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Operators Manual

MikroScan 7400 Thermal Imager

Firmware Version 4.12C

MIKRON INFRARED, INC. 16 THORNTON ROAD OAKLAND, NJ 07436, USA Tel: 1-201-405-0900 Fax: 1-201-405-0090 URL: http:\\www.mikroninfrared.com

Table of Contents
Section 1 General Information
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 How To Use This Manual Conventions Operator Training Precautions 1.4.1 Power 1.4.2 Battery Pack 1.4.3 Cable, adapter, cord 1.4.4 Neck Strap 1.4.5 Environmental Conditions for Use and Storage Warranty Unpacking and Inspection Procedure for Factory Repair and Return 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 5 6 7 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 33 34 37 37 38 38 39 39 40 40 40 40 41 41 41 42

1.5 1.6 1.7

Section 2

Introduction
2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 System Overview Construction Construction (continued) Button Control Panels Camera Interfaces On Board Image Processing Software Main Command Menu Standard Camera Accessories Internal construction and function

Section 3

Getting Started
3.1 3.2 Charging the Batteries Connecting the Power Supply 3.2.1 Before You Begin 3.2.2 Attaching the Battery Pack 3.2.3 Connecting the AC Adapter Attaching the Neck Strap Handling the Lens Protection Cap 3.4.1 Removing the Lens Cap 3.4.2 Attaching the Lens Cap Handling the Memory Card 3.5.1 Inserting the Memory Card 3.5.2 Removing the Memory Card Obtaining the First Image

3.3 3.4

3.5

3.6

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3.7

3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13

Setting Up Display Options 3.7.1 Setting the Date and Time Functions 3.7.1.1 Accessing the date and time menu functions 3.7.1.2 Setting the date format 3.7.1.3 Setting the date 3.7.1.4 Setting the time 3.7.1.5 Displaying the date and time 3.7.2 Selecting the Temperature Unit 3.7.3 Working with the Color Palette Options 3.7.3.1 Choosing a Color Palette 3.7.3.2 Choosing a Color Spectrum 3.7.4 Switching between the Color and Monochrome Display 3.7.5 Enabling and Disabling the Color Bar 3.7.6 Enabling and Disabling the Status Bar Selecting a Lens Option Setting the Frame Rate Setting the Image Mode Selecting Spatial Filtering Selecting a Voice Memo Recording Option Working with the Visible Save Option 3.13.1 Selecting a Visible Save Option 3.13.2 Choosing to Automatically Save Visible Light Images 3.13.3 Viewing a Visible Light Image (Option 1) 3.13.4 Viewing a Visible Light Image (Option 2)

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Section 4

Basic Operation
4.1 Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes 4.1.1 Switching to Freeze Mode 4.1.2 Returning to Run Mode Using the Power Standby Mode Working with Emissivity Settings 4.3.1 Establishing the Display Emissivity Setting (Option 1) 4.3.2 Establishing the Display Emissivity Setting (Option 2) Adjusting for Ambient Compensation 4.4.1 Accessing the Ambient Compensation Mode Settings 4.4.2 Setting Ambient Compensation using the Parameter Mode 4.4.2.1 Setting the Atmospheric Temperature Value 4.4.2.2 Setting the Relative Humidity Value 4.4.2.3 Setting the Object Distance 4.4.3 Setting Ambient Compensation using the Value Mode 4.4.3.1 Changing the Atmospheric Temperature Value 4.4.3.2 Setting the Compensation Value 4.4.4 Deactivating the Ambient Compensation Mode Adjusting for Background Compensation

4.2 4.3

4.4

4.5

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4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9

4.10 4.11

4.12

4.13

4.14

Adjusting the Focus Adjusting the Sensitivity Adjusting the Temperature Level Using the Auto Processing Functions 4.9.1 Accessing the Auto Formatting Options 4.9.2 Performing the Full Auto Function 4.9.3 Performing the Auto Focus Function 4.9.4 Performing the Auto Sensitivity Function 4.9.5 Performing the Auto Level function Working with the Gain Control Function 4.10.1 Selecting a Gain Control Option Selecting the Temperature Range and Mode 4.11.1 Selecting the Temperature Range 4.11.2 Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting Switching between Range 1 and Range 2 4.12.1 Using the Manual Formatting Option with L/S Link 4.12.1.1 Jumping from Range 1 to Range 2 4.12.1.2 Jumping from Range 2 to Range 1 4.12.2 Using the Auto Formatting Option with L/S Link Using the Memory Card 4.13.1 Customizing the Memory Card File Names 4.13.1.1 Accessing the Memory Card File Name Option Menu 4.13.1.2 Setting the Memory Card File Name 4.13.2 Saving Images to the Memory Card 4.13.2.1 Selecting an Image Save Format 4.13.2.2 Saving an Image in the .SIT Format 4.13.2.3 Saving an Image in the .BMP Format 4.13.3 Choosing to Automatically Save Images to a Memory Card 4.13.3.1 Accessing the Run Mode Menu Option 4.13.3.2 Selecting the Time Interval Save Option 4.13.4 Reviewing Saved Images 4.13.4.1 Reviewing Saved .SIT Images (Option 1) 4.13.4.2 Reviewing Saved .SIT Images (Option 2) 4.13.4.3 Reviewing Saved .BMP Images 4.13.4.4 Reviewing Saved Visible Light Images Working with Voice Annotations 4.14.1 Adding a Voice Memo to a New Image 4.14.2 Adding a Voice Memo to an Existing .SIT Image 4.14.3 Replaying a Voice Annotation

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4.15 Using the Memo Function 4.15.1 Accessing the Memo Function 4.15.2 Applying a Single Memo Designation using the Character Input Method 4.15.3 Applying Multiple Memo Designations using the Character Input Method 4.15.4 Applying a Memo Designation using the File Selection Method 4.15.5 Deleting a Memo Designation 4.15.5.1 Deleting a Single Character 4.14.5.2 Deleting all Characters at Once 4.16 Using the Memory Card Management Options 4.16.1 Accessing the Memory Card Option Menu 4.16.2 Formatting the Memory Card 4.16.3 Deleting Files from the Memory Card 4.16.3.1 Deleting Selected Files from the Memory Card 4.16.4 Renumbering Memory Card files 4.16.5 Working with Memory Card Error Messages

133 134 135 138 140 141 141 144 145 145 146 147 148 150 151 153 153 154 156 157 159 161 163 164 166 167 167 169 171 173

Section 5

Data Analysis
5.1 Working with the Multi-Point Temperature Display Options 5.1.1 Setting the Display to Show Point Emissivity and/or Temperature Data 5.1.2 Setting a Single Point 5.1.3 Setting Multiple Points 5.1.4 Changing Set Point Positions Using the Menu Option 5.1.5 Changing Set Points Using the Cursor Mode (Option 1) 5.1.6 Changing Set Points Using the Cursor Mode (Option 2) 5.1.7 Deleting Individual Set Point Positions 5.1.8 Deleting All Set Point Positions Working with Point Emissivities 5.2.1 Setting the Display to Show Emissivity Effects on Various Points 5.2.2 Setting Emissivity Values for One or More Points 5.2.3 Deleting Individual Emissivity Values 5.2.4 Deleting All Set Emissivity Values

5.2

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5.3

5.4

5.5

5.6 5.7

Working with Boxes 5.3.1 Selecting the Box Function 5.3.2 Changing the Size of the Box 5.3.3 Moving the Box 5.3.4 Adding Multiple Boxes 5.3.5 Changing the Size of Multiple Boxes 5.3.6 Moving Multiple Boxes 5.3.7 Deleting Individual Boxes 5.3.8 Deleting All Boxes Working with the Max/Min Temperature Display 5.4.1 Accessing the Max/Min Temperature Function 5.4.2 Selecting the Max/Min Temperature OptionEntire Image 5.4.3 Setting the Max/Min Temperature OptionDefined Box Working with the Event Function 5.5.1 Accessing the Event Function Options 5.5.2 Selecting a Threshold Value 5.5.3 Selecting a Range Area 5.5.4 Choosing to Display an Alarm Warning Message 5.5.5 Choosing to Freeze Measurements 5.5.5.1 Selecting a Freeze Delay Option 5.5.6 Choosing to Automatically Save Events to a Memory Card Working with the Multi Sense Function 5.6.1 Selecting the Multi Sense Function Working with the Isothermal Function 5.7.1 Selecting the Isothermal Function 5.7.2 Customizing the Range of a Single Isothermal Band 5.7.3 Adding Multiple Isothermal Bands 5.7.4 Customizing the Range of Multiple Isothermal Bands 5.7.5 Erasing an Individual Isothermal Band 5.7.6 Erasing all Isothermal Bands

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Section 6

Advanced Operations
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Working with External LCD Displays Working with External Video Displays Working with Communication Interfaces Detector Stabilization (NUC) 6.4.1 Accessing the NUC mode menu options 6.4.2 Selecting the Manual NUC mode option 6.4.3 Selecting the Auto NUC mode option Calibrating the Instrument 6.5.1 Choosing the Calibration Mode 6.5.2 Performing a REF CAL (Reference Calibration) 6.5.3 Performing a ERSP CAL (External Response Calibration) Returning all Settings to Default Values

6.5

6.6

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Section 7

High Temperature Applications


7.1 7.2 Getting Started Selecting the Temperature Range and Mode 7.2.1 Selecting the Temperature Range 7.2.2 Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting Working with the Tube Emissivity and Background Temperature Settings 7.3.1 Establishing the Tube Emissivity Setting (Option 1) 7.3.2 Establishing the Tube Emissivity Setting (Option 2) 7.3.3 Adjusting for Background Temperature Switching between Range 2 and Range 3 7.4.1 Using the Manual Formatting Option with L/S Link 7.4.1.1 Jumping from Range 2 to Range 3 7.4.1.2 Jumping from Range 3 to Range 2 7.4.2 Using the Auto Formatting Option with L/S Link

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7.3

7.4

Section 8

Principle of Thermal Imaging


8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 Infrared Radiation Emissivity Blackbody Radiation Blackbody Type Source and Emissivity Determining Emissivity Background Noise Practical Measurement Emissivity of Various Materials

Section 9

Appendix
9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 After use care Maintenance Troubleshooting Symptoms Troubleshooting Error Messages MikroScan 7400 Specifications Visual Specifications Working Distances and Spot Sizes (Standard Lens) 9.7.1 American Standard 9.7.2 Metric

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Section

General Information
Congratulations on your selection of Mikrons MikroScan 7400 for your thermal imaging applications. You have chosen a fine, precision instrument that will provide years of reliable service if you adhere to the precautions, recommendations, and procedures for operation, maintenance, and care as outlined in this manual. Therefore, it is recommended that you read this manual in its entirety prior to operating your MikroScan 7400 camera.

1.1

How To Use This Manual

This manual contains information designed to familiarize you with the features and functions of the MikroScan 7400 and to provide step by step instructions on the instruments operation. Information about infrared temperature measurement theory and thermal imaging is also included together with a guide to care, maintenance and troubleshooting.

1.2

Conventions
1) Headings of main sections appear in italicized, bold type. 2) Headings of sub-sections appear in bold type. 3) Menu or display options appear as [BOXED TEXT]. 4) BUTTON designations are indicated in capital letters. 5) Warnings, Cautions, Notes, and Tips are designated in the side bar. The following notations appear before instructions intended to avoid injury to personnel or damage to equipment. This may cause injury to personnel or damage to users equipment. This may cause damage to the product.

In general: Notes contain information that is important. Tips contain information that is helpful.

1.3

Operator Training

To best understand and utilize the measurements and images derived from the operation of this instrument, the operator should understand the basics of heat transfer and infrared radiation theory. Notes on these basics can be found in Section 8 of this manual. Education and training in these subjects should be provided by qualified personnel.

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General Information

1.4

Precautions

The following precautions should be followed when handling and operating your MikroScan 7400 thermal imaging camera.

1.4.1

Power
1) Do not use an AC Adapter or batteries other than those provided or specified by Mikron Infrared, Inc. 2) Do not use a source for line power that is not in accordance with specifications. 3) Do not allow line voltage to exceed the specified noise or fluctuations limits.

Follow the connection procedures described in Section 3.2 of this manual.

1.4.2

Battery Pack
1) Do not disassemble the battery pack or batteries. If you disassemble the battery pack, the internal circuit will break and the safety systems for charging and discharging will not operate properly which may cause overheating, fire, or explosion. Also, if the battery pack is disassembled, it may generate irritating gas or cause the negative electrode to overheat and catch fire. 2) Do not short-circuit the battery pack or battery. 3) Do not expose the battery pack or battery to flame or water. If the battery pack or battery is exposed to flame it may catch fire or explode. If it is exposed to water, the internal circuit will break and the safety systems for charging and discharging will not operate properly which may cause overheating, fire, or explosion. Also exposure to water may cause the shielded portion of the battery to corrode and leak. 4) Do not solder the terminal of the battery pack. The heat may melt the case or break the internal circuit and the safety systems for charging and discharging will not operate properly which may cause overheating, fire, or explosion. Also if the battery is heated at 100C or more, the plastic material of the gasket and separator may break and cause leakage, overheating, fire, or explosion. 5) Do not operate the camera in an enclosed case. Flammable gas generated by the battery may catch fire from sparks generated from a motor or switch, etc. 6) Do not install the battery terminals (+) and (-) in reverse.

Follow the connection procedures described in Section 3.2 of this manual.

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Section 1

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7) Do not charge, overcharge, or charge in reverse with higher current than the rating. This may cause the battery to generate gas, catch fire or explode. 8) Do not use the battery in equipment that has not been provided or specified by Mikron Infrared, Inc., as being compatible for use with the battery. 9) Do not use a charger other than the charger provided or specified by Mikron Infrared, Inc., as being compatible for use with the battery.

1.4.3

Cable, adapter, cord

Follow the connection procedure for the instrument, AC Adapter and power connector as described in Section 3.2 of this manual. 1) Do not wet or immerse the adapter in water. 2) Do not use a damaged AC Adapter or extension cord. 3) Do not disconnect the battery or AC Adapter from the instrument with the power switched to on.

1.4.4

Neck Strap
1) Do not use the strap around your neck when the instrument is in transit between locations. 2) Be especially aware of protruding objects on which the strap can become hooked.

Follow the neck strap attachment procedure as described in Section 3.3 of this manual.

1.4.5

Environmental Conditions for Use and Storage


1) Do not exceed the storage temperature limits of -20C to 70C. 2) Do not exceed the operating temperature limits of -15C to 50C. 3) Do not exceed the humidity limit of 30% to 90% Relative Humidity (non-condensing). 4) Do not use or store the instrument in the presence of poison, flammable gas or materials, explosives, corrosive atmospheres or steam. 5) Do not use or store the instrument where it will be subjected to shock and vibration extremes. 6) Do not use or store the instrument for extended periods in direct, intense sunlight or in a location subject to extreme increases in temperature (e.g. in a car). 7) Do not use or store the instrument in extremely dusty environments. 8) Do not use or store the instrument in the presence of strong electromagnetic fields, if possible. 9) Do not use or store the instrument under wet conditions such as rain or snow unless the hatch, terminal cover and battery have been secured.
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Section 1

General Information

1.5

Warranty

Mikron Infrared, Inc., will repair or replace any parts or material found defective which are due to flaws in design or manufacture when reported in writing within one year from the date of sale (unless another term is agreed to in writing by Mikron as part of the sale). Once a return authorization is approved and assigned, instruments to be repaired under this warranty are to be returned to Mikron, shipping charges prepaid by the user who assumes all risk and cost of shipping to and from the plant. In the event that Mikron, in its sole judgment and discretion, determines, for purpose of repair, that an on-site inspection is required, this warranty does not cover transportation of factory-trained service personnel to and from the installation site or expenses while there. This warranty is void if the instrument is disassembled, tampered with, altered or otherwise damaged, without prior written consent from Mikron, or if considered by Mikron to be abused or used in abnormal conditions. This warranty shall constitute the exclusive remedy available to the user and shall be considered a condition of sale and use. The manufacturer, Mikron Infrared, Inc., shall not be liable for any loss, or damage, including loss of profit or consequential damages resulting from, or attributed to, the use of its product or resulting from a defect in design or manufacture of the product. The user shall determine the particular use to which the product shall be applied and the seller excludes and disclaims any warranty that the product is fit for such use.

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1.6

Unpacking and Inspection

The MikroScan 7400 thermal imaging camera is shipped in a rugged and padded carrying case along with two battery packs, a battery charger, AC Adapter, memory card, hand grip, lens cap, radiation shield, protective window assembly for high-temperature applications, and operating manual. A wide variety of optional accessories are also available including battery belts and other auxiliary lenses.
The package should be allowed to stabilize at room temperature before removing the instrument to prevent the formation of condensation.

When unpacking and inspecting your camera, you need to do the following: 1) Check container contents against the shipping list. 2) Carefully unpack and inspect all components for visible damage. 3) Save all packing materials, including the carriers identification codes, until you have inspected all components and find that there is no obvious or hidden damage. Before shipment, the camera was assembled, calibrated, and tested at the Mikron Factory. If you note any damage or suspect damage, immediately contact the carrier and Mikron.

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1.7

Procedure for Factory Repair and Return

Do not disassemble any Mikron Infrared unless authorized by the factory. Unauthorized disassembly will void your warranty. If the instrument malfunctions, notify your local Mikron representative (or call 1-201-405-0900, or fax Mikron Service Department at 1-201-405-0090). If necessary, they will authorize the return of your instrument. Pack the instrument in its original packing, or a carton with sufficient padding to prevent further damage. Please include a note describing the problem (be specific) or describe the services requested. Be sure to provide an approved purchase order number even if the instrument is under warranty, the name and telephone number of the person to contact should questions arise, and ship to the address below. Within the United States, ship via United Parcel Service (UPS) to: Mikron Infrared, Inc. 16 THORNTON ROAD OAKLAND, NEW JERSEY 07436 U.S.A. Shipping from outside the United States: Please use a shipper such as UPS, FedEx or other established company. Do not ship by mail. If shipping by UPS, or FedEx, please check the waybill box which states Shipping and Duty to be charged to Shipper. Also state UPS or FedEx to clear customs. Shipping documents must state in English Goods originated in the USA being returned temporarily for repairs. If shipped by a company other than UPS or FedEx, address shipment to Mikron Infrared. Inc., c/o J.R. Rodgers Company, Inc. Failure to comply with these instructions will result in U.S. Customs and Import duties being added to the repair cost.

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Section

Introduction
The MikroScan 7400 represents another milestone in innovative infrared thermometry. This fully-radiometric multi-purpose camera is ergonomically designed for comfortable one-handed point-and-shoot operation, includes on-board digital voice recording, and can simultaneously record high-definition 14-bit thermal images with digital visual images. The MikroScan 7400 is completely self-contained in a splash-proof metal case, is battery operated, and stores images and data to PCMCIA cards. Images can also be viewed in real-time via the video output or through an optional built-in IEEE 1394 (Firewire). The MikroScan 7400 also includes a high temperature range, specialized infrared filtering capabilities, radiation shield, and protective window assembly, which allows the imager to be used to measure temperature of tube walls inside a furnace without the interference from combustion flames. The MikroScan 7400 comes standard with extensive onboard image processing software. It also can be remotely controlled from a PC using optional software developed by Mikron, which provides additional analysis and reporting capabilities.

2.1

System Overview

The MikroScan 7400 is a non-contact, high sensitivity infrared radiometer. It measures the infrared radiation emitted by the target surface and converts this radiation into a two-dimensional image related to the temperature distribution at the target surface. Through the use of standard on-board diagnostic software, the image can be used to provide a picture of temperature variations over the area included in the field of view, in either temperature related colors or in black and white. Point temperatures can also be derived from the image.

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Section 2

Introduction

2.2

Construction
Electronic View Finder

Button Control Panel

Visible Light Lens

Camera Features (Front)

Infrared Lens Video/Display/ACAdapter Terminal Cover

Battery Pack

Microphone Speaker Lens Protection Cap

Button Control Panel

Camera Features (Back)

ViewFinder

Hand Grip Interface Hatch Door

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Introduction

2.2

Construction (continued)

Radiation Shield

Camera Features (for high temperature applications)

High Temperature Protective Window Assembly

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Section 2

Introduction

2.3

Button Control Panels


[5] L/R

[2] Run [1] Power Indicator Light

[6] +/-

[3] Save

[4] Auto

[7] Mode

[8] Select

Number 1 2

Description Power Indicator Light Run

Function Green light indicates that the camera is switched on. Places the instrument in the image and data acquisition mode. Also used to freeze the displayed image and data and to access the menus and other camera functions. Saves the current image data in either the run or freeze modes. Automatically optimizes the focus, sensitivity, and temperature level for the current display. Moves the cursor along the horizontal plane of the display, allows navigation through menus, and allows navigation through the memo characters for selection. Moves the cursor along the vertical plane of the display, allows scrolling through menus, and selecting certain options. Also used to increase or decrease selected parameters such as temperature level. Sequentially displays the cursor, memo, menu, visible, or standby functions for selection. Also used to cancel out of certain menu functions. Used in a variety of functions to select a highlighted item on the display or menu.

3 4

Save Auto

L/R

+/-

Mode

Select

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Section 2

Introduction

2.4

Camera Interfaces

Display/Video Output/AC Adapter Terminals

RS-232C/ S-Video Connector

Analog Composite Video Output Connector (BNC)

AC Adapter Terminal

Feature AC Adapter

Function

AC to DC power conversion is available through the DC Power Entry Connector. Input voltage is 6V DC with a current draw of up to 3.5 amps. The Composite Video Output interface allows transmission of analog video signals over a cable to a monitor. This allows video information to be carried as a single signal in either NTSC or PAL format. The MikroScan 7400 provides an RS-232C/S-Video port which is used for providing an interface for an external LCD Display.

Analog Composite Video Output Connector

RS-232C/S-Video Connector

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Section 2

Introduction

Camera Interfaces

Power Switch

Com Serial Port Connector

Memory Card Expansion Slot

Feature Com Serial Port Connector

Function

The GPIB, or Firewire interface allows remote camera control, image capture, and process analysis using software running on a Windows-based PC. Insert Compact Flash Memory Card for storage and retrieval of images. The power switch on the MikroScan 7400 switches the camera between two settings: ON and OFF.

Memory Card Expansion Slot Power Switch

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Section 2

Introduction

2.5

On Board Image Processing Software

Emissivity/ Image Mode Apparent Emissivity Gain Control Ambient Compensation Sensitivity Range
Cursor Point

Date/Time
Run/Freeze Mode
Menu/Visible/Memo/ Cursor/Standby

Image Display

Temperature Range

MikroScan 7400 Display Screens

Color Palette Bar

Page

Main Display--Run Mode

Main Command Menu

Set Environment Sub-Menu

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Section 2

Introduction

2.6

Main Command Menu


Feature Function The MikroScan 7400 allows you to view the temperature data of one or more points at selected locations anywhere within the field of view. It also allows you to obtain information on how the temperatures of the various points are affected by differences in emissivity settings. See Section 5.1 for more information on Working with the Multi-Point Temperature Display Options. Displays the temperature of the points under the color bar. Does not, however, allow emissivity settings to be changed or displayed. Displays the temperature and emissivity of each point near the point cursor. Also allows emissivity of each point to be set individually. Displays the specified point temperature under the color bar. Also displays the temperature difference @T between point A and point B. However, this mode does not allow the emissivity to be corrected on an individual basis. Displays the specified point temperature under the color bar and displays the emissivity setting of the point near the point cursor. Also displays the temperature difference @T between point A and point B. However, the emissivity is displayed only when the emissivity of the point is different from the emissivity of the whole screen.

1)

[POINT TEMP]

[TEMP MODE]

[TEMP & EMISS MODE]

[TEMP MODE]

[TEMP & EMISS MODE]

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Section 2

Introduction

2)

[POINT EMISS]

In addition to viewing point temperature data, the MikroScan 7400 also allows you to establish individual emissivity values for one or more points and to obtain information on how the temperatures of the various points are affected by differences in emissivity settings. See Section 5.2 for more information on Working with Point Emissivities. The MikroScan 7400 provides a total of three temperature ranges. These three ranges provide an overall temperature span of -40C to 2000C (-40F to 3632F). While the first two ranges are used for typical low temperature predictive maintenance applications, the third temperature range, used in conjunction with the radiation shield and protective window assembly, allows the imager to be used for applications such as measuring tube walls inside a furnace without the interference from combustion flames. Each range offers a FIXED range mode setting and a L/S LINK (Level/Sens linking mode) setting. See Sections 4.11 and 4.12 for more information on Working with Temperature Ranges.

3)

[RANGE]

[1]

Range 1: -40C to 120C (-40F to 248F). Range 2: 932F). 0C to 500C (32F to

[2]

[3]

Range 3: 400C to 2000C (752F to 3632F). In the FIXED mode, the LEVEL and SENSITIVITY can be adjusted to their minimum and maximum levels without affecting the displayed range. In the L/S LINK mode, adjustments made beyond the LEVEL will switch the camera from one range to the other.
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[FIXED]

[L/S LINK]

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Section 2

Introduction

4)

[GAIN CONTROL]

The Gain Control Feature is used for performing automatic temperature or automatic sensitivity tracing. See Section 4.10 for more information on the Gain Control feature. Disables the Gain Control Feature. The cross cursor traces a point temperature signal and always controls for the temperature signal level to be at the center level of the color bar. When the cross cursor is not used, the temperature signal at the center (X=160, Y=120) of the thermal image is traced. While level trace is active the LVL.T is displayed in the upper-right corner of the screen.

[OFF] [LVL.T]

[AGC]

Traces the temperature signal of the entire thermal image and always controls the display sensitivity and temperature level to be at their optimal values. By combining use of this mode and the LEVEL/SENS gain mode of the range mode, the temperature signal can be traced beyond the range. When the auto gain control is active, AGC is displayed in the upper-right corner of the screen.

