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Epsom - Bath Salts
Epsom Salts (Magnesium Sulfate Heptahydrate) is called for in many recipes for making Epsom Bath Salts, Salt Scrubs, Aromatherapy Treatments, Detox Baths and Soap Making. TheraSoak high mineral epsom salts will increase the quality of any bath salt or spa treatment recipe.
13 Wonderful Ways to Use Epsom Salts
By Annie B. Bond, author of Better Basics for the Home (Three Rivers Press, 1999). Oh, epsom salt—who knew that such an uninspiring ingredient could inspire such devotion? Read on for 13 ways to use epsom salts, including a relaxing bath, a face scrub and a hair volumizer. It's also a miracle cure, helping to get rid of splinters and reduce swelling of sprains and bruises. One ingredient fits all!
SIMPLE SOLUTION: I always knew that soaking in a tub full of hot water with a few cups of Epsom Salts
was good for relaxing muscles and drawing toxins from the body, but I could never figure out why. And it wasn't until I spent some time at the Epsom Salt Industry Council web site that I learned that epsom salts— made of the mineral magnesium sulfate—are also a sedative for the nervous system. When magnesium sulfate is absorbed through the skin, such as in a bath, it draws toxins from the body, sedates the nervous system, reduces swelling, relaxes muscles, is a natural emollient, exfoliator, and much more. Adapted from the Epsom Salt Industry Council http://www.epsomsaltcouncil.org/ Note: Check with a doctor before using if you have any health concerns. Relaxing and sedative bath: Soak in warm water and 2 cups of epsom salt. Face cleaner: To clean your face at night, mix a half-teaspoon of epsom salt with your regular cleansing cream. Just massage into skin and rinse with cold water.
remove odors and soften rough skin with a foot soak. and a half-teaspoon of epsom salt. Bond. Rinse and dry. Warm in a pan. 1/4 cup of non-fat dry milk. Hazel Parcells. For normal to dry skin. Skin exfoliator: Massage handfuls of epsom salt over your wet skin. Remove excess oil from hair: Epsom salt soaks up excess oil from hair. pour the mixture into your dry hair and let it sit for 20 minutes. and while the water cools it pulls toxins from the skin. the juice of 1 lemon. rinse with cold water. Homemade Detox Baths By Annie B. Add 1/2 cup of epsom salt to a large pan of warm water. starting with your feet and continuing up towards the face. and 1 cup epsom salt. Pour lemon juice or organic apple cider vinegar through the hair. Soak sprains and bruises: Epsom salt will reduce the swelling of sprains and bruises. according to Naturopath Dr. Add 2 cups epsom salt to a warm bath. 1 cup of lemon juice. Hair volumizer: Combine equal parts of deep conditioner and epsom salt. 1 egg. Epsom salts augment this detoxification by causing you . cover and let set for 24 hours. Soak feet for as long as it feels right. and it is easy to make your own homemade. The next day. For normal to oily skin. Apply one tablespoon of the liquid to your hair when it is dry. Care2 Green Living Executive Producer Baths are wonderfully healing. it will draw out the splinter. Splinter remover: Soak in epsom salt. mix 1 tablespoon of cognac. and then rinse. Have a bath to rinse. Add 9 tablespoons of epsom salt to 1/2 cup of oily hair shampoo. leave on for 5-10 minutes. Foot soak: Soothe aches.Homemade skin mask: Apply the mask to damp skin. detox baths. mix 1/4 cup of grated carrot. Work the warm mixture through your hair and leave on for 20 minutes. 1 1/2 teaspoons of mayonnaise and a half-teaspoon of epsom salt. Then shampoo as normal. Rinse. Remove hairspray: Combine 1 gallon of water. Combine. Hot water draws toxins out of the body to the skin's surface. and soak.
