8 views

Uploaded by Ali AH

pdf

pdf

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Micro Fluidics Module Users Guide
- NR-220301- Mechanics of Fluids
- Fundamentals of Gas Dynamics, 2e - R. Zucker, O. Biblarz
- The Thermal Behavior Analysis in Tap-Hole Area
- Gas Properties
- Physical Properties of Hydraulic Fluids
- Donax-TD
- Daelim Pb All Grade
- energy eqn
- Lesson 2
- Fluid Mechanics
- LSDYNA FSI
- amu-NBA
- 153537421-General-Honsberg.pdf
- 2010 Exam
- Models.cfd.Pipe Elbow
- Gate
- IPC2012-90684
- Rheology Sucrose
- Eme

You are on page 1of 19

3, 397415

Unsteady Oscillatory Flow and Heat Transfer in a

Horizontal Composite Porous Medium Channel

J. C. Umavathi

1

, A. J. Chamkha

2

, A. Mateen

1

, A. Al-Mudhaf

2

1

Department of Mathematics Gulbarga University

Gulbarga, 585 106, India

2

Manufacturing Engineering Department

The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training

Shuweikh, 70654, Kuwait

achamkha@yahoo.com

Received: 2009-01-27 Revised: 2009-07-04 Published online: 2009-09-11

Abstract. The problem of unsteady oscillatory ow and heat transfer in a horizontal

composite porous medium is performed. The ow is modeled using the Darcy-Brinkman

equation. The viscous and Darcian dissipation terms are also included in the energy

equation. The partial differential equations governing the ow and heat transfer are

solved analytically using two-term harmonic and non-harmonic functions in both regions

of the channel. Effect of the physical parameters such as the porous medium parameter,

ratio of viscosity, oscillation amplitude, conductivity ratio, Prandtl number and the Eckert

number on the velocity and/or temperature elds are shown graphically. It is observed

that both the velocity and temperature elds in the channel decrease as either of the porous

medium parameter or the viscosity ratio increases while they increase with increases in

the oscillation amplitude. Also, increasing the thermal conductivity ratio is found to

suppress the temperature in both regions of the channel. The effects of the Prandtl and

Eckert numbers are found to decrease the thermal state in the channel as well.

Keywords: unsteady, composite porous medium, horizontal channel.

Nomenclature

A real positive constant s permeability of porous matrix

C

p

specic heat at constant pressure T temperature

Ec Eckert number T

w

wall temperature

h channel half width t time

K thermal conductivity u, v velocity components of velocity along

k ratio of thermal conductivities and perpendicular to the plates, resp.

m ratio of viscosities u

l

average velocity

P non-dimensional pressure gradient v

0

scale of suction

p pressure x, y Cartesian coordinates

Pr Prandtl number

397

J. C. Umavathi, A. J. Chamkha, A. Mateen, A. Al-Mudhaf

Greek letters

coefcient of periodic parameter t periodic frequency parameter

Kronecker delta kinematic viscosity

0

uid density porous medium parameter

uid dynamic viscosity non-dimensional temperature

frequency parameter

Subscripts

1, 2 quantities for region I and region II, respectively

eff effective value for porous matrix

Superscripts

dimensionless quantity

1 Introduction

In recent years considerable interest has been evidenced in the study of ow past a

porous medium because of its natural occurrence and importance in both geophysical

and engineering environments. Research on thermal interaction between heat generating

porous bed and overlying uid layer was largely motivated by the nuclear reactor severe

accident problems. Another area of nuclear engineering applications is the design of

pebble bed reactor which requires a proper understanding of forced convection through

packed beds under normal operating conditions and of free convection either in the case

of loss of coolant or during cold shut down. The applications also include problems

involving porous bearings [16], porous rollers [7], porous layer insulation consisting of

solid and porous media [8] and, in biomathematics. Composite uid and porous layers

also nd its application in porous journal bearings. Under high pressure conditions,

the lubricant is squeezed into the porous matrix which releases the uid as soon as the

pressure decreases thereby maintaining a liquid-lm between the shaft and in human

body hip and knee, etc., acts on a similar principle. The surfaces of the joint are articular

cartilage, a smooth rubbery material which is attached to the solid bone. The surface of the

articular cartilage is rough and porous, and hence, can trap the synovial uid. It has been

suggested that because of the porous nature of the articular cartilage, other lubricating

material is squeezed into the joint when it is under stress. One theory is that pressure

causes lubricating threads to squeeze out of the cartilage into the joint; one end of each

lubricating threads remains in the cartilage and as the pressure reduces, the threads are

pulled back into the holes. Zaturaska et al. [9] reported on the ow of viscous uid driven

along a channel by suction at porous walls. More recently, King and Cox [10] performed

an asymptotic analysis of the steady-state and time-dependent laminar porous channel

ows.

Problems involving multiphase ow and heat transfer and multi-component mass

transfer arise in a number of scientic and engineering disciplines and are important in the

petroleum extraction and transport. For example, the reservoir rock of an oil eld always

398

Unsteady Oscillatory Flow and Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Composite Porous Medium Channel

contains several immiscible uids in its pores. Part of the pore volume is occupied either

by oil or gas or both. Crude oils often contain dissolved gases which may be released

into the reservoir rock when the pressure decreases. There has been some theoretical

and experimental work on stratied laminar ow of two immiscible uids in a horizontal

pipe [1114]. Chamkha [15] reported analytical solutions for ow of two-immiscible

uids in porous and non-porous parallel-plates. Later on, MHD two-uid convective ow

and heat transfer in composite porous mediumwas analyzed by Malashetty et al. [1618].

All of the above studies pertain to steady ow. However, a signicant number of

problems of practical interest are unsteady. The ow unsteadiness may be caused by a

change in the free stream velocity or in the surface temperature or in both. When there is

an impulsive change in the velocity eld, the inviscid ow is developed instantaneously,

but the ow in the viscous layer near the wall is developed slowly which becomes fully

developed steady ow after sometime. Raptis and Kafousias [19] studied the inuence

of a magnetic eld on the steady free convection ow through a porous medium bounded

by an innite vertical isothermal plate with a constant suction velocity. Umavathi [20]

studied oscillatory ow of unsteady convective uid in a innite vertical stratum.

The objective of this paper is to consider unsteady owand heat transfer in a horizon-

tal composite channel consisting of two parallel permeable plates with half of the distance

between them lled by a uid-saturated porous layer and the other half by a clear viscous

uid.

2 Mathematical formulation

Consider unsteady, fully developed, laminar ow of an incompressible viscous uid

through a an innitely-long composite channel (see Fig. 1).

Fig. 1. Physical conguration.

The region h < y < 0 (region I) is lled with a porous matrix and the region

0 < y < h (region II) is occupied by a clear viscous uid. The two walls of the channel

are held at constant different temperatures T

w1

and T

w2

with T

w1

< T

w2

and the innite

399

J. C. Umavathi, A. J. Chamkha, A. Mateen, A. Al-Mudhaf

plates are placed horizontally. It should be noted here that since the plates of the channel

are assumed to be innite, all of the physical dependent variables except pressure will

only depend on y and t. The thermo-physical properties of the uid and the effective

properties of the porous medium are assumed constant. In region I, both the uid and the

porous matrix are assumed to be in local thermal equilibrium. Further, the ow in both

regions of the channel is assumed to be driven by a common pressure gradient (

P

x

) and

temperature gradient T = T

w1

T

w2

.

