Introduction

"To all who come to this happy place – welcome. Disneyland is your land. Here age relives fond memories of the past and here youth may savor the challenge and promise of the future. Disneyland is dedicated to the ideals, dreams and the hard facts that have created America… with the hope that it will be a source of joy and inspiration to all the world." Walter E. Disney, July 17, 1955.

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Early in development. and so he created a show named Disneyland which was broadcast on the fledgling American Broadcasting Company (ABC) television network." grew bigger and bigger into a concept for a larger enterprise which was to become Disneyland. when he realized that there were no parks with activities that parents and children could enjoy together. the network agreed to help finance the new park. Greenfield Village (built in 1929 in Dearborn. south of Los Angeles in neighboring Orange County. Difficulties in obtaining funding caused Disney to investigate new ways of raising money. Denmark). In return.000 m²) on Riverside Drive next to the Disney Studios in Burbank. Walt's original concept was of a permanent family fun park without the negative element which traveling carnivals often attracted. While many people had written letters to Walt Disney about visiting the Disney Studio lot and meeting their favorite Disney character. it became clear that more area would be needed. long before the idea of a park even began to form. Michigan). 2 . U.S. California). He then began to foster ideas of building a site at or near his Burbank studios for tourists to visit and perhaps take pictures with Disney characters set in statue form. Disney's original modest plans called for the park to be built on eight acres (32. Construction began on July 18. two more lanes were added to the freeway even before the park was finished. in preparation for the traffic which Disneyland was expected to bring. Walt Disney showing the concepts of Disneyland On the suggestion of researchers at Stanford Research Institute who correctly envisioned the area's potential growth.Chapter 1 Concept and construction Walt Disney and his brother Roy already headed one of Hollywood's more successful studios founded in 1923. Walt's initial concept. His ideas then evolved to a small play park with a boat ride and other themed areas. He decided to use television to get the ideas into people's homes. Route 101 (later Interstate 5) was under construction at the same time just to the north of the site. during the early 1950s.000 m²) of orange groves and walnut trees in Anaheim. 1954 and would cost USD$17 million to complete. California as a place where his employees and families could go to relax. Disney acquired 160 acres (730. Disneyland Park was partially inspired by Tivoli Gardens (built in 1843 in Copenhagen. He developed the idea during his many outings with his daughters Diane and Sharon. his "Mickey Mouse Park. and Children's Fairyland (built in 1950 in Oakland. Walt realized that a functional movie studio had little to offer to the visiting fan.

The park was overcrowded as the by-invitation-only affair was plagued with counterfeit tickets. But for the first ten years or so. feeling the profit potential of the park was too lucrative to sell. 1955: Opening day An aerial view of Disneyland.Because of financial considerations. Parents were throwing their children over the shoulders of crowds to get them onto rides such as the Dumbo Flying Elephants. Frontierland. It wasn't until 1960 that Walt Disney Productions acquired ABC's share of the theme park. For example. Disneyland was owned by Disneyland. and Ronald Reagan. A gas leak in Fantasyland caused Adventureland. including the dedication were televised nationwide and anchored by three of Walt Disney's friends from Hollywood: Art Linkletter. which was only open to invited guests and the media. However. Bob Cummings. The summer temperature was over 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Walt Disney was forced to turn to outside financing for his theme park. July 18. and a plumbers' strike left many of the park's drinking fountains dry. But ABC refused the same request initially. The park got such bad press for the event day that Walt Disney invited members of the press back for a private "second day" to experience the true Disneyland. after which Walt held a party in the Disneyland Hotel for them. Vendors ran out of food. ABC as part of the deal to broadcast the Disneyland television show also became an investor. of which Walt Disney Productions. 1955. a special "International Press Preview" event was held on Sunday." although July 17 is currently acknowledged by Disney as the official opening day. On July 17 every year. 1956 Disneyland Park was opened to the public on Monday. After the park was a clear success Western acceeded to a request to sell its share in the enterprise back to Disney.. Disney's displeasure at ABC's actions partly motivated the Walt Disney anthology series moving to NBC in 1961. cast members wear pin badges stating how many years it has been since July 17. 1955. For the first five years of its operation. July 17. All major roads nearby were congested. The Special Sunday events. The event did not go smoothly. 1955. Walt and his 1955 executives forever referred to the first day as "Black Sunday. Western Publishing and ABC each owned shares. Disney did officially state that opening day was on July 18th. including in the park's own publications. He first turned to long-time licensee Western Publishing which invested in the park. 3 . Inc. The asphalt that had been poured just the night before was so soft that ladies' high-heeled shoes sank in. in 2004 they wore the slogan "The magic began 49 years ago today". and Fantasyland to close for the afternoon.