to sweat. Preparation time: 2 to 3 minutes Shelf life: Indefinite Storage: Glass jar with a screw top Caution: Do not take hot baths and salt baths (including Epsom salt baths) if you have heart trouble. How wonderful to connect with the Earth all over your skin with this sea salt scrub that is also an itch scratcher par none. and Epsom salts in a bowl. high blood pressure. 1 cup sea salts 2 cups baking soda 1 cup Epsom salts 1 to 2 tablespoons glycerin per bath Add Essential Oils for a fragrant. and Dead Sea salts. 2007). baking soda. SIMPLE SOLUTION: Basic Salt Soak Bath Formula Minerals and salts make the bath water feel silky and leave your skin cleansed and soft. Pour 1/4 cup or so into the bath while the tub is filling. or are diabetic. less for oily skin) and essential oils of choice. relaxing experience Combine the sea salts. Other salts—all highly alkaline and cleansing—used in baths include sea salt. clay. Salt of the Earth Body Scrub Adapted from Organic Body Care Recipes. Stir to blend. Add 1 to 2 tablespoons glycerin to keep your skin from drying out (more for dry skin. Using just the pure gifts of nature. by Stephanie Tourles (Storey Publishing. this ultra-invigorating blend is perfect to use in the morning as a wake-me-up as it enlivens all the senses! . baking soda.
combine the sea salt and the base oil. Soothing and relaxing. 1998). Add the essential oil drop by drop. Rinse. please use within six months. stirring with a wire whisk. or for any time you need a little healing time-out. but for maximum freshness and fragrance. baking soda. Using a whisk. In a large bowl. . Use: 1-2 times per week Follow with moisturizer if necessary Prep time: Approximately 10 minutes Blending tools: Medium-sized bowl and whisk Store in wide-mouthed plastic or glass jar Yield: Approximately 2 cups Healing Salt Crystals Adapted from "The Herbal Home Spa" by Greta Breedlove (Story Books. No refrigeration is required. geranium. and clay. but regular granular will do) ¾ cup extra-virgin olive base oil or base oil of choice 40-60 drops peppermint. mix together the borax. Spoon into a storage container with a tight-fitting lid. grapefruit. Healing Salt Crystals draw out impurities from your body and deoderize.SIMPLE SOLUTION: Recommended for all skin types except for those with acne (use with care on sensitive and environmentally damaged skin). you can at least relax in a tub with these lovely crystals. The easy-to-find ingredients for this wonderful bathing mixture help to relieve soreness and aching joints and muscles. then mix in the dried lavender. too! With many of the healing properties of a seaside spa. SIMPLE SOLUTION: INGREDIENTS 1 cup borax 2 cups Epsom salts ½ cup coarse sea salt ¼ cup baking soda ¼ cup white clay ½ cup dried lavender 10 drops lavender essential oil 1. HELPFUL HINTS: Massage approximately ¼ to ½ cup of scrub onto premoistened skin using circular motions. INGREDIENTS 2 cups sea salt (preferably finely ground. spearmint. salts. or rosemary (chemotype verbenon) essential oil In a medium-sized bowl. blending after each addition. If you can't get away to the beach. this formula is perfect for the day after a strenuous workout. stir to blend.
clove. Crystal Potpourri and Bath Teas! CAUTION: Essential Oils you should avoid in the bath include but are not limited to basil. so it's little wonder this low-profile mineral is so vital to good health and well being. Both men and women are enjoying aromatic baths in increasing numbers. Aromatherapy is both a preventative approach as well as an active treatment during acute and chronic stages of illness. Blending Bath Salts: Bath Salts: Sea salts and essential oils are a wonderfully synergistic combination. stroke. In the morning. fruit peels. however.the salts melt. needles. Making Bath Salts Making your own therapeutic bath salt is really very simple. osteoporosis. a major component of Epsom Salt. zip-seal or muslin bags. while females get only 70% of their recommended levels. Consult your physician if you have high blood pressure. digestive maladies and stress-related illnesses. The Science of Epsom Salts: Magnesium is the second-most abundant element in human cells and the fourth-most important positively charged ion in the body.2. As a holistic medicine. Dried Herbs: Many dried herbs possess the same scent and healing properties of their essential oil counterparts. flowers. Nutritionists say Americans' magnesium levels have dropped more than 50% in the past century. with the exception of Lavender and Tea Tree. arthritis and joint pain. The relaxing properties of hot water compliment the effects of well chosen salts and essential oils. To Use: Add ¼ to ½ cup healing salt crystals to a tubful of warm water. the herbs seep in the hot bath water and once the bag dries it is easy to empty out the herbs and re-use the bag. or envelopes. Also avoid any oils that can cause sensitivity to your skin. grasses. black pepper. dried herbs and colorants. Magnesium. and treat the symptoms of more severe skin conditions. The National Academy of Sciences. mixing well with the whisk. 