# Session #3 Gears: Force Transmission &

Gear Trains

Dan Frey

Today’s Agenda • • • • Pass out second reading packet Pass out loaner laptops Introduce project teams Gears – Force Transmission – Gear Trains • Survey .

You should understand.HW 1 – Problem 1 • A 17-tooth spur pinion paired with a 50 tooth gear has a diametral pitch of 2½ teeth/in and a 20o pressure angle. we make drawings of gear teeth to obtain an understanding of the problems involved in meshing of the mating teeth. however. it is necessary that you be able to actually draw the teeth on a pair of meshing gears. Estimate the contact ratio. • “Among other things. you may choose a scale for your drawing as appropriate). Rather.” -Shigley and Mischke . that you are not doing this for manufacturing or shop purposes. Make a drawing of the gears showing one tooth on each gear (you may use a CAD program or other techniques as appropriate.

Involute Profile • How it is constructed – Demo • Properties – Conjugate action – Allows design of whole sets of compatible gears – Conjugate action not sensitive to center distance variations .

Yes 2. No.Concept Question • Are the teeth on a matching rack and pinion set the same shape? 1. never 3. It depends on _____ Courtesy of OSHA. .

the surface normal defines a pressure line • The force transmitted acts along this line • The pressure line always includes the point of tangency between the pitch circles • With the involute gear profile. Figure 13-17. the pressure line is constant Figure removed for copyright reasons.Pressure Line • Where the teeth contact. From Shigley and Mischke . Source: Shigley and Mischke.

Pressure Angle • The pressure line acts at some angle to the tangent of the pitch circles • This angle can be chosen by the designer • It affects – Separation forces – Tooth shape From Shigley and Mischke Figure removed for copyright reasons. Figure 13-17. . Source: Shigley and Mischke.

.sdpsi.htm (accessed 28 June 2006. Design and Application of Small Standardized components Data Book 757 Vol.” http://www. 1983.Gear Terminology “Line of action” & “pressure line” & “generating line” are all synonymous Source: Buchsbaum. Frank.) Courtesy of Stock Drive Products/Sterling Instrument. See “Handbook of Gears. 2. Stock Drive Products.com/D190/D190cat.

Inc. The gears are the ones circled. Courtesy of W.3 About 0.5 . Berg. M. 2. What is the ratio of the separation forces and the total force on the bearing? 1. One is driven at a set torque. << 0.3 About 0. 3.5 >> 0.Concept Question A pair of gears are mated. the other is regulated at a set speed. 4. Used with permission.

face width.Discussion Questions • Are there any disadvantage to a helical gear as compared to a spur gear? • How can the disadvantages be remedied? • Is a helical gear set stronger than a spur gear of the same diameter. & material? Image removed for Copyright reasons. pitch. .

Simple Gear Trains • A “simple” gear train has only one gear on each shaft • How does this arrangement behave? ω1 .

2003. Design of Machinery. Burr Ridge. Source: Figure 9-29 in Norton. L. IL: McGraw-Hill. R. 3rd edition. .Compound Gear Trains • A “compound” gear train has at least one shaft with multiple gears • How does this arrangement behave? Figure removed for copyright reasons.

and 5 Figure removed for copyright reasons.Discussion Question • State a relationship one would normally apply in choosing radii for gears 3. . L. R. 3rd edition. 4. 2003. Burr Ridge. IL: McGraw-Hill. Source: Figure 9-29 in Norton. Design of Machinery.

If you find just two axles in a machine.Manual Transmissions Diagram of manual transmission components removed for copyright reasons. does that mean there are just two stages? .

Discussion Questions • How many stages in this device? • How do you suppose this number is chosen? • Are the reduction ratios typically all nearly the same in all successive stages? 72 teeth 10 teeth on pinion gear 42 teeth 16 teeth 10 teeth 48 teeth 10 teeth 36 teeth .

Planetary Gear Trains • One or more of the gear axes are allowed to rotate • aka “epicyclic” • Used in – Power tools – Automatic transmissions – Gear boxes .

. Figure 13-28.Analysis of Planetary Gear Trains Figure removed for copyright reasons. Source: Shigley and Mischke.

Differentials • • • • Allows shafts to move at different speeds Applies same torque to both Slippage problem What can be done? See animations at http://auto.howstuffworks.htm .com/differential3.

Next Steps • On Thurs 16 FEB (right here) next session on gears • Finish HW#1 • On Fri 17 FEB. the first lab in the lab .