Lord Krishna instructs Uddhava.

The Supreme Lord replied, “My dear Uddhava, all that you have said is quite correct. In response to the prayers of Brahma, I descended into this world. Now, because My mission is complete, he wishes for Me to return to My residence in Vaikuntha. Because of the brahmanas’ curse, the Yadu dynasty will surely perish, while fighting among themselves, and on the seventh day from today, the ocean will rise up and submerge Dvaraka.” “My dear sinless Uddhava, when I abandon this earth, it will become bereft of all piety, and so, you should not remain here. Give up all attachment to your friends and relatives and just fix your mind upon Me. While traversing this world, you should understand that whatever you perceive is a temporary manifestation only. While remaining unbewildered by the various forms of maya, you should consider the internal relationship of everything with the Absolute Truth. In other words, you must constantly try to see how I am situated in all things, and how everything is situated in Me.” Uddhava offered his obeisances to Lord Krishna and said, “You have so kindly described the futility of trying to enjoy the temporary manifestations of maya. But, for those who are attached to bodily sense gratification, the renunciation of such desires is very difficult.” “My dear Lord, because I am fully merged in the bodily conception of life, please instruct Your poor servant, so that I can easily carry out Your instructions. Being very weary of material life and tormented by its distresses, I surrender unto You, Who are the true friend of all living entities.” Lord Krishna then said, “An intelligent person who expertly analyzes the actual situation of material existence can act as his own instructing spiritual master. By applying sound logic to his astute perceptions, he can elevate himself to a position beyond the inauspicious life of gross sense gratification.” “My dear Uddhava, even though I cannot be perceived by the material senses, I can still be approached by the wise use of one’s perceptions and intelligence. In this regard, I shall describe to you an ancient history regarding the meeting of the great King Yadu with an avadhuta.” Maharaja Yadu once spotted a young, brahmana avadhuta, who was wandering about freely, of his own accord. Being himself a very learned person, the King approached the avadhuta and inquired, “O brahmana, although you do not appear to be engaged in any particular spiritual discipline, I can understand that you have somehow or other acquired great wisdom. Please disclose to me how it is that you have come to such a mature understanding.” “Why do you wander about like this, acting just like an innocent child? Mostly, people are engaged in working very hard, in the hopes of achieving success in some material or religious field, with the aim of enjoying wealth or fame.

But, even though you are quite handsome, eloquent, expert and learned, you are doing nothing and seem to desire nothing. Indeed, you appear like some kind of stupefied, ghostly creature! While everyone in this world is burning within the great fire of lust and greed, you are like an elephant that had escaped from the fire by standing within the water of the Ganga. O brahmana, you wander about alone, avoiding all kinds of material enjoyment. Please tell me what causes you to feel such great ecstasy within yourself.” The brahmana avadhuta replied, “O King, I took shelter of twenty-four gurus, and after gaining great wisdom from them, I now wander about in a liberated conditioned.” The avadhuta proceeded to describe his twenty-four spiritual masters in this way: 1) The earth. The earth teaches us tolerance, for in spite of being exploited in so many ways, it continues to provide all the necessities of life. The mountains and trees on the earth’s surface appear to make service unto others the sole reason for their existence. A sober person, even when greatly harassed, should not become distracted from his chosen path. He should understand that the aggressors are acting helplessly, according to their past karma. 2) The air. The air teaches us how to live in this world without attachment, and thus avoid material entanglement. The wind blows over a fragrant garden, and then it blows over a pile of decomposing garbage. A breeze sometimes carries droplets of water that refresh those who are suffering from excessive heat. Then again, the breeze fuels a great fire that destroys an entire forest. Yet, the wind always remains unchanged and unaffected by the objects that it contacts. In the same way, a devotee’s mind should remain fixed upon Lord Krishna, and should not become disturbed by the auspicious and inauspicious situations that one inevitably contacts. A devotee knows very well that he is not the material body, and that he should not be disturbed by the dualities of material existence. 3) The sky. The sky teaches us that the soul always remains untouched and unaffected by matter, even while living in this material world. There are so many atmospheric disturbances, such as violent storms and tornadoes, but the unlimited sky is far beyond all this and unaffected. Similarly, all things are situated within the Supreme Lord, but He is unaffected by the workings of His various energies, and is always transcendental. 4) Water. A saintly person is just like water, pure and gentle. A flowing stream makes a pleasing sound. Rivers, lakes and oceans are all very pleasing to see. Similarly, a pure devotee is most pleasing to see, his talks are very attractive, and his association is purifying.

5) Fire. A saintly person can be compared to fire. Even if he happens to eat contaminated food, a saintly person is not sinfully affected, just as fire does not become impure, even while burning filthy things. Fire can act very powerfully, and thus, it should be handled very carefully. A saintly person has also become very powerful, as a result of the austerities that he has performed, and thus, he should also be treated very respectfully. Fire is sometimes manifest, and sometimes it remains concealed. A pure devotee generally conceals his exalted position from ordinary society, but sometimes he acts as a spiritual master, just for the welfare of others. 6) The moon. The moon appears to wax and wane, but in reality, it remains as it is- unchanging. In the same way, the soul is unaffected by the six transformations of the material body. 7) The sun. The sun evaporates water from the surface of the earth and then, later on, returns it in the form of rain. Similarly, a devotee takes many things from the Lord’s material nature, and then returns them as offerings in devotional service. The sun is reflected on numerous shiny surfaces, and to the foolish observer, it may appear to have become divided into many. Factually, the sun is one, and similarly, the Absolute Truth is undivided, although expanding in various ways. 8) The pigeon. There was once a pigeon that lived in the forest along with his wife. They had built a nest within a tree and had lived there for several years, and had become very devoted to each other. Both husband and wife were attracted by each other’s bodily features, affectionate glances and moods, and thus their hearts had become bound together. They foolishly trusted that their loving relationship would continue, and they were so attached to one another that they did everything together. Whenever she wanted something, the female pigeon would smilingly beg for it, and her husband would then satisfy her, even if it entailed great personal endeavor. Because the male pigeon had never learned to control his senses, the female pigeon captured his heart and engaged him as her faithful servant. Then, in due course of time, the wife delivered her eggs in their nest. Baby pigeons were then born, having tender limbs and feathers. Such is the material situation created by the inconceivable potency of the Supreme Lord. The pigeon parents came to love their children very much, taking great pleasure in their delicate bodies, their awkward chirping, and their clumsy attempts at flying. In this way, the foolish birds’ hearts became fully bound to each other, being completely bewildered by Vishnu-maya, the external energy of the Supreme Lord. One day, the pigeon and his wife went wandering in the forest, being very anxious to nicely feed their children. At this time, a hunter came to where the baby birds were playing near their nest. After spreading his net, the hunter very easily captured all of the baby pigeons in a short time. When she heard her children crying out for help, the female pigeon rushed home in great anguish. Being bound by material affection, she rushed toward her children, forgetful of her own self. As a result, the hunter easily captured her as well.

Following close behind, when the male pigeon saw how his wife and children, who were as dear to him as life itself, were bound in the net, he lamented very wretchedly. The male pigeon said, “O, my life is finished! What a great fool I was that I never seriously executed pious activities. Now, my whole family- which is the basis of my religiosity, economic development and sense enjoyment- faces destruction! I feel so much pain, being separated from my wife and children! Why should I continue to live?” Being stunned with grief, the male pigeon was also very easily captured by the cruel hunter, who then returned home, feeling very satisfied. From the pigeon, one should learn that when a person becomes too attached to his family, seeking satisfaction in sexual pleasure, he is doomed to suffer greatly. The human form of life gives one the opportunity for ultimate liberation. But if, like the foolish pigeon, one simply dedicates himself to family life, then he is just like someone who climbs to a very high place, simply to stumble and fall. 9) The Python. The python lies down, and while remaining inactive, it accepts whatever food comes of its own accord. Just as distress comes of its own accord, happiness is also predestined. For this reason, a saintly person should not work much for bodily maintenance. Indeed, one who endeavors for self-realization should remain patient and peaceful, even if no food is easily available, and he should be prepared to fast for many days. 10) The ocean. During the rainy season, many rivers rush into the ocean, and in the summer, most of these rivers become dry. The ocean remains unchanged, however, and a devotee should be like this. Sometimes, he may prosper and sometimes, he may find himself to be destitute, but a devotee remains undisturbed and fixed in his Krishna consciousness. 11) The moth. Being attracted by fire, the moth rushes to its destruction. The illusory form of a woman is like fire. A person who has not intelligently learned to control his senses, will feel attraction while seeing a well-dressed woman, who moves sensuously and smiles sweetly, and while hearing her enticing speech. Being eager for sense enjoyment, he loses his good intelligence as his mind becomes captivated, and so he falls down deeper into the darkness of material existence. A woman attracts a man through all five senses, and thus she leads him to his destruction. Similarly, a moth is attracted to the form of fire, a bee is attracted by the smell of a flower, a fish is hooked because of it’s attraction for the bait, an elephant is caught when it comes to touch a captive she-elephant, and a deer is attracted by a hunter’s sweet music. 12) The honeybee. As a honeybee collects a little nectar from many flowers, a saintly person should go door to door, accepting only a little food from each household, just enough to keep body and soul together. Just as a honeybee takes only the nectar from flowers, a person should just take the essence from the revealed scriptures, Krishna consciousness.

or even a wooden doll in the shape of a girl. midnight arrived. Desiring to touch the she-elephant that the hunter has displayed before him. she could not sleep. and then again. and the rest I will save for tomorrow. On the other hand. I’m sure that he would enjoy my company very much.” Instead. The bees work so hard to produce honey that is then taken away by someone who will enjoy it or else sell it. a fish is caught on the fisherman’s hook. he should use his hands as his plate. there lived a prostitute named Pingala. song and dance. Again and again. Prostitution was her only means of livelihood. and then is easily killed. and his only stock of food should be that which easily fills his belly. the male elephant falls into a pit and is captured. a wise man should not be greedy to accumulate more and more. . 14) The honey thief. and without getting any customer. and so she anxiously thought. 15) The deer. Taking a lesson from this. hoping to attract a lover.” And yet. One night. Considering this. Just as hunters take all of the honey that is produced by the bees. she stood outside her house. a saintly person should not imitate the honeybees in the hive that eagerly make more and more honey just to be stored. a saintly person should never touch a young girl. a saintly person should avoid all mundane music. The deer becomes captivated by the hunter’s sweet music. Pingala became more and more disappointed until. she nervously started walking toward the street. no one approached Pingala. because it may cause him to fall prey to sense enjoyment. Taking a lesson from this. “This food I will eat now. brahmacharis and sannyasis are entitled to utilize the property that has been accumulated by householders. A sadhu should never think.” Many men came and went as Pingala stood in her doorway. turned around to go back inside her house. and eat only as much as fits in them. she thought as follows: “This man has money and can easily pay the price. Pingala’s face betrayed her sadness. 17) Pingala. because she was very anxious to get money. Taking note of this. Indeed. Lured by tasty bait. 13) The elephant. carrying around heavy loads of useless knowledge.One should not become an intellectual donkey. at last. His only food container should be his stomach. as she studied all the men that were passing by. but he’s not stopping. 16) The fish. someone else will stop and pay me a lot of money for my love. Long ago. In this way. as happened to the rishi. she somehow began to feel detachment from her situation. Anyway. Rishyashringa. At night. and due to moroseness. “This man looks very rich. in the city of Videha. a saintly person should carefully consider the danger involved in trying to gratify the tongue.