3. from muscle control and electrical impulses to energy production and the elimination of harmful toxins. thyme. A good option is to include an organza bag with your salts to use as a tea bag . chronic fatigue and a host of other ailments. psychological. Cover the bowl with a towel and leave overnight to fix the scent. helping to account for our society's high rate of heart disease. assist with muscle and joint pains. cinnamon. nutmeg. and bay (Pimenta and Laurus). one draw back is that it can be messy in the tub. Create your own unique bath salt recipe with essential oils. thoroughly mix again and package in jars. The therapeutic benefits of sea salt baths are well known and often recommended by doctors for treating a wide range of medical conditions. also helps to regulate the activity of more than 325 enzymes and performs a vital role in orchestrating many bodily functions. should always be diluted in carrier oil before applying directly to the skin. wood and roots. Herbs are popular additions to bath salts and bath teas and look great in a finished product. Making these salts for yourself or for your business takes little time and is very rewarding! There are also recipes for making great spa products such as Salt Glows. These oils. Aromatic baths can provide relief from stress and anxiety. Scent the mixture with the oil. reports that most Americans are magnesium deficient. Bath salts are a wonderful way to implement aromatherapy benefits. . are pregnant or have other medical concerns. SaltWorks offers a wide range of high quality sea salts and free bath salt recipes. Aroma Therapy: Aromatherapy is the practice of controlled use of essential oils to maintain and promote physical. and spiritual well being. Essential Oils: Essential oils are highly concentrated plant extracts distilled from a variety of plant material including leaves. oregano. Bath Bombs. The Academy estimates the average American male gets just 80% of the magnesium required for good health.
which are depleted of nourishing minerals. Most essential oils are too strong to apply directly to the skin and should be diluted 12-30 drops to 1oz of carrier oil. As with all hot baths. Herbs can also be used to create beautiful natural colors for your salts. throw the tea bag away! SALT POTPOURRI RIO™ Sea Salt Crystals . Sodium Bicarbonate: A hot bath with equal parts of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and sea salt assists in detoxification from exposure to heavy metals and radiation. BATH TEAS 1/2 C Breton™ Coarse or Breton™ Brut Sweet Orange Essential Oil Dried Lavender Buds Dried Chamomile Flowers Large 3x5 inch tea bags (can substitute tea bags with Organza Bags or Muslin Bags) Add essential oil to salt and mix well. It thus helps combat “unfriendly” bacteria. Mix all oils together. like just after a rain shower. Citric Acid: Citric Acid is a key ingredient.Carrier Oils: moisturizing vegetable oils are commonly used as a "carrier" for essential oils. it is fine for skin contact. antiviral. Sea salts is recommended. ESSENTIAL OIL BLENDS 3/4 oz Grapefruit & 1/4 oz Eucalyptus 1/2 oz Lavender & 1/2 oz Bergamot 1/4 oz Lemon grass / 3/4 oz Lime 1/4 oz Rosemary & 3/4 oz Spearmint 3/4 oz Sweet Orange & 1/4 oz Chamomile 1/4 oz Eucalyptus. set aside. As the tea bag seeps the salts will melt and the fragrance from the essential oils and herbs will disperse. Pour oils mixture into storage jar. unprocessed apply cider vinegar. Slowly add salt and mix well. Glycerin Based or Mica Powders. Package individually in plastic to seal in the scent. SALT GLOW 1/2 C Bokek™ Dead Sea Salt . It helps restore acid mantle protection to the skin. alleviating itchiness.Fine 1/2 C EuroSpa™ Sea Salt .Fine 4oz Grapeseed Oil (1/2 cup) 2oz Avocado Oil (1/4 cup) 1 T d-alpha Tocopheral Vitamin E 20-30 drops Essentil Oil Blend Mix Salts together. poison ivy. Colorants: FD&C dyes dispersed in liquid or glycerin are popular for adding color to bath salts. and sunburn discomfort. Use 2-4 cups in a hot bath. Hydrogen peroxide baths leave the body feeling alert and revitalized. The trickiest part is the coloring of the crystals. for bath fizzies (recipe below). Apple Cider Vinegar: Apple cider vinegar baths restore a natural pH to the skin and hair. Be careful in handling this concentrated solution of hydrogen peroxide as it can "burn" or irritate the skin. Hydrogen Peroxide: Adding hydrogen peroxide to bathwater increases oxygen available to the body.Jumbo Colorant Essential Oils or Fragrance Oils Making Salt Crystal Potpourri is a simple process. To Use: Simply toss one bag into warm bath water. it causes the pores to open and aids in general systemic detoxification. Fill each tea bag with approx 4oz of mixture. use 1-2 pounds of each. The liquid based colorings will dry the best. You can also simply rinse the