5)

[LENS ASSEMBLY]

The MikroScan 7400 is shipped with a standard lens offering a 29(H) x 22(V) field of view. It also supports additional lenses, which are available at the time of purchase. When a lens is changed, the instrument must be matched to the new lens characteristics. See Section 3.8 for more information on lens options.

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Section 2

Introduction

[STANDARD] [TELEPHOTO A] [TELEPHOTO B] [WIDE ANGLE A] [WIDE ANGLE B] [CLOSE UP A] [CLOSE UP B] [CLOSE UP C]

Lens Assembly option 1 (default). Lens Assembly option 2. Lens Assembly option 3. Lens Assembly option 4. Lens Assembly option 5. Lens Assembly option 6. Lens Assembly option 7. Lens Assembly option 8. The measuring temperature can be corrected by applying the emissivity of the measured object in the emissivity setting. Emissivity for the correction can be selected within the range of 0.10 to 1.00 with 0.01 steps. See Section 4.3 for more information on Emissivity Settings. The measuring temperature can be corrected by applying an apparent emissivity value for the measured object in the emissivity setting. This value, which may exceed the theoretical maximum of 1.00, is used to reduce the apparent temperature so that it will coincide with the actual temperature of the object being measured. Emissivity for this correction can be selected within the range of 0.500 to 2.00 with .005 steps. See Section 7.3 for more information on Tube Emissivity Settings for Range 3.

6a)

[EMISS]

6b)

[TUBE EMISS]
ONLY APPLICABLE TO RANGE 3

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7)

[AMBIENT COMPENSATION]

The Ambient Compensation feature is used for compensating the influence of the ambient up to the measurement object. See Section 4.4 for more information on the Ambient Compensation feature. Used to select the desired ambient compensation mode. The Parameter mode is used for inputting the atmospheric temperature, the humidity, and the distance up to the measuring object, getting the compensation value from them, and then compensating the measuring data. The Value mode is used for inputting the atmospheric temperature and the compensation value, and then compensating the measuring data with them. Used to increase or decrease the atmospheric temperature value. Used to increase or decrease the relative humidity value. Used to increase or decrease the object distance. The value used for compensating the influence of the ambient up to the measurement object. Used to compensate for reflectivity/ background errors. See Section 4.5 for more information on the Background Compensation feature.

[SETUP MODE]

[PARAM]

[VALUE]

[ATMOSPHERIC TEMP]

[RELATIVE HUMIDITY]

[OBJECT DISTANCE]

[COMPENSATION VALUE]

8a)

[B. GROUND COMPENSATION]

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8b)

[BACKGROUND TEMP]
ONLY APPLICABLE TO RANGE 3

Used to compensate for extra radiation components that result in higher readings than the actual temperature. See Section 7.3.3 for more information on the Background Temperature feature for Range 3. The MikroScan 7400 provides two calibration modes. See Section 6.5 for more information on calibrating the instrument. Used when the surface to be measured has a low emissivity (high reflectivity) and the surface temperature is low or close to ambient. Used when the instrument is operated in ambient temperatures close to the upper (40C) or lower (0C) ambient limits of the instruments operation specification. By combining use of this function and the function of defining boxes, the temperatures within a specified area can be tracked with the cursor. See Section 5.4 for more information on the Max/Min Temperature function. Terminates the display of the maximum or minimum temperature. Displays the maximum temperature and tracks it with the cursor. Displays the minimum temperature and tracks it with the cursor.

9)

[CALIBRATION]

[REF CAL]

[ERSP CAL]

10)

[MAX/MIN TEMP]

[OFF]

[MAX]

[MIN]

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[MAX HOLD]

Displays the maximum temperature and holds its value. Displays the minimum temperature and holds its value. Used to determine the Max, Min, and Avg. temperatures within a specified area of a thermal image. When creating a box on a thermal image, the max, min, and avg. temperatures within the area of the specified box are displayed. See Section 5.3 for more information on the Box function. The maximum, minimum, and average temperature of the area defined by the box is not displayed. The maximum, minimum, and average temperature of the area defined by the box is displayed. Used to detect when the temperature on the thermal image goes out of the specified temperature range. Also used for periodically saving certain phenomenon to a memory card and can also automatically and periodically record thermal images. See Section 5.5 for more information on the Event functions. Allows certain phenomenon to be periodically saved to a memory card. Automatic saving is NOT performed. Automatic saving is periodically performed (note: the time interval is set in the INTERVAL setting). Allows measurements to be frozen when an event condition occurs.
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[MIN HOLD]

11)

[BOX]

[TEMP OFF]

[TEMP ON]

12)

[RUN MODE]

[SAVE]

[OFF]

[PCMCIA]

[FREEZE]

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[OFF]

The measurements are not frozen. The measurements are frozen. Displays a warning message when an event condition occurs. The warning message is not displayed. The warning message is displayed. Specifies the time interval to be used for periodic automatic saving to the memory card. The time interval can be specified by one-second steps beginning at five seconds. Occurs as the result of a condition based on the specified threshold temperature within the thermal image. This value is the specified temperature for generating an event condition, and can be specified within the specified temperature range.

[EVENT]

[ALARM]

[OFF]

[ON]

[INTERVAL]

[5 TO ~3600 SECONDS]

[EVENT]

[THRESHOLD VALUE]

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[UNDER]

As a temperature decreases below the threshold value, the event occurs. (This determines an event condition based on the maximum or minimum temperature on a thermal image, unless the threshold value is specified otherwise. When a BOX setup is set as from A to E, it judges using the maximum or minimum temperature of the box within the limits).

[OVER]

As a temperature rises above the threshold value, the event occurs. (This determines an event condition based on the maximum or minimum temperature on a thermal image, unless the threshold value is specified otherwise. When a BOX setup is set as from A to E, it judges using the maximum or minimum temperature of the box within the limits). Specifies the time from the occurrence of an event condition to the freezing of measurements, or the number of frames automatically saved to a memory card.

[DELAY]

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[0 TO ~60 SECONDS]

The time from the occurrence of an event condition to freeze measurements. (Note SAVE set to OFF, specifies not to save to a memory card). After an event occurred, but before freezing measurements, the number of frames to be automatically saved to a memory card is specified. However, when there is no enough free space on the memory card, the frames are saved as much as possible. (Note: SAVE set to PCMCIA, specifies that images are to be automatically saved to a memory card). Allows box range areas on a thermal image to be defined to determine event conditions. The range areas on a thermal image can be defined to determine event conditions. The range areas on a thermal image can be defined to determine event conditions. When WHOLE is specified, event conditions are determined on the entire thermal image (Note: the boxes should be previously specified).

[0 TO ~100 FRAMES]

[BOX]

[A TO E]

[WHOLE]

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13)

[ISOTHERMAL]

Isothermal bands can be set in the color display. See Section 5.7 for more information on the Isothermal function. A maximum of four (4) isothermal bands can be set. Isothermal bands can be set within the temperature range of the color bar but not in full scale of the Temperature Ranges 1 or 2. The Isothermal display is a very useful tool for noticing abnormal temperature areas on the measuring object.

[BAND A] [BAND B] [BAND C] [BAND D] 14)

Isothermal Band. Isothermal Band. Isothermal Band. Isothermal Band. Your MikroScan 7400 was shipped with a 32MB compact flash card which is capable of storing approximately 184 images. A Compact Flash Adapter was also supplied to provide transfer of images through a PCMCIA card slot in your laptop computer or through a Card Reader attached to your personal computer. See Sections 4.13 and 4.16 for more information on working with the memory card function. Format the memory card for use with the MikroScan 7400. Also deletes all files/data on the memory card. Delete individual files.

[MEMORY CARD]

[FORMAT]

[DELETE]

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[RENUMBER]

Renumber the files (the file numbers range from 0001 to 9999. More than 9999 triggers an error message of FULL. After a file is deleted, the deleted file number is absent. Therefore renumber the files in order from 0001.) Sets the color scale to be used for the image display. The choices include, color display, reverse color display, monochrome display, and reverse monochrome display. Depending on the application, one scale might be more suitable than another for obtaining optimum results. See Section 3.7.3 for more information on the color function.

15)

[COLOR]

[COLOR POSI]

Color settings (Shine, Rainbow, Brightness, Hot Iron, Medical) Used to select the desired number of colors. Reverse color settings (Shine, Rainbow, Brightness, Hot Iron, Medical)

(256, 128, 64, 32, 16)

[COLOR NEGA]

(256, 128, 64, 32, 16) [MONO POSI]

Monochrome settings

(256, 128, 64, 32, 16)

Used to select the desired number of colors.

[MONO NEGA]

Reverse monochrome settings

(256, 128, 64, 32, 16)

Used to select the desired number of colors.

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16)

[MULTI SENSE]

Provides visual enhancement of low contrast images and of high contrast images without changing the displayed temperature range. (See Section 5.6 of this manual for more information on working with the Multi-Sense function) Disables the multi-sense function Provides visual enhancement of low contrast images by enhancing the details surrounding the center temperature. Provides visual enhancement of high contrast images by enhancing the details surrounding the high and low temperature range. Allows an additional level of image smoothing to a thermal image while the instrument is in Freeze mode. See Section 3.11 for more information on this feature. Displays the corrected image by spatial filter on FREEZE (Default) The spatial filter correction is not performed.

[OFF]

[MIDDLE]

[HIGH/LOW]

17)

[FILTERING]

[ON]

[OFF]

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18)

[SET ENVIRONMENT]

Sets environmental conditions for the camera. As such the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu allows the user to set a variety of parameters and functions such as the temperature units (C or F), date and date format, time and display features, and to create file names. The AUTO MODE is used in conjunction with the auto formatting feature of the MikroScan 7400. This feature automatically focuses the instrument and optimizes the temperature and sensitivity ranges for the target being monitored. See Section 4.9 for more information on the Auto Formatting functions. Automatically sets the optimum values for the focus position, sensitivity, and temperature level. Full AUTO for LEVEL/SENS/FOCUS (default value). Automatically sets the optimum values for the focus position utilizing the Focus AUTO mode. Defines the desired temperature unit. See Section 3.7.2 for more information on defining the temperature unit. Used to display temperature in degrees Celsius. Used to display temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.

[AUTO MODE]

[FULL]

[FOCUS]

[TEMP UNIT]

[C]

[F]

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[FILE NAME]

Used to customize the memory card file names. See Section 4.13.1 for more information on Customizing the Memory Card File Names. Utilized in conjunction with the optional GPIB interface. Utilized in conjunction with the RS-232C interface. Utilized in conjunction with the RS-232C interface. Allows you to choose whether or not to display the settings status bar. See section 3.7.6 for more information on this feature. This option enables the display of the settings status bar. (default). This option disables the display of the settings status bar. Allows you to choose whether or not to display the color bar. See Section 3.7.5 for more information on this feature. This option enables the display of the color bar (default). This option disables the display of the color bar.

[GPIB ADDRESS]

[RS BAUD RATE]

[RS FORMAT]

[STATUS BAR]

[ON]

[OFF]

[COLOR BAR]

[ON]

[OFF]

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[TV SYSTEM]

This option is used to select the desired video output mode. See Section 6.2 for more information on this feature. Used to select the 60-Hz American Standard (NTSC) video output option. Used to select the 50-Hz European Standard (PAL) video output option. This option is used to select the desired TV Scan format. See Section 6.2 for more information on this feature. Used to select the non-interlace option. Used to select the interlace option. Allows you to choose whether or not to enable the voice annotation feature of the MikroScan 7400. See Section 4.14 for more information on this feature. This option enables the voice annotation feature of the MikroScan 7400. This option disables the voice annotation feature of the MikroScan 7400 (default).

[NTSC]

[PAL]

[TV SCAN]

[NON-INTERLACE]

[INTERLACE]

[VOICE MEMO]

[ON]

[OFF]

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[NUC MODE]

Corrects uneven characteristics of the Infrared detector elements (UFPA). Note: the main unit internally has a reference blackbody source, which has an even temperature surface. NUC operation corrects the unevenness of characteristics for all elements of UFPA by the reference blackbody source. Also an internal accurate thermometer monitors the temperature of the reference blackbody source and calibrates the unit during the NUC Operation. See Section 6.4 for more information on the NUC feature. (Default) NUC only works when changing to the RUN mode. In AUTO, interval time is displayed. A setup of interval time is set from 1 minute to 24 hours.

[MANUAL]

[AUTO]

[FRAME RATE]

The MikroScan 7400 can capture image data at a user-selectable rate of 1/30 seconds or 1/60 seconds. See Section 3.9 for more information on this feature. Captures image data at 1/30 seconds. Captures image data at 1/60 seconds. Allows you to choose to save images in either a .BMP or a .SIT format

[30HZ]

[60HZ] [SAVE FORMAT]

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[SIT]

Images are saved in full 14-bit digital format and include all data associated with the image file. See Section 4.13.2.2 for more information on saving images with the .SIT extension. Images are saved as bitmap images and do not include data which may be essential for future review and analysis. See Section 4.13.2.3 for more information on saving images with the .BMP extension. Allows you to save visible light images with their associated infrared image. See Section 3.13 for more information on working with the visible save option. Allows images to be saved and linked to their associated infrared images. Visible light images can be viewed but not saved. Allows you to choose whether or not to automatically save visible light images with their associated infrared image. See Section 3.13 for more information on working with the visible mode option. Allows all visible light images to automatically be saved and linked to their associated infrared images. Requires user to select individual visible light images for saving. Used to set the desired date format display form. See Section 3.7.1.2 for more information on this feature.

[BMP]

[VISIBLE SAVE]

[IR LINK]

[OFF] [VISIBLE MODE]

[CONTINUATION]

[AUTO OFF] [DATE FORMAT]

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[YY/MM/DD]

Date is displayed by year, month, day (Default) Date is displayed by month, day, year. Date is displayed by day, month, year.

[MM/DD/YY]

[DD/MM/YY]

[SET DATE]

Used to set the date stamp. See Section 3.7.1.3 for more information on this feature. Date is displayed by year, month, day. Date is displayed by month, day, year. Date is displayed by day, month, year.

[YY/MM/DD]

[MM/DD/YY]

[DD/MM/YY]

[SET TIME]

Used to set the time stamp. See Section 3.7.1.4 for more information on this feature. Time is displayed by hours, minutes, seconds.

[HH/MM/SS]

[DISPLAY TIME]

Allows options for displaying date and/ or time. See Section 3.7.1.5 for more information on this feature. Displays both date and time (default). Displays only the date. Displays only the time. Neither the time nor date are displayed.

[TIME & DATE]

[DATE]

[TIME]

[OFF]

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2.7

Standard Camera Accessories

AC Adapter

Battery Charger

(2) Battery Packs

Neck Strap and Grip Belt

Lens Protection Cap

32MB Memory Card with Compact Flash Adapter

Operators Manual

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2.8

Internal construction and function

Component
Infrared Optics

Function
Collects passive infrared energy from target within the FOV of the instrument and focuses onto the UFPA detector. Material of the optical system is normally germanium or silicon. Collects visible portion of electromagnetic spectrum originated from target to create a visible image of the target. Material of the optics is glass. An uncooled focal plane array, consisting of 320x240 elements, which are sensitive to infrared energy. The radiation of infrared energy changes, for example, the resistance of each individual element. Different temperature ranges or different applications may demand different infrared filters. A stepper motor will drive the infrared filter wheel. It amplifies the minute changes sensed by each detector element caused by incoming infrared energy. Handles all necessary algorithm or look-up tables for conversion of incoming energy to actual temperatures. Computer Processing Unit, which arranges, manages, receives or sends all necessary instruction to perform a given task such as changes for different temperature ranges.

Visible Optics

UFPA Microbolometer

Infrared Filters

Pre Amp

Signal Processing

CPU

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Button Control Panels Battery Check

Operator input device This feature monitors the remaining capacity of the battery and provides an early warning to the operator. Allows an operator to record a voice memo and replay it back at a later time. This module converts the output of the signal processor to different types of recognizable outputs. Recognizable digital outputs for communication with a personal computer. Analog video signal can directly go to a video monitor. the RS232C is reserved for communication with the internal signal processor and CPU for firmware updating modifications and calibration. Insertion of a flash memory card allows the images to be recorded for viewing at a later time. A RGB color video is optionally available for external display to be mounted on the shoe bracket on top of the instrument. Displays the thermal and visible images.

Microphone/Speaker I/F Module

GP-IB or Firewire RS232C/S-Video & Analog Video

Memory Card

Display

Viewfinder

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3.1 Charging the Batteries
Your MikroScan 7400 was supplied with two Lithium Ion (Li-ion) Batteries. When fully charged, each battery should provide approximately 110 minutes of continuous operating use. Because these batteries have been shipped from the Mikron Factory with a minimal charge, they will need to be fully charged before use.
Step 1 Step 2

NOTE:
Store battery packs in a cool, dark location when not in use. Recharge the battery pack every 6 months when in storage. Also recharge before and after every use.

Step 3

Step 4

NOTE:
If the charger has been connected to the power supply before placing the battery packs into position, the charging pattern will not be position dependent. That is, the first battery to be inserted will begin charging regardless of the position it holds. Once that battery is fully charged, the second battery will begin charging. 1) Position one battery pack on the battery charger by aligning the brackets and terminal ports on the battery pack to those on the charger. 2) Press down on the battery pack while sliding it forward into position. 3) Repeat the above steps for the second battery pack. 4) Plug the battery charger power cord into a standard wall outlet. The battery packs are not charged simultaneously, but instead are charged individually. When the battery packs are installed before the power supply is connected, the battery pack in position 1 will be charged first. Once that battery pack has been fully charged, the battery pack in position 2 will begin to charge. Charging time is approximately 100 minutes per battery.

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3.1
NOTE:
If the battery temperature is lower than -10C 3C or higher than 60C 3C, the charger goes into a standby mode and the charging lamps will continue to flash green for 120 minutes. After 120 minutes, the charging lights turn black.

Charging the Batteries (continued)

The battery charger has one red Power On lamp and two green Charging lamps. The charging indicator lights indicate the charger assembly status as listed below:
Color Green, Flashing
Power Lamp Charging Lamp 2 Charging Lamp 1

Status Charging

Notes Flashes green on and off at 1 Hz while in the charging mode. Indicator light will remain green once the battery pack has been fully charged. Charging lights will turn off if an error has been detected.

Green

Full Charge

Black

Error

3.2

Connecting the Power Supply

Although there are several optional power supply accessories available for your MikroScan 7400, the standard power supply options supplied with your camera include the AC Adapter and two battery packs. This section will cover the steps necessary for using these standard power supply options.

3.2.1 Before You Begin


Before applying any power source to your MikroScan 7400, it is important that the power switch on the camera be in the off position.
Step 1 Step 2

I = on position

O = off position

1) Open the hatch cover on the back of the camera. 2) Verify that power switch is in the off position as indicated in the figure above.

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3.2.2

Attaching the Battery Pack

Before attaching the battery pack to your MikroScan 7400, it is important that the power switch on the camera be in the off position.
Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

1) Position the fully-charged battery pack over the latch on the terminal side of the camera as indicated by the arrow in Step 1 above. 2) Press the battery pack into place on the latch until you hear a slight click as indicated in Step 2 above. 3) Push the battery pack forward until it snaps into position as indicated in Step 3 above.

3.2.3 Connecting the AC Adapter


Before connecting the AC Adapter to your MikroScan 7400, it is important that the power switch on the camera be in the off position.
AC connector

NOTE:
When the AC Adapter and battery are connected at the same time, the camera receives its power from the AC Adapter, not the battery.

DC connector

1) Open the terminal cover on the camera. 2) Connect the DC connector of the AC Adapter to the DC input connector on the camera. 3) Connect the AC connector to the AC Adapter. 4) Plug the AC power cord into a standard wall outlet.

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3.3

Attaching the Neck Strap

Before operating your MikroScan 7400, it is recommended that you attach the Neck Strap to prevent accidently dropping the camera during operation.

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

1) Slip the loop of the neck strap through the slot on the hand grip bracket located on the side of the camera. 2) Thread the neck strap through the loop to make a secure knot. 3) Adjust the strap as necessary for a comfortable fit.

3.4

Handling the Lens Protection Cap

Your MikroScan 7400 was shipped with a lens protection cap which was designed specifically for the MikroScan 7400. The lens protection cap not only offers protection to the camera lens, but it can also be used for performing a reference calibration of the camera (See Section 6.5.2 for more information regarding on calibrating the instrument).

When camera operation has been completed, always attach the lens protection cap to protect the lens from damage.

3.4.1

Removing the Lens Cap


1) Squeeze the clips on both side of the lens cap. 2) Pull the lens protection cap off of the camera lens.

3.4.2

Attaching the Lens Cap


1) Position the lens protection cap over the camera lens with the clips aligned horizontally to the camera. 2) Squeeze the clips on both sides of the lens cap and place over the camera lens. 3) Release the clips and verify that the lens protection cap is secure.

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3.5

Handling the Memory Card

Make sure to use only a recommended compact flash card and format the card using the MikroScan 7400. See Section 4.16 for more information on formatting.

Your MikroScan 7400 was shipped with a 32MB Compact Flash Memory Card which is capable of storing approximately 184 images. A Compact Flash Adapter was also supplied to provide transfer of images through a PCMCIA card slot in your laptop computer or through a Card Reader attached to your personal computer. This section provides information on installing the memory card into the MikroScan 7400. Before inserting or removing the memory card, it is important that the power switch on the camera be in the off position.

NOTE:
Installation of the memory card does not affect the operation of the camera. However, the memory card must be inserted for formatting and when saving or retrieving images.

3.5.1

Inserting the Memory Card


1) Remove the memory card from the Compact Flash Adapter. 2) Turn the memory card so that the connecting pins are vertically aligned with the Memory Card Expansion Slot on the Camera. 3) Insert the memory card until you hear a click.

3.5.2

Removing the Memory Card


1) Push the release button located at the bottom of the Memory Card Expansion Slot to release the memory card. 2) Pull the memory card from the camera. 3) Insert the memory card into the Compact Flash Adapter.

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3.6

Obtaining the First Image


1) Connect the power supply as described in Section 3.2 of this manual. 2) Open the hatch cover on the back of the camera. 3) Insert the memory card or attach the appropriate cable to the com serial port connector for video and data capture. 4) Remove the lens cover. 5) Move the power switch to the on position.

I = on position

O = off position

Once the power switch has been turned on, the camera will enter an initialization mode. During initialization, a display will appear showing the software version, the color palette bar, and the progress of the system check in the form of a blue dotted line.

Palette Bar Camera Software Version

System Check

Initialization in Progress

Once the initialization process has been completed, the camera enters the run mode and the display changes to show additional information on the various camera settings as well as the scene towards which the camera is pointed.

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6) Rotate the electronic viewfinder so that it is in a comfortable position for easily viewing the display.

NOTE:
When the camera is powered on, the display is automatically placed in run mode.

7) Aim the camera at a recognizable warm object like a hand, plant, or cup of coffee.
Emissivity Range
Cursor Point

Image Mode

Sensitivity

Gain Control Ambient Compensation

Date/Time

Run/Freeze Mode
Menu/Memo/Visible Cursor/Standby

Image Display

Temperature Range
Color Palette Bar

Page

Main Display--Run Mode

The color contours shown in the display delineate areas of different temperature, and the actual temperature of a given area can be established by comparing the color of the area with the color palette bar and the equivalent temperature scale (See figure above).

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3.7
3.7.1

Setting Up Display Options


Setting the Date and Time Functions
The date and time function of the MikroScan 7400 sets the internal clock for the camera. The date and time is saved as part of the image file and can be viewed on the display. The date and time functions are set as follows: 3.7.1.1 Accessing the date and time menu functions

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode. See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes.

1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu.

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Getting Started

1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Date and Time Menu Functions (See Section 3.7.1.1 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [DATE FORMAT] from the list of menu options.
[DATE FORMAT SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the date format options.


[DATE FORMAT OPTION SELECTED]

4) Press the + or - button to scroll through the highlighted date format options to select the desired date format. The date format options are: YY/MM/DD: (year, month, day) [DEFAULT] MM/DD/YY: (month, day, year) DD/MM/YY: (day, month, year) 5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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Getting Started

1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Date and Time Menu Functions (See Section 3.7.1.1 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET DATE] from the list of menu options.
[SET DATE SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the first set of variables.


[DATE VARIABLE SELECTED]

4) Press the + or - button to increase or decrease the numeric value of the selected variable. The variable options are dependent upon the date format setting (See Section 3.7.1.2 of this manual). The variable options appear in the following order: YY/MM/DD: (year, month, day) [DEFAULT] MM/DD/YY: (month, day, year) DD/MM/YY: (day, month, year) 5) Repeat steps 3 and 4 above to set the remaining two variables. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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Getting Started

1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Date and Time Menu Functions (See Section 3.7.1.1 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET TIME] from the list of menu options.
[SET TIME SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the first set of variables.


[TIME VARIABLE SELECTED]

4) Press the + or - button to increase or decrease the numeric value of the selected variable. The variable options appear in the following order: HH/MM/SS: (hour, minute, second) 5) Repeat steps 3 and 4 above to set the remaining two variables. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Date and Time Menu Functions (See Section 3.7.1.1 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [DISPLAY TIME] from the list of menu options.
[DISPLAY TIME SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the display time options.


[DISPLAY TIME OPTIONS SELECTED]

4) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired display time option. The display time options are: TIME & DATE (DEFAULT) DATE TIME OFF 5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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3.7.2

Selecting the Temperature Unit


The temperature scale is displayed on the right-hand side of the display screen next to the color palette bar. The scale shows how the temperature levels and their associated colors are distributed throughout the image displayed. The high end of the temperature range is shown at the top of the scale and the low end of the temperature range is shown at the bottom of the scale. The temperature range can be displayed in degrees Celsius or degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature unit can be selected as follows: 1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode. See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes.

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu.

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5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [TEMP UNIT] from the list of menu options.
[TEMP UNIT SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the unit options.