With the assumptions mentioned above, the governing equations of motion and

energy are:

v

i

y

= 0, (1)

0

_

u

i

t

+v

i

u

i

y

_

=

2

u

i

y

2

p

x

s

u

i

, (2)

0

C

p

_

T

i

t

+v

i

Y

i

y

_

=

K

2

T

i

y

2

_

u

i

y

_

2

+

s

u

2

i

, (3)

where i = 1, 2 gives equations for regions I and II, respectively, u is the x-component of

uid velocity, v is the y-component of uid velocity and T is temperature of the uid.

0

,

and C

p

are the uid density, dynamic viscosity and specic heat at constant pressure,

respectively. The parameter s is the porous medium permeability. The other coefcients

appearing in equations (2) and (3) are such that

=

eff

for porous matrix region,

= 1 for porous matrix region,

= 0 for clear uid region,

K

= K

eff

for porous matrix region,

K

= K for clear uid region.

The boundary conditions on velocity are the no-slip boundary conditions which

require that the x-component of velocity must vanish at the wall. The boundary conditions

on temperature are the isothermal conditions. It is also assumed that the velocity, shear

stress, temperature and heat ux at the interfaces are continuous.

The boundary and interface conditions on velocity for the two uids can then be

written as

u

1

(h) = 0, u

2

(h) = 0,

u

1

(0) = u

2

(0),

eff

u

1

y

=

u

2

y

at y = 0.

(4)

400

Unsteady Oscillatory Flow and Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Composite Porous Medium Channel

The thermal boundary and interface conditions for both uids are given by

T

1

(h) = T

w1

, T

2

(h) = T

w2

,

T

1

(0) = T

2

(0),

K

eff

T

1

y

= K

T

2

y

at y = 0.

(5)

The continuity equations of both uids (equation (1)) imply that, v

1

and v

2

are

independent of y, they can be utmost a function of time alone. Hence, we can write

(assuming v

1

= v

2

= v)

v = v

0

_

1 +Ae

it

_

, (6)

where A is real positive constant, is the frequency parameter and is small such that

A 1. Here, it is assumed that the transpiration velocity varies periodically with time

about a non-zero constant mean v

0

. When A = 0, the case of constant transpiration

velocity is recovered. By use of the following non-dimensional quantities

u

i

= u

1

u

i

, y =

v

0

y

, t =

v

2

0

t

, v = v

0

v

,

2

=

2

sv

2

0

,

P =

2

v

2

0

U

0

_

P

x

_

, =

T T

w2

T

w1

T

w2

, Ec =

U

2

0

C

p

T

.

(7)

Equations (2) and (3) are placed in dimensionless form as

u

i

t

+v

u

i

y

= A

i

2

u

i

y

2

2

u

i

P, (8)

i

t

+v

i

y

= B

i

i

y

2

+A

i

Ec

_

u

i

y

_

2

+

2

Ec u

2

i

, (9)

where i = 1, 2 gives equations for regions I and II and

A

1

= m, A

2

= 1, B

1

=

k

Pr

, B

2

=

1

Pr

.

Pr =

0Cp

K

, m =

eff

K

eff

K

is the ratio of thermal

conductivities.

The non-dimensional form of the hydrodynamic and thermal boundary and interface

conditions reduce to

u

1

(1) = 0, u

2

(1) = 0,

u

1

(0) = u

2

(0),

m

u

1

y

=

u

2

y

at y = 0;

(10)

401

J. C. Umavathi, A. J. Chamkha, A. Mateen, A. Al-Mudhaf

1

(1) = 1,

2

(1) = 0,

1

(0) =

2

(0),

k

1

y

=

2

y

at y = 0.

(11)

(The asterisks have been dropped for simplicity.)

3 Closed-form solutions

The governing momentum and energy equations (8) and (9) are solved subject to the

boundary and interface conditions (10) and (11) for the velocity and temperature distribu-

tions in both regions. These equations are coupled partial differential equations that can

not be solved in closed form. However, they can be reduced to set of ordinary differential

equations that can be solved analytically. This can be done by representing the velocity

and temperature as

u

i

(y, t) = u

i0

(y) +e

it

u

i1

(y) +O

_

2

_

+. . . , i = 1, 2, (12)

i

(y, t) =

i0

(y) +e

it

i1

(y) +O

_

2

_

+. . . , i = 1, 2. (13)

This is a valid assumption because of the choice of v as dened in equation (6) that the

amplitude A 1.

By substituting equations (12) and (13) into equations (8) to (9), equating the har-

monic and non-harmonic terms and neglecting the higher order terms of O(

2

), one

obtains the following pairs of equations for (u

i0

,

i0

) and (u

i1

,

i1

).

Non-periodic coefcients O(

0

)

A

i

d

2

u

i0

dy

2

+

du

i0

dy

2

u

i0

= P, (14)

B

i

d

2

i0

dy

2

+

d

i0

dy

= A

i

Ec

_

du

i0

dy

_

2

2

Ec u

2

i0

. (15)

Periodic coefcients O(

1

)

A

i

d

2

u

i1

dy

2

+

du

i1

dy

_

2

+i

_

u

i1

= A

du

i0

dy

, (16)

B

i

d

2

i1

dy

2

+

d

i1

dy

i

i1

= A

du

i0

dy

2Ec A

i

du

i0

dy

du

i1

dy

2

2

Ec u

i0

u

i1

. (17)

Using equations (12) and (13), the boundary and interface conditions may be writ-

ten as:

u

1i

(1) = 0, u

2i

(1) = 0,

u

1i

(0) = u

2i

(0),

m

u

1i

y

=

u

2i

y

at y = 0;

(18)

402

Unsteady Oscillatory Flow and Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Composite Porous Medium Channel

1i

(1) = 1

1i

,

2i

(1) = 0,

1i

(0) =

2i

(0),

k

1i

y

=

2i

y

at y = 0,

(19)

where i = 0, 1 gives the boundary and interface conditions for non-periodic (O(

0

)) and

periodic (O(

1

)) coefcients, respectively and

1i

is the Kronecker delta.