Pingala gave up her anxieties and then peacefully slept in her bed. . and by thus purchasing the Lord. I was hoping for sexual pleasure from even the most useless of men. Feeling disgusted with her life. This was the Lord’s special mercy upon me and now I shall take shelter of Him. Who.but what to speak of them. Saintly persons are similarly disinterested in such material considerations because they are engaged on the spiritual platform. I shall now pay the price of complete surrender. the weak kurara bird gave up the meat and in this way. Now I can appreciate that my suffering was actually the cause of my good fortune. Being famished. I will enjoy with Him just like Lakshmi. I had completely neglected Him.” “The Supreme Lord is the most dear person because He is the Supreme Soul.” “This body is like my house and the bones are like its wooden beams and pillars. Considering this example. happiness arose within Pingala’s heart. The great suffering that I had endured caused me to become indifferent to this world. 19) The child. became relieved of his distress. Who else but the Supreme Lord can deliver one from the dark well of material existence. hoping to get love and pleasure from it. Instead. the Supreme Lord of the universe! Although He is within my heart. and the nine doors excrete foul substances.Along with that detachment. because it ultimately leads to misery. while selling my body to lusty. even the demigods in heaven have a beginning and an end. could be so foolish? I dedicated myself to this body. I tortured my own soul. Lord Vishnu must have been pleased with me for something that I had done in the past. How foolish I was! I gave up the service of that person Who is most dear. Men can provide some gratification for women. etc. Therefore. 18) The kurara bird. when they saw a weaker kurara bird. Children. where everyone is within the jaws of the serpent of time?” Having made up her mind in this way. having some meat. to enjoy this material world. how bewildered I had become! Because I had failed to control my mind. for so long. Seeing the great danger that had befallen him. family and social responsibilities. have no anxiety in regard to reputation.” “Although I was stubbornly hoping. she sang the following song: “Oh. and in that mood. they attacked it. but instead brought me only misery. It is full of stool and urine. Pingala gave up all hopes for material happiness. besides me. detachment has now arisen in my heart.who are themselves objects of pity. greedy men. I foolishly rendered service to insignificant men that could never satisfy my real desires. one should give up all possessiveness and attachment. There was once a flock of kurara birds (hawks) that could not find any prey. and those who have a childish mentality.

as she continued to work. At least. The girl received them respectfully and then went into the kitchen. As she began to husk the rice. if one is a devotee. it is best for one to live alone. learning the true nature of this world. the Supreme Lord manifests the cosmos by expanding His potency from within Himself. She therefore broke some of the bangles so that only two remained on each arm. In a similar way. in a neutral condition of equilibrium. Thus. and I had personally witnessed the lesson taught by this young girl. is conserved within the Lord after annihilation. for the purpose of better serving the Supreme Lord. Even when just two persons live together. Rather. In this way. which is composed of three modes. He creates this universe without any assistance. hoping to gain the young girl’s hand in marriage. The Supreme Lord is One without a second. then his mind becomes truly controlled and detached from material dualities. When one has fixed his mind upon the Supreme Lord. Still. So. One day. the mahat-tattva is created. 21) The arrow maker. As the same time. “O King. Once. and thereafter. the variegated universe. I travel about constantly. and then withdraws it within Himself. maintains it for some time. The spider manifests thread from its mouth He then builds his web with it. which then agitates His material energy (Maya). Some men then arrived at the house. The serpent does not build its own house. they would consider her family to be poor. 23) The spider. and thus it is non-different from Him. a young girl of marriageable age was alone at home because her family had gone out for the day. as he was absorbed in the task of making a straight arrow. The Supreme Personality of Godhead displays His form of Time (Kala) at the time of creation. The subtle pradhana. and at last. . the girl’s conch shell bangles made a lot of noise. he withdraws it. the bangles collided with one another and continued to make some noise. The girl then took one more bangle from each arm. This alarmed the young girl. When many people live together they will certainly quarrel. it uses a dwelling that was constructed with great labor by some other creature. The brahmana avadhuta then said. which is the basis of all creation. he did not even notice that the king had passed nearby. so that only one remained. they need not renounce the things that the materialists had worked so hard to accumulate. for she thought that if the guest’s heard her engaging in such menial work. 22) The serpent. the conditioned souls undergo material existence. devotees should utilize all of the materialists’ wonderful achievements. just to avoid such disturbances. he should avoid the association of non-devotees. Considering this example. The universe thus rests within the mahat-tattva.20) The young girl. saintly persons should not endeavor for achieving personal material enjoyment. they will talk frivolously and sometimes disagree. she was able to continue her work silently. for He is the reservoir of all potencies. Rather. and by its potency. There was once an arrow maker.

he will certainly attain that very form in his next life. that insect achieved a wasp body in his next life.” “My dear Uddhava. A large wasp once captured a weaker insect and held it captive within his hive. became free from all material attachment. King Yadu. Similarly the human body manifests the seed of the next body before dying. being My bona-fide representative. the avadhuta accepted obeisances and worship from King Yadu and then departed. if one fixes his mind in complete concentration upon a particular form. because it must always come to a painful end. “ “A tree produces the seeds of future trees before dying. the student . who is asleep to his spiritual identity. one should execute devotional service unto Me. “ After hearing from the avadhuta brahmana. “O King. after death. hate or fear. please listen to what I have learned from my own body. Now. Being overwhelmed by fear. Lord Krishna said. also sees many objects of gratification that are creations of the Lord’s illusory energy.” The avadhuta brahmana then concluded. renounced. whatever pleasurable objects we see are actually useless. the human body has great value as well. while at the same time performing his duties within the varnashrama system. The material body is also a spiritual master. the insect constantly meditated upon his captor.” After saying this. Thus. and thus I move about in this world in a mood of detachment. all of these spiritual masters have given me great wisdom. I remain enlightened. Our ancestor. and who. is non-different from Me. in the form of one’s accumulated karma. But. Of course. I never forget that this body will ultimately be consumed by others or burnt in the fire. As a disciple. and without false ego. These also have no permanent existence. From this we can understand that whether out of love. Still. because with it one can acquire spiritual knowledge. one should serve the spiritual master without false prestige. one should accept only the bare necessities for the maintenance of the body.” “One should approach a spiritual master who knows Me. With a feeling of loving friendship toward his guru. “Having learned from these many instructing gurus. This avadhuta brahmana may actually have been Lord Dattatreya because in the second canto of Shrimad-Bhagavatam it is said that He had instructed many Yadus. The senses of the body constantly pull one in different directions because they all desire gratification.24) The wasp. and one who meditates upon them engages his intelligence uselessly. and this should be done without attachment. as I wander over the earth. The brahmana avadhuta then said. so that his consciousness became wasp-like.” “A devotee must always keep in mind the fact that conditioned life is just like a dream. never considering himself to be the doer of activities. as his mind remained fixed on the spiritual platform. In a dream. A conditioned soul.

the conditioned souls are just like condemned persons who are being led to their execution. wealth. how can he expect to achieve personal happiness from his work? “In this world. so the seer within is different from the material body that it illuminates with consciousness. against his will. for such a mistake will greatly prolong your miserable material existence. up to the level of Brahma. however. either due to bad association or having failed to control his senses.” “From heaven down to hell. and always eager to exploit the bodies of women. he can go to the heavenly planets and enjoy life there just like the demigods. a devotee should remain detached from wife. All activities are performed by the material senses.” . by slaughtering innocent animals. he does not consider that he is exhausting the fruits of his past pious activities and will soon fall back down to earth. he can travel at will in a glowing airplane. Being dressed very nicely. This proves that fruitive workers are not really in control of their destiny. By always keeping his real self-interest in mind. he will certainly become filled with material desires.” “There are also many philosophers who say that the natural position of the living entity is to engage in fruitive activity. Factually. which is the result of all the pious acts that he had performed in his last life. Suppose that someone knew very well how to achieve happiness and avoid distress. everyone.” “If a person engages in sinful activities. the living entity has some minute independence or responsibility. It is false egotism to think of oneself as the actual doer. Even if this idea appeals to you.still. while the living being simply reaps the good and bad results of such work. In Svarga. And. whereas complete fools sometimes appear quite satisfied.should always desire advancement.” “Just as a flame is different from the wick that it burns to give illumination. etc. he enjoys life in the celestial gardens. it is often seen that very intelligent persons are unhappy. and thus should never allow himself to become deviated. But. without error. Being so comfortably situated. while being praised by the songs of the Gandharvas. however. aggressive. for he can choose how he associates with nature’s modes. most are quite unhappy. Such an understanding is also taught by various classes of impersonal and atheistic philosophers. He will become greedy. What happiness could such condemned persons derive from material objects or the gratification of their senses? In other words. never fall under the sway of such bogus teachers. home.” “My dear Uddhava. If someone is under the control of another. is afraid of Me in My form of Time. It is the three modes of material nature that initiate actions. he fully paves his way to hell. children. the fact that death is inevitable should encourage one to become determined in spiritual life.” “If a person performs Vedic sacrifices correctly and painstakingly. miserly. and the living entity is merely the witness. please consider the following. Those who act fruitively are hoping for continual happiness. it is practically seen that such fruitive workers are very rarely satisfied. Still. and indeed. he would have to face death. and surrounded by heavenly goddesses.

and thus it has no essential reality. His current activities are directed under the influence of these modes and thus he experiences happiness and distress. or else feels that he is situated in the body. But. an unchaste wife. useless children. or wealth that is not properly utilized. proper or improper. back to Godhead. he no longer identifies with the body. You are the best of those who are expert in answering philosophical questions. who is of superior potency. Actually. without trying to personally enjoy the results of your work. Knowledge and ignorance. which respectively award liberation and bondage to the jivas. a body that is completely dependent on others. that man is certainly most miserable who maintains a cow that gives no milk. a liberated soul does not at all believe himself to be the performer of bodily activities. he no longer feels in exactly the same way. two birds had come to nest together in the same tree. are both products of maya. a liberated soul is not affected by that which is so-called good or bad. the soul is never really bound or liberated from bondage. but while one bird is busy eating the fruit of this tree. Therefore. Indeed. Material existence is just like a dream that is created by My inferior nature. I shall give you the example of two birds. if one always engages in devotional service. then he will quickly make spiritual advancement and go back home.Uddhava then said. that he is even situated in the body. Thus. How can the conditioned soul possibly become free from such terrible bondage? If the soul is really transcendental and non-material. the eating bird is the conditioned soul. and he no longer suffers or enjoys the reactions of work. To illustrate this. “My dear Uddhava.” . nor elated when worshiped. Similarly. does not taste the fruit. who are part and parcel of Me. he accepts the body as himself.” “Sometimes. and of a similar nature. the living entities are sometimes described as conditioned and sometimes described as liberated. “My Lord. one who laboriously studies the Vedas without fixing his mind upon Me is most unfortunate.” “My dear Lord. These two birds are friends. Being endowed with equal vision. then how could he ever become bound by the external energy? The living entities are sometimes described as eternally conditioned and sometimes as eternally liberated. though. he does not praise or criticize anyone. is understood to be actually liberated. In the association of pure devotees. a conditioned soul is situated within a material body and surrounded by the three modes of material nature.” “Somehow. Uddhava.” The Supreme Personality of Godhead said. one’s body is attacked by animals or cruel persons. At other times. for no apparent reason. so please explain all of this to me. then perform all of your activities as an offering to Me.” “My dear Uddhava.” “When the soul is conditioned. when the soul is enlightened. one may be offered a great deal of respect. The tree represents the material body. if you cannot free your mind of all disturbances and absorb it completely in Me. the other. and the bird who does not eat the fruit is the omniscient Supreme Lord. A person who neither becomes angry when attacked.

one can destroy his attachment for all kinds of sense objects. A devotee should never advertise his devotional activities. well-wisher and friend. even though they had not performed great austerities. and he should offer Me whatever he may acquire. My association. A devotee should observe all the festivals. “A devotee who is merciful to all and never injures others. that are used for My service. the performance of severe austerities. because you are My servant. Whatever is most cherished. This process alone brings Me under the control of My devotee. what kind of person do you consider to be a true devotee? And. what kind of devotional service is appreciated by great devotees as worthy of being offered to You?” “My Lord. by intimately associating with Me. You are the Supreme Brahman.who is forgiving and free from envywhose behavior is always pleasing and never harsh. etc. He should serve both My Deity form and My pure devotees. The devotee should consider himself to be My eternal servant. I shall now tell you the most confidential knowledge.Uddhava inquired.who is free from possessivenessand who dedicates his activities for the welfare of others is considered by Me to be the most learned of men. They considered Me to be their most charming lover. should be offered to Me. He should always try to hear and chant about My transcendental qualities and activities with love and faith. being controlled by Your devotees’ love. transcendental to material nature.” “Advanced yogis are able to merge their minds in a trance of self-realization so that they are no longer aware of material names or forms. And yet.who is tolerant even of an aggressor. and yet. many ignorant persons were able to achieve My Supreme Abode by such contact. In the same way.” “My dear Uddhava. as well as religious vows such as Ekadashi.who is expert in reviving the Krishna consciousness of others. and so what to speak of anything else. the gopis of Vrindavana were so attached to Me that they could not even think of their own bodies. as well as the gardens.” “A devotee should work for the construction and maintenance of My temples. You accept many forms by incarnating according to their desires.” The Supreme Lord said. for such an offering qualifies one for eternal life.” . or any amount of pious acts.who is free from the desire for prestige and honor. By associating with pure devotees. the acceptance of sannyasa. but if he worships Me with pure love. so that his service may not become the cause of false pride. “My dear Lord. then I consider him to be the best.” “My dear Uddhava. one can give up false pride and prestige by engaging himself in My devotional service. Such a devotee renounces all ordinary religious duties so that he can completely take shelter of My lotus feet. without even knowing My actual position. One should never offer Me anything that has been offered to or used by others. the gopis were able to attain Me. such as Janmastami.not the performance of ashtangayoga.who accepts Me as the only shelter. A devotee may or may not understand Me properly. or the association of My pure devotees is so valuable that previously.

are connected to one’s material intelligence. touch. he must carefully cultivate a life-style in the mode of .” “Great acharyas have always praised association with the mode of goodness. “My dear Lord. it has eleven branches [the ten knowledge-acquiring and working senses and the mind]. A tree first blossoms and then produces fruit. By the continuous chanting and hearing of the transcendental vibration. For this reason. bile and mucus]. one should give up that ax [analytic knowledge of this material world]. hundreds of roots [the living entities’ innumerable desires]. I gradually become manifest. and a nest made by two birds [the individual soul and the Supreme Soul]. and five upper trunks [the five gross material elements]. produces the fruit of happiness and distress. all of My instructions were not meant for you. but a doubt remains within my heart and I am confused. the simple cultivation of goodness proves to be ultimately useless. This tree has two seeds [sinful and pious activities]. by its actions. form. gives two kinds of fruit [happiness and distress]. while strongly criticizing association with the mode of ignorance and showing indifference to the mode of passion. while speaking to you.” “The material body can be compared to a tree. I have carefully heard all that You have said. I can be perceived in My subtle form because it is I that control the mind. just as the body. The tree is covered by three kinds of bark [air. and the swanlike sannyasis eat the other. can be quickly vanquished. As the wheel of time continues to turn. nature’s modes compete for supremacy. three lower trunks [the three modes of nature]. I also assume a gross form as the sound of the Vedas.” “I am situated within everyone’s heart. while maintaining a lifestyle in the mode of goodness. one must cut off all attachment to this material world. With the sharpened ax of this knowledge. and for this reason.sound. passion and ignorance.goodness. I was actually instructing everyone. It is only useful if one takes advantage of the cultivation of goodness to step onto the transcendental platform of purified goodness. If one devotes himself to the practice of Krishna consciousness.Shri Uddhava said. then the influence of passion and ignorance and their resultant irreligion. “Uddhava. Then. It produces five flowers [the five sense objects.” The Supreme Lord said.” “With the help of a bona-fide spiritual master. because it sustains the conditioned soul’s material existence. one can understand that the entire cosmic manifestation is an expansion of the Supreme Lord’s illusory potency. You have explained so many disciplines that I cannot understand exactly what I should do. Those who are lusty after material enjoyment eat one kind of fruit. and not to the soul itself. taste and aroma]. and extends up to the sun. after becoming fully engaged in the Lord’s devotional service.” “The three modes of material nature. Until one is firmly situated in realized knowledge of the spirit soul. at last.

