S l S org

....................................................................................................... .(2.3)
k rog k roqcg
1 S gcon S org

k rog k roqcl
1

ng

......................................................................................................... (2.4)
S gcrit S oirg

S g S gcrit

A total of 13 sets of relative permeability curves were generated using these formulas. For the purposes of
identification they are numbered 1 to 13 i.e. kr1, kr2, etc. The main group corresponds to kr1, kr2 and kr3
and; from these 3 sets all of the others were generated by varying either the Corey exponents or the end
points.
kr1, kr2 and kr3 correspond to the base case, the Corey exponent for all phases is equal to 3.
kr4 and kr5 are equivalent to kr1 and kr3 with a Corey oil exponent of 4 and all the remaining
exponents equal to 3.
kr6 to kr8 reproduce kr1, kr2 and kr3 with a Corey exponent of 2 for all phases.
kr9 to kr11 reproduce kr1, kr2 and kr3 with a Corey oil exponent of 4 for all phases.
kr12 and kr13 have the same Corey exponents as kr1, kr2 and kr3 but with either different end
points or initial saturations.
Table 2.11 to Table 2.13 shows a summary of the parameters employed to create each set of relative

permeability curves, sets are numbered 1 to 13 (i.e. kr1, kr2, etc):

26

Table 2.11 Parameters used to for relative permeability curves calculation (kr1 to kr5).
Parameter
Swcon
Swcrit
Soirw
Sorw
Soirg
Sorg
Sgcon
Sgcrit
krocw
krwiro
krgcl
krogcg
nw
now
nog
ng

kr1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
3
3
3
3

kr2
0.2
0.2
0.15
0.15
0.1
0.1
0
0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
3
3
3
3

kr3
0.4
0.4
0.25
0.25
0.15
0.15
0
0
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
3
3
3
3

kr4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
3
3
4
3

kr5
0.4
0.4
0.25
0.25
0.15
0.15
0
0
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
3
3
4
3

Table 2.12 Parameters used to for relative permeability curves calculation (kr6 to kr10).
Parameter
Swcon
Swcrit
Soirw
Sorw
Soirg
Sorg
Sgcon
Sgcrit
krocw
krwiro
krgcl
krogcg
nw
now
nog
ng

kr6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2

kr7
0.2
0.2
0.15
0.15
0.1
0.1
0
0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
2
2
2
2

kr8
0.4
0.4
0.25
0.25
0.15
0.15
0
0
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
2
2
2
2

kr9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
4
4
4
4

kr10
0.2
0.2
0.15
0.15
0.1
0.1
0
0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
4
4
4
4

27

Table 2.13 Parameters used to for relative permeability curves calculation (kr11 to kr13).
Parameter
Swcon
Swcrit
Soirw
Sorw
Soirg
Sorg
Sgcon
Sgcrit
krocw
krwiro
krgcl
krogcg
nw
now
nog
ng

kr11
0.4
0.4
0.25
0.25
0.15
0.15
0
0
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
4
4
4
4

kr12
0.1
0.1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
3
3
3
3

kr13
0.2
0.2
0.15
0.15
0.1
0.1
0
0
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
3
3
3
3

Fig. 2.10 to Fig. 2.16 show the graphical representation of each relative permeability set alongside with

the modify sets, the reduction on relative permeability due to the change of end point, Corey exponent,
etc, can be observed:

Figure 2.10 Relative permeability curves for kr1, kr6 and kr9 sets (kr1 = base case).

28

Figure 2.11 Relative permeability curves for kr2, kr7 and kr10 sets (kr2 = base case).

Figure 2.12 Relative permeability curves for kr3, kr8 and kr11 sets (kr3 = base case).

29

Figure 2.13 Relative permeability curves for kr1 and kr4 sets (kr1 = base case).

Figure 2.14 Relative permeability curves for kr3 and kr5 sets (kr3 = base case).

30

Figure 2.15 Relative permeability curves for kr12 set.

Figure 2.16 Relative permeability curves for kr13 set.

31

CHAPTER III
CORRELATION OF THE CHARACTERISTIC BEHAVIOR OF
SOLUTION-GAS-DRIVE RESERVOIRS

3.1. Correlation of the -parameter

Our correlation for the -parameter relation is "erf-based" and is given as:

erf 1 (GOR A1 API A2 T res A3 S oi A4 k rog A5 p i A6 B oi A7 oi A8 oi A9)

........................................(3.1)

n w A10 n ow A11 n og A12 n g A13

The coefficients for Eq. 3.1 are calibrated using a regression procedure and, are given in Table 3.1.

Coefficients
1

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6

Table 3.1 Constants for Eq. 3.1.


Value
Coefficients
4.9734
A7
2.0369
A8
-4.7583
A9
-0.3713
A10
0.3970
A11
0.0922
A12
-0.0053
A13

Value
4.0536
-0.0442
-0.1305
-0.0378
-0.0006
-0.1077
-0.0003

32

Figure 3.1 Computed -parameter versus measured -parameter (all data).

In Fig. 3.1 we present the "summary" correlation plot where the -parameter computed using the global
correlation is plotted versus the "base" or "measured" values of the -parameter as prescribed in Step 2.
The comparison shown in Fig. 3.1 suggests that we have achieved a fairly strong correlation of the parameter, with deviation from the perfect trend worsening as values of the -parameter increase.
3.2. Validation of the -parameter Correlation

A suit of correlation plots is proposed for the validation of the -parameter correlation. The proposed
plotting functions are illustrated for "Case 1" in Figs. 3.2-3.6. Fig. 3.2 is cast using the variables "1Normalized Mobility Function" and "Normalized Pressure Function" which are given in Eq. 1.17. The
use of these variable permits a "non-dimensional" view of the data and model functions. In Fig. 3.2 we
note the "local" best fit in red, and the global correlation fit in green for this particular case the model
matches are in very close agreement; suggesting that the "global" correlation represents this particular
case (i.e., combination of variables) quite well. Obviously, this case was selected for the clarity it
provides, but it can also be considered to be a "typical" case in this work.

33

In Fig. 3.3 we present the derivative of the "1-Normalized Mobility Function" with respect to
"Normalized Pressure Function" this plot would yield a constant trend for a linear mobility function; a
linear trend for a quadratic mobility function; and a quadratic trend for a cubic mobility function. The
data function in Fig. 8 suggests that a portion of the behavior is linear (hence, a quadratic mobility
function) and a portion is quadratic (hence, a linear mobility function) the model functions are clearly
quadratic (as the base mode is a cubic, this is expected). While the extreme ends of the data function are
not matched well, the overall trend is matched very well by the 2 (cubic) mobility models, and as noted for
the mobility model comparisons in Fig. 3.2, in Fig. 3.3 we note that the derivatives of the mobility model
comparison are also very consistent.
The "second derivative" of the mobility function with respect to normalized pressure is shown in Fig. 3.4,
and while there is a "mis-match" of sorts between the data and model functions, a somewhat linear trend is
evident (which would be the result of a cubic mobility function). In short, Fig. 3.4 validates our concept
that the mobility function (and its derivatives) can be represented by a cubic function. It is worth noting
that most of the cases in this work would have a similar overall comparison as to the one shown in Fig.
3.4.