Without going into detail, solution of the equations (14) to (17) using the boundary

and interface conditions (18) and (19) can be written as

u

10

=C

1

e

m1y

+C

2

e

m2y

2

, (20)

u

20

=C

3

+C

4

e

y

+Py, (21)

10

=C

5

+C

6

e

m4y

+k

8

y +k

10

e

m1y

+k

11

e

m2y

+k

12

e

2m1y

+k

13

e

2m2y

+k

14

e

m5y

, (22)

20

= C

7

+C

8

e

Pr y

+k

15

e

2y

+k

16

e

y

+k

17

y, (23)

u

11

=e

e1y

(XC

9

cos F

1

y +XC

10

sin F

1

y) +E

2

e

m1y

+E

3

e

m2y

+i

_

e

e1y

(Y C

9

cos F

1

y +Y C

10

sin F

1

y) +F

2

e

m1y

+F

3

e

m2y

, (24)

u

21

=e

e4y

(XC

11

cos F

4

y +XC

12

sin F

4

y)

+i

_

e

e4y

(Y C

11

cos F

4

y +Y C

12

sin F

4

y) +

A

(C

4

e

y

+P)

_

, (25)

11

=e

e5y

(XC

13

cos F

5

y+XC

14

sin F

5

y)+P

23

e

2m1y

+P

24

e

2m2y

+E

7

e

m4y

+P

25

e

m5y

+P

26

e

m1y

+P

27

e

m2y

+e

m6y

(P

28

cos F

1

y+P

29

sin F

1

y)

+e

m7y

(P

30

cos F

1

y+P

31

sin F

1

y)+e

e1y

(P

32

cos F

1

y+P

33

sin F

1

y)

+i

_

e

e5y

(Y C

13

cos F

5

y+Y C

14

sinF

5

y)+Q

23

e

2m1y

+Q

24

e

2m2y

+F

7

e

m4y

+Q

25

e

m5y

+Q

26

e

m1y

+Q

27

e

m2y

+e

m6y

(Q

28

cos F

1

y+Q

29

sin F

1

y)

+e

m7y

(Q

30

cos F

1

y+Q

31

sin F

1

y)

+e

e1y

(Q

32

cos F

1

y+Q

33

sin F

1

y)+K

18

, (26)

21

=e

e27y

(XC

15

cos F

27

y+XC

16

sin F

27

y)+P

44

e

2y

+P

45

e

y

+e

m8y

(P

46

cos F

4

y+P

47

sin F

4

y)+e

E4y

(P

48

cos F

4

y+P

49

sinF

4

y)

+i

_

e

e27y

(XC

15

cos F

27

y+XC

16

sin F

27

y)+P

44

e

2y

+P

45

e

y

+k

28

e

Pr y

+e

m8y

(P

46

cos F

4

y+P

47

sinF

4

y)

+e

e4y

(P

48

cos F

4

y+P

49

sin F

4

y)+k

29

. (27)

It should be noted that all of the constants appearing in the above solutions are dened in

Appendix section.

403

J. C. Umavathi, A. J. Chamkha, A. Mateen, A. Al-Mudhaf

4 Results and discussion

The problemof unsteady ow and heat transfer in a horizontal composite porous medium

channel is investigated analytically. The closed-formsolutions are reported for small such

that oscillation amplitude A 1. The solution of non-periodic and periodic coefcients

of e

it

is evaluated for various parametric conditions. The results are depicted graphically

in Figs. 2 to 10.

Figs. 2 and 3 display the effect of the porous medium parameter on the velocity

and temperature proles, respectively. As the porous medium parameter increases, the

velocity and temperature decrease in both regions of the channel. This is expected since

the porous matrix represents an obstacle to ow and therefore, reduces its velocity and

temperature. This result is also similar to the case of fully developed ow through a

porous medium as predicted by Rudraiah and Nagraj [21].

Fig. 2. Velocity proles for different values

of the porous medium parameter .

Fig. 3. Temperature proles for different

values of the porous medium parameter .

Fig. 4 depicts the effect of Prandtl number on the temperature proles. The Prandtl

number is the ratio of momentumdiffusion to heat diffusion. It is a measure of the relative

importance of viscosity and heat conduction in a ow eld. Thus, as the Prandtl number

increases, the viscous forces dominate over heat conduction and hence, the temperature

decreases. This is obvious from Fig. 4.

Fig. 5 presents the effect of the Eckert number on the temperature proles. Physically

speaking, the Eckert number represents the effects of the viscous and porous medium dis-

sipations. As the Eckert number increases, the temperature eld in the channel decreases.

The magnitude of reduction in the temperature eld in region II is larger compared to that

in region I.

The effect of the viscosity ratio m on the velocity and temperature proles is shown

in Figs. 6 and 7, respectively. As the viscosity ratio increases, both the velocity and

temperature proles are decreased. This is due to the fact that as the uid viscosity

404

Unsteady Oscillatory Flow and Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Composite Porous Medium Channel

increases, the uid in both regions of the channel becomes thicker and hence the ow

velocity is reduced causing the temperature distribution to reduce as well.

Fig. 4. Temperature proles for different

values of the Prandtl number Pr.

Fig. 5. Temperature proles for different

values of the Eckert number Ec.

Fig. 6. Velocity proles for different values

of the ratio of viscosities m.

Fig. 7. Temperature proles for different

values of the ratio of viscosities m.

Fig. 8 displays the inuence of the thermal conductivity ratio k on the temperature

proles. Increases in the thermal conductivity ratio have the tendency to cool down the

thermal state in the channel. This is depicted in the reduction in the uid temperatures as

k increases as shown in Fig. 8.

Figs. 9 and 10 illustrate the effect of the oscillation amplitude A on the velocity and

temperature elds, respectively. It should be reminded that the oscillation amplitude was

assumed to be small in evaluating the analytical solutions i.e. A 1. The condition of

A = 0 is for steady state solutions. It is clear from Figs. 9 and 10 that as the oscillation

amplitude increases, both the velocity and temperature proles increase in both regions

of the channel.

405

J. C. Umavathi, A. J. Chamkha, A. Mateen, A. Al-Mudhaf

Fig. 8. Temperature proles for different

values of the ratio of conductivities k.

Fig. 9. Velocity proles for different values

of the oscillation amplitude A.

Fig. 10. Temperature proles for different

values of the oscillation amplitude A.

5 Conclusions

The problem of unsteady ow of a viscous uid through a horizontal composite channel

whose half width is lled with a uniform layer of porous media in the presence of time-

dependent oscillatory wall transpiration velocity was investigated analytically. Both the

uid and the porous matrix were assumed to have constant physical properties. Separate

closed-form solutions for each region of the channel were obtained taking into conside-

ration suitable interface matching conditions. The closed-form results were numerically

evaluated and presented graphically for various values of the porous medium parameter,

viscosity and thermal conductivity ratios, oscillation amplitude and the Prandtl and Eckert

numbers.

It was predicted that both the velocity and temperature proles decreased as either

406

Unsteady Oscillatory Flow and Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Composite Porous Medium Channel

of the porous medium parameter or the viscosity ratio was increased. Furthermore, it

was concluded that the temperature eld decreased as either of the Prandtl number, the

Eckert number or the thermal conductivity ratio increased. However, both the velocity and

temperature elds in the channel increased as the oscillation amplitude was increased.

It can be concluded that the ow and heat transfer aspects in a horizontal composite

channel with permeable walls can be controlled by considering different combinations of

uids and porous media having different viscosities, conductivities and also by varying

the amplitude of the transpiration velocity at the boundary.

Appendix

B

1

= 2k

2

m

6

+ 1, B

2

= k

2

m

2

6

+m

6

k

2

F

2

1

, B

3

= B

2

2

+

2

B

2

1

F

2

1

,

B

4

= 2k

2

m

7

+ 1, B

5

= k

2

m

2

7

+m

7

k

2

F

2

1

, B

6

= B

2

5

+

2

B

2

4

F

2

1

,

B

7

= 2k

2

e

1

+ 1, B

8

= k

2

e

2

1

+e

1

k

2

F

2

1

, B

9

= B

2

8

+

2

B

2

7

F

2

1

,

B

10

= 2m

8

+Pr, B

11

= m

2

8

+Pr m

8

F

2

4

, B

12

= B

2

11

+

2

Pr

2

B

2

10

F

2

4

,

B

13

= 2e

4

+Pr, B

14

= e

2

4

+Pr e

4

F

2

4

, B

15

= B

2

14

+

2

Pr

2

B

2

13

F

2

4

;

C

1

=

(l

3

e

m2

2

+l

2

P)

2

(l

1

e

m2

l

2

e

m1

)

, C

2

=

(P C

1

e

m1

2

)

2

e

m2

,

C

3

= C

1

+C

2

C

4

2

, C

4

= P m(m

1

C

1

m

2

C

2

),

C

5

= C

6

e

m4

l

4

, C

6

=

l

9

l

4

e

m4

l

8

,

C

7

= C

5

+C

6

C

8

l

6

, C

8

=

(km

4

C

6

+l

7

)

Pr

;

D

1

= 2B

2

1

B

2

, D

2

= 2B

1

B

2

1

B

1

B

3

, D

3

= B

3

B

2

,

D

4

= 2B

1

B

2

, D

5

= 2B

2

4

B

5

, D

6

= 2B

4

B

2

5

B

4

B

6

,

D

7

= B

6

B

5

, D

8

= 2B

4

B

5

, D

9

= 2B

2

7

B

8

,

D

10

= 2B

7

B

2

8

B

7

B

9

, D

11

= B

9

B

8

, D

12

= 2B

7

B

8

,

D

13

= 2B

2

10

B

11

, D

14

= 2B

10

B

2

11

B

10

B

12

, D

15

= B

11

B

12

,

D

16

= 2PrB

10

B

11

, D

17

= 2B

2

13

B

14

, D

18

= 2B

13

B

2

14

B

13

B

15

,

D

19

= B

14

B

15

, D

20

= 2PrB

13

B

14

;

e

1

=

1 +

r

1

cos(

1

/2)

2m

, e

2

=

2Am

1

C

1

(mm

2

1

+m

1

2

)

(mm

2

1

+m

1

2

)

2

+

2

,

e

3

=

Am

2

C

2

(mm

2

2

+m

2

2

)

(mm

2

2

+m

2

2

)

2

+

2

, e

4

=

1 +

r

2

cos(

2

/2)

2

,

407

J. C. Umavathi, A. J. Chamkha, A. Mateen, A. Al-Mudhaf

e

5

=

1 +

r

3

cos(

3

/2)

2k

2

, e

5a

=

2Am

1

k

12

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

(4km

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

2

+

2

,

e

6

=

2Am

2

k

13

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

2

+

2

, e

7

=

Am

4

C

6

(k

2

m

2

4

+m

4

)

(k

2

m

2

4

+m

4

)

2

+

2

,

e

8

=

Am

5

k

14

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

2

+

2

, e

9

=

Am

1

k

10

(k

2

m

2

1

+m

1

)

(k

2

m

2

1

+m

1

)

2

+

2

,

e

10

=

2Am

2

k

11

(k

2

m

2

2

+m

2

)

(k

2

m

2

2

+m

2

)

2

+

2

, e

11

=

2Ec mm

2

1

C

1

e

2

(4k

2

m

2

1

+2m

1

)

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

2

+

2

,

e

12

=

2Ec mm

2

2

C

2

e

3

(4k

2

m

2

2

+2m

2

)

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

2

+

2

, e

13

=

2Ec mk

21

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

2

+

2

,

e

14

=

2Ec mm

2

1

C

1

F

2

(4k

2

m

2

1

+2m

1

)

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

2

+

2

, e

15

=

2Ec mm

2

2

C

2

F

3

(4k

2

m

2

2

+2m

2

)

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

2

+

2

,

e

16

=

2Ec mk

22

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

2

+

2

, e

17

=

2Ec

2

C

1

e

2

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

2

+

2

,

e

18

=

2Ec

2

C

2

e

3

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

2

+

2

, e

19

=

2Ec

2

k

26

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

2

+

2

,

e

20

=

2Ec Pe

2

(k

2

m

2

1

+m

1

)

(k

2

m

2

1

+m

1

)

2

+

2

, e

21

=

2Ec Pe

3

(k

2

m

2

2

+m

2

)

(k

2

m

2

2

+m

2

)

2

+

2

,

e

22

=

2Ec

2

C

1

F

2

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

2

+

2

, e

23

=

2Ec

2

C

2

F

3

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

2

+

2

,

e

24

=

2Ec

2

k

27

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

2

+

2

, e

25

=

2Ec PF

2

(k

2

m

2

1

+m

1

)

(k

2

m

2

1

+m

1

)

2

+

2

,

e

26

=

2Ec PF

3

(k

2

m

2

2

+m

2

)

(k

2

m

2

2

+m

2

)

2

+

2

, e

27

=

Pr +

r

4

cos(

4

/2)

2

,

e

28

=

2PrAk

15

(4 2Pr)

(4 2Pr)

2

+

2

Pr

2

, e

29

=

PrAPk

16

(1 Pr)

(1 Pr)

2

+

2

Pr

2

,

e

30

=

2Ec PrAC

2

4

(4 2Pr)

((4 2Pr)

2

+

2

Pr

2

)

, e

31

=

2Ec PrAC

4

(1 Pr)

((1 Pr)

2

+

2

Pr

2

)

;

F

1

=

r

1

sin(

1

/2)

2m

, F

2

=

Am

1

C

1

(mm

2

1

+m

1

2

)

2

+

2

,

F

3

=

Am

2

C

2

(mm

2

2

+m

2

2

)

2

+

2

, F

4

=

r

2

sin(

2

/2)

2

,

F

5

=

r

3

sin(

3

/2)

2k

2

, F

5a

=

2Am

1

k

12

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

2

+

2

,

408

Unsteady Oscillatory Flow and Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Composite Porous Medium Channel

F

6

=

2Am

2

k

13

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

2

+

2

, F

7

=

Am

4

C

6

(k

2

m

2

4

+m

4

)

2

+

2

,

F

8

=

Am

5

k

14

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

2

)

2

+

2

, F

9

=

Am

1

k

10

(k

2

m

2

1

+m

1

)

2

+

2

,

F

10

=

Am

2

k

11

(k

2

m

2

2

+m

2

)

2

+

2

, F

11

=

2Ec mm

2

1

C

1

e

2

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

2

+

2

,

F

12

=

2Ec mm

2

2

C

2

e

3

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

2

+

2

, F

13

=

2Ec mk

21

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

2

+

2

,

F

14

=

2Ec mm

2

1

C

1

F

2

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

2

+

2

, F

15

=

2Ec mm

2

2

C

2

F

3

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

2

+

2

,

F

16

=

2Ec mk

22

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

2

+

2

, F

17

=

2Ec

2

C

1

e

2

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

2

+

2

,

F

18

=

2Ec

2

C

2

e

3

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

2

+

2

, F

19

=

2Ec

2

k

26

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

2

+

2

,

F

20

=

2Ec Pe

2

(k

2

m

2

1

+m

1

)

2

+

2

, F

21

=

2Ec Pe

2

(k

2

m

2

2

+m

2

)

2

+

2

,

F

22

=

2Ec

2

C

1

F

2

(4k

2

m

2

1

+ 2m

1

)

2

+

2

, F

23

=

2Ec

2

C

2

F

3

(4k

2

m

2

2

+ 2m

2

)

2

+

2

,

F

24

=

2Ec

2

k

27

(k

2

m

2

5

+m

5

)

2

+

2

, F

25

=

2Ec PF

2

(k

2

m

2

1

+m

1

)

2

+

2

,

F

26

=

2Ec PF

3

(k

2

m

2

2

+m

2

)

2

+

2

, F

27

=

r

4

sin(

4

/2)

2

,

F

28

=

2Pr

2

Ak

15

(4 2Pr)

2

+

2

Pr

2

, F

29

=

Pr

2

Ak

16

(1 Pr)

2

+

2

Pr

2

,

F

30

=

2Ec Pr

2

AC

2

4

(4 2Pr)

2

+

2

Pr

2

, F

29

=

2Ec Pr

2

AC

4

(1 Pr)

2

+

2

Pr

2

;

k

2

=

k

Pr

, k

3

=

mEc m

2

1

C

2

1

4m

2

1

k

2

+ 2m

1

, k

4

=

mEc m

2

2

C

2

2

4m

2

2

k

2

+ 2m

2

,

k

5

=

2mEc m

1

m

2

C

1

C

2

m

2

5

k

2

+ m

5

, k

6

=

2

Ec C

2

1

4m

2

1

k

2

+ 2m

1

, k

7

=

2

Ec C

2

2

4m

2

2

k

2

+ 2m

2

,

k

8

=

Ec P

2

2

, k

9

=

2

2

Ec C

1

C

2

m

2

5

k

2

+m

5

, k

10

=

2Ec C

1

P

m

2

1

k

2

+m

1

,

k

11

=

2Ec C

2

P

m

2

2

k

2

+m

2

, k

12

= k

3

+k

6

, k

13

= k

4

+k

7

,

k

14

= k

5

+k

9

, k

15

=

Ec PrC

2

4

4 2Pr

, k

16

=

2Ec Pr PC

4

1 Pr

,

409

J. C. Umavathi, A. J. Chamkha, A. Mateen, A. Al-Mudhaf

k

17

= Ec P

2

, k

18

=

Ak

8

, k

19

=

2Ec mm

1

C

1

4B

2

1

B

2

2

F

2

1

+B

2

3

,

k

20

=

2Ec mm

2

C

2

4B

2

4

B

2

5

F

2

1

+B

2

6

, k

21

=m

1

m

2

(C

1

e

3

+C

2

e

2

), k

22

=m

1

m

2

(C

1

F

3

+C

2

F

2

),

k

23

=

2Ec

2

C

1

4B

2

1

B

2

2

F

2

1

+B

2

3

, k

24

=

2Ec

2

C

2

4B

2

4

B

2

5

F

2

1

+B

2

6

, k

25

=

2Ec P

2

(4B

2

7

B

2

8

F

2

1

+B

2

9

)

,

k

26

= C

1

e

3

+C

2

e

2

, k

27

= C

1

F

3

+C

2

F

2

, k

28

=

PrAC

8

,

k

29

=

Ak

17

, k

30

=

2Ec PrC

4

4B

2

10

B

2

11

F

2

4

+B

2

12

, k

31

=

2Ec Pr P

4B

2

13

B

2

14

F

2

4

+B

2

15

)

;

l

1

= 1 (e

1

1)mm

1

, l

2

= 1 (e

1

1)mm

2

, l

3

= Pe

1

2

,

l

4

= k

8

+ k

10

e

m1

+k

11

e

m2

+k

12

e

2m1

+k

13

e

2m2

+k

14

e

m5

1,

l

5

= k

15

e

2

+k

16

e

1

+k

17

, l

6

= k

10

+k

11

+k

12

+k

13

+k

14

k

15

k

16

,

l

7

= k(k

8

+m

1

k

10

+m

2

k

11

+ 2m

1

k

12

+ 2m

2

k

13

+m

5

k

14

) + 2k

15

+k

16

k

17

,

l

8

= 1

km

4

(e

Pr

1)

Pr

, l

9

= l

5

+l

6

l

7

(e

Pr

1)

Pr

,

l

10

= e

e1

cos F

1

, l

11

= e

e1

sin F

1

,

l

12

= e

2

e

m1

+e

3

e

m2

, l

13

= F

2

e

m1

+F

3

e

m2

,

l

14

= e

e4

cos F

4

, l

15

= e

e4

sin F

4

,

l

16

=

A

_

C

4

e

1

+P

_

, l

17

= e

2

+e

3

,

l

18

= F

2

+F

3

(C

4

+P), l

19

= m(m

1

e

2

+m

2

e

3

),

l

20

= m(m

1

F

2

+m

2

F

3

) +

AC

4

, l

21

=

F

4

l

14

l

15

e

4

;

l

22

=

F

4

l

16

l

15

+L

20

, l

23

= me

1

+l

21

, l

24

= l

21

l

17

+l

19

,

l

25

= l

21

l

18

+l

22

, l

26

= e

e5

cos F

5

, l

27

= e

e5

sin F

5

,

l

28

= P

23

e

2m1

+P

24

e

2m2

+e

7

e

m4

+P

25

e

m5

+P

26

e

m1

+P

27

e

m2

+e

m6

(P

28

cos F

1

P

29

sin F

1

) +e

m7

(P

30

cos F

1

P

31

sin F

1

)

+e

e1

(P

32

cos F

1

P

33

sin F

1

),

l

29

= Q

23

e

2m1

+Q

24

e

2m2

+F

7

e

m4

+Q

25

e

m5

+Q

26

e

m1

+Q

27

e

m2

+e

m6

(Q

28

cos F

1

Q

29

sin F

1

) +e

m7

(Q

30

cos F

1

Q

31

sin F

1

)

+e

e1

(Q

32

cos F

1

Q

33

sinF

1

) +k

18

,

l

30

= e

e27

cos F

27

, l

31

= e

e27

sin F

27

,

410

Unsteady Oscillatory Flow and Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Composite Porous Medium Channel

l

32

= P

44

e

2

+P

45

e

1

+e

m8

(P

46

cos F

4

P

47

sinF

4

)

+e

e4

(P

48

cos F

4

+P

49

sin F

4

),

l

33

= Q

44

e

2

+ Q

45

e

1

+e

m8

(Q

46

cos F

4

+Q

47

sin F

4

)

+e

e4

(Q

48

cos F

4

+Q

49

sin F

4

) +k

28

e

Pr

+k

29

,

l

34

= P

23

+P

24

+e

7

+P

25

+P

26

+P

27

+P

28

+P

30

+P

32

P

44

P

45

P

46

P

48

,

l

35

= Q

23

+Q

24

+F

7

+Q

25

+Q

26

+Q

27

+Q

28

+Q

30

+Q

32

Q

44

Q

45

Q

46

Q

48

k

28

k

29

,

l

36

= k(2m

1

P

23

+ 2m

2

P

24

+m

4

e

7

+m

5

P

25

+m

1

P

26

+m

2

P

27

+m

6

P

28

+F

1

P

29

+m

7

P

30

+F

1

P

31

+e

1

P

32

+F

1

P

33

)

+ 2P

44

+P

45

m

8

P

46

F

4

P

47

e

4

P

48

F

4

P

49

,

l

37

= k(2m

1

Q

23

+ 2m

2

Q

24

+m

4

F

7

+m

5

Q

25

+m

1

Q

26

+m

2

Q

27

+m

6

Q

28

+F

1

Q

29

+m

7

Q

30

+F

1

Q

31

+e

1

Q

32

+F

1

Q

33

)

+ 2Q

44

+Q

45

m

8

Q

46

F

4

Q

47

e

4

Q

48

F

4

Q

49

+Prk

28

,

l

38

=

F

27

l

30

l

31

e

27

, l

39

=

F

27

l

32

l

31

+l

36

, l

40

=

F

27

l

33

l

31

+l

37

,

l

41

= ke

5

+l

38

, l

42

= l

38

l

34

+l

39

, l

43

= l

38

l

35

+l

40

;

m

1

=

1 +sqrt1 + 4

m

2m

, m

2

=

1 sqrt1 + 4

m

2m

,

m

4

=

1

k

2

, m

5

= m

1

+m

2

;

P

1

= e

1

XC

9

+F

1

XC

10

, P

2

= e

1

XC

10

F

1

XC

9

,

P

3

= D

1

F

2

1

P

1

+D

2

F

1

P

2

+D

3

P

1

, P

4

= D

1

F

2

1

P

2

D

2

F

1

P

1

+D

3

P

2

,

P

5

= D

5

F

2

1

P

1

+D

5

F

1

P

2

+D

7

P

1

, P

6

= D

5

F

2

1

P

2

D

6

F

1

P

1

+D

7

P

2

,

P

7

= D

1

F

2

1

Q

1

+D

2

F

1

P

2

+D

3

P

1

, P

8

= D

1

F

2

1

Q

2

D

2

F

1

Q

1

+D

3

Q

2

,

P

9

= D

5

F

2

1

Q

1

+D

5

F

1

Q

2

+D

7

Q

1

, P

10

= D

5

F

2

1

Q

2

D

6

F

1

Q

1

+D

7

Q

2

,

P

11

= D

1

F

2

1

XC

9

+D

2

F

1

XC

10

+D

3

XC

9

,

P

12

= D

1

F

2

1

XC

10

D

2

F

1

XC

9

+D

3

XC

10

,

P

13

= D

5

F

2

1

XC

9

+D

6

F

1

XC

10

+D

7

XC

9

,

P

14

= D

5

F

2

1

XC

10

D

6

F

1

XC

9

+D

7

XC

10

,

P

15

= D

9

F

2

1

XC

9

+D

10

F

1

XC

10

+D

11

XC

9

,

P

16

= D

9

F

2

1

XC

10

D

10

F

1

XC

9

+D

11

XC

10

,

P

17

= D

1

F

2

1

Y C

9

+D

2

F

1

Y C

10

+D

3

Y C

9

,

P

18

= D

1

F

2

1

Y C

10

D

2

F

1

Y C

9

+D

3

Y C

10

,

411

J. C. Umavathi, A. J. Chamkha, A. Mateen, A. Al-Mudhaf

P

19

= D

5

F

2

1

Y C

9

+D

6

F

1

Y C

10

+D

7

Y C

9

,

P

20

= D

5

F

2

1

Y C

10

D

6

F

1

Y C

9

+D

7

Y C

10

,

P

21

= D

9

F

2

1

Y C

9

+D

10

F

1

Y C

10

+D

11

Y C

9

,

P

22

= D

9

F

2

1

Y C

10

D

10

F

1

Y C

9

+D

11

Y C

10

,

P

23

= e

5a

+e

11

F

14

+e

17

F

22

, P

24

= e

6

+e

12

F

15

+e

18

F

23

,

P

25

= e

8

+e

13

F

16

+e

19

F

24

, P

26

= e

9

+e

20

F

25

,

P

27

= e

10

+e

21

F

26

, P

28

= k

19

(P

3

Q

7

)+k

23

(P

11

Q

17

),

P

29

= k

19

(P

4

Q

8

)+k

23

(P

12

Q

18

), P

30

= k

20

(P

5

Q

9

)+k

24

(P

13

Q

19

),

P

31

= k

20

(P

6

Q

10

)+k

24

(P

14

Q

20

), P

32

= k

25

(P

15

Q

21

),

P

33

= k

25

(P

16

Q

22

), P

34

= e

4

XC

11

+F

4

XC

12

,

P

35

= e

4

XC

12

F

4

XC

11

, P

36

=D

13

F

2

4

P

34

+D

14

F

4

P

35

+D

15

P

34

,

P

37

= D

13

F

2

4

P

35

D

14

F

4

P

34

+D

15

P

35

,

P

38

= D

17

F

2

4

P

34

+D

18

F

4

P

35

+D

19

P

34

,

P

39

= D

17

F

2

4

P

35

D

18

F

4

P

34

+D

19

P

35

,

P

40

= D

13

F

2

4

Q

34

+D

14

F

4

Q

35

+D

15

Q

34

,

P

41

= D

13

F

2

4

Q

35

D

14

F

4

Q

34

+D

15

Q

35

,

P

42

= D

17

F

2

4

Q

34

+D

18

F

4

Q

35

+D

19

Q

34

,

P

43

= D

17

F

2

4

Q

35

D

18

F

4

Q

34

+D

19

Q

35

,

P

44

= e

28

F

30

, P

45

= e

29

F

31

, P

46

= k

30

(P

36

Q

40

),

P

47

= k

30

(P

37

Q

41

), P

48

= k

31

(P

38

Q

42

), P

49

= k

31

(P

39

Q

43

);

Q

1

= e

1

Y C

9

+F

1

Y C

10

, Q

2

= e

1

Y C

10

F

1

Y C

9

,

Q

3

= D

4

F

1

P

2

B

3

P

1

, Q

4

= D

4

F

1

P

1

B

3

P

2

,

Q

5

= D

8

F

1

P

2

B

6

P

1

, Q

6

= D

8

F

1

P

1

B

6

P

2

,

Q

7

= D

4

F

1

Q

2

B

3

Q

1

, Q

8

= D

4

F

1

Q

1

B

3

Q

2

,

Q

9

= D

8

F

1

Q

2

B

6

Q

1

, Q

10

= D

8

F

1

Q

1

B

6

Q

2

,

Q

11

= D

4

F

1

XC

10

B

3

XC

9

, Q

12

= D

4

F

1

XC

9

B

3

XC

10

,

Q

13

= D

8

F

1

XC

10

B

6

XC

9

, Q

14

= D

8

F

1

XC

9

B

6

XC

10

,

Q

15

= D

12

F

1

XC

10

B

9

XC

9

, Q

16

= D

12

F

1

XC

9

B

9

XC

10

,

Q

17

= D

4

F

1

Y C

10

B

3

Y C

9

, Q

18

= D

4

F

1

Y C

9

B

3

Y C

10

,

Q

19

= D

8

F

1

Y C

10

B

6

Y C

9

, Q

20

= D

8

F

1

Y C

9

B

6

Y C

10

,

Q

21

= D

12

F

1

Y C

10

B

9

Y C

9

, Q

22

= D

12

F

1

Y C

9

B

9

Y C

10

,

Q

23

= F

5a

+F

11

+e

14

+F

17

+e

22

, Q

24

= F

6

+F

12

+e

15

+F

18

+e

23

,

Q

25

= F

8

+F

13

+e

16

+F

19

+e

24

, Q

26

= F

9

+F

20

+e

25

,

412

Unsteady Oscillatory Flow and Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Composite Porous Medium Channel

Q

27

= F

10

+F

21

+e

26

, Q

28

= k

19

(Q

3

+P

7

)+k

23

(Q

11

+P

17

),

Q

29

= k

19

(Q

4

+P

8

)+k

23

(Q

12

+P

18

), Q

30

= k

20

(Q

5

+P

9

)+k

24

(Q

13

+P

19

),

Q

31

= k

20

(Q

6

+P

10

)+k

24

(Q

14

+P

20

), Q

32

= k

25

(Q

15

+P

21

),

Q

33

= k

25

(Q

16

+P

22

), Q

34

= e

4

Y C

11

+F

4

Y C

12

,

Q

35

= e

4

Y C

12

F

4

Y C

11

, Q

36

= D

16

F

4

P

35

PrB

12

Q

34

,

Q

37

= D

16

F

4

P

34

PrB

12

P

35

, Q

38

= D

20

F

4

P

35

PrB

15

Q

34

,

Q

39

= D

20

F

4

P

34

PrB

15

P

35

, Q

40

= D

16

F

4

Q

35

PrB

12

Q

34

,

Q

41

= D

16

F

4

Q

34

PrB

12

Q

35

, Q

42

= D

20

F

4

Q

35

PrB

15

Q

34

,

Q

43

= D

20

F

4

Q

34

PrB

15

Q

35

, Q

44

= F

28

+e

30

, Q

45

= F

29

+e

31

,

Q

46

= k

30

(Q

36

+P

40

), Q

47

= k

30

(Q

37

+P

41

),

Q

48

= k

31

(Q

38

+P

42

), Q

49

= k

31

(Q

39

+P

43

);

XC

9

=

l

11

l

24

m

1

F

1

l

12

mF

1

l

10

l

11

l

23

, XC

10

=

(l

10

XC

9

+l

12

)

l

11

,

XC

11

= XC

9

+l

17

, XC

12

=

l

14

XC

11

l

15

,

XC

13

=

l

27

l

42

kF

5

l

28

kF

5

l

26

l

27

l

41

, XC

14

=

(l

26

XC

13

+ l

28

)

l

27

,

XC

15

= XC

13

+l

34

, XC

16

=

(l

30

XC

15

+ l

32

)

l

31

,

Y C

9

=

l

11

l

25

m

1

F

1

l

13

mF

1

l

10

l

11

l

23

, Y C

10

=

(l

10

Y C

9

+l

13

)

l

11

,

Y C

11

= Y C

9

+l

18

, Y C

12

=

l

14

Y C

11

+l

16

l

15

,

Y C

13

=

l

27

l

43

kF

5

l

29

kF

5

l

26

l

27

l

41

, Y C

14

=

(l

26

Y C

13

+l

29

)

l

27

,

Y C

15

= Y C

13

+l

35

, Y C

16

=

(l

30

Y C

15

+l

33

)

l

31

;

r

1

=

_

(1 +m

2

)

2

+ (4m)

2

, r

2

=

_

1 + 16

2

,

r

3

=

_

1 + 16

2

k

2

2

, r

4

=

_

Pr

2

+ (4Pr)

2

,

1

= tan

1

4m

1 +m

2

,

2

= tan

1

(4),

3

= tan

1

(4k

2

),

4

= tan

1

4

Pr

.

413

J. C. Umavathi, A. J. Chamkha, A. Mateen, A. Al-Mudhaf

References

1. V. T. Morgan, A. Cameron, Mechanism of Lubrication in porous metal bearings, in: Proceeding

of the Conference on Lubrication and Wear, London 1st3rd October 1957, Institution of

Mechanical Engineers, London, pp. 151157, 1957.

2. A. Cameron, V. T. Morgan, A. E. Stainsby, Critical conditions for hydrodynamic lubrication of

porous metal bearing, in: Proceeding conference on Lubrication and Wear, 176, pp. 761769,

Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 1962.

3. D. D. Joseph, L. N. Iao, Lubrication of a porous bearing-Stokes solution, J. Appl. Mech., 88(3),

pp. 753760, 1966.

4. C. C. Shir, D. D. Joseph, Lubrication of a porous bearing-Reynolds solution, J. Appl. Mech.,

88(3), pp. 761767, 1966.

5. C. A. Rhodes, W. T. Rouleau, Hydrodynamic lubrication of partial porous metal bearings,

J. Basic Eng.-T. ASME, 88(4), pp. 5360, 1966.

6. B. C. Chandrasekhara, K. Rajani, N. Rudraiah, Effect of slip on porous-walled sequence lms

in the presence of a magnetic led, Appl. Sci. Res., 34, pp. 393411, 1978.

7. L. N. Iao, D. D. Joseph, Fluid ow between porous rollers, J. Appl. Mech., 84(2), pp. 429433,

1962.

8. T. Masuoka, Convective current in a horizontal layer divided by a permeable wall, B. JSME,

17(104), pp. 225237, 1974.

9. M. V. Zaturska, P. G. Drazin, W. H. H. Banks, On the ow of a viscous uid driven along a

channel by suction at porous walls, Fluid Dyn. Res., 4, pp. 151178, 1998.

10. J. R. King, S. M. Cox, Asymptotic analysis of the steady-state and time-dependent Berman

problem, J. Eng. Math., 39, pp. 87130, 2001.

11. B. A. Packham, R. Shail, Stratied laminar ow of two immiscible uids, P. Camb. Philos.

Soc., 69, pp. 443448, 1971.

12. A. Setayesh, V. Sahai, Heat transfer in developing magnetohydrodynamic poiseuille ow and

variable transport properties, Int. J. Heat Mass Tran., 33(8), pp. 17111720, 1990.

13. M. S. Malashetty, V. Leela, Magnetohydrodynamic heat transfer in two uid ow, in: Proc. of

National Heat Transfer conferences sponsored by AIChE and ASME HTD, 159, pp. 171175,

1991.

14. M. S. Malashetty, V. Leela, Magnetohydrodynamic heat transfer in two phase ow, Int. J. Eng.

Sci., 30, pp. 371377, 1992.