How can a person who desires liberation nullify this natural relationship between the mind and the sense objects?” Lord Brahma thought about this very seriously. But. by properly utilizing the body and mind to cultivate enlightenment. and that all souls are one. In response. Who are You?” Shri Hansa replied. and then the idea that God is so far beyond the material creation and aloof from it. it becomes absorbed in materialistic plan making.goodness.” Shri Uddhava said. does realize that material life simply results in misery. the mental sons of Brahma. headed by Sanaka. The actual yoga system is taught by My devotees. association with others. they asked. In this regard. All of the assembled rishis placed Brahma at the front and approached Hansa-avatara to worship His lotus feet. having been affected by the activities of creation. and purificatory rituals. One who is actually intelligent should drag his mind away from thoughts of sense gratification and engage it in meditation upon Me. “O Lord. the friction of bamboo causes a fire that destroys the cause of the bamboo (the bamboo forest). Next. and in what form? Please tell me about this. “My dear Keshava. the Lord is asking. chanting of mantras. then what would be the use of My instructions?” In this way. one must carefully use discrimination with respect to the following ten items. time. Even though Lord Hansa appeared to be finding fault with the sages’ question. birth. “O brahmanas. if you think that I am a jiva like yourselves. ‘Who are You?’ He was . what would be the use of such an inquiry?” In other words. Brahma fixed his mind upon the Supreme Lord. people generally understand that material life will bring them future unhappiness. “My dear Lord Krishna.” Sometimes. by the practice of yoga. he once again comes under the sway of passion. Lord Hansa first of all refuted the impersonal conception of the Absolute. at more sober moments. people’s minds are naturally attracted to the material sense objects. Then. Similarly. but when it is polluted by passion. He refuted the conception that the living entity is the material body. The mind is created by the mode of goodness. water. How is it that even a person in knowledge may act just like a dog or an ass?” The Supreme Lord said.” To reply. the Lord appeared before Brahma in His form as Hansa.” Shri Uddhava inquired. “My Lord. that it is useless to try and understand Him. Lord Krishna described the history of Sanaka Rishi in the following way. the influence of the modes of nature (which are the causes of the body and mind) can be eliminated. and yet they still try very hard to enjoy it. “If I am not superior to you. headed by Sanaka-kumara. inquired from their father. then how would it be possible for your question to even be asked? Or. however. and the sense objects enter into the mind as desires.religious books. activities. Once. because he identifies with the material body and mind. when did You teach this yoga system to Sanaka-kumara. meditation. he could not understand how to answer perfectly. “A so-called intelligent person. but because his intelligence was not pure. Wanting very much to understand the truth of the matter. place.

even though he may seem to be a liberated soul.” Uddhava said. when all of their doubts had been removed. the mind and sense objects can never really be separated. and the attempt to do so is artificial. Are all of these paths equally important. similarly. “First of all. sleeping and deep sleep are the tree states of material existence that are experienced by the living entities. It is the natural function of the mind and the sense objects to mutually interact. The spirit soul is not at all material.” “My dear brahmanas. he automatically gives up his bondage to the material mind and sense objects. which can comprehend one’s true spiritual identity and then reject all false material conceptions. it must be understood that both the mind and the sense objects are merely designations that cover the pure soul. and so it must always be engaged in the devotional service of the Supreme Lord.” “Waking. when the living entity ceases to identify with the material body. Still. he comes under the control of the three modes of material nature. a devotee who is fully absorbed in Krishna consciousness and is actually self-realized does not even notice if his body is sitting or standing. “My dear Uddhava. On the other hand. In other words. Then. “My dear Lord. Lord Hansa finally answered the rishis’ question. Lord Vishnu. Please understand that I am the Personality of Godhead. if one continues to see many different goals in life. above the mind is the intelligence. they should be completely given up. and when the living being is situated in Me. and that I have appeared before you to explain your actual religious duties” In this way. and he will be irresistibly attracted to all kinds of sense gratification. knowing well that everything exists within Me. he is actually conditioned. and the enjoyer as well. But. or is one of them supreme?” . worshiped Me with devotion. who is My eternal part and parcel. headed by Sanaka. The Lord then said.actually preparing the ground for a more advanced understanding. by constitution. By constantly keeping in mind the illusory nature of material existence. I departed for My Own abode. according to his previous karma. Conversely.” “One should fix his mind upon Me alone. the body will continue to exist for as long as it is destined. I am the fourth stage of consciousness. “Who are You?” Lord Krishna then said. he becomes free from the modes’ influence. He simply knows that. but by identification with the material body. one can avoid falling again into delusion. then. Just as a drunkard may not understand the condition of his clothing. the sages. It must be clearly understood that the Supreme Lord is the actual enjoyer. I have explained to you Sankhya (the process of philosophically distinguishing between matter and spirit) and yoga (the process of linking with the Supreme). even though he is detached from it. But because both are ultimately useless for the spirit soul. while Brahma and his sons looked on. the Vedic literatures recommend various paths to achieve perfection.” “A person who accepts the material mind will always consider himself to be the doer of activities. the mind can never be stopped or thrown out.

can obtain Me. It is only loving devotional service unto Me that can completely purify one’s consciousness. “My dear Uddhava. who has not yet fully conquered his senses. to serve the Supreme Lord in the spiritual world. Lord Shiva. when a spirit soul is in the fire of devotional service he becomes purified of all contamination. The Lord described the exalted glories of devotional service and said. like the demigods. Some people even use the Vedic literatures to propound atheistic philosophies. as well as by means of custom and tradition. Lord Krishna answered Uddhava’s question by emphatically saying that pure devotional service is the only genuine path of perfection. however. Then. but has unflinching devotion.Lord Krishna said. the attainment of yoga perfections or liberation. human beings. His hair standing on end. because they have either a human head or body. the goddess of fortune. Such a pure devotee can purify the entire universe. pious work. because bhakti-yoga is like a great fire that burns to ashes all accidental sins committed by such a devotee.” “Due to the influence of maya. the unalloyed service rendered to Me by My devotees brings Me under their control. and that all other processes are only varieties of illusion. but not both). ‘are they human?’ They are a race of monkeys that are almost like humans). which means. he will not fall down from the path. and tears flowing from his eyes. or a little human-like. after the subsequent creation.” If a devotee. just as some trees on the banks of the Ganga drink the pure water to produce poisonous fruit. According to one’s nature and propensity. Vedic study. This results in innumerable philosophies that are handed down in parampara. the Vedic knowledge is presented variously. Lord Sankarshana. Vedic knowledge appeared to be lost.” “My dear Uddhava. Such a devotee does not even care for the post of Indra or Brahma.” Lord Krishna described the pre-eminent position of pure devotee as follows: “One who has fixed his consciousness on Me. I again spoke to Brahma the same knowledge. “At the time of annihilation. who. his heart melting in ecstasy. Kinnaras (kinchin nara. taught it to the seven sages. back to Godhead. such as dogeaters. Just as a diseased eye may regain its sight when treated with a suitable . demons. yoga. while controlling his senses by renouncing material desires. austerities or renunciation can never control me in the same way. can become completely purified in this way. He imparted it to his eldest son. His speech is sometimes choked up. Only pure devotees who love Me. sometimes is attracted to sense gratification. Persons engaged in Sankhya. who in turn. experiences a happiness far beyond the imagination of the sense enjoyers. the intelligence of men is bewildered in many ways. From these rishis came innumerable praja in various forms. and returns back home. Even persons of low birth.” After saying this. are free from fatigue and perspiration). is beyond such material attraction. and he sometimes laughs and cries out loudly as he dances in ecstasy. symptomizes his pure condition. Similarly.such as demigods. neither Lord Brahma. Kindevas (human beings on another planet. and take Me as their only goal. nor even Myself are as dear to Me as you are. When gold is smelted. A pure devotee. Manu. headed by Bhrigu. it gives up its impurities. and Kimpurushas (kim purusha.

“O infallible Lord. In addition. In conclusion to this discussion.ointment. the yogi must move the life air progressively upward from the muladhara chakra. the moon and fire.” “Withdrawing the senses from the sense objects.placing them within the whorl of that lotus.” Shri Uddhava asked. please tell me about these perfections of yoga. By use of intelligence. and how can they be achieved? You know all of these things because you are the bestower of all these perfections. Of all kinds of suffering and bondage that arise from material attachment. so a devotee regains his ability to see the Supreme Lord in His spiritual form by the process of “sravanam kirtanam vishnu”. “My dear lotus-eyed Krishna. “There are eight primary perfections. disc. It has eight petals and rests on an erect stalk. one becomes situated in his constitutional position and so he gives up the practice of meditation. an effulgent crown.one after another. one should then concentrate his meditation only on the smiling face of the Lord. the mind should remain fixed upon all the limbs of the Lord’s transcendental body. “The yogi should sit upon a level seat. because he is truly united with Me. When this has been achieved. where omkara is situated. All of the parts of that beautiful form captivate the heart. one should meditate upon it as the ultimate goal. On His chest are Shrivatsa and the Kaustubha jewel. ankle bells. By practicing the breathing exercises (pranayama). club and lotus flower in His hands. and those who are overly attached to women. he should place his hands on his lap and focus his eyes on the tip of his nose. Lord Krishna gave this advice: “Giving up the association of women. none is greater than that caused by attachment to women.” The Supreme Personality of Godhead said. which exist in Me to a superlative degree. and has a complexion the color of a dark monsoon cloud. Keeping the eyes half-closed. Then. How many are there. When this has been accomplished. how should one meditate upon You. bracelets. and He is decorated with shark-shaped earrings. as the yogi becomes accomplished. and upon which form?” The Supreme Lord said.” Shri Uddhava inquired. not too high and not too low. the yogi should meditate upon the lotus flower that is situated in the heart. and friendship with those who are too attached to women. He is dressed in golden-yellow silk and He holds the conch shell. he attains the yoga siddhas (mystic perfections).” “The Supreme Lord is gentle and cheerful. placing My transcendental four-armed form within the fire. until it reaches the heart. one should situate himself fearlessly in a solitary place and concentrate upon Me with great attention. One should meditate upon the sun. In addition. one should remain grave and self-controlled. and a golden belt around his upper hips. there are ten secondary . The Lord’s face is further enhanced by His merciful glancing. and while keeping his body comfortably erect.

and kamavasayita-siddhi (to obtain anything from anywhere. and indeed.” “The ten secondary perfections are. “O unlimited Lord. Of metals. Among vows.” The Supreme Lord said. prakamya-siddhi (to experience any enjoyable object).and remaining unconquerablethese are five additional lesser powers. Among the Kimpurushas. Thus. thirst and other bodily disturbances. I am the mind. Among religious principles. many of which were previously spoken to Arjuna on the battlefield at Kurukshetra. etc. You remain hidden. I am Arjuna. ten secondary. situated in all living beings. I am study of the Vedas. please describe Your divine opulence and how it is manifest in this world. prapti (to acquire whatever one wants). “Uddhava. I am not different from them. vashita-siddhi (to become unimpeded by the three gunas..of ashramas.and yet.and among varnas.to be able to fully achieve one’s goal. Of things that are difficult to control.” Lord Krishna then described how each of the eight primary. to the highest degree). The former are achieved by My devotees. learned experts in devotional service say that these yoga perfections are actually impediments for those who desire the supreme perfection of life.” “The eight primary mystic powers are anima (to become smaller than the smallest). I am Hanuman. I am you. fire. ishita-siddhi (to manipulate maya’s subpotencies).to free oneself from hunger. laghima (to become lighter than the lightest). water.” Besides these examples.to witness the pastimes of the demigods with the Apsaras. I am the science of the soul by which one distinguishes spirit from matter. Of sacrifices. I am renunciation. Lord Krishna gave numerous others.to hear and see things that are far away. you are the best of those who ask questions! On the battlefield at Kurukshetra. Arjuna asked Me the very same thing! Being the Supreme Soul of all living entities.to move the body at the speed of mind. present and future. I am naturally their wellwisher. I am the three-lettered omkara.to enter the bodies of others. sun. I am the brahmanas. or to bring others under one’s control). The Lord then . In conclusion.” “I am the ultimate goal of those who are seeking progress in life. mahima (to become greater than the greatest).and among heroes.being able to check the influence of fire. poison. “My dear Uddhava. water and speech.being able to tolerate heat. cold and other such disturbances. I am gold. I am wind. Uddhava.to give orders that can be executed without impediment. and the latter by materialistic yogis. Among processes of expert discrimination.perfections that are created from the sattva-guna. I am awareness of the soul within.and among devotees. Of those who are worthy of being called bhagavan. and five inferior mystic powers can be achieved by meditating upon Him in various ways. the Lord said. I am the sannyasa order. Among things that purify.” “O omniscient Lord. although You can see them. Among human beings.” Shri Uddhava said. I am Vasudeva. You are the all-pervading Supreme Soul. Having the power to know past. Of all kinds of security.to assume any form one desires. I am the king. no one can see You. I am the vow of nonviolence.to die when one desires. Of all mantras.