In Fig. 3.5 we present the "integral function" for this case the "integral function" is the integral of the
"1-Normalized Mobility Function" taken with respect to the "Normalized Pressure Function," then
normalized by the "Normalized Pressure Function." This formulation gives a very smooth trend; and, in
the case of a polynomial model, this formulation yields the same functional form as the original model
(the "integral function" of a cubic relation is a cubic relation). In Fig. 3.5 we not the smoothness of the
data function (as predicted) and we note that the "local" fit (in red) and the correlation fit (in green) agree
very well with the data trend, with only a slight mis-match for the lowest values of the "Normalized
Pressure Function."
A final comparison, this time using the "integral-difference" function (which is analogous to the
derivative) is shown for this case in Fig. 3.6. The most distinctive aspect of Fig. 3.6 is that the match of
the data function and the models appears to be at least as good as that for the "integral function" shown in
Fig. 3.6. This suggests a unique match of the data and model for this particular data set.

In our opinion, our "Case 1" example has not only validated our procedure, but also validated the concept
that a cubic relationship exists between normalized mobility and normalized pressure (or more directly,
mobility and pressure). This is perhaps the most important observation in this work, as this observation
leads gives credence to our hypothesis that a universal correlation of mobility and pressure can be
achieved for the solution-gas-drive reservoir system and that such a correlation can be made using only
reservoir and fluid properties.

34

Figure 3.2 Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized
average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).

35

Figure 3.3 Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with
respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).

36

Figure 3.4 Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken
with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function)
plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case
1).

37

Figure 3.5 Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with respect to
the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted versus the
normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).

38

Figure 3.6 Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with
respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted versus
the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).

39

3.3. Effect of Input Variables on the -parameter Correlation

A set of plots was developed to graphically assess the effect of the input variables on the -parameter
calculations. Figures 3.7 to 3.11 present the correlated -parameter computed using the global correlation
versus the "base" or "measured" values of the -parameter as a function of a particular input variable (e.g.,
GOR, API, TRes, oi, nw, ng, and nCorey).
In Fig. 3.7 we present the variation of the -parameter as a function of specified ranges of the GOR and
API variables and we note that there is a slight increase in deviation from the perfect trend for the parameter, for > 0.6. This behavior could be attributed to a relatively smaller sample of data for these
ranges of the GOR and API variables, this is the most likely scenario.

Figure 3.7 Effect of the GOR and API on the computed -parameter.

40

In Fig. 3.8 we present the variation of the -parameter as a function of reservoir temperature (TRes) and,
as with the case of the GOR and API variables, we again note deviation from the perfect trend for the parameter, for > 0.6. We note that this deviation is somewhat independent of the reservoir temperature,
which again suggests that the deviation is probably due to a relatively smaller sample of data.

Figure 3.8 Effect of the reservoir temperature (TRes) on the computed -parameter.

41

In Fig. 3.9 we present the variation of the -parameter as a function of initial oil mobility (oi). The
influence of oi is very similar to that for TRes i.e., the outliers include data from each range of the oiparameter. This behavior (again) suggests that the deviation may be due to sample size.

Figure 3.9 Effect of the initial oil mobility (oi) on the computed -parameter.

42

In Fig. 3.10 we present the variation of the -parameter as a function of Corey exponents for the water and
gas relative permeabilities (nw and ng). The influence of nw and ng does not cause significant deviation
from the perfect trend, except for the case of nw=ng=2. For the case of nw=ng=2, there is systematic
deviation in the computed versus measured -parameter values.

It is our contention that this case

(nw=ng=2) is not necessarily unique, but most likely this deviation is caused by a low sample size for the
nw=ng=2 case.

Figure 3.10 Effect of the Corey exponents for the water and gas relative permeabilities (nw and ng) on the computed -parameter.

43

In Fig. 3.11 we present the final sensitivity case, where the variation of the -parameter is considered as a
function of the Corey exponents for the oil relative permeability held constant (nog=now).

The influence

of nog and now does not cause significant deviation from the perfect trend, similar to the cases where
nw=ng. Similar to the cases where nw=ng=2, for now=nog=2 there is (again) a systematic deviation in the
computed versus measured -parameter values. Similar to the nw=ng=2 cases, we also believe that the
influence exhibited by the now=nog=2 cases is due to the relatively small sample size.
The phenomena exhibited by the nw=ng=now=nog=2 cases is a point for future investigation.

Figure 3.11 Effect of the Corey exponents for the oil relative permeabilities (nog and
now) on the computed -parameter.

44

CHAPTER IV
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

4.1. Conclusions

The oil mobility profile can be uniquely approximated as a function of the correlating "-parameter,"
where the -parameter is a function of rock-fluid properties for p < pb.
The simulation results confirm that the mobility profile is independent of the depletion mechanism
for a given set of rock-fluid conditions.
The evaluation of the -parameter indicates a strong dependency on the Corey exponent (relative
permeability model).
The development of validation plots confirm the concept that a cubic relationship exists between
normalized mobility and normalized pressure (or more directly, mobility and pressure).
The established relationship between mobility and pressure indicate that a universal correlation of
mobility and pressure can be achieved for the solution-gas-drive reservoir system and that such a
correlation can be made using only reservoir and fluid properties.
The cubic polynomial based on the -parameter works well for all Corey exponent cases, except
nCorey=2.
4.2. Recommendations for Future Research

The cubic -parameter model should be tested to validate the quartic "Vogel-form" IPR proposed by
Ilk et al. (2007) (these 2 relations are interrelated).
The behavior of the -parameter with respect to the case of nCorey = 2 should be investigated further.
The behavior of the -parameter was NOT evaluated against the following factors:

skin effect
partial penetration
slanted/horizontal well
permeability anisotropy

A more extensive validation of the -parameter should be performed against these factors.

45

NOMENCLATURE

Variables
a

= Constant established from the presumed behavior of the mobility profile.

API = API density of the oil


b

= Constant established from the presumed behavior of the mobility profile.

bpss = Pseudosteady-state flow constant.


