A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin, South Australia

Aaron Davis, Tim Munday, Jacqueline Frizenschaf and Nara Somaratne
CESRE/ WATER FOR A HEALTHY COUNTRY

Purpose of study
• Use hydrogeophysics to refine the model for Uley South Lens
• • • Better define aquifer thickness, geometry and hydraulic properties in areas where little information exists. Determine the depth to groundwater, aquifer porosity an hydraulic conductivity Determine whether aquifer bounds could be revised in GW model

Trial non-invasive approach to examine as a pre-cursor to drilling

A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin, South Australia

Approach
• Employ surface Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (sNMR) and Time Domain Electromagnetic (TDEM) soundings in the SW corner of Uley South Lens

A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin, South Australia

South Australia .Why use NMR? • • • • The only geophysical technique that allows for direct detection of water in the subsurface Non-invasive Minimal environmental footprint Less expensive than exploratory drilling Estimate • • • Water content Aquifer porosity Hydraulic conductivity A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

South Australia • • 100 km • .Eyre Peninsula and Uley South • Only few aquifers provide potable water to Eyre Peninsula Uley South is most important one Supports Port Lincoln and east coast of the Eyre 2007-2008 water allocation was ~7200 Ml A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

Uley South groundwater lenses Coffin Bay ‘A’ Coffin Bay Coffin Bay National Park Uley Wanilla Uley East Port Lincoln Uley South 25 km A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

South Australia .Eyre Peninsula and Uley South • 6028-00754 Quaternary limestone aquifers in the very near surface Rainfall dependent for recharge (~500 mm/a) • • Begin of extraction Water levels had been dropping from beginning of production until 2008 Reduction of pumping A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

South Australia .Uley South lens recharge • Recharge is generally through sinkholes directly into the Quaternary Bridgewater formation • Water age can be as little as 60 days A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

Conceptual hydrogeological model Source: EPNRM A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

Previous work: TEMPEST AEM • • • • Fitzpatrick et al. 2009 Tempest AEM survey Basin and aquifer geometry Possible connection between Coffin Bay ‘A’ and Uley South • Thickness and extent of Uley South and Coffin Bay ‘A’ freshwater lenses Confirmed seawater intrusion to extent of ~700 m in Uley South • A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

There’s water in the hills: Elevation 10 km A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

Magnetics .basement geometry 10 km Basement highs A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

Interval Conductivity -23 mAHD 10 km Basement highs A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

Planning of soundings Inferred directions of groundwater flow (Quaternary Limestone) 10 km A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

South Australia .Planning of soundings 10 km A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

~59000 nT) ~2530 Hz Depth of penetration/resolution ~60 m NanoTEM  Operating at 32Hz  40 m loop  Depth of penetration ~80 m A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .sNMR & TEM Soundings Vista-Clara GMR     Single-turn 72.4° inclination.5 m loop Aligned with magnetic North (-67.

South Australia .sNMR: Site 3 10 km A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

South Australia .sNMR: Site 3 Sounding data A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

South Australia .sNMR: Site 3 Inversion ULE098 is 460 m away from Site 3 A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

South Australia .sNMR: Site 6 10 km A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

sNMR: Site 6 Inversion No cutting returns ULE208 is 240 m away from Site 6 A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

sNMR: Site ULE193 10 km A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

South Australia .sNMR: Site ULE193 Inversion ~450 m/day A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

sNMR: Comparisons 6 3 A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

South Australia .sNMR Sections (with AEM) 10 km A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

sNMR Sections (with AEM) N S A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

sNMR Sections (with AEM) N S A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin. South Australia .

porosity ~20%. which provide opportunity to update GW models and management options. South Australia . porosity ~20% – More saline than Bridgewater AEM and sNMR assist in hydrogeological interpretation  Produce a section that shows extent of formations Refined conceptual understanding of aquifer system and variation in aquifer characteristics. partly bound. HIGH k VALUES? – Partially constrained by Uley Formation  Tertiary aquifer (Wanilla Formation) – Mainly mobile.Conclusion Detected water in:  Quaternary aquifer (Bridgewater Formation) – FREE WILLY. A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

South Australia .Future planning of soundings 10 km A surface NMR study for groundwater resource assessment in the Uley Basin.

au WATER FOR A HEALTHY COUNTRY .Thank you EM Applications Dr Aaron Davis Senior Research Geophysicist t +61 8 6436 8951 e aaron.csiro.davis@csiro.au w www.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful