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SAP ABAP interview questions and answers
Oct 15th, in ABAP Interview Guide, Articles, Home, by Raj

Check this article to find the latest collection of Interview Questions from IBM,SAP Labs,TCS etc…

Author : Raj
Author's Website | Articles from Raj Raj is an Application Developer focusing on Custom Development - particularly in the areas of ABAP ,WD4A , JAVA , APO , Enterprise services and PI Developer/consultant . He is also certified in ABAP and PI.FacebookTwitter After Observing many interviews. Finally i come up with the following questions which are mostly asked in all the Big companies including SAP Labs, Accenture, IBM , Deloitte , TCS , Infosys etc… 1. Can we write the code both call transaction and session method in single program? Ans. Yes it is possible to write call transaction and session in one program. 2. Which BDC you prefer? Ans. If we want to transfer large amount of data and when we need to use more than one transaction code we prefer session method. For small or less amount of data and for single transaction use call transaction. (This is more genric answer but you can add more on to this if you have worked on BDC) 3. When u prefer LSMW? Ans. When we need to update medium amount of data we use LSMW. LSMW is also used when the person like functional consultant has less programming language. 5. Difference between .include and .append? Ans. Include structure allows to add one or more structure into structure or table.Also placed positioning anywhere. Upto 6 include structure can be used in a table.

Use select single * statement instead of select * 6. billing document header window . 1.it automatically goes to debugging mode …. terms and condition window etc … 12. 3..the other way is . Never write select statements inside loop…. 7. first way is goto SE 71 and from menu bar select Utilities->activate debugger .occur statement allocates 8kb of memory to the internal table. slin. customer window . 5.which uniquely identifies a set of data …for example while creating invoice …we create logo window . The sequence of fields must be same as per database table 2. How to debug sapscripts ? Ans. a message will show that debugger is activated . Occurs addition to the Declaration will give initial size to that table.Append structure can be placed only at the end of a structure or table which also stops further insertion of fields. This concept is mainly used in IDOC where u select the partner profile using Tcode We20 . Use st05 SQL trace. Preformance techniques Ans. 8. What is page window? Ans : page window is nothing but a container of a page . What is partner selection? Ans. Always use primary key 7.Only one append structure can be used 6. code inspector.. 4. execute it . 11.etc.then goto SE38 execute the print program .now open the print program in se 38 …u vll notice that the print prgm is automatically diverted to debugging mode. What is the difference between scrolling a table horizontally and vertically. 10.?? . run the program RSTXDBUG in se 38 .with Tcode SM59 you create RFC(remote function call) to create communication link to a remote system. What is occurs in internal table? Ans. Two ways to debug sapscript .endloop. se30 run time analysis. Use binary search but before using binary search sort that table. During writing select query write all fields in sequence as per database table.

List the events in ABAP/4 Language? Ans: The events in ABAP/4 are load of program .Ans: In table control when you scroll a table vertically presentation server needs to call application server to fetch the next record and display in the table while in case of horizontal scroll there is no need to call application server. it uses the following techniques: . Selection Screen. it improves performance 10 to 100 times more 17. Line selection. Select up to 1 row and select single difference ? Ans: Select single fetches first matching record. 16. Buffering concept usage? Ans: There are three type of buffer 1 single record 2 generic buffer 3 full buffer Buffering is use for improve performance. If more than one matching records are there then only the first matching record will be considered other records will not be taken into account. Where as select up to 1 rows will fetch all the matching records from the database. at runtime. 15. End. RFC is Remote Function call so it can’t access the values with Pass by reference. First.Initialization. What are the different buffering methods? There are two different buffering methods The system ensures that data transfer between the R/3 System and the database system is as efficient as possible. the INSERT command is used to define which data fields are assigned to which field group are called Field Groups. 13. It should always be a HEADER field group that defines how the extracted data will be sorted. What are Field Groups? Ans: A group that combines several fields fewer than one name. 14. User command. To do this. Top of page. Start of Selection.How the values will be passed to RFC Function module PassbyValue or Passbyreference? Ans: always Pass by Value.(Again it will assign only One Record to the internal table/Work area) 18. End of Selection. the fields grouped under the HEADER field group sort the data.