and the most popular vacation destination in the world although the yet-to-open Dubai Land in the United Arab Emirates is twice the size. and the photo of the three always carries a caption along the lines of "Walt Disney with the first two guests of Disneyland.On Monday. with one theme park and two hotels. It attracted visitors worldwide in unprecedented volume. Schwartner and Vess all received lifetime passes to every single Disney-owned park in the world. 4 . Disneyland was clearly an enormous success. dining and entertainment district. crowds started to gather in line as early as 2 a. The Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista. Walt and Roy were also planning an expansion of the concept to other locations. July 18.. twenty-three hotels and a retail. two water parks. the resort has grown into four theme parks. Walt Disney decided to have a photo taken with two children. Disney. On September 12. Tokyo Disneyland Park and Tokyo DisneySea are owned by a Japanese corporation. Florida was built with Walt's hatred of the cheap motels and amusements that popped up around Disneyland in mind. Tokyo Disneyland Park is now part of the Tokyo Disney Resort.m. and has a sister theme park Tokyo DisneySea. Soon. The Walt Disney Company receives royalties based on revenues and maintains creative control. and the first person to buy a ticket and enter the park was David MacPherson. In 1983 the first international Disney theme park opened: Tokyo Disneyland Park in Japan. Oriental Land Company. Walt Disney World opened in 1971 under the guidance of Roy O. Since its opening. 2005. Disneylands around the world Plaque at the entrance that embodies the intended spirit of Disneyland by Walt Disney: to leave reality and enter fantasy Despite the problems on the opening day. Michael Schwartner and Christine Vess instead. even as they refined and developed Disneyland. the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort was opened in Hong Kong. It is the largest private-owned vacation destination. Hong Kong Disneyland Resort is owned jointly by the Hong Kong Government and the Walt Disney Company. and is now the Disneyland Resort Paris with two theme parks. In 1992 Euro Disney opened in France." MacPherson.

off-property lots with regular shuttle service to the parks.on the site of Disneyland's original "Hundred-Acre Parking Lot" -. as was the closure of a great many popular attractions within the area.1990s transition: theme park becomes resort In the 1990s. Army officer hired as facilities manager. Most of the resort's parking today is handled by the six-level "Mickey and Friends" parking garage. Under their direction. Shops that once carried a variety of items themed to their locations now carried general Disney character products. Propane-powered trams bring visitors to the entrance plaza between the two parks.250 parking spaces. The Grand Californian Hotel. With six levels and 10. Dewitt "T" Irby. Light bulbs.S.Disney's California Adventure Park and Downtown Disney opened in 2001. The Walt Disney Company purchased land surrounding the park that was once the site of low-budget motels and trailer courts and -. it was for a short time the largest parking structure in the world. patterned after the Arts and Crafts movement of the early 20th century. The leaders came under increasing criticism for a host of cost cutting initiatives and profit boosting schemes. derided by some fans. After nearly a decade of deferred maintenance. each with a retail marketing background. There are also some smaller. not only were run to burnout but were so numerous as to make the facades they outlined look almost toothless. was blamed for the destruction of much of the tooling and attraction components in storage in the backstage areas in an effort to streamline operations as recommended by outside consultants. and most nearby hotels offer regular shuttle service as well. 5 . Themed restaurants and shops were closed and replaced by outdoor vending carts which caused crowds to clog walkways. few new attractions were built and many were closed down. major construction began to transform Disneyland from a theme park into a vacation resort. especially the thatched roofs in Fantasyland and Adventureland. The park's management team of the mid-1990s was a tremendous source of contention to many Disneyland fans and employees. Headed by executives Cynthia Harriss and Paul Pressler. Paint was peeling off buildings and roofs were literally disintegrating from age. which were once replaced before they burned out. The decision to remodel Tomorrowland. a retired U. Walt Disney's original theme park was showing visible signs of neglect. Fans of the park decried the perceived decline in customer value and park quality and rallied for the dismissal of the management team. extends into Disney's California Adventure Park and allows paying guests to enter that park through the hotel itself. Disneyland's focus gradually changed from attractions to merchandising. was attributable to Pressler.