[TEMP UNIT OPTION SELECTED]

7) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired unit from the list of menu options. 8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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3.7.3

Working with the Color Palette Options


The MikroScan 7400 offers a large number of palette options which allow the target to be displayed as a colorized or monochrome thermal image. Choice of a particular palette will depend on the scene being monitored, operator comfort and other considerations such as ease of focusing. 3.7.3.1 Choosing a Color Palette

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode. See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes.

1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [COLOR] from the list of menu options.
[COLOR SELECTED]

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4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

[PALETTE SELECTION]

[SPECTRUM CHOICE]

A bar will appear at the bottom of the screen showing the displays current color palette selection and spectrum choice. 5) Press the + or - button to scroll through the highlighted palette selection labels to select the desired palette.

[HIGHLIGHTED PALETTE SELECTION LABEL]

Palette selection options are as follows: COLOR POSI (256, 128, 64, 32, 16) COLOR NEG (256, 128, 64, 32, 16) MONO POSI (256, 128, 64, 32, 16) MONO NEG (256, 128, 64, 32, 16) 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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Getting Started

1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [COLOR] from the list of menu options.
[COLOR SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

[PALETTE SELECTION]

[SPECTRUM CHOICE]

A bar will appear at the bottom of the screen showing the displays current color palette selection and spectrum choice.

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5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the Spectrum Choice Label. 6) Press the + or - button to scroll through the highlighted spectrum labels to select the desired spectrum.

[HIGHLIGHTED SPECTRUM CHOICE LABEL]

Palette spectrum options are as follows: Shine Rainbow Brightness Hot Iron Medical 7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

3.7.4

Switching between the Color and Monochrome Display


The instrument has the capability of switching back and forth between a color display and a monochrome display. 1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the COLOR PALETTE BAR appears highlighted on the display.

[HIGHLIGHTED COLOR PALETTE BAR]

2) Press either the + or - button to switch between a Color display or a Monochrome display.

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3.7.5

Enabling and Disabling the Color Bar


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
Disabling the color bar will have no affect on its functionality. In other words, changes can still be made to the color bar by following the procedures as outlined in Section 4.8 entitled Adjusting the Temperature Level. If the Temperature Level needs to be adjusted while the color bar is disabled, the color bar will appear in reverse video while the adjustments are being made.

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu.

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5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [COLOR BAR] from the list of menu options.
[COLOR BAR SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the color bar options.


[COLOR BAR OPTION SELECTED]

7) Press the + or - button as needed to select the color bar option from the list of menu options. 8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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3.7.6

Enabling and Disabling the Status Bar


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
Disabling the status bar will have no affect on the functionality of the display menu items. In other words, changes can still be made to the display menu items by following the procedures in this manual which relate to each display menu item. If a display menu item needs to be adjusted while the status bar is disabled, the display menu item will appear in reverse video while the adjustments are being made.

STATUS BAR

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu.

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5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [STATUS BAR] from the list of menu options.
[STATUS BAR SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the status bar options.


[STATUS BAR OPTION SELECTED]

7) Press the + or - button as needed to select the status bar option from the list of menu options. 8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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3.8

Selecting a Lens Option


The MikroScan 7400 supports a lens with a 29(H) x 22(V) FOV, which is provided as a standard feature. It also supports additional lenses, which are available at the time of purchase. When a lens is changed, the instrument must be matched to the new lens characteristics. The lens option is changed as follows: 1) Verify the display is in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode. See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes.

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [LENS ASSEMBLY] from the list of menu options.
[LENS ASSEMBLY SELECTED]

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5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the lens assembly options.


[LENS ASSEMBLY OPTION SELECTED]

6) Press the + or - button as needed to select the appropriate lens assembly option from the list of menu options. The six lens assembly options are: STANDARD (standard feature) TELEPHOTO A TELEPHOTO B WIDE ANGLE A WIDE ANGLE B CLOSE UP A CLOSE UP B CLOSE UP C 7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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3.9

Setting the Frame Rate


The MikroScan 7400 can capture image data at a user-selectable rate of 1/30 seconds or 1/60 seconds. The Frame Rate can be set as follows: 1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode. See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes.

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu.

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5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [FRAME RATE] from the list of menu options.
[FRAME RATE SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the frame rate options.


[FRAME RATE OPTION SELECTED]

7) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired frame rate from the list of menu options. 8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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3.10 Setting the Image Mode


The user can select from six image mode combinations to match the instruments performance to the scene being monitored. The choices are: FAST Used to capture changes in the temperature scene occurring in the seconds time domain. Image data can be captured at 1/30 seconds or 1/60 seconds (See Section 3.9 of this manual for more information on Setting the Frame Rate). Averages image data to reduce noise and improve the NETD (Noise Equivalent Temperature Difference). Provides x2 or x4 image zoom in either Fast or Normal mode.

NORMAL

ZOOM

The image mode can be selected as follows: 1) Press the SELECT button until the image mode becomes active on the display status bar.
[IMAGE MODE HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the + or - button to set the desired image mode. Image mode options are as follows: FAST NORM FTX2 (FAST MODE X 2) NRX2 (NORM MODE X 2) FTX4 (FAST MODE X 4) NRX4 (NORM MODE X 4) The image mode selection takes effect as soon as the + or button is released.
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3.11 Selecting Spatial Filtering


The Spatial Filtering feature of the MikroScan 7400 allows an additional level of image smoothing to a thermal image. 1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode. See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes.

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [FILTERING] from the list of menu options.
[FILTERING SELECTED]

4) Press the SELECT button to highlight the spatial filtering options.

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[FILTERING OPTION SELECTED]

The Spatial Filtering options are as follows: ON OFF 5) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired filtering option from the list of menu options. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. If the ON option has been selected: 7) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the value.
[FILTERING VALUE HIGHLIGHTED]

8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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3.12 Selecting a Voice Memo Recording Option


The MikroScan 7400 allows voice annotations to be added to image files that are saved in the .SIT format. These voice files can be replayed on the MikroScan 7400 or transferred along with all other image data to an external computer. 1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] command menu.

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5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [VOICE MEMO] from the list of menu options.
[VOICE MEMO SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the desired voice memo recording option.
[VOICE MEMO RECORDING OPTION HIGHLIGHTED]

7) Press the + or - button as needed to select [ON] to activate the voice recording function, or select [OFF] to deactivate the voice recording function. 8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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3.13 Working with the Visible Save Option


NOTES:
1. When the measuring distance is more than 1 meter, the visible camera has the ability to display the full screen area of the infrared image. When the measuring distance is less than 1 meter, the visible camera can not display a part of the infrared image because of the difference in the optical axis. The viewing field is obstructed by the installation of the optional telephoto lens or wide angle lens, therefore the visible image can not be displayed the same as the infrared image. Because the focus distance is fixed, it can not focus a measuring object within 30cm. Therefore, when the optional closefocus lens is installed, the visible image will not be displayed correctly. The infrared image and visible image can not be displayed simultaneously. There is approximately a one-second time difference between the saving of a thermal image and the saving of a visible image. The visible image can not be displayed if the ambient temperature becomes more than 45C during continuous operation.

The MikroScan 7400 allows visible images to be viewed and saved with their thermal image counterparts. These visible light images can be reviewed through the MikroScan 7400 or transferred along with all other image data to an external computer.

3.13.1 Selecting a Visible Save Option


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2.

3.

4.

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

5.

6.

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] command menu.

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5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [VISIBLE SAVE] from the list of menu options.
[VISIBLE SAVE SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the desired visible save option.
[VISIBLE SAVE OPTION HIGHLIGHTED]

7) Press the + or - button as needed to select [IR LINK] to activate the visible save function, or select [OFF] to deactivate the visible save function. 8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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3.13.2 Choosing to Automatically Save Visible Light Images


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] command menu.

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5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [VISIBLE MODE] from the list of menu options.
[VISIBLE MODE SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the desired visible mode option.
[VISIBLE MODE OPTION HIGHLIGHTED]

The two visible mode options are as follows: CONTINUATION AUTO OFF 7) Press the + or - button as needed to select [CONTINUATION] to automatically save visible light images with thermal images, or select [AUTO OFF] to deactivate the automatic save function. 8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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3.13.3 Viewing a Visible Light Image (Option 1)


1) Follow steps 1-8 for Selecting a Visible Light Option. In step 7 of Selecting a Visible Light Option, be sure to select [IR LINK]. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [VISIBLE] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.

NOTE
The steps outlined in this section will only work if the gain control function has been turned off. If the display is showing the gain control label [AGC] or [LVL.T], you would need to view the visible image while you are in the [FRZ] mode (See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes.), or you would need to turn off the gain control function to view the visible image while you are in the [RUN] mode (see Section 4.10 for more information on Working with the Gain Control Function).

[VISIBLE HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the RUN button to display the visible light image.


[VISIBLE LIGHT IMAGE]

4) Press the MODE button to return to the main display.

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3.13.4 Viewing a Visible Light Image (Option 2)


1) Follow steps 1-8 for Selecting a Visible Light Option. In step 7 of Selecting a Visible Light Option, be sure to select [IR LINK]. 2) Press the MODE button to display the visible light image.
[VISIBLE LIGHT IMAGE]

3) Press the MODE button to return to the main display.


[MAIN DISPLAY]

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4.1 Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes
The MikroScan 7400 on board processing software allows you to view images at a selectable rate of 30 or 60 frames per second in the run mode. Because the run mode operates in real-time, the time clock, image, and image data are continuously updated. The software also allows you to freeze an image (freeze mode) which stops the time clock and allows more time for viewing and analyzing data associated with a single image frame.

NOTE
Most display and menu options function while the camera is in either the Run or Freeze mode. However, there are certain options that only function when the camera is in the Run mode, while others only function when the camera is in the Freeze mode. Freeze Mode Only Options include: Memory Card Page Select Voice Memo Run Mode Only Options include: Ambient Comp. Background Comp. Calibration Emissivity Focus Gain Control Lens Assembly Range

4.1.1

Switching to Freeze Mode


1) Press the RUN button. 2) Verify [FRZ] is highlighted at the upper right hand corner of the display and that the time clock has stopped.
[FREEZE HIGHLIGHTED]

4.1.2

Returning to Run Mode


1) Press the RUN button. 2) Verify [RUN] is highlighted at the upper right hand corner of the display and that the time clock has restarted.
[RUN HIGHLIGHTED]

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4.2

Using the Power Standby Mode

The instrument can be placed in Power Standby mode to conserve battery power and to eliminate detector stabilization time when making intermittent measurements. To enter Standby mode

NOTE
All camera settings are saved when the instrument is in Standby or Power Off modes.

1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press either the + or - button to select [STANDBY] from the list of options displayed.
[STANDBY SELECTED]

Do not leave the camera in Standby mode for an extended period of time as it will eventually deplete the battery charge. Be sure to turn the power switch off when the measurements have been completed.

3) Press the RUN button. The screen will darken and the Power On LED will flash approximately every 2 seconds. If the battery power is depleted while in Standby mode, the Power LED will flash rapidly. 4) Press the RUN button to return to normal operation. The instrument will go through the system check and normal operation will resume after approximately 20 seconds.

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4.3

Working with Emissivity Settings

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

Emissivity is the ratio of the infrared energy radiated from the surface of a target to the infrared energy radiated from a blackbody at the same temperature. The emissivity varies with the surface condition of the object and also with temperature variation and wavelength. If this value is not accurate, then the true temperature cannot be measured. In other words, a variation or change in emissivity will cause a change in the image results from the MikroScan 7400.

4.3.1

Establishing the Display Emissivity Setting (Option 1)


1) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
If the term emissivity is not familiar, please refer to the sections Principles of Infrared Measurement, Practical Measurement and Emissivities of Various Materials at the end of this manual.

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [EMISS] from the list of menu options.
[EMISS SELECTED]

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5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the emissivity settings.


[EMISSIVITY SETTINGS HIGHLIGHTED]

6) Press the + or - button as needed to select an emissivity setting from .10 to 1.00. 7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. The new display will appear showing the new emissivity setting.

4.3.2

Establishing the Display Emissivity Setting (Option 2)


1) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the emissivity value appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[EMISSIVITY VALUE HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the emissivity value of the display. The display will automatically reflect the selected emissivity value.

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4.4

Adjusting for Ambient Compensation

The MikroScan 7400 includes an ambient compensation feature which compensates for the influence of the ambient up to the measurement object. When a target is of low emissivity it will have a high reflectivity. If the target is at a great distance and the target is close to ambient temperature the infrared energy of the surrounding objects and the intervening atmosphere will be reflected by the target into the sensor and measures as emitted radiation. The two AMBIENT COMPENSATION modes are as follows: Mode
PARAM.

Function Input the atmospheric temperature, the humidity, and the distance up to the measuring object, get the compensation value from them, and compensate the measuring data. Input the atmospheric temperature and the compensation value, and compensate the measuring data with them.

VALUE

4.4.1 NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

Accessing the Ambient Compensation Mode Settings


1) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu.

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4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [AMBIENT COMPENSATION] from the list of menu options.
[AMBIENT COMPENSATION SELECTED]

5) Press the RUN button to display the [AMBIENT COMPENSATION] menu. 6) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SETUP MODE] from the list of menu options.
[SETUP MODE SELECTED]

7) Press the SELECT button to highlight the setup mode option.

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4.4.2

Setting Ambient Compensation using the Parameter Mode


1) Follow steps 1-7 for Accessing the Ambient Compensation Mode Settings (See Section 4.4.1 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [PARAM.] from the list of menu options.
[PARAM. MODE SELECTED]

NOTE
When the ambient compensation mode has been activated, the letters AMB appear on the displays status bar. This designates that the ambient compensation mode has been turned on and that emissivity has been adjusted by the ambient compensation value. Refer to Deactivating the Ambient Compensation Mode found in Section 4.4.4 of this manual for information on turning off the ambient compensation mode.

3) Press the SELECT button to set the [PARAM.] option and return to the list of displayed options. OR 4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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Basic Operation

1) Follow steps 1-3 for Setting Ambient Compensation using the Param. mode (See Section 4.4.2 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [ATMOSPHERIC TEMP] from the list of menu options.
[ATMOSPHERIC TEMP SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the atmospheric temp value.


[ATMOSPHERIC TEMP HIGHLIGHTED]

4) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the atmospheric temperature value. The compensation value will automatically reflect the adjustments made to this parameter. 5) Press the SELECT button to set the [ATMOSPHERIC TEMP.] value and return to the list of displayed options. OR 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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Section 4 4.4.2.2 Setting the Relative Humidity Value

Basic Operation

1) Follow steps 1-3 for Setting Ambient Compensation using the Param. mode (See Section 4.4.2 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [RELATIVE HUMIDITY] from the list of menu options.
[RELATIVE HUMIDITY HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the relative humidity value.


[RELATIVE HUMIDITY OPTION HIGHLIGHTED]

4) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the relative humidity value. The compensation value will automatically reflect the adjustments made to this parameter. 5) Press the SELECT button to set the [RELATIVE HUMIDITY] value and return to the list of displayed options. OR 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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Basic Operation

1) Follow steps 1-3 for Setting Ambient Compensation using the Param. mode (See Section 4.4.2 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select the [OBJECT DISTANCE] from the list of menu options.
[OBJECT DISTANCE SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the object distance option.


[OBJECT DISTANCE VALUE HIGHLIGHTED]

4) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease object distance. The compensation value will automatically reflect the adjustments made to this parameter. 5) Press the SELECT button to set the [OBJECT DISTANCE] and return to the list of displayed options. OR 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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4.4.3

Setting Ambient Compensation using the Value Mode


1) Follow steps 1-7 for Accessing the Ambient Compensation Mode Settings (See Section 4.4.1 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [VALUE] from the list of menu options.
[VALUE MODE SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to set the [VALUE] option and return to the list of displayed options. OR 4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. 4.4.3.1 Changing the Atmospheric Temperature Value 1) Follow steps 1-3 for Setting Ambient Compensation using the Value mode (See Section 4.4.3 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [ATMOSPHERIC TEMP] from the list of menu options.
[ATMOSPHERIC TEMP SELECTED]

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3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the atmospheric temp value.


[ATMOSPHERIC TEMP HIGHLIGHTED]

4) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the atmospheric temperature value. 5) Press the SELECT button to set the [ATMOSPHERIC TEMP] value and return to the list of displayed options. OR 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. 4.4.3.2 Setting the Compensation Value 1) Follow steps 1-3 for Setting Ambient Compensation using the Value mode (See Section 4.4.3 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [COMPENSATION VALUE] from the list of menu options.
[COMPENSATION VALUE SELECTED]

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3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the compensation value.


[COMPENSATION VALUE HIGHLIGHTED]

4) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the compensation value. 5) Press the SELECT button to set the [COMPENSATION VALUE] and return to the list of displayed options. OR 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

4.4.4

Deactivating the Ambient Compensation Mode


1) Follow steps 1-7 for Accessing the Ambient Compensation Mode Settings (See Section 4.4.1 of this manual).
[AMBIENT MODE ACTIVATED]

2) Press the MODE button to cancel out of the Ambient Compensation mode.

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4.5

Adjusting for Background Compensation

When the emissivity of measured object is low, reflectivity will be high. If background objects are radiating larger amounts of infrared radiation, due to either higher temperature than the target or higher emissivity, the infrared energy from the background will add to the indicated temperature reported by the MikroScan 7400 thus causing an error. The MikroScan 7400 incorporates a sophisticated algorithm to remove these types of reflectivity/background errors. To adjust the Background Compensation temperature value: 1) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode. 3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [BACKGROUND COMPENSATION] from the list of menu options.
[BACKGROUND COMPENSATION SELECTED]

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5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

NOTE
The temperature of the cursor point is displayed at the bottom of the screen. (When the cursor point is OFF, the temperature is determined from the center of the screen.

A bar will appear at the bottom of the screen showing the current background compensation setting. 6) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the background compensation temperature value.
[BACKGROUND COMPENSATION TEMPERATURE VALUE SELECTED]

7) Press the RUN button to set the value and to return to the main display.

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4.6

Adjusting the Focus

Precise focusing is important in order to provide the best visual resolution of the area being measured and to exclude extraneous surfaces or objects. The minimum focus range is 30 cm, while the maximum focus range is infinity. 1) Verify the display is in [RUN] mode and that no other parameter is highlighted.

TIP:
It may be helpful to switch to a monochrome display before focusing. See Section 3.7.4 for more information on Switching between a Color and Monochrome Display.

2) Press the + or - button to focus the image.

[FOCUS INDICATOR BAR]

[NEAR]

[FAR]

Pressing the - button will move the blue focus indicator bar toward the near focus range of 30 cm. Pressing the + button will move the blue focus indicator bar toward the far focus range of infinity.

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4.7
NOTE
The Sensitivity Level settings for Range 1 and Range 2 are RANGE 1
Fahrenheit [S0.7F] [S1.0F] [S1.5F] [S2.0F] [S3.0F] [S5.0F] [S7.0F] [S10F] [S15F] [S20F] [S30F] [S50F] Celsius [S0.3C] [S0.5C] [S0.7C] [S1.0C] [S1.5C] [S2.0C] [S3.0C] [S5.0C] [S7.0C] [S10C] [S15C] [S20C]

Adjusting the Sensitivity

The level of sensitivity determines the instruments ability to resolve adjacent areas of different temperature within the overall scene. Since only a small portion of the whole temperature range is used for viewing, it is often necessary to increase or decrease the intervals of the temperature scale by adjusting the Sensitivity Level. Adjustments to the Sensitivity Level are made as follows: 1) Press the SELECT button several times until the sensitivity level becomes active on the display status bar.
[SENSITIVITY LEVEL HIGHLIGHTED]

RANGE 2
Fahrenheit [S1.5F] [S2.0F] [S3.0F] [S5.0F] [S7.0F] [S10F] [S15F] [S20F] [S30F] [S50F] [S70F] [S100F] Celsius [S0.7C] [S1.0C] [S1.5C] [S2.0C] [S3.0C] [S5.0C] [S7.0C] [S10C] [S15C] [S20C] [S30C] [S50C]

2) Press the + or - button to set the desired level of sensitivity.

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4.8

Adjusting the Temperature Level

The temperature level setting determines the span of temperature displayed on the screen within the overall temperature range. (See Section 4.11 for more information on temperature ranges). Ideally, the span should embrace most of the temperatures of interest and be equally displaced about some median temperature in the target area. Adjustments to the temperature level are made as follows: 1) Press the SELECT button until the temperature level becomes active on the display status bar.
[TEMPERATURE LEVEL HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The Maximum Temperature Level for Range 1 is 120C (248F), while the Minimum Temperature Level for Range 1 is -40C (-40F). The Maximum Temperature Level for Range 2 is 500C (932F), while the Minimum Temperature Level for Range 2 is 0 (32F).

2) Press the + or - button to change the temperature level. If the temperature of the target area exceeds the upper or lower limit of the selected range, the range setting will need to be adjusted accordingly (See Sections 4.11 and 4.12 for more information on temperature ranges).

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4.9
NOTE
When there is little difference between the measuring object and its surroundings, AUTO Processing may not function completely. Refer to Sections 4.6, 4.7, and 4.8 for more information on adjusting the focus, sensitivity, and temperature level.

Using the Auto Processing Functions

The MikroScan 7400 includes an auto formatting feature which automatically focuses the instrument and optimizes the temperature and sensitivity ranges for the target being monitored. The four AUTO settings available are as follows Feature
FULL AUTO AUTO FOCUS AUTO SENSITIVITY AUTO LEVEL

Function Automatically sets the optimum values for the focus position, sensitivity, temperature level Automatically sets the optimum values for the focus position Automatically sets the level of sensitivity Automatically sets the optimum temperature level

4.9.1

Accessing the Auto Formatting Options


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

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4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu. 5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [AUTO MODE] from the list of menu options.
[AUTO MODE SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the Auto Mode options. 7) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired option from the list of menu options.
[AUTO MODE OPTION SELECTED]

8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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4.9.2 NOTE
If the Full Auto function is performed during Freeze mode, adjustments will only be made to the sensitivity and temperature levels of the instrument. There will be no adjustments made to the focus position.

Performing the Full Auto Function


1) Follow steps 1-7 for Accessing the Auto Formatting Functions (See Section 4.9.1 of this manual). 2) Verify the [AUTO MODE] in the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu is set to
[FULL].

3) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode (See Section 4.1 of this manual for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes). 4) Press the AUTO button The screen will freeze momentarily while the instrument is auto processing. Once auto processing has been completed, the display will once again appear in [RUN] mode.

4.9.3 NOTE
The Auto Focus adjustment is performed around the existing cursor positions. If there is no cursor present, the adjustment will be performed around the center of the display screen.

Performing the Auto Focus Function


1) Follow steps 1-7 for Accessing the Auto Formatting Functions (See Section 4.9.1 of this manual). 2) Verify the [AUTO MODE] in the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu is set to
[FOCUS].

3) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode (See Section 4.1 of this manual for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes). 4) Press the AUTO button The screen will freeze momentarily while the instrument is auto processing. Once auto processing has been completed, the display will once again appear in [RUN] mode.

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4.9.4

Performing the Auto Sensitivity Function


1) Press the SELECT button until the sensitivity level becomes active on the display status bar.

NOTE
The AUTO Sensitivity function can be performed in both RUN and FREEZE modes.

[SENSITIVITY HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the AUTO button. The screen will freeze momentarily while the instrument is auto processing in [RUN] mode. Once auto processing has been completed, the display will once again appear in [RUN] mode.

4.9.5

Performing the Auto Level function


1) Press the SELECT button until the temperature level becomes active on the display status bar.

NOTE
The AUTO Level function can be performed in both RUN and FREEZE modes.

[TEMPERATURE LEVEL HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the AUTO button. The screen will freeze momentarily while the instrument is auto processing in [RUN] mode. Once auto processing has been completed, the display will once again appear in [RUN] mode.

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4.10 Working with the Gain Control Function


The MikroScan 7400 includes a gain control feature which is used for performing automatic temperature or automatic sensitivity tracing. The two GAIN CONTROL modes are as follows: Mode
LEVEL TRACE

Function The cross cursor traces a point temperature signal, and always controls for the temperature signal level to become the center level of the color bar. When the cross cursor is not used, the temperature signal of the center (X=160, Y=120) of the thermal image is traced. It traces the temperature signal of the entire thermal image, and always controls the display sensitivity and temperature level to be at their optimal values. By combining use of this mode and the Level/Sens gang mode of the range mode, the temperature signal can be traced beyond the range.

AUTO GAIN

4.10.1 Selecting a Gain Control Option


1) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu.

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4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [GAIN CONTROL] from the list of menu options.
[GAIN CONTROL SELECTED]

5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the gain control options.


[GAIN CONTROL OPTIONS HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The Gain Control Feature can be activated and deactivated by pressing the MODE button. A white gain control label indicates that the Gain Control option has been activated, while a green label indicates that the Gain Control feature has been deactivated. The three gain control options are:
OFF LVL.T AGC GAIN CONTROL OFF PERFORM LEVEL TRACE GAIN CONTROL PERFORM AUTO GAIN CONTROL

6) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired gain control option from the list of options. 7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. Once a Gain Control option has been selected the appropriate label will appear in the status bar on the main display screen. The Gain Control feature can then be activated and deactivated by pressing the MODE button. A white gain control label indicates that the Gain Control option has been activated, while a green label indicates that the Gain Control feature has been deactivated.

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4.11 Selecting the Temperature Range and Mode


Two temperature ranges are provided as a standard camera feature and an additional high temp option is available at the time of purchase. These three ranges provide an overall temperature span of -40C to 2000C (-40F to 3632F). Each range offers a FIXED range mode setting and a L/S LINK (Level/Sens linking mode) setting. In the FIXED mode, the LEVEL and SENSITIVITY can be adjusted to their minimum and maximum levels without affecting the displayed range. In the L/S LINK mode, adjustments made beyond the LEVEL will switch the camera from one range to the other.