Bg

= Gas formation volume factor, RB/SCF

Bo

= Oil formation volume factor, RB/STB

Boi

= Initial Oil formation volume factor, RB/STB

= Temperature, degree Fahrenheit

GORi = Initial Gas to Oil ratio, SCF/STB


h

= Pay thickness, ft

Jo

= Productivity index, STB/D/PSI

= Absolute permeability, md

krocw = kro at connate Sw (Swcon)


krwiro = krw at irreducible So (Soirw)
krgcl = krg at connate Sl
krogcg = krog at connate Sg (Sgcon)
N

= Original oil-in-place, MMSTB

Np

= Cumulative oil production, STB

Np/N = Recovery, oil depletion ratio, fraction


nCorey= Corey exponent for relative permeability curves, dimensionless
nw

= Exponent for calculating krw from krwiro, dimensionless

now = Exponent for calculating krow from krocw, dimensionless


nog

= Exponent for calculating krog from krogcg, dimensionless

ng

= Exponent for calculating krg from krgcl, dimensionless

= Average reservoir pressure, psia

pabn = Abandonment pressure, psia


pbase = Base pressure, psia
pD,IPR = Dimensionless pressure
pn

= Reference pressure, psia

46

pi

= Initial reservoir pressure, psia

ppo

= Oil pseudopressure, psia

pwf

= Flowing bottomhole pressure, psia

qo

= Oil flowrate, STB/D

qoi

= Initial Oil flowrate, STB/D

qo,max = Maximum Oil flowrate, STB/D


Rso

= Solution gas-oil ratio, SCF/STB

re

= Outer reservoir radius, ft

rw

= Wellbore radius, ft

= Skin factor, dimensionless

Sg

= Gas saturation, dimensionless

So

= Oil saturation, dimensionless

Swcon = Endpoint Saturation: Connate Water


Swcrit = Endpoint Saturation: Critical Water
Soirw = Endpoint Saturation: Irreducible Oil (w/water)
Sorw = Endpoint Saturation: Residual Oil (w/water)
Soirg = Endpoint Saturation: Irreducible Oil (w/gas)
Sorg

= Endpoint Saturation: Residual Oil (w/gas)

Sgcon = Endpoint Saturation: Connate Gas


Sgcrit = Endpoint Saturation: Critical Gas
TRes = Reservoir temperature, Deg F
Greek Symbols

= Porosity, fraction

= General IPR "lump" parameter, dimensionless

= Linear IPR "lump" parameter, dimensionless

= General IPR "lump" parameter, dimensionless

= Mobility function, md/(cp-RB/STB)

D,IPR = Dimensionless oil mobility, dimensionless


g

= Gas viscosity, cp

= Oil viscosity, cp

= General IPR "lump" parameter, dimensionless

= General IPR "lump" parameter, dimensionless

= Characteristic mobility parameter, dimensionless

47

REFERENCES

Camacho-V, R.G. and Raghavan, R.: "Inflow Performance Relationships for Solution Gas-Drive
Reservoirs," JPT (May 1989) 541-550.
CMG (software) Version 2800.10.3118.22139, Computer Modeling Group Ltd, Canada (2008)
Del Castillo, Y.: "New Perspectives on Vogel-Type IPR Models for Gas Condensate and Solution
Gas-Drive Systems", M.S. Thesis, Texas A&M U., August 2003, College Station, TX.
Economides, M.J., Hill, A.D., Ehlig-Economides, C.: "Petroleum Production Systems". Prentice
Hall Petroleum Engineering Series (1994), 22-23.
Fetkovich, M.J.: "The Isochronal Testing of Oil Wells," paper SPE 4529 presented at the SPE
Annual Fall Meeting held in Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.A., 30 September 03 October 1973.
Rawlins, E.L. and Schellhardt, M.A.:

Backpressure Data on Natural Gas Wells and Their

Application to Production Practices, Monograph Series, USBM (1935) 7.


Richardson, J.M. and Shaw A.H: "Two-Rate IPR Testing A Practical Production Tool," JCPT,
(March-April 1982) 57-61.
Vogel, J. V.: "Inflow Performance Relationships for Solution-Gas Drive Wells," JPT (Jan. 1968)
83-92.
Wiggins, M.L., Russell, J.E., Jennings, J.W.: "Analytical Development of Vogel-Type Inflow
Performance Relationships," SPE Journal (December 1996) 355-362.

48

APPENDIX A
DEFINITION OF THE -CHARACTERISTIC FUNCTION (CUBIC MODEL)

In this Appendix we present an inventory of the relations for the "characteristic" (-parameter)
formulation proposed by Ilk, et al [2007] is given as:

[ k o / ( o Bo )] p [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
1
[k o / ( o Bo )] pi [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn

2
3

p pabn
p pabn
p pabn
(
1

)
2
(
1

pi pabn
pi pabn
pi pabn

(where < 1) ............................................................................................................................................(A-1)


Plotting Function (PF1): (base function)

[ k o / ( o Bo )] p [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
1
[ k o / ( o Bo )] pi [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn

p pabn
versus
..................................................................(A-2)

pi pabn

Plotting Function (PF2): (first derivative function)

[k o / ( o Bo )] p [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
d 1
[ko / ( o Bo )] pi [ko / ( o Bo )] p abn

p p
abn versus p pabn .........................................(A-3)
/d

p
p
abn
pi pabn
i

Plotting Function (PF3): (second derivative function)

[ k o / ( o Bo )] p [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn p pabn 2
p pabn
d 2 1
/d
versus
.....................................(A-4)
k

B
k

B
p
p

[
/
(
)]
[
/
(
)]
o
o o pi
o
o o p abn i
abn
pi pabn

Plotting Function (PF4): (integral function)


p norm

1
pnorm

[k o / ( o Bo )] p [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
1
[k o / ( o Bo )] pi [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn

p pabn
versus
..............................................(A-5)

pi pabn

Plotting Function (PF5): (integral-difference function)

[k o / ( o Bo )] p [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
1
[k o / ( o Bo )] pi [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
p norm

1
pnorm

[k o / ( o Bo )] p [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
1
[k o / ( o Bo )] pi [ k o / ( o Bo )] p abn

p pabn
versus

pi pabn

.............................(A-6)

49

APPENDIX B
NUMERICAL SIMULATION RESULTS USED TO CALIBRATE THE PARAMETER CORRELATION

In this Appendix we provide a summary of the numerical simulation results used to calibrate the parameter correlation. The input data parameters for this work are given in Table B-1 and the results of
this simulation study are provided in Table B-2. Our defining (or "local") model in a cubic form for the
-parameter is given as:

[k o / ( o Bo )] p [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
1
[k o / ( o Bo )] pi [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn

2
3

p pabn
p pabn
p pabn

(
1

)
2
(
1

)
1

pi pabn
pi pabn
pi pabn

(where < 1) ............................................................................................................................................(B-1)


We also develop an empirical correlation of for the -parameter, the form of this correlation is given by:

A
A
A
1(GOR A1 API A2 T res A3 S oi A4 k rog 5 pi 6 B oi A7 oi 8 oi A9)
erf
.....................................(B-2)
n w A10 now A11 nog A12 n g A13

The coefficients in Eq. B-2 are derived using the values given in the results table provided later in this
Appendix.
Table B-1 Input Parameters for the Numerical Simulation Study
GORi
(scf/STB)

APIi
(Deg API)

TRes
(Deg F)

Swi
(fraction)

Soi
(fraction)

kr, end
(dimensionless)

nCorey
(dimensionless)

500
1000
1500
-

15
25
35
-

150
200
250
-

0
0.1
0.2
0.4

1
0.9
0.8
0.6

0.7
0.8
0.9
1

2
3
4

Table B-2 Numerical Simulation Results used to Calibrate the -Parameter Correlation

Case
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26

PVT
Set
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

kr
Set
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3

Simulation
Type
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

15
4
10
12
36
15
30
8
12
15
2
4
10
12
36
15
30
8
12
8
15
2

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

TRes
o

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

oi

oi

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.475
0.481
0.473
0.474
0.475
0.475
0.475
0.479
0.484
0.482
0.474
0.449
0.471
0.446
0.447
0.445
0.449
0.445
0.448
0.445
0.454
0.454
0.447
0.445
0.412
0.408

( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

(cp)

(md/cp)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8

4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1

1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.2

50

Case
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56

PVT
Set
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

kr
Set
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

Simulation
Type
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

4
10
12
36
15
30
8
12
8
15
4
10
12
36
15
30
8
12
15
2
4
10
12
36
15
30

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.405
0.409
0.408
0.412
0.407
0.410
0.405
0.415
0.417
0.409
0.407
0.403
0.408
0.401
0.401
0.403
0.402
0.402
0.406
0.411
0.409
0.400
0.326
0.323
0.322
0.326
0.324
0.326
0.324
0.325

oi

51

Case
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86

PVT
Set
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

kr
Set
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
10

Simulation
Type
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9

4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

8
12
8
15
4
8
12
15
4
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
17
12
15

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.4

3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

0.322
0.330
0.330
0.325
0.323
0.597
0.594
0.595
0.595
0.603
0.595
0.632
0.629
0.630
0.636
0.631
0.562
0.555
0.561
0.557
0.559
0.565
0.561
0.366
0.378
0.366
0.369
0.393
0.381
0.326

oi

52

Case
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116

PVT
Set
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2

kr
Set
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
1
1
1

Simulation
Type
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0
0
0

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1
1
1

4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
4441
5930
5930
5930

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.5
1.5
1.5

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

4
17
10
12
15
4
17
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
10

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
1000
1000
1000

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
5.1
0.7
0.7
0.7

1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
9.0
9.0
9.0

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.327
0.327
0.344
0.327
0.345
0.325
0.283
0.281
0.283
0.289
0.283
0.296
0.282
0.471
0.469
0.469
0.476
0.471
0.482
0.468
0.448
0.443
0.446
0.449
0.446
0.457
0.447
0.403
0.402
0.397

oi

53

Case
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146

PVT
Set
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

kr
Set
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

Simulation
Type
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

12
23
15
20
8
12
15
4
10
12
23
15
20
8
12
8
15
2
4
10
12
23
15
20
-

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7

9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.400
0.396
0.396
0.396
0.400
0.406
0.406
0.400
0.362
0.356
0.355
0.355
0.355
0.355
0.355
0.355
0.363
0.364
0.355
0.357
0.317
0.310
0.309
0.309
0.309
0.310
0.309
0.310
0.316
0.317

oi

54

Case
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176

PVT
Set
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

kr
Set
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6

Simulation
Type
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0

0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1

0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1

5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

12
8
15
4
10
12
23
15
20
8
12
15
2
4
10
12
23
15
20
8
12
8
15
4
8
-

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7

7.2
7.2
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2

3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2

0.309
0.309
0.305
0.302
0.298
0.299
0.298
0.298
0.298
0.301
0.307
0.308
0.299
0.210
0.205
0.204
0.205
0.204
0.205
0.204
0.205
0.204
0.211
0.211
0.205
0.204
0.572
0.565
0.565
0.567

oi

55

Case
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206

PVT
Set
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

kr
Set
6
6
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11

Simulation
Type
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4

1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6

1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8

5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

12
15
4
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
17
8
12
15
4
17
10
12
15
4
17

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7

9.0
9.0
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
9.0
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
7.2
7.2
7.2

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

0.572
0.565
0.625
0.619
0.621
0.624
0.501
0.493
0.494
0.493
0.495
0.498
0.493
0.268
0.266
0.262
0.276
0.265
0.277
0.277
0.230
0.226
0.226
0.229
0.228
0.234
0.226
0.180
0.177
0.178

oi

56

Case
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236

PVT
Set
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

kr
Set
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2

Simulation
Type
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9

5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
5930
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
12
8
15
4
12
8
4
8

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
8.1
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.3
6.3
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
18.0

4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.179
0.179
0.186
0.178
0.403
0.395
0.395
0.397
0.398
0.406
0.395
0.362
0.354
0.355
0.356
0.357
0.365
0.355
0.416
0.412
0.413
0.409
0.416
0.415
0.356
0.346
0.345
0.346
0.362
0.346

oi

57

Case
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266

PVT
Set
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

kr
Set
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

Simulation
Type
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

8
15
2
4
12
8
4
8
8
15
4
12
8
8
15
2
4
12
8
4
8
4

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

18.0
18.0
18.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.354
0.354
0.348
0.292
0.282
0.281
0.282
0.281
0.282
0.281
0.289
0.289
0.281
0.285
0.279
0.277
0.318
0.278
0.286
0.285
0.180
0.174
0.173
0.174
0.173
0.173
0.173
0.179
0.179
0.174

oi

58

Case
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296

PVT
Set
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

kr
Set
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10

Simulation
Type
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9

6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

8
15
4
8
12
15
4
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
17
8
12
15
4
17
10

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

16.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
20.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
18.0

3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

0.173
0.649
0.636
0.636
0.638
0.641
0.636
0.725
0.716
0.718
0.720
0.716
0.527
0.516
0.517
0.516
0.519
0.521
0.517
0.249
0.243
0.241
0.248
0.244
0.255
0.246
0.200
0.196
0.196
0.197

oi

59

Case
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326

PVT
Set
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4

kr
Set
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
1
1
1
1
1
1

Simulation
Type
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
250
250
250
250
250
250

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1
1
1
1
1
1

6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
6227
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

12
15
4
17
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
12
16
8
-

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
500
500
500
500
500
500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
15
15
15
15
15
15

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3

18.0
18.0
18.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
16.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
18.0
14.0
14.0
14.0
14.0
14.0
14.0
14.0
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.197
0.202
0.196
0.155
0.151
0.152
0.152
0.152
0.157
0.152
0.415
0.405
0.405
0.407
0.408
0.415
0.405
0.356
0.345
0.345
0.346
0.349
0.356
0.346
0.497
0.508
0.525
0.494
0.502
0.500

oi

60

Case
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356

PVT
Set
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

kr
Set
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5

Simulation
Type
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250

0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.4
0.4
0.4

1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.6
0.6
0.6

1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8

4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

15
4
12
16
8
8
15
2
4
12
16
8
4
8
8
15
4
12
16
8
2
4
12

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3

3.3
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
2.6
2.6
2.6

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.500
0.466
0.461
0.460
0.460
0.463
0.461
0.467
0.468
0.430
0.427
0.422
0.423
0.424
0.422
0.425
0.422
0.429
0.430
0.422
0.416
0.423
0.419
0.412
0.419
0.419
0.420
0.334
0.330
0.331

oi

61

Case
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386

PVT
Set
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

kr
Set
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
10
10

Simulation
Type
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
STEPBHP
CONBHP
CRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9

4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

16
8
4
8
8
15
4
8
12
15
4
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
17