crystals for a "glass like" look (see Rio Salt Page). This gentle bath is antibacterial. creating an uplifting aromatic bath. The combination creates an effervescent blend that helps release the aroma of your essential oils into the air. and for soothing itchy skin. 3/4 oz Lavender & 6 dps Tea Tree 1/2 oz Geranium & 1/2 oz Grapefruit Cleansing Soothing & Relaxing Uplifting Energizing Calm & Happy Cold Relief Muscle Relief . Add dried herbs and stir to combine. as opposed to rock salt or common table salt. along with Sodium Bicarbonate. Make certain to use pure. glycerin will be a nice translucent coloring and Mica gives you opalescent options. You have 3 choices for colorings: Liquid Based. Diluted in the bathwater. which is lost from swimming and from routine use of soaps on the skin. When done. Apple cider vinegar baths are soothing to the skin. Carrier oils are also combined with sea salts to create defoliant salt scrubs. In combination. Add six ounces of food-grade hydrogen peroxide to a hot bath and soak for 20-30 minutes. fungal overgrowth. as well as rejuvenating and building up the body’s resistance. Adding a drop or two of Rosemary Essential Oil will help to preserve your scrubs. and as helpful with vaginal and bladder infections. It is also great for making fizzy bath salts. and cleansing to the emotional and energetic bodies. Jar should be glass or PET and have an airtight seal. It is also beneficial for cleansing the theauric field. Powdered Mica can create beautiful pearl essence salt. Salt Glow should be stored in cool dark place to maximize shelf life.
vary enormously based on their genetic make-up and the way they live . 40 drops of your chosen EO Blend. you would need more grapefruit in your salts than peppermint as the mint family is much stronger than the citrus. Sea Salt Cell: Some therapies call for a Sea Salt Cell or Dead Sea Salt Cell. but to good health. See basic guidelines under "Blends". This is simply a single bath portion of Sea Salts mixed with Therapeutic grade Essential Oils. Package in airtight plastic bags. The color will disperse for a more even coverage. The National Academy of Sciences recommends that Americans consume a minimum of 500 mg/day of sodium to maintain good health. Use caution DO NOT over mist! Allow to dry overnight. Oral rehydration involves replacing both water and salt. If you’re using liquid or glycerin colorants. pack into the molds. Prepare molds by sprinkling dried herbs on the bottom.the same concentration as found in United States Pharmacopeia (USP) sodium chloride irrigant commonly used to cleanse wounds. Dramatic deficiencies (e.Extra Small 1 1/4 C Citric Acid 2 1/2 C Sodium Bicarbonate (baking soda) Witch Hazel Essential Oil Blend Dried Herbs (optional) Mix all dry ingredients. A deep therapy cell will call for 2 lbs of salt mixed with approx. Once you mix in the color. Increased salt intakes have been used successfully to combat Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. such as hypertension and stomach cancer. Try varying the formulas above to create your own signature products! Scenting Sea Salts: All of the sea salts that SaltWorks™ offers are very easy to scent. Coloring Sea Salts: Be sure to use FD&C approved. Check out our online store for many types of therapeutic bath salts.9% salt (sodium chloride) -. however. or herbal. let sit in a sealed container overnight. Moisten mixture with witch hazel and essential oils using a spray bottle. then remove from molds. Salt and Good Health Salt is essential not only to life. Salt maintains the electrolyte balance inside and outside of cells. Doctors often recommend replacing water and salt lost in exercise and when working outside. BATH FIZZIES 1C Ceara™ Sea Salt . Wilderness hikers know the importance of salt tablets to combat hyperthermia. The amount of Essential Oils or Fragrance Oils you will need to use will depend on the quality of oil and the variety of oil used. Always store your scented salts in airtight glass or PET (type of plastic) containers. Individual needs. As soon as mixture holds its shape. Tired *Always use caution when working with EO's. The oils will travel easily through the salts.Add Fragrance and Color. Most of our salt comes from foods. Crystals out on Parchment to dry. Expectant mothers are advised to get enough salt. Mica’s you will have to sprinkle than mist with your fragrance. "salt starvation" in India) or "excessive" sodium intakes have been associated with other conditions and diseases. Human blood contains 0. It is recommended scenting the salts first and then coloring. For example. an easy way to color the crystals is by wearing rubber gloves and rubbing the color on the crystals.g. Testing the salinity of perspiration is a good test for cystic fibrosis. colorants for bath salts. scientists suspect that cystic fibrosis is caused by a deformed protein that prevents chloride outside cells from attracting needed moisture. some from water.