? Ans-: Smartforms create its own function module so it doesn’t need to transport the request through SCC1. Go to the particular place in the code and put break point. The read lock allows other transactions read access but not write access to the locked area of the table. 22. v o Write lock (exclusive lock) Protects write access to an object.As all the Development Object are stored in client independent tables. CHAIN END CHAIN? Ans: Chain and end chain are used for multiple field validation in Module pool programming .How to Debug RFC Function module? Ans: SE38 –> Utilities –> Settings –> ABAP Editor –> Debugging Activate the external debugging and choose the New Debugger option in ABAP debugger.Why sapscripts are client dependent and smartforms are client independent. v o Enhanced write lock (exclusive lock without cumulation) Works like a write lock except that the enhanced write lock also protects from further accesses from the same transaction.It is written inside the screen flow logic. pop will appear then choose the HTTP break point.Table buffering: The program accesses data from the buffer of the application server. 20. Whereas Script doesn’t generate any function module while executing so we need to transport the request number through . If you are triggering the RFC from SAP portal make sure that both the user ID should be same If the users are different then provide the XI/Portal User ID in the users field. 21. The write lock allows other transactions neither read nor write access to the locked area of the table. Different types of locks? v Read lock (shared lock) Protects read access to an object. Database request buffering: Individual database entries are not read or passed to the database until required by an OPEN SQL statement. 19.

. Control break events in ABAP:1. AT-FIRST: This is used when we want to execute the statements before records are processed.HIGH. When u declares a select options it will implicitly declare an internal table (ranges) for you.SIGN. What is TMG? Ans. While using RANGES syntax u can declare internal table explicitly. Where as in case of select option we have to explicitly create internal table. The main difference between select option and ranges is that ranges implicitly or automatically creates internal table with fields like OPTION.If you dont know Tell the interviewer as this event is used in such cases when you want to clear sum buffers or something Before calling that Program) 27.etc . 2. 25. Difference between user exit and BADIs? Ans: User exit is for single implementation and it is procedural approach while BADIs are for multiple implementation and object oriented approach.SCC1. Difference between select option and ranges ? Ans.LOW. Suppose i am writing following code then what will be output? LOAD-OF-PROGRAM. Ans: HELLO (Explain the importance of LOAD-OF-PROGRAM Event. AT-END: This event is used when we want to execute the statements after processing of group of records.I am uploading 100 records out of which say 59th record has error so what will happen if i am using synchronous or asynchronous method of BDC? Can we update the database using local update mode how? 26. AT-NEW: This event is used when we want to execute the statement before group of records are processed.so sapscripts are client dependent and smartforms are client independent. 28. WRITE:/”HELLO”. TMG stands for Table Maintenance generator. Multiple implementation means Reusability… because we use OOps Concepts for BADI. 3. 24. It is a tool available in abap by which we can add or delete multiple records at a time and it is executed or triggered by the transaction code SM30. 23. AT-LAST: This event is used when we want to execute the statements after all records are processed.Sap script is stroed in side the client depended table as a TEXT. 4.

