( ‫ ان ا دة اء ) ر‬

ni ( I 2 ) = nr ( I 2 ) + n( I 2 ) ⇒ n( I 2 ) = ni ( I 2 ) − nr ( I 2 ) :  ‫و‬
: MB ‫ ا *د ا‬4%N ‫ دة‬B‫ آ‬4‫ ه‬n( I 2 ) 
n ( I 2 ) = n ( AH ) = 3, 35.10 − 5 mol
4) (P ‫ ا‬Q-  ‫ و‬10mL 4) ‫*ﺝ*دة‬B ‫ ا‬B= ‫ ا‬OB‫ ﺕ‬B= ‫ه?> ا‬
n( AH ).82
nt ( AH ) =
= 2,89.10−4 mol . 78mL :*‫ ه‬2‫ا &(ﺕ‬
10
. m = nt ( AH ).M ( AH ) = 0, 05 g : 4‫ ه‬M= ‫و ا‬
:‫  اازن‬-4
− p K A1
K A1
10
K =
=
= 1 0 − p K A 1 + p K A 2 = 1, 4 1 -1
K A 2 1 0 − p K A2
.‫*ر‬R‫ ﺕ‬I *B-B ‫ أي أن ا‬Qr ,i = K = 1, 41  -2

:‫ا!یء‬
14
6

C.V − xm

--------

:‫وی‬#‫ ا‬$%‫ا‬
C → 174 N + − 10 e :S ‫  د ا‬-1

. N (t ) = N o .e− λ .t :4 TU‫ ا‬VK ‫ﻥ*ن ا‬K -2
N
. N (t 1 2 ) = o  JX ‫ ه* ا‬:WP ‫( ا‬B W( ‫ ﺕ‬-3
2
W(  ‫ ا‬73 
− λ .t 1
N
1
N (t 12 ) = N o .e 2 = o ⇒ e − λ.t 12 =
2
2
ln(2)
λ=
⇐ λ.t 1 2 = ln(2) : -‫ ﻥ‬ln ‫ل‬Y‫د‬Z‫و ﺏ‬
t 12
ln(2)
.λ =
= 1, 242.10−4 ans −1 : λ ‫ب‬3
5580ans
:*‫  ﻥ_ط  ه‬-4
a(t ) = λ.N (t ) = λ.No .e−λ.t = ao .e−λ.t ⇒ a(t ) = ao .e−λ.t
a(t ) = ao .e− λ .t  -5 
‫و‬

:‫اء‬
-1

+
C6 H 8O6 + H 2O
C6 H 7O6 + H 3O : ‫  د ا‬-1
n( AH )
m( AH )
AH = C6 H 8O6  C =
= 
-2
V
M ( AH ).V
0,5
.C =
= 1, 42.10−2 mol.l −1 :  ‫و‬
176.0.2
-3

+
C 6 H 8O6 + H 2 O
C 6 H 7 O6 + H 3O
C.V 
%& ‫ ا‬$ ‫ا‬
‫ﺏ*)(ة‬
0
0
-------C.V − x f
xf
x f &(-‫ﺕ‬.‫ن‬. 

 a (t ) 
a (t )
= e − λ .t ⇒ ln 
 = −λ .t ⇐
ao
 ao 

 a (t )  1
t = ln 
 . = 3341, 49ans
 ao  λ
‫ أي‬3341, 49ans − 1995ans = 1346ans ‫ ش )(*ن‬-6
.a‫& ا ر‬K ‫ ﺱ‬1346 4) ‫اﻥ ش‬
:&‫اﻥ‬
: 

J‫ *ﺕ‬
4‫ﻥ‬O ‫ا‬
‫ﻥ*ن‬2 ‫ا‬
b&R‫ﺏ‬
-r1
uuur
ur ur
: -‫ ﻥ‬AX ‫*ر‬$B ‫ ا‬LM c2‫ﺱ‬Z‫ و ﺏ‬P + R = m.a
‫ و‬Rx = 0 :‫ )ن‬MBd ‫=ك‬I‫ أن ا‬B‫ و ﺏ‬Px + Rx = m.ax

:  ‫ و‬Px = m.g.sin (α )

‫(آ‬$ ‫ و  ا‬ax = g .sin α = cte ⇐ m.g.sin α = m.ax
. ax = 5m.s −2 : ‫رع‬3 ‫م و ا‬/‫(ة ﺏﻥ‬h B23
1
: x = a.t 2 + Vo .t + xo : X ‫ د ا‬B ‫ ا‬-2
2
x = 2,5.t 2 :‫ أذن‬Vo = VA = 0 ‫ و‬xo = xA = 0 
‫ و‬VB = 5.tB : (3 ‫ب ا‬3 -3

xm

xm

:‫ )ن‬45* ‫ول ا‬- ‫ ا‬73 ‫ و‬τ =

Qr ,eq 

(/‫ﻥ‬.‫ن‬. 
xf
xm

:‫م‬2 ‫& ا‬3‫ﻥ‬

 H 3 O + 
⇐ τ=
⇐ x f =  H 3O +  .V ‫ و‬xm = C.V
C
10− pH
.‫ود‬$  ‫ ⇐ ا‬τ =
= 0, 07 = 7%
C
2
 H 3O +  .  A− 
 H 3O + 
eq
eq
=
= 
‫ رج ا‬-3
C −  H 3O + 
[ AH ]eq