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

15
4

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3

2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.0
3.0

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4

0.332
0.330
0.333
0.330
0.338
0.339
0.330
0.628
0.622
0.623
0.624
0.628
0.623
0.663
0.658
0.659
0.663
0.659
0.587
0.580
0.582
0.581
0.581
0.582
0.381
0.397
0.378
0.381
0.334
0.332

oi

62

Case
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416

PVT
Set
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5

kr
Set
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
1
1
1
1
1

Simulation
Type
HYPRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0
0
0
0
0

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1
1
1
1
1

4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
4935
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587

1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

17
12
15
4
17
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
16
8
-

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
25
25
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.6
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.330
0.332
0.346
0.331
0.292
0.287
0.290
0.291
0.289
0.297
0.288
0.496
0.490
0.490
0.494
0.491
0.500
0.490
0.465
0.459
0.460
0.462
0.461
0.470
0.459
0.419
0.426
0.417
0.419
0.419

oi

63

Case
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446

PVT
Set
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

kr
Set
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5

Simulation
Type
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250

0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.4
0.4
0.4

1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.6
0.6
0.6

1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8

6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

15
4
12
16
8
8
15
2
4
12
16
8
4
8
8
15
4
12
16
8
15
2
4

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

13.0
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
10.4
10.4
10.4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.419
0.374
0.366
0.365
0.365
0.368
0.366
0.372
0.372
0.324
0.317
0.315
0.315
0.315
0.315
0.316
0.315
0.321
0.322
0.315
0.314
0.313
0.320
0.306
0.310
0.315
0.315
0.218
0.214
0.212

oi

64

Case
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476

PVT
Set
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

kr
Set
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9

Simulation
Type
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1

6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

12
16
8
4
8
8
15
4
8
12
15
4
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
17
8
-

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4

0.212
0.212
0.212
0.213
0.212
0.219
0.218
0.212
0.594
0.585
0.585
0.587
0.589
0.586
0.641
0.635
0.636
0.638
0.635
0.516
0.507
0.507
0.507
0.509
0.507
0.282
0.280
0.275
0.290
0.278

oi

65

Case
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506

PVT
Set
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6

kr
Set
9
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
1
1

Simulation
Type
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250

0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0
0

1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1

1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1
1

6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6587
6917
6917

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

15
4
17
10
12
15
4
17
10
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
6

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1500
1500

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.2
0.2

13.0
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
11.7
9.1
9.1
9.1
9.1
9.1
9.1
9.1
25.9
25.9

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.289
0.233
0.229
0.230
0.231
0.231
0.236
0.229
0.190
0.186
0.187
0.187
0.187
0.194
0.419
0.411
0.411
0.412
0.413
0.419
0.411
0.374
0.365
0.365
0.366
0.367
0.374
0.365
0.429
0.420

oi

66

Case
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536

PVT
Set
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

kr
Set
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

Simulation
Type
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

10
23
10
15
8
15
3
6
10
12
23
10
15
8
12
15
3
6
10
12
23
10
15
8
-

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.429
0.419
0.420
0.419
0.426
0.427
0.427
0.365
0.356
0.353
0.353
0.353
0.353
0.353
0.353
0.354
0.361
0.361
0.353
0.296
0.285
0.285
0.285
0.285
0.285
0.285
0.285
0.285
0.292
0.291

oi

67

Case
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566

PVT
Set
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

kr
Set
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6

Simulation
Type
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
CRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250

0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0

0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1

0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1

6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

12
8
15
6
10
12
23
10
15
8
12
15
3
6
10
12
23
10
15
8
12
8
4
12

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

20.7
20.7
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2

3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2

0.285
0.285
0.292
0.282
0.282
0.285
0.282
0.283
0.282
0.285
0.291
0.291
0.285
0.183
0.177
0.177
0.177
0.177
0.178
0.177
0.177
0.177
0.182
0.182
0.177
0.177
0.658
0.660
0.660
0.657

oi

68

Case
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596

PVT
Set
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

kr
Set
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12

Simulation
Type
CRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.1

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9

6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

4
12
4
13
12
15
4
17
8
12
15
4
17
10
12
15
4
17
10
12
15

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
25.9
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
20.7
23.3

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3

0.726
0.728
0.729
0.726
0.529
0.529
0.531
0.532
0.529
0.258
0.253
0.250
0.257
0.253
0.262
0.287
0.200
0.197
0.197
0.197
0.198
0.196
0.159
0.155
0.155
0.155
0.156
0.160
0.155
0.429

oi

69

Case
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626

PVT
Set
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7

kr
Set
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

Simulation
Type
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
250
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9

6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
6917
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

4
13
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
10
5
5
8
12
15
2
10
5
3
5
8
-

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4

23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
23.3
18.1
18.1
18.1
18.1
18.1
18.1
18.1
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.418
0.418
0.420
0.421
0.427
0.419
0.365
0.353
0.353
0.354
0.356
0.362
0.353
0.466
0.466
0.479
0.484
0.472
0.479
0.475
0.466
0.437
0.447
0.437
0.436
0.462
0.439
0.436
0.448
0.445

oi

70

Case
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656

PVT
Set
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7

kr
Set
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

Simulation
Type
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

12
15
1
2
10
2
5
3
5
8
12
15
10
5
5
8
12
15
1
2
10
2
5
3
5
8

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

Swi

Soi

kro,end

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4

0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.437
0.395
0.414
0.393
0.395
0.401
0.392
0.394
0.392
0.392
0.402
0.402
0.395
0.403
0.403
0.412
0.419
0.406
0.416
0.411
0.403
0.323
0.338
0.322
0.323
0.328
0.322
0.324
0.322
0.322

(psi)

Boi

(RB/STB)

oi

3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

pi

71

Case
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686

PVT
Set
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7

kr
Set
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10

Simulation
Type
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
STEPBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
STEPBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

12
15
4
8
12
15
4
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
17
12
15
4
17
-

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15

Swi

Soi

kro,end

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6

3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

4
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

0.330
0.329
0.323
0.562
0.560
0.562
0.562
0.571
0.562
0.590
0.589
0.590
0.598
0.590
0.530
0.525
0.530
0.528
0.527
0.537
0.530
0.381
0.394
0.381
0.393
0.382
0.329
0.333
0.329
0.336

(psi)

Boi

(RB/STB)

oi

3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

pi

72

Case
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716

PVT
Set
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

kr
Set
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Simulation
Type
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

12
15
4
17
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
10
10
5
8
-

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.329
0.278
0.279
0.278
0.294
0.280
0.300
0.278
0.456
0.458
0.456
0.469
0.459
0.475
0.456
0.434
0.432
0.434
0.445
0.434
0.453
0.434
0.392
0.390
0.388
0.387
0.409
0.389
0.397
0.397

(psi)

Boi

(RB/STB)

oi

3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
3998
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

pi

73

Case
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746

PVT
Set
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

kr
Set
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4

Simulation
Type
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1

5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

12
15
2
4
10
5
10
5
8
12
15
2
4
10
5
10
5
8
12
5
15
4
10
10
5
8

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

5.9
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.387
0.354
0.356
0.348
0.348
0.350
0.348
0.350
0.348
0.357
0.358
0.349
0.311
0.303
0.302
0.303
0.302
0.303
0.302
0.302
0.311
0.313
0.304
0.303
0.300
0.297
0.295
0.296
0.307
0.297

oi

74

Case
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776

PVT
Set
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

kr
Set
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
8

Simulation
Type
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0
0
0
0
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4