the brahmanas from My face.Rig. . and thus I am actually everything. You should know that whatever power.” “Being surrendered unto Me. with purified intelligence. “I am the basis of the living entities. without once again falling down into material existence. Thus. from the Vedas.” “My dear Uddhava. can achieve loving devotional service unto You. fortune. humility. nor should one dream of acquiring a prestigious position. I became manifest as threefold sacrifices. (‘krita-kritya’ used here means ‘executes all duties perfectly’ and thus Satya-yuga is also called krita-yuga) The Vedas were also undivided and they were fully understood simply by vibrating ‘om’. Sama and Yajur. and even ordinary. “My dear Uddhava. fame. The single religious process was meditation upon Lord Hansa. mental pleasure. should not try to speak cleverly. but I could never fully describe the opulence that I manifest within it. just as water seeps out of an unbaked clay pot. Then. the modes of material nature and the mahat-tattva. the vanaprasthas from My chest. and everyone executed their religious duties perfectly. The four varnas become manifest from My universal form. Nothing whatsoever can exist without Me. his spiritual advancement will be lost. Similarly. But.said. opulence. Nor should one try to become artificially intellectual in the hopes of gaining academic prestige. he will fulfill life’s mission. A long time has passed since You spoke to Lord Brahma in Your form as Hansa-avatara. in Satya-yuga. there was only one social class of men. by the execution of their prescribed duties (karma-yoga). the kshatriyas from My arms. if a devotee fails to control himself in this way. those who are engaged in the highest welfare work.” “My dear Lord. One should not even think of intimate sexual relationships. the vaishyas from My thighs. strength.the grihasthas from the genitals of My universal form. the life-long brahmacharis from My heart. unregulated persons. hoping to impress beautiful women. Otherwise. tolerance or spiritual knowledge there may be. the yoga system that You have described is certainly not possible for all to practice. who else will be able to revive this lost knowledge?” The Supreme Lord said.” “At the beginning of Treta-yuga. renunciation. one’s determination to strictly practice Krishna consciousness will be lost. You alone establish religious principles. the Vedic knowledge appeared from My heart in three divisions. and the shudras from My legs. by preaching Krishna consciousness. please explain how followers of varnashrama-dharma. “My dear lotus-eyed Lord.” In other words. the performance of which constituted the authorized process for spiritual perfection in that age. the devotee should control his speech and subdue his mind and life air. I could count all of the atoms in the universe. called hansa. beauty. Shri Uddhava said. and what You had taught has practically been forgotten. given enough time. Now. the four ashramas became manifested.it is simply an expansion of My opulence. After Your departure from this earth.

and a continuous desire to accumulate money are the natural qualities of vaishyas. conversing. and thus he must never be disrespected.” “Brahmacharis should wear clothes of deerskin. honesty. who is engaging in a sexual relationship. The brahmachari should always consider himself to be the humble servant of his guru. anger. great endeavor. satisfaction. demigods and others.” “Dirtiness. lust. desire for the happiness and welfare of all others. determination. A brahmachari’s hair should be matted and he should carry a staff and water pot. the disciple should lie down nearby. Those who are brahmacharis. and freedom from lust.and satisfaction with whatever comes as a result of such service. Thereafter. etc. heroism. the brahmachari should not break his vow of celibacy.” “Until his education is completed. dedication to giving charity. bathing. outside the varnashrama system. the student should stand nearby with folded hands. generosity.nor should they associate with anyone.” “Children of the higher three varnas.” “Nonviolence. bodily strength. When the spiritual master walks. with a belt made of straw. cows. achieve second birth by receiving the Gayatri mantra at the time of initiation. dishonesty. accepting for himself only that which the guru sanctions. thievery. after completing the purificatory processes. self-control.and the sannyasis from within My head.” “The conditioned souls become situated in a particular varna and ashrama at birth. then he must observe the vow of naishthiki brahmacharya (life-long celibacy). they should reside at the guru’s ashrama (gurukula) so that they can practice self-control and study the Vedic literatures. mercy.” “Faith in Vedic culture. useless quarrel. and he should not cut his hair or nails. and truthfulness are the natural qualities of brahmanas. devotion to the brahmanas. If the student desires elevation to Maharloka or Brahmaloka. When the guru sits. devotion to Me. they are confident of being rewarded in the next life. the student should stay behind. He should remain silent while eating. or joking. Peacefulness. they are charitable because. and leadership are the natural qualities of kshatriyas. due to their faith in the Vedas. and hankering constitute the nature of those who are in the lowest position. With sacred thread and aksha beads around his neck. tolerance. and when the guru lies down. cleanliness. austerity.” “Service without duplicity to the brahmanas. simple straightforwardness.” “One should know the acharya to be nondifferent from Me. the brahmachari should hold kusha grass in his hand.” “A brahmachari who has completed his Vedic education. awaiting his order. Brahmana boys may be initiated at the age of twelve. whereas kshatriya and vaishya boys should be initiated when they are somewhat older.” “Dynamic power. Every morning and evening the brahmachari should collect food and other things and deliver them to his spiritual master. and wants to get . anger and greed are the qualities that are required to be cultivated by all members of society. according to their inferior or superior natures. touching. service to the brahmanas. vanaprasthas or sannyasis should never associate with women by glancing. freedom from hypocrisy. tolerance. Although vaishyas are never satisfied by any amount of acquired wealth. faithlessness. human or animal. steadiness. truthfulness.these are the natural qualities of shudras.

A shudra who cannot find a suitable master can be self-employed by making straw mats. and he should perform religious duties according to his means. after death. to enjoy with Indra in heaven.but. he can achieve liberation. and perform sacrifice. study Vedic literatures. A vaishya can work like a shudra. Indeed. then he can take up a sword like a kshatriya. children. so a king must take care of all the citizens. he enters into the darkness of ignorance. each successive wife should be accepted from a successively lower varna.” “A kshatriya who cannot maintain himself may act as a vaishya.married. or he can act as a brahmana by teaching Vedic knowledge. like a vaishya. Then. But. And. a foolish householder’s entire heart is filled with family attachment. In this way. he should accept a life of austerity. a brahmana can live at home without much attachment. teach the Vedas. Only the brahmanas can accept charity. then he can do some business that is non-violent. The association of wife. and thus not depend upon others. he should take permission from his spiritual master and return home. should first of all properly reward his guru. After deeply considering the truth of the matter.” “Uddhava.” “If a brahmana cannot support himself by performing his regular duties. relatives and friends is just like a brief meeting of travelers at a hotel. and after death. if by this means. Rather. ‘Oh.” “One who wants to accept the vanaprastha order should go live in the forest. and dressing nicely. I quickly rescue those who help brahmanas and devotees that are suffering from poverty. he must never become like a dog by accepting an ordinary master. A brahmana householder that desires liberation from material bondage should pick up rejected grains from the marketplace or field. one who really desires liberation should continue to live at home just like a guest. He should be very magnanimous and charitable. However. and at the end. His mind is always meditating upon his family members. he will be able to enjoy unlimited happiness after death. A householder who desires to quickly purify himself should accept the vanaprastha order. and in this way. will go. Just as the chief bull elephant protects the entire herd. after bathing. he still cannot alleviate his poverty. a hunter. who is of pure character. my poor elderly parents! My frail wife with her small children! Without me to take care of them they would suffer terribly!’ Thinking like this. like a boat that picks up persons who are drowning in the ocean. without any sense of proprietorship. to avoid falling down. however. and give charity.” “All twice-born men should perform yagya. and he should always be absorbed in thought of Me. . If one wishes to have more than one wife. cutting his hair. Those who are not pure devotees engaging twenty-four hours a day in devotional service must follow the regulation of varnashrama very strictly. This will keep him free of all entanglement. or any such useful things. a king who protects all of the citizens by keeping his kingdom free of sinful activities. baskets. he should be careful not to become overly attached.” “One who desires to enter the grihastha ashrama should select a wife from his own varna. however.” “A householder should maintain his dependents comfortably. and who is younger than himself. anyone who has adopted an inferior occupation in an emergency must give it up when the difficulties pass. A brahmana’s body is not meant for enjoying insignificant sense gratification.but he can never do the work of a shudra.

grass. He must always carefully consider the causes of the soul’s bondage and liberation. Without vigilance on the part of the caretaker.he should surround himself with fires in the heat of summer. he should put his foot down only after seeing that he is not going to step on any insects. even the most beautiful garden may become overrun by weeds. He should not endeavor much to take care of his teeth. Similarly.” “When a vanaprastha realizes that even promotion to Brahmaloka is useless. leaving no remnants. For this reason. and liberation is attained when the senses are completely under control. but never animal sacrifices. avoiding useless activities.” “The three bamboo rods that represent dedication of one’s body. Rejecting those houses that are too contaminated.and in winter. leaves and animal skin. except his cloth. cut his nails or shave.even those which are mentioned in the Vedas. He should not comb his hair. A sannyasi should not accept any possessions. he should bathe three times a day. the saintly vanaprastha becomes so emaciated that he looks like a bag of skin and bones. While walking. One who performs such austerities. Similarly. although preference should be given to brahmanas. Bondage occurs when one misuses his senses. do not. while hoping to achieve sense gratification in heaven. must be very careful to keep his heart free of material desires. and then he comes back to Me. is certainly the greatest fool. ‘This man took sannyasa. he first of all goes to Maharloka. one experiences a great spiritual happiness that allows him to remain detached from the happiness derived from insignificant material sense gratification.” “The demigods think. By engaging the mind and senses in Krishna consciousness.” “While performing such severe austerities in the forest. roots and bulbs. a sannyasi should only approach materialistic persons to beg for his . danda and a water pot. the sannyasi should be satisfied with what he gets by begging from seven households of any varna. he should remain submerged in water up to his neck. mind and words to the Supreme. hoping to surpass us and go back home. without deviation. After giving away portions to all who may ask for it. He should take his collected food to a lake or river. A vanaprastha should dress in tree bark. The vanaprastha should offer various sacrifices. If one becomes overtaken by invalidity due to old age. even a devotee who has taken sannyasa. in themselves. he can adopt the sannyasa order of life. then he should gradually fix his mind upon Me and give up his body by entering into the sacrificial fire. after having achieved a beautiful state of Krishna consciousness. The vanaprastha should perform austerity as follows. back to Godhead’.he should remain outdoors in the monsoon. and he should eat fruit. and he should sleep on the ground. After death. make one a sannyasi. in a mood of neutrality.He can take his wife with him. and controlling the life-air by practice of pranayama. or else leave her in the care of a grown-up son. with his mind fixed upon Me. the sannyasi should offer the rest to the Supreme Lord and then eat. and so cannot continue to execute his prescribed duties. he should perform only those activities and speak only that which has been carefully ascertained to be pure. A sannyasi must actually practice the three internal disciplines of avoiding useless speech. They then create stumbling blocks by appearing as the sannyasi’s former wife or some other desirable object.” “A sannyasi should wander over the earth alone.

he can neglect all of the rules and regulations that helped him to reach that goal. Those who have become purified by the execution of their prescribed duties. and to philosophically understand that he is not the material body. ultimately. and I am the ultimate cause of all existence. In no way should any devotee ever read atheistic literature. Beyond this. Still. however. Such begging is not at all like the begging of lazy bums.” Shri Uddhava said. To avoid the great prestige that is offered to exalted personalities. “O Lord of the universe. Your two lotus feet are the only shelter for those conditioned souls being tormented by the three-fold miseries. The main duties of a vanaprastha are to perform austerities. he should stay close to his guru and render personal service. even though he may be very expert. please describe to me the traditionally accepted process of acquiring knowledge that automatically brings about detachment. Therefore. nor should he ever disturb or belittle others. and who fully understand My supreme position. At every moment. a person who is actually advanced in knowledge must certainly be engaged in always worshiping Me in a mood of loving devotion. I am the Supreme Lord of all the demigods and sacrifices. it is recommended that vanaprasthas and sannyasis beg for their food. Indeed. called paramahansa.or like a foolish madman. The main duty of a brahmachari is to serve his spiritual master. there may be temporary relapses. a devotee should keep his body fit and healthy.like an incompetent.” . which is to achieve unflinching devotion unto Me. oblivious to honor and dishonor. Yet. While sincerely trying to understand the means of attaining Me. while illuminating the path of loving devotional service. And. and to give shelter to all living beings. Your lotus feet are just like an umbrella that pours down showers of refreshing nectar. even with the desire to learn how to refute such a philosophy. their only thought is how to arrange their devotional service to Me. “My dear Uddhava. and to maintain a life of non-violence.sustenance. and make him humble by offering respect to others. When one reaches the perfect stage. will very soon come to Me. is the ultimate goal of all varnas and ashramas. those who are self-realized devotees do not see anything as being separate from Me.” “Anyone who seriously desires perfection. just so that his spiritual activities do not become impeded. Lord Krishna then said. However.” In Vedic society. they will achieve opulence equal to Mine in the spiritual world. and not otherwise. although he is most learned. just to set a good example for people in general. because they were previously accustomed to the illusory bodily conception. a paramahansa can behave like a child. The main duties of a grihastha are to perform sacrifices.” “The main duties of a sannyasi are to cultivate equanimity of mind. The cultivation of knowledge is most fruitful when one comes to an understanding that I am the Supreme Absolute Truth. It helps to cut down the egoistic pride of an aspiring transcendentalist. even though he is detached. He should never let others frighten or disturb him.” “My dear Uddhava.” “My dear Lord. should first of all detach himself from a life of sense gratification and approach a bona-fide spiritual master. it is more highly recommended that a paramahansa follow the Vedic regulative principles.