formerly the president of the Disney Cruise Line.Chapter 2 Disneyland in the 21st century In 2003. which has received a complete restoration of its 40-year-old soundtrack. The first people began to line up at 3 p. in hopes of restoring the good safety record of the past. Many classic attractions (often ones neglected during Paul Pressler and Cynthia Harriss' times as Disneyland Resort President) have been restored. the entire Walt Disney Company celebrated Disneyland Park's 50th anniversary. queue in line for attractions and welcome comments from guests. A second line formed outside the security checkpoints as thousands more arrived in the final hours before the park opened.. the park undertook a number of major renovation projects in preparation for its fiftieth anniversary celebration. Irby stepped down the following year. 6 . marketed as the "Happiest Homecoming on Earth. Disneyland Park hosted its 500-millionth guest in 2004.m." The official celebration began on May 5. 2005. In 2005. Ouimet and Emmer can often be seen walking the park during business hours with members of their staff. Disneyland Park became the first 'location' to get a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Disneyland Park opened at 7:00 a. the day before. park management opened the gates of Disney's California Adventure Park simply to house the thousands of people who showed up over the course of the night. Much like Walt Disney himself. especially with regards to cosmetic maintenance and a return to the original infrastructure maintenance schedule. with a dedication from Michael Eisner. On July 15. Fiftieth anniversary In 2004.m. both Harriss and Pressler stepped down to take over operations of national clothing retailer The Gap. Bob Iger. Praised by Disney fan sites for his success at Disney Cruise Line. he selected Greg Emmer as Senior Vice President of Operations. Matt Ouimet. although it took several hours to admit the crowds that showed up that morning. probably most notably Space Mountain. Emmer is a long-time Disney cast member who had worked at Disneyland in his youth prior to moving to Florida and holding multiple executive leadership positions at the Walt Disney World Resort. Ouimet quickly set about reversing negative trends. Jungle Cruise. Shortly afterward. Overnight. and Art Linkletter. was promoted to assume leadership of the Disneyland Resort in late 2003. The actual anniversary day (July 17) was an event marked more by the fans' enthusiasm than by the company's recognition. and Walt Disney's Enchanted Tiki Room. They wear cast member name badges.

Main Street will bring back happy memories. The park never reached capacity that day. Diane Disney Miller reread her father's original dedication speech in a ceremony with Art Linkletter.A. Capacity Disney does not release official figures. specifically Disney's boyhood home of Marceline. Main Street. The park is divided into public areas. making for a much smaller celebration than the media blowout of May 5. similar to the way spokes on a wheel lead away from a wheel's hub. U. Later that day.. and CEO Michael Eisner.A. U. "To create a land that would make this dream reality. At the center of the park stands Sleeping Beauty Castle. in the remote jungles of Asia and Africa. exactly 50 years to the minute from when it was originally delivered. An estimated 87. Walt Disney said. The themed lands and other public areas occupy 85 acres (344.S. it is an adventure in turning back the calendar to the days of grandfather's youth. Themed lands The park was designed by Walt Disney's movie studio staff to have five distinctly-themed "lands". a recording of Walt Disney's original dedication speech was replayed throughout the park. consisting of themed lands. There were also complimentary golden Mickey ears that were specifically made for July 17. Three more lands have been added since the park's opening. Many of the people who had waited overnight left after the rededication. No other special events had been planned for the day. Disneyland often hits capacity during the Christmas season between late December and very early January. but visitor capacity is estimated to be between 65.000 m²). called "Partners". it was done only to control crowds which were flooding Main Street for the morning ceremony. Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. along with cupcakes for the guests. is home to many shops but is the only land in all of Disneyland without a permanent ride.m. Based on the stereotypical turn-of-the-20th-century city Main Street.000 guests flocked to Disneyland to see Disneyland's Main Street Electrical Parade do its final run." Attractions 7 . Missouri. Park layout Famous statue of Walt and Mickey. "For those of us who remember the carefree time it recreates. CEO-elect Robert Iger. and the well-concealed "backstage" area. Although the gates had been temporarily closed in the morning." Adventureland This land is designed to be an exotic tropical place in a far-off region of the world." said Walt Disney. "we pictured ourselves far from civilization.At 10:00 a.S. which normally only cast members can enter. Main Street. stands at the end of Main Street. For younger visitors. The themed lands branch out in many directions from the "Central Plaza" end of Main Street.000 and 85.000 guests.

