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a a T h e m o s tc o m m o nk i n d so f s i m p l em a c h i n e s r e l e v e r s n d g e a r s ' u s e dt o m o v e t h i n g sw i t h l e 5 5g f f o r to r e n e r g y L e v e r sa r e r o d s o r b a r s part Youpushone end to exerta forceat the otherend of the levercr another b cyclebrakes Pianos. are openers levers. and nutcrackers bottle of it. Pliers, a t d e p e n do n l e v e r s o o p e r a t eS p a n n e r s n d s c r e w d r l v e r s andexcavators that movein a circle. are levers : of A g e a ri s a m o d i f i c a t i o n t h e w h e e la n d a x l e l t h a st e e t ha r o " r n d i t , e L i k ea l l s - i m p lm a c h i n e sg e a r sm a y c h a n g e h e d i r e c t i o nn w h i c ha f o r c e o t h e d i s t a n c e v e rw h i c ha f o r c e a o i s a p p l i e do r i n c r e a s e r r e d u c e f o r c eo r ; gears, spurgears' meshed of Someexamples gearsaregeartrain, is apptieO. bevelgearsand brassgears. w t g C a r a n d b i c y c l e e a r sc o n t a i n o o t h e d h e e l st h a t m e s ht o g e t h e r y a s T b y a c h a i n . h e g e a r i n g y s t e mo f a b i c y c l e l l o w s o u or areconnected t o r i d eu p t h e h i l lm o r ee a s i l Y .
I'ibrary of Science,2002) (Adapted Ox.ford from: TheYoung

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S c i e n t i s ta n de n g i n e e ra r ed e v e l o p i na l t e r n a t i vse u r c e s f e n e r g y . s s g o o S o m eo f t h e s es o u r c e s r eh y d r o e l e c t r i ci,n d ,n u ce a T n dg e o t h e r m a l . a w a In the generation hydroelectricity, of wateris collected storedbehind or d a m sw h i c ha r e m o s t l yb u i l ta t g r e a th e i g h t sT h e w a t e rs t o r e dh e r er u s h e s p t h r o u g hu n d e r g r o u n d i p e s t o d r i v e t u r b i n e sa t t h e b a s e o f t h e d a m s t o g e n e r a t o r s n d t h u s , h y d r o e l e c t r ie n e r g yi s h a r n e s s e dW a t e r c o s t s a c . n o t h i n g n d t h e e n e r g yi s c o n t i n u a l lr e n e w a b l eb u t d a m s a r e e x p e n s i v e a y to buildand may harmthe environment. Wrndcontains of tremendous amounts energyWindenergy canbe used to turnwindturbines generate to Thereare usually hundreds wind electricity. of rs turbines eachwindfarm.Whenwindblows energy capturedby the large on p r o p e l l e r b l a d e s o f t h e w i n d t u r b i n e s .w h i c h i n t u r n a r e c o n n e c t e d to generators produce to electricity. Wind is renewable doesnotcauseair and pollution. However, windfarmscan onlybe developed areaswherethewind in is steady. The turning hundreds windturbinesalsocausesnoisepollution of of and interferes withtelevision reception N u c l e a re n e r g y o b t a i n e df r o m n u c l e a rf u e l s d o e s n o t c a u s e a i r p o l l u t i o n , l a r g e m o u n t f t h i se n e r g y a n b e o b t a i n e dr o ma s m a l la m o u n t c f A a o mustbe disposed safely off as of nuclear fuel.However, nuclear wasteproduct c i t o r o d u c e s u c l e a rr a d i a t i o n . h i s r a d i a t i o n a n c a u s eb u r n sa n d c a n c e r . n T I t c a na l s oh a r ma n dk i l lp l a n t s n da n i m a l s . a T h e h e a t e n e r g yi n s i d et h e E a r t hi s c a l l e dg e o t h e r m a l n e r g y T h i s e . e s e n e r g ye s c a p e s o t h e s u r f a c e u r i n gv o l c a n i c r u p t i o n o r w h e n h o t w a t e r t d harmful substances released are or steamemerges fromthe ground. However, p l a c e s o r h a r n e s s i ng e o t h e r m a l f g t o g e t h ew i t ht h e s t e a m A s s u c h ,s u i t a b l e r . f G e e n e r g y h o u l d e c h o s e n a r a w a yf r o mt h e c o n s u m e r s . e o t h e r m a ln e r g y s b and lastsa lonqtime. can be renewed
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ALTERNATIVE SOURCES ENERGY OF
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GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
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ADVANTAGE: Does cause pollution not air D I SADVANlAGES:

ADVAN'IAGE: Lasts longtine a D I SADVANTA GL:

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NTITRIEN'IS Carbohydrirtes

FUNCTION(S)
cncrgyquickly Suppl-v

\r PROtsLt (S)
Ir.rcess ntar lrr-cr.n\ ened int., tnts I : r c e s sc . r l - c l J 1 , .h e a r t dr:cese gro$1hDeticlency ai-1ects n r u s l i e sb c c . r m cu e a k

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Help thc body grou'. makenew ccllsandrepair damagcd ones in Supply cnerg-v emergencv for VitaminC is needed gums healthy skinand

scurvy Dclrcienclcancause gums andsc,re

Vitamins lbr VitaminD is needed andteeth strongbones causes soft Deficiencv s. brrne poordevelopment rrf teelh Dcliciencl cancause anaemia

Mineralsalts

Iron is nccdcdto makc rcd bloodcells,which carry oxygcnto all our bodycells

is to Calcium needcd make andteeth strongbones

Deliciencl cancausc osteoporosis

(lnd.Sr-'clrl Bioft;g1 1985) . to (Adaptedftorn'. Introducliotl I IlttnLln Write a report on nutrients. ln yourreport,.voumust: o . . gtven useall theinlbrmation information by elaborate givingrelevant infbrmation provide otheradditional any

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