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

4.11.1 Selecting the Temperature Range


1) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [RANGE] from the list of menu options.
[RANGE SELECTED]

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5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the range number.


[RANGE NUMBER HIGHLIGHTED]

The two standard temperature ranges are


RANGE 1 RANGE 2 -40C TO 120C (-40F TO 248F) 0C TO 500C (32F TO 932F)

6) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired range number from the list of menu options. 7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

4.11.2 Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting


1) Follow steps 1-6 for Selecting the Temperature Range (See Section 4.11.1 of this manual). 2) Press the SELECT button to highlight the temperature range mode.
[RANGE MODE HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired temperature range mode from the list of menu options. The two temperature range modes are
FIXED L/S LINK (LEVEL/SENS LINKING MODE)

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4.12 Switching between Range 1 and Range 2


When the L/S LINK mode is selected for RANGE 1 and the temperature level exceeds the upper limit of RANGE 1, the instrument will automatically jump to RANGE 2. When the L/S LINK mode is selected for RANGE 2 and the temperature level exceeds the lower limit of RANGE 2, the instrument will automatically jump to RANGE 1.

4.12.1 Using the Manual Formatting Option with L/S Link


Follow steps 1-4 for Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting (See Section 4.11.2 of this manual). In step 3 of Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting, be sure to select [L/S LINK].
[L/S LINK RANGE MODE HIGHLIGHTED]

4.12.1.1 Jumping from Range 1 to Range 2

NOTE
The Sensitivity Level settings in common for Range 1 and Range 2 are Fahrenheit [S1.5F] [S2.0F] [S3.0F] [S5.0F] [S7.0F] [S10F] [S15F] [S20F] [S30F] [S50F] Celsius [S0.7C] [S1.0C] [S1.5C] [S2.0C] [S3.0C] [S5.0C] [S7.0C] [S10C] [S15C] [S20C]

1) Verify that the sensitivity level is set at a number which is common to the two ranges (See Section 4.7 of this manual for more information on Adjusting the Sensitivity).
[SENSITIVITY LEVEL]

If the sensitivity level is not set to a number which is in common between the two ranges, the instrument will not automatically jump to the next range.

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2) Press the SELECT button to highlight the temperature level.


[TEMPERATURE LEVEL HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The Maximum Temperature Level for Range 1 is 120C (248F). The Minimum Temperature Level for Range 2 is 0 (32F). 3) Hold the + button down until the temperature level exceeds the upper limit of RANGE 1.
[TEMPERATURE LEVEL HIGHLIGHTED]

[RANGE CHANGE)

The screen will freeze momentarily while the instrument is processing the range change. Once the processing has been completed, R2 will appear in the upper left corner of the display to indicate that the camera is now operating in RANGE 2.

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Basic Operation

NOTE
The Sensitivity Level settings in common for Range 1 and Range 2 are Fahrenheit [S1.5F] [S2.0F] [S3.0F] [S5.0F] [S7.0F] [S10F] [S15F] [S20F] [S30F] [S50F] Celsius [S0.7C] [S1.0C] [S1.5C] [S2.0C] [S3.0C] [S5.0C] [S7.0C] [S10C] [S15C] [S20C]

1) Verify that the sensitivity level is set at a number which is common to the two ranges (See Section 4.7 of this manual for more information on Adjusting the Sensitivity). 2) Press the SELECT button to highlight the temperature level. 3) Hold the - button down until the temperature level exceeds the lower limit of RANGE 2.
[TEMPERATURE LEVEL HIGHLIGHTED]

[RANGE CHANGE)

NOTE
The Maximum Temperature Level for Range 1 is 120C (248F). The Minimum Temperature Level for Range 2 is 0 (32F).

The screen will freeze momentarily while the instrument is processing the range change. Once the processing has been completed, R1 will appear in the upper left corner of the display to indicate that the camera is now operating in RANGE 1.

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4.12.2 Using the Auto Formatting Option with L/S Link


1) Follow steps 1-7 for Accessing the Auto Formatting Functions (See Section 4.9.1 of this manual). 2) Verify the AUTO MODE in the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu is set to [FULL] (See Section 4.9.2 of this manual for more information on Performing the Full Auto Function).
[AUTO MODE--FULL OPTION SELECTED]

3) Follow steps 1-4 for Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting (See Section 4.11.2 of this manual). In step 3 of Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting, be sure to select [L/S LINK].
[L/S LINK RANGE MODE HIGHLIGHTED]

4) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode (See Section 4.1 of this manual for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes). 5) Press the AUTO button. The screen will freeze momentarily while the instrument is auto processing. Once auto processing has been completed, the display will once again appear in [RUN] mode.

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4.13 Using the Memory Card


Your MikroScan 7400 was shipped with a 32MB Compact Flash Card which is capable of storing approximately 184 images. A Compact Flash Adapter was also supplied to provide transfer of images through a PCMCIA card slot in your laptop computer or through a Card Reader attached to your personal computer. This section provides information on using the memory card with the MikroScan 7400. Refer to Section 3.5 of this manual for information on Inserting and Removing the Memory Card.

4.13.1 Customizing the Memory Card File Names


The MikroScan 7400 stores images and image data to the memory card using a pre-defined naming convention. As such, each eleven character file name is made up of the following components

TH71 0001 SIT


4 Character Customizable File Name 4 Digit Auto Assigned Number 3 Character File Format Extension

4.13.1.1 Accessing the Memory Card File Name Option Menu 1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu.

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3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] command menu. 4.13.1.2 Setting the Memory Card File Name 1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Memory Card File Name Option menu (See Section 4.13.1.1 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [FILE NAME] from the list of menu options.
[FILE NAME SELECTED]

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3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the first character of the file name.
[FILE NAME CHARACTER HIGHLIGHTED]

4) Press the + or - button as needed to scroll through the characters to select a letter in the A-Z range or a number in the 0-9 range. 5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the next character of the file name. 6) Repeat steps 4 and 5 until the desired characters have been selected and/or changed. 7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. This four-character prefix will be applied to all saved images.

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4.13.2 Saving Images to the Memory Card


The MikroScan 7400 allows images to be stored to the memory card in the MikroScan 7400 file format utilizing the .SIT file extension or as a bitmap file with the .BMP file extension. When the image is saved with the .SIT extension, it is saved in a full 14-bit digital format and includes all the data associated with the file. If the voice memo function is activated, the voice memo will be embedded in the .SIT image file. Furthermore, if the visible save option is activated, the .SIT image will be saved along with its visible image counterpart as a single .SIT image file. When an image is saved with the .BMP file extension, it is only saved as an image file and does not include data which may be essential for future review and analysis. However, if the visible save option is activated, the visible image is saved as a .JPG visible light image file and is automatically linked to the .BMP thermal image file. 4.13.2.1 Selecting an Image Save Format 1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The MikroScan 7400 has the capability of saving visible light images along with the corresponding .BMP or .SIT thermal image. These visible light images can be saved automatically or on an image by image basis. For more information on working with visible light images, see Section 3.13 entitled Working with the Visible Save Option.

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu.

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3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] command menu. 5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SAVE FORMAT] from the list of menu options.
[SAVE FORMAT SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the desired image format option.
[IMAGE FORMAT OPTION HIGHLIGHTED]

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7) Press the + or - button as needed to select [.SIT] to save images in the .SIT file format, or select [.BMP] to save images in the .BMP file format. 8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. 4.13.2.2 Saving an Image in the .SIT Format Live and frozen images can be saved to the memory card utilizing the .SIT file extension by pressing the SAVE button. When an image is being saved to the memory card, an image page is created which contains the image and all data associated with the image. A file name is automatically assigned to the page showing the fourcharacter file prefix, the image number, and the .SIT file type extension. A brief message indicating the full file name and page number will appear at the bottom of the display when an image has been saved. To save an image as a .SIT file in either [RUN] or [FRZ] mode:

NOTE
Installation of the memory card does not affect the operation of the camera. However, the memory card must be inserted for formatting and when saving or retrieving images.

1) Verify that a Mikron approved Compact Flash Memory Card has been inserted into the camera (See Section 3.5 of this manual for information on Inserting and Removing the Memory Card). 2) Follow steps 1-8 in Section 4.13.2.1 of this manual for information on Selecting an Image Save Format. 3) In step 7, select [.SIT].
[.SIT OPTION SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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NOTE
If the camera is in the [RUN] Mode while this operation is performed, the camera will automatically enter the [FRZ] mode for approximately five seconds. Once the image has been saved, the camera reverts back to the [RUN] Mode. A brief message indicating the full file name and page number will appear at the bottom of the display while the image is being saved.

5) Press the SAVE button. If the Voice Memo Recording Option has been activated (see Section 3.12 for more information on Selecting the Voice Memo Recording Option), a message will appear at the bottom of the display indicating that the RUN button needs to be pressed to begin the recording function (See Section 4.14 for more information on working with Voice Annotations).
[VOICE MEMO RECORDING MESSAGE]

NOTE
The standard 32MB Memory Card is capable of storing approximately 184 images.

To save the image without a voice annotation memo: Press the MODE button. To save the image with a voice annotation memo: Follow the steps outlined in Section 4.14.1 entitled Adding a Voice Memo to a New Image. If the Visible Save Option has been activated (see Section 3.13 for more information on Selecting a Visible Save Option), the screen will momentarily flash a visible light image and then a message will appear at the bottom of the display indicating that the camera is processing the visible data. (See Section 4.13.4.4 for information on reviewing saved visible light images).
[VISIBLE DATA PROCESSING MESSAGE]

NOTE
Images are stored with a four-digit file name followed by the file extension. The file names are numbered from 0001 to 9999. If the number exceeds 9999 an error message will appear indicating that there is no more room available on the memory card. See Section 4.16.5 for more information on working with Memory Card Error Messages.

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Basic Operation

Live and frozen images can be saved to the memory card as bitmap files (.BMP). A file name is automatically assigned to each image showing the four-character file prefix, the image number, and the .BMP file type extension. To save an image as a bitmap file in either [RUN] or [FRZ] mode: 1) Verify that a Mikron approved Compact Flash Memory Card has been inserted into the camera (See Section 3.5 of this manual for information on Inserting and Removing the Memory Card).

NOTE
Installation of the memory card does not affect the operation of the camera. However, the memory card must be inserted for formatting and when saving or retrieving images.

2) Follow steps 1-8 in Section 4.13.2.1 of this manual for information on Selecting an Image Save Format. 3) In step 7, select [.BMP].
[.BMP OPTION SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. 5) Press the SAVE button.

NOTE
Pressing the SAVE button while in the [RUN] Mode causes the camera to automatically enter the [FRZ] mode for approximately five seconds. Once the image has been saved, the camera reverts back to the [RUN] Mode.

[SAVE BITMAP MESSAGE]

Once the SAVE button has been pressed, a SAVE BITMAP message will appear at the bottom of the screen offering you the choice of saving the image as a .BMP file or canceling out of the save bitmap function.

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5a) Press the RUN button to select OK:enter A file name is automatically assigned to the page showing the four-character file prefix, the image number, and the .BMP file type extension. A brief message indicating the full file name and page number will appear at the bottom of the display.
[BITMAP FILE INFORMATION]

NOTE
Temperature data is not embedded in a .BMP file in the same manner as it is with a .SIT file, however, .BMP images are saved as screenshots of the display with the status bar and temperature scale intact. If the Visible Save Option has been activated (see Section 3.13 for more information on Selecting a Visible Save Option), the screen will momentarily flash a visible light image and then a message will appear at the bottom of the display indicating that the camera is processing the visible data. (See Section 4.13.4.4 for information on reviewing saved visible light images).
[VISIBLE DATA PROCESSING MESSAGE]

OR 5b) Press the MODE button to select NO:cancel Once the MODE button has been selected, the camera will cancel out of the save bitmap function and return to the main display.

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4.13.3 Choosing to Automatically Save Images to a Memory Card


The MikroScan 7400 allows images to be automatically stored to the memory card based on a pre-established time interval or upon a triggering event condition. See Section 5.5 for more information on working with the Event Function. 4.13.3.1 Accessing the Run Mode Menu Option 1) Verify that a Mikron approved Compact Flash Memory Card has been inserted into the camera (See Section 3.5 of this manual for information on Inserting and Removing the Memory Card).

NOTE
Installation of the memory card does not affect the operation of the camera. However, the memory card must be inserted for formatting and when saving or retrieving images.

2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [RUN MODE] from the list of menu options.
[RUN MODE SELECTED]

5) Press the RUN button to return to access the [RUN MODE] menu.

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Basic Operation

1) Follow steps 1-5 for Accessing the Run Mode Menu Options 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SAVE] from the list of menu options.
[RUN MODE SAVE OPTION SELECTED]

NOTE
Images are stored with a four-digit file name followed by the file extension. The file names are numbered from 0001 to 9999. If the number exceeds 9999 an error message will appear indicating that there is no more room available on the memory card. See Section 4.16.5 for more information on working with Memory Card Error Messages.

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the save option settings. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [PCMCIA] from the menu options.
[RUN MODE SAVE PCMCIA OPTION SELECTED]

NOTE
The standard 32MB Memory Card is capable of storing approximately 184 images. 5) Press the SELECT button to set the [PCMCIA] option and return to the list of displayed options.

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6) Press the + or - button as needed to select [INTERVAL] from the list of menu options.
[RUN MODE INTERVAL OPTION SELECTED]

NOTE
Images are automatically stored to the memory card as .SIT image files even if the [SAVE FORMAT] option had been set to [.BMP]. Furthermore, these .SIT image files are captured without visible image data even if the [VISIBLE SAVE] option had been set to [IR LINK]. 7) Press the SELECT button to highlight the interval time setting. 8) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the time interval that will be used in automatically saving the images to the compact flash card.
[RUN MODE INTERVAL TIME SETTING OPTION SELECTED]

The minimum time interval that can be set is five seconds, while the maximum time interval that can be set is one hour. 9) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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4.13.4 Reviewing Saved Images


4.13.4.1 Reviewing Saved .SIT Images (Option 1) 1) Press the RUN button to enter the [FRZ] mode. 2) Verify [FRZ] is highlighted at the upper right hand corner of the display and that the time clock has stopped. (See Section 4.1 of this manual for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes).
[FREEZE HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
Only images saved in the .SIT and the .BMP formats can be reviewed using the MikroScan 7400.

NOTE
Images can only be reviewed if they were saved on a MikroScan 7400 formatted memory card. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to scroll through the pages that have been saved to the memory card.
[PAGE NUMBER]

NOTE
Individual images and their associated data are treated as individual image pages.
[.SIT FILE NAME]

Press + once to display the next stored image or repeatedly to page through the stored images in sequence, or hold + pressed to page rapidly through the stored images. Use the - button to page in reverse order. 4) Press the RUN button to return to the measurement mode.

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4.13.4.2 Reviewing Saved .SIT Images (Option 2) 1) Press the RUN button to enter the [FRZ] mode. 2) Verify [FRZ] is highlighted at the upper right hand corner of the display and that the time clock has stopped. (See Section 4.1 of this manual for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes).
[FREEZE HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
Only images saved in the .SIT and the .BMP formats can be reviewed using the MikroScan 7400.

NOTE
Images can only be reviewed if they were saved on a MikroScan 7400 formatted memory card.

3) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the page number appears highlighted at the bottom right hand corner of the display.
[PAGE NUMBER]

NOTE
Individual images and their associated data are treated as individual image pages.

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4) Press the + or - button as needed to scroll through the pages that have been saved to the memory card.
[PAGE NUMBER]

Press + once to display the next stored image or repeatedly to page through the stored images in sequence, or hold + pressed to page rapidly through the stored images. Use the - button to page in reverse order.

NOTE
Refer to Section 4.14.3 for information on Replaying a Voice Annotation. Refer to Section 4.13.4.4 for information on Reviewing Saved Visible Light Images.

[PAGE NUMBER]

[.SIT FILE NAME]

The .SIT filename will flash momentarily at the bottom of the screen as each page is accessed. 5) Press the RUN button to return to the measurement mode.

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4.13.4.2.1 Saving existing .SIT images as .BMP files 1) Follow steps 1-8 in Section 4.13.2.1 of this manual for information on Selecting an Image Save Format. 2) In step 7, select [.BMP].
[.BMP OPTION SELECTED]

NOTE
When a .BMP file is created from an existing .SIT image, a new image page is created for the .BMP image file. The associated visible light image will also be saved if the original .SIT image contains visible light data and if the visible save option is currently activated.

3) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. 4) Follow steps 1 through 4 in Section 4.13.4.1 for information on how to review existing .SIT images. 5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. 6) Press the SAVE button.
[SAVE BITMAP MESSAGE]

Once the SAVE button has been pressed, a SAVE BITMAP message will appear at the bottom of the screen offering you the choice of saving the image as a .BMP file or canceling out of the save bitmap function.

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6a) Press the RUN button to select OK:enter A file name is automatically assigned to the page showing the four-character file prefix, the image number, and the .BMP file type extension. A brief message indicating the full file name and page number will appear at the bottom of the display.
[BITMAP FILE INFORMATION]

OR 6b) Press the MODE button to select NO:cancel Once the MODE button has been selected, the camera will cancel out of the save bitmap function and return to the main display.

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Basic Operation

2) Verify [FRZ] is highlighted at the upper right hand corner of the display and that the time clock has stopped. (See Section 4.1 of this manual for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes).
[FREEZE HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the page label appears highlighted at the bottom right hand corner of the display.
[PAGE LABEL]

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4) Press the + or - button to switch to the .BMP page label.


[.BMP PAGE LABEL]

5) Press the SELECT button until the .BMP page number appears highlighted at the bottom right hand corner of the display.
[.BMP PAGE NUMBER]

6) Press the + or - button as needed to scroll through the pages that have been saved to the memory card.
[PAGE NUMBER]

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Press + once to display the next stored image or repeatedly to page through the stored images in sequence, or hold + pressed to page rapidly through the stored images. Use the - button to page in reverse order.

NOTE
You can switch back and forth between the .BMP page view and the .SIT page view repeating steps 3 and 4 of this section. You can cancel out of the .BMP page view by pressing the RUN button to return to the main display.

[PAGE NUMBER]

[.BMP FILE NAME]

The .BMP filename will flash momentarily at the bottom of the screen as each page is accessed. 7) Follow steps 2 and 3 of Section 4.13.4.4 for information on how to view a saved visible light image OR Press the RUN button to return to the measurement mode.

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4.13.4.4 Reviewing Saved Visible Light Images 1) Follow steps 1 through 4 of Section 4.13.4.1 entitled Reviewing Saved .SIT Images OR Follow steps 1 through 6 of Section 4.13.4.3 entitled Reviewing Saved .BMP Images. 2) Press the MODE button as needed until the visible light image appears on the display.
[VISIBLE LIGHT IMAGE]

NOTE
The number of times the mode button needs to be pressed is dependent upon whether or not the file contains a voice annotation. See Section 4.14.3 for more information on Replaying a Voice Annotation.
If no visible image was saved with the .SIT file, then a NO VISIBLE DATA message will appear on the display. 3) Press the MODE button to return to the main display.
[MAIN DISPLAY]

4) Repeat Steps 1 through 3 of this section to view additional visible image files. OR Press the RUN button to return to the measurement mode.

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4.14 Working with Voice Annotations


The MikroScan 7400 allows voice annotations to be added to image files that are saved in the .SIT format. These voice files can be replayed on the MikroScan 7400 or transferred along with all other image data to an external computer. Make sure to use only a recommended compact flash card and format the card using the MikroScan 7400. See Section 4.16 for more information on formatting.

4.14.1 Adding a Voice Memo to a New Image


Voice annotations can be added to both live and frozen .SIT images as they are saved to the memory card. When an image is being saved to the memory card, an image page is created which contains the image, the voice annotation, and all other data associated with the image. To add a voice annotation to a new image: 1) Verify that a Mikron approved Compact Flash Memory Card has been inserted into the camera (See Section 3.5 of this manual for information on Inserting and Removing the Memory Card).

NOTE
Installation of the memory card does not affect the operation of the camera. However, the memory card must be inserted for saving or retrieving images and voice memos.

2) Follow steps 1-8 for Selecting a Voice Memo Recording Option (See Section 3.12 of this manual) 3) In step 7, select [ON].
[VOICE MEMO RECORDING OPTION SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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5) Press the SAVE button.


[VOICE MEMO RECORDING MESSAGE]

NOTE
Voice annotations can only be saved with .SIT image files.

A message will appear at the bottom of the display indicating that the RUN button needs to be pressed to begin the recording function. 6) Press the RUN button to begin the recording process.
[VOICE MEMO RECORDING MESSAGE]

A single beep will indicate the start of the recording process along with a message at the bottom of the display indicating the recording function is in progress.

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7) Speak slowly and clearly into the microphone, which is located on the side of the unit.

TIP
If you want to end the recording function prematurely, you may do so by pressing the MODE button. Two short beeps will sound indicating the recording function has ended.

MICROPHONE

After approximately 10 seconds, two short beeps will sound indicating the recording function has ended.

NOTE
The MikroScan 7400 offers approximately 10 seconds of recording time. If the MODE button is not pressed during this 10 second time period, the recording function will end automatically.

4.14.2 Adding a Voice Memo to an Existing .SIT Image


Voice annotations can be added to previously saved images as long as they have been saved in the MikroScan 7400 file format with the .SIT extension. To add a voice annotation to an existing .SIT image 1) Follow steps 1-8 for Selecting a Voice Memo Recording Option (See Section 3.12 of this manual) 2) In step 7, select [ON].
[VOICE MEMO RECORDING OPTION SELECTED]

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3) Follow steps 1-8 in Section 4.13.2.1 of this manual for information on Selecting an Image Save Format. 4) In step 7, select [.SIT].
[.SIT OPTION SELECTED]

NOTE
The MikroScan 7400 will automatically make a copy of the existing image and assign it to a new page which will hold the new file name, voice annotation, and all other data associated with the image. The original image will remain unchanged.

5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. 6) Follow steps 1 through 4 in Section 4.13.4.1 for information on how to review existing .SIT images. 7) Press the + or - button as needed to scroll through the pages that have been saved to the memory card to locate the desired image.
[PAGE NUMBER]

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8) Press the SAVE button.


[VOICE MEMO RECORDING MESSAGE]

TIP
If you want to end the recording function prematurely, you may do so by pressing the MODE button. Two short beeps will sound indicating the recording function has ended.

A message will appear at the bottom of the display indicating that the Run button needs to be pressed to begin the recording function. 9) Press the RUN button to begin the recording process.
[VOICE MEMO RECORDING MESSAGE]

NOTE
The MikroScan 7400 offers approximately 10 seconds of recording time. If the MODE button is not pressed during this 10 second time period, the recording function will end automatically.

A single beep will indicate the start of the recording process along with a message at the bottom of the display indicating the recording function is in progress. 10) Speak slowly and clearly into the microphone, which is located on the side of the unit. After approximately 10 seconds, two short beeps will sound indicating the recording function has ended.

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4.14.3 Replaying a Voice Annotation


Once a voice annotation has been saved to the memory card, it can be replayed through the MikroScan 7400 or by utilizing optional MikroSpec Software. This section covers voice annotations replayed using the MikroScan 7400 camera. 1) Press the RUN button to enter the [FRZ] mode.
[FREEZE HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Verify [FRZ] is highlighted at the upper right hand corner of the display and that the time clock has stopped. (See Section 4.1 of this manual for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes). 3) Press the + or - button as needed to scroll through the pages that have been saved to the memory card and to select the desired page.
[PAGE NUMBER]

Press + once to display the next stored image or repeatedly to page through the stored images in sequence, or hold + pressed to page rapidly through the stored images. Use the - button to page in reverse order.

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4) Press the MODE button to listen to the voice annotation.


[VOICE MEMO REPLAY MESSAGE]

A message will appear at the bottom of the display indicating the voice memo is being replayed. 5) Press the RUN button to return to the measurement mode.

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4.15 Using the Memo Function


The MikroScan 7400 allows an operator to designate a point on the display or on the whole display with an alpha-numeric combination and/or several symbols. There are two methods of creating a memo. Character Input File Selection Utilizes the MikroScan 7400 character/ symbol list. Utilizes an ASCII file previously stored to a MikroScan 7400 formatted memory card.

In the character-input mode, characters are entered one by one after being selected from a character/symbol list on the display. In the file selection mode, an ASCII coded memo is stored onto the memory card and then accessed by utilizing the memo function of the camera.
[MEMO CHARACTER/SYMBOL LIST]

! 6 L 7 M

8 N

# 9 O

$ : P

% ; Q

& < R

= S

( > T

) ? U

* @ V

+
A W

,
B X

C Y

.
D Z

/
E {

0
F

1 G }

2 H

3 I

4 J

5 K

C F

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4.15.1 Accessing the Memo Function


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
Because the [MEMO] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds, the SELECT button needs to be pressed while [MEMO] is highlighted in order to proceed to Step 3. If [MEMO] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [MEMO] from the list of options displayed.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the RUN button to move into [MEMO] mode.

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4.15.2 Applying a Single Memo Designation using the Character Input Method
1) Follow steps 1-3 for Accessing the Memo Function (See Section 4.15.1 of this manual).

NOTE
If the camera is turned off and then powered up again, the text and location of the memo do not appear on the display and are not recorded when a new image is saved. However, if a new image is saved after recalling a stored image (containing a memo), the new image along with all subsequent images will contain the same memo.

[MEMO CHARACTER/SYMBOL LIST]

Upon completion of step 3, a box will appear on the display containing the [MEMO] character/symbol list. 2) Press the + or - button as needed to highlight the Input Cursor Movement Label [].
[INPUT CURSOR MOVEMENT LABEL HIGHLIGHTED]

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3) Press the SELECT button to enter the input cursor movement mode.
MEMO INPUT CURSOR MEMO INPUT CURSOR MOVEMENT MODE

The highlighted box displayed on the screen can now be moved to any part of the display by using the + and button as well as the L and R button. This highlighted box is referred to as the MEMO INPUT CURSOR. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to move the MEMO INPUT CURSOR along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 5) Press the L or R button as needed to move the MEMO INPUT CURSOR along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display. 6) Press the SELECT button to enter the character input mode.
MEMO INPUT CURSOR

MEMO CHARACTER INPUT MODE

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7) Press the + or - button as needed to scroll through the list of characters/symbols to select the desired choice.
MEMO INPUT CURSOR

NOTE
While creating a memo, when the multi-point display is in the TEMP & EMISS MODE, the temperatures are not updated on the display.