Currently the comedic troupe "Billy Hill and the Hillbillies" entertain guests on a daily basis. Fantasyland. Haunted Mansion and Pirates of the Caribbean. or tumbling into Alice's nonsensical Wonderland? In . "What youngster has not dreamed of flying with Peter Pan over moonlit London. Willy Ley. later. The area underwent a major transformation in 1967 to become "New Tomorrowland. Big Thunder Mountain Railroad. even for a short while. among others. it is meant to capture the flavor and architectural detail of New Orleans's Bourbon Street. Our scientists today are opening the doors of the Space Age to achievements that will benefit our children and generations to come." Disneyland producer Ward Kimball had Rocket scientist Wernher von Braun. Current rides include the popular Space Mountain and Star Tours. but its 1983 refurbishment turned it into a Bavarian village." and then again in 1998 when its focus was changed to present a "retro-future" theme reminiscent of the illustrations of Jules Verne." Frontierland is home to the Pinewood Indians band of animatronic Native Americans. the Jungle Cruise. shaped by the pioneering spirit of our forefathers. and various children's rides. the King Arthur Carrousel (spelled this way by Disney). and Sailing Ship Columbia. these classic stories of everyone's youth have become realities for youngsters . This area contains two of the most popular Disneyland attractions." (The Tarzan Treehouse is an adaptation of the earlier Swiss Family Treehouse from the Walt Disney film.to participate in. Entertainment and attractions include Fantasmic!. a large fleet of submarines was added. Swiss Family Robinson). 8 ." Fantasyland was originally styled in a fairground fashion. "Tomorrow can be a wonderful age. Attractions include several dark rides. Walt Disney's Enchanted Tiki Room and "Tarzan's Treehouse.include the "Temple of the Forbidden Eye" in Indiana Jones Adventure. New Orleans Square The Haunted Mansion is patterned after a Southern plantation home. Frontierland This land recreates the setting of pioneer days along the American frontier. "All of us have cause to be proud of our country's history. New Orleans Square was among the last additions to Disneyland overseen by Walt Disney himself. and Heinz Haber as technical consultants during the original design of Tomorrowland. a show palace straight out of the Old West. who live on the banks of the Rivers of America. Tomorrowland In Walt Disney's words. The Tomorrowland attractions have been designed to give you an opportunity to participate in adventures that are a living blueprint of our future. Frontierland is also home to the Golden Horseshoe Saloon.of all ages .[3] Initial rides included the rocket to the moon. Mark Twain Riverboat. Opened in 1966. Our adventures are designed to give you the feeling of having lived. Fantasyland Walt Disney said. Club 33. and a private club and restaurant. According to Walt Disney. during our country's pioneer days.

a program that allows musicians to participate in clinics and perform in parades and sit-down concerts. areas closed to park visitors are considered "backstage". It has two narrow lanes divided by a double yellow line. behind the Mickey and Friends parking garage). The land is built like the town where Disney characters live. There are several points of entry from the outside world to the backstage areas: Ball Gate (at the terminus of Cast Place off Ball Road). a dark ride called The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh replaced the long-running Country Bear Jamboree. Musical groups such as marching bands can participate in Magic Music Days. they can also offer illuminating views of the attractions. and other behind-the-scenes operations. although a scattering of poor-quality photos has inevitably found its way to a variety of web sites. Harbor Gate (off Harbor Boulevard. although a section cutting through Disneyland's maintenance shops behind the park's northwestern corner has a speed limit of 5 miles per hour.Critter Country Critter Country opened in 1972 as "Bear Country. Formerly the area was home to the Indian Village with actual Native Americans entertaining guests. and Winston Gate (off Disneyland Drive. Today. runs underneath the Monorail track. Nevertheless. The speed limit for most parts of Berm Road is 15 miles per hour. Backstage areas In Disneyland lingo. By definition. In 2003. control rooms. This prevents guests from seeing the industrial areas that violate the "magic" of onstage and allows cast members some solace while they work or rest. TDA Gate (adjacent to the Team Disney Anaheim building). the road now strays as much as 100 yards from onstage areas at some points. Every attraction contains hidden walkways. "Backstage" also refers to parts of show buildings that are normally not seen by guests. Cameras are explicitly forbidden in these parts of the park. behind Tomorrowland). a show featuring singing Audio-Animatronic bears. although with the addition of Mickey's Toowntown. behind Tomorrowland and Main Street. Major buildings backstage include "Team Disney Anaheim". service areas. A stretch of the road. its main draw is Splash Mountain. wedged between Tomorrowland and Harbor Boulevard. there are a few ways to catch glimpses of backstage areas for those who are so inclined." and was renamed in 1988. While these rare break-downs can be tedious. The road is so called because it generally follows outside the path of Disneyland's earthen berm. The only way for a guest to see these areas is to have the fortune (or misfortune) to be evacuated from the attraction in the event of a break-down. Berm Road encircles the park from Firehouse Gate (behind the Main Street Fire Station) to Egghouse Gate (adjacent to the Main Street Opera House). and the "Old Administration Building". The general backstage areas just north of Toontown are home to 9 . Mickey's Toontown Toontown opened in 1993 and was patterned after "Toontown" in the Disney/Touchstone Pictures 1988 release Who Framed Roger Rabbit. There are also two railroad bridges that cross Berm Road: one behind City Hall and the other behind Tomorrowland near Harbor Gate. backstage areas are generally off-limits to park guests. where many of the park's support staff and top-level managers work. is called Schumaker Road. a log flume attraction themed after the animated segments of Disney's 1946 movie Song of the South. Mickey's Toontown looks like a 1930s Max Fleischer cartoon short come to life.