” “Anyone whose consciousness is fixed on Me and who is strengthened by the mode of goodness. Now. and utilize his wealth for My service. the fallen souls have a tremendous desire to relish it. while all of us were gathered around. Rather. please be merciful and lift up this hopeless living entity from the dark hole of material existence. and never forget that I dwell within the heart of all living beings. These are actual religious principles by which a devotee who has surrendered unto Me will automatically develop love for Me. What to speak of this world. he inquired about the path of ultimate liberation.Vedic knowledge.” “By utilizing the four kinds of evidence. or self-realization.“Omniscient Lord. five sense objects. One.” Shri Uddhava said. Dharma is that which directs one toward My devotional service. attachment and all kinds of wretchedness come about. mind. beginning with the ultimate causeParamatma. ignorance. occurs when a devotee no longer sees the twentyeight separated elements. Although material happiness is very insignificant. I have explained devotional service in various ways. at last. Being overwhelmed by grief. and the three modes of nature) and how they interact as cause and effect. I would like You to describe those principles of civilized life that should be universally accepted. the Personality of Godhead. once again. “My dear Lord Krishna. detachment and spiritual opulence. but rather sees the cause itself. simply spends his time chasing after material objects with the help of the senses. Yudhisthira had heard lengthy discourses from Bhishma about religious principles. and thus become detached from it. A devotee should have firm faith in the narrations of My pastimes and he should constantly chant My glories. Detachment is complete disinterest in the objects of material sense gratification. All over the world .” “Sinless Uddhava. I will describe this loving service in its pure form. where he is being repeatedly bitten by the snake of time. five gross elements. the self-realized soul sees Him as the Lord of Vaikuntha. because of your love for Me. and logical induction. The cultivation of real knowledge culminates in the awareness of My all-pervading presence.” “Vigyana. traditional wisdom. whose consciousness is fixed upon his material body and its extensions. even in the planet of Lord Brahma. whereas the vigyani ceases to think of the Lord in relation to this created manifestation. The gyani thinks of the Supreme Lord as the creator of this material world. For such a person who is under the influence of the mode of passion. My Lord. Maharaja Yudhisthira. He should worship all Vaishnavas very carefully.one can understand the disadvantages of material existence. whose enemy was never born. direct perception. had made the same inquiry from Bhishma. ten senses. false ego. listening. the jiva. that arise from a single cause.” “Gyana entails an understanding of the twenty-eight elements that make up material existence (material nature. Then.” The Supreme Lord said. achieves knowledge. please save me by pouring down the nectar of Your instructions.irreligion. at the end of the Kurukshetra war. and opulence refers to the eight yoga perfections. mahat-tattva. “My dear Uddhava. He should renounce all material desires. there is simply unhappiness. previously.

I have replied to everything that you had inquired about. not coveting or stealing others’ property. as was done by great sages in the past. freedom from possessiveness. Internal and external cleanliness. A person who is attached to sense gratification is a slave. such as detachment. trust in the principles of religion. Reality (satyam) means to see the Supreme Lord everywhere. and one who is dissatisfied is truly poor. visiting holy places.there are multifarious cultures and each one defines the principles of morality in a different way.” “Actual heaven is the predominance of sattva-guna. Modesty (hri) means to feel disgust at improper behavior. which simply causes bewilderment. because I am the spiritual master of the entire universe. and hell is the predominance of tamo-guna. The correct path of life is that which leads to Me. Real austerity (tapah) is to give up lust. steadiness.” “Actual opulence (bhaga) is that which is possessed by Me. and the wrong path is the road to sense enjoyment. hospitality. My Lord. True education is the attainment of an understanding of the non-dual soul. celibacy. silence. The best quality is to rise above material conceptions of good and evil. detachment. austerity.” Lord Krishna replied. Home is one’s material body. because to constantly consider what is good and what is bad is itself a bad quality.” .” “Mental equilibrium (samah) occurs when the intelligence is absorbed in Me. Self-control (damah) is complete discipline of the senses. True misery (dukham) is experienced by those who search for sex pleasure. satisfaction. sacrifice. and I am sacrifice personified. But. Real beauty (shri) is to possess good qualities.” “My dear Uddhava. acting and desiring only in relation to My devotional service. Steadfastness (dhritih) occurs when one conquers the tongue and genitals. with a desire to receive spiritual instructions. A wise man is one who knows the process of liberation. I am the true friend of everyone. Real remuneration to the guru (dakshina) is a devotional attitude. “Nonviolence. and one who is not attached is a master. “ “The truth (satyam) should be presented in a pleasing manner. A person who is enriched with good qualities is actually rich. There is no need for a more elaborate description. Real wealth (dhana) is dharma. Tolerance (titiksha) is the ability to patiently endure unhappiness. Real cleanliness (saucham) is detachment from fruitive activities. True happiness (sukham) is experienced beyond the temporary manifestations of material happiness and distress. and a fool (murkhah) is one who identifies with the material body and mind. humility. The greatest charity (danam) is to give up all aggression toward others. Real heroism (shauryam) is to conquer the natural tendency to enjoy material life. worship of Me. chanting of the Lord’s holy name. faith. and renunciation (tyaga) is exemplified by the sannyasa order of life. whatever You say must be taken as actually authoritative. truthfulness. Real gain in life is to become My devotee. and service to the guru are the twelve elements of regular prescribed duties. and fearlessness are the twelve primary disciplinary principles. The greatest strength (param balam) is achieved by the pranayama system of breath control. forgiveness. These twenty-four items bestow all desired benedictions upon those who cultivate them.

Therefore. if. If. can award one all benefit.” “An expert trainer. without such an understanding. “My dear lotus-eyed Krishna. if used properly. alternately lets it run free and then pulls sharply on the reins. the transcendentalist may sometimes give his senses freedom to act. one should not foolishly try to live here forever. being neither very disgusted nor very attached to material life. You discourage such a distinction. the Vedic literatures can be thought of as Your law books. The spiritual master is the captain and Vedic instructions are favorable breezes that impel it onward toward the ultimate goal of life. The distinction between piety and sin certainly comes from the Vedic literatures. in due course of time. I presented three paths of advancement. or if he is very fortunate. Those who are not disgusted with material life should practice karma-yoga.karma. he will attain transcendental knowledge (gyana). life on earth is superior to life in heaven and hell. excessive absorption in both enjoyment and suffering are impediments to spiritual advancement. gyana and bhakti. while taming a headstrong horse. he must always consider the temporary nature of all . The path of gyana-yoga is recommended for those who are disgusted with material life. the bird that had nested there flew away without attachment and continued to live happily somewhere else.Shri Uddhava said. there will surely be confusion. there are absolutely no other paths of elevation. for spiritual advancement. “Uddhava. one who does not utilize the human body to cross over the ocean of material existence is to be considered a killer of his own soul. because I want all human beings to have a chance to achieve perfection. Similarly. how could human society hope to be guided toward perfection in life? To understand things that are beyond our immediate perception.” “The human form is superior to both heavenly and hellish bodies because only a human birth gives nice facility for the attainment of transcendental knowledge and love of God. should practice bhakti-yoga. Until one is firmly situated on the transcendental platform. although destined to be cut down. the Vedic literatures must surely be consulted. Considering all of this. The human body can be compared to a nice boat. even though. then such a person. at the same time. but he will never forget his goal of life and allow his senses to engage in sinful activity. The perfection of karma-yoga is attained when one is free from sinful activities and performs his prescribed duties properly without any desire for fruitive gain. As a result of such perfection. In other words.” “When a cruel man cut down a tree. The human body. one is attracted to hearing and chanting My glories. for they are the ultimate authority. How then is it possible to understand Your instructions without considering the difference between piety and sin? Indeed. Besides these three. devotional service to Me.and that which is bad or forbidden. They primarily consist of descriptions of that which is good or desirable. by good fortune.” The Supreme Lord said. But.

etc. which are by their very nature. even though the living entities are similar in this way. Any time that is appropriate for . when a devotee has awakened his faith in the narration of My glories.that which is proper. piety and impiety are relative to one’s position within the varnashrama system. In a similar way. yoga. the cultivation of knowledge. or any transcendentalist. and that which is improper. air and ether. “My dear Uddhava. whereas deviation is considered impiety. a pure devotee feels spiritual affection for all living entities.” “Everything that can be achieved by fruitive acts. Steadiness in one’s position is considered piety. The knot in the heart (hridaya-granthi) becomes slashed. Those places are considered to be contaminated that are without spotted deer and respectable persons who are devoted to the brahmanas. real piety is to adhere to his spiritual position. while sincerely repenting that he sometimes becomes deviated by sense enjoyment. according to his false conception of life. Indeed. In this way. will be able to give up all material activities. Generally. where meat eaters are prominent. Lord Krishna said. impure. due to past habit. and the chain of fruitive activities is terminated.” A doctor will relate to a crazy person by speaking to him sympathetically. But. Therefore. achieve liberation. is made of earth. when one becomes thoroughly disgusted with the temporary. his heart becomes firmly situated in Me. enterprising and servile). but he knows that bodily attachment can lead to no ultimate benefit. where cleanliness is neglected.” A sincere devotee may sometimes be disturbed by sex attraction or by lingering sentiments for wife and children. fire. so that all of the material desires that were within his heart become destroyed. Everyone’s body. time and place. No other procedure is required. from Brahma’s down to the most insignificant. My pure devotees. and all kinds of religious duties is easily achieved by My devotee. After becoming disgusted with material activities. Lord Krishna said. Of course.among objects. according to propensity (intellectual. they do not accept it. Even if there is some accidental falldown. all misgivings are cut to pieces. One who adopts this standard while desiring to give up all kinds of illusory sense gratification. ambitious for power. Such a person should engage in My devotional service in a happy mood. Whether My devotee desires to go to heaven. the Vedic literatures divide the human society into four classes. “ “Piety and impiety in the material world are actually relative concepts. do not desire anything besides Me. water. and where the land is barren. it can be understood that the concept of material piety and sin do not even exist in the minds of unalloyed devotees. to help the living entities achieve their desired goals in life. or reside in My own abode. After extensive consideration. and real sin is to neglect his prescribed duties. They are not absolute.material objects. even if I offer them liberation. including so-called wife and children. though. I have established. illusory nature of this world. to burn to ashes any sinful reactions. knowing that they simply lead to misery.” “For a devotee. he may still not be able to renounce all sense enjoyment. the Vedic literatures instruct persons according to their conditional situation. who possess saintly behavior and deep intelligence. these are easily accomplished. he will at last give up his false identification with matter. he should simply continue with his devotional activities. “When a devotee constantly worships Me with love.

By neglecting these six. fear and suffering. depending upon that person’s strength. a person who is lying on the ground cannot fall any further. Thus. and thus quarrel among men is created. one is considered irreligious. etc. If Lord Krishna alone is the factual enjoyer. one becomes religious.” An object’s purity or impurity depends upon contact with another object. etc. if a healthy person eats. and what is ordinarily considered sinful may sometimes be piety. Purification is effective when it removes a bad odor. thus obliterating one’s good intelligence. we are all parts and parcels of Lord Krishna. giving charity. the Vedic literatures also promise sense . by remembering Me. The reason for this is as follows.” Due to false ego. during a solar eclipse. This produces intolerable anger. Material lust produces anger because of frustration. almost like a dead man. A mantra is purified when it is chanted with proper knowledge. lust arises. a covering of dirt. and so it is Krishna Who is the real proprietor and enjoyer of our activities. For example. Persons. and we consider ourselves to be the proprietors and enjoyers of our actions. “An act that would degrade an elevated person does not harm one who is already fallen. like a tree. and so they are not held responsible. impure cloth becomes purified by contact with water. performing austerity. That time which impedes one’s duty is considered impure. doer. and clean cloth becomes impure by contact with urine. but not in a dangerous or chaotic situation.becomes dull. Of course. there is a constant struggle between innumerable false enjoyers. substance. etc. For example. and thus deviated from the actual purpose of life. In a safe and peaceful place.either separately or in combination. because it drives away all illusion. intelligence. In truth. dirty clothes and a messy house are contaminating for a wealthy person. physical condition. Animals also cannot be praised or blamed for their so-called good or bad acts. however. a person who is bereft of real intelligence. there is no clear demarcation between sin and piety. one is obliged to strictly perform all religious rituals. where is the competition? Without Krishna consciousness. which plunges one into the darkness of ignorance. Worn out. fire. Impure things may or may not sinfully infect a person. One’s self can be purified by bathing. time. but a very weak person can eat without becoming contaminated. Lord Krishna continued. by physical strength. and work is purified when the result is offered to Me. the association that is dictated by one’s acquired nature is considered proper. passage of time. but not for a poor man. Such renunciation is the basis of all auspicious and religious life for human society. From attachment to sense objects. By purification of place. Practically speaking.” “By refraining from a particular act one becomes freed from its bondage. Lord Krishna said. by age (a child is considered to be pure or innocent). “Uddhava. “Various objects are purified by time. who are absorbed in sense gratification live uselessly in ignorance.” Children below the age of fourteen are considered incapable of properly distinguishing between good and bad. by performing prescribed duties and. and from lust is born quarrel among men. he becomes contaminated. Indeed. mantras and works. wind. Lord Krishna continued. we accept the material body as one’s self. earth or water. above all.” “What is ordinarily considered piety may under some conditions be sin.performing one’s prescribed duty is considered pure.