MEMO SELECTED CHARACTER

Press + button to move forward through the list. Press the - button to move backward through the list. 8) Press the SELECT button to enter the character into the memo display area.
MEMO CHARACTER

MEMO INPUT CURSOR

Once a single character has been entered, the memo input cursor moves to the next position. 9) Repeat steps 7-8 of this section until the desired memo has been entered.
MEMO CHARACTERS

MEMO INPUT CURSOR

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10) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.


[CHARACTER INPUT MEMO]

NOTE
If the camera is turned off and then powered up again, the text and location of the memo do not appear on the display and are not recorded when a new image is saved. However, if a new image is saved after recalling a stored image (containing a memo), the new image along with all subsequent images will contain the same memo.

The text and location of the memo will remain in the cameras memory until it is deleted.

4.15.3 Applying Multiple Memo Designations using the Character Input Method
1) Follow steps 1-9 for Applying a Single Memo Designation using the Character Input Method (See Section 4.15.2 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to once again highlight the Input Cursor Movement Label [].
[INPUT CURSOR MOVEMENT LABEL HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
Because the [MEMO] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds, the SELECT button needs to be pressed while [MEMO] is highlighted in order to proceed to Step 3. If [MEMO] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

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3) Press the SELECT button to enter the input cursor movement mode.
MEMO INPUT CURSOR MOVEMENT MODE

NOTE
Multiple memos can be added to a single image. However, the text and location of all memos remain in the cameras memory until they are deleted.
MEMO INPUT CURSOR

The highlighted box displayed on the screen can now be moved to any part of the display by using the + and - button as well as the L and R button. This highlighted box is referred to as the
MEMO INPUT CURSOR.

4) Press the + or - button as needed to move the MEMO INPUT CURSOR along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 5) Press the L or R button as needed to move the MEMO INPUT CURSOR along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display.
MEMO INPUT CURSOR

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6) Follow steps 6-9 for Applying a Single Memo Designation using the Character Input Method (See Section 4.15.1 of this manual).
MEMO INPUT CURSOR

NOTES
Regarding the ASCII Memo File Structure: The memo file is a text file in ASCII code. The filenames can be up to 8 alpha-numeric characters. The extension of a file name should be .csv or .txt. One line ending in CR/LF code is treated as a memo. The number of the characters in one line can be up to 638 characters, not including the CR/LF code. One file can store up to 1000 memos. However, the maximum file size is 128 KB. Memos can only be created utilizing the same characters as found in the MikroScan 7400 memo character/ symbol list (refer to the MikroScan 7400 character/ symbol list found at the beginning of Section 4.14). The C or F symbols cannot be used in the ASCII memo files. 7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. The text and location of the memo will remain in the cameras memory until it is deleted.

4.15.4 Applying a Memo Designation using the File Selection Method


1) Insert a MikroScan 7400 formatted memory card containing one or more previously stored ASCII memo files. The memo files are text files that are created on an external computer using an ASCII compliant program such as NotePad or WordPad. These files are then saved to a memory card with a .csv or .txt file extension. 2) Follow steps 1-3 for Accessing the Memo Function (See Section 4.15.1 of this manual). Upon completion of step 3, a box will appear on the display containing the list of stored memo files. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to scroll through the list of stored memo files to select the desired memo file. Although the first 20 characters of each memo are displayed in list form, all memo characters will be displayed on the thermal image once a specific file has been selected. 4) Press the RUN button to attach the file to the image. The text of the memo will appear in a fixed position at the top of the display screen. The text and location of the memo will remain in the cameras memory until it is deleted. (See Section 4.15.5.1 for information on deleting individual characters in a memo and See Section 4.15.5.2 for deleting an entire memo from the display.)

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4.15.5 Deleting a Memo Designation


4.15.5.1 Deleting a Single Character 1) Follow steps 1-3 for Accessing the Memo Function (See Section 4.14.1 of this manual).
[MEMO CHARACTER/SYMBOL LIST]

Upon completion of step 3, a box will appear on the display containing the [MEMO] character/symbol list. 2) Press the + or - button as needed to highlight the Input Cursor Movement Label [].
[INPUT CURSOR MOVEMENT LABEL HIGHLIGHTED]

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3) Press the SELECT button to enter the input cursor movement mode.
MEMO INPUT CURSOR MOVEMENT MODE

MEMO INPUT CURSOR

The highlighted box displayed on the screen can now be moved to any part of the display by using the + and - button as well as the L and R button. This highlighted box is referred to as the
MEMO INPUT CURSOR.

4) Press the L or R button as needed to move the MEMO INPUT CURSOR along the horizontal plane to position the box over the character that needs to be deleted.
MEMO INPUT CURSOR MOVEMENT MODE

MEMO INPUT CURSOR

5) Press the + or - button as needed to move the MEMO INPUT CURSOR along the vertical plane to position the box over the character that needs to be deleted.

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6) Press the SELECT button to enter the character input mode.


MEMO CHARACTER INPUT MODE

MEMO INPUT CURSOR

7) Press the + or - button as needed to scroll through the list of characters/symbols to select the space [ ] designator.
MEMO SPACE DESIGNATOR MEMO INPUT CURSOR MOVEMENT MODE

8) Press the SELECT button to replace the character with a space.


MEMO INPUT CURSOR MOVEMENT MODE

MEMO INPUT CURSOR

Once a single character has been entered, the memo input cursor moves forward to the next position. 9) Repeat steps 2-8 above for deletion of additional characters. 10) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. The text and location of any remaining memo characters will remain in the cameras memory until deleted.
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Basic Operation

1) Follow steps 1-3 for Accessing the Memo Function (See Section 4.15.1 of this manual).
[MEMO CHARACTER/SYMBOL LIST]

Upon completion of step 3, a box will appear on the display containing the [MEMO] character/symbol list. 2) Press the MODE button.
[CLEAR MEMO MESSAGE]

A message will appear at the bottom of the screen confirming the deletion request. 3) Press the RUN button to accept the deletion and to return to the main display.

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4.16 Using the Memory Card Management Options


Three functions are provided for Memory Card Management. Format Delete Renumber Allows formatting of the card. Allows deletion of one or more files. Allows the number portion of the file name to be changed.

4.16.1 Accessing the Memory Card Option Menu


1) Verify that a Mikron approved Compact Flash Memory Card has been inserted into the camera (See Section 3.5 of this manual for information on Inserting and Removing the Memory Card). 2) Press the RUN button to enter [FRZ] mode.
[FREEZE HIGHLIGHTED]

Make sure to use only a recommended compact flash card and format the card using the MikroScan 7400. See Section 4.16.2 for more information on formatting.

NOTE
The display must be in Freeze [FRZ] mode in order to format, delete, or renumber a memory card. 3) Verify [FRZ] is highlighted at the upper right hand corner of the display and that the time clock has stopped. (See Section 4.1 of this manual for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes). 4) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

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5) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 6) Press the + or - button as needed to select [MEMORY CARD] from the list of menu options.
[MEMORY CARD SELECTED]

Make sure to use only a recommended compact flash card and format the card using the MikroScan 7400.

4.16.2 Formatting the Memory Card


1) Follow steps 1-6 for Accessing the Memory Card Option menu (See Section 4.16.1 of this manual). 2) Press the SELECT button to highlight the memory card functions. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [FORMAT] from the list of options.
[MEMORY CARD FORMAT OPTION SELECTED]

NOTE
The display must be in Freeze [FRZ] mode in order to format a memory card with the MikroScan 7400.

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4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. The new display will appear showing a bar with two formatting options.
[MEMORY CARD FORMAT MESSAGE]

OPTION 1 Press the RUN button to select the [OK] option which will begin formatting the card. A [NOW FORMATTING] message appears momentarily on the bar at the bottom of the screen while the card is being formatted. OPTION 2 Press the MODE button to select the [NO] option which will cancel the formatting request.

4.16.3 Deleting Files from the Memory Card


1) Follow steps 1-6 for Accessing the Memory Card Option menu (See Section 4.16.1 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [DELETE] from the list of options.
[MEMORY CARD DELETE OPTION SELECTED]

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3) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. The new display will appear showing a message bar with two delete file options.

NOTE
The display must be in Freeze [FRZ] mode in order to delete files from a memory card.

[MEMORY CARD DELETE MESSAGE]

OPTION 1 Press the RUN button to select the [OK] option which will display the list of files on the memory card (See Section 4.16.3.1 of this manual for information on Deleting Selected Files from the Memory Card). OPTION 2 Press the MODE button to select the [NO] option which will cancel the delete files request and to return to the main display. 4.16.3.1 Deleting Selected Files from the Memory Card 1) Follow steps 1-3 for Deleting Files from the Memory Card (See Section 4.16.3 of this manual) 2) In step 3, select OPTION 1.

NOTE
The formatting option is useful when needing to delete all existing files on a memory card (including files created on devices other than the MikroScan 7400).

[MEMORY CARD DELETE MESSAGE]

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A list will appear on the screen showing a single page of 16 files.

NOTE
The display must be in Freeze [FRZ] mode in order to delete files from a memory card.

[MEMORY CARD FILES]

NOTE
The delete feature will only function with the MikroScan 7400 Bitmap files (.BMP extension) and the MikroScan 7400 native .SIT files (.SIT extension). All other files can only be deleted through the reformatting process or by using an external PC. (See Section 4.16.2 of this manual for information on Formatting the Memory Card). 3) Press the R button to move forward to the next page or press the L button to move backward to previous page. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired file from list on the displayed page. 5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the selected file. 6) Press the + or - button to move to another file on the list. 7) Repeat steps 3-6 to select additional files for deletion.
[MEMORY CARD FILES SELECTED]

NOTE
The delete feature will only function on files that are currently displayed on the screen. Each selected file will remain highlighted in green. 8) Press the RUN button to delete the selected files. The deleted files will be removed from the list and the numbering sequence of the other files will not change (See Section 4.16.4 of this manual for information on Renumbering Memory Card files). 9) Press the MODE button to return to the main display.
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4.16.4 Renumbering Memory Card files


1) Follow steps 1-6 for Accessing the Memory Card Option menu (See Section 4.16.1 of this manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [RENUMBER] from the list of options.
[MEMORY CARD RENUMBER OPTION SELECTED]

NOTE
The display must be in Freeze [FRZ] mode in order to renumber files on a memory card. 3) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.
[MEMORY CARD RENUMBER MESSAGE]

The new display will appear showing a bar with two renumbering file options. OPTION 1 Press the RUN button to select the [OK] option which will begin renumbering the card. A [NOW RENUMBERING] message appears momentarily on the bar at the bottom of the screen while the card is being renumbered. OPTION 2 Press the MODE button to select the [NO] option which will cancel the renumbering request.

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4.16.5 Working with Memory Card Error Messages


There are four error messages associated with memory card use. These error messages appear on a bar located at the bottom of the screen. Refer to the table below for the particular error messages which could appear, the possible cause of the error, and the steps to follow for corrective action. Message
NOT READY

Possible Cause The memory card is missing or not inserted properly.

DATA MISS-MATCH

The data is not compatible with the 7200V file structure.

FULL

There is no more space on the memory card.

I/O ERROR

The memory card is not formatted

Corrective Action* Verify that the memory card has been inserted properly. (See Section 3.5.1 for information on Inserting the Memory Card). Reformat the memory card using the method described in Section 4.16.2 - Formatting the Memory Card. Make more space available by deleting unwanted files or insert a new memory card (See 4.16.3 for information on deleting files. Format the card using the method described in 4.16.2 - Formatting the Memory Card.

Correcting Memory Card Errors 1) Verify the cause of the error by referring to the above list of error messages and possible causes. 2) Press the MODE button to return to the main display. 3) Perform the appropriate corrective action for the error.

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5.1 Working with the Multi-Point Temperature Display Options
The MikroScan 7400 allows you to view the temperature data of one or more points at selected locations anywhere within the field of view. It also allows you to establish individual emissivity values for one or more points and to obtain information on how the temperatures of the various points are affected by differences in emissivity settings. The Multi-Point Temperature Display Options can be used in either the RUN or FREEZE modes. The Multi-Point Temperature Display offers four mode choices: Mode
[TEMP]

Details Displays the temperature of the points under the color bar. Does not, however, allow emissivity settings to be changed or displayed. Displays the temperature and emissivity of each point near the point cursor. Also allows emissivity of each point to be set individually. Displays the specified point temperature under the color bar. Also displays the temperature difference @T between point A and point B. However, this mode does not allow the emissivity to be corrected on an individual basis. Displays the specified point temperature under the color bar and displays the emissivity setting of the point near the point cursor. Also displays the temperature difference @T between point A and point B. However, the emissivity is displayed only when the emissivity of the point is different from the emissivity of the whole screen.

[TEMP & EMISS]

[@TEMP]

[@TEMP & EMISS]

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5.1.1

Setting the Display to Show Point Emissivity and/or Temperature Data


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [POINT TEMP] from the list of menu options.
[POINT TEMP SELECTED]

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NOTE
[TEMP] Displays the temperature of the points under the color bar. Does not, however, allow emissivity settings to be changed or displayed. [TEMP & EMISS] Displays the temperature and emissivity of each point near the point cursor. Also allows emissivity of each point to be set individually. [@TEMP] Displays the specified point temperature under the color bar. Also displays the temperature difference @T between point A and point B. However, this mode does not allow the emissivity to be corrected on an individual basis. [@TEMP & EMISS] Displays the specified point temperature under the color bar and displays the emissivity setting of the point near the point cursor. Also displays the temperature difference @T between point A and point B. However, the emissivity is displayed only when the emissivity of the point is different from the emissivity of the whole screen.

4) Press the SELECT button to highlight the point temperature display options.
[POINT TEMP DISPLAY OPTIONS HIGHLIGHTED]

5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [TEMP] mode, [TEMP & EMISS] mode, [@TEMP] mode, or [@TEMP & EMISS] mode. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

CURSOR LABEL POINT TEMPERATURE

CURSOR LABEL

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES

The new display will appear showing the cursor, the cursor label and the cursor coordinates.

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5.1.2

Setting a Single Point


1) Follow steps 1-5 for Setting the Display to Show Point Emissivity and/or Temperature Data (See Section 5.1.1). 2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. The new display will appear showing the cursor, the cursor label and the cursor coordinates. 3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the [CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES].

NOTE
The temperature at the cursor position is displayed at the bottom of the temperature scale, immediately above the MIKRON logo, and is updated continuously as the cursor is moved. The cursor coordinates are also displayed and updated continuously as the cursor is moved.
POINT TEMPERATURE

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES HIGHLIGHTED

4) Press the + or - button to move the cursor along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 5) Press the L and R button to move the cursor along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. Pressing Run will lock the cursor to its current position.

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5.1.3

Setting Multiple Points


1) Follow steps 1-5 for Setting the Display to Show Point Emissivity and/or Temperature Data (See Section 5.1.1).

NOTE
Holding the + button down in Step 3 will result in adding successive points in a rapid sequence and in random locations. The remaining steps in this section will only affect the most recent cursor point selected.

2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. The new display will appear showing the cursor, the cursor label and the cursor coordinates. 3) Press the + button to add another cursor point to the display.
CURSOR POSITION [b]
CURSOR POSITION [a]

POINT TEMPERATURES [a] AND [b]

CURSOR LABEL

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES

NOTE
The temperature at the new cursor position is displayed at the bottom of the temperature scale (directly below the previous cursor point temperature) and is updated continuously as the cursor is moved. The cursor coordinates are also displayed and updated continuously as the cursor is moved. The first cursor point will be labeled [a]. The next cursor point will be labeled [b]. 4) Press the SELECT button to highlight the new [CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES].

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES HIGHLIGHTED

TIP
Holding down the +, -, L and R buttons will allow rapid movement of the cursor.

5) Press the + or - button to move the cursor along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 6) Press the L and R button to move the cursor along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display.

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7) Press the SELECT button to highlight the [CURSOR LABEL].

CURSOR LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

8) Follow the previous steps 3-7 to add and place additional cursor points.
CURSOR POSITION [b]
CURSOR POSITION [a]
CURSOR POSITION [c]

POINT TEMPERATURES [a] THROUGH [d]

CURSOR POSITION [d]

CURSOR LABEL

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES

The first cursor point was labeled [a]. The second cursor point was labeled [b]. Successive points will be labeled [c] through [j] respectively. 9) Press RUN to return to the main display. Pressing Run will lock the new cursors to their current position. If you later need to change the position of the cursors, See Sections 5.1.4 through 5.1.6 for information on Changing Set Point Positions.

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5.1.4

Changing Set Point Positions Using the Menu Option


1) Follow steps 1-5 for Setting the Display to Show Point Emissivity and/or Temperature Data (See Section 5.1.1).

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.


CURSOR POSITION [b]
CURSOR POSITION [a]
CURSOR POSITION [c]

POINT TEMPERATURES [a] THROUGH [d]

CURSOR POSITION [d]

CURSOR LABEL

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES

The new display will appear showing the cursors, the cursor labels and the cursor coordinates. 3) Press the + or - button to scroll through the highlighted cursor labels to select the cursor point that needs modification.

CURSOR LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

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4) Press the SELECT button to highlight the selected [CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES].

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES HIGHLIGHTED

TIP
Holding down the +, -, L and R buttons will allow rapid movement of the cursor.

5) Press the + or - button to reposition the cursor along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 6) Press the L and R button to reposition the cursor along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display. 7) Press the SELECT button to highlight the [CURSOR LABEL]. 8) Repeat steps 3-7 to change additional set point positions. 9) Press RUN to return to the main display. Pressing RUN will lock the cursors to their new positions.

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5.1.5

Changing Set Points Using the Cursor Mode (Option 1)


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
Because the [CURSOR] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds, the SELECT button needs to be pressed while [CURSOR] is highlighted in order to proceed to Step 3. If [CURSOR] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

2) Press either the + or - button to highlight [CURSOR] from the list of options displayed.
[CURSOR HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the RUN button to place the display in cursor mode.

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4) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the desired [CURSOR LABEL] and associated [CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES] flash at the bottom of the display screen.

TIP
Holding down the +, -, L and R buttons will allow rapid movement of the cursor.
CURSOR INFORMATION HIGHLIGHTED

5) Press the + and - button to move the selected cursor along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 6) Press the L and R button to move the selected cursor along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display. 7) Repeat steps 4-6 to change additional set point positions as needed. The display will remain in cursor mode for approximately 5 seconds after changes have been made then it will revert back to normal operation and all cursor positions will be locked in place.

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5.1.6 NOTE
Because the [CURSOR] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds, the SELECT button needs to be pressed while [CURSOR] is highlighted in order to proceed to Step 3. If [CURSOR] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

Changing Set Points Using the Cursor Mode (Option 2)


1) Press either the L or R button to automatically bring up the [CURSOR] mode located at the top of the display.
[CURSOR MODE SELECTED]

2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the desired [CURSOR LABEL] and associated [CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES] flash at the bottom of the display screen.

CURSOR INFORMATION HIGHLIGHTED

TIP
Holding down the +, -, L and R buttons will allow rapid movement of the cursor.

3) Press the + and - button to move the selected cursor along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 4) Press the L and R button to move the selected cursor along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display. 5) Repeat steps 2-4 to change additional set point temperature positions as needed. The display will remain in cursor mode for approximately 5 seconds after changes have been made then it will revert back to normal operation and all cursor positions will be locked in place.

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5.1.7

Deleting Individual Set Point Positions


1) Follow steps 1-5 for Setting the Display to Show Point Emissivity and/or Temperature Data (See Section 5.1.1).

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.


CURSOR POSITION [b]
CURSOR POSITION [a]
CURSOR POSITION [c]

POINT TEMPERATURES [a] THROUGH [d]

CURSOR POSITION [d]

CURSOR LABEL

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES

The new display will appear showing the cursors, the cursor labels and the cursor coordinates. 3) Press the + or - button to scroll through the highlighted cursor labels to select the cursor point that needs to be deleted.

CURSOR LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

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4) Press the MODE button to delete the selected cursor point.


CURSOR POSITION [b]
CURSOR POSITION [a]
CURSOR POSITION [c]

POINT TEMPERATURES [a] THROUGH [d]

CURSOR POSITION [d]

CURSOR LABEL

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES

When a selected cursor point has been deleted, the remaining cursor points are relabeled.
POINT TEMPERATURES [a] THROUGH [c]
CURSOR POSITION [a]
CURSOR POSITION [b]

CURSOR POSITION [c]

CURSOR LABEL

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES

5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the [CURSOR LABEL]. 6) Repeat steps 3-5 to delete additional set point temperature positions. 7) Press RUN to return to the main display. Pressing RUN will lock the cursors to their new positions.

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5.1.8

Deleting All Set Point Positions


1) Follow steps 1-5 for Setting the Display to Show Point Emissivity and/or Temperature Data (See Section 5.1.1). 2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

CURSOR POSITION [b]


CURSOR POSITION [a]
CURSOR POSITION [c]

POINT TEMPERATURES [a] THROUGH [d]

CURSOR POSITION [d]

CURSOR LABEL

CURSOR X, Y COORDINATES

The new display will appear showing the cursors, the cursor labels and the cursor coordinates. 3) Press the - button to scroll through the highlighted cursor labels to select the point [OFF].

CURSOR LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. Pressing RUN will clear all cursors from the display.

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5.2

Working with Point Emissivities

By using the cursor function, it is possible to obtain one or more point emissivities at selected locations anywhere in the field of view. The cursor can be used in either the RUN or FREEZE modes. In addition to viewing point temperature data, the MikroScan 7400 also allows you to establish individual emissivity values for one or more points and to obtain information on how the temperatures of the various points are affected by differences in emissivity settings. These emissivity options can be used in either the RUN or FREEZE modes.

5.2.1 NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

Setting the Display to Show Emissivity Effects on Various Points


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [POINT TEMP] from the list of menu options.
[POINT TEMP SELECTED]

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4) Press the SELECT button to highlight the point temperature display options.
[POINT TEMP DISPLAY OPTIONS HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
[TEMP & EMISS] Displays the temperature and emissivity of each point near the point cursor. Also allows emissivity of each point to be set individually. [@TEMP & EMISS] Displays the specified point temperature under the color bar and displays the emissivity setting of the point near the point cursor. Also displays the temperature difference @T between point A and point B. However, the emissivity is displayed only when the emissivity of the point is different from the emissivity of the whole screen.

5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [TEMP & EMISS] mode or [@TEMP & EMISS] mode.
[POINT TEMP DISPLAY OPTIONS HIGHLIGHTED]

6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.


POINT TEMP POINT

POINT EMISSIVITY

The new display will appear showing the points, the point temps and the point emissivity values.

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5.2.2

Setting Emissivity Values for One or More Points


1) Follow steps 1-5 for Setting the Display to Show Emissivity Effects on Various Points (See Section 5.2.1). 2) Press the SELECT button to set the desired emissivity display option and to return to the list of options in the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [POINT EMISS] from the list of menu options.
[POINT EMISSIVITY SELECTED]

NOTE
When an emissivity value has been set for a cursor point, that emissivity value stays with the designated point until it is changed. Deleting Emissivity values will have no affect on new cursor points. In other words, when a new cursor point is created, make sure that it has not taken on an old emissivity value. Emissivity Values of points do not automatically default back to E1.00.

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

POINT LABEL AND EMISSIVITY VALUE

The new display will appear showing the point label and the emissivity values at the individual cursor points.

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5) Press the + or - button to scroll through the highlighted cursor labels to select the cursor point that needs to be modified.
POINT TEMP POINT

POINT LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

POINT EMISSIVITY

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the [EMISSIVITY VALUE] of the cursor point.
POINT TEMP POINT

POINT EMISSIVITY VALUE HIGHLIGHTED

POINT EMISSIVITY

7) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the emissivity value of the selected cursor point.

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8) Press the SELECT button to set the emissivity value and to once again highlight the [CURSOR LABEL].
POINT TEMP POINT

POINT EMISSIVITY LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

POINT EMISSIVITY

9) Repeat steps 5-8 to change additional cursor point emissivity values. 10) Press RUN to return to the main display.

5.2.3

Deleting Individual Emissivity Values


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu.

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3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [POINT EMISS] from the list of menu options.
[POINT EMISSIVITY SELECTED]

NOTE
When an emissivity value has been set for a cursor point, that emissivity value stays with the designated point until it is changed. Deleting Emissivity values will have no affect on new cursor points. In other words, when a new cursor point is created, make sure that it has not taken on an old emissivity value. Emissivity Values of points do not automatically default back to E1.00.

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. 5) Press the + or - button to scroll through the highlighted cursor labels to select the cursor point that needs to be deleted. 6) Press the MODE button to delete the selected cursor point.

POINT EMISSIVITY LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

When a selected cursor point has been deleted, the remaining cursor points are relabeled. 7) Press the SELECT button to highlight the [CURSOR LABEL]. 8) Repeat steps 5-7 to delete additional cursor points. 9) Press RUN to return to the main display. Pressing RUN will lock the remaining cursors to their new positions.

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5.2.4

Deleting All Set Emissivity Values


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [POINT EMISS] from the list of menu options.
[POINT EMISSIVITY SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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5) Press the - button to scroll through the highlighted cursor labels to select [OFF].

POINT EMISSIVITY LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. Pressing RUN will clear all cursors from the display.

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5.3

Working with Boxes

By using the Box function, it is possible to determine the maximum, minimum, and average temperatures within a defined region of interest in the field of view. The Box function can be used in either the RUN or FREEZE modes and can display up to five boxes.