the most common narrow gauge measurement used in North America. Laid to three-foot gauge. when the Mark VII 10 . or being re-routed through the area between Tomorrowland and Main Street during a crowded closing time. aside from small alterations while Disney's California Adventure and Downtown Disney were being built. Originally known as the Disneyland and Santa Fe Railroad. Topeka and Santa Fe Railway until 1974. it was sponsored by the Atchison. In addition. The train passes the "Grand Canyon/Primeval World" diorama in a tunnel between the Tomorrowland and Main Street stations. they are escorted through backstage areas between Fantasyland and Frontierland. Tomorrowland. and railroads in particular. such as the "Casey Junior" train ride. the Mark V. Disneyland Railroad Disneyland incorporates a steam railroad.locker rooms and two music studios that are frequently used by these groups. was installed in 1987 when more modern trains built by Ride and Show Entertainment eliminated the old ALWEG Buck Rogers-style trains. it passes an audioanimatronic scene in Splash Mountain. since their lightweight construction means they wear out quickly. being evacuated from broken-down attractions. The train stops at stations in New Orleans Square. The next update will be in 2007. Four generations of monorail trains have been used in the park. Therefore a number of different modes of transport were incorporated into the park. Between the New Orleans Square station and Toontown. Toontown. The monorail track has remained almost exactly the same since 1961. the track runs in a continuous loop around the park. on the grounds of his own home. guests who are simply visiting the resort can see bits of backstage by riding the monorail. The transportation systems are in some respects intended more as entertainment or sightseeing rides than as a means of transporting guests. riding the Disneyland railroad. One of Disneyland's signature attractions is its Alweg monorail system. the Disneyland Railroad. If the group will be performing at the Carnation Plaza Gardens venue. and Main Street. The most recent generation. the "Carolwood Pacific Railroad". He had built a miniature live steam backyard railroad. installed in 1959. Transportation Walt Disney had a longtime interest in transportation. Guests who attempt to see backstage in more invasive ways will face consequences from the management. Disneyland Monorail Monorail Blue travels over the currently closed Submarine Voyage lagoon in Tomorrowland.