” . previously You described twenty-eight elements of the material creation. which comprises all of the Vedic sounds. but fail to properly worship Me.” “Just by taking birth. The Vedas describe the spiritual nature of the living entity. if they are sense enjoyers. are incapable of understanding Me. headed by Indra. etc. some authorities describe twenty-six elements. but in an esoteric way. a person who has become detached from sex life is asked to accept the sannyasa order.or even four. so that I am not easily approached by those who are not qualified. and I am the worshipable Deity. the Vedic literatures will recommend something in one place and then reject that same thing somewhere else. Why do philosophers calculate in different ways? Please explain this to me. All such recommendations and progressions are simply meant to lead one to the ultimate goal. which is actually just like a dream. and it is I Who the transcendental sound vibration ultimately establishes. but should always be prepared to progress to the next level. the transcendental sound of the Vedas is very difficult for ordinary persons to understand. “My dear Lord. a foolish person gives up what is valuable in life so that he can pursue promotion to heaven. For example. Indeed. Attachment to all of these things acts to defeat a person’s real self-interest. For this reason. I manifest all of the Vedic sounds. How then could the Vedas actually encourage material attachment? Even those who perform Vedic sacrifices. as well as family members and friends. Such unintelligent persons worship various deities. where any contact with women is forbidden. Of course. or twenty-five. making them incapable of seeing God. but this is merely an enticement to approach the real goal of life. I manifest Myself as the reverberating primeval vital air (prana). expanding from omkara.Krishna consciousness.gratification in heaven. bodily strength. beginning with omkara. It is I Who am that which is to be understood by the various philosophical methods. I am the ritualistic sacrifices that are prescribed by the Vedas.” “As the Paramatma dwelling within everyone’s heart. nowhere in the Vedic literatures is it ever recommended that one should give up Krishna consciousness in favor of something else. the bodily concept of life is like a dense fog that covers the eyes of the conditioned souls. For this reason.” “Just as a foolish businessman spoils his hard-earned wealth by investing wrongly. those who are addicted to sex enjoyment are taught to accept marriage as a way of regulating sex pleasure. sexual potency. But. Shri Uddhava said. a person should not become fixed upon a particular stage. For this reason. six. the Supreme Lord. one automatically becomes absorbed in thinking about personal sense gratification. as the cause of all causes. Just as a spider brings forth its web from its heart and then from out of its mouth. But elsewhere.” It is very interesting to take note of the following: The Vedic literatures describe progressive life as consisting of various stages.

All of this confusion ceases. “Material nature (prakriti) and its enjoyer (purusha) are clearly distinct. all of the elements are present within each individual element. In any case. material nature manifests varieties of created objects. and it is by You alone that such knowledge becomes obscured. they appear to be related. according to their particular realizations.The Supreme Lord said. From within the hearts of philosophers. all of the material elements are present everywhere. they inevitably disagree with one another. by exhibiting Your unsurpassed skill in reasoning. no one can achieve self-realization on the strength of his own analytic prowess. in the act of seeing. correct. being unable to come to a real conclusion. Acting through its three modes. where would the soul be?” “O lotus-eyed Krishna. It is from You alone that knowledge of the soul is obtained. All of the authoritative analytic philosophers are accepted by Me as being. for such a philosopher has actually found the object of his research. For example. by cause and effect. in their own way. and material nature affects the soul. “Actually. with the help of sunlight (adhidaiva). just as the sun is self-illuminated. Still. and various kinds of material consciousness for perceiving them. as soon as one fixes his intelligence upon Me. and without the body. because spirit resides within matter.” The Supreme Lord said. from gross to subtle. the Supreme Soul does not require the above-mentioned interdependence. however. The resultant cosmic manifestation is to be understood in three aspects. Thus. because the creation undergoes constant transformation. the body could not exist. Thus. it must be understood that I am not personally involved with the interactions of the material constituents during creation. I cause them to forget their real selves. I merely glance over material nature and this empowers the elements so that they become amalgamated to form the universal egg.sight provided by the eyes (adhyatma) perceives a form (adhibhuta). But. and then back. please cut out this great doubt from my heart. “Even though matter and spirit are constitutionally distinct.” Shri Uddhava then said. Without the soul.adhyatmic. because He is complete in Himself and does not need any outside assistance. so.” . it should not be surprising that even learned brahmanas understand things variously.” “Material creation and annihilation take place from subtle to gross. adhidaivic and adhibautic. Because My glories are truly unlimited.

innumerable rays of light are created and destroyed. Sometimes. Factually. This is something like a good man who gives birth to a bad son and thus suffers. when it acts under the influence of the modes of nature. though. trees. The mind.by use of your good intelligence. the material body that is present at any particular time is not really the living being. birth.” “The material body undergoes transformation just like the flame of a candle. When we see the flame of a candle. as well as the birth of his own child. “The mind of the conditioned soul is shaped by the reactions to his fruitive work. as long as he remains in the bodily concept of life. it is false to say. a fortunate person is able to give up this mental concoction. The conditioned soul totally identifies with each body. middle-age. ‘This is the water of the river’.” “The conditioned soul actually does nothing. Because of ignorance.it will continue as long as one remains sleeping. Even if you are insulted.” The Supreme Lord said. just as one completely accepts the experience of a dream as real. Just as fruit on a tree constantly undergoes transformation. understands that he is a fragmental part and parcel of the Supreme Whole.” “My dear Uddhava.Shri Uddhava said. gestation. give them up. By seeing one’s father’s or grandfather’s death. travels from one body to another. ‘This is the flame of the candle’. and not his bodily senses. Although the soul is distinct from the material body and mind. however. he feels that he is walking. as time passes. a person should understand the truth about the material body. In a similar way. although stationary on a windless day. old age and death are the nine ages of the body. the illusion of the conditioned soul never vanishes. for this will prevent you from realizing your real self. he perceives himself to be a separate. But. robbed. new water flows by at every second. spit upon or urinated upon. etc. for this reason. Actually. please explain to me how they accept various grades of material bodies and later on. or a fruit on a tree. working. along with the senses. the water of a river. . Now. A self-realized devotee. those who are fruitive workers are certainly deviated from You. kidnapped. And yet. one must understand that his body is steadily moving toward inevitable death.” “Impregnation. When we look at a river it would be foolish to say. he suffers. This subject is very difficult for foolish persons to understand. This is something like a bad dream. “O Supreme Master. because he identifies with the body. will appear to be quivering when one sees their reflection on rippling water. the conditioned soul falsely identifies with his body.” When a person falsely identifies with the material body. childhood. independent entity. infancy. Similarly. beaten. He knows that his natural function is to satisfy the Supreme Enjoyer. do not try to enjoy sense gratification with the material body. because of his false ego. followed by the soul. you should remain fixed on the spiritual platform. youth.

after death. “O best of speakers. pride. At last. such men foolishly adhere to them with a passion. In this mood. there was once a brahmana who became vastly wealthy by engaging in various businesses. government officials. violence. only the greatest of devotees are able to do so. I shall now relate to you a very nice historical account. gambling and intoxication. the brahmana said to himself. when the brahmana became thoroughly impoverished. he felt unbearable anxiety. is spoiled by even a small amount of greed. When such harsh and insulting words enter the heart. The wealth of a miser gives him no happiness in this life and. such as drought and fire. at last. they cause more suffering than sharp arrows that pierce our chest. a powerful feeling of renunciation came over him. greedy and easily angered. as well as servants and relatives. By earning. Because the brahmana was so hardhearted. due to the faith that he had maintained for Lord Vishnu. envy. Anyone who desires real benefit in life should therefore stay aloof from unnecessary endeavor for acquiring material wealth.” “My dear Uddhava. this brahmana was so miserly that he would not even allow his own body to have sufficient gratification at proper times. his family members completely ignored him. While lamenting terribly. The five presiding deities of the family sacrifices also became disgusted with him. it sends him to hell. and he never properly treated his family members and guests. the brahmana’s stock of piety became exhausted.all came to hate him.” In the kingdom of Avanti. thieves. “O disciple of Brihaspati. Indeed. Because of this. perplexity.Shri Uddhava said. they stopped treating him with any affection whatsoever. Although these qualities are undesirable. faithlessness. it is true that there is hardly a saintly person who can calm his mind after it has been disturbed by the insults of uncivilized men. and the dangers caused by women.” . and as a result. speaking of lies. fear and delusion. all of his wealth was soon plundered by his relatives. spending and trying to increase wealth.theft. duplicity. Our conditioning is so strong that even learned men find it very difficult to tolerate the offenses that You have mentioned. anger. protecting.as well as by various acts of providence. Indeed. Then. “What a great misfortune! I have simply tormented myself uselessly by working so hard to accumulate wealth that I used neither for religion nor enjoyment. At last. sons and daughters. and as a result. so that I can properly understand it.” “Whatever good qualities or fame one possesses. lust.” “Those who are greedy to acquire wealth become contaminated by fifteen undesirable qualities. But he was a very miserly person. all men are forced to work hard and suffer from anxiety.his wife. being thoroughly disgusted. the brahmana meditated upon his miserable condition for a long time. quarrel. and he was lusty. just as one’s bodily beauty is spoiled by even a trace of white leprosy.” Lord Krishna said. His home was devoid of proper religious behavior. enmity. please explain all of this once again.

and yet. Then. The Paramatma is present with me as my friend. the Avantibrahmana wandered over the earth as a sannyasi. Although these low-class men were trying to destroy his determination. I wish to perform austerities. at last. would become attached to worthless material wealth? Intelligent persons utilize their wealth. they would try to make him angry so that he would shout. or time.” Being so determined. but He is not endeavoring. forcing my body to subsist upon the bare necessities. being the result of his past actions. Some of the miscreants would abuse him by saying. what can I do? For one who is in the grips of death. He is simply witnessing everything from His transcendental position. my body. because it reflects an image of this world. while he was sitting on the riverbank and about to eat the food that he had obtained by begging.” The Avanti-brahmana understood that all of his suffering was unavoidable. And. tie him up. one’s loving wife. they insulted him terribly. When rowdy persons saw what appeared to be an old. brothers. In this way. karma. which is like a mirror. and freed from all material attachment. while covering his advanced position from others. parents. which is the boat that can carry me over the ocean of material life. and pass foul air on him. after attaining the human form. for He brought me to this miserable condition so that I could. Maharaja Khatvanga was able to attain the spiritual world in a moment. unkempt beggar. one’s friends or relatives may become so disturbed. Some took away his sannyasa rod. spit on his head.” “To have achieved a human birth. they would pretend to return these things and then hide them once again. that they throw away their affection in a moment. have embraced the mind. which then evolve into various activities. All kinds of religious activities are intended to subdue the mind. I foolishly squandered all of these just to increase my material assets. The powerful mind actuates the functions of the three modes of material nature. and then to neglect this great opportunity is just like killing one’s own self. achieve detachment. youth and strength to attain perfection. when he remained quiet. At such times. Indeed. his deerskin seat. He makes a business of religion because he lost all of his money and his family threw him out. his chanting beads and his ragged clothes. his begging bowl. it is my mind alone that causes happiness and distress and perpetuates the cycle of repeated birth and death. or friends may break off their relationship. they would beat him with sticks. and as a brahmana. nor are the demigods.“For even a single coin. which is the gateway to liberation. Because of a dispute over even a small amount of money. these ruffians would come and pass urine on his meal and sometimes. When the . Sometimes. the brahmana remained steady on the spiritual platform. “This man is just a cheater. he would sing this song: “These people are not the cause of my distress. What sane man. and indeed. what is the use of so much money?” “The Supreme Lord Hari must be pleased with Me. I. If there is any remaining time in my life. concentration of the mind on the Supreme Lord is the highest goal. I will pursue my real self-interest and remain satisfied within myself. even up to the point of murder. and their anger inflamed. Rather. because he had taken a vow of silence. on the other hand. While teasing him. Now that I am an old man.