5.3.1 NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

Selecting the Box Function


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [BOX] from the list of menu options.
[BOX FUNCTION SELECTED]

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4) Press the SELECT button to highlight the Box temperature display mode options.
[BOX TEMPERATURE DISPLAY OPTIONS HIGHLIGHTED]

5) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired Box temperature display mode. The two mode choices are:
[TEMP OFF] mode which displays the box and box label. [TEMP ON] which displays the box and box label along with the

minimum, maximum, and average temperature of the area defined by the box. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

BOX

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMP

BOX LABEL

BOX COORDINATES (UPPER LEFT CORNER)

BOX COORDINATES LOWER RIGHT CORNER)

The new display will appear showing the box, the box label, the start point box coordinates for the upper left corner of the box, and the start point box coordinates for the lower right corner of the box. If the [TEMP ON] option was selected, the display will also show the maximum, minimum, and average temperature of the area defined by the box. 7) Press the RUN button to lock the box to its current position.
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5.3.2

Changing the Size of the Box


1) Follow steps 1-3 for Selecting the Box Function (See Section 5.3.1). 2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

BOX

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMP

NOTE
The max, min, and average temperatures of the region inside the box are displayed at the bottom of the temperature scale, immediately above the MIKRON logo, and are updated continuously as the box is moved. The box coordinates are also displayed and updated continuously as the box is moved.
BOX LABEL

BOX COORDINATES (UPPER LEFT CORNER)

BOX COORDINATES LOWER RIGHT CORNER)

The new display will appear showing the box, the box label, the start point box coordinates for the upper left corner of the box, and the start point box coordinates for the lower right corner of the box. If the [TEMP ON] option was selected, the display will also show the maximum, minimum, and average temperature of the area defined by the box. 3) Press the SELECT button several times to highlight the desired set of X, Y Coordinates for the Box.

X, Y COORDINATES HIGHLIGHTED FOR THE LOWER RIGHT CORNER OF THE BOX

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4) Press the + or - button to move the designated corner along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 5) Press the L and R button to move the designated corner along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

BOX

MAX, MIN, AND AVG. TEMP

Pressing Run will lock the revised box to its current position. If the [TEMP ON] option was selected, the display will also show the maximum, minimum, and average temperature of the area defined by the box.

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5.3.3

Moving the Box


1) Follow steps 1-3 for Selecting the Box Function (See Section 5.3.1). 2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

BOX

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMP

BOX LABEL

BOX COORDINATES (UPPER LEFT CORNER)

BOX COORDINATES LOWER RIGHT CORNER)

The new display will appear showing the box, the box label, the start point box coordinates for the upper left corner of the box, and the start point box coordinates for the lower right corner of the box. 3) Press the SELECT button several times to highlight the Box Move Label [].

BOX MOVE LABEL [] HIGHLIGHTED

4) Press the + or - button to move the box along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 5) Press the L and R button to move the box along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. Pressing Run will lock the revised box to its current position.

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5.3.4

Adding Multiple Boxes


1) Follow steps 1-3 for Selecting the Box Function (See Section 5.3.1). 2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

BOX [A]

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMP

BOX LABEL

BOX COORDINATES (UPPER LEFT CORNER)

BOX COORDINATES LOWER RIGHT CORNER)

The new display will appear showing the box, the box label, the start point box coordinates for the upper left corner of the box, and the start point box coordinates for the lower right corner of the box. If the [TEMP ON] option was selected, the display will also show the maximum, minimum, and average temperature of the area defined by the box. 3) Press the SELECT button as needed to highlight the Box Label.

BOX LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

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4) Press the + button to add another box to the display.


MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A AND B

BOX [B]

NOTE
Holding the + button down in Step 4 will result in adding additional boxes. See Section 5.3.3 on Moving the Box and Section 5.3.2 on Changing the Box Size for information on making adjustments to the individual boxes.
BOX LABEL

BOX COORDINATES (UPPER LEFT CORNER)

BOX COORDINATES LOWER RIGHT CORNER)

The new box, which is labeled [B] is placed (by default) on top of the first box which was labeled [A]. See Section 5.3.3 for information on moving the box to a new location. 5) Follow the previous steps 3-4 to add and place additional boxes.
BOX B

BOX A

BOX C

NOTE
The Max, Min, and Avg. temperatures of each box are displayed at the bottom of the temperature scale. The image display will support up to five boxes.

BOX LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A THROUGH C

The first box was labeled [A]. The second box was labeled [B]. Successive boxes will be labeled [C] through [E] respectively. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. Pressing Run will lock the new boxes to their current position. If you later need to change the position of the boxes, See Section 5.3.6 entitled Moving Multiple Boxes.

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5.3.5

Changing the Size of Multiple Boxes


1) Follow steps 1-3 for Selecting the Box Function (See Section 5.3.1). 2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.
BOX B

BOX A

BOX C

BOX LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A THROUGH C

The new display will appear showing the boxes, the box label, the start point box coordinates for the upper left corner of the box, and the start point box coordinates for the lower right corner of the box. If the [TEMP ON] option was selected, the display will also show the maximum, minimum, and average temperature of area the defined by the boxes. 3) Press the + or - button to select the desired box label.
BOX B

BOX A

BOX C

BOX A LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A THROUGH C

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4) Press the SELECT button several times to highlight the desired set of X, Y Coordinates for the selected Box. 5) Press the + or - button to move the designated corner along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 6) Press the L and R button to move the designated corner along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display.
BOX B

BOX A

BOX C

BOX COORDINATES HIGHLIGHTED

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A THROUGH C

7) Repeat Steps 4-6 to change the next set of X,Y coordinates, if desired. 8) Press the SELECT button until the box label is once again highlighted. 9) Follow the previous steps 3-8 to resize additional boxes. 10) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. Pressing Run will lock the revised boxes to their current position.

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5.3.6

Moving Multiple Boxes


1) Follow steps 1-3 for Selecting the Box Function (See Section 5.3.1). 2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.
BOX B

BOX A

BOX C

BOX C LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A THROUGH C

The new display will appear showing the boxes, the box label, the start point box coordinates for the upper left corner of the box, and the start point box coordinates for the lower right corner of the box. If the [TEMP ON] option was selected, the display will also show the maximum, minimum, and average temperature of the area defined by the boxes. 3) Press the + or - button to select the desired box label.
BOX B

BOX A

BOX C

BOX C LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A THROUGH C

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4) Press the SELECT button several times to highlight the Box Move Label [] of the desired box.
BOX B

BOX A

BOX C

BOX C MOVE LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A THROUGH C

5) Press the + or - button to move the designated corner along the vertical plane to the desired location point on the image display. 6) Press the L and R button to move the designated corner along the horizontal plane to the desired location point on the image display. 7) Press the SELECT button until the Box Move Label [] of the desired box is once again highlighted. 8) Follow the previous steps 3-7 to move additional boxes. 9) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. Pressing Run will lock the revised boxes to their current positions.

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5.3.7

Deleting Individual Boxes


1) Follow steps 1-3 for Selecting the Box Function (See Section 5.3.1). 2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.
BOX B

BOX A

BOX C

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A THROUGH C

The new display will appear showing the boxes, the box label, the start point box coordinates for the upper left corner of the box, and the start point box coordinates for the lower right corner of the box. If the [TEMP ON] option was selected, the display will also show the maximum, minimum, and average temperature of the area defined by the boxes. 3) Press the + or - button to scroll through the highlighted box labels to select the box that needs to be deleted.
BOX B

BOX A

BOX C

BOX B LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A THROUGH C

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4) Press the MODE button to delete the selected box.

BOX A

BOX B

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A AND B


BOX B LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

When a selected box has been deleted, the remaining boxes are relabeled. 5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the box label. 6) Repeat steps 3-5 to delete additional boxes. 7) Press RUN to return to the main display. Pressing RUN will lock the remaining boxes to their new positions.

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5.3.8

Deleting All Boxes


1) Follow steps 1-3 for Selecting the Box Function (See Section 5.3.1). 2) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

BOX A

BOX B

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A AND B


BOX B LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

The new display will appear showing the box, the box label, the start point box coordinates for the upper left corner of the box, and the start point box coordinates for the lower right corner of the box. If the [TEMP ON] option was selected, the display will also show the maximum, minimum, and average temperature of the area defined by the box. 3) Press the - button to scroll through the highlighted box labels to select the box function [OFF].

BOX A

BOX B

MAX, MIN, AND AVG TEMPS FOR BOXES A AND B


BOX [OFF] LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

4) Press RUN to return to the main display.

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5.4

Working with the Max/Min Temperature Display

The MikroScan 7400 allows you to detect and display the locations of the Maximum and Minimum temperatures on a thermal image. The Max/Min Temperature Display Options can be used in either the RUN or FREEZE modes. The Max/Min Temperature Display offers five mode choices: Mode
[OFF]

Details Deactivates the maximum/minimum temperature display. Displays the maximum temperature value of the thermal image and tracks it with the cursor. Displays the minimum temperature value of the thermal image and tracks it with the cursor. Displays the maximum temperature value of the thermal image and holds its value. Displays the minimum temperature value of the thermal image and holds its value.

[MAX]

[MIN]

[MAX HOLD]

[MIN HOLD]

5.4.1

Accessing the Max/Min Temperature Function


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu.

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3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [MAX/MIN TEMP] from the list of menu options.
[MAX/MIN TEMP SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

MAX/MIN OPTION LABEL

BOX OPTION LABEL

The new display will appear showing the MAX/MIN OPTION LABEL as well as the MAX/MIN BOX OPTION LABEL.

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5.4.2

Selecting the Max/Min Temperature OptionEntire Image


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Max/Min Temperature Function (See Section 5.4.1). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [OFF], [MAX], [MIN], [MAX HOLD], or [MIN HOLD], from the highlighted options.

MAX/MIN OPTION LABEL SELECTED

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the box option label.

MAX/MIN BOX OPTION LABEL SELECTED

4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [WHOLE] from highlighted box option label.

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5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

MAX OR MIN POINT MAX OR MIN TEMP

The new display will appear showing the MAX or MIN temperature point of the entire display along with the MAX or MIN temperature at the cursor point.

5.4.3

Setting the Max/Min Temperature OptionDefined Box


1) Create one or more boxes on the display.

PREDEFINED BOXES

Refer to Section 5.3 entitled Working with Boxes for more information on creating and modifying boxes. 2) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Max/Min Temperature Function (See Section 5.4.1).

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3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [OFF], [MAX], [MIN], [MAX HOLD], or [MIN HOLD] from the highlighted options.

MAX/MIN OPTION LABEL SELECTED

4) Press the SELECT button to highlight the box option label.

PREDEFINED BOXES

5) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired box label from the highlighted options. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

MAX OR MIN TEMP OF DEFINED BOX MAX OR MIN POINT OF DEFINED BOX

The new display will appear with the cursor point located at the defined MAX or MIN temperature point of the defined box.
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5.5

Working with the Event Function

The Event Function of the MikroScan 7400 allows you to detect when the temperature on a thermal image moves above or below a specified temperature range. The event function options can be used in either the RUN or FREEZE modes.

5.5.1

Accessing the Event Function Options


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [RUN MODE] from the list of menu options.
[RUN MODE SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to access the [RUN MODE] menu.

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5.5.2

Selecting a Threshold Value


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Event Function Options (See Section 5.5.1). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [EVENT] from the list of menu options.
[RUN MODE EVENT OPTION SELECTED]

NOTE
If a threshold value is not specified, the event condition will be triggered according to the maximum or minimum temperature values of a specific box or the whole image as specified through the box range options.

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the threshold temperature setting.


[RUN MODE EVENT THRESHOLD TEMPERATURE SETTING SELECTED]

If a threshold value is not specified, an event condition will be triggered according to the maximum or minimum temperature values of the thermal image.

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4) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the temperature threshold value. 5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the threshold temperature condition settings.
[RUN MODE EVENT THRESHOLD TEMPERATURE CONDITION SELECTED]

The two threshold temperature condition settings are:


[UNDER] which triggers an event condition when the temperature

decreases below the threshold value. rises above the threshold value.

[OVER] which triggers an event condition when the temperature

6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. OR 7) Press the SELECT button to set the event condition and to return to the run mode menu options.

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5.5.3

Selecting a Range Area


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Event Function Options (See Section 5.5.1). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [BOX] from the list of menu options.
[RUN MODE BOX OPTION SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the box range options.


[RUN MODE BOX RANGE OPTION HIGHLIGHTED]

The box range options are:


[A~E] the event condition is determined by the established threshold

value or the minimum/maximum temperature of a specific box as previously defined on the image (See Section 5.3 for more information on Working with Boxes).
[WHOLE] the event condition is determined by the established

threshold value or the minimum/maximum temperature of the entire image.

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4) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired box range option from the displayed options.
[RUN MODE BOX RANGE OPTION SELECTED]

5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. OR 6) Press the SELECT button to set the box range option and return to the list of displayed options.

NOTE
If a threshold value is not specified, the alarm will be triggered according to the maximum or minimum temperature values of a specific box or the whole image as specified through the box range options.

5.5.4

Choosing to Display an Alarm Warning Message


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Event Function Options (See Section 5.5.1). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [ALARM] from the list of menu options.
[RUN MODE ALARM OPTION SELECTED]

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3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the alarm condition settings.


[RUN MODE ALARM OPTION HIGHLIGHTED]

4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [ON] from the alarm condition options.
[RUN MODE ALARM ON SELECTED]

5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. OR 6) Press the SELECT button to set the [ON] option and return to the list of displayed options.

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5.5.5

Choosing to Freeze Measurements


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Event Function Options (See Section 5.5.1). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [FREEZE] from the list of menu options.
[RUN MODE FREEZE OPTION SELECTED]

NOTE
If a threshold value is not specified, the freeze measurement even will be triggered according to the maximum or minimum temperature values of a specific box or the whole image as specified through the box range options.

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the freeze condition settings.


[RUN MODE FREEZE CONDITION HIGHLIGHTED]

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4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [EVENT] from the freeze condition options.
[RUN MODE FREEZE EVENT SELECTED]

5) Press the SELECT button to set the freeze condition option and return to the list of displayed options. 5.5.5.1 Selecting a Freeze Delay Option 1) Press the + or - button as needed to select [DELAY] from the list of menu options.
[RUN MODE DELAY SELECTED]

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2) Press the SELECT button to highlight the freeze delay settings.


[RUN MODE DELAY SETTINGS HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
If the save to memory card option had been previously selected, the delay setting options would be set for the number of frames to be captured during the freeze event. If the save to memory card had not been previously selected, the delay setting options would be set for the number of seconds to wait before the measurement is frozen.

3) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the delay setting option.
[RUN MODE DELAY SETTINGS CHANGED]

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. OR 5) Press the SELECT button to set the freeze condition option and return to the list of displayed options.

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5.5.6

Choosing to Automatically Save Events to a Memory Card


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Event Function Options (See section 5.5.1). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SAVE] from the list of menu options.

NOTE
If the save to memory card option had been previously selected, the delay setting options would be set for the number of frames to be captured during the freeze event. If the save to memory card had not been previously selected, the delay setting options would be set for the number of seconds to wait before the measurement is frozen.

[RUN MODE SAVE OPTION SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the save option settings. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [PCMCIA] from the menu options.
[RUN MODE SAVE PCMCIA OPTION SELECTED]

5) Press the SELECT button to set the [PCMCIA] option and return to the list of displayed options.

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6) Press the + or - button as needed to select [INTERVAL] from the list of menu options.
[RUN MODE INTERVAL OPTION SELECTED]

7) Press the SELECT button to highlight the interval time setting. 8) Press the + or - button as needed to select increase or decrease the time interval that will be used in automatically saving the images to the compact flash card.
[RUN MODE INTERVAL TIME SETTING OPTION SELECTED]

The minimum time interval that can be set is five seconds, while the maximum time interval that can be set is one hour. 9) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. OR 10) Press the SELECT button to set the event conditions and to return to the run mode menu options.

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5.6

Working with the Multi Sense Function

The MikroScan 7400 offers a Multi Sense function, which provides visual enhancement of low contrast images and of high contrast images without changing the displayed temperature range. The Multi-Sense function offers three mode choices: Mode
[MIDDLE]

Details Provides visual enhancement of low contrast images by enhancing the details surrounding the center temperature. Provides visual enhancement of high contrast images by enhancing the details surrounding the high and low temperature range. Disables the multi-sense function

NOTE
The Isothermal display is cancelled with the use of the Multi-Sense function. (See Section 5.7 of this manual for more information on Working with the Isothermal function).

[HIGH/LOW]

[OFF]

5.6.1

Selecting the Multi Sense Function


1) Verify the display is in RUN mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu.

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4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [MULTI SENSE] from the list of menu options.
[MULTI SENSE SELECTED]

5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the multi sense options.


[MULTI SENSE OPTION SELECTED]

The Multi Sense options are as follows: OFF MIDDLE HIGH/LOW 6) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired multi sense option from the list of menu options. 7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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5.7

Working with the Isothermal Function

An Isotherm is a visual representation of the temperature breakdown on a thermal image. The MikroScan 7400 Isothermal Function allows you to isolate up to four Isothermal bands, with each band representing a specified temperature range.

5.7.1

Selecting the Isothermal Function


1) Verify the display is in RUN mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [ISOTHERMAL] from the list of menu options.
[ISOTHERMAL SELECTED]

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5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

NOTE
If the display color settings are changed after an isothermal area has been displayed, the display of the isothermal areas will be cancelled.
ISOTHERMAL BAND
ISO BAND LABEL HIGHLIGHTED

A bar will appear at the bottom of the screen showing the ISO Band Label and the corresponding band.

5.7.2

Customizing the Range of a Single Isothermal Band


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Selecting the Isothermal Function (See Section 5.6.1). 2) Press the SELECT button to access the ISO change symbols.

ISO CHANGE SYMBOLS

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3) Press the L button to move the ISO Band up the temperature range scale or press R button to move the ISO Band down the temperature range scale.

ISOTHERMAL BAND

ISO CHANGE SYMBOLS

4) Press the + button to expand the size of the ISO Band or press the - button to contract the size of the ISO Band.

ISOTHERMAL BAND EXPANDED

ISO CHANGE SYMBOLS

5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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5.7.3

Adding Multiple Isothermal Bands


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Selecting the Isothermal Function (See Section 5.6.1). 2) Follow steps 2-4 for Customizing the Range of a Single ISO Thermal Band (See Section 5.6.2). 3) Press the SELECT button to access the ISO insertion mode.

ISO INSERTION MODE

4) Press the + button to add additional ISO Bands to the Temperature Range Scale.
ISOTHERMAL BAND 1 ISOTHERMAL BAND 2 ISOTHERMAL BAND 3 ISOTHERMAL BAND 4

ISO BAND LABELS

5) Follow steps 2-4 for Customizing the Range of a Single ISO Thermal Band (See Section 5.6.2). 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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5.7.4

Customizing the Range of Multiple Isothermal Bands


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Selecting the Isothermal Function (See Section 5.6.1). 2) Press the SELECT button to access ISO Band Labels.
ISOTHERMAL BAND 1 ISOTHERMAL BAND 2 ISOTHERMAL BAND 3 ISOTHERMAL BAND 4

ISO BAND LABELS

3) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired Isothermal Label.


ISOTHERMAL BAND 1 ISOTHERMAL BAND 2 ISOTHERMAL BAND 3 ISOTHERMAL BAND 4

ISO BAND LABEL SELECTED

4) Press the SELECT button to access the change symbols.


ISOTHERMAL BAND 1 ISOTHERMAL BAND 2 ISOTHERMAL BAND 3 ISOTHERMAL BAND 4

ISO CHANGE SYMBOLS

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5) Press the L button to move the ISO Band up the temperature range scale or press R button to move the ISO Band down the temperature range scale. 6) Press the + button to expand the size of the ISO Band or press the - button to contract the size of the ISO Band.
ISOTHERMAL BAND 1 CHANGED ISOTHERMAL BAND 2 ISOTHERMAL BAND 3 ISOTHERMAL BAND 4

ISO CHANGE SYMBOLS

7) Repeat steps 2-6 to change the remaining ISO Bands.


ISOTHERMAL BAND 1 CHANGED ISOTHERMAL BAND 2

ISOTHERMAL BAND 3 ISOTHERMAL BAND 4

8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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5.7.5

Erasing an Individual Isothermal Band


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Selecting the Isothermal Function (See Section 5.6.1). 2) Press the SELECT button to access ISO Band Labels. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired Isothermal Label.
ISOTHERMAL BAND 1 ISOTHERMAL BAND 2 ISOTHERMAL BAND 3 ISOTHERMAL BAND 4

ISO BAND LABEL SELECTED

4) Press the MODE button to clear the ISO Band from the display.
ISOTHERMAL BAND 1 ISOTHERMAL BAND 2 ISOTHERMAL BAND 3

ISO BAND LABEL CLEARED

5) Repeat steps 3-4 to clear additional ISO Bands from the display. 6) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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5.7.6

Erasing all Isothermal Bands


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Selecting the Isothermal Function (See Section 5.6.1). 2) Press the SELECT button as needed to access ISO Band Labels.
ISOTHERMAL BAND 1 ISOTHERMAL BAND 2 ISOTHERMAL BAND 3

ISO BAND LABELS

3) Press the - button as needed to select the Isothermal [OFF] Label.


ISOTHERMAL BAND 1 ISOTHERMAL BAND 2 ISOTHERMAL BAND 3

ISO BAND LABEL OFF SELECTED

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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Section

Advanced Operations
6.1
6.1.1

Working with External LCD Displays


Connecting the LCD Display

The MikroScan 7400 provides an S-Video/RS-232C port which is used for providing an interface for an external LCD display.

Before connecting the display cable to your MikroScan 7400, it is important that the power switch on the camera be in the off position. It is also important that the power to the LCD display remains off until all connections have been made.

S-Video/RS-232C Port

Display Cable Connector

1) Verify that the power switch is in the off position on both the camera and the LCD Display. 2) Open the terminal cover on the side of the camera. The MikroScan 7400 does not meet IP54 standards while the terminal cover remains open. 3) Connect the display cable connector to the S-Video/RS-232C Port on the camera. 4) Turn the power switch on the camera to the on position. 5) Turn the power switch on the LCD Display to the on position.

6.1.2

Disconnecting the LCD Display


1) Turn the power switch on the LCD Display to the off position. 2) Turn the power switch on the camera to the off position. 3) Disconnect the display cable connector from the S-Video/ RS-232C Port on the camera. 4) Close the terminal cover on the side of the camera. The MikroScan 7400 does not meet IP54 standards while the terminal cover remains open.

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6.1.3

Setting the RS-232C Baud Rate (if necessary)


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu.

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5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [RS BAUD RATE] from the list of menu options.
[RS BAUD RATE SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the baud rate options.


[RS BAUD RATE OPTION SELECTED]

7) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired baud rate from the list of menu options. The nine baud rate options are: 110, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400 8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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6.1.3

Setting the RS-232C Data Format (if necessary)


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu.

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5) Press the + or - button as needed to select [RS FORMAT] from the list of menu options.
[RS FORMAT SELECTED]

6) Press the SELECT button to highlight the RS Format options.


RS-232C DATA FORMAT DATA LENGTH 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 7 7 7

[RS DATA FORMAT SELECTED]


STOP BIT 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 PARITY NONE EVEN ODD NONE EVEN ODD NONE EVEN ODD NONE EVEN ODD

The variable options appear in the following order:


Data Length/Stop Bit/Parity

7) Press the + or - button to select the desired RS Data Format from the list of menu options (See the RS-232C Data Format Table in the sidebar). 8) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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6.2
6.2.1

Working with External Video Displays


Connecting the Video Display Cable

The MikroScan 7400 provides a NTSC/PAL composite video port which is used for providing an interface for external video displays.

Before connecting the display cable to your MikroScan 7400, it is important that the power switch on the camera be in the off position. It is also important that the power to the video display remains off until all connections have been made.
NTSC/PAL Composite Video Port

The MikroScan 7400 does not meet IP54 standards while the terminal cover remains open.

Video Cable Connector

1) Verify that the power switch is in the off position on both the camera and the Video Monitor. 2) Open the terminal cover on the side of the camera. 3) Connect the display cable connector to the NTSC/PAL composite Video Port on the camera. 4) Turn the power switch on the camera to the on position. 5) Turn the power switch on the Video Monitor to the on position.

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6.2.2

Accessing the Video Display Parameters


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu.

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6.2.3

Setting the Video Display Parameters


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the Video Display Parameters (See Section 6.2.2). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [TV SYSTEM] from the list of menu options.
[TV SYSTEM SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the TV System options.


[TV SYSTEM OPTIONS SELECTED]

4) Press the + or - button to select the desired video output option from the list of menu options. The TV System options appear in the following order:
NTSC (default) PAL

5) Press the SELECT button to return to the main set environment menu.

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6) Press the + or - button as needed to select [TV SCAN] from the list of menu options.
[TV SCAN SELECTED]

7) Press the SELECT button to highlight the TV System options.


[TV SCAN OPTION SELECTED]

8) Press the + or - button to select the desired TV scan form from the list of menu options. The TV Scan options appear in the following order:
Non-Interlace (default) Interlace

9) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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6.3

Working with Communication Interfaces

The MikroScan 7400 has the ability to communicate in Real-Time with a remote computer (running the MikroSpec RT software) through an optional GPIB or IEEE 1394 (FireWire) interface.

6.3.1

Connecting the communication cable

Before connecting the communication cable to your MikroScan 7400, it is important that the power switch on the camera be in the off position. It is also important that the power to remote computer remains off until all connections have been made.

The MikroScan 7400 does not meet IP54 standards while the interface hatch door remains open.

