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PVSYST V5.

55 RAJKUMAR

31/12/12 Page 1/3

Grid-Connected System: Simulation parameters


Project :
Geographical Site Situation Time defined as

100KW ON GRID
100 kw, Nallurpalayam Latitude Legal Time Albedo 11.0N Time zone UT+5 0.20 Country Longitude Altitude India 77.4E 35 m

Meteo data : Simulation variant :

100 kw, Nallurpalayam , Synthetic Hourly data New simulation variant


Simulation date 31/12/12 19h18

Simulation parameters Collector Plane Orientation Horizon Near Shadings PV Array Characteristics PV module Number of PV modules Total number of PV modules Array global power Array operating characteristics (50C) Total area Inverter Characteristics Si-poly Model Manufacturer In series Nb. modules Nominal (STC) U mpp Module area JP60F230 JJ PV Solar 19 modules 437 101 kWp 507 V 712 m CI 100 Delta Energy 450-800 V Tilt Free Horizon No Shadings 11 Azimuth 0

In parallel Unit Nom. Power At operating cond. I mpp Cell area

23 strings 230 Wp 89.8 kWp (50C) 177 A 638 m

Model Manufacturer Operating Voltage

Unit Nom. Power

100 kW AC

PV Array loss factors Thermal Loss factor Uc (const) 20.0 W/mK => Nominal Oper. Coll. Temp. (G=800 W/m, Tamb=20C, Wind=1 m/s.) Wiring Ohmic Loss Global array res. Module Quality Loss Module Mismatch Losses Incidence effect, ASHRAE parametrization IAM = 48 mOhm

Uv (wind) NOCT Loss Fraction Loss Fraction Loss Fraction bo Parameter

0.0 W/mK / m/s 56 C 1.5 % at STC 3.0 % 2.0 % at MPP 0.05

1 - bo (1/cos i - 1)

User's needs :

Unlimited load (grid)

PVSYST V5.55 RAJKUMAR

31/12/12 Page 2/3

Grid-Connected System: Main results


Project : Simulation variant :
Main system parameters PV Field Orientation PV modules PV Array Inverter User's needs Main simulation results System Production

100KW ON GRID New simulation variant


System type tilt Model Nb. of modules Model Unlimited load (grid) Produced Energy Performance Ratio PR Grid-Connected 11 JP60F230 437 CI 100 azimuth Pnom Pnom total Pnom 0 230 Wp 101 kWp 100 kW ac

138777 kWh/year 72.9 %

Specific prod.

1381 kWh/kWp/year

Normalized productions (per installed kWp): Nominal power 101 kWp


8 Lc : Collection Loss (PV-array losses) 1.2 kWh/kWp/day Ls : System Loss (inverter, ...) 0.21 kWh/kWp/day Yf : Produced useful energy (inverter output) 3.78 kWh/kWp/day 0.8

Performance Ratio PR
PR : Performance Ratio (Yf / Yr) : 0.729

0.7

6
Normalized Energy [kWh/kWp/day]

0.6

Performance Ratio PR

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

0.0

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

New simulation variant Balances and main results


GlobHor kWh/m January February March April May June July August September October November December Year 157.2 163.5 201.5 182.4 181.4 145.5 139.5 143.8 149.7 138.0 126.6 138.3 1867.3 T Amb C 23.30 25.60 27.70 26.90 26.40 25.20 24.90 25.10 25.60 24.70 23.60 23.00 25.16 GlobInc kWh/m 172.3 174.6 206.1 178.8 172.1 137.8 133.9 139.4 149.9 143.4 135.0 151.3 1894.4 GlobEff kWh/m 167.1 169.5 200.3 173.3 166.4 132.7 128.9 134.7 145.1 138.9 130.7 146.4 1834.0 EArray kWh 13391 13173 15566 13689 13274 10740 10529 10821 11615 11162 10544 11806 146308 E_Grid kWh 12710 12516 14799 13005 12599 10166 9964 10235 11007 10577 9994 11206 138777 EffArrR % 10.92 10.60 10.61 10.76 10.84 10.95 11.05 10.90 10.89 10.94 10.97 10.96 10.85 EffSysR % 10.36 10.07 10.09 10.22 10.29 10.36 10.45 10.31 10.32 10.36 10.40 10.40 10.29

Legends:

GlobHor T Amb GlobInc GlobEff

Horizontal global irradiation Ambient Temperature Global incident in coll. plane Effective Global, corr. for IAM and shadings

EArray E_Grid EffArrR EffSysR

Effective energy at the output of the array Energy injected into grid Effic. Eout array / rough area Effic. Eout system / rough area

PVSYST V5.55 RAJKUMAR

31/12/12 Page 3/3

Grid-Connected System: Loss diagram


Project : Simulation variant :
Main system parameters PV Field Orientation PV modules PV Array Inverter User's needs

100KW ON GRID New simulation variant


System type tilt Model Nb. of modules Model Unlimited load (grid) Grid-Connected 11 JP60F230 437 CI 100 azimuth Pnom Pnom total Pnom 0 230 Wp 101 kWp 100 kW ac

Loss diagram over the whole year

1867 kWh/m +1.5% -3.2% 1834 kWh/m * 712 m coll. efficiency at STC = 14.17% 184981 kWh -2.9% -13.2% -3.2% -2.1% -1.0% 146362 kWh -5.1% 0.0% -0.0% 0.0% -0.0% 138777 kWh 138777 kWh

Horizontal global irradiation Global incident in coll. plane IAM factor on global Effective irradiance on collectors PV conversion Array nominal energy (at STC effic.) PV loss due to irradiance level PV loss due to temperature Module quality loss Module array mismatch loss Ohmic wiring loss Array virtual energy at MPP Inverter Loss during operation (efficiency) Inverter Loss over nominal inv. power Inverter Loss due to power threshold Inverter Loss over nominal inv. voltage Inverter Loss due to voltage threshold Available Energy at Inverter Output Energy injected into grid