15. A. J. Chamkha, Flow of two-immiscible uids in porous and non-porous channel, J. Fluid.

Eng.-T. ASME, 122(1), pp. 117124, 2000.

16. M. S. Malashetty, J. C. Umavathi, J. P. Kumar, Two uid magnetoconvection ow in an inclined

channel, Int. J. Transport Phenomena, 3, pp. 7384, 2001.

414

Unsteady Oscillatory Flow and Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Composite Porous Medium Channel

17. M. S. Malashetty, J. C. Umavathi, J. P. Kumar, Convective magnetohydrodynamic two uid

ows and heat transfer in an inclined channel, Heat Mass Transfer, 37, pp. 259264, 2001.

18. M. S. Malashetty, J. C. Umavathi, J. P. Kumar, Convective ow and heat transfer in an inclined

composite porous medium, J. Porous Media, 4, pp. 1522, 2001.

19. A. A. Raptis, N. Kafousias, Heat transfer in ow through a porous medim bounded by an

innite vertical plate under the action of a magnetic eld, Int. J. Energ. Res., 6, pp. 241245,

1982.

20. J. C. Umavathi, D. Palaniappan, Oscillatory ow of unsteady Oberbeck convection uid in an

innite vertical porous stratum, J. Appl. Mech., 69(2), pp. 3560, 2000.

21. N. Rudraiah, S. T. Nagraj, Natural convection through a vertical porous stratum, Int. J. Eng.

Sci., 15, pp. 589593, 1977.

415

- Micro Fluidics Module Users GuideUploaded bymech
- NR-220301- Mechanics of FluidsUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Fundamentals of Gas Dynamics, 2e - R. Zucker, O. BiblarzUploaded byMalasquez Leon Xavier
- The Thermal Behavior Analysis in Tap-Hole AreaUploaded byMateus Zandomeneghi
- Gas PropertiesUploaded byndlr81
- Physical Properties of Hydraulic FluidsUploaded bySoheilDarvishMotavalli
- Donax-TDUploaded bydarmawanpn
- Daelim Pb All GradeUploaded byshreeket3953
- energy eqnUploaded bySasa Mohamed
- Lesson 2Uploaded bybon1ng
- Fluid MechanicsUploaded byGladi Rosin
- LSDYNA FSIUploaded byravi
- amu-NBAUploaded bykpkarthi80
- 153537421-General-Honsberg.pdfUploaded byEmina Ibranović
- 2010 ExamUploaded byWesley Botha
- Models.cfd.Pipe ElbowUploaded bysharkman2020
- GateUploaded bysai murali
- IPC2012-90684Uploaded byMarcelo Varejão Casarin
- Rheology SucroseUploaded byCynthia LeBlanc
- EmeUploaded byOng Teck Chong
- 8 Lindborg JakobsenUploaded byCarlos Manuel Romero Luna
- as_5.pdfUploaded byUnknown
- TASC Multiple Shells in SeriesUploaded byJesus Andres Suarez
- Www.evitherm.org DefaultUploaded byAshish Mangal Dungdung
- Full TextUploaded byFatah Soomro
- Viscous DissipationUploaded byDustin Salas
- Thermal Conductivity of Ceramics During IrradiationUploaded byNaMatazu
- MS2 Mix and Comp TempUploaded byvarun persad
- Problems 1Uploaded byjehadyam
- Aen SyllabusUploaded byRavi Kumar Mahawar

- Diary of a Wimpy KidUploaded byMishGolechha
- 55348320-KIM-1-Microprocessor-Fundamentals.pdfUploaded byAli AH
- System Design of Orifice Pulse-tube , HuangUploaded byAli AH
- hydraulicresistanceUploaded bylkokoska
- M.E.H TijaniUploaded byAli AH
- Uni of Glasgow Map.pdfUploaded byJiaying Sim
- ValvesUploaded byAli AH
- pdf fileUploaded byAli AH
- Matveev ThesisUploaded byAli AH
- Gedeon StreamingUploaded byAli AH
- imat_baimanUploaded byAli AH
- 7173597-Chap-9Uploaded byAli AH
- 7173512-Chap-4Uploaded byAli AH
- 7173499-Chap-3Uploaded byAli AH
- 09_Simu_QRL[1].pdfUploaded byAli AH
- empty1.pdfUploaded byAli AH
- Ghatti[1]AA.pdfUploaded byAli AH
- 1111Two-dimensional simulation of airflow and thermal comfort in a roomAA.pdfUploaded byAli AH
- 027-2[1]AA.pdfUploaded byAli AH
- A Combined Experimental and Three-Dimensional Numerical Study.pdfUploaded byAli AH
- 10-MTU-ConjugateHeatTransfer.pdfUploaded byAli AH
- 5.pdfUploaded byAli AH
- 1.pdfUploaded byAli AH

- SOIL MECHANICSUploaded byarivurp
- mazzullo.pdfUploaded byfsdfsdf
- Coal-based Carbon Foams Calvo Garcia MoineloUploaded byNalleliRodriguez
- Rock Mechanics Lecture MaterialUploaded byKarthik
- P311_1992C_Wu_NotesUploaded bySanjeev Singh Negi
- Soil Compression TheoryUploaded byChakshu Gautam
- Handbook of Casting DefectsUploaded byAnshuman Roy
- Special Core AnalysisUploaded byDorothy Ampomah
- Integration of geological and petrophysical data.pdfUploaded bySusan Li HB
- Pore Pressure PredictionUploaded byAhmed Farouk
- EPSRC Final ReportUploaded bycvijica635
- IS_2720_Part-41.1977Uploaded byकृत्या नंद झा
- 00084306Uploaded byloralara
- Theja Kankanamge, Pore Pressure and Fracture Pressure Modelling With- Offset Well Data and Its Application to-surface Casing Design of a Developmet WellUploaded byMarcelo Ayllón Ribera
- D 6391 - 99 R04 _RDYZOTE_Uploaded byabualamal
- Combustion of a Single Particle of BiomassUploaded bytaokan81
- Thomeer Swanson Type Curve MatchingUploaded byDeepblue09
- Columbus Basin 2Uploaded byLuis Abdul-Melendez
- SPE-185694-MS (April, 2017)Uploaded bylulut fala
- Analysis of the Green Roofs Cooling Potential in BuildingsUploaded byKenneth Psaila
- Behaviour of self compacting concrete using Portland pozzolana cement with different levels of fly ash.pdfUploaded byDinakar Praneeth
- Sec10Sonic TheoryUploaded byDennise Shughni
- Compression Test on Porous Polymeric ScaffoldsUploaded byShitangshu Maity
- 1-s2.0-S0272884217302869-mainUploaded byArdian Kris Bramantyo
- Modelos conminuciónUploaded byClaudia Belén Cortés Ruiz
- Heuristic Design of Pressure Swing AdsorptionUploaded byGenoa Sweaters
- Sedimentary FabricUploaded byNiharika Das
- 16727-60726-1-PB (1)Uploaded byRoland Rawlins Igabor
- carbonate reservoirsUploaded byMohammad Iqbal Mahamad Amir
- AASHTO T84 Specific Gravity and Absorption of Fine GravityUploaded byArturo A Puentes Zegarra