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Ramanujam and Uma Fitzcharles Vethathiri International Academy, Chennai
Introduction It is well known that in science today we speak of four forces operating at different levels of material systems: gravitational force, electromagnetic force, strong force and weak force. All these forces were identified at different points of time as an attempt to explain our observations. The gravitational force rules the cosmos and determines the structures and dynamics of celestial objects. The electromagnetic force operates at the atomic level, keeping the electrons bound to the nucleus. The strong force operates at the nuclear level, keeping the nucleons together in spite of the repulsive coulomb forces between the protons. The weak force operates at the particle level, effecting the transformation of proton into neutron, or vice versa. While we have wellestablished theories for gravitational and electromagnetic forces, there have been many conjectures regarding the nature of strong and weak forces. There have been several attempts to unify these forces in recent years as part of the search for a Grand Unification Theory. Are all these ‘forces’ essentially different, or are they different aspects of a unitary force? Questions like this have gained serious attention from those in the field of theoretical physics. By and large it has been agreed that the ‘four forces’ are different aspects of a unitary force, and the search is on to identify the nature of the unitary field. Although models like the Salam-Weinberg Theory succeeded in unifying the three forces, viz. electromagnetic, strong and weak, till now there is no satisfactory theory to incorporate gravity and thus unify all the four. In this article we discuss why it remains difficult to come to this unification and suggest a new path to achieve it. The Nature of Gravity In modern science it is taken for granted that all the four forces are caused by various aspects of matter such as mass, spin and charge. But, according to Vethathirian concept, which is the base for this article, gravity itself is the unitary force from which all other forces arise. In the Vethathirian model, gravity is the inherent property of space; hence this model contradicts the assumption that all the four forces are caused by matter. The Vethathirian model offers a radically new approach wherein three forces are understood to be different manifestations of gravity itself. Therefore, instead of trying to unify the forces as is being done now, we will try to unify these forces causally, establishing space as the cause for inertia, spin and charge.
spin and charge are united. As the spin of a particle decreases over time (as it loses its spinning dust). The compressive nature of space brings particles and systems of particles together and this compressive nature is what is called gravity. There is a tendency to come together and form a stable system between particles of differing spin ( resulting in ‘electrostatic attraction’). their effects -. This wave. Every system of particles is under a net gripping force. i. there are massive particles and particles of lesser mass. . called magnetic wave. it is not the spin parameter commonly referred to in modern science. This net gripping force is a measure of how difficult it is to move the system and hence is its inertia. Every vethon radiates a spreading wave around it by the constant emission of its constituent dust.will also be united. constituting a repulsive force between the two particles. 2.the four forces -. Mass and Charge Arise from Gravity In Vethathirian concept. Until now. which is the difference between the compressive force of space on it and the mitigating counterforce due to its own repulsive spreading wave. therefore the cause of spin is the self-compression of space. inertia. The cause for the spin of particles is the spin of the constituent dust. increases. depending on the spin factor. and how the inherent spin of material particles is caused. is a counter-force to the compression of space on the particle. The self-compressive nature of the space tends to decrease the distance between any two particles and thus the inherent selfcompressive pressure of space itself is gravity. It must be clearly understood that the ‘spin’ here is mechanical in nature. These are natural atomic systems. its repulsive force that is mitigating the compression decreases. The force of this spreading wave (called magnetic wave) impinging on another particle tends to increase the distance between them.e. Every particle radiates a spreading wave around it by the constant emission of its constituent dust. The Axioms of the Vethathirian Model 1. space is characterized with inherent self compressive pressure that results in the formation of spinning quanta of space called ‘formative dust’. Space is characterised with an inherent self-compressive pressure that results in the formation of spinning quanta of space. there has not been sufficient effort to understand the true nature of mass and charge.Once space. It is the lack of understanding these three fundamentals that is reflected in our inability to unify the forces. the net gripping force. which in turn are compressed to form particles. called “formative dust”. This tendency of particles to associate into systems is attributed to what we call ‘charge’. systems are formed with massive particles in the center and lighter particles in orbit. Due to the compressive nature of space. and particles of more or less equal spin tend to move away from each other (‘electrostatic repulsion’). which in turn is compressed to form particles called ‘vethons’. Hence. In this way the inertia. How Spin.
In this case. but differing mass. we arrive at space as the unifying entity. By convention. the orbiting particle will be said to be negative just like the electron in the first case. Alagar Ramanujam. can lead to unification of the four forces called gravity. Jan. India. electromagnetic. the atomic system can still be possible and stable. Gravity of Gravity. 2004 . spin and charge are functional aspects of space. Mass is understood as the net gripping of space. Similarly. Wide Spectrum. 2003 4. If we look at the standard proton-electron structure. only the realization that gravity is the property of space. Vethathiri Maharishi. Conclusion In summation. and space is the base for mass. in any atom-like system the orbiting particles are said to be negatively charged. Alagar Ramanujam and Uma Fitzcharles. This explains the presence of negatively charged particles of extremely small mass (electron) as well as of larger mass (muons and pions). Vethathiri Publications. Sept. so long as the spin gradient between the proton and this particle is within a range. This indicates that there would be particles of ‘negative’ charge but differing mass. Proceedings of the Seminar on Vethathirian Concepts of Gravity and Cosmology. and the nuclear particles are said to be positively charged. Positive charge is associated with greater mass because the nuclear particle in an atomic system is more massive than the orbiting particles. Hence.resulting in inability to form a system. spin and charge – are now seen to be unified in the sense that mass. because the system is maintained. and charge as the behavior of particles to associate into systems according to their spins. strong and weak. References: 1. K. 2002 3.Perumal. In our view. the causes – space. Uma Fitzcharles. charge and spin. there would be particles having ‘positive’ charge. Vethathiri Publications. spin as the effect of self compressive nature of space. If the electron were replaced by another particle of lesser spin. 2006 2. the spin of the proton is much less than the electron. Chennai. G. Arivukkan. mass.
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