1) Verify that the power switch is in the off position on both the camera and the remote computer. 2) Open the interface hatch door on the back of the camera. 3) Connect the appropriate communication interface cable to the GPIB or FireWire port. 4) Turn the power switch on the camera to the on position. 5) Turn the power switch on the remote computer to the on position. 6) Follow the instructions outlined in the MikroSpec RT Manual.

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6.4

Detector Stabilization (NUC)

The Non Uniformity Correction (NUC) function corrects uneven characteristics of the UFPA (Infrared detector elements). The focal plane array is made up of 76800 infrared sensitive cells called pixels. When scenes containing bright objects or areas are focused on the array, some pixels may be partially or completely saturated, rendering them noisy or unresponsive. The main unit internally has a reference blackbody source, which has an even temperature surface. The NUC operation corrects the unevenness of characteristics for all elements of the UFPA by a reference blackbody source while an internal accurate thermometer monitors the temperature of the reference blackbody source and calibrates the unit during the NUC operation. This operation is referred to in thermal imaging as NUCing the array.

6.4.1

Accessing the NUC mode menu options


1) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

2) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 3) Press the + or - button as needed to select [SET ENVIRONMENT] from the list of menu options.
[SET ENVIRONMENT SELECTED]

4) Press the RUN button to display the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu.

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6.4.2

Selecting the Manual NUC mode option


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the NUC Mode menu options (See Section 6.4.1 of this Manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [NUC MODE] from the list of menu options.
[NUC MODE SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the NUC mode options. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [MANUAL] from the NUC mode menu options.
[MANUAL NUC OPTION SELECTED]

When the manual NUC mode operation has been selected, the instrument will perform non uniformity correction (detector stabilization) whenever the display changes to the Run mode. 5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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6.4.3

Selecting the Auto NUC mode option


1) Follow steps 1-4 for Accessing the NUC Mode menu options (See Section 6.4.1 of this Manual). 2) Press the + or - button as needed to select [NUC MODE] from the list of menu options.
[NUC MODE SELECTED]

3) Press the SELECT button to highlight the NUC mode options. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [AUTO] from the NUC mode menu options.
[AUTO NUC OPTION SELECTED]

5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the NUC time interval option. The NUC time interval option appears in the following order hours/minutes

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6) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the desired time interval (ranging from 1 minute to 24 hours).
[NUC TIME INTERVAL OPTION SELECTED]

7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. When the Auto NUC mode operation has been selected, the instrument will perform non uniformity correction (detector stabilization) according to the time interval set in Step 6 above.

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Advanced Operations

6.5

Calibrating the Instrument

The calibration function has two modes: REF CAL and ERSP CAL. The two CALIBRATION modes are as follows: Mode
REF CAL

Function The REF CAL (Reference Calibration) mode is used when the surface to be measured has a low emissivity (high reflectivity) and the surface temperature is low or close to ambient. It is also used when the surface is reflecting energy originating from ambient conditions or some other source that cannot be shielded or compensated for by use of the emissivity setting. To correct for the error, the MikroScan 7400 is first aimed at the ambient or other source of error. It then generates a compensation signal to correct all subsequent measurements of the same scene.

ERSP CAL

Users who are not familiar with terms such as emissivity, reflectance, and blackbody are recommended to read the section on Principles of Infrared Temperature Measurement in Section 8 of this manual.

The ERSP CAL (External Response Calibration) mode is used when the instrument is being operated in ambient temperatures close to the upper (40C) or lower (0C) ambient limits of the instruments operation specification. The use of a blackbody source capable of temperatures in excess of 60C to 70C is recommended. In performing this calibration, REF CAL is performed in advance.

6.5.1

Choosing the Calibration Mode


1) Verify the display is in Run mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU]

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu.

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4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [CALIBRATION] from the list of menu options.

In both the REF CAL and the ERSP CAL procedures, the instrument must be allowed to stabilize for 10 minutes after the Power has been turned on. The instrument should be calibrated prior to making any set of measurements.

[CALIBRATION SELECTED]

5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. A bar will appear at the bottom of the screen displaying the calibration choices.

[HIGHLIGHTED CALIBRATION OPTION]

6) Press the + or - button to scroll through the highlighted calibration labels to select the desired calibration option. Calibration options are as follows: REF CAL ERSP CAL 7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.

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6.5.2
Note: REF CAL is only used for Ranges 1 and 2. It is not required for optional ranges. If the OUT OF CAL message is displayed, no other operations can be performed until the MODE button is pressed.

Performing a REF CAL (Reference Calibration)


1) Follow steps 1-7 for Choosing the Calibration Mode (See Section 6.5.1 of this Manual). The task bar will display PUT THE LENS CAP ON. 2) Attach the Lens Cap 3) Press the RUN button to begin the REF CAL The instrument will go into the FREEZE mode and PROCESSING will be displayed on the task bar for about 5 or 6 seconds, during which time the calibration will be completed. 4) Remove the Lens Cap

6.5.3

Performing a ERSP CAL (External Response Calibration)


1) Follow steps 1-7 for Choosing the Calibration Mode (See Section 6.5.1 of this Manual).

The task bar will display PUT THE LENS CAP ON. 2) Attach the Lens Cap. 3) Press the RUN button to begin a REF CAL. The blackbody or hot plate must be higher than 70C if Range 1 is being used and higher than 150C if Range 2 is being used. The diameter of the source must be greater than the Field of View of the instrument at any given distance. A typical source diameter for calibration is 100cm at 10 cm distance. The instrument will go into the FREEZE mode and PROCESSING will be displayed on the task bar for about 5 or 6 seconds, while a REF CAL is being completed. After the REF CAL has been completed, the task bar will display HIGH TEMP PLEASE. 4) Remove the Lens Cap. 5) Point the instrument at a blackbody source or uniform hot plate. 6) Press the RUN button to begin an ERSP CAL. The instrument will go into the FREEZE mode and PROCESSING will be displayed on the task bar for about 5 or 6 seconds, while the ERSP CAL is being completed. 7) Press the RUN button to return to normal operation.

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6.6

Returning all Settings to Default Values


1) Press and hold the RUN and AUTO button simultaneously while moving the power switch to the on position.
Palette Bar

Camera Software Version

Condition Initial Message

Initialization in Progress

Once the power switch has been turned on, the camera will enter an initialization mode. As this process begins, a [CONDITION INITIAL] message will appear on the display offering you the choice of returning the instrument to its default values or to have the instrument retain its former settings. 2) Press the RUN button to select OK:enter Once the RUN button has been selected, the camera will continue through the initialization process. Once the initialization process has been completed, the camera enters the run mode and all settings will have been returned to the instruments default values. OR Press the MODE button to select NO:cancel Once the MODE button has been selected, the camera will continue through the initialization process. Once the initialization process has been completed, the camera enters the run mode and all settings will have retained their former values.

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Section

High Temperature Applications


The MikroScan 7400 not only serves as a general purpose imager, but also has the ability to perform superbly in high temperature applications. In addition, by utilizing the high temperature range, specialized infrared filtering capabilities, radiation shield, and protective window assembly, the MikroScan 7400 can be used for applications such as measuring the temperature of tube walls inside a furnace without the interference from combustion flames.

7.1

Getting Started

Before exposing the imager to extremely high temperatures and flame, it is imperative that you first attach the radiation shield and protective window assembly. Failure to do so will result in damage to the camera.
Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

Before exposing the imager to extremely high temperatures and flame, it is imperative that you first attach the radiation shield and protective window assembly. Failure to do so will result in damage to the camera.

Step 4

Step 5

1) Unscrew the protective ring by turning it in a counter-clockwise direction. 2) Remove the protective ring from the camera. 3) Place the radiation shield over the front surface ring seat of the camera. Make sure that the small hole on the radiation shield lines up with the visible light lens and that the reflective surface of the shield is facing away from the camera. 4) Align the threads of the protective window assembly with those on the ring seat of the camera. 5) Turn the protective window assembly in a clockwise direction until the assembly is firmly secured.

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7.2

Selecting the Temperature Range and Mode

In addition to offering two temperature ranges, which are suitable for most general purpose applications, the MikroScan 7400 also offers a third temperature range which is specifically geared for high temperature applications such as obtaining thermal images of wall tubes inside petrochemical and utility furnaces.

7.2.1

Selecting the Temperature Range


1) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

Before exposing the imager to extremely high temperatures and flame, it is imperative that you first attach the radiation shield and protective window assembly. Failure to do so will result in damage to the camera.

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [RANGE] from the list of menu options.
[RANGE SELECTED]

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5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the range number.


[RANGE NUMBER HIGHLIGHTED]

The three temperature ranges are


RANGE 1 RANGE 2 RANGE 3 -40C TO 120C (-40F TO 248F) 0C TO 500C (32F TO 932F) 400C TO 2000C (752F TO 3632F)

6) Press the + or - button as needed to select RANGE 3 from the list of menu options.
[RANGE 3 SELECTED]

7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.


[MESSAGE]

A brief message will appear reminding you to select the tube emissivity and background temperature.

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7.2.2

Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting


1) Follow steps 1-6 for Selecting the Temperature Range (See Section 7.2.1 of this manual). 2) Press the SELECT button to highlight the temperature range mode.
[RANGE MODE HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the + or - button as needed to select the desired temperature range mode from the list of menu options. The two temperature range modes are
FIXED L/S LINK (LEVEL/SENS LINKING MODE)

4) Press the RUN button to return to the main display.


[MESSAGE]

A brief message will appear reminding you to select the tube emissivity and background temperature.

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7.3

Working with the Tube Emissivity and Background Temperature Settings

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

Because the spectral radiance striking a single pixel of the detector is comprised of several radiation components, inferring the tube wall temperature from the indicated apparent temperature is difficult. Normally tube surroundings are comprised of the refractory wall, the opposite side tube banks the hot combustion gases. Irradiance originating from surroundings onto the tube is reflected into the thermal imager at a narrow pass spectral band of 3.90um, even though the narrow pass band filter at 3.90um is eliminating nearly all of the influence of the flame. Never the less, the flame has some effects, especially when low quality fuel is used. As a result, all these extra radiation components can cause a higher reading than the actual temperature. However, the MikroScan 7400 does provide the user with two choices to resolve this phenomenon. The first method is to increase the emissivity value in order to reduce the apparent temperature so that it will coincide with the actual temperature. The second method is to input a higher background temperature than the actual.

7.3.1

Establishing the Tube Emissivity Setting (Option 1)

When using Range 3, the MikroScan 7400 allows you to correct errors associated with background radiance by letting you apply what is known as an Apparent Emissivity value. This apparent emissivity value can be set up to a maximum of 2.00. To establish the apparent emissivity value: 1) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
If the term emissivity is not familiar, please refer to the sections Principles of Infrared Measurement, Practical Measurement and Emissivities of Various Materials at the end of this manual. 3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu.

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4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [TUBE EMISS] from the list of menu options.
[TUBE EMISS SELECTED]

5) Press the SELECT button to highlight the tube emissivity settings.


[TUBE EMISSIVITY SETTINGS HIGHLIGHTED]

6) Press the + or - button as needed to select an emissivity setting from .50 to 2.00. Since the correction of temperature with this method may force the emissivity value to exceed the theoretical maximum of 1.0, the word of apparent emissivity was coined to describe this approach. Instead of traditional symbol of E the new symbol will appear as A or a. 7) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. The new display will appear showing the new apparent emissivity setting.

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7.3.2

Establishing the Tube Emissivity Setting (Option 2)


1) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the emissivity value appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.
[TUBE EMISSIVITY VALUE HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the tube emissivity value. The display will automatically reflect the selected apparent emissivity value.

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7.3.3

Adjusting for Background Temperature

When the emissivity of measured object is low, reflectivity will be high. If background objects are radiating larger amounts of infrared radiation, due to either higher temperature than the target or higher emissivity, the infrared energy from the background will add to the indicated temperature reported by the MikroScan 7400 thus causing an error. The MikroScan 7400 incorporates a sophisticated algorithm to remove these types of reflectivity/background errors. When using Range 3, the MikroScan 7400 allows you to correct errors associated with background radiance by letting you enter a value for the background temperature. This value is then incorporated into a sophisticated algorithm which is used to remove these types of reflectivity/background errors. Most users can read the background temperature of the furnace from thermocouple readings available in the control room and will input this value as the background temperature. To adjust the Background Temperature value: 1) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode. 2) Press the SELECT button repeatedly until the [MENU] option appears highlighted at the top right hand corner of the display.

NOTE
The [MENU] option only remains highlighted for approximately 5 seconds. In order to proceed to the command menu, the RUN button needs to be pressed while [MENU] is highlighted. If [MENU] is not highlighted and the RUN button is pressed, the display will enter freeze mode.

[MENU HIGHLIGHTED]

3) Press the RUN button to display the command menu. 4) Press the + or - button as needed to select [BACKGROUND TEMPERATURE] from the list of menu options.
[BACKGROUND TEMPERATURE SELECTED]

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5) Press the RUN button to return to the main display. A bar will appear at the bottom of the screen showing the current background temp setting.
[BACKGROUND TEMPERATURE VALUE SELECTED]

6) Press the + or - button as needed to increase or decrease the background temperature value. 7) Press the RUN button to set the value and to return to the main display.

7.4

Switching between Range 2 and Range 3

When the L/S LINK mode is selected for RANGE 2 and the temperature level exceeds the upper limit of RANGE 2, the instrument will automatically jump to RANGE 3. When the L/S LINK mode is selected for RANGE 3 and the temperature level exceeds the lower limit of RANGE 3, the instrument will automatically jump to RANGE 2.

7.4.1

Using the Manual Formatting Option with L/S Link


Follow steps 1-4 for Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting (See Section 7.2.1 of this manual). In step 3 of Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting, be sure to select [L/S LINK].
[L/S LINK RANGE MODE HIGHLIGHTED]

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High Temperature Applications

1) Verify that the sensitivity level is set at a number which is common to the two ranges (See the sidebar note for the list of common sensitivity values).

NOTE
The Sensitivity Level settings for Range 2 and Range 3 are as follows: RANGE 2
Fahrenheit [S1.5F] [S2.0F] [S3.0F] [S5.0F] [S7.0F] [S10F] [S15F] [S20F] [S30F] [S50F] [S70F] [S100F] Celsius [S0.7C] [S1.0C] [S1.5C] [S2.0C] [S3.0C] [S5.0C] [S7.0C] [S10C] [S15C] [S20C] [S30C] [S50C]

[SENSITIVITY LEVEL]

If the sensitivity level is not set to a number which is in common between the two ranges, the instrument will not automatically jump to the next range. 2) Press the SELECT button to highlight the temperature level.
[TEMPERATURE LEVEL HIGHLIGHTED]

RANGE 3
Fahrenheit [S20F] [S30F] [S50F] [S70F] [S100F] [S150F] [S200F] [S300C] [S500C] Celsius [S10C] [S15C] [S20C] [S30C] [S50C] [S70C] [S100C] [S150C] [S200C]

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3) Hold the + button down until the temperature level exceeds the upper limit of RANGE 2.
[TEMPERATURE LEVEL HIGHLIGHTED]

NOTE
The Maximum Temperature Level for Range 2 is 500C (932F), while the Minimum Temperature Level for Range 2 is 0C (32F). The Maximum Temperature Level for Range 3 is 2000C (3632F), while the Minimum Temperature Level for Range 3 is 400C (752F).
[RANGE CHANGE)

The screen will freeze momentarily while the instrument is processing the range change. Once the processing has been completed, R3 will appear in the upper left corner of the display to indicate that the camera is now operating in RANGE 3. 7.4.1.2 Jumping from Range 3 to Range 2 1) Verify that the sensitivity level is set at a number which is common to the two ranges (See the sidebar note in Section 7.4.1.1 for the list of common sensitivity values). 2) Press the SELECT button to highlight the temperature level. 3) Hold the - button down until the temperature level exceeds the lower limit of RANGE 3.
[TEMPERATURE LEVEL HIGHLIGHTED]

[RANGE CHANGE)

The screen will freeze momentarily while the instrument is processing the range change. Once the processing has been completed, R2 will appear in the upper left corner of the display to indicate that the camera is now operating in RANGE 2.

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7.4.2

Using the Auto Formatting Option with L/S Link


1) Follow steps 1-7 for Accessing the Auto Formatting Functions (See Section 4.9.1 of this manual). 2) Verify the AUTO MODE in the [SET ENVIRONMENT] menu is set to [FULL] (See Section 4.9.2 of this manual for more information on Performing the Full Auto Function).
[AUTO MODE--FULL OPTION SELECTED]

3) Follow steps 1-4 for Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting (See Section 7.2.2 of this manual). In step 3 of Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting, be sure to select [L/S LINK].
[L/S LINK RANGE MODE HIGHLIGHTED]

4) Verify the camera is operating in [RUN] mode (See Section 4.1 of this manual for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes). 5) Press the AUTO button. The screen will freeze momentarily while the instrument is auto processing. Once auto processing has been completed, the display will once again appear in [RUN] mode.

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Principle of Thermal Imaging

Principle of Thermal Imaging


All materials, which are above 0 degrees Kelvin (-273 degrees C), emit infrared energy. The infrared energy emitted from the measured object is converted into an electrical signal by the imaging sensor (microbolometer) in the camera and displayed on a monitor as a color or monochrome thermal image. The basic principle is explained as follows:

8.1

Infrared Radiation

The infrared ray is a form of electromagnetic radiation the same as radio waves, microwaves, ultraviolet rays, visible light, X-rays, and gamma rays. All these forms, which collectively make up the electromagnetic spectrum, are similar in that they emit energy in the form of electromagnetic waves traveling at the speed of light. The major difference between each band in the spectrum is in their wavelength, which correlates to the amount of energy the waves carry. For example, while gamma rays have wavelengths millions of times smaller than those of visible light, radio waves have wavelengths that are billions of times longer than those of visible light.

A Spectrum of Electromagnetic Radiation

The wavelength of the infrared radiation band is 0.78 to 1000m (micrometers). This is longer than the wavelength of visible light yet shorter that radio waves. The wavelengths of infrared radiation are classified from the near infrared to the far infrared.

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8.2

Emissivity

Infrared radiation is energy radiated by the motion of atoms and molecules on the surface of object, where the temperature of the object is more than absolute zero. The intensity of the emittance is a function of the temperature of the material. In other words, the higher the temperature, the greater the intensity of infrared energy that is emitted. As well as emitting infrared energy, materials also reflect infrared, absorb infrared and, in some cases, transmit infrared. When the temperature of the material equals that of its surroundings, the amount of thermal radiation absorbed by the object equals the amount emitted by the object.

Transmission, Absorption, and Reflection of Infrared Energy

The figure above shows the three modes by which the radiant energy striking an object may be dissipated. These modes of dissipation are: a = absorption t = transmission r = reflection The fractions of the total radiant energy, which are associated with each of the above modes of dissipation, are referred to as the absorptivity (a) transmissivity (t) and the reflectivity (r) of the body. According to the theory of conservation of energy, the extent to which materials reflect, absorb and transmit IR energy is known as the emissivity of the material.

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8.3

Blackbody Radiation

The emissivity of a body is defined formally by the equation below as the ratio of the radiant energy emitted by the body to the radiation, which would be emitted by a blackbody at the same temperature. Note: A blackbody is a theoretical surface, which absorbs and re-radiates all the IR energy it receives. It does not reflect or transmit any IR energy. Perfect blackbody surfaces do not exist in nature.

Where, Wo = total radiant energy emitted by a body at a given temperature T. Wbb = total radiant energy emitted by a blackbody at the same temperature T. If all energy falling on an object were absorbed (no transmission or reflection), the absorptivity would equal to 1. At a steady temperature, all the energy absorbed could be re-radiated (emitted) so that the emissivity of such a body would equal 1. Therefore in a blackbody, absorptivity = emissivity = 1 Practical real life objects do not behave exactly as this ideal, but as described with transmissivity and reflectivity, absorptivity + transmissivity + reflectivity = 1 Energy radiated from the blackbody is described as follows [Plancks Law.]

Plancks Law

(1)
In order to obtain total radiant emittance of the blackbody, integrate the equation (1) through all wavelengths (0 to infinity). The result is as follows and is called StefanBolzmann equation.

Stefan Bolzmanns equation

(2)
The temperature of blackbody can be obtained directly from the radiant energy of the blackbody by this equation. In order to find out the wavelength on the maximum spectral radiant emittance, differentiate Plancks law and take the value to 0.

Wiens displacement law

(3)

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This equation is called Wiens displacement law. Where in (1) to (3),

In radiation of a normal object, as the emissivity is (<1) times of the blackbody, multiply above equation by the emissivity. The following figures show the spectral radiant emittance of a blackbody. (a) is shown by logarithmic scale and (b) is shown by linear scale.

Spectral radiant emittance of a blackbody

The graphs show that wavelength and spectral radiant emittance vary with the temperature. They also show that as the temperature rises, the peak of spectral radiant emittance is shifting to shorter wavelengths. This phenomenon is observable in the visible light region as an object at a low temperature appears red, and as the temperature increases, it changes to yellowish and then whitish colorthus shifting to shorter & shorter wavelengths as the temperature increases.

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8.4

Blackbody Type Source and Emissivity

Although a blackbody is actually only a theoretical ideal, an object can be manufactured which approximates it. A law closely related to the blackbody is Kirchhoffs law that defines reflection, transmission, absorption and radiation. Key: a = absorptivity t = transmissivity r = reflectivity e = emissivity

a=e=1
Absorptivity equals emissivity, thus emissivity can be described by reflectivity and transmissivity.

a+t+r=1
In order to obtain the true temperature of an object, it is necessary to obtain the emissivity correctly. Therefore, the emissivity of the object has to be measured by using a blackbody-type source which is closest to an ideal blackbody as possible. The blackbody-type source can be designed to meet the conditions pointed out by Kirchoff where the radiation within an isothermal enclosure is blackbody radiation. As a blackbody-type source for a measurement must radiate outside of the enclosed surface, a small hole is cut through the wall of the enclosure small enough not to disturb the blackbody condition. The radiation leaving this hole should closely approximate that of a blackbody. When the diameter of the hole is as 2r and the depth is as L, if L/r is equal or more than 6, it is used as a blackbody-type source for practical use. The following figure shows an example of a blackbody-type source based on blackbody conditions.

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8.5

Determining Emissivity

Emissivity is the ratio of energy radiated from an object to the exterior and energy radiated from a blackbody. The emissivity varies with the surface condition of the object and also with temperature and wavelength. If this value is not accurate, then the true temperature cannot be measured. In other words, a variation or change in emissivity will cause a change in the indications on a thermal imager. To approach the true temperature therefore, The emissivity must approximate 1.0 ( nearly a blackbody.) The emissivity must be corrected. ( object must be internally corrected to The measured object must be The emissivity of the measured 1 by the thermal imager.)

Therefore, in order to perform correct measurement for true temperature, the emissivity is determined as follows: 1) By means of a printed table Various books and literature carry physical constants tables, but if the measuring condition is not identical, the constants may not usable. In such cases the literature should be used only for reference. 2) Determination by ratio Option 1 A contact-type thermometer is used to confirm that the measured object is in thermal equilibrium and that the blackbody-type source is at the same temperature. The object and the blackbody-type source are then measured with the radiation thermometer and the resulting energy ratio is then used to define the emissivity as follows:

EK : energy of blackbody-type source ES: energy of measured object X: emissivity of measured object EK : ES = 1 : X Where, 3) Determination by ratio Option 2 An object, resembling a blackbody, is attached to a heat source to make the temperature of the blackbody part and the measuring object the same. The ratio of infrared radiation energies are then determined as in #2 above.

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4) Comparison with blackbody surface Option 1 A very small hole is made in the measured object to satisfy the aforementioned blackbody conditions, and to make the temperature of the entire object uniform. Then, using the emissivity correcting function of thermal imager, the emissivity is reduced until the temperature of the point to be measured equals the temperature of the small hole measured at an emissivity of 1. The emissivity setting should be the emissivity of the object. (This applies only when the conditions are the same as at measurement.) 5) Comparison with blackbody surface Option 2 If a small hole cannot be made in the object, then the emissivity can be obtained by applying black paint to the object and reaching a thermal equilibrium through similar procedures. But since the painted object will not provide a complete blackbody, the emissivity of the painted object needs to be set first and then the temperature can be measured. The following figure shows examples of blackbody paint.

Examples of Blackbody Paint

Note: For low temperatures, masking tape or cornstarch can be used.

8.6

Background Noise

When measuring the temperature of an object by a radiation thermometer, it is important to take into consideration the above-mentioned emissivity correction as well as the environmental conditions where the measurements will be performed. Infrared rays enter the thermal imager from the measuring object as well as all other objects nearby. Therefore, in order to avoid this influence, a function of environment reflection correction, etc. is required. Also, when accurate data is required, it is necessary to minimize the influence by shortening the transmission route of the infrared ray, for example. The following methods may be useful to reduce background noise. 1) Shorten the distance between the measured object and of the thermal imager. Please keep a safe distance to protect the operator as well as the instrument. 2) Have no high temperature object behind the measured object, such as the sun shining on the back of the measured object. 3) Do not allow direct sunlight to strike thermal imager. 4) Do not allow obstacles such as dust or vapor (which attenuates the infrared signal) between the measured object and the thermal imager.
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8.7

Practical Measurement

There are a number of methods for correcting emissivity in order to obtain the true temperature. The correction procedure with each method will be explained next. (1) Method of comparison or direct measurement with emissivity equal to approximately 1.0 a) Stabilize the temperature of the measured object or similar material. b) Open a very small hole (hereafter called blackbody part) in the object which the thermal imager must measure as to satisfy blackbody conditions. c) Then set the emissivity correcting function of thermal imager so that the temperature of the blackbody part and the measured surface will be the same. The obtained emissivity will be the emissivity of the measured surface. d) Thereafter when measuring the same type object, it is unnecessary to change the emissivity setting. (2) Method of direct measurement of emissivity If a hole cannot be made as in method 1, then apply black high emissivity paint and carry out the same procedures to obtain the emissivity. Since the black paint will not provide a perfect blackbody, first set the emissivity of the black paint and then measure the temperature. (3) Indirect measurement Measure a sample similar to the measured object, and place it in a condition able to be heated by a heater, etc. Then measure the object and the sample alternately with the camera and when the indicated values are identical, measure the sample with a contact-type thermometer. Adjust the emissivity of the thermal imager to cause the temperature readout to match that of the contact measurement. The resulting emissivitiy is that of the sample. (4) Measuring by Wedge effect With this method, the emissivity of the measured surface itself is enhanced through use of the wedge or semi-wedge effect. But one must be careful about the number of reflections and/or the measuring angle. A small change in angle will reduce the emissivity enhancement.
Measuring by Wedge effect

Note: If you already know the emissivity, you can make thermal imaging measurements immediately.