Actually. but as soon as he does. control your mind by fixing your intelligence upon Me. for by understanding this ancient philosophy. To enjoy material happiness. having complete faith in Vedic understanding. and involve him in useless quarrels. I must be absorbed in the bodily concept of life. he becomes harassed by innumerable pains and sufferings. Due to being absorbed in false ego. the mind. For this reason.this is the essence of yoga. and so it is not really affected by the happiness and distress caused by their interactions. what is the need of pious acts and religious rituals? And conversely. if the mind is uncontrolled and lost in ignorance. Lord Krishna then said. But. The Sankhya system. This process was approved by all the previous acharyas. can fix his mind on Lord Krishna and free himself from material entanglement without any extraneous endeavor. . “I shall cross over this ocean of nescience by remaining fixed in service at the lotus feet of the Supreme Lord. then it will torment him.and it is this which causes quarrel. But. one must identify with the material body. Now. if one fails to conquer his greatest enemy. the Avanti brahmana was freed from all moroseness.” “If I feel that the people who give me charity are the cause of my happiness. “My dear Uddhava. Therefore. The ultimate cause is my false bodily identification.mind is fixed on the Absolute Truth. While travelling over the earth. Anyone who hears or recites this song of the sannyasi will never again become overwhelmed by the dualities of material happiness and distress. A dead body feels no pain.” By becoming detached from the loss of his property. The mind. we identify with the body and thus come under the sway of duality. enemies or neutral. however. If someone bites his own tongue. he chanted this song and never deviated from Krishna consciousness. The Avanti-brahmana concluded by saying. Feeling ourselves to be separated from others. so it is the soul who experiences such happiness and distress. all persons are part and parcel of the Absolute Truth. what is the use of making a show of piety?” “All of the senses have been under the control of the mind since time immemorial.” A devotee. who were themselves fixed in devotional service to Lord Mukunda. and if I feel that the people who harass me are the cause of my distress.it is stronger than the strongest. very carefully analyzes the distinction between matter and spirit. These people are not the ultimate cause of my happiness and distress. even when foolish rascals insulted him. one can immediately give up the illusion of material duality. But. however. material happiness and distress are two sides of the same coin. this is not the original function of the soul. should he blame his teeth and pull them out in anger?” The conditioned souls try to eliminate material distress so that they can enjoy material happiness. anyone who can bring the mind under control becomes the master of all the senses as well.its god-like power is fearsome. so that one can understand the necessity of withdrawing the mind from sense gratification and fixing it on the spiritual platform. never comes under the sway of another. the demigods and planets should also not be blamed. for He is the eternal servant of Krishna. we view them as friends. The spirit soul is distinct from the gross and subtle bodies. I shall describe to you Sankhya.

tolerance. the place for human beings and other mortal creatures. chronic . being embarrassed by improper action. there was no distinction between the seer and the seen. the three modes became manifest. audacity. when all was merged within the Absolute Truth and thus He was the only Seer. From the modes of nature. Thereafter. the Supreme Soul.” “Uddhava.” “O best among men. Mind and sense control. These are qualities of the mode of goodness. according to his association with nature’s modes.” “Svar becomes the residence of the demigods. so.” “When I had glanced over material nature. tendency to ridicule others.” “Although the mahat-tattva is the ingredient cause of creation. Who remains alone. and thus it is I alone Who am the ultimate cause. Tapaloka and Satyaloka are meant for those who perform great austerities. faith in the spiritual master. At the time of annihilation. simplicity. From the transformation of the modes of nature. merges into time. the whole material manifestation remains only so long as I glance upon it. The one Absolute Truth manifests two natures.” “Impelled by Me. “During Krita-yuga.Bhuvarloka. Janaloka. adherence to duty. Lord Brahma also created regions below the earth for the Nagas and demons. I shall now describe how the conditioned soul acquires various natures. miserliness. false ego is generated. the senses and the mind. great endeavor.” “Intolerant anger. dissatisfaction even with gain. just as the rising sun drives away all darkness. Bhuvar and Svar. Time merges into Maha-Vishnu.” “Material desires. generates the gross elements. by My mercy. physical sensation arises. the soul of the universe. Brahma was born. discrimination. eagerness to fight. self-aggrandizement. which then causes physical sensation. he created the three planetary divisions. truthfulness. called Bhur. and belief in one’s superiority. which then dissolves into the three modes of nature. The four topmost planets. one sometimes rises to the surface and then once again becomes submerged. These are qualities of the mode of passion. living as a parasite. along with their presiding deities. endowed with the mode of passion. mercy. I appeared within this egg. established within Himself. the mahat-tattva is manifested along with the primeval sutra (the potency for activity). The elements become merged within the mahat-tattva. the creative process is reversed. In the mighty river that is material existence.and the Earth. From false ego in passion come the senses. and from the lotus growing from My navel. all of these combine to form a universal egg. love of praise. humility and self-satisfaction. hatred. The gunas merge into avyakta (the unmanifest) which in turn. From false ego in ignorance. generosity. false pride.Lord Krishna said. which was floating on the causal ocean. which is My superior place of residence. when all were self-realized. and before that. renunciation of sense gratification. and from false ego in goodness come eleven demigods. performed great austerities. which mix together and then compete for supremacy.Maharloka. an understanding of this scientific knowledge of Sankhya removes all illusion of bodily identification from the mind of the serious student. the material nature (prakriti) and the conscious living entities (purusha). so that they could fulfill the pending desires of the conditioned souls. the abode of ghostly spirits. which in turn. hypocrisy. sense gratification. Lord Brahma. Who then merges into Me.

One who worships Me with the desire to hurt others is in the mode of ignorance. First of all.fatigue. the king began to feel detachment. while crying out. sleeping. When passion (which causes attachment) predominates over goodness and ignorance. at first. the three modes of material nature cause the conditioned soul to become attached to objects in various ways. indulges in false hopes. “O my wife. fear. one becomes absorbed in the knowledge of eating. virtuous. . Pururava. the modes of passion and ignorance can be conquered by engaging oneself only with things in the mode of goodness. then he can give up his false identification with the products of material nature.” “Considering all of this.” “Residence in the forest is in goodness. one becomes aware of a higher. A passionate person is recognized by his lust. but still he had not become satisfied at heart. delusion. These are qualities of the mode of ignorance. by carefully controlling his lamentation. one falls into the deepest pit of darkness.” “By manifesting within the mind. it makes a person foolish and dull. Then. He sleeps excessively. A devotee should never associate with materialistic persons who are dedicated to gratifying their stomachs and genitals. laziness and false expectations. became greatly bewildered. the mode of goodness can be conquered by adopting an attitude of indifference. When ignorance conquers passion and goodness. When goodness predominates over passion and ignorance. one should intelligently free himself from the contamination of nature’s modes by exclusively engaging in loving devotional service to Me. sleeping too much. and a person in ignorance by his anger. In the mode of passion. a person struggles hard to gain wealth and prestige. quarrel.” “A person in goodness is recognized by his self-control. and endowed with wisdom. Please hear Me now. In the mode of ignorance. When one is fixed in consciousness of Me. Pururava ran after her like a madman. and residence in a place of gambling is ignorance. Indeed. by constant engagement in devotional service. “The human form of life is the opportunity to realize Me. a person becomes happy within himself. spiritual nature. mating and defending. just like a blind man who follows another blind man. Faith in fruitive work is indicative of passion.” The Supreme Lord then said. without any higher purpose. Residence in My temple is transcendental. as I narrate to you the following story about King Pururava.” “Faith (sraddha) in spiritual life is the characteristic of goodness. By following such persons. while remaining fixed in devotional service. Urvashi. Faith in My devotional service is transcendental. and faith in sinful life signifies ignorance. When Urvashi was leaving him. one speculates about himself and the visible world around him.” “Anyone who worships Me without expectation of gain is understood to be in the mode of goodness.” “In the mode of goodness. residence in a town is in passion. who was also called Aila” After losing his wife. O terrible lady! Please stop!” Pururava had enjoyed sex pleasure with Urvashi for many years. and is prone to violence. even though they surround him. he is understood to be in the mode of passion. When a person worships Me with hopes for material benefit. moroseness. Then. naked. he was so attracted to her that he could not even understand how the days and nights were passing.

” Actually. he just gets two hands full of blood. whose property is the body. But. the mind undoubtedly becomes agitated. after all that. crying out like a madman! Just like a donkey being kicked in the face by a she-donkey. Because. For this reason. Indeed. Even though the material body is heading toward a lowly destination. Thus. when the senses contact their objects. when he embraces a woman’s body. skin. Indeed.or to the dogs. urine.” “Even those persons who theoretically understand the real nature of this material body should never associate with women. spiritual nature. naked and without shame. Who else but the Supreme Lord can save my consciousness. just as a fire is never extinguished by pouring any amount of ghee. a man stares at a woman’s face and thinks. even when Urvashi gave me good advice (to never trust a woman). But still. if a person restrains his senses. and so what to speak of . “What is this filthy body. austerity and renunciation if. he considered his material body to be his real self. I could not understand the truth of it. and yet she gave me up as if I was no more significant than a blade of grass! And still. And. what is the difference between a woman. In addition. that which it has neither seen nor heard of does not disturb the mind. and a person who is attached to a woman? Both are trying to enjoy this bag of skin and bones. who gives it pleasure. my lusty desires never became satisfied. one should never let his senses associate freely with women or those who are attached to women. worms or vultures that may eventually eat it? Is it the property of the indwelling soul. or to his employer who orders it around? Does it belong to the funeral pyre. bone and flesh. Pururava continued. and Urvashi’s body to be her real self. Pururava considered Urvashi to be an object for his personal enjoyment. As pointed out here. then his mind will automatically become pacified. but still. That is one aspect of his mistake. which was stolen away by a prostitute? My intelligence had become so dull. because of my uncontrolled senses. or men who are too attached to women. I ran after the woman who had rejected me!” “What is the use of so much education. I followed her. I became just like a pet animal in the hands of a woman! I considered myself to be such a powerful hero. who partakes of its happiness and distress?” “One can never really decide to whom the body belongs.King Aila then said. and yet. Therefore. there are two aspects of Pururava’s mistake. ‘O what a beautiful woman! Just see her sweet smile!’ The illusory potency of maya enters into the female form and thus bewilders a man’s mind. she cheated me to such an extent that I didn’t even notice the rising and setting of the sun! I am supposed to be the emperor of the entire world. anyway? Does it belong to the parents who gave birth to it? To his wife. Even highly learned persons cannot trust the six enemies of the mind. “Oh! Just see the extent of my delusion! Being embraced by this goddess. but its beauty was simply a false covering created by the illusory energy of the Lord. out of foolishness. my heart became so polluted that I could not understand how my life was passing. stool. one’s mind becomes stolen away by a woman? Even though I tasted Urvashi's sweetness for many years. pus. I cannot blame Urvashi for all of my suffering because I am ignorant of my real. anyway? I was attracted to this woman’s body. I am just like a person who mistakes a harmless rope to be a snake. rather than being meant for the pleasure of the Supreme Lord. After all. he becomes very attached to it.

This will constantly remind him that I am the supreme enjoyer. please explain to me the prescribed method of worshiping You in Your Deity form.so. fear. or He may even worship Me within his heart.” Shri Uddhava said. whatever My devotee offers Me with faith. Then. An elevated devotee may worship Me with whatever is easily available. the mind and jewels. From this narration.a foolish person like me?” Having chanted this song. he becomes faithfully dedicated to Me and achieves My devotional service. which certainly purifies one of all sins. then. the permanent Deity can never be sent away. so.” The Supreme Lord said. These forms can be established temporarily or permanently. My devotees are the only refuge of persons who are fearful of falling down into a miserable condition of life. flowers and food?” “Before worshiping the Deity. an intelligent person should learn to reject all bad association. sand. one should clean his teeth and bathe. satisfied within himself. The Deity is of eight varieties. so I am the ultimate shelter of those who are distressed. Pururava at last achieved peace. however. incense. Even very opulent offerings made by nondevotees do not satisfy Me. he began wandering over the earth.” “The neophyte devotee should worship Me in My Deity form by offering the most opulent paraphernalia. of a devotee who offers me nice fragrant oil. is very pleasing to Me. When one associates with advanced devotees. then. What to speak. and only after it has risen. The devotee . by offering mental paraphernalia. remains to be accomplished?” “Just as cold. even if it is only a little water. Just as religion is the wealth of those who are trying to cross over this world. metal. My devotees bestow divine eyes that remove the darkness of ignorance. “Understanding Me to be the Supreme Lord. But. he should sit on a mat of kusha grass whose tips are pointed eastward. “My dear Uddhava. so I shall explain the subject briefly. But. Whereas the sun enables external vision. and darkness are eradicated when one approaches the sacrificial fire. Lord Krishna then said. Once called. Maharaja Pururava renounced the elevation to Urvashi’s planet that he had achieved.made of stone. wood. Instead. the prescriptions for executing Deity worship are unlimited.” “Bathing and decoration are the most pleasing offerings in temple worship. in the association of devotees there is constant discussion of Me. he should associate with saintly devotees whose words cut off excessive attachment within the mind. Just as food is the life of all creatures. I am always pleased when devotees offer Me with love any insignificant thing. “My dear Lord. Such devotees are like a strong boat that comes to rescue persons about to drown in the ocean. and having his illusion cleared by transcendental knowledge. Instead. fear and ignorance also vanish when one engages in serving the devotees of the Lord.” “O greatly fortunate Uddhava. actually. paint. What more. earth.