Main Street vehicles A number of vehicles. Monorail Red. They (as well as the fire truck) have two cylinder. a horse-drawn streetcar. who used it to drive around the park and host celebrity guests. Four years later. the attraction closed permanently on November 10. an oldfashioned fire engine. was removed from service and shipped to Disney's engineering department in Glendale for disassembly and study so that new blueprints can be created from it. As of 2004. This car design was 11 . and the Autopia. Monorail Blue. and an old-fashioned automobile. and the current trains. No Skyways are left at any Disney park (Disneyland Park in Paris never had a Skyway attraction). and represented a future look at what would become America's multilane limited-access highways that were still being developed (President Eisenhower had yet to sign the Interstate Highway legislation at the time Disneyland opened). Skyway The Disneyland Skyway.trains are slated to be installed. built by Ride & Show Entertainment in 1987. The horseless carriages are modeled after cars built in 1903. and eventually caused the breakdown in their relationship and the removal of Santa Fe sponsorship from the Disneyland Railroad. because ALWEG. This conflicted with the contract with the Santa Fe that only their name could be associated with railroad attractions at the park.S. It was removed shortly after the Rocket Rods closed in spring 2001. Robert Gurr designed the original Autopia cars to be reminiscent of Ferraris. Tokyo Disneyland Park removed their Skyway. This caused a rift between Disneyland and the Santa Fe railroad. and Monorail Purple. use some of the same parts as the ALWEG trains. U. finally. The monorail shuttles visitors between two stations. It follows a 2. Due to the enormous impending cost to retrofit the Skyway for earthquake safety and handicap accessibility. The Tomorrowland station in Disneyland remained and was used as a maintenance bay for Rocket Rods beginning in 1998. The fire engine was built for Walt Disney. the Matterhorn (which was built around the Skyway in 1959). are in regular service. In 1967. "the first aerial tramway of its kind in the United States" 1. four horsepower (3 kW) engines and manual transmission and steering. giving passengers fantastic views of Sleeping Beauty Castle. Opened in 1956 by Walt Disney himself. Monorail Orange. one inside the park in Tomorrowland and one in Downtown Disney. has gone out of business. covering any sites that would be unsuitable to guests that were also hidden to guests on foot. the cars were redesigned to resemble the popular Chevrolet Corvette. the company which built the original monorail trains.A. Walt Disney World Resort's Magic Kingdom Park removed theirs on the exact date that Disneyland removed theirs. Disneyland had a contract with Alweg which required the Alweg name to be displayed on the monorail. The Fantasyland station in Disneyland remains but is closed to the public. was one of the signature attractions at the park. Autopia The Disneyland Autopia opened with the park in 1955. A fourth train. 1994. including a double-decker bus. are available for rides along Main Street. it shuttled passengers between Fantasyland and Tomorrowland 100 feet (30 m) above the ground. A distinctive feature was that Disneyland maintained the 'on-stage/backstage' illusion to Skyway guests. in 1999. three monorail trains.5 mile (4 km) long route designed to show off the park from above.

The Laughing Stock Co. launch locations. providing small humorous skits with an old-west theme... music. The Golden Horseshoe Revue—an old-west Vaudeville type of show starring Slue Foot (or Sluefoot) Sue and Pecos Bill—ran until the mid-1980s.A. when the entire ride was rethemed and modernized. In addition to the attractions. and Pinocchio. a forty-five foot fire-breathing dragon. The Disneyland Band was traditionally all male. floating barges. but also break out into smaller groups like the Main Street Merchants Band. There's Magic in the Stars and the current 50th anniversary celebration fireworks presentation Remember. Billy Hill and the Hillbillies have played their guitars and banjos in a bluegrass-andcomedy show. which often sings on Main Street. The Dapper Dans barbershop quartet. They play the role of the Town Band on Main Street.used through 2000. this has included: Throughout the park Disney characters. Beginning May 2005. and large floats. Main Street Piano Player playing at Corner Cafe on Main Street. and pose for photos. a pirate ship. "Walt Disney's Parade of Dreams" is presented. lasers. when it was replaced by a similar show starring Lily Langtree (or Miss Lily) and Sam the Bartender.S.. 2000 and beyond introduced fireworks presentations that have become more elaborate. celebrating several of the classic Disney stories including The Lion King. Dreams Come True. offering a live stage show with a frontier or old-west feel. The Disneyland Band. the Firehouse Sax Quartet. New Orleans Square Fantasmic!.." upon which animated scenes are projected. fireworks. Disneyland provides live entertainment throughout the park. Most recently. Besides greeting visitors in regular places. fountains. Frontierland The Golden Horseshoe Saloon. Main Street Daytime and nighttime parades that celebrate Disney films or seasonal holidays with characters.. Live entertainment The Parade of the Stars in Disneyland from 2004 (closed in early 2005). and thirty-foot-tall "mist screens. The Fantasy in the Sky fireworks premiered in the summer of 1956 and lasted through the summer of 1999. who greet visitors. Elaborate fireworks shows featuring Disney songs and an appearance by "Peter Pan" character Tinker Bell. Alice in Wonderland. a popular nighttime show with Mickey Mouse. Until late last month Rod Miller had played piano at Disneyland since October 1969. The new cars resemble those used in television commercials for Chevron. and storylines. 12 . which has been part of the park since its opening. special effects. such as the show Believe. they often participate in Disneyland parades. featuring new pyrotechnics. and a variety of groups in New Orleans Square. U. Through the years. talk with children.