Insert an icon beside the high value which will call the multiple selections popup screen on user command. 29. here u can use select-option or ranges : val_range. These selection screen validations etc should be done in the top include only. CALL FUNCTION ‘COMPLEX_SELECTIONS_DIALOG’ EXPORTING* TITLE = ‘ ‘ text = g_titl1 ” ‘Customers’ tab_and_field = struc_tab_and_field TABLES RANGE = rng_kunnr EXCEPTIONS NO_RANGE_TAB = 1 CANCELLED = 2 INTERNAL_ERROR = 3 INVALID_FIELDNAME = 4 . b) In the top include of your module pool program declare a selection screen as a subscreen e. the s_matnr field created above should be done in selection screen events like AT SELECTION-SCREEN etc and not in PAI. is it possible to bring select option in module pool screens? Ans. select-options s_matnr for mara-matnr.The only need of declaring ranges is when you r not taking input from the user but you want make limit based selection at that time it will be use full e.Create a SELECT-OPTIONS in module pool screen using two methods as shown.g. Method 2:——a) Create 2 separate fields in your screen layout – one for the low value and one for the high value. ” ‘KNA1′. ” ‘KUNNR’ struc_tab_and_field-tablename = con_kna1. Use function module COMPLEX_SELECTIONS_DIALOG to achieve this. Method 1:—a) Create a subscreen area in your screen layout where you want to create the select options. SELECTION-SCREEN BEGIN OF SCREEN 100 AS SUBSCREEN. SELECTION-SCREEN END OF SCREEN.g.g. CALL SUBCREEN sub_area INCLUDING <program> <screen> This CALL SUBSCREEN statement is necessary for transport of values between screen and program. SELECT ** from ** where MATNR in val_range. continued …… struc_tab_and_field-fieldname = con_cust. Note: All validations of the selection screen fields e. c) In the PBO and PAI of the main screen where the select options needs to be created do a call subscreen of the above screen (100).

explain with simple example Ans: First create secondary indexes on required fields of a particular database table.how we can retrive data using secondary index. 31. ENDIF. IF sy-subrc = 0. ENDIF. 33. HAS_FIELD_SEPERATOR ‘X’ ‘X’ can provide the Whatever delimiter we used in flat file for separation. Also in the session method while processing the session you can specify the processing type as background or foreground. g_cust = rng_kunnr-low. IF NOT rng_kunnr[] IS INITIAL. You can use the return table rng_kunnr to populate your own internal range table with the values entered by the user. What is the land scape in sap.How Can We upload a text file having Delimiters in to Legacy System Ans. in that FM we have the parameter has_field_seperator for that we assign the default delimiter ‘x’. We can create one primary index and 15 secondary indexes. . 30.We can handle table control using line index Line index indicates which line of Table control is to be use for BDC transaction Ex perform bdc_field using ‘RC29K-AUSKZ(01)’ Indicates 1st line of table control is going to be used for transaction which is Line index of Table Control 32.How can we handle table control in BDC? Ans.The sm37 transaction can be used for running a program in the background. * Read the very first entry of the range table and pass it to * dynpro screen field *READ TABLE rng_kunnr INDEX 1.For up loading text file we use the pre-defined FM gui_upload.OTHERS = 5. Basically here you are just simulating the work of a select-options parameter by module pool screen elements.Once the respective secondary indexes are created write select queries and within select queries specify secondary indexes field name with where clause. If i want to execute a BDC program only in background not in foreground is there any option for this? Ans. 34.

How it can be Client Dependent!!!!) 36.How will u print footers in alv report? 2.How to do total & subtotal in scripts & forms? ================================================= DATA DICTIONARY 1. I created ZEMP table now i want to add more data but prev. Quality server and Production server. FM etc…. Development server.production server data is ready for final business use.How will u edit fields from output list of alv? ==================================================== . Whatever new development we do as per clients requirement is done in development server. Can we write the code/program inside sap script? 2.Ans. 35. but customized request has to import in that client perticular client where it is created.append how will u do table enhancement? 2.Apart from .what r the events of table maintainence generator? 3.How to execute sap script & smart forms in Background? 4. Workbench request are client independent. Tell me about workbench request and customization requests.Workbench (ABAP Dev) request is client independent when you import it into one system it reflact it in all client in same system. data should not disturb how can i do this? ===================================================== REPORTS 1. Later to test the developed object we move it to quality server for testing and finally once everything goes clear then the object is moved to production server . In every organisation sap landscape involves three servers viz. (Common Man Workbench request holds the Program . Ans. actually it is client dependent. Workbench request are client dependent or client independent Ans. How will u create sapscripts & smartforms in multiple language? 3. Other Interview questions… SAP SCRIPTS & FORMS 1.what will happen if i use projection view and maintainence view together? 4.include & .

what is routine? how it is different from user exits? .what r enhancement points? 2.How to write customer exits? 3.If u want to do bdc for xd01 explain me how will be the flow? ================================================= user exits 1.BDC 1.me21n? 2.what r the fields u took during recording for mmo1.