1
1
1
1
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6

1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8

5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

10
12
15
2
4
10
5
10
5
6
8
10
12
5
15
4
8
12
15
4
12
15

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
4.7

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

0.305
0.305
0.295
0.295
0.207
0.201
0.201
0.202
0.201
0.202
0.201
0.201
0.201
0.209
0.209
0.203
0.203
0.201
0.550
0.544
0.545
0.547
0.553
0.545
0.603
0.598
0.599
0.604
0.599
0.484

oi

75

Case
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806

PVT
Set
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

kr
Set
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12

Simulation
Type
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9
0.9
0.9

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9

5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

4
13
10
12
15
4
17
8
12
15
4
17
10
12
15
4
17
10
12
15
4
13

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.9
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
4.7
5.3
5.3
5.3

2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3

0.477
0.478
0.477
0.479
0.484
0.478
0.261
0.259
0.256
0.268
0.259
0.272
0.258
0.226
0.224
0.224
0.227
0.225
0.234
0.223
0.172
0.169
0.171
0.171
0.171
0.180
0.171
0.391
0.385
0.385

oi

76

Case
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836

PVT
Set
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9

kr
Set
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

Simulation
Type
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9

5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5337
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

10
12
15
4
13
10
12
15
4
10
12
8
6
8
10
12
15
2
4
10
12
8
4
6

1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

5.3
5.3
5.3
5.3
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.387
0.388
0.398
0.385
0.354
0.347
0.348
0.350
0.350
0.360
0.349
0.408
0.402
0.401
0.400
0.437
0.407
0.401
0.409
0.409
0.399
0.399
0.352
0.350
0.343
0.342
0.342
0.342
0.347
0.343

oi

77

Case
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866

PVT
Set
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9

kr
Set
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

Simulation
Type
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

8
10
12
8
15
2
4
10
12
8
4
6
8
10
12
5
8
15
4
10
12
8
6
8
-

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.343
0.352
0.352
0.343
0.343
0.343
0.290
0.281
0.281
0.281
0.281
0.281
0.281
0.281
0.281
0.288
0.288
0.281
0.281
0.281
0.281
0.283
0.276
0.275
0.275
0.277
0.279
0.276
0.285
0.285

oi

78

Case
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896

PVT
Set
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9

kr
Set
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
8

Simulation
Type
VARRATE
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
CRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
VARRATE
VARRATE
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0
0
0
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4

1
1
1
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6

1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8

5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

10
12
8
15
2
4
10
12
8
4
6
8
10
12
5
8
15
4
8
12
15
4
12
15

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

14.9
14.9
14.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
11.9

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

0.275
0.275
0.300
0.178
0.172
0.172
0.172
0.172
0.172
0.172
0.172
0.172
0.178
0.178
0.172
0.172
0.172
0.172
0.627
0.618
0.619
0.621
0.626
0.618
0.710
0.702
0.704
0.707
0.702
0.515

oi

79

Case
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926

PVT
Set
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9

kr
Set
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12

Simulation
Type
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.9
0.9
0.9

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9

5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

4
13
10
12
15
4
17
8
12
15
4
17
10
12
15
4
17
10
12
15
4
13

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
14.9
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
11.9
13.4
13.4
13.4

2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3

2
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
3

0.505
0.506
0.505
0.507
0.511
0.505
0.246
0.240
0.239
0.244
0.242
0.253
0.240
0.201
0.197
0.197
0.198
0.198
0.204
0.197
0.154
0.150
0.151
0.151
0.151
0.157
0.151
0.407
0.398
0.398

oi

80

Case
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937

PVT
Set
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9

kr
Set
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
13

Simulation
Type
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE
CONBHP
CRATE
HYPRATE
RANDRATE
STEPBHP
VARBHP
VARRATE

qoi

GORi

APIi

TRes
( F)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(frac.)

(psi)

(RB/STB)

150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7

5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605
5605

1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8

(STBD)

(scf/STB)

(API)

10
12
15
4
13
10
12

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500

35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35
35

Swi

Soi

kro,end

pi

Boi

(cp)

oi

(md/cp)

nw

nw

ng

ng

(Eq. B-1)

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

13.4
13.4
13.4
13.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4
10.4

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

0.399
0.401
0.409
0.398
0.352
0.342
0.342
0.343
0.346
0.354
0.343

oi

81

82

APPENDIX C
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 1)

Figure C.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).

83

Figure C.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).

84

Figure C.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 1).

85

Figure C.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 1).

86

Figure C.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 1).

87

APPENDIX D
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 62)

Figure D.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 62).

88

Figure D.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 62).

89

Figure D.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 62).

90

Figure D.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 62).

91

Figure D.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 62).

92

APPENDIX E
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 80)

Figure E.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 80).

93

Figure E.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 80).

94

Figure E.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 80).

95

Figure E.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 80).

96

Figure E.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 80).

97

APPENDIX F
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 114)

Figure F.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 114).

98

Figure F.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 114).

99

Figure F.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 114).

100

Figure F.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 114).

101

Figure F.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 114).

102

APPENDIX G
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 173)

Figure G.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 173).

103

Figure G.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 173).

104

Figure G.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 173).

105

Figure G.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 173).

106

Figure G.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 173).

107

APPENDIX H
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 190)

Figure H.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 190).

108

Figure H.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 190).

109

Figure H.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 190).

110

Figure H.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 190).

111

Figure H.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 190).

112

APPENDIX I
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 505)

Figure I.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 505).

113

Figure I.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 505).

114

Figure I.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 505).

115

Figure I.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 505).

116

Figure I.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 505).

117

APPENDIX J
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 563)

Figure J.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 563).

118

Figure J.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 563).

119

Figure J.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 563).

120

Figure J.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 563).

121

Figure J.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 563).

122

APPENDIX K
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 576)

Figure K.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 576).

123

Figure K.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 576).

124

Figure K.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 576).

125

Figure K.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 576).

126

Figure K.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 576).

127

APPENDIX L
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 610)

Figure L.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 610).

128

Figure L.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 610).

129

Figure L.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 610).

130

Figure L.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 610).

131

Figure L.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 610).

132

APPENDIX M
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 660)

Figure M.1 Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized
average reservoir pressure function (Case 660).

133

Figure M.2 Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with
respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 660).

134

Figure M.3 Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 660).

135

Figure M.4 Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with
respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 660).

136

Figure M.5 Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 660).

137

APPENDIX N
CORRELATION PLOTS FOR THE CUBIC MODEL (CASE 678)

Figure N.1

Normalized oil-phase mobility function plotted versus the normalized


average reservoir pressure function (Case 678).

138

Figure N.2

Derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 678).

139

Figure N.3

Second derivative of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 678).

140

Figure N.4

Integral of the normalized oil-phase mobility function (taken with


respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure function) plotted
versus the normalized average reservoir pressure function (Case 678).

141

Figure N.5

Integral difference of the normalized oil-phase mobility function


(taken with respect to the normalized average reservoir pressure
function) plotted versus the normalized average reservoir pressure
function (Case 678).

