PPPA 6077: Bicycling as Transportation: Policy & Politics Thursdays, 6pm, January 17-February 28, 2013 Instructor: Shane Farthing, Executive

Director, Washington Area Bicyclist Association Email: farthing@gwu.edu Office Hours: Flexible, by appointment

Numerous bloggers, reporters, and academics have declared a recent “bicycling renaissance” in many urban areas of the United States. This course looks at bicycling as transportation within the Washington, DC region and examines the policy impacts of the growth of cycling and the challenges and opportunities present in the integration of this mode of transportation into existing public space, legal, regulatory, and funding structures. We will examine the current state of bicycling in the District and near-suburbs and the policies that led to the current state. We will ask the normative question whether policies promoting bicycling are good for the District and region, evaluate existing policies’ impacts on bicycling, and consider concerns over bicycling’s growth, including issues of equity and safety. We will also touch on policies related to public health, environmental sustainability, economic impact, and bicycle culture. Ultimately, we will explore whether this is a “bicycling renaissance” and what impact the current growth of bicycling might have on the region. Grades in this course will be based on a combination of five short, weekly response papers, plus a final examination or paper and presentation. Weekly response papers should be no more than a page or two in length and should engage with issues raised in a given week’s reading and class discussion. It is the student’s choice whether to complete the final exam or the paper and presentation on a topic of independent interest relating to the policy and politics of bicycling. Students wishing to complete the paper should indicate their intent to do so and proposed topic prior to the third course meeting. For those who choose opt to complete the paper and presentation: The short paper should involve independent research of an existing issue or question and involve independent thought on the matter. The paper should argue a point, propose a policy or strategy, or contribute unique insight on a biking policy related topic. Students choosing the research paper must also present their paper to the class, in a brief presentation of five to ten minutes during the final class period. For those who opt to take a final exam: The final exam will require synthesis of topics presented throughout the course in response to a combination of current issues, biking topics, or readings. It will be a take-home exam in essay format, designed to elicit independent thought while testing understanding of the topics covered during the course. Response papers: 50%

Research paper & presentation, or final exam: 50% This course meets for seven two-hour periods. The following is a rough outline of topics to be covered in sequence, but if we find that a certain topic of conversation is of particular interest to the group, we will spend the time needed (within reason) to address it fully. Therefore the formal schedule is designed to fill five course periods, with period six reserved for other topics of particular interest that arise throughout the course but do not fit within the outline. Period seven is reserved for presentations from students who choose to undertake the research paper and presentation. January 17 Course Overview: 1. Background Tools a. History, Law, Advocacy Structure, Funding b. Data, Data, and More Data 2. Why a Bicycling Renaissance a. Rational Individual Choice b. New Urbanism and Changing of Design/Transit/Development Philosophies c. Inducement through Investment (a+b) 3. Normative Response to Bicycling Renaissance a. Renaissance for whom? b. Equity Elements 4. Basics of the Washington Area bicycling network Required Readings: 1. Pucher, John. “The role of public policies in promoting the safety, convenience & popularity of bicycling.” 2. Buehler, Ralph. “Determinants of bicycle commuting in the Washington, DC region: The role of bicycle parking, cyclist showers, and free car parking at work.” (note the map on p. 527) 3. DC Bike Map Other Recommended Readings: 1. DC Bicycle Master Plan 2. WMATA Bike Access Study January 24 The Biking Movement: History & Tools for the Policy Future 1. Why do cyclists have the rights of vehicles? 2. Historical development, bike clubs, & advocacy 3. The 1970s & Bike Resurgence

4. Federal funding for bicycling 5. The need for data & the challenges of bicycling data for policy & investment Required Readings: 1. Pedaling Revolution, Ch. 1 2. Alliance for Biking & Walking Benchmarking Report, 2012 (skim) 3. JDAntos Blog posts, Jan.1 & Jan. 4 2013: http://jdantos.wordpress.com/2013/01/01/visualizations-2012-biking-by-the-numbers/ and http://jdantos.wordpress.com/2013/01/04/maps-2012-biking/ 4. Montgomery County CapStat Report January 31 The Individual Benefits & the Systemic Benefits 1. Individual Benefits a. Speed b. Health c. Environmental Footprint d. Affordability 2. Accruing Systemic/Social Benefits Through Public Policy: Guest speaker David Alpert, Greater Greater Washington Required Readings: 1. City Cycling, Ch. 3 (Garrard on Health Benefits) 2. City Cycling, Ch. 4 (Tranter on Effective Speed) 3. DC Office of Planning Report to the DC Zoning Commission on Parking, Bicycle Parking, and Loading Chapters of Zoning Update, November 5, 2010. (skim, but with particular attention to bike parking portion) February 7 Inducement through Investment 1. Bike Facilities 2. Bikesharing Required Readings: 1. Teschke, Kay. “Route Infrastructure and the Risk of Injuries to Bicyclists: A Case-Crossover Study.” 2. City Cycling, Ch. 6 (Furth on Infrastructure for Mass Cycling) 3. City Cycling, Ch. 7 (Jacobsen & Rutter on Cycling Safety) 4. MWCOG Tiger Grant Application for Regional Bikeshare

5. Arlington County Capital Bikeshare Transit Development Plan, Ch 4. Other Recommended Readings: 1. Minnesota Department of Transportation, “The Impact of Bicycling Facilities on Commute Mode Share.” 2. The Effectiveness of Urban Design and Land Use and Transport Policies 3. DDOT Innovative Facilities Analysis February 21 Bikesharing 1. 2. Planning for Biking as Transit The Inner-working of bikeshare (Guest: Capital Bikeshare GM Eric Gilliland)

Required Readings: 1. 2. 3. MWCOG Tiger Grant Application for Regional Bikeshare Arlington County Capital Bikeshare Transit Development Plan, Ch. 4 City Cycling, Ch. 9 (Shaheen on bikesharing)

February 28 Biking for Whom, Really? 1. 2. 3. 4. Vehicular Cycling & Complete Streets Women’s Bicycling Ethnicity, Poverty & Bicycling The Suburbs

Paper Presentations Required Reading: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Forester, John, “The Bicycle Transportation Controversy.” MWCOG Complete Streets Policy, 2012 City Cycling, Ch. 10 (Garrard on Women and Cycling) Pucher & Renne, “Socioeconomics of Urban Travel: Evidence from the 2001 NHTS.” Baca, Alex, “Sometimes a Bike is Just a Bike.”

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