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8.8

Emissivity of Various Materials

FromInfrared Radiation, a Handbook for Applicationsby Mikael A. Bramson

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8.8

Emissivity of Various Materials (continued)

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8.8

Emissivity of Various Materials (continued)

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Emissivity of Various Materials (continued)

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Appendix
9.1 After use care
Proper care and storage of the instrument after measurement tasks have been completed will help to prolong the life of the instrument and avoid malfunction.

Do not use thinners, benzene or other chemicals to clean the lens as these will damage the lens coating.

When measurements have been completed: 1) Clean off any dirt or contamination from the camera with a soft, dry cloth. 2) Remove any remaining dirt and contamination with a damp cloth and a small amount of neutral detergent, then wipe dry. 3) Inspect the lens and the viewfinder eyepiece for smears or dust. Remove dust using a lens brush available from many camera stores. Remove smears with a lens tissue and lens cleaning fluid, also available from many camera stores.

The MikroScan 7400 instrument is a sealed unit. Do not attempt to open the instrument housing as this will void the Mikron warranty. Please refer to the warranty statement found in Section 1.5 of this manual.

4) Turn the power off, fold down the viewfinder and replace the lens cap. 5) Remove any cables by gripping the connector and not the cable. 6) Close the interface hatch door on the back of the camera and ensure the door is latched. 7) Replace the terminal cover located on the side of the camera. 8) Remove and recharge the battery, if one has been used. 9) Place the instrument and accessories in the case provided and store it in ambient conditions that do not exceed -20C to 70C and 90% relative humidity.

NOTE
If you do not possess a certified calibration source, units can be purchased from Mikron, certified traceable to NIST. Alternatively, the instrument may be returned to Mikron for calibration and certification. (See Section 1.7 of this manual to review the Procedure for Factory Repair and Return).

9.2

Maintenance

In addition to carrying out the after use care procedures listed in Section 8.1 of this manual, it is recommended that the instrument be calibrated against a certified blackbody source at least once a year and that a log be kept of the calibration date and results, together with hours of operation. If you do not possess a certified calibration source, units can be purchased from Mikron, certified traceable to NIST. Alternatively, the instrument may be returned to Mikron for calibration and certification.

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9.3

Troubleshooting Symptoms
Probable cause Power switch is not turned on. Corrective Action Turn on the power switch behind the hatch cover. (See Section 3.6 for more information on Obtaining the First Image).

Symptom 1. Instrument does not power up.

AC Adapter is not con- Connect the AC adapter. (See nected. Section 3.2.3 for more information on Connecting the AC Adapter). Battery is not connected. Install the battery. (See Section 3.2.2 for more information on Attaching the Battery Pack).

The battery is conCharge the battery or use the AC nected but not charged. Adapter. (See Section 3.1 for more information on Charging the Batteries or Section 3.2.3 for more information on Connecting the AC Adapter). 2. No image in viewfinder. Camera may be in FREEZE mode. Press RUN to activate measurement mode. (See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze modes) Remove the lens cap. (See Section 3.4 for more information on Handling the Lens Protection Cap). Set the instrument to use the correct range. (See Section 4.11 for more information on Selecting the Temperature Range and Mode).

The lens cap is on.

The instrument may be set to the incorrect range.

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Symptom

Probable cause

Corrective Action Adjust emissivity. (See Section 4.3 for more information on Working with Emissivity Settings. Also See Section 5.2 for more information on working with Point Emissivitites). Adjust Ambient Compensation values. (See Section 4.4 for more information on Adjusting for Ambient Compensation). Adjust Background Compensation values. (See Section 4.5 for more information on Adjusting for Background Compensation). Perform a Reference Calibration (See Section 6.5.2 for more information on Performing a REF CAL). Adjust focus. (See Section 4.9.3 for more information on Performing the Auto Focus Function). Have the camera calibrated and recertified. (See Section 8.2 for information on Maintenance). Move camera away from source.

3. Measured temperature Incorrect emissivity is suspected to be value is being used. inaccurate.

Error is being caused by incorrect Ambient Compensation value.

Error is being caused by Background Compensation factors.

Error is being caused by reflected radiation.

Camera is not focused accurately.

Calibration has not been performed recently. 4. Image exhibits noise interference High voltage source is located nearby.

Atmospheric condiTurn camera power off and delay tions are creating static measurements until conditions discharge. improve. Instrument cables are adjacent to our touching a source of electrical noise such as induction heating equipment. Turn the camera power off and either turn off the source of the noise or move camera to a less noisy location.

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Symptom 5. Image files can not be viewed using the MikroScan 7400.

Probable cause The camera is operating in RUN mode.

Corrective Action Switch the camera to Freeze mode. (See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze modes. Also See Section 4.13.4 for more information on Reviewing Saved Images). View images using a personal computer. (See Section 4.13.4 for more information on Reviewing Saved Images).

Visible light images which are associated with .BMP files can not be viewed without the linked .BMP file. Images were saved from a personal computer to a nonformatted memory card. 6. Memory card cannot be formatted with the MikroScan 7400. The camera is operating in RUN mode.

Format the card using the MikroScan 7400. (See Section 4.16.2 for more information on Formatting the Memory Card).

Switch the camera to Freeze mode. (See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze modes. Also See Section 4.16.2 for more information on Formatting the Memory Card). Switch the camera to Freeze mode. (See Section 4.1 for more information on Toggling between the Run and Freeze modes. Also See Section 4.16.4 for more information on Renumbering Memory Card files and Section 4.16.3 for more information on Deleting Files from the Memory Card). Activate the Gain Control Feature (See Section 4.10 on Working with the Gain Control Function).

7. Files can not be renumbered on, or deleted from the memory card.

The camera is operating in RUN mode.

8. The Gain Control Label on the display status bar is green.

Gain Control has been deactivated.

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9.4

Troubleshooting Error Messages


Error Message Cause Instrument is defective. Instrument is defective. Instrument is defective. Instrument is defective. The battery is connected but not charged. Corrective Action Turn off power and contact Mikron.

1. FILTER

NOTE
If error messages are displayed other than those listed, please note the exact message text and notify your local Mikron representative (or call 1-201-405-0900), or fax the Mikron Service Department at 1-201-405-0090). See Section 1.7 of this manual for information on the Procedures for Factory Repair and Return.

2. FOCUS

Turn off power and contact Mikron.

3. STABILIZE

Turn off power and contact Mikron.

4. MEMORY

Turn off power and contact Mikron.

5. BATTERY

Charge the battery or use the AC Adapter. (See Section 3.1 for more information on Charging the Batteries or Section 3.2.3 for more information on Connecting the AC Adapter).

6. NOT READY

7. DATA MISS-MATCH

8. FULL

9. I/O ERROR

10. NO VISIBLE LIGHT


DATA

The memory card is Verify that the memory card has missing or not inserted been inserted properly. (See Section properly. 3.5.1 for information on Inserting the Memory Card). The data is not Reformat the card using the compatible with the MikroScan 7400. (See Section 7200V file structure. 4.16.2 for more information on Formatting the Memory Card). There is no more space Make more space available by on the memory card. deleting unwanted files or insert a new memory card (See Section 4.16.3 for more information on deleting files). The memory card is Format the card using the not formatted MikroScan 7400. (See Section 4.16.2 for more information on Formatting the Memory Card). The image was saved Activate the visible save option without a correspond- before saving images. (See Section ing visible light image. 3.13 for more information on Working with the Visible Save Option).

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Appendix

9.5
Performance Temperature Range:

MikroScan 7400 Specifications


Range 1: -40C to 120C Range 2: 0C to 500C Range 3: 400C to 2000C (with Flame Filter) 2% or 2C of reading 29(H) x 22(V) 30 cm to infinity 1.58 mrad 30 Hz/60Hz (selectable) 0.06C @ 30C 320 x 240 UFPA VOX Microbolometer 8.0 to 14.0 m Input correction by outside temperature, humidity, and measuring distance Auto based on operator input Upper or Lower Provided 14 bit On-board On-board Several palettes available Automatic level, gain, focus Standard (Color LCD optional) NTSC/PAL, S-Video 2:1, 4:1 (with spatial filtering) Flag correction by specifying the interval time. (Manual/Auto selectable. Interval time setting available at auto) Display temperature difference between point A and B Display Max/Min temperature in an operator-defined box Keep Max/Min temperature during recording cycle Variable Bandwidth, Multi-Color for Regions available Automatic Auto and Manual 10 pt. max. with EMISS setting RS-232/C (computer control available) Provided PCMCIA 32MB GPIB, RS-232C, or LCD Remote Panel IEEE1394 (Firewire) Interface (optional) -15C to 50C (90% Relative Humidity) -20C to 70C (90% Relative Humidity) IP 54 IEC 529 Housing 95-250V AC 47-63 Hz 7.2V DC 6W 110 mins (Li-ion Battery) 3.8 x 4.3 x 6.7 4.0 lb. (without battery) IP 54 IEC 529 Housing Operator selectable image capture rate Telephoto 2.0, Wide-angle, Close Focus With full remote control capabilities Complete with belt battery pack IEEE1394 (Firewire) Interface MikroSpec R/T software

Measurement Accuracy: Field of View: Focus Range: Instantaneous FOV / Spatial Resolution: Image Update Rate: Sensitivity / NETD: Detector: Spectral Band: Atmospheric Transmission Correction: Emissivity Setting: Alarm: Image Freeze: File Format: Digital Visual Recording: Digital Voice Recording: B&W/Color Image: Auto Gain Control (AGC): Viewfinder: Video Output: Image Zoom: NUC: @T Display: Region of Interest Setting: Peak Temperature Hold: Isotherm: Temperature Span: Temperature Range Setting: Multi-Spot Temperature Measurement: Communication: Memory Card: Remote Control Operation: Operating Temperature: Storage Temperature: Enclosure / Protection: Power Supply: Power Requirements: Battery Operation: Camera Dimensions: Camera Weight: Enclosure / Protection: Onboard Real-time Memory Recording: Lenses: LCD Panel: LCD Panel 5.6 diagonal measurement: Real-time Image Capturing:

Presentation

Measurement

Interface

Environmental

Electrical

Physical Characteristics:

MikroScan 7400 Optional

Mikron reserves the right to change specifications to reflect the latest changes in technology and improvements at any time without notice. These changes will be reflected in subsequent editions of our literature when warranted. FireWire is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.

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9.6
Imager:

Visual Specifications
1/3 Color CCD 768(H) x 494(V) pixels 34.6(H) x 25.9(V) 2:1 Interlace 1.0 lux Pan focus (50cm to infinity) Provided NTSC

Pixel (Image): Field of View: Scanning System Minimum Illumination Focus: AGC: Video Output:

Additional notes: 1. When the measuring distance is more than 1 meter, the visible camera has the ability to display the full screen area of the infrared image. 2. When the measuring distance is less than 1 meter, the visible camera can not display a part of the infrared image because of the difference in the optical axis. 3. The viewing field is obstructed by the installation of the optional telephoto lens or wide angle lens, therefore the visible image can not be displayed the same as the infrared image. 4. Because the focus distance is fixed, it can not focus a measuring object within 30cm. Therefore, when the optional close-focus lens is installed, the visible image will not be displayed correctly. 5. The infrared image and visible image can not be displayed simultaneously. There is approximately a one-second time difference between the saving of a thermal image and the saving of a visible image. 6. The visible image can not be displayed if the ambient temperature becomes more than 45C during continuous operation.

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9.7
9.7.1
Distance Feet 1.8 4 6 8 10 20 25 50 75 100 125 150 Field of View Width Feet 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 10.0 13.0 26.0 37.5 52.0 65.0 76.0

Working Distances and Spot Sizes (Standard Lens)


American Standard
Field of View Height Feet 0.75 1.50 2.25 3.0 3.75 7.5 9.75 19.5 28.1 39.0 48.8 57.0 Pixel Size Width Inches 0.04 0.08 0.11 0.15 0.19 0.38 0.49 0.98 1.41 1.95 2.44 2.85
(FOV 28.9H x 21.9V) (IFOV 1.58 mrad)

Pixel Size Height Inches 0.04 0.08 0.11 0.15 0.19 0.38 0.49 0.98 1.41 1.95 2.44 2.85

9.7.2
Distance 50 cm 120 cm 180 cm 240 cm 3.3 m 6.6 m 7.5 m 15 m 23 m 30 m 38 m 45 m Field of View Width 50 cm 60 cm 90 cm 120 cm 130 cm 300 cm 3.9 m 7.8 m 11.3 m 15.6 m 17.50 m 22.8 m

Metric
Field of View Height 22.5 cm 45 cm 67.5 cm 90 cm 113 cm 225 cm 2.9 m 5.85 m 8.43 m 11.7 m 14.7 m 17.1 m

(FOV 28.9H x 21.9V) (IFOV 1.58 mrad)

Pixel Size Width 0.1 cm 0.2 cm 0.28 cm 0.38 cm 0.48 cm 0.97 cm 1.24 cm 2.49 cm 3.58 cm 4.95 cm 6.20 cm 7.24 cm

Pixel Size Height 0.1 cm 0.2 cm 0.28 cm 0.38 cm 0.48 cm 0.97 cm 1.24 cm 2.49 cm 3.58 cm 4.95 cm 6.20 cm 7.24 cm
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A
After use care 257 Alarms Working with the Event Function 194 Choosing to Display an Alarm Warning Message 198 Ambient Compensation Mode Accessing the Ambient Compensation Mode Settings 79 Deactivating the Ambient Compensation Mode 87 Setting Ambient Compensation using the Parameter Mode 81 Setting the Atmospheric Temperature Value 82 Setting the Object Distance 84 Setting the Relative Humidity Value 83 Setting Ambient Compensation using the Value Mode 85 Changing the Atmospheric Temperature Value 85 Setting the Compensation Value 86 Auto Processing Accessing the Auto Formatting Options 93 Performing the Auto Focus Function 95 Performing the Auto Level function 96 Performing the Auto Sensitivity Function 96 Performing the Full Auto Function 95 Using the Auto Processing Functions 93

B
Background Compensation Adjusting for Background Compensation 88, 240 Batteries Attaching the Battery Pack 39 Charging the Batteries 37 Boxes Adding Multiple Boxes 180 Changing the Size of Multiple Boxes 182 Changing the Size of the Box 177 Deleting All Boxes 188 Deleting Individual Boxes 186 Moving Multiple Boxes 184 Moving the Box 179 Selecting the Box Function 175 Working with the Max/Min Temperature Display 189 Setting the Max/Min Temperature OptionDefined Box 192 Button Control Panels 10
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C
Calibration Calibrating the Instrument 229 Choosing the Calibration Mode 229 Performing a ERSP CAL (External Response Calibration) 231 Performing a REF CAL (Reference Calibration) 231 Camera Construction 8, 9 Button Control Panels 10 Camera Interfaces 11 Internal construction and function 34 Camera Interfaces 11 Color Palette Options Choosing a Color Palette 51 Choosing a Color Spectrum 53 Communication Interfaces Connecting the communication cable 224 Conventions 1 Cursor Point. See Display: Working with the Multi-Point Temperature Display Options; See also Emissivity: Point Emissivity; See also Temperature: Point Temperature

D
Date and Time Options Accessing the date and time menu functions 44 Displaying the date and time 48 Setting the date 46 Setting the Date and Time Functions 44 Setting the date format 45 Setting the time 47 Default Values Returning all Settings to Default Values 232 Display Adjusting the Focus 90

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Adjusting the Sensitivity 91 Adjusting the Temperature Level 92 Default Values, Returning all Settings to 232 Displaying the date and time 48 Enabling and Disabling the Color Bar 55 Enabling and Disabling the Status Bar 57 Setting Up Display Options 44 Switching between the Color and Monochrome Display 54 Using the Memo Function 133 Working with Boxes 175 Working with Emissivity Settings 77, 237 Working with Point Emissivities 167 Working with the Color Palette Options 51 Working with the Gain Control Function 97 Working with the ISO Thermal Function 205, 207 Working with the Max/Min Temperature Display 189 Working with the Multi-Point Temperature Display Options 153

E
Emissivity Display Emissivity Establishing the Display Emissivity Setting 77, 78, 237, 239 Point Emissivity 167, 169, 171, 173 Changing Set Points Using the Cursor Mode (Option 1) 161 Changing Set Points Using the Cursor Mode (Option 2) 163 Changing Set Point Positions Using the Menu Option 159 Deleting All Set Point Positions 166 Deleting Individual Set Point Positions 164 Setting a Single Point 156 Setting Multiple Points 157 Setting the Display to Show Point Emissivity and/or Temperature Data 154 Working with Emissivity Settings 77, 237 Working with the Tube Emissivity and Background Temperature Settings 237 Adjusting for Background Temperature 240 Establishing the Tube Emissivity Setting (Option 1) 237 Establishing the Tube Emissivity Setting (Option 2) 239

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Emissivity of Various Materials 253 Event Function Accessing the Event Function Options 194 Choosing to Automatically Save Events to a Memory Card 203 Choosing to Display an Alarm Warning Message 198 Choosing to Freeze Measurements 200 Selecting a Freeze Delay Option 201 Selecting a Range Area 197 Selecting a Threshold Value 195 Working with the Event Function 194 External LCD Displays Connecting the LCD display 215 Disconnecting the LCD display 215 Setting the RS-232C Baud Rate 216 Setting the RS-232C Data Format 218

F
Filtering Selecting Spatial Filtering 64 Focus Adjusting the Focus 90 Performing the Auto Focus Function 95 Frame Rate Setting the Frame Rate 61 Freeze Mode Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes 75

G
Gain Control Selecting a Gain Control Option 97 Getting Started Attaching the Neck Strap 40 Connecting the Power Supply 42 Handling the Lens Protection Cap 40 Handling the Memory Card 41 Obtaining the First Image 42

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H
High Temperature Applications 233 Getting Started 233 Selecting the Temperature Range and Mode 234 Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting 236 Switching between Range 2 and Range 3 Jumping from Range 2 to Range 3 242 Jumping from Range 3 to Range 2 243 Using the Auto Formatting Option with L/S Link 244 Using the Manual Formatting Option with L/S Link 241 Working with the Tube Emissivity and Background Temperature Settings 237 Adjusting for Background Temperature 240 Establishing the Tube Emissivity Setting (Option 1) 237 Establishing the Tube Emissivity Setting (Option 2) 239

I
Images .BMP Format Reviewing Saved .BMP Images 122 Saving an Image in the .BMP Format 112 Saving existing .SIT images as .BMP files 120 .SIT Format Reviewing Saved .SIT Images (Option 1) 117 Reviewing Saved .SIT Images (Option 2) 118 Saving an Image in the .SIT Format 110 Reviewing Saved Images 117 Saving Images to the Memory Card 108 Automatically Save Images to a Memory Card 114 Selecting an Image Save Format 108 Visible Light Images Reviewing Saved Visible Light Images 125 Viewing a Visible Light Image (Option 1) 72 Viewing a Visible Light Image (Option 2) 73 Working with the Visible Save Option 68 Image Processing Adjusting for Ambient Compensation 79 Adjusting for Background Compensation 88, 240 Adjusting the Focus 90 Adjusting the Sensitivity 91 Adjusting the Temperature Level 92 Performing the Auto Focus Function 95 Performing the Auto Level function 96 Performing the Auto Sensitivity Function 96 Performing the Full Auto Function 95 Returning all Settings to Default Values 232

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Selecting the Temperature Range 99, 234 Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting 100, 236 Setting the Frame Rate 61 Setting the Image Mode 63 Switching between Range 1 and Range 2 101, 241 Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes 75 Using the Auto Processing Functions 93 Voice Annotations Working with Voice Annotations 66, 126 Working with Boxes 175 Working with Point Emissivities 167 Working with the Event Function 194 Working with the Gain Control Function 97 Working with the ISO Thermal Function 205, 207 Working with the Max/Min Temperature Display 189 Working with the Multi-Point Temperature Display Options 153 ISO Thermal Function Adding Multiple ISO Thermal Bands 210 Customizing the Range of a Single ISO Thermal Band 208 Customizing the Range of Multiple ISO Thermal Bands 211 Erasing all ISO Thermal Bands 214 Erasing an Individual ISO Thermal Band 213 Selecting the ISO Thermal Function 205, 207

L
L/S Link Using the Auto Formatting Option with L/S Link 104, 244 Using the Manual Formatting Option with L/S Link 101, 241 Lens Handling the Lens Protection Cap 40 Selecting a Lens Option 59 Lens Protection Cap Attaching the Lens Cap 40 Removing the Lens Cap 40

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M
Maintenance 257 Max/Min Temperature Function Accessing the Max/Min Temperature Function 189 Selecting the Max/Min Temperature OptionEntire Image 191 Setting the Max/Min Temperature OptionDefined Box 192 Working with the Max/Min Temperature Display 189 Memory Card Choosing to Automatically Save Events to a Memory Card 203 Inserting the Memory Card 41 Memory Card Error Messages 151 Correcting Memory Card Errors 151 Memory Card Files Accessing the Memory Card File Name Option Menu 105 Setting the Memory Card File Name 106 Memory Card Management Options 145 Accessing the Memory Card Option Menu 145 Deleting Files from the Memory Card 147 Deleting Selected Files from the Memory Card 148 Formatting the Memory Card 146 Renumbering Memory Card files 150 Removing the Memory Card 41 Reviewing Saved Images 117 Reviewing Saved .BMP Images 122 Reviewing Saved .SIT Images (Option 1 117 Reviewing Saved .SIT Images (Option 2) 118 Reviewing Saved Visible Light Images 125 Saving Images Choosing to Automatically Save Images to a Memory Card 114 Accessing the Run Mode Menu Option 114 Selecting the Time Interval Save Option 115 Saving an Image in the .BMP Format 112 Saving an Image in the .SIT Format 110 Saving existing .SIT images as .BMP files 120 Saving Images to the Memory Card 108 Selecting an Image Save Format 108 Using the Memory Card 105 Working with Voice Annotations 66, 126 Memos Accessing the Memo Function 134 Applying a Memo Designation using the File Selection Method 140 Applying a Single Memo Designation using the Character Input Method 135 Applying Multiple Memo Designations using the Character Input Method 138 Deleting a Memo Designation 141 Deleting all Characters at Once 144 Deleting a Single Character 141 Using the Memo Function 133 Multi Sense 205

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Working with the Multi Sense Function 205 Selecting the Multi Sense Function 205

N
Non Uniformity Correction Accessing the NUC mode menu options 225 Detector Stabilization (NUC) 225 Selecting the Auto NUC mode option 227 Selecting the Manual NUC mode option 226

O
On Board Image Processing Software 13 Main Command Menu 14 Operator Training 1

P
Power Standby Mode 76 Power Supply Attaching the Battery Pack 39 Charging the Batteries 37 Connecting the AC Adapter 39 Connecting the Power Supply 38 Precautions 2

R
Regions of Interest. See Boxes; See also Emissivity: Point Emissivity; See also ISO Thermal Function; See also Temperature: Point Temperature Repair and Return Procedures 6 Shipping from outside the United States: 6 Shipping Within the United States 6 Returning all Settings to Default Values 232 RS-232 Setting the RS-232C Baud Rate 218 Setting the RS-232C Data Format 218 Run Mode Toggling between the Run and Freeze Modes 75

S
Sensitivity Adjusting the Sensitivity 91 Performing the Auto Sensitivity Function 96

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Software. See On Board Image Processing Software Specifications 262, 263 System Overview 7 Camera Construction. See Camera Construction

T
Temperature Max/Min Temperatures Working with the Max/Min Temperature Display 189 Point Temperature Changing Set Points Using the Cursor Mode (Option 1) 161 Changing Set Points Using the Cursor Mode (Option 2) 163 Changing Set Point Positions Using the Menu Option 159 Deleting All Set Point Positions 166 Deleting Individual Set Point Positions 164 Setting a Single Point 156 Setting Multiple Points 157 Setting the Display to Show Point Emissivity and/or Temperature Data 154 Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting 236 Selecting the Temperature Unit 49 Temperature Level Adjusting the Temperature Level 92 Performing the Auto Level function 96 Temperature Ranges Selecting the Temperature Range 99, 234 Selecting the Temperature Range Mode Setting 100, 236 Switching between Range 1 and Range 2 101, 241 Switching between Range 2 and Range 3 Jumping from Range 2 to Range 3 242 Jumping from Range 3 to Range 2 243 Using the Auto Formatting Option with L/S Link 244 Using the Manual Formatting Option with L/S Link 241 Thermal Imaging Principles Background Noise 251 Blackbody Radiation 247 Blackbody Type Source and Emissivity 249 Determining Emissivity 250 Emissivity 246 Infrared Radiation 245 Practical Measurement 252 Principle of Thermal Imaging 245 Troubleshooting Error Messages 261 Troubleshooting Symptoms 258

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U
Unpacking and Inspection 5

V
Video Displays Accessing the Video Display Parameters 221 Connecting the video display cable 220 Setting the Video Display Parameters 222 Voice Adding a Voice Memo to an Existing .SIT Image 128 Adding a Voice Memo to a New Image 126 Replaying a Voice Annotation 131 Selecting a Voice Memo Recording Option 66

W
Warranty 4 Working Distances and Spot Sizes (Standard Lens) American Standard 264 Metric 264

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