142

APPENDIX O
DERIVATION OF THE QUARTIC INFLOW PERFORMANCE
RELATIONSHIP (IPR) FOR SOLUTION GAS-DRIVE RESERVOIRS USING
THE PROPOSED CUBIC MODEL FOR THE OIL MOBILITY FUNCTION
In this Appendix we show that a quartic inflow performance relationship (IPR) can be developed based on
the pseudosteady-state flow equation for a single well in a solution gas-drive reservoir (based on the oilphase pseudopressure formulation) and using the proposed cubic model for the mobility of the oil phase.
Elements of this derivation were taken from the work by Del Castillo [Del Castillo (2003)], where Del
Castillo considered the case of gas condensate reservoirs but used the Vogel type IPR form as a
starting point. Ilk et al [2007] also present the development of the IPR relations using linear, quadratic,
and cubic models for the mobility function.
The oil-phase pseudo-pressure for a single well in a solution gas-drive reservoir is given as:
p
B
ko
p po ( p ) o o

dp .......................................................................................... (O-1)
k o pn pbase o Bo

The pseudosteady-state flow equation for the oil-phase in a solution gas-drive reservoir is given by:
p po ( p ) p po ( p wf ) q o b pss ........................................................................................................... (O-2)

Where the pseudo steady-state constant (bpss) is given by:


B
1 re 3
b pss 141.2 o o
ln s ..................................................................................... (O-3)
k o pn h rw 4

For the solution gas drive case, we propose the following cubic equation for the oil mobility function:
ko
2
3

f ( p ) a 2bp 3cp 4dp ...................................................................................... (O-4)


o Bo p

143

Substituting Equation O-4 in Eq. O-1 and completing the integration we obtain the following:
B
2
3
4
p po ( p ) o o [(ap bp 2 cp 3 dp 4 ) (apbase bpbase
cpbase
dpbase
)] ....................... (O-5)
ko pn

We can solve for the oil rate (qo) in Eq O-2:


qo

1
b pss

( p po ( p ) p po ( p wf )) ...................................................................................................... (O-6)

We can use Equation O-6 to solve for the maximum oil rate case (i.e., pwf = 0)
q o,max

1
b pss

( p po ( p ) p po ( p wf 0)) ......................................................................................... (O-7)

By dividing Eq. O-6 by Eq. O-7 we obtain the generalized definition of the "IPR"-type formulation (i.e.,
qo/qo,max) this formulation is given as:
qo
qo,max

p po ( p ) p po ( p wf )
p po ( p ) p po ( p wf 0)

.................................................................................................... (O-8)

Substituting Eq. O-5 into Eq. O-8, we can develop equations O-9 to O-13:
A (ap bp 2 cp 3 dp 4 ) ............................................................................................................... (O-9)
2
3
4
B (apbase bpbase
cpbase
dpbase
) ........................................................................................... (O-10)
2
3
4
C (ap wf bpwf
cpwf
dpwf
) ................................................................................................... (O-11)

D (a(0) b(0) c (0) d (0)) ........................................................................................................ (O-12)

qo
[ A B] [C B]

............................................................................................................. (O-13)
qo, max [ A B] [ D B]
Recalling the generalized definition of the "IPR"-type formulation (qo/qo,max) for the oil pseudopressure,
Eq. O-2, and canceling like terms, we obtain:
qo
qo, max

2
3
4
cpwf
dpwf
(ap bp 2 cp 3 dp 4 ) (apwf bpwf
)

(ap bp 2 cp 3 dp 4 )

................................................. (O-14)

144

Dividing through Eq. O-10 by (ap bp 2 cp 3 dp 4 ) gives us the following result:


qo
qo, max

2
bpwf

(ap bp 2 cp 3 dp 4 ) (ap bp 2 cp 3 dp 4 )

apwf

3
cpwf

(ap bp 2 cp 3 dp 4 )

4
dpwf

...................................................... (O-15)

(ap bp 2 cp 3 dp 4 )

Writing Eq. O-15 in terms of the "IPR" variable ( pwf / p ), we have:


qo
qo, max

2
pwf
pwf
1
1

2
b
c
d
a 1
c
d
(1 p p 2 p 3 ) p (
1 p p 2 ) p
a
a
a
b p
b
b

4
pwf

( a 1 b 1 c 1 1) p 4

d p3 d p 2 d p

3
pwf
1

3
a 1 b 1
d
(

1 p ) p
2
c p
c p
c

.......................... (O-16)

At this point we define the following parameters; = b/a, = c/a, = d/a, / = c/b, /= d/b, /= d/c
and Eq. O-16 can be written in terms of these parameters as:
qo
qo, max

2
pwf
pwf
1

(1 p p 2 p 3 ) p ( 1 1 1 p p 2 ) p 2
p

3
pwf
1

3
1

1 1
(

1 p ) p
2
p
p

4
pwf

( 1 1 1 1 1) p 4

p3 p 2 p

........................ (O-17)

Upon algebraic manipulation, Eq. O-17 can be written as:


qo
qo, max

2
pwf
pwf
p

(1 p p 2 p 3 ) p (1 p p 2 p 3 ) p 2
................................ (O-18)
3
4
2
3

p
p
p
p
wf
wf

2
3 3
2
3 4
(1 p p p ) p (1 p p p ) p

145

We define the "lumped parameter," , for this case as:

1
2

(1 p p p )

or

1
............................................................... (O-19)
b
c
d
(1 p p 2 p 3 )
a
a
a

Inserting the "lumped parameter," , in Eq. O-19:


2
pwf
pwf
1
p 2
qo, max
p
p

qo

p3
p 2 wf

p3

p4
p 3 wf

p4

............................................... (O-20)

In Eq. O-20, the , , and terms are defined as the parameters that contain the characteristic mobility
function.
For reference we present the characteristic model for the oil mobility function according to our normalized
variables as:
2
3

[k o / ( o Bo )] p [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
p pabn
p pabn
p pabn
1
1
(1 )
2(1 )

[k o / ( o Bo )] pi [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn
pi pabn
pi pabn
pi pabn
.............................................................................................................................................................. (O-21)

We note that 1 . We rearrange Eq. O-21 (i.e. the characteristic model) in terms of the oil mobility
function evaluated at any average reservoir pressure as:
f ( p ) f ( pabn )

f ( pi ) f ( pabn )
f ( pi ) f ( pabn )
( p pabn )
(1 )( p pabn ) 2
pi pabn
( pi pabn ) 2

f ( pi ) f ( pabn )
( pi pabn ) 3

2(1 )( p pabn ) 3

where the following relationships are established:


f ( p ) [k o / ( o Bo )] p ,
f ( pi ) [k o / ( o Bo )] pi ,
f ( pabn ) [k o / ( o Bo )] p abn

.................... (O-22)

146

Recalling the "general" cubic model to represent the oil-phase mobility function which is given in Eq. O-4
as:
f ( p pabn ) a 2b( p pabn ) 3c( p pabn ) 2 4d ( p pabn )3 ................................................. (O-23)