(10 )
− pH

2

= 8,9.10−5 : ‫أي أن‬
C − 10− pH
.. pK A = 4, 05 ⇐ K A = Qr ,eq = 8,9.10−5
- II
: ‫ ﻡد ا‬1-2
C 6 H 8 O 6 + O H − → C 6 H 7 O 6− + H 2 O
: <)= ‫  ا‬2-2

>?‫ ه‬n(C6 H 8O6 ) = n(OH ) = CB .VBE = 2,88.10−4 mol
CB ‫ دة‬B‫ ⇐ آ‬VA = 10mL 4) ‫ ﺕ*ﺝ‬4 ‫ ا‬B= ‫ ا‬4‫ ه‬B= ‫ا‬
‫ و‬Vs = 100mL 4) ‫?اﺏ‬B ‫دة ا‬B ‫ ا‬B‫ آ‬4‫(ص ه‬2 ‫ ا‬4) F‫ﺱ=*رﺏ‬I‫ا‬ 
‫ و‬Qr ,eq =

ns = 2,88.10−3 mol ⇐

2,88.10−4 mol → VA = 10mL

: 
ns → Vs = 100mL
:4‫(ص ه‬2 ‫ ا‬4) ‫*اﺝ‬B ‫ ا‬C J ‫ دة ا‬B‫آ‬
ns = 2,88.10−3 mol
: mg ‫ ا ب‬3-2

ns =

m
⇒ m = ns .M ( AH ) = 0,5 g = 500mg
M ( AH )
. 500mg LM ‫*ي‬$ C J) ‫(ص‬K ‫أي آ‬
: ni ( I 2 ) %& ‫ ا *د ا‬4%N ‫ دة‬B‫ آ‬:  -3

‫ أن‬B‫ ﺏ‬ni ( I 2 ) = C2 .V2 = 5,3.10−3.10.10−3 = 5,3.10−5 mol
n( I 2 ) MB ‫ ا *د ا‬4%N ‫ دة‬B‫ ا *د *ﺝ ﺏ*)(ة )ن آ‬4%N
. 2‫ ا &(ﺕ‬4) ‫*ﺝ*دة‬B ‫ ا‬F‫ﺱ=*رﺏ‬I‫ ا‬CB n( AH ) ‫ دة‬B‫وي آ‬3‫ﺕ‬
. MB ‫ ا *د ا‬4%N ‫ دة‬B‫د آ‬$
:: 2&B ‫ ا‬nr ( I 2 ) ‫ ا *د‬4%N ‫ دة‬B‫ آ‬$‫ ﺕ‬J=B ‫ﻥ‬O ‫ (ة ا‬B ‫ﺏ‬
nr ( I 2 ) =

n( S 2O32− ) 5.10−3.7,8.10−3
=
= 1,95.10−5 mol
2
2

:$%‫(ب ا‬+ -4

VB = 5m.s −2 : ‫ و‬. ‫ع‬.‫ ت‬t B =

2
xB
= 1s ⇐ xB = 2,5.t B
2,5

1
ur
r
Ee1 = C.uC2 = 0.5.0, 2.10−6.102 = 10−5 J ⇐ t = 0 
P
=
m
.
a
:J‫ *ﺕ‬4‫ﻥ‬O ‫ﻥ*ن ا‬2 ‫ ا‬b&R‫ ﺏ‬: JX ‫ ا‬J ‫ د‬B ‫ ا‬1 -4
2
ax = 0
 Px = m.ax = 0
Ee 2 = 0,5.0, 2.10−6.52 = 25.10−7 J ⇐ uC = 5V ‫ أن‬t = 4T 
⇐