Dr. High blood pressure is treated with pharmaceuticals and with lifestyle interventions such as diet and exercise. Björn Folkow. Blood pressure is a sign. Thus. Association is not the same as causation. Salt and Cardiovascular Health For 4.000 years. all of which had demonstrated their ability to reduce blood pressure in relative safety.500 mg/day of sodium. Of the first nine “health outcomes” studies of sodium reduction. A ten-year follow-up study to the huge Scottish Heart Health Study found no improved health outcomes for those on low-salt diets. An eight-year study of a New York City hypertensive population stratified for sodium intake levels found those on lowsalt diets had more than four times as many heart attacks as those on normal-sodium diets – the exact opposite of what the “salt hypothesis” would have predicted. but the National Heart.750 mg/day which is termed the "hygienic safety range" of sodium intake by renowned Swedish hypertension expert Dr. Here’s what scientists have found: 1. While individual requirements range widely. And we know that elevated blood pressure. women less. and since cardiovascular risks are also related to blood pressure. low-sodium diets with reduced incidence of heart attacks would only be the first step. (1997) . Changes result from many variables. Most consume "excess" sodium above and beyond that required for proper bodily function. salt intake levels are related to cardiovascular risk. have other beneficial or harmful effects that modify their net effect on cardiovascular or all-cause morbidity and mortality.150.their lives. until the 1990s. Every substance. As in the drug “health outcomes” trials.000 mg/day. Jeffrey R. Some have suggested that since salt intakes are related to blood pressure.” is a welldocumented marker or “risk factor” for cardiovascular events like heart attacks and strokes. including water. The actual range is much narrower. this is not a significant concern for dietary salt. these drugs must prove they work to lower blood pressure. for example. Americans consume about 3.5. Food and Drug Administration. We should not be recommending that everyone change their diets without evidence of some overall health benefit. To be approved. The idea is that blood pressure is only a "surrogate outcome. Chloride is also essential to good health. scientists had never tested the “salt hypothesis” by documenting whether reducing dietary salt actually reduces a person’s chances of having a heart attack or a stroke. Cutler of the first six years’ data from the MRFIT database documented no health outcomes benefits of lower-sodium diets. can be toxic in certain concentrations and amounts. The results have vast public health policy implications. For years. Certain dietary and lifestyle interventions reduced blood pressure. often still poorly-understood." and we should be more concerned with clinically meaningful endpoints. The anti-hypertensive drugs are all approved by regulatory authorities such as the U. Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has supervised the study and explains its importance: "Trials are based on the notion that different antihypertensive regimes. Health Outcomes The ALLHAT study was funded by the National Heart. Reducing blood pressure can reduce the risk of a heart attack or stroke – depending on how it’s done. at least in sensitive sub-populations. Experimental studies show that most humans tolerate a wide range of sodium intakes. we have no reason to think that a causal link is possible. despite similar efficacy in lowering blood pressure. the same situation prompting the ALLHAT trial applied to lifestyle interventions designed to improve blood pressure -. (1997) 3. a “silent killer. We know that a minority of the population can lower blood pressure by restricting dietary salt.” Data are needed to confirm or reject hypotheses. Lung and Blood Institute has invested heavily in such “health outcomes” studies. This is the “salt hypothesis” or “sodium hypothesis. Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) to compare the health outcomes of four classes of anti-hypertensive drugs. men more." Lifestyle interventions are "antihypertensive regimes" too. Even documenting an association of. The kidneys efficiently process this "excess" sodium in healthy people. surely. this is now changing. we have known that salt intakes can affect blood pressure through signals to the muscles of blood vessels trying to maintain blood pressure within a proper range.” Cardiovascular events are a major cause of “premature” death and cost Americans more than $300 billion every year in increased medical costs and lost productivity. Nevertheless. Whether they also work to lower the incidence of heart attacks and strokes has not been the test to gain approval (it would take too long to develop new drugs). “hypertension. Cutler of the National Heart. An analysis by NHLBI’s Dr.S. (1995) 2. When it goes up (or down) it indicates an underlying health concern. Whether they also reduced the incidence of heart attacks and strokes had never been tested. that. The very large percentage of the population consumes 1. not a single study has found an association in the general population between low-sodium diets and reduced incidence of cardiovascular events like stroke or heart attack. most Americans have no trouble reaching their minimum requirements. from about 250 mg/day to over 30.they were untested regarding health outcomes. unless an association is established.
