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Objectives At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to: show understanding on the rules of subject-verb agreement. apply these rules in constructing sentences. compose an essay using the correct subject-verb combination.
Rule I. A predicate (verb) agrees with its subject in person and in number. Ex. He agrees to water the plants. The girl puts on her ID upon entering the CEU campus. She sees the signs of God’s grace. They place their things on the flatform when taking a test. NOTE: Singular = S-form verb Plural = Base form verb
Rule 2. A verb should agree with the subject, not with the word/phrase that intervenes between it and the subject. The intervening words or phrases do not affect the number of the subject. Ex. His property, including the two farm houses and a beach, is sold to his brother. Miss Pegenia, as well as the other members of the faculty, was assigned a research work. Centro Escolar University, along with the other members of the Mendiola Consortium, agrees to a “NO INCREASE” in tuition fee. Intervening words as well as along with loaded with together with with including in addition to accompanied by of phrase
either. Two fifths of the area is under water. everything. no one. Singular indefinite pronouns require singular verbs. Everything in this world is for free. ex. The following indefinite pronouns are singular : another. nobody. 88 . and someone. neither. anything. Fractions and some indefinite pronouns/adjectives may either take singular or plural verb. None of the information I received was true. everyone. Three-fourths of the class have scored 80-90 in the exam.Rule 3. woman. Rule 4. one. a plural verb is used if the fraction or indefinite pronoun/adjective is a regarded as individuals or if the of-phrase is plural or collective noun. All of the transportation in Metro Manila has adopted a new coding scheme. Two-thirds of the class have computers. Singular verb is used if the fraction or indefinite pronoun is used in the sense of a unit or if the ofphrase is a mass noun. Ex. anyone. Most of the jewelry in the pawn shop has at least 18 k gold. somebody. Most of the teachers show their class records to their students. and child has a birthday. each. many a one. Either of the students has a chance to get a perfect score. some are not. On the other hand. everybody. Some of the meat is eaten raw. Every man. Ex. Some subjects are difficult. anybody.
news.. means. civics. Physics is my favorite subject. Ex. or their mother leaves her Ex. neither. summons. proceeds refreshments Rule remains headquarters riches wages valuables 6.. semantics. works. Nouns plural in form. either. mechanics. Neither they nor I am responsible for the loss of your book. mathematics. economics. If the subjects differ in number or person. but singular in meaning. 89 .. The news has shocked my family.Indefinite pronouns that may take either singular or plural verbs are the following: Rule 5.nor require a singular verb. whereabouts. Other nouns that are plural in form require a plural verb even if they are singular in meaning. require a singular verb.or. Either the children handkerchief inside the drawer.. mumps. My best friend or his parents are coming to get the card. Nouns ending in “s” but singular: physics. The proceeds of the show were distributed to the desolate individuals. the verb agrees with the nearer subject. His remains have been smoldered. Ex. politics. Singular subjects joined by or or nor. dramatics.
there stands a towering monument. Other examples The jury delivers its verdict. orchestra. Relative pronouns “who. A singular verb should follow after the expletive it. The word following the phrase one of the (as an object of the preposition of) will always be plural. flock. One of the reasons … One of the students … Rule 8. union. couple. Over the years. multitude. within a group are regarded. Ex. It has come to our attention that you frequently arrive late. group. there exist barriers between us. and that refers to persons or things. Inside the campus." A group is considered But if we're talking partying with our friends. the verb is singular or plural according to the number of the subject that follows. He is the only one in this class who listens attentively. Common collective nouns are class. He is one of the most able representatives who have ever joined this training. pair. mob. Individuals acting The family were discussing their problems. if we're talking about eggs. which refers to things. company. which” referring to plural antecedents generally require plural verbs. that. Collective nouns are singular when we think of them as groups and plural when we think of the individuals acting within the whole. family. audience 90 .Rule 7. squad. Rule 9. Who refers to persons." "A dozen are coming over tonight. we could say. fury. herd. crowd. Ex. crew. band. army. the verb in the subordinate clause is singular. Thus. personnel. team. dozen. committee. If only precedes one. The jury come in and take their seats. After the expletive there. clergy. we could say: "A dozen is probably not enough. Ex. assembly.
but can be plural if the individuals within a numerical group are acting individually. Ten meters of lace is quite short for the decoration. Ex. “Seven Dwarfs” is the name of the new restaurant downtown." which refers to an arithmetical number is singular. A number are here to see the president. “Creatures” is my favorite novel. When a noun. A number of students pass the examination. We could say: 91 . which means they. it is singular whether the word takes a singular form or not. The number of students in my record is quite big. was first used to describe the residents of Oklahoma during the 1930s. The families kept watch over their herds and flocks.” which most people regard as a disparaging word." which means many. Ex. Numerical expressions are usually singular. Rule 12. can be pluralized: Ex. The number of applicants is steadily increasing. “A number. themselves. Fifty percent of the students have enrolled already. "The number. Ex. on the other hand.Collective nouns are count nouns. Rule 10. is plural. Thirty thousand pesos is a lot of money. “Okies. Centro Escolar University has several athletic teams and classes. Rule 11. “The Three Sisters” was the best moving company in town. names the title of something.
Take note of the repetition of the determiner “the. She. Sometimes. too. but the students.The Lemon and Orange is one of the popular band ensembles in the Philippines. not the predicate. determines the number of the verb. My teacher and adviser calls us by our first names. Ex. Ex. Not the teacher. If one subject is used affirmatively and the other negatively. make the grades. is going to replace you. and plural when the subjects refer otherwise. Rule 13. the number (singular or plural) of the subject. band names and musical groups take singular or plural verbs depending on the form of their names: "The Mamas and the Papas” were one of the best groups in the 70’s. not I. fruit juice. My favorite dinner is rice with vegetables. and gulaman. Ex. a plural subject can be linked to singular predicate: 92 . A compound subject joined by “and” is singular when the subjects refer to the same person or thing. The segment I like most in the newspaper is the cartoons. The secretary and the treasurer are important positions. "River Maya” is my favorite band. Rule 14. When a singular subject is linked to a plural predicate.” Rule 15. the verb agrees with the subject used affirmatively. Generally.
quia. Games and quizzes: Rags to Riches : http://www.quia.com/rr/121248.html Challenge Board: http://www.html Quiz: http://www.com/cb/127440.html 93 . Although some subjects are clearly singular or plural. Summary While the subject and verb are bound with rules.com/quiz/651512.Mistakes in subject-verb agreement are the only problem here.quia. some depend on the thought or meaning. they also have exemptions.