a y = g  Py = m.a y = mg
∆Ee = Ee1 − Ee 2
r
- II
‫*ر‬$B ‫ ا‬LM B/ B23 ( B, i ) ‫*ر‬$B ‫ ا‬LM ‫(آ‬$ ‫و  ا‬
r
-1
x = V Bx t + x o : X ‫ د ا‬B ‫ ( و  ا‬B, i )
‫&دة‬B ‫ ا‬KR ‫ ا‬C* ‫ ﺏ‬F ‫ﻥ ا ?ﺏ?ﺏت و ذ‬5 *‫*  ه‬B ‫دور ا‬
r
‫م‬/‫(ة ﺏﻥ‬h B23 ( B, j ) ‫*ر‬$B ‫ ا‬LM ‫(آ‬$ ‫و ا‬
. r T* ‫و ا‬2 4) ‫ *ل ﺝ*ل‬B‫ﺏ‬
‫ د‬B ‫ ا‬L ‫ إ‬5*‫ ﻥ‬2‫ﺏ‬3 ‫ ا‬2(R ‫ ا‬t‫ ﺏ‬: Mr ‫ د ا‬B ‫ ا‬-2
1
x
y = a y t 2 + V By t + y o
2
d u
1
r − K duC
2
. 2C +
+
.uC = 0 ⇐ :   ‫ ا‬Mr ‫ا‬
ur
dt
L dt LC
VB
:  =_ ‫ ا‬73
. K = r ‫ أن =*ن‬7- -3
V B x = V B co s α
x = 0
- III
y
‫و‬ o
t = 0 

V
=
V
sin
α
y
=
0

B
y
B
o


. uR (t ) OB Y2 ‫ و‬Z f R ‫ن‬I u (t ) OB Y1 -1
 x = VB cos α .t
U
4
 x = 4,3.t
 
‫ و‬Z o = m .R = .20 = 40Ω  -2
:  ‫و‬


1 2
U Rm
2
2
 y = 5.t + 2,5.t  y = gt + VB sin α .t

2
. Z o = R + r ⇒ r = Z o − R = 40 − 20 = 20Ω
x
1
‫ و‬t=
:n3‫ ﻥ‬x X ‫ د ا‬B ‫ ا‬J :‫ ﻡد ا(ر‬2-4
⇐ Lω =
:J‫  ا (ﻥ‬: L BK ‫ب‬3
VB cos α

g
1
1
y=
x 2 + x.tan α : ‫ إذن‬y ‫ د‬B ‫ ا‬4) C*  ‫ﺏ‬
=
= 0,5 H
N o = 50 Hz  . L =
2
2
2
2
2VB .cos (α )
C.ω
C.(2π .N o )
.Q-MT J ‫* &رة‬d)
U
Um
. Io =
= Rm = 0, 07 A :‫ة ا ر‬T -4
:‫*ط‬23 ‫ ة ا‬3-4
2.Z o
2.R
:  ‫ و‬xI = HI = 4,3m  ‫ و‬x = 2,15.t
: WO=B ‫ ا‬4R‫ (ﺏ‬J‫ ا *ﺕ( ا  ل ﺏ‬BK -5
x
4, 3
1
1
I R2 ‫ ا‬L ‫*ل إ‬5*M K(h3B ‫ة ا‬B ‫ ا‬4‫ ه‬t =
=
= 1s
U c = Z c .I o =
.I o =
.I o
4,
3
4,
3

C.2π .N o
: )(‫ ا‬4-4
2
U L , r = r 2 + ( Lω ) .I o = : T* ‫ ا‬4R‫ (ﺏ‬J‫ا *ﺕ( ﺏ‬
ur Vx = x& = 4,3
t = 1s ‫ )ن‬I R2 ‫  ا‬V 
2
1 
Vy = y& = g.t + VB sin α


M
‫و‬
B
J‫ﺏ‬
(‫ا *ﺕ‬
6
Z BM = r2 +  Lω −

Cω 
ur Vx = 4,3m.s −1
14243
V 
‫و‬
I 
=0
−1
Vy = 10.1 + 5.1 = 15m.s
U BM = r.I o  ‫ و‬J‫ه(ة ا (ﻥ‬u
VI = Vx2 + Vy2 = 4,32 + 152 = 15, 6m.s −1
:‫ا*)ء‬
uc + uL = 0 :  ‫) ا *ﺕ(ات‬r‫ﻥ*ن إ‬K b&R‫ ﺏ‬1-

d 2uC r duC
1
di
+
+
.uC = 0 ⇐ uC + ri + LC = 0 ⇐
2
dt
L dt LC
dt
duc
1
1 
‫ و‬i = C
‫ و‬Et = C.uC2 + L.i 2 : M= ‫ ا‬KR ‫ ا‬-2
dt
2
2
2
1
1  duC 
2
. Et = C.uC + L  C.

2
2 
dt 
dEt
du d 2u
duC
= C.uC .
+ LC 2 . C . 2C : M= ‫ ا‬KR ‫ق ا‬2T‫ ﺏ‬-3
dt
dt
dt dt
2
d u
uC . + LC 2C = −r.i :  Mr ‫ د ا‬B ‫ ا‬73
dt
dE
du
d 2u
. t = C. C (uC . + LC 2C ) = i. ( −r.i ) = −r.i 2 ⇐
dt
dt
dt