Initially. the price of attractions was in addition to the price of park admission. because its business advantages were obvious: in addition to guaranteeing that everyone paid a large sum even if they stayed for only a few hours and rode only a few rides. Disneyland 1995 2000 five-day Passport four days for admission ticket for Disneyland 1983 two$99. the park no longer had to print tickets or ticket books. individually or in booklets. day Passport. or provide staff to collect tickets or monitor attractions for people sneaking on without tickets. The least-expensive "A" tickets gave access to the smaller attractions. he can wait in a shorter line and be on the attraction within ten minutes. or thrilling experience.Fantasyland Merlin. including Disneyland. only a few attractions offered this service. nearby Magic Mountain introduced a one-price admission ticket which allowed free access to all attractions within the park. 2002 Fast Pass. day admission ticket. From Disneyland's opening until 1982. Disney implemented a new service named FASTPASS [4]. that allowed them access to rides and attractions. If the guest returns to the attraction at his return time. 13 . a guest can use his park admission ticket to obtain a FASTPASS ticket with a return time later that day (an hour-long window) printed on it. The selection of rides offering Fastpass changes over time. staff ticket booths. price on price on the back is back is $23. In 1999. Disneyland 1990 one. then bought coupons (also called tickets).50 $20. while the most-expensive "E" tickets gave access to the newest thrill rides or the most interesting and unusual attractions. At attractions featuring FASTPASS. or often much more quickly. This led to the still-popular term "E ticket ride" for any particularly outstanding. In the 1970s. This model spread rapidly to all other parks. in an effort to offset the long waits for the most popular attractions. but its popularity ensured its spread to many of the park's attractions. special. Park-goers paid a small sum to get into the park. who appears in Fantasyland several times a day to help some lucky child pull a sword from an anvil and stone. Tickets Ticket book circa 1975-1977.$55.

Other deaths include: 14 . 15-year-old Mark Maples of Long Beach. along with an accident that removed some of one kid's toes on Big Thunder Mountain Railroad. 22-year-old Marcelo Torres of nearby Gardena. Seven of the deaths were the result of negligence on the Guests' part rather than the park's: In 1964. of Duvall. In 1973. California was crushed by the Monorail during a Grad Nite celebration while trying to sneak into the park by climbing its track. striking one cast member and two park guests. of Northridge. Washington. Gerrardo Gonzales. ten Guests and one Cast Member have died inside the park. Luan Phi Dawson. 19. New York drowned while trying to carry his little brother swimming across the Rivers of America. prompted California to pass its Theme Park Safety Law. California died after suffering injuries in a derailment of the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad roller coaster. In 1984. as well as for the fact that the Cast Member in charge of the ship at the time was a novice. a heavy metal cleat fastened to the hull of the sailing ship "Columbia" tore loose. The park received much criticism for this incident due to its policy of restricting outside medical personnel in the park to avoid frightening visitors. A greater number of guests have been injured. 33. California was crushed while jumping between two moving PeopleMover cars.Chapter 3 Incidents Over the half century that Disneyland Park has been in operation. New Mexico drowned in the Rivers of America while trying to pilot a rubber emergency boat from Tom Sawyer's Island. 15. This accident. 18. California was crushed by the PeopleMover while jumping between moving cars. 1998. In 1981 Guy Cleveland of Northridge. of Hawthorne. Of the guests. In 1966. Dolly Regene Young. 48. Ohio was hit and dragged by a monorail car. Bogden Delaurot. The normal nonelastic rope (designed to break easily) used to tie the boat off was improperly replaced by an elastic rope which stretched and tore the cleat from the ship's wooden hull. The cause of the accident was determined to be improper maintenance and training of employees. In 1967. Ricky Lee Yama. California unbuckled her seatbelt and was thrown from a Matterhorn Bobsleds car and struck by the next oncoming bobsled. 2003. Thomas Guy Cleveland. 18. of Brooklyn. California died after he stood up in the Matterhorn Bobsleds and fell out. of San Diego. died of a head injury. of Fremont. In 1983. It has been alleged however that the park's policy precludes pronouncement of death while inside Disneyland. In 1980. of guests critically injured at the park. 18. On September 5. Philip Straughan. Two of the more recent deaths were ruled by the California Department of Safety and Health (DOSH) to be the result of negligence on the park's part rather than misbehavior by guests: On December 24. of Albuquerque.