” The Salt Institute is confident that the higher standards of evidence-based medicine will reduce the ongoing controversy.” (1998) 6. A Finnish study reported an increase in cardiovascular events for obese men (but not women or normal-weight individuals of either gender) – the article. recent Salt Institute comments to the (British) Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. Medical experts.S. (2001) 9. The U. Medical journalists from ABC-TV’s 20/20 to America’s pre-eminent scientific journal. this is it…. the apparent benefits of avoiding salt have only diminished. public health policy-makers – and the public. A health outcomes study in Finland. trying to sort out the issues reading the consumer press – have all focused on the relationship of sodium intake to blood pressure instead of the relevant question of whether changing intake levels of dietary sodium results in improved health outcomes. you may wish to visit the Cochrane Collaboration. Science. the Canadian Coalition for High Blood Pressure Prevention and Control. published by the prestigious American Association for the Advancement of Science. . This suggests either that the true benefit has now been revealed and is indeed small or that it is non-existent and researchers believing they have detected such benefits have been deluded by the confounding of other variables. for the general population. the Health Canada Laboratory Centre for Disease Control and the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada issued a joint statement opposing general recommendations for sodium reduction. A study of Americans found that less sodium-dense diets did reduce the cardiovascular mortality of one population subset. the latest and highest-quality meta-analysis of clinical trials was published in the British Medical Journal confirming earlier meta-analyses' conclusions that significant salt reduction would lead to very small blood pressure changes in sensitive populations and no health benefits. Preventive Services Task Force has also reviewed the evidence and concluded: "There is insufficient evidence that. (2002) Controversy Continues For many years. A further analysis of the MRFIT database. for example. failed to adjust for potassium intake levels which many researchers consider a key associated variable. the intense public controversy that has characterized the public policy debate over public health nutrition recommendations on salt intake has focused on the wrong question. confirmed no improved health benefit from low-sodium diets." The debate has confused the public. it is safe to say that if ever there were a controversy over the interpretation of scientific data. The report in Science won author Gary Taubes a top prize from the National Association of Science Writers and has also been translated into French. or other antioxidants results in improved health outcomes." (1999) 7. the Health Information Research Unit (McMaster University) or the Canadian Centres for Health Evidence. and administrators around the world. An analysis of the health outcomes over twenty years from those in the massive US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) documented a 20% greater incidence of heart attacks among those on low-salt diets compared to normal-salt diets (1998) 5. this time using fourteen years’ data. the Canadian Hypertension Society. reducing dietary sodium intake or increasing dietary intake of iron. overweight men – the article reporting the findings did not explain why this obese group actually consumed less sodium than normal-weight individuals in the study. we can create better public health nutrition policy. Its author conceded that there is "no relationship observed between dietary sodium and mortality.4. (1999) 8. have investigated the source of this confusion. Oxford University (UK) Centre for Evidence-based Medicine. For more information about the importance of evidence-based health. See. however.After decades of intensive research. In September. better inform public policy and reduce consumer confusion. reported to the American Heart Association that no health benefits could be identified and concluded “…our results do not support the recommendations for entire populations to reduce dietary sodium intake to prevent coronary heart disease. There is no evidence that reducing dietary sodium improves the risk for heart attacks or strokes for the general population. In 1999. Taubes concluded: “After interviews with some 80 researchers. Using the latest science. clinicians. 2002. beta-carotene.
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