illusory nature of material objects. a foolish prisoner may distinguish between superior and inferior positions. rich and poor. There are two main kinds of material duality. the Supreme Soul whose presence surcharges the entire bodyand the Deity.” “If a devotee engages in devotional service with no thought of fruitive results. and as opulently as possible.” A devotee wants to live with Krishna. being convinced that they cannot be the ultimate reality. One should praise the mentality and activities of pure devotees. nice garlands. must share in the reaction. While bathing the Deity. such as the Purusha-sukta.such as. one achieves a transcendental form like My own.he does not aspire for any high or low position in this material world. beautiful and ugly. and aguru. The devotee should then lovingly dress the Deity. the Supreme Lord manifests the material world so that the rebellious jivas can feel that they are predominating. one can become ruler of the three worlds. so that the worship can go on very nicely. markets and villages. is the conception that the whole material manifestation is separate from. Anyone who steals the property of a demigod or brahmana. . while the Deity is entertained with singing and dancing. and criticize the materialistic attitude of rebellion against the Supreme Lord. must live as a worm in stool for one hundred million years.” The Supreme Lord then said. These automatically manifest in the bodily concept of life. one goes to the planet of Lord Brahma. But. A free man. will achieve opulence equal to My own. When a person thoroughly understands the temporary. and he should offer fragrant oils. The living entities are constitutionally eternal servants of Krishna. when one desires to give up that service and become the lord. considers any situation behind bars to be unacceptable. in his next life. By building a temple. Those who assist such robbery. heat and cold.should know that I. anyone who offers the Deity land. there must be something inferior for him to lord it over. and by doing all of these. Thus. First. and a sacred thread. camphor. he is inviting the Paramatma to appear before him to accept his offerings.are one and the same. and he becomes freed from material attachment. When the decoration is finished. then he can no longer remain absorbed in concepts of duality. Second. one can become king of the earth. By installing the Deity. In jail. then He comes back to Me. using water scented with sandalwood. By worshiping and serving the Deity. a mirror should be offered and then nice food should be given. however. good and bad. or even simply approve of it. “One should neither praise nor criticize the nature or activities of the conditioned souls in this world. himself. He should feel that by worshiping the Deity. the Supreme Lord. In addition. even if given by himself. the worshiper should chant suitable prayers.” “The Deity should be bathed daily.” “Those who are able should build a good temple for the Deity. and surrounding gardens should provide flowers for the Lord’s service. while applying marks of tilaka. or independent of. Such consideration of material good versus bad entangles one in the duality of material existence and thus deviates him from his real self-interest. there are the opposites.

and the regulator of perception. which essentially means that we can either choose to serve Krishna or forget Him. But. and what blame is there if his senses happen to become agitated? What does it mean to the sun when clouds in the sky come and go? The Absolute Truth . he develops certain qualities and performs various kinds of work.” “The mind manifests in three phases of consciousness. and in this way. the Absolute Truth. In a similar way. and the material body in itself is not a conscious entity. and Who will exist after dissolution. though. when all of the jewelry is melted down. “The false ego of the conditioned soul can be cut off. Lord Krishna continued. as long as he wants to lord it over material nature. These false manifestations appear real to the conditioned souls simply because they are exhibited by the self-luminous Absolute Truth. under the force of time. even though it is meaningless. it is still gold alone that exists. How then. Birth and death. one should desist from all lusty engagements of sense gratification.” The conditioned soul runs here and there. they fall into illusion. sleep. For one who has realized Me as the Supreme Godhead. even when so many items of jewelry are present. can either of these experience the ignorance of material existence? The spirit soul is pure and self-luminous. his conditional life will not cease. for it is these that determine his next body. When they attempt to exploit the Lord’s inferior potency. “My dear Lord.a reflection may appear to be real. it is said that we have minute independence. At the end. Then. “One should understand the transcendental position of the Absolute Truth. and deep sleep. the perceived. because of the reality of the object that is reflected. that exists. In the human form of life. Who is it that actually undergoes the experience of conditional life?” The Supreme Personality of Godhead said. for it enables him to discriminate spirit from matter. Therefore. are experiences of the false ego (illusory identification with the body) and not the spirit soul. essentially. Who exists during the cosmic manifestation.” In simple terms. and then cut off his misidentification with matter. exists separately from all this. he assumes the form of his quality and work. one can comprehend the messages of Godhead. “As long as the soul remains attached to the material body. “ “Gold alone is present before the manufacture of so much jewelry. And it is just gold. The conditioned souls are the marginal potency of the Absolute Personality of Godhead. The Supreme Lord said. influence his future condition. Being satisfied with the soul’s natural ecstasy. the soul is endowed with pure knowledge. whereas the body is dull matter. as material nature creates his embodiments.the perceiver. as the fourth factor. what credit is there if his senses are concentrated in meditation on the Supreme. accepting their temporary embodiments as their selves. it is I alone Who existed before creation. his material existence will continue. But. later on. It is a fact that the soul is transcendental.Shri Uddhava said.wakefulness. with the sword of transcendental knowledge. though. When a living entity identifies with the material body and mind. one after another. as well as hankering and lamentation.and appears in three different roles.

” “My dear Uddhava. A chronic disease. may return to give distress to the patient. thus renouncing the desire to enjoy matter. The soul doesn’t deteriorate or change. again and again. a fallen transcendentalist will continue his progress in the next life. Just as the rising sun destroys all darkness. I feel that the practice You have prescribed is very difficult for one who cannot control his mind. Similarly. Therefore. or disciples. at the time of liberation. it is seen that when yogis try to fix their minds in samadhi. But. and so he does not engage himself in fruitive work.” It is easy to understand that the Absolute Truth never becomes overcome by ignorance and never entangled in material existence. due to her superior prowess. who are actually sent by envious demigods for that purpose. The practice of yogic postures and breathing exercises can keep the body youthful and free from disease. by the strength of his accumulated advancement. and the chanting of mantras can be helpful in this regard. or urinating. the mind that is not fully purified of its perverted tendencies may torment an aspiring devotee. “My dear Lord Achyuta. the use of medicinal herbs. those who are the best of yogis take shelter of Your lotus feet. Generally. When he once again reinstates himself in his constitutional position as the eternal servant of Krishna. how one can easily execute the process. Still. he knows that his body is just acting according to its own nature. and cannot be affected by matter. Sometimes. But what about the spirit soul. But. consciousness of Me destroys the darkness of ignorance. But. whose consciousness is fixed in the self. The performance of austerities. standing. he must very carefully avoid those things that are unfavorable for his advancement in Krishna consciousness. a man is driven to enjoy the female form. he remains lusty right up to the moment of death. but he “dreams” that his material condition is real. which are the source of all transcendental ecstasy.” Shri Uddhava said. who is a marginal energy? It is true that the soul is unchanging. they find it too difficult and become frustrated. the best method of all is the constant remembrance of Me by congregational hearing and chanting of My holy name. Such a wise man. But. The Supreme Lord said. The Supreme Lord said. While sitting. “A conditioned soul performs fruitive work. nor is the pure part and parcel spirit soul. if not fully treated.” By sexual association with women. aspiring transcendentalists may become deviated by various kinds of bodily disturbances. the reaction of which transforms his embodiment. such nescience fades away. those . friends. if the soul willfully tries to overlord the material nature. however. A self-realized soul has given up all material desires. the progress of an immature transcendentalist is checked by attachment to family members. does not even notice what his body is doing. because of this. please explain. he becomes bewildered. he once again shines forth in his true glory. “Until one has completely eliminated all material contamination. Indeed. in more simple terms. The temporary creation manifested by the illusory energy is accepted by the conditioned soul as real. But these can be counteracted as follows. walking. eating.” “O lotus-eyed Lord.is never affected by ignorance.

great demigods headed by Lord Brahma used to wait in line just to bow down and touch their helmets to the cushion where Your lotus feet had rested. because they were exclusively dependent upon You. outcastes.” “O greatly-effulgent Uddhava. cows and donkeys.rivalry among equals. Vishnu and Shivadisplayed His all-attractive smile and said. In a dangerous situation. a person who looks at all living entities with the understanding that I am present within each and every one. and abusiveness toward subordinates. a thief and a charitable man.” “My dear Uddhava. do not surrender unto You. envy of superiors. mind and words for realizing Me within all living beings. these bad tendencies are quickly destroyed. and who therefore offers respect to all. You showed intimate friendship with devotees like Hanuman. Knowing all this. Such a person sees equally a brahmana and an outcaste. I shall once again describe to you the principles of devotion unto Me whereby a mortal human being can conquer unconquerable death. is actually a wise man.even dogs. because I have personally established it.externally as the acharya. Lord Krishna. and disregarding the ridicule of one’s companions. First of all.” “O infallible Lord. internally. By chanting and dancing. despite knowing that You bestow all possible perfection upon those who take shelter of You? Who would accept someone else. one should take shelter of a holy place where My saintly devotees reside. Indeed.as well as pride due to false ego.to direct the fallen souls back to You. given the lifetime of Brahma. in celebrating all the festivals for worshiping Me. “Yes. could not fully express their indebtedness to You.it . as opulently as possible. By meditating upon My presence within all beings. Seeing Me within everyone. This should be practiced until one has fully developed the ability to see Me within all creatures. if one becomes afraid and cries out loudly and laments. who are engaged in the service of the dust of Your lotus feet?” “O my Lord! Even the most expert transcendental poets. and so are defeated by Your illusory energy. which leads to complete forgetfulness of You? What is lacking for us. it is not surprising that You reciprocate. I consider this process-utilizing one’s body. and internally as the Paramatma. one should offer obeisances before all. because You appear in two features. who would dare to reject You? Who could be so ungrateful. with those devotees who have taken complete shelter of You. During Your appearance as Lord Ramachandra.yogis who are too proud of their achievements. one should take part. And yet.to be the best method of spiritual enlightenment.who assumes the three forms of Brahma.” Those who are actually devotees feel that they can never repay their debt to the Lord for His having given them engagement in devotional service at His lotus feet. you can be certain that a devotee will never suffer even the slightest loss by adopting this process.falling flat upon the ground. for the sake of gaining material enjoyment. a gentle person and a cruel one.

the Lord showed Uddhava that. all the while engaging in My pure devotional service. when a person gives up all fruitive activities and offers himself entirely to Me. while his eyes flooded with tears. Anyone who regularly listens to this discourse with faith and attention. Indeed. who will not listen faithfully. will never again become bound by the reactions to fruitive work. anyone who does understand will become free from all doubts and attain liberation. but nevertheless full. he spoke as follows. my ignorance has been dispelled by Your merciful association. One who liberally distributes this knowledge among My devotees is the bestower of the Absolute Truth. do not reveal these teachings to anyone who is a hypocrite. Finally. In return for my insignificant surrender. in truth. if they have devotion for the Supreme Lord. it is accepted by Me as the true process of religion. “My dear Uddhava. who is not a devotee. who is dishonest. although I had fallen into the darkness of illusion. But. after steadying his mind. even if externally it appears to be completely useless. who is dedicated to the welfare of the devotees. everything. saintly and pure. if one cries out for My protection. touching it to Lord Krishna’s lotus feet. which emanated from My lotus feet. Shri Uddhava said. or if one makes an offering to Me without personal motivation. have you understood all of this? Has your confusion and lamentation become dispelled? But. This knowledge should be taught to one who is devoid of these bad qualities. But. By loudly reciting this treatise. Uddhava joined his hands to offer obeisances. Purify yourself by bathing in the holy waters of the Alakananda River.” “When an inquisitive person comes to understand this knowledge. being the Absolute Truth. for he reveals Me to others with the lamp of transcendental knowledge. with any gratitude. Dress in tree bark and eat whatever is easily available in the forest. description of the means for realizing the Absolute Truth.” “I have thus given you a brief. could give up Your Lordship for another master?” Uddhava had approached Lord Krishna. meditate upon these instructions that I have . The essence of this knowledge is very difficult to understand even for the demigods. Thus. With fixed attention. go now to Badarikashrama.and who is kind.is all in vain. good-natured and peaceful. Remain content. and comes to share My Own opulence. The Supreme Personality of Godhead said. He is Himself.” After hearing all this. day by day. Uddhava bowed his head. he could offer no reply. or who is overly proud. But. self-controlled.” “My dear friend Uddhava. one becomes purified. who is an atheist. Even women and shudras. he achieves liberation from birth and death. “My dear Lord. Then. What devotee. By His merciful instructions. there is nothing further for him to learn. should be accepted as qualified hearers. because his throat choked up due to love. and to him I give My very Own Self. there is nothing that is really separate from Him. being very afraid of impending separation. You have bestowed upon Your servant the torchlight of transcendental knowledge.

While drenching Shri Krishna’s lotus feet with his tears. Uddhava departed for Badarikashrama. Shri Shukadeva Gosvami prayed. because he could not bear the thought of giving up the Lord’s company. Finally. He has collected this nectarean essence of all knowledge and self-realization.” . Although he was now freed from all material influence. after placing Lord Krishna deeply within his heart.like a bee. Lord Shri Krishna. Uddhava bowed down again and again.” Uddhava circumambulated Krishna and then. you will be able to cross over the influence of the three modes of material nature and at last. “I offer my obeisances unto that greatest of all beings. Uddhava’s heart was breaking. he placed his head upon the Lord’s lotus feet. Just to destroy the devotees’ fear of material existence. come back to Me. he at last attained the Lord’s personal abode. placing the Lord’s slippers upon his head. In this way. After performing great austerities there.imparted to you. after falling flat upon the ground.