She was in the wrong place during a ride intermission. They approached the gates. They told her husband not to worry. Ho. in May 1989. It was later revealed that she had a tumor in her heart. which they opposed. Employees told her to stay in her rocket and that rocket would be removed from the track. Her husband tried to sue the park. 15 . They raised a Viet Cong flag on Tom Sawyer's Island chanting "Ho. In their leaflets. USA and the attraction it's a small world. In August 1970. only one car of neo-Nazis was seen in the parking lot before the park opened. Pieces of it got in her brain and killed her. convinced that the second Space Mountain trip broke the tumor free and that the park declined to properly or quickly care for her. She was taken to the hospital where she remained in a coma for a week and then died. They wanted to attack Bank of America because the Bank was financing the Vietnam War. Ho Chi Minh".In 1974. Cast Member Deborah Gail Stone. Closures Disneyland Park has only been forced to close twice in its history. [5] In 1979. it was unclear whether this was due to inadequate training or a misstep. yet urban legends have circulated that Walt Disney refused to heed orders from Under Secretary of State George Ball to lower the US Flag in Town Square. With memories of this event in mind. and sent Hoffman's vehicle on another three-minute go-round. She was carried to a bench and then transported in a wheelchair to First Aid. Disneyland Park was literally invaded by several Yippies who planned the stunt as an attack on what they saw as bloated establishment decadence. since Disney and his brother were on the other side of the country surveying land for the future site of the Walt Disney World Resort. Sherrill Anne Hoffman. arrange a Black Panther Breakfast at the now-closed Aunt Jemima Pancake House. and attack the Bank of America on Main Street. ignoring the signs posted outside Space Mountain warning guests with any medical conditions to bypass such tumultuous rides. only to be dismissed at the gates. and none entered. which Bank of America sponsored. though. Although several leaflets were published announcing this. But then he insisted that she be sent to the hospital after her condition didn't improve. she got sick and when her ride vehicle reached the unload area. in honor of the birth of an obscure Nazi leader named Gregor Strasser. By the end of the second trip. This is highly unlikely. The attraction was subsequently refitted with breakaway walls. California was crushed to death between a revolving wall and a stationary platform inside the nowclosed "America Sings" attraction. of nearby Santa Ana. park security personnel were prepared for rumors of an invasion of the park by neo-Nazis. filled the now-closed Inner Space dark ride with marijuana smoke and even displayed the Yippie flag (which had on it an image of a marijuana leaf in a red star on a black background). During the ride. Unfortunately the attendants didn't understand the instruction. 19. she couldn't get out of the rocket. she was almost unconscious. It was possible that the ride removed it. The case was eventually dismissed. they stated they would help "liberate" Minnie Mouse. she only fainted. The first occurrence was due to President Kennedy's assassination. boarded Space Mountain and started to ride through it.

Cartoon characters created by Disney are known all over the world. Van Arsdale (1991). will continue to grow as long as there is imagination left in the world. however it has since been weakened. ref A scheduled closure occurred on May 4. Even though Walt Disney wasn't able to see how his park and his company prospered and grew into the 21st Century. holding tremendous excitement and thrill in its essence. France. With tourist rate more than any other park around the world. a temporary flight restriction. while offering Orange County visitors a place to go 7 days a week." this restriction is still in place as of May. Randy (1987). Disneyland provides amusement and festivity beyond expectations. • Aerial photo of Disneyland from Google Maps • Aerial photo of Disneyland from Microsoft Terraserver http://www. The more Walt dreamed of a "magical park.com http://en.disneyland." the more imaginative and elaborate it became. An additional restriction was imposed by the Federal Aviation Administration after September 11.wikipedia. the park was often scheduled to be closed on Mondays and Tuesdays during the off-season. which forbids civilian and media aircraft from flying over the park.org/wiki/Disneyland 16 ." -Walt Disney Bibliography Bright. 2005. Though the original stated reason was to put the finishing touches on the 50th Anniversary Celebration. Window on Main Street. Harry N Abrams. They worked with nearby Knott's Berry Farm. Old and young alike. The celebration began on May 5. Disneyland is proving to be one of the biggest American achievements.Disneyland Park stayed closed during the attacks of September 11. "Disneyland . . . It was a vision of a place where children and parents could have fun together. Throughout Disneyland and throughout the entire world. The one place for all. he will always be there. which closed on Wednesdays and Thursdays to keep costs down for both parks. Disneyland: Inside Story. Stabur. his legacy still lives on with us. I for one feel that Disneyland has been the most popular business ever since. 2005. Disneyland Park also played host to a large media event designed to generate interest in the 50th anniversary celebration. In Disneyland's early years. Conclusion One day Walt Disney had a vision. out of respect for the time of national mourning and out of fear of further attacks directed at highprofile targets such as the park. only creating the "No-Fly Zone" when the Terror Alert Level is Orange or higher. Although called "temporary. 2001.