Eq. O-19 implies that the parameter a in Eq. O-4 (i.e., the intercept where average reservoir pressure is
equal to zero) will be equal to the value of the oil mobility at the abandonment pressure for our purposes.
Referring to the proposed characteristic model for the oil mobility function, the parameters in Eq. O-1
correspond to the following:
a f ( p abn )
b

f ( pi ) f ( p abn )

2( pi p abn )

f ( pi ) f ( p abn )

f ( pi ) f ( p abn )

3( pi p abn )

4( pi p abn ) 3

( 1) ............................................................................................................. (O-24)
2(1 )

Combining the previous definitions of, = b/a, = c/a, = d/a, / = c/b, / = d/b and / = d/c, with
the parameters given in Eq. O-24, we have:

[ f ( pi ) f ( pabn )]

2( pi pabn )
f ( pabn )
[ f ( pi ) f ( pabn )]
3( pi pabn )

( 1)
f ( pabn )

[ f ( pi ) f ( pabn )] 2(1 )

4( pi pabn ) 3 f ( pi )

/
/
/

2 ( 1)
1
3 ( pi pabn )
(1 )
1

..............................................................................................................(O-25)

( pi pabn ) 2

1
3
2 ( pi pabn )

Finally, substituting the obtained values above (Eq. O-25) in the quartic "IPR" relation (Eq. O-20), we
have the final form of the "IPR" equation in terms of the characteristic parameter, initial pressure,
abandonment pressure and the average reservoir pressure.

147

APPENDIX P
GAS AND OIL PVT CORRELATIONS
P.1 Overview

This Appendix covers the thermodynamic properties of oil and gas as well as a set of correlations that
were used to calculate such properties. The following table summarizes the fluid property correlation
used in the simulation runs:
Table P.1 Summary Oil and Gas Property Correlations
Property
Saturation Pressure (pb)
GOR at pb (Rs)
Oil FVF (Bo)
Dead Oil Viscosity (od)
Bubble-point Viscosity (ob)
Gas Viscosity (g)
Gas FVF (Bg)
z-factor (z)

Correlation
Standing
Standing
Standing
Beal-Standing
Standing
Lee-Gonzalez
Equation of State
Hall-Yarborough

For all our calculations we choose specific parameters in order to create a range of data that would be
representative of different crude types. These parameters are: API, initial GOR, reservoir temperature and
gas gravity.
P.2 Saturation (Bubble-Point) Pressure

We utilize the Standing correlation to calculate the saturation pressure. Standing correlation is given as:
pb 18.2( A 1.4) ............................................................................................................................... (P-1)

where A can be defined as follows:


R
A s
g

0.83

10(0.00091T 0.0125 API ) ................................................................................................. (P-2)

In Eq. P-2 Rs is given in scf/STB, T in F and pb in psia.

148

P.3 Oil Formation Volume Factor

We also utilize the Standing Correlation to calculate the oil formation volume factor below the bubble
point pressure (Bob=f(p)). This correlation is given as:
Bob 0.9759 (12 x 10 5 ) A1.2 ........................................................................................................... (P-3)

where A can be defined as follows:



A Rs o
g

0.5

1.25T ...................................................................................................................... (P-4)

P.4 Dead Oil Viscosity (od)

Dead oil viscosities are calculated with the Beal-Standing correlation. This correlation states that:

od 0.32

1.8 x107 360

A ................................................................................................. (P-5)
4.53
API
T 200

where A is given as:


A 10[0.43 (8.33 / API )] ...................................................................................................................... (P-6)

P.5 Saturation (Bubble-point) Viscosity

Saturated oil viscosities were calculated with the Chew and Conally correlation:

ob A1 ( od ) A2 ................................................................................................................................ (P-7)
where A1 and A2 parameters are described by Standing's best fit equation to Chew and Conally's data:
A1 10 (7.4 x10

4 ) R ( 2.2 x10 7 ) R 2
s
s

0.68

A2
10

(8.62 x10 5 ) Rs

..................................................................................................... (P-8)

0.25

10

(1.1x10 3 ) Rs

0.062
10 (3.74 x10

5 ) R

................................................................. (P-9)
s

149

P.6 Gas Viscosity (g)

The Lee-Gonzales correlation for gas viscosity is given by:

g A1x10 4 exp[ A2 gA3 ] ............................................................................................................... (P-10)


where A1, A2 and A3 parameters are given as:

A1

(9.379 0.01607 M g ) T 1.5


209.2 19.6 M g T

A2 3.448

....................................................................................................... (P-11)

986.4
0.01009 M g .................................................................................................... (P-12)
T

A3 2.447 0.2224 A2 ..................................................................................................................... (P-13)

Where Mg is defined as:


M g 28.97 g .................................................................................................................................. (P-14)

For the Lee-Gonzalez correlation we have g in cp, g in g/cm3 and T in oR.


P.7 Gas Formation Volume Factor (Bg) and z-factor:

From the real-gas law that includes the z-factor definition, it is possible to determine that the gas
formation volume factor is given by:
Bg 0.02827

zT
.............................................................................................................................. (P-15)
p

with T in oR and p are given in psia.


For the z-factor, Hall and Yarborough presented an accurate representation of the Standing-Katz chart.
This calculation requires a Newton-Raphson convergence scheme to solve for the z-factor. The following
set of equations summarizes Hall and Yarborough's proposed correlation:

p pr
y

......................................................................................................................................... (P-16)

150

0.06125t exp[1.2(1 t ) 2 ] .......................................................................................................... (P-17)


and t is given by:
t

1
............................................................................................................................................... (P-18)
Tr

The y-parameter (y represents the product of a van der Waals co-volume and density) can be obtained by a
Newton-Raphson calculation:

f ( y ) 0 p pr

y y 2 y3 y 4
(1 y )

(14.76t 9.75t 2 4.58t 3 ) y 2

(90.7t 242.2t 2 42.4t 3 ) y ( 2.18 2.82t )

........................................................................................................................................................... (P-19)
with df(y)/dy being:
df ( y ) 1 4 y 4 y 2 4 y 3 y 4
(29.52t 19.52t 2 9.16t 3 ) y

dy
(1 y ) 4
(2.18 2.82t ) (90.7t 242.2t 2 42.4t 3 ) y ( 2.18 2.82t )

........................................................................................................................................................... (P-20)

References:

1.

Whitson, G.H and Brule, M.R.: "Phase Behavior", SPE (2000), 18-25

151

VITA
Name:

Mara Alejandra Nass

Address:

Harold Vance Department of Petroleum Engineering


Texas A&M University
3116 TAMU - 507 Richardson Building
College Station, TX 77843

E-mail Address:

maria_nass@hotmail.com

Education:

Universidad Metropolitana, Caracas, Venezuela


B.S. Chemical Engineering
October 1999
Ecole Nationale Suprieure du Ptrole et des Moteurs (ENSPM),
Rueil- Malmaison, France
M.S. Petroleum Engineering and Project Development
Diplme d'Ingnieur
October 2001
Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA
M.S. Petroleum Engineering
May 2010

Affiliations:

Society of Petroleum Engineers